Buick | Lucerne 2007 | Specifications | Buick Lucerne 2007 Specifications

2007 Buick Lucerne Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ........................ 7
Front Seats .............................................. 9
Rear Seats ............................................. 19
Safety Belts ............................................ 19
Child Restraints ...................................... 43
Airbag System ........................................ 70
Restraint System Check
......................... 88
Features and Controls ................................. 91
Keys ....................................................... 93
Doors and Locks .................................. 102
Windows ............................................... 108
Theft-Deterrent Systems
....................... 110
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ..... 113
Mirrors .................................................. 129
OnStar® System ................................... 135
Universal Home Remote System
.......... 139
Storage Areas
...................................... 151
Sunroof
................................................ 153
M
Instrument Panel ........................................
Instrument Panel Overview ...................
Climate Controls ...................................
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ....
Driver Information Center (DIC)
............
Audio System(s) ...................................
155
158
182
194
212
241
Driving Your Vehicle .................................. 275
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
..................................... 276
Towing
................................................. 313
Service and Appearance Care ...................
Service .................................................
Fuel ......................................................
Checking Things Under the Hood .........
Headlamp Aiming
.................................
Bulb Replacement
................................
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
....
323
325
327
332
377
380
383
1
Tires .....................................................
Appearance Care ..................................
Vehicle Identification .............................
Electrical System ..................................
Capacities and Specifications ................
385
418
427
428
436
Maintenance Schedule ............................... 439
Maintenance Schedule .......................... 440
Customer Assistance Information ............. 459
Customer Assistance and Information ..... 460
Reporting Safety Defects ...................... 477
Index ........................................................... 481
2
This manual describes features that may be
available in this model, but your vehicle may not
have all of them. For example, more than one
entertainment system may be offered or your
vehicle may have been ordered without a front
passenger or rear seats.
Keep this manual in the vehicle, so it will be there
if it is needed when you are on the road. If the
vehicle is sold, leave this manual in the vehicle.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
BUICK, the BUICK Emblem, and the name
LUCERNE are registered trademarks of General
Motors Corporation.
Canadian Owners
This manual includes the latest information at the
time it was printed. We reserve the right to
make changes after that time without further
notice. For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute
the name “General Motors of Canada Limited”
for Buick Motor Division whenever it appears
in this manual.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 15862327 A First Printing
©
A French language copy of this manual can be
obtained from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
2006 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
3
How to Use This Manual
Many people read the owner manual from
beginning to end when they first receive their new
vehicle. If this is done, it can help you learn
about the features and controls for the vehicle.
Pictures and words work together in the
owner manual to explain things.
Index
A good place to quickly locate information about
the vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual.
It is an alphabetical list of what is in the manual
and the page number where it can be found.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
There are a number of safety cautions in this
book. We use a box and the word CAUTION to
tell about things that could hurt you if you were to
ignore the warning.
4
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could
hurt you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or
reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions. If
you do not, you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a
circle with a slash
through it in this book.
This safety symbol
means “Do Not,” “Do
Not do this” or “Do Not
let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this manual you will find these notices:
The vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along
with the text describing the operation or
information relating to a specific component,
control, message, gage, or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something
that could damage your vehicle.
A notice tells about something that can damage
the vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your vehicle’s warranty, and it could
be costly. But the notice will tell what to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors
or in different words.
There are also warning labels on the vehicle. They
use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage, or indicator, reference the
following topics:
• Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
• Features and Controls in Section 2
• Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
• Climate Controls in Section 3
• Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in
Section 3
• Audio System(s) in Section 3
• Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
5
These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:
6
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ..................................................... 9
Manual Passenger Seat ................................ 9
Power Seats ................................................. 9
Power Lumbar ............................................. 10
Heated Seats .............................................. 11
Heated and Cooled Seats ........................... 12
Memory Seat and Mirrors ............................ 13
Reclining Seatbacks .................................... 14
Head Restraints .......................................... 17
Center Seat ................................................ 18
Rear Seats .................................................... 19
Rear Seat Pass-Through Door .................... 19
Safety Belts .................................................. 19
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ........... 19
Questions and Answers
About Safety Belts ................................... 24
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............. 25
Driver Position ............................................. 25
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment ................. 33
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy .............. 34
Right Front Passenger Position ................... 34
Center Front Passenger Position ................. 35
Rear Seat Passengers ................................ 36
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ................ 39
Safety Belt Pretensioners ............................ 42
Safety Belt Extender ................................... 42
Child Restraints ............................................ 43
Older Children ............................................. 43
Infants and Young Children ......................... 46
Child Restraint Systems .............................. 49
Where to Put the Restraint .......................... 53
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH) .................................... 55
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position ................................... 62
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Front Seat Position ....................... 65
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position ......................... 65
7
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Airbag System .............................................. 70
Where Are the Airbags? .............................. 72
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .................. 76
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? ................... 78
How Does an Airbag Restrain? ................... 79
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates? ........................................ 79
8
Passenger Sensing System ......................... 81
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ...... 86
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .......................... 87
Restraint System Check ............................... 88
Checking the Restraint Systems .................. 88
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ........................................... 89
Front Seats
Power Seats
Manual Passenger Seat
Driver’s Seat with Power Seat Control, Power
Recline, and Power Lumbar shown
Lift the bar located under the front of the seat to
unlock it. Slide the seat to where you want it and
release the bar. Try to move the seat with your body
to be sure the seat is locked in place.
If the vehicle has power seats, the controls used
to operate them are located on the outboard
side of the seats. To adjust the seat, do any of the
following:
• Move the seat forward or rearward by sliding
the control forward or rearward.
• Raise or lower the front part of the seat
cushion by moving the front of the control up
or down.
9
• Raise or lower the rear part of the seat
cushion by moving the rear of the control up
or down.
• Raise or lower the entire seat by moving the
entire control up or down.
If the seats have power reclining seatbacks, see
“Power Reclining Seatbacks” under Reclining
Seatbacks on page 14.
Power Lumbar
Driver’s Seat with Power Seat Control,
Power Recline, and Power Lumbar shown
10
If your vehicle has this feature, the power lumbar
control is located on the outboard side of the
front seats.
Press the lumbar control forward to increase
support and rearward to decrease support in the
lower seatback. Press the control up or down
to raise or lower the support mechanism.
Keep in mind that as your seating position
changes, as it may during long trips, so should the
position of your lumbar support. Adjust the seat
as needed.
Heated Seats
Your vehicle may have heated front seats. To
operate the heated seats, the ignition must be on.
The buttons are located
on the front doors
forward of the door
handle.
Press the button to turn on the desired feature.
A light on that button will display to show
which feature is on.
There are three temperature settings for each
feature. A column of three lights next to the
buttons will display which setting the feature is in:
high, medium or low. Three lights indicate the
highest setting, two lights indicate medium and
one light indicates the lowest setting.
When you press a button, the feature will turn on
at the highest setting. Each time you press the
button, the feature will decrease one temperature
setting.
Driver’s Side Buttons
shown
J (Heated Seat Cushion and Seatback): Press
this button to turn on the heated seat cushion
and seatback.
I (Heated Seatback): Press this button to turn
on the heated seatback.
To turn the feature off, keep pressing the button
until the display lights turn off.
If your vehicle has remote vehicle start and is
started using the remote keyless entry transmitter,
the front heated seats will be turned on to the
high setting if it is cold outside. See “Remote
Vehicle Start” under Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 95. When the key is
inserted into the ignition and the ignition is turned
on, the heated seat feature will turn off. To turn
the heated seat feature back on, press the
desired button.
11
Heated and Cooled Seats
The front seats may have the heated and cooled
seat feature. To heat or cool the seats, the
ignition must be on.
The buttons are
located on the front
doors forward of the
door handle.
Press each button to turn on the desired feature.
A light on that button will display indicating
which feature is on.
There are three temperature settings for each
feature. A column of three lights next to the
buttons will display which setting the feature is in:
high, medium or low. Three lights indicate the
highest setting, two lights indicate medium and
one light indicates the lowest setting.
When you press a button, the feature will turn on
at the highest setting. Each time you press the
button, the feature will decrease one temperature
setting.
To turn the feature off, keep pressing the button
until the display lights turn off.
Driver’s Side Buttons
shown
J (Heated Seat Cushion and Seatback): Press
this button to heat the seat cushion and
seatback.
I (Heated Seatback): Press this button to heat
the seatback.
H (Cooled Seat Cushion and Seatback): Press
this button to cool the seat cushion and seatback.
12
If your vehicle has remote vehicle start and is
started using the remote keyless entry transmitter,
the front heated seats will be turned on to the
high setting if it is cold outside. See “Remote
Vehicle Start” under Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 95. When the key is
inserted into the ignition and the ignition is turned
on, the heated seat feature will turn off. To turn
the heated seat feature back on, press the
desired button.
Memory Seat and Mirrors
Your vehicle may have the memory package.
The controls for this feature are located on the
driver’s door panel, and are used to program and
recall memory settings for the driver’s seat and
the outside mirrors.
To save your positions in memory, do the
following:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat, including the seatback
recliner and lumbar, and both outside mirrors
to your preferred position.
2. Press and hold button 1 until two beeps
sound through the driver’s side front speaker
to let you know that the position has been
stored.
A second seating and mirror position can be
programmed by repeating the above steps and
pressing button 2 for a second driver.
To recall your memory positions, the vehicle must
be in PARK (P). Press and release either
button 1 or button 2 corresponding to the desired
driving position. The seat and outside mirrors
will move to the position previously stored for the
identified driver. You will hear a single beep.
If you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
enter your vehicle and the remote recall memory
feature is on, automatic seat and mirror movement
will occur. See “MEMORY SEAT RECALL”
under DIC Vehicle Customization on page 231 for
more information.
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at
any time, press one of the power seat controls,
memory buttons, or power mirror buttons.
If something has blocked the driver’s seat while
recalling a memory position, the driver’s seat recall
may stop working. If this happens, press the
appropriate control for the area that is not recalling
for two seconds, after the obstruction is removed.
Then try recalling the memory position again
by pressing the appropriate memory button. If the
memory position is still not recalling, see your
dealer for service.
13
Easy Exit Seat
Reclining Seatbacks
The control for this feature is located on the
driver’s door panel between buttons 1 and 2.
Manual Reclining Seatbacks
With the vehicle in PARK (P), the exit position can
be recalled by pressing the exit button. You will
hear a single beep. The driver’s seat will
move back.
If the easy exit seat feature is on in the Driver
Information Center (DIC), automatic seat
movement will occur when the key is removed
from the ignition. See “EASY EXIT SEAT” under
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 231 for
more information.
Further programming for automatic seat movement
can be done using the DIC. You can select or
not select the following:
• The easy exit seat feature.
• The memory seat recall feature.
For programming information, see DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 231.
14
{CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you
try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while
the vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and confuse you,
or make you push a pedal when you do
not want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only
when the vehicle is not moving.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
If the seats have manual reclining seatbacks, the
lever used to operate them is located on the
outboard side of the seats.
To recline the seatback, do the following:
1. Lift the recline lever.
2. Move the seatback to the desired position,
then release the lever to lock the seatback
in place.
3. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
To return the seatback to an upright position, do
the following:
1. Lift the lever fully without applying pressure to
the seatback and the seatback will return to
the upright position.
2. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
Passenger’s Seat shown
15
Power Reclining Seatbacks
Driver’s Seat with Power Seat Control, Power
Recline, and Power Lumbar shown
If the seats have power reclining seatbacks, the
controls used to operate them are located on
the outboard side of the seats.
• Tilt the top of the control rearward to recline
the seatback.
• Tilt the top of the control forward to raise the
seatback.
16
Head Restraints
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your
vehicle is in motion can be dangerous.
Even if you buckle up, your safety belts
cannot do their job when you are reclined
like this.
The shoulder belt cannot do its job. In a
crash, you could go into it, receiving neck
or other injuries.
The lap belt cannot do its job either. In a
crash the belt could go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at your pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is
in motion, have the seatback upright.
Then sit well back in the seat and wear
your safety belt properly.
Adjust the head restraint so that the top of the
restraint is at the same height as the top of
the occupant’s head. This position reduces the
chance of a neck injury in a crash.
Do not have the seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
17
Pull the head restraint
up to raise it.
Center Seat
To lower the head restraint, press the button,
located on the top of the seatback, and push the
head restraint down.
Your vehicle may have a front center seat. This
seat can be converted to a storage area by
lowering the seatback. See Center Flex Storage
Unit on page 152.
For information on safety belts for this position,
see Center Front Passenger Position on page 35.
18
Rear Seats
{CAUTION:
Rear Seat Pass-Through Door
Your vehicle has a pass-through door that provides
access to the trunk from the rear seats. See
“Rear Seat Pass-Through Door” under Trunk
on page 106.
Safety Belts
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use
safety belts properly. It also tells you some things
you should not do with safety belts.
Do not let anyone ride where he or she
cannot wear a safety belt properly. If you
are in a crash and you are not wearing a
safety belt, your injuries can be much
worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be
seriously injured or killed. In the same
crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety
belt, and check that your passengers’
belts are fastened properly too.
19
{CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a
cargo area, inside or outside of a vehicle.
In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or
killed. Do not allow people to ride in any
area of your vehicle that is not equipped
with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and
using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has indicators to remind you and your
passengers to buckle your safety belts. See Safety
Belt Reminder Light on page 196 and Passenger
Safety Belt Reminder Light on page 197.
20
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the
law says to wear safety belts. Here is why:
They work.
You never know if you will be in a crash. If you do
have a crash, you do not know if it will be a
bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be
so serious that even buckled up, a person
would not survive. But most crashes are in
between. In many of them, people who buckle up
can survive and sometimes walk away. Without
belts they could have been badly hurt or killed.
After more than 40 years of safety belts in
vehicles, the facts are clear. In most crashes
buckling up does matter... a lot!
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast
as it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it is just a
seat on wheels.
21
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The
rider does not stop.
22
The person keeps going until stopped by
something. In a real vehicle, it could be the
windshield...
or the instrument panel...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle
does. You get more time to stop. You stop
over more distance, and your strongest bones
take the forces. That is why safety belts
make such good sense.
23
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive far
from home, why should I wear safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I am wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you are wearing a
safety belt or not. But you can unbuckle a
safety belt, even if you are upside down. And
your chance of being conscious during and
after an accident, so you can unbuckle and get
out, is much greater if you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I
have to wear safety belts?
A: Airbags are supplemental systems only; so
they work with safety belts — not instead of
them. Every airbag system ever offered
for sale has required the use of safety belts.
Even if you are in a vehicle that has airbags,
you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That is true not only in frontal
collisions, but especially in side and other
collisions.
24
in an accident — even one that is not your
fault — you and your passengers can be hurt.
Being a good driver does not protect you
from things beyond your control, such as bad
drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of
serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds of
less than 40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know
about safety belts and children. And there
are different rules for smaller children and babies.
If a child will be riding in your vehicle, see
Older Children on page 43 or Infants and Young
Children on page 46. Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
First, you will want to know which restraint
systems your vehicle has.
We will start with the driver position.
Driver Position
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To
see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Do not let it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if you pull the
belt across you very quickly. If this happens,
let the belt go back slightly to unlock it.
Then pull the belt across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
25
Be sure to use the correct buckle when
buckling your lap-shoulder belt. If you find that
the latch plate will not go fully into the
buckle, see if you are using the buckle for the
center passenger position.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure. If the belt is not long enough,
see Safety Belt Extender on page 42.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Move the shoulder belt height adjuster to the
height that is right for you. Improper shoulder
belt height adjustment could reduce the
effectiveness of the safety belt in a crash. See
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment on page 33.
26
6. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder belt.
It may be necessary to pull stitching on the
safety belt through the latch plate to fully
tighten the lap belt on smaller occupants.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In
a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones. And you would be less likely to slide under
the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would
apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder and across the
chest. These parts of the body are best able
to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop
or crash.
27
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give
nearly as much protection this way.
28
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your lap belt
is too loose. In a crash, you could slide
under the lap belt and apply force at your
abdomen. This could cause serious or
even fatal injuries. The lap belt should be
worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the thighs.
A: The lap belt is too loose. It will not give nearly
as much protection this way.
29
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a
crash, the belt would go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at the pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries. Always buckle
your belt into the buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
30
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear
the shoulder belt under your arm. In a
crash, your body would move too far
forward, which would increase the chance
of head and neck injury. Also, the belt
would apply too much force to the ribs,
which are not as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure
internal organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It
should be worn over the shoulder at all times.
31
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted
belt. In a crash, you would not have the
full width of the belt to spread impact
forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straight
so it can work properly, or ask your dealer
to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
32
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
height adjuster to the height that is right for you.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of
the belt is centered on your shoulder. The
belt should be away from your face and neck, but
not falling off your shoulder. Improper shoulder
belt height adjustment could reduce the
effectiveness of the safety belt in a crash.
To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out
of the way. If you slam the door on it, you can
damage both the belt and your vehicle.
To move it down, press
the release button (A)
and move the height
adjuster to the desired
position. You can move
the height adjuster up
just by pushing up on the
shoulder belt guide.
After you move the height adjuster to where you
want it, try to move it down without pressing
the release button to make sure it has locked into
position.
33
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely
to be seriously injured if they do not wear
safety belts.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it
is more likely that the fetus will not be hurt
in a crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone,
the key to making safety belts effective is wearing
them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see Driver Position on page 25.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the
same way as the driver’s safety belt — except
for one thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion
of the belt out all the way, you will engage the
child restraint locking feature. If this happens, just
let the belt go back all the way and start again.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder
belt, and the lap portion should be worn as low as
possible, below the rounding, throughout the
pregnancy.
34
When the safety belt is not in use, slide the latch
plate up so that it is stored on the safety belt
stitching, near the guide loop.
If your vehicle has a center passenger position, be
sure to use the correct buckle when buckling
your lap-shoulder belt. If the latch plate will not go
fully into the buckle, see if you are using the
buckle for the center passenger position.
Center Front Passenger Position
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front bench seat, someone
can sit in the center position.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as
shown until the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the
lap part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt is not long
enough, see Safety Belt Extender on page 42.
When you sit in the center front seating position,
you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor.
To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and
pull it along the belt.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
35
Rear Seat Passengers
It is very important for rear seat passengers to
buckle up! Accident statistics show that unbelted
people in the rear seat are hurt more often in
crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who are not safety belted
can be thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And
they can strike others in the vehicle who are
wearing safety belts.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All rear seating positions have lap-shoulder belts.
Here is how to wear one properly.
36
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let
the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull
the belt across you more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
The latch plates for the safety belts in each
rear seating position vary in size. If the center
rear or the left rear latch plate is inserted
into the incorrect buckle, the plate will not latch
properly. Be sure you are using the correct
buckle and that the latch plate clicks when
inserted into the buckle.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the
way, it will lock. If it does, let it go back
and start again.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it
is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 42.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder part.
37
The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and
across the chest. These parts of the body are
best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or
a crash.
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In
a crash, this applies force to the pelvic bones. And
you would be less likely to slide under the lap
belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force
at your abdomen. This could cause serious or
even fatal injuries.
38
There is one guide for each outside passenger
position in the rear seat. Here is how to install a
comfort guide to the safety belt:
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on
the buckle.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides may provide
added safety belt comfort for older children
who have outgrown booster seats and for small
adults. When installed on a shoulder belt, the
comfort guide better positions the belt away from
the neck and head.
1. Remove the guide from its storage pocket on
the rear side of the seatback.
39
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The
elastic cord must be under the belt. Then,
place the guide over the belt, and insert the
two edges of the belt into the slots of the guide.
40
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies
flat. The elastic cord must be under the belt
and the guide on top.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is not properly worn may
not provide the protection needed in a
crash. The person wearing the belt could
be seriously injured. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across
the chest. These parts of the body are best
able to take belt restraining forces.
4. Buckle, position, and release the safety belt
as described in Rear Seat Passengers on
page 36. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guide, squeeze
the belt edges together so that you can take
them out of the guide. Slide the guide into
its storage pocket on the side of the seatback.
41
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Safety Belt Extender
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners for the
driver and right front passenger. Although you
cannot see them, they are part of the safety belt
assembly. They help tighten the safety belts during
the early stages of a moderate to severe frontal
and near frontal crash if the threshold conditions
for pretensioner activation are met. And, if
your vehicle has side impact airbags, safety belt
pretensioners can help tighten the safety belts in a
side crash.
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a
crash, you will need to get new ones, and
probably other new parts for your safety belt
system. See Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash on page 89.
42
But if a safety belt is not long enough, your dealer
will order you an extender. When you go in to
order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. To
help avoid personal injury, do not let someone else
use it, and use it only for the seat it is made to
fit. The extender has been designed for adults.
Never use it for securing child seats. To wear it,
just attach it to the regular safety belt. For
more information see the instruction sheet that
comes with the extender.
Child Restraints
Older Children
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
A: An older child should wear a lap-shoulder belt
and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt
can provide. The shoulder belt should not
cross the face or neck. The lap belt should fit
snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or
even fatal internal injuries in a crash.
According to accident statistics, children are safer
when properly restrained in the rear seating
positions than in the front seating positions.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can
strike other people who are buckled up, or can be
thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need
to use safety belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats
should wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
43
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder
belt, but the child is so small that the
shoulder belt is very close to the child’s
face or neck?
A: If the child is sitting in a seat next to a
window, move the child toward the center of
the vehicle. Also see Rear Safety Belt
Comfort Guides on page 39. If the child is
sitting in the center rear seat passenger
position, move the child toward the safety belt
buckle. In either case, be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so
that in a crash the child’s upper body would
have the restraint that belts provide.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same
belt. The belt can not properly spread the
impact forces. In a crash, the two children
can be crushed together and seriously
injured. A belt must be used by only
one person at a time.
44
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the
belt in this way, in a crash the child might
slide under the belt. The belt’s force
would then be applied right on the child’s
abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the child’s thighs. This applies belt force
to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
45
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This
includes infants and all other children. Neither the
distance traveled nor the age and size of the
traveler changes the need, for everyone, to use
safety restraints. In fact, the law in every state
in the United States and in every Canadian
province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Never leave children
unattended in a vehicle and never allow
children to play with the safety belts.
46
Every time infants and young children ride in
vehicles, they should have the protection provided
by appropriate restraints. Young children should
not use the vehicle’s adult safety belts alone,
unless there is no other choice. Instead, they need
to use a child restraint.
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their
arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby
does not weigh much — until a crash.
During a crash a baby will become so
heavy it is not possible to hold it. For
example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg) baby will
suddenly become a 240 lb (110 kg) force
on a person’s arms. A baby should be
secured in an appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system
nor its airbag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system
can provide.
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close
to, any airbag when it inflates can be
seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer protection for
adults and older children, but not for
young children and infants.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
47
Q: What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
{CAUTION:
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should
take into consideration not only the child’s
weight, height, and age but also whether or not
the restraint will be compatible with the motor
vehicle in which it will be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there
are many different models available. When
purchasing a child restraint, be sure it is
designed to be used in a motor vehicle. If it is,
the restraint will have a label saying that it
meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions
that come with the restraint state the weight
and height limitations for a particular child
restraint. In addition, there are many kinds
of restraints available for children with
special needs.
48
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck.
This is necessary because a newborn
infant’s neck is weak and its head weighs
so much compared with the rest of its
body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facing
seat settles into the restraint, so the crash
forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the
back and shoulders. Infants always
should be secured in appropriate infant
restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is
quite unlike that of an adult or older child,
for whom the safety belts are designed. A
young child’s hip bones are still so small
that the vehicle’s regular safety belt may
not remain low on the hip bones, as it
should. Instead, it may settle up around
the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt
would apply force on a body area that is
unprotected by any bony structure. This
alone could cause serious or fatal injuries.
Young children always should be secured
in appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use
in a motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system
designed to restrain or position a child on a
continuous flat surface. Make sure that the infant’s
head rests toward the center of the vehicle.
49
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with
the seating surface against the back of the
infant. The harness system holds the infant in
place and, in a crash, acts to keep the infant
positioned in the restraint.
50
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint
for the child’s body with the harness and also
sometimes with surfaces such as T-shaped
or shelf-like shields.
Q: How Should I Use a Child Restraint?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed
for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or
position children. A built-in child restraint
system is a permanent part of the motor
vehicle. An add-on child restraint system is a
portable one, which is purchased by the
vehicle’s owner. To help reduce injuries, an
add-on child restraint must be secured in
the vehicle. With built-in or add-on child
restraints, the child has to be secured within
the child restraint.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed
to improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt
system. Some booster seats have a shoulder belt
positioner, and some high-back booster seats
have a five-point harness. A booster seat can also
help a child to see out the window.
When choosing an add-on child restraint, be
sure the child restraint is designed to be
used in a vehicle. If it is, it will have a label
saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Then follow the instructions
for the restraint. You may find these
instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both.
51
Securing an Add-on Child Restraint in
the Vehicle
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed in
a crash if the child restraint is not properly
secured in the vehicle. Make sure the child
restraint is properly installed in the vehicle
using the vehicle’s safety belt or LATCH
system, following the instructions that
came with that restraint, and also the
instructions in this manual.
To help reduce the chance of injury, the child
restraint must be secured in the vehicle. Child
restraint systems must be secured in vehicle seats
by lap belts or the lap belt portion of a lap-shoulder
belt, or by the LATCH system.
52
See Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 55 for more information. A child
can be endangered in a crash if the child
restraint is not properly secured in the vehicle.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to
the instructions that come with the restraint
which may be on the restraint itself or in a booklet,
or both, and to this manual. The child restraint
instructions are important, so if they are not
available, obtain a replacement copy from the
manufacturer.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
Securing the Child Within the Child
Restraint
There are several systems for securing the child
within the child restraint. One system, the
three-point harness, has straps that come down
over each of the infant’s shoulders and buckle
together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps, and
a crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against
the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
Because there are different systems, it is important
to refer to the instructions that come with the
restraint. A child can be endangered in a crash if
the child is not properly secured in the child
restraint.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. We, therefore, recommend that child
restraints be secured in a rear seat, including an
infant riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child
riding in a forward-facing child seat and an older
child riding in a booster seat.
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed
in a crash if the child is not properly
secured in the child restraint. Make sure
the child is properly secured, following
the instructions that came with that
restraint.
53
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the right
front passenger’s frontal and seat-mounted
side impact airbag if the system detects a
rear-facing child restraint, no system is
CAUTION:
54
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
fail-safe, and no one can guarantee that
an airbag will not deploy under some
unusual circumstance, even though it is
turned off. We recommend that rear-facing
child restraints be secured in the rear
seat, even if the airbags are off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
{CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center
front seat can be badly injured or killed by
the right front passenger’s airbag if it
inflates. Never secure a child restraint in
the center front seat. It is always better to
secure a child restraint in the rear seat.
Wherever you install a child restraint, be sure to
secure the child restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH)
The LATCH system holds a child restraint during
driving or in a crash. This system is designed
to make installation of a child restraint easier. The
LATCH system uses anchors in the vehicle and
attachments on the child restraint that are made for
use with the LATCH system
When installing a child restraint with a top tether,
you must also use either the lower anchors or
the safety belts to properly secure the child
restraint. A child restraint must never be installed
using only the top tether and anchor.
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle,
you need a child restraint that has LATCH
attachments. The child restraint manufacturer will
provide you with instructions on how to use
the child restraint and its attachments. The
following explains how to attach a child restraint
with these attachments in your vehicle.
Not all vehicle seating positions or child restraints
have lower anchors and attachments or top
tether anchors and attachments.
Make sure that a LATCH-compatible child restraint
is properly installed using the anchors, or use
the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint,
following the instructions that came with that
restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.
55
Lower Anchors
Top Tether Anchor
Lower anchors (A) are metal bars built into the
vehicle. There are two lower anchors for each
LATCH seating position that will accommodate a
child restraint with lower attachments (B).
A top tether (A, C) anchors the top of the child
restraint to the vehicle. A top tether anchor is built
into the vehicle. The top tether attachment (B)
on the child restraint connects to the top tether
anchor in the vehicle in order to reduce the forward
movement and rotation of the child restraint
during driving or in a crash.
Your child restraint may have a single tether (A) or
a dual tether (C). Either will have a single
attachment (B) to secure the top tether to the
anchor.
56
Some child restraints that have a top tether are
designed for use with or without the top tether
being attached. Others require the top tether
always to be attached. In Canada, the law requires
that forward-facing child restraints have a top
tether, and that the tether be attached. In
the United States, some child restraints also have
a top tether. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for your child restraint.
If the child restraint does not have a top tether,
one can be obtained, in kit form, for many
child restraints. Ask the child restraint
manufacturer whether or not a kit is available.
Lower Anchor and Top Tether Anchor
Locations
i (Top Tether Anchor):
To assist you in locating
the lower anchors, each
seating position with
lower anchors has
two labels, near
the crease between the
seatback and the
seat cushion.
To assist you in locating
the top tether anchors,
the top tether anchor
symbol is located on the
trim cover.
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
j (Lower Anchor):
Seating positions with
two lower anchors.
Rear Seat
57
Do not secure a child restraint in the right front
passenger’s position if a national or local law
requires that the top tether be attached, or if the
instructions that come with the child restraint
say that the top tether must be attached. There is
no place to attach the top tether in this position.
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they are restrained in the rear rather than
the front seat. See Where to Put the Restraint on
page 53 for additional information.
The top tether anchors are located under the trim
covers on the rear seatback filler panel. Flip
open the trim cover to access the anchors. Be
sure to use an anchor located on the same side of
the vehicle as the seating position where the
child restraint will be placed.
58
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System
{CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not
attached to anchors, the restraint will not
be able to protect the child correctly. In a
crash, the child could be seriously injured
or killed. Make sure that a LATCH-type
child restraint is properly installed using
the anchors, or use the vehicle’s safety
belts to secure the restraint, following the
instructions that came with that restraint,
and also the instructions in this manual.
{CAUTION:
Each top tether anchor and lower anchor
in the vehicle is designed to hold only one
child restraint. Attaching more than one
child restraint to a single anchor could
cause the anchor or attachment to come
loose or even break during a crash. A
child or others could be injured if this
happens. To help prevent injury to people
and damage to your vehicle, attach only
one child restraint per anchor.
59
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Secure any unused
safety belts behind the child restraint so
children cannot reach them. Pull the
shoulder belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock, if your vehicle has
one, after the child restraint has been
installed. Be sure to follow the instructions
of the child restraint manufacturer.
Notice: Contact between the child restraint or
the LATCH attachment parts and the vehicle’s
safety belt assembly may cause damage to
these parts. Make sure when securing unused
safety belts behind the child restraint that
there is no contact between the child restraint
or the LATCH attachment parts and the
vehicle’s safety belt assembly.
60
Folding an empty rear seat with the safety
belts secured may cause damage to the safety
belt or the seat. When removing the child
restraint, always remember to return the safety
belts to their normal, stowed position before
folding the rear seat.
1. Attach and tighten the lower attachments to
the lower anchors. If the child restraint does
not have lower attachments or the desired
seating position does not have lower anchors,
secure the child restraint with the top tether
and the safety belts. Refer to your child
restraint manufacturer instructions and the
instructions in this manual.
1.1. Find the lower anchors for the desired
seating position.
1.2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
1.3. Attach and tighten the lower
attachments on the child restraint to the
lower anchors.
2. If the child restraint manufacturer recommends
that the top tether be attached, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor,
if equipped. Refer to the child restraint
instructions and the following steps:
2.1. Find the top tether anchor.
2.2. Flip open the top tether anchor trim
cover to expose the anchor.
2.3. Route, attach and tighten the top tether
according to your child restraint
instructions and the following
instructions:
If the position you are
using does not have a
head restraint and
you are using a single
tether, route the
tether over the
seatback.
If the position you are
using does not have a
head restraint and
you are using a dual
tether, route the
tether over the
seatback.
If the position you are
using has a fixed head
restraint and you
are using a single
tether, route the tether
over the head
restraint.
61
If the position you are
using has a fixed head
restraint and you
are using a dual tether,
route the tether
around the head
restraint.
3. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position
If your child restraint has the LATCH system, see
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 55.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH
system, you will be using the lap-shoulder
belt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be
sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Put the child restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
62
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way
out of the retractor to set the lock.
63
6. If your child restraint manufacturer
recommends using a top tether, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor.
Refer to the instructions that came with the
child restraint and see Lower Anchors
and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 55.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
5. To tighten the belt, push down on the child
restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the belt, and
feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor.
If you are using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt.
64
To remove the child restraint, if the top tether is
attached to the top tether anchor, disconnect
it. Unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go
back all the way. The safety belt will move
freely again and be ready to work for an adult or
larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Front Seat Position
{CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center
front seat can be badly injured or killed by
the right front passenger’s airbag if it
inflates. Never secure a child restraint in
the center front seat. It is always better to
secure a child restraint in the rear seat.
Do not secure a child restraint in the center front
seat position.
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
Your vehicle has a right front passenger’s airbag.
A rear seat is a safer place to secure a
forward-facing child restraint. See Where to Put
the Restraint on page 53.
In addition, your vehicle has a passenger sensing
system. The passenger sensing system is
designed to turn off the right front passenger’s
frontal airbag and seat-mounted side impact airbag
when an infant in a rear-facing infant seat or a
small child in a forward-facing child restraint
or booster seat is detected. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 81 and Passenger Airbag
Status Indicator on page 198 for more information
on this, including important safety information.
65
A label on your sun visor says, “Never put a
rear-facing child seat in the front.” This is because
the risk to the rear-facing child is so great, if the
airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the right
front passenger’s frontal and
seat-mounted side impact airbag if the
system detects a rear-facing child
restraint, no system is fail-safe, and no
CAUTION:
66
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
one can guarantee that an airbag will not
deploy under some unusual circumstance,
even though it is turned off. We
recommend that rear-facing child
restraints be secured in the rear seat,
even if the airbags are off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat position, move the
seat as far back as it will go before securing
the forward-facing child restraint. See Manual
Passenger Seat on page 9 or Power Seats
on page 9.
If your child restraint has the LATCH system, see
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 55.
There is no top tether anchor at the right front
seating position. Do not secure a child seat in this
position if a national or local law requires that
the top tether be anchored or if the instructions
that come with the child restraint say that the top
tether must be anchored. See Lower Anchors
and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 55 if
the child restraint has a top tether.
You will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure
the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow
the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
1. Your vehicle has a right front passenger’s
frontal airbag. See Passenger Sensing
System on page 81. We recommend that
rear-facing child restraints be secured in a rear
seat, even if the airbag is off. If your child
restraint is forward-facing, move the seat as
far back as it will go before securing the
child restraint in this seat. See Manual
Passenger Seat on page 9 or Power Seats
on page 9.
When the passenger sensing system has
turned off the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag and seat-mounted side impact airbag,
the off indicator on the passenger airbag status
indicator should light and stay lit when you
turn the ignition to RUN or START. See
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator
on page 198.
67
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way
out of the retractor to set the lock.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
68
8. If the airbag is off, the off indicator on the
overhead console will be lit and stay lit
when the key is turned to RUN or START.
If a child restraint has been installed and the on
indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove
the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the
child restraint.
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child
restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the belt, and
feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor.
If you are using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt. You should not be able
to pull more of the belt from the retractor
once the lock has been set.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
If, after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to
make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not
pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion.
If this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s
seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the
child restraint in a rear seat position in the
vehicle and check with your dealer.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the
vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and be
ready to work for an adult or larger child
passenger.
69
Airbag System
Your vehicle has six airbags:
• A frontal airbag for the driver and another
frontal airbag for the right front passenger.
• A seat-mounted side impact airbag for the
driver and another for the right front
passenger.
• A roof-mounted side impact airbag for the
driver and passenger directly behind the driver.
• A roof-mounted side impact airbag for the right
front passenger and the person seated directly
behind that passenger.
Airbags are designed to supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Even though today’s
airbags are also designed to help reduce the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating bag, all
airbags must inflate very quickly to do their job.
70
Here are the most important things to know about
the airbag system:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a
crash if you are not wearing your safety
belt — even if you have airbags. Wearing
your safety belt during a crash helps
reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it.
Airbags are “supplemental restraints” to
the safety belts. All airbags are designed
to work with safety belts but do not
replace them.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Frontal airbags for the driver and right
front passenger are designed to deploy in
moderate to severe frontal and near
frontal crashes. They are not designed to
inflate in rollover, rear crashes, or in many
side crashes. And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal airbags may provide
less protection in frontal crashes than
more forceful airbags have provided in
the past.
Seat-mounted side impact airbags and
roof-mounted side impact airbags are
designed to inflate in moderate to severe
crashes where something hits the side of
your vehicle. They are not designed to
inflate in frontal, in rollover or in rear
crashes. Everyone in your vehicle should
wear a safety belt properly — whether or
not there is an airbag for that person.
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact airbags
inflate with great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you are too close to an
inflating airbag, as you would be if you
were leaning forward, it could seriously
injure you. Safety belts help keep you in
position for airbag inflation before and
during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt even with frontal airbags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while
still maintaining control of the vehicle.
Occupants should not lean on or sleep
against the door.
71
The system checks the airbag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an
electrical problem. See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 197 for more information.
{CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any airbag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer the best protection for adults,
but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor
its airbag system is designed for them.
Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children properly
in your vehicle. To read how, see Older
Children on page 43 or Infants and Young
Children on page 46.
There is an airbag
readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster,
which shows the
airbag symbol.
72
Where Are the Airbags?
The driver’s frontal airbag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
The right front passenger’s frontal airbag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The seat-mounted side impact airbag for the driver
is in the side of the driver’s seatback closest to
the door.
73
The seat-mounted side impact airbag for the right
front passenger is in the side of the passenger’s
seatback closest to the door.
74
The roof-mounted side impact airbag for the driver
and the person seated directly behind the driver
is in the ceiling above the side windows.
{CAUTION:
The roof-mounted side impact airbag for the right
front passenger and the person seated directly
behind that passenger is in the ceiling above the
side windows.
If something is between an occupant and
an airbag, the airbag might not inflate
properly or it might force the object into
that person causing severe injury or even
death. The path of an inflating airbag must
be kept clear. Do not put anything
between an occupant and an airbag, and
do not attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any
other airbag covering. Never secure
anything to the roof of your vehicle by
routing the rope or tie-down through any
door or window opening. If you do, the
path of an inflating airbag will be blocked.
Do not let seat covers block the inflation
path of a side impact airbag. The path of
an inflating airbag must be kept clear.
75
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
airbags are designed to inflate in moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal crashes. But they are
designed to inflate only if the impact exceeds a
predetermined deployment threshold. Deployment
thresholds take into account a variety of desired
deployment and non-deployment events and are
used to predict how severe a crash is likely to be in
time for the airbags to inflate and help restrain the
occupants. Whether your frontal airbags will or
should deploy is not based on how fast your vehicle
is traveling. It depends largely on what you hit, the
direction of the impact, and how quickly your
vehicle slows down.
Your vehicle has a “dual stage” driver airbag,
which adjusts the restraint according to crash
severity using electronic frontal sensor(s) which
help the sensing system distinguish between
a moderate frontal impact and a more severe
frontal impact. The “dual stage” driver airbag
inflates to a level less than full deployment for
moderate frontal impacts and to a full deployment
for more severe frontal impacts.
76
Your vehicle also has a “dual depth” passenger
airbag that adjusts the restraint according to crash
severity, seat location, and safety belt status
using electronic frontal sensor(s) and other special
sensors which enable the sensing system to
monitor the status of the front passenger safety
belt and the position of the front passenger
seat. The passenger airbag inflates to a reduced
depth when the passenger seat is in a forward
position. For more rearward front seating positions,
the passenger airbag may inflate to an increased
depth (a full deployment), based on safety
belt status and the crash severity measured early
in the event. (Always wear your safety belt,
even with frontal airbags.)
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall
that does not move or deform, the threshold
level for the reduced deployment is about
12 to 16 mph (19 to 26 km/h), and the threshold
level for a full deployment is about 17 to 22 mph
(27 to 35 km/h) if the other sensors do not
over-ride this. The threshold level can vary,
however, with specific vehicle design, so that it
can be somewhat above or below this range.
Frontal airbags may inflate at different crash
speeds. For example:
• If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a moving object.
• If the vehicle hits an object that deforms, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle hits an object that
does not deform.
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole),
the airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle hits a wide object
(like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle,
the airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle goes straight into the
object.
Frontal airbags (driver and right front passenger)
are not intended to inflate during vehicle
rollovers, rear impacts, or in many side impacts.
Your vehicle has sensors which enable the
sensing system to monitor the position of the right
front passenger’s seat, whether the occupant is
buckled or unbuckled. The passenger seat position
sensor and passenger safety belt buckle switch
provide information which is used to determine if
the airbags should deploy at a reduced level or full
deployment.
77
Side impact airbags are intended to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes. A side impact
airbag will inflate if the crash severity is above the
system’s designed “threshold level.” The
threshold level can vary with specific vehicle
design. Side impact airbags are not intended to
inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts, rollovers,
or rear impacts. Both roof-mounted side impact
airbags will deploy when either side of the vehicle
is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether
an airbag should have inflated simply because
of the damage to a vehicle or because of what the
repair costs were. For frontal airbags, inflation is
determined by what the vehicle hits, the angle
of the impact, and how quickly the vehicle slows
down. For side impact airbags, inflation is
determined by the location and severity of the
impact.
78
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag
sensing system detects that the vehicle is
in a crash. The sensing system triggers a release
of gas from the inflator, which inflates the
airbag. The inflator, airbag and related hardware
are all part of the airbag modules. Frontal
airbag modules are located inside the steering
wheel and the instrument panel. For vehicles with
seat-mounted side impact airbags, there are
also airbag modules in the side of the front
seatbacks closest to the door. For vehicles with
roof-mounted side impact airbags, there are
also airbag modules in the ceiling of the vehicle,
near the side window.
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the
steering wheel or the instrument panel. In
moderate to severe side collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the inside of the vehicle.
Airbags supplement the protection provided
by safety belts. Airbags distribute the force of the
impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But
the frontal airbags would not help you in many
types of collisions, including rollovers, rear
impacts, and many side impacts, primarily because
an occupant’s motion is not toward the airbag.
Side impact airbags would not help you in many
types of collisions, including many frontal or
near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts.
Airbags should never be regarded as anything
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then
only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions for the driver’s and right front
passenger’s frontal airbags, and only in moderate
to severe side collisions for vehicles with side
impact airbags.
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates?
After frontal airbags and seat-mounted side impact
airbags inflate, they quickly deflate, so quickly
that some people may not even realize an airbag
inflated. Roof-mounted side impact airbags
may still be at least partially inflated minutes after
the vehicle comes to rest. Some components
of the airbag module — the steering wheel hub for
the driver’s airbag, the instrument panel for the
right front passenger’s bag, the side of the
seatback closest to the door for the seat-mounted
side impact airbags, and the area along the
ceiling of your vehicle near the side windows for
roof-mounted side impact airbags — may be
hot for a short time. The parts of the airbag that
come into contact with you may be warm, but not
too hot to touch.
79
There may be some smoke and dust coming from
the vents in the deflated airbags. Airbag inflation
does not prevent the driver from seeing out of the
windshield or being able to steer the vehicle,
nor does it prevent people from leaving the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
When an airbag inflates, there may be
dust in the air. This dust could cause
breathing problems for people with a
history of asthma or other breathing
trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is
safe to do so. If you have breathing
problems but cannot get out of the vehicle
after an airbag inflates, then get fresh air
by opening a window or a door. If you
experience breathing problems following
an airbag deployment, you should seek
medical attention.
80
Your vehicle has a feature that may automatically
unlock the doors, turn the interior lamps on, and
turn the hazard warning flashers on when the
airbags inflate. You can lock the doors, turn the
interior lamps off, and turn the hazard warning
flashers off by using the controls for those features.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate the
airbag, windshields are broken by vehicle
deformation. Additional windshield breakage may
also occur from the right front passenger
airbag.
• Airbags are designed to inflate only once.
After an airbag inflates, you will need
some new parts for the airbag system. If you
do not get them, the airbag system will
not be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include airbag
modules and possibly other parts. The service
manual for your vehicle covers the need to
replace other parts.
• Your vehicle has a crash sensing and
diagnostic module which records information
after a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and
Event Data Recorders on page 471.
• Let only qualified technicians work on the
airbag systems. Improper service can
mean that an airbag system will not work
properly. See your dealer for service.
Passenger Sensing System
Your vehicle has a passenger sensing system.
The passenger airbag status indicator on the
overhead console will be visible when you turn
your ignition key to RUN or START.
United States
Canada
The passenger sensing system will turn off the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag under certain
conditions. The driver’s airbags are not part of the
passenger sensing system.
The passenger sensing system works with sensors
that are part of the right front passenger’s seat and
safety belt. The sensors are designed to detect the
presence of a properly-seated occupant and
determine if the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag and seat-mounted side impact airbag should
be enabled (may inflate) or not.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. We recommend that child restraints be
secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in
a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding
in a booster seat.
The words ON and OFF or the symbol for on and
off, will be visible during the system check.
When the system check is complete, either the
word ON or the word OFF, or the symbol for on or
the symbol for off will be visible. See Passenger
Airbag Status Indicator on page 198.
81
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
CAUTION:
82
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the right
front passenger’s frontal and
seat-mounted side impact airbag if the
system detects a rear-facing child
restraint, no system is fail-safe, and no
one can guarantee that an airbag will not
deploy under some unusual circumstance,
even though it is turned off. We
recommend that rear-facing child
restraints be secured in the rear seat,
even if the airbags are off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
The passenger sensing system is designed to turn
off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag if:
• The right front passenger seat is unoccupied.
• The system determines that an infant is
present in a rear-facing infant seat.
• The system determines that a small child is
present in a forward-facing child restraint.
• The system determines that a small child is
present in a booster seat.
• A right front passenger takes his/her weight off
of the seat for a period of time.
• The right front passenger seat is occupied by
a smaller person, such as a child who has
outgrown child restraints.
• Or if there is a critical problem with the airbag
system or the passenger sensing system.
If a child restraint has been installed and the on
indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove
the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the
child restraint following the child restraint
manufacturer’s directions and refer to Securing a
Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Position
on page 65.
If, after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to
make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not
pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion.
If this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s
seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the
child restraint in a rear seat position in the
vehicle and check with your dealer.
When the passenger sensing system has turned
off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag
and seat-mounted side impact airbag, the off
indicator will light and stay lit to remind you that
the airbags are off.
83
The passenger sensing system is designed to
enable (may inflate) the right front passenger’s
frontal airbag and seat-mounted side impact airbag
anytime the system senses that a person of
adult size is sitting properly in the right front
passenger’s seat. When the passenger sensing
system has allowed the airbags to be enabled, the
on indicator will light and stay lit to remind you
that the airbags are active.
For some children who have outgrown child
restraints and for very small adults, the passenger
sensing system may or may not turn off the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag, depending upon
the person’s seating posture and body build.
Everyone in your vehicle who has outgrown
child restraints should wear a safety belt
properly — whether or not there is an airbag
for that person.
If a person of adult-size is sitting in the right front
passenger’s seat, but the off indicator is lit, it
could be because that person is not sitting properly
in the seat. If this happens, turn the vehicle off
and ask the person to place the seatback in
the fully upright position, then sit upright in the
seat, centered on the seat cushion, with the
person’s legs comfortably extended.
84
Restart the vehicle and have the person remain in
this position for about two minutes. This will
allow the system to detect that person and then
enable the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag and seat-mounted side impact airbag.
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light in the
instrument panel cluster ever comes on
and stays on, it means that something
may be wrong with the airbag system. If
this ever happens, have the vehicle
serviced promptly, because an adult-size
person sitting in the right front
passenger’s seat may not have the
protection of the frontal airbag. See
Airbag Readiness Light on page 197 for
more on this, including important safety
information.
Aftermarket equipment, such as seat covers, can
affect how well the passenger sensing system
operates. You may want to consider not using seat
covers or other aftermarket equipment if your
vehicle has the passenger sensing system. See
Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 87 for more information about
modifications that can affect how the system
operates.
{CAUTION:
Stowing of articles under the passenger’s
seat or between the passenger’s seat
cushion and seatback may interfere with
the proper operation of the passenger
sensing system.
85
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Airbags affect how your vehicle should be
serviced. There are parts of the airbag system in
several places around your vehicle. You do
not want the system to inflate while someone is
working on your vehicle. Your dealer and the
service manual have information about servicing
your vehicle and the airbag system. To purchase a
service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 478.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds, after the ignition is
turned off and the battery is disconnected,
an airbag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are
close to an airbag when it inflates. Avoid
yellow connectors. They are probably part
of the airbag system. Be sure to follow
proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is
qualified to do so.
The airbag system does not need regular
maintenance.
86
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
Q: Because I have a disability, I have to get
Q: Is there anything I might add to the front
A: Changing or moving any parts of the
or sides of the vehicle that could keep the
airbags from working properly?
A: Yes. If you add things that change your
vehicle’s frame, bumper system, height,
front end or side sheet metal, they may keep
the airbag system from working properly.
Also, the airbag system may not work properly
if you relocate any of the airbag sensors. If
you have any questions about this, you should
contact Customer Assistance before you
modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and
addresses for Customer Assistance are in
Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See Customer
Satisfaction Procedure on page 460.
my vehicle modified. How can I find out
whether this will affect my airbag system?
front seats, safety belts, the airbag sensing
and diagnostic module, steering wheel,
instrument panel, ceiling headliner, ceiling and
pillar garnish trim, roof-mounted airbag
modules, or airbag wiring can affect the
operation of the airbag system. If you have
questions, call Customer Assistance. The
phone numbers and addresses for Customer
Assistance are in Step Two of the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure in this manual.
See Customer Satisfaction Procedure
on page 460.
87
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder
light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates,
retractors and anchorages are working properly.
Look for any other loose or damaged safety
belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have
it repaired. Keep safety belts clean and dry.
See Care of Safety Belts on page 422 for more
information.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in
a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces.
If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken airbag
covers, and have them repaired or replaced. The
airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
88
Notice: If you damage the covering for the
driver’s or the right front passenger’s airbag,
or the airbag covering on the driver’s and
right front passenger’s seatback, or the side
impact airbag covering on the ceiling near the
side windows, the bag may not work properly.
You may have to replace the airbag module
in the steering wheel, both the airbag module
and the instrument panel for the right front
passenger’s airbag, the airbag module
and seatback for the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seat-mounted side impact airbags,
or side impact airbag module and ceiling
covering for the roof-mounted side impact
airbag. Do not open or break the airbag
coverings.
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems
in your vehicle. A damaged restraint
system may not properly protect the
person using it, resulting in serious injury
or even death in a crash. To help make
sure your restraint systems are working
properly after a crash, have them inspected
and any necessary replacements made as
soon as possible.
If you have had a crash, do you need new belts or
LATCH system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be
necessary. But if the belts were stretched, as they
would be if worn during a more severe crash,
then you need new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a
more severe crash, you may need new LATCH
system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them.
Collision damage also may mean you will need to
have LATCH system, safety belt or seat parts
repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may
be necessary even if the belt or LATCH system
was not being used at the time of the collision.
If an airbag inflates, you will need to replace airbag
system parts. See the part on the airbag system
earlier in this section.
If the frontal airbags inflate you will also need to
replace the driver and front passenger’s safety belt
retractor assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the
new retractor assembly will be there to help protect
you in a collision.
