ADC | AD-410 | Service manual | ADC AD-410 Service manual

AD-410 Phase 7
Service Manual
102600DMG/calbert
American Dryer Corporation
88 Currant Road
Fall River, MA 02720-4781
Telephone: (508) 678-9000 / Fax: (508) 678-9447
E-mail: techsupport@amdry.com
www.amdry.com
ADC Part No. 450051
Retain This Manual In A Safe Place For Future Reference
American Dryer Corporation products embody advanced concepts in engineering, design, and safety. If this product is
properly maintained, it will provide many years of safe, efficient, and trouble-free operation.
ONLY qualified technicians should service this equipment.
OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS displayed on the equipment or specified in the installation manual included with
the dryer.
The following “FOR YOUR SAFETY” caution must be posted near the dryer in a prominent location.
FOR YOUR SAFETY
POUR VOTRE SÉCURITÉ
Do not store or use gasoline or
other flammable vapors or liquids
in the vicinity of this or any other
appliance.
Ne pas entreposer ni utiliser d’essence
ni d’autres vapeurs ou liquides
inflammables dans le voisinage de cet
appareil ou de yout autre appareil.
We have tried to make this manual as complete as possible and hope you will find it useful. ADC reserves the right to make
changes from time to time, without notice or obligation, in prices, specifications, colors, and material, and to change or
discontinue models.
Important
For your convenience, log the following information:
DATE OF PURCHASE ____________________________
MODEL NO.
AD-410 Phase 7
__________________________________________
RESELLER’S NAME _______________________________________________________________________________________
Serial Number(s)
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
Replacement parts can be obtained from your reseller or the ADC factory. When ordering replacement parts from the factory,
you can FAX your order to ADC at (508) 678-9447 or telephone your order directly to the ADC Parts Department at (508)
678-9000. Please specify the dryer model number and serial number in addition to the description and part number, so that
your order is processed accurately and promptly.
The illustrations on the following pages may not depict your particular dryer exactly. The illustrations are a composite from
the various dryer models. Be sure to check descriptions of the parts thoroughly before ordering.
“IMPORTANT NOTE TO PURCHASER”
Information must be obtained from your local gas supplier on the instructions
to be followed if the user smells gas. These instructions must be posted in a
prominent location near the dryer.
IMPORTANT
YOU MUST DISCONNECT and LOCKOUT THE ELECTRIC
SUPPLY and THE GAS SUPPLY or THE STEAM SUPPLY BEFORE ANY
COVERS or GUARDS ARE REMOVED FROM THE MACHINE TO
ALLOW ACCESS FOR CLEANING, ADJUSTING, INSTALLATION, or
TESTING OF ANY EQUIPMENT per OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health
Administration) STANDARDS.
FOR YOUR SAFETY
DO NOT STORE OR USE GASOLINE OR OTHER FLAMMABLE
VAPOR AND LIQUIDS IN THE VICINITY OF THIS OR ANY OTHER
APPLIANCE.
DO NOT DRY MOP HEADS IN THE DRYER.
DO NOT USE DRYER IN THE PRESENCE OF DRY CLEANING FUMES.
CAUTION
DRYERS SHOULD NEVER BE LEFT UNATTENDED WHILE IN
OPERATION.
WARNING
CHILDREN SHOULD NOT BE ALLOWED TO PLAY ON OR NEAR
THE DRYERS.
CHILDREN SHOULD BE SUPERVISED IF NEAR DRYER(S) IN
OPERATION.
WARNING
The dryer must never be operated with any of the back guards, outer tops,
or service panels removed. PERSONAL INJURY or FIRE COULD
RESULT.
WARNING
DRYER MUST NEVER BE OPERATED WITHOUT THE LINT
FILTER OR SCREEN IN PLACE, EVEN IF AN EXTERNAL LINT
COLLECTION SYSTEM IS USED.
IMPORTANT
PLEASE OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS displayed on the
equipment and specified in the installation manual included with the dryer.
The wiring diagram for the dryer is located in the front electrical control box area.
Table of Contents
AD-410 REFERENCE GUIDE (Basket [Tumbler] Section)................................. 3
AD-410 REFERENCE GUIDE (Base Section) ...................................................... 4
SECTION I
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ........................................................................................ 5
SECTION II
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE .................................................................................... 7
A. Cleaning ..................................................................................................................................... 7
B. Lubrication ................................................................................................................................. 9
C. Adjustments ............................................................................................................................. 10
SECTION III
SPECIFICATIONS and DIMENSIONS ............................................................... 11
A. Specifications (Gas and Steam Models) .................................................................................... 11
B. Dimensions ............................................................................................................................... 12
SECTION IV
INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS .................................................................... 16
A. Enclosure/Air Supply/Exhaust Requirements .............................................................................. 16
B. Electrical and Gas Requirements ............................................................................................... 17
C. Operational Service Check Procedure ...................................................................................... 17
SECTION V
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION/REPLACEMENT ........................................... 18
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.
L.
Heat Section ............................................................................................................................. 18
Troubleshooting The Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) System ........................................................... 24
Natural Gas and Liquid Propane (L.P.) Gas Conversion Instructions .......................................... 41
Steam Coil System Operation ................................................................................................... 42
Sprinkler System Description .................................................................................................... 47
Tilting System Description ......................................................................................................... 53
Air Jet Assembly ....................................................................................................................... 59
Blower (Squirrel Cage Fan) Motor Assembly ............................................................................ 61
Filter/Regulator Assembly ......................................................................................................... 68
Door Systems ........................................................................................................................... 69
Control and Electrical System ................................................................................................... 75
Basket (Tumbler) System .......................................................................................................... 88
SECTION VI
PHASE 7 OPL SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS ........................................................... 97
A. Diagnostic (L.E.D. Display) Fault Messages .............................................................................. 97
B. Input/Output (I/O) Board Light Emitting Diode (L.E.D.) Indicators ............................................ 99
SECTION VII
TROUBLESHOOTING ......................................................................................... 104
SECTION VIII
PROCEDURE FOR FUNCTIONAL CHECK OF REPLACEMENT
COMPONENTS ..................................................................................................... 112
AD-410 Reference Guide
(Basket [Tumbler] Section)
3
AD-410 Reference Guide
(Base Section)
4
SECTION I
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
CAUTION: The dryer should never be left unattended while in operation.
WARNING: For your safety, the information in this manual must be followed to minimize the risk of
fire or explosion or to prevent property damage, personal injury, or loss of life.
WARNING: The dryer must never be operated with any of the back guards, outer tops, or
service panels removed. PERSONAL INJURY or FIRE COULD RESULT.
1. DO NOT store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or any other
appliance.
2. Purchaser/user should consult the local gas supplier for proper instructions to be followed in the event the
user smells gas. The instructions should be posted in a prominent location.
3. WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS...
a. DO NOT try to light any appliance.
b. DO NOT touch any electrical switch.
c. DO NOT use any phone in your building.
d. Clear the room, building, or area of ALL occupants.
e. Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s instructions.
f. If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire department.
4. Installation and service must be performed by a qualified installer, service agency, or gas supplier.
5. Dryer(s) must be exhausted to the outdoors.
6. Although ADC produces a very versatile dryer, there are some articles that, due to fabric composition or
cleaning method, should not be dried in it.
WARNING: Dry only water washed fabrics. DO NOT dry articles spotted or washed in dry
cleaning solvents, a combustible detergent, or “ALL purpose” cleaner.
EXPLOSION COULD RESULT.
WARNING: DO NOT dry rags or articles coated or contaminated with gasoline, kerosene, oil, paint,
or wax.
EXPLOSION COULD RESULT.
5
WARNING: DO NOT dry mop heads. Contamination by wax or flammable solvents will create a
fire hazard.
WARNING: DO NOT use heat for drying articles that contain plastic, foam, sponge rubber, or
similarly textured rubberlike materials. Drying in a heated basket (tumbler) may damage
plastics or rubber and also may be a fire hazard.
7. A program should be established for the inspection and cleaning of lint in the burner area, exhaust
ductwork, and area around the back of the dryer. The frequency of inspection and cleaning can best be
determined from experience at each location.
WARNING: The collection of lint in the burner area and exhaust ductwork can create a potential fire
hazard.
8. For personal safety, the dryer must be electrically grounded in accordance with local codes and/or the
National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA NO. 70-LATEST EDITION or in Canada, the Canadian Electrical
Codes Parts 1 & 2 CSA C22.1-1990 or LATEST EDITION.
NOTE: Failure to do so will VOID THE WARRANTY.
9. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES should the dryer door switches, lint drawer switch, or heat safety
circuit, ever be disabled.
WARNING: PERSONAL INJURY or FIRE COULD RESULT.
10. This dryer is not to be used in the presence of dry cleaning solvents or fumes.
11. Remove articles from the dryer as soon as the drying cycle has been completed.
WARNING: Articles left in the dryer after the drying and cooling cycles have been completed can
create a fire hazard.
12. READ and FOLLOW ALL CAUTION and DIRECTION LABELS ATTACHED TO THE DRYER.
WARNING: YOU MUST DISCONNECT and LOCKOUT THE ELECTRIC SUPPLY and
THE GAS SUPPLY or THE STEAM SUPPLY BEFORE ANY COVERS or
GUARDS ARE REMOVED FROM THE MACHINE TO ALLOW ACCESS
FOR CLEANING, ADJUSTING, INSTALLATION, or TESTING OF ANY
EQUIPMENT per OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
STANDARDS.
IMPORTANT: Label ALL wires prior to disconnection when servicing the microprocessor controller
(computer) and the ignition module. WIRING ERRORS CAN CAUSE
IMPROPER and DANGEROUS OPERATION.
6
SECTION II
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
A. CLEANING
A schedule should be established for periodic inspection, cleaning, and removal of lint from various areas of the
dryer, as well as throughout the ductwork system. The frequency of cleaning can best be determined from
experience at each location. Maximum operating efficiency is dependent upon proper air circulation. The
accumulation of lint can restrict this airflow. If the guidelines in this section are met, an ADC dryer will provide
many years of efficient, trouble-free, and most importantly safe operation.
WARNING: LINT FROM MOST FABRICS IS HIGHLY COMBUSTIBLE. THE
ACCUMULATION OF LINT CAN CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
WARNING: KEEP DRYER AREA CLEAR and FREE FROM COMBUSTIBLE
MATERIALS, GASOLINE, and OTHER FLAMMABLE VAPORS and
LIQUIDS.
NOTE: REMOVE POWER FROM THE DRYER BEFORE PERFORMING ANY
MAINTENANCE ON THE DRYER.
NOTE: Suggested time intervals shown are for average usage which is considered six (6) to eight (8)
operational (running) hours per day.
SUGGESTED CLEANING SCHEDULE
EVERY THIRD or FOURTH LOAD
Clean the lint screen. A clogged lint screen will cause poor dryer performance. The lint screen is located in the
lint drawer in the base of the dryer. Pull out the lint drawer, brush the lint off the lint screen, and remove the lint.
Inspect the lint screen and replace if torn.
NOTE: The frequency of cleaning the lint screens can best be determined from experience at each
location.
WEEKLY
Open the hinged panels on each side of the basket (tumbler) section and remove any lint accumulation from the
basket (tumbler) drive motor, drive shafts, gear reducer, drive belts, drive wheels, and drive shaft bearings.
Slide the lint basket ALL the way out of the dryer and clean any lint accumulation off of the temperature sensor
bracket, which is located above the lint basket.
7
WARNING: TO AVOID THE HAZARD OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK, DISCONTINUE
ELECTRICAL SUPPLY TO THE DRYER.
MONTHLY
Empty the compressed air filter bowl.
NOTE: REGULATOR PRESSURE IS TO BE SET
AT 80 PSI (5.51 BARS).
Clean any lint accumulation from the gas valve and burner area
at the top of the dryer, the fan (impellor) motor, and the fan
(impellor) bearings located in the dryer base.
EVERY 6 MONTHS
STEAM MODELS - Clean the steam coil fins. We suggest
using compressed air and a vacuum
cleaner with brush attachment.
NOTE: When cleaning steam coil fins, be careful not to bend the fins. If fins are bent,
straighten by using a fin comb, which is available from any local air conditioning supply house.
Inspect and remove any lint accumulation in customer furnished exhaust ductwork system and from the dryer’s
internal exhaust ducting.
NOTE: THE ACCUMULATION OF LINT IN THE EXHAUST DUCTWORK CAN
CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
NOTE: DO NOT OBSTRUCT THE FLOW OF COMBUSTION and VENTILATION AIR.
CHECK CUSTOMER FURNISHED BACK DRAFT DAMPERS IN THE EXHAUST
DUCTWORK. INSPECT and REMOVE ANY LINT ACCUMULATION, WHICH CAN
CAUSE THE DAMPER TO BIND or STICK.
NOTE: When cleaning the dryer cabinet(s), avoid using harsh abrasives. A product intended for the
cleaning of appliances is recommended.
Clean off any lint accumulation on top of the temperature probe and the hi-limit switch located above the lint
basket.
8
B. LUBRICATION
MONTHLY
The two (2) bearings that support the impellor/fan shaft must be lubricated. Use Shell Alvania #2 grease or its
equivalent. Generically, this grease would be described as a NLGI Grade 2 multipurpose industrial grease with a
lithium thickener and mineral base oil.
EVERY 3 MONTHS
The four (4) bearings that support the drive and idler shafts must be lubricated. Use Shell Alvania #2 grease or
its equivalent. Generically, this grease would be described as a NLGI Grade 2 multipurpose industrial grease with
a lithium thickener and mineral base oil.
9
EVERY 6 MONTHS
Change gear oil in basket (tumbler) shaft gear reducer.
1. Remove the drain plug (located at the bottom rear of the reducer).
2. After oil is completely drained, replace the drain plug.
3. Remove the vent plug and pour in 1.48 quarts (1.4 liters) of Mobil Oil DTE HH5G (I.S.O. viscosity grade
460), SAE 90, or its equivalent.
C. ADJUSTMENTS
7 DAYS AFTER INSTALLATION and EVERY 6 MONTHS THEREAFTER
Inspect bolts, nuts, screws, (bearing setscrews), nonpermanent gas connections (i.e., unions, shutoff valves,
orifices), and grounding connections. Fan (impellor) V-belts, along with the motor and drive belts should be
examined and replaced if necessary. Tighten loose V-belts when necessary. Complete operational check of
controls and valves. Complete operational check of ALL safety devices (i.e., door switches, lint drawer switch,
sail switch, burner, and hi-limit thermostats).
10
SECTION III
SPECIFICATIONS and DIMENSIONS
A. SPECIFICATIONS (Gas and Steam Models)
MAXIMUM CAPACITY (DRY WEIGHT)
410 lbs.
186.4 kg
MINIMUM CAPACITY (DRY WEIGHT)
250 lbs.
113.39 kg
BASKET (TUMBLER) DIAMETER
68-3/4”
174.62 cm
BASKET (TUMBLER) DEPTH
66-3/8”
168.59 cm
BASKET (TUMBLER) VOLUME
143 cu. ft.
4.05 cu. m.
DRIVE MOTOR
7-1/2 HP
5.6 kw
BLOWER MOTOR (GAS/STEAM)
15/25 HP
11.18/18.7 kw
40” wide x 50” high
101.6 cm x 127 cm
DOOR SILL HEIGHT - LEVEL
39-3/4”
101 cm
COMPRESSED AIR
80 PSI
5.51 bars
DOOR OPENING
COMPRESSED AIR CONNECTION
3/8” F.P.T.
VOLTAGE AVAILABLE
208-460v 3ø 3, 4w 50/60 Hz
Gas*
HEAT INPUT
1,600,000 btu/hr
403,200 kcal/hr
APPROX. WEIGHT
(UNCRATED)
7,500 lbs.
3,401 kg
AIRFLOW
9,200 cfm
261 cmm
INLET PIPE SIZE
2” F.P.T.
VOLTAGE AVAILABLE
208-460v 3ø 3, 4w 50/60 Hz
Steam*
APPROX. WEIGHT
(UNCRATED)
AIRFLOW
825 kg/hr
12,000 cfm
340 cmm
55
OPERATING STEAM
PRESSURE
125 PSI max
3,628 kg
BOILER HP
NORMAL LOAD
STEAM CONSUMPTION
1,815 lbs/hr
8,000 lbs.
8.6 bars
STEAM SUPPLY
STEAM RETURN
2” F.P.T.
1-1/4” F.P.T.
Shaded areas are stated in metric equivalents
* Dryer must be provided with a clean, dry, and regulated 80 PSI +/- 10 PSI (5.51 bars +/- 0.68 bars) air supply
(equivalent volume = 11 cfh [0.31 cmh]).
NOTE: ADC reserves the right to make changes in specifications at any time without notice or
obligation.
11
B. DIMENSIONS
NOTE: ADC reserves the right to make changes in specifications at any time without notice or
obligation.
12
NOTE: ADC reserves the right to make changes in specifications at any time without notice or
obligation.
13
NOTE: ADC reserves the right to make changes in specifications at any time without notice or
obligation.
14
NOTE: ADC reserves the right to make changes in specifications at any time without notice or
obligation
15
SECTION IV
INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
Installation should be performed by competent technicians in accordance with local and state codes. In the
absence of these codes, the installation must conform to applicable American National Standards: ANSI Z223.1LATEST EDITION (National Fuel Gas Code) or ANSI/NFPA NO. 70-LATEST EDITION (National Electrical
Code) or in Canada, the installation must conform to applicable Canadian Standards: CAN/CGA-B149.1-M91
(Natural Gas) or CAN/CGA-B149.2-M91 (Liquid Propane [L.P.] Gas) or LATEST EDITION (for General
Installation and Gas Plumbing) or Canadian Electrical Codes Parts 1 & 2 CSA C22.1-1990 or LATEST EDITION
(for Electrical Connections).
A. ENCLOSURE/AIR SUPPLY/EXHAUST REQUIREMENTS
NOTE: The following information is very brief and general. For a detailed description, refer to the
AD-410 Phase 7 Tilting Installation Manual (ADC Part No. 113112) included with the dryer.
Bulkheads and partitions around the dryer should be made of noncombustible materials. Allowances should be
made for the opening and closing of the control door and lint door. Also, allowances should be made in the rear
for ease of maintenance. (Refer to the AD-410 Phase 7 Tilting Installation Manual [ADC Part No. 113112] for
recommended distances and minimum allowances required.)
