Billion | 7300VP | User`s manual | Billion 7300VP User`s manual

Billion 7300VP User`s manual
BiPAC 7300VP/7300VGP
VoIP/(802.11g) ADSL2+ Router
User’s Manual
Chapter 1 ................................................................................................................... 2
1.1 Introducing the BiPAC 7300VGP series .............................................. 2
1.2 Features................................................................................................. 4
1.3 Applications of the BiPAC 7300VGP series........................................ 8
Chapter 2 ................................................................................................................... 9
2.1 Important Notes .................................................................................. 10
2.2 Package Contents............................................................................... 10
2.3 The Front LEDs................................................................................... 11
2.4 The Rear Ports .................................................................................... 12
2.5 Cabling ................................................................................................ 14
Chapter 3 ................................................................................................................. 15
3.1 Before Configuration.......................................................................... 15
3.2 Factory Default Settings .................................................................... 21
3.3 LAN and WAN Port Addresses .......................................................... 21
3.4 Information from your ISP ................................................................. 22
3.5 Configuring with your (802.11g) ADSL2+ Router............................. 23
Chapter 4 ................................................................................................................. 26
4.1 Status................................................................................................... 27
4.1.1 ARP Table ......................................................................................... 30
4.1.2 Wireless Association ...................................................................... 31
4.1.3 Routing Table ................................................................................... 32
4.1.4 DHCP Table ...................................................................................... 33
4.1.5 System Log ...................................................................................... 34
4.1.6 Security Log..................................................................................... 35
4.1.7 VoIP Log ........................................................................................... 36
4.2 Quick Start .......................................................................................... 37
4.3 Configuration ...................................................................................... 40
4.3.1 LAN (Local Area Network) .............................................................. 41
4.3.2 WAN (Wide Area Network) .............................................................. 48
4.3.3 System.............................................................................................. 55
4.3.4 Firewall ............................................................................................. 60
4.3.5 QoS (Quality of Service).................................................................. 69
4.3.6 Virtual Server ................................................................................... 81
4.3.7 Advanced ......................................................................................... 85
4.3.8 VoIP................................................................................................. 101
4.4 Save Configuration to Flash .............................................................111
4.5 Restart ............................................................................................... 112
Chapter 5 ............................................................................................................... 113
5.1 How to obtain a personal phone number? ..................................... 113
5.2 BiPAC 7300VGP VoIP Configuration ............................................... 117
5.2.1 SIP Settings.................................................................................... 118
5.2.2 LINE Settings ................................................................................. 119
5.3 How to make a call from FXS to FXO.............................................. 120
5.4 How to receiving an incoming call from FXO port......................... 121
5.5 General Tone Table........................................................................... 122
Chapter 6 ............................................................................................................... 124
1
Chapter 1
Introduction
1.1 Introducing the BiPAC 7300VGP series
Thank you for purchasing the BiPAC 7300VGP series ADSL2+ Router by Billion. Your new
router is an all-in-one unit that combines an ADSL modem, ADSL2/2+ router and Ethernet
network switch to provide everything you need to get the machines on your network
connected to the Internet over an ADSL broadband connection.
The BiPAC 7300VGP series router complies with ADSL2+ standards for deployment
worldwide and supports downstream rates of up to 24 Mbps and upstream rates of up to 1
Mbps. Designed for small office, home office and residential users, the router enables even
faster Internet connections. You can enjoy ADSL services and broadband multimedia
applications such as interactive gaming, video streaming and real-time audio much easier
and faster than ever before.
The BiPAC 7300VGP series supports PPPoA (RFC 2364 – PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol)
over ATM Adaptation Layer 5), RFC 1483 encapsulation over ATM (bridged or routed), PPP
over Ethernet (RFC 2516), and IPoA (RFC1577) to establish a connection with your ISP.
Your new router also supports VC-based and LLC-based multiplexing.
The perfect solution for connecting a small group of PCs to a high-speed broadband
Internet connection, the BiPAC 7300VGP series allows multiple users to have high-speed
Internet access simultaneously.
Your new router also serves as an Internet firewall, protecting your network from access by
outside users. Not only does it provide a natural firewall function with Network Address
Translation (NAT), it also provides rich firewall features to secure your network. All incoming
data packets are monitored and filtered. You can also configure your new router to block
internal users from accessing the Internet.
The BiPAC 7300VGP series provides two levels of security support. First, it masks LAN IP
2
addresses making them invisible to outside users on the Internet, so it is much more difficult
for a hacker to target a machine on your network. Second, it can block and redirect certain
ports to limit the services that outside users can access. To ensure that games and other
Internet applications run properly, you can open specific ports for outside users to access
internal services on your network.
The Integrated DHCP (Dynamic Host Control Protocol) client and server services allow
multiple users to get IP addresses automatically when the router boots up. Simply set
local machines as a DHCP client to accept a dynamically assigned IP address from the
DHCP server and reboot. Each time a local machine is powered up; the router recognizes
it and assigns an IP address to instantly connect it to the LAN.
For advanced users, Virtual Service (port forwarding) functions allow the product to provide
limited visibility to local machines with specific services for outside users. You can set an
ISP (Internet Service Provider) provided IP address on the BiPAC 7300VGP series and
then you can reroute specific services to individual computers on your local network. For
instance, a dedicated web server can be connected to the Internet via the router and then
incoming requests for web pages that are received by the router can be rerouted to your
dedicated local web server, even though the server now has a different IP address.
Virtual Server can also be used to re-task services to multiple servers. For instance, you
can set the router to allow separated FTP, Web, and Multiplayer game servers to share the
same Internet-visible IP address while still protecting the servers and LAN users from
hackers.
BiPAC 7300VGP serves as a Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)
handset-to-Ethernet adaptor that enables traditional telephone devices to operate as
Internet Protocol (IP) devices. It is the interface between the PSTN world and the IP world
acting as a residential gateway, eventually providing Internet Telephony capability. Cost
savings and ease of developing and integrating new services motivate most of the interest
in Internet telephony. Internet telephony integrates a variety of services provided by the
current Internet and the PSTN infrastructure.
BiPAC 7300VGP extracts the maximum benefit from Voice over IP (VoIP) technology. It
interfaces analog telephones with IP-based telephony networks. The integration of VoIP
technology and ADSL Modem/Router is undoubtedly the most economic and practical
solution to modern society.
3
1.2 Features
Express Internet Access – ADSL2/2+ capable
The BiPAC 7300VGP series complies with ADSL worldwide standards. Supporting
downstream rates of 8Mbps with ADSL, the router is capable of up to 12/24 Mbps with
ADSL2/2+, and upstream rates of up to 1 Mbps. Users enjoy not only high-speed ADSL
services but also broadband multimedia applications such as interactive gaming, video
streaming and real-time audio which are easier and faster than ever. The router is
compliant with Multi-Mode standard (ANSI T1.413, Issue 2; G.dmt (ITU G.992.1); G.hs (ITU
G994.1); G.dmt.bis (ITU G.992.3); and G.dmt.bisplus (ITU G.992.5)
Voice over IP compliance with SIP standard
The router supports cost-effective, toll-quality voice calls over the Internet. It complies with
the most popular industrial standard, SIP protocol, to ensure the interoperability with SIP
devices and major VoIP Gateways. The VoIP ADSL router supports call waiting, silence
suppression, voice activity detection (VAD), comfort noise generation (CNG), line echo
cancellation, caller ID (Bell 202, V3) and so on.
802.11g Wireless AP with WPA Support (7300VGP only)
With integrated 802.11g Wireless Access Point in the router, the device offers a quick and
easy access among wired network, wireless network and broadband connection (ADSL)
with single device simplicity, and as a result, mobility to the users. In addition to 54 Mbps
802.11g data rate, it also interoperates backward with existing 802.11b equipment. The
Wireless Protected Access (WPA) and Wireless Encryption Protocol (WEP) supported
features enhance the security level of data protection and access control via Wireless LAN.
Fast Ethernet Switch
A 4-port 10/100Mbps fast Ethernet switch is built-in with automatic switching between MDI
and MDI-X for 10Base-T and 100Base-TX ports, with auto dection allowing you to use
either straight or cross-over Ethernet cables.
Multi-Protocol to Establish a Connection
The router supports PPPoA (RFC 2364 - PPP over ATM Adaptation Layer 5), RFC 1483
encapsulation over ATM (bridged or routed), PPP over Ethernet (RFC 2516) and IPoA
4
(RFC1577) to establish a connection with an ISP. The router also supports VC-based and
LLC-based multiplexing.
Quick Installation Wizard
A web-based GUI and quick installation wizard help you easily install the BiPAC 7300VGP
series. Enter your ISP’s information and begin browsing the Internet immediately.
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) and UPnP NAT Traversal
This protocol is used to enable simple and robust connectivity among stand-alone devices
and PCs from many different vendors, and it makes setting up a network simple and
affordable. UPnP architecture leverages TCP/IP and the Web to enable proximity
networking in addition to control and data transfer among networked devices. With this
feature enabled, you can seamlessly connect to Net Meeting or MSN Messenger.
Network Address Translation
Network Address Translation (NAT) allows multiple users to access outside resources such
as the Internet simultaneously with one IP address/one Internet access account. Many
application layer gateways (ALG) are supported such as web browser, ICQ, FTP, Telnet,
E-mail, News, Net2phone, Ping, NetMeeting, IP phone and others.
Firewall
NAT technology supports simple firewalls and provides options for blocking access from
the Internet, like Telnet, FTP, TFTP, WEB, SNMP and IGMP.
Domain Name System Relay
Domain Name System (DNS) relay provides an easy way to map a domain name with a
user-friendly name such as www.billion.com with an IP address. When a local machine sets
its DNS server to the router’s IP address, every DNS conversion request packet from the
PC to this router is forwarded to the real DNS on the outside network.
Dynamic Domain Name System (DDNS)
The Dynamic DNS service allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname.
This dynamic IP address is the WAN IP address. To use the service, you must first apply for
an account from a DDNS service such as http://www.dyndns.org/.
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)
5
The BiPAC 7300VGP series provides an embedded PPPoE client function to establish a
connection. You get greater access speed without changing the operation concept, while
sharing the same ISP account and paying for one access account. No PPPoE client
software is required for the local computer. Automatic Reconnect and Disconnect Timeout
(Idle Timer) functions are also provided.
Quality of Service (QoS)
QoS gives you full control over which types of outgoing data traffic should be given priority
by the router, ensuring important data like gaming packets, customer information, or
management information move through the router ay lightning speed, even under heavy
load. The QoS features are configurable by source IP address, destination IP address,
protocol, and port. You can throttle the speed at which different types of outgoing data pass
through the router, to ensure P2P users don’t saturate upload bandwidth, or office browsing
doesn’t bring client web serving to a halt. In addition, or alternatively, you can simply
change the priority of different types of upload data and let the router sort out the actual
speeds.
Virtual Server:
You can specify which services are visible to outside users. The router detects an incoming
service request and forwards it to the specific local computer for handling. For example,
you can assign a PC in a LAN to act as a Web server inside and expose it to the outside
network. Outside users can browse inside the web server directly while it is protected by
NAT. A DMZ host setting is also provided for local computers exposed to the outside
Internet network.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Client and Server
On a WAN site, the DHCP client obtains an IP address from the Internet Service Provider
(ISP) automatically. On a LAN site, the DHCP server allocates a range of client IP
addresses, including subnet masks and DNS IP addresses and distributes them to local
computers. This provides an easy way to manage the local IP network.
Rich Packet Filtering
This feature filters the packet based on IP addresses as well as Port numbers. Filtering
packets to and from the Internet provides a higher level of security control.
Web-based GUI
6
A web-based GUI offers easy configuration and management. User-friendly and with
on-line help, it also supports remote management capability for remote users to configure
and manage this product.
Firmware Upgradeable
You can upgrade the router with the latest firmware through its web-based GUI.
7
1.3 Applications of the BiPAC 7300VGP series
8
Chapter 2
Product Overview
Standards-Based Technology
The BiPAC 7300VGP Wireless Router utilizes the 802.11g standard.
The IEEE 802.11g standard is an extension of the 802.11b standard. It increases the data
rate up to 54Mbps* within the 2.4GHz band, utilizing OFDM technology.
This means that in most environments, within the specified range of this device, you will be
able to transfer large files quickly or even watch a movie in MPEG format over your network
without noticeable delays. This technology works by transmitting high-speed digital data
over a radio wave utilizing OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) technology.
OFDM works by splitting the radio signal into multiple smaller sub-signals that are then
transmitted simultaneously at different frequencies to the receiver. OFDM reduces the
amount of crosstalk (interference) in signal transmissions.
The BIPAC 7300G is backwards compatible with 802.11b devices. This means that if you
have an existing 802.11b network, the devices in that network will be compatible with
802.11g devices at speeds of up to 11Mbps in the 2.4GHz range.
Installation Considerations
The BiPAC 7300VGP Wireless Router lets you access your network, using a wireless
connection, from virtually anywhere within its operating range. Keep in mind, however, that
the number, thickness and location of walls, ceilings, or other objects that the wireless
signals must pass
Keep the number of walls and ceilings between the BiPAC 7300VGP and other network
devices to a minimum - each wall or ceiling can reduce your BiPAC 7300VGP wireless
product’s range from 3-90 feet (1-30 meters.)
Position your devices so that the number of walls or ceilings is minimized.Keep the number
of walls and ceilings between the BiPAC 7300VGP and other network devices to a
minimum - each wall or ceiling can reduce your BiPAC 7300VGP wireless product’s range
from 3-90 feet (1-30 meters.)
Position your devices so that the number of walls or ceilings is minimized.Be aware of the
direct line between network devices. Position devices so that the signal will travel straight
through a wall or ceiling (instead of at an angle) for better reception. Building Materials can
impede the wireless signal - a solid metal door or aluminum studs may have a negative
9
effect on range.
Try to position wireless devices and computers with wireless adapters so that the signal
passes through drywall or open doorways and not other materials.4 Keep your product
away (at least 3-6 feet or 1-2 meters) from electrical devices or appliances that generate
extreme RF noise.
2.1 Important Notes
Do not use the BiPAC 7300VGP series in high humidity or high
temperatures.
Do not use the same power source for the BiPAC 7300VGP
series as other equipment.
Warning
Do not open or repair the case yourself. If the BiPAC 7300
VGP series is too hot, turn off the power immediately and have
it repaired at a qualified service center.
Avoid using this product and all accessories outdoors.
Place the BiPAC 7300VGP series on a stable surface.
Attention
Only use the power adapter that comes with the package. Using
a different voltage rating power adaptor may damage the router.
2.2 Package Contents
BiPAC 7300VGP Series VoIP ADSL2+ Router
CD-ROM containing the online manual
RJ-11 ADSL/telephone Cable (1.8M)
Ethernet (CAT-5 LAN) Cable (2M Straight)
AC-DC power adapter (12V DC, 1.2A)
Quick Start Guide (130*185mm)
10
2.3 The Front LEDs
LED
Description
1
PWR:
Lights when the power is ON.
2
SYS:
Lights when the system is ready.
3-6
LAN Port
1-4:
Steady glow when connected to an Ethernet device.
Glows green for 100Mbps; Orange for 10Mbps.
Blinking light when data is Transmitted / Received.
7
WLAN:
(7300VGP
only)
Lit green when the wireless connection is established.
Flashes when sending/receiving data.
8-9
Phone:
Lit green when the phone is off-hook.
10
LINE:
11
VoIP:
Lit when SIP registration is OK.
12
PPP:
Steady glow when there is a PPPoA / PPPoE connection.
13
ADSL:
Lit when the inbound and outbound calls transmitted
through PSTN.
Lights when successfully connected to an ADSL DSLAM
(linesync).
11
2.4 The Rear Ports
8
7
6
Port
5
4
3
1
Description
1
Power
Switch
Power ON/OFF switch.
2
PWR
Connect the supplied power adapter to this jack.
3
2
RESET
After the router is powered on, press this recessed button using
the end of paper clip or other small pointed object to reset the
router or to restore it to factory default settings.
1. Recovery procedures for non-working routers (e.g. after a
failed firmware upgrade flash):
2. Recovery procedures for a lost web interface password:
4
LAN
Connect a UTP Ethernet cable (Cat-5 or Cat-5e) to one of the
four LAN ports when connecting to a PC or an office/home
network of 10Mbps or 100Mbps.
5
Phone
Connect RJ-11 cable to this port when connecting to an analog phone
set.
6
LINE
7
ADSL
8
Antenna
(7300VGP
only)
Connect RJ-11 cable to this port when connecting to the telephone
wall jack
Connect the supplied RJ-11 (“telephone”) cable to this port when
connecting to the ADSL/telephone network.
Connect the detachable antenna to this port.
12
The detail instruction in Emergency/Failure Recovery Button
1. Recovery procedures for non-working routers (e.g. after a failed firmware upgrade flash):
Hold the Emergency/Failure Recovery Button on the back of the modem in. Keep this
button held in and turn on the modem. Once the lights on the modem have stopped flashing,
release the Emergency/Failure Recovery Button. The modem's emergency-reflash web
interface will then be accessible via http://192.168.1.254/ where you can upload a firmware
image to restore the modem to a functional state. Please note that the modem will only
respond via its web interface at this address, and will not respond to ping requests from
your PC or to telnet connections.
2. Recovery procedures for a lost web interface password:
After turning the router on press the Emergency/Failure Recovery Button on the back of the
modem, and hold the button in until all lights on the modem flash and it reboots with factory
default settings. The login will be reset to admin and the password will be reset to admin,
and the modem will be accessible via its default IP address at http://192.168.1.254/
Before powered on the router to enter the recovery process. please
configure the IP address of the PC as 192.168.1.1 and process step by
step.
1. Power the router off.
2. Hold the " Emergency/Failure Recovery Button”.
3. Power on the router. Then Router's IP will reset to Default (Say
192.168.1.254)
4. Download the firmware.
13
2.5 Cabling
One of the most common causes of problems is bad cabling or ADSL line(s). Make sure
that all connected devices are turned on. On the front of the product is a bank of LEDs.
Verify that the LAN Link and ADSL line LEDs are lit. If they are not, verify that you are using
the proper cables.
Ensure that all other devices connected to the same telephone line as your Billion router
(e.g. telephones, fax machines, analog modems) have a line filter connected between them
and the wall socket (unless you are using a Central Splitter or Central Filter installed by a
qualified and licensed electrician), and ensure that all line filters are correctly installed and
the right way around. Missing line filters or line filters installed the wrong way around can
cause problems with your ADSL connection, including frequent disconnections.
14
Chapter 3
Installation
You can configure the BiPAC 7300VGP series router through the convenient and
user-friendly interface of a web browser. Most popular operating systems such as Linux
and Windows 98/NT/2000/XP/Me include a web browser as a standard application.
3.1 Before Configuration
PCs must have a properly installed Ethernet interface and connect to the router directly or
through an external repeater hub. In addition, PCs must have TCP/IP installed and
configured to obtain an IP address through a DHCP server or a fixed IP address that must
be in the same subnet as the router. The default IP address of the router is 192.168.1.254
and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0 (i.e. any attached PC must be in the same subnet,
and have an IP address in the range of 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.253). The easiest way is
to configure the PC to obtain an IP address automatically from the router using DHCP. If
you encounter any problems accessing the router’s web interface you are advised to
uninstall any kind of software firewall on your PCs, as they can cause problems accessing
the 192.168.1.254 IP address of the router.
Please follow the steps below for installation on your PC’s network environment. First of all,
check your PC’s network components. The TCP/IP protocol stack and Ethernet network
adapter must be installed. If not, please refer to your Windows-related or other operating
system manuals.
Any TCP/IP capable workstation can be used to communicate with or
through the BiPAC 7300VGP series. To configure other types of
workstations, please consult the manufacturer’s documentation.
15
Configuring a PC in Windows XP
1. Go to Start / Control Panel (in Classic
View). In the Control Panel, double-click
on Network Connections
2. Double-click Local Area Connection.
3. In the Local Area Connection Status
window, click Properties.
4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and
click Properties.
16
5. Select the Obtain an IP address
automatically and the Obtain DNS
server address automatically radio
buttons.
6. Click OK to finish the configuration.
Configuring a PC in Windows 2000
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel.
In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network and Dial-up Connections.
2. Double-click Local Area Connection.
3. In the Local Area Connection Status
window click Properties.
17
4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and
click Properties.
5. Select the Obtain an IP address
automatically and the Obtain DNS
server address automatically radio
buttons.
6. Click OK to finish the configuration.
Configuring PC in Windows 98/Me
1.Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel.
In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network and choose the
Configuration tab.
2.Select TCP/IP ->NE2000 Compatible,
or the name of your Network Interface
Card (NIC) in your PC.
18
3.Select the Obtain an IP address
automatically radio button.
4.Then select the DNS Configuration
tab.
5.Select the Disable DNS radio button
and click OK to finish the configuration.
Configuring PC in Windows NT4.0
1.Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel.
In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network and choose the Protocols tab.
2.Select TCP/IP Protocol and click
Properties.
19
3.Select the Obtain an IP address from a
DHCP server radio button and click OK.
20
3.2 Factory Default Settings
Before configuring the BiPAC 7300VGP series router, you need to know the following
default settings.
Web Interface:
Username: admin
Password: admin
LAN Device IP Settings:
IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
ISP setting in WAN site:
PPPoE
DHCP Server:
DHCP server is enabled.
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.100
IP pool counts: 100
3.3 LAN and WAN Port Addresses
The parameters of LAN and WAN ports are preset at the factory.
shown below.
LAN Port
IP address
192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
DHCP server function
Enabled
IP addresses for
distribution to PCs
100 IP addresses continuing from
192.168.1.100 through
192.168.1.199
The default values are
WAN Port
The PPPoE function is
enabled to
automatically get the
WAN port
configuration from the
ISP, but you have to
set the username and
password first.
21
3.4 Information from your ISP
Before configuring this device, you have to check with your ISP (Internet Service Provider)
what kind of service is provided such as PPPoE, PPPoA, RFC1483, or IPoA.
Gather the information as illustrated in the following table and keep it for reference.
PPPoE
VPI/VCI, VC-based/LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password,
Service Name, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be
automatically assigned by your ISP when you connect or be set
manually).
PPPoA
VPI/VCI, VC-based/LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password, and
Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically
assigned by your ISP when you connect or be set manually).
RFC1483 Bridged
VPI/VCI, VC-based/LLC-based multiplexing to use Bridged Mode.
RFC1483 Routed
VPI/VCI, VC-based/LLC-based multiplexing, IP address, Subnet mask,
Gateway address, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is
fixed IP address).
IPoA
VPI/VCI, VC-based/LLC-based multiplexing, IP address, Subnet mask,
Gateway address, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is
fixed IP address).
22
3.5 Configuring with your (802.11g) ADSL2+ Router
1. To configure this device, you must have IE 5.0 / Netscape 4.5
or above installed
2. You may configure the router for Internet access in two ways:
Easy Sign-On (EZSO)
Web Configuration
Easy Sign-On:
User just installs all of cables and uses the browser to surf Internet. At this time, the EZSO
WEB GUI will be popped up and request you to input some basic information you get from
ISP. After this, you can surf Internet right away.
PPPoE /PPPoA
With EZSO built-in, you can simply plug cables in as first installation and turn on host
computer to surf Internet through WEB browser like IE. You do not need to login into the
router and search the router’s WEB GUI configuration page to find out the right web page
for configuring your PPPoE/PPPoA credentials. EZSO feature in Billion’s routers will do it
for you.
When you are trying to surf the internet through WEB browser, the PPPoE dialogue will be
visible and nothing but that. After you have successfully submitting the credentials,
everything will be fine and work neatly.
23
1. Please wait when the connection is trying.
2.Enter the username and password provide
by your ISP.
3. If login failed, Please input the correct
username and password again.
4. Login Successfully.
24
DHCPWith this method, user does not need to access router to configure it and set lot of
parameters. Besides, it eliminates the complicated way to configure the device and will
definitely reduce the service call from users.
1. Please wait when the connection is trying.
2. Login Successfully.
Web Configuration:
Open your web browser, enter the IP address of your router, which by default is
192.168.1.254, and click “Go”, a user name and password window prompt appears. The
default username and password are “admin” and “admin”.
Congratulations! You have successfully logged on to your BiPAC 7300 series
ADSL2+ Router!
25
Chapter 4
Configuration
Once you have logged on to your BiPAC 7300VGP series VoIP ADSL Router via your web
browser, you can begin to set it up according to your requirements. On the configuration
homepage, the left navigation pane links you directly to the setup pages, which include:
Status (ARP Table, Wireless Association, Routing Table, DHCP Table, System Log,
Security Log, VoIP Log)
Quick Start
Configuration (LAN, WAN, System, Firewall, QoS, Virtual Server, Advanced and VoIP)
Save Config to FLASH
The following sections provide an overview of the settings available for configuring your
router by Billion.
26
4.1 Status
27
Device Information
Host Name: Provide a name for the router for identification purposes. Host Name lets
you change the router name.
System Up-Time: Records system up-time.
28
Current time: Set the current time. See the Time Zone section for more information.
Hardware Version: Chipset version
Software Version: Firmware version
Bootrom Version: Bootrom version
MAC Address: The LAN MAC address
Home URL: Connects to the Home Website.
LAN
IP Address: LAN port IP address.
Sub Net Mask: LAN port IP subnet mask.
DHCP Server: LAN port DHCP role - Server, Relay or None.
WAN
IP WAN: Name of the WAN connection.
VPI/VCI: Virtual Path Identifier and Virtual Channel Identifier
Connection: Selects “Disconnected” or “Connected”
IP Address: WAN port IP address.
Net mask: WAN port IP subnet mask.
Gateway: The IP address of the default gateway.
Port Status:User can look up for your connected condition
29
4.1.1 ARP Table
The router’s ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) Table shows the mapping of Internet (IP)
addresses to Ethernet (MAC) addresses. This is a quick way to determine the MAC
address of the network interface of your PCs to use with the router’s Firewall – MAC
Address Filter function. See the Firewall section of this manual for more information.
IP Address: A list of IP addresses of devices on your LAN (Local Area Network).
MAC Address: MAC (Media Access Control) address for each device on your LAN.
Interface: The interface name (on the router) that this IP Address connects to.
Static: Static status of the ARP table entry:
“no” for dynamically-generated ARP table entries
“yes” for static ARP table entries added by the user
30
4.1.2 Wireless Association
IP Address:
It is IP Address of wireless client that join this network.
MAC: The MAC address of wireless client.
31
4.1.3 Routing Table
Routing Table:
#:
Item number
Destination: IP address of the destination network.
Netmask: The destination netmask address.
Gateway/Interface: IP address of the gateway or existing interface that this route uses.
Cost: The cost of transmission for routing purposes. The number need not be precise,
but it must be between 0 and 65535.
Interface: Select the interface through which packets are forwarded.
32
4.1.4 DHCP Table
Leased: DHCP assigned IP addresses information.
IP Address: IP addresses of devices on your LAN (Local Area Network).
MAC Address: The MAC Address that you want to assign the fixed IP address
Client Host Name: Expired IP addresses information
Register Time: Register time information
33
4.1.5 System Log
Display system logs accumulated up to the present time. You can trace historical
information with this function.
34
4.1.6 Security Log
This screen displays security log information. If a hacker attacks your server, he is isolated
by the firewall function and the router records related information. This helps you know
where the hacker comes from.
35
4.1.7 VoIP Log
This screen displays VoIP log information. Any VoIP encountered by the router are logged
to this window.
36
4.2 Quick Start
For detailed instructions on configuring WAN settings, see the WAN section of this manual.
The information you need for the Quick Start wizard to get you online are your login (often in
the form of username@ispname), your password, and the encapsulation type.
Your ISP can supply all the details you need. Alternatively, if you have deleted the current
WAN Connection in the WAN – ISP section of the interface, you can use the router’s PVC
Scan feature to determine the Encapsulation types offered by your ISP.
37
Connection
Encapsulation: Select the encapsulation type your ISP uses or choose “Auto Scan”.
Click Start to begin scanning for encapsulation types offered by your ISP. If the scan is
successful, you are presented with a list of supported options.
VCI: Enter the VCI assigned to you. This field may already be configured.
VPI: Enter the VPI assigned to you. This field may already be configured.
NAT: Select “Enabled” or “Disabled”.
38
Optional Setting
IP Address: Type your ISP assigned IP address in the IP Address text box.
Subnet Mask: Enter a subnet mask in dotted decimal notation.
Default Gateway: You must specify a gateway IP address (supplied by your ISP)
DNS
Obtain DNS automatically: Select this check box to use DNS.
Primary DNS: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers are
passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP address and the subnet mask.
Secondary DNS: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers are
passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP address and the subnet mask.
PPP
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128
alphanumeric characters (case sensitive). This is usually in the format of
“username@ispname” instead of simply “username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128
alphanumeric characters (case sensitive).
39
4.3 Configuration
Click this item to access the following sub-items that configure the ADSL router: LAN, WAN,
System, Firewall, QoS, Virtual Server, Advanced and VoIP.
These functions are described in the following sections.
40
4.3.1 LAN (Local Area Network)
A Local Area Network (LAN) is a shared communication system to which many computers
are attached and is limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or floor of a
building.
There are four items within the LAN section: Ethernet, Wireless, Wireless Security and
DHCP Server.
4.3.1.1 Ethernet
The router supports two Ethernet IP addresses in the LAN, and two different LAN subnets
through which you can access the Internet at the same time. Users usually only have one
subnet in their LAN, so there is no need to configure a Secondary IP address. The default
IP address for the router is 192.168.1.254.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, RIP v1+v2 and RIP v2 Multicast.
The Subnet mask of the Secondary IP Address
ress depends on the setting
of the Primary IP Address.
41
4.3.1.2 Wireless (7300VGP only)
Mode: 802.11b + g (Mixed mode), 802.11b and 802.11g. The factory default is 802.11b
+ g.
ESSID: Enter the unique ID given to the Access Point (AP), which is already built-in to
the router’s wireless interface. To connect to this device, your wireless clients must have
the same ESSID as the device.
Regulation Domain: There are five Regulation Domains for you to choose from,
including North America (N.America), Europe, France, etc. The Channel ID will be
different based on this setting.
Channel ID: Select the ID channel that you would like to use.
MAC Address: The AP’s MAC Address
AP Version: The Access Point firmware version.
Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
It is a wireless access point mode that enables wireless link and communication with other
access point. It is easy to be installed simply define peer’s MAC address of the connected
42
AP. WDS takes advantages of cost saving and flexibility which no extra wireless client
device is required to bridge between two access points and extending an existing wired or
wireless infrastructure network to create a larger network.
In addition, WDS enhances its link connection security in WEP mode, WEP key encryption
must be the same for both access points.
WDS Service: The default setting is Disable.
this function.
Check Enable radio button to activate
Peer WDS MAC Address: It is the associated AP’s MAC Address. It is important that
your peer’s AP must include your MAC address in order to acknowledge and communicate
with each other. (Note: For MAC Address, Semicolon ( : ) must be included)
4.3.1.3 Wireless Security (7300VGP only)
You can disable or enable with WPA or WEP for protecting wireless network.
The default mode of wireless security is disabled.
WPA Pre-Shared Key
WPA Algorithms: TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) utilizes a stronger encryption
method and incorporates Message Integrity Code (MIC) to provide protection against
hackers.
WPA Shared Key: The key for network authentication. The input format is in character
style and key size should be in the range between 8 and 63 characters.
43
Group Key Renewal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key
automatically between wireless client and Access Point (AP).
Hide ESSID: User can select Enable or Disable to hide ESSID.
WPA2 Pre-Shared Key
WPA2 Algorithms: TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) utilizes a stronger
encryption method and incorporates Message Integrity Code (MIC) to provide protection
against hackers.
WPA2 Shared Key: The key for network authentication. The input format is in character
style and key size should be in the range between 8 and 63 characters.
Group Key Renewal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key
automatically between wireless client and Access Point (AP).
WEP
44
WEP Encryption: To prevent unauthorized wireless stations from accessing data
transmitted over the network, the router offers highly secure data encryption, known as
WEP. If you require high security for transmissions, there are two alternatives to select from:
WEP 64 and WEP 128. WEP 128 will offer increased security over WEP 64.
Passphrase: This is used to generate WEP keys automatically based upon the input
string and a pre-defined algorithm in WEP64 or WEP128. You can input the same string in
both the AP and Client card settings to generate the same WEP keys. Please note that you
do not have to enter Key (1-4) as below when the Passphrase is enabled..
Key (1-4): Enter the key to encrypt wireless data. To allow encrypted data transmission,
the WEP Encryption Key values on all wireless stations must be the same as the router.
There are four keys for your selection. The input format is in HEX style, 5 and 13 HEX
codes are required for WEP64 and WEP128 respectively, the separator is “-“. For example,
using WEP64, 11-22-33-44-55 is a valid key, whilst 1122334455 is invalid.
Hide ESSID: User can select Enable or Disable to hide ESSID.
4.3.1.4 DHCP Server
You can disable or enable the DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server or
enable the router’s DHCP relay functions. The DHCP protocol allows your router to
dynamically assign IP addresses to PCs on your network if they are configured to obtain IP
addresses automatically.
45
To disable the router’s DHCP Server, check Disabled and click Next then click Apply.
When the DHCP Server is disabled you need to manually assign a fixed IP address to each
PC on your network, and set the default gateway for each PC to the IP address of the router
(the default is 192.168.1.254).
To configure the router’s DHCP Server, check DHCP Server and click Next. You can then
configure parameters of the DHCP Server including the IP pool (starting IP address and
ending IP address to be allocated to PCs on your network), lease time for each assigned IP
address (the period of time the IP address assigned will be valid), DNS IP address and the
gateway IP address. These details are sent to the DHCP client (i.e. your PC) when it
requests an IP address from the DHCP server. Click Apply to enable this function. If you
check “Use Router as a DNS Server”, the ADSL Router performs the domain name lookup,
finds the IP address from the outside network automatically and forwards it back to the
requesting PC in the LAN (your Local Area Network).
46
If you check DHCP Relay Agent and click Next then you must enter the IP address of the
DHCP server which assigns an IP address back to the DHCP client in the LAN. Use this
function only if advised to do so by your network administrator or ISP. Click Apply to enable
this function.
47
4.3.2 WAN (Wide Area Network)
A WAN (Wide Area Network) is an outside connection to another network or the Internet.
There are three items within the WAN section: ISP, DNS and ADSL.
4.3.2.1 ISP
The factory default is PPPoE. If your ISP uses this access protocol, click Edit to input other
parameters as below. If your ISP does not use PPPoE, you can change the default WAN
connection entry by clicking Change.
A simpler alternative is to select Quick Start from the main menu on the left. See the Quick
Start section of the manual for more information.
RFC 1483 Routed Connections
48
Description: Your description of this connection.
VPI and VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access
the Internet through a single IP account, sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN
have public IP addresses and can access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be
disabled.
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format, the default is LLC Bridged.
Select the one provided by your ISP.
DHCP client: Enable or disable the DHCP client, specify if the router can get an IP
address from the Internet Service Provider (ISP) automatically or not.
Obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP client to enable the DHCP client
function or click Specify an IP address to disable the DHCP client function, and specify the
IP address manually. The setting of this item is specified by your ISP.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, RIP v1+v2 and RIP v2 Multicast.
PPPoA Routed Connections
PPPoA stands for Point to Point Protocol over ATM Adaptation Layer 5 (AAL5). It provides
access control and billing functionality in a manner similar to dial-up services using PPP.
49
Description: User-definable name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access
the Internet through a single IP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN
have public IP addresses and can access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be
disabled.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128
alphanumeric characters (case sensitive). This is in the format of “username@ispname”
instead of simply “username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128
alphanumeric characters (case sensitive).
IP Address: Your WAN IP address. Leave this at 0.0.0.0 to automatically obtain an IP
address from your ISP.
Authentication Protocol Type: Default is Chap (Auto). Your ISP advises you whether
to use Chap or Pap.
Connection: If you want the router to establish a PPPoA session when starting up and
to automatically re-establish the PPPoA session when disconnected by the ISP.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, RIP v1+v2 and RIP v2 Multicast.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding
50
media-specific headers) that the IP attempts to send through the interface.
Apply
PPPoE Routed Connections
PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet) provides access control in a manner similar to dial-up services
using PPP.
Description: A user-definable name for this connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access
the Internet through a single ISP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN
have public IP addresses and can access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be
disabled.
51
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128
alphanumeric characters (case sensitive). This is in the format of “username@ispname”
instead of simply “username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128
alphanumeric characters (case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP
provides you the information. Maximum input is 20 alphanumeric characters.
IP Address: Your WAN IP address. Leave this at 0.0.0.0 to automatically obtain an IP
address from your ISP.
Authentication Protocol: Default is Chap. Your ISP advises on using Chap or Pap.
Connection:
Always on: If you want the router to establish a PPPoE session when starting up
and to automatically re-establish the PPPoE session when disconnected by the ISP.
Connect to Demand: If you want to establish a PPPoE session only when there is
a packet requesting access to the Internet (i.e. when a program on your computer
attempts to access the Internet).
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity
on the line for a predetermined period of time.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, RIP v1+v2 and RIP v2 Multicast.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding
media-specific headers) an IP attempts to send through the interface.
Apply
RFC 1483 Bridged Connections
52
Description: A user-definable name for this connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format, this is provided by your ISP.
4.3.2.2 DNS
A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP
addresses. On the Internet, every host has a unique and user-friendly name (domain name)
such as www.billion.com and an IP address. An IP address is a 32-bit number in the form of
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx, for example 192.168.1.254. You can think of an IP address as a telephone
number for devices on the Internet, and the DNS allows you to find the telephone number
for any particular domain name. Since an IP Address is hard to remember, the DNS
converts the friendly name into its equivalent IP Address.
You can obtain a Domain Name System (DNS) IP address automatically if your ISP has
provided it when you logon. Usually when you choose PPPoE or PPPoA as your WAN - ISP
protocol, the ISP provides the DNS IP address automatically. You may leave the
configuration field blank. Alternatively, your ISP may provide you with an IP address of their
DNS. If this is the case, you must enter the DNS IP address.
If you choose one of the other protocols, RFC1483 Routed or Bridged, check with your ISP,
53
as it may provide you with an IP address for their DNS server. You must enter the DNS IP
address if you set the DNS Server address on your PC to the LAN IP address of this router.
4.3.2.3 ADSL
ADSL Mode: There are four modes “Open Annex Type and Follow DSLAM’s
Setting”, ”Annex A”, ”Annex L”, ”Annex M” and “Annex J” that user can select for this
connection.
Modulator: There are four modes “AUTO”,”ADSL multimode”,”ADSL2”and”ADSL2+”
that user can select for this connection.
DSP Firmware Version: DSP code version
DMT Status: DMT Status
Operational Mode: To show the state when user select “AUTO” on connect mode.
Upstream: Upstream rate
Downstream: Downstream rate
54
4.3.3 System
There are six items within the System section: Time Zone, Remote Access, Firmware
Upgrade, Backup/Restore, Restart and User Management.
4.3.3.1 Time Zone
The router does not have a real time clock on board; instead, it uses the Simple Network
Time Protocol (SNTP) to get the current time from an SNTP server outside your network.
Choose your local time zone, click Enable and click the Apply button. After a successful
connection to the Internet, the router retrieves the correct local time from the SNTP server
you have specified. If you prefer to specify an SNTP server other than those in the
drop-down list, simply enter its IP address as shown above. Your ISP may provide an SNTP
server for you to use.
Resync Period (in minutes) is the periodic interval the router waits before it resynchronizes
the router’s time with that of the specified SNTP server. To avoid unnecessarily increasing
the load on your specified SNTP server you should keep the poll interval as high as
possible – at the absolute minimum every few hours or even days.
55
4.3.3.2 Remote Access
To temporarily permit remote administration of the router (i.e. from outside your LAN),
select a time period the router permits remote access for and click Enable. You may
change other configuration options for the web administration interface using Device
Management options in the Advanced section of the GUI.
4.3.3.3 Firmware Upgrade
Your router’s “firmware” is the software that allows it to operate and provides all its
functionality. Think of your router as a dedicated computer, and the firmware as the
software it runs. Over time this software may be improved and modified. Your router allows
you to upgrade the software it runs to take advantage of these changes.
Clicking on Browse allows you to select the new firmware image file you have downloaded
to your PC. Once the correct file is selected, click Upgrade to update the firmware in your
router.
Restart Router with: To choose “Factory Default Setting” or “Current Settings” that user
want.
New Firmware Image: Type in the location of the file you wish to upload in this field or
click Browse ... to find it.
Browse...: Click Browse... to find the .afw file you wish to upload. Remember that you
must decompress compressed (.zip) files before you can upload them.
Upgrade: Click upgrade to begin the upload process. This process may take up to two
minutes.
DO NOT power down the router or interrupt the firmware upgrade while it
is still in process. Improper operation may damage the router. Please see56
section 2.4 for emergency recovery procedures.
4.3.3.4 Backup / Restore
These functions allow you to save and backup your router’s current settings to a file on your
PC, or to restore a previously saved backup. This is useful if you wish to experiment with
different settings, knowing that you have a backup handy in the case of any mistakes. It is
advisable to backup your router’s settings before making any significant changes to your
router’s configuration.
Press Backup to select where on your local PC to save the settings file. You may also
change the name of the file when saving if you wish to keep multiple backups.
Press Browse to select a file from your PC to restore. You should only restore settings files
that have been generated by the Backup function, and that were created when using the
current version of the router’s firmware. Settings files saved to your PC should not be
manually edited in any way.
Select the settings files you wish to use, and press Restore to load those settings into the
router.
4.3.3.5 Restart Router
Click Restart with option Current Settings to reboot your router and restore your last
saved configuration.
57
If you wish to restart the router using the factory default settings (for example, after a
firmware upgrade or if you have saved an incorrect configuration), select Factory Default
Settings to reset to factory default settings.
You may also reset your router to factory settings by pressing in the small Reset pinhole
button on the back of your router for 10-12 seconds while the router is turned on.
4.3.3.6 User Management
To prevent unauthorized access to your router’s configuration interface, all users are
required to login with a password. You can set up multiple user accounts, each with their
own password.
You are able to Edit existing users and Create new users who are able to access the
device’s configuration interface. Once you have clicked on Edit, you are shown the
following options:
58
You can change the user’s password, whether their account is active and Valid, as well as
add a comment to each user account. These options are the same when creating a user
account, with the exception that once created you cannot change the username. You
cannot delete the default admin account; however you can delete any other created
accounts by clicking Cancel when editing the user.
You are strongly advised to change the password on the default “admin” account when you
receive your router, and any time you reset your configuration to Factory Defaults.
59
4.3.4 Firewall
Firewall and Access Control
Your router includes a full SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection) firewall for controlling Internet
access from your LAN, as well as helping to prevent attacks from hackers. In addition to
this, when using NAT (Network Address Translation) the router acts as a “natural” Internet
firewall, since all PCs on your LAN use private IP addresses that cannot be directly
accessed from the Internet. See the WAN configuration section for more details on NAT.
Firewall: Prevents access from outside your network. The router provides three levels of
security support:
NAT natural firewall: This masks LAN users’ IP addresses, which are invisible to outside
users on the Internet, making it much more difficult for a hacker to target a machine on your
network. This natural firewall is on when the NAT function is enabled.
Firewall Security and Policy (General Settings): Inbound direction of Packet Filter rules
prevent unauthorized computers or applications accessing your local network from the
Internet.
