Schumacher Electric | SC-1200A | Owner`s manual | Schumacher Electric SC-1200A Owner`s manual

Schumacher Electric SC-1200A Owner`s manual
OWNER’S MANUAL
Model SC-1200A
For 12-Volt Batteries
Fully Automatic
Microprocessor Controlled
Battery Charger with
Battery Tester and
Alternator Tester
CAUTION:
Read all Safety Rules and Operating Instructions,
and follow them with each use of this product.
ELECTRIC CORPORATION
Mount Prospect, IL 60056
U.S.A.
0099000364/1003
TABLE OF CONTENTS
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ......................................................................... 3
PERSONAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ........................................................................... 4
BEFORE USING YOUR BATTERY CHARGER ................................................................ 5
PLUGGING IT IN ................................................................................................... 5
USING AN EXTENSION CORD ............................................................................ 5
PREPARING YOUR BATTERY TO BE CHARGED .......................................................... 5
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ....................................................................................... 6
Charging Battery In The Vehicle ........................................................................... 6
Charging Battery Removed From The Vehicle .................................................... 7
SPEEDCHARGE CONTROLS ....................................................................................... 8
CONTROL PANEL GUIDE ............................................................................................. 9
USING THE BUILT-IN BATTERY TESTER .................................................................... 10
USING THE BUILT-IN ALTERNATOR TESTER ............................................................. 11
USING YOUR BATTERY CHARGER ............................................................................ 12
KNOW YOUR CHARGER ............................................................................................ 13
CHARGING TIPS ......................................................................................................... 13
MAINTENANCE AND CARE ........................................................................................ 13
BATTERY PERCENT AND CHARGE TIME ................................................................... 14
TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................. 15
LIMITED WARRANTY ................................................................................................. 16
SAVE THIS OWNER’S MANUAL AND READ BEFORE EACH USE.
Model SC-1200A, Fully Automatic Battery Charger offers features to accommodate
the needs for home or light commercial use. This manual will explain how to use the
charger safely and effectively. Please read and follow these instructions and precautions carefully.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment on and off, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
2
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING – RISK OF EXPLOSIVE GASES
WORKING IN VICINITY OF A LEAD-ACID BATTERY IS DANGEROUS. BATTERIES GENERATE EXPLOSIVE GASES DURING NORMAL BATTERY
OPERATION. FOR THIS REASON, IT IS OF UTMOST IMPORTANCE THAT
EACH TIME BEFORE USING YOUR CHARGER, YOU READ THIS MANUAL
AND FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS EXACTLY.
To reduce risk of battery explosion, follow these instructions and those published by
battery manufacturer and manufacturer of any equipment you intend to use in vicinity
of battery. Review cautionary markings on these products and on engine.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
This manual contains important safety and operating instructions for battery charger
Model SC-1200A
• To reduce risk of electrical shock,
unplug the charger from the outlet
before attempting any maintenance
or cleaning.
• WARNING: Handling the cord on this
product or cords associated with
accessories sold with this product,
will expose you to lead, a chemical
known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or
other reproductive harm. Wash
hands after handling.
• Always charge battery in a wellventilated area.
• WARNING: Battery chargers get hot
during operation and must have
proper ventilation. Air needs to flow
around entire charger. Do not set
charger on flammable materials like
carpeting, upholstery, paper, cardboard, etc. Charger may damage
leather, plastic and rubber.
• Read all instructions and cautions
printed on the battery charger,
battery, and vehicle or equipment
using battery.
• Use charger only on lead-acid type
rechargeable batteries, such as those
used in cars, trucks, tractors, airplanes, vans, RV’s, trolling motors,
etc. This charger is not intended to
supply power to a low voltage
electrical system other than in a
starter-motor application.
HELP US HELP YOU ——
Remember:
Place charger as far away from the
battery being charged as the charger
cables will permit.
• Never use charger for charging dry
cell batteries that are commonly used
with home appliances like radios,
stereos, remote controls, etc. These
batteries may burst and cause
personal injury.
