datasheet for CS8952
CS8952
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
Features
Description
Single-Chip IEEE 802.3 Physical Interface IC for
100BASE-TX, 100BASE-FX and 10BASE-T
Adaptive Equalizer provides Extended Length
Operation (>160 m) with Superior Noise
Immunity and NEXT Margin
Extremely Low Transmit Jitter (<400 ps)
Low Common Mode Noise on TX Driver for
Reduced EMI Problems
Integrated RX and TX Filters for 10BASE-T
Compensation for Back-to-Back “Killer Packets”
Digital Interfaces Supported
– Media Independent Interface (MII) for 100BASE-X
and 10BASE-T
– Repeater 5-bit code-group interface (100BASE-X)
– 10BASE-T Serial Interface
Register Set Compatible with DP83840A
IEEE 802.3 Auto-Negotiation with Next Page
Support
Six LED drivers (LNK, COL, FDX, TX, RX, and
SPD)
Low power (135 mA Typ) CMOS design operates
on a single 5 V supply
The CS8952 uses CMOS technology to deliver a highperformance, low-cost 100BASE-X/10BASE-T Physical
Layer (PHY) line interface. It makes use of an adaptive
equalizer optimized for noise and near end crosstalk
(NEXT) immunity to extend receiver operation to cable
lengths exceeding 160 m. In addition, the transmit circuitry has been designed to provide extremely low
transmit jitter (<400 ps) for improved link partner performance. Transmit driver common mode noise has been
minimized to reduce EMI for simplified FCC certification.
The CS8952 incorporates a standard Media Independent Interface (MII) for easy connection to a variety of 10
and 100 Mb/s Media Access Controllers (MACs). The
CS8952 also includes a pseudo-ECL interface for use
with 100Base-FX fiber interconnect modules.
ORDERING INFORMATION
See “Ordering Information” on page 80.
CS8952 10BaseT/100Base-X
Transceiver
TX_EN
TX_ER/TXD4
TXD[3:0]
TX_CLK
CRS
COL
RX_ER/RXD4
RX_DV
RXD[3:0]
RX_CLK
RX_EN
http://www.cirrus.com
4B/5B
Encoder
Media Independent Interface
(MII)
MDC
MII_IRQ
MDIO
10/100
Manchester
Encoder
Scrambler
10BaseT
Filter
MLT-3
Encoder
Slew Rate
Control
Fiber NRZI
Interface
Fiber NRZI
Interface
M
U
X
TX+,
TX-
ECL Driver
TX_NRZ+,
TX_NRZ-
ECL Receiver
RX_NRZ+,
RX_NRZ-
10/100
M
U
X
4B/5B
Decoder
Descrambler
MLT-3
Decoder
Manchester
Decoder
MII
Control/Status
Registers
Link
Management
Timing
Recovery
100BaseT
Slicer
Adaptive Eq. &
Baseline Wander
Compensation
10BaseT
Slicer
10BaseT
Filter
Auto
Negotiation
LED
Drivers
Copyright © Cirrus Logic, Inc. 2007
(All Rights Reserved)
RX+,
RX-
LED1
LED2
LED3
LED4
LED5
JAN ‘07
DS206F1
CS8952
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. SPECIFICATIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS......................................................... 3
2. INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 18
2.1 High Performance Analog ............................................................................. 18
2.2 Low Power Consumption .............................................................................. 18
2.3 Application Flexibility..................................................................................... 18
2.4 Typical Connection Diagram ......................................................................... 18
3. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ................................................................................ 18
3.1 Major Operating Modes................................................................................. 20
3.1.1 100BASE-X MII Application (TX and FX) ........................................... 20
Symbol Encoding and Decoding ........................................................... 20
100 Mb/s Loopback ............................................................................... 22
3.1.2 100BASE-X Repeater Application ...................................................... 22
3.1.3 10BASE-T MII Application .................................................................. 23
Full and Half Duplex operation .............................................................. 23
Collision Detection ................................................................................ 23
Jabber ................................................................................................... 23
Link Pulses ............................................................................................ 23
Receiver Squelch .................................................................................. 23
10BASE-T Loopback ............................................................................. 23
Carrier Detection ................................................................................... 24
3.1.4 10BASE-T Serial Application .............................................................. 24
3.2 Auto-Negotiation ........................................................................................... 24
3.3 Reset Operation ............................................................................................ 25
3.4 LED Indicators............................................................................................... 25
4. MEDIA INDEPENDENT INTERFACE (MII) ............................................................. 25
4.1 MII Frame Structure ...................................................................................... 26
4.2 MII Receive Data........................................................................................... 26
4.3 MII Transmit Data.......................................................................................... 27
4.4 MII Management Interface ............................................................................ 27
4.5 MII Management Frame Structure ................................................................ 28
5. CONFIGURATION .................................................................................................. 29
5.1 Configuration At Power-up/Reset Time......................................................... 29
5.2 Configuration Via Control Pins ...................................................................... 29
5.3 Configuration via the MII ............................................................................... 29
6. CS8952 REGISTERS .............................................................................................. 30
7. DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS .................................................................................. 62
7.1 Twisted Pair Interface ................................................................................... 62
7.2 100BASE-FX Interface.................................................................................. 62
7.3 Internal Voltage Reference ........................................................................... 63
7.4 Clocking Schemes ........................................................................................ 63
7.5 Recommended Magnetics ............................................................................ 64
7.6 Power Supply and Decoupling ...................................................................... 64
7.7 General Layout Recommendations............................................................... 65
8. PIN DESCRIPTIONS ............................................................................................... 67
9. PACKAGE DIMENSIONS. ...................................................................................... 79
10. ORDERING INFORMATION ................................................................................. 80
11. ENVIRONMENTAL, MANUFACTURING, & HANDLING INFORMATION ........... 80
12. REVISION HISTORY ............................................................................................ 81
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
2
CS8952
1.
SPECIFICATIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (AVSS, DVSS = 0 V, all voltages with respect to 0 V.)
Parameter
Symbol
VDD
VDD_MII
Power Supply
Input Current
Input Voltage
Ambient Temperature
Storage Temperature
WARNING:
Except Supply Pins
Power Applied
Min
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-55
-65
Max
6.0
6.0
+/-10.0
VDD + 0.3
+125
+150
Unit
V
mA
V
°C
°C
Operation at or beyond these limits may result in permanent damage to the device.
Normal operation is not guaranteed at these extremes.
RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS (AVSS, DVSS = 0 V, all voltages with respect
to 0 V.)
Parameter
Power Supply
Core
MII
Operating Ambient Temperature
Symbol
VDD
VDD_MII
TA
Min
4.75
3.0
0
Max
5.25
5.25
70
Unit
V
V
°C
QUARTZ CRYSTAL REQUIREMENTS (If a 25 MHz quartz crystal is used, it must meet the following specifications.)
Parameter
Parallel Resonant Frequency
Resonant Frequency Error (CL = 15 pF)
Resonant Frequency Change Over Operating Temperature
Crystal Load Capacitance
Motional Crystal Capacitance
Series Resistance
Shunt Capacitance
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Min
-50
-40
-
Typ
25.0
15
0.021
-
Max
+50
+40
18
7
Unit
MHz
ppm
ppm
pF
pF
Ω
pF
3
CS8952
DC CHARACTERISTICS
(Over recommended operating conditions)
Parameter
External Oscillator
XTAL_I Input Low Voltage
XTAL_I Input High Voltage
XTAL_I Input Low Current
XTAL_I Input High Current
XTAL_I Input Capacitance
XTAL_I Input Cycle Time
XTAL_I Input Low Time
XTAL_I Input High Time
Power Supply
Power Supply Current
100BASE-TX (Note 1)
100BASE-FX (Note 1)
10BASE-T (Note 1)
Hardware Power-Down
(Note 1)
Software Power-Down
(Note 1)
Low Power Power-Up
(Note 1)
Digital I/O
Output Low Voltage
CLK25, MII_IRQ, SPD10, SPD100 IOL = 4.0mA
LED[4:0]
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VIXH
VIXH
IIXL
IIXH
CL
tIXC
tIXL
tXH
-0.3
3.5
-40
39.996
18
18
-
0.5
VDD+0.5
40
35
40.004
22
22
V
V
µA
µA
pF
ns
ns
ns
-
135
90
80
900
20
900
145
-
mA
-
-
0.4
-
-
0.4
IDD
IDDHPDN
IDDSPDN
IDDSLPUP
V
VOL
IOL = 10.0mA
Output Low Voltage (MII_DRV = 1)
COL, CRS, MDIO, RXD[3:0],
RX_CLK, RX_DV, RX_ER,
TX_CLK
IOL = 4.0mA
VDD_MII = 5V; IOL = 43.0mA
VDD_MII = 3.3V, IOL = 26.0mA
VOL
Output Low Voltage (MII_DRV = 0)
COL, CRS, MDIO, RXD[3:0],
RX_CLK, RX_DV, RX_ER,
TX_CLK
VOL
Output High Voltage
CLK25, SPD10, SPD100
µA
mA
µA
V
-
IOL = 4.0mA
-
0.4
3.05
2.1
V
-
-
0.4
2.4
-
-
VOH
IOH = -4.0mA
Output High Voltage (MII_DRV = 1)
COL, CRS, MDIO, RXD[3:0],
RX_CLK, RX_DV, RX_ER,
TX_CLK
IOH= -4.0mA
VDD_MII = 5V; IOH = -20.0mA
VDD_MII = 3.3V, IOH = -20.0mA
V
VOH
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
V
2.4
1.1
1.1
-
-
4
CS8952
DC CHARACTERISTICS
(CONTINUED) (Over recommended operating conditions)
Parameter
Output High Voltage (MII_DRV = 0)
COL, CRS, MDIO, RXD[3:0],
RX_CLK, RX_DV, RX_ER,
TX_CLK
IOH = -4.0mA
Input Low Voltage
All Inputs Except AN[1:0], TCM, TXSLEW[1:0]
Input High Voltage
All Inputs Except AN[1:0], TCM, TXSLEW[1:0]
Tri-Level Input Voltages
AN[1:0], TCM, TXSLEW[1:0]
Input Low Current
MDC, TXD[3:0], TX_CLK, TX_EN,
TX_ER
MDIO
Min
Typ
Max
2.4
-
-
VIL
-
-
0.8
V
VIH
2.0
-
-
V
VIL
-
-
1/3 VDD_MII
- 20%
V
VIM
1/3 VDD_MII
+ 20%
-
2/3 VDD_MII
- 20%
VIH
2/3 VDD_MII
+ 20%
-
-
IIL
VI = 0.0V
Unit
V
µA
-20
-
-
-3800
-
-
VI = 0.0V
Input High Current
MDC, TXD[3:0], TX_CLK, TX_EN,
TX_ER
VI = 5.0V
MDIO
VI = 5.0V
Input Leakage Current
All Other Inputs
Symbol
VOH
IIH
µA
-
-
200
-
-
20
-10
-
+10
ILEAK
0<=V<=VDD
µA
Notes: 1. With digital outputs connected to CMOS loads.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
5
CS8952
10BASE-T CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter
10BASE-T Interface
Transmitter Differential Output Voltage (Peak)
Receiver Normal Squelch Level (Peak)
Receiver Low Squelch Level (LoRxSquelch bit
set)
10BASE-T Transmitter
TXD Pair Jitter into 100 Ω Load
TXD Pair Return to ≤ 50 mV after Last Positive
Transition
TXD Pair Positive Hold Time at End of Packet
10BASE-T Receiver
Allowable Received Jitter at Bit Cell Center
Allowable Received Jitter at Bit Cell Boundary
10BASE-T Link Integrity
First Transmitted Link Pulse after Last Transmitted Packet
Time Between Transmitted Link Pulses
Width of Transmitted Link Pulses
Minimum Received Link Pulses Separation
Maximum Received Link Pulse Separation
Last Receive Activity to Link Fail (Link Loss
Timer)
10Base-T Jabber/Unjabber Timing
Maximum Transmit Time
Unjabber Time
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VOD
VISQ
VSQL
2.2
300
125
-
2.8
525
290
V
mV
mV
tTTX1
tTTX2
-
-
8
4.5
ns
µs
tTTX3
250
-
-
ns
tTRX1
tTRX2
-
-
+/-13.5
+/-13.5
ns
ns
tLN1
15
16
17
ms
tLN2
tLN3
tLN4
tLN5
tLN6
15
60
2
25
50
16
5
52
52
17
200
7
150
150
ms
ns
ms
ms
ms
-
105
406
-
ms
ms
t TTX2
TXD±
t TTX1
t TTX3
RXD±
t RTX3
t RTX1
t RTX2
t RTX4
Carrier Sense
(Internal)
t LN1
t LN2
t LN3
TXD±
t LN4
t LN5
RXD±
t LN6
LINKLED
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
6
CS8952
100BASE-X CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter
100BASE-TX Transmitter
TX Differential Output Voltage (Peak)
Signal Amplitude Symmetry
Signal Rise/Fall Time
Rise/Fall Symmetry
Duty Cycle Distortion
Overshoot/Undershoot
Transmit Jitter
TX Differential Output Impedance
100BASE-TX Receiver
Receive Signal Detect Assert Threshold
Receive Signal Detect De-assert Threshold
Receive Signal Detect Assert Time
Receive Signal Detect De-assert Time
100BASE-FX Transmitter
TX_NRZ+/- Output Voltage - Low
TX_NRZ+/- Output Voltage - High
Signal Rise/Fall Time
100Base-FX Receiver
RX_NRZ+/- Input Voltage - Low
RX_NRZ+/- Input Voltage - High
Common Mode Input Range
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VOP
VSYM
tRF
tRFS
tDCD
tOS
tJT
ZOUT
0.95
98
3.0
-
400
100
1.05
102
5.0
0.5
+/-0.5
5
1400
-
V
%
ns
ns
ns
%
ps
ohms
0.2
-
-
1.0
1000
350
Vp-p
Vp-p
µs
µs
V1
V2
TRF
-1.830
-1.035
-
-
-1.605
-0.880
1.6
V
V
ns
V3
V4
-1.830
-1.035
-
3.56
-1.605
-0.880
-
V
V
V
VCMIP
RX/TX Signaling for 100Base-FX
VDD
TX_NRZ+/-
V1
V2
RX_NRZ+/-
V3
V4
0
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
7
CS8952
100BASE-TX MII RECEIVE TIMING - 4B/5B ALIGNED MODES
Parameter
RX_CLK Period
RX_CLK Pulse Width
RXD[3:0],RX_ER/RXD4,RX_DV setup to rising
edge of RX_CLK
RXD[3:0],RX_ER/RXD4,RX_DV hold from rising
edge of RX_CLK
CRS to RXD latency
4B Aligned
5B Aligned
“Start of Stream” to CRS asserted
“End of Stream” to CRS de-asserted
“Start of Stream” to COL asserted
“End of Stream” to COL de-asserted
RX_EN asserted to RX_DV, RXD[3:0] valid
RX_EN de-asserted to RX_DV, RXD[3:0].
