Better fuel efficiency starts right here.

Better fuel efficiency starts right here.
fuel efficiency
efficiency
Proven strategies to boost your mileage, performance and savings.
Better fuel efficiency starts right here.
The benefits of increased fuel efficiency are simple: you
Since today’s fuel prices account for a large portion of
save money and reduce CO2 emissions. But that doesn’t
your fleet’s total operating costs, Volvo has pioneered
mean it’s easy. Lowering fuel consumption for your
strategies to help you log more miles using less fuel.
trucks depends on factors that range from engine and
The strategies featured here are proven tools for saving
transmission performance to cab design, the routes you
money. Put them to work and you’ll make your fleet more
take and the drivers you hire and train.
profitable, year after year.
SCR vs EGR
Two technologies. But only one way to increase your fleet’s fuel efficiency.
The challenge: meeting EPA 2010 requirements.
DEF, you’ll get two dollars back in reduced diesel fuel costs.
As the diesel engine industry worked to meet EPA 2010
Even with the cost of DEF taken into account, Volvo truck
emissions requirements, two NOx-reduction technologies
engines for EPA ’10 will reduce your fleet’s fuel costs.
emerged: SCR, Selective Catalytic Reduction; and MEGR,
Massive Exhaust Gas Recirculation. While SCR and EGR
seem to be competing technologies, Volvo found a way to use
the best of each. Our proprietary SCR aftertreatment uses
less EGR and eliminates active regeneration. It improves fuel
efficiency, engine performance and driver uptime.
SCR: The preferred technology for EPA 2010 engines.
An MEGR engine uses more recycled exhaust, which reduces
the amount of available oxygen and creates more soot. This
increases the need for active regeneration—and uses more
fuel. On the other hand, the Volvo SCR system reduces
the amount of EGR, increasing the amount of oxygen and
reducing the need for regeneration, which helps to increase
fuel efficiency.
With Volvo SCR, a small amount of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)
—a water solution of urea—is injected into the exhaust. This
turns the NOx into nitrogen and water vapor, with no pollution.
Most importantly, it allows the engine to be restored to a
more normal state of operation for better performance and
increased fuel efficiency.
No active regeneration.
For 2010, Volvo went the extra mile to develop the ultimate
regeneration technology. By rebalancing the NOx-to-soot ratio,
Volvo has increased passive regeneration—which occurs
automatically—to a level that eliminates the need for active
regeneration under normal highway driving conditions. This
not only saves fuel, but reduces driver downtime.
Volvo SCR engines can deliver 5% better fuel efficiency.
Increased fuel efficiency is the primary reason why Volvo
Trucks selected SCR for our EPA 2010 engines. In fact, these
engines can deliver 5% better fuel efficiency than our highly
efficient EPA ’07 engines. And for every dollar you invest in
Volvo power with Eco-Torque
Volvo D11, D13 and D16 engines with Eco-Torque feature low rpm and top gear operation to save fuel.
Volvo engines with our innovative Eco-Torque feature deliver
fleet owner may specify the tractor with a 405 Eco-Torque
torque ratings that maximize their fuel efficiency.
engine and Volvo I-Shift transmission. At trade-in, the engine
may simply be re-flashed to a full 500 horsepower and 1750
With Eco-Torque, the truck accelerates normally through
lb-ft torque, for higher residual value. There’s no need to
all bottom gears. In the top two gears, where most fuel is
replace any driveline or cooling components, and no engine
consumed, the engine defaults to a lower torque curve. Higher
hardware, such as turbo or injectors, needs to be changed.
torque is available on demand, but only under certain conditions.
What kind of fuel efficiency does Eco-Torque deliver? A lot
More power for the hills. More efficiency for your bottom line.
depends on driver, payload, terrain and other factors. But with
Each Volvo Eco-Torque engine rating has a higher torque curve
Eco-Torque, you can expect the best possible fuel efficiency
and a lower torque curve. The nominal horsepower for each
from your fully loaded EPA ’10 Volvo truck.
rating is associated with the higher torque curve. On a steep
grade, performance is enhanced when the engine automatically
switches to the higher curve. Engine efficiency under these
full-load, low-rpm conditions is at its maximum. The engine will
revert to the low curve when the power demand is removed
and cruise conditions are resumed.
This saves fuel by encouraging operation at a lower, more
efficient rpm, and provides a fleet engine that’s capable of
cresting most hills in the top gear. Plus, the driver quickly learns
that this exceptional Eco-Torque performance is obtained by
operating at low engine rpm.
Volvo D13-500 Eco-Torque 1750 / 1550
400
300
2000
200
1500
1000
Torque (Lb-ft)
Power (Hp)
500
500
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
0
2200
Engine Speed (Rpm)
Ratings that save your fleet money now,
and pay you back at trade-in.
All Volvo engines may be up-rated to the highest rating within
their displacement with only a software flash, limited only by
transmission capacity. For example, a fuel-efficiency-conscious
I-Shift
Volvo I-Shift transmission keeps your fleet in the sweet spot.
I-Shift: Better for you, your fleet and your bottom line.
Advantages to reduce your fuel costs.
Volvo I-Shift is a 12-speed, two-pedal, automated manual
I-Shift lets every driver shift like a fuel efficiency expert, reducing
transmission (AMT) that maximizes driver comfort, payload
your fleet’s fuel costs. Smooth shifting puts less stress on
capacity and fuel efficiency.
the driveline and the tires, and can extend the useful life of
the driveline and minimize maintenance. I-Shift is also light in
I-Shift is designed to integrate seamlessly with Volvo engines and
weight, increasing your payload opportunity.
requires virtually no maintenance. It’s ideal for applications such
as line haul, heavy haul, construction, distribution, pick-up and
Drivers can trust I-Shift to always select the right gear to stay in
delivery. Available in four feature-specific packages, I-Shift can be
the engine’s “sweet spot.” This level of ease reduces fatigue,
customized to fit the demanding needs of fleets of all sizes.
helps with driver retention and reduces the time it takes for a
driver to make a profit on the road.
A transmission with intelligence.
The I-Shift transmission management system employs a next-
The best AMT on the road is the best AMT for your fleet.
generation microprocessor to deliver “intelligent” features
Volvo I-Shift has the highest torque capacity in the industry. It’s
that improve driveability and fuel efficiency. For example,
almost 200 pounds lighter than the competition, and requires
I-Shift knows the efficiency map for each Volvo engine. By
little maintenance. It’s the only AMT with features like Eco-Roll®
continuously monitoring the changing grade, vehicle speed,
to save fuel, and Kick-Down to maximize acceleration. And only
acceleration, torque demand, weight, rolling and air resistance,
I-Shift is available with enhanced PTO functions.
I-Shift can instantly predict and select the most efficient
utilization of the engine. In other words, it knows when and
where a shift would be beneficial.
FUELWATCH
Fuelwatch is designed to help fleet managers get
maximum fuel efficiency from every gallon.
Lowering fuel consumption depends on hundreds of factors
that range from the truck to the route to the skill of the driver.
That’s why Volvo created Fuelwatch: a comprehensive
approach that results in considerably lower fuel costs for
Volvo truck owners. Fuelwatch tells you where the immediate
and long-term savings are, and how to capture them. It’s the
best way to protect your fleet’s bottom line as you help protect
the environment.
Fuelwatch takes a close look at every area of truck selection,
cif
i
Spe
t
en
lo
ve
e
D
s
u
VEHICLE OPTIMIZATION
• Correct Specifications
• Fuel Savings Maintenance
ns
Ma
int
io
ce
OPERATING EFFICIENCY
e
n
na
t
• Efficiency Upgradesca
Spe
cif
i
Fuel
• Monitoring and MeasuringSavings
Results
t
• Driver Development
o
s
D
optimally specified for its intended application. Drivers are
assisted by technical features such as I-Shift and special
training courses. And out on the highway, you’ll see the savings
every day. Fuelwatch—and improving your fuel efficiency—
depends on many factors: information, equipment and
specialized training, all designed to put you in control of fuel
costs. Working with your Volvo Truck dealer, Fuelwatch can
help your fleet be more profitable, mile after mile.
u
s
ul
el
Fuelwatch starts when tas vehicle is ordered,
ev ensuring that it’s
Re
Re
en
en
t
pm
pm
ion
s
ca
t
Re
ifi
ec
Sp
s
Re
lo
ve
De
Spe
cif
i
e
nc
Fuel
Savings
Fuel
Savings
ul
ts
Re
s
pm
Sp
ec
ifi
na
e
nc
na
Ma
int
Ma
in
te
s
ts
ul
n
tio
ca
e
maintenance and operation and saves you money in each one:
Driving Tips
Driving tips to increase fuel efficiency and lower costs.
Nothing affects your bottom line more than driver performance.
• Evaluate electronic engine settings. Electronic settings are
Here are proven tips that tell drivers what to do—and what
easily changed; settings that match your application can yield
not to do—to save fuel and maximize truck performance when
the best savings. Use optimum Road Speed Limits.
they’re out on the road.
What to do:
• Slow down! Above 55 mph, each 1 mph increase reduces
fuel efficiency by 0.1 mpg.
• Coast when possible. When approaching the crown of a hill
or a red light, release the accelerator. Using the truck’s own
momentum can save fuel.
• Operate at a constant speed. On smooth, flat stretches, use
cruise control to supply a more even amount of fuel.
• Driving technique can impact fuel efficiency up to 5%. The
most efficient drivers can get about 30% better fuel efficiency
than the least efficient drivers.
• Try to stay in top gear at least 85% of the distance in a normal
highway application; let the engine lug down when slowing.
• Make as few shifts as possible (skip shift). This avoids
unnecessary high revs that can rob fuel. Shift between
1150 and 1500 rpm.
What not to do:
• Avoid speed changes (speeding up and slowing down).
Each 0 to 65 mph acceleration uses up to ½ gallon of fuel.
• Avoid idling whenever possible. Each hour of idle time (in
long-haul operation) can decrease fuel efficiency by 1%.
Fuel used during idle does not move your freight and
reduces overall fuel efficiency. Also, be aware of idling
restrictions in many states.
Extra steps you can take:
• Minimize your trailer gap. If possible, move stationary fifth
wheels forward, or add some rear stops on sliders. Decrease
your trailer gap (especially on box vans) for best fuel savings.
Reducing trailer gap 10" can save up to 1% or more. Best
gap is approximately 36".
• Use Gear Down Protection. Your best fuel efficiency is in high
gear, not one gear down.
Other factors that affect fuel efficiency:
• At any speed, the driver is the biggest contributor to mpg.
After that, tires are the most important factor in mpg below
55 mph; aerodynamics contribute most above 55 mph.
• Above 55 mph, each 2% reduction in aerodynamic drag
results in approximately 1% improvement in fuel efficiency.
• Fuel efficiency can increase up to 7% after tires are broken
in (35,000–50,000 miles).
• Used lug drive tires can get up to 0.4 mpg better fuel
efficiency than new lug tires.
• Ribbed tires on drive axles can get 2-4% better fuel efficiency
than lug tires.
• Each 10 psi that a truck tire is underinflated can reduce fuel
efficiency by 1%.
Driver Development
Cut your fuel costs with effective driver training.
The driver is the key to vehicle performance. That’s why
Vehicle operation:
effective driver training can pay off almost immediately. Tests
• Allow engine to lug down (shift between 1150 and 1500 rpm).
show drivers who adopt more fuel-efficient driving techniques
can reduce fuel costs 5% or greater.
• Try to stay in top gear at least 85-90% of the time in normal
highway driving.
Volvo driver development is designed to teach drivers what to
• When approaching the crown of a hill or red light, release the
do—and what not to do—in any situation when the engine is
accelerator and use the truck’s own momentum to save fuel.
running. Here are our top tips for driving, setting the engine and
using Volvo’s Performance Bonus Guide to train your drivers.
Idle time:
• With an idle time of 10% of total engine hours, you’ll see a
Engine settings:
1% fuel efficiency loss.
• Electronic settings available with every Volvo engine can be
set to help the driver in specific—and often less obvious—
Speed:
activities. Maximum Road Speed has a dramatic effect on
• Slow down: an increase of 1 mph equals a loss of 0.1 mpg.
fuel efficiency, and the Volvo Road Speed Limit—set for
reasonable road speeds—helps many operators reduce fuel
Terrain and routes:
consumption.
• Steady (average) speed is better than many small up and
• The Eco Road Speed Limit Control allows the truck to slow
2 mph on upgrades before responding to the throttle, for
maximum power to maintain road speed. Volvo’s Gear Down
Vehicle Speed Limiter encourages the driver to operate in top
gear for maximum fuel efficiency.
down speed changes; each acceleration between 0 and
65 mph uses about ½ gallon of fuel or the equivalent of
4-5 minutes of typical highway driving.
• Stop/go/traffic accelerations have a HUGE impact.
• On a smooth, flat stretch of road, utilize cruise control to
supply a more even amount of fuel.
Performance Bonus Guide gives drivers immediate
fuel efficiency feedback.
Performance Bonus Guide is a unique ride-along “coach” in
the Volvo Driver Instrumentation Display that tells the driver
how to operate the engine for best fuel efficiency. The Volvo
Performance Bonus Guide feature is active over 25 mph, and
includes the driver aids pictured on the right.
Ask your Volvo Truck dealer for details on how to get the most
out of your fleet for safer, more efficient driving.
Performance bonus Guide
If the driver uses too many revs, the rpm
DOWN reminder tells him to upshift to
bring it back to the sweet spot.
There are times when the rpm is in the
sweet spot but the driver is using too
much throttle. Easing up slightly will bring
him into the sweet spot. This function
also illuminates in cruise control.
As the parameters approach the sweet
spot, a single dollar sign illuminates. Half
of the fuel burned goes toward meeting
the target percentage of fuel burned in
the sweet spot.
When all the parameters meet
the requirements, the double dollar
sign illuminates and all fuel burned
goes toward meeting the target.
This symbol will even illuminate at full
throttle if the rpm is below 1350 rpm,
showing that mode is a very efficient
way to run the engine.
When the target is achieved, the trophy
illuminates. If Performance Bonus is
achieved, the driver can receive certain
incentives, which might include an
increase to the road speed, enabling
of special I-Shift functions, or other
recognition or rewards.
instrument cluster
All the information you need, all in one place.
Volvo’s Intelligent Dash puts just the right amount of
2
1
13
3
12
11
4
6
5
information right where it’s needed. The layout is neat,
clean and free of clutter. Critical gauges are highly visible
in the instrument cluster, with little else to distract the driver
7
from safely operating the truck.
10
8
9
8
Complete system status and fault alerts at your fingertips.
For a normal operating situation, the Volvo Driver Information
Instrument Cluster
Display (DID) shows the default information selected by the
driver. If a system, gauge or sensor goes out of the normal
1
Tachometer
operating range, the display will automatically note the
2
Telltales (including STOP, CHECK and
INFORMATION lamps)
3
Speedometer
4
Front brake air pressure
Volvo’s Driver Information Display (DID):
5
Rear brake air pressure
• Provides real-time information to the driver.
6
Oil pressure
• Displays digital gauges and other data for vehicle status
7
DEF level
8
Telltales (including DPF, battery, diff lock, traction
control, etc.)
9
Driver Information Display
abnormality. It will also immediately indicate when a fault
has occurred by displaying an easy-to-read message.
and performance, including average fuel efficiency,
distance to empty and more.
• Can be set up for personal display preferences, including
up to three “favorite” windows for key gauges or data.
• Drivers can scroll through the menu and select options
via the control stalk switch to the right of the steering wheel.
This also allows the driver to select actions when messages
10 Fuel level
11 Coolant temperature
12 Application air pressure
13 Intake manifold pressure
are automatically displayed on the DID.
functions. Drivers can scroll through digital gauges, view fuel
data, review trip and distance data, and more.
Performance Bonus Program
The Performance Bonus option is designed to encourage
drivers to operate their Volvo truck for optimum efficiency.
Efficient operation can be rewarded with an increase to their
Road Speed Limit, or drivers can receive other incentives as
you see fit.
Indicators for fuel efficiency and performance
The Performance Bonus display provides real-time status of
All Driver Information Displays feature menu-driven commands
vehicle performance, so drivers know exactly when they are
to help manage Volvo’s SCR aftertreatment system. Base and
being most efficient—for example, when they’re in the “sweet
Premium displays also feature menus for additional features and
spot” and achieving the best fuel efficiency.
Smartway®
Reducing fuel consumption makes sense for your fleet. And for our planet.
Volvo manufactures EPA SmartWay-verified technologies.
makes a huge difference. Our integrated cab high roof fairings
Volvo Trucks is proud to partner with the U.S. Environmental
bridge the gap, whether the cab has a flat, mid- or full-height
Protection Agency to manufacture EPA SmartWay-verified
roof. We even offer a patented adjustable fairing extension with
technologies. This type of technology is found on our
a trim tab, so operators can precisely tailor their aerodynamics
SmartWay Certified VN Tractors. Volvo has developed a
to their trailer, for up to a 1% increase in fuel efficiency.
comprehensive package of SmartWay components that
deliver high fuel efficiency and low emissions.
Cab side extenders
Cab side extenders reduce the distance between the back
Volvo SmartWay tractors are equipped with:
of the cab and the front of the trailer, for a major aerodynamic
• SCR engines certified to the very strict U.S. EPA ’10
boost. Volvo’s extenders and optional extended fairings
emissions standards.
• Aerodynamic enhancements, including integrated high roof
fairings, fuel tank side fairings, side fairing gap reducers,
feature a compound curve that matches the cab curve to
the trailer. This allows the truck to pass the air to the trailer
with minimum turbulence.
plus aerodynamic bumpers and mirrors.
• Low-rolling resistance tires.
Lower emissions plus greater fuel efficiency.
That’s smart.
What makes a Volvo VN a certified SmartWay vehicle?
Low emissions are central to SmartWay goals, and Volvo’s D11,
• Anti-idling options.
D13 and D16 SCR engines are certified to the stringent EPA ’10
The EPA’s SmartWay program has strict requirements that
emissions requirements. Volvo SCR engines can deliver 5%
each truck must meet to become a Certified SmartWay truck.
better fuel efficiency than our previous generation of engines.
Volvo starts with a sophisticated aerodynamic design, honed
through extensive computer simulation and wind tunnel testing.
Then we add enhancements.
Aero bumper
Volvo’s aerodynamic bumper optimizes airflow around
and under the vehicle, and has an optional extended
drag reduction plate to reduce turbulence behind the
bumper for even better airflow.
Chassis fairing
The full-length chassis fairing reduces wind resistance over
chassis-mounted components such as fuel tanks.
Aero mirrors
Even a small component can make a difference for wind
resistance, so Volvo’s mirrors are smoothed and rounded to
catch as little air as possible when traveling down the road.
Roof fairing
Moving the air smoothly from over the cab to over the trailer
The Most Fuel Efficient Choice for EPA ’10 and Beyond.
Reducing exhaust emissions from diesel engines is important for improving air quality, especially in densely populated areas. It’s
clear that for EPA ’10, the operational and economic advantages of SCR make it the most fuel efficient process for maximum
savings
emissions reduction. Just as important, Volvo SCR technology allows room for further enhancement to meet future changes in
emissions standards, and provides owners with the lowest total fuel costs.
Put these strategies to work, and you’ll save money on every truck in your fleet.
Volvo Trucks has a long history of fuel efficiency innovation. And since today’s fuel prices account for a large portion of your fleet’s
total operating costs, we’re constantly pioneering new strategies to help you reduce fuel consumption.
By saving fuel, you’ll save money. And you’ll do it truck after truck, mile after mile. Find out all the ways to maximize your savings and
profitability by contacting your Volvo dealer today.
Volvo Trucks North America
PO Box 26115
Greensboro, NC 27402-6115
Volvo Trucks Canada
2100 Derry Road West, Suite 410
Mississauga, ON L5N 0B3
www.volvotrucks.us.com
©2010 Volvo Group North America LLC
PV835-961
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement