Crown Boiler | MWC116ENL | Specifications | Crown Boiler MWC116ENL Specifications

Crown Boiler MWC116ENL Specifications
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MWC Series
Mid Efficiency Gas-Fired Hot Water
Direct Vent Condensing Boilers
Installation Instructions
These instructions must be affixed on or adjacent to the boiler.
Models:
• MWC116ENT
• MWC116ELT
• MWC116ENL
• MWC116ELL
Warning: Improper installation, adjustment, alteration,
service or maintenance can cause property damage, injury,
or loss of life. For assistance or additional information, consult a qualified installer, service agency or the gas supplier.
This boiler requires a special venting system. Read these
instructions carefully before installing.
Manufacturer
Heating Products
D E S I G ofN Hydronic
E D
T O L E A D
P.O. Box 14818 3633 I. Street
Philadelphia, PA 19134
Tel: (215) 535-8900 • Fax: (215) 535-9736 • www.crownboiler.com
Table of Contents
I.
Product Description
2
II.
Specifications
4
III. Before Installing
5
IV. Locating The Boiler
5
V.
Mounting The Boiler
7
VI. Air For Ventilation
10
VII. Venting
12
A. Vent System Design
12
B. Removing An Existing Boiler From Common Chimney
19
C. Assembly of Crown 60/100 Concentric Venting
20
D. Assembly of Crown 80/125 Concentric Venting
24
E. Condensate Trap and Drain Line
33
VIII. Gas Piping
34
IX. System Piping
36
X.
Domestic Water Piping
43
XI. Wiring
46
XII. Start-up and Checkout
51
XIII. Operation
58
XIV. Service and Maintenance
62
XV. Troubleshooting
66
XVI. Parts
69
Appendix A Special Requirements For Side-Wall
84
Vented Appliances In The Commonwealth
of Massachusetts
1
I Product Description
The MWC Series are gas fired condensing boilers designed for use in forced hot water heating systems
requiring supply water temperatures of 176F or less and return water temperatures greater than 86F. The
primary heat exchanger is a copper water tube design. Additional heat is extracted from the flue gas in a
stainless steel secondary heat exchanger located down stream of the inducer. These boilers include a built in
circulator, expansion tank, and automatic air vent. In addition, “combi” models include a plate exchanger for
domestic hot water (DHW) generation. All MWC Series boilers are designed for installation on a wall and may
be vented vertically or horizontally with combustion air supplied from outdoors.
Key
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
*
*
*
*
*
*
Component
Primary Heat Exchanger
Secondary Heat Exchanger
Inducer
Burner
Electrodes and Flame Rod
Circulator
Automatic Air Vent
Condensate Trap
Control Box
Differential Boiler Water Pressure Switch
Ignition module/Gas Valve
Air Pressure Switch
Flue Gas Temperature Limit
Supply Temperature Limit
Expansion Tank
Plate Heat Exchanger (Combi Only)
3-Way Diverting Valve (Combi Only)
Supply Temperature Sensor
DHW Temperature Sensor (Combi Only)
DHW Flow Switch (Combi Only)
* Not visible
2
Figure 1.1: MWC Boiler Principle Components
3
II Specifications
Figure 2.1: General Configuration
Table 2.2: Ratings
MINIMUM INPUT (BTU/
hr)
MODEL*
MAX.
APPLICATION INPUT
(BTU/hr) HEATING
DHW Output (GPM)
DHW
D.O.E.
HEATING
CAPY.
(BTU/hr)
IBR NET
RATING
(BTU/hr)
AFUE
(%)
77F Rise 90F Rise
MWC116E*T
Combi
116,000
75,000
49,500
102,000
89,000
85.0
2.67
2.25
MWC116E*L
Heat Only
116,000
75,000
N/A
102,000
89,000
85.0
N/A
N/A
* Insert suffix “N” for natural gas and “L” for propane. Ratings are the same for both fuels (Example: MWC116ENT denotes Natural
Gas, Combi).
Table 2.3: Maximum Vent Lengths
Using 60/100mm Concentric Vent System Supplied with the Boiler ................................................................25 in.
Using Optional 60/100mm Concentric Vent Components ...............................................................................8ft -10in
Using Optional 80/125mm Concentric Vent Components ................................................................................27 ft
See Vent Section for additional venting options and requirements
Table 2.4: Other Specifications
Maximum Supply Temperature .............................................176 F
Minimum Continuos Return Temperature .............................86F
Maximum Allowable Working Pressure ................................30 psi
Minimum System Pressure (at boiler ...................................4.4 psi
Maximum Achievable Flow Through Boiler .........................5.5 GPM
Minimum Temperature Rise Across Boiler at High Fire ........37 F
Maximum Gas Inlet pressure ...............................................10.5” Nat / 13.0” LP
Minimum Gas Inlet Pressure ................................................5.3” Nat / 10.5” LP
Electrical Ratings ..................................................................120VAC/60Hz/1.8A
Thermostat Voltage ..............................................................120VAC
4
III Before Installing
1) Safe, reliable operation of this boiler depends upon installation by a professional heating contractor in
strict accordance with this manual and the authority having jurisdiction.
•
In the absence of an authority having jurisdiction, installation must be in accordance with this manual
and the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1. /NFPA 54 and/or CAN/CSA B 149.1
Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code.
•
Where required by the authority having jurisdiction, this installation must conform to the Standard for
Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers (ANSI/ASME CSD-1).
2) Read Section VII to verify that the maximum combustion air and exhaust pipe lengths will not be
exceeded in the planned installation. Also verify that the vent terminal can be located in accordance with
Section VII.
3) Make sure that the boiler is correctly sized:
a) For heating systems employing convection radiation (baseboard or radiators), use an industry
accepted sizing method such as the I=B=R Heat Loss Calculation Guide (Pub. #H21 or #H22)
published by the Hydronics Institute in Berkeley Heights, NJ.
b) In sizing the boiler take into consideration the following boiler water flow/temperature limitations:
• Maximum regulated supply temperature is 176F
• Maximum flow through the boiler is approximately 5.5GPM.
• Minimum boiler temperature rise is approximately 37F at high fire.
c) For new radiant heating systems, refer to the radiant tubing manufacturer’s boiler sizing guidelines.
d) For combi boilers make sure that the domestic hot water flow rate shown in Table 2.2, will be
adequate to meet the peak demand for domestic hot water.
5) Make sure that the boiler received is configured for the correct gas (natural or LP).
6) Make sure that the boiler is configured for use at the altitude at which it is to be installed.
NOTICE
This product must be installed by a licensed plumber or gas fitter when installed within the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. See Appendix A for additional important information about
installing this product within the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
IV Locating the Boiler
1) Observe the minimum clearances shown in Figure 4.1. These clearances apply to both combustible and
non-combustible materials.
2) Note the recommended service clearances in Figure 4.1. These service clearances are recommended,
but may reduced to the combustible clearances provided:
•
•
Access to the front of the boiler is provided through a door
Access is provided to the condensate trap located underneath the boiler.
3) The relief valve must be installed in the factory specified location.
4) The boiler should be located so as to minimize the length of the vent system.
5) The boiler must not be installed on carpeting.
6) The combustion air piping must terminate where outdoor air is available for combustion and away from
areas that will contaminate combustion air. Avoid areas near chemical products containing chlorine,
chloride based salts, chloro/fluorocarbons, paint removers, cleaning solvents and detergents.
5
Clearance From
Hot Water Pipes To
Combustibles = 1”
Figure 4.1: Clearances To Combustible Or Non-combustible Material
6
V Mounting The Boiler
CAUTION
This boiler weighs approximately 110 pounds:
•
•
Two people are required to safely lift this boiler onto the wall mounting hook.
Make sure that wall mounting hook is anchored to a structure capable of supporting the
weight of the boiler and attached piping when filled with water.
Jurisdictions in areas subject to earthquakes may have special requirements for supporting
this boiler. These local requirements take precedence over the requirements shown below.
Mounting Steps:
1) If the boiler is installed on a framed wall, minimum acceptable framing are 2 x 4 studs. The boiler
mounting holes are on 11-5/8” centers. Usually the wall studs will be on 16” centers. In such cases, both
boiler bracket mounting holes must be anchored to ¾” Plywood, horizontal 2 x 4s anchored to the studs,
or some other framing system capable of supporting the boiler. Attachment of either bracket hole to
wallboard alone is unacceptable.
2) When mounting this boiler directly onto studs covered with 1/2” wall board, 5/16 x 2” lag screws are
recommended. When the boiler is attached to other types of construction, such as masonry, use fasteners
capable of supporting the weight of the boiler and attached piping in accordance with good construction
practice and applicable local codes.
3) Make sure that the surface to which the boiler is mounted is plumb.
4) Before mounting the boiler, make sure that wall selected does not have any framing or other construction
that will interfere with the vent pipe penetration.
5) Tape the paper template to the wall in the chosen location. Be sure to level the template.
6) Pre-drill two holes in the center of the “oval” slots on the mounting bracket sized for the hardware being
used.
7) Mount the bracket to the wall. Be sure to level the bracket by adjusting the screw in the vertical slot.
8) Pre-drill the remaining hole in the mounting bracket and secure the final screw.
9) Cut the opening in the wall for the vent system. The recommended hole diameter for the standard
60/100mm venting is 4-3/8”.
10) Hang the boiler on the wall bracket as shown in Figure 5.2.
11) Verify that the front and sides of the boiler are plumb.
12) See Section VII (“Venting) for instructions on attaching the vent system to the boiler.
13) A hot water boiler installed above radiation level or as the Authority having jurisdiction,
must be provided with a low water cutoff device either as a part of the boiler or at the time of installation.
7
Figure 5.1 Wall Mounting Hole Locations
8
Figure 5.2 Boiler Mounting
9
VI Air for Ventilation
WARNING
Outdoor combustion air must be piped to the air intake. Never pipe combustion air from areas containing
contaminates such as areas where swimming pool chemicals are stored. Contaminated combustion
air will damage the boiler and may cause property damage, personal injury or loss of life.
Air for combustion and ventilation, of the National Flue Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 CAN/CSA B 149.1
Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code, or applicable provisions of the local building codes.
Air for combustion must always be obtained directly from outdoors, however sufficient air for ventilation must
still be provided in the boiler room. Air for ventilation is required to keep various boiler components from
overheating and is always obtained from indoors. To ensure an adequate ventilation air supply, perform the
following steps:
Step 1: Determine whether the boiler is to be installed in a confined space - A confined space is defined by
the National Fuel Gas Code,ANSI Z223.1./NFPA 54 and/or CAN/CSA B 149.1 Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code.
as having a volume less than 50 cubic feet per 1000 BTU/hr input of all appliances
installed in that space. To determine whether the boiler room is a confined space:
A. Total the input of all appliances in the boiler room in thousands of BTU/hr. Round the result to the next
highest 1000 BTU/hr.
B. Find the volume of the room in cubic feet. The volume of the room in cubic feet is:
Length (ft) x width (ft) x ceiling height (ft)
In calculating the volume of the boiler room, consider the volume of adjoining spaces only if no doors
are installed between them. If doors are installed between the boiler room and an adjoining space, do
not consider the volume of the adjoining space, even if the door is normally left open.
C. Divide the volume of the boiler room by the input in thousands of BTU/hr. If the result is less than 50, the
boiler room is a confined space.
Example:
A MWC116 and a water heater are to be installed in a room measuring 6ft – 3 in x 7ft with an 8 ft ceiling. The
water heater has an input of 30000 BTU/hr:
Total input in thousands of BTU/hr = (116000 BTU/hr + 30000 BTU/hr) / 1000 = 146 MBTU/hr
Volume of room = 6.25 ft x 7 ft x 8 ft = 350 ft3
350/146 = 2.40. Since 2.33 is less than 50, the boiler room is a confined space.
Step 2a: If the boiler is to be placed in a confined space, provide two openings into the boiler room, one near
the floor and one near the ceiling. The top edge of the upper opening must be within 12” of the ceiling and the
bottom edge of the lower opening must be within 12” of the floor (Fig 6.1). The minimum opening dimension is
3 inches.
•
•
If the MWC boiler is the only gas-burning appliance in the boiler room, these openings must each
have a minimum free area of 54 square inches.
If other gas-burning appliances are in the boiler room, size the openings in accordance with the
appliance manufacturer’s instructions or the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1.
/NFPA 54 and/or CAN/CSA B 149.1. Minimum opening free area is
54 square inches even if opening requirements for other appliances are less.
10
Figure 6.1: Boiler Installed In A Confined Space, Ventilation Air From Inside
Step 2a (contd.)
•
•
If the total volume of both the boiler room and the room to which the openings connect is less than
50 cubic feet per 1000 BTU/hr of total appliance input, install a pair of identical openings into a third
room. Connect additional rooms with openings until the total volume of all rooms is at least 50 cubic
feet per 1000 BTU/hr of input.
The “free area” of an opening takes into account the blocking effect of mesh, grills, and louvers.
Where screens are used, they must be no finer than ¼” (4 x 4) mesh.
Step 2b: If the boiler is to be placed in an unconfined space the natural infiltration into the boiler room will
provide adequate air for ventilation without additional openings into boiler room.
