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Atlantis A02-RA340 User`s manual
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ADSL2+ VPN Router
A02-RA340
A02-RA440
USER’S MANUAL
A02-RA3(4)40_ME01
Company certified ISO 9001:2000
Where solutions begin
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Copyright
The Atlantis Land logo is a registered trademark of Atlantis Land SpA. All other names
mentioned mat be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Subject to
change without notice. No liability for technical errors and/or omissions.
Disclaimer
This company makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with
respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or
fitness for any particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is sold or licensed
"as is". Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not this
company, its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing,
repair, and any incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the
software. Further, this company reserves the right to revise this publication and to make
changes from time to time in the contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of
such revision or changes.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1............................................. 1
1.1 AN OVERVIEW OF THE ADSL2+ VPN ROUTER ........................................................................... 1
1.2 PACKAGE CONTENTS .................................................................................................................... 2
1.3 ADSL2+ VPN ROUTER FEATURES .............................................................................................. 2
1.4 ADSL2+ VPN ROUTER APPLICATION .......................................................................................... 5
CHAPTER 2............................................. 6
2.1 CAUTIONS FOR USING THE ADSL2+ VPN ROUTER ..................................................................... 6
2.2 THE FRONT LEDS ......................................................................................................................... 6
2.3 THE REAR PORTS .......................................................................................................................... 7
2.4 CABLING......................................................................................................................................... 8
CHAPTER 3........................................... 11
3.1 BEFORE CONFIGURATION ........................................................................................................... 11
3.2 CONNECTING THE ADSL2+ VPN ROUTER ................................................................................ 11
3.3 CONFIGURING PC IN WINDOWS .................................................................................................. 12
For Windows 95/98/ME .............................................................................................................. 12
For Windows NT4.0 .................................................................................................................... 14
For Windows 2000 ...................................................................................................................... 15
For Windows XP.......................................................................................................................... 17
3.3.1 Configuration Check ......................................................................................................... 19
3.4 FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS .................................................................................................... 19
3.4.1 Username and Password................................................................................................. 20
3.4.2 LAN and WAN Port Addresses ....................................................................................... 20
3.5 INFORMATION FROM THE ISP ...................................................................................................... 20
3.6 CONFIGURING WITH THE WEB BROWSER ................................................................................... 21
3.6.1 STATUS.............................................................................................................................. 21
3.6.2 Quick Start Guide .............................................................................................................. 23
3.6.3 CONFIGURATION ............................................................................................................ 24
3.6.3.1 LAN ............................................................................................................................... 24
3.6.3.1.1 Bridge Filtering .................................................................................................... 24
3.6.3.1.2 Ethernet................................................................................................................ 25
3.6.3.1.3 Ethernet Client Filter .......................................................................................... 26
3.6.3.1.4 DHCP Server....................................................................................................... 28
3.6.3.2 WAN .............................................................................................................................. 30
3.6.3.2.1 ISP ........................................................................................................................ 30
3.6.3.2.2 DNS ...................................................................................................................... 34
3.6.3.2.3 ADSL .................................................................................................................... 35
3.6.3.3 System............................................................................................................................ 36
3.6.3.3.1 Time Zone............................................................................................................ 36
3.6.3.3.2 Remote Access................................................................................................... 36
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3.6.3.3.3 Firmware Upgrade.............................................................................................. 37
3.6.3.3.4 Backup/Restore .................................................................................................. 38
3.6.3.3.5 Restart .................................................................................................................. 39
3.6.3.3.6 User Management .............................................................................................. 39
3.6.3.4 Firewall .......................................................................................................................... 41
3.6.3.4.1 General Settings ................................................................................................. 41
3.6.3.4.2 Packet Filering .................................................................................................... 43
3.6.3.4.3 Intrusion Detection.............................................................................................. 46
3.6.3.4.4 Url Filtering .......................................................................................................... 47
3.6.3.4.5 Firewall Log ......................................................................................................... 49
3.6.3.5 VPN................................................................................................................................ 50
3.6.3.5.1 VPN - PPTP......................................................................................................... 50
3.6.3.5.2 VPN - IPSec ........................................................................................................ 59
3.6.3.6 QoS ................................................................................................................................ 65
3.6.3.6.1 Prioritization......................................................................................................... 65
3.6.3.6.2 Outbound IP Throttling (LAN to WAN) ........................................................... 66
3.6.3.6.3 Inbound IP Throttling (WAN to LAN) ............................................................... 66
3.6.3.7 Virtual Server................................................................................................................. 67
3.6.3.8 Time Schedule ............................................................................................................... 70
3.6.3.9 Advanced ....................................................................................................................... 71
3.6.3.9.1 Static Route ......................................................................................................... 71
3.6.3.9.2 Dynamic DNS...................................................................................................... 72
3.6.3.9.3 Check Emails ...................................................................................................... 72
3.6.3.9.4 Device Management .......................................................................................... 73
3.6.3.9.5 IGMP..................................................................................................................... 75
3.6.4 Save Config To Flash ....................................................................................................... 76
3.6.5 Logout ................................................................................................................................. 76
APPENDIX A ......................................... 77
APPENDIX B ......................................... 78
APPENDIX C ......................................... 79
A02-RA3(4)40_ME01 (January 2006, V1.00)
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Chapter 1
Introduction
1.1 An Overview of the ADSL2+ VPN Router
Broadband Sharing and IP sharing
The ADSL VPN Firewall Router supports 4 x 10/100 Mbps auto-negotiating Fast Ethernet
ports for connection to your PC or LAN and downstream (with built-in ADSL2+ modem) rate
up to 24Mbps. Power by NAT technology, dozens of network users can surf on the Internet
and share the ADSL connection simultaneously by using one ISP account and one single IP
address.
Security: Firewall & VLAN
This product also serves as an Internet firewall, protecting your network from being accessed
by outside users. Not only provide the natural firewall function (Network Address Translation,
NAT), it also provides rich firewall features to secure user's network.
The VLANs allow to segment the traffic of net and, in this way, they improve management
and performance of entire network.
VPN
The router supports embedded Virtual Private Network (VPN) protocols and up to 16
simultaneous IPSec VPN tunnels for users to establish private encrypted tunnels over the
public Internet (up to 4 VPN tunnels on A02-RA340). With built-in DES/3DES optimized
microcode, the router enhances IPSec VPN performance significantly and ensures data
transmitted securely between two or more sites.
Quality of Service and IP Throttling
QoS gives you full control over which types of outgoing data traffic should be given priority by
the router, ensuring important data like gaming packets move through the router at lightning
speed, even under heavy load.
Using IP Throttling, bandwidth limits can be enforced on any system within your LAN, or even
on a particular application.
Easy Configuration and Management
Support web based GUI and Telnet for configuration and management. Also supports remote
management (Web and telnet) capability for remote user to configure and manage this
product. It incorporates besides a client Dynamic DNS.
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1.2 Package Contents
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•
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Adsl2+ VPN Router (WebShare 340 or WebShare 440)
One CD-ROM containing the online manual
Vera (Multilangue Intercative Tutorial)
One Quick Start Guide
One RJ-11 ADSL/telephone cable
One CAT-5 LAN cable
One PS2/RS232 (DB9 cable)
One AC-DC power adapter (12VDC, 1A)
If any of the above items are missing, please contact your reseller.
1.3 ADSL2+ VPN Router Features
ADSL2+ VPN Router provides the following features:
•
ADSL Multi-Mode Standard: Supports downstream transmission rates of up to
8Mbps and upstream transmission rates of up to 1024Kbps. It also supports rate
management that allows ADSL subscribers to select an Internet access speed suiting
their needs and budgets. It is compliant with Multi-Mode standard (ANSI T1.413,
Issue 2; G.dmt (G.992.1); G.lite (G992.2); G.hs(G994.1); G.dmt.bis(ITU G.992.3);
Gdmt.bisplus(ITU G.992.5)].
•
Fast Ethernet Switch: A 4-port 10/100Mbps fast Ethernet switch is supported in the
LAN site and automatic switching between MDI and MDI-X for 10Base-T and
100Base-TX ports is supported. An Ethernet straight or cross-over cable can be used
directly, this fast Ethernet switch will detect it automatically.
•
Multi-Protocol to Establish A Connection: Supports PPPoA (RFC 2364 - PPP over
ATM Adaptation Layer 5), RFC 1483 encapsulation over ATM (bridged or routed),
PPP over Ethernet (RFC 2516), and IPoA (RFC1577) to establish a connection with
the ISP. The product also supports VC-based and LLC-based multiplexing.
•
Quick Installation Wizard: Supports a WEB GUI page to install this device quickly.
With this wizard, an end user can enter the information easily which they from the ISP,
then surf the Internet immediately.
•
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) and UPnP NAT Traversal: This protocol is used to
enable simple and robust connectivity among stand-alone devices and PCs from
many different vendors. It makes network simple and affordable for users. UPnP
architecture leverages TCP/IP and the Web to enable seamless proximity networking
in addition to control and data transfer among networked devices.
•
Network Address Translation (NAT): Allows multi-users to access outside resource
such as Internet simultaneously with one IP address/one Internet access account.
Besides, many application layer gateway (ALG) are supported such as web browser,
ICQ, FTP, Telnet, E-mail, News, Net2phone, Ping, NetMeeting and others.
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Firewall: Supports SOHO firewall with NAT technology. Automatically detects and
blocks the Denial of Service (DoS) attack. The URL-blocking, packet filtering are also
supported. The hacker’s attack will be recorded associated with timestamp in the
security logging area. More firewall features will be added continually, please visit our
web site to download latest firmware.
