National Car Test (NCT) Manual 2014 (PDF

National Car Test (NCT) Manual 2014 (PDF
NATIONAL CAR TEST
(NCT) MANUAL 2014
Passenger Vehicles (Up to 8 Passengers)
Údarás Um Shábháilteacht Ar Bhóithre
Road Safety Authority
Road Safety Authority
National Car Test (NCT) Manual 2014
Covers Type M1 Vehicles
This Manual is not a legal document and must not be construed as such.
REVISIONS
This Manual may be revised and updated from time to time. A current version will
always be available on the Road Safety Authority website: www.rsa.ie.
January 2012
Updated to implement changes arising from transposition of the latest EU directive on roadworthiness testing
(Directive 2010/48/EU):
Item Numbers: 2, 3, 7, 21, 26, 27, 29, 32, 35, 37, 43, 46, 49, 54, 55, 57, 58 and 60
April 2012
Section 30 - Headlamp condition - changes to include test on HID lights
Introduction – person presenting the car for test must produce the required identification or the test
certificate will not be issued
June 2014
Irish Road Traffic (National Car Testing) Regulations 2014
The following Item Numbers have been updated:
Item Numbers - 3, 13, 14, 25, 35, 43, 45, 46, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 60
Section 62 – Modifications Report has been added
New requirements in regard to Odometer Readings
SAFETY
The methods of testing described in this Manual are intended to be carried out by trained and competent
persons, working with appropriate supervision in suitable premises and with safe equipment and tools.
3
Contents
Item No
Page
Page
Item No
Introduction
05
Reflectors
34
55
Methods of Testing and Reasons for Failure
07
Bodywork
35
56
Registration Plates
1
08
Tyre Condition
36
63
Exhaust Smoke (Diesel)
2
10
Tyre Specification
37
64
Exhaust CO/HC/Lambda
3
13
Tyre Tread
38
66
Service Brake Pedal
4
16
Wheels
39
67
Service Brake Operation (Inspection inside the Vehicle) 5
17
Spare Wheel and Carrier
40
68
Mechanical Brake Hand Actuator
6
18
Brake Fluid
41
69
Seats
7
19
Chassis/Underbody
42
70
Horn
8
20
Steering Linkage
43
72
Windscreen Wipers and Washers
9
21
Wheel Bearings
44
74
Glass
10
22
Front Springs
45
75
Rear View Mirror(s)
11
27
Front Suspension
46
77
Speedometer
12
28
Brake Lines/Hoses
47
79
Safety Belts
13
29
Shock Absorber Condition
48
80
Steering Wheel Play
14
30
Electrical System
49
81
Doors/Locks/Anti-Theft Devices
15
31
Fuel System
50
82
Adaptations for Disabled Drivers
16
32
Brake Wheel Units
51
84
Front Wheel Side Slip
17
33
Mechanical Brake Components
52
85
Rear Wheel Side Slip
18
34
Brake Master Cylinder/Servo/Valves/Connections
53
86
Front Axle Suspension Performance
19
35
Exhaust System/Noise
54
87
Rear Axle Suspension Performance
20
36
Rear Suspension
55
88
Service Brake Performance
21
37
Rear Springs
56
89
Service Brake Imbalance
22
39
Transmission & Drive Train
57
91
Parking Brake Performance
23
40
Rear Fog Lamp(s)
58
92
Parking Brake Imbalance
24
41
Reverse Lamp(s)
59
93
Towing Bracket/Coupling
25
42
Malfunction Indicators
60
94
Stop Lamps
26
43
Registration Plate Lamps 61
95
Rear Lamps
27
44
Modifications Report 62
96
Indicators/Tell Tales
28
45
Side Lamps (Front Position Lamps)
29
46
Headlamp Condition
30
47
Headlamp Aim
31
48
Auxiliary Lamp Condition & Position
32
52
Auxiliary Lamp Aim
33
54
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
Introduction
The purpose of this manual is to serve as a reference for
those who carry out roadworthiness tests on vehicles with
accommodation for up to eight passengers including taxi and
hackney cabs covered by the Road Traffic (National Car Test)
Regulations, 2014. The manual should be studied carefully
and used as a reference by persons involved in roadworthiness
testing. Vehicle owners may also find the manual useful in that
it details the inspections to which a vehicle should be subjected
and the reasons why it may not be considered to
be roadworthy.
Because it is not practicable to lay down limits of wear and
tolerance for all components of different models of vehicle,
testers are expected to use their experience and judgement in
making an assessment of the condition of components, i.e. is
replacement, repair or adjustment necessary at time of test.
The NCT tester must record the odometer reading at the time
of the test where an odometer is fitted. When the test report
or pass statement is being presented to the owner or the
presenter of the vehicle, the NCT tester shall point out the
odometer reading. The owner or the presenter of the vehicle
must verify that the odometer reading is correct, and if not
shall immediately advise the NCT Tester as there will be no
opportunity to change the reading at a later stage.
This manual lays down the test method and pass/fail criteria
to be adopted for the compulsory roadworthiness test of the
above vehicles.
The Vehicle Identification Number on the vehicle must
correspond with the information on the Vehicle Registration
File/Book/Licence Certificate. Where difficulty is encountered in
locating the Vehicle Identification Number it is the responsibility
of the presenter to establish the location of this information on
the vehicle.
Requirements in regard to Modifications are outlined under test
item 62 in this manual.
The test is a maintenance and condition check. A detailed
assessment of a vehicle’s design and construction is not part
of the test.
Where the brakes cannot be tested on a roller brake tester, due
to the design of the vehicle, a road test must be carried out
using a decelerometer to evaluate the brake performance.
For each item to be tested this manual details the method of
testing (including Notes) and reasons for failure. A vehicle should
only be assessed against the items listed in this manual.
Testers may refuse a test in the following circumstances:
Tyres should be inflated to the required pressure before a test is
started otherwise test results may be misleading.
(i) “Method of Testing” details the ways in which the tests of items
on a vehicle are to be carried out and the equipment to be used.
When carrying out each test, particular attention should be paid
to the information given in the “Notes” since this gives guidance
on the conduct and scope of the test.
where in their opinion any part of the vehicle or its
equipment is in such a dirty or dangerous condition as
to make it unreasonably difficult to carry out the test.
(ii) where a load or other items are not adequately secured.
(iii) where the vehicle’s engine does not comply with the
preliminary check requirements under Test Item 2.
(iv) where a Registration Book/Licence Certificate is not
produced and the vehicle identification number does not
correspond with the National Car Testing Service (N.C.T.S.)
vehicle file.
“Reasons for Failure” lists all defects which will result in the
vehicle failing. A vehicle may not be failed unless it has one or
more of the listed defects.
The Reasons for Failure should be determined solely by reference
to the “Method of Test” section.
(v)
Item 61, Registration Plate Lamps, is now a Pass Advisory item.
Failure of this test will not result in overall failure of the vehicle.
The owner/presenter is to be advised of the Pass Advisory item
and urged to have it repaired as soon as possible.
where the Registration Book/Licence Certificate is
produced and the vehicle identification number on the
vehicle does not correspond with either the Registration
Book/Licence Certificate or the N.C.T.S. vehicle file.
(vi) where the person who presents the vehicle to be tested
fails to produce the required identification.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
Introduction
n The customer must be informed:
• Of the existence, extent and nature of the defect.
• That the owner and/or driver of a mechanically propelled
vehicle who drives a mechanically propelled vehicle
in a public place while there is a defect affecting the
vehicle which he knows of or could have discovered by
the exercise of ordinary care and which is such that the
vehicle is, when in motion, a danger to the public shall
be guilty of an offence.
• That in the opinion of NCTS the vehicle is dangerous.
• That the customer must make arrangements to have the
vehicle removed from the test centre.
n A sticker stating “Failed Dangerous” should be attached
to the vehicle
n If the customer states that s/he is going to drive the vehicle:
• Advise that An Garda Síochána will be informed
n If customer drives the vehicle off the premises the incident
must be reported to An Garda Síochána immediately.
Testers may refuse to issue a test certificate in the following
circumstances:
• Where the person who presents the vehicle to be tested
fails to produce the required identification.
The owner and the Driver and Vehicle Computer Services Division
must be notified where there are any discrepancies between the
vehicle documentation or N.C.T.S. vehicle file and the vehicle in
the Make, Model, Body type, EU Vehicle Category, VRT Vehicle
Category, Motor Taxation Class or number of seats.
The Methods of Testing detailed in this manual are designed
to comply with normal workshop practice. The Road Safety
Authority does not accept responsibility for any injury to any
person or any damage to any property arising from the conduct
of any test described in this manual. Nothing in this manual
may be construed as diminishing in any way the obligations on
employers and employees in relation to occupational health and
safety at work.
IMPORTANT NOTE
Fail Dangerous
When a vehicle is failed because of a dangerous defect (defects
that constitute a direct and immediate risk to road safety such
that the vehicle should not be used on the road under any
circumstances) the Vehicle Inspector should proceed as follows:
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
Methods of Testing and
Reasons for Failure
7
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REGISTRATION PLATES
Method of Testing
1. Check the registration plates for security, location, format, legibility, visibility and correct colour.
NOTES
Owners of vehicles first registered prior to 31 December 1990, have the option of converting their
registration plates to the new format.
1. Vehicles first registered on or after 1 January 1991
For vehicles registered on or after 1 January 1991, letters and numbers must be black set against a white
background of reflex reflective material. The flag of the European Communities, the Nationality Symbol,
IRL, and the Irish language name of the City/County of registration to be shown. No other marks may
appear on the plate. Any additional tabs, etc. outside the dimensions shown for the registration plate
are not considered part of the plate.
2. Vehicles first registered on or after 1 January 1987
For vehicles registered on or after 1 January 1987, letters and numbers must be black set against a white
background of reflex reflective material and minimum dimensions should be as shown in the sketches on
page 9.
3. Vehicles first registered prior to 1 January 1987
(a) Reflex Reflecting Registration Plates
Front registration plates should have black numbers and letters on a white background. Rear registration
plates should have black numbers and letters on a red or white background.
(b) Non-Reflex Reflecting Registration Plates
Front and rear registration plates should have white, silver or light grey numbers and letters on a
black background.
(c) Back Lit Registration Numbers and Letters
Where registration numbers and letters are back lit the letters and figures must, when illuminated
during lighting-up hours appear white in the front identification mark and either white or red in the rear
identification mark. At all other times they should appear white on a black background.
(d) Dimensions for letters and numbers should be as shown in the sketch on page 9.
4. Where the indented space provided for the number plate is not sufficient to accommodate a standard size
number plate, the registration plate and registration letters and numbers may be reduced in size relative
to the space provided for the number plate.
ITEM
Registration Number Plate
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 One or both plates missing, insecure or not clearly visible.
2 Numbers or letters missing or illegible or incorrect size (see page 9).
3 Numbers, letter or background of incorrect colour (see notes above).
4 Marks, other than those prescribed, on the plate
within the boundary shown in the diagram.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
DIMENSIONS FOR NUMBER PLATES
All dimensions in millimeters
40
36
110
5
5
10
8
4
15
d
Ra
13
70
10
8
520
12
12
12
100
20
220
70
12
340
9
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
EXHAUST SMOKE (DIESEL)
Preliminary Check before carrying Out Diesel Engine Smoke Test
Vehicles registered before
01 January 1980
(Visual check)
Vehicles registered on or after
01 January 1980
(Measured test)
Pre-test Checks (Engine Off)
Engine Oil Level Ok?
Water Coolant Level Ok ?
YES
On all items
Purge exhaust system
and carry out
Smoke Test.
Camshaft Belt Ok?*
Start Engine and Check
Engine Warning Light Ok?
NO
On any item
Decline to do
Smoke Test
until fault rectified.
Engine Oil Pressure /Light Ok?
Engine Temperature Ok?
Engine Free of Obvious Defects?
Engine Max RPM within 90%
of Manufacturer’s Spec?
NOTES
1 Check with the vehicle owner /presenter that the camshaft belt has been changed at the manufacturer’s
specified interval. Removing the camshaft belt cover is not part of the roadworthiness test.
10
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
EXHAUST SMOKE (DIESEL)
Method of Testing
(A metered smoke test does not apply to vehicles first registered before 1st January 1980)
NOTES
(Vehicles first registered on or after 1st January 1980)
1. All diesel engine tests must be performed according to EU Directives. Where an automatic transmission is
fitted, the manufacturer’s guidelines should be consulted.
2. No smoke test should be carried out without having done the pre test check detailed on page 10.
3. It is absolutely essential that the engine is at normal operating temperature before carrying out a smoke
test. Testers should ensure that engines are not warmed up by being left idling or at half throttle. They
should be warmed up by normal driving.
4. Engines left idling for any length of time will show a high smoke opacity reading.
5. When carrying out this test the throttle must not be “blipped”.
6. Exhaust emissions tests should not be performed on a vehicle where the oil level is well over the dipstick
“Full” mark.
7. Where the oil level is below the minimum level, the exhaust emission test should not be performed if it is
necessary to purge the engine.
8. Where a diesel engine is at the correct operating temperature and has been correctly purged and the first
three readings are at or above 9.99, the exhaust emissions test may be aborted.
9. Where a vehicle is producing black smoke to such an extent that the smoke meter might be damaged,
the vehicle should be failed without carrying out the normal smoke test (see Test for vehicles first
registered prior to 1980.)
10.Where a vehicle’s engine speed is limited when the vehicle is stationary, the smoke test may be carried
out at the restricted rpm.
Vehicles first registered on or after 1st January 1980
1. Check visually that the emission control system is complete and properly connected and that there are no leaks in the
exhaust system.
2. With the engine at normal operating temperature, raise the engine speed slowly to 2,500 rpm or half the engine manufacturer’s
recommended governed speed whichever is less and hold for 20 seconds in order to purge the exhaust system. If the engine
emits any unusual noises the test should be abandoned. Slowly raise the engine speed to its maximum rpm and note if the
governor operates within the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended rpm setting. If not the test should be discontinued.
Do not hold the engine at maximum rpm for any length of time.
3. Connect the diesel smoke meter to the vehicle following the smoke meter manufacturer’s instructions. Depress the accelerator
pedal firmly from the idling position to the maximum fuel delivery position following the prompts of the smoke meter. The
smoke meter is programmed to ignore the first reading. The operation is repeated and if the reading on this occasion is less
than 60% of the acceptable limit the test is ended. If the reading is not less than 60% of the acceptable limit, the operation is
repeated. If the average of this and the previous reading is within the acceptable limit the test is ended. If the average readings
are not within the limits the operation is repeated up to a maximum of three more times taking the average of the last two
readings after which the test is ended.
Vehicles first registered before 1st January 1980
4. For these vehicles, the exhaust emission should be assessed while driving the vehicle in the test area or test lane. Under no
circumstances should the engine rpm be taken above that required to drive the vehicle through the various tests.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
EXHAUST SMOKE (DIESEL)
ITEM
Preliminary Check
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Engine oil level too high or too low, coolant level too low
2 Obvious Engine defects
Exhaust Smoke
(Vehicles first registered on or after
1st January 1980 up to 1st July 2008)
Vehicles first registered
after 1st July 2008
3 Where the average smoke meter reading is not in
accordance with the manufacturer’s standard for exhaust
smoke emissions or is higher than 2.5m-1 in the case of
naturally aspirated diesel engines and 3.0m-1 in the case
of turbocharged or supercharged diesel engines.
4 Where the maximum attainable engine speed
is less than or equal to 90% of the maximum
speed specified by the manufacturer.
5 Where the average smoke meter reading is not in
accordance with the manufacturer’s standard for
exhaust smoke emissions or is higher than 1.5m-1.