Intrusion Detection: Enable Intrusion Detection to detect, prevent, and log malicious
attacks.
MAC Filter rules: Prevents unauthorized computers accessing the Internet.
60
URL Filter: Blocks PCs on your local network from unwanted websites.
A detailed explanation of each of the following five items appears in the Firewall section
below: Packet Filter, MAC Address Filter, Intrusion detection, Block WAN Request
and URL Filter.
When using Virtual Servers (port forwarding) your PCs are exposed to the
degree specified in your Virtual Server settings provided the ports specified
are opened in your firewall packet filter settings.
4.3.4.1 Packet Filter
Packet filtering enables you to configure your router to block specified internal/external
users (IP address) from Internet access, or you can disable specific service requests (Port
number) to /from Internet. This configuration program allows you to set up to 6 different
filter rules for different users based on their IP addresses or their network Port number. The
relationship among all filters is “or” operation, which means that the router checks these
different filter rules one by one, starting from the first rule. As long as one of the rules is
satisfied, the specified action is taken.
Add: Click this button to add a new packet filter rule and the next figure appears.
Edit: Check the Rule No. you wish to edit, and then click “Edit”.
Delete: Check the Rule No. you wish to delete, and then click “Delete”.
61
Application: User can choose they want.
Outgoing
incoming packets.
Incoming: Determine whether the rule is for outgoing packets or for
Active: Choose “Yes” to enable the rule, or choose “No” to disable the rule.
Packet Type: Specify the packet type (TCP, UDP, ICMP or any) that the rule applies to.
Select TCP if you wish to search for the connection-based application service on the
remote server using the port number. Or select UDP if you want to search for the
connectionless application service on the remote server using the port number.
Log: Choose “Yes” if you wish to generate logs when the filer rule is applied to a packet.
Action When Matched: If a packet matches this filter rule, Forward or Drop this
packet.
Source IP Address: Enter the incoming or outgoing packet’s source IP address(es).
Source Port: Check the TCP or UDP packet’s source port number(s).
Destination IP Address: Enter the incoming or outgoing packet’s destination IP
address(es).
62
Destination Port: Check the TCP or UDP packet’s destination port number(s).
Schedule time: User can setup the time to use the packet filter.
Attention
If the DHCP server option is enabled, you must be very careful in
assigning IP addresses of a filtered private IP range to avoid conflicts
because you do not know which PC in the LAN is assigned which IP
address. The easiest and safest way is that the filtered IP address is
assigned to a specific PC that is not allowed to access an outside resource
such as the Internet. You configure the filtered IP address manually for this
PC, but it stays in the same subnet with the router.
4.3.4.2 MAC Address Filter
A MAC (Media Access Control) address is the unique network hardware identifier for each
PC on your network’s interface (i.e. its Network Interface Card or Ethernet card). Using your
router’s MAC Address Filter function, you can configure the switch to only accept traffic
from specified machines, or else to block specific machines from accessing your LAN.
There are no pre-defined MAC address filter rules; you can add the filter rules to meet your
requirements.
63
Active: Select Yes from the drop down list box to enable MAC address filtering.
Action When Matched: Select “Drop” or “Forward”.
Log: Choose “Yes” if you wish to generate logs when the filer rule is applied to a packet.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC addresses you wish to manage.
Candidates: Choose other MAC address.
64
4.3.4.3 Intrusion Detection
Check “Enable” if you wish to detect intruders accessing your computer without permission.
The router automatically detects and blocks a DoS (Denial of Service) attack if a user
enables this function. This kind of attack is not to access confidential data on the network;
instead, it aims to disrupt specific equipment or the entire network. If this happens, users
are not able to access network resources.
65
Intrusion Detection: Check “Enable” if you wish to detect intruders accessing your
computer without permission.
Alert Mail: Select this check box to use Alert Mail.
Alert Mail Time: Set the time for receiving Alert mail.
Your E-Mail: Set your email address.
Recipient’s E-mail: Set the Recipient’s email address to which the E-<mail notification
is sent.
SMTP server: Set the SMTP (mail) server address.
4.3.4.4 Block WAN Request
Check “Enable” if you wish to exclude outside PING requests from reaching this router.
4.3.4.5 URL Filter
URL (Uniform Resource Locator – e.g. an address in the form of http://www.billion.com or
http://www.example.com) filter rules allow you to prevent users on your network from
accessing particular websites from their URL. There are no pre-defined URL filter rules; you
can add filter rules to meet your requirements.
66
Active: Select Yes from the drop down list box to enable or disable the URL Filter
feature.
Always Block: Select to always check URL filter rules (i.e. at all hours of the day).
Block from: Specify the time period to check URL filter rules (e.g. during work hours).
Keywords Filtering: Allows blocking by specific keywords within a particular URL
rather than having to specify a complete URL (e.g. to block any image called
“advertisement.gif”). When enabled, your specified keywords list is checked to see if any
keywords are present in URLs accessed to determine if the connection attempt should be
blocked. Note that the URL filter blocks web browser (HTTP) connection attempts using
port 80 only.
For example, the URL http://www.abc.com/abcde.html would be dropped since the keyword
“abcde” occurs in the URL.
67
Domains Filtering: Checks the domain name in URLs accessed against your list of
domains to block or allow. If it matches, the URL request is sent (Trusted) or dropped
(Forbidden). The checking procedure is:
1. Check the domain in the URL to determine if it is in the trusted list. If yes, the connection
attempt is sent to the remote web server.
2. If not, it is checked with the forbidden list. If present, the connection attempt is dropped.
3. If the packet matches neither of the above, it is sent to the remote web server.
4. Please note that only the domain is specified, not the full URL. For example to block
traffic to www.sex.com, enter “sex” or “sex.com” instead of “www.sex.com”. In the
example below, the URL request for www.abc.com is sent to the remote web server
because it is listed in the trusted list, while the URL request for www.sex or
www.sex.com is dropped because sex.com is in the forbidden list.
Restrict URL Features
Block Java Applet: Blocks Web content which includes the Java Applet to prevent
someone who wants to damage your system via the standard HTTP protocol.
Block ActiveX: Blocks ActiveX
Block Cookies: Blocks Cookies
Block Proxy: Blocks Proxy
68
4.3.5 QoS (Quality of Service)
Quality of Service Introduction
If you’ve ever found your ‘net’ speed has slowed to a crawl because another family
member is using a P2P file sharing program, you’ll understand why the Quality of
Service features in Billion’s routers is such a breakthrough for home users and
office users.
QOS: Keeping Your Net Connection Fast and Responsive
Configurable by source IP address, destination IP address, protocol, and port, the Quality
of Service (QOS) gives you full control over which types of outgoing data traffic should be
given priority by the router, ensuring bandwidth-consumption data like gaming packets,
latency-sensitive application like voice, or even mission critical files, move through the
router at lightning speed, even under heavy load. You can throttle the speed at which
different types of outgoing data pass through the router. In addition, you can simply change
the priority of different types of upload data and let the router sort out the actual speeds.
QOS Setup
Please choose the QOS in the Configuration item of the left window as depicted below.
After clicking the QOS item, you can Add/Edit/Delete a QOS policy. This page will show
the brief information for policies you have added or edited. This page will also display the
total available (Non-assigned) bandwidth, in percentage, can be assigned.
69
Application: A name that identifies an existing policy.
Time Schedule: Scheduling your QOS policy to be applied.
Direction: The traffic flow direction to be controlled by the QOS policy.
There are two settings to be provided in the Router:
LAN to WAN: You want to control the traffic flow from the local network to the outside
world. E.g., you have a FTP server inside the local network and you want to have a limited
traffic rate controlled by the QOS policy. So, you need to add a policy with LAN to WAN
direction setting.
LAN to WAN: Control Traffic flow from the WAN to LAN.
issued from LAN to WAN or WAN to LAN.)
The connection maybe either
Assigned Bandwidth Ratio: This field shows the assigned bandwidth ratio in
percentage for a QOS policy. If WAN connection to internet is established, the estimated
transfer rate will be shown in kbps. You may specify a fixed transfer rate or Minimum
Guaranteed Rate with priority for non-used bandwidth.
Non-Assigned Bandwidth Ratio: This field shows the available bandwidth ratio, for LAN
to WAN and WAN to LAN, that has not yet assigned.
: Press this button to add a new QOS policy.
: Before using these buttons to edit or delete a policy, please select one policy
you want to edit/delete from the radio option
.
: After you have configured the policies, you can press this button to apply the
70
configuration.
If you want to make the change persistent in flash, choose
in the left windows to save it into flash.
When you press
in your browser.
or
buttons described above, the following page will show up
You can use it to define a QOS policy.
Controlled Traffic Flow: Specify the traffic flow you want to control. For GRE protocol,
there is no need to specify the IP addresses or Application ports in this page. For other
protocols, at least one value shall be given.
Packet type: The packet type will be controlled. For GRE protocol, there is no need to
specify the IP addresses or Application ports in this page. For other protocols, at least one
value shall be given.
ANY: No specified protocol type is specified.
TCP
UDP
ICMP
71
GRE: For PPTP VPN Connections.
Assigned Data rate: Assign the data ratio for this policy to be controlled. For
examples, we want to only allow 20% of the total data transfer rate for the LAN-to-WAN
direction to be used for FTP server.
Then we can specify here with data ratio = 20.
If
you have ADSL LINE with 256K/bps.rate, the estimated data rate, in kbps, for this rule is
20%*256*0.9 = 46kbps. (For 0.9 is an estimated factor for the effective data transfer rate
for a ADSL LINE from LAN to WAN. For WAN-to-LAN, it is 0.85 to 0.8).
Data Ratio: percentage for the data rate to be controlled by this policy. As above FTP
server examples, it is 20.
Rate Type: We provide 2 types here:.
Fixed (Maximum): specify a fixed data rate for this policy. It also is the maximal rate for
this policy. As above FTP server example, you may want to “throttle” the outgoing FTP
speed to 20% of 256K and limit to it, you may use this type.
Guaranteed (Minimum): specify a minimal data rate for this policy.
For example, you
want to provide a guaranteed data rate for your outside customers to access your internal
FTP server with, say at least, 20% of your total bandwidth. You can use this type. Then,
if there is available bandwidth that is not used, it will be given to this policy by following
priority assignment.
Priority for Non-used Bandwidth: Specify the priority for the bandwidth that is not
used. For examples, you may specify two different QOS policies for different applications.
Both applications need a minimal bandwidth and need more bandwidth, beside the
assigned one, if there is any available/non-used one available.
So, you may specify
which application can have higher priority to acquire the non-used bandwidth.
High
Normal: The default is normal priority.
Low
For the sample priority assignment for different policies, it is seved in a First-In-First-Out
way.
DSCP Marking: Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP), it is the first 6 bits in the
ToS byte. DSCP Marking allows users to classify traffic based on DSCP value and send
packets to next Router.
