Axel | Falcon 15 | User manual | Axel Falcon 15 User manual

Axel Falcon 15 User manual
Falcon 3i
User Manual
FM Audio Processor
(Rev. 2.0 ENG)
ENG
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................................................... 5
1.1
FALCON AUDIO PROCESSOR - VERSIONS AVAILABLE ............................................................................... 5
1.2
OPTIONS AVAILABLE FOR THE FALCON SERIES AUDIO PROCESSOR ..................................................... 5
1.3
USE OF THIS MANUAL ..................................................................................................................................... 5
1.4
FALCON 3I – DEPLIANT E BROCHURE ....................................................................................................................... 6
1.5
COMPARISON TABLE BETWEEN FALCON AUDIO PROCESSOR ....................................................................................... 8
2
SAFETY WARNINGS / ISTRUZIONI PER LA SICUREZZA .................................................................................... 10
2.1
FOREWORD ................................................................................................................................................... 10
3
SAFETY WARNINGS ............................................................................................................................................... 11
4
CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ IMPORTANTES ......................................................................................................... 12
5
ISTRUZIONI IMPORTANTI PER LA SICUREZZA ................................................................................................... 13
6
WICHTIGE SICHERHEITSHINWEISE...................................................................................................................... 14
7
INSTRUCCIONES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURIDAD ............................................................................................. 16
8
UNPACKING AND INSPECTION ............................................................................................................................. 18
9
FIRST INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS ...................................................................................................... 19
9.1
POWER SUPPLY CABLE ................................................................................................................................ 19
9.2
AC MAINS VOLTAGE SETTING (230 V / 115 V) .............................................................................................. 19
9.3
FUSE REPLACEMENT ................................................................................................................................... 20
9.4
PROTECTION AGAINST LIGHTNING............................................................................................................. 21
9.5
VENTILATION ................................................................................................................................................. 22
10
FALCON 3i – GENERAL DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................................... 23
10.1
FALCON 3I – FRONT PANEL .......................................................................................................................... 23
10.2
FALCON 3I - REAR PANEL ............................................................................................................................. 24
11
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF FALCON 3i .................................................................................................................... 26
12
INSTALLATION AND USE OF THE FALCON 3i CONTROL SOFTWARE ........................................................ 27
13
USE OF THE AUDIO CHANGEOVER ADDRESS MANAGER SOFTWARE ..................................................... 29
14
USE OF UNIVERSAL REMOTER SOFTWARE .................................................................................................. 30
14.1
“SINGLE TARGET MODE” OR “NETWORK MODE”? ..................................................................................................... 30
14.2
“SINGLE TARGET MODE” CONNECTION ................................................................................................................... 31
14.3
DIRECT UPLINK VIA MODEM......................................................................................................................... 32
14.4
CONNECTION TO A DIAL-UP MODEM .......................................................................................................... 33
14.5
DIRECT LINK CONNECTION .................................................................................................................................... 34
15
FALCON 3i CONTROL VIA SOFTWARE ........................................................................................................... 35
15.1
TYPE OF FALCON DEVICE CONNECTED ..................................................................................................... 36
15.2
"SETTINGS" SECTION.................................................................................................................................... 37
15.2.1 Target Settings: ............................................................................................................................................................. 37
15.2.2 The Falcon 3i internal clock: ........................................................................................................................................ 37
15.2.3 Aux. Settings - SCA inputs ............................................................................................................................................. 38
15.2.4 Split Circuit: .................................................................................................................................................................. 38
15.2.5 Audio Preset Manager and Alarm:................................................................................................................................ 39
16
THE MPX GENERATOR ..................................................................................................................................... 39
1.1
MPX SECTION ..................................................................................................................................................... 40
16.1.1 MPX Output Level ......................................................................................................................................................... 40
16.1.2 Pilot Control.................................................................................................................................................................. 40
16.1.3 Output Source Selection ................................................................................................................................................ 40
16.1.4 MPX Clipper ................................................................................................................................................................. 41
16.1.5 MPX Output Mode......................................................................................................................................................... 41
17
AUDIO CONTROL ............................................................................................................................................... 42
17.1
AUDIO INPUTS ..................................................................................................................................................... 43
17.1.1 Analog Input .................................................................................................................................................................. 43
17.1.2 Phase rotator input........................................................................................................................................................ 44
17.1.3 Digital Input .................................................................................................................................................................. 45
17.1.4 Input Setup .................................................................................................................................................................... 45
17.1.5 What are pre-emphasis and de-emphasis and what are they for? ................................................................................. 45
17.2
AUDIO OUTPUTS .................................................................................................................................................. 46
17.2.1 Analog Output ............................................................................................................................................................... 46
17.2.2 Digital Output ............................................................................................................................................................... 46
17.3
SIGNAL GENERATOR ............................................................................................................................................ 47
17.4
AUDIO PRE-PROCESS........................................................................................................................................... 48
17.4.1 AGC: Automatic Gain Control. ..................................................................................................................................... 48
17.4.2 Pre-Process Equalizer ................................................................................................................................................... 49
17.4.3 Speech Detector............................................................................................................................................................. 49
17.5
AUDIO PROCESS ................................................................................................................................................. 50
17.6
QUALITY OF THE AUDIO MATERIAL IN FALCON 3I INPUT ............................................................................................. 51
17.7
MULTIBAND CONTROL MULTIBAND CONTROL AND MULTIBAND PROCESS /1 ................................................................. 52
| INTRODUCTION
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17.8
FALCON 3I CROSS OVER FREQUENCY .................................................................................................................... 52
17.9
MULTIBAND CONTROL AND MULTIBAND PROCESS /2 ................................................................................................. 53
17.9.1 Multiband Process: ....................................................................................................................................................... 53
17.9.2 Coupling (Band Coupling) ............................................................................................................................................ 53
17.9.3 Brilliance Control.......................................................................................................................................................... 53
17.9.4 Final Limiter Drive ....................................................................................................................................................... 53
17.9.5 Final Limiter Section ..................................................................................................................................................... 54
1. RDS / RBDS GENERATOR - GENERAL SETUP .................................................................................................... 55
17.10 RDS GENERATOR - RDS ENCODER BLOCK DIAGRAM .............................................................................. 56
17.10.1
On/off, RDS phase and level ..................................................................................................................................... 56
17.10.2
UECP- OR NON-UECP-COMPATIBLE PROGRAMMING MODES...................................................................... 56
17.11.1
CHARACTER TABLES (FOR RT, PS, PTYN SERVICES)........................................................................................ 57
17.11.2
ACTIVE DATASET AND ALTERNATIVES DATASET............................................................................................. 57
17.11.3
TA CONTROL (TYPE 15B GROUPS) EON - TA Control ........................................................................................ 57
17.12 FALCON 3I ACCESS RIGHTS .................................................................................................................................. 58
17.13 STATIC RDS SETTINGS IN THE FALCON 3I ................................................................................................................ 59
17.14 INTERNAL CLOCK SYNCHRONIZATION AND 'CT' SERVICE ENABLING .................................................... 59
18
DATASET 1 CONFIGURATION .......................................................................................................................... 60
18.1
INTRODUCTION TO DATASET1 .................................................................................................................... 60
18.2
RDS GROUP CONFIGURATION (‘SERVICES’ PANEL) ........................................................................................ 60
18.3
EON/PSN SERVICES IN DATASET 1 ............................................................................................................. 61
18.4
PI (PROGRAMME IDENTIFIER) CODE........................................................................................................... 62
18.4.1 PROGRAM IDENTIFIER CODE IN RDS MODE ........................................................................................................ 62
18.4.2 PROGRAM IDENTIFIER CODE IN RBDS MODE ...................................................................................................... 62
18.5
DI (DECODER IDENTIFIER) ........................................................................................................................... 63
18.6
LINKAGE INFORMATION (LA, EG, ILS, LSN) .................................................................................................... 63
18.7
TP, TA, MS CONFIGURATION & RELATIVE REMOTE CONTROL/MONITORING..................................................... 63
18.8
SLOW LABELLING CODES ............................................................................................................................ 65
18.9
ALTERNATIVE FREQUENCIES (AF) .............................................................................................................. 66
18.10 AF LIST CONSTRUCTION METHOD .............................................................................................................. 67
18.11 “METHOD A” AND “METHOD B” FOR THE AF.................................................................................................. 69
18.12 RADIO TEXT PANEL ....................................................................................................................................... 71
18.13 PIN – PTY SERVICES ..................................................................................................................................... 73
18.14 PROGRAMME SERVICE NAME ..................................................................................................................... 75
18.15 VARIABLE PS ITEMS - STANDARD OPERATION .......................................................................................... 76
18.15.1
PS SEQUENCES ...................................................................................................................................................... 76
18.16 THE SCHEDULER ........................................................................................................................................... 77
18.16.1
START....................................................................................................................................................................... 79
18.16.2
SELECTING AN ITEM TYPE ................................................................................................................................... 79
18.16.3
SELECTING AN ITEM NUMBER ............................................................................................................................ 79
18.16.4
SETTING THE SCHEDULER TIME AND DATE .................................................................................................... 80
18.16.5
ENABLING AN EVENT ............................................................................................................................................ 82
18.16.6
EVENT REFRESH .................................................................................................................................................... 82
18.16.7
CLEARING A SCHEDULED EVENT ...................................................................................................................... 82
18.16.8
EVENT PRIORITY.................................................................................................................................................... 82
18.16.9
OVERALL SCHEDULER EXAMPLES ..................................................................................................................... 83
18.17 EON NETWORK CONFIGURATION IN DATASET 1 ......................................................................................... 85
19
ALTERNATIVE DATASET 2 - CONFIGURATION AND RECALL...................................................................... 86
19.1
DATASET 'RECALL' MODE............................................................................................................................. 86
19.2
SELECTING THE ALTERNATIVE DATASET................................................................................................... 86
19.3
DIRECT SELECTION OF DATASET 1 VIA A DIFFERENT DS.......................................................................... 86
20
TECHNICAL APPENDIX ..................................................................................................................................... 87
20.1
APPENDIX A – BALANCED AUDIO CONNECTION AND PINOUT ................................................................. 87
20.2
APPENDIX B – SERIAL CONNECTION E PINOUT ......................................................................................... 87
20.3
APPENDIX C –ETHERNET/LAN CONNECTIONS .......................................................................................... 88
20.4
APPENDIX D –USB A/B CONNECTION .......................................................................................................... 88
1.2
APPENDIX F - GPIO PORT ............................................................................................................................. 89
1.2.1
GP In connection via internal activation (Relay) .......................................................................................................... 89
1.2.2
GP In connection via external signal activation (TTL) ................................................................................................. 90
1.2.3
GP In correspondancy (Internal view) .......................................................................................................................... 91
1.2.4
GP In (Optocoupler) correspondence ........................................................................................................................... 91
1.2.5
GP Out (Open Collector) correspondence .................................................................................................................... 92
1.2.6
GP In and GP Out Correspondence – Test Board Circuit ............................................................................................ 93
2
APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE ........................................................................................... 94
2.1.1
Analog connection ......................................................................................................................................................... 94
2.1.2
AES/EBU Digital connection......................................................................................................................................... 95
2.1.3
Analog connection and two transmitters ....................................................................................................................... 96
| INTRODUCTION
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2.1.4
Analog Connection and an RDS Encoder (SideChain).................................................................................................. 97
2.1.5
Analog Connection and an Axel Technology RDS encoder (SideChain) ....................................................................... 98
2.1.6
Analog Connection and an Axel Technology RDS encoder (Loop-Through) ................................................................ 99
2.1.7
Analog Connection and a RDS Encoder (Loop-Through) ........................................................................................... 100
21
APPENDIX F – FIRMWARE UPDATE PROCEDURE ...................................................................................... 101
21.1
PREPARING THE DEVICE FOR UPGRADING ............................................................................................. 101
22
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION -FALCON 3I ..................................................................................................... 103
23
WEEE Directive – Informativa RAEE .............................................................................................................. 104
24
GUARANTEE .................................................................................................................................................... 105
25
DECLARATION OF ROHS CONFORMITY ....................................................................................................... 105
26
FINAL NOTES AND AXEL TECHNOLOGY CONTACT DETAILS ................................................................... 106
| INTRODUCTION
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1 INTRODUCTION
1.1
FALCON AUDIO PROCESSOR - VERSIONS AVAILABLE
CODE#
MODEL
COMMERCIAL DESCRIPTION
A106360000
FALCON 3i
4-Band Digital FM Audio Processor with MPX stereo generator. Analog and
digital inputs and outputs and double MPX output. MPX Split. AGC, equalizer
and speech detector, final limiter drive and brilliance control. 4 GPIn and 4
GPOut, Rs232 serial port and USB. Remote control software.
A106370000
FALCON VS
5-Band Digital FM Audio Processor, MPX stereo generator, multiband AGC,
stereo enhancer, brilliance control, lookahead limiter, expander, and overdrive.
Audio changeover, MPX and Analog/Digital I/O, double MPX output. MPX
Split. Four GP inputs and four GP outputs. USB and Serial port. Remote
control software.
A106380000
FALCON XT
5-Band Digital FM-Audio Processor, MPX stereo generator, multiband AGC,
superbass, stereo enhancer, overdrive, brilliance control, lookahead limiter,
audio changeover, analog, digital and MPX IN/OUT. MPX Split. Ethernet.
SNMP agent Web Server, GPS interface. Four GP inputs and four GP outputs.
Remote control software.
1.2
OPTIONS AVAILABLE FOR THE FALCON SERIES AUDIO PROCESSOR
CODE#
MODEL
COMMERCIAL DESCRIPTION
NOTES
A106360300
F-RDS
Digital RDS/RBDS encoder.
Static service generation: 60
programmable PS messages for Datasets, RadioText, Alternative
Frequency (AF), Traffic Program (TP), Traffic Announcement (TA),
EON, M/S, DI, CT, PI, PTY, PIN. Two available datasets
interchangeable via remote control. UECP SPB490 compliant.
Available for all
Falcon models
A106370300
F_VS-LAN
Optional Ethernet port for LAN-type connections (TCP/IP and UDP) and
RS232 connection (ASCII Parser) for Falcon VS only.
For Falcon
only
1.3
USE OF THIS MANUAL
This manual is for the Falcon 3i. Certain features may be altered without prior notice.
| INTRODUCTION
5
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ENG
1.4
FALCON 3I – DEPLIANT E BROCHURE
Falcon 3i
DIGITAL AUDIO PROCESSOR
HIGHLIGHTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
4-Band digital Audio Processor
Analog and AES/EBU input and output over XLR
composite outputs and 2 AUX inputs
Stereo generator with composite clipper
Digital RDS encoder, 2 dataset
AGC, Brilliance control, speech detector,3-Band Eq
Usb, Serial, 4 GPIn-4 GPOut
Front headphone output
Hardware bypass
| INTRODUCTION
6
MAIN FEATURES
Falcon 3i is a Digital Audio Processor, a Stereo Generator and an RDS encoder, all in a single device, specifically
designed for FM radio broadcast market, Webradio and Satellite.
The audio processor Falcon 3i is based on technology dedicated to DSP architecture with a 4-band audio processing.
The Stereo Generator Fully digital, you can create a Multiplex signal with absolute precision. To complete Falcon 3i, a
RDS Encoder that provides a fully digital RDS static service. Falcon 3i provides the broadcaster advanced features,
providing an excellent signal that ensures total reliability and stability in modulation.
The features available on the Audio Processor is complete and fully customizable control 4-band compression, and drive
with customizable threshold, a powerful dual-band AGC, a three-band equalizer for Low-Middle-High frequency and
control of Brilliance. The control of the phases of monophonic audio, gives the sound of the human voice a more natural
and pleasant listening, while the final limiter drive maximizes the presence of sound. The soundprint of each channel can
be created from one of ten preset audio files already on Falcon 3i, and save it on the equipment to retrieve it according to
the program, it is also possible to preset a command through the GPIn port.
Onboard Audio Processor there’s a digital tone generator sample frequency and variable amplitude, available on analog
output, digital and MPX output for accurate calibration and fair view of the network. The Composite Clipper place on the
Stereo Generator provides the highest level of modulation, within the limits of deviation required by regulations worldwide.
Falcon third makes the sound of each issuer unique and free of artifacts.
The Falcon 3i front panel has two large LCD displays, the first LCD shows the whole process input and output from the
audio processor, including the amount of intervention on each single compressor band, the limiting introduced by the
multiband limiter, the AGC level, input and output levels of audio sources analog, digital and MPX. The second display
shows all Falcon 3i parameters such as preset on the air, RDS station name, GP In and GP Out status. Again on the
front panel there is a headphone output for monitoring the audio process introduced by the Falcon 3i. So it’s simple to
hear the difference between the original audio and the processed one.
The internal RDS encoder available as an option, provides two DataSet, each with a wide range of services including
static programmable PS 60 messages, 16 RadioText messages, Alternative Frequency (AF) to receive the best
frequency as a function of 'coverage area, the Traffic Program (TP) / Traffic Announcement (TA) to listen to traffic
information and functions such as EON, M/S, DI, CT, PI, PTY, PIN. The switching between the DataSet can occur by
serial commands, GPIO or TCP/IP from a radio automation system. The RDS encoder complies with UECP SPB490
The connectivity of Falcon 3i is complete and manifold. The rear panel features balanced XLR connectors for the
connection of the inputs and outputs in analog and digital AES / EBU. As regards the part MPX are available two outputs
individually buffered and independent for the signal MPX+RDS, plus two additional inputs AUX (SCA) with different
functionality. An AUX input (SCA) expressly intended use of external RDS encoder, while a second input is able to switch
the audio from another processor MPX and create a subnet managed by an automation system. All outputs are equipped
with hardware bypass in case of fault of the apparatus.
For remote connections are available an Ethernet TCP/IP (on option) a RS232 serial port, a USB port and a connection
port GP In and GP Out to optocouplers and open collector representing the operating states and alarms. Falcon 3i can
be controlled remotely via Windows-based client software or through a common http thanks to the web server (on option).
Universal power supply 90-264Vac 47-63Hz to operate in any region of the world Falcon 3i occupies 1 rack unit 19 "
Falcon 3i for all of its features is the audio processor and RDS encoder with the best quality / price ratio on the market.
ENG
1.5
COMPARISON TABLE BETWEEN FALCON AUDIO PROCESSOR
General Features
Falcon 3i
Falcon VS
Falcon XT
Note
Price List / MSRP
Audio processor band management
Audio process architecture
Stereo Generator – MPX Encoder
RDS Encoder
Input and Output
Analog XLR In/Out
Digital AES/EBU XLR In/Out
2 BNC MPX Out and 1 BNC AUX IN
Hardware bypass I/O XLR/XLR–BNC/BNC
MPX Split Mode
Audio Management
Band management
3-Band Equalizer
Remote preset changer
Final Limiter Drive
Test tone generator
Brilliance control
Double band AGC (LO/HI)
AGC control
AGC power control
Audio Fault input changeover
MPX ITU-R BS.412 Control
Stereo Enhancer
Limiter LookAhead mode
Expander (noise reduction)
Overdrive power control
Super Bass control
Super Bass Harmonizer
Final Main Band Limiter Drive
Final Low Band Limiter drive
Preset clock-based manager
Remote Control
GPIO Connector – Type
USB
Serial
Software Remoter
Ethernet Port /Web Server
Parser ASCII protocol via TCP/IP UDP/IP
4
5
5
24Bit-120Mhz DSP-Based audio process



by option
by option
by option















4
5
5







-








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



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
-

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
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











SubD 15p HD - 4x GP In opto coupled, 4x GP Out Open Collector opto isolated
1x USB – B Type EMI Filtered
1x Rs232 EMI Filtered

-

by option
by option



| INTRODUCTION
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| INTRODUCTION
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2 SAFETY WARNINGS / ISTRUZIONI PER LA SICUREZZA
SAFETY WARNINGS
CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ IMPORTANTES
ISTRUZIONI IMPORTANTI PER LA SICUREZZA
WICHTIGE SICHERHEITSHINWEISE
INSTRUCCIONES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURIDAD
(Rel. 2.0)
2.1
FOREWORD
For your own safety and to avoid invalidation of the warranty all text marked with these Warning Symbols
should be read carefully.
Information in this manual is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of the
vendor.
The manufacturer shall not be liable for any loss or damage whatsoever arising from the use of information or any error
contained in this manual, or through any mis-operation or fault in hardware contained in the product.
It is recommended that all maintenance and service on the product should be carried out by the manufacturer or its
authorised agents. The manufacturer cannot accept any liability whatsoever for any loss or damage caused by service,
maintenance or repair by unauthorised personnel.
| SAFETY WARNINGS / ISTRUZIONI PER LA SICUREZZA
10
ENG
3 SAFETY WARNINGS
The installation and servicing instructions in this manual are for use by qualified personnel only.
- Read All Instructions. All safety and operating instructions must be read before operating the product. They also
must be retained for future reference, as it contains a number of useful hints for determining the best combination of
equipment settings for Yr particular application.
- Heed All Warnings. All warnings on the product and those listed in the operating instructions must be adhered to.
- Heat. This product must be situated away from any heat sources such as radiators or other products (including
power amplifiers or transmitters) that produce heat.
- Power Sources. This product must be operated from the type of power source indicated on the marking label and in
the installation instructions. If you are not sure of the type of power supplied to your facility, consult your local power
company. Make sure the AC main voltage corresponds to that indicated in the technical specifications. If a different
voltage (ex. 110/115 VAC) is available, open the equipment closure and set the voltage switch on the main supply
circuit, located behind the AC socket
- Power Cord Protection. Power supply cords must be routed so that they are not likely to be walked on nor pinched
by items placed upon or against them. Pay particular attention to the cords at AC wall plugs and convenience
receptacles, and at the point where the cord plugs into the product
- Use only with a cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table specified by the manufacturer, or sold with the apparatus. When
a cart is used, use caution when moving the cart/apparatus combination to avoid injury from tip-over.
- Lightning. For added protection for this product during a lightning storm, or when it is left unattended and unused for
long periods of time, unplug it from the AC wall outlet and the audio connections. This will prevent damage to the
product due to lightning and power line surges
- Installation. Configuration and installation should only be carried out by a competent installation engineer
- Cabling. Using high quality wires, well protected. Make sure the cable integrity.
This symbol alerts you to the presence of dangerous voltage inside the closure – voltage which
may be sufficient to constitute a risk of shock. Do not perform any servicing other than that
contained in the operating instructions. Refer all servicing to qualified personnel
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of
important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the
appliance.
Do not change the voltage setting or replace the mains fuse without first turning the unit off
and unplugging the mains cord
Make sure the AC main voltage corresponds to that indicated in the technical specifications.
THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED !
To avoid risk of fire use the correct value fuse, as indicated on the label stuck on the right
side of the unit.
This apparatus uses a single pole mains switch and does therefore not separate the unit
completely from the mains power. To completely separate from mains power (in the event of
danger) unplug mains power cord. As the MAINS plug is the disconnect device, the
disconnect device shall remain readily operable.
| SAFETY WARNINGS
11
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4
CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ IMPORTANTES
- Lire ces consignes
- Conserver ces consignes
- Observer tous les avertissements
- Suivre toutes les consignes
- Ne pas utiliser cet appareil à proximité de l’eau
- Ne pas obstruer les ouvertures de ventilation. Installer en respectant les consignes du fabricant
- Ne pas installer à proximité d'une source de chaleur telle qu'un radiateur, une bouche de chaleur, un poêle ou
d'autres appareils (dont les amplificateurs) produisant de la chaleur.
- Ne pas annuler la sécurité de la fiche de terre, la troisième branche est destinée à la sécurité. Si la fiche fournie
ne s'adapte pas à la prise électrique, demander à un électricien de remplacer la prise hors normes.
- Protéger le cordon d'alimentation afin que personne ne marche dessus et que rien ne le pince, en particulier aux
fiches, aux prises de courant et au point de sortie de l’appareil
- Utiliser uniquement les accessoires spécifiés par le fabricant
- Utiliser uniquement avec un chariot, un support ou une table spécifié par le fabricant ou vendu avec l’appareil. Si
un chariot est utilisé, déplacer l’ensemble chariot–appareil avec précaution afin de ne pas le renverser, ce qui
pourrait entraîner des blessures
- Débrancher l’appareil pendant les orages ou quand il ne sera pas utilisé pendant longtemps.
- Confier toute réparation à du personnel qualifié. Des réparations sont nécessaires si l’appareil est endommagé
d’une façon quelconque, par exemple: cordon ou prise d’alimentation endommagé, liquide renversé ou objet tombé
à l’intérieur de l’appareil, exposition de l’appareil à la pluie ou à l’humidité, appareil qui ne marche pas normalement
ou que l’on a fait tomber.
- NE PAS exposer cet appareil aux égouttures et aux éclaboussements. Ne pas poser des objets contenant de
l'eau, comme des vases, sur l'appareil
Ce symbole indique la présence d'une tension dangereuse dans l'appareil constituant un risque de
choc électrique.
Ce symbole indique que la documentation fournie avec l'appareil contient des instructions
d'utilisation et d'entretien importantes.
Avant de modifier le commutateur de changement de tension ou replacer le fusible il faut
débrancher l’appareil de la prise électrique. Pendant son usage, l’appareil doit etre branchee à la
prise de terre
Utiliser le fusible principal AC avec le valeur qui est indiquée sur l'étiquette collée sur le coffret.
Assurez-vous que la tension principale AC correspond à celle indiquée dans les spécifications
techniques.
L’interrupteur d’alimentation interrompt un pôle du réseau d’alimentation excepté le conducteur
de terre de protection. En cas de danger, debrancher le cordon d'alimentation. Parce que la prise
du réseau de alimentation est utilisée comme dispositif de déconnexion, ce dispositif doit
demeuré aisément accessible
| CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ IMPORTANTES
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5 ISTRUZIONI IMPORTANTI PER LA SICUREZZA
- Leggere le presenti istruzioni
- Conservare queste istruzioni
- Osservare tutte le avvertenze
- Seguire scrupolosamente tutte le istruzioni
- Non usare questo apparecchio in prossimità di acqua
- Non ostruire alcuna apertura per il raffreddamento. Installare l’apparecchio seguendo le istruzioni
- Non installare l'apparecchio accanto a fonti di calore quali radiatori, aperture per l'afflusso di aria calda, forni o
altri apparecchi (amplificatori inclusi) che generino calore
- Non rimuovere il terminale di connessione a terra sul cordone di alimentazione: esso ha lo scopo di tutelare
l’incolumità dell’utilizzatore. Se la spina in dotazione non si adatta alla presa di corrente, rivolgersi ad un elettricista
per far eseguire le modifiche necessarie.
- Evitare di calpestare il cavo di alimentazione o di comprimerlo, specialmente in corrispondenza della spina e del
punto di inserzione sull’apparato.
- Utilizzare solo dispositivi di collegamento e gli accessori specificati dal produttore.
- Utilizzare l’apparecchio solo con un carrello, un sostegno, una staffa o un tavolo di tipo specificato dal produttore o
venduto insieme all’apparecchio. Se si utilizza un carrello, fare attenzione negli spostamenti per evitare infortuni
causati da ribaltamenti del carrello stesso.
- Scollegare l’apparecchio dalla presa di corrente durante i temporali o quando inutilizzato a lungo
- Per qualsiasi intervento, rivolgersi a personale di assistenza qualificato. È’ necessario intervenire sull’apparecchio
ogniqualvolta si verificano danneggiamenti di qualsiasi natura. Ad esempio, la spina o il cavo di alimentazione sono
danneggiati, è entrato liquido nell’apparecchio o sono caduti oggetti su di esso, l’apparecchio è stato esposto alla
pioggia o all’umidità, non funziona normalmente o è caduto.
- Non esporre a sgocciolamenti o spruzzi. Non appoggiare sull'apparecchio oggetti pieni di liquidi, ad esempio vasi
da fiori.
Questo simbolo indica la presenza di alta tensione all'interno dell'apparecchio, che comporta rischi
di scossa elettrica.
Questo simbolo indica la presenza di istruzioni importanti per l'uso e la manutenzione nella
documentazione in dotazione all'apparecchio.
Non sostituire il fusibile o cambiare la tensione di alimentazione senza aver prima scollegato il
cordone di alimentazione. L’APPARATO DEVE ESSERE CONNESSO A TERRA.
Sostituire il fusibile generale con uno di identico valore, come indicato sulla etichetta applicata
sul mobile dell’apparato
Assicurarsi che la tensione di rete corrisponda a quella per la quale è configurato
l’apparecchio
Questo apparato utilizza un interruttore di alimentazione di tipo unipolare e l’isolamento dalla
rete elettrica non è pertanto completo. Per ottenere un isolamento totale (ad esempio in caso di
pericolo), scollegare il cordone di alimentazione. Inoltre, poichè la spina di alimentazione è
utilizzata come dispositivo di sezionamento, essa deve restare facilmente raggiungibile
| ISTRUZIONI IMPORTANTI PER LA SICUREZZA
13
ENG
6 WICHTIGE SICHERHEITSHINWEISE
- Diese Hinweise LESEN
- Diese Hinweise AUFHEBEN
- Alle Warnhinweise BEACHTEN
- Alle Anweisungen BEFOLGEN
- Dieses Gerät NICHT in der Nähe von Wasser verwenden
- KEINE Lüftungsöffnungen verdecken. Gemäß den Anweisungen des Herstellers einbauen
- Nicht in der Nähe von Wärmequellen, wie Heizkörpern, Raumheizungen, Herden oder anderen Geräten
(einschließlich Verstärkern) installieren, die Wärme erzeugen
- Die Schutzfunktion des Schukosteckers NICHT umgehen. Bei Steckern für die USA gibt es polarisierte Stecker,
bei denen ein Leiter breiter als der andere ist; US-Stecker mit Erdung verfügen über einen dritten Schutzleiter. Bei
diesen Steckerausführungen dient der breitere Leiter bzw. der Schutzleiter Ihrer Sicherheit. Wenn der mitgelieferte
Stecker nicht in die Steckdose passt, einen Elektriker mit dem Austauschen der veralteten Steckdose beauftragen
- VERHINDERN, dass das Netzkabel gequetscht oder darauf getreten wird, insbesondere im Bereich der Stecker,
Netzsteckdosen und an der Austrittsstelle vom Gerät
- NUR das vom Hersteller angegebene Zubehör und entsprechende Zusatzgeräte verwenden.
- NUR in Verbindung mit einem vom Hersteller angegebenen oder mit dem Gerät verkauften Transportwagen, Stand,
Stativ, Träger oder Tisch verwenden. Wenn ein Transportwagen verwendet wird, beim Verschieben der
Transportwagen-Geräte- Einheit vorsichtig vorgehen, um Verletzungen durch Umkippen
- Das Netzkabel dieses Geräts während Gewittern oder bei längeren Stillstandszeiten aus der Steckdose
ABZIEHEN.
- Alle Reparatur- und Wartungsarbeiten von qualifiziertem Kundendienstpersonal DURCHFÜHREN LASSEN.
Kundendienst ist erforderlich, wenn das Gerät auf irgendwelche Weise beschädigt wurde, z.B. wenn das Netzkabel
oder der Netzstecker beschädigt wurden, wenn Flüssigkeiten in das Gerät verschüttet wurden oder Fremdkörper
hineinfielen, wenn das Gerät Regen oder Feuchtigkeit ausgesetzt war, nicht normal funktioniert oder fallen gelassen
wurde.
- Dieses Gerät vor Tropf- und Spritzwasser SCHÜTZEN. KEINE mit Wasser gefüllten Gegenstände wie zum
Beispiel Vasen auf das Gerät STELLEN.
Dieses Symbol zeigt an, dass gefährliche Spannungswerte, die ein Stromschlagrisiko darstellen,
innerhalb dieses Geräts auftreten.
Dieses Symbol zeigt an, dass das diesem Gerät beiliegende Handbuch wichtige Betriebs- und
Wartungsanweisungen enthält.
Vor Änderung der Netzspannung oder Sicherungswechsel Netzkabel trennen.
Das Gerät muss für den Betrieb geerdet werden.
Hauptsicherung nur mit einer gleichwertigen austauschen
(s. entsprechende Etikette).
Vor Einschalten Netzspannungseinstellung am Gerät überprüfen bzw. anpassen.
| WICHTIGE SICHERHEITSHINWEISE
14
ENG
Inpoliger Netzschalter. In Notfälle oder für Wartungsarbeiten Netzkabel trennen. Der Netzstecker
fungiert auch als Trennelement muss deshalb zugänglich bleiben
| WICHTIGE SICHERHEITSHINWEISE
15
ENG
7 INSTRUCCIONES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURIDAD
- LEA estas instrucciones
- CONSERVE estas instrucciones
- PRESTE ATENCION a todas las advertencias.
- SIGA todas las instrucciones
- NO utilice este aparato cerca del agua
- NO obstruya ninguna de las aberturas de ventilación.Instálese según lo indicado en las instrucciones del
fabricante
- No instale el aparato cerca de fuentes de calor tales como radiadores, registros de calefacción, estufas u otros
aparatos (incluyendo amplificadores) que produzcan calor
- NO anule la función de seguridad del enchufe polarizado o con clavija de puesta a tierra. Un enchufe polarizado
tiene dos patas, una más ancha que la otra. Un enchufe con puesta a tierra tiene dos patas y una tercera clavija con
puesta a tierra. La pata más ancha o la tercera clavija se proporciona para su seguridad. Si el toma corriente no es
del tipo apropiado para el enchufe, consulte a un electricista para que sustituya el toma corriente de estilo anticuado
- PROTEJA el cable eléctrico para evitar que personas lo pisen o estrujen, particularmente en sus enchufes, en los
toma corrientes y en el punto en el cual sale del aparato
- UTILICE únicamente los accesorios especificados por el fabricante
- UTILICESE únicamente con un carro, pedestal, escuadra o mesa del tipo especificado por el fabricante o vendido
con el aparato. Si se usa un carro, el mismo debe moverse con sumo cuidado para evitar que se vuelque con el
aparato
- DESENCHUFE el aparato durante las tormentas eléctricas, o si no va a ser utilizado por un lapso prolongado.
- TODA reparación debe ser llevada a cabo por técnicos calificados. El aparato requiere reparación si ha sufrido
cualquier tipo de daño, incluyendo los daños al cordón o enchufe eléctrico, si se derrama líquido sobre el aparato o
si caen objetos en su interior, si ha sido expuesto a la lluvia o la humedad, si no funciona de modo normal, o si se ha
caído.
- NO exponga este aparato a chorros o salpicaduras de líquidos. NO coloque objetos llenos con líquido, tales como
floreros, sobre el aparato.
Este símbolo indica que la unidad contiene niveles de voltaje peligrosos que representan un riesgo
de choques eléctricos.
Este símbolo indica que la literatura que acompaña a esta unidad contiene instrucciones
importantes de funcionamiento y mantenimiento.
Antes de cambiar la alimentacion de voltaje o de cambiar el fusible, desconecte el cable de
alimentacion. Para reducir el riesgo de descargas electricas, esta unidad debe ser conectada a
tierra.
Remplaze el fusible con lo mismo, que corresponde a lo indicado en el panel del equipo.
Antes de encender, controlar que la linea de alimentacion de voltaje corresponda a la indicada
| INSTRUCCIONES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURIDAD
16
ENG
El interruptor de alimentación es unipolar. En el caso de peligro, desconecte el cable de
alimentación. Porque la clavija de conexion a red sirve por la desconection de la unidad, la
clavija debe ser ubicada en proximidad de la unidad
| INSTRUCCIONES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURIDAD
17
UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
8 UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
Your equipment was packed carefully at the factory in a container designed to protect the unit during shipment.
Nevertheless, we recommend making a careful inspection of the shipping carton and the contents for any signs of
physical damage.
Damage & Claims
If damage is evident, do not discard the container or packing material. Contact your carrier immediately to file a claim for
damages. Customarily, the carrier requires you, the consignee, to make all damage claims. It will be helpful to retain the
shipping documents and the waybill number.
Save all packing materials! If You should ever have to ship the unti (e.g. for servicing), it is best to ship it in the
original carton with its packing materials because both the carton and packing material have been carefully
designed to protect the unit.
Under normal conditions no user maintenance or calibration are required. Internal links and preset controls may be set to
configure the unit during installation. Any service work required should be carried out by qualified service
personnel only.
We are able to offer further product support through our worldwide network of approved dealers and service agents.
To help us provide the most efficient service please would you keep a record of the unit serial
number, and date and place of purchase to be quoted in any communication regarding this
product.
The actual equipment Serial Number is indicated on the silver label stuck on the rear panel of the equipment closure.
Tools And Equipment Needed
Only standard technician’s tools are required to install this equipment.
| UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
18
FIRST INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
9 FIRST INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
9.1
POWER SUPPLY CABLE
A power supply cable of approx. 2 mt length is supplied with the device, which has a moulded IEC plug attached – this is
a legal requirement.
The type of plug for the power supply depends on the country in which it is delivered.
If for any reason, you need to use this appliance with a different plug, you should use the following wiring guidelines in
replacing the existing plug with the new one:
Earth
Neutral (N)
Live (L)
Green, or green and yellow
Blue
Brown
Supply cables should be laid in such a manner that one does not step or walk on them. They should not be squashed by
any objects.