RX_ER/RXD4 in high impedance state
RX+/-
Symbol
tP
tWL, tWH
tSU
Min
10
Typ
40
20
-
Max
-
Unit
ns
ns
ns
tHD
10
-
-
ns
tDLAT
2
2
-
3-6
3-6
10
TBD
TBD
8
8
11
21
11
21
-
BT
tCRS1
tCRS2
tCOL1
tCOL2
tEN
tDIS
Start of
Stream
End of
Stream
BT
BT
BT
BT
ns
ns
IN
tCRS2
tCRS1
CRS
OUT
tCOL2
tCOL1
COL
OUT
tEN
tDIS
RX_EN
IN
tRLAT
RX_DV
RXD[3:0],
RX_ER/RXD4
tSU tHD
OUT
OUT
tP
RX_CLK
tWL tWH
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
OUT
8
CS8952
100BASE-TX MII RECEIVE TIMING - 5B BYPASS ALIGN MODE
Parameter
RX_CLK Period
RX_CLK Pulse Width
RXD[4:0] setup to rising edge of RX_CLK
RXD[4:0] hold after rising edge of RX_CLK
Start of 5B symbol to symbol output on RX[4:0]
5B Mode
RX+/-
RX Symbol
0
Symbol
tP
tWL, tWH
tSU
tHD
tRLAT
RX Symbol
N-1
tRLAT
tSU
RX Symbol
N
Typ
40
20
-
Max
9
Unit
ns
ns
ns
ns
BT
IN
tHD
RX Data
0
RXD[4:0],
Min
10
10
5
RX Data
1
OUT
tP
RX_CLK
tWL tWH
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
OUT
9
CS8952
100BASE-TX MII TRANSMIT TIMING - 4B/5B ALIGN MODES
Parameter
TXD[3:0] Setup to TX_CLK High
TX_EN Setup to TX_CLK High
TXD[3:0] Hold after TX_CLK High
TX_ER Hold after TX_CLK High
TX_EN Hold after TX_CLK High
TX_EN “high” to CRS asserted latency
TX_EN “low” to CRS de-asserted latency
TX_EN “high” to TX+/- output (TX Latency)
Symbol
tSU1
tSU2
tHD1
tHD2
tHD3
tCRS1
Min
10
10
0
0
0
-
tCRS2
-
tLAT
6
Typ
-
7
TX_CLK
Unit
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
BT
8
BT
8
BT
Input/Output
tHD2
tSU2
TX_EN
Input
tSU1
TXD[3:0],
TX_ER/TXD4
Max
8
tHD1
Data
IN
Input
tCRS1
tCRS2
Output
CRS
tLAT
TX+/-
Symbol
Out
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Output
10
CS8952
100BASE-TX MII TRANSMIT TIMING - 5B BYPASS ALIGN MODE
Parameter
TXD[4:0] Setup to TX_CLK High
TXD[4:0] Hold after TX_CLK High
TX_ER Hold after TX_CLK High
TXD[4:0] Sampled to TX+/- output (TX Latency)
Symbol
tSU1
tHD1
tHD2
tLAT
TX_CLK
Typ
6
Max
7
Unit
ns
ns
ns
ns
Input/Output
tSU1
TXD[4:0]
Min
10
0
0
-
tHD1
Data
IN
Input
tLAT
TX+/-
Symbol
OUT
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Output
11
CS8952
10BASE-T MII RECEIVE TIMING
Parameter
RX_CLK Period
RX_CLK Pulse Width
RXD[3:0], RX_ER, RX_DV setup to rising edge of
RX_CLK
RXD[3:0], RX_ER, RX_DV hold from rising edge
of RX_CLK
RX data valid from CRS
RX+/- preamble to CRS asserted
RX+/- end of packet to CRS de-asserted
RX+/- preamble to COL asserted
RX+/- end of packet to COL de-asserted
RX_EN asserted to RX_DV, RXD[3:0], RX_ER
valid
RX_EN de-asserted to RX_DV, RXD[3:0]. RX_ER
in high impedance state
Symbol
tP
tWL, tWH
tSU
Min
30
Typ
400
200
-
Max
-
Unit
ns
ns
ns
tHD
30
-
-
ns
tRLAT
tCRS1
tCRS2
tCOL1
tCOL2
tEN
0
-
8
5
2.5
-
10
7
3
7
3
60
BT
BT
BT
BT
BT
ns
tDIS
-
-
60
ns
IN
RX+/tCRS2
tCRS1
CRS
OUT
tCOL2
tCOL1
COL
OUT
tEN
tDIS
RX_EN
IN
tRLAT
RX_DV
tSU tHD
RXD[3:0],
RX_ER
RX_CLK
OUT
OUT
tWL
OUT
tWH
tP
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
12
CS8952
10BASE-T MII TRANSMIT TIMING
Parameter
TXD[3:0] Setup to TX_CLK High
TX_ER Setup to TX_CLK High
TX_EN Setup to TX_CLK High
TXD[3:0] Hold after TX_CLK High
TX_ER Hold after TX_CLK High
TX_EN Hold after TX_CLK High
TX_EN “high” to CRS asserted latency
TX_EN “low” to CRS de-asserted latency
TX_EN “high” to TX+/- output (TX Latency)
SQE Timing
COL (SQE) Delay after CRS de-asserted
COL (SQE) Pulse Duration
Symbol
tSU1
tSU2
tSU3
tHD1
tHD2
tHD3
tCRS1
tCRS2
tLAT
Min
10
10
10
0
0
0
0
0
6
Typ
-
Max
4
16
14
Unit
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
BT
BT
BT
tCOL
tCOLP
0.65
0.65
0.9
1.0
1.6
1.6
µs
µs
10BASE-T Transmit Timing
TX_CLK
Input/Output
tSU3
tHD3
TX_EN
Input
tSU2
tHD2
TX_ER
Input
tSU1
tHD1
Input
TXD[3:0]
tCRS1
tCRS2
Output
CRS
tLAT
TX+/-
Valid
Data
Output
SQE Timing
TX_CLK
COL
Input/Output
tSQE
tSQEP
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Output
13
CS8952
10BASE-T SERIAL RECEIVE TIMING
Parameter
RX+/- active to RXD[0] active
RX+/- active to CRS active
RXD[0] setup from RX_CLK
RXD[0] hold from RX_CLK
RX_CLK hold after CRS off
RXD[0] throughput delay
CRS turn off delay
Symbol
tDATA
tCRS
tRDS
tRDH
tRCH
tRD
tCRSOFF
Min
35
50
5
-
Typ
-
Max
1200
600
250
400
Unit
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
IN
RX+/tCRSOFF
tCRS
tRD
CRS
tRCH
OUT
RX_CLK
OUT
tDATA
tSU tHD
RXD[0]
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
OUT
14
CS8952
10BASE-T SERIAL TRANSMIT TIMING
Parameter
TX_EN Setup from TX_CLK
TX_EN Hold after TX_CLK
TXD[0] Setup from TX_CLK
TXD[0] Hold after TX_CLK
Transmit start-up delay
Transmit throughput delay
Symbol
tEHCH
tCHEL
tDSCH
tCHDU
tSTUD
tTPD
Min
10
10
10
10
-
Typ
-
TX_CLK
Unit
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
Input/Output
tEHCH
tCHEL
TX_EN
Input
tDSCH
tCHDU
Input
TXD[0]
tSTUD
TX+/-
Max
500
500
tPD
Valid
Data
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Output
15
CS8952
AUTO NEGOTIATION / FAST LINK PULSE TIMING
Parameter
FLP burst to FLP burst
FLP burst width
Clock/Data pulses per burst
Clock/Data pulse width
Clock pulse to Data pulse
Clock pulse to clock pulse
Symbol
tBTB
tFLPW
-
tPW
tCTD
tCTC
Min
15
17
55.5
111
Typ
16
2
100
64
128
Max
17
33
69.5
139
Unit
ms
ms
ea.
ns
µs
µs
TX+/tFLPW
tBTB
TX+/-
Clock
Pulse
Data
Pulse
tPW
tPW
Clock
Pulse
tCTD
tCTC
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
16
CS8952
SERIAL MANAGEMENT INTERFACE TIMING
Parameter
Symbol
tp
tWL,tWH
tMD1
tMD2
tMD3
MDC Period
MDC Pulse Width
MDIO Setup to MDC (MDIO as input)
MDIO Hold after MDC (MDIO as input)
MDC to MDIO valid (MDIO as output)
Min
60
40
10
10
0
Typ
-
Max
60
40
Unit
ns
%
ns
ns
ns
DIRECTION:
IN or OUT of chip
MDC
IN
t MD1 t MD2
MDIO
Valid Data Valid Data
IN
t MD3
MDIO
Valid Data
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
OUT
17
CS8952
2. INTRODUCTION
The CS8952 is a complete physical-layer transceiver for 100BASE-TX and 10BASE-T applications.
Additionally, the CS8952 can be used with an external optical module for 100BASE-FX.
to the Analog Design Considerations section for
detailed information on power supply requirements
and decoupling, crystal and magnetics requirements, and twisted-pair and fiber transceiver connections.
2.1
3. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
High Performance Analog
The highly integrated mixed-signal design of the
CS8952 eliminates the need for external analog circuitry such as external transmit or receive filters.
The CS8952 builds upon Cirrus Logic’s experience
in pioneering the high-volume manufacturing of
10BASE-T integrated circuits with “true” internal
filters. The CS8952, CS8920, CS8904, and
CS8900 include fifth-order, continuous-time Butterworth 10BASE-T transmit and receive filters, allowing those products to meet 10BASE-T wave
shape, emission, and frequency content requirements without external filters.
2.2
Low Power Consumption
The CS8952 is implemented in low power CMOS,
consuming only 135 mA typically. Three low-power modes are provided to make the CS8952 ideal
for power sensitive applications such as CardBus.
2.3
Application Flexibility
The CS8952’s digital interface and operating
modes can be tailored to efficiently support a wide
variety of applications. For example, the Media Independent Interface (MII) supports 100BASE-TX,
100BASE-FX and 10BASE-T NIC cards, switch
ports and router ports. Additionally, the low-latency “repeater” interface mode minimizes data delay
through the CS8952, facilitating system compliance with overall network delay budgets. To support 10BASE-T applications, the CS8952 provides
a 10BASE-T serial port (Seven-wire ENDEC interface).
2.4
Typical Connection Diagram
Figure 1 illustrates a typical MII to CS8952 application with twisted-pair and fiber interfaces. Refer
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
The CS8952 is a complete physical-layer transceiver for 100BASE-TX and 10BASE-T applications.
It provides a Physical Coding Sub-layer for communication with an external MAC (Media Access
Controller). The CS8952 also includes a complete
Physical Medium Attachment layer and a
100BASE-TX and 10BASE-T Physical Medium
Dependent layer. Additionally, the CS8952 provides a PECL interface to an external optical module for 100BASE-FX applications.
The primary digital interface to the CS8952 is an
enhanced IEEE 802.3 Media Independent Interface
(MII). The MII supports parallel data transfer, access to the CS8952 Control and Status registers,
and several status and control pins. The CS8952's
operating modes can be tailored to support a wide
variety of applications, including low-latency
100BASE-TX repeaters, switches and MII-based
network interface cards.
For 100BASE-TX applications, the digital data interface can be either 4-bit parallel (nibbles) or 5-bit
parallel (code-groups). For 10BASE-T applications, the digital data format can be either 4-bit parallel (nibbles) or one-bit serial.
The CS8952 is controlled primarily by configuration registers via the MII Management Interface.
Additionally, a number of the most fundamental
register bits can be set at power-up and reset time
by connecting pull-up or pull-down resistors to external pins.
The CS8952's MII interface is enhanced beyond
IEEE requirements by register extensions and the
addition of pins for MII_IRQ, RX_EN, and ISODEF signals. The MII_IRQ pin provides an inter18
CS8952
VDD_MII
4.99 kΩ
25 MHz
4.7 kΩ
0.1 µF
4.7 kΩ 1.5 kΩ
XTAL_I XTAL_O
4
33 Ω
33 Ω
RES
VSS17
49.9 Ω
49.9 Ω
RX+
TX_EN
TX_CLK
RX_CLK
RXD[0]
RXD[1]/PHYAD[1]
RXD[2]
RXD[3]/PHYAD[3]
RX_ER/RXD[4]/PHYAD[4]
RX_DV/MII_DRV
COL/PHYAD0
CRS/PHYAD[2]
33 Ω
33 Ω
33 Ω
33 Ω
33 Ω
33 Ω
33 Ω
33 Ω
MII
I/F
VSS18
MDIO
MDC
TXD
TX_ER/TXD[4]
RX-
75 Ω
51 Ω
51 Ω
51 Ω
75 Ω
51 Ω
51 Ω
51 Ω
TX+
SHLD
8
7
6
5
RJ45
4
3
2
1
SHLD
TX0.1 µF
0.1 µF
0.01 µF
2KV
CS8952
VDD_MII
4.7 k
LPSTRT
RX_EN
PWRDN
REPEATER
BPSCR
BP4B5B
CONTROL
I/F
+5 V
0.1 µF
SIGNAL+
SIGNAL-
BPALIGN
LPBK
+5 V
ISODEF
10BT_SER
RESET
MII_IRQ
82 Ω
68 Ω
0.1 µF
82 Ω
82 Ω
FIBER
TRANSCEIVER
63.4 Ω
VEE
SD+
680 Ω
SPEED10
49.9 Ω
680 Ω
TDTD+
49.9 Ω
VCC
VCC
RDRD+
VEE
TX_NRZTX_NRZ+
RX_NRZRX_NRZ+
SPEED100
0.1 µF
130 Ω
191 Ω
VDD_MII
130 Ω
130 Ω
+5 V
680 Ω
LED1
0.1 µF
680 Ω
0.1 µF
LED2
680 Ω
LED3
680 Ω
LED4
TXSLEW0
TXSLEW1
NC
NC
LED5
AN0
AN1
NC
NC
VDD_MII
TCM
680 Ω
3
10 µF
0.1 µF
+5 V
11
10 µF
VDD
0.1 µF
RSVD
7
VSS
TEST0 TEST1
21
Figure 1. Typical Connection Diagram
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
19
CS8952
rupt signal to the controller when a change of state
has occurred in the CS8952, eliminating the need
for the system to poll the CS8952 for state changes.
The RX_EN signal allows the receiver outputs to
be electrically isolated. The ISODEF pin controls
the value of register bit ISOLATE in the Basic
Mode Control Register (address 00h) which in turn
electrically isolates the CS8952's MII data path.
3.1
Operating Mode BPALIGN BP4B5B 10BT_SER
100BASE-X
1
Don’t
0
Repeater
Care
0
1
0
10BASE-T Serial
Don’t
Don’t
1
Care
Care
Table 1.
3.1.1
Major Operating Modes
The following sections describe the four major operating modes of the CS8952:
-
100BASE-X MII Modes (TX and FX)
-
100BASE-X Repeater Modes
-
10BASE-T MII Mode
-
10BASE-T Serial Mode
The choice of operating speed (10 Mb/s versus
100 Mb/s) is made using the auto-negotiation input
pins (AN0, AN1) and/or the auto-negotiation MII
registers. The auto-negotiation capability also is
used to select a duplex mode (full or half duplex).
Both speed and duplex modes can either be forced
or negotiated with the far-end link partner.
The digital interface mode (MII, repeater, or
10BASE-T serial) is selected by input pins
BPALIGN, BP4B5B and 10BT_SER as shown in
Table 1. Speed and duplex selection are made
through the AN[1:0] pins as shown in Table 5.
Operating Mode BPALIGN BP4B5B 10BT_SER
100BASE-X MII
0
0
0
10BASE-T MII
0
0
0
Table 1.
100BASE-X MII Application (TX
and FX)
The CS8952 provides an IEEE 802.3-compliant
MII interface. Data is transferred across the MII in
four-bit parallel (nibble) mode. TX_CLK and
RX_CLK are nominally 25 MHz for 100BASE-X.
The 100BASE-X mode includes both the TX and
FX modes, as determined by pin BPSCR (bypass
scrambler), or the BPSCR bit (bit 13) in the Loopback, Bypass, and Receiver Error Mask Register
(address 18h). In FX mode, an external optical
module is connected to the CS8952 via pins
TX_NRZ+, TX_NRZ-, RX_NRZ+, RX_NRZ-,
SIGNAL+, and SIGNAL-. In FX mode, the MLT3/NRZI conversion blocks and the scrambler/descrambler are bypassed.
3.1.1.1
Symbol Encoding and Decoding
In 100BASE-X modes, 4-bit nibble transmit data is
encoded into 5-bit symbols for transmission onto
the media as shown in Tables 2 and 3. The encoding is necessary to allow data and control symbols
to be sent consecutively along the same media
transparent to the MAC layer. This encoding causes the symbol rate transmitted across the wire (125
symbols/second) to be greater than the actual data
rate of the system (100 symbols/second).
DATA and CONTROL Codes (RX_ER = 0 or TX_ER = 0)
Name
DATA (Note 1)
0
1
5-bit Symbol
4-bit Nibble
11110
01001
0000
0001
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Comments
20
CS8952
DATA and CONTROL Codes (RX_ER = 0 or TX_ER = 0)
Name
5-bit Symbol 4-bit Nibble
Comments
2
10100
0010
3
10101
0011
4
01010
0100
5
01011
0101
6
01110
0110
7
01111
0111
8
10010
1000
9
10011
1001
A
10110
1010
B
10111
1011
C
11010
1100
D
11011
1101
E
11100
1110
F
11101
1111
CONTROL (Note 2)
I
11111
0101
IDLE (Note 3)
J
11000
0101
First Start of Stream Symbol
K
10001
0101
Second Start of Stream Symbol
T
01101
0000
First End of Stream Symbol
R
00111
0000
Second End of Stream Symbol
1. DATA code groups are indicated by RX_DV = 1
2. CONTROL code groups are inserted automatically during transmission in response to
TX_EN. They are not generated through any combination of TXD[3:0] or TX_ER.
3. IDLE is indicated by RX_DV = 0.
Table 2. 4B5B Symbol Encoding/Decoding
Code Violations (RX_ER = 1 or TX_ER = 1)
Name
5-bit Symbol
CONTROL (Note 1)
I
11111
J
11000
K
10001
T
01101
R
00111
CODE VIOLATIONS
H
00100
V0
00000
V1
00001
V2
00010
V3
00011
V4
00101
V5
00110
Normal Mode 4-bit
Nibble
Error Report
Mode 4-bit
Nibble
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0110 or 0101 (Note 2)
0110 or 0101 (Note 2)
0110 or 0101 (Note 2)
0110 or 0101 (Note 2)
0110 or 0101 (Note 2)
0110 or 0101 (Note 2)
0000
0001
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Comments
This portion of the table relates received
5-bit symbols to received 4-bit nibbles
only. The control code groups may not
be transmitted in the data portion of the
frame.
