Allied Telesis | AT-x510-52GTX | Installation guide | Allied Telesis AT-x510-52GTX Installation guide

x510 Series
Gigabit Ethernet Switches


AT-x510-28GTX
AT-x510-52GTX
Installation Guide for Stand-alone
Switches
613-001764 Rev. A
Copyright  2012 Allied Telesis, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesis, Inc.
Allied Telesis and the Allied Telesis logo are trademarks of Allied Telesis, Incorporated. All other product names, company names,
logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Allied Telesis, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior
written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesis, Inc. be liable for
any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related
to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesis, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the
possibility of such damages.
Electrical Safety and Emissions Standards
This product meets the following standards.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Radiated Energy
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device pursuant to Part 15
of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with this instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case
the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Note: Modifications or changes not expressly approved of by the manufacturer or the FCC, can void your right to operate
this equipment.
Industry Canada
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
RFI Emissions: FCC Class A, EN55022 Class A, EN61000-3-2, EN61000-3-3, VCCI Class A,
C-TICK, CE
Warning: In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case
the user may be required to take adequate measures.
EMC (Immunity): EN55024
Electrical Safety: EN60950-1 (TUV), UL 60950-1 (CULUS)
Laser Safety
EN60825
3
Translated Safety Statements
Important: Safety statements that have the  symbol are translated into multiple languages in the
Translated Safety Statements document at www.alliedtelesis.com/support.
4
Contents
Preface .............................................................................................................................................................................. 11
Document Conventions .......................................................................................................................................................12
Contacting Allied Telesis .....................................................................................................................................................13
Chapter 1: Overview ........................................................................................................................................................ 15
Features ..............................................................................................................................................................................16
x510 Models .................................................................................................................................................................16
10/100/1000 Mbps Twisted Pair Ports .........................................................................................................................16
SFP+ Slots ...................................................................................................................................................................16
Stacking Slots...............................................................................................................................................................17
LEDs.............................................................................................................................................................................17
Installation Options .......................................................................................................................................................17
MAC Address Table .....................................................................................................................................................17
Management Software and Interfaces .........................................................................................................................17
Management Methods..................................................................................................................................................17
Front and Rear Panels ........................................................................................................................................................19
Management Panel .............................................................................................................................................................21
10/100/1000Base-T Twisted Pair Ports ...............................................................................................................................22
Speed ...........................................................................................................................................................................22
Duplex Mode ................................................................................................................................................................22
Wiring Configuration .....................................................................................................................................................22
Maximum Distance .......................................................................................................................................................23
Cable Requirements.....................................................................................................................................................23
Port Pinouts ..................................................................................................................................................................23
SFP+ Slots...........................................................................................................................................................................24
Stacking SFP+ Slots............................................................................................................................................................25
eco-friendly Button...............................................................................................................................................................26
LEDs ....................................................................................................................................................................................27
LEDs for the Twisted Pair Ports ...................................................................................................................................27
LEDs for the SFP+ Slots ..............................................................................................................................................28
LEDs for the Stacking Slots..........................................................................................................................................29
Switch ID LED ..............................................................................................................................................................29
USB Port..............................................................................................................................................................................32
Console Port ........................................................................................................................................................................33
Power Supplies....................................................................................................................................................................34
Chapter 2: Beginning the Installation ............................................................................................................................ 35
Reviewing Safety Precautions .............................................................................................................................................36
Choosing a Site for the Switch ............................................................................................................................................40
Unpacking the Switch ..........................................................................................................................................................41
Chapter 3: Installing the Switch on a Table or in an Equipment Rack ....................................................................... 43
Installing the Switch on a Table or Desktop.........................................................................................................................44
Installing the Switch in an Equipment Rack.........................................................................................................................45
Chapter 4: Cabling the Networking Ports ...................................................................................................................... 49
Cabling the Twisted Pair Ports ............................................................................................................................................50
Installing SFP and SFP+ Transceivers................................................................................................................................52
Chapter 5: Powering On the Switch ............................................................................................................................... 57
Powering On the Switch ......................................................................................................................................................58
5
Contents
Monitoring the Initialization Processes ........................................................................................................................ 59
Configuring the Switch for Stand-alone Operations............................................................................................................ 62
Starting a Local Management Session ........................................................................................................................ 62
Disabling VCStack ....................................................................................................................................................... 64
Confirming the Status of the VCStack Feature............................................................................................................ 66
Specifying Ports in the Command Line Interface for Stand-alone Switches....................................................................... 68
Chapter 6: Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................................ 69
Appendix A: Technical Specifications ........................................................................................................................... 73
Physical Specifications ....................................................................................................................................................... 73
Environmental Specifications.............................................................................................................................................. 73
Power Specifications........................................................................................................................................................... 74
Certifications ....................................................................................................................................................................... 74
Quality and Reliability ......................................................................................................................................................... 75
RJ-45 Twisted Pair Port Pinouts ......................................................................................................................................... 75
RJ-45 Style Serial Console Port Pinouts ............................................................................................................................ 76
6
Figures
Figure 1: Front Panels of the x510 Series Switches.............................................................................................................19
Figure 2: Back Panel of the Switch.......................................................................................................................................20
Figure 3: x510 Series Management Panel ...........................................................................................................................21
Figure 4: LEDs for the 10/100/1000Base-T Ports.................................................................................................................27
Figure 5: SFP+ Slot LEDs ....................................................................................................................................................28
Figure 6: Switch ID LED .......................................................................................................................................................30
Figure 7: Switch ID LED .......................................................................................................................................................30
Figure 8: Switch ID LEDs in the Low Power Mode ...............................................................................................................31
Figure 9: Components of the x510 Series Switches.............................................................................................................41
Figure 10: Turning the Switch Upside Down ........................................................................................................................45
Figure 11: Removing the Rubber Feet .................................................................................................................................45
Figure 12: Attaching the Equipment Rack Brackets .............................................................................................................46
Figure 13: Attaching the Equipment Rack Brackets (Continued) .........................................................................................47
Figure 14: Mounting the Switch in an Equipment Rack ........................................................................................................47
Figure 15: Removing the Dust Plug from an SFP+ Slot .......................................................................................................53
Figure 16: Installing an SFP or SFP+ Transceiver ...............................................................................................................53
Figure 17: Removing the Dust Cover from an SFP or SFP+ Transceiver ............................................................................54
Figure 18: Positioning the SFP or SFP+ Handle in the Upright Position ..............................................................................54
Figure 19: Connecting a Fiber Optic Cable to an SFP or SFP+ Transceiver .......................................................................55
Figure 20: Plugging in the AC Power Cord...........................................................................................................................58
Figure 21: Switch Initialization Messages.............................................................................................................................59
Figure 22: Switch Initialization Messages (Continued) .........................................................................................................60
Figure 23: Switch Initialization Messages (Continued) .........................................................................................................61
Figure 24: Connecting the Management Cable to the Console Port ....................................................................................63
Figure 25: User Exec Mode Prompt .....................................................................................................................................64
Figure 26: SHOW STACK Command...................................................................................................................................64
Figure 27: Moving to the Global Configuration Mode ...........................................................................................................65
Figure 28: Confirmation Prompt for the NO STACK ENABLE Command ............................................................................65
Figure 29: Returning to the Privileged Exec Mode ...............................................................................................................65
Figure 30: Saving the Changes with the WRITE Command.................................................................................................66
Figure 31: Status of a Stacking Slot When VCStack is Disabled .........................................................................................67
Figure 32: Status of a Stacking Slot When VCStack is Enabled ..........................................................................................67
Figure 33: PORT Parameter in the Command Line Interface...............................................................................................68
Figure 34: RJ-45 Socket Pin Layout (Front View) ................................................................................................................75
7
Figures
8
Tables
Table 1: Twisted Pair Cable for the 10/100/1000Base-T Ports ...........................................................................................23
Table 2: Stacking Transceivers ...........................................................................................................................................25
Table 3: LEDs on the 10/100/1000Base-T Ports on the AT-x510-28GTX and AT-x510-52GTX Switches .........................28
Table 4: SFP+ Slot LEDs .....................................................................................................................................................29
Table 5: Stacking Slot LEDs ................................................................................................................................................29
Table 6: Product Dimensions ...............................................................................................................................................73
Table 7: Product Weights ....................................................................................................................................................73
Table 8: Ventilation Requirements .......................................................................................................................................73
Table 9: Environmental Specifications .................................................................................................................................73
Table 10: Maximum Power Consumptions ..........................................................................................................................74
Table 11: Input Voltages ......................................................................................................................................................74
Table 12: Product Certifications ...........................................................................................................................................74
Table 13: MTBF ...................................................................................................................................................................75
Table 14: Pin Signals for 10 and 100 Mbps .........................................................................................................................75
Table 15: Pin Signals for 1000 Mbps ...................................................................................................................................76
Table 16: RJ-45 Style Serial Console Port Pin Signals .......................................................................................................76
9
Tables
10
Preface
This guide contains the installation instructions for the x510 Series of
Layer 2+ and Basic Layer 3, Gigabit Ethernet switches. This preface
contains the following sections:

“Document Conventions” on page 12

“Contacting Allied Telesis” on page 13
Note
You can install the x510 Series switches as stand-alone devices or
in a stack configuration with Virtual Chassis Stacking (VCStack™).
This guide explains how to install the devices as stand-alone units.
For instructions on how to install a stack, refer to the x510 Series
Installation Guide for Virtual Chassis Stacking.
11
Preface
Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions:
Note
Notes provide additional information.
Caution
Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action
may result in equipment damage or loss of data.
Warning
Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action
may result in bodily injury.
12
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Contacting Allied Telesis
If you need assistance with this product, you may contact Allied Telesis
technical support by going to the Support & Services section of the Allied
Telesis web site at www.alliedtelesis.com/support. You can find links for
the following services on this page:

24/7 Online Support — Enter our interactive support center to
search for answers to your product questions in our knowledge
database, to check support tickets, to learn about RMAs, and to
contact Allied Telesis technical experts.

USA and EMEA phone support — Select the phone number that
best fits your location and customer type.

Hardware warranty information — Learn about Allied Telesis
warranties and register your product online.

Replacement Services — Submit a Return Merchandise
Authorization (RMA) request via our interactive support center.

Documentation — View the most recent installation and user
guides, software release notes, white papers, and data sheets for
your products.

Software Downloads — Download the latest software releases for
your managed products.
For sales or corporate information, go to www.alliedtelesis.com/
purchase and select your region.
13
Preface
14
Chapter 1
Overview
This chapter contains the following sections:

“Features” on page 16

“Front and Rear Panels” on page 19

“Management Panel” on page 21

“10/100/1000Base-T Twisted Pair Ports” on page 22

“SFP+ Slots” on page 24

“Stacking SFP+ Slots” on page 25

“eco-friendly Button” on page 26

“LEDs” on page 27

“USB Port” on page 32

“Console Port” on page 33

“Power Supplies” on page 34
Note
You can install the x510 Series switches as stand-alone devices or
in a stack configuration with Virtual Chassis Stacking (VCStack).
This guide explains how to install the devices as stand-alone units.
For instructions on how to install a stack, refer to the x510 Series
Installation Guide for Virtual Chassis Stacking.
15
Chapter 1: Overview
Features
Here are the switches and their features:
x510 Models
10/100/1000
Mbps Twisted
Pair Ports
SFP+ Slots
Here are the x510 Series switches:

AT-x510-28GTX

AT-x510-52GTX
Here are the basic features of the 10/100/1000 Mbps twisted pair ports:

24 or 48 ports per switch

10Base-T, 100Base-TX, and 1000Base-T compliant

IEEE 802.3u Auto-Negotiation compliant

Auto-MDI/MDIX

100 meters (328 feet) maximum operating distance

IEEE 802.3x flow control in 10/100Base-TX full-duplex mode

IEEE 802.3x backpressure in 10/100Base-TX half-duplex mode

IEEE 803.3z 1000Base-T flow control

Jumbo frames up to 13KB

RJ-45 connectors
Here are the basic features of the four SFP+ slots on the switches:

Supports 10Gbps, 10GBase-SR/LR fiber optic transceivers

Supports 10Gbps AT-SP10TW direct connect twinax cables with
SFP+ transceiver-style connectors

Supports 1000Base-SX/LX SFP transceivers

Supports single-port BiDi 1000Base-LX SFP transceivers

Supports 1000Base-ZX SFP transceivers
Note
The SFP+ slots do not support 100Mbps 100Base-FX transceivers.
Note
SFP and SFP+ transceivers must be purchased separately. For a
list of supported transceivers, contact your Allied Telesis distributor
or reseller.
16
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Note
SFP+ slots 27 and 28 on the AT-x510-28GTX Switch and slots 51
and 52 on the AT-x510-52GTX Switch are initially configured as
stacking slots for the VCStack feature. If you intend to use the switch
as a stand-alone unit, you must disable the VCStack feature before
you can use the slots with standard SFP or SFP+ transceivers. The
configuration instructions are provided later in this guide, in
“Configuring the Switch for Stand-alone Operations” on page 62.
Stacking Slots
LEDs
Installation
Options
MAC Address
Table
Management
Software and
Interfaces
Management
Methods
Two SFP+ slots can be used with special stacking transceivers to create a
VCStack of up to four switches that operate as a virtual switch. Here are
the basic features of the stacking slots on the x510 Series switches:

Two stacking slots per switch

40Gbps stacking bandwidth
Here are the port LEDs:

Duplex mode and link/activity LEDs for the twisted pair ports

Link/activity LEDs for the SFP+ slots

Stack ID number LED

eco-friendly button turns off the LEDs to conserve electricity
Here are the installation options for the switches:

19-inch equipment rack

Desk or tabletop
Here are the basic features of the MAC address tables of the switches:

Storage capacity of 16,000 dynamic MAC address entries

Storage capacity of 256 static MAC address entries

Automatic learning and aging
Here are the management software and interfaces:

AlliedWare Plus Management Software

Command line interface

Web browser interface
Here are the methods for managing the switches:

Local management through the Console port

Remote Telnet and Secure Shell management
17
Chapter 1: Overview
18

Remote HTTP and HTTPS web browser management

SNMPv1, v2c, and v3
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Front and Rear Panels
The front panels of the x510 Series switches are shown in Figure 1.
AT-x510-28GTX
10/100/1000Base-T Ports
Management
Panel
SFP+ Slots
SFP+ or
Stacking Slots
AT-x510-52GTX
10/100/1000Base-T Ports
Management
Panel
SFP+ Slots
SFP+ or
Stacking Slots
Figure 1. Front Panels of the x510 Series Switches
Figure 2 on page 20 shows the back panel.
19
Chapter 1: Overview
AC Power
Connector
(Power Supply 2)
AC Power
Connector
(Power Supply 1)
Figure 2. Back Panel of the Switch
20
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Management Panel
Figure 3 identifies the components in the management panels on the x510
Series switches.
Console
Management
Port
Switch
ID LED
eco-friendly
Button
USB Port
Figure 3. x510 Series Management Panel
21
Chapter 1: Overview
10/100/1000Base-T Twisted Pair Ports
The switches have 24 or 48 10/100/1000Base-T ports.
Speed
The ports can operate at 10, 100, or 1000 Mbps. The speeds may be set
manually using the management software or automatically with AutoNegotiation (IEEE 802.3u), the default setting.
Note
The ports must be set to Auto-Negotiation to function at 1000 Mbps
and are not compatible with devices that are not IEEE 802.3u
compliant.
Duplex Mode
The twisted pair ports can operate in either half- or full-duplex mode. The
duplex mode of a port, like port speed, may be set manually using the
management software or automatically with Auto-Negotiation (IEEE
802.3u), the default setting.
The speed and duplex mode settings of a port may be set independently
of each other. For example, a port may be configured such that its speed
is set manually while its duplex mode is established through AutoNegotiation.
Note
A switch port should not use Auto-Negotiation to set its duplex mode
if it is connected to a network device that does not support AutoNegotiation for 10 or 100 Mbps operation and has a fixed duplex
mode of full-duplex. Otherwise, a duplex-mode mismatch may occur
in which a switch port and a network device operate at different
duplex modes. The duplex modes of switch ports that are connected
to network devices that do not support Auto-Negotiation should be
set manually through the management software.
Wiring
Configuration
The wiring configuration of a port operating at 10 or 100 Mbps can be MDI
or MDI-X. The wiring configurations of a switch port and a network device
connected with straight-through twisted pair cabling have to be opposite,
such that one device is using MDI and the other MDI-X. For instance, a
switch port has to be set to MDI-X if it is connected to a network device set
to MDI.
You may set the wiring configurations of the ports manually or let the
switch configure them automatically with auto-MDI/MDI-X (IEEE 802.3abcompliant). This feature enables the switch to automatically negotiate with
network devices to establish their proper settings.
22
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
The MDI and MDI-X settings do not apply when ports are operating at
1000 Mbps.
Maximum
Distance
Cable
Requirements
The ports have a maximum operating distance of 100 meters (328 feet).
The cable requirements of the ports are given in Table 1.
Table 1. Twisted Pair Cable for the 10/100/1000Base-T Ports
Cable Type
Standard TIA/EIA 568-Bcompliant Category 3 shielded
or unshielded cabling with 100
ohm impedance and a
frequency of 16 MHz.
Port Pinouts
10Mbps
100Mbps
1000Mbps
Yes
Yes
No
Standard TIA/EIA 568-AYes
compliant Category 5 or TIA/
EIA 568-B-compliant Enhanced
Category 5 (Cat 5e) shielded or
unshielded cabling with 100
ohm impedance and a
frequency of 100 MHz.
Yes
Yes
Standard TIA/EIA 568-Bcompliant Category 6 or 6a
shielded cabling.
Yes
Yes
Yes
Refer to Table 14 on page 75 and Table 15 on page 76 for the port pinouts
of the 10/100/1000Base-T twisted pair ports.
23
Chapter 1: Overview
SFP+ Slots
The switches have four SFP+ slots that support the following types of SFP
1000Mbps and SFP+ 10Gbps transceivers:

1000Base-SX/LX SFP transceivers

Single-port BiDi 1000Base-LX SFP transceivers

1000Base-ZX SFP transceivers

10Gbps, 10GBase-SR/LR fiber optic transceivers

10Gbps AT-SP10TW direct connect twinax cables with SFP+
transceiver-style connectors
You may use the transceivers to connect switches to other network
devices over large distances, build high-speed backbone networks
between network devices, or connect high-speed devices, such as
servers, to your network.
The switches support a variety of short and long distance SFP and SFP+
modules. For a list of supported SFP modules, contact your Allied Telesis
representative or visit our web site.
Note
SFP+ slots 27 and 28 on the AT-x510-28GTX Switch and slots 51
and 52 on the AT-x510-52GTX Switch are initially configured as
stacking slots for the VCStack feature. If you intend to use the switch
as a stand-alone unit, you must disable the VCStack feature before
you can use the slots with standard SFP or SFP+ transceivers. The
configuration instructions are provided later in this guide, in
“Configuring the Switch for Stand-alone Operations” on page 62.
24
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Stacking SFP+ Slots
Two of the four SFP+ slots on the front panel of the switch can be used
with special stacking transceivers to create a VCStack of up to four
switches. The switches of a VCStack act as a single virtual unit. They
synchronize their actions so that switching operations, like spanning tree
protocols, virtual LANs, and static port trunks, span across all the units and
ports. The two main advantages of stacks are:

You can manage multiple units simultaneously, which can simplify
network management.

You have more flexibility in how you configure some of the
features. For instance, a static port trunk on a stand-alone switch
has to consist of ports from the same switch. In contrast, a static
trunk on a stack may consist of ports from different switches in the
same stack.
The slots for the stacking transceivers are SFP+ slots 27 and 28 on the
AT-x510-28GTX Switch and SFP+ slots 51 and 52 on the AT-x510-52GTX
Switch.
The stacking transceivers are listed in Table 2.
Table 2. Stacking Transceivers
Transceiver Model
Cable Type
Distance
AT-StackXS/1.0
Twisted pair
1 meter
AT-StackOP/0.3
Fiber optic
300 meters
AT-StackOP/9.0
Fiber optic
9 kilometers
Note
This guide explains how to install the devices as stand-alone units.
For instructions on how to install the switches in a stack, refer to the
x510 Series Installation Guide for Virtual Chassis Stacking.
25
Chapter 1: Overview
eco-friendly Button
You may turn off the port LEDs to conserve electricity when you are not
monitoring the switch. The LEDs are toggled with the eco-friendly button
on the front panel of the switch or the ECOFRIENDLY LED and NO
ECOFRIENDLY LED commands in the Global Configuration mode of the
command line interface. The switch is said to be operating in a low power
mode when the LEDs are turned off.
Operating the switch in the low power mode with the LEDs turned off does
not interfere with the network operations of the device.
The Switch ID LED is always on, but it displays different information
depending on whether the LEDs are on or off. When the LEDs are on, the
ID LED displays the switches ID number. When the switch is operating in
the low power mode with the LEDs off, the LED indicates whether the
switch is a stand-alone unit or the master or member switch of a VCStack,
as detailed in Figure 8 on page 31.
Note
Before checking or troubleshooting the network connections to the
ports on the switch, you should always check to be sure that the
LEDs are on by either pressing the eco-friendly button or issuing the
ECOFRIENDLY LED and NO ECOFRIENDLY LED commands in
the Global Configuration mode of the command line interface.
26
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
LEDs
Here are descriptions of the LEDs.
LEDs for the
Twisted Pair
Ports
Each twisted pair port on the AT-x510-28GTX and AT-x510-52GTX
Switches has two LEDs that display link, activity and duplex mode
information. The LEDs are shown in Figure 4.
Link/Activity
LED
Duplex Mode
LED
Link/Activity
LED
Duplex Mode
LED
Figure 4. LEDs for the 10/100/1000Base-T Ports
The LEDs are described in Table 3 on page 28.
27
Chapter 1: Overview
Table 3. LEDs on the 10/100/1000Base-T Ports on the AT-x510-28GTX
and AT-x510-52GTX Switches
LED
Link/
Activity
LED
Duplex
Mode
LED
LEDs for the
SFP+ Slots
State
Description
Solid Green
A port has established an 1000 Mbps link to
a network device.
Flashing
Green
A port is transmitting or receiving data at
1000 Mbps.
Solid Amber
A port has established a 10 or 100 Mbps
link to a network device.
Flashing
Amber
A port is transmitting or receiving data at 10
or 100 Mbps.
Off
A port has not established a link with
another network device or the LEDs are
turned off. To turn on the LEDs, use the
eco-friendly button.
Green
A port is operating in full duplex mode.
Amber
A port is operating in half-duplex mode at 10
or 100 Mbps. (Half-duplex mode does not
apply to 1000 Mbps operation.)
Flashing
Amber
Collisions are occurring on a port operating
at 10 or 100 Mbps.
The LEDs for the SFP+ slots are located between the slots, as shown in
Figure 5. Each SFP+ slot has one LED. The left-hand LED is for the top
slot and the right-hand LED is for the bottom slot.
SFP+ Slot LEDs
Figure 5. SFP+ Slot LEDs
28
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
The LEDs are described in Table 4.
Table 4. SFP+ Slot LEDs
LED
Link/Activity
LEDs for the
Stacking Slots
State
Description
Off
The slot is empty, the SFP or SFP+
transceiver has not established a link to a
network device, or the LEDs are turned
off. To turn on the LEDs, use the ecofriendly button.
Solid green
The SFP or SFP+ transceiver has
established a link at 1000 Mbps or 10
Gbps to a network device.
Flashing
green
The SFP+ transceiver is receiving or
transmitting packets to a network device
at 10 Gbps. (The LED does not flash for
activity at 1000 Mbps.).
SFP+ slots 27 and 28 on the AT-x510-28GTX Switch and slots 51 and 52
on the AT-x510-52GTX Switch may be used as stacking slots to build a
VCStack of up to four switches. For background information, refer to the
x510 Series Installation Guide for Virtual Chassis Stacking. Table 5
defines the LED states when the slots contain stacking transceivers.
Table 5. Stacking Slot LEDs
LED
Link/Activity
Switch ID LED
State
Description
Off
The slot is empty, the stacking transceiver
has not established a link to a network
device, or the LEDs are turned off. To turn
on the LEDs, use the eco-friendly button.
Solid green
The stacking transceiver has established
a link at 10 Gbps to another switch in the
stack.
Flashing
green
The stacking transceiver is receiving or
transmitting packets.
The Switch ID LED, shown in Figure 6 on page 30, displays the ID number
of the switch. A stand-alone switch has the ID number 0. Switches in a
VCStack have the numbers 1 to 4. Chapter 5, “Powering On the Switch”
on page 57 has the procedure for verifying and, if necessary, changing the
ID number of the switch.
29
Chapter 1: Overview
Switch
ID LED
Figure 6. Switch ID LED
The states of the LED when the switch is not operating in the low power
mode are shown in Figure 7.
The switch is booting up.
The switch has encountered a fault condition.
The switch is operating as a stand-alone unit, with the ID
number 0.
The switch has an ID number of 1 to 4 as part of a VCStack.
The dot in the lower right corner flashes when the switch
accesses USB memory.
Figure 7. Switch ID LED
The switch displays the letter “F” for fault on the ID LED if it encounters
one of the following problems:
30

A cooling fan has failed.

One of the power supplies has failed.

The internal temperature of the switch has exceeded the normal
operating range and the switch may shut down.
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Note
You can use the SHOW SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT command in the
command line interface to identify the source of the problem.
The states of the LED when the switch is operating in the low power mode
are shown in Figure 8.
The switch is the master switch of a VCStack.
The switch is operating as a stand-alone unit.
The switch is a member switch of a VCStack.
Figure 8. Switch ID LEDs in the Low Power Mode
31
Chapter 1: Overview
USB Port
The management panel has a USB port. You may use the port to store
configuration files on flash drives and to restore the files to switches
whose settings have been lost or corrupted, or to quickly configure
replacement units. You may also use the port and flash drives to update
the management firmware on the switches.
The port is USB2.0 compatible.
32
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Console Port
The Console port is used to establish a management session with the
switch to configure its features and parameter settings. This type of
management uses serial RS-232 and is commonly referred to as local or
out-of-band management because it is not conducted over your network.
To perform local management, you must be at the location of the switch
and must use the management cable included with the switch.
To establish a local management session with the switch, connect a
terminal or a personal computer with a terminal emulation program to the
Console port, which has an RJ-45 style (8P8C) connector, using the
provided management cable. The cable has RJ-45 RJ-style (8P8C) and
DB-9 (D-sub 9-pin) connectors.
The Console port is set to the following specifications:

Default baud rate: 9600 bps (Range is 9600 to 115200 bps)

Data bits: 8

Parity: None

Stop bits: 1

Flow control: None
Note
These settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal, or an
equivalent terminal emulation program.
33
Chapter 1: Overview
Power Supplies
The x510 Series switches have two AC power supplies with separate AC
connectors on the back panels. The power supplies, which are not fieldreplaceable, provide a switch with power redundancy and protect against
interruptions to network operations in the event one of the power supplies
loses power or fails. Power redundancy is available only when both AC
connectors on a switch are connected to power sources.
Refer to “Technical Specifications” on page 73 for the input voltage range.
Warning
Power cord is used as a disconnection device. To de-energize
equipment, disconnect the power cord.  E3
Warning
This unit might have more than one power cord. To reduce the risk
of electric shock, disconnect all power cords before servicing the
unit.  E30
Note
The switches are powered on or off by connecting or disconnecting
the power cords.
34
Chapter 2
Beginning the Installation
The chapter contains the following sections:

“Reviewing Safety Precautions” on page 36

“Choosing a Site for the Switch” on page 40

“Unpacking the Switch” on page 41
35
Chapter 2: Beginning the Installation
Reviewing Safety Precautions
Please review the following safety precautions before beginning the
installation procedure.
Note
Safety statements that have the  symbol are translated into
multiple languages in the Translated Safety Statements document at
www.alliedtelesis.com/support.
Warning
Class 1 Laser product.  L1
Warning
Do not stare into the laser beam.  L2
Warning
Do not look directly at the fiber optic cable ends or inspect the cable
ends with an optical lens.  L6
Warning
To prevent electric shock, do not remove the cover. No userserviceable parts inside. This unit contains hazardous voltages and
should only be opened by a trained and qualified technician. To
avoid the possibility of electric shock, disconnect electric power to
the product before connecting or disconnecting the LAN cables. 
E1
Warning
Do not work on equipment or cables during periods of lightning
activity.  E2
Warning
Power cord is used as a disconnection device. To de-energize
equipment, disconnect the power cord.  E3
36
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Warning
Class I Equipment. This equipment must be earthed. The power
plug must be connected to a properly wired earth ground socket
outlet. An improperly wired socket outlet could place hazardous
voltages on accessible metal parts.  E4
Note
Pluggable Equipment. The socket outlet shall be installed near the
equipment and shall be easily accessible.  E5
Caution
Air vents must not be blocked and must have free access to the
room ambient air for cooling.  E6
Warning
Operating Temperatures. All the switches are designed for a
maximum ambient temperature of 45° degrees C.
Note
All Countries: Install product in accordance with local and National
Electrical Codes.  E8
Warning
Only trained and qualified personnel are allowed to install or replace
this equipment.  E14
Caution
Circuit Overloading: Consideration should be given to the
connection of the equipment to the supply circuit and the effect that
overloading of circuits might have on overcurrent protection and
supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of equipment nameplate
ratings should be used when addressing this concern.  E21
37
Chapter 2: Beginning the Installation
Caution
Risk of explosion if battery is replaced by an incorrect type. Replace
only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the
manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
Attention: Le remplacement de la batterie par une batterie de type
incorrect peut provoquer un danger d’explosion. La remplacer
uniquement par une batterie du même type ou de type équivalent
recommandée par le constructeur. Les batteries doivent être
éliminées conformément aux instructions du constructeur.  E22
Warning
Mounting of the equipment in the rack should be such that a
hazardous condition is not created due to uneven mechanical
loading.  E25
Note
Use dedicated power circuits or power conditioners to supply
reliable electrical power to the device.  E27
Warning
This unit might have more than one power cord. To reduce the risk
of electric shock, disconnect all power cords before servicing the
unit.  E30
Note
If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the operating
ambient temperature of the rack environment may be greater than
the room ambient temperature. Therefore, consideration should be
given to installing the equipment in an environment compatible with
the manufacturer’s maximum rated ambient temperature (Tmra). 
E35
Caution
Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the
amount of air flow required for safe operation of the equipment is not
compromised.  E36
38
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Warning
Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment should be maintained.
Particular attention should be given to supply connections other than
direct connections to the branch circuits (e.g., use of power strips).
 E37
Caution
The unit does not contain serviceable components. Please return
damaged units for servicing.  E42
Warning
When you remove an SFP module from this product, the case
temperature of the SFP may exceed 40° C (158° F). Exercise
caution when handling with unprotected hands.  E43
39
Chapter 2: Beginning the Installation
Choosing a Site for the Switch
Observe these requirements when planning the installation of the switch.

If you plan to install the switch in an equipment rack, check to be
sure that the rack is safely secured so that it will not tip over.
Devices in a rack should be installed starting at the bottom, with
the heavier devices near the bottom of the rack.

If you plan to install the switch on a table, check to be sure that the
table is level and stable.

The power outlet should be located near the switch and be easily
accessible.

The site should allow for easy access to the ports on the front of
the switch, so that you can easily connect and disconnect cables,
and view the port LEDs.

