Moog Sub 37 User manual

Moog Sub 37 User manual
“I see my job as being one that
must
the
provide
the
capability
complexity
and
of
artist
with
imparting
dynamics
to
h i s m u s i c . ” - D r. R o b e r t M o o g
3
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING - WHEN USING ELECTRIC PRODUCTS, THESE BASIC PRECAUTIONS SHOULD
ALWAYS BE FOLLOWED.
1. Read all the instructions before using the product.
A. Keep these instructions. B. Heed all warnings. C. Follow all instructions
2. WARNING: Do not use this product near water. To reduce risk of fire or electric shock, do not expose
this product to rain or moisture. - For example, but not limited to: near a bathtub, washbowl, kitchen sink, in a wet
basement, or near a swimming pool or the like.
3. This product, in combination with an amplifier and headphones or speakers, may be capable of
producing sound levels that could cause permanent hearing loss. Do not operate for a long period
of time at a high volume level or at a level that is uncomfortable.
4. The product should be located so that its location does not interfere with its proper ventilation.
Do not block any ventilation openings with any items including but not limited to newspapers,
table-cloths, curtains, etc. Install in accordance with the instructions in this manual only.
5. The product should be located away from heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, or
other products that produce heat. No naked flame sources (such as candles, lighters, etc.) should be
placed near this product.
6. The product should be connected to a power supply only of the type described in the operating
instructions or as marked on the product.
7. The power-supply cord of the product should be unplugged from the AC mains socket-outlet
when left unused for a long period of time or during lightning storms.
8. Care should be taken so that objects do not fall and liquids are not spilled into the enclosure
through openings.
9. Clean only with a dry cloth.
10. The product should be serviced by qualified personnel when:
a. The power supply cord or the plug has been damaged.
b. Objects have fallen, or liquid has been spilled onto the product.
c. The product has been exposed to rain.
d. The product does not appear to operate normally or exhibits a marked change in performance.
e. The product has been dropped or the enclosure damaged.
INSTRUCTIONS PERTAINING TO RISK OF FIRE, ELECTRIC SHOCK, OR INJURY TO PERSONS.
Do not open the chassis. There are no user serviceable parts inside. Refer all servicing to qualified personnel only.
GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS: This product must be earth-grounded; if it should malfunction or breakdown,
earth-grounding provides a path of least resistance for the electrical current to reduce the risk of electric shock.
This product is equipped with a cord having an equipment grounding connector and a earth-grounding plug (plug
with a third prong). The plug must be plugged into an appropriate socket outlet that is properly installed and
earth-grounded in accordance with all local codes and ordinances.
DANGER: Improper connection of the equipment’s earth-grounding connector can result in a risk of electric
shock. Check with a qualified electrician or serviceman if you are in doubt as to whether the product is properly
earth-grounded. Do not modify the plug provided with this product – if it will not fit in the socket-outlet, have a
proper outlet installed by a qualified electrician.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital device, pursuant to
part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
—Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
—Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
—Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
—Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
CAUTION: Please note that any changes or modifications made to this product not expressly approved
by Moog Music Inc. could void the user’s authority granted by the FCC to operate the equipment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
7
UNPACKING & INSPECTION
7
SETUP & CONNECTIONS
9
OVERVIEW & FEATURES
9
BASICS OF SOUND
12
BANK & PRESET SELECTION
13
PROGRAMMING SECTION
14
KEYBOARD OCTAVE BUTTONS
15
ARPEGGIATOR SECTION
17
STEP SEQUENCER
18
STEP EDIT MODE
21
GLIDE SECTION
22
MODULATION SECTION
25
OSCILLATORS SECTION
27
MIXER SECTION
28
FILTER SECTION
29
ENVELOPE GENERATORS
34
OUTPUT SECTION
35
MIDI MENU
TABLE OF CONTENTS
39
PRESET MENU
43
GLOBAL MENU
50
CONTROLLERS MENU
52
MIDI OPERATIONS
56
NRPN OPERATIONS
60
SERVICE & SUPPORT INFO
61
SPECIFICATIONS
UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
Check the contents of the shipping carton
Be careful when unpacking the Sub 37 so that nothing is lost or damaged. Moog recommends saving
the carton and all packing materials in case you ever need to ship the instrument for any reason.
The Moog Sub 37 ships with the following items:
I. Sub 37 analog synthesizer
II. Power cord
III. Owner’s manual
IV. Registration card
What you will need:
I. A stand or table sufficient to support the Sub 37
II. Either a 1/4 inch instrument cable and amplified speakers or headphones with a 1/4 inch plug
III. A properly wired AC outlet
SETUP AND CONNECTIONS
Place the Sub 37 on a stable surface such as a keyboard stand at a height suitable for playing comfortably.
External
Audio in
I
O
USB MIDI
5-Pin DIN MIDI
Control Voltage
7
POWER
Plug one end of the supplied AC cord into the standard IEC power connector on the Sub 37’s left-side
panel. Plug the other end into an AC outlet. Warning: An apparatus with CLASS I construction (such as
this device) shall be connected to a MAINS socket outlet with a protective earthing connection. The Sub
37’s universal power supply will operate with 50/60Hz AC power sources ranging from 100 to 240 VAC
/ 50-60 Hz using 13W. Flip on the power switch located next to the power connector.
NOTE: It may take as long as 60 seconds for the Sub 37 to warm up before oscillator tuning has
stabilized if you’ve left it outside on a cold night. (Although its oscillators are surprisingly stable, the Sub
37 is an analog synthesizer, after all.)
AUDIO OUT
With the MASTER VOLUME turned all the way down, plug one end of a 1/4 inch instrument cable into
the Sub 37’s AUDIO OUT jack and the other end into an amplified speaker or mixing console input.
Adjust the level by slowly turning the MASTER VOLUME knob clockwise while playing the keyboard.
If you’ll be using headphones, plug them into the headphones jack (on the front panel’s bottom-right
corner) with HEADPHONE VOLUME turned all the way down. Adjust the level by slowly turning the
HEADPHONE VOLUME knob clockwise while playing the keyboard. Note that MASTER VOLUME
must be turned up as well.
EXTERNAL AUDIO IN
Located just above the AUDIO OUT jack, the jack labeled EXT IN allows the Sub 37 to shape and filter
external sounds. This is an unbalanced input that accepts a line-level signal.
NOTE: You must press a key to pass external audio through the Sub 37. You also can use a Moog FS-1
footswitch, or simply press the LATCH ON button in the Amplifier Envelope section and make sure that
the Amplifier Envelope’s SUSTAIN level is up.
USB
To use the Sub 37 with a computer, connect one end of a USB cable to the Sub 37’s USB port and the
other end to an available USB port on your computer. The Sub 37 supports MIDI I/O over USB, but not
audio data. The Sub 37 is class compliant. No drivers are required for USB MIDI connectivity.
MIDI
Using the Sub 37 with an external MIDI device requires one or two MIDI cables. To use the Sub 37 as a
MIDI controller, connect one end of a MIDI cable to the Sub 37’s MIDI OUT jack and the other end to
another device’s MIDI IN jack.
To control the Sub 37 from an external MIDI controller, connect one end of a MIDI cable to the Sub 37’s
MIDI IN jack and the other end to an external controller’s MIDI OUT jack. By default, the Sub 37 is set
to transmit and receive MIDI data on MIDI Channel 1.
CONTROL VOLTAGE IN
The PITCH CV, FILTER CV, and VOL CV inputs each accepts an expression pedal (such as the Moog EP- 3)
or a control voltage signal from 0 to +5 volts. If you connect a TRS expression pedal to VOL CV, you can
use your foot to control the Sub 37’s output level. If you connect a TRS expression pedal to FILTER CV,
you can sweep the filter cutoff in the same manner. The PITCH CV input is calibrated so that a one-volt
change in the control voltage will result in a one-octave change in frequency.
The KB GATE input accepts a +5 volt signal, which causes the Sub 37’s envelopes to trigger.
8
OVERVIEW AND FEATURES
The Sub 37 is a 2-note paraphonic analog synthesizer, built in the tradition of classic Moog
synthesizers. It is housed in a rugged black steel chassis with aluminum extrusion, and finished with
classic wood sidepieces. Your new Sub 37 starts with a high-quality, 37-note keyboard that has both
velocity sensitivity and aftertouch. This offers a highly expressive and musical playing experience.
All critical performance and sound design features are provided directly on the front panel, which is
equipped with 40 knobs and 74 switches. This makes creating, saving, and retrieving your own sounds
fast and effortless. Each knob and switch on your Sub 37 also sends and receives MIDI, making the Sub
37 a completely automatable analog synthesizer and powerful MIDI controller.
Unlike its smaller sibling, the Sub 37 has the ability to play more than one note at a time via a new
function called DUO MODE. This allows each of the Sub 37’s highly stable oscillators to play completely
independent pitches from one another. Voices are then processed through a single, classic 20Hz-20kHz
Moog Ladder Filter. The Filter section has a dedicated selector switch for filter slope, and control for
MultiDrive. When combined with the new Mixer Feedback function, a vast array of sound creation
possibilities become available.
The Sub 37 boasts 2 fully assignable modulation busses, 2 DAHDSR looping envelopes, and a
powerful arpeggiator with a paraphonic 64-note step sequencer. Each of these sections has a
dedicated SYNC switch, which allows you to easily determine which features are synchronized
to MIDI, internal clock, or running free.
With its extensive feature set and one-knob-per-function design, the Sub 37 is the ideal instrument for
any synthesist, sound designer, or performing musician.
BASICS OF SOUND
If you’re new to the world of music synthesis, it helps to have at least a rudimentary understanding of
music and acoustics. Even if you know this stuff like the back of your hand, it never hurts to approach it
from a fresh perspective.
Several qualities distinguish one musical sound from another, including pitch, loudness, duration, and
timbre. Being able to manipulate those qualities allows you to turn raw sound into music.
Simply put, sound occurs when a vibrating object causes the air around it to vibrate. That object could
be a guitar string, a loudspeaker, or anything capable of rapid movement. An individual vibration is
called a wave or cycle, and the rate of vibration is called frequency. Frequency determines the sound’s
pitch, and pitch determines how high or how low you perceive the sound on a musical scale. Frequency
is measured in Hertz (abbreviated Hz), which describes the actual number of times that something
vibrates every second. One thousand cycles per second is called a kilohertz (kHz).
w ave l e n g t h
amplitude
l ow f r e q u e n c y
high frequency
9
BASICS OF SOUND (CONTINUED)
Amplitude—the intensity of vibration—determines a sound’s loudness. A high-amplitude sound
is loud, and a low-amplitude sound is soft. A vibrating source’s loudness depends on the amount
of air it displaces, and that depends on how hard it vibrates.
It’s difficult for anyone to identify a musical instrument simply by the pitch or loudness of the sounds
it makes. Every musical sound also has a characteristic tone color or timbre (pronounced tam’–br, as
in tamborine, not tim’–br, as in a tree falling). Differences in timbre make it possible to distinguish one
instrument from another.
If you analyze a single cycle of a musical sound, you can perceive it as a complex combination of
simple sine waves, each wave different in frequency and amplitude. When their frequencies are wholenumber multiples of each other (and in musical sounds, they usually are), those simple waves are called
harmonics. A sound’s timbre depends on its harmonic content. The first harmonic—the one with the
lowest frequency and usually the greatest amplitude—determines its pitch. Higher harmonics are often
called overtones. Normally, the higher the overtone’s frequency, then the weaker its amplitude.
When those harmonics are combined in a musical sound, a single cycle of that sound has a specific
shape, which synthesists call a waveform. Just as the frequencies and relative amplitudes of the
sound’s harmonics determine its waveform, the waveform determines the sound’s timbre.
Instead of producing sounds acoustically the way vibrating objects do, synthesizers generate
electrical signals that are amplified and converted to sound. Just as sound has frequency and
amplitude, so does the kind of alternating current produced by a synthesizer. An analog
synthesizer’s primary sound source is called an oscillator.
The oscillator’s waveform, of course, determines the sound’s harmonic content. Some waveforms
are rich in harmonics, while others have relatively few. Depending on the waveform, some overtones
may be absent altogether. Waveforms with lots of overtones, such as sawtooth and square waves, are
harmonically the most complex. Waveforms with fewer overtones, such as triangle and narrow pulse
waves, are harmonically less complex.
Rather than building up waveforms one harmonic at a time, the way a Hammond organ does,
analog synthesizers like the Sub 37 provide the means to shape and filter complex, harmonically
rich waveforms to selectively remove, reduce, or emphasize specific harmonics—a technique called
subtractive synthesis.
KB: Keyboard (Pitch Voltage)
VCO: Voltage Controlled Oscillator
VCF: Voltage Controlled Filter
EG: Envelope Generator
LFO: Low Frequency Oscillator
VCA: Voltage Controlled Amplifier
T h e
10
S u b r a c t i v e
S y n t h e s i s
M o d e l
The oscillators, filter, modulators, and other parts are connected in the most useful ways for
producing and modifying electronic signals that result in sounds. Unlike on a modular synthesizer,
many connections between the Sub 37’s various parts are hardwired, meaning that it is not possible
to change the routing of the pathways that connect them.
The electrical signals within a synthesizer are either audio signals or control signals, depending on
the pathway they follow. Typically, an audio signal begins with an oscillator and passes through the
filter on its way to the audio output. Control signals are used to change things, like the pitch, timbre,
waveshape, or loudness of an audio signal.
Any time a signal controls something, no matter whether it’s controlling an audio signal or another
control signal, we say that it modulates it. In synth-speak, you could say that a steering wheel
modulates a car’s direction and the accelerator pedal modulates its speed. When you play the Sub 37’s
keyboard, the key you press modulates the instrument’s pitch. You can modulate filter cutoff by turning
a knob manually, or you can apply a control signal from a low-frequency oscillator or envelope to
modulate it electronically. It’s worth noting that a control destination can be modulated by more than
one control source.
The diagram below illustrates how the Sub 37 generates sound. It shows the flow of audio signals,
represented by solid lines, and control signals, represented by dotted lines.
VCO 1
SUB LVL
FILT SLOPE
SELECT
VCO 1
LVL
MULTIDRIVE
VCO 1 MOD
& CNTRL
PITCH 1 CV
& MOD
NOTE
SYNC
PITCH 2 CV
& MOD
OSC 1-2
SYNC
VCO 1
SUB
SUB 1
VCO 1
WAVE
VCO 1
VCO 1
CORE
H. PHONE
AUDIO
MIXER
VCO 2
CORE
VCO 2
WAVE
VCO 2
NOISE
CORE
NOISE
LADDER
FILTER
MULTIDRIVE
VCA
AUDIO
OUT
VCO 2 MOD
& CNTRL
VCO 2
LVL
FEEDBACK
NOISE
LVL
FDBK/EXT
AUDIO LVL
EXT. AUDIO
EXT
AUD
FILTER EG
CV & MOD
RESONANCE
VCA EG
& CV
You can control the Sub 37 using control voltages and MIDI commands. When the Sub 37 receives
either a control signal from the onboard keyboard or a Note On command from an external MIDI
source, it responds by sending a gate signal to trigger the envelopes and a control voltage (CV) to
control oscillator pitch. The envelopes respond by sending control signals to the amplifier and filter.
Every knob and button on the Sub 37 transmits MIDI data (when in NRPN Mode). This functionality is
useful for recording your knob turns and button presses into a computer-based DAW, as well as for
controlling external devices using the Sub 37’s front-panel controls. All the settings that make up a
patch are called its parameters, which is simply another name for settings.
11
BANK & PRESET SELECTION
The Sub 37 ships with 256 user-editable preset locations, which are arranged in 16 banks of 16 patches
per bank. The following section will show you how recall existing patches, and also how to edit and
save your own patches. (The word patch is a holdover from modular synthesis, which requires patch
cords to connect the various modules.)
SELECT A BANK & PRESET (USING BANK/PRESET BUTTONS)
1. Press the BANK button, which will illuminate.
2. Press one of the PRESET buttons labeled 1 - 16. Your bank is now selected. (The BANK and PRESET
buttons will darken until a new preset is selected).
3. Now select a preset from within your selected bank by pressing the desired PRESET button labeled
1 - 16. The corresponding PRESET button will now remain illuminated.
NOTE: If you press a PRESET 1 - 16 button without first pressing BANK, you will simply choose presets
from within the current bank.
Take your time, listen to all the presets, and turn some knobs to get a feel for how you can use them
to alter sounds. To return to the original stored preset, just select it again by pressing the currently
illuminated PRESET number button.
NOTE: If your display screen is not in PRESET mode and you wish to see which bank you are currently
in, press the BANK button and one of the buttons from 1 – 16 will illuminate. Press the BANK button
again to return to PRESET selection mode.
SELECT A BANK & PRESET (USING CURSOR AND BUTTONS)
Make sure that the PRESET button in the PROGRAMMING section is lit. The display screen will show
the title of the preset (one or two lines) followed by its bank (BNK) and preset (PRESET) numbers. The
last line shows the category (CAT) for that preset.
You can scroll through individual presets by using the CURSOR button to highlight the PRESET
number field. Now use the
buttons to scroll through all 256 presets. If you press and hold
either button it will scroll rapidly.
As you pass the 16th preset in a bank, the Sub 37 will jump to preset 1 in the next bank.
BROWSING ALL PRESETS IN A SPECIFIC CATEGORY
1. Press the CURSOR until you have highlighted the category type (MISC, LEAD, BASS, BRASS, etc.).
2. Now use the
buttons to scroll through available category types.
3. Once you have made your selection press the CURSOR button until you have highlighted CAT.
4. The
buttons will now allow you to scroll through every patch in your selected category.
NOTE: Category types can be assigned when you are in the SAVE mode.
SAVING AND NAMING PRESETS
Saving presets is a simple maneuver. Just remember that whenever you save a preset to a particular
location, the preset previously stored in that location will be deleted.
12
TO SAVE A PRESET:
1. Press the SAVE button.
2. You will be given an opportunity to name your preset. Use the
buttons to select a character,
and use the FINE TUNE knob to scroll through the available characters. Now use the
buttons to
select CAT (Category), and the FINE TUNE knob to assign your preset to a sound category. Press SAVE
to accept. (You can also press CURSOR and use the buttons to edit an individual character).
3. Using the BANK/PRESET buttons on the bottom of the front panel, select a save location for your
preset. (If you are already in the bank you want, you can simply choose from PRESET 1-16).
4. Press and hold SAVE for one second to confirm and complete the save process. To cancel saving,
simply press the PRESET button.
NOTE: When you first press the SAVE button, the current positions of all sound controls are frozen so
that they can be saved with the preset.
PROGRAMMING SECTION
The Sub 37 has a wealth of user-selectable features and functions not found on
its panel. The PROGRAMMING section allows you to easily access and update
any of these things expediently.
Dec , Inc
, and CURSOR buttons: These buttons are used for selecting
presets, menu navigation, and editing parameters shown on the Sub 37’s
LCD display panel.
COMPARE
This button allows you to load an existing preset without discarding any
changes you have made to a current sound. To alternate between a stored
preset and a currently modified sound simply press the COMPARE button.
When the COMPARE button is illuminated, you are listening to a stored preset
and no changes can be made to the sound. When in this mode you can,
however, audition different presets without discarding your currently modified
sound. When the COMPARE button is dark, you have exited COMPARE mode
and are listening to your currently edited sound.
NOTE: You can also press PRESET to exit compare mode.
SAVE
This button is used to initiate the saving of a preset.
MIDI / GLOBAL
These buttons allow you to access and edit system settings for your Sub 37
including MIDI channel selection, pot modes, and keyboard note priority. This is also where you find
useful operations like note calibration and exporting presets. To learn more about MIDI and GLOBAL
settings, go to page 35 (MIDI) and page 43 (GLOBAL).
13
PROGRAMMING SECTION (CONTINUED)
PRESET / PANEL
These buttons select the performance mode of your Sub 37. In PRESET mode, the sound you hear
reflects the position that the panel knobs and buttons were in when the preset was saved, regardless
of their current position. In PANEL mode, the sound you hear reflects the current position of the frontpanel knobs and buttons. Parameters in this mode (other than the knobs) are saved in a special buffer,
so you can pre-set the panel to retain any non-knob settings you choose. Any sequence data you have
created before exiting the PANEL mode will also be stored to this buffer. To load the PANEL settings
without loading its sequence, hold BANK while pressing PANEL to enter panel mode.
PRESET EDIT
Press and hold the PRESET / EDIT button to enter the PRESET EDIT MENU. This is where additional
preset parameters that would not fit on the front panel are located. To learn more about the PRESET
EDIT MENU, go to page 39.
INITIALIZE PANEL
Press and hold the PANEL / INIT button to initialize the Sub 37 panel settings to a default state. This is
a great place to start when creating new sounds from scratch.
FINE TUNE
Use this knob to adjust the frequency of both oscillators as much as one semitone up or down from
its center position. Fine-tuning is useful for putting the Sub 37 in tune with any other instruments that
deviate slightly from standard pitch.
KEYBOARD OCTAVE BUTTONS
Use the KB OCTAVE buttons to extend the Sub 37’s
keyboard from its normal three-octave range to a full
seven octaves.
Pressing the
button once transposes the Sub 37’s pitch down an octave. Pressing it again transposes
it down another octave. Likewise, pressing the
button transposes the pitch up an octave, and pressing it
again transposes it up another octave. When neither button is illuminated the Sub 37’s keyboard is playing
in its standard octave. When a KB OCTAVE button is dimly lit, the keyboard is transposed a single octave.
When a KB OCTAVE button is brightly lit, the keyboard is transposed two octaves.
NOTE: Since this is an analog synthesizer based on 1 volt-per-octave scaling, the extreme high and low
ranges of the keyboard may play notes that are not perfectly in tune.
The KB OCTAVE buttons also transpose the MIDI Note Numbers that the Sub 37 transmits by
corresponding amounts.
DEFAULT KB OCTAVE
Briefly pressing both KB OCTAVE buttons together will reset the Sub 37 to its standard octave
regardless of current octave selection.
QUICK KEYBOARD TRANSPOSE
While holding both the KB OCTAVE UP and DOWN at the same time, play any single note in the lower
two octaves of keys to transpose the entire Sub 37 keyboard from -12 half-steps to +12 half-steps.
Pressing Middle C will set the transposition to +0 (default). Keys to the left of Middle C will transpose
downward, and keys above Middle C will transpose upwards. The KB TRNSPOSE value will be reflected
in the PRESET EDIT 1.5 parameter as well. This is stored as part of the preset.
MIDI PANIC
Holding both KB OCTAVE buttons at the same time for about one second will send a MIDI Panic (All
Notes and Controllers Off) message.
14
ARPEGGIATOR SECTION
With the Arpeggiator ON button lit, any note or group of notes you
play will be sequenced according to the settings in the Arpeggiator
section and menu. You can also record and playback a 1 to 64 note step
sequence, which can be stored with each preset.
LATCH
When ON, the Arpeggiator will keep looping in its current state without
the need to hold a physical note. A new note or group of notes will initiate
a new note sequence based on the Arpeggiator Menu settings. If notes
are played and held while LATCH is ON, playing additional notes will add
to the current list of notes to be arpeggiated. If all notes are released, the
first new note played will initiate a new note sequence.
RATE
This knob sets the rate of the arpeggiator from 2 BPM (beats-per-minute)
to 280 BPM. When the SYNC button is illuminated the RATE knob is used
to select clock divisions of the Sub 37’s internal clock or an external MIDI
clock. For more information on MIDI clock divisions, go to page 52.
SYNC
When ON this button synchronizes the arpeggiator to external MIDI
clock messages. MIDI clock messages are 24 ppq (pulses-per-quarternote) messages that can be sent via MIDI computer sequencers, drum
machines, etc... To enable the sending of these messages, consult the user
manual for your external MIDI device. When the arpeggiator is synchronized to a MIDI clock tempo,
the arpeggiator can be set to time divisions of this tempo using the arpeggiator’s RATE knob. (Time
divisions range from 4 whole notes up to a 64th note triplet).
WARNING: When SYNC is ON, and you are not in TAP TEMPO mode, the arp/sequencer will not play
unless MIDI clock is received.
[TAP]
The SYNC button can also be used to set the arpeggiator’s rate to a desired tempo. To initiate Tap
Tempo of the arpeggiator, press and hold the SYNC button for 1 second. You can now tap the SYNC
button switch at the tempo you want (1/4 notes). On the third tap, the Sub 37’s internal clock will
change rates to match the timing of the switch presses. If you continue to tap the SYNC switch, the
internal clock will be set by a running average of the time between switch presses. To start over, wait
five seconds and then tap the SYNC switch three times to set a new tempo. To exit the Tap Tempo
mode press and hold the SYNC button for 1 second.
RANGE
Use the RANGE buttons to choose how many octaves the arpeggiator will play above or below the
actual notes pressed. The LEDs will indicate -2 octaves, -1 octave, 0 octaves, +1 octave, or +2 octaves.
If you press either RANGE button more than two times you will light up both the 0 and the -2 or +2
LEDs. In this mode the arpeggiator will play all the notes in the original octave, the 2nd octave, the 3rd
octave, and then back to the 2nd octave before returning to the original octave.
15
ARPEGGIATOR SECTION (CONTINUED)
BACK / FORTH
When the BACK / FORTH button is illuminated the arpeggiator will play the UP or DWN patterns in a
bi-directional fashion, making UP play up then down, and making DWN play down then up.
For example, if you choose the UP pattern without the BACK / FORTH button and hold C-E-G, you’ll
get C-E-G-C-E-G etc. But, if the BACK / FORTH button is lit you’ll get C-E-G-E-C. If the PATTERN
switch is set to ORDR the arpeggiator will play notes in order and then in reverse order. The
BACK /FORTH setting has no effect on the RND pattern.
NOTE: There is a parameter in the PRESET EDIT MENU (Page 39) called END NOTES that determines if
the beginning and ending notes of the arpeggiation are played once (ONCE) or twice (TWICE) when they
change direction. For example, if you’re arpeggiating C-E-G using the UP Pattern with the BACK / FORTH
button lit, you get C-E-G-E-C etc. if you choose ONCE. If you choose TWICE you’ll get C-E-G-G-E-C-C etc.
INVERT
When the INVERT button is lit the arpeggiator will play each note in two or three successive octaves
before moving to the next note. If the RANGE parameter is set to +1 with INVERT lit, and you hold
C-E-G, you will get C, C up one octave, E, E up one octave, G, and G up one octave. Because this
function is octave based, the INVERT button will have no effect if the arpeggiation RANGE is set to 0.
PATTERN
Use the PATTERN knob to choose the manner in which notes are played back by the Sub 37
arpeggiator. When UP is selected, held notes will play back in order of pitch from lowest to highest.
When DWN is selected, held notes will play back in order of pitch from highest to lowest. When ORDR
is selected, held notes will play back in the order they were held. When RND is selected, held notes
will play back in a completely random order.
You can also use the PATTERN knob to select the SUB 37’s built-in Step Sequencer. If the arpeggiator
is not running, setting the PATTERN knob to REC and playing a new note will clear any existing
sequencer data. This allows you to record a new Step Sequence containing up to 64 notes. If you
turned the PATTERN knob to REC by mistake, that’s okay. Simply turn it back to the desired position
and your original sequence will still be there. Learn more about the step sequencer on page 17.
ON / REST
The ON button is used to engage or disengage the arpeggiator, allowing you to pre-set the arpeggiator and
then turn it on as needed. When in Step Sequence Record mode, the ON button becomes REST. Pressing the
REST button will advance to the sequencer to the next step and add a silent REST to your Sequence.
LATCH / TIE
When ON, the LATCH button allows the Sub 37 to continue playing an arpeggio or sequence even after
all the keys have been released. When in Step Sequence Record mode, pressing the LATCH button
becomes TIE, which will connect your previous note to the next note you play without advancing to
the next step in a sequence.
16
STEP SEQUENCER BASICS
With the arpeggiator disengaged (ON button is darkened), turn the PATTERN knob to REC. The next
key you press will erase any existing step sequence data and enter a note for step 1. The LCD display
will also show REC 01 / 01, indicating that you have recorded step 1 of a (so far) 1-step sequence. Each
successive key press (or REST) will advance you to the next step number for up to 64 steps.
After entering a note, pressing the TIE button will tie (connect) your previous note to the next note you
play. If you play a different note from the previous one using a tie, you will hear the new pitch without
triggering the envelopes. If you play the same note as the previous one using a tie, you will effectively
double the length of the note.
NOTE: With Glide set to ON and the LEGATO button illuminated, the glide effect will only occur between
the tied notes.
You can also create a tie between two different notes by pressing a second note before releasing the
previous note. This shortcut will not work if you are in DUO MODE.
After recording your step sequence, turn the PATTERN knob to SEQ. Then press the Arpeggiator ON
button. Now you can play back your step sequence in any transposition by pressing a key. The key you
press will be the starting note of your step sequence.
NOTE: In the GLOBAL MENU, if you set REF NOTE to be MID C, then pressing Middle C will play back
your step sequence exactly as you recorded it. Playing C# will play back your sequence a half step up.
Playing the Bb below Middle C will play your sequence a whole step lower.
STEP SEQUENCING IN DUO MODE
With DUO MODE engaged, you can choose (per step) whether
to enter one or two notes together. When two notes are played
simultaneously, the sequencer captures two separate pitches.
The KB CONTROL settings determine which oscillator follows
which note.
When you play the sequence back you will hear both notes on steps that were recorded with two
notes, and both oscillators playing together on steps in which only one note was pressed.
During playback, if you hold down two notes, all of the recorded duo notes will play back normally. Any
single recorded notes, however, will follow your two keys as dictated by KB CTRL settings. This allows you
to play real-time pitches along with a step sequence any time there is only one note recorded in a step.
If your step sequence consists only of single notes you can play along with your own melody. If your step
sequence consists only of duo notes, then playing a second key during playback will have no effect.
NOTE: A step sequence can be stored with each preset. This means you can store multiple versions of a
single preset, allowing you to switch between different sequences while continuing with the same sound.
17
STEP EDIT MODE
Using the Step Edit mode you can edit everything about every step of a sequence (in real or
non-real time). For each step, this includes the note number of either one or two notes, the velocity
of the step, whether there’s a rest or a tie, and the per-step SEQ MOD value. You can also decide
(non-destructively) which step is the first step, and which step is the last step of the sequence. You
can ROTATE (shift) the pattern relative to the downbeat, SKIP any desired steps, and add a rapid
note subdivision to any step via RATCHET.
ENTER / EXIT STEP EDIT MODE
Set the ARPEGGIATOR PATTERN knob to either SEQ or REC. Then hold
the BANK button and press the LATCH button to enter or exit STEP EDIT
MODE. You can also exit Step Edit mode by moving the PATTERN
knob away from REC and SEQ (UP, DWN, ORDER, or RND).
In STEP EDIT MODE, the PRESET buttons (1 - 16) are used to show and edit the pattern’s step data.
Steps 1 through 64 are displayed as four pages, with each page representing 16 of the steps at a time. To
change which sequence page is currently displayed, hold the BANK button and press the KB OCTAVE
button to increment the sequence page, and the KB OCTAVE
button to decrement the sequence
page. The page number is indicated (P1 - P4) in the bottom right corner of the LCD display.
SEQ PG CHASE (Located in GLOBAL MENU 2)
Toggles the page-chase behavior for the sequence page display. When ON (default) the step buttons
(PRESET 1 - 16) will first show steps 1 - 16, and then steps 17 - 32, then 33 - 48, etc. When SEQ PG
CHASE is OFF, the step buttons will remain on the sequence page selected by the user.
VISUAL INDICATIONS OF STEP EDIT MODE
When the BANK button is pulsating slowly, it indicates that you are in Step Edit mode. These pulses
also indicate that no specific step has been chosen for editing.
The bottom line of the LCD gives four pieces of information (from left to right):
• Stop , Play , and Pause show the sequence’s play status.
• EDIT indicates that you are in Step Edit mode.
• CURRENT STEP (1/XX) shows which step of a sequence you are on.
• LAST STEP (X/64) shows the last step number; after playing the last step, the sequence will
repeat from the beginning.
The PRESET buttons are lit dimly for active steps, dark for rests, and dark for all steps after the last step.
Ex. For an 8-step sequence with a rest on step 5, steps 1 - 4 and 6 - 8 would be dimly lit. Steps 5 and
steps 9 - 64 would be dark.
During playback, the current step is lit at full brightness. This brightness will chase across the
PRESET 1 - 16 buttons in sync with the sequence playback.
EDITING A STEP
To select a specific step for editing, hold the BANK button and press a step button [PRESET 1 - 16].
The BANK button will go dark, and the selected step button now pulsates. Now that you’ve selected a
step for editing, you can choose any other step to edit by simply pressing that desired step’s button.
To exit this mode (and deselect any step for individual editing), simply press the BANK button. The
BANK button will resume pulsing, and the previously selected step button will return to its specified
state (active, rest, currently playing, etc.) as described above.
18
EDITING A STEP (CONTINUED)
While a step is selected for editing:
REST [ON] and TIE [LATCH] buttons show and toggle the rest or tie state for the selected step.
Note entry (via keyboard or MIDI) edits the pitch of the selected step as follows:
• Any non-legato note sets Pitch 1 and clears the Rest, Tie, and Ratchet data.
• Any legato note sets Pitch 2.
NOTE: If the DUO MODE button is held when a note is entered, then the note entry sets Pitch 2 without
modifying Pitch 1.
If, during step editing, the PATTERN knob is set to REC (instead of SEQ), then the selected step also
determines the step from which step recording will commence. After the release of all notes, the step
is deselected and the sequence is advanced to the next step. The Sub 37 is now ready to record all
further notes in the normal fashion for step recording.
TIE GROUPS OF STEPS
Hold a step button and press another step button to Tie these steps and any steps in-between
together. If the last step of this new Tie group was already set with a Tie, then the original Tie will be
cleared. Press the same two step buttons together a second time to un-Tie all the notes in the group.
TOGGLE STEP REST STATE
Press and release a single step button to toggle Rest on/off.
SET FIRST STEP/LAST STEP
To set a certain step as the sequence’s first step, press and hold the desired step button and press the
KB OCTAVE
button. To set a certain step as the sequence’s last step, press and hold the desired
step button, and press the KB OCTAVE
button.
NOTE: You can also CURSOR to the last step number displayed on the LCD and dictate a new last step
using the
buttons.
ROTATE PATTERN
You can shift the entire sequence’s step data “left” or “right” (relative to the downbeat) by holding
BANK and pressing the ARPEGGIATOR RANGE [<] and [>] buttons.
BANK + RANGE [<] shifts the pattern to the left by one step per press.
BANK + RANGE [>] shifts the pattern to the right by one step per press.
NOTE: When rotating patterns, there are two Sequencer Transpose modes found in the GLOBAL MENU
2.2/SEQ OPTIONS sub menu. The options are FIRST (First Note - default) or MID C (Middle C plays
recorded pitch). If transposition is based on “First Note” and you rotate a pattern, this will affect how the
sequence is transposed when you play a new key on the keyboard. The new first note becomes the new
root note for transposing from the keyboard. In MID C mode, playing Middle C on the keyboard (note 48)
will cause the sequence to play in its recorded key, regardless of which pitch has been rotated to be the
first in the sequence. If you plan on Rotating your patterns while playing live, it’s best that you choose
MID C in the GLOBAL MENU 2.2/SEQ OPTIONS sub menu.
