Victron energy | Quattro 12/5000/200 | User manual | Victron energy Quattro 12/5000/200 User manual

USER MANUAL
INSTALLATION MANUAL
Quattro 12/5000/200
Quattro 24/5000/120
Quattro 48/5000/70
Remark:
DIP switch functionality has changed with respect to the MultiPlus product. Parallel and 3-phase
systems can be now configured with DIP switches.
1. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
In general
Please read the documentation supplied with this product first, so that you are familiar with the safety signs en directions before using
the product.
This product is designed and tested in accordance with international standards. The equipment should be used for the designated
application only.
WARNING: DANGER OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK
The product is used in combination with a permanent energy source (battery). Even if the equipment is switched off, a dangerous
electrical voltage can occur at the input and/or output terminals. Always switch the AC power off and disconnect the battery before
performing maintenance.
The product contains no internal user-serviceable parts. Do not remove the front panel and do not put the product into operation
unless all panels are fitted. All maintenance should be performed by qualified personnel.
Never use the product at sites where gas or dust explosions could occur. Refer to the specifications provided by the manufacturer of
the battery to ensure that the battery is suitable for use with this product. The battery manufacturer's safety instructions should always
be observed.
WARNING: do not lift heavy objects unassisted.
Installation
Read the installation instructions before commencing installation activities.
This product is a safety class I device (supplied with an ground terminal for safety purposes). Its AC input and/or output terminals
must be provided with uninterruptable grounding for safety purposes. An additional grounding point is located on the
outside of the product. If it can be assumed that the grounding protection is damaged, the product should be taken out of operation
and prevented from accidentally being put into operation again; contact qualified maintenance personnel.
Ensure that the connection cables are provided with fuses and circuit breakers. Never replace a protective device by a component of a
different type. Refer to the manual for the correct part.
Check before switching the device on whether the available voltage source conforms to the configuration settings of the product as
described in the manual.
Ensure that the equipment is used under the correct operating conditions. Never operate it in a wet or dusty environment.
Ensure that there is always sufficient free space around the product for ventilation, and that ventilation openings are not blocked.
Install the product in a heatproof environment. Ensure therefore that there are no chemicals, plastic parts, curtains or other textiles,
etc. in the immediate vicinity of the equipment.
Transport and storage
On storage or transport of the product, ensure that the mains supply and battery leads are disconnected.
No liability can be accepted for damage in transit if the equipment is not transported in its original packaging.
Store the product in a dry environment; the storage temperature should range from –20°C to 60°C.
Refer to the battery manufacturer's manual for information on transport, storage, charging, recharging and disposal of the battery.
1
2. DESCRIPTION
2.1 In general
The basis of the Quattro is an extremely powerful sine inverter, battery charger and automatic switch in a compact casing.
The Quattro features the following additional, often unique characteristics:
Two AC inputs; integrated switch-over system between shore voltage and generating set
The Quattro features two AC inputs (AC-in-1 and AC-in-2) for connecting two independent voltage sources. For example, two
generating sets, or a mains supply and a generating set. The Quattro automatically selects the input where voltage is present.
If voltage is present on both inputs, the Quattro selects the AC-in-1 input, to which normally the generating set is connected.
Two AC outputs
Besides the usual uninterruptable output, a second output is available that disconnects its load in the event of battery operation.
Example: an electrical boiler that is allowed to operate only if the generating set is running or shore voltage is available.
Automatic and uninterruptable switching
In the event of a supply failure or when the generating set is switched off, the Quattro will switch over to inverter operation and take
over the supply of the connected devices. This is done so quickly that operation of computers and other electronic devices is not
disturbed (Uninterruptible Power Supply or UPS functionality). This makes the Quattro highly suitable as an emergency power system
in industrial and telecommunication applications. The maximum alternating current that can be switched is 30A.
PowerControl – maximum use of limited shore current
The Quattro can supply a huge charging current. This implies heavy loading of the shore connection or generating set. For both AC
inputs, therefore, a maximum current can be set. The Quattro then takes other power users into account, and only uses 'surplus'
current for charging purposes.
─
Input AC-in-1, to which usually a generating set is connected, can be set to a fixed maximum with DIP switches, with VE.Net or
with a PC, so that the generating set is never overloaded.
─
Input AC-in-2 can also be set to a fixed maximum. In mobile applications (ships, vehicles), however, a variable setting by means
of a Phoenix Multi Control Panel will usually be selected. In this way the maximum current can be adapted to the available shore
current in an extremely simple manner.
PowerAssist – Extended use of your generating set and shore current: the Quattro “co-supply” feature
The Quattro operates in parallel with the generating set or the shore connection. A current shortfall is automatically compensated: the
Quattro draws extra power from the battery and helps along. A current surplus is used to recharge the battery.
This unique feature offers a definitive solution for the ‘shore current problem’: dish washers, washing machines, electric
cooking etc. can all run on 16A shore current, or even less. In addition, a smaller generating set can be installed.
Solar energy
The Quattro is extremely suitable for solar energy applications. It can be used for building autonomous systems as well as mainscoupled systems. (The Quattro is unable to return current to the mains, but can operate in conjunction with a mains-coupled solar
converter to enable both autonomous operation as well as returning energy to the mains).
Emergency power or autonomous operation on mains failure
Houses or buildings provided with solar panels or a combined micro-scale heating and power plant (a power-generating central
heating boiler) or other sustainable energy sources have a potential autonomous energy supply which can be used for powering
essential equipment (central heating pumps, refrigerators, deep freeze units, Internet connections, etc.) during a power failure. A
problem in this regard, however, is that mains-coupled solar panels and/or micro-scale heating and power plants drop out as soon as
the mains supply fails. With a Quattro and batteries, this problem can be solved in a simple manner: the Quattro can replace the
mains supply during a power failure. When the sustainable energy sources produce more power than necessary, the Quattro will
use the surplus to charge the batteries; in the event of a shortfall, the Quattro will supply additional power from its battery energy
resources.
Multi-functional relay
The Quattro is equipped with a multi-functional relay, that by default is programmed as an alarm relay. The relay can be programmed
for all kinds of other applications however, for example as a starter relay for a generating set.
Programmable with DIP switches, VE.Net panel or personal computer
The Quattro is supplied ready for use. Three features are available for changing certain settings if desired:
─
The most important settings (including parallel operation of up to three devices and 3-phase operation) can be changed in a very
simple manner, using Quattro DIP switches.
─
All settings can be changed with a VE.Net panel or a PC.
2
2.2 Battery charger
Adaptive 4-stage charging characteristics: bulk – absorption – float – storage
The microprocessor-driven adaptive battery management system can be adjusted for various types of batteries. The adaptive function
automatically adapts the charging process to battery use.
Correct charging quantity: adapted absorption time
In the event of slight battery discharge, absorption is kept short to prevent overcharging and excessive gas formation. After deep
discharging, the absorption time is automatically extended in order to charge the battery fully.
Limiting ageing by excessive gas formation: limited voltage rise
If a high charging current as well as an increased charging voltage is used to shorten charging time, the Quattro will limit the voltage
slew rate after the gas pressure has been reached. In this way, excessive gas formation in the final stage of the charging cycle is
prevented.
Less maintenance and ageing when the battery is not used: the storage feature
The Quattro switches over to ‘storage’ if no discharge has occurred after more than 24 hours. The voltage is then lowered to 2.2 V/cell
(13.2 V for a 12 V battery). Gas formation in the battery will then be drastically reduced, and corrosion of the positive plates is limited
as much as possible. Once a week, the voltage is increased to absorption level to recharge the battery; this prevents stratification of
the electrolyte and sulphate formation.
Two DC outputs for charging two batteries
The Quattro has two DC outputs, one of which can supply the full output current. The second output, intended for charging a starter
battery, is limited to 4A and has a slightly lower output voltage.
Increasing the lifecycle of the accumulator battery: temperature compensation
Each Quattro is supplied with a temperature sensor. The temperature sensor serves to reduce charging voltage when battery
temperature rises. This is particularly important for maintenance-free batteries, which could otherwise dry out by overcharging.
More on batteries and charging
Our book ‘Elektriciteit aan boord’ [Electricity on board] offers further information on batteries and battery charging, and is available free
of charge at Victron Energy (see www.victronenergy.com ). For more information on adaptive charging characteristics, please refer to
the ‘Tech Info’ page on our website.
3
3. Operation
3.1 “On / stand by / charger only” switch
When the switch is switched to “on”, full device operation is initiated.
The inverter will turn on, and the “inverter on” LED will light.
If voltage is applied to the AC-in-1 or AC-in-1 connection, these will be switched through to the AC-out-1 and AC-out-2 connections
after checking and approval. The inverter is switched off, the “mains on” LED will light and charger operation will be initiated.
Depending on the applicable charging mode at that time, the “bulk”, “absorption” or “float” LED will light.
If the voltage on both AC-in connections is rejected, the inverter will be switched on.