Do not expose charger to rain or snow.
• Do not disassemble charger. Take it
to a qualified service professional if
service or repair is required. Incorrect
assembly may result in fire or
electrical shock.
Never allow battery acid to drip on
charger when reading specific gravity or
filling battery.
Never charge a frozen battery. If battery
fluid (electrolyte) becomes frozen, bring
battery into a warm area to allow to thaw
before you begin charging.
Never set a battery on top of charger.
3
Never place charger directly above
battery being charged. The gases from
the battery will corrode and damage the
charger.
Be sure to position the charger power
cord to prevent it from being stepped
on, tripped over, or damaged.
Never pull out the plug by the cord
when unplugging the charger. Pulling
on the cord may cause damage to the
cord or the plug.
Never touch the battery clamps together
when the charger is on. You could
cause a spark.
Never operate charger if it has received
a hard blow, been dropped, or otherwise
damaged. Take it to a qualified professional for inspection and repair.
Do not operate the charger if it has a
damaged power cord or plug. Have the
cord replaced.
PERSONAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
• Wear complete eye and clothing
protection when working with leadacid batteries.
• Remove all personal metal items
from your body such as rings,
bracelets, necklaces and watches,
while working with a lead-acid battery.
A battery can produce a short circuit
current high enough to weld a ring (or
the like) to metal, causing a severe
burn.
• Make sure that someone is within
range of your voice to come to your
aid if needed while you work with or
are near a lead-acid battery.
• Have plenty of fresh water and
soap nearby for use in case battery
acid contacts your eyes, skin, or
clothing. If this happens, wash
immediately with soap and water.
Then get medical attention.
• Take care not to drop any metal tool
or metal object onto the battery. This
may result in a spark or short circuit
across the battery or another electrical device that may cause an explosion.
• Avoid touching your eyes while
working with a battery. Acid particles
(corrosion) may get into your eyes. If
this occurs, flush eyes immediately
with running cold water for at least 10
minutes. Then immediately get
medical attention.
• Always operate the battery charger in
an open, well-ventilated area.
• Never smoke or allow a spark or
flame in the vicinity of the battery or
engine. Batteries generate explosive
gases.
• Never charge a frozen battery.
• Neutralize any acid spills thoroughly
with baking soda before attempting to
clean up.
4
BEFORE USING YOUR BATTERY CHARGER
It is important to understand the charger’s requirements. This section explains the
charger’s electrical requirements and how to prepare a battery for charging.
extension cord, please make sure that
you follow these guidelines:
PLUGGING IT IN
Your charger requires a 120V AC
receptacle installed according to all local
codes and ordinances.
• Make sure that pins on plug of
extension cord are the same number,
size, and shape as those of plug on
charger.
• Check that the extension cord is
properly wired and in good electrical
condition.
• Make sure that the wire size is large
enough for its length and for the AC
ampere rating, as specified in the
chart below.
MINIMUM RECOMMENDED EXTENSION CORD
USING AN EXTENSION CORD
The use of an extension cord is not
recommended. If you must use an
Length of Cord, in Feet
25
50
100 150
AWG* Size of Cord
18
16
12
10
*AWG=American Wire Gauge
PREPARING YOUR BATTERY TO BE CHARGED
It is important that you read and follow these guidelines while you are preparing to
charge the battery.
• Make sure that you have a 12 volt
lead-acid battery. Determine voltage
of battery by referring to vehicle
owner’s manual. Charge battery
initially at charger’s lowest rate.
• Take time to read all of the battery
manufacturer’s specific precautions,
such as removing or not removing
vent caps while charging, and
recommended rates of charge.
• Clean the battery terminals. Be
careful to keep corrosion from getting
in or around your eyes.
• Be sure that the area around the
battery is well ventilated while it is
being charged. Gas can be forcefully
blown away by using a piece of
cardboard or other nonmetallic
material as a fan.
• Wear safety glasses. See additional
“Personal Safety Precautions” on
page 4.
• If it is necessary to remove the battery
from the vehicle to charge it, always
remove the grounded terminal from
the battery first. Turn off all vehicle
accessories to avoid sparks from
occurring.
• For batteries with removable vent
caps, if required, add distilled water to
each cell until the battery acid
reaches the level recommended by
the manufacturer. This will help purge
excessive gases from the cells. Be
careful not to overfill. If you have a
sealed battery with non-removable
vent caps, no action is necessary.
• NOTE: A marine (boat) battery
installed in a boat must be removed
and charged on shore.
5
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
IMPORTANT: Follow all safety instructions and precautions when charging your
battery. Wear complete eye protection and clothing protection. Charge your battery in
a well-ventilated area.
CHARGING BATTERY IN THE
VEHICLE:
part of the chassis or engine block,
away from the battery (see figure
above). DO NOT connect clamp to
negative battery post, carburetor, and
fuel line or sheet metal part.
1. Avoid personal injury by keeping
clear of fan blades, belts, pulleys and
other engine parts.
Connecting to a positive-grounded
system: Connect the black (NEGATIVE) output clamp to the NEGATIVE post of the battery. Rock and
twist the clamp back and forth to be
sure a solid electrical connection is
made. Then connect the red (POSITIVE) output clamp to a heavy,
unpainted metal part of the chassis
or engine block, away from the
battery. DO NOT connect clamp to
positive battery post, carburetor, and
fuel line or sheet metal part.
2. Avoid damaging the charger by
keeping the power cord and output
cords away from the hood, door or
moving engine parts.
3. Note the polarity of the battery posts
by checking the identification marks
on the battery: POSITIVE (POS, P or
+) and NEGATIVE (NEG, N or -). The
positive post is usually larger than
the negative post.
4. Identify which battery post is
grounded or connected to the
chassis. THIS IS NORMALLY THE
NEGATIVE POST.
6. Plug power cord into an AC outlet.
The charger will be set to the Tester
Mode for REGULAR battery type.
7. Press the appropriate control buttons
to select the desired charge rate and
battery type. The CHARGING (yellow)
LED should light and the charging
process should start. If the CHECK
(red) LED is on, check for correct
cable connections.
8. To disconnect the charger, unplug its
power cord before attempting to
disconnect the output clamps. Then,
standing away from the battery,
remove the output clamp from the
chassis or engine block. Finally,
remove the output clamp from the
battery post.
NEGATIVE GROUNDED SYSTEM
5. Connecting to a negative-grounded
system: Connect the red (POSITIVE)
output clamp to the POSITIVE post of
the battery. Rock and twist the clamp
back and forth to be sure a solid
electrical connection is made. Then
connect the black (NEGATIVE) output
clamp to a heavy, unpainted metal
9. Clean and store the charger in a dry
location.
6
5. Plug the power cord into an AC
outlet. The charger will be set to the
Tester Mode for REGULAR battery
type.
CHARGING BATTERY REMOVED
FROM THE VEHICLE:
POSITIVE
NEGATIVE
6. Press the appropriate control buttons
to select the desired charge rate and
battery type. The CHARGING (yellow)
LED should light and the charging
process should start. If the CHECK
(red) LED is on, check for correct
cable connections.
BATTERY CHARGER
BATTERY
24", 6 GAUGE
CABLE
POWER
CORD
TO
GROUNDED
POWER
OUTLET
7. To disconnect the charger, unplug its
power cord before attempting to
disconnect the charger clamps.
Then, standing away from the battery,
remove the output clamp from the
NEGATIVE battery post. Finally,
remove the output clamp from the
POSITIVE battery post.
1. Note the polarity of the battery posts
by checking the identification marks
on the battery: POSITIVE (POS, P or
+) and NEGATIVE (NEG, N or -). The
positive post is usually larger than
the negative post.
8. Clean and store the charger in a dry
location.
2. Attach at least a 24-inch-long, 6gauge (AWG), insulated battery
cable to NEGATIVE (NEG, N or -)
battery post. Rock and twist the
clamp back and forth to be sure a
solid electrical connection is made.
IMPORTANT: Follow all safety instructions and precautions when charging
your battery. Wear complete eye
protection and clothing protection.
Charge your battery in a well-ventilated
area.
3. Connect the red (POSITIVE) output
clamp to the POSITIVE battery post.
Rock and twist the clamp back and
forth to be sure a solid electrical
connection is made.
4. Position yourself as far away from
the battery as possible, and then
connect the black (NEGATIVE)
output clamp to the free end of the
cable.
7
SPEEDCHARGE CONTROL
SC-1200A CONTROL PANEL
DISPLAY MODE SWITCH
Use this switch to set the function of the
digital meter to one of the following
three.
• BATTERY %: The digital meter
displays an estimate of the percent of
charge of the battery connected to the
charger battery clamps.
• VOLTAGE: The digital meter displays
the voltage at the charger battery
clamps in DC volts.
• ALTERNATOR %: The digital meter
displays an estimate of the output of
the vehicle charging system connected to the charger battery clamps
as compared to a properly functioning
system.
BATTERY TYPE SWITCH
Use this switch button to set the type of
battery to be charged to one of the
following three.
CHARGE RATE SWITCH
Use this switch button to set the charge
rate to one of the following three.
• 2A CHARGE RATE: Intended for
charging small batteries such as
those commonly used in garden
tractors, snow mobiles and motorcycles. The 2A rate is not intended to
be used as a trickle charger for larger
batteries.
• 8A or 12A CHARGE RATE: Use for
charging automotive batteries,
marine batteries, and deep cycle
batteries. Not intended for industrial
applications.
With the exception of AGM and gel cell
batteries, all other battery types may or
may not have vent caps. Vent caps are
located on top of the battery and
provide a means to add distilled water
when needed. Batteries should be
marked with their type. If charging a
battery that is not marked, check the
manual of the item that uses the battery.
If the battery type is unknown, use the
REGULAR setting. Make sure the
battery complies with the safety instructions on page 3.
• REGULAR: This is the type of battery
usually used in cars, trucks, and
motorcycles. These batteries have
vent caps and are often marked “low
maintenance” or “maintenance-free”.
• DEEP CYCLE: Deep cycle batteries
are usually marked as “deep cycle” or
“marine”. Deep cycle batteries are
usually larger than the other types.
• AGM, GEL CELL: AGM and gel cell
batteries have sealed cases without
vent caps. Such batteries are often
smaller than the other types.
8
Initial power-up, battery not detected
No battery or reversed battery detected
Battery tester activated
Battery tester with charged battery
Battery tester with no battery
Voltage meter activated
Alternator tester activated
Alternator tester on good alternator
Alternator tester on bad alternator
2 Amp charge with battery detected
8 Amp charge with battery detected
12 Amp charge with battery detected
Charge complete - Maintain Mode started
Desulfation mode activated
Charge aborted
O indicates an LED that is on continuously.
B indicates an LED that blinks on and off.
9
O
O
O
B
O
O
O
Ch
arg
ed
Ch
a
rg
ing
Ch
ec
k
B
O
O
O
O
l ta
ge
O
User selected
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
User sel.
User sel.
User sel.
User sel.
User sel.
Ba
tte
ry
%
Vo
MODE OF OPERATION
O
O
User selected
O
User selected
User selected
O
User selected
User selected
User selected
User selected
User selected
User selected
User selected
User selected
User selected
User selected
User selected
Digital
Display
0.0
0% or 0.0V
0~100%
100%
0%
0.0~17.0V
0~199%
0~199%
0~199%
xx% or xx.xV
xx% or xx.xV
xx% or xx.xV
100% or xx.xV
15% or 16V
18.8 (B)
Al
te
r
n
ato
r%
2A
MP
8A
MP
12
AM
P
R
e
gu
lar
De
e
p
-C
yc
le
AG
G e M,
lC
ell
SC-1200A CONTROL PANEL GUIDE
CONTROL PANEL GUIDE
USING THE BUILT-IN BATTERY TESTER
OVERVIEW
The charger has a built-in battery tester
that displays either an accurate battery
voltage or an estimate of the battery’s
relative charge based on the battery
voltage and a scale set by the Battery
Council International.