Exhaust Smoke (Vehicles first
registered before 1st January 1980)
6 The exhaust emission is coloured black haze or darker.
Emission Control System
7 Emission control system leaking, incomplete or incorrectly assembled.
Idle Speed
8 Engine idle speed incorrect
(e.g. ± 100 rpm of manufacturer’s stated speed).
Note: If the fuel pump seal is missing and the maximum
rpm achievable is less than 90% of the manufacturer’s
stated maximum rpm, it should be considered that
the fuel pump has been adjusted to pass the test
and the vehicle should be failed on this test.
Where a vehicle has passed the emissions test and
the exhaust system is later found to be leaking,
the exhaust readings should be overridden.
The ‘date of first registration’ will be used to provide the test
standard. If the station manager has information to prove
that the car was built to a less stringent standard (such as
indicated by the ‘year of manufacture’), he may pass the
car if it would have passed the less stringent standard.
If the engine has been changed, apply the
standards to which the car was originally built,
not the year of manufacture of the engine.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
EXHAUST CO/HC/LAMBDA
(This item does not apply to vehicles first registered before 1st January 1980)
Method of Testing
1. Check visually in the case of 4 stroke spark ignition engines (petrol or gas) that the emission control system is complete and
properly connected and that there are no leaks in the exhaust system.
Pre Jan 1994 Registrations
2. With the engine at normal operating temperature connect the CO/HC meter as per manufacturer’s instructions. Raise the
engine speed to approximately 2,500 rpm and hold for 20 seconds. Allow the engine to return to idle and the emissions
readings to stabilise. Note the carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon content of the exhaust gases at normal idle speed.
Post Jan 1994 Registrations
3. For vehicles first registered on or after the 1st January 1994 raise the engine speed to 2,500 rpm or to a speed specified by the
vehicle manufacturer and hold for a minimum of 30 seconds. Check the HC, CO and Lambda values. If the exhaust emissions
are not within the specified limits with the vehicle engine at normal operating temperature raise the engine speed to 2,500
rpm or to a speed specified by the vehicle manufacturer and hold for 3 minutes and note HC, CO and Lambda values. Allow the
vehicle engine to return to normal idle speed and the exhaust reading to stabilise and note the CO reading.
NOTES
1. When checking exhaust emissions, the vehicle must be conditioned in accordance with the vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations.
2. Hybrid vehicles should be viewed as an electric vehicle and will not require an exhaust emissions test.
3. For the following Rover vehicles: a) Mini 1300 carburettor and open loop three-way catalyst, b) Metro
Rover 100 1100 carburettor and open loop three-way catalyst, first registered on or before 31 December
1994, the exhaust emission limit for CO is 3.5% and for HC is 1200 ppm. Where a vehicle meets the CO
limit but fails the HC limit, the inspector must perform a further HC test at 2000 rpm. If the vehicle meets
the HC limit at 2000 rpm, it is considered to have met the requirements.
4. For Suzuki Cultas, the maximum allowable CO value is 4.5% and the maximum allowable HC value
is 1200 ppm.
5. Where it can be established that the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations on exhaust emissions are
higher than those listed in the reasons for failure then the manufacturer’s figure should be the criteria
used when deciding whether or not the vehicle passes.
6. For vehicles tested operating on L.P.G. the hydrocarbon reading must be divided by the propane/hexane
equivalent factor (PEF) which is marked on the hydrocarbon test equipment.
7. Where vehicles are fitted with twin exhaust systems the higher of the two should be taken.
8. A HC test is not required on vehicles operating on CNG.
9. This test should not be carried out where:
(a)the oil warning light remains on with the engine running.
(b)the oil level is below the manufacturer’s minimum level.
(c) the oil level is above the manufacturer’s maximum level.
10 This test does not apply to two-stroke or rotary piston (Wankel) engines.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
EXHAUST CO/HC/LAMBDA
(This item does not apply to vehicles first registered before 1st January 1980)
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Engine Exhaust System
1 Leaking.
Emission Control System
2 Emission control system leaking, incomplete, incorrectly
assembled or obviously unsafely repaired or modified.
Idle Speed
3 Obviously outside vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations (± 100
rpm or ±10% of manufacturer’s stated speed whichever is greater)
Carbon Monoxide Emission
4 Carbon monoxide emission is is not in accordance with
the vehicle manufacturer’s standard or for vehicles
first registered before 1st of October 1986, the carbon
monoxide content is more than 4.5% at idling speed.
5 For vehicles first registered on or after 1st of October
1986, up to 31st December 1993, the carbon monoxide
content at idling speed is more than 3.5%.
6 For vehicles first registered on or after 1st of January 1994,
the carbon monoxide content at idling speed is more than 0.5%.
7 For vehicles first registered on or after 1st of January 1994,
the carbon monoxide content at 2,500 rpm or at a speed
specified by the vehicle manufacturer is more than 0.3%.
8 For vehicles first registered on or after 1st of July 2002 the
carbon monoxide at idling speed is more than 0.3%.
9 For vehicles first registered on or after 1st of July 2002
the carbon monoxide content is more than 0.2% by
volume at either an engine speed of 2500 rpm or at
a speed specified by the vehicle manufacturer.
Hydrocarbon (H.C.)
10 Hydrocarbon emission is is not in accordance with the
vehicle manufacturer’s standard or for vehicles first
registered before 1st October, 1986, the hydrocarbon
content at idling speed is more than 1,000 ppm.
11 For vehicles first registered on or after 1st of October
1986, up to 31st December 1993, the hydrocarbon
content at idling speed is more than 750 ppm.
12 For vehicles first registered on or after 1st of January 1994,
the hydrocarbon content at 2,500 rpm or at a speed specified
by the vehicle manufacturer is more than 200 ppm.
Lambda
13 For vehicles first registered on or after 1st of January
1994, the lambda value at 2,500 rpm or at the speed
specified by the vehicle manufacturer is not 1 ± .03 or
within the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendation.
Exhaust Emissions
14 Excessive exhaust smoke likely to affect other road users.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
EXHAUST CO/HC/LAMBDA
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Note: For kit cars built before 1st January 2000,
use the pre-1994 emissions standards.
Where a kit car is presented for a test, a declaration is
required from an automotive Engineer/Assessor stating the
make, year of manufacture of the engine, and the exhaust
emission values stated by the engine manufacturer.
The ‘date of first registration’ will be used to provide the
test standard. If the test centre manager has information to
prove that the car was built to a less stringent standard (such
as indicated by the ‘year of manufacture’), he may pass the
car if it would have passed the less stringent standard.
If the engine has been changed, apply the standards to which the
car was originally built, not the year of manufacture of the engine.
For cars fuelled by CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) do not apply
a HC standard. This will prevent false failures
from excessive methane emissions.
The HC (hydrocarbon) will only be checked at high idle
on cars equipped with catalytic converters.
Imported and used vehicles first registered after 1994 that are not fitted
with a catalytic converter should be tested against pre-1994 values.
15
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
SERVICE BRAKE PEDAL
Method of Testing
SEE NOTE (1) BELOW
1. Check the anti-slip provisions on the pedal pad.
2. Examine the condition of the pedal.
3. Check the fixing of the pedal pad to the pedal and the fixing of the pedal to the operating lever.
4. Move the pedal from side to side and examine the condition of the pedal pivot bearing/bush.
5. Depress the pedal to check for fouling on parts of the vehicle.
NOTES
1. Before carrying out this inspection, check the road wheels.
2. Brake pedals should not be rejected for not having a pedal rubber if they were not designed to have one.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Service Brake Pedal Anti-Slip Provision
1 Missing, loose or worn to the extent that it is no longer effective.
Service Brake Pedal Mounting
2 Insecure, badly corroded or worn to the extent that
the pedal can be moved from side to side.
3 Excessive wear in brake pedal mounting bush.
Service Brake Pedal Travel
4 Pedal travel is obstructed.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
SERVICE BRAKE OPERATION
(Inspection inside the Vehicle)
Method of Testing
1. For hydraulic systems, fully depress the pedal and keep it depressed under a steady pressure. Note whether the pedal tends to
creep down.
2. For hydraulic systems release the handbrake, depress the pedal and note the extent of travel of the brake pedal and whether
there is sponginess.
3. On some vehicles the action of the brakes is assisted by vacuum from the engine. In such cases deplete the vacuum by
applying the service brake a number of times with the engine switched off. Fully apply the service brake, start the engine and
note whether the pedal can be felt to dip.
4. If the vehicle is fitted with a brake anti-lock system, check the warning lamp.
NOTES
1. The check procedure on Anti-Lock Brake Systems will vary according to the type of system fitted.
The manufacturer’s handbook should be consulted for the correct check procedure.
ITEM
Service Brake Operation
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 In hydraulic systems, pedal tends to creep down, or
is felt to be spongy when held depressed.
2 Travel in the brake pedal indicates air in the brake
system or brakes in need of adjustment.
3 In systems assisted by vacuum from engine, with the pedal
depressed and the engine started, no dip is felt in brake pedal.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
MECHANICAL BRAKE HAND LEVER
(where fitted)
Method of Testing
SEE NOTES BELOW
1. Examine the condition of the brake lever and its position.
2. With the brake lever in the “off” position:
(a) note the amount of side play in the lever pivot by moving the lever from side to side.
(b) check the condition of the ratchet and pawl mechanism pivots.
(c) check the safety guard.
3. Apply the brake lever slowly and check the effective operation of the pawl mechanism by listening for definite and regular
clicks as the pawl moves over the ratchet teeth.
4. When the brake is fully applied:
(a) knock the top and each side of the lever by hand and check that the lever is held in the ‘on’ position.
(b) check that the lever is not at the end of its permitted travel and that there is no fouling of adjacent parts.
NOTES
1. Before carrying out this inspection, check the road wheels.
2. In some cases it is not possible to check these items completely from inside the vehicle, but only to
obtain an indication of their condition. If a defect is suspected which cannot be verified from inside the
vehicle the inspection must be continued from a position underneath the vehicle.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Lever/Lever Mounting
1 Missing, fractured, badly worn, corroded,
insecure or mounting unsatisfactory.
2 Travel is excessive or movement is obstructed.
Ratchet and Pawl Mechanism
(where fitted)
3 Missing, insecure, damaged or sticking.
4 Definite and regular clicks are not heard, indicating worn mechanism.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
SEATS
Method of Testing
1. Examine all seats and seat mountings for security and condition.
2. Note any movement of the seat relative to the vehicle body and the condition of the seat back and seat cushion.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Seats
1 Loose on runners or insecurely mounted.
2 Collapsed or framework damaged.
Driver’s Seat
3 Seat so damaged that driver’s support is impaired.
4 Driver’s seat adjustment mechanism not functioning correctly.
Note: A seat should fail when it is so loose that detachment
from the runners or sliding backwards or forwards is likely.
The driver’s seat should be failed where the seat support foam
cannot be contained, e.g. keeps falling out. This does not
mean the seat fails if the upholstery is torn or worn. A seat
cover is an acceptable means of containing the foam.
NOTES
1. Seats include child seats or child restraint systems
19
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
HORN
Method of Testing
1. Check the security of the horn and horn control.
2. Operate the horn control and note that the horn sounds correctly.
ITEM
Horn
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Control insecure.
2 Horn insecurely mounted.
3 Not working correctly.
4 Not working or not fitted.
20
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
WINDSCREEN WIPERS AND WASHERS
Method of Testing
1. Switch on the windscreen wipers and washers and check for operation and security and that the wipers move at an
appropriate speed over an arc of the windscreen glass which is sufficient to give the driver an adequate view.
2. Check the wiper control.
3. Examine the condition of the wiper arms and blades. Check that the springs are not weak or broken.
4. Check wiper linkage for wear.
5. Check that the windscreen washer(s) function satisfactorily.
NOTES
1. Washers will be considered as being fitted if there is any part of a washer system fitted.
2. This test only applies to front windscreens.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Wiper Arms and Blades
1 Missing.
2 Not cleaning windscreen effectively.
3 Wiped area less than sufficient to give the driver an adequate view.
Speed of Wipers
4 Not operating normally.
Wiper Control
5 Insecurely mounted.
6 Not working, defective or missing.
Wiper Linkage
7 Broken, excessively worn or insecure.
Washers (if fitted)
8 Not working or incorrectly aimed.
Note: Where no washer is fitted or there is no fluid in the washer
reservoir, check the function of the wipers and visually for
defects on the blade that would fail effectiveness (reason 2).
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
GLASS
Method of Testing
1. Check the condition and security of the windscreen and all side and rear windows.
2. Check that where the windscreen is made of glass it is marked as safety glass.
3. Check that there is an adequate view from the driving seat and that it is not interfered with by objects or stickers.
4. Check that in the case of vehicles first registered on or after 1st January 1986 the windscreen is made of laminated safety glass
and marked as shown on the attached Schedule I overleaf or to an equivalent standard as shown in Fig. 1 below.
5. Where windscreens, side or rear windows are fitted with glazing material other than safety glass the vehicle owner shall
provide a certificate from the manufacturer or installer stating that the glazing material is not likely, if fractured, to produce
fragments capable of causing severe cuts. In the case of rally cars, this may take the form of a note from the Technical
Commissioner of the RIAC in the vehicle log book.
6. Check that the driver’s window operating mechanism is functioning properly.
7. If an inspector deems that the windscreen or front side windows are excessively tinted, the level of light transmission
of the window should be tested using light meter capable of measuring the amount of light transmitted through the
windscreen and the side windows along side the driver to an accuracy of ± 3% and suitable for reliable use in an
inspection centre environment.
COUNTRY
SAFETY GLASS STANDARD
Australia:
AS/NZS 2080 AS/NZS 2080T
Canada:
CMVSS 205 (C2)
India:
IS2553 (Part 2) 1992
Japan:
11-4-21 (window glass) JISR 3211
South Africa:
SABS 1191 / SABS 1193
UK:
BS AU I78 / BS 857-2 / BS 5282
USA:
FMVSS 205 (U)
Germany:
A three-period sine wave followed by the letter D.
This is an older German type approval
for automotive glazing. (See image below).
Glazing marked Birkholz, Seitz, Roxite, Para
Press or Bonoplex.
Glazing marked PMMA (polymethylmethylacrylate)
or PC (polycarbonate).
Figure 1: Acceptable safety glass standards.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
GLASS Cont...
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Glass Windscreen
1 Windscreen missing.
2 Windscreen not marked as safety glass.
3 In vehicles first registered on or after 1st January 1986 windscreen
is not marked as shown in Schedule 1 or to an equivalent standard.
4 Objects or stickers in drivers direct line of vision.
5 Damaged beyond acceptable limits. See page 26.
6 Glass has a visible light transmission level of less than 65%.
Glass Side and Rear Windows
7 Not marked as safety glass (if first registered after 1 January 1986).
8 Glass in front side windows has a visible light
transmission level of less than 65%.
Windscreens, Windows
9 Insecure.
10 Opening mechanism of driver’s window not operating.
Non Glass Windscreens and Side or
Rear Windows
11 Made of material likely, if fractured, to produce
fragments capable of causing severe cuts.
12 Side or rear windows damaged such that
the driver’s view is restricted.
Note: A vehicle presented with an emergency windscreen
fitted, the vehicle should fail under (1).
NOTES
1. Windscreen repairs are acceptable provided they meet BS Codes of Practice BS AU242 and BS AU25 1
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
GLASS Cont...