DSCP Mapping Table
Disabled
None
72
Best Effort
Best Effort (000000)
Premium
Express Forwarding (101110)
Gold service (L)
Class 1, Gold (001010)
Gold service (M)
Class 1, Silver (001100)
Gold service (H)
Class 1, Bronze (001110)
Silver service (L)
Class 2, Gold (010010)
Silver service (M)
Class 2, Silver (010100)
Silver service (H)
Class 2, Bronze (010110)
Bronze service (L)
Class 3, Gold (011010)
Bronze service (M)
Class 3, Silver (011100)
Bronze service (H)
Class 3, Bronze (011110)
Local Machine IPs: The IP address values for Local LAN machines you want to control.
(For IP packets from LAN to WAN, it is the source IP address. For IP packages from WAN
to LAN, it is the destination IP address.)
Remote Machine IPs: The IP address values for Remote WAN machines you want to
control. (For IP packets from LAN to WAN, it is the destination IP address. For IP packages
from WAN to LAN, it is the source IP address.)
Local Application Ports: The Application port values for local LAN machines you want
to control. (For TCP/UDP packets from LAN to WAN, it is the source port value. For
TCP/UDP packets from WAN to LAN, it is the destination port value.)
Remote Application Ports: The Application port values for remote machines you want
to control. (For TCP/UDP packets from LAN to WAN, it is the destination port value. For
TCP/UDP packets from WAN to LAN, it is the source port value.)
Schedule Time: Schedule your QOS policy.
73
QOS example for your Network
Connection Diagram
VoIP
HTTP web
Normal PCs
browsing users
Restricted PC
ADSL Subscription Rate
Upstream: 256 kbps
Downstream: 2048 Mbps
Example QOS Plan
:.
Application IP or Ports
Control Flow
Data Rate
VoIP User
Outgoing
Minimal 20% with high priority Always
192.168.0.1
Time Schedule
for non-used bandwidth with
SDCP marking Class 1 Gold
Service
FTP Sever
192.168.0.100 Incoming and
Going
outgoing :minimal 30%. Data
Only Working
rate.
Hours 9:00 to
incoming :minimal 30%. Data
17:00 Monday
rate.
to Friday.
Both with low priority for
non-used bandwidth.
HTTP web
80
Incoming and
outgoing : limited 20%. Data
Always
74
browsing
users
Going
rate.
incoming : limited 30%. Data
rate.
Example QOS Setup
VoIP application
Voice is latency-sensitive application. Most VoIP devices are use SIP protocol and the port
number will be assigned by SIP module automatically. Better to use fixed IP address for
catching VoIP packets as high priority.
75
Above settings will help to improve quality of your VoIP service when traffic is full loading.
76
FTP Server Application
Some of companies will setup FTP server for customer downloading or home user sharing
their files by using FTP.
LAN to WAN direction:
77
WAN to LAN direction:
With above settings that help to limit utilization of upstream of FTP. Time schedule also help
you to only limit utilization at day time.
78
HTTP Web Browsing
You can control the internet web browsing by specify the HTTP 80 (8080 for some proxy
server).
LAN to WAN direction:
79
WAN to LAN direction:
80
4.3.6 Virtual Server
In TCP/IP and UDP networks a port is a 16-bit number used to identify which application
program (usually a server) incoming connections should be delivered to. Some ports have
numbers that are pre-assigned to them by the IANA (the Internet Assigned Numbers
Authority), and these are referred to as “well-known ports”. Servers follow the well-known
port assignments so clients can locate them.
If you wish to run a server on your network that can be accessed from the WAN (i.e. from
other machines on the Internet that are outside your local network), or any application that
can accept incoming connections (e.g. Peer-to-peer/P2P software such as instant
messaging applications and P2P file-sharing applications) and are using NAT (Network
Address Translation), then you need to configure your router to forward these incoming
connection attempts using specific ports to the PC on your network running the application.
You also need to use port forwarding if you wish to host an online game server.
The reason is that when using NAT, your publicly accessible IP address is used by and
points to your router, which needs to deliver all traffic to the private IP addresses used by
your PCs. Please see the WAN configuration section of this manual for information on NAT.
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the central coordinator for the
assignment of unique parameter values for Internet protocols. Port numbers range from 0
to 65535, but only port numbers 0 to 1023 are reserved for privileged services and are
designated as “well-known ports”. The registered ports are numbered from 1024 through
49151. The remaining ports, referred to as dynamic ports, or private ports, are numbered
from 49152 through 65535.
Examples of well-known and registered port numbers are shown below, for further
information, please see IANA’s website at: http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers
For help on determining which private port numbers are used by common applications on
this list, please see the FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) at: http://www.billion.com
81
Well-known and Registered Ports
Port Number
Protocol
Description
20
TCP
FTP Data
21
TCP
FTP Control
22
TCP & UDP
SSH Remote Login Protocol
23
TCP
Telnet
25
TCP
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
53
TCP & UDP
DNS (Domain Name Server)
69
UDP
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol)
80
TCP
World Wide Web HTTP
110
TCP
POP3 (Post Office Protocol Version 3)
119
TCP
NEWS (Network News Transfer Protocol)
123
UDP
NTP (Network Time Protocol)
161
TCP
SNMP
443
TCP & UDP
HTTPS
1503
TCP
T.120
1720
TCP
H.323
4000
TCP
ICQ
7070
UDP
RealAudio
Item: Item number
Type: Select TCP if you wish to search for connection-based application services on the
remote server using the port number.
Port Start & Port End: Enter the public port number & range you wish to configure.
82
IP Address: Enter the IP address of a specific internal server to which requests from the
specified port is forwarded.
Add: Click to add a new virtual server rule. Click again and the next figure appears.
Edit: Check the Rule No. you wish to edit and then click “Edit”.
Delete: Check the Rule No. you wish to delete, then click “Delete”.
Item: Item number
Service select: Select the service you wish to configure
Protocol: Automatic when you choose Service select
Start Port & End Port: Enter the public port number & range you wish to configure.
IP Address: Enter the IP address of a specific internal server to which requests from the
specified port is forwarded.
Since NAT acts as a “natural” Internet firewall, your router protects your network from
access by outside users, as all incoming connection attempts point to your router unless
you specifically create Virtual Server entries to forward those ports to a PC on your network.
When your router needs to allow outside users to access internal servers, e.g. a web server,
FTP server, Email server or game server, the router can act as a “virtual server”. You can
set up a local server with a specific port number for the service to use, e.g. web/HTTP (port
80), FTP (port 21), Telnet (port 23), SMTP (port 25), or POP3 (port 110). When an incoming
access request to the router for a specified port is received, it is forwarded to the
corresponding internal server.
For example, if you set the port number 80 (Web/HTTP) to be mapped to the IP Address
83
192.168.1.2, then all incoming HTTP requests from outside users are forwarded to the local
server (PC) with the IP address of 192.168.1.2. If the port is not listed as a predefined
application, you need to add it manually.
In addition to specifying the port number used, you also need to specify the protocol used.
The protocol is determined by the particular application. Most applications use TCP or UDP,
however you can specify other protocols using the drop-down Protocol menu. Setting the
protocol to “all” causes all incoming connection attempts using all protocols on all port
numbers to be forwarded to the specified IP address.
DMZ: The DMZ Host is a local computer exposed to the Internet. When setting a particular
internal IP address as the DMZ Host, all incoming packets are checked by the Firewall and
NAT algorithms, then passed to the DMZ host when a packet received does not use a port
number in use by any other Virtual Server entries.
Using port forwarding does have security implications, since outside
users are able to connect to PCs on your network. For this reason you are
advised to use specific Virtual Server entries just for the ports your
application requires instead of simply using DMZ or creating a Virtual
Server entry for “All” protocols, as doing so results in all connection
attempts to your public IP address accessing the specified PC.
If you disable the NAT option in the WAN-ISP section, the Virtual Server
function becomes invalid.
Attention
Attention
If the DHCP server option is enabled, you have to be very careful in
assigning the IP addresses of the virtual servers in order to avoid
conflicts. The easiest way of configuring Virtual Servers is to manually
assign a static IP address to each virtual server PC, with an address that
does not fall into the range of IP addresses that are issued by the DHCP
server. You can configure the virtual server IP address manually, but 84
it
must still be in the same subnet as the router.
4.3.7 Advanced
Configuration options within the Advanced section are for users who wish to take
advantage of the more advanced features of the router. Users who do not understand the
features should not attempt to reconfigure their router, unless advised to do so by support
staff.
There are six items within the Advanced section: Static Route, Dynamic DNS, VLan
Control, Device Management. IGMP and WAN IP Change Albert.
4.3.7.1 Static Route
Click on Routing Table and then choose Create Route to add a routing table.
Destination: The destination subnet IP address.
Netmask: Subnet mask of the destination IP addresses based on above destination.
Gateway: The gateway IP address to which packets are forwarded.
Interface: Select the interface through which packets are forwarded.
Cost: Represents the cost of transmission for routing purposes. The number need not
be precise, but it must be between 0 and 65535.
4.3.7.2 Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS function lets you alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname, so if
your ISP does not assign you a static IP address you can still use a domain name. This is
especially useful for hosting servers via your ADSL connection, so that anyone wishing to
connect to you may use your domain name, rather than having to use your dynamic IP
85
address, which changes from time to time. This dynamic IP address is the WAN IP address
of the router, which is assigned to you by your ISP.
You first need to register and establish an account with the Dynamic DNS provider using
their website, for example http://www.dyndns.org/
There are more than 5 DDNS services supported.
Disable: Check to disable the Dynamic DNS function.
Enable: Check to enable the Dynamic DNS function. The fields following are activated
and required.
Dynamic DNS Server: Select the DDNS service you have established an account with.
Host: Enter one domain name you have registered.
Domain Name, Username and Password: Enter your registered domain name and
your username and password for this service.
Period: Set the time period between updates, for the router to exchange information
with the DDNS server. In addition to updating periodically as per your settings, the router
performs an update when your dynamic IP address changes.
Wildcard: Select this check box to enable the DYNDNS Wildcard.
4.3.7.3 Vlan Control
VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) is a group of devices on different physical LAN
segments that can communicate with each other as if they were all on the same physical
LAN segment. While clients and servers may be located anywhere on a network, they are
86
grouped together by VLAN technology, and broadcasts are sent to devices within the
VLAN.
VLAN Group Name: There are eight groups that user can setup by themselves.
VLAN ID: Group name ID
LAN Tagging: Tagging VLAN ID to the specific VLAN group for Ethernet interface.
Ethernet port: Port name of Router
Link VLAN Group to WAN connection Interface: Select the WAN connection
interface that user want to link.
VLAN function provides you a very convenient way to manage hosts by grouping them
based on the physical port. Please refer to the following example.
1. If VLAN Group 1 is consisted of hosts linked to port1 and port2, VLAN Group 2 is
consisted of hosts linked port3 and port4, and VLAN Group 3 is consisted wireless LAN.
87
2. After checking the box to enable VLAN function, you will check the table according to
the needs as show below.
88
4.3.7.4 Device Management
The Device Management advanced configuration settings allow you to control your router’s
security options and device monitoring features.
Embedded Web Server:
HTTP Port: The port number of the router’s embedded web server (for web-based
configuration uses. The default value is the standard HTTP port, 80. You may specify an
alternative if, for example, you are running a web server on a PC within your LAN.
For Example: User A changes HTTP port number to 100, specifies their own IP address of
192.168.1.55, and sets the logout time to be 100 seconds. The router only allows User A
access from the IP address 192.168.1.55 to logon to the Web GUI by typing:
http://192.168.1.254:100 in their web browser. After 100 seconds, the device automatically
logs out User A.
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP):
UPnP offers peer-to-peer network connectivity for PCs and other network devices, along
with control and data transfer between devices. UPnP offers many advantages for users
running NAT routers through UPnP NAT Traversal, and on supported systems makes tasks
such as port forwarding much easier by letting the application control the required settings,
89
removing the need for the user to control advanced configuration of their device.
Both the user’s Operating System and the relevant application must support UPnP in
addition to the router. Windows XP and Windows Me natively support UPnP (when the
component is installed), and Windows 98 users may install the Internet Connection Sharing
client from Windows XP in order to support UPnP. Windows 2000 does not support UPnP.
Disable: Check to disable the router’s UPnP functionality.
Enable: Check to enable the router’s UPnP functionality.
UPnP Port: The default setting is 2800. It is highly recommended that you use this port
value. If the value conflicts with other ports already in use you may wish to change the port.
SNMP Access Control
Simple Network Management Protocol—software on a PC within the LAN is required to use
this function.
SNMP V1 and V2:
Read Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Read Community, and an IP
address. This community string is checked against the string entered in the configuration
file. Once the string name is matched, you can obtain this IP address and are able to view
the data.
Write Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Write Community, and an IP
address. This community string is checked against the string entered in the configuration
file. Once a string name is matched, users from this IP address are able to view and modify
data.
Trap Community: Specify a name and an IP address. This community string is
checked against the string entered in the configuration file. Once a string name is matched,
users from this IP address are sent SNMP Traps.
SNMP V3:
Specify a name and password for authentication, and define access rights from the
identified IP address. Once authentication has succeeded, users from this IP address are
able to view and modify data.
SNMP Version: SNMPv2c and SNMPv3
SNMPv2c is the combination of the enhanced protocol features of SNMPv2 without the
SNMPv2 security. The "c" comes from the fact that SNMPv2c uses the SNMPv1 community
string paradigm for "security" but is widely accepted as the SNMPv2 standard.
SNMPv3 is a strong authentication mechanism with fine granularity for remote monitoring.
90
Traps supported: Cold Start, Authentication Failure.
The following MIBs are supported:
From RFC 1213 (MIB-II):
System group
Interfaces group
Address Translation group
IP group
ICMP group
TCP group
UDP group
EGP (not applicable)
Transmission
SNMP group
From RFC1650 (EtherLike-MIB):
dot3Stats
From RFC 1493 (Bridge MIB):
dot1dBase group
dot1dTp group
dot1dStp group (if configured as spanning tree)
From RFC 1471 (PPP/LCP MIB):
pppLink group
pppLqr group
From RFC 1472 (PPP/Security MIB):
PPP Security Group)
91
From RFC 1473 (PPP/IP MIB):
PPP IP Group
From RFC 1474 (PPP/Bridge MIB):
PPP Bridge Group
From RFC1573 (IfMIB):
ifMIBObjects Group
From RFC1695 (atmMIB):
atmMIBObjects
From RFC 1907 (SNMPv2):
only snmpSetSerialNo OID
92
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP):
UPnP offers peer-to-peer network connectivity for PCs and other network devices, along
with control and data transfer between devices. UPnP offers many advantages for users
running NAT routers through UPnP NAT Traversal, and on supported systems makes tasks
such as port forwarding much easier by letting the application control the required settings,
removing the need for the user to control advanced configuration of their device.
Both the user’s Operating System and the relevant application must support UPnP in
addition to the router. Windows XP and Windows Me natively support UPnP (when the
component is installed), and Windows 98 users may install the Internet Connection Sharing
client from Windows XP in order to support UPnP. Windows 2000 does not support UPnP.
Disable: Check to disable the router’s UPnP functionality.
Enable: Check to enable the router’s UPnP functionality.
UPnP Port: The Default setting is 2800. It is highly recommended you use this port
value. If this value conflicts with other ports already in use you may wish to change the port.
Installing UPnP in Windows Example
Follow the steps below to install the UPnP in Windows Me.
Step 1: Click Start and Control Panel. Double-click Add/Remove Programs.
Step 2: Click on the Windows Setup tab and select Communication in the Components
selection box. Click Details.
93
Step 3: In the Communications window, select the Universal Plug and Play check box in
the Components selection box.
Step 4: Click OK to go back to the Add/Remove Programs Properties window. Click Next.
Step 5: Restart the computer when prompted.
94
Follow the steps below to install the UPnP in Windows XP.
Step 1: Click Start and Control Panel.
Step 2: Double-click Network Connections.
Step 3: In the Network Connections window, click Advanced in the main menu and select
Optional Networking Components ….
The Windows Optional Networking Components Wizard window displays.
Step 4: Select Networking Service in the Components selection box and click Details.
Step 5: In the Networking Services window, select the Universal Plug and Play check box.
Step 6: Click OK to go back to the Windows Optional Networking Component Wizard
window and click Next.
95
Auto-discover Your UPnP-enabled Network Device
Step 1: Click start and Control Panel. Double-click Network Connections. An icon displays
under Internet Gateway.
Step 2: Right-click the icon and select Properties.
Step 3: In the Internet Connection Properties window, click Settings to see the port
mappings that were automatically created.
96
Step 4: You may edit or delete the port mappings or click Add to manually add port
mappings.
97
Step 5: Select Show icon in notification area when connected option and click OK. An icon
displays in the system tray
Step 6: Double-click on the icon to display your current Internet connection status.
Web Configurator Easy Access
With UPnP, you can access web-based configuration for the BiPAC 7300VGP series
without first finding out the IP address of the router. This helps if you do not know the
98
router’s IP address.
Follow the steps below to access web configuration.
Step 1: Click Start and then Control Panel.
Step 2: Double-click Network Connections.
Step 3: Select My Network Places under Other Places.
Step 4: An icon describing each UPnP-enabled device shows under Local Network.
Step 5: Right-click on the icon of your BiPAC 7300VGP series and select Invoke. The web
configuration login screen displays.
Step 6: Right-click on the icon of your BiPAC 7300VGP series and select Properties. A
properties window displays basic information about the BiPAC 7300VGP series.
4.3.7.5 IGMP
IGMP, known as Internet Group Management Protocol, is used to management hosts from
multicast group.
IGMP Proxy: Accepting multicast packet.
Default is set to Disable.
99
4.3.7.6 WAN IP Change Alert
Send a log via Email When WAN IP is changed. Default is set to Disable.
100
4.3.8 VoIP
VoIP enables telephone calls through existing Internet connection instead of going through
the PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network). It is not only cost-effective, especially for
a long distance telephone charges, but also toll-quality voice calls over the Internet.
VoIP (Voice over IP) setting could config the information account that register to the server
or line configuration for different telecom environment. It could setup the Voice quality for
different voice codec.
There are seven items within the VoIP section: SIP Settings, Line Settings, IAX Settings,
Call Control, Dialing Plan, CDR and Address Book.
4.3.8.1 SIP Settings
SIP setting menu config the SIP relative parameter of the IAD to fit into different VoIP
environment.
101
Local SIP Port: SIP signaling communication port number of IAD.
Registrar Address: SIP Register Server IP address.
Registrar Port: Port number of SIP Register Server.
Proxy Address: Indicate the IP address of SIP proxy server.
Proxy Port: Specify the port of the SIP proxy server on which it will listen for messages.
Port 5060 is the standard port for SIP; it is set as default value.
This port number relies
on your SIP Service Provider; you should enter the appropriate port number, if SIP Provider
uses other than Port 5060
Outbound Proxy Address: Indicate the SIP outbound proxy server IP address. This
parameter is very useful when VoIP device is behind a NAT.
Outbound Proxy Port: specify the port of the SIP outbound proxy on which it will listen
for messages.
102
Register to Outbound Proxy: To Register outbound Proxy, default setting is “Yes”.
UDP Timeout: Timeout for an INVITE request (it is set as 100 - 3000 msec).
UDP Retry Time: The number of times to send INVITE requests
Session Type: Select Re-invite or Update for this function.
Session Refresher: Select UAC (User agent client) or UAS (User agent server) for this
function.
Session Expires: The time interval in which the phone periodically refreshes SIP
sessions by sending repeated INVITE or Update request, depending on session type.
Register Expires: Timer for re-registration.
Enable PRACK: Ensure correct signal transmissions.
Anonymous: This is an optional service that lets you decide whether or not you want to
block your phone number from showing on the receiver’s phone.
Anonymous Reject: Anonymous Caller Rejection is a service that rejects callers with
anonymous name/phone number automatically.
Application Level Gateway: Can now quickly detect potential interoperability problems
between CPE routers and SIP clients as well as verify the maximum number of SIP
outbound and inbound calls.
UnRegister all existing contact locations: Suppose that the same group's account
number is covered and registered again, the router will be sent out Message of Register for
SIP Proxy and SIP proxy will cancel the account number registered before, and asserted
that the router is the new registration.
4.3.8.2 LINE Settings
Line setting config the account information for each channel.
103
104
Disabled: To disable or enable the Line setting
DisplayName: The display name for the caller while making a SIP call
UserID: This parameter holds the registration ID of the user with the registrar.
AuthUserID: This parameter is the same as UserID.
Password: User password to log into the SIP server.
Register Status: Shows the registration status in the Register Server.
Line Status: Shows the line status.
[Dial] Button: Allows the user to dial numbers using the web interface
TX Gain: Set a specific sound intensity for transmitting sound
RX Volume: Set a specific volume intensity for receiving sound.
Hookflash min: Set the minimum Hookflash timer. Default timer is 80 ms
Hookflash max: Set the maximum Hookflssh timer. Default timer is 1100 ms.
PSTN: PSTN type
Call Forward: Call forward allows you to forward incoming calls to a pre-designated
telephone number. It includes No Answer, Busy and Unconditional. Please enter IP
address, URI or number registered with SIP server.
105
No Answer: VoIP device will forward all incoming call to the forwarding number when
user is unavailable to pick up the phone
Busy: VoIP device will forward all incoming call to the forwarding number when user is
already on the phone talking to someone else
Unconditional: VoIP device will forward all incoming call to the forwarding number.
Call Forward Timer: The time elapsed before the call is considered not answered and
forwarded to a designated number. The default is 10 seconds.
Call Waiting Disable: Call waiting ensures that all important calls get to you. For
example, if you are on the phone when another person tries to call you, an audible beep will
inform you that someone is waiting on the other line. You can decide whether or not you
want to put the current caller on hold and take the incoming call.
4.3.8.3 IAX Settings
IAX2 (Inter Asterisk exchange protocol ver.2) is a proprietary protocol of Asterisk by Digium.
It is a simple protocol like SIP. Yet, it can pass through any kind of NAT. It is much more
popular since it is provided as an open source. For more information, please visit
http://www.asterisk.org
Port: IAD supports IAX2 protocol. Normally IAX2 uses Port 4569.
Server: The Asterisk server’s IP address
Server Port: The port number for the Asterisk server. Default is 4569
Refresh Interval: The time interval in which the phone periodically refresh IAX sessions
by sending repeated INVITE or Update request.
4.3.8.4 Call Control
Call control setting Menu config the codec and tone for different Telecomm environment.
106
Dial Timeout: The IAD will automatically cancel a call out if the callee does not pick up
the phone within the set amount of time.
Ring Timeout: The IAD will automatically reject a call in if the call is not picked up within
the set amount of time.
First Digit Timeout: Specifying the maximum duration for the first digit to be keyed in.
Inter Digit Timeout: Specifying the maximum duration between successive digits
before the dialed in numbers are sent out.
DTMF Method: Please choose RTP Relay, Voice or SIP Info.
Echo Cancel: Enable the echo-cancel to generate background noise to fill silent gaps
during calls if voice activated dialing (VAD) is enabled. If echo cancel is not enabled and
VAD is enabled at the remote end of the connection, the user hears nothing when the
remote party is not speaking.
107
Voice Activity Detection: The voice activity detection (VAD) is a component in the DSP
software that examines a caller's incoming signal and determines if the signal contains
significant energy and is likely to be speech rather than a click.
Default Codec: Default voice codec.
ULAW size, ALAW size G.729 size, G.723 size: One RTP packet is sent out on every
specified time cycle.
G.711µ-LAW: It is a basic non-compressed encoder and decoder technique. µ-LAW
uses pulse code modulation (PCM) encoder and decoder to convert 14 bit linear sample.
64kbps bandwidth is needed.
G.711A-LAW: It is a basic non-compressed encoder and decoder technique. µ-LAW
uses pulse code modulation (PCM) encoder and decoder to convert 13 bit linear sample.
64kbps bandwidth is needed.
G.729A: Using G.729A to encoder/decoder voice information into a single packet
reduces the bandwidth consumption (8kbps only) while you still can have good sound
quality.
Country: Define user location to fit the local Telco system requirements.
Caller ID Display: Enable / disable Caller ID.
Stun Server: Simple Traversal of UDP through NAT. This function is used for NAT
traversal.
UPNP Enable: Universal Plug and Play. This function is used for NAT traversal.
RTP Port: Initial port number for sending RTP packets.
RTP TOS: Type of Service value for Quality of Service.
4.3.8.5 Dialing plan
This IAD build-in a local dialing table. When this IAD does not register to the server user still
could make the call by dialing the number. This dialing table could dial to remote SIP device,
remote IAX device or local PSTN. It could store up to 100 records totally.
108
Prefix: Numbers defined in this field will be inserted at the beginning of the dialing
pattern. Maximum input length is 6 digits.
Min.: Minimum digits user can key in.
Max. : Maximum digits user can key in.
Del.: Number of digit defined in this field will be removed from the dialing pattern. For
example, if we dialed 81352109378 and the delete digit is 2, then the actual dialed number
is 352109378. First 2 digits are removed. Maximum delete digit is 3 digits.
Add: Numbers in this field are added at the beginning of the dialing pattern. For
example, if 001 is in this field, the number dialed is 001+the rest of the numbers. The input
length is limited to 6 digits.
Remote IP: Remote side gateway IP addresses. When the prefix number is matched,
this call will go to the gateway with this IP address.
Protocol: Choose the dialing plan for SIP, IAX or PSTN
[Insert]: Insert a record where the current record is located (Current record is marked
as different color).
[Append]: Add a new record to the bottom of the list.
[Delete]: Delete a record.
Update]: Modify the value of the selected record in the Local Dialing Table
4.3.8.6 CDR
This table show the Call Detail Record.
109
Please click the Refresh button if you want to see the updated CDR.
4.3.8.7 Address Book
It is for you to store frequently used telephone numbers which you can press number setup
by yourself to activate this function. For example, speed dial to phone number lists on 9,
just press 9, Your router will automatically call out to number listed on entry 9.
Speed Dial Code: Setup the number that user to store frequently phone number.
Display Name: This parameter will be appeared on the Caller ID.
Number: This parameter holds the registration ID of the user within the SIP registrar.
IP Address/Domain Name: Indicate remote user’s IP address or domain name if this
remote user does not register in the SIP server. If remote user is registered in the SIP
server, this field is related to the SIP server’s IP / Domain name.
Port: Specify the port of the SIP registrar on which it will listen for register requests from
VoIP device.
110
4.4 Save Configuration to Flash
After changing the router’s configuration settings, you must save all of the configuration
parameters to FLASH to avoid losing them after turning off or resetting your router. Click
Save to write your new configuration to FLASH.
111
4.5 Restart
Click Restart with option Current Settings to reboot your router (and restore your last
saved configuration).
If you wish to restart the router using the factory default settings (for example, after a
firmware upgrade or if you have saved an incorrect configuration), select Factory Default
Settings to reset to factory default settings.
You may also reset your router to factory settings by holding in the small Reset pinhole
button on the back of your router for 10-12 seconds while the router is turned on.
112
Chapter 5
VoIP Installation Guide
Please follow the setup direction described in the first section after you purchase the BiPAC
7300VGP series. And this chapter is describing how to install and use the VoIP setting.
5.1 How to obtain a personal phone number?
FreeWorld Dialup
1. Please connect to http://www.freeworddialup.com
2. Please Click [my FWD] button and prepare to register a FWD ID.
3. Check “If you would like to use a different phone, please go directly to Sign Up” and
Click [Sign up for Fwd].
113
4. Key in your personal information and press [next] button to continue.
5. Key in your address and press [Next] to continue.
114
6. Setting your Username and password and press
registration.
[Finalize Registration] to complete
7. Finish the Registration, the FWD will show your phone number in the window and
please record it
115
116
5.2 BiPAC 7300VGP VoIP Configuration
Please Connect to http://192.168.1.254 and configure the VoIP settings. You will see the
window below when connection established.
117
5.2.1 SIP Settings
Click [VoIP SIP setting] for configuration
This example is registering to FWD in the SIP setting. If you want to add other provider or
edit provider rule, you can follow steps below to change it.
1. Choose the functions of [Interface] offering by Service Provider.
2. Choose the working service provider server.
3. Input the Registration Information.
4. Click [Apply] button and save your configuration.
118
5.2.2 LINE Settings
Click [VoIP Line setting] for configuration
1. To enter the display name for the caller while making a SIP call
2. Input the user phone number, username and password that you registered from
FreeWorld Dialup.
3. Click Dial to connection the VoIP service provider
Click [Apply] button and save your configuration.
When you finish above actions then you can start to test the VoIP functions.
119
5.3 How to make a call from FXS to FXO
This operation have to define a prefix number for opening FXO port that while user dial
prefix number, the IAD will identify it and open FXO port to route into the PSTN. For
example, after dialing “99” you will hear the second dial tone. Then, you can dial any PSTN
call through the IAD.
Click [VoIP Dialing Plan] for configuration
1. To setup the prefix number and that is the special number can connected to the
PSTN
The default setting is ”99”
2. Or user can establish the number liked by oneself
Click [Apply] button and save your configuration.
120
5.4 How to receiving an incoming call from FXO port
121
5.5 General Tone Table
Busy Tone
Busy Tone
Frequency
Frequency 2
1
(Hz)
( Hz)
Cadence
On/Off
American
480
620
0.5s/0.5s
Bulgaria
425
x
0.5s/0.5s
China
450
x
0.35s/0.35s
France
440
x
0.5s/0.5s
Germany
425
x
0.5s/0.5s
Italy
425
x
0.5s/0.5s
Japan
400
x
0.5s/0.5s
Korea
480
620
0.5s/0.5s
Singapore
425
x
0.75s/0.75s
Spain
425
x
0.2s/0.2s
Taiwan
480
620
0.25s/0.25s
United Kingdom
400
x
0.4s/0.4s
Ring Back Tone
Ring Back Tone
Frequency 1
( Hz)
Frequency
2
(Hz)
Cadence
On/Off
American
440
480
2s/1s
Bulgaria
425
x
1s/4s
China
450
x
1s/4s
France
440
x
1.5s/3.5s
Germany
425
x
1s/4s
Italy
425
x
1s/4s
Japan
400
400 *
1s/2s
122
Korea
440
480
1s/2s
Singapore
425
x
1s/2s
Spain
425
x
1.5s/3s
Taiwan
440
480
1s/2s
United Kingdom
425
x
1s/4s
Dial Tone
Dial Tone
Frequency Frequency
1
2
( Hz)
(Hz)
Cadence
On/Off
American
350
440
0s/0s
Bulgaria
425
x
0s/0s
China
450
x
0s/0s
France
425
x
0s/0s
Germany
425
x
0s/0s
Italy
425
x
0s/0s
Japan
400
x
0.25s/0.25s
Korea
350
440
0s/0s
Singapore
425
x
0s/0s
Spain
425
x
0s/0s
Taiwan
350
440
0s/0s
United Kingdom
395
x
0s/0s
123
Chapter 6
Troubleshooting
If your ADSL Router is not functioning properly, you can refer first to this chapter for simple
troubleshooting before contacting your service provider or Billion support. This can save
you time and effort but if symptoms persist, consult your service provider.
Problems starting up the router
None of the LEDs
Check the connection between the adapter and the router. If
are on when you
the error persists, you may have a hardware problem. In this
turn on the router.
case you should contact technical support.
You have forgotten
Try the default login and password, please refer to Chapter
your router login
3. If this fails, you can restore your router to its factory
and/or password.
settings by holding the Reset button on the back of your
router for 6 seconds or more.
Problems with the WAN Interface
Initialization of the
Ensure that the telephone cable is connected properly from
PVC connection
the ADSL port to the wall jack. The ADSL LED on the front
(“linesync”) failed.
panel of the router should be on. Check that your VPI, VCI,
encapsulation type and type of multiplexing settings are the
same as those provided by your ISP. Reboot the router GE.
If you still have problems, you may need to verify these
settings with your ISP.
124
Frequent loss of
Ensure that all other devices connected to the same
ADSL linesync
telephone line as your router (e.g. telephones, fax machines,
(disconnections).
analogue modems) have a line filter connected between
them and the wall socket (unless you are using a Central
Splitter or Central Filter installed by a qualified and licensed
electrician), and ensure that all line filters are correctly
installed and the right way around. Missing line filters or line
filters installed the wrong way around can cause problems
with your ADSL connection, including causing frequent
disconnections. If you have a back-to-base alarm system
you should contact your security provider for a technician to
make any necessary changes.
Problems with the LAN Interface
Can’t ping any PCs
Check the Ethernet LEDs on the front panel. The LED
on the LAN.
should be on for a port that has a PC connected. If it is off,
check the cables between your router and the PC. Make
sure you have uninstalled any software firewall for
troubleshooting.
Verify that the IP address and the subnet mask are
consistent between the router and the workstations.
125
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising