Ryobi P610 Operator`s manual

Ryobi P610 Operator`s manual
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
18 VOLT PLANER
P610
Your planer has been engineered and manufactured to our high standard for dependability, ease of operation, and operator
safety. When properly cared for, it will give you years of rugged, trouble-free performance.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of injury, the user must read and understand the operator's manual before using
this product.
Thank you for your purchase.
SAVE THIS MANUAL FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2
� Warranty .......................................................................................................................................................................... 2
 General Safety Rules .................................................................................................................................................... 3-4
� Specific Safety Rules....................................................................................................................................................... 4
 Safety Rules for Charger ................................................................................................................................................. 5
� Symbols ........................................................................................................................................................................ 6-7
� Features ........................................................................................................................................................................... 8
� Assembly ......................................................................................................................................................................... 9
� Operation .................................................................................................................................................................. 10-15
� Maintenance ............................................................................................................................................................. 16-19
� Parts Ordering / Service ................................................................................................................................................ 20
INTRODUCTION
This tool has many features for making its use more pleasant and enjoyable. Safety, performance, and dependability have
been given top priority in the design of this product making it easy to maintain and operate.
WARRANTY
RYOBI® POWER TOOL - LIMITED TWO YEAR WARRANTY AND 30 DAY EXCHANGE POLICY
One World Technologies, Inc., warrants its RYOBI® power tools with the following conditions:
30-DAY EXCHANGE POLICY: During the first 30 days after date of purchase, you may either request service under this
warranty or you may exchange any RYOBI® power tool which does not work properly due to defective workmanship or
materials by returning the power tool to the dealer from which it was purchased. To receive a replacement power tool
or requested warranty service, you must present proof of purchase and return all original equipment packaged with the
original product. The replacement power tool will be covered by the limited warranty for the balance of the two year period
from the date of the original purchase.
WHAT THIS WARRANTY COVERS: This warranty covers all defects in workmanship or materials in your RYOBI® power
tool for a period of two years from the date of purchase. With the exception of batteries, power tool accessories are
warranted for ninety (90) days. Batteries are warranted for two years.
HOW TO GET SERVICE: Just return the power tool, properly packaged and postage prepaid, to an Authorized Service
Center. You can obtain the location of the Service Center nearest you by contacting a service representative at One
World Technologies, Inc., P.O. Box 1207, Anderson, SC 29622-1207, by calling 1-800-525-2579 or by logging on to www.
ryobitools.com. When you request warranty service, you must also present proof of purchase documentation, which
includes the date of purchase (for example, a bill of sale). We will repair any faulty workmanship, and either repair or replace
any defective part, at our option. We will do so without any charge to you. We will complete the work in a reasonable time,
but, in any case, within ninety (90) days or less.
WHAT’S NOT COVERED: This warranty applies only to the original purchaser at retail and may not be transferred. This
warranty only covers defects arising under normal usage and does not cover any malfunction, failure or defects resulting
from misuse, abuse, neglect, alteration, modification or repairs by other than Authorized Service Centers. One World
Technologies, Inc. makes no warranties, representations or promises as to the quality or performance of its power tools
other than those specifically stated in this warranty.
ADDITIONAL LIMITATIONS: Any implied warranties granted under state law, including warranties of merchantability or
fitness for a particular purpose, are limited to two years from the date of purchase. One World Technologies, Inc. is not
responsible for direct, indirect, or incidental damages, so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This
warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
2
GENERAL SAFETY RULES
 Use safety equipment. Always wear eye protection.
Safety equipment such as dust mask, non-skid safety
shoes, hard hat, or hearing protection used for appropriate
conditions will reduce personal injuries.
WARNING!
Read all instructions. Failure to follow all instructions
listed below may result in electric shock, fire and/or
serious injury. The term “power tool” in all of the warnings
listed below refers to your mains-operated (corded)
power tool or battery-operated (cordless) power tool.
 Avoid accidental starting. Ensure the switch is in the
off-position before plugging in. Carrying power tools
with your finger on the switch or plugging in power tools
that have the switch on invites accidents.
 Remove any adjusting key or wrench before turning
the power tool on. A wrench or a key left attached to
a rotating part of the power tool may result in personal
injury.
 Do not overreach. Keep proper footing and balance
at all times. This enables better control of the power tool
in unexpected situations.
 Dress properly. Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry.
Keep your hair, clothing and gloves away from moving
parts. Loose clothes, jewelry or long hair can be caught
in moving parts.
 If devices are provided for the connection of dust
extraction and collection facilities, ensure these are
connected and properly used. Use of these devices can
reduce dust-related hazards.
 Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry. Contain long
hair. Loose clothes, jewelry, or long hair can be drawn
into air vents.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
WORK AREA SAFETY
 Keep work area clean and well lit. Cluttered or dark
areas invite accidents.
 Do not operate power tools in explosive atmospheres,
such as in the presence of flammable liquids, gases
or dust. Power tools create sparks which may ignite the
dust or fumes.
 Keep children and bystanders away while operating a
power tool. Distractions can cause you to lose control.
ELECTRICAL SAFETY
 Power tool plugs must match the outlet. Never modify
the plug in any way. Do not use any adapter plugs with
earthed (grounded) power tools. Unmodified plugs and
matching outlets will reduce risk of electric shock.
 Avoid body contact with earthed or grounded surfaces
such as pipes, radiators, ranges and refrigerators.
There is an increased risk of electric shock if your
body is earthed or grounded.
 Do not use on a ladder or unstable support. Stable
footing on a solid surface enables better control of the
power tool in unexpected situations.
 Do not expose power tools to rain or wet conditions.
Water entering a power tool will increase the risk of
electric shock.
POWER TOOL USE AND CARE
 Do not force the power tool. Use the correct power tool
for your application. The correct power tool will do the job
better and safer at the rate for which it was designed.
 Do not use the power tool if the switch does not turn
it on and off. Any power tool that cannot be controlled
with the switch is dangerous and must be repaired.
 Disconnect the plug from the power source and/or
the battery pack from the power tool before making
any adjustments, changing accessories, or storing
power tools. Such preventive safety measures reduce
the risk of starting the power tool accidentally.
 Store idle power tools out of the reach of children and
do not allow persons unfamiliar with the power tool
or these instructions to operate the power tool. Power
tools are dangerous in the hands of untrained users.
 Maintain power tools. Check for misalignment or
binding of moving parts, breakage of parts and any
other condition that may affect the power tool’s
operation. If damaged, have the power tool repaired
before use. Many accidents are caused by poorly
maintained power tools.
 Keep cutting tools sharp and clean. Properly maintained
cutting tools with sharp cutting edges are less likely to
bind and are easier to control.
 Do not abuse the cord. Never use the cord for
carrying, pulling or unplugging the power tool. Keep
cord away from heat, oil, sharp edges or moving
parts. Damaged or entangled cords increase the risk
of electric shock.
 When operating a power tool outdoors, use an
extension cord suitable for outdoor use. Use of a cord
suitable for outdoor use reduces the risk of electric
shock.
 Use battery only with charger listed.
MODEL BATTERY PACK (P100) CHARGER (P110)
P610
130255004
1423701, 140237021,
or 130224028
or 140237023
PERSONAL SAFETY
 Stay alert, watch what you are doing and use
common sense when operating a power tool. Do
not use a power tool while you are tired or under the
influence of drugs, alcohol or medication. A moment
of inattention while operating power tools may result in
serious personal injury.
3
GENERAL SAFETY RULES
 Use the power tool, accessories and tool bits etc., in
accordance with these instructions and in the manner
intended for the particular type of power tool, taking
into account the working conditions and the work
to be performed. Use of the power tool for operations
different from those intended could result in a hazardous
situation.
connection from one terminal to another. Shorting the
battery terminals together may cause burns or a fire.
 Under abusive conditions, liquid may be ejected from
the battery, avoid contact. If contact accidentally
occurs, flush with water. If liquid contacts eyes, additionally seek medical help. Liquid ejected from the
battery may cause irritation or burns.
BATTERY TOOL USE AND CARE
SERVICE
 Ensure the switch is in the off position before inserting battery pack. Inserting the battery pack into power
tools that have the switch on invites accidents.
 Have your power tool serviced by a qualified repair
person using only identical replacement parts. This will
ensure that the safety of the power tool is maintained.
 Recharge only with the charger specified by the
manufacturer. A charger that is suitable for one type
of battery pack may create a risk of fire when used with
another battery pack.
WARNING!
To reduce the risk of injury, user must read instruction
manual.
 Use power tools only with specifically designated battery packs. Use of any other battery packs may create
a risk of injury and fire.
 When servicing a power tool, use only identical
replacement parts. Follow instructions in the
Maintenance section of this manual. Use of unauthorized
parts or failure to follow Maintenance instructions may
create a risk of shock or injury.
 When battery pack is not in use, keep it away from
other metal objects like paper clips, coins, keys, nails,
screws, or other small metal objects that can make a
SPECIFIC SAFETY RULES
 Wait for the cutter to stop before setting the tool down.
An exposed cutter may engage the surface leading to
possible loss of control and serious injury.
 Use clamps or another practical way to secure and
support the workpiece to a stable platform. Holding
the work by hand or against your body leaves it unstable
and may lead to loss of control.
 Hold power tools by insulated gripping surfaces when
performing an operation where the cutting tool may
contact hidden wiring or its own cord. Contact with a
“live” wire will also make exposed metal parts of the tool
“live” and shock the operator.
 Know your power tool. Read operator’s manual
carefully. Learn its applications and limitations, as
well as the specific potential hazards related to this
power tool. Following this rule will reduce the risk of
electric shock, fire, or serious injury.
 Always wear safety glasses with side shields.
Everyday glasses have only impact resistant lenses. They
are NOT safety glasses. Following this rule will reduce
the risk of eye injury.
 Protect your lungs. Wear a face or dust mask if the
operation is dusty. Following this rule will reduce the risk
of serious personal injury.
 Protect your hearing. Wear hearing protection
during extended periods of operation. Following this
rule will reduce the risk of serious personal injury.
 Battery tools do not have to be plugged into an
electrical outlet; therefore, they are always in
operating condition. Be aware of possible hazards
when not using your battery tool or when changing






4
accessories. Following this rule will reduce the risk of
electric shock, fire, or serious personal injury.
Do not place battery tools or their batteries near fire
or heat. This will reduce the risk of explosion and possibly
injury.
Never use a battery that has been dropped or received
a sharp blow. A damaged battery is subject to explosion.
Properly dispose of a dropped or damaged battery
immediately.
Batteries vent hydrogen gas and can explode in the
presence of a source of ignition, such as a pilot light.
To reduce the risk of serious personal injury, never use
any cordless product in the presence of open flame. An
exploded battery can propel debris and chemicals. If
exposed, flush with water immediately.
Do not charge battery tool in a damp or wet
location. Following this rule will reduce the risk of electric
shock.
For best results, your battery tool should be charged
in a location where the temperature is more than
50°F but less than 100°F. Do not store outside or in
vehicles.
Under extreme usage or temperature conditions,
battery leakage may occur. If liquid comes in contact
with your skin, wash immediately with soap and water,
then neutralize with lemon juice or vinegar. If liquid
gets into your eyes, flush them with clean water for
at least 10 minutes, then seek immediate medical
attention. Following this rule will reduce the risk of serious
personal injury.
SAFETY RULES FOR CHARGER
 An extension cord should not be used unless
absolutely necessary. Use of improper extension cord
could result in a risk of fire and electric shock. If extension
cord must be used, make sure:
WARNING!
READ AND UNDERSTAND ALL INSTRUCTIONS.
Failure to follow all instructions listed below, may result
in electric shock, fire and/or serious personal injury.
a. That pins on plug of extension cord are the same number,
size and shape as those of plug on charger.
 Before using battery charger, read all instructions and
cautionary markings in this manual, on battery charger,
battery, and product using battery to prevent misuse of
the products and possible injury or damage.
b. That extension cord is properly wired and in good electrical
condition; and
c. That wire size is large enough for AC ampere rating of
charger as specified below:
CAUTION:
To reduce the risk of electric shock or damage to the
charger and battery, charge only nickel-cadmium
rechargeable batteries as specifically designated on
your charger. Other types of batteries may burst, causing
personal injury or damage.
Cord Length (Feet)
25'
50'
100'
Cord Size (AWG)
16
16
16
NOTE: AWG = American Wire Gauge
 Do not operate charger with a damaged cord or
plug, which could cause shorting and electric shock. If
damaged, have the charger replaced by an authorized
serviceman.
 Do not operate charger if it has received a sharp blow,
been dropped, or otherwise damaged in any way.
Take it to an authorized serviceman for electrical check
to determine if the charger is in good working order.
 Do not use charger outdoors or expose to wet or damp
conditions. Water entering charger will increase the risk
of electric shock.
 Use of an attachment not recommended or sold by the
battery charger manufacturer may result in a risk of
fire, electric shock, or injury to persons. Following this
rule will reduce the risk of electric shock, fire, or serious
personal injury.
 Do not disassemble charger. Take it to an authorized
serviceman when service or repair is required. Incorrect
reassembly may result in a risk of electric shock or fire.
 Unplug charger from outlet before attempting any
maintenance or cleaning to reduce the risk of electric
shock.
 Do not abuse cord or charger. Never use the cord to
carry the charger. Do not pull the charger cord rather than
the plug when disconnecting from receptacle. Damage
to the cord or charger could occur and create an electric
shock hazard. Replace damaged cords immediately.
 Disconnect charger from the power supply when
not in use. This will reduce the risk of electric shock or
damage to the charger if metal items should fall into the
opening. It also will help prevent damage to the charger
during a power surge.
 Make sure cord is located so that it will not be stepped
on, tripped over, come in contact with sharp edges
or moving parts or otherwise subjected to damage or
stress. This will reduce the risk of accidental falls, which
could cause injury, and damage to the cord, which could
result in electric shock.
 Risk of electric shock. Do not touch uninsulated portion
of output connector or uninsulated battery terminal.
 Save these instructions. Refer to them frequently and
use them to instruct others who may use this tool. If you
loan someone this tool, loan them these instructions also
to prevent misuse of the product and possible injury.
 Keep cord and charger from heat to prevent damage
to housing or internal parts.
 Do not let gasoline, oils, petroleum-based products,
etc. come in contact with plastic parts. They contain
chemicals that can damage, weaken, or destroy plastic.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1. SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
2.
3.
This manual contains important safety and operating instructions for battery charger.
Before using battery charger, read all instructions and cautionary markings on battery charger, battery, and product
using battery.
CAUTION: To reduce the risk of injury, charge only nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries. Other types of batteries
may burst, causing personal injury or damage.
5
SYMBOLS
Some of the following symbols may be used on this tool. Please study them and learn their meaning. Proper interpretation
of these symbols will allow you to operate the tool better and safer.
SYMBOL
NAME
DESIGNATION/EXPLANATION
V
Volts
Voltage
A
Amperes
Current
Hz
Hertz
Frequency (cycles per second)
W
Watt
Power
Minutes
Time
Alternating Current
Type of current
Direct Current
Type or a characteristic of current
No Load Speed
Rotational speed, at no load
Class II Construction
Double-insulated construction
Per Minute
Revolutions, strokes, surface speed, orbits etc., per minute
Wet Conditions Alert
Do not expose to rain or use in damp locations.
Read The Operator’s Manual
To reduce the risk of injury, user must read and understand
operator’s manual before using this product.
Eye Protection
Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side shields and,
as necessary, a full face shield when operating this product.
Safety Alert
Precautions that involve your safety.
No Hands Symbol
Failure to keep your hands away from the blade will result in serious
personal injury.
No Hands Symbol
Failure to keep your hands away from the blade will result in serious
personal injury.
No Hands Symbol
Failure to keep your hands away from the blade will result in serious
personal injury.
No Hands Symbol
Failure to keep your hands away from the blade will result in serious
personal injury.
Hot Surface
To reduce the risk of injury or damage, avoid contact with any hot
surface.
min
no
.../min
6
SYMBOLS
The following signal words and meanings are intended to explain the levels of risk associated with this product.
SYMBOL
SIGNAL
MEANING
DANGER:
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, will result
in death or serious injury.
WARNING:
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, could result
in death or serious injury.
CAUTION
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION
(Without Safety Alert Symbol) Indicates a situation that may result in property
damage.
SERVICE
WARNING:
Servicing requires extreme care and knowledge and should
be performed only by a qualified service technician. For
service we suggest you return the product to the nearest
AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER for repair. When
servicing, use only identical replacement parts.
To avoid serious personal injury, do not attempt
to use this product until you read thoroughly and
understand completely the operator’s manual. If you
do not understand the warnings and instructions in the
operator’s manual, do not use this product. Call Ryobi
customer service for assistance.
WARNING:
The operation of any power tool can result in foreign objects being thrown into your eyes, which can
result in severe eye damage. Before beginning power tool operation, always wear safety goggles or
safety glasses with side shields and, when needed, a full face shield. We recommend Wide Vision
Safety Mask for use over eyeglasses or standard safety glasses with side shields. Always use eye
protection which is marked to comply with ANSI Z87.1.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
7
FEATURES
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Rabbet Depth .........................................................0-1/2 in.
Charger Input ................................... 120 V, 60 Hz, AC only
Charge Rate ..............................................................1 hour
Motor .................................................................. 18 Volt DC
No Load Speed ................................................ 10,000/min.
Planing Width ............................................................... 2 in.
Planing Depth .......................................................... 1/64 in.
DUST
BAG
EDGE GUIDE/
RABBET GUIDE
LOCK-OFF
BUTTON
BLADE
WRENCH
REVERSIBLE
BLADES
DEPTH
ADJUSTMENT KNOB
SWITCH
TRIGGER
KICKSTAND
Fig. 1
KNOW YOUR PLANER
EDGE GUIDE/RABBET GUIDE
See Figure 1.
The safe use of this product requires an understanding of
the information on the tool and in this operator’s manual as
well as a knowledge of the project you are attempting. Before
use of this product, familiarize yourself with all operating
features and safety rules.
The edge guide may be attached for planing edges and
making rabbet cuts.
KICKSTAND
BLADE WRENCH
The lock-off button locks the switch trigger in the OFF position
when the switch is released.
The kickstand allows the planer to sit on a workpiece or table
without damaging the surface or the blades.
LOCK-OFF BUTTON
A blade wrench is included for convenience in changing
blades.
REVERSIBLE BLADES
DEPTH ADJUSTMENT KNOB
The blades installed on your planer can be reversed for
longer life between blade changes. An additional set of
blades is included.
The planing depth can be adjusted from 0 to 1/64 in.
DUST BAG
The dust bag attaches to the exhaust of the planer to keep
the work area free of debris. A 1-1/4 in. vacuum hose can
also be attached for dust collection.
8
ASSEMBLY
UNPACKING
ATTACHING THE PLANER TO A VACUUM
This product has been shipped completely assembled.
See Figure 3.
The chip collection system of the planer has a 1-1/4 in. port
for inserting a vacuum hose.
 Remove the battery pack from the tool.
 Carefully remove the tool and any accessories from the
box. Make sure that all items listed in the packing list are
included.
 Inspect the tool carefully to make sure no breakage or
damage occurred during shipping.
 Remove the dust bag.
 Do not discard the packing material until you have
carefully inspected and satisfactorily operated the tool.
 Connect the vacuum to a power supply.
 Attach a vacuum hose to the chip exhaust.
 If any parts are damaged or missing, please call
1-800-525-2579 for assistance.
DUST BAG
ADAPTOR
PACKING LIST
Planer (with blades installed)
Reversible Blades (2)
Edge Guide/Rabbet Guide
Blade Wrench
Dust Bag
Lanyard (not included in combo)
Operator’s Manual
WARNING:
If any parts are damaged or missing do not operate this
tool until the parts are replaced. Failure to heed this
warning could result in serious personal injury.
Fig. 2
WARNING:
WARNING:
When the tool is not connected to vacuum, always
reinstall the dust bag back onto the tool. Failure to do
so could cause dust or foreign objects to be thrown into
your face or eyes, which could result in possible serious
injury.
Do not attempt to modify this tool or create accessories
not recommended for use with this tool. Any such
alteration or modification is misuse and could result in a
hazardous condition leading to possible serious personal
injury.
WARNING:
To prevent accidental starting that could cause serious
personal injury, always remove the battery pack from the
tool when assembling parts.
INSTALLING/REMOVING THE DUST BAG
See Figure 2.
The dust bag located on the right side of the hand planer
provides a dust collection system. Wood particles are drawn
up through the base and collect in the dust bag during
operation. For more efficient operation, empty the dust bag
when half full.
To install, slide the dust bag adaptor onto the chip exhaust
on the planer. To remove the dust bag, grasp the adaptor
and pull the dust bag away from the planer.
Fig. 3
9
OPERATION
NOTE: Batteries will not reach full charge the first time they
are charged. Allow several cycles (operation followed by
recharging) for them to become fully charged.
WARNING:
Do not allow familiarity with tools to make you careless.
Remember that a careless fraction of a second is
sufficient to inflict serious injury.
CHARGING A COOL BATTERY PACK
If battery pack is within normal temperature range, the red
LED on charger will come on.
NOTE: If the charger does not charge the battery pack
under normal circumstances, return both the battery pack
and charger to your nearest Authorized Service Center for
electrical check.
 Charge the battery pack only with the charger provided.
 Make sure the power supply is normal household voltage,
120 volts, 60 Hz, AC only.
 Connect the charger to the power supply.
 Place the battery pack in the charger aligning raised rib
on the battery pack with the groove in the charger. See
Figure 4.
 Press down on the battery pack to be sure contacts on
the battery pack engage properly with contacts in the
charger.
 Normally the red LED on charger will come on. This
indicates the charger is in fast charging mode.
 Red LED should remain on for approximately 1 hour then
the green LED will come on. Green LED on indicates
battery pack is fully charged and charger is in maintenance
charge mode.
NOTE: The green LED will remain on until the battery pack
is removed from the charger or charger is disconnected
from the power supply.
 If both yellow and green LEDs come on, this indicates a
deeply discharged or defective battery pack. Allow the
battery pack to remain in the charger for 15 to 30 minutes.
When the battery pack reaches normal voltage range, the
red LED should come on. If the red LED does not come
on after 30 minutes, this may indicate a defective battery
pack that should be replaced.
 After normal usage, a minimum of 1 hour of charging time
is required to fully recharge battery pack.
 The battery pack will become slightly warm to the touch
while charging. This is normal and does not indicate a
problem.
 Do not place the charger and battery pack in an area of
extreme heat or cold. They will work best at normal room
temperature.
NOTE: The charger and battery pack should be placed in
a location where the temperature is more than 50°F but
less than 100°F.
 When batteries become fully charged, unplug the charger
from power supply and remove the battery pack.
WARNING:
Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side
shields when operating tools. Failure to do so could
result in objects being thrown into your eyes, resulting in
possible serious injury.
WARNING:
Do not use any attachments or accessories not
recommended by the manufacturer of this tool. The use
of attachments or accessories not recommended can
result in serious personal injury.
APPLICATIONS
You may use this tool for the purposes listed below:
 Planing the edge of a wooden door or shelf
 Planing the edge of a piece of lumber
 Making rabbet cuts in wood
CAUTION:
If at any point during the charging process none of the
LEDs are lit, remove the battery pack from the charger
to avoid damaging the product. DO NOT insert another
battery. Return the charger and battery to your nearest
service center for service or replacement.
LED FUNCTIONS OF CHARGER
LED WILL BE ON TO INDICATE STATUS OF
CHARGER AND BATTERY PACK:
 Red LED on = Fast charging mode.
 Green LED on = Fully charged and in maintenance charge
mode.
 Green LED on = When battery pack is inserted into
charger, indicates hot battery pack or that battery pack
is out of normal temperature range.
 Yellow and Green LEDs on = Deeply discharged or
defective battery pack.
 No LED on = Defective charger or battery pack.
CHARGING THE BATTERY PACK
The battery pack for this tool has been shipped in a low
charge condition to prevent possible problems. Therefore,
you should charge it until the green LED on the front of the
charger comes on.
10
OPERATION
CHARGING A HOT BATTERY PACK
BATTERY PACK SHOWN IN CHARGER
When using the tool continuously, the batteries in the battery
pack will become hot. You should let a hot battery pack cool
down for approximately 30 minutes before attempting to
recharge. When the battery pack becomes discharged and
is hot, this will cause the green LED to come on instead of
the red LED. After 30 minutes, reinsert the battery pack in
the charger. If the green LED continues to remain on, return
battery pack to your nearest Authorized Service Center for
checking or replacing.
NOTE: This situation only occurs when continuous use of the
tool causes the batteries to become hot. It does not occur
under normal circumstances. Refer to CHARGING A COOL
BATTERY PACK for normal recharging of batteries. If the
charger does not charge your battery pack under normal
circumstances, return both the battery pack and charger
to your nearest Authorized Service Center for electrical
check.
P110
CHARGER
P100
BATTERY PACK
YELLOW
LED
TO INSTALL BATTERY PACK
See Figure 5.
 Place the lock-off button in the center position to lock
the switch.
 Place the battery pack in the tool. Align raised rib on
battery pack with the groove inside the tool.
 Slide the battery pack into the tool until the latches on
each side of the battery pack snap into place and battery
pack is secured in the tool before beginning operation.
RED LED
GREEN
LED
Fig. 4
BATTERY
PACK
CAUTION:
When placing battery pack in the tool, be sure raised rib
on battery pack aligns with the battery port of the planer
and latches into place properly. Improper installation
of the battery pack can cause damage to internal
components.
LATCH
TO REMOVE BATTERY PACK
See Figure 5.
 Place the lock-off button in the center position to lock
the switch.
 Locate latches on side of battery pack and depress to
release battery pack from the tool.
 The battery pack will automatically disconnect when
buttons are depressed.
 Remove the battery pack from the tool.
Fig. 5
11
OPERATION
WARNING:
SWITCH
TRIGGER
LOCK-OFF
BUTTON
Battery tools are always in operating condition. Therefore,
switch should always be locked when not in use or
carrying at your side.
STARTING/STOPPING THE PLANER
See Figure 6.
 To start the planer: Push the lock-off button from either
side, and then depress the switch trigger.
 To stop the planer: Release the switch trigger.
KICKSTAND
See Figure 7.
The planer has been equipped with an automatic pivoting
kickstand that will prevent the blade from contacting the
workbench when not in use. As you begin your planing
operation, the kickstand will automatically retract as it passes
over the edge of the workpiece. When setting the planer down
on your workbench, the kickstand will automatically pivot
down to prevent the blade from making any contact.
Fig. 6
KICKSTAND
WARNING:
Make sure the kickstand operates freely at all times and
that the area surrounding the kickstand is clear of debris.
Failure to do so could result in serious personal injury.
PLANING DEPTH
See Figure 8.
When you begin planing a rough piece of material, the planer
will only remove the high spots at first. Successive passes
will remove more and more material. By removing no more
than 1/64 in. with each pass, you will achieve the smoothest
finish, even from the roughest workpiece.
Always begin by making test cuts in scrap wood to make sure
that the planer is removing the desired amount of wood.
To set the planing depth:
 Lock the switch by placing the lock-off button in the center
position.
WORKPIECE
1
64
m)
(0.4m
NOTE: The switch automatically locks when not
depressed to the left or the right.
Fig. 7
 Turn the depth adjustment knob clockwise to reach the
maximum depth of cut.
DEPTH
ADJUSTMENT
KNOB
NOTE: To protect the blades during storage, transporting,
etc., set the depth adjustment to 0.
DEPTH
ADJUSTMENT
SCALE
Fig. 8
12
OPERATION
FRONT
HANDLE
WARNING:
Always clamp the workpiece securely before making
a cut. Work moving during a cut could result in loss of
control of the planer and cause serious injury.
OPERATING THE PLANER
REAR
HANDLE
See Figure 9.
 Clamp the work securely.
 Support the work so that the operation is on your right.
 Adjust the planing depth.
 Hold the planer with both hands. Hold the front handle
with your left hand and the rear handle with your right
hand.
WARNING:
Always use two hands on the tool for any operation. This
assures that you maintain control and avoid risk of serious
personal injury. Always properly support and clamp the
work so that both hands are free to control the planer.
DUST BAG
 Place the front shoe on the edge of work to be planed.
VISE
NOTE: Make sure the blades are not touching the
work.
 Apply pressure to the front handle so that the front shoe
is completely flat on the work.
WORKPIECE
Fig. 9
 Start the planer and let the motor reach maximum
speed.
 Hold the planer firmly and push it forward into the work,
using a slow, steady motion.
CAUTION:
Planing too fast results in a poor finish and increases chip
build-up in the chip exhaust. Chip build-up restricts air
flow and can cause motor overheating.
 Apply downward pressure toward the rear handle as you
reach the end of the planed cut. This helps keep the rear
section of the planer base in contact with the work and
prevents the front of the planer from gouging the cut.
WARNING:
WARNING:
Do not attempt to clear a blocked chip exhaust until the
blades stop and you have removed the battery. Failure to
heed this warning can result in serious personal injury.
Be careful to avoid hitting nails or any other foreign
objects during planing operation; this action could nick,
crack, or damage blades.
NOTE: We suggest that you always keep an extra set of
blades on hand. If the blades in the planer show signs of
becoming dull, chipped, or damaged in any way, replace
them. The blades are reversible and can be reversed until
both sides become dull. Reverse or change the blades
only as a set, never individually.
 Plane slowly and empty the dust bag often.
NOTE: Using a battery in a low charge condition will cause
chip build-up and clogging of the chip exhaust. This will
also affect the quality of the cut. Keep a freshly charged
battery available and replace the discharged battery when
you notice a decrease in performance.
13
OPERATION
CHAMFERING
GROOVE
See Figure 10.
The planer is designed with a chamfering groove in the front
shoe to chamfer edges of boards as shown. Before making
a cut on good lumber, practice cutting on scrap lumber to
determine the amount to be removed.
 Clamp the work securely.
 Hold the front handle with your left hand and the rear
handle with your right hand.
 Place the chamfering groove on the surface to be cut.
 Start the planer and let the motor reach maximum
speed.
 Hold the planer firmly and push it forward into the work,
using a slow, steady motion.
FRONT
HANDLE
 Apply downward pressure to keep the planer flat at the
beginning and the end of the work surface.
PLANING EDGES AND MAKING RABBET CUTS
WORKPIECE
The planer comes with an adjustable edge guide for precision
edge planing and rabbet cutting. Attach the edge guide to
either side of the planer for planing edges. Attach the edge
guide to the left side for making rabbet cuts.
VISE
ATTACHING THE EDGE GUIDE FOR PLANING
EDGES
Fig. 10
See Figure 11.
 Lock the switch by placing the lock-off button in the center
position.
 Remove the battery pack from the tool.
CARRIAGE
HEAD BOLT
 Attach the bracket to the desired side of the planer using
the knob bolt.
 Attach the edge guide to the bracket using the knob nut
and the carriage head bolt.
KNOB
BOLT
 Tighten the knob bolt and knob nut securely.
BRACKET
EDGE GUIDE
KNOB NUT
Fig. 11
14
OPERATION
PLANING EDGES
See Figure 12.
Follow the directions in Operating the Planer. Hold the edge
guide firmly against the edge of the work surface.
ATTACHING THE EDGE GUIDE FOR MAKING
RABBET CUTS
 Lock the switch by placing the lock-off button in the center
position.
 Remove the battery pack from the tool.
 Attach the bracket to the left side of the planer using the
knob bolt.
 Attach the edge guide loosely to the bracket using the
knob nut and the carriage head bolt.
 Adjust the edge guide to the desired width for the rabbet
cut.
 Tighten the retaining knob securely.
EDGE GUIDE
MAKING RABBET CUTS
WORKPIECE
See Figure 13.
Follow the directions in the Operating the Planer section
earlier in this manual. Hold the edge guide firmly against the
edge of the work surface.
The depth of the rabbet is determined by the depth of the
cut and the number of passes made along the work surface.
The maximum depth of the rabbet cut is 1/2 in. Cuts should
be made in passes of 1/64 in. or less to reach the desired
depth. The width of the rabbet cut may be adjusted by
moving the edge guide.
Fig. 12
EDGE GUIDE
WORKPIECE
15
Fig. 13
MAINTENANCE
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
WARNING:
Avoid using solvents when cleaning plastic parts. Most
plastics are susceptible to damage from various types of
commercial solvents and may be damaged by their use. Use
clean cloths to remove dirt, dust, oil, grease, etc.
When servicing, use only identical replacement parts.
Use of any other parts may create a hazard or cause
product damage.
WARNING:
WARNING:
Do not at any time let brake fluids, gasoline, petroleumbased products, penetrating oils, etc., come in contact
with plastic parts. Chemicals can damage, weaken or
destroy plastic which may result in serious personal
injury.
Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side
shields during power tool operation or when blowing
dust. If operation is dusty, also wear a dust mask.
WARNING:
Only the parts shown on the parts list are intended to be
repaired or replaced by the customer. All other parts should
be replaced at an Authorized Service Center.
To avoid serious personal injury, always remove the
battery pack from the tool when cleaning or performing
any maintenance.
BATTERY PACK REMOVAL AND PREPARATION
FOR RECYCLING
BATTERIES
The battery pack for this tool is equipped with nickel-cadmium
rechargeable batteries. Length of service from each charging
will depend on the type of work you are doing.
The batteries in this tool have been designed to provide
maximum trouble-free life. However, like all batteries, they
will eventually wear out. Do not disassemble battery pack
and attempt to replace the batteries. Handling of these
batteries, especially when wearing rings and jewelry, could
result in a serious burn.
To obtain the longest possible battery life, we suggest the
following:
 Remove the battery pack from the charger once it is fully
charged and ready for use.
To preserve natural resources, please
re c yc l e or di spose of ba tte ri e s
properly.
This product contains nickel-cadmium
batteries. Local, state or federal laws
may prohibit disposal of nickel-cadmium
batteries in ordinary trash.
Consult your local waste authority for information regarding
available recycling and/or disposal options.
WARNING:
Upon removal, cover the battery pack’s terminals with heavy-duty adhesive tape. Do not attempt to destroy or disassemble battery pack or
remove any of its components. Nickel-cadmium
batteries must be recycled or disposed of properly. Also,
never touch both terminals with metal objects and/or
body parts as short circuit may result. Keep away from
children. Failure to comply with these warnings could
result in fire and/or serious injury.
For battery storage longer than 30 days:
 Store the battery pack where the temperature is below
80°F.
 Store battery packs in a “discharged” condition.
16
MAINTENANCE
CHANGING BLADES
See Figures 14 - 16.
The planer blades are reversible. When one edge becomes
dull, the blade can be reversed so that the other side can
be used.
Always replace or reverse blades in pairs. Do not attempt
to sharpen blades. If the blades in the planer show signs
of becoming dull, chipped, or damaged in any way, replace
them.
When changing blades, use the recommended replacement
blades only (Part No. 671798001).
BLADE
WRENCH
BLADE CLAMP
SCREWS
WARNING:
The blades are sharp. Use extreme caution when
replacing blades. Failure to heed this warning can result
in serious personal injury.
Fig. 14
 Remove the battery pack from the tool.
REMOVING THE
OLD BLADE
 Secure the planer in an upside-down position.
 Loosen the two screws securing the blade and blade
clamp on the blade holder using the blade wrench
provided. Loosen the screws just enough to remove the
old blade.
NOTE: If screws are too loose, alignment of the new blade
will not be accurate.
NOTE: Before removing the old blades, take notice of
the direction of cut as well as how the tapered edge of
the old blades are oriented. The tapered edge of the new
blades must be in the same orientation as the original
blades, with the tapered edge on the same side as the
screw heads and the flat edge facing the cutter block.
CUTTER
BLOCK
Fig. 15
BLADE HOLDER
SLOT
 Push the blade (to the right) out of the blade holder using
the tip of a screwdriver.
 Remove the old blade from the blade holder.
NOTE: If you cannot easily push the blade out of the blade
holder after loosening the screws, use a block of wood
to break the blade loose from the blade holder. Give the
blade a short, sharp blow, then push it with a screwdriver
to remove. If necessary, tap the block of wood sharply
with a small hammer to break the blades loose.
INSERTING THE
NEW BLADE
 Clean any sawdust or wood chips from around the blade
area.
 Slide the new blade into the slot of the blade holder.
 Use a screwdriver to push the blade into the blade holder
until it is centered into position.
 Tighten the two screws using the blade wrench.
 Repeat the above procedure to change the other blade.
Fig. 16
17
MAINTENANCE
REPLACING THE BELT
See Figures 17 - 18.
When replacing the belt, use recommended replacement
belt only (Part No. 570279002).
 Remove the battery pack from the tool.
 Remove the belt cover screws.
 Remove the belt cover.
 Force the old belt from the small pulley by turning in the
direction shown. As you turn the belt, pull and work it
off the small pulley until it has been completely removed
from both pulleys.
 Install the new belt over the large pulley. As you turn the
belt, push and work it onto the small pulley until it is in
place.
 Make sure the belt is flush with the edge of both
pulleys.
 Replace the belt cover.
 Install the belt cover screws and tighten securely.
NOTE: Do not overtighten the screws.
SCREWS
Fig. 17
BELT COVER
SMALL PULLEY
LARGE PULLEY
18
Fig. 18
MAINTENANCE
CLEANING THE CHIP EXHAUST AND
EMPTYING THE DUST BAG
See Figure 19.
After using the planer for an extended period of time or when
planing wet or green lumber, chips may build up in the chip
exhaust. Chip build-up restricts air flow and causes the
motor to overheat. Clean the chip exhaust port and empty
the dust bag regularly.
 Remove the battery pack from the tool.
CHIP EXHAUST
 Remove the dust bag from the chip exhaust.
 Clean the build-up from the chip exhaust port with a small
piece of wood. Do not use your hands or fingers.
 Unzip the dust bag.
 Empty all debris from the dust bag and ensure that the
collar is free of debris.
 Replace the dust bag.
DUST BAG
Fig. 19
19
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
18 VOLT PLANER
P610
WARNING:
Some dust created by power sanding, sawing, grinding, drilling, and other construction activities contains chemicals
known to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Some examples of these chemicals are:
• lead from lead-based paints,
• crystalline silica from bricks and cement and other masonry products, and
• arsenic and chromium from chemically-treated lumber.
Your risk from these exposures varies, depending on how often you do this type of work. To reduce your exposure to
these chemicals: work in a well ventilated area, and work with approved safety equipment, such as those dust masks
that are specially designed to filter out microscopic particles.
• SERVICE
Now that you have purchased your tool, should a need ever exist for repair parts or service,
simply contact your nearest Authorized Service Center. Be sure to provide all pertinent
facts when you call or visit. Please call 1-800-525-2579 for your nearest Authorized
Service Center. You can also check our web site at www.ryobitools.com for a complete
list of Authorized Service Centers.
• MODEL NO. AND SERIAL NO.
The model number of this tool will be found on a plate attached to the motor housing.
Please record the model number and serial number in the space provided below.
• HOW TO ORDER REPAIR PARTS
When ordering repair parts, always give the following information:
•
MODEL NUMBER
•
SERIAL NUMBER
P610
Ryobi® is a registered trademark of Ryobi Limited used under license.
ONE WORLD TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1428 Pearman Dairy Road, Anderson, SC 29625
Phone 1-800-525-2579
www.ryobitools.com
983000-936
1-30-06 (REV:00)
20
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