THIS EQUIPMENT MUST BE EARTHED.
The chassis is always connected to mains earth to ensure your safety: check your mains wiring and earthing before
switching on.
9.2
AC MAINS VOLTAGE SETTING (230 V / 115 V)
BE SURE THAT THE UNIT IS SET TO THE CORRECT MAINS/LINE VOLTAGE FOR YOUR
COUNTRY BEFORE PLUGGING IT INTO THE WALL OUTLET !
The actual Mains voltage is indicated on the label stuck on the equipment closure. Should the type of power at the
operation location not be known, please contact your dealer or electricity company.
If, for some reason, the unit is to be operated at a mains input voltage which is different to that as supplied, you need to
switch the voltage selector on the right side of the unit. You also need to replace the AC main fuse, according to
information provided on the external label or on the Technical Specifications table at the end of this user manual.
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK, ALWAYS DISCONNECT THE AC
MAINS CABLE BEFORE ALTERING THE CHANGE-OVER SWITCH. NO USER SERVICEABLE
PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
| FIRST INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
19
FIRST INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
9.3
FUSE REPLACEMENT
The power supply socket has an integral fuse drawer containing the AC power fuse and a spare, both of the same value.
BEFORE REPLACING THE POWER FUSE, MAKE SURE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TYPE OF FUSE FOR
THE VOLTAGE TO BE PROTECTED.
USING WRONG FUSE TYPE WILL RESULT IN INSUFFICIENT PROTECTION.
Make sure that the power is switched off and the power cable is disconnected from the equipment.
a. Open the upper iron cover using a screwdriver.
b. Replace the fuse located at the internal position – Power supply Type-1
c. Replace the fuse located at the internal position – Power supply Type-2
| FIRST INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
20
FIRST INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
Perform the set-up under static control conditions. Static charges are likely to completely destroy one or
more of the CMOS semiconductors employed in the unit. Static damage will not be covered under
warranty.
Basic damage prevention consists of minimizing generation, discharging any accumulated static charge
on your body and preventing that discharge from being sent to or through any electronic component.
Uninsulated dangerous voltage are inside the enclosure, voltage that may be sufficient to constitute a
risk of shock.
Always disconnect to AC Mains before removing the top cover
9.4
PROTECTION AGAINST LIGHTNING
When the upper iron cover is removed, a plastic transparent cover helps the user safety, to avoid from flashlight coming
from the switching power supply. After the power cord has been disconnected some parts of the power supply remain
electrically loaded for a lot of time.
Axel Technology suggest to don’t touch never this parts, and it is not responsible for human flash light or electrical burns.
Should the device be put out of action due to being struck by lightning or excess voltage, disconnect it
from the power supply without delay. Do not reconnect until the device has been checked. If in doubt
contact the technical support service.
Make sure there is suitable lighting protection to protect the device.
Alternatively you should disconnect all connectors from the device during a storm or when the device
is going to be unsupervised or not used for a longer period of time.
These measures will protect against damage by lightning or excess voltage.
| FIRST INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
21
FIRST INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
9.5
VENTILATION
The equipment will operate as a free-standing unit without requiring any special cooling arrangement.
However, slots and openings in the product are provided for ventilation. They ensure reliable operation of the product,
keeping it from overheating. These openings must not be blocked nor covered during operation.
YOU MUST LEAVE AT A MINIMUM ONE RACK UNIT OF EMPTY SPACE ABOVE THE EQUIPMENT TO ENHANCE
VENTILATION AND TO GET A LONGER EQUIPMENT LIFE.
| FIRST INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
22
FALCON 3i – GENERAL DESCRIPTION
10 FALCON 3i – GENERAL DESCRIPTION
10.1 FALCON 3I – FRONT PANEL
N°
CONTROL NAME
FUNCTION
1
DEVICE NAMEPLATE
Plate stating product name and description.
2
LCD-1
Three-line LCD that displays the status and operation mode of the
Falcon 3i. It displays all the technical parameters for each menu.
3
JOG-SHUTTLE
Dial (or JogShuttle) to access the various navigation menus and
make changes. Press the JogShuttle to confirm selection. Accessing
this menu allows you to configure certain operating parameters for
work. All the parameters can also be set via the Axel Universal
Software Remoter monitoring, configuration, and control software.
4
LCD-2
This LCD displays the audio processor status and operation mode,
AGC, compressor, multiband limiter, and the analog, digital, and MPX
inputs and outputs featured on the Falcon 3i.
5
HEADPHONE SOCKET
Headphone socket on the front panel, set to 6.3 mm jack, for listening
to the Falcon 3i audio process. You can listen to the original audio
inputted into the processor (bypass) or the audio outputted by the
Falcon 3i processor. You can also listen to the test tone generated by
the internal DSP with variable frequency and intensity.
| FALCON 3i – GENERAL DESCRIPTION
23
FALCON 3i – GENERAL DESCRIPTION
10.2 FALCON 3I - REAR PANEL
N°
CONTROL NAME
1
“DIGITAL” UNIT
2
“USB” PORT
3
SERIAL -1 RS232
SERIAL PORT 1
FUNCTION
This section contains the connections for AES / EBU digital inputs and
outputs on the balanced XLR connection. Digital Input 1 is marked as
1C while Input 2D is the Sync AES/EBU. The output is an AES/EBU
format male XLR connector.
USB -B type data communication port. This port is used to remotely
control the device using a standard PC. Before connecting this port, it
is necessary to connect the device control software contained in the
box; USB drivers are installed at the same time as the software.
The Falcon 3i features one serial port for device control via the remote
control software. The control features are the same as for the USB
control port. Using the Axel Universal Software Remoter control
software, you can change the operating parameters, levels, and
compression, as well as the audio process/processing. Using Axel
Universal Target Address Manager, you can set the machine’s
individual address in UECP format, set RDS to work in UECPcompatible mode or extended mode, and reset any or all of the RDS
service datasets.
Again, using the Universal Target Address Manager, you can also
enter codes (Plug Activation key) that allow you to upgrade the
machine to incorporate other optional features.
The serial port 1 can also be used for reprogramming the firmware.
The port speed default setting is 38,400 bps. See the relative section
in the Appendix on how to reprogram the firmware.
4
“GPIO” PORT
15 high density female pin interface, on SubD connector. This shows
the logic status of the Falcon 3i. The GP outputs are Open Collector
outputs, while the GP inputs are optocouplers.
The status of the GP inputs and GP outputs can be viewed on the
front panel, in the right-hand section of the first LCD screen.
For information on the Opto Interface port pinout, see the Appendix at
the end of this manual. For the operation of each GPI and GPO, see
the specific section in the next pages of this manual.
| FALCON 3i – GENERAL DESCRIPTION
24
FALCON 3i – GENERAL DESCRIPTION
5
ANALOG OUTPUT
ANALOG audio output of the Falcon 3i audio processor. Electronically
balanced output on XLR connector (type: stereo / mono)
6
ANALOG INPUT
-A
ANALOG audio input of the Falcon 3i audio processor, with
electronically balanced XLR connection.
7
MPX UNIT
“MPX OUTPUTS” unit: this contains the two output MPX lines. These
MPX outputs are buffered and totally independent of each other, and
the levels of the MPX output (Audio, Pilot, RDS) can be set
individually via remote control software or directly on the front panel.
The subcarrier level cannot be altered on one output only.
“MPX INPUTS” unit: this section contains two auxiliary broadband
inputs (AUX or SCA), which are added directly to the MPX-OUT -1
and/or the MPX-OUT -2. The signal from AUX-1 can be sent to MPXOUT -1 and also to MPX-OUT -2 at the same time, or just to MPXOUT -2.
The same can be done for the signal from AUX-2, sending it to MPX
OUT-1 and to MPX-OUT -2 at the same time as, or just to MPX-OUT 2.
For more information, see the block diagram of the machine.
8
POWER SUPPLY UNIT
The power supply unit features a switch to switch on the device and a
power socket. To change the fuse, see the relevant chapter: the fuse
is located inside the device near the switching power supply unit. The
fuse is of the slow blow type, 230 V ac and 2,000 A, equal to 2000 mA
| FALCON 3i – GENERAL DESCRIPTION
25
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF FALCON 3i
11 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF FALCON 3i
| BLOCK DIAGRAM OF FALCON 3i
26
INSTALLATION AND USE OF THE FALCON 3i CONTROL SOFTWARE
12 INSTALLATION AND USE OF THE FALCON 3i CONTROL SOFTWARE
The installation procedure of the Falcon 3I control software is described below. The program runs on all Windows
platforms, including Windows Xp sp3, Windows Vista and Windows 7 32-bit and Windows 7 64-bit and Windows 8 Pro
64bit. The control software must be installed before connecting the devices to the USB port. To install the program follow
the instructions below using the program file from the original CD contained in the package with the device, or the file
downloaded from the Axel Technology website.
Installation procedure:
1. Insert the CD in the player
2. Run SETUP.EXE
a. We recommend you copy the program from the CD onto the hard disk of the PC you are using and run the
program from the hard disk. Once the run command has been entered, the following InstallShield Wizard page
will appear
3.
The following page will be displayed; click NEXT
4.
Enter user information:
| INSTALLATION AND USE OF THE FALCON 3i CONTROL SOFTWARE
27
INSTALLATION AND USE OF THE FALCON 3i CONTROL SOFTWARE
5.
Select a destination folder or leave folder unchanged, click NEXT and then INSTALL
6.
The software will start installing the program on the PC; during installation a request for confirmation to install
the USB drivers for the connection to the Falcon 3i device will appear.
11
7.
At the end of the installation this page will appear; click Finish and two new icons will be created on the desktop:
11
a.
b.
8.
Axel Universal Software Remoter v2.0 (or other)
Axel Universal Target Address Manager v2.0 (or
other)
You can now use the programs to manage the Falcon 3i devices. The following sections explain how to connect
the device and outline the potential offered by the product.
| INSTALLATION AND USE OF THE FALCON 3i CONTROL SOFTWARE
28
USE OF THE AUDIO CHANGEOVER ADDRESS MANAGER SOFTWARE
13 USE OF THE AUDIO CHANGEOVER ADDRESS MANAGER
SOFTWARE
The Audio Changeover Address Manager software is used to assign to Falcon 3i an Individual Address via UECP
protocol, to reset one or all of the RDS service datasets, to set either the RDS mode if it is perfectly compliant with the
UECP standard, or to set the extended mode.
A plug activation key can also be entered in order to upgrade the machine or add new features.
This can be achieved using either the PC’s Serial port or the USB port. The following screen will appear when you open
the program:
Universal
TargetAddress
Manager
is
still
disconnected from the Falcon 3i device. When you
press the CONNECT button, a connection is
established between the PC and the Falcon 3i. The
default values of the COM port are:
38,400bps 8-N-1
If a USB port is assigned, simply select the relevant
port assigned by the operating system from the list (in
this case VCOM USB Port). Port COM 5 has been
assigned.
Once the Falcon 3i and Universal Target Address Manager
are connected, the machine settings are displayed. To change
these values, position the cursor in the relevant fields and enter
the port data, then click SEND DATA to send the changes to
the Falcon 3i device.
To check whether the changes have been applied, click
RELOAD DATA, which refreshes the program and then reads
the port values again.
Information concerning the device connected is
available in the bottom section of the software
display, above the command keys. This includes
data such as "Connected Target", which shows
the device model to which it is connected (a
Falcon 3i in the picture), and the firmware
release installed (r.2.1)
The firmware code is also included, i.e. the unique ID code of
the hardware and firmware installed on the device. This
number could be required for an upgrade of the device or in the
case of specific requirements or customisations.
| USE OF THE AUDIO CHANGEOVER ADDRESS MANAGER SOFTWARE
29
USE OF UNIVERSAL REMOTER SOFTWARE
14 USE OF UNIVERSAL REMOTER SOFTWARE
The Universal Remoter is powerful control/monitoring software which can be used for the entire series of audio
processors, including:
-
Falcon 3i
Falcon VS
Falcon XT
This single software package can be used to can control three different types of audio processors, stereo encoders, and
RDS generators. There are two software operation modes: "Single Target Mode" and "Network Mode", as outlined
below.
Universal Remoter start window
14.1 “SINGLE TARGET MODE” OR “NETWORK MODE”?
"Single Target Mode" means the "local" connection, therefore two-way data communication will be established between
a Falcon device and a monitoring and control PC. This connection can be via RS232 serial port, USB A - B connection or
via LAN using the Ethernet port (if featured on the device).
"Network Mode”, meanwhile, means a "distant" connection, without a return data channel. A connection of this kind is
generally established in cases of audio processors installed on remote transmission sites or in locations without a return
data channel. This connection is usually common with audio transfers via satellite, where configuration data can be sent
in one-way mode (uplinking to the transmitter site). Of course, you will not know if the command has been successfully
received or whether it has been executed correctly by the audio processor. That is why a redundancy check is added,
which allows the same command to be sent several times, so that it can be received and executed.
| USE OF UNIVERSAL REMOTER SOFTWARE
30
USE OF UNIVERSAL REMOTER SOFTWARE
14.2 “SINGLE TARGET MODE” CONNECTION
Pressing Single Target Mode establishes a direct, two-way communication link with the Falcon
device. To select which communication channel to use and set the relative parameters, click
"Connection Settings".
The Single Target Mode is the easiest and most immediate way to connect the Falcon processor to the Host PC. It
requires a two-way communication channel between the Host PC and the Falcon encoder.
This channel may be a LOCAL, MODEM or TCP/IP channel. It is useful for real-time monitoring of the current Falcon
status (sound levels, RDS, etc.).
11
For a USB connection, once you have installed the driver supplied with the device (as
stated in the section titled "Control Software Installation"), a port (USB VCOM) will
appear in the list as a COM port (“COM5” in the case shown beside). This port allows
you to make a USB connection between the control PC and the Falcon device.
Meanwhile, every time a connection to the Falcon is made via the serial port, you will
need to select 'LOCAL RS 232' in the communication channel (LINK MODE)
configuration windows. The “Link Mode" will automatically be set to 'two-way'. You will
need to set the parameters associated with the PC serial port to use and the relative
speed.
LOCAL PORT
SERIAL
SPEED
Selects the PC serial port to use for the connection (from 1 to 255).
Sets the maximum transmission rate for the PC port selected.
The default set
ting on the Falcon is the maximum value (38400 Baud)
The communication transmission speed set in the PC control software MUST MATCH the relative
transmission rate set for the serial port on the Falcon to which it is connected. For example, if Serial Port 1 on
the Falcon has a transmission rate of 4800 Baud, the same speed must also be set for the PC serial port used
in the connection. The port speed for Serial Port -1 is usually 38,400 bps.
Enter a comment/string of mnemonic characters in the “User Note” field (for example: TELECOM TOWER - Radio
One). Click OK to confirm, or ESC to exit without saving.
| USE OF UNIVERSAL REMOTER SOFTWARE
31
USE OF UNIVERSAL REMOTER SOFTWARE
14.3 DIRECT UPLINK VIA MODEM
Every time the connection to the Falcon is made using two dial-up modems, select
'MODEM' in the Communication Channel configuration windows.
mode is ‘two-way'.
The default link
Please see the APPENDIX to this manual for the physical connection between the
modem and the Falcon at the remote end (Serial Port 1 of the Falcon must be used for this).
Using the Universal Remoter software, set the serial port used for the modem connection and the connection speed
thereof (usually 38,400 baud for POTS/PSTN modems and 9600 Baud for GSM modems). You must also enter a
modem initialisation string.
SERIAL PORT
SERIAL PORT
SPEED
Select the PC serial port to use for the connection (from 1 to 255). In the case of a USB modem,
check which 'virtual' serial port is selected by default by the PC.
Sets the maximum transmission rate for the PC port selected. The default setting on the Universal
Remoter is the maximum value (38400 Baud).
The communication transmission speed set in the PC control software MUST MATCH the relative
transmission rate set for the modem connected.
Modem Init.
String
Phone Number
Enter the AT initialisation string here. The Universal Remoter offers two
preset strings. The shorter of the two (at&f&k0&c0&r1s2=255) is usually
appropriate for internal PCI modems, while the longer one
(at&f0&k0&c0&s0&r1s2=255) is usually appropriate for external
modems.
Enter the phone number to dial here (including country code, area code,
etc.)
Click OK to confirm, or ESC to exit without saving.
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USE OF UNIVERSAL REMOTER SOFTWARE
14.4 CONNECTION TO A DIAL-UP MODEM
Whenever remote monitoring is required via a dial-up modem, connect the modem to Serial Port 1 on the back of the
unit. Check the configuration of Port 1 carefully, its speed must be set to:
- 38400 Baud for dial-up POTS modems
- 9600 Baud for GSM modems.
A ‘crossover’ CABLE (NULLMODEM) is required for the modem connection. The following table shows the wiring
diagram for the cable in both cases, whether the modem features 9-pin or 25-pin female SubD connectors.
Remember also that:
•
•
With a 25-pin plug, connect pins 6 and 8.
With a 9-pin plug, connect pins 1 and 6.
Falcon
SubD9)
Pin
Pin
Pin
Pin
end
(Male
Modem end (M Subd 9p)
2
3
4
5
3
2
6 and 1
5
Modem end (M Subd 25p)
2
3
6 and 8
7
The receiving modem (the one connected to the Falcon serial port) must have at least the following settings (modem
commands are given in brackets and refer to the most common modem models):
- IGNORE CD (the standard command is &C0)
- IGNORE RTS (&R1)
- IGNORE DTR (&D0)
- Disable TX Flow Control (&H0)
- Disable RX Flow Control (&I0)
- Disable Data Compression (&K0)
Registers S0 and S2 must also be set as follows:
-
S0=2
-
S2=255
The S0 register is the number of rings before Automatic Answering is activated. It sets the number of rings required
before the modem answers a call automatically. Range: 0-255 rings. Setting this register to zero disables automatic
answering mode. S0 = n, where n is the number of rings. We recommend you set S0 at 2.
The S2 register (Escape Code Character) specifies the ASCII value of the character used in the escape code. (The
escape code is the escape character entered three times in a row.) When the modem status is ‘connected’ and the
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33
USE OF UNIVERSAL REMOTER SOFTWARE
modem receives the escape code, it enters the command status. Normally, setting the S2 registry at 128 or more
disables the escape code character. We recommend you set S2 at 255.
You will have to load the settings into the modem memory, so that they are immediately loaded when the modem
starts up. Please refer to the modem user manual for more information.
14.5 DIRECT LINK CONNECTION
Once you have set the connection parameters, you can connect
to the Falcon device. Clicking "Connect to Single Target" opens
a second panel, the "Connection Manager" panel (the photo
shows how the Falcon is not yet connected to the control PC).
In the top section of the "Connection Manager" software
display, there is a summary of the connection modes; clicking
on the "Change" key allows you to change the connection
setting again, if necessary.
Once the "Connect" button is
pressed, a connection between the
PC and Falcon device is established.
Once the connection is established, "Connection Status" is
written in red and the "Target Linked" label is displayed, while
the bottom section contains the Target Type, the firmware
version, the firmware code (individual ID code of the
motherboard) and other information related to the Falcon device
to which it is connected.
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34
FALCON 3i CONTROL VIA SOFTWARE
15 FALCON 3i CONTROL VIA SOFTWARE
Universal Remoter allows you to control the Falcon 3i device via a one-way or two-way connection; the screen that
appears after installing and accessing the software is shown below:
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FALCON 3i CONTROL VIA SOFTWARE
15.1 TYPE OF FALCON DEVICE CONNECTED
On the left-hand side of the screen, you can see the kind of Falcon
device connected and the options linked to it. More specifically, for the
Falcon 3i, you can select a version with audio processor and MPX
encoder only, which can be displayed as the Falcon 3i.
The RDS encoder can also be applied optionally, in which case the
words ‘Falcon 3i-R’ appear in the specifications at the side, indicating
the presence of the RDS Radio Data System encoder.
For the Falcon series devices, as well as the various options available
in the "Introduction" section, there are also versions not specifically
intended for the FM/Web market. Using the Universal Remoter
software, you can also request and use the audio processors for the
TV part. For the television part, there are Falcon 3i and Falcon XT
devices currently under production, which are known as Falcon 3i TV
and Falcon XT TV.
More specifically, a second difference, clearly highlighted by Universal Remoter, is the
presence or absence of the RDS signal encoding status box. If the letters ‘FM’ appear in
the middle section, immediately to the right, this means that solely a Falcon Audio
Processor and MPX encoder are in use, i.e. no RDS encoder.
If the letters ’RDS’ appear with the words “RDS encoding in progress”, it means there is
an RDS encoder installed in the device.
The front panel displays the relative section, i.e. “RDS MODULE SETUP”
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FALCON 3i CONTROL VIA SOFTWARE
15.2 "SETTINGS" SECTION
The SETTINGS section contains some general work parameters for the Falcon 3i
15.2.1 Target Settings:
Using this box you can set the mnemonic name of the device to which you are connected (in the ID Label section). The
"Name" section contains the name of the machine and is non-editable, while the "FW NUM" is the individual ID code of
the firmware installed on the Falcon 3i device. This number may be required when the implementation of an option
within the machine is requested (e.g. an RDS encoder).
However, to prevent direct access to the machine via the front encoder dial,
you can set a password in the section titled "Keyboard Lock". To set the
password, enter an alphanumeric combination of up to 8 characters in the box
and then press LOCK. Once this is done, the front panel can no longer be
controlled directly via the front encoder dial.
WARNING: There is no backdoor mechanism to release this lock
feature and the staff of Axel Technology cannot provide assistance
in the event of lost/forgotten passwords. If this happens, the device
must be brought back for reformatting.
To restore normal encoder dial operation, enter the password chosen during the lock stage in the
‘Password’ field and then press UNLOCK.
15.2.2 The Falcon 3i internal clock:
The clock installed inside the unit is powered by a SuperCAP (capacitor) instead of a conventional battery. The
capacitor keeps the clock running and protects the system memory against loss of stored programs in the event of power
cuts, with an autonomy of approximately one week (depending on environmental conditions).
Full charge requires at least 30 minutes of standard operation.
The RDS parameters and settings are stored in a non-volatile
memory (to maintain data integrity in the event of long periods of
disuse).
The clock tolerance is approximately 1 second per day (strictly linked to environmental conditions). Should the SuperCap
discharge completely, the clock will stop and will need to be resynchronized with the PC clock using the Synchronize
Clock function.
The Scheduler for the RDS services stops when the internal clock stops.
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FALCON 3i CONTROL VIA SOFTWARE
15.2.3 Aux. Settings - SCA inputs
The Falcon 3i can have two composite MPX outputs connected at the rear of the device (shown as MPX-1 and MPX-2),
as well as two broadband auxiliary inputs mixed with the former. The photo below helps understand how the multiplex
auxiliary signals are "mixed":
As you can see from the numbering shown, by flagging one of the functions from 1 to 4, the signal from the AUX (SCA)
input towards one or both of the two MPX outputs is added on. A typical case of use of adding onto the signal MPX
generated internally is the use of an external RDS encoder:
To be able to use the said external RDS encoder, connect a coaxial cable from it to one of the two AUX inputs on the
front panel. Simply by convention the AUX-2 is considered the external RDS input, therefore, after making the various
hardware connections, tick the checkbox for AUX 2 -> MPX 1.
It is also possible to apply (solely to AUX-1) a positive or negative gain, ranging from a
minimum of -20.0 dB to a maximum of +12.0 dB, with 0.1 dB steps. This could be useful
when the signal applied to 'AUX-1 is not the same as or of a similar level to that generated
by the Falcon 3i processor during Network or Split mode (Split Circuit) operation.
15.2.4 Split Circuit:
The "Aux 1 Split Mode by GPI 1" (also known as MPX Splitting or Split Circuit) allows you to alter the Falcon 3i MPX-1
output by assigning it either an external MPX signal applied via the AUX-1 or the MPX signal generated internally. This
feature is particularly useful when a broadcaster needs to create regional or local sub-networks of the main network at
any given time of the day.
A typical application case is when the type of advertising broadcast is changed over different geographical
areas, or a radio news programme is transmitted over different geographic regions with different
regionally-specific content.
Switching the two MPX lines between External and Internal is activated via an
impulse at Input Port 1 of the GPIN port.
Aux 1 Split
GP Port In
Mode by GPI 1
OUTPUT
Active
Internal MPX
Not active
Copy of the Aux 1* signal
Enabled
By default, the Falcon 3i is NOT configured in "Split" mode when supplied to the
customer, therefore the position of the switch is as shown in the figure on the
right, i.e. with the MPX generated internally.
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THE MPX GENERATOR
15.2.5 Audio Preset Manager and Alarm:
This section has two sections, called “On Air Audio Preset Change”, which show the preset
channel currently broadcasting (whether this is the factory setting or a customised one),
while the ”External Preset Change” section shows which preset channel is broadcast when
an external command is received. The external command which "switches" the preset
channel broadcasting is inputted at GPIn-2.
Whenever this GPIn -2 is closed, the Preset Audio channel is switched over. To render this
function unavailable, select Disable.
The "Alarm On" section shows which conditions are recognised as alarms for the Falcon 3i
device. When Temperature is selected, the relative temperature alarm GP-O is closed. The
lacks GPOut -1 on the rear port and triggers the alarm in the Alarm software. A signal light
appears on the front panel of the Falcon 3i device at GPOut -1. If Clipping is selected, an
alarm is generated in the event of continuous Clipping, which also reaches the Clipping
Hardware.
In the event of an Alarm, a signal light appears on the front panel of the Falcon 3i at the GPOut -1.
16 THE MPX GENERATOR
Let’s assume that the MPX signal is composed of three main components:
• audio signal (L and R channels)
• pilot tone (19 kHz)
• RDS signal (57 kHz)
The stereo encoding process modulates (double-sideband suppressed-carrier) the LH-RH or stereo difference signal into
a 38kHz subcarrier. Its sidebands will extend by +/ - 15kHz. At the upper end this will amount to 53 kHz. A digital filter
ensures that all the content above 53 kHz is suppressed. This accuracy with which the spectrum is controlled
contributes to the sound level, since it ensures no excess energy is transmitted.
Note that the composite clipper does not degrade the RDS signal as it is applied before the 19kHz pilot is added to the
multiplex signal (if the pilot was present at the composite clipping stage, the third harmonic of the pilot generated by the
clipping process would fall on exactly 57kHz, thereby downgrading the RDS.) Each component of the MPX signal is
generated digitally and, therefore, available at the highest quality.
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39
THE MPX GENERATOR
1.1
MPX SECTION
The MPX section contains controls for the two multiplex outputs (MPX OUT-1 and MPX OUT-2)
16.1.1 MPX Output Level
This section contains two individual controls for the two composite outputs. This way, the equipment that requires
different power levels can be handled individually, so that they can be adjusted as needed. Level adjustable from -6.0
dBu to +12.0 dBu in 0.1 dBu-steps.
16.1.2 Pilot Control
Pilot Level: the default setting is -20 dB with respect to the
overall composite MPX stereo signal. Use the horizontal bar
to change this level within a range of -14.0 dB to - 25.5 dB in
0.1 dB-steps. The Stereo Pilot signal can be disabled using
the relative controls on the MPX Output Mode units.
Pilot phase: this can be adjusted within a range of - 12.0 to
+ 12.0 degrees (Deg) in 1- degree steps. The phase
selection function is used to adjust the phase relationship
between the pilot and the 19 kHz/38 kHz modulator. This
can be used to correct incoherence between different
transmitters.
16.1.3 Output Source Selection
This selector switch allows you to set which audio signals to
send to the MPX Stereo Generator unit. The audio signals
can be sent directly to the sound processor input, in which
case the audio processor is bypassed. In this position, the
pre-emphasis is also removed.
In the "Processed" position, audio material (processed
according to the parameters set in the "Audio" section) is sent
to the Audio Processor instead of the MPX Stereo Generator.
This is generally the standard operation position.
If "Internal Generator" is selected for the MPX Stereo Generator, the audio signals are sent to the internal tone
generator, as shown in Audio Control -> Menu -> Internal Generator. There are various sinusoidal frequencies and
various operation levels. This generator is extremely useful during an audio chain alignment stage.
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40
THE MPX GENERATOR
16.1.4 MPX Clipper
This value can be settable at between 95% and 105%, the MPX Clipper stage
operates within the pre-pilot region stage and is performed on the L + R and L-R
signals, before the pilot signal is entered. This design ensures that the clipping is
only performed on the composite signal, never on the Stereo Pilot signal.
The MPX Clipper stage can also be set to OFF via the same menu. When disabled,
the MPX Composite Clipper circuit is totally disconnected and not operational.
Whenever “aggressive” modulation is needed, i.e. a powerful increase in the sound density, at
the expense of sound 'definition', the cut point must be set at less than 100%, while any time
more “protected” modulation is required, the cut point must be set at over 100%
The Falcon 3i clipping stage is based on the principle of maintaining a fixed clipping level and if it is increasing, it means
a positive gain must be applied to the modulated signal. If, instead, the clipping level is decreasing, a negative gain must
be applied to the modulated signal. The gain applied will be calculated according to the following formula:
Gain = 100% - "Clipping parameter" value point
Important: after setting the clipping parameter to 97%, the gain will be 100% - 97% = 3%, resulting in a density increase
of 3%. The final modulation level is always kept at 100%.
Conversely, if the clipping point is set at 104%, the gain applied will be 100% - 104% = - 4%, therefore a negative gain.
Without the clipping stage activated, the modulation peaks may surpass the 100% limit by as much as 3 or 5 kHz.
We therefore strongly recommend that you set the clipping level at 100%, which will avoid modulation distortions and
fully preserve the quality of the sound processed.
The clipping range (MPX Clipper) is designed so that, even when set at 95% (i.e. the maximum of the positive gain), the
Pilot Protection factor (19 kHz) is always kept above 60 dB.
16.1.5 MPX Output Mode
OPERATIVE MODES
STEREO
This is the device’s nominal operating or "stereo" mode, which includes all the
components within the MPX spectrum, as shown in the upper photo. It also includes the
RDS data carrier, if featured.
MONO
The MONO mode physically "switches off" the Stereo Pilot carrier at 19kHz. This way, the
receivers cannot decode the multiplex audio signal in "Stereo" mode. The RDS data
carrier can still be modulated.
TEST MODES
L+R
The MPX MAIN spectrum part and the Stereo Pilot are transmitted at 19kHz
L-R
The MPX SUB spectrum part and the Stereo Pilot are transmitted at 19kHz
PILOT
NO PILOT
Solely the Stereo Pilot carrier is transmitted at 19kHz
The entire MPX spectrum (Main and Sub) are transmitted at 19kHz but not the Stereo
Pilot carrier
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AUDIO CONTROL
17 AUDIO CONTROL
This section of the manual specifies the operating mode of the audio control parameters. The section also explains the
following functions and features: Input, Output, Sampling Tone Generator (Signal Generator), Automatic Gain Control
(Pre-Process), Audio Processing, and Preset Manager.
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42
AUDIO CONTROL
17.1 AUDIO INPUTS
This section contains all the working parameters for the Falcon 3i analog and digital inputs. In addition to these controls,
you can set parameters such as pre-emphasis and the main audio input.
17.1.1 Analog Input
The balanced analog audio sensitivity ranges from -10dBu to +10 dBu, with 0.1dBusteps. The section on Input Mode features the operating modes for the audio
processor inputting stage: the functional operating (or nominal operating) conditions
are either Stereo or Mono L + R, while the Mono L and Mono R functions are
considered to be the test or configuration mode.
In the input stage, a HPF (high pass filter) is available with two cutting modes: 5 Hz
or 30Hz. Generally speaking, for transmitters dating back to prior to the introduction
of DDS (therefore in all the transmitters still based on PLL digital frequency
synthesis), it is advisable to set the HPF at 30Hz, as in some cases subsonic
frequencies, or frequencies below this value, could influence the behaviour of the
transmitter exciter.
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AUDIO CONTROL
17.1.2 Phase rotator input
In the input stage, the processor generates a phase rotation via a ‘phase rotator’ circuit. This optimisation is achieved by
means of a dedicated filter which acts on the input signal waveform to avert unwanted effects, as in the case where
material with a highly vocal content is inputted directly into the audio processor.
The waveform of a standard speech signal (as in the case
of signals generated by microphones) is asymmetrical,
while that of a standard musical signal is symmetrical.
The sound of an asymmetrical clipped speech signal is
much less pleasant and agreeable than that of a
symmetrical clipped signal. That is why the Phase Rotator
ensures that the signal phase is converted from an
asymmetrical waveform to a symmetrical waveform,
thereby significantly improving standard spoken audio
material and, therefore, eliminating any type of distortion
during the clipping stage.
However, it is advisable to pre-process vocal material (speech), i.e. in the same way as it is captured by studio
microphones, with dedicated VOCAL processors positioned between the microphone and the mixer for the signal on air
(see figure on the right).
At this point, after due consideration of the type of equipment present at the station, you will be able to decide whether
the Phase Rotator needs to remain on, or if it is more useful to have it turned off.
If, however, there is no microphone processor installed between the microphone and the mixer, and the spoken material
is transmitted directly to the processor inputs, then it is useful to keep the Phase Rotator switched on and apply the effect
thereof.
There are three Phase Rotator levels available. Each of them has a different effect on spoken audio material. Without
going into the matter too deeply or providing long and cumbersome mathematical explanations, we recommend you test
the different phase rotation levels and choose the one most suitable for the material that the processor will be modifying
according to the table below. The Phase Rotator default setting is Level-2
Phase Rotator
Level
OFF
Mode
Off
Level-1
Level-2
Female voice
General Purpose
Level-3
Male voice
Use
If there are already dedicated audio processors present for audio
signals from microphones or for spoken audio material.
If the audio material processed is predominantly female.
This is the default setting. Suitable for general audio processor use,
i.e. with music, mixed with speech, or for background music with the
presenters’ voices over it (whether male or female), or spoken
material inputted into the audio processor.
If the audio material processed is predominantly male.
In addition to the Phase Rotator control, the Falcon XT (and all the processors in the Falcon series in
general) are equipped with a voice detection stage (Speech Detector), which can recognise vocal
components within the audio material inputted into the audio processor and automatically adjust the
processing parameters in order to obtain the best result. Please see the section on the Speech Detector.
All the factory settings have the Speech Detector activated.
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AUDIO CONTROL
17.1.3 Digital Input
The balanced digital audio sensitivity ranges from -25dBFs to 0 dBFs, with 0.1dBFssteps. The section on Input Mode features the operating modes for the audio
processor inputting stage: the functional operating (or nominal operating) conditions
are either Stereo or Mono L + R, while the Mono L and Mono R functions are
considered to be the test or configuration mode. In the input stage, a HPF (high pass
filter) is available with two cutting modes: 5 Hz or 30Hz. Generally speaking, for
transmitters dating back to prior to the introduction of DDS (therefore in all the
transmitters still based on PLL digital frequency synthesis), it is advisable to set the
HPF at 30Hz, as in some cases subsonic frequencies, or frequencies below this
value, could influence the behaviour of the transmitter exciter.
17.1.4 Input Setup
This part of the software is used to set the audio processor input audio source: the
options available are Analog or Digital (mutually exclusive). Depending on the country
where the product is in use, the selectable pre-emphasis process can be set to Off,
50μs, or 75μs.
17.1.5 What are pre-emphasis and de-emphasis and what are they for?
In an FM system, noise has a random spectral distribution of a triangular type, with the result that noise occurs mainly at
high frequencies within the bandwidth. This may be offset, to a limited extent, by increasing the high frequencies prior to
transmission and reducing those quantities of high frequencies during reception. Consequently, reducing the high
frequencies in the receiver also reduces the high frequency noise. These processes of enhancement prior to
transmission and subsequent reduction of certain frequencies are known as pre-emphasis and de-emphasis.
The amount of pre-emphasis and de-emphasis needed is determined by the time constant of an RC filter circuit. In most
parts of the world the time constant of 50μs is used.
In North America and South Korea the time constant of 75μs is used. This applies to both MONO transmissions and
STEREO transmissions. In stereo signals, pre-emphasis is applied to the left-hand and right-hand channels prior to MPX
multiplexing.
The amount of pre-emphasis that can be applied is nevertheless limited by the fact that many forms of contemporary
music contain more high-frequency energy than the musical styles that were fashionable at the time FM broadcasting
was introduced, i.e. around the late 1950's. As a result, pre-emphasis cannot be used too much nowadays as it would
cause an excessive shift of the FM carrier. The more modern FM broadcasting systems tend to use a variable preemphasis system which depends on the program and the audio material inputted into the audio processor.
In electronic audio signal processing, pre-emphasis refers to a process system designed to increase certain frequencies
(usually the high frequencies) within a given bandwidth frequency with respect to the levels of other frequencies (usually
the low frequencies). All this is done to improve the S/N (signal/noise) ratio, and consequently minimise the negative
effects of phenomena, such as attenuation, distortion, or saturation, during processes or parts introduced after those
already in the system. This whole system is called "emphasis"
The frequency tripping curve is determined by special time constants and the cut frequency can be calculated using
mathematical formulas. The reverse process, applied to FM receivers, is called de-emphasis.
One example which clearly illustrates the effects of preemphasis is the RIAA equalization curve on 33 rpm and 45
rpm vinyl records.