After a crash you may need to replace the driver
and front passenger’s safety belt retractor
assemblies, even if the frontal airbags have not
deployed. The driver and front passenger’s safety
belt retractor assemblies contain the safety belt
pretensioners. Have your safety belt pretensioners
checked if your vehicle has been in a collision,
or if your airbag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle or while you are driving. See
Airbag Readiness Light on page 197.
89
✍ NOTES
90
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys .............................................................. 93
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System .......... 94
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation ................................................. 95
Doors and Locks ........................................ 102
Door Locks ................................................ 102
Power Door Locks ..................................... 103
Delayed Locking ........................................ 103
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ........ 104
Rear Door Security Locks ......................... 104
Lockout Protection ..................................... 105
Trunk ........................................................ 106
Windows ...................................................... 108
Power Windows ........................................ 109
Sun Visors ................................................ 109
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................. 110
Content Theft-Deterrent ............................. 110
PASS-Key® III+ ......................................... 111
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ......................... 112
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ......... 113
New Vehicle Break-In ................................ 113
Ignition Positions ....................................... 114
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ............. 115
Starting the Engine .................................... 116
Engine Coolant Heater .............................. 117
Automatic Transaxle Operation .................. 119
Parking Brake ........................................... 122
Shifting Into Park (P) ................................. 123
Shifting Out of Park (P) ............................. 125
Parking Over Things That Burn ................. 126
Engine Exhaust ......................................... 127
Running the Engine While Parked ............. 128
Mirrors ......................................................... 129
Manual Rearview Mirror ............................. 129
Manual Rearview Mirror with OnStar® ....... 129
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® .......................................... 129
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with
OnStar® and Compass ........................... 130
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with Compass ........................................ 132
Outside Power Mirrors ............................... 133
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror ................ 134
Outside Convex Mirror ............................... 134
Outside Automatic Dimming
Heated Mirror ......................................... 135
OnStar® System .......................................... 135
91
Section 2
Features and Controls
Universal Home Remote System ................ 139
Universal Home Remote System
(With One Triangular LED) ..................... 139
Universal Home Remote System
(With Three Round LED) ....................... 140
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With Three Round LED) ....... 141
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With One Triangular LED) ..... 147
92
Storage Areas ............................................. 151
Glove Box ................................................. 151
Cupholder(s) .............................................. 151
Front Storage Area .................................... 151
Center Console Storage Area .................... 151
Center Flex Storage Unit ........................... 152
Rear Seat Armrest .................................... 152
Convenience Net ....................................... 152
Sunroof ....................................................... 153
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many
reasons. They could operate the power
windows or other controls or even make
the vehicle move. The children or others
could be badly injured or even killed.
Do not leave the keys in a vehicle with
children.
93
One key is used for the
ignition, the driver’s door
and the glovebox lock.
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System
Your Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) system
operates on a radio frequency subject to Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) Rules
and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer
removes the key tag from the key and gives it to the
first owner. Each tag has a code on it that tells your
dealer or a qualified locksmith how to make extra
keys. Keep the tag in a safe place. If you lose your
key, you will be able to have a new one made easily
using the tag.
If you need a new key, contact your dealer who
can obtain the correct key code. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 466 for more
information.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your
vehicle, you may have to damage the vehicle
to get in. Be sure you have spare keys.
94
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in operating
range. This is normal for any RKE system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand
closer to your vehicle for the transmitter to work,
try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from
your vehicle. You may need to stand closer
during rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects
may be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to
the left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement” under
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation on page 95.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or
a qualified technician for service.
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation
The vehicle’s doors can be locked and unlocked,
and the trunk can be unlatched from about
3 feet (1 m) up to 60 feet (18 m) away with the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
If your vehicle has the remote start feature you can
also start your vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
Your RKE transmitter, with the remote start button,
provides an increased range of 195 feet (60 m)
away. However, the range may be less while the
vehicle is running. As a result, you may need to be
closer to your vehicle to turn it off than you were to
turn it on.
There are other conditions which can affect the
performance of the transmitter. See Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) System on page 94.
95
Q (Lock): Press the lock button to lock all the
doors. If enabled through the Driver Information
Center (DIC), the parking lamps will flash once to
indicate locking has occurred. If enabled through
the DIC, the horn will chirp when the lock button
is pressed again within five seconds of the
previous press of the lock button. See DIC
Vehicle Customization on page 231 for additional
information. Pressing the lock button may arm
the content theft-deterrent system. See Content
Theft-Deterrent on page 110.
RKE with Remote Start
RKE without Remote
Start
The following functions may be available if your
vehicle has the RKE system:
/ (Remote Vehicle Start): If your vehicle has
this feature, it may be started from outside the
vehicle using the RKE transmitter. See “Remote
Vehicle Start” following for more detailed
information.
96
" (Unlock): Press the unlock button to unlock the
driver’s door. If the button is pressed again within
five seconds, all remaining doors will unlock.
The interior lamps will come on and stay on for
20 seconds or until the ignition is turned on. If
enabled through the DIC, the parking lamps will
flash once to indicate unlocking has occurred. See
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 231. Pressing
the unlock button on the RKE transmitter will disarm
the content theft-deterrent system. See Content
Theft-Deterrent on page 110.
V (Remote Trunk Release): Press and hold
this button for about one second to release
the trunk lid. The transaxle must be in PARK (P)
for this feature to operate.
L (Vehicle Locator/Panic Alarm): Press and
release this button to locate your vehicle. The turn
signal lamps will flash and the horn will sound three
times. Press and hold this button for more than
two seconds to activate the panic alarm. The turn
signal lamps will flash and the horn will sound
repeatedly for 30 seconds. The alarm will turn off
when the ignition is moved to RUN or the alarm
button is pressed again. The ignition must be in
OFF for the panic alarm to work.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
Each RKE transmitter is coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a
transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your GM dealer. Remember to
bring any additional transmitters so they can also
be re-coded to match the new transmitter. Once
your dealer has coded the new transmitter, the lost
transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. The vehicle
can have a maximum of eight transmitters matched
to it. See “Remote Key” under DIC Controls and
Displays on page 212.
97
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your RKE
transmitter should last about four years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter
will not work at the normal range in any location.
If you have to get close to your vehicle before
the transmitter works, it is probably time to change
the battery.
The REPLACE BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY
message in the vehicle’s DIC will display if the
RKE transmitter battery is low. See “REPLACE
BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY” under DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 221 for additional
information.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care
not to touch any of the circuitry. Static from
your body transferred to these surfaces may
damage the transmitter.
98
To replace the battery in the RKE transmitter do
the following:
1. Insert a flat object with a thin edge into the
notch, located below the trunk release button,
and separate the bottom half from the top half
of the transmitter.
2. Remove the old battery, but do not use a
metal object to do this.
3. Slide the new battery into the transmitter with
the positive side of the battery facing down.
Use a type CR2032 battery, or equivalent
type. Make sure the cover is on tightly,
so water will not get in.
4. Snap the front and the back of the transmitter
together.
5. Test the operation of the transmitter with the
vehicle.
Remote Vehicle Start
Your vehicle may have a remote starting feature.
This feature allows you to start the engine from
outside the vehicle. It may also start the vehicle’s
heating or air conditioning systems, rear window
defogger, and heated seats. See Heated Seats on
page 11 and Heated and Cooled Seats on page 12
for additional information. When the remote start
system is active, the climate control system will
heat or cool the inside of the vehicle at the setting
the vehicle was set to when the vehicle was last
turned off. The rear window defogger will be turned
on by the climate control system when it is cold
outside. If the vehicle has heated seats, they may
also turn on. Cooled seats are not activated during
a remote start. Normal operation of the system will
return after the key is turned to the RUN position.
Laws in some communities may restrict the use of
remote starters. For example, some laws may
require a person using the remote start to have
the vehicle in view when doing so. Check local
regulations for any requirements on remote starting
of vehicles.
Do not use the remote start feature if your vehicle
is low on fuel. Your vehicle may run out of fuel.
If your vehicle has remote start, the RKE transmitter
provides, an increased range of operation.
However, the range may be less while the vehicle is
running. As a result, you may need to be closer to
your vehicle to turn it off, than you were to turn it on.
There are other conditions which can affect the
performance of the transmitter, see Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) System on page 94 for
additional information.
/ (Remote Start): If your vehicle has the remote
start feature, the RKE transmitter will have a
button with this symbol on it.
99
To start the vehicle using the remote start feature,
do the following:
1. Aim the transmitter at the vehicle.
2. Press and release the transmitter’s lock
button, then immediately press and hold
the transmitter’s remote start button until the
turn signal lights flash or if the vehicle’s
lights are not visible, press and hold the
remote start button for at least four seconds.
The vehicle’s doors will lock.
When the vehicle starts, the parking lamps will
turn on and remain on while the vehicle is
running.
3. If it is your first remote start since last driving,
repeat these steps while the engine is still
running for a 10 minute time extension.
Remote start can be extended one time.
When you enter the vehicle during a remote start,
and the engine is still running, turn the key to the
RUN position to drive the vehicle. If the vehicle
is left running it will automatically shut off after
10 minutes unless a time extension has been done.
100
To manually shut off a remote start, do any of the
following:
• Aim the RKE transmitter at the vehicle and
press the remote start button until the
parking lamps turn off.
• Turn on the hazard warning flashers.
• Turn the ignition switch on and then off.
The vehicle can be started remotely two separate
times between driving sequences. The engine
will run for 10 minutes after each remote start.
Or, you can extend the engine run time by another
10 minutes within the first 10 minute remote
start time frame, and before the engine stops.
For example, if the lock button and then the
remote start buttons are pressed again after
the vehicle has been running for five minutes,
10 minutes are added, allowing the engine to run
for 15 minutes.
The additional 10 minutes are considered a
second remote vehicle start.
Once two remote starts, or a single remote start
with one time extension have been done, the
vehicle must be started with the key.
After the key is removed from the ignition, another
remote start can be performed.
The vehicle cannot be started remotely if the key
is in the ignition, the hood is not closed, or if
there is an emission control system malfunction.
Remote Start Ready
If your vehicle does not have the remote vehicle
start feature, it may have the remote start ready
feature. This feature allows your dealer to add the
manufacturer’s remote vehicle start feature.
If your vehicle has the remote start ready feature,
your RKE transmitter will have extended range
that will allow you to lock or unlock your vehicle
from about 195 feet (60 m) away.
See your dealer if you would like to add the
manufacturer’s remote vehicle start feature to
your vehicle.
101
Doors and Locks
CAUTION:
Door Locks
• Young children who get into unlocked
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers, especially children, can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is
locked, the handle will not open it.
You increase the chance of being
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash if
the doors are not locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
CAUTION:
102
(Continued)
(Continued)
vehicles may be unable to get out. A
child can be overcome by extreme
heat and can suffer permanent injuries
or even death from heat stroke.
Always lock your vehicle whenever
you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down
or stop your vehicle. Locking your
doors can help prevent this from
happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your
vehicle.
From the outside, use either the key or the remote
keyless entry (RKE) transmitter.
From the inside, use the power door lock switches
or manual lock knobs. The manual lock knobs are
located at the top of the door panel near the
window.
Push the manual lock knob down to lock the door.
To unlock the door, pull up on the knob.
Power Door Locks
The power door lock switches are located on the
armrest on the front doors.
K (Unlock): Press the side of the switch with the
unlock symbol to unlock the doors.
Q (Lock): Press the side of the switch with the
lock symbol to lock the doors.
Delayed Locking
This feature allows the driver to delay the actual
locking of the doors. When the driver’s power door
lock switch or remote keyless entry transmitter lock
button is pressed with the key removed from the
ignition, and the driver’s door open, a chime will
sound three times to signal that the delayed locking
system is active. When all doors have been closed,
the doors will lock automatically after several
seconds. If any door is opened before this, the timer
will reset itself once all the doors have been closed
again.
Pressing the driver’s or passenger’s power door
lock switch or the remote keyless entry transmitter
button again will override this feature.
103
Personal Choice Programming
Rear Door Security Locks
The delayed locking feature can be turned on or
off, using the Driver Information Center (DIC)
to program this feature. See “DELAY DOOR
LOCK” under DIC Vehicle Customization on
page 231.
Your vehicle has rear door security locks, that
prevent passengers from opening the rear doors
from the inside.
Programmable Automatic
Door Locks
Your vehicle is programmed so that, when the
doors are closed, the ignition is on, and the shift
lever is moved out of PARK (P), all the doors will
lock. The doors will unlock every time you stop the
vehicle and move the shift lever into PARK (P).
If someone needs to get out while your vehicle is
not in PARK (P), have the person use the manual
lock knob or power door lock switch. When the door
is closed again, it will not lock automatically. Use
the manual lock knob or power door lock switch to
lock the door.
If your vehicle has a Driver Information Center
(DIC), you can choose various lock and unlock
settings. For programming information, see
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 231.
104
The rear door security locks are located on the
inside edge of each rear door. You must open the
rear doors to access them.
To assist you in finding the lock, your vehicle will
have one of the following:
To use these locks, do the following:
1. Insert the key into the security lock slot and
turn it so the slot is in the horizontal position.
2. Close the door.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
When you want to open a rear door when the
security lock is on, do the following:
1. Unlock the door using the remote keyless
entry transmitter, if the vehicle has one, the
power door lock switch, or by lifting the
rear door manual lock.
Lockout Protection
If the key is in the ignition and the power door lock
switch is used to lock the doors, all doors will lock
and then the driver’s door will unlock. It is always
recommended that you remove the ignition key
when locking your vehicle.
The lockout protection feature can be overridden
by holding the power door lock switch for
three seconds or longer.
2. Open the door from the outside.
To cancel the rear door security lock, do the
following:
1. Unlock the door and open it from the outside.
2. Insert the key into the security lock slot
and turn it so the slot is in the vertical position.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
105
Trunk
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the
trunk lid open because carbon monoxide
(CO) gas can come into your vehicle.
You cannot see or smell CO. It can
cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the trunk lid
open or if electrical wiring or other cable
connections must pass through the seal
between the body and the trunk lid:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or
cooling system to its highest speed
and select the control setting that will
force outside air into your vehicle. See
Climate Control System.
• If you have air outlets on or under
the instrument panel, open them
all the way.
See Engine Exhaust on page 127.
106
Remote Trunk Release
The remote trunk
release button is located
in the glovebox.
Press the button to open the trunk. To use this
feature, your vehicle must be in PARK (P)
or NEUTRAL (N).
You can also press the remote trunk release
button on the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter to open the trunk. See Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) System Operation on page 95.
Emergency Trunk Release Handle
There is a glow-in-the-dark emergency trunk
release handle located inside the trunk near the
latch. This handle will glow following exposure
to light. Pull the release handle to open the trunk
from the inside.
Rear Seat Pass-Through
Your vehicle has a small door in the rear seat.
This door allows you to access the trunk from
inside the vehicle.
The rear seat armrest must be down for the
pass-through door to open. To release the
pass-through door, move the release lever up with
your fingers. To close the door, raise it and push it
until it latches.
Notice: Do not use the emergency trunk
release handle as a tie-down or anchor point
when securing items in the trunk as it could
damage the handle. The emergency trunk
release handle is only intended to aid a person
trapped in a latched trunk, enabling them to
open the trunk from the inside.
107
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets
in a vehicle with the windows closed is
dangerous. They can be overcome by the
extreme heat and suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke.
Never leave a child, a helpless adult, or a
pet alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
108
Express-Down Window
Power Windows
The power window
switches are located
on the driver’s door
armrest. In addition,
each door has a switch
for its own window.
This feature is on the front windows. Press the
switch to the second position to activate the
express-down feature. To stop the window as it is
lowering, press down briefly on the switch again.
Window Lockout
o (Window Lockout): The rear window lockout
button is located on the driver’s door armrest
near the window switches.
Driver’s Side shown
The front power window switches operate with
one position for up and two positions for down
movement and the rear power window switches
operate with one position for up and one for down
movement.
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
that allows you to use the power windows once the
ignition has been turned off. For more information,
see Retained Accessory Power (RAP) on
page 115.
Press the right side of this button to disable the
rear window controls. The light on the button will
come on, indicating the feature is in use. The rear
windows still can be raised or lowered using the
driver’s window switches when the lockout feature
is active.
To restore power to the rear windows, press the
button again. The light on the button will go out.
Sun Visors
To block out glare, swing down the visor. The visors
can also be removed from the center mount and
moved to the side to block glare from the side.
109
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Your sun visors may have lighted vanity mirrors.
When you open the cover to the visor vanity
mirror, the lamp will turn on.
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some
cities. Although your vehicle has a number of
theft-deterrent features, we know that nothing we
put on it can make it impossible to steal.
Content Theft-Deterrent
Your vehicle may have the optional content
theft-deterrent alarm system.
To activate the theft-deterrent system:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch
or the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
If you are using the RKE transmitter, the door
does not need to be open.
3. Close all doors.
110
Once armed, the alarm will go off if someone
tries to enter the vehicle without using the RKE
transmitter or a key or turns the ignition on with an
incorrect key. The horn will sound and the turn
signal lamps will flash for about two minutes.
When the alarm is armed, the trunk may be opened
with the RKE transmitter. The power door lock
switches are disabled and the doors remain locked.
You must use your RKE transmitter or your key to
unlock the doors when the system is armed.
Arming with the Power Lock Switch
The alarm system will arm when you use either
power lock switch to lock the doors while any door
or the trunk is open and the key is removed
from the ignition.
Arming with the RKE Transmitter
The alarm system will arm when you use your
RKE transmitter to lock the doors, if the key is not
in the ignition.
Disarming with the RKE Transmitter
The alarm system will disarm when you use your
RKE transmitter to unlock the doors.
The first time a remote unlock command is
received, three flashes will be seen and three horn
chirps heard to indicate an alarm condition has
occurred since last arming.
Disarming with Your Key
The alarm system will disarm when you use your
key to unlock the doors or insert your key in
ignition and turn it from the OFF position.
PASS-Key® III+
The PASS-Key® III+ system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry
Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
PASS-Key® III+ uses a radio frequency
transponder in the key that matches a decoder
in your vehicle.
111
PASS-Key® III+ Operation
Your vehicle is equipped with PASS-Key® III+
(Personalized Automotive Security System)
theft-deterrent system. PASS-Key® III+ is a
passive theft-deterrent system. This means you do
not have to do anything special to arm or disarm
the system. It works when you insert or remove the
key from the ignition.
When the PASS-Key® III+ system senses that
someone is using the wrong key, it prevents the
vehicle from starting. Anyone using a trial-and-error
method to start the vehicle will be discouraged
because of the high number of electrical key codes.
When trying to start the vehicle if the engine does
not start and the security light on the instrument
panel cluster comes on, the key may have a
damaged transponder. Turn the ignition off and
try again.
If the engine still does not start, and the key
appears to be not damaged, try another ignition
key. At this time, you may also want to check the
fuse, see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 428.
If the engine still does not start with the other key,
your vehicle needs service. If your vehicle does
start, the first key may be faulty. See your dealer
who can service the PASS-Key® III+ to have a new
key made. In an emergency, contact Roadside
Assistance. See Roadside Assistance Program
on page 466.
It is possible for the PASS-Key® III+ decoder
to “learn” the transponder value of a new or
replacement key. Up to 10 keys may be
programmed for the vehicle. The following
procedure is for programming additional keys
only. If all the currently programmed keys are lost
or do not operate, you must see your dealer or a
locksmith who can service PASS-Key® III+ to have
keys made and programmed to the system.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to get a new key blank that is cut
exactly as the ignition key that operates the system.
112
To program the new key do the following:
1. Verify that the new key has a 1 stamped on it.
2. Insert the already programmed key in the
ignition and start the engine. If the engine
will not start, see your dealer for service.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to
OFF, and remove the key.
4. Insert the key to be programmed and turn it to
the RUN position within five seconds of the
original key being turned to the OFF position.
5. The security light will turn off once the key has
been programmed.
6. Repeat Steps 1 through 5 if additional keys
are to be programmed.
If you are ever driving and the security light comes
on and stays on, you may be able to restart your
engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key® III+
system, however, is not working properly and must
be serviced by your dealer. Your vehicle is not
protected by the PASS-Key® III+ system at
this time.
If you lose or damage your PASS-Key® III+ key,
see your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to have a new key made.
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an
elaborate break-in. But it will perform better in
the long run if you follow these guidelines:
• Do not drive at any one constant speed, fast
or slow, for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Do not make full-throttle starts. Avoid
downshifting to brake, or slow, the vehicle.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings are not yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See
Towing a Trailer on page 315 for the trailer
towing capabilities of your vehicle and more
information.
Following break-in, engine speed and load can
be gradually increased.
113
Ignition Positions
With the ignition key in the ignition, the key can be
turned to four different positions:
A (OFF): This is the only position in which the
ignition key can be inserted or removed. This
position locks the ignition and transaxle. It is a
theft-deterrent feature.
B (ACCESSORY): This position lets the radio
and windshield wipers operate while the engine is
off. To use ACCESSORY, turn the key clockwise.
C (RUN): This position is where the key returns
to after the vehicle is started. This position displays
some of the warning and indicator lights.
The battery could be drained if you leave the key in
the ACCESSORY or RUN position with the engine
off. You may not be able to start your vehicle if the
battery is allowed to drain for an extended period
of time.
D (START): This position starts the engine.
Notice: Using a tool to force the key from the
ignition switch could cause damage or break
the key. Use the correct key and turn the key
only with your hand. Make sure the key is in all
the way. If none of this works, then your vehicle
needs service.
114
A warning chime will sound and the Driver
Information Center (DIC) will display DRIVER
DOOR OPEN when the driver’s door is opened if
the ignition is in OFF, ACCESSORY and the key is
in the ignition. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 221 for more information.
Key In the Ignition
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Never leave your vehicle with the keys inside, as it
is an easy target for joy riders or thieves. If you
leave the key in the ignition and park your vehicle,
a chime will sound, when you open the driver’s
door. Always remember to remove your key from
the ignition and take it with you. This will lock
your ignition and transaxle. Also, always remember
to lock the doors.
After you turn the ignition off and remove the key,
you will still have power to such accessories as the
power windows, clock, radio, and if equipped, audio
steering wheel controls and sunroof. The power
to the accessories can last up to 10 minutes. The
instrument panel cluster lights will stay on for a
few seconds, then will go out. Once you open the
driver’s door, the power will shut off. Your vehicle
has a feature designed to protect the battery
against drainage. For more information see
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver on page 177
and Electric Power Management on page 176.
The battery could be drained if you leave the
key in the ignition while your vehicle is parked.
You may not be able to start your vehicle after
it has been parked for an extended period of time.
115
Starting the Engine
Place the transaxle in the proper gear.
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N). Your engine will not start in
any other position — this is a safety feature.
To restart when you are already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Shifting into PARK (P) with the vehicle
moving could damage the transaxle. Shift
into PARK (P) only when your vehicle is
stopped.
Starting Procedure
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn
the ignition key to START. When the engine
starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will
go down as your engine gets warm. Do
not race the engine immediately after starting
it. Operate the engine and transaxle gently
to allow the oil to warm up and lubricate
all moving parts.
116
Your vehicle has a Computer-Controlled
Cranking System. This feature assists in
starting the engine and protects components. If
the ignition key is turned to the START position,
and then released when the engine begins
cranking, the engine will continue cranking for
a few seconds or until the vehicle starts. If the
engine does not start and the key is held in
START for many seconds, cranking will be
stopped after 15 seconds to prevent cranking
motor damage. To prevent gear damage, this
system also prevents cranking if the engine is
already running. Engine cranking can be
stopped by turning the ignition switch to
the ACCESSORY or OFF position.
Notice: Cranking the engine for long periods
of time, by returning the key to the START
position immediately after cranking has ended,
can overheat and damage the cranking
motor, and drain the battery. Wait at least
15 seconds between each try, to allow
the cranking motor to cool down.
2. If the engine does not start after 5-10 seconds,
especially in very cold weather (below 0°F
or −18°C), it could be flooded with too much
gasoline. Try pushing the accelerator pedal all
the way to the floor and holding it there as you
hold the key in START for up to a maximum of
15 seconds. Wait at least 15 seconds between
each try, to allow the cranking motor to cool
down. When the engine starts, let go of the key
and accelerator. If the vehicle starts briefly but
then stops again, do the same thing. This
clears the extra gasoline from the engine. Do
not race the engine immediately after starting
it. Operate the engine and transaxle gently
until the oil warms up and lubricates all
moving parts.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with
the electronics in your vehicle. If you add
electrical parts or accessories, you could
change the way the engine operates. Before
adding electrical equipment, check with
your dealer. If you do not, your engine might
not perform properly. Any resulting damage
would not be covered by your vehicle’s
warranty.
Engine Coolant Heater
If your vehicle has this feature, in very cold weather,
0°F (−18°C) or colder, the engine coolant heater
can help. You’ll get easier starting and better fuel
economy during engine warm-up. Usually, the
coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum
of four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
At temperatures above 32°F (0°C), use of the
coolant heater is not required.
117
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
On vehicles with the 3.8L V6 engine,
the coolant heater cord is located on the
passenger’s side of the vehicle, above the
headlamp assembly. On vehicles with the 4.6L
V8 engine, the cord is located on the driver’s
side of the vehicle on the right side of the
engine air cleaner. It is between the engine
cover and the engine air cleaner.
{CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded
outlet could cause an electrical shock.
Also, the wrong kind of extension cord
could overheat and cause a fire. You
could be seriously injured. Plug the cord
into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will not
reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
118
3. Plug the cord into a normal, grounded
110-volt AC outlet.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it
away from moving engine parts. If you do
not, it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater
plugged in? The answer depends on the outside
temperature, the kind of oil you have, and some
other things. Instead of trying to list everything here,
we ask that you contact your dealer in the area
where you will be parking your vehicle. The dealer
can give you the best advice for that particular area.
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Your vehicle may have a shift lever located either
on the steering column or on the console between
the seats.
PARK (P): This position locks your front wheels.
It is the best position to use when you start your
engine because your vehicle cannot move easily.
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. Your
vehicle can roll.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have
left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle will not
move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, always set your parking brake
and move the shift lever to PARK (P). See
Shifting Into Park (P) on page 123. If you
are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 315.
Make sure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transaxle shift lock control system. You have to fully
apply your regular brakes before you can shift from
PARK (P) while the ignition is in RUN. If you cannot
shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift
lever and push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application.
Then move the shift lever into the gear you want.
See Shifting Out of Park (P) on page 125.
119
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your
vehicle is moving forward could damage
the transaxle. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Shift to
REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out
of snow, ice, or sand without damaging your
transaxle, see If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 306.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does
not connect with the wheels. To restart when
you are already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is
being towed.
120
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your
engine is running at high speed is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on
the brake pedal, your vehicle could move
very rapidly. You could lose control and
hit people or objects. Do not shift into a
drive gear while your engine is running at
high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while the engine is running at
high speed may damage the transaxle. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Be sure the engine is not running at high
speeds when shifting your vehicle.
DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving. It
provides the best fuel economy for your vehicle. If
you need more power for passing, and you are:
• Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push
your accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push
the accelerator all the way down.
You will shift down to the next gear and have
more power.
Downshifting the transaxle in slippery road
conditions could result in skidding, see “Skidding”
under Loss of Control on page 290.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving. It reduces vehicle speed more than
DRIVE (D) without using your brakes. You might
choose THIRD (3) instead of DRIVE (D) when
driving on hilly, winding roads, when towing
a trailer, so there is less shifting between gears
and when going down a steep hill.
Notice: Driving in SECOND (2) for more than
25 miles (40 km) or at speeds over 55 mph
(90 km/h) may damage the transaxle. Also,
shifting into SECOND (2) at speeds above
65 mph (105 km/h) can cause damage. Drive in
THIRD (3) or DRIVE (D) instead of SECOND (2).
FIRST (1): This position reduces vehicle speed
even more than SECOND (2) without using your
brakes. You can use it on very steep hills, or in
deep snow or mud. If the shift lever is put in
FIRST (1) while going forward, the transaxle will
not shift into first gear until the vehicle is going
slowly enough.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the
vehicle in one place on a hill using only the
accelerator pedal may damage the transaxle.
If you are stuck, do not spin the tires. When
stopping on a hill, use the brakes, or parking
brake to hold the vehicle in place.
SECOND (2): This position reduces vehicle speed
even more than THIRD (3) without using your
brakes. You can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can
help control your speed as you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you would also want to
use your brakes off and on.
121
Parking Brake
The parking brake pedal
is located to the left of
the regular brake pedal,
near the driver’s door.
A warning chime will sound if the parking brake is
set, the ignition is on, and the vehicle speed is
greater than 5 mph (8 km/h). The brake light will
come on and stay on until the parking brake is
released. See Brake System Warning Light on
page 201 for more information.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular
brake pedal down with your right foot and push
the parking brake pedal down with your left
foot. When you lift your left foot, the parking
brake pedal will follow it to the released position.
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot and push the
parking brake pedal down with your left foot.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
on the instrument panel cluster should come
on. If it does not, you need to have your vehicle
serviced.
122
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on
can overheat the brake system and cause
premature wear or damage to brake system
parts. Verify that the parking brake is fully
released and the brake warning light is
off before driving.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any
hill, see Towing a Trailer on page 315.
Shifting Into Park (P)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. Your vehicle can roll. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground,
use the steps that follow. If you are
pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 315.
Steering Column Shift Lever
If your vehicle has a steering column shift lever,
use the following procedure to shift the vehicle into
PARK (P):
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by pulling
the shift lever toward you and moving it up as
far as it will go.
3. With your right foot still holding the brake
pedal down, set the parking brake. See
Parking Brake on page 122 for more
information.
4. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you
can leave your vehicle with the ignition key in
your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
123
Console Shift Lever
If your vehicle is equipped with a console shift
lever, use the following procedure to shift
the vehicle into PARK (P):
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by pushing
the lever all the way toward the front of your
vehicle and then to the left.
3. With your right foot still holding the brake
pedal down, set the parking brake. See
Parking Brake on page 122 for more
information.
4. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you
can leave your vehicle with the ignition key in
your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
124
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle
with the engine running. Your vehicle could
move suddenly if the shift lever is not fully
in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. And, if you leave the vehicle with the
engine running, it could overheat and even
catch fire. You or others could be injured.
Do not leave your vehicle with the engine
running.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P)
and your parking brake is firmly set before you
leave it. See Parking Brake on page 122 for more
information.
Torque Lock
Shifting Out of Park (P)
If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl
in the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called torque
lock. To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake
and then shift into PARK (P) properly before you
leave the driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting
Into Park (P) on page 123.
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when
the ignition is RUN. See Automatic Transaxle
Operation on page 119.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to
have another vehicle push yours a little uphill to
take some of the pressure from the parking pawl in
the transaxle, so you can pull the shift lever out
of PARK (P).
The shift lock control system is designed to do the
following:
• Prevent the ignition key from being removed
unless the shift lever is in PARK (P).
• Prevent movement of the console shift lever
out of PARK (P) unless the ignition is in a
position other than OFF.
The shift lock control system is always functional
except in the case of a dead battery or low
voltage (less than 9 V) battery.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease the
pressure on the shift lever. Push the shift lever
all the way into PARK (P) as you maintain
brake application. Then move the shift lever into
the gear you want.
If you are still having a problem shifting, then have
your vehicle serviced soon.
125
Parking Over Things That Burn
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot
exhaust parts under your vehicle and
ignite. Do not park over papers, leaves,
dry grass, or other things that can burn.
126
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Your vehicle was damaged when
{CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the
gas carbon monoxide (CO), which you
cannot see or smell. It can cause
unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a
collision.
CAUTION:
driving over high points on the road
or over road debris.
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or exhaust system has
been modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows
down to blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
(Continued)
127
Running the Engine While Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust
into your vehicle. See the earlier caution
under Engine Exhaust on page 127.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let
deadly carbon monoxide (CO) into your
vehicle even if the climate control fan is
at the highest setting. One place this can
happen is a garage. Exhaust — with
CO — can come in easily. NEVER park
in a garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 302.
128
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. Your vehicle can roll. Do not leave
your vehicle when the engine is running
unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground,
always set your parking brake and move
the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle
will not move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on
page 123.
If you are parking on a hill and if you are pulling a
trailer, also see Towing a Trailer on page 315.
Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror
While sitting in a comfortable driving position,
adjust the mirror so you can see clearly behind your
vehicle. Grip the mirror in the center to move it up or
down and side to side. The control at the bottom of
the mirror is the day/night feature that allows
adjustment to the mirror so that the glare of
headlamps from behind is reduced. Push the
control for daytime use; pull it for night use.
Manual Rearview Mirror with
OnStar®
Mirror Operation
Your vehicle may have a manual rearview mirror
with the OnStar® System. You can adjust the mirror
for day or night driving. Press the tab forward for
day driving. Pull the tab back for night driving.
There are also three OnStar® buttons located at
the bottom of the mirror. See your dealer for more
information on the system and how to subscribe
to OnStar®. See OnStar® System on page 135 for
more information about the services OnStar®
provides.
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or
similar material dampened with glass cleaner.
Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the mirror
housing.
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar®
Your vehicle may have an automatic-dimming
rearview mirror with the OnStar® system.
There are three additional buttons for the OnStar®
system. See your dealer for more information
on the system and how to subscribe to OnStar®.
See OnStar® System on page 135 for more
information about the services OnStar® provides.
O (On/Off): This is the on/off button.
129
Automatic Dimming Mirror Operation
Automatic Dimming Mirror Operation
The automatic dimming mirror function is turned on
automatically each time the ignition is started. To
operate the automatic dimming mirror, do the
following:
1. Make sure the indicator light, located to the left
of the on/off button, is lit. If it’s not, press and
hold the on/off button until the light comes on,
indicating that the mirror is in automatic
dimming mode.
2. Turn off the automatic dimming mirror function
by pressing and holding the on/off button until
the indicator light turns off.
The automatic dimming mirror function is turned on
automatically each time the ignition is started.
To operate the automatic dimming mirror, do the
following:
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® and Compass
Compass Operation
Your vehicle may have an automatic-dimming
rearview mirror with a compass and the OnStar®
system.
There are three additional buttons for the OnStar®
system. See your dealer for more information on
the system and how to subscribe to OnStar®. See
OnStar® System on page 135 for more information
about the services OnStar® provides.
O (On/Off): This is the on/off button.
130
1. Make sure the indicator light, located to the
left of the on/off button, is lit. If it’s not, press
and hold the on/off button until the light
comes on, indicating that the mirror is in
automatic dimming mode.
2. Turn off the automatic dimming mirror function
by pressing and holding the on/off button until
the indicator light turns off.
Press the on/off button once to turn the compass
on or off.
There is a compass display in the window in the
upper right corner of the mirror face. The compass
displays a maximum of two characters. For
example, “NE” is displayed for north-east.
Compass Calibration
Press and hold the on/off button to activate the
compass calibration mode. CAL will be displayed
in the compass window on the mirror.
The compass can be calibrated by driving the
vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until
the display reads a direction.
Compass Variance
Compass variance is the difference between earth’s
magnetic north and true geographic north. The
mirror is set to zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to
compensate for compass variance if you live
outside zone eight. Under certain circumstances,
such as during a long distance cross-country trip,
it will be necessary to adjust for compass variance.
If not adjusted to account for compass variance,
your compass could give false readings.
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance
zone number on the following zone map.
2. Press and hold the on/off button for
six seconds. Release the button when (FOR
ZONE) is displayed. The number shown is the
current zone number.
3. Scroll through the zone numbers that appear in
the window on the mirror by pressing the on/off
button. Once you find your zone number,
release the button. After about four seconds,
the mirror will return to the compass display,
and the new zone number will be set.
131
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with Compass
Your vehicle may have an automatic dimming
rearview mirror with a compass. This feature
enables the mirror to sense nighttime glare from
vehicle headlamps from behind and automatically
dim to reduce the glare to a safe level. The
automatic dimming feature turns on each time the
vehicle is started.
O (On/Off): This is the on/off button.
Automatic Dimming Mirror Operation
The automatic dimming mirror function is turned on
automatically each time the ignition is started. To
operate the automatic dimming mirror, do the
following:
1. Make sure the indicator light, located to the left
of the on/off button, is on. If it’s not, press and
hold the on/off button until the light comes on,
indicating that the mirror is in automatic
dimming mode.
2. Turn off the automatic dimming mirror function
by pressing and holding the on/off button until
the indicator light turns off.
132
Compass Operation
Press the on/off button once to turn the compass
on or off.
When the ignition and the compass feature are
on, the compass will show two character boxes for
a few seconds. After a few seconds, the mirror
will display the current compass direction.
Compass Calibration
If after a few seconds the display does not show a
compass direction, (N for North for example), there
may be a strong magnetic field interfering with the
compass. Such interference may be caused by a
magnetic antenna mount, note pad holder, or
similar object. If the letter C or CAL appears in the
compass window, the compass may need to be
reset or calibrated.
The compass can be calibrated by driving the
vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the
display reads a direction.
Compass Variance
Compass variance is the difference between earth’s
magnetic north and true geographic north. If the
mirror is not adjusted for compass variance, the
compass could give false readings.
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the
factory. It will be necessary to adjust the compass
to compensate for compass variance if the
vehicle is driven outside zone eight. Under
certain circumstances, such as a long distance,
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust the
compass variance.
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance
zone number on the zone map. See Automatic
Dimming Rearview Mirror with OnStar® and
Compass on page 130 for map information.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a zone
number appears on the display.
3. Once the zone number appears on the display,
press the on/off button quickly until you reach
the correct zone number. If C or CAL appears
in the compass window, the compass may
need calibration. See “Compass Calibration”
listed previously.
Outside Power Mirrors
The controls for the
outside power mirrors
are located on the
driver’s door armrest.
Press the left or right side of the selector switch
located beneath the control pad to choose the left
or right mirror.
To adjust the mirror, press one of the four arrows
located on the control pad to move the mirror
in the direction you want it to go. Adjust each
outside mirror so that you can see a little of your
vehicle, and the area behind your vehicle.
The mirrors may also have an arrow that flashes
when the turn signal is used. See Turn and
Lane-Change Signals on page 162.
133
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror
Outside Convex Mirror
If your vehicle is equipped with memory mirrors, it
will also be capable of performing the curb view
assist mirror feature. This feature will allow the
driver’s and passenger’s side mirror to tilt to a
factory programmed position when the vehicle
is in REVERSE (R). This feature may be useful in
allowing you to view the curb when you are parallel
parking.
The passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so more can be
seen from the driver’s seat.
When the vehicle is shifted out of REVERSE (R)
or the ignition is turned to off, the driver’s and
passenger’s side mirror will return to its original
position.
See DIC Vehicle Customization on page 231 for
more information.
134
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like
other vehicles) look farther away than
they really are. If you cut too sharply into
the right lane, you could hit a vehicle on
your right. Check your inside mirror or
glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Outside Automatic Dimming
Heated Mirror
OnStar® System
If you have this feature, the outside driver’s mirror
will adjust for the glare of headlamps behind you.
When you operate the rear window defogger, the
heated driver’s and passenger’s outside rearview
mirrors are warmed to help clear them of ice and
snow. See “Rear Window Defogger” under Climate
Control System on page 182 or Dual Automatic
Climate Control System on page 186 for more
information.
Your vehicle may also have a turn signal indicator
on the mirror. An arrow on the outside rearview
mirror will flash in the direction of the turn or lane
change. See Turn and Lane-Change Signals
on page 162 for more information.
OnStar® uses several innovative technologies and
live advisors to provide you with a wide range of
safety, security, information, and convenience
services. If your airbags deploy, the system is
designed to make an automatic call to OnStar®
Emergency advisors who can request emergency
services be sent to your location. If you lock
your keys in the vehicle, call OnStar® at
1-888-4-ONSTAR and they can send a signal to
unlock your doors. If you need roadside assistance,
press the OnStar® button and they can contact
Roadside Service for you.
135
OnStar® service is provided to you subject to the
OnStar® Terms and Conditions. You may cancel
your OnStar® service at any time by contacting
OnStar® as provided below. A complete OnStar®
Owners Guide and the OnStar® Terms and
Conditions are included in the vehicle’s OnStar®
Subscriber glove box literature. For more
information, visit onstar.com or onstar.ca, contact
OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) or
TTY 1-877-248-2080, or press the OnStar® button
to speak with an OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day,
7 days a week.
Not all OnStar® features are available on all
vehicles. To check if your vehicle is equipped to
provide the services described below, or for a
full description of OnStar® services and system
limitations, see the OnStar® Owner’s Guide in your
glove box or visit onstar.com.
136
OnStar® Services
For new vehicles with OnStar®, the Safe & Sound
Plan, or the Directions & Connections® Plan is
included for one year from the date of purchase.
You can extend this plan beyond the first year, or
upgrade to the Directions & Connections® Plan.
For more information, press the OnStar® button to
speak with an advisor. Some OnStar® services
(such as Remote Door Unlock or Stolen Vehicle
Location Assistance) may not be available until you
register with OnStar®.
Available Services with Safe &
Sound® Plan
• Automatic Notification of Airbag Deployment
• Advanced Automatic Crash Notification
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
(AACN) (If equipped)
Link to Emergency Services
Roadside Assistance
Stolen Vehicle Location Assistance
AccidentAssist
Remote Door Unlock/Vehicle Alert
OnStar® Vehicle Diagnostics
GM® Goodwrench® On Demand Diagnostics
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling with
30 complimentary minutes
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
Available Services included with
Directions & Connections® Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan Services
• Driving Directions - Advisor delivered or
OnStar® Turn-by-Turn Navigation (If equipped)
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling allows eligible
OnStar® subscribers to make and receive calls
using voice commands. Hands-Free Calling is fully
integrated into the vehicle, and can be used with
OnStar® Pre-Paid Minute Packages. Hands-Free
Calling may also be linked to a Verizon Wireless
service plan, depending on eligibility. To find out
more, refer to the OnStar® Owners Guide in the
vehicle’s glove box, visit www.onstar.com or
www.onstar.ca, or speak with an OnStar® advisor
by pressing the OnStar® button or calling
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
137
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
How OnStar® Service Works
OnStar® Virtual Advisor is a feature of OnStar®
Hands-Free Calling that uses your minutes
to access location-based weather, local traffic
reports, and stock quotes. By pressing the phone
button and giving a few simple voice commands,
you can browse through the various topics.
See the OnStar® Owners Guide for more
information.
In order to provide you with OnStar® services, your
vehicle’s OnStar® system has the capability of
recording and transmitting vehicle information.
This information is automatically sent to an OnStar®
Call Center at the time of an OnStar® button press,
Emergency button press or if your airbags or AACN
system deploys. The vehicle information usually
includes your GPS location and, in the event of a
crash, additional information regarding the accident
that your vehicle has been involved in (e.g. the
direction from which your vehicle was hit). When
you use the Virtual Advisor feature of OnStar®
Hands-Free Calling, your vehicle also sends
OnStar® your GPS location so that we can
provide you with location-based services.
OnStar® service cannot work unless your vehicle is
in a place where OnStar® has an agreement with a
wireless service provider for service in that area.
OnStar® service also cannot work unless you
are in a place where the wireless service provider
OnStar® has hired for that area has coverage,
network capacity and reception when the service is
needed, and technology that is compatible with the
OnStar® service. Not all services are available
everywhere, particularly in remote or enclosed
areas, or at all times.
OnStar® Steering Wheel Controls
Your vehicle may have a Talk/Mute button that
can be used to interact with OnStar® Hands-Free
Calling. See Audio Steering Wheel Controls on
page 271 for more information.
On some vehicles, you may have to hold the
button for a few seconds and give the command
“ONSTAR” in order to activate the OnStar®
Hands-Free Calling feature.
On some vehicles, the mute button can be used to
dial numbers into voicemail systems, or to dial
phone extensions. See the OnStar® Owner’s
Guide for more information.
138
OnStar® service that involves location information
about your vehicle cannot work unless GPS
satellite signals are unobstructed and available in
that place as well.
Universal Home Remote
System
Your vehicle must have a working electrical
system (including adequate battery power) for the
OnStar® equipment to operate. There are other
problems OnStar® cannot control that may prevent
OnStar® from providing OnStar® service to you
at any particular time or place. Some examples are
damage to important parts of your vehicle in an
accident, hills, tall buildings, tunnels, weather
or wireless phone network congestion.
Universal Home Remote System
(With One Triangular LED)
Your Responsibility
You may need to increase the volume of your radio
to hear the OnStar® advisor. If the light next to the
OnStar® buttons is red, this means that your system
is not functioning properly and should be checked
by a dealer. If the light appears clear (no light is
appearing), your OnStar® subscription has expired.
You can always press the OnStar® button to
confirm that your OnStar® equipment is active.
The Universal Home Remote System
provides a way to replace up to three hand-held
Radio-Frequency (RF) transmitters used to activate
devices such as garage door openers, security
systems, and home lighting.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
The FCC Grant of Equipment Authorization
Certificate number is CB2OHHL3.
139
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
The Canadian Registration ID number
is 2791032007A.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
Universal Home Remote System
(With Three Round LED)
The Universal Home Remote System
provides a way to replace up to three hand-held
Radio-Frequency (RF) transmitters used to activate
devices such as garage door openers, security
systems, and home lighting.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
The FCC Grant of Equipment Authorization
Certificate number is KOBGTE05A.
140
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With Three Round LED)
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
The Canadian Registration ID number
is 3521A-GTE05A.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
Your vehicle may have the Universal Home Remote
System. If there are three round Light Emitting
Diode (LED) above the Universal Home Remote
System buttons, follow the instructions below. If
there is one triangular LED above the Universal
Home Remote System buttons, follow the
instructions under Universal Home Remote
System Operation (with one triangular LED).
This system provides a way to replace up to
three remote control transmitters used to activate
devices such as garage door openers, security
systems, and home lighting.
141
Do not use the this system with any garage door
opener that does not have the stop and reverse
feature. This includes any garage door opener
model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Read the instructions completely before attempting
to program the transmitter. Because of the steps
involved, it may be helpful to have another person
available to assist you in programming the
transmitter.
Be sure to keep the original remote control
transmitter for use in other vehicles, as well as,
for future programming. You only need the
original remote control transmitter for fixed code
programming. It is also recommended that upon
the sale or lease termination of the vehicle, the
programmed buttons should be erased for security
purposes. See “Erasing your Universal Home
Remote Buttons” later in this section.
Be sure that people and objects are clear
of the garage door or security device you are
programming. When programming a garage
door, it is advised to park outside of the garage.
142
If you do not know if your garage door opener is a
fixed code or rolling code device, open your garage
door opener’s remote control battery cover. Your
garage door opener is a fixed code device if there is
a panel of switches. If not, your garage door opener
is a rolling code device.
Programming Universal Home
Remote — Fixed Code
Fixed Code garage door openers are used for
garage doors produced prior to 1996. Fixed code
uses the same coded signal every time, which
is manually programmed by setting DIP switches
for a unique personal code.
Follow these steps to program up to
three channels:
1. Remove the battery cover of the hand-held
transmitter.
Example of Switch Settings
2. Write down the eight to 12 coding switch
settings from left to right. When the switch
is in the up position, write “on,” and when a
switch is in the down position, write “off”.
If a switch is set between the up and down
position, write “middle”.
3. Enter these positions into the Universal Home
Remote System as follows.
Press and release all three buttons at the same
time to put the device into programming mode.
143
5. After entering the switch settings, press and
release all three buttons at the same time.
The indicator lights will turn on.
Example
4. The indicator light will blink slowly. In
order from left to right, and within two
and one-half minutes, enter each switch
setting into the Universal Home Remote
System. Push one button for each switch
as follows:
• Left button = “on” switch position.
• Right button = “off” switch position.
• Middle button = “middle” switch position.
144
6. Press and hold the button you would like to use
to control the garage door until the garage door
moves. The indicator light above the selected
button should slowly blink. You may need to
hold the button from five to 55 seconds.
7. Immediately release the button when the
garage door moves. The indicator light will
blink rapidly until programming is complete.
8. Press and release the button again. The
garage door should move, confirming that
programming is successful and complete.
To program another device such as an additional
garage door opener, a security device, or home
lighting, repeat Steps 1 through 8, choosing a
different function button in Step 7 than what you
used for the garage door opener.
Programming Universal Home
Remote — Rolling Code
Rolling code garage door openers are used for
garage doors produced after 1996 and are
code protected. Rolling code means the coded
signal is changed every time your remote control
garage door opener is used.
Programming a rolling code garage door opener
involves time-sensitive actions, so read the
entire procedure before you begin. If you do not
follow these actions, the device will time out
and you will have to repeat the procedure.
Follow these steps to program up to three
channels:
1. Press the two outside buttons at the same
time for one to two seconds, and immediately
release them.
2. Go to the garage. Locate the garage door
motor head and press and release the
“learn” button.
After pressing the “learn” button, you have
10 to 30 seconds to complete Step 4 depending
on your garage control unit. If you cannot locate
the “learn” button, refer to the owner’s guide for
your garage door opener.
3. Press and hold the button you would like to use
to control the garage door until the garage door
moves. The indicator light, above the selected
button, should slowly blink. You may need to
hold the button from five to 20 seconds.
145
4. Immediately release the button when the
garage door moves. The indicator light will
blink rapidly until programming is complete.
5. Press and release the button again. The
garage door should move, confirming that
programming is successful and complete.
To program another device such as an additional
garage door opener, a security device, or home
lighting, repeat Steps 1 through 6, choosing a
different function button in Step 4 than what you
used for the garage door opener.
Using Universal Home Remote
Press and hold the appropriate button for at least
half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Reprogramming Universal Home
Remote Buttons
You can reprogram any of the three buttons by
repeating the instructions.
146
Erasing Universal Home Remote
Buttons
You should erase the programmed buttons when
you sell the vehicle or terminate your lease.
To erase either rolling code or fixed code on the
Universal Home Remote device, do the following:
1. Press and hold the two outside buttons at
the same time for about 20 seconds, until
the indicator lights, located directly above
the buttons, begin to blink rapidly.
2. Once the indicator lights begin to blink,
release both buttons. The codes from all
button will be erased.
For additional information on Universal Home
Remote, see Customer Assistance Offices
on page 464.
Universal Home Remote
System Operation
(With One Triangular LED)
If you have a newer garage door opener with rolling
codes, please be sure to follow Steps 6 through 8 to
complete the programming of your Universal Home
Remote Transmitter.
Read the instructions completely before attempting
to program the Universal Home Remote. Because
of the steps involved, it may be helpful to have
another person available to assist you in the
programming steps.
Your vehicle may have the Universal Home Remote
System. If there is one triangular Light Emitting
Diode (LED) above the Universal Home Remote
buttons, follow the instructions below. If your
vehicle has three round LED above the Universal
Home Remote buttons, follow the instructions under
Universal Home Remote System Operation (with
three round LED).
Do not use the Universal Home Remote with any
garage door opener that does not have the stop
and reverse feature. This includes any garage door
opener model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Keep the original hand-held transmitter for use in
other vehicles as well as for future Universal Home
Remote programming. It is also recommended that
upon the sale of the vehicle, the programmed
Universal Home Remote buttons should be erased
for security purposes. See “Erasing Universal
Home Remote Buttons” later in this section or, for
assistance, see Customer Assistance Offices on
page 464.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the
garage door or gate operator you are programming.
When programming a garage door, it is advised to
park outside of the garage.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio-frequency signal.
147
Programming Universal Home Remote
Follow these steps to program up to
three channels:
1. Press and hold down the two outside Universal
Home Remote buttons, releasing only when
the Universal Home Remote indicator light
begins to flash, after 20 seconds. Do not hold
down the buttons for longer than 30 seconds
and do not repeat this step to program a
second and/or third hand-held transmitter to
the remaining two Universal Home Remote
buttons.
2. Position the end of your hand-held transmitter
about 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the
Universal Home Remote buttons while
keeping the indicator light in view.
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the
desired Universal Home Remote button
and the hand-held transmitter button. Do not
release the buttons until Step 4 has been
completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers
may require you to substitute Step 3 with
the procedure noted in “Gate Operator and
Canadian Programming” later in this section.
148
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and
then rapidly after Universal Home Remote
successfully receives the frequency signal
from the hand-held transmitter. Release both
buttons.
5. Press and hold the newly-trained Universal
Home Remote button and observe the
indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on continuously,
programming is complete and your device
should activate when the Universal Home
Remote button is pressed and released.
To program the remaining two Universal Home
Remote buttons, begin with Step 2 under
“Programming Universal Home Remote.” Do
not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of the
programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for
two seconds and then turns to a constant light,
continue with Steps 6 through 8 following to
complete the programming of a rolling-code
device, most commonly, a garage door opener.
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. This can usually be
found where the hanging antenna wire is
attached to the motor-head unit.
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or
“Smart” button. The name and color of
the button may vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold the
programmed Universal Home Remote button
for two seconds, then release it. Immediately
press and hold the same button a second time
for two seconds, then release it. Immediately,
press and hold the same button a third time for
two seconds, then release.
The Universal Home Remote should now
activate the rolling-code device.
To program the remaining two Universal
Home Remote buttons, begin with Step 2 of
“Programming Universal Home Remote.” Do not
repeat Step 1, as this will erase all previous
programming from the Universal Home Remote
buttons.
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to time out or quit after several seconds
of transmission. This may not be long enough
for Universal Home Remote to pick up the signal
during programming. Similarly, some U.S. gate
operators are manufactured to time out in
the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator or garage door
opener by using the “Programming Universal
Home Remote” procedures, regardless of where
you live, replace Step 3 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the Universal Home
Remote button while you press and release every
two seconds (cycle) the hand-held transmitter
button until the frequency signal has been
successfully accepted by the Universal Home
Remote. The Universal Home Remote indicator
light will flash slowly at first and then rapidly.
Proceed with Step 4 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” to complete.
149
Using Universal Home Remote
Press and hold the appropriate Universal Home
Remote button for at least half of a second.
The indicator light will come on while the signal is
being transmitted.
Erasing Universal Home Remote
Buttons
To erase programming from the three Universal
Home Remote buttons do the following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons
until the indicator light begins to flash, after
20 seconds. Do not hold the two outside
buttons for longer than 30 seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
The Universal Home Remote is now in the training
(learning) mode and can be programmed at any
time beginning with Step 2 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” shown earlier in
this section.
Individual buttons cannot be erased, but they
can be reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a
Single Universal Home Remote Button” following
this section.
150
Reprogramming a Single Universal
Home Remote Button
To program a device to Universal Home Remote
using a Universal Home Remote button
previously trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired Universal Home
Remote button. Do not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the Universal
Home Remote button, proceed with Step
2 under “Programming Universal Home
Remote” shown earlier in this section.
For additional information on Universal Home
Remote, see Customer Assistance Offices
on page 464.
Storage Areas
Center Console Storage Area
Glove Box
To open the glove box, lift up on the lever. The
glove box has a light inside. Use the key to
lock and unlock.
Cupholder(s)
There are cupholders located in the full floor
console, or in the front of the center seat console.
Cupholders are also located in the rear armrest.
To access the full floor console cupholder slide the
cover back. To access the center seat console
cupholder, fold open the front of the console.
Front Storage Area
Your vehicle has a removable front storage bin.
To open, push down then release to reveal
the front bin and accessory outlet. To remove,
push up and forward to loosen, then pull the bin
out. If your vehicle has a center flex storage
unit, pull the handle rearward to open the front bin
and accessory power outlet. To remove, pull
the bin out.
If your vehicle has a full floor console it has two
storage areas. To access the upper tray storage, lift
the left lever located in the front of the armrest lid.
To access the lower storage area, lift the right lever.
If your vehicle has a center seat console it will have
two storage areas. To access the upper storage
area, press the button located on the front of the
armrest and lift the armrest lid. To access the lower
storage area, pull the strap located behind the cup
holder.
151
Center Flex Storage Unit
Rear Seat Armrest
Your vehicle has a rear seat armrest with
cupholders. To access, pull the tab on the
armrest forward.
Convenience Net
The vehicle may have a convenience net located
on the back wall of the trunk.
The net is not for larger, heavier loads. Store
those in the trunk as far forward as possible.
Unhook the net so that it will lie flat when
not in use.
Your vehicle may have a center flex storage unit
that includes a front center seat with a lap belt and
an underseat storage compartment. The center
seatback can also be used as a fold down armrest.
Cupholders are also located at the front edge of
the storage unit and can be accessed by
folding the compartment forward.
When not being used, the center seat lap belt can
be stored in the underseat storage compartment.
152
Sunroof
Your vehicle may be equipped with a power
sunroof.
The sunroof buttons
are located on the
headliner.
To close the sunroof, press the front of the driver’s
side button to the second detent position, and
release.
To vent the sunroof press and hold the back of
the passenger’s side button until the vent reaches
the desired position. Press the front of the
passenger’s side button to close the sunroof.
If an object is in the path of the sunroof while it is
closing, the anti-pinch feature will detect the
object and stop the sunroof from closing at the
point of the obstruction. The sunroof will then
return to the full-open or vent position.
To express-open the sunroof press the rear of the
driver’s side button to the second detent position,
and release. To stop the sunroof from express
opening, press the button again. If the sunshade
is in the closed position, it will open with the
sunroof, or it can be opened manually.
153
✍ NOTES
154
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ........................ 158
Hazard Warning Flashers .......................... 160
Other Warning Devices ............................. 160
Horn .......................................................... 160
Tilt Wheel .................................................. 161
Heated Steering Wheel ............................. 161
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .................. 162
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ................. 162
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer .......... 163
Flash-to-Pass ............................................ 164
Windshield Wipers ..................................... 164
Rainsense™ II Wipers ............................... 165
Windshield Washer .................................... 166
Cruise Control ........................................... 167
Exterior Lamps .......................................... 170
Wiper Activated Headlamps ....................... 171
Headlamps on Reminder ........................... 171
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) ................. 172
Fog Lamps ................................................ 173
Cornering Lamps ....................................... 173
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver .................. 173
Instrument Panel Brightness ...................... 174
Courtesy Lamps ........................................ 174
Entry Lighting ............................................ 174
Delayed Entry Lighting .............................. 174
Theater Dimming ....................................... 175
Delayed Exit Lighting ................................. 175
Perimeter Lighting ..................................... 175
Front Reading Lamps ................................ 175
Electric Power Management ...................... 176
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver ............... 177
Battery Run-Down Protection ..................... 177
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) ...... 178
Accessory Power Outlet(s) ........................ 181
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter ................ 182
Climate Controls ......................................... 182
Climate Control System ............................. 182
Dual Automatic Climate Control System .... 186
Outlet Adjustment ...................................... 192
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ............. 192
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ..... 194
Instrument Panel Cluster ........................... 194
Speedometer and Odometer ...................... 196
Trip Odometer ........................................... 196
Tachometer ............................................... 196
Safety Belt Reminder Light ........................ 196
155
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder Light ....... 197
Airbag Readiness Light ............................. 197
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............. 198
Charging System Light .............................. 200
Brake System Warning Light ..................... 201
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light ...... 202
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light ........................................ 202
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light ......................... 203
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light ........................................ 204
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ............ 204
Tire Pressure Light .................................... 205
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ........................ 206
Oil Pressure Light ..................................... 209
Security Light ............................................ 210
Fog Lamp Light ......................................... 210
Cruise Control Light .................................. 210
Highbeam On Light ................................... 210
Fuel Gage ................................................. 211
156
Driver Information Center (DIC) .................. 212
DIC Controls and Displays ........................ 212
DIC Compass ............................................ 218
DIC Warnings and Messages .................... 221
DIC Vehicle Customization ........................ 231
Audio System(s) ......................................... 241
Setting the Time (Without Date Display) .... 242
Setting the Time (With Date Display) ......... 243
Radio with CD (Base) ............................... 245
Radio with CD (MP3) ................................ 251
Using an MP3 ........................................... 262
XM Radio Messages ................................. 269
Navigation/Radio System ........................... 271
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................. 271
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................. 271
Radio Reception ........................................ 272
Care of Your CDs ..................................... 273
Care of the CD Player .............................. 274
Backglass Antenna .................................... 274
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ....... 274
✍ NOTES
157
Instrument Panel Overview
158
The main components of your instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on
page 192.
B. Driver Information Center (DIC) Buttons
(If Equipped). See DIC Controls and Displays
on page 212.
C. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 162.
D. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 194.
E. Hazard Warning Flashers. See Hazard Warning
Flashers on page 160.
F. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on
page 241.
G. Exterior Lamp Buttons. See Exterior Lamps on
page 170.
H. Instrument Panel Brightness Control. See
Instrument Panel Brightness on page 174.
I. Hood Release. See Hood Release on
page 333.
J. Cruise Controls. See Cruise Control on
page 167. Heated Steering Wheel Button
(If Equipped). See Heated Steering Wheel
on page 161.
K. Parking Brake. See Parking Brake on
page 122.
L. Audio Steering Wheel Controls. See Audio
Steering Wheel Controls on page 271.
M. Climate Controls. See Climate Control System
on page 182 or Dual Automatic Climate
Control System on page 186.
N. Traction Control/StabiliTrak® Button. See
Traction Control System (TCS) on page 283
and StabiliTrak® System on page 284.
O. Ashtray. See Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter
on page 182.
P. Shift Lever. See Automatic Transaxle Operation
on page 119.
Q. Accessory Power Outlet. See Accessory Power
Outlet(s) on page 181.
R. Trunk Release. See Trunk on page 106.
S. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 151.
159
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others.
They also let police know you have a problem. Your
front and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
The hazard warning
flasher button is located
in the center of the
instrument panel above
the radio.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and off. Press the button
again to turn the flashers off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your
turn signals will not work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set them up
at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m)
behind your vehicle.
Horn
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key is
not in the ignition.
160
Press near or on the horn symbols on your
steering wheel pad to sound the horn.
Tilt Wheel
Heated Steering Wheel
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. You can also raise it to the
highest level to give your legs more room when
you exit and enter the vehicle.
Your vehicle may have a heated steering wheel.
The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel
is located on the left side of the steering column.
To tilt the wheel, hold
the wheel and pull the
lever toward you. Then
move the wheel to a
comfortable position and
release the lever to lock
the wheel in place.
The button for this
feature is located on
the left side of the
steering wheel.
Press the button to turn the heated steering wheel
on or off. A light on the button will display when
the feature is turned on.
The steering wheel will take about three minutes
to start heating.
161
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
• L Windshield Washer. See Windshield
Washer on page 166.
• _ Heated Washer Fluid. See Windshield
Washer on page 166.
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
To signal a turn, move the lever on the left side of
the steering wheel all the way up or down. The lever
returns automatically when the turn is complete.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
• G Turn and Lane-Change Signals. See
Turn and Lane-Change Signals on page 162.
An arrow on the
instrument panel
cluster will flash in the
direction of the turn or
lane change.
• 3 Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on
page 163.
• Flash-To-Pass Feature. See Flash-to-Pass on
page 164.
• N Windshield Wipers. See Windshield Wipers
on page 164.
162
You may also have an arrow in the outside mirror
that flashes when the turn signal is used. See
Outside Power Mirrors on page 133 for more
information.
Raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to
flash to signal a lane change. Hold it there until the
lane change is complete. If you momentarily press
and release the lever, the turn signal will flash
three times.
If the arrows flash very fast as you signal a turn or a
lane change, a signal bulb may be burned out and
other drivers will not see your turn signal. If a bulb is
burned out, replace it to help avoid an accident.
If the arrows do not go on at all when you signal
a turn, check the fuse. See Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 428.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from low beam to
high beam, push the turn signal lever away from
you. To change from high beam to low beam,
pull the turn signal lever toward you.
While the high beams
are on, this light located
on the instrument
panel cluster will
also be on.
Turn Signal On Chime
If your turn signal is left on for more than
0.8 miles (1.3 km), a chime will sound at each
flash of the turn signal. To turn off the chime,
move the turn signal lever to the off position.
163
Flash-to-Pass
This feature lets you use the high-beam headlamps
to signal the driver in front of you that you want to
pass. It works even if your headlamps are off.
Pull the turn signal lever toward you briefly to
flash-to-pass.
If the headlamps are off or on low beam, the
high-beam headlamps will turn on. They will stay on
as long as you hold the lever toward you and the
high-beam indicator on the instrument panel cluster
will come on.
Windshield Wipers
You control the windshield wipers by turning the
band with the wiper symbol on it.
8 (Mist): Turn the band to mist for a single wiping
cycle. Hold it there until the wipers start. Then let
go. The wipers stop after one wipe. For more wipe
cycles, hold the band longer on mist.
6 (Delay):
Turn the band to choose the delay time
between wipe cycles. The wiper speed can be set
for a long or short delay between wipes. The closer
the band is set to the top of the lever, the shorter
the delay.
164
6 (Low Speed): Turn the band away from
you to the first solid band past the delay settings
for steady wiping at low speed.
1 (High Speed): For high-speed wiping, turn
the band further, to the second solid band past the
delay settings.
9 (Off): To stop the wipers, move the band to off.
Clear ice and snow from the wiper blades before
using them. If they are frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If the blades
become worn or damaged, replace with new
blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor. A
circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools. Clear
away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Your vehicle has wiper-activated headlamps. After
the windshield wipers have completed eight
wipe cycles within four minutes, the headlamps
automatically turn on. See Wiper Activated
Headlamps on page 171 for more information.
Rainsense™ II Wipers
If your vehicle has this feature, the moisture sensor
is mounted on the interior of the windshield beside
the rearview mirror and is used to automatically
operate the wipers. This system operates by
monitoring the amount of moisture build-up on the
windshield. Wipes occur as needed to clear the
windshield depending on the driving conditions and
the sensitivity setting. In light rain or snow, fewer
wipes will occur. In heavy rain or snow, wipes will
occur more frequently. The system operates in the
delay mode. If the system is left on for long periods
of time, occasional wipes may occur without any
moisture on the windshield. This is normal and
indicates that the Rainsense™ system is active.
The Rainsense™ system is activated by turning
the wiper control band to one of the five sensitivity
levels within the delay area. The position closest
to off is the lowest sensitivity setting, level one.
This allows more rain or snow to collect on the
windshield between wipes. Turning the wiper band
away from you to higher sensitivity levels increases
the sensitivity of the system and frequency of
wipes. The highest sensitivity setting, level five is
closest to low. A single wipe will occur each time
you turn the wiper stalk to a higher sensitivity level
to indicate that the sensitivity level has been
increased.
Notice: Going through an automatic car wash
with the wipers on can damage them. Turn the
wipers off when going through an automatic
car wash.
The MIST and wash cycles operate as normal and
are not affected by the Rainsense™ function. The
system can be overridden at any time by manually
changing the wiper control to low or high speed.
Notice: Do not place stickers or other items
on the exterior glass surface directly in front of
the rain sensor. Doing this could cause the
rain sensor to malfunction.
165
Windshield Washer
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your
washer until the windshield is warmed.
Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice
on the windshield, blocking your vision.
J (Washer Fluid): Press and release this
paddle, located at the top of the turn signal/
multifunction lever, to spray washer fluid on the
windshield. The wipers will clear the windshield
and either stop or return to your preset speed. For
more washer cycles, press and hold the paddle.
_ (Heated Washer Fluid): The heated
windshield washer fluid system, if your vehicle has
this feature, may be used to help clear ice, snow,
tree sap, or bugs from your windshield. Sliding the
switch on the turn signal/multifunction lever to
this position and then releasing it will activate the
heated windshield washer fluid system. This
activation will initiate four heated wash/wipe cycles.
The first heated wash/wipe cycle may take up to
40 seconds to occur, depending on outside
temperature. After the first wash/wipe cycle, it may
take up to 20 seconds for each of the remaining
cycles. The heated windshield washer fluid system
may be turned off at any time by sliding the switch
on the turn signal/multifunction lever to this
position again.
When the heated windshield washer fluid system
is activated under certain outside temperature
conditions, steam may flow out of the washer
nozzles for a short period of time before washer
fluid is sprayed. This is a normal condition.
Washer Fluid Low Add Fluid will be displayed on
the Driver Information Center (DIC) when the
washer fluid is low. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 221.
166
Cruise Control
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of
about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping
your foot on the accelerator. This can really help on
long trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds
below about 25 mph (40 km/h).
{CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where
you cannot drive safely at a steady speed.
So, do not use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause
excessive wheel slip, and you could
lose control. Do not use cruise control
on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system, if your vehicle has this feature,
begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise control will
automatically disengage. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 283. When road conditions
allow you to safely use it again, the cruise control
can be turned back on.
The cruise control
buttons are located
on left side of the
steering wheel.
T (On/Off): Press this button to turn cruise
control on and off. The indicator will be lit
when cruise control is on.
167
+ RES (Resume/Accelerate): Press this button
to make the vehicle accelerate or resume to
a previously set speed.
SET – : Press this button to set the speed or
make the vehicle decelerate.
[ (Cancel): Press this button to cancel cruise
control.
Setting Cruise Control
Cruise control will not work if the parking brake is
set, or if the master cylinder brake fluid level is low.
The cruise control light on the instrument panel
cluster will come on after the cruise control
has been set to the desired speed. See
Instrument Panel Cluster on page 194.
168
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when
you are not using cruise, you might hit a
button and go into cruise when you do
not want to. You could be startled and
even lose control. Keep the cruise control
switch off until you want to use cruise
control.
1. Press the cruise control on/off button.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press and release the SET– button located on
the steering wheel.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator.
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set the cruise control at a desired
speed and then you apply the brake. This shuts off
the cruise control, but it does not need to be reset.
Once you are driving about 25 mph (40 km/h) or
more, press the +RES button on the steering
wheel. The vehicle will go back to your chosen
speed and stay there.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
To increase the cruise speed while using cruise
control:
• Press and hold the +RES button on the
steering wheel until you reach your new
desired speed, then release it.
• To increase vehicle speed in small increments,
press the +RES button.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
To reduce your speed while using cruise control:
• Press and hold the SET– button on the
steering wheel until you reach the lower
speed you want, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, press
the SET– button on the steering wheel
briefly. Each time this is done, you will
go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase vehicle
speed. When you take your foot off the pedal, the
vehicle will slow down to the cruise speed you
set earlier.
169
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well the cruise control will work on hills
depends upon the vehicle speed, load and the
steepness of the hills. When going up steep hills,
you may have to step on the accelerator pedal
to maintain your speed. When going downhill, you
may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to
keep your speed down. Of course, applying the
brake ends the cruise control. Many drivers
find this to be too much trouble and do not use
cruise control on steep hills.
Exterior Lamps
The exterior lamps
control is located on
the instrument panel
to the left of the
steering wheel.
Ending Cruise Control
There are three ways to end cruise control:
• Step lightly on the brake pedal.
• Press the [ (cancel) button on the steering
wheel.
• Press the T (on/off) button on the steering
wheel.
Erasing Speed Memory
The cruise control set speed memory is erased by
turning off the cruise control or the ignition.
170
It controls the following systems:
• Headlamps
• Taillamps
• Parking Lamps
• License Plate Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
• Fog Lamps
The exterior lamps control has four positions:
O (Off): Turn the control to this position to turn
- (Fog Lamps): Push the exterior lamps control
in to turn on the fog lamps.
off the exterior lamps.
See Fog Lamps on page 173.
AUTO (Automatic): Turn the control to this
position to automatically turn on the headlamps at
normal brightness, together with the following:
• Parking Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
Wiper Activated Headlamps
; (Parking Lamps): Turn the control to this
position to turn on the parking lamps together with
the following:
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
2 (Headlamps): Turn the control to this position
to turn on the headlamps together with the following
lamps listed below. A warning chime will sound if
you open the driver’s door when the ignition switch
is off and the headlamps are on.
• Parking Lamps
• License Plate Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
This feature activates the headlamps and parking
lamps after the windshield wipers are turned
on and have completed eight wipe cycles within
four minutes.
When the ignition is turned to OFF, the
wiper-activated headlamps immediately turn off.
The wiper-activated headlamps also turn off if the
windshield wipers are turned off.
Headlamps on Reminder
If you leave the exterior lamp buttons for the
headlamps or parking lamps on, remove the key
from the ignition and open the driver’s door,
you will hear a continuous warning chime. The
chime will turn off when the lamps are turned off.
171
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during
the day. DRL can be helpful in many different
driving conditions, but they can be especially
helpful in the short periods after dawn and before
sunset. Fully functional daytime running lamps
are required on all vehicles first sold in Canada.
A light sensor on top of the instrument panel
monitors the exterior light level for the operation
of DRL, so be sure it is not covered.
The DRL system will make your low-beam
headlamps turn on at reduced brightness in
daylight when the following conditions are met:
• The ignition is on.
• The exterior lamp button for the headlamps
is off.
• The automatic transaxle is not in PARK (P).
172
When the DRL are on, only your low-beam
headlamps will be on. The parking lamps, taillamps,
sidemarker and other lamps will not be on.
When it is dark enough outside, your low-beam
headlamps will come on. The other lamps that turn
on with your headlamps will also turn on. When
it is bright enough outside, the regular lamps
will go off, and your low-beam headlamps change
to the reduced brightness of DRL.
To turn off all exterior lighting at night when you
are parked, turn the exterior lamp control to the
off position. The exterior lamps will turn back
on automatically when you move the transaxle out
of PARK (P). See Exterior Lamps on page 170
for more information.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the
regular headlamp system when you need it.
Fog Lamps
Cornering Lamps
- (Fog Lamps): If your vehicle has fog lamps,
If your vehicle has this feature, the cornering lamps
come on when: the headlamps or parking lamps are
on, the vehicle is not in PARK (P), and you signal a
turn with the turn signal/multifunction lever. They
provide more light for cornering.
the button is located on the exterior lamps control.
The exterior lamps control is located on the
instrument panel to the left of the steering column.
Your ignition must be in RUN for the fog lamps to
illuminate.
To turn the fog lamps on, press the exterior lamps
button. A light will come on in the instrument
panel cluster to let you know that the fog lamps
are on. See Instrument Panel Cluster on page 194.
Press the exterior lamps button again to turn the
fog lamps off.
The ignition must be in RUN and the parking
lamps must be on for your fog lamps to work.
The fog lamps will go off while you change
to high-beam headlamps.
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
If the exterior lamp button has been left on, the
exterior lamps will turn off about 10 minutes after
the ignition is turned to OFF and a door has been
opened. This protects against draining the battery
in case you have accidentally left the headlamps or
parking lamps on. If you need to leave the lamps on
for more than 10 minutes, use the manual control to
turn the lamps back on after the ignition is turned to
OFF and any door is opened.
Some localities have laws that require the
headlamps to be on along with the fog lamps.
173
Instrument Panel Brightness
Entry Lighting
D (Instrument Panel Brightness): This feature
If it is dark enough outside when you press the
unlock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter, the interior courtesy lamps will turn on
and stay on for about 40 seconds. The lamps can
be turned off immediately by pressing the lock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter,
turning the ignition key to RUN or activating the
power door locks.
controls the brightness of the instrument panel
lights.
The knob for this control is located next to the
exterior lamps control.
Push the knob in and release when it pops out.
Turn the knob clockwise to increase the brightness
of the instrument panel lights and counter clockwise
to decrease the brightness. Turning the knob
completely clockwise to the detent will turn on the
courtesy lamps.
Courtesy Lamps
When any door is opened, several lamps turn on
making it easier for you to enter and exit the
vehicle. Turn the instrument panel brightness
control completely clockwise to manually turn
on these lamps.
174
Delayed Entry Lighting
The interior lamps will turn on if you open the door
when it is dark enough outside. When you close the
door with the ignition off, the interior lamps will stay
on for up to 25 seconds or until the ignition is turned
to an on position. When the lamps turn off as a
result of the 25 second timer or the ignition switch
being turned on, the lighting will deactivate by way
of the theater dimming effect. Locking the doors will
override the delayed entry lighting feature and the
lamps will turn off right away.
Theater Dimming
Perimeter Lighting
This feature allows for a three to five-second fade
out of the courtesy lamps instead of immediate
turn off.
If it is dark enough outside when the unlock button
on the remote keyless entry transmitter is pressed,
the DRL, parking lamps and back-up lamps will
come on.
Delayed Exit Lighting
This feature can be programmed on for various
amounts of time in seconds for each transmitter.
If it is dark enough outside when you remove
the key from the ignition, the interior lamps will turn
on and stay on for about 25 seconds. This will
give you time to find the door pull handle or lock
switches. Once the key is inserted into the ignition,
the exit lighting will be cancelled and the lighting
will fade out.
See DIC Vehicle Customization on page 231
for information on programming.
Front Reading Lamps
The front reading lamps, located on the headliner,
are turned on or off by pressing one of the buttons
located near each lamp.
175
Electric Power Management
The vehicle has Electric Power Management
(EPM) that estimates the battery’s temperature and
state of charge. It then adjusts the voltage for
best performance and extended life of the battery.
When the battery’s state of charge is low, the
voltage is raised slightly to quickly put the charge
back in. When the state of charge is high, the
voltage is lowered slightly to prevent overcharging.
If the vehicle has a voltmeter gage or voltage
display on the Driver Information Center (DIC),
you may see the voltage move up or down. This
is normal. If there is a problem, an alert will
be displayed.
The battery can be discharged at idle if the
electrical loads are very high. This is true for all
vehicles. This is because the generator (alternator)
may not be spinning fast enough at idle to produce
all the power that is needed for very high electrical
loads.
176
A high electrical load occurs when several of the
following loads are on: headlamps, high beams, fog
lamps, rear window defogger, climate control fan at
high speed, heated seats, engine cooling fans,
trailer loads, and loads plugged into accessory
power outlets.
EPM works to prevent excessive discharge of the
battery. It does this by balancing the generator’s
output and the vehicle’s electrical needs. It can
increase engine idle speed to generate more
power, whenever needed. It can temporarily
reduce the power demands of some accessories.
Normally, these actions occur in steps or levels,
without being noticeable. In rare cases at the
highest levels of corrective action, this action
may be noticeable to the driver. If so, a Driver
Information Center (DIC) message might be
displayed, such as Battery Saver Active or Service
Battery Charging System. If this message is
displayed, it is recommended that the driver
reduce the electrical loads as much as possible.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 221.
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver
Battery Run-Down Protection
This feature is designed to protect your vehicle’s
battery against drainage from the interior lamps, or
garage door opener. When the ignition is turned
off, the power to these features will automatically
turn off after 10 minutes. Power will be restored
for an additional 10 minutes if any door is opened,
the trunk is opened or the courtesy lamp switch
is turned on.
This vehicle has a feature to help prevent the
battery from being drained, if the interior courtesy
lamps, reading/map lamps, visor vanity lamps
or trunk lamp are accidentally left on. If any
of these lamps are left on, they will automatically
turn off after 10 minutes, if the ignition is off.
The lamps will not come back on again until one
of the following occurs:
• The ignition is turned on.
• The exterior lamps control is turned off, then
on again.
The headlamps will timeout after 10 minutes, if they
are manually turned on before the ignition is off.
177
Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA)
If your vehicle is equipped, the Ultrasonic Rear
Parking Assist (URPA) system is designed to help
you park while in REVERSE (R). It operates only at
speeds less than 5 mph (8 km/h). URPA helps
make parking easier and helps you avoid colliding
with objects such as parked vehicles. The URPA
system detects objects that are close to the rear of
the vehicle which are at least 10 inches (25.4 cm)
off the ground and below hood or trunk level. The
system detects objects up to 8 feet (2.5 m) behind
your vehicle. URPA determines how close these
objects are from your bumper within this area.
Ultrasonic sensors on the rear bumper are used
to detect the distance to the object.
178
{CAUTION:
The Ultrasonic Rear Park Assist (URPA)
system does not replace driver vision.
URPA does not:
• Operate above speeds of
5 mph (8 km/h).
• Detect objects more than 8 feet
(2.5 meters) behind the vehicle. This
distance may be less during warmer or
humid weather.
• Detect objects that are below the
bumper, underneath the vehicle,
or that are very close to the vehicle.
• Detect children, pedestrians, bicyclists,
or pets.
So if you do not use proper care before
backing up, you could hit a vehicle, child,
pedestrian, bicyclist, or pet, resulting in
vehicle damage, injury, or death. Even
though the vehicle has the URPA system,
always check carefully before backing up
by checking behind your vehicle.
The display is located
near the rear window
and can be seen
by looking over your
right shoulder.
The display has three color-coded lights. The
URPA lights are used to provide distance and
system information, along with beeps played out
the speakers.
How the System Works
When the shift lever is moved into REVERSE (R),
the rear display will briefly illuminate to let you know
the display is operating correctly. URPA comes on
automatically when the shift lever is moved into
REVERSE (R). The system also does not work at a
reverse speed greater than 5 mph (8 km/h). To
remind you of this, the red light on the rear display
will flash.
The system can be disabled using the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See DIC Controls and
Displays on page 212.
How the System Works when Backing
If the shift lever is in REVERSE (R), URPA detects
objects close to the rear bumper. The first time an
object is detected a single beep will sound. If an
object is detected at a REVERSE (R) speed
between 0 mph (0km/h) and 5 mph (8 km/h), the
following describes what will occur based on your
distance to a detected object located behind the
vehicle:
• At distances between 40 inches (1 m) and
8 ft (2.5 m), a single amber light will be lit.
• At distances between 23 inches (0.6 m) and
40 inches (1 m), both amber lights will be lit.
• At distances between 12 inches (0.3 m)
and 23 inches (0.6 m), all three lights
(amber/amber/red) will be lit.
• At distances less than 12 inches (0.3 m), a
beeping sound will repeat for a short time and
all three lights (amber/amber/red) will be lit and
flashing.
179
When the System Does Not Seem to
Work Properly
If the URPA system will not activate due to a
temporary condition, the message PARK ASSIST
OFF will be displayed on the DIC and a red light will
be shown on the rear URPA display when the shift
lever is moved into REVERSE (R). This occurs
under the following conditions:
• The driver disables the system. See DIC
Controls and Displays on page 212.
• The parking brake pedal is pressed.
• A trailer was attached to your vehicle, or a
bicycle or an object was hanging out of your
trunk during your last drive when you turned off
the vehicle. If the attached objects are removed
from your vehicle before the start of your next
drive, the system will return to normal operation
unless an object is detected when the vehicle is
shifted into REVERSE (R). If this occurs, URPA
assumes the object is still attached, so you will
have to wait until the vehicle is driven forward
above 15 mph (25 km/h) before URPA will
return to normal operation.
180
• The ultrasonic sensors are not kept clean. So,
be sure to keep your vehicle’s rear bumper free
of mud, dirt, snow, ice, and slush. For cleaning
instructions, see Washing Your Vehicle on
page 422. If the DIC still displays the PARK
ASSIST OFF message after cleaning the
bumper and driving forward at a speed of at
least 15 mph (25 km/h), see your dealer.
• Other conditions that may affect system
performance include vibrations from a
jackhammer or the compression of air brakes
on a very large truck or other mechanical
devices that interfere with URPA performance.
• When URPA is disabled without driver action
and the driver attempts to turn URPA back on
using the Driver Information Center (DIC), the
PARK ASSIST ON option will not be selectable
if the necessary conditions stated above for
normal system operation are not met.
As always, drivers should use care when backing
up a vehicle. Always look behind you, being sure to
check for other vehicles, obstructions and blind
spots.
For Driver Information Center messages related to
URPA, see DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 221.
If the bumper is damaged, your URPA system
may not work properly. Take the vehicle to
your dealer to repair the system.
Accessory Power Outlet(s)
The accessory power outlets can be used to plug in
electrical equipment such as a cellular telephone or
CB radio.
Your vehicle may have up to three power outlets
depending on the type of front seat you have.
If your vehicle has front bucket seats with a center
console, you will find two outlets inside the rear
storage compartment. An extra power outlet
can be found in the ashtray.
Your vehicle may have a small cap that must be
pulled down to access the accessory power outlet.
If it does, when not using the outlet be sure to
cover it with the protective cap.
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods will drain the battery. Always
turn off electrical equipment when not in use
and do not plug in equipment that exceeds the
maximum amperage rating.
Certain electrical accessories may not be
compatible to the accessory power outlets and
could result in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If
you experience a problem see your dealer for
additional information on the accessory power
outlets.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to
your vehicle may damage it or keep other
components from working as they should. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Do not use equipment exceeding maximum
amperage rating of 20 amperes. Check with
your dealer before adding electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to
follow the proper installation instructions included
with the equipment.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can
cause damage not covered by your warranty.
Do not hang any type of accessory or
accessory bracket from the plug because the
power outlets are designed for accessory
power plugs only.
181
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter
Push down on the front center tray to reveal the
front ashtray, cigarette lighter, and accessory
power outlet. The ashtray can be removed
for cleaning. Hold the sides of the ashtray
and then pull the ashtray up and out.
Notice: If you put papers, pins, or other
flammable items in the ashtray, hot cigarettes
or other smoking materials could ignite
them and possibly damage your vehicle.
Never put flammable items in the ashtray.
To use the lighter, push the center all the way in
and let it go. When it is ready, the center will
pop back out by itself. Pull out the entire unit to
use it.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it
is heating will not allow the lighter to back
away from the heating element when it is hot.
Damage from overheating may occur to the
lighter or heating element, or a fuse could be
blown. Do not hold a cigarette lighter in
while it is heating.
182
Climate Controls
Climate Control System
With this system you can control the heating,
cooling, and ventilation for your vehicle.
If your vehicle has the remote start feature and it is
activated, the climate control system will heat and
cool the inside of the vehicle, using the previous
system settings before the vehicle was turned off.
The rear window defogger will be turned on by the
climate control system when it is cold outside. If the
vehicle has heated seats, they will also turn on.
Cooled seats are not activated during a remote
start. Normal operation of the system will return
after the key is turned to the RUN position. See
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System Operation on
page 95 for more information.
Operation
( (Off): Turn the left knob to this position to turn
the climate control system off.
9(Fan): Turn the left knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan
speed. The fan speed will be temporarily reduced
between the transition to a new mode. The fan will
resume when the new mode is complete.
If the airflow seems low when the fan speed is at
the highest setting, the passenger compartment
air filter may need to be replaced. For more
information, see Passenger Compartment Air
Filter on page 192 and Scheduled Maintenance
on page 442.
Temperature Control: Turn the center knob
clockwise or counterclockwise to warm or cool
the air coming through the outlets.
Use the right knob to select from the following
modes:
H (Vent): This mode directs outside air to the
instrument panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level): This mode directs half of the air to
the instrument panel outlets, and the remaining
air to the floor outlets. Slightly cooler air is directed
to the instrument panel outlets and warmer air is
directed to the floor outlets.
6 (Floor): This mode directs most of the air to
the floor outlets with some air directed toward
the side window outlets and a little air directed to
the windshield.
In this mode, the system will automatically use
outside air.
You can also select modes by using the following
buttons:
h (Recirculate): Press this button to recirculate
cabin air through the vehicle. It can be used to
prevent outside air and odors from entering your
vehicle or to help heat or cool the air inside your
vehicle more quickly. An indicator light below the
button will come on in this mode. Operation in this
mode during periods of high humidity and cool
outside temperatures may result in increased
window fogging. If window fogging is experienced,
select the defrost mode.
183
# (Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn
Defogging and Defrosting
the air conditioning system on or off. When this
button is pressed, an indicator light below the
button will come on to let you know the air
conditioning is activated. Air conditioning can
be selected in any mode as long as the fan knob
is not in the off position.
Fog on the inside of the vehicle is a result of high
humidity causing moisture to condense on the cool
window glass. This can be minimized if the climate
control system is used properly. There are two
modes to clear frost or fog from the windshield.
Use the floor/defog mode to clear the windows of
condensation and to warm the vehicle’s occupants.
Use the defrost mode to remove frost or
condensation from the windshield quickly.
See “Rear Window Defogger” later in this section
for information on clearing the rear window of
fog or ice.
Turn the right knob to select the defog or defrost
mode. The recirculation mode cannot be selected
while in these modes.
On hot days during the vehicle’s initial start-up,
open the windows to let hot inside air escape; then
close them. This helps to reduce the time it takes
for the vehicle to cool down. It also helps the
system to operate more efficiently.
For quicker cool down on hot days, do the
following:
1. Select the vent air mode.
2. Select the recirculation mode.
3. Select the air conditioner.
4. Select the coolest temperature.
5. Select the highest fan speed.
The air-conditioning system removes moisture
from the air, so you may sometimes notice a
small amount of water dripping underneath your
vehicle while idling or after turning off the
engine. This is normal.
184
- (Floor/Defog): This mode directs half of the air
to the windshield and the side window outlets and
half to the floor outlets. The system runs the air
conditioning compressor unless the outside
temperature is near or below freezing.
0 (Defrost): This mode directs most of the air to
the windshield and the side window outlets. The
system runs the air conditioning compressor unless
the outside temperature is near or below freezing.
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
< (Rear Window Defogger): Press this button
to turn the rear window defogger on or off. An
indicator light below the button will come on to
let you know that the rear window defogger is
activated. Be sure to clear as much snow from
the rear window as possible.
The rear window defogger will only work when the
ignition is in run. The rear window defogger will stay
on for about 20 minutes after the button is pressed
if you are traveling at slower vehicle speeds. At
higher vehicle speeds, the rear defogger may stay
on continuously. If turned on again, the defogger
will only run for about 10 minutes before turning off.
The defogger can be turned off by pressing
the button again, by turning the ignition to
ACCESSORY or RUN, or by turning off the engine.
If your vehicle has heated outside rearview mirrors,
the mirrors will heat to help clear fog or frost from
the surface of the mirror when the rear window
defogger is on. See Outside Automatic Dimming
Heated Mirror on page 135 for more information.
Notice: Do not use anything sharp on the
inside of the rear window. If you do, you could
cut or damage the warming grid, and the repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Do not
attach a temporary vehicle license, tape, a decal
or anything similar to the defogger grid.
185
Dual Automatic Climate Control
System
With this system you can control the heating,
cooling, and ventilation for your vehicle.
If your vehicle has the remote start feature and it is
activated, the climate control system will heat and
cool the inside of the vehicle, using the previous
system settings before the vehicle was turned off.
The rear window defogger will be turned on by the
climate control system when it is cold outside. If the
vehicle has heated seats, they will also turn on.
Cooled seats are not activated during a remote
start. Normal operation of the system will return
after the key is turned to the RUN position. See
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System Operation
on page 95 for more information.
186
Automatic Operation
AUTO (Automatic Fan): When this position is
selected on the fan control, the system will adjust
the fan speed. If the OnStar® system is activated
when this position is selected, the fan speed
will lower.
AUTO (Automatic Mode)
1. Turn the fan control to AUTO.
2. Turn the mode control to AUTO.
3. Adjust the temperature to a comfortable
setting between 68°F (21°C) and 78°F (26°C).
Choosing the coldest or warmest temperature
setting will not cause the system to heat or cool
any faster. In cold weather, the system will start
at reduced fan speeds to avoid blowing cold air
into your vehicle until warmer air is available.
The system will start out blowing air at the floor
but may change modes automatically as the
vehicle warms up to maintain the chosen
temperature setting. The length of time needed
to warm the interior will depend on the outside
temperature.
4. Wait a few minutes for the system to
automatically regulate. Then adjust the
temperature as necessary to find your
comfort setting.
Do not cover the solar sensor located in the
center of the instrument panel, near the
windshield. For more information on the solar
sensor, see “Sensors” later in this section.
After your vehicle is started, the display will show
the interior temperature settings.
When the ENG/MET (English/metric) button on the
Driver Information Center (DIC) is pressed, the
display will show readings in Fahrenheit or Celsius.
Use the ENG/MET button to toggle between them.
AUTO (Automatic Air Conditioning): If AUTO
is selected on the fan or mode control, the
system will automatically control the air
conditioning compressor. The A/C compressor
will run automatically even at cool outside
temperatures in order to dehumidify the air.
The A/C indicator light will be lit when the system
is operating automatically, even at near
freezing outside temperatures. Press the A/C
button on the fan control to turn off the A/C.
For improved window clearing performance in
defog or defrost modes, the A/C compressor will
run automatically in damp cool conditions.
h (Auto Recirculation): If AUTO is selected
on either the fan or mode control, the system
will automatically control the air inlet to supply
fresh outside air or recirculate the interior air
to cool the car faster. The indicator light on the
recirculation button will light whenever the system
switches to recirculation. You may force outside
air by pressing the outside air button. The
next time AUTO fan or mode is selected, the
air inlet will reset back to AUTO operation.
Manual Operation
9 (Fan): Turn the left knob either to the left or
right to adjust the fan speed. Turning this control
completely counterclockwise will turn on the
automatic fan operation.
If the airflow seems low when the fan speed is at
the highest setting, the passenger compartment air
filter may need to be replaced. For more
information, see Passenger Compartment Air Filter
on page 192 and Scheduled Maintenance on
page 442.
187
9 (Off): Turn the left control to this position to
# (Air Conditioning): Press this button to
turn the entire climate control system off.
override the automatic system and turn the air
conditioning system on or off. When in AUTO,
the air conditioning compressor will come
on automatically, as necessary.
To change the current mode, select one of the
following positions using the right control:
F (Vent): Turn the control to this mode to direct
air to the instrument panel outlets.
* (Bi-Level): Turn the control to this mode to
direct about half of the air to the instrument panel
outlets and most of the remaining air to the
floor outlets. In automatic operation, cooler air is
directed to the upper outlets and warmer air to the
floor outlets.
7 (Floor): Turn the control to this mode to direct
most of the air to the floor outlets with some air
directed to the side window outlets and the
windshield.
The mode control can also be used to select the
floor/defog mode. Information on defogging
and defrosting can be found later in this section.
188
The air conditioning system removes moisture
from the air, so you may notice a small amount
of water dripping underneath your vehicle while
idling or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
: (Outside Air): This mode allows outside air
to enter the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
the inside from becoming too dry. Press this button
to turn outside air on. Pressing the recirculation
button will cancel this mode. When the button
is pressed, an indicator light will turn on.
? (Recirculation): Press this button to keep
outside air from coming in the vehicle. It can be
used to prevent outside air and odors from entering
your vehicle or to help cool the air inside your
vehicle more quickly. Press this button to turn the
recirculation mode on or off. When the button is
pressed, an indicator light will come on.
wx (Driver’s Temperature Controls): Press
these buttons next to the fan control to manually
increase or decrease the temperature inside
your vehicle.
Sensors
wx (Passenger’s Temperature Controls):
Press these buttons next to the mode control to
manually increase or decrease the temperature for
the front passenger. If the passenger’s climate
control system is off, pressing one of these buttons
will turn it on.
PASS (Passenger’s Climate Control): Press
this button to turn the passenger’s climate control
systems on or off.
If the PASS button is pressed to turn the
passenger temperature setting off, the driver’s
temperature setting will control the temperature
for the entire vehicle.
The solar sensor, located in the defrost grille,
middle of the instrument panel, monitors the solar
radiation. Do not cover the solar sensor or the
system will not work properly.
There is also an interior temperature sensor
located next to the steering wheel that measures
the temperature of the air inside your vehicle.
189
There is also an exterior temperature sensor
located behind the front grille. This sensor reads
the outside air temperature and helps maintain
the temperature inside the vehicle. Any cover on
the front of the vehicle could cause a false
reading in the displayed temperature.
In order to prevent false temperature readings at
startup, the displayed temperature will not
change until the following occurs:
• Vehicle speed is above 10 mph (16 k/mh) for
5 minutes.
• Vehicle speed is above 32 mph (51 k/mh) for
2 and a half minutes.
The climate control system uses the information
from these sensors to maintain your comfort setting
by adjusting the outlet temperature, fan speed, and
the air delivery mode. The system may also supply
cooler air to the side of the vehicle facing the sun.
The recirculation mode will also be used as needed
to maintain cool outlet temperatures.
190
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high
humidity (moisture) condensing on the cool window
glass. This can be minimized if the climate control
system is used properly. There are two modes to
clear fog from your windshield, defog and defrost.
W (Floor/Defog): Use this mode to clear the
windows of fog or moisture and to warm the
passengers. Turning the control to this mode
directs about half of the air to the floor outlets and
the remaining air is directed to the side window
outlets and to the windshield. When you select this
mode, the system turns off recirculation and runs
the air-conditioning compressor unless the
outside temperature is at or below freezing.
The recirculation mode cannot be selected while
in the floor/defog mode.
0 (Defrost): Use this mode to remove fog or
frost from the windshield more quickly. Turning the
control to this mode directs most of the air to the
windshield and the side window outlets. In this
mode, the system will automatically turn off
recirculation and run the air-conditioning
compressor, unless the outside temperature is at or
below freezing. Recirculation cannot be selected
while in the defrost mode. Do not drive the vehicle
until all the windows are clear.
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog or frost from the rear window.
< (Rear Defogger): Press this button to turn
the rear window defogger on or off. An indicator
light below the button will come on to let you know
that the rear window defogger is activated. Be
sure to clear as much snow from the rear window
as possible.
The rear window defogger will only work when the
ignition is in RUN. The rear window defogger will
stay on for about 20 minutes after the button is
pressed if you are traveling at slower vehicle
speeds. At higher vehicle speeds the rear window
defogger may stay on continuously. If turned
on again, the defogger will only run for about
10 minutes before turning off. The defogger can be
turned off by pressing the button again, by turning
the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN, or by turning
off the engine.
The heated outside rearview mirrors will heat to
help clear fog or frost from the surface of the mirror
when the rear window defogger is on. See Outside
Automatic Dimming Heated Mirror on page 135 for
more information.
Notice: Do not use a razor blade or sharp
object to clear the inside rear window. Do not
adhere anything to the defogger grid lines
in the rear glass. These actions may damage
the rear defogger. Repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
191
Outlet Adjustment
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Use the levers, located in the middle of the front
outlets, to change the direction of the airflow.
Use the thumbwheel located between the outlets
to turn them on and off.
The passenger compartment air filter traps most of
the pollen from the air entering your vehicle. Like
your vehicle’s engine air cleaner/filter, it may need
to be changed periodically. For how often to change
the passenger compartment air filter, see
Scheduled Maintenance on page 442.
If your vehicle has rear seat outlets, adjust the
direction of the airflow using the lever in the center
of each outlet.
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow, or leaves from the
air inlets at the base of the windshield that
could block the flow of air into your vehicle.
• Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors can
adversely affect the performance of the system.
• Keep the path under the front seats clear of
objects to help circulate the air inside the
vehicle better.
The access panel for the passenger compartment
air filter is located under the hood near the
windshield, on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
192
To access the passenger compartment air filter,
do the following:
1. Press the tabs back and left to remove the
cover.
2. Insert a tool behind the push pin located on
the inboard side of the air filter compartment
to carefully pry the pin out.
3. To remove the air filter, insert a tool between
the air filter and the compartment wall on the
outboard side of the vehicle. Then, push in to
flatten the pin holding the air filter in place.
Gently remove the air filter and any loose
debris that may be inside the air filter
compartment.
4. Insert the new air filter by pushing until you
hear a click. Reinstall the push pin and snap
the cover into place.
193
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages
that may be on your vehicle. The pictures will
help you locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something
is wrong before it becomes serious enough to
cause an expensive repair or replacement. Paying
attention to your warning lights and gages could
also save you or others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they are working. If you
are familiar with this section, you should not be
alarmed when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions.
Often gages and warning lights work together to
let you know when there is a problem with
your vehicle.
194
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays
on when you are driving, or when one of the gages
shows there may be a problem, check the section
that tells you what to do about it. Please follow this
manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairs can be
costly — and even dangerous. So please get to
know your warning lights and gages. They are a
big help.
Your vehicle has a DIC that works along with the
warning lights and gages. See Driver Information
Center (DIC) on page 212.
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let
you know at a glance how your vehicle is running.
You will know how fast you are going, how
much fuel you have, and many other things you
will need to drive safely and economically.
Your vehicle has this cluster or one very similar to it. It includes indicator warning lights and gages that
are explained on the following pages. Be sure to read about them.
United States shown, Canada similar
195
Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour
(km/h). Your odometer shows how far your vehicle
has been driven, in either miles or kilometers.
The tachometer tells you how fast the engine is
running. It displays engine speed in thousands of
revolutions per minute (rpm).
Your vehicle has a tamper resistant odometer.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle
needs a new odometer installed. If the new one
can be set to the mileage total of the old odometer,
then it must be. But if it cannot, then it is set at
zero and a label must be put on the driver’s door to
show the old mileage reading when the new
odometer was installed.
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime
will be provided for several seconds to remind
people to buckle their safety belts. The driver
safety belt light will also be provided and stay on
for several seconds, then it will flash for several
more. You should buckle your seat belt.
Trip Odometer
A trip odometer can tell you how far you have
driven since you last set it to zero. See Driver
Information Center (DIC) on page 212 for
information on resetting the trip odometer.
This chime and light will
be repeated if the driver
remains unbuckled and
the vehicle is in motion.
If the driver’s belt is buckled, neither the chime nor
the light will be provided.
196
Passenger Safety Belt
Reminder Light
Several seconds after the key is turned to RUN or
START, a chime will sound for several seconds to
remind the front passenger to buckle their safety
belt. This would only occur if the passenger airbag
is enabled. See Passenger Sensing System on
page 81 for more information. The passenger
safety belt light will also come on and stay on for
several seconds, then it will flash for several more.
This chime and light
will be repeated if the
passenger remains
unbuckled and the
vehicle is in motion.
Airbag Readiness Light
There is an airbag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the airbag symbol. The system
checks the airbag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an
electrical problem. The system check includes the
airbag sensors, the airbag modules, the wiring and
the diagnostic module. For more information on the
airbag system, see Airbag System on page 70.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash
for a few seconds. Then
the light should go out.
This means the system
is ready.
If the passenger’s safety belt is buckled, neither
the chime nor the light will come on.
197
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you
start the vehicle or comes on when you are driving,
your airbag system may not work properly.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator
Your vehicle has the passenger sensing system.
Your overhead console has a passenger airbag
status indicator.
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light stays on after
you start your vehicle, it means the airbag
system may not be working properly. The
airbags in your vehicle may not inflate in
a crash, or they could even inflate without
a crash. To help avoid injury to yourself
or others, have your vehicle serviced right
away if the airbag readiness light stays on
after you start your vehicle.
The airbag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN.
If the light does not come on then, have it fixed so
it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
If there is a problem with the airbag system in your
vehicle, the Service airbag message will appear
on the DIC display. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 221 for more information.
198
United States
Canada
When the ignition key is turned to RUN or START,
the passenger airbag status indicator will light ON
and OFF, or the symbol for on and off, for several
seconds as a system check. Then, after several
more seconds, the status indicator will light either
ON or OFF, or either the on or off symbol to let you
know the status of the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag and seat-mounted side impact airbag.
If the word ON or the on symbol is lit on the
passenger airbag status indicator, it means that
the right front passenger’s frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag are enabled
(may inflate).
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If the on indicator comes on when you have
a rear-facing child restraint installed in the
right front passenger’s seat, it means that
the passenger sensing system has not
turned off the passenger’s frontal airbag
and seat-mounted side impact airbag.
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag. Do not use a rear-facing
child restraint in the right front passenger’s
seat if the airbag is turned on.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag if the
system detects a rear-facing child restraint,
no system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend that
rear-facing child restraints be secured in
the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
If the word OFF or the off symbol is lit on the
airbag status indicator, it means that the passenger
sensing system has turned off the right front
passenger’s frontal airbag and seat-mounted side
impact airbag. See Passenger Sensing System on
page 81 for more on this, including important safety
information.
199
If, after several seconds, all status indicator lights
remain on, or if there are no lights at all, there
may be a problem with the lights or the passenger
sensing system. See your dealer for service.
{CAUTION:
If the off indicator and the airbag readiness
light ever come on together, it means that
something may be wrong with the airbag
system. If this ever happens, have the
vehicle serviced promptly, because an
adult-size person sitting in the right front
passenger seat may not have the
protection of the airbags. See Airbag
Readiness Light on page 197.
200
Charging System Light
When you turn the key to
RUN or START, this light
will come on briefly to
show that it is working.
If this light stays on, your vehicle needs service.
You should take your vehicle to the dealer at once.
To save your battery until you get there, turn off
all accessories.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided
into two parts. If one part is not working, the other
part can still work and stop you. For good braking,
though, you need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected
right away.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning
light will also come on when you set your parking
brake. The light will stay on if your parking brake
does not release fully. If it stays on after your
parking brake is fully released, it means you
have a brake problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off
the road and stop carefully. You may notice that the
pedal is harder to push, or the pedal may go closer
to the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is
still on, have the vehicle towed for service. See
Towing Your Vehicle on page 313.
{CAUTION:
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it does not come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light
is on. Driving with the brake system
warning light on can lead to an accident.
If the light is still on after you have pulled
off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
201
Anti-Lock Brake System
Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, the light(s) will
come on when your
engine is started and
may stay on for
several seconds.
That’s normal.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if
the light comes on when you’re driving, stop as
soon as possible and turn the ignition off. Then start
the engine again to reset the system. If the light still
stays on, or comes on again while you’re driving,
your vehicle needs service. If the regular brake
system warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes,
but you don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the regular
brake system warning light is also on, you don’t
have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with
your regular brakes. See Brake System Warning
Light on page 201.
The anti-lock brake system warning light will come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN.
202
This is normal. If the light doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there
is a problem.
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light
This warning light
should come on briefly
when the engine is
started.
If the warning light does not come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a
problem. If it stays on, or comes on when you are
driving a SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL
message will appear in the Driver Information
Center (DIC). This indicates that there may be a
problem with your traction control system and your
vehicle may need service. When this warning light
is on and the SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL
message appears on the DIC, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
If the traction control system is manually turned
off, this light will come on and the TRACTION
CONTROL OFF message will appear on the DIC.
When the system is active, the light will flash
while the system is limiting wheel spin or assisting
you in controlling the vehicle. You may also feel
or hear the system working. This is normal.
If the warning light does not come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a
problem. This light may come on after you first start
to drive and the STABILITRAK NOT READY
message will appear in the Driver Information
Center (DIC). See StabiliTrak® System on
page 284 for more information.
See Traction Control System (TCS) on page 283
and DIC Warnings and Messages on page 221
for more information.
If the light stays on, or comes on when you are
driving a SERVICE STABILITRAK message
will appear in the DIC. This indicates that there
may be a problem with the StabiliTrak® system
and your vehicle may need service. When
this warning light is on and the SERVICE
STABILITRAK message appears on the DIC,
the system will not assist you in controlling
the vehicle. Adjust your driving accordingly.
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light
This warning light
should come on
briefly when the
engine is started.
When the system is active, the light will flash
while the system is assisting you in controlling the
vehicle. You may also feel or hear the system
working. This is normal.
See StabiliTrak® System on page 284 and DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 221 for
more information.
203
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
The engine coolant
temperature warning
light will come on
when the engine
has overheated.
If this happens you should pull over and turn off
the engine as soon as possible. See Engine
Overheating on page 351 for more information.
Notice: Driving with the engine coolant
temperature warning light on could cause your
vehicle to overheat. See Engine Overheating
on page 351. Your vehicle could be damaged,
and it might not be covered by your warranty.
Never drive with the engine coolant
temperature warning light on.
This light will also come on briefly when starting
your vehicle. If it does not, have your vehicle
serviced.
204
United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature. If
the pointer moves towards the H (United States) or
shaded in thermostat symbol area (Canada), the
engine is too hot.
A temperature indicator light will turn on and a
chime will sound.
If you have been operating your vehicle under
normal driving conditions, and the temperature
indicator light comes on, you should pull off
the road, stop your vehicle and turn off the
engine as soon as possible.
Tire Pressure Light
This light comes on
briefly when you turn
the ignition to RUN.
If your vehicle has a Driver Information Center
(DIC), a CHECK TIRE PRESSURE message will
accompany the light. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 221 for more information.
Stop and check your tires as soon as it is safe to do
so. If underinflated, inflate to the proper pressure.
See Tires on page 385 for more information.
This light will flash for about 60 seconds and then
stay on if a problem is detected with the Tire
Pressure Monitor system.
See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 393
for more information.
It will also come on when one or more of your
tires are significantly underinflated.
205
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
Your vehicle has a
computer which
monitors operation
of the fuel, ignition,
and emission control
systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The check engine light comes on to
indicate that there is a problem and service is
required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by
the system before any problem is apparent. This
may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle.
This system is also designed to assist your service
technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
206
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with
this light on, after awhile, your emission
controls may not work as well, your fuel
economy may not be as good, and your engine
may not run as smoothly. This could lead to
costly repairs that may not be covered by your
warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transaxle, exhaust, intake, or fuel system of
your vehicle or the replacement of the original
tires with other than those of the same Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) can affect your
vehicle’s emission controls and may cause
this light to come on. Modifications to these
systems could lead to costly repairs not
covered by your warranty. This may also
result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test. See Accessories
and Modifications on page 325.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it
is working, when the ignition is on and the engine is
not running. If the light does not come on, have it
repaired. This light will also come on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
and may damage the emission control system
on your vehicle. Diagnosis
and service may be required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control
system malfunction has been detected on
your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be
required.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage
to your vehicle:
• Reducing vehicle speed
• Avoiding hard accelerations
• Avoiding steep uphill grades
• If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do
so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park
your vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least
10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light
remains on steady, see “If the Light Is On Steady”
following. If the light is still flashing, follow the
previous steps, and see your dealer for service
as soon as possible.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully
install the cap. See Filling the Tank on page 330.
The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap
has been left off or improperly installed. A loose or
missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap
properly installed should turn the light off.
207
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of
water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The
condition will usually be corrected when the
electrical system dries out. A few driving trips
should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See Gasoline Octane on page 327. Poor fuel
quality will cause your engine not to run as
efficiently as designed. You may notice this as
stalling after start-up, stalling when you put
the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed
up.) This will be detected by the system and cause
the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at
least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the
light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn
off, your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer
has the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools
to fix any mechanical or electrical problems that
may have developed.
208
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know in order
to help your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
check engine light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that
critical emission control systems have not been
completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle
would be considered not ready for inspection. This
can happen if you have recently replaced your
battery or if your battery has run down. The
diagnostic system is designed to evaluate critical
emission control systems during normal driving.
This may take several days of routine driving. If you
have done this and your vehicle still does not pass
the inspection for lack of OBD system readiness,
your dealer can prepare the vehicle for inspection.
Oil Pressure Light
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is
low. If you do, your engine can become so
hot that it catches fire. You or others could
be burned. Check your oil as soon as
possible and have your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
This light tells you if
there could be a
problem with your
engine oil pressure.
The light goes on when you turn your key to RUN or
START. It goes off once you start your engine. That
is a check to be sure the light works. If it does not
come on, be sure to have it fixed so it will be there
to warn you if something goes wrong.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means
that oil is not flowing through your engine properly.
You could be low on oil and you might have
some other system problem.
209
Security Light
Cruise Control Light
For information
regarding this
light, see
PASS-Key® III+
Operation on page 112.
The light goes out when the cruise control is
turned off. See Cruise Control on page 167 for
more information.
Fog Lamp Light
The fog lamp light will
come on when the fog
lamps are in use.
The light will go out when the fog lamps are
turned off. See Fog Lamps on page 173 for
more information.
210
This light comes on
whenever you set the
cruise control.
Highbeam On Light
This light comes on
when the high-beam
headlamps are in use.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on
page 163.
Fuel Gage
United States
Canada
The fuel gage shows about how much fuel is in your
tank. It works only when the ignition is on. When the
indicator moves to the edge of the low fuel warning
band, the low fuel warning light will come on and a
chime will sound. You still have a little fuel left, but
you need to get more fuel right away.
Here are some things that some owners ask
about. None of these show a problem with your
fuel gage:
• At the service station, the gas pump shuts off
before the gage reads full.
• It takes more (or less) fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may
have indicated half full, but it took more
(or less) than half the tank’s capacity to fill it.
• The gage moves up a little when you turn a
corner, speed up or make a hard stop.
• The gage does not go back to empty when
you turn off the ignition.
211
Driver Information Center (DIC)
Your vehicle has a Driver Information Center (DIC).
All messages will appear in the DIC display
located below the speedometer in the instrument
panel cluster. The DIC buttons are located on
the instrument panel, to the left of the instrument
panel cluster.
The DIC comes on when the ignition is on. After a
short delay, the DIC will display the information
that was last displayed before the engine was
turned off.
The DIC displays trip, fuel, and vehicle system
information, and warning messages if a system
problem is detected. The bottom line of the
DIC shows the shift lever position indicator.
See Automatic Transaxle Operation on page 119
for more information.
212
If your vehicle’s DIC has these features, the
compass direction and the outside air temperature
may also display on the DIC when viewing the
trip and fuel information. The compass direction
appears on the top right corner of the DIC display.
The outside air temperature automatically
appears in the bottom right corner of the DIC
display. If there is a problem with the system that
controls the temperature display, the numbers
will be replaced with dashes. If this occurs, have
the vehicle serviced by your dealer.
The DIC also allows some features to be
customized. See DIC Vehicle Customization on
page 231 for more information.
DIC Controls and Displays
The DIC has different displays which can be
accessed by pressing the DIC buttons located on
the instrument panel, to the left of the instrument
panel cluster.
DIC Buttons
U (Customization): Press this button to
The buttons are the trip/fuel, vehicle information,
customization, and set/reset buttons. The button
functions are detailed in the following pages.
customize the feature settings on your vehicle.
See DIC Vehicle Customization on page 231
for more information.
V (Set/Reset): Press this button to set or reset
certain functions and to turn off or acknowledge
messages on the DIC.
Trip/Fuel Menu Items
3 (Trip/Fuel): Press this button to scroll
through the following menu items:
3 (Trip/Fuel): Press this button to display the
odometer, trip odometers, fuel range, average
economy, instantaneous economy, and average
speed.
T (Vehicle Information): Press this button
to display the oil life, park assist on vehicles with
this feature, units, tire pressure readings and Tire
Pressure Monitor (TPM) system programming,
compass zone and compass calibration on vehicles
with this feature, and Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter programming.
Odometer
Press the trip/fuel button until ODOMETER
displays. This display shows the distance the
vehicle has been driven in either miles (mi)
or kilometers (km).
Trip A and Trip B
Press the trip/fuel button until TRIP A or TRIP B
displays. This display shows the current distance
traveled in either miles (mi) or kilometers (km)
since the last reset for each trip odometer. Both
trip odometers can be used at the same time.
213
Each trip odometer can be reset to zero separately
by pressing the set/reset button while the desired
trip odometer is displayed.
The trip odometer has a feature called the
retro-active reset. This can be used to set the trip
odometer to the number of miles (kilometers) driven
since the ignition was last turned on. This can be
used if the trip odometer is not reset at the
beginning of the trip.
To use the retro-active reset feature, press and hold
the set/reset button for at least four seconds. The
trip odometer will display the number of miles (mi)
or kilometers (km) driven since the ignition was last
turned on and the vehicle was moving. Once the
vehicle begins moving, the trip odometer will
accumulate mileage. For example, if the vehicle
was driven 5 miles (8 km) before it is started again,
and then the retro-active reset feature is activated,
the display will show 5 miles (8 km). As the vehicle
begins moving, the display will then increase to
5.1 miles (8.2 km), 5.2 miles (8.4 km), etc.
If the retro-active reset feature is activated after the
vehicle is started, but before it begins moving, the
display will show the number of miles (mi) or
kilometers (km) that were driven during the last
ignition cycle.
214
Fuel Range
Press the trip/fuel button until FUEL RANGE
displays. This display shows the approximate
number of remaining miles (mi) or kilometers (km)
the vehicle can be driven without refueling.
The fuel range estimate is based on an average of
the vehicle’s fuel economy over recent driving
history and the amount of fuel remaining in the fuel
tank. This estimate will change if driving conditions
change. For example, if driving in traffic and making
frequent stops, this display may read one number,
but if the vehicle is driven on a freeway, the number
may change even though the same amount of fuel
is in the fuel tank. This is because different driving
conditions produce different fuel economies.
Generally, freeway driving produces better fuel
economy than city driving.
If your vehicle is low on fuel, the FUEL LEVEL
LOW message will be displayed. See “FUEL
LEVEL LOW” under DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 221 for more information.
Average Economy
Average Speed
Press the trip/fuel button until AVG ECONOMY
displays. This display shows the approximate
average miles per gallon (mpg) or liters per
100 kilometers (L/100 km). This number is
calculated based on the number of mpg (L/100 km)
recorded since the last time this menu item was
reset. To reset AVG ECONOMY, press and hold
the set/reset button. The display will return to zero.
Press the trip/fuel button until AVERAGE SPEED
displays. This display shows the average speed of
the vehicle in miles per hour (mph) or kilometers per
hour (km/h). This average is calculated based on
the various vehicle speeds recorded since the last
reset of this value. To reset the value, press and
hold the set/reset button. The display will return
to zero.
Instantaneous Economy
Blank Display
Press the trip/fuel button until INST ECONOMY
displays. This display shows the current fuel
economy at a particular moment and will change
frequently as driving conditions change. This
display shows the instantaneous fuel economy in
miles per gallon (mpg) or liters per 100 kilometers
(L/100 km). Unlike average economy, this screen
cannot be reset.
This display shows no information.
215
Vehicle Information Menu Items
T (Vehicle Information): Press this button to
scroll through the following menu items:
Oil Life
Press the vehicle information button until OIL LIFE
REMAINING displays. This display shows an
estimate of the oil’s remaining useful life. If you
see 99% OIL LIFE REMAINING on the display,
that means 99% of the current oil life remains.
The engine oil life system will alert you to change
the oil on a schedule consistent with your driving
conditions.
When the remaining oil life is low, the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL SOON message will appear on the
display. See “CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON” under
DIC Warnings and Messages on page 221. You
should change the oil as soon as possible. See
Engine Oil on page 337. In addition to the engine
oil life system monitoring the oil life, additional
maintenance is recommended in the Maintenance
Schedule in this manual. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 442 for more information.
216
Remember, you must reset the OIL LIFE yourself
after each oil change. It will not reset itself. Also, be
careful not to reset the OIL LIFE accidentally at any
time other than when the oil has just been changed.
It cannot be reset accurately until the next oil
change. To reset the engine oil life system,
see Engine Oil Life System on page 340.
Park Assist
If your vehicle has the Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) system, this display allows the
system to be turned on or off. Once in this display,
press the set/reset button to select between ON or
OFF. If you choose ON, the system will be turned
on. If you choose OFF, the system will be turned
off. The URPA system automatically turns back
on after each vehicle start. When the URPA system
is turned off and the vehicle is shifted out of
PARK (P), the DIC will display the PARK ASSIST
OFF message as a reminder that the system has
been turned off. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 221 and Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist
(URPA) on page 178 for more information.
Units
Learn Tire Positions
Press the vehicle information button until UNITS
displays. This display allows you to select between
English or Metric units of measurement. Once in
this display, press the set/reset button to select
between ENGLISH or METRIC units.
To access this display, the vehicle must be in
PARK (P). After rotating the tires or after replacing
a tire or sensor, the Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system must re-learn the tire positions. To re-learn
the tire positions, see Tire Pressure Monitor System
on page 393. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 398 and DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 221 for more information.
Tire Pressure
The pressure for each tire can be viewed in the
DIC. The tire pressure will be shown in either
pounds per square inch (psi) or kilopascals (kPa).
Press the vehicle information button until the
DIC displays FRONT TIRES PSI (kPa) LEFT ##
RIGHT ##. Press the vehicle information button
again until the DIC displays REAR TIRES
PSI (kPa) LEFT ## RIGHT ##.
If a low or high tire pressure condition is detected by
the system while driving, a message advising you
to check the pressure in a specific tire will appear
in the display. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 392 and DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 221 for more information.
Compass Zone
Your vehicle may have this feature. Under
certain circumstances, such as during a long
distance cross-country trip, it will be necessary to
compensate for compass variance and reset the
zone. To change the compass zone through the
DIC, see DIC Compass on page 218.
Compass Calibration
The compass can be manually calibrated. To
calibrate the compass through the DIC, see DIC
Compass on page 218.
If the tire pressure display shows dashes instead of
a value, there may be a problem with your vehicle.
If this consistently occurs, see your dealer for
service.
217
Remote Key
Blank Display
To access this display, the vehicle must be in
PARK (P). This display allows you to match the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter to your
vehicle. To match an RKE transmitter to your
vehicle, do the following:
1. Press the vehicle information button until
PRESS V TO RELEARN REMOTE KEY
displays.
2. Press the set/reset button.
The message REMOTE KEY LEARNING
ACTIVE will display.
3. Press and hold the lock and unlock buttons
on the first transmitter at the same time for
about 15 seconds.
A chime will sound indicating that the
transmitter is matched.
4. To match additional transmitters at this time,
repeat Step 3.
Each vehicle can have a maximum of
eight transmitters matched to it.
5. To exit the programming mode, you must
cycle the key to OFF.
This display shows no information.
218
Customization Menu Items
U (Customization): Press this button to enter
the feature settings menu. This display allows
you to customize the feature settings on your
vehicle. See DIC Vehicle Customization on
page 231 for more information.
DIC Compass
Your vehicle may have a compass in the Driver
Information Center (DIC). The information below
explains how to operate this feature in the DIC.
If your vehicle has a compass in the mirror, see
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with Compass
on page 132.
Compass Zone
Under certain circumstances, such as during a
long distance cross-country trip, it will be
necessary to compensate for compass variance
and reset the zone through the DIC.
Compass variance is the difference between the
earth’s magnetic north and true geographic
north. If not adjusted to account for compass
variance, the compass in the vehicle could give
false readings.
To adjust for compass variance, use the following
procedure:
Compass Variance Procedure
1. Press the vehicle information button until
PRESS V TO CHANGE COMPASS ZONE
displays.
In order to do this, the compass must be set or
calibrated to the variance zone in which the vehicle
is traveling.
2. Find the vehicle’s current location and
variance zone number on the map.
Zones 1 through 15 are available.
219
3. Press the set/reset button to scroll through
and select the appropriate variance zone.
Navigate to one of the trip/fuel menu screens
to view the direction the vehicle is moving.
This will be shown in the top right corner of the
DIC display.
4. If you need to calibrate the compass, use
the compass calibration procedure. See
“Compass Calibration Procedure” following.
Compass Calibration
The compass can be manually calibrated. Only
calibrate the compass in a safe location where
driving the vehicle in circles is not a problem. If
“CAL” should ever appear in the DIC display, the
compass may need calibration.
220
To calibrate the compass, use the following
procedure:
Compass Calibration Procedure
1. Before calibrating the compass, make sure
the compass zone is set to the variance
zone in which the vehicle is traveling. See
“Compass Variance Procedure” earlier in this
section.
2. Press the vehicle information button until the
PRESS V TO CALIBRATE COMPASS
screen is displayed.
3. Press the set/reset button to start the compass
calibration.
4. The DIC will display CALIBRATING: DRIVE
IN CIRCLES. Drive the vehicle in circles at
less than 5 mph (8 km/h) to complete the
calibration. The DIC will display CALIBRATION
COMPLETE when the calibration is complete.
DIC Warnings and Messages
AUTOMATIC LIGHT CONTROL OFF
Messages are displayed on the DIC to notify the
driver that the status of the vehicle has changed
and that some action may be needed by the driver
to correct the condition. Multiple messages may
appear one after another. Some messages may not
require immediate action, but you can press the
set/reset button to acknowledge that you received
the message and clear it from the DIC display.
Pressing any of the DIC buttons also acknowledges
and clears any messages. Some messages cannot
be cleared from the DIC display because they are
more urgent. These messages require action
before they can be cleared. You should take any
messages that appear on the display seriously and
remember that clearing the messages will only
make the messages disappear, not correct the
problem. The following are the possible messages
that can be displayed and some information
about them.
This message displays when the automatic
headlamps are turned off. See Exterior Lamps
on page 170 for more information.
AUTOMATIC LIGHT CONTROL ON
This message displays when the automatic
headlamps are turned on. See Exterior Lamps
on page 170 for more information.
BATTERY SAVER ACTIVE
This message displays when the system detects
that the battery voltage is dropping beyond a
reasonable level. The battery saver system starts
reducing certain features of the vehicle that you
may be able to notice. At the point that the features
are disabled, this message is displayed. It means
that the vehicle is trying to save the charge in the
battery.
Turn off all unnecessary accessories to allow the
battery to recharge.
The normal battery voltage range is
11.5 to 15.5 volts.
221
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
This message displays when service is required for
the vehicle. See your dealer. See Engine Oil on
page 337 and Scheduled Maintenance on
page 442 for more information.
Acknowledging the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
message will not reset the OIL LIFE REMAINING.
That must be done at the OIL LIFE screen
under the vehicle information menu. See “Oil Life”
under DIC Controls and Displays on page 212
and Engine Oil Life System on page 340.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
This message displays when the tire pressure in
one of the tires needs to be checked. This message
also displays LEFT FRONT, RIGHT FRONT, LEFT
REAR, or RIGHT REAR to indicate which tire needs
to be checked. You can receive more than one tire
pressure message at a time. To read the other
messages that may have been sent at the same
time, press the set/reset button. If a tire pressure
message appears on the DIC, stop as soon as you
can. Have the tire pressures checked and set to
those shown on the Tire Loading Information Label.
222
See Tires on page 385, Loading Your Vehicle
on page 307, and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 392. The DIC display also shows the tire
pressure values for the front and rear tires by
pressing the vehicle information button. See DIC
Controls and Displays on page 212. If the tire
pressure is low, the low tire pressure warning light
comes on. See Tire Pressure Light on page 205.
DRIVER DOOR OPEN
This message displays when the driver’s door is
not closed properly. When this message appears,
make sure that the driver’s door is closed
completely.
ENGINE HOT A/C
(Air Conditioning) OFF
This message displays when the engine coolant
becomes hotter than the normal operating
temperature. To avoid added strain on a hot engine,
the air conditioning compressor is automatically
turned off. When the coolant temperature returns to
normal, the A/C operation automatically resumes.
You can continue to drive your vehicle. If this
message continues to appear, have the system
repaired by your dealer as soon as possible to
avoid compressor damage.
ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE ENGINE
ENGINE POWER IS REDUCED
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
engine is overheating, severe engine damage
may occur. If an overheat warning appears
on the instrument panel cluster and/or
DIC, stop the vehicle as soon as possible.
Do not increase the engine speed above
normal idling speed. See Engine Overheating
on page 351 for more information.
This message displays when the vehicle’s engine
power is reduced. Reduced engine power can
affect the vehicle’s ability to accelerate. If this
message is on, but there is no reduction in
performance, proceed to your destination. The
performance may be reduced the next time the
vehicle is driven. The vehicle may be driven at a
reduced speed while this message is on, but
acceleration and speed may be reduced. Anytime
this message stays on, the vehicle should be taken
to your dealer for service as soon as possible.
This message displays when the engine coolant
temperature is too hot. Stop and allow the vehicle
to idle until it cools down.
ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
engine is overheating, severe engine damage
may occur. If an overheat warning appears on
the instrument panel cluster and/or DIC, stop
the vehicle as soon as possible. See Engine
Overheating on page 351 for more information.
This message displays along with a continuous
chime when the engine has overheated. Stop and
turn the engine off immediately to avoid severe
engine damage. See Engine Overheating on
page 351.
ERROR
This message displays while viewing the odometer
or trip odometers if there is a problem with the
instrument panel cluster. See your dealer for
service.
FUEL LEVEL LOW
This message displays when your vehicle is low
on fuel. Refill the fuel tank as soon as possible.
See Fuel Gage on page 211 and Filling the Tank
on page 330 for more information.
223
HEATED WASH (Washer) FLUID
SYSTEM OFF
This message displays when you manually turn off
the heated windshield washer fluid system or when
the system automatically turns off. See “Heated
Washer Fluid” under Windshield Washer on
page 166 for more information.
HEATING WASH (Washer) FLUID
WASH (Washer) WIPES PENDING
This message displays when you turn on the
heated windshield washer fluid system. See
“Heated Washer Fluid” under Windshield Washer
on page 166 for more information.
HOOD OPEN
If your vehicle has the remote start feature, this
message displays when the hood is not closed
properly. When this message appears, make sure
that the hood is closed completely. See Hood
Release on page 333.
224
ICE POSSIBLE DRIVE WITH CARE
This message displays when the outside air
temperature is cold enough to create icy road
conditions. Adjust your driving accordingly.
LEFT REAR DOOR OPEN
This message displays when the driver’s side rear
door is not closed properly. When this message
appears, make sure that the passenger’s door
is closed completely.
OIL LEVEL LOW ADD OIL
On some vehicles, this message displays when
the vehicle’s engine oil is low. Fill the oil to the
proper level as soon as possible. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 334 for the engine
oil fill location. Also, see Engine Oil on page 337 for
information on the kind of oil to use and the proper
oil level.
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE
PARK ASSIST OFF
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
engine oil pressure is low, severe engine
damage may occur. If a low oil pressure
warning appears on the instrument panel
cluster and/or DIC, stop the vehicle as soon
as possible. Do not drive the vehicle until the
cause of the low oil pressure is corrected. See
Engine Oil on page 337 for more information.
If your vehicle has this feature, after the vehicle has
been started, this message will reminder the driver
that the Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA)
system has been turned off. Press the set/reset
button to acknowledge this message and clear it
from the DIC display. To turn the URPA system
back on, see “Park Assist” under DIC Controls and
Displays on page 212. See Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) on page 178 for more information.
This message displays when the vehicle’s engine
oil pressure is low. The oil pressure light also
appears on the instrument panel cluster.
See Oil Pressure Light on page 209.
Stop the vehicle immediately, as engine damage
can result from driving a vehicle with low oil
pressure. Have the vehicle serviced by your
dealer as soon as possible when this message
is displayed.
PASSENGER DOOR OPEN
This message displays when the front passenger’s
door is not closed properly. When this message
appears, make sure that the front passenger’s
door is closed completely.
RAINSENSE WIPERS ACTIVE
If your vehicle has this feature, this message
displays while the Rainsense™ system is active.
See Rainsense™ II Wipers on page 165 for
more information.
225
REMOTE KEY LEARNING ACTIVE
This message displays while you are matching
a Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter to your
vehicle. See “Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle” under Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 95 and DIC Controls
and Displays on page 212 for more information.
REPLACE BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY
SERVICE A/C (Air Conditioning)
SYSTEM
This message displays when the electronic
sensors that control the air conditioning and
heating systems are no longer working. Have the
climate control system serviced by your dealer
if you notice a drop in heating and air conditioning
efficiency.
This message displays when the battery in the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter needs to
be replaced. To replace the battery, see “Battery
Replacement” under Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 95.
SERVICE AIR BAG
RIGHT REAR DOOR OPEN
SERVICE BATTERY CHARGING
SYSTEM
This message displays when the passenger’s
side rear door is not closed properly. When this
message appears, make sure that the passenger’s
door is closed completely.
226
This message displays when there is a problem
with the airbag system. Have your vehicle serviced
by your dealer immediately. See Airbag Readiness
Light on page 197 for more information.
This message displays when there is a problem
with the generator and battery charging systems.
Driving with this problem could drain the battery.
Turn off all unnecessary accessories. Stop
and turn off the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do
so. Have the electrical system checked by your
dealer immediately.
SERVICE BRAKE ASSIST
SERVICE PARK ASSIST
This message displays if there is a problem with the
brake system. The brake system warning light and
the anti-lock brake system warning light may also
be displayed on the instrument panel cluster. See
Brake System Warning Light on page 201 and
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light on page 202
for more information. If this happens, stop as soon
as possible and turn off the vehicle. Restart the
vehicle and check for the message on the DIC
display. If the message is displayed or appears
again when you begin driving, the brake system
needs service. See your dealer as soon as
possible. See Brakes on page 367 for more
information.
If your vehicle has this feature, this message
displays if there is a problem with the Ultrasonic
Rear Parking Assist (URPA) system. Do not
use this system to help you park. See Ultrasonic
Rear Parking Assist (URPA) on page 178 for more
information. See your dealer for service.
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
This message displays if the ignition is on to
inform the driver that the brake fluid level is low.
Have the brake system serviced by your dealer as
soon as possible. The brake system warning
light also appears on the instrument panel cluster
when this message appears on the DIC. See
Brake System Warning Light on page 201.
SERVICE POWER STEERING
Your vehicle may have a speed variable assist
steering system. See Steering on page 285.
This message displays if a problem is detected with
the speed variable assist steering system. When
this message is displayed, you may notice that the
effort required to steer the vehicle decreases or
feels lighter, but you will still be able to steer the
vehicle.
227
SERVICE STABILITRAK
®
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak , this message
displays if there has been a problem detected with
StabiliTrak®. A warning light also appears on
the instrument panel cluster. See Traction Control
System (TCS) Warning Light on page 202. See
StabiliTrak® System on page 284 for more
information.
If this message turns on while you are driving, pull
off the road as soon as possible and stop carefully.
Try resetting the system by turning the ignition off
and then back on. If this message still stays on or
turns back on again while you are driving, your
vehicle needs service. Have the StabiliTrak®
System inspected by your dealer as soon as
possible.
SERVICE SUSPENSION SYSTEM
This message displays to indicate that the
suspension system is not operating properly.
See your dealer for service.
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SERVICE THEFT SYSTEM
This message displays when there is a problem
with the theft-deterrent system programmed in the
key. A fault has been detected in the system which
means that the system is disabled and it is not
protecting the vehicle. The vehicle usually restarts;
however, you may want to take the vehicle to
your dealer before turning off the engine. See
PASS-Key® III+ on page 111 for more information.
SERVICE TIRE MONITOR SYSTEM
This message displays if a part on the Tire
Pressure Monitor (TPM) system is not working
properly. If you drive your vehicle while any of the
four sensors are missing or inoperable, the warning
comes on in about 20 minutes. A sensor would be
missing, for example, if you put different wheels on
your vehicle without transferring the sensors. If the
warning comes on and stays on, there may be a
problem with the TPM. See your dealer.
SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL
STABILITRAK NOT READY
This message displays when the Traction Control
System (TCS) is not functioning properly. A warning
light also appears on the instrument panel cluster.
See Traction Control System (TCS) Warning Light
on page 202. See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 283 for more information. Have the TCS
serviced by your dealer as soon as possible.
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak®, this message may
display and the Traction Control System and
StabiliTrak® Warning Light on the instrument panel
cluster may be on after first driving the vehicle
and exceeding 19 mph (30 km/h) for 30 seconds.
The StabiliTrak® system is not functional until
the light has turned off. See StabiliTrak® System
on page 284 for more information.
SERVICE TRANSMISSION
This message displays when there is a problem
with the transaxle. See your dealer for service.
SERVICE VEHICLE SOON
This message displays when a non-emissions
related malfunction occurs. Have the vehicle
serviced by your dealer as soon as possible.
SPEED LIMITED TO XXX MPH (km/h)
This message displays when your vehicle speed is
limited to 80 mph (128 km/h) because the vehicle
detects a problem in the speed variable assist
steering, magnetic ride control, or automatic
leveling control systems. Have your vehicle
serviced by your dealer.
STARTING DISABLED SERVICE
THROTTLE
This message displays if the starting of the engine
is disabled due to the electronic throttle control
system. Have your vehicle serviced by your dealer
immediately.
This message only appears while the ignition is in
RUN, and will not disappear until the problem
is resolved.
This message cannot be acknowledged.
229
THEFT ATTEMPTED
TRACTION CONTROL OFF
This message displays if the content theft-deterrent
system has detected a break-in attempt while
you were away from your vehicle. See Content
Theft-Deterrent on page 110 for more information.
This message displays when the Traction Control
System (TCS) is turned off. Adjust your driving
accordingly. See Traction Control System
(TCS) on page 283 for more information.
TIGHTEN GAS CAP
TRACTION CONTROL ON
This message may be displayed if the gas cap is
not on, or is not fully tightened. Check the gas
cap to ensure that it is on properly. See Filling the
Tank on page 330 for more information.
This message displays when the Traction Control
System (TCS) is turned on. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 283 for more information.
TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE
This message displays when the Tire Pressure
Monitor (TPM) system is re-learning the tire
positions. See Tire Pressure Monitor System on
page 393. The tire positions must be re-learned
after rotating the tires or after replacing a tire
or sensor. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 398 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 392
for more information.
230
TRANSMISSION HOT IDLE ENGINE
This message displays when the transaxle fluid in
your vehicle is too hot. Stop the vehicle and
allow it to idle until it cools down. If the warning
message continues to display, have the vehicle
serviced by your dealer as soon as possible.
TRUNK OPEN
This message displays when the trunk is not
closed completely. Make sure that the trunk is
closed completely. See Trunk on page 106.
TURN SIGNAL ON
DIC Vehicle Customization
This message displays as a reminder to turn off the
turn signal if you drive your vehicle for more than
about 0.75 mile (1.2 km) with a turn signal on. See
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 162.
Your vehicle has customization capabilities that
allow you to program certain features to one
preferred setting. Customization features can only
be programmed to one setting on the vehicle and
cannot be programmed to a preferred setting for
two different drivers.
This message displays and a chime sounds only
when the ignition is in RUN. The message will
not disappear until the turn signal is manually
turned off, or a turn is completed.
WASHER FLUID LOW ADD FLUID
This message displays when the windshield
washer fluid is low. Fill the windshield washer
reservoir as soon as possible. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 334 for the
location of the windshield washer reservoir. Also,
see Windshield Washer Fluid on page 365 for
more information.
All of the customization options may not be
available on your vehicle. Only the options
available will be displayed on your DIC.
The default settings for the customization features
were set when your vehicle left the factory, but
may have been changed from their default
state since then.
The customization preferences are automatically
recalled.
To change customization preferences, use the
following procedure.
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Entering the Feature Settings Menu
1. Turn the ignition on and place the vehicle in
PARK (P).
To avoid excessive drain on the battery,
it is recommended that the headlamps are
turned off.
2. Press the customization button to enter the
feature settings menu.
If the menu is not available, FEATURE
SETTINGS AVAILABLE IN PARK will display.
Before entering the menu, make sure the
vehicle is in PARK (P).
DISPLAY LANGUAGE
This feature allows you to select the language in
which the DIC messages will appear.
Press the customization button until the DISPLAY
LANGUAGE screen appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following choices:
ENGLISH (default): All messages will appear in
English.
Feature Settings Menu Items
FRANCAIS (French): All messages will appear in
French.
The following are customization features that allow
you to program settings to the vehicle:
ESPANOL (Spanish): All messages will appear
in Spanish.
DISPLAY IN ENGLISH
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
This feature will only display if a language other
than English has been set. This feature allows you
to change the language in which the DIC messages
appear to English.
Press the customization button until the PRESS V
TO DISPLAY IN ENGLISH screen appears on
the DIC display. Press the set/reset button
to display all DIC messages in English.
232
Select one of the available choices and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
AUTO DOOR LOCK
AUTO DOOR UNLOCK
This feature allows you to select when the
vehicle’s doors will automatically lock. See
Programmable Automatic Door Locks on page 104
for more information.
This feature allows you to select whether or not
the door(s) will automatically unlock. It also allows
you to select which doors and when they will
automatically unlock. See Programmable Automatic
Door Locks on page 104 for more information.
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following choices:
SHIFT OUT OF PARK (default): The vehicle’s
doors automatically lock when the doors are
closed and the vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P).
AT VEHICLE SPEED: The vehicle’s doors
automatically lock when the vehicle speed is
above 5 mph (8 km/h) for three seconds.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Select one of the available choices and press the
set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC to
select it.
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR
UNLOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following choices:
OFF: None of the doors will automatically unlock.
DRIVER AT KEY OUT: Only the driver’s door will
unlock when the key is taken out of the ignition.
DRIVER IN PARK: Only the driver’s door will
unlock when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
ALL AT KEY OUT: All of the doors will unlock
when the key is taken out of the ignition.
ALL IN PARK (default): All of the doors will
unlock when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
233
Select one of the available choices and press the
set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC to
select it.
LIGHTS ONLY: The exterior lamps will flash
when you press the lock button on the RKE
transmitter.
REMOTE DOOR LOCK
HORN ONLY: The horn will sound on the second
press of the lock button on the RKE transmitter.
This feature allows you to select the type of
feedback you will receive when locking the vehicle
with the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
You will not receive feedback when locking the
vehicle with the RKE transmitter if any of the
doors are open. See Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 95 for more information.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
DOOR LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following choices:
HORN & LIGHTS OFF: There will be no feedback
when you press the lock button on the RKE
transmitter.
234
HORN & LIGHTS ON (default): The exterior
lamps will flash when you press the lock button
on the RKE transmitter, and the horn will
sound when the lock button is pressed again
within five seconds of the previous command.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to
this feature. The current setting will remain.
Select one of the available choices and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
REMOTE DOOR UNLOCK
DELAY DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select the type of
feedback you will receive when unlocking the
vehicle with the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter. You will not receive feedback when
unlocking the vehicle with the RKE transmitter
if the doors are open. See Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System Operation on page 95 for more
information.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
DOOR UNLOCK appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following choices:
This feature allows you to select whether or not the
locking of the vehicle’s doors will be delayed. The
locking of the vehicle’s doors is delayed for up to
10 seconds after a power door lock switch is
pressed when a door is open, or after the lock
button on the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter is pressed while a door is open. The key
must be out of the ignition for this feature to work.
LIGHTS OFF: The exterior lamps will not flash
when you press the unlock button on the RKE
transmitter.
LIGHTS ON (default): The exterior lamps will
flash when you press the unlock button on
the RKE transmitter.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Select one of the available choices and press the
set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC to
select it.
Press the customization button until DELAY DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following choices:
OFF: There will be no delayed locking of the
vehicle’s doors.
ON (default): The locking of the vehicle’s doors
will be delayed by 10 seconds after a power door
lock switch is pressed when a door is open, or the
lock button on the RKE transmitter is pressed while
a door is open.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
235
Select one of the available choices and press the
set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
Select one of the available choices and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
EXIT LIGHTING
APPROACH LIGHTING
If it is dark enough outside, this feature allows you
to select the amount of time you want the exterior
lamps to remain on. This happens after the key is
turned from RUN to OFF.
This feature allows you to select whether or not to
have the exterior lights turn on briefly during low
light periods after unlocking the vehicle using the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
Press the customization button until EXIT
LIGHTING appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following choices:
Press the customization button until APPROACH
LIGHTING appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following choices:
OFF: The exterior lamps will not turn on.
OFF: The exterior lights will not turn on when you
unlock the vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
30 SECONDS (default): The exterior lamps will
stay on for 30 seconds.
1 MINUTE: The exterior lamps will stay on for
one minute.
2 MINUTES: The exterior lamps will stay on for
two minutes.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
236
ON (default): If it is dark enough outside, the
exterior lights will turn on briefly when you unlock
the vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
The lights will remain on for 20 seconds or until the
lock button on the RKE transmitter is pressed, or
the vehicle is no longer off. See Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) System Operation on page 95 for more
information.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Select one of the available choices and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
CHIME VOLUME
This feature allows you to select the volume level
of the chime.
Press the customization button until CHIME
VOLUME appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following choices:
NORMAL (default): The chime volume will be set
to a normal level.
LOUD: The chime volume will be set to a
loud level.
PARK TILT MIRRORS
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
select whether or not the outside mirror(s) will
automatically tilt down when the vehicle is shifted
into REVERSE (R). See Outside Curb View Assist
Mirror on page 134 for more information.
Press the customization button until PARK TILT
MIRRORS appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following choices:
OFF (default): Neither outside mirror will be tilted
down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
DRIVER MIRROR: The driver’s outside mirror will
be tilted down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
PASSENGER MIRROR: The passenger’s outside
mirror will be tilted down when the vehicle is
shifted into REVERSE (R).
Select one of the available choices and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
BOTH MIRRORS: The driver’s and passenger’s
outside mirrors will be tilted down when the vehicle
is shifted into REVERSE (R).
237
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
ON: The driver’s seat will move back when the
key is removed from the ignition.
Select one of the available choices and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
The automatic easy exit seat movement will only
occur one time after the key is removed from the
ignition. If the automatic movement has already
occurred, and you put the key back in the ignition
and remove it again, the seat will stay in the original
exit position, unless a memory recall took place
prior to removing the key again.
EASY EXIT SEAT
If the vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
select your preference for the easy exit seat
feature. See Memory Seat and Mirrors on page 13
for more information.
Press the customization button until EASY EXIT
SEAT appears in the display. Press the set/reset
button to access the settings for this feature.
Then press the customization button to scroll
through the following choices:
OFF (default): No seat exit recall will occur.
238
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Select one of the available choices and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
MEMORY SEAT RECALL
REMOTE START
If the vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
select your preference for the memory seat recall
feature. See Memory Seat and Mirrors on
page 13 for more information.
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to turn
the remote start off or on. The remote start feature
allows you to start the engine from outside of the
vehicle using your Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter. See “Remote Vehicle Start” under
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System Operation
on page 95 for more information.
Press the customization button until MEMORY
SEAT RECALL appears in the display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following choices:
OFF (default): No memory seat recall will occur.
ON: The driver’s seat will automatically move
to the stored driving position when the unlock
button on the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter is pressed.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Select one of the available choices and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
START appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following choices:
OFF: The remote start feature will be disabled.
ON (default): The remote start feature will
be enabled.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Select one of the available choices and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
239
FACTORY SETTINGS
EXIT FEATURE SETTINGS
This feature allows you to set all of the
customization features back to their factory
default settings.
This feature allows you to exit the FEATURE
SETTINGS menu.
Press the customization button until FACTORY
SETTINGS appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following choices:
RESTORE ALL (default): The customization
features will be set to their factory default settings.
DO NOT RESTORE: The customization features
will not be set to their factory default settings.
Select one of the available choices and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
240
Press the customization button until FEATURE
SETTINGS PRESS V TO EXIT appears in the DIC
display. Press the set/reset button to exit the menu.
If you do not exit, pressing the customization
button again will return you to the beginning of
the FEATURE SETTINGS menu.
Exiting the Feature Settings Menu
The feature settings menu will be exited when any
of the following occurs:
• The vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P).
• The vehicle is no longer in RUN.
• The trip/fuel or vehicle information DIC buttons
are pressed.
• The end of the feature settings menu is
reached and exited.
• A 40 second time period has elapsed with no
selection made.
Audio System(s)
Determine which radio your vehicle has and then
read the pages following to familiarize yourself
with its features.
Driving without distraction is a necessity for a safer
driving experience. See Defensive Driving on
page 276. By taking a few moments to read this
manual and get familiar with your vehicle’s audio
system, you can use it with less effort, as well as
take advantage of its features. While your vehicle
is parked, set up your audio system by presetting
your favorite radio stations, setting the tone and
adjusting the speakers. Then, when driving
conditions permit, you can tune to your favorite
stations using the presets and steering wheel
controls if the vehicle has them.
{CAUTION:
This system provides you with a far greater
access to audio stations and song listings.
Giving extended attention to entertainment
tasks while driving can cause a crash and
you or others can be injured or killed.
Always keep your eyes on the road and
your mind on the drive — avoid engaging
in extended searching while driving.
Keeping your mind on the drive is important for
safe driving. For more information, see Defensive
Driving on page 276.
Here are some ways in which you can help avoid
distraction while driving.
While your vehicle is parked:
• Familiarize yourself with all of its controls.
• Familiarize yourself with its operation.
241
• Set up your audio system by presetting your
favorite radio stations, setting the tone, and
adjusting the speakers. Then, when driving
conditions permit, you can tune to your favorite
radio stations using the presets and steering
wheel controls if the vehicle has them.
Notice: Before adding any sound equipment
to your vehicle, such as an audio system, CD
player, CB radio, mobile telephone, or two-way
radio, make sure that it can be added by
checking with your dealer. Also, check federal
rules covering mobile radio and telephone
units. If sound equipment can be added, it is
very important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, radio, or other systems,
and even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems
may interfere with the operation of sound
equipment that has been added.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained
Accessory Power (RAP). With RAP, the audio
system can be played even after the ignition
is turned off. See Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) on page 115 for more information.
242
Setting the Time
(Without Date Display)
If your vehicle has an AM/FM base radio with a
single CD player and preset buttons numbered one
through six, the radio will have a clock button for
setting the time. You can set the time by following
these steps:
1. Press the clock button until the hour numbers
begin flashing on the display. Press the clock
button a second time and the minute numbers
will begin flashing on the display.
2. While either the hour or the minute numbers
are flashing, turn the tune knob, located on
the upper right side of the radio, clockwise
or counterclockwise to increase or decrease
the time. Instead of using the tune knob,
you can also press the SEEK, FWD (forward),
or REV (reverse) buttons to adjust the time.
3. Press the clock button again until the clock
display stops flashing to set the currently
displayed time; otherwise, the flashing will
stop after five seconds and the current time
displayed will be automatically set.
To change the time default setting from 12 hour
to 24 hour, press the clock button and then the
pushbutton located under the forward arrow label.
Once the time 12H and 24H are displayed, press
the pushbutton located under the desired option to
select the default. Press the clock button again to
apply the selected default, or let the screen
time out.
Setting the Time (With Date Display)
If your vehicle has a radio with a single CD
player, the radio has a clock button for setting the
time and date.
To set the time and date, follow these instructions:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press the clock button and the HR, MIN, MM,
DD, YYYY (hour, minute, month, day, and
year) displays.
3. Press the pushbutton located under any one
of the labels that you want to change. Every
time the pushbutton is pressed again, the time
or the date if selected, increases by one.
• Another way to increase the time or date,
is to press the right SEEK arrow or FWD
(forward) button.
• To decrease, press the left SEEK arrow or
REV (reverse) button. You can also turn the
tune knob, located on the upper right side of
the radio, to adjust the selected setting.
The date does not automatically display. The only
way to see the date is by pressing the clock
button when the radio is on. The date with display
times out after a few seconds and goes back to
the normal radio and time display.
If your vehicle has a radio with a six-disc CD
player, the radio has a MENU button instead of
the clock button to set the time and date.
243
To set the time and date, follow these instructions:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press the MENU button. Once the clock
option is displayed.
3. Press the pushbutton located under that label.
The HR, MIN, MM, DD, YYYY displays.
4. Press the pushbutton located under any one
of the labels that you want to change. Every
time the pushbutton is pressed again, the time
or the date if selected, increases by one.
• Another way to increase the time or date,
is to press the right SEEK arrow or FWD
(forward) button.
• To decrease, press the left SEEK arrow or
REV (reverse) button. You can also turn the
tune knob, located on the upper right side of
the radio, to adjust the selected setting.
244
The date does not automatically display. The only
way to see the date is by pressing the MENU button
and then the clock button when the radio is on. The
date with display times out after a few seconds and
goes back to the normal radio and time display.
To change the time default setting from 12 hour
to 24 hour or to change the date default setting
from month/day/year to day/month/year, follow
these instructions:
1. Press the clock button and then the pushbutton
located under the forward arrow label. Once
the time 12H and 24H, and the date MM/DD/
YYYY (month, day, and year) and DD/MM/
YYYY (day, month, and year) displays.
2. Press the pushbutton located under the
desired option.
3. Press the clock or MENU button again to
apply the selected default, or let the screen
time out.
Radio with CD (Base)
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1,
FM2, or AM. The selection displays.
f (Tune): Turn this knob to select radio stations.
© SEEK ¨: Press the right or left SEEK
arrow to go to the next or to the previous station
and stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK
arrow for a few seconds until a beep sounds. The
radio goes to a station, plays for a few seconds,
then goes to the next station. Press either
SEEK arrow again to stop scanning.
Playing the Radio
The radio only seeks and scans stations with a
strong signal that are in the selected band.
O (Power/Volume): Press this knob to turn the
4 (Information): Press this button to switch the
display between the radio station frequency and the
time. While the ignition is off, press this button to
display the time.
system on and off.
Turn this knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
increase or decrease the volume.
The radio goes to the previous volume setting
whenever the radio is turned on. The volume can
still be adjusted by using the volume knob.
245
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM),
can be programmed on the six numbered
pushbuttons, by performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
BASS/TREB (Bass/Treble): To adjust the bass or
treble, press the tune knob or the pushbuttons
located under the BASS/TREB display, until the
desired tone control label displays. Turn the tune
knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or
decrease the setting. Adjust the setting by pressing
either the SEEK, FWD (forward), or REV (reverse)
buttons. The current bass or treble level displays.
If a station’s frequency is weak, or has static,
decrease the treble.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons for three seconds until a beep
sounds. When that pushbutton is pressed and
released, the station that was set, returns.
5. Repeat the Steps 2 through 4 for each
pushbutton.
246
EQ (Equalization): Press this button to select
preset equalization settings.
To return to the manual mode, press the EQ
button until Manual appears on the display or start
to manually adjust the bass or treble by pressing
the tune knob.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
Playing a CD (Single CD Player)
` BAL/FADE (Balance/Fade): To adjust the
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player pulls it in and the CD should begin
playing.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player, it stays in the player. When the ignition or
radio is turned on, the CD starts playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol displays.
As each new track starts to play, the track number
displays.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs
and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same
manner.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the
quality of the music that has been recorded, and the
way the CD-R has been handled. There can be an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks,
and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these
problems occur, check the bottom surface of the
CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as
cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play
properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care
of Your CDs on page 273 for more information.
balance or fade, press this button or the tune knob
until the desired speaker control label displays.
Turn the tune knob clockwise or counterclockwise
to adjust the setting. The setting can also be
adjusted by pressing either the SEEK, FWD,
or REV buttons.
Radio Messages
Calibration Error: The audio system has been
calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If
Calibration Error displays, it means that the radio
has not been configured properly for your vehicle
and it must be returned to your dealer for service.
Loc (Locked): This message displays while the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up the
radio. Take the vehicle to your dealer for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error
cannot be corrected, contact your dealer.
247
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
f (Tune): Turn this knob to select tracks on the
Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert
more than one CD into the slot at a time, or
attempt to play scratched or damaged CDs, you
could damage the CD player. When using the
CD player, use only CDs in good condition
without any label, load one CD at a time, and
keep the CD player and the loading slot free of
foreign materials, liquids, and debris.