When the dryer is operating, it draws in room air, heats it, passes this air through the basket (tumbler), and
exhausts it out of the building. Therefore, the room air must be continually replenished from the outdoors. If the
make-up air is inadequate, drying time and drying efficiency will be adversely affected. Ignition problems and sail
switch “fluttering” problems on gas dryers may result, and you also could have premature motor failure from
overheating. The air supply must be given careful consideration to insure proper performance of each dryer.
IMPORTANT: Make-up air must be provided from a source free of dry cleaning fumes. Make-up
air that is contaminated by dry cleaning fumes will result in irreparable damage to the
motors and other dryer components.
Exhaust ductwork should be designed and installed by a competent technician. Improperly sized ductwork will
create excessive back pressure which will result in slow drying, increased use of energy, and shutdown of the
burner by the airflow (sail) switch, burner hi-limit, or lint chamber hi-heat protector thermostat. (Refer to the
AD-410 Phase 7 Tilting Installation Manual [ADC Part No. 113112] for more details.)
CAUTION: IMPROPERLY SIZED or INSTALLED EXHAUST DUCTWORK CAN
CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
16
B. ELECTRICAL and GAS REQUIREMENTS
It is your responsibility to have ALL electrical connections made by a properly licensed and competent electrician
to assure that the electrical installation is adequate and conforms to local and state regulations or codes. In the
absence of such codes, ALL electrical connections, materials, and workmanship must conform to the applicable
requirements of the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA NO. 70-LATEST EDITION, or in Canada, the Canadian
Electrical Codes Parts 1 & 2 CSA C22.1-1990 or LATEST EDITION.
IMPORTANT: Failure to comply with these codes or ordinances and/or the requirements stipulated
in this manual can result in personal injury or component failure.
The dryer installation must meet the American National Standard, National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1LATEST EDITION, or in Canada, the Canadian Electrical Codes Parts 1 & 2 CSA C22.1-1990 or LATEST
EDITION (for Electrical Connections) as well as, local codes and ordinances, and must be done by a qualified
technician.
NOTE: Undersized gas piping will result in ignition problems and slow drying and can create a safety
hazard.
The dryer must be connected to the type of gas (natural or liquid propane [L.P.]) indicated on the dryer data
label. If this information does not agree with the type of gas available, contact the reseller who sold the dryer or
contact the factory.
The gas input ratings shown on the dryer data label are for elevations up to 2,000 feet (609.6 meters), unless
elevation requirements of over 2,000 feet (609.6 meters) were specified at the time the dryer order was placed
with the factory. The adjustment for dryers in the field for elevations over 2,000 feet (609.9 meters) is made by
changing the burner orifices. If this adjustment is necessary, contact the reseller who sold the dryer or contact
the factory.
NOTE: Any burner changes must be made by a qualified technician.
C. OPERATIONAL SERVICE CHECK PROCEDURE
After performing any service or maintenance function, an operational check should be performed to insure that
ALL components are performing properly.
1. Make a complete operational check of ALL the operating controls to insure that the timing is correct,
temperature selection switches are functioning properly.
2. Make a complete operational check of ALL safety related circuits, door switches, hi-limit thermostat, sail
switch, cycling thermostats, etc.
17
SECTION V
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION/REPLACEMENT
A. HEAT SECTION
The dryer uses three (3) types of heat sources: natural gas, liquid propane (L.P.) gas, and steam. Natural gas and
L.P. gas are not directly replaceable. The gas valves need to be modified to use other than the type of heat
specified on the nameplate.
1. The gas dryers utilize a Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module to monitor that a flame is established. If for
some reason the flame signal is lost, the DSI module will shut off the gas valve and not retry ignition (no try
to restart the flame). A spark of approximately 14,000 volts is used to establish a flame. The DSI module
will turn the gas valve on and ignitor/flame-probe will spark for 8-seconds attempting a flame. Each time
the dryer calls for heat the microprocessor controller (computer) will send a 24 VAC signal through the
exhaust hi-limit, sail switch, and oven hi-limit. At that point, the DSI module will try for ignition.
DSI SYSTEM COMPONENTS/FUNCTIONS
Johnson (DSI) Control Module P/N 128935
ADC (DSI) Control Module P/N 128973
18
24 VAC Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) Modules
a. The Direct Spark Ignition (DSI)
module is a 24 VAC device
designed to be the “controller” of
the DSI system. When activated
by the dryer controls, this module
constantly monitors and controls
the functions of the DSI system
(i.e., spark activation, gas valve off
and on, flame verification, etc.).
Additionally, the DSI module has
self-diagnostic capabilities.
Johnson (DSI) Control Module
P/N 128935
ADC (DSI) Control Module
P/N 128973
b. The ignitor/flame-probe assembly is located in the burner flame
area and is used to ignite the gas by use of a high voltage spark
(approximately 14,000 volts) and to provide feedback
information to the DSI module as to whether the burner flame
is evident (on).
Ignitor/Flame-Probe Assembly
c. The burner manual reset hi-limit switch is a thermostat type
switch located in the burner. Its function is to discontinue heat
(flame) in the event of an over temperature situation (above
330º F [166º C]). For dryers manufactured, as of May 26,
1998, the hi-limit must be manually reset once the device trips.
330º F (166º C) Thermostat
d. The sail switch assembly is located on the burner assembly,
downstream of the flame tubes. Its function is to detect whether
or not there is sufficient airflow through the dryer.
Sail Switch Assembly
19
e. The manual reset basket (tumbler) hi-limit switch is a thermostat
type switch located above the lint basket. Its function is to
discontinue heat (flame) in the event of an over temperature
situation (above 225º F [107º C]).
225º F (107º C) Thermostat
f. The gas valve used in the dryer is of the redundant type which
means that the gas valve is actually two (2) gas valves in one
(1); one (1) in series with the other. This is a safety feature,
which provides protection against gas flow in the event that one
(1) of the valves does not seat properly. The valve also regulates
the incoming gas pressure.
NOTE: THE DIRECT SPARK IGNITION (DSI) GAS
VALVES ARE NOT FIELD REPAIRABLE.
Redundant Gas Valve
g. Normal operation of the DSI system (refer to the illustration on page 18).
1) The DSI system consists of a microprocessor-based control module, along with an ignitor/flameprobe assembly. This control utilizes a high voltage synchronous spark ignitor and a rectified flame
sensor probe signal to locally control ALL basic functions in the gas burner.
On a call for heat by the dryer’s controls, 24 VAC is applied to the DSI module at which time the
module’s light emitting diode (L.E.D.) indicator will light “red” indicating that power has been established
to the module. Almost immediately (up to approximately 1.5-seconds [prepurge]) the indicator will
light “green,” the gas valve opens and the spark burst will be evident (on) for approximately
8-seconds. The burner flame should now be established/confirmed.
If at this time the flame has not been established and confirmed, the DSI module will “LOCKOUT”
and the module’s L.E.D. indicator will light “red” and stay on continuously. “Burner Ignition Control
Fault” will display. To clear this fault press the “STOP/CLEAR” key.
Once the burner flame is established and confirmed, the DSI module indicator will light “green,” and
the burner system will continue through a normal heating cycle, where the DSI system will cycle on
and off as required by the dryer’s controls.
During the normal heating cycle, should a “FLAMEOUT” occur (i.e., severe air turbulence forces
the flame away from the ignitor/flame-probe assembly), the DSI module would shut the gas valve
off and immediately try to reestablish the burner flame. The DSI module will attempt to light the
burner ONLY ONCE. If flame is not established, the DSI module will “LOCKOUT” and “Burner
Ignition Control Fault” will display. To clear this fault press the “STOP/CLEAR” key.
20
h. Troubleshooting Flowchart - Quick Reference...
First Visual Check
No Spark And System Does Not Work
Is 24 VAC available
at transformer?
No
Is 24 VAC present from terminal
THS(2) to ground?
Yes
No
Is power available
to primary?
No
Yes
Replace
Transformer.
Reset
or replace
hi-limits
Determine why
voltage is not
present.
Yes
Are thermostat contacts and
hi-limit control contacts closed?
No
Yes
Check continuity of wiring to
determine why voltage does
not exist at THS(2).
Is jumper installed
from terminal 5 to
ground?
Install
Jumper.
No
Yes
Open thermostat contacts for 30 seconds.
Close contacts and wait for prepurge (if applicable)
period. Is spark present now?
No
Yes
Turn off supply voltage.
Check high voltage cable.
Is it securely attached
to DSI module?
No
Yes
Is condition of high voltage
cable good (not brittle,
burnt, or cracked)?
No
Securely attach wire
to DSI module
Yes
Replace high
voltage cable
Is spark electrode
ceramic cracked
or is electrode
grounded out?
Replace
DSI module
No
Yes
Replace spark electrode
assembly.
System was in lockout.
Observe a complete operating
cycle to determine why
control locked out.
21
i. Troubleshooting Flowchart - Quick Reference...
Second Visual Check
Spark Present But Main Burner Does Not Come On
Is main valve wiring securely
attached to terminal M.V.(3)
and ground?
No
Yes
Is 24 VAC present
between terminals M.V.(3)
and ground?
No
Secure wiring to
M.V.(3) and ground.
Yes
Replace
DSI module
Check for continuity in
wiring from M.V.(3) to gas
valve, and gas valve to GR.
Determine
why continuity
does not exist.
No
Yes
Is inlet gas pressure per
manufacturer's specifications?
Set gas pressure
Natural 3.5 inches W.C. (8.7 mb)
L.P. 10.5 inches W.C. (26.1 mb)
No
Yes
Is spark gap .125 in.(3.175 mm)
and in gas stream?
Correctly adjust the
gap and position of
spark ignitor.
No
Yes
Replace
gas valve.
22
j. Troubleshooting Flowchart - Quick Reference...
Third Visual Check
Main Burner Lights But Will Not Stay On
Is flame sensor cable
securely attached
to sense (4) terminal?
No
Does continuity exist
from control
to flame sensor?
Yes
No
Reattach flame
sensor wire to
sense (4) terminal.
Yes
Replace
sensor
cable.
Is flame sensor corroded
or is ceramic cracked?
Correct or
replace sensor.
Yes
No
Does continuity exist in
ground path from burner
to control?
Check connection.
No
Check flame sensing current
during trial. Is current
greater than 0.3 µA DC?
Is flame sensor positioned per
manufacturer's specifications?
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Readjust per
specifications
Replace
DSI module
Replace
DSI module
23
B. TROUBLESHOOTING THE DIRECT SPARK IGNITION (DSI) SYSTEM
NOTE: The troubleshooting information provided in this manual is intended for use by qualified service
technicians only. OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS displayed on the equipment
or specified in the AD-410 Phase 7 Tilting Installation Manual (ADC Part No. 113112)
included with the dryer.
IMPORTANT: UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD ANY SAFETY or HEAT
CIRCUIT DEVICES EVER BE DISABLED.
The Following Pieces Of Test Equipment Will Be Required To Troubleshoot
This System With Minimal Time and Effort
DSI IGNITOR GAP FEELER GAUGE
(1/8” [3.175 mm])
Used For Checking Gap Between Ignitor/
Flame-Probe Assembly and Spark Electrode
MANOMETER
Used To Measure Gas Pressure In Inches
Of Water Column (W.C.)
Available From ADC
MULTIMETER/VOLTMETER
For Measuring Voltage
Available From ADC
24
1. Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) Troubleshooting Terms (definitions) ADC (DSI) Control Module P/N 128973
a. DSI MODULE “RED” L.E.D. INDICATOR LIGHT - This “red” light emitting diode (L.E.D.) light is
located in the upper right corner of the DSI
module (refer to the top illustration on page
19). This is a diagnostic indicator that simplifies
the operational and troubleshooting procedures
of the DSI system.
b. LOCKOUT MODE - DSI module “red” L.E.D. indicator light stays on continuously. This indicates
there is a system fault and most likely the fault is the DSI module itself.
c. FLAMEOUT - Burner flame shut down by the DSI module due to lack of flame verification. This
condition occurs only after ignition is evident but is lost. The DSI system will immediately
attempt to relight the burner.
d. RECYCLE - Flame has been sensed but lost. Initiate a new sequence (THERE ARE NO RETRIES).
2. Troubleshooting and System Basic Diagnosis ADC (DSI) Control Module P/N 128973
a. Preliminary Steps
The following steps must be performed to minimize
the time required to isolate cause of fault.
1) DSI module L.E.D. indicator light is off (no
“red” or “green” light).
a) Check for voltage (approximately 24 VAC)
across the DSI model terminals “TH” and
“GND”...
If voltage (approximately 24 VAC) is
evident, then, there is a malfunction within
the DSI module itself, and it must be
replaced.
If there is no voltage present, then the problem is not the DSI module or the ignition system, the
problem is elsewhere in the dryer (i.e., dryer’s heat circuit [sail switch, hi-limit circuits, etc.]).
2) DSI module L.E.D. indicator lights “red” for approximately 1.5-seconds (prepurge). This indicates
that ALL the controls (including ALL the safety circuits) are functioning and power is being supplied
to the DSI module.
3) DSI module L.E.D. indicator lights “green.” This indicates a normal heating cycle. This also
indicates that the preliminary diagnostics of the module has confirmed that the DSI module is functional.
4) DSI module L.E.D. indicator lights “red” continuously...“LOCKOUT MODE.” This indicates that
there is a system fault and most likely the fault is internal to the DSI module. To make sure, open
and close the main door. Restart the dryer...if the module LOCKS OUT (“red” L.E.D. indicator
light stays on continuously) again, replace the DSI module.
25
If the dryer repeatedly has Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module “LOCKOUT” failures, the cause
may be due to high voltage not getting into the DSI module ignitor probe assembly.
5) Check to insure that the “red” high voltage wire (between the ignitor spark electrode and the DSI
module) is not wrapped around the sensor probe wire (the wire between the DSI module FP
terminal and the ignitor/flame-probe assembly). If the wires are touching one another, separate and
secure in place AWAY FROM ONE ANOTHER.
6) Check to insure that the dryer is properly grounded and that the ground connections (GND) to the
DSI module are secure.
7) If the problem persists, it is most likely to be in the external components (not the DSI module), or
wiring, due to a “FLAMEOUT”...proceed as follows:
NOTE: Preliminary steps - DO NOT OMIT - to minimize the time required to troubleshoot this
system.
a) Disconnect the electrical power to the dryer.
b) Visually check the DSI module components for visual damage.
c) Check wiring for loose connections, nicks, or cracking at the ceramic insulator, or shorting of the
sensor to the burner.
d) Inspect the DSI ignitor/flame-probe assembly...
... Check electrode for visible cracking at the ceramic insulator or shorting of sensor to burner.
... Check to insure that the flame sensor rod is positioned over the flame area.
... Check for carbon deposits on the flame sensor rod.
... Check to insure that there is an 1/8” +/- 1/32” (3.175 mm +/- 0.79248 mm) gap between the
ground rod and the ignitor spark electrode.
b. After performing these inspections and making corrections - if any - restore power to the dryer...start
the dryer and operate through one (1) complete cycle to insure that ALL components are functioning
properly. If a no heat condition persists refer to the Troubleshooting Flowcharts on page 28, page
29, and page 30.
1) To effectively use this information or the flowcharts, each step must be completed in sequence,
performing whatever tests are suggested. After the completion of each test, the guide will direct the
service technician to the next logical step in the troubleshooting sequence based on the outcome of
the previous check.
2) Components should be replaced only after each step has been completed and replacement is
suggested in the flowchart. However, the experienced technician realizes that a loose connection or
broken or shorted wire may be at fault where electrical components are concerned...and not
necessarily the suspected component itself.
26
c. Three (3) Visual Checks
1) Does the Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) ignitor/flame-probe assembly start sparking?
If not, refer to the First Visual Check on page 28.
2) Does the main burner ignite?
If not, refer to the Second Visual Check on page 29.
3) Does the main burner remain lit after ignition has been established (“FLAMEOUT”)?
If not, refer to the Third Visual Check on page 30.
27
d. Troubleshooting Flowchart - Quick Reference...
First Visual Check
(Does Ignitor Spark?)
Computer/Timer Calls For Heat
Is spark evident (on)
at Ignitor Assembly?
No
Is 24 Volts
present across DSI Module
terminals
TH and COM?
No
Open circuit to DSI System.
Check the 24 VAC power source
Sail Switch and Hi-Limit.
Yes
Repair or replace HV Lead
Assembly.
Energize system and check
for proper operation.
Yes
Yes
Go To Chart 2
Check
High Voltage (HV)
Lead for nicks or cracking,
where sparking to ground may
occur. Is this wire
damaged?
No
Visually
inspect Spark
Electrode Assembly. Is
ceramic cracked or Spark
Electrode incorrectly
gapped?
Yes
If cracked, replace Electrode
Assembly. Correct gap size
is 1/8" +/- 1/32" (3.175 mm +/0.79248 mm).
Energize system and check
for proper operation.
No
1. At DSI Ignitor Assembly be
sure HV Wire is secure in
the boot as well as the
connection to the Ignitor
Probe Assembly.
2. At DSI Module, center the
end of the HV Wire with a
Spike Terminal. Energize
system and check for
proper operation.
No
Visually
inspect High
Voltage (HV) Wire
connections at both DSI Module
and Ignitor Assembly.
Are connections
secure?
Yes
Replace the DSI Module.
Energize system and check
for proper operation.
Yes
Remove
High Voltage
(HV) Wire from
DSI Module and visually
inspect. Is conductor
visible at end of
HV Wire?
28
No
Cut the end off of the HV Wire
1/4" at a time until conductor
becomes visible and is flush
with the insulation.
Reconnect the HV Wire to the
Spike Terminal on the DSI
Module.
Energize system and check
for proper operation.
e. Troubleshooting Flowchart - Quick Reference...
Second Visual Check
(Does Main Burner Ignite?)
Does
main burner
light?
Is manual
knob on the Gas Valve
in the “ON”
position?
No
Yes
Yes
Go To
Third Visual
Check
Is
dryer Internal Gas
Shut-Off Valve and
ALL External Gas Shut-Off
Valves in the open
position?
No
Turn knob to “ON/OPEN”
position.
Energize system and
check for proper operation.
No
Yes
Restore gas supply.
Energize system and
check for proper
operation.
Turn manual knob on the Gas Valve to the
“OFF” position.
Connect a manometer to the Gas Valve
outlet pressure tap.
Correct supply pressure.
Energize system and
check for proper operation.
No
No
Is
gas available
at the
source?
Turn
manual knob on
the Gas Valve to the
“ON” position.
Energize the system.
Is outlet pressure
detected?
No
Yes
Is outlet
Water Column (W.C.)
pressure correct?
Natural 3.5” - 4.0” W.C.
(8.7 mb - 9.9 mb)
L.P. 10.5” - 11.0” W.C.
(26.1 mb - 27.4 mb)
Yes
Energize
system. Is 24 VAC
present across leads
at the Gas
Valve?
No
Yes
With
system energized,
is 24 VAC present
across the “MV” and “GND”
terminals of the DSI
Module?
No
Check Spark Electrode for
proper gap and insure that
the spark is in the path of
the gas flow...
Refer To Service Section.
Yes
Yes
Replace the Gas Valve.
Energize the system and
check for proper operation.
Replace High
Voltage (HV)
leads
Energize system
and check for
proper operation.
29
Replace
DSI Module
Make the necessary
corrections.
Energize system and
check for proper operation.
f. Troubleshooting Flowchart - Quick Reference...
Third Visual Check
(Does Main Burner Ignite?)
Does
main burner
remain
lit?
No
Yes
Does
the Flame Probe
have carbon or
dust build
up?
De-energize
the system and disconnect
Flame Sensor from the
DSI Module. Connect an ohmmeter
across the Flame Sensor
Sensor and ground.
Is resistance less
than 50 mega-ohms?
No
Yes
Remove Flame Sensor
Assembly.
Clean the surface of the
Flame Sensor Rod with
fine steel wool or emery
cloth, then reinstall.
Energize system and
check for proper operation.
Does
ignitor spark turn
"OFF" with main
burner flame still
present?
No
Connect
ohmmeter across
Flame Sensor lead
terminal and Flame Sensor.
Does continuity
exist?
Yes
Control's heat requirements
satisfied.
DSI cycle is complete.
No
Yes
No
Yes
Does ignitor spark continue
with burner flame present?
Replace Flame Sensor
Assembly.
Energize system and check
for proper operation.
Is
DSI Module "GND"
terminal properly
connected to
ground?
No
Correct
ground wiring
Replace
DSI Module
Yes
Reposition Flame Sensor Probe to achieve a
2µa or greater sensor current or, if
unattainable, replace the Sensor Probe
Assembly.
30
Is
Flame Sensor Probe
properly located in the flame?
Proper flame location would
provide adequate flame current
yet will not exceed maximum rod
temperature. Microammeter
reads 2µa or
greater.
No
Yes
3. Troubleshooting and System Detailed Diagnosis For Johnson Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) Module P/N 128935
When the dryer calls for heat, 24 VAC from the step down transformer is applied to the “TH” and “GND”
terminals of the DSI module. The DSI module light emitting diode (L.E.D.) indicator will LIGHT “GREEN.”
The gas valve will be energized, and the spark burst will be evident (on) for approximately 8-seconds at the
tip of the electrode flame-probe assembly. The flame should now be established and confirmed. If a
flame is not sensed and confirmed by the ignitor/flame-probe sensor after the approximate 8-second spark
burst, the DSI module will wait 30-seconds and start ALL over again.
If a flame has been established and confirmed and then lost, the DSI module L.E.D. indicator will continue
to LIGHT “GREEN,” wait 30-seconds and try again. The flame should now be established and confirmed.
If a flame is not sensed and confirmed by the ignitor/flame-probe sensor after the initial try, the module will
try two (2) more times, then if flame is still not established it will go into LOCKOUT mode (the L.E.D. will
BLINK “GREEN” CONTINUOUSLY).
a. System Diagnosis
1) Gas Pressure
A gas pressure test should be taken at the
gas valve pressure tap provided on every gas
valve to assure that the water column (W.C.)
pressure is correct and consistent.
There are two (2) types of devices commonly
used to measure water column pressure.
They are the spring and mechanical type
gauges and the water column test gauge
(manometers). The use of the spring and
mechanical type gauges is not recommended
because they are not always accurate. The
preferred type of gauge is the manometer
because it is a simple device to use and is
highly accurate. A manometer is simply a
glass or transparent plastic tube with a scale
graduated in inches. When it is filled with
water and pressure is applied, the water in
the inner tube lowers, showing the exact
water column pressure in inches.
WARNING: Test ALL connections for leaks by
brushing on a soapy water solution.
WARNING: NEVER TEST FOR LEAKS
WITH A FLAME!!!
31
a) Connect the water column test gauge (manometer) to the gas valve pressure tap (1/8” N.P.T.).
Refer to the illustration on the previous page (page 31).
b) Start the dryer...with the burner on, the correct water column (W.C.) pressure reading in inches
should be :
Natural Gas ------------------ 3.5 inches (8.7 mb) Water Column.
Liquid Propane (L.P.) Gas - 10.5 inches (26.1 mb) Water Column.
When a gas dryer is first started (during initial time of installation or start-up), it has a tendency
not to ignite on the first ignition attempt. This is due to the fact that the gas supply piping is filled
with air, so it may take a few minutes for the air to be purged from the supply lines. During this
purge period there may be insufficient gas pressure for ignition, which might cause the Direct
Spark Ignition (DSI) module to go into the “LOCKOUT” mode (the light emitting diode [L.E.D.]
will BLINK “GREEN” CONTINUOUSLY).
NOTE: During the purge period, check to be sure that ALL shutoff valves are open.
NOTE: To reset the DSI module if it is in the “LOCKOUT” mode, “Burner Control Fault” will display.
To clear this fault press the “STOP/CLEAR” key.
c) If gas pressure is low, unscrew slotted regulator cover on top of the gas valve and turn regulator
(pressure) adjustment screw (located underneath the cover) clockwise (CW) to increase the
pressure.
2) Ignitor/Flame-Probe Assembly
The ignitor/flame-probe assembly consists of a ceramic insulated ignitor electrode, a ground rod, and
a ceramic insulated flame-probe electrode. The gap between the ignitor electrode and the ground
rod is set, and must be maintained at 1/8” +/- 1/32” (3.175 mm +/- 0.79248 mm). When the DSI
module provides the high synchronous spark (14,000 volts) through the high voltage (HV) lead, a
spark is produced over the gap. When this spark is produced, the gas valve is opened. Upon
ignition, the flame-probe electrode (of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly) has high voltage provided
to it that supplies a small current to ground through the flame. Once the current is sensed, it
initializes the DSI module to sustain the gas flow (from the gas valve).
IMPORTANT: THE GAP SETTING ON THE
IGNITOR/FLAME-PROBE
ASSEMBLY IS CRITICAL.
a) DSI Ignitor/Flame-Probe Assembly Adjustments
(1) The gap on the ignitor/flame-probe assembly
must be set, and held at 1/8” +/- 1/32” (3.175
mm +/- 0.79248 mm). If this gap is not
maintained (if the gap is either too large or
too small), the DSI module will indicate a
system malfunction and go into the
“LOCKOUT” mode (the L.E.D. will BLINK
“GREEN” CONTINUOUSLY).
32
(a) To check and/or set the 1/8” (3.175 mm) gap, use a Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) gap
feeler gauge or similar device to determine gap size. DO NOT USE FEELER TO
SET THE GAP, USE IT ONLY TO DETERMINE THE SIZE OF THE GAP. If
an adjustment is necessary, bend the ground rod to achieve the correct gap, then recheck
the 1/8” (3.175 mm) gap with a feeler gauge.
(b) The alignment of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly in relation to the gap on the ignitor
electrode and ground rod must be maintained in as vertical (straight line) a position as
possible (refer to the illustration below) otherwise the DSI module will indicate a
system malfunction and go into the “LOCKOUT” mode (the light emitting diode [L.E.D.]
indicator will BLINK “GREEN” CONTINUOUSLY).
(c) The positioning of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly is extremely important because it
provides the necessary feedback information to the DSI module. The flame-probe
electrode must be positioned 1/4” (6.35 mm) minimum into the flame path (refer to the
illustration below) and must be positioned 1-inch (2.54 cm) maximum from the burner
tube (refer to the illustration below) otherwise the DSI module will indicate a system
malfunction and go into the “LOCKOUT” mode (the L.E.D. indicator will BLINK
“GREEN” CONTINUOUSLY).
NOTE: To reset the DSI module if it is in the “LOCKOUT” mode, “Burner Control Fault” will display.
To clear this fault press the “STOP/CLEAR” key.
33
3) Air Turbulence
If there is sail switch flutter due to air turbulence or improper impellor (fan/blower) rotation or a
restriction in the exhaust ductwork, the Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module will cycle erratically.
This in turn might cause the DSI module to “LOCKOUT” (where the light emitting diode [L.E.D.]
indicator will BLINK “GREEN” CONTINUOUSLY).
a) If air turbulence causes the flame to move away from the flame-probe electrode (of the ignitor/
flame-probe assembly), or if the flame goes out completely during the heat (flame) cycle, the
DSI module will attempt to reestablish a flame by going into a reignition cycle.
4) DSI Module
If there is some sort of operational interference in the DSI system, the DSI module (acting as the
“controller” for the system) will go into a “LOCKOUT” mode (where the L.E.D. indicator will
FLASH “GREEN” CONTINUOUSLY).
a) Operational interference is any adverse condition (whether internal or external) to the system.
(Electrical noise is considered external noise interference because it can cause the DSI module
to cycle erratically.)
NOTE: To reset the DSI module if it is in the “LOCKOUT” mode, “Burner Control Fault” will display.
To clear this fault press the “STOP/CLEAR” key.
If the gap, the alignment, and the position of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly are correct, if the
gas flow and pressure is constant and consistent, if there is no adverse air turbulence, and if the
DSI module remains in the “LOCKOUT” mode (where the L.E.D. indicator will FLASH
“GREEN” CONTINUOUSLY) then, there is a malfunction with the DSI module itself, and it
must be replaced.
NOTE: To reset the DSI module if it is in the “LOCKOUT” mode, “Ignitor Control Fault” will display.
To clear this fault press the “STOP/CLEAR” key.
5) Wiring
If the DSI module is in the “LOCKOUT” mode (where the L.E.D. indicator will FLASH “GREEN”
CONTINUOUSLY), and the mechanical components have been checked (i.e., the ignitor/flameprobe assembly, the gas valve, etc.), then, there may be a problem somewhere in the DSI system
wiring.
a) Check ALL the wiring within the DSI system, especially the ground connections at the DSI
module and the ignitor/flame-probe assembly.
NOTE: Check for any possible damage to the ceramic insulators on the ignitor electrode and the
flame-probe electrode of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly.
b) Make sure the flame-probe electrode of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly is positioned no more
than 1-inch (2.54 cm) maximum from the burner tube.
34
CAUTION: DO NOT LET THE IGNITOR/FLAME-PROBE ASSEMBLY TOUCH THE
BURNER TUBES; OTHERWISE THE ENTIRE ASSEMBLY WILL SHORT
OUT.
6) Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) 24 VAC Transformer
The DSI transformer is designed to step down the operating voltage of the dryer to 24 VAC. This
operates the DSI module. This transformer, like ALL transformers is two (2) sided...
a) Primary Side...
This is the incoming voltage side - 208 VAC, 230/240 VAC, 380 VAC, 416 VAC, 480 VAC - of
the transformer.
b) Secondary Side...
This is the step down side - 24 VAC - of the transformer. (If the dryer is above 240 VAC a
secondary voltage of 240 VAC will also be present.)
WARNING: 208 VAC and 230/240 VAC ARE NOT THE SAME. ALL voltage connections
should be checked and confirmed according to the foil data label provided with the
individual dryer. Any damage done to dryer components due to improper voltage
connections will automatically VOID THE WARRANTY.
IMPORTANT: The ADC Service Department must be contacted prior to any wiring changes or
conversions, because depending on the changes or conversions required some parts
might have to be added, deleted, or changed. When contacting the ADC Service
Department, they must be given the correct model number and serial number for
the dryers.
NOTE: Any wiring changes or conversions should be accomplished by a qualified electrical
technician.
35
4. Troubleshooting and System Detailed Diagnosis For ADC Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) Module P/N 128973
When the dryer calls for heat, 24 VAC from the step down transformer is applied to the “TH” and “GND”
terminals of the DSI module. The DSI module light emitting diode (L.E.D.) indicator will LIGHT “RED”
(for up to approximately 1.5-seconds [prepurge]) then the L.E.D. indicator will LIGHT “GREEN”; the gas
valve will be energized, and the spark burst will be evident (on) for approximately 8-seconds at the tip of the
electrode flame-probe assembly. The flame should now be established and confirmed. If a flame is not
sensed and confirmed by the ignitor/flame-probe sensor after the approximate 8-seconds spark burst, the
DSI module will go into the “LOCKOUT” mode and the L.E.D. will LIGHT “RED” CONTINUOUSLY.
THERE ARE NO RETRIES. “Burner Ignition Control Fault” will display. To clear this fault press the
“STOP/CLEAR” key.
If a flame has been established and confirmed and then lost, the DSI module L.E.D. indicator will continue
to LIGHT “GREEN” and immediately a spark will be evident (on) for approximately 8-seconds. The flame
should now be established and confirmed. If a flame is not sensed and confirmed by the ignitor/flameprobe sensor after the approximate 8-seconds spark burst, the DSI module will go into the “LOCKOUT”
mode and the L.E.D. will LIGHT “RED” CONTINUOUSLY. THERE ARE NO RETRIES.
a. System Diagnosis
1) Gas Pressure
A gas pressure test should be taken at the
gas valve pressure tap provided on every gas
valve to assure that the water column (W.C.)
pressure is correct and consistent.
There are two (2) types of devices commonly
used to measure water column pressure.
They are the spring and mechanical type
gauges and the water column test gauge
(manometers). The use of the spring and
mechanical type gauges is not recommended
because they are not always accurate. The
preferred type of gauge is the manometer
because it is a simple device to use and is
highly accurate. A manometer is simply a
glass or transparent plastic tube with a scale
graduated in inches. When it is filled with
water and pressure is applied, the water in
the inner tube lowers, showing the exact
water column pressure in inches.
WARNING: Test ALL connections for leaks by
brushing on a soapy water solution.
WARNING: NEVER TEST FOR LEAKS
WITH A FLAME!!!
36
a) Connect the water column (W.C.) test gauge (manometer) to the gas valve pressure tap (1/8”
N.P.T.). Refer to the illustration on the previous page (page 36).
b) Start the dryer...with the burner on, the correct water column pressure reading in inches should
be:
Natural Gas ------------------ 3.5 inches (8.7 mb) Water Column.
Liquid Propane (L.P.) Gas - 10.5 inches (26.1 mb) Water Column.
When a gas dryer is first started (during initial time of installation or start-up), it has a tendency
not to ignite on the first ignition attempt. This is due to the fact that the gas supply piping is filled
with air, so it may take a few minutes for the air to be purged from the supply lines. During this
purge period there may be insufficient gas pressure for ignition, which might cause the Direct
Spark Ignition (DSI) module to go into the “LOCKOUT” mode (the light emitting diode [L.E.D.]
will LIGHT “RED” CONTINUOUSLY).
NOTE: During the purge period, check to be sure that ALL shutoff valves are open.
NOTE: To reset the DSI module if it is in the “LOCKOUT” mode, “Burner Control Fault” will display.
To clear this fault press the “STOP/CLEAR” key.
c) If gas pressure is low, unscrew slotted regulator cover on top of the gas valve and turn regulator
(pressure) adjustment screw (located underneath the cover) clockwise (CW) to increase the
pressure.
2) Ignitor/Flame-Probe Assembly
The ignitor/flame-probe assembly consists of a ceramic insulated ignitor electrode, a ground rod, and
a ceramic insulated flame-probe electrode. The gap between the ignitor electrode and the ground
rod is set, and must be maintained at 1/8” +/- 1/32” (3.175 mm +/- 0.79248 mm). When the DSI
module provides the high synchronous spark (14,000 volts) through the high voltage (HV) lead, a
spark is produced over the gap. When this spark is produced, the gas valve is opened. Upon
ignition, the flame-probe electrode (of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly) has high voltage provided
to it that supplies a small current to ground through the flame. Once the current is sensed, it
initializes the DSI module to sustain the gas flow (from the gas valve).
IMPORTANT: THE GAP SETTING ON THE
IGNITOR/FLAME-PROBE
ASSEMBLY IS CRITICAL.
a) DSI Ignitor/Flame-Probe Assembly Adjustments
(1) The gap on the ignitor/flame-probe assembly
must be set, and held at 1/8” +/- 1/32” (3.175
mm +/- 0.79248 mm). If this gap is not
maintained (if the gap is either too large or
too small), the DSI module will indicate a
system malfunction and go into the
“LOCKOUT” mode (the L.E.D. will LIGHT
“RED” CONTINUOUSLY).
37
(a) To check and/or set the 1/8” (3.175 mm) gap, use a Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) gap
feeler gauge or similar device to determine gap size. DO NOT USE FEELER TO
SET THE GAP, USE IT ONLY TO DETERMINE THE SIZE OF THE GAP. If
an adjustment is necessary, bend the ground rod to achieve the correct gap, then recheck
the 1/8” (3.175 mm) gap with a feeler gauge.
(b) The alignment of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly in relation to the gap on the ignitor
electrode and ground rod must be maintained in as vertical (straight line) a position as
possible (refer to the illustration below) otherwise the DSI module will indicate a
system malfunction and go into the “LOCKOUT” mode (the light emitting diode [L.E.D.]
indicator will LIGHT “RED” CONTINUOUSLY).
(c) The positioning of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly is extremely important because it
provides the necessary feedback information to the DSI module. The flame-probe
electrode must be positioned 1/4” (6.35 mm) minimum into the flame path (refer to the
illustration below) and must be positioned 1-inch (2.54 cm) maximum from the burner
tube (refer to the illustration below) otherwise the DSI module will indicate a system
malfunction and go into the “LOCKOUT” mode (the L.E.D. indicator will LIGHT “RED”
CONTINUOUSLY).
NOTE: To reset the DSI module if it is in the “LOCKOUT” mode, “Burner Control Fault” will display.
To clear this fault press the “STOP/CLEAR” key.
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3) Air Turbulence
If there is sail switch flutter due to air turbulence or improper impellor (fan/blower) rotation or a
restriction in the exhaust ductwork, the Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module will cycle erratically.
This in turn might cause the DSI module to “LOCKOUT” (where the light emitting diode [L.E.D.]
indicator will LIGHT “RED” CONTINUOUSLY).
a) If air turbulence causes the flame to move away from the flame-probe electrode (of the ignitor/
flame-probe assembly), or if the flame goes out completely during the heat (flame) cycle, the
DSI module will attempt to reestablish a flame by going into a reignition cycle.
4) DSI Module
If there is some sort of operational interference in the DSI system, the DSI module (acting as the
“controller” for the system) will go into a “LOCKOUT” mode (where the L.E.D. indicator will
LIGHT “RED” CONTINUOUSLY).
a) Operational interference is any adverse condition (whether internal or external) to the system.
(Electrical noise is considered external noise interference because it can cause the DSI module
to cycle erratically.)
NOTE: To reset the DSI module if it is in the “LOCKOUT” mode, “Burner Control Fault” will display.
To clear this fault press the “STOP/CLEAR” key.
If the gap, the alignment, and the position of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly are correct, if the
gas flow and pressure is constant and consistent, if there is no adverse air turbulence, and if the
DSI module remains in the “LOCKOUT” mode (where the L.E.D. indicator will LIGHT “RED”
CONTINUOUSLY) then, there is a malfunction with the DSI module itself, and it must be
replaced.
NOTE: To reset the DSI module if it is in the “LOCKOUT” mode, “Ignitor Control Fault” will display.
To clear this fault press the “STOP/CLEAR” key.
5) Wiring
If the DSI module is in the “LOCKOUT” mode (where the L.E.D. indicator will LIGHT “RED”
CONTINUOUSLY), and the mechanical components have been checked (i.e., the ignitor/flameprobe assembly, the gas valve, etc.), then, there may be a problem somewhere in the DSI system
wiring.
a) Check ALL the wiring within the DSI system, especially the ground connections at the DSI
module and the ignitor/flame-probe assembly.
NOTE: Check for any possible damage to the ceramic insulators on the ignitor electrode and the
flame-probe electrode of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly.
b) Make sure the flame-probe electrode of the ignitor/flame-probe assembly is positioned no more
than 1-inch (2.54 cm) maximum from the burner tube.
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CAUTION: DO NOT LET THE IGNITOR/FLAME-PROBE ASSEMBLY TOUCH THE
BURNER TUBES; OTHERWISE THE ENTIRE ASSEMBLY WILL SHORT
OUT.
6) Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) 24 VAC Transformer
The DSI transformer is designed to step down the operating voltage of the dryer to 24 VAC. This
operates the DSI module. This transformer, like ALL transformers is two (2) sided...
a) Primary Side...
This is the incoming voltage side - 208 VAC, 230/240 VAC, 380 VAC, 416 VAC, 480 VAC - of
the transformer.
b) Secondary Side...
This is the step down side - 24 VAC - of the transformer. (If the dryer is above 240 VAC a
secondary voltage of 240 VAC will also be present.)
WARNING: 208 VAC and 230/240 VAC ARE NOT THE SAME. ALL voltage connections
should be checked and confirmed according to the foil data label provided with the
individual dryer. Any damage done to dryer components due to improper voltage
connections will automatically VOID THE WARRANTY.
IMPORTANT: The ADC Service Department must be contacted prior to any wiring changes or
conversions, because depending on the changes or conversions required some parts
might have to be added, deleted, or changed. When contacting the ADC Service
Department, they must be given the correct model number and serial number for
the dryers.
NOTE: Any wiring changes or conversions should be accomplished by a qualified electrical
technician.
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C. NATURAL GAS and LIQUID PROPANE (L.P.) GAS CONVERSION
INSTRUCTIONS
IMPORTANT: CONVERSION MUST BE PERFORMED BY COMPETENT TECHNICIANS
IN ACCORDANCE WITH LOCAL and STATE CODES.
NOTE: Converting the dryer to L.P. gas disables the internal regulator of the gas valve, therefore, an
external regulator must be provided at the source of the L.P. gas supply (L.P. tank) or the
dryer. The water column (W.C.) gas pressure must be regulated 10.5 inches (26.1 mb) for
safe and efficient dryer operation. Low, inconsistent, or too high a gas pressure will result in
improper operation of the dryer’s heat and safety circuits. POOR EFFICIENCY CAN
CREATE A POTENTIAL SAFETY HAZARD.
1. Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2. Close ALL gas shutoff valves in the dryer’s gas supply line.
Turn the gas cock dial to the off position on the gas valve.
3. Disconnect the gas valve wiring.
Be sure to identify the correct location of each wire for correct reinstallation.
4. Disconnect union connection in the gas supply line.
IMPORTANT: Pipe joint compounds that resist the action of natural gas and L.P. gas must be used.
5. Loosen and remove the screws from the brackets holding the gas valve/manifold assembly to the burner
box.
6. Remove the gas valve and manifold assembly from the dryer.
7. Unscrew the main burner orifices and replace them with the L.P. orifices provided.
NOTE: Use extreme care when handling (removing or replacing) orifices. THESE ORIFICES ARE
MADE OF BRASS and CAN BE EASILY DAMAGED.
8. Remove the two (2) screws on the gas valve regulator.
Remove the regulator and the gasket.
9. Install the new gasket and L.P. regulator.
Replace the two (2) screws.
NOTE: USE ONLY NEW PARTS PROVIDED.
10. Place the L.P. conversion labels on the gas valve.
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11. Reverse the procedure for reinstalling the gas valve/manifold assembly to the dryer.
12. Open ALL gas shutoff valves (closed in Step #2).
13. Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
a. Test ALL connections for leaks.
IMPORTANT: Test ALL connections for leaks by brushing on a soapy water solution (liquid
detergent works well).
WARNING: NEVER TEST FOR LEAKS WITH A FLAME!!!
14. Operate the dryer through one (1) complete cycle to insure proper operation.
D. STEAM COIL SYSTEM OPERATION
General Overview
The steam coil is constantly charged thereby eliminating repeated expansion and contraction and also provides
instant heating to start the drying process. The steam damper, located on top of the steam coil, is the only
temperature controlling device in this system. When the steam damper is open, ambient air is drawn through the
coil providing heat to the dryer. When the steam damper is closed, ambient air is drawn directly into the basket
(tumbler), bypassing the coil, allowing a rapid cool down.
NOTE: With the dryer off or no air supply to the damper piston, the damper is in the “Cool Down”
mode...the coil is constantly charged.
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1. Steam Coil PH Level
The normal PH level for copper type steam coils must be maintained between a value of 8.5 to 9.5. For
steel type steam coils the PH level must be maintained between a value of 9.5 to 10.5. These limits are set
to limit the acid attack of the steam coils.
IMPORTANT: Coil failure due to improper PH level will VOID THE WARRANTY.
2. Steam Damper Actuator System
The steam damper actuator system consists of a hinged damper plate, pneumatic piston, and a 24 volt
solenoid valve with a needle valve to control the speed of the piston actuation.
On a call for heat, a 24 volt signal is applied to the 3-way/2-position solenoid valve. This signal switches the
valve so that compressed air is sent to the piston. The piston rod extends, pushing the hinged steam damper
plate to the open position. This allows room air to be drawn through the hot steam coil and then through the
basket (tumbler).
When the temperature set point has been reached, the 24 volt signal is removed from the solenoid valve, so
that the solenoid valve blocks the air supply to the piston, and air in the piston is bled to the atmosphere. The
spring in the piston now retracts the piston rod, closing the steam damper. The steam damper plate now
covers the steam coil and allows room air to bypass the coil before entering the basket (tumbler) for a rapid
cool down.
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The steam damper plate should open and close slowly and smoothly. The speed can be modulated by
adjusting the needle valve knob. Turning the knob clockwise (CW) restricts the compressed airflow and
slows the steam damper movement. Counterclockwise (CCW) adjustment speeds up the steam damper
motion. Upon completion of the adjustment, tighten the needle valve’s locking nut.
3. Steam Damper Actuator System Service and Replacement
a. Steam Damper Cylinder or Piston Replacement
1) Disconnect compressed air supply from the dryer.
2) Disconnect tubing from the piston.
3) Remove the spring clip from clevis pin then slide out the clevis pin.
4) Remove the steam damper cylinder (piston).
5) To install new steam damper cylinder (piston), reverse above procedure (Step #4 thru Step #1).
b. Steam Solenoid Valve Replacement
1) Disconnect compressed air supply from the dryer.
2) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
3) Disconnect wires in junction box.
4) Remove tubing from the inlet side of the valve.
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5) Remove the valve from the bracket.
6) Unscrew the valve from the outlet side.
7) To install new steam solenoid valve, reverse above procedure (Step #6 thru Step #1).
c. Needle Valve Replacement
1) Disconnect compressed air
supply from the dryer.
2) Remove tubing from the valve.
3) Unscrew needle valve from the
solenoid valve.
4) To install new needle valve, reverse above
procedure (Step #3 thru Step #1).
d. Steam Coil Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Disconnect compressed air supply from the dryer.
3) Shut off ALL steam supply lines and steam return valves that feed the steam coil.
4) Wait a sufficient amount of time until ALL of the steam lines and the steam coil are cool.
5) Open 1/2” (12.7 mm) plug on the return line to bleed off any residual steam pressure.
CAUTION: MAKE CERTAIN THAT THE ENTIRE STEAM SYSTEM (coil, lines, valves,
etc.) ARE COOLED TO AVOID HOT STEAM ESCAPING and TO AVOID
PERSONAL INJURY.
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6) Remove steam coil damper cylinder (piston).
7) Remove the steam coil damper by unbolting from its hinges.
8) Disconnect steam supply lines and steam return lines at the unions.
9) Remove the remaining piping from the steam coil.
10) Remove ALL of the panels surrounding the steam coil.
11) Unbolt the steam coil and remove.
WARNING: The steam coil is heavy. A crane may be needed to remove (and install) the steam coil.
12) Remove the steam coil damper hinges from the old coil and install them on the new steam coil.
13) Hoist the new steam coil into place and bolt down.
14) Replace ALL of the panels removed in Step #10.
15) Reinstall ALL of the piping removed from the old steam coil in Step #9.
NOTE: Thread sealant certified for steam piping must be applied to the threads.
16) Reconnect ALL of the piping (supply lines and return lines) disconnected in Step #8.
17) Reinstall steam damper cylinder (piston) removed in Step #6.
18) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
19) Close the 1/2” (12.7 mm) plug which was opened in Step #5.
WARNING: THE 1/2” (12.7 MM) PLUG MUST BE CLOSED BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO
APPLY ANY STEAM PRESSURE.
20) Slowly open the return line then slowly open the supply line.
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E. SPRINKLER SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
The sprinkler system is monitored by a microprocessor based temperature controller as a designated “FAILSAFE.” The microprocessor circuit must have power in order to engage main power to the dryer. When
cycling the dryer, if temperature at the resistive temperature device (RTD) reaches 575º F (301.6º C), one (1) set
of contacts in the controller will open, disabling the power (electric supply) to the dryer. Another set of contacts
will close, sounding the alarm and turning on the sprinkler.
NOTE: The sprinkler as well as the alarm will remain on until the “amber” colored sprinkler reset
button is pressed and the temperature in the basket (tumbler) falls below 575º F (301.6 º C).
1. Description Of Components
a. Resistive Temperature Device (RTD)
The RTD is located above the basket (tumbler).
The probe is a 100 ohm (100 Ω) platinum RTD.
As the temperature increases or decreases the
resistance value corresponds to the ambient
temperature (i.e., 100 Ω = 32º F [0º C]...109 Ω =
75º F [24º C]).
b. Sprinkler Valve
The sprinkler valve is a 2-way, air piloted, normally
closed valve. With pilot air pressure applied, the
valve opens allowing water to flow.
c. Sprinkler Solenoid Valve
The sprinkler solenoid valve is a 3-way/2-position
solenoid valve that is used to supply pilot air to
the sprinkler valve.
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d. Sprinkler Digital Temperature Controller
The sprinkler digital temperature controller is a programmable
microprocessor used to monitor temperatures via a resistive
temperature device (RTD).
NOTE: Operating parameters are preset at the factory and
should not require any adjustment.
2. Sprinkler System Operation
NOTE: Refer to the ladder diagram provided with the dryer for
specific relay logic.
Master Relay - The coil in this relay must be
energized in order to close the
contacts needed to supply power to
the dryer’s control system.
Relay 1 - The coil in this relay energizes if the set
point is reached closing Contact 1 and
Contact 2. Contact 1 latches Relay 1 on.
Contact 2 closes, turning on the sprinkler,
the horn, and the reset button light. Relay
1 will remain energized until the reset button
is pushed.
Relay 2 - The coil in this relay energizes if the set
point is reached closing Contact 3, deenergizing the Master Relay, and shutting
power off to the dryer. Relay 2 will remain
energized until the reset button is pushed.
NOTE: The sprinkler system will remain on until
the basket (tumbler) temperature falls
below the set point, and the reset button
is manually activated.
3. Sprinkler System Component Replacement
a. RTD Replacement
1) Turn the water supply to the dryer off.
2) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
3) Remove the 1/4” compression fitting.
4) Remove the two (2) screws from the junction box cover.
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MAN3488
5) Remove the wires of the resistive temperature device (RTD) from the terminal strip.
NOTE: Identify the wires removed for proper reinstallation.
6) Loosen the cord grip cap.
7) Remove RTD.
8) To install new RTD, reverse above procedure (Step #7 thru Step #1).
b. Sprinkler Valve Replacement
1) Turn the water supply to the dryer off.
2) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
3) Disconnect compressed air supply from the dryer.
4) Loosen and remove the hose clamp.
5) Remove any residual water to the valve.
6) Remove 1/4” air tubing going to the valve.
7) Remove the two (2) U-bolts holding the sprinkler valve assembly.
8) Unscrew the sprinkler valve from the tubing.
9) To install new sprinkler valve, reverse above procedure (Step #8 thru Step #1).
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WARNING: THE SPRINKLER CIRCUIT HAS A SEPARATE POWER SUPPLY (than the power
supply for the dryer). DISCONNECT and LOCKOUT BOTH POWER
SUPPLIES BEFORE SERVICING THE DRYER.
c. 3 HP (2.24 kw) Control Relay Replacement
1) Mark and identify the wires that will be removed for proper reinstallation.
2) Press down on the control relay and lift the bottom out and up to remove from the din rail.
3) Remove the wires.
4) Replace the faulty control relay.
5) Replace the wires removed from Step #3.
NOTE: Make sure wires are properly reinstalled using identifying markings from Step #1.
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6) Mount the top of the control relay to the top of the din rail, then press down and snap the bottom into
the rail.
Set the overload to the setting specified on the dryer blueprints.
7) Inspect the work performed before reestablishing power (electrical power) to the dryer.
8) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
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52
F. TILTING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
The tilting system in the dryer, whether it is 1-way tilt or
2-way tilt, is controlled by the TSX-07 programmable logic
controller (PLC). The PLC will determine if the dryer is safe
to tilt based on inputs from several sources. If ALL conditions
are met, the PLC will send a signal to the tilt relays, which
energize the appropriate tilt solenoid valve. Compressed air
is then allowed to enter the cylinders raising the basket
(tumbler).
53
1. Tilting Solenoid Valve
The dryer uses a 3-position/4-way/5-port, spring centering double solenoid valve. With no power applied to
either solenoid, the valve is in a spring centered blocked post state. In this mode, the dryer’s tilting pistons
will remain in their present state, not being able to exhaust air or receive air. When the left solenoid is
energized with 24 VAC, the pilot air pushes the shuttle to the right enabling air to flow into the #2 port and
exhausts #4 port. On 2-way tilt models, this is dependent on a supply of external pilot air from the #4 port
of the opposite solenoid valve. When the right solenoid of the valve is energized, air flows through the #4
port and the #2 port exhausts the pilot air, the right side of the valve is always internal pilot.
The tilting solenoid valve has two (2) mufflers. The air is exhausted through these mufflers thereby quieting
the airflow.
2. Tilting Pistons
The tilting piston is a double acting cylinder that has a 5-inch (12.7 cm) bore and a 14-inch (35.56 cm) stroke.
When air is applied to the bottom port of the cylinder, the piston begins to extend and air is exhausted through
the top port. Then, if air is applied to the top port, the bottom port will exhaust the air, which will cause the
piston to retract.
3. Tilting System Component Replacement
CAUTION: NEVER SERVICE PNEUMATIC COMPONENTS WITH COMPRESSED AIR
CONNECTED. SERIOUS INJURY MAY RESULT.
54
a. Tilting Solenoid Replacement
1) Engage “EMERGENCY STOP” (E-Stop)...
Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove panel covering the pneumatic controls.
3) Label the solenoid plugs as an aid when reconnecting.
4) Loosen screws from the solenoid plug.
5) Remove the solenoid plug (take notice of the gaskets).
6) Remove the E-clip by gently prying off.
7) Slide tilting solenoid valve up off of the post.
8) To install new tilting solenoid valve, reverse above procedure (Step #7 thru Step #1).
b. Tilting Solenoid Valve Replacement
1) Disconnect compressed air supply from the dryer.
2) Tilt, then level the dryer to exhaust as much air as possible.
3) Disengage “EMERGENCY STOP” (E-Stop)...
Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
4) Label the solenoid plugs and air lines as an aid when reconnecting.
5) Loosen screws from the solenoid plug.
6) Remove the solenoid plug (take notice of the gaskets). Refer to the illustration on page 57.
7) Loosen compression fittings on the air lines...
Disconnect the three (3) air lines.
8) Remove the two (2) 1/4-20 hex head bolts that mount the solenoid valve. (Refer to the illustration
on page 57.)
9) Remove the three (3) 3/8” straight connectors. (Refer to the illustration on page 57.)
Reinstall these connectors on the new solenoid valve body.