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AUDIO CONTROL
17.2 AUDIO OUTPUTS
This section contains all the working parameters for the Falcon 3i analog output and digital output.
17.2.1 Analog Output
OUTPUT LEVEL: analogue output level of the Falcon 3i. The values settable range from -6.0 dBu to +20.0 dBu in
0.1dBu-steps
ANALOG DE-EMPHASIS: the ability to filter the analog output to remove the emphasis effect. The group delay can
also be adjusted within the range of 0 to +3 mS (Group Delay Adjust) if the transmitter experiences emphasis decoding
problems.
ANALOG OUTPUT IMPEDANCE: this option allows you to select the output impedance for the Falcon 3i. The values
allowed are 600Ω or 10kΩ.
ANALOG OUTPUT SOURCE SELECTION: with this Falcon 3i function you can decide which signal to place at the
Falcon 3i analog output. Audio signals can be routed with the following options: Input (actually a bypass) - Signal
processed - Generator. The generator allows you to set the audio generated by the internal signal generator at the
output. To set the parameters, see "Signal Processor".
17.2.2 Digital Output
OUTPUT LEVEL: the analogue output level of the Falcon 3i. The values
can be set from -25.0 dBFs to + 0 dBFs.
DIGITAL DE-EMPHASIS: the ability to filter the digital audio output to
remove the emphasis effect. It is also possible to adjust the group delay
within the range of 0 to +3 mS (Group Delay Adjust) if the transmitter
experiences emphasis decoding problems.
DIGITAL OUTPUT RATE: the sampling frequency of the digital output
signal. The values can be set at: 32 kHz, 44.1 kHz, 48 kHz, 64 kHz, 88.2
kHz, 96 kHz and INP.SYNC, which sets the frequency value depending
on the sampling frequency of the input signal. Everything is done
automatically.
DIGITAL OUTPUT RESOLUTION: this control sets the resolution of the digital output signal.
DIGITAL OUTPUT SOURCE SELECTION: with this Falcon 3i function you can decide which signal to place at the
Falcon 3i analog output. Audio signals can be routed with the following options: Input (actually a bypass) - Signal
processed - Generator. The generator allows you to set the audio generated by the internal signal generator at the
output. To set the parameters, see "Signal Processor".
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AUDIO CONTROL
17.3 SIGNAL GENERATOR
One special feature of the Falcon 3i is the internal generator which produces
sinusoidal signals in audio waveform. This feature is very important when it is
necessary to generate test signals and calibrate studio transmitter link (STL)
networks or the input and output phases of other equipment. The Falcon 3i internal
generator offers maximum accuracy.
The signal generator can be applied to the following outputs:
•
•
•
Analog Output,
Digital Output
MPX Setup
11
The Tone level can be selected from a range of 0% to 120% of the
total modulation.
The output configuration or Flow Control can be selected so as to remove the main or
secondary section of the composite outputs for measurement or alignment of the
transmission chain.
The frequency of the sinusoidal wave to generate is determined by the signal frequency, with
values ranging from 30 Hz to 15 KHz.
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47
AUDIO CONTROL
17.4 AUDIO PRE-PROCESS
The two parts which are key to creating your own sound footprint for the station can be found in the Audio PreProcess and Audio Process sections. The Input section also plays a key role in the audio processing chain, since
discrepancies between the input/output impedances or incorrect input sensitivity can generate audio disturbances or
distortions. The Falcon 3i allows you to set the "sound" of the MPX signal, the analog signal, and the digital signal in a
single operation. This way, each station can create its own sound footprint, both technically and artistically.
17.4.1 AGC: Automatic Gain Control.
Automatic Gain Control (AGC) is one of the most important features of the processor, which offsets changes in the input
level, while maintaining the internal signal at a standardised level of 0 dBr. All the AGC parameters are customizable and
can be edited as required. Like all processors in the Falcon Audio Processor series and unlike many wideband audio
processors, the Falcon 3i features two AGC features, which work alone on two separate bandwidths. This feature,
however, is typical in expensive, top-of-the-range audio processors. Using DSP-based technology, we can now offer a
product with high-level features and performance at a very competitive price.
The AGC cut frequencies are listed below.
Type:
ACG -1
ACG -2
Cross Frequency
5 - 30Hz – 200 Hz
200Hz 15kHz
Slope
12dB/oct
12dB/oct
DRIVE:
With this control, you can apply a variable gain ranging from 0.0 dB to 20.0
dB to the input signal of any unit. The work area inside the yellow end
sections is the "Safe Mode" work area, which is the area where you are
advised to stay in order to prevent unwanted sound effects introduced by the
audio processor.
ATTACK and RELEASE:
The AGC speed value is expressed in dB/seconds, i.e. the number of dB
amplified or attenuated in a second. The Falcon 3i allows you to set two different
working speeds for the main AGC function: the Attack speed and the Release
speed, with the former generally set significantly higher than the latter.
High AGC speed settings obviously allow the quick offsetting of considerable
differences in the input signal level, which, however, can lead to unpleasant "pumping" effects on the material applied to
the audio processor input. We recommend you use average speeds of about 2 or 3 dB/sec and work mainly on the audio
sources connected to the processor, to obtain a more uniform sound level.
GATE THRESHOLD:
The Gate Threshold parameter shows the threshold at which the AGC system
remains still, without either amplifying or reducing the signal at its input. When
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AUDIO CONTROL
there is no signal applied to the input, the ‘AGC GATED'‘ status is displayed on the screen. This condition is also
displayed in the software. In the event of a change in the signal, the AGC function always waits for a set time of 0.5
seconds before acting.
L/R LINKAGE
This control determines the percentage by which the left-hand and right-hand
channels are connected. A 0% setting means the LR channel is completely
decoupled and the processing architecture is of a dual mono kind. 100%
linkage means that the input audio content is stereo balanced. The lower the
linkage percentage, the greater the stereo image, resulting in a particularly "large" sound (Fat or Phat, in jargon)
Let’s have a look at a practical example: with a 90% value and a right-hand channel input level about -6dB lower than the
left channel, if you wait a few minutes you will notice that the analog, digital, and composite outputs have, respectively,
the left-hand channel and the right-hand channel virtually aligned.
17.4.2 Pre-Process Equalizer
The Pre-Process Equalizer is a Falcon 3i feature that allows you to
introduce an equalizer with free curves that can be customised to suit your
own taste, and fit it in before the multiband processor unit.
The effect introduced by this feature is extremely clear as regards the
vocal frequency spectrum, or specific presets with low compression levels.
As regards presets with high compression levels, the Multiband unit
located after the pre-equalizer tends to cancel out the effects.
17.4.3 Speech Detector
The speech detector function is a key operating parameter for the audio
processor.
It allows you to detect when spoken material is applied to the audio processor
input. Speech recognition is essential to be able to switch off audio processes where voices inputted may change
significantly in terms of timbre, colour and footprint. We recommend you always leave this control on.
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AUDIO CONTROL
17.5 AUDIO PROCESS
Most audio processors use a combination of internal compressors, limiters, and clippers that attempt to reduce the
dynamics, by reducing the modulation peaks and increasing the average ratio in each stage of the audio signal
processing. A cascade arrangement of the compressor, limiter, and clipper produces the best results. The first stage of
the process generally runs slowly and then the audio transformation generally speeds up progressively during the
various subsequent stages, becoming increasingly aggressive as the audio moves along the DSP processor chain. In
conjunction with this, the final stage of the chain contains the peak clipper and a look-ahead limiter, which sets the final
level of the peak on various levels.
The examples below help to explain some of the audio processes generally used in the Falcon 3i audio sound processor.
The images below show first the compression of the input dynamics, then the limiting, and lastly the peak clipping.
Original waveform
Compression:
Compression of the dynamics reduces the dynamic range of the audio waveform very slowly, in the same way as a
trained operator would edit the gain. Compression is generally performed on the audio signal (RMS) and the
compression ratio is usually settable. Gated compression can be set, i.e. closed/still/non-operational, so as to reduce the
noise during the moments of silence, or when there is no audio signal applied to the audio processor input.
Limiting:
Limiting is a faster form of compression that uses faster time and constant compression ratios (higher than normal) to
produce a denser sound, while the peaks are controlled according to the total peak level of the audio waveform. Too high
a limiting value could lead to a wall of sound which is unpleasant to the human ear.
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AUDIO CONTROL
Clipping:
Clipping the audio waveform has no effect on an acoustics level as long as it is done with moderation. Over-clipping
produces a distorted waveform, which sounds like a tear, a laceration of the sound. Clipping can also be a good way of
controlling the high frequency peaks, as long as it is used in association with a distortion control filter.
Lookahead limiter
This is often is used instead of a real clipper, but a lookahead limiter actually examines the input audio waveform and
prepares a gain control signal before the audio material inputted into the audio processor. All this is made possible by the
use of a delay line which processes the signal and, after analysing and processing it, outputs it again. This way, a very
slight sense of a delay is introduced, but the distortion caused by the overshoot is kept to a minimum. In actual fact, a
lookahead limiter behaves in the same way as a soft clipper. We recommend the use of this function to preserve the
quality of sound applied to the audio processor.
17.6 QUALITY OF THE AUDIO MATERIAL IN FALCON 3I INPUT
The Falcon 3i can significantly improve the quality of ON-AIR transmission. However, the device can only ever improve
on the audio material that is inputted. The best performance is achieved when the Falcon 3i is powered with clean,
correct audio. After the various multiband audio and sound re-equalization processes, if the quality of the audio material
is poor, then the audio outputted by the audio processor cannot be of higher quality than the material inputted into the
Falcon 3i processor. Here at Axel Technology, we strongly recommend the use of linear audio sources, not compressed
forms such as CDs or WAV. If you have to use compressed audio, we advise you to use data compression levels above
256kbps, although the various linear formats are still preferable.
Compressed audio formats use masking frequencies and data reduction techniques to reduce the bit-rate. Using the
Falcon 3i re-equalization function, the frequency masking characteristics of the bit reduction process could be edited and
consequently, after the use of Falcon 3i, distortion that was previously imperceptible in the data compression process
could become particularly obvious. We recommend you use the audio processor carefully, run all the tests before the
final airing, and put considerable time into defining your footprint. This is the only way of ensuring audio visibility within
the FM bandwidth range, helping the station to stand out from the rest.
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AUDIO CONTROL
17.7 MULTIBAND CONTROL MULTIBAND CONTROL AND MULTIBAND PROCESS /1
In the Multiband control page, you can define the amount of compression to apply to each bandwidth, ranging from a
minimum of - 6.0 dB to a maximum of + 6.0 dB. Using this control, you can set the threshold at which the compressor
must react.
A Threshold setting of 0dB (extreme high) means that the compressor only works when the level of that bandwidth
reaches of 0dB. Conversely, a setting of -9.0dB (extreme low) means that the compressor starts to work when the audio
level within that bandwidth reaches at least -9.0dB. Clearly, with a setting of around 0 dB, the compressor tends to work
very little and therefore maintains the original quality of the audio material inputted into the processor. Values closer to 9dB, meanwhile, tend to keep the compressor working constantly and therefore, as the dynamics are reduced, the audio
inputted into the audio processor will generally be processed (with values between-6.0dB and +6.0 dB).
17.8 FALCON 3I CROSS OVER FREQUENCY
In the below figure the Falcon 3i band cross over frequency. All the filtering has been made via digital DSP filtering and
the slope is 12dB/oct
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AUDIO CONTROL
17.9 MULTIBAND CONTROL AND MULTIBAND PROCESS /2
The Multiband Process section contains four parameters: Coupling, MultiBand Process, Brilliance, and Final Limiter
Drive.
17.9.1 Multiband Process:
This control shows process behaviour of the Falcon 3i. Various controls are grouped together under a few simple use
conditions. The controls grouped together in these four functions are conventional preset controls for a multiband
compressor, i.e. Attack, Release, and Threshold Gate. The action and compression modes are: PROTECTIVE NORMAL - AGGRESSIVE - EXTREME
PROTECTIVE is a limited type of compression, which tends to maintain a natural sound. In the NORMAL mode, the
compression parameters applied to the audio sent to the processor are slightly emphasized and the compression ratio is
increased, while a balance is maintained between the audio details of the material inputted and the compression applied.
The conditions for AGGRESSIVE and EXTREME, meanwhile, are different, as strong compression ratios are entered for
the AGGRESSIVE mode and even stronger ones are used for the EXTREME mode, creating a typically ‘pumped up’
sound. Generally speaking, the Multiband Process Aggressive and Extreme modes are designed to emphasize audio
material that already has little musical detail. This could be continuous musical content, such as heavy metal or hard
rock, or particularly complex audio material.
17.9.2 Coupling (Band Coupling)
The bandwidth coupling control can limit the ability of the bandwidths to work too independently, thereby destroying the
spectral balance of the original audio material inputted in the processor. The options available are LOW – MID – HIGH,
where Low means a low coupling between the bandwidths, so that they can work as independent as possible, while
HIGH tends to make the bandwidths work together as much as possible. MID mode offers a good compromise to enable
greater re-equalization for a more coherent tonal balance.
17.9.3 Brilliance Control
The Brilliance Control adjusts the brilliance of the sound, by amplifying or reducing its brightness. The control can be set
within a range of -6.0dB to +6.0dB.
17.9.4 Final Limiter Drive
The Final Limiter Drive is the last stage before the MPX stereo encoder and it is an extremely powerful control.
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AUDIO CONTROL
17.9.5 Final Limiter Section
In the upper part of the control software you can see the Final Limiter with its indications and level of work. Specifically,
the five histograms represent the following functions:
HF: High Frequency Limiter is the stage that occurs on the amount of emphasis applied to the original signal. If this
control is set too high, or works in the red area indicates that the preset you are using was created evil, and there is an
excess of compression or working on high frequencies.
BF: Final Bass Limiter, this limiter works on Bass, If this control is set too high, or works in the red area indicates that the
preset you are using was created evil, and there is an excess of compression or work on the frequencies high.
MF: Main Frequency Limiter, this whole band limiter intervenes between 350Hz and 15kHz. The action of this control can
be strongly influenced by the Final Limiter Drive control on the third Falcon and Falcon VS, while on Falcon XT control is
called Main Final Limiter Drive. If this control is set too high, or works in the red area indicates that the preset you are
using was created evil, and there is an excess of compression or working on high frequencies.
LA: Look Ahead Limiter Limiter intervention. If this control is set too high, or works in the red area indicates that the
preset you are using was created evil, and there is an excess of compression or working on high frequencies.
PA: Power Attenuator, when the Power Control ITU-R BS.412 is activated, this control indicates to what intervenes the
Power Control. If this control is set too high, or works in the red area indicates that the preset you are using was created
evil, and there is an excess of compression or working in the high frequency.
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RDS / RBDS GENERATOR - GENERAL SETUP
1. RDS / RBDS GENERATOR - GENERAL SETUP
The Radio Data System (RDS), which was introduced worldwide in 1992, is the European Union
standard for sending small amounts of digital information via the conventional FM radio
transmission system. The RDS system allows stations to transmit various kinds of information,
including their identifier. RDS has been standard in Europe since the nineties. With RDS, data is
sent at 1187.5 bits per second and includes program information, the title/author of the song on
the air, and traffic messages (TMC).
The RDS controls linked to phase and levels can be accessed via the front panel, while any other configuration
concerning texts, RDS data, etc., can be set up using the PC control software or via UECP.
The Falcon 3i RDS encoder features two different programming modes.
The first is fully compliant with the most recent UECP.
The second (Extended) features a wider range of options, which have been customized to render the Falcon 3i RDS
encoder more versatile and appropriate to most users' needs. In this case, some controls are not UECP-compliant.
When using the Universal Remoter software, data configuration can be performed in text/ASCII format (using the
Configuration Editor) or via the standard pages of the Remoter.
1
The current status of the RDS services on air can be constantly
monitored via the small blue screen in the right-hand corner in the centre
of the Falcon 3i - Universal Remoter screen.
The descriptions given on the following pages refer to the Falcon 3icon
with the RDS option installed.
If you cannot see the Radio Data System settings and want to install the
RDS option, contact the Axel Technology sales department.
Axel Technology has been a member of the RDS Forum since 1998
Unless otherwise stated otherwise, all the information contained in this section applies to both
generations of the system (i.e. RDS and RBDS). RBDS operations can be obtained on the Falcon 3i by
installing the RBDS-version Universal Remoter Control Software.
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RDS / RBDS GENERATOR - GENERAL SETUP
17.10 RDS GENERATOR - RDS ENCODER BLOCK DIAGRAM
17.10.1
On/off, RDS phase and level
Open the 'RDS SETTINGS' windows from the main tree menu. In the relative panel, select the
'RDS on' option to enable RDS generation. The RDS carrier can also be turned on or off via
the front panel.
The RDS Level cursor sets the RDS generation level within a range of - 44.0 and - 20.0 dB,
where 0 dBm is a deviation of 75 kHz.
The table below shows
the relationship between
the level and the signal deviation. The default value is -31.5dB, i.e. a deviation of D = 2.0 KHz.
-37.5 dB
-31.5 dB
-28.0 dB
-25.5 dB
-23.5 dB
-21.9 dB
17.10.2
D=1.0 KHz
D=2.0 KHz
D=3.0 KHz
D=4.0 KHz
D=5.0 KHz
D=6.0 KHz
UECP- OR NON-UECP-COMPATIBLE PROGRAMMING MODES
The Extended/non-UECP mode incorporates a full set of 'customised' features/controls,
which represent the extra value offered by the Falcon 3i. The Extended mode will be
outlined in the following pages, as it also includes the UECP-compliant mode.
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RDS / RBDS GENERATOR - GENERAL SETUP
17.11.1
CHARACTER TABLES (FOR RT, PS, PTYN SERVICES)
The Falcon 3i allows you to select the character table used in all text
services, such as PS, RT, PTYN.
It also allows you to add control characters, as envisaged by EBU
and ISO standards.
Please note that this feature has been disabled and automatically
succeeded by the new Radio Equipment standard ISO / IEC 62016:
2009
Nevertheless, the character tables available are user-settable:
EBU LATIN-BASED REPERTOIRE
EBU COMMON CORE
ISO PUBLICATION 646
TAKE CAREFUL NOTE OF THE SET OF CHARACTERS IN USE. SOME CHEAP RECEIVERS MAY NOT DISPLAY
ALL THE CHARACTER SETS PROPERLY.
17.11.2
ACTIVE DATASET AND ALTERNATIVES DATASET
The dataset contains all the RDS data, such as PS messages,
Radio Text, PI Code, etc.
The Falcon 3i contains two datasets, which can be retrieved
either via software, using the Universal Remoter, or via UECP
command, or with a GPIn contact.
