Piranha Manual

Piranha Manual
INSTALLATION
OPERATING &
MAINTENANCE
MANUAL
140 Pond View Drive
Meriden, Connecticut 06450
(203) 238-2700
PIRANHA 08/09
SCAVENGER
SE4 & SE5 PUMPS
SE10 PUMPS
SJ4 & SJ5 PUMPS
SJ10 PUMPS
CAUTION
Three~phase only, "CAUTION: Risk of Shock. Do not
remove cord and strain relief. Do not connect conduit to
pump", and "INSTALLER: This pump is not provided with
a supply connection, therefore one of the following means
must be provided by the installer: (1) A suitably rated,
grounding-type attachment plug must be provided for
connection to the branch circuit supply, or (2) A Listed
junction box, Listed outlet box, or Listed wiring
compartment and their associated fittings must be
provided by the installer for supply connection. This
provision must reduce the likelihood of water entry during
temporary, limited submersion. See Instruction Manual
for Further Details. Only qualified personnel shall install
the pump.
WARNING
Single ~ phase only, “WARNING:
WARNING: Risk of electrical shock-this pump is supplied
with a grounding conductor and grounding-type
attachment plug. To reduce the risk of electrical shock,
be certain that it is connected only to a properly
grounded, grounding receptacle, motor is thermally
protected.
To reduce risk of electrical shock, pull plug before
servicing this pump.
This pump has not been investigated for use in swimming
pools.
1.0 INTRODUCTION
1.1
The PIRANHA/SCAVENGER series
submersible pumps are designed to be used for
pumping clean or contaminated water, residential or
industrial sewage, or septic tank effluent. All liquids to
be pumped must be compatible with the materials of
construction of the pump.
1.2 The pump consists of a fully submersible motor,
close coupled to a non-clog type pump end. The
motor housing and volute are cast iron. The cap , as
well as all external hardware are stainless steel.
2.0 UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
2.1 Carefully open the shipping container and
remove the pump. Check packing material for spare
parts before discarding.
2.2 Thoroughly inspect the pump for shipping
damage. Pay special attention to the power cable,
and discharge port threads. Report any damage to the
shipping carrier. In the event of damage, retain all
packing material; it may be required to support a
damage claim.
2.3 If the pump is to be stored before use, store it
in its shipping carton, in a dry, temperature stable
environment. Do not store the pump in an incomplete
wet well, or in an environment where the free end of
the power cable can be exposed to moisture.
( 4) 11/04 15975132
3.0
INSTALLATION
3.1 Pumps are shipped from ABS ready for installation
and use. Confirm that your electrical supply is of the correct
voltage, and that it can handle the current draw of the motor.
A separate branch circuit for the pump is recommended.
Refer to the pump name plate for voltage and current
requirements.
3.2 Pumps may be installed in open or closed type basins
made of a variety of different materials including fiberglass,
concrete, plastic, or steel. The support under the basin must
be stable and level.
3.3 Basins should be sized to minimize the number of
starts per hour that the pump will experience. Generally, a
basin of 18 inches in diameter, and 30 inches deep is
considered the minimum size for most applications. Starts per
hour should not exceed 10. If floats are to be used to operate
the pump, the basin must be large enough so that the floats
can swing through their entire range without contacting the
pump or basin wall.
3.4 A vent pipe is required on closed type basins. Consult
local codes for installation requirements.
Figure 1
3.5 Remove all debris from the basin before installing
pumps.
top of the pump. Often the easiest method for determining
rotation is the "Start Reaction" method. To check rotation this
way, place the pump standing upright on the floor.
Momentarily energize the power and watch the direction the
pump body twists. 'This twist or "start reaction" will be in a
direction opposite to the impeller rotation. The start reaction
should twist the pump in a counter- clockwise direction when
viewed from the top of the pump.
3.6 The pumps have either 1¼“, 1½” or 2” internally
threaded discharge connection. Depending on the installation
requirements, steel, stainless steel, or plastic pipe may be
used to plumb the pump. Whichever is used, a free-flow
check valve should be installed in the discharge line to
prevent back flow. A union should also be installed in the line
to facilitate pump removal. A shut-off valve (gate or ball type)
should be installed above the check valve and union. See
Figure 1 for a typical installation diagram. The pump may be
suspended from the piping, but under no circumstances
should the pump be required to support the weight of the
piping.
4.0
INITIAL START UP
4.1 Rotation. Check to be sure the impeller is spinning
in the proper direction before final installation of the pump.
This is especially important with three phase pumps. The
proper rotation is shown with an arrow on the top of the pump.
Proper rotation is clock- wise when viewed from the
4.2 If the direction of rotation of a three phase pump is
incorrect, exchange any two of the motor input power leads at
the power supply. This will reverse the rotation. Re-check
pump for proper rotation after exchanging leads. If there are
multiple pumps in the wet well, check rotation on each pump
individually. Consult the factory immediately if a single phase
pump runs backwards.
4.3 Run the pump under normal load, and check the
motor amp draw with a clamp-on ammeter. Amp draw should
be within the limits stated on the pump nameplate.
5.0
FLOATS AND CONTROLS
WARNING: Piggyback Floats are for single ~ phase only.
5.1 The pump may be operated automatically using a piggy
back float switch. This is a float switch whose cord has a special
plug on the end. The float plug can be plugged into the electrical
outlet, and the pump can then be plugged into the float plug.
The float then cycles the pump on and off as the liquid level rises
and falls.
Pumping Range Table for Single Piggyback Float
5.4 Pilot Floats With Control Panel. The pump may be
operated off a control panel in either a simplex or duplex
configuration. When a control panel is used, pilot floats signal
the control panel when to turn pumps on and off. A typical
duplex station is shown in Figure 3. The pumping range is
controlled by the vertical distance between the "on" or "lead"
float, and the "off” float. In a duplex station, the "lag" float brings
on the second pump in the event the level continues to rise after
the lead pump has come on. The lag float is sometimes tied into
the high level alarm system to sound an alarm.
CABLE LENGTH FROM
MOUNTING CLAMP TO
FLOAT
PUMPING RANGE
3.5"
5.0"
7.0"
9.0"
11.0"
13.0"
15.0"
17.0"
6.5"
8.0"
10.0"
12.0"
13.0"
14.0"
15.0"
16.0"
5.2 Single Piggyback Float. To install a single piggyback
float, first determine the pumping range from the Pumping
Range Table. Attach the float cable to the float clamp using
instructions and parts supplied with the float switch. Attach the
float clamp to the discharge pipe as shown in Figure 2. Plug the
float switch into the electrical outlet, and the pump into the back
of the float plug. Fill the basin with liquid and adjust the height of
the clamp, and float cable length to achieve desired pumping
range.
Figure 3
6.0
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
6.1
Disconnect all electric power from the system
before performing maintenance on any pump, float, or
control.
6.2 Never lift the pump by It's power cord.
6.3 Pump Wash down. The accumulation of grease,
sludge, or crust on the exterior of the pump housing interferes
with the transfer of normal motor heat to the pumped fluid. This
may result in overheating of the motor, and shortening of the
motor's life. Pumps should be cleaned at intervals appropriate
for the conditions they are operating in. Generally a six month
interval is acceptable. Use caution not to damage the pump
power cord during cleaning. If the power cord should become
damaged, remove the pump from service immediately.
5,3 Double Piggyback Float. Double piggyback floats are used
where large distances between on and off levels are required.
Setup of the float switches is the same as described in 5.2
above, except the pumping range is controlled by the vertical
distance between the "on" and "off” floats.
Consult the
instructions supplied with the floats to determine which is the
“on" and which is the "off” float.
6.4
Float Switch Cleaning. Accumulation of grease,
sludge, or crust on float switches may interfere with the proper
operation of the floats. Floats should be checked at three month
intervals, and cleaned as required. Use caution not to damage
the float cord during cleaning. Never use a float with a
damaged cord.
ONE YEAR WARRANTY
ABS Pumps Inc. warrants the above series of submersible pumps to be free from defect in workmanship and materials for a period of one (1) year after date of shipment to end
customer.
Start-up reports and electrical systems schematics may be required to support warranty claims. Warranty effective only if Company supplied or authorized control panels are used.
The Company’s sole obligation under this warranty shall be to make repairs and replace parts when necessary on products that have been returned to it or to an authorized service
facility and found to be defective by the Company. The Company shall not be liable for any special, indirect, or consequential damages of any kind. Major components not
manufactured by the Company are covered by the original manufacturer’s warranty in lieu of this warranty. The Company will not be held responsible for travel expenses, rented
equipment, outside contractors fees, or unauthorized repair shop expenses. The Company neither assumes nor authorizes any person or other company to assume for it, any
other obligation in connection with the sale of its equipment. Any enlargement or modification of this warranty by the Representative or other Sales Agent is their exclusive
responsibility. Transportation charges shall be borne by the Buyer. Returns must have prior written authorization from the Company.
This warranty shall extend only to the original Owner and shall not apply to any product that have been repaired or altered without the Company’s consent or have been subject to
misuse, accident or neglect, or have been used for pumping materials which are incompatible with the materials of construction of the pump.
NO OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WILL
APPLY.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
SYMPTOM
(1) Pump will not start
(2) Repeated tripping*
(3) Pump runs in manual, not in
automatic
PROBABLE CAUSE
(1) Level switch failure
REMEDY
(1) Remove pump plug from piggyback and plug directly in outlet. If
pump runs, replace level switch (es). If floats are connected to
power supply, check float switches per symptoms 3 through 7.
(2) Power supply failure
(3) Burned out fuse or tripped circuit breaker
(4) Damaged power cable
(5) Jammed impeller
(6) Water inside motor
(7) Foreign matter build-up
(2) a. Check power supply
b. Check electrical system for loose connections.
c. Check operating voltage between terminals
Ll and L2, single phase.
d. Check operating voltage between any two
lines, three phase.
(3) Check circuit protectors, reset circuit breakers.
(4) Check external cable for damage.
(5) Inspect and remove jamming object.
(6) Contact factory.
(7) Clean floats carefully.
(1) Circuit protection underrated
(2) Pump connected to incorrect voltage
(3) Wet or damaged wiring
(4) Obstruction in pump
(5) Pump rotation
(1) Check rating and replace with proper size.
(2) Verify connections; see specific wiring diagram.
(3) Inspect external cable and replace if worn or damaged.
(4) Remove obstruction.
(5) Check pump rotation if three phase.
*IF SYMPTOMS CONTINUE, CONSULT FACTORY
(1) Bad "OFF" float switch
(1) Install wire jumper between "OFF" switch terminals. If pump
starts to run, replace the "OFF" switch.
(2) Bad "ON" float switch
(2) Install wire jumper between "ON" float terminals. If pump starts to
run, replace the "ON" float switch.
(1) Faulty lead pump float switch
(2) Faulty lag pump float switch
(3) Foreign matter build-up on floats
(1) With power off, invert each float switch to check leads for
continuity.
(2) Same as remedy (1).
(3) Clean floats.
(5) Pump will not shut off
(1) Level switch failure
(2) Level control panel failure
(1) With power off, check float switches for continuity.
(2) Check control panel schematic drawing.
(6)High level alarm does not
come on (optional)
(1) Faulty high level alarm float switch
(1) Install wire jumper between alarm terminals.
(2) Replace high level alarm float switch.
(7) Low flow
(1) Pump rotation
(2) Liquid level in pit too low-air bound
(3) Obstruction in pump or piping
(4) Partially closed valve(s)
(1) Check pump rotation.
(2) Check liquid level and location of level switches.
(3) Remove obstruction.
(4) Check and adjust valve(s).
(4) Pumps run separately, but not
together (duplex operation)
140 Pond View Drive, Meriden, Connecticut 06450. (203) 238-2700. FAX (203) 238-0738 www.abspumpsusa.com
ABS Pumps Ltd. . Clonard Road . Wexford , Ireland . Telephone ( 053) 63200 . Fax (053) 42335 www.abspumps.com
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