•
VLAN: A VLAN is a group of end-stations that are not constrained by their physical
location and can communicate as if a common broadcast domain, a LAN. The primary
utility of using VLAN is to reduce latency and need for routers, using faster switching
instead. Other VLAN utility includes:
•
Security, Security is increased with the reduction of opportunity in
eavesdropping on a broadcast network because data will be switched to
only those confidential users within the VLAN.
•
Cost Reduction, VLANs can be used to create multiple broadcast domains,
thus eliminating the need of expensive routers.
•
Port-based (or port-group) VLAN is the common method of implementing a
VLAN, and is the one supplied in the Switch.
•
QoS: QoS gives you full control over which types of outgoing data traffic should be
given priority by the Router, ensuring important data like gaming packets move
through the Router at lightning speed, even under heavy load.
•
Domain Name System (DNS) relay: provides an easy way to map the domain name
(a friendly name for users such as www.yahoo.com) and IP address. When a local
machine sets its DNS server with this router’s IP address, then every DNS conversion
requests packet from the PC to this router will be forwarded to the real DNS in the
outside network. After the router gets the reply, then forwards it back to the PC.
•
Dynamic Domain Name System (DDNS): The Dynamic DNS service allows you to
alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname. This dynamic IP address is the WAN
IP address. For example, to use the service, you must first apply an account from this
free Web server http://www.dyndns.org/. There are more than 5 DDNS servers
supported.
•
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE): Provide embedded PPPoE client function to establish a
connection. Users can get greater access speed without changing the operation
concept, sharing the same ISP account and paying for one access account. No
PPPoE client software is required for the local computer. The Always ON, Dial On
Demand and auto disconnection (Idle Timer) functions are provided too.
•
Virtual Server: Users can specify some services to be visible from outside users. The
router can detect incoming service request and forward it to the specific local
computer to handle it. For example, users can assign a PC in a LAN acting as a WEB
server inside and expose it to the outside network. Outside users can browse an
inside web server directly while it is protected by NAT. A DMZ host setting is also
provided to a local computer exposed to the outside network, Internet
•
Rich Packet Filtering: Not only filters the packet based on IP address, but also based
on Port numbers. It also provides a higher-level security control.
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•
Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP) client and server: In the WAN site, the
DHCP client can get an IP address from the Internet Server Provider (ISP)
automatically. In the LAN site, the DHCP server can allocate up to 253 client IP
addresses and distribute them including IP address, subnet mask as well as DNS IP
address to local computers. It provides an easy way to manage the local IP network.
•
Static and RIP1/2 Routing: Supports an easy static table or RIP1/2 routing protocol
to support routing capability.
•
SNTP: An easy way to get the network real time information from an SNTP server.
•
SNMP: SNMP is an application layer protocol that is used for managing networks
(V1,V2 and V3)
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Web based GUI: supports web based GUI for configuration and management. It is
user-friendly with an on-line help, providing necessary information and assist user
timing. It also supports remote management capability for remote users to configure
and manage this product.
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Firmware Upgradeable: the device can be upgraded to the latest firmware through
the WEB based GUI.
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Rich management interfaces: Supports flexible management interfaces with local
console port, LAN port, and WAN port. Users can use terminal application through
console port to configure and manage the device, or Telnet, WEB GUI, and SNMP
through LAN or WAN ports to configure and manage a device.
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1.4 ADSL2+ VPN Router Application
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Chapter 2
Using ADSL2+ VPN Router
2.1 Cautions for using the ADSL2+ VPN Router
Do not place the ADSL2+ VPN Router under high humidity and high
temperature.
Do not use the same power source for ADSL2+ VPN Router with other
equipment.
Do not open or repair the case yourself. If the ADSL2+ VPN Router is too
hot, turn off the power immediately and have a qualified serviceman repair it.
Place the ADSL2+ VPN Router on a stable surface.
Only use the power adapter that comes with the package.
2.2 The Front LEDs
LED
Meaning
POWER
SYS
Lit when power ON.
Lit when system is ready.
Lit when connected to Ethernet device
Green for 100Mbps; Orange for 10Mbps
Blinking when data transmit/received.
LAN (1-4)
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ADSL
Lit when successfully connected to an ADSL DSLAM.
PPP/MAIL
Steady glow when there is a PPPoA / PPPoE connection.
Blinking if there is a new incoming mail.
2.3 The Rear Ports
PORT
Meaning
LINE
(RJ-11) (6)
Connect the supplied RJ-11 cable to this port
when connecting to the ADSL/telephone
network.
Connect RS232 cable to the PC.
PS2 (CONSOLE) (5)
LAN
(4 *RJ-45)* (4)
RESET (3)
POWER (Jack) (2)
POWER Switch (1)
Connect an UTP Ethernet cable to one of the
four LAN ports when connecting to a PC or an
office/home network of 10Mbps or 100Mbps.
Press this button in order to reset the router or
restore configuration.
Refeer to the following timing:
0-3 seconds: Router reset
3-6 seconds: no action
6 seconds or more: Restore factory settings.
Connect the supplied power adapter to this
jack.
A Power ON/OFF switch
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2.4 Cabling
The most common problem is bad cabling or ADSL line. Make sure that all connected
devices are turned on. On the front of the product is a bank of LEDs. As a first check, verify
that the LAN Link, ADSL , PWR and SYS LEDs are lit. If they are not, verify that you are
using the proper cables.
Ensure that all other devices connected to the same telephone line as your router (e.g.
telephones, fax machines, analog modems) have a line filter (A01-AF2) connected between
them and the wall socket (unless you are using a Central Splitter or Central Filter installed by
a qualified and licensed electrician), and ensure that all line filters are correctly installed and
the right way around.
Missing line filters or line filters installed the wrong way around can
cause problems with your ADSL connection, including frequent
disconnections.
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ADSL2+ VPN Router
If the ADSL Led flashes periodically You have to force modulation. Click
on Configuration, WAN then ADSL. On the combo-box Connection
Mode please choose ADSL. Press Apply and then click on Save Config
to Flash.
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Chapter 3
Configuration
The ADSL2+ VPN Router can be configured with your Web browser. The web browser is
included as a standard application in the following operation systems, UNIX, Linux, Mac OS,
Windows 95/98/NT/2000/Me, and etc. The product provides a very easy and user-friendly
interface for configuration.
3.1 Before Configuration
This section describes the configuration required by LAN-attached PCs that communicate
with the ADSL2+ VPN Router, either to configure the device or for network access. These
PCs must have an Ethernet interface installed properly, be connected to the ADSL2+ VPN
Router either directly or through an external repeater hub, and have TCP/IP installed and
configured to obtain an IP address through a DHCP server or a fixed IP address that must be
in the same subnet of the ADSL2+ VPN Router.
The default IP address of the ADSL2+ VPN Router is 192.168.1.254 and subnet mask is
255.255.255.0. The best and easy way is to configure the PC to get an IP address from the
ADSL2+ VPN Router.
Also make sure you have UNINSTALLED any kind of software firewall that can cause
problems while accessing the 192.168.1.254 IP address of the router.
Please follow the steps below for PC’s network environment installation. First of all, please
check your PC’s network components. The TCP/IP protocol stack and Ethernet network
adapter must be installed. If not, please refer to MS Windows related manuals.
Any TCP/IP capable workstation can be used to communicate with or
through the ADSL2+ VPN Router. To configure other types of
workstations, please consult the manufacturer’s documentation.
3.2 Connecting the ADSL2+ VPN Router
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•
•
•
Connect the ADSL2+ VPN Router to a LAN (Local Area Network) and the
ADSL/telephone network.
Power on the device
Make sure the PWR is lit steady & LAN/ADSL LED is lit.
Before taking the next step, make sure you have uninstalled any software firewall.
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3.3 Configuring PC in Windows
For Windows 95/98/ME
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network and choose the Configuration tab.
2. Select TCP / IP -> NE2000 Compatible, or the name of any Network Interface Card
(NIC) in your PC.
3.
Click Properties.
4. Select the IP Address tab. In this page, click the Obtain an IP address
automatically radio button.
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5. Then select the DNS Configuration tab.
6. Select the Disable DNS radio button and click “OK” to finish the configuration.
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For Windows NT4.0
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network and choose the Protocols tab.
2. Select TCP/IP Protocol and click Properties.
3. Select the Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server radio button and click
“OK”.
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For Windows 2000
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network and Dial-up Connections.
2. Double-click LAN Area Connection.
3. In the LAN Area Connection Status window, click Properties.
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4.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
5.
Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and the Obtain DNS server
address automatically radio buttons.
6.
Click “OK” to finish the configuration.
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For Windows XP
1. Go to Start / Control Panel (in Classic View). In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network Connections.
2. Double-click Local Area Connection
3. In the LAN Area Connection Status window, click Properties.
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4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
5. Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and the Obtain DNS server
address automatically radio buttons
6. Click “OK” to finish the configuration.
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3.3.1 Configuration Check
In order to verify the Ethernet Card configuration, pleas refeer to the following steps:
1. Click on Start, then Run; type in the Open field cmd.
2. When DOS window appears, type ping 192.168.1.254
The following output will be show:
Pinging 192.168.1.254with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 192.168.1.254: bytes=32 times<10ms TTL=64
Reply from 192.168.1.254: bytes=32 times<10ms TTL=64
Reply from 192.168.1.254: bytes=32 times<10ms TTL=64
3. If the ping command doesn’t works, please check your Ethernet Card configuration.
3.4 Factory Default Settings
Before configurating this ADSL2+ VPN Router, you need to know the following default
settings.
•
Username: admin
•
Password : atlantis
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IP Address : 192.168.1.254
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Subnet Mask : 255.255.255.0
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DHCP server is enabled.
