Schoeps | CMIT 5 U | Specifications | Schoeps CMIT 5 U Specifications

Schoeps CMIT 5 U Specifications
CMIT 5 U
Interference Tube “Shotgun” Microphone
Table of Contents
Features / accessories
Applications
Filters
Starting up
Phantom powering
Hints on avoiding interference
Troubleshooting
Care and maintenance
Technical specifications
Block diagram
Warranty
User Guide
14
page
15
17
18
19
20
21
22
24
25
26
27
English
Features /Accessories
Dear Customer:
Congratulations on the purchase of your
SCHOEPS CMIT 5 U shotgun microphone.
To get the most out of your microphone,
there are a few basic principles you should
consider. This guide covers these principles,
followed by some notes on wind and overload, as well as caring for your microphone.
Technical data is provided in the appendix.
Optional accessories:
For Mono:
WSR CMIT LU basket-type windscreen
(100 mm diameter; comprises: elastic suspension, pistol grip, cable and Connbox
WJ CMIT Windjammer for WSR CMIT LU
Connbox
Unique Features of the CMIT 5 U
The CMIT 5 U is a classic condenser microphone (pressure gradient microphone) with an
acoustic interference tube arranged in front of
it. In the midrange and high-frequency range,
this results in greater off-axis rejection than
with supercardioids, the most strongly directional “short” microphones. The result is a
lobe-shaped polar pattern.
The CMIT 5 U stands out for:
– its interference tube, which takes effect at a
relatively low frequency without the pickup
pattern becoming too narrow at high frequencies,
– its excellent sound quality (making it a great
all-purpose microphone, even for use as a
spot microphone at music recordings, for
example),
– its very light weight,
– its great immunity to wind noise,
– a directional pattern which remains the same
in both the vertical and horizontal plane,
– three pushbutton-activated filters,
– a balanced, low-impedance transformerless
output, which allows interference-free operation even with very long cables
– superior RF rejection
WSR CMIT U
WJ CMIT fur-like “overcoat” (“Windjammer”)
for WSR CMIT U
Available only at your Rycote dealer:
Included accessories:
W 140
SG 20
Rycote
12 cm “Softie”
Polished wood case
15
Rycote “Softie Lyre
Mount”; available as
of June 2009
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English
Accessories
For M/S stereo:
WSR MS CMIT LU basket-type windscreen
(100 mm diameter; comprises: elastic suspension, pistol grip, cable and Connbox),
KMSC double clip (see page 18),
WJ CMIT Windjammer (must be ordered separately)
Further a microphone with a figure-8 directional pattern is needed – the CCM 8Lg.
For Surround using the Double M/S recording technique:
WSR DMS CMIT LU basket-type windscreen
(150 mm diameter; comprises: elastic suspension with pistol grip and Connbox),
2 × KMSC double clip,
WJ DMS CMIT Windjammer (must be ordered
separately)
Further the following microphones are required:
1× CCM 4Lg ”cardioid”,
1× CCM 8Lg ”figure-8”.
WSR MS CMIT LU
basket-type windscreen
Connbox
WSR DMS CMIT LU
basket-type windscreen
Connbox
WSR MS CMIT U with WJ CMIT Windjammer
WSR DMS CMIT LU with WJ DMS/ORTF
Windjammer
16
SCHOEPS GmbH · Spitalstr. 20 · D-76227 Karlsruhe (Durlach) · Tel: +49 721 943 20-0 · Fax: +49 721 943 2050
www.schoeps.de · mailbox@schoeps.de
English
Applications
Applications
The CMIT 5 U is the ideal microphone for reporting, interviewing or dialogue for film and TV.
It is one of the very few shotgun microphones
in existence that can also be used as a spot
microphone for music recording, thanks to its
balanced frequency response and frequencyindependent polar pattern (with comparably
little difference between low and high frequencies).
Sound is picked up along its axis:
Always make sure all of the slits in the tube
(sound inlet openings) are free and uncovered
when using the microphone. This is especially
important when using M/S or double-M/S techniques requiring clips for mounting additional
microphones onto the CMIT 5 U. Covering
slits can alter the sound and directivity of the
microphone.