The site should allow for adequate air flow around the unit and
through the cooling vents on the front and rear panels. (The
ventilation direction in units that have a cooling fan is from front to
back, with the fan on the back panel drawing the air out of the unit.)

The site should not expose the switch to moisture or water.

The site should be a dust-free environment.

The site should include dedicated power circuits or power
conditioners to supply reliable electrical power to the network
devices.

Do not install the switch in a wiring or utility box because it will
overheat and fail from inadequate airflow.
Warning
Switches should not be stacked on top of one another on a table or
desktop because that could present a personal safety hazard if you
need to move or replace switches.
40
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Unpacking the Switch
Figure 9 lists the items that come with the switch. If any item is missing or
damaged, contact your Allied Telesis sales representative for assistance.
One 2 m (6.6 ft) local management cable with
RJ-45 (8P8C) and DB-9 (D-sub 9-pin)
connectors.
Two rack mounting brackets
Two regional AC power cords
Eight bracket screws
Figure 9. Components of the x510 Series Switches
Note
You should retain the original packaging material in the event you
need to return the unit to Allied Telesis.
41
Chapter 2: Beginning the Installation
42
Chapter 3
Installing the Switch on a Table or in an
Equipment Rack
The procedures in this chapter are:

“Installing the Switch on a Table or Desktop” on page 44

“Installing the Switch in an Equipment Rack” on page 45
43
Chapter 3: Installing the Switch on a Table or in an Equipment Rack
Installing the Switch on a Table or Desktop
You may install the switch on a table or desktop. Here are the guidelines
to selecting a site:

The table should be level and stable.

The power outlet should be located near the switch and be easily
accessible.

The site should allow for easy access to the ports on the front of
the switch, so that you can easily connect and disconnect cables,
and view the port LEDs.

The site should allow for adequate air flow around the unit and
through the cooling vents on the front and rear panels. (The
ventilation direction in units that have a cooling fan is from front to
back, with the fans on the back panels drawing the air out of the
units.)

The site should not expose the switch to moisture or water.

The site should be a dust-free environment.

The site should include dedicated power circuits or power
conditioners to supply reliable electrical power to the network
devices.

The rubber feet on the bottom of the switch should be left on for
table or desktop installation.
Warning
Do not stack switches on top of one another on a table or desktop
because that could present a personal safety hazard if you need to
move or replace switches.
After placing the switch on the table or desktop, go to Chapter 4, “Cabling
the Networking Ports” on page 49 to connect the network cables to the
ports on the switch.
44
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Installing the Switch in an Equipment Rack
This procedure requires the following items:

Eight bracket screws (included with the switch)

Two equipment rack brackets (included with the switch)

Flat-head screwdriver (not provided)

Cross-head screwdriver (not provided)

Four standard equipment rack screws (not provided)
Installation guidelines may be found in “Choosing a Site for the Switch” on
page 40. Here is the procedure for installing the switch in a 19-inch
equipment rack.
Caution
The chassis may be heavy and awkward to lift. Allied Telesis
recommends that you get assistance when mounting the chassis in
an equipment rack.  E28
1. Place the unit upside down on a level, secure surface.
Figure 10. Turning the Switch Upside Down
2. Using a flat-head screwdriver, pry the rubber feet from the bottom of
the switch.
Figure 11. Removing the Rubber Feet
45
Chapter 3: Installing the Switch on a Table or in an Equipment Rack
3. Turn the switch over.
4. Attach the two rack mount brackets to the sides of the switch using the
eight bracket screws included with the unit. Figure 12 on page 46 and
Figure 13 on page 47 illustrate the four possible bracket positions.
Figure 12. Attaching the Equipment Rack Brackets
46
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Figure 13. Attaching the Equipment Rack Brackets (Continued)
5. While another person holds the switch in the equipment rack, secure it
using standard equipment rack screws (not provided), as shown in
Figure 14.
Figure 14. Mounting the Switch in an Equipment Rack
Go to Chapter 4, “Cabling the Networking Ports” on page 49, to connect
the network cables to the ports on the switch.
47
Chapter 3: Installing the Switch on a Table or in an Equipment Rack
48
Chapter 4
Cabling the Networking Ports
This chapter contains the following procedures:

“Cabling the Twisted Pair Ports” on page 50

“Installing SFP and SFP+ Transceivers” on page 52
49
Chapter 4: Cabling the Networking Ports
Cabling the Twisted Pair Ports
Here are the guidelines to cabling the 10/100/1000Base-T twisted pair
ports:
50

The cable specifications for the 10/100/1000Base-T twisted pair
ports are listed in Table 1 on page 23.

The connectors on the cables should fit snugly into the ports, and
the tabs should lock the connectors into place.

The default setting for the wiring configurations of the ports is autoMDI/MDI-X. The default setting is appropriate for switch ports that
are connected to 10/100Base-TX network devices that also
support auto-MDI/MDI-X.

The default auto-MDI/MDI-X setting is not appropriate for switch
ports that are connected to 10/100Base-TX network devices that
do not support auto-MDI/MDI-X and have a fixed wiring
configuration. For switch ports connected to those types of network
devices, you should disable auto-MDI/MDI-X and set the wiring
configurations manually.

The appropriate MDI/MDI-X setting for a switch port connected to a
10/100Base-TX network device with a fixed wiring configuration
depends on the setting of the network device and whether the
switch and network device are connected with straight-through or
crossover cable. If you are using straight-through twisted pair
cable, the wiring configurations of a port on the switch and a port
on a network device must be opposite each other, such that one
port uses MDI and the other MDI-X. For example, if a network
device has a fixed wiring configuration of MDI, you must disable
auto-MDI/MDI-X on the corresponding switch port and manually
set it to MDI-X. If you are using crossover twisted pair cable, the
wiring configurations of a port on the switch and a port on a
network device must be the same.

The default speed setting for the ports is Auto-Negotiation. This
setting is appropriate for ports connected to network devices that
also support Aut-Negotiation.

The default speed setting of Auto-Negotiation is not appropriate for
ports connected to 10/100Base-TX network devices that do not
support Auto-Negotiation and have fixed speeds. For those switch
ports, you should disable Auto-Negotiation and set the port’s
speed manually to match the speeds of the network devices.

The 10/100/1000Base-T ports must be set to Auto-Negotiation, the
default setting, to operate at 1000Mbps.

The default duplex mode setting for the ports is Auto-Negotiation.
This setting is appropriate for ports connected to network devices
that also support Auto-Negotiation for duplex modes.
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches

The default duplex mode setting of Auto-Negotiation is not
appropriate for ports connected to network devices that do not
support Auto-Negotiation and have a fixed duplex mode. You
should disable Auto-Negotiation on those ports and set their duplex
modes manually to avoid the possibility of duplex mode
mismatches. A switch port using Auto-Negotiation defaults to halfduplex if it detects that the end node is not using Auto-Negotiation,
which can result in a mismatch if the end node is operating at a
fixed duplex mode of full-duplex.

Do not attach cables to ports of static or LACP port trunks until
after you have configured the trunks on the switch. Otherwise, the
ports will form network loops that can adversely affect network
performance.
51
Chapter 4: Cabling the Networking Ports
Installing SFP and SFP+ Transceivers
Review the following guidelines before installing SFP or SFP+
transceivers in the switch:

SFP and SFP+ transceivers are hot-swappable. You may install
them while the chassis is powered on.

Your Allied Telesis sales representative can provide you with a list
of supported transceivers for the line cards.

The operational specifications and fiber optic cable requirements
of the transceivers are provided in the documents included with the
devices.

You should install a transceiver before connecting the fiber optic
cable.

Fiber optic transceivers are dust sensitive. Always keep the plug in
the optical bores when a fiber optic cable is not installed, or when
you store the transceiver. When you do remove the plug, keep it
for future use.

Unnecessary removal and insertion of a transceiver can lead to
premature failure.
Warning
A transceiver can be damaged by static electricity. Be sure to
observe all standard electrostatic discharge (ESD) precautions,
such as wearing an antistatic wrist strap, to avoid damaging the
device.
Note
SFP+ slots 27 and 28 on the AT-x510-28GTX Switch and slots 51
and 52 on the AT-x510-52GTX Switch are initially configured as
stacking slots for the VCStack feature. If you intend to use the switch
as a stand-alone unit, you must disable the VCStack feature before
you can use the slots with standard SFP or SFP+ transceivers. For
instructions, refer to Chapter 5, “Powering On the Switch” on page
57.
To install an SFP or SFP+ transceiver, perform the following procedure:
1. Remove the dust plug from a transceiver slot on the switch. Refer to
Figure 15 on page 53.
52
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Figure 15. Removing the Dust Plug from an SFP+ Slot
2. Remove the transceiver from its shipping container and store the
packaging material in a safe location.
3. If you are installing the transceiver in a top slot, position the transceiver
with the Allied Telesis label facing up. If you are installing the
transceiver in a bottom slot, position the transceiver with the label
facing down.
4. Slide the transceiver into the slot until it clicks into place, as shown in
Figure 16.
Figure 16. Installing an SFP or SFP+ Transceiver
53
Chapter 4: Cabling the Networking Ports
Note
If you are ready to attach the fiber optic cable to the transceiver,
continue with the next step. Otherwise, repeat steps 1 to 4 to install
the remaining SFP or SFP+ transceivers in the line cards.
5. Remove the dust cover from the transceiver, as shown in Figure 17 on
page 54.
Figure 17. Removing the Dust Cover from an SFP or SFP+ Transceiver
6. Verify the position of the handle on the SFP transceiver. If the
transceiver is in a top slot, the handle should be in the upright position,
as shown in Figure 18. If the transceiver is in a bottom slot, the handle
should be in the down position.
SFP Handle
Figure 18. Positioning the SFP or SFP+ Handle in the Upright Position
54
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
7. Connect the fiber optic cable to the transceiver, as shown in Figure 19.
The connector on the cable should fit snugly into the port, and the tab
should lock the connector into place.
Figure 19. Connecting a Fiber Optic Cable to an SFP or SFP+ Transceiver
8. Repeat this procedure to install additional transceivers.
55
Chapter 4: Cabling the Networking Ports
56
Chapter 5
Powering On the Switch
This chapter contains the following procedures:

“Powering On the Switch” on page 58

“Configuring the Switch for Stand-alone Operations” on page 62

“Specifying Ports in the Command Line Interface for Stand-alone
Switches” on page 68
57
Chapter 5: Powering On the Switch
Powering On the Switch
To power on the switch, connect the power cords to the connectors on the
back panels and to the appropriate power sources. All the models have
two power supplies with separate connectors.
Figure 20. Plugging in the AC Power Cord
Consider the following items as you power on the switch:

Connecting the two power cords to power sources that are on
different circuits will provide power redundancy to the switch in the
event a circuit fails.

Refer to “Power Specifications” on page 74 for the power
specifications of the switches.
Warning
Power cord is used as a disconnection device. To de-energize
equipment, disconnect the power cord.  E3
Note
Pluggable Equipment. The socket outlet shall be installed near the
equipment and shall be easily accessible.  E5
58
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Monitoring the
Initialization
Processes
It takes about thirty seconds for the switch to initialize its management
software programs and features, and load the default configuration. You
may monitor the progress of the initialization process by watching the
switch ID LED. It displays the number “8” for about the first 15 seconds
and then displays the number “1.”
You may also monitor the bootup sequence by connecting a terminal or
computer that has a terminal emulator program, to the Console port on the
master switch. You will see the messages in Figure 21 here to Figure 23
on page 61.
Bootloader 2.0.11 loaded
Press <Ctrl+B> for the Boot Menu
Reading filesystem...
Loading flash:x510-5.4.2a-20120727-1.rel...
Verifying release... OK
Booting...
Starting base/first...
[
OK
]
Mounting virtual filesystems...
[
OK
]
______________
/\ \
/
/
/
/ /______\
\ \_
\ |
\ \
____
__/ /| ______ |
|
/
/ /
| ______ |
\ ____ /
/______/\____\ \/ /____________/
Allied Telesis Inc.
AlliedWare Plus (TM) v5.4.2A
Current release filename: x510-5.4.2a-20120727-1.rel
Original release filename: x510-5.4.2A-20120727-1.rel
Built: Fri Jul 27 04:11:42 NZST 2012 by: maker@maker04-build
Mounting static filesystems...
[
OK
]
Checking flash filesystem...
[
OK
]
Mounting flash filesystem...
[
OK
]
Checking NVS filesystem...
[
OK
]
Mounting NVS filesystem...
[
OK
]
Starting base/dbus...
[
OK
]
Starting base/syslog...
[
OK
]
Figure 21. Switch Initialization Messages
59
Chapter 5: Powering On the Switch
Starting base/loopback...
[
OK
]
Starting base/poe_done...
[
OK
]
Starting base/sysctl...
[
OK
]
[
OK
]
Starting base/reboot-stability...
[
OK
]
Starting base/autofs-card...
[
OK
]
Checking system reboot stability...
[
OK
]
Starting base/cron...
[
OK
]
Starting base/appmond...
[
OK
]
Starting hardware/openhpi...
[
OK
]
Starting hardware/timeout...
[
OK
]
Starting base/inet...
[
OK
]
Starting base/modules...
[
OK
]
Starting network/startup...
[
OK
]
Starting network/stackd...
[
OK
]
Starting network/election.timeout...
[
OK
]
Received event poefw.done
Starting base/portmapper...
Received event syslog.done
Received event modules.done
Received event board.inserted
Received event hardware.done
Received event network.enabled
Initializing HA processes:
openhpid, hostd, cntrd, nsm, auth, epsr, hsl
imiproxyd, irdpd, lldpd, loopprot, mstp, ospf6d, ripd
ripngd, rmon, sflowd, udldd, vrrpd, bgpd, imi
lacp, ospfd, pdmd, pimd
Received event network.initialized
03:44:11 awplus-1 VCS[826]: No neighboring members found, unit may be in a
stand alone configuration
03:44:11 awplus-1 VCS[826]: Startup speed can be improved by adding 'no stack
1
enable' to configuration
Received event vcs.elected-master
03:44:11 awplus-1 VCS[826]: Member 1 (0015.774f.ed30) has become the Active
Master
Figure 22. Switch Initialization Messages (Continued)
60
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Assigning Active Workload to HA processes:
hsl, nsm, rmond, sflowd, vrrpd, irdpd, lacpd
lldpd, loopprotd, mstpd, authd, epsrd, imi, imiproxyd
Received event network.activated
Loading default configuration
Warning: flash:/default.cfg does not exist, loading factory defaults.
..
done!
Received event network.configured
awplus login:
Figure 23. Switch Initialization Messages (Continued)
After the switch has initialized its management software, go to
“Configuring the Switch for Stand-alone Operations” on page 62 to confirm
its ID number.
61
Chapter 5: Powering On the Switch
Configuring the Switch for Stand-alone Operations
After the switch has initialized its management software, examine the
switch ID LED on the front panel and do one of the following:

If the LED is displaying “0,” the installation procedure is complete.
The switch is now ready for network operations as a stand-alone
unit. Refer to the Software Reference for x510 Series Switches,
AlliedWare Plus Operating System, for instructions on how to
configure the operating parameters.

If the LED is displaying a number other than “0,” perform the
following procedures to disable the VCStack feature.
You can disable the VCStack feature from a local management session of
the switch using the Console port. To start a local management session,
go to “Starting a Local Management Session,” next.
Caution
You have to reset the switch as part of the procedure to disabling
the VCStack feature. Some network traffic may be lost if the device
is already connected to a live network.
Note
The initial management session of the switch must be from the
Console port.
Starting a Local
Management
Session
This procedure requires a terminal or a terminal emulator program and
the management cable that comes with the switch. To start a local
management session on the switch, perform the following procedure:
1. Connect the RJ-45 connector on the management cable to the
Console port on the front panel of the switch, as shown in Figure 24 on
page 63.
62
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Figure 24. Connecting the Management Cable to the Console Port
2. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or
PC with a terminal emulator program.
3. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows:

Baud rate: 9600 bps (The baud rate of the Console Port is
adjustable from 1200 to 115200 bps. The default is 9600 bps.)

Data bits: 8

Parity: None

Stop bits: 1

Flow control: None
Note
The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal, or an
equivalent terminal emulator program.
4. Press Enter.
You are prompted for a user name and password.
5. When prompted for a user name, go to “Disabling VCStack” on
page 64.
6. When prompted for a user name, go to “Disabling VCStack,” next.
63
Chapter 5: Powering On the Switch
Disabling
VCStack
To disable the VCStack feature to use the switch as stand-alone unit,
perform the following procedure:
Caution
Disabling the VCStack feature requires resetting the switch. If the
switch is already connected to a live network, some network traffic
may be lost.
1. When prompted, enter a user name and password to log on the
switch. If this is the initial management session of the switch, enter
“manager” as the user name and “friend” as the password. The user
name and password are case sensitive.
The local management session starts when the User Exec mode
prompt, shown in Figure 25. is displayed.
awplus>
Figure 25. User Exec Mode Prompt
Note
The User Exec mode is the first level in the command mode
interface. For complete information on the modes and commands,
refer to the Software Reference for x510 Series Switches,
AlliedWare Plus Operating System from www.alliedtelesis.com.
2. Enter the SHOW STACK command to display the status of the
VCStack feature. Figure 26 is an example of the command.
awplus> show stack
Virtual Chassis Stacking summary information
ID
1
Pending ID
-
MAC address
0015:774f:ed30
Operational Status
Stack MAC address
Priority
128
Status
Ready
Role
Active Master
Standalone Unit
0015:774f:ed30
awplus(config)#
Figure 26. SHOW STACK Command
3. Review the following items:

64
If the Operational Status is “Stacking Hardware Disabled,” the
VCStack feature is already disabled on the switch and the SFP+
stacking slots may be used with regular SFP or SFP+ transceivers.
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches

If the Operational Status is “Standalone Unit,” as shown in Figure
26 on page 64, the VCStack feature is active on the unit. You must
disable it by performing the steps in the rest of this procedure
before you can use the SFP+ stacking slots with regular SFP or
SFP+ transceivers. The reason the status says “standalone” is
because the switch considers itself a stack of one switch.
4. Move to the Global Configuration mode by entering the ENABLE and
CONFIGURE TERMINAL commands, as shown in Figure 27.
awplus> enable
awplus# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z
awplus(config)#
Figure 27. Moving to the Global Configuration Mode
5. To. disable the VCStack feature on the switch, enter the NO STACK
ENABLE command, which has this format:
no stack id enable
The ID parameter is the ID number of the switch, displayed on the ID
LED. Replace the parameter with whatever number is on the ID LED.
For example, if the ID number of the switch is 1, the default value,
enter the command as follows:
awplus(config)# no stack 1 enable
This confirmation prompt in Figure 28 is displayed.
Warning; This will disable the stacking hardware on member-1.
Are you sure you want to continue? (y/n):
Figure 28. Confirmation Prompt for the NO STACK ENABLE Command
6. Type Y to disable VCStack on the switch or N to cancel the procedure.
7. Enter the EXIT command to return to the Privileged Exec mode, as
shown in Figure 29.
awplus(config)# exit
awplus#
Figure 29. Returning to the Privileged Exec Mode
8. Enter the WRITE command to save your change in the configuration
file. The switch displays the confirmation prompt in Figure 30 on page
66.
65
Chapter 5: Powering On the Switch
awplus# write
Building configuration ...
[OK]
awplus#
Figure 30. Saving the Changes with the WRITE Command
9. Enter the REBOOT command to reboot the switch.
10. At the confirmation prompt, type “Y” for yes.
11. Wait for the switch to initialize its management software and
afterwards examine the Switch ID LED. The switch is ready for normal
network operations as a stand-alone unit when its ID number is “0.”
Refer to the Software Reference for x510 Series Switches, AlliedWare
Plus Operating System, for instructions on how to configure the
operating parameters. If the number is not “0,” repeat this procedure.
Confirming the
Status of the
VCStack Feature
Another way to confirm that VCStack is disabled on the switch is by
displaying the status of the last two SFP+ slots on the switch. These are
slots 27 and 28 on the AT-x510-28GTX Switch and slots 51 and 52 on the
AT-x510-52GTX Switch. If VCStack is disabled, you should be able to
display the status of the slots even when they do not have transceivers. If
VCStack is not disabled, the switch displays a message that it cannot find
the slots. To view the status of the stacking slots, perform this procedure:
1. Start a management session on the switch. For directions, refer to
“Configuring the Switch for Stand-alone Operations” on page 62.
2. Log on to the switch. The default user name is “manager” and the
password is “friend”.
3. From either the User Exec mode or Privileged Exec mode, enter the
SHOW INTERFACE command to display the status of one of the last
two SFP+ slots on the switch. For example, for the AT-x510-28GTX
Switch, enter this command to view the status of slot 27:
show interface port1.0.27
4. For the AT-x510-52GTX Switch, enter this command to view the status
of slot 51:
show interface port1.0.51
If VCStack is disabled, the switch displays the status of the designated
slot. An example is shown in Figure 31 on page 67.
66
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
awplus>show interface port1.0.51
Interface port1.0.51
Scope: both
Link is DOWN, administrative state is UP
Thrash-limiting
Status Not Detected, Action learn-disable, Timeout 1(s)
Hardware is Ethernet, address is 0015.774f.ed30
index 5051 metric 1 mru 1500
configured duplex auto, configured speed auto, configured polarity auto
<UP,BROADCAST,MULTICAST>
SNMP link-status traps: Disabled
input packets 0, bytes 0, dropped 0, multicast packets 0
output packets 0, bytes 0, multicast packets 0 broadcast packets 0
Time since last state change: 0 days 00:42:49
Figure 31. Status of a Stacking Slot When VCStack is Disabled
The switch displays the message in Figure 32 on page 67 if VCStack is
not disabled, in which case you need to disable it by performing the
commands in “Disabling VCStack” on page 64.
awplus# show interface port1.0.51
%Can’t find interface port1.0.51
awplus#
Figure 32. Status of a Stacking Slot When VCStack is Enabled
67
Chapter 5: Powering On the Switch
Specifying Ports in the Command Line Interface for Stand-alone
Switches
The command line interface in the management software on the switch
has a parameter that you use to specify the individual ports. The
parameter is the PORT parameter and Figure 33 shows its format.
port1.0.n
Stack ID
Module ID
Port Number
Figure 33. PORT Parameter in the Command Line Interface
The first number is the switch’s ID number. The ID number for stand-alone
switches is not the value 0 displayed on the Switch ID LEDs. Rather, it is
1. Be sure to enter 1, not 0, as the ID number in the PORT parameter
when configuring ports on stand-alone switches.
The module ID value is used with multi-module products. This value does
not apply to the x510 Series switches and should always be 0.
The third value is a port number on the switch. You may specify only one
port number in a PORT parameter, but you may specify more than one
PORT parameter in many commands where the parameter is supported.
Here is an example of the PORT parameter on a stand-alone switch. It
uses the INTERFACE command to enter the Port Interface mode for ports
15 and 17:
awplus> enable
awplus# configure terminal
awplus(config)# interface port1.0.15,port1.0.17
For instructions on the command line interface and the PORT parameter,
refer to the Software Reference for x510 Series Switches, AlliedWare Plus
Operating System.
68
Chapter 6
Troubleshooting
This chapter contains suggestions on how to troubleshoot the switch if a
problem occurs.
Note
For further assistance, please contact Allied Telesis Technical
Support at www.alliedtelesis.com/support.
Problem 1: The Switch ID LED on the front of the switch is off.
Solutions: The unit is not receiving power. Try the following:

Verify that the power cord is securely connected to the power
source and to the AC connector on the back panel of the switch.

Verify that the power outlet has power by connecting another
device to it.

Try connecting the unit to another power source.

Try a different power cord.

Verify that the voltage from the power source is within the required
levels for your region.
Problem 2: All of the port LEDs are off even though the ports are
connected to active network devices.
Solution: The switch may be operating in the low power mode. To toggle
on the LEDs, press the eco-friendly button on the front panel of the switch.
You may also toggle the LEDs off and on with the ECOFRIENDLY LED
and NO ECOFRIENDLY LED commands in the command line interface.
Problem 3: A twisted pair port on the switch is connected to a network
device but the port’s LINK/ACT LED is off.
Solutions: The port is unable to establish a link to a network device. Try
the following:

Verify that the port is connected to the correct twisted pair cable.
This is to eliminate the possibility that the port is connected to the
wrong network device.

Verify that the network device connected to the twisted pair port is
powered on and is operating properly.
69
Chapter 6: Troubleshooting

Try connecting another network device to the twisted pair port with
a different cable. If the twisted pair port is able to establish a link,
then the problem is with the cable or the other network device.

Verify that the twisted pair cable does not exceed 100 meters (328
feet).

Verify that you are using the appropriate category of twisted pair
cable. The cable types are listed in Table 1 on page 23 for the 10/
100/1000Base-T ports.
Note
A 1000Base connection may require five to ten seconds to establish
a link.
Problem 4: The LINK/ACT LED for an SFP or SFP+ transceiver is off.
Solutions: The fiber optic port on the transceiver is unable to establish a
link to a network device. Try the following:
70

Verify that the remote network device connected to the fiber optic
port is operating properly.

Verify that the fiber optic cable is securely connected to the port on
the SFP or SFP+ module and to the port on the remote network
device.

Check that the transceiver is fully inserted in the slot.

If you are using SFP+ slots 27 or 28 on the AT-x510-28GTX
Switch or slots 51 and 52 on the AT-x510-52GTX, check that
VCStack is disabled on the switch. The VCStack feature has to be
disabled before you can use these slots for regular SFP or SFP+
transceivers. For instructions, refer to “Configuring the Switch for
Stand-alone Operations” on page 62

Verify that the operating specifications of the fiber optic ports on
the transceiver and remote network device are compatible.

Verify that the correct type of fiber optic cabling is being used.

Verify that the port is connected to the correct fiber optic cable.
This is to eliminate the possibility that the port is connected to the
wrong remote network device.

Try connecting another network device to the fiber optic port using
a different cable. If the port is able to establish a link, then the
problem is with the cable or with the other network device.

Use the switch’s management software to verify that the port is
enabled.

If the remote network device is a managed device, use its
management firmware to determine whether its port is enabled.
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches

Test the attenuation of both directions on the fiber optic cable with
a fiber optic tester to determine whether the optical signal is too
weak (sensitivity) or too strong (maximum input power).
Problem 5: Network performance between a twisted pair port on the
switch and a network device is slow.
Solution: There might be a duplex mode mismatch between the port and
the network device. This can occur when a twisted pair port using AutoNegotiation is connected to a remote device that has a fixed speed of 10
or 100 Mbps and a fixed duplex mode of full duplex. If this is the cause of
the problem, adjust the duplex mode of the port on the network device or
switch so that both ports are using the same duplex mode. You can use
either the LEDs or management software on the switch to determine the
duplex mode settings of the ports. The LEDs are described in Table 3 on
page 28.
Problem 6: The switch functions intermittently.
Solutions: Check the system hardware status through the management
software:

Use the SHOW SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT command in the
Privileged Exec mode to verify that the input voltage from the
power source to the switch is stable and within the approved
operating range. The unit will shutdown if the input voltage
fluctuates above or below the approved operating range.

Use the SHOW SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT command in the
Privileged Exec mode to verify that the fan is operating correctly.

Verify that the location of the switch allows for adequate airflow.
The unit will shutdown if it is in danger of overheating.
Problem 7: The Switch ID LED on the front of the switch is flashing the
letter “F.”
Solutions: One or more of the following problems has occurred:

A cooling fan has failed.

One of the power supplies has failed.

The input voltage on one or both of the power supplies is outside
the normal operating range.

The internal temperature of the switch has exceeded the normal
operating range and the switch may shut down.
Contact your Allied Telesis sales representative for assistance.
71
Chapter 6: Troubleshooting
72
Appendix A
Technical Specifications
Physical Specifications
Dimensions (H x W x D)
Table 6. Product Dimensions
AT-x510-28GTX
4.4 cm x 44.1 cm x 32.2 cm
(1.7 in. x 17.3 in. x 12.7 in.)
AT-x510-52GTX
4.4 cm x 44.1 cm x 32.2 cm
(1.7 in. x 17.3 in. x 12.7 in.)
Weights
Table 7. Product Weights
AT-x510-28GTX
4.4 kg (9.7 lb.)
AT-x510-52GTX
5.2 kg (11.5 lb.)
Ventilation
Table 8. Ventilation Requirements
Recommended Minimum
Ventilation on All Sides
10 cm (4.0 in)
Environmental Specifications
Table 9. Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature
0° C to 45° C (32° F to 113° F)
Storage Temperature
-25° C to 70° C (-13° F to 158° F)
Operating Humidity
5% to 90% noncondensing
Storage Humidity
5% to 95% noncondensing
73
Appendix A: Technical Specifications
Table 9. Environmental Specifications (Continued)
Maximum Operating Altitude
3,000 m (9,842 ft)
Maximum Nonoperating Altitude
4,000 m (13,100 ft)
Power Specifications
Maximum Power Consumptions
Table 10. Maximum Power Consumptions
AT-x510-28GTX
37 watts
AT-x510-52GTX
62 watts
Input Voltages
Table 11. Input Voltages
AT-x510-28GTX
AC model: 100-240 VAC, 1.0A
maximum, 50/60 Hz per input
AT-x510-52GTX
AC model: 100-240 VAC, 1.0A
maximum, 50/60 Hz per input
Certifications
Table 12. Product Certifications
74
EMI (Emissions)
FCC Class A, EN55022 Class A,
EN61000-3-2, EN61000-3-3, VCCI
Class A, CISPR Class A, C-TICK,
CE
EMC (Immunity)
EN55024
Electrical and Laser Safety
EN60950-1 (TUV), UL 60950-1
(CULUS), EN60825
Compliance Marks
CE, CULUS, TUV, C-Tick
x510 Series Installation Guide for Stand-alone Switches
Quality and Reliability
Table 13. MTBF
AT-x510-28GTX
210,000 hours
AT-x510-52GTX
110,000 hours
RJ-45 Twisted Pair Port Pinouts
Figure 34 illustrates the pin layout of the RJ-45 connectors and ports.
Figure 34. RJ-45 Socket Pin Layout (Front View)
Table 14 on page 75 lists the pin signals for 10 and 100 Mbps.
Table 14. Pin Signals for 10 and 100 Mbps
Pin
MDI Signal
MDI-X Signal
1
TX+
RX+
2
TX-
RX-
3
RX+
TX+
4
Not used
Not used
5
Not used
Not used
6
RX-
TX-
7
Not used
Not used
8
Not used
Not used
75
Appendix A: Technical Specifications
Table 15 lists the pin signals when a port operating at 1000 Mbps.
Table 15. Pin Signals for 1000 Mbps
Pinout
Pair
1
Pair 1 +
2
Pair 1 -
3
Pair 2 +
4
Pair 3 +
5
Pair 3 -
6
Pair 2 -
7
Pair 4 +
8
Pair 4 -
RJ-45 Style Serial Console Port Pinouts
Table 16 lists the pin signals of the RJ-45 style serial Console port.
Table 16. RJ-45 Style Serial Console Port Pin Signals
Pin
76
Signal
1
Looped to pin 8.
2
Looped to pin 7.
3
Transmit Data
4
Ground
5
Ground
6
Receive Data
7
Looped to pin 2.
8
Looped to pin 1.
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