Power Engineering & Energy System
BIJU PATNAIK UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, ODISHA
ROURKELA
Electrical Engineering
M.Tech (POWER ENGINEERING AND ENERGY SYSTEM)
SEMESTER- I
(Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2012 – 2013 onwards)
Code No.
Course Title
L T P
C
THEORY
PSPC101
PSPC102
PSPC103
PSPE101
PSPE102
PSPE103
PSPE104
PRACTICAL
PSPR101
PSPR102
PSPT101
Professional Core
Power System Engineering
Power Apparatus and Systems
EHVAC Transmission.
Professional Electives -I (Any one)
Advanced Power Electronics
Protection & Digital Relaying
Professional Electives –II (Any one)
Optimization Techniques
Power Quality
Power System Lab – I
Engineering Software Laboratory
Pre Thesis Work related Seminar
3
3
3
1
1
1
0
0
0
4
4
4
3
3
1
1
0
0
3
3
3
3
1
1
0
0
3
3
0
0
0
0 3
2
0 3
2
0 3
2
Total Credit -24
SEMESTER- II
Code No.
Course Title
L
T
P
C
3
3
1
1
0
0
4
4
3
3
0
0
0
0
3
3
3
3
0
0
0
0
3
3
THEORY
PSPE203
PSPE204
Professional Core
Power System Transients
Power System Dynamics
Professional Electives -III (Any one)
HVDC & Facts Devices
Power System Management & Deregulation
Professional Electives –I V (Any one)
Advanced DSP
Advanced Control Systems
PSPE205
Professional Electives – V (Any one)
AC and DC Drives
3
0
0
3
PSPE206
Power System Reliability
3
0
0
3
Power System Lab – II
Seminar-2: Pre Thesis Work related Seminar
Viva Voce- 1
3
0
0
PSPC201
PSPC202
PSPE201
PSPE202
PRACTICAL
PSPR201
PSPT201
PSCV201
1 0
4
0 3
2
0 3
2
Total Credit -25
PSPC101 POWER SYSTEM ENGINERING
Module- I
Automatic Generation and Voltage Control:
Turbine & Generator- Load frequency Scheme, Steady state & dynamic analysis in frequency
domain for single & two area system, Economic dispatch Control, Automatic Voltage Control.
Power flow Analysis- NR and Fast Decoupled methods.
Module- II
Optimal System Operation:
Generation allocation problem formulation, Loss Coefficients, Optimal load flow solution,
Hydrothermal Coordination, constraints in Unit- commitment, Unit commitment solution
methods.
Module- III
Modeling of Transmission lines & transformers with off-nominal taps.
Sparse matrise technique for large- Scale system problems- Gaues elimination & bifactorization method. Algorithm for short circuit studies, Z Bus Fomulation, Unsymmetrical
fault analysis using symmetrical components.
Books Recommended:
1. Stagg G.W., Eabiad A.H. “ Computer methods in Power system analysis.” Mc Graw
Hill, 1968.
2. Nagrath & Kothari, “Modern Power System Analysis”
3. Elaerd O.Z, “ Electrical Energy System Theory- An
PSPC102 POWER APPARATUS AND SYSTEMS
Module-I
(12 Hrs)
Synchronous Machines: The basis of General Theory and Generalized Equation of A.C
machines, Equation in terms of phases variable park’s transformation, Various reference
frames, Derivation of two-axis equation, Torque equation, Field and damper windings,
Equivalent circuits, Operational impedances and frequency response loci, Modified equation
with more accurate coupling between field and damper windings.
Selected topics on prime mover and energy supply systems: Governors for hydraulic
and steam turbines, Transient droop, speed governing system.
Module-II
(12 Hrs)
Synchronous Generator short circuit and system faults: Symmetrical short circuit of
unloaded generator, Analysis of short circuit oscillograms, short circuit of loaded synchronous
generator, Unsymmetrical short of synchronous generator, system fault calculation, Sudden
load changes, Equivalent circuit under transient condition, Constant flux linkage theorem,
Simplified phasor diagram for transient changes.
Selected topics on excitation systems: Modeling of excitation system components, exciter
(D.C and A.C), Amplifier, Stabilizing circuit
Module-III
(12 Hrs)
Induction machines: Generator equation of the induction motor (equation), Application of
equation in primary and secondary reference frames and complex form of equation, Short
circuit and fault current due to the induction motor, fault calculation.
Transformers: Transient phenomena in transformer and transformer protection: General
characteristics of over voltage and current inrush, Transient over voltage characteristics tics,
Ferro resonant over voltage, protection against surges and insulation co-ordination.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED :
1. The Generalized theory of electrical machines (Chapters: 1,2,34,5,8 and 11 by B.Adkins and R.H.
Hiiley.
2. Principle, Operation and Design of power Transformer By S.B Vasciitnsky.
3. The J & P transformer Book (Chapter: 22&23) By S. Austen Stigant and A.C Franklin.
4. Power System Stability & Control ( Chapters: 8&9) By P.Kundur, McGraw Hill-1994.
PSPC103 EHVAC TRANSMISSIONS
Module- I
(10 hrs)
Introduction to EHV Transmission Comparison of AC and DC Transmission Systems.
Parameters of EHV Lines:- Resistance of conductors, bundle conductors, Inductance of EHV
Line configurations line capacitance, Sequence Inductance and capacitance, Line
parameters for modes of propagation, resistance and Inductance of Ground returns.
Module- II
(10 hrs)
Voltage Gradient of conductors:- Field of sphere gap, field of line charges and their
properties. Charge – potential relations for multi-conductor lines surface voltage gradient and
conductors without and with ground wires consideration, gradient factors, Distribution of
voltage gradient on sub-conductors of bundle.
Module- III
(10 hrs)
Corona effects- I : Power loss and Audible Noise Corona loss, Charge- Voltage diagram.
Attenuation of traveling waves Audible.
Noise: Generation, Characteristics and its limitation, Measurement, meters, 1-phase and 3phase AN levels, Day-Night equivalent Noise level.
Power frequency voltage control and over-voltage:- Generalised constants, Cascade
connection of components-shunt and series compensation. Sub-synchronous Resonance in
series- capacitor compensated lines, Static Reactive compensating systems.
Module – IV
(10 hrs)
Over voltage in EHV systems caused by switching operations:Origin of over voltage and their types, short circuit current and circuit breaker. Recovery
voltage and the circuit breaker, Over voltage caused by interruption of inductive current,
Interruption of capacitive currents, Ferro resonance over voltage, calculation of switching
surges single phase equivalents, distributed parameter line energized by source, generalized
equations for single phase representation, Generalised equation of three phase systems,
inverse Fourier transform for the general case, Reduction of switching surges on EHV
systems, Experimental and calculated results of switching surge studies.
Books:1. Begamudre R.D., “Extra High Voltage A.C. Transmission” Mc Graw Hill 1968.
PSPE101 ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS
Model-I
1-Ф and 3-ф Controlled rectifiers-Average output voltages and currents for R-L. load
performance parameters of rectifier 1- ф and 3- ф converter.
DC-DC converters: Buck, Boost, Buck-boost and Cuk converters, linear power supplies.
Switch mode DC Power supplies, Fly back converter, Forward converter, push pull converter
, half bridge and full bridge converter.
Module-II
Basic concepts of switch mode inverter, pulse width modulated switching scheme , unipolar
and bipolar Switching scheme, 1-ф inverters, push pull inverters, 3-ф inverters, PWM in 3-ф
voltage source inverters. Reduction of Harmonies , square-wave pulse switching,
programmed Harmonic elimination switching.
Module-III
Resonant pulse Converters: Classification of resonant Converters, series Resonant Inverter:
Series Resonant inverters with unidirectional switches, series resonant inverters with bidirectional switches. Parallel Resonant Inverters, Zero current switching resonant converters,
zero voltage switching resonant converters.
Books for Reference
1. Power electronics, Circuits, devices. Application by M.H.Rashid (PHI)
2. Power electronics, converters ., applications and Design N.Mohan undeland and
Robbins John wily and sons inc.
3. Modern Power electronics and AC Drives by B.K .Bose.
PSPE102 PROTECTION AND DEGITAL RELAYING
Module-I
Protection Schemes and Characteristics: Primary and back up protection , current
transformers for protection , potential transformer, review of electromagnetic relays static
relays , over current relays time current characteristic, current setting time setting, directional
relay, static over current relays.
Distance protection: impedance, reactance, mho, angle impedance relays. Input quantities for
various types of distance relays, effect of arc resistance on the performance of distance
relays, selection of distance relays. MHO relay with blinders, quadrilateral relay , elliptical
relay. Restricted mho, impedance directional, reactance relays, swiveling characteristics.
Module-II
Compensation Schemes: Compensation for correct distance measurement, reduction of
measuring units switched schemes. Pilot relaying schemes. Wire pilot protection , circulating
current scheme, balanced voltage scheme, transley scheme, carrier current protection ,
phase comparison carrier current protection, carrier aided distance protection.
Module-III
Digital Relaying: Digital relaying algorithms, differential equation technique, discrete Fourier
transform technique, walsh-hadamard transform technique, rationalized harr transform
technique, removal of dc offset.
Microprocessor based protective relays: over current , directional, impedance, reactance
relays. Generalized mathematical expressions for distance relays, mho and offset mho
relays, quadrilateral relay, microprocessor implementation of digital distance relaying
algorithms.
Text book
1. Power system protection and switchgear by Badri ram and vishwkrama, TMH
publication New Delhi 1995.
2. power system protection by Madhava Rao TMH
Reference Books
1. Power system by Ravindra Nath and chandar PHI.
PSPE103 OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES
Module-I
Optimization Fundamentals:
Definition, classification of optimization
optimization, optimality conditions.
problems,
Unconstrained
and
constrained
Linear Programming:
Simplex Method, Duality, Sensitivity methods.
Module-II
Nonlinear Programming:
Powel’s method, steepest descent method, conjugates gradient method, Newton’s Method
GRG method, Sequential quadratic programming, Penalty function method, Augmented
Lagrange multiplier method.
Dynamic Programming and Integer Programming
Interior point methods
Karmakar’s algorithm , Dual affine, Primal affine , Barrie algorithm.
Module-III
Simulated annealing , Evolutionary Programming , Genetic algorithm and Genetic
Engineering.
Finite Element Based Optimization.
Reference Books
1. Ashok D.belegundu and Chrandrapatla T. R “ Optimization Concept and Application in
Engineering “ Prentice Hall, 1999.
2. Rao S.S “ Engineering Optimization”
3. Gill , Murray and Wright ,” Practical Optimization”
4. James A. Memoh.” Electic Power System Application of optimization.”
5. song Y. , “Modern Optimization Techniques in power System”
PSPE104 POWER QUALITY
Module-I
Introduction: power quality (PQ) problem, Voltage sag, Swell , Surges, Harmonic, over
voltages, spikes, Voltage fluctuations, Transients, interruption overview of power quality
phenomenon , Remedies to improve power quality, power quality monitoring.
Interruptions: Definition, Difference between failure, outage, causes and origin of
interruptions, limits for the interruption frequency, limits for the interruption duration , costs of
interruption, overview of Reliability , evaluation to power quality, comparison of observations
and reliability evaluation.
Module-II
Voltage Sag: Characterization of voltage sag , definition, causes of voltage sag , voltage sag
magnitude , monitoring, theoretical calculation of voltage sag magnitude , voltage sag
calculation in non-radial systems, meshed systems, voltage sag duration.
PQ considerations in Industrial Power Systems: voltage sag effects, equipment behavior
of power electronic loads, induction motors , synchronous motors, computers, consumer
electronics, adjustable speed AC drives and its operation. Mitigation of AC drives, Adjustable
speed DC drive and its operation, mitigation methods of DC drives.
Module-III
Mitigation of Interruptions and Voltage Sags: Overview of mitigation methods- form fault
to trip, reducing the number of faults, reducing the fault clearing time changing the power
system, installing mitigation equipment, improving equipment immunity, different events and
mitigation methods . System equipment interface- voltage source converter , series voltage
controller , shunt controller , combined shunt and series controller.
Power Quality and EMC Standards: Introduction to standardization, IEC Electromagnetic
compatibility standards, European voltage characteristics standards , PQ surveys.
Reference Book:
1. “ Understanding Power Quality Problems” by Math H J Bollen, IEEE Press.
2. Electrical power quality –R C Dugan, M.F,M Granghar, H.W.Beaty-TMH.
PSPR101 POWER SYSTEM LABORATORY-I
1. V/F control of induction Motor.
2. Resonant DC-DC Converter.
3. Surge impedance calculation of a Transmission line.
4. HVDC Power Link model using MATLAB.
5. Stability analysis of synchronous machine by using gain adjustment of ALFC.
6. Economic Load dispatch/Hydrothermal scheduling.
nd
2 Semester
PSPC201 POWER SYSTEMS TRANSIENTS
Module-I (15 Hours)
INTRODUCTION TO FAST TRANSIENTS:
Origin and nature of power system Transients, traveling waves on transmission system, the
line equation, the shape attenuation and distortion of waves, reflection of traveling waves ,
successive reflections, traveling waves on multi conductor systems, transition points on multi
conductor circuits.
LIGHTNING : Charge formation , mechanism of lightning stroke. Mathematical model of
lightning stroke.
Module-II (15Hours)
THEORY OF GROUNDS WIRES :Direct stoke to a tower, effect of reflection up and down
the tower , the counterpoise.
SWITCHING SURGES :
Normal frequency effects, high charging currents, cancellation waves, recovery voltage,
restricting phenomena. Protection of transmission systems against surge.
HIGH FREQUENCY OSCILLATIONS AND TERMINAL TRANSIENTS OF TRANSFORMER
Module-III (15 Hours)
INSULATION COORDINATION:
Insulation coordination procedures (IEC) for high voltage systems: Design criteria,
classification of overvoltages, insulation design for switching, lightning and temporary
overvoltages, pollution, application of arresters for protection of lines and stations, statistical
methods of insulation coordination, risk of failure, test prescriptions. Insulation coordination
procedures (IEC) for low voltage systems: representative overvoltages, selection of clearance
and creepage distances, macro and micro environments, testing techniques, transient
(switching and lightning) voltage surge suppression in industrial and commercial electrical
installations, protection of electronic devices.
REFERENCES
1.Allan Greenwood , Electrical Transients in power Systems , Wiley Iterscience, 1991
2.Lou Van Der Sluis, Transients in power Systems , John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2001
3.R Rudenterg, Transient Performance of Electric power systems, Phenomenon in Lumped
Networks, MGH, 1950
4.R Rudenterg, Electric Stroke waves in power systems, Harvard University press,
Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1968
5.Transmission Line Reference Book, EPRI, USA, 1982 11
PSPC202 POWER SYSTEM DYNAMICS
Module-I (15 Hours)
Power System Stability Problems: Basic concepts and definitions, Rotor angle stability,
Synchronous machine characteristics, Power versus angle relationship, Stability phenomena,
Voltage stability and voltage collapse, Mid-term and long-term stability, Classification of
stability.
Small Signal Stability: State space concepts, Basic linearization technique, Participation
factors, Eigen properties of state matrix, small signal stability of a single machine infinite bus
system,
Module-II (15 Hours)
Studies of parametric effect: effect of loading, effect of K , effect of type of load, Hopf
A
bifurcation, Electromechanical oscillating modes, Stability improvement by power system
stabilizers. Design of power system stabilizers.
Large Perturbation Stability: Transient stability: Time domain simulations and direct stability
analysis techniques (extended equal area criterion)
Energy function methods: Physical and mathematical aspects of the problem, Lyapunov’s
method, Modeling issues, Energy function formulation, Potential Energy Boundary Surface
(PEBS): Energy function of a single machine infinite bus system, equal area criterion and the
energy function, Multimachine PEBS.
Module-III (15 Hours)
Sub Synchronous Oscillations: Turbine generator torsional characteristics, Shaft system
model, Torsional natural frequencies and mode shapes, Torsional interaction with power
system controls: interaction with generator excitation controls, interaction with speed
governors, interaction with nearby DC converters, Sub Synchronous Resonance (SSR):
characteristics of series capacitor – compensated transmission systems, self – excitation due
to induction generator effect, torsional interaction resulting in SSR, Analytical methods,
Counter measures to SSR problems.
Voltage stability, System oscillations
References:
1.Prabha. Kundur, Power system stability and control, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1994
2.P. Sauer and M. Pai, Power system dynamics and stability, Prentice Hall, 1998. 12
PSPE201 HVDC & FACTS DEVICES
Module-I (15hours)
Introduction: Comparison of AC-DC Transmission, Description and application of HVDC
transmission, DC System components and their functions
Analysis of HVDC Converters: Pulse number, Converter configuration, Analysis of Graetz
circuit, Bridge characteristics, 12 pulse converter
HVDC Control: Principles of DC Link control-Converter control characteristics- System
control, Firing angle control- Current and extinction angle control, DC link power control,
Reactive power control and VAR sources, MTDC system- types- control and protection- DC
circuit breakers
Module-II. (15hours)
FACTS Concept and General System:
Transmission interconnections, Flow of power in AC system, Power flow and dynamic
stability considerations of a transmission interconnection, Relative importance of controllable
parameters, Basic types of FACTS controllers, Benefits from FACTS Technology, Inperspective: HVDC or FACTS
Module-III (15hours)
Compensators: Objective of series and shunt compensation, SVC and STATCOM, GCSC,
TSSC, TCSC, and SSSC, UPFC, IPFC, Generalized and Multifunctional FACTS Controllers
Books Recommended
1.Padiyar K.R., “HVDC Power Transmission System”, Wiely Eastern PVT Limited
2.Kimbark, “Direct Current transmission”, Vol.1, John Wielly, New York, 1971
3.Understanding FACTS: Cocepts and Technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems. By
N. G. Hingorani and L. Gyugi, Standard Publisher Distributors, IEEE Press, Delhi
4.Flexible AC Transmission Systems. By J. Arillage 13
PSPE202 POWER SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND DEREGULATION
Module-I (15 Hours)
Load characteristics and load forecast
Basic definitions- load definitions, load factor definitions, diversity principle in distribution
systems, Load Forecast- factors affecting load forecasting methods, small areas load
forecasting, spatial load forecasting methods, simulation, trending and mixed load forecasting
methods
Basics of Power System Economics & Short-term Operation Planning of Power System, Load
curves and load duration curves, Economic load dispatch- concept of marginal cost and
Kuhn-Tucker’s condition of optimum in power dispatch, participation factors
Module-II (15 Hours)
Classical method to calculate loss coefficients, Loss coefficient calculation using Y-Bus, Loss
coefficients using sensitivity factors, Transmission loss coefficients, Transmission loss
formula
Power Pools & Electricity Markets
Inter-area transactions, multi-area power interchanges, Energy brokerage systems, Market
design and auction mechanism, Pool versus bilateral markets and price formation, Role of
independent generators and system operator
Module-III (15 Hours)
Power Sector Financing
Time value of money, utility economic evaluation, Capacity planning issues and methodsLevelizing and levelized bus-bar analysis, Screening curve analysis, Horizon-year generation
additions analysis, Capacity planning in competitive environment
References
1. A. J. Wood and B. F. Wollenberg, Power generation, operation and control, WileyInterscience, 2nd Edition, 1996.
2. H. G. Stoll, Least-cost electric utility planning, Wiley-Interscience, 1989.
3. K. Bhattacharya, M. H. J. Bollen and J. E. Daalder, Operation of restructured power
systems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, USA, 2001.
PSPE203 ADVANCED DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
Module-I:
(15 hours)
Discrete time signals, systems and their representations:
Discrete time signals- Linear shift invariant systems- Stability and causality- Sampling of
continuous time signals- Discrete time Fourier transform- Discrete Fourier series- Discrete
Fourier transform- Z- transform- Properties of different transforms- Linear convolution using
DFT- Computation of DFT
Module II:
(15 hours)
Digital filter design and realization structures
Design of IIR digital filters from analog filters- Impulse invariance method and Bilinear
transformation method- FIR filter design using window functions- Comparison of IIR and FIR
digital filters- Basic IIR and FIR filter realization structures- Signal flow graph representations
Module III
(15 hours)
Analysis of finite word-length effects
Quantization process and errors- Coefficient quantisation effects in IIR and FIR filters- A/D
conversion noise- Arithmetic round-off errors- Dynamic range scaling- Overflow oscillations
and zero input limit cycles in IIR filters
Statistical signal processing
Linear Signal Models . All pole, All zero and Pole-zero models .Power spectrum estimationSpectral analysis of deterministic signals . Estimation of power spectrum of stationary random
signals-Optimum linear filters-Optimum signal estimation-Mean square error estimationOptimum FIR and IIR filters.
Texts/ References
1. Sanjit K Mitra, Digital Signal Processing: A computer-based approach ,TMH edition .1998
2. Dimitris G .Manolakis, Vinay K. Ingle and Stephen M. Kogon, Statistical and Adaptive
Signal Processing, Mc Grow Hill international editions .-2000
3. Alan V . Oppenheim, Ronald W. Schafer, Discrete-Time Signal Processing, Prentice-Hall
of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1997
4. John G. Proakis, and Dimitris G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing(third edition),
Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 1997
5. Emmanuel C. Ifeachor, Barrie W. Jervis , Digital Signal Processing-A practical Approach,
Addison . Wesley,1993.
6. Abraham Peled and Bede Liu, Digital Signal Processing, John Wiley and Sons, 1976 17
PSPE204 ADVANCED CONTROL SYSTEMS
Module-I :
(14 Hours)
Digital Control : State Space Representations of Discrete Time Systems, Solution of
Discrete Time State Equations, Discretization of Continuous Time State Equations.
Controllability and observability of Linear Time Invariant Discrete Data Systems, Pole
Placement, Deadbeat response, Digital Simulation.
Module -II :
(15 Hours)
Optimal Control : Performance Indices, Quadratic Optimal Regulator / Control Problems,
Formulation of Algebraic Riccati Equation (ARE) for continuous and discret time systems.
Solution of Quadratic Optimal Control Problem using Logrange Multiplies for continuous and
discrete-time systems. Evaluation of the minimum performance Index, Optimal Observer, The
Linear Quadratic Gaussia (LQG) Problem, Introduction to H Control.
∞
Module - III :
(14 Hours)
Non linear Systems : The Aizerman and Kalman Conjectures : Popov’s stability criterion,
the generalized circle criteria, simplified circle criteria. Simple variable structure systems,
sliding mode control, feedback linearization, Model reference adaptive control, (MRAC), Self
Tuning Regulator (STR).
Fuzzy Logic Control : Fuzzy sets and crispsets, Fuzzy Relations and composition of Fuzzy
Relations, Introduction to Fuzzy Logic Controllers.
Books :
1. Discrete Time Control Systems, by K.Ogata, 2nd edition (2001), Pearson Edu Pub.
2. Digital Control Systems, by B.C. Kuo, 2nd edition (1992), Oxford University Press.
3. Digital Control and State Variable Methods, by M.Gopal, 3rd edition (2009), TMH Edu.
4. Systems and Control by Stanislaw H.Zak, Oxford University Press (2003).
5. Design of Feedback Control Systems by Raymond T. Stefani, B.Shalia, Clement J. Savant,
Jr. Gen H. Hostetter, 4th edition (2002), Oxford University Press.
6. Introduction to Control Engineering (Modeling, Analysis and Design) by Ajit K. Mandal,
New Age International (P), Ltd., Publishers (2006).
7. Non Linear Systems, by Hassan K. Khallil, 3rd edition (2002), Prentice Hall, Inc. (Pearson
Education), Publications.
8. Control Theory (Multivariable and non linear Methods) by Torkel Glad & Lennart Ljung,
Taylor & Francis (2009). 16
PSPE205 AC and DC DRIVES
Module-I
12hrs
Introduction to motor drives: Components of power electronic Drives- Criteria for selection of
Drive components-match between the motor and the load- Thermal consideration- match
between the motor and the power electronics converter- characteristics of mechanical
systems- stability criteria.
DC Motor Drives: System model, motor rating, motor-mechanism dynamics-Drive transfer
function.
Module- II
14hrs
Phase controlled D C Motor Drives- Steady state analysis of the 3-phase converter controlled
DC motors Drive , Steady state solution including Harmonics, Discontinuous current
conduction, Transfer functions of the sub systems, two quadrant dc motor drive with field
weakening. Four quadrant dc motor drive. Chopper- Controlled DC motor drive:
Four
quadrant chopper circuit, chopper for inversion. Model of the chopper, steady state analysis
of chopper- controlled dc motor drive – continuous and discontinuous conduction operation,
closed-loop operation.
Module-III
Induction motor drives:
12hrs
Torque speed characteristics
of 3-phase induction motor drive,
speed control of 3-phase induction motor by varying stator frequency and voltage – impact of
non sinusoidal excitation on induction motors- variable frequency converter classifications –
variable frequency PWM-VSI drives- variable frequency square wave VSI drives- variable
frequency CSI drives-comparison of variable frequency drives- Line frequency variable
voltage drives- soft start of induction motors – speed control by static slip power recovery,
static Cramer and Scherbius drives.
Text / Reference
1. Ned Mohan etial : Power Electronics , John wiley and sous
2. R.Krishnan :Electric Motor Drives – PHI publication
3. B K Bose :Modern Power Electronics and AC drives, Pearson Education (Asia)
4. P C Sen : Power Electronics TMH Publication
5. Dubey : Power Electronics Drives- Wiley Eastern 6.
PSPE206 POWER SYSTEM RELIABILITY
Module-I (15Hours)
Generating Capacity Basic Probability Methods: The generation system model, Loss of load
indices, Equivalent forced outage rate, Capacity expansion analysis, Scheduled outages,
Evaluation methods on period basis, Load forecast uncertainty, Forced outage rate
uncertainty, Loss of energy indices.
Generating Capacity Frequency & Duration Method: The generation model, System risk
indices.
Module-II (15 Hours)
Interconnected Systems: Probability error method in two interconnected systems, Equivalent
assisting unit approach to two interconnected systems, Factors affecting the emergency
assistance available through the interconnections, Variable reserve versus maximum peak
load reserve, Reliability evaluation in three interconnected system, multi connected system,
Frequency & duration approach.
Operating Reserve: General concepts, PJM method, Extension to PJM method, Modified
PJM method, Postponable outages, Security function approach, Response risk,
Interconnected systems.
Module-III (15 Hours)
Composite Generation & Transmission Systems: Radial configurations, Conditional
probability approach, Network configurations, State selection, System & load point indices,
Application to practical systems, Data requirements for composite system reliability.
Plant & Station Availability: Generating plant availability, Derated states & auxiliary systems,
Allocation & effect of spares, Protection systems, HVDC systems.
Distribution Systems Basic Techniques & Radial Networks: Evaluation techniques, additional
interruption indices, Application to radial systems, effect of lateral distributor protection, Effect
of disconnects, Effect of protection failures, effect of transferring loads, Probability
distributions of reliability indices.
Distribution Systems-Parallel & Meshed Networks: Basic evaluation techniques, Inclusion of
busbar failures, Inclusion of scheduled maintenance, Temporary & transient failures,
Inclusion of weather effects, Common modes failures, Common mode failures & weather
effects, Inclusion of breaker failures.
Text Books
1.Billinton Roy& Allan Ronald “Reliability of Power system”, Pitman Pub. 1984
2.Richard Elect. Brown, “Electric Power Distribution Reliabilty”, CRC Press
Power System Laboratory-II
1. Power System Analysis using ETAP
2. Optimisation of Power System Operation using MATLAB optimization tool box or MATLAB
Programming
3. Simulation of Thyristor Converter using PSCAD
4. DATA Acquisition using SCADA System
5. Simulation of Induction Motor drive using PSCAD
6. Economic Load dispatch.
7. Analog to digital Converter interfacing, Interfacing DAC to Microprocessor
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