TESTING AFTER CHARGING
After the unit has been changed from
tester to charger (by selecting a charge
rate), it remains a charger as long as it
has power. Disconnect and reconnect
the power to change the unit back to a
tester.
TESTING SEQUENCE
There are four basic steps required to
use the charger as a battery tester.
1. Connect the charger battery clamps to
the battery. Be sure to follow all of the
precautions listed under “OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS”.
2. Connect the charger power cord to a
120 VAC outlet. Again, be sure to follow
all of the precautions listed under “OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS”.
3. If necessary, press the Battery Type
button until the correct type is indicated.
4. Read the voltage on the digital meter or
press the display mode button to set
the tester to “Battery %” and read the
battery percent.
TESTER STATUS LED’s
When the charger is operating as a
battery tester, the status LED’s light
under the following conditions.
• The CHARGED (green) LED will light
if a fully charged battery is tested.
• The CHARGING (yellow) LED does
not light in the battery test mode.
• The CHECK (red) LED will light if a
battery is not properly connected.
• When the tester display mode is set
to voltage, none of the Status LED’s
light (it could be testing a battery or
an alternator) as long as a voltage
greater than one volt is detected.
INITIAL PERCENT CALCULATION
When a battery % is calculated for the
first time after connecting a battery, the
digital meter will show two dashes (“--”)
for several seconds while the tester
analyzes the battery.
TESTER AND CHARGER
When first turned on, the charger
operates only as a tester, not as a
charger. To continue to use it as only a
tester, avoid pressing the CHARGE
RATE switch button. Selecting a charge
rate activates the battery charger and
deactivates the tester.
NOTES FOR TESTING BATTERY %
A recently charged battery could have a
temporarily high voltage due to what is
known as “surface charge”. The voltage
of such a battery will gradually drop
during the period immediately after the
charging system is disengaged.
Consequently, the tester could display
inconsistent values for such a battery.
For a more accurate reading, the
surface charge should be removed by
temporarily creating a load on the
battery, such as by turning on lights or
other accessories.
POWER-UP IDLE TIME LIMIT
If no switch button is pressed within ten
minutes after the unit is first powered
up, the unit will automatically switch
from tester to charger, if a battery is
connected. In that case, the unit will be
set for the 2A charge rate and REGULAR battery type.
TESTER WITHOUT TIME LIMIT
If either the DISPLAY MODE or BATTERY TYPE button is pressed within the
first ten minutes after the unit is
powered up, the unit will remain a tester
(not a charger) indefinitely, unless a
charge rate is selected.
The battery % ranges from 0 to 100.
The battery tester is only designed to
test 12V batteries. Testing a device with
a rapidly changing voltage could yield
unexpected or inaccurate results.
10
USING THE BUILT-IN ALTERNATOR TESTER
The charger has a built-in alternator
tester that displays either an accurate
alternator voltage or a percentage
estimate of the alternator’s relative
output compared to normal alternators.
The Alternator % values displayed
should be taken as general reference,
not precise diagnosis. The alternator
tester functions the same as the battery
tester (see previous section of this
manual for details) with a few differences.
TESTER STATUS LED’s
When the charger is operating as an
alternator tester, the status LED’s light
under the following conditions:
• The CHARGED (green) LED will light
if the output of the charging system is
at the normally desired level.
• The CHARGING (yellow) LED does
not light in the alternator test mode.
• The CHECK (red) LED lights if the
voltage is much higher or lower than
normally desired level.
• When the tester display mode is set
to voltage, none of the status LED’s
light (charger could be testing a
battery or an alternator) as long as a
voltage greater than one volt is
detected.
TESTING SEQUENCE
There are three basic steps required to
use the charger as an alternator tester.
1. Connect the charger battery clamps
to the battery or charging system. Be
sure to follow all of the precautions
listed under “OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS”.
2. Connect the charger power cord to a
120 VAC outlet. Again, be sure to
follow all of the precautions listed
under “OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS”.
3. Start the vehicle and turn on the
vehicle’s headlights. Read the voltage
on the digital meter or press the
display mode button to set the tester
to “Alternator %” and read the
alternator percent.
ALTERNATOR TESTING NOTES
• The alternator percent display can
range from 0 to 199.
• The display mode cannot be set to
“Alternator %” during charging.
• If the charger is in the charge mode,
disconnect the AC cord from the
outlet and reconnect to activate the
tester mode.
11
USING YOUR BATTERY CHARGER
OVERVIEW
Using the battery charger is very simple.
First, connect the battery and AC power
following the precautions listed under
“OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS”. Then
select the appropriate BATTERY TYPE
and CHARGE RATE for your battery. The
charger will then do everything automatically. This section explains a few
details.
indicated by blinking the CHARGING
LED. If successful, normal charging will
resume after the battery is desulfated.
The CHARGING LED will then stop
blinking and light continuously.
Desulfation could take up to 10 hours. If
desulfation fails, charging will be
aborted and the CHECK (red) LED will
blink.
COMPLETION OF CHARGING: Charge
completion is indicated by the
CHARGED (green) LED; when lit, the
charger has stopped charging and
switched to the Maintain Mode of
operation.
CHARGING: If the charger does not
detect a properly connected battery, the
CHECK (red) LED will light continuously
until a battery is detected. Charging will
not begin while the CHECK light is on.
When charging begins, the CHARGING
LED will be lit.
MAINTAIN MODE: When the CHARGED
(green) LED is lit, the charger has
started Maintain Mode. This mode of
operation is also known as Float-Mode
Monitoring. In this mode, the charger
keeps the battery fully charged by
delivering a small current, when
necessary. The voltage is maintained at
a level determined by the BATTERY
TYPE selected.
AUTOMATIC SHUT OFF: When the 2A,
8A, or 12A charge rate is selected, the
charger is set to perform an automatic
charge. When an automatic charge is
performed, the charger stops charging
automatically after the battery is fully
charged.
ABORTED CHARGE: If charging can’t be
completed normally, charging will be
aborted. When charging is aborted, the
charger’s output is shut off and the red
CHECK LED and digital meter blink on
and off (at opposite times). In that state,
the charger ignores all buttons. To reset
from after an aborted charge, either
disconnect the battery or unplug the
charger.
GENERAL CHARGING NOTES:
The charger is designed to control its
cooling fan for efficient operation.
Consequently, it is normal for the fan to
start and stop when maintaining a fully
charged battery. The fan does not
normally run in Tester Mode.
If the charge mode is changed after
charging has started (by pressing the
CHARGE RATE or BATTERY TYPE
button), the charging process will be
restarted.
DESULFATION MODE: If a battery is left
discharged for an extended period, it
could become sulfated and not accept a
normal charge. If the charger detects a
sulfated battery, the charger will switch
to a special mode of operation designed for such batteries. Activation of
the special desulfation mode is
The voltage displayed during charging
is the charging voltage and usually will
be higher than the battery’s resting
voltage.
12
KNOW YOUR CHARGER
Read this entire manual before using your charger. The items below are additional
features of your charger.
Relay: Your charger is equipped with a
relay. This device turns the charge
current on and off to the battery. It is
normal to occasionally hear a clicking
sound when the relay is turned on or off.
Overtemperature Protection: Your
charger is equipped with an internal
thermocouple. This device monitors the
temperature and allows the charger to
turn the fan on and off as needed. If the
temperature rises above a preset level,
the charge current will be reduced to
allow the charger to cool. If the temperature can not be reduced at the lower
charge rate, the charge current will be
turned off until the temperature is
reduced to a normal level. The charger
will then continue where it left off. For
best results, do not place the charger in
direct sunlight or enclosed spaces with
high temperatures.
Fan: Your charger is equipped with a
fan. It is normal for the fan to be on
while the charger is charging (as long
as the voltage is above 9V). The fan is
normally off at other times but may cycle
on and off due to temperature or other
conditions (See Overtemperature
Protection). Keep the area near the
charger clear of obstructions to allow
the fan to operate efficiently.
CHARGING TIPS
Read this entire manual before using your charger. The tips below serve only as a
guide for specific situations.
Reviving your battery: If you only wish
to charge your battery enough to
operate your vehicle; you don’t need to
wait for the entire charging process to
be completed. When the charger
displays a battery % of 77 or more (see
page 14), the battery has usually been
charged enough for the vehicle to start
and operate normally.
Completing an interrupted charge: If
the charging process has been
interrupted and restarted after the
charger displays a battery % of 85 or
more, the charger could go straight to
Maintain Mode (see previous page).
However, if the original charge was
started using 12A, the charge can often
be completed using the 2A rate.
MAINTENANCE AND CARE
A minimal amount of care can keep your battery charger working properly for years.
1. Clean the clamps each time you are finished charging. Wipe off any battery fluid
that may have come in contact with the clamps to prevent corrosion.
2. Coil the input and output cords neatly when storing the charger. This will help
prevent accidental damage to the cords and charger.
3. Occasional cleaning of the case of the charger with a soft cloth will keep the finish
shiny and help prevent corrosion.
4. Store the battery charger in a clean and dry location.
13
BATTERY PERCENT AND CHARGE TIME
This charger adjusts the charging time
in order to charge the battery completely, efficiently and safely. The
microprocessor automatically makes
the necessary decisions. However, this
section includes guidelines that can be
used to estimate charging times.
There are some important facts to keep
in mind when charging a battery.
• When the display indicates 77%
charged, the battery has been
charged enough to start most vehicles
and has already been charged as
much as by many other battery
chargers.
The duration of the charging process
depends on three factors:
1. Battery State – If a battery has only
been slightly discharged, it can be
charged in less than a few hours. The
same battery could take up to 10
hours if very weak. The battery state
can be estimated by using the built-in
tester (see page 10). The lower the
reading the longer charging will take.
• When the display indicates 85%
charged, the battery has already been
charged at least as much as by most
other battery chargers.
• The battery % shown in tester mode
is an estimate based on the battery
voltage and a scale set by the Battery
Council International. The battery %
shown in charger mode is an
estimate of the relative charge in the
battery compared to the charge it
should have if the charging process
is allowed to complete.
2. Battery rating – A higher rated
battery will take longer to charge than
a lower rated battery under the same
conditions. A battery is rated in
ampere-hours (AH), reserve capacity
(RC) and cold cranking amps (CCA).
The lower the rating the faster the
battery will be charged.
• The battery % shown in tester mode
can be used to estimate the relative
charge time. The lower the % shown,
the longer the charge time for a given
battery.
3. Charge rate – The charge rate is
measured in amps. This charger
provides charge rates of 2A, 8A and
12A. The 2A rate is for charging
smaller batteries such as those
used for motorcycles and garden
tractors. Such batteries should not
be charged using the 8A or 12A
rates. The 8A and 12A rates are for
charging larger batteries. The
charger charges at the selected
charge rate and eventually reduces
the charge rate in a controlled
manner. After the charging process
has started, the digital display can be
used to determine charging
progress by selecting the BATTERY
% mode.
• The battery % shown in charger
mode is an indication of the relative
progress of the charging process.
The higher the battery % displayed,
the less charge time remains.
• The more a battery is discharged, the
faster it absorbs charge from a
charger. That means that the battery
% increases faster at the beginning
of the charging process than at the
end. In other words, it takes longer for
the battery to absorb the last few
percent of charge than the first
several percent.
14
TROUBLESHOOTING
Performance problems often can be corrected by the user. Please completely read
this chart for possible solutions to common problems.