If the switch is set to “charger only”, the inverter will not turn on in the event of AC supply failure. Thus the batteries will not be
discharged by the inverter.
3.2 Remote control
Remote control is possible with a simple 3-way switch or with a Phoenix Multi Control panel.
The Phoenix Multi Control panel has a simple rotary knob with which the maximum current of the AC-in-2 input can be set: see
PowerControl and PowerAssist in Section 2.
3.3 Equalisation and forced absorption
3.3.1 Equalisation
Traction batteries require regular additional charging. In the equalisation mode, the Quattro will charge with increased voltage for one
hour (1V above the absorption voltage for a 12V battery, 2V for a 24V battery). The charging current is then limited to 1/4 of the set
value. The “bulk” and “absorption” LEDs flash intermittently.
Equalisation mode supplies a higher charging voltage than most DC consuming
devices can cope with. These devices must be disconnected before additional
charging takes place.
3.3.2 Forced absorption
Under certain circumstances, it can be desirable to charge the battery for a fixed time at absorption voltage level. In Forced Absorption
mode, the Phoenix Multi will charge at the normal absorption voltage level during the set maximum absorption time. The “absorption”
LED lights.
3.3.3 Activating equalisation or forced absorption
The Quattro can be put into both these states from the remote panel as well as with the front panel switch, provided that all switches
(front, remote and panel) are set to “on” and no switches are set to “charger only”.
In order to put the Quattro in this state, the procedure below should be followed.
NOTE: Switching from “on” to “charger only” and vice versa, as described below, must be done quickly. The switch must be turned
such that the intermediate position is 'skipped', as it were. If the switch concerned remains in the “off” position even for a short time,
the device may be turned off. In that case, the procedure must be restarted at step 1. A certain degree of familiarisation is required
when using the front switch in particular. When using the remote panel, this is less critical.
1.
2.
3.
•
•
Check whether all switches (i.e. front switch, remote switch or remote panel switch if present) are in the “on” position.
Activating equalisation or forced absorption is only meaningful if the normal charging cycle is completed (charger is in
'Float'). Set the switch to “charger only”, “on” and “charger only” in rapid succession. NOTE: the switching operation itself
must be done quickly, but the time between switching must lie between 1/2 second and 2 seconds.
The “bulk”, “absorption” and “float” LEDs will now flash five times. Subsequently, the “bulk”, “absorption” and “float” LEDs will
each light for 2 seconds.
If switch is set to “on” while the “bulk” LED lights, the charger will be put into equalisation operation.
If switch is set to “on” while the “absorption” LED lights, the charger will be put into forced absorption operation.
If the switch is not in the required position after following this procedure, it can be switched over quickly once. This will not change the charging
state.
4
3.4 LED indications and their meaning
LED off
LED flashes
LED lights
Inverter
charger
mains on
inverter
on
inverter on
overload
bulk
off
low battery
absorption
float
charger
only
charger
mains on
temperature
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
temperature
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
temperature
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
temperature
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
bulk
The inverter is switched off due to
low battery voltage.
low battery
charger
only
charger
mains on
The battery is almost empty.
low battery
charger
only
charger
mains on
The inverter is switched off due to
overload or short circuit.
low battery
charger
only
charger
mains on
The nominal power of the inverter is
exceeded. The “overload” LED
flashes.
low battery
charger
only
charger
mains on
The inverter is on, and supplies
power to the load.
temperature
inverter
on
inverter on
The internal temperature is reaching
a critical level.
overload
5
off
absorption
float
low battery
charger
only
charger
mains on
temperature
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
The inverter is switched off due to
excessively high internal
temperature.
low battery
charger
only
temperature
6
charger
mains on
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
low battery
charger
only
charger
mains on
temperature
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
– If the LEDs flash alternately, the
battery almost empty and nominal
power is exceeded.
– If “overload” and “low battery”
flash simultaneously, there is an
excessively high ripple voltage at
the battery connection.
The inverter is switched off due to
an excessively high ripple voltage
on the battery connection.
low battery
charger
only
temperature
Battery charger
charger
mains on
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
low battery
charger
only
charger
mains on
temperature
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
low battery
charger
only
charger
mains on
on
temperature
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
low battery
charger
only
charger
mains on
The AC voltage on AC-in-1 or
AC-in-2 is switched through, and
the charger operates in absorption
phase.
temperature
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
The AC voltage on AC-in-1 or
AC-in-2 is switched through and the
charger operates, but the set
absorption voltage has not yet been
reached (battery protection mode)
inverter
bulk
float
The AC voltage on AC-in-1 or
AC-in-2 is switched through, and
the charger operates in bulk phase.
low battery
charger
only
The AC voltage on AC-in-1 or
AC-in-2 is switched through, and
the charger operates in float or
storage phase.
temperature
7
charger
mains on
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
low battery
charger
only
The AC voltage on AC-in-1 or
AC-in-2 is switched through, and
the charger operates in equalisation
mode.
temperature
8
Special indications
Set with limited input current
charger
mains on
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
low battery
charger
only
The AC voltage on AC1-in-1 or
AC-in-2 is switched through. The
AC-input current is equal to the
load current. The charger is downcontrolled to 0A.
temperature
Set to supply additional current
charger
mains on
inverter
on
bulk
inverter on
overload
off
absorption
float
charger
only
low battery
The AC voltage on AC-in-1 or
AC-in-2 is switched through, but the
load demands more current than
the mains can supply. The inverter
is now switched on to supply
additional current.
temperature
9
4. Installation
This product may only be installed by a qualified electrical engineer.
4.1 Contents of the box
The Quattro box contains the following:
•
Quattro inverter/battery charger
•
User manual
•
Installation manual
•
Suspension bracket
•
Temperature sensor
•
Warning sticker for battery charging
•
Four fixing screws
4.2 Location
The Quattro should be installed in a dry, well-ventilated location, as close as possible to the batteries. The device should be
surrounded by a free space of at least 10 cm for cooling purposes.
An excessively high environmental temperature has the following
consequences:
•
shorter lifecycle
•
lower charging current
•
lower peak power or full inverter shut-off.
Never place the device directly above the batteries.
The Quattro is suitable for wall mounting. For mounting purposes, a hook and two holes are provided at the back of the casing (see
appendix G). The device can be fitted either horizontally or vertically. For optimal cooling, vertical fitting is preferred.
The inner part of the device should remain well accessible after installation.
The distance between the Quattro and the battery should be as short as possible to reduce voltage loss across the battery leads to a
minimum.
Install the product in a heatproof environment.
Ensure therefore that there are no chemicals, plastic parts, curtains or other
textiles, etc. in the direct vicinity.
The Quattro has no internal DC fuse. The DC fuse should be installed outside the
Quattro.
4.3 Requirements
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A crosshead (Phillips) screwdriver (PH 2) for removing the front panel.
Spirit level for horizontal mounting of the support bracket for the unit.
A flat-headed screwdriver No. 4 (1x4) for connecting the AC cables.
A flat-headed screwdriver No. 1 (0.6x3.0) for connecting the options.
An isolated box wrench (13 mm) for tightening the cable attachments to the negative and positive battery terminals.
Four battery leads, including battery terminals and cable eyelets. (Considering the large power rating, two positive and two
negative cables can be connected to the Quattro.)
Three-core cable for the AC connections.
10
4.4 Connecting the battery leads
In order to use the full potential of the Quattro, batteries of sufficient capacity and battery leads with the correct cross-section should be
used.
See table:
Recommended battery capacity
(Ah)
Recommended DC fuse
Recommended cross-section
(mm2) per + and - connection
terminal
0 – 5 m*
5 -10 m*
12/5000/200
24/5000/120
48/5000/70
800–2400
400–1400
200–800
750A
400A
200A
2x 90 mm2
2x 50 mm2
2x 90 mm2
1x 70 mm2
2x 70 mm2
* ‘2x’ means two positive and two negative cables.
Procedure
To connect the battery leads, follow the procedure below:
To prevent short circuiting of the battery, an isolated box wrench should be
used.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Remove the DC fuse.
Loosen the four lower front panel screws at the front of the unit, and remove the lower front panel.
Connect the battery leads: + (red) to the right-hand terminal and - (black) to the left-hand terminal (see appendix A).
Tighten the connections after mounting the fastening parts.
Tighten the nuts well for minimal contact resistance.
Replace the DC fuse only after completing the whole installation procedure.
4.5 Connecting AC cables
The Quattro is a safety class I product (supplied with an ground terminal for
safety purposes). Its AC input and/or output terminals and/or grounding
point on the outside of the product must be provided with an
uninterruptable grounding point for safety purposes. See the following
instructions in this regard.
The Quattro is provided with a ground relay (see appendix) that automatically
connects the N output to the casing if no external AC supply is available. If
an external AC supply is provided, the ground relay will open before the input
safety relay closes (relay H in appendix B). This ensures the correct operation of
an earth leakage circuit breaker that is connected to the output.