11
VII Venting
WARNING
Failure to vent this boiler in accordance with these instructions could cause flue gas to enter
the building resulting in severe property damage, personal injury, or death:
•
•
•
Do not attempt to vent this boiler with galvanized, PVC, or any other vent components not
listed in Table 7.3.
Do not obtain combustion air from within the building.
Do not install a barometric damper or drafthood on this boiler.
CAUTION
Moisture and ice may form on the surfaces around the vent termination. To prevent
deterioration, surfaces should be in good repair (sealed, painted, etc.).
A. Vent System Design
There are two basic ways to vent this boiler:
•
•
Horizontal (“Side Wall”) Concentric Venting - Vent system exits the building through an outside
wall. Concentric venting consists of a “pipe within a pipe”. Flue gas exits the building through the inner
pipe and combustion air is drawn into the boiler through the space between the inner and outer pipe.
Vertical Concentric Venting - Vent system exits the building through the roof. Concentric venting
consists of a “pipe within a pipe”. Flue gas exits the building through the inner pipe and combustion
air is drawn into the boiler through the space between the inner and outer pipe.
Both of these systems are considered “direct vent” because in both, combustion is drawn directly from the
outdoors into the boiler. A description of all of these venting options are shown in Tables 7.1 and 7.6. For
clarity, these vent options are numbered from 1 to 6. One of the vent option columns in Tables 7.1 or 7.6 must
match the planned vent and air intake system exactly. In addition, observe the following guidelines:
1) Approved vent systems - Use only one Concentric vent system components supplied by Crown. The
standard boiler is supplied with a concentric vent system having a maximum usable length of 25” (Figure
2.1). For longer runs, additional straight lengths and elbows are available from Crown. In some cases,
larger diameter concentric pipe must be used. Each Crown concentric vent component consists of an
inner pipe of polypropylene and the outer pipe of steel. Integral gaskets on each concentric fitting provide
a gas tight seal. A list of all Crown concentric vent components is shown in Table 7.3.
In this manual, concentric pipe sizes are called out in terms of the inner and outer pipe nominal
diameters in millimeters. For example, “60/100mm” pipe consists of a 60mm exhaust pipe inside a
100mm diameter outer pipe.
2) Maximum Vent and Air Intake Lengths - The maximum length of the vent air intake piping depends upon
the vent option selected. See Table 7.1 or 7.6 for the maximum vent length. In horizontal vent systems,
the lengths shown in Table 7.1 are in addition to the Elbow Adaptor on top of the boiler. If more elbows
are desired, the maximum allowable vent length must be reduced by the amount shown in Table 7.5 for
each additional elbow used. Termination fittings are never counted, although the length of the concentric
terminal section is counted.
12
2 (contd.)
Example: A 60/100mm concentric vent system is planned for a horizontally vented MWC116 which
has the following components:
•
•
•
•
60/100mm Elbow Adaptor (supplied with the boiler)
1 ft Straight Pipe
90 elbow
Uncut Terminal Section (supplied with the boiler)
The Vent Option #2 column in Table 7.1 describes a horizontal direct vent system using 60/100mm
concentric vent pipe. From this column, we see that a MWC116 may have a vent length of up to 8ft10in. The 60/100 Elbow Adaptor supplied with the boiler is not considered. The length of the terminal
section (not including the plastic terminal itself) is approximately 22 1/2” (1.9ft) installed. From Table
7.5, we see that the equivalent length of the 60/100mm elbow is 4.5ft. The total equivalent length of
the planned venting system is therefore:
1ft (Straight ) + 4.5ft (90 Elbow) + 1.9ft (Uncut Terminal Section) = 7.4ft.
Since Table 7.1 shows a maximum allowable vent length of 8ft-10in, the planned vent system length
is acceptable. Note that the 82mm inlet air orifice supplied with the boiler is not used.
3) Minimum Vent and Air Intake Lengths - Observe the minimum vent lengths shown in Tables 7.1 and 7.6.
4) Permitted Terminals for Horizontal Venting:
•
•
Vent Option 1, 2 - The 60/100mm concentric vent terminal is supplied with the boiler as part of the
standard vent system.
Vent Option 3 - Use the optional 80/125mm Concentric Vent Terminal (Crown PN 230531)
5) Horizontal Vent Terminal Location - Observe the following limitations on the vent terminal location (also
see Figure 7.4).
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Vent terminal must be at least 1 foot from any door, window, or gravity inlet into the building.
The bottom of the terminal must be at least 12” above the normal snow line. In no case should it be
less than 12” above grade level.
The bottom of the vent terminal must be at least 7 feet above a public walkway.
Do not install the vent terminal directly over windows or doors.
The bottom of the vent terminal must be at least 3 feet above any forced air inlet located within 10
feet.
In the USA, maintain a clearance of at least 4ft horizontally from the vent terminal to gas meters,
electric meters, regulators and relief equipment. In Canada, maintain a 6ft clearance between the
vent terminal and these devices.
Do not locate the vent terminal under decks or similar structures.
Top of vent terminal must be at least 5 feet below eves, soffits, or overhangs. Maximum depth of
overhang is 3 ft.
Vent terminal must be at least 6 feet from an inside corner.
Vent Terminal must be at least 2ft from adjacent buildings.
Under certain conditions, water in the flue gas may condense, and possibly freeze, on objects around
the vent terminal including on the structure itself. If these objects are subject to damage by flue gas
condensate, they should be moved or protected.
If possible, install the vent and air intake terminals on a wall away from the prevailing wind. Reliable
operation of this boiler cannot be guaranteed if these terminals are subjected to winds in excess of 40
mph.
Air intake terminal must not terminate in areas that might contain combustion air contaminates, such
as near swimming pools. See Section IV for more information on possible contaminates.
13
Table 7.1: Summary Of Horizontal Venting Options
VENT OPTION #
CLASSIFICATION USED IN THIS
MANUAL
1
HORIZONTAL
CONCENTRIC
2
HORIZONTAL
CONCENTRIC
3
HORIZONTAL
CONCENTRIC
ILLUSTRATED IN FIGURE
7.2
7.2
7.2
VENT PIPE PENETRATION
THROUGH STRUCTURE
WALL
WALL
WALL
60/100 mm
CONCENTRIC
60/100 mm
CONCENTRIC
80/125 mm
CONCENTRIC
82mm
Not Used
MAX. VENT LENGTH
25in
8ft - 10in
27ft - 10in
MIN. VENT LENGTH
6in
26in
6in
VENT PIPE SIZE
INLET AIR ORIFICE SIZE
4
RESERVED
FOR FUTURE
USE
82mm
VENT TERMINAL
CROWN
#230520
(INCLUDED
WITH BOILER)
CROWN
#230520
(INCLUDED
WITH BOILER)
CROWN
#230531
VENT MATERIAL
CROWN
60/100mm
VENT
COMPONENTS
SHOWN IN
TABLE 7.3a
CROWN
60/100mm
VENT
COMPONENTS
SHOWN IN
TABLE 7.3a
CROWN
80/125mm VENT
COMPONENTS
SHOWN IN
TABLE 7.3b
Figure 7.2: Horizontal Concentric Venting (Vent Options 1-3)
14
Table 7.3a: Crown Concentric 60/100 Vent Components (Vent Options 1,2)
USED ON
VENT
OPTION #
COMMENTS
60/100mm
1,2
INCLUDED WITH STANDARD BOILER
60/100mm STRAIGHT ADAPTOR
60/100mm
2
OPTIONAL
230520
TERMINAL SECTION
60/100mm
1,2
INCLUDED WITH STANDARD BOILER
230522
WALL GROMMET
60/100mm
1,2
INCLUDED WITH STANDARD BOILER
230505
39” STRAIGHT
60/100mm
2
OPTIONAL - MAY NOT BE CUT
230504
78” STRAIGHT
60/100mm
2
OPTIONAL - MAY NOT BE CUT
CROWN PN
DESCRIPTION
340509
60/100mm ELBOW ADAPTOR
340503
SIZE
230506
19 1/2” STRAIGHT
60/100mm
1,2
OPTIONAL - CAN BE CUT
230507
90 DEGREE ELBOW
60/100mm
2
OPTIONAL
230508
45 DEGREE ELBOW
60/100mm
2
OPTIONAL
230515
39” STRAIGHT
80/125mm
1
OPTIONAL - CAN BE CUT
340130
82mm AIR INLET ORIFICE
82mm ID
1
INCLUDED WITH STANDARD BOILER
Table 7.3b: Crown Concentric 80/125 Vent Components (Vent Options 3,5)
CROWN PN
DESCRIPTION
340523
80/125 STRAIGHT ADAPTOR
USED ON
VENT
OPTION #
SIZE
80/125mm
COMMENTS
3,5
230527
90 DEGREE EL (STANDARD)
80/125mm
3,5
230528
90 DEGREE EL (SWEEP)
80/125mm
3,5
230526
45 DEGREE EL
80/125mm
3,5
230517
19 1/2” STRAIGHT
80/125mm
3,5
CAN BE CUT
230515
39” STRAIGHT
80/125mm
3,5
CAN BE CUT
230518
39” STRAIGHT
80/125mm
3,5
MAY NOT BE CUT
230519
78” STRAIGHT
80/125mm
3,5
MAY NOT BE CUT
230525
TELESCOPING STRAIGHT
80/125mm
3,5
ADJUSTABLE FROM 12-1/2” TO 16-1/2
230531
HORIZONTAL TERMINAL
80/125mm
3
230532
VERTICAL TERMINAL
80/125mm
5
230533
FLAT ROOF FLASHING
80/125mm
5
230535
SLOPED ROOF FLASHING
80/125mm
5
(NOTE #2)
230530
SUPPORT ELBOW WITH
CHIMNEY CHASE BRACKET
80/125mm
5
(NOTE #3)
230536
SUPPORT BAND
80/125mm
3,5
Table 7.3b Notes:
1) Vertical terminal can be used with either of the roof flashings listed beneath it.
2) Sloped roof flashing suitable for roof angles between 25 and 45 degrees.
3) Used at base of vertical run inside unused masonry chimney.
15
(NOTE #1)
Figure 7.4a: Location Of Vent Terminal Relative To Windows, Doors, Grade
Figure 7.4b: Location Of Vent Terminal Relative To Meters And Forced Air Inlets
Figure 7.4c: Positioning Vent Terminal Under Overhangs
16
Table 7.5: Vent/ Air Intake Fitting Equivalent Length
VENT FITTING
EQUIVALENT LENGTH (ft)
60/100mm 90° CONCENTRIC ELBOW
4.5
60/100mm 45° CONCENTRIC ELBOW
4.0
80/125mm 90° CONCENTRIC ELBOW
8.5
80/125mm 90° SWEEP CONCENTRIC ELBOW
5.5
80/125mm 45° CONCENTRIC ELBOW
3.0
80/125mm 90° CONCENTRIC SUPPORT ELBOW
8.5
6) Permitted Terminals for Vertical Venting - Use Crown PN 230532 with the appropriate flashing (Table 7.3b)
7) Vertical Vent Terminal Locations (Vent Option 5) - Observe the following limitations on the location of all
vertical vent terminals (see Figure 7.7):
•
•
The top of the vent pipe must be at least 2 feet above any object located within 10 feet.
The bottom of the air inlet terminal must be at least 12” above the normal snow accumulation that can be
expected on the roof. The terminal used in Vent Option #5 has a fixed distance above the storm collar of
19”. If a greater distance is needed to provide the clearance above the snow line, build a chase on the
roof and mount the vertical terminal on top of the chase.
8) Wall thimbles – Concentric vent has a “zero” clearance to combustibles and therefore does not require the
use of wall thimbles.
9) Pitch of Horizontal Piping - Pitch all horizontal piping so that any condensate which forms in the piping will run
towards the boiler. Pitch Crown horizontal concentric venting 5/8” per foot
10) Supporting Pipe - Vertical and horizontal sections of pipe must be properly supported. Support Crown
concentric venting near the female end of each straight section of pipe. Exception: Vertical runs of concentric
pipe in an unused chimney (Figure 7.36) need only be supported at the terminal and at the base of the run.
Table 7.6: Summary Of Vertical Venting Options
VENT OPTION #
CLASSIFICATION USED IN THIS
MANUAL
5
VERTICAL
CONCENTRIC
ILLUSTRATED IN FIGURE
7.7
VENT PIPE PENETRATION
THROUGH STRUCTURE
ROOF
VENT PIPE SIZE
80/125mm
CONCENTRIC
82mm
INLET AIR ORIFICE SIZE
MAX. VENT LENGTH
27ft - 10in
MIN. VENT LENGTH
6in
VENT TERMINAL
CROWN #230532
CONCENTRIC
TERMINAL (TABLE
7.3b)
VENT MATERIAL
CROWN 80/125 mm
VENT COMPONENTS
SHOWN IN TABLE
7.3b
17
6
RESERVED FOR
FUTURE USE
Figure 7.7: Vertical Concentric Vent System (Vent Option 5)
18
B. Removing an Existing Boiler From a Common Chimney
Read this only if the MWC boiler is replacing an existing boiler that is being removed from a common
chimney. This section does not apply to the installation of a MWC boiler.