The Active Dataset box displays the dataset to transmit and allows you to edit it, while the Alternative Dataset box allows
you to enter which dataset to air from a choice of Dataset 1 or Dataset 2. To recall the dataset, select it in the Alternative
DataSet On box:
The Alternative Dataset can be simply recalled with a UECP command (see the first item in the menu) or by applying a
positive control (active high) or negative control (active low) to Inputs 1-2-3-4 of the GPIO interface. This selection can be
made in the Alternative Dataset On section. This is the easiest way to switch between two sets of data: the current
dataset (active data) and an alternative dataset.
The selection can also be made via "CHANGEOVER" i.e., if the audio input backup should switch from one source to
another because the primary source is no longer valid, the dataset on the air changes.
An Alternative Dataset application case
At a given time of day, or even several times a day, a switch is made from regional to national transmitting. This switch
involves a PI CODE changeover, wherein the system switches from a regional variant of the same programme, changing
the PS, the AF, and the Radio Text.
An Alternative DataSet via Changeover application case.
In a transmission station, the audio program is received via satellite. Backup reception also takes place later on, also via
satellite but on a different channel. When the audio material of the main satellite is no longer valid, the Audio
changeover function switches input. When this occurs, the dataset on the air is also changed, and different PS or Radio
Text messages might be transmitted with result that the technicians, on seeing that these values had changed, would
understand that something had happened at the transmission site.
17.11.3
TA CONTROL (TYPE 15B GROUPS) EON - TA Control
TA Control (type 15B groups) and EON - TA Control (type 14B Groups) are UECP Protocol commands that are used to
improve TA switching in the Main Network and in EON networks.
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RDS / RBDS GENERATOR - GENERAL SETUP
17.12 FALCON 3I ACCESS RIGHTS
In the RDS version, the Falcon 3i offers users the chance to filter the services managed by the different communication
ports. The Falcon 3i has both a Serial Com port and a USB port available. The USB port is identified as Port 2, while the
and as RS232 port is Port 1. For each port, if you select the associated service, you can assign each port different
access rights.
This feature is vital if large organisations, networks, and broadcasters assign the various technicians to the functions in a
different way. One department handles the MPX Stereo Generation while a second department, which is separate from
the first, deals with the RDS service.
By assigning the two ports different access rights, only one service can be accessed at a time, without the risk of
interfering with the work of other departments.
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RDS / RBDS GENERATOR - GENERAL SETUP
17.13 STATIC RDS SETTINGS IN THE FALCON 3I
The Static RDS section contains a tree menu and three submenus consisting
of the Real Time Clock, GenPurpose DS1, and GenPurpose DS2. These
menus contain all the data relating to the PS, Radio Text, Time, etc
messages.
17.14 INTERNAL CLOCK SYNCHRONIZATION AND 'CT' SERVICE ENABLING
The Falcon 3i has an internal clock and internal calendar, which are used as a reference for scheduling the PS, RT, and
PTY/PIN services, or the CT (Clock Time) service.
The Real Time Clock panel allows you to adjust the time and date in current Falcon 3i models. If enabled (see CT on /off
button), this RDS feature allows each receiver to automatically set its own internal clock. The current time and date on
the PC used are displayed continuously in the middle of the panel. Two different time references can be selected for the
Falcon 3i: the PC clock or the time set by the user. The selection is made via the dialogue box located beneath the clock
display.
COMPUTER CLOCK: this synchronizes the Falcon 3i internal clock with the PC clock.
USER SETTINGS: this allows the user to set a specific time and date via the User Settings box on the left-hand side of
the panel (see figure below). NOTE: in accordance with the relevant CCIR Recommendations, time codes and
transmission dates shall use Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) and Modified Julian Day (MJD). However, the listener
will not use this information directly and the conversion into local time and date will be processed within the receiver
circuits.
A coded local time difference, expressed in multiples of half hours, can be applied to the user’s time and date codes (see
Local Time Offset options).
Click on ‘Synchronize' to refresh the Target time using the selected time reference. Check the current PC time before
refreshing the Falcon 3i clock.
The CT information is included in Group 4A. The group is controlled automatically by the Falcon 3i and is not
accessible to the user. For more information on Time Sync in the Falcon 3i, see Appendix A.
Whenever a UECP command containing the refreshed time is received, the Falcon 3i displays the words ‘SYNC:UECP’
in green at the bottom of the screen, as shown in the photo.
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DATASET 1 CONFIGURATION
18 DATASET 1 CONFIGURATION
18.1 INTRODUCTION TO DATASET1
The DataSet 1 multifunction menu includes all the settings related to the Main network (which is transmitting the dataset)
and up to 10 EON (Enhanced Other Networks). There is also another page (Services) for enabling/configuring the RDS
services supported in the dataset.
18.2 RDS GROUP CONFIGURATION (‘SERVICES’ PANEL)
As with the UECP protocol, the Services panel allows you to enable individual RDS services/features (e.g. PIN, RT, etc.)
and enter the Group Sequence included in the RDS signal.
The Falcon 3i accepts all the groups listed and reaches a maximum of 64 elements. The only groups not included are
4A (automatically generated) and 15A (not supported). This feature corresponds to ODA management, which allows the
use of any group for linking the information. The DYNAMIC services, such as TMC, IH, EWS, RadioTextPlus, TDC, and
ODA, are not supported by the Falcon 3i RDS
When any group is specified, the Falcon 3i which generates default Group 0A, which includes all the basic RDS
services (PS, OF, M/S, TP, TA, PTY, AF). Group 4A (which includes clock information) is controlled automatically by the
Falcon 3i, i.e. it is not user-settable.
If you wish to provide additional services to those in Group 0A, you will need to transmit a Group sequence. This
sequence can be generated manually with DragAndDrop, by dragging the corresponding group number from "Groups"
and dropping it in the "Group Sequence".
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DATASET 1 CONFIGURATION
18.3 EON/PSN SERVICES IN DATASET 1
The PSN (Programme Service Number) List is used as a reference for the entire
UECP index.
It allows you to associate the various PSN items (i.e. RDS configurations) with
the main networks and the EON, so that the same UECP command (e.g. TA) can
be transmitted to each encoder at the same time, regardless of which network it
belongs to, thereby activating the TA on the main network and the EON-TA on
the connected network.
In order to change the PSN assignment in the PSN list, simply click on the
chosen PSN and drag it to the desired position. Next, enable the individual
assignments by checking the Enable boxes.
For example, to assign PSN 5 to EON 2 (instead of the default PSN 3), drag
PSN5 to the current PSN 3 position. Then enable EON 2.
NB: You can only change the PSN List on an inactive dataset.
EXAMPLE
In the case of three RDS encoders broadcasting three stations (Radio 1, Radio 2 and Radio 3) and the same TA-UECP
command transmitted to each encoder at the same time, the PSN lists on the three encoders are as follows:
RADIO 1
RADIO 2
RADIO 3
The EON Fast Switch option (Group 14B) will be selected in the event of transmission of a high number of groups
(both Main and EON), in order to change the TA flag status of a programme service with cross-references more
quickly.
Some of the earlier RDS EON consumer receivers need up to four 14B Groups of the correct type for reliable
operation. Therefore, if manual group mode has been selected, we recommend you transmit the highest possible
number of 14B groups in 8 types, in order to ensure TA switching is detected in poor reception conditions.
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DATASET 1 CONFIGURATION
18.4 PI (PROGRAMME IDENTIFIER) CODE
The Main Network Panel contains all the settings relating to the RDS signal
currently being transmitted.
A double click on the Main Network icon will open a subtree containing the
following panels: Basic Services, Alternative Frequencies, RT (Radio Text) Edit,
PinPtyEdit, PsnEdit, Scheduler.
Access the Basic Services page.
18.4.1 PROGRAM IDENTIFIER CODE IN RDS MODE
PI (PROGRAMME IDENTIFIER) CODE - this
contains four hexadecimal numbers (see 'Code'
box).
The first is the country of transmission and is
assigned automatically by the Remoter software by
clicking on the country acronyms (see Country
Group). The second hexadecimal number is the
coverage profile (i.e., national, local, etc.). Click on
the appropriate item in the Coverage Area window
and the application assigns the relative
hexadecimal number. The 'Ref' window contains a
number within a range of 1 to 255 (normally
assigned by radio regulatory authorities).
If the complete hexadecimal code is already known, enter it in the 'Code' box.
18.4.2 PROGRAM IDENTIFIER CODE IN RBDS MODE
PI (PROGRAMME IDENTIFIER) CODE this contains four hexadecimal numbers
(see 'Code' box). The hexadecimal
code must be entered in the 'Code' 01
field - it will be transmitted 'as is'.
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DATASET 1 CONFIGURATION
18.5 DI (DECODER IDENTIFIER)
DI (DECODER IDENTIFIER): This dropdown menu allows you to
select the modulation type (Stereo, Mono, etc.). The stereo
modulation is assigned to STEREO, STATIC PTY, while the mono is
assigned to MONO, STATIC PTY.
Click OK to confirm, or ESC to exit without saving.
18.6 LINKAGE INFORMATION (LA, EG, ILS, LSN)
This can be accessed via the 'Basic Services' panel.
Linkage information provides a means with which various programme services (each featuring its own PI code) can be
processed by a receiver as a single service within the same times of a common programme.
During these times, each programme service maintains its own unique identity, i.e. the programme service must keep its
own PI code and the AF (Alternate Frequency) list or lists assigned to it, but it can change the features of the program,
such as PS, PTY, RT, TP and TA, in order to reflect the common programme;
With LA=1, a service which includes codes TP=1 or TP=0/TA=1 does not have to be linked to another service
which includes codes TP=0/TA=0.
The linkage information is transmitted in the four data elements below:
1) LA – Linkage Actuator (1-bit)
2) EG – Extended Generic (1-bit)
3) ILS – International Linkage Setting (1- bit)
4) LSN –Linkage Setting Number (12-bit)
18.7 TP, TA, MS CONFIGURATION & RELATIVE REMOTE CONTROL/MONITORING
Open the 'Basic Services' page in the Main Network (see section above).
TP - Traffic Program can be flagged to enable traffic announcements to be included during the programme tuned into.
The TP element most only be flagged for programs which switch dynamically to TA identification during traffic
announcements. It can be set to Enabled or Disabled.
TA - The Traffic Announcement element is an on/off signal designed to signal when there is a Traffic Announcement
on the air. To enable it, see the section below.
The TA and M/S statuses can be:
-
Fixed (enabled/disabled)
Associated with the relative UECP command
Associated with the statuses of one of the four
inputs on the GPIO port
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DATASET 1 CONFIGURATION
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DATASET 1 CONFIGURATION
M/S - Music/Speech is a double status signal which
can signal whether music or speech is being
transmitted. The signal will allow receivers to be
equipped with two separate volume controls, one for
music and one for speech, so that the listener can
adjust the balance between them to suit their personal
listening habits.
See the Appendix of this manual for the GPIO interface pinout.
The TA, TP and MS services are
included in the group of Basic
Services packages
18.8 SLOW LABELLING CODES
The Slow Labelling Codes, as they are transmitted via Group 1A, are entered in the
Slow Labelling Codes section of the Basic Services page.
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DATASET 1 CONFIGURATION
18.9 ALTERNATIVE FREQUENCIES (AF)
The alternative frequencies (AF) list or lists provide information on the various transmitters broadcasting the same
program in the same area or in adjacent reception areas. This structure proves particularly useful for car radios and
portable radios.
NB: Overall, up to 500 alternative frequencies can be entered in each dataset.
The list of alternative frequencies (AF) can be transmitted via two procedures: Procedure A and Procedure B.
In both cases, the lists must only contain the frequencies of the closest transmitters (or frequencies in overlapping
coverage areas).
NB: The receivers can establish which Procedure (A or B) is used by the respective data organization function
(coupled frequencies or individual frequencies) through the identifiers available for this purpose.
The Falcon 3i allows the user maximum freedom, when using either Procedure A or Procedure B,
regarding the creation of the list and, in particular, whether the frequency pairs are listed in descending
or ascending order, within Procedure B
How the receiver behaves may differ from one model to another. The examples given in these pages
are provided for illustrative purposes only and show the potential offered by the Falcon 3i in AF
programming. Please see the Cenelec standard for an in-depth discussion of AF programming.
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DATASET 1 CONFIGURATION
18.10 AF LIST CONSTRUCTION METHOD
First loading procedure (Drag & Drop) Select the AF from the available frequencies in the left-hand window by leftclicking them, then dragging over to the AF list. Release the left-hand mouse button to drop the frequency in the desired
AF list.
Second loading procedure (preset AF list) Highlight the AF to load by clicking on them. The selected column will go
bright red. Now double-click on the items you want in the main list; these will appear automatically in the highlighted AF
list.
-
"U" = prepare AF
“B” = create AF list with Procedure “B”
“R” = refresh AF using previous ranking
By right-clicking, you can delete ALL the frequencies in the highlighted list or in ALL the lists.
The lists containing at least one entry (i.e. not empty) are shown in blue.
- To delete a frequency from the list, left-click it, then drag it over to the rubbish bin (alternatively, click on
the 'Delete' button). Right-clicking on the rubbish bin with a skull on it deletes just one AF list.
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DATASET 1 CONFIGURATION
You can now select the AF list to delete and press OK to delete it.
A warning message is displayed to remind you that you are ONLY deleting in the Database Manager, so
if you wish to enter information at this time, press SEND.
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18.11 “METHOD A” AND “METHOD B” FOR THE AF
There are two ways of transmitting the AF lists: Procedure A or Method A and Procedure B or Method B. In both
cases, the lists should only include the frequencies for the closest transmitters and repeaters (with overlapping coverage
areas).
Generally speaking, Procedure A is used when the list contains no more than 25 frequencies and Procedure B is used
when the list is longer (up to a maximum of 24 lists). Procedure B is recommended when areas are divided or when
several programs are transmitted (Splitting)
NB: use of encoding procedure A or B is not expressly specified by a signal dedicated to the receiver, as the latter is able
to identify the procedure used by analyzing the structure of the data transmitted (whether organized in pairs or not).
PROCEDURE A (METHOD A)
Compile List AF1 by assigning the tuning frequency (i.e. the frequency that includes the list of alternative frequencies) to
the first position and then continue with the alternative frequencies that transmit exactly the same program, strictly in
ascending order.
We advise you to register the alternative frequencies (those of adjacent transmitters and receivers with overlapping
coverage areas) on each transmitter, making sure the first position is occupied by the frequency that includes the list of
alternative frequencies.
0101
For example, in the situation shown in the figure, three transmitters (B, D, E) only intersect in two coverage areas:
between B and D and between D and E. The lists below should be loaded onto each transmitter:
Tx B lists
(tuning frequency: f Tx B)
Tx D lists
(tuning frequency: f Tx D)
AF1
AF2
f Tx B
f Tx D
f Tx D
f Tx B
AF1
AF2
AF3
f Tx D
f Tx B
f Tx E
f Tx B
f Tx D
f Tx D
Note that the frequency of Transmitter C is not on the
list as its coverage area does not overlap with that of
Transmitter A.
Coverage area D partly overlaps the coverage area of
both Transmitters B and E and, therefore, we
recommend you load the lists for both adjacent
transmitters. Make sure you list all the frequencies
above the tuning frequency in ascending order.
f Tx E
Tx E lists
(tuning frequency: f Tx E)
AF1
AF2
f Tx E
f Tx D
f Tx D
f Tx E
Note that the frequency of Transmitter B is not on the
list as its coverage area does not overlap with that of
Transmitter E.
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PROCEDURE B (METHOD B)
As mentioned earlier, Method B is used when there are large numbers of alternative frequencies and/or when the
transmitter also has frequencies transmitting different radio programmes at different times of the day (subdivision, local
programming, etc.).
In the latter case, the mobile receiver must check whether the AF is transmitting the same content before selecting
another frequency.
Each list begins with the tuning frequency (for which the list is valid) and up to 12 frequency pairs in a row, each
containing the tuning frequency and an alternative frequency. If there are more than 12 possible alternative frequencies,
the list continues with other lists, following the same method.
The order of the frequencies in each pair follows the rules stated below:
-
If the order is ascending, the alternative frequency transmits the same programming as the tuning frequency.
If the order is descending, the two frequencies are programmed differently.
01
Going back to the example in the section above of Transmitters B, D and E (where Coverage areas D and E do not
overlap), two further lists will be assigned to Transmitter B, ranked according to the aforesaid criteria so as to take into
account any different programming by certain AF.
Tx B
(tuning frequency: f Tx B
AF1
AF2
f Tx B
f Tx D
f Tx B
f Tx D
f Tx D
f Tx B
Note that the tuning frequency f Tx B is
repeated twice in List 1: in first position, and
then coupled with f Tx D. Tx B transmits the
same programme as D if Tx B < f Tx D, and
different programmes if f Tx B > f Tx D.
The AF lists for the other transmitters are compiled following the same criteria, alternating frequency pairs. NB: if the
same tuning frequency is used by more than one transmitter within the same network, the corresponding AF lists should
not be consecutive (e.g. AF 1 and AF 2). The lists for different tuning frequencies must be positioned between them.
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18.12 RADIO TEXT PANEL
Once you have selected the Radio Text panel, you can enter up to 16 Radio Text messages, each one with a maximum
of 64 characters (including spaces). This refers to the text transmission, mainly aimed at home receivers, which will be
equipped with suitable display structures. This feature can also be used to display cyclical messages.
NB: only the MAIN RT field can be programmed according to UECP protocol.
The other fields (from RT01 to RT15) are related solely to the Extended UECP
RDS (customised) programming mode.
To enter Radio Text messages:
- select a field (MAIN RT, RT01, RT02, etc.) by clicking in the yellow area: the field selected will be displayed at the
bottom of the window.
- select and delete the default text displayed (e.g. RADIOTEXT 04)
- enter the new Radio Text message (max. 64 characters) in the field at the bottom.
- click on the ‘Update’ button
to refresh the message or click on
to delete it.
NB: The Main Radio Text Message (also known as RT 00) is transmitted by default.
The SCHEDULER panel schedules several RT sequences.
Please remember to enable the RT group in the Main RDS SERVICE panel. The name of
the group for RT is 2A
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18.13 PIN – PTY SERVICES
PIN / PTY EDITOR allows you to set up to 32 different PIN / PTY / PTYN items.
-
PIN – Programme Item Number
The PIN code will be used to enable the receivers and recorders designated to use this feature to respond to the
programme item or items that the user has pre-selected. The time used is the time set in the programme with the
day of the month added to avoid confusion.
-
PTY - Programme Type
This is an identification number which will be transmitted with each programme item and which specifies the current
programme type from a set of 31 type options. This code can be used for tuning searches. What is more, the code
will enable receivers and recorders suitable to be preset to respond solely to programme items of the desired type.