Here are some things which are worth knowing
about ”shotgun” microphones, including the
SCHOEPS CMIT 5 U:
1. For any given length of the interference
tube, a shotgun microphone's design can be
optimized for maximum directivity or for best
sound quality, but unfortunately not for both
at the same time. The SCHOEPS CMIT 5 U has
been optimized for best sound quality.
2.1 Room reflections and reverberance contribute enormously to the character of any
sound. With a shotgun microphone, the pickup angle at high frequencies will be narrower
than at lower frequencies; as a result, diffuse
room sound will be picked up with a distinct
high-frequency rolloff, which can make the
sound rather dull. This tendency will be emphasized further if a windscreen is used. The tendency toward dull sound can be counteracted
with a high-frequency boost, which can also
benefit speech intelligibility. The SCHOEPS
17
CMIT 5 U offers a built-in, switchable highfrequency boost of this kind.
2.2 The polar patterns of shotgun microphones often have multiple narrow lobes of
sensitivity. These can cause disturbing combfilter-like effects when the microphone (or a
sound source) is in motion, especially in indoor
recordings. Special care was taken to smooth
out these response lobes in the design of the
SCHOEPS CMIT 5 U.
2.3 Since any off-axis sound will be picked up
with reduced high-frequency content, a shotgun microphone must always ”track” (follow)
a moving actor or other sound source precisely
– particularly if the microphone is close to the
person being followed and / or its interference
tube is very long. Precise tracking is not always
easy, and even if it can be done perfectly, other
sound sources in the room (including noise
sources and other nearby voices) will still be
picked up from off-axis.
3. Since shotgun microphones are frequently
used outdoors and / or on booms, they should
have a low-cut filter available to suppress wind
and handling noise. The SCHOEPS CMIT 5 U
has a switchable low-cut filter of this type.
In addition, any directional microphone will
increase its pickup of low and lower-midrange
frequencies when it is positioned near a sound
source. To avoid false boominess, a shotgun
microphone should also have a filter to compensate for this ”proximity effect.” These two
requirements involve different frequency ranges
and different ideal filter slopes, however, so a
single low-cut filter is always a compromise at
best. The SCHOEPS CMIT 5 U has a switchable
low-cut filter with two different characteristics
available: a relatively sharp cutoff for suppressing room rumble or wind and handling noise,
or a more gradual slope that reaches somewhat higher in frequency to compensate for
the proximity effect.
4. For high frequency sound, shotgun microphones increase the distance at which a good
proportion of direct sound may be obtained.
SCHOEPS GmbH · Spitalstr. 20 · D-76227 Karlsruhe (Durlach) · Tel: +49 721 943 20-0 · Fax: +49 721 943 2050
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Filters
But using them still only makes most sense
when they are already close enough for direct
sound to predominate in the result. For outdoor recording this will not be an issue when
there is little or no reflected sound energy – but
indoors, even a shotgun microphone should
generally be kept fairly close to the intended
sound source.
produce very good results.
When mounting a figure-8 microphone or
capsule on a shotgun microphone, one should
be sure to place their diaphragms one directly
above the other, remembering of course that
the diaphragm of a shotgun microphone is at
the base of the interference tube, not at its tip.
5. The usefulness of shotgun microphones for
stereophonic recording is limited by the fact
that their polar patterns differ at low vs. high
frequencies. X/Y stereo recording with two
shotgun microphones cannot really be recommended, but M/S stereo recording with a
SCHOEPS CMIT 5 U with a small figure-8 condenser microphone or capsule (such as the
SCHOEPS CCM 8 or MK 8) mounted on it can
Filters
The CMIT 5 U has three switchable filters. Each
is activated or deactivated by pressing a button.
They can be used to suppress low frequencies
or to boost high frequencies.
+5 dB at 10 kHz
300 Hz, 6 dB/oct.
80 Hz, 18 dB/oct.
M/S arrangement with shotgun microphone
(shown here: CMIT 5 U with CCM 8 and KMSC
double clip.)
The membranes of the two microphones
must be aligned one above the other; the black
line indicates their location.
Make sure all of the slits in the tube (sound
inlet openings) are free and uncovered when
using the microphone. Covering slits can alter
the sound and directivity of the microphone.
* Reverberation radius (”critical distance”): A sound
source generates a certain level of direct sound energy
which diminishes strongly as a function of distance.
If the sound is occurring in a room, some amount of
diffuse sound energy will be built up by repeated
reflections from acoustic barriers (mainly walls).