21
CS8952
Code Violations (RX_ER = 1 or TX_ER = 1)
Error Report
Normal Mode 4-bit
Mode 4-bit
Name
5-bit Symbol
Nibble
Nibble
Comments
V6
01000
0110 or 0101 (Note 2)
1100
V7
01100
0110 or 0101 (Note 2)
1101
V8
10000
0110 or 0101 (Note 2)
1110
V9
11001
0110 or 0101 (Note 2)
1111
1. CONTROL code groups become violations when found in the data portion of the frame.
2. Invalid code groups are mapped to 5h unless the Code Error Report select bit in the Loopback,
Bypass, and Receiver Error Mask Register (address 18h) is set, in which case invalid code groups are
mapped to 6h.
Table 3. 4B5B Code Violation Decoding
3.1.1.2
100 Mb/s Loopback
One of two internal 100BASE-TX loopback modes
can be selected. Local loopback redirects the
TXD[3:0] input data to RXD[3:0] data outputs
through the 4B5B coders and scramblers. Local
loopback is selected by asserting pin LPBK, by setting the LPBK bit (bit 14) in the Basic Mode Control Register (address 00h) or by setting bits 8 and
11 in the Loopback, Bypass, and Receiver Error
Mask Register (address 18h) as shown in Table 4.
Remote loopback redirects the analog line interface
inputs to the analog line driver outputs. Remote
loopback is selected by setting bit 9 in the Loopback, Bypass, and Receiver Error Mask Register
(address 18h) as shown in Table 4.
Remote
PMD
Function
Loopback Loopback
(bit 9)
(bit 8)
0
0
No Loopback
0
1
Local Loopback (toward MII)
1
0
Remote Loopback (toward line)
1
1
Operation is undefined
Table 4.
When changing between local and non-loopback
modes, the data on RXD[3:0] will be undefined for
approximately 330 µs.
3.1.2
100BASE-X Repeater Application
The CS8952 provides two low latency modes for
repeater applications. These are selected by asserting either pin BPALIGN or BP4B5B. Both pins
have the effect of bypassing the 4B5B encoder and
decoder. Bypassing the coders decreases latency,
and uses a 5-bit wide parallel code group interface
on pins RXD[4:0] and TXD[4:0] instead of the 4bit wide MII nibble interface on pins RXD[3:0] and
TXD[3:0]. In repeater mode, pin RX_ER is redefined as the fifth receive data bit (RXD4), and pin
TX_ER is redefined as the fifth transmit data bit
(TXD4).
BPALIGN can also be selected by setting bit 12 in
Loopback, Bypass, and Receiver Error Mask Register (address 18h). BP4B5B can be selected by setting bit 14 of the same register.
Pin BPALIGN causes more of the CS8952 to be
bypassed than the BP4B5B pin. BPALIGN also bypasses the scrambler/descrambler, and the NRZI to
NRZ converters (see Figure 1). Also, for repeater
applications, pin REPEATER should be asserted to
redefine the function of the CRS (carrier sense) pin.
The REPEATER function may also be invoked by
setting bit 12 in the PCS Sublayer Configuration
Register (address 17h).
For repeater applications, the RX_EN pin can be
used to gate the receive data pins (RXD[4:0],
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
22
CS8952
RX_CLK, RX_DV, COL, and CRS) onto a shared,
external repeater system bus.
3.1.3
10BASE-T MII Application
The digital interface used in this mode is the same
as that used in the 100BASE-X MII mode except
that TX_CLK and RX_CLK are nominally
2.5 MHz.
The CS8952 includes a full-featured 10BASE-T interface, as described in the following sections.
3.1.3.1
Full and Half Duplex operation
The 10BASE-T function supports full and half duplex operation as determined by pins AN[1:0]
and/or the corresponding MII register bits. (See Table 5).
3.1.3.2
Collision Detection
If half duplex operation is selected, the CS8952 detects a 10BASE-T collision whenever the receiver
and transmitter are active simultaneously. When a
collision is present, the collision is reported on pin
COL. Collision detection is undefined for full-duplex operation.
3.1.3.3
Jabber
The jabber timer monitors the transmitter and disables the transmission if the transmitter is active for
greater than approximately 105 ms. The transmitter
stays disabled until approximately 406 ms after the
internal transmit request is no longer enabled.
3.1.3.4
Link Pulses
To prevent disruption of network operation due to a
faulty link segment, the CS8952 continually monitors the 10BASE-T receive pair (RXD+ and RXD-)
for packets and link pulses. After each packet or link
pulse is received, an internal Link-Loss timer is
started. As long as a packet or link pulse is received
before the Link-Loss timer finishes (between 50 and
100 ms), the CS8952 maintains normal operation. If
no receive activity is detected, the CS8952 disables
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
packet transmission to prevent “blind” transmissions onto the network (link pulses are still sent
while packet transmission is disabled). To reactivate
transmission, the receiver must detect a single packet (the packet itself is ignored), or two normal link
pulses separated by more than 6 ms and no more
than 50 ms.
The CS8952 automatically checks the polarity of
the receive half of the twisted pair cable. To detect
a reversed pair, the receiver examines received link
pulses and the End-of-Frame (EOF) sequence of
incoming packets. If it detects at least one reversed
link pulse and at least four frames in a row with
negative polarity after the EOF, the receive pair is
considered reversed. If the polarity is reversed and
bit 1 of the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch), is set, the CS8952 automatically corrects a reversal.
In the absence of transmit packets, the transmitter
generates link pulses in accordance with
Section 14.2.1.1 of the Ethernet standard. Transmitted link pulses are positive pulses, one bit time
wide, typically generated at a rate of one every
16 ms. The 16 ms timer also starts whenever the
transmitter completes an End-of-Frame (EOF) sequence. Thus, a link pulse will be generated 16 ms
after an EOF unless there is another transmitted
packet.
3.1.3.5
Receiver Squelch
The 10BASE-T squelch circuit determines when
valid data is present on the RXD+/RXD- pair. Incoming signals passing through the receive filter
are tested by the squelch circuit. Any signal with
amplitude less than the squelch threshold (either
positive or negative, depending on polarity) is rejected.
3.1.3.6
10BASE-T Loopback
When Loopback is selected, the TXD[3:0] pins are
looped back into the RXD[3:0] pins through the
23
CS8952
Manchester Encoder and Decoder. Selection is
made via:
-
setting bit 14 in the Basic Mode Control
Register (address 00h) or
-
setting bits 8 and 11 in the Loopback, Bypass, and Receiver Error Mask Register
(address 18h) or
-
asserting the LPBK pin.
3.1.3.7
Carrier Detection
The carrier detect circuit informs the MAC that valid receive data is present by asserting the Carrier
Sense signal (CRS) as soon it detects a valid bit pattern (1010b or 0101b for 10BASE-T). During normal packet reception, CRS remains asserted while
the frame is being received, and is de-asserted
within 2.3 bit times after the last low-to-high transition of the End-of-Frame (EOF) sequence. Whenever the receiver is idle (no receive activity), CRS
is de-asserted.
3.1.4
10BASE-T Serial Application
This mode is selected when pin 10BT_SERis asserted during power-up or reset, and operates similar to the 10BASE_T MII mode except that data is
transferred serially on pins RXD0 and TXD0 using
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
a 10 MHz RX_CLK and TX_CLK. Receive data is
framed by CRS rather than RX_DV.
3.2
Auto-Negotiation
The CS8952 supports auto-negotiation, which is
the mechanism that allows the two devices on either end of an Ethernet link segment to share information and automatically configure both devices
for maximum performance. When configured for
auto-negotiation, the CS8952 will detect and automatically operate full-duplex at 100 Mb/s if the device on the other end of the link segment also
supports full-duplex, 100 Mb/s operation, and
auto-negotiation. The CS8952 auto-negotiation capability is fully compliant with the relevant portions of section 28 of the IEEE 802.3u standard.
The CS8952 can auto-negotiate both operating
speed (10 versus 100 Mb/s), duplex mode (half duplex versus full duplex), and flow control (pause
frames), or alternatively can be set not to negotiate.
At power-up and reset times, the auto-negotiation
mode is selected via the auto-negotiation input pins
(AN[1:0]). This selection can later be changed using the Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Register
(address 04h).
Pins AN[1:0] are three level inputs, and have the
function shown in Table 5.
24
CS8952
SET bit (bit 15 of the Basic Mode Control Register (address 00h)) is set.
AN1
AN0
Low
High
Floating
Floating
Floating
Low
Low
High
High
Floating
Floating
Low
High
Floating
Low
High
Low
High
Forced/
Auto
Forced
Forced
Forced
Forced
Auto-Neg
Auto-Neg
Auto-Neg
Auto-Neg
Auto-Neg
Speed
(Mb/s)
10
10
100
100
100/10
10
10
100
100
Full/Half
Duplex
Half
Full
Half
Full
Full/Half
Half
Full
Half
Full
Table 5.
Auto-Negotiation encapsulates information within
a burst of closely spaced Link Integrity Test Pulses,
referred to as a Fast Link Pulse (FLP) Burst. The
FLP Burst consists of a series of Link Integrity
Pulses which form an alternating clock / data sequence. Extraction of the data bits from the FLP
Burst yields a Link Code Word which identifies the
capability of the remote device.
In order to support legacy 10 and 100 Mb/s devices, the CS8952 also supports parallel detection. In
parallel detection, the CS8952 monitors activity on
the media to determine the capability of the link
partner even without auto-negotiation having occurred.
3.3
Reset Operation
Reset occurs in response to six different conditions:
1) There is a chip-wide reset whenever the RESET pin is high for at least 200 ns. During a
chip-wide reset, all circuitry and registers in the
CS8952 are reset.
4) Digital circuitry is reset whenever bit 0 of the
PCS Sub-Layer Configuration Register (address 17h) is set. Analog circuitry is unaffected.
5) Analog circuitry is reset and recalibrated whenever the CS8952 enters or exits the powerdown state, as requested by pin PWRDN.
6) Analog circuitry is reset and recalibrated whenever the CS8952 changes between 10 Mb/s and
100 Mb/s modes.
After a reset, the CS8952 latches the signals on various input pins in order to initialize key registers
and goes through a self configuration. This includes calibrating on-chip analog circuitry. Time
required for the reset calibration is typically 40 ms.
External circuitry may access registers internal to
the CS8952 during this time. Reset and calibration
complete is indicated when bit 15 of the Basic
Mode Control Register (address 00h) is clear.
3.4
LED Indicators
The LEDx, SPD100, and SPD10 output pins provide status information that can be used to drive
LEDs or can be used as inputs to external control
circuitry. Indication options include: receive activity, transmit activity, collision, carrier sense, polarity OK, descrambler synchronization status, autonegotiation status, speed (10 vs. 100), and duplex
mode.
4. MEDIA INDEPENDENT INTERFACE
(MII)
2) When power is applied, the CS8952 maintains
reset until the voltage at the VDD supply pins
reaches approximately 3.6 V. The CS8952
comes out of reset once VDD is greater than approximately 3.6 V and the crystal oscillator has
stabilized.
The Media Independent Interface (MII) provides a
simple interconnect to an external Media Access
Controller (MAC). This connection may be chip to
chip, motherboard to daughterboard, or a connection between two assemblies attached by a limited
length of shielded cable and an appropriate connector.
3) There is a chip-wide reset whenever the RE-
The MII interface uses the following pins:
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
25
CS8952
STATUS Pins
-
COL - Collision indication, valid only for
half duplex modes.
-
CRS - Carrier Sense indication
SERIAL MANAGEMENT Pins
-
MDIO - a bi-directional serial data path
-
MDC - clock for MDIO (16.7 MHz max)
-
MII_IRQ - Interrupt indicating change in
the Interrupt Status Register (address 11h)
RECEIVE DATA Pins
-
RXD[3:0] - Parallel data output path
-
RX_CLK - Recovered clock output
-
RX_DV - Indicates when receive data is
present and valid
-
RX_ER - Indicates presence of error in received data
-
RX_EN - Can be used to tri-state receiver
output pins
TRANSMIT DATA Pins
-
TXD[3:0] - Parallel data input path
-
TX_CLK - Transmit clock
-
TX_EN - Indicates when transmit data is
present and valid
-
TX_ER - Request to transmit a 100BASET HALT symbol, ignored for 10BASE-T
operation.
The interface uses TTL signal levels, which are
compatible with devices operating at a nominal
supply voltage of either 5.0 or 3.3 volts. It is capable of supporting either 10 Mb/s or 100 Mb/s data
rates transparently. That is, all signaling remains
identical at either data rate; only the nominal clock
frequency is changed.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
4.1
MII Frame Structure
Data frames transmitted through the MII have the
following format:
Preamble
(7 Bytes)
Start of
Frame
Delimiter
(1 Byte)
Data
End of
Frame
Delimiter
Each frame is preceded by an inter-frame gap. The
inter-frame gap is an unspecified time during
which no data activity occurs on the media as indicated by the de-assertion of CRS for the receive
path and TX_EN for the transmit path.
The Preamble consists of seven bytes of 10101010.
The Start of Frame Delimiter consists of a single
byte of 10101011.
Data may be any number of bytes.
The End of Frame Delimiter is conveyed by the deassertion of RX_DV and TX_EN for receive and
transmit paths, respectively.
Transmission and/or reception of each byte of data
is done one nibble at a time in the following order:
MAC’s Serial Bit Stream
First Bit
LSB D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 MSB
First
Nibble
LSB
MII
Nibble
Stream
MSB
4.2
Second
Nibble
D0
D1
D2
D3
MII Receive Data
The presence of recovered data on the RXD[3:0]
bus is indicated by the assertion of RX_DV.
RX_DV will remain asserted from the beginning of
the preamble (or Start of Frame Delimiter if preamble is not used) to the End of Frame Delimiter.
Once RX_DV is asserted, valid data will be driven
26
CS8952
onto RXD[3:0] synchronously with respect to
RX_CLK.
presented to the CS8952. When TX_EN is not asserted, data on TXD[3:0] is ignored.
Receive errors are indicated during frame reception
by the assertion of RX_ER. It indicates that an error
was detected somewhere in the frame currently being transferred across the MII. RX_ER will transition synchronously with respect to the RX_CLK,
and will be held high for one cycle for each error received. It is up to the MAC to ensure that a CRC error is detected in that frame by the Logical Link
Control. Figure 2 illustrates reception without errors, and Figure 3 illustrates reception with errors.
Transmit errors should be signaled by the MAC by
asserting TX_ER for one or more TX_CLK cycles.
TX_ER must be synchronous with TX_CLK. This
will cause the CS8952 to replace the nibble with a
HALT symbol in the frame being transmitted. This
invalid data will be detected by the receiving PHY
and flagged as a bad frame. Figure 4 illustrates
transmission without errors, and Figure 5 illustrates
transmission with errors.
4.3
The CS8952 provides an enhanced IEEE 802.3 MII
Management Interface. The interface consists of
three signals: a bi-directional serial data line
(MDIO), a data clock (MDC), and an optional interrupt signal (MII_IRQ). The Management Interface can be used to access status and control
registers internal to the CS8952. The CS8952 implements an extended set of 16-bit MII registers.
Eight of the registers are defined by the IEEE 802.3
MII Transmit Data
TX_EN is used by the MAC to signal to the
CS8952 that valid nibbles of data are being presented across the MII via TXD[3:0]. TX_EN must be
asserted synchronously with the first nibble of preamble, and must remain asserted as long as valid
data is being presented to the MII.
TX_EN must be de-asserted within one TX_CLK
cycle after the last nibble of data (CRC) has been
4.4
MII Management Interface
RX_CLK
RX_DV
RXD[3:0]
Preamble/SFD
DATA
RX_ER
Figure 2. Reception without errors
RX_CLK
RX_DV
XX
RXD[3:0]
Preamble/SFD
DATA
DATA
RX_ER
Figure 3. Reception with errors
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
27
CS8952
TX_CLK
TX_EN
TXD[3:0]
Preamble/SFD
DATA
TX_ER
Figure 4. Transmission without errors
TX_CLK
TX_EN
HALT
TXD[3:0]
Preamble/SFD
DATA
TX_ER
Figure 5. Transmission with errors
specification, while the remaining registers provide
enhanced monitoring and control capabilities.
As many as 31 devices may share a single Management Interface. A unique five-bit PHY address is
associated with each device, with all devices responding to PHY address 00000. The CS8952 determines its PHY address at power-up or reset
through the PHYAD[4:0] pins.
4.5
MII Management Frame Structure
Frames transmitted through the MII Management
Interface have the following format (Table 6):
Preamble
(32 bits)
Start of
Frame
(2 bits)
Opcode
(2 bits)
PHY
Address
(5 bits)
When the management interface is idle, the MDIO
signal will be tri-stated, and the MAC is required to
keep MDIO pulled to a logic ONE.
At the beginning of each transaction, the MAC will
typically send a sequence of 32 contiguous logic
ONE bits on MDIO with 32 corresponding clock
cycles on MDC to provide the CS8952 with a pattern that it can use to establish synchronization.
Optionally, the CS8952 may be configured to operate without the preamble through bit 9 of the PCS
Sub-Layer Configuration Register (address 17h).
Register
Address
(5 bits)
Turnaround
(2 bits)
Data
(16 bits)
Idle
Table 6. Format for Frame Transmitted through the MII Management Interface
The Start of Frame is indicated by a 01 bit pattern.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
28
CS8952
A read transaction is indicated by an Opcode of 10
and a write by 01.