55
10) Remove the two (2) 3/8” mufflers. (Refer to the illustration on page 57.)
Reinstall these mufflers on the new solenoid valve body.
11) The left orifice (marked #12 on the tilting solenoid valve) now must be configured for external pilot.
NOTE: For 1-way tilt models proceed to Step #23.
12) Remove the two (2) Phillips head screws.
13) Carefully remove the end of the valve.
NOTE: The pieces within the end of the valve are small. Handle carefully to avoid losing parts.
14) Place the solenoid plug over the pilot orifice position of the solenoid valve end.
15) Place the O-Ring (from Step #13) into the top portion of the solenoid valve end.
16) Place end back onto the valve removed in Step #13.
17) Replace the two (2) Phillips head screws removed in Step #12.
18) Remove Allen plug on the left side of the orifice marked #12 on the tilting solenoid valve.
19) Remove the pilot air’s 1/4” compression fitting.
20) Remove the pilot air’s 1/8” elbow.
Reinstall the elbow onto the new solenoid valve body.
21) Reconnect the three (3) air lines removed in Step #7.
Tighten/secure compression fittings on the air lines loosened in Step #7.
22) Bolt the solenoid valve in place using the two (2) 1/4-20 hex head bolts removed in Step #8.
23) Reconnect the three (3) air line compression fittings.
24) Reestablish the compressed air supply to the dryer.
25) Check for leaks.
26) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
27) Engage “EMERGENCY STOP” (E-Stop) disengaged in Step #3.
56
c. Tilting Piston Replacement
1) Disconnect compressed air supply from the dryer.
2) Tilt, then level the dryer to exhaust as much air as possible.
3) Disengage “EMERGENCY STOP” (E-Stop)...
Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
4) Remove the six (6) screws holding the piston cover plate.
5) Label the air lines as an aid when reconnecting.
6) Loosen the 3/8” compression fittings...
Remove the air lines.
7) Remove the 3/8” straight connector.
8) Remove the 3/8” elbow.
57
9) Carefully remove the E-clips from the clevis pins.
10) Remove clevis pins.
11) Loosen the bottom setscrew in the piston rod eye.
12) Unscrew the piston rod eye from the tilting piston.
13) To install new tilting piston, reverse above procedure (Step #12 thru Step #1).
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G. AIR JET ASSEMBLY
1. Air Jet Assembly Description
The air jet assembly is located in the left front base of the dryer. The air jet is designed to operate at the end
of each cycle for 30-seconds, to remove lint which may have accumulated on the blower (impellor) fan
blades. This function will be interrupted if the main door or lint drawer is opened before the air jet cycle is
complete.
2. Air Jet Component Replacement
a. 3-Way Pressure Valve Replacement - 24 VAC
1) Disconnect compressed air supply from the dryer.
2) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
3) Remove the 1/4” x 1/8” M.P.T. connection from the 3-way pressure valve body.
4) Remove the two (2) #10-16 x 1/2” hex head TEK crimptite screws.
59
5) Remove the valve support.
6) Remove the two (2) #6-32 x 1” hex head machine bolts by removing the two (2) #6 hex nuts and the
two (2) #6 star washers.
7) To install new air jet assembly, reverse above procedure (Step #6 thru Step #1).
b. Pneumatic Valve Muffler Replacement
1) Disconnect compressed air supply from the dryer.
2) Remove damaged or nonfunctional muffler (silencer) from valve body.
3) Replace muffler (silencer) by threading into valve body (snug fit).
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H. BLOWER (Squirrel Cage Fan) MOTOR ASSEMBLY
1. Blower (Squirrel Cage Fan) Motor Description
The dryer uses a 22-1/4” (56.51cm) diameter, blower (squirrel cage fan) wheel. It spins (turns) in a
counterclockwise (CCW) direction when looking at the back of the blower housing.
The blower (squirrel cage fan) shaft is mounted in two (2) pillow block bearings, and the shaft is driven by
two (2) B-section V-belts connected to the blower motor.
The blower (drive) motor is mounted on an adjustable base. The motor position can be easily adjusted so
that the proper tension can be maintained on the V-belts.
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2. Blower (Squirrel Cage Fan) Motor Component Replacement
a. Blower (Squirrel Cage Fan) Motor Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Mark and identify the wires that will be removed for proper reinstallation.
3) Loosen the bolts from the motor to the motor base...
a) Slide the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor forward.
b) Remove the V-belts.
c) Remove loosened bolts.
4) Remove the bolts from the bushing.
5) Insert bolts into the threaded holes.
6) Tighten the bolts evenly for motor pulley removal.
7) Mark the inside of the motor’s shaft before removing the bushing.
8) Loosen the setscrews on the bushing.
9) Remove the bushing.
10) Measure the mark on the shaft (from Step #7) to the end of the shaft and mark the new motor’s
shaft.
11) Slide the motor pulley on to the new blower (squirrel cage fan) motor’s shaft.
12) Slide the bushing on to the shaft until the inside of the bushing meets the mark (from Step #11) on the
new motor’s shaft.
13) Tighten and secure the setscrews on the bushing.
14) Insert bolts into the large holes on the bushing and
thread them into the motor pulley.
15) Tighten the bolts evenly for motor pulley installation.
16) Align the pulleys.
17) Tighten (hand tight only) the bolts from the new
motor to the motor base...
Leave enough movement for V-belt adjustment.
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18) Replace the V-belts...
a) Adjust to proper tension by adjusting position of the new blower (squirrel cage fan) motor.
b) Align the V-belts.
19) Tighten and secure the new motor to the motor base.
20) Rewire the new blower (squirrel cage fan) motor in the same order as the wiring from the motor that
was removed.
A wiring diagram is usually affixed to the side of the motor.
21) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
b. Pillow Block Bearing with Shroud Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove the bolts securing the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor.
a) Slide the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor forward.
3) Remove the V-belts from the motor pulley and the pulley on the fan (blower) shaft assembly.
4) Move the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor so as to be able to remove the fan (blower) shaft bearing
mount assembly.
5) Remove the bolts securing the blower (squirrel cage fan) shaft bearing mount assembly.
a) Slide the fan shaft assembly with the fan (squirrel cage fan) backwards.
6) Remove the two (2) left hand jam nuts and the washer.
7) Remove the blower (squirrel cage fan) and the 1/4” x 1/4” x 1-3/4” (6.35 mm x 6.35 mm x 4.45 cm)
key.
8) Remove the four (4) bolts securing the pillow block bearing with shroud.
9) Remove the squirrel cage fan shaft assembly from the squirrel cage fan shaft bearing mount assembly...
a) Remove the pillow block on the squirrel cage fan side of the fan shaft by loosening the setscrews
on the pillow block bearing.
10) To remove the pillow block bearing on the pulley side of the fan shaft the pulley must be removed
first...
a) Remove the bolts from the bushing.
b) Insert bolts into the threaded holes.
c) Mark the inside of the motor shaft before removing the bushing.
63
d) Loosen the setscrews on the bushing.
e) Remove the bushing and the pulley.
11) Remove the pillow block bearing with shroud by removing the setscrew.
12) Replace the pillow block bearing with shroud on to the fan shaft...
a) Secure the fan (blower) shaft bearing mount assembly.
b) Tighten and secure the setscrews in the pillow block bearing with shroud.
NOTE: Make certain that the squirrel cage fan (impellor/blower) can spin freely.
13) Reinstall the bushing and the pulley.
a) Line up the bushing to the mark on the motor shaft and tighten and secure the setscrew.
b) Reinstall the bolts into the original holes and tighten evenly for correct pulley installation.
14) Reposition the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor to its original position...
a) Tighten (hand tight only) the bolts into the motor and the motor base.
b) Slide the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor forward.
Align the pulleys before installing the V-belts.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN V-BELTS.
15) When V-belts are properly tensioned, tighten and secure the motor to the motor base.
16) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
c. Squirrel Cage Fan (Impellor) Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove the bolts securing the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor.
3) Remove the V-belts.
4) Slide the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor to the side.
5) Remove the bolts from the blower (squirrel cage fan) shaft bearing mount assembly.
a) Slide the blower (squirrel cage fan) shaft bearing mount assembly backwards.
6) Remove the two (2) left hand jam nuts and the washer.
64
7) Remove the 1/4” x 1/4” x 1-3/4” (6.35 mm x 6.35 mm x 4.45 cm) key on the blower (squirrel cage
fan) shaft.
a) Slide the blower (squirrel cage fan) off of the shaft.
NOTE: Install this 1/4” x 1/4” x 1-3/4” (6.35 mm x 6.35 mm x 4.45 cm) key to the fan shaft before
installing the new blower (squirrel cage fan).
8) To install the new blower (squirrel cage fan), reverse above procedure (Step #7 thru Step #1).
d. V-belt Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Loosen the bolts securing the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor.
a) Ease off on the tension bolt.
3) Slide the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor forward.
4) Remove and replace V-belts.
5) Tighten and secure the tension bolt.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN V-BELTS.
6) Using a straight edge, make certain that the motor pulley and V-belts are aligned straight.
7) Tighten and secure bolts from motor to motor base.
8) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
e. Fan (Impellor) Shaft Replacement
The procedure to replace the fan shaft is the same procedure used to replace the pillow block bearing
with shroud (refer to page 63 and page 64).
3. Blower (Squirrel Cage Fan) Electrical Components
a. Blower (Squirrel Cage Fan) Controls and Overloads
1) Thermal Magnetic Starter (T.M.S.)
The T.M.S. is used as a safety device to protect the motor from starting in a locked rotor condition.
The overload has a dial setting on the face of the device. To set the overload, refer to your specific
electrical diagrams. The overload is specifically designed for motor applications. It has a current
curve built into it so the initial high current draw by the motor will not trip the overload. On the face
of the overload, there are two (2) push buttons - “START” (black or tan - 1) and “STOP” (red - 0)the overload has to be in the “START” mode for the motor to run.
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a) Thermal Magnetic Starter (T.M.S.) Replacement
(1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
(2) Mark L1, L2, L3, and T1, T2, T3 on the wires to the T.M.S. for correct replacement.
(3) Set the amp rating on the T.M.S. according to the manufacturer’s electrical schematic on
the new thermal magnetic starter.
(4) To remove the T.M.S., pull the tab on the bottom and lift upward.
(5) To install the new T.M.S., reverse above procedure (Step #4 thru Step #2).
(6) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
66
2) Auxiliary Contact Block
The Auxiliary Contact Block is mounted on the side of the overload. Its function is to sense an
overload trip, thereby triggering a safety fault, which will disable the drying cycle. An “Overload
Fault” message will appear on the light emitting diode (L.E.D.) display on the Phase 7 microprocessor
controller (computer).
a) Auxiliary Contact Block Replacement
(1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
(2) Remove the thermal magnetic starter (T.M.S.) from the din rail by pulling the tab on the
bottom of the contact block and lifting upward.
(3) Remove the two (2) wires going to the auxiliary contact block and label for correct
reinstallation.
(4) There are two (2) types of auxiliary contact blocks...one (1) with a screw and the other with
a clip...
To remove the style with the screw from the T.M.S. simply remove the screw.
To remove the style with a clip simply push in the clip and remove.
(5) To install new auxiliary contact block, reverse above procedure (Step #4 thru Step #1).
3) Varistor (Metal Oxide Varistor [MOV])
The varistor is used to suppress any inductive electrical spikes produced by the energizing and
collapsing of the coil voltage.
a) Varistor Replacement
(1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
(2) Loosen the screws marked A1 and A2 on the contactor.
(3) Remove the varistor.
(4) Verify that no additional wires were inadvertently removed.
(5) Reverse procedure to install new varistor.
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I. FILTER/REGULATOR ASSEMBLY
The purpose of the filter is to remove bulk liquids and solid particles from the compressed air stream. The filter
element provides mechanical separation of solids. Centrifugal force inside the filter bowl separates bulk liquids
and larger solid particles.
The filter consists of a louver, which causes a centrifugal spinning action to separate contaminants. A filter, which
mechanically separates contaminants is also present. The filter bowl collects the contaminants and a baffle
prevents turbulence from picking up contaminants at the bottom of the bowl and returning them to the air stream.
1. Filter Maintenance
a. To remove filter element...
Twist the filter bowl 1/8 turn clockwise (CW).
Then pull the bowl down to expose the filter element.
To remove the filter element, unscrew the baffle
(this will allow element removal).
b. To clean filter element...
The filter element can be cleaned with soap and
water.
NOTE: When replacing the filter element bowl, care
must be taken to ensure that the O-Ring
does not get pinched.
2. Regulator Operation
FILTER/REGULATOR
The adjustment knob simply acts upon a spring rest located on the spring and directly compresses the spring
as it is adjusted. A non-rising low torque adjustment screw is used on this type of filter and regulator. The
upper spring rest is located on top of the regulator spring and transmits force from the adjustment screw to
the spring. Regulators use simple wire coil springs for controlling the downstream regulator pressure. The
bonnet houses the adjustment spring and is used to help retain the diaphragm. The diaphragm moves up
when the downstream pressure reaches its preset pressure level, which in turn closes the valve. A selfrelieving regulator is designed to automatically relieve overpressure in the secondary side of the regulator.
NOTE: THIS SELF-RELIEVING FEATURE IS NOT DESIGNED TO BLEED THE
DOWNSTREAM PRESSURE.
Dryer must be provided with a clean, dry, and regulated 80 PSI +/- 10 PSI (5.51 bars +/- 0.68 bars) air
supply (equivalent volume = 11 cfh [0.31 cmh]).
The regulator should be set at 80 PSI +/- 10 PSI (5.51 bars +/- 0.68 bars). To set pressure, pull the
adjusting knob up and either turn the knob clockwise (CW) to increase the pressure or counterclockwise
(CCW) to decrease the pressure.
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J. DOOR SYSTEMS
The dryer utilizes two (2) styles of doors, which are manual doors and pneumatic automatic doors.
1. Manual Door Description
The manual doors run on a single aluminum track with a wheel assembly mounted above the doors and a
channel with Teflon® strips mounted on the bottom of the doors...
a. For dryers manufactured as of October 19, 1999, there are trolley bolts located at the top of the doors to
secure the doors onto the track.
In the center portion on the top of the doors there is a magnet used in conjunction with proximity sensors,
which are mounted above the doors.
2. Pneumatic Automatic Door Description/Operation
a. Description
The pneumatic automatic doors run on a single aluminum track mounted above the doors and a split
track mounted on the bottom of the doors. The doors are held on the track by four (4) stainless steel
wheel assemblies; two (2) are located on the top of the doors and two (2) are located on the bottom of
the doors. Additionally, in the center portion on the top of the doors there is a magnet used in conjunction
with proximity sensors, which are mounted above the doors.
b. Operation
There are two (2) 1-inch (2.54 cm) bore x 18-3/8” (46.67 cm) stroke cable cylinders attached to the top
of the doors to pneumatically open and close the doors. When air is applied into the outside ports of
these cable cylinders the doors will open. If air is applied into the inside ports of these cable cylinders the
doors will close. On each of the 4-ports is a flow control valve used for adjusting the opening and closing
speeds of the doors. These flow controls only vary the speed in the exhaust direction. Air to the cable
cylinders is supplied through a 4-way valve. When 24 VAC is applied to the valve, the doors open...if no
power is applied, the doors close. A 3-way valve is used to supply air to the 4-way valve.
If the “EMERGENCY STOP” (E-Stop) is engaged, the air is automatically exhausted so that the doors
can be opened manually.
1) In a 2 door application, there are two (2) additional cable cylinders and a 4-way valve added for the
operation of the rear doors.
69
3. Door Component Replacement and Removal
a. Manual Door Replacement or Removal
1) Discontinue electrical power to the
dryer.
2) Remove the two (2) 1/4-20 x 1/2” bolts
from each side of the middle guard and
then remove the guard.
3) Loosen the jam nut and screw down
the trolley adjustment bolts.
4) Lift the door(s) off of the track(s) and
remove.
5) To install new manual door(s) or to reinstall manual door(s), reverse above procedure (Step #3 thru
Step #1).
MANUAL DOORS
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b. Pneumatic Automatic Door Replacement or Removal
AUTOMATIC DOORS
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove the two (2) 1/4-20 x 1/2” bolts from each side of the middle guard and then remove the
guard.
3) Remove the three (3) 1/4-20 x 3/4” bolts from the bottom guard.
Remove the bottom guard.
4) Remove the two (2) #8-32 x 3/4” screws on each door that connect/attach the cable cylinder to the
door.
5) Remove the two (2) 1/4-20 x 1-1/4” hex head machine screws that hold the wheels on...
a) Take notice of the wheel assembly configuration.
6) Lift the doors off of the track and remove.
7) To install new pneumatic automatic doors or to reinstall pneumatic automatic doors, reverse above
procedure (Step #6 thru Step #1).
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c. Cable Cylinder Replacement or Removal
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove the two (2) 1/4-20 x 1/2” bolts from each side of the middle guard. (Refer to the illustration
on page 70.)
Remove the middle guard.
3) Disconnect the cables in the top of the electrical panel.
4) Remove the hardware from the top guard.
Remove the top guard.
5) Remove the two (2) #8-32 x 3/4” screws on each door that attach the cable cylinder to the door.
6) Remove the four (4) #8-32 x 2-1/2” screws that hold each cable cylinder.
7) Remove the flow control valve...
a) The flow control valve has a quick disconnect on the poly-flo tubing side...
Push the tubing in while holding in the quick disconnect on the flow control valve, then pull the
tubing out.
8) To install new cable cylinder(s) or reinstall cable cylinder(s), reverse above procedure (Step #7 thru
Step #1).
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d. Proximity Switch Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove the two (2) 1/4-20 x 1/2” bolts from
each side of the middle guard and then
remove the guard.
3) Remove the three (3) 1/4-20 x 3/4” bolts from
the bottom guard.
Take notice of the depth of the proximity
switch.
4) Unscrew and remove the nut that is on the
bottom of the proximity switch.
5) Install new proximity switch.
6) Set gap between the proximity switch and
the magnet at 3/16” +/- 1/32” (4.7625 mm
+/- 0.79248 mm).
7) Reinstall middle guard and secure with the
bolts removed in Step #2.
8) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
e. Right Load Door Glass (Window) Replacement
1) Remove ALL of the old silicone from around
the door glass.
2) Clean glass door opening (with alcohol) to
remove ALL foreign residue.
3) Carefully clean new door glass with alcohol
prior to installation.
4) Apply a bead of silicone (ADC Part No.
170730) to the outer perimeter of the door
glass opening.
Carefully insert new door glass within door
glass opening.
5) Allow a full 72 hours for the silicone to cure.
6) Trim excess silicone (with razor blade) after
cure time.
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f. 4-Way Valve, 3-Way Valve, and Supply Air Disable Valve Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power
to the dryer.
2) Disconnect compressed air
supply from the dryer.
3) Remove the 1/4-20 selftapping screws securing the
pneumatic panel cover.
4) Remove the two (2) 1/4-20
screws securing the junction
box cover.
5) Loosen the cord grip cap that
the valve wire goes through.
6) Loosen the appropriate wire
on the terminal strip.
Identify these wires and make note of their placement.
7) Loosen the bolts holding the assembly to the pneumatic panel.
(For 3-way valve/supply air disable valve replacement proceed to Step #13.)
8) Remove the two (2) 1/4” poly x 1/8” M.P.T. connectors from the valve body.
9) Twist/remove the 4-way valve body off of the 1/8” street elbow.
10) Remove the muffler (silencer) off of the valve body.
11) To install new 4-way valve, reverse above procedure (Step #10 thru Step #1).
12) Remove the 1/4 poly x 1/8” M.P.T. connector.
13) Remove the 3-way valve and supply air, disable the valve from the 1/8” M.P.T. nipple.
14) Remove the muffler (silencer) off of the valve body.
15) To install new 3-way valve and supply air disable valve, reverse (Step #14, 13, 12, and Step #7
thru Step #1).
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K. CONTROL and ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Ladder Diagram
75
76
CAUTION: When servicing the HIGH VOLTAGE (HV) section of the dryer, the
ELECTRICAL POWER MUST BE DISABLED. THE “EMERGENCY STOP”
(E-Stop) BUTTON DOES NOT DISABLE THE HIGH VOLTAGE TO THE
DRYER.
1. Control/Electrical System Description
a. 3-Phase (3ø) Electrical Power
The 3-phase (3ø) electrical power for the dryer enters the dryer through the power distribution block
located in the dryer base electrical box. It is then distributed to the blower (impellor/fan) motor, drive
(basket [tumbler]) motor, and transfer circuits.
1) Blower (Squirrel Cage Fan) Motor
The blower (squirrel cage fan) motor circuit consists of a blower motor thermal magnetic overload.
The overload current is adjustable by a dial located on the face of the overload. (Refer to the
electrical specification diagram supplied with the dryer for correct current setting.)
Attached to the thermal magnetic starter (T.M.S.) is an auxiliary contact used to sense an overload
trip. This produces a safety error so the dryer service is disabled (the dryer will not start).
In series with the thermal magnetic overload is the blower motor contactor. This device enables the
supply voltage to reach the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor. The blower motor contactor is controlled
by the Phase 7 microprocessor controller (computer). (Refer to Section b-1 on page 79 for
microprocessor controller [computer] information.) When 24 VAC is applied to coil A1-A2, the
contactor closes and enables the circuit.
The blower (squirrel cage fan) motor used for gas and steam model dryers is 15/25 HP (11.18 -18.64
kw). The motor wiring configuration is dependent on the specific voltage of the dryer. When wiring
the motor, refer to the motor nameplate.
2) Drive (Basket [Tumbler]) Motor
The drive (basket [tumbler]) motor converts the 3-phase (3ø) power source entering the drive motor
thermal magnetic overload. The overload current is adjustable by a dial located on the face of the
overload. (Refer to the electrical specification diagram supplied with the dryer for correct current
setting.) In this circuit, the drive motor contactor follows the thermal magnetic overload.
The drive motor has two (2) separate sets of coils and two (2) separate sets of contacts. One (1) of
these sets is for forward basket (tumbler) and drum rotation and the other for reverse basket (tumbler)
and drum rotation. The thermal magnetic overloads and the contactors are located in the left hand
electrical cabinet. The direction of the drive motor is determined by the phases going into the motor
(i.e., in a reverse direction phase, L1 and L2 are switched). When viewing this contactor, the left
hand block connections are for the forward rotation direction (clockwise [CW]) when viewed from
the front of the dryer.
The drive (basket [tumbler]) motor is a 7-1/2 HP (5.59 kw) motor. Refer to the motor nameplate for
specific terminal box wiring.
77
3) 24 VAC Transformer
The 24 VAC transformer consists of Circuit Breaker (CB5), which is the primary fusing for the
transformer. For the proper rating of this circuit breaker refer to the specific electric diagram. The
transformer is located in the right hand electrical cabinet.
Dryer models with an optional Sprinkler System have an energizing stop relay, which will disable
the dryer functions (shut the dryer down) in the event of a fire. IF THE SPRINKLER SYSTEM
IS NOT ENERGIZED (POWERED) THE DRYER WILL NOT OPERATE. The energizing
stop push button is located on the front right electrical panel. On 2 door models this energizing stop
push button is located on the right rear side of the electrical panel (when viewed from the rear).
On dryer models manufactured for 208 volt or 240 volt electrical power, the voltage for the
programmable logic controller (PLC) is supplied from the primary side of the 24 VAC transformer.
On dryers that are manufactured for 380 volts and higher, there is an additional secondary 240 VAC
on the transformer that is used to supply the voltage required to operate programmable logic controller
(PLC) through Circuit Breaker (CB6).
4) 24 VAC Control Circuit
The secondary side of the 24 VAC transformer supplies 24 VAC to various control circuits through
Circuit Breaker (CB7) circuit breaker amperage (rating) is dependent on the voltage that the dryer
was manufactured with.
The first circuit is the control voltage on/off. Control voltage (24 VAC) goes through the “Master
Off” (normally closed) switch and supplies voltage to the “Master On” (normally open) switch.
When the “Master On” switch is momentarily engaged, the master control relay (MCR) engages.
If the power is interrupted or the “Master Off” switch is pressed the MCR will disengage.
For dryers manufactured with automatic doors - the purpose of the supply air is to relieve pressure
on the automatic door pistons when an “EMERGENCY STOP” (E-Stop) is engaged.
5) Safety Circuits
The following circuit branches are to verify various safeties, if ALL conditions are met...
a) The first two (2) items are the auxiliary contact located on the blower (squirrel cage fan) motor
and the basket (tumbler) motor overload. If either of these devices trip, it will open up the safety
circuit thereby preventing the dryer from operating.
b) Front doors closed (FDRC) circuit branch...
There are two (2) magnetic proximity switches mounted in the door closed position and a magnet
mounted on top of the doors. When this magnet aligns with the proximity switch, the contacts in
the proximity switch close. When both doors are closed, the front doors closed (FDRC) light
emitting diode (L.E.D.) is on.
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c) Dryer level switches circuit branch...
(1) On 1-way tilt models, this switch is in series with the dry enable.
(2) On 2-way tilt models...one (1) pole of each of the two (2) level switches (LS1-A and LS2A) is in series with the dryer level relay and the other pole is in series with the opposite
piston. IF THE OPPOSITE SIDE IS NOT LEVEL, THE DRYER WILL NOT TILT.
d) Lint drawer closed circuit branch...
The lint drawer closed switch is located in the front of the dryer. When the lint drawer is closed,
it closes the switch contacts, powering the lint drawer closed relay. Then, the dry enable relay
will close, supplying 24 VAC to the TSX 07 PLC. When the lint drawer is closed, the lint drawer
light emitting diode (L.E.D.) is on.
b. Phase 7 Microprocessor Controller (computer)
1) The temperature sensor probe is a bullet shaped device that is located above the lint basket. This
temperature sensor probe is used to sense the temperature in the exhaust of the dryer. The
temperature sensor is a two (2) terminal monolithic integrated circuit temperature transducer that
provides an output current proportional to absolute temperature. The transducer acts as a high
impedance temperature dependent current source of 1µA/ºK. The typical accuracy of this probe is
+/- 1.5º C (+/- 2.7º F). In a case where the temperature reaches 220º F (104º C), the Phase 7
microprocessor controller (computer) will shut down and the L.E.D. will display “Exhaust High
Temp Fault.” To restart a cycle the “STOP/CLEAR” button must first be pressed.
ºF =
ºC =
9
(ºC + 32)
5
5
(ºF - 32)
9
TEMPERATURE SENSOR C URRENT =
ºC + ºK (273.15)
=
1,000,000
MICROAMPS
(µA)
To check a temperature sensor you first need a digital multimeter (DMM) with a diode check
position. Put the meter on diode check, place the “red” lead of the meter on the “black” lead of the
temperature sensor and the “black” lead of the meter on the “white” temperature sensor wire. At
this point you should get no response from meter (infinite). If you get a reading the temperature
sensor is defective.
79
Next reverse leads to temperature sensor “black” to “black” and “red” to “white.” At that point you
measure approximately 1.8-amps, this is the turn on voltage of the device. If you hold the temperature
sensor in your hands and warm it the reading will decrease corresponding to a higher current flow
(the decrease is very slight tenths of a volt).
2) The rotational sensor is a magnetic proximity switch that is mounted on the basket (tumbler) wrapper
on the left side of the dryer. There is a magnet mounted to the side of the basket (tumbler). After
each rotation of the basket (tumbler), the magnet passes by the proximity switch causing the contacts
to close and pulse the Phase 7 microprocessor controller (computer). Whenever the magnet is over
the proximity switch there should be contact closure.
When a drying cycle is started, the blower (fan and impellor) output switches on putting 24 VAC on
the blower (fan and impellor) contactor coil, which in turn pulls in the contactor starting the blower
motor turning. Through the contactor relay this also triggers an input signal to the programmable
logic controller (PLC) disabling the tilting function. Moments later, the basket (tumbler) and drum
begin to rotate because the output turns on thereby pulling in the basket (tumbler) and drum forward
contactor. Next, the heat “On/Off” output will turn on if there is a call for heat, supplying 24 VAC
to the heat circuit through the safety circuits.
a) The first safety circuit is the manual reset exhaust hi-limit, which is located on the bracket above
the lint basket with the temperature sensor. On a temperature rise of 225º F (107º C) or higher,
the thermal switch opens breaking the heat circuit.
b) A second safety circuit is the burner manual reset hi-limit switch located on the side of the
burner. On a temperature rise of 330º F (166º C) or higher, the thermal switch opens breaking
the heat circuit, this switch must be manually reset.
c) A third safety circuit is the sail switch, which is attached to the front of the burner box. This
device pulls in when the impellor (fan and blower) is operating correctly and verifies proper
airflow.
If ALL the safeties are properly maintained, 24 VAC will enable the Direct Spark Ignition (DSI)
module and a try for ignition begins. The DSI module induces a spark (at the spark electrode)
and then opens (energizes) the gas valve for 8-seconds attempting to light the burner. If after
8-seconds the burner does not light, the DSI module will go into a “LOCKOUT” mode. The gas
valve will be de-energized and the spark will be removed from the ignitor, and will not try to light
the burner again until power is again cycled to the DSI module. If the spark produces a flame
then a microamp (µA) signal is created between the flame-probe and ground, which in turn will
keep the burner on. The heat “On/Off” output cycles the heat unless there is a fault at a safety
sensor. At the end of a cycle the air jet output turns on to clean off the impellor fan. The audio
alert output energizes the 24 VAC audio alert horn mounted on the right door, the end of cycle
output energizes the 24 VAC end of cycle light found on the top of the front panel.
c. Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)
1) The PLC can consist of one (1) or two (2) modules; a main module and in some cases an expansion
module is used for additional inputs and outputs.
NOTE: The information listed on page 81 is generic in nature, refer to blueprints for specific details.
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a) The programmable logic controller (PLC) module has thirteen (13) input relays, which are labeled
#0 through #13 and nine (9) output relays labeled #0 through #9.
(1) Input Relays
Input relays #0, #1, #2, and #3 are set up as user inputs to signal what specific function is to
be performed (i.e., load, unload, tilt, and front identifier). These input relays are charted as
1 and 0 (1 is logic on and 0 is logic off). When either an input relay or an output relay is on,
the appropriate light emitting diode (L.E.D.) on the PLC will be illuminated.
For input relay #7 to turn on, the left and right front doors must be completely open. Once
these doors are completely open, the jog forward (input #5) and jog reverse (input #6) can
turn on through the PLC, which in turn rotates the basket (tumbler) and drum through either
output relay #0 or output relay #1 providing the lint door is closed. This interlock is performed
through PLC input #9 (lint door closed), or in some cases the drive or blower overload may
interrupt the 24 VAC signal from reaching the drive contactors and the tilting solenoids.
(2) Output Relays
Output relay #2 controls the open front door function. When this signal is energized, the
pneumatic valve opens allowing air into the two (2) door cable cylinders, which in turn opens
the front doors.
Output relay #0 (drive forward) and output relay #1 (drive reverse) are used to perform jog
functions.
81
2. Electrical Component Replacement
a. Control Voltage Transformer Replacement (refer to the illustration on page 84).
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Locate the correct schematic for the specific change(s) required and verify the wiring of the
transformer using the schematic.
3) Verify the voltage of the new transformer.
4) Loosen and then remove the four (4) wires for a 208-230/240 VAC dryer or the six (6) wires for a
380 VAC (and higher) dryer from terminal block #3 (TB3).
5) Remove the four (4) screws securing the transformer, then remove the transformer itself.
6) To install new transformer reverse above steps (Step #5 thru Step #2).
7) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
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83
b. Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Mark and identify the wires that will be removed
for proper reinstallation.
3) To remove the PLC from the mounting rail, using
a screwdriver, very carefully pull out the
mounting clip on the bottom of the PLC and lift
the unit out of the rail.
4) To replace the PLC, push in the top of the PLC
into the rail and then snap in the bottom of the
unit.
5) Replace the wires removed in Step #2.
6) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
c. Phase 7 Microprocessor Controller (computer)
Display Board Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Carefully unplug JPD3 connector, the JPD4 connector, and the keyboard (touch pad) ribbon cable.
3) Disconnect the common connector power cable (JPD6).
4) Loosen and remove the two (2) screws securing the Phase 7 microprocessor controller (computer)
display board and then remove the computer from the door.
5) To install new Phase 7 microprocessor controller (computer) display board, reverse Step #4 thru
Step #1.
d. Phase 7 Microprocessor Controller (computer) Input/Output (I/O) Board Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Carefully unplug the connectors from JPM9, JPM7, JPM11, JPM8, JPM10, JPM1, JPM2, JPM3,
and JPM4. Stamped on the microprocessor controller (computer) I/O board.
3) Remove the five (5) Phillips head screws securing the I/O board to the control panel.
4) Carefully remove the I/O board from the two (2) standoffs.
NOTE: For replacement of the new I/O board it is IMPORTANT TO HANDLE WITH CARE
TO AVOID ANY ELECTRICAL SHOCKS. DAMAGE MAY OCCUR. PROPER
STATIC PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN.
84
5) To install new microprocessor controller (computer) input/output (I/O) board, reverse Step #4 thru
Step #1.
6) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
e. Keyboard (touch pad) Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Disconnect keyboard (touch pad) ribbon cable from the Phase 7 microprocessor controller (computer)
display board.
3) Peel existing keyboard (touch pad) from the door.
4) Remove as much of the remaining adhesive (from the removed keyboard [touch pad]) as possible.
5) Install and adhere new keyboard (touch pad).
6) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
f. Switch Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Mark and identify the wires that will be
removed for proper reinstallation.
3) Remove wires.
4) To remove a contact block, loosen and remove the mounting screw.
NOTE: Contact block #1 and contact block #2 is normally closed (N.C.) while contact block #3 and
contact block #4 is normally open (N.O.).
5) To remove or replace operator, loosen the two (2) screws that hold the switch body away from the
door.
6) Quarter turn the operator (in the direction shown in the above illustration) and remove.
7) Reinstall the wires removed in Step #3.
8) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
g. Switch Bulb Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Unscrew clear lens shield.
3) Unscrew colored lens.
4) Remove diffuser.
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5) With fingertip, gently push and turn the bulb to unlock.
NOTE: A piece of tubing with an inside diameter the size of the bulb may assist in bulb removal and
replacement.
6) To install new bulb, reverse Step #5 thru Step #1.
h. End of Cycle Light Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Loosen and remove the cap screw on the top of the cap.
3) Remove the cap.
4) Loosen and remove the screw going into the lens.
5) Twist out lens and remove bulb/light.
6) To install new bulb, reverse Step #5 thru Step #1.
i. Tilt Switch Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove the base panel from the left hand side of the dryer.
CAUTION: DO NOT PLACE HANDS BETWEEN THE DRYER BASE and THE BASKET
(Tumbler/Drum) SECTION. SERIOUS INJURY CAN RESULT.
3) Unscrew tilt switch.
4) Loosen and remove the two (2) screws securing the junction cover.
5) Remove the junction cover.
6) Loosen and remove the two (2) mounting screws.
7) Loosen and remove cord grip cap.
8) Remove cord grip.
9) Place pivot arm in the 1 o’clock
position for the front tilt switch
and in the 11 o’clock position for
the rear tilt switch.
Verify that the body orientation and the head orientation are correct.
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Verify that the tilt switch arm is not in the vertical position or damage will result.
10) Holding the tilt arm, tighten up (snug up) on the nut.
11) Hold pivot point with a screwdriver and tighten the nut.
12) Replace base panel.
13) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
j. Tilt Switch Adjustment
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove the base panel from the left hand side of the dryer.
CAUTION: DO NOT PLACE HANDS BETWEEN THE DRYER BASE and THE BASKET
(Tumbler/Drum) SECTION. SERIOUS INJURY CAN RESULT.
3) To adjust the pivot arm hold the arm with a #10 metric wrench and loosen the nut.
4) Place pivot arm in the 1 o’clock position for the front tilt switch and in the 11 o’clock position for the
rear tilt switch.
Verify that the tilt switch arm is not in the vertical position or damage will result.
5) Holding the tilt arm, tighten up (snug up) on the nut.
6) Hold pivot point with a screwdriver and tighten the nut.
7) Replace base panel.
8) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
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L. BASKET (Tumbler) SYSTEM
1. Basket (Tumbler) Drive System
The basket (tumbler) is supported and driven by four (4) 11-inch (27.94 cm) diameter drive wheel assemblies.
Two (2) of these wheels are attached to a 2-inch diameter idler shaft, while the other two (2) are attached
to a 2-inch diameter drive shaft. Each of the wheels is fastened to the shafts by a taper lock bushing.
The idler shaft and drive shaft are each supported by two (2) 2-inch diameter pillow block bearings. These
bearings sit on slotted support channels and can be moved inward or outward by the adjustment bolts. This
results in raising or lowering the basket (tumbler).
The drive system consists of a shaft mounted gear reducer, two (2) V-belts, and a 7-1/2 HP (5.59 kw) drive
motor. Belt tension can be adjusted by tightening or loosening the gear reducer turnbuckle.
To keep the basket (tumbler) in the middle of the dryer a series of retaining wheels are used in the front and
rear of the dryer. The retaining wheels run along the vertical edge of the basket (tumbler) rings. These
keep the basket (tumbler) from rubbing on the front and rear panels of the dryer.
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WARNING: TO ENSURE THAT THE DRIVE IS NOT UNEXPECTEDLY STARTED, TURN
OFF and LOCKOUT and/or TAG POWER SOURCE BEFORE PROCEEDING.
FAILURE TO OBSERVE THESE PRECAUTIONS COULD RESULT IN
PERSONAL INJURY.
WARNING: Drive shaft assembly is heavy. IMPROPER HANDLING CAN CAUSE
PERSONAL INJURY.
2. Drive Motor Component(s)
a. Drive Motor Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the
dryer.
2) Mark and identify the wires that will
be removed for proper reinstallation.
3) Loosen the turnbuckle and remove
V-belts.
4) Mark the inside of the shaft before
removing the taper lock bushing (for
proper reinstallation).
5) Remove the taper lock bushing and motor pulley.
Refer to Taper Lock Bushing and Drive Motor Pulley Replacement (Step #3 thru Step #6)
on page 90.
6) Remove the bolts securing the motor to the motor mount.
7) Install new motor and secure to motor mount.
8) Reinstall motor pulley and taper lock bushing.
Refer to Taper Lock Bushing and Drive Motor Pulley Replacement (Step #7 thru Step #11)
on page 90.
9) Reinstall V-belts then tighten turnbuckle.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN TURNBUCKLE.
10) Rewire the new drive motor in the same order as the wiring from the motor that was removed.
a) Diagram is usually affixed to the side of the motor.
11) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
b. V-belt Replacement
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1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Loosen turnbuckle and remove V-belts.
3) Install new V-belts.
NOTE: Replace V-belts in matched sets (both belts).
4) Tighten turnbuckle.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN TURNBUCKLE.
5) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
c. Taper Lock Bushing and Drive Motor Pulley Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Loosen turnbuckle and remove V-belts.
3) Mark inside of the drive motor shaft.
4) Remove the bolts securing the taper lock bushing.
5) Insert bolts into the threaded holes on the motor pulley and tighten evenly for pulley removal.
6) Loosen the setscrews on the taper lock bushing and remove the bushing.
7) Measure the mark on the drive motor shaft to the end of the shaft.
8) Install the new drive motor pulley.
9) Align the new taper lock bushing with the mark on the shaft and install by tightening the setscrews.
10) Insert bolts into the holes on the taper lock bushing and thread in to the motor pulley and tighten
evenly.
11) Check that the pulley is in proper alignment.
a) Reinstall V-belts and tighten turnbuckle.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN TURNBUCKLE.
12) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
d. Drive Shaft Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove the side panel and guard from the dryer covering the drive wheels.
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3) Mark the position of the pillow block
bearing on the mounting pad and
loosen the setscrews.
4) Insert blocks of wood under the
basket (tumbler) - access through the
lint drawer - to take the weight off
of the drive wheels.
5) Loosen the turnbuckle and remove
the V-belts.
Remove bottom turnbuckle mounting
bolt.
6) Remove the bolts from the pillow
block bearing mounting pads as well
as the adjustment bolts.
7) Remove drive motor from the dryer. (Refer to Drive Motor Replacement on page 89.)
8) Remove the taper lock bushings from the gear reducer and side gear reducer to the center of the
shaft. (Refer to the Taper Lock Bushing and Drive Motor Pulley Replacement section on
page 90.)
9) Remove the taper lock bushings from the drive wheels.
10) Slide the pillow block bearings and taper lock bushing inward towards the gear reducer on the drive
shaft.
11) Lift the end of the drive shaft closest to the rear of the dryer and pivot the other end of the shaft on
the drive wheel until the shaft can be removed from the dryer.
12) To install new drive shaft, reverse Step #11 thru Step #2.
13) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
e. Drive Wheel Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Follow Step #2 thru Step #11 in the Drive Shaft Replacement instructions in the previous section
(page 90 and page 91) for the replacement of the drive wheels.
IMPORTANT: Both drive wheels should be replaced on the drive shaft.
3) To replace the drive wheel assembly into the dryer, reverse Step #11 thru Step #2 in the instructions
in the previous section (page 90 and page 91).
4) Verify proper position of drive shaft components prior to tightening onto shaft.
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5) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
f. Pillow Block Bearing(s) Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Follow Step #2 thru Step #11 in the instructions on (page 90 and page 91).
3) Remove both drive wheels and taper lock bushings.
4) Carefully file the score marks on the drive shaft from the setscrews before removing the pillow
block bearing(s).
5) To install new pillow block bearing(s), reverse Step #11 thru Step #2 in the instructions on (page 90
and page 91).
6) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
g. Gear (speed) Reducer Replacement
CAUTION: Replacement gear reducers are shipped without oil. Add proper amount (1.48 quarts [1.4
liters]) of recommended lubricant before operating. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THESE
PRECAUTIONS WILL RESULT IN DAMAGE TO THE DRYER and WILL
VOID THE WARRANTY.
CAUTION: Too much oil will cause overheating and too little oil will result in gear failure. Check oil
level regularly. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THESE PRECAUTIONS COULD
RESULT IN DAMAGE TO THE DRYER and WILL VOID THE WARRANTY.
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Measure the distance of the gear (speed) reducer from the rear of the dryer to assist in positioning
the gear reducer on the drive shaft during reinstallation.
3) Follow Step #2 thru Step #11 in the instructions on (page 90 and page 91).
4) Remove the taper lock bushing and pillow block bearing from the drive shaft closest to the rear of
the dryer. (Refer to the Taper Lock Bushing and Drive Motor Pulley Replacement section
on page 90 for removal of the taper lock bushing.)
5) Slide the gear (speed) reducer to the center of the drive shaft.
6) Check the position of the drain plug and the breather plug.
7) Check the turnbuckle mount pad on the gear reducer for the correct application.
8) Install the new gear (speed) reducer on the drive shaft along with the taper lock bushing, the pillow
block bearing (setscrews in the pillow block bearing face the end of the drive shaft), the taper lock
bushing, and the drive wheels.
9) Reinstall the drive shaft into the dryer.
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10) Secure the gear reducer to the drive shaft by reinstalling the three (3) bolts into the taper lock
bushing and tighten evenly for proper mounting.
11) Repeat Step #12 to reinstall the other taper lock bushing.
12) Reinstall the bolt into the turnbuckle and mounting bracket.
13) Reinstall V-belts and tighten turnbuckle.
14) Prior to operating new gear (speed) reducer, fill with 1.48 quarts (1.4 liters) of SAE 90 gear oil.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN TURNBUCKLE.
15) Mount the pillow block bearings onto the mounting pads (using the bolts that were removed)...DO
NOT tighten.
16) Tighten the taper lock bushing into the drive wheels.
17) Tighten the adjustment bolts until the basket (tumbler) is centered.
IMPORTANT: Remove the wooden blocks that were inserted under the basket (tumbler).
18) Tighten the bolts on the pillow block bearings.
NOTE: Verify correct mounting position of the gear reducer. Make the necessary corrections and/or
adjustments to the gear reducer for proper mounting. Changing the drain plug, breather plug,
as well as the turnbuckle mounting pad may be required.
NOTE: Inspect ALL of the work performed checking for security of parts and proper alignment.
19) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
3. Retaining Wheel Components
a. Retaining Wheel Cover Panel Removal
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove the top front panel to access the two (2) front retaining wheels and/or the rear top panel to
access the two (2) rear retaining wheels.
3) To gain access to the bottom front retaining wheel the bottom panel must be removed. (The bolts
securing this panel are located behind the right and left control panels.)
NOTE: The lower front retaining wheel does not have a cover.
NOTE: The guard panel must be removed from the dryer to access the rear bottom panel.
4) Remove the bolts from the guard panel to gain access to the rear bottom retaining wheel.
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b. Retaining Wheel(s) Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove the four (4) Phillips pan head screws to remove the cover.
3) Remove the hardware (i.e., bolt, lock washer, and flat washer) from the hex nut and weld nut on the
wheel mount.
4) Install the new retaining wheel.
Reinstall the lock washer then the flat washer onto the bolt and insert into lower mount hole through
the retaining wheel and through the hex nut, then into the weld nut and snug up the bolt.
WARNING: ALL SERVICE and TROUBLESHOOTING SHOULD BE PERFORMED BY A
QUALIFIED PROFESSIONAL or SERVICE AGENCY.
WARNING: WHILE MAKING ADJUSTMENTS, OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
DISPLAYED ON THE DRYER or SPECIFIED IN THIS MANUAL.
5) Reinstall cover and screws
removed in Step #2.
6) Reestablish electrical power
to the dryer.
c. Retaining Wheel(s) Adjustment
1) With the dryer operating, turn
offset hex hub on retaining
wheel until wheel is at proper
tension.
2) Snug nut against offset hex
hub and then tighten.
CAUTION: USE EXTREME CARE WHEN SETTING RETAINING WHEEL TENSION.
PERSONAL INJURY MAY RESULT.
NOTE: Proper retaining wheel tension has been achieved when the wheel spins and stops when slight
pressure is applied (to the retaining wheel itself).
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4. Basket (Tumbler) Electrical Component(s)
a. Basket (Tumbler) Thermal Magnetic Starter (T.M.S.) and Auxiliary Contact Block Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Mark and identify the wires that will be removed for proper reinstallation.
3) Set the control of the T.M.S. to the “stop” position.
4) Press down on the T.M.S. and lift the bottom up and out of the din mounting rail.
5) Mark and identify the wires that will be removed for proper reinstallation.
6) Remove ALL associated wires.
7) Separate the T.M.S. from the auxiliary contact block.
8) Install new T.M.S. or auxiliary contact block.
9) Reassemble the T.M.S. to auxiliary contact block.
10) Set overload to required setting.
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11) Replace ALL wires removed in Step #5 (refer to the previous page [page 95]).
12) Mount the top of the thermal magnetic starter (T.M.S.) to the top of the din rail and press down and
in.
Inspect ALL of the work performed.
13) Set the control of the T.M.S. to the “start” position.
14) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
5. Rotational Sensor Assembly
The Rotational Sensor Assembly is located on the right hand side of the dryer basket (tumbler) section. It
consists of a magnetic rotational switch, mounted on the bracket, which is bolted to the basket (tumbler)
section. A magnet is riveted to the basket (tumbler) of the dryer.
The magnetic rotational sensor switch senses the rotation of the basket (tumbler). If the gap between the
sensor switch and the magnet is greater than a preset amount, then the dryer will shut down on Rotational
Sensor Failure.
a. Rotational Sensor Switch Replacement
1) Discontinue electrical power to the dryer.
2) Remove the two (2) TEK screws securing the rotational sensor bracket to the basket (tumbler)
section.
3) Remove the magnetic rotational sensor switch from the mounting bracket, by removing the adjustment
nut.
4) Depress the tabs on the rotational sensor harness plug and pull apart, then remove the sensor switch.
5) To install a new sensor switch, connect the plug of the new sensor switch to the sensor harness.
6) Place one (1) adjustment nut onto the sensor switch and insert into the mounting bracket.
7) Place the second adjustment nut on but DO NOT tighten. The magnets on the basket (tumbler) and
the sensor switch must be in a horizontal line to one (1) another.
8) The gap between the magnet and the sensor switch must be 1/8-inch (3.175 mm).
9) Tighten the adjustment nuts installed in Step #7 and Step #6.
10) Reestablish electrical power to the dryer.
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SECTION VI
PHASE 7 OPL SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS
IMPORTANT: YOU MUST DISCONNECT and LOCKOUT THE ELECTRIC SUPPLY and
THE GAS SUPPLY or THE STEAM SUPPLY BEFORE ANY COVERS or
GUARDS ARE REMOVED FROM THE MACHINE TO ALLOW ACCESS
FOR CLEANING, ADJUSTING, INSTALLATION, or TESTING OF ANY
EQUIPMENT per OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
STANDARDS.
ALL major circuits, including door, microprocessor temperature sensor, heat and motor circuits are monitored.
The Phase 7 OPL microprocessor controller (computer) will inform the user, via the light emitting diode (L.E.D.)
display of certain failure messages, along with L.E.D. indicators on the Input/Output (I/O) board on the back
panel of the front right control door.
A. DIAGNOSTIC (L.E.D. DISPLAY) FAULT MESSAGES
CALL FOR SERVICE - Indicates a board communication failure.
FRONT DOOR NOT CLOSED - A front door is open when it should be closed.
REAR DOOR NOT CLOSED - A rear door is open when it should be closed.
CHECK CONTROL POWER - Indicates control power is off.
EXHAUST HIGH TEMP FAULT - Indicates the temperature in the basket (tumbler) is above 220º F
(104º C).
LINT DRAWER OPEN - Indicates the lint drawer is open and needs to be closed.
DRY ENABLE FAULT - A signal from the Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) that indicates the dryer is
not level and ALL doors closed. Not ready to start drying.
FRONT NOT DOWN - Dryer is tilted back.
REAR NOT DOWN - Dryer is tilted forward.
TUMBLER OVERLOAD FAULT - Indicates the basket (tumbler) overload has tripped opened.
FAN OVERLOAD FAULT - Indicates the fan overload has tripped opened.
EXHAUST HIGH LIMIT FAULT - Indicates the temperature disk in the exhaust has opened.
FRONT SAIL SWITCH CLOSED FAULT - Front sail switch is closed and should be opened.
FRONT SAIL SWITCH OPEN FAULT - Front sail switch is open and should be closed.
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REAR SAIL SWITCH CLOSED FAULT - Rear sail switch is closed and should be opened.
REAR SAIL SWITCH OPEN FAULT - Rear sail switch is open and should be closed.
FAN CONTACTOR FAULT - The fan contactor was not pulled in.
FRONT BURNER HIGH LIMIT FAULT - Indicates the temperature disk in the front burner has opened.
REAR BURNER HIGH LIMIT FAULT - Indicates the temperature disk in the rear burner has opened.
FRONT BURNER VALVE FAULT - Indicates front gas valve is not working or no gas is turned on or
flameout.
REAR BURNER VALVE FAULT - Indicates rear gas valve is not working or no gas is turned on or flameout.
FRONT BURNER IGNITION CONTROL FAULT - Front ignition module is not working or failure to
ignite.
REAR BURNER IGNITION CONTROL FAULT - Rear ignition module is not working or failure to ignite.
ROTATION FAULT - Indicates the basket (tumbler) is not rotating.
BAD PROBE - Indicates the temperature probe is open or shorted.
LOW VOLTAGE FAULT - Indicates power has dropped below the operating values and will shut down.
FRONT BURNER PURGE FAULT - The front gas valve signal is present during the prepurge time.
REAR BURNER PURGE FAULT - The rear gas valve signal is present during the prepurge time.
MODEL ERROR, ENTER CORRECT MODEL - The wrong model was selected for the dryer.
EE PROM FAULT ### - Error in memory location. The ### indicates the location of the fault.
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B. INPUT/OUTPUT (I/O) BOARD LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (L.E.D.)
INDICATORS
INPUTS: (RED)
OUTPUTS: (GREEN)
1.
FDRC - Front Door Closed
1.
R_HEAT - Rear Heat
2.
FDRO - Front Door Open
2.
AUDIO ALERT - Horn On
3.
TBOL - Basket (Tumbler) Overload
3.
FWD - Basket (Tumbler) Forward
4.
FNOL - Fan Overload
4.
REV - Basket (Tumbler) Reverse
5.
RDWN - Rear Down
5.
AIR JET - Air Jet On
6.
FDWN - Front Down
6.
FAN - Blower Fan On
7.
RDRC - Rear Door Closed
7.
F_HEAT - Front Heat
8.
RDRO - Rear Door Open
8.
PRG1 - Programmable Output #1
9.
FAN - Blower Fan On
9.
PRG2 - Programmable Output #2
10. RBHL - Rear Burner High Limit
10. PRG3 - Programmable Output #3
11
11. PRG4 - Programmable Output #4
R_SS - Rear Sail Switch
12. FBHL - Front Burner High Limit
12. OCL1 - Open Collector Output #1
13. F_SS - Front Sail Switch
13. OCL2 - Open Collector Output #2
14. EXHL - Exhaust High Limit
14. OCL3 - Open Collector Output #3
15. DRY - Dry Enable Bit
15. OCL4 - Open Collector Output #4
16. LINT - Lint Drawer
16. OCL5 - Open Collector Output #5
17. R_HE - Rear Heat Enable
17. OCL6 - Open Collector Output #6
18. F_HE - Front Heat Enable
18. OCL7 - Open Collector Output #7
19. 24VIN - Control Voltage 24 Volts AC
19. OCL8 - Open Collector Output #8
20. SPR5 - Spare Input #5
20. EOC - End Of Cycle Light
21. SPR4 - Spare Input #4
22. SPR3 - Spare Input #3
23. SPR2 - Spare Input #2
24. SPR1 - Spare Input #1
25. RVLV - Rear Gas Valve
26. FVLV - Front Gas Valve
27. 24IN - Board 24 Volt AC
28. +5V - Regulated Voltage
29. Model - Communication
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INPUTS:
1. FDRC – (RED L.E.D.)
This light emitting diode (L.E.D.) will indicate the status of the front doors. If the
doors are closed, then the L.E.D. is ON.
2. FDRO – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the front doors. If the doors are open, then
the L.E.D. is ON.
3. TBOL – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the basket (tumbler) overload contact. If
the contact is closed, then the L.E.D. is ON. If it faults open, then the L.E.D. is
OFF.
4. FNOL – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the fan overload contact. If the contact is
closed, then the L.E.D. is ON. If it faults open, then the L.E.D. is OFF.
5. RDWN – (RED L.E.D.) This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the rear tilt. If the rear of the dryer is down,
then the L.E.D. is ON.
6. FDWN – (RED L.E.D.) This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the front tilt. If the front of the dryer is
down, then the L.E.D. is ON.
7. RDRC – (RED L.E.D.) This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the rear doors. If the doors are closed, then
the L.E.D. is ON.
8. RDRO – (RED L.E.D.) This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the rear doors. If the doors are open, then
the L.E.D. is ON.
9. FAN – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the blower fan. If the fan is on, then the
L.E.D. is ON.
10. RBHL – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the rear burner high limit disk. If the disk is
closed (temperature below 330º F [165º C]), then the L.E.D. is ON.
11. R_SS – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the rear sail switch. If the switch is closed,
then the L.E.D. is ON.
12. FBHL – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the front burner high limit disk. If the disk
is closed (temperature below 330º F [165º C]), then the L.E.D. is ON.
13. F_SS – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the front sail switch. If the switch is closed,
then the L.E.D. is ON.
14. EXHL – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the exhaust high limit disk. If the disk is
closed (temperature below 225º F [107º C]), then the L.E.D. is ON.
15. DRY – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the programable logic controller (PLC). If
the mechanical functions of the dryer have been set to the DRY position, the PLC
will send a signal to the Phase 7 board. This signal will indicate that ALL the
doors are closed and the dryer is level. When these conditions are met, then the
L.E.D. is ON.
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16. LINT – (RED L.E.D.)
This light emitting diode (L.E.D.) will indicate the status of the lint drawer. If the
drawer is closed, then the L.E.D. is ON.
17. R_HE
Supply power for rear heat output.
18. F_HE
Supply power for front heat output.
19. 24VIN – (RED L.E.D.) This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the control voltage. If the POWER ON
button is pressed (green button light is on), then the L.E.D. is ON.
20. SPR5 – (RED L.E.D.)
This is for a spare input to be used with programmable outputs.
21. SPR4 – (RED L.E.D.)
This is for a spare input to be used with programmable outputs.
22. SPR3 – (RED L.E.D.)
This is for a spare input to be used with programmable outputs.
23. SPR2 – (RED L.E.D.)
This is for a spare input to be used with programmable outputs.
24. SPR1 – (RED L.E.D.)
This is for a spare input to be used with programmable outputs.
25. RVLV – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the rear gas valve. If the rear gas valve is
open (ON), then the L.E.D. is ON.
26. FVLV – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the front gas valve. If the front gas valve is
open (ON), then the L.E.D. is ON.
27. 24IN – (RED L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate 24 VAC to the board.
28. +5V
The 24 VAC regulated to power components on the board.
29. Mode (blinking) communication between display and input/output (I/O) boards.
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OUTPUTS:
1. R_HEAT – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This light emitting diode (L.E.D.) will indicate the status of the rear
heat output. If the request to turn on the rear heater is made, then the
L.E.D. is ON.
2. AUDIO ALERT – (GREEN L.E.D.) This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the horn output. If the request
to turn on the horn is made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
3. FWD – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the basket (tumbler) forward
direction output. If the request to tumble the drum in the forward
direction is made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
4. REV – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the basket (tumbler) reverse
direction output. If the request to tumble the drum in the reverse
direction is made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
5. AIR JET – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the air jet output. If the request
to turn on the air jet is made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
6. FAN – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the fan output. If the request to
turn on the fan (blower) is made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
7. F_HEAT – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the front heat output. If the
request to turn on the front heater is made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
8. PGR1 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This is for a spare output to be programmed.
9. PGR2 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This is for a spare output to be programmed.
10. PGR3 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This is for a spare output to be programmed.
11. PGR4 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This is for a spare output to be programmed.
12. OCL1 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the open collector output #1. If
the request to turn on the open collector output #1 is made, then the
L.E.D. is ON. (Programmable and defaulted to front door open).
13. OCL2 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the open collector output #2. If
the request to turn on the open collector output #2 is made, then the
L.E.D. is ON. (Programmable and defaulted to front door closed).
14. OCL3 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the open collector output #3. If
the request to turn on the open collector output #3 is made, then the
L.E.D. is ON. (Programmable and defaulted to lint drawer).
15. OCL4 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the open collector output #4. If
the request to turn on the open collector output #4 is made, then the
L.E.D. is ON. (Programmable and defaulted to front down).
102
16. OCL5 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This light emitting diode (L.E.D.) will indicate the status of the open
collector output #5. If the request to turn on the open collector output
#5 is made, then the L.E.D. is ON. (Programmable and defaulted to
rear down).
17. OCL6 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the open collector output #6. If
the request to turn on the open collector output #6 is made, then the
L.E.D. is ON. (Programmable and defaulted to rear door open).
18. OCL7 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the open collector output #7. If
the request to turn on the open collector output #7 is made, then the
L.E.D. is ON. (Programmable and defaulted to rear door closed).
19. OCL8 – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the open collector output #8. If
the request to turn on the open collector output #8 is made, then the
L.E.D. is ON. (Programmable and defaulted to Spare).
20. EOC – (GREEN L.E.D.)
This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the end of cycle light output. If
the request to turn on the end of cycle light is made, then the L.E.D.
is ON.
103
SECTION VII
TROUBLESHOOTING
IMPORTANT: YOU MUST DISCONNECT and LOCKOUT THE ELECTRIC SUPPLY and
THE GAS SUPPLY or THE STEAM SUPPLY BEFORE ANY COVERS or
GUARDS ARE REMOVED FROM THE MACHINE TO ALLOW ACCESS
FOR CLEANING, ADJUSTING, INSTALLATION, or TESTING OF ANY
EQUIPMENT per OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
STANDARDS.
The information provided will help isolate the most probable components associated with the difficulty described.
The experienced technician realizes, however, that a loose connection or broken/shorted wire may be at fault
where electrical components are concerned...not necessarily the suspect component itself. Electrical parts
should always be checked for failure before being returned to the factory.
IMPORTANT: When replacing blown fuses, the replacement must be of the exact rating as the fuse
being replaced. The information provided should not be misconstrued as a
handbook for use by an untrained person in making repairs.
WARNING: ALL SERVICE and TROUBLESHOOTING SHOULD BE PERFORMED BY A
QUALIFIED PROFESSIONAL or SERVICE AGENCY.
WARNING: WHILE MAKING REPAIRS, OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
DISPLAYED ON THE DRYER or SPECIFIED IN THIS MANUAL.
A. No Display...
1. “EMERGENCY STOP” (E-Stop) button pushed in.
2. Service panel fuses blown or tripped breaker.
3. Blown F2 (fuse 2) on microprocessor controller (computer) input/output (I/O) board.
4. Blown Circuit Breaker (CB7) on right hand control panel.
5. Failed display board.
6. Failed communication cable.
7. Failed microprocessor controller (computer) I/O board.
8. Optional sprinkler circuit emergency relay is not engaged...
a. Service panel fuse blown or tripped breaker.
b. Sprinkler circuit hi-limit has tripped.
104
NOTE: SPRINKLER MUST HAVE POWER FOR THE DRYER TO OPERATE.
B. Drive motor is not operating (does not start)...
*
Microprocessor controller (computer) relay output indicator (either forward “FWD” or reverse
“REV”) is on.
1. Blown drive motor contactor overloads.
2. Failed drive motor contactor.
3. Failed drive motor.
4. No 24 VAC present at drive motor contactor coil.
*
Microprocessor controller (computer) relay output indicator (neither forward “FWD” nor reverse
“REV”) is on.
1. Failed microprocessor controller (computer) input/output (I/O) board.
C. Drive motor operates in one (1) direction ONLY...stops and restarts in the same direction...
*
Appropriate microprocessor controller (computer) relay output indicator is on.
1. Failed reversing contactor (relay).
2. Failed electrical reversing contactor interlock.
*
Appropriate microprocessor controller (computer) relay output indicator is off.
1. Failed microprocessor controller (computer) I/O board.
D. Drive motor operates okay for a few minutes and then either repeatedly or occasionally trips
the overload protector...
NOTE: When the overload protector trips, the microprocessor controller (computer) I/O board, red
light emitting diode (L.E.D.) “TBOL” will be off and the display will read “Tumbler Overload
Fault.”
1. Motor is overheating...
a. Motor air vents clogged with lint.
b. Low voltage to motor.
c. Failed motor.
d. Basket (tumbler) is binding...check for an obstruction.
e. Basket (tumbler) bearings are binding.
105
f.
V-belts are too tight.
g. Dryer has an oversized load.
h. Voltage to the dryer is incorrect...check dryer data label for specified voltage.
2. Failed overload protector...
a. Incorrect overload setting.
E.
Impellor (fan) motor is not operating (does not start)...
*
Microprocessor controller (computer) input/output (I/O) board “FAN” relay output indicator is
on.
1. Blown blower (fan and impellor) motor overloads.
2. Failed blower (fan and impellor) motor contactor (relay).
3. Failed blower (fan and impellor) motor.
4. No 24 VAC present at fan motor contactor coil.
*
Microprocessor controller (computer) I/O board “FAN” relay output indicator is off.
1. Failed microprocessor controller (computer) I/O board.
F.
Blower (fan and impellor) motor operates okay for a few minutes and then either repeatedly or
occasionally trips the overload protector...
NOTE: When the overload protector trips, the microprocessor controller (computer) I/O board red
light emitting diode (L.E.D.) “FNOL” will be off and the display will read “Fan Overload
Fault.”
1. Motor is overheating...
a. Motor air vents clogged with lint.
b. Low voltage to motor.
c. Failed motor.
d. Basket (tumbler) is binding...check for an obstruction.
e. Failed gear reducer or basket (tumbler) bearing.
f.
V-belts are too tight.
g. Motor is running at incorrect voltage.
106
2. Failed overload protector...
a. Incorrect overload setting.
3. Blown drive motor and blower (fan and impellor) motor fuses or overloads.
4. Failed motors (both blower [fan and impellor] motor and drive motor).
5. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
G. Microprocessor controller (computer) display board light emitting diode (L.E.D.) display reads
“BAD PROBE” continuously and the buzzer (tone) sounds every 30-seconds...
1. Fault in microprocessor heating sensing circuit...
a. Failed microprocessor temperature sensor.
b. Failed microprocessor controller (computer) display board.
c. Broken wire or connection between the microprocessor controller (computer) and the microprocessor
temperature sensor.
H. Microprocessor controller (computer) L.E.D. display reads “DRY ENABLE” fault...
1. Front or rear doors open.
2. Dryer is not in level position.
3. Broken connection between level switches.
4. Level switches need to be adjusted.
5. Input from Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is not present...
a. TSX07 does not have supply power.
b. Failed TSX07 PLC.
6. Failed microprocessor controller (computer) input/output (I/O) board.
I.
Microprocessor controller (computer) I/O board display reads “FRONT DOORS NOT
CLOSED” or “REAR DOORS NOT CLOSED.”
1. Fault (open circuit) in front or rear switch circuit door.
2. One (1) of the front or rear door switches has failed.
3. One (1) of the front or rear door switch contact magnets is either missing or is broken.
4. Broken wires or connection in front door.
107
5. Front or rear doors are opened during cycle.
6. Failed microprocessor controller (computer) input/output (I/O) board.
J.
Microprocessor controller (computer) light emitting diode (L.E.D.) displays “Lint Drawer Open”..
1. Lint drawer is not closed ALL the way.
2. Lint drawer switch is out of proper adjustment.
3. Failed lint drawer switch.
4. Failed microprocessor controller (computer) I/O board.
K. Microprocessor controller (computer) will not accept any keyboard (touch pad) entries, (i.e.,
L.E.D. display reads “READY” and when keyboard [touch pad] entries are selected, the L.E.D.
display continues to read “READY”)...
1. Failed keyboard (touch pad) label assembly.
2. Failed microprocessor controller (computer) display board.
L.
Microprocessor controller (computer) will only accept certain keyboard (touch pad) entries...
1. Failed keyboard (touch pad) label assembly.
2. Failed microprocessor controller (computer) display board.
M. Microprocessor controller (computer) locks up and the display reads erroneous messages or
only partial segments...
1. Transient power voltage spikes...disconnect the electrical power to the dryer, wait 1 minute and reestablish
power to the dryer. If problem is still evident...
a. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
b. Failed keyboard (touch pad) label assembly.
N. Dryer stops during a cycle, microprocessor controller (computer) buzzer (tone) sounds for a few
seconds, and then microprocessor controller (computer) returns to “READY”...
1. Loose connection somewhere in the main power circuit to the microprocessor controller (computer).
O. Microprocessor controller (computer) display reads “Rotation Fault”...
1. Rotational sensor circuit failure...fault somewhere in the basket (tumbler) rotation or circuit...
a. Basket (tumbler) is not rotating...
1) Broken basket (tumbler) drive belts.
108
2) Failure in drive motor circuit.
b. Faulty rotation sensor.
c. Broken wire or connection between rotation sensor and microprocessor controller (computer) display
board.
d. Failure in rotational sensor circuit or magnet missing or gap too large.
e. Basket (tumbler) rotation below 12 RPMs.
P.
Microprocessor controller (computer) reads “Exhaust High Temp Fault”...
1. Possible overheating condition...microprocessor controller (computer) display board has sensed a
temperature which has exceeded 225º F (107º C).
“Exhaust High Fault Temp” will display until the stop key has been pressed. A cycle cannot be started
until the temperature is below 220º F (104º C).
Q. Dryer operates but is taking too long to dry...
1. Exhaust ductwork run is too long or is undersized...back pressure cannot exceed 0.5 inches water
column (W.C.) - 1.24 mb.
2. Restriction in ductwork...check duct from the dryer ALL the way to the outdoors.
3. Low or inconsistent gas pressure (for GAS MODELS ONLY).
4. Insufficient make-up air.
5. Poor air and gas mixture at burner - yellow or poor flame pattern...adjust gas burner air adjustment
shutters (for GAS MODELS ONLY).
6. Lint drawer or screen is not being cleaned on a regular basis or often enough.
7. Extractors (washer) is not performing properly.
8. Sail switch is fluttering...restriction in exhaust (for GAS MODELS ONLY).
9. Failed microprocessor controller (computer)...temperature calibration is inaccurate.
10. Failed microprocessor temperature sensor...calibration is inaccurate.
11. Failed burner hi-limit (for GAS MODELS ONLY).
12. Failed 225º F (107º C) manual reset hi-limit (thermostat).
109
13. Steam damper system is not functioning properly (for STEAM MODELS ONLY)...
a. Steam damper sticking closed.
b. Leak in pneumatic system.
14. Undersized load, dryer requires a minimum load size of approximately 125 lbs (57 kg) for maximum
drying efficiency.
R. Excessive noise and vibration...
1. Dryer is not leveled properly.
2. Impellor (fan/blower) out of balance...
a. Excessive lint buildup on impellor (fan/blower)...check air jet.
b. Failed impellor (fan/blower).
3. Loose motor mount.
4. Failed idler bearings or basket (tumbler) bearings.
5. V-belt(s) either too tight or too loose.
6. Basket (tumbler) drive wheels are worn or are loose.
7. Setscrews of basket (tumbler) drive shaft bearings are loose.
8. Failed motor bearing.
9. Drive wheel is loose.
10. Failed drive wheel.
S.
Dryer will not tilt...
* Tilt to load.
1. Correct door signals are not present.
a. Door open to tilt up.
b. Door closed to tilt level.
2. Defective proximity switch.
3. No (external) compressed air to pneumatic switches...80 PSI (5.51 bars) required (11 cf/hr [0.31
cm/hr]).
4. Lint drawer is open.
110
* Tilt to unload.
1. Correct door signals are not present...
a. Door open to tilt down.
b. Door closed to tilt level.
2. Defective proximity switch.
3. No (external) compressed air to pneumatic switches...80 PSI (5.51 bars) required (11 cf/hr [0.31
cm/hr]).
4. Lint drawer is open.
111
SECTION VIII
PROCEDURE FOR FUNCTIONAL CHECK
OF REPLACEMENT COMPONENTS
1. For Models With Johnson Controls Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) Module (G760)
Theory Of Operation:
Start the drying cycle. When the gas burner ignites within the chosen trial for ignition time (6-seconds), the
flame sensor detects gas burner flame and signals the DSI module to keep the gas valve open...as long as
there is a call for heat. The DSI module will “LOCKOUT” if the gas burner flame is not sensed at the end
of the trial for ignition period. The trial for ignition period will be repeated for a total of three (3) retries/trials
(the initial try and two [2] more retries/trials). If the flame is not sensed at the end of the third retry/trial
(inter-purge period of 30-seconds) the DSI module will “LOCKOUT” (light emitting diode [L.E.D.] flashes).
A steady L.E.D. indicator indicates normal operation.
No L.E.D. indicator indicates a power or an internal failure has occurred.
112
2. For Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) System Models Manufactured With ADC Module Part No. 880815
a. Upon completing installation of the
replacement DSI module, reestablish power
to the dryer.
b. Starting the drying cycle.
c. The ignition DSI module’s light emitting diode
(L.E.D.) indicator will light “red” for up to
approximately 1.5-seconds (prepurge time).
d. The module’s indicator light will then turn
“green.” The gas valve will be energized
and the ignitor probe will spark for
approximately 8-seconds. The burner flame
should now be established.
e. With the burner flame on, remove the flame
sensor wire from the FS terminal of the DSI
module.
f. The burner flame must shut off and the
ignition module must lockout with the DSI
module’s indicator light “red.”
g. Stop the drying cycle, with the flame sensor wire still removed, restart the drying cycle.
h. The ignition module must proceed through the prepurge, with the indicator light “red,” the ignition trial
time of approximately 8-seconds, with the indicator light “green,” and then proceed to lockout with the
indicator light “red.”
i. Functional check of the DSI module is complete.
1) Replace the flame sensor wire from the FS terminal to the DSI module.
113
ADC 450051
1- 08/30/01-25
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