The level of diffuse sound in any given part of the
room will depend less on the distance from the sound
source than is the case for the level of direct sound.
In the theoretically ideal case, the level of diffuse sound
would be the same everywhere in the room.
The distance at which the reflected sound reaches
an equal level to the direct sound is called the reverberation radius. (”Radius” is used because we assume
that sound from a point source will spread out in a
spherical manner.)
18
The two low-frequency filters start working
from 80 Hz and 300 Hz. However, even when
these are both switched off, there is another
low filter active below 40 Hz at a slope of
6 dB/oct. The steep low-cut filter below 80 Hz
(18 dB/oct.) suppresses wind and boom noise.
The filter below 300 Hz (6 dB/oct.) is a gentle
roll-off that compensates for proximity effects
(elevation of low frequencies by directional
microphones in near-field use). They also protect against disturbing, inaudible (infra-)sound
that can be caused by ventilation systems,
track vehicles and wind. What is tricky about
this is that although it is hardly noticeable,
infrasound can cause strong audible distortions
in the connected equipment when it leads to
an overload. This would make it impossible to
produce a useable record.
A high-frequency emphasis compensates
SCHOEPS GmbH · Spitalstr. 20 · D-76227 Karlsruhe (Durlach) · Tel: +49 721 943 20-0 · Fax: +49 721 943 2050
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English
Start up /Phantom Powering
for high-frequency loss caused by windscreens
and enhances speech intelligibility.
Pairs of LEDs next to each pushbutton indicate the status of the filters. Green means
“Filter is OFF”, which means constant frequency
response curve. Red means “Warning, filter is
ON”. The settings are retained when the
microphone is switched off.
The LEDs next to each pushbutton let the
operator know the filter settings and whether
the microphone is on, even in the dark.
Start-Up /Phantom Powering
The CMIT 5 U is a condenser microphone. It is
built as a combination of two main components: a capsule and a microphone amplifier.
The capsule is the component that converts
sound waves into a varying electrical voltage.
It determines the directionality and, for the most
part, the sound quality of the microphone.
The amplifier of the CMIT 5 U possesses an
electronic circuit needed to polarize (charge)
the capacitive capsule. This hardly influences
the signal, since it only amplifies it, making it
low-impedance so that it can be sent through
a cable. The output is electrically balanced, in
order to eliminate electromagnetic interference
in the cable. This prevents "AC hum“, for
example. Filters cut out high frequencies picked
up by the cable (e.g. from mobile phones).
The microphone amplifier of the CMIT 5 U
has a transformerless, class-AB output stage
without condensers. This is what allows the
low impedance, low distortion and small size.
Start-Up
The CMIT 5 U is an electrically active component which requires operating current. This will
most often be supplied by the inputs of a mixer,
preamplifier (such as the SCHOEPS VMS 5U)
or recorder with suitable microphone powering built in.
Like most modern, solid-state professional
microphones, the CCM also uses a standardized powering scheme known as “phantom
powering.” Most recording equipment offers
a 48-Volt supply for such microphones.
Our microphones are developed and tested
with power supplies that conform to the
requirements of this standard. Proper operation
with non-standard power supplies cannot be
guaranteed. Circuit arrangements that deviate
from the standard can cause operational problems (i.e. distortion or even gaps in the signal),
particularly at high sound pressure levels or in
the presence of strong wind noise. Such problems may often seem to defy analysis until
their real cause is discovered.
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* Tolerance: ±20%, however, the difference between the resistors of any one pair
should be less than 0.4% (i.e. 27 Ohms)
19
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Phantom Powering
Phantom Powering to Standard
DIN EN 61938
“Phantom” powering is the standard way to
power condenser microphones. It works using
a two-conductor, shielded cable. Both conductors are under the same voltage, and exactly
the same current flows through both of them.
Fig. 1 shows the only valid 48 V phantom
powering circuit (abbreviation: P48) that can
be built using resistors as opposed to a centertapped input transformer. This illustration is
based on the international standard document
EN 61938 from 1997.
The permissible tolerance of the feed resistor
values as such is ±20%. However, the difference between the resistors of any one pair
should be less than 0.4% (i.e. 27 Ohms). This
close matching is necessary to maintain adequate impedance balance for the sake of common mode rejection. It also avoids the flow of
DC in an input transformer should one be
present, which could lead to distortion or a
reduced dynamic range.
