Crunch DRA4050.4 Specifications

Crunch DRA4050.4 Specifications
DRIVE
AMPLIFIERS
DRA850.2 / DRA1150.2 / DRA4050.2
DRA1050.4 / DRA1450.4 / DRA2450.4 / DRA4050.4
DRA1850.1D / DRA2550.1D / DRA3250.1D
GENERAL INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
System Design
The success of any car stereo system relies on several factors, such as the system design, execution of the installation, and system setup. Please
remember that any system is only as good as its weakest link.
Please remember that higher power systems are not necessarily useful purely for high sound pressure levels, but also to establish a headroom capability, to
reproduce musical peaks cleanly without distortion. Lower power amplifiers will clip earlier than their more powerful cousins, and cause loudspeaker failure when
overdriven, due to the harmonics generated by a clipped signal, thus overheating voice coils.
Amplifiers should be mounted with the fins running horizontally for best convection cooling, to minimize overheating. Purchase the best quality RCA cables you can
afford, for reliability and less engine noise interference in the audio system.
Installation
WOOD
It is highly recommended that the amplifier be mounted to a board of MDF or other solid
structure using the 4 mounting screws provided. Avoid mounting the
amplifier to metal as this can introduce noise and other unwanted issues. When mounting
the amplifier, ensure that it is mounted HORIZONTALLY, as shown in the diagram above, for
optimal heat dissipation. Mounting amplifiers to speaker enclosures is not recommended as
this can cause damage to the amplifier components. When choosing a location for
mounting the amplifier, ensure that you check for clearance from wires, gas tank, electrical
devices and brake lines etc.
DRIVE
General:
Run the wiring so that RCA cables are at least 18“ away from power and speaker cables. Keep RCA cables away from electrical devices in the vehicle that can cause
electrical noise, such as electric fuel pumps, emission control modules and other on-board electronic modules.
Power and ground connections(see the features matrix on page 9 for proper gauge cables per amplifier):
Use a sufficient gauge power cable and ground cable using the chart below as reference to what size wire you require. In a multi amplifier system, add the total value
of the manufacture recommended fusing to get your total system amperage. Some applications may require multiple runs of power wire to meet the system
requirements. In multi amplifier systems it is advisable to mount a large enough fuse right at the battery, and run one or multiple +12 volt power cables to a fused
distribution block near the amplifiers. It is then a simple matter to connect the +12 volt terminal of each amplifier to the distribution block. During this process, please
ensure that the main power fuse is removed to avoid shorting the electrical system. The main fuse must be within 12” of the vehicles battery.
Ground each amplifier with as short a ground lead as possible directly to the vehicle chassis using 4 gauge wire or equivalent to the size of the amplifiers’ power wire.
Use a ground distribution block, if you wish, but it is extremely important to keep the main ground lead from this distribution block to the chassis as short as possible ,
not more than 12“. The ground connection integrity to the chassis is very important, and the best way to achieve a good, solid electrical and mechanical contact is to
use a large round crimp lug, crimped and soldered to the ground cable. The next step is to scrape the paint off the vehicle chassis , slightly larger than the ground
lug, at the connection point. Drill a clearance hole in the chassis, the same size as the lug hole, and use a bolt, spring washer and nut to securely fasten the ground
lug. Use petroleum jelly to coat the bolt/lug connection, to prevent oxidization with time.
TIP: Use the same approach when installing head units, equalizers or any audio equipment for that matter - run short individual grounds from each piece directly to
the vehicle chassis, to minimize ground loops and system noise. All power, ground and speaker connections should be crimped and soldered for reliability. Make sure
that none of the cable insulation can chafe against exposed metal in the vehicle, causing short circuits to the chassis.
WIRE LENGTH
SYSTEM
AMPERAGE
7-10 ft.
13-16 ft.
16-19 ft.
19-22 ft.
22-28 ft.
4
35-50
8
6
4
4
4
50-65
6
4
4
4
4
2
68-85
4
4
2
2
2
0
85-105
4
2
2
2
2
0
105-125
4
2
0
0
0
0
125-150
2
0
0
0
0
0
WIRE GAUGE
10-13 ft.
Safe connection sequence:
After all cables are run, connect speaker wires to the speakers and amplifiers, then run and plug in RCA cables. Next, connect all power, ground, and remote turn on
leads. Now connect all +12 volt cables to the amplifier/s and distribution blocks and fuse holders. Finally, connect the main +12 volt cable to the battery, with the main
fuse removed, and we are almost ready to power up the system.
Power up the system:
The following procedure may seem like overkill, but there is nothing more frustrating when turning on a system for the first time, and it does not work properly
immediately.
First, make sure the head unit is off, and turn all level controls to minimum (counterclockwise), including the head unit volume control. Set all equalizers to 0 dB (no
boost), and all crossover frequency controls at approximate frequencies, as recommended by the loudspeaker manufacturer. Set all input selector and crossover
switches as required for the application. Remove all amplifier fuses, and insert the main fuse at the battery. If the fuse does not blow, you can insert the fuse in one of
the amplifiers, and we are ready to turn on the system. Turn the head unit on, insert a CD, or select a radio station, and increase the head unit volume control. If the
system sounds fine, turn off the head unit, and install fuses in the remaining amplifiers, one by one, till the complete system is powered up and functioning properly.
AMPLIFIER FEATURE DESCRIPTIONS
V DRIVE AMPLIFIERS:
Each model is capable of 4 & 2-Ohms stereo per channel, or 4-Ohms mono bridged operation except
the mono amps which are capable of 4, 2 and 1-Ohm loads.
The input sensitivities for rated output powers are variable from 0.2 volts to 6 volts.
All crossovers are fully variable in their respective ranges.
Crossover filters are 12dB/Octave.
A POWER LED indicates the powered up and turned on condition
All Crunch amplifiers feature a comprehensive diagnostic system, with speaker lead short circuit, and
amplifier DC faults indicated by the red “PROTECT” LED.
CAUTION: DO NOT OPERATE ANY AMPLIFIER BELOW THE INTENDED IMPEDANCE. YOU
WILL CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE AMPLIFIER THAT WILL NOT BE COVERED UNDER THE
WARRANTY PRINTED IN THE BACK OF THE MANUAL. 2 & 4 Channel amps are capable of 4
and 2-Ohms wired stereo and 4-Ohms wired mono bridged. The mono amps are capable of 4, 2
and 1-Ohm.
DRA850.2 / DRA1150.2 / DRA4050.2
2-CHANNEL AMPLIFIERS
The X-OVER slide switch selects the internal crossover functions:
-The input signal is routed directly to the LINE OUT RCA jacks, regardless of the X-OVER setting
simplifying daisy chaining of amplifiers.
-HPF: Selects the built in HIGH PASS filter, variable from 60 Hz to 1.2kHz.
-FULL: Bypasses all crossovers for full frequency range operation.
-LPF: Selects the built in LOW PASS , variable from 30 Hz to 250Hz.
MODE: The mode switch allows you to choose Stereo for full range 2 channel operation or MONO
for bridging operation
HIGH INPUT: If your radio/CD player does not have unbalanced (RCA) outputs, you can use the
HIGH level (wire) inputs.
LINE INPUT: The line input accepts unbalanced (RCA) inputs from 0.2V to 6V.
LINE OUTPUT: The line output passes through signal from the line inputs which allows you to daisy
chain multiple amplifiers from one signal.
LINE INPUT
LINE OUT
L
BASS EQ
LEVEL
HPF
X-OVER
LPF
MODE
L
GND
FLASH
NO FLASH
HI INPUT
R
6V
0.2V 0dB 12dB 60Hz 1.2kHz30Hz 250Hz FULL LPF HPF
MONO
STEREO
R
Note that the LOW PASS signal is MONO.
-In the LPF position, the HIGH PASS filter acts as a subsonic
filter.
-When the LPF mode is selected, a 0 to +12dB, at 45Hz, BASS
-EQ is also switched in.
DRA1050.4 / DRA1450.4 / DRA2450.4 / DRA4050.4
4-CHANNEL AMPLIFIERS
The 4 channel amps have the same features as the 2 channel models except that there are 2 sets of
controls.
1 set for channels 1 & 2 and 1 set for channels 3 & 4.
In addition, the 4 channel models have a MODE switch which allows for RCA signal routing and
selection.
The X-OVER slide switch selects the internal crossover functions:
-The input signal is routed directly to the LINE OUT RCA jacks, regardless of the X-OVER setting
simplifying daisy chaining of amplifiers.
-HPF: Selects the built in HIGH PASS filter, variable from 60 Hz to 1.2kHz.
-FULL: Bypasses all crossovers for full frequency range operation.
-LPF: Selects the built in LOW PASS , variable from 30 Hz to 250Hz.
MODE: The mode switch allows you to choose routing of signal within the amp.
-2CH Mode: In this mode, only inputs 1&2 are used. Input 1 (left)is internally routed to speaker
terminals 1&3, while input 2 (right)is internally routed to speaker terminals 2&4.
This is useful when only a stereo source is available. CH1&2 can be set to high pass for highs, and
CH3&4 to low pass for lows, for instance, or set to full range, depending on the application.
-3CH mode: In this mode, input 1&2 signals are internally mono mixed, and routed as a mono signal
to 1&2 speaker terminals. These outputs can be mono bridged into one speaker. Set CH1&2 to low
pass. Input 3 is internally routed to speaker terminal 3, and input 4 is internally routed to speaker
terminal 4. Set CH3&4 to high pass.
-4CH Mode: In this mode, each input is internally routed to the corresponding speaker terminals,
with input 1 to speaker terminal 1 etc.
HIGH INPUT: If your radio/CD player does not have unbalanced (RCA) outputs, you can use the
HIGH level (wire) inputs.
LINE INPUT: The line input accepts unbalanced (RCA) inputs from 0.2V to 6V.
LINE OUTPUT: The line output passes through signal from the line inputs which allows you to daisy
chain multiple amplifiers from one signal.
MODE
FLASH
NO FLASH
LPF
30Hz
250Hz
INPUT
X-OVER
OUTPUT
CH1
INPUT
60Hz 1.2kHz
0dB 12dB
CH3
GND
CH1
0.2V
CHANNEL 3/4
CH3
LEVEL
6V
CH2
CH4
CH4
GND
HIGH INPUT
FULL HPF LPF
LPF HPF FULL
CHANNEL 1/2
BASS EQ
HPF
CH2
X-OVER
2CH 3CH 4CH
LEVEL
BASS EQ
6V
0dB
0.2V
12dB
HPF
LPF
60Hz 1.2kHz
30Hz
250Hz
Note that the LOW PASS signal is MONO.
-In the LPF position, the HIGH PASS filter acts as a subsonic
filter.
-When the LPF mode is selected a 0 to +12dB, at 45Hz,
BASS EQ is also switched in.
DRA1850.1D / DRA2550.1D / DRA3250.1D
1-CHANNEL D CLASS MONO BLOCK AMPLIFIERS
-SUBSONIC: Allows you to adjust the crossover filter from 15Hz to 35Hz.
-LPF: Allows yo to adjust the LOW PASS crossover filter from 30Hz to 250Hz.
LEVEL: Adjusts the input sensitivity from 0.2 volts to 6 volts.
BASS EQ: The Bass EQ is adjustable from 0db to 10dB.
REMOTE: This is the input jack for the remote Level control.
LINE INPUT: The line input accepts unbalanced (RCA) inputs from 0.2V to 6V.
LINE OUTPUT: The line output passes through signal from the line inputs which allows you to daisy
chain multiple amplifiers from one signal.
OUTPUT
INPUT
LEVEL
L
L
R
R
FLASH
NO FLASH
6V
0.2V
BASS EQ
0dB
SUB SONIC
15Hz
10dB
35Hz
LOW PASS
30Hz
250Hz
REMOTE
CONTROL
The mono amps are capable of 4, 2 & 1-Ohm loads.
Operating the amp below 1-Ohm can cause damage to the
amp not covered in the warranty.
DRA850.2 / DRA1150.2 / DRA4050.2 2 CHANNEL AMPLIFIER APPLICATIONS
FULL RANGE STEREO
This is the most basic application for the GROUND POUNDER Series 2 channel
amplifiers.
1. Interconnect cable checklist:
Connect the LINE INPUTS to the Radio/CD with good quality RCA cables.
2. Crossover Switch:
The X-OVER switch must be in the FULL position.
The MODE switch must be in the STEREO position.
NOTE: Minimum final loudspeaker impedances:
4 &-2-Ohms stereo mode or 4-Ohms mono mode
L
+ LEFT -
LINE INPUT
R
FULL RANGE
SPEAKERS
BRIDGED
LINE OUT
L
R
+ RIGHT -
FLASH
NO FLASH
FULL RANGE
STEREO LINE INPUT
3. Crossover frequency control checklist:
N/A for full range operation.
4. Line Level:
Refer to the section “Setting up systems after installation for best performance”.
GND
BASS EQ
0.2V 0dB 12dB 60Hz 1.2kHz30Hz 250Hz FULL LPF HPF
LEVEL
6V
HPF
LPF
TO BATTERY + 12 volts VIA FUSE
X-OVER
GND REM +12V
HI INPUT
DRIVE
REMOTE TURN-ON
STEREO
MODE
MONO
CHASSIS GROUND
MONO
This application illustrates the basic mono bridging method for all Crunch 2 channel
amplifiers.
Interconnect cable checklist:
A MONO signal source is required, such as would be available from the mono sub bass
output of an active crossover, whether stand alone, or built into a head unit or equalizer.
Important: Do not be tempted to connect the hot, or positive outputs, from any source
together to obtain a mono signal, as this could very well damage the output stage of that
source.
It is necessary to feed the SAME signal to both left and right inputs via a Y-adapter RCA
cable. Connect the mono speaker positive terminal to the LEFT +, and its negative
terminal to RIGHT -.
Switch setting checklist:
- The X-OVER switch must be in the LPF position.
- The MODE switch must be in the MONO position.
Suggested Crossover frequency control settings:
-LPF: 11 o’clock
-BASS EQ: 3 o’clock
Minimum final loudspeaker impedance:
- 4-Ohms mono.
FLASH
NO FLASH
BRIDGED
LINE INPUT
SPEAKER OUTPUT
+ LEFT + RIGHT -
LINE OUT
L
GND
HI INPUT
BASS EQ
HPF
TO BATTERY + 12 volts VIA FUSE
LPF
X-OVER
0.2V 0dB 12dB 60Hz 1.2kHz30Hz 250Hz FULL LPF HPF
LEVEL
6V
FUSE
R
DRIVE
STEREO
MODE
MONO
POWER INPUT
GND REM +12V
L
R
MONO LINE INPUT
VIA Y-ADAPTER
FROM MONO SOURCE
SUBWOOFER
REMOTE TURN-ON
CHASSIS GROUND
The HIGH LEVEL inputs are used when the radio/CD player does not have RCA cable outputs. You can connect the radio/CD player speaker wires directly
to the amplifier via the high Level Inputs.
Use both connectors for 4 CH amplifiers
Use this connector for 2 CH amplifiers
GRAY: CH 1 Speaker Input +
ORANGE: CH 3 Speaker Input +
BROWN: CH 1 Speaker input PINK: CH 3 Speaker input Black: Chassis Ground
Black: Chassis Ground
GREEN: CH 2 Speaker Input BLUE: CH 4 Speaker Input White: CH 2 Speaker Input +
YELLOW: CH 4 Speaker Input +
DRA850.2 / DRA1150.2 / DRA4050.2 2-CHANNEL AMPLIFIER APPLICATIONS
Stereo high pass with mono low-pass in a 2 way active, or bi-amplified system
In this application we will use a 2 channel amplifier for the high frequencies, and a second
one for the low frequencies, or mono sub bass. Please consult the speaker specifications
to determine maximum amplifier power requirements.
Crossover frequency control checklist:
Highs amplifier:
- HI PASS: 100 Hz
- LOW PASS: N/A
Interconnect cable checklist:
Connect the inputs of the HIGHS amplifier to a Radio/CD with good quality RCA cables.
Connect the LINE OUT of the HIGHS amplifier to the inputs of the BASS amplifier with a
stereo RCA to RCA cable.
Lows amplifier:
- HI PASS (Subsonic filter): 10 Hz to 40 Hz
- LOW PASS: 80 Hz
Mono bass woofer wiring:
Connect the mono speaker positive terminal to the LEFT +, and its negative terminal to
RIGHT -.
Please note that these frequency points are suggestions only. Refer to the loudspeaker
manufacturer specifications and the section “Setting up systems after installation for best
performance”
Switch setting checklist:
- Highs amplifier: X-OVER switch in the HPF position.
MODE switch in the STEREO position.
- Lows amplifier: X-OVER switch in the LPF position.
MODE switch in the MONO position.
Level control checklist:
- Refer to the section “Setting up systems after installation for best performance”
L
R
+ LEFT -
LINE INPUT
BRIDGED
LINE OUT
L
R
+ RIGHT -
FLASH
NO FLASH
FULL RANGE
STEREO LINE INPUT
Minimum final loudspeaker impedances:
- 2-Ohms per channel stereo.
- 4-Ohms mono bridged.
FULL RANGE
SPEAKERS
GND
BASS EQ
0.2V 0dB 12dB 60Hz 1.2kHz30Hz 250Hz FULL LPF HPF
LEVEL
6V
HPF
LPF
TO BATTERY + 12 volts VIA FUSE
X-OVER
GND REM +12V
HI INPUT
DRIVE
REMOTE TURN-ON
STEREO
MODE
MONO
CHASSIS GROUND
STEREO
INTERCONNECT
RCA CABLE
MONO BASS
SPEAKER
L
R
+ LEFT -
LINE INPUT
BRIDGED
LINE OUT
L
R
+ RIGHT -
FLASH
NO FLASH
GND
BASS EQ
HPF
LPF
X-OVER
0.2V 0dB 12dB 60Hz 1.2kHz30Hz 250Hz FULL LPF HPF
LEVEL
6V
TO BATTERY + 12 volts VIA FUSE
GND REM +12V
HI INPUT
DRIVE
REMOTE TURN-ON
STEREO
MODE
MONO
CHASSIS GROUND
DRA1050.4 / DRA1450.4 / DRA2450.4 / DRA4050.4 4 CHANNEL AMPLIFIER APPLICATIONS
4 CHANNEL FULL RANGE SYSTEM
Here we show how to use the 4 channel amplifiers as straight forward discrete 4 channel
full range units.
Interconnect cable checklist:
- Connect the four inputs of the amplifier to a Radio/CD with quality RCA cables.
Switch setting checklist:
- 1/2CH X-OVER: FULL
- 3/4CH X-OVER: FULL
- MODE: 4 CHANNEL
Crossover frequency control checklist:
Channels 1/2:
- HI PASS: N/A
- LOW PASS: N/A
Channels 3/4:
- HI PASS: N/A
- LOW PASS: N/A
Level control checklist:
- Refer to the section “Setting up systems after installation for best performance”
Minimum final loudspeaker impedances:
- 2-Ohms per channel.
X-OVER
0.2V
LEVEL
6V
LPF HPF FULL
- CH3 +
- CH4 +
BRIDGED
MODE
0dB 12dB
2CH 3CH 4CH
CHANNEL 1/2
BASS EQ
HPF
60Hz 1.2kHz
BRIDGED
- CH1 +
- CH2 +
250Hz
LPF
FLASH
NO FLASH
30Hz
FULL RANGE
STEREO LINE INPUTS
FULL RANGE
SPEAKERS
INPUT
CH1
CH2
OUTPUT
INPUT
CH3
X-OVER
0.2V
LEVEL
6V
FULL HPF LPF
TO BATTERY + 12 volts VIA FUSE
CH1
CH2
GND
GND
CH3
HPF
60Hz 1.2kHz
HIGH INPUT
12dB
CHANNEL 3/4
BASS EQ
0dB
GND REM +12V
CH4
DRIVE
REMOTE TURN-ON
CH4
250Hz
LPF
30Hz
CHASSIS GROUND
2 or 3 CHANNEL FULL RANGE SYSTEM
Here we show how to use the 4 channel amplifiers as full range 2 or 3 channel units by
taking advantage of the mono bridging capability of all Crunch amplifiers.
The following example shows how to create a 3 channel system by mono bridging
channel pair 3 / 4. In order to create a 2 channel system, simply follow the example to
also mono bridge channel pair 1 / 2.
Interconnect cable checklist:
- Connect the inputs of channel pair 1/2 to a suitable stereo source, e.g. a head unit
with good quality RCA cables.
- A MONO signal source is required to bridge channel pair 3/4, such as would be
available from the mono sub bass output of an active crossover, whether standalone,
or built into a head unit or equalizer.
Important: Do not be tempted to connect the hot, or positive outputs, from any source
together to obtain a mono signal, as this could very well damage the output stage of
that source.
- It is necessary to feed the SAME signal to both left and right inputs via a Y-adapter
RCA cable.
- Connect the mono speaker positive terminal to the CH4 +, and its negative terminal
to CH3 - as shown.
Switch setting checklist:
- 1/2CH X-OVER: FULL
- 3/4CH X-OVER: FULL
- MODE: 3 CHANNEL
Channels 3/4:
- HI PASS: N/A
- LOW PASS: N/A
TIP: If you are using the mono sub bass output of an active crossover, there is nothing
wrong with switching in the low pass filter in these amplifiers for a steeper low pass
rolloff.
Level control checklist:
- Refer to the section “Setting up systems after installation for best performance”
Minimum final loudspeaker impedances:
- 2-Ohms per channel in stereo mode.
- 4-Ohms mono bridged.
X-OVER
FULL RANGE
SPEAKERS CH1/2
INPUT
CH1
CH2
MONO SPEAKER
OR SUBWOOFER CH3/4
OUTPUT
INPUT
CH3
CH4
DRIVE
X-OVER
0.2V
LEVEL
6V
FULL HPF LPF
TO BATTERY + 12 volts VIA FUSE
CH1
CH2
GND
GND
CH3
HPF
60Hz 1.2kHz
HIGH INPUT
12dB
CHANNEL 3/4
BASS EQ
0dB
GND REM +12V
0.2V
LEVEL
6V
LPF HPF FULL
- CH3 +
- CH4 +
BRIDGED
MODE
2CH 3CH 4CH
0dB 12dB
CHANNEL 1/2
BASS EQ
HPF
60Hz 1.2kHz
BRIDGED
- CH1 +
- CH2 +
FLASH
NO FLASH
250Hz
LPF
30Hz
1 STEREO
1 MONO
FULL RANGE
LINE INPUTS
Crossover frequency control checklist:
Channels 1/2:
- HI PASS: N/A
- LOW PASS: N/A
REMOTE TURN-ON
CH4
250Hz
LPF
30Hz
CHASSIS GROUND
DRA1850.1D / DRA2550.1D / DRA3250.1D D-CLASS 1 CHANNEL AMPLIFIER APPLICATION
Basic application
These sub bass amplifiers can be used in any of the bi-amplification systems described in
this manual, replacing the 2 channel amplifiers as per the illustrations.
Interconnect cable checklist:
Connect the inputs to a suitable source, e.g. a head unit with good quality RCA cables.
Connect the LINE OUT to the inputs of the system highs amplifier.
Use at least #12 gauge speaker wiring. The amps have dual speaker terminals,
simplifying the hookup of multiple speakers. These are 1 channel amplifiers.
Crossover frequency control checklist:
LOW PASS: 80Hz (approximately 11 o’clock)
SUBSONIC:35Hz (approximately 1 o’clock)
BASS EQ: 12 o’clock max
Level control checklist:
Refer to the section “Setting up systems after installation for best performance”
Minimum final loudspeaker impedance: 1-Ohm.
+
FLASH
NO FLASH
+
L
SPEAKER
R
-
INPUT
0.2V
LEVEL
6V
10dB
BASS EQ
0dB
DRIVE
FUSE
L
OUTPUT
R
MONO LINE INPUT
VIA Y-ADAPTER
FROM MONO SOURCE
MONO
SUBWOOFER
REMOTE
CONTROL
+12V
POWER
REM
30Hz
250Hz
LOW PASS
GND
35Hz
SUB SONIC
15Hz
TO BATTERY + 12 Volts VIA FUSE
REMOTE TURN-ON
CHASSIS GROUND
FULL RANGE
STEREO LINE INPUT
Y-ADAPTOR
GND
POWER
REM
+12V
FUSE
-
-
SPEAKER
+
+
PARALLEL MONO
SUBWOOFERS
2-OHMS EACH MINIMUM
NOT USED
Note: You can use the Radio/CD designated mono line output or a full range stereo line output.
For full range stereo line output, you will need an optional “Y-Adaptor” as shown.
SETTING UP SYSTEMS AFTER INSTALLATION FOR BEST PERFORMANCE
DRA850.2 / DRA1150.2 / DRA4050.2 / DRA1050.4 / DRA1450.4 / DRA2450.4 / DRA4050.4
General:
At this point you are ready to get more specific on the settings for your amplifier.
High Pass:
-When in Hi Pass operation, this setting acts as a low frequency cut off for your system reproduction. The point that you set it at cuts off any frequencies from reproduction beyond this
point. The 12 o’clock position is a great starting point. EXAMPLE: If you adjust the High Pass to 100Hz, the amplifier will not play frequencies below 100Hz but will play frequencies from
100Hz to the chosen Low Pass frequency.
-When in Low Pass/Bandpass operation, this setting acts as a low frequency cut off for your system reproduction aka Subsonic Filter. The point that you set it at cuts off any frequencies
from reproduction beyond this point. The 12 o’clock position is a great starting point. EXAMPLE: If you adjust the High Pass to 25Hz, the amplifier will not play frequencies below 25Hz
but will play frequencies from 25Hz to the chosen Low Pass frequency.
-When in Flat/Full operation, the High Pass crossover is bypassed.
Bass EQ:
This setting is a fixed bass boost at 45Hz that is variable from 0-12dB. This feature provides impact to your bass, but if not adjusted correctly, it can be over used and cause damage to
your speakers and amplifiers. It is best to slowly turn this setting clockwise until the desired punch is felt. It is not recommended to exceed the 12 o’clock position unless listening at a low
volume or a low recording quality as this can result in high distortion and possibly clipping.
Low Pass:
The Low Pass control acts as a ceiling and doesn’t allow frequencies to the right of the desired setting to be reproduced. Turning the potentiometer all the way to the right is a great
starting point. EXAMPLE: If you adjust the Low Pass to 120Hz, the amplifier will not play frequencies above 120Hz but will play frequencies from 120Hz to the chosen Hi Pass or
Subsonic frequency.
-When in Hi Pass operation, this setting is bypassed.
Level Control Setup:
Ensure that the Level is turned completely to the left prior to turning the system on. Next you should insert a CD or cassette that you are familiar with to use as a reference, and turn the
head unit volume control to about 80% of its full setting. The system sound level will of course be very low, and the following procedures will help you to match the amplifier input
sensitivities properly to the head unit output signal level.
It is important to match the amplifier LEVEL input sensitivity to the Radio/CD output sensitivity. This can be located in the Radio/CD manual.
If the Radio/CD output sensitivity is 2 volts, then adjust the amplifier LEVEL input to 2 volts.
If you are not sure what the Radio output sensitivity is, follow these general guide lines:
Turn the level control up slowly, till you hear distortion, then back off a few degrees on the control. If at any point your amplifier goes into protection, you will need to turn the Level to the
left a bit and then try again. If you reach a point where the output does not increase, stop turning the Level control to the right as the amplifier/speaker combo has reached its maxx
output in this application.
DRA1850.1D / DRA2550.1D / DRA3250.1D
General:
At this point you are ready to get more specific on the settings for your amplifier.
Subsonic:
This setting acts as a low frequency cut off for your system bass reproduction. The point that you set it at cuts off any frequencies from reproduction beyond this point. The 12 o’clock
position is a great starting point. EXAMPLE: If you adjust the Subsonic to 25Hz, the amplifier will not play frequencies below 25Hz but will play frequencies from 25Hz to the chosen Low
Pass frequency.
Bass EQ:
This setting is a fixed bass boost at 45Hz that is variable from 0-10dB. This feature provides impact to your bass, but if not adjusted correctly, it can be over used and cause damage to
your subwoofers and amplifiers. It is best to slowly turn this setting clockwise until the desired punch is felt. It is not recommended to exceed the 12 o’clock position unless listening at a
low volume or a low recording quality as this can result in high distortion and possibly clipping.
Low Pass:
The Low Pass control acts as a ceiling and doesn’t allow frequencies to the right of the desired setting to be reproduced. The 12 o’clock position is a great starting point. EXAMPLE: If you
adjust the Low Pass to 80Hz, the amplifier will not play frequencies above 80Hz but will play frequencies from 80Hz to the chosen Subsonic frequency.
Level Control Setup:
Ensure that the Level is turned completely to the left prior to turning the system on. Next you should insert a CD or cassette that you are familiar with to use as a reference, and turn the
head unit volume control to about 80% of its full setting. The system sound level will of course be very low, and the following procedures will help you to match the amplifier input
sensitivities properly to the head unit output signal level.
It is important to match the amplifier LEVEL input sensitivity to the Radio/CD output sensitivity. This can be located in the Radio/CD manual.
If the Radio/CD output sensitivity is 2 volts, then adjust the amplifier LEVEL input to 2 volts.
If you are not sure what the Radio output sensitivity is, follow these general guide lines:
Turn the level control up slowly, till you hear distortion, then back off a few degrees on the control. If at any point your amplifier goes into protection, you will need to turn the Level to the
left a bit and then try again. If you reach a point where the output does not increase, stop turning the Level control to the right as the amplifier/subwoofer combo has reached its maxx
output in this application.
Sit back and enjoy the music!
TROUBLESHOOTING A SYSTEM
The key to finding the problem in a misbehaving sound system is to isolate parts of that system in a logical fashion to track down the fault.
Description of the PROTECT system built into all V-DRIVE amplifiers
The diagnostic system will shut down the amplifier, until reset by turning the head unit off, and back on. This state of affairs will be indicated by the front panel PROTECT
LED lighting up under the following conditions:
1 - A sort circuit on the loudspeaker leads.
2 - An internal amplifier fault that causes a DC offset on the loudspeaker output.
Should the amplifier go into protect mode, simply disconnect all RCA and speaker leads, while keeping +12 volt, power ground and remote leads connected.
1. Now turn the amplifier back on, and if the diagnostic LED lights, the amplifier has an internal fault.
2. If not, plug the RCA cables back, and reset the amplifier. If it goes into diagnostic now, the fault lies in the input, either with bad cables or source unit.
3. If the amplifier seems fine with RCA cables plugged in, connect the speakers, one at a time, and if one of the speakers or its wiring is faulty, it will activate the diagnostic
system.
Amplifier heatsink overheating
The amplifiers will shut down when the heatsink temperature reaches 80 degrees centigrade, and turn back on once the unit has cooled down below that point.
Causes of overheating:
1 - Inadequate cooling - relocate or remount to provide better natural airflow over the fins.
2 - Driving high power levels into low impedances - back off on the volume control, and/or make sure you are not loading the amplifier with less than the recommended
loudspeaker impedance.
Low output power
1 - Check that level controls have been set up properly.
2 - Make sure that the battery voltage, as measured at the amplifier’s +12 volt and ground terminals, is 11 volts or more.
3 - Check all +12 volt and ground connections.
Fuses blowing
1 - The use of loudspeaker impedances below the recommended minimums will draw more current - check.
2 - A short on the main +12 volt cable from the battery to the vehicle chassis will cause the main fuse to blow.
3 - If an amplifier fuse blows continually, with only +12 volt, ground and remote leads connected, the amplifier may be faulty.
System does not turn on
1 - Check all fuses.
2 - Check all connections.
3 - Measure the +12 volt and remote turn on voltages at the amplifier terminals. If these are non existent or low, take voltage measurements at fuse holders, distribution
blocks, the head unit’s +12 volt and remote leads to localize the problem.
Noise problems
System noise can be divided into two categories, hiss, and electrical interference.
Hiss, or white noise
1 - High levels of white noise usually occurs when amplifier level controls are turned up too high - readjust according to the procedures in section ”Setting up systems after
installation for best performance”
2 - Another major problem that can cause excessive hiss, is a noisy head unit - unplug the amplifier input RCA cables, and if the hiss level reduces, the source unit is at fault.
Electrical interference
The inside of an automobile is a very hostile electrical environment. The multitude of electrical systems, such as the ignition system, alternator, fuel pumps, air conditioners,
to mention just a few, create radiated electrical fields, as well as noise on the +12 volt supply and ground. Remember to isolate the problem - first unplug amplifier input RCA
cables, if the noise is still present, check the speaker leads, if not, plug the RCA’s back, and investigate the source driving the amplifier, one component at a time.
A ticking or whine that changes with engine RPM:
1 - This problem could be caused by radiation pickup of RCA cables too near to a fuel pump or a distributor, for instance, - relocate cables.
2 - Check that the head unit ground is connected straight to the vehicle chassis, and does not use factory wiring for ground.
3 - Try to supply the head unit with a clean +12 volt supply directly from the battery +, instead of using a supply from the in dash wiring/fusebox.
A constant whine:
This type of noise can be more difficult to pinpoint, but is usually caused by some kind of instability, causing oscillations in the system.
1 - Check all connections, especially for good grounds.
2 - Make sure that no speaker leads are shorting to exposed metal on the vehicle chassis.
3 -RCA cables are notorious for their problematic nature, so check that these are good, in particular the shield connections.
CRUNCH AMPLIFIERS
CAR AMPLIFIERS
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