The PHY Address is five bits, with the most significant bit sent first. If the PHY address included in
the frame is not 00000 or does not match the PHYAD field of the Self Status Register (address 19h),
the rest of the frame is ignored.
The register address is five bits, with the most significant bit sent first, and indicates the CS8952 register to be written to/read from.
The Turnaround time is a two bit time spacing between when the MAC drives the last register address bit onto MDIO and the data field of a
management frame in order to avoid contention
during a read transaction. For a read transaction,
the MAC should tri-state the MDIO pin beginning
on the first bit time, and the CS8952 will begin
driving the MDIO signal to a logic ZERO during
the second bit time. During write transactions,
since the MDIO direction does not need to be reversed, the MAC will drive the MDIO to a logic
ONE for the first bit time and a logic ZERO for the
second.
The data field is always 16 bits in length, with the
most significant bit sent first.
5. CONFIGURATION
The CS8952 can be configured in a variety of ways.
All control and status information can be accessed
via the MII Serial Management Interface. Additionally, many configuration options can be set at
power-up or reset times via individual control lines.
Some configuration capabilities are available at
any time via individual control lines.
5.1
Configuration At Power-up/Reset
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Time
At power-up and reset time, the following pins are
used to configure the CS8952.
Pin Name
10BT_SER
AN[1:0]
BP4B5B
BPALIGN
BPSCR
ISODEF
LPSTRT
PHYAD[4:0]
REPEATER
Function
Select 10BASE-T serial mode
Select auto-negotiation mode
Bypass 4B5B coders
Bypass 4B5B coders and scramblers
Bypass scramblers, enter FX mode
Electrically isolate MII after reset
Start in low power mode
Set MII PHY address
Control definition of CRS pin, enable
carrier integrity monitor and SQE function
MII_DRV
Set MII driver strength
TCM
Set TX_CLK mode
TXSLEW[1:0] Set 100BASE-TX transmitter output
slew rate
5.2
Configuration Via Control Pins
The following pins are for dedicated control signals
and can be used at any time to configure the
CS8952.
Pin Name
LPBK
PWRDN
RESET
5.3
Function
Enter loopback mode
Enter power-down mode
Reset
Configuration via the MII
The CS8952 supports configuration by software
control through the use of 16-bit configuration and
status registers accessed via the MDIO/MDC pins
(MII Management Interface). The first seven registers are defined by the IEEE 802.3 specification.
Additional registers extend the register set to provide enhanced monitoring and control capabilities.
29
CS8952
6. CS8952 REGISTERS
The CS8952 register set is comprised of the 16-bit
status and control registers described below. A detailed description each register follows.
Register Address
0h
1h
2h
3h
4h
5h
6h
7h
8h through Fh
10h
11h
12h
13h
14h
15h
16h
17h
18h
19h
1Ah
1Bh
1Ch
1Dh through 1Fh
Description
Basic Mode Control Register
Basic Mode Status Register
PHY Identifier #1
PHY Identifier #2
Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Register
Auto-Negotiation Link Partner Ability Register
Auto-Negotiation Expansion Register
Auto-Negotiation Next Page Transmit Register
Reserved by IEEE 802.3 Working Group
Interrupt Mask Register
Interrupt Status Register
Disconnect Count Register
False Carrier Count Register
Scrambler Key Initialization Register
Receive Error Count Register
Descrambler Key Initialization Register
PCS Sub-Layer Configuration Register
Loopback, Bypass and Receiver Error Mask Register
Self-Status Register
Reserved
10BASE-T Status Register
10BASE-T Configuration Register
Reserved
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Type
Read/Write
Read-Only
Read-Only
Read-Only
Read/Write
Read-Only
Read-Only
Read/Write
Read/Write
Read-Only
Read-Only
Read-Only
Read/Write
Read-Only
Read/Write
Read/Write
Read/Write
Read/Write
Read-Only
Read/Write
-
30
CS8952
6.1
Basic Mode Control Register - Address 00h
15
Software
Reset
14
Loopback
7
Collision Test
BIT
15
14
6
NAME
Software Reset
Loopback
13
Speed Selection
12
Auto-Neg Enable
11
Power Down
10
Isolate
13
Speed
Selection
12
Auto-Neg
Enable
5
4
TYPE
Read/Set
RESET
0
Read/Write 0
11
10
Power Down
Isolate
3
Reserved
2
9
Restart
Auto-Neg
1
8
Duplex Mode
0
DESCRIPTION
Setting this bit performs a chip-wide reset. All status
and control registers are set to their default states,
and the analog circuitry is re-calibrated. This bit is an
Act-Once bit which is cleared once the reset and recalibration have completed.
This bit will also be set automatically while the analog
circuitry is reset and re-calibrated during mode
changes.
When set, the CS8952 is placed in a loop back
mode. Any data sent on the transmit data path is
returned on the receive data path. Loopback mode is
entered regardless of whether 10 Mb/s or 100 Mb/s
operation has been configured.
This bit will be set upon the assertion of the LPBK
pin, and will be automatically cleared upon its deassertion.
Read/Write If auto-negotiation When bit 12 is clear, setting this bit configures the
is enabled via the CS8952 for 100 Mb/s operation. Clearing this bit sets
AN[1:0] pins, reset the configuration at 10 Mb/s. When bit 12 is set, this
to 1; otherwise,
bit is ignored.
reset to 0
Read/Write If auto-negotiation Setting this bit enables the auto-negotiation process.
is enabled via the When this bit is set, bits 13 and 8 have no affect on
AN[1:0] pins, reset the link configuration. The link configuration is deterto 1; otherwise,
mined by the auto-negotiation process. Clearing this
reset to 0
bit disables auto-negotiation.
Read/Write 0
When this bit is set, the CS8952 enters a low power
consumption state. Clearing this bit allows normal
operation.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
Read/Write If PHYAD =
Setting this bit causes the MII data path to be electri00000, reset to 1; cally isolated by tri-stating all data outputs (i.e.
otherwise reset to TX_CLK, RX_CLK, RX_DV, RX_ER, RXD[3:0], COL,
the value on the
and CRS). In addition the CS8952 will not respond to
ISODEF pin
the TXD[3:0], TX_EN, and TX_ER inputs. It will, however, respond to MDIO and MDC. Clearing this bit
allows normal operation.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
31
CS8952
9
BIT
NAME
Restart Auto-Neg
TYPE
Read/Set
8
Duplex Mode
R/W
7
Collision Test
R/W
6:0
Reserved
Read Only
RESET
DESCRIPTION
Setting this bit causes auto-negotiation to be
restarted. It is an Act-Once bit which is cleared once
auto-negotiation has begun. Clearing this bit has no
effect on the auto-negotiation process.
If auto-negotiation When bit 12 is clear, this bit controls the Fullis enabled via the Duplex/Half-Duplex operation of the part. When set,
AN[1:0] pins, reset the part is configured for Full-Duplex operation, and
to 0; otherwise,
when clear the part is configured for Half Duplex
reset to 1
operation. The setting of this bit is superseded by
auto-negotiation, and thus has no effect if bit 12 is
set.
0
When set, the COL pin will be asserted within 10 bit
times in response to the assertion of TX_EN. Upon
the deassertion of TX_EN, COL will be deasserted
within 4 bit times. When Collision Test is clear, COL
functions normally.
000 0000
0
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
32
CS8952
6.2
Basic Mode Status Register - Address 01h
15
14
13
100BASE-TX/ 100BASE-TX/
100BASE-T4
Full Duplex
Half Duplex
7
Reserved
6
MF Preamble
Suppression
5
Auto-Neg
Complete
12
10BASE-T/
Full Duplex
11
10BASE-T/
Half Duplex
10
4
3
Auto-Neg
Ability
2
1
Link Status
Jabber Detect
Remote Fault
BIT
15
NAME
100BASE-T4
TYPE
Read Only
0
14
100BASE-TX/Full
Duplex
Read Only
1
13
100BASE-TX/Half
Duplex
Read Only
1
12
10BASE-T/Full
Duplex
Read Only
1
11
10BASE-T/Half
Duplex
Read Only
1
10:7
6
Reserved
Read Only
MF Preamble Sup- Read Only
pression
0000
1
5
Auto-Neg Complete Read Only
0
4
Remote Fault
0
Read Only
RESET
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
9
8
Reserved
0
Extended
Capability
DESCRIPTION
The CS8952 does not support 100BASE-T4 operation, so this bit will always read 0.
When this bit is set, it indicates that the CS8952 is
capable of 100BASE-TX Full-Duplex operation. This
bit reflects the status of the 100BASE-TX/Full-Duplex
bit in the Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Register
(address 04h).
When this bit is set, it indicates that the CS8952 is
capable of 100BASE-TX Half-Duplex operation. This
bit reflects the status of the 100BASE-TX/Half
Duplex bit in the Auto-Negotiation Advertisement
Register (address 04h).
When this bit is set, it indicates that the CS8952 is
capable of 10BASE-T Full-Duplex operation. This bit
reflects the status of the 10BASE-T/Full Duplex bit in
the Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Register
(address 04h).
When this bit is set, it indicates that the CS8952 is
capable of 10BASE-T Half-Duplex operation. This bit
reflects the status of the 10BASE-T/Half Duplex bit in
the Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Register
(address 04h).
When set, this bit indicates that the CS8952 is capable of accepting management frames regardless of
whether they are preceded by the preamble pattern.
When clear, it indicates that the management frame
must be preceded by the preamble pattern to be considered valid. This bit reflects the status of the MR
Preamble Enable bit in the PCS Sub-Layer Configuration Register (address 17h).
This bit is set to a 1 when the auto-negotiation process has completed. This is an indication that data is
valid in the Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Register
(address 04h), the Auto-Negotiation Link Partner
Ability Register (address 05h), and the Auto-Negotiation Expansion Register (address 06h).
When auto-negotiation is enabled, this bit is set if the
Remote Fault bit is set in the Auto-Negotiation Link
Partner Ability Register (address 05h). When autonegotiation is disabled, this bit will be set when a FarEnd Fault Indication for 100BASE-TX is detected.
33
CS8952
3
BIT
NAME
Auto-Neg Ability
TYPE
Read Only
1
RESET
2
Link Status
Read Only
0
1
Jabber Detect
Read Only
0
DESCRIPTION
This bit indicates that the CS8952 has auto-negotiation capability. Therefore this bit will always read
back a value of 1.
When set, this bit indicates that a valid link has been
established. Upon a link failure, this bit is cleared and
latched. It will remain cleared until this register is
read.
In 10BASE-T mode, if the last transmission is longer
than 105 ms, then the packet output is terminated by
the jabber logic and this bit is set. If JabberiE (Interrupt Mask Register (address 10h), bit 3) is set, an MII
Interrupt will be generated.
This bit is implemented with a latching function so
that the occurrence of a jabber condition causes it to
become set until it is cleared by a read to this register, a read to the Interrupt Status Register (address
11h), or a reset.
0
Extended Capability Read Only
1
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
No jabber detect function has been defined for
100BASE-TX.
This bit indicates that an extended register set may
be accessed (registers beyond address 01h). This bit
always reads back a value of 1.
34
CS8952
6.3
BIT
15:0
PHY Identifier, Part 1 - Address 02h
15
14
13
12
11
10
Organizationally Unique Identifier: Bits[3:10]
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
Organizationally Unique Identifier: Bits[11:18]
1
0
NAME
Organizationally
Unique Identifier
(bits 3:18)
TYPE
RESET
Read/Write 001Ah
DESCRIPTION
This identifier is assigned to PHY manufacturers by
the IEEE. Its intention is to provide sufficient information to support 10/100 Management as defined in
Clause 30.1.2 of the IEEE 802.3 specification.
This register contains bits [3:18] of the OUI. Bit 3 of
the OUI is located in bit 15 of the PHY Identifier, bit 4
of the OUI is in bit 14, and so on.
Note: This field is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
35
CS8952
6.4
PHY Identifier, Part 2 - Address 03h
15
14
13
12
11
Organizationally Unique Identifier - Bits[19:24]
10
6
2
1
Revision Number
7
5
4
TYPE
RESET
Read/Write 00 1000
8
Part Number
3
Part Number
BIT
NAME
15:10 Organizationally
Unique Identifier
(bits 19:24)
9
0
DESCRIPTION
This identifier is assigned to PHY manufacturers by
the IEEE. Its intention is to provide sufficient information to support 10/100 Management as defined in
Clause 30.1.2 of the IEEE 802.3 specification.
This register contains bits [19:24] of the OUI. Bit 19
of the OUI is located in bit 15 of this register, bit 20 of
the OUI is in bit 14, and so on.
9:4
3:0
Part Number
Revision Number
Read/Write 10 0000
Read/Write 0001
Note: This field is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
These bits indicate the CS8952 part number. It has
been set to a value of 100000.
Note: This field is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
These bits indicate the CS8952 part revision.
Rev. A
Rev. B
etc.
0000
0001
Note: This field is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
36
CS8952
6.5
Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Register - Address 04h
15
Next Page
7
BIT
15
14
Acknowledge
13
Remote Fault
6
Technology Ability Field
NAME
Next Page
5
TYPE
Read/Write 0
12
11
10
Technology Ability Field
9
8
4
3
2
Protocol Selector Field
1
0
RESET
14
Acknowledge
Read Only
0
13
Remote Fault
Read/Write 0
12:5
Technology Ability
Field
Read/Write 0000 1111
4:0
Protocol Selector
Field
Read/Write 0 0001
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
DESCRIPTION
When set, this bit enables the ability to exchange
Next-Pages with the link partner. This bit should be
cleared if it is not desired to engage in Next Page
exchange.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, this bit indicates consistent reception of
the link partner’s data.
This bit may be used to indicate a fault condition to
the link partner. Setting this bit will signal to the link
partner that a fault condition has occurred.
This field determines the advertised capabilities of
the CS8952 as shown below. When the bit is set, the
corresponding technology will be advertised during
auto-negotiation.
BIT Capability
12 Reserved
11 Reserved
10 PAUSE operation for full duplex links. Set only
if supported by the host MAC.
9
100BASE-T4 (Note: this technology is not
supported and can not be set.
8
100BASE-TX Full Duplex
7
100Base-TX Half Duplex
6
10BASE-T Full Duplex
5
10BASE-T Half Duplex
This field is used to identify the type of message
being sent by auto-negotiation. This field defaults to
a value of “00001” for IEEE 802.3 messages.
37
CS8952
6.6
Auto-Negotiation Link Partner Ability Register - Address 05h
15
Next Page
7
14
Acknowledge
13
Remote Fault
6
Technology Ability Field
5
12
11
10
Technology Ability Field
9
8
4
3
2
Protocol Selector Field
1
0
BIT
15
NAME
Next Page
TYPE
Read Only
RESET
0
14
Acknowledge
Read Only
0
13
Remote Fault
Read Only
0
12:5
Technology Ability
Field
Read Only
0000 0000
4:0
Protocol Selector
Field
Read Only
0 0000
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
DESCRIPTION
When set, this bit indicates that the link partner is
capable of participating in the Next Page exchange.
When set, this bit indicates that the link partner has
received consistent data from the CS8952.
This bit indicates that a fault condition occurred on
the far end. When this bit is set and auto-negotiation
is enabled, the Remote Fault bit in the Basic Mode
Status Register (address 01h) will also be set.
This field indicates the advertised capabilities of the
link partner as shown below. When the bit is set, the
corresponding technology has been advertised during auto-negotiation.
BIT Capability
12 Reserved
11 Reserved
10 PAUSE operation for full duplex links.
9
100BASE-T4 (Note: this technology is not
8
100BASE-TX Full Duplex
7
100Base-TX Half Duplex
6
10BASE-T Full Duplex
5
10BASE-T Half Duplex
This field is used to identify the type of message
being received during auto-negotiation.
38
CS8952
6.7
Auto-Negotiation Expansion Register - Address 06h
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
2
1
0
Next Page
Able
Page Received
Link Partner
Auto-Neg Able
Reserved
7
6
5
4
3
Link Partner
Parallel
Next Page
Detection Fault
Able
Reserved
BIT
15:5
4
NAME
Reserved
Parallel Detection
Fault
TYPE
Read Only
Read Only
RESET
000 0000 0000
0
3
Link Partner Next
Page Able
Next Page Able
Read Only
0
Read Only
1
2
1
Page Received
Read Only
0
0
Link Partner AutoNeg Able
Read Only
0
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
DESCRIPTION
When set, this bit indicates an error condition in
which both the 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX links
came up valid, or that one of the technologies established a link but was unable to maintain the link. This
bit is self-clearing.
When set, this bit indicates that the link partner is
capable of Next Page exchange.
This bit is a status bit which indicates to the Management Layer that the CS8952 supports Next Page
capability.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, this bit indicates that a valid word of autonegotiation data has been received and its integrity
verified. The first page of data will consist of the Base
Page, and all successive pages will consist of Next
Page data. This bit is self-clearing.
When set, this bit indicates that the link partner has
auto-negotiation capability.
39
CS8952
6.8
Auto-Negotiation Next-Page Transmit Register - Address 07h
15
Next Page
7
BIT
15
14
13
12
Acknowledge Message Page Acknowledge 2
6
NAME
Next Page
5
4
3
Message/Unformatted Code Field
TYPE
Read/Write 0
14
Acknowledge
Read Only
13
Message Page
Read/Write 1
12
Acknowledge 2
RESET
0
Read/Write 0
Read Only
11
Toggle
11
Toggle
0
10:0
Message/Unformat- Read/Write 000 0000 0001
ted Code Field
10
9
8
Message/Unformatted Code Field
2
1
0
DESCRIPTION
When set, this bit indicates that more Next Pages follow. When clear, the current page is the last page of
data to be sent.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
This bit is used for Link Code Word verification.
When set, it indicates that consistent data has been
successfully read from the link partner.
When set, this bit indicates that the data in the Message/Unformatted Code Field is one of the predefined message pages. When low, the data is
unformatted data.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, this bit indicates to the link partner that the
CS8952 can comply with the last received message.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
This bit is used to maintain synchronization with the
link partner during Next Page exchange.
This field contains the 11 bit data for the Message or
Unformatted Page. It defaults to the Null Message.
Note: This field is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
40
CS8952
6.9
Interrupt Mask Register - Address 10h
15
14
CIM Link
Unstable
Link Status
Change
7
Reset
Complete
6
Jabber
Detect
13
12
Descrambler Premature End
Lock Change
Error
5
Auto-Neg
Complete
4
Parallel
Detection Fault
11
10
9
DCR
Rollover
FCCR
Rollover
RECR
Rollover
3
Parallel
Fail
2
Remote
Fault
1
Page
Received
8
Remote
Loopback
Fault
0
Reserved
This register indicates which events will cause an interrupt event on the MII_IRQ pin. Each bit acts as
an enable to the interrupt. Thus, when set, the event will cause the MII_IRQ pin to be asserted. When
clear, the event will not affect the MII_IRQ pin, but the status will still be reported via the Interrupt Status Register (address 11h).
BIT
15
14
13
12
NAME
CIM Link Unstable
TYPE
Read/Write 0
RESET
Link Status Change Read Write 1
Descrambler Lock
Change
Premature End
Error
Read/Write 0
Read/Write 0
DESCRIPTION
When set, an interrupt will be generated if an unstable link condition is detected by the Carrier Integrity
Monitor function.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt will be generated each time
the CS8952 detects a change in the link status.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt will be generated each time
the 100BASE-TX receive descrambler loses or
regains synchronization with the far-end.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt will be generated when two
consecutive IDLES are detected in a 100BASE-TX
frame without the ESD sequence.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
41
CS8952
BIT
11
10
9
8
7
6
NAME
DCR Rollover
FCCR Rollover
RECR Rollover
Remote Loopback
Fault
Reset Complete
Jabber Detect
TYPE
Read/Write 0
RESET
Read/Write 0
Read/Write 0
Read/Write 0
Read/Write 1
Read/Write 0
DESCRIPTION
When set, an interrupt will be generated if the MSB in
the DCR counter becomes set.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt will be generated if the MSB in
the FCCR counter becomes set.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt will be generated if the MSB in
the RECR counter becomes set.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt will be generated if the elastic
buffer in the PMA is under-run or over-run during
Remote Loopback. This should not occur for normal
length 802.3 frames.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt will be generated once the
digital and analog sections have been reset, and a
calibration cycle has been performed.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt will be generated when a Jabber condition is detected by the 10BASE-T MAU.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
42
CS8952
BIT
5
4
3
2
1
NAME
TYPE
Auto-Neg Complete Read/Write 0
Parallel Detection
Fault
Parallel Fail
Remote Fault
Page Received
RESET
Read/Write 0
Read/Write 0
Read/Write 0
Read/Write 0
DESCRIPTION
When set, an interrupt will be generated once autonegotiation has completed successfully.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt will be generated if auto-negotiation determines that unstable legacy link signaling
was received.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt will be generated when parallel detection has occurred for a technology that is not
currently advertised by the local device.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt will be generated if a remote
fault condition is detected either by auto-negotiation
or by the Far-End Fault Detect state machine.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, an interrupt is generated each time a page
is received during auto-negotiation.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
0
Reserved
Read Only
0
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
43
CS8952
6.10
Interrupt Status Register - Address 11h
15
14
CIM Link
Unstable
Link Status
Change
7
Reset
Complete
6
Jabber
Detect
13
12
Descrambler Premature End
Lock Change
Error
5
Auto-Neg
Complete
4
Parallel
Detection Fault
11
10
9
DCR
Rollover
FCCR
Rollover
RECR
Rollover
3
Parallel
Fail
2
Remote
Fault
1
Page
Received
8
Remote
Loopback
Fault
0
Reserved
This register indicates which event(s) caused an interrupt event on the MII_IRQ pin. All bits are selfclearing, and will thus be cleared upon readout.
BIT
15
NAME
CIM Link Unstable
TYPE
Read Only
RESET
0
14
Link Status Change Read Only
0
13
Descrambler Lock
Change
Read Only
0
12
Premature End
Error
Read Only
0
11
DCR Rollover
Read Only
0
10
FCCR Rollover
Read Only
0
9
RECR Rollover
Read Only
0
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
DESCRIPTION
When set, this bit indicates that an unstable link condition was detected by the Carrier Integrity Monitor
function.
When set, this bit indicates that a change has
occurred to the status of the link. The Self Status
Register (address 19h) may be read to determine the
current status of the link.
When set, this bit indicates that a change has
occurred in the status of the descrambler. The Self
Status Register (address 19h) may be read to determine the current status of the scrambler lock.
This bit is set when a premature end of frame is
detected for 100 Mb/s operation. A premature end is
defined as two consecutive IDLE patterns detected in
a frame prior to the End of Stream Delimiter.
This bit is set when the MSB of the Disconnect Count
Register (address 12h) becomes set. This should
provide ample warning to the management layer so
that the DCR may be read before rolling over.
This bit is set when the MSB of the False Carrier
Count Register (address 13h) becomes set. This
should provide ample warning to the management
layer so that the FCCR may be read before saturating.
This bit is set when the MSB of the Receive Error
Count Register (address 15h) becomes set. This
should provide ample warning to the management
layer so that the RECR may be read before rolling
over.
44
CS8952
BIT
8
NAME
Remote Loopback
Fault
TYPE
Read Only
RESET
0
7
Reset Complete
Read Only
0
6
Jabber Detect
Read Only
0
DESCRIPTION
When set, this bit indicates that the Elastic Buffer has
detected an over-run or an under-run condition. In
any case, the frame generating this fault will be terminated.
This should never happen since the depth of the
elastic buffer (10 bits) is greater than twice the maximum number of bit times the receive and transmit
clocks may slip during a maximum length packet
assuming clock frequency tolerances of 100 ppm or
less.
When set, this bit indicates that the internal analog
calibration cycle has completed, and all analog and
digital circuitry is ready for normal operation.
In 10BASE-T mode, if the last transmission is longer
than 105 ms, then the packet output is terminated by
the jabber logic and this bit is set.
This bit is implemented with a latching function so
that the occurrence of a jabber condition causes it to
become set until it is cleared by a read to this register, a read to the Basic Mode Status Register
(address 01h), or a reset.
No jabber detect function has been defined for
100BASE-TX.
5
4
3
Auto-Neg Complete Read Only
Parallel Detection
Fault
Parallel Fail
Read Only
Read Only
0
0
0
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
This bit is the same as in the Basic Mode Status Register (address 01h).
This bit is set when the auto-negotiation process has
completed. This is an indication that the Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Register (address 04h), the
Auto-Negotiation Link Partner Ability Register
(address 05h), and the Auto-Negotiation Expansion
Register (address 06h) are valid.
This bit is the same as in the Basic Mode Status Register (address 01h).
When set, this bit indicates an error condition in
which auto-negotiation has detected that unstable
10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX link signalling was
received. This bit is self-clearing.
This bit is the same as in the Auto-Negotiation
Expansion Register (address 06h)
When set, this bit indicates that a parallel detection
has occurred for a technology that is not currently
advertised by the local device.
45
CS8952
2
BIT
NAME
Remote Fault
TYPE
Read Only
0
RESET
1
Page Received
Read Only
0
DESCRIPTION
When auto-negotiation is enabled, this bit is set if the
Remote Fault bit is set in the Auto-Negotiation Link
Partner Ability Register (address 05h). When autonegotiation is disabled, this bit will be set when the
Far-End Fault Indication for 100BASE-TX is
detected.
When set, this bit indicates that a valid word of autonegotiation data has been received and its integrity
verified. The first page of data will consist of the Base
Page, and all successive pages will consist of Next
Page data. This bit is self-clearing.
This bit is the same as in the Auto-Negotiation
Expansion Register (address 06h).
0
Reserved
Read Only
0
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
46
CS8952
6.11
BIT
15:0
Disconnect Count Register - Address 12h
15
14
13
12
11
Disconnect Counter
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Disconnect Counter
2
1
0
NAME
TYPE
RESET
Disconnect Counter Read/Write 0000h
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
DESCRIPTION
This field contains a count of the number of times the
CS8952 has lost a Link OK condition. This counter is
cleared upon readout and will roll-over to 0000h.
47
CS8952
6.12
BIT
15:0
False Carrier Count Register - Address 13h
15
14
13
12
11
False Carrier Counter
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
False Carrier Counter
2
1
0
NAME
False Carrier
Counter
TYPE
Read Only
RESET
0000h
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
DESCRIPTION
This field contains a count of the number of times the
CS8952 has detected a false-carrier -- that is, the
reception of a poorly formed Start-of-Stream Delimiter (SSD). The counter is incremented at the end of
such events to prevent multiple increments. This
counter is cleared upon readout and will saturate at
FFFFh.
48
CS8952
6.13
Scrambler Key Initialization Register - Address 14h
15
Load
14
7
6
BIT
15
13
12
11
10
Reserved
NAME
5
TYPE
Read/Set
4
3
Scrambler Initialization Key
2
9
8
Scrambler Initialization Key
1
0
RESET
DESCRIPTION
Load
0
When this bit is set, the scrambler will be loaded with
the value in the Scrambler Initialization Key field.
When the load is complete, this bit will clear automatically.
14:11 Reserved
Read Only 0000
These bits should be read as don’t cares and, when
written, should be written to 0.
10:0 Scrambler Initializa- Read/Write Reset value is
This field allows the Scrambler to be loaded with a
tion Key
dependent on the user-definable key sequence. A value of 000h has
PHY Address field the effect of bypassing the scrambler function.
of the Self Status
Register (address This is valuable for testing purposes to allow a deter19h).
ministic response to test stimulus without a synchronization delay.
Note: This field is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
49
CS8952
6.14
BIT
15:0
Receive Error Count Register - Address 15h
15
14
13
12
11
Receive Error Counter
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Receive Error Counter
2
1
0
NAME
Receive Error
Counter
TYPE
Read Only
RESET
0000h
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
DESCRIPTION
This counter increments for each packet in which one
or more receive errors is detected that is not due to a
collision event. This counter is cleared upon readout
and will roll-over to 0000h.
50
CS8952
6.15
Descrambler Key Initialization Register - Address 16h
15
Load
14
7
6
BIT
15
13
12
11
Reserved
NAME
5
TYPE
Read/Set
4
3
Descrambler Initialization Key
10
9
8
Descrambler Initialization Key
2
1
0
RESET
DESCRIPTION
Load
0
When this bit is set, the descrambler will be loaded
with the value in the Descrambler Initialization Key
field. When the load is complete, this bit will clear
automatically.
14:11 Reserved
Read Only 0000
These bits should be read as don’t cares and, when
written, should be written to 0.
10:0 Descrambler Initial- Read/Write Reset value is
This register allows the Descrambler to be loaded
ization Key
dependent on the with a user-definable key sequence. A value of 000h
PHY Address field has the effect of bypassing the descrambler function.
of the Self Status
Register (address This is valuable for testing purposes to allow a deter19h).
ministic response to test stimulus without a synchronization delay.
Note: This field is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
51
CS8952
6.16
PCS Sub-Layer Configuration Register - Address 17h
15
NRZI Enable
14
Time-Out
Select
7
6
CLK25 Disable Enable LT/100
BIT
15
NAME
NRZI Enable
14
Time-Out Select
13
Time-Out Disable
12
Repeater Mode
11
LED5 Mode
10
Unlock Regs
13
Time-Out
Disable
12
Repeater
Mode
5
CIM Disable
4
Tx Disable
TYPE
Read/Write 1
11
10
LED5 Mode
Unlock Regs
3
Rx Disable
2
LED1 Mode
9
MR Preamble
Enable
1
LED4 Mode
8
Fast Test
0
Digital Reset
RESET
DESCRIPTION
When this bit is set, the NRZI encoder and decoder
are enabled. When this bit is clear, NRZI encoding
and decoding are disabled.
Read/Write 0
When this bit is set, the time-out counter in the
receive descrambler is set to time-out after 2 ms
without IDLES. When clear the counter is set to timeout after 722 µs without IDLES.
Read/Write 0
When this bit is set, the time-out counter in the
receive descrambler is disabled. When this bit is
clear, the time-out counter is enabled.
Read/Write Reset to the value This bit defines the mode of the Carrier Sense (CRS)
on the
signal. When this bit is set, CRS is asserted due to
REPEATER pin. receive activity only. When this bit is clear, CRS is
asserted due to either transmit or receive activity.
Read/Write 0
This bit defines the mode of Pin LED5. When this bit
is set, pin LED5 indicates the synchronization status
of the 100BASE-TX descrambler. When this bit is
clear, LED5 indicates a collision.
Read/Write 0
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, this bit unlocks certain read only control
registers for factory testing. Leave clear for proper
operation.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
52
CS8952
BIT
9
8
NAME
MF Preamble
Enable
Fast Test
TYPE
Read/Write 0
RESET
Read/Write 0
7
CLK25 Disable
Read/Write
6
Enable LT/100
Read/Write
5
CIM Disable
Read/Write
4
Tx Disable
Read/Write
DESCRIPTION
When set, this bit will force all management frames
(via MDIO, MDC) to be preceded by a 32 bit preamble pattern of contiguous ones to be considered
valid. When cleared, it allows management frames
with or without the preamble pattern. The status of
this register is (inversely) reflected in the MF Preamble bit in the Basic Mode Status Register (address
01h).
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When set, internal timers are sped up significantly in
order to facilitate production test. Leave clear for
proper operation.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
When TCM pin is Setting this bit will disable (tri-state) the CLK25 outlow, reset to 1;
put pin, reducing digital noise and power consumpotherwise, reset to tion.
0
1
When set, normal link status checking is enabled.
When clear, this bit forces the link status to Link OK
(at 100 Mb/s), and will assert the LINK_OK LED.
Reset to the logic When set, this bit forces the Carrier Integrity Monitor
function to be disabled. When low, the Carrier Integinverse of the
rity Monitor function is enabled, and detection of an
value on the
REPEATER pin. unstable link will disable the receive and transmit
functions.
0
When set, this bit forces the 10 Mb/s and 100 Mb/s
outputs to be inactive. When clear, normal transmission is enabled.
If Tx Disable is set while a packet is being transmitted, transmission is completed and no subsequent
packets are transmitted until Tx Disable is cleared
again. Also, if Tx Disable is cleared while TX_EN is
high, the transmitter will remain disabled until TX_EN
is deasserted. This prevents fragments from being
transmitted onto the network.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
53
CS8952
BIT
3
NAME
Rx Disable
TYPE
Read/Write 0
RESET
DESCRIPTION
When set, the receiver is disabled and no incoming
packets pass through the receiver. The link will
remain established and, if operating at 100 Mb/s, the
descrambler will remain locked. When clear, the
receiver is enabled.
If Rx Disable is set while a packet is being received,
reception is completed and no subsequent receive
packets are allowed until Rx Disable is cleared again.
Also, if Rx Disable is cleared while a packet is being
received, the receiver will remain disabled until the
end of the incoming packet. This prevents fragments
from being sent to the MAC.
2
LED1 Mode
Read/Write 0
1
LED4 Mode
Read/Write 0
0
Digital Reset
Read/Write 0
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
This bit defines the mode of Pin LED1. When this bit
is set, pin LED1 indicates Carrier Integrity Monitor
status as determined by the CIM Status bit in the Self
Status Register (address 19h). When this bit is clear,
LED1 indicates 10 Mb/s or 100 Mb/s transmission
activity.
This bit defines the mode of Pin LED4. When this bit
is set, pin LED4 indicates full duplex mode for
10 Mb/s or 100 Mb/s. When this bit is clear, LED4
indicates Polarity in 10 Mb/s mode or full-duplex in
100 Mb/s mode.
When set, this bit will reset all digital logic and registers to their initial values. The analog circuitry will not
be affected.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
54
CS8952
6.17
Loopback, Bypass, and Receiver Error Mask Register - Address 18h
15
14
13
Bad SSD
Enable
Bypass 4B5B
Bypass
Scrambler
7
6
Strip Preamble
Alternate FDX
CRS
BIT
15
NAME
Bad SSD Enable
12
Bypass
Symbol
Alignment
5
Loopback
Transmit
Disable
Bypass 4B5B
Read/Write
13
Bypass Scrambler
Read/Write
12
Bypass Symbol
Alignment
Read/Write
11
ENDEC Loopback
Read/Write
10
FX Drive
Read/Write
9
Remote Loopback
Read/Write
10
9
8
ENDEC
Loopback
FX Drive
Remote
Loopback
PMD
Loopback
4
3
2
1
0
Premature End
Code Error
Link Error
Packet Error
Code Error
Error Report
Report Select
Report Enable Report Enable Report Enable
Select
TYPE
Read/Write 1
14
11
RESET
DESCRIPTION
When set, this bit enables the reporting of a bad SSD
(False-Carrier event) on the MII. These events will be
reported by setting RX_ER=1, RX_DV=0, and
RXD[3:0]=1110.
If the 4B5B encoders are being bypassed, this event
will be reported by setting RX_DV=0 and
RXD[4:0]=11110. If symbol alignment is bypassed,
the CS8952 does not detect carrier, and thus will not
report bad SSD events.
Reset to the value When set, this bit causes the receive 5B4B decoder
on the BP4B5B
and the transmit 4B5B encoder to be bypassed.
pin.
Reset to the value When set, this bit causes the receive descrambler
on the BPSCR
and the transmit scrambler blocks to be bypassed,
pin.
and the CS8952 accepts NRZI data from an external
100BASE-FX optical module through pins RX_NRZ+
and RX_NRZ-.
Reset to the value When set, this bit causes the following functions to
on the BPALIGN be bypassed: receiver descrambling, symbol alignpin.
ment and decoding, transmit symbol encoding, and
transmit scrambling.
0
When set, the 10BASE-T internal Manchester
encoder output is connected to the decoder input.
When clear, the CS8952 is configured for normal
operation.
0
This bit controls the drive strength of the 100BASEFX PECL interface drivers. When clear, the drivers
are optimized for a 50 Ω load. When set, the drivers
are optimized for a 150 Ω load.
0
When set, data received from the link is looped back
at the MII and sent back out to the link. Received
data will be presented on the MII pins. Transmit data
at the MII will be ignored.
Note: Setting Remote Loopback and PMD Loopback
simultaneously will cause neither loopback mode to
be entered, and should not be done.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
55
CS8952
BIT
8
7
NAME
PMD Loopback
Strip Preamble
TYPE
Read/Write 0
RESET
Read/Write 0
6
Alternate FDX CRS Read/Write 0
5
Loopback Transmit Read/Write 1
Disable
4
Code Error Report
Select
Read/Write 0
DESCRIPTION
When set, the scrambled NRZI transmit data is connected directly to the NRZI receive port on the
descrambler. The loopback includes all of the
100BASE-TX functionality except for the MLT-3
encoding/decoding and the analog line-interface
blocks. When clear, the CS8952 is configured for
normal operation.
Note: Setting Remote Loopback and PMD Loopback
simultaneously will cause neither loopback mode to
be entered, and should not be done.
When set this bit causes the 7 bytes of MAC preamble to be stripped off of incoming 100 Mb/s frames.
The data received across the MII will begin with the 1
byte Start of Frame Delimiter (SFD).
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
This bit changes the behavior of the CRS pin only in
the full-duplex (FDX) mode of operation. When set,
CRS will be asserted for transmit data only. When
clear, CRS will be asserted only for receive data.
This bit controls whether loopback data is transmitted
onto the network. When set, any data transmitted
during PMD or ENDEC loopback mode will NOT be
transmitted onto the network. When clear, data will
be transmitted on the TX+/- pins as well as looped
back onto the MII pins.
When set, this bit causes code errors to be reported
by a value of 5h on RXD[3:0] and the assertion of
RX_ER.
When clear, this bit causes code errors to be
reported by a value of 6h on RXD[3:0] and the assertion of RX_ER.
3
Premature End
Read/Write 0
Error Report Select
This bit is superseded by the Code Error Report
Enable bit.
When set, this bit causes premature end errors to be
reported by a value of 4h on RXD[3:0] and the assertion of RX_ER.
When clear, this bit causes premature end errors to
be reported by a value of 6h on RXD[3:0] and the
assertion of RX_ER.
A premature end error is caused by the detection of
two IDLE symbols in the 100 Mb/s receive data
stream prior to the End of Stream Delimiter.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
56
CS8952
BIT
2
NAME
Link Error Report
Enable
TYPE
Read/Write 0
1
Packet Error Report Read/Write 0
Enable
0
Code Error Report
Enable
RESET
Read/Write 0
DESCRIPTION
When set, this bit causes link errors to be reported by
a value of 3h on RXD[3:0] and the assertion of
RX_ER. When clear, link errors are not reported
across the MII.
When set, this bit causes packet errors to be
reported by a value of 2h on RXD[3:0] and the assertion of RX_ER. When clear, packet errors are not
reported across the MII.
When set, code errors are reported and transmitted
on RXD[3:0].
When clear, this bit enables the Code Error Report
values on RXD[3:0] as selected by the Code Error
Report Select bit and also causes the assertion of
TX_ER to transmit a HALT code group.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit of
the 10BASE-T Configuration Register (address 1Ch)
is set.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
57
CS8952
6.18
Self Status Register - Address 19h
15
Link OK
7
Full Duplex
14
Power
Down
13
Receiving
Data
12
Descrambler
Lock
11
Disable CRS
on Time-out
10
Auto-Neg
Enable Status
6
10BASE-T
Mode
5
4
3
2
CIM Status
9
8
PAUSE
FEFI Enable
1
0
PHY Address
BIT
15
NAME
Link OK
TYPE
Read Only
0
RESET
14
Power Down
Read Only
1
13
Receiving Data
Read Only
0
12
Descrambler Lock
Read Only
0
11
Disable CRS on
Time-out
Read/Write Reset to the logic
inverse of the
value on the
REPEATER pin.
10
Auto-Neg Enable
Status
Read Only
9
PAUSE
Read Only
8
FEFI Enable
Read/Write 0
7
Full Duplex
Read Only
6
10BASE-T Mode
Read Only
If auto-negotiation
is enabled via the
AN[1:0] pins, reset
to 1; otherwise,
reset to 0.
0
DESCRIPTION
When set, this bit indicates that a valid link connection has been detected. The type of link established
may be determined from bits 6, 7, and 9. When clear,
this bit indicates that a valid link connection does not
exist. This bit may be used to determine the current
status of the link.
When high, this bit indicates that the CS8952 is in a
low power state.
This bit is high whenever the CS8952 is receiving
valid data. It is a direct copy of the state of the
RX_DV pin accessible by software.
When high, this bit indicates that the descrambler
has successfully locked to the scrambler seed of the
far-end transmitter and is able to descramble
received data.
This bit controls the state of the CRS pin upon a
descrambler time-out. When set, CRS will be forced
low upon a descrambler time-out, and will not be
released until the descrambler has re-acquired synchronization.
This bit reflects the value of bit 12 in the Basic Mode
Control Register (address 00h). When set, it indicates that auto-negotiation has been enabled. When
clear, this bit indicates that the mode of the CS8952
has been forced to that indicated by bits 6, and 7.
When set, this bit indicates that the Flow-Control
PAUSE function has been negotiated. This indicates
that both the local device and the link partner have
advertised this capability.
This bit controls the Far-End Fault Generate and
Detect state machines. When this bit is set and autonegotiation is disabled (bit 10 is clear), both state
machines are enabled. When clear, this bit disables
both state machines.
When set, this bit indicates that the CS8952 has
been configured for Full-Duplex operation.
If a full duplex
mode is enabled
via the AN[1:0]
pins, reset to 1;
otherwise, reset to
0.
0
When set, this bit indicates that the CS8952 has
been configured for 10 Mb/s operation.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
58
CS8952
BIT
5
4:0
NAME
CIM Status
TYPE
Read Only
RESET
DESCRIPTION
When clear, this bit indicates that a stable link connection has been detected. When an unstable link is
detected and the Carrier Integrity Monitor Disable bit
in the PCS Sub-Layer Configuration Register
(address 17h) is clear, this bit is set and latched. It
will remain set until this register is read.
PHY Address Field Read/Write Reset to the val- The value on pins PHYAD[4:0] are latched into this
ues on the
field at power-up or reset. These bits define the PHY
PHYAD[4:0] pins. address used by the management layer to address
the PHY. The external logic must know this address
in order to select this particular CS8952’s registers
individually via the MDIO and MDC pins.
0
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
59
CS8952
6.19
10BASE-T Status Register - Address 1Bh
15
14
13
12
11
Reserved
7
6
5
10
Polarity OK
4
3
2
9
10BASE-T
Serial
1
8
Reserved
0
Reserved
BIT
NAME
15:11 Reserved
10
Polarity OK
9
10BASE-T Serial
8:0
Reserved
TYPE
Read Only
Read Only
RESET
0 0000
0
DESCRIPTION
When high, the polarity of the receive signal (at the
RXD+/RXD- inputs) is correct. If clear, the polarity is
reversed. If the Polarity Disable bit of 10BASE-T
Configuration Register (address 1Ch) is clear, then
the polarity is automatically corrected, if needed. The
Polarity OK status bit shows the true state of the
incoming polarity independent of the Polarity Disable
bit.
Read/Write Reset to the value When set, this bit selects 10BASE-T serial mode.
on the 10BT_SER When low, this bit selects 10BASE-T nibble mode.
pin.
This bit will only affect the CS8952 if it has been configured for 10 Mb/s operation.
Read Only 0 0000 0000
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
60
CS8952
6.20
10BASE-T Configuration Register - Address 1Ch
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
Reserved
7
National
Compatibility
Mode
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
LED3 Blink
Enable
Enable LT/10
SQE Enable
Reserved
Low Rx
Squelch
Polarity
Disable
Jabber Enable
BIT
15:8
7
NAME
Reserved
National Compatibility Mode
6
LED3 Blink Enable Read/Write 0
5
Enable LT/10
4
SQE Enable
3
Reserved
2
Low Rx Squelch
1
Polarity Disable
TYPE
RESET
Read Only 0000 0000
Read/Write 1
Read/Write 1
DESCRIPTION
When set, registers and bits that are not compatible
with the National DP83840 are disabled and writes to
these registers are ignored.
When set, LED3 will blink during auto-negotiation
and will indicate Link Good status upon completion of
auto-negotiation. When clear, LED3 indicates Link
Good status only.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit (bit
7) is set.
When set, this bit enables the transmission of link
pulses.
When clear, link pulses are disabled and a good link
condition is forced. If link pulses are disabled during
100 Mb/s operation with auto-negotiation enabled,
the CS8952 will go into 10 Mb/s mode. If operating in
100 Mb/s mode with no auto-negotiation, then clearing this bit has no effect.
Read/Write Reset to the logic When set, and if the CS8952 is in half-duplex mode,
inverse of the
this bit enables the 10BASE-T SQE function. When
value on the
the part is in repeater mode, this bit is cleared and
REPEATER pin. may not be set.
Read Only 1
This bit should be read as a don’t care and, when
written, should be written to 1.
Read/Write 0
When clear, the 10BASE-T receiver squelch thresholds are set to levels defined by the ISO/IEC 8802-3
specification. When set, the thresholds are reduced
by approximately 6 dB. This is useful for operating
with “quiet” cables that are longer than 100 meters.
Read/Write 0
The 10BASE-T receiver automatically determines
the polarity of the received signal at the RXD+/RXDinput. When this bit is clear, the polarity is corrected,
if necessary. When set, no effort is made to correct
the polarity. Polarity correction will only be performed
during 10BASE-T packet reception.
Note: This bit is disabled, and writes to this bit are
ignored when the National Compatibility Mode bit (bit
7) is set.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
61
CS8952
BIT
0
NAME
Jabber Enable
TYPE
Read/Write 1
RESET
DESCRIPTION
When set, the jabber function is enabled. When
clear, and if the CS8952 is in 10BASE-T full-duplex
or 10BASE-T ENDEC loopback mode, the jabber
function is disabled.
Note: When the National Compatibility Mode bit (bit
7) is set, the Jabber function may also be disabled
for 10BASE-T half-duplex, although this is not recommended.
7. DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
The CS8952 is a mixed-signal device containing
the high-speed digital and analog circuits required
to implement Fast Ethernet communication. It is
important the designer adhere to the following
guidelines and recommendations for proper and reliable operation of the CS8952. These guidelines
will also benefit the design with good EMC performance.
7.1
Twisted Pair Interface
The recommended connection of the twisted-pair
interface is shown if Figure 6. The unused cable
pairs are terminated to increase the common-mode
performance. Common-mode performance is also
improved by connecting the center taps of the RX
and TX input circuits to the DC-isolated ground
plane. The 0.01 µF capacitor C1 must provide 2 kV
(1,500 Vrms for 60 seconds) of isolation to meet
802.3 requirements. If a shielded RJ45 connector is
used (recommended), the shield should be connected to chassis ground.
7.2
100BASE-FX Interface
Figure 7 shows the recommended connection for a
100BASE-FX interface to a Hewlett-Packard
HFBR-5103 fiber transceiver. Termination circuitry may need to be revised for other fiber transceivers. The FX Drive bit in the Loopback, Bypass, and
Receiver Error Mask Register (address 18h) may
be used to tailor the PECL interface for 50 Ω or
150 Ω loads.
T1
TG22-3506
TX+
80
16
14
12
81
15
11
91
2
6
CS8952
TXRX+
10
51 Ω
5
SHLD
RJ-45
6
5
RX-
51 Ω
1
2
3
4
92
49.9 Ω
0.1 µF
1
49.9 Ω
0.1 µF
7
3
NC
75 Ω
75 Ω
51 Ω
51 Ω
7
51 Ω
8
SHLD
51 Ω
0.01 µF
2KV
Figure 6. Recommended Connection of Twisted-Pair Ports (Network Interface Card)
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
62
CS8952
+5
CS8952
SIGNALSIGNAL+
68 Ω
HFBR-5103
FIBER TRANS.
82 Ω
8
4
9
191 Ω
130 Ω
+5
1 µH
Ferrite Bead
5
+5
0.1 µF
0.1 µF
63.4 Ω
TX_NRZTX_NRZ+
49.9 Ω
RxVCC
0.1 µF
1 µH
Ferrite Bead
6
49.9 Ω
SD
0.1 µF
TxVCC
0.1 µF
4
7
5
8
TDTD+
+5
82 Ω
RX_NRZRX_NRZ+
82 Ω
6
3
7
2
130 Ω
1
130 Ω
9
RDRD+
RxVEE
TxVEE
Figure 7. Recommended Connection of Fiber Port
TX_NRZ+/- termination components should be
placed as close to the fiber transceiver as possible,
while RX_NRZ+/- and SIGNAL+/- termination
components should be placed close to the CS8952.
The CS8952 100BASE-FX interface IO pins
(TX_NRZ+, TX_NRZ-, RX_NRZ+, RX_NRZ-,
SIGNAL+, and SIGNAL-) may be left unconnected if a fiber interface is not used.
7.3
Internal Voltage Reference
A 4.99 kΩ biasing resistor must be connected between the CS8952 RES pin and ground. This resisCrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
tor biases the internal analog circuits of the CS8952
and should be placed as close as possible to RES
pin. Connect the other end of this resistor directly
to the ground plane. Connect the adjacent CS8952
ground pins (pins 85 and 87) to the grounded end of
the resistor forming a “shield” around the RES connection.
7.4
Clocking Schemes
The CS8952 may be clocked using one of three
possible schemes: using a 25 MHz crystal and the
internal oscillator, using an external oscillator sup-
63
CS8952
with transformers meeting these requirements.
However, the designer should evaluate the magnetics for suitability in their specific design.
CS8952
VSS
RES
VSS
7.6
87
86
4.99 kΩ
Via to
Ground Plane
85
Figure 8. Biasing Resistor Connection and Layout
plied through the XTAL_I pin, or using an external
clock source supplied through the TX_CLK pin.
When a 25 MHz crystal is used, it should be placed
within one inch of the XTAL_I and XTAL_O pins
of the CS8952. The crystal traces should be short,
have no vias, and run on the component side.
Table 7 lists examples of manufacturers of suitable
crystals. The designer should evaluate their crystal
selection for suitability in their specific design.
An external CMOS clock source may be connected
to the XTAL_I pin, with the XTAL_O pin left
open. The input capacitance of the XTAL_I pin is
larger than the other inputs (a maximum of 35pF),
since it includes the additional load capacitance of
the crystal oscillator. Care should be taken to assure any external clock source attached to XTAL_I
is capable of driving higher capacitive loads. The
clock signal should be 25 MHz ±0.01% with a duty
cycle between 45% and 55%.
When the XTAL_I pin load is a problem, or only a
TTL level clock source is available, the CS8952
can be clocked through the TX_CLK pin, providing the TX_CLK mode is set appropriately using
the TCM pin. The clock frequency will be dependent on the operating mode.
7.5
Recommended Magnetics
The CS8952 requires an isolation transformer with
a 1:1 turns ratio for both the transmit and receive
signals. Table 7 lists examples of manufacturers
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Power Supply and Decoupling
The CS8952 supports connection to either a 3.3 V
or 5.0 V MII. When connected to a +5.0 V MII, all
power pins should be provided +5.0 V +/- 5%, and
all signal inputs should be referenced to +5.0V.
When interfaced with a 3.3 V MII, VDD_MII power pins should be provided +3.3 V +/- 5%, VDD
power pins should be provided +5.0 V +/- 5%, and
all signal inputs should be referenced to +3.3 V.
Component
Manufacturer
Raltron Electronics Corp.
10651 NW 19th St.
Miami, FL 33172
Crystal
(305) 593-6033
www.raltron.com
Halo Electronics, Inc.
P.O. Box 5826
Redwood City, CA 94063
USA
(650) 568-5800
www.haloelectronics.com
Bel Fuse, Inc.
198 Van Vorst Street
Jersey City, NJ 07302
Transformer USA
(201) 432-0463
www.belfuse.com
Pulse Engineering
12220 World Trade Drive
San Diego, CA 92128
USA
(619) 674-8100
www.pulseeng.com
Hewlett Packard
Component Sales
Fiber
Response Center
Interface
(408) 654-8675
www.hp.com/HP-COMP
Part Number
AS-25.000-15-FEXT-SMD-TRCIR
TG22-3506ND
S5558-5999-46
PE-68515
HFBR-5103
Table 7. Support Component Manufactures
Each CS8952 power pin should be connected to a
0.1 µF bypass capacitor and then to the power
plane. The bypass capacitors should be located as
close to its corresponding power pin as possible.
Connect ground pins directly to the ground plane.
64
CS8952
7.7
General Layout Recommendations
transmission lines (100 Ω differential, 50 Ω
single-ended). The MII signals should be 68 Ω
microstrip transmission lines. (For short MII
signal paths one may standardize on a given
trace width for all traces without significant
degradation in signal integrity.)
The following PCB layout recommendations will
help ensure reliable operation of the CS8952 and
good EMC performance.
•
•
•
•
Use a multilayer Printed Circuit Board with at
least one ground and one power plane. A typical +5V MII application would be as follows:
Layer 1: (top) Components and first choice signal routing
Layer 2: Ground
Layer 3: Power (+5V)
Layer 4: (bottom) Second choice signal routing, bypass components
Place transformer TI as close to the RJ45 connector as possible with the secondary (network) side
facing the RJ45 and the primary (chip) side facing
the analog side (pins 76-100) of CS8952. Place
the CS8952 in turn as close to T1 as possible.
•
Avoid routing traces other than the TX and RX
signals under transformer T1 and the RJ45 connector. Signals may run on the bottom side underneath the CS8952 as long as they stay away
from critical analog traces.
•
Connect all CS8952 ground and power pins directly to the ground and power planes, respectively. Note: The VDD_MII power pins may
need their own power plane or plane segment in
+3.3 V MII applications.
•
Depending on the orientation and location of
the transformer, the CS8952, and the RJ-45,
and on whether the application is for a NIC or a
switch, the RX and TX pairs may need to cross.
This should be done by changing layers on a
pair by pair basis only, using the minimum
number of vias, and making sure that each trace
within a pair “sees” the same path as its peer.
Use the bottom layer for signal routing as a second choice. You may place all components on
the top layer. However, bypass capacitors are
optimally placed as close to the chip as possible
and may be best located underneath the
CS8952 on the bottom layer. Termination components at the RJ-45 and fiber transceiver may
also be optimally placed on the bottom layer.
Connect a 0.1 µF bypass capacitor to each
CS8952 VDD and VDD_MII pin. Place it as
close to its corresponding power pin as possible
and connect the other lead directly to the
ground plane.
•
The 4.99k reference resistor should be placed
as close to the RES pin as possible. Connect the
other end of this resistor to the ground plane using a via. Connect the adjacent VSS pins (pins
85 and 87) to the grounded end of the resistor
forming a shield as illustrated in Figure 8.
•
Controlled impedance is necessary for critical
signals TX+/-, RX+/-, TX_NRZ+/-, and
RX_NRZ+/-. These should be run as microstrip
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Figure 6 shows the CS8952 in a NIC or adapter
configuration. It may be configured for a hub or
repeater application by changing the wiring to
the RJ-45 as shown in Table 8.
•
Differential pair transmission lines should be
routed close together (one trace width spacing
edge-to-edge) and kept at least two trace widths
away from other traces, components, etc. TX
and RX pairs should be routed away from each
other and may use opposite sides of the PCB as
necessary, Each member of the differential pair
should “see” the same PCB terrain as its peer.
•
Unused spaces on the signal layers should be
filled with ground fill (pour). Vias should connect the ground patches to the ground plane.
This is especially recommended (symmetrical65
CS8952
ly) on both sides of the TX+/- traces.
CS8952 Pin
Assignment
91 (RX+)
92 (RX-)
81 (TX-)
80 (TX+)
T1 Primary Pin T1 Secondary
Assignment
Pin Assignment
1 (RX+)
2 (RX-)
16 (TX-)
15 (TX+)
7 (RX+)
6 (RX-)
10 (TX-)
11 (TX+)
RJ-45 Pin Assignment
Adapter/NIC
Configuration
3 (RD+)
6 (RD-)
2 (TD+)
1 (TD+)
Hub/Repeater
Configuration
1 (RD+)
2 (RD-)
6 (TD-)
3 (TD+)
Table 8. RJ-45 Wiring
•
•
No signal current carrying planes, i.e. no
ground or power plane, should be present underneath the region between the transformer
secondary (network) side and the RJ-45. However, a chassis plane may be added in this region to pick up the metal tabs of a shielded RJ45. This chassis plane should be separated from
the ground and power planes by at least
50 mils. That is, all other ground and power
planes should be “cookie cuttered” so they are
voided in the area of the chassis plane. Generally speaking, parts should not cross the moat
except for the transformer.
Proper termination practices must be used with
all transmission lines, especially if sending and
receiving high speed signals on and off the
board. Series terminations must be kept close to
the source and load terminations close to the
load. Thus the TX_NRZ+/- termination components must be kept close to the fiber optic
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
transceiver, and the RX_NRZ+/- and SIGNAL+/- termination components must be kept
close to the CS8952.
•
Locate the crystal as close to the CS8952 as
possible, running short traces on the component
side in order to reduce parasitic load capacitance.
•
Add bulk capacitance at each connector where
power may be supplied. For example, MII power may be provided at the MII connector and at
a separate connector for test purposes. If so, and
the two connectors are not adjacent, then the
bulk capacitors should be duplicated in each locations.
•
Use wide traces to connect the “Bob Smith” termination resistors at T1 and the RJ-45 to the
2 kV capacitor or capacitors in order to minimize their lead inductance.
66
CS8952
8. PIN DESCRIPTIONS
CS8952 100-pin
TQFP
(14 mm x 14 mm)
75
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
RSVD
RSVD
LED5
LED4
LED3
LED2
LED1
SPD10
SPD100
VDD_MII
VSS
PWRDN
ISODEF
BPSCR
TXSLEW1
TXSLEW0
TCM
AN1
AN0
BP4B5B
VSS
VDD
VSS
BPALIGN
LPBK
MII_IRQ
MDIO
MDC
RXD3/PHYAD3
RXD2
RXD1/PHYAD1
RXD0
RX_DV/MII_DRV
VDD_MII
VSS
RX_CLK
RX_ER/RXD4/PHYAD4
TX_ER/TXD4
VSS
VDD
VSS
TX_CLK
TX_EN
TXD0
TXD1
TXD2
TXD3
COL/PHYAD0
CRS/PHYAD2
LPSTRT
VSS
VDD
VSS
TX_NRZTX_NRZ+
RX_NRZRX_NRZ+
SIGNALSIGNAL+
VSS
VDD
VSS
VSS
RX_EN
RESET
REPEATER
CLK25
VSS
VDD
VSS
VDD_MII
VSS
10BT_SER
TEST0
TEST1
100
99
98
97
96
95
94
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
79
78
77
76
VDD
RSVD
RSVD
XTAL_O
XTAL_I
VSS
VDD
VSS
RXRX+
VSS
VDD
VDD
VSS
RES
VSS
RSVD
VSS
VDD
TXTX+
VDD
VSS
RSVD
RSVD
Pin Diagram
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
67
CS8952
MII Interface Pins
COL/PHYAD0 - Collision Detect/PHY Address 0. Input/Tri-State Output, Pin 48.
Asserted active-high to indicate a collision on the medium during half-duplex operation. In full-duplex
operation, COL is undefined and should be ignored. When configured for 10 Mb/s operation, COL is
also used to indicate a Signal Quality Error (SQE) condition.
At power-up or at reset, the logic value on this pin is latched into bit 0 of the PHY Address field of the
Self Status Register (address 19h). This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or the value
may be set by an external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
CRS/PHYAD2 - Carrier Sense/PHY Address 2. Input/Tri-State Output, Pin 49.
The operation of CRS is controlled by the REPEATER pin as follows:
REPEATER pin
high
low
low
DUPLEX mode
don’t care
full duplex
half duplex
CRS Indicates
receive activity only
receive activity only
receive or transmit activity
At power-up or at reset, the logic value of this pin is latched into bit 2 of the PHY Address Field of the
Self Status Register (address 19h). This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or the value
may be set by an external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
MDC - Management Data Clock. Input, Pin 28.
Input clock used to transfer serial data on MDIO. The maximum clock rate is 16.67 MHz. This clock may
be asynchronous to RX_CLK and TX_CLK.
MDIO - Management Data Input/Output. Bi-Directional, Pin 27.
Bi-directional signal used to transfer management data between the CS8952 and the Ethernet controller.
In order to conform with Annex 22B of the IEEE 802.3u specification, the MII_DRV pin should be pulled
high during power-up or reset, and the MDIO pin should have an external 1.5 kΩ pull-up resistor. For
systems not required to drive external connectors and cables as described in the IEEE802.3u
specification, the external pull-up resistor may not be necessary.
MII_IRQ - MII Interrupt. Open Drain Output, Pin 26.
Asserted low to indicate the status corresponding to one of the unmasked interrupt status bits in the
Interrupt Status Register (address 11h) has changed. It will remain low until the ISR is read, clearing all
status bits.
This open drain pin requires a 4.7 kΩ pull-up resistor.
RX_CLK - Receive Clock. Tri-State Output, Pin 36
Continuous clock output used as a reference clock for sampling RXD[3:0], RX_ER, and RX_DV.
RX_CLK will have the following nominal frequency:
Speed
100 Mb/s
10 Mb/s
10 Mb/s
10BT_SER pin
n/a
low (parallel)
high (serial)
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
DS206F1
Nominal frequency
25 MHz
2.5 MHz
10 MHz
68
CS8952
In order to conform with Annex 22B of the IEEE 802.3u specification, the MII_DRV pin should be pulled
high during power-up or reset, and the RX_CLK pin should have an external 33 Ω series resistor. For
systems not required to drive external connectors and cables as described in the IEEE802.3u
specification, the external series resistor may not be necessary.
RX_DV/MII_DRV - Receive Data Valid/MII Drive Strength. Input/Tri-State Output, Pin 33.
Asserted high to indicate valid data nibbles are present on RXD[3:0].
At power-up or at reset, this pin is used as an input to determine the drive strength of the MII output
drivers. When the pin is low, all MII output drivers will be standard 4 mA CMOS drivers. When high,
additional drive strength will be added to the MII output drivers. This pin includes a weak internal pulldown (> 20 kΩ), or the value may be set by an external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
In order to conform with Annex 22B of the IEEE 802.3u specification, this pin should be pulled high
during power-up or reset and should have an external 33 Ω series resistor. For systems not required to
drive external connectors and cables as described in the IEEE802.3u specification, it may be possible to
reduce overall power consumption by pulling the pin low at power-up or reset, and the external series
resistor may not be necessary.
RX_EN - Receive Enable. Input, Pin 14.
When high, signals RXD[3:0], RX_CLK, RX_DV, and RX_ER are enabled. When low, these signals are
tri-stated. RX_EN allows the received data signals of multiple PHY transceivers to share the same MII
bus.
This pin includes a weak internal pull-up (> 150 kΩ), or the value may be set by an external 10 kΩ pullup or pull-down resistor.
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RX_ER/PHYAD4/RXD4 - Receive Error/PHY Address 4/Receive Data 4. Input/Tri-State Output,
Pin 37.
During normal MII operation, this pin is defined as RX_ER (Receive Error). When RX_DV is high,
RX_ER asserted high indicates that an error has been detected in the current receive frame. When
RX_DV is low and RXD[3:0] = “1110”, RX_ER high indicates a False Carrier condition.
If either BPALIGN or BP4B5B is asserted, then this pin is re-defined as RXD4 (Receive Data 4), the
most-significant bit of the received five-bit code-group. If the 4B5B encoder is being bypassed, receive
data is present when RX_DV is asserted. If alignment is being bypassed, data reception is continuous.
At power-up or at reset, the logic value on this pin is latched into bit 4 of the PHY Address field of the
Self Status Register (address 19h). This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or the value
may be set by an external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
In order to conform with Annex 22B of the IEEE 802.3u specification, the MII_DRV pin should be pulled
high during power-up or reset, and the RX_ER pin should have an external 33 Ω series resistor. For
systems not required to drive external connectors and cables as described in the IEEE802.3u
specification, the external series resistor may not be necessary.
RXD3/PHYAD3 - Receive Data 3/PHY Address 3. Tri-State Output, Pin 29.
RXD2 - Receive Data 2. Tri-State Output, Pin 30.
RXD1/PHYAD1 - Receive Data 1/PHY Address 1. Tri-State Output, Pin 31.
RXD0 - Receive Data 0. Tri-State Output, Pin 32.
Receive data output. Receive data is present when RX_DV is asserted. RXD0 is the least-significant bit.
For MII modes, nibble-wide data (synchronous to RX_CLK) is transferred on pins RXD[3:0]. In 10 Mb/s
serial mode, pin RXD0 is used as the serial output pin, and RXD[3:1] are ignored. When either BP4B5B
or BPALIGN is selected, pin RXD4 contains the most-significant bit of the five-bit code-group.
At power-up or at reset, the value on RXD1/PHYAD1 is latched into bit 1 of the PHY Address field of
the Self Status Register (address 19h). This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or the
value may be set by an external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
At power-up or at reset, the logic value on RXD3/PHYAD3 is latched into bit 3 of the PHY Address field
of the Self Status Register (address 19h). This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or the
value may be set by an external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
In order to conform with Annex 22B of the IEEE 802.3u specification, the MII_DRV pin should be pulled
high during power-up or reset, and the RXD[3:0] pins should have external 33 Ω series resistors. For
systems not required to drive external connectors and cables as described in the IEEE802.3u
specification, the external series resistors may not be necessary.
TX_CLK - Transmit Clock. Input/Tri-State Output, Pin 42.
Continuous clock signal used by the CS8952 as a reference clock to sample TXD[3:0], TX_ER, and
TX_EN. TX_CLK can be referenced either internally (Output Mode) or externally (Input Mode) based
upon the value of the TCM pin at power-up or at reset.
TCM pin
high
floating
low
TX_CLK mode
TX_CLK is input
TX_CLK is input
TX_CLK is output
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CLK25 pin is an output
CLK25 is disabled
CLK25 is disabled
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When the TCM pin is high on power-up or reset, the CLK25 pin may be used as a source for the
TX_CLK pin. When the TCM pin is floating on power-up or reset, TX_CLK must be supplied externally.
TX_CLK should have the following nominal frequency:
Speed
100 Mb/s
10 Mb/s
10 Mb/s
10BT_SER pin
n/a
low (parallel)
high (serial)
Nominal frequency
25 MHz
2.5 MHz
10 MHz
TX_EN - Transmit Enable. Input, Pin 43.
Asserted high to indicate valid data nibbles are present on TXD[3:0]. When BPALIGN is selected,
TX_EN must be pulled up to VDD_MII.
TX_ER/TXD4 - Transmit Error Encoding/Transmit Data 4. Input, Pin 38.
When high, TX_ER indicates to the CS8952 that a transmit error has occurred. If TX_ER is asserted
simultaneously with TX_EN in 100 Mb/s mode, the CS8952 will ignore the data on the TXD[3:0] pins
and transmit one or more 100 Mb/s HALT symbols in its place. In 10 Mb/s mode, TX_ER has no effect
on the transmitted data.
If BP4B5B or BPALIGN are set, TX_ER/TXD4 is used to transmit the most-significant bit of the five-bit
code group.
TXD[3:0] - Transmit Data. Input, Pins 47, 46, 45, and 44.
Transmit data input pins. For MII modes, nibble-wide data (synchronous to TX_CLK) must be presented
on pins TXD[3:0] when TX_EN is asserted high. TXD0 is the least significant bit. In 10 Mb/s serial
mode, pin TXD0 is used as the serial input pin, and TXD[3:1] are ignored.
When either BP4B5B or BPALIGN is selected, pin TXD4 contains the most significant bit of the five-bit
code-group.
Control and Status Pins
10BT_SER - 10 Mb/s Serial Mode Select. Input, Pin 23.
When asserted high during power-up or reset and 10 Mb/s operation is selected, serial data will be
transferred on pins RXD0 and TXD0. When low during power-up or reset and 10 Mb/s operation is
selected, data is transferred a nibble at a time on RXD[3:0] and TXD[3:0]. This pin is ignored during
100 Mb/s operation.
10 Mb/s serial mode may also be entered under software control through bit 9 of the 10BASE-T Status
Register (address 1Bh).
At power-up or at reset, the value on this pin is latched into bit 9 of the 10BASE-T Status Register
(address 1Bh). This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or the value may be set by an
external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
AN[1:0] - Auto-Negotiate Control. Input, Pins 58 and 57.
These three-level input pins are sampled during power-up or reset. They control the forced or
advertised auto-negotiation operating modes. If one of these pins is left unconnected, internal logic pulls
its signal to a mid-range value, 'M'.
AN1 pin
0
AN0 pin
M
Speed
10 Mb/s
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Forced
Full/Half Duplex
Half
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CS8952
AN1 pin
1
M
M
M
0
0
1
1
AN0 pin
M
0
1
M
0
1
0
1
Speed
10 Mb/s
100 Mb/s
100 Mb/s
100/10 Mb/s
10 Mb/s
10 Mb/s
100 Mb/s
100 Mb/s
Forced/Auto
Forced
Forced
Forced
Auto-Neg
Auto-Neg
Auto-Neg
Auto-Neg
Auto-Neg
Full/Half Duplex
Full
Half
Full
Full/Half
Half
Full
Half
Full
Auto-Negotiation may also be enabled and the advertised capabilities modified under software control
through bit 8 of the Basic Mode Control Register (address 00h), and bits 5, 6, 7, 8, and 10 of the AutoNegotiation Advertisement Register (address 04h).
These pins are pulled to ‘M’ through weak internal resistors (> 150 kΩ). Other values may be set by
tying them directly to VDD_MII or VSS, or through external 10 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistors.
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BP4B5B - Bypass 4B5B Coders. Input, Pin 56.
When driven high during power-up or reset, the transmit 4B5B encoder and receiver 5B4B decoder are
bypassed. Five-bit code groups are output and input on pins RXD[4:0] and TXD[4:0].
The 4B5B Coders may also be bypassed under software control through bit 14 of the Loopback,
Bypass, and Receiver Error Mask Register (address 18h).
At power-up or at reset, the value on this pin is latched into bit 14 of the Loopback, Bypass and
Receiver Error Mask Register (address 18h). This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or
the value may be set by an external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
BPALIGN - Bypass Symbol Alignment. Input, Pin 52.
When driven high during power-up or reset, the following blocks are bypassed: 4B5B encoder, 5B4B
decoder, scrambler, descrambler, NRZI encoder, and NRZI decoder. Five-bit code groups are output and
input on pins RXD[4:0] and TXD[4:0]. The receiver will output five-bit data with no attempt to identify
code-group boundaries; therefore, the data in one RXD[4:0] word may contain data from two code
groups.
Symbol alignment may also be bypassed under software control through bit 12 of the Loopback,
Bypass, and Receiver Error Mask Register (address 18h).
At power-up or at reset, the value on this pin is latched into bit 12 of the Loopback, Bypass and
Receiver Error Mask Register (address 18h). This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or
the value may be set by an external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
BPSCR - Bypass Scrambler. Input, Pin 62.
When driven high during power-up or reset, the scrambler and descrambler is bypassed and NRZI FX
mode is selected.
The 100BASE-FX mode may also be entered under software control through bit 13 of the Loopback,
Bypass, and Receiver Error Mask Register (address 18h).
At power-up or at reset, the value on this pin is latched into bit 13 of the Loopback, Bypass and
Receiver Error Mask Register (address 18h). This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or
the value may be set by an external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
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ISODEF - Isolate Default. Input, Pin 63.
When asserted high during power-up or reset, the MII will power-up electrically isolated except for the
MDIO and MDC pins. When low, the part will exit reset fully electrically connected to the MII.
The MII may also be isolated under software control through bit 10 of the Basic Mode Control Register
(address 00h).
At power-up or at reset, the value on this pin is latched into bit 10 of the Basic Mode Control Register
(address 00h). This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or the value may be set by an
external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
LED1 - Transmit Active LED. Open Drain Output, Pin 69.
This active-low output indicates transmit activity. It contains a pulse stretcher to insure that the transmit
events are visible when the pin is used to drive an LED. The definition of this pin may be modified to
indicate Disconnect Detection (bit 5 of the Self Status Register (address 19h)) by setting bit 2 of the
PCS Sub-layer Configuration Register (address 17h).
This pin can be simultaneously connected to an LED and to a TTL-compatible, CMOS input pin.
LED2 - Receive Activity LED. Open Drain Output, Pin 70.
This active-low output indicates receive activity. It contains a pulse stretcher to insure that the receive
events are visible when the pin is used to drive an LED.
This pin can be simultaneously connected to an LED and to a TTL-compatible, CMOS input pin.
LED3 - Link Good LED. Open Drain Output, Pin 71.
This active-low output indicates the CS8952 has detected a valid link.
This pin can be simultaneously connected to an LED and to a TTL-compatible, CMOS input pin.
LED4 - Polarity/Full Duplex LED. Open Drain Output, Pin 72.
This active-low output indicates:
1) for 100 Mb/s operation, the CS8952 is in full-duplex operation,
2) for 10 Mb/s operation, either good polarity exists or full duplex is selected (see bit 1 in the PCS Sublayer Configuration Register (address 17h)).
This pin can be simultaneously connected to an LED and to a TTL-compatible, CMOS input pin.
LED5 - Collision/Descrambler Lock LED. Open Drain Output, Pin 73.
This active-low output is asserted when either the CS8952 detects a collision (bit 11 of the PCS SubLayer Configuration Register (address 17h) is clear), or the 100BASE-TX descrambler is synchronized
(bit 11 of the PCS Sub-Layer Configuration Register (address 17h) is set). It contains a pulse stretcher
to insure that the collision events are visible when the pin is used to drive an LED.
This pin can be simultaneously connected to an LED and to a TTL-compatible, CMOS input pin.
LPBK - Loopback Enable. Input, Pin 51.
When this pin is asserted high and the CS8952 is operating in 100 Mb/s mode, the CS8952 will perform
a local loopback inside the PMD block, routing the scrambled NRZI output to the NRZI input port on the
descrambler. The loopback includes all CS8952 100 Mb/s functionality except the MLT-3 coders and the
analog line interface blocks.
When asserted high and the CS8952 is operating in 10 Mb/s mode, the CS8952 will perform a local
ENDEC loopback.
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LPSTRT - Low Power Start. Input, Pin 50.
When this active-low input is asserted during power-up or reset, the CS8952 will exit reset in a low
power configuration, where the only circuitry enabled is that necessary to maintain the media
impedance. The CS8952 will remain in a low power state until RESET pin is asserted or the MDC pin
toggles.
This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or the value may be set by an external 4.7 kΩ
pull-up or pull-down resistor.
PWRDN - Power Down. Input, Pin 64.
When this pin is asserted high, the CS8952 powers down all circuitry except that circuitry needed to
maintain the network line impedance. This is the lowest power mode possible. The CS8952 will remain
in low power mode until the PWRDN pin is deasserted.
A slightly higher power power-down mode may also be entered under software control through bit 11 of
the Basic Mode Control Register (address 00h).
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REPEATER - REPEATER Mode Select. Input, Pin 16.
This pin controls the operation of the CRS (Carrier Sense) pin as shown below:
REPEATER pin
high
low
low
DUPLEX mode
don’t care
full duplex
half duplex
CRS Indicates
receive activity only
receive activity only
receive or transmit activity
At power-up or at reset, the value on this pin is latched into bit 12 of the PCS Sub-Layer Configuration
Register (address 17h). This pin includes a weak internal pull-down (> 20 kΩ), or the value may be set
by an external 4.7 kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor.
SPD10 - 10 Mb/s Speed Indication. Output, Pin 68.
This pin is asserted high when the CS8952 is configured for 10 Mb/s operation. This pin can be used to
drive a low-current LED to indicate 10 Mb/s operation.
SPD100 - 100 Mb/s Speed Indication. Output, Pin 67.
This pin is asserted high when the CS8952 is configured for 100 Mb/s operation. This pin can be used
to drive a low-current LED to indicate 100 Mb/s operation.
TCM - Transmit Clock Mode Initialization. Input, Pin 59.
The logic value on this three-level pin during power-up or reset determines whether TX_CLK is used as
an input or an output, and whether an external 25 MHz clock reference is provided on the CLK25 output
pin.
TCM pin
high
floating
low
TX_CLK mode
TX_CLK is input
TX_CLK is input
TX_CLK is output
CLK25 status
CLK25 pin is an output
CLK25 is disabled
CLK25 is disabled
TEST[1:0] - Factory Test. Input, Pins 24 and 25.
These pins are for factory test only. They include weak internal pull-downs (> 20 kΩ), and should be tied
directly to VSS for normal operation.
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CS8952
TXSLEW[1:0] - Transmit Slew Rate Control. Input, Pins 61 and 60.
These three-level pins allow adjustment to the rise and fall times of the 10BASE-TX transmitter output
waveform. The rise and fall times are symmetric.
TXSLEW0 pin
low
low
low
floating
floating
floating
high
high
high
TXSLEW1 mode
low
floating
high
low
floating
high
low
floating
high
Rise/Fall time
0.5 ns
1.0 ns
1.5 ns
2.0 ns
2.5 ns
3.0 ns
3.5 ns
4.0 ns
4.5 ns
Media Interface Pins
RX+, RX- - 10/100 Receive. Differential Input Pair, Pins 91 and 92.
Differential input pair receives 10 or 100 Mb/s data from the receive port of the transformer primary.
TX+, TX- - 10/100 Transmit. Differential Output Pair, Pins 80 and 81.
Differential output pair drives 10 or 100 Mb/s data to the transmit port of the transformer primary.
RX_NRZ+, RX_NRZ- - FX Receive. Differential Input Pair, Pins 6 and 7.
PECL output pair receives 100 Mb/s NRZI-encoded data from an external optical module.
SIGNAL+, SIGNAL- - Signal Detect. Differential Input Pair, Pins 9 and 8.
PECL input pair receives signal detection indication from an external optical module.
TX_NRZ+, TX_NRZ- - FX Transmit. Differential Output Pair, Pins 5 and 4.
PECL output pair drives 100 Mb/s NRZI-encoded data to an external optical module.
General Pins
CLK25 - 25 MHz Clock. Output, Pin 17.
A 25 MHz Clock is output on this pin when the CS8952 is configured to use an external reference
transmit clock in TX_CLK IN MASTER mode. See the pin description for the Transmit Clock Mode
Initialization pin (TCM) for more information on TX_CLK operating modes.
CLK25 may also be enabled regardless of the TCM pin state by clearing bit 7 of the PCS Sub-layer
Configuration Register (address 17h).
RES - Reference Resistor. Input, Pin 86.
This input should be connected to ground with a 4.99 kΩ +/-1% series resistor. The resistor is needed
for the biasing of internal analog circuits.
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CS8952
RESET - Reset. Input, Pin 15.
This active high input initializes the CS8952, and causes the CS8952 to latch the input signal on the
following pins: COL/PHYAD0, CRS/PHYAD2, RX_ER/PHYAD4/RXD4, 10BT_SER, BP4B5B, BPALIGN,
BPSCR, ISODEF, REPEATER, RXD[1]/PHYAD1, and RXD[3]/PHYAD3.
XTAL_I - Crystal Input, Pin 96.
XTAL_O - Crystal Output, Pin 97.
A 25 MHz crystal should be connected across pins XTAL_I and XTAL_O. If a crystal is not used, a
25 MHz CMOS level clock may be connected to XTAL_I and XTAL_O left open.
NOTE: The XTAL_I pin capacitive load may be as high as 35pF. Any external clock source connected to this
pin must be capable of driving larger capacitive loads.
RSVD - Reserved. Pins 74, 75, 76, 77, 84, 98, and 99.
These seven pins are reserved and should be tied to VSS.
VDD_MII - MII Power. Pins 21, 34, and 66.
These pins provide power to the CS8952 MII interface. Typically VDD_MII will be either +5V or +3.3V.
VDD - Core Power. Pins 2, 11, 19, 40, 54, 79, 82, 88, 89, 94, and 100.
These pins provide power to the CS8952 core. Typically, VDD should be +5V.
VSS - Ground. Pins 1, 3, 10, 12, 13, 18, 20, 22, 35, 39, 41, 53, 55, 65, 78, 83, 85, 87, 90, 93, and 95.
These pins provide a ground reference for the CS8952.
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CS8952
9.
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS.
100L TQFP PACKAGE DRAWING
E
E1
D D1
1
e
B
∝
A
A1
L
INCHES
MIN
MAX
--0.063
0.002
0.006
0.007
0.011
0.618
0.642
0.547
0.555
0.618
0.642
0.547
0.555
0.016
0.024
0.018
0.030
0.000°
7.000°
∝
* Nominal pin pitch is 0.50 mm
DIM
A
A1
B
D
D1
E
E1
e*
L
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
--1.60
0.05
0.15
0.17
0.27
15.70
16.30
13.90
14.10
15.70
16.30
13.90
14.10
0.40
0.60
0.45
0.75
0.00°
7.00°
Controlling dimension is mm.
JEDEC Designation: MS026
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CS8952
10. ORDERING INFORMATION
Part #
Temperature Range
CS8952-CQZ
0 °C to +70 °C
CS8952-IQZ
-40 °C to +85 °C
Package Description
100-lead TQFP, Lead (Pb) Free
11. ENVIRONMENTAL, MANUFACTURING, & HANDLING INFORMATION
Model Number
Peak Reflow Temp
MSL Rating*
Max Floor Life
260 °C
3
7 Days
CS8952-CQZ
CS8952-IQZ
* MSL (Moisture Sensitivity Level) as specified by IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020.
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CS8952
12. REVISION HISTORY
Revision
Date
Changes
PP3
OCT 2001
Initial Release.
F1
JAN 2007
Added industrial temp range device. Added MSL data.
Contacting Cirrus Logic Support
For all product questions and inquiries contact a Cirrus Logic Sales Representative.
To find one nearest you go to http://www.cirrus.com
IMPORTANT NOTICE
Cirrus Logic, Inc. and its subsidiaries ("Cirrus") believe that the information contained in this document is accurate and reliable. However, the information is subject
to change without notice and is provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind (express or implied). Customers are advised to obtain the latest version of relevant
information to verify, before placing orders, that information being relied on is current and complete. All products are sold subject to the terms and conditions of sale
supplied at the time of order acknowledgment, including those pertaining to warranty, indemnification, and limitation of liability. No responsibility is assumed by Cirrus
for the use of this information, including use of this information as the basis for manufacture or sale of any items, or for infringement of patents or other rights of third
parties. This document is the property of Cirrus and by furnishing this information, Cirrus grants no license, express or implied under any patents, mask work rights,
copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets or other intellectual property rights. Cirrus owns the copyrights associated with the information contained herein and gives consent for copies to be made of the information only for use within your organization with respect to Cirrus integrated circuits or other products of Cirrus. This consent
does not extend to other copying such as copying for general distribution, advertising or promotional purposes, or for creating any work for resale.
CERTAIN APPLICATIONS USING SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCTS MAY INVOLVE POTENTIAL RISKS OF DEATH, PERSONAL INJURY, OR SEVERE PROPERTY OR ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE ("CRITICAL APPLICATIONS"). CIRRUS PRODUCTS ARE NOT DESIGNED, AUTHORIZED OR WARRANTED FOR USE
IN AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS, MILITARY APPLICATIONS, PRODUCTS SURGICALLY IMPLANTED INTO THE BODY, AUTOMOTIVE SAFETY OR SECURITY DEVICES, LIFE SUPPORT PRODUCTS OR OTHER CRITICAL APPLICATIONS. INCLUSION OF CIRRUS PRODUCTS IN SUCH APPLICATIONS IS UNDERSTOOD TO BE FULLY AT THE CUSTOMER'S RISK AND CIRRUS DISCLAIMS AND MAKES NO WARRANTY, EXPRESS, STATUTORY OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WITH REGARD TO ANY CIRRUS PRODUCT
THAT IS USED IN SUCH A MANNER. IF THE CUSTOMER OR CUSTOMER'S CUSTOMER USES OR PERMITS THE USE OF CIRRUS PRODUCTS IN CRITICAL
APPLICATIONS, CUSTOMER AGREES, BY SUCH USE, TO FULLY INDEMNIFY CIRRUS, ITS OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, EMPLOYEES, DISTRIBUTORS AND
OTHER AGENTS FROM ANY AND ALL LIABILITY, INCLUDING ATTORNEYS' FEES AND COSTS, THAT MAY RESULT FROM OR ARISE IN CONNECTION
WITH THESE USES.
Cirrus Logic, Cirrus, CrystalLAN, and the Cirrus Logic logo designs are trademarks of Cirrus Logic, Inc. All other brand and product names in this document may be
trademarks or service marks of their respective owners.
CrystalLAN™ 100BASE-X and 10BASE-T Transceiver
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