Elementary-Interschool

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

This document has been produced by Ophea, in partnership with the Ontario School Boards’ Insurance Exchange (OSBIE), the Ontario Association for the Supervision of Physical and Health Education (OASPHE), the Canadian Intramural Recreation Association - Ontario (CIRA), and the Ontario Federation of School Athletic Associations (OFSAA).

Module III: Physical Education Interschool Safety Guidelines, is based on the guidelines established in Module I: Physical Education Curricular Safety Guidelines. We would like to thank the members of the writing team for their dedication and hard work. Their considerable effort throughout the lengthy writing, validation and rewriting process reflects their sincere concern for student safety in physical education.

SUE AMOS

Program Coordinator

Halton District School Board

BOB SOROKO

Elementary Administrator

Halton Catholic District School Board

PAT LEITH

Secondary Teacher

Trillium Lakelands District School

WES MCCONNELL

Coordinator of Secondary School Athletics

Thames Valley District School Board

KATE O’CONNOR

Elementary Administrator

Durham Catholic District School Board

RICK LEROUX

Secondary Teacher

Simcoe District School Board

MICHELLE ABREU

Ontario Physical and Health Education Association

Thanks to the many school boards which have supported this initiative. Thanks also go to the partnering organizations which provided representation to the project Advisory

Committee. Special thanks to David Massey, the chairperson of the Safety Advisory Committee for facilitating the necessary partnerships that made this initiative possible and also to Jeffrey Strype for his legal advice and counsel during the development process of this initiative.

Inquiries can be addressed to: Ophea, 1185 Eglinton Ave. E., Suite 501, North York, ON M3C 3C6 • tel (416)426-7120 • fax (416)426-7373 • e-mail: [email protected]

or visit: www.ophea.net

DISCLAIMER

This guideline has been developed to assist school boards in their formulation of site-specific safety guidelines for interschool sports programs and are, to the best of Ophea’s knowledge, based upon the most current knowledge and experience available in Canada.

Implementation of safety guidelines should, in all cases, be preceded by a close review of these guidelines and appropriate modifications made on the part of each school board in order to meet the specific requirements and circumstances of their respective schools and programs. Ophea accepts no responsibility for the implementation and customization of these guidelines.

copyright © 1999

Acknowledgements

Disclaimer

Index

Background

Intent of the Provincial Safety Guidelines for

Interschool Athletics Programs

Impact and Scope of this Document

A) Generic Issues

B) Specific Components

Guidelines

Equipment

Clothing and Footwear

Facilities

Special Rules/Instructions

Supervision

Coaching Qualifications

Coach’s Role and Responsibilities

Player’s Role and Responsibilities

B

Badminton

Ball Hockey/Cosom Hockey

Basketball

Bowling

Broomball

C

Cheerleading (Acrobatic)

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

INDEX

Cheerleading (Spirit, Dance)

Cricket

Cross-Country Running /Orienteering

Cross-Country Skiing

Curling

D

Dragon Boating

F

Fastball

Field Hockey

Football (Flag, Touch)

G

Golf

Gymnastics

-Parallel Bars, High Bars, Still Rings,

Uneven Parallel Bars, Floor, Balance Beam,

Pommel Horse, Vault

H

Handball

I

Ice Hockey

L

Lacrosse (Field)

Lacrosse (Soft)

R

Racquetball

Ringette (Ice)

S

Skiing (Alpine)/Snowboarding

Skipping

Soccer (Indoor, Outdoor)

Softball Lob-Ball, Slo-Pitch, Three-Pitch

Swimming

T

Tennis

Track and Field – High Jump

Track and Field – Hurdles

Track and Field – Shot – Put

Track and Field – Track Events

Track and Field – Triple Jump, Long Jump

Tug of War

V

Volleyball

W

Water Polo

Wrestling

Appendix

A) Elementary Interschool Athletic Participation Form

B) Sample Request to Resume Athletic Participation

C) First Aid Kit Contents

D) Emergency Action Plan

E) Students’ Responsibilities

F) Safety In activity Rooms

G) Safety Checklists

H) Sample Coaches Planner

I) Suggested Criteria for Non-Teacher Coaches

J) Sample Volunteer Coaching Application Form

K) Universal Precautions Re: Blood and Body Fluids

L) Coaching Expectations

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

PHYSICAL EDUCATION ELEMENTARY

SAFETY GUIDELINES

BACKGROUND:

The Physical Education Safety Guidelines were developed with the support and encouragement of Ophea, the Ontario School Boards’ Insurance Exchange (OSBIE), the Ontario Association for the Supervision of Physical and Health Education (OASPHE), the Ontario Federation of School Athletic Associations (OFSAA), and the Canadian Intramural Recreation Association - Ontario

(CIRA). This particular document is Module III: Physical Education Interschool Safety Guidelines and is based on Module I: Physical Education Curricular Safety

Guidelines and Module II: Physical Education Intramural Safety Guidelines.

INTENT OF THE PROVINCIAL SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR INTERSCHOOL ATHLETICS PROGRAMS:

The primary responsibility for the care and safety of students rests with the school board and its employees. The important aspects in fulfilling this role are to recognize that there is an element of risk in all physical activity and to take action accordingly. To this end, the safety guidelines writing team and physical educators across Ontario have developed procedures that help minimize the risk of an accident or injury. A guideline alone does not eliminate risk regardless of how well it is written or how effectively it is implemented. Safety awareness, practised by the coach, based on up-to-date information, common sense, observation, action and foresight, is the key to safe programming. The intent of the Provincial Interschool Athletics Safety Guidelines is to focus attention on safe procedures for sport, in order to minimize the inherent element of risk. By implementing safe coaching practises such as appropriate skill progression, facility and equipment safety checks, and appropriate supervision and officiating, the potential for injury will be minimized. It is hoped that this document will assist school boards in fulfilling their obligation to provide the safest possible environment in which all students, regardless of physical, mental, emotional abilities/challenges or cultural background, can participate safely in interschool athletics.

IMPACT AND SCOPE OF THIS DOCUMENT:

The document sets out minimum guidelines to be used by coaches and administrators in addressing the safety component of interschool athletics. Interschool athletics is defined as the schoolsponsored, competitive sports program which:

• occurs outside the student’s instruction time;

• involves a selected school team/group;

• involves a competition against other outside teams/groups.

Curricular and intramural activity guidelines can be found in the first and second modules respectively.

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

A) GENERIC ISSUES

Please note: Lists of examples in these guidelines are not exclusive.

It should be recognized that there are common safety guidelines which apply to all interschool athletics. Some such commonalities are as follows:

1) Prior to the students’ first practice, coaches need to be aware of the medical background and physical limitations of their team-tryout members. This includes knowledge of students with heart disorders, asthma, epilepsy, diabetes, severe allergies, etc. Each school needs to develop a process by which this medical information is shared with the coach. The coach must have student athletes’ medical information available at all practices and all games (see Appendix A).

2) Prior to the student’s first practice, parents need to be made aware of the risks inherent in sport participation and must sign and return an Interschool Athletic Participation Form (see

Appendix A).

3) Each school must appoint a teacher or administrator who is responsible for the interschool athletic program, to ensure that each coach is familiar with school/board’s coaching philosophy and relevant documents.

4) If a student misses a practice/game due to an injury or illness requiring professional medical attention (e.g. medical doctor, chiropractor, physiotherapist, etc.), the coach must receive communication from a medical professional or the student’s parent/guardian, giving permission to return to play. For sample form see Appendix B, “Request to Resume Athletic

Participation”.

5) Apply your school’s Emergency Action Plan to deal with accidents in interschool athletics. For details on an emergency action plan, see Appendix D.

6) An appropriately stocked first aid kit must be readily accessible. When activities are offered off campus, an appropriate portable first aid kit must be available. For a sample listing of first aid items, see Appendix C.

7) Universal precautions (e.g. using impermeable gloves), must be followed when dealing with situations involving blood and other bodily fluids (see Appendix K). Coaches must refer to

Board and other policies that address blood and bodily fluid procedures (e.g. sport governing body, association regulations).

8) Before involving students in strenuous outdoor athletics, coaches must take into consideration the temperature of the day, previous training and the length of time the students will be vigorously active.

9) At the beginning of the sport season, coaches must instruct students in expected conduct (i.e. in change rooms, when visiting schools, etc.).

10) If students are involved in an interschool sport which is not described in this document, refer to Module III: Physical Education Secondary Interschool Guidelines. Determine whether the sport is higher or lower risk (see criteria section) and establish procedures accordingly.

11) The presence of spectators must not present a safety concern.

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

12) Game officials must be knowledgeable about the rules of the sport.

13) Encourage athletes to have a student Accident Insurance Policy.

14) Coaches must be aware of and adhere to the school board’s transportation policy regarding interschool team travel (board sponsored and private vehicles). Parents/guardians must be informed of the mode of transportation and the student expectations required.

15) Where an incident occurs that increases or could increase the risk of injury, corrective actions must take place to help prevent its reoccurrence.

16) Interschool athletics have been categorized into two areas: higher risk sports and lower risk sports. Higher risk sports are those sports which are characterized by:

• a greater potential for injuries with severe consequences;

• contact: person to person and person to equipment;

• uniqueness of equipment used;

• speed of action;

• protective equipment used;

• type of supervision required;

• training required.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

HIGHER RISK SPORTS

Broomball (Ice)

Cheerleading (Acrobatic)

Field Hockey

Gymnastics

Ice Hockey

Lacrosse (Field)

Ringette (Ice)

Skiing (Alpine)/Snowboarding

Swimming

Track and Field - field events: high jump, shot- put

Water Polo

Wrestling

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

Badminton

Ball Hockey

Basketball

Bowling

Cheerleading (Spirit, Dance)

Cricket

Curling

Cross-Country Running/ Orienteering

Cross-Country Skiing

Football (Flag, Touch)

Golf

Handball (Wall)

LOWER RISK SPORTS

Lacrosse (Soft)

Racquetball

Skipping

Softball/Slo-Pitch

Soccer

Team Handball

Tennis

Track and Field - all track events, field events: hurdles, long jump, triple jump

Volleyball

For higher risk sports, these additional requirements must be met: a) It is the responsibility of the HOST school to ensure that first aid coverage is available throughout the entirety of any higher risk activities or performances (e.g. acrobatic cheerleading). b) The minimum requirement for first aid coverage at a game or practice is the presence of an individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured athletes. c) Coaching expertise for any higher risk sport must be derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One Technical in that sport;

• attendance at a clinic or workshop in that sport within the last three years;

• past experience as a player or coach in that sport. d) The coach must document athlete attendance and all practice plans, with reference to progressive development of skills, and attention paid to identified inherent risks of the sport (see Appendix H).

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

B) SPECIFIC COMPONENTS

1. GUIDELINES: a) Guidelines for each activity are outlined according to the following critical components:

Clothing/Footwear Supervision

Facilities

b) These guidelines are mandatory for practices as well as games. An activity must not occur unless these guidelines have been addressed.

2. EQUIPMENT: (with respect to safety issues and concerns) a) When using any equipment, care must be taken to ensure that it is safe for use (e.g. no sharp edges, sharp corners, cracks, or splinters) and that it is size, mass and strength appropriate. b) All balls must be properly inflated.

c) Personal Equipment

• Students and parents must be made aware that equipment brought from home for use in interschool sporting activities must be in safe playing condition (e.g. hockey helmets, racquets, golf clubs, hockey sticks, etc.).

• Parents and athletes must be made aware of safety precautions with mouth guards and eyeglasses, including the need for an eyeglass strap and shatterproof lenses for some activities.

• Where sport governing bodies, and/or local/regional/provincial athletic associations require specific personal equipment (e.g. throat protector in hockey), parents/guardians and students will provide equipment that conforms to recognized standards.

• Where school boards or schools provide protective equipment, all equipment must conform to recognized standards (e.g. CSA approved hockey helmets) and must fit properly.

• Personal equipment must not be altered beyond the adjustments provided for in the original equipment. Any alteration that compromises the protection that the equipment provides destroys the safety certification (e.g. cutting a portion off the back of mouth guards).

• Student athletes must be informed that they are not to share water bottles.

• Students must be informed that they have a responsibility to report personal equipment problems and defects to the supervising coach. d) Non-Personal Equipment

• All equipment must be checked regularly by the coach to ensure that it is in good working order. Athletes also must be encouraged to report equipment problems to coaches. For more information, see Appendix G.

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

• Equipment needs to be inspected and maintained on a regular basis by capable and knowledgeable personnel (e.g. inspection company, Board Health and Safety Committee) and documentation maintained.

• Coaches must perform a visual check of equipment before each practice and competition and remove or repair broken equipment.

• When borrowing, renting, or lending equipment for practice or competition (e.g. wrestling mats, lane ropes, gymnastic equipment), the coach must ensure that equipment conforms to recognized safety standards and that it has been inspected for safety.

3. CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR:

Students must wear appropriate clothing for interschool athletics. Prescribed team uniforms and clothing for practice must be appropriate for the activity and must not present a safety concern. Devices used to tie back long hair must not present a safety concern.

Hanging jewelry must not be worn. Jewelry which cannot be removed and which presents a safety concern (e.g. medical alert identification, religious/cultural jewelry) must be taped or covered. Deviations from these guidelines are listed on activity pages.

4. FACILITIES: a) To provide a safe environment for interschool athletics, the convenor/coach must make a pre-activity check of the facilities to be used. This could be done visually or recorded on a check list (see Appendix G). Hazards must be identified and removed as a factor in the activity. Potentially dangerous and immovable objects (e.g. goalposts, protruding stage, bleachers, benches) must be brought to the attention of students, coaches, officials, etc. Students also must be encouraged to report facility problems to the coach. For more information on the role of the student in safety, see Appendix E. b) For all indoor activities, walls and stages must not be used as turning points or finish lines. A line or pylon could be designated in advance of the wall or stage. Foreseeable risks must be identified and precautions taken to minimize risks. For safety precautions when using non-gymnasium areas, see Appendix F. c) Equipment/furniture which presents a risk to the student must not be stored around the perimeter of the area in use for interschool athletics. A reasonable number of benches as well as mats secured to the wall are exceptions to this statement. d) A formal safety inspection and written status report of all interschool facilities and major equipment must be done by a reputable third party on a regular basis. e) There must be a designated safe area for spectators. f) A telephone or other suitable means of communication must be available for all activities/locations. g) Playing fields must be free from hazardous holes, glass and rocks. Severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the students, the principal and municipal staff (where appropriate) and modifications made, if necessary. There must be sufficient turf for proper traction and impact absorption, (e.g. accidental trip and fall). Other facilities that are used,

(e.g. pools, arenas, etc.) must conform to safety standards and be free from hazards. Concerns about potentially dangerous situations must be reported to appropriate authorities.

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

5. SPECIAL RULES/INSTRUCTIONS: a) The skills of an interschool sport must be taught in proper progression prior to participation. b) Prior to teaching skills of the sport the coach has a duty to:

• outline the inherent risks involved in the activity;

• demonstrate how to minimize the risks;

• set procedures and rules for safe participation. c) Fitness development appropriate to the level of competition must be addressed. d) Students must be made aware of ways to protect themselves from high levels of UV rays. e) Students must receive instruction on safety procedures related to severe weather conditions, (i.e. lightning). f) Adequate liquid replacement must be accessible for student athletes during practice and competition. g) Interschool sports must be modified to the age and ability levels of the students.

6. SUPERVISION: a) Definition of Supervision: Supervision is the overseeing of an activity for regulation or direction. All facilities, equipment and activities have inherent risks, but the more effectively they are supervised, the safer they become. b) Definition of a Coach: A coach can be any individual approved by the principal or designate (see Appendix I). Any coach who is not a teacher or administrator employed by the board or an individual with teaching certification approved by the principal (e.g. retired teacher, teacher not under contract) must:

• complete the application form for outside coaches (see Appendix J);

• be interviewed and approved by the principal or designate (see Appendix J);

• become familiar with relevant school and board policies and procedures provided by the principal or designate. c) Role of Coach Liaison: The principal or designate is to appoint a coach liaison who is a teacher or administrator for every coach who is not a teacher or administrator employed by the board or an individual with teaching certification approved by the principal (e.g. retired teacher, teacher not under contract). The coach liaison will be responsible for carrying out all the duties required of a teacher pursuant to the Education Act and these guidelines (see Appendix L). The level of support will be commensurate with the expertise and qualifications of the coach and will be determined by the principal or designate. “In-the-area” supervision of a non-teacher coach means that the coach liaison must be accessible and at least one of the following criteria must be in place:

• coach liaison is visible;

• coach liaison circulating on the same site;

• coach liaison is on the same site and location is known.

As a minimum, the designated coach liaison will provide “in-the-area” supervision for all practices, games, and competitions.

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

d) Supervision by the Coach: Any use of a facility must be supervised. This guideline has designated three categories of supervision by the coach: “Constant visual”, “On-site”, and

“In-the-area”. The categories are based on the principles of general and specific supervision which take into consideration the risk level of the activity, the participants’ skill level and the participants’ maturity. e) Categories of Supervision: In the category of supervision, “Constant visual” supervision means that the coach is physically present, watching the activity in question. Only one activity requiring “Constant visual” supervision can take place while other activities are going on. “On-site” supervision entails coach presence but not necessarily constantly viewing one specific activity. Momentary presence in adjoining rooms to the gym is considered part of on-site supervision. “In-the-area” supervision means that the coach could be in the gymnasium while another activity is taking place in an area adjacent to the gymnasium. For “In-the-area” supervision, the coach must be readily accessible and at least one of the following criteria must be in place:

• coach circulating;

• location of coach is known;

• coach is visible.

Example: During a track and field practice, some students are involved in high jump, some in relay, while others are involved in distance running.

“Constant visual” supervision - High Jump - Coach is at the event and is observing activity. “On-site” supervision - Relay - Students are participating on the track/field and can be seen by the coach. “In-the-area” supervision - Distance Running - Students are running around the school and at times may be out of sight. f) Supervision - Points to Consider i) Students must be aware that the use of equipment and the gymnasium are prohibited without the appropriate type of supervision. Deterrents must be in place, for example:

• locked doors;

• signs on doors indicating that students are not to use the gym unless supervised;

• staff scheduled and present in an adjoining physical education office, in order to see students who might enter the gym unauthorized. ii) The level of supervision must be commensurate with the inherent risk of the sport. iii) Establish routines, rules of acceptable behaviour and appropriate duties of students at the beginning of the sport season and reinforce throughout the season. Coaches must sanction students for unsafe play or unacceptable behaviour, and must exercise that responsibility at all times. Refer to Appendix E for more information on student behaviour. iv) Rules of the sport must be taught and strictly enforced.

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

v)

In situations where a supply teacher or other teacher is asked to coach a practice or game the following must occur:

• administrators must address teacher competence level with sport activity;

• absent coach or administrator or designate must provide the Safety Guidelines page(s) for interschool sport activity;

• absent coach must specify restrictions/modifications for students with health or behavioural problems.

vi) When an interschool sport includes large numbers of participants (e.g. a school cross-country team) the ratio of coaches to participants must satisfy safety concerns. vii) A school is responsible for supervising its own spectators. The ratio of supervisor to spectator must address safety concerns. viii) Sport convenor (event organizer) must address the issue of event security.

ix) When an interschool sport includes several higher risk activities (e.g. track and field) the ratio of coaches to participants must satisfy safety concerns.

7. COACHING QUALIFICATIONS

Coach in charge must: a) Review local guidelines for the sport and attend appropriate clinics and coaches’ meetings. b) Be encouraged to complete Level 1 Theory and Technical of the National Coaching Certification Program (NCCP) or equivalent in the sport which he/she is coaching. c) Be encouraged to attend a basic first aid course. d) Adhere to coaching qualifications for higher risk sports (see individual sport pages).

8. COACH’S ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES a) The coach must work with student athletes in a professional manner that emphasizes respect, fair play and skill improvement. b) It is the coach’s responsibility to be knowledgeable of the rules and the skills necessary for the students to play the game safely. c) The coach is to be familiar with the contents of:

• the Board’s Risk Management Policy and Administrative Procedures for Interschool Sports;

• the Board’s Transportation Policy;

• Athletic Association By-Laws, if available.

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

d) Ensure that an Interschool Athletic Participation Form, (see Appendix A) is completed by the parent/guardian and has been returned prior to the student’s participation in the

first practice. Coaches must have access to the forms at ALL practices and games.

e) Coaches are to be mindful of providing a suitable level of competition according to skill, size, age and conditioning of the athlete. Coaches must examine the intensity and frequency of drills, practices, and games in order not to put the student at risk (e.g. excessive repetition of a heading skill and/or multiple practices and games the same day).

f) Inform parents, through written and/or verbal communication, of the times and locations of practices and games . g) Early in the season, clearly establish expectations and general conduct for practices and games. Involve players in formulating behavioural guidelines, fostering player discipline and self-control to minimize injury and promote fair play (see Appendix E).

h) Game

• Officials must be treated with respect. Officials’ decisions are final (e.g. question officials’ decisions through proper procedures).

• It is the responsibility of the coaches to control their teams and instruct their players to participate in a safe manner according to the rules of the game.

• Visiting coaches are responsible for their teams’ behaviour and the behaviour of volunteer drivers who represent their school. i) Supervision

• Participants must be appropriately supervised during all phases of the activity: practices, warm-up, competition, breaks. If a coach cannot fulfill the specified level of supervision, the activity must be stopped.

• Ensure that ALL team members have left the practice/competition facility prior to the coach leaving.

• For all sports, where the coach is not of the same sex as the athlete(s) and where the athlete(s) is required or might be required to stay overnight, a supervisory adult, as approved by the principal of the school, of the same sex as the athlete(s), must be present and available at the accommodation site for the duration of their stay in accommodation. j) For higher risk sports, the coach must document athlete attendance and all practice plans, with reference to progressive development of skills, with attention paid to identified inherent risks of the sport, (see Appendix H Sample “Coaches’ Planner”). k) Before each practice or game, the coach must visually inspect facilities and playing surfaces to ensure that they meet safety guidelines; the coach must not allow participation if he/she is not satisfied that the facilities or playing surface are safe.

9. PLAYER’S ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES a) All participants are expected to abide by the established behavioural guidelines. b) All participants must be encouraged to report all injuries to the coach.

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

BADMINTON

EQUIPMENT

Racquets must be inspected regularly for breakage and to ensure proper grip.

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Suitable clothing and footwear.

No hanging jewelry.

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

SUPERVISION

Playing area must be free from debris and obstructions and provide safe footing.

Court boundary lines must be clearly defined.

A safety procedure must be established for side-by- side courts.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

The code of etiquette for court play must be taught and enforced, e.g. not entering a court being used.

When practicing skills, adequate spacing must be allowed for each athlete to be able to make an uninterrupted swing.

Players must stop play whenever a foreign object comes onto the court.

Benefits of protective eye gear must be communicated to students.

Encourage front court player to avoid facing partner during a rally.

During initial instruction, on-site supervision is required. After initial instruction, in-the area supervision is required.

Setting up of equipment requires on-site supervision.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Stick blades must be checked regularly to ensure the blade is securely attached to the stick.

Use only regulation plastic ball hockey, cosom hockey sticks or a hockey stick with plastic blade.

Goalies must wear protective face mask, i.e. hockey helmet with cage.

Protective gloves (e.g. hockey or lacrosse gloves) must be worn.

If a regulation stick and ball are used, players require full face mask or eye protection and full fit mouth guard.

Suitable footwear to be worn.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

FACILITIES

Playing surface and surrounding area must be free of all obstacles

(e.g. tables, chairs).