─
In a fixed installation, an uninterruptable grounding can be secured by
means of the grounding wire of the AC input. Otherwise the casing must
be grounded.
─
In a mobile installation (for example, with a shore current plug), interrupting
the shore connection will simultaneously disconnect the grounding
connection. In that case, the casing must be connected to the chassis (of
the vehicle) or to the hull or grounding plate (of the boat).
─
In general, the connection described above to shore connection grounding
is not recommended for boats because of galvanic corrosion. The solution
to this is using an isolating transformer.
AC-in-1 (see appendix A)
If AC voltage is present on these terminals, the Quattro will use this connection. Generally a generator will be connected to AC-in-1.
AC-in-1 is internally protected by a 30A thermal circuit breaker.
AC-in-2 (see appendix A)
If AC voltage is present on these terminals, the Quattro will use this connection, unless voltage is also present on
AC-in-1. The Quattro will then automatically select AC-in-1. Generally the mains supply or shore voltage will be connected to
AC-in-2. AC-in-2 is internally protected by a 30A thermal circuit breaker.
11
AC-out-1 (see appendix A)
The load is connected to these terminals. If AC voltage is available on AC-in-1 or AC-in-2, AC-out-1 will be connected through with ACin-1 (priority input) or AC-in-2. If no AC voltage is available, AC-out-1 will be supplied by the inverter. An earth leakage circuit breaker
and an automatic fuse for a maximum of 63A must be included in series with AC-out-1. (Maximum of 30A input current plus a
maximum of 30A for additional inverter current). The cable cross-section used must therefore also be suitable for currents up to
63A, unless the input current is limited to a lower value.
AC-out-2 (see appendix A)
On these terminals, equipment is connected that may only operate if AC voltage is available on AC-in-1 or AC-in-2, e.g. an
electric boiler.
AC-out-2 is internally protected with a 10A fuse (F3, see appendix A). An earth leakage circuit breaker must be included in series with
AC-out-2, and possibly an automatic fuse for a maximum of 10A.
If several Quattro units are connected in parallel, as well as the AC-out-2 outputs, then the maximum current that can be delivered: Iout10A + (( number of units - 1) x 6A). Assuming three units connected in parallel, for example, then Iout-max = 22A.
max =
Procedure
Use three-core cable. The connection terminals are clearly encoded:
PE: earth
N: neutral conductor
L: phase/live conductor
4.6 Connection options
4.6.1 Starter battery (connection terminal G, see appendix A)
The Quattro has a connection for charging a starter battery. Output current is limited to 4A.
4.6.2 Voltage sense (connection terminal E, see appendix A)
For compensating possible cable losses during charging, two sense wires can be connected with which the voltage direct on the
battery or on the positive and negative distribution points can be measured. Use at least wire with a cross-section of 0,75mm2.
During battery charging, the Quattro will compensate the voltage drop over the DC cables to a maximum of 1 Volt (i.e. 1V over the
positive connection and 1V over the negative connection). If the voltage drop threatens to become larger than 1V, the charging current
is limited in such a way that the voltage drop remains limited to 1V.
4.6.3 Temperature sensor (connection terminal H, see appendix A)
For temperature-compensated charging, the temperature sensor (supplied with the Quattro) can be connected. The sensor is isolated
and must be fitted to the negative terminal of the battery.
4.6.4 Remote control
The Quattro can be remotely controlled in two ways:
•
With an external switch (connection terminal L, see appendix A). Operates only if the switch on the Quattro is set to “on”.
•
With a remote control panel (connected to one of the two RJ48 sockets B, see appendix A). Operates only if the switch on the
Quattro is set to “on”.
Using the remote control panel, only the current limit for AC-in-2 can be set (in regard to PowerControl and PowerAssist).
The current limit for AC-in-1 can be set with DIP switches or by means of software.
Only one remote control means can be connected, i.e. either a switch or a remote control panel.
4.6.5 External relay
The maximum current that can be switched through from one of the AC inputs to the AC outputs is 30A.
If more than 30 amps is required to be switched through, a second Quattro can be connected in parallel or an external relay must be
used. Please refer to your supplier for further details.
12
4.6.6 Connecting Quattros in parallel (see appendix C)
The Quattro can be connected in parallel with several identical devices. To this end, a connection is established between the devices
by means of standard RJ45 UTP cables. The system (one or more Quattro’s plus optional control panel) will require subsequent
configuration (see Section 5).
In the event of connecting Quattro units in parallel, the following requirements must be met:
•
A maximum of six units connected in parallel.
•
Only identical devices with the same power ratings may be connected in parallel.
•
Battery capacity should be sufficient.
•
The DC connection cables to the devices must be of equal length and cross-section.
•
If a positive and a negative DC distribution point is used, the cross-section of the connection between the batteries and the DC
distribution point must at least equal the sum of the required cross-sections of the connections between the distribution point and
the Quattro units.
•
Place the Quattro units close to each other, but allow at least 10 cm for ventilation purposes under, above and beside the units.
•
UTP cables must be connected directly from one unit to the other (and to the remote panel). Connection/splitter boxes are not
permitted.
•
A battery-temperature sensor need only be connected to one unit in the system. If the temperature of several batteries is to be
measured, you can also connect the sensors of other Quattro units in the system (with a maximum of one sensor per Quattro).
Temperature compensation during battery charging responds to the sensor indicating the highest temperature.
•
Voltage sensing must be connected to the master (see Section 5.5.1.4).
•
If more than three units are connected in parallel in one system, a dongle is required (see Section 5).
•
Only one remote control means (panel or switch) can be connected to the system.
4.6.7 Three-phase configuration (see appendix C)
Quattro’s can also be used in 3-phase confuguration. To this end, a connection between the devices is made by means of standard
RJ45 UTP cables (the same as for parallel operation). The system (Quattro’s plus an optional control panel) will require subsequently
configuration (see Section 5).
Pre-requisites: see Section 4.6.6.
13
5. Configuration
•
•
•
Settings may only be changed by a qualified electrical engineer.
Read the instructions thoroughly before implementing changes.
During setting of the charger, the DC fuse in the battery connections must
be removed.
5.1 Standard settings: ready for use
On delivery, the Quattro is set to standard factory values. In general, these settings are selected for single-unit operation.
Settings, therefore, do not require changing in the event of stand-alone use.
Warning:
Possibly, the standard battery charging voltage is not suitable for your batteries! Refer to the manufacturer's
documentation, or to your battery supplier!
Standard Quattro factory settings
Inverter frequency
Input frequency range
Input voltage range
Inverter voltage
Stand-alone / parallel / 3-phase
AES (Automatic Economy Switch)
Ground relay
Charger on/ off
Charging characteristics
Charging current
Battery type
Automatic equalisation charging
Absorption voltage
Absorption time
Float voltage
Storage voltage
Repeated absorption time
Absorption repeat interval
Bulk protection
Generator (AC-in-1) / shore current (AC-in-2)
UPS feature
Dynamic current limiter
WeakAC
BoostFactor
Multi-functional relay
VirtualSwitch
PowerAssist
50 Hz
45 - 65 Hz
180 - 265 VAC
230 VAC
stand-alone
off
on
on
four-stage adaptive with BatterySafe mode
75% of the maximum charging current
Victron Gel Deep Discharge (also suitable for Victron AGM Deep Discharge)
off
14.4 / 28.8 / 57.6 V
up to 8 hours (depending on bulk time)
13.8 / 27.6 / 55.2 V
13.2V (not adjustable)
1 hour
7 days
on
30A/16A (current limit for PowerControl and PowerAssist functions)
on
off
off
2
alarm function
controls the multi-functional relay
on
5.2 Explanation of settings
Settings that are not self-explanatory are described briefly below. For further information, please refer to the help files in the software
configuration programs (see Section 5.3).
Inverter frequency
Output frequency if no AC is present at the input.
Adjustability: 50Hz; 60Hz
Input frequency range
Input frequency range accepted by the Quattro. The Quattro synchronises within this range with the voltage present on AC-in-1
(priority input) or AC-in-2. The output frequency is then equal to the input frequency.
Adjustability: 45 – 65 Hz; 45 – 55 Hz; 55 – 65 Hz
Input voltage range
Voltage range accepted by the Quattro. The Quattro synchronises within this range with the voltage present on AC-in-1 (priority input)
or on AC-in-2. The output voltage is then equal to the input voltage input.
Adjustability:
Lower limit: 180 - 230V
Upper limit: 230 - 270V
14
Inverter voltage
Output voltage of the Quattro in battery operation.
Adjustability: 210 – 245V
Stand-alone / parallel operation / 2-3 phase setting
Using several devices, it is possible to:
•
increase total inverter power (several devices in parallel)
•
create a split-phase system (only for Quattro units with 120V output voltage)
•
create a 3-phase system.
To this end, the devices must be mutually connected with RJ45 UTP cables. Standard device settings, however, are such that each
device operates in stand-alone operation. Reconfiguration of the devices is therefore required.
AES (Automatic Economy Switch)
If this setting is turned ‘on’, the power consumption in no-load operation and with low loads is decreased by approx. 20%, by slightly
'narrowing' the sinusoidal voltage. Not adjustable with DIP switches. Only applicable in stand-alone configuration.
Ground relay (see appendix B)
With this relay (H), the neutral conductor of the AC output is grounded to the casing when the back feed safety relays in the AC-in-1
and the AC-in-2 inputs are open. This ensures the correct operation of earth leakage circuit breakers in the outputs.
If a non-grounded output is required during inverter operation, this function must be turned off. (See also Section 4.5)
Not adjustable with DIP switches.
Charging characteristics
The standard setting is ‘Four-stage adaptive with BatterySafe mode’. See Section 2 for a description.
This is the best charging characteristic. See the help files in the software configuration programs for other features.
‘Fixed’ mode can be selected with DIP switches.
Battery type
The standard setting is the most suitable for Victron Gel Deep Discharge, Gel Exide A200, and tubular plate stationary batteries
(OPzS). This setting can also be used for many other batteries: e.g. Victron AGM Deep Discharge and other AGM batteries, and many
types of flat-plate open batteries. Four charging voltages can be set with DIP switches.
Absorption time
This depends on the bulk time (adaptive charging characteristic), so that the battery is optimally charged. If the ‘fixed’ charging
characteristic is selected, the absorption time is fixed. For most batteries, a maximum absorption time of eight hours is suitable. If an
extra high absorption voltage is selected for rapid charging (only possible for open, flooded batteries!), four hours is preferable. With
DIP switches, a time of eight or four hours can be set. For the adaptive charging characteristic, this determines the maximum
absorption time.
Storage voltage, Repeated Absorption Time, Absorption Repeat Interval
See Section 2. Not adjustable with DIP switches.
Bulk Protection
When this setting is ‘on’, the bulk charging time is limited to 10 hours. A longer charging time could indicate a system error (e.g. a
battery cell short-circuit). Not adjustable with DIP switches.
Generator (AC-in-1) / Shore current (AC-in-2)
These are the standard current limit settings for which PowerControl and PowerAssist come into operation. See Section 2, the book
'Energy Unlimited', or the many descriptions of this unique feature on our website www.victronenergy.com .
UPS feature
If this setting is ‘on’ and AC on the input fails, the Quattro switches to inverter operation practically without interruption. The Quattro
can then be used as an Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) for sensitive equipment such as computers or communication systems.
The output voltage of some small generating sets is too unstable and distorted for using this setting – the Quattro would continually
switch to inverter operation. For this reason, the setting can be turned off. The Quattro will then respond less quickly to voltage
deviations on AC-in-1 or AC-in-2. The switchover time to inverter operation is consequently slightly longer, but most equipment
(computers, clocks or household equipment) is not adversely impacted.
Recommendation: Turn the UPS feature off if the Quattro fails to synchronise, or continually switches back to inverter operation.
15
Dynamic current limiter
Intended for generators, the AC voltage being generated by means of a static inverter (so-called ‘inverter’ generators). In these
generators, rotational speed is down-controlled if the load is low: this reduces noise, fuel consumption and pollution. A disadvantage is
that the output voltage will drop severely or even completely fail in the event of a sudden load increase. More load can only be
supplied after the engine is up to speed.
If this setting is ‘on’, the Quattro will start supplying extra power at a low generator output level and gradually allow the generator to
supply more, until the set current limit is reached. This allows the generator engine to get up to speed.
This setting is also often used for ‘classical’ generators that respond slowly to sudden load variation.
WeakAC
Strong distortion of the input voltage can result in the charger hardly operating or not operating at all. If WeakAC is set, the charger will
also accept a strongly distorted voltage, at the cost of greater distortion of the input current.
Recommendation: Turn WeakAC on if the charger is hardly charging or not charging at all (which is quite rare!). Also turn on the
dynamic current limiter simultaneously, and reduce the maximum charging current to prevent overloading the generator if necessary.
Not adjustable with DIP switches.
BoostFactor
Change this setting only after consulting with Victron Energy or with an engineer trained by Victron Energy!
Not adjustable with DIP switches.
Multi-functional relay
By default, the multi-functional relay is set as an alarm relay, i.e. the relay will de-energise in the event of an alarm or a pre-alarm
(inverter almost too hot, ripple on the input almost too high, battery voltage almost too low). Not adjustable with DIP switches.
VirtualSwitch
The VirtualSwitch is a software function in the Quattro microprocessor. The inputs of this function are parameters that can be selected
with VEConfigure (e.g. certain alarms or voltage levels). The output is binary (0 or 1). The output can connected to a binary
microprocessor output (e.g. the multi-functional relay, or the relay in one of the AC inputs).
If connected to the multi-functional relay, and with battery voltage and time as input values, for example, the VirtualSwitch can be
configured to supply a generator starting signal.
If connected to an AC input relay, and with battery voltage and time as input, for example, the connected mains supply can be
interrupted.
Application:
A house or an office connected to the public mains, fitted with solar panels with energy storage in batteries.
The batteries are used to prevent return delivery to the mains. During the day, redundant solar energy is stored in
batteries. This energy is used in the evenings and at night. An energy shortfall is compensated by the mains. The
Quattro converts the battery DC voltage to AC. The power is always less than or equal to the power consumption, so
that return delivery to the mains does not occur. In the event of mains failure, the Quattro isolates the premises from the
mains, which become autonomous (self-sufficient). In this way, a solar energy installation or a combined micro-scale
heating and power plant can be economically used in areas with an unreliable mains supply and/or financially
unfavourable energy-return conditions.
16
5.3 Configuration by computer
All settings can be changed by means of a computer or with a VE.Net panel (except for the multi-functional relay and the VirtualSwitch
when using VE.Net).
The most common settings (including parallel and 3-phase operation) can be changed by means of DIP switches (see Section 5.4).
For changing settings with the computer, the following is required:
VEConfigureII software. You can download the VEConfigureII software free of charge at www.victronenergy.com .
A RJ45 UTP cable and the MK2.2b RS485-to-RS232 interface. If your computer has no RS232 connection, but does have
USB, you will also need a RS232-to-USB interface cable. Both are available from Victron Energy.
5.3.1 VE.Bus Quick Configure Setup
VE.Bus Quick Configure Setup is a software program with which one Quattro unit or systems with a maximum of three Quattro units
(parallel or three phase operation) can be configured in a simple manner. VEConfigureII forms part of this program.
You can download the software free of charge at www.victronenergy.com .
For connection to your computer, a RJ45 UTP cable and the MK2.2b RS485-to-RS232 interface is required.
If your computer does not have a RS232 connection but is equipped with USB, you will also need a RS232-to-USB interface cable.
Both are available from Victron Energy.
5.3.2 VE.Bus System Configurator and dongle
For configuring advanced applications and/or systems with four or more Quattro units, VE.Bus System Configurator software must
be used. You can download the software at www.victronenergy.com . VEConfigureII forms part of this program.
You can configure the system without a dongle, and use it for 15 minutes (as a demonstration facility). For permanent use, a dongle –
available at additional charge – is required.
For connection to your computer, a RJ45 UTP cable and the MK2.2b RS485-to-RS232 interface is required.
If your computer does not have a RS232 connection but is equipped with USB, you will also need a RS232-to-USB interface cable.
Both are available from Victron Energy.
5.4 Implementing settings with a VE.Net panel
To this end, a VE.Net panel and the VE.Net to VE.Bus converter is required.
With VE.Net you can set all parameters, with the exception of the multi-functional relay and the VIrtualSwitch.
17
5.5 Configuration with DIP switches
A number of settings can be changed using DIP switches (see appendix A, position M).
This is done as follows:
Turn the Quattro on, preferably unloaded en without AC voltage on the inputs. The Quattro will then operate in inverter mode.
Step 1: Setting the DIP switches for:
- the required current limitation of the AC inputs.
- limitation of the charging current.
- selection of stand-alone, parallel or 3-phase operation.
To store the settings after the required values have been set: press the 'Up' button for 2 seconds (upper button to the right of the DIP
switches, see appendix A, position K). You can now re-use the DIP switches to apply the remaining settings (step 2).
Step 2: other settings
To store the settings after the required values have been set: press the 'Down' button for 2 seconds (lower button to the right of the
DIP switches). You can now leave the DIP switches in the selected positions, so that the ’other settings’ can always be recovered.
Remarks:
- The DIP switch functions are described in 'top to bottom' order. Since the uppermost DIP switch has the highest number (8),
descriptions start with the switch numbered 8.
- In parallel mode or 3-phase mode, not all devices require all settings to be made (see section 5.5.1.4).
For parallel or 3-phase mode, read the whole setting procedure and make a note of the required DIP switch settings before actually
implementing them.
5.5.1 Step 1
5.5.1.2 Current limitation AC inputs (default: AC-in-1: 30A, AC-in-2: 16A)
If the current demand (Quattro load + battery charger) threatens to exceed the set current, the Quattro will first reduce its charging
current (PowerControl), and subsequently supply additional power from the battery (PowerAssist), if needed.
The AC-in-1 current limit (the generator) can be set to eight different values by means of DIP switches.
The AC-in-2 current limit can be set to two different values by means of DIP switches. With a Phoenix Multi Control Panel, a variable
current limit can be set for the AC-in-2 input.
Remark: Using a Duo Control Panel is pointless if the internal transfer switch of the Quattro is used, because only the AC-in-2 input
current can be set with the panel.
Procedure
AC-in-1 can be set using DIP switches ds8, ds7 and ds6 (default setting: 30A).
Procedure: set the DIP switches to the required value:
ds8 ds7 ds6
off off off = 6A (1.4kVA at 230V)
off off on = 10A (2.2kVA at 230V)
off on off = 12A (2.8kVA at 230V)
off on on = 16A (3.7kVA at 230V)
on off off = 20A (4.6kVA at 230V)
on off on = 23A (5.3kVA at 230V)
on on off = 26A (6.0kVA at 230V)
on on on = 30A (6.9kVA at 230V)
Remark:
Manufacturer-specified continuous power ratings for small generators are sometimes inclined to be rather
optimistic. In that case, the current limit should be set to a much lower value than would otherwise be required
on the basis of manufacturer-specified data.
AC-in-2 can be set in two steps using DIP switch ds5 (default setting: 16A).
Procedure: set ds5 to the required value:
ds5
off = 16A
on = 30A
18
5.5.1.3 Charging current limitation (default setting 75%)
For maximum battery life, a charging current of 10% to 20% of the capacity in Ah should be applied.
Example: optimal charging current of a 24V/500Ah battery bank: 50A to 100A.
The temperature sensor supplied automatically adjusts the charging voltage to the battery temperature.
If faster charging – and a subsequent higher current – is required:
- the temperature sensor supplied should be fitted to the battery, since fast charging can lead to a considerable temperature rise of the
battery bank. The charging voltage is adapted to the higher temperature (i.e. lowered) by means of the temperature sensor.
- the bulk charging time will sometimes be so short that a fixed absorption time would be more satisfactory (‘fixed’ absorption time, see
ds5, step 2).
Procedure
The battery charging current can be set in four steps, using DIP switches ds4 and ds3 (default setting: 75%).
ds4 ds3
off off = 25%
off on = 50%
on off = 75%
on on = 100%
5.5.1.4 Stand-alone, parallel and 3-phase operation
Using DIP switches ds2 and ds1, three system configurations can be selected.
NOTE:
•
When configuring a parallel or 3-phase system, all related devices should be interconnected using RJ45 UTP cables (see
appendix C, D). All devices must be turned on. They will subsequently return an error code (see Section 7), since they have
been integrated into a system and still are configured as ‘stand-alone’. This error message can safely be ignored.
•
Storing settings (by pressing the ‘Up’ button (step 1) – and later on the ‘Down’ button (step 2) – for 2 seconds) should be
done on one device only. This device is the ‘master’ in a parallel system or the ‘leader’ (L1) in a 3-phase system.
In a parallel system, the step-1 settings of DIP switches ds2 to ds8 are not relevant for the other devices, i.e. the slaves,
which follow the master exactly (hence the master/slave relationship).
In a 3-phase system, a number of settings are required for the other devices, i.e. the followers (for phases L2 and L3).
(The followers, therefore, do not follow the leader for all settings, hence the leader/follower terminology).
•
A change in the setting ‘stand-alone / parallel / 3-phase’ is only activated after the setting has been stored (by pressing the
‘UP’ button for 2 seconds) and after all devices have been turned off and then on again. In order to start up a VE.Bus
system correctly, all devices should therefore be turned off after the settings have been stored, They can then be turned on
in any order. The system will not start until all devices have been turned on.
•
Note that only identical devices can be integrated in one system. Any attempt to use different models in one system will fail.
Such devices may possibly function correctly again only after individual reconfiguration for ‘stand-alone’ operation.
•
The combination ds2=on and ds1=on is not used.
19
DIP switches ds2 and ds1 are reserved for the selection of stand-alone, parallel or 3-phase operation
Step 1: Setting ds2 and ds1 for stand-alone operation
DS-8 AC-in-1
Set as desired
DS-7 AC-in-1
Set as desired
DS-6 AC-in-1
Set as desired
DS-5 AC-in-2
Set as desired
DS-4 Charging current Set as desired
DS-3 Charging current Set as desired
DS-2 Stand-alone operation
DS-1 Stand-alone operation
off
off
Examples of DIP switch settings for stand-alone mode are given below.
Example 1 shows the factory setting (since factory settings are entered by computer, all DIP switches of a new product are set to ‘off’).
Important: When a panel is connected, the AC-in-2 current limit is determined by the panel and not by the value stored in the Quattro.
Four examples of stand-alone settings:
DS-8 AC-in-1
DS-7 AC-in-1
DS-6 AC-in-1
DS-5 AC-in-2
DS-4 Charging current
DS-3 Charging current
DS-2 Stand-alone mode
DS-1 Stand-alone mode
Step1, stand-alone
Example 1 (factory setting):
8, 7, 6 AC-in-1: 30A
5 AC-in-2: 16A
4, 3 Charging current: 75%
2, 1 Stand-alone mode
on
on
on
off
on
off
off
off
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
on
on
on
off
on
on
off
off
Step1, stand-alone
Example 2:
8, 7, 6 AC-in-1: 30A
5 AC-in-2: 16A
4, 3 Charging current: 100%
2, 1 Stand-alone mode
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
on
on
off
on
on
off
off
Step1, stand-alone
Example 3:
8, 7, 6 AC-in-1: 16A
5 AC-in-2: 16A
4, 3 Charging current: 100%
2, 1 Stand-alone mode
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
on
on
off
on
off
on
off
off
Step1, stand-alone
Example 4:
8, 7, 6 AC-in-1: 26A
5 AC-in-2: 30A
4, 3 Charging current: 50%
2, 1 Stand-alone mode
To store the settings after the required values have been set: press the 'Up' button for 2 seconds (upper button to the right of the DIP
switches, see appendix A, position K). The overload and low-battery LEDs will flash to indicate acceptance of the settings.
We recommend making a note of the settings, and filing this information in a safe place.
You can now re-use the DIP switches to apply the remaining settings (step 2).
20
Step 1: Setting ds2 and ds1 for parallel operation
Master
DS-8 AC-in-1
Set as desired
DS-7 AC-in-1
Set as desired
DS-6 AC-in-1
Set as desired
DS-5 AC-in-2
Set as desired
DS-4 Charging current Set as desired
DS-3 Charging current Set as desired
DS-2 Master
DS-1 Master
Slave 1
off
on
DS-8 Not relevant
DS-7 Not relevant
DS-6 Not relevant
DS-5 Not relevant
DS-4 Not relevant
DS-3 Not relevant
DS-2 Slave 1
DS-1 Slave 1
Slave 2 (optional)
off
off
DS-8 Not relevant
DS-7 Not relevant
DS-6 Not relevant
DS-5 Not relevant
DS-4 Not relevant
DS-3 Not relevant
DS-2 Slave 2
DS-1 Slave 2
off
on
The current settings (AC current limitation and charging current) are multiplied by the number of devices. However, the AC current
limitation setting when using a remote panel will always correspond to the value indicated on the panel and should not be multiplied by
the number of devices.
Example: 15kVA parallel system
If an AC-in-1 current limitation of 20A is set on the master and the system consists of three devices, then the effective
system current limitation for AC-in-1 is equal to 3 x 20 = 60A (setting for generator power 60 x 230 = 13.8kVA).
If a 30A panel is connected to the master, the system current limitation for AC-in-2 is adjustable to a maximum of 30A,
regardless of the number of devices.
If the charging current on the master is set to 100% (120A for a Quattro 24/5000/120) and the system consists of three
devices, then the effective system charging current is equal to 3 x 120 = 360A.
The settings according to this example (15kVA parallel system) are as follows:
Master
DS-8 AC-in-1 (3 x 20 = 60A)
DS-7 AC-in-1 (3 x 20 = 60A)
DS-6 AC-in-1 (3 x 20 = 60A)
DS-5 AC-in-2 Not relevant (30A panel)
DS-4 Charging current (3 x 120 = 360A)
DS-3 Charging current (3 x 120 = 360A)
DS-2 Master
DS-1 Master
Slave 1
on
off
off
on
on
off
on
DS-8 Not relevant
DS-7 Not relevant
DS-6 Not relevant
DS-5 Not relevant
DS-4 Not relevant
DS-3 Not relevant
DS-2 Slave 1
DS-1 Slave 1
Slave 2
off
off
DS-8 Not relevant
DS-7 Not relevant
DS-6 Not relevant
DS-5 Not relevant
DS-4 Not relevant
DS-3 Not relevant
DS-2 Slave 2
DS-1 Slave 2
off
on
To store the settings after the required values have been set: press the 'Up' button of the master for 2 seconds (upper button to the
right of the DIP switches, see appendix A, position K). The overload and low-battery LEDs will flash to indicate acceptance of the
settings.