Schedule 1
COUNTRY IN WHICH MARK ISSUES
APPROVED STANDARD MARKS
Any country which has subscribed to the Agreement of
the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
concerning the adopting of uniform conditions of
approval and reciprocal recognition of approval for
motor vehicle equipment and parts. Done at Geneva
on 20th March, 1958.
II
E4
*
43R**
* This number varies and relates to the
country which issued the approval.
** In association with the standard mark
a serial number assigned by the issuing
country is shown in this position.
NOTE
The absence of II or III above or beside the approved
standard mark indicates that the glass is not laminated.
United Kingdom
B.S. 857-2 or
B.S. 5282 or
B.S.AU 178
See also note below
NOTE
The B.S. must be accompanied by the word laminated
or the letter L, WL or WLT. The absence of these
will indicate that the glass is not laminated.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
GLASS Cont...
Schedule 1
EXAMPLES OF EEC COMPONENT TYPE-APPROVAL MARKS FOR WINDSCREEN
II
Ordinary laminated
glass windscreen
e2*
001241 **
II/P
Ordinary laminated
glass coated
e2*
001242 **
III
Treated laminated
glass windscreen
e2*
001243 **
IV
Glass-plastic
windscreen
e2*
001244 **
* This number varies and relates to the country which issued the approval.
**In association with the standard mark a serial number assigned by the issuing country is shown in this position.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
GLASS
ACCEPTABLE LIMITS
290 mm
Y CENTRE LINE OF DRIVERS SEAT
B
A
B
C
290 mm
Y CENTRE LINE OF DRIVERS SEAT
A
B
B
C
ZONE A Damage that can be contained within a 10mm diameter circle (maximum of two defects provided they are
more than 100mm apart).
ZONE B Damage that can be contained within a 20mm diameter circle or hairline cracks up to 30mm long (maximum of two defects provided they are more than 100mm apart).
ZONE C Damage that can be contained within a 40mm diameter circle (maximum of three defects provided they are more than
100mm apart).
NOTES
1 The vehicle should be failed where damage is beyond the above limits.
2 Damaged windscreens may be repaired provided the repairs meet the requirements of Codes of Practice
BS AU242 and BS AU251.
3 Light scratching which does not obscure the driver’s view should be ignored.
26
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REAR VIEW MIRROR(S)
Method of Testing
1.
Check the condition of mirrors fitted to the vehicle as standard equipment to see that the reflecting surface is not
deteriorated or broken so as to impair the driver’s view.
2.
Examine the security and condition of each mirror mounting bracket.
NOTES
1 Estate and hatchback cars are required to be fitted with an exterior rear view mirror on each side
of the vehicle.
2. All other vehicles should be fitted with an internal rear view mirror.
3. Where a vehicle does not have two exterior mirrors, there must be clear evidence on the day that the
vehicle was originally fitted with two exterior mirrors or it cannot be failed on this point. If there is any
doubt, the benefit of the doubt must be given to the vehicle owner.
4. A vehicle must not be failed on mirrors fitted in addition to the legally required mirrors.
ITEM
Rear View Mirror(s), Internal and
External where fitted by the vehicle
manufacturer as original equipment
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Missing.
2 Reflecting surface deteriorated or broken
so as to impair the driver’s view.
3 Head or mounting loose.
4 Mirror not adjustable.
Estate or Hatchback
5 Not fitted with an external mirror on each side of the vehicle.
27
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
SPEEDOMETER
Method of Testing
1.
Check that a speedometer is fitted, working and can be easily seen from the driving seat.
2.
Check that the speedometer can be illuminated.
NOTES
1 The speedometer functions check is limited to the movement of the vehicle within the test area.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Speedometer
1 Missing or not working.
2 Cannot be seen from driver’s seat.
Lighting of Speedometer
3 Not working.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
SAFETY BELTS
(This item does not apply to vehicles first registered before the 1st of June 1971)
Method of Testing
1.
For vehicles first registered on or after the 1st of June 1971, check that a lap and diagonal type safety belt is provided
for the driver and front outer passenger seat.
2.
For vehicles first registered on or after the 1st of January 1992, check that all outer forward facing seats are provided with a lap
and diagonal type safety belt and all other forward facing seats are provided with a lap and diagonal or lap type safety belt.
3.
Pull each safety belt webbing against its anchorage and see that it is properly secured to the vehicle structure.
4.
Examine the condition of all safety belt webbing for cuts or obvious signs of deterioration. In the case of the retractable type
safety belt ensure that the belt is fully extended during this examination.
5.
With the seat unoccupied, fasten the safety belt buckle and check that the adjustment mechanism functions properly. In the
case of retractable belts ensure that all the slack is removed and by pulling the belt quickly check that the locking mechanism
operates. Attempt to separate the fastened belt at the buckle and check that the belt can be released when required.
6.
Examine the condition of the attachment and adjustment fittings on each belt for distortion or fracture.
7.
As far as is practicable without dismantling, check the condition of the vehicle structure in the vicinity of the safety belt
anchorage points. The condition of floor mounted anchorage points may best be inspected from underneath the vehicle.
NOTES
1 Where a vehicle is fitted with seat belts which can only be checked for operation by a road test, it will
not be necessary to check the operation of the rear seat belts. Both front seat belts must be checked for
operation; however, the visuals should make clear to the owner that the rear seat belts have not been
checked for operation.
ITEM
Safety Belts
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1. For vehicles first registered on or after the 1st of
June 1971, a lap and diagonal type safety belt is not
provided for the driver and outer front seat.
2. For vehicles first registered on or after the 1st of January 1992:
(a)A lap and diagonal type belt is not provided
for all outer forward facing seats.
(b)A lap and diagonal or lap type safety belt is not
provided for all other forward facing seats.
Safety Belts (including belts of Child
Restraint Systems)
3. Belts cut, badly frayed, obviously unsafely repaired or modified.
4. Belts not operating properly (e.g. damaged buckles, loose or
detached fixing bolts, retracting or locking mechanism not
functioning properly as designed and manufactured).
Safety Belt and Child Restraint System
Anchorage
Note: Safety belts which only operate when the vehicle is in
motion should be checked when driving to or from the test lane.
Note: A safety belt that cannot be extended fully should fail.
5. Any load bearing member of the vehicle structure or
panelling within 30 cm of an anchorage point cracked,
corroded or in an otherwise weakened condition.
6. Belt mounting unsatisfactory (e.g. incorrect bolts fitted).
7. Any belt mounting is obviously unsafely repaired or modified.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
STEERING WHEEL PLAY
Method of Testing
1.
With the road-wheels in the straight-ahead position, lightly turn the steering wheel to the left and right as far as possible and
note the amount of free play before the road-wheels move. (If power steering is fitted the engine should be running).
2.
Attempt to lift the steering wheel in line with the steering column and note any movement at the centre of the steering
wheel or the steering column.
3.
Push steering wheel away and pull it towards your body, and note the movement of the steering column and its
security of mounting.
4.
Examine the universal joints/flexible couplings for wear, security or deterioration.
5.
Examine steering lock where fitted (see Item 15 for reasons for failure).
6.
Check the presence and security of retaining and locking devices.
7.
Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out to the steering wheel/column/shaft or to
the universal joining/clamp.
NOTES
1. Where a steering mechanism is fitted with flexible couplings care must be taken to distinguish between
play due to wear, and apparent play due to the construction of the mechanism.
2. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to any of the steering wheel/column/shaft or to the universal
joint/clamp may require a modifications report to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Steering Box
1 Excessive rotational play (20°).
Rack and Pinion
2 Excessive rotational play (5°).
Steering Wheel/Column/Shaft
3 Excessive end float, insecure, broken or obviously
unsafely repaired or modified.
4 Bushes/Bearings/Mounting brackets missing,
worn, damaged or insecure.
5 Shear pin in telescopic column broken.
Universal Joint/Clamp
6 Damaged, worn, insecure, badly deteriorated or
obviously unsafely repaired or modified.
Retaining and Locking Devices
7 A retaining or locking device missing or insecure.
NOTE ON ROTATIONAL PLAY
Steering Box
20° on 15” (381mm) diameter wheel = 67mm
on rim
20° on 18” (457mm) diameter wheel = 80mm
on rim
Rack and Pinion
5° on 15” (381mm) diameter wheel = 17mm
5° on 18” (457mm) diameter wheel = 20mmon rim
30
on rim
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
DOOR/LOCKS/ANTI-THEFT DEVICES
Method of Testing
Examine the general condition of all doors.
1. Open each door and check the security of catches and receivers.
2. Close the door and, without using the handle, note whether the door primary and secondary catches hold the door closed.
3. By opening and closing each door note whether the door pillars are sound (see Item 35 for reasons for failure).
4. If the vehicle is fitted with sliding doors examine the condition of the runners and tracks and actuating mechanism.
5. Check that the steering lock is not fouling the steering mechanism when the ignition is switched on.
ITEM
Doors
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 A door missing.
2 Door cannot be shut or opened normally
or is liable to open on its own.
3 Insecure receivers or catch.
Sliding Doors
4 Runners, tracks, or actuating mechanism so defective
that the door does not open or close properly.
5 A door missing.
6 Safety devices not working or defective.
Steering Lock (where originally fitted)
7 Excessive wear or jamming of lock/barrel/
key mechanism of a steering lock.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
ADAPTATIONS FOR DISABLED DRIVERS (where fitted)
Method of Testing
Check all adaptations for disabled drivers to ensure that they operate freely, are secure, free from excessive wear and
not likely to fail.
ITEM
Adaptations for Disabled Drivers
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Worn, insecure, sticking, fouling or likely to fail.
2 Servo or electrical devices defective.
3 Wiring insecure, insulation damaged, likely to short circuit or fail.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
FRONT WHEEL SIDE SLIP
Method of Testing
Drive the R/H front wheel slowly and straight over the side slip plate without moving the steering wheel or applying the brakes
and note the reading.
NOTES
1. When explaining defects to vehicle owners or garages, side slip may be referred to as steering geometry.
ITEM
Side Slip
REASONS FOR FAILURE
More than ± 14m/km.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REAR WHEEL SIDE SLIP
Method of Testing
Drive the R/H rear wheel slowly and straight over the side slip plate without moving the steering wheel or applying the brakes and
note the reading.
ITEM
Side Slip
REASONS FOR FAILURE
More than ± 18m/km.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
FRONT AXLE SUSPENSION PERFORMANCE
Method of Testing
Drive the front wheels of the vehicle into the suspension performance tester and operate as per manufacturer’s instructions.
ITEM
Front Suspension Performance
REASONS FOR FAILURE
More than 30% imbalance between L/H and R/H suspension.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REAR AXLE SUSPENSION PERFORMANCE
Method of Testing
Drive the rear wheels of the vehicle into the suspension performance tester and operate as per manufacturer’s instructions.
ITEM
Rear Suspension Performance
REASONS FOR FAILURE
More than 30% imbalance between L/H and R/H suspensions.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
SERVICE BRAKE PERFORMANCE
Method of Testing
Roller Brake Test
If the Vehicle is of a type which can be tested on the roller brake test machine proceed as follows.
1. Position the vehicle so that the wheels of each axle can in turn be placed on the brake test machine rollers.
2. Drive the vehicle onto the roller brake tester and following the prompts of the brake tester programme apply the service brake.
3. Check that the brake can be applied progressively and when released does not show any abnormal lag.
NOTES
1. Tyres must be correctly inflated and the gear selector should be in the neutral position.
2. The testing of vehicles fitted with ice studded tyres will damage the brake tester roller friction surface.
It is advisable to ensure before the roller brake test that the tyres are not damaged and are free from
stones embedded in the tread.
3. Vehicles having automatic transmission must not be tested with the gear selector in the “P” park
position.
4. Occasions will arise when the required brake efficiency is just obtained or just exceeded without lock
occurring but the tester knows that a higher performance figure is normally obtainable for the type of
vehicle being tested. In such cases although the vehicle has passed the brake performance test, the
tester should advise the owner that the braking system appears to be in need of adjustment or repair.
5. For vehicles with servo assisted or power braking systems, the engine must be running (idling) when the
service brake is tested.
6. In some cases it may be necessary to check the road-wheels of the vehicle during a roller brake test.
7. Care should be taken to ensure that tyres are free from mud, stones, oil, or water and that brake tester
rollers are in good condition to ensure that premature wheel slip does not occur.
8. The use of a roller brake tester is not appropriate on hybrid vehicles or on vehicles with a permanently
engaged four wheel drive, limited slip differential or belt driven transmission.
9. Where a vehicle cannot be tested on a roller brake tester because of additional spoilers fitted, they must
be removed by the owner/presenter before the test. A decelerometer test will not suffice in
this situation.
10.In the case of a vehicle which attains the braking effort specified in Roadworthiness Directive for vehicles
tested at their Design Gross Vehicle Weight but does not attain the braking effort specified in the Road
Traffic (National Car Test) Regulations when tested at the test[ed] weight but complies with every other
requirement of the service brake performance test, if the applicant for the test supplies proof that the
vehicle has braking type approval to European Economic Community Directive 71/320/EEC and proof
of the Design Gross Vehicle Weight of the vehicle to the Road Safety Authority then the Road Safety
Authority will consider whether the vehicle should be retested.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
SERVICE BRAKE PERFORMANCE
Method of Testing
Decelerometer Test
If the vehicle is of a type that cannot be tested on the roller brake test machine it should be subject to a decelerometer
test as follows:
1. With the vehicle on a reasonably level road place the decelerometer on the floor of the vehicle and following the
manufacturer’s instructions set it in the zero position.
2. Have the vehicle driven at a speed of approximately 20 – 30 M.P.H. (32 – 48 km/h). Have the service brake applied firmly and
note the reading on the decelerometer.
ITEM
Service Brake
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 The braking effort
a) for vehicles first registered before 28 July 2010 is less
than 55% of the test weight of the vehicle.
b) for vehicles first registered on or after 28 July 2010 is
less than 58% of the test weight of the vehicle.
2 Brake cannot be operated progressively.
3 Brake shows abnormal lag when released.
4 Brake effort on any wheel is less than 25kgf.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
SERVICE BRAKE IMBALANCE
Method of Testing
1.
Normally this test and the service brake performance test will be carried out concurrently and the same general precautions
apply (see ‘Method of Testing’ and ‘Notes’ for service brake performance).
2. Roller Brake Test
With the roller brake test machine driving the wheels of each axle in turn, apply the service brake slowly and note the braking
effort indicated from the brake on each road-wheel.
3. Road Test (if carried out)
Where a road test is carried out, this should be done in traffic-free circumstances at a speed of 48km/h (30mph).
Note whether the vehicle pulls to one side when the brakes are applied and if there is any evidence of brake
drum/disc ovality.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Wheels on Same Axle
1 More than 30% difference in braking effort (i.e. the
braking effort on one side should not be less than
70% of the braking effort on the other side).
Individual Wheel
2 Brake effort fluctuates by more than 30%.
Road Test (where carried out)
3 Obvious pull to one side when brakes are applied.
4 Perceptible ovality.
NOTE
Imbalance should not be considered where L/H
and R/H brake efforts are at or below 40kgf.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
PARKING BRAKE PERFORMANCE
Method of Testing
Roller Brake Test
1. Normally this test will follow the service brake test and the same general precautions apply (see ‘Method of Testing’ and
‘Notes’ for Service Brake Performance).
2. With the roller brake test machine driving each road-wheel, apply the parking brake slowly until each road-wheel is just at
the point of slip relative to the rollers, or until sufficient braking is achieved – whichever occurs first. Note the braking effort
indicated from the brake of each road-wheel, and calculate the total braking available. Calculate the braking efficiency as a
percentage of the vehicle test weight.
3. If the parking brake is a transmission brake, all wheels on the axle that are braked by the transmission brake must be driven by
the roller brake test machine at the same time.
Decelerometer Test
If the vehicle is of a type which cannot be tested on the roller brake test machine, it should be subject to a decelerometer
test as follows:
• With the vehicle on a reasonably level road, place the decelerometer on the floor of the vehicle. Follow the manufacturer’s
instructions and set it in the zero position.
• Drive the vehicle at a speed of approximately 32km/h (20mph). Apply the parking brake and note the reading
on the decelerometer.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Vehicles first registered before the
1st July 1964 with a single line
brake system
1 Braking effort less than 20% of the test weight of the vehicle.
Vehicles first registered on or after
1st July 1964 with a single line
braking system
2 Braking effort less than 27.5% of the test weight of the vehicle.
Vehicles with a dual line
braking system
3 Braking effort less than 16% of the test weight of the vehicle.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
PARKING BRAKE IMBALANCE
Method of Testing
1. Normally this test and the parking brake performance test will be carried out concurrently and the same general precautions
apply (this test is not relevant to transmission type parking brakes).
Roller Brake Test
2. With the roller brake machine driving all the wheels of each axle in turn, apply the parking brake and note the braking effort
indicated from the brake of each road-wheel.
ITEM
Wheels on Same Axle
REASONS FOR FAILURE
More than 50% difference in braking power between wheels.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
TOWING BRACKET/COUPLING
Method of Testing
NOTES
1. This inspection applies only where a vehicle is fitted with equipment for towing trailers.
2. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to the coupling may require a modifications report
to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
Drawing Coupling
1. Examine the drawing vehicle coupling ball/jaw and pin. Note the condition of these components and ensure that they are free
from excessive wear, distortion and/or fracture.
2. Check the body of the coupling for wear, distortion or cracks.
3. Examine the cross/chassis member to which the coupling is mounted, paying particular attention to security and cracks.
4. Check that the coupling assembly is securely attached to the vehicle.
5. Check that locking or safety devices are in position and working correctly.
6. Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out to the coupling.
ITEM
Vehicle Drawing Pin/Ball/Jaw
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Loose or missing fastening bolts or securing devices.
2 Lock or blocking devices missing.
3 Cracks in the main parts of the coupling.
4 Excessively worn, deformed or damaged ball, jaw or pin.
5 Any obviously unsafe repair or modification.
42
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
STOP LAMPS
Method of Testing
With the ignition and rear lights switched on, apply the service brake and check the stop lights for visibility, colour,
intensity and security.
NOTES
1. For the third (high) brake lamp, Reason for Failure (5) does not apply.
2. Additional stop lamps (other than those fitted by the vehicle manufacturer) are not part of the test.
ITEM
Stop Lamps
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Missing or not clearly visible.
2 Not working or faulty.
3 Not brighter than tail lights.
4 Not red in colour.
5 Not of same dimensions and intensity.*
6 Insecurely mounted.
7 Lens missing or broken (crack separated or white light showing).
8 Contains water / moisture.
9 Switch does not operate correctly.
* This does not apply to third (high) brake lamps.
Note: For LED matrix lamps, incur a fail for reason (2) above if
less than 50% of LEDs are working in any single unit matrix.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REAR LAMPS
Method of Testing
1.
Check that two lamps are fitted symmetrically to the rear of the vehicle.
2.
Check that, when in use, each rear lamp provides a red light which is clearly visible.
ITEM
Rear Lamps
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Not working or faulty.
2 Missing or not clearly visible.
3 Not red in colour.
4 Lens broken (crack separated or white light showing) or missing.
5 Not of the same dimensions and intensity.
6 Insecurely mounted.
7 Not fitted symmetrically.
8 Contains water / moisture.
9 Switch does not operate correctly.
Note: For LED matrix lamps, fail for reason (1) above if less
than 50% of LEDs are working in any single unit matrix.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
INDICATORS/TELL TALES
Method of Testing
Switch on the direction indicators and check that:
1. each indicator is working correctly and is clearly visible.
2. each indicator is of the correct colour and securely mounted.
3. there is a way for the driver to be readily aware from his seat that each direction indicator is functioning.
NOTES
1. The presence and operation of ‘four way flashers’ or hazard warning flashers is not a part of the test.
Where “repeater” indicators are fitted as standard equipment, these must be working.
ITEM
Indicators
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Missing, not fitted symmetrically or not clearly visible.
2 Not working or faulty.
3 Not flashing constantly between 60 and 120
flashes per minute (flashing type).
4 Insecurely mounted.
5 Lens broken or missing.
6 Contains water / moisture.
Post-June 1964
7 Not amber in colour.
Pre-July 1964
8 Front indicators – not amber or white in colour.
9 Rear indicators – not amber or red in colour.
10 Where only one indicator (on each side) is used for front and rear:
(a)Not amber in colour.
(b)Does not extend six inches beyond the outline of the vehicle
(semaphore type only).
Switch
11 Faulty.
Tell Tale (lights or audible indicator)
12 Missing.
13 Not working or faulty.
Note: An indicator switch that does not self
cancel is not a reason for failure.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
SIDE LAMPS (Front Position Lamps)
Method of Testing
Side Lamps
Check that the two lamps showing a white light are fitted symmetrically to the front of the vehicle and:
1. when illuminated are clearly visible.
2. are securely fixed.
NOTES
1. When a side lamp is incorporated in a yellow headlamp, effectively producing a yellow side lamp,
this is acceptable. In this case, the lamps on both sides of the vehicle must be the same colour.
2. In order to distinguish between a Daytime Running Light (DRL) and another type of light
e.g. a fog light, the markings on the light, where visible, should be examined. An “E” mark
followed by the letters “RL” signifies that the light fitted is a type approved DRL.
A fog light may have the letters “B” or “F3” for example.
ITEM
Side Lamps
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Missing or not clearly visible.
2 Lens broken or missing.
3 Not working or faulty.
4 Not white in colour.
5 Not fitted symmetrically.
6 Not of the same dimensions and intensity.
7 Insecurely mounted.
8 Contains water / moisture.
9 For Lights other than Daytime Running Lights
- Switch does not operate correctly
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
HEADLAMP CONDITION
Method of Testing
1.
With the headlamps switched to main or dipped beams, check that each headlamp shows a light of the same colour (white or
yellow) of such intensity as to sufficiently illuminate the road in front of the vehicle.
2.
Check the condition and colour of the headlamp glass and reflectors.
3.
Check the operation and security of the headlamp, dip switch and the headlamp main beam warning light.
4.
Where HID (High Intensity Discharge) bulbs are fitted switch on the headlights and check that cleaning devices (where required)
such as headlamp wipers or high pressure water jets are present and work. Check where possible that the headlamp levelling
device is working.
NOTES
1. Headlamps should consist of either two or four lamps, or one lamp in the case of an electric vehicle
incapable of exceeding 40km/h (24mph).
2. Headlamps are not required to be e-marked.
3. Where a dipped beam is so far out of focus that it cannot be picked up by the headlamp tester, then it
should be failed.
4. HID headlamps must be installed as a complete type-approved system. The system will include automatic
cleaning. HID headlamps can be recognised by:
a) the light having a bluish tinge,
b) the light taking a few seconds to reach full intensity,
c) the headlamp having an igniter module/inverter behind the headlamp,
d)the headlamp having ”DC” (for HID dipped beam), “DR” (for HID main beam), or “DCR” (if both are HID)
marked on the lens. This marking should be visible from the exterior of the vehicle but in some cases
the markings may be hidden under the bonnet and this may need opening to obtain a clear view.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Main or Dipped Beams
1 Dipped beams not working simultaneously.
2 Main beams not working simultaneously.
3 Not working.
Glass, Bulb and Reflecting Material
4 Intensity not acceptable.
5 Glass badly cracked or missing.
6 Reflecting material damaged/discoloured.
Head Lamps
7 Missing.
8 Insecurely mounted.
9 Contains water / moisture.
Dip or Headlamp Switch
10 Insecurely mounted or missing.
11 Defective.
Dipped Beam
12 Headlamps dipping to the right.
Colour
13 Not white or yellow (refers to all lamps).
Main Beam Warning Light
14 Not working.
Headlamp and Bulb
15 HID bulb fitted in a non-HID headlamp.
HID Lamps
16Automatic headlamp levelling device not operating or manual
headlamp levelling device cannot be operated from driver’s seat.
17 Headlamp cleaning device (where required) not present.
18 Headlamp cleaning device (where required) not operating.
Note: For the second item above (Glass, Bulb and Reflecting
Material), ’glass’ refers to the headlamp lens or outer cover
even if the material is not glass e.g. polycarbonate.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
HEADLAMP AIM
Method of Testing
Align the headlamp beam-setter in front of each headlamp in turn, and with the headlamp emitting the dipped beam or the main
beam as appropriate (see Notes below), determine the % gradient of the highest intensity of the beam relative to the plane on
which the vehicle is standing.
NOTES
1. Headlamps fall into three categories as follows:
i European Type Headlamp – checked on dip beam (see figure 1 for method of test).
ii British-American Type Headlamp – checked on dip beam (see figure 2 for method of test).
iii British-American Type Headlamp – checked on main beam (see figure 3 for method of test).
2. Tyre pressures should be checked and corrected if necessary before the headlamp aim is checked.
The vehicle and the beam-setter should be located on the special headlamp aim checking area within
the test premises.
3. Any headlamp range adjuster must be in the basic setting.
4. If a vehicle is presented with left hand drive headlamps and beam masks, the masks must be installed to
ensure they effectively block any light projection above the 0% horizontal reference line. This would then
show a pattern similar to a mirror image of Fig. 2 and can be checked as on that guide.
5. On vehicles fitted with hydropneumatic suspension, the engine must be idling during this test.
6. The vehicle should be tested without a person in the driver’s seat. If the reading is 0.2% to the limit
(between -0.4% and -0.2%), the test should be carried out with an occupant in the seat. This reading will
be stored in the test results.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
European Type Headlamp (checked on
dip beam)
1 For headlamps whose centre is not more than 850mm above the
ground, the horizontal cut-off line does not lie between the 0.5%
and 2% horizontal lines.
2 For headlamps whose centre is more than 850mm from the ground,
the horizontal cut-off line does not lie between the 1.25% and
2.75% horizontal lines.
3 The junction of the 15° cut-off and horizontal cut-off line does not
lie between the 0% and 2% vertical lines.
British-American Type Headlamp
(checked on dip beam)
4 The upper edge of the hot spot does not lie between the 0% and
2.75% horizontal lines.
5 The right hand edge of the hot spot does not lie between the 0%
and 2% vertical lines.
British-American Type Headlamp
(checked on main beam)
6 For headlamps whose centre is not more than 850mm above the
ground, the hot spot centre does not lie between the 0% and 2%
horizontal lines.
7 For headlamps whose centre is more than 850mm above the
ground, the hot spot centre does not lie between the 0% and 2.75%
horizontal lines.
8 The centre of the hot spot does not lie between the 0% and 2%
vertical lines.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
HEADLAMP AIM
European Type Headlamp – checked on dipped beam.
The lens may be circular, rectangular or trapezoidal in shape. It will usually have a segment shaped pattern moulded into the
glass. It may be marked with a ‘2’ and an arrow, or a ‘C’ above either an ‘E’ or ‘e’. On dipped beam, it will produce a pattern
similar to the figure below.
.
0-850mm
15
O
0.5%
2%
1.25%
2.75%
0%
850mm+
2%
Figure 1
0%
Check on dipped beam and determine that:
1. The junction of the 15° cut-off and horizontal cut-off lines lie between the 0% and 2% vertical lines.
2. The position of the horizontal cut-off line must lie between:
(i) the 0.5% and 2.0% boundary lines – shown on the screen in Green – for head lamps whose centre is not more than 850mm
above the ground;.
(ii) the 1.25% and 2.75% boundary lines – shown on the screen in Blue – for headlamps whose centre is more than 850mm
above the ground.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
HEADLAMP AIM
British-American Type Headlamp – checked on dipped beam.
The lens is usually circular and of a sealed beam construction. It may be marked with an ‘E’ or a ‘2’ and may also have an arrow.
On dipped beam, it will produce a pattern similar to the figure below.
.
0%
2.75%
Area of
Maximum Intensity
2%
Figure 2
0%
Check on the dipped beam and determine that:
1. the upper edge of the hot spot lies between the 0% and 2.75% horizontal lines shown on the screen.
2. the right hand edge of the hot spot lies between the 0% and 2% vertical lines.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
HEADLAMP AIM
British-American Type Headlamp –checked on main beam.
The lens of this type of headlamp is circular and likely to be of the sealed beam construction. It may be marked with a ‘1’ and an
arrow. It will not have a ‘C’ above either an ‘E’ or ‘e’. The dipped beam pattern will not match either of the figures shown on the
previous pages but the main beam will be similar to the figure below.
0-850mm
0%
Area of
Maximum Intensity
850mm+
2%
Figure 3
0%
Check on main beam and determine that:
1. the centre of the hot spot lies between the 0% and 2% vertical lines.
2. for headlamps whose centre is not more than 850mm above the ground, the hot spot centre lies between the 0% and 2%
horizontal lines.
3. for headlamps whose centre is more than 850mm above the ground, the hot spot centre lies between the 0% and 2.75%
horizontal lines.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
AUXILIARY LAMP CONDITION AND POSITION
Method of Testing
1.
Check that each auxiliary lamp fitted is securely and correctly fixed to the vehicle.
2.
Check that the switching mechanism is functioning correctly and that any auxiliary lamps set in the headlamp main beam
position are extinguished when the headlamp dipped beams are brought into operation.
NOTES
1. Where auxiliary lamps are found to be inoperative, this should not be considered a reason for failure.
2. A broken glass on an auxiliary lamp or fog lamp is not a reason for failure unless the crack or break is
large enough to insert a sheet of paper as used in the test.
ITEM
Front Fog Lamp
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Incorrectly positioned (see page 53).
2 Insecurely mounted.
3 Switch defective or does not operate lamp independently
of side light.
4 Not white or yellow.
Auxiliary Lamp
(Spot or long range lamp)
5 Incorrectly positioned (see diagram).
6 Insecurely mounted.
7 Switch defective or does not operate lamp independently
of side light.
8 Not white or yellow.
9 Auxiliary lamp set in main beam position and does not
extinguish when dipped beams are brought into operation.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
AUXILIARY LAMP CONDITION AND POSITION
800mm
250mm
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
AUXILIARY LAMP AIM
Method of Testing
Align the headlamp beamsetter in front of each lamp in turn, and determine the direction of the highest intensity of the beam
relative to the plane on which the vehicle is standing.
NOTES
1. The agreed procedure if there are auxiliary and fog lamps installed: Auxiliary light – carry out in the high
beam position.
2. Where a vehicle is fitted with an auxiliary lamp and a fog lamp the requirement is to check both lamps.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Fog Lamp
1 The upper edge of the beam is above the 2% horizontal line.
Auxiliary Lamp
(spot or long range lamp)
2 The hot spot centre does not lie below the 0% horizontal line.
3 The centre of the hot spot does not lie between
the 0% and 2% vertical lines.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REFLECTORS
Method of Testing
Rear Reflectors (required on all vehicles)
1. Check that two red reflectors are fitted symmetrically to the rear of the vehicle.
2. Check that each reflector is secure, complete and operates in an effective manner.
Side Reflectors (if fitted)
3. Side reflectors, if fitted, must be amber in colour; however, the rearmost side retro-reflector can be red if it is grouped or has
part of the light emitting surface in common with the rear position lamp, the rear end-outline marker lamp, the rear fog lamp,
the stop-lamp or the red rearmost side-marker lamp.