The last number, i.e. 31, is reserved for alarm identification purposes, the said function being designed to activate an
audio signal when a receiver is in receive standby mode
-
PTYN – Programme Type Name
The PTYN feature is used to provide further information on the current PTY. The PTYN allows a more specific PTY
description to be displayed (max. 8 characters), which the radio station may decide of its own choice (e.g. PTY = 4:
Sport and PTYN: Football). The PTYN is not intended to change the default eight PTY characters which will be used
during the search or standby modes, only to provide more programme type detail once a programme has been
tuned into. If the radio station is satisfied with a default PTY name, there is no need to use further data capacity for
the PTYN. The Programme Type Name is not envisaged for use for automatic PTY selection and should not be
used to provide information in sequence.
NB: the MAIN PTY can only be programmed in compliance with the Protocol UECP. The other fields (from
PTY/PIN01 to PTY/PIN31) are related solely to the Extended UECP RDS (customised) programming mode.
To enter the PTY/PIN:
- select a field (MAIN PTY, PTY01, PTY02, etc.) by clicking in the yellow area: the line selected will be displayed at the
bottom of the window (e.g. the figure above shows PTY 1 selected).
- select the PIN Date/Time (Day, Hour, Min) and the PTY from the list. Enter another PTYN (max. 8 char.) in the field at
the bottom.
- click on the ‘Update’ button
to refresh the data or click on
to delete it.
NB: The Main PTY/PIN (also known as PTY 00) is transmitted by default. Using the SCHEDULER panel (see
FOLLOWING PAGES) you can schedule several PTY sequences.
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Please remember to enable PTY and PTYN groups in the Main RDS SERVICE panel. The group numbers are for
PTY 1A and for PTYN 10A
PTY CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
PROGRAMME TYPE
None or indeterminate
News
Current affairs
Information
Sport
Educational
Theatre
Culture
Science
Miscellaneous
Pop
Rock
M.O.R.
Light classical
Classical
Other musical genres
Weather
PTY CODE
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
PROGRAMME TYPE
Finance
Children’s
Social affairs
Religious
Phone calls
Travel
Free time
Jazz
Country
National music
Golden oldies
Folk
Documentaries
Alarm Test
Alarm
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18.14 PROGRAMME SERVICE NAME
The Programme Service Name is a text comprising no more than eight alphanumeric characters which is displayed by
RDS receivers in order to inform the listener of the programme service transmitted by the station which the receiver is
tuned into. One example of a PS name is "Radio 1". The name of the programme service is not designed for use for
automatic tuning searches.
NB: the MAIN PSN can only be programmed in compliance with UECP protocol. The other fields (from PS1 to PS59)
are related solely to the Extended UECP (customised) programming mode.
To enter the PSN items:
- select a field (MAIN PSN, PSN1, PSN2, etc.) by clicking in the yellow area: the field selected will be displayed at the
bottom of the window (e.g. the figure above shows PSN 4 selected).
- select and delete the default text displayed (e.g. PSNAME 03) from the field at the bottom.
- enter the new PS name (max. 8 char.)
- click on the ‘Update’ button
to refresh the message or click on
to delete it.
NB: the Main PSN (also known as PS 00) is transmitted by default.
Using the SCHEDULER panel, you can schedule several PS sequences.
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18.15 VARIABLE PS ITEMS - STANDARD OPERATION
The section below outlines some of the standard tools for managing the variable PS items. For advanced PS
scheduling/programming, please see the Scheduler panel information (next section).
18.15.1
PS SEQUENCES
In Extended UECP mode, the Falcon 3i allows you to easily create and transmit sequences comprising a maximum of 60
PS names. For each PS, you can also set the respective 'display speed' (in relation to the time for which it will be visible on
the receiver display unit).
To enter the individual PSN that make up the sequence, please see the previous page.
Each message can be set with a different display speed. The options available are listed in the PSN
SPEED pop-up menu (slowest, slow, normal, fast, and fastest).
NB: the time needed for a receiver to receive and properly display a message depends on the
following factors:
-
Number of characters in the message
Data group repetition rate/total number of groups executed by the RDS signal.
Reception conditions at the receiver
Software implementation of the PS feature
As a result of these conditions, you cannot set an exact duration for each PSN (i.e. a set number of
seconds). In any case, a ‘normal’ display speed usually refers to a display time of approx. 3
seconds. Please remember that the ‘fast’ and ‘fastest’ speeds are only recommended if a large
number of groups are executed by the RDS signal. See also the ‘Warning’ note at the end of this
section.
The 'Stopped' option allows you to keep a specific PSN constantly displayed. This feature is very
useful when several PS sequences are scheduled via the Scheduler panel (see next section). Please
make sure that there is no stopped PSN set in the middle of a PS sequence.
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18.16 THE SCHEDULER
The Scheduler allows you to organize round-the-clock RDS transmission on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis.
The Scheduler is used to implement the specific Falcon 3i RDS transmission/editing features (PS, PTY/PIN) at specific
times and dates.
The programming editing is saved and implemented immediately. The programming activity is activated (i.e. aired) in 1
minute at the most.
The basic unit of the Event Scheduler is the Event, which is a RDS feature (PS, PTY/PIN) that can be configured to be
launched automatically at a specific date and time or cyclically with a specified frequency.
Events have two kinds of properties that influence their operation mode: operational properties and chronological
properties. The operational properties determine the Event operations (i.e. the type of event) and the chronological
properties determine the time at which the event is launched.
The Scheduler’s programming capacity is extremely flexible, allowing you to set the duration of each event, within a
range of 1 minute to 365 days a year, increasing the duration in 1-minute steps. Up to 64 events can be saved in the
memory of the Falcon 3i. The Event Scheduler allows the user to set four event types (PS, PTY/PIN) to occur
simultaneously.
Let’s have a look at some examples.
-
You can program a new PS Name to be transmitted during specific intervals (e.g. from 6:00 to 12:00).
-
A specific PTY can be programmed to be launched at 2:00 every afternoon.
Every minute, the Falcon 3i will check for newly scheduled events and activate them. This means that a newly scheduled
event can be transmitted within 1 minute. Note that the Falcon 3i scans the scheduled events in the Scheduler with a
bottom-up approach. This means that if the timing of two events partly or completely overlaps, the Falcon 3i will
execute the event with the highest rank (see FOLLOWING pages). THE TIGER SHARK CLOCK MUST THEREFORE
BE KEPT ACCURATE TO ENSURE MORE RELIABLE SCHEDULER OPERATION.
An individual event may be enabled or disabled at any time using the Enable option provided for each event.
NB:
There is no time format change option (i.e. from 12 to 24 hour clock) available
There is a Preview bar featured with cross-references, which offers a quick way of finding the item you are
scheduling.
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This section provides working knowledge of the Scheduler’s general features and step-by-step programming instructions.
In particular, it describes how to enter items (PS Names, etc.) already created in blank event slots (lines) in the
Programming Table.
To open the Scheduler, click the Scheduler icon in the navigation tree.
0101
SCHEDULER OVERVIEW
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Event lines
Each event line provides complete information on the type of event and the day, month, date, and
year for which it is scheduled.
Edit bar
The Edit bar allows you to set/edit the properties of the highlighted event (event type, launch time
and date, etc.).
Item Type
Two different RDS features (PS, PTY / PIN) can be scheduled. The Item Type menu allows you to
assign a new event to one of these four features.
Item N.
This shows the specific RT/PS/PTY item scheduled (e.g. PSN 6)
EndPS
If the Event is a PS sequence, the Item N. field shows the first element of the sequence and the
End PS field shows the last element
Calendar
The Calendar is a set of menus that allows you to set a specific time and date or a specific range
for the selected event. Daily scheduling tools are also provided.
Master enable
This shows the event’s master status. If the event is not enabled, it is not taken into account by the
Scheduler.
8
Update button
Once a new event has been scheduled, the Update button allows you to refresh the Target and
Scheduler table (event lines).
9
Delete button
This deletes all the properties of the event currently displayed on the Edit bar.
10 Preview bar
This contains cross-references to the PTY and PSN Editor, in order to show the content of the item
to schedule.
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18.16.1
START
Check that the clock shows the right current time.
Highlight the event to be programmed by clicking on the yellow field in the Event lines:
the event selected will appear in the Edit bar at the bottom of the panel.
The figure shows Event 2 selected.
18.16.2
SELECTING AN ITEM TYPE
In this stage, you can select the type of event or events to implement from the list of items available (PS, PTY/PIN).
When you click on the open menu arrow next to the Item Type field, a dropdown menu appears. The Item Type can be
selected from this menu.
18.16.3
SELECTING AN ITEM NUMBER
After setting the RDS feature to schedule, the Item Number menu allows you to select a
particular PSN, or PTY item (e.g., PSN 4 or RT 7).
The PS End menu allows you to select the last item in the PS sequences.
EXAMPLE 1
You wish to schedule the PSN sequence: RADIO/LONDON/INTNL.
The PSN Editor panel is similar to the figure below:
0000
0000
The Scheduler panel must be configured as
shown in the figure (NB: the MAIN PSN is also
called PSN 00).
The Edit bar will display the first and last items in
the sequence.
EXAMPLE 2
If you wish to transmit just one PSN (e.g. PSN00), the PSN Editor panel (see 00000
section 18:14) is similar to the figure shown here on the right.
The Scheduler panel must be configured as shown in the figure
(the PS End field is left blank - as it will display the symbol --)
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18.16.4
SETTING THE SCHEDULER TIME AND DATE
The Calendar area allows you to set the date and time at which the Scheduler is required to implement the event(s).
When the menu open arrow next to the date fields is selected, the specific Hour/Minutes/Day/Month/Year menu appears.
The date or time range can be selected from this menu.
The Falcon 3i Scheduler works according to a temporal correspondence mechanism. This means that, at the
beginning of each minute (i.e. when the internal clock reaches XX:XX:00), the Falcon 3i checks the current time
against all the start times of the scheduled events and launches events whose start time corresponds with the
current time.
The TIME menu includes the following options:
Individual hours
The event is launched any time the hour shown on the clock matches the hour selected.
Time range
The event is launched any time the hour shown on the clock matches the hours included within
the chosen range.
ALL
The event is launched regardless of the time on the clock.
The MIN menu includes the following options:
Individual minutes
The event is launched at any time the minutes shown on the clock match the minutes selected.
Time range
The event is launched at any time the minutes shown on the clock match the minutes included
within the chosen range.
Asterisk
(*)
Minutes digit
ALL
+ The asterisk (*) shows that the first digit of the minutes (0,1,2,3,4,5) is not crucial; therefore,
the event is launched any time the minutes on the clock match simply the second digit chosen.
See Examples 7 and 8 below.
The event is launched regardless of the minutes on the clock.
EXAMPLE 4
E.g., The PSN 00 scheduled in the example above (Event 1) will only be active from 10:34:00 to 10:34:59 every day.
EXAMPLE 5
The PSN 00 scheduled in the example above (Event 1) will only be active from 07:00:00 to 12:59:59 every day.
Since there is no minutes specification (see 'All' selection), the Falcon 3i keeps the event active as of the first hour that
matches 'the current one (7.00) until the first minute of hour '12 '.
EXAMPLE 6
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The PSN 02 scheduled in the example above (Event 1) will be active as follows:
From 07:10 to 07:19
From 09:10 to 09:19
From 11:10 to 11:19
From 08:10 to 08:19
From 10:10 to 10:19
From 12:10 to 12:19
EXAMPLE 7
The PSN 04 scheduled in the example above (Event 1) will be active as follows:
13:07 (i.e. from 13:07:00 to 13:07:59)
13:37 (i.e. from 13:37:00 to 13:37:59)
13:17 (i.e. from 13:17:00 to 13:17:59)
13:47 (i.e. from 13:47:00 to 13:47:59)
13:27 (i.e. from 13:27:00 to 13:27:59)
13:57 (i.e. from 13:57:00 to 13:57:59)
i.e. the asterisk symbol (*) shows that the first digit of the minutes specification (0,1,2,3,4,5) is not crucial, and
the event is enabled any time the second digit is '7'.
DATE SCHEDULING
As far as the date is concerned, there are several options to consider when deciding on the event launch frequency.
* Specific days of the week, e.g. MON, WED, and FRI
th
th
* Specific date/dates (e.g. 10 March 2001 or 13 April any year)
* Every day/on a selected day of every month, etc.
Selecting the Week option disables the Calendar option.
The DAY menu includes the following options:
Individual day
The event is launched any time the date on the clock (day) matches the date selected.
Range of days
The event is launched any time the date on the clock (day) matches any of the days included
within the chosen range.
ALL
The event is launched regardless of the day on the clock date.
The MONTH menu includes the following options:
Individual month
The event is launched any time the date on the clock (month) matches the date selected.
ALL
The event is launched regardless of the date on the clock (month).
The YEAR menu includes the following options:
Individual year
The event is launched any time the date on the clock (year) matches the date selected.
ALL
The event is launched regardless of the date on the clock (year).
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Day of the WEEK option
The event is launched every selected day of the week (in which case, the Year, Month, and Day menus are automatically
disabled).
18.16.5
ENABLING AN EVENT
Once you have set up a new event via the Edit bar, Enable must be checked (YES) (see Scheduler figure)
18.16.6
EVENT REFRESH
Once you have keyed in a new event via the Edit bar and enabled it, click on the following button:
UPDATE (REFRESH) to schedule the event (or render it effective). Please note that the Update button is disabled if the
event scheduling is incorrect or incomplete.
18.16.7
CLEARING A SCHEDULED EVENT
1 Select (click) the event to clear from the Events bar: the event will be displayed in the Edit bar
2 Select the CLEAR button:
18.16.8
from the Edit bar
EVENT PRIORITY
When two or more events (OF THE SAME TYPE) overlap, priority is automatically assigned to the most highly ranked
event (e.g.., Event 4 has higher priority than Event 2).
EXAMPLE 1
The figure above shows a possible daily schedule for four Events of the same kind (e.g. four PSN items).
In this case, only Event 4 is transmitted as scheduled (from 9:00 to 11:30); Event 3 is only transmitted from 8:30 to
9:00, Event 2 from 7:00 to 8:30, and Event 1 is kept inactive, as it is completely 'hidden' by the other events
We recommend you schedule events with the lowest priority as DEFAULT events
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EXAMPLE 8
Event 1: PSN. 00 (Main PS) is the default PS (i.e. It is transmitted whenever no other PS is scheduled)
Event 2: PSN 01 is scheduled every day, from 07.00 am to 12.59 am. It will replace PSN 00 within that time range.
Event 3: PSN 02 is only scheduled for Mondays from 10:00 am to 11:59 am.
11
When an event ends and no other event matches the current time, the Scheduler will keep the last event on air for
another 2 or 3 minutes. The default PSN (i.e. PSN 00) is then automatically restored.
18.16.9
OVERALL SCHEDULER EXAMPLES
The following instructions explain how to program the Scheduler in order to perform the timing operations
EXAMPLE 9
Events 1-5 allow you to program two PS sequences. The PS 1 sequence (from PSN 01 to PSN 03) is the default and is
transmitted daily from 12:00:00 to 23:59:59
The PS 2 sequence (comprising PSN 04 through to PSN 08) will be aired every day from 00:00:00 (midnight) through to
11:59:59 am.
Since the time range of 00:00 to 12:00 is not a default setting, you will need to cover this interval by sequencing various
Events with the same Start PS + End PS but with different time ranges.
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EXAMPLE 10 (Use of PSN Stopped)
Recommended PS scheduling includes a fixed PSN (i.e. 8 characters) for most of the time (90%) and dynamic PS
sequences that begin every few minutes (e.g. every 5 minutes).
For scheduling of this kind, the PSN Editor panel should look similar to the figure below. Note that the speed of the last
PSN (BBC ONE) is set at 'Stopped' as this is the PSN that must be displayed for a lengthy period.
0000
The Scheduler window will be similar to the figure below:
The sequences of PS 00 through to PS 04 will start every 5 minutes, and after the first three items have been displayed
once, the last PS (BBC ONE) will remain displayed until a new Event is launched.
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18.17
EON NETWORK CONFIGURATION IN DATASET 1
The Enhanced Other Network feature can be used to update the information stored in a receiver concerning other
programme services than those received. Alternative frequencies, the PS name, the Traffic Programme, and the Traffic
Announcement identification, as well as the Programme Type and Programme Item Number information, can be
transmitted for any other service. The relationship with the corresponding programme is established through the relative
Program Identification. The linkage information, which consists of four data elements, provides the means with which
various programme services can be processed by the receiver as a single service whenever a common programme is
maintained. The linkage information also provides a mechanism for signalling a broader set of related services.
The Falcon 3i supports the following EON codes:
EON-PI, EON-PS, EON-TP, EON-TA, EON-AF, EON-PIN, EON-PTY.
Linkage Information will also be added.
Up to 10 different EON items can be configured for each dataset:
The EON Basic Services pages and the AF windows are very similar to those associated with the main window. Please
see the previous sections for the respective configuration.
As regards the AF, EON services in particular offer an additional programming procedure, called Mapped Frequency
Procedure. Radio stations can choose the most appropriate method for them.
EON services must be enabled by adding the groups associated with the group sequence on air.
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ALTERNATIVE DATASET 2 - CONFIGURATION AND RECALL
19 ALTERNATIVE DATASET 2 - CONFIGURATION AND RECALL
To configure Dataset 2, carry out the same configuration procedure as for Dataset 1.
19.1 DATASET 'RECALL' MODE
The Dataset can be selected via the current Dataset menu in the RDS SETTINGS page. There are a number of options
available.
19.2 SELECTING THE ALTERNATIVE DATASET
The Alternative Dataset is the dataset used in alternative to the current dataset. The Current Dataset is selected from
the Active DataSet menu
The Alternative Dataset can be recalled via a UECP command (see the first item in the menu) or a positive control
(active high) or negative control (active low) applied to Inputs 1 to 5 of the Opto interface, as envisaged in the menu.
This is the easiest way to change/switch between two datasets, i.e. the current set (Active Dataset) and an
Alternative Dataset.
Typical example: switching the dataset during the day to suit the national/regional audio program transmitted.
19.3 DIRECT SELECTION OF DATASET 1 VIA A DIFFERENT DS
As well as selecting the Alternative Dataset as shown above,
the user can instantly recall any dataset using a
combination of GPI interface input activations or a UECP
command.
To do so, select EXTERNAL C(on)TR(o)L (last item in the
menu).
For more details on GPI, please see the Appendix to this manual.
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TECHNICAL APPENDIX
20 TECHNICAL APPENDIX
This section provides all the technical explanations, and the connection pinouts to and from the Falcon 3i device. Always
refer to this technical appendix for connections and connection procedures. In case of differences between the
documentation below and the hardware device, please contact Axel Technology at the numbers and e-mail addresses
shown at the end of this manual. Our technical and assistance department will be pleased to help you!
20.1 APPENDIX A – BALANCED AUDIO CONNECTION AND PINOUT
Balanced Audio connection diagram with balanced XLR for Analogue audio input and output (Left+Right) and
AES/EBU digital audio input and output.
20.2 APPENDIX B – SERIAL CONNECTION E PINOUT
PORT 1
2
Tx
3
Rx
4
DTR
5
GND
RS 232 Male
2
3
4
5
PORT 2,3,4
2
Tx
3
Rx
4
/
5
GND
RS 232 Female
2
3
4
5
A standard Pin-to-Pin serial cable is required for the PC connection, not a CROSSOVER one. For a correct connection
the cable must not be more than 20 m long. Ports 2 and 3 use only the Tx, Rx and GND for the PC connection while port
1 also has the DTR (Data Terminal Ready) for modem connection. The port connection speed must coincide with the
speed of the port of the Falcon 3i and of the PC’s serial port.
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20.3 APPENDIX C –ETHERNET/LAN CONNECTIONS
20.4 APPENDIX D –USB A/B CONNECTION
| TECHNICAL APPENDIX
88
TECHNICAL APPENDIX
1.2
APPENDIX F - GPIO PORT
The 15 pin HD SubD GPIO connector on the back of the Falcon 3i features four General Purpose inputs and four
General Purpose binary outputs. The inputs are polarised Optocoupler inputs, while the outputs are Open Collector
outputs. They can be used to send commands to the device and to carry out specific functions. The inputs feature
polarized photo couplers on each input and a 150 Ohm protection resistor is always installed in series inside. The
maximum current that can circulate on each photo coupler is 20mA. The voltage supplied between pin 9 and pin 1 is +5
V dc non-stabilised.
1.2.1
GP In connection via internal activation (Relay)
As shown in the diagram below, taking the tension from falcon 3i GPIO port it is possible to polarize a photocoupler and
use one of the four GP Input available. Taking the +5 V from pin9 and applying it to the anode of an optocoupler and
then connecting the common katode (pin7) to the mass represented by pin1 it is possible to reach the function.
| TECHNICAL APPENDIX
89
TECHNICAL APPENDIX
1.2.2
GP In connection via external signal activation (TTL)
As shown in the diagram below, taking the voltage externally from the Falcon XT it is possible to polarize a
photocoupler and and use one of the four GP Input available.
Caution: in this case the ground of the TTL signals of the generators are common.
| TECHNICAL APPENDIX
90
TECHNICAL APPENDIX
1.2.3
GP In correspondancy (Internal view)
View from the back, ie within the SubD connector 15p HD. Connections correspond to the internal
connections of the Falcon 3i
1.2.4
GP In (Optocoupler) correspondence
Optocoupler
GP In -1
GP In -2
GP In -3
GP In -4
PWS
GND
Pin SubD 15p HD
Anode5 – Katode7
Anode13 – Katode7
Anode6 – Katode7
Anode14 – Katode7
9
1
Note
PSU +5Vcc
GND – Ground
| TECHNICAL APPENDIX
91
TECHNICAL APPENDIX
1.2.5
GP Out (Open Collector) correspondence
| TECHNICAL APPENDIX
92
TECHNICAL APPENDIX
1.2.6
GP In and GP Out Correspondence – Test Board Circuit
| TECHNICAL APPENDIX
93
APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
2 APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
2.1.1
a.
Analog connection
Falcon 3i connection via analog audio. The main programme output (PGM) is sent to the Falcon 3i audio
processor via XLR connection. The MPX composite output is sent via BNC connection to the transmitter MPX
input. The audio processor output is MPX OUTPUT -1
| APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
94
APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
2.1.2
b.
AES/EBU Digital connection
Falcon 3i connection via AES/EBU digital audio. The main programme output (PGM) is sent to the Falcon 3i
audio processor via XLR cable. The MPX composite output is sent via BNC connection to the transmitter MPX
input. The audio processor output is MPX OUTPUT -1
| APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
95
APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
2.1.3
c.
Analog connection and two transmitters
Falcon 3i connection with two transmitters, i.e. a programme transmitter and standby transmitter, or two
identical programme transmitters broadcasting on different frequencies via analog audio connection. The main
program output (PGM) is sent to the Falcon 3i audio processor via XLR connection. The MPX composite output
is sent via BNC connection to the transmitter MPX input. The audio processor output is MPX OUTPUT -1
| APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
96
APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
2.1.4
d.
Analog Connection and an RDS Encoder (SideChain)
Falcon 3i connection to a third party RDS encoder. The RDS encoder output is sent to Input AUX-2 RDS, while
to provide the RDS encoder with a Sync signal for the 19kHz pilot tone, the entire programme can be taken out
via MPX OUT-2. Take care not to send the same signal as is generated by the RDS encoder to MPX OUT-2;
please see the section on AUX SETTINGS – SCA INPUTS.
Warning: Falcon 3i does not generate Sync Out signals
| APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
97
APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
2.1.5
e.
Analog Connection and an Axel Technology RDS encoder (SideChain)
Side-Chain connection mode: depending on the availability of a reference Sync signal that can be taken from
MPX OUT 2 (use of the stereo generator 19 kHz clock) it is much easier to lock the signal RDS phase at the
pilot frequency. This greatly facilitates elimination of any intermodulation components that may exist between
the pilot and the RDS signal.
| APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
98
APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
2.1.6
f.
Analog Connection and an Axel Technology RDS encoder (Loop-Through)
Loop-through mode, the output of the Falcon Audio Processor is wired directly to the input AUX 1 of the RDS
encoder. The output of the RDS encoder will be connected to the normal input composite / MPX transmitter FM
exciter. Thus as noted, this configuration is not recommended, because the composite signal / MPX passes
through the RDS encoder and the transmission of the program will be interrupted in the event of failure of the
RDS encoder, in case you do NOT use of encoders Axel Technology which always include the Hardware
Bypass between AUX1 and MPXOUT MPXOUT-1 and-2. RDS subcarrier phase will be locked to MPX stereo
FM signal on the outside. (see user guide RDS encoder)
| APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
99
APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
2.1.7
g.
Analog Connection and a RDS Encoder (Loop-Through)
Loop-through mode, the output of the Falcon Audio Processor is wired directly to the input of the RDS encoder
input. The output of the RDS encoder will be connected to the normal input composite / MPX transmitter FM
exciter. Thus as noted, this configuration is not recommended, because the composite signal / MPX passes
through the RDS encoder and the transmission of the program will be interrupted in the event of failure of the
RDS encoder.
| APPENDIX G - FALCON 3I CONNECTION EXAMPLE
100
APPENDIX F – FIRMWARE UPDATE PROCEDURE
21 APPENDIX F – FIRMWARE UPDATE PROCEDURE
The most recent firmware version is installed by the manufacturer on the Falcon 3i before it is
delivered. Once purchased, the firmware can be updated with the latest version available. The
Firmware Upgrade can be carried out using the Windows operating system. The suitable
operating systems are: Windows Xp Sp3, Windows Vista and Windows 7 Ultimate 32/64 Bit.
Check that Microsoft.net 4 is installed on the operating system; if this is not the case, go to
www.microsoft.com for the installation.
To upgrade the processor follow the procedure below:
Following the initialisation of the device (firmware upgrade), all the user’s settings and
adjustments may be deleted and/or overwritten by the manufacturer’s new configuration! Save
your current configuration in a document outside the device before upgrading the firmware.
In the firmware upgrade phase remember to install the new version of the associated software
for remote control of the PC. There is a direct correspondence between the firmware and
software versions. For example the PC software version 3.0 requires installation of the firmware
version 3.0 on the unit and vice versa. More precisely, the first two digits must correspond; in so
far as possible, the sub-versions (identified by the third digit) are not involved in the
firmware/software compatibility.
As a general rule, the X.Y.Z software version is executed with the X.Y.K firmware version
21.1 PREPARING THE DEVICE FOR UPGRADING
To correctly update or upgrade a Falcon 3i device, use an Rs232 COM Serial port. If the port is native on the PC’s
motherboard, the port characteristics do not need to be set; if USB-to-Serial adaptors are used, then - in some cases - it
may be necessary to set certain port data, such as speed and stop bits. The software upgrader operates with the
following port values:
38,400bps, 8-N-1
Follow each step of these instructions to correctly execute the upgrade:
e.
a.
Close all open applications.
b.
Access the “Fw UpGrades” folder
c.
Double click on the FILE ASSOCIATED with the required upgrade:
d.
Launch the program: Upgrader_V2xx.EXE
Falcon 3i_Upgrader_V201.exe
NB: to check the current version of your Falcon 3i, enter the Firmware Version page from the system information menu.
| APPENDIX F – FIRMWARE UPDATE PROCEDURE
101
APPENDIX F – FIRMWARE UPDATE PROCEDURE
f.
g.
h.
i.
Select the PC serial port on the screen
Switch off the Falcon 3i device
Switch on the Falcon 3i device and press the CONNECT button within 3 seconds
Once the software is connected to the Falcon 3i device, the following page will appear: At the same time the front
display of the device remains completely blank, showing nothing.
j. Once the Falcon 3i is connected to the software, click PROGRAM
k. The Firmware upgrade will start; at the end, click EXIT, then switch the Falcon 3i off then on again.
l. Do not stop or switch off or close the upgrade software, as this could impair operation of the device.
| APPENDIX F – FIRMWARE UPDATE PROCEDURE
102
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION -FALCON 3I
22 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION -FALCON 3I
GENERAL
VALUE
Dimension
AC Rate
Type of power supply
Processing architecture
434x351x44mm (1 rack unit)
230Vac / 110Vac 50 Hz / 60 Hz 30VA
Switching power supply
Fully digital, based on DSP 24bit/100Mhz. Signal processing is performed by
phase linear filter
≈ 5 Kg
-5°C / +50°C
Weight
Operating Temperature
ANALOG INPUT MODULE
A/D Conversion
Connectors:
AD Clipping Point
Operative Nominal Level:
Line Impedance
Distortion:
AD Dynamic Range:
Input Modes:
24bit Sigma-Delta Conversion (Crystal CS4272)
XLR, female - Electronically balanced
+20.0dBu
From –12.0dBu to +12.0dBu (0.1dBu Step)
10 kΩ (Electronically balanced selectable) EMI–suppressed
less than 0.01% TDH+NOISE (0.0dBu 1Khz)
108 dB RMS (110 dB A weighted)
Stereo, Mono (Left), Mono (Right), Mono (Left+Right)
DIGITAL INPUT MODULE
Connectors:
Format
Sample rates
Operative Nominal level:
Dynamic Range:
Distortion
Input Modes:
XLR, female – Electronically balanced
AES3/EBU
32 kHz / 44.1 kHz / 48 kHz / 64 kHz / 88.2 kHz / 96 kHz with src and jitter
correction
From 0.0 dBFs to -24dBFs (0.1 dBu step)
125 dB (Typ), 122 dB (Min)
less than 0.01% TDH+NOISE (0.0dBu 1Khz)
Stereo, Mono (Left), Mono (Right), Mono (Left+Right),
ANALOG OUTPUT MODULE
D/A Conversion
Connectors
Output Level
Impedance Source
Load Impedance
Distortion
24bit Sigma-Delta Conversion (Crystal CS4272)
XLR, male - Electronically balanced
-12.0dBu to +14.0dBu (0.1dBu Step) – Max (+19dBu)
10 Ω
600 Ω or greater
Less than 0.01% TDH+NOISE (0.0dBu @ 1Khz)
DIGITAL OUTPUT MODULE
Connectors:
Format
Sample rates
Resolution
Operative Nominal level:
Dynamic Range:
Distortion
Input Modes:
XLR, Male – Electronically balanced
AES3/EBU
32 kHz / 44.1 kHz / 48 kHz / 64 kHz / 88.2 kHz / 96 kHz with src and jitter
correction
16 bit – 20 bit – 24 bit
From 0.0 dBFs to -24dBFs (0.1 dBu step)
125 dB (Typ), 122 dB (Min)
less than 0.01% TDH+NOISE (0.0dBu 1Khz)
Stereo, Mono (Left), Mono (Right), Mono (Left+Right)
REMOTE INTERFACE
Digital Inputs GPIn
Digital Outputs GPOut
Serial Interface
USB
Ethernet Port and Parser ASCII
protocol
4x GP In optocoupled
4x GP Out Open Collector optoisolated
2x RS-232 Serial protocol ports EMI filtered
1x Universal Serial Bus port – B type EMI filtered
Ethernet port by option, over RJ45 connector with web server interface.
| TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION -FALCON 3I
103
WEEE Directive – Informativa RAEE
23 WEEE Directive – Informativa RAEE
11In line with EU Directive 2002/96/EC for waste electrical and electronic equipment
(WEEE), this electrical product must not be disposed of as unsorted municipal waste.
Please dispose of this product by returning it to the point of sale or to your local municipal
collection point for recycling.
In Übereinstimmung mit der Richtlinie 2002/96/EG des Europäischen Parlaments
und des Rates über Elektro- und Elektronik-Altgeräte (WEEE) darf dieses Elektrogerät
nicht im normalen Hausmüll oder dem Gelben Sack entsorgt werden. Wenn Sie dieses
Produkt entsorgen möchten, bringen Sie es bitte zur Verkaufsstelle zurück oder zum
Recycling-Sammelpunkt Ihrer Gemeinde.
Conformément à la Directive 2002/96/EC sur les déchets d’équipements électriques et électroniques (DEEE), ce produit
électrique ne doit en aucun cas être mis au rebut sous forme de déchet municipal non trié. Veuillez vous débarrasser de
ce produit en le renvoyant à son point de vente ou au point de ramassage local dans votre municipalité, à des fins de
recyclage.
In navolging van richtlijn 2002/96/EG van het Europees Parlement en de Raad betreffende afgedankte elektrische en
elektronische apparatuur (AEEA) mag dit elektrische product niet als ongescheiden huisvuil worden weggedaan. Breng
dit product terug naar de plaats van aankoop of naar het gemeentelijke afvalinzamelingspunt voor recycling.
In ottemperanza alla Direttiva UE 2002/96/EC sui rifiuti di apparecchiature elettriche ed elettroniche (RAEE), questo
prodotto elettrico non deve essere smaltito come rifiuto municipale misto. Si prega di smaltire il prodotto riportandolo al
punto vendita o al punto di raccolta municipale locale per un opportuno riciclaggio.
De conformidad con la Directiva 2002/96/CE de la UE sobre residuos de aparatos eléctricos y electrónicos (RAEE), este
producto eléctrico no puede desecharse con el resto de residuos no clasificados. Deshágase de este producto
devolviéndolo al punto de venta o a un punto de recogida municipal para su reciclaje.
I henhold til EU-direktiv 2002/96/EF om affald af elektrisk og elektronisk udstyr (WEEE) må dette udstyr ikke bortskaffes
som usorteret husholdningsaffald. Bortskaf dette produkt ved at returnere det til salgsstedet eller til det lokale
indsamlingssted, så det kan genbruges.
I linje med EU-direktiv 2002/96/EG om avfall som utgörs av eller innehåller elektriska eller elektroniska produkter
(WEEE) får denna elektriska produkt inte bortskaffas som osorterat kommunalt avfall. Bortskaffa den i stället genom att
lämna in den på försäljningsstället eller din lokala återvinningsstation.
EU:n sähkö- ja elektroniikkalaiteromudirektiivin (2002/96/EY) mukaisesti tätä elektroniikkalaitetta ei saa laittaa
lajittelemattoman yhdyskuntajätteen sekaan. Hävitä laite palauttamalla se ostopaikkaan tai viemällä se
elektroniikkaromun keräyspisteeseen.
De acordo com a Directiva Europeia 2002/96/EC sobre resíduos sólidos de equipamento eléctrico e electrónico (WEEE),
este produto eléctrico não pode ser deitado fora juntamente com o lixo municipal indiferenciado. Por favor, no final da
vida útil deste produto, devolva-o ao estabelecimento de aquisição, ou entregueo no local de recolha apropriado para
reciclagem designado pelo seu município.
V souladu se smrnicí EU. 2002/96/ES o odpadních elektrických a elektronických zaYízeních (OEEZ) se tento elektrický
výrobek nesmí likvidovat jako netYídný komunální odpad. PYi likvidaci tento výrobek vrat‘te prodejci nebo ho odevzdejte
k recyklaci do komunálního sbrného zaYízení.
Vastavalt EL direktiivile 2002/96/EÜ, mis käsitleb elektri- ja elektroonikaseadmete jäätmeid (WEEE), ei või antud toodet
visata majapidamisjäätmete hulka. Palun tagastage antud toode taaskasutamise eesmärgil müügipunkti või kohaliku
piirkonna jäätmekogumise punkti.
V súlade so smernicou 2002/96/ES o odpade z elekrických a elektronických zariadení (OEEZ) sa toto elektrické
zariadenie nesmie odstranovat‘ ako netriedený komunálny odpad. Výrobok odstránte jeho vrátením v mieste nákupu
alebo odovzdaním v miestnom zbernom zariadení na recyklovanie.
| WEEE Directive – Informativa RAEE
104
GUARANTEE
24 GUARANTEE
The product is covered by a one-year ex-works manufacturer’s guarantee. Do not open the device. The guarantee will
not be valid if the guarantee seals are broken. The manufacturer cannot be held liable for damages of any type deriving
from or relating to incorrect use of the product.
25 DECLARATION OF ROHS CONFORMITY
To minimize the environmental impact and take more responsibility to the earth we live, in accordance with European
Union Directive 2002/95/EC, known commonly as RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances),
We herewith declare,
Axel Technology srl
Via Caduti di Sabbiuno 6/F
40011 Anzola Emilia – Bologna - Italy
that the product listed below complies with the requirements of Directive2002/95/EC, Article 4, paragraph 1 with
reference to hazardous chemical substances:
Lead (Pb)
Hexavalent Chromium
(CrVl)
Mercury (Hg)
PBB (Flame Retardant)
PBDE (Flame Retardant)
Cadmium (Cd)
Product Description: FALCON 3I
Authorized Company Representative:
Title of Signatory:
Christian Sighinolfi –
Technical Manager
Date:
04 January 2013
| GUARANTEE
105
FINAL NOTES AND AXEL TECHNOLOGY CONTACT DETAILS
26 FINAL NOTES AND AXEL TECHNOLOGY CONTACT DETAILS
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Main Office BOLOGNA: Via Caduti Di Sabbiuno 6/F
40011 Anzola Emilia - Bologna - Italy
Tel. +39 051 736555 - Fax. +39 051 736170
For Technical information or support
support@axeltechnology.com
For General information and Sales dept
Sales@axeltechnology.com
www.axeltechnology.com
| FINAL NOTES AND AXEL TECHNOLOGY CONTACT DETAILS
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FINAL NOTES AND AXEL TECHNOLOGY CONTACT DETAILS
| FINAL NOTES AND AXEL TECHNOLOGY CONTACT DETAILS
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