485 ST Manual
Tested and Certified by the Water Quality Association to CSA
B483.1.
Proud member of Canadian Institute of Plumbing & Heating.
Proud member of Canadian Water Quality Association.
1. Read all instructions carefully before operation.
2. Avoid pinched o-rings during installation by applying (provided with install kit) NSF certified
lubricant to all seals.
3. This system is not intended for treating water that is microbiologically unsafe or of unknown
quality without adequate disinfection before or after the system.
REVISION #
3
REVISION DATE 4/25/14
80150330
Canadian Head Office
655 Park St.
Regina, SK S4N 5N1
Eastern Sales & Distribution
20 Steckle Place, Unit 21
Kitchener ON N2E 2C3
Owners Manual
485ST
Softener & Tannins
Reduction System
2
Performance Data Sheet
485ST-150
Model Number
Qty High Capacity Resin
Rated Service Flow (gpm)
Pressure Drop at Rated Service Flow (psi)
Rated Softening Capacity (grains)
Efficiency (grains/lb salt)
Max. Flow Rate to Drain (gpm)
Working Pressure
Operating Temperature
3
1.5 ft
11.2
15.0
20,443 @ 4.5lbs
4,543
2.4
485ST-200
485ST-300
3
3
2.0 ft
3.0 ft
12.4
12.9
15.0
15.0
27,258 @ 6lbs
40,887 @ 9lbs
4,543
4,543
3.5
5.0
Min. 20 - Max. 125 psi
Min 39 - Max. 100 degrees Fahrenheit
The efficiency rating is valid only at the stated salt dose and maximum service flow rate.
They have a demand initiated regeneration (D.I.R.) feature that complies with specific performance specifications intended to minimize the amount of regenerant brine and water
used in their operation. These softeners have a rated softener efficiency of not less than
3350 grains of total hardness exchange per pound of salt (based on sodium chloride) and
shall not deliver more salt than their listed ratings. The rated salt efficiency is measured by
laboratory tests described in NSF/ANSI Standard 44. These tests represent the maximum
possible efficiency that the systems can achieve. Operational efficiency is the actual efficiency after the system has been installed. It is typically less than the efficiency due to individual application factors including water hardness, water usage, and other contaminants
that reduce the softener’s capacity. These systems are not intended for use with water that
is microbiologically unsafe or of unknown quality without adequate disinfection before or after the system. For best results, use plain, white block salt. Refer to Installation/operation
manual and warranty for further details on installation, parts and service, maintenance and
further restrictions or limitations to the use of the product.
Tested and Certified by the Water Quality Association to CSA
B483.1.
3
Table of Contents
Unpacking / Inspection
Safety Guide
Proper Installation
Specification
Before Starting Installation
Installation Instructions
System Start Up
Programming Instructions
About The System
Maintenance
Sanitizing Procedure
Main Repair Parts
Trouble Shooting
Warranty
PAGE
3
3
4
5
5
7
9
10
11
13
16
17
24
25
Unpacking / Inspection
Be sure to check the entire softener for any shipping damage or parts loss. Also note damage to the shipping cartons. Contact the transportation company for all damage and loss
claims. The manufacturer is not responsible for damages in transit.
Small parts, needed to install the softener, are in a parts bag. To avoid loss of the small
parts, keep them in the parts bag until you are ready to use them.
Safety Guide
For your safety, the information in this manual must be followed to minimize the risk of
electric shock, property damage or personal injury.





Check and comply with your provincial /
coarse SOLAR salts are recommended. Do
state and local codes. You must follow
not use rock, block, granulated or ice
these guidelines.
cream making salts. They contain dirt and
Use care when handling the water softensediments, or mush and cake, and will creing system. Do not turn upside down,
ate maintenance problems.
drop, drag or set on sharp protrusions.
 Keep the salt lid in place on the softener
The water softening system works on 12
unless servicing the unit or refilling with
volt-60 Hz electrical power only. Be sure to
salt.
use only the included transformer.
 WARNING: This system is not inTransformer must be plugged into an intended for treating water that is microbiodoor 120 volt, grounded outlet only.
logically unsafe or of unknown quality
Use clean water softening salts only, at
without adequate disinfection before or
least 99.5% pure. NUGGET, PELLET or
after the system.
4
Proper Installation
This water softening system must be properly installed and located in accordance with the
Installation Instructions before it is used.