ITEM
Rear Reflectors
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 One or both missing or ineffective.
2 Not red in colour.
3 Seriously damaged.
4 Not matching in size and appearance.
5 Insecurely mounted.
6 Not fitted symmetrically.
Side Reflectors (if fitted)
7 Not amber in colour.
Note: See note on Side Reflectors (above) for exception.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
BODYWORK
Method of Testing
1. Examine primary structural components (including floor pan) for cracks, security, damage or rust. Check where repairs have
been carried out that there is an engineer’s report stating that the original strength and safety of the vehicle has not been
compromised and that any welding or brazing has been carried out using good engineering practice. Check from both front
and rear that the body is sitting squarely. Examine all secondary structural components for security, rust or jagged edges.
Check that bumpers, guards and body panels are secure and not likely to injure pedestrians or other road users.
2. Check that fumes are unlikely to enter the vehicle e.g. torn gear lever boots.
3. Check that the bonnet and boot lid catches are operating properly. In the case of front opening bonnets, ensure that the safety
catch is fitted and operating properly.
4. Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out to the body work.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
BODYWORK
NOTES
1. Corrosion
The effect of corrosion on the safety of the vehicle depends on its extent and the location where it
has occurred. A small amount of corrosion (other than surface rust) on an important part of the vehicle
structure can make a vehicle unsafe where it destroys the continuity of the load bearing structure.
On the other hand, heavy corrosion of unimportant sections may have no effect on the vehicle safety.
2. Detecting Rust in Vehicles
Since advanced rust is almost always associated with an eruption of oxidised metal and pitting or
bubbling of paint, a visual inspection is usually adequate to determine its presence. However, this
method may not be adequate in all cases. In underbody areas prone to rust, such as steering and
suspension mounting points and major structural components which include chassis, floor, structural
sills and sub frames, the presence of rust should be checked using thumb pressure or by tapping with
a Corrosion Assessment Tool. Care should be taken to avoid damage to panels or paint work not rust
affected in any way. When checking for advanced rust, particular attention should be paid to seam
welds and spot welds. These frequently corrode through from the interior and can result in the eventual
detachment of panels. Any panel which is made insecure by such corrosion must be repaired even if it is
an area of the component where rust holes are not an immediate danger.
3. Classification of Rust
The extent of corrosion can range from light surface rust to the total breakdown of parent metal.
In general, the formation of rust and resultant loss of metal occurs in areas which retain moisture,
because of a build-up of road dirt and mud etc. The extent of corrosion is classified in three stages.
Stage 1 – Surface Rust
Light, powdery corrosion on the surface of a section of metal is termed surface rust.
Surface rust can occur on or behind any body panel, particularly if the protective coating is
scratched or damaged.
Surface Rust
Rust removable by rubbing. When
cleaned it reveals a smooth clean
surface.
PARENT METAL
Advanced Rust
Rust concentration or pits.
Removal leaves pit marks which
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Surface Rust
NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
Rust removable by rubbing. When
cleaned it reveals a smooth clean
surface.
BODYWORK
Surface Rust
NOTES
Rust
Stage
2 – Advanced
removable
by Rust
rubbing. When
Surface rust, if left unattended, will develop into an advanced form of corrosion which can usually be
cleaned it reveals a smooth clean
seen as an eruption of oxidised metal, either on bare metal or under paint. This eruption occurs because
surface.
the rust reaction
involves
an increase in volume which causes pitting or bubbling of paint.
PARENT
METAL
An example of a section affected by advanced rust is illustrated below.
Advanced
Rust
PARENT METAL
Rust concentration or pits.
Removal leaves pit marks which
can only be eliminated by removal
of parent metal.
Advanced Rust
Rust concentration or pits.
Removal leaves pit marks which
can only bePARENT
eliminatedMETAL
by removal
of parent metal.
Stage 3 – Extensive Rust
The final stage of the corrosion process is the formation of a heavy encrustation of oxidised metal
which completely replaces the parent metal. This results in a hole or series of holes in the body panel
or structural member of the vehicle when the rust is removed. This category of rust can usually only be
METAL
rectified byPARENT
replacement
of the affected body panels and parts. The illustration below shows a section
affected
Rust
flakesby- extensive
removalrust.
of which
Extensive Rust
leaves a very rough or holed
surface. Pits go right through and
cause eruption on far side.
Extensive Rust
Rust flakes - removal of which
leaves a very rough or holed
surface. PitsPARENT
go right through
METALand
cause eruption on far side.
PARENT METAL
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
BODYWORK
NOTES
4. Vehicle Structures
Vehicle structural components can be categorised according to their importance to safety.
Primary Structure
Primary structure includes any structure or component which, if it collapsed, would make the vehicle
uncontrollable or would considerably reduce occupant safety in the event of an accident. Only surface
rust is acceptable in primary structure components. Any part of a load bearing member or load bearing
panelling should be considered a reason for failure if it is weakened by corrosion to the extent that:
• By finger and thumb pressure it does not feel rigid, or
• It crumbles to leave a hole, or
• When evaluated using correct methods and using Corrosion Assessment Tool, the metal crumbles
or disintegrates.
Typical Primary Structure Components
The weakening of any of these components can lead either to a crash or make the outcome of a
crash much worse;
Primary Body Structure
6
7
8
7
10
1
9
10
2
1. Main structural members such as
subframes and chassis rails.
2. Suspension mountings and parts.
3. Steering component mounting points.
4. Door sills and pillars.
5. Door hinges and latch mounting points.
6. Seat anchorage points.
7. Seat belt anchorage points.
8. All floor panels.
9. Boot floor.
10. Bulkheads.
2
3
4
5
1
10
1
Secondary Structure
3
The second category2 includes any structure or component which, if it collapsed, would not immediately
affect a vehicle’s controllability. Normally, surface rust or advanced
rust in these structures or
1
components would not make the vehicle unsafe. Extensive rust in these components is usually either
hazardous to people in or near the vehicle because of its sharp edges or because exhaust fumes may
escape into the vehicle. In such cases, this type of rust would make the vehicle unsafe.
1. Wings or bumpers.
2. Roof.
3. Bootlid, bonnet and doors (areas
Typical Secondary Components
within 100 mm of mounting and locking
Extensive rust in these components can be hazardous to vehicle occupants
andare
other
roadstructures
users. and must be
points
primary
free of advanced or extensive rust).
59
8. All floor panels.
9. Boot floor.
10. Bulkheads.
35
NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
2
BODYWORK
3
4
Secondary Body Structure
1
5
10
3
2
1
1. Wings or bumpers.
2. Roof.
3. Bootlid, bonnet and doors (areas
within 100 mm of mounting and locking
points are primary structures and must be
free of advanced or extensive rust).
1
3
3
1
Type of Corrosion
CATEGORY OF STRUCTURE
Primary
Secondary
Acceptable
Acceptable
Advanced rust
Not Acceptable
Acceptable*
5. How to determine if a vehicle is safe
Extensive rust
Not Acceptable
Not Acceptable
Surface rust
*Provided there are no sharp edges
TYPE OF CORROSION
CATEGORY OF STRUCTURE
Primary
Secondary
Surface Rust
Acceptable
Acceptable
Advanced Rust
Not Acceptable
Acceptable*
Extensive Rust
Not Acceptable
Not Acceptable**
* Areas within 100 mm of hinges and locks (e.g. bootlid, bonnet and doors), are considered primary structures and must be free of advanced and extensive rust.
** Extensive rust is not acceptable in secondary components, if it renders the component hazardous to
persons in or near the vehicle eg. sharp edges, loose panels, or in the case of exhaust fumes,
leakage of exhaust gases into the passenger compartment.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
BODYWORK
NOTES
6. Repairs
Repairs made to primary structure components solely by using body filling compounds are not
acceptable. Repairs should be made by completely welding in new metal of the same gauge as that of
the manufactured component. However, plastic filler or fibreglass can be used to cosmetically smooth
a non-structural component.
Extensive rust in structural members can only be repaired by replacing the affected member or by
completely removing all rusted material and reinforcing it so that the original strength of the affected
structural member is re-established.
7. An unsafe repair or modification
An unsafe repair or modification carried out to the body structure may require a modifications report to
be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
8. Any superficial damage which does not affect the strength of the component, and is not likely to injure
other road users should not be regarded as a defect
9. A missing or damaged mud flap is not a reason for failure.
10.The judgement to be made is whether or not the manufacturer’s original strength has been maintained.
Where a manufacturer has used brazing in some area of the manufacturing process, repairs using a
similar process and to a similar standard of workmanship is acceptable. Using brazing to repair chassis
members is not acceptable.
11.The bodywork check includes an examination of the boot. Where this cannot be opened or contains
items which would make the examination difficult, the bodywork check is considered to have not been
completed and the vehicle cannot be passed.
12.Glued structural components are not acceptable unless they are consistent with the manufacturer’s
design and to a similar standard.
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BODYWORK
ITEM
Bodywork
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Primary structural components broken, cracked, insecure,
damaged or rusted to an advanced stage.
2 Secondary structural components missing, insecure, rusted
or damaged to such an extent as to leave sharp edges.
3 Body not sitting squarely due to distortion.
4 Bonnet or boot catches defective or bonnet
safety catch missing or defective.
5 Bumper, bull guards, body strips insecure.
6 Permitting the entry of fumes from engine or exhaust.
Repairs/Alterations
7 Any obvious unsafe repair or modification. For example; Primary
structural components repaired in such a manner that the
original strength of the component has not been maintained
(e.g. use of fillers to repair structural component.)
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
TYRE CONDITION
Method of Testing
1. Check whether the tyre tread appears to have been recut.
2. Check visually that the tyre is correctly seated on the wheel rim.
3. Examine the tyre for:
(a) any cut or break in the fabric.
(b) any lump or bulge.
(c) any exposure of the ply or cord structure.
4. Examine the valve stem for distortion or chafing.
NOTES
1. Any tyre or wheel examination must be performed with the vehicle raised on the lift to ensure that all
parts of the wheel and tyre can be examined thoroughly.
2. Examination is confined to tyres fitted to the road wheels. If, however, any defect on a tyre carried on a
spare wheel is seen, the driver should be advised.
3. Tyres designed for recutting or regrooving will normally be marked as regroovable.
4. The evidence of any tyre wear or damage in the full lock and full suspension bounce conditions should be
noted when making the ratings above (see also Reasons for Failure No. 29 steering linkage).
ITEM
Tyre Structure
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Evidence of recutting of tread pattern where
tyre is not suitable for recutting.
2 Incorrectly seated on wheel rim.
3 Any cut longer than 25mm or 10% of section width (whichever is
shorter) and which is deep enough to reach the ply or cords.
4 Rupture in or exposure of ply or cord structure, tread lifting,
lump or bulge caused by separation of rubber from cords or
weakness in cord structure, or tread distorted or damaged.
Valve
5 Obvious damage or distortion of the valve stem.
6 Valve stem chafing against valve hole.
Repairs
7 Repair plug fitted in the sidewall.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
TYRE SPECIFICATION
Method of Testing
1. Check that tyres on the same axle are of the same size, aspect ratio(Note 3 on next page) and type (i.e. cross-ply,
radial-ply, run-flat, winter or summer).
2. Check that the speed rating of each tyre is suitable for the maximum legal speed limit for the vehicle.
3. Check that each tyre fitted on the vehicle has an E-mark or e-mark.
4. Check that the structure of the tyres fitted to an individual axle are the same, with the exception being where cross-ply tyres
are fitted to the front and radial at the rear. Cross-ply tyres may not be fitted to the rear with radial tyres to the front.
3
2
4
5
1
6
7
9
8
10
#
MARKING
EXPLANATION
1
205
Tyre width in millimetres
2
55
Height-to-width ratio in percent. In this example, 55% of 205mm.
Also called the aspect ratio.
3
R
Radial construction
4
16
Inner rim diameter of the tyre in inches.
5
91
Service description: Load Index. Denotes the maximum approved load capacity
per individual tyre.
6
V
Service description: Speed symbol. Indicates the maximum speed for the tyre at
full load. In this case 241 kph (150 mph).
7
0204
Production date code (i.e. second week in 2004)
Type approval mark (ECE) designating country where issued (“E-mark”). There may
be a small “e” instead of or in addition to the “E” mark. The “e-mark” denotes EU
type approval. Either is acceptable.
8
E4
9
214336
Type approval number (ECE).
10
Outside
Asymmetric tyre marking. Where present indicates location of tyre on vehicle.
Not Shown
Arrow
Where present indicates direction of rotation.
NOTES
1. E-mark is to UNECE type approval specification. e-mark is to European Directive type approval.
Either is acceptable.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
TYRE SPECIFICATION
ITEM
Tyre Fitment
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Tyres fitted to the same axle are not of the same size,
aspect ratio or type ‘(i.e. cross-ply, radial-ply, runflat, winter or summer)” . See note 3 below.
2 Radial ply tyres are fitted to the front wheels
but not to the rear wheels.
3 Speed rating of tyres cannot be determined on inspection
or is insufficient for maximum legal speed limit.
4 Space saving tyre fitted on an axle.
5 Tyre protrudes beyond bodywork.
6 Tyre is not fit for purpose, e.g. marked “For Trailer Use Only” or similar.
Direction and Location
7 Any tyre fitted in the incorrect direction (directional
tyres) or wrong side out (asymmetrical tyres).
Tyre type approval
8 An E-mark or e-mark is not visible on the tyre.
NOTES
1. A test should not be carried out on a vehicle with a space-saving tyre fitted on any corner.
2. Any tyre or wheel examination must be performed with the vehicle raised on the lift to ensure that all
parts of the wheel and tyre can be examined thoroughly.
3. Unless marked otherwise, “standard” car tyres have a nominal aspect ratio of 82%. Some tyres have an
aspect ratio of 80%. These have “/80” included in their size marking e.g. 165/80 R1 3.
4. Tyres with aspect ratios of 80% and 82% are almost identical in size and can be safely mixed in any
configuration on a vehicle. Where this is done, Reason for Failure (1) does not apply.
5. M+S tyres are not considered a winter tyre unless labelled as such by the presence of a winter tyre
symbol on the sidewall of the tyre.
All winter tyres are labelled on the sidewall with a symbol of a snowflake inside a mountain. M+S tyres
are available in both a winter and summer compound. A regular M+S tyre will be labelled with the letters
M+S on the sidewall while a winter M+S tyre will bear the winter symbol in addition to the M+S lettering.
Where an M+S tyre (without the snowflake symbol) is fitted on the same axle as a normal summer tyre,
provided it is of the same size and aspect ratio, it is not considered a reason for failure.
However, where a tyre bearing the snowflake symbol (i.e. a winter tyre) is fitted on the same axle as a
normal summer tyre, it is a reason for failure.
6. Reason for failure No. 8 above does not apply to vehicles (including SPSV’s) first registered prior
to 1 January 1980.
7. Reason for failure No. 3 above does not apply to vehicles manufactured prior to 1 January 1970.
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TYRE TREAD
Method of Testing
Check with a tyre tread depth gauge, that the central three-quarters of the tread pattern has a depth of at least 1.6 millimetres
around the full circumference of the tyre.
NOTES
1. Any tyre or wheel examination must be performed with the vehicle raised on the lift to ensure that all
parts of the wheel and tyre can be examined thoroughly.
2. Where the pattern is interrupted by tread wear indicators but has at least 1.6mm overall tread depth, the
tyre concerned should not be failed for inadequate tread-depth.
3. The tread pattern means the combination of plain surfaces and groves extending across the breadth of
the tread but excludes any tread wear indicators or features which are designed to wear out substantially
before the rest of the pattern under normal conditions of use.