© SEEK ¨: Press the left SEEK arrow to go
to the start of the current track, if more than ten
seconds have played. Press the right SEEK arrow
to go to the next track. If either SEEK arrow is held
or pressed multiple times, the player continues
moving backward or forward through the CD.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD
with a marking pen.
to reverse playback quickly within a track. You will
hear sound at a reduced volume. Release this
pushbutton to resume playing the track. The
elapsed time of the track displays.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
Z EJECT: Press the CD eject button to eject
the CD. If the CD is not removed, after several
seconds, the CD automatically pulls back into the
player.
248
CD currently playing.
s REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold this
pushbutton to advance playback quickly within a
track. You will hear sound at a reduced volume.
Release this pushbutton to resume playing
the track. The elapsed time of the track displays.
RDM (Random): With the random setting,
you can listen to CD tracks in random, rather
than sequential order. To use random, do the
following:
1. Press this button to play tracks from the CD
you are listening to in random order. The
random icon displays.
2. Press this button again to turn off random
play. The random icon disappears from the
display.
RPT (Repeat): With repeat, one track or an entire
CD can be repeated.
• To repeat the track you are listening to,
press and release the RPT button. An arrow
symbol displays. Press RPT again to turn off
repeat play.
• To repeat the CD you are listening to, press
and hold the RPT button for a few seconds.
An arrow symbol displays. Press RPT again to
turn off repeat play. When repeat is off, the
symbol no longer displays.
4 (Information): Press this button to switch the
display between the track number, elapsed time of
the track, and the time. When the ignition is off,
press this button to display the time.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
while a CD is playing. The CD remains inside the
radio for future listening.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to
play a CD while listening to the radio. The CD icon
and track number displays while a CD is in the
player. Press this button again and the system
automatically searches for an auxiliary input
device such as a portable audio player.
249
CD Messages
Using the Auxiliary Input Jack
CHECK DISC: If an error message displays
and/or the CD ejects, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or
upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
• There could have been a problem while burning
the CD-R.
• The label could be caught in the CD player.
Your radio system has an auxiliary input jack
located on the lower right side of the faceplate.
This is not an audio output; do not plug the
headphone set into the front auxiliary input jack.
You can however, connect an external audio
device such as an iPod, laptop computer, MP3
player, CD changer, or cassette tape player, etc. to
the auxiliary input jack for use as another source
for audio listening.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio
displays an error message, write it down and
provide it to your dealer while reporting the
problem.
250
Drivers are encouraged to set up any auxiliary
device while the vehicle is in PARK (P). See
Defensive Driving on page 276 for more
information on driver distraction.
To use a portable audio player, connect a 3.5 mm
(1/8 inch) cable to the radio’s front auxiliary input
jack. When a device is connected, press the radio
CD/AUX button to begin playing audio from the
device over the vehicle speakers.
O (Power/Volume): Turn this knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the
volume of the portable player. You might need to
make additional volume adjustments from the
portable device.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
while a portable audio device is playing. The
portable audio device continues playing, so you
might want to stop it or turn it off.
Radio with CD (MP3)
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to play
a CD while a portable audio device is playing.
Press this button again and the system begins
playing audio from the connected portable
audio player. If a portable audio player is not
connected, “No Input Device Found” displays.
Radio with CD (MP3) shown,
Radio with Six-Disc CD (MP3) similar
251
Radio Data System (RDS)
Playing the Radio
The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS).
The RDS feature is available for use only on FM
stations that broadcast RDS information. This
system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and only works when the
information is available. While the radio is tuned to
an FM-RDS station, the station name or call letters
display. In rare cases, a radio station can broadcast
incorrect information that causes the radio features
to work improperly. If this happens, contact the
radio station.
O (Power/Volume): Press this knob to turn the
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM™ is a satellite radio service that is based in the
48 contiguous United States and Canada. XM™
offers a large variety of coast-to-coast channels
including music, news, sports, talk, traffic/weather
(U.S. subscribers), and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text
information that includes song title and artist name.
A service fee is required in order to receive the
XM™ service. For more information, contact XM™;
In the U.S. at www.xmradio.com or call
1-800-852-XMXM (9696) or in Canada at
www.xmradio.ca or call 1-877-GET-XMSR
(438-9677).
252
system on and off.
Turn this knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
increase or decrease the volume.
Speed Compensated Volume (SCV): The radio
has Speed Compensated Volume (SCV). When
SCV is on, the radio volume automatically adjusts
to compensate for road and wind noise as you
speed up or slow down while driving. That way,
the volume level should sound about the same as
you drive. To activate SCV:
1. Set the radio volume to the desired level.
2. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
3. Press the pushbutton under the AUTO VOLUM
(automatic volume) label on the radio display.
4. Press the pushbutton under the desired Speed
Compensated Volume setting (OFF, Low, Med
(medium), or High) to select the level of radio
volume compensation. The display times out
after approximately 10 seconds. Each higher
setting allows for more radio volume
compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM, or XM™ (if equipped). The selection displays.
f (Tune): Turn this knob to select radio stations.
© SEEK ¨: Press the right or left SEEK arrow
to go to the next or to the previous station and
stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow
for a few seconds until a beep sounds. The radio
goes to a station, plays for a few seconds, then
goes to the next station. Press either SEEK arrow
again to stop scanning.
The radio only seeks and scans stations with a
strong signal that are in the selected band.
4 (Information) (XM™ Satellite Radio Service,
MP3, and RDS Features): Press the information
button to display additional text information related
to the current FM-RDS or XM™ station, or MP3
song. A choice of additional information such as:
Channel, Song, Artist, and CAT (category) can
appear. Continue pressing the information button to
highlight the desired label, or press the pushbutton
positioned under any one of the labels and the
information about that label displays.
While information is not available, No Info displays.
Storing a Radio Station as a Favorite
Drivers are encouraged to set up their radio station
favorites while the vehicle is in PARK (P). Tune
to your favorite stations using the presets, favorites
button, and steering wheel controls if the vehicle
has this feature. See Defensive Driving on
page 276.
253
FAV (Favorites): A maximum of 36 stations
can be programmed as favorites using the
six pushbuttons positioned below the radio station
frequency labels and by using the radio favorites
page button (FAV button). Press the FAV button to
go through up to six pages of favorites, each having
six favorite stations available per page. Each page
of favorites can contain any combination of AM, FM,
or XM™ (if equipped) stations. To store a station as
a favorite, perform the following steps:
1. Tune to the desired radio station.
2. Press the FAV button to display the page
where you want the station stored.
3. Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons
until a beep sounds. Whenever that
pushbutton is pressed and released,
the station that was set, returns.
4. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton radio
station you want stored as a favorite.
254
The number of favorites pages can be setup
using the MENU button. To setup the number of
favorites pages, perform the following steps:
1. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located below the
FAV 1-6 label.
3. Select the desired number of favorites pages
by pressing the pushbutton located below the
displayed page numbers.
4. Press the FAV button, or let the menu time out,
to return to the original main radio screen
showing the radio station frequency labels
and to begin the process of programming your
favorites for the chosen amount of numbered
pages.
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
BASS/MID/TREB (Bass, Midrange, or Treble):
To adjust bass, midrange, or treble, press the tune
knob until the tone control labels display. Continue
pressing to highlight the desired label, or press the
pushbutton positioned under the desired label.
Turn the tune knob clockwise or counterclockwise
to adjust the highlighted setting. The highlighted
setting can also be adjusted by pressing either the
SEEK, FWD (forward) or REV (reverse) button
until the desired levels are obtained. If a station’s
frequency is weak, or has static, decrease the
treble.
To quickly adjust bass, midrange, or treble to the
middle position, press the pushbutton positioned
under the BASS, MID (midrange), or TREB (treble)
label for more than two seconds. A beep sounds
and the level adjusts to the middle position.
To quickly adjust all tone and speaker controls to
the middle position, press the tune knob for more
than two seconds until a beep sounds.
EQ (Equalization): Press this button to select
preset equalization settings.
To return to the manual mode, press the EQ
button until Manual displays or start to manually
adjust the bass, midrange, or treble by pressing
the tune knob.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL/FADE (Balance/Fade): To adjust balance or
fade, press the tune knob until the speaker control
labels display. Continue pressing to highlight the
desired label, or press the pushbutton positioned
under the desired label. Turn the tune knob
clockwise or counterclockwise to adjust the
highlighted setting. The highlighted setting can also
be adjusted by pressing either the SEEK, FWD
(forward), or REV (reverse) button until the desired
levels are obtained.
To quickly adjust balance or fade to the middle
position, press the pushbutton positioned under
the BAL or FADE label for more than two seconds.
A beep sounds and the level adjusts to the middle
position.
To quickly adjust all speaker and tone controls to
the middle position, press the tune knob for more
than two seconds until a beep sounds.
255
Finding a Category (CAT) Station
CAT (Category): The CAT button is used to find
XM™ stations while the radio is in the XM™
mode. To find XM™ channels within a desired
category, perform the following:
1. Press the BAND button until the XM™
frequency displays. Press the CAT button to
display the category labels on the radio
display. Continue pressing the CAT button
until the desired category name displays.
2. Press either of the two buttons below the
desired category label to immediately tune
to the first XM™ station associated with that
category.
3. Turn the tune knob, press the buttons below
the right or left arrows displayed, or press the
right or left SEEK buttons to go to the next
or previous XM™ station within the selected
category.
4. To exit the category search mode, press the
FAV button or BAND button to display your
favorites again.
256
Undesired XM™ categories can be removed
through the setup menu. To remove an undesired
category, perform the following:
1. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located below the XM
CAT label.
3. Turn the tune knob to display the category
you want removed.
4. Press the pushbutton located under the
Remove label until the category name
along with the word Removed displays.
5. Repeat the steps to remove more categories.
Removed categories can be restored by pressing
the pushbutton under the Add label when a
removed category displays or by pressing the
pushbutton under the Restore All label.
The radio does not allow you to remove or add
categories while the vehicle is moving faster than
5 mph (8 km/h).
Radio Messages
Playing a CD(s) (Six-Disc CD Player)
Calibration Error: The audio system has been
calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If
Calibration Error displays, it means that the radio
has not been configured properly for your vehicle
and it must be returned to your dealer for service.
LOAD ^: Press this button to load CDs into the
CD player. This CD player holds up to six CDs.
Locked: This message is displayed when
the THEFTLOCK® system has locked up the
radio. Take the vehicle to your dealer for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error
cannot be corrected, contact your dealer.
Radio Messages for XM Only
See XM Radio Messages on page 269 later in this
section for further detail.
Playing a CD (Single CD Player)
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player pulls it in and the CD should begin
playing.
To insert one CD, do the following:
1. Press and release the load button.
2. Wait for the message to insert the disc.
3. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player pulls the CD in.
To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. Press and hold the load button for two
seconds. A beep sounds and Load All
Discs displays.
2. Follow the displayed instruction on when to
insert the discs. The CD player takes up to
six CDs.
3. Press the Load button again to cancel loading
more CDs.
If the ignition or radio is turned off, with a CD in the
player, it stays in the player. When the ignition or
radio is turned on, the CD starts playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
257
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol displays
on the CD. As each new track starts to play,
the track number displays.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs
and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same
manner.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the
quality of the music that has been recorded, and the
way the CD-R has been handled. There can be an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks,
and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these
problems occur, check the bottom surface of the
CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as
cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play
properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care
of Your CDs on page 273 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert
more than one CD into the slot at a time, or
attempt to play scratched or damaged CDs, you
could damage the CD player. When using the
CD player, use only CDs in good condition
without any label, load one CD at a time, and
keep the CD player and the loading slot free of
foreign materials, liquids, and debris.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in
the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal
computer and a description label is needed, try
labeling the top of the recorded CD with a
marking pen.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
Z EJECT: Press the CD eject button to eject
CD(s). To eject the CD that is currently playing,
press and release this button. A beep sounds and
Ejecting Disc displays. Once the disc is ejected,
Remove Disc displays. The CD can be removed. If
the CD is not removed, after several seconds, the
CD automatically pulls back into the player and
begin playing.
For the Six-Disc CD player, press and hold the eject
button for two seconds to eject all discs.
258
f (Tune): Turn this knob to select tracks on the
CD currently playing.
© SEEK ¨: Press the left SEEK arrow to go
to the start of the current track, if more than
ten seconds have played. Press the right SEEK
arrow to go to the next track. If either SEEK arrow
is held, or pressed multiple times, the player
continues moving backward or forward through
the tracks on the CD.
s REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button
to reverse playback quickly within a track. You will
hear sound at a reduced volume. Release this
pushbutton to resume playing the track. The
elapsed time of the track displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold this
button to advance playback quickly within a track.
You will hear sound at a reduced volume. Release
this button to resume playing the track. The elapsed
time of the track displays.
RDM (Random): With the random setting, the
tracks can be played in random, rather than
sequential order, on one CD or all CDs in a six-disc
CD player. To use random, do one of the following:
• Press the CD/AUX button, or for a single CD
player, insert a disc partway into the slot of the
CD player. A RDM label displays.
To play the tracks from the single CD in random
order, press the pushbutton positioned under
the RDM label until Random Current Disc
displays. Press the pushbutton again to
turn off random play.
• Press the CD/AUX button, or for a six-disc
CD player, press and hold the LOAD button.
A beep sounds and Load All Discs displays.
Insert one or more discs partway into the slot
of the CD player.
To play tracks from all CDs loaded in a
six-disc CD player in random order, press the
pushbutton positioned under the RDM label
until Randomize All Discs displays. Press the
same pushbutton again to turn off random play.
259
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
while a CD is playing. The CD remains safely
inside the radio for future listening.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to
play a CD while listening to the radio. The CD icon
and a message showing disc and/or track number
displays when a CD is in the player. Press this
button again and the system automatically
searches for an auxiliary input device, such as a
portable audio player. If a portable audio player
is not connected, No Aux Input Device Found
displays.
Playing an MP3 CD-R or CD-RW Disc
Your vehicle’s radio system may have the MP3
feature. If it has this feature, it is capable of playing
an MP3 CD-R or CD-RW disc. For more information
on how to play an MP3 CD-R or CD-RW disc, see
Using an MP3 on page 262 later in this section.
CD Messages
CHECK DISC: If an error message displays
and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of
the following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or
upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
• There could have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label could be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio
displays an error message, write it down and
provide it to your dealer while reporting the
problem.
260
Using the Auxiliary Input Jack
Your radio system has an auxiliary input jack
located on the lower right side of the faceplate.
This is not an audio output; do not plug the
headphone set into the front auxiliary input jack.
You can however, connect an external audio
device such as an iPod, laptop computer, MP3
player, CD changer, or cassette tape player, etc. to
the auxiliary input jack for use as another source
for audio listening.
Drivers are encouraged to set up any auxiliary
device while the vehicle is in PARK (P). See
Defensive Driving on page 276 for more
information on driver distraction.
To use a portable audio player, connect a 3.5 mm
(1/8 inch) cable to the radio’s front auxiliary input
jack. When a device is connected, press the radio
CD/AUX button to begin playing audio from the
device over the vehicle speakers.
O (Power/Volume): Turn this knob clockwise
or counterclockwise to increase or decrease
the volume of the portable player. You might need
to make additional volume adjustments from the
portable device.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
while a portable audio device is playing. The
portable audio device continues playing, so
you might want to stop it or turn it off.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to play
a CD while a portable audio device is playing. Press
this button again and the system begins playing
audio from the connected portable audio player.
If a portable audio player is not connected, No Aux
Input Device Found displays.
261
Using an MP3
MP3 CD-R or CD-RW Disc
The radio plays MP3 files that were recorded on a
CD-R or CD-RW disc. The files can be recorded
with the following fixed bit rates: 32 kbps, 40 kbps,
56 kbps, 64 kbps, 80 kbps, 96 kbps, 112 kbps,
128 kbps, 160 kbps, 192 kbps, 224 kbps,
256 kbps, and 320 kbps or a variable bit rate.
Song title, artist name, and album can display
when files are recorded using ID3 tags
version 1 and 2.
Compressed Audio
The radio also plays discs that contain both
uncompressed CD audio (.CDA files) and MP3/
WMA files. By default the radio reads only the
uncompressed audio and ignores the MP3 files.
Pressing the CAT (category) button toggles
between compressed and uncompressed audio
format.
262
MP3 Format
If you burn your own MP3 disc on a personal
computer:
• Make sure the MP3 files are recorded on a
CD-R or CD-RW disc.
• Avoid mixing standard audio and MP3 files on
one disc.
• Make sure the CD does not have more than
50 folders, 50 playlists, and 255 files to read
and play.
• Create a folder structure that makes it easy to
find songs while driving. Organize songs by
albums using one folder for each album. Each
folder or album should contain 18 songs
or less.
• Avoid subfolders. The system can support up
to 8 subfolders deep, however, keep the total
number of folders to a minimum in order to
reduce the complexity and confusion in trying
to locate a particular folder during playback.
• Make sure playlists have a .mp3 or .wpl
extension (other file extensions may not work).
• Minimize the length of the file, folder or playlist
Root Directory
names. Long file, folder, or playlist names, or a
combination of a large number of files and
folders, or playlists can cause the player to be
unable to play up to the maximum number of
files, folders, playlists, or sessions. If you wish
to play a large number of files, folders, playlists
or sessions, minimize the length of the file,
folder or playlist name. Long names also take
up more space on the display, potentially
getting cut off.
• Finalize the audio disc before you burn it.
Trying to add music to an existing disc can
cause the disc not to function in the player.
The root directory of the CD-R is treated as a folder.
If the root directory has compressed audio files, the
directory displays as F1 ROOT. All files contained
directly under the root directory are accessed prior
to any root directory folders. However, playlists (Px)
are always accessed before root folders or files.
Change playlists by using the previous and next
folder buttons, the tuner knob, or the seek buttons.
An MP3 CD-R that was recorded using no file
folders can also be played. If a CD-R contains more
than the maximum of 50 folders, 50 playlists, and
255 files, the player lets you access and navigate
up to the maximum, but all items over the maximum
cannot be accessed.
Empty Directory or Folder
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere
in the file structure that contains only folders/
subfolders and no compressed files directly
beneath them, the player advances to the next
folder in the file structure that contains compressed
audio files. The empty folder is not numbered or
displayed.
263
No Folder
Order of Play
When the CD-R contains only compressed files, the
files are located under the root folder. The next and
previous folder functions do not function on a CD-R
that was recorded without folders or playlists. When
displaying the name of the folder the radio
displays ROOT.
Tracks recorded to the CD-R are played in the
following order:
• Play begins from the first track in the first
playlist and continues sequentially through
all tracks in each playlist. When the last track
of the last playlist has played, play continues
from the first track of the first playlist.
• Play begins from the first track in the first
folder and continues sequentially through
all tracks in each folder. When the last track
of the last folder has played, play continues
from the first track of the first folder.
When the CD-R contains only playlists and
compressed audio files, but no folders, all files are
located under the root folder. The folder down and
the folder up buttons searches playlists (Px) first
and then goes to the root folder. When the radio
displays the name of the folder the radio
displays ROOT.
264
When play enters a new folder, the display does
not automatically show the new folder name unless
you have chosen the folder mode as the default
display. The new track name displays.
File System and Naming
The song name that displays is the song name that
is contained in the ID3 tag. If the song name is not
present in the ID3 tag, then the radio displays the
file name without the extension (such as .mp3) as
the track name.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD-R in
the player it stays in the player. When the ignition or
radio is turned on, the CD-R starts to play where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number
and song title displays.
Track names longer than 32 characters or four
pages are shortened. The display does not show
parts of words on the last page of text and the
extension of the filename is not displayed.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CD-Rs with an adapter ring. Full-size CD-Rs
and the smaller CD-Rs are loaded in the same
manner.
Preprogrammed Playlists
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the
quality of the music that has been recorded, and the
way the CD-R has been handled. There can be an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks,
and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these
problems occur, check the bottom surface of the
CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as
cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play
properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care
of Your CDs on page 273 for more information.
Preprogrammed playlists that were created using
WinAmp™, MusicMatch™, or Real Jukebox™
software can be accessed, however, you do not
have playlist editing capability using the radio.
These playlists are treated as special folders
containing compressed audio song files.
Playing an MP3
Insert a CD-R partway into the slot (Single CD
Player), or press the load button and wait for the
message to insert disc (Six-Disc CD Player), label
side up. The player pulls it in, and the CD-R should
begin playing.
265
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert
more than one CD into the slot at a time, or
attempt to play scratched or damaged CDs, you
could damage the CD player. When using the
CD player, use only CDs in good condition
without any label, load one CD at a time, and
keep the CD player and the loading slot free of
foreign materials, liquids, and debris.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD
with a marking pen.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
266
Z EJECT: Press the CD eject button to eject
CD-R(s). To eject the CD-R that is currently playing,
press and release this button. A beep sounds and
Ejecting Disc displays. Once the disc is ejected,
Remove Disc displays. The CD-R can be removed.
If the CD-R is not removed, after several seconds,
the CD-R automatically pulls back into the player
and begins playing. For the Six-Disc CD player,
press and hold the eject button for two seconds to
eject all discs.
f (Tune): Turn this knob to select MP3 files on
the CD-R currently playing.
© SEEK ¨: Press the left SEEK arrow to go to
the start of the current MP3 file, if more than ten
seconds have played. Press the right SEEK arrow
to go to the next MP3 file. If either SEEK arrow is
held or pressed multiple times, the player continues
moving backward or forward through MP3 files on
the CD.
S c (Previous Folder): Press the pushbutton
positioned under the Folder label to go to the
first track in the previous folder.
c T (Next Folder): Press the pushbutton
positioned under the Folder label to go to the first
track in the next folder.
s REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button
to reverse playback quickly within an MP3 file.
You will hear sound at a reduced volume. Release
this button to resume playing the file. The elapsed
time of the file displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold this
button to advance playback quickly within an MP3
file. You will hear sound at a reduced volume.
Release this button to resume playing the file.
The elapsed time of the file displays.
RDM (Random): With the random setting, MP3
files can be played on the CD-R in random, rather
than sequential order, on one CD-R or all discs
in a six-disc CD player. To use random, do one
of the following:
1. To play MP3 files in random order from the
CD-R that is currently playing, press the
pushbutton positioned under the RDM label
until Random Current Disc displays. Press the
same pushbutton again to turn off random play.
2. To play songs from all CDs loaded in a
six-disc CD player in random order, press the
pushbutton positioned under the RDM label
until Randomize All Discs displays. Press the
same pushbutton again to turn off random play.
h (Music Navigator): Use the music navigator
feature to play MP3 files on the CD-R in order by
artist or album. Press the pushbutton located
below the music navigator label. The player scans
the disc to sort the files by artist and album ID3 tag
information. It can take several minutes to scan
the disc depending on the number of MP3 files
recorded to the CD-R. The radio might begin
playing while it is scanning the disc in the
background. When the scan is finished, the
CD-R begins playing again.
267
Once the disc has scanned, the player defaults to
playing MP3 files in order by artist. The current
artist playing is shown on the second line of the
display between the arrows. Once all songs by that
artist are played, the player moves to the next artist
in alphabetical order on the CD-R and begins
playing MP3 files by that artist. If you want to listen
to MP3 files by another artist, press the pushbutton
located below either arrow button. The CD goes to
the next or previous artist in alphabetical order.
Continue pressing either button until the desired
artist displays.
To change from playback by artist to playback by
album, press the pushbutton located below the Sort
By label. From the sort screen, push one of the
buttons below the album button. Press the
pushbutton below the back label to return to the
main music navigator screen. Now the album name
displays on the second line between the arrows and
songs from the current album begins to play. Once
all songs from that album have played, the player
moves to the next album in alphabetical order on
the CD-R and begins playing MP3 files from that
album.
268
To exit music navigator mode, press the pushbutton
below the Back label to return to normal MP3
playback.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
while a CD is playing. The CD remains inside the
radio for future listening.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to
play a CD while listening to the radio. The CD icon
and a message showing disc and/or track number
displays while a CD is in the player. Press this
button again and the system automatically
searches for an auxiliary input device such as a
portable audio player. If a portable audio player
is not connected, No Aux Input Device Found
displays.
XM Radio Messages
Radio Display Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
XM Updating
Updating encryption code The encryption code in the receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No XM Signal
Loss of signal
The system is functioning correctly, but the vehicle is in a
location that is blocking the XM™ signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after four second delay)
The audio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
Channel Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
Channel Unavail
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of the
presets, choose another station for that preset button.
No Artist Info
Artist Name/Feature
not available
No artist information is available at this time on this channel.
The system is working properly.
No Title Info
Song/Program
Title not available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
269
Radio Display Message
Condition
Action Required
No CAT Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
No Information
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this time
on this channel. The system is working properly.
CAT Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the selected category.
The system is working properly.
XM Theft Locked
Theftlock® active
The XM™ receiver in the vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM™ receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If this message
displays after having your vehicle serviced, check with
your dealer.
XM Radio ID
Radio ID label (channel 0) If tuned to channel 0, this message alternates with the
XM™ Radio eight digit radio ID label. This label is needed
to activate the service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If this message is received when tuned to channel 0,
there could be a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Check XM Receivr
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
the receiver could have a fault. Consult with your dealer.
XM Not Available
XM™ Not Available
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
the receiver could have a fault. Consult with your dealer.
270
Navigation/Radio System
Your vehicle may have a navigation radio system.
The navigation system has built-in features
intended to minimize driver distraction. Technology
alone, no matter how advanced, can never replace
your own judgment. See the Navigation System
manual for some tips to help you reduce
distractions while driving.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of
your vehicle’s radio. It works by using a secret code
to disable all radio functions whenever battery
power is removed and the radio is placed in a
different vehicle. This feature requires no user input
to be activated. The radio is automatically armed
when it is put into the vehicle for the first time.
If THEFTLOCK® is activated, the radio will not
operate if stolen. The radio will display LOCKED.
If this occurs, the radio will need to be returned
to your GM dealer.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
If your vehicle has audio
steering wheel controls,
they may be differ
depending on your
vehicle’s options. Some
audio controls can be
adjusted at the steering
wheel. They include the
following:
xw (Next/Previous): Press the up or the down
arrow to go to the next or to the previous radio
station stored as a favorite.
When a CD is playing, press the up or the down
arrow to go to the next or previous track.
271
g (Mute/Voice Recognition): Press and release
this button to silence the system. Press and
release this button again, to turn the sound on.
If your vehicle has the navigation system,
press and hold this button for longer than one
second to initiate voice recognition. See “Voice
Recognition” in the Navigation System manual for
more information.
If your vehicle has OnStar®, press and hold this
button for longer than one second to interact with
the OnStar system. If your vehicle is also equipped
with the navigation system, press and hold this
button for longer than one second to initiate voice
recognition and say “OnStar” to enter OnStar®
mode. See the OnStar® System on page 135 in
this manual for more information.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch
between AM, FM, XM (if equipped), CD, and
AUX jack (if equipped).
+ e − e (Volume): Press the plus or minus
button to increase or to decrease the radio volume.
¨ (Seek): Press the seek arrow to go to the
next radio station, or CD, whichever is the active
source and stay there.
272
Radio Reception
You may experience frequency interference and
static during normal radio reception if items
such as cellphone chargers, vehicle convenience
accessories, and external electronic devices are
plugged into the accessory power outlet. If there is
interference or static, unplug the item from the
accessory power outlet.
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for
FM, especially at night. The longer range can cause
station frequencies to interfere with each other. For
better radio reception, most AM radio stations will
boost the power levels during the day, and then
reduce these levels during the night. Static can also
occur when things like storms and power lines
interfere with radio reception. When this happens,
try reducing the treble on your radio.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to fade in and out.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
Care of Your CDs
XM™ Satellite Radio Service gives digital radio
reception from coast-to-coast in the 48 contiguous
United States, and in Canada. Just as with FM, tall
buildings or hills can interfere with satellite radio
signals, causing the sound to fade in and out. In
addition, traveling or standing under heavy foliage,
bridges, garages, or tunnels may cause loss of the
XM™ signal for a period of time. The radio may
display NO XM SIGNAL to indicate interference.
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original
cases or other protective cases and away from
direct sunlight and dust. The CD player scans the
bottom surface of the disc. If the surface of a CD is
damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched,
the CD will not play properly or not at all. If the
surface of a CD is soiled, take a soft, lint free cloth
or dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral
detergent solution mixed with water, and clean it.
Make sure the wiping process starts from the center
to the edge.
Do not touch the bottom side of a CD while
handling it; this could damage the surface. Pick up
CDs by grasping the outer edges or the edge of
the hole and the outer edge.
273
Care of the CD Player
Do not use CD lens cleaners for CD players
because the lens of the CD optics can become
contaminated by lubricants.
Backglass Antenna
The AM-FM antenna is located in the rear window.
Make sure that the inside surface of the rear
window is not scratched and that the grid lines on
the glass are not damaged. If the inside surface
is damaged, it could interfere with radio reception.
Notice: Do not apply aftermarket glass
tinting with metallic film. The metallic film in
some tinting materials will interfere with
or distort the incoming radio reception. Any
damage caused to your antenna due to metallic
tinting materials will not be covered by your
warranty.
Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to
clear the inside rear window may damage the
rear window antenna and/or the rear window
defogger. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not clear the inside rear window
with sharp objects.
274
If static is heard on the radio, when the rear
window defogger is turned on, it could mean that
a defogger grid line has been damaged. If this
is true, the grid line must be repaired.
If you choose to add a cellular telephone to your
vehicle, and the antenna needs to be attached
to the glass, make sure that the grid lines for the
AM-FM antenna are not damaged. Make sure
the cellular telephone antenna does not touch a
grid line.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System
The XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on
the roof of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of
snow and ice build up for clear radio reception.
If your vehicle has a sunroof, the performance of
the XM™ system may be affected if the sunroof
is open.
Loading items onto the roof of your vehicle can
interfere with the performance of the XM™ system.
Make sure the XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is
not obstructed.
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your
Vehicle ..................................................... 276
Defensive Driving ...................................... 276
Drunken Driving ........................................ 277
Control of a Vehicle .................................. 280
Braking ...................................................... 280
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................. 281
Braking in Emergencies ............................. 283
Traction Control System (TCS) .................. 283
StabiliTrak® System ................................... 284
Panic Brake Assist .................................... 285
Steering .................................................... 285
Off-Road Recovery .................................... 288
Passing ..................................................... 288
Loss of Control .......................................... 290
Driving at Night ......................................... 291
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ............ 293
City Driving ............................................... 296
Freeway Driving ........................................ 297
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .................. 298
Highway Hypnosis ..................................... 299
Hill and Mountain Roads ........................... 300
Winter Driving ........................................... 302
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud,
Ice, or Snow .......................................... 306
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out ........... 307
Loading Your Vehicle ................................ 307
Towing ........................................................ 313
Towing Your Vehicle ................................. 313
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...................... 313
Towing a Trailer ........................................ 315
275
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in
your vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They
Are for Everyone on page 19.
276
{CAUTION:
Defensive driving really means “Be ready
for anything.” On city streets, rural roads,
or expressways, it means “Always expect
the unexpected.” Assume that pedestrians
or other drivers are going to be careless
and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do and be ready. Rear-end collisions
are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow
enough following distance. Defensive
driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that distracts
from the driving task makes proper
defensive driving more difficult and can
even cause a collision, with resulting
injury. Ask a passenger to help do these
things, or pull off the road in a safe place to
do them. These simple defensive driving
techniques could save your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and
driving is a national tragedy. It is the number
one contributor to the highway death toll,
claiming thousands of victims every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to
drive a vehicle:
• Judgment
• Muscular Coordination
• Vision
• Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most
cases, these deaths are the result of someone who
was drinking and driving. In recent years, more
than 16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths
have been associated with the use of alcohol, with
more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half
the adult population — choose never to drink
alcohol, so they never drive after drinking.
For persons under 21, it is against the law in
every U.S. state to drink alcohol. There are good
medical, psychological, and developmental
reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink
alcohol and then drive. But what if people do?
How much is “too much” if someone plans
to drive? It is a lot less than many might think.
Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of
someone who is drinking depends upon
four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before
and during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
277
According to the American Medical Association,
a 180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up
with a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person
would reach the same BAC by drinking three
4 ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed
drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of
liquors like whiskey, gin, or vodka.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,
if the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour,
the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent.
A person who consumes food just before or during
drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women
generally have a lower relative percentage of
body water than men. Since alcohol is carried in
body water, this means that a woman generally
will reach a higher BAC level than a man of
her same body weight will when each has the
same number of drinks.
The law in most U.S. states, and throughout
Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower.
For example, it is 0.05 percent in both France
and Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial
drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have
seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in the
drinks, and how quickly the person drinks them.
278
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC
of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving
skills of many people are impaired at a BAC
approaching 0.05 percent, and that the effects are
worse at night. All drivers are impaired at BAC
levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics show that the
chance of being in a collision increases sharply for
drivers who have a BAC of 0.05 percent or above.
A driver with a BAC level of 0.06 percent has
doubled his or her chance of having a collision. At a
BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of this driver
having a collision is 12 times greater; at a level of
0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the
alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or
number of cold showers will speed that up.
“I will be careful” is not the right answer. What if
there is an emergency, a need to take sudden
action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might
not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving
that many people do not know. Medical research
shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make
crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the
brain, spinal cord, or heart. This means that when
anyone who has been drinking — driver or
passenger — is in a crash, that person’s chance
of being killed or permanently disabled is
higher than if the person had not been drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very
dangerous. Your reflexes, perceptions,
attentiveness, and judgment can be
affected by even a small amount of
alcohol. You can have a serious — or
even fatal — collision if you drive after
drinking. Please do not drink and drive
or ride with a driver who has been
drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if you
are with a group, designate a driver
who will not drink.
279
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your
vehicle go where you want it to go. They are the
brakes, the steering, and the accelerator. All
three systems have to do their work at the places
where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or
ice, it is easy to ask more of those control systems
than the tires and road can provide. That means
you can lose control of your vehicle. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 283.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 325.
See Brake System Warning Light on page 201.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake
pedal. That is perception time. Then you have to
bring up your foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about three-fourths of a
second. But that is only an average. It might be less
with one driver and as long as two or three seconds
or more with another. Age, physical condition,
alertness, coordination, and eyesight all play a part.
So do alcohol, drugs, and frustration. But even in
three-fourths of a second, a vehicle moving at
60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That
could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and
others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary
greatly with the surface of the road, whether it is
pavement or gravel; the condition of the road,
whether it is wet, dry, or icy; tire tread; the
condition of the brakes; the weight of the vehicle;
and the amount of brake force applied.
280
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by
heavy braking — rather than keeping pace with
traffic. This is a mistake. The brakes may not have
time to cool between hard stops. The brakes
will wear out much faster if you do a lot of heavy
braking. If you keep pace with the traffic and
allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your vehicle’s engine ever stops while you are
driving, brake normally but do not pump the
brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder to
push down. If the engine stops, you will still have
some power brake assist. But you will use it
when you brake. Once the power assist is used
up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has the Anti-Lock Brake System
(ABS), an advanced electronic braking system
that will help prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive
away, ABS will check itself. You may hear a
momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on, and you may even notice that
your brake pedal moves a little. This is normal.
If there is a problem
with ABS, this warning
light will stay on.
See Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning
Light on page 202.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 325.
281
ABS can change the brake pressure faster than
any driver could. The computer is programmed
to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the
obstacle while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving
safely. Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of
you. You slam on the brakes and continue braking.
Here is what happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.
If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the
computer will separately work the brakes at each
front wheel and at both rear wheels.
282
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving
updates on wheel speed and controls braking
pressure accordingly.
Remember: ABS does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or
always decrease stopping distance. If you get too
close to the vehicle in front of you, you will not have
time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly
slows or stops. Always leave enough room up
ahead to stop, even though you have ABS.
Using ABS
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may
hear the anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel
the brake pedal pulsate, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With ABS, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you
more than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System (TCS)
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits
wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery road
conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that the front wheels are spinning too much or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system works the front brakes and reduces engine
power (by closing the throttle and managing engine
spark) to limit wheel spin.
The traction control system and StabiliTrak®
warning light will flash when the traction control
system is limiting wheel spin. See Traction Control
System (TCS) Warning Light on page 202 for
more information. You may feel or hear the system
working, but this is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the
traction control system begins to limit wheel spin,
the cruise control will automatically disengage.
When road conditions allow you to safely use
it again, you may re-engage the cruise control.
See Cruise Control on page 167 for more
information.
283
The SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL message,
the traction control system warning light and
the StabiliTrak® warning light will come on to let
you know if there is a problem with the traction
control system. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 221.
When this light and the SERVICE TRACTION
CONTROL message are on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically
comes on whenever you start your vehicle.
To limit wheel spin, especially in slippery road
conditions, you should always leave the system
on. But you can turn the traction control system off
if you ever need to.
You can turn the system on or off at any time by
pressing the traction control system button located
on the console. The DIC will display TRACTION
CONTROL OFF when you press the button.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 325 for more information.
284
StabiliTrak® System
Your vehicle may have this feature. The
StabiliTrak® system is an advanced computer
controlled system that helps the driver maintain
directional control of the vehicle in difficult driving
conditions. This is accomplished by selectively
applying any one of the vehicle’s brakes and
reducing engine power. The StabiliTrak® system
comes on automatically whenever you start
your vehicle. The system cannot be turned off.
The STABILITRAK NOT READY message may be
displayed in the DIC and the traction control system
and StabiliTrak® warning light on the instrument
panel cluster will be on after first driving the vehicle
and exceeding 19 mph (30 km/h) for 30 seconds.
The StabiliTrak® system is off until the light has
turned off. This could take up to 15 minutes.
The traction control system and StabiliTrak®
warning light on the instrument panel cluster will
flash when the system is operating. See Traction
Control System (TCS) Warning Light on page 202,
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light on page 203 and DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 221 for more
information. You may also feel or hear the system
working. This is normal.
The SERVICE STABILITRAK message will be
displayed and the traction control system
and StabiliTrak® warning light on the instrument
panel cluster will come on if there is a problem with
the system. When this light and the SERVICE
STABILITRAK message are on, the system is not
operational. Adjust your driving accordingly.
Panic Brake Assist
Your vehicle may have a panic brake assist system
that monitors the intention of the driver while
braking. If the system senses that the driver has
applied hard/fast pressure to the brake pedal, the
system will generate additional pressure, making it
easier for the driver to maintain brake application.
When this happens the brake pedal will feel easier
to push. Just hold the brake pedal down firmly and
let the system work for you. You may feel the
brakes vibrate, or you may notice some noise but
this is normal. The brakes will return to normal
operation after the brake pedal has been released.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the
engine stops or the system is not functioning,
you can steer but it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
It is important to take curves at a reasonable
speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned
on the news happen on curves. Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is
subject to the same laws of physics when driving on
curves. The traction of the tires against the road
surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change
its path when you turn the front wheels. If there is
no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in the
same direction. If you have ever tried to steer a
vehicle on wet ice, you will understand this.
285
The traction you can get in a curve depends on
the condition of your tires and the road surface,
the angle at which the curve is banked, and
your speed. While you are in a curve, speed is
the one factor you can control.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions.
Under less favorable conditions you will want to go
slower.
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems — steering and acceleration — have
to do their work where the tires meet the road.
Adding the sudden acceleration can demand
too much of those places. You can lose control.
See Traction Control System (TCS) on page 283
and StabiliTrak® System on page 284.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while
your front wheels are straight ahead.
What should you do if this ever happens?
Ease up on the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle
the way you want it to go, and slow down.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 325.
286
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive”
through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady
speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of
the curve, and then accelerate gently into
the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more
effective than braking. For example, you come
over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane,
or a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or
a child darts out from between parked cars and
stops right in front of you. You can avoid
these problems by braking — if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you cannot; there is not room.
That is the time for evasive action — steering
around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First apply your brakes.
See Braking on page 280. It is better to remove as
much speed as you can from a possible collision.
Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and
a quick decision. If you are holding the steering
wheel at the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock
positions, you can turn it a full 180 degrees very
quickly without removing either hand. But you
have to act fast, steer quickly, and just as quickly
straighten the wheel once you have avoided
the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive
driving at all times and wear safety belts properly.
287
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped
off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you are driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple
maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a
two-lane highway is a potentially dangerous move,
since the passing vehicle occupies the same
lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds.
A miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a brief
surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly
put the passing driver face to face with the worst
of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off
the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the
way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge
of the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel
up to one-quarter turn until the right front tire
contacts the pavement edge. Then turn your
steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
288
So here are some tips for passing:
• Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the
sides, and to crossroads for situations
that might affect your passing patterns. If you
have any doubt whatsoever about making
a successful pass, wait for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your
pass. A broken center line usually indicates it is
all right to pass, providing the road ahead is
clear. Never cross a solid line on your side of
the lane or a double solid line, even if the road
seems empty of approaching traffic.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For
one thing, following too closely reduces your
area of vision, especially if you are following a
larger vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate
space if the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or
stops. Keep back a reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming
up, start to accelerate but stay in the right lane
and do not get too close. Time your move so
you will be increasing speed as the time comes
to move into the other lane. If the way is clear to
pass, you will have a running start that more
than makes up for the distance you would lose
by dropping back. And if something happens to
cause you to cancel your pass, you need only
slow down and drop back again and wait for
another opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow
•
•
•
•
vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that
someone is not trying to pass you as you pull
out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to
glance over your shoulder and check the
blind spot.
Check your vehicle’s mirrors, glance over your
shoulder, and start your left lane change signal
before moving out of the right lane to pass.
When you are far enough ahead of the passed
vehicle to see its front in your vehicle’s inside
mirror, activate the right lane change signal and
move back into the right lane. Remember that
your vehicle’s passenger side outside mirror is
convex. The vehicle you just passed may seem
to be farther away from you than it really is.
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing
the next vehicle.
Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too
rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are not
flashing, it may be slowing down or starting
to turn.
If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
289
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do not have enough
friction where the tires meet the road to do what the
driver has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or
area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking
reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and
by not overdriving those conditions. But skids
are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your
vehicle’s three control systems. In the braking skid,
your wheels are not rolling. In the steering or
cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a
curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force.
And in the acceleration skid, too much throttle
causes the driving wheels to spin.
290
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps
avoid only the acceleration skid. If your traction
control system is off, then an acceleration
skid is also best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off
the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the
way you want the vehicle to go. If you start
steering quickly enough, your vehicle may
straighten out. Always be ready for a second skid
if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow,
ice, gravel, or other material is on the road.
For safety, you will want to slow down and adjust
your driving to these conditions. It is important
to slow down on slippery surfaces because
stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control
more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or
braking, including reducing vehicle speed by
shifting to a lower gear. Any sudden changes could
cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the
surface is slippery until your vehicle is skidding.
Learn to recognize warning clues — such as
enough water, ice, or packed snow on the road to
make a mirrored surface — and slow down when
you have any doubt.
Remember: Any Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
helps avoid only the braking skid.
Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to
be impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night
vision problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Adjust the inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
• Since you cannot see as well, you may need
to slow down and keep more space between
you and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your vehicle’s headlamps can light up only so
much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe
place and rest.
291
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as
much light to see the same thing at night as a
20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the
day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear
sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble
adjusting to night. But if you are driving, do not
wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on
glare from headlamps, but they also make a
lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or
even several seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust
to the dark. When you are faced with severe glare,
as from a driver who does not lower the high
beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps,
slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into
the approaching headlamps.
292
Keep the windshield and all the glass on your
vehicle clean — inside and out. Glare at night is
made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even
the inside of the glass can build up a film caused
by dust. Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and
flash more than clean glass would, making the
pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that the headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as the headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your
eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer
from night blindness — the inability to see in dim
light — and are not even aware of it.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
It is always wise to go slower and be cautious if rain
starts to fall while you are driving. The surface may
get wet suddenly when your reflexes are tuned for
driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see.
Even if your windshield wiper blades are in good
shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see
road signs and traffic signals, pavement markings,
the edge of the road, and even people walking.
It is wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment
in good shape and keep your windshield washer
fluid reservoir filled with washer fluid. Replace your
windshield wiper inserts when they show signs
of streaking or missing areas on the windshield,
or when strips of rubber start to separate from
the inserts.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a
wet road, you cannot stop, accelerate, or turn as
well because your tire-to-road traction is not as
good as on dry roads. And, if your tires do not have
much tread left, you will get even less traction.
293
Hydroplaning
{CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They
may not work as well in a quick stop and
may cause pulling to one side. You could
lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of
water or a car wash, apply your brake pedal
lightly until your brakes work normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or
even going through some car washes can cause
problems, too. The water may affect your brakes.
Try to avoid puddles. But if you cannot, try to slow
down before you hit them.
294
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can
build up under your tires that they can actually ride
on the water. This can happen if the road is wet
enough and you are going fast enough. When your
vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact
with the road.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can
if your tires do not have much tread or if the
pressure in one or more is low. It can happen if a
lot of water is standing on the road. If you can
see reflections from trees, telephone poles,
or other vehicles, and raindrops dimple the water’s
surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just is not a hard and fast rule about
hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down
when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly
damage your engine. Never drive through water
that is slightly lower than the underbody of your
vehicle. If you cannot avoid deep puddles or
standing water, drive through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
(Continued)
As little as six inches of flowing water
can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and other vehicle occupants
could drown. Do not ignore police warning
signs, and otherwise be very cautious
about trying to drive through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
{CAUTION:
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra
Flowing or rushing water creates strong
forces. If you try to drive through flowing
water, as you might at a low water
crossing, your vehicle can be carried away.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
following distance. And be especially careful
when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself
more clear room ahead, and be prepared to
have your view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth.
See Tires on page 385.
295
City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city streets is
the amount of traffic on them. You will want
to watch out for what the other drivers are doing
and pay attention to traffic signals.
296
Here are ways to increase your safety in city
driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip
into an unknown part of the city just as you
would for a cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and
energy. See Freeway Driving on page 297.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal.
A traffic light is there because the corner
is busy enough to need it. When a light turns
green, and just before you start to move,
check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running
the red light.
Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freeway driving
is: Keep up with traffic and keep to the right.
Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers
are driving. Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks
a smooth traffic flow. Treat the left lane on
a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads
to the freeway. If you have a clear view of the
freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you
should begin to check traffic. Try to determine
where you expect to blend with the flow. Try to
merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed.
Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors, and
glance over your shoulder as often as necessary.
Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Mile for mile, freeways — also called thruways,
parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or
superhighways — are the safest of all roads.
But they have their own special rules.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed
to the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it
is slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want
to pass.
297
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors.
Then use your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly
over your shoulder to make sure there is not
another vehicle in your blind spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make
certain you allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your
exit, do not, under any circumstances, stop and
back up. Drive on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite
sharply. The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce
your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any
distance at higher speeds, you may tend to think
you are going slower than you actually are.
298
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested.
If you must start when you are not fresh — such
as after a day’s work — do not plan to make
too many miles that first part of the journey.
Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you can
easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it
needs service, have it done before starting out.
Of course, you will find experienced and able
service experts in GM dealerships all across
North America. They will be ready and willing to
help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you
checked all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses
clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated
to the recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather
outlook along your route? Should you delay
your trip a short time to avoid a major storm
system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as highway
hypnosis? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the
wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of
awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road
with the same scenery, along with the hum of the
tires on the road, the drone of the engine, and the
rush of the wind against the vehicle that can make
you sleepy. Do not let it happen to you! If it does,
your vehicle can leave the road in less than a
second, and you could crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
First, be aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated,
with a comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors
and your instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service, or parking area and take a nap, get
some exercise, or both. For safety, treat
drowsiness on the highway as an emergency.
299
Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that
can make your trips safer and more enjoyable.
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check
all fluid levels and also the brakes, tires,
cooling system, and transaxle. These parts
can work hard on mountain roads.
{CAUTION:
If you do not shift down, your brakes
could get so hot that they would not work
well. You would then have poor braking or
even none going down a hill. You could
crash. Shift down to let your engine assist
your brakes on a steep downhill slope.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different
from driving in flat or rolling terrain.
300
• Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
{CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with
the ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes
will have to do all the work of slowing
down. They could get so hot that they
would not work well. You would then have
poor braking or even none going down a
hill. You could crash. Always have your
engine running and your vehicle in gear
when you go downhill.
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide
or cut across the center of the road. Drive at
speeds that let you stay in your own lane.
• As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There
could be something in your lane, like a stalled
car or an accident.
• You may see highway signs on mountains that
warn of special problems. Examples are long
grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling
rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these
and take appropriate action.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when
you go down a steep or long hill.
• Know how to go uphill. Drive in the highest gear
possible.
301
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency
supplies in your trunk.
Also see Tires on page 385.
302
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some
winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight,
a red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning
triangles. And, if you will be driving under severe
conditions, include a small bag of sand, a
piece of old carpet, or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly
secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where the tires
meet the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between the tires
and the road, you can have a very slippery
situation. You will have a lot less traction, or grip,
and will need to be very careful.
But wet ice can be even more trouble because it
may offer the least traction of all. You can get
wet ice when it is about freezing, 32°F (0°C), and
freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving
on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed,
blowing, or loose snow — drive with caution.
If you have the Traction Control System (TCS), it
will improve your ability to accelerate when
driving on a slippery road. Even if your vehicle has
TCS you will want to slow down and adjust your
driving to the road conditions. Under certain
conditions, you may want to turn the TCS off, such
as when driving through deep snow and loose
gravel, to help maintain vehicle motion at
lower speeds. See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 283.
If you do not have TCS, accelerate gently. Try not
to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate too
fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the
surface under the tires even more.
What is the worst time for this? Wet ice. Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on.
303
The Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) improves your
vehicle’s stability when you make a hard stop
on a slippery road. Even though you have ABS,
you will want to begin stopping sooner than
you would on dry pavement. See Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS) on page 281.
• Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be
fine until you hit a spot that is covered with
ice. On an otherwise clear road, ice patches
may appear in shaded areas where the
sun cannot reach, such as around clumps of
trees, behind buildings, or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an
overpass may remain icy when the
surrounding roads are clear. If you see a
patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you are
actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering
maneuvers.
304
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in
a serious situation. You should probably stay
with your vehicle unless you know for sure that you
are near help and you can hike through the
snow. Here are some things to do to summon
help and keep yourself and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police
that you have been stopped by the snow.
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around
you. If you do not have blankets or extra
clothing, make body insulators from
newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to
keep warm.
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under
your vehicle. This can cause deadly CO
(carbon monoxide) gas to get inside.
CO could overcome you and kill you.
You cannot see it or smell it, so you might
not know it is in your vehicle. Clear away
snow from around the base of your
vehicle, especially any that is blocking
your exhaust pipe. And check around
again from time to time to be sure snow
does not collect there.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be
careful.
Open a window just a little on the side of
the vehicle that is away from the wind.
This will help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This
saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go
a little faster than just idle. That is, push the
accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat
that you get and it keeps the battery charged.
305
You will need a well-charged battery to restart the
vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on with
your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window
almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start
the engine again and repeat this only when you
feel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as
little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as
you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of
the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck,
you will need to spin the wheels, but you do not
want to spin your wheels too fast. The method
known as rocking can help you get out when you
are stuck, but you must use caution.
{CAUTION:
If you let your vehicle’s tires spin at high
speed, they can explode, and you or others
could be injured. And, the transaxle or
other parts of the vehicle can overheat.
That could cause an engine compartment
fire or other damage. When you are stuck,
spin the wheels as little as possible. Do not
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as
shown on the speedometer.
Notice: Spinning the wheels can destroy parts
of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin
the wheels too fast while shifting the transaxle
back and forth, you can destroy the transaxle.
See Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out on
page 307.
For information about using tire chains on your
vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 406.
306
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out
Loading Your Vehicle
First, turn the steering wheel left and right.
That will clear the area around the front wheels.
If your vehicle has traction control, you should turn
the traction control system off. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 283. Then shift
back and forth between REVERSE (R) and
a forward gear, spinning the wheels as little as
possible. Release the accelerator pedal while you
shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning
the wheels in the forward and reverse directions,
you will cause a rocking motion that may free
your vehicle. If that does not get your vehicle out
after a few tries, it may need to be towed out.
If your vehicle does need to be towed out,
see Towing Your Vehicle on page 313.
It is very important to know how much weight
your vehicle can carry. This weight is called the
vehicle capacity weight and includes the weight of
all occupants, cargo, and all nonfactory-installed
options. Two labels on your vehicle show how
much weight it may properly carry; the Tire
and Loading Information label and the
Certification label.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
307
Tire and Loading Information Label
The Tire and Loading Information label also shows
the tire size of the original equipment tires (C) and
the recommended cold tire inflation pressures (D).
For more information on tires and inflation see Tires
on page 385 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 392.
There is also important loading information on the
Certification label. It tells you the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) for the front and rear axle; see
Certification Label later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
Label Example
A vehicle specific Tire and Loading Information
label is attached to the vehicle’s center pillar
(B-pillar). With the driver’s door open, you will find
the label attached below the door lock post (striker).
The Tire and Loading Information label shows the
number of occupant seating positions (A), and the
maximum vehicle capacity weight (B) in kilograms
and pounds.
308
1. Locate the statement “The combined
weight of occupants and cargo should never
exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs” on your vehicle
placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver
and passengers that will be riding in your
vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver
and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs.
4. The resulting figure equals the available
amount of cargo and luggage load capacity.
For example, if the “XXX” amount equals
1400 lbs and there will be five 150 lb
passengers in your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage load capacity is
650 lbs (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage
and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That
weight may not safely exceed the available
cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in
Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load
from your trailer will be transferred to your
vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how
this reduces the available cargo and luggage
load capacity of your vehicle.
If your vehicle can tow a trailer, see Towing a
Trailer on page 315 for important information
on towing a trailer, towing safety rules,
and trailering tips.
Example 1
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for Example 1 =
Subtract
Occupant Weight
150 lbs (68 kg) × 2 =
Available Occupant
and Cargo Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
300 lbs (136 kg)
700 lbs (317 kg)
309
Example 2
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for Example 2 =
Subtract
Occupant Weight
150 lbs (68 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Example 3
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
Item
A
750 lbs (340 kg)
B
250 lbs (113 kg)
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for
Example 3 =
Subtract
Occupant Weight
200 lbs (91 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s Tire and Loading Information
label for specific information about your vehicle’s
capacity weight and seating positions. The
combined weight of the driver, passengers, and
cargo should never exceed your vehicle’s capacity
weight.
310
Certification Label
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should
spread it out. See “Steps for Determining Correct
Load Limit” earlier in this section.
{CAUTION:
A vehicle specific Certification label is attached to
the rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you
the gross weight capacity of your vehicle, called
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR).
The GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle, all
occupants, fuel, and cargo. Never exceed the
GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) for either the front or rear axle.
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
311
If you put things inside your vehicle, like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else, they will go
as fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or
turn quickly, or if there is a crash, they will
keep going.
{CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can
strike and injure people in a sudden stop
or turn, or in a crash.
• Put things in the trunk of your vehicle.
In a trunk, put them as far forward as
you can. Try to spread the weight
evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like
suitcases, inside the vehicle so that
some of them are above the tops of
the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child
restraint in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
312
Automatic Level Control
This feature keeps the rear of your vehicle level
as the load changes. It is automatic, you do
not need to adjust anything. This type of level
control is fully automatic and will provide a better
leveled riding position as well as better handling
under a variety of passenger and loading
conditions. An air compressor connected to the
rear shocks will raise or lower the rear of the
vehicle to maintain proper vehicle height.
The system is activated when the ignition key is
turned to RUN and will automatically adjust vehicle
height thereafter. The system may exhaust
(lower vehicle height) for up to ten minutes after
the ignition key has been turned to OFF. You may
also hear the air compressor operating when
the height is being adjusted.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing
service if you need to have your disabled vehicle
towed. See Roadside Assistance Program on
page 466.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another
vehicle for recreational purposes (such as behind
a motorhome), see “Recreational Vehicle
Towing” following.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your
vehicle behind another vehicle — such as behind a
motorhome. The two most common types of
recreational vehicle towing are known as “dinghy
towing” (towing your vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground) and “dolly towing” (towing
your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
two wheels up on a device known as a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See
“Dinghy Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
Here are some important things to consider before
you do recreational vehicle towing:
• What is the towing capacity of the towing
vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations.
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they
can tow.
• Do you have the proper towing equipment?
See your dealer or trailering professional
for additional advice and equipment
recommendations.
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as
you would prepare your vehicle for a long
trip, you will want to make sure your vehicle is
prepared to be towed. See Before Leaving
on a Long Trip on page 298.
313
Dinghy Towing
Dolly Towing
Notice: If you tow your vehicle with all
four wheels on the ground, the drivetrain
components could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Do not tow your vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground.
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with
all four wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must
be towed, you should use a dolly. See “Dolly
Towing” that follows for more information.
Your vehicle can be towed using a dolly. To tow
your vehicle using a dolly, follow these steps:
1. Put the front wheels on the dolly.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
position.
5. Release the parking brake.
314
Towing a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment
and drive properly, you can lose control
when you pull a trailer. For example, if the
trailer is too heavy, the brakes may not
work well — or even at all. You and your
passengers could be seriously injured.
You may also damage your vehicle; the
resulting repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Pull a trailer only if you
have followed all the steps in this section.
Ask your dealer for advice and
information about towing a trailer with
your vehicle.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with
the proper trailer towing equipment. To identify the
trailering capacity of your vehicle, you should read
the information in “Weight of the Trailer” that
appears later in this section. Trailering is different
than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering
means changes in handling, acceleration, braking,
durability and fuel economy. Successful, safe
trailering takes correct equipment, and it has to be
used properly.
That is the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety
rules. Many of these are important for your safety
and that of your passengers. So please read
this section carefully before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine,
transaxle, wheel assemblies and tires are forced to
work harder against the drag of the added weight.
The engine is required to operate at relatively
higher speeds and under greater loads, generating
extra heat. Also, the trailer adds considerably to
wind resistance, increasing the pulling
requirements.
315
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed
limit restrictions, having to do with trailering.
Make sure your rig will be legal, not only where
you live but also where you will be driving.
A good source for this information can be state
or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. You can ask a
hitch dealer about sway controls.
• Do not tow a trailer at all during the first
1,000 miles (1 600 km) your new vehicle
is driven. Your engine, axle or other parts
could be damaged.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that
you tow a trailer, do not drive over 50 mph
(80 km/h) and do not make starts at full
throttle. This helps your engine and other parts
of your vehicle wear in at the heavier loads.
• Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a
trailer. Do not drive faster than the maximum
posted speed for trailers, or no more than
55 mph (90 km/h), to save wear on your
vehicle’s parts.
316
Three important considerations have to do
with weight:
• The weight of the trailer.
• The weight of the trailer tongue.
• The total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs
(450 kg). But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig.
For example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used
to pull a trailer are all important. It can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on your
vehicle, and the amount of tongue weight the
vehicle can carry. See “Weight of the Trailer
Tongue” later in this section for more information.
Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming
only the driver is in the tow vehicle and it has all
the required trailering equipment. The weight
of additional optional equipment, passengers and
cargo in the tow vehicle must be subtracted
form the maximum trailer weight.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering
information or advice, or you can write us at:
Buick Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33136
Detroit, MI 48232-5136
And if you tow a trailer, you must add the tongue
load to the GVW because your vehicle will be
carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 307 for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total
or gross weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle
Weight (GVW) includes the curb weight of the
vehicle, any cargo you may carry in it, and
the people who will be riding in the vehicle. If you
have a lot of options, equipment, passengers,
or cargo in your vehicle, it will reduce the tongue
weight your vehicle can carry, which will also
reduce the trailer weight your vehicle can tow.
If you are using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 to 15 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you have loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer
and then the tongue, separately, to see if the
weights are proper. If they are not, you may be
able to get them right simply by moving some
items around in the trailer.
317
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Safety Chains
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You will find these numbers on
the Tire-Loading Information label. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 307. Then be sure you do not
go over the GVW limit for your vehicle, including the
weight of the trailer tongue.
You should always attach chains between your
vehicle and your trailer. Cross the safety
chains under the tongue of the trailer so that the
tongue will not drop to the road if it becomes
separated from the hitch. Instructions about safety
chains may be provided by the hitch manufacturer
or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the
bumper. Always leave just enough slack so you
can turn with your rig. And, never allow safety
chains to drag on the ground.
Hitches
It is important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough
roads are a few reasons why you will need the
right hitch. Here are some rules to follow:
• The rear bumper on your vehicle is not
intended for hitches. Do not attach rental
hitches or other bumper-type hitches to it.
Use only a frame-mounted hitch that does not
attach to the bumper.
• Will you have to make any holes in the body
of your vehicle when you install a trailer
hitch? If you do, then be sure to seal the holes
later when you remove the hitch. If you do
not seal them, deadly carbon monoxide (CO)
from your exhaust can get into your vehicle.
See Engine Exhaust on page 127. Dirt
and water can also enter the vehicle.
318
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own brakes? Be sure to
read and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes so you will be able to install, adjust and
maintain them properly.
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to
tap into your vehicle’s brake system. If you do,
both brake systems will not work well, or at all.
Trailer Wiring Harness
All of the electrical circuits required for your trailer
lighting system can be accessed at the driver’s
side rear lamp connector. This connector is located
under the carpet on the rear corner of the trunk
compartment.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of
experience. Before setting out for the open road,
you will want to get to know your rig. Acquaint
yourself with the feel of handling and braking with
the added weight of the trailer. And always
keep in mind that the vehicle you are driving is
now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure
that the load is secure, and that the lamps and any
trailer brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead
as you would when driving your vehicle without
a trailer. This can help you avoid situations
that require heavy braking and sudden turns.
Passing
You will need more passing distance up ahead
when you are towing a trailer. And, because
the vehicle is a good deal longer, you will need to
go much farther beyond the passed vehicle
before you can return to your lane.
Before you start, check all trailer hitch parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer
has electric brakes, start your vehicle and
trailer moving and then apply the trailer brake
controller by hand to be sure the brakes are
working. This lets you check your electrical
connection at the same time.
319
Backing Up
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with
one hand. Then, to move the trailer to the left,
just move that hand to the left. To move the
trailer to the right, move your hand to the right.
Always back up slowly and, if possible, have
someone guide you.
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring.
Check with your dealer. The arrows on your
instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a
turn or lane change. Properly hooked up, the
trailer lamps will also flash, telling other drivers you
are about to turn, change lanes or stop.
Making Turns
Notice: Making very sharp turns while
trailering could cause the trailer to come in
contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could be
damaged. Avoid making very sharp turns
while trailering.
When you are turning with a trailer, make wider
turns than normal. Do this so your trailer will
not strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees
or other objects. Avoid jerky or sudden
maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
320
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs
on the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think
drivers behind you are seeing your signal when
they are not. It is important to check occasionally to
be sure the trailer bulbs are still working.
Your vehicle has bulb warning lights. When you
plug a trailer lighting system into your vehicle’s
lighting system, its bulb warning lights may not
let you know if one of your lamps goes out.
So, when you have a trailer lighting system
plugged in, be sure to check your vehicle and
trailer lamps from time to time to be sure they are
all working. Once you disconnect the trailer
lamps, the bulb warning lights again can tell you if
one of your vehicle lamps is out.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before
you start down a long or steep downgrade. If you
do not shift down, you might have to use your
brakes so much that they would get hot and
no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down to THIRD (3)
and reduce your speed to around 45 mph
(70 km/h) to reduce the possibility of engine and
transaxle overheating.
Parking on Hills
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here
is how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but do not shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release
the regular brakes until the chocks absorb
the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your
vehicle, with a trailer attached, on a hill.
If something goes wrong, your rig could
start to move. People can be injured, and
both your vehicle and the trailer can be
damaged.
321
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal
down while you:
• Start your engine.
• Shift into a gear.
• Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of
the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store
the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when
you’re pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance
Schedule for more on this. Things that are
especially important in trailer operation are
automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill), engine oil,
drive belt, cooling system and brake system.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the
Index will help you find them quickly. If you’re
trailering, it’s a good idea to review this information
before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and
bolts are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat
during severe operating conditions. See Engine
Overheating on page 351.
322
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ........................................................ 325
Accessories and Modifications ................... 325
California Proposition 65 Warning .............. 326
Doing Your Own Service Work .................. 326
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle .......................................... 327
Fuel ............................................................. 327
Gasoline Octane ........................................ 327
Gasoline Specifications .............................. 328
California Fuel ........................................... 328
Additives ................................................... 328
Fuels in Foreign Countries ........................ 329
Filling the Tank ......................................... 330
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ............... 332
Checking Things Under the Hood .............. 332
Hood Release ........................................... 333
Engine Compartment Overview .................. 334
Engine Oil ................................................. 337
Engine Oil Life System .............................. 340
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ............................ 342
Automatic Transaxle Fluid ......................... 343
Engine Coolant .......................................... 347
Radiator Pressure Cap .............................. 351
Engine Overheating ................................... 351
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode ..................................... 353
Cooling System (3.8L V6 Engine) .............. 354
Cooling System (4.6L V8 Engine) .............. 360
Power Steering Fluid ................................. 364
Windshield Washer Fluid ........................... 365
Brakes ...................................................... 367
Battery ...................................................... 370
Jump Starting ............................................ 372
Headlamp Aiming ........................................ 377
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 380
Halogen Bulbs ........................................... 380
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Sidemarker Lamps ................................. 380
Taillamps and Back-Up Lamps .................. 382
License Plate Lamp ................................... 383
Replacement Bulbs ................................... 383
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ....... 383
Tires ............................................................ 385
Tire Sidewall Labeling ............................... 386
Tire Terminology and Definitions ............... 389
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................. 392
Tire Pressure Monitor System ................... 393
323
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...................... 398
When It Is Time for New Tires .................. 400
Buying New Tires ...................................... 400
Different Size Tires and Wheels ................ 402
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..................... 402
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ............ 404
Wheel Replacement .................................. 404
Tire Chains ............................................... 406
If a Tire Goes Flat .................................... 407
Changing a Flat Tire ................................. 408
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools .......... 409
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire ......................... 410
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ...... 416
Compact Spare Tire .................................. 418
Appearance Care ........................................ 418
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .......... 418
Fabric/Carpet ............................................. 420
Leather ...................................................... 421
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and
Other Plastic Surfaces ........................... 421
Care of Safety Belts .................................. 422
Weatherstrips ............................................ 422
324
Washing Your Vehicle ............................... 422
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ................ 422
Finish Care ............................................... 423
Windshield and Wiper Blades .................... 423
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ......... 424
Tires ......................................................... 424
Sheet Metal Damage ................................. 425
Finish Damage .......................................... 425
Underbody Maintenance ............................ 425
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................ 425
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ............ 426
Vehicle Identification .................................. 427
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ........... 427
Service Parts Identification Label ............... 427
Electrical System ........................................ 428
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..................... 428
Power Windows and Other Power
Options .................................................. 428
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ....................... 428
Underhood Fuse Block .............................. 428
Rear Underseat Fuse Block ....................... 431
Capacities and Specifications .................... 436
Service
Accessories and Modifications
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with it. We hope you will go
to your dealer for all your service needs. You will
get genuine GM parts and GM-trained and
supported service people.
When you add non-GM accessories to your vehicle
they can affect your vehicle’s performance and
safety, including such things as, airbags, braking,
stability, ride and handling, emissions systems,
aerodynamics, durability, and electronic systems
like anti-lock brakes, traction control and stability
control. Some of these accessories may even
cause malfunction or damage not covered by
warranty.
We hope you will want to keep your GM
vehicle all GM. Genuine GM parts have
one of these marks:
GM Accessories are designed to complement and
function with other systems on your vehicle.
Your GM dealer can accessorize your vehicle
using genuine GM Accessories. When you go to
your GM dealer and ask for GM Accessories,
you will know that GM-trained and supported
service technicians will perform the work using
genuine GM Accessories.
325
California Proposition 65 Warning
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain
and/or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Engine exhaust, many parts and
systems (including some inside the vehicle), many
fluids, and some component wear by-products
contain and/or emit these chemicals.
Doing Your Own Service Work
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could
be damaged if you try to do service work
on a vehicle without knowing enough
about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement
parts, and tools before you attempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
CAUTION:
326
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts,
and other fasteners. English and
metric fasteners can be easily
confused. If you use the wrong
fasteners, parts can later break or fall
off. You could be hurt.
If you want to do some of your own service work,
you will want to use the proper service manual.
It tells you much more about how to service your
vehicle than this manual can. To order the
proper service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 478.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to do your own service work, see
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on
page 86.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts
and list the mileage and the date of any service
work you perform. See Maintenance Record
on page 455.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your
vehicle can affect the airflow around it. This may
cause wind noise and affect windshield washer
performance. Check with your dealer before
adding equipment to the outside of your vehicle.
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part
of the proper maintenance of your vehicle. To
help keep your engine clean and maintain optimum
vehicle performance, GM recommends the use
of gasoline advertised as TOP TIER Detergent
Gasoline.
The 8th digit of your Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) shows the code letter or number that
identifies your engine. You will find the VIN at the
top left of the instrument panel. See Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN) on page 427.
Gasoline Octane
If your vehicle has the 3.8L V6 engine (VIN
Code 2), use regular unleaded gasoline with a
posted octane rating of 87 or higher. If the octane
rating is less than 87, you may notice an audible
knocking noise when you drive, commonly referred
to as spark knock. If this occurs, use a gasoline
rated at 87 octane or higher as soon as possible.
If you are using gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher and you hear heavy knocking, your engine
needs service.
If your vehicle has the 4.6L V8 engine (VIN
Code Y), use premium unleaded gasoline with a
posted octane rating of 91 or higher. You may also
use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane
or higher, but your vehicle’s acceleration may
be slightly reduced, and you may notice a slight
audible knocking noise, commonly referred to
as spark knock. If the octane is less than 87, you
may notice a heavy knocking noise when you
drive. If this occurs, use a gasoline rated at
87 octane or higher as soon as possible.
Otherwise, you might damage your engine. If you
are using gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher
and you hear heavy knocking, your engine needs
service.
327
Gasoline Specifications
At a minimum, gasoline should meet ASTM
specification D 4814 in the United States or
CAN/CGSB-3.5 in Canada. Some gasolines may
contain an octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT). General Motors recommends against the
use of gasolines containing MMT. See Additives
on page 328 for additional information.
California Fuel
If your vehicle is certified to meet California
Emissions Standards, it is designed to operate on
fuels that meet California specifications. See
the underhood emission control label. If this fuel is
not available in states adopting California
emissions standards, your vehicle will operate
satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction
indicator lamp may turn on and your vehicle may
fail a smog-check test. See Malfunction Indicator
Lamp on page 206. If this occurs, return to
your authorized GM dealer for diagnosis.
328
If it is determined that the condition is caused by
the type of fuel used, repairs may not be
covered by your warranty.
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United
States are now required to contain additives
that will help prevent engine and fuel system
deposits from forming, allowing your emission
control system to work properly. In most cases,
you should not have to add anything to your fuel.
However, some gasolines contain only the
minimum amount of additive required to meet
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations.
To help keep fuel injectors and intake valves
clean, or if your vehicle experiences problems due
to dirty injectors or valves, look for gasoline that
is advertised as TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline.
Also, your dealer has additives that will help
correct and prevent most deposit-related problems.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers
and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may
be available in your area. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines if they
comply with the specifications described earlier.
However, E85 (85% ethanol) and other fuels
containing more than 10% ethanol must not be
used in vehicles that were not designed for
those fuels.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for
fuel that contains methanol. Do not use
fuel containing methanol. It can corrode metal
parts in your fuel system and also damage
the plastic and rubber parts. That damage
would not be covered under your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing
additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the attendant where you
buy gasoline whether the fuel contains MMT.
General Motors recommends against the use of
such gasolines. Fuels containing MMT can reduce
the life of spark plugs and the performance of
the emission control system may be affected. The
malfunction indicator lamp may turn on. If this
occurs, return to your dealer for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside
the United States or Canada, the proper fuel may
be hard to find. Never use leaded gasoline or
any other fuel not recommended in the previous
text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of
improper fuel would not be covered by your
warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business
in the country where you will be driving.
329
Filling the Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire
can cause bad injuries. To help avoid
injuries to you and others, read and follow
all the instructions on the pump island.
Turn off your engine when you are
refueling. Do not smoke if you are near
fuel or refueling your vehicle. Keep
sparks, flames, and smoking materials
away from fuel. Do not leave the fuel
pump unattended when refueling your
vehicle. This is against the law in some
places. Keep children away from the fuel
pump; never let children pump fuel.
The tethered fuel cap is located behind a hinged
fuel door on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
To open the fuel door, apply pressure in the center
of the rear edge of the fuel door and it will pop open.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in
it; if the cap is released too soon, it will spring back
to the right.
While refueling, hang the tethered fuel cap from
the hook on the fuel door.
330
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned. Fuel
can spray out on you if you open the fuel
cap too quickly. This spray can happen if
your tank is nearly full, and is more likely
in hot weather. Open the fuel cap slowly
and wait for any hiss noise to stop. Then
unscrew the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or overfill
the tank and wait a few seconds after you have
finished pumping before removing the nozzle.
Clean fuel from painted surfaces as soon
as possible. See Washing Your Vehicle on
page 422.
When replacing the fuel cap, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until it clicks. Make sure the cap is fully
installed. The diagnostic system can determine
if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into
the atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator
Lamp on page 206.
The vehicle has a Driver Information Center (DIC),
the TIGHTEN GAS CAP message will be
displayed if the fuel cap is not properly installed.
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do
not remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of
fuel by shutting off the pump or by
notifying the station attendant. Leave the
area immediately.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to
get the right type. Your dealer can get one
for you. If you get the wrong type, it may not
fit properly. This may cause your malfunction
indicator lamp to light and may damage
your fuel tank and emissions system. See
Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 206.
331
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it
is in your vehicle. Static electricity
discharge from the container can ignite the
gasoline vapor. You can be badly burned
and your vehicle damaged if this occurs.
To help avoid injury to you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup
bed, or on any surface other than the
ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before
operating the nozzle. Contact should
be maintained until the filling is
complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
332
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing, and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine
parts and start a fire. These include
liquids like fuel, oil, coolant, brake fluid,
windshield washer and other fluids, and
plastic or rubber. You or others could be
burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the hood
release handle
inside the vehicle. It
is located next to the
parking brake pedal
near the floor.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and pull
the secondary hood release to the right. The
hood latch is located under the hood, near
the center, at the front edge of the grille.
3. Hold the latch to the right as you lift up
on the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler
caps are on properly. Then just pull the
hood down and close it firmly.
333
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the 3.8L V6 engine, here is what you will see:
334
A. Radiator Pressure Cap. See Radiator Pressure
Cap on page 351.
B. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See
“Adding Washer Fluid” under Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 365.
C. Remote Positive (+) Battery Terminal. See
Jump Starting on page 372.
D. Underhood Fuse Block. See Underhood Fuse
Block on page 428.
E. Engine Coolant Recovery Tank. See Index.
F. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir (Out of View).
See Power Steering Fluid on page 364.
G. Electric Engine Cooling Fans. See Index.
H. Engine Oil Dipstick (Out of View). See
“Checking Engine Oil” under Engine Oil on
page 337.
I. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine
Oil” under Engine Oil on page 337.
J. Automatic Transaxle Fluid Dipstick. See
“Checking the Fluid Level” under Automatic
Transaxle Fluid on page 343.
K. Brake Fluid Reservoir. See “Brake Fluid” under
Brakes on page 367.
L. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 342.
335
When you open the hood on the 4.6L V8 engine, here is what you will see:
336
A. Underhood Fuse Block. See Underhood Fuse
Block on page 428.
B. Remote Positive (+) Battery Terminal. See
Jump Starting on page 372.
C. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See
“Adding Washer Fluid” under Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 365.
D. Engine Coolant Surge Tank. See Index.
E. Power Steering Fluid. See Power Steering
Fluid on page 364.
F. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine
Oil” under Engine Oil on page 337.
G. Engine Oil Dipstick. See “Checking Engine Oil”
under Engine Oil on page 337.
H. Brake Master Cylinder. See “Brake Fluid” under
Brakes on page 367.
I. Automatic Transaxle Fluid Cap and Dipstick
(Out of View). See Automatic Transaxle
Fluid on page 343.
J. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 342.
Engine Oil
If the OIL LEVEL LOW ADD OIL message
appears in the Driver Information Center (DIC), it
means you need to check the engine oil level
right away. For more information, see DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 221. You should
check the engine oil level regularly; this is an
added reminder.
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check the engine oil every time
you get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading,
the oil must be warm and the vehicle must be
on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 334
for the location of the engine oil dipstick.
1. Turn off the engine and give the oil several
minutes to drain back into the oil pan. If you
do not do this, the oil dipstick might not
show the actual level.
2. Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper
towel or cloth, then push it back in all the
way. Remove it again, keeping the tip down,
and check the level.
337
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is below the cross-hatched area at the tip
of the dipstick, you will need to add at least one
quart/liter of oil. But you must use the right
kind. This section explains what kind of oil to use.
For engine oil crankcase capacity, see Capacities
and Specifications on page 436.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If the engine
has so much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, the engine could be damaged.
3.8L V6 Engine
4.6L V8 Engine
338
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 334 for the
location of the engine oil
fill cap.
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level
somewhere in the proper operating range in the
cross-hatched area. Push the dipstick all the
way back in when you are through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other
viscosity oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should
also have the starburst
symbol on the
container. This symbol
indicates that the oil
has been certified by the
American Petroleum
Institute (API).
Look for two things:
• GM6094M
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting GM
Standard GM6094M. You should look for
and use only an oil that meets GM Standard
GM6094M.
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is
best for your vehicle.
You should look for this information on the oil
container, and use only those oils that are identified
as meeting GM Standard GM6094M and have the
starburst symbol on the front of the oil container.
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as
meeting GM Standard GM6094M and showing
the American Petroleum Institute Certified
For Gasoline Engines starburst symbol. Failure
to use the recommended oil can result in
engine damage not covered by your warranty.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements
for your vehicle.
339
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will
provide easier cold starting and better protection
for the engine at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to the oil. The recommended
oils with the starburst symbol that meet GM
Standard GM6094M are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
Engine Oil Life System
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you
know when to change the engine oil and filter.
This is based on engine revolutions and engine
temperature, and not on mileage. Based on driving
conditions, the mileage at which an oil change
will be indicated can vary considerably. For the oil
life system to work properly, you must reset the
system every time the oil is changed.
340
When the system has calculated that oil life has
been diminished, it will indicate that an oil change
is necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
message will come on. See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 221. Change your oil as
soon as possible within the next 600 miles
(1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are driving
under the best conditions, the oil life system may
not indicate that an oil change is necessary for
over a year. However, your engine oil and
filter must be changed at least once a year and at
this time the system must be reset. Your dealer
has GM-trained service people who will perform
this work using genuine GM parts and reset
the system. It is also important to check your oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must
change your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km)
since your last oil change. Remember to reset the
oil life system whenever the oil is changed.
How to Reset the Engine Oil Life
System
The Engine Oil Life System calculates when to
change your engine oil and filter based on vehicle
use. Anytime your oil is changed, reset the
system so it can calculate when the next oil
change is required. If a situation occurs where you
change your oil prior to a CHANGE ENGINE
OIL SOON message being turned on, reset the
system.
Always reset the engine oil life to 100% after
every oil change. It will not reset itself. To reset
the Engine Oil Life System, do the following:
1. Display the OIL LIFE REMAINING on the DIC.
2. Press and hold the SET/RESET button on
the DIC for more than five seconds. The oil
life will change to 100%.
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
comes back on when you start your vehicle, the
Engine Oil Life System has not reset. Repeat
the procedure.
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that
may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer. Do not let used oil stay on
your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails
with soap and water, or a good hand cleaner.
Wash or properly dispose of clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil
products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from
the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by
putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used
oil. If you have a problem properly disposing of
used oil, ask your dealer, a service station, or a
local recycling center for help.
341
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
To inspect or replace the filter, do the following:
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 334
for the location of the engine air cleaner/filter.
When to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at the Maintenance II
intervals and replace it at the first oil change
after each 50,000 mile (83 000 km) interval. See
Scheduled Maintenance on page 442 for more
information. If you are driving in dusty/dirty
conditions, inspect the filter at each engine oil
change.
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the filter
from the vehicle and lightly shake the filter to
release loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains
caked with dirt, a new filter is required.
1. Loosen and remove the two screws on the
top of the engine air cleaner/filter cover.
2. Lift up the outboard side of the cover at an
angle while pulling toward you. This is
necessary due to the two hinges located on
the inboard side of the cover.
3. Remove the engine air cleaner/filter element
and any loose debris that may be found in the
air cleaner base.
4. Inspect or replace the air filter element.
342
Follow these steps to reinstall the cover to the
engine air cleaner/filter housing:
1. Align the two hinges located on the inboard
side of the cover.
2. Push the cover slightly down and towards the
engine to engage the tabs in the hinges and
align the two screws.
3. Tighten the two screws on the top of the
engine air cleaner/filter housing cover.
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/
filter off can cause you or others to be
burned. The air cleaner not only cleans the
air; it helps to stop flames if the engine
backfires. If it is not there and the engine
backfires, you could be burned. Do not
drive with it off, and be careful working on
the engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire
can cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt
can easily get into your engine, which will
damage it. Always have the air cleaner/filter in
place when you are driving.
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
When to Check and Change Automatic
Transaxle Fluid
A good time to check your automatic transaxle
fluid level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change the fluid and filter at the intervals listed in
Scheduled Maintenance on page 442, and be
sure to use the transaxle fluid listed in
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 452.
343
How to Check Automatic Transaxle
Fluid (3.8L Engine)
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at
normal operating temperature, which is
180°F to 200°F (82°C to 93°C).
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you
may choose to have this done at the dealership
service department.
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about
15 miles (24 km) when outside temperatures are
above 50°F (10°C). If it is colder than 50°F (10°C),
you may have to drive longer.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading
on the dipstick.
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can
damage the transaxle. Too much can mean that
some of the fluid could come out and fall on hot
engine or exhaust system parts, starting a fire.
Too little fluid could cause the transaxle to
overheat. Be sure to get an accurate reading if
you check the transaxle fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the
transaxle fluid level if you have been driving:
• When outside temperatures are above
90°F (32°C).
• At high speed for quite a while.
• In heavy traffic — especially in hot weather.
• While pulling a trailer.
344
Checking the Fluid Level
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
1. Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
2. With the parking brake applied, place the shift
lever in PARK (P).
3. With your foot on the brake pedal, move the
shift lever through each gear range, pausing
for about three seconds in each range.
Then, position the shift lever in PARK (P).
4. Let the engine run at idle for three to
five minutes.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow
these steps:
For the 3.8L V6 engine
the transaxle fluid
dipstick top is a round
loop with this symbol.
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 334 for more
information on location.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean
rag or paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds
and then pull it back out again.
3.8L V6 Engine
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range,
push the dipstick back in all the way.
345
How to Add Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of transaxle fluid to use. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 452.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the
proper fluid to bring the level into the
cross-hatched area on the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at
the dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It does not take much fluid, generally less
than one pint (0.5 L). Do not overfill.
Notice: Use of the incorrect automatic
transaxle fluid may damage your vehicle, and
the damages may not be covered by your
warranty. Always use the automatic transaxle
fluid listed in Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 452.
346
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check Automatic
Transaxle Fluid,” earlier in this section.
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push
the dipstick back in all the way.
How to Check Automatic Transaxle
Fluid (4.6L Engine)
For the 4.6L V8 engine, it is not necessary to check
the transaxle fluid level. A transaxle fluid leak is the
only reason for fluid loss. If a leak occurs, take your
vehicle to the dealership service department and
have it repaired as soon as possible.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is
designed to remain in your vehicle for five years or
150,000 miles (240 000 km), whichever occurs
first, if you add only DEX-COOL® extended
life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and
how to add coolant when it is low. If you have
a problem with engine overheating, see Engine
Overheating on page 351.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
• Give freezing protection down to
−34°F (−37°C).
• Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
• Protect against rust and corrosion.
• Help keep the proper engine temperature.
• Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core,
or radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant may require changing sooner, at
the first maintenance service after each
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your
vehicle.
347
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water
and one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which will
not damage aluminum parts. If you use this coolant
mixture, you do not need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
348
Notice: If you use an improper coolant
mixture, your engine could overheat and be
badly damaged. The repair cost would not be
covered by your warranty. Too much water
in the mixture can freeze and crack the engine,
radiator, heater core, and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a
year, have your dealer check your cooling
system.
Notice: If you use extra inhibitors and/or
additives in your vehicle’s cooling system, you
could damage your vehicle. Use only the
proper mixture of the engine coolant listed in
this manual for the cooling system. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 452 for more information.
Checking Coolant (3.8L V6 Engine)
This symbol is located
on the cap of the engine
coolant recovery tank.
The engine coolant recovery tank is located in the
engine compartment on the passenger’s side of
the vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 334 for more information on location.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When
your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
FULL COLD or a little higher. When your engine
is warm, the level should raise.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture at the coolant
recovery tank, but be careful not to spill it.
{CAUTION:
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn
you badly. With the coolant recovery tank,
you will almost never have to add coolant
at the radiator. Never turn the radiator
pressure cap — even a little — when
the engine and radiator are hot.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene
glycol, and it will burn if the engine parts
are hot enough. Do not spill coolant on a
hot engine.
Occasionally check the coolant level in the radiator.
For information on how to add coolant to the
radiator, see Index. When replacing the pressure
cap, make sure to turn cap until it clicks.
349
Checking Coolant (4.6L V8 Engine)
The engine coolant
surge tank is located
toward the rear of
the engine compartment
on the passenger’s
side of the vehicle.
For more information on location, see Engine
Compartment Overview on page 334.
350
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when
the engine and radiator are hot can allow
steam and scalding liquids to blow out
and burn you badly. Never turn the surge
tank pressure cap — even a little — when
the engine and radiator are hot.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When
your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
the FULL COLD mark, located on the side of
the surge tank that faces the engine.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture at the coolant surge
tank, but only when the engine is cool.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol, and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
Occasionally check the coolant level in the
radiator. For information on how to add coolant to
the radiator, see Index. When replacing the
pressure cap, make sure to turn cap until it clicks.
Radiator Pressure Cap
Notice: The radiator cap on your vehicle is a
pressure-type cap and must be tightly
installed to prevent coolant loss and possible
engine damage from overheating. Be sure
the arrows on the cap line up with the overflow
tube on the radiator filler neck.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 334
for more information on location.
Engine Overheating
You will find a warning light about a hot engine as
well as an engine coolant temperature gage on
your vehicle’s instrument panel cluster.
351
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can
burn you badly, even if you just open the
hood. Stay away from the engine if you
see or hear steam coming from it. Turn it
off and get everyone away from the
vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant
before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when the vehicles
engine is overheated, the liquids in it can
catch fire. You or others could be badly
burned. Stop your engine if it overheats,
and get out of the vehicle until the engine
is cool.
See Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode on page 353 for
information on driving to a safe place in
an emergency.
352
Notice: If your engine catches fire because
you keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle
can be badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. See
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode
on page 353 for information on driving to a
safe place in an emergency.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or
hear no steam, the problem may not be too
serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little too
hot when you:
• Climb a long hill on a hot day.
• Stop after high-speed driving.
• Idle for long periods in traffic.
• Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of
steam, try this for a minute or so:
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in
NEUTRAL (N) while stopped. If it is safe to do
so, pull off the road, shift to PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) and let the engine idle.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest
fan speed and open the windows as
necessary.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for
about 10 minutes. If the warning does not come
back on, you can drive normally.
If the warning continues and you have not
stopped, pull over, stop, and park your vehicle
right away.
If there is still no sign of steam, you can idle the
engine for three minutes while you are parked.
If you still have the warning, turn off the engine
and get everyone out of the vehicle until it
cools down.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
If an overheated engine condition exists and the
message ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE
is displayed, an overheat protection mode which
alternates firing groups of cylinders helps
prevent engine damage. In this mode, you will
notice a loss in power and engine performance.
This operating mode allows your vehicle to
be driven to a safe place in an emergency. Driving
extended miles (km) and/or towing a trailer in
the overheat protection mode should be avoided.
Notice: After driving in the overheated
engine protection operating mode, to avoid
engine damage, allow the engine to cool before
attempting any repair. The engine oil will be
severely degraded. Repair the cause of coolant
loss, change the oil and reset the oil life
system. See Engine Oil on page 337.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get
service help right away.
353
Cooling System (3.8L V6 Engine)
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is
what you will see:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the
hood can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing, and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is
boiling, do not do anything else until it cools down.
The vehicle should be parked on a level surface.
A. Radiator Pressure Cap
B. Coolant Recovery Tank
C. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
354
The coolant level should be at or above the
FULL COLD mark when the engine is cold. The
coolant level should be above the FULL COLD
mark under normal operating conditions. If it is not,
you may have a leak at the pressure cap or in
the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water
pump or somewhere else in the cooling system.
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other
engine parts, can be very hot. Do not
touch them. If you do, you can be burned.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If
you run the engine, it could lose all
coolant. That could cause an engine fire,
and you could be burned. Get any leak
fixed before you drive the vehicle.
Notice: Engine damage from running your
engine without coolant is not covered by your
warranty.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core,
or radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant could require changing sooner, at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your
vehicle.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on,
check to see if the electric engine cooling fans
are running. If the engine is overheating, both fans
should be running. If they are not, your vehicle
needs service.
355
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and
crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts. Use the recommended coolant and
the proper coolant mixture.
If you have not found a problem yet, but the
coolant level is not at the FULL COLD mark, add
a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® engine coolant at the coolant
recovery tank. See Engine Coolant on page 347
for more information.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is
at the FULL COLD mark, start your vehicle.
356
If the overheat warning continues, there is one
more thing you can try. You can add the proper
coolant mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure
the cooling system is cool before you do it.
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot
cooling system can blow out and burn
you badly. They are under pressure, and if
you turn the radiator pressure cap — even
a little — they can come out at high
speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator
pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling
system and radiator pressure cap to cool
if you ever have to turn the pressure cap.
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap
when the cooling system, including the
radiator pressure cap and upper radiator hose,
is no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap
slowly counterclockwise.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss
means there is still some pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap. Remove
the pressure cap.
357
3. Remove the 3800 Series II V6 engine cover
shield to access the bleed valve.
3.1. Clean the area around the engine oil fill
tube and cap before removing. Twist
the oil fill tube, with cap attached,
counterclockwise and remove it.
3.2. Lift the engine cover shield at the front,
slide the catch tab out of the engine
bracket and remove the cover shield.
3.3. Put the oil fill tube, with cap attached, in
the valve cover oil fill hole until you are
ready to replace the cover shield.
358
4. After the engine
cools, open the
coolant air bleed
valve. There is one
bleed valve. It is
located on the
thermostat housing.
5. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler
neck. See Engine Coolant on page 347
for more information about the proper coolant
mixture.
If you see a stream of coolant coming from an
air bleed valve, close the valve. Otherwise,
close the valve after the radiator is filled.
6. Rinse or wipe any spilled coolant from the
engine and the compartment.
7. Replace the 3800 Series II V6 engine cover
shield.
7.1. Remove the oil fill tube, with cap
attached, from the valve cover.
7.2. Insert the catch tab on the cover shield
under the bracket on the engine.
7.3. Place the hole in the cover shield over
the hole in the valve cover. Install oil fill
tube and cap by twisting clockwise.
8. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the
FULL COLD mark.
9. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank,
but leave the radiator pressure cap off.
10. Start the engine and let it run until you can
feel the upper radiator hose getting hot.
Watch out for the engine cooling fans.
11. By this time, the coolant level inside the
radiator filler neck may be lower. If the level is
lower, add more of the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture through the filler neck until the
level reaches the base of the filler neck.
12. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time
during this procedure if coolant begins to flow
out of the filler neck, reinstall the pressure
cap. Be sure the arrow on the pressure
cap lines up properly.
359
Cooling System (4.6L V8 Engine)
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is
what you will see:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the
hood can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing, and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
360
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is
boiling, do not do anything else until it cools down.
The vehicle should be parked on a level surface.
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other
engine parts, can be very hot. Do not
touch them. If you do, you can be burned.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If
you run the engine, it could lose all
coolant. That could cause an engine fire,
and you could be burned. Get any leak
fixed before you drive the vehicle.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on,
check to see if the electric engine cooling fans
are running. If the engine is overheating, both fans
should be running. If they are not, your vehicle
needs service.
Notice: Engine damage from running your
engine without coolant is not covered by your
warranty. See Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode on page 353 for information on
driving to a safe place in an emergency.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core,
or radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant could require changing sooner, at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your
vehicle.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you have not found a problem yet, check to see
if coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant
is visible but the level is not at the FULL COLD
mark located on the side of the surge tank,
add enough of a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and DEX-COOL® coolant at the coolant
surge tank to bring the level to the FULL COLD
mark, but be sure the cooling system, including the
coolant surge tank pressure cap (if equipped), is
cool before you do it. See Engine Coolant on
page 347 for more information.
361
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add
coolant as follows:
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot
cooling system can blow out and burn
you badly. They are under pressure, and if
you turn the coolant surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — they can come out at
high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap, is hot. Wait for
the cooling system and coolant surge
tank pressure cap to cool if you ever have
to turn the pressure cap.
362
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and
crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts. Use the recommended coolant and
the proper coolant mixture.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
You can remove the coolant surge tank pressure
cap when the cooling system, including the
coolant surge tank pressure cap and upper
radiator hose, is no longer hot.
1. Turn the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise. If you hear a hiss, wait for
that to stop. A hiss means there is still
some pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the cap and remove it.
363
3. Fill the coolant
surge tank with the
proper mixture
to the FULL COLD
mark on the
side of the coolant
surge tank.
4. With the coolant surge tank cap off, start the
engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for
the engine cooling fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the
coolant surge tank may be lower. If the level
is lower, add more of the proper mixture
to the coolant surge tank until the level
reaches the FULL COLD mark on the side of
the coolant surge tank.
5. Then replace the cap. Be sure the cap is
hand-tight and fully seated.
364
Power Steering Fluid
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 334 for
information on the
location of the power
steering fluid reservoir.
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power
steering fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in
the system or you hear an unusual noise. A
fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
What to Use
To check the power steering fluid, do the following:
1. Turn the key off and let the engine
compartment cool down.
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 452.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the
proper fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses
and seals.
2. Wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir
clean.
3. Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a
clean rag.
4. Replace the cap and completely tighten it.
Windshield Washer Fluid
5. Remove the cap again and look at the
fluid level on the dipstick.
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure
to read the manufacturer’s instructions before
use. If you will be operating your vehicle in an area
where the temperature may fall below freezing,
use a fluid that has sufficient protection against
freezing.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level
up to the mark.
What to Use
365
Adding Washer Fluid
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid
until the tank is full. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 334
for reservoir location.
366
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions
for adding water.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to
freeze and damage your washer fluid tank
and other parts of the washer system.
Also, water does not clean as well
as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it is very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing
occurs, which could damage the tank if it
is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master
cylinder reservoir is
filled with DOT-3 brake
fluid. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 334 for the
location of the reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid
level in the reservoir might go down. The first
is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptable
level during normal brake lining wear. When
new linings are put in, the fluid level goes back
up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out of
the brake system. If it is, you should have your
brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later your brakes will not work well, or
will not work at all.
So, it is not a good idea to top off your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you
add fluid when your linings are worn, then you will
have too much fluid when you get new brake
linings. You should add or remove brake fluid, as
necessary, only when work is done on the
brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle has too much brake fluid, it
can spill on the engine. The fluid will burn
if the engine is hot enough. You or others
could be burned, and your vehicle could
be damaged. Add brake fluid only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic
system.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your
brake warning light will come on. See Brake
System Warning Light on page 201.
367
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3
brake fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 452.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the
area around the cap before removing it. This
will help keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in the brake
system, the brakes may not work well, or
they may not even work at all. This could
cause a crash. Always use the proper
brake fluid.
368
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just a
few drops of mineral-based oil, such
as engine oil, in the brake system can
damage brake system parts so badly that
they will have to be replaced. Do not
let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can
be damaged. Be careful not to spill brake
fluid on your vehicle. If you do, wash it
off immediately. See Washing Your Vehicle
on page 422.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that
make a high-pitched warning sound when the
brake pads are worn and new pads are needed.
The sound may come and go or be heard all
the time your vehicle is moving, except when you
are pushing on the brake pedal firmly.
{CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon the brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear
the brake wear warning sound, have your
vehicle serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out
brake pads could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause
a brake squeal when the brakes are first applied or
lightly applied. This does not mean something is
wrong with your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated,
inspect brake pads for wear and evenly tighten
wheel nuts in the proper sequence to GM torque
specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as
complete axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return
to normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without
the vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
369
Replacing Brake System Parts
Battery
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good
braking. Your vehicle was designed and tested
with top-quality GM brake parts. When you replace
parts of your braking system — for example,
when your brake linings wear down and you need
new ones put in — be sure you get new
approved GM replacement parts. If you do not,
your brakes may no longer work properly.
For example, if someone puts in brake linings that
are wrong for your vehicle, the balance between
your front and rear brakes can change — for
the worse. The braking performance you have
come to expect can change in many other ways
if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Your vehicle has a maintenance free battery.
When it is time for a new battery, get one that has
the replacement number shown on the original
battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco®
replacement battery.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash
hands after handling.
370
The battery is located under the rear seat cushion.
To access the battery, see “Removing the Rear
Seat Cushion” under Rear Underseat Fuse
Block on page 431. You do not need to access
the battery to jump start your vehicle. See
Jump Starting on page 372.
{CAUTION:
A battery that is not properly vented can
let sulfuric acid fumes into the area under
the rear seat cushion. These fumes can
damage your rear seat safety belt
systems. You may not be able to see this
damage, and the safety belts might not
provide the protection needed in a crash.
If a replacement battery is ever needed, it
must be vented in the same manner as
the original battery. Always make sure
that the vent hose is properly reattached
before reinstalling the seat cushion.
To be sure the vent hose (A) is properly attached,
the vent hose connectors (B) must be securely
reattached to the vent outlets (C) on each side of
the battery, and the vent assembly grommet (D)
must be secured to the floor pan (E).
371
Vehicle Storage
Jump Starting
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for
25 days or more, remove the black, negative (−)
cable from the battery. This will help keep
your battery from running down.
If your vehicle’s battery has run down, you may
want to use another vehicle and some jumper
cables to start your vehicle. Be sure to use
the following steps to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and
gas that can explode. You can be badly
hurt if you are not careful. See Jump
Starting on page 372 for tips on working
around a battery without getting hurt.
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or
ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly,
some or all of these things can hurt you.
Also, for your audio system, see Theft-Deterrent
Feature on page 271.
372
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in
costly damage to your vehicle that would
not be covered by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or
pulling it will not work, and it could damage
your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a
12-volt battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a
12-volt system with a negative ground,
both vehicles can be damaged. Only use
vehicles with 12-volt systems with negative
grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper
cables can reach, but be sure the vehicles are
not touching each other. If they are, it could
cause a ground connection you do not
want. You would not be able to start your
vehicle, and the bad grounding could damage
the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling,
set the parking brake firmly on both vehicles
involved in the jump start procedure. Put
an automatic transaxle in PARK (P) or
a manual transaxle in NEUTRAL before
setting the parking brake.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other
accessories on during the jump starting
procedure, they could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Always turn off your radio and other
accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles.
Unplug unnecessary accessories plugged into
the cigarette lighter or the accessory power
outlet(s). Turn off the radio and all lamps that
are not needed. This will avoid sparks and
help save both batteries. And it could save
the radio!
373
4. Open the hood on the other vehicle and
locate the positive (+) and negative (−)
terminal locations on that vehicle.
You will not see the battery of your vehicle
under the hood. It is located under the
rear passenger’s seat. You will not need to
access the battery for jump starting. The
remote positive (+) terminal is for that purpose.
See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 334 for location.
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause
battery gas to explode. People have been
hurt doing this, and some have been
blinded. Use a flashlight if you need
more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water.
You do not need to add water to the
battery installed in your new vehicle.
CAUTION:
Access the remote positive (+) terminal by
removing the cover.
374
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
But if a battery has filler caps, be sure the
right amount of fluid is there. If it is low,
add water to take care of that first. If you
do not, explosive gas could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
you. Do not get it on you. If you
accidentally get it in your eyes or on your
skin, flush the place with water and get
medical help immediately.
{CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can
injure you badly. Keep your hands away
from moving parts once the engine is
running.
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have
loose or missing insulation. If they do, you
could get a shock. The vehicles could
be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+)
will go to positive (+) or to a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Negative (−) will go to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part or to a remote negative (−)
terminal if the vehicle has one.
Do not connect positive (+) to negative (−) or
you will get a short that would damage
the battery and maybe other parts too. And do
not connect the negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal on the dead battery
because this can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the
positive (+) terminal of the dead battery.
Use a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
7. Do not let the other end touch metal. Connect
it to the positive (+) terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
375
8. Now connect the black negative (−) cable to
the negative (−) terminal of the good battery.
Use a remote negative (−) terminal if the
vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end touch anything until
the next step. The other end of the
negative (−) cable does not go to the dead
battery. It goes to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part or to a remote negative (−)
terminal on the vehicle with the dead
battery.
9. Connect the other end of the negative (−) cable
at least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead
battery, but not near engine parts that move.
The electrical connection is just as good there,
and the chance of sparks getting back to the
battery is much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery
and run the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead
battery. If it will not start after a few tries, it
probably needs service.
376
Notice: If the jumper cables are connected or
removed in the wrong order, electrical shorting
may occur and damage the vehicle. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always
connect and remove the jumper cables in the
correct order, making sure that the cables do
not touch each other or other metal.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and
Remote Negative (−) Terminals
C. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or
Remote Negative (−) Terminal
To disconnect the jumper cables from both
vehicles, do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
5. Return the positive (+) remote terminal cover
to its original position.
Headlamp Aiming
The vehicle has a visual optical headlamp aiming
system. The aim of the headlamps have been
preset at the factory and should need no further
adjustment.
However, if the vehicle is damaged in an accident,
the aim of the headlamps may be affected and
adjustment may be necessary.
If oncoming vehicles flash their high beams at
you, this may mean the vertical aim of your
headlamps needs to be adjusted.
It is recommended that the vehicle is taken to your
dealer for service if the headlamps need to be
adjusted. It is possible however, to re-aim the
headlamps as described in the following procedure.
The vehicle should be properly prepared as
follows:
• The vehicle should be placed so the
headlamps are 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a light
colored wall.
• The vehicle must have all four tires on a level
surface which is level all the way to the wall.
• The vehicle should be placed so it is
perpendicular to the wall.
• The vehicle should not have any snow, ice or
mud on it.
• The vehicle should be fully assembled and all
other work stopped while headlamp aiming is
being performed.
• The vehicle should be normally loaded with a
full tank of fuel and one person or 160 lbs
(75 kg) sitting on the driver’s seat.
• Tires should be properly inflated.
• The spare tire is in its proper location in the
vehicle.
377
Headlamp aiming is done with the vehicle’s
low-beam headlamps. The high-beam headlamps
will be correctly aimed if the low-beam headlamps
are aimed properly.
To adjust the vertical aim, do the following:
1. Open the hood. See Hood Release on
page 333 for more information.
4. At the wall measure from the ground
upward (A) to the recorded distance
from Step 3 and mark it.
5. Draw or tape a horizontal line (B) on the wall
the width of the vehicle at the height of the
mark in Step 4.
2. Locate the aim dot on the lens of the
low-beam headlamp.
3. Measure the distance from the ground to the
aim dot on the low-beam headlamp. Record
the distance.
378
Notice: Do not cover a headlamp to improve
beam cut-off when aiming. Covering a
headlamp may cause excessive heat build-up
which may cause damage to the headlamp.
6. Turn on the low-beam headlamps and place a
piece of cardboard or equivalent in front of the
headlamp not being adjusted. Do not place
directly on the headlamp. This allows only the
beam of light from the headlamp being
adjusted to be seen on the flat surface.
7. Locate the vertical headlamp aiming screws,
which are under the hood near each headlamp
assembly.
The adjustment screw can be turned with a
6 mm male hex.
8. Turn the vertical aiming screw until the
headlamp beam is aimed to the horizontal tape
line. Turn it clockwise or counterclockwise to
raise or lower the angle of the beam.
9. Make sure that the light from the headlamp is
positioned at the bottom edge of the horizontal
tape line. The lamp on the left (A) shows
the correct headlamp aim. The lamp on the
right (B) shows the incorrect headlamp aim.
10. Repeat Steps 7 through 9 for the opposite
headlamp.
379
Bulb Replacement
For the proper type of replacement bulbs, see
Replacement Bulbs on page 383.
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps
and Sidemarker Lamps
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
Halogen Bulbs
{CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas
inside and can burst if you drop or
scratch the bulb. You or others could be
injured. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions on the bulb package.
380
A. Sidemarker Lamp
B. Stoplamp/Taillamp/Turn Signal Lamp
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
1. Open the trunk. See Trunk on page 106
for more information.
2. Remove the convenience net, if the vehicle
has one.
3. Remove the plastic wing nuts retaining the
trunk trim.
4. Pull back the trunk trim.
6. Pull out the taillamp assembly.
7. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise and
pull it straight out to remove it.
8. Replace the old bulb with a new one.
9. Turn the bulb socket clockwise to reinstall.
10. Reverse these steps to reinstall the taillamp
assembly.
When reinstalling the taillamp assembly, make
sure the plastic pin on the taillamp assembly
lines up and is inserted correctly into the
opening of the vehicle.
5. Remove the three hex nuts holding the
taillamp assembly in place.
381
Taillamps and Back-Up Lamps
A. Taillamp
B. Back-up Lamp
To replace an auxiliary taillamp or back-up lamp
bulb, do the following:
1. Open the trunk. See Trunk on page 106 for
more information.
382
2. Remove the three fasteners from the
trunk trim.
3. Pull back the trunk trim to access the bulbs.
4. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise to
remove it.
5. Pull the bulb straight out.
6. Replace the bulb and reinstall it in the
assembly by turning it clockwise.
License Plate Lamp
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
1. Remove the license plate.
2. Reach up through the opening above the
license plate to access the two license
plate lamps.
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamps
Back-up Lamp
Sidemarker, License Plate Lamp,
and Auxiliary Taillamp
Stoplamp, Taillamp, and Turn
Signal Lamp
Bulb Number
921
194
3057K
3. Turn the socket counterclockwise to remove.
4. Grasp the bulb in the socket and pull
straight out.
For replacement bulbs not listed here, contact
your dealer.
5. Push the bulb straight into the socket until it
clicks to secure it.
6. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to reinstall the
bulb socket.
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected for
wear or cracking. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 442.
It is a good idea to clean or replace the wiper
blade assembly on a regular basis or when worn.
For proper windshield wiper blade length and
type, see Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
on page 453.
383
To replace the wiper blade assembly, do the
following:
1. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY, with the
engine off.
2. Pull the windshield wiper assembly away from
the windshield.
3. Squeeze the tabs on each side of the wiper
blade assembly and slide the assembly off
the end of the wiper arm.
384
4. Replace the blade assembly with a new one.
Allowing the wiper blade arm to touch the
windshield when no wiper blade is installed
could damage the windshield. Any damage
that occurs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not allow the wiper blade arm to
touch the windshield.
5. Repeat the steps for the other wiper.
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires
made by a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever
have questions about your tire warranty and where
to obtain service, see your GM Warranty booklet for
details. For additional information refer to the tire
manufacturer’s booklet included with your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used
tires are dangerous.
• Overloading your vehicle’s tires can
cause overheating as a result of too
much friction. You could have an
air-out and a serious accident. See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 307.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
• Underinflated tires pose the same
danger as overloaded tires. The
resulting accident could cause serious
injury. Check all tires frequently to
maintain the recommended pressure.
Tire pressure should be checked when
your vehicle’s tires are cold. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 392.
• Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured, or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a
pothole. Keep tires at the
recommended pressure.
• Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If
the tire’s tread is badly worn, or if
your vehicle’s tires have been
damaged, replace them.
385
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into its
sidewall. The examples below show a typical
passenger vehicle tire and a compact spare tire
sidewall.
(A) Tire Size: The tire size is a combination of
letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type,
and service description. See the “Tire Size”
illustration later in this section for more detail.
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have
a TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all
federal safety guidelines.
(C) DOT (Department of Transportation): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code
indicates that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire Example
386
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters
and numbers following DOT (Department of
Transportation) code is the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and date the tire
was manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although only one side may have
the date of manufacture.
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and
number of plies in the sidewall and under the
tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires
based on three performance factors: treadwear,
traction, and temperature resistance. For more
information see Uniform Tire Quality Grading on
page 402.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit:
Maximum load that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed to support that load.
Compact Spare Tire Example
(A) Temporary Use Only: The compact spare
tire or temporary use tire has a tread life of
approximately 3,000 miles (5 000 km) and should
not be driven at speeds over 65 mph (105 km/h).
The compact spare tire is for emergency use when
a regular road tire has lost air and gone flat. If
your vehicle has a compact spare tire, see
Compact Spare Tire on page 418 and If a Tire
Goes Flat on page 407.
387
(B) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and
number of plies in the sidewall and under the
tread.
(C) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters
and numbers following the DOT (Department of
Transportation) code is the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and date the tire
was manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although only one side may have
the date of manufacture.
(G) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have
a TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all
federal safety guidelines.
Tire Size
The following illustration shows an example of a
typical passenger vehicle tire size.
(D) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit:
Maximum load that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed to support that load.
(E) Tire Inflation: The temporary use tire or
compact spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi
(420 kPa). For more information on tire pressure
and inflation see Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 392.
(F) Tire Size: A combination of letters and
numbers define a tire’s width, height, aspect ratio,
construction type, and service description. The
letter T as the first character in the tire size means
the tire is for temporary use only.
388
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letter P
as the first character in the tire size means a
passenger vehicle tire engineered to standards set
by the U.S. Tire and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates
the tire section width in millimeters from sidewall
to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that
indicates the tire height-to-width measurements.
For example, if the tire size aspect ratio is 60,
as shown in item C of the illustration, it would
mean that the tire’s sidewall is 60 percent as high
as it is wide.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire.
The letter R means radial ply construction;
the letter D means diagonal or bias ply
construction; and the letter B means belted-bias
ply construction.
Accessory Weight: This means the combined
weight of optional accessories. Some examples of
optional accessories are, automatic transmission/
transaxle, power steering, power brakes, power
windows, power seats, and air conditioning.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in
inches.
(F) Service Description: These characters
represent the load range and speed rating of the
tire. The load index represents the load carry
capacity a tire is certified to carry. The load index
can range from 1 to 279. The speed rating is
the maximum speed a tire is certified to carry a
load. Speed ratings range from A to Z.
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire
pressing outward on each square inch of the
tire. Air pressure is expressed in pounds
per square inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height
to its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is
located between the plies and the tread. Cords
may be made from steel or other reinforcing
materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped
by steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies
are laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees
to the centerline of the tread.
389
Cold Tire Pressure: The amount of air pressure
in a tire, measured in pounds per square inch
(psi) or kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up
heat from driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 392.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire, that must always face outward
when mounted on a vehicle.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment
including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil, and
coolant, but without passengers and cargo.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
light duty trucks and some multipurpose passenger
vehicles.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall
of a tire signifying that the tire is in compliance
with the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
motor vehicle safety standards. The DOT code
includes the Tire Identification Number (TIN),
an alphanumeric designator which can also identify
the tire manufacturer, production plant, brand,
and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 307.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
front axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 307.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
rear axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 307.
390
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging
from 1 to 279 that corresponds to the load
carrying capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated. The
maximum air pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire
at the maximum permissible inflation pressure
for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of
curb weight, accessory weight, vehicle capacity
weight, and production options weight.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of
occupants a vehicle is designed to seat multiplied
by 150 lbs (68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 307.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating
positions.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread
and the bead.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that
faces outward when mounted on a vehicle.
The side of the tire that contains a whitewall, bears
white lettering, or bears manufacturer, brand,
and/or model name molding that is higher
or deeper than the same moldings on the other
sidewall of the tire.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned
to a tire indicating the maximum speed at
which a tire can operate.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
passenger cars and some light duty trucks and
multipurpose vehicles.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called wear bars, that show across the tread of
a tire when only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of tread
remains. See When It Is Time for New Tires on
page 400.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation
pressure as shown on the tire placard. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 392 and Loading
Your Vehicle on page 307.
Radial Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the
ply cords that extend to the beads are laid
at 90 degrees to the centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which
the tire beads are seated.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the
road surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into
contact with the road.
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Standards): A tire information system that
provides consumers with ratings for a tire’s
traction, temperature, and treadwear. Ratings are
determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are
molded into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform
Tire Quality Grading on page 402.
391
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of
designated seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs
(68 kg) plus the rated cargo load. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 307.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory
weight, occupant weight, and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to
a vehicle showing the vehicle’s capacity weight
and the original equipment tire size and
recommended inflation pressure. See “Tire and
Loading Information Label” under Loading
Your Vehicle on page 307.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount of air pressure to
operate effectively.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell you that
under-inflation or over-inflation is all right. It is
not. If your tires do not have enough air
(under-inflation), you can get the following:
• Too much flexing
• Too much heat
392
•
•
•
•
Tire overloading
Premature or irregular wear
Poor handling
Reduced fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (over-inflation),
you can get the following:
• Unusual wear
• Poor handling
• Rough ride
• Needless damage from road hazards
A Tire and Loading Information label is attached to
the vehicle’s center pillar (B-pillar). This label
shows your vehicle’s original equipment tires and
the correct inflation pressures for your tires
when they are cold. The recommended cold tire
inflation pressure, shown on the label, is the
minimum amount of air pressure needed to
support your vehicle’s maximum load carrying
capacity.
For additional information regarding how much
weight your vehicle can carry, and an example of
the Tire and Loading Information label, see
Loading Your Vehicle on page 307. How you load
your vehicle affects vehicle handling and ride
comfort. Never load your vehicle with more weight
than it was designed to carry.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more. Do not
forget to check the compact spare tire, it should be
at 60 psi (420 kPa). For additional information
regarding the compact spare tire, see Compact
Spare Tire on page 418.
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem.
Press the tire gage firmly onto the valve to
get a pressure measurement. If the cold tire
inflation pressure matches the recommended
pressure on the Tire and Loading Information
label, no further adjustment is necessary. If the
inflation pressure is low, add air until you reach the
recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on
the metal stem in the center of the tire valve.
Re-check the tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You cannot tell if your tires are
properly inflated simply by looking at them. Radial
tires may look properly inflated even when they
are under-inflated. Check the tire’s inflation
pressure when the tires are cold. Cold means your
vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours
or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Tire Pressure Monitor System
Your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor System
(TPMS). This system uses radio and sensor
technology to check tire pressure levels. The
TPMS sensors are mounted onto each tire and
wheel assembly, except for the spare tire.
The TPMS sensors monitor the air pressure in
your vehicle’s tires and transmit tire pressure
readings to a receiver located in the vehicle.
393
The TPMS is designed to alert the driver, if a low
tire pressure condition exists. If your vehicle
has the Driver Information Center (DIC), the driver
may also check tire pressure levels using the
DIC buttons located on the instrument panel.
When a low tire pressure condition is detected,
the TPMS will illuminate the low tire pressure
warning symbol, located on the instrument panel
cluster, and at the same time a message to check
the pressure in a specific tire will also appear on
the DIC display. The low tire pressure warning
symbol on the instrument panel cluster and
the CHECK TIRE PRESSURE warning message
on the DIC display will appear at each ignition
cycle until the tires are inflated to the correct
inflation pressure. For additional information and
details about the DIC operation and displays
see DIC Controls and Displays on page 212 and
DIC Warnings and Messages on page 221.
You may notice, during cooler weather conditions,
that the tire pressure monitor light, located on
the instrument panel cluster, and the CHECK TIRE
PRESSURE message will appear when the
vehicle is first started and the turn off as you start
394
to drive the vehicle. This could be an early
indicator that the tire pressures are getting low
and need to be inflated to the proper pressure.
Each tire, including the spare (if provided), should
be checked monthly when cold and inflated to
the inflation pressure recommended by the vehicle
manufacturer on the vehicle placard or tire
inflation pressure label. (If your vehicle has tires of
a different size than the size indicated on the
vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label, you
should determine the proper tire inflation
pressure for those tires.)
As an added safety
feature, your vehicle
has been equipped with
a tire pressure
monitoring system
(TPMS) that illuminates
a low tire pressure
telltale when one
or more of your tires is
significantly
under-inflated.
Accordingly, when the low tire pressure telltale
illuminates, you should stop and check your tires
as soon as possible, and inflate them to the
proper pressure. Driving on a significantly
under-inflated tire causes the tire to overheat and
can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also
reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may
affect the vehicle’s handling and stopping ability.
Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute
for proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s
responsibility to maintain correct tire pressure,
even if under-inflation has not reached the level to
trigger illumination of the TPMS low tire pressure
telltale.
Your vehicle has also been equipped with a TPMS
malfunction indicator to indicate when the
system is not operating properly. The TPMS
malfunction indicator is combined with the low tire
pressure telltale. When the system detects a
malfunction, the telltale will flash for approximately
one minute and then remain continuously
illuminated. This sequence will continue upon
subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the
malfunction exists.
When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the
system may not be able to detect or signal low
tire pressure as intended. TPMS malfunctions may
occur for a variety of reasons, including the
installation of replacement or alternate tires or
wheels on the vehicle that prevent the TPMS from
functioning properly. Always check the TPMS
malfunction telltale after replacing one or more
tires or wheels on your vehicle to ensure that the
replacement or alternate tires and wheels allow
the TPMS to continue to function properly.
A tire and Loading Information label, attached to
your vehicle, shows the size of your vehicle’s
original equipment tires and the correct inflation
pressure for your vehicle’s tires when they
are cold. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 307,
for an example of the tire information label and
its location on your vehicle. Also see Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 392.
395
Your vehicle’s TPMS system can warn you about a
low tire pressure condition but it does not replace
normal tire maintenance. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 398 and Tires on page 385.
Notice: Do not use a tire sealant if your
vehicle has Tire Pressure Monitors. The liquid
sealant can damage the tire pressure monitor
sensors.
The TPMS will not function properly if one or more
of the TPMS sensors are missing or inoperable.
If the system detects a missing or inoperable
sensor, an error message SERVICE TIRE
MONITOR SYSTEM will be shown on the DIC
display. If you have replaced a tire/wheel assembly
without transferring the TPMS sensors, the error
message will be displayed. Once you re-install the
TPMS sensors, the error message should go
off. See your GM dealer for service if all TPMS
sensors are installed and the error message
comes on and stays on.
396
Resetting the TPMS Sensor
Identification Codes
Each TPMS sensor has a unique identification
code. Any time you replace one or more of
the TPMS sensors or rotate the vehicle’s tires, the
identification codes will need to be matched to
the new tire/wheel position. The sensors are
matched, to the tire/wheel positions, in the
following order: driver’s side front tire, passenger’s
side front tire, passenger’s side rear tire, and
driver’s side rear tire using a TPMS diagnostic tool.
See your GM dealer for service.
The TPMS sensors may also be matched to each
tire/wheel position by increasing or decreasing
the tire’s air pressure. When increasing the tire’s
pressure, do not exceed the maximum inflation
pressure indicated on the tire’s sidewall.
You will have two minutes to match each tire and
wheel position. If it takes longer than two minutes to
match any tire and wheel position, or more than
five minutes to match all four tire and wheel
positions the matching process stops and you will
need to start over.
The TPMS matching process is outlined below:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition switch to RUN with the
engine off.
3. Using the DIC, press the vehicle information
button until the LEARN TIRE POSITIONS
message displays.
4. Press the set/reset button to allow the system
to learn the tire positions. The horn will sound
twice to indicate the receiver is ready, and
the TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE message
will display. The TPMS system is ready for
the sensor matching process to begin.
5. Start with the driver’s side front tire.
6. Remove the valve cap from the tire’s valve
stem. Activate the TPMS sensor by increasing
or decreasing the tire’s air pressure for
five seconds, or until a horn chirp sounds.
The horn chirp, which may take up to
30 seconds to sound, confirms that the
sensor identification code has been matched
to the tire/wheel position. To decrease the
tire’s air-pressure use the pointed end of the
valve cap, a pencil-style air pressure gage,
or a key.
7. Proceed to the passenger’s side front tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
8. Proceed to the passenger’s side rear tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
9. Proceed to the driver’s side rear tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
10. After hearing the confirming horn chirp for the
driver’s side rear tire, the tire learning process
ends. Turn the ignition switch to OFF.
11. Set all four tires to the recommended air
pressure level as indicated on the tire and
loading information label.
12. Put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
The compact spare tire and wheel assembly
does not have a TPMS sensor. If you replace
one of the road tires with the compact spare tire,
the SERVICE TIRE MONITOR SYSTEM
message will be displayed on the DIC display
screen. This message should go off once
you re-install the road tire containing the
TPMS sensor.
397
Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) and Industry and Science
Canada
Tire Inspection and Rotation
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
operates on a radio frequency and complies with
Part 15 of the FCC Rules and is subject to the
following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your
tires as soon as possible and check wheel
alignment. Also check for damaged tires or wheels.
See When It Is Time for New Tires on page 400
and Wheel Replacement on page 404 for
more information.
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
operates on a radio frequency and complies with
RSS-210 of Industry and Science Canada.
Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
398
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The
first rotation is the most important. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 442 for scheduled rotation
intervals.
Reset the Tire Pressure Monitor System. See
“TPMS Sensor Identification Codes” under
Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 393.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly
tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications on page 436.
{CAUTION:
When rotating your tires, always use the correct
rotation pattern shown here.
Do not include the compact spare tire in your tire
rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the
front and rear inflation pressures as shown
on the Tire and Loading Information label. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 392 and Loading
Your Vehicle on page 307.
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When
you change a wheel, remove any rust or
dirt from places where the wheel attaches
to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this;
but be sure to use a scraper or wire brush
later, if needed, to get all the rust or dirt
off. See Changing a Flat Tire on page 408.
399
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it
is time for new tires is
to check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following
statements are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more
places around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through
the tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut, or
snagged deep enough to show cord or fabric.
400
• The tire has a bump, bulge, or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage
that cannot be repaired well because of the
size or location of the damage.
Buying New Tires
GM has developed and matched specific tires for
your vehicle. The original equipment tires
installed on your vehicle, when it was new, were
designed to meet General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria Specification (TPC spec)
system rating. If you need replacement tires, GM
strongly recommends that you get tires with
the same TPC Spec rating. This way, your vehicle
will continue to have tires that are designed to
give the same performance and vehicle safety,
during normal use, as the original tires.
GM’s exclusive TPC Spec system considers over
a dozen critical specifications that impact the
overall performance of your vehicle, including
brake system performance, ride and handling,
traction control, and tire pressure monitoring
performance. GM’s TPC Spec number is molded
onto the tire’s sidewall by the tire manufacturer.
If the tires have an all-season tread design, the
TPC spec number will be followed by an MS
for mud and snow. See Tire Sidewall Labeling on
page 386 for additional information.
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose
control while driving. If you mix tires of
different sizes, brands, or types (radial
and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a
crash. Using tires of different sizes,
brands, or types may also cause damage
to your vehicle. Be sure to use the correct
size, brand, and type of tires on all
wheels. It is all right to drive with your
compact spare temporarily, as it was
developed for use on your vehicle. See
Compact Spare Tire on page 418.
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle,
the wheel rim flanges could develop
cracks after many miles of driving. A tire
and/or wheel could fail suddenly, causing
a crash. Use only radial-ply tires with the
wheels on your vehicle.
If you must replace your vehicle’s tires with those
that do not have a TPC Spec number, make
sure they are the same size, load range, speed
rating, and construction type (radial and
bias-belted tires) as your vehicle’s original tires.
Your vehicle’s original equipment tires are listed on
the Tire and Loading Information label. This
label is attached to the vehicle’s center pillar
(B-pillar). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 307,
for more information about the Tire and Loading
Information label and its location on your vehicle.
401
Different Size Tires and Wheels
If you add wheels or tires that are a different size
than your original equipment wheels and tires,
this may affect the way your vehicle performs,
including its braking, ride and handling
characteristics, stability, and resistance to rollover.
Additionally, if your vehicle has electronic
systems such as, anti-lock brakes, traction control,
and electronic stability control, the performance
of these systems can be affected.
{CAUTION:
If you add different sized wheels, your
vehicle may not provide an acceptable
level of performance and safety if tires not
recommended for those wheels are
selected. You may increase the chance
that you will crash and suffer serious
injury. Only use GM specific wheel and
tire systems developed for your vehicle,
and have them properly installed by a GM
certified technician.
402
See Buying New Tires on page 400 and
Accessories and Modifications on page 325 for
additional information.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Quality grades can be found where applicable on
the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For example:
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), which
grades tires by treadwear, traction, and
temperature performance. This applies only to
vehicles sold in the United States. The grades are
molded on the sidewalls of most passenger car
tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG)
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver, or temporary use
spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of
10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm), or to some
limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors
passenger cars and light trucks may vary with
respect to these grades, they must also conform to
federal safety requirements and additional General
Motors Tire Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating
based on the wear rate of the tire when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire
graded 150 would wear one and a half (1.5) times
as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from
the norm due to variations in driving habits, service
practices, and differences in road characteristics
and climate.
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA,
A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s
ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under
controlled conditions on specified government test
surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C
may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire
is based on straight-ahead braking traction
tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering,
hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature – A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B,
and C, representing the tire’s resistance to
the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate
heat when tested under controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive
temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under
the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels
of performance on the laboratory test wheel
than the minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated
and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
under-inflation, or excessive loading, either
separately or in combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
403
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
Wheel Replacement
The tires and wheels on your vehicle were aligned
and balanced carefully at the factory to give you
the longest tire life and best overall performance.
Adjustments to wheel alignment and tire
balancing will not be necessary on a regular basis.
However, if you notice unusual tire wear or your
vehicle pulling to one side or the other, the
alignment may need to be checked. If you notice
your vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth
road, your tires and wheels may need to be
rebalanced. See your dealer for proper diagnosis.
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly
rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming
loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel
nuts should be replaced. If the wheel leaks air,
replace it (except some aluminum wheels,
which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
404
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same
load-carrying capacity, diameter, width, offset
and be mounted the same way as the one
it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel
bolts, or wheel nuts, replace them only with
new GM original equipment parts. This way, you
will be sure to have the right wheel, wheel
bolts, and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause
problems with bearing life, brake cooling,
speedometer or odometer calibration,
headlamp aim, bumper height, vehicle ground
clearance, and tire or tire chain clearance
to the body and chassis.
{CAUTION:
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 408 for more
information.
Using the wrong replacement wheels,
wheel bolts, or wheel nuts on your vehicle
can be dangerous. It could affect the
braking and handling of your vehicle,
make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in
which you or others could be injured.
Always use the correct wheel, wheel bolts,
and wheel nuts for replacement.
Used Replacement Wheels
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You cannot know how it has
been used or how far it has been driven. It
could fail suddenly and cause a crash. If
you have to replace a wheel, use a new
GM original equipment wheel.
405
Tire Chains
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle has P235/55R17, or
P245/50R18 size tires, do not use tire
chains. There is not enough clearance.
Tire chains used on a vehicle without the
proper amount of clearance can cause
damage to the brakes, suspension, or
other vehicle parts. The area damaged by
the tire chains could cause you to lose
control of your vehicle and you or others
may be injured in a crash.
Use another type of traction device only if
its manufacturer recommends it for use
on your vehicle and tire size combination
and road conditions.
CAUTION:
406
(Continued)
(Continued)
Follow that manufacturer’s instructions.
To help avoid damage to your vehicle,
drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it is contacting your vehicle, and
do not spin your vehicle’s wheels.
If you do find traction devices that will fit,
install them on the front tires.
Notice: If your vehicle has P225/60R16 size
tires, use tire chains only where legal and only
when you must. Use only SAE Class S-type
chains that are the proper size for your
tires. Install them on the front tires and tighten
them as tightly as possible with the ends
securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow the
chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you
can hear the chains contacting your vehicle,
stop and retighten them. If the contact
continues, slow down until it stops. Driving
too fast or spinning the wheels with chains on
will damage your vehicle.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It is unusual for a tire to blowout while you are
driving, especially if you maintain your vehicle’s
tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it is
much more likely to leak out slowly. But if you
should ever have a blowout, here are a few tips
about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag
that pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your
foot off the accelerator pedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane
position, and then gently brake to a stop well out
of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much
like a skid and may require the same correction
you would use in a skid. In any rear blowout
remove your foot from the accelerator pedal. Get
the vehicle under control by steering the way
you want the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy
and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake
to a stop, well off the road if possible.
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous
without the appropriate safety equipment
and training. The jack provided with your
vehicle is designed only for changing a
flat tire. If it is used for anything else, you
or others could be badly injured or killed
if the vehicle slips off the jack. Use the
jack provided with your vehicle only for
changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use
the jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
407
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel
damage by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on
your vehicle’s hazard warning flashers. See
Hazard Warning Flashers on page 160 for more
information.
{CAUTION:
Changing a tire can be dangerous. The
vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over
or fall on you or other people. You and
they could be badly injured or even killed.
Find a level place to change your tire. To
help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
To be even more certain the vehicle will
not move, you should put blocks at the
front and rear of the tire farthest away from
the one being changed. That would be the
tire, on the other side, at the opposite end
of the vehicle.
When your vehicle has a flat tire, use the following
example as a guide to assist you in the placement
of wheel blocks.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine and do not restart
while the vehicle is raised.
4. Do not allow passengers to remain in
the vehicle.
CAUTION:
408
(Continued)
The following information will tell you next how to
use the jack and change a tire.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you will need is located in the
trunk.
1. If your vehicle has a
center retainer, turn
it counterclockwise
to remove it.
2. Lift and remove the compact spare tire cover.
3. Remove the washer and retainer that holds
down the jack and wheel wrench.
4. Remove the jack container with the jack and
the wheel wrench.
5. Remove the spare tire from the vehicle. See
Compact Spare Tire on page 418 for more
information.
409
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire
The tools you will be using include the jack (A)
and the wheel wrench (B).
1. Place the wheel wrench securely over the
wheel nut. Turn the wheel wrench
counterclockwise to loosen all the wheel nuts,
but do no remove them yet.
410
2. Turn the jack handle clockwise to raise the
jack lift head.
{CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack
improperly positioned can damage the
vehicle and even make the vehicle fall. To
help avoid personal injury and vehicle
damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head
into the proper location before raising the
vehicle.
3. Put the jack into the flange in the frame which
is located near each wheel well. The flanges
are accessible through openings in the
plastic trim at the bottom of the vehicle. The
front opening is about 8 inches (20 cm)
back from the front wheel well. The rear
opening is about 3 inches (8 cm) forward from
the rear wheel well.
411
4. Position the jack and raise the jack head
until it fits firmly on the ridge in the vehicle’s
frame nearest the flat tire. Do not raise
the vehicle yet.
5. Put the compact spare tire near the flat tire.
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked
up is dangerous. If the vehicle slips off
the jack you could be badly injured or
killed. Never get under a vehicle when it is
supported only by a jack.
412
6. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off
the ground for the compact spare tire to
fit under the vehicle.
7. Remove all wheel
nuts and take off the
flat tire.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In
an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if needed, to
get all the rust or dirt off.
8. Remove any rust or
dirt from the wheel
bolts, mounting
surfaces and spare
wheel.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts
to which it is fastened, can make the
wheel nuts become loose after time. The
wheel could come off and cause an
accident. When you change a wheel,
CAUTION:
(Continued)
413
9. Install the compact spare tire.
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts.
If you do, the nuts might come loose.
Your wheel could fall off, causing a
serious accident.
10. Put the wheel nuts back on with the rounded
end of the nuts toward the wheel. Tighten
each nut by hand until the wheel is held
against the hub.
414
11. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly
tightened wheel nuts can cause the wheel
to come loose and even come off. This
could lead to an accident. Be sure to use
the correct wheel nuts. If you have to
replace them, be sure to get new GM
original equipment wheel nuts. Stop
somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
the proper torque specification. See
Capacities and Specifications on page 436
for wheel nut torque specification.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can
lead to brake pulsation and rotor damage.
To avoid expensive brake repairs, evenly
tighten the wheel nuts in the proper sequence
and to the proper torque specification. See
Capacities and Specifications on page 436 for
the wheel nut torque specification.
12. Tighten the wheel
nuts firmly in a
crisscross sequence
as shown.
Notice: Wheel covers will not fit on your
compact spare. If you try to put a wheel cover
on the compact spare, you could damage
the cover or the spare.
Do not try to put the wheel cover on the compact
spare tire. It will not fit. Store the wheel cover
in the trunk until you have the flat tire repaired or
replaced.
415
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire
and Tools
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment
in the passenger compartment of the
vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden
stop or collision, loose equipment could
strike someone. Store all these in the
proper place.
After you have put the compact spare tire on your
vehicle, you need to store the flat tire in your
trunk. Store the flat tire as far forward in the trunk
as possible.
To store the compact spare tire and tools, do the
following:
416
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
Center Retainer
Compact Spare Tire Cover
Retainer
Washer
Jack Container
Spare Tire
Wheel Wrench
Jack
Foam Insert
Bolt
1. Open the trunk. See Trunk on page 106 for
more information.
2. Make sure the foam insert (I) is in place in the
trunk compartment.
4. Insert the jack container (E) into the spare
tire (F).
5. Insert the wheel wrench (G) and jack (H) into
the center of the compact spare tire making
sure to line up the wheel nut hole with
the bolt (I) on the compartment floor.
6. Secure the compact spare tire and the jack
container (E) with the washer (D) and the
retainer (C).
7. Reinstall the compact spare tire cover (B).
8. Secure with the center retainer (A).
The compact spare tire is for temporary use only.
Replace the compact spare tire with a full-size
tire as soon as you can. See Compact Spare Tire
on page 418 for more information.
3. Reinstall the compact spare tire (F) making
sure to line up the wheel center hole with the
bolt (J). Then place it on the compartment
floor.
417
Compact Spare Tire
Do not use the compact spare on other vehicles.
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when the vehicle was new, it can lose air after
a time. Check the inflation pressure regularly.
It should be 60 psi (420 kPa).
And do not mix the compact spare tire or
wheel with other wheels or tires. They will not fit.
Keep the spare tire and its wheel together.
After installing the compact spare on the vehicle,
stop as soon as possible and make sure the
spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare
is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles
(5 000 km), so you can finish your trip and have
the full-size tire repaired or replaced at your
convenience. Of course, it is best to replace the
spare with a full-size tire as soon as possible. The
spare tire will last longer and be in good shape
in case it is needed again.
Notice: When the compact spare is installed,
do not take your vehicle through an automatic
car wash with guide rails. The compact
spare can get caught on the rails. That can
damage the tire and wheel, and maybe
other parts of your vehicle.
418
Notice: Tire chains will not fit your compact
spare. Using them can damage your vehicle
and can damage the chains too. Do not use tire
chains on your compact spare.
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Your vehicle’s interior will continue to look its
best if it is cleaned often. Although not always
visible, dust and dirt can accumulate on your
upholstery. Dirt can damage carpet, fabric, leather,
and plastic surfaces. Regular vacuuming is
recommended to remove particles from your
upholstery. It is important to keep your upholstery
from becoming and remaining heavily soiled.
Soils should be removed as quickly as possible.
Your vehicle’s interior may experience extremes of
heat that could cause stains to set rapidly.
Lighter colored interiors may require more
frequent cleaning. Use care because newspapers
and garments that transfer color to your home
furnishings may also transfer color to your
vehicle’s interior.
When cleaning your vehicle’s interior, only use
cleaners specifically designed for the surfaces
being cleaned. Permanent damage may result
from using cleaners on surfaces for which
they were not intended. Use glass cleaner only on
glass. Remove any accidental over-spray from
other surfaces immediately. To prevent over-spray,
apply cleaner directly to the cleaning cloth.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when
cleaning glass surfaces on your vehicle, you
could scratch the glass and/or cause damage
to the integrated radio antenna and the
rear window defogger. When cleaning the
glass on your vehicle, use only a soft cloth and
glass cleaner.
Many cleaners contain solvents that may become
concentrated in your vehicle’s breathing space.
Before using cleaners, read and adhere to all safety
instructions on the label. While cleaning your
vehicle’s interior, maintain adequate ventilation by
opening your vehicle’s doors and windows.
Dust may be removed from small buttons and
knobs using a small brush with soft bristles.
Your dealer has a product for cleaning your
vehicle’s glass. Should it become necessary, you
can also obtain a product from your dealer to
remove odors from your vehicle’s upholstery.
Do not clean your vehicle using the following
cleaners or techniques:
• Never use a knife or any other sharp object to
remove a soil from any interior surface.
• Never use a stiff brush. It can cause damage
to your vehicle’s interior surfaces.
• Never apply heavy pressure or rub
aggressively with a cleaning cloth. Use of
heavy pressure can damage your interior and
does not improve the effectiveness of soil
removal.
• Use only mild, neutral-pH soaps. Avoid
laundry detergents or dishwashing soaps with
degreasers. Using too much soap will leave
a residue that leaves streaks and attracts dirt.
For liquid cleaners, about 20 drops per
gallon (3.78 L) of water is a good guide.
419
• Do not heavily saturate your upholstery while
cleaning.
• Damage to your vehicle’s interior may result
from the use of many organic solvents such
as naptha, alcohol, etc.
Fabric/Carpet
Use a vacuum cleaner with a soft brush
attachment frequently to remove dust and loose
dirt. A canister vacuum with a beater bar in
the nozzle may only be used on floor carpet and
carpeted floor mats. For soils, always try to remove
them first with plain water or club soda. Before
cleaning, gently remove as much of the soil
as possible using one of the following techniques:
• For liquids: gently blot the remaining soil with a
paper towel. Allow the soil to absorb into the
paper towel until no more can be removed.
• For solid dry soils: remove as much as possible
and then vacuum.
To clean, use the following instructions:
1. Saturate a lint-free, clean white cloth with
water or club soda.
2. Wring the cloth to remove excess moisture.
3. Start on the outside edge of the soil and gently
rub toward the center. Continue cleaning,
using a clean area of the cloth each time it
becomes soiled.
4. Continue to gently rub the soiled area until the
cleaning cloth remains clean.
5. If the soil is not completely removed, use a
mild soap solution and repeat the cleaning
process that was used with plain water.
If any of the soil remains, a commercial fabric
cleaner or spot lifter may be necessary. When a
commercial upholstery cleaner or spot lifter is to be
used, test a small hidden area for colorfastness
first. If the locally cleaned area gives any
impression that a ring formation may result, clean
the entire surface.
After the cleaning process has been completed, a
paper towel can be used to blot excess moisture
from the fabric or carpet.
420
Leather
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used to
remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a soft cloth dampened with a mild soap
solution can be used. Allow the leather to dry
naturally. Do not use heat to dry. Never use steam
to clean leather. Never use spot lifters or spot
removers on leather. Many commercial leather
cleaners and coatings that are sold to preserve
and protect leather may permanently change
the appearance and feel of your leather and are
not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner. Never use
shoe polish on your leather.
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used to
remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a clean soft cloth dampened with a
mild soap solution can be used to gently remove
dust and dirt. Never use spot lifters or removers
on plastic surfaces. Many commercial cleaners and
coatings that are sold to preserve and protect
soft plastic surfaces may permanently change the
appearance and feel of your interior and are
not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner.
Some commercial products may increase gloss on
your instrument panel. The increase in gloss
may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
421
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you
do, it may severely weaken them. In a
crash, they might not be able to provide
adequate protection. Clean safety belts
only with mild soap and lukewarm water.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them
last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.
Apply silicone grease with a clean cloth. During
very cold, damp weather frequent application may
be required.
Washing Your Vehicle
The paint finish on the vehicle provides beauty,
depth of color, gloss retention, and durability.
422
The best way to preserve the vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm
or cold water.
Do not wash the vehicle in the direct rays of the
sun. Use a car washing soap. Do not use
strong soaps or chemical detergents. Be sure to
rinse the vehicle well, removing all soap
residue completely. Approved cleaning products
can be obtained from your dealer. See Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials on page 426. Do not
use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed
to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry
the finish with a soft, clean chamois or an
all-cotton towel to avoid surface scratches and
water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to
enter the vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and
a car washing soap to clean exterior lamps
and lenses. Follow instructions under Washing
Your Vehicle on page 422.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of the vehicle
by hand may be necessary to remove residue
from the paint finish. Approved cleaning products
can be obtained from your dealer. See Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials on page 426.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish may damage it. Use only non-abrasive
waxes and polishes that are made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish on your vehicle.
The vehicle has a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish. The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss
to the colored basecoat. Always use waxes
and polishes that are non-abrasive and made
for a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and
other salts, ice melting agents, road oil and
tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals from
industrial chimneys, etc., can damage the vehicle’s
finish if they remain on painted surfaces. Wash
the vehicle as soon as possible. If necessary, use
non-abrasive cleaners that are marked safe for
painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging,
weather, and chemical fallout that can take their
toll over a period of years. To help keep the
paint finish looking new, keep the vehicle in a
garage or covered whenever possible.
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the
windshield washer, or if the wiper blade chatters
when running, wax, sap, or other material may
be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a glass
cleaning liquid or powder and water solution.
The windshield is clean if beads do not form when
it is rinsed with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper
blades and affect their performance. Clean
the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked
in full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then
rinse the blade with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as
necessary; replace blades that look worn.
423
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels
Your vehicle may have either aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
Keep the wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean
towel. A wax may then be applied.
Notice: If you use strong soaps, chemicals,
abrasive polishes, cleaners, brushes, or
cleaners that contain acid on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels, you could damage the
surface of the wheel(s). The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Use
only GM-approved cleaners on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the
painted surface of your vehicle. Do not use strong
soaps, chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive
cleaners, cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning
brushes on them because you could damage
the surface. Do not use chrome polish on
aluminum wheels.
Notice: Using chrome polish on aluminum
wheels could damage the wheels. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Use chrome polish on chrome wheels only.
424
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels,
but avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and
buff off immediately after application.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle through an
automatic car wash that has silicone carbide
tire cleaning brushes, you could damage
the aluminum or chrome-plated wheels. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Never drive a vehicle equipped with aluminum
or chrome-plated wheels through an
automatic car wash that uses silicone carbide
tire cleaning brushes.
Do not take your vehicle through an automatic car
wash that has silicone carbide tire cleaning
brushes. These brushes can also damage the
surface of these wheels.
Tires
To clean the tires, use a stiff brush with tire
cleaner.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the
paint finish and/or tires. When applying a tire
dressing, always wipe off any overspray
from all painted surfaces on your vehicle.
Sheet Metal Damage
If the vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair
shop applies anti-corrosion material to parts
repaired or replaced to restore corrosion protection.
on the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame,
floor pan, and exhaust system even though
they have corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will
provide the corrosion protection while maintaining
the warranty.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where
mud and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close
areas of the frame should be loosened before being
flushed. Your dealer or an underbody car washing
system can do this for you.
Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in
the finish should be repaired right away. Bare
metal will corrode quickly and may develop into
major repair expense.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can
create a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and attack painted surfaces on the
vehicle. This damage can take two forms: blotchy,
ring-shaped discolorations, and small, irregular
dark spots etched into the paint surface.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with
touch-up materials available from your dealer.
Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected in
your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and
dust control can collect on the underbody. If these
are not removed, corrosion and rust can develop
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces
of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition
within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of
purchase, whichever occurs first.
425
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Tar and Road Oil
Remover
Chrome Cleaner and
Polish
White Sidewall Tire
Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
Chrome and Wire Wheel
Cleaner
Finish Enhancer
426
Usage
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Removes tar, road oil and
asphalt.
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Cleans vinyl.
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
wipe off.
Description
Swirl Remover Polish
Cleaner Wax
Foaming Tire Shine
Low Gloss
Wash Wax Concentrate
Spot Lifter
Odor Eliminator
Usage
Removes swirl marks, fine
scratches and other light
surface contamination.
Removes light scratches
and protects finish.
Cleans, shines and
protects in one easy step,
no wiping necessary.
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Quickly and easily
removes spots and stains
from carpets, vinyl and
cloth upholstery.
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on fabrics,
vinyl, leather and carpet.
Vehicle Identification
Engine Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
The eighth character in the VIN is the engine
code. This code will help you identify your vehicle’s
engine, specifications, and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It
appears on a plate in the front corner of the
instrument panel, on the driver’s side. You can see
it if you look through the windshield from outside
your vehicle. The VIN also appears on the Vehicle
Certification and Service Parts labels and the
certificates of title and registration.
You will find this label on your spare tire cover. It
is very helpful if you ever need to order parts.
On this label, you will find the following:
• VIN
• Model designation
• Paint information
• Production options and special equipment
Do not remove this label from the vehicle.
427
Electrical System
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Add-On Electrical Equipment
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected
from short circuits by a combination of fuses
and circuit breakers. This greatly reduces
the chance of fires caused by electrical problems.
Notice: Do not add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer
first. Some electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle and the damage would not
be covered by your warranty. Some add-on
electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Add-on equipment can drain your vehicle’s battery,
even if your vehicle is not operating.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to add anything electrical to your
vehicle, see Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 86.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers in the rear fuse block protect the
power windows and other power accessories.
When the current load is too heavy, the circuit
breaker opens and closes, protecting the circuit
until the problem is fixed or goes away.
428
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse.
If the band is broken or melted, replace the fuse.
Be sure you replace a bad fuse with a new
one of the identical size and rating.
You will find a fuse puller clipped in both of the
fuse blocks. Snap the wide end of the fuse puller
at the side indentations and pull the fuse out.
The MaxiFuses are located in two fuse blocks,
one located in the engine compartment on
the passenger’s side and the other under the rear
seat on the driver’s side. If a MaxiFuse should
blow, have your vehicle serviced by your dealer
immediately.
Underhood Fuse Block
The underhood fuse block is located on the
passenger’s side of the engine compartment.
Remove the fuse cover and secondary service
cover to access the fuse block.
Fuses
F1
F2
F3
Usage
Spare
Driver’s Side Low-Beam
Passenger’s Side Low-Beam
Fuses
F4
F5
F6
Usage
Airbag Ignition
Engine Control Module
Transaxle Ignition
429
Fuses
F7
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12
F13
F14
F15
F16
F17
F18
F19
F20
F21
F22
F23
F24
F25
F26
F27
430
Usage
Spare
Spare
Spare
Passenger’s Side High-Beam
Headlamp
Driver’s Side High-Beam Headlamp
Windshield Washer Pump
Spare
Climate Controls, Instrument Panel
Cluster
Spare
Fog Lamps
Horn
Windshield Wiper
Driver’s Side Corner Lamp
Passenger’s Side Corner Lamp
Oxygen Sensor
Powertrain
Engine Control Module (ECM),
Crank
Injector Coil
Injector Coil
Air Conditioning
Air Solenoid
Fuses
F28
F29
F30
F31
F32
J-Case Fuse
JC1
JC2
JC3
JC4
JC5
JC6
JC7
JC8
Relays
R1
R2
R3
R4
R5
Usage
Engine Control Module, Transaxle
Control Module (ECM/TCM)
Spare
Spare
Spare
Spare
Usage
Heated Windshield Washer
Cooling Fan 1
Spare
Crank
Cooling Fan 2
Anti-lock Brake System 2
Anti-lock Brake System 1
Air Pump
Usage
Cooling Fan 1
Cooling Fan
Crank
Powertrain
Spare
Relays
R6
R7
R8
R9
R10
R11
R12
Usage
Run/Crank
Cooling Fan 2
Windshield Wiper
Air Pump
Windshield Wiper High
Air Conditioning
Air Solenoid
To remove the rear seat cushion, do the following:
1. Pull up on the front of the cushion to release
the front hooks.
2. Pull the cushion up and out toward the front
of the vehicle.
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
The rear fuse block is located under the rear seat
on the driver’s side. The rear seat cushion
must be removed to access the rear fuse block.
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion
Notice: If you touch the exposed wires with
the metal on the seat cushion, you could cause
a short that could damage the battery and or
wires. Avoid contact between the rear seat and
the fuse center whenever you remove or
reinstall the rear seat. Do not remove covers
from any of the covered parts, and do not store
anything under the seats.
3. To access the fuse block, pull out and lift up
on the cover latch, located at the end of the
fuse block, near the battery cable.
431
To reinstall the rear seat cushion, do the following:
CAUTION:
(Continued)
routed through the seat cushion at all, it
will not be there to work for the next
passenger. The person sitting in that
position could be badly injured. After
reinstalling the seat cushion, always
check to be sure that the safety belts are
properly routed and are not twisted.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is not properly routed
through the seat cushion or is twisted will
not provide the protection needed in a
crash. If the safety belt has not been
CAUTION:
432
(Continued)
1. Buckle the center passenger position safety
belt, then route the safety belts through the
proper slots in the seat cushion. Do not let the
safety belts get twisted.
2. Slide the rear of the cushion down and under
the seatback.
3. With the seat cushion lowered, push rearward
and then press down on the front of the seat
cushion until the front hooks on both ends
engage.
4. Check to make sure the safety belts are
properly routed and that no portion of any
safety belt is trapped under the seat. Pull
up on the front of the seat cushion to make
sure it is secured.
J-Case Fuses
JC1
JC2
JC3
Usage
Climate Control Fan
Rear Defogger
Electronic Leveling
Control/Compressor
Fuses
F1
F2
F3
Usage
Amplifier (Option)
Not Used
Interior Lamps
433
Fuses
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12
F13
F14
F15
F16
F17
F18
F19
F20
F21
F22
F23
F24
434
Usage
Courtesy/Passenger Side Front Turn
Signal
Canister Vent
Magnetic Ride Control Module
(Option)
Leveling Compressor
Not Used
Not Used
Switch Dimmer
Fuel Pump
Body Control Module Logic
Airbag
Accessory Power Outlets
Driver’s Side Turn Signal
Passenger Side Rear Turn Signal
Sunroof
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp,
Back-up Lamps
Rear Door Locks
Not Used
Radio, S-Band
OnStar® (Option)
Accessory Power Outlet
Driver Door Module
Fuses
F25
F26
F27
F28
F29
F30
F31
F32
F33
F34
F35
F36
F37
F38
F40
F41
F42
F43
F44
F45
F46
Usage
Passenger Door Module
Trunk Release
Heated/Cooled Seats (Option)
Engine Control Module, Transaxle
Control Module (ECM/TCM)
Regulated Voltage Control Sense
Daytime Running Lamps
Instrument Panel Harness Module
Not Used
Not Used
Steering Wheel Illumination
Body Harness Module
Memory Seat Module Logic
Massage (Option)
Object Detection Sensor (Option)
Not Used
Shifter Solenoid
Retained Accessory Power,
Miscellaneous
Driver’s Side Park Lamp
Passenger’s Side Park Lamp
Heated Steering Wheel (Option)
Not Used
Not Used
Fuses
F47
F48
F49
Circuit
Breakers
CB1
CB2
CB3
CB4
Resistor
F39
Usage
Heated/Cooled Seats, Ignition 3
(Option)
Ignition Switch
Not Used
Usage
Front Passenger’s Seat, Memory
Seat Module
Driver’s Power Seat, Memory Seat
Module
Door Module, Power Windows
Not Used
Usage
Terminating Resistor
Relays
R1
R2
R3
R4
R5
R6
R7
R8
R9
R10
R11
R12
R13
R14
R15
Usage
Retained Accessory Power
Park Lamps
Run (Option)
Daytime Running Lamps
Not Used
Trunk Release
Fuel Pump
Not Used
Door Lock
Door Unlock
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Rear Defogger
Electronic Leveling Control
Compressor
435
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 452 for more information.
Capacities
Application
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
English
Metric
For the air conditioning system refrigerant charge
amount, see the refrigerant caution label located
under the hood. See your dealer for more
information.
Automatic Transaxle- Drain and Refill
3.8L V6 Engine
7.4 qt
7.0L
4.6L V8 Engine
7.0 qt
6.6 L
3.8L V6 Engine
11.8 qt
11.2 L
4.6L V8 Engine
12.7 qt
12.0 L
3.8L V6 Engine
4.5 qt
4.3 L
4.6L V8 Engine
7.5 qt
7.1 L
Engine Cooling System
Engine Oil with Filter
436
Capacities
Application
English
Metric
3.8L Engine (with NU6 emissions) sold new in CA, ME, VT,
NY, MA (see your dealer for bordering states)
18.0 gal
68.1 L
3.8L Engine (without NU6 emissions) sold new in all other
states (see your dealer for more information)
18.5 gal
70.0 L
4.6L Engines sold new in all states
18.5 gal
70.0 L
100 lb ft
140 Y
Fuel Tank
Wheel Nut Torque
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Engine Specifications
Engine
VIN Code
Transaxle
Spark Plug Gap
3.8L V6
2
Automatic
0.060 in (1.52 mm)
4.6L V8
Y
Automatic
0.050 in (1.27 mm)
437
✍ NOTES
438
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 440
Introduction ............................................... 440
Maintenance Requirements ........................ 440
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............ 440
Using the Maintenance Schedule ............... 440
Scheduled Maintenance ............................. 442
Additional Required Services ..................... 444
Maintenance Footnotes .............................. 446
Owner Checks and Services ..................... 448
At Each Fuel Fill ....................................... 448
At Least Once a Month ............................. 449
At Least Once a Year ............................... 449
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ........ 452
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ... 453
Engine Drive Belt Routing ......................... 454
Maintenance Record .................................. 455
439
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level
and change as recommended.
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The
Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties. See
your Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or
your dealer for details.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks,
inspections, replacement parts, and
recommended fluids and lubricants as
prescribed in this manual are necessary to keep
your vehicle in good working condition. Any
damage caused by failure to follow scheduled
maintenance may not be covered by warranty.
440
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep
your vehicle in good working condition, but also
helps the environment. All recommended
maintenance is important. Improper vehicle
maintenance can even affect the quality of the air
we breathe. Improper fluid levels or the wrong
tire inflation can increase the level of emissions
from your vehicle. To help protect our environment,
and to keep your vehicle in good condition, be
sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using the Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we do not
know exactly how you will drive it. You may drive
very short distances only a few times a week. Or
you may drive long distances all the time in very
hot, dusty weather. You may use your vehicle in
making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work, to do
errands, or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need
more frequent checks and replacements. So please
read the following and note how you drive. If you
have any questions on how to keep your vehicle in
good condition, see your GM Goodwrench® dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within
recommended limits. You will find these limits
on the Tire and Loading Information label. See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 307.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within
legal driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline
Octane on page 327.
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on
page 442 should be performed when indicated. See
Additional Required Services on page 444 and
Maintenance Footnotes on page 446 for further
information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a
vehicle can be dangerous. In trying to do
some jobs, you can be seriously injured.
Do your own maintenance work only if
you have the required know-how and the
proper tools and equipment for the job. If
you have any doubt, see your GM
Goodwrench® dealer to have a qualified
technician do the work.
Some maintenance services can be complex. So,
unless you are technically qualified and have
the necessary equipment, you should have your
GM Goodwrench® dealer do these jobs.
441
When you go to your GM Goodwrench® dealer for
your service needs, you will know that GM-trained
and supported service technicians will perform
the work using genuine GM parts.
If you want to purchase service information, see
Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 478.
Owner Checks and Services on page 448 tells you
what should be checked, when to check it, and
what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids, and
lubricants to use are listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 452 and Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 453.
When your vehicle is serviced, make sure these
are used. All parts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
442
Scheduled Maintenance
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
in the Driver Information Center (DIC) comes on, it
means that service is required for your vehicle.
Have your vehicle serviced as soon as possible
within the next 600 miles (1 000 km). It is possible
that, if you are driving under the best conditions, the
engine oil life system may not indicate that vehicle
service is necessary for over a year. However, the
engine oil and filter must be changed at least once
a year and at this time the system must be reset.
Your GM Goodwrench® dealer has GM-trained
service technicians who will perform this work using
genuine GM parts and reset the system.
If the engine oil life system is ever reset
accidentally, you must service your vehicle within
3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last service.
Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed. See Engine Oil Life System on
page 340 for information on the Engine Oil Life
System and resetting the system.
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
appears, certain services, checks, and inspections
are required. Required services are described
in the following for “Maintenance I” and
“Maintenance II.” Generally, it is recommended
that your first service be Maintenance I, your
second service be Maintenance II, and that you
alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II
thereafter. However, in some cases,
Maintenance II may be required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message comes on
within 10 months since the vehicle was purchased
or Maintenance II was performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the
previous service performed was Maintenance I.
Always use Maintenance II whenever the message
comes on 10 months or more since the last
service or if the message has not come on at all
for one year.
Scheduled Maintenance
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. See Engine Oil on page 337. Reset oil life system.
See Engine Oil Life System on page 340. An Emission Control Service.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (k).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 342. See footnote (m).
•
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 398 and “Tire Wear Inspection” in At Least Once a Month on
page 449.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid as
needed.
•
•
443
Scheduled Maintenance (cont’d)
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services” in
this section.
•
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
3.8L Engine Only: Check transaxle fluid level and add fluid as needed.
•
Replace passenger compartment air filter. See footnote (g).
•
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated
miles (kilometers) shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage or
leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
444
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
25,000
(40 000)
Replace engine air cleaner filter. See
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 342.
V8 Engine Only: Throttle body service.
An Emission Control Service. See
footnotes † and (l).
Change automatic transaxle fluid and
filter (severe service). See footnote (h).
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
•
•
•
•
100,000
(160 000)
125,000
(200 000)
•
•
•
•
Change automatic transaxle fluid and
filter (normal service).
150,000
(240 000)
•
•
•
•
•
Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
•
V6 Engine Only: Inspect spark plug
wires. An Emission Control Service.
•
Engine cooling system service
(or every five years, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service. See
footnote (j).
•
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service. See
footnote (n).
•
445
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or
the California Air Resources Board has determined
that the failure to perform this maintenance item
will not nullify the emission warranty or limit
recall liability prior to the completion of the
vehicle’s useful life. We, however, urge that all
recommended maintenance services be performed
at the indicated intervals and the maintenance
be recorded.
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for
proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing,
etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors for
surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose, or missing
parts or signs of wear. Inspect power steering lines
and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc.
446
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced
if they are cracked, swollen, or deteriorated.
Inspect all pipes, fittings and clamps; replace with
genuine GM parts as needed. To help ensure
proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap and cleaning the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or
cracking. Replace wiper blades that appear worn
or damaged or that streak or miss areas of
the windshield.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all
your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors, and
anchorages are working properly. Look for
any other loose or damaged safety belt system
parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety
belt system from doing its job, have it repaired.
Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced. Also
look for any opened or broken airbag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. The
airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders. Lubricate all
hinges and latches, including those for the hood,
rear compartment, glove box door, and console
door. More frequent lubrication may be required
when exposed to a corrosive environment.
Applying silicone grease on weatherstrips with a
clean cloth will make them last longer, seal better,
and not stick or squeak.
(g) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions,
the filter may require replacement more often.
(h) Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of
these conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or
higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi, police, or delivery
service.
(j) Drain, flush, and refill cooling system. This
service can be complex; you should have
your dealer perform this service. See Engine
Coolant on page 347 for what to use. Inspect
hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap,
and filler neck. Pressure test the cooling
system and pressure cap.
(k) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could
indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired and the fluid level checked. Add fluid
if needed.
(l) Inspect throttle body bore and valve plates for
deposits. Open the throttle valve and inspect
all surfaces. Clean as required.
(m) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions,
inspect the filter at each engine oil change.
(n) Visually inspect belt for fraying, excessive
cracks, or obvious damage. Replace belt if
necessary.
447
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be
performed at the intervals specified to help ensure
the safety, dependability, and emission control
performance of your vehicle. Your GM
Goodwrench® dealer can assist you with these
checks and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at
once. Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added
to your vehicle, make sure they are the proper
ones, as shown in Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 452.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important to perform these underhood checks
at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 337 for
further details.
448
Notice: It is important to check your oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level. Failure
to keep your engine oil at the proper level can
cause damage to your engine not covered by
your warranty.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture if necessary. See
Engine Coolant on page 347 for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in
the windshield washer fluid reservoir and add the
proper fluid if necessary.
At Least Once a Month
At Least Once a Year
Tire Inflation Check
Starter Switch Check
Visually inspect your vehicle’s tires and make sure
they are inflated to the correct pressures. Do not
forget to check the spare tire. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 392. Check to make sure the
spare tire is stored securely. See Changing a Flat
Tire on page 408.
Tire Wear Inspection
Tire rotation may be required for high mileage
highway drivers prior to the Engine Oil Life System
service notification. Check the tires for wear
and, if necessary, rotate the tires. See Tire
Inspection and Rotation on page 398.
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the
vehicle moves, you or others could be
injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the
regular brake. See Parking Brake on
page 122.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if it
starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The
vehicle should start only in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N). If the vehicle starts in any
other position, contact your GM Goodwrench®
dealer for service.
449
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the
vehicle moves, you or others could be
injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked
on a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking
Brake on page 122.
Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
450
3. With the engine off, turn the ignition to RUN,
but do not start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift
lever out of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the
shift lever moves out of PARK (P), contact
your GM Goodwrench® dealer for service.
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try
to turn the ignition to OFF in each shift lever
position.
• The ignition should turn to OFF only when the
shift lever is in PARK (P).
• The ignition key should come out only in OFF.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service
is required.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle
Park (P) Mechanism Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your
vehicle could begin to move. You or
others could be injured and property
could be damaged. Make sure there is
room in front of your vehicle in case it
begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle
begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular
brake, set the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability:
With the engine running and transaxle in
NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure
from the regular brake pedal. Do this until the
vehicle is held by the parking brake only.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to
PARK (P). Then release the parking brake
followed by the regular brake.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service is
required.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take
care to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and
other debris can collect.
451
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number, or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine oil which meets GM
Standard GM6094M and displays
the American Petroleum Institute
Certified for Gasoline Engines
Engine Oil
starburst symbol. GM Goodwrench®
oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle. To determine the
proper viscosity for your vehicle’s
engine, see Engine Oil on page 337.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
®
Engine Coolant water and use only DEX-COOL
Coolant. See Engine Coolant on
page 347.
Hydraulic Brake Delco® Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Windshield
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Washer
452
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985, in
Parking Brake Canada 88901242) or lubricant
Cable Guides meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Power Steering GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 89021184, in
System
Canada 89021186).
Automatic
DEXRON®-VI Automatic
Transaxle
Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
Key Lock
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Cylinders
Canada 10953474).
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
Secondary
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293, in
Latch, Pivots, Canada 992723) or lubricant
Spring Anchor, meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
and
Category LB or GC-LB.
Release Pawl
Lubricant, Superlube
Hood and Door Multi-Purpose
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Hinges
Canada 10953474).
Weatherstrip Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 3634770,
Weatherstrip in Canada 10953518) or
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your
dealer.
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
GM Part Number
ACDelco® Part
Number
22676970
A1627C
3.8L V6 Engine
25010792
PF47
4.6L V8 Engine
89017342
PF61
15811562
CF138
3.8L V6
12568387
41-101
4.6L V8
12571535
41-987
Driver’s Side – 23.6 inches (60.0 cm)
15788730
—
Passenger’s Side – 20.8 inches (53.0 cm)
15788731
—
Part
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Engine Oil Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Spark Plugs
Windshield Wiper Blades
453
Engine Drive Belt Routing
4.6L V8 Engine
3.8L V6 Engine
454
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the
service, and the type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on
page 440. Any additional information from Owner Checks and Services on page 448 can be added on the
following record pages. You should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
455
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
456
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
457
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
458
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance and Information ....... 460
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ............... 460
Online Owner Center ................................. 463
Customer Assistance for
Text Telephone (TTY) Users .................. 464
Customer Assistance Offices ..................... 464
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ........ 465
Roadside Assistance Program ................... 466
Courtesy Transportation ............................. 469
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders ...................................... 471
Collision Damage Repair ........................... 472
Reporting Safety Defects ............................ 477
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ..................... 477
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ............................ 477
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors ...................................... 478
Service Publications Ordering
Information ............................................. 478
459
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important
to your dealer and to Buick. Normally, any
concerns with the sales transaction or the
operation of your vehicle will be resolved by your
GM dealer’s sales or service departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions
of all concerned, misunderstandings can occur.
If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns
can be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter
has already been reviewed with the sales,
service, or parts manager, contact the owner of
the dealership or the general manager.
460
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern
cannot be resolved by the dealership without
further help, in the U.S., contact the Buick
Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contact General
Motors of Canada Customer Communication
Centre by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number
in order to give your inquiry prompt attention.
Please have the following information available to
give the Customer Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number.
This is available from the vehicle registration
or title, or the plate at the top left of the
instrument panel.
• Dealership name and location
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Buick, please remember
that your concern will likely be resolved at a
dealer’s facility. That is why we suggest you
follow Step One first if you have a concern.
STEP THREE — U.S. Owners: Both General
Motors and your dealer are committed to making
sure you are completely satisfied with your new
vehicle. However, in the United States, if you
continue to remain unsatisfied after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, you
should file with the BBB Auto Line Program to
enforce your rights.
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court
program administered by the Council of Better
Business Bureaus to settle automotive disputes
regarding vehicle repairs or the interpretation
of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Although you
may be required to resort to this informal dispute
resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case
will generally be heard within 40 days. If you do
not agree with the decision given in your case, you
may reject it and proceed with any other venue
for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using
the toll-free telephone number or write them at the
following address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited
by vehicle age, mileage and other factors.
General Motors reserves the right to change
eligibility limitations and/or discontinue its
participation in this program.
461
STEP THREE — Canadian Owner: In the event
that you do not feel your concerns have been
addressed after following the procedure outlined in
Steps one and two, General Motors of Canada
Limited wants you to be aware of its participation
in a no-charge Mediation/Arbitration program.
General Motors of Canada Limited has committed
to binding arbitration of owner disputes involving
factory-related vehicle service claims. The program
provides for the review of the facts involved by
an impartial third party arbiter, and may include an
informal hearing before the arbiter. The program
is designed so that the entire dispute settlement
process, from the time you file your complaint
to the final decision, should be completed
in approximately 70 days. We believe our impartial
program offers advantages over courts in most
jurisdictions because it is informal, quick, and free
of charge.
462
For further information concerning eligibility in
the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan
(CAMVAP), call toll-free 1-800-207-0685.
Alternatively you may call the General Motors
Customer Communication Centre, 1-800-263-3777
(English), 1-800-263-7854 (French), or you may
write to the Mediation/Arbitration Program at
the following address. Your inquiry should
be accompanied by your Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN).
Mediation/Arbitration Program
c/o Customer Communication Centre
General Motors of Canada Limited
Mail Code: CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Online Owner Center
My GM Canada (Canada only)
Online Owner Center
(United States only)
My GM Canada is a password-protected section
of gmcanada.com where you can save information
on GM vehicles, get personalized offers, and
use handy tools and forms with greater ease.
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM
ownership needs. Specific vehicle information
can be found in one place.
The Online Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific
vehicle, including tips and videos and
an electronic version of this owner manual.
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history
and maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges
only available to members.
Here are a few of the valuable tools and services
you will have access to:
− My Showroom: Find and save information on
vehicles and current offers in your area.
− My Dealers/Retailers: Save details such as
address and phone number for each of
your preferred GM Dealers or Retailers.
− My Driveway: Receive service reminders and
helpful advice on owning and maintaining
your vehicle.
− My Preferences: Manage your profile,
subscribe to E-News and use tools and forms
with greater ease.
Refer to www.MyGMLink.com on the web for
updated information and to register your vehicle.
To sign up to My GM Canada, visit the My GM
Canada section within www.gmcanada.com.
463
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of
hearing, or speech-impaired and who use
Text Telephones (TTYs), Buick has TTY
equipment available at its Customer Assistance
Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Buick by dialing: 1-800-83-BUICK. TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.
Customer Assistance Offices
Buick encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. However, if a customer
wishes to write or e-mail Buick, the letter should
be addressed to:
United States — Customer Assistance
Buick Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33136
Detroit, MI 48232-5136
www.Buick.com
1-800-521-7300
1-800-832-8425 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
464
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-252-1112
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada — Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication
Centre, CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
www.gmcanada.com
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
Overseas — Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors
Business Unit.
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries
(Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) — Customer Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
This program, available to qualified applicants,
can reimburse you up to $1,000 of the cost
of eligible aftermarket adaptive equipment required
for your vehicle, such as hand controls or a
wheelchair/scooter lift.
The offer is available for a very limited period of
time from the date of vehicle purchase/lease.
For more details, or to determine your vehicle’s
eligibility, visit gmmobility.com or call the GM
Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
General Motors of Canada also has a Mobility
Program. Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483)
for details. TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
465
Roadside Assistance Program
In the U.S. call 1-800-252-1112.
In Canada call 1-800-268-6800.
Service available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
As the proud owner of a new Buick vehicle, you
are automatically enrolled in the Roadside
Assistance program. This value-added service is
intended to provide you with peace of mind as you
drive in the city or travel the open road.
Who is Covered?
Roadside Assistance coverage is for the vehicle
operator, regardless of ownership. A person driving
this vehicle without the consent of the owner is
not eligible for coverage.
466
The following services are provided in the U.S.
during the Bumper-to-Bumper warranty period and,
in Canada, during the Base Warranty coverage
period of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty, up to
a maximum coverage of $100.
• Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel for the
customer to get to the nearest service station
(approximately $5 in the U.S. and 10 litres
in Canada). Service to provide diesel may be
restricted. For safety reasons, propane
and other alternative fuels will not be provided
through this service.
• Lock-out Service: To ensure security, the
driver must present the vehicle registration and
personal ID before lock-out service is provided.
Lock-out service will be covered at no charge if
you are unable to gain entry into your vehicle.
If your vehicle will not start, Roadside
Assistance will arrange to have your vehicle
towed to the nearest authorized dealership.
In the U.S., replacement keys made at the
customer’s expense will be covered within
10 miles (16 km).
• Emergency Tow From a Public Roadway or
Highway: Tow to the nearest dealership for
warranty service or in the event of a
vehicle-disabling accident. Winch-out
assistance when the vehicle is mired in sand,
mud, or snow.
• Flat Tire Change: Installation of your spare tire
in good condition will be covered at no charge.
The customer is responsible for the repair or
replacement of the tire if not covered by a
warrantable failure.
• Jump Start: No-start occurrences which
require a battery jump start will be covered at
no charge.
Additional Services for Canadian
Customers
• Trip Routing Service: Upon Request,
Roadside Assistance will send you detailed,
computer-personalized maps, highlighting your
choice of either the most direct route or the
most scenic route to your destination,
anywhere in North America, along with any
helpful travel information we may have
pertaining to your trip. To request this service,
please call us toll-free at 1-800-268-6800.
We will make every attempt to send your
personalized trip routing as quickly as possible,
but it is best to allow three weeks before your
planned departure date. Trip routing requests
will be limited to six per calendar year.
• Trip Interruption Benefits and Assistance:
In the event of a warranty related vehicle
disablement, while en route and over
250 kilometres from original point of departure,
you may qualify for trip interruption expense
assistance. This assistance covers reasonable
reimbursement of up to a maximum of
$500 (Canadian) for (A) meals (maximum of
$50/day), (B) lodging (maximum of $100/night)
and (C) alternate ground transportation
(maximum of $40/day). This benefit is to assist
you with some of the unplanned expense you
may incur while waiting for your vehicle to be
repaired.
Pre-authorization, original detailed receipts and
a copy of the repair order are required.
Once authorization has been given, your
advisor will help you make any necessary
arrangements and explain how to claim for trip
interruption expense assistance.
467
• Alternative Service: There may be times,
when Roadside Assistance cannot provide
timely assistance, your advisor may authorize
you to secure local emergency road service,
and you will be reimbursed up to $100 upon
submission of the original receipt to Roadside
Assistance.
In many instances, mechanical failures are covered
under Buick’s Bumper-to-Bumper warranty for U.S.
customers, and the duration of the Base Warranty
Coverage for Canadian customers of the new
Vehicle Limited Warranty. However, any cost for
parts and labor for non-warranty repairs are the
responsibility of the driver.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling,
please provide the following to the Roadside
Assistance Representative:
• Your name, home address, and home
telephone number.
• Telephone number of your location.
• Location of the vehicle.
468
• Model, year, color, and license plate number.
• Odometer reading, Vehicle Identification
Number, and delivery date of the vehicle.
• Description of the problem.
While we hope you never have the occasion to
use our service, it is added security while traveling
for you and your family. Remember, we are
only a phone call away. U.S. customers call
Buick Roadside Assistance: 1-800-252-1112,
TTY users, call 1-888-889-2438, Canadian
customers call 1-800-268-6800.
Buick and General Motors of Canada Limited
reserve the right to limit services or reimbursement
to an owner or driver when, in their sole
discretion, the claims become excessive in
frequency or type of occurrence.
Roadside Assistance is not part of or included in
the coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. Buick and General Motors of Canada
Limited reserve the right to make any changes or
discontinue the Roadside Assistance program
at any time without notification.
Towing and Road Service Exclusions
Specifically excluded from Roadside Assistance
coverage are towing or services for vehicles
operated on a non-public roadway or highway,
fines, impound towing caused by a violation
of local, Municipal, State, Provincial, or Federal
law, and mounting, dismounting or changing
of snow tires, chains, or other traction devices.
Courtesy Transportation
To enhance your ownership experience, we and
our participating dealers are proud to offer
Courtesy Transportation, a customer support
program for new vehicles.
For warranty repairs during the Bumper-to-Bumper
(U.S.) or Base Warranty Coverage period
(Canada), provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, interim transportation may be available
under the Courtesy Transportation program.
Several courtesy transportation options are
available to assist in reducing your inconvenience
when warranty repairs are required.
Courtesy Transportation is not a part of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty and is available only
at participating dealers. A separate booklet entitled
“Warranty and Owner Assistance Information”
furnished with each new vehicle provides detailed
warranty coverage information.
Scheduling Service Appointments
When your vehicle requires warranty service,
you should contact your dealer and request an
appointment. By scheduling a service appointment
and advising your service consultant of your
transportation needs, your dealer can help
minimize your inconvenience.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the
service department immediately, keep driving it
until it can be scheduled for service, unless,
of course, the problem is safety-related. If it is,
please call your dealership, let them know this, and
ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the
vehicle off for service, you are urged to do so as
early in the work day as possible to allow for
the same day repair.
469
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed
while you wait. However, if you are unable to wait,
GM helps to minimize your inconvenience by
providing several transportation options.
Depending on the circumstances, your dealer can
offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Shuttle service is the preferred means of offering
Courtesy Transportation and participating
dealers can provide you with shuttle service to get
you to your destination with minimal interruption
of your daily schedule. This includes one-way
or round trip shuttle service within reasonable time
and distance parameters for the dealer’s area.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
and public transportation is used as ‘shuttle
service,’ the reimbursement is limited to the
associated shuttle allowance and must be
supported by original receipts.
470
In addition, for U.S. customers, should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative, limited
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses may
be available. Claim amounts should reflect actual
costs and be supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a
courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you for
a rental vehicle that you obtain if your vehicle is
kept for an overnight warranty repair. Rental
reimbursement will be limited and must be
supported by original receipts. This requires that
you sign and complete a rental agreement
and meet state/provincial, local, and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and
may include minimum age requirements, insurance
coverage, credit card, etc. You are responsible
for fuel usage charges and may also be
responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees,
excessive mileage, or rental usage beyond the
completion of the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle
as a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
All program options, such as shuttle service, may
not be available at every dealer. Please contact
your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation
arrangements will be administered by appropriate
dealer personnel.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally
modify, change or discontinue Courtesy
Transportation at any time and to resolve all
questions of claim eligibility pursuant to the terms
and conditions described herein at its sole
discretion.
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles,
has a number of sophisticated computer systems
that monitor and control several aspects of the
vehicle’s performance. Your vehicle uses on-board
vehicle computers to monitor emission control
components to optimize fuel economy, to monitor
conditions for airbag deployment and, if so
equipped, to provide anti-lock braking and to
help the driver control the vehicle in difficult driving
situations. Some information may be stored
during regular operations to facilitate repair of
detected malfunctions; other information is stored
only in a crash event by computer systems,
such as those commonly called Event Data
Recorders (EDR).
In a crash event, computer systems, such as the
airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM)
in your vehicle may record information about the
condition of the vehicle and how it was operated,
such as data related to engine speed, brake
application, throttle position, vehicle speed, safety
belt usage, airbag readiness, airbag performance,
and the severity of a collision. If your vehicle is
equipped with StabiliTrak®, steering performance,
including yaw rate, steering wheel angle, and
lateral acceleration, is also recorded. This
information has been used to improve vehicle
crash performance and may be used to improve
crash performance of future vehicles and driving
safety. Unlike the data recorders on many
airplanes, these on-board systems do not
record sounds, such as conversation of vehicle
occupants.
471
To read this information, special equipment is
needed and access to the vehicle or the device
that stores the data is required. GM will not access
information about a crash event or share it with
others other than:
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the
lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or
similar government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through
the discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data,
GM may:
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where
appropriate confidentiality is to be maintained
and need is shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a
specific vehicle with non-GM organizations
for research purposes.
472
Others, such as law enforcement, may have
access to the special equipment that can read the
information if they have access to the vehicle
or the device that stores the data.
If your vehicle has OnStar®, please check the
OnStar® subscription service agreement or manual
for information on its operations and data
collection.
Collision Damage Repair
If your vehicle is involved in a collision and it is
damaged, have the damage repaired by a qualified
technician using the proper equipment and
quality replacement parts. Poorly performed
collision repairs will diminish your vehicle’s resale
value, and safety performance can be
compromised in subsequent collisions.
Collision Parts
Genuine GM Collision parts are new parts made
with the same materials and construction methods
as the parts with which your vehicle was originally
built. Genuine GM Collision parts are your best
choice to assure that your vehicle’s designed
appearance, durability, and safety are preserved.
The use of Genuine GM parts can help maintain
your GM New Vehicle Warranty.
Recycled original equipment parts may also be
used for repair. These parts are typically removed
from vehicles that were total losses in prior
accidents. In most cases, the parts being recycled
are from undamaged sections of the vehicle.
A recycled original equipment GM part, may be an
acceptable choice to maintain your vehicle’s
originally designed appearance and safety
performance, however, the history of these parts
is not known. Such parts are not covered by
your GM New Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any
related failures are not covered by that warranty.
Aftermarket collision parts are also available.
These are made by companies other than GM
and may not have been tested for your vehicle.
As a result, these parts may fit poorly, exhibit
premature durability/corrosion problems, and may
not perform properly in subsequent collisions.
Aftermarket parts are not covered by your GM
New Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any vehicle
failure related to such parts are not covered by that
warranty.
Repair Facility
GM also recommends that you choose a collision
repair facility that meets your needs before you
ever need collision repairs. Your GM dealer
may have a collision repair center with GM-trained
technicians and state of the art equipment, or
be able to recommend a collision repair center that
has GM-trained technicians and comparable
equipment.
473
Insuring Your Vehicle
If an Accident Occurs
Protect your investment in your GM vehicle with
comprehensive and collision insurance coverage.
There are significant differences in the quality
of coverage afforded by various insurance policy
terms. Many insurance policies provide reduced
protection to your GM vehicle by limiting
compensation for damage repairs by using
aftermarket collision parts. Some insurance
companies will not specify aftermarket collision
parts. When purchasing insurance, we recommend
that you assure your vehicle will be repaired
with GM original equipment collision parts. If such
insurance coverage is not available from your
current insurance carrier, consider switching
to another insurance carrier.
Here is what to do if you are involved in an
accident.
• Try to relax and then check to make sure you
are all right. If you are uninjured, make sure
that no one else in your vehicle, or the
other vehicle, is injured.
• If there has been an injury, call 911 for help.
Do not leave the scene of an accident until
all matters have been taken care of. Move
your vehicle only if its position puts you
in danger or you are instructed to move it by
a police officer.
• Give only the necessary and requested
information to police and other parties involved
in the accident. Do not discuss your personal
condition, mental frame of mind, or anything
unrelated to the accident. This will help guard
against post-accident legal action.
• If you need roadside assistance, call
GM Roadside Assistance. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 466 for more
information.
If your vehicle is leased, the leasing company may
require you to have insurance that assures
repairs with Genuine GM Original Equipment
Manufacturer (OEM) parts or Genuine
Manufacturer replacement parts. Read your lease
carefully, as you may be charged at the end of
your lease for poor quality repairs.
474
• If your vehicle cannot be driven, know where
• If possible, call your insurance company from
the towing service will be taking it. Get a
card from the tow truck operator or write down
the driver’s name, the service’s name, and
the phone number.
• Remove any valuables from your vehicle
before it is towed away. Make sure this
includes your insurance information and
registration if you keep these items in your
vehicle.
• Gather the important information you will need
from the other driver. Things like name,
address, phone number, driver’s license
number, vehicle license plate, vehicle make,
model and model year, Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN), insurance company and
policy number, and a general description of
the damage to the other vehicle.
the scene of the accident. They will walk you
through the information they will need.
If they ask for a police report, phone or go to
the police department headquarters the
next day and you can get a copy of the report
for a nominal fee. In some states/provinces
with “no fault” insurance laws, a report may not
be necessary. This is especially true if there
are no injuries and both vehicles are driveable.
• Choose a reputable collision repair facility
for your vehicle. Whether you select a
GM dealer or a private collision repair facility
to fix the damage, make sure you are
comfortable with them. Remember, you will
have to feel comfortable with their work
for a long time.
• Once you have an estimate, read it carefully
and make sure you understand what work
will be performed on your vehicle. If you have
a question, ask for an explanation. Reputable
shops welcome this opportunity.
475
Managing the Vehicle Damage Repair
Process
In the event that your vehicle requires damage
repairs, GM recommends that you take an active
role in its repair. If you have a pre-determined
repair facility of choice, take your vehicle there, or
have it towed there. Specify to the facility that
any required replacement collision parts be original
equipment parts, either new Genuine GM parts
or recycled original GM parts. Remember, recycled
parts will not be covered by your GM vehicle
warranty.
Insurance pays the bill for the repair, but you must
live with the repair. Depending on your policy
limits, your insurance company may initially value
the repair using aftermarket parts. Discuss this
with your repair professional, and insist on
Genuine GM parts.
476
Remember if your vehicle is leased you may be
obligated to have the vehicle repaired with
Genuine GM parts, even if your insurance
coverage does not pay the full cost.
If another party’s insurance company is paying for
the repairs, you are not obligated to accept a
repair valuation based on that insurance
company’s collision policy repair limits, as you
have no contractual limits with that company.
In such cases, you can have control of the repair
and parts choices as long as cost stays within
reasonable limits.
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or
death, you should immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA),
in addition to notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may
open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety
defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may
order a recall and remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved in individual
problems between you, your dealer, or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle
Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-327-4236
(TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to
http://www.safercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA
400 Seventh Street, SW.
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov.
Reporting Safety Defects to
the Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your
vehicle has a safety defect, you should
immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition
to notifying General Motors of Canada Limited.
You may call them at 1-800-333-0510 or write to:
Transport Canada
Road Safety Branch
2780 Sheffield Road
Ottawa, Ontario K1B 3V9
477
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
Service Publications Ordering
Information
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport
Canada) in a situation like this, we certainly hope
you will notify us.
Service Manuals
Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write:
Buick Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33136
Detroit, MI 48232-5136
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777
(English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle
suspension, brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair
service procedures, adjustments, and
specifications for GM transmissions, transaxles,
and transfer cases.
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General
Motors cars and trucks. Each bulletin contains
instructions to assist in the diagnosis and service
of your vehicle.
478
In Canada, the service bulletin reference number
can be obtained by contacting your General
Motors dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483). This reference number is
needed to order the service bulletin from
Helm, Inc.
Current and Past Model Order Forms
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $6.00 US + Processing Fee
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
Owner Information
Owner publications are written specifically for
owners and intended to provide basic operational
information about the vehicle. The owner manual
will include the Maintenance Schedule for
all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner Manual,
and Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00 US +
Processing Fee
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00 US +
Processing Fee
Technical Service Bulletins and Manuals are
available for current and past model GM vehicles.
To request an order form, please specify year
and model name of the vehicle.
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. on
the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and
without incurring obligation. Allow ample time
for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are
to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
479
✍ NOTES
480
A
Accessories and Modifications ..................... 325
Accessory Power Outlet(s) .......................... 181
Additives, Fuel ............................................ 328
Add-On Electrical Equipment ....................... 428
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ............................. 342
Air Conditioning .................................. 182, 186
Airbag
Passenger Status Indicator ....................... 198
Readiness Light ....................................... 197
Airbag Sensing and
Diagnostic Module (SDM) ......................... 471
Airbag System ............................................... 70
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ......................... 87
How Does an Airbag Restrain? .................. 79
Passenger Sensing System ....................... 81
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ..... 86
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? .................. 78
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates? ...................................... 79
When Should an Airbag Inflate? ................. 76
Where Are the Airbags? ............................. 72
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................... 281
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light ....... 202
Appearance Care
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ........
Care of Safety Belts ................................
Chemical Paint Spotting ...........................
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ..............
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ..........
Fabric/Carpet ...........................................
Finish Care ..............................................
Finish Damage .........................................
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and
Other Plastic Surfaces ..........................
Leather ....................................................
Sheet Metal Damage ...............................
Tires ........................................................
Underbody Maintenance ...........................
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ..........
Washing Your Vehicle ..............................
Weatherstrips ...........................................
Windshield and Wiper Blades ...................
Ashtray(s) ....................................................
Audio System(s) ..........................................
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................
Backglass Antenna ...................................
Care of Your CD Player ...........................
Care of Your CDs ....................................
424
422
425
422
418
420
423
425
421
421
425
424
425
426
422
422
423
182
241
271
274
274
273
481
Audio System(s) (cont.)
Navigation/Radio System,
see Navigation Manual .........................
Radio with CD ................................ 245,
Setting the Time .............................. 242,
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................
Understanding Radio Reception ...............
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ......
Automatic Transaxle
Fluid ........................................................
Operation .................................................
271
251
243
271
272
274
343
119
B
Backglass Antenna ......................................
Battery ........................................................
Electric Power Management .....................
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver .................
Inadvertent Power Saver ..........................
Run-Down Protection ...............................
482
274
370
176
173
177
177
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ....................
Brake
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................
Emergencies ............................................
Panic Assist .............................................
Parking ....................................................
System Warning Light ..............................
Brakes ........................................................
Braking .......................................................
Braking in Emergencies ...............................
Break-In, New Vehicle .................................
Bulb Replacement .......................................
Halogen Bulbs .........................................
Headlamp Aiming .....................................
License Plate Lamps ................................
Replacement Bulbs ..................................
Taillamps and Back-Up Lamps .................
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Sidemarker Lamps ................................
Buying New Tires ........................................
298
281
283
285
122
201
367
280
283
113
380
380
377
383
383
382
380
400
C
Calibration .......................... 19, 130, 132, 218
California Fuel ............................................. 328
California Proposition 65 Warning ................ 326
Canadian Owners ........................................... 3
Capacities and Specifications ...................... 436
Carbon Monoxide .............. 106, 127, 302, 315
Care of
Safety Belts ............................................. 422
Your CD Player ........................................ 274
Your CDs ................................................. 273
CD, MP3 ..................................................... 262
Center Console Storage Area ...................... 151
Center Flex Storage Unit ............................. 152
Center Front Passenger Position,
Safety Belts ............................................... 35
Center Seat .................................................. 18
Chains, Tire ................................................. 406
Charging System Light ................................ 200
Check
Engine Light ............................................ 206
Checking Things Under the Hood ................ 332
Chemical Paint Spotting .............................. 425
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ............................. 49
Infants and Young Children ........................ 46
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children ..... 55
Older Children ........................................... 43
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position ................................. 62
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Front Seat Position ..................... 65
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position ........................ 65
Where to Put the Restraint ........................ 53
Cigarette Lighter .......................................... 182
Cleaning
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ........ 424
Exterior Lamps/Lenses ............................. 422
Fabric/Carpet ........................................... 420
Finish Care .............................................. 423
Inside of Your Vehicle .............................. 418
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and
Other Plastic Surfaces .......................... 421
Leather .................................................... 421
Tires ........................................................ 424
Underbody Maintenance ........................... 425
483
Cleaning (cont.)
Washing Your Vehicle .............................. 422
Weatherstrips ........................................... 422
Windshield and Wiper Blades ................... 423
Climate Control System ............................... 182
Air Filter, Passenger Compartment ........... 192
Dual Automatic ......................................... 186
Outlet Adjustment ..................................... 192
Collision Damage Repair ............................. 472
Comfort Guides, Rear Safety Belt ................. 39
Compact Spare Tire .................................... 418
Compass ............................ 19, 130, 132, 218
Content Theft-Deterrent ............................... 110
Control of a Vehicle ..................................... 280
Convenience Net ......................................... 152
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ........................ 204
Engine Temperature Warning Light ........... 204
Heater, Engine ......................................... 117
Cooled Seats ................................................ 12
Cooling System .................................. 354, 360
Cornering Lamps ......................................... 173
Courtesy Lamps .......................................... 174
Cruise Control ............................................. 167
Cruise Control Light .................................... 210
Cupholder(s) ................................................ 151
484
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation ...........................
Customer Assistance for
Text Telephone (TTY) Users .................
Customer Assistance Offices ....................
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..............
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ......
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors .....................................
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ..........................
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ....................
Roadside Assistance Program ..................
Service Publications Ordering
Information ...........................................
469
464
464
460
465
478
477
477
466
478
D
Daytime Running Lamps .............................
Delayed Entry Lighting ................................
Delayed Exit Lighting ...................................
DIC Compass ..............................................
Disc, MP3 ...................................................
Doing Your Own Service Work ....................
172
174
175
218
262
326
Door
Delayed Locking ...................................... 103
Locks ....................................................... 102
Power Door Locks ................................... 103
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ....... 104
Rear Door Security Locks ........................ 104
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ................................... 25
Driver Information Center (DIC) ................... 212
DIC Controls and Displays ....................... 212
DIC Vehicle Customization ....................... 231
DIC Warnings and Messages ................... 221
Driving
At Night ................................................... 291
City .......................................................... 296
Defensive ................................................. 276
Drunken ................................................... 277
Freeway ................................................... 297
Hill and Mountain Roads .......................... 300
In Rain and on Wet Roads ...................... 293
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out .......... 307
Winter ...................................................... 302
Dual Automatic Climate Control System ....... 186
E
Electric Power Management ........................
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ...................................
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................
Power Windows and
Other Power Options ............................
Rear Underseat Fuse Block .....................
Underhood Fuse Block .............................
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ......................................
Battery .....................................................
Check and Service Engine Soon Light .....
Coolant ....................................................
Coolant Heater .........................................
Coolant Temperature Gage ......................
Coolant Temperature Warning Light ..........
Drive Belt Routing ....................................
Engine Compartment Overview ................
Exhaust ...................................................
Oil ...........................................................
Oil Life System ........................................
176
428
428
428
431
428
342
370
206
347
117
204
204
454
334
127
337
340
485
Engine (cont.)
Overheated Protection Operating Mode ...... 353
Overheating ............................................. 351
Starting .................................................... 116
Entry Lighting .............................................. 174
Event Data Recorders (EDR) ...................... 471
Extender, Safety Belt ..................................... 42
Exterior Lamps ............................................ 170
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver .................... 173
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................
Finish Damage ............................................
Flashers, Hazard Warning ...........................
Flash-to-Pass ..............................................
Flat Tire ......................................................
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................
Flat Tire, Storing .........................................
486
342
425
160
164
407
408
416
Fluid
Automatic Transaxle .................................
Power Steering ........................................
Windshield Washer ..................................
Fog Lamp Light ...........................................
Fog Lamps ..................................................
Front Reading Lamps ..................................
Front Storage Area ......................................
Fuel ............................................................
Additives ..................................................
California Fuel ..........................................
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ..............
Filling Your Tank ......................................
Fuels in Foreign Countries .......................
Gage .......................................................
Gasoline Octane ......................................
Gasoline Specifications ............................
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................
Rear Underseat Fuse Block .....................
Underhood Fuse Block .............................
343
364
365
210
173
175
151
327
328
328
332
330
329
211
327
328
428
431
428
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ....................
Fuel .........................................................
Speedometer ...........................................
Tachometer ..............................................
Garage Door Opener .......................... 139,
Gasoline
Octane .....................................................
Specifications ...........................................
Glove Box ...................................................
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ..........
204
211
196
196
140
327
328
151
465
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................ 160
Head Restraints ............................................ 17
Headlamp
Aiming ..................................................... 377
Headlamps
Bulb Replacement .................................... 380
Daytime Running Lamps .......................... 172
Flash-to-Pass ........................................... 164
Halogen Bulbs ......................................... 380
High/Low Beam Changer ......................... 163
On Reminder ........................................... 171
Wiper Activated ........................................ 171
Heated Seats ......................................... 11, 12
Heated Steering Wheel ............................... 161
Heater ......................................................... 182
Heater ......................................................... 186
Highbeam On Light ..................................... 210
Highway Hypnosis ....................................... 299
Hill and Mountain Roads ............................. 300
Hood
Checking Things Under ............................ 332
Release ................................................... 333
Horn ............................................................ 160
How to Use This Manual ................................ 4
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............... 25
487
I
L
Ignition Positions ......................................... 114
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver ................. 177
Infants and Young Children, Restraints .......... 46
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................... 392
Instrument Panel
Overview .................................................. 158
Instrument Panel (I/P)
Brightness ................................................ 174
Cluster ..................................................... 194
Labeling, Tire Sidewall ................................. 386
Lamps
Battery Run-Down Protection ................... 177
Cornering ................................................. 173
Courtesy .................................................. 174
Electric Power Management ..................... 176
Exterior .................................................... 170
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver ................. 173
Fog .......................................................... 173
Front Reading .......................................... 175
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver .............. 177
LATCH System
Child Restraints ......................................... 55
License Plate Lamps ................................... 383
Light
Airbag Readiness ..................................... 197
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ............. 202
Brake System Warning ............................. 201
Charging System ..................................... 200
J
Jump Starting .............................................. 372
K
Keyless Entry System ................................... 94
Keys ............................................................. 93
488
Light (cont.)
Cruise Control ..........................................
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning .......
Fog Lamp ................................................
Highbeam On ..........................................
Malfunction Indicator ................................
Oil Pressure .............................................
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder ..............
Safety Belt Reminder ...............................
Security ...................................................
StabiliTrak® Indicator ................................
TCS Warning Light ..................................
Tire Pressure ...........................................
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning .....
Lighting
Delayed Entry ..........................................
Delayed Exit ............................................
Entry ........................................................
Perimeter .................................................
Theater Dimming .....................................
Loading Your Vehicle ...................................
Locks
Delayed Locking ......................................
Door ........................................................
Lockout Protection ...................................
Power Door .............................................
210
204
210
210
206
209
198
197
196
210
203
202
205
202
174
175
174
175
175
307
103
102
105
103
Locks (cont.)
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ....... 104
Rear Door Security Locks ........................ 104
Loss of Control ........................................... 290
Lumbar
Power Controls .......................................... 10
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services .................... 444
At Each Fuel Fill ...................................... 448
At Least Once a Month ............................ 449
At Least Once a Year .............................. 449
Introduction .............................................. 440
Maintenance Footnotes ............................ 446
Maintenance Record ................................ 455
Maintenance Requirements ...................... 440
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts .... 453
Owner Checks and Services .................... 448
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ....... 452
Scheduled Maintenance ........................... 442
Using ....................................................... 440
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............ 440
Malfunction Indicator Light ........................... 206
Manual Passenger Seat .................................. 9
Memory Seat and Mirrors .............................. 13
489
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages ................... 221
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview
with Compass ....................................... 132
Automatic Dimming Rearview
with OnStar® ........................................ 129
Automatic Dimming Rearview
with OnStar® and Compass .................. 130
Manual Rearview Mirror ........................... 129
Manual Rearview Mirror with
Compass and Temperature ..................... 19
Manual Rearview Mirror with OnStar® ...... 129
Outside Automatic Dimming
Heated Mirror ....................................... 135
Outside Convex Mirror ............................. 134
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror ............... 134
Outside Power Mirrors ............................. 133
MP3 ............................................................ 262
MyGMLink.com ............................................ 463
490
N
Navigation/Radio System,
see Navigation Manual ............................. 271
New Vehicle Break-In .................................. 113
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..... 453
O
Odometer .................................................... 196
Odometer, Trip ............................................ 196
Off-Road Recovery ...................................... 288
Oil
Engine ..................................................... 337
Pressure Light .......................................... 209
Oil, Engine Oil Life System ......................... 340
Older Children, Restraints ............................. 43
Online Owner Center ................................... 463
OnStar® System, see OnStar® Manual ........ 135
Other Warning Devices ................................ 160
Outlet Adjustment ........................................ 192
Outlet(s), Accessory Power .......................... 181
Outside
Automatic Dimming Heated Mirror ............ 135
Convex Mirror .......................................... 134
Curb View Assist Mirror ........................... 134
Power Mirrors .......................................... 133
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode ....................................... 353
Owner Checks and Services ....................... 448
Owners, Canadian .......................................... 3
P
Paint, Damage ............................................
Panic Brake Assist ......................................
Park Aid ......................................................
Park (P)
Shifting Into .............................................
Shifting Out of .........................................
Parking
Assist .......................................................
Brake .......................................................
Over Things That Burn ............................
425
285
178
123
125
178
122
126
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............... 198
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ............... 192
Passenger Sensing System ........................... 81
Passing ....................................................... 288
PASS-Key® III+ ........................................... 111
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ........................... 112
Perimeter Lighting ....................................... 175
Power
Accessory Outlet(s) .................................. 181
Door Locks .............................................. 103
Electrical System ..................................... 428
Inadvertent Battery Saver ......................... 177
Lumbar Controls ........................................ 10
Retained Accessory (RAP) ....................... 115
Seat ............................................................ 9
Steering Fluid .......................................... 364
Windows .................................................. 109
Pretensioners, Safety Belt ............................. 42
Programmable Automatic Door Locks .......... 104
Q
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ...... 24
491
R
Radiator Pressure Cap ................................ 351
Radios ........................................................ 241
Care of Your CD Player ........................... 274
Care of Your CDs .................................... 273
Navigation/Radio System,
see Navigation Manual ......................... 271
Radio with CD ................................ 245, 251
Setting the Time .............................. 242, 243
Theft-Deterrent ......................................... 271
Understanding Reception ......................... 272
Rainsense™ II Wipers ................................. 165
Rear Door Security Locks ........................... 104
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides .................. 39
Rear Seat Armrest ...................................... 152
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .............. 36
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming
with Compass .......................................... 132
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming
with OnStar® ............................................ 129
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming
with OnStar® and Compass ..................... 130
Rearview Mirror with Compass
and Temperature ........................................ 19
Rearview Mirror with OnStar® ...................... 129
Rearview Mirrors ......................................... 129
492
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 14
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants .......... 452
Recreational Vehicle Towing ........................ 313
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System ............ 94
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System,
Operation ................................................... 95
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire ........................... 410
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ............ 409
Replacement Bulbs ..................................... 383
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government ............................. 477
General Motors ........................................ 478
United States Government ....................... 477
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems ................. 88
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ......................................... 89
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ................ 115
Right Front Passenger Position,
Safety Belts ............................................... 34
Roadside
Assistance Program ................................. 466
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out .............. 307
Routing, Engine Drive Belt .......................... 454
Running the Engine While Parked ............... 128
S
Safety Belt
Passenger Reminder Light ....................... 197
Pretensioners ............................................. 42
Reminder Light ........................................ 196
Safety Belts
Care of .................................................... 422
Center Front Passenger Position ................ 35
Driver Position ........................................... 25
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............ 25
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts ............................................ 24
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ............... 39
Rear Seat Passengers ............................... 36
Right Front Passenger Position .................. 34
Safety Belt Extender .................................. 42
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ............. 34
Safety Belts Are for Everyone .................... 19
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster .................... 33
Safety Warnings and Symbols ......................... 4
Scheduled Maintenance ............................... 442
Seats
Center Seat ............................................... 18
Head Restraints ......................................... 17
Heated and Cooled Seats .......................... 12
Seats (cont.)
Heated Seats ............................................. 11
Manual Passenger ....................................... 9
Memory, Mirrors ......................................... 13
Power Lumbar ........................................... 10
Power Seats ................................................ 9
Reclining Seatbacks ................................... 14
Securing a Child Restraint
Center Front Seat Position ......................... 65
Rear Seat Position ..................................... 62
Right Front Seat Position ........................... 65
Security Light .............................................. 210
Service ........................................................ 325
Accessories and Modifications .................. 325
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle ......................................... 327
California Proposition 65 Warning ............. 326
Doing Your Own Work ............................. 326
Engine Soon Light ................................... 206
Publications Ordering Information ............. 478
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ......... 86
Setting the Time ................................. 242, 243
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 425
Shifting Into Park (P) ................................... 123
Shifting Out of Park (P) ............................... 125
Signals, Turn and Lane-Change .................. 162
493
Spare Tire
Compact ..................................................
Installing ..................................................
Removing ................................................
Storing .....................................................
Specifications, Capacities ............................
Speedometer ...............................................
StabiliTrak® System .....................................
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light ...........................
Starting Your Engine ...................................
Steering ......................................................
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ...................
Steering Wheel, Heated ..............................
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel ..........................
Storage Areas
Center Console Storage Area ...................
Center Flex Storage Unit .........................
Convenience Net .....................................
Cupholder(s) ............................................
Front Storage Area ..................................
Glove Box ................................................
Rear Seat Armrest ...................................
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow ...............
Sun Visors ..................................................
Sunroof .......................................................
494
418
410
409
416
436
196
284
203
116
285
271
161
161
151
152
152
151
151
151
152
306
109
153
T
Tachometer .................................................
Taillamps
Back-Up Lamps .......................................
Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Sidemarker Lamps ................................
TCS Warning Light ......................................
Theater Dimming .........................................
Theft-Deterrent, Radio .................................
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..............................
Content Theft-Deterrent ............................
PASS-Key® III+ ........................................
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ........................
Tilt Wheel ....................................................
Tire
Pressure Light ..........................................
Tires ...........................................................
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels,
Cleaning ...............................................
Buying New Tires .....................................
Chains .....................................................
Changing a Flat Tire ................................
Cleaning ..................................................
Compact Spare Tire .................................
196
382
380
202
175
271
110
110
111
112
161
205
385
424
400
406
408
424
418
Tires (cont.)
Different Size ...........................................
If a Tire Goes Flat ...................................
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................
Inspection and Rotation ............................
Installing the Spare Tire ...........................
Pressure Monitor System .........................
Removing the Flat Tire .............................
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools .........
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools .....
Tire Sidewall Labeling ..............................
Tire Terminology and Definitions ...............
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ....................
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ...........
Wheel Replacement .................................
When It Is Time for New Tires .................
Towing
Recreational Vehicle .................................
Towing a Trailer .......................................
Your Vehicle .............................................
402
407
392
398
410
393
410
409
416
386
389
402
404
404
400
313
315
313
Traction
Control System (TCS) ..............................
Control System Warning Light ..................
StabiliTrak® System .................................
Transaxle
Fluid, Automatic .......................................
Transaxle Operation, Automatic ...................
Trip Odometer .............................................
Trunk ..........................................................
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ...................
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ....................
283
202
284
343
119
196
106
162
162
U
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) ........
Understanding Radio Reception ...................
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .......................
Universal Home Remote System ........ 139,
Operation ........................................ 141,
178
272
402
140
147
495
V
Vehicle
Control ..................................................... 280
Damage Warnings ....................................... 5
Loading .................................................... 307
Symbols ...................................................... 5
Vehicle Customization, DIC ......................... 231
Vehicle Data Collection and
Event Data Recorders .............................. 471
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) .......................................... 427
Service Parts Identification Label .............. 427
Ventilation Adjustment .................................. 192
Visors .......................................................... 109
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ......... 194
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages ................... 221
Hazard Warning Flashers ......................... 160
Other Warning Devices ............................ 160
Safety and Symbols ..................................... 4
Vehicle Damage .......................................... 5
496
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance ..................... 404
Different Size ........................................... 402
Replacement ............................................ 404
Where to Put the Restraint ............................ 53
Windows ..................................................... 108
Power ...................................................... 109
Windshield
Rainsense™ II Wipers ............................. 165
Washer .................................................... 166
Washer Fluid ........................................... 365
Wiper Blade Replacement ........................ 383
Wiper Blades, Cleaning ............................ 423
Wipers ..................................................... 164
Winter Driving ............................................. 302
Wiper Activated Headlamps ......................... 171
X
XM Radio Messages ................................... 269
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ......... 274
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............... 440
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