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3.4.1 Username and Password
The default username and password are admin and atlantis respectively.
If you ever forget the password to log in, you may press the RESET button to
restore the factory default settings. After turning the router on press the
Emergency/Failure Recovery Button on the back of the modem, and hold the
button in until all lights on the modem flash and it reboots with factory default
settings. The login will be reset to admin and the password will be reset to
admin, and the modem will be accessible via its default IP address at
http://192.168.1.254/
3.4.2 LAN and WAN Port Addresses
The parameters of LAN and WAN ports are pre-set in the factory. The default values are
shown below.
LAN Port
WAN Port
IP address
192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
DHCP
function
N/A
server Enabled
3.5 Information from the ISP
Before configuring this device, you have to check with your ISP (Internet Service Provider)
what kind of service is provided such as PPPoE, PPPoA, RFC1483, IpoA.
Gather the information as illustrated in the following table and keep it for reference.
VPI/VCI, VC-based/LLC-based multiplexing, Username,
PPPoE
Password, Service Name, and Domain Name System
(DNS) IP address (it can be automatically assigned from
ISP or be set fixed).
PPPoA
VPI/VCI, VC-based/LLC-based multiplexing, Username,
Password, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP
address (it can be automatically assigned from ISP or
be set fixed).
RFC1483 Bridged
RFC1483 Routed
IPoA
VPI/VCI, VC-based/LLC-based multiplexing and configure
this product into BRIDGE Mode.
VPI/VCI, VC-based/LLC-based multiplexing, IP address,
Subnet mask, Gateway address, and Domain Name
System (DNS) IP address (it is fixed IP address).
VPI/VCI, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway address,
and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is fixed
IP address).
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3.6 Configuring with the Web Browser
Open the web browser, enter the local port IP address of this ADSL2+ VPN Router, which
defaults at http://192.168.1.254, and click “Go”, a username and password window will
appear. The default username & password are admin & atlantis, in respectively
You will get a status report web page when login successfully.
At the configuration homepage, the left navigation page where bookmarks are provided links
you directly to the desired setup page, including:
Status (ARP Table, Routing Table, DHCP Table, PPTP Status, IPSec Status, L2TP Status,
Email Status, Event Log, Error Log, Nat Sessions, UPnP PortMap)
Quick Start
Configuration (LAN, WAN, System, Firewall, VPN, QoS, Virtual Server & Advanced)
Save Config to FLASH
Language (provides user interface in multi-languages).
Click on the desired item to expand the page in the main navigation page.
3.6.1 STATUS
Status section provides and contains many items including device H/W and S/W information,
LAN, WAN, Port status and all defined interfaces.
It also provides various and useful information for user to exam the status of the device.
• ARP Table
• Routing Table
• DHCP Table
• PPTP Status
• IPSec Status
• L2TP Status
• Email Status
• Event Log
• Error Log
• NAT Sessions
• Diagnostics
• UPnP PortMap
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When you click the ARP Table, you will see the data of the IP address of each PC in your
LAN as well as its associated MAC address.
When you click the DHCP Table, you can see the status of the assigned IP addresses with
its associated information.
When you click the PPTP Status, it gives you a quick view to know the ADSL Router’s
current status. The status of PPTP connection will be shown.
When you click the Email Status, it gives you a quick view to know if there is email in your
predefined email account. You will see the unread emails in the email server and, once you
have configured successfully the “Check Emails” in Configuration -> Advance.
When you click the Event Log, it displays the valuable system event logging information and
status after the power is turned on, such as ADSL line, WAN port, SNTP, Firewall, and etc.
When you click the Error Log, it shows the error message log. When you face a problem,
please send this error log to support for a quick feedback.
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3.6.2 Quick Start Guide
If you use this device to access the Internet through the ISP, this web page is enough for you
to configure this router and access the Internet without a problem. Please check Chapter 3.5
(Information from the ISP), then enter the proper values into this web page, click the Apply
button and then Save Config to FLASH in the left panel. After the router reboot, you may
check the Status web page to check whether the router is connected to the ISP or not. In
most cases, you can access the Internet immediately. If not, please refer to the sections
below for more information.
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3.6.3 CONFIGURATION
When you click this item, you get following sub-items to configure ADSL2+ VPN Router:
• LAN
• WAN
• System
• Firewall
• VPN
• QoS
• Virtual Server
• Time Schedule
• Advanced
3.6.3.1 LAN
A Local Area Network (LAN) is a shared communication system to which many computers
are attached and is limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or floor of a
building.
There are four items within the LAN section: Bridge Filtering, Ethernet, Ethernet Client
Filtering, Port Setting, DCHP Server
3.6.3.1.1 Bridge Filtering
You can setup member for each port of each VLAN group under Bridge Interface section.
Bridge Interface: Is the name of VLAN Group
VLAN Port: To select which port/ports are parts of this VLAN Group
Management Interface: To specify which VLAN group has possibility to do device
management, like doing web management.
Click on Bridge Interface name to edit Bridge Interface Parameters.
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Note: NAT/NAPT can be applied to management interface only
3.6.3.1.2 Ethernet
The default IP address for the router is 192.168.1.254.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, RIP v1+v2 and RIP v2 Multicast.
The Subnet mask of the Secondary IP Address depends on the setting of
the Primary IP Address.
3.6.3.1.2.1 IP Alias
IP Address: Insert the secondary IP Address
SubNetMask: Set the related SubNetMask
Security Interface: Assign the interface type to the secondary Ip Address
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3.6.3.1.3 Ethernet Client Filter
The Ethernet Client Filter supports up to 16 Ethernet network machines that helps you to
manage your network control to accept traffic from specific authorized machines or can
restrict unwanted machine(s) to access your LAN.
There are no pre-define Ethernet MAC address filter rules; you can add the filter rules to
meet your requirements.
Ethernet Client Filter: Default setting is set to Disable.
•
•
Allowed: check to authorize specific device accessing your LAN by insert the MAC
Address in the space provided. Make sure your PC’s MAC is listed.
Blocked: check to prevent unwanted device accessing your LAN by insert the MAC
Address in the space provided. Make sure your PC’s MAC is not listed.
The maximum client is 16. The MAC addresses are 6 bytes long; they are presented only in
hexadecimal characters. The number 0 - 9 and letters a - f are acceptable.
(Note: Follow the MAC Address Format xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx. Semicolon ( : ) must be
included)
Candidates: automatically detects devices connected to the router through the Ethernet.
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Active PC in LAN displays a list of individual Ethernet device’s IP Address & MAC Address
which connecting to the router.
You can easily by checking the box next to the IP address to be blocked or allowed. Then,
Add to insert to the Ethernet Client Filter table. The maximum Ethernet client is 16.
3.6.3.1.4 Port Setting
This section allows you to configure the settings for the router’s Ethernet ports to solve some
of the compatibility problems that may be encountered while connecting to the Internet, as
well allowing users to tweak the performance of their network.
Port # Connection Type: Five options to choose from: Auto, 10M half-duplex, 10M
fullduplex,
100M half-duplex or 100M full-duplex. Sometimes, there are Ethernet compatibility problems
with legacy Ethernet devices, and you can configure different types to solve compatibility
issues. The default is Auto, which users should keep unless there are specific problems with
PCs not being able to access your LAN.
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IPv4 TOS priority Control (Advanced users): TOS, Type of Services, is the 2nd octet of an
IP packet. Bits 6-7 of this octet are reserved and bit 0-2 are used to specify the priority
(precedence) of the packet, and bits 3-5 are specified the delay, throughput and reliability.
This feature uses bits 0-2 to classify the packet’s priority. If the packet is high priority, it will
flow first. Therefore, when this feature is enabled, the router’s Ethernet switch will check the
2nd octet of each IP packet. If the value in the Precedence of TOS field matches the checked
values in the table (0 to 63), this packet will be treated as high priority.
3.6.3.1.4 DHCP Server
You can disable or enable the DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server or enable
the router’s DHCP relay functions. The DHCP protocol allows your router to dynamically
assign IP addresses to PCs on your network if they are configured to obtain IP addresses
automatically.
If you check Disabled and click Next, then click Apply. The DHCP server function is
disabled. Each PC in the LAN should assign a fixed IP address and set the PC’s gateway to
the ADSL Router.
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If you check DHCP Server and click Next, you can configure parameters of the DHCP server
including the IP pool (starting IP address and ending IP address), leased time for each
assigned IP address, DNS IP address, and Gateway IP address. Those messages are sent
to the DHCP client when
it requests an IP address from the DHCP server. Click Apply to enable this function. If you
check “Use Router as a DNS Server”, the ADSL Router will find the IP address from the
outside network automatically and forward it back to requesting PC in the LAN.
If you check DHCP Relay Agent and click Next, then you will have to enter the IP address of
the DHCP server, which will assign an IP address back to the DHCP client in the LAN. Click
Apply to enable this function.
DHCP Server:
• Disable: Check to disable the ADSL Firewall Router from distributing IP Addresses to
the local network.
If you check this selection, remember to specify a static IP address, subnet Mask, and
DNS setting for each of your local computers. Be careful NOT to assign the same IP
address to different computers.
• DHCP Server: Check to enable the ADSL Firewall Router to distribute IP Addresses,
subnet mask and DNS setting to computers. Hence, the following fields will be
activated.
Starting IP Address: Enter the starting address of this local IP network address pool. The
pool is a piece of continuous IP address segment. The default value is 192.168.1.100.
Ending IP Address: Enter the ending address of this local IP network address pool. The
pool is a piece of continuous IP address segment. The default value is 192.168.1.199
Defaul Lease Time: Value that expresses in second the validity time of assigned address.
Maximum Lease Time: Value that expresses in second the maximum validity time of
assigned address.
Use Router as DNS Server: Each DNS request will be received by router and forwarder to
DNS Server.
Primary/Secondary DNS Server Address: Insert here remote DSN server addresses, it will
be forwarded to LAN hosts by DHCP server.
Use Router as Default Gateway: Specify here which address will be used by LAN hosts as
Default Gateway
DHCP Relay: Selecting this option the DHCP request performed by LAN host will by
delivered by a remote DHCP server passing through ADSL Firewal Router.
Is possibile to force a static IP assignment through function Fixed Host:
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3.6.3.2 WAN
A WAN (Wide Area Network) is an outside connection to another network or the Internet.
There are three items within the WAN section: ISP, DNS and ADSL.
3.6.3.2.1 ISP
The factory default is PPPoE. If your ISP uses this access protocol, click Edit to input other
parameters as below. If your ISP does not use PPPoE, you can change the default WAN
connection entry by clicking Change.
A simpler alternative is to select Quick Start from the main menu on the left. See the Quick
Start section of the manual for more information.
Click Next in order to finish the configuration.
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PPPoE(RFC 2516) or PPPoA(RFC 2364)
PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet) provides access control in a manner similar to dial-up services
using PPP.
It provides access control and billing functionality in a manner similar to dial-up services
using PPP.
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Description: User-definable name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access
the Internet through a single IP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your
LAN have public IP addresses and can access the Internet directly, the NAT function
can be disabled.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128
alphanumeric characters (case sensitive). This will usually be in the format of
“username@ispname” instead of simply “username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128
alphanumeric characters (case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP will
provide you the information. Maximum input is 20 alphanumeric characters.
IP Address: Specify an IP address allowed to logon and access the router’s web
server.
Note: IP 0.0.0.0 indicates all users who are connected to this router are allowed to
logon the device and modify data.
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Authentication Protocol Type: Default is Chap (Auto). Your ISP will advise you
whether to use Chap or Pap.
Always on: If you want the router to establish a PPPoE session when starting up and
to automatically re-establish the PPPoA session when disconnected by the ISP.
Connect to Demand: If you want to establish a PPPoE session only when there is a
packet requesting access to the Internet (i.e. when a program on your computer
attempts to access the Internet).
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no
activity on the line for a predetermined period of time.
Detail: You can define the destination port and packet type (TCP/UDP) without
checking by timer. It allows you to set which outgoing traffic will not trigger and reset
the idle timer.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding
mediaspecific headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
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RFC 1483 Routing or IPoA routed(RFC1577)
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Description: Your description of this connection.
VPI and VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access
the Internet through a single IP account, sharing the single IP address. If users on
your LAN have public IP addresses and can access the Internet directly, the NAT
function can be disabled.
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format, the default is LLC Bridged.
Select the one provided by your ISP. (Only for RFC1483 Routed)
DHCP client: Enable or disable the DHCP client, specify if the router can get an IP
address from the Internet Service Provider (ISP) automatically or not.
Obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP client to enable the DHCP client
function or click Specify an IP address to disable the DHCP client function, and specify
the IP address manually. The setting of this item is specified by your ISP.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, RIP v1+v2 and RIP v2 Multicast.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding
mediaspecific headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
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BRIDGE (PPPoE)
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Description: A user-definable name for this connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
• Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format, this is provided by your
ISP.
3.6.3.2.2 DNS
A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP
addresses. On the Internet, every host has a unique and user-friendly name (domain name)
such as www.yahoo.com and an IP address. An IP address is a 32-bit number in the form of
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx, for example 192.168.1.254. You can think of an IP address as a telephone
number for devices on the Internet, and the DNS allows you to find the telephone number for
any particular domain name. Since an IP Address is hard to remember, the DNS converts the
friendly name into its equivalent IP Address.
You can obtain a Domain Name System (DNS) IP address automatically if your ISP has
provided it when you logon. Usually when you choose PPPoE or PPPoA as your WAN - ISP
protocol, the ISP provides the DNS IP address automatically. You may leave the
configuration field blank. Alternatively, your ISP may provide you with an IP address of their
DNS. If this is the case, you must enter the DNS IP address.
If you choose one of the other protocols, RFC1483 Routed or Bridged,
check with your ISP, as it may provide you with an IP address for their DNS
server. You must enter the DNS IP address if you set the DNS Server
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address on your PC to the LAN IP address of this router.
3.6.3.2.3 ADSL
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Connect Mode: There are three modes ”ADSL”,”ADSL2”and”ADSL2+” that user can
select for this connection.
Modulation: The default is Multimode; it will detect the ADSL line code, G.dmt, G.lite,
andT1.413 automatically. But in some area, it cannot detect the ADSL line code well.
At this time, please adjust the ADSL line code to G.dmt or T1.413 first. If it still fails,
please try the other values such as ALCTL, ADI, etc.
Activate Line: Aborting (false) your ADSL line and making it active (true) again for
taking effectwith setting of Connect Mode.
Coding Gain: Select to Coding gain from 0 to 7 dB or leave to auto
Tx Attenuation: Setting ADSL transmission gain, the value is between 0~12.
DSP Firmware Version: DSP code version
Connected: Display current ADSL line sync status.
Operational Mode: To show the state when user select “AUTO” on connect mode.
Annex Type: To show the router’s type, e.g. Annex A, Annex B
Upstream: Upstream rate
Downstream: Downstream rate
CO Vendor: Show your DSLAM Vendor
Elapsed Time: Show ADSL activity time from last syncronization
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3.6.3.3 System
There are six items within the System section: Time Zone, Remote Access, Firmware
Upgrade, Backup/Restore, Restart and User Management.
3.6.3.3.1 Time Zone
The router does not have a real time clock on board; instead, it uses the Simple Network
Time Protocol (SNTP) to get the current time from an SNTP server outside your network.
Choose your local time zone, click Enable and click the Apply button. After a successful
connection to the Internet, the router retrieves the correct local time from the SNTP server
you have specified. If you prefer to specify an SNTP server other than those in the dropdown list, simply enter its IP address as shown above. Your ISP may provide an SNTP
server for you to use.
Resync Period (in minutes) is the periodic interval the router waits before it resynchronizes
the router’s time with that of the specified SNTP server. To avoid unnecessarily increasing
the load on your specified SNTP server you should keep the poll interval as high as possible
at the absolute minimum every few hours or even days.
3.6.3.3.2 Remote Access
To temporarily permit remote administration of the router (i.e. from outside your LAN), select
a time period the router permits remote access for and click Enable. You may change other
configuration options for the web administration interface using Device Management options
in the Advanced section of the GUI.
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3.6.3.3.3 Firmware Upgrade
Your router’s “firmware” is the software that allows it to operate and provides all its
functionality. Think of your router as a dedicated computer, and the firmware as the software
it runs. Over time this software may be improved and modified. Your router allows you to
upgrade the software it runs to take advantage of these changes.
Clicking on Browse allows you to select the new firmware image file you have downloaded
to your PC. Once the correct file is selected, click Upgrade to update the firmware in your
router.
New Firmware Image: Type in the location of the file you wish to upload in this field or click
Browse ... to find it.
Browse...: Click Browse... to find the .afw file you wish to upload. Remember that you must
decompress compressed (.zip) files before you can upload them.
Upgrade: Click upgrade to begin the upload process. This process may take up to two
minutes.
Do NOT upgrade firmware on any Atlantis Land product over a wireless
connection.
Failure of the device may result. Use only hard-wired network connections.
Restore a saved configuration file generated with another firmware version
may render your Router unstable and prevent some functions from working
properly. After upgrading you must reset the router to factory default settings,
then manually re-enter your settings.
Detach ADSL Line and connect to the Router using only 1 Ethernet port.
Please pay attention. In case electrical shutdown, during this procedure, this
product could be not usable.
When uploading software to the Router, it is important not to interrupt the
Web browser by closing the window or loading a new page. If the browser is
interrupted, it may corrupt the software
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3.6.3.3.4 Backup/Restore
These functions allow you to save and backup your router’s current settings to a file on your
PC, or to restore a previously saved backup. This is useful if you wish to experiment with
different settings, knowing that you have a backup handy in the case of any mistakes. It is
advisable to backup your router’s settings before making any significant changes to your
router’s configuration.
Press Backup to select where on your local PC to save the settings file. You may also
change the name of the file when saving if you wish to keep multiple backups.
Press Browse to select a file from your PC to restore. You should only restore settings files
that have been generated by the Backup function, and that were created when using the
current version of the router’s firmware. Settings files saved to your PC should not be
manually edited in any way.
Select the settings files you wish to use, and press Restore to load those settings into the
router.
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3.6.3.3.5 Restart
Click Restart with option Current Settings to reboot your router and restore your last saved
configuration.
If you wish to restart the router using the factory default settings (for example, after a
firmware upgrade or if you have saved an incorrect configuration), select Factory Default
Settings to reset to factory default settings.
You may also reset your router to factory settings by pressing in the small Reset pinhole
button on the back of your router for 10-12 seconds while the router is turned on. You have to
Switch Off and Switch On the device that boot with factory default settings.
3.6.3.3.6 User Management
To prevent unauthorized access to your router’s configuration interface, all users are required
to login with a password. You can set up multiple user accounts, each with their own
password.
You are able to Edit existing users and Create new users who are able to access the
device’s configuration interface. Once you have clicked on Edit, you are shown the following
options:
You can change the user’s password, whether their account is active and Valid, as well as
add a comment to each user account. These options are the same when creating a user
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account, with the exception that once created you cannot change the username. You cannot
delete the default admin account; however you can delete any other created accounts by
clicking Cancel when editing the user.
You are strongly advised to change the password on the default “admin” account when you
receive your router, and any time you reset your configuration to Factory Defaults.
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3.6.3.4 Firewall
Your router includes a full SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection) firewall for controlling Internet
access from your LAN, as well as helping to prevent attacks from hackers. In addition to this,
when using NAT (Network Address Translation. Please see the WAN configuration section
for more details on NAT) the router acts as a “natural” Internet firewall, as all PCs on your
LAN will use private IP addresses that cannot be directly accessed from the Internet.
Firewall: Prevents access from outside your network. The router provides three levels of
security support:
NAT natural firewall: This masks LAN users’ IP addresses which are invisible to outside
users on the Internet, making it much more difficult for a hacker to target a machine on your
network. This natural firewall is on when NAT function is enabled.
Firewall Security and Policy (General Settings): Inbound direction of Packet Filter rules to
prevent unauthorized computers or applications accessing your local network from the
Internet.
Intrusion Detection: Enable Intrusion Detection to detect, prevent and log malicious attacks.
Access Control: Prevents access from PCs on your local network:
Firewall Security and Policy (General Settings): Outbound direction of Packet Filter rules
to prevent unauthorized computers or applications accessing the Internet.
MAC Filter rules: To prevent unauthorized computers accessing the Internet.
URL Filter: To block PCs on your local network from unwanted websites.
You can find six items under the Firewall section: General Settings, Packet Filter, Intrusion
Detection, MAC Address Filter, URL Filter and Firewall Log.
You can choose not to enable Firewall, to add all filter rules by yourself, or enable the
Firewall using preset filter rules and modify the port filter rules as required. The Packet Filter
is divided into two sections: Port Filters and Address Filters, used to filter packets based-on
Applications (Port) or IP addresses.
There are four options when you enable the Firewall, they are:
• All blocked/User-defined: no pre-defined port or address filter rules by default, meaning that
all inbound (Internet to LAN) and outbound (LAN to Internet) packets will be blocked. Users
have to add their own filter rules for further access to the Internet.
• High/Medium/Low security level: the pre-defined port filter rules for High, Medium and Low
security are displayed in Port Filters of Packet Filter.
Select either High, Medium or Low security level to enable the Firewall. The only
difference between these three security levels is the preset port filter rules in the Packet
Filter. Firewall unfuctionality is the same for all levels; it is only the list of preset port filter that
changes between each setting.
If you choose of the preset security levels and then add custom filters, you may temporarily
disable the firewall and recover your custom filter settings by re-selecting the same security
level.
The “Block WAN Request” is a stand-alone function and not relate to whether security
enable or disable. Mostly it is for preventing any scan tools from WAN site by hacker.
3.6.3.4.1 General Settings
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Firewall Security: When you enable Firewall function, you can select one of the firewall
security policies.
All blocked/User-defined: By default, all of traffic between WAN and LAN are blocked. You
have to configure the type of traffic passed between WAN and LAN, please refer to Packet
Filter below.
High, Medium and Low security level: By default, your system uses High, Medium and
Low firewall security level between the WAN and LAN. For example, when you select High,
the Port Filters of Packet Filter screen will be set automatically according to High security
level settings.
Look the table below for details:
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3.6.3.4.2 Packet Filering
User can decide to enable this firewall function including Packet Filter, Block Hacker Attack,
and Block WAN request features for better security control or not. But be noted, it wastes
network processor computation power. The performance will be lower about 10% to 15%.
More firewall features will be added continually, please visit our web site to download latest
firmware.
Packet filtering function enables you to configure your router to check specified
internal/external user (IP address) from Internet access, or you can disable specific service
request (Port number) to /from Internet. This configuration program allows you to set up
different filter rules up to 10 for different users based on their IP addresses or their network
Port number. The relationship among all filters is “or” operation, which means the device
checks these different filter rules one by one, stating from the first rule.
As long as one of the rules is satisfied, the specified action will be taken. remote server using
the port number.
Packet filtering function enables you to configure your router to check specified
internal/external user (IP address) from Internet access, or you can disable specific service
request (Port number) to /from Internet. This configuration program allows you to set up
different filter rules up to 10 for different users based on their IP addresses or their network
Port number. The relationship among all filters is “or” operation, which means the device
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checks these different filter rules one by one, stating from the first rule. As long as one of the
rules is satisfied, the specified action will be taken.
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Add TCP/UDP Filter: Click this button to add a new packet filter rule. After click, next
figure will appear.
Add Raw IP Filter: Click this button to add a new Protocol Filter.
Packet Filter Rules: On this table, you see packet filter rules; you can click on Edit to
modify rule or Delete
Rule Name: Insert rule name; rule name must be different
Time Schedule: It is self-defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for
your prioritization policy. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section
Source IP Address(es) / Destination IP Address(es): This is the Address-Filter
used to allow or block traffic to/from particular IP address(es). Selecting the Subnet
Mask of the IP address range you wish to allow/block the traffic to or form; set IP
address and Subnet Mask to 0.0.0.0 to inactive the Address-Filter rule.
Type: Specify the packet type (UDP or TCP) that the rule will be applied to.
Source Port: This Port or Port Ranges defines the port allowed to be used by the
Remote/WAN to connect to the application. Default is set from range 0 ~ 65535. It is
recommended that this option be configured by an advanced user.
Destiantion Port: This is the Port or Port Ranges that defines the application.
Inbound / Outbound: Select Allow or Block the access to the Internet
(“Outbound”) or from the Internet (“Inbound”).
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In this example, all TCP packets generated from every IP Address to every IP Address are
allowed.
In this situation, you can surf on Internet and you can host a Web Server.
If you block Inbound, you can surf on Internet but you can’t host a Web Server because all
packets to TCP port 80 Inbound will be blocked.
In this window, you can decide to block or allow any protocol type.
• Rule Name: Insert rule name; rule name must be different
• Time Schedule: It is self-defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for
your prioritization policy. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section
• Protocol Number: Insert protocol number to allow or block
• Inbound / Outbound: Select Allow or Block the access to the Internet
(“Outbound”) or from the Internet (“Inbound”).
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3.6.3.4.3 Intrusion Detection
The router’s Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is used to detect hacker attacks and intrusion
attempts from the Internet. If the IDS function of the firewall is enabled, inbound packets are
filtered and blocked depending on whether they are detected as possible hacker attacks,
intrusion attempts or other connections that the router determines to be suspicious.
Blacklist: If the router detects a possible attack, the source IP or destination IP address will
be added to the Blacklist. Any further attempts using this IP address will be blocked for the
time period specified as the Block Duration. The default setting for this function is false
(disabled). Some attack types are denied immediately without using the Blacklist function,
such as Land attack and Echo/CharGen scan.
Block Duration:
• DoS Attack Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking hosts that attempt a possible
Denial of Service (DoS) attack. Possible DoS attacks this attempts to block include Ascend
Kill and WinNuke. Default value is 1800 seconds.
• Scan Attack Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking hosts that attempt a possible
Scan attack. Scan attack types include X’mas scan, IMAP SYN/FIN scan and similar
attempts. Default value is 86400 seconds.
• Victim Protection Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking Smurf attacks. Default
value is 600 seconds.
Victim Protection: If enabled, IDS will block Smurf attack attempts. Default is false.
Max TCP Open Handshaking Count: This is a threshold value to decide whether a SYN
Flood attempt is occurring or not. Default value is 100 TCP SYN per seconds.
Max PING Count: This is a threshold value to decide whether an ICMP Echo Storm is
occurring or not. Default value is 15 ICMP Echo Requests (PING) per second.
Max ICMP Count: This is a threshold to decide whether an ICMP flood is occurring or not.
Default value is 100 ICMP packets per seconds except ICMP Echo Requests (PING).
For SYN Flood, ICMP Echo Storm and ICMP flood, IDS will just warn the user in the Event
Log. It cannot protect against such attacks.
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3.6.3.4.4 Url Filtering
URL filter rules allow you to prevent users on your network from accessing particular
websites by their URL. There are no predefined URL filter rules; you can add filter rules to
meet your requirements.
Enable/Disable: To enable or disable URL Filter feature.
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Block Mode: A list of the modes that you can choose to check the URL filter rules. The
default is set to Disabled.
• Disabled: No action will be performed by the Block Mode.
• Always On: Action is enabled. URL filter rules will be monitoring and checking at all
hours of the day.
• TimeSlot1 ~ TimeSlot16: It is self-defined time period. You may specify the time
period to check the URL filter rules, i.e. during working hours. For setup and detail,
refer to Time Schedule section.
Keywords Filtering: Allows blocking by specific keywords within a particular URL rather
than having to specify a complete URL (e.g. to block any image called “advertisement.gif”).
When enabled, your specified keywords list will be checked to see if any keywords are
present in URLs accessed to determine if the connection attempt should be blocked. Please
note that the URL filter blocks web browser (HTTP) connection attempts using port 80 only.
Domains Filtering: This function checks the domain name only, not the IP address, in URLs
accessed against your list of domains to block or allow. If it is matched, the URL request will
be sent (Trusted) or dropped (Forbidden). For this function to be activated, both check-boxes
must be checked. The checking procedure is:
1. Check the domain in the URL to determine if it is in the trusted list. If yes, the connection
attempt is sent to the remote web server.
2. If not, check if it is listed in the forbidden list, and if present then the connection attempt
is dropped.
3. If the packet does not match either of the above two items, it is sent to the remote web
server.
4. Please be note that the domain only should be specified, not the full URL. For example to
block traffic to www.sex.com, enter “sex” or “sex.com” instead of “www.sex.com”. In the
example below, the URL request for www.abc.com will be sent to the remote web server
because it is listed in the trusted list, whilst the URL request for www.sex or ww.sex.com will
be dropped, because sex.com is in the forbidden list.
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Restrict URL Features: This function enhances the restriction to your URL rules.
Example: Andy wishes to disable all WEB traffic except for ones listed in the trusted domain,
which would prevent Bobby from accessing other web sites.
Andy selects both functions in the Domain Filtering and thinks that it will stop Bobby. But
Bobby knows this function, Domain Filtering, ONLY disables all WEB traffic except for
Trusted Domain,
BUT not its IP address. If this is the situation, Block surfing by IP address function can be
handy and helpful to Andy. Now, Andy can prevent Bobby from accessing other sites.
• Block Java Applet: This function can block Web content that includes the Java
Applet. It is to prevent someone who wants to damage your system via standard
HTTP protocol.
• Block surfing by IP address: Preventing someone who uses the IP address as URL
for skipping Domains Filtering function. Activates only and if Domain Filtering
enabled.
3.6.3.4.5 Firewall Log
Firewall Log display log information of any unexpected action with your firewall settings.
Check the Enable box to activate the logs.
Log information can be seen in the Status – Event Log after enabling.
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3.6.3.5 VPN
Your router support 2 main types of VPN (Virtual Private Network), PPTP and IPSec, and
these are the two major section choices from the menu on the left. Click Create to select one
of applications to continually setup.
3.6.3.5.1 VPN - PPTP
The router supports PPTP VPN to establish secure, end-to-end private network connections
over a public networking infrastructure. There are two kinds of PPTP VPN connections, one
is remote access (dial-in & dial-out), and the other is LAN-to-LAN access.
Deploying a remote access VPN enables users to reduce the cost by leveraging the local
dial-up infrastructures of the ISP, in addition, transmitting data over a secure VPN tunnel.
LAN-to-LAN PPTP VPN is an alternative WAN infrastructure that is used to connect offices
and home offices to share network resources with each other over a secure VPN tunnel.
There are two types of PPTP VPN supported, Remote Access and LAN-to-LAN (please refer
below for more information.). Click Create to configure a new VPN connection.
Connection Name: This allows you to identify this particular connection, e.g. “Connection to
officeLAN”.
Type: Check Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote
VPNserver, e.g. your office server), check Dial In operates as a VPN server.
• When configuring your router as a Client, enter the remote Server IP Address (or
Hostname)you wish to connection to.
• When configuring your router as a server, enter the Private IP Address Assigned to
Dial in User address.
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host. If
you are a Dial-In user (server), enter your own username.
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by your Host. If
you are a Dial-In user (server), enter your own password.
PPP Authentication Type: Default is Auto if you want the router to determine the
authentication type to use, or else manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake
Authentication Protocol) or PAP (Password Authentication Protocol) if you know which type
the server is using (when acting as a client), or else the authentication type you want clients
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connecting to you to use (when acting as a server). When using PAP, the password is sent
unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the password before sending, and also allows for
challenges at different periods to ensure that the client has not been
replaced by an intruder.
Data Encryption: Data sent over the VPN connection can be encrypted by an MPPE
algorithm.
Default is Auto, so that this setting is negotiated when establishing a connection, or else you
can manually Enable or Disable encryption.
Key Length: The data can be encrypted by MPPE algorithm with 40 bits or 128 bits. Default
is Auto, it is negotiated when establishing a connection. 128 bit keys provide stronger
encryption than 40 bit keys.
Mode: You may select Stateful or Stateless mode. The key will be changed every 256
packets when you select Stateful mode. If you select Stateless mode, the key will be
changed in each packet.
Idle Time: Auto-disconnect the VPN connection when there is no activity on the connection
for a predetermined period of time. 0 means this connection is always on.
Active as default route: Enables the default route.
Click Apply button to apply your changes.
An Example of Configuring a Remote Access PPTP VPN Dial-in
Connection
Background of the Example
A remote worker establishes a PPTP VPN connection with the head office using Microsoft's
VPN Adapter, a piece of software included with Windows 2000/ME, etc. The Router is
installed in the Office Lan, connected to a couple of PCs and Servers.
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Application Diagram Configuring PPTP VPN in the Office LAN Router
The input IP address 192.168.1.200 will be assigned to the remote worker, please make sure
this IP is not used in the Office LAN.
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Configuring PPTP VPN in Remote Side
You can configure VPN client with commercial VPN client software package (e.g. SSH) or
the Dialup Adaptor in Windows. Please follow the steps below if you are a Windows 2000/XP
user.
1.
2. Follow the step and select “Connect to a private network through the Internet”
3. Insert IP Addressor Hostname to call to establish a VPN tunnel
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4.Follow the step, the following screen appears. The setup is completed.
5. To make the connection, click the Virtual Private Connection icon in Dial-up Networking
Group,
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An Example of Configuring a Remote Access PPTP VPN Dial-out
Connection
Background of the Example
Corporate establishes a PPTP VPN connection with the file server located in the remote side.
The router is installed in the office, connected with a couple of PCs and Servers.
Application Diagram
Configuring PPTP VPN in the Office
You can either input the IP address (80.123.23.45 in this case) or hostname to reach the
Server.
Refer also to PPTP VPN – remote access (dial-in) for the other parameters.
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An Example of Configuring a LAN-to-LAN PPTP VPN Connection
Background of the Example
The Remote LAN establishes a PPTP VPN tunnel with the Office LAN to connect two private
networks by leveraging the Internet infrastructure. The routers are installed in the Office Lan
and Remote Lan accordingly.
Product Code
Picture
Public IP
NAT
LAN IP
Subnet Mask
PPTP
Remote LAN
A02-RA440/A02-RA340
Office LAN
A02-WRA4-54G
80.17.56.78
Yes
192.168.1.X
255.255.255.0
Client PPTP
69.121.1.32
Yes
192.168.2.X
255.255.255.0
Server PPTP
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Configuring PPTP VPN in the Office Lan
The input IP address 192.168.2.200 will be assigned to the router located in the Remote
LAN. Please make sure this IP is not used in the head office LAN.
Configuring PPTP VPN in the Remote Lan The input IP address 69.121.1.32 is the Public
IP address of the router located in the Office Lan. If you have a domain name assigned to
this IP address - either you registered the DDNS (please refer to the DDNS section), or you
have a static IP with a domain name, you can also use the Hostname instead of the IP
address to reach the router.
Refer also to Configuring PPTP VPN in the Office LAN for other parameters.
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3.6.3.5.2 VPN - IPSec
The router supports IPSec VPN to establish secure, end-to-end private network connections
over a public networking infrastructure.
Connection Name: A user-defined name for the connection (e.g. “connection to office”).
Local:
Network: Set the IP address, subnet or address range of the local network.
• Single Address: The IP address of the local host.
• Subnet: The subnet of the local network. For example, IP: 192.168.1.0 with
netmask 255.255.255.0 specifies one class C subnet starting from 192.168.1.1
(i.e. 192.168.1.1 through to 192.168.1.254).
• IP Range: The IP address range of the local network. For example, IP:
192.168.1.1, end IP:192.168.1.10
Remote:
• Secure Gateway Address (or Domain Name): The IP address or hostname of the
remote VPN device that is connected and establishes a VPN tunnel.
• Network: Set the IP address, subnet or address range of the remote network.
• Proposal: Select the IPSec security method. There are two methods of checking the
authentication information, AH (authentication header) and ESP (Encapsulating
Security Payload).
Use ESP for greater security so that data will be encrypted and authenticated. Using
AH data will be authenticated but not encrypted.
• Authentication: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures
it is not tampered with in transmit. There are three options, Message Digest 5 (MD5),
Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA1) or NONE. SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force
attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
1. MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
2. SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are several
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options, DES, 3DES, AES (128, 192 and 256) and NULL. NULL means it is a tunnel only
with no encryption. 3DES and AES are more powerful but increase latency.
• DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
• 3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an
encryption method.
• AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, you can use 128, 192 or 256 bits as
encryption method.
Perfect Forward Secrecy: Choose whether to enable PFS using Diffie-Hellman public-key
cryptography to change encryption keys during the second phase of VPN negotiation. This
function will provide better security, but extends the VPN negotiation time. Diffie-Hellman is a
public-key cryptography protocol that allows two parties to establish a shared secret over an
unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the Internet). There are three modes, MODP
768-bit,
MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for Modular Exponentiation Groups.
Pre-shared Key: This is for the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol, a string from 4 to 128
characters. Both sides should use the same key. IKE is used to establish a shared security
policy
and authenticated keys for services (such as IPSec) that require a key. Before any IPSec
traffic
can be passed, each router must be able to verify the identity of its peer. This can be done by
manually entering the pre-shared key into both sides (router or hosts).
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
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This function is only available after completed creating an IPSec account. Click Advanced
Optino to change the following settings
IKE (Internet key Exchange) Mode: Select IKE mode to Main mode or Aggressive mode.
This IKE provides secured key generation and key management.
IKE Proposal:
Hash Function: It is a Message Digest algorithm which coverts any length of a message into
a unique set of bits. It is widely used MD5 (Message Digest) and SHA-1 (Secure Hash
Algorithm)
algorithms.
SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
• MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
• SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are several
options,
DES, 3DES and AES (128, 192 and 256). 3DES and AES are more powerful but increase
latency.
• DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
• 3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an
encryption method.
• AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, you can use 128, 192 or 256 bits as
encryption method.
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Diffie-Hellman Group: It is a public-key cryptography protocol that allows two parties to
establish
a shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the Internet). There are
three
modes, MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for Modular
Exponentiation Groups.
Local ID:
• Type: Specify local ID type.
• Content: Input ID’s information, like domain name www.ipsectest.com.
Remote ID:
• Type: Specify Remote ID type.
• Identifier: Input remote ID’s information, like domain name www.ipsectest.com.
SA Lifetime: Specify the number of minutes that a Security Association (SA) will stay active
before new encryption and authentication key will be exchanged. There are two kinds of SAs,
IKE and IPSec. IKE negotiates and establishes SA on behalf of IPSec, an IKE SA is used by
IKE.
Phase 1 (IKE): To issue an initial connection request for a new VPN tunnel. The range can
be from 5 to 15,000 minutes, and the default is 240 minutes.
Phase 2 (IPSec): To negotiate and establish secure authentication. The range can be from 5
to 15,000 minutes, and the default is 60 minutes.
A short SA time increases security by forcing the two parties to update the keys. However,
everytime the VPN tunnel re-negotiates, access through the tunnel will be temporarily
disconnected.
PING for Keepalive: It is used to detect IPSec tunnel connection failure. Connection failure
is defined as abort or in NO response state. In such event Ping to Keepalive takes proper
action to ensure the connection quality of IPSec.
PING to the IP: It is able to IP Ping the remote PC with the specified IP address and alert
when the connection fails. Once alter message is received, Router will drop this tunnel
connection. Reestablish of this connection is required. Default setting is 0.0.0.0 which
disables the function.
Internal: This sets the time interval between Pings to the IP function to monitor the
connection status. Default interval setting is 10 seconds. Time interval can be set from 0 to
3600 second, 0 second disables the function.
Disconnection Time after no traffic: It is the NO Response time clock. When no traffic
stage time is beyond the Disconnection time set, Router will automatically halt the tunnel
connection and re-establish it base on the Reconnection Time set. Default setting is 1200
seconds; 180 seconds is minimum time interval for this function.
Reconnection Time: It is the reconnecting time interval after NO TRAFFIC is initiated.
Default setting is 15 minutes; 3 minutes is minimum time interval for this function.
Select the Apply button to update the settings.
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An Example of Configuring a LAN-to-LAN IPSec VPN Connection
Product Code
Picture
Public IP
NAT
LAN IP
Subnet Mask
VPN IPSec
Encryption
Authentication
Perfect Forward Secrety
IKE Pre Shared Key
Remote LAN
A02-RA440/A02-RA340
Office LAN
A02-WRA4-54G
69.121.1.31
Yes
192.168.1.X
255.255.255.0
ESP
DES(or 3DES/AES)
MD5 (or SHA1)
None
123456789
69.121.1.32
Yes
192.168.2.X
255.255.255.0
ESP
DES(or 3DES/AES)
MD5 (or SHA1)
None
123456789
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Configuring IPSec VPN in the Office LAN
Configuring IPSec VPN in the Remote LAN
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3.6.3.6 QoS
QoS function helps you to control your network traffic for each application from LAN
(Ethernet) to WAN (Internet). It facilitates you to control the different quality and speed of
through put for each application when the system is running with full loading of upstream.
You can find two items under the QoS section: Prioritization and IP Throttling (bandwidth
management).
3.6.3.6.1 Prioritization
There are three priority settings to be provided in the modem:
• High
• Normal (The default is normal priority for all of traffic without setting).
• Low
The trigger of check can base on IP protocol, port number and address.
And the balance of utilization of each priorities are High(60%), Normal(30%) and Low(10%).
Application: A user-define description to identify this new policy/application.
Time Schedule: Scheduling your prioritization policy.
Priority: The priority given to each policy/application. Its default setting is set to High; you
may adjust this setting to fit your policy/application.
Protocol: The name of supported protocol.
Source Port: The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port: The destination port of packets to be monitored.
Source IP Address Range: The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP address Range: The destination IP address or range of packets to be
monitored.
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DSCP Marking: Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP), it is the first 6 bits in the ToS
byte.
DSCP Marking allows users to classify traffic based on DSCP value and send packets to
next Router.
3.6.3.6.2 Outbound IP Throttling (LAN to WAN)
IP Throttling allows you to limit the speed of IP traffic. The value entered will limit the speed
of the
application that you set to the specified value’s multiple of 32kbps.
Application: A user-define description to identify this new policy/application.
Time Schedule: Scheduling your prioritization policy. Refer to Time Schedule for more
information.
Protocol: The name of supported protocol.
Source Port: The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port: The destination port of packets to be monitored.
Source IP Address Range: The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP address Range: The destination IP address or range of packets to be
monitored.
Outbound Rate Limit: To limit the speed of outbound traffic
3.6.3.6.3 Inbound IP Throttling (WAN to LAN)
IP Throttling allows you to limit the speed of IP traffic. The value entered will limit the speed
of the application that you set to the specified value’s multiple of 32kbps.
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Application: A user-define description to identify this new policy/application.
Time Schedule: Scheduling your prioritization policy. Refer to Time Schedule for more
information.
Protocol: The name of supported protocol.
Source Port: The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port: The destination port of packets to be monitored.
Source IP Address Range: The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP address Range: The destination IP address or range of packets to be
monitored.
Inbound Rate Limit: To limit the speed of for inbound traffic.
3.6.3.7 Virtual Server
When you click Virtual Server, you get the following figure.
If you click on Add Virtual Server, you see the follow window
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Time Schedule: A self-defined time period to enable your virtual server. You may specify a
time schedule or Always on for the usage of this Virtual Server Entry. For setup and detail,
refer to Time Schedule section
Application: Users-define description to identify this entry or click to select existing
predefined rules. Click the Radio button to select the rule; Application, Protocol and
External/Redirect Ports will be filled after the selection.
Protocol: It is the supported protocol for the virtual server. In addition to specifying the port
number to be used, you will also need to specify the protocol used. The protocol used is
determined by the particular application. Most applications will use TCP or UDP.
External Port: The Port number on the Remote/WAN side used when accessing the virtual
server.
Redirect Port: The Port number used by the Local server in the LAN network.
Internal IP Address: The private IP in the LAN network, which will be providing the virtual
server application.
Edit DMZ Host
The DMZ Host is a local computer exposed to the Internet. When setting a particular internal
IP address as the DMZ Host, all incoming packets will be checked by the Firewall and NAT
algorithms then passed to the DMZ host, when a packet received does not use a port
number used by any other Virtual Server entries.
• Disabled: As set in default setting, it disables the DMZ function.
• Enabled: It activates your DMZ function.
Internal IP Address: Give a static IP address to the DMZ Host when Enabled radio button is
checked. Be aware that this IP will be exposed to the WAN/Internet.
One-to-One NAT (Network Address Translation)
One-to-One NAT maps a specific private/local IP address to a global/public IP address.
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If you have multiple public/WAN IP addresses from you ISP, you are eligible for One-to-One
NAT to utilize these IP addresses.
NAT Type: Select desired NAT type. As set in default setting, it disables the One-to-One
NAT function.
Global IP Address:
Subnet: The subnet of the public/WAN IP address given by your ISP. If your ISP has
provided this information, you may insert it here. Otherwise, use IP Range method.
IP Range: The IP address range of your public/WAN IP addresses. For example, IP:
192.168.1.1, end IP: 192.168.1.10
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
Check to Add Entry create a new One-to-One NAT rule:
Time Schedule: A self-defined time period to enable your virtual server. You may specify a
time schedule or Always on for the usage of this Virtual Server Entry. For setup and detail,
refer to Time Schedule section
Application: Users-defined description to identify this entry or click to select existing
predefined rules. Click the Radio button to select the rule; Application, Protocol and
External/Redirect Ports will be filled after the selection.
Protocol: It is the supported protocol for the virtual server. In addition to specifying the port
number to be used, you will also need to specify the protocol used. The protocol used is
determined by the particular application. Most applications will use TCP or UDP;
Global IP: Define a public/ WAN IP address for this Application to use. This Global IP
address must be defined in the Global IP Address.
External Port: The Port number on the Remote/WAN side used when accessing the virtual
server.
Redirect Port: The Port number used by the Local server in the LAN network.
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nternal IP Address: The private IP in the LAN network, which will be providing the virtual
server application. List all existing PCs connecting to the network. You may assign a PC
with IP address and MAC from this list.
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
3.6.3.8 Time Schedule
The Time Schedule supports up to 16 time slots which helps you to manage your Internet
connection. In ch time profile, you may schedule specific day(s) i.e. Monday through Sunday
to restrict or allowing he usage of the Internet by users or applications.
This Time Schedule correlates closely with router’s time, since router does not have a real
time clock on oard; it uses the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to get the current time
from an SNTP server rom the Internet. Refer to Time Zone for details. You router time
should correspond with your local time. f the time is not set correctly, your Time Schedule will
not function properly.
Edit a Time Slot
Choose any Time Slot (ID 1 to ID 16) to edit, click Edit.
A detailed setting of this Time Slot will be shown.
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ID: This is the index of the time slot.
Name: A user-define description to identify this time portfolio.
Day: The default is set from Monday through Friday. You may specify the days for the
schedule to be applied.
Start Time: The default is set at 8:00 AM. You may specify the start time of the schedule.
End Time: The default is set at 18:00 (6:00PM). You may specify the end time of the
schedule.
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
Delete a Time Slot
Click Clear to delete the existing Time profile, i.e. erase the Day and back to default setting of
Start Time / End Time.
3.6.3.9 Advanced
Configuration options within the Advanced section are for users who wish to take advantage
of the more advanced features of the router. Users who do not understand the features
should not attempt to reconfigure their router, unless advised to do so by support staff.
There are four items within the Advanced section: Static Route, Dynamic DNS, Checking
Email, Device Management and IGMP.
3.6.3.9.1 Static Route
Click on Routing Table and then choose Create Route add a routing table.
Destination: This is the destination subnet IP address.
Netmask: Subnet mask of the destination IP addresses based on above destination subnet
IP.
Gateway: This is the gateway IP address to which packets are to be forwarded.
Interface: Select the interface through which packets are to be forwarded.
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Cost: This is the same meaning as Hop. This should usually be left at 1.
3.6.3.9.2 Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS service allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname.
This dynamic IP address is the WAN IP address. For example, to use the service, you must
first apply for an account from this free Web server http://www.dyndns.org/. There are more
than 8 DDNS servers supported.
Dynamic DNS Server: Select the registered DDNS server.
Domain Name, Username and Password: Enter the registered domain name, username
and password.
Period: Set the time period for the Router to exchange information with the DDNS server. In
addition to update periodically according to this period setting, the Router will take the same
action automatically whenever the assigned IP changes.
3.6.3.9.3 Check Emails
Click Checking Email to get the below figure then check the “Enable” button to access the
service.
This function allows you to have the router check your POP3 mailbox for new Email
messages.
The Mail LED on your router will light when it detects new messages waiting for download.
You may also view the status of this function using the Status – Email Checking section of
the web interface, which also provides details on the number of new messages waiting. See
the Status section of this manual for more information.
• Disable: Check to disable the router’s Email checking function.
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•
Enable: Check to enable the routers Emailing checking function. The following fields
will be activated and required:
Account Name: Enter the name (login) of the POP3 account you wish to check.. Normally, it
is the text in your email address before the "@" symbol. If you have trouble with it, please
contact your ISP.
Password: Enter the account’s password.
POP3 Mail Server: Enter your (POP) mail server name. You Internet Service Provider (ISP)
or network administrator will be able to supply you with this.
Interval: Enter the value in minutes between periodic mail checks.
Automatically dial-out for checking emails: When the function is enabled, your ADSL
router will connect to your ISP automatically to check emails if your Internet connection
dropped. Please be careful when using this feature if your ADSL service is charged by time
online.
3.6.3.9.4 Device Management
The Device Management advanced configuration settings allow you to control your router’s
security options and device monitoring features.
Embedded Web Server
HTTP Port: This is the port number the router’s embedded web server (for web-based
configuration) will use. The default value is the standard HTTP port, 80. Users may specify
an alternative if, for example, they are running a web server on a PC within their LAN.
Management IP Address: You may specify an IP address allowed to logon and access the
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router’s web server. Setting the IP address to 0.0.0.0 will disable IP address restrictions,
allowing users to login from any IP address.
Expire to auto-logout: Specify a time frame for the system to auto-logout the user’s
configuration session.
Universal Plug’n’Play
UPnP offers peer-to-peer network connectivity for PCs and other network devices, along with
control and data transfer between devices. UPnP offers many advantages for users running
NAT routers through UPnP NAT Traversal, and on supported systems makes tasks such as
port forwarding much easier by letting the application control the required settings, removing
theneed for the user to control advanced configuration of their device.
Both the user’s Operating System and the relevant application must support UPnP in addition
to the router. Windows XP and Windows Me natively support UPnP (when the component is
installed), and Windows 98 users may install the Internet Connection Sharing client from
Windows XP in order to support UPnP. Windows 2000 does not support UPnP.
• Disable: Check to disable the router’s UPnP functionality.
• Enable: Check to enable the router’s UPnP functionality.
UPnP Port: Its default setting is 2800. It is highly recommended for users to use this port
value. If this value conflicts with other ports already being used you may wish to change the
port.
SNMP Access Control
SNMP V1 and V2
Read Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Read Community, and an P
address.
This community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file.
Once the string name is matched, user obtains this IP address will be able to view the data.
Write Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Write Community, and an IP
address.
This community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file.
Once the string name is matched, users from this IP address will be able to view and modify
the data.
Trap Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Trap Community, and an IP
address.
This community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file.
Once the string name is matched, users from this IP address will be sent SNMP Traps.
SNMP V3
Specify a name and password for authentication. And define the access right from identified
IP address. Once the authentication has succeeded, users from this IP address will be able
to view and modify the data.
SNMP Version: SNMPv2c and SNMPv3
SNMPv2c is the combination of the enhanced protocol features of SNMPv2 without the
SNMPv2 security. The "c" comes from the fact that SNMPv2c uses the SNMPv1 community
string paradigm for "security", but is widely accepted as the SNMPv2 standard. SNMPv3 is a
strong authentication mechanism, authorization with fine granularity for remote monitoring.
Traps supported: Cold Start, Authentication Failure.
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The following MIBs are supported:
• RFC 1213 (MIB-II):
System group
Interfaces group
Address Translation group
IP group
ICMP group
TCP group
UDP group
EGP (not applicable)
Transmission
SNMP group
•
•
•
RFC1650 (EtherLike-MIB):
dot3Stats
RFC 1493 (Bridge MIB):
dot1dBase group
dot1dTp group
dot1dStp group (if configured as spanning tree)
RFC 1471 (PPP/LCP MIB):
pppLink group
pppLqr group
•
RFC 1472 (PPP/Security MIB):
PPP Security Group)
• RFC 1473 (PPP/IP MIB):
PPP IP Group
• RFC 1474 (PPP/Bridge MIB):
PPP Bridge Group
• RFC1573 (IfMIB):
ifMIBObjects Group
• RFC1695 (atmMIB):
atmMIBObjects
• RFC 1907 (SNMPv2):
only snmpSetSerialNo OID
3.6.3.9.5 IGMP
IGMP, known as Internet Group Management Protocol, is used to management hosts from
multicast group.
IGMP Forwarding: Accepting multicast packet. Default is set to Enable.
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IGMP Snooping: Allowing switched Ethernet to check and make correct forwarding
decisions.
Default is set to Enable
3.6.4 Save Config To Flash
After configuring this network router, you have to save all of the configuration parameters to
FLASH.
3.6.5 Logout
To exit the website, choose Logout to exit completely. Please ensure that you have save the
configuration settings before logout.
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APPENDIX A
Specifications
Technical Features
Input Power
Power Consumption
Agency and Regulatory
Dimensions
Weight
IP, NAT, PPTP, ARP, ICMP, DHCP(server, relay and
client), RIP1/2 , SNMP, SNTP client, UPnP, Telnet server,
IGMP
RJ-45, 4 10/100Base-T ports with autonegotiation and
autopolarity
RJ-11 (1 port ADSL/ADSL2/ADSL2+)
RS232 DB9(9600,8,N,1,N)
Reset, Power On/Off
Power, System, Lan (4), PPP ed ADSL
ANSI T1.413 Issue 2, ITU-T G.992.1(Full Rate DMT),
ITU-T G.992.2 (Lite DMT), ITU-T G.994.1 (Multimode),
ITU G.992.3 (G.dmt.bis), ITU G.992.5 (G.dmt.bisplus)
RFC2364(PPPoA), RFC2516(PPPoE), RFC1577 e
RFC1483
ATM AAL2/AAL5 and ATM service class : CBR, UBR,
VBRrt, VBR, ATM Forum UNI 3.0, 3.1 and 4.0
Intrusion Detection, DoS, Port Filters, URL Blocking MAC
Blocking
Port Base VLAN
WAN-LAN e LAN-WAN
VPN Pass Through (IPSec, L2TP, PPTP)
Up to 16 VPN IPSec (A02-RA440)
Up to 4 VPN IPSec(A02-RA340)
Accelerator DES/3DES (A02-RA440)
12V DC @ 1A
< 10watts
CE
175 x 125 x 39 mm
350g
Operatine Umidity
5-95 % without condensation
Operating Temperature
Storage Temperature
0°C to 40°C
-20°C to 65°C
Protocols
LAN port
WAN port
Console port
External buttons
LED Indicators
Standard
ADSL/ADSL2/ADSL2+
Compliance
ADSL/ADSL2/ADSL2+
Protocols
ATM
Firewall
VLAN
QoS
VPN
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APPENDIX B
Traffis Shaping
Traffic Shaping is an agreement between the carrier and the subscriber to regulate the
average rate and “burstiness” or fluctuation of data transmission over an ATM network. This
agreement helps eliminate congestion, which is important for transmission of real time data
such as audio and video connections.
Peak Cell Rate (PCR) is the maximum rate at which the sender can send cells. This
parameter may be lower (but not higher) than the maximum line speed. 1 ATM cell is 53
bytes (424 bits), so a maximum speed of 832 Kbps gives a maximum PCR of 1962 cells/sec.
This rate is not guaranteed because it is dependent on the line speed.
Sustained Cell Rate (SCR) is the mean cell rate of a bursty, on-off traffic source that can be
sent at the peak rate, and a parameter for burst-type traffic. SCR may not be greater than the
PCR; the system default is 0 cells/sec.
Maximum Burst Size (MBS) is the maximum number of cells that can be sent at the PCR.
After MBS is reached, cell rates fall below SCR until cell rate averages to the SCR again. At
this time, more cells (up to the MBS) can be sent at the PCR again. The following figure
illustrates the relationship between PCR, SCR and MBS.
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APPENDIX C
Support
Support
If you have any problems with the ADSL2+ VPN Router, please consult this manual.
If you continue to have problems you should contact the dealer where you bought this ADSL
Router. If you have any other questions you can contact the Atlantis Land company directly
at the following address:
Atlantis Land SpA
Viale De Gasperi, 122
20017 Mazzo di Rho(MI)
Tel: +39. 02.93906085, +39. 02.93907634(help desk)
Fax: +39. 02.93906161
Email: info@atlantis-land.com or tecnici@atlantis land.com
WWW: http://www.atlantis-land.com
All brand and product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks and/or
registered trademarks of their respective holders.
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