U.S. Products KC-500-CSA Product guide

U.S. Products KC-500-CSA Product guide
Product Guide
Revision B
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
COPYRIGHT
Copyright © 2014 McAfee, Inc. Do not copy without permission.
TRADEMARK ATTRIBUTIONS
McAfee, the McAfee logo, McAfee Active Protection, McAfee DeepSAFE, ePolicy Orchestrator, McAfee ePO, McAfee EMM, Foundscore, Foundstone, Policy
Lab, McAfee QuickClean, Safe Eyes, McAfee SECURE, SecureOS, McAfee Shredder, SiteAdvisor, McAfee Stinger, McAfee Total Protection, TrustedSource,
VirusScan, WaveSecure are trademarks or registered trademarks of McAfee, Inc. or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Other
names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.
Product and feature names and descriptions are subject to change without notice. Please visit mcafee.com for the most current products and features.
LICENSE INFORMATION
License Agreement
NOTICE TO ALL USERS: CAREFULLY READ THE APPROPRIATE LEGAL AGREEMENT CORRESPONDING TO THE LICENSE YOU PURCHASED, WHICH SETS
FORTH THE GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR THE USE OF THE LICENSED SOFTWARE. IF YOU DO NOT KNOW WHICH TYPE OF LICENSE YOU
HAVE ACQUIRED, PLEASE CONSULT THE SALES AND OTHER RELATED LICENSE GRANT OR PURCHASE ORDER DOCUMENTS THAT ACCOMPANY YOUR
SOFTWARE PACKAGING OR THAT YOU HAVE RECEIVED SEPARATELY AS PART OF THE PURCHASE (AS A BOOKLET, A FILE ON THE PRODUCT CD, OR A
FILE AVAILABLE ON THE WEBSITE FROM WHICH YOU DOWNLOADED THE SOFTWARE PACKAGE). IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO ALL OF THE TERMS SET
FORTH IN THE AGREEMENT, DO NOT INSTALL THE SOFTWARE. IF APPLICABLE, YOU MAY RETURN THE PRODUCT TO MCAFEE OR THE PLACE OF
PURCHASE FOR A FULL REFUND.
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McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
Contents
Preface
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About this guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Find product documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
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Malware detection and McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
The malware threat scenario . . . . . . . . . .
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution . . .
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense deployment
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense advantages
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Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
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About McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Functions of a McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Before you install the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warnings and cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usage restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unpack the shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check your shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware specifications and environmental requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Port numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting up McAfee Advanced Threat Defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install or remove rack handles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install or remove the Appliance from the rack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Handling the front bezel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connect the network cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configure network information for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance . . . . . .
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Accessing McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application
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McAfee Advanced Threat Defense client requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Access the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
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Managing Advanced Threat Defense
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Managing McAfee Advanced Threat Defense users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing user profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Add users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and Android VM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software from 3.0.2.xx to 3.0.4.xx . . . . . .
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software from 3.0.2.36 to 3.2.0.xx . . . . . .
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software from 3.0.4.xx to 3.2.0.xx . . . . . .
Upgrade the Android analyzer VM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Product Guide
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Contents
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Export McAfee Advanced Threat Defense logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recreate the analyzer VMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete the analysis results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Backup and restore McAfee Advanced Threat Defense database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schedule a database backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restore a database backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Creating analyzer VM
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Create a VMDK file for Windows XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create a VMDK file for Windows 2003 Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create a VMDK file for Windows 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create a VMDK file for Windows 2008 Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create a VMDK file for Windows 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Import a VMDK file into McAfee Advanced Threat Defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Convert the VMDK file to an image file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing VM profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
View VM profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create VM profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit VM profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete VM profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
View the VM creation log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Configuring McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for malware analysis
Analyzing malware
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Analyze files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Upload files for analysis using McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application . . . . .
Upload files for analysis using SFTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analyze URLs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How Advanced Threat Defense analyzes URLs? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Upload URLs for analysis using Advanced Threat Defense web application . . . . . . .
Monitor the status of malware analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
View the analysis results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
View the Analysis Summary report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dropped files report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Terminologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High-level steps for configuring malware analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How McAfee Advanced Threat Defense analyzes malware? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internet access to sample files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing analyzer profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
View analyzer profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create analyzer profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit analyzer profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete analyzer profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Integration with McAfee ePO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configure McAfee ePO integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specify proxy server for internet connectivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configure the proxy DNS settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configure date and time settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Define custom YARA rules for identifying malware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create the custom YARA rules file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Import the custom YARA rules file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enable or disable custom YARA rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modify custom YARA rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Contents
Logic Path Graph . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User API Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Download the complete results .zip file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Dashboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Malware analysis monitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VM Creation Status monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense performance monitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Clustering McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances
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Understanding McAfee Advanced Threat Defense cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pre-requisites and considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network connections for an Advanced Threat Defense cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How the Advanced Threat Defense cluster works? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Process flow for Network Security Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Process flow for McAfee Web Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring an Advanced Threat Defense cluster - high-level steps . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitor the status of an Advanced Threat Defense cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Submitting samples to an Advanced Threat Defense cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitor analysis status for an Advanced Threat Defense cluster . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitor analysis results for an Advanced Threat Defense cluster . . . . . . . . . . .
Modifying configurations for a McAfee Advanced Threat Defense cluster . . . . . . . .
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CLI commands for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
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Issue of CLI commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to issue a command through the console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Issuing a command through SSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance using an SSH client . . . .
Auto-complete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CLI syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mandatory commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Log on to the CLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Meaning of "?" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing the disks of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance . . . . . . . . . . . . .
List of CLI commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
amas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
atdcounter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
backup reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
backup reports date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Blacklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
clearstats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
createDefaultVms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
db_repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
deleteblacklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
deletesamplereport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
diskcleanup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
factorydefaults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ftptest USER_NAME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
gti-restart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
heuristic_analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
lbstats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
lowseveritystatus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
nslookup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Product Guide
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Contents
passwd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
quit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
reboot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
resetuiadminpasswd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
resetusertimeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
route add/delete network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
samplefilter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set appliance ip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set appliance gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set appliance name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set intfport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set intfport auto . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set intfport ip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set intfport speed duplex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set malware-intfport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set mgmtport auto . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set mgmtport speed and duplex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set fips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set ftp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set heuristic_analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set ui-timeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set whitelist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show epo-stats nsp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show fips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show ftp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show heuristic_analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show intfport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show nsp scandetails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show ui-timeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
update_avdat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vmlist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
watchdog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set malware-intfport mgmt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
whitelist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index
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Product Guide
Preface
This guide provides the information you need to work with your McAfee product.
Contents
About this guide
Find product documentation
About this guide
This information describes the guide's target audience, the typographical conventions and icons used
in this guide, and how the guide is organized.
Conventions
This guide uses these typographical conventions and icons.
Book title, term,
emphasis
Title of a book, chapter, or topic; a new term; emphasis.
Bold
Text that is strongly emphasized.
User input, code,
message
Commands and other text that the user types; a code sample; a displayed
message.
Interface text
Words from the product interface like options, menus, buttons, and dialog
boxes.
Hypertext blue
A link to a topic or to an external website.
Note: Additional information, like an alternate method of accessing an
option.
Tip: Suggestions and recommendations.
Important/Caution: Valuable advice to protect your computer system,
software installation, network, business, or data.
Warning: Critical advice to prevent bodily harm when using a hardware
product.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
7
Preface
Find product documentation
Find product documentation
After a product is released, information about the product is entered into the McAfee online Knowledge
Center.
Task
8
1
Go to the McAfee ServicePortal at http://support.mcafee.com and click Knowledge Center.
2
Enter a product name, select a version, then click Search to display a list of documents.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
1
®
Malware detection and McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense
Over the years, malware has evolved into a sophisticated tool for malicious activities such as stealing
valuable information, accessing your computer resources without your knowledge, and for disrupting
business operations. At the same time, technological advancement provides limitless options to deliver
malicious files to unsuspecting users. Hundreds of thousands of new malware variants every day make
the job of malware detection even more complex. Traditional anti-malware techniques are no longer
sufficient to protect your network.
McAfee's response to this challenge is the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution. This is an
on-premise Appliance that facilitates detection and prevention of malware. McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense provides protection from known, near-zero day, and zero-day malware without compromising
on the quality of service to your network users.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense has the added advantage of being an integrated solution. In addition
to its own multi-level threat detection capabilities, its ability to seamlessly integrate with other McAfee
security products, protects your network against malware and other Advanced Persistent Threats
(APTs).
Contents
The malware threat scenario
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution
The malware threat scenario
Any software capable of being involved in hostile activities with respect to a computer, application, or
network can be termed as malware. McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is designed for detecting
file-based malware.
Earlier, users received malware as attachments in their emails. With the upsurge in Internet
applications, users only need to click a link to download files. Today, there are many other options to
post such files — blogs, social networking sites, web sites, chat messages, web mails, message
boards, and so on. The key challenges in tackling this issue are to detect malware in the shortest
possible time and also contain it from spreading to other computers.
There are four major aspects to an anti-malware strategy:
•
Detection of file downloads: When a user attempts to download a file from an external resource,
your security product must be able to detect it.
•
Analysis of the file for malware: You must be able to verify if the file contains any known malware.
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Malware detection and McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution
®
•
Block future downloads of the same file: Subsequently, if the file is found to be malicious, your
anti-malware protection must prevent future downloads of the same file or its variants.
•
Identify and remediate affected hosts: Your security system must be able to identify the host which
executed the malware, and also detect the hosts to which it has spread. Then, it must provide an
option to quarantine the affected hosts until they are clean again.
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution
A security solution that relies on a single method or process might not be adequate to provide
complete and reliable protection from malware attacks. You might need a multi-layered solution that
involves various techniques and products. The solution can include pattern matching, global
reputation, program emulation, static analysis, and dynamic analysis. All these layers must be
seamlessly integrated and provide you with a single point of control for easy configuration and
management. For example, pattern matching might not detect zero-day attacks. Similarly, static
analysis takes less time than dynamic analysis. However, malware can avoid static analysis by code
obfuscation. Malware can escape dynamic analysis too by delaying execution or take an alternate
execution path if the malware detects that it is being run in a sandbox environment. This is why a
reliable protection from malware requires a multi-level approach.
There are other industry-leading McAfee anti-malware products for the web, network, and endpoints.
However, McAfee recognizes that a robust anti-malware solution requires a multi-layered approach,
the result of which is McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution primarily consists of the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance and the pre-installed software. The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance is
available in two models. The standard model is the ATD-3000. The high-end model is the ATD-6000.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense integrates its native capabilities with other McAfee products to
provide you a multilayered defense mechanism against malware:
10
•
Its preliminary detection mechanism consists of a local blacklist to quickly detect known malware.
•
It integrates with McAfee® Global Threat Intelligence™ (McAfee GTI) for cloud-lookups to detect
malware that has already been identified by organizations throughout the globe.
•
It has the McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware Engine embedded within it for emulation capability.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
Malware detection and McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution
®
1
•
It has the McAfee Anti-Malware Engine embedded within it for signature-based detection.
•
It dynamically analyzes the file by executing it in a virtual sandbox environment. Based on how the
file behaves, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense determines its malicious nature.
Figure 1-1 Components for malware analysis
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Product Guide
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Malware detection and McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution
®
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense deployment options
You can deploy McAfee Advanced Threat Defense in the following ways:
•
Standalone deployment — This is a simple way of deploying McAfee Advanced Threat Defense. In
this case, it is not integrated with other externally installed McAfee products. When deployed as a
standalone Appliance, you can manually submit the suspicious files using the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense web application. Alternatively, you can submit the samples using an FTP client. This
deployment option is used, for example, during the testing and evaluation phase, to fine-tune
configuration, and to analyze suspicious files in an isolated network segment. Also, research
engineers might use the standalone deployment option for detailed analysis of malware.
Figure 1-2 A standalone deployment scenario
12
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
1
Malware detection and McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution
®
•
Integration with Network Security Platform — This deployment involves integrating McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense with Network Security Platform Sensor and Manager.
Based on how you have configured the corresponding Advanced Malware policy, an inline Sensor
detects a file download and sends a copy of the file to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for
analysis. If McAfee Advanced Threat Defense detects a malware within a few seconds, the Sensor
can block the download. The Manager displays the results of the analysis from McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense.
If McAfee Advanced Threat Defense requires more time for analysis, the Sensor allows the file to be
downloaded. If McAfee Advanced Threat Defense detects a malware after the file has been
downloaded, it informs Network Security Platform, and you can use the Sensor to quarantine the
host until it is cleaned and remediated. You can configure the Manager to update all the Sensors
about this malicious file. Therefore, if that file is downloaded again anywhere in your network, your
Sensors might be able to block it.
For information on how to integrate Network Security Platform and McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense, refer to the latest Network Security Platform Integration Guide.
Figure 1-3 Integration with Network Security Platform and McAfee ePO
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Malware detection and McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution
®
•
Integration with McAfee® Web Gateway — You can configure McAfee Advanced Threat Defense as
an additional engine for anti-malware protection. When your network user downloads a file, the
native McAfee Gateway Anti-malware Engine on McAfee® Web Gateway scans the file and
determines a malware score. Based on this score and the file type, McAfee® Web Gateway sends a
copy of the file to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for deeper inspection and dynamic analysis. A
progress page informs your users that the requested file is being analyzed for malware. Based on
the malware severity level reported by McAfee Advanced Threat Defense, McAfee® Web Gateway
determines if the file is allowed or blocked. If it is blocked, the reasons are displayed for your
users. You can view the details of the malware that was detected in the log file.
Figure 1-4 Integration with McAfee® Web Gateway
This design ensures that only those files that require an in-depth analysis are sent to McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense. This balances your users' experience in terms of download speed and
security. For information on how to integrate McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and McAfee® Web
Gateway, see the McAfee® Web Gateway Product Guide, version 7.4.
•
Integration with McAfee® ePolicy Orchestrator (McAfee ePO) — This integration enables McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense to retrieve information regarding the target host. Knowing the operating
system on the target host, enables it to select a similar virtual environment for dynamic analysis.
How the deployment options address the 4 major aspects of anti-malware process cycle:
•
Detection of file download: As soon as a user accesses a file, the inline Network Security Platform
Sensor or McAfee® Web Gateway detects this and sends a copy of the file to McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense for analysis.
•
Analysis of the file for malware: Even before the user fully downloads the file, McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense can detect a known malware using sources that are local to it or on the cloud.
•
Block future downloads of the same file: Every time McAfee Advanced Threat Defense detects a
medium, high, or very high severity malware, it updates its local black list.
•
Identify and remediate affected hosts: Integration with Network Security Platform enables you to
quarantine the host until it is cleaned up and remediated.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense advantages
Here are some of the advantages that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense provides:
14
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Malware detection and McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution
®
•
It is an on-premises solution that has access to cloud-based GTI. In addition, you can integrate it
with other McAfee's security products.
•
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense does not sniff or tap into your network traffic. It analyzes the
files submitted to it for malware. This means that you can place the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance anywhere in your network as long as it is reachable to all the integrated McAfee
products. It is also possible for one McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance to cater to all such
integrated products (assuming the number of files submitted is within the supported level). This
design can make it a cost-effective and scalable anti-malware solution.
•
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is not an inline device. It can receive files from IPS Sensors for
malware analysis. So, it is possible to deploy McAfee Advanced Threat Defense in such a way that
you obtain the advantages of an inline anti-malware solution but without the associated drawbacks.
•
Android is currently one of the top targets for malware developers. With this integration, the
Android-based handheld devices on your network are also protected. You can dynamically analyze
the files downloaded by your Android devices such as smartphones and tablets.
•
Files are concurrently analyzed by various engines. So, it is possible for known malware to be
blocked in almost real time.
•
When McAfee Advanced Threat Defense dynamically analyzes a file, it selects the analyzer virtual
machine that uses the same operating system and other applications as that of the target host.
This is achieved through its integration with McAfee ePO or through passive device profiling feature
of Network Security Platform. This enables you to identify the exact impact on a targeted host, so
that you can take the required remedial measures. This also means that McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense executes the file only the required virtual machine, reserving its resources for other files.
•
Consider a host downloaded a zero-day malware, but a Sensor that detected this file downloaded
submitted it to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense. After a dynamic analysis, McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense determines the file to be malicious. Based on how you have configured the
Advanced Malware policy, it is possible for the Manager to add this malware to the blacklist of all
the Sensors in your organization's network. This file also might be on the blacklist of McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense. Thus, the chances of the same file re-entering your network is reduced.
•
Even the first time when a zero-day malware is downloaded, you can contain it by quarantining the
affected hosts until they are cleaned and remediated.
•
Packing can change the composition of the code or enable a malware to evade reverse engineering.
So, proper unpacking is very critical to get the actual malware code for analysis. McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense is capable of unpacking the code such that the original code is secured for static
analysis.
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Malware detection and McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution
16
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
®
Product Guide
2
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance
Review this chapter for information regarding the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance and how
to set it up.
Contents
About McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Functions of a McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Before you install the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Hardware specifications and environmental requests
Setting up McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
About McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Depending on the model, the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance is a 1-U or 2-U rack dense
chassis with Intel® Xeon® E5-2600 product family processor. The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance runs on a pre-installed, hardened Linux kernel 3.6.0 and comes preloaded with the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense software.
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance is available in the following models:
•
ATD-3000: This standard model is a 1U chassis.
•
ATD-6000: This high-end model is a 2U chassis.
Functions of a McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances are purpose-built, scalable, and flexible
high-performance servers designed to analyze suspicious files for malware.
The following are the primary functions of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance:
•
Host the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software that analyzes files for malware.
•
Host the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application.
•
Host the virtual machines used for dynamic analysis of suspicious files.
For the performance values related to ATD-3000 and ATD-6000, contact McAfee support.
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2
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Before you install the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Before you install the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance
This section describes the tasks that you must complete before you begin to install a McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense.
18
•
Read all the provided documentation before installation.
•
Make sure that you have selected a suitable location for installing the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance.
•
Check that you have all the necessary equipment and components outlined in this document.
•
Familiarize yourself with the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance network access card (NIC)
ports and connectors as described in this document.
•
Make sure you have the following information available when you configure the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense Appliance:
•
IPv4 address that you want to assign to the Appliance.
•
Network mask.
•
Default gateway address.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Before you install the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
2
Warnings and cautions
Read and follow these safety warnings when you install the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance. Failure to observe these safety warnings could result in serious physical injury.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance power on/off — the push-button on/off power switch on the
front panel of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance does not turn off the AC power. To
remove AC power from the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance, you must unplug the AC power
cord from either the power supply or wall outlet for both the power supplies.
The power supplies in your system might produce high voltages and energy hazards, which can cause
bodily harm. Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the covers and access any of the
components inside the system.
Hazardous conditions — devices and cables: Hazardous electrical conditions might be present on power,
telephone, and communication cables. Turn off the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance and
disconnect telecommunications systems, networks, modems, and both the power cords attached to the
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance before opening it. Otherwise, personal injury or equipment
damage can result.
Avoid injury — lifting the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance and attaching it to the rack is a
two-person job.
This equipment is intended to be grounded. Ensure that the host is connected to earth ground during
normal use.
Do not remove the outer shell of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance. Doing so invalidates
your warranty.
Do not operate the system unless all cards, faceplates, front covers, and rear covers are in place. Blank
faceplates and cover panels prevent exposure to hazardous voltages and currents inside the chassis,
contain electromagnetic interference (EMI) that might disrupt other equipment and direct the flow of
cooling air through the chassis.
To avoid electric shock, do not connect safety extra-low voltage (SELV) circuits to telephone-network
voltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits, and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some LAN
and WAN ports both use RJ-45 connectors. Use caution when connecting cables.
Usage restrictions
The following restrictions apply to the use and operation of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance:
•
You should not remove the outer shell of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance. Doing so
invalidates your warranty.
•
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance is not a general purpose server.
•
McAfee prohibits the use of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance for anything other than
operating the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense solution.
•
McAfee prohibits the modification or installation of any hardware or software on the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense Appliance that is not part of the normal operation of McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense.
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2
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Before you install the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Unpack the shipment
1
Open the crate.
2
Remove the first accessory box.
3
Verify you have received all parts as listed in Check your shipment on page 20.
4
Remove the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
5
Place the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance as close to the installation site as possible.
6
Position the box with the text upright.
7
Open the top flaps of the box.
8
Remove the accessory box within the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance box.
9
Remove the slide rail kit.
10 Pull out the packing material surrounding the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
11 Remove the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance from the anti-static bag.
12 Save the box and packing materials for later use in case you need to move or ship the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
Check your shipment
The following accessories are shipped in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance crate:
20
•
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
•
Accessories itemized on the Content Sheet
•
Set of tool-less slide rails
•
Front bezel with key
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Before you install the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
2
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance front and back panels
Figure 2-1 Front view of ATD-3000 with bezel
Figure 2-2 Side view of ATD-3000 without bezel
Figure 2-3 ATD-3000 and ATD-6000 front panel
Label
Description
1
System ID button with integrated indicator light
2
NMI button (recessed, tool required for use)
3
NIC 1 activity indicator light
4
• ATD-3000: NIC 3 activity indicator light
• ATD-6000: Not used
5
System cold reset button
6
System status indicator light
7
Power button with integrated indicator light
8
Hard drive activity indicator light
9
• ATD-3000: NIC 4 activity indicator light
• ATD-6000: Not used
10
NIC 2 activity indicator light
An optional, lockable bezel is included with the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance, which you
can install to cover the front panel.
Figure 2-4 ATD-3000 Appliance back panel
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Product Guide
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2
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Before you install the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Label Description
1
Power supply module 1
2
Power supply module 2
3
Management port (NIC 1). This is the eth-0 interface. The set appliance and set mgmtport
commands apply to this interface. For example, when you use the set appliance ip
command, the corresponding IP address is assigned to this interface.
4
NIC 2. This is the eth-1 interface. This interface is disabled by default.
• To enable or disable this interface, use the set intfport command. For example, set
intfport 1 enable
• To assign the IP details to this interface use set intfport <eth 1, 2, or 3> ip <IPv4
address> <subnet mask>
For example, set intfport 1 ip 10.10.10.10 255.255.255.0
• You cannot assign the default gateway to this port. However, you can configure a route on
this interface to route the traffic to the desired gateway. To configure a route, use route
add network <IPv4 subnet> netmask <netmask> gateway <IPv4 address> intfport 1
For example, route add network 10.10.10.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway
10.10.10.1 intfport 1. This command routes all traffic from the 10.10.10.0 command to
10.10.10.1 through NIC 2 (eth-1).
5
NIC 3. This is the eth-2 interface. The note described for NIC 2 applies to this interface as
well.
6
NIC 4. This is the eth-3 interface. The note described for NIC 2 applies to this interface as
well.
7
Video connector
8
RJ45 serial-A port
9
USB ports
10
RMM4 NIC port
11
I/O module ports/connectors (not used)
12
Add-in adapter slots from riser card 1 and riser card 2
Figure 2-5 ATD-6000 Appliance back panel
Label Description
22
1
USB ports
2
USB ports
3
Management port. This is the eth-0 interface. The set appliance and set mgmtport
commands apply to this interface. For example, when you use the set appliance ip
command, the corresponding IP address is assigned to this interface.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Hardware specifications and environmental requests
2
Label Description
4
Additional I/O module ports/connectors. These are the eth-1, eth-2, and eth-3 interfaces
respectively. These interfaces are disabled by default.
• To enable or disable an interface, use the set intfport command. For example, set
intfport 1 enable to enable eth-1.
• To assign the IP details to an interface use set intfport <eth 1, 2, or 3> ip <IPv4
address> <subnet mask>
For example, set intfport 1 ip 10.10.10.10 255.255.255.0
• You cannot assign the default gateway to this port. However, you can configure a route on
this interface to route the traffic to the desired gateway. To configure a route, use route
add network <IPv4 subnet> netmask <netmask> gateway <IPv4 address> intfport 1
For example, route add network 10.10.10.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway
10.10.10.1 intfport 1. This command routes all traffic from the 10.10.10.0 command to
10.10.10.1 through eth-1.
5
Video connector
6
NIC 1 (currently not used)
7
NIC 2 (currently not used)
8
RJ45 serial-A port
9
I/O module ports/connectors (not used)
10
Add-in adapter slots from riser card
11
RMM4 NIC port
12
Power supply module 2
13
Power supply module 1
14
Add-in adapter slots from riser card
Hardware specifications and environmental requests
Specifics
ATD-3000
ATD-6000
Dimensions
• 734.66 L x 438 W x 43.2 H in
millimeters
• 712 L x 438 W x 87.3 H in
millimeters
• 29 L x 17.25 W x 1.70 H in inches • 28 L x 17.24 W x 3.43 H in inches
Form Factor
1U rack mountable; fits 19-inch
rack
2U rack mountable; fits 19-inch rack
Weight
15 Kg (33 lbs)
22.7 Kg (50 lbs.)
Storage
• Disk space HDD: 2 x 4TB
• Disk space HDD: 4 x 4TB
• SSD: 2 x 400 GB
• SSD: 2 x 800 GB
Maximum Power
Consumption
2x 750W
2x 1600W
Redundant Power
Supply
AC redundant, hot swappable
AC redundant, hot swappable
AC voltage
100 - 240 V at 50 - 60 Hz. 5.8
Amps
100 - 240 V. 50 - 60 Hz. 8.5 Amps
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Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Hardware specifications and environmental requests
Specifics
ATD-3000
ATD-6000
Operating
Temperature
+10°C to +35° C (+50°F to + 95°F) +10º C to +35º C (+50ºF to +95ºF)
with the maximum rate of change
with the maximum rate of change not
not to exceed 10°C per hour
to exceed 10°C per hour
Non-operating
temperature
-40°C to +70°C (-40°F to +158°F)
-40°C to +70°C (-40°F to +158°F)
Relative humidity
(non-condensing)
• Operational: 10% to 90%
• Operational: 10% to 90%
• Non-operational: 90% at 35°C
• Non-operational: 50% to 90% with
a maximum wet bulb of 28°C (at
temperatures from 25°C to 35°C)
Altitude
Support operation up to 3050
meters (10,000 feet)
Support operation up to 3050 meters
(10,000 feet)
Safety Certification
UL 1950, CSA-C22.2 No. 950,
EN-60950, IEC 950, EN 60825,
21CFR1040 CB license and report
covering all national country
deviations
UL 1950, CSA-C22.2 No. 950,
EN-60950, IEC 950, EN 60825,
21CFR1040 CB license and report
covering all national country
deviations
EMI Certification
FCC Part 15, Class A (CFR 47)
(USA) ICES-003 Class A (Canada),
EN55022 Class A (Europe), CISPR22
Class A (Int'l)
FCC Part 15, Class A (CFR 47) (USA)
ICES-003 Class A (Canada), EN55022
Class A (Europe), CISPR22 Class A
(Int'l)
Acoustic noise
Sound power: 7.0 BA in operating
conditions at typical office ambient
temperature (23 +/- 2 degrees C).
Sound power: 7.0 BA in operating
conditions at typical office ambient
temperature (23 +/- 2 degrees °C).
Shock, operating
Half sine, 2 g peak, 11 milliseconds
Half sine, 2 g peak, 11 milliseconds
Shock, unpackaged
Trapezoidal, 25 g, velocity change
Trapezoidal, 25 g, velocity change is
136 inches/second (≧40 lbs to < 80 based on packaged weight
lbs)
Shock, packaged
Non-palletized free fall in height 24
inches (≧40 lbs to < 80 lbs)
• Product Weight: ≥ 40 to < 80
• Non-palletized Free Fall Height = 18
inches
• Palletized (single product) Free Fall
Height = NA
Vibration
Unpackaged: 5 Hz to 500 Hz, 2.20 g Unpackaged: 5 Hz to 500 Hz, 2.20 g
RMS random
RMS random
Packaged: 5 Hz to 500 Hz, 1.09 g
RMS random
ESD
24
+/-12 KV except I/O port +/- 8 KV
per Intel® Environmental test
specification
Air Discharged: 12.0 kV
System cooling
requirement in
BTU/Hr
• 460 Watt Max – 1570 BTU/hour
• 460 Watt Max – 1570 BTU/hour
• 750 Watt Max – 2560 BTU/hour
• 750 Watt Max – 2560 BTU/hour
Memory
192 GB
256 GB
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Contact Discharge: 8.0 kV
Product Guide
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Setting up McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
2
Port numbers
Table 2-1
Port numbers
Client
Server
Default port
Configurable Description
Any (desktop)
McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense
TCP 443
(HTTPS)
No
Access McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense web
application
Any (FTP client) McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense
TCP 22 (SFTP) No
Access the FTP server on
McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense
Sensor
McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense
TCP 8505
No
Communication channel
between a Sensor and
McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense
Manager
McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense
TCP 443
(HTTPS)
No
Communication between
the Manager and McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense
through the RESTful APIs.
McAfee
Advanced
Threat Defense
McAfee ePO
TCP 8443
Yes
Host information queries.
McAfee
Advanced
Threat Defense
tunnel.message
.trustedsource.org
TCP 443
(HTTPS)
No
File Reputation queries.
McAfee
Advanced
Threat Defense
List.smartfilter.com TCP 80 (HTTP) No
URL updates.
Any (SSH
client)
McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense
TCP 2222
(SSH)
No
CLI access
McAfee
Advanced
Threat Defense
wpm.webwasher.com
TCP 443
(HTTPS)
No
Updates for McAfee
Gateway Anti-Malware
Engine and McAfee
Anti-Malware Engine.
Setting up McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
This chapter describes how to set up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance for you to
configure it.
Contents
Install or remove rack handles
Install or remove the Appliance from the rack
Turn on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Handling the front bezel
Connect the network cable
Configure network information for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
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2
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Setting up McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Install or remove rack handles
•
To install a rack handle, align it with the two holes on the side of the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance and attach the rack handle to the Appliance with two screws as shown.
Figure 2-6 Installing the rack handle
•
To remove a rack handle, remove the two screws holding the rack handle in place, and remove the
rack handle from the server system as shown.
Figure 2-7 Removing the rack handle
Install or remove the Appliance from the rack
Use the rack-mounting kit included with the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance to install the
unit into a four-post 19-inch rack. The kit can be used with most industry-standard rack cabinets. Use
the tie wraps to secure the cables from the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance to the rack.
Task
1
At the front of the rack, position the right or the left mounting rail on the corresponding side so
that its mounting bracket aligns with the required rack holes.
Ensure that you follow the safety warnings. When identifying where you want the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense Appliance to go in the rack, remember that you should always load the rack from the
bottom up. If you are installing multiple McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances, start with the
lowest available position first.
Figure 2-8 Slide rail installation
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Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Setting up McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
2
2
At the back of the rack, pull the back mounting-bracket (extending the mounting rail) so that it
aligns with the required rack holes.
Ensure that the mounting rails are at the same level on each side of the rack.
Figure 2-9 Install rail to rack
3
Clip the rail to the rack and secure it.
4
Repeat these steps to secure the second mounting rail to the rack.
5
Slide both the rails to full extent.
Figure 2-10 Full extend slide
6
With help from another person, lift the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance and install the
chassis to the rail simultaneously on both the sides.
Figure 2-11 Install the Appliance to rail
Drop in the rear spool first, followed by the middle and then front.
Lifting the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance and attaching it to the rack is a two-person
job.
7
Attach the lockable bezel to protect the front panel if required.
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2
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Setting up McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
8
Lift the release tab and push the Appliance into the rack.
Figure 2-12 Lift release tab and push Appliance into rack
9
To remove the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance from the rack, lift the release tab next
to the front spool on the chassis and lift it out of the rails.
This needs to be done simultaneously on both the sides and requires two people.
Turn on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance has redundant power supplies pre-installed.
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance ships with two power cords specific to your country or
region.
Task
1
Plug one end of the AC power cord into the first power supply module in the back panel and the
other end into an appropriate power source.
2
Plug one end of the AC power cord into the second power supply module in the back panel and the
other end into an appropriate power source.
3
Push the power button on the front panel.
The on/off button on the front panel does not turn off the AC power. To remove AC power from the
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance, you must unplug both AC power cords from either the
power supply or wall outlet.
Handling the front bezel
You can remove the front bezel if required, and then re-install it. However, before you install the bezel,
you must install the rack handles.
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Setting up McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
2
Task
1
Follow these steps to remove the front bezel.
a
Unlock the bezel if it is locked.
b
Remove the left end of front bezel from rack handle.
c
Rotate the front bezel anticlockwise to release the latches on the right end from the rack
handle.
Figure 2-13 Removing front bezel
2
Follow these steps to install the front bezel.
a
Lock the right end of the front bezel to the rack handle
b
Rotate the front bezel clockwise until the left end clicks into place
c
Lock the bezel if needed.
Figure 2-14 Installing front bezel
Connect the network cable
Task
1
Plug a Category 5e or 6 Ethernet cable in the management port, which is located in the back panel.
2
Plug the other end of the cable into the corresponding network device.
Configure network information for McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance
After you complete the initial installation and configuration, you can manage the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense Appliance from a remote computer or terminal server. To do so, you must configure
the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance with the required network information.
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2
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Setting up McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Task
1
Plug a console cable (RJ45 to DB9 serial) to the console port (RJ45 serial-A port) at the back panel
of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
Figure 2-15 Connect the console port
2
Connect the other end of the cable directly to the COM port of the computer or port of the terminal
server you are using to configure the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
3
Run the HyperTerminal from a Microsoft Windows-based computer with the following settings.
4
Name
Setting
Baud rate
115200
Number of Bits
8
Parity
None
Stop Bits
1
Control Flow
None
At the logon prompt, log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance using the default
user name atdadmin and password atdadmin.
You can type help or ? to access instructions on using the built-in command syntax help. For a list
of all commands, type list.
5
At the command prompt, type set appliance name <Name> to set the name of the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
You need to type the values between <> characters, excluding the <> characters.
Example: set appliance name matd_appliance_1
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance name can be an alphanumeric character string up
to 25 characters. The string must begin with a letter and can include hyphens, underscores, and
periods, but not spaces.
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Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Setting up McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
6
2
To set the management port IP address and subnet mask of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance, type set appliance ip <A.B.C.D> <E.F.G.H>
Specify a 32-bit address written as four eight-bit numbers separated by periods as in <A.B.C.D>,
where A, B, C, or D is an eight-bit number between 0-255. <E.F.G.H> represents the subnet mask.
Example: set appliance ip 192.34.2.8 255.255.255.0
After you set the IP address the first time or when you modify the IP address, you must restart the
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
7
Set the address of the default gateway.
set appliance gateway <A.B.C.D>
Use the same convention as for the set appliance ip command.
Example: set appliance gateway 192.34.2.1
8
9
Set the port speed and duplex settings for the management port using one of the following
commands:
•
set mgmtport auto — Sets the management port in auto mode for speed and duplex.
•
set mgmtport speed (10|100) duplex (full|half) — Sets the speed to 10 or 100 Mbps at
full or half duplex.
To verify the configuration, type show.
This displays the current configuration details.
10 To check the network connectivity, ping other network hosts. At the prompt, type ping <IP
address>
The success message host <ip address> is alive appears. If the host is not reachable, failed
to talk to <ip address> appears.
11 Change the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance password by using the passwd command.
A password must be between 8 and 25 characters, is case sensitive, and can consist of any
alphanumeric character or symbol.
McAfee strongly recommends that you choose a password with a combination of characters that is
easy for you to remember but difficult for someone else to guess.
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2
Setting up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
Setting up McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
32
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Accessing McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense web application
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application is hosted on the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance. If you are a McAfee Advanced Threat Defense user with web access, you can
access the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application from a remote machine using a
supported browser.
Using the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application, you can:
•
Monitor the state and performance of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
•
Manage McAfee Advanced Threat Defense users and their permissions.
•
Configure McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for malware analysis.
•
Manually upload files to be analyzed.
•
Monitor the progress of the analysis and subsequently view the results.
Contents
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense client requirements
Access the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense client requirements
The following are the system requirements for client systems connecting to the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense web application.
•
Client operating system —
•
Browsers — Internet Explorer 9 and later, Firefox, and Chrome.
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3
Accessing McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application
Access the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application
Access the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application
Task
1
From a client computer, open a session using one of the supported browsers.
2
Use the following to access the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application:
3
34
•
URL — https://<McAfee Advanced Threat Defense appliance host name or IP address>
•
Default user name — admin
•
Password — admin
Click Log In.
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Managing Advanced Threat Defense
You use the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application to manage configurations such as user
accounts and to monitor the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance's system health.
Contents
Managing McAfee Advanced Threat Defense users
Monitoring the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense performance
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and Android VM
Troubleshooting
Backup and restore McAfee Advanced Threat Defense database
Managing McAfee Advanced Threat Defense users
You can create user accounts for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense with different permissions and
configuration settings. These permissions and settings depend on the user's role with respect to
malware analysis using McAfee Advanced Threat Defense. Using the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
web application, you can create user accounts for:
•
Users who use the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application for submitting files for
analysis and for viewing the results of the analysis.
•
Users who upload the files to the FTP server hosted on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance.
•
Users who directly use the RESTful APIs for uploading files. For more information, see the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense RESTful APIs Reference Guide.
In the user record, you also specify the default analyzer profile. If you are using the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense web application to upload, you can override this selection when you actually upload a
file.
For each user, you can also configure the FTP server details to which you want McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense to upload the results of the analysis.
•
There are four default user records.
•
Default admin — This is the default super-user account. You can use this account to initially
configure the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application. The logon name is admin and
the default password is admin.
•
NSP user — The logon name is nsp and the default password is admin. This is used by Network
Security Platform to integrate with McAfee Advanced Threat Defense. Currently, all Network
Security Platform Sensors use this user record to submit sample files.
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Managing Advanced Threat Defense
Managing McAfee Advanced Threat Defense users
•
ATD admin — This is the default user account to access the FTP server on McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense. The user name is atdadmin and the password is atdadmin.
•
McAfee Web Gateway user — This is for the integration between McAfee Web Gateway and
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
As a precaution, make sure you change the default passwords.
•
To access the CLI of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense, you must use atdadmin as the logon name
and atdadmin as the password. You cannot access this user record. You cannot create any other
user to access the CLI.
You access the CLI through SSH over port 2222. See Log on to the CLI on page 301.
•
If you are a not an admin user, you can view your user record and modify it. To modify your role
assignments, you must contact the admin user.
Viewing user profiles
If you are a user with admin role, you can view the existing list of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
users. If you do not have admin role, you can view your user record.
Task
1
Select Manage | User Management.
The current list of users is displayed (based on your role).
Figure 4-1 View the list of users
Column name
Definition
Select
Select to edit or delete the user record.
Name
Full name of the user as entered in the user details.
Login ID
The user name for accessing McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
Default Analyzer Profile The Analyzer Profile that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses when the user
submits a sample for analysis. However, the user can override this at the time
of sample submission.
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Managing McAfee Advanced Threat Defense users
2
4
Hide the columns you do not want to see.
a
Move the mouse over the right corner of a column heading and click the drop-down arrow.
b
Select Columns.
c
Select only the required column names from the list.
Figure 4-2 Select the required column names
3
To sort the user records list based on a particular column name, click the column heading.
You can sort the records in the ascending or descending order. Alternatively, move the mouse over
the right corner of a column heading and click the drop-down arrow. Then select Sort Ascending or Sort
Descending.
4
To view the complete details of a specific user, select the record and click Edit.
Add users
If you have the admin user role, you can create the following types of users:
•
Users with admin role in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application
•
Non-admin users in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application
•
Users with access to the FTP server hosted on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
•
Access to the RESTful APIs of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application
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4
Managing Advanced Threat Defense
Managing McAfee Advanced Threat Defense users
Task
1
Select Manage | User Management | New.
The User Management page is displayed.
Figure 4-3 Add users
2
Enter the appropriate information in the respective fields.
Option
name
Definition
Username
The user name for accessing the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application,
FTP server, or RESTful APIs.
Password
The default password that you want to provide to the user. It must meet the
following criteria:
• Minimum 8 characters in length.
• At least one of the alphabetic characters must be in uppercase.
• Must contain at least 1 number.
• Must contain at least one of the following special characters ` ~ ! @ # $ % ^ & *
• Password and user name must not be same.
38
Allow Multiple
Logins
Deselect it you want to restrict the concurrent logon sessions for this user name to
just one. Select if you want to allow multiple concurrent logon sessions for the user
name.
First and Last
Name
Enter the full name of the user. It must be of at least 2 characters in length.
Email
Optionally, enter the email address of the user.
Company
Optionally, enter the organization to which the user belongs.
Phone
Optionally, enter the user's phone number.
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Managing Advanced Threat Defense
Managing McAfee Advanced Threat Defense users
Option
name
Definition
Address
Optionally, enter the user's address for communication.
State
Optionally, enter the corresponding State for the address you entered.
Country
Optionally, enter the corresponding Country for the address you entered.
Default
Analyzer
Profile
Select the analyzer profile that must be used for files submitted by the user. For
example, if Network Security Platform Sensor submits the file, the analyzer profile
selected in the NSP User record is used.
4
Users, who manually submit files, can override this setting by selecting a different
analyzer profile at the time of file submission.
Roles
• Admin User — Select to assign super-user rights in the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense web application. Users with this role can access all menus and create
other users.
• Web Access — This role enables a user to submit files using the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense web application and view the results. Users with this role can
access all features but can only view their own user profile. Also, when they
manually submit files, they can assign only the analyzer profiles that they created.
• FTP Access — Select to assign access to the FTP server hosted on the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense Appliance to submit files for analysis and to upload
VMDK files.
• Log User Activities — Select if you want to log the changes made by the user in the
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application.
• Restful Access — Select to assign access to the RESTful APIs of the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense web application to submit files for analysis.
The Restful Access role must be selected for the integrated McAfee products that use
RESTful APIs. If you remove this selection, the integration might not work.
FTP Result
Output
Specify the details of the FTP server to which McAfee Advanced Threat Defense must
provide the results of malware analysis.
When you configure the FTP server details, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense sends
the results to the specified FTP server as well as stores in its data disk. When the
data disk is 75 percent full, the older analysis results are deleted. To preserve the
results for a longer term, you can configure FTP Result Output.
• Remote IP — The IPv4 address of the FTP server.
• Protocol — Specify whether FTP or SFTP must be used. McAfee recommends using
SFTP.
• Path — The complete path to the folder where the results must be saved.
• User Name — The user name that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense must use to
access the FTP server.
• Password — The password for accessing the FTP server.
• Test — to verify if McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is able to communicate with the
specified FTP server using the specified protocol (FTP or SFTP).
Save
Creates the user record with the information you provided. If you configure an FTP
server for result output, make sure that the test connection is successful before you
click Save.
Cancel
Closes the User Management page without saving the changes.
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Managing Advanced Threat Defense
Monitoring the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense performance
Edit Users
If you are assigned the admin-user role, you can edit the user profiles. If you intend to modify the
mandatory fields, then as a best practice, make sure the corresponding user is not logged on. If you
are assigned only the web-access or Restful-access roles, only your user profile is available for editing.
Task
1
Select Manage | User Management.
The current list of users is displayed.
2
Select the required user record and click Edit.
The User Management page is displayed.
3
Make the changes to the required fields and click Save.
For information on the fields, see Add users on page 37.
Delete Users
If you are assigned the admin-user role, you can delete user records. Make sure that the
corresponding user is not logged on.
You cannot delete any predefined user records, which are the admin user record, the user record for
Network Security Platform, and the user record for McAfee Web Gateway.
Task
1
Select Manage | User Management.
The current list of users is displayed.
2
Select the required user record and click Delete.
3
Click Yes to confirm deletion.
Monitoring the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense performance
You can use the following options to monitor the performance of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
•
Use the monitors on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense dashboard to continuously monitor the
performance. See McAfee Advanced Threat Defense performance monitors on page 278.
•
Use the status command in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance CLI. See CLI
commands for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense on page 5.
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and Android VM
This section provides information on how to upgrade the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense version as
well as the Android version for the default Android analyzer VM.
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Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and Android VM
4
Following are the upgrade paths to upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software to 3.2.0.xx:
•
If the current version is 3.0.2.xx other than 3.0.2.36, direct upgrade to 3.2.0.xx is not supported.
For example, if the current version is 3.0.2.51, first upgrade to 3.0.4.56 and then upgrade to
3.2.0.xx. Upgrade from 3.0.2.xx to 3.0.4.56 is a two-step process. See Upgrade McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense software from 3.0.2.xx to 3.0.4.xx on page 41.
•
If the current version is 3.0.2.36 and you want to upgrade to 3.2.0.xx, you upgrade the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense user interface and the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense system software
separately. That is, direct upgrade to 3.2.0 is supported but it is a two-step process. See Upgrade
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software from 3.0.2.36 to 3.2.0.xx on page 44.
•
If the current version is 3.0.4.56, 3.0.4.75, or 3.0.4.94, you can directly upgrade to 3.2.0.xx by
upgrading just the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense system software. See Upgrade McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense software from 3.0.4.xx to 3.2.0.xx on page 47.
Once you upgrade to 3.2.0.xx, you cannot downgrade to 3.0.2.xx or 3.0.4.xx by loading the backup
image using the reboot backup command.
The Android version in the default Android analyzer VM is 2.3. After you upgrade McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense software to 3.2.0.xx, you can upgrade the Android version to 4.3. See Upgrade the
Android analyzer VM on page 49.
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software from
3.0.2.xx to 3.0.4.xx
Before you begin
•
Only if the current version of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is 3.0.2.36, you can
directly upgrade to 3.2.0. For all other 3.0.2.xx versions, first upgrade to 3.0.4.56 to
upgrade to 3.2.0.xx.
•
Make sure that the 3.0.4.xx McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software that you want to
use is extracted and that you can access it from your client computer. The upgrade to
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.0.4.56 is a two-step process. You upgrade the
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense user interface and the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense system software separately. Therefore, make sure that you have
ui-3.0.4.X.msu and system-3.0.4.x.msu files accessible from your client computer.
This two-step upgrade procedure applies only when you upgrade from version 3.0.2.x
to 3.0.4.56. To upgrade to 3.0.4.75, first upgrade to 3.0.4.56. Then, to upgrade from
3.0.4.56 to 3.0.4.75, you only have to upgrade the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
web application user interface (MATD Software).
•
You have the credentials to log on as the admin user in the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense web application.
•
You have the credentials to log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense CLI using
SSH.
•
You have the credentials to SFTP to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
•
For the admin user record, select Allow Multiple Logins in the User Management page.
Using the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application, you can import the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense software image that you want to upgrade to.
As a precaution, reboot the device from the active disk and use the copyto backup command to copy
the software version from the active disk to the backup disk. With a backup, you can revert to the
current software version, if necessary.
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4
Managing Advanced Threat Defense
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and Android VM
Task
1
Upgrade the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application user interface.
a
Select Manage | Software Management.
Figure 4-4 McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application upgrade
b
Click Browse and select the ui-<version number>.msu file from your client computer.
For an upgrade, make sure that Reset Database is deselected. You select this option only if you want
a fresh database to be created as part of the upgrade. If you select this option, a warning
message is displayed that all data from the existing database is lost. Click OK to confirm.
2
c
Click Install.
d
After the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application is upgraded, log off and then clear
the cache from the corresponding browser.
e
Log on to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application and do the following.
•
Verify the version displayed in the user-interface.
•
Select Manage | Software Management and verify that the Software Management consists of two
sections — MATD Software and System Software.
•
Verify the data and configurations from your earlier version are preserved.
Upgrade the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense system software.
a
Log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance using an FTP client such as FileZilla.
Log on as the atdadmin user.
b
Using SFTP, upload the system-<version number>.msu file to the root directory of McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense.
Make sure that the transfer mode is binary.
42
c
After the file is uploaded, log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application as the
admin user and select Manage | Software Management.
d
Under System Software, select the system-<version number>.msu file.
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Managing Advanced Threat Defense
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and Android VM
e
4
Make sure that Reset Database is deselected in case of upgrades and click Install.
Figure 4-5 McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application upgrade
f
A confirmation message is displayed; click OK.
The system software is installed and the status is displayed in the browser.
It takes a minimum of 20 minutes for the system software installation to complete.
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Managing Advanced Threat Defense
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and Android VM
g
After the software is installed McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance restarts. A relevant
message is displayed.
The Appliance restarts on its own. The message that is displayed is only for your information.
If you are not able to view these messages, clear the browser cache.
h
Wait for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance to start. Log on to the CLI and verify the
software version.
i
Verify the version in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application.
j
Log on to the web application, and in the System Log page, verify that the vmcreator task is
invoked.
When you upgrade to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.0.4, all analyzer VMs are automatically
re-created. This process might take some time to complete depending on the number of analyzer
VMs.
k
Verify the data and configurations from your earlier version are preserved.
The software version you upgraded to is now stored in the active disk of McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense Appliance.
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software from
3.0.2.36 to 3.2.0.xx
Before you begin
44
•
Only if the current version of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is 3.0.2.36, you can
directly upgrade to 3.2.0. For all other 3.0.2.xx versions, first upgrade to 3.0.4.56 to
upgrade to 3.2.0.xx.
•
Make sure that the 3.2.0.xx McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software that you want to
use is extracted and that you can access it from your client computer. The upgrade to
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0.xx is a two-step process. You upgrade the
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense user interface and the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense system software separately. Therefore, make sure that you have
ui-3.2.0.X.msu and system-3.2.0.x.msu files accessible from your client computer.
•
You have the credentials to log on as the admin user in the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense web application.
•
You have the credentials to log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense CLI using
SSH.
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Product Guide
4
Managing Advanced Threat Defense
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and Android VM
•
You have the credentials to SFTP to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
•
For the admin user record, select Allow Multiple Logins in the User Management page.
Using the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application, you can import the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense software image that you want to upgrade to.
Task
1
Upgrade the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application user interface.
a
Select Manage | Software Management.
b
Click Browse and select the ui-3.2.0.X.msu file from your client computer.
For an upgrade, make sure that Reset Database is deselected. You select this option only if you want
a fresh database to be created as part of the upgrade. If you select this option, a warning
message is displayed that all data from the existing database is lost. Click OK to confirm.
2
c
Click Install.
d
After the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application is upgraded, log off and then clear
the cache from the corresponding browser.
e
Log on to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application and do the following.
•
Verify the version displayed in the user-interface.
•
Select Manage | Software Management and verify that the Software Management consists of two
sections — MATD Software and System Software.
•
Verify the data and configurations from your earlier version are preserved.
Upgrade the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense system software.
a
Log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance using an FTP client such as FileZilla.
Log on as the atdadmin user.
b
Using SFTP, upload the system-3.2.0.x.msu file to the root directory of McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense.
Make sure that the transfer mode is binary.
c
After the file is uploaded, log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application as the
admin user and select Manage | Software Management.
d
Under System Software, select the system-3.2.0.x.msu file.
e
Make sure that Reset Database is deselected in case of upgrades and click Install.
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f
A confirmation message is displayed; click OK.
The system software is installed and the status is displayed in the browser.
It takes a minimum of 20 minutes for the system software installation to complete.
g
After the software is installed McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance restarts. A relevant
message is displayed.
The Appliance restarts on its own. The message that is displayed is only for your information.
If you are not able to view these messages, clear the browser cache.
46
h
Wait for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance to start. Log on to the CLI and verify the
software version.
i
Verify the version in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application.
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j
4
Log on to the web application, and in the System Log page, verify that the vmcreator task is
invoked.
When you upgrade to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0, all analyzer VMs are automatically
re-created. This process might take some time to complete depending on the number of analyzer
VMs.
k
Verify the data and configurations from your earlier version are preserved.
The software version you upgraded to is now stored in the active disk of McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense Appliance.
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software from
3.0.4.xx to 3.2.0.xx
Before you begin
•
Make sure that the current version of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is 3.0.4.56,
3.0.4.75, or 3.0.4.94. If the current version is 3.0.2.xx, see the corresponding section
for upgrade information.
•
Make sure that the system-3.2.0.x.msu McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software that
you want to use is extracted and that you can access it from your client computer.
•
You have the credentials to log on as the admin user in the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense web application.
•
You have the credentials to log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense CLI using
SSH.
•
You have the credentials to SFTP to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
•
For the admin user record, select Allow Multiple Logins in the User Management page.
Using the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application, you can import the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense software image that you want to upgrade to.
Task
1
Log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance using an FTP client such as FileZilla.
Log on as the atdadmin user.
2
Using SFTP, upload the system-<version number>.msu file to the root directory of McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense.
Make sure that the transfer mode is binary.
3
After the file is uploaded, log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application as the
admin user and select Manage | Software Management.
4
Under System Software, select the system-<version number>.msu file.
5
Make sure that Reset Database is deselected in case of upgrades and click Install.
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6
A confirmation message is displayed; click OK.
The system software is installed and the status is displayed in the browser.
It takes a minimum of 20 minutes for the system software installation to complete.
7
After the software is installed McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance restarts. A relevant
message is displayed.
The Appliance restarts on its own. The message that is displayed is only for your information.
If you are not able to view these messages, clear the browser cache.
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8
Wait for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance to start. Log on to the CLI and verify the
software version.
9
Verify the version in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application.
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10 Log on to the web application, and in the System Log page, verify that the vmcreator task is invoked.
When you upgrade to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0, all analyzer VMs are automatically
re-created. This process might take some time to complete depending on the number of analyzer
VMs.
11 Verify the data and configurations from your earlier version are preserved.
The software version you upgraded to is now stored in the active disk of McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance.
Upgrade the Android analyzer VM
Before you begin
•
Make sure that the current version of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is 3.2.0.xx
•
Make sure that the android-4.3.msu is extracted and that you can access it from your
client computer.
•
You have the credentials to log on as the admin user in the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense web application.
•
You have the credentials to log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense CLI using
SSH.
•
You have the credentials to SFTP to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
•
For the admin user record, select Allow Multiple Logins in the User Management page.
Using the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application, you can upgrade the Android analyzer VM
to version 4.3.
Task
1
Log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance using an FTP client such as FileZilla.
Log on as the atdadmin user.
2
Using SFTP, upload the android-4.3.msu file to the root directory of McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense.
Make sure that the transfer mode is binary.
3
After the file is uploaded, log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application as the
admin user and select Manage | Software Management.
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4
Under System Software, select the android-4.3.msu file.
Figure 4-6 Select the Android file
5
Make sure that Reset Database is deselected as this is not relevant for Android upgrade and click Install.
Android installation process begins with file validation.
6
50
A confirmation message is displayed; click OK.
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4
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application closes logs out automatically and the status of
the installation is displayed in the browser.
•
It takes a minimum of 20 minutes for the system software installation to complete.
•
If you are not able to view these messages, clear the browser cache.
•
When you upgrade Android, the default Android analyzer VM is automatically re-created. This
process might take a few minutes to complete.
7
Log on to the web application, and select Manage | System Log.
8
In the System Log page, verify that the vmcreator task is successfully completed for the Android
analyzer VM.
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Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
The Troubleshooting page enables you to complete some tasks related to troubleshooting McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense web application. These include exporting logs from McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense and clear all the stored analysis results from the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense database.
Task
•
To access the Troubleshooting page, select Manage | Troubleshooting.
Figure 4-7 Troubleshooting page
Tasks
•
Export McAfee Advanced Threat Defense logs on page 52
•
Recreate the analyzer VMs on page 53
•
Delete the analysis results on page 54
Export McAfee Advanced Threat Defense logs
If you face issues using McAfee Advanced Threat Defense, you can export the log files and provide
them to McAfee support for analysis and troubleshooting. You can export system logs, diagnostic logs,
and additional miscellaneous logs. The system logs help to troubleshoot issues related to features,
operations, events, and so on. The diagnostic logs are needed to troubleshoot critical issues such as
system crashes in McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
You cannot read the contents of system or diagnostic log files. All these logs are intended for McAfee
support.
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Troubleshooting
Task
1
In the Troubleshooting page, click Log files to download the system logs and Diagnostic File to download
the diagnostic logs.
2
To download the additional miscellaneous information and logs, click Support Bundle, enter the ticket
number, and click OK.
Figure 4-8 Support bundle creation
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense collects the required information and a message is displayed at
the bottom of the browser. After some time, option to save the <ticket number>.tgz file is
provided.
3
Provide the following files to McAfee support.
•
System logs (atdlogs.bin)
•
Diagnostic logs (atdcore.bin)
•
Additional miscellaneous logs (<ticket number>.tgz)
Recreate the analyzer VMs
During dynamic analysis, samples might corrupt some of the analyzer VMs. So, these analyzer VM
instances might not be available for further analysis. Under such circumstances, you can delete all the
existing analyzer VMs and recreate them.
All the existing analyzer VMs including the default Android VM and also the healthy analyzer VMs are
deleted and re-created. So, no file analysis is possible until all the analyzer VMs are created again. The
time taken for the re-creation varies based on the number of analyzer VM instances as well as their
size.
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Task
1
In the Troubleshooting page, click Create VMs and confirm that you want to delete all existing analyzer
VM instances and recreate them.
2
Select Manage | System Log to view the logs related to VM re-creation.
You can select Dashboard and view the VM Creation Status monitor to know the progress of VM
re-creation. The Create VMs button in the Troubleshooting page is available again only after all the
analyzer VM instances have been re-created.
Delete the analysis results
Task
•
In the Troubleshooting page, click Remove all Report Analysis Results and click Submit.
Backup and restore McAfee Advanced Threat Defense database
As a precautionary method, you can periodically take a backup of the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense database. You can then restore a backup of your choice when required. For example, if you
want to discard all changes made during a troubleshooting exercise, you can restore the backup that
was taken before you started troubleshooting.
Using the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application, you can schedule automatic backups on a
daily, weekly, or monthly basis. Also specify the FTP server details, where you want McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense to store the backup files. At the scheduled time, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
takes a backup of the database and sends it to the configured FTP server using FTP or SFTP according
to your configuration.
When you want to restore a backup, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense fetches the selected backup file
from the FTP server and overwrites its database with the contents of the backup file.
The backup and restore feature is configurable exclusively for each admin user of McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense web application. Suppose that John and Mercy are admin users. Both of them can
schedule backups at different times and also specify different FTP servers for storing the backups.
However, if the FTP servers are different, John cannot restore a backup from Mercy's FTP server.
What gets backed up?
The following data gets backed up:
54
•
The analysis results as displayed in the Analysis Results page is backed up. However, the analysis
reports such as the analysis summary, complete results, and disassembly results are not backed
up. So, if you delete the reports from the database (from the Troubleshooting page ) and then restore a
backup, the result details are listed in the Analysis Results page from the backup, but the reports are
not available.
•
Local blacklist (local whitelist is not backed up).
•
VM profiles are backed up. However, the image or VMDK file of the analyzer VMs are not backed up.
So, before you restore a backup, make sure the image files specified in the backed-up VM profiles
are present in McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
•
Analyzer profiles.
•
User records.
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•
McAfee ePO integration details.
•
HTTP proxy settings
•
DNS settings
•
Date and time settings including the NTP server details.
•
Load-balancing cluster settings as displayed in the Load Balancing Cluster Setting page. This does not
include the configuration and analysis results from the other nodes in the cluster.
•
Custom YARA rules and configuration
•
Backup scheduler settings
•
Backed up file details as displayed in the Restore Management page.
4
The following data do not get backed up:
•
Any sample file or URL that is being analyzed at the time of backup. So, the Analysis Status page
shows that the file being currently analyzed only.
•
The VMDK or image files of analyzer VMs.
•
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software in the active or backup disk.
•
The log files and diagnostic files.
Schedule a database backup
Before you begin
•
You have admin rights in McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application.
•
You have configured an FTP server for storing the backups and you are aware of the
directory in which you want to store the backups.
•
You have IPv4 address of the FTP server, user name, and password for McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense to access that FTP server. Also, the user name has write
access to the directory that you plan to use.
•
Communication over SFTP or FTP is possible between McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
and the FTP server.
You can schedule automatic backup on a daily, weekly, or monthly frequency. The time taken for the
backup process to complete is usually a few minutes. However, it varies based on the size of the data
involved. McAfee recommends that you choose a time when the analysis load on the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense is likely to be less.
Because the backup feature is configurable for each admin user, the FTP server settings in the Backup
Scheduler Setting page and the FTP Result Output settings in the User Management page for an admin user are the
same. So, when an admin user modifies the FTP details in one of those pages, it automatically reflects
in the other page.
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Task
1
Select Manage | Backup and Restore | Backup.
The Backup Scheduler Setting page is displayed.
Figure 4-9 Schedule a backup
2
Enter the appropriate information in the respective fields.
The FTP configuration in the Backup Scheduler Setting page is the same as that of
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Option
name
Definition
Enable Backup
Select to enable automatic backup at the scheduled time. If you want to stop the
automatic backup, deselect this checkbox.
Backup
Frequency
Specify how frequent you want McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to back up the
database.
• Daily — Select to backup daily.
Time — Specify the time for the daily backup. For example, if you select 1 a.m,
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense backs up at 1 a.m. daily according to its clock.
To back up immediately, you can use the show command on the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense CLI to know the current time on McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
Then with Daily as the backup frequency, you can specify a time accordingly to
back up immediately.
• Weekly — Select to backup once a week.
• Day of the week — Select the day when you want to back up.
• Time — Specify the time of the backup on the selected day.
• Monthly — Select to backup once a month.
• Day of Month — Select the date when you want to back up. For example, if you
select 5, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense backs up the database on the fifth of
every month. You can only specify a date up to 28. This avoids invalid dates
such as February thirtieth.
• Time — Specify the time of the backup on the selected date.
Last Backup
Timestamp of the last successful backup.
Remote IP
The IPv4 address of the FTP server.
Protocol
Select if you want to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to use FTP or SFTP to
transfer the backup file to the FTP server.
Path
The directory where McAfee Advanced Threat Defense must save the file on the FTP
server. For example, to save the file at the root directory, enter /
User Name
The user name that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense must use to access the FTP
server. Make sure that this user name has write access to the specified folder.
Password
The corresponding password.
Test
Click to make sure that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is able to access the
specified FTP server using the selected protocol and user credentials.
You can schedule a backup successfully only if the test connection succeeds.
Submit
Click to schedule the backup.
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3
To view the logs related to backup, select Manage | System Log to view the details such as the start
and end timestamps.
Figure 4-10 Logs related to backup
The backup is stored in a password-protected .zip file in the specified directory in the FTP server.
Do not try to unzip or tamper with this file. If the file gets corrupted, you might not be able to
restore the database backup using that file.
Restore a database backup
Before you begin
•
You configured the FTP IP address, directory path, and user credentials in the Backup
Scheduler Setting page and the test connection is working for the specified configuration.
You can restore a backup only from the same FTP server that you used for taking the
backup.
•
The corresponding backup file that you plan to restore is available on the FTP server at
the specified directory.
•
As a precaution, make sure that there is no other user logged on to McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense during the restoration window. Factor in the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense web application, REST APIs, and CLI.
•
Make sure that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is not analyzing any sample files or
URLs at the time of restoration. Also, make sure no integrated product, user, or script is
submitting samples during the restoration window.
•
Make sure that you do not restore a backup during the backup window.
•
Make sure that there is no McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software upgrade
happening during the restoration window.
The time taken for the backup restore process to complete is usually a few minutes. However, it varies
based on the size of the data involved.
•
You can only restore a backup on the same McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance from which
the database was backed up. For example, you cannot restore a backup from a test McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense Appliance onto a production McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
•
To restore the backup, the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software version must exactly match.
For example, you cannot restore a backup from an earlier or later version. Also, all numbers in the
version must exactly match. For example, you cannot restore a backup from 3.0.4.94.39030 on
3.0.4.94.39031.
There could be some changes regarding the FTP server used for the backup. For example, the IP
address of the FTP backup server could change or you might want to migrate the FTP server to a new
physical or virtual server. If the IP address changes, make sure you update the configuration
accordingly in the Backup Scheduler Setting page. You can then restore from the required backup file.
However, if the server itself is changed, you cannot restore the backups stored in the old server. You
can only restore from the files backed up in the new server.
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Task
1
Select Manage | Backup and Restore | Restore
The Restore Management page is displayed.
Figure 4-11 List of available backup files
Option name
Definition
File Name
The name, which McAfee Advanced Threat Defense assigned to the backup
file.
Do not attempt to change the file name in the FTP server.
Backup Server IP
Address
The IP address of the FTP server in which the backup files are stored.
Backup Time
Timestamp of when the backup was taken.
Remote IP
The IPv4 address of the FTP server.
Submit
Select the required backup file and click Submit to restore the data from that
backup file.
Restoration fails if the backup file is not available at the specified location on
the backup server.
2
To view the logs related to restore, select Manage | System Log.
Figure 4-12 Logs related to data restore
The processes related to sample analysis are stopped before the restore process and restarted
after the restore process.
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Creating analyzer VM
For dynamic analysis, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense executes a suspicious file in a secure virtual
machine (VM) and monitors its behavior for malicious activities. This VM is referred to as an analyzer
VM. This chapter provides the steps for creating an analyzer VM and the VM profile.
Any security software or low-level utility tool on an analyzer VM, might interfere with the dynamic
analysis of the sample file. The sample-file execution might itself be terminated during dynamic
analysis. As a result, the reports might not capture the full behavior of the sample file. If you need to
find out the complete behavior of a sample file, do not patch the operating system of the analyzer VM or
install any security software on it. If you need to find out the effect of the sample file specific to your
network, use your Common Operating Environment (COE) image, with the regular security software, to
create the analyzer VMs.
The high-level steps for creating an analyzer VM and the VM profile are as follows:
1
Create an ISO image of the corresponding operating system. You must also have the license key
for that operating system. For example, to create an Windows 7 analyzer VM, you must have an
ISO image of Windows 7 and the license key.
Only the following operating systems are supported to create the analyzer VMs:
•
Microsoft Windows XP 32-bit Service Pack 2
•
Microsoft Windows XP 32-bit Service Pack 3
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 32-bit Service Pack 1
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 32-bit Service Pack 2
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1
•
Microsoft Windows 7 32-bit Service Pack 1
•
Microsoft Windows 7 64-bit Service Pack 1
•
Microsoft Windows 8.0 Pro 32-bit
•
Microsoft Windows 8.0 Pro 64-bit
•
Android 2.3 by default. You can upgrade it to Android 4.3. See Upgrade the Android analyzer VM
on page 49.
All of the above Windows operating systems can be in English, Chinese Simplified, Japanese,
German, or Italian.
The only pre-installed analyzer VM is the Android VM.
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Create a VMDK file for Windows XP
2
Using VMware Workstation 9.0, create a Virtual Machine Disk (VMDK) file of the ISO image. After
you create the VM, you can install the required applications such as:
•
Internet Explorer versions 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10.
•
Firefox versions 11, 12, and 13.
•
Microsoft Office versions 2003, 2007, 2010, or 2013.
•
Adobe Reader version 8, 9, or 10.
3
Import the VMDK file into the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
4
Convert the VMDK file into an image (.img) file.
5
Create the VM and the VM profile.
If you already have a VMDK file, it must be a single file that contains all the files required to create the
VM.
Contents
Create a VMDK file for Windows XP
Create a VMDK file for Windows 2003 Server
Create a VMDK file for Windows 7
Create a VMDK file for Windows 2008 Server
Create a VMDK file for Windows 8
Import a VMDK file into McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Convert the VMDK file to an image file
Managing VM profiles
View the VM creation log
Create a VMDK file for Windows XP
Before you begin
62
•
Download VMware Workstation 9.0 or above from http://www.vmware.com/products/workstation/
workstation-evaluation and install it.
•
Make sure you have the ISO image of the operating system whose VMDK file you need to create.
•
Make sure you have the license key for the operating system.
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Create a VMDK file for Windows XP
5
Table 5-1 Create a VMDK file from Windows XP SP2 or SP3 ISO image.
Step
Details
Step 1: Start the VMware
Workstation.
This procedure uses VMware Workstation 10 as an example.
Step 2: In the VMware
Workstation page, select File |
New Virtual Machine.
Step 3: In the New Virtual
Machine Wizard window, select
Custom (Advanced) and click Next.
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Table 5-1 Create a VMDK file from Windows XP SP2 or SP3 ISO image. (continued)
Step
Details
Step 4: In the Choose the Virtual
Machine Hardware Compatibility
window, select Workstation 9.0
from the Hardware compatibility
drop-down list. For other
fields, leave the default
values and click Next.
Step 5: In the Guest Operating
System Installation window, select
either Installer disc or Installer disc
image file (iso), browse and
select the ISO image, and
then click Next.
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Table 5-1 Create a VMDK file from Windows XP SP2 or SP3 ISO image. (continued)
Step
Details
Step 6: Enter the information • Windows product key — Enter the license key of the Windows operating
in the Easy Install Information
system for which you are creating the VMDK file.
window and then click Next.
• Full name — You must enter administrator as the Full name.
• Password — You must enter [email protected] as the password. This is the
password that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses to log on to
the VM.
• Confirm — Enter [email protected] again to confirm.
• Log on automatically (requires a password) — Deselect this box.
Step 7: If the VMware
Workstation message displays,
click Yes.
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Table 5-1 Create a VMDK file from Windows XP SP2 or SP3 ISO image. (continued)
Step
Details
Step 8: Enter the information • Virtual Machine name — You must enter virtualMachineImage as the
in the Name the Virtual Machine
name.
window and then click Next.
• Location — Browse and select the folder where you want to create
the VMDK file.
Step 9: In the Processor
Configuration window, leave the
default values and click Next.
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Table 5-1 Create a VMDK file from Windows XP SP2 or SP3 ISO image. (continued)
Step
Details
Step 10: In the Memory for the
Virtual Machine window, set
1024 MB as the memory.
Step 11: In the Network Type
window, leave the default
selection.
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Table 5-1 Create a VMDK file from Windows XP SP2 or SP3 ISO image. (continued)
Step
Details
Step 12: In the Select I/O
Controller Types , leave the
default selection.
Step 13: In the Select a Disk
Type page, select IDE and click
Next.
SCSI disks are not
compatible with McAfee
Advanced Threat
Defense.
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Table 5-1 Create a VMDK file from Windows XP SP2 or SP3 ISO image. (continued)
Step
Details
Step 14: In the Select a Disk
window, select Create a new
virtual disk and click Next.
Step 15: Specify the details
in the Specify Disk Capacity
window and then click Next.
• Maximum disk size (GB) — For Windows XP, the maximum disk size can
be 30 GB, however you must enter 5 GB for optimal performance.
• Select Allocate all disk space now.
• Select Store virtual disk as a single file.
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Table 5-1 Create a VMDK file from Windows XP SP2 or SP3 ISO image. (continued)
Step
Details
Step 16: In the Specify Disk file
window, make sure
virtualMachineImage.vmdk is
displayed by default and click
Next.
If you specified a different
name for Virtual Machine name,
that name is displayed here.
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Table 5-1 Create a VMDK file from Windows XP SP2 or SP3 ISO image. (continued)
Step
Details
Step 17: Complete the
following in the Ready to Create
Virtual Machine window.
• Power on this virtual machine after creation — Select this option.
• Click Finish.
This step might take around 30 minutes to complete.
Step 18: If the Removable
Devices pop-up window is
displayed, select Do not show
this hint again and click OK.
Windows begins to install, which might take around 15 minutes.
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Step
Details
Step 19: Click OK if the
following error message is
displayed — Setup cannot
continue until you enter your
name. Administrator and
Guest are not allowable
names to use.
Step 20: Enter the following
details in the Windows XP
Professional Setup page.
• Name: Enter root
• Organization: Leave this blank and click Next.
This operation might take around 15 minutes.
Step 21: Only if prompted,
• User: administrator
log on to
virtualMachineImage with the • Password: [email protected]
following credentials.
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Step
Details
Step 22: Stop the VMware
Tools installation.
The VMware Tools are not
compatible with McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense. If
you did not stop the VMware
Tools installation, you can
continue with the VMDK file
creation process but make
sure it is uninstalled when the
VMDK file is ready.
Step 23: In the
virtualMachineImage, select
Start | Control Panel | Security
Center | Windows Firewall | OFF.
Step 24: In the
virtualMachineImage VM,
click Start and right-click My
Computer. Then select Manage |
Services and Applications | Services.
Then double-click Telnet.
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Step
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Step 25: In the Telnet
Properties(Local Computer)
window, you must select
Automatic from the Startup type
drop-down list. Then select
Apply | Start | OK.
Step 26: Enable FTP on the
VM.
In the virtualMachineImage,
select Start | Control Panel | Add
or remove Programs | Add or remove
Windows components..
Step 27: In the Windows
Components wizard,
double-click Internet Information
Services(IIS).
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Step
Details
Step 28: In the Internet
Information Services(IIS) pop-up
window, complete the
following.
1 Select File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Service.
2 Select Common Files.
3 Select Internet Information Services Snap-In, click OK, and then click Next.
Step 29: In the Insert Disk
pop-up, click Cancel.
Step 30: In the Windows XP
Setup pop-up, select OK.
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Step
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Step 31: In the VMware
Workstation, right-click on
the VM, which in this example
is virtualMachineImage. Then
select Settings.
Step 32: In the Virtual
Machine Settings window,
select CD/DVD (IDE).
Step 33: In the Use ISO image
file field, browse to the ISO
file that you used and press
OK.
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Step
Details
Step 34: In the Welcome to
Microsoft Windows XP page, click
Exit.
Step 35: In the
virtualMachineImage, select
Start | Control Panel | Add or
remove Programs | Add or remove
Windows components..
Step 36: In the Windows
Components wizard,
double-click Internet Information
Services(IIS).
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Step
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Step 37: In the Internet
Information Services(IIS) pop-up
window, complete the
following.
1 Select File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Service.
2 Select Common Files.
3 Select Internet Information Services Snap-In, click OK, and then click Next.
Step 38: In the Windows
Components Wizard, click Finish to
finish installing FTP.
Step 39: Select Start | Control
Panel | Switch to Classic View |
Administrative Tools and
double-click Internet Information
Services.
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Step
Details
Step 40: In the Internet
Information Services widnow,
expand + below Internet
Information Services.
Step 41: Expand FTP Sites.
Step 42: Right-click on Default
FTP Site and then select
Properties | Home Directory . Then
complete the following.
1 Browse to C:\
2 Select Read.
3 Select Write.
4 Select Log visits and click
Apply and then OK.
Step 43: Set automatic
logon by selecting Start | Run,
enter rundll32
netplwiz.dll,UsersRunDll
and press Enter.
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Step
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Step 44: In the User Accounts
window, deselect Users must
enter a user name and password to
use this computer and click Apply.
Step 45: In the Automatically
• User name — Enter Administrator
Log On pop-up window,
• Password — Enter [email protected]
complete the following and
then press OK in the message
• Confirm Password — Enter [email protected]
boxes.
Step 46: Download Sigcheck
on to your computer (the
native host) from http://
technet.microsoft.com/en-us/
sysinternals/bb897441.aspx.
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The VM that you created has the Windows Firewall switch off as well
as there is no anti-virus installed on it. Therefore, it is recommended
that you download the programs and components on to the native
host first and then copy them to the VM in VMware Workstation.
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Step
Details
Step 47: Extract sigcheck.zip
to C:\WINDOWS\system32
location.
Step 48: In Windows
Explorer, go to C:\ WINDOWS
\system32 and double-click
sigcheck.exe.
Step 49: If prompted, click
Run in the warning message.
Step 50: Click Agree for
Sigcheck License Agreement.
After you click on Agree,
no confirmation
message is displayed.
Step 51: Download
MergeIDE.zip from https://
www.virtualbox.org/
attachment/wiki/
Migrate_Windows/
MergeIDE.zip on to the native
computer and then copy it to
the VM.
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Step
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Step 52: Extract
MergeIDE.zip and run the
MergeIDE batch file in the
VM.
• If prompted, select Run in the warning message.
Step 53: Disable Windows
updates.
1 Select Start | Settings | Control Panel.
• Close Windows Explorer.
2 Open System.
3 In the Automatic Updates tab, deselect Keep my computer up to date.
4 Click Apply and then OK.
Step 54: To analyze
Microsoft Word, Excel, and
Powerpoint files, install
Microsoft Office 2003 on the
virtual machine.
Step 55: Lower the security
to run macros for the Office
applications.
• Open Microsoft Word 2003 and select Tools | Macro | Security and then
select Low and click OK.
• Similarly lower the macro security for Microsoft Excel and
Powerpoint.
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Step
Details
Step 56: You need the
compatibility pack to open
Microsoft Office files that
were created in a newer
version of Microsoft Office.
For example, to open a .docx
file using Office 2003, you
need the corresponding
compatibility pack installed.
Go to http://
www.microsoft.com/en-us/
download/details.aspx?id=3
and download the required
Microsoft Office compatibility
pack for Word, Excel, and
PowerPoint File Formats.
Then install them on the
virtual machine.
Step 57: In the Compatibility
Pack for the 2007 Office system
dialog, select Click here to accept
the Microsoft Software License Terms
and click OK.
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Step
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Step 58: To analyze PDF
1 Install Adobe Reader 9.0 in the VM.
files, download Adobe Reader
to the native host and copy it 2 Open Adobe Reader and click Accept.
to the VM.
This procedure uses
Adobe Reader 9.0 as an
example.
3 In Adobe Reader, select Edit | Preferences | General and deselect Check
for updates.
Step 59: Download the
following on to the native
host and then install them on
the VM.
1 Download Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 Redistributable Package (x86)
from http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?
id=3387and install it.
2 Download Microsoft Visual C++ 2008 Redistributable Package (x86)
from http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?
id=5582and install it.
3 Download Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Redistributable Package (x86)
from http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?
id=5555and install it.
4 Download Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 Service Pack 2 (x86
version) from http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/
details.aspx?id=1639and install it.
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Step
Details
Step 60: To analyze JAR
files, download and install
Java Runtime Environment.
This procedure uses
Java 7 Update 25 as an
example.
Step 61: Open Java in the
Control Panel.
Step 62: In the Update tab,
deselect Check for Updates
Automatically.
Step 63: In the Java Update
Warning dialog, select Do Not
Check and then click OK in the
Java Control Panel.
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Step
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Step 64: In the Windows
Run dialog, enter msconfig.
Step 65: In the System
Configuration utility, go to the
Startup tab.
Deselect reader_sl and jusched and then click OK.
Step 66: In the System
Configuration dialog, click Restart.
Step 67: In the System
Configuration Utility dialog, select
Don't show this message or launch
the System Configuration Utility when
Windows start and click OK.
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Step
Details
Step 68: Open the default
browser and set it up for
malware analysis.
1 Make sure the pop-up blocker is turned on. In Internet Explorer,
select Tools | Pop-up Blocker | Turn on Pop-up Blocker.
This procedure uses
Internet Explorer as an
example.
2 Select Tools | Internet Options and for Home page select Use Blank or Use new
tab based on the version of Internet Explorer.
3 Go to the Advanced tab of the Internet Options and locate Security.
4 Select Allow active content to run in files on My Computer.
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Step
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5 Click OK.
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Step
Details
Step 69: To dynamically
analyze Flash files (SWF),
install the required version of
Adobe Flash.
1 Goto http://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/otherversions/.
This procedure uses
Flash Player 14 as an
example.
2 Select Operating System and Flash Player version respectively as
per your requirement in Step 1 and Step 2 drop-down as shown below.
3 Click on Download now tab.
4 Double-click the Adobe Flash Player Installer file
(install_flashplayer xxx.exe), present at the bottom corner of
your screen.
5 In theSecurity Warning dialogue box, Click Run.
6 In the User Account Control dialogue box, Click Yes.
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Step
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7 Choose your update option and Click NEXT.
8 Click FINISH to complete Adobe Flash Player installation.
Step 70: Shut down
virtualMachineImage by
selecting Start | Shut down.
Step 71: Go to the location
that you provided in step 8 to
find the VMDK file named as
virtualMachineImage‑flat
.vmdk
Create a VMDK file for Windows 2003 Server
Before you begin
90
•
Download VMware Workstation 9.0 or above from http://www.vmware.com/products/workstation/
workstation-evaluation and install it.
•
Make sure you have the ISO image of the operating system whose VMDK file you need to create.
•
Make sure you have the license key for the operating system.
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Table 5-2 Create a VMDK file from Windows 2003 Server SP1 or SP2 ISO image
Step
Details
Step 1: Start the VMware
Workstation.
This procedure uses VMware Workstation 10 as an example.
Step 2: In the VMware
Workstation page, select File |
New Virtual Machine.
Step 3: In the New Virtual
Machine Wizard window, select
Custom (Advanced) and click Next.
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Step
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Step 4: In the Choose the Virtual
Machine Hardware Compatibility
window, select Workstation 9.0
from the Hardware compatibility
drop-down list. For other
fields, leave the default
values and click Next.
Step 5: In the Guest Operating
System Installation window, select
either Installer disc or Installer disc
image file (iso), browse and
select the ISO image, and
then click Next.
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Step
Details
Step 6: In the Select a Guest
Operating System window, select
the corresponding version.
Step 7: Enter the information • Virtual Machine name — You must enter virtualMachineImage as the
in the Name the Virtual Machine
name.
window and then click Next.
• Location — Browse and select the folder where you want to create
the VMDK file.
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Step
Details
Step 8: In the Processor
Configuration window, leave the
default values and click Next.
Step 9: In the Memory for the
Virtual Machine window, set
1024 MB as the memory.
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Step
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Step 10: In the Network Type
window, leave the default
selection.
Step 11: In the Select I/O
Controller Types , leave the
default selection.
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Step
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Step 12: In the Select a Disk
Type page, select IDE and click
Next.
SCSI disks are not
compatible with McAfee
Advanced Threat
Defense.
Step 13: In the Select a Disk
window, select Create a new
virtual disk and click Next.
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Step
Details
Step 14: Specify the details
in the Specify Disk Capacity
window and then click Next.
• Maximum disk size (GB) — You must enter 5 GB.
• Select Allocate all disk space now.
• Select Store virtual disk as a single file.
Step 15: In the Specify Disk file
window, make sure
virtualMachineImage.vmdk is
displayed by default and click
Next.
If you specified a different
name for Virtual Machine name,
that name is displayed here.
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Step
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Step 16: Review the virtual
machine creation settings
and click Finish. This creates
the virtual machine and then
you must install the operating
system.
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Step
Details
Step 17: In the VMware
Workstation, power on the
virtual machine that you just
created and install Windows
Server 2003 following the
usual procedure.
• This step might take
around 30 minutes to
complete.
• You can use the NTFS file
system to format the
partition during installation.
• Do not install VMware
Tools. If you did not stop
the VMware Tools
installation, you can
continue with the VMDK file
creation process but make
sure it is uninstalled when
the VMDK file is ready.
Step 18: In the Regional and
Language Options window, you
can customize the settings.
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Step
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Step 19: Enter the following
details in the Windows Setup
window.
• Name: Enter root
• Organization: Leave this blank and click Next.
Step 20: Enter a valid
product key and click Next.
Step 21: Select Per Server
licensing mode and enter the
valid number of concurrent
connections as per your
license.
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Step
Details
Step 22: Enter the following • Computer name — leave the default value.
details in the Computer Name and
• Administrator password — [email protected]
Administrator Password window.
• Confirm password — [email protected]
Step 23: Click Next in the Date
and Time Settings window.
Step 24: In the Network Settings
window, leave the default
values and click Next.
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Step
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Step 25: Leave the default
values in the Workgroup or
Computer Domain window and
click Next.
Step 26: Log on to the
virtual machine with the
following credentials.
• User: administrator
• Password: [email protected]
Step 27: If the Windows Server
Post-Setup Security Updates page
is displayed, click Finish.
Step 28: If the Manage Your
Server window is displayed,
select Don't Display the page at
logon and close it.
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Step
Details
Step 29: Complete the
following steps.
1 Select Start | Run and enter gpedit.msc.
2 In the Group policy object editor window, select Computer Configuration |
Administrative Templates | System and double-click Display Shutdown Event
Tracker.
3 Select Disabled and click OK.
4 Close the Group policy object editor window.
Step 30: Complete the
following steps only for
Windows Server 2003 SP1.
For Windows Server 2003
SP2, you must not execute
this step.
1 Go to http://support.microsoft.com/hotfix/KBHotfix.aspx?
kbnum=899260&kbln=en-us and install the hotfix corresponding to
your version of Windows Server 2003.
2 Restart the computer.
3 In the Windows command prompt, enter tlntsvr /service and
press Enter.
Step 31: In the
virtualMachineImage, select
Start | Control Panel | Windows
Firewall | OFF.
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Step
Details
Step 32: Click Start and
right-click My Computer. Then
select Manage | Services and
Applications | Services. Then,
double-click Telnet.
Step 33: In the Telnet
Properties(Local Computer)
window, you must select
Automatic from the Startup type
drop-down list. Then select
Apply | Start | OK.
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Step
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Step 34: Enable FTP on the
VM.
1 In the virtualMachineImage, select Start | Control Panel | Add or remove
Programs | Add/Remove Windows components.
2 Double-click Application Server.
3 Double-click Internet Information Services(IIS)
Step 35: In the Internet
Information Services(IIS) pop-up
window, complete the
following.
1 Select Common Files.
2 Select File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Service.
3 Select Internet Information Services Manager, click OK, and then click Next in
the Windows Components Wizard.
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Step
Details
Step 36: In the VMware
Workstation, right-click on
the VM, which in this example
is virtualMachineImage.
Then, select Settings.
Step 37: In the Virtual
Machine Settings window,
select CD/DVD (IDE).
Step 38: In the Use ISO image
file field, browse to the ISO
file that you used and press
OK.
Close Windows Explorer, if it
opens.
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Step
Details
Step 39: In the
virtualMachineImage, select
Start | Control Panel |
Administrative Tools | Internet
Information Services (IIS) Manager.
Step 40: In the Internet
Information Services (IIS) Manager
window, expand + below
Internet Information Services.
Step 41: Complete the
following.
1 Select FTP Sites and then right-click Default FTP Sites.
2 Select Properties | Home Directory.
3 Browse to C:\
4 Select Read.
5 Select Write.
6 Select Log visits and click Apply and then OK.
Step 42: Set automatic
logon by selecting Start | Run,
enter rundll32
netplwiz.dll,UsersRunDll
and press Enter.
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Step
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Step 43: In the User Accounts
window, deselect Users must
enter a user name and password to
use this computer and click Apply.
Step 44: In the Automatically
• User name — Enter Administrator
Log On pop-up window,
• Password — Enter [email protected]
complete the following and
then press OK in the message
• Confirm Password — Enter [email protected]
boxes.
Step 45: Download Sigcheck
on to your computer (the
native host) from http://
technet.microsoft.com/en-us/
sysinternals/bb897441.aspx.
108
The VM that you created has the Windows Firewall switch off as well
as there is no anti-virus installed on it. Therefore, it is recommended
that you download the programs and components on to the native
host first and then copy them to the VM in VMware Workstation.
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Step
Details
Step 46: Extract sigcheck.zip
to C:\WINDOWS\system32
location.
Step 47: In Windows
Explorer, go to C:\ WINDOWS
\system32 and double-click
sigcheck.exe.
Step 48: If prompted, click
Run in the warning message.
Step 49: Click Agree for
Sigcheck License Agreement.
After you click on Agree,
no confirmation
message is displayed.
Step 50: Run the MergeIDE
batch file on the VM.
1 Download MergeIDE.zip from https://www.virtualbox.org/
attachment/wiki/Migrate_Windows/MergeIDE.zip on to the native
computer and then copy it to the VM.
2 Extract MergeIDE.zip and run the MergeIDE batch file in the VM.
3 If prompted, select Run in the warning message.
4 Close Windows Explorer.
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Step
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Step 51: Disable Windows
updates.
1 Select Start | Control Panel | System | Automatic Updates.
2 In the System Properties window, select Turn off Automatic Updates.
3 Click Apply and then OK.
Step 52: To analyze
Microsoft Word, Excel, and
Powerpoint files, install
Microsoft Office 2003 on the
virtual machine.
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Step
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Step 53: Lower the security
to run macros for the Office
applications.
• Open Microsoft Word 2003 and select Tools | Macro | Security and then
select Low and click OK.
• Similarly lower the macro security for Microsoft Excel and
Powerpoint.
Step 54: You need the
compatibility pack to open
Microsoft Office files that
were created in a newer
version of Microsoft Office.
For example, to open a .docx
file using Office 2003, you
need the corresponding
compatibility pack installed.
Go to http://
www.microsoft.com/en-us/
download/details.aspx?id=3
and download the required
Microsoft Office compatibility
pack for Word, Excel, and
PowerPoint File Formats.
Then install them on the
virtual machine.
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Table 5-2 Create a VMDK file from Windows 2003 Server SP1 or SP2 ISO image (continued)
Step
Details
Step 55: In the Compatibility
Pack for the 2007 Office system
dialog, select Click here to accept
the Microsoft Software License Terms
and click OK.
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Step
Details
Step 56: To analyze PDF
1 Install Adobe Reader 9.0 in the VM.
files, download Adobe Reader
to the native host and copy it 2 Open Adobe Reader and click Accept.
to the VM.
This procedure uses
Adobe Reader 9.0 as an
example.
3 In Adobe Reader, select Edit | Preferences | General and deselect Check
for updates.
Step 57: Download the
1 Download Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 Redistributable Package (x86)
following on to the native
from http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?
host and then install them on
id=3387and install it.
the VM.
2 Download Microsoft Visual C++ 2008 Redistributable Package (x86)
from http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?
id=5582and install it.
3 Download Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Redistributable Package (x86)
from http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?
id=5555and install it.
4 Download Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 Service Pack 2 (x86
version) from http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/
details.aspx?id=1639and install it.
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Step
Details
Step 58: To analyze JAR
files, download and install
Java Runtime Environment.
This procedure uses
Java 7 Update 25 as an
example.
Step 59: Open Java in the
Control Panel.
Step 60: In the Update tab,
deselect Check for Updates
Automatically.
Step 61: In the Java Update
Warning dialog, select Do Not
Check and then click OK in the
Java Control Panel.
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Table 5-2 Create a VMDK file from Windows 2003 Server SP1 or SP2 ISO image (continued)
Step
Details
Step 62: In the Windows
Run dialog, enter msconfig.
Step 63: In the System
Configuration utility, go to the
Startup tab.
Deselect reader_sl and jusched and then click OK.
reader_sl is displayed only if you have installed Adobe Reader.
Step 64: In the System
Configuration dialog, click Restart.
Step 65: In the System
Configuration Utility dialog, select
Don't show this message or launch
the System Configuration Utility when
Windows starts and click OK.
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Step
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Step 66: Open the default
browser and set it up for
malware analysis.
1 Ensure the pop-up blocker is turned off. In Internet Explorer, select
Tools | Pop-up Blocker | Turn off Pop-up Blocker.
This procedure uses
Internet Explorer as an
example.
2 Select Tools | Internet Options and for Home page select Use Blank or Use new
tab based on the version of Internet Explorer.
3 Go to the Advanced tab of the Internet Options and locate Security.
4 Select Allow active content to run in files on My Computer.
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Table 5-2 Create a VMDK file from Windows 2003 Server SP1 or SP2 ISO image (continued)
Step
Details
5 Click OK.
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Step
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Step 67: To dynamically
analyze Flash files (SWF),
download the required
version of Adobe Flash.
1 Goto http://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/otherversions/.
This procedure uses
Flash Player 14 as an
example.
2 Select Operating System and Flash Player version respectively as
per your requirement in Step 1 and Step 2 drop-down as shown below.
3 Click on Download now tab.
4 Double-click the Adobe Flash Player Installer file
(install_flashplayer xxx.exe), present at the bottom corner of
your screen.
5 In theSecurity Warning dialogue box, Click Run.
6 In the User Account Control dialogue box, Click Yes.
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Step
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7 Choose your update option and Click NEXT.
8 Click FINISH to complete Adobe Flash Player installation.
Step 68: Shut down
virtualMachineImage by
selecting Start | Shut down | Shut
down | OK.
Step 69: Go to the location
that you provided in step 7 to
find the VMDK file named as
virtualMachineImage‑flat
.vmdk
Create a VMDK file for Windows 7
Before you begin
•
Download VMware Workstation 9.0 or above from http://www.vmware.com/products/workstation/
workstation-evaluation and install it.
•
Make sure you have the ISO image of the operating system whose VMDK file you need to create.
•
Make sure you have the license key for the operating system.
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Use this procedure to create VMDK files from an ISO image of Windows 7 SP1 32 or 64 bit.
Step
Details
Step 1: Start the VMware
Workstation.
This procedure uses VMware Workstation 10 as an example.
Step 2: In the VMware
Workstation page, select File
| New Virtual Machine.
Step 3: In the New Virtual
Machine Wizard window, select
Custom (Advanced) and click
Next.
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Step 4: In the Choose the
Virtual Machine Hardware
Compatibility window, select
Workstation 9.0 from the
Hardware compatibility
drop-down list. For other
fields, leave the default
values and click Next.
Step 5: In the Guest Operating
System Installation window,
select either Installer disc or
Installer disc image file (iso),
browse and select the ISO
image, and then click Next.
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Step
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Step 6: Enter the
information in the Easy Install
Information window and then
click Next.
• Windows product key — Enter the license key of the Windows operating
system for which you are creating the VMDK file.
• Full name — You must enter administrator as the Full name.
• Password — You must enter [email protected] as the password. This is the
password that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses to log on to
the VM.
• Confirm — Enter [email protected] again to confirm.
• Log on automatically (requires a password) — Deselect this box.
Step 7: If the VMware
Workstation message displays,
click Yes.
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Step 8: Enter the
information in the Name the
Virtual Machine window and
then click Next.
• Virtual Machine name — You must enter virtualMachineImage as the
name.
5
• Location — Browse and select the folder where you want to create the
VMDK file.
Step 9: In the Processor
Configuration window, leave
the default values and click
Next.
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Step 10: In the Memory for the
Virtual Machine window, set
3072 MB as the memory.
Step 11: In the Network Type
window, leave the default
selection.
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Step 12: In the Select I/O
Controller Types , leave the
default selection.
Step 13: In the Select a Disk
Type page, select IDE and
click Next.
SCSI disks are not
compatible with
McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense.
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Step
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Step 14: In the Select a Disk
window, select Create a new
virtual disk and click Next.
Step 15: Specify the details
in the Specify Disk Capacity
window and then click Next.
• Maximum disk size (GB) — For Windows 7 64-bit, you must enter, 14 GB.
For Windows 7 32-bit, you must enter 12 GB.
• Select Allocate all disk space now.
• Select Store virtual disk as a single file.
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Step 16: In the Specify Disk
file window, make sure
virtualMachineImage.vmdk
is displayed by default and
click Next.
If you specified a different
name for Virtual Machine name,
that name is displayed here.
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Step 17: Complete the
following in the Ready to Create
Virtual Machine window.
• Power on this virtual machine after creation — Select this option.
• Click Finish.
This step might take around 30 minutes to complete.
Step 18: If the Removable
Devices pop-up window is
displayed, select Do not show
this hint again and click OK.
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Windows begins to install, which might take around 15 minutes.
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Step 19: If the Set Network
Location window is displayed,
select Public Network and
select Close.
Step 20: Stop the VMware
Tools installation.
The VMware Tools are not
compatible with McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense. If
you did not stop the VMware
Tools installation, you can
continue with the VMDK file
creation process but make
sure it is uninstalled when
the VMDK file is ready.
Step 23: In the VM, turn off 1 Select Start | Control Panel | System and Security | Windows Firewall | Turn on
the Windows Firewall.
Windows Firewall On or Off
2 Select Turn off Windows Firewall (not recommended) for both Home or work(private)
network location settings and Public network location settings and then click OK.
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Step 24:Select Start | Control 1 Select Internet Information Services | FTP server and select FTP Extensibility.
Panel | Programs | Programs and
Features | Turn Windows feature on 2 Select Internet Information Services | Web Management Tools and select IIS
or off and complete the
Management Service.
following.
3 Select Telnet Server and press OK.
This operation might take around 5 minutes to complete.
Step 25:Click Start and
right-click Computer. Then
select Manage | Services and
Applications | Services. Then
double-click Telnet.
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Step 26: In the Telnet
Properties (Local Computer)
dialog, select Automatic from
the Startup type list. Then
select Apply | Start | OK.
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Step 27: Enable FTP on the
VM.
1 Select Sites and right-click Default Web Site and remove. Confirm by
clicking Yes.
In the virtualMachineImage,
select Start | Control Panel |
System and Security |
Administrative Tools.
Double-click Internet Information
Services(IIS) Manager, expand
the tree under Hostname, and
complete the following:
2 Right-click Sites and select Add FTP Site. Then complete the following.
a For FTP site name, enter root.
b Physical Path: C:\.
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c Click Next.
3 For Bindings and SSL Settings, select No SSL. For all other fields, leave the
default values and click Next.
Figure 5-1 Binding and SSL settings
4 For Authentication and Authorization Information complete the following.
a Select Basic.
b For Allow access to, select All Users.
c For Permissions, select both Read and Write, and then click Finish.
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d Close the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
Step 28: select Start | Run,
enter netplwiz and press
OK.
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Step 29: In the User Accounts
window, deselect Users must
enter a user name and password to
use this computer and click Apply.
Step 30: In the Automatically
Log On pop-up window,
complete the following and
then press OK in the
message boxes.
• User name — Enter Administrator
Step 31: Download
Sigcheck on to your
computer (the native host)
from http://
technet.microsoft.com/
en-us/sysinternals/
bb897441.aspx.
The VM that you created has the Windows Firewall switch off as well as
there is no anti-virus installed on it. Therefore, it is recommended that
you download the programs and components on to the native host first
and then copy them to the VM in VMware Workstation.
• Password — Enter [email protected]
• Confirm Password — Enter [email protected]
Step 32: Extract
sigcheck.zip to C:\WINDOWS
\system32 location.
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Step 33: In Windows
Explorer, go to C:\
WINDOWS\system32 and
double-click sigcheck.exe.
Step 34 Click Agree for
Sigcheck License Agreement.
After you click on
Agree, no confirmation
message is displayed.
Step 35: Download
MergeIDE.zip from https://
www.virtualbox.org/
attachment/wiki/
Migrate_Windows/
MergeIDE.zip on to the
native computer and then
copy it to the VM.
Step 36: Extract
MergeIDE.zip and run the
MergeIDE batch file in the
VM.
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• If prompted, select Run in the warning message.
• Close Windows Explorer.
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Step 37: Disable Windows
updates.
1 Select Start | Control Panel | Windows Update | Change settings.
5
2 In the Change settings page, complete the following.
a In the Important updates select Never check for updates (not recommended).
b Deselect the check boxes under Recommended updates, Who can install
updates, Microsoft update, Software notifications.
3 Click OK.
Step 38: To analyze
Microsoft Word, Excel, and
Powerpoint files, install
Microsoft Office 2003 on the
virtual machine.
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Step 39: Lower the security • Open Microsoft Word 2003 and select Tools | Macro | Security and then
to run macros for the Office
select Low and click OK.
applications.
• Similarly lower the macro security for Microsoft Excel and
Powerpoint.
Step 40: You need the
compatibility pack to open
Microsoft Office files that
were created in a newer
version of Microsoft Office.
For example, to open
a .docx file using Office
2003, you need the
corresponding compatibility
pack installed.
Go to http://
www.microsoft.com/en-us/
download/details.aspx?id=3
and download the required
Microsoft Office compatibility
pack for Word, Excel, and
PowerPoint File Formats.
Then install them on the
virtual machine.
After you download the
compatibility pack, install it
on the virtual machine. To
open files created by a later
version of Microsoft Office
applications, you must
install the ,
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Step 41: In the Compatibility
Pack for the 2007 Office system
dialog, select Click here to
accept the Microsoft Software
License Terms and click Continue.
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Step
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Step 42: To analyze PDF
files, download Adobe
Reader to the native host
and copy it to the VM.
1 Install Adobe Reader 9.0 in the VM.
2 Open Adobe Reader and click Accept.
This procedure uses
Adobe Reader 9.0 as
an example.
3 In Adobe Reader, select Edit | Preferences | General and deselect Check for
updates.
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Step 43: To analyze JAR
files, download and install
Java Runtime Environment.
This procedure uses
Java 7 Update 25 as
an example.
Step 44: Open Java in
Control Panel.
Step 45:In the Update tab,
deselect Check for Updates
Automatically.
Step 46: In the Java Update
Warning dialog, select Do Not
Check and then click OK in
the Java Control Panel.
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Step 47: In the Windows
Run dialog, enter msconfig.
Step 48: In the System
Configuration utility, go to
the Startup tab.
Deselect reader_sl and jusched and then click OK.
Step 49:: In the System
Configuration dialog, click
Restart.
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Step 50: Open the default
browser and set it up for
malware analysis.
1 Make sure the pop-up blocker is turned on. In Internet Explorer,
select Tools | Pop-up Blocker | Turn on Pop-up Blocker.
5
This procedure uses
Internet Explorer as
an example.
2 Select Tools | Internet Options and for Home page select Use Blank or Use new
tab based on the version of Internet Explorer.
3 Go to the Advanced tab of the Internet Options and locate Security.
4 Select Allow active content to run in files on My Computer.
5 Click OK.
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Step 51: To dynamically
analyze Flash files (SWF),
install the required version
of Adobe Flash.
1 Goto http://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/otherversions/.
This procedure uses
Flash Player 14 as an
example.
2 Select Operating System and Flash Player version respectively as per
your requirement in Step 1 and Step 2 drop-down as shown below.
3 Click on Download now tab.
4 Double-click the Adobe Flash Player Installer file
(install_flashplayer xxx.exe), present at the bottom corner of
your screen.
5 In theSecurity Warning dialogue box, Click Run.
6 In the User Account Control dialogue box, Click Yes.
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7 Choose your update option and Click NEXT.
8 Click FINISH to complete Adobe Flash Player installation.
Step 52: Shut down
virtualMachineImage by
selecting Start | Shut down.
Step 53: Go to the location
that you provided in step 8
to find the VMDK file named
as virtualMachineImage
‑flat.vmdk
Create a VMDK file for Windows 2008 Server
Before you begin
•
Download VMware Workstation 9.0 or above from http://www.vmware.com/products/workstation/
workstation-evaluation and install it.
•
Make sure you have the ISO image of the operating system whose VMDK file you need to create.
•
Make sure you have the license key for the operating system.
Use this procedure to create VMDK files from ISO images of Windows 2008 R2 SP1.
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Step
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Step 1: Start the VMware
Workstation.
This procedure uses VMware Workstation 10 as an example.
Step 2: In the VMware
Workstation page, select File
| New Virtual Machine.
Step 3: In the New Virtual
Machine Wizard window, select
Custom (Advanced) and click
Next.
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Step 4: In the Choose the
Virtual Machine Hardware
Compatibility window, select
Workstation 9.0 from the
Hardware compatibility
drop-down list. For other
fields, leave the default
values and click Next.
Step 5: In the Guest Operating
System Installation window,
select either Installer disc or
Installer disc image file (iso),
browse and select the ISO
image, and then click Next.
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Step
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Step 6: Enter the
information in the Easy Install
Information window and then
click Next.
• Windows product key — Enter the license key of the Windows operating
system for which you are creating the VMDK file.
• Version of Windows to install — Select the Standard or Enterprise version.
• Full name — You must enter administrator as the Full name.
• Password — You must enter [email protected] as the password. This is the
password that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses to log on to
the VM.
• Confirm — Enter [email protected] again to confirm.
• Log on automatically (requires a password) — Deselect this box.
Step 7: If the VMware
Workstation message displays,
click Yes.
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Step 8: Enter the
information in the Name the
Virtual Machine window and
then click Next.
• Virtual Machine name — You must enter virtualMachineImage as the
name.
5
• Location — Browse and select the folder where you want to create the
VMDK file.
Step 9: In the Processor
Configuration window, leave
the default values and click
Next.
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Step 10: In the Memory for the
Virtual Machine window, set
3072 MB as the memory.
Step 11: In the Network Type
window, leave the default
selection.
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Step 12: In the Select I/O
Controller Types , leave the
default selection.
Step 13: In the Select a Disk
Type page, select IDE and
click Next.
SCSI disks are not
compatible with
McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense.
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Step
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Step 14: In the Select a Disk
window, select Create a new
virtual disk and click Next.
Step 15: Specify the details • Maximum disk size (GB) — You must enter 14 GB.
in the Specify Disk Capacity
• Select Allocate all disk space now.
window and then click Next.
• Select Store virtual disk as a single file.
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Step 16: In the Specify Disk
file window, make sure
virtualMachineImage.vmdk
is displayed by default and
click Next.
If you specified a different
name for Virtual Machine name,
that name is displayed here.
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Step 17: Complete the
• Power on this virtual machine after creation — Select this option.
following in the Ready to Create
• Click Finish.
Virtual Machine window.
This step might take around 30 minutes to complete.
Step 18: If the Removable
Devices pop-up window is
displayed, select Do not show
this hint again and click OK.
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Windows begins to install, which might take around 15 minutes.
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Step 19: If the Initial
Configuration Tasks window is
displayed, select Do not show
this window at logon and click
Close.
Step 20: Stop the VMware
Tools installation.
The VMware Tools are not
compatible with McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense. If
you did not stop the VMware
Tools installation, you can
continue with the VMDK file
creation process but make
sure it is uninstalled when
the VMDK file is ready.
Step 21: If the Server Manager
window is displayed, select
Do not show me this console at
logon and close the window.
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Step 22: Complete the
following.
1 In the Windows Run window, enter gpedit.msc and press Enter.
2 In the Local Group Policy Editor window, select Computer Configuration |
Administrative Templates | System and then double-click Display Shutdown
Event Tracker.
3 In the Display Shutdown Event Tracker Properties dialog, select Disabled and
click OK.
Step 23: In the VM, turn off 1 Select Start | Control Panel | Windows Firewall | Turn on Windows Firewall On or Off
the Windows Firewall.
2 Select Off and then click OK.
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Step 24: Enable the Telnet
feature.
1 In the virtualMachineImage, select Start | Administrative Tools | Server
Manager.
5
2 In the Server Manager window, right-click Features and select Add Features.
3 In the Add Features Wizard, select Telnet Server.
4 Click Next and then Install.
5 Click Close after installation succeeds.
Step 25:Select Start |
Administrative Tools | Services.
Then double-click Telnet.
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Step 26: In the Telnet
Properties (Local Computer)
dialog, select Automatic from
the Startup type list. Then
select Apply | Start | OK.
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Step 27: Enable FTP on the
VM.
1 In the virtualMachineImage, select Start | Administrative Tools | Server
Manager.
5
2 In the Server Manager window select Server Manager (virtual machine name) |
Roles | Web Server (IIS).
3 Right-click on Web Server (IIS) and select Add Role Services.
4 In the Add Role Services wizard, select FTP Publishing Service.
This installs the FTP Server and the FTP Management Console.
5 Click Next and then Install.
6 Click Close after the installation succeeds.
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Step 28: select Start | Run,
enter netplwiz and press
OK.
Step 29: In the User Accounts
window, deselect Users must
enter a user name and password to
use this computer and click
Apply.
Step 30: In the Automatically
Log On pop-up window,
complete the following and
then press OK in the
message boxes.
160
• User name — Enter Administrator
• Password — Enter [email protected]
• Confirm Password — Enter [email protected]
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Step
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Step 31: Download
Sigcheck on to your
computer (the native host)
from http://
technet.microsoft.com/
en-us/sysinternals/
bb897441.aspx.
The VM that you created has the Windows Firewall switch off as well as
there is no anti-virus installed on it. Therefore, it is recommended that
you download the programs and components on to the native host first
and then copy them to the VM in VMware Workstation.
Step 32: Extract
sigcheck.zip to C:\WINDOWS
\system32 location.
Step 33: In Windows
Explorer, go to C:\
WINDOWS\system32 and
double-click sigcheck.exe.
Step 34 Click Agree for
Sigcheck License Agreement.
After you click on
Agree, no confirmation
message is displayed.
Step 35: Download
MergeIDE.zip from https://
www.virtualbox.org/
attachment/wiki/
Migrate_Windows/
MergeIDE.zip on to the
native computer and then
copy it to the VM.
Step 36: Extract
MergeIDE.zip and run the
MergeIDE batch file in the
VM.
• If prompted, select Run in the warning message.
• Close Windows Explorer.
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Step 37: Disable Windows
updates.
1 Select Start | Control Panel | Windows Update | Change settings.
2 In the Change settings page, complete the following.
a Select Never check for updates (not recommended).
b Deselect the check box under Recommended updates.
3 Click OK.
Step 38: To analyze
Microsoft Word, Excel, and
Powerpoint files, install
Microsoft Office 2003 on the
virtual machine.
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Step 39: Lower the security • Open Microsoft Word 2003 and select Tools | Macro | Security and then
to run macros for the Office
select Low and click OK.
applications.
• Similarly lower the macro security for Microsoft Excel and
Powerpoint.
Step 40: You need the
compatibility pack to open
Microsoft Office files that
were created in a newer
version of Microsoft Office.
For example, to open
a .docx file using Office
2003, you need the
corresponding compatibility
pack installed.
Go to http://
www.microsoft.com/en-us/
download/details.aspx?id=3
and download the required
Microsoft Office compatibility
pack for Word, Excel, and
PowerPoint File Formats.
Then install them on the
virtual machine.
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Step 41: In the Compatibility
Pack for the 2007 Office system
dialog, select Click here to
accept the Microsoft Software
License Terms and click Continue.
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Step
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Step 42: To analyze PDF
files, download Adobe
Reader to the native host
and copy it to the VM.
1 Install Adobe Reader 9.0 in the VM.
5
2 Open Adobe Reader and click Accept.
This procedure uses
Adobe Reader 9.0 as
an example.
3 In Adobe Reader, select Edit | Preferences | General and deselect Check for
updates.
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Step 43: To analyze JAR
files, download and install
Java Runtime Environment.
This procedure uses
Java 7 Update 25 as
an example.
Step 44: Open Java in
Control Panel.
Step 45: In the Update tab,
deselect Check for Updates
Automatically.
Step 46: In the Java Update
Warning dialog, select Do Not
Check and then click OK in
the Java Control Panel.
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Step 47: In the Windows
Run dialog, enter msconfig.
Step 48: In the System
Configuration utility, go to
the Startup tab.
Deselect all the items and click OK.
Step 49: In the System
Configuration dialog, select
Don't show this message again and
click Restart.
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Step 50: Open the default
browser and set it up for
malware analysis.
1 Make sure the pop-up blocker is turned off. In Internet Explorer,
select Tools | Pop-up Blocker | Turn off Pop-up Blocker.
This procedure uses
Internet Explorer as
an example.
2 Select Tools | Internet Options and for Home page select Use Blank or Use new
tab based on the version of Internet Explorer.
3 Go to the Advanced tab of the Internet Options and locate Security.
4 Select Allow active content to run in files on My Computer.
5 Click OK.
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Step 51: To dynamically
analyze Flash files (SWF),
install the required version
of Adobe Flash.
1 Goto http://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/otherversions/.
This procedure uses
Flash Player 14 as an
example.
5
2 Select Operating System and Flash Player version respectively as per
your requirement in Step 1 and Step 2 drop-down as shown below.
3 Click on Download now tab.
4 Double-click the Adobe Flash Player Installer file
(install_flashplayer xxx.exe), present at the bottom corner of
your screen.
5 In theSecurity Warning dialogue box, Click Run.
6 In the User Account Control dialogue box, Click Yes.
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7 Choose your update option and Click NEXT.
8 Click FINISH to complete Adobe Flash Player installation.
Step 52: Shut down
virtualMachineImage by
selecting Start | Shut down.
Step 53: Go to the location
that you provided in step 8
to find the VMDK file named
as virtualMachineImage
‑flat.vmdk
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Create a VMDK file for Windows 8
Before you begin
•
Download VMware Workstation 9.0 or above from http://www.vmware.com/products/workstation/
workstation-evaluation and install it. McAfee recommends version 9 or 10.
•
Make sure that you have the ISO image of Windows 8 32-bit or 64-bit for which you need to create
the VMDK file. Only Windows 8 Pro is supported. This procedure uses Windows 8 Pro English
version as an example.
•
Make sure you have the details to activate the operating system based on the type of license you
possess. You must activate the operating system before you import the VMDK file into McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense.
Use this procedure to create VMDK files from an ISO image of Windows 8 Pro 32 bit or 64 bit.
Step
Details
Step 1: Start the VMware
Workstation.
This procedure uses VMware Workstation 10 as an example.
Step 2: In the VMware
Workstation page, select
File | New Virtual Machine.
Step 3: In the New Virtual
Machine Wizard window, select
Custom (Advanced) and click
Next.
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Step 4: In the Choose the
Virtual Machine Hardware
Compatibility window, select
Workstation 9.0 from the
Hardware compatibility
drop-down list. For other
fields, leave the default
values and click Next.
Step 5: In the Guest
Operating System Installation
window, select Installer disc
image file (iso), browse and
select the ISO image, and
then click Next.
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Step 6: Enter the
• Windows product key — Enter the license key of the Windows operating
information in the Easy Install
system for which you are creating the VMDK file. For volume license,
Information window and then
you can leave it empty. Click Yes if the following message is displayed
click Next.
subsequently.
• Full name — Enter administrator as the Full name.
• Password — Enter [email protected] as the password. McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense uses this password to log on to the VM.
• Confirm — Enter [email protected] again to confirm.
• Log on automatically (requires a password) — Deselect this box.
Step 7: If the VMware
Workstation message
displays, click Yes.
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Step 8: Enter the
information in the Name the
Virtual Machine window and
then click Next.
• Virtual Machine name — You must enter virtualMachineImage as the
name.
• Location — Browse and select the folder where you want to create the
VMDK file.
Step 9: In the Processor
Configuration window, leave
the default values and click
Next.
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Step 10: In the Memory for
the Virtual Machine window, set
2048 MB as the memory.
Step 11: In the Network Type
window, leave the default
selection.
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Step 12: In the Select I/O
Controller Types , leave the
default selection.
Step 13: In the Select a Disk
Type page, select IDE and
click Next.
SCSI disks are not
compatible with
McAfee Advanced
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Step 14: In the Select a Disk
window, select Create a new
virtual disk and click Next.
Step 15: Specify the
details in the Specify Disk
Capacity window and then
click Next.
• Maximum disk size (GB) — For Windows 8 64-bit and 32-bit, the disk size
can be 30 GB, however you must enter 24 GB for optimal
performance.
• Select Allocate all disk space now.
• Select Store virtual disk as a single file.
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Step 16: In the Specify Disk
file window, make sure
virtualMachineImage.vmdk
is displayed by default and
click Next.
If you specified a different
name for Virtual Machine name,
that name is displayed
here.
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Step 17: Complete the
following in the Ready to
Create Virtual Machine window.
• Power on this virtual machine after creation — Select this option.
5
• Click Finish.
This step might take around 30 minutes to complete.
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Step 18: If the Removable
Devices pop-up window is
displayed, select Do not show
this hint again and click OK.
Windows begins to install, which might take around 15 minutes.
Step 19: Log on to
virtualMachineImage using
the following credentials:
• Administrator
• [email protected]
Step 20: The VM by
default displays in the
Metro UI mode. Click the
Desktop tile to switch to
Desktop mode.
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Details
Step 21: Set up Windows
1 Press the Windows key and R simultaneously, which is the shortcut to
8 to display in the Desktop
open the Run dialog box.
mode instead of the default
Metro UI mode when it
2 In the Run dialog box, enter regedit and press Enter.
starts.
The Registry Editor opens.
3 Select HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE | SOFTWARE | Microsoft | Windows NT |
CurrentVersion | Winlogon and then double-click on Shell.
4 Change Value data to explorer.exe, explorer.exe instead of the
default value of explorer.exe and click OK.
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Step 22: In the VM, turn
off the Windows Firewall.
1 Press the Windows key and X simultaneously and then select Control
Panel | System and Security | Windows Firewall | Turn on Windows Firewall On or Off.
2 Select Turn off Windows Firewall (not recommended) for both Home or work(private)
network location settings and Public network location settings and then click OK.
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Step 23: Disable Windows
Defender.
1 Open the Control Panel and from the View by drop-down select Small
Icons.
5
2 Click Windows Defender.
3 In Windows Defender, select Settings | Administrators and deselect Turn on
Windows Defender. Then click Save changes.
4 Close the Windows Defender message box.
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Step
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Step 24: Disable first
sign-in animation.
1 Press the Windows key and R simultaneously, which is the shortcut to
open the Run dialog box.
2 In the Run dialog box, enter gpedit.msc and press Enter. The Local
Group Policy Editor opens.
3 Select Computer Configuration | Administrative Templates | System | Logon and
then open Show first sign-in animation.
4 Select Disabled and then click OK.
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Step 25:Press the
Windows key and X
simultaneously and then
select Control Panel | Programs
| Programs and Features | Turn
Windows feature on or off and
complete the following.
1 Select Internet Information Services | FTP server and select FTP Extensibility.
2 Select Internet Information Services | Web Management Tools and select IIS
Management Console and IIS Management Service.
3 Select Telnet Server.
4 Select .NET Framework 3.5(includes .NET 2.0 and3.0) and then select Windows
Communication Foundation HTTP Activation and Windows Communication Foundation
Non-HTP Activation options.
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5 Press OK.
6 If the following message is displayed, select Download files from Windows
Update.
This operation might take around 5 minutes to complete.
A confirmation message is displayed when the operation completes.
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Step 26: Edit the power
options.
1 Open the Control Panel and from the View by drop-down select Small
Icons.
2 Click Power Options.
3 Click Choose when to turn off the display.
4 Select Never for Turn off the display and Put the computer to sleep and then click
Save changes.
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Step 27: Press the
Windows key and X
simultaneously and then
select Computer Management |
Services and Applications |
Services. Then double-click
on Telnet.
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Step 28: In the Telnet
Properties (Local
Computer) dialog, select
Automatic from the Startup type
list. Then select Apply | Start
| OK.
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Step 29: Enable FTP on
Windows 8.
1 Press the Windows key and X simultaneously and then select Control
Panel | System and Security | Administrative Tools.
2 Double-click Internet Information Services(IIS) Manager, expand the tree under
Hostname.
3 If you see the following message box, select Do not show this message and
click Cancel.
4 Select Sites and right-click Default Web Site and then select Remove.
Confirm by clicking Yes.
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5 Right-click Sites and select Add FTP Site. Then complete the following.
a For FTP site name, enter root.
b Physical Path: C:\.
c Click Next.
6 For Bindings and SSL Settings, select No SSL. For all other fields, leave the
default values and click Next.
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7 For Authentication and Authorization Information complete the following.
a Select Basic.
b For Allow access to, select All Users.
c For Permissions, select both Read and Write, and then click Finish.
d Close the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
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Step
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Step 30: Turn off
automatic updating for
Windows.
1 Press the Windows key and X simultaneously and then select Control
Panel | Windows Update | Change.
2 Select Never check for updates (not recommended) and click OK.
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Step
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Step 31: Complete the
following:
1 Select Computer Management (Local) | System Tools | Local Users and Groups |
Groups
5
1 Open the Control Panel
and from the View by
drop-down select Small
Icons.
2 Select Administrator Tools |
Computer Management and
complete the steps in the
next column.
2 Double-click TelnetClients.
3 Click Add and enter Administrator.
4 Click Check Names and then OK.
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Step 32: Press the
Windows key and R
simultaneously, which is
the shortcut to open the
Run dialog box. Then enter
netplwiz and click OK.
Step 33: In the User
Accounts window, deselect
Users must enter a user name and
password to use this computer
and click Apply.
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Step 34: In the Automatically • User name — Enter Administrator
sign in pop-up window,
complete the following and • Password — Enter [email protected]
then press OK in the
• Confirm Password — Enter [email protected]
message boxes.
Step 35: Download
Sigcheck on to your
computer (the native host)
from http://
technet.microsoft.com/
en-us/sysinternals/
bb897441.aspx.
The VM that you created has the Windows Firewall switch off as well as
there is no anti-virus installed on it. Therefore, it is recommended that
you download the programs and components on to the native host first
and then copy them to the VM in VMware Workstation.
Step 36: Extract
sigcheck.zip to C:\WINDOWS
\system32 location.
Step 37: In Windows
Explorer, go to C:\
WINDOWS\system32 and
double-click sigcheck.exe.
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Step
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Step 38: Click Agree for
Sigcheck License Agreement.
After you click on
Agree, no confirmation
message is displayed.
Step 39: Download
MergeIDE.zip from https://
www.virtualbox.org/
attachment/wiki/
Migrate_Windows/
MergeIDE.zip on to the
native computer and then
copy it to the VM.
Step 40: Extract
MergeIDE.zip and run the
MergeIDE batch file in the
VM.
• If prompted, select Run in the warning message.
• Close Windows Explorer.
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Step 41: To analyze
Microsoft Word, Excel, and
Powerpoint files, install
Microsoft Office 2003 on
the virtual machine.
Step 42: Lower the
security to run macros for
the Office applications.
• Open Microsoft Word 2003 and select Tools | Macro | Security and then
select Low and click OK.
• Similarly lower the macro security for Microsoft Excel and PowerPoint.
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Step 43: You need the
In the Compatibility Pack for the 2007 Office system dialog, select Click here to accept
compatibility pack to open
the Microsoft Software License Terms and click Continue.
Microsoft Office files that
were created in a newer
version of Microsoft Office.
For example, to open
a .docx file using Office
2003, you need the
corresponding compatibility
pack installed.
Go to http://
www.microsoft.com/en-us/
download/details.aspx?
id=3 and download the
required Microsoft Office
compatibility pack for
Word, Excel, and
PowerPoint File Formats.
Then install them on the
virtual machine.
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Step
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Step 44: To analyze PDF
files, download Adobe
Reader to the native host
and copy it to the VM.
1 Install Adobe Reader 9.0 in the VM.
2 Open Adobe Reader and click Accept.
This procedure uses
Adobe Reader 9.0 as
an example.
3 In Adobe Reader, select Edit | Preferences | General and deselect Check for
updates.
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Step 45: Set Adobe Reader 1 In the Control Panel (icons view), select Default Programs.
9 as the default application
to open PDF files.
2 Select Associate a file type or protocol with a program
3 Locate .pdf and double click on it. Chose Adobe Reader 9.0 as the
default PDF reader.
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Step
5
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Step 46: To analyze JAR
files, download and install
Java Runtime Environment.
This procedure uses
Java 7 Update 25 as
an example.
Step 47: Open Java in
Control Panel.
Step 48:In the Update tab,
deselect Check for Updates
Automatically.
Step 49: In the Java
Update Warning dialog,
select Do Not Check and then
click OK in the Java Control
Panel.
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Step
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Step 50: Disable jusched
and reader_sl.
1 Press the Windows key and R simultaneously, which is the shortcut to
open the Run dialog box. In the Windows Run dialog, enter msconfig
and click OK.
2 In the System Configuration utility, go to the Startup tab.
3 Click Open Task Manager.
4 If Java(TM) Update Scheduler (jusched) is listed, select it and click
Disable.
5 If Adobe Acrobat SpeedLauncher (reader_sl) is listed, select it and
click Disable.
6 In the System Configuration dialog, select Don't show this message again and
click Restart.
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Step 51: Open the default
browser and set it up for
malware analysis.
1 Make sure the pop-up blocker is turned off. In Internet Explorer,
select Tools | Pop-up Blocker | Turn off Pop-up Blocker.
This procedure uses
Internet Explorer as
an example.
2 Select Tools | Internet Options and for Home page enter about:blank.
3 Go to the Advanced tab of the Internet Options and locate Security.
4 Select Allow active content to run in files on My Computer.
5 Click OK.
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Step 52: To dynamically
analyze Flash files (SWF),
install the required version
of Adobe Flash.
1 Goto http://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/otherversions/.
This procedure uses
Flash Player 14 as an
example.
5
2 Select Operating System and Flash Player version respectively as per
your requirement in Step 1 and Step 2 drop-down as shown below.
3 Click on Download now tab.
4 Double-click the Adobe Flash Player Installer file
(install_flashplayer xxx.exe), present at the bottom corner of your
screen.
5 In theSecurity Warning dialogue box, Click Run.
6 In the User Account Control dialogue box, Click Yes.
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7 Choose your update option and Click NEXT.
8 Click FINISH to complete Adobe Flash Player installation.
Step 53: Shut down the
VM.
Step 54: Go to the location If you require, you can rename this VMDK file as Windows 8
that you provided in step 8 x64-flat.vmdk or Windows 8 x32-flat.vmdk.
to find the VMDK file
named as
virtualMachineImage
‑flat.vmdk
Import a VMDK file into McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Before you begin
208
•
You have the VMDK file at hand.
•
The operating system of the VM is activated and it has all the applications that you
require, such as Microsoft Office applications, Adobe PDF Reader, and so on.
•
The VMDK file does not contain any spaces in its file name. If it contains any spaces, the
VMDK to image file conversion will fail subsequently.
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Creating analyzer VM
Convert the VMDK file to an image file
To create an analyzer VM, you must first import the corresponding VMDK file into McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense. By default, you can use only SFTP to import the VMDK file. To use FTP, you must
enable it using the set ftp CLI command. See set ftp on page 314.
Generally, FTP transfer is faster than SFTP but less secure than SFTP. If your Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance is placed in an unsecured network, such as an external network, McAfee recommends you to
use SFTP.
Task
1
Open an FTP client.
For example, you can use WinSCP or FileZilla.
2
3
Connect to the FTP server on McAfee Advanced Threat Defense using the following credentials.
•
Host: IP address of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
•
Username: atdadmin
•
Password: atdadmin
•
Port: The corresponding port number based on the protocol you want to use.
Upload the VMDK file from the local machine to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
Convert the VMDK file to an image file
Before you begin
•
You have uploaded the VMDK file to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
•
You have admin-user permissions in McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
Task
1
In the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application, select Manage | Image Management.
2
In the Image Management page, select the VMDK file that you imported from the VMDK Image drop-down.
3
Provide a name to the image file.
The name that you provide must be between 1 and 20 characters in length and must not contain
any spaces. If the image name contains a space, then the conversion to image file fails.
For malware analysis, you might require multiple analyzer VMs that run on the same operating
system but with different applications. For example, you might require a Windows 7 SP1 analyzer
VM with Internet Explorer 10 and another Windows 7 SP1 analyzer VM with Internet Explorer 11. If
you plan to create multiple analyzer VMs of the same operating system, it is mandatory that you
provide an Image Name. If you plan to create only one analyzer VM for a specific operating system,
then providing the Image Name is optional. If you do not provide a name, a default name is assigned
to the image file, which you use to view the logs, create VM profile, and so on.
The default names for the image files are as follows:
•
winXPsp2: corresponds to Microsoft Windows XP 32-bit Service Pack 2
•
winXPsp3: corresponds to Microsoft Windows XP 32-bit Service Pack 3
•
win7sp1: corresponds to Microsoft Windows 7 32-bit Service Pack 1
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win7x64sp1: corresponds to Microsoft Windows 7 64-bit Service Pack 1
•
win2k3sp1: corresponds to Microsoft Windows Server 2003 32-bit Service Pack 1
•
win2k3sp2: corresponds to Microsoft Windows Server 2003 32-bit Service Pack 2
•
win2k8sp1: corresponds to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1
•
win8p0x32: corresponds to Microsoft Windows 8 32-bit
•
win8p0x64: corresponds to Microsoft Windows 8 64-bit
The name that you provide is appended to the default name. Suppose you provide with_PDF as the
Image Name and the operating system is Windows Server 2003 32-bit Service Pack 1. Then the image
file is named as win2k3sp1_with_PDF.
If you attempt to create multiple analyzer VMs of the same operating system, then every time the
image file is named using the default name for the operating system. Therefore, the same image file
is overwritten every time instead of creating a new analyzer VM of the same operating system. This
is why it is mandatory to provide Image Name when creating multiple analyzer VMs of the same
operating system.
4
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Select the corresponding operating system from the Operating System drop-down.
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5
5
Click Convert.
The time taken for this conversion depends on the size of the VMDK file. For a 15 GB file, an
ATD-3000 might take around five minutes.
Figure 5-2 VMDK to image file conversion
After the conversion is complete, a message is displayed.
Figure 5-3 Confirmation message
6
To view the logs related to image conversion, select the image name from the Select Log list and click
View.
Figure 5-4 Select the image file to view the logs
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If you had not provided the Image Name, then the image file is assigned the default name based on
the operating system. If you had provided an Image Name, the name that you provided is appended
to the default name.
Figure 5-5 Image conversion log entries
Managing VM profiles
After you convert the imported VMDK file to an image file, you create a VM profile for that image file.
You cannot associate this VM profile with any other image file. Similarly, once associated, you cannot
change the VM profile for an image file.
VM profiles contain the operating system and applications in an image file. This enables you to identify
the images that you uploaded to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and then use the appropriate
image for dynamically analyzing a file. You can also specify the number of licenses that you possess
for the operating system and the applications. McAfee Advanced Threat Defense factors this in when
creating concurrent analyzer VMs from the corresponding image file.
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You use the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application to manage VM profiles.
Figure 5-6 Configurations in a VM profile
View VM profiles
You can view the existing VM profiles in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application.
Task
1
Select Policy | VM Profile.
The currently available VM profiles are listed.
Column name Definition
Select
Select to edit or delete the corresponding VM profile.
Name
Name that you have assigned to the VM profile.
Licenses
The number of end-user licenses that you possess for the corresponding
operating system and applications. This is one of the factors that determine the
number of concurrent analyzer VMs on McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
Default
Whether this is a default VM profile.
Size
The size of the image file in megabytes.
Hash
The MD5 hash value of the image file.
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2
Hide the unneeded columns.
a
Move the mouse over the right corner of a column heading and click the drop-down arrow.
b
Select Columns.
c
Select only the required column names from the list.
You can click a column heading and drag it to the required position.
3
To sort the records based on a particular column name, click the column heading.
You can sort the records in the ascending or descending order. Alternatively, move the mouse over
the right corner of a column heading and click the drop-down arrow. Then select Sort Ascending or Sort
Descending.
4
To view the complete details of a specific VM Profile, select the record and click View.
Create VM profiles
After you have converted the VMDK file to the image format, you can initiate the VM creation and also
create the corresponding VM profile.
Each image file that you converted must be associated with only one VM profile. That is, you need one
unused image file for each VM profile that you want to create. However, you can convert the same
VMDK file image files multiple times. This enables you to create multiple image files from one VMDK file.
Task
1
Select Policy | VM Profile | New..
The VM Profile page is displayed.
Figure 5-7 Select the image file
214
2
From the Image drop-down, select the one for which you want to create the VM profile.
3
Click Activate to create the VM from the selected image file.
•
When you click Activate, the VM is opened in a pop-up window. So, make sure pop-up blocker is
not enabled on your browser.
•
This is not related to Windows activation with Microsoft. You must complete Windows activation
before you import the VMDK file into McAfee Advanced Threat Defense using FTP or SFTP.
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A progress bar indicating the VM creation is displayed.
Figure 5-8 Progress of the VM creation
Based on your browser settings, warning messages are displayed before the VM starts.
Figure 5-9 Warning message
Figure 5-10 Warning message
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After you OK the warning messages, the VM starts.
Figure 5-11 VM displayed in a pop-up window
4
After the VM is up, properly shut it down and close the pop-up window.
Figure 5-12 Shut down the VM
Figure 5-13 Close the pop-up window
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5
Click Validate.
Figure 5-14 Validating the image file
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense ensures that the VM is adapted to the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance hardware. Also, it checks if the VM is working fine, configures the required
networking details, checks the applications installed, and so on. If the VM is found to work fine, the
validation is successful.
Click Check Status to view the image validation log. You can proceed to create the VM profile only if
the validation is successful. If the validation fails, review the validation log for the reason. Then
create a new VMDK with the correct settings and redo the process of creating the analyzer VM.
Figure 5-15 Image validation log
6
Create the VM profile for the VM that you created by entering the appropriate information in the
respective fields.
Table 5-3 Option definitions
Option
name
Definition
Name
The name of the image file is automatically displayed as the name for the VM
profile. You cannot modify it.
Description
Optionally, provide a detailed description of the VM profile.
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Table 5-3 Option definitions (continued)
Option
name
Definition
Default Profile
The first time, you must select it to make the VM profile the default one;
subsequently you can select or ignore it.
For a file, if the target host environment is not available or if the required analyzer
VM is not available, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses this VM to dynamically
analyze the file.
Maximum
Licenses
Enter the number of concurrent user licenses that you possess. You must factor in
the operating system as well as the applications in the image file. Consider that the
image file is a Windows 7 machine with Microsoft Office installed. You have 3
concurrent licenses for Windows 7 and 2 for Microsoft Office. In this case, you must
enter 2 as the maximum licenses.
This is one of the factors that determine the number of concurrent analyzer VMs
that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense creates from the image file.
The maximum analyzer VMs supported on an ATD-3000 is 30 and on an ATD-6000,
it is 60. That is, the cumulative value of Maximum Licenses in all the VM profiles must
not exceed 30 for an ATD-3000 and 60 for an ATD-6000, including the default
Android analyzer VM. So, you can have up to 29 licenses for Windows analyzer VMs
in an ATD-3000 and 59 in case of ATD-6000.
The maximum number of analyzer VMs that you can upload to a McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense Appliance depends on the Windows operating system type as well
as the Appliance type.
• Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003 SP1/SP2, Windows 7 SP1 64-bit,
and Windows 7 SP1 32-bit: Up to 20 analyzer VMs on ATD-3000 and 40 on
ATD-6000.
• Windows XP SP2/SP3: Up to 30 analyzer VMs on ATD-3000 and 60 on ATD-6000.
Save
Creates the VM profile record with the information you provided.
When you click Save, the VM creation starts in the background, running as a
daemon, and the VM profile is listed in the VM Profile page.
Even if the newly created VM profile is listed in the VM Profile page, it might take
10-15 minutes before the analyzer VM and VM profile are ready for use.
Cancel
7
Closes the VM Profile page without saving the changes.
Monitor the progress of VM creation.
A message is displayed about the VM creation.
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You can monitor the progress using the following methods:
•
Select Dashboard and check the VM Creation Status monitor.
•
Select Policy | VM Profile to view the status against the corresponding VM profile.
To view the system logs related to VM creation, select Manage | System Log. an
8
To confirm successful VM profile creation, select Policy | Analyzer Profile and check if the VM profile that
you created is listed in the VM Profile drop-down.
Figure 5-16
Edit VM profiles
Before you begin
To edit a VM profile, either you must have created it or you must have admin-user role.
Task
1
Select Policy | VM Profile.
The currently available VM profiles are listed.
2
Select the required record and click Edit.
The VM Profile page is displayed.
3
Make the changes to the required fields and click Save.
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View the VM creation log
Delete VM profiles
Before you begin
•
To delete a VM profile, either you must have created it or you must have admin-user
role.
•
Make sure the VM profile you want to delete is not specified in the analyzer profiles.
Task
1
Select Policy | VM Profile.
The currently available VM profiles are displayed.
2
Select the required record and click Delete.
3
Click Yes to confirm deletion.
View the VM creation log
When you create a VM profile using the VM Profile page, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense creates an
analyzer VM from the image file you selected in the VM profile record. Simultaneously, it prints the
related logs, which you can view in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application. Through
these log entries, you can view what is happening as the analyzer VM is being created. You can use
this information for troubleshooting purposes.
Task
•
After you click Save in the VM Profile page, select Manage | VM Creation Log to view the log entries.
You cannot print or export the log entries.
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Defense for malware analysis
After you install McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance on your network, you can configure it to
analyze malware. For this, you use the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application. You must
have at least the web-access role to configure malware analysis.
This section introduces you to the related terminologies and provides the procedures to set up McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense for malware analysis.
Contents
Terminologies
High-level steps for configuring malware analysis
How McAfee Advanced Threat Defense analyzes malware?
Managing analyzer profiles
Integration with McAfee ePO
Specify proxy server for internet connectivity
Configure the proxy DNS settings
Configure date and time settings
Define custom YARA rules for identifying malware
Terminologies
Being familiar with the following terminologies facilitates malware analysis using McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense.
•
Static analysis — When McAfee Advanced Threat Defense receives a supported file for analysis, it first
performs static analysis of the file. The objective is to check if it is a known malware in the shortest
possible time, and also to preserve the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense resources for dynamic
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Terminologies
analysis. For static analysis, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses the following resources and in
the same order:
•
Local whitelist — This is the list of MD5 hash values of trusted files, which need not be analyzed.
This whitelist is based on the McAfee® Application Control database that is used by other
solutions in the McAfee suite. This has over 230,000,000 entries.
The whitelist feature is enabled by default. To disable it, use the setwhitelist command. There
are commands to manage the entries in the whitelist. The static McAfee® Application Control
database cannot be modified. However, you can add or delete entries based on file hash. You
can also query the whitelist for a certain file hash to see if it has been added to the database.
The default whitelist entries are not periodically updated. However, they might be updated when
you upgrade the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software.
The McAfee products that submit files to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense do have the
capability to perform custom whitelisting as well. This includes the McAfee Web Gateway and
the McAfee Network Security Platform
See whitelist on page 319 for the commands.
•
Local blacklist — This is the list of MD5 hash values of known malware stored in the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense database. When McAfee Advanced Threat Defense detects a malware
through its heuristic McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware engine or through dynamic analysis, it
updates the local blacklist with the file's MD5 hash value. A file is added to this list automatically
only when its malware severity as determined by McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is medium,
high, or very high. There are commands to manage the entries in the blacklist.
See Blacklist on page 303 for the commands.
•
McAfee GTI — This is a global threat correlation engine and intelligence base of global messaging
and communication behavior, which enables the protection of the customers against both known
and emerging electronic threats across all threat areas. The communication behavior includes
the reputation, volume, and network traffic patterns. McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses
both the IP Reputation and File Reputation features of GTI.
For File Reputation queries to succeed, make sure McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is able to
communicate with tunnel.message.trustedsource.org over HTTPS (TCP/443). McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense retrieves the URL updates from List.smartfilter.com over HTTP
(TCP/80).
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Terminologies
•
Gateway Anti-Malware — McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware Engine analyzes the behavior of web sites,
web site code, and downloaded Web 2.0 content in real time to preemptively detect and block
malicious web attacks. It protects businesses from modern blended attacks, including viruses,
worms, adware, spyware, riskware, and other crimeware threats, without relying on virus
signatures.
McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware Engine is embedded within McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to
provide real-time malware detection.
•
Anti-Malware — McAfee Anti-Malware Engine is embedded within McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
The DAT is updated either manually or automatically based on the network connectivity of
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
Static analysis also involves analysis through reverse engineering of the malicious code. This
includes analyzing all the instructions and properties to identify the intended behaviors, which
might not surface immediately. This also provides detailed malware classification information,
widens the security cover, and can identify associated malware that leverages code re-use.
By default, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense downloads the updates for McAfee Gateway
Anti-Malware Engine and McAfee Anti-Malware Engine every 90 minutes. To update immediately, use
update_avdat on page 319 CLI command. For these updates to succeed, make sure McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense can contact wpm.webwasher.com over HTTPS (TCP/443).
•
Dynamic analysis — In this case, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense executes the file in a secure VM and
monitors its behavior to check how malicious the file is. At the end of the analysis, it provides a
detailed report as required by the user. McAfee Advanced Threat Defense does dynamic analysis
after the static analysis is done. By default, if static analysis identifies the malware, McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense does not perform dynamic analysis. However, you can configure McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense to perform dynamic analysis regardless of the results from static
analysis. You can also configure only dynamic analysis without static analysis. Dynamic analysis
includes the disassembly listing feature of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense as well. This feature
can generate the disassembly code of PE files for you to analyze the sample further.
•
Analyzer VM — This is the virtual machine on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense that is used for
dynamic analysis. To create the analyzer VMs, you need to create the VMDK file with the required
operating system and applications. Then, using SFTP, you import this file into the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense Appliance.
Only the following operating systems are supported to create the analyzer VMs:
•
Microsoft Windows XP 32-bit Service Pack 2
•
Microsoft Windows XP 32-bit Service Pack 3
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 32-bit Service Pack 1
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 32-bit Service Pack 2
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1
•
Microsoft Windows 7 32-bit Service Pack 1
•
Microsoft Windows 7 64-bit Service Pack 1
•
Microsoft Windows 8.0 Pro 32-bit
•
Microsoft Windows 8.0 Pro 64-bit
•
Android 2.3 by default. You can upgrade it to Android 4.3. See Upgrade the Android analyzer VM
on page 49.
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Terminologies
All of the above Windows operating systems can be in English, Chinese Simplified, Japanese,
German, or Italian.
The only pre-installed analyzer VM is the Android VM.
You must create analyzer VMs for Windows. You can create different VMs based on your
requirements. The number of analyzer VMs that you can create is limited only by the disk space of
the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance. However, there is a limit as to how many of them
can be used concurrently for analysis. The number of concurrent licenses that you specify also
affects the number of concurrent instances for an analyzer VM.
•
VM profile — After you upload the VM image (.vmdk file) to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense, you
associate each of them with a separate VM profile. A VM profile indicates what is installed in a VM
image and the number of concurrent licenses associated with that VM image. Using the VM image
and the information in the VM profile, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense creates the corresponding
number of analyzer VMs. For example, if you specify that you have 10 licenses for Windows XP SP2
32-bit, then McAfee Advanced Threat Defense understands that it can create up to 10 concurrent
VMs using the corresponding .vmdk file.
•
Analyzer profile — This defines how to analyze a file and what to report. In an analyzer profile, you
configure the following:
•
VM profile
•
Analysis options
•
Reports you wish to see after the analysis
•
Password for zipped sample files
•
Minimum and maximum execution time for dynamic analysis
You can create multiple analyzer profiles based on your requirements. For each McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense user, you must specify a default analyzer profile. This is the analyzer profile that is
used for all files uploaded by the user. Users who use the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web
application to manually upload files for analysis, can choose a different analyzer profile at the time
of file upload. Always, the analyzer profile selected for a file takes precedence over the default
analyzer profile of the corresponding user.
To dynamically analyze a file, the corresponding user must have the VM profile specified in the
user's analyzer profile. This is how the user indicates the environment in which McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense should execute the file. You can also specify a default Windows 32-bit and a 64-bit
VM profile.
•
User — A McAfee Advanced Threat Defense user is one who has the required permissions to submit
files to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for analysis and view the results. In case of manual
submission, a user could use the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application or an FTP client.
In case of automatic submission, you integrate McAfee products such as McAfee Network Security
Platform or McAfee Web Gateway with McAfee Advanced Threat Defense. Then when these
products detect a file download, they automatically submit the file to McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense before allowing the download to complete. So, for these products default user profiles are
available in McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
For each user, you define the default analyzer profile, which in turn can contain the VM profile. If
you use the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for uploading files for analysis, you can override this
default profile at the time of file submission. For other users, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
uses the default profiles.
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High-level steps for configuring malware analysis
High-level steps for configuring malware analysis
This section provides the high-level steps on how to configure McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for
malware analysis and reporting:
Figure 6-1 Summarized steps for configuring malware analysis
1
Set up the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance and ensure that it is up and running.
•
Based on your deployment option, make sure the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
has the required network connections. For example, if you integrate it with Network Security
Platform, make sure the Sensor, Manager, and the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
are able to communicate with each other.
•
Make sure the required static analysis modules, such as the McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware
Engine are up-to-date.
2
Create the analyzer VMs and the VM profiles. See Creating analyzer VM on page 4.
3
Create the analyzer profiles that you need. See Managing analyzer profiles on page 229.
4
If you want McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to upload the results to an FTP server, configure it
and have the details with you before you create the profiles for the corresponding users.
5
Create the required user profiles. See Add users on page 37.
6
Log on to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application using the credentials of a user you
created and upload a sample file for analysis. This is to check if you have configured McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense as required. See Upload files for analysis using McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense web application on page 248.
7
In the Analysis Status page, monitor the status of the analysis. See Monitor the status of malware
analysis on page 257
8
After the analysis is complete, view the report in the Analysis Results page. See View the analysis
results on page 259.
How McAfee Advanced Threat Defense analyzes malware?
This section explains a typical workflow when McAfee Advanced Threat Defense analyzes files for
malware.
Consider that you have uploaded a file manually using McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web
application:
1
Assuming the file format is supported, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense unpacks the file and
calculates the MD5 hash value.
2
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense applies the analyzer profile that you specified during file upload.
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3
Based on the configuration in the analyzer profile, it determines the modules to use for static
analysis and checks the file against those modules.
4
If the file is found to be malicious during static analysis, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense stops
further analysis and generates the required reports. This, however, depends on how you have
configured the corresponding analyzer profile.
5
If the static analysis does not report any malware or if you had configured McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense to perform dynamic analysis regardless of the results from static analysis, McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense initiates dynamic analysis for the file.
6
It executes the file in the corresponding analyzer VMs and records every behavior. The analyzer VM
is determined based on the VM profile in the analyzer profile.
7
If the file is fully executed or if the maximum execution period expires, McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense prepares the required reports.
8
After dynamic analysis is complete, it sets the analyzer VMs to their baseline version so that they
can be used for the next file in queue.
Internet access to sample files
When being dynamically analyzed, a sample might access a resource on the Internet. For example,
the sample might attempt to download additional malicious code or attempt to upload information that
it collected from the host machine (in this case, the analyzer VM). You can configure McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense to provide network services to analyzer VMs so that the network activities of a sample
file can be analyzed.
Providing Internet access to samples enables McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to analyze the network
behavior of a sample and also determine the impact of the additional files downloaded from the
Internet. Some malware might try to determine if they are being executed in a sandbox by requesting
for Internet access and then alter their behavior accordingly.
When an analyzer VM is created, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense makes sure that the analyzer VM
has the configurations to communicate over a network when required.
You can control granting real network access to an analyzer VM through a setting in the analyzer
profiles. Network services are provided regardless of the method used to submit the sample. For
example, it is provided to samples submitted manually using the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
web application as well as samples submitted by the integrated products.
The following is the high-level process flow when a sample accesses a resource on the Internet.
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1
A sample attempts to access a resource on the Internet.
2
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense checks if the Internet connectivity is enabled in the
corresponding analyzer profile used for this analysis.
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3
Based on whether Internet connectivity is enabled or not, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
determines the mode in which network services are to be provided.
•
Simulator mode — If Internet connectivity is not enabled in the analyzer profile, this mode is
used. McAfee Advanced Threat Defense can represent itself as being the target resource. For
example, if the sample attempts to download a file through FTP, McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense simulates this connection for the analyzer VM.
•
Real Internet mode — This mode requires the management port (eth-0), eth-1, eth-2 or eth-3
to have access to the Internet. If Internet connectivity is enabled in the analyzer profile, McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense uses this mode. McAfee Advanced Threat Defense provides real
Internet connection through the management port by default, which is publicly routed or
directed towards your enterprise firewall as per your network configuration. Because the traffic
from an analyzer VM could be malicious, you might want to segregate this traffic away from
your production network. In this case, you can use McAfee Advanced Threat Defense's eth-1,
eth-2, or eth-3 provide Internet access to the analyzer VM.
Even if you have configured a HTTP proxy server in the HTTP Proxy Settings page, this traffic is not
routed to that server. So, make sure your enterprise firewall is configured to handle this traffic.
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4
Regardless of the mode used, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense logs all the network activities.
However, the types of reports generated might vary based on the mode.
•
Network activities are summarized and presented in the Analysis Summary report. You can find
the DNS queries and socket activities under network operations. You can find all the network
activities in the Network Simulator section of the report.
•
The dns.log report also contains the DNS queries made by the sample.
•
The packet capture of the network activities is provided in the NetLog folder within the
Complete Results zip file.
Figure 6-2 Internet access to samples - process flow
Recall that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses its management port (eth-0) by default to provide
Internet access to samples. You can also configure a different port for this purpose.
To enable a different Ethernet port for malware network access, follow the procedure below:
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1
Log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense CLI and enable the required port. For example, set
intfport 1 enable to enable eth-1 port.
2
Set the required IP address and subnet mask for the port. For example, set intfport 1
10.10.10.10 255.255.255.0
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3
For the Ethernet port, set the gateway through which you want to route the Internet access. For
example, set malware-intfport 1 gateway 10.10.10.252
4
Run the show intfport <port number> command for the port to check if it is configured for
malware Internet access. For example, show intfport 1. Verify the Malware Interface Port and
Malware Gateway entries.
•
To revert to the managment port (eth-0) for malware Internet access, run set malware-intfport
mgmt in the CLI. McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses its management port IP and the
corresponding default gateway to provide Internet access to samples.
•
Suppose you configured eth-1 for malware Internet access but now you want to use eth-2. Then,
follow the above procedure for eth-2. Eth-2 is set as the port for Internet access for malware.
•
Suppose you configured eth-1 for Internet access but now you want to use eth-1 but with a
different IP address or gateway. Then, repeat the procedure but with the new IP address or
gateway.
•
The route add network command is for general Advanced Threat Defense traffic. Whereas, set
malware-intfport is for Internet traffic from an analyzer VM. So, the route add network and the
set malware-intfport commands do not affect each other.
Managing analyzer profiles
When a file is manually or automatically submitted to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for analysis, it
uses the corresponding analyzer profile to determine how the file needs to be analyzed and what
needs to be reported in the analysis results. You specify the VM profile in the analyzer profile. You also
define how the file is to be analyzed for malware and the reports to be published. Thus, an analyzer
profile contains all the critical user-configuration on how to analyze a file.
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You use the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application to manage analyzer profiles.
Figure 6-3 Contents of an analyzer profile
View analyzer profiles
Based on your user role, you can view the existing analyzer profiles in the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense web application.
Task
1
Select Policy | Analyzer Profile.
If you have web access, you can view only the analyzer profiles that you created. If you have
admin access, you can view all the analyzer profiles currently in the database.
Column name
Definition
Select
Select to edit or delete the corresponding analyzer profile.
Name
Name that you have assigned to the analyzer profile.
Description
The description of the characteristics of the analyzer profile.
OS Name
Corresponds to the name of the VM profile specified in the analyzer profile.
Automatically Select OS Indicates if you have selected the Automatically Select OS option in the analyzer
profile.
2
Hide the unneeded columns.
a
Move the mouse over the right corner of a column heading and click the drop-down arrow.
b
Select Columns.
c
Select only the required column names from the list.
You can click a column heading and drag it to the required position.
3
To sort the records based on a particular column name, click the column heading.
You can sort the records in the ascending or descending order. Alternatively, move the mouse over
the right corner of a column heading and click the drop-down arrow. Then select Sort Ascending or Sort
Descending.
4
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To view the complete details of a specific analyzer profile, select the record and click View.
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Create analyzer profiles
Before you begin
•
If you intend to select the dynamic analysis option in the analyzer profile, make sure
that you have created the required VM profile. VM profiles are also required if you want
to use the Automatically Select OS option.
•
If you want to enable Internet access to samples, then you need admin user privileges.
Task
1
Select Policy | Analyzer Profile | New.
The Analyzer Profile page is displayed.
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Enter the appropriate information in the respective fields.
Option name
Definition
Name
Enter the name for the analyzer profile. It should allow you to easily identify the
characteristics of that analyzer profile.
Description
Optionally, provide a detailed description of the analyzer profile.
VM Profile
Select the VM profile McAfee Advanced Threat Defense must use for dynamically
analyzing a file.
Automatically Select If you want McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to automatically select the VM
OS
profile for Windows 32 bit and Windows 64 bit, select Enable and then select the
VM profiles from the Windows 32-bit VM Profile and Windows 64-bit VM Profile.
Consider that for VM Profile, you have selected Android. You have enabled
Automatically Select OS. For Windows 32-bit VM Profile, you have selected Windows XP
SP3 and for Windows 64-bit VM Profile, you have selected Windows 7 SP1 64-bit.
Now, when an .apk file is detected, the Android analyzer VM is used for
dynamically analyzing the file. Similarly, for a PE32 file, Windows XP SP3 is
used. For a PE64 file, Windows 7 SP1 64-bit analyzer VM is used.
If McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is unable to determine the operating system
for this analyzer profile or if the determined analyzer VM is not available, it uses
the VM mentioned in the VM Profile field.
Archive Password
Enter the password for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to unzip a
password-protected malware sample.
Confirm Password
Re-enter the password for confirmation.
Minimum Run Time
(sec)
Specify the minimum time duration for which McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
should dynamically analyze the sample. The default value is 5 seconds. The
maximum value allowed is 600 seconds. If the file stops executing before this
time period, dynamic analysis is stopped.
Maximum Run Time
(sec)
Specify the maximum time duration for which McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
should dynamically analyze the sample. The default value is 180 seconds. The
maximum value allowed is 600 seconds. If the file does not stop execution
before this time period expires, the dynamic analysis is stopped.
Analysis Summary
Select to include the Analysis Summary report in the analysis results. See View
the Analysis Summary report on page 261.
Packet captures
Select to capture the network packets if the file attempts to communicate
during dynamic analysis. The pcap file is provided in the complete results zip
file.
Dropped Files
Select to generate the Files Created in Sandbox report. See Dropped files report
on page 267.
Disassembly Results Select if you want McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to generate the
disassembly code of PE files. See Disassembly Results on page 267.
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Logic Path Graph
Select to generate Logic Path Graph report. See Logic Path Graph on page 268.
User API Log
This report provides Windows user-level DLL API calls made directly by the
malware sample during dynamic analysis. See User API Log on page 273.
Local Black List
Select if you want McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to check the file's MD5 hash
value with the list of black-listed MD5 hash values in its local database.
Anti-Malware
Select if you want McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to scan the file using
McAfee Anti-Malware Engine.
GTI File Reputation
Select if you want McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to check the file's MD5 hash
value with McAfee GTI. Make sure McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is able to
communicate with McAfee GTI, which is on the cloud.
Gateway
Anti-Malware
Select if you want McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to check the file using
McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware Engine.
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Managing analyzer profiles
Option name
Definition
Sandbox
Select if you want the file to be dynamically analyzed. A file is not dynamically
analyzed if any of the static methods report it as a malware or a white-listed
file. If you want to dynamically analyze the file regardless of the result from
static analysis, select Run All Selected as well.
Make sure you have selected the VM profile and the Runtime Parameters.
Run All Selected
Select if you want McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to analyze the file using all
the selected analyze options regardless of the result from any specific method.
Enable Malware
Internet Access
Select to provide Internet access to samples when they attempt to access a
resource on the Internet.
To enable this option, the Sandbox option under Analyzer Options must be
enabled. Also, you must have admin role privileges to select or deselect Enable
Malware Internet Access.
Because the sample being analyzed could potentially be a malware, selecting the
Enable Malware Internet Access option involves the risk of malicious traffic propagating
out of your network. A disclaimer message is displayed when you select this
option, and you must click OK to proceed.
Save
Creates the analyzer profile record with the information you provided.
Cancel
Closes the Analyzer Profile page without saving the changes.
Edit analyzer profiles
Task
1
Select Policy | Analyzer Profile.
If you have web access, you can view only the analyzer profiles that you created. If you have
admin access, you can view all the analyzer profiles currently in the database.
2
Select the required record and click Edit.
The Analyzer Profile page is displayed.
3
Make the changes to the required fields and click Save.
The changes affect the corresponding users even if they are currently logged on.
Delete analyzer profiles
Before you begin
Make sure the users to whom you have assigned this analyzer profile are not currently
logged on to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
Task
1
Select Policy | Analyzer Profile.
If you have web access, you can view only the analyzer profiles that you created. If you have
admin access, you can view all the analyzer profiles currently in the database.
2
Select the required record and click Delete.
3
Click Yes to confirm deletion.
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Integration with McAfee ePO
Integration with McAfee ePO
Integrating McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and McAfee ePO enables McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense to correctly identify the target host environment and use the corresponding analyzer VM for
dynamic analysis.
To determine the analyzer VM for a file submitted by Network Security Platform or McAfee Web
Gateway, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses the following sources of information in the same
order of priority:
1
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense queries McAfee ePO for the operating system of a host based on
its IP address. If information from this source or if the corresponding analyzer VM is not available,
it goes to the next source.
2
If Device Profiling is enabled, the Sensor provides the operating system and application details
when forwarding a file for analysis. If information from this source or if the corresponding analyzer
VM is not available, it goes to the next source.
3
From the analyzer profile in the corresponding user record, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
determines the VM profile. If information from this source or if the corresponding analyzer VM is
not available, it goes to the next source.
4
The VM profile that you selected as the default. From the VM profiles in your setup, you can select
one of them as the default one.
When McAfee Advanced Threat Defense receives host information for a particular IP address from
McAfee ePO, it caches this detail.
•
The cached IP address to host information data has a time to live (TTL) value of 48 hours.
•
For the first 24 hours, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense just uses the host information in the
cache.
•
For the second 24 hours, that is from 24 to 48 hours, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses the
host information from the cache but also queries McAfee ePO and updates its cache. This updated
information is valid for the next 48 hours.
•
If the cached information is more than 48 hours old, it treats it as if there is no cached information
for the corresponding IP address. That is, it attempts to find the information from other sources
and also sends a query to McAfee ePO.
The following explains how McAfee Advanced Threat Defense collaborates with McAfee ePO.
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1
Network Security Platform or McAfee Web Gateway sends a file to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
for analysis. When Network Security Platform sends a file, the IP address of the target host is also
sent.
2
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense checks its cache to see if there is a valid operating system
mapped to that IP address.
3
If it is the first time that a file for that IP address is being analyzed, there is no information in the
cache. So, it determines the analyzer VM from the device profiling information in case of Network
Security Platform and user record in case of McAfee Web Gateway. Simultaneously, it sends a
query to McAfee ePO for host information based on the IP address.
4
McAfee ePO forwards the host information to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense, which is cached for
further use.
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Specify proxy server for internet connectivity
Configure McAfee ePO integration
Integration with McAfee ePO, enables McAfee ePO to gather information such as the operating system
and browsers installed on the target host. McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses this information to
select the best analyzer VM for dynamic analysis.
Task
1
Select Manage | ePO Login.
The ePO Login page displays.
Figure 6-4 McAfee ePO integration
2
Enter the details in the appropriate fields.
Option name Definition
Login ID
Enter the McAfee ePO login name that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense should
use to access the McAfee ePO server.
McAfee recommends you create a McAfee ePO user account with View‑only
permissions required for integration.
Password
Enter the password corresponding to the Login ID you entered.
IP Address
Enter the IPv4 address of the McAfee ePO server.
Contact your McAfee ePO administrator for the IP address.
Port Number
Specify the HTTPS listening port on the McAfee ePO server that will be used for
the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense — McAfee ePO communication.
Contact your McAfee ePO administrator for the port number.
Test
Click to verify if McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is able to reach the configured
McAfee ePO server over the specified port.
Submit
Click to save the configuration and enable McAfee Advanced Threat Defense —
McAfee ePO integration. Make sure that the test connection is successful before
you click Save.
Disable
Click to disable the integration between McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and
McAfee ePO.
Specify proxy server for internet connectivity
If McAfee Advanced Threat Defense connects to a proxy server for internet connectivity, you can
configure McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to connect to that server for proxy service.
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Configure the proxy DNS settings
Task
1
Select Manage | HTTP Proxy Setting.
The HTTP Proxy Setting page is displayed.
Figure 6-5 Proxy Setting page
2
Enter the appropriate information in the respective fields.
Option name Definition
Enable Proxy
Select to connect McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to a proxy server for Internet
connectivity.
User Name
Enter the user name that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for the proxied
Internet connection.
Password
Enter the corresponding password.
Proxy IP Address
Enter the IPv4 address of the proxy server.
Port Number
Enter the port number on which the proxy server is listening for incoming
connections.
Test
Click to verify if McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is able to reach the configured
HTTP proxy server over the specified port.
Submit
Click to save the proxy settings in the database. Make sure that the test
connection is successful before you click Save.
Configure the proxy DNS settings
When being executed, some files might send DNS queries to resolve names. Mostly, such queries are
an attempt by malware to determine if they are being run in a sandbox environment. If the DNS query
fails, the file might take an alternate path. When McAfee Advanced Threat Defense dynamically
analyzes such a file, you might want to provide a proxy DNS service in order to bring out the actual
behavior of the file.
Task
1
Select Manage | DNS Proxy Setting.
The DNS Proxy Setting page is displayed.
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2
Enter the appropriate information in the respective fields.
Option name
Definition
Domain
Enter the Active Directory domain name, for example, McAfee.com.
Preferred DNS Server Enter the IPv4 address of the primary DNS proxy server. The DNS queries from
analyzer VMs are come to this DNS server.
Alternate DNS Server Enter the IPv4 address of the secondary DNS proxy server. If the analyzer VM is
unable to reach the primary DNS server, the DNS queries come to the
secondary DNS server.
Test
Click verify if McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is able to reach either the
preferred or the alternate DNS server.
Submit
Click to save the configuration in the database. Make sure that the test
connection is successful before you click Save.
Configure date and time settings
Before you begin
•
You need admin user privileges to view or set the date and time settings.
•
If you plan to use domain names of Network Security Protocol (NTP) servers, make sure
you have configured the DNS servers correctly in McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
You can set the date and time on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance as per your
requirement in the Date and Time Settings page. McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses the date and time
that you configure for all its functional and display purposes. The date and time in the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense web application user interfaces, reports, log files, and CLI are all as per the
date and time that you specify. For example, the timestamp in the Analysis Status and Analysis
Results pages are as per the date and time that you configure.
You can either manually specify the date and time or configure Network Time Protocol (NTP) servers
as the time source for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense. If you specify NTP servers, you can configure
up to 3 Network Time Protocol (NTP) servers. In this case, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense acts as
an NTP client and synchronizes with the highest priority NTP server that is available.
•
By default, synchronization with NTP servers is enabled in McAfee Advanced Threat Defense. Also,
pool.ntp.org is configured as the default NTP server. The default time zone is Pacific Standard
Time (UTC-8).
•
When you upgrade from a previous version without selecting the Reset Database option, the date and
time settings from the previously installed version are preserved. If you upgrade with the Reset
Database option selected, the default date and time settings as described above are set.
•
At any point in time, there must be at least one valid NTP server specified in the Date and Time Settings
page of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense. You can add, edit, or delete the list of NTP servers
specified in McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
•
Based on the access available to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense, you can specify public NTP
servers or the ones locally on your network.
•
You can specify the domain name or the IPv4 address of NTP servers. If you specify the domain
names, then you must have configured DNS settings in McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
If you specify public NTP servers, then using the domain names instead of IP addresses is
recommended. The domain of a public NTP server might resolve to different IP addresses based on
various factors.
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•
Whether you enable NTP server synchronization or manually set the date and time, you must select
the required time zone in the Date and Time Settings page. If you configure an NTP server, McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense considers only the date and time from the NTP server. But for the time
zone, it relies on what is specified in the Date and Time Settings page.
•
•
The date and time on a McAfee Advanced Threat Defense client has no impact on the timestamps
that are displayed. Consider that the current time on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance is 10 am PST (UTC-8). Regardless of the time zone from which you access this McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense Appliance, all the timestamps are displayed in PST only. That is, the
timestamps are not converted based on a client's date and time.
•
When the current date and time settings are changed, the timestamp for all the older records are
also changed accordingly. Consider that the current time zone is PST (UTC-8) and you change it to
Japan Standard Time (UTC+9). Then the timestamp for the older records are all converted as per
Japan Standard Time (JST). For example, if the timestamp displayed for a record in the Analysis
Status page was 0100 hours (1 am) PST before you changed the time zone. After you change the
time zone to JST, the timestamp for the same record is 1800 hours JST.
•
The date and time settings of all the analyzer VMs are immediately synchronized to the date and
time on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
Task
1
Select Manage | Date and Time Settings.
The Date and Time Settings page is displayed.
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Enter the appropriate information in the respective fields and click Submit in the affected sections
separately.
Option
name
Definition
Enable
Network
Time
Protocol
Select if you want McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to act as an NTP client. By default
this is selected.
Priority
This is the order of priority assigned to the NTP servers. At the scheduled interval,
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense attempts to synchronize with the first NTP server. If
not available, it attempts to synchronize with the second and then the third.
NTP Server
Name
Specify the domain name or IPv4 addresses of the NTP servers in the order of priority
that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense should synchronize with. If you enter domain
names, make sure you have configured the DNS settings properly.
To manually set the time for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense, deselect this option.
At any point in time, there must be at least one reachable NTP server configured.
Delete
Select if you want to remove an NTP server from the list.
Status
Indicates whether a particular NTP server is reachable or not. Green indicates the
server is reachable and red indicates that the server is not reachable.
Date/Time
To manually specify the date and time for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense, deselect
Enable Network Time Protocol and click Submit under Network Time Protocol. Specify the date and
time in the corresponding fields and then click Submit under Date and Time Settings.
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Option
name
Definition
Select
Time-zone
Select the required time zone from the list and click Submit under Time-zone Setting. The
default time zone is Pacific Time.
Submit
Implements the changes that you made in the corresponding sections of the Date and
time settings page and also saves them in the database.
After you click Submit for Network Time Protocol, a success message is displayed. If you
click OK for this message, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense checks if it can reach the
specified NTP servers and updates the Status accordingly for each NTP server.
You must click the Submit separately for affected sections. For example, if you make
changes to the list of NTP servers and also change the time zone, you must click Submit
under Network Time Protocol and Submit under Time-zone Setting separately.
Define custom YARA rules for identifying malware
YARA is a rule-based tool to identify and classify malware. McAfee Advanced Threat Defense enables
you to use your own YARA rules to identify and classify malware. You can therefore import your own
descriptions of malware into McAfee Advanced Threat Defense. YARA rules also enable you to
customize the detection capabilities of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to suit your needs. For
example, you can use YARA rules if you would like certain registry operations to be reported as a
particular severity level rather than the default severity level assigned by McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense. You can also write YARA rules to catch zero‐day or near-zero-day malware. You can write
your own YARA rules or use the YARA rules from a third party.
In this section, the word sample, refers to both files and URLs that have been submitted to McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense for malware analysis.
You can store your custom YARA rules in a text file. You can name this file such that it enables you
track modifications to your YARA rule set. You import this text file into McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense through the web application user interface. Internally, these rules are saved in a file named
custom.yara.
Assuming you have enabled all analyze options with custom YARA rules, McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense processes the sample files and URLs in the following order of priority:
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1
Local whitelist
2
Local blacklist
3
McAfee GTI
4
McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware Engine
5
McAfee Anti-Malware Engine
6
Dynamic analysis
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7
Custom YARA rules: These are user-managed YARA rules.
8
Internal YARA rules: These are internal YARA rules which are defined by McAfee and updated only
during McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software upgrades, if necessary. You cannot view or
download these rules.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense checks a sample against YARA rules only if the sample is dynamically
analyzed.
Figure 6-6 A sample YARA rule
After you import your YARA rules into McAfee Advanced Threat Defense, the malware detection and
classification are based on these rules as well. Final severity result of sample analysis is determined as
a maximum value from analysis methods mentioned above, including custom YARA rules.
Figure 6-7 Final score influenced by custom YARA rule score
Considerations
•
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense supports custom YARA rules only from McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense release 3.2.0.
•
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0 supports YARA version 1.0 only. So, all YARA features
documented in YARA User's Manual for version 1.0 are supported.
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•
In an McAfee Advanced Threat Defense cluster setup, each node maintains its set of custom YARA
rules separately. That is, the custom YARA rules that you define in the primary node are not sent to
the secondary nodes automatically.
•
There is no limit on the number of rules that you can include in your custom YARA rules file.
Neither is there a limit on the size of this file. However, the number of rules and their complexity
might affect the performance of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
Create the custom YARA rules file
Before you begin
•
You are familiar with all features of YARA that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
currently supports.
•
You have identified the user API log of the sample that you want to use as a reference
for creating your YARA rules.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense applies the custom YARA rules on the User API log of an analyzed
sample. So, to create custom YARA rules to catch a specific behavior, you can use the user API log of a
sample that caused the same behavior. You can use YARA rules to catch runtime DLLs, file operations,
registry operations, process operations, and other operations reported in analysis summary report for
a sample. For example, to catch a specific runtime DLL, see a sample's user API log and write a YARA
rule for that DLL.
Task
1
Create a text file and open it in a text editor such as Windows Notepad.
2
Enter the comments in the text file to track the APIs or data that are the sources for your YARA
rules.
Figure 6-8 Comments for the custom YARA rules file
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3
Write the first rule and provide it a name.
4
Enter the metadata for the rule.
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Metadata is mandatory for standard rules and optional for helper rules. Regarding custom YARA
rules, metadata can contain classification, description, and severity. Use a [metadata field name] =
[string/value] format to define all these three metadata fields. These fields are case-insensitive.
Figure 6-9 Metadata for a custom YARA rule
a
Optionally, enter the classification value for the YARA rule. Classification is the malware
classification category to which a behavioral rule belongs. Use the following information to
calculate the classification value.
Classification
Value
Persistence, Installation Boot Survival
1
Hiding, Camouflage, Stealthiness, Detection and Removal Protection
2
Security Solution / Mechanism bypass, termination and removal, Anti Debugging, VM
Detection
4
Spreading
8
Exploiting, Shellcode
16
Networking
32
Data spying, Sniffing, Keylogging, Ebanking Fraud
64
For example, if a YARA rule describes a malware that attempted to do spreading (value 8),
installation boot survival (value 1), and networking (value 32) then total classification result is
8+1+32 = 41.
b
Enter the description for the rule, which is displayed in the analysis reports.
Figure 6-10 Custom YARA rule name and description in the reports
c
Enter a severity value for the behavior described by the YARA rule.
Severity value must be an integer from 1–5, with 5 indicating most maliciousness behavior.
Severity values are irrelevant for helper rules.
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5
From the Analysis Results page, open the user API log report of the sample, which you plan to use as
a reference to create the YARA rules.
Figure 6-11 User API log as a reference for custom YARA rules
6
Enter the strings and conditions according to YARA syntax.
Figure 6-12 A custom YARA rule
7
Add more rules according to your requirement in the same custom YARA text file and save the file
when complete.
The next step is to import this file into McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
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Import the custom YARA rules file
Before you begin
You have defined your YARA rules in a text file as described in Create the custom YARA
rules file on page 242.
After you create your YARA rules in a text file, you import this file into McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense using the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application. After you import the custom
YARA files and if you have enabled custom YARA rules, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense includes
these YARA rules in its malware-detection mechanism.
Task
1
Select Manage | Custom YARA Rules.
2
Select Enable YARA Rules checkbox.
Select this checkbox if you import a custom YARA text file. If necessary, you can later disable
custom YARA rules.
3
Click Browse and locate the custom YARA text file that you created.
4
Click Submit to import the file.
If the file is imported successfully, a message is displayed.
If there are syntax errors in the YARA rules, the rules are not imported. An error message is
displayed and you can review the system log for the details of the error. Suppose that an ending
backslash is missing in a regular-expression string of a rule. When you import the custom YARA file
containing such a rule, an error message is displayed.
Figure 6-13 Message indicating a syntax error
Select Manage | System Log to open the system log, where the errors are detailed.
Figure 6-14 Details of the error
Enable or disable custom YARA rules
Before you begin
You have imported the custom YARA text file into McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
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After you import the custom YARA rules, you can disable the custom YARA rules when not required.
For example, you might want to disable them for reasons such as troubleshooting. However, when you
disable custom YARA rules, it applies to all samples analyzed by that McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense. Later, you can enable custom YARA rules as well.
Task
1
Select Manage | Custom YARA Rules.
2
Deselect or select Enable YARA Rules checkbox to disable or enable custom YARA rules.
If you want to enable the YARA rules that are currently present in the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense database, select Enable YARA Rules checkbox and click Submit. That is, you need not import the
custom YARA rules text file again.
Modify custom YARA rules
Before you begin
You have imported the custom YARA text file into McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
After you import the custom YARA rules, you might want to add some more rules or modify some of
the existing rules. For example, you might want to change the severity value for a rule.
Task
1
Select Manage | Custom YARA Rules.
2
Click Download YARA Rule File to download the custom.yara file from the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense database onto your client.
The timestamp of when the custom.yara file was last imported into McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense is provided for your reference.
3
Open the custom.yara file that you downloaded in a text editor and make the required changes
such as adding new rules, deleting an existing rule, or modifying an existing rule. When complete,
save the file.
You can rename this file according to your requirement.
4
Import the modified custom YARA rules file into McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
See Import the custom YARA rules file on page 245.
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After you have configured McAfee Advanced Threat Defense, you can upload files and Uniform
Resource Locators (URLs) for analysis. You can monitor the status of malware analysis using McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense web application and then view the results.
Contents
Analyze files
Analyze URLs
Monitor the status of malware analysis
View the analysis results
Working with the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Dashboard
Analyze files
•
The following are the methods you can follow to submit files:
•
Manually upload the file using the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application.
•
Post the file on the FTP server hosted on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
•
Use the restful APIs of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application to upload the file. See
the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense RESTful APIs Reference Guide.
•
Integrate McAfee Advanced Threat Defense with Network Security Platform and McAfee Web
Gateway. Then, these applications automatically submit samples to McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense. See the corresponding documentation.
•
The maximum file size supported is 128 MB if you use the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web
application, its restful APIs, or McAfee Web Gateway. In case of compressed files and APK files, the
maximum size supported is 20 MB.
•
If you use Network Security Platform, the maximum file size supported is 25 MB.
•
With respect to the file name of samples, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense supports Unicode. So,
the file names can contain non-English characters and some special characters except \'"`<>|; ()
[]*?#$&:
•
The file name can be up to 200 bytes in length.
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Table 7-1 Supported file types
File Types
Static Analysis
Dynamic Analysis
32 - bit
Portable
Executables
(PE files)
(.exe, .dll, .scr, .ocx, .sys, .com, .drv, .cpl) (.exe, .dll, .scr, .ocx, .sys, .com, .drv, .cpl)
Microsoft
Office Suite
Documents
(.doc, .docx, .xls, .xlsx .ppt, .pptx, .rtf)
(.doc, .docx, .xls, .xlsx, .ppt, .pptx, .rtf)
Adobe
PDF Files, Adobe Flash files (SWF)
PDF Files, Adobe Flash files (SWF)
Compressed (.zip, .rar)
Files (The
maximum file
size
supported is
20 MB)
(.zip)
Android
Application
Package
(.apk)
(.apk)
Java
Java Archives (JAR), CLASS
Java Archives (JAR), CLASS
Image files
(JPEG, PNG, GIF)
Not supported
Upload files for analysis using McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
web application
Before you begin
The required analyzer profile is available.
When you use the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application to submit a file for analysis, you
must select an analyzer profile. This analyzer profile overrides the default analyzer profile associated
with your user account.
Task
248
1
Select Analysis | Manual Upload.
2
In the Manual Upload page, specify the details as per your requirement.
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Table 7-2 Option definitions
Option
Definition
File
Either drag and drop the malware file from Windows Explorer or click Browse and select
the file. If you want to submit multiple files, upload them in a .zip file.
• If you are uploading a password-protected .zip file, make sure you have provided
the password in the analyzer profile that you want to use for analysis.
• If dynamic analysis is required, the files in the .zip file are executed on different
instances of the analyzer VM. If enough analyzer VMs are not available, some of the
files are in pipeline until analyzer VMs are available.
• Because the files in the .zip file are analyzed separately, separate reports are
created for each file.
• With respect to the file name of samples, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense supports
Unicode. So, the file names can contain non-English characters and some special
characters except \'"`<>|; ()[]*?#$&:
• The file name can be up to 200 bytes in length.
Analyzer
Profile
Select the required analyzer profile for the sample.
Advanced
Click to specify additional parameters for analyzing the sample.
The Advanced options are available only when you manually submit the file using McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense web application.
• Region: In some cases, the behavior of a file might vary based on the geographical
location of the target system. For example, malware from a rogue nation might not
cause any harm to computers in its own country or that of its friends. Select the
country if you want to analyze the malware in relation to location.
You cannot modify the list of countries. This list might be updated when you
upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software.
• User Interactive Mode: Upon execution, some malware require user input. This is typically
done to check if the malware is being analyzed in a sandbox. In the absence of user
input, the malware might take an alternative execution path or even might suspend
further execution.
If you select this option, you can access the actual analyzer VM on which the
malware is executed and provide the required input. See Upload URLs for analysis in
user-interactive mode on page 249.
After you made the required selections, click OK.
Submit
Click to upload the file to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for analysis.
Tasks
•
Upload URLs for analysis in user-interactive mode on page 249
Upload URLs for analysis in user-interactive mode
Before you begin
The required analyzer profile is available with sandbox and malware Internet access options
selected.
To completely execute some malware, user intervention might be required. For example, a default
setting in the analyzer VM might pause the execution unless the setting is manually overridden. Some
files might display dialog boxes, where you are required to make a selection or a confirmation.
Malware demonstrates such behavior to determine if they are being executed in a sandbox. The
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behavior of the malware might vary based on your intervention. When you submit files in
user-interactive mode, the analyzer VM is opened in a pop-up window on your client computer and
you can provide your input when prompted.
You can upload files to be executed in the user-interactive mode. This option is available only when
you manually upload a file using the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application. For files
submitted by other methods, such as FTP upload and files submitted by Network Security Platform,
requests for user-intervention by the malware are not honored. However, the screen shots of all such
requirements are available in the Screenshots section of the Analysis Summary report. Then you can
manually resubmit such files in the user-interactive mode to know the actual behavior of the file.
Because the analyzer VM is opened in a pop-up, make sure the pop-up blocker is disabled in your
browser.
Task
1
Select Analysis | Manual Upload.
2
In the File field, click Browse and select the file you want to submit for analysis or drag and drop the
file into the specified box.
Figure 7-1 Submit the file
3
250
In the Analyzer Profile field, select the required analyzer profile from the drop-down list.
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Click Advanced... and select User Interactive Mode (XMode).
Figure 7-2 Select User Interactive Mode (XMode)
5
Click OK and then Submit.
The sample is uploaded to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and a success message with the
details are displayed.
Figure 7-3 File upload success message
6
Click OK in the Uploaded File Successfully dialog.
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You must go to the Analysis Status page to interact with the sample. So, click OK in the User Interactive
Mode message box and select Analysis | Analysis Status.
Figure 7-4 User Interactive Mode message
In the Analysis Status page, the X-Mode button is displayed in the Status column for the corresponding
record.
Figure 7-5 X-Mode in the Analysis Status page
8
Click X-Mode for the corresponding record in the Analysis Status page.
A pop-up window opens in your machine. Security warnings might be displayed based on your
browser and Java settings. After you confirm the security warnings, the analyzer VM is displayed in
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the pop-up window and the dialog boxes opened by the sample are displayed. You can use your
mouse and keyboard to provide your input.
Figure 7-6 Analyzer VM accessible in a pop-up window
Execution of the file begins as soon as you submit the file. It does not wait until you open the
analyzer VM. Some messages might timeout in the background. To view the complete execution,
you must click X-Mode in the Analysis Status page without delay.
After the file completes execution, the analyzer VM logs off automatically and you can close the
pop-up.
Figure 7-7 Analyzer VM logs off
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Upload files for analysis using SFTP
Before you begin
•
Your user name has FTP Access privilege. This is required to access the FTP server hosted
on McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
•
You have created the required analyzer profile that you want to use.
•
You have installed an FTP client on your machine.
Using SFTP, you can upload the supported file types to the FTP server on McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense.
By default, FTP is not a supported protocol for uploading samples. To use FTP to upload files, you must
enable it using the set ftp CLI command. See set ftp on page 314.
Task
1
Open your FTP client and connect to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense using the following
information.
•
Host — Enter the IP address of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
•
User name — Enter your McAfee Advanced Threat Defense user name.
•
Password — Enter your McAfee Advanced Threat Defense password.
•
Port — Enter 22, which is the standard port for SFTP. For FTP, enter 21.
2
Upload the files from the local site to the remote site, which is on McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense.
3
In the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application, select Analysis | Analysis Status to monitor
the status of the uploaded files.
Analyze URLs
Similar to how you submit a file for analysis, you can submit URL to Advanced Threat Defense for
analysis in this release. Advanced Threat Defense downloads the file stored at the URL in an analyzer
VM determined by the user profile and reports the file analysis results. Advanced Threat Defense uses
only the local blacklist and dynamic analysis for the downloaded file. In addition, the McAfee GTI
reputation of the URL is reported. The behavior of the browser when opening the URL is also analyzed
for malicious activity.
Follow these methods to submit URLs:
•
Manually upload the URL using the Advanced Threat Defense web application.
•
Use the restful APIs of Advanced Threat Defense web application to upload URLs. See the Advanced
Threat DefenseRESTful APIs Reference Guide.
Malicious websites typically contain multiple types of malware. When a victim visits the website, the
malware that suits the vulnerabilities present in the endpoint is downloaded. You can create multiple
analyzer VMs, each with different operating systems, browsers, applications, browser plug-ins that are
relevant to your network. Also, if the browsers and operating systems are unpatched, it might enable
you to analyze the actual behavior of web sites.
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The advantage of using Advanced Threat Defense is that, you can get a detailed report of previously
unknown malicious domains, websites, and IP addresses as well as the current behavior of known
ones. You can also get a detailed analysis report for even benign sites that are recently compromised.
Advanced Threat Defense does not analyze URLs contained within files submitted for analysis. For
example, when a Network Security Sensor submits a Microsoft Word file, Advanced Threat Defense
analyses the file for malware but does not analyze any URLs in the file.
How Advanced Threat Defense analyzes URLs?
To analyze URLs, select an analyzer profile that has both sandbox and Internet access enabled.
Following is the process flow when you submit a URL for analysis to Advanced Threat Defense:
1
Advanced Threat Defense uses a proprietary procedure to calculate the MD5 hash value of the URL.
Then, it checks this MD5 against its local blacklist.
The local whitelist is not applicable for URLs.
2
It is assumed that the file that the URL refers to is of a supported file type. Then Advanced Threat
Defense dynamically analyzes the file using the corresponding analyzer VM. It is assumed that the
MD5 of the URL is not present in the blacklist or Run All Selected option is selected in the
corresponding analyzer profile.
GTI File Reputation, Anti-Malware, and Gateway Anti-Malware analyze options are not relevant for
URLs.
3
Dynamic analysis and reporting for URLs is similar to that of files. It records all activities in the
analyzer VM including registry operations, process operations, file operations, runtime DLLs, and
network operations. If the webpage downloads any dropper files, Advanced Threat Defense
dynamically analyzes these files as well and includes the results in the same report under
embedded/dropped content section.
4
If a dropped file connects to other URLs, all these URLs are checked with TrustedSource for URL
reputation and categorization.
Only HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP protocols are supported for URL analysis.
Upload URLs for analysis using Advanced Threat Defense web
application
Before you begin
The required analyzer profile is available with sandbox and malware Internet access options
selected.
When you use the Advanced Threat Defense web application to submit a URL for analysis, select an
analyzer profile. This analyzer profile overrides the default analyzer profile associated with your user
account.
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Task
1
Select Analysis | Manual Upload.
2
In the Manual Upload page, specify the details according to your requirement.
Figure 7-8 Submit a URL for malware analysis
Table 7-3 Option definitions
Option
Definition
URL
Select URL from the drop-down list and enter the URL in the adjacent text box.
Only HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP are supported. So, specify the protocol identifier in the
URL.
Preferably enter the entire URL. When Advanced Threat Defense dynamically
analyzes the URL, the browser might add any missing items. For example, if you
enter http://google.com, the browser in the analyzer VM might correct it to http:
//www.google.com
Analyzer
Profile
Select the required analyzer profile for the sample.
Only those analyzer profiles that have sandbox and malware Internet access are listed.
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Table 7-3 Option definitions (continued)
Option
Definition
Advanced
Click to specify user interactive mode for analyzing the URL.
The Advanced option is available only when you manually submit the file using McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense web application.
Upon execution, some malware require user input. This is typically done to check if
the malware is being analyzed in a sandbox. In the absence of user input, the
malware might take an alternative execution path or even might suspend further
execution.
If you select this option, you can access the actual analyzer VM on which the malware
is executed and provide the required input. This is similar to executing files in
user-interactive mode. See Upload URLs for analysis in user-interactive mode on
page 249.
Submit
Click to upload the URL to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for analysis.
A message box is displayed after the URL is uploaded successfully.
• File Name — The URL that you submitted.
• File Size — Size of the sample.
• MD5 — The MD5 hash value as computed by Advanced Threat Defense.
• Mime Type.
Monitor the status of malware analysis
After you submit a file for analysis, you can monitor the status from the Analysis Status page.
Task
1
Select Analysis | Analysis Status.
The Analysis Status page lists the status for the submitted files.
Figure 7-9 Status of files submitted for analysis
If you do not have admin permissions, only those files that you submitted are listed. A user with
admin permissions can view the samples provided by any user.
2
Specify the criteria for viewing and refreshing the status of files being analyzed.
a
Set the criteria to display records in the Analysis Status page.
You can specify this criteria based on time or number. For example, you can select to view the
status for files submitted in the last 5 minutes or for the last 100 samples.
b
Set the frequency at which the Analysis Status page must refresh itself.
The default refresh interval is 1 minute.
c
To refresh the Analysis Status page now, click
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3
4
Filter the displayed records to locate the required ones.
Table 7-5 Filtering options
Option
Definition
Search
Specify the parameter that you want to use to filter the records. Click Search and
select one or more of the following parameters:
• File Name: Select if you want to filter based on the starting characters of the file
name. For example, if you select this option and enter cal as the search string then
the status for files names that start with cal are listed.
• MD5: Select if you want to filter based on the starting characters of the MD5 hash
value.
• Status: Select if you want to filter based on the status - Waiting, Analyzing, or
Completed.
Enter the search string in the adjacent text box.
Case Sensitive Select if you want to make the search case sensitive.
Suppose that you have selected File Name and Status as the criteria, selected Case Sensitive, and
specified Com. All the records in the completed state and file names starting with the characters
Com are listed.
Table 7-6 Column definitions
Column
Definition
Submitted Time The time stamp when the file was submitted for analysis.
User
The log on name of the user who submitted the file for analysis.
Status
The current status of analysis.
• Waiting — Typically, this indicates that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is waiting
for an analyzer VM to dynamically analyze the file.
• Analyzing — Indicates that the analysis is still in progress.
• Completed — Indicates that the analysis is complete for the file. Double-click the
record to see the complete report.
File Name
The name of the file that you submitted for analysis.
VM Profile
The VM profile used for dynamic analysis. If the file was analyzed only by a static
method, that is displayed.
Analyzer Profile The analyzer profile that was referred to for the analysis. If the file was analyzed
only by a static method, that is displayed.
5
MD5
The MD5 hash value of the file as calculated by McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
File Type
The file type of the sample, such as binary.
Hide the columns that you do not require.
a
Move the mouse over the right corner of a column heading and click the drop-down arrow.
b
Select Columns.
c
Select only the required column names from the list.
You can click a column heading and drag it to the required position.
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To sort the records based on a particular column name, click the column heading.
You can sort the records in the ascending or descending order. Alternatively, move the mouse over
the right corner of a column heading and click the drop-down arrow. Then select Sort Ascending or Sort
Descending.
View the analysis results
After you submit a file for analysis, you can view the results in the Analysis Results page.
Older reports are deleted when the data disk of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense is 75 percent full. You
can view the current data disk space available in the System Health monitor of the Dashboard. If you
configure the options under FTP Result Output in the User Management page, then McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense saves the results locally as well as sends them to the configured FTP server for your long-term
use.
Task
1
Select Analysis | Analysis Results.
The Analysis Results page lists the status for the completed files.
Figure 7-10 Status of files submitted for analysis
If you do not have admin permissions, only those files that you submitted are listed. A user with
admin permissions can view the samples submitted by all users.
2
Specify the criteria for viewing and refreshing the records in the Analysis Results page.
a
Set the criteria to display records in the Analysis Results page.
You can specify this criteria based on time or number. For example, you can select to view the
files for which the analysis was completed in the last 5 minutes or for the last 100 completed
files.
b
Set the frequency at which the Analysis Results page must refresh itself.
The default refresh interval is 1 minute.
c
To refresh the Analysis Results page now, click
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Table 7-7 Column definitions
Column
Reports
Definition
Click
to display the types of reports available for the sample.
Click any of the enabled reports to view the corresponding details. A specific
report is enabled only if it is relevant to the analyzed file and also selected in the
corresponding analyzer profile.
• Analysis Summary (HTML) — This is the comprehensive report that is available for all
file types. This report is also displayed when you double-click a record.
• Analysis Summary (PDF) — Select this to view the report in PDF.
• Dropped Files — Select this report to view the files that the analyzed sample
created during dynamic analysis.
• Disassembly Results — Select this to view the assembly language code
reverse-engineered from the file. This report is relevant only for sample types
such as .exe and .dll.
• Logic Path Graph — Select this to view a graphical representation of which
subroutines were executed during the dynamic analysis and which were not.
• Dynamic Execution Logs — Select this to view the Windows user-level DLL API calls
made directly by the sample during dynamic analysis.
• Complete Results — Click to download the .zip file containing all the report types to
your local machine.
260
Submitted
Time
The time stamp when the file was submitted for analysis.
User
The log on name of the user who submitted the file for analysis.
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Table 7-7 Column definitions (continued)
Column
Definition
Severity
Indicates the severity level of the analyzed sample.
• Information — Indicates that this is a clean file. White-listed files have this
severity level. Corresponds to a severity score of zero.
• Very low — Corresponds to a severity score of 1.
• Low — Corresponds to a severity score of 2.
• Medium — Corresponds to a severity score of 3.
• High — Corresponds to a severity score of 4.
• Very high — Corresponds to a severity score of 5.
3
File Name
The name of the file that you submitted for analysis.
Analyzer
Profile
The analyzer profile that was referred to for the analysis.
VM Profile
The VM profile used for the dynamic analysis. If only static was used, that is
displayed.
Hash
The MD5 hash value of the file as calculated by McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
File Size
The size of the analyzed file in KB.
Choose to hide the columns that you do not require.
a
Move the mouse over the right corner of a column heading and click the drop-down arrow.
b
Select Columns.
c
Select only the required column names from the list.
You can click a column heading and drag it to the required position.
4
To sort the records based on a particular column name, click the column heading.
You can sort the records in the ascending or descending order. Alternatively, move the mouse over
the right corner of a column heading and click the drop-down arrow. Then select Sort Ascending or Sort
Descending.
View the Analysis Summary report
The Analysis Summary report is an executive brief detailing key behaviors of the sample file. This
report is available in HTML, text, PDF, XML, JSON, Open Indicators of Compromise (OpenIOC), and
Structured Threat Information eXpression (STIX) formats.
The HTML, text, and PDF formats are mainly for you to review the analysis report. You can access the
HTML and PDF formats from the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application. The HTML and text
formats are also available in the reports .zip file for the sample, which you can download to your client
computer.
The XML and JSON formats provide well-known malware behavior tags for high-level programming
script to extract key information. Network Security Platform and McAfee Web Gateway use the JSON
formats to display the report details in their user interfaces.
If the severity level of the sample is 3 and above, then the Analysis Summary report is available in
OpenIOC (.ioc) and STIX (.stix.xml) formats. OpenIOC and STIX formats are universally recognized
formats for sharing threat information. These formats enable you to effectively share the Analysis
Summary reports with other security applications for a better understanding, detection, and
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containment of malware. For example, you can manually submit the OpenIOC and STIX reports to an
application, which can query hosts for the indicators in the report. This way you can detect the
infected hosts, and then take the required remedial actions to contain and remove the malware.
For generic information on OpenIOC, see http://www.openioc.org/. Regarding STIX, you can see
https://stix.mitre.org/. The Analysis Summary report in the OpenIOC and STIX formats are available
in the Complete Results zip file for the sample.
Task
1
To access the Analysis Summary report in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application, do
the following:
a
Select Analysis | Analysis Results.
b
To view the HTML format of the report, click
and then select Analysis Summary (HTML).
Alternatively, you can double-click the required record.
c
2
To view the PDF of the report, click
and then select Analysis Summary (PDF).
To access the Analysis Summary report from the reports .zip file, do the following:
a
Select Analysis | Analysis Results.
b
Click
c
Save the zipped reports on your local machine.
and select Complete Results.
The .zip file is named after the name of the sample file.
d
Extract the contents of the .zip file.
The AnalysisLog folder contains the HTML, text, XML, and JSON formats of the Analysis Report.
If the malware severity is 3 and above, then it contains OpenIOC and STIX formats as well. You
can identify these files by the malware file name. The malware file name is appended to
_summary.html, _summary.json, _summary.txt, _summary.xml, _summary.ioc, and
_summary.stix.xml.
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The various sections of the HTML format of the Analysis Summary report are outlined here.
Figure 7-11 Analysis Summary report
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Table 7-8 Analysis Summary report sections
Item Description
1
This section displays the details of the sample file. This includes the name, hash values,
and the file size in bytes.
2
Analysis Results section on page 265. This section provides the results from the
methods used for the file and the results from those methods. This section also displays
the overall severity level for the file.
3
Analysis Environment section on page 265. This section includes the details of the
analyzer VM, properties of the file, and so on.
4
Processes analyzed in this sample. This section lists all the files that were executed
when dynamically analyzing the sample file. It also provides the reason how each file
got to be executed along with their severity score.
The Reason column indicates which other file or process created or opened this file. If
there is only one file in the sample, the reason displayed is loaded by MATD Analyzer. If
the sample file is a .zip file containing multiple files or if a file opens other files, the
reason for the first file is created by <file name> & loaded by MATD Analyzer. For the
subsequent files, the Reason column indicates all the files/processes that created it and
all the files/processes that opened it.
The Level column indicates the severity level based on dynamic analysis for each file.
•
— indicates a severity score of 0 and a threat level of informational. This
is the severity for white-listed files.
•
— indicates a severity score of 1 and a threat level of very low.
•
— indicates a severity score of 2 and a threat level of low.
•
— indicates a severity score of 3 and a threat level of medium.
•
— indicates a severity score of 4 and a threat level of high.
•
— indicates a severity score of 5 and a threat level of very high.
Click a file name to navigate to the section of the report that provides the details of the
file behavior. That is, when you click a file name, you are navigated to the section
indicated by 7 in the preceding figure.
5
Classification / threat score section on page 266. This section provides the individual
scores for the various characteristics of a typical malware.
6
Dynamic analysis section. This section displays the percentage of the file code that was
executed. For example, the file might have taken an alternative path during execution
due to which some part of the code was not executed at all. This section also provides a
brief executive behavior summary with the corresponding severity levels.
indicates a very low severity behavior.
indicates a low severity behavior.
indicates a medium severity behavior.
indicates a high severity behavior.
indicates a very high severity behavior.
7
264
Operations details section. This section provides detailed information on all the
operations performed by the sample file during dynamic analysis. These operations are
grouped under corresponding groups. Expand each group for the specific operations. For
example, expand Files Operations to view the files created, files deleted, files modified,
files read, directories created or opened, directories removed, and so on.
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Table 7-8 Analysis Summary report sections (continued)
Item Description
8
GTI URL Reputation. This provides McAfee GTI reputation and severity for the URL.
9
Network activity. This section provides the details of every network operation during
dynamic analysis of the sample.
10
Screen-shots section. This section displays all the pop-up windows during dynamic
analysis. By viewing these screenshots, you can determine if user intervention is
required during dynamic analysis to know the actual behavior of the file. If user
intervention is required, you can submit the file manually in user-interactive mode.
Analysis Results section
This is a section in the Analysis Summary report. In this section, you can view which methods
reported that a sample file contains a malware.
Table 7-9 Down Selector's Analysis
Label
Description
Engine
These are the possible methods that McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses to analyze a
file.
• GTI File Reputation: Indicates McAfee GTI that is on the cloud.
• Gateway Anti_Malware: Indicates McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware engine.
• Anti-Malware: Indicates McAfee Anti-Malware Engine.
• Sandbox: Indicates that the file was executed in an analyzer VM. Refer to the Analysis
Environment section within the report to know the details of that VM.
Threat Name Indicates the name for known malware in McAfee GTI, McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware
engine, and McAfee Anti-Malware Engine.
Severity
Indicates the severity score from various methods. The highest severity score by a
particular method is used to assign the final severity level for the sample.
Analysis Environment section
This is a section in the Analysis Summary report. You can find the following details in this section:
•
Details of the corresponding analyzer VM such as the operating system, browser and version, and
the applications and their versions installed on the analyzer VM.
Figure 7-12 Analysis Environment section
•
The time when the sample was submitted as per McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance's
clock.
•
The time taken to analyze the file and generate the reports.
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•
•
On the right-hand side, a table provides the properties of the file. This includes information such
as:
•
Signed or unsigned for the digital signature of the file.
•
Publisher's name if available.
•
Version details
•
Original name of the file so that you can search other sources such as the web.
Baitexe process infected or not. At the end of each analysis McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
creates an additional bait process called Baitexe. This Baitexe program calls two APIs (beep and
sleep) only continuously. If this Baitexe process is infected by the previously executed sample, the
behavior of Baitexe is different. In this case, a message Baitexe activated and infected is displayed.
If the Baitexe process is not infected at all, the message Baitexe activated but not infected is
displayed.
Classification / threat score section
This is a section in the Analysis Summary report, which provides the severity scores for various
characteristics of a typical malware.
Table 7-10 Classification / threat score section
Label
Description
Persistence, Installation Boot
Survival
Some malware have the capability to remain on the infected host. This is
referred to as persistence. Installation boot survival refers to the capability
of the malware to sustain even after a restart.
Hiding, Camouflage,
Stealthness, Detection and
Removal Protection
This refers to the capability of the malware to evade detection and removal.
Security Solution /
Mechanism bypass,
termination and removal, Anti
Debugging, VM Detection
This refers to the capability of the malware to bypass or mislead detecting
methods and engines. Some malware has anti-disassembly code, which can
confuse or delay malware analysis. Some malware attempt to determine if
they are being executed in a sandbox. If true, they might take a different
execution path. This score indicates the presence of such code in the
malware.
Spreading
Indicates the capability of the malware to spread across the network.
Exploiting, Shellcode
Indicates the presence of shellcode that can exploit a running program.
Networking
Indicates the network-related behavior of the malware during dynamic
analysis. For example, the malware might have triggered DNS queries or
created sockets. If there is a severity score provided for this characteristic,
correlate with the Network Operations details for the files in the sample.
Data spying, Sniffing,
Keylogging, Ebanking Fraud
Indicates if the malware is capable of any such behaviors.
Operations details section
This section provides the details of every operation performed by a file during dynamic analysis.
Separate sections are provided for every file that was executed as part of the sample.
266
•
Run-time DLLs: Lists all the DLLs and their paths that were called by a file in runtime.
•
File operations: Lists file operation activities like creation, open, query, modification, copy, move,
deletion, and directory creation/deletion operations. This section also lists the file attributes and
the MD5 hash value for the files.
•
Registry operations: Provides the details of Windows registry operation activities like creation/open,
deletion, modification, and query on registry sub-key and key entry.
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•
Process operations: Details the process operation activities such as new process creation,
termination, new service creation, and code injection into other processes.
•
Networking operations: Details networking operations such as DNS queries, TCP socket activities,
and HTTP file download.
•
Other operations: Provides details of operations not belonging to these categories. Examples are
mutex signally objects, getting the system metric and configuration data of the analyzer VM.
Dropped files report
You can download a .zip file containing all the files that the sample created or touched during dynamic
analysis. You can download these files using one of the following methods.
•
•
In the Analysis Results page (Analysis | Analysis Results), click
and select Dropped Files. Download the
dropfiles.zip file, which contains the files that the sample created in the sandbox. To use this
option, you must have enabled the Dropped Files option in the corresponding analyzer profile.
After you click , select Complete Results. Download the <sample_name>.zip file. This .zip file
contains the same dropfiles.zip inside the AnalysisLog folder. The Complete Results contains the
dropfiles.zip regardless of whether you have enabled Dropped Files option in the corresponding
analyzer profile.
Disassembly Results
The Disassembly Results report provides the disassembly output listing for Portable Executable (PE)
files. This report is generated based on the sample file after the unpacking process has completed. It
provides detail information about the malware file such as, the PE header information.
The Disassembly Results report includes the following information:
•
Date and time of the creation of the sample file
•
File PE and Optional Header information
•
Different section headers information
•
The Intel disassembly listing
You can view the Disassembly Results report in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application
or download it as a file to your client computer. The contents of the report are the same in both the
methods.
•
To view the Disassembly Results report in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application,
select Analysis | Analysis Results. In the Analysis Results page, click
and select Disassembly Results. To use
this option, you must have enabled the Disassembly Results option in the corresponding analyzer
profile.
•
To download the report as a file, click
in the Analysis Results page and select Complete Results.
Download the <sample_name>.zip file. This .zip file contains a file named as <file
name>_detail.asm in the AnalysisLog folder. The Zip Report contains this .asm file regardless of
whether you have enabled Disassembly Results option in the corresponding analyzer profile.
The Disassembly Results report provides the assembler instructions along with any static standard
library call names like printf and Windows system DLL API call names embedded in the listing. If the
global variables such as string text are referenced in the code, these string texts are also listed.
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Table 7-11 A section of a sample Disassembly Results report
Column 1
Column 2
Column 3
:00401010
e8 1f2c0000
call 00403c34
;;call URLDownloadToFileA
The virtual address of the instruction is shown in column 1, the binary instruction in column 2, and the
assembly instruction with comments is in column 3. In the preceding example the call 00403c34
instruction at memory location of 00401010 is making a functional call at 0x403c34 memory location,
which is determined to be system DLL API function call determined to be URLDownloadToFileA(). The
comment shown with the ;; in this listing provides the library function name.
Logic Path Graph
This report is a graphical representation of cross-reference of function calls discovered during dynamic
analysis. This report enables you to view the subroutines in the analyzed file that were executed
during the dynamic analysis as well as the ones that were potentially not executed. These
non-executed functions could be a potential time-bomb waiting to trigger under the right conditions.
The Logic Path Graph report is available as a Graph Modeling Language (GML) file. This file is an ASCII
plain text format, which contains a graphical representation of the logic execution path of the sample
in the GML (Graph Modeling Language) format. You cannot directly view this file in the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense web application, but download it to your client computer. Then you must use
a graphical layout editor, like yWorks yEd Graph Editor, that supports GML format. You can use such an
editor to display the cross-reference of all functions using this file as an input.
You can download the Logic Path Graph file using one of the following methods.
•
•
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In the Analysis Results page (Analysis | Analysis Results), click
and select Logic Path Graph. Then download
the <file name>_logicpath.gml file. To use this option, you must have enabled the Logic Path Graph
option in the corresponding analyzer profile.
After you click , select Complete Results. Download the <sample_name>.zip file. This .zip file
contains the same <file name>_logicpath.gml file in the AnalysisLog folder. The Zip Report contains
the <file name>_logicpath.gml file regardless of whether you have enabled Logic Path Graph option in
the corresponding analyzer profile.
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This section uses yWorks yEd Graph Editor to explain how to use the Logic Path Graph GML file. In the
yEd Graph Editor, you must first set the Routing Style. You need to do this only once, and this setting
is saved for further use.
1
In the yEd Graph Editor, select Layout | Hierarchical.
2
In the Incremental Hierarchic Layout dialog, select the Edges tab and select Polyline from the Routing Style
drop-down list.
Figure 7-13 Configuring Routing Style in yEd Graph Editor
3
Click Ok.
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When you open the <file name>_logicpath.gml file in yEd Graph Editor, initially you might see many
rectangle boxes overlapping each other or a single rectangle box as shown in the following example.
Figure 7-14 Open <file name>_logicpath.gml file
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In the yEd Graph Editor select Layout | Hierarchical.
Figure 7-15 Incremental Hierarchic Layout dialog
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In the Incremental Hierarchic Layout dialog, click Ok without changing any of the default settings. The
following example shows the complete layout of the relationship of all subroutines detected during
static disassembly processed.
Figure 7-16 Layout of the subroutines relationships
The graph depicts an overview of the complexity of the sample as seen by the cross-reference of
function calls. The following shows more detail on the function names and their addresses as seen by
zooming in.
Figure 7-17 Zoom in on the layout
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Two colors are used to indicate the executed path. The red dash lines show the non-executed path,
and the blue solid lines show the executed path.
According to the preceding control graph, the subroutine (Sub_004017A0) at virtual address
0x004017A0 was executed and is shown with a blue solid line pointing to the Sub_004017A0 box.
However, the subroutine (GetVersion]) was not called potentially as there is a red dash line pointing to
it.
The Sub_004017A0 subroutine is making 11 calls as there are 11 lines coming out of this box. Seven
of these 11 calls were executed during dynamic analysis. One of them is calling Sub_00401780 as
there is a blue solid line pointing from Sub_004017A0 to Sub_00401780. Calls to Sub_00401410,
printf, Sub_00401882, and Sub_00401320 were not executed and shown with red dashed line pointing
at them.
The Sub_00401780 subroutine is making only one unique call as there is only one line coming out
from this box. This call was executed during dynamic analysis.
User API Log
The User API Logs are contained in various files.
•
The .log file contains the Windows user-level DLL API calls made directly by the analyzed file during
dynamic analysis. To view this file in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application, select
Analysis | Analysis Results. Then click
and select User API Log. Alternatively, click , select Complete
Results. Download the <sample_name>.zip file. This .zip file contains the same information in the
<sample name>.log file in the AnalysisLog folder. The content of the .log file includes the following:
•
•
A record of all systems DLL API calling sequence.
•
An address which indicates the approximate calling address where the DLL API call was made.
•
Optional input and output parameters, and return code for key systems DLL API calls.
The following are the other files containing the dynamic execution logs. All these files are contained
in the <sample name>.zip file.
•
<sample name>ntv.txt file. This file contains the Windows Zw version of native system services
API calling sequence during the dynamic analysis. The API name typically starts with Zw as in
ZwCreateFile.
•
log.zip
•
dump.zip
•
dropfiles.zip
•
networkdrive.zip
Download the complete results .zip file
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense produces detailed analysis for each submitted sample. All the
available reports for an analyzed sample are available in a .zip file, which you can download from the
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application.
Task
1
2
Select Analysis | Analysis Results.
In the Analysis Results page, click
and select Complete Results .
Download the <sample_name>.zip file to the location you want. This .zip file contains the reports
for each analysis. The files in this .zip file are created and stored with a standard naming
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convention. Consider that the sample submitted is vtest32.exe. Then the .zip file contains the
following results:
•
vtest32_summary.html (.json, .txt, .xml) — This is the same as the Analysis Summary report.
There are four file formats for the same summary report in the .zip file. The html and txt files
are mainly for end users to review the analysis report. The .json and .xml files provide
well-known malware behavior tags for high-level programming script to extract key information.
If the malware severity is 3 and above, then it contains .ioc, and .stix.xml formats of the
Analysis Summary report for the sample.
•
vtest32.log — This file captures the Windows user-level DLL API calling activities during dynamic
analysis. You must thoroughly examine this file to understand the complete API calling sequence
as well as the input and output parameters. This is the same as the User API Log report.
•
vtest32ntv.txt — This file captures the Windows native services API calling activities during
dynamic analysis.
•
vtest32.txt — This file shows the PE header information of the submitted sample.
•
vtest32_detail.asm — This is the same as the Disassembly Results report. This file contains
reverse-engineering disassembly listing of the sample after it has been unpacked or decrypted.
•
vtest32_logicpath.gml — This file is the graphical representation of cross-reference of function
calls discovered during dynamic analysis. This is the same as the Logic Path Graph report.
•
log.zip —This file contains all the run-time log files for all processes affected by the sample
during the dynamic analysis. If the sample generates any console output text, the output text
message is captured in the ConsoleOutput.log file zipped up in the log.zip file. Use any regular
unzip utility to see the content of all files inside this log.zip file.
•
dump.zip — This file contains the memory dump (dump.bin) of binary code of the sample during
dynamic analysis. This file is password protected. The password is virus.
•
dropfiles.zip — This is the same as the Dropped Files report in the Analysis Results page. The
dropfiles.zip file contains all files created or touched by the sample during the dynamic analysis.
It is also password protected. The password is virus.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense does not provide you access to the original sample files that it
analyzed. If Network Security Platform is integrated, you can use the Save File option in the Advanced
Malware policy to archive samples. However, note that the Sensor's simultaneous file scan capacity
is reduced if the Save File option is enabled. See the latest Network Security Platform IPS
Administration Guide for the details.
Working with the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Dashboard
When you access McAfee Advanced Threat Defense from a client browser, the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Dashboard is displayed. You can view the following monitors on the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Dashboard:
274
•
VM Creation Status — Shows the status for analyzer VMs that being created.
•
File Counters — Provides a status of files being analyzed.
•
Files analyzed by File Type — Provides a view of file types being analyzed.
•
Top Malware by File Name — Lists the most severe malware files in your network by file name.
•
Analyzer Profile Usage — Provides the details of the analyzer profiles being used.
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•
System Health — Provides the system health details of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance.
•
System Information — Provides the version numbers for the software components of McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
Task
1
Click Dashboard to view the monitors.
2
Specify the criteria for the data to be displayed in the monitors.
a
Specify the time period for the information to be displayed in the monitors.
For example, you can select to view the information for the past one hour. By default, data for
the past 14 days is shown. This field does not affect the System Health and System Information
monitors.
b
To refresh the monitors now, click
c
Click
.
to edit the dashboard settings.
Table 7-12 Dashboard settings
Option
Definition
Monitors
Select the monitors that you want to see on the Dashboard.
Automatic Refresh Set the frequency at which the Dashboard should automatically refresh itself.
If you want to refresh the dashboard only manually, select Disabled. When
. This enables you to view the
required to refresh the Dashboard, click
snapshot of the Dashboard at a specific point in time.
3
Layout
Specify the number of columns into which you want to organize the
Dashboard.
OK
Click to save and apply the Dashboard settings.
Cancel
Click to retain the last saved settings.
Optionally, set the display settings for each monitor.
•
To collapse a monitor, click
•
To hide a monitor, click
•
To change the display format of a monitor, click
Malware analysis monitors
The following are the monitors related to malware analysis.
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File Counters
This monitor shows the analysis status for files submitted during the specified time period. For
example, if you set the time period for the data in the dashboard as last 5 minutes, this monitor
shows the count of files in completed, analyzing, and waiting statuses since the last 5 minutes. If you
view this monitor in the stacked bar chart format, it also displays the severity level for the files.
Figure 7-18 File Counters monitor
•
The confidence levels are indicated using various colors.
•
To hide the files for a particular confidence level, click the corresponding confidence level in the
legend. For example, if you want to focus on only the high severity files, click Low and Medium in the
legend. Now the chart shows only the high-severity malware that is in the waiting, running, and
completed statuses. Click again on Low and Medium to view the combined chart.
•
Move the mouse over a particular block in the chart to view the number of files that make up that
block.
Files analyzed by File Type
This monitor shows the count of files analyzed against their type. In the tabular format, it shows the
percentage for each type. In the chart, it also shows the count of infected and non-infected files.
Figure 7-19 Files analyzed by File Type monitor
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•
The infected and not infected file counts are indicated using different colors.
•
To hide the infected or not infected files, click the corresponding confidence level in the legend.
•
Move the mouse over a particular block in the chart to view the number of files that make up that
block.
Analyzer Profile Usage
This monitor shows the number of times each analyzer profile has been used for analyzing files.
Figure 7-20 Analyzer Profile Usage monitor
Top malware by file name
In this monitor, you can view the names of the malicious files detected in your network with the most
severe ones listed on top. This information might enable further research such as finding more
information about these files on the web.
•
•
The listed malware files are sorted based on their severity score in the descending order. This score
is displayed in the second column. The following are the severity scores:
•
5 — Very high severity
•
2 — Low severity
•
4 — High severity
•
1 — Very low severity
•
3 — Medium severity
•
0 — Informational severity (white-listed
files)
The first column displays the file names. Files of the same severity are sorted in the alphabetical
order.
Figure 7-21 Top Malware by File Name monitor
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VM Creation Status monitor
This monitor displays the status of the analyzer VMs created for the specified time period in the
dashboard. For example, if you specified Last 12 hours, this monitor shows the status of analyzer VMs
that were created in the last 12 hours.
Figure 7-22 VM Creation Status monitor
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense performance monitors
The following are the monitors related to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance performance.
System Health
This monitor displays the health of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance in a table.
•
System Health — Indicates whether the system health is in good state.
•
DNS Status — Indicates the connection status between Advanced Threat Defense and the
configured DNS servers. If Advanced Threat Defense is able to connect to the preferred and
alternate DNS server, then the DNS Status is healthy. If Advanced Threat Defense is unable to
connect to the preferred DNS server, the DNS Status is critical.
•
Uptime — The number of hours the Appliance has been running continuously.
•
CPU Load — The actual system load. For example, 100% CPU load indicates the CPU is fully
loaded; 125% indicates that the CPU is fully loaded and 25% of the load is yet to be processed.
•
Memory Utilization — The percentage of the Appliance's memory in use currently.
•
Data Disk Space — The Appliance's disk capacity (in terabyte) for sample data storage such as the
samples themselves and their report files.
•
Data Disk Available — Disk space currently available (in terabyte) for sample data storage.
Figure 7-23 System Health monitor
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System Disk Space — The Appliance's disk capacity for storing the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense system software data.
•
System Disk Available — Disk space currently available for storing the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense system software data.
7
System Information
This monitor shows the version numbers of the software components related to McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense.
Figure 7-24 System Information monitor
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Clustering McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliances
When you have a very heavy load of files to be analyzed for malicious content, you can cluster two or
more McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances. So, the analysis load is efficiently balanced
between the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances (nodes) in the cluster.
Consider multiple inline Sensors submitting hundreds of files per second to one McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense Appliance. In the blocking mode, a Sensor waits for up to 6 seconds for McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense to analyze a file. After this time period, the Sensor forwards the file to the
target endpoint. Faster response from McAfee Advanced Threat Defense could be accomplished by
clustering McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances for load-balancing.
Contents
Understanding McAfee Advanced Threat Defense cluster
Pre-requisites and considerations
Network connections for an Advanced Threat Defense cluster
How the Advanced Threat Defense cluster works?
Configuring an Advanced Threat Defense cluster - high-level steps
Understanding McAfee Advanced Threat Defense cluster
Clustering McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances is a feature, which is available from release
3.2.0. To create a cluster of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances, you need two or more
functional McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances. Among these McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliances, identify the primary McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance. All other McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense Appliances act as the secondary. You use the web application of the primary
node to integrate these McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances to form the cluster. Each McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense Appliance in a cluster is referred to as a node.
The primary node or the primary McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance acts as the external
interface for the cluster. That is, the primary node's IP address acts as the cluster's IP address from
the standpoint of configuration and file submission. The integrated products and users access the
primary node to submit files for analysis and retrieve the results and reports. The primary node is also
the template and control center for the cluster. It is responsible for load-balancing the files among all
nodes and for retrieving the reports of analyzed files.
As mentioned earlier, clustering McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances serves to load-balance
the files and provides a high-availability of secondary nodes.
If the primary node is down for some reason, the entire cluster is down. The primary node is not
replaced by a secondary node at any point unless you reconfigure the cluster itself.
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Pre-requisites and considerations
Pre-requisites and considerations
•
There can be a maximum of 10 nodes in a cluster including the primary node.
•
It is recommended that you use the eth-0 interfaces (management ports) of the McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense Appliances for cluster communication. Also, for best performance, the eth-0
interfaces of all nodes must be in the same layer-2 network.
To locate the eth-0 interfaces in your Appliance, see Check your shipment on page 20.
•
The nodes must be homogenous regarding the following:
•
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software version. The software versions of all nodes must
exactly match.
•
Analyzer VMs. All nodes must have the same analyzer VMs.
Before you configure the cluster, make sure the VM profiles are exactly the same in all the nodes
of the cluster. All the settings in the VM profiles, including the VM profile name, must be the
same across the nodes.
When you create a new VM profile or modify an existing one after cluster-creation,
recall that VM-profile-related changes are not propagated to all the nodes
automatically. First, dismantle the cluster. Then manually make the exact change in
each node. If you are creating a new VM profile, make sure you create this VM profile
in all the nodes before you select this new VM profile in any of the analyzer profiles. If
you need to modify an existing VM profile, make sure you immediately do the same
modification in each node. Finally, recreate the cluster.
•
•
•
VM profiles on all nodes must exactly match.
•
It is recommended that DAT and engine versions of McAfee Anti-Malware Engine are the same
in all nodes.
•
It is recommended that DAT and engine versions of McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware Engine are
the same in all nodes.
The nodes can be heterogenous regarding the following:
•
Hardware. That is, you can create a cluster using a combination of ATD-3000 and ATD-6000
Appliances.
•
FIPS compliance. Regardless of primary or secondary, some nodes can be in FIPS mode and the
rest in non-FIPS mode.
Use the IP address of the primary node to submit files and to integrate with other products such as
Network Security Platform and Web Gateway.
If you integrate Network Security Platform and Web Gateway with the secondary nodes, these nodes
function like standalone McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliances.
282
•
If the primary node is down, the entire cluster goes down.
•
Integrating an McAfee Advanced Threat Defense cluster with Email Gateway is not supported.
•
Currently, there is no consolidated display of analysis status and analysis results for a cluster. That
is, you can view the analysis status and analysis results for files analyzed by each node separately.
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Network connections for an Advanced Threat Defense cluster
8
Network connections for an Advanced Threat Defense cluster
Figure 8-1 An example Advanced Threat Defense cluster deployment
In the example illustrated above, the eth-0 interfaces of all nodes are connected to the same switch
(L2 network). Eth-0 interface of the primary acts as the management interface of the cluster whereas
the eth-0 of the secondary are used to exchange information with the primary. The primary node load
balances the files received on the eth-0 interface among the secondary nodes in a round-robin
fashion. It transfers files to be analyzed by the secondary node through the eth-0 interface and uses
the same to retrieve results. When cluster configuration changes are made using the primary node,
they are synchronized across the secondary nodes through the eth-0 interface.
In this example, eth-1 is used to provide network access to malware running on the analyzer VMs.
This isolates the network traffic generated by malware from the production network to which eth-0
interfaces are connected.
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How the Advanced Threat Defense cluster works?
How the Advanced Threat Defense cluster works?
Recall that when you cluster Advanced Threat Defense Appliances, the primary node acts as the
template and control center for the entire cluster. After you define the cluster, you use the primary
node to manage the configuration for the cluster.
For the sake of explanation, the entire Advanced Threat Defense configuration can be classified as the
following:
•
Synchronized configuration — Certain configurations can only be done using the primary node.
When you save these configurations, the primary node sends a snapshot of its current
configuration as a file to all secondary nodes. The secondaries save these settings in their
database. This synchronization process does not affect the file analysis capabilities of an Advanced
Threat Defense Appliance.
The primary node has the latest version of the configuration file. If the version of the configuration
file does not match between the primary and a secondary node, the primary node pushes the
configuration file automatically to that secondary.
The following configurations are synchronized automatically between all nodes:
•
Analyzer profiles
•
User management
•
McAfee ePO integration details
•
HTTP proxy settings
•
DNS settings
•
System time based on the settings in the Date and Time Settings page. If you manually modify the
time, the same is set on all nodes. If you configure NTP servers, the same NTP servers are used
for all nodes. However, time zone is not synchronized.
The web application pages for the configurations listed above are disabled in the secondary nodes.
•
Unsynchronized configuration — The following are not synchronized automatically. Use the
individual nodes to configure these.
•
Advanced Threat Defense software version.
•
Analyzer VMs.
Before you configure the cluster, make sure the VM profiles are exactly the same in all the nodes
of the cluster. All the settings in the VM profiles, including the VM profile name, must be the
same across the nodes.
When you create a new VM profile or modify an existing one after cluster-creation,
recall that VM-profile-related changes are not propagated to all the nodes
automatically. First, dismantle the cluster. Then manually make the exact change in
each node. If you are creating a new VM profile, make sure you create this VM profile
in all the nodes before you select this new VM profile in any of the analyzer profiles. If
you need to modify an existing VM profile, make sure you immediately do the same
modification in each node. Finally, recreate the cluster.
284
•
VM profiles.
•
DAT and engine versions of McAfee Anti-Malware Engine.
•
DAT and engine versions of McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware Engine.
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•
Whitelist and blacklist entries.
•
Time zone.
•
In a Advanced Threat Defense cluster setup, each node maintains its set of custom YARA rules.
That is, the custom YARA rules that you define in the primary node are not sent to the
secondary nodes automatically.
Configuration changes made through the CLI are not exchanged. Make the same changes in each
node individually.
When treated as part of a cluster, the secondary nodes are transparent to users and integrated
products.
•
It is possible for you to use a secondary Advanced Threat Defense directly for file submission and
report retrieval. However, you are not allowed to modify any of the synchronized configurations.
•
Both files and URLs submitted for analysis are distributed to achieve load-balancing.
Figure 8-2 Advanced Threat Defense Appliances in a cluster
Callout
number
Legend
Description
1
You access the primary node's web application to modify the synchronized
configurations.
2
When you save the configuration changes, the primary node pushes the
current configuration to all secondary nodes. So, all nodes have the same
synchronized configuration.
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number
3
Legend
Description
File submission to the cluster happens through the following methods:
• You submit files for analysis using the primary node's web application.
• File submission to the primary node through its REST APIs.
• The McAfee products integrated with the Advanced Threat Defense submit
files for analysis.
4
The primary node distributes the files among the member nodes (including
the primary itself).
5
Integrated McAfee products such as the Network Security Manager query the
primary node for analysis reports. Also, the primary node displays the status
and results of all files analyzed by the cluster. For these reasons, the primary
node pulls the analysis results from the secondary nodes.
6
The primary node provides the reports to the integrated McAfee products.
7
You can view the analysis status and the results of all files analyzed by the
cluster from the primary node. From the primary node, you can also view the
analysis reports of any file that you directly submitted to a secondary node.
8
At regular intervals, the secondary nodes send a heartbeat signal to the
primary to indicate the secondary's health and status.
How are the individual files in a .zip file analyzed by an Advanced Threat Defense
cluster?
When you submit a file or URL, Advanced Threat Defense assigns it a unique job ID and a task ID.
These IDs are incremental integers. When you submit a .zip file, the component files are extracted
and analyzed separately. The job ID for all component files of a .zip file is the same as that of the .zip
file's job ID. However, the task ID varies for each component file.
When you submit a .zip file to an Advanced Threat Defense cluster, the primary node identifies the
node to which it should distribute the next file and sends the entire .zip file to that node. The node
that received the .zip file extracts the component files and analyses them. This applies to .zip files
within a .zip file as well.
•
If a Sensor submits the .zip file, Advanced Threat Defense generates a cumulative report for the
entire .zip file. That is, one report for one .zip file is sent to the Manager when it queries for the
report. In case of Web Gateway, .zip files are not supported.
•
If you submit a .zip file to the primary node, using its web application for example, individual
reports are generated for the component files in the .zip file.
Then the primary node extracts the component files in the zip and distributes them all to the same
node for analysis. The primary polls the corresponding secondary for analysis status and results using
unique task ID.
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How the Advanced Threat Defense cluster works?
How to upgrade the Advanced Threat Defense software for the nodes in a cluster?
Following is the recommended procedure to upgrade the Advanced Threat Defense software for the
nodes in a cluster :
1
If you upgrade the primary first, then the entire cluster breaks. Therefore, you can begin with
upgrading the secondary nodes. When a secondary node's software version is upgraded, the
primary does not distribute files to that secondary.
2
After you upgrade more than 50percent of the secondary nodes, upgrade the primary node. The
primary does not distribute files to the secondary nodes that are on the earlier version.
3
Upgrade the remaining secondary nodes.
Do not select Reset Database when you upgrade any of the nodes. If this option is selected for the primary
node, the cluster goes down after upgrade. If the Reset Database option is selected for a secondary node,
it breaks away from the cluster after upgrade.
If you downgrade the primary node, the cluster breaks. To downgrade a secondary, remove that
secondary node from the cluster and downgrade it to the required version.
Process flow for Network Security Platform
Consider a scenario where a Sensor is inline between the endpoints on your network and the Web.
This Sensor is integrated with a Advanced Threat Defense cluster consisting of 3 Advanced Threat
Defense Appliances.
Figure 8-3 Network Security Platform integrated with an Advanced Threat Defense cluster
Number
Description
1
The endpoints attempt to download files from the Web. The inline monitoring ports detect
this activity.
2
For a given file, the Sensor withholds the last packet from being forwarded to the endpoint
and simultaneously streams the file packets to the primary Advanced Threat Defense for
analysis. For this purpose, the Sensor and the primary Advanced Threat Defense use their
management ports.
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Description
3
After the entire file is with the primary Advanced Threat Defense, it distributes this file to
one of the Appliances in the cluster. Assume that the file is sent to one of the secondary
Advanced Threat Defense Appliances. For all communication, the members in the cluster
use their management ports.
4
The corresponding secondary Advanced Threat Defense responds with a job ID to the
primary and begins to analyze the file based on the nsp user profile. If the file is detected
by static analysis, the secondary Advanced Threat Defense sends the malware result
(severity) to the primary Advanced Threat Defense.
5
• If the file is detected by static analysis, the primary Advanced Threat Defense sends the
malware result that it received from the secondary Advanced Threat Defense to the
Sensor's management port.
• If the file is dynamically analyzed, the Sensor raises an informational alert in the
Real-time Threat Analyzer. This informational alert is set to auto-acknowledge by default,
which you can disable if necessary.
6
The Sensor forwards the job ID to the Manager. The Manager queries the primary
Advanced Threat Defense Appliance management port for the analysis reports. The
primary Advanced Threat Defense pulls the reports from the corresponding Advanced
Threat Defense Appliance based on the job ID. Then it forwards the reports to the Manager
for display. Also, if the file is found to be malicious based on dynamic analysis, the alert in
the Real-time Threat Analyzer is updated accordingly.
Process flow for McAfee Web Gateway
Consider a scenario where Web Gateway is inline between the endpoints on your network and the
Web. This Web Gateway Appliance is integrated with a Advanced Threat Defense cluster consisting of
three Advanced Threat Defense Appliances.
Figure 8-4 Web Gateway integrated with an Advanced Threat Defensecluster
Number
288
Description
1
The endpoints attempt to download web objects.
2
Web Gateway forwards these requests.
3
When a file is downloaded, the native McAfee Gateway Anti-malware Engine on Web
Gateway scans the file and determines the malware score.
4
Based on the file type and the malware score, Web Gateway determines if the file needs to
be sent to Advanced Threat Defense for analysis and, if needed, forwards the file to the
primary Advanced Threat Defense's management port.
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Number
Description
5
The primary Advanced Threat Defense distributes such files among the members based on
round-robin. All communication between the members in a cluster is over their
management ports.
Assume that the file is sent to one of the secondary Advanced Threat Defense for analysis.
The secondary Advanced Threat Defense returns the job ID and task ID to the primary
node and begins to analyze the file. The primary node, in turn, returns the job ID and task
ID to Web Gateway.
6
For the analysis reports, Web Gateway queries the primary node with the task ID. Using
the task ID, the primary node identifies the Advanced Threat Defense that analyzed the file
and pulls the reports from it.
7
In response to the query from Web Gateway, the primary Advanced Threat Defense
forwards the reports.
8
Based on the report from Advanced Threat Defense, Web Gateway allows or blocks the file
accordingly.
Notes:
•
When Web Gateway queries for an MD5 hash value with time period (without the job or task ID),
the primary node checks the MD5 hash in its database. If there is no matching record, the primary
node checks the secondary nodes where the file is analyzed and sends the report back to Web
Gateway without analyzing the corresponding file again.
•
When Web Gateway queries for an MD5 hash value for a running task (without the job or task ID),
the primary node checks the MD5 hash with status (waiting or analyzing) in its database. If there is
no matching record, the primary node checks the secondary nodes where the file is being analyzed
or is in the queue. Then the primary node sends the task details back to Web Gateway without
analyzing the corresponding file again.
Configuring an Advanced Threat Defense cluster - high-level
steps
Follow these high-level steps to configure an Advanced Threat Defense cluster.
1
Identify the Advanced Threat Defense Appliances that you want to use to create the cluster. You
can add additional secondary nodes to a working Advanced Threat Defense cluster.
2
Make sure that the Advanced Threat Defense Appliances meet the requirements as discussed in
Pre-requisites and considerations on page 282.
3
Out of the Advanced Threat Defense Appliances, identify the one that you plan to use as the
primary node. All other Advanced Threat Defense Appliances are secondary nodes. Once you define
the cluster, you cannot change the primary node without redefining the cluster itself.
Factor in the following when you decide on the primary node.
•
Use the primary node's IP address to submit files and to manage the configuration.
•
Products such as Network Security Platform and Web Gateway must be integrated with the
primary node's IP address. Since the result and report retrieval is through the primary,
connection between the integrated products and the secondary nodes is not mandatory.
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•
Make sure the analyzer VMs and VM profiles are identical across all nodes.
If you require to add an analyzer VM or if you require to add, modify, or delete a VM profile,
break the cluster, make the required changes in all nodes, and then re-create the cluster.
•
The synchronized configurations of the secondary are overwritten with that of the primary node.
Post cluster creation, you use the primary node to manage these configurations. For information
on synchronized configurations, see How the Advanced Threat Defense cluster works? on page
284.
4
Make sure the secondary nodes and the primary node are able to communicate with each other
using their management ports.
5
As a best practice, back up the configuration of all nodes, especially the secondary nodes, before
you configure the cluster.
6
Make sure that the integrated products are configured to use the primary node. This includes the
integrated McAfee products as well as any third-party application or script that use the Advanced
Threat Defense REST APIs.
7
Create the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense cluster on page 290.
8
Submit files and URLs to the Advanced Threat Defense cluster.
9
View the analysis results for an Advanced Threat Defense cluster.
10 Manage configurations for the cluster.
Create the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense cluster
Before you begin
•
You have reviewed Configuring an Advanced Threat Defense cluster - high-level steps on
page 289.
•
You have admin-user rights for the primary node's web application.
•
The primary and secondary nodes are not part of any other cluster.
•
The software version (active version) of all nodes that you plan to use are an exact
match.
Task
1
Identify an Advanced Threat Defense Appliance as the primary node and log on to its web
application.
Use a user name that has admin rights.
2
Select Manage | Load Balancing.
The Load Balancing Cluster Setting page displays.
3
In the Node IP address field, enter the management port IP address of the primary node and click Add
Primary Node.
4
Confirm if you want to create the cluster.
Advanced Threat Defense sets itself as the primary node for the cluster.
5
290
In the Node IP address field, enter the management port IP address of a secondary node and click Add
Secondary Node.
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Click Yes to add the secondary node.
When you click Yes in the confirmation message box, the primary node saves its configuration in a
file and sends this to the secondary node. This file contains those configurations, which this
document refers to as synchronized configuration. See How the Advanced Threat Defense cluster
works? on page 284 for information on synchronized configuration. The secondary uses this
configuration file to overwrite the corresponding configuration in its database. So, make sure that
you have taken a backup of the secondary's configuration before you proceed. When you remove
the secondary from the cluster, it retains the primary node's configuration.
7
Following a similar procedure, add the other secondary nodes.
The details of all nodes in the cluster are displayed in a table. Similar to other tables in the
Advanced Threat Defense web application user-interfaces, you can sort the columns as well as hide
or display the required columns.
Figure 8-5 Advanced Threat Defense cluster creation
Except for ATD ID, IP Address, Role, and Withdraw From Cluster, none of the options are available in the Load
Balancing Cluster Setting page for the secondary nodes.
Table 8-1 Option definitions
Option
Definition
Node IP
address
Enter the management port IP address of the Advanced Threat Defense Appliance that
you want to add to the cluster.
Add Primary
Node
Click to add the primary or the secondary node to the cluster.
Add
Secondary
Node
Refresh
The primary node or secondary node IP address is the IP address that you use to
access the Advanced Threat Defense web application.
Click to refresh the data displayed in the Load Balancing Cluster Setting page. The page is
auto-refreshed every 15 seconds.
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Table 8-1 Option definitions (continued)
Option
Definition
Indicates the status of a node.
•
: Indicates that the node is up and ready. If it is a secondary, it also means
that the primary node is receiving the secondary's heartbeat signal.
•
•
: Indicates that the node is up but needs your attention. For example, the
configuration might not be in sync with that of the primary.
: Indicates that the primary node is receiving the secondary node's heartbeat
signal.
The primary node distributes files only to those nodes, which are in the green status.
If the status of a secondary turns amber or red midway of a file transfer, the primary
node allocates the file to the next node in queue.
ATD ID
This is a system-generated integer value to identify the nodes in a cluster. The
primary node generates this unique value and assigns it to the nodes in the cluster.
This ID is displayed in the Analysis Status and Analysis Results left-hand-side tree
structure on the primary node. This enables you to identify the node that analyzed a
specific sample.
The uniqueness of the ATD ID is based on the IP address of a node as stored in the
primary node's database. Consider that you have 3 nodes in the cluster. You remove
the secondary node with ATD ID 2 from the cluster and add it back again to the
cluster. Then this secondary node is assigned the same ATD ID of 2 if all these
conditions are met:
• You have not changed the IP address of the node's eth-0 interface (management
port).
• The primary node's database still has a record for the secondary's IP address.
IP Address
The management port IP address of the node.
Role
Indicates if a node is the primary or a secondary.
Config
Version
When you save any of the synchronized configuration, the primary node sends its
configuration file to the secondary nodes and also versions this configuration file for
reference. For each node, the version number of its latest configuration file is
displayed.
If the version number of a secondary node does not match with that of the primary, it
indicates a possible difference in how the secondary node is configured. So, the status
color for that secondary node turns to amber. The reason is also mentioned in the State
column. Also, the primary node automatically pushes its configuration file to that
node.
This ensures that all nodes are configured similarly concerning synchronized
configuration.
S/W Version
Indicates the Advanced Threat Defense software version of the nodes. The complete
software version must exactly match for all nodes. If not, the status turns to amber
for the corresponding nodes.
State
Indicates the status of node and any critical information related to that node.
Some possible states are:
• Up and Ready
• Heartbeat not received.
• Node is on different config version.
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Table 8-1 Option definitions (continued)
Option
Remove
Node
Definition
Select a node and click to remove the node from the cluster. The configuration from
the primary node is retained even when you remove a secondary node from the
cluster. You cannot remove a primary node before you remove all secondary nodes.
This option is not available for a secondary node.
Sync All
Nodes
Click Sync All to trigger the configuration-synchronization for all secondary nodes in the
cluster.
When you add a secondary node or when you save any of the synchronized
configuration in the primary node, the primary automatically triggers a synchronization
to all secondary nodes in green and amber state.
Details of the configuration sync are displayed for each node based on the success or
failure of the synchronization.
Figure 8-6 Configuration sync success
Figure 8-7 Configuration sync error
Withdraw
from Cluster
This button is relevant only for secondary nodes. Click to withdraw a secondary node
from the cluster and to use the secondary node as a standalone Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance.
Recall that if the primary is down, the load-balancing cluster is down. If the primary is
down, click Withdraw from Cluster in the secondary nodes to withdraw from the cluster and
to use the secondary nodes as stand-alone appliances.
Monitor the status of an Advanced Threat Defense cluster
Before you begin
You have successfully created a load-balancing cluster as explained in Create the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense cluster on page 290.
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You can monitor the status of an Advanced Threat Defense cluster in the Load Balancing Cluster Setting page
or by using the lbstats command.
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Task
1
Log on to the CLI of the primary or a secondary node.
2
Run lbstats command.
Separate sections are displayed for each node.
Figure 8-8 lbstats output from the primary node
Figure 8-9 lbstats output from a secondary node
Table 8-2 Details of the lbstats command
Output entry
Description
System Mode
Indicates whether the Advanced Threat Defense Appliance is the primary
or a secondary node.
ATD ID
The unique ID assigned to the node.
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Table 8-2 Details of the lbstats command (continued)
Output entry
Description
IP
The management port IP address of the Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance.
ATD Version
Advanced Threat Defense software version currently installed on the
node.
Config Version
The version of the configuration file currently on the node.
System Status
Whether the node is up and running.
System Health
Whether the node is in good or an uninitialized state.
Sample Files Distributed Count The total number of samples distributed among the nodes, including the
primary node. This node includes both files and URLs. This data is
displayed only when you run lbstats on the primary node.
Submitting samples to an Advanced Threat Defense cluster
You use the primary node to submit samples to an Advanced Threat Defense cluster. The process is
similar to how you use an individual Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
•
Make sure the integrated products interface with the primary node. When you configure the
integration, make sure you use the passwords as configured in the primary node. For example, for
Web Gateway, use the mwg user name and its password as configured in the primary node.
•
To submit files and URLs manually, log on to the primary node with admin rights and submit the
files just like how you submit the files to a standalone Advanced Threat Defense Appliance. See
Upload files for analysis using McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application on page 248 for
step-by-step information.
•
You can also use the REST APIs of the primary node to submit files and URLs. See the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense APIs Reference Guide for information.
•
You can also submit files using FTP or SFTP to the primary node. See Upload files for analysis using
SFTP on page 254.
Monitor analysis status for an Advanced Threat Defense cluster
The Analysis Status page of the primary node displays the analysis status for files analyzed by each node.
In a secondary node, only those files analyzed by that secondary node are displayed.
Similar to a standalone Advanced Threat Defense, you can view the status of samples that you
submitted. If you have admin rights, you can view the status for samples submitted by any user.
If a node is down after the primary node allotted a file to it, resubmit the file to the primary node.
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Task
1
Log on to the web application of the primary node.
2
Select Analysis | Analysis Status.
The Analysis Status expands to display the secondary nodes of the cluster. Analysis Status corresponds to
the primary node. The secondary nodes are listed under Analysis status with their ATD ID and their
management port IP address.
3
To view the status of the files analyzed by the primary node, click Analysis Status.
4
To view the status of files analyzed by a specific secondary node, click the corresponding ATD ID.
For the details of the options in the Analysis Status page, see Monitor the status of malware analysis
on page 257.
Monitor analysis results for an Advanced Threat Defense
cluster
The Analysis Results page of the primary node displays the analysis results for files analyzed by each
node. In a secondary node, only those files analyzed by that secondary node are displayed.
Similar to a standalone Advanced Threat Defense, you can view the results of samples that you
submitted. If you have admin rights, you can view the results for samples submitted by any user.
If a node is down after the primary node allotted a file to it, resubmit the file to the primary node.
Task
1
Log on as the admin user in one of the nodes of the Advanced Threat Defense cluster.
2
Select Analysis | Analysis Results.
The Analysis Results expands to display the secondary nodes of the cluster. Analysis Results corresponds
to the primary node. The secondary nodes are listed under Analysis Results with their ATD ID and
their management port IP address.
3
To view the results of the files analyzed by the primary node, click Analysis Results.
4
To view the results of files analyzed by a specific secondary node, click the corresponding ATD ID.
For the details of the options in the Analysis Results page, see View the analysis results on page 259.
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Modifying configurations for a McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense cluster
Regarding an McAfee Advanced Threat Defense cluster, configurations can be classified into two types:
•
Settings that you configure only from the primary node. For the sake of explanation, these settings
are referred as synchronized configuration in this document.
•
Settings that you configure individually in each node of a McAfee Advanced Threat Defense cluster.
These settings are referred as unsynchronized configuration.
Synchronized configuration — The following are the settings that fall under this category:
•
Managing analyzer profiles on page 229
•
Specify proxy server for internet
connectivity on page 235
•
Managing McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
users on page 35
•
Configure the proxy DNS settings on page
236
•
Integration with McAfee ePO on page 234
•
Configure date and time settings on page
237
Log on to the primary node with admin rights to configure these settings listed above. When you click
Save in the corresponding pages, the primary node bundles the entire synchronized configuration in a
file and sends it to all available secondary nodes. The secondary nodes save these settings in their
database and use these settings later. This configuration file is assigned a version number. This version
number is the Config Version listed in the Load Balancing Cluster Setting page.
The primary node sends the configuration file over a secure communication channel to the secondary
nodes. You can verify the State column in the Load Balancing Cluster Setting page to verify if the
configuration file was successfully applied on a secondary node. Alternatively, you can click Sync All
Nodes in the Load Balancing Cluster Setting page for the primary node to send the configuration file to all
available nodes. If a secondary node is down, it is indicated in the State column.
When the primary node synchronizes configuration for the cluster, it sends the complete synchronized
data to all available nodes in the cluster. That is, you cannot selectively synchronize secondary nodes.
Neither can you select the configurations that you want sent to the secondary nodes. However, the
configuration-synchronization process does not affect the load-balancing or file-analysis processes of a
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
Unsynchronized configuration — The following are the settings that fall under this category:
•
Upgrade McAfee Advanced Threat Defense software from 3.0.2.xx to 3.0.4.xx on page 41.
•
Creating analyzer VM on page 4
•
Managing VM profiles on page 212
•
DAT and engine versions of McAfee Anti-Malware Engine.
•
DAT and engine versions of McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware Engine.
•
Whitelist and blacklist entries.
•
Custom YARA rules
•
Database backup and restore configurations.
•
Any configuration done using the CLI.
Log on to each node in the cluster to change these configurations. Make sure that these configurations
are same in all nodes of the cluster.
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CLI commands for McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance supports command-line interface (CLI) commands for
tasks such as network configuration, restarting the Appliance, and resetting the Appliance to factory
defaults.
Contents
Issue of CLI commands
CLI syntax
Log on to the CLI
Meaning of "?"
Managing the disks of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
List of CLI commands
Issue of CLI commands
You can issue CLI commands locally, from the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance console, or
remotely through SSH.
How to issue a command through the console
For information on how to set up the console for a McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance, see
Configure network information for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance on page 29.
When the documentation indicates that you must perform an operation "on the Appliance," it signifies
that you must perform the operation from the command line of a console host connecting to the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense Appliance. For example, when you first configure the network details for a
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance, you must do so from the console.
When you are successfully connected to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance, you will see
the login prompt.
Issuing a command through SSH
You can administer a McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance remotely from a command prompt
over ssh.
Only 5 SSHD CLI sessions can be open concurrently on a McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
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CLI syntax
Logging on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
using an SSH client
Task
1
Open an SSH client session.
2
Enter the IPv4 address of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance and enter 2222 as the
SSH port number.
3
At the logon prompt, enter the default user name atdadmin and password atdadmin.
The number of logon attempts to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance from a client, on
a single connection, is set to 3, after which the connection is closed.
The number of logon attempts to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance can differ based
on the ssh client that you are using. You can get three logon attempts with certain clients (for
example, Putty release 0.54, Putty release 0.56) or you can get four logon attempts with other
clients (for example, Putty release 0.58, Linux ssh clients).
Auto-complete
The CLI provides an auto-complete feature. To auto-complete a command, press Tab after typing a
few characters of a valid command and then press Enter. For example, typing pas and pressing Tab
would result in the CLI auto-completing the entry with the command passwd.
If the partially entered text matches multiple options, the CLI displays all available matching
commands.
CLI syntax
You issue commands at the command prompt as shown.
<command> <value>
•
Values that you must enter are enclosed in angle brackets (< >).
•
Optional keywords or values are enclosed in square brackets ([ ]).
•
Options are shown separated by a line (|).
•
Variables are indicated by italics.
Do not type the < or [ ] symbols.
Mandatory commands
There are certain commands that must be executed on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance before it is fully operational. The remaining commands in this chapter are optional and will
assume default values for their parameters unless they are executed with other specific parameter
values.
These are the required commands:
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set appliance name
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Log on to the CLI
•
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set appliance gateway is also required if any of the following are true:
•
If the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance is on a different network than the McAfee
products you plan to integrate
•
If you plan to access McAfee Advanced Threat Defense from a different network either using an
SSH client or a browser for accessing the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Web Application
Log on to the CLI
Before you can enter CLI commands, you must first log on to the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance with a valid user name (default user name is atdadmin) and password (default is
atdadmin). To log off, type exit.
McAfee strongly recommends you change this password using the passwd command within your first
interaction with the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
Meaning of "?"
? displays the possible command strings that you can enter.
Syntax
?
If you use ? in conjunction with another command, it shows the next word you can type. If you execute
the ? command in conjunction with the set command, for example, a list of all options available with
the set command is displayed.
Managing the disks of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Appliance
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance has two disks referred to as disk-A and disk-B. Disk-A
is the active disk and disk-B is the backup disk. Even if disk-A is not booted, it is referred as the active
disk. Similarly, even if disk-B is the booted disk, it is referred as the backup disk. By default, both
these disks contain the pre-installed software version. Subsequently, you can upgrade the software on
the active disk, that is disk-A, and use disk-B to back up a stable version that you can always revert
to.
Use the show command to view the software version stored in the active and backup disks.
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CLI commands for managing the disks
Command
Description
copyto backup Copies the software version on the active disk to the backup disk. For example, if
you find the current active software version to be stable, you can back it up to the
backup disk.
This command works only if the Appliance had been booted from the active disk.
copyto active Copies the software version from the backup disk to the active disk. However, you
must restart the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance for it to load this new
image from the active disk.
This command works only if the Appliance had been booted from the backup disk.
reboot backup Reboots the Appliance with the software version on the backup disk.
reboot active Reboots the Appliance with the software version on the active disk.
List of CLI commands
This section lists McAfee Advanced Threat Defense CLI commands in the alphabetical order.
amas
Use this command to restart/start/stop the amas services.
Syntax: amas <word>
Parameter
Description
<WORD>
The amas service you want to stop.
Example: amas amas
atdcounter
Dsiplays the engine specific counter e.g. files sent and processed by GTI, MAV, GAM, Amas and so on.
Syntax: atdcounter
This command has no parameters.
backup reports
Use this command to create a backup of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense reports on an external
FTP/SFTP server configured for a user under the FTP results output setting interface ports.
Syntax
backup reports
This command has no parameters.
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backup reports date
This command creates a backup of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense reports for a particular date
range on an external FTP/SFTP server configured for a user under the FTP results output setting.
Syntax: backup reports date <yyyy-mm-dd>
Parameter
Description
yyyy-mm-dd yyyy-mm-dd
The date range for which you want to create a backup for reports.
Example: 2014-07-10 2014-07-12
Blacklist
Use the following commands to manage the blacklist of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
Syntax:
•
To add an MD5 to the blacklist, use blacklist add <md5> <score> <file_name>
<malware_name> <Eng-ID> <OS-ID>
Parameter
Description
<md5>
The MD5 hash value of a malware that you want to add to the blacklist.
<score>
The malware severity score. A valid value is from 3 to 5.
<file_name>
The file name for the MD5.
<malware_name> The malware name for the MD5.
<Eng-ID>
The numerical ID for the corresponding engine.
<OS-ID>
The numerical ID of the operating system that was used to dynamically
analyze the malware.
Example: blacklist add 254A40A56A6E28636E1465AF7C42B71F 3 ExampleFileName
ExampleMalwareName 3 3
•
To delete an MD5 from the blacklist, use blacklist delete <md5>
Parameter
Description
<md5>
The MD5 hash value of a malware that you want to delete from the blacklist.
Example: blacklist delete 254A40A56A6E28636E1465AF7C42B71F
•
To check if an MD5 is present in the blacklist, use blacklist query <md5>
Parameter Description
<md5>
The MD5 hash value of a malware that you want to query if it is present in the
blacklist.
Example: blacklist query 254A40A56A6E28636E1465AF7C42B71F
If the MD5 is present, the details such as the engine ID, malware severity score, and so on, are
displayed.
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•
To update the details for an entry in the blacklist, use blacklist update <md5> <score>
<file_name> <malware_name> <Eng-ID> <OS-ID>
Parameter
Description
<md5>
The MD5 hash value of a malware that you want to update. This value must
exist in the blacklist for you to update the record.
<score>
The new malware severity score that you want to change to. A valid value is
from 3 to 5.
<file_name>
The new file name for the MD5.
<malware_name> The new malware name for the MD5.
<Eng-ID>
The new engine ID that you want to change to.
<OS-ID>
The new value for the operating system that was used to dynamically analyze
the malware.
Example: blacklist update 254A40A56A6E28636E1465AF7C42B71F 4 ExampleFileName
ExampleMalwareName 3 4
clearstats
Resets all the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense statistics to zero.
Syntax: clearstats
This command has no parameters.
createDefaultVms
Use this command to create default analyzer VMs.
Syntax: createDefaultVms
This command has no parameters.
db_repair
Repairs the ATD database in case the database gets corrupt.
Syntax: db_repair
This command has no parameters.
deleteblacklist
Use this command to remove all the entries from McAfee Advanced Threat Defense blacklist.
Syntax: deleteblacklist
This command has no parameters.
deletesamplereport
Deletes all the analysis reports for a file.
Syntax: deletesamplereport <md5>
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Parameter Description
<md5>
The MD5 value of the file for which you want to delete all the reports in McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense.
Example: deletesamplereport c0850299723819570b793f6e81ce0495
diskcleanup
Use this command to delete some of the older analysis reports if the disk space of McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense is low.
Syntax: diskcleanup
This command has no parameters.
Exit
Exits the CLI.
This command has no parameters.
Syntax:
exit
factorydefaults
Deletes all samples, results, logs, and analyzer VM images, and it resets IP addresses before rebooting
the device. This command does not appear when you type ? nor does the auto-complete function
applies to this command. You must type the command in full to execute it.
This command has no parameters.
•
You are warned that the operation will clear McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance and you
must confirm the action. The warning occurs since the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
returns to its clean, pre-configured state, thus losing all current configuration settings in both the
active and backup disks. Once you confirm, this command immediately clears all your configuration
settings, including samples, results, logs, and analyzer VM images, in both the active and backup
disks.
•
The current software version in the backup disk is applied on the active disk.
Syntax:
factorydefaults
ftptest USER_NAME
Use this command to test the FTP settings saved under MANAGE > USER MANAGEMENT > FTP Results
(for a particular user).
Syntax: ftptest USER_NAME
Parameter
Description
USER_NAME
The user name for which you want to test the FTP settings
Example: NSPuser
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gti-restart
Restarts the McAfee GTI engine of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
Syntax: gti-restart
This command has no parameters.
help
Provides a description of the interactive help system.
This command has no parameters.
Syntax:
help
heuristic_analysis
Consider a scenario where there is a very high volume of files submitted by a Network Security
Sensor. You want McAfee Advanced Threat Defense to triage these files based on a need for detailed
malware analysis. The intention of this triage is to scale up performance without compromising on
security. The heuristic_analysis command is introduced to meet such a requirement.
•
Enable the heuristic filter for PDF files.
•
Specify the minimum file size for PDF files to qualify for malware analysis.
•
Disable the re-analyze option for all supported file types.
Use the show command to know the current status. By default, heuristic analysis is disabled.
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Syntax: show heuristic_analysis
When heuristic analysis is disabled, the following are the settings:
Setting
Description
Heuristic
filtering is OFF
This is a feature of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense. When turned on, McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense does a heuristic analysis of a PDF file submitted by
Network Security Sensor. That is, it examines the structure of the PDF file for
any malicious content such as embedded Java scripts, embedded .exe files, or
any redirections. Only if there are heuristic abnormalities in the file, it is
considered for malware analysis as per the corresponding analyzer profile. If
there are no abnormalities, the file is treated as clean. That is, a severity rating
of zero (information) is assigned.
In networks where there is a very high flow of PDF files, the heuristic filter can
reduce the load on McAfee Advanced Threat Defense by filtering off files that do
not have any suspicious content.
configuration
setting:
re-analysis: ON
By default, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense analysis all the supported files
submitted by a Sensor even if the files have already been analyzed. When
re-analysis is set to OFF, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense checks if analysis
results are already available for a file based on its MD5 hash value. If yes, then
it provides the available result to Network Security Manager instead of
re-analyzing the file.
configuration
setting: min
file size: 2048
For PDF files submitted by Sensors, you can specify a minimum file size. Files
that are lesser than this size are not analyzed by McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense. This reduces the load on McAfee Advanced Threat Defense by filtering
off small PDF files. The default file size for PDF files submitted by Sensors is 2
KB. You cannot specify a value less than 2 KB (2048 bytes).
The re-analysis function applies to all supported file types supported by Sensors, whereas the heuristic
filter and minimum file size apply only to PDF files submitted by Sensors.
Use the set command to enable or disable heuristic analysis for files submitted by a Sensor.
Syntax: set heuristic_analysis <enable> <PDF minimum file size in bytes>
Syntax: set heuristic_analysis <disable>
The set heuristic_analysis command does not execute when analyzer VM creation is in progress.
Example without minimum file size: set heuristic_analysis enable
If you execute this example, the following settings are applied in the same order for PDF files
submitted by a Sensor:
1
Since you have not specified a minimum file size, it is set to 2 KB. So, McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense considers only PDF files of size 2 KB or more for further analysis.
2
Enabling heuristic analysis sets re-analysis to OFF. So, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense checks if
the analysis result is already available. If yes, this result is forwarded to the Manager without
further analysis. If the result is not available for the same MD5 hash value, the analysis proceeds
to the next step.
3
Enabling heuristic analysis sets heuristic filter to ON. So, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense checks
the PDF file structure for any abnormalities. If there are no abnormalities, the file is treated as
clean and there is no further analysis. If there are any heuristic abnormalities, the PDF file is
statically and dynamically analyzed as per the corresponding analyzer profile.
For non-PDF files, only the re-analysis option (step 2 above) is considered.
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Example with minimum file size: set heuristic_analysis enable 5000
If you execute this example, the following settings are applied in the same order for PDF files
submitted by a Sensor:
1
The minimum file size is set to 5000 bytes. So, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense considers only
PDF files of size 5000 bytes or more for further analysis.
2
Enabling heuristic analysis sets re-analysis to OFF. So, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense checks if
the analysis result is already available. If yes, this result is forwarded to the Manager without
further analysis. If the result is not available for the same MD5 hash value, the analysis proceeds
to the next step.
3
Enabling heuristic analysis sets heuristic filter to ON. So, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense checks
the PDF file structure for any abnormalities. If there are no abnormalities, the file is treated as
clean and there is no further analysis. If there are any heuristic abnormalities, the PDF file is
statically and dynamically analyzed as per the corresponding analyzer profile.
For non-PDF files, only the re-analysis option (step 2 above) is considered.
Example for disabling heuristic analysis: set heuristic_analysis disable
If you execute this example, the following settings are applied:
1
The minimum file size is set to the default value of 2048 bytes.
2
Disabling heuristic analysis sets re-analysis to ON. So, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense analyzes
all supported files submitted by Sensors regardless of whether results are already available or not
for that file.
3
Disabling heuristic analysis sets heuristic filter to OFF. So, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense does
not check PDF files for any heuristic abnormalities. The PDF files are statically and dynamically
analyzed as per the corresponding analyzer profile.
lbstats
Shows the statistics for nodes in a load-balancing cluster.
This command has no parameters. No output is displayed if the Advanced Threat Defense is not part
of a cluster.
Syntax:
lbstats
For the details see, Monitor the status of an Advanced Threat Defense cluster on page 293.
list
Lists all the CLI commands available to users.
Syntax: list
This command has no parameters.
lowseveritystatus
Advanced Threat Defense treats severity 1 and 2 samples as low-severity and severity 3, 4, and 5 as
malicious. By default, if you configure dynamic analysis, the dynamic analysis score is displayed in the
summary report for all samples. This score also affects the final score for that sample. If necessary,
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you can use the lowseveritystatus command to alter this behavior. For example, for low-severity
samples that are dynamically analyzed, Advanced Threat Defense does not display the dynamic
analysis score in the summary report nor consider this score for computing the final score.
The lowseveritystatus command applies only to non-PE samples such as Microsoft Word documents
and PDF files.
Syntax: lowseveritystatus <show><hide>
Example: lowseveritystatus hide
Parameter Description
show
This is the default behavior. If a sample is dynamically analyzed, Advanced Threat
Defense displays the dynamic analysis score in the report. It also considers this score to
compute the final score.
hide
Assume that the sample is a non-PE file, which has undergone dynamic analysis. If
Advanced Threat Defense detects the file to be low-severity, it does not display the
dynamic analysis score in the report (under Sandbox in the Down Selector's Analysis section).
Advanced Threat Defense also does not consider the dynamic analysis score for
computing the final score. However, the details of the dynamic analysis such as files
opened and files created are included in the report.
The lowseveritystatus hide command affects only the score displayed in the report
and does not affect how the results are displayed in the Analysis Results page.
nslookup
Displays nslookup query result for a given domain name. You can use this to verify if McAfee Advanced
Threat Defense is able to perform nslookup queries correctly.
Syntax: nslookup <WORD>
Parameter
Description
<WORD>
The domain name for which you want to query for nslookup.
Example: nslookup mcafee.com
passwd
Changes the password of the CLI user (atdadmin). A password must be between 8 and 25 characters
in length and can consist of any alphanumeric character or symbol.
You are asked to enter the current password before changing to a new password.
Syntax:
passwd
ping
Pings a network host. You can specify an IPv4 address.
Syntax:
ping <A.B.C.D>
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Parameter Description
<A.B.C.D>
denotes the 32-bit IP address written as four eight-bit numbers separated by periods.
Each number (A, B, C or D) is an eight-bit number between 0–255.
quit
Exits the CLI.
This command has no parameters.
Syntax:
quit
reboot
Reboots the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance with the image in the current disk. You must
confirm that you want to reboot.
Syntax:
reboot
Parameter
Description
reboot active
Reboots the Appliance with the software version on the active disk.
reboot backup
Reboots the Appliance with the software version on the backup disk.
reboot vmcreator Recreates the analyzer VMs configured in the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
web application, while rebooting the Appliance.
resetuiadminpasswd
Use this command to reset the password for the admin user of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web
application. When you execute this command, the password is reset to the default value, which is
admin. Note that the currently logged on sessions are not affected. A change in password affects only
new logon attempts.
Syntax: resetuiadminpasswd
Press Y to confirm or N to cancel.
resetusertimeout
Enables users to log on to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application without waiting for the
timer to expire.
Syntax: resetusertimeout <WORD>
Parameter Description
<WORD>
The McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application user name for which you want to
remove the logon timer. If this action is successful, the message Reset done! is
displayed.
Example: resetusertimeout admin
route add/delete network
CLI commands are available for adding and deleting static route to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
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To add a port
route add network <network ip> netmask <netmask> gateway <gateway ip> intfport <port
number 1><port number 2><port number 3>
Example: route add network 1.1.1.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway 1.1.1.1 intfport 1
To delete a port
route delete network <network ip> netmask <netmask> gateway <gateway ip> intfport
<port number 1><port number 2><port number 3>
Example: route delete network 1.1.1.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway 1.1.1.1 intfport 1
samplefilter
This command is specific to Network Security Platform Sensors. Use this command to prevent Sensors
from sending unsupported file types to McAfee Advanced Threat Defense for analysis.
Syntax:
samplefilter <status><enable><disable>
Parameter Description
status
displays whether the sample filtering feature is enabled or disabled currently. By
default, it is enabled.
enable
sets the sample filtering on. When it is enabled, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
considers only the supported file types from Network Security Platform for analysis.
Refer to Analyzing malware on page 4 for the list of supported files.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense ignores all other file types and also informs Network
Security Platform that a sample is of an unsupported file type . This prevents resources
being spent on unsupported file types on both McAfee Advanced Threat Defense and
Network Security Platform.
disable
sets the sample filtering to off. When disabled, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
considers all the files submitted by Network Security Platform for analysis but only the
supported file types are analyzed. The remaining are reported as unsupported in the
Analysis Status and Analysis Results pages.
Example:
samplefilter status
set appliance ip
Specifies the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance IPv4 address and subnet mask. Changing
the IP address requires a restart for the changes to take effect. See the reboot command for
instructions on how to reboot the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
Syntax:
set appliance ip <A.B.C.D E.F.G.H>
Parameter
Description
<A.B.C.D
E.F.G.H>
indicates an IPv4 address followed by a netmask. The netmask strips the host ID
from the IP address, leaving only the network ID. Each netmask consists of binary
ones (decimal 255) to mask the network ID and binary zeroes (decimal 0) to retain
the host ID of the IP address(For example, the default netmask setting for a Class
C address is 255.255.255.0).
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Example:
set appliance ip 192.34.2.8 255.255.0.0
set appliance gateway
Specifies IPv4 address of the gateway for the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
Syntax:
set appliance gateway <A.B.C.D>
Parameter Description
<A.B.C.D>
a 32-bit address written as four eight-bit numbers separated by periods. A, B, C or D
represents an eight-bit number between 0–255.
Example:
set appliance gateway 192.34.2.8
set appliance name
Sets the name of the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance. This name is used to identify the
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance if you integrate it with Network Security Platform.
Syntax:
set appliance name <WORD>
Parameter Description
<WORD>
indicates a case-sensitive character string up to 25 characters. The string can include
hyphens, underscores, and periods, and must begin with a letter.
Example:
set appliance name SanJose_MATD1
set intfport
Use this command to enable or disable McAfee Advanced Threat Defense interface ports.
Syntax
set intfport <1><2><3> <enable><disable>
Example: set intfport 1 enable
set intfport auto
Sets an interface port to auto-negotiate the connection with the immediate network device.
Syntax:
set intfport <1><2><3> auto
Example:
set intfport 1 auto
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set intfport ip
Sets an IP address to an interface port.
Syntax:
set intfport <1><2><3> ip A.B.C.D E.F.G.H
Example:
set intfport 1 10.10.10.10 255.255.255.0
set intfport speed duplex
Set the speed and duplex setting on the specified interface port.
Syntax:
set intfport <1><2><3> speed <10 | 100> duplex <half | full>
Parameter
Description
<1> <2> <3> Enter an interface port ID for which you want to set the speed and duplex.
<10 | 100>
Sets the speed on the interface port. The speed value can be either 10 or 100
<half | full>
Sets the duplex setting on the interface port. Set the value "half' for half duplex and
full for 'full' duplex.
Example:
set intfport 1 speed 100 duplex full
set malware-intfport
Configure the required port to route Internet traffic from an analyzer VM.
Before you run this command, make sure that the required port is enabled and configured with an IP
address.
Syntax: set malware-intfport <1><2><3> gateway A.B.C.D
Example: set malware-intfport 1 10.10.10.252
Run the show intfport 1 and verify the Malware Interface Port and Malware Gateway entries.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses the configured port to provide Internet access to analyzer VMs.
See Internet access to sample files on page 226.
set mgmtport auto
Configures the network port to auto-negotiate the connection between the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance and the immediate network device.
This command has no parameters.
Syntax:
set mgmtport auto
Default Value:
By default, the network port is set to auto (auto-negotiate).
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set mgmtport speed and duplex
Configures the network port to match the speed of the network device connecting to the McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense Appliance and to run in full- or half-duplex mode.
Syntax:
set mgmtport <speed <10 | 100> duplex <full | half>>
Parameter Description
<10|100>
sets the speed on the Ethernet network port. The speed value can be either 10 or 100
Mbps. To set the speed to 1000 Mbps, use the set mgmtport auto command.
<half|full>
sets the duplex setting on the Ethernet network port. Set the value half for half duplex
and full for full duplex.
Default Value:
By default, the network port is set to auto (auto-negotiate).
set fips
Enable or disable FIPS mode. This command has no parameters. Restart the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense Appliance when you enable or disable FIPS mode.
Syntax: set fips <enable> <disable>
set ftp
When you upload files for analysis using an FTP client or when you import a VMDK file into McAfee
Advanced Threat Defense to create an analyzer VM, you use SFTP since FTP is not supported by
default. However, if you prefer to use FTP for these tasks, you can enable FTP.
Syntax: set ftp <enable><disable>
By default, FTP is disabled.
Example: set ftp enable
See also: show ftp on page 316.
set heuristic_analysis
See heuristic_analysis on page 306.
set ui-timeout
Specifies the number of minutes of inactivity that can pass before the McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense web application connection times out.
Syntax:
set ui-timeout <60 - 86400>
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Parameter
Description
<60 - 86400>
You can set a timeout period from 60 to 86400 seconds.
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Example: set ui-timeout 600
Default Value: 15 minutes
set whitelist
Use this command to configure checking of whitelist by McAfee Advanced Threat Defense. By default,
it is enabled.
Syntax: set whitelist <enable><disable>
Example: set whitelist enable
show
Shows all the current configuration settings on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
This command has no parameters.
Syntax:
show
Information displayed by the show command includes:
[Sensor Info]
•
System Name
•
Software Version
•
Date
•
Active Version
•
System Uptime
•
Backup Version
•
System Type
•
MGMT Ethernet Port
•
Serial Number
[Sensor Network Config]
•
IP Address
•
Netmask
•
Default Gateway
show epo-stats nsp
Displays the count of requests sent to McAfee ePO, the count of responses received from McAfee ePO,
and the count of requests that failed.
Syntax: show epo-stats nsp
This command has no parameters.
show fips
Shows if FIPS is enabled or disabled currently. This command has no parameters.
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Syntax: show fips
show ftp
Use this command to know if FTP is enabled or disabled currently. By default, FTP is disabled.
Syntax: show ftp
See also: set ftp on page 314.
show history
Displays the list of CLI commands issued in this session.
Syntax: show history
This command has no parameters.
show heuristic_analysis
See heuristic_analysis on page 306.
show intfport
Shows the status of the specified interface port or the management port of McAfee Advanced Threat
Defense.
Syntax: show intfport <mgmt><1><2><3>
Information displayed by the show intfport command includes:
316
•
Whether the port's administrative status is enabled or disabled.
•
The port's link status.
•
The speed of the port.
•
Whether the port is set to half or full duplex.
•
Total packets received.
•
Total packets sent.
•
Total CRC errors received.
•
Total other errors received.
•
Total CRC errors sent.
•
Total other errors sent.
•
IP address of the port.
•
MAC address of the port.
•
Whether the port is used to provide Internet access to analyzer VMs.
•
If configured to provide Internet access to analzyer VMs, then the corresponding gateway for this
traffic.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
9
CLI commands for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
List of CLI commands
show nsp scandetails
Shows the file scan details regarding the integrated IPS Sensors.
Syntax: show nsp scandetails <Sensor IP address>
If you do not specify the Sensor IP address, the details are displayed for all the Sensors integrated
with the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance.
Information displayed by the show nsp scandetails command includes:
•
The IP address of the IPS Sensor.
•
Total number of packets received from the Sensor.
•
Total number of packets sent to the Sensor.
•
The timestamp of when the last packet was sent to and received from the Sensor.
•
The encryption method used for the communication with the Sensor.
•
Session handle null counts.
•
Count of internal errors.
•
Count of unknown commands received from the Sensor.
•
File string null.
•
File data null.
•
Count of unknown files.
•
Count of out of order packets.
•
Count of MD5 mismatches between what was sent by the Sensor and what was calculated by
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
•
Count of memory allocation failures.
•
File transfer timeout.
•
New file count.
•
Count of shared memory allocation failures.
•
Count of the number of static analysis responses sent.
•
Count of the number of dynamic analysis responses sent.
•
Count of scan request received.
•
MD5 of the last file that was streamed by the Sensor.
show route
This command is used to show routes that you configured using the route add command as well as
the system IP routing table.
Syntax:
show route
The details from a sample output of the command in the following table.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
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9
CLI commands for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
List of CLI commands
Table 9-2 System IP routing table
Destination
Gateway
Genmask
Flags
Metric
Ref
Use
Iface
10.10.10.0
0.0.0.0
255.255.255.0
U
0
0
0
mgmt
11.11.11.0
0.0.0.0
255.255.255.0
U
0
0
0
mgmt
12.12.0.0
0.0.0.0
255.255.0.0
U
0
0
0
mgmt
13.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
255.0.0.0
U
0
0
0
mgmt
0.0.0.0
10.10.10.253
0.0.0.0
UG
0
0
0
mgmt
show ui-timeout
Displays the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense web application client timeout in seconds.
Syntax: show ui-timeout
Sample output: Current timeout value: 1200
shutdown
Halts the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance so you can power it down. Then, after about a
minute, you can power down the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance manually and unplug
both the power supplies. McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance does not power off automatically.
You must confirm that you want to shut it down.
This command has no parameters.
Syntax:
shutdown
status
Shows McAfee Advanced Threat Defense system status, such as the health and the number of files
submitted to various engines.
This command has no parameters.
Syntax: status
Sample output:
System Health Status : good
Sample files received count: 300
Sample files submitted count: 300
GTI Scanner files submitted count: 50
GAM Scanner files submitted count: 100
MAV Scanner files submitted count: 200
Sandbox files submitted count: 25
Sandbox files finished count: 25
Sample files finished count: 300
Sample files error count: 0
318
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
9
CLI commands for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
List of CLI commands
update_avdat
By default, McAfee Advanced Threat Defense updates the DAT files for McAfee Gateway Anti-Malware
Engine and McAfee Anti-Malware Engine every 90 minutes. To update these files immediately, use the
update_avdat command.
This command has no parameters.
Syntax: update_avdat
Vmlist
Displays list of all the VMs configured on the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
Syntax: vmlist
watchdog
The watchdog process reboots the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance whenever an
unrecoverable failure is detected.
Syntax:
watchdog <on | off | status>
Parameter Description
<on>
Enables the watchdog.
<off>
Disables the watchdog. Use it if the Appliance reboots continuously due to repeated
system failure.
<status>
Displays the status of the watchdog process.
set malware-intfport mgmt
By default, Internet access to analyzer VMs is through the McAfee Advanced Threat Defense's
management port (eth-0). Use this command, if you had configured a different port for routing
Internet traffic and want to revert to the management port.
Syntax: set malware-intfport mgmt
Run the show intfport mgmt and verify the Malware Interface Port and Malware Gateway entries.
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense uses the management port to provide Internet access to analyzer
VMs. See Internet access to sample files on page 226.
whitelist
Use the following commands to manage the whitelist of McAfee Advanced Threat Defense.
Syntax:
•
To add an MD5 to the whitelist, use whitelist add <md5>
Example: whitelist add 254A40A56A6E68636E1465AF7C42B71F
•
To delete an MD5 from the whitelist, use whitelist delete <md5>
Example: whitelist delete 254A40A56A6E28836E1465AF7C42B71F
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Product Guide
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CLI commands for McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
List of CLI commands
•
To check if an MD5 is present in the whitelist, use whitelist query <md5>
Example: whitelist query 254A40A56A6E28636E1465AF7C42B71F
•
320
To check the status if checking the whitelist status is currently enabled, use whiteliststatus
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
Index
A
about this guide 7
active disk 301
analysis results
cluster 297
viewing 259
analysis status
cluster 296
monitoring 257
analyzer profile 221
adding 231
deletion 233
management 229
modification 233
viewing 230
analyzer VM 221
creating 61
Anti-Malware Engine 221
B
backup and restore 54
backup disk 301
C
disk-A 301
disk-B 301
DNS settings configuration 236
documentation
product-specific, finding 8
typographical conventions and icons 7
dynamic analysis 221
E
ePO server configuration 235
ePO server integration 234
exporting logs 52
G
Gateway Anti-Malware Engine 221
I
Internet access 226
Internet proxy server 235
J
JSON 261
L
CLI commands
how to? 299
list 302
mandatory commands 300
syntax 300
CLI commands issue
auto-complete 300
console 299
ssh 299
CLI logon 301
conventions and icons used in this guide 7
custom YARA rules 240
D
dashboard 274
database
backup and restore 54
date and time 237, 242, 245, 246
diagnostic files 52
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
local blacklist 221
local whitelist 221
log files 52
M
malware analysis 247
process flow 225, 247, 254
malware analysis configuration
high-level steps 225
overview 221
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense
accessing web application 34
advantages 14
backup and restore 54
dashboard 274
deployment options 12
disks 301
performance monitoring 40
Product Guide
321
Index
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense (continued)
performance monitors 278
software import 41, 47
solution description 10
upgrade 41, 47
user management 35
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense Appliance
hardware specifications 23
important information 18
setting up 17, 25
McAfee ServicePortal, accessing 8
monitors
malware analysis 275
VM creation status 278
N
Network Simulator 226
O
OpenIOC 261
overview 9
terminologies 221
troubleshooting 52
U
upload files
manual 248
SFTP 254
web application 248
upload samples
manual 248
SFTP 254
web application 248
upload URLs
manual 255
user-interactive mode 249
web application 255
user 221
user API log 273
user interactive mode 249
V
P
port numbers used 25
process flow 234
R
real Internet mode 226
reports
analysis summary 261
disassembly results 267
dropped files 267
logic path graph 268
view analysis results 259
VM creation log 220
VM profile 221
adding 214
creating 214
deleting 220
editing 219
management 212
viewing 213
VMDK file
image conversion 209
importing 208
W
S
sample analysis 247
Sensor logon; ssh 300
ServicePortal, finding product documentation 8
simulation mode 226
static analysis 221
STIX 261
support bundle 52
system requirements
client 33
Warnings 19
X
X-Mode 249
XML 261
XMode 249
Y
YARA rules 240
T
technical support, finding product information 8
322
McAfee Advanced Threat Defense 3.2.0
Product Guide
0B00
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