Atlantic Technology 452 PBM Instruction manual

Atlantic Technology 452 PBM Instruction manual
Model 452 PBM THX Reference THX
Powered Subwoofer System
Atlantic Technology
®
I
N N O V A T I V E
H
O M E
T
H E A T E R
343 Vanderbilt Avenue Norwood, MA 02062 (781) 762-6300
Instruction Manual
®
Model 452 PBM THX
Atlantic Technology
MODEL 452 PBM THX
®
Reference THX Powered Subwoofer System
Congratulations on your purchase of an Atlantic Technology 452 PBM THX powered subwoofer. With
proper care, your new subwoofer will provide many years of trouble-free, high quality reproduction.
The 452 PBM is fully THX certified to provide very high output levels and a wide dynamic range with
smooth in-room response down to 20 Hz, with a peak SPL of 110 dB.
The subwoofer also features a proprietary class G linear amplifier conservatively rated at 325 watts rms.
This amplifier, coupled with a massive 15" high-excursion woofer will deliver very high output levels
with minimum distortion.
Your Atlantic Technology powered subwoofer will easily integrate with virtually all other brands of
loudspeakers on the market. All inputs and outputs, both line level and high (speaker) level, are
designed for optimum signal integrity. The premium quality gold plated connectors and all controls
are clearly labeled and versatile in operation. The amplifier has more than ample power and headroom
to supply a high fidelity foundation to any audio or home theater system.
Lucasfilm Home THX
George Lucas and Lucasfilm, creators of the Star Wars saga, originated and perfected Home THX, a
strict set of standards and guidelines for home theaters, enabling you to reproduce the full sound
heard in the finest theaters in your home. When properly followed, these guidelines address and
correct the problems encountered when a film soundtrack is played
back in the smaller environment of the home. The Home THX system
takes a soundtrack that was mixed and equalized to play back in a
large theater and adapts it to reproduce more naturally when
experienced in the smaller space of your home.
It is important to realize that THX is not a recording process or a
special decoding system. All motion pictures will be reproduced as
they were heard in the film studio dubbing stage through the Home
THX system, no matter what surround decoding system is used. Whether you are using Dolby Digital
(AC-3), DTS, Dolby Pro Logic, or any other system, Home THX will make the experience more natural
and lifelike. With the lights down, your intimate home theater environment is transformed into the
large acoustic space of a real theater. It’s really quite startling how “big” your room will sound when
the lights are off and the visual cues of your room size are absent.
Features
Your Atlantic Technology 452 PBM THX powered subwoofer was engineered using the latest
technology and finest components available.
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High excursion 15" driver in a sealed acoustic suspension cabinet
Class “G” linear power amplifier conservatively rated at 325 watts RMS
Discrete, high current output devices
Working frequency range from 20 Hz to full bypass, (approximately 500 Hz)
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2
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Atlantic Technology
Model 452 PBM THX
®
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Adjustable low-pass filter from 55 Hz to full bypass
The slope of this low-pass filter is 18 dB/octave. This allows for flexible integration with most any
brand or type of speaker on the market. A subsonic filter is also incorporated to filter out
inaudible frequencies that can rob amplifier power.
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Two line inputs, two line thruputs, and an 80 Hz line level high-pass output
The thruputs allow daisy-chaining of multiple subwoofers, or can act as a return path back to the
processor. The high-pass outputs send the audio signal, minus the bass frequencies below 80Hz,
back to your amplifier and main speakers.
●
Phase inverter toggle switch (0/180 degrees)
Allows matching with many systems whose output may be inverse phased.
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Front panel variable volume control with THX preset position
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Automatic standby operation
The 7-10 minute turn-off delay features a front panel indicator and a defeat switch.
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IEC AC power socket
Unit comes supplied with a detachable power cord.
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Heavy duty rocker type power switch
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Design and construction meets all UL/CSA European safety requirements
Connection
The Atlantic Technology 452 PBM THX Powered Subwoofer is simple to hook up, offering several
connection methods for maximum flexibility. Study the system diagrams starting on page 5. Once
you have found the example which most closely matches your system, hook up your subwoofer(s)
as shown in that diagram.
Low-Level Connection
For simplicity, we suggest using the low-level (RCA style jacks) subwoofer line out or preamp outputs if
your receiver/amplifier has them. Simply connect your subwoofer with high quality shielded cables as
shown in the diagrams.
High-Level Connection
Alternately, you may use the high-level (speaker) inputs. Make sure to match the type and gauge
speaker wire used to connect your main speakers.
We recommend that you connect your new 452 PBM THX Powered Subwoofer(s) using high quality
wire of 16 gauge or larger. There are many respected manufacturers in the audio industry that
specialize in speaker wire and interconnect cables suitable for your new system. We recommend that
you consult your local audio/video specialist for more specific information.
Warning: To prevent risk of electrical shock or damage to your equipment, always unplug all component AC
cords before proceeding with speaker and component connections! The last step in wiring your system is
plugging in the AC cords!
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Atlantic Technology
Model 452 PBM THX
®
Figure 1:
Amplifier panel and
controls for Model
452 PBM THX
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Atlantic Technology
Model 452 PBM THX
®
Example 1:
Subwoofer
Line Out/
Low Level In
Receiver/Amplifier/Processor
This is the most
commonly used
system
connection for
systems with
surround sound
receivers/
processors.
Sub Woofer Out
HI PASS
OUT
LOW LEVEL
THRU
IN
HI PASS
OUT
L/MONO
L/MONO
RIGHT
RIGHT
Single Sub Woofer
Example 2:
Preamp Line
Out/Low
Level In for
1 Subwoofer
This arrangement
is for owners of
stereo receivers/
amplifiers with
Preamp outputs.
If your receiver/
amplifier uses
jumper links between the Pre-out
and Main In, then
you must remove
them and use
option 1 or 2. If
your receiver/
amplifier uses a
switch instead of
connectors, then
use option 3.
LOW LEVEL
THRU
IN
Optional Second Sub Woofer
Receiver/Amplifier/Processor
Option 1
Single Sub Woofer
HI PASS
OUT
L
LOW LEVEL
THRU
IN
R
L/MONO
Pre Out
RIGHT
Main In
Y-adapters
Option 2
HI PASS
OUT
L
LOW LEVEL
THRU
IN
R
L/MONO
Pre Out
RIGHT
Main In
Option 3
Pre Amp
L
R
Internal
External
HI PASS
OUT
LOW LEVEL
THRU
IN
L/MONO
Pre Out
RIGHT
Main In
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5
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Atlantic Technology
Model 452 PBM THX
Example 3:
Preamp Line
Out/Low Level
In for
2 Subwoofers
Note that the
L/MONO input is
used on both subwoofers. Instead
of Y-adapters, you
may also use the
THRU outputs to
connect back to
the Main Inputs as
shown in Option
2 of Example 2.
Example 4:
Preamp Line
Out/Low Level
In using Hi-Pass
Out for
1 Subwoofer
The line level HiPass outputs send
audio signals
above the Lo-Pass
filter setting to the
main L and R
power amplifier
inputs. This keeps
the low frequencies out of the left
and right front
speakers, allowing
the subwoofers to
reproduce the
bass frequencies.
®
Receiver/Amplifier/Processor
Y-adapters
L
R
Pre Out
Main In
HI PASS
OUT
LOW LEVEL
THRU
HI PASS
IN
OUT
LOW LEVEL
THRU
IN
L/MONO
L/MONO
RIGHT
RIGHT
Left Sub Woofer
Right Sub Woofer
Receiver/Amplifier/Processor
Pre Out
L
R
Main In
SUBWOOFER
LO-PASS
HI PASS
100
OUT
80
55
140
LOW LEVEL
THRU
EXT
FILTER
THX
IN
L/MONO
RIGHT
Sub Woofer
Note: These outputs are primarily intended for use in a two channel satellite/subwoofer system where the left
and right speakers are small and not designed to reproduce bass. It is also useful when your receiver/
amplifier/processor does not internally incorporate a low pass filter.
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6
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Atlantic Technology
Model 452 PBM THX
®
Example 5:
Speaker Out/
High Level In for
1 Subwoofer
Receiver/Amplifier
Main Speakers
This is the most
common method
for connecting a
subwoofer to a
system without a
dedicated subwoofer line out or
Preamp outputs.
Left
Right
HI PASS
OUT
LOW LEVEL
IN
THRU
L/MONO
RIGHT
L/MONO
HI LEVEL
INPUT
RIGHT
Left Front Speaker
Sub Woofer
Example 6:
Speaker Out/
High Level In for
2 Subwoofers
Right Front Speaker
Receiver/Amplifier
Main Speakers
This is the most
common method
for connecting 2
subwoofers to a
system without a
dedicated subwoofer line out or
Preamp outputs.
Note that the
L/MONO High
Level input is used
on both left and
right subwoofers.
Left
HI PASS
OUT
Left Front Speaker
Right
LOW LEVEL
IN
THRU
HI PASS
OUT
LOW LEVEL
IN
THRU
L/MONO
L/MONO
RIGHT
RIGHT
L/MONO
L/MONO
HI LEVEL
INPUT
HI LEVEL
INPUT
RIGHT
RIGHT
Left Sub Woofer
Right Sub Woofer
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Right Front Speaker
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Atlantic Technology
Model 452 PBM THX
THX Example:
THX Subwoofer
Out/Low Level In
Option 1 is the
most commonly
used method of
connecting two
subwoofers to a
THX system. You
may also use a Yadapter as shown
in Option 2.
®
Option 2
Option 1
THX Receiver/Amplifier/Processor
THX Receiver/Amplifier/Processor
HI PASS
OUT
LOW LEVEL
THRU
Y-adapter
THX
Sub
Woofer
Out
THX
Sub
Woofer
Out
HI PASS
IN
OUT
LOW LEVEL
THRU
HI PASS
IN
OUT
LOW LEVEL
THRU
IN
HI PASS
OUT
LOW LEVEL
THRU
IN
L/MONO
L/MONO
L/MONO
L/MONO
RIGHT
RIGHT
RIGHT
RIGHT
Single Sub Woofer
Optional Second Sub Woofer
Single Sub Woofer
Optional Second Sub Woofer
Note: The front panel level control and the rear panel subwoofer lo-pass control must be in the THX position
for proper THX operation.
Figure 2:
Speaker Wiring
Terminals
You can connect your 452 PBM THX by using a variety of connectors, or by removing 1/2" of insulation
from each wire end, twisting the strands of wire together, placing the wire through one of the post holes
and screwing down the nut tightly. We recommend that you check your local electrical codes to make
sure you are not using an improper connector.
It is important to observe polarity while making speaker connections:
red (+) terminals on the amplifier to red (+) on the speaker, black (-)
on the amplifier to black (-) on the speaker. Look carefully at the wires
you are using and note that one of the wires in each pair is marked by
either a different color, printing, ridges, or a thread intertwined with
the wire strands. By convention, the marked wire is connected to the
red (+) terminal.
Power Connection
Connect the power cord to an AC outlet only after making all other connections to the subwoofer.
This will avoid any chance of accidentally activating the subwoofer while wiring. The AC cord should
be plugged into its own wall outlet or into a quality power strip. Avoid using a switched outlet on the
rear panel of another component. The subwoofer can draw more current than these outlets can
provide and performance will suffer. Once the subwoofer is hooked up and the power switch is turned
on, leave it on. The automatic on/off circuitry will only activate the subwoofer in the presence of an
audio signal from your audio/video system. After 7-10 minutes with no signal detected from the rest of
the system, the amplifier will shut itself off and go into standby mode. When an audio signal is
present, the power LED will glow green. Power consumption in the standby mode is negligible.
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Atlantic Technology
Model 452 PBM THX
®
Figure 3:
The fuse is
located next
to the IEC
AC socket
Changing the Fuse
To change the fuse, remove the power cord, insert a
screwdriver tip into the notch in the side of the fuseholder,
and pry it out. Replace with the correct value fuse and push
back into place. Fuse values are marked adjacent to the IEC
AC socket.
Insert
screwdriver
tip here
Placement and Operation
The Model 452 PBM THX Powered Subwoofer should be placed in the front of the room, close to a
corner (Figure 4). Every room has its own unique sound, and flexibility in the exact placement of the
subwoofer is always desirable. In general, the closer the woofer is placed to a corner, the more bass
response you will hear. However, in many rooms, corner placement can produce too much bass and
the subwoofer will work best well away from the corner. Experiment to find the best position in your
room. Refer back to the wiring diagrams starting on page 5 for the correct wiring scheme for your
particular setup. Then proceed with listening.
Figure 4:
Typical arrangement for a single
subwoofer in a
home theater.
Start here
Less Bass
More Bass
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Atlantic Technology
Model 452 PBM THX
®
Subwoofer Tuning—Using the Variable Level Control
Figure 5:
Front Panel
Variable Level
Control located
behind the
removable grille
Start your listening with the high-pass filter set at 80Hz, the phase switch set to normal, and the
front panel variable level control (Figure 5) set to minimum, just above the Fixed THX clickstop
position. Play some music that you know has good bass content, and turn the level control up until
you just start to hear the subwoofer working. Now, from your
normal listening position, determine whether the subwoofer is
playing loud enough and filling in the bass frequencies of the
music evenly. If it needs adjustment, change the setting of the
front panel level control to compensate.
If the bass seems too heavy, move the subwoofer away from the
corner. If the bass seems too thin, move the subwoofer closer to
the corner. Small differences in positioning the subwoofer can
make big differences in the overall bass response. When you
find a position that seems to work well, try switching the phase switch between its two settings,
listening closely for the smoothest bass response. Remember, the most common error is to play
the subwoofer too loudly.
When two subwoofers are used, whether for Home THX operation, regular Dolby Pro Logic, Dolby
Digital AC-3, or DTS, they should be placed asymmetrically; that is, in slightly different positions on
each side of the television (Figure 6). This will help to attenuate room resonances that are common to
symmetrically positioned subwoofers.
Figure 6:
Assymmetrical
arrangement for
2 subwoofers in
a home theater,
for example, one
closer to a corner
than the other
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Atlantic Technology
Model 452 PBM THX
®
THX Settings
When using the 452 PBM THX in a system employing THX electronics, both the lo-pass filter on the
rear panel and the variable level control on the front panel should be set in the THX position for
proper operation. Rotate the variable level control fully counterclockwise until it clicks into the Fixed
THX position. This is the preset THX level, but you may increase the setting of this control to
compensate for room acoustics. The THX sound quality will not be compromised.
The Phase Invert Mode
A subwoofer operating out of phase with the rest of the system will not provide optimum low
frequency performance. Also, the correct subwoofer phase can enhance room acoustics. Since there is
so much variation in the industry regarding phase, and no standards have been established, a switch
that will reverse the phase of the subwoofer is provided on the subwoofer amplifier’s rear panel. Listen
to a monoraul musical source with strong bass content. (For example, you can use the mono switch on
an FM tuner or preamp, or use a Y-connector on the outputs of one of your source components to get a
mono signal.) Experiment with the position of the phase switch to get the most extended bass. It
should be obvious which is the correct setting.
A Word About Center Channel Modes
Many surround processors and surround receivers feature a “wide” and “normal” mode for the center
channel speaker. Atlantic Technology recommends that the center channel be operated in the
“normal” mode when using a powered subwoofer. The center channel speaker will sound more
dynamic and the intelligibility of the system will generally be improved when in the “normal” mode.
Subwoofer Troubleshooting Guide
Once your subwoofer is set up, you should have many years of maintenance free enjoyment from your
system. However, if you should encounter a problem, refer to the following guide to help you find the
solution. If a problem persists, you should contact your local authorized Atlantic Technology dealer.
Problem
Possible Cause
Possible Solution
No bass output
AC power cord unplugged or plugged into a non-working outlet.
Input cables not securely connected or defective.
Plug into a working outlet.
Check all connections, then try another input cable.
Audible buzz
or hum
Input cable not securely connected or defective.
Single HI LEVEL input connected to the RIGHT channel only.
Ground loop through antenna or cable TV system input.
Check all connections, then try another input cable.
Connect to the LEFT input channel.
Test by disconnecting antenna and/or cable system input leads.
If hum goes away, install isolation balun(s) at that point.
More than one
source audible
More than one source is playing.
All the subwoofer’s inputs are active at all times. Turn off
unwanted source.
Weak bass
Subwoofer too far from the wall.
VARIABLE INPUT LEVEL set too low.
Move the subwoofer closer to a wall or corner.
Turn control up somewhat.
Weak bass: vague stereo image
Input source connected to HI LEVEL inputs is wired out of phase.
Check speaker wire connections and reconnect in proper phase.
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Atlantic Technology
Model 452 PBM THX
®
Model 452 PBM THX Specifications
Bass Driver
15 high excursion"
Output Power (rms)
325W
Distortion (amplifier)
0.025%
Frequency Response (±3 dB)
25Hz – 500Hz
Input Impedance
High Level (speaker)
Low Level (line)
10kΩ
1kΩ
Peak SPL
110dB
Dimensions
(W X H X D)
16.75 x 22.625 x 19.625in
425 x 575 x 500mm
Weight
86lbs/39kg
Power
Requirements
110V AC 50/60Hz
240V AC 50/60Hz
Specifications are those in effect at the time of printing. Atlantic Technology reserves the
right to change specifications or designs at any time without notice. THX and Lucasfilm
are registered trademarks of Lucasfilm Ltd. Dolby Digital, AC-3, Dolby Stereo and Dolby
Pro Logic are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. DTS is a registered
trademark of Digital Theater Systems, Inc.
For Future Reference
Record your speaker serial number and date of purchase here:
Model Number
Serial Number
Date of Purchase
The serial number is found on the back of the speaker near the connecting terminals.
CAUTION: To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not remove
the cover (or back). No user serviceable parts inside. Refer to
qualified personnel.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not
expose this appliance to rain or moisture.
The lightning flash with arrowhead, within an
equilateral triangle, is intended to alert the user
to the presence of uninsulated “dangerous
voltage” within the product’s enclosure that
may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a
risk of electrical shock to persons.
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12
The exclamation point within an equilateral
triangle is intended to alert the user to the
presence of important operating maintenance
(servicing) instructions in the literature
accompanying the appliance.
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010-1452
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