A microphone designed for 48 V phantom
powering may draw as much as 10 mA according to the standard; a SCHOEPS CMIT 5 U will
draw about 4 mA. This falls well within the limit
set by the prevailing standard.
Although there is nothing particularly complicated or demanding about phantom powering,
there are certain commercially available power
supplies, preamplifiers, and mixing desks –
mostly older, but some more recent – which
fail to meet this standard and hence may not
be able to power SCHOEPS microphones adequately. If in doubt, equipment should be
checked to verify its suitability for professional
work with SCHOEPS microphones. A quick and
easy way to check a phantom supply is
described on page 26.
Unbalanced Operation
You may encounter a situation in which there
is no balanced input with phantom power
available, but only an unbalanced input –
probably even unpowered. If the latter is the
case, a standalone P48 supply with balanced
in-/ouputs should be used before this input.
20
If the input has got phantom powering but
is unbalanced, the temptation may be
great, but we strongly advise against using
it on the CMIT 5 U, since this microphone
is not designed for such operation, and
the advantages of phantom powering
(noise and interference rejection) will be
completely lost. Instead, a high-quality
microphone input transformer should be used
to turn an unbalanced into a balanced input.
This will allow the signal leads from the microphone to be kept balanced, for best rejection
of interference.
If you have no choice but to go ahead
despite the disadvantages of an unbalanced
signal, then you can set up your system for
unbalanced operation by uncoupling the signal
on pin 2 using a capacitor (rating: 100 µF, 63 V
at R= 22 kΩ). There is no signal on pin 3.
Nevertheless, it must still be ensured that the
microphone is fed over all three pins. With the
CMIT 5 U, this operating method does not alter
the signal-to-noise ratio.
Simultaneous Connection to Multiple Inputs
If a microphone has to be connected to multiple inputs simultaneously, an active microphone
splitter should be used in order to preserve
the loading and powering conditions for the
microphone, and to prevent interference.
Maximum Cable Length
In the typical application of a shotgun microphone, namely on a boom, cables of just a
few meters are used. The CMIT 5 U can be
connected to cables up to 300 m in length.
The practical limit depends on the electrical
capacitance of the cable, which is sometimes
an unknown quantity. The lower this capacitance is per unit length, the longer the cable
can be. All SCHOEPS cables have very low capacitance (100 pF/m between the conductors).
The main risks with excessively long microphone cables are gradual losses at high frequencies due to the cable capacitance, some
reduction in ability to handle very high sound
pressure levels, and increased pickup of interference.
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www.schoeps.de · mailbox@schoeps.de
English
Hints on Avoiding Interference
Notes on Electromagnetic Compatibility
SCHOEPS CMC microphone amplifiers are virtually immune to magnetic, electric and electromagnetic fields.
Due to the wide dynamic range of studio
microphones, the smallest signal amplitudes
are in the microvolt range (1/1,000,000 Volt).
Cable shielding and the grounding scheme of
the preamp or mixer input are also crucial.
A microphone can therefore never be expected
to be immune to all possible disturbances in all
circumstances, but the following suggestions can
help to reduce any noise induction:
1) Keep both the microphone and the cable
away from sources of interference such as
monitors, digital equipment (computers),
RF emitters (mobile phones and other personal communication devices that emit radio
frequency energy), power transformers,
power lines, SCR dimmers, switching power
supplies etc.
2) Use only high-quality cables with a high
degree of shield coverage, e.g. SCHOEPS
K EMC 5 U.
3) Keep all cables as short as possible.
4) Dress audio cables away from power cables.
If they must cross, it should be at right angles.
5) At the preamp or mixer input, the shield of
the microphone cable should connect to the
chassis ground in the shortest way possible.
If necessary, this coupling can be capacitive.
21
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English
Troubleshooting
Wind Noise and Windscreens
Air motion (wind, vocal “popping” on sung
or spoken consonants, motion of the microphone on a boom arm, or air currents due to
heating or air conditioning systems) can cause
noise that should always be dealt with. Even if
it doesn't cause overload, it will detract from
the clarity of sound. A wind or pop screen
should be used, but should be chosen carefully
to avoid changing the microphone's characteristics too much. Many screen types that are
effective at reducing wind noise also have a
tendency to reduce a microphone's directionality and/or its high-frequency response. Baskettype windscreens mainly cause some unevenness in the frequency response, while foam
windscreens mainly tend to dampen high frequencies.
Windscreens for the CMIT 5 U:
Foam windscreen W 140
(included accessory)
Fure-type windscreen “Softie”, 12 cm dia.
Vibration
If noise from mechanical vibration is going to
reach a stand- or boom-mounted microphone,
a shock mount (elastic suspension) should be
used, and a loop of slack cable isolated and
tied off so that it does not become another way
for vibrations to reach the microphone. Unlike
a windscreen, a shock mount will not affect
the characteristics of a microphone. In many
kinds of work it is well justified to use a shock
mount ”by default”.
Overload
If transient or continual overload occurs, or
seems likely to occur, it is useful to think of the
complete set of equipment used for a recording or broadcast as a succession of ”stages”.
The signal should then be attenuated (its level
decreased) at the input to the first stage of
equipment that might be overloaded. Reducing
the gain at any earlier stage would add unnecessary noise, while reducing it at a later stage
would not solve the problem.
A condenser microphone itself represents at
least two stages – the capsule and the amplifier.
The only sound pressure that could overload a
SCHOEPS microphone capsule (150+ dB SPL)
would also damage human hearing almost
instantly; in practice our capsules are rarely
overloaded except by explosions or direct
22
Basket-type windscreen WSR CMIT U with
Connbox included;
below: WSR CMIT U with WJ CMIT
Windjammer (must be ordered separately)
Rycote “Softie Lyre Mount”
(40 cm long XLR-3 cable
included);
available as of June 2009
SCHOEPS GmbH · Spitalstr. 20 · D-76227 Karlsruhe (Durlach) · Tel: +49 721 943 20-0 · Fax: +49 721 943 2050
www.schoeps.de · mailbox@schoeps.de
English
Troubleshooting
exposure to very strong wind. As a rule such
overload will not damage the microphone;
even strong wind blowing directly against the
capsule membrane will not harm it unless the
forces involved are enormous. A properly
powered SCHOEPS CMIT 5 U shotgun microphone can normally handle 130+ dB sound
pressure levels. Such levels are hardly ever
reached by natural sound sources.
With a properly powered SCHOEPS microphone not exposed to wind, any overloads will
occur far more often in a mixer or preamp's
input circuit than in the microphone itself. This
is particularly true with equipment that was
designed primarily for use with dynamic or
consumer-type microphones. Thus if distortion
can be heard when the cause is obviously not
wind, then one of the first tests might be to
plug in a balanced ”pad” (resistive attenuator
such as the SCHOEPS MDZ 10 or MDZ 20) at
the console or preamp input to see whether
that solves the problem. This type of pad is
superior to built-in pad switches.
Unfortunately, even with fully professional
equipment, ”overload” indicators cannot
always be relied upon to indicate input overload – many such indicators are wired only to
later stages in the circuitry.
If a preamp or mixer has an input sensitivity
control, it should be set for a good compromise
between avoiding input overload on the one
hand (sensitivity too high) and avoiding noise
on the other (sensitivity too low). Ideally a
mixer or preamp should not add any noise of
its own to a microphone's signals, but a dB or
two of hiss is better than gross distortion
caused by clipping.
Low-frequency disturbances such as wind
or vibration may not be perceived directly
(subsonic noise), but can still cause overload
in some stage of the signal chain. Low-frequency noise can be effectively suppressed
using the Active in-line low-cut Filters LC 60
and LC 120. They can be placed between the
output of the microphone cable and the phantom-powered input of a mixer, preamp or
recorder, thus protecting that input from overload.
23
Any other overload for which there seems
to be no sensible explanation may actually be
a symptom of incorrect or inadequate microphone powering. Powering systems and their
requirements are discussed near the beginning of this User Guide on page 19.
The most appropriate and most helpful troubleshooting tools are:
– a well-known good microphone cable
– a simple pop screen such as the SCHOEPS
W 140 (or for outdoor recording, a wind
screen such as the SCHOEPS WSR CMIT U)
– a balanced, in-line resistive attenuator (”pad”)
such as the SCHOEPS MDZ 10 or MDZ 20
– an ordinary multimeter or the SCHOEPS
PHS 48 phantom power tester
LC 60 or LC 120
Active in-line lowcut Filter
MDZ 10 resistive
attanuator
PHS 48 phantom
power tester
SCHOEPS GmbH · Spitalstr. 20 · D-76227 Karlsruhe (Durlach) · Tel: +49 721 943 20-0 · Fax: +49 721 943 2050
www.schoeps.de · mailbox@schoeps.de
English
Care and Maintenance
Care and Maintenance
Please take care to avoid placing the microphone in a dusty environment. Keep it in its
case (e.g. the wood carrying case it comes with)
when not in use, since any dust that gets inside
the capsules can adversely affect its functioning. Dust can affect the microphone in the
following way: In combination with humidity
it can lead to condensation and thus popping
and crackling noises (often described as “frying sounds”).
What to do if …
the microphone is noisy (clicks and pops) in high
humidity?
If the microphone is brought in from the cold
outdoors to a warm (and humid) environment,
snapping or clicking noises can result from the
condensation of moisture. In this event the
microphone should be given between 30 and
60 minutes to warm up, and will then generally
perform flawlessly.
If this treatment does not eliminate the noise,
it is possible that dirt has gotten inside the
transducer (capsule) itself – in which case the
microphone must be sent back to the factory
for cleaning. We strongly advise customers
not to open a microphone or attempt to clean
it themselves. Doing so would also invalidate
all warranties.
Windscreens are recommended when microphones have to be used in dirty or dusty environments in order to avoid problems of the
kind described above.
24
SCHOEPS GmbH · Spitalstr. 20 · D-76227 Karlsruhe (Durlach) · Tel: +49 721 943 20-0 · Fax: +49 721 943 2050
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English
Technical Specifications
Technical Specifications:
Directional pattern: . . . . . . . . . . . .Supercardioid / lobe-shaped
Frequency range: . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 Hz – 20 kHz
Switchable filters: . . . . . . . . . . . . .80 Hz with 18 dB/oct.,
300 Hz with 6 dB/oct.,
5 dB lift at 10 kHz (shelving)
Sensitivity: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 mV/Pa
Equivalent noise level (filters off): . .14 dB-A*, 24 dB CCIR**
Maximum sound pressure level: . .132 dB SPL at 0.5% THD
Polarity: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .An excursion of the diaphragm towards the back electrode
(positive pressure phase) leads to a positive signal at pin 2.
Powering: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 V ± 4 V phantom
Current consumption: . . . . . . . . .4.4 mA
Maximum output voltage: . . . . . .1.3 V (at 1 kHz, 1 kOhms)
Output impedance: . . . . . . . . . . .50 Ohms
Recommended load impedance: . .600 Ohms or greater
Dimensions: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Length: 251 mm,
Diameter: 21 mm
Weight: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Only 89 g (3-1/8 ounces)
Surface finish: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Anodized
* According to IEC 61672-1
** According to IEC 60268-1
+10
0dB
-10
-20
20
50
100
200
500
1k
2k
5k
10k
20kHz
Frequency response (tolerances shown)
+10
5
0dB
From outer
to inner:
250 Hz
500 Hz
1 kHz
2 kHz
Polar diagram
-10
4 kHz
8 kHz
16 kHz
-20
20
1
1
2
3
4
50
100
200
500
1k
2k
5k
10k
20kHz
Frequency response curve:
1) Without filters
2) 80 Hz, 18 dB/oct.
3) 300 Hz, 6 dB/oct. 4) 80 Hz + 300 Hz 5) 10 kHz: +5 dB
+10
0dB
-10
30°
60°
90°
-20
20
50
100
200
500
1k
2k
5k
10k
20kHz
Frequency response curve without filters at 0°, 30°, 60°, 90°
angle of incidence
25
SCHOEPS GmbH · Spitalstr. 20 · D-76227 Karlsruhe (Durlach) · Tel: +49 721 943 20-0 · Fax: +49 721 943 2050
www.schoeps.de · mailbox@schoeps.de
26
pushbuttons
filter 1
RFI
filter
XLR-3
connector
2
screen
1
+phase
Rs [2]= 6.8 kΩ
Preamplifier,
recorder
or mixing
desk
Us= +48 V
∼
Phantompowering [3]
Rs [2]= 6.8 kΩ
[3]
(which is occasionally necessary) would cause the same current to be
drawn. To be safe, however, do not leave the short circuit closed for any
longer than necessary.
2) Measure the DC voltages on the modulation leads with a microphone connected, e.g. by opening the connector shell of the cable. The
two voltages (from pin 2 and pin 3 to pin 1) must be identical. They
should be about 33 Volts (minimum = 29 Volts).
3) For P48, use a SCHOEPS PHS 48 tester. Plug it in; if the LED glows and
stays lit, all is well.
Bottom view
(as the pins are seen)
-phase
3
XLR-3
connector
Microphonecable
stage
output
regulator
screen (GND)
+phase[1]
2
1
–phase
3
filter 3
Pin 1:
Pin 2:
Pin 3:
micro controller, LEDs
filter 2
[1] +Phase: an excursion of the diaphragm towards the back electrode
(positive pressure phase) leads to a positive signal at this pin
[2] Matched (i.e. matching tolerance of only 0.7%), see page 19
[3] Here are three simple methods for verifying correct phantom powering.
These measurements should be made at an unused input. Reduce the
channel gain to the minimum to protect the loudspeakers, etc. If microphones are connected to other inputs at the same time, no substantial
difference should occur in the results.
1. Measure the open-circuit voltage between ground (pin 1) and either
pin 2 or pin 3 of the XLR input. Given the permitted tolerances, this
voltage should be between 44 and 52 VDC for P48. Then, measure the
short-circuit current between ground (pin 1) and either pin 2 or pin 3 of
the XLR input. Given the permitted tolerances, this current should be
between 5.9 and 8.5 mA DC for P48.
Note: Well-designed phantom power supplies must tolerate at least a
temporary short circuit without damage; an unbalanced connection
impedance
converter
preamp
DC generator
English
Block Diagram of the CMIT 5 U
SCHOEPS GmbH · Spitalstr. 20 · D-76227 Karlsruhe (Durlach) · Tel: +49 721 943 20-0 · Fax: +49 721 943 2050
www.schoeps.de · mailbox@schoeps.de
English
Warranty, Declaration of Conformity
Warranty
Declaration of Conformity – CE-Mark
We guarantee our products for a period of
twenty-four months. The warranty period
begins on the date of purchase.
Please provide your bill of sale in all cases
as proof of warranty; without it, repairs will
be undertaken only at the owner’s expense.
We reserve the right to satisfy all warranty
requirements regarding defects of workmanship or materials by means of repair or partial
or complete replacement of the product, at
our sole discretion.
Excluded from this warranty are defects
due to misuse (e.g. incorrect operation;
mechanical damage), abuse or “acts of God”.
This warranty becomes void in the event of
tampering by unauthorized persons or agencies.
To secure your rights under this warranty,
send the product with proof of purchase and
a precise description of the malfunction, at your
expense, either to SCHOEPS (if you are a customer in Germany), or to our representative (if
you are a customer outside Germany).
Prior to sending your defective product for
repair, please contact your local dealer or distributor for instructions. In exceptional cases
you can, by prior arrangement with SCHOEPS,
send the product directly to us from a foreign
country.
This warranty does not affect any contractual agreements which may exist between the
buyer and seller of the equipment.
This warranty is world-wide.
The CE-mark guarantees that all products
conform to relevant standards approved by
the European Community. The products
described in this User Guide comply with current, relevant standards when used with
cables from SCHOEPS.
27
Relevant directives:
EMC Directive: 89/336/EEC, amended by
92/31/EEC and 93/68/EEC
Relevant standards:
EN 55 103-1, -2 and those referred to by
them.
SCHOEPS GmbH · Spitalstr. 20 · D-76227 Karlsruhe (Durlach) · Tel: +49 721 943 20-0 · Fax: +49 721 943 2050
www.schoeps.de · mailbox@schoeps.de
Änderungen und Irrtümer vorbehalten.
Not responsible for errors or omissions.
Subject to change without notice.
131202
SCHOEPS GmbH
Spitalstr. 20
D-76227 Karlsruhe (Durlach)
Germany
Tel: +49 (0)721 943 20-0
Fax: +49 (0)721 943 2050
Technik
www.schoeps.de
mailbox@schoeps.de
Schall
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