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
The battery is connected and
the charger is on, but it isn't
charging.
The charger is in tester
mode, not charger mode.
Press the CHARGE RATE
button to select a charge rate
and activate charging.
Indicator lights are lit in an
erratic manner not explained
in the “Using Your Battery
Charger” section.
The charger may be
defective.
Return to place of purchase
for replacement.
A button may have been
pressed when the charger
was plugged in.
Make sure nothing is
touching the control panel,
then unplug the unit and
plug it in again.
All the lights are flashing.
Charger in abort mode.
Battery may be bad.
See “USING YOUR BATTERY
CHARGER.”
The CHECK (red) light
always flashes before the
battery is completely
charged.
This will happen if the
battery did not reach full
charge within 24 hours. May
be due to a very large
battery or a bank of batteries
requiring more power than
the charger can deliver in
24 hours. Battery may also
be faulty.
Reset the charger by unplugging it or briefly disconnecting the negative battery
clip. Select the desired
charge rate and battery type
again, if necessary.
The green CHARGED light
turns on a few minutes after
connecting to the battery.
The battery may be fully
charged or recently charged,
leaving the battery voltage
high enough to appear to be
fully charged.
If the battery is in a vehicle,
turn the headlights on for a
few minutes to reduce the
battery voltage and try
charging again. Also try a
lower CHARGE RATE
selection.
The charger is making an
audible clicking sound.
The charger has a relay that
turns the current on and off
to the battery.
No problem, this is a normal
condition.
The fan turns on and off
unexpectedly.
The fan is turned on and
off as determined by the
software and temperature.
No problem, this is a normal
condition.
The measured current is
much lower than what
was selected.
The charger reached the
maximum voltage and is
reducing the current.
No problem, this is a normal
condition.
The charger detected an
over-temperature condition
and has reduced the current
to allow the unit to cool.
Make sure the charger does
not have the side ventilation
holes blocked. Move charger
out of the sun and into the
shade.
The battery is supplying the
power to the display.
Disconnect the battery or
press CHARGE RATE or
BATTERY TYPE switch.
The charger was unplugged
from the wall but the display
is still on.
15
LIMITED WARRANTY
SCHUMACHER ELECTRIC CORPORATION,
801 BUSINESS CENTER DRIVE,
MOUNT PROSPECT, ILLINOIS 60056-2179
MAKES THIS LIMITED WARRANTY TO THE ORIGINAL PURCHASER AT RETAIL
OF THIS PRODUCT. THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS NOT TRANSFERABLE.
Schumacher Electric Corporation warrants this battery charger for five years from
date of purchase at retail against defective material or workmanship. If such should
occur, the unit will be repaired or replaced at the option of the manufacturer. It is the
obligation of the purchaser to forward the unit together with proof of purchase,
transportation and/or mailing charges prepaid to the manufacturer or its authorized
representative.
This limited warranty is void if the product is misused, subjected to careless handling,
or repaired by anyone other than the manufacturer or its authorized representative.
The manufacturer makes no warranty other than this limited warranty and expressly
excludes any implied warranty including any warranty for consequential damages.
THIS IS THE ONLY EXPRESS LIMITED WARRANTY AND THE MANUFACTURER
NEITHER ASSUMES NOR AUTHORIZES ANYONE TO ASSUME OR MAKE ANY
OTHER OBLIGATION TOWARDS THE PRODUCT OTHER THAN THIS EXPRESS
LIMITED WARRANTY. THE MANUFACTURER MAKES NO WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PURPOSE OF THIS PRODUCT AND
EXPRESSLY EXCLUDES SUCH FROM THIS LIMITED WARRANTY.
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LENGTH OF IMPLIED WARRANTY SO
THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS OR EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS AND YOU MAY ALSO
HAVE OTHER RIGHTS THAT VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
WARRANTY VALIDATION: The enclosed “Warranty Validation Card” must be
completed and mailed within 10 days of product purchase to activate this limited
warranty.
16
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