In some cases, when an existing boiler is removed from a common chimney, the common venting system
may be too large for the remaining appliances. At the time of removal of an existing boiler, the following
steps shall be followed with each appliance remaining connected to the common venting system placed
in operation, while the other appliances remaining connected to the common venting system are not in
operation.
(a) Seal any unused openings in the common venting system.
(b) Visually inspect the venting system for proper size and horizontal pitch and determine there is no
blockage or restriction, leakage, corrosion and other deficiencies which could cause an unsafe
condition.
(c) Insofar as practical, close all building doors and windows and all doors between the space in which
all the appliances remaining connected to the common venting system are located and other
spaces of the building. Turn on clothes dryers and any appliance not connected to the common
venting system. Turn on any exhaust fans, such as range hoods and bathroom exhausts, so they
will operate at maximum speed. Do not operate a summer exhaust fan. Close fireplace dampers.
(d) Place in operation the appliance being inspected. Follow the lighting instructions. Adjust
thermostat so the appliance will operate continuously.
(e) Test for spillage at the draft hood relief opening after 5 minutes of main burner operation. Use
the flame of a match or candle, or smoke from a cigarette, cigar, or pipe.
(f) After it has been determined that each appliance remaining connected to the common venting
system properly vents when tested as outlined above, return doors, windows, exhaust fans,
fireplace dampers and any other gas-burning appliances to their previous condition of use.
(g) Any improper operation of the common venting system should be corrected so the installation
conforms with the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1./NFPA 54 and/or CAN/CSA B 149.1
Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code. When re-sizing any portion of the
common venting system, the common venting system should be re sized to approach the minimum
size as determined using the appropriate tables in Part 11 of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI
Z223.1. /NFPA 54 and/or CAN/CSA B 149.1
WARNING
Never common vent a MWC boiler with other appliances.
19
C. Assembly of Crown 60/100mm Concentric Venting
(IMPORTANT - Skip to Section D for 80/125mm Concentric Vent Assembly)
WARNING
Failure to follow the instructions could result in flue gas leakage into the combustion air or indoor
air, resulting in unsafe or unreliable operation.
• Do not lubricate concentric gaskets with anything other than water.
• Do not attempt to cut any piping except as permitted in this section. When cutting these
sections, make sure
all cuts are square and allow for proper insertion.
• Do not attempt to try to mix this concentric pipe with other venting systems.
1) Concentric vent components supplied with the boiler are packed in a separate carton and include the following:
a)
b)
c)
d)
60/100mm elbow adaptor (Crown PN 340509).
60/100mm terminal section (straight section with a terminal and overall length of 27 3/4” (Crown PN 230520).
Two (2) Rubber wall grommets (Crown PN 230522).
Vent gasket and screws for attachment of vent system to boiler.
The 82mm air inlet orifice required for Vent Option 1 is packed in the boiler carton.
The 60/100 straight adaptor is optional equipment. It is supplied with the same screws and gasket as the 60/100
elbow adaptor.
2) Start by attaching the elbow adaptor (or straight adaptor, if used instead) to the top of the boiler using the gasket
and four 4.2mm sheet metal screws provided in the vent kit as shown in Figure 7.20. For V
Vent Option 1, install the
82mm air inlet orifice as shown.
3) If no additional sections of concentric pipe are required, attach the terminal section to the elbow. In most cases, it
will need to be cut before doing so. Use the following procedure to cut the pipe:
a) Measure distance “L” from the outside surface of the exterior wall to the end of the elbow as shown in Figure
7.21.
b) Add 2-1/8” to distance “L”. Carefully mark this length on the pipe as shown in Figure 7.22.
c) Press in the two tabs holding the plastic terminal in the terminal section (Figure 7.22). Carefully pull out the
terminal and the inner pipe.
d) Cut the outer pipe only at the point marked in Step (b) using aviation shears, a hacksaw, or an abrasive
wheel cutter. Be careful to cut the pipe square. De burr the cut end with a file or emery cloth.
e) Cut the plastic inner pipe so that it will protrude 3/8” beyond the outer pipe when reinstalled in the terminal
section (Figure 7.23). Use a fine tooth hacksaw or a PVC saw to cut the plastic pipe and be careful to cut the
pipe square. De burr the cut edge of the plastic pipe with a file, razor blade, or fine sandpaper.
f) Reinstall the inner pipe in the terminal section. Slip the outside wall grommet over the terminal section and
position so that it covers the joint between the outer pipe and the terminal (Figure 7.24).
g) Make a mark on the terminal section 1” from the cut end of the outer pipe as shown in Figure 7.24.
h) Pass the terminal section through the wall from the outside. Push the remaining wall grommet over the
terminal section on the inside of the wall. Push the terminal section into the elbow until the mark made in Step
(g) is no longer visible. If necessary, the brown gasket in the inner pipe may be lubricated with a few drops of
water.
i) The terminal section must be attached to the elbow with a single #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screw ( not supplied)
at the top of the elbow. Drill a 1/8” hole in the location shown in Figure 7.25. Use a short drill bit or a drill
stop to ensure that the drill bit does not penetrate the pipe by more than 3/8”. Install a #10 x 1/2” screw
in this hole. Do not use a screw longer than 1/2” long.
j) If not already done, make sure that both wall grommets are firmly against the interior and exterior wall
surfaces. Seal any cracks or other openings near the terminal through which exhaust could enter the building.
20
FIGURE 7.20: INSTALLATION OF 60/100 ADAPTORS ON BOILER
FIGURE 7.21: DIMENSION “L”
21
4) If additional pieces of pipe are used, install them starting at the boiler elbow. Support each section of straight pipe
at its female end.
5) Use locking bands provided to join adjacent sections of non-cuttable pipe as well as fittings. The male end of the
terminal section and other cuttable sections must be held to the female end of the adjoining pipe with at least
three #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws. Drill a 1/8 hole through both outer pipes to start this screw. Use a drill stop
or other means to ensure that the drill bit does not penetrate more than 3/8” into the outer pipe. Do not
use a sheet metal screw longer than 1/2”.
6) The only straight pipe that can be cut is the terminal section and the 19-1/2” section (Crown PN 230506). To cut
this pipe:
a) Cut pipe from the male end. After marking the desired length of the outer pipe, remove the plastic inner pipe
by pulling it out from the female end.
b) Cut the outer pipe only at the point marked in Step (b) using aviation shears, a hacksaw, or an abrasive
wheel cutter. Be careful to cut the pipe square. De burr the cut end with a file or emery cloth.
c) Cut the plastic inner pipe so that it will protrude 3/8” beyond the outer pipe when reinstalled in the outer pipe.
Use a fine tooth hacksaw or a PVC saw to cut the plastic pipe and be careful to cut the pipe square. De burr
the cut edge of the plastic pipe with a file, razor blade, or fine sandpaper.
d) Reinstall the inner pipe.
7) Install the terminal as outlined in Step (4) above. Dimension “L” described in Step 3 is the distance from the
exterior surface of the wall to the end of the last piece of pipe inside the building.
Figure 7.22: Cutting Outer Pipe
Figure 7.23: Cutting Inner Pipe
22
Figure 7.24: Preparing 60/100mm Terminal Section For Installation In The Wall
Figure 7.25: Attaching 60/100mm Terminal Section
23
D. Assembly of Crown 80/125mm Concentric Venting
(IMPORTANT - See Section C for 60/100mm Concentric Vent Assembly)
WARNING
Failure to follow the instructions could result in flue gas leakage into the combustion air or indoor
air, resulting in unsafe or unreliable operation.
• Do not lubricate concentric gaskets with anything other than water.
• Do not attempt to cut any piping except as permitted in this section. When cutting these
sections, make sure
all cuts are square and allow for proper insertion.
• Do not attempt to try to mix this concentric pipe with other venting systems.
1) The 60/100mm terminal section and concentric reducing elbow supplied with the boiler are not used in
80/125mm vent systems. The components listed in Table 7.3b are required for 80/125mm installations and
are not supplied with the boiler. Before starting assembly of an 80/125mm vent system, make sure that
the planned installation is in accordance with the “Vent System Design” section of this manual and that
all required 80/125mm vent components are on hand. These components are available through Crown
distributors.
Figure 7.30: Installation Of 80/125 Adaptor On Boiler
24
2) Installation of the MWC116 with 80/125mm venting requires the use of the 80/125mm appliance adaptor
(Crown PN 340523). This adaptor is installed on top of the boiler as shown in Figure 7.30. For vent options 3
and 5, sandwich the 82mm air inlet orifice between the boiler and the adaptor as shown.
3) Cutting Straight Pipe - The following straight pipe sections may be cut:
Part #
Description
230517
19 1/2” Straight
230515
39” Straight
These sections have a plain male end (without beads - see Figure 7.31a). They are always cut from the
male end. Sections not shown on the above list may not be cut. These sections have beads on the male end
(Figure 7.31b).
Figure 7.31a: Cuttable Straight Section
Figure 7.31b: Non Cuttable Straight Section
25
3) (contd.) To cut the straight sections listed above refer to Figure 7.32 and the following instructions:
a) Determine the required length of the outer pipe. When doing this allow an additional 1” of length for
insertion into the female end of the adjoining pipe. Mark the cut line on the outer pipe.
b) Remove the plastic inner pipe by pulling it out from the female end.
c) Cut the OUTER PIPE ONLY at the point marked in Step (a) using aviation shears, a hacksaw, or an
abrasive wheel cutter. Be careful to cut the pipe square. De burr the cut end with a file or emery cloth.
d) Make an insertion mark 1” from the male end of the outer pipe.
e) Cut the plastic inner pipe so that it will protrude 3/8” beyond the male end of the outer pipe when
reinstalled in the outer pipe. Use a fine tooth hacksaw or a PVC saw to cut the plastic pipe and be careful
to cut the pipe square. De burr the cut edge of the plastic pipe with a file, razor blade, or fine sandpaper.
f) Reinstall the inner pipe.
4) Joining Pipe a) Start assembly of the vent system at the boiler. Lubricate the brown gasket in the boiler vent collar with a
few drops of water.
b) Push the male end of the first fitting into the boiler collar until it bottoms out. The male end of cuttable
sections should go 1” into the collar until the insertion mark (made in Step 3d above) is covered. On other
fittings, the bead on the male pipe will bottom out on the collar (Figure 7.33b).
c) The male end of cuttable fittings must be held to the collar with three #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws. Drill
a 1/8 hole through both outer pipes to start this screw. Use a drill stop or other means to ensure that
the drill bit does not penetrate more than 3/8” into the outer pipe. Do not use a sheet metal screw
longer than 1/2” (Figure 7.33a).
d) Use locking bands (provided with all fittings) to secure non-cuttable pipe, as well as fittings, to the boiler
collar (Figure 7.33b).
e) Use the same method to join all remaining vent components except for the terminal.
Figure 7.32: Cutting Straight Pipe
26
Figure 7.33a: Joining Cuttable Pipe
Figure 7.33b: Joining Non-Cuttable Pipe
27
5) 80/125mm Horizontal Terminal Installation a) Cut a 5-1/2” diameter hole through the exterior wall at the planned location of the horizontal terminal.
b) Measure distance “L” from the outside surface of the exterior wall to the end of the last fitting as shown in
Figure 7.34a.
c) Add 1-1/4” to distance “L”. Carefully mark this length on the pipe as shown in Figure 7.34b.
d) Remove the inner pipe from the terminal, by gently pulling on it from the male end. Set aside.
e) Cut the outer pipe only at the point marked in Step (c) using aviation shears, a hacksaw, or an abrasive
wheel cutter. Be careful to cut the pipe square. De-burr the cut end with a file or Emory cloth.
f) Reinstall the inner pipe in the terminal, making sure that the female end of this pipe is completely
bottomed out over the aluminum male connection visible behind the air intake grill. Place a mark on the
inner pipe 3/8” beyond the end of the outer pipe (Figure 7.34c). Use a fine tooth hacksaw to cut the pipe
and be careful to cut the pipe square (if necessary, the pipe can be removed from the terminal again for
cutting). De-burr the cut edge of the pipe with a file, razor blade, or fine sandpaper.
g) Make a mark on the terminal section 1” from the cut end of the outer pipe as shown in Figure 7.34c.
h) Slip the terminal section through the wall from the outside. Pass the terminal through the inner wall plate
and push into the last section of vent pipe until the mark made in Step (g) is not longer visible (Figure
7.34d). Secure the terminal to the last piece of pipe with three #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws. Drill a 1/8
hole through both outer pipes to start these screws. Use a drill stop or other means to ensure that
the drill bit does not penetrate more than 3/8” into the outer pipe. Do not use a sheet metal screw
longer than 1/2”.
i) Slip the outer wall plate over the terminal and secure to the wall (Figure 7.34d). Apply a 1/8” bead of
weather resistant RTV over the joint between the outside wall plate and the terminal. Secure the other
wall plate to the inside wall.
Figure 7.34a: Dimension “L”, 80/125mm Horizontal Terminal
Figure 7.34b: Cutting Outer Pipe Of 80/125mm Horizontal Terminal
28
Figure 7.34c: Cutting Inner Pipe Of 80/125mm Horizontal Terminal
Figure 7.34d: Completing 80/125mm Horizontal Terminal Installation
29
6) Vertical Terminal Installation - In addition to the vertical terminal, either a Flat Roof Flashing (PN 230533) or
Sloped Roof Flashing (PN 230535) is required for this installation.
a) Determine the center line of the terminal location on the roof. If the roof is flat, cut a 5-1/2” diameter hole
for the terminal. If the roof is sloped, cut a hole large enough for the terminal to pass through the roof while
remaining plumb. Caution: If the boiler is installed directly under the hole, cover it while cutting the
hole to prevent saw dust and other debris from falling into the boiler.
b) Install the roof flashing using standard practice for the roofing system on the structure.
c) If not already done, assemble the venting system inside the building. The last section of pipe needs to be on
the same center line as the terminal and within 19-1/4” of the top edge of the roof flashing (Figure 7.35a).
d) Measure distance “H” from the top edge of the storm collar to the end of the last fitting as shown in Figure
7.35a.
e) Add 1” to distance “H”. Carefully mark this length on the pipe as shown in Figure 7.35b.
f) Cut the outer pipe only at the point marked in Step (e) using aviation shears, a hacksaw, or an abrasive
wheel cutter. Be careful to cut the pipe square. De-burr the cut end with a file or emery cloth.
g) Place a mark on the aluminum inner pipe 3/8” beyond the end of the outer pipe (Figure 7.35b). Use a fine
tooth hacksaw to cut the aluminum pipe and be careful to cut the pipe square. De-burr the cut edge of the
aluminum pipe with a file or emery cloth.
h) Make a mark on the terminal section 1” from the cut end of the outer pipe as shown in Figure 7.35b.
i) Slip the terminal section through the roof from the outside. Push into the last section of vent pipe until the
mark the mark made in Step (h) is not longer visible. Secure the terminal to the last piece of pipe with three
#10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws. Drill a 1/8 hole through both outer pipes to start these screws. Use a drill
stop or other means to ensure that the drill bit does not penetrate more than 3/8” into the outer pipe.
Do not use a sheet metal screw longer than 1/2”.
j) Secure the terminal section to the inside of the roof structure using the mounting bracket provided with the
terminal Figure 7.35c).
7) Chimney Chase Installation - A vertical 80/125mm vent system can be installed in an unused masonry chimney.
This installation is similar to other vertical installations with the following exceptions (Also see Figure 7.36):
a) The chimney chase elbow kit (PN230530) is used at the base of the chimney. This kit consists of a support
elbow and a mounting bracket. Slip the elbow over the M10 x 35 screw in the support bracket. Determine
the desired vertical location of the support elbow in the chimney and mark the location of the pin on the back
of the support bracket on the back wall of the chimney. Drill a 7/16”dia x 2-1/2” deep hole at this location to
support the back of the bracket. The front of the elbow mounting bracket is supported by the bottom of the
opening into the chimney or by an installer supplied bracket.
b) Construct a weather-tight flat roof to cover the top of the old chimney. Install the vertical terminal through this
roof using the flat roof flashing.
Figure 7.35a: Dimension “H”
30
Figure 7.35b: Cutting Vertical Terminal
Figure 7.35c: Completing Vertical Terminal Installation
31
WARNING
•
•
Do not attempt to construct a vertical vent system inside a chimney that is used to vent a
fireplace or other appliances.
Do not attempt to construct a vertical vent system inside a chimney flue adjacent to another
flue used by a fireplace or other appliances.
Figure 7.36: Chimney Chase Installation
32
E. Condensate Trap and Drain Line
All condensate which forms in the boiler or vent system leaves the boiler through the condensate trap.
This trap allows condensate to drain while retaining flue gases in the boiler. This boiler is supplied with a
length of drain hose already attached. Route this hose to a drain or other suitable location to dispose of the
condensate. Note the following when disposing of the condensate:
•
•
•
•
•
•
If the condensate drain line must be extended, construct the extension from PVC or CPVC pipe.
Insert the hose provided with the boiler into the end of the extension as shown in Figure 7.40.
Condensate is slightly acidic. Do not use metallic pipe or fittings in the condensate drain line. Do not
route the drain line through areas that could be damaged by leaking condensate.
Some jurisdictions may require that the condensate be neutralized before being disposed of. Dispose
of condensate in accordance with local codes.
Do not route, or terminate, the condensate drain line in areas subjected to freezing temperatures.
If the point of condensate disposal is above the trap, it will be necessary to use a condensate pump to
move the condensate to the drain. In such cases, select a condensate pump that is approved for use
with condensing furnaces. If overflow from this pump would result in property damage, select a pump
with an overflow switch and use this switch to shut down the boiler. Alternatively, if heat is a necessity,
use the overflow switch to trigger an alarm.
Do not attempt to move the trap from the location shown in Figure 7.40. Do not attempt to substitute
another trap for the one provided with the boiler.
WARNING
Failure to install the condensate trap and condensate drain in accordance with the above
instructions could cause flue gas to enter the building, resulting in personal injury or death.
CAUTION
Boiler condensate is corrosive. Route condensate drain line in a manner such that any
condensate leakage will not cause property damage. Some jurisdictions may require that
condensate be neutralized prior to disposal.
Figure 7.40: Condensate Piping Arrangement
33
VIII Gas Piping
Gas piping to the boiler must be sized to deliver adequate gas for the boiler to fire at the nameplate input at
an inlet pressure between the minimum and maximum values shown on the rating plate. For more information
on gas line sizing, consult the utility or the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1 /NFPA 54 and/or CAN/CSA B 149.1
Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code.
The gas line is connected to the boiler using the 3/4” NPT female connection in the tailpiece shown in Figure
8.1. This tailpiece is supplied in the boiler’s fitting package, along with the fiber gasket shown.
Figure 8.2 shows the finished gas piping connection to the MWC boiler. A sediment trap must be installed
upstream of all gas controls. Install the factory provided manual shut-off valve outside the jacket with a ground
joint union as shown.
The boiler and its gas connection must be leak tested before placing the boiler in operation. When doing this,
the boiler and its individual shut-off must be disconnected from the rest of the system during any pressure
testing of that system at pressures in excess of 1/2 psi. When pressure testing the gas system at pressures of
1/2 psi or less, isolate the boiler from the gas supply system by closing its individual manual shut-off valve.
Figure 8.1: Gas Tailpiece Installation
34
Figure 8.2: Gas Connection To Boiler
35
IX System Piping
CAUTION
•
•
•
•
•
Install boiler so that the gas ignition system components are protected from water (dripping,
spraying, rain, etc) during appliance operation and service (circulator replacement, etc).
Operation of this boiler with continuous return temperatures below 86F can cause severe heat
exchanger corrosion damage.
Operation of this boiler in a system having frequent additions of make-up water can cause severe
heat exchanger damage.
Do not use toxic additives, such as automotive antifreeze, in a hydronic system.
Before connecting boiler, make sure that the system is free of sediment, flux and any residual boiler
water additives. Flush the system if necessary to ensure that these contaminates are removed.
A. Standard Piping
Figure 9.1 shows typical boiler system connections on a single zone system. Additional information on hydronic system
design may be found in Installation of Residential Hydronic Systems (Pub. #200) published by the Hydronics Institute in
Berkeley Heights, NJ. The components in this system and their purposes are as follows:
1) Relief valve (Included & Required) – Install the relief valve in the 3/4” connections on the top of the boiler as shown
in Figure 9.3. The relief valve shipped with the boiler is set to open at 30 psi. This valve may be replaced with
one having a setting at or below the Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (MAWP) shown on the ASME plate
attached to the heat exchanger. If the valve is replaced, the replacement must have a relief capacity in excess of
the Minimum Relief Valve Capacity shown on the rating plate.
Pipe the discharge of the relief valve to a location where water or steam will not create a hazard or cause property
damage if the valve opens. The end of the discharge pipe must terminate in an unthreaded pipe. If the relief
valve discharge is not piped to a drain, it must terminate at least 6 inches above the floor. Do not run relief valve
discharge piping through an area that is prone to freezing. The termination of the relief valve discharge piping must
be in an area where it is not likely to become plugged by debris.
DANGER
•
•
•
•
Pipe relief valve discharge to a safe location.
Do not install a valve in the relief valve discharge line.
Do not move relief valve from factory specified location.
Do not plug relief valve discharge.
2) Circulator (Included & Required) – This boiler is equipped with a factory piped circulator, which is often the only
circulator required. Figure 9.2 is a performance curve for this circulator. Note that this curve is has been adjusted to
take into the account of all internal boiler piping. This performance curve therefore shows the amount of flow that
can be achieved at various heating system pressure drops.
3) Throttling Valve or Flow Restrictor - This boiler is equipped with a differential pressure switch to prove that there is
flow through the boiler before allowing it to fire. Reliable operation of this switch requires that there be a head loss
across the heating system of at least 5.1ft wc. In order to assure that this head loss will always be present, either a
throttling valve must be installed as shown in Figure 9.1 or the flow restrictor shown in Figure 9.4 must be installed.
Use the following guidelines to determine which device to use:
• If the boiler is installed an a single zone system, or one having zone valves, install the throttling valve. At startup, start with this valve fully open and then close it just enough to obtain reliable operation of the pressure
switch.
• If the boiler is connected to a primary-secondary system (Figure 9.5), install the orifice in the supply tailpiece
as shown in Figure 9.4.
• If the boiler is connected to a circulator zone system, primary-secondary piping must be used. Install the orifice
as shown in Figure 9.4.
36
Figure 9.1: Basic Piping
CAUTION
Failure to install the throttling valve or flow restrictor described on the boiler supply could result
in unreliable boiler operation
4) Expansion Tank (Included & Required) – This boiler is equipped with a built in expansion tank. This tank is suitable
for use on systems having a water content of up to 40.6 Gal. This tank is pressurized to approximately 14.7 psi.
5) On systems having water content in excess of 40.6 gallons, a second expansion tank must be provided. Locate
this tank as close as possible to the return connection on the boiler.
6) As shipped, the expansion tank is suitable for installations where the vertical distance between the relief valve and
the highest point in the system is 23ft or less. Consult the factory if it is desired to install this boiler on a system
having a greater height.
7) Fill Valve (Required) – Either a manual or automatic fill valve may be used. Connect the fill as shown in Figure 9.1.
8) Automatic Air Vent (Included & Required) – The boiler is equipped with an automatic air vent. Manual vents will
usually be required in other parts of the system to remove air during initial fill.
9) Low Water Protection – This boiler is equipped with a flow switch which will only allow the boiler to fire when there
is flow through the boiler, and therefore water in the heat exchanger.
10) Isolation Valves (Optional - Not Shown) – Isolation valves are useful if the boiler must be drained, as they will
eliminate having to drain and refill the entire system.
11) Drain Valve (Required) – Install a 3/4” boiler drain (not supplied) in the return piping as shown in Figure 9.1.
37
Figure 9.2: Circulator Performance Curve (Adjusted For Pressure Drop Through
Boiler)
B. Boiler Connections
Boiler supply and return connections are located on the bottom of the boiler as shown in Figure 9.4. Copper 3/4” tail
pieces are provided in the fitting bag along with gaskets. Sweat the first copper fittings to these tail pieces and then
connect the tail pieces to the boiler using the gaskets provided. If required, install the flow restrictor in the supply as
shown in Figure 9.4.
The relief valve is installed using the union connection on top of the boiler as shown in Figure 9.3. Route the relief
valve discharge to a safe location as described on Page 36.
Figure 9.3: Relief Valve Installation
38
Figure 9.4: Supply And Return Tailpiece Installation
C. Piping for Special Situations
Certain types of heating systems have additional requirements. Some examples follow:
1) Primary-Secondary Piping – Primary-secondary piping is required when circulator zoning is used or when the
system flow rate must be greater than 5.5 GPM. In these cases, the piping shown in Figure 9.5 is used so that the
flow through the system is completely independent of the flow through the boiler. This ensures reliable operation of
the boiler’s flow switch.
When assembling the piping shown in Figure 9.5, be sure to observe the minimum dimensions shown. The
minimum pipe size of the primary piping in the vicinity of the tees is 1 1/4”. At least 11” (8 diameters) of 1-1/4”
straight pipe must be installed upstream of the tees as shown. At least 5 1/2” (4 diameters) of 1-1/4” straight pipe
must be installed downstream of the tees.
2) Piping with a Chiller – If the boiler is used in conjunction with a chiller, pipe the boiler and chiller in parallel as
shown in Figure 9.6. Use isolation valves to prevent chilled water from entering the boiler.
3)
Air Handlers – Where the boiler is connected to air handlers through which refrigerated air passes, use flow control
valves in the boiler piping or other automatic means to prevent gravity circulation during the cooling cycle.
D. Internal Boiler Piping
Schematics of the internal boiler piping are shown in Figures 9.7 and 9.8 for the MWC116E*T (combi) and
MWC116E*L (heat-only) models respectively. A schematic of the internal domestic hot water piping for the MWCE*T is
shown in Figure 10.3.
39
Figure 9.5: Primary-Secondary Piping
Figure 9.6: Chiller Piping
40
Figure 9.7: MWC116E*T (Combi) Internal Boiler-Side Piping Schematic
41
Figure 9.8: MWC116E*L (Heat-Only) Internal Piping Schematic
42
X. Domestic Water Piping
CAUTION
If the MWC is connected to a water supply having a hardness in excess of 200PPM, scale
may prematurely form in the DHW heat exchanger, significantly shortening its life. If
necessary, soften the water upstream of the cold water connection to the MWC.
If the MWC is equipped for domestic hot water (DHW) production, connect the domestic hot water piping
as shown in Figure 10.1. Connections to the boiler are made with 1/2” copper tail pieces as shown in Figure
10.2. Solder the first fitting to these tail pieces before mounting them on the boiler. The components in this
system and their functions are as follows:
1) Anti-scald Devices (Required - Not Shown) - Install anti-scald protection devices in accordance with local
codes. In the absence of any local Codes, install such devices as required by the Uniform Plumbing Code
(IAPMO UPC).
WARNING
Like all domestic water heaters, the MWC is capable of generating water that is hot enough to
cause injury or death due to scalding. To minimize the risk of scalding:
•
•
•
Set domestic hot water (DHW) thermostat as low as possible (see the Start-up Section of this
manual for the location of this thermostat.
Feel water before showering or bathing.
If anti-scald or anti-chill protection is required, use devices specifically designed for such
service. Install and maintain these devices in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
2) Flow Restrictor (Recommended) - If domestic hot water is drawn from the MWC at a rate in excess of
the rating in Table 2.2, the temperature of the hot water may be too low to be of use. The use of a flow
restrictor will prevent this problem by limiting the rate at which water can pass through the DHW heat
exchanger. If a restrictor is used, select one having a rating in GPM approximately equal to that shown in
Table 2.2.
3) Pressure Relief Valve (Required) - Limits the pressure in the domestic hot water piping. Use a valve
designed for DHW service, such as the Watts #3L or #53L. Note that this is a pressure relief valve, not a
T&P valve. Select a valve with a pressure setting less than or equal to 145 psi. Pipe the discharge to a
safe location using piping the same size as the discharge connection on the valve.
4) Hose Bib Valves (Recommended) - These valves permit the DHW plate heat exchanger be periodically
“back flushed” to remove sediment.
5) Globe or Ball Valve (Recommended) - Used to aid in back flushing the heat exchanger and to isolate the
DHW piping if it must be serviced. In addition, the upstream valve may be used to limit the DHW flow if
necessary.
43
Figure 10.1: DHW Piping
Figure 10.2: DHW Tailpiece Installation
44
Figure 10.3: MWC116E*T (Combi) Internal DHW-Side Piping Schematic
45
XI Wiring
WARNING
All wiring and grounding must be done in accordance with the authority having jurisdiction
or, in the absence of such requirements, with the National Electrical Code (ANSI/NFPA 70),
and / or, the Canadian Electrical Code Part I ,CSA C22.1,Electrical Code.
1) All electrical connections are line voltage (120 VAC) and are located under the cover on the cover on the top of the
control box (Fig 11.1). To access these connections, use the following procedure:
a) Remove the three screws on the top of the front jacket panel and lift off the panel.
b) There are three screws in the bottom of each side jacket panel: two near the front and one near the back.
Remove the two screws near the front and loosen the screw near the back.
c) Spread the side jacket panels apart slightly, slide the control box forward and then rotate the control box down
as shown in Figure 11.1.
d) Remove the cover shown in Figure 11.1 to access the electrical connections.
2) Crown supplies the “Whip” shown in Figure 11.2 to route the power and thermostat wiring from an installer supplied
junction box into the boiler’s control box. This Whip is designed to provide proper strain relief at the boiler and also
permits the control box to be easily slid in and out of the boiler with all wiring connections intact. A 7/8 hole is located
in the metal rail behind the control box as shown in Figure 11.3. Power and thermostat wiring is routed into the boiler
from underneath (Figure 11.5) and the BX connector on the “boiler end” of the Whip is secured in this 7/8” opening.
3) Route the whip leads into the electrical connection compartment. DO NOT CUT THE WHIP LEADS ON THE
BOILER END.
4) Two terminal blocks are located in the electrical connection compartment: one for power connections and one for the
thermostat connections. Figure 11.3 shows the location of these terminal blocks in the connection compartment.
5) Connect the whip leads to the terminals as shown in Figure 11.4:
Whip Color
Black
White
Green
Orange (either)
Orange (either)
To Factory Wire Color
Brown
Blue
Green/Yellow
Blue
Red
Description
120VAC “Hot”
120 VAC Neutral
Ground
120VAC Thermostat
120VAC Thermostat
Important: Remove the factory installed jumper from the thermostat terminals (Figure 10.4)
6) Reinstall the compartment cover removed in Step #1d.
7) Figure 11.5 shows connections at the junction box end of the whip. Provide a dedicated circuit for the boiler with
at least one emergency shut-off switch located in accordance with applicable codes. The thermostat connections
provided are 120VAC. If a thermostat is directly connected to these leads, it and all intervening wiring, must be
suitable for use with 120VAC power. If it is desired to control the boiler with a low voltage thermostat, or other low
voltage control system, use a fan center to do so as shown in Figure 11.6
WARNING
Attempting to directly connect a low voltage thermostat and/or low voltage wiring to the orange
thermostat leads could cause property damage and/or create hazard of fire or electricutuion.
46
Figure 11.1: Accessing Electrical Connections
Field Supplied
J-Box End
Boiler End
Figure 11.2: “Whip”
47
Figure 11.3: Location of Terminal Blocks and 7/8 Hole for Whip
Figure 11.4: Electrical Connections Inside Control Box.
48
Figure 11.5: Field Wiring - 120VAC Thermostat
Figure 11.6: Field Wiring - 24V Thermostat Using Installer-Supplied Fan Center
49
Flue
thermostat
or
Safety
thermostat
wh
Electric supply
terminal block
Fan
Air pressure
switch
NC
Ignition
electrodes
Flame detection
electrode
NO
rd
External controls
terminal block
L
N
bn
M
3
2
1
COM
~
bn gnye
bk
bu
wh
rd
bu
wh
gy
gnye
bu
ye
wh bu
bk gy rd
gnye
rd
bu bn
gnye
gnye
ye bk wh gy bu
rd
rd
wh
or
bk
rd
wh
gy
bk
bk rd bu bu
bu
bk bk
gy gy
bn
gnyebu gy
bu wh rd rd rd
gy
wh
bu
bk
bk
rd
rd
bu
wh bk rd
3
1
M
rd
bu
COM
wh
t
rd
2
~
bk
M
bu
**D.h.w. bk
**NTC
t
**Three way
**diverter valve
~
NO
Prmary circuit
flow switch
bn - brown
bu - blue
bk - black
gn - green
gnye - green / yellow
gy - grey
or - orange
rd - red
wh - white
vt - violet
ye - yellow
gy
gy
bu
rd
**D.h.w.
**flow switch
gnye gy bu
C.h. temperature
probe NTC
Pump
Gas valve
*--- directly connected to the electronic ignition board
** - Not for model c.h. only
Caution: Label all wires prior to disconnection when
servicing controls. Wiring errors can cause
improper and dangerous operation.
Verify proper operation after servicing
Figure 11.7: Internal Boiler Wiring
50
XII Start-up and Checkout
NOTE
Safe lighting and other performance criteria were met with the gas train assembly provided
on the boiler when the boiler underwent the tests specified in Z21.13.
WARNING
Never attempt to fill a hot empty boiler
Use the following procedure for initial start-up of the boiler:
1) If not already done, flush the system to remove sediment and debris. This should be done with the boiler
isolated from the system.
2) Fill the boiler and hydronic system with water and purge the system of air. To do this:
a) Unscrew the cap on the automatic air vent by one turn and leave open permanently. This air vent is
located on top of the circulator (Figure 12.1).
b) Open the fill valve and pressurize the boiler to approximately 15psi
c) Bleed air out of each manual air vent in the system until a steady stream of water appears. Start with
the lowest manual vents in the system and work towards the highest. If a manual fill valve is used,
periodically add water to the system so that the pressure at the boiler is maintained at approximately
15 psi.
d) Remove the shaft cover screw on the front of the circulator (Figure 12.2). Using a screw driver,
manually spin the shaft in the direction of rotation shown on the pump until a small amount of water
appears at the end of the shaft. Replace the shaft cover screw.
e) At the end of the purging process, make sure that the pressure gauge on the boiler reads between 5
and 19 psi.
f) Make sure that a manual air vents are closed. If an automatic fill valve is used, make sure that it is set
to the automatic position.
Auto Air
Vent Cap
Figure 12.1: Location of Automatic Air Vent Cap
51
Shaft Screw Cover
Figure 12.2: Location of Circulator Shaft Cover
WARNING
•
•
Never use a flame to check for gas leaks.
Make sure that the area around the boiler is clear and free from combustible materials,
gasoline and other flammable vapors and liquids
CAUTION
Leaks in the hydronic system can result in the addition of excessive amounts of makeup water. This can cause severe damage to the boiler’s heat exchanger from corrosion or
calcium deposits. Repair any leaks in the system immediately.
3) Check all new water and gas piping for leaks and purge piping sections that are filled with air. Fix any
leaks found immediately. See the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1./NFPA 54 and/or CAN/CSA B 149.1
Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code, for additional information on testing and purging gas lines.
4) Vent system must be complete and free of obstructions before attempting to fire boiler.
5) Inspect all line voltage wiring for loose or uninsulated connections.
6) Start the boiler using the lighting instructions on page 56. After the power to the boiler is turned on:
a) Initiate a call for heat from the thermostat. Once this is done, Lamp 1 on the control panel (Figure
12.3) should flash every 4 seconds.
b) Rotate the Heating System Knob clockwise from “0” to the maximum supply water temperature
setting (at approximately 5:00) . Lamp 1 should then flash every two seconds and the boiler
should light after approximately 15 - 30 seconds. Once the boiler has lit, Lamps 1 and 3 will flash
continuously.
More information on the boiler controls and indicator lamps is presented in the Operation Section of this
manual. Note: On a new installation, there is a good chance that one of the following two problems will
occur:
•
The differential water pressure switch may not close. If this switch does not close after 180 seconds,
the boiler will lockout. Lamp #2 will stay on continuously and Lamp #1 will flash. If this happens, look
for air in the system or insufficient pressure drop across the boiler supply and return connections.
If the latter problem is suspected, close the throttle valve on the supply further. If no throttling valve
is present, make sure that the flow restrictor is installed (See Part IX). To reset the boiler, turn the
Heating System Knob to “0” for a few seconds and then return it to the max water temperature
setting.
52
Heating System Knob
Lamp 1
Lamp 2
Lamp 3
DHW
Thermostat
(Combi Only)
Flame Reset Button
Flame Lockout Lamp
Figure 12.3: Control Panel
•
The burner may not light on the first try. The most likely cause of this problem on a new installation
is a gas line that has not been completely purged. Other possibilities include inadequate inlet gas
pressure or a boiler that is configured for the wrong fuel. If the boiler does not light on the first try, it
will go into a lockout condition. When this happens, the Flame Lockout Lamp (Figure 12.3) will be
illuminated. In addition, Lamps 1 and 3 will flash and Lamp 2 will be on continuously. To reset the
boiler, push the Flame Reset Button shown in Figure 12.3 AND rotate the Heating System Knob back
to “0” for a few seconds.
7) Inspect the flame visible through the window. The flame should be stable and mostly blue (Fig.12.4).
No yellow tipping should be present; however, intermittent flecks of yellow and orange in the flame are
normal.
8) Check the inlet and manifold pressures. To do this, use the following procedure:
a) Remove the inner cover (figure 12.5). Note: this is necessary in order to read the manifold pressure
accurately because the gas valve regulator is referenced to the burner area.
Figure 12.4: Main Burner Flame
53
b) Loosen the screw in the gas inlet tap on the gas valve and connect a manometer (see Figure 12.6).
c) Make sure the boiler is at high fire. To do this:
•
•
On heat only boilers, make sure that the heating system knob is rotated fully clockwise and that
the supply temperature is less than 150F during the entire conduct of this test.
For combi units, rotate the DHW knob fully clockwise and open enough hot water fixtures to keep
the exiting hot water temperature under 110F during the entire conduct of this test.
d) Check the inlet pressure with all the MWC, and all other gas appliances turned on and off. The inlet
pressure at the boiler must be within the following limits regardless of what combination of appliances
is firing:
Inlet Press. (inches w.c.)
Minimum
Maximum
Natural Gas
5.6
10.5
LP Gas
10.4
13.0
If the inlet pressure falls outside of these limits, find and correct the cause of the problem before
proceeding further.
e) Connect a manometer to the manifold (outlet) pressure tap on the gas valve (Figure 12.6).
f) Read the high fire manifold pressure. It should be set at:
Manifold Press. (inches w.c.)
Natural Gas
4.8 +/-0.25” w.c.
LP Gas
10.3 +/- 0.50” w.c.
g) If an adjustment is necessary, pry the clear plastic cap off of the regulator. Turn the outer brass nut
clockwise to increase the manifold pressure or counter-clockwise to reduce the pressure.
h) Check the low fire manifold pressure. To do this, turn off the boiler and remove one of the modulation
leads (Figure 12.6). Turn the boiler back on. Read the low fire manifold pressure. It should be set at:
WARNING
The gas valve manifold pressures are factory set and should rarely need to be adjusted.
Failure to adjust the gas valve in strict accordance with these instructions could result in
unreliable operation, property damage, personal injury or death due to carbon monoxide
poisoning. When making adjustments, pay particular attention to the following precautions:
•
•
•
Be certain that the inlet pressure are within the limits shown before attempting to make
manifold pressure adjustments.
Be sure that the boiler is not modulating when making the high fire adjustment
Be sure to remove the inner cover before reading or adjusting the manifold pressure.
Model Number
MWC116ENL (Heat Only)
MWC116ELL (Heat Only)
MWC116ENT (Combi)
MWC116ELT (Combi)
Fuel
Natural
LP
Natural
LP
i)
L.F, Manifold Pressure (in w.c.)
2.2 +/- 0.10
4.8 +/- 0.10
1.0 +/-0.10
2.0 +/-0.10
If an adjustment is necessary, turn the inner black hex shaft clockwise to increase the manifold
pressure or counter-clockwise to reduce the pressure (Figure 12.7).
j) Turn off the boiler, reconnect the modulation lead removed in Step (h) and restart the boiler.
k) Recheck the manifold pressure at high fire
l) Recheck the inlet pressure
m) Replace the inner cover.
54
Figure 12.5: Inner Cover Removal
Manifold Pressure Tap
Inlet Pressure Tap
Modulation Leads
Figure 12.6: Gas Pressure Taps
High Fire Adjustment
(Outer Brass Nut)
Low Fire Adjustment
(Inner Hex Shaft)
Figure 12.7: Gas Pressure Adjustments (Pry Off Transparent Cover to Access)
55
MWC Series Lighting and Operating Instructions
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE OPERATING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or explosion may result
causing property damage, personal injury or loss of life.
--- If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the
fire department.
A This appliance does not have a pilot. It is
equipped with an ignition device which
automatically lights the burner. Do not try to
light the burner by hand.
B BEFORE OPERATING smell all around the
appliance area for gas. Be sure to smell next
to the floor because some gas is heavier than
air and will settle on the floor.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
--- Do not try to light any appliance.
--- Do not touch any electric switch; do not use
any phone in your building.
--- Immediately call your gas supplier from a
neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s
instructions.
C Use only your hand to push in or turn the gas
control knob.
Never use tools. If the knob will not push in or
turn by hand, don’t try to repair it, call a
qualified service technician.
Force or attempted repair may result in a fire
or explosion.
D Do not use this appliance if any part has been
under water. Immediately call a qualified
service technician to inspect the appliance and
to replace any part of the control system and
any gas control which has been under water.
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
operation light 1 (figure 1) will flash every 4
seconds (stand ---by condition).
9. If the boiler is to be used for c.h and d.h.w
position the function selector 2 as in figure 2.
The appliance operation light 1 will flash every
2 seconds (operating boiler).
Position the knobs 2 and 3 for the desired c.h.
and d.h.w. temperature (for detailed
information see the user manual).
10.If the boiler is to be used for d.h.w. only
position the function selector 2 as in figure 3.
The appliance operation light 1 will flash every
2 seconds (operating boiler).
Position the knob 3 for the desired d.h.w.
temperature (for detailed information see the
user manual).
11.If the appliance will not operate, follow the
instructions “To turn off gas to appliance” and
call your service technician or gas supplier.
1. STOP! Read the safety information above on
this label.
2. Turn off all electric power to the appliance.
3. Set the thermostat to lowest setting.
4. This appliance is equipped with an ignition
device which automatically lights the burner.
Do not try to light the burner by hand.
5. Close main gas shut off valve.
6. Wait five (5) minutes to clear out any gas.
Then smell for gas including near the floor. If
you smell gas STOP! Follow “B” in the safety
information above on this label.
If you don’t smell gas, go to next step.
7. Open the main gas shut off valve and the
valve on the domestic cold water inlet pipe.
8. Turn on the electricity supply to the boiler,
switching on the circuit breaker. The appliance
1
2
Figure 1
1
3 (Combi Only)
Figure 2
2
1
3 (Combi Only)
Figure 3
2
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
1. Turn off all electric power to the appliance if
service is to be performed.
3. Set the thermostat or other operating control
to lowest setting
4. Close the main gas gas shut off valve and the
valve on the domestic cold water inlet
pipe.
2. Turn the boiler off by setting the function
selector 2 to the position shown in figure 1.
56
9) Remove the monometer and make sure that the inlet and manifold pressure tap screws are closed
10) Check the entire gas train for leaks. Fix any leaks found immediately.
11) Run the gas valve safety shut-down test. With the boiler firing, close the gas cock upstream of the boiler.
The gas valve should close as soon as loss of flame is detected (within a few seconds of closing the gas
cock). The boiler should then make one attempt to relight before going into a hard lockout. To reset the
boiler, push the red reset button, rotate the heating system knob back to zero for a few seconds, then
rotate the heating system knob fully clockwise.
12) Run a combustion test with the boiler operating at high fire. CO2 or O2 readings should be reasonably
close to the values shown in Table 12.8. The CO level should be less than 50PPM. Consult the factory if
the CO level is exceeded or if the CO2 or O2 are significantly different from the valves shown.
Table 12.8: High Fire Combustion Readings
Fuel
Approx. O2 (%)
Approx. CO2 (%)
Maximum CO (PPM)
Natural Gas
9.7
6.3
50
Propane
9.5
7.5
50
13) Verify that the flue system is tight and securely assembled in accordance with the Venting section in this
manual.
14) Replace all jacket panels
15) After the boiler has operated for at least 30 minutes recheck the boiler and system for leaks. Repair ant
leaks found before leaving the boiler in operation.
16) Test any external limits or other controls in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
17) Verify that the boiler starts and stops in response to calls for heat from the heating thermostat/s. Make
sure that the appropriate circulators also start and stop in response to the thermostats.
18) Set the Heating System Knob and the DHW knob for the desired target supply and DHW temperatures
(see the Operation section for more information on how to do this).
57
XIII Operation
Heating System Knob
Lamp 1
Lamp 2
Lamp 3
DHW
Thermostat
(Combi Only)
Flame Reset Button
Flame Lockout Lamp
Figure 13.1: Control Panel
Figure 13.1 shows the control panel for the MWC boiler. The purpose of the adjustments and lamps on this panel are
as follows:
1) Lamps 1, 2, 3 - These lamps show the status of the boiler by lighting and/or flashing in various combinations.
Table 13.4 shows lamp codes that will be seen during normal operation. Lamp codes indicating a problem are
shown in Section XV.
2) Heating System Knob - A detail of the heating system knob is shown in Figure 13.2. This knob has three discrete
settings:
•
•
•
Off - Boiler will not respond to a call for heat or domestic hot water (DHW). The boiler will fire, if necessary,
to protect itself from freezing. In addition, it will operate the circulator and the 3-way valve for a few seconds
every 24 hours to prevent these devices from sticking.
The “Off” setting is also used to reset the boiler after it experiences a lockout. To reset the boiler, rotate the
Heating System Knob to “Off” for a few seconds and then return it to its original position (if the lockout is due
to a loss of flame, it will ALSO be necessary push the Flame Reset Button).
Summer Operation (Combi Only) - Boiler will not respond to a call for heat from the heating thermostat, but
will respond to a call for DHW.
Target Supply Temperature Setting - When the Heating System Knob is rotated clockwise to any position
from “Off” the boiler will respond to a call for heat. During the call for heat, the boiler will attempt to maintain
a “target” supply temperature. This target supply temperature can bet set anywhere between 100F and 178F
(Figure 13.2) .
3) DHW Thermostat (Combi Boilers Only) - This knob determines the target domestic hot water (DHW) temperature.
It is adjustable from 95F to 131F (Figure 13.3). If a call for heat is present at the same time as a call for DHW, the
call for DHW has priority; no heat will be delivered to the heating system until the call for DHW is satisfied.
4) Flame Reset Button - This button is used to reset the boiler in the event that it locks out due to failure to establish
a flame. In addition to pressing this button, it is also necessary to rotate the Heating System Knob back to “0” for a
few seconds to reset the boiler.
5) Flame Lockout Lamp - Illuminates if the boiler locks out due to failure to establish a flame.
58
Target Supply Temp = 100F
Off
Summer Operation
Target Supply Temp = 178F
Figure 13.2: Heating System Knob
NOTE
Since a room thermostat will almost always be used to initiate a call for heat (either directly or
through zone controls), it is generally recommended that the Heating System Knob be left at
the appropriate Target Supply Temperature year round.
95F Target DHW Temp
131F Target DHW Temp
Figure 13.3: Domestic Hot Water (DHW) Thermostat
WARNING
The domestic water thermostat on the Maui is not intended to serve as a scald protection device.
Under certain conditions, it is possible for the DHW temperature to climb significantly above the
DHW Thermostat set point. Like all domestic water heaters, the MWC is capable of generating
water that is hot enough to cause injury or death due to scalding. To minimize the risk of scalding:
•
•
•
Set domestic hot water (DHW) thermostat as low as possible (see the Start-up Section of this
manual for the location of this thermostat.
Feel water before showering or bathing.
If anti-scald or anti-chill protection is required, use devices specifically designed for such
service. Install and maintain these devices in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
59
Sequence of Operation
(Also Refer to Figures 9.7, 9.8, 10.3, 11.7)
1) Upon a call for heat from the room thermostat, the circulator is started.
2) If the differential pressure switch connected between the supply and return sees a pressure in excess of 5.1 ft
w.c., it closes, allowing the start sequence to continue. If the switch does not see 5.1ft w.c. after 180seconds, the
boiler goes into lockout.
3) If the common and normally closed contacts on the air pressure switch are made, the inducer starts.
4) The air pressure switch measures the difference between the combustion air pressure in the cabinet and the
negative pressure generated at a venturi located in the inducer discharge. In this way it measures the air flow
through the boiler. If the pressure across the air pressure switch exceeds approximately 0.64” w.c., the switch will
close. If the air pressure does not close after 4 minutes of inducer operation, the boiler will go into lockout.
5) After the air pressure switch closes, current can pass through the normally closed supply water and flue gas
safety limits to the ignition module, initiating a call for burner operation.
6) The ignition module generates an ignition spark and opens the valve. The presence of flame is detected through
a separate flame rod. If no flame is detected after 10 seconds, the boiler will go into lockout. If the flame is proven
and this proof is subsequently lost at any point during the burner cycle, the boiler will attempt to re-light once, then
go into lockout.
7) When responding to a call for heat, the boiler will attempt to maintain the target supply temperature selected by
the Heating System Knob. The boiler does this by monitoring the supply temperature sensor shown in Figure
9.7/9.8 and modulating the input based on the difference between the current supply temperature and the
target supply temperature. Modulation is achieved by varying a 0-24VDC voltage across a coil on the gas valve
regulator (0V=minimum input).
8) If the supply water temperature exceeds the target supply temperature while the call for heat is present, the
burner will shut down and the circulator will continue to run. The burner will relight when the supply temperature
drops below the target temperature.
9) If the supply temperature exceeds 221F (which should never happen unless there is a problem with the supply
sensor), the manual reset supply water high limit will open.
10) If the condensate trap becomes blocked, the condensate level will rise to the point where it covers two electrical
contacts: a contact connected to ground, and a contact in the flame rod lead. The condensate will complete an
electrical circuit between these two contacts, grounding out the unrectified flame signal. This will be detected by
the ignition module as a loss of flame and result in a lockout.
11) If the flue temperature exceeds 248F, the manual reset supply water high limit will open. This protects the PPs
venting from excessive temperatures.
12) When responding to a call for heat, combi boilers use exactly the same sequence of operation as heat-only
models. When a combi boiler receives a call for domestic hot water (DHW), it responds as follows:
a) The flow switch shown in Figure 11.7 detects a call for DHW draw when a hot water fixture is opened having
a flow rate in excess of approximately 0.5 GPM.
b) The main control drives the 3-way diverting valve so that all boiler water flow is directed though the plate heat
exchanger.
c) If not already running, the circulator starts
d) The boiler fires after going through the same start sequence described in steps (3-6) above.
e) The boiler monitors the exiting DHW temperature using the sensor shown in Figure 11.7. The boiler’s
microprocessor control determines the target boiler supply temperature that is needed to meet the DHW
demand and modulates the input accordingly.
60
Table 13.4: Flash Codes During Normal Operation
(See Part XV for Error Codes)
Lamp Number
Meaning
1
2
3
(Short pulse every 4 seconds): Heating System Knob in
“Off” position. Boiler will not respond to call for heat or
DHW. Frost protection and pump/valve exercise function
still active
(1 second pulse every 2 seconds): Heating System Knob
set to target supply temperature. Boiler will respond to a
call for heat.
Boiler responding to a call for heat
Boiler responding to a call for DHW
Boiler responding to a call for frost protection
Lamp OFF
Lamp ON
Flashing lamp, alone Flashing lamp,
alternate with
or simultaneously
another lamp
with another lamp.
61
XIV. Service and Maintenance
IMPORTANT
Warranty does not cover boiler damage or malfunction if the following steps are not
performed at the intervals specified.
1) Continuously:
a) Keep the area around the boiler free from combustible materials, gasoline and other flammable vapors
and liquids.
b) Keep the area around the combustion air inlet terminal free from contaminates .
c) Keep the boiler room ventilation openings open and unobstructed.
2) Monthly Inspections:
a) Inspect the vent system to verify that it is open, unobstructed and free from leakage or deterioration.
Call the service technician to make repairs if needed.
b) Inspect the condensate drain system to verify it is leak tight, open and unobstructed. Call the service
technician if the condensate drain system requires maintenance.
c) Inspect the water and gas lines to verify they are free from leaks. Call the service technician to make
repairs if required.
d) Check the pressure on the boiler and make sure that it is approximately 15psi. If the pressure is less
than 5psi, add water to bring the pressure up to 15psi.
CAUTION
Water leaks can cause severe corrosion damage to the boiler or other system components. Immediately repair any leaks found.
3) Annual Inspections and Service: In addition to the inspections listed above the following should be
performed by a qualified service technician once every year:
a) Follow the procedure for turning the boiler off found in the MWC Series Lighting and Operating
Instructions.
b) Inspect the wiring to verify the conductors are in good condition and attached securely.
c) Access the combustion chamber. To do this remove the front and side jacket panels as shown in
Figure 11.1 Remove the inner cover as shown in Figure 12.5. Remove the Combustion Chamber
cover as shown in Figure 14.1.
d) Inspect the fins on the primary heat exchanger. If any dirt is observed on the fins, cover the burner to
protect it from falling debris and clean the heat exchanger with a soft brush.
CAUTION
Label all wires prior to disconnection when servicing controls. Wiring errors can cause
improper and dangerous operation. Verify proper operation after servicing.
62
Figure 14.1: Removing Combustion Chamber Cover
WARNING
Soot deposits in the flue passages are a sign that the boiler may be operating at high carbon
monoxide (CO) levels. After cleaning the boiler of soot deposits, check the CO level in the flue gas
to insure that the boiler is operating properly.
If it is necessary to check CO, use a combustion analyzer, or other instrument which is designed
to measure CO in flue gas (see Start-up section). A CO “sniffer” designed for testing CO levels in
ambient air cannot be used to check boiler combustion.
A normal CO reading for an MWC series boiler is less than 50ppm (0.005%). A higher reading is
indicative of a combustion problem.
Some causes of excessive CO include:
• Incorrectly sized or drilled burner orifice
• Partially plugged flue passages
• Improper manifold pressure
• Partial blockage of vent or intake system
• Foreign material in burner venturis or burner ports
• Disconnected regulator reference tube
• Damaged fan impeller or housing
• Damaged or missing inducer or flue gas gaskets
• Distorted or missing combustion chamber or flue collector components.
• Flue gas recirculation in damaged or improperly assembled concentric venting
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
l.
m.
n.
o.
Inspect the burner ports for debris. The burner can be cleaned with a soft brush. If the burner shows signs of
deterioration, replace it.
Inspect the electrodes and flame rod for deposits. Clean as necessary.
Disconnect and remove the inducer from the boiler. The inducer is equipped with sealed ball bearings and
does not require lubrication. Inspect the impeller and the pressure switch venturi (Figure 14.2) for dirt or
debris. Clean as necessary with a soft brush.
Inspect the secondary (stainless steel) heat exchanger coil for debris. Clean as necessary by flushing with
clean water. A soft nylon brush may be used in accessible areas. Drain and flush the inside of the heat
exchanger and condensate collector as required. Do not use any cleaning agents or solvents.
Reinstall the inducer. If either of the inducer gaskets show signs of deterioration, replace them.
Inspect the vent system and terminal for obstructions and clean as necessary.
For direct vent appliances, proper reassembly and resealing of the vent-air intake system.
Inspect internal boiler piping for leaks and/or deteriorating gaskets. Repair as necessary.
Remove, inspect, and clean the condensate trap (Figure 14.3). Disconnect the wires from the trap. Use
pliers to compress the spring clip on the drain hose (the hose leading from the secondary heat exchanger)
and slide it upwards. Disconnect the drain hose from the trap. After removing the condensate trap from the
boiler, disassemble the trap in a tray or pan, being careful to note the way in which the float ball and
float ball
retainer fit into the trap. Flush all parts of the trap with water and reassemble. Reinstall the trap on the boiler.
Reinstall the combustion chamber cover, inner cover, and all jacket panels and any wiring removed during
the inspection/.cleaning process.
Perform the start-up and checkout procedure described in Section XII of this manual.
63
Service Notes
1) Orifice Size – Sea level orifice sizes are:
Natural Gas – 1.30 mm
LP Gas – 0.85 mm
Consult your Crown representative for correct orifice sizes for use at altitudes above 2000 ft. Orifice for this boiler
cannot be drilled in the field.
2) Operating the Boiler with Inner Cover Removed – For inspection and troubleshooting purposes, this boiler may
be started and run with the Inner Cover (Figure 12.5) removed.
3) Pressure Switch – If necessary, the air pressure switch signal may be read using a slant tube or electronic
monometer connected across the taps on top of the boiler (Figure 14.4). The N.O. contacts on the pressure
switch make, allowing the boiler to fire, when the switch signal exceeds the “make setting” shown below. Once
the switch is made, the boiler will fire as long as the pressure at the switch is above the “break setting” shown
below. It is normal for the pressure reading across the switch to drop as the boiler heats up.
Make Setting - 0.64 w.c.
Break Setting - 0.59 w.c.
4) Limit Reset Buttons - Manual reset buttons for the flue temperature and supply water limits are located on the
top of the boiler as shown in Figure 14.4. To access the buttons, unscrew the plastic covers.
WARNING
•
•
Do not leave the boiler in service with the Inner Cover removed.
Do not attempt to fire this boiler with the Combustion Chamber Cover (Fig. 14.1) removed
Neg. Pressure Tap
Venturi
Figure 14.2: Inducer
64
Spring Clip
Condensate Trap
Figure 14.3: Condensate Trap Removal
Figure 14.4: Location of Pressure Switch Taps and Limit Reset Buttons
65
XV. Troubleshooting
WARNING
Turn off power to boiler before replacing fuses or working on wiring.
Table 15.1: No Error Code Displayed
CONDITION
POSSIBLE CAUSES
Boiler does not run, no lights are on or flashing
• No 120VAC Power at boiler. Check breaker and wiring
between breaker panel and boiler
• Fuse on main PCB is blown (Figure 15.2). Check for short in
boiler wiring, then replace with an idenitcal 4.0A fuse.
Lamp 1 flashes every two seconds, but boiler does not
respond to a call for heat.
• Problem with thermostat or zone wiring
Combi boiler does not respond to a call for domestic hot water
(DWH).
• Domestic draw less than 0.5GPM
• Defective flow switch (LED inside flow switch will glow red
when it resonds to a call for DHW).
• Inlet and outlet connections reversed.
Combi boiler responds to a call for DHW, but hot water output
is inadequate.
• Draw rate is in excess of that shown in Table 2.2
• Inlet and/or manifold pressures incorrect (see Start-up
Section).
• Plate heat exchanger is fouled.
• DHW filter is dirty
Boiler responds to a call for heat, but room temperature never
gets high enough to satisfy room thermostat
• Air in radiation
• Inlet and/or manifold pressures incorrect (see Start-up
Section).
• No flow, or insuffient flow, through system.
• Boiler is undersized.
• Insufficient radiation
Boiler short cycles AND heat (or DHW) output is inadequate
• Flue gas recirculation into combustion air
• See causes for inadequate heat or DHW above
Fuse
Line Voltage Connections
Figure 15.2: Fuse Location
66
Table 15.3: Error Codes
Lamp Number
1
2
3
Flame
L.O.
Lamp
Meaning
Differential Water Pressure
Switch Failed to Close After
180s
Failure to Establish Flame
or
Blocked Condensate Trap
or
Reversed Line Voltage
Polarity
(Note: LED #2 will not
illuminate until error has
been present for 4 minutes)
Corrective Action
Reset the boiler by turning the Heating System Knob to “0”
for a few seconds, then returning it to its original position.
Then:
• Verify that that boiler and system are purged of air
• Verify that there is at least 4.5psi at the boiler
gauge
• Verify that cirulator is running
• Close the throttling valve on the supply more or
install flow restrictor in supply (see piping section)
Reset the boiler by turning the Heating System Knob to “0”
for a few seconds then returning it to its original position.
Push Flame Reset Button. Then verify that:
• Gas line is purged of air (new installations)
• Inlet gas and manifold pressures are correct (see
Start-up Section)
• Manifold pressure is correct (see Start-up section)
• Electrodes have a gap of 0.149” – 0.157”
• Electrodes, flame rod, and wiring are in good
condition
• Condensate trap is draining correctly
• 120VAC exists between the hot (brown)
connection and ground and not between the
neutral (blue) and ground.
Air Pressure Switch Problem
or
Supply Limit Open
or
Use the flow chart in this section to diagnose the exact
Flue Gas Limit Open
problem.
(Note: LED #2 will not
illuminate until error has
been present for 4 minutes)
Defective Supply Sensor
Defective DHW Sensor
Replace Supply Sensor
Replace DHW Sensor
Excessive Temperature on
Primary Circuit
Consult Factory
Consult Factory
Consult Factory
Lamp OFF
Lamp ON
Flashing lamp, alone Flashing lamp,
alternate with
or simultaneously
another lamp
with another lamp.
67
Figure 15.4 Flow Chart for Isolating Limit and APS Errors (See Table 15.3)
Push reset button on Flue Temp Limit
(Fig 14.4)
Reset Boiler
Reset Boiler
Does Boiler
Start?
Push reset button on Supply Temp
Limit (Fig 14.4)
N
Does Boiler
Start?
Y
N
Y
Flue Temp Limit was open and
will probably open again. Look
for:
Supply Temp Limit was open and will probably
open again. Look for:
* Fouled flue passages
* Manifold pressure too high
* Incorrect Burner Orifice
Reset Boiler
Does Inducer
(Fan) start before
error code
reappears?
* A problem with the supply sensor
* Water-side blockage in one of the boiler heat
exchangers or internal boiler piping
Is 120VAC present
across Inducer?
N
Y
N
Y
* Defective Inducer
Air pressure switch is not proving airflow:
* Blockage in Vent or Intake
* Vent system too long or undersized (see Vent Section)
* Condensate in pressure switch tubing
* Leaking or kinked pressure switch tubing
* Blockage in primary or secondary heat exchanger
* Fouled Inducer Venturi
* Defective air pressure switch
Air switch stuck in closed position:
* Condensate in pressure switch tubing
* Kinked pressure switch tubing
* Defective air pressure switch
68
XVI Parts
The following parts may be obtained from any Crown distributor. To find the closest Crown distributor,
consult the area Crown representative or the factory at:
Crown Boiler Co.
Customer Service
P.O. Box 14818
Philadelphia, PA 19134
www.crownboiler.com
C.h. return group and d.h.w. heat exchanger (Model combi)
13
20
12
16
15
11
18
19
15
14
1
2
17
3
5*
6
7
8
9
10
* Includes items 1, 12, 19
69
4
C.h. flow group and three way diverter valve (Model combi)
21
22
23 (upper part)
20
17
24
27
25*
4
26
18
36
20
7
26
10
33
8
27
9
28
24
29
30 31 32
34
35
23 (lower part)
20
7
* Includes items 23, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 20, 36
70
C.h. flow and return groups (Model c.h. only)
61
146
10
36
7
2
20
3
147*
28
27
29
145
30 31 32
7
26
8
9
8
33
7
9
34
35
* Includes items 20, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 36
71
Pump and main circuit assembly (Model combi)
37
63
64
7
38
62
38
39
40
39
44
41
42
61
45
48
60
65
46
58
41
40
49
50
43
47
44
59
41
58
7
3
57
7
51
56
53
55
54
72
52
Pump and main circuit assembly (Model c.h. only)
37
63
64
7
38
62
38
39
40
39
44
41
42
61
45
48
148
60
46
58
41
40
49
50
43
47
44
59
41
58
7
3
149
51
56
53
55
7
54
73
52
Gas assembly
78
41
66
7
67
77
68
76
7
69
70
73
75
71
72
7
74
74
Connection pipes
7
10*
7
10*
7
79
80*
81
80*
79
* Not for model c.h. only
75
Control panel and ignition device (Model combi)
72
97
82
72
72
83
96
72
95
94
72
53
93
84
85
92
91
77
90
89
88
87
76
86
Control panel and ignition device (Model c.h. only)
72
97
82
72
72
83
96
72
95
94
72
53
93
84
85
92
91
77
150
89
88
87
77
86
Wiring (Model combi)
98
113
99
100
101
105
113
113
99
102
77
103
109
104
100
107
105
71
106
107
108
108
112
101
102
103
111
108
110
78
109
Wiring (Model c.h. only)
98
113
99
100
101
105
113
113
99
102
77
103
109
104
100
105
71
106
152
151
151
112
101
102
103
111
151
110
79
109
Fan, combustion chamber and case panels
114
140
140
141
115
139
138
116
77
77
142
137
117
72
143
136
118
144
135
119
133
120
132
134
131
121
77
130
122
129
77
122
123
77
77
121
77
128
127
126
80
125
124
Key no.
Description
Spare part code
1
O-ring gasket 1,78x15,6
BI1001 131
2
Drainage valve
BI1011 104
3
O-ring gasket 17,04x4,00 mm
BI1212 112
4
Screw M5x25 mm - Hexagon socket cap
BI1131 107
5
Return group kit (Model combi)
BI1271 504
6
Domestic water restrictor
BI1271 102
7
Flat gasket 3/4"
BI1001 108
8
Toothed lock washer external 6,4 mm
BI1001 124
9
Screw M6x8 mm - BZP RPH
BI1001 123
10
Flat gasket 1/2"
BI1001 106
11
Flow limiter 10 Litres/min
BI1091 102
11A
Flow limiter 12 Litres/min
BI1091 103
11B
Flow limiter 14 Litres/min
BI1161 101
12
Magnetic flow switch and filter kit
BI1271 501
13
D.h.w. flow switch
BI1271 101
14
Exchanger Domestic Hot Water
BI1001 102
15
O-ring gasket 1,78x12,42 mm by-pass pipe
BI1001 115
16
By-pass pipe (Model combi)
BI1271 100
17
O-ring gasket 18,64x3,53 mm
KI1043 144
18
By-pass pipe fixing fork
BI1001 111
19
O-ring gasket 1,78x14 mm
BI1001 129
20
O-ring gasket 2,62x23,47 mm
BI1011 107
21
Diverter valve actuator
BI1201 100
22
Diverter valve actuator fixing spring
BI1101 101
23
Diverter valve kit
BI1141 501
24
O-ring gasket 2,7x13,6 mm
BI1011 117
25
Flow group kit (Model combi)
BI1251 503
26
O-ring gasket 9,25x1,78 mm (NTC)
KI1001 128
27
Temperature probe (special)
BI1001 117
28
Central heating pressure switch membrane
BI1011 103
29
Central heating pressure switch disk
BI1011 111
30
Central heating pressure switch spring
BI1011 110
31
Screw M4x12 mm Stainless steel SCH
BI1011 109
32
Microswitch guide bush
BI1011 502
33
Microswitch kit
BI1011 505
34
Microswitch box fixing clip
BI1011 105
35
Screw 2,9x13 mm AB self tapping BZP - RCH
BI1011 108
36
By-pass kit
BI1141 505
37
Condensing heat exchanger
BI1262 122
38
O-ring gasket 2,62x17.86 mm
BI1262 112
39
Condensing heat exchanger connection clip
BI1172 101
40
Connection spring
BI1262 117
41
Grommet
BI1002 113
42
Condensate discharge pipe
BI1262 110
43
Condensate trap (withdrawn)
BI1262 118
44
O-ring gasket 1,9X16 mm
BI1262 114
45
Main exchanger
BI1262 135
46
O-ring gasket 17,04x3,53
KI1043 114
81
Key no.
Description
Spare part code
47
Main exchanger connection clip
BI1182 106
48
Condensing heat exchanger inlet pipe
BI1262 136
49
Automatic air purger valve
BI1212 107
50
Pump connection fork
BI1262 116
51
Fork
BI1262 120
52
Fork
KI1042 101
53
Fork
KI1042 115
54
Screw 5X16
BI1262 115
55
Pump (complete)
BI1262 137
56
Pump gasket
BI1172 113
57
Main exchanger outlet pipe (Model combi)
BI1262 138
58
Probe holder
BI1105 108
59
O-ring gasket 2,62X9,92 mm
BI1262 113
60
Expansion vessel connection pipe
BI1262 134
61
Flat gasket 3/8" O.D 15 mm, i.d. 8.5 mm
BI1202 105
62
Condensing heat exchanger outlet pipe
BI1262 107
63
Expansion vessel
BI1182 105
64
Safety valve 30 psi
BI1262 133
65
Safety valve connection pipe (Model combi)
BI1262 132
66
Injectors with gaskets 130 - NG
BI1203 502
66A
Injectors with gaskets 85 - LPG
BI1203 503
67
Burner
BI1203 103
68
Detection electrode
BI1123 102
69
Ignition electrode - right
BI1123 103
70
Ignition electrode - left
BI1123 101
71
Grommet
BI1002 115
72
Tapping screw 3,5x9,5 mm recessed pan head
BI1013 115
73
Taptite screw M4x8 mm Recessed pan head
BI1013 111
74
Screw self tapping 3,9x9,5 mm type AB Recessed Pan Head
BI1013 112
75
Gas valve
BI1203 104
76
Gas pipe to the manifold
BI1203 105
77
Tapping Screw ISO No8 B 4,2x9,5 Recessed Pan Head
BI1013 110
78
Gas manifold with injectors NG
BI1183 105
78A
Gas manifold with injectors LPG
BI1203 106
79
C.h. connection pipe
BI1124 120
80
D.h.w. and d.c.w. connection pipe
BI1124 118
81
Gas connection pipe
BI1124 119
82
Full sequence control device
BI1555 109
83
Fan and APS device
BI1555 108
84
Temperature-pressure gauge
BI1555 111
85
O-ring gasket 1,78 x 6,75 mm
BI1475 119
86
Cover panel
BI1555 112
87
Knob
BI1555 113
88
Shaft
BI1475 105
89
Control panel plug
BI1475 110
90
Control panel box (Model combi)
BI1555 114
91
Cable holder
KI1066 208
92
Terminal block
BI1475 109
82
Key no.
Description
Spare part code
93
Screw 3,5x16 mm self tap RPH
BI1165 101
94
Electronic control - ignition p.c.b.
BI1555 107
95
Fuse 2AF
BI1165 112
96
Service panel cover
BI1475 111
97
Control panel cover
BI1475 112
98
Screw 3,5X9,5 mm self tap RPH
BI1615 104
99
Flame detection electrode cable
BI1615 111
100
Detection to trap wiring
BI1615 108
101
Full nut M5 Hexagon
BI1035 111
102
Toothed lock washer external 5,3x10 mm stainless
BI1035 110
103
Machine Screw M5x10 mm Recessed Pan Head
BI1035 109
104
Trap to earth wiring
BI1615 102
105
Ignition electrode cable
BI1615 112
106
Ignition electrode cable
BI1615 110
107
Pump-diverter valve cable (Model combi)
BI1615 113
108
Flow switches, temp. probes and modulator cable (Model combi)
BI1615 115
109
Ignition p.c.b. cable
BI1615 109
110
Electronic control p.c.b.-fan and APS device connection cable
BI1615 114
111
Power supply and external control cable
BI1615 116
112
Earth wiring
BI1615 117
113
Fan cable
BI1615 107
114
Flue pipe gasket
BI1016 104
115
Air restrictor d. 82 mm
BI1406 124
116
Flue outlet gasket
BI1406 112
117
Wall mounting plate
BI1124 104
118
Air pressure switch
BI1406 125
119
Venturi device tube
BI1256 101
120
Air deflector - right
BI1406 114
121
Side case panel
BI1416 100
122
Combustion chamber side panel
BI1326 100
123
Combustion chamber front panel
BI1406 119
124
Front case panel
BI1406 127
125
Window (glass + rubber frame)
BI1206 118
126
Sealed chamber lid
BI1406 105
127
Screw 4,8x13 mm AB self tapping RPH BZP
BI1336 114
128
Sealed chamber gaskets kit
BI1406 500
129
Combustion chamber rear panel
BI1326 108
130
Fan holder bracket
BI1406 120
131
Fan inlet gasket
BI1406 111
132
Fan
BI1406 126
133
Wire saddle
BI1406 123
134
Flue hood
BI1406 122
135
Fan outlet gasket
BI1406 113
136
Venturi
BI1406 128
137
Flue pressure switch tube
BI1016 107
138
Air switch pressure test point
BI1036 101
139
Overheat thermostat
BI1262 139
140
Screw M4x5 mm - BZP RPH
BI1406 117
83
Key no.
Description
Spare part code
141
Flue thermostat
BI1262 104
142
Twin flue cover plate
BI1366 114
143
Gasket - Air intake twin kit
BI1016 101
144
Air restrictor d. 45 mm
BI1406 129
145
Return group (Model c.h. only)
BI1171 107
146
By-pass pipe (Model c.h. only)
BI1171 106
147
Flow group kit (Model c.h. only)
BI1171 103
148
Safety valve connection pipe (Model c.h. only)
BI1262 140
149
Main exchanger outlet pipe (Model c.h. only)
BI1262 141
150
Control panel box (Model c.h. only)
BI1555 115
151
Flow switch, temp. probe and modulator cable (Model c.h. only)
BI1615 118
152
Pump cable (Model c.h. only)
BI1615 119
Appendix A: Special Requirements For Side-Wall Vented Appliances
In The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
IMPORTANT
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts requires compliance with regulation 248 CMR 4.00 and 5.00 for
installation of side-wall vented gas appliances as follows:
(a) For all side wall horizontally vented gas fueled equipment installed in every dwelling, building or structure used in whole or in part for residential purposes, including those owned or operated by the Commonwealth and where the side wall exhaust vent termination is less than seven (7) feet above finished
grade in the area of the venting, including but not limited to decks and porches, the following requirements shall be satisfied:
1. INSTALLATION OF CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS.
At the time of installation of the side wall horizontal vented gas fueled equipment, the installing plumber
or gasfitter shall observe that a hard wired carbon monoxide detector with an alarm and battery back-up
is installed on the floor level where the gas equipment is to be installed. In addition, the installing plumber
or gasfitter shall observe that a battery operated or hard wired carbon monoxide detector with an alarm is
installed on each additional level of the dwelling, building or structure served by the side wall horizontal
vented gas fueled equipment. It shall be the responsibility of the property owner to secure the services of
qualified licensed professionals for the installation of hard wired carbon monoxide detectors.
a. In the event that the side wall horizontally vented gas fueled equipment is installed in a crawl space
or an attic, the hard wired carbon monoxide detector with alarm and battery back-up may be installed
on the next adjacent floor level.
b. In the event that the requirements of this subdivision can not be met at the time of completion of
installation, the owner shall have a period of thirty (30) days to comply with the above requirements;
provided, however, that during said thirty (30) day period, a battery operated carbon monoxide detector with an alarm shall be installed.
84
2. APPROVED CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS.
Each carbon monoxide detector as required in accordance with the above provisions shall comply with
NFPA 720 and be ANSI/UL 2034 listed and IAS certified.
3. SIGNAGE.
A metal or plastic identification plate shall be permanently mounted to the exterior of the building at a minimum height of eight (8) feet above grade directly in line with the exhaust vent terminal for the horizontally
vented gas fueled heating appliance or equipment. The sign shall read, in print size no less than one-half
(1/2) inch in size, “GAS VENT DIRECTLY BELOW. KEEP CLEAR OF ALL OBSTRUCTIONS”.
4. INSPECTION.
The state or local gas inspector of the side wall horizontally vented gas fueled equipment shall not approve
the installation unless, upon inspection, the inspector observes carbon monoxide detectors and signage
installed in accordance with the provisions of 248 CMR 5.08(2)(a)1 through 4.
(b) EXEMPTIONS: The following equipment is exempt from 248 CMR 5.08(2)(a)1 through 4:
1. The equipment listed in Chapter 10 entitled “Equipment Not Required To Be Vented” in the most current edition of NFPA 54 as adopted by the Board;
2. Product Approved side wall horizontally vented gas fueled equipment installed in a room or structure
separate from the dwelling, building or structure used in whole or in part for residential purposes.
(c) MANUFACTURER REQUIREMENTS - GAS EQUIPMENT VENTING SYSTEM PROVIDED. When the
manufacturer of Product Approved side wall horizontally vented gas equipment provides a venting
system design or venting system components with the equipment, the instructions provided by the
manufacturer for installation of the equipment and the venting system shall include:
1. Detailed instructions for the installation of the venting system design or the venting system components; and
2. A complete parts list for the venting system design or venting system.
(d) MANUFACTURER REQUIREMENTS - GAS EQUIPMENT VENTING SYSTEM NOT PROVIDED.
When the manufacturer of a Product Approved side wall horizontally vented gas fueled equipment does
not provide the parts for venting the flue gases, but identifies “special venting systems”, the following
requirements shall be satisfied by the manufacturer:
1. The referenced “special venting system” instructions shall be included with the appliance or equipment installation instructions; and
2. The “special venting systems” shall be Product Approved by the Board, and the instructions for that
system shall include a parts list and detailed installation instructions.
(e) A copy of all installation instructions for all Product Approved side wall horizontally vented gas fueled
equipment, all venting instructions, all parts lists for venting instructions, and/or all venting design instructions shall remain with the appliance or equipment at the completion of the installation.
85

11/07
2008
Manufacturer of Hydronic Heating Products
P.O. Box 14818 3633 I. Street
Philadelphia, PA 19134
Tel: (215) 535-8900 • Fax: (215) 535-9736 • www.crownboiler.com
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