4. The owner should be advised of any tyre with a tread depth of less than 3mm or, where the date of
manufacture is obvious on the tyre (No 7 on the tyre illustration in Item 37), a tyre older than
six years.
ITEM
Depth of Tread
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Depth of less than 1 .6mm in the central three-quarters of the
tread pattern.
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WHEELS
Method of Testing
1. Make an inspection of each part of the road wheel, paying particular attention to whether there is:
(a) any fracture of flanges.
(b) any welding breaking away.
(c) any wheel badly distorted.
(d) any stud hole badly worn.
(e) any wheel stud missing.
(f) any wheel nut missing.
(g) any wheel nut loose.
(h) any wheel spokes missing or loose.
2. Check that the correct type of wheel and wheel nut is fitted.
NOTES
1. Any tyre or wheel examination must be performed with the vehicle raised on the lift to ensure that all
parts of the wheel and tyre can be examined thoroughly.
2. Where an owner refuses to allow the wheel covers of the vehicle to be removed, the vehicle should be
refused a certificate on the basis that the wheel nuts have not been inspected.
ITEM
Wheels
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Any cracks or defective welds.
2 More than 13mm (½”) askew or buckled.
3 Incorrectly fitted.
4 Damaged, so that tyre damage or seal damage is possible.
5 Different sizes fitted on the same axle.
6 Any spoke or wheel component in such a
condition that there is a danger of failure.
Stud Holes
7 Elongated, or damaged.
Studs or Nuts
8 Damaged or threads stripped or crossed.
9 Any stud or nut missing or loose.
10 Any stud or nut in such a condition that there is an
obvious danger that the wheel will come loose.
11 Nuts incorrectly fitted.
12 Incorrect nuts fitted.
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SPARE WHEEL AND CARRIER (External Carrier Only)
Method of Testing
1. Examine the spare wheel carrier, if fitted, for security of attachment to vehicle.
2. Examine the mounting points and the structure of the carrier to see that they are free from fractures.
3. If there is a spare wheel in the carrier, check that this is securely held in the carrier.
NOTES
1. Defects in a spare wheel tyre should not be considered a reason for failure.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Spare Wheel Carrier (if fitted)
1 Cracked or insecurely mounted.
Spare Wheel
2 Insecurely held.
Note: Where a spare wheel (other than a space saver wheel)
is supplied by a vehicle manufacturer for a particular make
and model, then it should be accepted as suitable provided
it is not speed restricted to less than 120 km/h (75 mph).
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BRAKE FLUID
Method of Testing
1. Examine the brake fluid reservoir for fluid level, leaks and condition of fluid.
NOTES
1. If the brake fluid cannot be easily seen without removing the reservoir cap, then the cap must be
removed for inspection.
ITEM
Reservoir
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Less than 1⁄2 full or below manufacturers “minimum” level.
2 Leaking or cap missing.
3 Fluid obviously dirty or contaminated.
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CHASSIS/UNDERBODY
Method of Testing
1. Examine main chassis/sub-frame/underbody members for deformation and/or fractures and/or advanced corrosion
(see Page 57 for criteria on corrosion).
2. Examine cross members for deformation and/or fractures and/or advanced corrosion.
3. Examine the welding and/or securing bolts/rivets for soundness and security.
4. Examine frame/cross member junctions for indications of movement.
5. Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out to the chassis or underbody.
NOTES
1. The extent of this inspection is limited to that part of the chassis/sub-frame or underbody which can
readily be seen without dismantling any part of the vehicle.
2. Pay particular attention to a chassis or underbody which is encrusted with dirt. There may be cracks or
fractures in high stress areas obscured by this dirt.
3. Pay particular attention to areas around spring and running gear mountings.
4. Page 71 indicates the main chassis members of typical vehicle construction.
5. Where misalignment is suspected it may be necessary to confirm that the frame/chassis is within the
manufacturer’s tolerances.
6. Some cars (e.g. rally) may be fitted with additional non-standard underbody protection. If this covering
inhibits proper inspection more than the manufacturer’s area of cover, it is the responsibility of the
owner/presenter to make components accessible for inspection, otherwise the vehicle will fail due to the
lack of accessibility.
7. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to the chassis or underbody may require a modifications
report to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
ITEM
Chassis/Sub-frame/Underbody/
Flitch Plates
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Welds breaking away.
2 Cracked, insecure or pronounced misalignment.
3 Loose rivets/bolts/bent members.
4 Considerably weakened by holes.
5 Advanced corrosion or other damage.
6 Repairs or modifications obviously not in line
with manufacturer’s recommendations.
Note: While the NCTS manual does not specify a continuous
weld, a judgement must be made as to whether the repair
maintains the manufacturer’s original strength.
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Main Chassis Members are shown in black.
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STEERING LINKAGE
Method of Testing
1. With the road wheels on the ground and the steering wheel rotated clockwise and anti-clockwise against the road resistance,
examine the steering mechanism from the point where it is secured to the chassis to the point where the steering arms are
secured to their fixings. For vehicles fitted with power steering, it may be necessary to have the engine running.
During this inspection check for:
(a) excessive wear at joints.
(b) fracture of or damage to components.
(c) insecure components.
2. With steered wheels off the ground (using the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended jacking points):
(a) check for fouling of wheels, tyres and components of the steering linkage with any part of the vehicle by rotating the
steering wheel through its full working range and also by examining likely fouling points for abrasion.
(b) while the steering wheel is being rotated, also check the steering column shaft and steering box/rack for stiffness or worn
or damaged bearings.
(c) note the amount of movement between the axle beam and the stub axle whilst each wheel in turn is rocked. Alternatively
a wheel play detector device may be used.
(d) note the amount of upward movement of the stub axle, whilst each wheel in turn is lifted with a bar placed underneath it.
(e) examine visible parts of the stub axle for condition and security.
(f) where possible, examine the king pin retaining device.
3. For Integral Power Steering;
Check by the feel on the steering wheel that the power steering is operating by rocking the steering wheel with the engine
running and the road wheels on the ground.
4. Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out to any steering components.
NOTES
1. All steered axles are to be examined.
2. If power steering is optional on the vehicle type concerned, and is fitted to the particular vehicle but has
been disconnected in such a way that it can have no adverse effect on the manual steering, this should
not be regarded as a defect.
3. Welding of steering parts other than by a manufacturer is not acceptable.
4. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to steering components may require a modifications report
to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
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STEERING LINKAGE
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Rack and Pinion Type Steering
1
2
3
4
5
6
Steering Box
7 Obvious stiffness or bearings damaged or worn.
8 Damaged, insecure or excessive end float in steering box shaft(s).
9 Axial or radial play, worn splines or shaft twisted.
Drop Arm/Drag Link
10 Damaged or insecure.
Drag Link and Track Rod Ends
11 Obviously worn or insecure.
Idler Assembly
12 Mounting obviously loose or axial or radial play.
Track Rod/Steering Arm
13 Obviously deformed, loose or cracked.
Kingpin/Bushes/Bearings
14 3mm play (1/8”) at wheel rim on 14” wheel, others pro-rata.
15 Excessive lift between stub axle and axle beam.
Stub Axle
16 Damaged or bent.
Retaining or Locking Devices e.g.
Split Pin, Nut, Rivet or Weld
17 Absent, insecure, worn or broken.
Steering Housing
18 Housing damaged or worn.
19 Mounting bolts missing or loose.
Components
20 Any steering component repaired by welding.
Steering Box, Rack or Steering Idler Box
21 Cracks or corrosion around attachment points.
Power Steering Function
22 Power assistance not available consistently over full lock
to lock range.
23 Missing or disconnected where power steering is a standard
fitment by the manufacturer on all vehicles of the vehicle type
(make and model) on test.
Power Steering Fluid Pipes/Leaks
24 Power steering fluid below minimum level.
25 Fluid pipes fouling other components.
26 Leaks present in power steering system.
Power Steering Pump
27 Worn, noisy, leaking or drive defective.
Oil Leaks (other than power steering)
28 Continuous oil leak from steering box/rack or steering damper.
Steering (including road wheels
and tyres)
29 Overlocking or underlocking or fouling any other component
on the vehicle.
Dust Covers
30 Dust cover is missing or severely deteriorated.
All Steering Components
31 Any obviously unsafe repair or modification.
Damaged or insecure.
Splines worn or damaged.
Bushes/bearings excessively worn.
Excessive end float in pinion.
Obvious stiffness .
Steering rack gaiter, insecure, split or missing.
Note: Certain vehicles have a built-in play in the steering rack
mounting bushes and this should be taken into consideration.
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WHEEL BEARINGS
Method of Testing
APPLIES TO ALL ROAD WHEELS
Raise the axle(s) of the wheels being examined so that they are clear of the ground.
1. Note the movement of the wheel relative to the axle or stub axle in order to assess the play in the wheel bearings, whilst each
wheel in turn is rocked.
2. Spin each wheel rapidly and listen for any roughness or harshness in the bearings.
3. The vehicle should be failed if a distinctive rumble or growl is heard that indicates the bearing is worn or damaged.
ITEM
Wheel Bearings or Hub
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Obviously too much play.
2 Too tight.
3 Bearings or hub are worn or damaged.
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FRONT SPRINGS
Method of Testing
Leaf Springs
1. Examine each spring for its general condition and in particular for fractures in the leaves, especially in the vicinity of the
anchor eye of the main leaf.
2. Note whether any spring is so weak that it is not holding the body sufficiently far away from the wheels.
3. Examine condition of spring eyes/bushes.
4. Check that no spring clamps are missing.
5. Check that the springs on each axle are symmetrically located.
6. Check that there is no movement of spring leaves denoting a fractured centre bolt.
7. Check that the attachments of the shackle/anchor brackets to the chassis are secure, looking for signs of movement of rivets or
bolts, and elongated holes.
8. Examine the bolts and/or nuts securing the spring to the axle for tightness, and examine the spring and axle for evidence that
these have been moving relative to each other.
Coil Springs
9. Examine each spring for its general condition and in particular for fractures.
10.Note whether any spring is so weak that it is not holding the body sufficiently far away from the wheels.
11.Examine the attachment of the coil springs for security.
Torsion Bars
12.Check torsion bars for fracture or damage.
13.Examine the attachment of the torsion bars.
Spring Pins and Bushes
14.Examine the amount of play due to wear at spring anchor brackets and pins of the spring shackles.
15.Examine the condition and security of any slipper brackets.
16.Check that the anchor/shackle pins are fully in place, that they are secure and that locking devices are in position and secure.
17.Examine the spring mountings for excessive side play.
Air and Fluid Suspension
18.Check for leaks and the condition of the supply lines and suspension bellows.
19.Check the condition of levelling valve linkages.
20.Examine the attachment of the suspension bellows for security.
21.Examine the attachments for security to frame and axle.
Bonded Suspension Units
22.Examine the bonding of the flexible element to its associated metal fixings.
23.Examine the condition of the flexible element by applying pressure.
24.Examine the attachments for security to frame and axle.
Spring (coil/leaf)/Torsion Bar
25.Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out
NOTES
1. A bush and/or pin would be considered excessively worn if wear exceeded 2mm (3⁄32”) for 13mm (1⁄2”)
diameter pins, others pro rata.
2. Caution should be exercised in the case of springs and suspensions with rubber/compliant mountings
where the amount of free movement in new components might well exceed the above limit. In such
cases the manufacturer’s tolerances should be sought. Observation of the vehicle attitude when
stationary can often reveal the effect of exhausted or broken springs, e.g. vehicle “sitting down” at front.
3. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to the spring (coil/leaf)/torsion bar may require
a modifications report to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
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FRONT SPRINGS
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Spring (coil/leaf)/Torsion Bar
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Worn or exhausted.
Any spring leaf broken, repaired by welding or missing.
Spring fitted incorrectly.
Spring clamps missing.
U-bolts loose or missing.
A coil spring or torsion bar broken.
Any obviously unsafe repair or modification
Spring Mounting or Torsion Bar
Mounting
8 Obviously loose/broken.
9 Cracked or damaged.
Spring Eye-bolt/Shackle Pins
10 Locking device missing or insecurely fitted.
11 Worn, incorrectly positioned, incorrect type, or missing.
12 Obviously loose in the bush.
Spring or Shackle Bushes
13 Worn, missing, perished or cracked.
Spring Centre Bolt
14 Missing damaged or broken.
Bump Stop
15 Missing or ineffective.
Air, Hydrolastic,
Hydrogas, Suspension
16 Leaks.
17 Linkage to levelling valve defective.
18 Valves insecure or defective.
19 Suspension bellows giving inadequate
movement (risk of wheel fouling).
20 Air bellows damaged or deteriorated to such
an extent that it is likely to fail.
21 Pipe damaged to the extent that it is likely to fail.
22 Vehicle sitting on bump stops.
Bonded Suspension Units
23 Failure of rubber/metal attachment.
24 Deterioration of suspension medium (soft and sticky).
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FRONT SUSPENSION
Method of Testing
1. With the vehicle on the lift or pit, jack up the vehicle using the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended jacking points for
checking the front suspension. Where this is not available, see 2, 3 and 4 below.
2. For suspension of the type shown in figure 1, jack up the front suspension so that the road-wheels are clear of the ground and
the suspension is as near as possible to normal running height. Whilst each wheel is held at the top and bottom and rocked,
examine for movement in the top and bottom ball joints and movement in the wishbone bushes.
3. For suspensions of the type shown in figure 2 and 3, jack up the front suspension so that the road wheels are clear of the
ground and shake each road-wheel vigorously to determine the condition of the outer suspension ball joints and movement in
the control arms.
4. For suspension of the type shown in figure 4, jack up the front suspension so that the road-wheels are clear of the ground.
Shake each wheel vigorously and examine each suspension strut for wear at the strut sliding bush and gland as well as for
movement at the strut upper support bearing and:
(a) check for damage or excessive corrosion of the strut casing, wear in the rod and the condition of the bonding between the
metal and flexible material in the strut upper support bearing.
(b) whilst each front wheel is shaken vigorously (grasping at the 3 o’clock and 9 o’clock positions), check the condition of the
outer ball joints and track control arm inner bushes for movement indicating the degree of wear.
5. For all suspension types, examine:
(a) the condition of wishbones and their inner bearings, ball joints, swivel joints, track control arms, anti-roll bars, radius rods
and their mounting bushes or washers.
(b) examine axle beams, leading arms and swinging arms for damage or distortion.
(c) examine the condition of the chassis frame and body shell structure in the vicinity of suspension mounting points and
suspension sub-frame mounting points for fractures, excessive corrosion or distortion (see page 58).
6. Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out to the front suspension (including axles).
NOTES
1. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to the front suspension (including axles) may require a
Modifications report to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Axle Beam
Wishbones, Swinging arm,
Track Control Arm, Suspension Strut
1 Obviously out of line.
2 Mounting obviously loose or worn.
3 Cracked, damaged or deformed.
Anti-roll Bar, Torque Arm/Rod, Radius
Rod/Link
4 Missing or broken.
5 Mounting loose.
6 Cracked, damaged or deformed.
Bushes, Ball Joints, and Sliding Bushes
or Swivel Joints
7 Excessive wear.
8 Insecure.
Suspension Mounting Area
9 Deformed or corroded to such an extent that the security
or alignment of the suspension component is affected.
Retaining or Locking Devices e.g. Split
Pin, Nut, Rivet or Weld.
10 Absent, insecure, worn or broken.
Dust Covers
11 Dust cover is missing or severely deteriorated.
Suspension System
12 Geometry obviously incorrect
13 Obviously unsafe repair or modification (including axles)
Note: The above defects may be present in both rigid
axle and independent suspension systems.
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FRONT SUSPENSION
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
BRAKE LINES/HOSES
Method of Testing
Brake Pipes
1. Examine all accessible brake pipes to ensure that they are in serviceable condition, free from chafing and external corrosion
and damage.
2. Check that rigid pipes are securely held by clips or other means, and that rigid pipes and flexible hoses are not positioned in
such a manner as to be fouled by moving parts.
3. Examine all flexible hoses to ensure they are not constrained in tight bends, that they have adequate room to move as
necessary without fouling any other parts of the vehicle, and that they are not chafed or otherwise damaged or perished.
4. Check whether there are any leaks in the system by having the brake applied while examining the system (in the case of
vehicles fitted with a vacuum servo or power operated brake, the engine must be idling during this test)(2).
5. Examine flexible pipes for signs of weakness under pressure with the footbrake fully applied.
6. Examine brake pipes for repairs or unsuitable fitting (1).
NOTES
1. Note: The repair or replacement of a brake pipe would require a test of the pipe under pressure on the lift
and a full roller brake test.
2. Provided the vacuum is maintained in the servo, the engine may be stopped.
ITEM
Brake Pipes, Flexible Hoses
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Perished, kinked, damaged or rusted to the
extent that the pipe is pitted.
2 Unsatisfactorily mounted/possibility of failing.
3 Leaks.
4 Fouling moving parts.
5 Bulging under pressure.
6 Inadequate repairs or unsuitable fittings.
Note: Couplings in brake pipes are acceptable provided they
have been fitted to a high standard of workmanship.
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SHOCK ABSORBER CONDITION
Method of Testing
1. Check each shock absorber for fluid leak(s).
2. Examine the anchorage of each shock absorber to see that it is correctly connected to the vehicle and in good condition.
3. Examine the condition of any pivots.
ITEM
Shock Absorber(s)
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Obvious leak.
2 Mounting bracket or bushes missing, loose or damaged.
3 Missing or damaged.
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ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Method of Testing
1. Check that the ignition switch can be switched off.
2. Check that the ignition key can be removed.
3. Check for wiring that could interfere with the driver’s control of the vehicle.
4. Check electrical wiring to the extent possible without dismantling for condition, security and position.
5. Check that any after-market items fitted such as a mobile phone charger, radio etc. cannot be operated while the ignition
switch is in the off position and the key removed from the switch.
6. Check (where practical) that the wiring used in after-market fitments appears suitable.
7. Check the battery for security and leaks.
8. Check (where fitted) the electrical connections on the vehicle for towing a trailer.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Ignition Switch
1 Ignition switch missing.
2 Ignition cannot be switched off.
3 Ignition key cannot be removed.
Wiring, Cables and Connections
(including trailer connections)
4 Wiring liable to interfere with the driver’s control of the vehicle.
5 Risk of fire including risk associated with:
(a)electrical wiring dislocated or insecure.
(b)electrical wiring damaged.
(c) after-market items other than taxi roof signs, antitheft systems and light failure indicators not wired
through the ignition switch or a fuse.
(d)use of unsuitable wiring e.g. household wiring/ bell wiring.
(e)unsuitable electrical connections.
Battery
6 Mounting unsatisfactory.
7 Risk of short-circuiting.
8 Leakages.
NOTE: A number of fatal fires in cars have been attributed
to faulty wiring. Testers are asked to be particularly diligent
when examining wiring that could result in a vehicle fire.
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FUEL SYSTEM
Method of Testing
1. Examine the fuel tanks to see that they are suitable, free from advanced rust and are firmly held and secure on their
mountings. In the case of Liquid Petroleum Gas/Compressed Natural Gas, check that the fuel tank is not damaged.
2. Examine fuel tank straps or supports and mounting brackets to see that they are secure and free from fracture and that
none is missing.
3. Examine the mounting bracket bolts to chassis/body to see that they are secure.
4. Where the LPG/CNG fuel tank is fitted inside the vehicle, check that the tank safety valve and filler valve are either piped
separately to the outside of the vehicle or contained in a gas tight sub-compartment which is vented to the outside of the
vehicle.
5. Check that any ducting used for venting sub-compartments or tank valves is not damaged or blocked.
6. Check that no fuel tank is fitted to the roof of the vehicle.
7. Where LPG/CNG is fitted, check that the manual hand valve on the tank can be closed off. Or where a solenoid is fitted in
place of or as an extra protection for the manual valve, check that it can be heard to open and close when the ignition key is
switched on and off with the LPG/CNG switch in the ‘on’ position.
8. In CNG systems, a second manual valve will normally be found near the filler valve which is usually in the engine
compartment. This should also be checked.
9. Check that a fuel tank cap is present and of the correct type. Check that the fuel cap seal is present and is not damaged.
10. Check that there are no leaks at all from the system in the case of petrol. In the case of diesel, check that there are no leaks
such that fuel is dripping on to the ground. In the case of LPG/CNG, check if a pressure leak (hissing noise) can be heard.
11. Examine fuel pipes to see that they are securely clipped to prevent damage by vibration, chafing or cracking.
12. Check that pipelines/hoses are not damaged or deteriorated (e.g. kinked or flattened) and are not in a position to be fouled by
moving parts or the road surface.
13. Check that all components of the fuel system are securely mounted.
14. While seated in the driving position, check that the throttle control is:
(a) functionally complete.
(b) not cracked, fractured or excessively worn or corroded.
(c) not obstructed or impeded in its travel.
15. Check that the excess fuel device on diesel-engine vehicles cannot be readily operated from within the cab if it is of a type
which, with the engine running, will cause an increase in smoke.
16. Check that the engine stop control is working satisfactorily on diesel engine vehicles. Where LPG/CNG is fitted, check that the
engine fuel supply solenoids (usually in engine compartment for each fuel used) can be heard to open and close when each
fuel system is selected on the dash switch.
17. Check that the air filter is present and securely fitted.
NOTES
1. The extent of this inspection is limited to those parts which can be seen and which are readily accessible
without dismantling.
2. All fuel tanks on the vehicle are included in the inspection.
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FUEL SYSTEM
Method of Testing
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Fuel Tank, Fuel Filter Systems
and Fuel Lines
1
2
3
4
5
Incorrectly or loosely mounted or damaged.
Advanced rust in fuel tank (see page 57).
Leaks.
Unsuitable fuel tank.
LPG/CNG tank fitted inside vehicle without being
sub- compartmented or without having valves piped to the outside.
6 LPG/CNG venting or ducting pipes damaged or blocked.
7 Sub-compartment obviously not gas tight where
valves are not piped to the outside.
8 Fuel tank fitted to roof.
9 Manual or solenoid valves not operating.
10 Possibility of fuel lines being crushed, chafed, ruptured or subject
to excessive vibration.
11 No fuel cap or fuel cap seal damaged or missing.
Throttle Control
12 Sticking, binding or excessively worn.
13 Link pins, retaining devices or safety devices missing.
14 Cracked or fractured mounting bracket or panel.
Excess Fuel Device
15 Gives off excessive smoke if operated from within
the cab after the engine has been started.
Engine Stop Control (on diesel
engine vehicles)
16 Not working or missing.
Air Filter Assembly
17 Air filter assembly insecure, missing or incomplete.
Note: If a vehicle is presented with a Nitrous Oxide (NO2) injection
system fitted, it should be failed under Reason For Failure (4) above.
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BRAKE WHEEL UNITS
Method of Testing
Examine each brake operating wheel unit for security, leaks, corrosion or damage. By applying the brakes check each brake
operating unit for leaks and, where possible, operation. Check that all appropriate items e.g. fixing nuts, bolts and split pins are
secure and locked.
NOTES
1. The vehicle wheels should be checked during this test and the parking brake should be released.
ITEM
Hydraulic Brake Unit
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Insecurely mounted.
2 Leaking.
3 Sluggish in operation or seized.
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MECHANICAL BRAKE COMPONENTS
Method of Testing
Examine the mechanical components of the brakes which can be seen without dismantling. Look particularly for:
1. Badly chafed rods or levers.
2. Frayed or seized cables.
3. Badly damaged, corroded, seized or incorrectly fitted rods, levers or linkages.
4. Wear in rod or cable ends.
5. Wear in eyes of relay levers.
6. Wear in clevis pins, bolts, stationary pins, pivots.
7. Absence of locking devices on clevis pins.
8. Excessively worn, contaminated, incorrectly adjusted brake linings or pads.
9. Fractured, damaged, insecure, misaligned brake drums or discs.
10.Any obstruction to free movement in the system.
11.Any abnormal movement of levers, rods or cables indicating maladjustment.
12.Security of brake back plates or discs (including transmission brakes).
13.Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out to any of the mechanical components
of the brake system
NOTES
1. In the absence of wear indicators or manufacturer’s recommendations regarding brake lining or disc pad
wear, a figure of 1.5mm (1⁄16”) should be taken as a minimum thickness for bonded linings/pads and
.40mm (1⁄64”) above the head of the attaching rivet as a minimum thickness of riveted linings.
2. Where no facility is provided for inspection of brake shoes/pads, item (8) above will not apply.
3. The wheels shall be checked and the parking brake released while this test is being carried out.
4. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to any of the mechanical components of the brake
system may require a modifications report to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Brake Rods/Levers/Cables/ Linkages/
Pivots
1 Missing, damaged, cracked, corroded, seized, obstructed or worn.
2 Incorrectly fitted.
Brackets, Mounting Bolts, Split Pins
or Other Retaining Devices
3 Missing, loose or worn.
Brake Linings
4 Brake linings contaminated.
5 Incorrectly adjusted.
6 Brake shoes or pads in need of replacement (see note (1).
Brake Drums/Discs/Backplates
/Dirt Shield
7 Missing, contaminated, obviously damaged, askew or insecure.
Actuating Levers
8 Damaged, insecure or in need of adjustment.
9 Operating over centre.
10 Danger of brakes locking (vehicles with air
brakes: S-cams locking over).
Free Movement of Brake Rod/ Levers/
Cables etc.
11 Restricted.
Complete Braking System
12 Any obviously unsafe repair or modification to any component.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
BRAKE MASTER CYLINDER/SERVO/VALVES/CONNECTIONS
Method of Testing
Master Cylinder and Reservoirs
1. Examine for security.
2. Check for leaks.
Servos
Examine servo for security of mounting.
Valves
1. Examine all valves for security of mounting.
2. With brakes applied, check for leaks.
3. Check that load sensing/brake proportioning valves are not damaged, leaking or inoperative and are correctly adjusted.
NOTES
1. Visual inspection. Check for completeness and full connection of linkage, leaks, and if possible, correct
movement. (Brakes are applied with vehicle on lift.)
2. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to the Brake Master Cylinder / Servo / Valves / Connections
may require a modifications report to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Master Cylinder/Reservoirs
1 Insecurely mounted/mounting panel cracked.
2 Leaking or defective.
Servo
3 Insecure or defective.
4 Damaged, badly corroded or leaking.
Valves
5 Missing, insecurely mounted, leaking or defective.
Load Sensing and Brake
Proportioning Valves
6 Missing, bypassed, linkage sticking, damaged, leaking
or inoperative or obviously incorrectly adjusted.
Brake Master Cylinder / Servo /
Valves / Connections
7 Any obviously unsafe repair or modification
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
EXHAUST SYSTEM/NOISE
Method of Testing
1. Examine the condition of the exhaust pipe and silencer for security and leaks.
2. Assess the effectiveness of the silencer in reducing, as far as is reasonable, the noise caused by the exhaust from the engine.
3. Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out to the exhaust system
4. See note below. If testing is required, the following procedure must be followed:
NOTES
1. If the NCT vehicle inspector deems that the level of noise caused by the vehicle exhaust is excessive,
the specific level of noise is to be measured. The vehicle must be moved to the sound test area.
The vehicle will be required to have a level of noise less than 99dB(A) in order to pass the test.
2. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to the exhaust system may require a modifications
report to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
45o ±1o
Microphone
Exhaust
Outlet
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Exhaust Pipe
1 Badly mounted or liable to fall off.
Silencer
2 Missing or not functioning.
3 Badly mounted or liable to fall off.
4 Serious leaks.
Exhaust Assembly
5 Vehicle exhaust noise has reached or exceeded
a specified level of 99dB(A).
6 Possibility of fire being caused by leaks or broken components.
7 Fumes entering passenger compartment.
8 Any obviously unsafe repair or modification.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REAR SUSPENSION
Method of Testing
1. With the vehicle on the lift or pit, raise the rear of the vehicle so that the suspension hangs freely using the vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended jacking points for checking rear suspension.
2. Examine axle beams, trailing arms, swinging arms, and their mounting bushes/bearings/shafts/ball joints for wear damage
and distortion.
3. Check for damage or excessive corrosion of any suspension strut mounting, wear in the shaft and the condition of the bonding
between the metal and flexible material in the strut support bearing.
4. For all suspension types examine the condition of wishbones, ball joints, track control arms, anti-roll bars, transverse rods,
radius rods and their mounting bushes, bearings, shafts, washers or retaining devices.
5. Examine the condition of the chassis frame and body shell structure in the vicinity of suspension mounting points and
suspension subframe mounting points for fractures, excessive corrosion and distortion.
6. Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out to the rear suspension (including axles)
NOTES
1. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to the rear suspension (including axles) may require a
modifications report to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Axle Beam, Trailing Arm,
Wishbones, Swinging Arm, Track
Control Arm, Suspension Strut
1 Obviously askew.
2 Mounting bushes, bearing or bearing carrier, shafts,
ball joints, obviously loose, worn or insecure.
3 Cracked or damaged.
Anti-roll Bar/Link
Transverse Rod, Radius Rod/Link
4 Mounting loose.
5 Cracked or deformed.
6 Missing or broken.
Bushes, Ball Joints, Sliding Bushes or
Swivel Joints
7 Excessive wear.
8 Insecure.
Mounting Area
9 Damaged or corroded to such an extent that the security
or alignment of the suspension component is affected.
Retaining or Locking Devices e.g.
Split Pin, Nut, Rivet or Weld.
10 Absent, insecure, worn or broken.
Dust Covers
11 Dust cover is missing or severely deteriorated.
Suspension System
12 Geometry obviously incorrect
13 Obviously unsafe repair or modification (including axles)
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REAR SPRINGS
Method of Testing
Leaf Springs
1. Examine each spring for its general condition and in particular for fractures in the leaves, especially in the vicinity of the
anchor eye of the main leaf.
2. Note whether any spring is so weak that it is not holding the body sufficiently far away from the wheels.
3. Examine condition of spring eyes and bushes.
4. Check that no spring clamps are missing.
5. Check that the springs on each axle are symmetrically located.
6. Check that there is no movement of spring leaves denoting a fractured centre bolt.
7. Check that the attachments of the shackle/anchor brackets to the chassis are secure, looking for signs of movement of rivets or
bolts, and elongated holes.
8. Examine the bolts and/or nuts securing the spring to the axle for tightness, and examine the spring and axle for evidence that
these have been moving relative to each other.
Coil Springs
9. Examine each spring for its general condition and in particular for fractures.
10.Note whether any spring is so weak that it is not holding the body sufficiently far away from the wheels.
11.Examine the attachment of the coil springs for security.
Torsion Bar
12.Check torsion bars/bushes for fracture or damage.
13.Examine the attachment of torsion bars.
Spring Pins and Bushes
14.Examine the amount of play due to wear at spring anchor brackets and pins of the spring shackles.
15.Examine the condition and security of any slipper brackets.
16.Check that anchor/shackle pins are fully in place, that they are secure and that locking devices are in position and secure.