SKIP
To toggle SKIP on/off for a step, hold the desired step’s button and then press the ARP ON [REST]
button. Skip allows you to temporarily remove a step from a sequence. The note prior to the Skipped
note will proceed directly to the note after the Skipped note.
19
STEP EDIT MODE (CONTINUED)
RATCHET
To toggle RATCHET on/off for a certain step, hold a step button and then press the ARP LATCH [TIE]
button. Ratchet causes a step to repeat multiple times within a single step-duration. You can set the
ratchet multiple from 1x (no repeats) to 8x. The RATCHET CNT multiple can be edited in the PRESET
EDIT / SEQUENCER sub menu.
NOTE: RTCHT CT is also a MOD destination.
There is also a panel button-combo to change RATCHET CNT. Hold the BANK button and press ARP
BACK/FORTH to decrease, or hold the BANK button and press the ARP INVERT button to increase
the ratchet multiple.
NOTE: The RATCHET CNT multiplier is universal for the entire sequence. You cannot have different
Ratchet Counts per step, however, you can assign the SEQ MOD value (see below) directly to the
RTCHT CT parameter so that every step can, effectively, have its own Ratchet Count.
TRY THIS: Go to GLOBAL MENU > CV MAPPING and map VOLUME to RTCHT CT. Now, plug a Foot
Controller with a TRS plug into the VOL CV jack on the left side of the Sub 37. Toggle Ratchet On for
some (or all) of your steps. Now you can sweep the Ratchet count on those Ratcheted steps from 1x
to 8x, in real time.
SEQ MOD VALUES W/ MOD WHEEL
Whether you are recording a sequence in step time, or editing a step, the current position of the MOD
WHEEL (SEQ MOD value) is recorded for each step. These per-step SEQ MOD values can be used in two
ways: directly via the MOD DST parameter, and as a MOD 1 or MOD 2 SOURCE (the source is called SEQ MOD).
The SEQ MOD values can be assigned to a specific parameter via the PRESET EDIT > SEQUENCER >
MOD DST parameter. The amount of modulation to the specified MOD DST can be scaled using the
SEQ MOD AMT parameter directly below the MOD DST parameter. The SEQ MOD AMT parameter
values go from OFF (0%) to 100%. The total amount of modulation can also be scaled by the MOD
WHEEL during sequence playback by setting the MODWHL CTRL parameter to ON.
It is crucial to understand that the SEQ MOD values are bi-polar, meaning that when the MOD WHEEL
is all the way down, it records a value of -100%. When the MOD WHEEL is all the way up, it records a
value of +100%. When the MOD WHEEL is centered, it records a SEQ MOD value of 0% (and has no
effect on the destination).
It is equally important to understand that the bi-polar SEQ MOD value is added to the current setting of
whatever parameter it is modulating. For example, if the MOD DST is OSC2 LEV, and the OSC 2 value in
the MIXER section is set to 5, then the bi-polar SEQ MOD values could move the OSC 2 level to either
silence or to full volume. But, if the OSC 2 value in the MIXER was set to 0, then the bi-polar SEQ MOD
values would have no effect on the OSC 2 level until those values were greater than 0. This is a complex
tool, and should be explored in simple settings to fully appreciate its function and applications.
Rests, Ties, Seq Start, Seq End, Ratcheted and Skipped steps, as well as the SEQ MOD values, are all
saved with each sequence.
SEQUENCE QUICK-ERASE
Hold BANK while turning the PATTERN knob to the REC position. If the sequence is stopped it will be
completely erased. If the sequence is running, it will continue to run and the sequence length (number
of steps) will remain the same, but all of the steps will be blank (silent).
20
GLIDE SECTION
Glide, also called portamento or glissando, is used to cause smooth changes
in pitch between notes.
TIME
Use this knob to specify how much time it takes to transition from one pitch
to the next when you play the keyboard.
OSC
The OSC button assigns the glide effect to Oscillator 1, Oscillator 2, or Both
Oscillators at the same time. The LEDs marked 1 and 2 will indicate which
oscillators have glide assigned to them.
TYPE
Use the TYPE button to choose from three different types of glide: linear
constant rate (LCR), linear constant time (LCT), and exponential (EXP).
LCR: The glide rate will depend on the size of the interval between notes.
The larger the interval, the longer the glide time will be. This is the most
commonly used type of glide.
LCT: The glide time will stay the same between notes, regardless of the interval.
EXP: The glide rate follows an exponential curve that begins with a fast rate
and slows as it approaches the target note.
GATED
Activating GATED glide causes the gradual gliding between notes to be started and stopped by the
keyboard gate. When the GATED button is illuminated, the pitch CV only glides while a key is held.
When the GATED button is off, the pitch CV will continue gliding to the target pitch at the current glide
rate, regardless of whether or not a key is held on the Sub 37. The different behaviors are more distinct
at longer glide times.
LEGATO GLIDE
Although glide is normally applied to every note you play when engaged, the LEGATO GLIDE function
causes glide to occur only when you press a key while still holding a previous key. LEGATO and ON
must both be illuminated for LEGATO GLIDE to take effect.
GLIDE ON
Pressing the ON button allows you to engage or disengage the glide effect without having to change
your GLIDE TIME setting. This button must be illuminated for the glide effect to occur.
21
MODULATION
Controlling modulation (abbreviated as MOD) is an important
aspect of programming and playing synthesizers. When
you modulate a synthesizer’s audio signal, you are changing
something about the way it sounds. When you modulate a control
signal, you are changing something about its effect on whatever
it’s controlling. Synthesizers route their control signals from
modulation sources to modulation destinations. On the Sub 37, a
changing control signal can modulate pitch, filter cutoff, waveform
shape, VCA level, LFO rate, noise level, EG time, and a variety of
additional destinations available via the PRESET EDIT MENU.
The Sub 37 has two modulation busses labeled MOD 1 and MOD 2.
They are nearly identical except that, by default, the overall depth
of MOD 1 is determined by the MODULATION wheel. You can
access and edit this, and other extended modulation parameters by
pressing the CONTROLLERS button.
Low-frequency oscillators generate repeating waveforms in the subaudio frequency range. The Sub 37’s LFOs also have a HI RANGE
button, which allows the LFOs to generate frequencies well into
the audio range as well. At sub-audio rates, the LFOs are useful for
generating repeating effects. At audio rates, the LFOs add harmonic
complexity to their destinations.
When an LFO modulates an oscillator’s frequency, the oscillator’s
pitch follows the shape of the modulating waveform. If the LFO’s
output is a triangle wave, the pitch rises and falls at a regular
rate. At the proper rate and depth, this type of modulation is called vibrato. Many performers rely on
vibrato to add expression to their performances. A violinist or guitarist employs vibrato with a shaking
motion of the hand as it applies pressure to the string. A singer subtly fluctuates their vocal pitch. A
synthesist uses an LFO to modulate an oscillator’s frequency. The LFO RATE knob controls the rate of
modulation, and the MODULATION wheel controls its depth.
MODULATION CONTROLS
LFO RATE
By default, the LFO RATE knob varies the low-frequency oscillator’s modulation rate from 0.1Hz (one cycle
every 10 seconds) to 100Hz (100 cycles per second). This can be multiplied 10x by using the HI RANGE button.
SOURCE
Use this knob to specify whether the modulation source is one of 5 LFO waveforms, the filter envelope,
or a programmed source. At its most counterclockwise position, the LFO generates a triangle wave,
which is particularly useful for vibrato. Turning the knob clockwise, the next position generates a
square wave, which is useful for performing trills and tremolo effects. The next two positions generate
sawtooth and ramp (reverse sawtooth) waves. Applied to pitch, sawtooth-wave modulation is useful
for simulating alarms, ray guns, and other ascending and descending effects.The fifth position uses
sample-and-hold as a modulation source. Think of sample-and-hold as a source of random control
signals. (Think 1970’s Hollywood sound effects of a computer “thinking”.)
When SOURCE is set to F. EG/PGM, the LFO is bypassed and by default, the filter’s envelope settings
are used as a source of modulation. A variety of additional modulation sources are also available to
you by pressing the CONTROLLERS button. To learn more about the MOD CONTROLLERS menu, go
to page 50.
22
MODULATION CONTROLS (CONTINUED)
HI RANGE
When engaged, the rate of the LFO is increased by 10x. In this mode, the LFO range is from 1Hz (one
cycle per second) through 1,000Hz (1,000 cycles per second).
NOTE: No matter which range you choose, modulation at normal vibrato rates (between 5 and 10Hz) is possible.
SYNC
When the SYNC button is illuminated, the LFO rate is synchronized to the Sub 37’s internal clock, or
external MIDI clock. In this mode, the LFO RATE knob selects between clock divisions of the internal or
external MIDI clock.
KB RESET
When the Keyboard LFO Reset button is illuminated, the LFO will restart its cycle at zero each time a
new note is played. With KB RESET off, the LFO will run freely, and will not reset at the start of any notes.
PITCH AMT
Use this knob to specify the depth of pitch modulation applied to Oscillator 1, Oscillator 2, or Both of
the oscillators. The PITCH AMT knob is bipolar, meaning that its control value is positive when turned
up beyond 12 o’clock, and negative (or inverted) when turned down below 12 o’clock.
OSC
The OSC button is directly tied to the PITCH AMT knob, and is used to toggle between modulating the
pitch of oscillator 1 only, oscillator 2 only, or modulating both oscillator 1 and oscillator 2 simultaneously.
FILTER AMT
Use this knob to specify the positive or negative depth of variation applied to the filter’s cutoff
frequency. Applying LFO modulation to the filter is useful for generating slow filter sweeps, wobbles,
and repeating effects. This knob is bipolar, meaning that its control value is positive when turned up
beyond 12 o’clock, and negative (or inverted) when turned down below 12 o’clock.
CONTROLLERS
Pressing this button takes you to the MOD 1 or MOD 2 CONTROL menu on the LED display
screen. Here you can determine the amount of effect that the MODULATION wheel, VELOCITY,
AFTERTOUCH, and an assignable CONTROLLER 4, have on the modulation destinations. To learn more
about the MOD CONTROLLERS menu, got to page 50.
MOD AMT
Use this knob to assign positive or negative amounts of modulation to your selected destination
(DEST). This knob is bipolar, meaning that its control value is positive when turned up beyond 12
o’clock, and negative (or inverted) when turned down below 12 o’clock.
MOD DEST
This switch toggles through seven various modulation destinations, including LFO rate (of the other
LFO), VCA level, oscillator 1 waveshape, oscillator 2 waveshape, both oscillators’ waveshapes, noise
level, EG times, or other various destinations assigned via the MOD CONTROLLERS menu. To learn
more about the MOD CONTROLLERS menu, got to page 50.
23
MODULATION CONTROLS (CONTINUED)
LFO RATE
This destination modulates the rate of the other LFO (MOD 1 modulates the rate of LFO 2; MOD 2
modulates the rate of LFO 1).
VCA LEVEL
This destination allows you to modulate the amplitude level of the VCA. This is useful for creating
tremolo effects at lower LFO rates, and ring modulation effects at higher LFO rates.
OSC 1 WAVE, OSC 2 WAVE, BOTH
When any of these destinations are chosen, modulation is applied to the shape of the oscillator’s
waveform. As the waveform is modulated, the amplitudes, frequencies, and phase of the harmonics
change dynamically. Waveform modulation has no effect on the sub oscillator, which always generates
a square wave.
NOISE LEVEL
This destination modulates the noise’s mixer volume. This amount is added to or subtracted from the
NOISE level in the MIXER section.
EG TIME/PGM
This destination by default allows you to modulate the relative time of the envelope generator settings,
without affecting the envelope shape. A negative modulation amount will cause the envelope time to
shorten, while a positive modulation amount will cause the envelope time to lengthen.
This destination is also used in conjunction with the CONTROLLERS button to select from an additional
variety of programmable modulation destinations. To learn more about the MOD CONTROLLERS menu
go to page 50.
NOTE: You can quickly assign the PGM modulation destination by holding the square MOD (1/2) DEST
button while turning the knob or pressing the button of the parameter you want to set as the mod dest.
24
OSCILLATORS SECTION
Oscillator 1 and oscillator 2 are the Sub 37’s primary sound
sources. They generate four basic waveforms: triangle,
sawtooth, square, and pulse. Since the WAVE knob is
continuous, you can interpolate between these shapes.
The triangle wave consists of odd-numbered harmonics only.
Its fundamental is very strong, and its overtones are very weak,
making it less harmonically complex than other waveforms. By
mixing a triangle from one oscillator with a more complex wave
from the other, you can emphasize one particular harmonic
without mucking things up with unwanted overtones.
An unfiltered sawtooth wave is much brighter, because it contains
all the natural harmonics. As the harmonics ascend in frequency,
they grow weaker in amplitude. Sawtooth waves are useful for
synthesizing bass, simulating brass instruments, and more.
Although a pulse wave contains only odd-numbered
harmonics, it offers the most flexibility because you can
change the balance of those odd-numbered harmonics by
changing its shape. Think of a pulse-wave oscillator as a switch
you can turn on and off hundreds or thousands of times per
second. In a single pulse wave, the “switch” is either on or off.
Its pulse width is the proportion of the wave that’s on, usually
expressed as a percentage. A square wave is simply a pulse
wave with 50% pulse width, meaning that in a single cycle, it is
on half the time and off half the time. If its frequency is 440Hz,
that means it goes on and off 440 times every second, and the result you hear is the pitch A above
middle C. Every pulse width has its own characteristic sound, because each has a unique harmonic
structure, making a variety of basic timbres possible.
Unlike most synths, which simply switch between basic waveforms, the Sub 37 allows you to gradually
change the oscillator’s output from one waveform to another, so it can generate something partway
between a sawtooth and a square wave, for example. We refer to such controls as continuously
variable because there are no discrete steps between settings.
In normal operation the keyboard, pitch wheel, arpeggiator, step sequencer, or external MIDI data control
oscillator pitch. You can also apply MOD 1, and MOD 2 to modulate oscillator pitch and waveform.
OSCILLATOR CONTROLS
OCTAVE
Use this knob to control either oscillator’s pitch range. Pitch range is expressed in feet, a reference
to the age of pipe organs, when a pipe’s physical length determined its pitch. The Sub 37’s OCTAVE
knobs cover four pitch ranges corresponding to four octaves. The lowest setting is 16’, and the highest
setting is 2’.
WAVE
Use this knob to vary either oscillator’s waveform from triangle to sawtooth to square to narrow
pulse wave. Turning the WAVE knob clockwise from the triangle to sawtooth position increases the
oscillator’s harmonic content. Continuing to turn it to the square-wave position weakens and then
eliminates even-numbered harmonics while strengthening odd-numbered harmonics. Turning it from
the square to narrow-pulse position changes its harmonic content further by weakening the overtones
relative to the fundamental frequency. This parameter can be modulated via MOD 1 or MOD 2 to create
interesting harmonic motion.
25
OSCILLATOR CONTROLS (CONTINUED)
HARD SYNC
This button locks oscillator 2’s phase to oscillator 1, eliminating any phase differences between them.
When both oscillators are in sync, each time that oscillator 1 begins a new cycle, it forces oscillator
2 to begin its cycle at the same instant, regardless of whether its previous cycle is complete. As a
result, hard sync forces oscillator 2’s waveform to take on a different shape, typically one with greater
harmonic complexity. Because oscillator 2 is in sync with oscillator 1, their combined harmonic content
depends on their pitch relationship, so that changing oscillator 2’s frequency will have an immediate
effect on timbre. For that reason, modulating oscillator 2’s frequency opens up some outstanding
waveshaping opportunities when HARD SYNC is engaged.
NOTE: If oscillator 1’s frequency is higher than oscillator 2’s, oscillator 2 will be unable to complete its
cycle, resulting in little or no output from oscillator 2.
KB RESET
When engaged, the keyboard reset function forces the audio oscillators to simultaneously begin their cycles
whenever you play a new note. The result is a well-defined leading edge to sounds with a hard attack. This can
cause a small click or pop in the sound. To minimize this effect, set a short Release time on the Amp Envelope.
DUO MODE
When DUO MODE is engaged, the Sub 37 has the ability to control the pitch of OSC 1 independently of
OSC 2. This behavior is based on oscillator KB CTRL settings.
KB CTRL
This button is used to determine how OSC 2 responds to the keyboard when in DUO MODE.
HI: OSC 2 follows the highest note played, while OSC 1 follows the lowest note.
LO: OSC 2 follows the lowest note played, while OSC 1 follows the highest note.
OFF: OSC 2 drones and does not follow the keyboard. The FREQUENCY control knob’s range is
extended to +/- 3 octaves, so you can set a constant pitch for OSC 2 across a wider range.
FREQUENCY
This knob is used to fine-tune oscillator 2’s pitch within its selected range. The FREQUENCY knob’s range
is seven semitones lower or higher than its center position. At its center position, oscillator 2 is tuned to
oscillator 1. Turning it just slightly out of tune with oscillator 1 can yield interesting detuned or phasing
effects. Turning the knob fully clockwise will create a perfect fifth interval against oscillator 1 (assuming
that they’re both on the same octave) allowing you to play “power chords” with just one finger.
BEAT FREQ: Use the BEAT knob to set the beat frequency of oscillator 2 against oscillator 1. The
range is plus or minus 3.5Hz with no detuning (0Hz) in the middle. This parameter creates a linear
constant detuning of oscillator 2 relative to oscillator 1 so that oscillator 2 is always detuned by
the same number of cycles per second (Hz) regardless of the musical pitch. The result is a musical
detuning effect which phases or “beats” at a consistent rate on every note.
By contrast, the OSCILLATOR 2 FREQUENCY knob detunes oscillator 2 by musical cents, where the
rate of beating between oscillators is halved or doubled as you play an octave lower or higher in pitch.
NOTE: For this reason, if you want a constant beat frequency at all pitches, make sure that the
OSCILLATOR 2 FREQUENCY control is centered. If you want near-absolute unison between oscillator 2
and oscillator 1, make sure that the BEAT FREQUENCY control is also centered.
26
MIXER SECTION
The mixer lets you combine audio signals from each of the Sub
37’s four internal audio sources as well as an external audio source
or mixer feedback. Each mixer source has a dedicated knob for
controlling its relative level as well as a mute button. The beauty
of having dedicated mute buttons is that you can leave an audio
source’s level at a pre-set amount and instantly bring it in or
out with the push of a button. When a level knob is turned fully
counterclockwise, its input is effectively turned off. Turning it
clockwise from 0 increases the level until it reaches its maximum
at 10. Mixer settings higher than 5 will overdrive the input of the
filter, meaning that you can specify which sources are distorted
and which simply pass through the filter.
MIXER CONTROLS
OSC 1
Use this knob to control oscillator 1’s level. Settings higher than 5
push the level beyond unity, imparting gentle filter distortion. A
setting of 5 or below delivers a clean signal to the filter.
SUB OSC
Use this knob to control the sub oscillator’s level. Settings higher
than 5 push the level beyond unity, imparting gentle filter distortion.
A setting of 5 or below delivers a clean signal to the filter. The Sub
37’s sub oscillator is always tuned exactly one octave below oscillator
1’s pitch, and its waveform is always a square wave. Typically, the sub oscillator adds a solid foundation
to the Sub 37’s sound. It is especially useful for crafting monstrous Moog bass patches.
OSC 2
Use this knob to control oscillator 2’s level. Settings higher than 5 push the level beyond unity,
imparting gentle filter distortion. A setting of 5 or below delivers a clean signal to the filter.
NOISE
Use this knob to control the Sub 37’s pink noise generator level. Settings higher than 5 push the level
beyond unity, imparting gentle filter distortion. Noise is useful for programming punchy percussion
and other non-pitched sounds.
Whereas an oscillator generates a pitched waveform, noise is a non-pitched sound source. The two
most common types of noise are white noise and pink noise. Just as white light contains all colors
of the visual spectrum in equal proportion, white noise contains a random distribution of all audible
frequencies. Every frequency has equal amplitude. We hear white noise as a constant ssshh sound,
like an FM radio between stations. Because of the way our brains respond to white noise, the higher
frequencies sound more prominent than the lower ones.
The Sub 37’s noise generator produces a signal called pink noise. Pink noise has equal amplitudes
in every octave, making it sound deeper than white noise - more like the sound of a waterfall. Many
synthesists consider pink noise more useful than white noise.
FDBK / EXT IN:
When nothing is plugged into the EXT IN jack on the left side of the Sub 37, the FDBK / EXT IN
knob takes the output of the mixer and feeds it back into this mixer channel, resulting in a variety of
distorted, sometimes chaotic, sometimes mellow qualities.
Warning: This control can increase the output volume considerably!
27
FILTER SECTION
The number and relative strengths of a sound’s harmonic
frequencies determine its tone color or timbre. The Sub 37
contains a filter for removing certain frequencies from audio
signals. Because filtering gives you control over an audio signal’s
harmonic content, it physically alters the waveform being filtered.
The Sub 37 has a classic Moog Lowpass Ladder Filter with four
selectable slopes. Lowpass filters pass all frequencies up to
a point called the cutoff frequency and gradually roll off, or
attenuate, frequencies above that point. You can change the
cutoff manually using the knob, or you can change it by applying
a signal from a control source such as an envelope or LFO.
Turning the cutoff all the way down closes the filter so that
nothing passes through it. Raising the cutoff opens the filter. As
you turn the CUTOFF knob clockwise from its lowest position,
first you’ll hear only the audio signal’s lowest frequencies, and
then the timbre will grow gradually brighter. The filter envelope,
in combination with the CUTOFF knob’s setting, is the filter’s
primary control source.
Another characteristic of the Sub 37’s filter is resonance.
Resonance increases the level of audio frequencies closest to
the cutoff frequency by making the filter roll off frequencies less
gradually. It regenerates those frequencies by feeding them back
to the filter. Turning up the resonance emphasizes harmonics
closest to the cutoff frequency and exaggerates any changes to
the cutoff frequency.
FILTER CONTROLS
CUTOFF
Use this knob to change the filter’s cutoff frequency. Its lowest setting is 20Hz, which effectively closes
the filter and doesn’t allow any audio to pass through. Its highest setting is 20kHz, which opens the
filter completely and allows all audio to pass through.
RESONANCE
Use this knob to control how much signal is routed from the filter’s output back to its input. Turning it
clockwise increases the resonance, causing a peak in amplitude at the cutoff frequency. Settings above
7 cause the filter to self-oscillate.
MULTIDRIVE
MultiDrive is the Sub 37’s distortion processor, offering effects ranging from asymmetrical, tube-like
warmth to aggressive hard clipping, with a smooth continuous transition in between. The MULTIDRIVE
knob controls how hard you drive the OTA and FET stages, which are located between the filter
and the amplifier in the signal path. The higher the setting, the more aggressive the clipping effect.
Varying amounts of MultiDrive can give your sounds a distinct tonal edge, as well as make them more
responsive to changes in filter resonance, waveform, and oscillator levels.
28
FILTER CONTROLS (CONTINUED)
SLOPE
Pressing the SLOPE button selects between a 1-pole filter slope (-6dB-per-octave), a 2-pole filter slope
(-12dB-per-octave), a 3-pole filter slope (-18dB-per-octave), or the classic Moog 4-pole filter slope
(-24dB-per-octave). You can also change this setting in real time as you play.
EG AMOUNT
Use this knob to control how much the filter envelope modulates the filter’s cutoff frequency. In other
words, EG AMOUNT controls the depth of the envelope generator’s effect on the filter.
The EG AMOUNT knob is bipolar, meaning that its control value is positive when it’s turned up and
negative when it’s turned down. Turning it clockwise from center causes the envelope to raise the
cutoff frequency from the CUTOFF knob’s setting. Turning it counterclockwise from center causes
the envelope to lower the cutoff frequency from the CUTOFF knob’s setting. The depth of the
envelope’s effect on the cutoff frequency also depends a lot on the CUTOFF setting. If the setting is
very high and you adjust the EG AMOUNT to raise it further, then the envelope will have little effect.
The lower the cutoff frequency, then the more the envelope will be able to modulate it. On the other
hand, if the setting is very low and you adjust the EG AMOUNT to lower it further by turning the knob
counterclockwise, again, the envelope will have little effect.
KB TRACK
Use this knob to specify how much the filter cutoff tracks the keyboard; that is, how much the
keyboard pitch affects the filter’s lowpass frequency. With KB TRACK turned fully counter clockwise
keyboard track will have no effect on the filter’s cutoff frequency. With KB TRACK turned up halfway,
the filter cutoff will follow the keyboard pitch at a 1:1 ratio centered around C3 (MIDI note 48).
KB TRACK at maximum sets a 2:1 ratio for filter keyboard tracking.
ENVELOPES
amplitude
release
sustain
d e c ay
hold
attack
d e l ay
time
When you make any sound, it may take a moment for that sound to reach its maximum amplitude and
brightness. This initial moment is called the sound’s attack. An attack may be gradual (like a cymbal
roll), abrupt (like a cymbal crash), or anything in between. The attack often tells us more about how
an instrument is played than any other characteristic. Likewise, when the sound ends, it may take a
29
ENVELOPES (CONTINUED)
moment to die away completely, or it may stop suddenly. This final drop in amplitude and brightness
is called its release. The attack and release, along with variations in amplitude and timbre that occur
between the attack and release, make up the sound’s envelope.
The Sub 37 shapes electronic sounds using two envelope generators (abbreviated EG). One envelope
affects the Sub 37’s filter, which controls timbre, and the other affects its amplifier, which controls
amplitude. When you press a key on the keyboard, it sends a signal that tells the envelope generator to
begin the attack. In voltage-controlled synthesizers like the Sub 37, this signal is called a gate. The gate
ends when you release the key, telling the envelope generator to begin the release.
Both of the Sub 37’s envelope generators have six stages: delay, attack, hold, decay, sustain, and
release (abbreviated DAHDSR). In the default mode, the four front-panel envelope generator knobs are
assigned to control the attack, decay, sustain, and release (ADSR). Just as attack is the time it takes a
level to peak, the decay is the time it takes to fall to a steady level, called the sustain. The sustain level
is held until the key is released. At that point, the signal returns to zero at a rate determined by the
release setting. Whereas the attack, decay, and release stages are specified as lengths of time, sustain
is a control-signal level.
When you play the Sub 37, your keyboard technique determines how the envelope generators respond,
which impacts your musical expression and articulation. If you release the key before the envelope
reaches either its maximum or sustain level, the release stage immediately takes effect. When you play
staccato (very short notes), the envelope may never reach its decay stage, depending on its attack
setting. Playing legato—holding down each key for the note’s full duration without lifting your fingers
between notes—prevents the envelope from retriggering its attack stage on subsequent notes. In that
case, the envelope maintains its sustain level until you trigger the release stage by lifting your finger.
When the KNOB SHIFT button (between the filter and amplitude attack knobs) is pressed and blinking,
the first two envelope generator knobs become DELAY and HOLD knobs while the third and fourth
knobs adjust the amount that keyboard velocity and keyboard tracking affect the envelope amounts.
FILTER ENVELOPE CONTROLS
ATTACK
Use this knob to specify the time it takes
the filter frequency to ascend from the
CUTOFF knob’s manual setting to its
maximum level, which is determined by
the filter’s EG AMOUNT setting. Its value
ranges from 1 millisecond to 10 seconds.
When you use the filter envelope to
modulate pitch or wave amount, the
ATTACK knob specifies the time it
takes the control level to ascend to its
maximum value.
DECAY
Use this knob to specify the time it takes
the filter frequency to descend from its
maximum level to its sustain level. Its
value ranges from 1 millisecond to 10
seconds. When you use the filter envelope
to modulate pitch or wave amount, the
DECAY knob specifies the time it takes the
control level to descend from its maximum
value to its sustain level.
30
FILTER ENVELOPE CONTROLS (CONTINUED)
SUSTAIN
Use this knob to specify the filter cutoff frequency once the decay stage is complete. The sustain stage
is held until the envelope receives a Note Off command or the gate ends. Its value ranges from 0% to
100%, calibrated 1 to 10. Note that the filter’s EG AMOUNT determines the depth of its effect. When
you use the filter envelope to modulate pitch or wave amount, the SUSTAIN knob specifies the control
value that is held once the decay stage is complete.
RELEASE
Use this knob to specify the time it takes the filter cutoff to descend from its current value to the
CUTOFF knob’s manual setting. Its value ranges from 1 millisecond to 10 seconds. When you use the
filter envelope to modulate pitch or wave amount, the RELEASE knob specifies the time it takes the
control level to descend from the current value to zero.
MULTI TRIG
By default, playing legato on the Sub 37 prevents envelopes from retriggering on subsequent notes;
this is called single triggering. You can change this behavior by pressing the MULTI TRIG button.
When lit, a new gate occurs each time you play a note on the keyboard, regardless of whether you’ve
released the previous key; this is called multiple triggering.
RESET
By default, with envelope reset turned off, an envelope Attack sweeps the envelope output only from its
current level to maximum. When the RESET button is lit the Attack starts from minimum regardless of
the level at the time of the key press. This effect is more prominent with longer attack and release times.
SYNC
When the SYNC button is lit the envelope will retrigger at every unit of the beat. The FILTER EG
CLOCK DIV parameter in the PRESET EDIT menu allows you to determine the clock division at which
the envelope will retrigger. (See MIDI Table on page 52 for available units of the beat.)
LOOP
Normally, an envelope occurs just once when you play a note. When LOOP is illuminated, an envelope’s
delay, attack, hold, decay, and release stages will loop continuously for as long as a note is held.
Because of this, it is possible to use the filter’s envelope generator as a multistage LFO. The shorter the
envelope times, the faster the loop will repeat.
LATCH ON
When the LATCH ON button is lit the FILTER ENVELOPE will remain at its SUSTAIN level, as if the gate was on.
FILTER ENVELOPE CONTROLS (KNOB SHIFT ON)
DELAY
When the KNOB SHIFT button is blinking you can use the FILTER ATTACK knob (now FILTER DELAY)
to specify a timed pause before the onset of the filter envelope’s attack, effectively turning the ADSR
envelope into a DADSR envelope. To increase the time before the onset of attack, engage the KNOB
SHIFT button and turn up the filter envelope’s ATTACK knob. The envelope’s delay time ranges from a
minimum of 0 millisecond to a maximum of 10 seconds.
31
FILTER ENVELOPE CONTROLS (KNOB SHIFT ON) (CONTINUED)
HOLD
When the KNOB SHIFT button is blinking you can use the FILTER DECAY knob (now FILTER HOLD)
to add a hold stage to the filter envelope allowing you to specify a fixed delay between the attack and
decay stages, effectively turning an ADSR envelope into an AHDSR envelope. During this stage, the
filter’s cutoff frequency is held at its maximum level, which is determined by the filter’s EG AMOUNT
setting. To increase the hold time before the onset of envelope’s decay, engage the KNOB SHIFT
button and turn up the filter envelope’s DECAY knob. You can vary the envelope’s hold time from a
minimum of 0 to a maximum of 10 seconds.
VEL AMT
When the KNOB SHIFT button is blinking you can use the FILTER DECAY knob (now FILTER
VELOCITY AMOUNT) to make your sounds get darker as you press the keys slower on the keyboard,
and brighter as you press the keys faster. The knob’s range varies from 0% to 100%. Note that the
highest velocity always gives the full amount, and that higher knob values affect the softer velocities,
which makes them deliver lower amounts.
KB TRACK
When the KNOB SHIFT button is blinking you can use the FILTER RELEASE knob (now FILTER
KEYBOARD TRACKING AMOUNT knob) to specify how much keyboard tracking affects the filter
envelope’s decay and release times. To change the decay and release times in response to where you
play on the keyboard, engage the KNOB SHIFT button and turn the filter envelope’s RELEASE knob.
The knob’s range is 0 to 2:1 with 1:1 tracking at 12 o’clock. As you turn the knob clockwise you will
shorten the envelope times as you go higher up the keyboard.
AMPLIFIER ENVELOPE CONTROLS
ATTACK
Use this knob to specify the time it takes the mixer output’s amplitude to ascend from zero to its
maximum value. Its value ranges from 1 millisecond to 10 seconds.
DECAY
Use this knob to specify the time it takes the mixer output’s amplitude to descend from its maximum
level to its sustain level. Its value ranges from 1 millisecond to 10 seconds.
SUSTAIN
Use this knob to specify the mixer output’s amplitude once the decay stage is complete. The sustain
stage is held until the envelope receives a Note Off command or the gate ends. Its value ranges from
0% to 100%, calibrated 1 to 10.
RELEASE
Use this knob to specify the time it takes the mixer output’s amplitude to descend from its current value
to zero after a key is released or the gate is turned off. Its value ranges from 1 millisecond to 10 seconds.
MULTI TRIG
By default, playing legato on the Sub 37 prevents envelopes from retriggering on subsequent notes;
this is called single triggering. You can change this behavior by pressing the MULTI TRIG button. When
illuminated, a new gate occurs each time you play a note on the keyboard, regardless of whether
you’ve released the previous key; this is called multiple triggering.
RESET
By default, with envelope reset turned off, an envelope Attack sweeps the envelope output only from its
current level to maximum. When the RESET button is lit the Attack starts from minimum regardless of
the level at the time of the key press. This effect is more prominent with longer attack and release times.
32
AMPLIFIER ENVELOPE CONTROLS (CONTINUED)
SYNC
When the SYNC button is lit the envelope will restart at every unit of the beat. The AMP EG CLOCK
DIV parameter in the PRESET EDIT menu allows you to determine the clock division at which the
envelope will reset. (See MIDI Table on page 52 for available units of the beat.)
LOOP
Normally, an envelope occurs just once when you play a note. When LOOP is illuminated, an envelope’s
delay, attack, hold, decay, and release stages will loop continuously for as long as a note is held.
Because of this, it is possible to use the amp’s envelope generator as a multistage LFO. The shorter the
envelope times, the faster the loop will repeat.
LATCH ON
When the LATCH ON button is illuminated, the AMPLIFIER ENVELOPE will remain at its SUSTAIN level
as if the gate was on.
AMPLIFIER ENVELOPE CONTROLS (KNOB SHIFT ON)
DELAY
When the KNOB SHIFT button is blinking you can use the AMP ATTACK knob (now AMP DELAY) to
specify a timed pause before the onset of the amplifier envelope’s attack, effectively turning an ADSR
envelope into a DADSR envelope. To increase the time before the onset of attack, engage the KNOB
SHIFT button and turn up the amplifier envelope’s ATTACK knob. The envelope’s delay time ranges
from a minimum of 0 millisecond to a maximum of 10 seconds.
NOTE: The delay parameter for the AMPLIFIER ENVELOPE only works when envelope LOOP is ON.
HOLD
When the KNOB SHIFT button is blinking you can use AMP DECAY knob (now AMP HOLD) to add
a hold stage to the amplifier envelope allowing you to specify a fixed delay between the attack and
sustain stages, effectively turning an ADSR envelope into an AHDSR envelope. During this stage,
the amplifier’s amplitude is held at its maximum level, which is determined by the mixer settings. To
increase the hold time before the onset of envelope’s decay, engage the KNOB SHIFT button and turn
up the amplitude envelope’s DECAY knob. You can vary the envelope’s hold time from a minimum of 0
to a maximum of 10 seconds.
VEL AMT
When the KNOB SHIFT button is blinking you can use the AMP SUSTAIN knob (now AMP VELOCITY
AMOUNT) to make your sounds get quieter as you press the keys slow on the keyboard, and louder
as you press the keys faster. The knob’s range varies from 0% to 100%. Note that the highest velocity
always gives the full amount, and that higher knob values affect the softer velocities, which makes
them deliver lower amounts.
KB TRACK
When the KNOB SHIFT button is blinking you can use the AMP RELEASE knob (now AMP KEYBOARD
TRACKING AMOUNT knob) to specify how much keyboard tracking affects the amplifier envelope’s
decay and release times. To change the decay and release times in response to where you play on the
keyboard, engage the KNOB SHIFT button and turn the amplitude envelope’s RELEASE knob. The
knob’s range is 0 to 2:1 with 1:1 tracking at 12 o’clock. As you turn the knob clockwise you will shorten
the envelope times as you go higher up the keyboard.
33
OUTPUT SECTION
VOLUME
This knob is the main volume control for the AUDIO OUT jack on the left side of
the Sub 37. Rotating the control fully clockwise produces the maximum output.
Rotating the control fully counterclockwise silences the Sub 37. A volume setting
can be stored with each preset. The PRESET VOLUME parameter is located in
the PRESET EDIT menu. Learn more about this on page 42. If it is set to OFF the
volume remains at whatever value the knob is left at regardless of which preset
is selected.
NOTE: The PRESET VOLUME parameter is independent of the MASTER VOLUME knob.
MUTE
This button controls the audio that appears at the AUDIO OUT jack. This switch
has no effect on the HEADPHONES jack. This arrangement allows you to monitor
and adjust the sound of the Sub 37 using headphones, while silencing the signal
at the AUDIO OUT jack. You can also use the MUTE button to turn off the output
if you are using the Sub 37 as a controller and wish to control external gear
without hearing the Sub 37. The output is muted when this button is illuminated.
HEADPHONES VOLUME
This control balances the level of the headphones jack with the main VOLUME
setting. If you change the level of the main VOLUME knob, you will hear a similar
change in the headphones volume.
HEADPHONES
The HEADPHONE jack is a 1/4” TRS headphone output for use with standard headphones. Although it
will drive both sides of the headphones it is still a monaural signal as it is identical on both sides.
34
MIDI MENU
MIDI MENU 1.X
1
IN CHANNEL: 1 - 16, ALL
OUT CHANNEL: 1 - 16, ALL
SEND PGM CHG: ON, OFF
RCV PGM CHG: ON, OFF
MIDI MENU 2.X
2
MIDI OUTPUT
IN PORTS: BOTH, DIN, USB, OFF
KEYS: OFF, ON
OUT PORTS: BOTH, DIN, USB, OFF
WHEELS: OFF, ON
ECHO DIN IN: OFF, BOTH, DIN, USB
PANEL: OFF, ON
ECHO USB IN: OFF, BOTH, DIN, USB
MIDI MENU 3.X
KNB NRPN/CC: CC, NRPN
CC FORMAT: 7-BIT, 14-BIT
3
POLY NUMBER: OFF, 1 - 16
CLOCK OPTIONS
POLY MAX: 1 - 16
OUT FILTERS >>
CLOCK OPTIONS >>
SEND CLOCK: OFF, ARP, ON
SYSEX >>
SEND ST/STP: OFF, ON
FOLLOW SPP: OFF, ON
MIDI SYSEX
BUFFER SND: SEND
SEQUENCE: SEND
CUR PRESET: SEND
ALL PRESETS: SEND
BULK DUMP: SEND
Press the MIDI button to open the MIDI MENU. This menu contains parameters associated with the
sending and receiving of MIDI signals. When the MIDI button is illuminated the top right of the LED
display will indicate which page you are on, followed by a decimal point, and then which parameter
line you currently have selected. Use the
buttons to choose a parameter for editing, and the
FINE TUNE knob to scroll through a selected parameter’s available options.
NOTE: You can also use the CURSOR button to select a parameter and the buttons to step
through the selected parameter’s available options. To exit a parameter, simply press CURSOR again.
If more than one page of parameters exists, continuing to press the
button will take you
through the additional parameters and pages. If the MENU WRAP parameter (GLOBAL MENU) is
OFF, the
button will stop working at the last parameter of the last page.
SUB MENU PARAMETERS
Some parameter types have multiple sub parameters, which are indicated by “>>”. If you have one
of these menu titles highlighted, you can jump to the sub menu by pressing the CURSOR button. To
exit a sub menu highlight the “(BACK)<<” parameter and press the CURSOR button. This will take
you back to the previous menu.
35
MIDI MENU PARAMETERS
IN CHANNEL (MIDI MENU 1.1)
This determines the Sub 37’s MIDI Receive Channel. The choices are 1 - 16 and ALL which puts the
Sub 37 in Omni Mode. The default MIDI In channel is 1.
OUT CHANNEL (MIDI MENU 1.2)
This determines the Sub 37’s MIDI Transmit Channel. The choices are 1 - 16. The default MIDI Out channel is 1.
SEND PGM CHG (MIDI MENU 1.3)
This determines if MIDI Program Changes are sent from the Sub 37 to other devices. The choices
are ON (default) and OFF.
RCV PGM CHG (MIDI MENU 1.4)
This determines if MIDI Program Changes sent from external devices are received by the Sub 37.
The choices are ON (default) and OFF.
IN PORTS (MIDI MENU 2.1)
This determines which MIDI ports receive MIDI data sent from other devices. The choices are OFF,
DIN, USB, or BOTH (default).
OUT PORTS (MIDI MENU 2.2)
This determines which MIDI ports transmit MIDI data sent from the Sub 37 to other devices. The
choices are OFF, DIN, USB, or BOTH (default).
ECHO DIN IN (MIDI MENU 2.3)
This parameter takes incoming MIDI data from the 5-pin DIN MIDI Input jack and merges it with the
data being sent from the Sub 37 to the selected MIDI OUT port(s). This allows the MIDI Output (5-pin
DIN and/or USB) to also act as a MIDI THRU. The choices are OFF (default), DIN, USB, or BOTH.
ECHO USB IN (MIDI MENU 2.4)
This parameter takes incoming MIDI data from the USB PORT and merges it with the data being
sent from the Sub 37 to the selected MIDI OUT port(s). This allows the MIDI Output (5-pin DIN and/
or USB) to also act as a MIDI Merge. The choices are OFF (default), DIN, USB, or BOTH.
POLY NUMBER (MIDI MENU 3.1)
This parameter specifies the Sub 37 as a single polyphonic voice for use with other compatible
Moog synthesizers. Additional synthesizers must be connected via MIDI in order to add polyphony.
No two synthesizers should be assigned to the same voice. When no other synthesizers are
connected, this value should be set to OFF.
POLY MAX (MIDI MENU 3.2)
This parameter specifies the number of connected voices in a poly chain. This number should not
exceed the number of connected units. The default is 3.
OUT FILTERS (MIDI MENU 3.3)
Highlight OUT FILTERS >> and press the CURSOR button to enter the OUT FILTERS sub menu.
KEYS
When set to ON (default) the keys transmit MIDI note data including channel pressure (aftertouch) messages. When set to OFF this data is not transmitted.
WHEELS
When set to ON (default) the Pitch Bend and Mod Wheel MIDI data is transmitted. When set to OFF this data is not transmitted.
36
MIDI MENU PARAMETERS (CONTINUED)
OUT FILTERS (CONTINUED)
PANEL
When set to ON (default) MIDI data from all the panel knobs and buttons is transmitted. When set to OFF this data is not transmitted.
CC FORMAT
Chooses whether Continuous Controller data is sent using 7-bits or 14-bits (for greater precision). If this level of MIDI precision is not needed, use 7-bit (default) as it requires less MIDI bandwidth.
KNB NRPN/CC
Determines if the knobs and buttons on the Sub 37’s panel are transmitted via MIDI as
Non Registered Parameter Numbers or as CC messages. The choices are CC (default) and NRPN.
CLOCK OPTIONS (MIDI MENU 3.4)
Highlight CLOCK OPTIONS >> and press the CURSOR button to enter the CLOCK OPTIONS sub menu.
SEND CLOCK
Dictates when the Sub 37 sends MIDI clock. OFF never sends MIDI clock. ARP sends MIDI clock only when the Arp or Seq is running. ON sends MIDI clock all the time.
FOLLOW SPP
When ON the Sub 37 will follow the MIDI Song Position Pointer if MIDI Sync is active. MIDI SPP allows a DAW to set the sequencer step to match the DAW’s song position, so that you can start from beats other than the first beat and (in theory) stay in sync.
SEND ST/STP
When ON (default) MIDI Start and Stop messages are sent when starting and stopping the sequencer. When OFF the Sub 37 will not send MIDI Start and Stop messages.
SYSEX (MIDI MENU 3.5)
Highlight SYSEX >> and press the CURSOR button to enter the SYSEX sub menu.
NOTE: During a SysEx dump the MIDI button will blink red until the transmission is finished.
BUFFER SEND
This command will send a MIDI SysEx Dump of the edit buffer’s current settings (this is the preset or newly created sound as you have currently edited it, not the stored preset). To send the buffer’s settings, press the CURSOR button highlighting the SEND parameter, and then press either of the
buttons to start the MIDI dump.
NOTE: When you send this type of SysEx file into a Sub 37, the data will go into its edit buffer, but not yet be stored into a Preset location. You will still have go through the SAVE procedure as outlined on page 13, which allows you to choose where you want to save this newly loaded Preset.
SEQUENCE SEND
This command will send a MIDI SysEx Dump of the edit buffer’s current sequence data (this is the sequence as you have currently edited it, not the stored sequence). To send the buffer’s sequence data, press the CURSOR button highlighting the SEND parameter, and then press either of the
buttons to start the MIDI dump.
NOTE: When you send this type of SyEex file into a Sub 37, the data will go into its edit buffer, but not yet be stored into a Preset location. You will still have go through the SAVE procedure as outlined on page 13. The advantage of this is that you can send Sequence dumps to any preset without overwriting the saved preset’s sequence. To permanently save the sequence, just save the preset.
37
CURRENT PRESET
This command will send a MIDI SysEx Dump of the currently selected Preset’s settings. To send the
current Preset’s settings, press the CURSOR button highlighting the SEND parameter, and then press
either of the buttons to send the MIDI data.
WARNING: When you send this type of SysEx file into any Sub 37 the Preset will automatically be stored
to the current Preset location. Loading a SysEx file like this WILL overwrite the Preset in that particular
location. Always back up your Presets before loading others’ SysEx files.
ALL PRESETS
This command will send a MIDI SysEx Dump containing the settings of all 256 of the Sub 37’s onboard
Presets. To send all Presets, press the CURSOR button highlighting the SEND parameter, and then
press either of the
buttons to send the MIDI data.
WARNING: When you send this type of SysEx file into any Sub 37 the Presets will automatically be stored
to all of the locations they were at when the SysEx was originally dumped. Loading a SysEx file like this
WILL overwrite any Presets at those particular locations. Always back up your Presets before loading
others’ SysEx files.
BULK DUMP
This command will send a MIDI SysEx Dump containing the settings of everything in the Sub 37,
including presets, MIDI, and global settings. To send all data, press the CURSOR button highlighting
the SEND parameter, and then press either of the buttons to send the MIDI data.
NOTE: When you send this type of SysEx file into any Sub 37, all existing MIDI MENU and GLOBAL MENU
settings will be overwritten by the settings contained in this SysEx file, and all Presets will be stored in
the locations they were at when the SysEx was originally dumped. Always back up your Presets and
system settings before loading others’ SysEx files.
38
PRESET MENU
ARPEGGIATOR
PRESET EDIT 1.X
1
GATE LENGTH: OFF ... 100%
ARPEGGIATOR >>
CLOCK DIV: SEE PAGE 52
SEQUENCER >>
SWING: 0.0% ... 100.O%
FILTER EG >>
STEP 1 RESET: OFF, ON
AMP EG >>
END NOTES: ONCE, TWICE
KB TRANSPOSE: -12 ... OFF ... +12
PRESET EDIT 2.X
2
SEQUENCER
KB PRIORITY: LOW, HIGH, LAST
MOD DST: SEE PAGE 51
BEND UP: +0 ... +24
SEQ MOD AMT: OFF ... 100%
BEND DOWN: -0 ... -24
SEQ MOD ONLY: OFF, ON
BEND DEST: NONE, OSC1, OSC2, BOTH
MODWHL CTRL: OFF, ON
PRESET VOL: OFF ... 100%
RATCHET CNT: 1 - 8
FILTER EG
GATE SRC: BOTH, NOTES, EXT
EXP. ATTACK: ON, OFF
CLOCK DIV: SEE PAGE 52
AMP EG
GATE SRC: BOTH, NOTES, EXT
EXP. ATTACK: ON, OFF
CLOCK DIV: SEE PAGE 52
To enter the Sub 37’s PRESET EDIT MENU press and hold the PRESET button for one second. This
menu contains per-preset parameters that are not represented by the front panel knobs and buttons.
The top right of the LED display will indicate which page you are on, followed by a decimal point, and
then which parameter line you currently have selected. Use the
buttons to choose a parameter
for editing, and the FINE TUNE knob to scroll through a selected parameter’s available options.
NOTE: You can also use the CURSOR button to select a parameter and the
buttons to step
through the selected parameter’s available options. To exit a parameter, simply press CURSOR again.
If more than one page of parameters exists, continuing to press the
button will take you through
the additional parameters and pages. If the MENU WRAP parameter (GLOBAL MENU) is OFF, the
button will stop working at the last parameter of the last page.
SUB MENU PARAMETERS
Some parameter types have multiple sub parameters, which are indicated by “>>”. If you have one of
these menu titles highlighted, you can jump to the sub menu by pressing the CURSOR button. To exit a
sub menu highlight the “(BACK)<<” parameter and press the CURSOR button. This will take you back
to the previous menu.
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PRESET EDIT MENU PARAMETERS
ARPEGGIATOR (PRESET EDIT 1.1)
Highlight ARPEGGIATOR >> and press the CURSOR button to enter the ARPEGGIATOR sub menu.
GATE LENGTH
This parameter specifies how long the arpeggiator’s gate stays on for each note. The default is 50%, which means that each note of an arpeggiation is held for half of the length of that note. After 50% of the time has passed, the filter and amplitude envelopes will go into the release portion of their envelope settings. The available range is from OFF (no gate at all) to 100% (all notes are played legato with no space in between).
CLOCK DIV
This determines the arpeggiator’s note relationship to the internal or MIDI clock. The first value is 4, which means a single arpeggiation note is 4 whole notes long (384 MIDI clocks). The highest value is 1/64T, which means that each arpeggiation note is a 1/64th-note triplet (1 MIDI clock). Please refer to the chart on page 52 for a list of available clock divisions.
SWING
This parameter allows you to “swing” your sequence data. The range is from 0% to 100%. When SWING is set to 50% (default) all quarter notes are played with equal time (or “straight”). When SWING is set to a value below 50%, it will move the off-beats earlier in time. When SWING is set to a value above 50%, it will move the off-beats later in time. At 0% swing, only the off-beats will play; at 100% swing, only the on-beats will play.
STEP 1 RESET
This is used to determine the behavior of the various KB RESET parameters (MOD 1 & 2, Oscillators) when the Arpeggiator is running. If STEP 1 RESET is ON, then KB RESET will only occur on the first note of the arpeggiator pattern or sequence. If STEP 1 RESET is OFF, then
KB RESET will happen on every note of the arpeggiation or sequence.
END NOTES
This parameter is only valid when the BACK/FORTH button is illuminated. It determines if the beginning and ending notes of an arpeggiation are played once or twice during the turnaround.
NOTE: Each of the CONTROLLER edit pages for MOD BUS 1 and MOD BUS 2 have a parameter called LFO1 SWING (OFF/ON) and LFO2 SWING (OFF/ON), respectively. When these are set to ON (default) and when SYNC for that LFO is ON, the respective LFO will swing in accordance with the SWING value set above.
EXAMPLE: If you’re arpeggiating C-E-G using the UP Pattern with the BACK/FORTH button illuminated, you get C-E-G-E-C etc. if you choose ONCE. If you choose TWICE you’ll get C-E-
G-G-E-C-C etc.
SEQUENCER (PRESET EDIT 1.2)
Highlight SEQUENCER >> and press the CURSOR button to enter the SEQUENCER sub menu.
MOD DST
This is a dedicated mod destination for the sequencer. The position of the MOD WHEEL is recorded for each step in a sequence as a bi-polar value (with the MOD WHEEL centered equaling 0). You can use the MOD DST parameter to directly assign the SEQ MOD values
to virtually any parameter in the Sub 37. The default is OFF.
SEQ MOD AMT
This parameter scales the amount of sequence modulation to a selected destination. The values range from OFF (default) to 100%.
40
PRESET EDIT MENU PARAMETERS (CONTINUED)
SEQUENCER (PRESET EDIT 1.2) (CONTINUED)
SEQ MOD ONLY
When set to ON, this parameter prevents the sequencer from playing notes, but continues
transmission of sequence mod values. It effectively turns your sequencer into a 1-64 step modulation source. The default is OFF.
MODWHL CTRL
When set to ON, the Mod Wheel provides real-time scaling of sequence modulation values, where the maximum value is set by the SEQ MOD AMT parameter. The default is OFF.
NOTE: The modulation value for a step is set using the Mod Wheel, either while Recording a sequence or while a step is selected for editing in Step Edit. The mod value is bipolar, so setting the Mod Wheel to its lowest position sends the maximum “negative” modulation value, while the highest position sends the maximum “positive” modulation value. Setting the Mod
Wheel at its center position sends “no modulation”.
EXAMPLE: To use the per-step modulation to set a switched parameter from (normally) OFF to (modulated) ON, move the Mod Wheel all the way up when setting the SEQ MOD value for the sequence step. To set a switched parameter from (normally) ON to (modulated) OFF, move the Mod Wheel all the way down when recording to set a negative mod value for the sequence step.
RATCHET CT
When Ratchet is selected for a specific step in a sequence, the Ratchet Count causes that step to repeat multiple times within a single step-duration. You can set the ratchet multiple from 1x (no repeats) to 8x. The default is 2x.
FILTER EG (PRESET EDIT 1.3)
Highlight FILTER EG >> and press the CURSOR button to enter the FILTER EG sub menu.
GATE SRC
This is used to select which gate sources trigger the filter envelope. With NOTES selected, only key presses and arpeggiations will trigger the filter envelope. The KB GATE jack on the left side of the Sub 37 will not affect the filter envelope. With EXT selected, only trigger voltages received at the KB GATE jack will trigger the filter envelope. Neither key presses nor arpeggiations will affect the filter envelope. With BOTH selected, the keyboard, arpeggiations and the KB GATE will trigger the filter envelope.
EXP. ATTACK
This parameter determines if the filter envelope’s attack curve is linear (OFF) or exponential (ON). The default is OFF. An exponential attack will have a steeper slope on its way to the maximum value. Each slope has its own sonic advantages, which vary depending on whether you’re using very fast or very slow attack times.
CLOCK DIV
This specifies the filter envelope’s repeating relationship to the internal or MIDI clock when the envelope SYNC button is illuminated. The first value is 4, which means that the filter envelope is triggered every 4 whole notes (384 MIDI clocks). The highest value is 1/64T, which means that the filter envelope is re-triggered every 1/64th-note triplet (1 MIDI clock). Please refer to the chart on page 52 for a list of available clock divisions.
41
AMPLIFIER EG (PRESET EDIT MENU 1.4)
Highlight AMPLIFIER EG >> and press the CURSOR button to enter the AMPLIFIER EG sub menu.
GATE SRC
This is used to select which gate sources trigger the amplifier envelope. With NOTES selected, only key presses and arpeggiations will trigger the amplifier envelope. The KB GATE jack on the left side of the Sub 37 will not affect the amplifier envelope. With EXT selected, only trigger voltages received at the KB GATE jack will trigger the amplifier envelope. Neither key presses nor arpeggiations will affect the amplifier envelope. With BOTH selected, the keyboard, arpeggiations and the KB GATE will trigger the amplifier envelope.
EXP. ATTACK
This parameter determines if the amplifier envelope’s attack curve is linear (OFF) or exponential (ON). Default is OFF. An exponential attack will have a steeper slope on its way to the maximum value. Each slope has its own sonic advantages, which vary depending on whether you’re using very fast or very slow attack times.
CLOCK DIV
This specifies the amplifier envelope’s repeating relationship to the internal or MIDI clock when the envelope’s button is illuminated. The first value is 4, which means that the amplifier envelope is triggered every 4 whole notes (384 MIDI clocks). The highest value is 1/64T, which means that the amplifier envelope is re-triggered every 1/64th-note triplet (1 MIDI clock). Please refer to the chart on page 52 for a list of available clock divisions.
KB TRNSPOSE (PRESET EDIT MENU 1.5)
This parameter allows you to transpose the Sub 37’s keyboard from -12 half steps to +12 half steps.
The default is OFF. To transpose the keyboard from the front panel, hold both the KB OCTAVE UP and
DOWN buttons at the same time, and play any single note in the lower two octaves of keys. Pressing
Middle C will set the transposition to +0 (default). Keys to the left of Middle C will transpose downward,
and keys above Middle C will transpose upwards. This is stored as part of the preset.
KB PRIORITY (PRESET EDIT MENU 2.1)
Because the Sub 37 is monophonic (unless in DUO MODE), it will play only one note at a time.
By default, when you press two keys at the same time, it plays the most recent key you pressed,
regardless of its position. This is called last-note priority. You can change that behavior, however, so
that it will play either the lowest or the highest note when you press more than one key. The choices
are LOW (low-note priority), HIGH (high-note priority), or LAST (last-note priority). When the DUO
MODE button is lit, oscillator two will follow the low key, high key, or no keys, as indicated by the LO
and HI LEDs in the oscillator section. There is a global override of per-preset keyboard note priority in
the GLOBAL MENU. If LOW, HIGH, or LAST is chosen there, all KB PRIORITY settings will be ignored.
BEND UP (PRESET EDIT MENU 2.2)
This specifies the maximum upward pitch bend amount of the PITCH wheel in half-step (100 cent)
intervals. The default is +2 (one whole step, 200 cents). The range is from +0 to +24 (two octaves).
BEND DOWN (PRESET EDIT MENU 2.3)
This specifies the maximum downward pitch bend amount of the PITCH wheel in half-step (100 cent)
intervals. The default is -2 (one whole step down, -200 cents). The range is from -0 to -24 (two octaves).
BEND DEST (PRESET EDIT MENU 2.4)
This selects which of the two oscillators will respond to the PITCH wheel. NONE will send no pitch
bend control to either oscillator. This allows you to use the PITCH wheel for other MOD destinations.
OSC 1 sends pitch bend control only to oscillator 1. OSC 2 sends pitch bend control only to oscillator 2.
And BOTH sends pitch bend control to both oscillators.
PRESET VOL (PRESET EDIT MENU 2.5)
This allows you to scale the total volume of each preset individually for level matching loud and soft
patches. The default is 100% with a value range of OFF (0%) to 100%.
42
GLOBAL MENU
TUNING SCALES
SCALE NUMBER: 0 - 31
LOCAL CONTROL
GLOBAL MENU 1.x
1
ALL: ...
KEYS: ON, OFF
TUNING SCALE >>
WHEELS: ON, OFF
VARIANCE: 0.0C - 40.0C (CENTS)
KB PRIORITY: LOW, HIGH, LAST, PRST
PANEL: ON, OFF
POT MODE: ABS, THRU, RLTV
LOCAL CONTROL >>
CV MAPPING
GLOBAL MENU 2.X
2
PITCH: XXX (DEFAULT)
CV MAPPING >>
VOLUME: XXX (DEFAULT)
SEQ OPTIONS >>
GATE: XXX (DEFAULT)
SEQ PG CHASE: OFF, ON
GATE INVERT: OFF, ON
FINE TUNE: TUNE, EDIT
PER PRESET: OFF, ON
PRESET MWHL: OFF, ON
GLOBAL MENU 3.x
3
SEQ OPTIONS
CALIBRATION >>
NNOTE CALIBRATION
INIT SETTINGS >>
REF NOTE: FIRST, MID, C
CONTRAST: 0% ... 100%
PHASE RESET: OFF, ON
START NOTE: 0 - 127
MENU WRAP: OFF, ON
LATCH RSTRT: OFF, ON
END NOTE: 0 - 127
LIGHT SHOW: OFF, ON
DLAY PGM CHG: OFF, ON
PRESS [SAVE]
FIRMWARE & PANEL VERSION
MIDI OUTPUT: SEQ, KEYS
TO BEGIN
RECORD 1V
CALIBRATION
PRESSURE CALIBRATION
APPLY 1V TO PITCH CV INPUT
NOTE CAL >>
SENSOR: XX
PRESSURE CAL >>
THEN PRESS [SAVE]
MINIMUM: 0 - 16380
PITCH CV CAL >>
MAXIMUM: 0 - 16380
VOL CV CAL >>
SLEW: 0 - 16380
RECORD 4V
APPLY 4V TO PITCH CV INPUT
INIT SETTINGS ULT
THEN PRESS [SAVE]
PI
PITCH
CV CAL
HOLD [SAVE] TO
RECORD 1V >>
RESTORE DEFAULT
MIDI & GLOBAL
RECORD 4V >>
SETTINGS
SET DEFAULT >>
SET DEFAULT
PRESS [SAVE] TO RESTORE
PITCH CV DEFAULT CALIBRATION
PI
VOL
CV CAL
RECORD 1V
RECORD 1V >>
APPLY 1V TO VOL CV INPUT
RECORD 4V >>
SET DEFAULT >>
THEN PRESS [SAVE]
RECORD 4V
APPLY 4V TO VOL CV INPUT
THEN PRESS [SAVE]
SET DEFAULT
PRESS [SAVE] TO RESTORE
VOL CV DEFAULT CALIBRATION
Pressing the GLOBAL button takes you to the GLOBAL MENU, which contains parameters that affect
all presets. When the GLOBAL button is illuminated the top right of the LED display will indicate which
page you are on, followed by a decimal point, and then which parameter line you have selected. Use
the
buttons to choose a parameter for editing, and the FINE TUNE knob to scroll through a
selected parameter’s available options.
NOTE: You can also use the CURSOR button to select a parameter and the
buttons to step
through the selected parameter’s available options. To exit a parameter, simply press CURSOR again.
43
If more than one page of parameters exists, continuing to press the
button will take you through
the additional parameters and pages. If the MENU WRAP parameter (GLOBAL MENU) is OFF, the
button will stop working at the last parameter of the last page.
SUB MENU PARAMETERS
Some parameter types have multiple sub parameters, which are indicated by “>>”. If you have one of
these menu titles highlighted, you can jump to the sub menu by pressing the CURSOR button. To exit a
sub menu highlight the “(BACK)<<” parameter and press the CURSOR button. This will take you back
to the previous menu.
GLOBAL MENU PARAMETERS
TUNING SCALES (GLOBAL MENU 1.1)
The Sub 37 can store up to 31 custom 1-octave tuning scales in its memory. Scale number 0 (default)
is a 12 tone equal tempered tuning. You can create and load custom scales using the Phatty Tuner
application for Mac or Windows, available as a free download from Moogmusic.com.
Highlight TUNING SCALE >> and press the CURSOR button to enter the TUNING SCALES sub menu.
Now you can use the FINE TUNE knob to select a scale number. You can also change tuning scale via
MIDI, using RPN [Registered Parameter Number*] MSB 0, LSB 3. After setting RPN #3, send Data Entry
(CC #39) value 0 -31 to select the corresponding numbered scale, or send CC #96 [Increment] or CC #97
[Decrement] to select the next/previous scale. RPN MSB is set using CC #101, RPN LSB is set using CC # 100.
The Sub 37 also supports the MIDI tuning standards for Single-Note Tuning Change and Bulk Tuning
Dump (full 128-note tunings), in addition to the Scale/Octave format. The Sub 37 holds a single 128note tuning table in its active memory, which is not saved on power-down.
Additional documentation about MIDI SINGLE NOTE TUNING CHANGE can be found here:
http://www.midi.org/techspecs/midituning.php
You can also use computer software called Scala to send thousands of pre-made full tuning tables to
the Sub 37: http://www.huygens-fokker.org/scala/
VARIANCE (GLOBAL MENU 1.2)
This parameter allows you to add a small random tuning offset to each note. The offset is updated at
each note-on event. Oscillators 1 and 2 are offset symmetrically; if Oscillator 1 is offset 3.1 cents sharp,
Oscillator 2 will be 3.1 cents flat. The VARIANCE parameter sets the maximum amount of detuning,
using increments of 0.1 cents.
KB PRIORITY (GLOBAL MENU 1.3)
Because the Sub 37 is monophonic (unless in DUO MODE), it will play only one note at a time. By
default, it plays a note in response to the most recent key you pressed, regardless of its position. This
is called last-note priority. You can change this behavior so that it will play either the lowest or the
highest note when you press more than one key. The choices are LOW (low-note priority), HIGH (highnote priority), LAST (last-note priority) and PRST (as dictated by each preset’s specification in the
PRESET EDIT menu). When the DUO MODE button is illuminated, oscillator two will follow the low key,
high key, or no keys, as indicated by the LO and HI LEDs in the oscillator section.
NOTE: Any selection other than PRST will override ALL per-preset KB PRIORITY settings.
44
GLOBAL MENU PARAMETERS (CONTINUED)
POT MODE (GLOBAL MENU 1.4)
When changing presets, the physical positions of the panel knobs will not match the values saved in a
preset. POT MODE allows you to specify how a knob responds when you make changes to its position.
ABS: In absolute mode (default) the value of a parameter jumps to the knob’s current position as soon
as you begin turning it.
THRU: In pass through mode turning a knob has no effect until it reaches its preset value and then
takes effect.
RLTV: In relative mode turning a knob up or down slightly causes a minor change in value, while
turning it further causes an increasingly greater change in value. This allows the value to “catch up”
with the knob’s position and prevents any sudden jumps in sound.
NOTE: Relative and pass through modes are recommended for live performance, while absolute mode is
recommended for creating new sounds.
LOCAL CONTROL (GLOBAL MENU 1.5)
Highlight LOCAL CONTROL >> and press the CURSOR button to enter the LOCAL CONTROL sub menu.
Sometimes it’s useful to disable the keyboard and/or other physical controllers on the Sub 37 when
using it as a MIDI controller or when recording tracks into a DAW.
ALL
When ON, all of the Sub 37 controls, features, and functions send MIDI data to the Sub 37 as well as the specified MIDI OUTs. When OFF, no physical controls, features, or functions have any impact on the Sub 37, but all MIDI data is still transmitted to the specified MIDI outputs.
KEYS
When ON, the Sub 37 keyboard sends MIDI data both to the internal sound engine as well as the specified MIDI OUTs. When OFF, the keyboard data is not transmitted internally meaning it has no effect on the Sub 37, but keyboard MIDI data is still transmitted to the specified MIDI outputs.
WHEELS
When ON, the Sub 37 PITCH bend and MODULATION wheels send MIDI data both to the internal sound engine as well as the specified MIDI OUTs. When OFF, the pitch bend and modulation data is not transmitted internally meaning it has no effect on the Sub 37, but their MIDI data is still transmitted to the specified MIDI outputs.
PANEL
When ON, all of the Sub 37 knobs and buttons send MIDI data to the Sub 37 as well as the specified MIDI OUTs. When OFF, no physical knobs or panel buttons have any impact on the Sub 37, but their MIDI data is still transmitted to the specified MIDI outputs.
CV MAPPING (GLOBAL MENU 2.1)
The CV MAPPING submenu allows you to map the external PITCH CV, VOLUME CV and KB GATE
inputs to various parameters and functions. The CV mapping of PITCH CV and VOLUME CV to a
desired parameter allows you to connect a continuous controller pedal (with a 1/4” TRS plug) to
one of the CV inputs and then directly control the mapped parameter. The KB GATE input is similar
but uses a 1/4” TS footswitch and typically controls switch-based parameters.
PITCH
Maps an external PITCH CV controller to virtually any Sub 37 sound parameter, as well as three special functions, SQMODAMT, RTCHT CT, and ST1 RESET.
SQMODAMT: Sequence Mod Amount scales the SEQ MOD values stored in each step of the Sequence.
45
GLOBAL MENU PARAMETERS (CONTINUED)
PITCH
(CONTINUED)
RTCHT CT
Ratchet Count allows you to change, in real time, the Ratchet Count from 1x - 8x. All steps that have Ratchet On will respond to these changes.
ST1 RESET
Step 1 Reset causes the Arp or Sequencer to restart at step 1 any time a voltage trigger (voltage rising from below 2.5 volts to greater than 2.5 volts) is detected at the CV input. Using both the ST1 RESET and STEP ADV mappings, you can sync the Sub 37 sequencer to external trigger control in a number of creative ways.
VOLUME
Maps the external VOL CV controller to virtually any Sub 37 sound parameters, including SQMODAMT, RTCHT CT, and ST1 RESET.
GATE
The KB GATE external input can be mapped to any on/off type parameter, as well as two special functions, STEP ADV and SUST PED.
STEP ADV
Uses a voltage trigger at the KB GATE input to advance the arpeggiator or sequencer step. While the STEP ADV mapping is active, the internal clock and MIDI clock sync are overridden for the Arpeggiator and Sequencer (although the LFOs and Envelopes continue to sync to Internal or MIDI clock according to the SYNC setting in the Arpeggiator section).
SUST PED
Sets the KB GATE input to work as a simple Sustain pedal, without triggering the Sub 37 gate/envelopes directly.
GATE INVERT
A setting of ON reverses the effect of the KB GATE input. This allows the Sub 37 to accommodate normally-open or normally-closed footswitches. The default is OFF.
PER PRESET
When set to ON, this function loads CV Mapping settings for each preset. If PER PRESET is OFF (default), then the Global CV MAPPING settings will persist when changing presets.
SEQUENCER OPTIONS (GLOBAL MENU 2.2)
Highlight SEQ OPTIONS >> and press the CURSOR button to enter the SEQUENCER OPTIONS sub menu.
REF NOTE
When playing a step sequence in the ARPEGGIATOR section, you can change the key of that sequence by playing different notes. When REF NOTE is set to FIRST (default), the note you press to start the sequence dictates the actual first note of that sequence. When you choose the MID C parameter, pressing Middle C on the keyboard will start the sequence on the same pitch it was recorded. Playing any other key above or below Middle C will result in a transposition (up or down) equal to that key’s distance from Middle C.
46
GLOBAL MENU PARAMETERS (CONTINUED)
SEQUENCER OPTIONS (CONTINUED)
PHASE RESET
When set to ON, the sequencer timing (the downbeat) is reset the moment a new note is played. If PHASE RESET is OFF (default), then the timing of the sequencer is set by the arpeggiator or in response to a MIDI Start message, but the downbeat is not reset when a
new note is played.
NOTE: When PHASE RESET is OFF and you play a new note before the downbeat, the arp or sequence will not start until the next beat.
LATCH RSTRT
Latch Restart determines the sequencer behavior when the LATCH button is illuminated. If LATCH RSTRT is ON, then each new note press (with no notes held) will restart the sequence from its first step. If LATCH RSTRT is OFF (default), then new note presses will not restart
the sequence; it will transpose as appropriate without resetting to the first step. In either case, if a new note is played while a previous note is still held, the sequence will transpose without restarting.
DLAY PGM CHG
If Delay Program Change is ON, then a preset change made while a sequence is playing will be delayed until the end of the sequence. At the downbeat of the first step, it will switch to the newly selected preset. If the new preset also contains an active sequence, it should also begin playing seamlessly at this time. If DLAY PGM CHG is set to OFF (default) the preset will change instantly.
MIDI OUT
This determines if the notes coming from the Sub 37’s MIDI Output are the actual keys being played (KEYS) or the notes being generated by the arpeggiator’s sequence (SEQ). SEQ is the default setting.
SEQ PG CHASE (GLOBAL MENU 2.3)
Sequence Page Chase controls the display of pages 1 through 4 of step data while in Step Edit mode.
If SEQ PG CHASE is ON (default), then the step display (PRESET BUTTONS 1-16) will automatically
“chase” during playback, always showing the page of steps that is currently playing. When you want
to edit a multi-page sequence while it is playing, it can be helpful to turn SEQ PG CHASE to OFF, in
which case you can manually specify which page is displayed, even while the sequence is playing
steps on other sequence pages.
FINE TUNE (GLOBAL MENU 2.4)
This parameter determines the function of the FINE TUNE knob while you are navigating through the
edit menus and naming presets. When TUNE is selected the FINE TUNE knob always adjusts the finetuning of the Sub 37. When EDIT (default) is selected the FINE TUNE knob can be used to adjust a
highlighted parameter’s value without having to first press the CURSOR button. When you exit the edit
menus the FINE TUNE knob resumes its primary function.
PRESET MWHL (GLOBAL MENU 2.5)
Determines whether a preset’s initial modulation depth is controlled by the mod wheel’s current
position or the position that was current when the patch was saved. The choices are ON (default) which
loads the MOD WHEEL position when the preset was last saved, and OFF which globally follows the
current MOD WHEEL position.
CALIBRATION (GLOBAL MENU 3.1)
When this is highlighted, pressing the CURSOR button takes you into the CALIBRATION sub menu,
which allows you to run calibration routines for the oscillators, aftertouch, and Pitch CV Input.
47
GLOBAL MENU PARAMETERS (CONTINUED)
NOTE CAL
When NOTE CAL is highlighted, pressing the CURSOR button takes you into the NOTE CALIBRATION menu. Note calibration allows you to run a full-range calibration procedure, which ensures the oscillators remain in tune for every playable note. During note calibration, the Sub 37 “listens” to each note the oscillators produce and then adjusts them to the expected pitch. The control voltage required to produce that pitch is recorded and saved in
the Sub 37’s internal memory.
NOTE: Note calibration is not the same as the FINE TUNE knob on the front panel. FINE TUNE adjusts the overall reference pitch for the synthesizer, allowing you to quickly bring the synthesizer in tune with other instruments. The two operations do not depend on each other.
Because the oscillators in the Sub 37 are extremely stable, note calibration should rarely need to be performed.
To run note calibration, choose the range of notes you wish to calibrate, and press SAVE. The standard note range is the full range of notes the Sub 37’s oscillators can produce (MIDI notes 15 through 116). Because calibration is a slow process, if you only need to calibrate a few notes, you can save time by choosing a smaller note range. Normally, however, you should calibrate the full range.
START NOTE
This chooses the lowest note number to be calibrated. It is best left at 15 unless you have a very specific reason for doing otherwise.
END NOTE
This chooses the highest note number to be calibrated. It is best left at 116 unless you have a very specific reason for doing otherwise.
PRESSURE CAL
When this is highlighted, pressing the CURSOR button takes you into the PRESSURE CALIBRATION sub menu which allows you to set values for the precise tracking of aftertouch.
SENSOR
This is a real-time readout of the aftertouch sensor’s current value. You can press any or no keys to observe the typical minimum value (no pressure) and maximum value (a lot of pressure). Some keys may have higher values than others.
MINIMUM
To achieve the full range of response to aftertouch set this value to the lowest SENSOR value while not touching any keys. (If you want aftertouch to work only when you press the keys significantly harder, set this value higher than the lowest SENSOR value.)
Press CURSOR to highlight the numeric value for MINIMUM. While this value is highlighted, press the SAVE button to capture the current SENSOR value as the MINIMUM value.
MAXIMUM
To achieve the full range of response to aftertouch you will want to set this value to the highest SENSOR value while applying full pressure to multiple keys simultaneously. Press CURSOR to highlight the numeric value for MAXIMUM. While this value is highlighted, press the SAVE button to capture the current SENSOR value as the MAXIMUM value.
48
GLOBAL MENU PARAMETERS (CONTINUED)
PRESSURE CAL (CONTINUED)
SLEW
This parameter adds a glide time between aftertouch amounts. Increasing the number will give you a smoother aftertouch response. Lower values will give you a more precise response. Experiment to find the setting that’s right for you. The default value is 200.
PITCH CV CAL
When this is highlighted, pressing the CURSOR button takes you into the PITCH CV CALIBRATION sub menu which allows you to run a calibration routine for incoming pitch CV’s.
RECORD 1V
Apply 1 Volt DC to the PITCH CV Input jack and then press SAVE.
RECORD 4V
Apply 4 Volt DC to the PITCH CV Input jack and then press SAVE.
USE DEFAULT
If you are not happy with your own calibration. Press SAVE and the default 1V and 4V calibration is restored.
VOL CV CAL
When this is highlighted, pressing the CURSOR button takes you into the VOL CV CALIBRATION SUB MENU which allows you to run a calibration routine for incoming volume CV’s.
RECORD 1V
Apply 1 Volt DC to the VOL CV Input jack and then press SAVE.
RECORD 4V
Apply 4 Volt DC to the VOL CV Input jack and then press SAVE.
USE DEFAULT
If you are not happy with your own calibration. Press SAVE and the default 1V and 4V calibration is restored.
INIT SETTINGS (GLOBAL MENU 3.2)
When this is highlighted you can press CURSOR to enter a page that allows you to reset the system
settings (everything in the MIDI MENU and GLOBAL MENU) to their default values. To initialize,hold
the SAVE button until it counts down from 5 to 1. If you let go before it passes 1 it will abort the
initialization. If you hold SAVE for the full 5 count the display will confirm that you have initialized the
system settings. NOTE: INIT SETTINGS will NOT erase the factory or user presets, only the MIDI and
GLOBAL settings.
CONTRAST (GLOBAL MENU 3.3)
This parameter changes the display screen’s contrast level. At lower settings the text will appear fainter.
At higher settings the text will appear darker. The appropriate setting is dictated by your viewing angle,
the ambient lighting in the room, and even the temperature of the room. The default is 64%.
MENU WRAP (GLOBAL MENU 3.4)
When set to ON (default) the very last parameter in any menu will then lead back to the very first menu
parameter. When MENU WRAP is set to OFF, then pressing the
button will have no effect once
you’ve reached the very last parameter in a menu.
LIGHT SHOW (GLOBAL MENU 3.5)
Amuse your friends and confound your enemies. When set to ON, the front panel LEDs flash in a 1960s
“futuristic” manner. While perfect for breaks, between sets, and television appearances, the default is OFF
since you can’t see any of your button choices when it is animating (although everything is fully functional
when LIGHT SHOW is ON). Use the ARPEGGIATOR RATE knob to change the speed of the light show.
FIRMWARE AND PANEL VERSIONS
The bottom line of this display page shows the current firmware versions installed on your Sub 37.
49
CONTROLLERS MENU
MOD x CONTROL
1
MOD BUS x
MOD WHEEL: -100%...OFF..+100%
VELOCITY: -100%...OFF...+100%
PGM SRC: (See MOD PGM SRC list)
AFTERTOUCH: -100%...OFF...+100%
PGM DST: (See MOD PGM DST list)
CTRL4 AMT: -100%...OFF...+100%
LFO KBTRACK: OFF...100%
SWING LFO: OFF, ON
CTRL4 SRC: BREATH, FLT EG,
AMP EG, LFO 1, LFO2
MOD x EDIT >>
Pressing this button takes you to the MOD 1 or MOD 2 CONTROL MENU on the LED display screen. Here
you can determine the amount of effect that the MODULATION wheel, VELOCITY, AFTERTOUCH, and
an assignable CONTROLLER 4, have on the modulation destinations. Use the
buttons to choose a
parameter for editing, and the FINE TUNE knob to scroll through a selected parameter’s available options.
NOTE: You can also use the CURSOR button to select a parameter and the
buttons to step
through the selected parameter’s available options. To exit a parameter, simply press CURSOR again.
CONTROL MENU PARAMETERS
MOD WHEEL
This parameter sets the modulation depth caused when the MODULATION wheel is raised to its
maximum position. The values range from -100% to +100%.
VELOCITY
This parameter sets the modulation depth caused when the keyboard velocity is played at its fastest
speed. The values range from -100% to +100%.
AFTERTOUCH
This parameter sets the modulation depth caused when the keyboard aftertouch is pressed fully. The
values range from -100% to +100%.
CTRL4 AMT
This parameter sets the modulation depth caused when a designated external MIDI CC (currently
fixed as CC#2) or other CTRL4 SRC is sent to the Sub 37. The values range from -100% to +100%.
CTRL4 SRC
This parameter allows you to choose the source of the fourth modulation depth controller. It had been
previously fixed to CC#2 BREATH, but can now also be assigned to FLT EG (Filter EG), AMP EG, LFO 1, or
LFO 2. If you choose FLT EG as the source, you can set the EG’s DELAY parameter to receive a delayed
LFO onset, for example.
MOD (1 OR 2) EDIT
Highlight MOD (1 OR 2) EDIT >> and press the CURSOR button to enter the MOD EDIT sub menu.
PGM SRC
This parameter allows you to change the MOD’s sixth modulation source from FILTER EG to:
AMP EG: Amplitude Envelope Generator
SINE LFO: Extra Sine Wave LFO
OSC1 PCH: Oscillator 1’s Pitch SEQ NOTE: Current Note of the Sequencer
SEQ MOD: Mod Wheel Amount Stored In Sequence Step
VELOCITY: Latest Note On velocity
50
CONST ON: Constant On
NOISE LFO: Extra Noise LFO
OSC2 PCH: Oscillator 2’s Pitch
SEQ VEL: Current Velocity of the Sequencer
PRESSURE: Current Aftertouch Amount
KB TRACK: The current Key Tracking value
(bi-polar, centered on MIDI Note 48, Middle C)
CONTROLLERS MENU (CONTINUED)
PGM DST
This parameter allows you to specify the MOD’s sixth modulation destination from the default of EG TIME to:
FILT RES: Filter Resonance Amount
FILT SLP: Filter poles slope (-6, -12, -18, -24)
F KB AMT: Filter Keyboard Tracking Amount
SUB LEV: Sub Oscillator Level
EXFB LEV: External Input /Feedback Level
SUB ON: Sub Oscillator ON/OFF Control
NOISE ON: Noise Generator ON/OFF Control
ARP RATE: Arpeggiator Rate
ARP RNGE: Arpeggiator Range
ARP BFMD: Arpeggiator Back/Forth Ends
ARP GLEN: Arpeggiator Gate Length
GLD TIME: Glide Time
GLD TYPE: Glide Type (LCR, LCT, or EXP)
GLD LGTO: Glide Legato
LFO1CKDV: LFO 1 Clock Divisions (When Synced)
LFO1SYNC: LFO 1 Arp Sync ON/OFF
LFO1KBTRK: LFO 1 Keyboard Tracking Amount
MOD1FAMT: Mod Bus 1 Filter Amount
MOD1PDST: Mod Bus 1 Programmable Destination LFO2RNGE: LFO 2 Range (LOW, MED, HIGH)
LFO2KRST: LFO 2 Keyboard Reset ON/OFF
MOD2PAMT: Mod Bus 2 Pitch Amount
MOD2PGMA: Mod Bus 2 Programmable Destination Amount OSC1 OCT: Oscillator 1 Octave (16’, 8’, 4’, 2’)
OSCKBRST: Oscillators Keyboard Reset
OSC2KCTL: Oscillator 2 Keyboard Control for
Duo Mode (DRONE, LOW NOTE, HIGH NOTE)
OSC2BEAT: Oscillator 2 Beat Frequency Offset
F EG DCY: Filter Envelope Generator Decay
F EG REL: Filter Envelope Generator Release
F EG HLD: Filter Envelope Generator Hold
FEG KTRK: Filter Envelope Generator Keyboard Tracking Amount
FEG RST: Filter Envelope Generator Reset ON/OFF
FEG LOOP: Filter Envelope Generator Loop ON/OFF
A EG ATK: Amplitude Envelope Generator Attack
A EG SUS: Amplitude Envelope Generator Sustain
A EG HLD: Amplitude Envelope Generator Hold
AEG KTRK: Amplitude Envelope Generator Keyboard Tracking Amount
AEG RST: Amplitude Envelope Generator Reset ON/OFF
AEG LOOP: Amplitude Envelope Generator Loop ON/OFF
OUT VOL: Master Volume Level
BEND DOWN: Pitch Bend Down Max Amount
LFO1SWNG: LFO 1 Swing Amount
SQMODAMT: Seq Mod Amount To Destination
51
FILT DRV: Filter Multidrive Amount
F EG AMT: Filter Envelope Generator Amount
OSC1 LEV: Oscillator 1 Level
OSC2 LEV: Oscillator 2 Level
OSC1 ON: Oscillator 1 ON/OFF Control
OSC2 ON: Oscillator 2 ON/OFF Control
EXFB ON: External Input/Feedback ON/OFF
ARP CLKDV: Arpeggiator Clock Divisions
ARP BKFD: Arpeggiator Backwards/Forwards
ARP INV: Arpeggiator Invert
ARP RUN: Arpeggiator Run/Stop
GLD OSC: Glide Oscillator Assignment
GLD GATE: Glide Gated Control ON/OFF
GLD ON: Glide ON/OFF
LFO1RNGE: LFO 1 Range (LOW, MED, HIGH)
LFO1KBRS: LFO 1 Keyboard Reset ON/OFF
MOD1PAMT: Mod Bus 1 Pitch Amount
MOD1PGMA: Mod Bus 1 Programmable
Destination Amount
LFO2CKDV: LFO 2 Clock Divisions (When Synced)
LFO2SYNC: LFO 2 Arp Sync ON/OFF
LFO2KTRK: LFO 2 Keyboard Tracking Amount
MOD2FAMT: Mod Bus 2 Filter Amount
MOD2PDST: Mod Bus 2 Programmable
Destination
OSC2 SYNC: Oscillator 2 Hard Sync ON/OFF
OSC2 OCT: Oscillator 2 Octave (16’, 8’, 4’, 2’)
OSC 2 DUO: Oscillator 2 Duophonic mode ON/OFF
OSC2FREQ: Oscillator 2 Frequency Offset
F EG ATK: Filter Envelope Generator Attack
F EG SUS: Filter Envelope Generator Sustain
F EG DLY: Filter Envelope Generator Delay
FEG VAMT: Filter Envelope Generator Velocity
FEG MTRG: Filter Envelope Generator Multi-
trigger ON/OFF
FEG SYNC: Filter Envelope Generator Sync to
Arpeggiator Clock
FEG LTCH: Filter Envelope Generator Latch
ON/OFF
A EG DCY: Amplitude Envelope Generator Decay
A EG REL: Amplitude Envelope Generator Release
AEG VAMT: Amplitude Envelope Generator Velocity
AEG MTRG: Amplitude Envelope Generator Multi-trigger ON/OFF
AEG SYNC: Amplitude Envelope Generator Sync to Arpeggiator Clock
AEG LTCH: Amplitude Envelope Generator Latch ON (always ON) /OFF
BEND UP: Pitch Bend Up Max Amount
ARP SWING: Arpeggiator Swing Amount
LFO2SWNG: LFO 2 Swing Amount
RTCHT CT: Ratchet Count (1 - 8)
CONTROLLERS MENU CONT.
LFO KBTRACK
This parameter allows you to change the LFO RATE based on the key number. The values range from 0% to 200%. When this value is increased the LFO will speed up as you go higher up the keyboard.
LFO (1 OR 2) SWING
This parameter, when ON (default) causes the LFO to swing at the amount set in the PRESET EDIT / APREGGIATOR sub menu.
MIDI OPERATIONS
MIDI CHANNEL
By default, the Sub 37 is set to receive and send MIDI on Channel 1, but it can be configured to send
and receive on MIDI Channel (1 - 16).
MIDI CONTROL CHANGE (CC) MESSAGES
The tables on the following pages list all MIDI CC messages for the Sub 37.
MIDI CC VALUES FOR THE LFO 1 CLOCK DIVIDER (CC #3), LFO 2 CLOCK DIVIDER (CC #8)
TIME VALUE
DIVISION
VALUE
4 WHOLE NOTES
4 WHOLE
0-6
3 WHOLE NOTES
3 WHOLE
7-12
2 WHOLE NOTES
2 WHOLE
13-18
WHOLE NOTE + HALF NOTE
WH + 1/2
19-24
WHOLE NOTE
WH
25-40
DOTTED 1/2 NOTE
1/2 DOT
31-36
WHOLE NOTE TRIPLET
WH T
37-42
1/2 NOTE
1/2
43-48
DOTTED 1/4 NOTE TRIPLET
1/4 DOT
49-54
1/2 NOTE TRIPLET
1/2 T
55- 60
1/4 NOTE
1/4
61- 67
DOTTED 1/8 NOTE
1/8 DOT
68-73
1/4 NOTE TRIPLET
1/4 T
74-79
1/8 NOTE
1/8
80 -85
DOTTED 1/16 NOTE
1/16 DOT
86-91
1/8 NOTE TRIPLET
1/8 T
92-97
1/16 NOTE
1/16
98-103
1/16 NOTE TRIPLET
1/16 T
104-109
1/32 NOTE
1/32
110 -115
1/32 NOTE TRIPLET
1/32 T
116-121
1/64 NOTE TRIPLET
1/64 T
122-127
52
CONTROL/PARAMETER
MIDI CC #
CC VALUE RANGE
BANK SELECT
0
ALWAYS TRANSMITS 0, SHOULD ALWAYS
SEND 0 WHEN SENDING THIS CC
MOD WHEEL
1 [MSB], 33 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
<RESERVED - MIDI BREATH CTRL> 2 [MSB], 34 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
LFO 1 RATE
3 [MSB], 35 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
MOD 1 PITCH AMT
4 [MSB], 36 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
GLIDE TIME
5 [MSB], 37 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
<RESERVED - DATA ENTRY>
6 [MSB], 38 [LSB]
MASTER VOLUME
7 [MSB], 39 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
LFO 2 RATE
8 [MSB], 40 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
OSC 1 WAVE
9 [MSB], 41 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
<RESERVED - MIDI PAN >
10 [MSB], 42 [LSB]
MOD 1 FILTER AMT
11 [MSB], 43 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
OSC 2 FREQ
12 [MSB], 44 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
OSC 2 BEAT FREQ
13 [MSB], 45 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
OSC 2 WAVE
14 [MSB], 46 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
MOD 2 PITCH AMT
15 [MSB], 47 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
MOD 2 FILTER AMT
16 [MSB], 48 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
MOD 2 PGM DEST AMT
17 [MSB], 49 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
FILTER MULTIDRIVE
18 [MSB], 50 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
FILTER CUTOFF
19 [MSB], 51 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
MOD 1 PGM DEST AMT
20 [MSB], 52 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
FILTER RESONANCE
21 [MSB], 53 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
FILTER KB AMT
22 [MSB], 54 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
FILTER EG ATTACK TIME
23 [MSB], 55 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
FILTER EG DECAY TIME
24 [MSB], 56 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
FILTER EG SUSTAIN TIME
25 [MSB], 57 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
FILTER EG RELEASE TIME
26 [MSB], 58 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
FILTER EG AMT
27 [MSB], 59 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
AMP EG ATTACK TIME
28 [MSB], 60 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
AMP EG DECAY TIME
29 [MSB], 61 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
AMP EG SUSTAIN TIME
30 [MSB], 62 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
AMP EG RELEASE TIME
31 [MSB], 63 [LSB]
0-127 [MSB], 0-16383[MSB,LSB]
BANK SELECT [LSB]
32
0 = PRESET BANKS 1...8,
1 = PRESET BANKS 9...16
HOLD PEDAL/SUSTAIN
64
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
GLIDE
65
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
ARPEGGIATOR LATCH
69
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
MOD 1 OSC 1/2 SEL
70
0 = OSC1 + OSC2, 43 = OSC1, 85 = OSC2
MOD 1 SOURCE
71
0 = TRIANGLE LFO, 21 = SQUARE LFO,
43 = SAW LFO, 64 = RAMP LFO,
85 = S&H LFO, 107 = F.EG/PGM
MOD 2 SOURCE
72
0 = TRIANGLE LFO, 21 = SQUARE LFO,
43 = SAW LFO, 64 = RAMP LFO,
85 = S&H LFO, 107 = F.EG/PGM
53
CONTROL/PARAMETER
MIDI CC #
CC VALUE RANGE
ARP ON/OFF
73
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
OSC 1 OCTAVE
74
0 = 16’, 32 = 8’, 64 = 4’, 96 = 2’
OSC 2 OCTAVE
75
0 = 16’, 32 = 8’, 64 = 4’, 96 = 2’
LFO 1 RANGE
76
0 = Low Range, 43 = Med Range, 85
= Hi Range
OSC 2 HARD SYNC ON/OFF
77
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
LFO 2 RANGE
78
0 = Low Range, 43 = Med Range, 85
= Hi Range
FILTER EG KB AMT
79
0 - 127
AMP EG KB AMT
80
0 - 127
OSC KB RESET ON/OFF
81
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
FILTER EG RESET
82
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
AMP EG RESET
83
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
<RESERVED PORTAMENTO CONTROL> 84
GLIDE TYPE
85
0 = LCR, 43 = LCT, 85 = EXP
FILTER EG VEL AMT
86
0 - 127
AMP EG VEL AMT
87
0 - 127
MOD 2 OSC 1/2 SEL
88
0 = OSC1 + OSC2, 43 = OSC1,
85 = OSC2
KB OCTAVE
89
0 = -2 Oct, 26 = -1 Oct, 51 = +0 Oct,
77 = +1 Oct, 102 = +2 Oct
MOD 1 DEST
91
0 = LF02 Rate, 18 = VCA Level,
37 = OSC1 Wave, 55 = OSC1 + OSC2
Wave, 73 = OSC2 Wave,
91 = Noise Level, 110 = EG Time/PGM
MOD 2 DEST
92
0 = LF01 Rate, 18 = VCA Level,
37 = OSC1 Wave, 55 = OSC1 + OSC2
Wave, 73 = OSC2 Wave,
91 = Noise Level, 110 = EG Time/PGM
LFO 1 KB RESET
93
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
GLIDE LEGATO
94
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
LFO 2 KB RESET
95
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
<RESERVED DATA INCREMENT>
96
<RESERVED DATA DECREMENT>
97
<RESERVED NRPN LSB>
98
<RESERVED NRPN MSB>
99
<RESERVED RPN LSB>
100
<RESERVED RPN MSB>
101
GLIDE DEST OSC 1/2/BOTH
102
0 = OSC1 + OSC2, 43 = OSC1,
85 = OSC2
FILTER EG DELAY
103
0-127
AMP EG DELAY
104
0-127
FILTER EG HOLD
105
0-127
54
CONTROL/PARAMETER
MIDI CC #
CC VALUE RANGE
AMP EG HOLD
106
0-127
PITCH BEND UP AMOUNT
107
0..+24 SEMITONES
PITCH BEND DOWN AMOUNT
108
0..+24 SEMITONES
FILTER SLOPES (POLES)
109
0 = -6dB, 32 = -12dB, 64 = -18dB,
96 = -24dB
OSC DUO MODE ON/OFF
110
0= OFF / 64 = ON
KB CTRL LO/HI
111
0 = NEITHER, 32 = LO, 64 = HI
FILTER EG MULTI TRIG
112
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
AMP EG MULTI TRIG
113
0 = OFF / 64 = ON
OSC 1 LEVEL
114
0-127
OSC 1 SUB LEVEL
115
0-127
OSC 2 LEVEL
116
0-127
NOISE LEVEL
117
0-127
FEEDBACK/EXT LEVEL
118
0-127
KB TRANSPOSE
119
RECEIVE ONLY: -12…+13 SEMITONES
LOCAL CONTROL ON/OFF
122
0 = OFF / 127 = ON
55
NRPN CHART
Non Registered Parameter Numbers allow for a much higher number of unique control messages (16,000+).
Since the Sub 37 has over 150 parameters saved with each sound, it is not possible to assign a standard MIDI
CC to every parameter. For complete MIDI output from every panel knob and button, you will need to set the
KNB NRPN/CC parameter to NRPN mode.
NOTE: Not every audio production software allows easy editing of NRPN messages, so you may prefer CC
output for ease of use.
PARAMETER NAME
VALUE RANGE
NRPN
NRPN MSB (CC 99) NRPN LSB(CC 98)
MOD WHEEL
16384
402
3
18
ARP RATE
16384
403
3
19
ARP SYNC
2
404
3
20
ARP RANGE
7
405
3
21
ARP BACK FORTH
2
406
3
22
ARP BF MODE
2
407
3
23
ARP INVERT
2
408
3
24
ARP PATTERN
6
409
3
25
ARP RUN
2
410
3
26
ARP LATCH
2
411
3
27
ARP GATE LEN
16384
412
3
28
ARP CLK DIV
21
413
3
29
(RESERVED)
414
3
30
(RESERVED)
415
3
31
ARP STEP 1 RESET
2
416
3
32
GLIDE TIME
16384
417
3
33
GLIDE OSC
3
418
3
34
GLIDE TYPE
3
419
3
35
GLIDE GATE
2
420
3
36
GLIDE LEGATO
2
421
3
37
GLIDE ON
2
422
3
38
LFO 1 RATE
16384
423
3
39
LFO 1 RANGE
3
424
3
40
LFO 1 SYNC
2
425
3
41
LFO 1 KB RESET
2
426
3
42
LFO 1 CLK DIV
21
427
3
43
LFO 1 CLK SRC
2
428
3
44
429
3
45
430
3
46
(RESERVED)
431
3
47
(RESERVED)
432
3
48
(RESERVED)
433
3
49
(RESERVED)
LFO 1 KB TRACK
16384
56
PARAMETER NAME
VALUE RANGE
(RESERVED)
NRPN NRPN MSB (CC 99) NRPN LSB(CC 98)
434
3
50
MOD 1 MWHL AMT
16384
435
3
51
MOD 1 VELOCITY AMT
16384
436
3
52
MOD 1 PRESSURE AMT
16384
437
3
53
MOD 1 CTL4 AMT
16384
438
3
54
439
3
55
(RESERVED)
MOD 1 SOURCE
6
440
3
56
MOD 1 PGM SRC
8
441
3
57
MOD 1 DEST
7
442
3
58
MOD 1 PGM DEST
89
443
3
59
MOD 1 PGM AMT
16384
444
3
60
MOD 1 PITCH AMT
16384
445
3
61
MOD 1 FILTER AMT
16384
446
3
62
MOD 1 PITCH DEST
3
447
3
63
LFO 2 RATE
16384
448
3
64
LFO 2 RANGE
3
449
3
65
LFO 2 SYNC
2
450
3
66
LFO 2 KB RESET
2
451
3
67
LFO 2 CLK DIV
21
452
3
68
LFO 2 CLK SRC
2
453
3
69
454
3
70
455
3
71
(RESERVED)
456
3
72
(RESERVED)
457
3
73
(RESERVED)
458
3
74
(RESERVED)
459
3
75
(RESERVED)
LFO 2 KB TRACK
16384
MOD 2 MWHL AMT
16384
460
3
76
MOD 2 VELOCITY AMT
16384
461
3
77
MOD 2 PRESSURE AMT
16384
462
3
78
MOD 2 CTL4 AMT
16384
463
3
79
464
3
80
(RESERVED)
MOD 2 SOURCE
6
465
3
81
MOD 2 PGM SRC
8
466
3
82
MOD 2 DEST
7
467
3
83
MOD 2 PGM DEST
89
468
3
84
MOD 2 PGM AMT
16384
469
3
85
MOD 2 PITCH AMT
16384
470
3
86
MOD 2 FILTER AMT
16384
471
3
87
MOD 2 PITCH DEST
3
472
3
88
473
3
89
(RESERVED)
57
PARAMETER NAME
VALUE RANGE
NRPN NRPN MSB (CC 99) NRPN LSB(CC 98)
(RESERVED)
474
3
90
(RESERVED)
475
3
91
(RESERVED)
476
3
92
(RESERVED)
477
3
93
(RESERVED)
478
3
94
OSC 1 OCTAVE
4
479
3
95
OSC 1 WAVE
16384
480
3
96
OSC 2 HARD SYNC
2
481
3
97
OSC KB RESET
2
482
3
98
OSC 2 OCTAVE
4
483
3
99
OSC 2 WAVE
16384
484
3
100
OSC 2 KB CTRL
3
485
3
101
OSC 2 DUO MODE
16384
486
3
102
OSC 2 FREQUENCY
3
487
3
103
OSC 2 BEAT
2
488
3
104
OSC 1 LEVEL
2
489
3
105
OSC 1 ON
21
490
3
106
SUB OSC ON
2
491
3
107
SUB OSC LEVEL
16384
492
3
108
OSC 2 LEVEL
16384
493
3
109
OSC 2 ON
2
494
3
110
NOISE ON
2
495
3
111
NOISE LEVEL
16384
496
3
112
FB EXT LEVEL
16384
497
3
113
FB EXT ON
2
498
3
114
FILTER CUTOFF
16384
499
3
115
500
3
116
FILTER RESONANCE
FILTER DRIVE
16384
501
3
117
FILTER SLOPE
4
502
3
118
FILTER EG AMT
16384
503
3
119
FILTER KB AMT
16384
504
3
120
F EG ATTACK
16384
505
3
121
F EG DECAY
16384
506
3
122
F EG SUSTAIN
16384
507
3
123
F EG RELEASE
16384
508
3
124
F EG DELAY
16384
509
3
125
F EG HOLD
16384
510
3
126
F EG VEL AMT
16384
511
3
127
F EG KB TRACK
16384
512
4
0
F EG MULTI TRIG
2
513
4
1
58
PARAMETER NAME
VALUE RANGE
NRPN NRPN MSB (CC 99) NRPN LSB(CC 98)
F EG RESET
2
514
4
2
F EG SYNC
2
515
4
3
F EG LOOP
2
516
4
4
F EG LATCH
2
517
4
5
F EG CLK DIV
2
518
4
6
519
4
7
520
4
8
(RESERVED)
521
4
9
(RESERVED)
522
4
10
(RESERVED)
523
4
11
(RESERVED)
524
4
12
(RESERVED)
F EG ATTK EXP
2
59
SERVICE AND SUPPORT INFORMATION
MOOG LIMITED WARRANTY
Moog warrants its products to be free of defects in materials or workmanship and conforming to
specifications at the time of shipment. The Warranty Period is one year from the date of purchase.
During the Warranty Period, any defective products will be repaired or replaced, at Moog’s option,
on a return-to-factory basis. This warranty covers defects that Moog determines are no fault of the
user. If a product is no longer in production, and it has been more than five years since the product
shipped from the Moog factory, it will be at Moog’s discretion whether or not to honor the warranty
without regard to customer’s date of purchase.
The Moog Limited Warranty applies to USA purchasers only. Outside the USA the warranty policy and
associated service is determined by the laws of the country of purchase and supported by our local
authorized distributor. In countries outside of the USA, contact a Moog authorized distributor listed on
our website (www.moogmusic.com) for service.
RETURNING YOUR PRODUCT TO MOOG MUSIC
You must obtain prior approval in the form of an RMA (Return Material Authorization) number from
Moog Music before returning any product. To request an RMA number call us at (828) 251-0090
or email [email protected] The Sub 37 must be returned in its original packing. The
warranty will not be honored if the product is not properly packed. Send the product to Moog Music
Inc. with transportation and insurance charges paid.
MOOG MUSIC
160 Broadway St.
Asheville NC, 28801
WHAT WE WILL DO
Once received, we will examine the product for any obvious signs of user abuse or damage as a result
of transport. If the product has been abused, damaged in transit, or is out of warranty, we will contact
you with an estimate of the repair cost.
HOW TO INITIATE YOUR WARRANTY
Please initiate your warranty online at www.moogmusic.com/register. If you do not have web access
please call (828) 251-0090 to register your instrument. Registering your instrument initiates your
warranty, ensures you receive the latest software updates, gets you the free editor/librarian, and gets
you a nifty sticker!
CARING FOR THE SUB 37
Clean the Sub 37 with a soft, slightly moist cloth only – do not use solvents or abrasive detergents.
Heed the safety warnings at the beginning of the manual. Don’t drop the unit. If you are shipping your
Sub 37 to the factory for servicing, we recommend using the original shipping carton, or an ATA
approved road case.
AN IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT SAFETY: Do not open the chassis. There are no user serviceable parts in
the Sub 37. Maintenance of the Sub 37 synthesizer should be referred to qualified service personnel only.
60
SPECIFICATIONS
TYPE: Programmable Paraphonic Analog Synthesizer
SOUND ENGINE: 100% Analog
NUMBER OF KEYS: 37
TYPE OF KEYS: Semi-Weighted with After Pressure
CONTROLLERS: Pitch Bend, Mod Wheel, After Pressure, Velocity
POLYPHONY: Selectable Monophonic or Duophonic
SOUND SOURCES: 2 Variable Waveshape Oscillators, 1 Square Wave Sub Oscillator, 1 Analog Noise
Generator, 1 External Input/Filter Feedback
OSCILLATOR CALIBRATION RANGE: 22Hz-6.8kHz. Guaranteed note range at 8’ of Note 18 to 116
MOD SOURCES: Triangle, Square, Saw, Ramp, Sample & Hold, Filter EG/PGM
MOD DESTINATIONS: Osc 1 Pitch, Osc 2, Osc 1 & 2 Pitch, Filter, LFO Rate, VCA Level, Osc 1 Wave, Osc 2
Wave, Osc 1 & 2 Wave, Noise Level, EG Time, and Programmable Destinations
FILTER: 20Hz-20kHz Moog Ladder Filter w/ 6/12/18/24 dB/Oct Filter Slopes and MultiDrive
AUDIO INPUT: 1xTS
AUDIO OUTPUT: 1xTS, 1xTRS Headphone
PRESETS: 256 Presets - 16 Banks, 16 Patches per Bank
MIDI I/O: DIN In, Out, and MIDI over USB
CV/GATE INPUTS: Filter CV, Pitch CV, Volume CV, KB Gate
TRANSPOSITION: +/- 2 Octaves
LFO: 0.01Hz - 1000Hz
WEIGHT: 22LBS / 10KG
DIMENSIONS: 6.75” H x 26.375” W x 14.75 D / 17cm H x 68cm W x 37.5cm D
NOMINAL OPERATING TEMPERATURE: 10 - 35 C (50 - 95 F)
OPERATIONAL TEMPERATURE RANGE: 10 - 50 C (50 - 122 F)
INPUT VOLTAGE: 100 VAC - 240 VAC / 50 - 60 HZ / 13W
Specifications Subject To Change Without Notice
61
©2015 MOOG MUSIC INC.
Moog is a registered trademark of Moog Music Inc.
Moog Music Inc.
160 Broadway St.
Asheville, NC 28801
Phone: 828.251.0090
Email: [email protected]
Website: www.moogmusic.com
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