We recommend making a note of the settings, and filing this information in a safe place.
You can now re-use the DIP switches to apply the remaining settings (step 2).
21
Step 1: Setting ds2 and ds1 for 3-phase operation
Leader (L1)
DS-8 AC-in-1
Set as desired
DS-7 AC-in-1
Set as desired
DS-6 AC-in-1
Set as desired
DS-5 AC-in-2
Set as desired
DS-4 Charging current Set as desired
DS-3 Charging current Set as desired
DS-2 Leader
DS-1 Leader
Follower (L2)
DS-8 Set as desired
DS-7 Set as desired
DS-6 Set as desired
DS-5 Set as desired
DS-4 Not relevant
DS-3 Not relevant
DS-2 Slave 1
DS-1 Slave 1
on
off
Follower (L3)
DS-8 Set as desired
DS-7 Set as desired
DS-6 Set as desired
DS-5 Set as desired
DS-4 Not relevant
DS-3 Not relevant
DS-2 Slave 2
DS-1 Slave 2
off
off
off
on
As the table above shows, the current limits for each phase should be set separately (ds8 thru ds5). Thus, for AC-in1 as well as AC-in2, different current limits per phase can be selected.
If a panel is connected, the AC-in-2 current limit will equal the value set on the panel for all phases.
The maximum charging current is the same for all devices, and should be set on the leader (ds4 and ds3).
Example:
AC-in-1 current limitation on the leader and the followers: 16A (setting for generator power 16 x 230 x 3 = 11kVA).
AC-in-2 current limitation with 16A panel.
If the charging current on the leader is set to 100% (120A for a Quattro 24/5000/120) and the system consists of three
devices, then the effective system charging current is equal to 3 x 120 = 360A.
The settings according to this example (15kVA 3-phase system) are as follows:
Leader (L1)
DS-8 AC-in-1
(16A)
DS-7 AC-in-1
(16A)
DS-6 AC-in-1
(16A)
DS-5 AC-in-2 Not relevant (16A panel)
DS-4 Charging current (3 x 120 = 360A)
DS-3 Charging current (3 x 120 = 360A)
DS-2 Leader
DS-1 Leader
Follower (L2)
off
on
on
on
on
on
off
DS-8 AC-in-1 (16A)
DS-7 AC-in-1 (16A)
DS-6 AC-in-1 (16A)
DS-5 Not relevant
DS-4 Not relevant
DS-3 Not relevant
DS-2 Slave 1
DS-1 Slave 1
Follower (L3)
off
on
on
off
off
DS-8 AC-in-1 (16A)
DS-7 AC-in-1 (16A)
DS-6 AC-in-1 (16A)
DS-5 Not relevant
DS-4 Not relevant
DS-3 Not relevant
DS-2 Slave 2
DS-1 Slave 2
off
on
on
off
on
To store the settings after the required values have been set: press the 'Up' button of the leader for 2 seconds (upper button to the
right of the DIP switches, see appendix A, position K). The overload and low-battery LEDs will flash to indicate acceptance of the
settings.
We recommend making a note of the settings, and filing this information in a safe place.
You can now re-use the DIP switches to apply the remaining settings (step 2).
22
5.5.2 Step 2: Other settings
The remaining settings are not relevant for slaves.
Some of the remaining settings are not relevant for followers (L2, L3). These settings are imposed on the whole system by the leader
L1. If a setting is irrelevant for L2, L3 devices, this is mentioned explicitly.
ds8-ds7: Setting charging voltages (not relevant for L2, L3)
ds8-ds7
Absorption voltage
Float voltage
Storage voltage
Suitable for
Gel Victron Long Life (OPzV)
Gel Exide A600 (OPzV), Gel MK battery
off
off
14.1 / 28.2 / 56.4
13.8 / 27.6 / 55.2
13.2 / 26.4 / 52.8
off
on
14.4 / 28.8 / 57.6
13.8 / 27.6 / 55.2
13.2 / 26.4 / 52.8
on
off
14.7 / 29.4 / 58.8
13.8 / 27.6 / 55.2
13.2 / 26.4 / 52.8
on
on
15.0 / 30.0 / 60.0
13.8 / 27.6 / 55.2
13.2 / 26.4 / 52.8
Gel Victron Deep Discharge, Gel Exide A200
AGM Victron Deep Discharge
Stationary tubular plate batteries (OPzS)
AGM Victron Deep Discharge
Tubular plate traction batteries in semi-float mode
AGM spiral cell
Tubular plate traction batteries in cyclic mode
ds6: absorption time 8 or 4 hours (not relevant for L2, L3)
on = 8 hours
off = 4 hours
ds5: adaptive charging characteristic (not relevant for L2, L3)
on = active
off = inactive (fixed absorption time)
ds4: dynamic current limiter
on = active
off = inactive
ds3: UPS function
on = active
off = inactive
ds2: converter voltage
on = 230V / 120V
off = 240V / 115V
ds1: converter frequency (not relevant for L2, L3)
(the wide input frequency range (45-55Hz) is 'on' by default)
on = 50Hz
off = 60Hz
Step 2: Exemplary settings for stand-alone mode
Example 1 is the factory setting (since factory settings are entered by computer, all DIP switches of a new product are set to ‘off’).
DS-8 Charging voltage
DS-7 Charging voltage
DS-6 Absorption time
DS-5 Adaptive charging
DS-4 Dyn. current limit
DS-3 UPS function:
DS-2 Voltage
DS-1 Frequency
off
on
on
on
off
on
on
on
Step 2
Example 1 (factory setting):
8, 7 GEL 14,4V
6 Absorption time: 8 hours
5 Adaptive charging: on
4 Dynamic current limit: off
3 UPS function: on
2 Voltage: 230V
1 Frequency: 50Hz
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
on
on
off
off
on
on
Step 2
Example 2:
8, 7 OPzV 14,1V
6 Absorption time: 8
hours
5 Adaptive charging: on
4 Dynamic current limit:
off
3 UPS function: off
2 Voltage: 230V
1 Frequency: 50Hz
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
on
off
on
on
on
off
off
on
Step 2
Example 3:
8, 7 AGM 14,7V
6 Absorption time: 8 hours
5 Adaptive charging: on
4 Dynamic current limit: on
3 UPS function: off
2 Voltage: 240V
1 Frequency: 50Hz
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
on
on
off
off
off
on
off
off
Step 2
Example 4:
8, 7 Tube-plate 15V
6 Absorption time: 4 hours
5 Fixed absorption time
4 Dynamic current limit: off
3 UPS function: on
2 Voltage: 240V
1 Frequency: 60Hz
To store the settings after the required values have been set: press the 'Down' button for 2 seconds (lower button to the right of the
DIP switches). The temperature and low-battery LEDs will flash to indicate acceptance of the settings.
You can then leave the DIP switches in the selected positions, so that the ’other settings’ can always be recovered.
23
Step 2: Exemplary setting for parallel mode
In this example, the master is configured according to factory settings.
The slaves do not require setting!
Master
DS-8 Charging voltage(GEL 14,4V)
DS-7 Charging voltage(GEL 14,4V)
DS-6 Absorption time (8 hours)
DS-5 Adaptive charging (on)
DS-4 Dyn. current limit (off)
DS-3 UPS function (on)
DS-2 Voltage (230V)
DS-1 Frequency (50Hz)
Slave 1
off
Slave 2
DS-8 Not relevant
DS-7 Not relevant
DS-6 Not relevant
DS-5 Not relevant
DS-4 Not relevant
DS-3 Not relevant
DS-2 Not relevant
DS-1 Not relevant
on
on
on
off
on
on
on
DS-8 Not relevant
DS-7 Not relevant
DS-6 Not relevant
DS-5 Not relevant
DS-4 Not relevant
DS-3 Not relevant
DS-2 Not relevant
DS-1 Not relevant
To store the settings after the required values have been set: press the 'Down' button of the master for 2 seconds (lower button to the
right of the DIP switches). The temperature and low-battery LEDs will flash to indicate acceptance of the settings.
You can then leave the DIP switches in the selected positions, so that the ’other settings’ can always be recovered.
To start the system: first, turn all devices off. The system will start up as soon as all devices have been turned on.
Step 2: Exemplary setting for 3-phase mode
In this example the leader is configured according to factory settings.
Leader (L1)
DS-8 Charging voltage (GEL 14,4V)
DS-7 Charging voltage (GEL 14,4V)
DS-6 Absorption time (8 hours)
DS-5 Adaptive charging (on)
DS-4 Dyn. current limit (off)
DS-3 UPS function: (on)
DS-2 Voltage (230V)
DS-1 Frequency (50Hz)
off
on
on
on
off
on
on
on
Follower (L2)
Follower (L3)
DS-8 Not relevant
DS-7 Not relevant
DS-6 Not relevant
DS-5 Not relevant
DS-4 Dyn. curr. limit (off)
DS-3 UPS function: (on)
DS-2 Voltage (230V)
DS-1 Not relevant
DS-8 Not relevant
DS-7 Not relevant
DS-6 Not relevant
DS-5 Not relevant
DS-4 Dyn. curr. limit (off)
DS-3 UPS function: (on)
DS-2 Voltage (230V)
DS-1 Not relevant
off
on
on
off
on
on
To store the settings after the required values have been set: press the 'Down' button of the leader for 2 seconds (lower button to the
right of the DIP switches). The temperature and low-battery LEDs will flash to indicate acceptance of the settings.
You can then leave the DIP switches in the selected positions, so that the ’other settings’ can always be recovered.
To start the system: first, turn all devices off. The system will start up as soon as all devices have been turned on.
6 Maintenance
The Quattro does not require specific maintenance. It will suffice to check all connections once a year. Avoid moisture and
oil/soot/vapours, and keep the device clean.
24
7 Error indications
With the procedures below, most errors can be quickly identified. If an error cannot be resolved, please refer to your Victron Energy
supplier.
7.1 General error indications
Problem
Cause
Solution
No output voltage on
AC-out-2.
Multi will not switch over to
generator or mains operation.
Remove overload or short circuit on AC-out-2 and
replace fuse F3 (16A).
Remove overload or short circuit on AC-out-1 or ACout-2, and press TCB for recovery (see appendix A,
position N and O)
Ensure that the battery voltage is within the correct
range.
Charge the battery or check the battery connections.
Charge the battery or check the battery connections.
“Temperature” LED flashes or
lights.
“Low battery” and “overload”
LEDs flash intermittently.
Quattro in inverter mode
Defective fuse F3 (see appendix A).
Thermal circuit breaker (TCB) in the
AC-in-1 or AC-in-2 input is open as a
result of overload.
The battery voltage is excessively high or
too low. No voltage on DC connection.
The battery voltage is low.
The converter switches off because the
battery voltage is too low.
The converter load is higher than the
nominal load.
The converter is switched off due to
excessively high load.
The environmental temperature is high, or
the load is too high.
Low battery voltage and excessively high
load.
“Low battery” and “overload”
LEDs flash simultaneously.
Ripple voltage on the DC connection
exceeds 1,5Vrms.
“Low battery” and “overload”
LEDs light.
The inverter is switched off due to an
excessively high ripple voltage on the
input.
Inverter operation not initiated
when switched on.
“Low battery” LED flashes.
“Low battery” LED lights.
“Overload” LED flashes.
“Overload” LED lights.
One alarm LED lights and the
second flashes.
The charger does not operate.
The battery is not completely
charged.
The inverter is switched off due to alarm
activation by the lighted LED. The flashing
LED indicates that the inverter was about
to switch off due to the related alarm.
The AC input voltage or frequency is not
within the range set.
Reduce the load.
Reduce the load.
Install the converter in cool and well-ventilated
environment, or reduce the load.
Charge the batteries, disconnect or reduce the load,
or install higher capacity batteries. Fit shorter and/or
thicker battery cables.
Check the battery cables and battery connections.
Check whether battery capacity is sufficiently high,
and increase this if necessary.
Install batteries with a larger capacity. Fit shorter
and/or thicker battery cables, and reset the inverter
(switch off, and then on again).
Check this table for appropriate measures in regard
to this alarm state.
Ensure that the AC input is between 185 VAC and 265
VAC, and that the frequency is within the range set
(default setting 45-65Hz).
Thermal circuit breaker (TCB) in the
AC-in-1 or AC-in-2 input is open.
The battery fuse has blown.
Press TCB for recovery (see appendix A, position N
and O).
Replace the battery fuse.
The distortion or the AC input voltage is too
large (generally generator supply).
Charging current excessively high, causing
premature absorption phase.
Poor battery connection.
Turn the settings WeakAC and dynamic current limiter
on.
Set the charging current to a level between 0.1 and 0.2
times the battery capacity.
Check the battery connections.
The absorption voltage has been set to an
incorrect level (too low).
Set the absorption voltage to the correct level.
The float voltage has been set to an
incorrect level (too low).
The available charging time is too short to
fully charge the battery.
The absorption time is too short. For
adaptive charging this can be caused by an
extremely high charging current with respect
to battery capacity, so that bulk time is
insufficient.
Set the float voltage to the correct level.
Select a longer charging time or higher charging
current.
Reduce the charging current or select the ‘fixed’
charging characteristics.
25
The battery is overcharged.
The charging current drops to
0 as soon as the absorption
phase initiates.
The absorption voltage is set to an
incorrect level (too high).
The float voltage is set to an incorrect level
(too high).
Poor battery condition.
Set the absorption voltage to the correct level.
The battery temperature is too high (due to
poor ventilation, excessively high
environmental temperature, or excessively
high charging current).
The battery is over-heated (>50°C)
Improve ventilation, install batteries in a cooler
environment, reduce the charging current, and
connect the temperature sensor.
Defective battery temperature sensor
Set the float voltage to the correct level.
Replace the battery.
Install the battery in a cooler environment
Reduce the charging current
Check whether one of the battery cells has an
internal short circuit
Disconnect the temperature sensor plug in the
Quattro. If charging functions correctly after
approximately 1 minute, the temperature sensor
should be replaced.
─
─
─
7.2 Special LED indications
(for the normal LED indications, see section 3.4)
Bulk and absorption LEDs flash synchronously
(simultaneously).
Absorption and float LEDs flash synchronously
(simultaneously).
"Mains on" flashes and there is no output voltage.
Voltage sense error. The voltage measured at the voltage sense connection
deviates too much (more than 7V) from the voltage on the positive and
negative connection of the device. There is probably a connection error.
The device will remain in normal operation.
NOTE: If the "inverter on" LED flashes in phase opposition, this is a VE.Bus
error code (see further on).
The battery temperature as measured has an extremely unlikely value. The
sensor is probably defective or has been incorrectly connected. The device
will remain in normal operation.
NOTE: If the "inverter on" LED flashes in phase opposition, this a VE.Bus
error code (see further on).
The device is in "charger only" operation and mains supply is present. The
device rejects the mains supply or is still synchronising.
7.3 VE.Bus LED indications
Equipment included in a VE.Bus system (a parallel or 3-phase arrangement) can provide so-called VE.Bus LED indications. These
LED indications can be subdivided into two groups: OK codes and error codes.
7.3.1 VE.Bus OK codes
If the internal status of a device is in order but the device cannot yet be started because one or more other devices in the system
indicate an error status, the devices that are in order will indicate an OK code. This facilitates error tracing in a VE.Bus system, since
devices not requiring attention are easily identified as such.
Important: OK codes will only be displayed if a device is not in inverter or charging operation!
For a Multi/Quattro:
•
A flashing "bulk" LED indicates that the device can perform inverter operation.
•
A flashing "float" LED indicates that the device can perform charging operation.
For an inverter:
•
The "inverter on" LED must flash.
•
A flashing "overload" LED indicates that the device can perform inverter operation.
•
A flashing "temperature" LED indicates that the device is not blocking charging operation.
NOTE: In principle, all other LEDs must be off. If this is not the case, the code is not an OK code.
However, the following exceptions apply:
•
•
The special LED indications above can occur together with the OK codes.
The "low battery" LED can function together with the OK code that indicates that the device can charge.
26
7.3.2 VE.Bus error codes
A VE.Bus system can display various error codes. These codes are displayed with the "inverter on", "bulk", "absorption" and "float"
LEDs.
To interpret a VE.Bus error code correctly, the following procedure should be followed:
3.
4.
5.
Is the "inverter on" LED flashing? If not, then there is no VE.Bus error code.
If one or more of the LEDs "bulk", "absorption" or "float" flashes, then this flash must be in phase opposition to the "inverter
on" LED, i.e. the flashing LEDs are off if the "inverter on" LED is on, and vice versa. If this is not the case, then there is no
VE.Bus error code.
Check the "bulk" LED, and determine which of the three tables below should be used.
Select the correct column and row (depending on the "absorption" and "float" LEDs), and determine the error code.
Determine the meaning of the code in the table below.
Bulk LED off
Bulk LED flashes
Code
1
3
off
0
3
6
flashing
1
4
7
on
2
5
8
Absorption LED
off
flashing
on
Float LED
Float LED
Absorption LED
off
flashing
on
off
9
12
15
flashing
10
13
16
on
11
14
17
Meaning:
Device is switched off because one of the other phases
in the system has switched off.
Not all, or more than, the expected devices were found
in the system.
4
5
10
No other device whatsoever detected.
Overvoltage on AC-out.
System time synchronisation problem occurred.
14
16
18
22
Device cannot transmit data.
System is switched off because it is a so-called
extended system and a ‘dongle’ is not connected.
One of the devices has assumed ‘master’ status
because the original master failed.
Overvoltage has occurred.
This device cannot function as ‘slave’.
24
Switch-over system protection initiated.
25
Firmware incompatibility. The firmware of one the
connected devices is not sufficiently up to date to
operate in conjunction with this device.
26
Internal error.
17
Bulk LED on
Absorption LED
off
flashing
on
Float LED
1.
2.
off
18
21
24
flashing
19
22
25
on
20
23
26
Cause/solution:
Check the failing phase.
The system is not properly configured. Reconfigure the system.
Communication cable error. Check the cables and switch all
equipment off, and then on again.
Check the communication cables.
Check the AC cables.
Should not occur in correctly installed equipment. Check the
communication cables.
Check the communication cables (there may be a short circuit).
Connect dongle.
Check the failing unit. Check the communication cables.
Check AC cables.
This device is an obsolete and unsuitable model. It should be
replaced.
Should not occur in correctly installed equipment. Switch all
equipment off, and then on again. If the problem recurs, check the
installation.
1) Switch all equipment off.
2) Switch the device returning this error message on.
3) Switch on all other devices one by one until the error message
reoccurs.
4) Update the firmware in the last device that was switched on.
Should not occur. Switch all equipment off, and then on again.
Contact Victron Energy if the problem persists.
27
8. Technical specifications
12/5000/200
24/5000/120
48/5000/70
PowerControl / PowerAssist
Yes
Yes
Yes
Integrated Transfer switch
Yes
Yes
Quattro
AC inputs (2x)
Maximum feed through current (A)
Input voltage range: 187-265 VAC
Yes
Input frequency: 45 – 55 Hz
30
Power factor: 1
30
30
INVERTER
Input voltage range (V DC)
9,5 – 17
Output (1)
19 – 33
Output voltage: 230 VAC ± 2%
38 – 66
Frequency: 50 Hz ± 0,1%
Cont. output power at 25 °C (VA) (3)
5000
5000
5000
Cont. output power at 25 °C (W)
4000
4250
4250
Cont. output power at 40 °C (W)
3000
3350
3350
Peak power (W)
7000
7500
7800
Maximum efficiency (%)
92
94
95
Zero-load power (W)
25
30
30
Load shedding output
Maximum load: 10A
Switches off when no external AC source available
CHARGER
Charge voltage 'absorption' (V DC)
14,4
28,8
57,6
Charge voltage 'float' (V DC)
13,8
27,6
55,2
Storage mode (V DC)
13,2
26,4
52,8
Charge current house battery (A) (4)
200
120
70
Charge current starter battery (A)
4
Battery temperature sensor
ja
GENERAL
Multi purpose relay (5)
Yes
Protection (2)
Common Characteristics
Yes
Yes
a-g
Operating temp.: -20 to +50°C (fan assisted cooling) Humidity (non condensing) : max 95%
ENCLOSURE
Common Characteristics
Material & Colour: aluminium (blue RAL 5012)
Battery-connection
230 V AC-connection
Weight (kg)
Dimensions (hxwxd in mm)
Protection category: IP 21
Four M8 bolts (2 plus and 2 minus connctions)
Screw clamp 13mm² (AWG 6)
30
444 x 328 x 240
STANDARDS
Safety
EN 60335-1, EN 60335-2-29
Emission / Immunity
EN55014-1, EN 61000-3-2 / EN 55014-2, EN 61000-3-3
Automotive Directive
2004/104/EC
1) Can be adjusted to 60 Hz; 120 V 60 Hz on request
2) Protection
a. Output short circuit
b. Overload
c. Battery voltage too high
d. Battery voltage too low
f. 230VAC on inverter output
g. Input voltage ripple too high
h. Temperature too high
3) Non linear load, crest factor 3:1
4) At 25 °C ambient
5) Multipurpose relay which can be set for general
alarm, DC undervoltage or genset start signal function
28
APPENDIX A: Connection overview
29
APPENDIX A: Connection overview
English:
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
AC input (generator input) AC-in-1. Left to right: L (phase), N (neutral), PE (ground).
2x RJ45 connector for remote panel and/or parallel and 3-phase operation.
AC output AC-out-1.
Left to right: L (phase), N (neutral), PE (ground).
AC output AC-out-2.
Left to right: L (phase), N (neutral). Maximum current 16A. Protected by fuse F3.
Terminals for (left to right): Voltage sense positive +, Voltage sense minus Double M8 battery minus connection.
Starter battery positive. (starter battery minus: use battery minus cable for connection).
Terminals for (left to right): temperature sensor positive, temperature sensor minus.
Double M8 battery positive connection.
AC input (shore/grid supply) AC-in-2. Left to right: L (phase), N (neutral), PE (ground).
Pushbuttons for set-up mode
Connector for remote switch:
Short left and middle terminal to switch “on”.
Short right and middle terminal to switch to “charger only”.
M DIP switches for set-up mode.
N 30A thermal circuit breaker in series with AC-in-1 (bottom cabinet left).
O 30A thermal circuit breaker in series with AC-in-2 (bottom cabinet right).
Dutch:
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
Wisselspanning ingang (generator) AC-in-1. Van links naar rechts: L (fase), N (nul), PE (aarde).
2x RJ45 connector voor afstandbedieningspaneel en/of parallel and 3-fase bedrijf.
Wisselspanning uitgang AC-out-1.
Van links naar rechts: L (fase), N (nul), PE (aarde).
Wisselspanning uitgang AC-out-2.
Van links naar rechts: L (fase), N (nul). Max. stroom 16A. Beveiligd met zekering F3.
Aansluitklemmen voor (van links naar rechts): voltage sense plus +, voltage sense minus.
Dubbele M8 accu min aansluiting.
Start accu plus aansluiting
Aansluitklemmen voor (van links naar rechts): temperatuur sensor plus, temperatuur sensor min.
Dubbele M8 accu plus aansluiting.
Wisselspanning ingang (walstroom/netspanning) AC-in-2. Van links naar rechts: L (fase), N (nul), PE (aarde).
Drukknoppen om de instellingen in het micropressor geheugen op te slaan.
Aansluitklemmen voor afstandbedieningsschakelaar.
Verbind de linker klem en de middelste klem om de Quattro aan te schakelen.
Verbind de rechter klem en de middelste klem voor ‘alleen laden’.
M Instel DIP switches.
N 30A thermische onderbreker in serie met AC-in-1 (onderkast kast, links).
O 30A thermische onderbreker in serie met AC-in-2 (onderkast kast, rechts).
30
APPENDIX B: Block diagram
31
APPENDIX C: Parallel connection
32
APPENDIX D: Three-phase connection
33
APPENDIX E: Charge characteristics
C h a rg e c u rre n t
120%
100%
80%
Am p s
60%
40%
20%
0%
T im e
V o l ts
C h a r g e v o lta g e
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
T im e
4-stage charging:
Bulk
Entered when charger is started. Constant current is applied until nominal battery voltage is reached, depending on
temperature and input voltage, after which constant power is applied up to the point where excessive gassing is starting
(14.4V resp. 28.8V, temperature-compensated).
Battery Safe
The applied voltage to the battery is raised gradually until the set Absorption voltage is reached. The Battery Safe Mode is
part of the calculated absorption time.
Absorption
The absorption period is dependent on the bulk period. The maximum absorption time is the set Maximum Absorption time.
Float
Float voltage is applied to keep the battery fully charged
Storage
After one day of float charge the output voltage is reduced to storage level. This is 13,2V resp. 26,4V (for 12V and 24V
charger). This will limit water loss to a minimum when the battery is stored for the winter season.
After an adjustable time (default = 7 days) the charger will enter Repeated Absorption mode for an adjustable time (default =
one hour) to ’refresh’ the battery.
34
APPENDIX F: Temperature compensation
15.0
14.5
14.0
13.5
13.0
Volts 12.5
12.0
11.5
11.0
10.5
10.0
30
29
28
27
26
25 Volts
24
23
22
21
20
0
5
10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Battery temperature
Default output voltages for Float and Absorption are at 25°C. Reduced Float voltage
follows Float voltage and Raised Absorption voltage follows Absorption voltage. In adjust
mode, temperature compensation does not apply.
35
APPENDIX G: Dimensions
36
Serial number:
Distributor:
Victron Energy B.V.
The Netherlands
Phone:+31 (0)36 535 97 00
Fax: +31 (0)36 535 97 40
E-mail:sales@victronenergy.com
Web site: http://www.victronenergy.com
Article number:
Version:
Date:
ISMQUATTRO5000_GB
01
20-09-2007
37
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