17.Examine the spring mountings for excessive side play.
Air and Fluid Suspension
18.Check for leaks and the condition of the supply lines and suspension bellows.
19.Check the condition of levelling valve linkages.
20.Examine the attachment of the suspension bellows for security.
21.Examine the attachments for security to frame and axle.
Bonded Suspension Units
22.Examine the bonding of the flexible element to its associated metal fixings.
23.Examine the condition of the flexible element by applying pressure.
24.Examine the attachments for security to frame and axle.
Spring (coil/leaf)/Torsion Bar
25. Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REAR SPRINGS
NOTES
1. A bush and/or pin would be considered excessively worn if play exceeded 2mm (3⁄32”) for 13mm (1⁄2”)
diameter pins, others pro rata.
2. Caution should be exercised in the case of springs and suspensions with rubber/compliant mountings
where the amount of free movement in new components might well exceed the above limits.
In such cases, the manufacturer’s tolerance should be sought. Observation of the vehicle attitude when
stationary can often reveal the effect of exhausted or broken springs, e.g. vehicle “sitting down” at rear.
3. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to the spring (coil/leaf)/ torsion bar may require a
modifications report to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Spring (coil/leaf)/Torsion Bar
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Worn or exhausted.
Any spring leaf broken, repaired by welding or missing.
Spring fitted incorrectly.
Spring clamps missing.
U-bolts loose or missing.
A coil spring or torsion bar broken.
Any obviously unsafe repair or modification
Spring Mounting or Torsion Bar
Mounting
8 Obviously loose/broken.
9 Cracked or damaged.
Spring Eye Bolt/ Shackle Pins
10 Locking device missing or insecurely fitted.
11 Worn, incorrectly positioned, incorrect type or missing.
12 Obviously loose in the bush.
Spring or Shackle Bushes or
Slipper Pads
13 Missing, worn or perished.
Spring Centre Bolt
14 Missing, damaged or broken.
Bump Stop
15 Removed, damaged or ineffective.
Air, Hydrolastic, Hydrogas, Suspension
16 Leaks.
17 Linkage to levelling valve defective.
18 Valves insecure or defective.
19 Suspension bellows giving inadequate
movement (risk of wheel fouling).
20 Air bellows damaged or deteriorated to such
an extent that it is likely to fail.
21 Pipe damaged to such an extent that it is likely to fail.
22 Vehicle sitting on bump stops.
Bonded Suspension Units
23 Failure of rubber/metal attachment.
24 Deterioration of suspension medium (soft and sticky).
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
TRANSMISSION & DRIVE TRAIN
Method of Testing
Examine the transmission, paying particular attention to the condition of:
1. clutch pedal anti-slip device.
2. drive shafts (both propeller shafts and half shafts).
3. drive shaft flanges, universal joints bolts/nuts.
4. drive shaft bearings and the security and condition of the bearing housing.
5. engine/gearbox mountings.
6. oil leaks.
7. Examine if there has been any obviously unsafe repair or modification carried out to the engine or drive train.
NOTES
1. When carrying out this inspection, it is important that the vehicle is in neutral gear and that, if a
transmission brake is fitted, it is released. Wheels should be checked.
2. An unsafe repair or modification carried out to the engine/drive train may require a modifications
report to be presented as per Item 62 of this manual.
ITEM
REASONS FOR FAILURE
Clutch Pedal anti-slip provision
1 Missing, loose or worn to the extent that it is no longer effective.
Propeller Shaft or Half Shaft Bearing/
Bearing Housing/ Housing Mounting
2 Any drive line component liable to lock up or break away.
3 Askew, damaged, or worn.
Propeller Shaft/Half Shaft Couplings
(e.g. Universal Joints, Constant
Velocity Joints or Flexible Couplings)
4
5
6
7
Lubrication
8 Leaking oil found to be continually dropping.
Engine Mounting or Gearbox
Mountings
9 Insecure, deteriorated or broken.
Dust Covers
10 Dust cover is missing or severely deteriorated.
Engine or Drive Train
11 Any obviously unsafe repair or modification
Worn.
Bolts, nuts or studs loose/missing.
Lock tabs missing.
Obviously worn or grease boot missing or torn.
Note: A cv grease boot not secured to prevent the incursion of
water or dirt should fail under Reason for Failure (7) above.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REAR FOG LAMP(S)
Method of Testing
1. If the vehicle is fitted with a Rear Fog Lamp, check that when in use, it provides a red light which is clearly visible.
2. Check that the fog lamp is securely mounted.
3. If fitted, check operation of fog lamp indicator.
ITEM
Rear Fog Lamp
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1
2
3
4
5
6
Lamp or switch not working or faulty.
Missing or not clearly visible.
Not red in colour.
Lens broken or missing.
Insecurely mounted.
Fog lamp indicator not working correctly.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REVERSE LAMP(S)
Method of Testing
Where a reverse lamp is fitted, check to ensure that when in use, it provides a white light which is clearly visible.
ITEM
Reverse Lamp
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1
2
3
4
5
6
Not working or faulty.
Missing or not clearly visible.
Not white in colour.
Lens broken or missing.
Insecurely mounted.
Reversing lamp remains illuminated after
reverse gear has been disengaged.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
MALFUNCTION INDICATORS
Method of Testing
Ensure the malfunction indicators for Supplemental Restraint Systems (SRS), Airbags, Electronic Stability Control (ESC), Anti-Lock
Braking System (ABS), Electronic Braking System (EBS), Parking Brake, Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS), Electronic Power
Steering (EPS) or brake fluid warning light are in working order.
ITEM
Malfunction indicator for
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
airbags, electronic stability control
(ESC), antilock brake system (ABS),
electronic braking system (EBS),
parking brake, tyre pressure
monitoring systems (TPMS),
electronic power steering (EPS),
or brake fluid warning lamp.
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1 Not working or indicates a defect in the relevant system.
2 Obvious Modification affecting correct operation.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
REGISTRATION PLATE LAMPS
Method of Testing
Check that the registration number plate lamp(s) shows a white light and is operating effectively.
ITEM
Registration Plate Lamp
REASONS FOR PASS ADVISORY
1
2
3
4
Not working, faulty or not fitted.
Not white in colour.
Lens missing or broken.
Showing direct (not reflected) white light to the rear.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
MODIFICATIONS REPORT (WHERE REQUIRED)
Method of Testing
1. The vehicle’s owner (or the presenter on the owner’s behalf) shall confirm whether any repairs or modifications have been
carried out to a vehicle since its last NCT which may adversely affect the roadworthiness of one or more of the items to be
tested (see Note 1).
2. In respect of vehicles modified since their last NCT, a modifications report must be provided in the following cases;
a)
Chassis work, including lengthening/shortening the wheel base or the replacement of chassis rails
(e.g. limousine conversion)
b)
A vehicle which has been converted. This includes (but is not limited to the following):
• M2 (mini bus) or N1 (light goods vehicle) converted to an M1 (passenger car)
c)
Modification to the steering system (this includes power steering and steering wheel)
d)
Modification to the suspension system (including modifications to anti-roll bars)
e)
Modification to the braking system including the addition or removal of equipment
f)
Modifications to seat belts (including anchorages), air bags or the addition of seats and safety restraint systems.
g)
Major modifications to the cab or body work
h)
Modifications or repairs which may adversely affect the roadworthiness of one or more of the items to be tested as part of the test including where “obviously unsafe repairs or modifications” is specified in this manual as a reason for failure.
Where during the NCT, the tester notices a repair or modification which may adversely affect the roadworthiness of any of
the test items including where unsafe “repairs or modifications” are specified in this manual as a reason for failure, the tester
shall seek a modifications report in writing substantially in the form outlined in 4 below. Where a historic report is provided,
the tester shall determine whether this adequately addresses the issue and is in line with the form in 4 below and, if not,
shall seek a new modifications report. As the NCT is essentially a maintenance and condition check, it is acknowledged that a
tester will not be removing or dismantling any parts in the course of a normal roadworthiness test and that the finding of any
modifications or repairs is based on a visual inspection of the vehicle only.
3. In the case of vehicles requiring a modifications report (as per 1, 2 or 3 above), this report shall be one issued by the vehicle
manufacturer (or his authorised distributor), or by a Suitably Qualified Individual (see Note No.2). This report shall be on
headed notepaper and must state;
a.
Vehicle Make
b.
Vehicle Model and variant
c.
Description of body-type (not code) before and after modification (in the case of a modification).
E.g. estate car to hearse.
d.
Vehicle Registration Number
e.
VIN
f.
The purpose of the report
g.
The list of modifications or repairs made to the vehicle
h.
The standard of workmanship and specifications
i.
That the vehicle is safe to use on the road and that the modification/ repair does not diminish the technical status or integrity of the vehicle or other vehicle components and safety features.
j.
That the vehicle meets with the Road Traffic (Construction, Equipment and Use of Vehicles) Regulations (as amended) and the Road Traffic (Lighting of Vehicles) Regulations as amended
k.
That the vehicle meets with the essential technical provisions of the EU Directives to which the modification relates for the year of manufacture and category of vehicle concerned
A template for the modifications report required to be presented can be found on page 98 of this manual.
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
MODIFICATIONS REPORT Cont...
Method of Testing
NOTES
(1)In accordance with the Road Traffic (Construction, Equipment and Use of Vehicles) Regulations, S.I. 190
No. of 1963 (as amended), all vehicles on public roads must conform with the general principles set down
in these Regulations in relation to the condition and maintenance of vehicles. All parts and equipment
of every vehicle shall be in good and efficient working order. It is each vehicle owner’s responsibility to
ensure his or her vehicle is in compliance with the law and maintained in a roadworthy condition at
all times.
(2)A “suitably qualified individual” (SQI) means a mechanical or automotive engineer, an automotive
assessor or a person with similar qualifications who, by reason of his or her competence, experience and
independence, is an appropriate person to assess the fitness and safety of a vehicle and who carries the
appropriate indemnity relative to his or her position.
(3)A modifications report is not required where:
(a)
a vehicle has been subject to a post registration modification approval scheme in another Member State prior to being registered in Ireland and documentation (approval report in English) is provided from the competent authority in the Member State concerned, giving details of the nature of the modifications carried out and the VIN of the vehicle.
However, where such documentation has been provided but does not correspond to modifications identified and which may adversely affect the roadworthiness of the vehicle then a modifications report for the relevant modifications shall be required.
(b) a vehicle has been type approved and has one of the following certificates of approval corresponding to the vehicle presented
• EC Certificate of Conformity (EC CoC) for a complete or completed vehicle
• National Small Series Type Approval Certificate of Conformity (Irish NSSTA CoC) for a complete or completed vehicle
• Individual Vehicle Approval Certificate (Irish IVA Certificate)
However, where such documentation has been provided but does not correspond to modifications
identified and which may adversely affect the roadworthiness of the vehicle then a modifications report
for the relevant modifications shall be required.
ITEM
(1) Modifications Report
(where required)
REASONS FOR FAILURE
1
2
3
4
5
Not presented
Incomplete
Not in the form (template) acceptable by tester
Does not correspond with modifications identified by tester
Not acceptable (e.g. expired)
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
RSA MODIFICATIONS REPORT TEMPLATE
(Use block caps throughout)
VIN
REGISTRATION NUMBER
Make:____________________________Model:___________________________Variant:___________________________
This report relates to a modification/ repair (delete where appropriate)
In the case of a modification, give description of: body-type before modification: __________________________________________
And body-type after modification (if changed): _______________________________________________________________________
The purpose of the report is to: (give brief details of why these repairs or modifications were carried out to the vehicle)
List of the repairs or modifications made to the vehicle (including, but not limited to those involving changes to the braking
systems, suspension, steering systems, bodywork, or chassis alterations);
In relation to the modifications/ repairs listed above, provide a detailed description of each.
Please use another page where necessary. Any additional pages provided must be signed and stamped by the SQI/Manufacturer.
Notes:
• Give full details of any change to the braking system. Include a schematic diagram with key to the components
and confirm on which axles park brakes are fitted.
• Where available, list any type approval numbers related to the modified systems
• Where available from the component/ system manufacturer, supplementary evidence of compatibility with the type
and variant of vehicle concerned may be provided.
Details of the standard of workmanship and specifications. Where available, include the manufacturers/ convertor’s name
and contact details
I hereby declare the information provided in relation to the vehicle referred to above:
a. Is true and correct
b. That the modifications/ repairs detailed above have been carried out to the vehicle such that the technical status and integrity of the vehicle and its other components and safety features have not been compromised and that the vehicle
is safe to be used on the road and does not present a danger to the vehicle, occupants or other road users.
c. That the vehicle meets with the Road Traffic (Construction, Equipment and Use of Vehicles) Regulations (as amended)
and the Road Traffic (Lighting of Vehicles) Regulations (as amended)
d. That the vehicle meets with the essential technical provisions of the EU Directives to which the modification relates for the year and category of vehicle concerned
I confirm that (tick one of the following);
I am a “suitably qualified individual” (In this context a suitably qualified individual means a mechanical or automotive engineer, an automotive assessor or a person with similar qualifications who, by reason of his or her competence, experience and independence, is an appropriate person to assess the fitness and safety of a vehicle and who carries appropriate indemnity relative to his or her position)
I am the manufacturer/ authorised distributor/ convertor of the vehicle (delete as appropriate)
On:_____________________(Date of Certification) At:____________________(Place of Certification)
Name of Certifying Person (caps): _______________________________________________________
Signature of Certifying Person:__________________________________________________________
Position Within Organisation:___________________________________________________________
Engineering Qualification and/or Professional body accreditation (SQI only) ___________________
Official Stamp
of the SQI /
manufacturer
____________________________________Number of year’s relevant experience (SQI only) _______
Version 1
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NATIONAL CAR TEST (NCT ) MANUAL 2014
99
Working To Save Lives
BAILE ÁTHA CLIATH
ARNA FHOILSIÚ AG OIFIG AN tSOLÁTHAIR
Le ceannach díreach ón
OIFIG DHÍOLTA FOILSEACHÁN RIALTAIS
TEACH SUN ALLIANCE, SRÁID THEACH LAIGHEAN, BAILE ÁTHA CLIATH 2
nó tríd an bpost ó
FOILSEACHÁIN RIALTAIS, AN RANNÓG POST-TRÁCHTA
AONAD 20 PÁIRC MIONDÍOLA COIS LOCHA,CLÁR CHLAINNE MHUIRIS, CONTAE MHAIGH EO
(Teil: 01 – 6476834 nó 1890 213434; Fax 01 – 6476843 nó 094 - 9378964 )
nó trí aon díoltóir leabhar.
DUBLIN
PUBLISHED BY THE STATIONERY OFFICE
To be purchased directly from the
GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS SALE OFFICE
SUN ALLIANCE HOUSE, MOLESWORTH STREET, DUBLIN 2
or by mail order from
GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS, POSTAL TRADE SECTION
UNIT 20 LAKESIDE RETAIL PARK, CLAREMORRIS, CO. MAYO
(Tel: 01 – 6476834 or 1890 213434; Fax: 01 – 6476843 or 094 - 9378964)
or through any bookseller.
Revision 3
Údarás Um Shábháilteacht Ar Bhóithre
Road Safety Authority
Páirc Ghnó Ghleann na Muaidhe, Cnoc an tSabhaircín, Bóthar Bhaile Átha Cliath, Béal an Átha, Co. Mhaigh Eo
Moy Valley Business Park, Primrose Hill, Dublin Road, Ballina, Co. Mayo
locall: 1890 50 60 80 fax: (096) 25252 email: [email protected] website: www.rsa.ie
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