BALL HOCKEY/

COSOM HOCKEY

SUPERVISION

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Stick must remain below waist at all times.

No slap shots.

Rules must be established for body contact and stick on body contact.

Penalties for stick infractions strictly enforced.

Implement a crease for protection of the goalie. No player other than goalie allowed in crease.

Skills must be taught proper progression.

Games and activities must be based on skills that are taught.

On-site supervision is required.

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

BASKETBALL

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

SUPERVISION

In situations where student’s follow-through could result in contact with an end wall and/or stage, protective gym mats or padding must be placed beyond the ‘key’ area.

Protective end wall mats must extend a minimum of 1.83 m (6’) up the wall from the top of the baseboard (maximum

10 cm (4”) from the floor) and be a mini mum width of 4.88 m

(16’).

Where a stage is close to the baseline, gym mats must be placed over edge of stage and extend close to the floor.

Suitable footwear and clothing.

No jewelry .

No metal or other hard objects can be used to hold hair back.

Playing surface (indoor or outdoor) and surrounding area must be clean and free of all obstacles and provide good traction.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

If gym does not facilitate safe cross court play,

(e.g. doors and radiators under side baskets or wall close to the baseline) modify rules appropriately (e.g. no lay-ups).

Trained adults only are to use motorized (drill) devices to raise and lower baskets.

Winch for moving backboards up and down must not be located directly under the supporting wall-mounted

structure.

Floor sockets must have cover plates in place.

On-site supervision is required.

Trained students must be under constant visual supervision when raising/lowering baskets using a hand winch.

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EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Proper shoes must be worn at all times, as provided or approved by the facility

Street clothes are acceptable

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

BOWLING

SUPERVISION

Skills must be taught in proper progression

Parent/Guardians must be aware of any off campus activity and the mode of transportation being used

Follow rules and etiquette as outlined by the facility

In – the – area supervision is required

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

BROOMBALL (ICE)

EQUIPMENT

Goalies must wear protective mask.

Regulation broomball sticks.

CSA approved hockey helmets are mandatory .

Nerf ball, utility ball or regulation broomball.

Full face mask or eye protection and full fit mouth guard.

Protective gloves.

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Players must wear suitable footwear and clothing for temperature conditions.

FACILITIES

Ice surface must be free from obstructions.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Players must keep sticks below waist at all times.

Crease extended 2 m from goal line. Defensive or offensive player cannot be in the crease area.

Rules must be established for body contact and stick on body contact. Penalties for stick infractions strictly enforced.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Games and activities must be based on skills that are taught.

Parents/guardians must be made aware of any off-campus activity and means of transportation.

SUPERVISION

On-site supervision is required.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of game, skills and strategies to principal or designate.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One Technical in Broomball;

• attendance at a broomball clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• past experience as a player or coach in that sport.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.

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Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

CHEERLEADING

(ACROBATIC)

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Carpeted gymnastics T-shirt, tank tops, gym/ strips, wrestling mats or tennis/bike style shorts to

Velcro fold out style be worn. Traditional mats to be used.

Mats must offer proper foot control and a safe surface, i.e. they must not move.

Velcro connections on velcro mats must be kept clean to provide maxi- mum adhesion.

Megaphone handles must be screwed in tight and burred edges must be trimmed or filed. cheerleading uniform

(females) shorter skirts and shell tops may be worn.

No oversized tops or pants.

No slick lycra or nylon clothing.

No hats, jewelry or sunglasses to be worn.

Footwear must be supportive (e.g. 3/4 cut or high cut styles) and be laced up fully at all times.

Hair must be clipped back off of face.

When cheering outdoors, heavier sweatshirts and/or wind suits must be fitted.

Gloves or mitts must not be worn during lifts and pyramids unless they are fitted “batting” style hand wear.

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

SUPERVISION

Cheering surfaces (e.g.

Safety and spotting skills must be Constant visual supervision is required for the initial skill hardwood gym floor, addressed first. learning stages. After initial instruction, on-site supervision rubberized gym floor, is required. carpeted studio, grass – dry and flat, track surfaces – all weather) must be dry, flat and free from loose objects.

Tops and bases of the pyramid must learn the responsibilities of other members in spotting/catching.

Teach progression of skills in sequential manner.

Coaches must employ hands-on spotting at all times until skills are mastered.

All team members must be trained to employ hands-on spotting at all times for all skills, until they are mastered.

Mats must be secure.

Students must not perform skills

Coaches must attend/oversee all game cheerleading sessions as well as competitions.

Above head obstruc- tions, e.g. basketball nets, must be raised out of reach. beyond their ability level until the requisite precursor skills are mastered.

Coaches must secure a safe cheering environment at football games, e.g. keep fans away from team space.

Head coach must keep up to date with skill knowledge, rule

Loose items (e.g. clothing, towels, water bottles, etc.) must not

Strength and conditioning must be an integral part of the training of acrobatic cheerleaders. development and safety issues, e.g. communicate with

Ontario Cheerleading Federation, maintain awareness of external training opportunities. be left on floor.

No stunting or tumbling on a school stage.

If gymnastics is a component of the team’s skill package, coaches must learn essential spotting techniques for elements typically being used in cheerleading, e.g. handspring, tuck,

Safety regulations and rules must apply to all cheerleading situations. round-off handspring, cartwheel.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of game, skills and strategies to principal or designate.

In adverse weather conditions:

• stunting and pyramid building must be reduced;

• tossed skills (except chair sit) must stop and all lifts be secured with additional hands-on spotters;

• extended lifts mustn’t be

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• attendance at a cheerleading clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• past experience as an athlete or coach in that sport. performed;

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

SUPERVISION

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

CHEERLEADING

(SPIRIT, DANCE)

SUPERVISION EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Pom-poms must be in good repair (not shedding) if used.

Any electrical equipment used must be in good working order and have wires taped to the floor or contained within walls.

Supportive athletic shoes. footing either indoors or on a field.

Must provide adequate room for all movement.

All routines must be taught in proper progression.

Routines must be designed not to interfere with other activity.

On-site supervision.

Pom-pom plastic must be cleaned up, as it is shed, to prevent risk to students.

Stress correct body alignment for injury prevention.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

CRICKET

EQUIPMENT

Regulation cricket bats, ball and stumps.

Approved cricket pads and gloves must be worn by batters and wicket- keeper.

Batter must wear an approved cricket helmet.

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Suitable clothing and Playing surface must be a Skills must be taught in proper progression.

footwear (e.g. running mat wicket. shoes) must be worn.

Games must be based on skills taught.

Studded cricket shoes must not be worn.

Outfield must be free from debris and obstructions and provide good footing.

Bouncers and bean balls must not be bowled.

Students must be informed of the importance of sun protection if outside.

Holes and severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the coaches, convenor, students and officials.

Notify appropriate school officials.

A designated area must be established for non active players at a safe distance behind the batter.

SUPERVISION

On-site supervision is required.

For indoor cricket variations, playing surface and surrounding area must be free of all obstacles (e.g. tables, chairs, pianos).

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

First aid kit accessible.

Emergency communica- tion system must be in place.

No bare feet.

No spikes of any kind.

Suitable footwear and clothing must be worn.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

CROSS-COUNTRY RUNNING/

ORIENTEERING

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

SUPERVISION

Prior to initial use of cross-country route or orienteering course, coach or convenor must do a safety check “walk through” in order to identify potential hazards.

Parents must be informed of importance of sun protection. In-the-area supervision.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Minimum age requirements for competition must be rationalized, established and maintained.

Parents/guardians must be notified when students will be running off the school campus.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during competition.

Coaches must familiar ize students with the route or course before initial attempt, e.g. notice of areas to approach with caution.

If practice route is using sidewalks around school, ensure students are not crossing intersections unless directly supervised.

Length and difficulty of route must be appropriate to the age and ability level of the participants.

A proper warm-up and cool-down must be included in all practices and competitions.

Coaches must be aware of students with history of asthma and other respiratory problems and severe allergies, e.g. bee sting allergy.

Students with severe asthma and/or allergy to bee stings must be encouraged to run with inhaler/auto-injector, etc.

The competition route must have marshals stationed throughout, all hazards well marked, gate and funnel markers set to enhance safety.

Students must be instructed in basic road safety.

Attention must be given to:

• temperature of the day;

• length of time in sun;

• previous training and length of preparation.

Students must be coached in strategies that enhance safety with “crowded” starts.

Provide opportunity for athletes to rehydrate during practice and competition.

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

SUPERVISION

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

CROSS-COUNTRY

SKIING

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

SUPERVISION

available on site. appropriate for outdoor activity.

Emergency communication system must be in place.

For clothing, use layering principles and have a hat available.

Skis, boots and poles must be in good repair. routes to the students so they are aware of the boundaries.

Discuss frostbite and hypothermia with students and how to recognize and treat.

In-the-area supervision is required for all sites.

When choosing a site the following conditions must be taken into consideration: sun, wind and snow conditions, as well as suitability of terrain.

Emergency procedures must be established and communicated to the students.

An individual who takes responsibil ity for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the competition.

When selecting a non commercial site the facility must have:

• practice tracks skied in by the coach/convenor.;

• proximity to warmth, food, waxing and other facilities.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Ask students to check that boots are secure in bindings.

Duties of the supervisors must be clearly outlined.

Poles have sharp tips. Caution students about their use, especially when working close to others.

Coaches and participants must be watchful for frostbite and hypothermia.

Coach must be aware of students with a history of asthma and other respiratory problems. Students with severe asthma must be encouraged to ski with inhaler.

Parents/guardians must be made aware of student involvement in off-campus activities as well as need for sun protection.

Competition:

A vehicle must be available to provide transportation in case of emergency.

The competition route must have marshals stationed throughout, all hazards well marked or padded.

Use a buddy system for practices.

See sport regulations regarding minimum and maximum temperatures.

Trails must be clearly marked, intersections roped off for trails not in use and turns must be wide and safe.

Coach basic uphill and downhill maneuvers on a very gentle slope.

Provide opportunity for athletes to rehydrate during

and before/after competition. practice

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

CURLING

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

FACILITIES

First aid kit and phone Clothing must be Curling rink.

must be accessible. appropriate for cold temperature activity.

Curling shoes, sliders or running shoes with the sliding shoe taped.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

SUPERVISION

Off-ice instructions, including safety rules, must precede on-ice instruction.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

All curlers must observe the rules of etiquette.

Students must be instructed to not step over curling rocks but to walk around them.

On-site supervision is required.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool

2005

Dragon Boat Racing

Dragon Boat Racing is not an appropriate activity at the Elementary Interschool Level.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

FASTBALL

EQUIPMENT

CSA approved helmets must be worn by batters, baserunners, and the batter on deck.

Helmets must have earflaps on both sides.

Catchers must wear all equipment specified under O.B.A. rules.

Suitable pelvic area protection must be worn by all players.

Warm-up catchers must wear a mask.

All equipment must be kept out of the playing area.

Aluminum bats with proper grips must be used.

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Long pants, team shirt and a baseball hat must be worn.

Cleats are not to be worn

FACILITIES

Bases must be secured.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Appropriate sliding techniques must be taught to minimize the risk of injury.

Diamond must be level and groomed.

Backstops must be checked for broken wire prior to each game.

There must be no sliding head first into a base other than returning from a leadoff position.

Entrance gates to the playing field must be closed at all times.

A conditioning program that encourages flexibility, improved cardiovascular fitness and pre-event warm-up must be introduced.

Dugout must be screened to protect players.

Players throwing to warm-up should do so away from the playing area.

Holes and severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the coaches, convenor, students, and officials. Notify appropriate school officials.

Pitchers are limited to a maximum of

60 pitches per game and no more than two games per day.

Players not involved in the game must be on or behind their bench.

If in the opinion of the umpire, after consultation with both coaches, the field is deemed to be unsafe for play, the game shall be rescheduled.

SUPERVISION

On-site supervision.

There must be sufficient turf for proper traction and impact absorption.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Regulation field hockey sticks must be used.

Sticks must be checked regularly for cracks.

Use regulation field hockey ball.

Goalkeeper’s equipment: gloves, CSA approved helmet and face mask, chest protector, lower abdominal protector, goalie pads and kickers must be worn by goalkeeper or designated kicking back.

Shin guards must be made available to all players.

A mouthguard must be worn by all players during all games and practices.

Molded cleats or turf shoes may be worn.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

FIELD HOCKEY

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Playing surface must be checked prior to practices and games. It must be clear of debris and provide good footing.

Games must be based on skills that are taught.

Holes and severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the coaches, convenor, officials, students and notify appropriate school officials.

Stick must not be brought above waist level.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

There must be sufficient turf for proper traction and impact absorption.

Portable goals must be checked prior to practices and competition to ensure they are secure.

SUPERVISION

On-site supervision is required.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of game, skills and strategies to principal or designate.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One Technical in Field Hockey ;

• attendance at a field hockey clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• past experience as a player or coach in that sport .

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Tackle Football is not an appropriate sport for elementary interschool athletics.

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

FOOTBALL

(FLAG, TOUCH)

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

SUPERVISION

Use footballs appropriate to the size and ability of the students.

Metal cleats must not be worn.

Suitable gym clothing and footwear must be worn.

No jewelry.

Playing area must be free of debris and obstructions and provide safe footing.

Holes and severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the coaches, convenor, students, and officials.

Notify the appropriate school officials.

Goalposts must be properly padded (as per

Football Ontario).

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Boundary lines must be clearly indicated.

Any player with a playing cast must provide a doctor’s note or parent/guardian signed permission indicating it is safe for him/her to play.

Any knee braces or casts must be approved by the coach prior to the commencement of the game.

Any exposed orthopedic apparatus must be soft or padded.

Flags are not to be tucked under belt.

On-site supervision is required.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

GOLF

INT.

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

must not be used on school property except for putting, chipping and with the use of driving screens.

Equipment, especially grips, must be checked regularly and repaired as needed. footwear must be worn.

FACILITIES

Adequate space must allow for full backswing and follow through.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Students must receive instruction on proper golf etiquette and safety including procedures related to severe weather conditions, i.e. lightning.

Gym (putting only).

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

School property.

Golf domes.

Establish a safe routine for hitting and retrieving golf balls and a designated safe area for use of regulation balls while chipping.

Putting course.

Golf course.

Students must have had an opportunity to develop skills prior to playing on a golf course.

Driving range.

Regardless of facility, the hitting area must be well marked and controlled.

All rules of play must be followed.

Parents and students must be informed of importance of sun protection.

SUPERVISION

On-site supervision for initial instruction and when chipping with regulation golf balls.

In-the-area supervision is required following initial instruction.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

GYMNASTICS

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

PARALLEL BARS, HIGH BAR, STILL RINGS,

UNEVEN PARALLEL BARS, FLOOR, BALANCE BEAM,

POMMEL HORSE, VAULT

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

SUPERVISION

Equipment must be inspected on a regular basis and repaired as necessary.

No springboards. Only brand name mini-tramps or beatboards to be used for take-offs. Beatboards used to mount the apparatus must be removed immediately after use.

Coach must do a safety check for proper set-up prior to student use. Ensure all locking mechanisms are checked prior to use.

Balance beams for competition must be padded and stable.

General utility mats to be used:

• ensolite 3.8 cm (1 1/2”);

• trocellen 5.1 cm (2”);

• ethefoam 3.8 cm (1 1/2”);

• sarneige 3.8 cm (1 1/2”);

• mats of equivalent compaction rating.

30.5 cm - 60.9 cm (12" - 24") thick mats must not be used as a landing surface for landing on feet off any piece of equipment.

Hardside-softside landing mats 12 cm (4.5”) or greater must be in place when the student is in an elevated inverted body position and for landings on the feet from a height.

Mats joined together must be of uniform thickness and composition (e.g. all carpet or all vinyl).

For skill acquisition, equipment must be adapted to the size and ability of the athlete.

Equipment must be stored in a safe and secure manner.

Bare feet acceptable.

Socks or gymnastics slippers may be worn.

Snugly fitting clothes that allow unrestricted movement must be worn.

Tie back long hair.

Secure or remove eyeglasses.

No jewelry (exception stud-type earrings).

Proper hand grips and chalk must be available.

Mats must be situated around/under apparatus as a landing area such that there is no overlap or open spaces.

Precautions must be taken to minimize the movement of mats on impact.

Velcro mats must be attached.

A floor plan must be established for all equipment to ensure adequate space between apparatus and distance away from walls and other obstructions.

Extra matting must be placed beyond the corners of the competi tive floor area.

Students must be instructed on safety related to gymnastics and all associated apparatus prior to using any equipment.

Coach must be aware of the physical limitations and initial skill levels of students.

Students must not be encouraged to perform skills beyond their physical and psychological capabilities.

Utilize a safe and sequen tial skill development program that includes a conditioning component for flexibility and strength.

On-site supervision is required.

Constant visual supervision is required for the initial learning stages of difficult moves.

Students must be trained to spot each other appropriately.

Only coaches shall spot inverted vault and aerial moves.

Coach must supervise the set-up and take down of equipment.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of sport, skills and strategies to principal or designate.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One Technical in Gymnastics;

• attendance at a gymnastics clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• past experience as a competitor or coach in that sport.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

EQUIPMENT

be worn.

Students wearing eyeglasses are to wear appropriate eye protec tion (e.g. shatterproof lenses).

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

footwear.

No hanging jewelry.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

FACILITIES

must be clearly defined.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

When teaching skills there must be adequate spacing for each player to make an uninter- rupted swing.

In side-by-side court situations, safety procedures must be established.

The code of etiquette for court play must be taught and enforced, e.g. let calls and not entering a court in use.

HANDBALL

(WALL)

SUPERVISION

With initial instruction, on-site supervision is required.

After instruction, in-the-area supervision is required.

No more than four players to a playing area.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Games must be based on skills that are taught.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

ICE HOCKEY

Grades 6, 7, 8

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

First aid kit must be Properly fitting skates.

available on site.

Approved and properly fitting hockey helmet with full face mask, throat protector, gloves, elbow pads, shoulder pads, pants, shin pads and cup/pelvic protector.

Check sticks for cracks and splinters.

No plastic stick blades.

Approved goalie equipment must be worn by goalie.

FACILITIES

Ice surface must be free from debris and deep ruts.

Break away net mandatory.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Penalties for rule infractions must be strictly enforced.

No more than three games in one day as per

Ontario Minor Hockey Association (OMHA) rules.

SUPERVISION

Constant visual supervision during initial practice of contact skills.

On-site supervision the rest of the time.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of game, skills and strategies to principal or designate.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One Technical in Hockey;

• attendance at a hockey clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• past experience as a player or coach in that sport.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competi tion.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

LACROSSE (FIELD)

EQUIPMENT

Lacrosse sticks checked for cracks and splinters.

Goaltender must wear full protective equipment.

Helmets, gloves and mouthguards are mandatory for players.

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

No metal cleats.

Suitable clothing and footwear must be worn.

FACILITIES

Playing area must be free from debris and obstacles and provide good footing.

Holes and severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the coaches, convenor, students, and officials.

Notify appropriate school officials.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Penalties for rule infractions must be strictly enforced.

There must be sufficient turf for proper traction and impact absorption.

SUPERVISION

On-site supervision is required.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of game, skills and strategies to principal or designate.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One Technical in Lacrosse ;

• attendance at a lacrosse clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• past experience as a player or coach in that sport.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

EQUIPMENT

Moulded plastic sticks.

Regulation ball and sticks to be used.

Goaltender must wear face mask and protective equipment.

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Suitable clothing and footwear should be worn.

FACILITIES

The playing area must be inspected regularly and free of debris and obstacles and provide good footing.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Games must be based on skills that are taught.

Holes and severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the coaches, convenor, students, and officials.

Notify appropriate school officials.

Penalties for rule infractions must be strictly enforced.

LACROSSE

(SOFT)

SUPERVISION

On-site supervision is required.

There must be sufficient turf for proper traction and impact absorption.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

RACQUETBALL

EQUIPMENT

be worn.

Students wearing eyeglasses are to wear appropriate eye protec tion (e.g. shatterproof lenses).

Racquetball racquets must be equipped with a thong that is worn around the wrist.

Racquets must be inspected regularly for breakage and to ensure proper grip.

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

footwear.

No hanging jewelry.

FACILITIES

must be clearly defined.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

When teaching skills there must be adequate spacing for each player to make an uninter- rupted swing.

In side-by-side court situations, safety procedures must be established.

The code of etiquette for court play must be taught and enforced, e.g. let calls and not entering a court in use.

SUPERVISION

With initial instruction, on-site supervision is required.

After instruction, in-the-area supervision is required.

No more than four players to a playing area.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Games must be based on skills that are taught.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

RINGETTE (ICE)

EQUIPMENT

quoit.

Only use regulation ringette sticks.

Goalies must wear protective mask.

CSA approved helmet with face guard and elbow pads for all students.

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

be worn.

No jewelry.

Properly fitting ice hockey skates.

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Outdoor playing surfaces Penalties for all infractions must be strictly must be checked for enforced. debris, ruts and rough areas.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Indoor facilities must be visually inspected.

Games and activities must be based on skills that are taught.

SUPERVISION

On-site supervision is required.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of game, skills and strategies to principal or designate.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One Technical in Ringette;

• attendance at a ringette clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• past experience as a player or coach in that sport.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

SKIING (ALPINE)/

SNOWBOARDING

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Students must check all equipment prior to use and report concerns to coach.

All bindings must be in working order and meet with current approved guidelines.

If equipment is bor rowed, bindings must be inspected and adjusted by a knowledgeable equipment technician on site.

Boots and bindings must be compatible.

In competition, a protective helmet designed for skiing/ snowboarding and arm pads must be worn by all racers.

No long scarves.

Long hair must be tied back or tucked in.

Clothing must be adequate for winter out- of-doors activity.

FACILITIES

Define area to the students so they are aware of the boundaries for activity.

The area must be patrolled by members of a recognized ski patrol.

Functioning, reliable communication covering the course.

Course poles must be full-length break-away style and in good repair.

Race course must be set by experienced, qualified course setter.

Course must be away from dangerous obstacles.

Safety walls, net or barrier must be placed where required.

There must be a clear run out at end of course.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Students must ski/snowboard only on appropriate areas as identified by a qualified instructor.

Students must be taught the importance of skiing/snowboarding in control at all times.

Ensure that all students are thoroughly familiar with Alpine safety rules (including lift procedures) and the role of the ski patrol.

Proper racing techniques must be taught prior to competition.

All skills must be taught in appropriate progression, based on observed skill levels.

Discuss proper clothing and how to recog nize and treat frostbite and hypothermia.

SUPERVISION

In-the-area supervision is required.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of sport, skills and strategies to principal or designate.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One Technical in Skiing/

Snowboarding;

• attendance at a skiing/snowboarding clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• past experience as a competitor or coach in that sport .

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

SKIPPING

EQUIPMENT

Ropes of appropriate length for size and ability of students.

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

No hanging jewelry.

No bare feet.

Suitable clothing and footwear.

FACILITIES

Area must be free of obstructions to enable safe movement.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

There must be adequate spacing for each student to swing rope(s) freely.

SUPERVISION

In-the-area supervision.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Size and weight of soccer ball must be appropriate to the age and skill level of the participants.

No metal or compound cleats.

Suitable footwear and clothing must be worn.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

SOCCER

(INDOOR, OUTDOOR)

SUPERVISION FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Playing area must be inspected regularly for debris and obstructions and be well removed from traffic areas.

No tackling from behind.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Holes and severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the coaches, convenor, students, and officials.

Notify appropriate school officials.

There must be sufficient turf for proper traction and impact absorption.

Limit time spent on heading drills.

Any player with a playing cast must provide a doctor’s note or parent/guardian signed permission indicating it is safe for him/her to play.

Exposed orthopedic apparatus/cast which represents a safety concern to other players must be soft or padded. Such devices must be approved by the official prior to the commencement of the game.

On-site supervision is required.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

SOFTBALL

LOB-BALL, SLO-PITCH, THREE PITCH

EQUIPMENT

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

SUPERVISION

Wooden bats must be Suitable and uncracked with proper clothing must be worn. grip.

Aluminum bats must have adequate grip.

Metal and compound cleats are not to be worn

Catcher must be in full protective equipment.

Use age-appropriate regulation softball.

Batter and runners must wear helmet.

Bases must be properly secured. Bases secured with metal peg into ground causes ankle/leg injuries when sliding.

A double bag used at first base.

The field must be inspected for hazards: holes, glass, rocks, and slippery, muddy spots.

The field of play must never be located near an open roadway onto which an active player might run.

Holes and severely uneven surfaces must be reported to the coaches, convenor, students, and officials. Notify appropriate school officials.

There must be sufficient turf for proper traction and impact absorption.

Umpire must wear mask and chest pad.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Players must be taught to lay down or drop the bat after hitting not release it during the follow-through of the swing.

Non-fielding players must be on the bench or in the designated area of bench.

Teach batters to use proper grip (not cross handed).

Use a commit line at home plate.

On-site supervision.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during competition.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

SWIMMING

EQUIPMENT

Standard safety equip- ment as stated in pool regulations, e.g. ring buoys, reaching poles, spinal boards, etc.

First aid kit must be accessible.

Emergency phone must be available.

Electrical equipment must be properly grounded (GFI).

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

FACILITIES

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Appropriate swimming attire.

No jewelry to be worn other than medical alert jewelry.

Device to keep hair from obstructing vision (e.g. elastic).

School or community pools that conform to

SNC (Swimming

Natation Canada) safety standards. Where facilities do not conform to SNC standards for safety, modifications to the rules must be made, e.g. where pools are less than the required depth, swimmers start in the water rather than dive from the blocks or deck.

BACKYARD POOLS

MUST NOT BE USED.

Pool deck must be kept clear of obstacles and cleared of excess water.

Inform in-charge person on deck of any student having any medical condition that may affect the student’s safety in the water.

Students must adhere to the following rules:

• no running or pushing on deck;

• no gum chewing;

• no food in pool area;

• stay clear of diving area;

• do not start or practice starts into shallow water;

Showers must be taken before entering the pool.

Where students go off school board property to a pool, parents/guardians must be informed.

Emergency procedures must be outlined to students prior to entering the water.

Students with infected cuts or sores must not be in pool.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

SUPERVISION

Maximum ratio 25 pupils per qualified

National Lifeguard Service (N.L.S.) lifeguard/ instructor.

Teacher coaches with current Ontario Teachers

Aquatic Standard (O.T.A.S.) certification or equivalent can provide swim instruction without an additional lifeguard only when the pool is being used solely for aquatic instruction.

Reference: Reg. 565.S.17.17.C Guide to

Ontario Public Pools Regulation

On-site supervision is required by the coach.

Students must ask permission to leave pool area.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of sport, skills and strategies to principal or designate.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One Technical in Swimming;

• attendance at a swimming clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• past experience as an athlete or coach in that sport.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

TENNIS

EQUIPMENT

Racquets must have a good grip and be in safe playing condition.

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

Suitable clothing and footwear.

No hanging jewelry.

FACILITIES

The area must be free from debris and obstructions and provide safe footing.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

The code of etiquette for court play must be taught and enforced, e.g. not entering a court being used.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Court boundary lines must be clearly defined.

Games must be based on skills that are taught.

A safety procedure must be established for side- by-side courts.

When teaching skills, there must be adequate spacing for each student to make a free and uninterrupted swing.

SUPERVISION

With initial instruction, on-site supervision is required.

After instruction in-the-area supervision is required.

Setting up of equipment requires on-site supervision.

Benefits of protective eye gear must be communicated to students.

Doubles positioning and movement to be taught.

No spectators on court.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool

2005

Equipment

Landing Mats

The landing area must be adequately covered with a minimum of two jumping mats minimum size:

3.60m x1.80m x.5m (5’x12’x20”)

The above mats must be placed end to end parallel to crossbar.

When two mats are placed end to end, use a cover or place a Velcro mat over the gap between crash mats.

Standard utility mats must be placed around the landing surface with no gaps.

Two jumping mats used side by side must be of the same thickness.

Check landing mats regularly for damage.

Cross Bars

Do not use metal cross bars.

Bamboo poles must be tape wrapped before use.

Fiberglass poles are a good alternative.

Check bamboo and fiberglass poles for cracks before use.

Weighted rope or elastic may be used rather than a crossbar, for practice.

Track and Field

High Jump

Clothing/Footwear

No bare feet or socks without shoes.

Suitable gym clothing and footwear must be worn (this includes running shoes).

Grades 6,7and 8 students may wear

5mm spikes on rubberized or asphalt jumping surfaces.

No jewelry (See

Generic Section).

Track shoes without spikes may not be worn.

Facilities

Indoor and outdoor approach area must be clear, smooth, dry, and trafficfree.

For indoor jumping, determine that the floor provides a suitable surface to prevent slipping.

Special Rules/Instructions

If students act as bar monitors, they must stay in front and off to the side of standards prior and during each jump.

Teach progressions and technique.

Stress short, controlled approach, e.g. between three and nine steps.

If student is using “flop style”, teach student to take-off closer to the nearest upright on approach.

Determine that landing mats and

Velcro mats are firmly secured and do not slide when landed upon by jumper.

Grade 6,7 and 8 students who are wearing track spikes must be given instruction and practice on safe use.

Supervision

Constant visual supervision is required.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of event to principal or designate.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One

Technical in Track and

Field-Jumps;

• Attendance at a high jump clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• Past experience as an athlete or coach in that sport within the last 10 years.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool

Track and Field

Hurdles

2005

Equipment

Check for safety of hurdles

(e.g., stable, no splinters, cracks or other hazards).

Check safety of starting blocks, if they are used.

Clothing/Footwear

No bare feet or socks without shoes.

Suitable gym clothing and footwear (this includes running shoes).

Grade 6, 7 and 8 students may wear 5mm spikes on rubberized or asphalt tracks or 9mm spikes on gravel tracks.

No jewelry (See Generic

Section).

Track shoes without spikes may not be worn.

Facilities

Activity in appropriate area which provides a clear flat surface.

All tracks must be inspected annually and maintained as necessary.

Run out areas must be in place.

Special Rules/Instructions

Instruct students how to set up hurdles so that knocked hurdles will not resist hurdler’s fall.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Grade 6, 7, and 8 students who are wearing track spikes must be given instruction and practice safe use.

Proper warm-ups and cooldowns must be included in all practices and competitions.

Supervision

Constant visual supervision is required for initial skill instruction.

Following initial skill instruction and after all safety concerns have been emphasized, on-site supervision is appropriate.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool

2005

Equipment

Only shots designed for indoor use can be used in the gym.

Shot must be of appropriate size and weight for age and gender of the athlete.

Soft balls are an appropriate substitute for practice purposes.

Clothing/Footwear

No bare feet or socks without shoes.

Suitable gym clothing and footwear must be worn (this includes running shoes).

Grade 6, 7 and 8 students may wear 5mm spikes on rubberized or asphalt putting surfaces.

No jewelry (See Generic

Section).

Track shoes without spikes may be worn.

Facilities

Landing area must be well marked and void of people during activity.

Putting area must be safe underfoot.

Track and Field

Shot - Put

Special Rules/Instructions

Establish safe routines for putting and retrieving of shots.

Skills and techniques associated with shot put must be taught in proper progression.

Establish a safe routine for transporting shots to and from the throwing area.

Where a protective screen is not in place, students and spectators must be in a designated area at least 4m behind the toe line.

Grade 6, 7, and 8 students who are wearing track spikes must be given instruction and practice on safe use.

Proper warm-ups and cooldowns must be included in all practices and competitions.

Supervision

Constant visual supervision.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of event to principal or designate.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

Level one Technical

Track and Field-

Throws;

• Attendance at a throws clinic or workshop within the last three years; experience as an athlete or coach in that sport within the last 10 years.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool

2005

Equipment

Keep rake, shovel, and spade away from pit and run-up when not in use.

Determine sand pit is appropriate in size for all jumpers.

Clothing/Footwear

No bare feet or socks without shoes.

Suitable gym clothing and footwear must be worn (this includes running shoes).

Grade 6, 7 and 8 students may wear 5 mm spikes on rubberized or asphalt tracks or 9 mm spikes on gravel tracks).

No jewelry (See Generic

Section).

Track shoes without spikes may not be worn.

Facilities

Pit must be filled with sand in accordance with

International Amateur

Athletic Federation (IAAF) rules (30cm).

Determine landing area is well raked and free of foreign objects.

Determine take-off area is firm and flat.

Dig pit at least once a season.

Pits must not be located in high traffic areas or near other activity sites, e.g., ball diamonds.

Track and Field

Triple Jump, Long Jump

Special Rules/Instructions

Refrain from jumping if there are slippery conditions.

Skills must be taught in a developmental sequence, e.g., short five step approach and build up to

15-17 step approach.

Grade 6, 7, and 8 students who are wearing track spikes must be given instruction and practice on use.

If students are rakers, they must be trained. As part of training, include rules such as:

• Remove rake before next competitor begins approach;

• Begin raking after competitor is out of pit;

• Rake sand into the middle as opposed to out to the sides.

Supervision

Constant visual supervision during initial lessons.

On-site supervision after skills have been taught.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool

2005

Equipment

Check batons for cracks or splinters.

Check safety of starting blocks if they are used.

Clothing/Footwear

No bare feet or socks without shoes.

Suitable gym clothing and footwear must be worn (this includes running shoes).

Grades 6, 7 and 8 students may wear

5mm spikes on rubberized or asphalt tracks or 9mm spikes on gravel tracks.

No jewelry (See

Generic Section).

Track shoes without spikes may not be worn.

Facilities

Athletes running off-site for practice must use approved route.

All tracks must be inspected annually and maintained as necessary.

Run-out areas must be in place for all running events.

Track and Field

TRACK EVENTS

SPRINTS, 400m, 800m, 1500m, 3000m, RELAYS

Special Rules/Instructions

The skills and techniques associated with running must be taught in a logical progression.

Proper warm-ups and cool-downs must be included in all practices and competitions.

For distance running practice, modify the length of route appropriately for the age and ability level of participant.

Grade 6, 7, and 8 students who are wearing track spikes must be given instruction and practice on safe use.

When running above distances in practice, students may be temporarily out of sight and must run in pairs or groups.

Take into account:

• Temperature of the day;

• Previous training and length of preparation.

Parents/guardians and students must be informed of the importance of sun protection.

Adequate liquid replacement must be accessible.

Where school hallways or stairways are used for training purposes, appropriate safety measures must be in place:

• Side doors must not be opened into running area;

• Hallway protrusions must be clearly marked;

• Inform school community of times and locations of indoor practices;

• Hall double doors have to be secured open;

• Monitors must be positioned at corners;

• Floor surface must be dry and provide good footing.

Supervision

On-site supervision for sprints, relays and hallway/stair running.

In-the-area supervision for middle distance

(400m, 800m and 1500m).

Indoor Running – use of hallways: No running to take place where there are glass doors or showcases. Position a safety barrier in front of doors. Put pylons at stop points and designate a slow down zone 10m or more. All classroom doors that open out have to be secured open, flush with hall wall.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool

2006

Equipment

Manila Hemp Tug of War rope or equivalent must be used:

• minimum

1 ¼ “ in diameter

(31.75 mm)

• minimum

33 m length

Ropes must be regularly checked for splinters and severe wear.

Stop watch.

Whistle.

Clothing/Footwear

Suitable footwear (e.g. flat soled athletic shoes) and clothing.

Long sleeved shirts must be worn.

No cleats.

No spikes.

No jewelry including watches.

No gloves allowed.

Facilities

Outdoor grass area minimum 8.0 m by 40 m.

The pulling area must be a flat, level surface free of debris and water.

The playing area must be outlined with Tug of

War markings.

No indoor facilities can be used for tug of war.

The exception is a commercial Tug of War indoor facility

Tug of War

Special Rules/Instructions

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Tugging competitions must be based on skills that are taught.

Maximum number of participants on each team: 8.

Follow and enforce the rules in the official Tug of War

Rule Book (www.tugofwar.ca/otowa.)

When selecting teams consideration must be given to students’ age, weight, height, gender, fitness level and experience.

Students must participate in appropriate warm up including aerobic warm up and stretches.

Students must be informed to never wrap the rope around waist or wrist or pull it under/through clothing.

No knots or loops are to be made in the rope, nor must it be locked across any part of the body of any team member.

At the start of a pull, the rope must be taught with the centre rope marking over the center line marking on the ground.

Every pulling member must hold the rope with the palms of both bare hands facing up. The rope will pass between the body and the upper part of the arm.

For the end puller/anchor, the rope passes alongside the body, diagonally across the back and over the opposite shoulder from rear to front. The remaining rope passes under the armpit in a backward and outward direction and the slack runs free. The anchor then grips the standing part of the rope by the ordinary grip i.e. the palms of both hands facing up, with both arms extended forward.

Inform students that there is the potential for rope burns.

Supervision

Constant visual supervision for team tug of war activities.

Onsite supervision for initial instruction involving pairs.

Ratios

1 referee:2 coaches

1:16 constant visual

One teacher/supervisor for each pull.

The teacher/supervisor acts as:

• referee

• timer overseer of activity to determine participants in distress and acts accordingly

A person who takes responsibility for administering first aid must be accessible for the duration of the activity.

Any teacher who is unfamiliar with Tug of

War techniques must seek assistance from appropriate support personnel and/or refrain from teaching until help

To reduce the risk of rope burns:

• grip the rope only hard enough to stop it from slipping

• momentarily wiggle fingers without letting go of the rope

• if arms tire, momentarily squeeze rope under armpit

Participants must be instructed in proper foot positioning and foot work.

Instruction must be given in the likelihood of a fall, and recovery techniques.

Maximum time for each pull is one minute.

Teachers must be aware of the weather forecast. Pulling must be cancelled in adverse conditions.

Teacher must inform students of the importance of:

• wearing sun protection

• applying bug repellent

• ingesting liquid replacement

Allow teams sufficient time to physically recover after each pull (minimum of one to two minutes is required). is received.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

VOLLEYBALL

EQUIPMENT

Poles must not be stored where there is a danger of them falling onto an individual.

CLOTHING/

FOOTWEAR

No jewelry.

Suitable footwear and clothing must be worn.

Nets must have no frayed wires.

No bare feet.

Age-appropriate regulation volleyball.

Padding around the poles, including cranks and supports, from the floor up to bottom of net.

FACILITIES

Gym must be free of hazards; e.g. equipment and furniture in corners/ on sidelines.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Skills must be taught in a proper progression.

SUPERVISION

On-site supervision of activity is required.

Game activities must be based on skills that are taught.

If students are involved in setting up and putting away volleyball poles, constant visual supervision is required.

When volleyball poles are removed, floor plugs must be replaced.

Drills must be organized so as to minimize the risk of being hit with an errant ball.

Activities/rules must be modified to the age of the participants. When attaching net to pole, do not allow students to climb up the pole. Use a chair to assist.

Playing surface must provide good traction.

Outdoor volleyball courts must provide safe footing.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

WATER POLO

EQUIPMENT

Standard safety equip- ment as stated in pool regulations, e.g. ring buoys, reaching poles, spinal boards, etc.

First aid kit must be accessible.

Emergency phone must be accessible.

FOOTWEAR

Appropriate swimming attire.

CLOTHING/

No jewelery.

Device to keep hair from obstructing vision (e.g. elastic).

Water polo caps with protective ear cups.

FACILITIES

School or community swimming pool.

BACKYARD POOLS

MUST NOT BE USED.

SPECIAL RULES/

INSTRUCTION

Inform referee of any athletes having any medical problems that may affect their safety in the water.

SUPERVISION

Constant visual supervision is required.

Maximum 25 athletes per qualified National

Lifeguard Service (N.L.S.) lifeguard/instructor.

Athletes must meet a minimum swimming standard, e.g. swimming 100 m any stroke and tread water for three minutes.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of sport, skills and strategies to principal or designate.

Fingernails must be closely trimmed.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One Technical in Water polo;

• attendance at a waterpolo clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• past experience as a competitor or coach in that sport.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competi tion.

JUNE 2001

WRESTLING

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

Equipment Clothing / Footwear Facilities Special Rules / Instruction Supervision

Wrestling mats or general utility mats must be used:

• ensolite 3.8 cm

(1 1/2”);

• trocellen 5.1 cm

(2”);

• ethefoam 3.8 cm

(1 1/2”);

• sarneige 3.8 cm

(1 1/2”);

• mats of equivalent compaction rating.

Mats must be attached together or aligned so separation does not occur.

Wrestlers with orthodontic devices must use appropriate protection.

Suitable clothing must be worn.

No jewelry.

Eyeglasses are not to be worn in wrestling.

No bare feet. Wrestling shoes or appropriate footwear. Metal gromets, rough areas or lace ends can be taped.

Mat surfaces must be checked regularly for irregularities and cleaned prior to use.

Area surrounding the mats must be free of obstruction/hazards.

Allow suitable clearance from the edge of wrestling area to the surrounding walls or if clearance from mat surface is less than 2 m

(6’ 6”), walls must be padded.

Warm-up activities must emphasize conditioning and flexibility.

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Rules and illegal moves must be outlined.

Students must wrestle with partners of similar weight and/or strength.

When wrestling an opponent:

-participants must be of similar weight and strength

-maximum time limit of two minutes per round and one round per match.

Wrestling from standing position is permitted

Fingernails must be closely trimmed.

Wrestlers with communicable skin conditions must not participate.

Benefits of headgear must be outlined to student athletes.

The hazards of improper eating practices and severe weight loss techniques must be outlined to student athletes.

Universal precautions (e.g. using impermeable gloves), must be followed when dealing with situations involving blood and other bodily fluids. (See

Appendix K.)

Revised from March 1999

On-site supervision is required.

Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of game, skills and strategies to principal or designate.

Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:

• NCCP Level One Technical in

Wrestling;

• attendance at a wrestling clinic or workshop within the last three years;

• past experience as a player or coach in that sport.

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool

2006

Equipment

Disc must be inspected for cracks or spurs.

First aid kit must be accessible.

A means of communication must be accessible e.g., cell phone, pay phone.

Clothing/Footwear

No metal cleats.

Suitable footwear and clothing must be worn.

No jewelry.

Facilities

Outdoor playing area must:

• be inspected regularly for debris and obstructions

• provide suitable footing

• be well removed from traffic areas.

Holes and severely uneven surfaces must be addressed and reported to the principal/appropriate official.

Students must be made aware of these surface problems.

Goal posts must be padded if in field of play.

Indoors, keep gym free of hazards, e.g., tables, chairs, pianos.

Ultimate Frisbee

Special Rules/Instructions

Skills must be taught in proper progression.

Game activities must be based on skills that are taught and wind conditions.

No intentional body contact.

Adequate liquid replacement must be accessible.

When conducting practices or games, attention must be given to:

• time of day

• previous training e.g. fitness levels of students

• length of time in the sun

Parents must be informed of the importance of sun protection and insect repellent.

The number of games played in one day must not present a safety concern.

Any exposed orthopedic apparatus, which presents a safety concern to other players, must be soft or padded.

Any player with a playing cast must provide a doctor’s note or parent/guardian signed permission indicating it is safe for him/her to play.

Supervision

On-site supervision.

APPENDIX A

Elementary- Interschool Athletics

SECONDARY INTERSCHOOL ATHLETIC PARTICIPATION FORM

This form is to be completed on behalf of a student who wishes to participate in interschool sport and returned to the coach prior to the student’s first practice.

STUDENTS

ADDRESS

PHONE #

SCHOOL

POSTAL CODE

HEALTH CARD NO.

PARENT/GUARDIAN

EMERGENCY CONTACT NAME

WORK PHONE #

PHONE #

PHONE #

NOTE TO PARENT/GUARDIAN: An annual medical examination is recommended

MEDICAL INFORMATION

2. Date of last tetanus immunization

3. Is your son/daughter/ward allergic to any drugs, food or medication/other? Yes

4. Does your son/daughter/ward take any prescriptions drugs? Yes No

5. What medication(s) should the participant have on hand during the sport activity?

6. Does your son/daughter/ward wear a medical alert bracelet , neck chain

7. Does your son/daughter ward wear eyeglasses? Yes No

No If yes, provide details

If yes provide details

Contact lenses? Yes No

or carry a medical alert card? Yes No

8. Please indicate if your son/daughter/ward has been subject to any of the following and provide pertinent details: hearing. allergies head conditions the arthritis or rheumatism, chronic nosebleeds; dizziness; fainting; headaches; hernia; swollen, hyper mobile or painful joints; trick or lock knee

9. Should your son/daughter/ward sustain an injury or contact an illness requiring medical attention during the competitive season, notify the coach and complete the “Request to Resume Athletic Participation Form”, if applicable.

10.

MEDICAL SERVICES AUTHORIZATION (optional)

In case of emergency medical or hospital services being required by the above listed participation, and with the understanding that every reasonable effort will be made by the school/hospital to contact me, my signature on this form authorizes medical personal and /or hospital to administer medical and/or surgical services including anesthesia and drugs. I understand that any cost will be my responsibility.

SIGNATURE OF PARENT/ GUARDIAN DATE

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX A

continued

STUDENT ACCIDENT INSURANCE NOTICE

The (name of School Board) does not provide any accidental death, disability, dismemberment/medical/dental expenses insurance on behalf of the students participating in the activity. For coverage of injuries, you are encouraged to consider the Student Accident Insurance Plan made available by the school to parents at the beginning and throughout the school year.

“School/Board student procedure/expectation may be included here.”

TRANSPORTATION INSURANCE NOTICE “Include your specific

Transportation Policy in this space”

ELEMENTS OF RISK NOTICE

The risk of injury exists in every athletic activity. Falls, collisions and other incidents may occur and cause injury. Due to the very nature of some activities, injuries may range from minor sprains and strains to more serious injuries affecting the head, neck or back. Some injuries can lead to paralysis or prove to be life-threatening. These injuries result from the nature of the activity and can occur without fault on either the part of the student, or the school board or its employees or agents or the facility where the activity is taking place. Activities that are identified as having the potential for more serious consequences are: Alpine skiing, snowboarding, broomball, cheerleading (acrobatic), field hockey, field lacrosse, gymnastics, ice hockey, ringette (ice), swimming, track and field - field events: high jump, shot-put, water polo and wrestling. By choosing to participate in the activity, you are assuming the risk of an injury occurring. The chances of an injury occurring can be reduced by carefully following instructions at all times while engaged in the activity. The (name of School Board) attempts to manage as effectively as possible the risk involved for students while participating in school athletics.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF RISKS/REQUEST TO PARTICIPATE/INFORMED CONSENT AGREEMENT

I/We have read and understand the notices of accident insurance, transportation insurance and elements of risk.

I/We hereby acknowledge and accept the risk inherent in the requested activity and assume responsibility for my son/daughter for personal health, medical, dental and accident insurance coverages.

I/We request my son/daughter/ward to participate on the _____________ ______________ team during the --------------------------------------------- school year.

(Sport)

I/We agree that (name of School Board) or its employees, servants or agents shall not be liable for any injury to my son/daughter/ward or loss or damage to personal property arising from, or in any way resulting from participation in the above listed activities.

Signature of Parent/Guardian___________________________________________________________ Date -----------------------------------------------

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION NOTICE

The information provided on this form is collected pursuant to the Board’s education responsibilities as set out in the Education Act and its regulations. This information is protected under the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act and will be utilized only for the purposes related to the Board’s policy on Risk Management for Interschool Athletics. Any questions with respect to this information should be directed to your school principal.

APPENDIX B

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

SAMPLE REQUEST TO RESUME ATHLETIC PARTICIPATION

This form to be completed by a medical professional (e.g. physician, chiropractor, physiotherapist) or parent/guardian or both.

have tested/ examined , after an injury/illness to or affecting I, his/her , and certify that, in my professional opinion, he/she will be ready to resume participation in

COMMENTS:

(Name of Sport)

as of

(date)

Date Signature

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I, , acknowledge that fact that

(Name of parent / guardian)

(Name of athlete) affecting ,

(body part) and request his /her participation in

(name of sport)

to resume on

(date)

COMMENTS:

Date Parent’s/ Guardian’s Signature

This completed form is to be returned to the coach by any athlete who has missed a practice or game due to an injury or illness requiring professional medical attention.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX C

FIRST AID KIT CONTENTS

In-School Kit Contents:

The following are first aid kit contents that are to be included in a first aid station accessible to the gymnasium.

a. scissors

1 pair of universal scissors

1 splinter tweezers

b. bandages/dressings/tape

48 adhesive bandages, individually wrapped

2 rolls of adhesive tape, 1.5” wide

12 rolls of 1” gauze bandage

48 sterile gauze pads, 3” x 3”

8 rolls of 2” gauze bandage

8 rolls of 4” gauze bandage

6 sterile surgical pads suitable for pressure dressings, individually wrapped

12 triangular bandages splints of assorted sizes

2 rolls of splint padding

6 sterile strips (butterfly wound closures)

c. ice

1 rubber ice bag or plastic bags and access to ice or frozen gel pack

d. other

1 St. John Ambulance emergency first aid book (small)

15 antiseptic towelettes

24 safety pins (small and large) a quarter and emergency telephone numbers (taped to the inside of the box cover)

1 basin, preferably stainless steel

6 pair disposable gloves

2 tensors 2"

2 tensors 4"

1 blanket accessible

Reference: Worker’s Compensation Board Sheridan College Risk Management Program

Sample Portable Off-Site Kit Contents a. scissors

1 pair universal scissors

1 splinter tweezers

b. bandages/dressings/tape

12 adhesive bandages

1 roll adhesive tape 1.5” x 5 yd

1 roll gauze bandage 2” x 5 yd

3 sterile gauze pads 3” x 3”

2 triangular bandages

1 sterile surgical pad suitable for pressure dressing, individually wrapped

3 sterile strips (butterfly wound closures)

c. ice

1 ziplock bag for ice (9" x 12") and access to ice

2 “instant cold packs”

d. other

5 antiseptic towelettes

1 pocket first aid manual

1 tensor bandage 2”

1 tensor bandage 4”

2 pairs disposable gloves a quarter and emergency telephone numbers

Reference: Sports Injury Prevention and Care Program

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX D

SAMPLE EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN

Given that there is an element of risk in all physical activity, an encounter with an injury is highly possible. Recognizing this fact, it is necessary to establish a plan of action for dealing with an injury when it occurs. The key to the Emergency Action Plan is getting the professional care to the injured student as quickly as possible. For that to happen efficiently and effectively, you must be prepared with an Emergency Action Plan. The following is a sample.

You should know the following information:

1) Location and access to the first aid kit;

2) Location and access to a telephone;

3) Telephone number of ambulance and hospital;

4) Directions and best access routes to hospital;

5) The whereabouts of a suitable and available means of transportation.

When an injury occurs:

1) Initially, when coming in contact with the injured student, take control and assess the situation. Exercise universal precautions related to blood/body fluids (see Appendix K).

2) Keep in mind the cardinal rule of injury care:

DO NOT MOVE THE INJURED STUDENT.

IF A STUDENT CANNOT START A MOVEMENT BY HIMSELF/HERSELF, DO NOT MOVE THE BODY PART FOR HIM/HER.

3)

4)

5)

Instruct any bystanders to leave the injured student alone.

Do not remove student’s equipment if there is a risk of further injury.

Evaluate the injury. Assess the severity of the injury and decide whether or not further assistance is required.

6)

If an ambulance is not needed, then decide what action is to be taken to remove the injured student from the playing surface.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX D continued

7) If an ambulance is required: a) Request assistance from another person (teacher/administrator/parent) b) Have this person call an ambulance with the following information:

I. the nature of the emergency;

II. exact location and closest cross streets;

III. the telephone number of your location; c) Report back to confirm that the call has been made and give estimated time of ambulance arrival; d) Go to the access entrance and wait for the ambulance.

8) Once the call has been placed, observe the injured student carefully for any change in condition and try to reassure the injured student until professional help arrives.

9) Do not be forced into moving the injured student unnecessarily.

10) Do not provide the injured student with food or drink, unless otherwise indicated by situation (e.g. diabetes, hypothermia, dehydration).

11) Stay calm. Speak reassuringly.

12) When ambulance attendants arrive, describe what happened, how it happened and what has been done. Inform them about any related medical problems or past injuries of the participant, if known.

13) The in-charge person or a designated adult must accompany the injured student to hospital to help reassure him/her and give the relevant medical history and injury circumstances to the physician.

14) The parents/guardians of the injured student must be contacted as soon as possible after the injury.

15) Complete an accident/incident report and file with appropriate board official and school administrator.

16) Establish emergency communication procedures for off-site or after school outdoors activities, e.g. cellular phone.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX E

STUDENTS’ RESPONSIBILITIES

Students are required to behave in ways that show respect for the safety and well-being of both themselves and others.

From the Education Act:

A pupil shall: a) b) c) d) be diligent in attempting to master such studies as are part of the program in which the pupil is enrolled; exercise self-discipline; accept such discipline as would be exercised by a kind, firm and judicious parent;

show respect for school property.

Every pupil is responsible for his or her conduct to the principal of the school that the pupil attends: a) on the school premises; b) on out-of-school activities that are part of the school program; c) while traveling on a school bus that is owned by a school board or on a bus or school bus that is under contract to a board.

The guidelines of safety are also affected by the student’s skill and understanding, attitude, physical condition, and pre-activity conditioning.

Foolhardy behaviour, the use of alcohol, and the non-medical use of drugs must be viewed as safety hazards and must be strictly forbidden at all times.

This prohibition extends to all curricular and co-curricular activities whether they take place inside school or off school property, e.g. cross-country skiing field trip, in-the-gym basketball activity.

Responsibility for safety in physical education curricular and co-curricular activities in the Intermediate Division should begin to shift from the coach to the student, in keeping with the age and maturity level of the participants. Students must understand how to follow safety procedures and why they should do so.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX F

SAFETY IN ACTIVITY ROOMS

(non gymnasiums used for interschool practice, e.g. concourse, church hall, empty classroom, school basement, etc.)

The following is recommended to optimize safety when using an activity room for interschool activities:

1) An activity room is best suited for activities which have a controlled amount of movement, e.g. aerobics, mat work, fitness stations, skipping, wrestling, dance, bean bag

2) activities, chair activities, etc.

Limit the number of active participants in any activity area at one time, based on the size of the area, risk level of the activity, and maturity of the participants.

3)

If the activity room is in an open area, student traffic must go around, not through, the interschool activity.

4)

Structure activity to provide as much organization as possible.

5)

Caution students not to throw objects at the ceiling, thereby knocking down tiles, dust, lights, etc.

6)

Keep activity away from drinking fountains, stage steps, trophy cases etc. Centre all activities to allow for a “safety zone” of at least one metre around the perimeter. If possible, mark area with pylons.

7)

8)

9)

Precautions are needed to guard against doors opening into the playing area.

Do not allow students to be involved in an activity while the coach goes to the gym or to a storage area to get equipment in the cases of on-site and constant visual supervision.

Ensure floor surface is conducive to activity (e.g. not slippery from water or dirt) and equipment/furniture is not in the way of activity.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX G

SAMPLE SAFETY CHECKLIST GYMNASIUM FACILITIES

SITE NAME: _______________________________________________________

INSPECT FOR:

GYMNASIUM SPACE

• free of “stored” furniture/boxes/equipment along perimeter walls and corners

FLOORS

• clean and dry

• provides for safe foot traction

• clear of objects which may cause tripping/slipping

• floor sockets covered and flush with floor

• floor plates secure in floor, hooks and plate in good condition and flush with

• free of obstructions

• no doorknobs, protruding handles on gym side of door

• doors open away from gym area

STAIRS

• clear of obstacles

• stair treads in good condition

• railings secure

• free of protruding nails, cracks or splinters

CEILING

• tiles and meshings on lights secure

WALLS

• all outlets, switches, registers, etc. that pose an unreasonable hazard must be flush with wall surface or padded

• free of protruding hooks, nails, etc.

MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES

YES NO

COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

INSPECT FOR:

BASKETBALL BACKSTOP

• backboards in good condition

• cable and attachments from backboard to wall secure

• rims secure and straight

• Velcro strips on walls behind backboards in good condition to hold mats

• winch not located directly below a wall-mounted backboard

CHINNING BARS

• secure attachment to wall

• adjustable parts in good condition

PEG BOARDS

• secure attachment to wall

• peg holes and pegs in good condition

FOLDING CLIMBERS

• secure to wall

• cables, pulleys, lock pins, clamps in good condition

• dowels, parallel bars, ladders free from cracks & splinters

STORAGE ROOM

• floor clean and centre area clear of equipment

• equipment stored on designated shelves

• volleyball poles secured to wall, when stored vertically, to prevent falling

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT

• first aid kit fully stocked and accessible

• emergency numbers posted

• access to phone/office via P.A. System

• emergency EXIT lights/signs working

BENCHES

• top and supports free from cracks and splinters

• bolts and screws secure

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES

YES NO

APPENDIX G

continued

COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX G

continued

SAMPLE SAFETY CHECKLIST GYMNASIUM EQUIPMENT

SITE NAME:

INSPECT FOR:

BADMINTON

• rackets useable, no splinters

BALL CARRIERS

• casters working well

• no sharp edges

BALL HOCKEY/FLOOR HOCKEY

• goals have welds and frames in good condition

• wooden floor hockey sticks free of splinters

• plastic ball hockey sticks free of cracks or broken edges/ends

• stick blades secure to shaft

BEAT BOARDS

• free of splinters, broken tops/legs

• springs in good condition

• floor protection pads in good condition

GYMNASTICS - VAULTING BOX (BOX HORSE)

• pad and cover free from tears/wearing

• sufficient padding to absorb impact

• inner post solid

• free of cracks/splinters

• nuts/bolts/screws tight

MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION

YES NO

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

INSPECT FOR:

HIGH JUMP

• standards base attachments and uprights in good condition

• portable pit cover free of tears

• portable pit foam in good condition

• bamboo crossbars completely taped and all bars free of cracks/splinters

HOOPS

• no cracks/bends

MATS

• covers free of tears/wearing

• foam in good condition

• Velcro fasteners continue to stick

SCOOTER BOARDS

• wheels secure

• free of cracks, broken edges

SOFTBALL

• wooden bats uncracked with a good grip end to prevent slippage

VOLLEYBALL NET

• free of frayed exposed wires

• free of tears/holes

VOLLEYBALL POSTS

• hooks, pulleys and ratchet in good condition

• poles secured to wall when stored vertically (to prevent falling)

• padding in good condition with all Velcro fasteners in working order

• covers free of tears/wearing

OTHER

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES

APPENDIX G

continued

COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION

YES NO

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

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SAMPLE SAFETY CHECKLIST GYMNASTICS EQUIPMENT

APPENDIX G

continued

SITE NAME:

INSPECT FOR: MEET S AFE GUIDELINES COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION

FLOOR EXERCISE/TUMBLING MATS

• no holes (rips may be taped)

• uniform thickness and compaction rating throughout

• Velcro closures fastened with no gaps

• 1.5 m clear area around mats

• for competition: mats extend 60.9 cm (24”) beyond boundary at corners

VAULT

• horse is stable, level and at right angles to runway

• no tears in covering (rips may be taped)

• if using a pommel horse for vaulting, pommels removed and points of attachment padded

• height appropriate for student ability level and skill progression being taught

• height adjustment mechanism tight

• minimum 12 cm, 1.88 m x 3.76 m (6’ x 12’) hardside-softside landing mat

• minimum 1.88 m (6’) clearance beyond landing area or pad the wall

• minimum .5 m clearance at sides

• unobstructed, non-slip approach

TAKE-OFF BOARD (not a springboard)

• all bolts tightened and rubber non-slip pads in good condition

• appropriate amount of spring for athlete’s weight (if adjustable)

• aligned at right angle to horse

• carpeted non-slip take-off surface

• distance from horse appropriate to student’s skill level

MINI-TRAMPOLINE

• stable with height adjustment knobs tightened

• appropriate angle for skill progression

• all springs in place with hooks pointing down OR elastic cable in good condition

YES NO

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES

APPENDIX G

continued

COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION INSPECT FOR:

• frame pad completely covers springs/cables and frame

• non-slip rubber feet in good condition

• take-off surface in good condition

BALANCE BEAM

• stable, level, parallel to a wall, minimum 1.5 m from wall or other equipment

• no tears in covering (rips may be glued down)

• height adjustment mechanism locked in and tightened

• appropriate height for students ability level and skill progression

• minimum landing surface: general utility mats extending 1.2 m (4’) at side and

2.4 m (8’) at ends of beam

• if dismounting through inverted position, e.g. round-off, minimum landing surface is

10 cm, 1.88 m x 3.76 m (6’ x 12’) hardside-softside mat

UNEVEN PARALLEL BARS/HIGH BAR

• floor hooks secure and positioned according to manufacturer’s specifications

• no “S” hooks

• no extra link trapped inside link that is attached to floor hook

• if quick-links used, must be fully threaded

• no exposed frayed cables

• turnbuckle hooks equally extended and fully threaded

• tension on cables sufficient to limit sway; sliders locked

• loops on cables fully seated in post hooks

• bases flat on floor, centred between floor hooks

• posts perpendicular to floor when viewed from front/back

• posts in alignment when viewed from side

• height adjustment locking pins fully inserted

• wood/fibreglass rails – no cracks, splinters, caked-on chalk

• steel rail is straight

• minimum two 10 cm, 1.88 m x 3.76 m (6’ x 12’) hardside-softside landing mats

• floor between stands and landing mats padded

YES NO

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

INSPECT FOR:

RINGS

• ring stand (if used) secure, vertical (see uneven bars)

• no kinks, knots in steel cables

• no exposed frayed wire

• leather/webbing straps checked for wear

• rings have no splinters, cracks, chalk build-up

• height from floor appropriate to athlete’s ability level and skill progression being taught

• minimum 10 cm, 1.88 m x 3.76 m (6’ x 12’) hardside-softside landing mat

• for inverted skills: 30.5 cm – 60.9 cm (12” - 24”) solid or cross-linked foam landing pit

POMMEL HORSE

• horse is stable, level

• no tears in covering (rips may be taped or glued down)

• height appropriate for student ability level and skill progression being taught

• height adjustment mechanism tight

• minimum landing surface: general utility mats extending 1.2 m (4’) on all sides

• pommels smooth, no chalk build-up

MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES

NO YES

APPENDIX G

continued

COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX G

continued

SAMPLE SAFETY CHECKLIST OUTSIDE FACILITIES

SITE NAME:

INSPECT FOR:

WALKING AND PLAYING SURFACES

• asphalt areas level and free of holes/broken asphalt

• grass and dirt areas free of holes/ruts

• clear of broken glass, cans, rocks, animal feces, etc.

• free of drainage problems

• clear of trip hazards (exposed footings, roots or other environmental obstacles)

STAIRS

• clear of obstacles

• stair treads in good condition

• railings secure

• wooden sections free of protruding nails, cracks or splinters

BEE NESTS

• free of nests

METAL FENCING

• clips and attachments safely secure

• fencing tight and secure to frame

• no holes in fence or at ground level

• anchors to ground stable, in good condition and safely covered

• posts not compromised by corrosion

BENCHES/BLEACHERS

• free of protruding nails, splinters, cracked or rotted wood

• anchors to ground in good condition and safely covered

SOFTBALL BACKSTOP

• fencing, clips and attachments safely secure

• fencing tight and secure to frame

• no holes in fence or at ground level

• anchors to ground stable, in good condition and safely covered

• posts not compromised by corrosion

MEET S AFE GUIDELINES

YES NO

COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

INSPECT FOR:

SOFTBALL PLAYING SURFACE

• level ground with good drainage

• free of holes/ruts/trash/animal feces

SOCCER GOALS

• framework free from protruding hooks

• anchors to ground stable, in good condition and safely covered

• posts not compromised by corrosion

SOCCER PLAYING SURFACE

• level ground with good drainage

• free of holes/ruts/trash/animal feces

BASKETBALL BACKSTOPS

• backboards in good condition

• rims secure and straight

• pole anchors stable, in good condition and safely covered

• posts not compromised by corrosion

BASKETBALL PLAYING SURFACE

• level playing surface, good drainage

• free of holes/ruts/trash/animal feces

POTENTIAL HAZARDS ON SCHOOL YARD

• trees, exposed roots, posts, streams and other environmental hazards

• hazards identified to all staff and students

• warning signs and barriers where needed

• rules for safe play around hazards is communicated to all students

OTHER - LIST

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES

YES NO

COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION

APPENDIX G

continued

MARCH 1999

ATHLETE ATTENDANCE

NAME

9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX H

SAMPLE COACHES’ PLANNER

Safety Notes

Date:

PRACTICE PLANS:

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX I

SUGGESTED CRITERIA FOR

NON-TEACHER COACHES

Schools are encouraged to consider the following prior to engaging the services of a non-teacher coach.

• Applicant completes an application form; see Appendix J: Sample Volunteer Coaching Application Form.

• Applicant supplies two references.

Applicant demonstrates coaching expertise. For higher risk sports, this may be derived from one of the following:

- NCCP Level One Technical in the sport;

- attendance at a relevant clinic or workshop within the last three years;

- past experience as a competitor or coach in that sport.

• Applicant presents a criminal record check, if requested.

• Applicant agrees to a process for monitoring of his/her coaching activities, e.g. seasonal review.

• Applicant agrees to a process for resolving issues accompanied by appropriate disciplinary action by school.

• Applicant agrees to abide by all relevant policies and procedures.

• Applicant undergoes an orientation session with the school principal or designate to:

- review coaching philosophy of school;

- outline school policies with respect to academic eligibility;

- highlight expected conduct of coach and code of behaviour for athletes;

- clarify school policies with respect to supervision and travel.

• Applicant agrees to attend a pre-season coaching meeting of school and/or association coaches, if requested.

• Applicant agrees to communicate regularly with designated supervisor.

MARCH 1999

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX J

SAMPLE VOLUNTEER COACHING APPLICATION FORM

The following form is to be used when interviewing a potential coach in any one of the following situations: a. The applicant is not an administrator ot someone with teaching certification b. The person’s philosophy and/or expertise is unknown c. The position to be filed is one of head coach or the person would be asked to coach by himself/ herself d. The person would be coaching a higher risk sport e. The principal or designate decide to formally interview for other reasons

Please record pertinent information on this form and keep on file. Interviewers are encouraged to include additional questions which would be relevant to their schools.

CANDIDATE:

Name:

Address

Phone (Home)

E-mail

Work

Health Card Number

1. Please describe your previous coaching experience in

SCHOOL:

Principal/Designate

Team in Question

Higher Risk Sport Yes No

(Specific Sport) as well as coaching in any other sport. Include number of years you have coached,

2. Describe current certification and / or qualification you hold be coaching

Describe other coaching professional development sessions which have helped you learn more about coaching the sport of

3. What are the three primary goals that you are trying to achieve as a coach

4. Have you ever been convicted of any offense under the Criminal Code of Canada for which a pardon has not been granted? Yes

If yes, please explain.

5. Do you understand / support the principals of the “fair play” philosophy in athletes? Yes

Explain how you would apply these principals to your coaching role

No

No

`

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

would standards the coach?

7. Please list two references associated with previous coaching experience.

REFERENCES

Name (Not a Relative) Position

APPENDIX J

continued

Phone Number

This information is collected pursuant to the (Name of School Board’s) role as employer as set out in the Education Act. The information is collected for employment and human resource planning purposes and is within the guidelines set out in the Municipal Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act, 1989. References listed on this form will be contacted for information with respect to your suitability as a volunteer coach of (Name of School Board’s) student athletes.

Date

Signature of Principal/Designate : Date

No

OFFICE USE ONLY

by signature of Principal/Designate : References Checked. Yes

Notes:

Application accepted Not Accepted Orientation session completed Yes No

Date

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX K

UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS RE

BLOOD AND BODILY FLUIDS

• Use impermeable gloves if blood or body fluids containing visible blood are anticipated.

• Stop the bleeding, cover the wound and change the uniform if contaminated with excessive amounts of blood.

• Wash hands and skin after contact with blood.

• Clean any surfaces or equipment with appropriate disinfectant and clean clothes or skin with soap and water or an appropriate antiseptic.

• Use proper disposal procedures for contaminated clothing and equipment.

• Use a ventilation device for emergency resuscitation.

• Avoid direct contact with patient if you have an open skin condition.

• Follow accepted guidelines for control of bleeding and for any body fluids containing visible blood.

• Encourage all participants to use individual water bottles.

M A R C H 1 9 9 9

Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Elementary – Interschool Athletics

APPENDIX L

COACHING EXPECTATIONS

Coaches are required to do the following:

• Distribute, collect, file and maintain Medical Information/Permission to Participate/Acknowledgment of Risk Form for each student who is trying out for the team (see Appendix A).

• Be aware of the school/Athletic Association’s coaching philosophy, playing regulations and by-laws.

• Be aware of and implement the Board’s transportation policy, risk management policy, the school’s academic policy, code of conduct and emergency action plan

• Distribute, collect and file a Request to Resume Athletic Play form from any athlete who has required medical attention (see Appendix B).

• Ensure that a first aid kit is fully stocked and accessible; order any first aid supplies that are needed.

• Follow policies and procedures related to universal precautions with bodily fluids (see Appendix K).

• Attend to proper training procedures for strenuous outdoor sports.

• Ensure that first aid services are on site for all higher risk sport practices and games.

• Document athlete attendance and all practice plans in a higher risk sport (see Appendix H).

• Ensure that spectators do not present a safety concern.

• Encourage all student athletes to have accident insurance.

• Inform parents of game schedules and means of transportation.

• Implement corrective measure to help prevent the reoccurrence of an injury.

• Inspect equipment and facility to ensure it is safe for use.

• Determine that all equipment, whether school provided or personal, meets safety regulations (e.g. football helmets, hockey neck guards).

• Inform athletes that they are not to share water bottles.

• Implement guidelines related to the wearing of jewelry.

• Ensure that a means of communication is available at all competitions, (e.g. cellphone).

• Inform appropriate authorities when playing field conditions present a risk to safety.

• Teach skills in proper progression.

• Outline the inherent risks in the activity to athletes; demonstrate how to minimize the risks; set procedures and rules for safe participation.

• Make athletes aware that they are not to use the facility without the proper supervision in place.

• Sanction students for unsafe play.

• Teach and enforce the rules of the sport.

• Address the supervision of spectators.

• Review sport guidelines and attend coaches’ meetings.

In addition, an outside coach must complete an application form, (see Appendix J) and be interviewed.

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