Do not install or store where it will not be
psi, night time pressure may exceed the
exposed to temperatures below freezing or
maximum. Use a pressure reducing valve
exposed to any type of weather. Water
to reduce the flow if necessary.
freezing in the system will break it. Do not  Softener resins may degrade in the presattempt to treat water over 100°F.
ence of chlorine above 2 ppm. If you
Do not install in direct sunlight. Excessive
have chlorine in excess of this amount,
sun or heat may cause distortion or other
you may experience reduced life of the
damage to non-metallic parts.
resin. In these conditions, you may wish
Properly ground to conform with all govto consider purchasing a whole house carerning codes and ordinances.
bon filter softener system with a chlorine
Use only lead-free solder and flux for all
reducing media.
sweat-solder connections, as required by
 WARNING: Discard all unused parts and
state and federal codes.
packaging material after installation. Small
Maximum allowable inlet water pressure is
parts remaining after the installation could
125 psi. If daytime pressure is over 80
be a choke hazard.
5
Specifications
Specifications
Factory Settings - High Capacity
Salt Used - Per Regeneration
Water Used - Regeneration
Resin Quantity - Cubic Feet
Tank Size
Tank Jacket / Media Loaded
Brine Tank / Cabinet Size (Inches)
Salt Storage Capacity
Recommended Service Flow Rate
Flow Rate @ 15 psi Pressure Drop
Flow Rate @ 25 psi Pressure Drop
Back Wash Flow Rate
Shipping Weight
Regeneration Type
Maximum Hardness
Maximum Tannins
Plumbing Connections
Resin Type
Electrical Requirements
Water Temperature
Water Pressure


485ST-150
15010470
485ST-200
15010471
485ST-300
15010472
18.0 lbs
74.4 gal
24.0 lbs
101.4 gal
36.0 lbs
166 gal
1.5 ft3
10x54
Yes
2.0 ft3
12x52
No
3.0 ft3
14x65
No
20.3 x 37.4
20.3 x 37.4
23.0 x 40.5
350 lbs
3.0 gpm
11.2 gpm
15.1 gpm
2.4 gpm
158 lbs
350 lbs
420 lbs
3.0 gpm
6.0 gpm
12.2 gpm
12.6 gpm
16.2 gpm
16.6 gpm
3.5 gpm
5.0 gpm
161 lbs
247 lbs
Co-Current / Down Flow
20 Grains Per Gallon
1.0 ppm
3/4" (Optional 1")
Canature Cation / Anion Exchange Resin
Input 120V 60 Hz - Output 12V 650mA
Min 39 - Max. 100 degrees Fahrenheit
Min. 20 - Max. 125 psi
Continuous operation at flow rates greater than the service flow rate may affect capacity and efficiency performance.
The manufacturer reserves the right to make product improvements which may deviate from the specifications and
descriptions stated herein, without obligation to change previously manufactured products or to note the change.
Before Starting Installation
Tools, Pipe, and Fittings, Other Materials
Pliers
Screwdriver
Teflon tape
Razor knife
Two adjustable wrenches
Additional tools may be required if modification to home plumbing is required.
 Plastic inlet and outlet fittings are included
with the softener. To maintain full valve
flow, 3/4” or 1” pipes to and from the softener fittings are recommended. You
should maintain the same, or larger, pipe
size as the water supply pipe, up to the
softener inlet and outlet.
 Use copper, brass, or PEX pipe and fittings.











Some codes may also allow PVC plastic
pipe.
ALWAYS install the included bypass valve,
or 3 shut-off valves. Bypass valves let you
turn off water to the softener for repairs if
needed, but still have water in the house
pipes.
5/8” OD drain line is needed for the valve
drain. A 10’ length of hose is included.
with some models.
A length of 5/8” OD drain line tubing is
needed for the brine tank over flow fitting
(optional).
Nugget or pellet water softener salt is
needed to fill the cabinet or brine tank.
6
Where To Install The Softener






Place the softener as close as possible to
is least likely to occur if a leak develops.
the pressure tank (well system) or water
The manufacturer will not repair or pay for
meter (city water).
water damage.
Place the softener as close as possible to a  A 120 volt electric outlet, to plug the infloor drain, or other acceptable drain point
cluded transformer into, is needed within 6
(laundry tub, sump, standpipe, etc.).
feet of the softener. The transformer has
Connect the softener to the main water
an attached 6 foot power cable. Be sure
supply pipe BEFORE the water heater. DO
the electric outlet and transformer
NOT RUN HOT WATER THROUGH THE
are in an inside location, to protect
SOFTENER. Temperature of water passfrom wet weather.
ing through the softener must be less than  If installing in an outside location, you
100 deg. F.
must take the steps necessary to assure
Keep outside faucets on hard water to
the softener, installation plumbing, wiring,
save soft water and salt.
etc., are as well protected from the eleDo not install the softener in a place where
ments, contamination, vandalism, etc., as
it could freeze. Damage caused by
when installed indoors.
freezing is not covered by the war-  Keep the softener out of direct
ranty.
sunlight. The sun’s heat may soften and
Put the softener in a place water damage
distort plastic parts.
7
Installation Instructions
1. If your hot water tank is electric, turn off the power to it to avoid damage to the element
in the tank.
2. If you have a private well, turn the power off to the pump and then shut off the main water shut off valve. If you have municipal water, simply shut off the main valve. Go to the
faucet, (preferably on the lowest floor of the house) turn on the cold water until all pressure is relieved and the flow of water stops.
3. Locate the softener tank and brine tank close to a drain where the system will be installed. The surface should be clean and level.
4. Connect the inlet and outlet of the softener using appropriate fittings. Perform all plumbing according to local plumbing codes.
 Use a ½” minimum pipe or tubing size for the drain line
 ON COPPER PLUMBING SYSTEMS BE SURE TO INSTALL A GROUNDING
WIRE BETWEEN THE INLET AND OUTLET PIPING TO MAINTAIN GROUNDING.
Any solder joints near the valve must be done before connecting any piping to the valve.
Always leave at least 6" (152 mm) between the valve and joints when soldering pipes that
are connected to the valve. Failure to do this could cause damage to the valve.
5. Connect the drain hose (10 ft included) to the valve and secure it with a hose clamp (also
included). Run the drain hose to the nearest laundry tub or drain pipe. This can be ran
up overhead or down along the floor. If running the drain line more than 20 ft overhead,
it is recommended to increase the hose size to 3/4”. NEVER MAKE A DIRECT CONNECTION INTO A WASTE DRAIN. A PHYSICAL AIR GAP OF AT LEAST 1.5” SHOULD BE USED
TO AVOID BACTERIA AND WASTEWATER TRAVELLING BACK THROUGH THE DRAIN
LINE INTO THE SOFTENER.
6. Using the Allen Key (included), place the unit in the bypass position. Slowly turn on the
main water supply. At the nearest cold treated water tap nearby remove the faucet
screen, open the faucet and let water run a few minutes or until the system is free of any
air or foreign material resulting from the plumbing work.
7. Make sure there are no leaks in the plumbing system before proceeding. Close the water
tap when water runs clean.
8. Open the brine tank / cabinet salt lid and add water until there is approximately 3" (75
mm) of water in the tank. Do not add salt to the brine tank at this time.
9. Proceed to start up instructions.
Note: The unit is not ready for service until you complete the start-up instructions.
8
Installation
9
System Start-Up
Key Pad Configuration
SETTINGS
This function is to enter the basic set up information required at the time of installation.
MANUAL
REGEN
This function is to initiate an immediate or
delayed manual regeneration.
DOWN /
UP
Increase or decrease the value of the settings
while in the programming mode.
Manual Regeneration (Step / Cycle Valve)
DELAYED REGENERATION
Press and release the MANUAL REGEN. Button to set a delayed regeneration that will
occur at the regeneration time. The main
display page will show DELAYED REGEN ON.
To cancel press and release the MANUAL REGEN. Button. The main display page will
show DELAYED REGEN OFF.
IMMEDIATE REGENERATION
To start an immediate regeneration (or step
valve through each position), press and hold
the MANUAL REGEN. Button for 3 seconds
(until beeps). The valve will start an immediate regeneration. Press any key to skip to
the next cycle.
Start-up Instructions
1. Plug the power transformer into an approved power source. Connect the power
cord to the valve.
2. When power is supplied to the control, the
screen will display “INITIALIZING WAIT
PLEASE” while it finds the service position.
3. Manually step the valve past the BRINE
position to the BACKWASH position. If
screen is locked, press SETTINGS for 3
seconds to unlock. Press and hold the
MANUL REGEN. Key for 3 seconds. Press
any key to skip the BRINE cycle.
4. Once in the BACKWASH cycle, open the
inlet on the bypass valve slowly and allow
water to enter the unit. Allow all air to escape from the unit before turning the water on fully then allow water to run to
drain for 3-4 minutes or until all media
fines are washed out of the softener indi-
cated by clear water in the drain hose.
5. Press any button to advance to the RINSE
position. Check the drain line flow. Allow
the water to run for 3-4 minutes or until
the water is clear.
6. Press any button to advance to the REFILL
position. Check that the valve is filling water into the brine tank. Allow the valve to
refill for the full amount of time as displayed on the screen to insure a proper
brine solution for the next regeneration.
7. The valve will automatically advance to the
SERVICE position. Open the outlet valve
on the bypass, then open the nearest
treated water faucet and allow the water
to run until clear, close the tap and replace
the faucet screen.
8. Add salt into the cabinet / brine tank.
9. Program unit.
10
Programming Instructions
Settings
Press SETINGS key (3 SECONDS / BEEP)
VALVE MODE
SOFTENER UF
TIME OF DAY
12:01 PM
YEAR
2012
MONTH
AUGUST
DAY
21
SET HARDNESS
20 GRAINS
SET PEOPLE
4
SALT SETTING
HIGH EFFICIENCY
STANDARD
IRON & MN
WATER TYPE
MUNICIPAL
WELL / OTHER
REGEN TIME
2:00 AM
PROGRAMMING
COMPLETE
TIME OF DAY, YEAR,
MONTH, DAY,
Time of day is for normal operation of system and the
scheduling of the regeneration time. The date is used
in a diagnostic function to
track the last time the system regenerated.
SET HARDNESS
This value is the maximum
compensated water hardness
in grains per gallon of the
raw water supply. It is used
to calculate the system capacity. If Ferrous Iron is present add 4 gpg for every 1
ppm of Ferrous Iron.
SET PEOPLE
This value is the number of
people living in the home. It
is used to calculate the
amount of water needed for
daily use and the reserve capacity of the system.
For SIM units choose IRON &
MN.
WATER TYPE
Select WELL / OTHER if any
Iron or Manganese is present
or if the water source is not
clean (< 1NUT turbidity).
The system will back wash
every time.
REGEN TIME
This setting determines the
time of day to perform a
scheduled regeneration.
REGEN DAYS
This value is the number of
days between regenerations
or back washes to clean the
filters.
GALLONS
Default value is OFF. Adjust
the GALLONS to set the capacity. This will cause the
unit to regenerate either
when the gallons remaining
SALT SETTING
goes to zero or the days beThere are 3 settings to tween regeneration is zero.
choose in the MENU SET- Which ever occurs first.
TINGS. These settings will
determine the salt dosage
and capacity for the system.
11
About The System
Control Operation During A Power Failure
In the event of a power failure, the valve will keep track of the time and day for 48 hours.
The programmed settings are stored in a non-volatile memory and will not be lost during a
power failure. If power fails while the unit is in regeneration, the valve will finish regeneration from the point it is at once power is restored. If the valve misses a scheduled regeneration due to a power failure, it will queue a regeneration at the next regeneration time
once power is restored.
Safety Float
The brine tank is equipped with a safety float which prevents your brine tank from overfilling as a result of a malfunction such as a power failure.
Main Display
The main display page will pause on the Date and Time page for 5 seconds. Then it will continually scroll
through all of the system diagnostic display pages. Depending on the Valve Type some pages will not be displayed. To manually scroll through the diagnostics, press the down or up key. To reset the TOTAL REGENS,
TOTAL GALLONS OVER RUN TOTAL, or PEAK flow rates, press and hold the MENU until the value changes to
zero.
PARAMETER
JULY/17/2012
8:30 PM
TOTAL 1,500 GAL
REMAIN 1,200 GAL
PEOPLE 2
RESERVE 150 GAL
EST. DAYS TO NEXT
REGEN 06 DAYS
LAST REGEN
9/24/12
TOTAL REGENS
10
TOTAL GALLONS
001590 GAL
OVER RUN TOTAL
0500 GAL
CURRENT 1.5 GPM
PEAK 6.5 GPM
DELAYED REGEN
OFF
REGEN TIME
2:00 AM
REFILL TIME
3:00 MIN
VALVE MODE
SOFTENER UF
DESCRIPTION
Month, Day, Year, Time
The total amount is the system capacity when fully regenerated. The remaining is the
capacity left in the system.
Number of people in the household and the calculated reserve capacity. When remaining
reaches reserve capacity a regeneration will be scheduled.
The estimated number of days until the next regeneration will occur.
The date of the last regeneration.
The total number of regenerations.
The total amount of gallons treated by the system.
The total amount of water that has exceeded the system capacity over the last 4
regenerations. When remaining goes to zero, the gallons used will be added to over run total.
The current flow rate and the peak flow rate since the last regeneration.
Advises whether a delayed regeneration has been scheduled manually or automatically.
The current setting for regeneration time.
The current calculated refill time.
The current setting of the valve mode.
New Sounds
You may notice new sounds as your water softener operates. The regeneration cycle lasts
up to 180 minutes. During this time, you may hear water running intermittently to the drain.
12
Regeneration Process
When the system capacity is near exhausted, a regeneration is necessary to restore the system to full capacity. The table below explains the regeneration steps.
Step
Name
#1
Back Wash
#2
Brine
#4
Rinse
#5
Refill
Description
Fresh water is introduced to the bottom of the tank flowing upwards expanding
the ion exchange resin to rinse out any dirt or small particles to the drain and to
un-compact the bed to restore full service flow rates.
The brine solution is introduced slowly from the top of the tank flowing down
through the ion exchange resin pushing the hardness out to drain and restoring
system capacity.
Fresh water is introduced from the top of the tank flowing down through the
ion exchange resin rinsing any excess brine solution out to the drain.
Fresh water is added to the salt tank to prepare and insure fully saturated brine
for the next regeneration.
Automatic Hard Water Bypass During Regeneration
The regeneration cycle can last 30 to 180 minutes, after which soft water service will be restored. During regeneration, hard water is automatically bypassed for use in the household.
Hot water should be used as little as possible during this time to prevent hard water from
filling the water heater. This is why automatic regeneration is set for sometime during the
night and manual regenerations should be performed when little or no water will be used in
the household.
Normal regeneration time is 2:00 AM.
System Configuration
485SIM DOWNFLOW System Configuration
Brine Line Flow
Drain Line Flow
Tank Size (Diameter)
Injector Set
Control (BLFC)
Control (DLFC)
8"
#1 (1.5 GPM)
9"
#1 White
#2 (2.0GPM)
10"
#3 (2.4 GPM)
0.7 GPM
12"
#2 Blue
#5 (3.5 GPM)
13"
#2 Blue
#A (5.0 GPM)
14"
#3 Yellow
#A (5.0 GPM)
13
Manual Bypass
In the case of emergency, such as an overflowing brine tank, you can isolate your water
softener from the water supply using the bypass valve located at the back of the control. In
normal operation the bypass is open with the on/off knobs in line with the inlet and outlet
pipes.
To isolate the softener, simply rotate the knobs clockwise (as indicated by the word BYPASS
and arrow) until they lock. You can use your water related fixtures and appliances as the
water supply is bypassing the softener. However, the water you use will be hard. To resume
soft water service, open bypass valve by rotating the knobs counterclockwise.
Maintenance
Adding Salt
Use only crystal water softener salt. Check the salt level monthly. It is important to maintain the salt level above the water level. To add salt, simply lift the salt lid and add the salt
directly into the brine tank. Be sure the brine well cover is on and fill only to the height of
the brine well.
Bridging
Humidity or wrong type of salt may create a cavity between the water and the salt. This action, known as “bridging”, prevents the brine solution from being made, leading to your water supply being hard.
If you suspect salt bridging, carefully pound on the outside of the brine tank or pour some
warm water over the salt to break up the bridge. This should always be followed up by allowing the unit to use up any remaining salt and then thoroughly cleaning out the brine
tank. Allow two hours to produce a brine solution, then manually regenerate the softener.
14
Cleaning or Replacing Injectors
Sediment, salt and silt will restrict or clog the injector. A clean water supply and pure salt
will prevent this from happening.
The injector assembly is located on the right side of the control valve. This assembly is
easy to clean.
TIP: There are marks on the injector holder that must be lined
up to the marks on the valve to
fully insert the holder into the
hole in the valve body
TIP: Place the o-rings
A25 and A26 onto the
valve before installing
A33.
1. Shut off the water supply to your softener and reduce the pressure by opening a cold soft
water faucet.
2. Using a screwdriver, remove the four screws holding the injector cover to the control
valve body.
3. Carefully remove the assembly and disassemble as shown in above figure.
4. The injector orifice is removed from the valve body by carefully turning it out with a large
screwdriver. Remove the injector throat the same way.
5. Carefully flush all parts including the screen. Use a mild acid such as vinegar or Pro-Rust
Out to clean the small holes in the orifice and throat.
6. Reassemble using the reverse procedure.
15
Replacing Brine Line Flow Control (BLFC)
TIP: Markings on the
BLFC washer should face
the direction as shown
here.
1. Remove the red clip that secures the brine elbow.
2. Remove the BLFC holder from the elbow fitting.
3. Split the BLFC holder apart and remove the flow washer.
4. Reassemble using the reverse procedure.
Replacing Drain Line Flow Control (DLFC)
1. Remove the red clip that secures the drain line elbow.
2. Remove the BLFC washer from the elbow fitting.
3. Reassemble using the reverse procedure.
16
Care of Your System
To retain the attractive appearance of your new water softener, clean occasionally with mild
soap solution. Do not use abrasive cleaners, ammonia or solvents. Never subject your softener to freezing or to temperatures above 100°F.
Sanitizing Procedure
Care is taken at the factory to keep your water softener clean and sanitary. Materials used
to make the softener will not infect or contaminate your water supply, and will not cause
bacteria to form or grow. However, during shipping, storage, installing and operating, bacteria could get into the softener. For this reason, sanitizing as follows is suggested when installing.
Sani-System Liquid Sanitizer Concentrate
Item# 80030021—Softener Sanitizer 0.25 fl.oz (24 Pack)
1. Be sure to complete all installation steps, including programming.
2. For effective and complete sanitization, Sani-System Liquid Sanitizer Concentrate is recommended. Pour one 0.25 fl. Oz. package into the brine well located in the cabinet or
brine tank. (Alternative use 3/4 oz of common 5.25% household bleach)
3. Start an immediate regeneration. (See page 11)
4. The Softener Sanitizer Solution is drawn into and through the water softener to sanitize
it. This sanitizing regeneration is over in about two hours. Then, soft water is available
for your use.
NOTE: Sanitizing is recommended by the Water Quality Association for disinfecting. On
some water supplies, they suggest periodic sanitizing.
17
Brine Tank & Res-Up Feeder Assembly
Resin Cleaner
An approved resin cleaner must be used on a regular basis if your water supply contains
iron. The amount of resin cleaner and frequency of use is determined by the quantity of
iron in your water (consult your local representative or follow the directions on the resin
cleaner package).
80030022
64 OZ PRO RESCARE
18
Main Repair Parts
REPLACEMENT PARTS - TWIN TANK
Replacement Part Number
Part Description
60010052
60010002
10010060
60010048
25020041
25020042
25020043
25010058
25030007
50010005
60010005
55010023
30020006
30020011
30020032
55010010
POWER TRANSFORMER 120V-12V
BYPASS / METER
485 UP FLOW VALVE
TOP CONE
844 TANK (75)
948 TANK (100)
1054 TANK (150)
1252 TANK (200)
1465 TANK (300)
DISTRIBUTOR 1X54
OVER FLOW FITTING ASSEMBLY
SAFETY / AIR CHECK ASSEMBLY
BRINE TANK BTR-100 (75,100,150)
BRINE TANK BTR-145 (200)
BRINE TANK BTR-200 (300)
BRINE WELL & CAP
DWG #
Quantity
A
1
B
1
C
1
D
1
E
1
E
1
E
1
E
1
E
1
F
1
G
H
I
I
I
J&K
1
1
1
1
1
1
19
Main Repair Parts - Connectors
A
A
A
C
B
F
D
E
A
REPLACEMENT PARTS - CONNECTORS
Replacement Part Number
Part Description
DWG #
Quantity
60010020
3/4" NPT ELBOW
A
2
60010019
1" NPT STRAIGHT
A
2
60010023
3/4" NPT STRAIGHT
A
2
60010079
VALVE COUPLING INLET
B
1
60010101
VALVE COUPLING OUTLET (METER SIDE)
C
1
60010025
PLASTIC SECURE CLIP
D
2
60010046
BYPASS SS CLIP
E
2
60010047
BYPASS SS SCREW
F
2
20
Control Valve Exploded View
VALVE REPAIR PARTS LIST
Replacement
Part Description
Part Number
Replacement
Part Number
Part Description
60010127
60010126
60010035
60010034
60010033
60010032
60010031
60010128
60010110
60010082
60010129
60010171
60010130
60010131
60010132
60010133
60010135
60010136
60010137
60010138
85HE UPFLOW PISTON ASSEMBLY
85HE DOWNFLOW PISTON ASSEMBLY
85HE SEAL & SPACER KIT
85HE DLFC #1 1.5 GPM
85HE DLFC #2 2.0 GPM
85HE DLFC #3 2.4 GPM
85HE DLFC #5 3.5 GPM
85HE DLFC #A 5.0 GPM
85HE DLFC #B 7.0 GPM
85HE DLFC #C 10.0 GPM
INJECTOR SET #0000 BLACK
INJECTTOR SET #000 GREY
INJECTOR SET #00 VIOLET
INJECTOR SET #0 RED
INJECTOR SET #1 WHITE
INJECTOR SET #2 BLUE
INJECTOR SET #3 YELLOW
BLFC 0.2 GPM
BLFC 0.3 GPM
BLFC 0.7 GPM
21
Control Valve Parts List
485HE CONTROL VALVE (DOWNFLOW)
Replacement
Part Number
MFG Part Number
Part Description
DWG #
Quantity
5056087
Screw-M5x12(Hexagon)
A01
3
5056088
Screw-M5x16(Hexagon With Washer)
A02
2
5056047
End Plug Retainer
A03
1
5031016
BNT85HE Piston Rod
A04
1
5056097
Piston Pin
A05
1
5031015
BNT85HE Quad Ring Plug Cover
A06
1
5056070
Quad Ring
A07
2
5031011
BNT85HE End Plug
A08
1
5031014
BNT85HE Piston Retainer
A09
1
5057001
BNT85HE Piston(Electrical Downflow)
A10
1
5056073
Seal
A11
5
5056021
Spacer
A12
4
5010082
Drain Fitting-B
A13
1
5031005
BNT85HE Spacer
A14
1
5056186
DLFC-2#
A15
1
5056172
Secure Clip-s
A16
2
5031002
BNT85HE Valve Body
A17
1
5056508
Screw-M5x12(Hexagon With Washer)
A18
5
5030004
BNT85 End Cover
A19
1
5030013
O-Ring-¢ 30×2.65
A20
1
5056063
O-Ring-¢78.74×5.33
A21
1
26010103
O-Ring-¢25×3.55
A22
1
7060007
13000426
Valve Bottom Connector
A23
1
Screw-ST2.9X13(Large Washer)
A24
2
5031022
O-Ring-¢32×3
A25
1
5031021
O-Ring-¢18×3
A26
1
5031013
Injector Plug Body
A27
1
30110007
Plastic Ball ¢6
A28
1
30040089
Injector Throat
A29
2
BNT85HE Injector Fixed Sleeve
A30
1
30040090
Injector Nozzle
A31
2
5056103
Injector Screen
A32
1
5031003
BNT85HE Injector Cover Body
A33
1
5031018
O-Ring-¢40×2.65
A34
1
5031004
BNT85HE Injector Cover Cap
A35
1
5031027
Screw-M5x25(Hexagon With Washer)
A36
4
5056075
Seal Mat
A37
1
5056134
O-Ring-¢12×2
A38
3
5056054
Injector Stem
A39
1
5056031
Injector Spacer
A40
1
5056081
O-Ring-¢12.5×1.8
A41
1
5056030
Injector Cap
A42
1
5056093
Injector Screen
A43
1
5010049
Special Washer
A44
1
5056105
Retaining Ring
A45
1
5031010
BNT85HE BLFC Fixed Sleeve
A46
2
5056076
BLFC-2#
A47
1
5005629
Injector Fitting(3/8".Elbow)
A48
1
5031012
22
Power Head Exploded View
23
Power Head Parts List
485HE POWER HEAD (DOWNFLOW)
Replacement
Part Number
MFG Part Number
Part Description
DWG #
Quantity
5056084
Screw-ST3.5X13
B01
10
5010037
Screw-ST2.9X10
B02
9
13000416
Screw-ST3.5X25
B03
1
5031007
BNT85HE Piston Rod Guide Plate
B04
1
5056510
Motor-12v/2rpm
B05
1
5030014
Motor Power Cable
11700005
Wire Connector
5056098
Motor Pin
B06
1
5031006
BNT85HE Mounting Plate
B07
1
1
2
5030009
BNT85 Drive Gear
B08
1
13000426
Screw-ST2.9X13(Large Washer)
A24
2
5056139
Washer-3x13
B09
1
5030007
BNT85 Main Gear
B10
1
5030005
BNT185 Housing
B11
1
5031017
BNT85HE Brine Gear(Downflow)
B12
1
5010023
Magnet(3×2.7)
B13
1
5056141
Washer-4x12
B14
1
5056166
Screw-ST4.2X12(Large Washer)
B15
1
5031016
BNT85HE Piston Rod
A04
1
5010036
Screw-ST3.5X16
B16
1
5031026
BNT85HE Main Pcb(Downflow)
B17
1
5010031
Meter Assembly
1
5010046
Meter Strain Rlief
1
5010029
Power Cable
1
5010035
Power Strain Rlief
1
19010105
Wire Rope-3×100
2
5031024
BNT85HE Display(Downflow)
5030021
BNT85 Wiring Harness
5030003
BNT85 Cover
B18
1
1
B19
1
24
Trouble Shooting
Issue
A. Unit fails to initiate a
regeneration cycle.
B. Water is hard.
Possible Cause
1. No power supply.
2. Defective circuit board.
3. Power failure.
4. Defective meter.
1. By-pass valve open.
2. Out of salt or salt level below water level.
3. Plugged injector / screen.
4. Flow of water blocked to brine tank.
5. Hard water in hot water tank.
6. Leak between valve and central tube.
7. Internal valve leak.
C. Salt use is high.
D. Low water pressure.
E. Resin in drain line.
8. Reserve capacity setting too low.
9. Not enough capacity.
1. Refill time is too high.
2. Defective flow control.
1. Iron or scale build up in line feeding unit.
2. Iron build up inside valve or tank.
3. Inlet of control plugged due to foreign
material.
4. Deteriorated resin. (Maybe caused from
high chlorine or chloramines.)
1. Air in water system.
2. Incorrect drain line flow control (DLFC)
button.
F. Too much water in brine 1. Plugged injector or screen.
tank.
2. Valve not regenerating.
3. Foreign material in brine valve.
4. Unit not drawing brine.
G. Unit fails to draw brine. 1. Drain line flow control is plugged.
2. Injector or screen is plugged.
3. Inlet pressure too low.
4. Internal valve leak.
5. Safety valve closed.
6. Vacuum leak in brine line.
H. Valve continuously
cycles.
I. Flow to drain
continuously.
J. Valve makes beeping
sound.
7. Drain line has kink in it or is blocked.
1. Defective position sensor PCB.
1. Valve settings incorrect.
2. Foreign material in control valve.
3. Internal leak.
4. Piston is stuck in position. Motor may have
failed or gears have jammed or disengaged.
1. The piston has not advanced to the next
cycle position properly.
Possible Solution
Check electrical service, fuse, etc.
Replace faulty parts.
Reset time of day.
Replace turbine meter.
Close by-pass valve.
Add salt to tank.
Clean parts.
Check brine tank refill rate.
Repeat flushing of hot water tank required.
Check if central tube is cracked or o-ring is
damaged. Replace faulty parts.
Replace valve seals, spacer, and piston
assembly.
Increase reserve capacity.
Increase salt dosage.
Check refill time setting.
Replace.
Clean pipes.
Clean control and add resin cleaner to clean
bed. Increase regeneration frequency.
Remove piston and clean control valve.
Re-bed unit. Consider adding carbon pretreatment.
Check well system for proper air eliminator
control.
Check for proper flow rate.
Clean parts.
Replace circuit board, motor, or control.
Clean parts.
Check for vacuum leak in brine line
connections.
Clean parts.
Clean parts.
Increase pressure to 25 PSI.
Replace seals, spacers, and piston assembly.
Check for leak in brine line connections.
Replace safety float assembly.
Check for leak in brine line connections.
Tighten all connections.
Check drain line.
Replace faulty parts.
Check valve settings.
Clean control.
Replace seals, spacers, and piston assembly.
Check for power to motor. Check for loose
wire. Check for jammed gears or gears
disengaged. Replace faulty parts.
Check for power to motor. Check for loose
wire. Check for jammed gears or gears
disengaged.
25
Warranty
Novo Water Conditioning Products warrants that your new water conditioner is built of
quality material and workmanship. When properly installed and maintained, it will give
years of trouble free service.
Seven Year Complete Parts Guarantee
Novo Water Conditioning Products will replace any part which fails within 84 months
from date of manufacture, as indicated by the serial number, provided the failure is due to a
defect in material or workmanship. The only exception shall be when proof of purchase or
installation is provided and then the warranty period shall be from the date thereof.
Life Time Warranty on Mineral Tanks and Brine Tanks
Novo Water Conditioning Products will provide a replacement mineral tank or brine tank to
any original equipment purchaser in possession of a tank that fails provided that the water
conditioner is at all times operated in accordance with specifications and not subject to
freezing.
General Provisions
Novo Water Conditioning Products assumes no responsibility for consequential damage, labour or expense incurred as a result of a defect or for failure to meet the terms of these
guarantees because of circumstances beyond its control.
Novo Water Conditioning is a Division of Canature North America Inc.
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