The Fluke 62 mini infrared thermometer

The Fluke 62 mini infrared thermometer
PART TWO
of a predictive
maintenance series
CHAPTER 2.3
The Fluke 62 Mini
Infrared Thermometer
For quick, basic temperature checks
Increases in temperature are
often the first sign of trouble for
mechanical equipment, electrical circuits and building systems
such as heating, ventilation and
air conditioning (HVAC). A quick
temperature check of key components and equipment can detect
potential problems and prevent
catastrophic failures. Regular
contact measurement with a
thermometer and probe takes
time and can require getting
close to dangerous or inaccessible
operational equipment or shutting
equipment down. Non-contact
infrared (IR) thermometers take
quick, safe measurements from
a distance while equipment is
operational.
Advances in technology have
made the smallest infrared thermometers, such as the Fluke 62
Mini, especially practical. They’re
convenient to carry and affordable enough for everyone on an
entire crew to own one, so that
infrared temperature measurement isn’t limited to specialists.
And the latest models are more
accurate and measure greater
temperature ranges than earlier
“mini” generations.
Point, shoot and read
To use the Fluke 62 Mini Infrared
Thermometer, use the laser sighting to pinpoint the target, and
pull the trigger to see the temperature on the built-in display.
Application Note
The thermometer works by
measuring the infrared energy
emitted from surfaces and converting the information into a
temperature reading. It measures
temperatures from -30 °C to
+500 °C (-20 °F to +932 °F), is
accurate to ± 1 % of reading and
can capture the maximum reading
among a range of readings.
While there are endless ways
to use an infrared thermometer,
here are the three primary ones:
1)Measure the absolute
temperature at a spot. This
is useful for trending the
temperature of an object such
as a bearing housing over
time. With a repeatability of
± 0.5 %, the new thermometers make this practice quite
accurate.
2)Compare the temperature
differential of two spots. For
example to compare the running temperatures of two like
objects to determine if one is
overheating.
3)Scan an object and detect
changes within a continuous
area on it, to find hot or cold
spots on housings, panels and
structures.
Securing accurate
measurements
The uses for handheld infrared
thermometers are limited only by
the nature of infrared technology.
The key restriction is the surface of the target object. Simply
stated, these instruments cannot
accurately measure shiny surfaces. The issue is emitted versus
reflected energy.
Check motor temperatures quickly, without contact.
For more information on Fluke Predictive
Maintenance Products and Services go to
www.fluke.com/pdm
25mm @ 50mm @ 100mm @
250mm 500mm 1000mm
D:S = 10:1
S
1" @
10"
2" @
20"
D
Non-contact thermometers are adjusted to consider only emitted energy.
Use D:S ratio for accurate measurements.
Emissivity
glass and, as noted, will be inaccurate if used to measure shiny or
polished metal surfaces (stainless
steel, aluminum, etc.).
Users of IR thermometers also
must be alert to environmental conditions. Steam, dust and
smoke, for example, can prevent
accurate temperature readings
by obstructing a unit’s optics. A
dirty lens can also affect readings. Lenses should be cleaned
with dry, clean plant air or a fluid
made specifically for cleaning
lenses. Also, changes in ambient temperature can influence
a thermometer’s performance. If
an IR unit is exposed to abrupt
temperature changes of 11 °C
(20 °F) or more, the user should
allow at least 20 minutes for the
unit to adjust to the new ambient
temperature.
instrument to the object compared to the size of the spot (“disOf the kinds of energy—reflected, tance-to-spot” or D:S ratio). For
transmitted and emitted—emanat- the Fluke 62 Mini the distanceing from an object, only emitted
to-spot ratio is 10:1. This means
infrared energy indicates the
that at a distance of 10 inches the
object’s surface temperature.
spot is about one inch in diamTransmitted and reflected energy eter. The larger its ratio number
do not. When IR thermometers
the better is the instrument’s
measure surface temperatures,
resolution.
they sense all three kinds of enResolution is important because
ergy. Therefore, they have to be
it relates directly to getting good
adjusted to read emitted energy
readings by ensuring that the
only. The Fluke 62 Mini Infrared
target is larger than the spot size.
Thermometer has a fixed, pre-set The smaller the target, the closer
emissivity of 0.95, which is the
one must be to it. When accuracy
emissivity value for most organic
is critical, the target should be at
materials as well as painted or
least twice as large as the spot.
oxidized surfaces.
To accurately measure the
Other factors to consider
surface temperature of a shiny
These instruments measure only
object, cover the target surface
surface temperatures, not internal
with masking tape or flat black
temperatures. Furthermore, they
paint and allow enough time
cannot take readings through
for the tape or paint to reach
the temperature of the material
underneath.
Distance-to-spot ratio
The optical system of an infrared
thermometer collects the infrared
energy from a circular area or
spot and focuses it on the detector. The farther a target is from
the instrument the larger the spot
created on the target will be.
Optical resolution is defined by
the ratio of the distance from the
For the best readings, the measured target should be at least twice as large as the spot.
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Frontline test tools for predictive maintenance
4" @
40"
Popular
applications
Even considering the limitations
of infrared temperature monitoring, there are still so many
possible uses for this technology
that trying to list them all would
be fruitless. Here are some of the
most common and particularly
successful applications.
Predictive maintenance
Regular maintenance in industrial
and institutional locations keeps
motors, pumps and gearboxes
from experiencing catastrophic
failures that can halt production
or pose safety problems. In an
infrared maintenance program,
technicians set up an inspection
route and measurement parameters for each piece of key equipment and/or component. Then,
they take an infrared temperature
measurement on a regular basis,
record the measurement, and
compare against previous readings for any changes.
As an example, a technician
can use a Fluke 62 Mini to check
the operation of an induction
motor on a critical piece of equipment. She or he would start by
reading the unit’s specifications
on the plate attached to it. The
plate will reveal either a Temperature Rise Rating or a Motor Class
Rating for the motor. The rise rating gives the maximum allowable
operating temperature above ambient. The motor class rating, e.g.
“Class A,” will reveal an absolute
maximum operating temperature.
Both pertain to internal-winding
temperatures. Of course, a contact
thermometer cannot measure
these temperatures while the
motor is running. However, an
operator or technician can use a
non-contact IR thermometer to
measure the temperature of the
motor case. She or he should add
10 °C (18 °F) to surface scans to
determine the internal operating
temperature. For each 10 °C (18
°F) above the maximum operating
temperature, the life of the motor
is likely to decrease by 50 %.
If the motor is extremely hot it
could be a fire hazard.
3 Fluke Corporation
Measure moving targets easily.
Using infrared thermometry
for plant maintenance reduces
repair costs and avoids equipment stoppages. Industrial
maintenance personnel, building
managers, HVAC technicians and
even homeowners can reduce
costs by repairing only what
needs to be fixed. They can avoid
unplanned equipment stoppages
by making specific, necessary
repairs before equipment fails.
Then, after repairs, they can perform new temperature measurements on the same equipment to
determine whether the repairs
were successful.
Electrical inspections
Electrical systems supply essential power to every industrial,
commercial and residential set-
Use unit in close range for
near-distance targets.
Frontline test tools for predictive maintenance
ting. With degradation over time
and the general vulnerability of
electrical connections, it’s important to monitor electrical systems for loose, dirty or corroded
connections, flaws in transformer
windings, hot spots in panel
boxes and other telltale signs of
trouble.
The Fluke 62 Mini can be
invaluable for finding developing
hotspots in electrical equipment
that may indicate a short circuit,
a fused switch or an overload. In
general, higher operating temperatures reduce the life of electrical
components by damaging insulation and raising the resistance of
conductor materials. Pinpointed
by a non-contact IR thermometer,
these situations signal that action
is required.
Use non-contact temperature measurements for inaccessible targets.
HVAC inspections
trap can cost a plant $500 USD or
more per year, and in any given
Heating and cooling systems,
year, 10 % of all industrial steam
whether for maintaining protraps fail. Since many plants have
duction parameters or human
as many as 1,000 traps, they can
comfort, are easily monitored
quickly become high-value mainwith the Fluke 62 Mini Infrared
tenance targets.
Thermometer. Check air stratificaTo verify whether a steam trap
tion, supply and return registers,
is working properly, use a nonfurnace performance and steam
contact thermometer like the 62
distribution systems and conduct
Mini to measure from input to
energy audits to pinpoint system
output. On a properly operating
upgrade opportunities.
trap, the temperature should drop
For example, IR non-contact
significantly. If the temperature
thermometers can be used to
doesn’t drop, the steam trap has
troubleshoot steam traps, which
failed open and is passing superare designed to remove water
heated steam into the condensate
(condensate) that has condensed line. If the temperature drop is
from the steam as it travels in
overly large, the trap may be
transfer pipes. If a steam trap fails stuck closed and is not ejecting
while open, it will leak steam,
heated condensate. Condensate
causing an energy loss. If it fails
in steam lines reduces the effecwhile closed, it won’t remove
tive energy of the steam and can
condensate from the steam line,
cause difficulties in steam driven
making it useless. A faulty steam
processes.
Fluke. Keeping your world
up and running.
Fluke Corporation
PO Box 9090
Everett, WA USA 98206
Fluke Europe B.V.
PO Box 1186, 5602 BD
Eindhoven, The Netherlands
For more information call:
U.S.A. (800) 443-5853 or
Fax (425) 446-5116
Europe/M-East/Africa (31 40) 2 675 200 or
Fax (31 40) 2 675 222
Canada (800) 36-FLUKE or
Fax (905) 890-6866
Other countries (425) 446-5500 or
Fax (425) 446-5116
Web access: http://www.fluke.com
©2005 Fluke Corporation. All rights reserved.
Printed in U.S.A. 6/2005 2517382 A-EN-N Rev A
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Frontline test tools for predictive maintenance
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