Travelstar E5K100 SATA Specification v1.0
Hard Disk Drive Specification
Travelstar E5K100
2.5 inch Serial ATA hard disk drive
Enhanced Availability Model
Models:
HTE541010G9SA00
HTE541080G9SA00
HTE541060G9SA00
HTE541040G9SA00
Version 1.0
2 November 2005
Hard Disk Drive Specification
Travelstar E5K100
2.5 inch Serial ATA hard disk drive
Enhanced Availability Model
Models:
HTE541010G9SA00
HTE541080G9SA00
HTE541060G9SA00
HTE541040G9SA00
Version 1.0
2 November 2005
1st Edition (Revision 0.1) (18 July 2005) Revision
2nd Edition (Revision 0.2)(21 October 2005) Revision
3rd Edition (Revision 0.3) (1 November 2005) Revision
4th Edition (Revision 1.0) (2 November 2005) FINAL
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Table of Contents
1.0. General.................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1. Introduction....................................................................................................................... 1
1.2. References......................................................................................................................... 1
1.3. Abbreviations.................................................................................................................... 1
1.4. Caution.............................................................................................................................. 3
2.0. General features of the drive ................................................................................................ 5
3.0. Fixed-disk subsystem description......................................................................................... 9
3.1. Control electronics............................................................................................................ 9
3.2. Head disk assembly ......................................................................................................... 9
4.0. Drive characteristics ............................................................................................................ 11
4.1. Formatted capacity.......................................................................................................... 11
4.2. Data sheet........................................................................................................................ 12
4.3. Drive organization .......................................................................................................... 13
4.3.1 Drive format .......................................................................................................... 13
4.3.2 Cylinder allocation ................................................................................................ 13
4.4. Performance characteristics ............................................................................................ 15
4.4.1 Command overhead ............................................................................................... 15
4.4.2 Mechanical positioning ......................................................................................... 15
4.4.3 Drive ready time .................................................................................................... 17
4.4.4 Operating modes .................................................................................................... 17
5.0. Data integrity........................................................................................................................ 19
5.1. Data loss at power off ..................................................................................................... 19
5.2. Write Cache .................................................................................................................... 19
5.3. Equipment status............................................................................................................. 19
5.4. WRITE safety ................................................................................................................. 20
5.5. Data buffer test ............................................................................................................... 20
5.6. Error recovery................................................................................................................. 20
5.7. Automatic reallocation.................................................................................................... 20
5.7.1 Nonrecovered write errors ..................................................................................... 20
5.7.2 Nonrecoverable read error ..................................................................................... 20
5.7.3 Recovered read errors ............................................................................................ 20
5.8. ECC................................................................................................................................. 21
6.0. Specification ......................................................................................................................... 23
6.1. Environment ................................................................................................................... 23
6.1.1 Temperature and humidity .................................................................................... 23
6.1.2 Corrosion test ......................................................................................................... 24
6.2. Radiation noise ............................................................................................................... 24
6.3. Conductive noise ............................................................................................................ 25
6.4. Magnetic fields ............................................................................................................... 25
6.5. DC power requirements.................................................................................................. 25
6.5.1 Power consumption efficiency .............................................................................. 26
6.6. Reliability ....................................................................................................................... 27
6.6.1 Data integrity ......................................................................................................... 27
6.6.2 Cable noise interference ........................................................................................ 27
6.6.3 Service life and usage condition ............................................................................ 27
6.6.4 Preventive maintenance ......................................................................................... 27
6.6.5 Load/Unload .......................................................................................................... 27
6.7. Emergency unload .......................................................................................................... 28
6.7.1 Required power-off sequence ................................................................................ 28
6.8. Mechanical specifications............................................................................................... 29
6.8.1 Physical dimensions and weight ............................................................................ 29
6.8.2 Mounting hole locations ........................................................................................ 29
6.8.3 Connector and jumper description ......................................................................... 30
6.8.4 Drive mounting ...................................................................................................... 30
6.8.5 Load/unload mechanism ........................................................................................ 30
6.9. Vibration and shock........................................................................................................ 30
6.9.1 Operating vibration ................................................................................................ 30
6.9.2 Nonoperating vibration .......................................................................................... 31
6.9.3 Operating shock ..................................................................................................... 31
6.9.4 Nonoperating shock ............................................................................................... 32
6.10. Acoustics....................................................................................................................... 32
6.10.1 Discrete tone penalty ........................................................................................... 33
6.11. Identification labels ...................................................................................................... 33
6.12. Safety ............................................................................................................................ 33
6.12.1 UL and CSA approval ......................................................................................... 33
6.12.2 German safety mark ............................................................................................ 33
6.12.3 Flammability ........................................................................................................ 33
6.12.4 Safe handling ....................................................................................................... 34
6.12.5 Environment ........................................................................................................ 34
6.12.6 Secondary circuit protection ................................................................................ 34
6.13. Electromagnetic compatibility...................................................................................... 34
6.13.1 CE mark ............................................................................................................... 34
6.13.2 C-TICK mark ....................................................................................................... 34
6.13.3 BSMI mark .......................................................................................................... 35
6.14. Packaging...................................................................................................................... 35
7.0. Electrical interface specification......................................................................................... 37
7.1. Cabling............................................................................................................................ 37
7.2. Interface connector ......................................................................................................... 37
7.3. Signal definitions ............................................................................................................ 38
8.0. General.................................................................................................................................. 41
8.1. Introduction..................................................................................................................... 41
8.2. Deviations from standard................................................................................................ 41
9.0. Registers................................................................................................................................ 43
9.1. Register naming convention ........................................................................................... 43
9.2. Command Register ......................................................................................................... 44
9.3. Device Control Register ................................................................................................. 44
9.4. Device Register............................................................................................................... 44
9.5. Error Register.................................................................................................................. 45
9.6. Features Regsiter ............................................................................................................ 45
9.7. LBA High Register ......................................................................................................... 45
9.8. LBA Low Register.......................................................................................................... 46
9.9. LBA Mid Register .......................................................................................................... 46
9.10. Sector Count Register ................................................................................................... 46
9.11. Status Register .............................................................................................................. 46
10.0. General operation descriptions......................................................................................... 49
10.1. Reset response .............................................................................................................. 49
10.2. Register initialization.................................................................................................... 50
10.3. Diagnostic and Reset considerations ............................................................................ 50
10.4. Power-off considerations .............................................................................................. 51
10.4.1 Emergency unload ............................................................................................... 51
10.4.2 Required power-off sequence .............................................................................. 51
10.5. Sector Addressing Mode............................................................................................... 51
10.5.1 Logical CHS Addressing Mode ........................................................................... 52
10.5.2 LBA Addressing Mode ........................................................................................ 52
10.6. Power management features ......................................................................................... 52
10.6.1 Power mode ......................................................................................................... 53
10.6.2 Power management commands ........................................................................... 53
10.6.3 Standby/Sleep command completion time .......................................................... 53
10.6.4 Standby timer ....................................................................................................... 53
10.6.5 Status ................................................................................................................... 53
10.6.6 Interface capability for power modes .................................................................. 54
10.6.7 Initial Power Mode at Power On ......................................................................... 54
10.7. Advanced Power Management (ABLE-3) feature ....................................................... 54
10.7.1 Performance Idle Mode ....................................................................................... 55
10.7.2 Active Idle Mode ................................................................................................. 55
10.7.3 Low Power Idle Mode ......................................................................................... 55
10.7.4 Transition time ..................................................................................................... 55
10.8. S.M.A.R.T. Function .................................................................................................... 55
10.8.1 Attributes ............................................................................................................. 56
10.8.2 Attribute values ................................................................................................... 56
10.8.3 Attribute thresholds ............................................................................................. 56
10.8.4 Threshold exceeded condition ............................................................................. 56
10.8.5 S.M.A.R.T. commands ........................................................................................ 56
10.8.6 S.M.A.R.T. operation with power management modes ...................................... 56
10.9. Security Mode Feature Set............................................................................................ 56
10.9.1 Security mode ...................................................................................................... 57
10.9.2 Security level ....................................................................................................... 57
10.9.3 Password .............................................................................................................. 57
10.9.4 Master Password Revision Code ......................................................................... 57
10.9.5 Command table .................................................................................................... 61
10.10. Protected Area Function ............................................................................................. 62
10.10.1 Example for operation (In LBA Mode) ............................................................. 62
10.10.2 Set Max security extension commands ............................................................. 63
10.11. Seek Overlap............................................................................................................... 64
10.12. Write Cache function.................................................................................................. 65
10.13. Reassign Function....................................................................................................... 65
10.13.1 Auto Reassign Function ................................................................................... 66
10.14. 48-bit Address Feature Set.......................................................................................... 67
10.15. Software Setting Preservation Feature Set ................................................................. 67
10.15.1 Preserved software settings ............................................................................... 68
11.0. Command protocol ............................................................................................................ 69
11.1. Data In commands ........................................................................................................ 69
11.2. Data Out Commands..................................................................................................... 70
11.3. Non-data commands ..................................................................................................... 71
11.4. DMA data in commands............................................................................................... 71
12.0. Command descriptions...................................................................................................... 73
12.1. Check Power Mode (E5h/98h) ..................................................................................... 77
12.2. Device Configuration Overlay (B1h) ........................................................................... 78
12.2.1 DEVICE CONFIGURATION RESTORE (subcommand C0h) ........................ 78
12.2.2 DEVICE CONFIGURATION FREEZE LOCK (subcommand C1h) ................ 78
12.2.3 DEVICE CONFIGURATION IDENTIFY (subcommand C2h) ....................... 79
12.2.4 DEVICE CONFIGURATION SET (subcommand C3h) .................................... 79
12.3. Execute Device Diagnostic (90h) ................................................................................. 82
12.4. Flush Cache (E7h) ........................................................................................................ 83
12.5. Flush Cache EXT (EAh)............................................................................................... 84
12.6. Format Track (50h: vendor specific) ............................................................................ 85
12.7. Format Unit (F7h: vendor specific) .............................................................................. 86
12.8. Identify Device (ECh)................................................................................................... 87
12.9. Idle (E3h/97h).............................................................................................................. 97
12.10. Idle Immediate (E1h/95h)........................................................................................... 98
12.11. Initialize Device Parameters (91h) ............................................................................. 99
12.12. Read Buffer (E4h)..................................................................................................... 100
12.13. Read DMA (C8h/C9h).............................................................................................. 101
12.14. Read DMA EXT (25h) ............................................................................................. 103
12.15. Read Log Ext (2Fh) .................................................................................................. 105
12.15.1 General purpose log Directory ........................................................................ 106
12.15.2 Extended comprehensive SMART error log ................................................... 107
12.15.3 Error Log version ............................................................................................ 107
12.15.4 Extended Self-test log sector ........................................................................... 109
12.16. Read Long (22h/23h)................................................................................................ 111
12.17. Read Multiple (C4h) ................................................................................................. 113
12.18. Read Multiple EXT (29h)......................................................................................... 115
12.19. Read Native Max ADDRESS (F8h) ......................................................................... 116
12.20. Read Native Max ADDRESS EXT (27h) ................................................................ 117
12.21. Read Sectors (20h/21h)............................................................................................. 118
12.22. Read Sector(s) EXT (24h) ........................................................................................ 119
12.23. Read Verify Sectors (40h/41h) ................................................................................. 121
12.24. Ready Verify Sector(s) EXT (42h)........................................................................... 123
12.25. Recalibrate (1xh) ...................................................................................................... 125
12.26. Security Disable Password (F6h).............................................................................. 126
12.27. Security Erase Unit (F3h) ......................................................................................... 127
12.28. Security Freeze Lock (F5h) ...................................................................................... 129
12.29. Security Set Password (F1h)..................................................................................... 130
12.30. Security Unlock (F2h) .............................................................................................. 132
12.31. Seek (7xh)................................................................................................................ 133
12.32. Sense Condition (F0h: vendor specific) ................................................................... 134
12.33. Set Features (EFh) .................................................................................................... 135
12.34. Set Max ADDRESS (F9h)........................................................................................ 137
12.35. Set Max ADDRESS EXT (37h) ............................................................................... 139
12.36. Set Multiple (C6h) .................................................................................................... 141
12.37. Sleep (E6h/99h) ........................................................................................................ 142
12.38. S.M.A.R.T. Function Set (B0h)................................................................................ 143
12.38.1 S.M.A.R.T. Function Subcommands .............................................................. 144
12.38.2 Device Attribute Data Structure ...................................................................... 149
12.38.3 Device Attribute Thresholds data structure ..................................................... 154
12.38.4 S.M.A.R.T Log Directory ................................................................................ 155
12.38.5 S.M.A.R.T. error log sector ............................................................................. 156
12.38.6 Self-test log data structure .............................................................................. 158
12.38.7 Selective self-test log data structure ................................................................ 158
12.38.8 Error reporting ................................................................................................. 160
12.39. Standby (E2h/96h) .................................................................................................... 161
12.40. Standby Immediate (E0h/94h).................................................................................. 162
12.41. Write Buffer (E8h).................................................................................................... 163
12.42. Write DMA (CAh/CBh) ........................................................................................... 164
12.43. Write DMA EXT (35h) ............................................................................................ 166
12.44. Write Log Ext (3Fh) ................................................................................................. 168
12.45. Write Long (32h/33h) ............................................................................................... 169
12.46. Write Multiple (C5h) ................................................................................................ 171
12.47. Write Multiple EXT (39h) ........................................................................................ 172
12.48. Write Sectors (30h/31h)............................................................................................ 174
12.49. Write Sectors(s) EXT (34h)...................................................................................... 176
12.50. Write Verify (3Ch: vendor specific)......................................................................... 177
13.0. Timings ............................................................................................................................. 179
14.0. Appendix........................................................................................................................... 181
14.1. Commands Support Coverage .................................................................................... 181
14.2. SET FEATURES Commands Support Coverage....................................................... 183
14.3. Changes from the Travelstar 4K40............................................................................. 185
Hitachi Global Storage Technologies
List of Tables
Table 1: Mechanical positioning performance .............................................................................12
Table 2: Cyliner allocation ...........................................................................................................13
Table 3: Performance characteristics............................................................................................15
Table 4: Mechanical positioning performance .............................................................................15
Table 5: Full stroke seek time.......................................................................................................16
Table 6: Single track seek time.....................................................................................................16
Table 7: Latency Time..................................................................................................................17
Table 8: Drive ready time .............................................................................................................17
Table 9: Description of operating modes......................................................................................17
Table 10: Mode transition time.....................................................................................................18
Table 11: Temperature and humidity ...........................................................................................23
Table 12: Limits of temperature and humidity .............................................................................24
Table 13: Magnetic flux density limits.........................................................................................24
Table 14: DC Power requirements ...............................................................................................25
Table 15: Power consumption efficiency .....................................................................................26
Table 16: Physical dimensions and weight...................................................................................29
Table 17: Random vibration PSD profile break points (operating)..............................................30
Table 18: Random Vibration PSD Profile Breaking points (nonoperating).................................31
Table 19: Operating shock............................................................................................................31
Table 20: Non operating shock.....................................................................................................32
Table 21: Sound power levels.......................................................................................................32
Table 22: Parameter descriptions..................................................................................................39
Table 23: Device Control Register ...............................................................................................44
Table 24: Device Register ............................................................................................................44
Table 25: Error Register ...............................................................................................................45
Table 26: Status Register ..............................................................................................................46
Table 27: Reset response table .....................................................................................................49
Table 28: Default Register Values................................................................................................50
Table 29: Diagnostic codes...........................................................................................................50
Table 30: Power conditions ..........................................................................................................54
Table 31: Initial setting.................................................................................................................58
Table 32: Usual operation for POR ..............................................................................................59
Table 33: Password lost ................................................................................................................60
Table 34: Command table for device lock operation...................................................................61
Table 35: Set Max SET PASSWORD data content .....................................................................63
Table 36: Set Max security mode transition .................................................................................64
Table 37: Seek overlap .................................................................................................................65
Table 38: Command Set (1 of 2) ..................................................................................................73
Table 39: Command Set (2 of 2) ..................................................................................................74
Table 40: Command Set (subcommand) ......................................................................................75
Table 41: Check Power Mode Command (E5h/98h) ...................................................................77
Table 42: Device Configuration Overlay Command (B1h) .........................................................78
Table 43: Device Configuration Overlay Features register values...............................................78
Table 44: Device Configuration Overlay Data structure.............................................................80
Table 45: DCO error information definition. ...............................................................................80
Table 46: Execute Device Diagnostic command (90h) ................................................................82
Table 47: Flush Cache command (E7h) .......................................................................................83
Table 48: Flush Cache command (E7h) .......................................................................................84
Table 49: Format Track command (50h)......................................................................................85
Table 50: Format Unit command (F7h)........................................................................................86
Table 51: Identify Device command (ECh)..................................................................................87
Table 52: Identify device information. (Part 1 of 7)....................................................................88
Table 53: Identify device information. (Part 2 of 7)....................................................................89
Table 54: Identify device information. (Part 3 of 7)....................................................................90
Table 55: Identify device information. (Part 4 of 7)....................................................................91
Table 56: Identify device information. (Part 5 of 7 ......................................................................92
Table 57: Identify device information. (Part 6 of 7)....................................................................94
Table 58: Identify device information. (Part 7 of 7)....................................................................95
Table 59: Number of cylinders/heads/sectors by model..............................................................96
Table 60: Idle command (E3h/97h)..............................................................................................97
Table 61: Idle Immediate command (E1h/95h)............................................................................98
Table 62: Initialize Device Parameters command (91h) .............................................................99
Table 63: Read Buffer (E4h) ......................................................................................................100
Table 64: Read DMA command (C8h/C9h)...............................................................................101
Table 65: Read DMA EXT (25h) ..............................................................................................103
Table 66: Read Log Ext command (2Fh) ...................................................................................105
Table 67: Log address definition ................................................................................................106
Table 68: Extended comprehensive SMAERT error log............................................................107
Table 69: Command data structure.............................................................................................108
Table 70: Extended Self-test log data structure..........................................................................109
Table 71: Extended self-test log descriptor entry .......................................................................110
Table 72: Read Long (22h/23h)..................................................................................................111
Table 73: Read Multiple (C4h)...................................................................................................113
Table 74: Read Multiple EXT (29h)...........................................................................................115
Table 75: Read Native Max ADDRESS (F8h)...........................................................................116
Table 76: Read Native Max ADDRESS EXT (27h) ..................................................................117
Table 77: Read Sectors (20h/21h) ..............................................................................................118
Table 78: Read Sector(s) EXT Command (24h) ........................................................................119
Table 79: Read Verify Sectors (40h/41h)...................................................................................121
Table 80: Read Verify Sector(s) EXT Command (42h).............................................................123
Table 81: Recalibrate (1xh) ........................................................................................................125
Table 82: Security Disable Password (F6h) ...............................................................................126
Table 83: Password Information for Security Disable Password command .............................126
Table 84: Security Erase Unit (F3h)...........................................................................................127
Table 85: Erase Unit information ...............................................................................................127
Table 86: Security Freeze Lock (F5h) ........................................................................................129
Table 87: Security Set Password (F1h) ......................................................................................130
Table 88: Security Set Password information ...........................................................................130
Hitachi Global Storage Technologies
Table 89: Security Unlock (F2h) ................................................................................................132
Table 90: Seek (7xh)..................................................................................................................133
Table 91: Sense Condition (F0h: vendor specific) .....................................................................134
Table 92: Set Features (EFh) ......................................................................................................135
Table 93: Set Max ADDRESS (F9h)..........................................................................................137
Table 94: Set Max ADDRESS EXT Command (37h) ...............................................................139
Table 95: Set Multiple command (C6h) .....................................................................................141
Table 96: Sleep (E6h/99h) ..........................................................................................................142
Table 97: S.M.A.R.T. Function Set (B0h)..................................................................................143
Table 98: Selective self-test span example.................................................................................146
Table 99: Device Attribute Data Structure .................................................................................149
Table 100: Status Flag definitions ..............................................................................................151
Table 101: Device Attribute Thresholds Data Structure ............................................................154
Table 102: S.M.A.R.T. Log Director..........................................................................................155
Table 103: Individual Threshold Data Structure ........................................................................155
Table 104: Command data structure..........................................................................................157
Table 105: Command data structure...........................................................................................157
Table 106: Error data structure ...................................................................................................157
Table 107: Self-test log data structure ........................................................................................158
Table 108: Selective self-test log................................................................................................159
Table 109: S.M.A.R.T. Error Codes...........................................................................................160
Table 110: Standby (E2h/96h)....................................................................................................161
Table 111: Standby Immediate (E0h/94h)..................................................................................162
Table 112: Write Buffer (E8h) ...................................................................................................163
Table 113: Write DMA (CAh/CBh) ...........................................................................................164
Table 114: Write DMA (35h) .....................................................................................................166
Table 115: Write Log Ext command ..........................................................................................168
Table 116: Write Long (32h/33h)...............................................................................................169
Table 117: Write Multiple (C5h)................................................................................................171
Table 118: Write Multiple EXT (39h)........................................................................................172
Table 119: Write Sectors Command (30h/31h)..........................................................................174
Table 120: Write Sector(s) EXT Command (34h) .....................................................................176
Table 121: Command coverage (1 of 2) .....................................................................................181
Table 122: SET FEATURES command coverage......................................................................183
1.0 General
1.1 Introduction
This document describes the specifications of the Travelstar E5K100, a 2.5-inch hard disk drive with Serial ATA
interface and a rotational speed of 5400 RPM.
Drive name
Number
Capacity
Height(mm)
Rotation
Travelstar E5K100-100
HTE541010G9SA00
100
9.5
5400
Travelstar E5K100-80
HTE541080G9SA00
80
9.5
5400
Travelstar E5K100-60
HTE541060G9SA00
60
9.5
5400
Travelstar E5K100-40
HTE541040G9SA00
40
9.5
5400
These specifications are subject to change without notice.
1.2 References
•
Serial ATA II: Extensions to Serial ATA 1.0a (Revision 1.1 13 November - 2003)
1.3 Abbreviations
Abbreviation
A
AC
AT
ATA
BIOS
C
CSA
C-UL
Cyl
DC
DFT
DMA
ECC
EEC
EMC
ERP
ESD
FCC
FRU
Meaning
Ampere
alternating current
Advanced Technology
Advanced Technology Attachment
Basic Input/Output System
Celsius
Canadian Standards Association
Canadian-Underwriters Laboratory
cylinder
Direct Current
Drive Fitness Test
Direct Memory Access
error correction code
European Economic Community
electromagnetic compatibility
Error Recovery Procedure
Electrostatic Discharge
Federal Communications Commission
field replacement unit
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
1
G
gravity (a unit of force)
G2/Hz
Gb
Gbps
GND
h
HDD
Hz
I
ILS
I/O
ISO
KB
Kbpi
kgf-cm
KHz
LBA
Lw
m
max
MB
Mbps
MHz
MLC
mm
ms
us, ms
O
OD
PIO
POH
Pop
P/N
p-p
PSD
RES
RFI
RH
RMS
RPM
RST
R/W
sec
(32 ft/sec)2 per Hertz
1,000,000,000 bits
1,000,000,000 bits per second
ground
hexadecimal
hard disk drive
Hertz
Input
integrated lead suspension
Input/Output
International Standards Organization
1,000 bytes
1000 bits per inch
kilogram (force)-centimeter
kilohertz
logical block addressing
unit of A-weighted sound power
meter
maximum
1,000,000 bytes
1,000,000 bits per second
megahertz
Machine Level Control
millimeter
millisecond
microsecond
Output
Open Drain
Programmed Input/Output
power on hours
population
part number
peak-to-peak
power spectral density
radiated electromagnetic susceptibility
radio frequency interference
relative humidity
root mean square
revolutions per minute
reset
read/write
second
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
2
SELV
secondary low voltage
S.M.A.R.TSelf-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology
TPI
tracks per inch
Trk
track
TTL
transistor-transistor logic
UL
Underwriters Laboratory
V
volt
VDE
Verband Deutscher Electrotechniker
W
watt
3-state
transistor-transistor tristate logic
1.4 Caution
• Do not apply force to the top cover.
• Do not cover the breathing hole on the top cover.
• Do not touch the interface connector pins or the surface of the printed circuit board
• This drive can be damaged by electrostatic discharge (ESD). Any damages incurred to the drive after its
removal from the shipping package and the ESD protective bag are the responsibility of the user.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
3
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
4
2.0 General features of the drive
•
Formatted capacity of 100/80/60/40 GB
•
2.5-inch, 9.5-mm Height
•
Spindle speeds of 5400 RPM
•
SATA Interface conforming to Serial ATA/High Speed Serialized AT Attachment (Revision 1.0a 7-January-2003)
•
Sector format of 512 bytes/sector
•
Integrated controller
•
No-ID recording format
•
Coding: 100/106
•
Multi zone recording
•
Enhanced ECC
•
•
10 bit 40 symbol non Interleaved Read Solomon code
•
Non interleave On-The-Fly correction
•
Included 2 symbol system ECC
Segmented Buffer with write cache
•
8192 KB - Upper 417 KB is used for firmware
•
Fast data transfer rate up to 1.5Gbps
•
Media data transfer rate (max): 493 Mb/s
•
Average seek time: 12 ms for read
•
Closed-loop actuator servo (Embedded Sector Servo)
•
Rotary voice coil motor actuator
•
Load/unload mechanism
•
Mechanical latch
•
Enhanced Availability feature - 732 Power on Hours (POH) monthly
•
Power on to ready
•
•
•
3.5 sec
Operating shock
•
2940 m/sec2 (300 G) 2ms
•
1568 m/sec2 (160G) 1ms
Nonoperating shock
•
9800 m/sec2 (1000 G)/ 1ms
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
6
Part 1. Functional specification
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
8
3.0 Fixed-disk subsystem description
3.1 Control electronics
The control electronics works with the following functions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SATA Interface Protocol
Embedded Sector Servo
No-ID (TM) formatting
Multizone recording
Code: 100/106
System ECC
Enhanced Adaptive Battery Life Extender
3.2 Head disk assembly
The following technologies are used in the drive.
•
Pico Slider
•
Textured Laminated AFC disk
•
GMR head
•
Integrated lead suspension (ILS)
•
Load/unload mechanism
•
Mechanical latch
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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4.0 Drive characteristics
4.1 Formatted capacity
HTE541010G9SA00 HTE541080G9SA00 HTE541060G9SA00 HTE541040G9SA00
Physical Layout
Label capacity (GB)
100
80
60
40
Bytes per sector
512
512
512
512
Sectors per track
440-891
429-880
429-880
429-880
Number of heads
4
4
3
2
Number of disks
2
2
2
1
Number of heads
16
16
16
16
Number of Sectors
per track
63
63
63
63
16,383
16,383
16,383
16,383
Number of sectors
195,371,568
156,301,488
117,210,240
78,140,160
Total logical data
bytes
100,030,242,816
80,026,361,856
60,011,642,880
40,007,761,920
Logical
layout1
Number of
Cylinders2
Notes:
1.
Number of cylinders: For drives with capacities greater than 8.45 GB the Identify Device information word 01 limits the
number of cylinders to 16, 383 per the ATA specification.
2.
Logical layout: Logical layout is an imaginary drive parameter (that is, the number of heads) which is used to access the
drive from the system interface. The logical layout to Physical layout (that is, the actual Head and Sectors ) translation is done
automatically in the drive. The default setting can be obtained by issuing an IDENTIFY DEVICE command.
Travelstar E5K100 (Sreial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
11
4.2 Data sheet
Table 123: Mechanical positioning performance
100 GB
80/60/40 GB
Data transfer rates (Mbps)
493
493
Interface transfer rates (Gbps)
1.5
1.5
Rotational speed (RPM)
5400
5400
Recording density - max (Kbit/mm)(max)
28.2
28.2
764
717
4457
113.2
3803
96.6
134
107
86
70
24
24
(KBPI)(Max)
Track density [K track/mm]
(KTPI)
Areal density - (Kbit/sq-mm. -Max)
(Kbit/sq-inch - Max)
Number of zones
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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4.3 Drive organization
4.3.1 Drive format
Upon shipment from manufacturing the drive satisfies the sector continuity in the physical format by means of the
defect flagging strategy described in Section 5.0, “Defect flagging strategy” on page 21 in order to provide the
maximum performance to users.
4.3.2 Cylinder allocation
Table 124: Cyliner allocation
Zone
40GB/p format
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
0 - 4211
4212 - 8423
8424 - 10607
10608 - 13727
13728 - 17159
17160 - 19031
19032 - 22151
22152 - 24335
24336 - 26675
26676 - 29015
29016 - 32759
32760 - 34319
34320 - 38219
38220 - 40559
40560 - 44615
44616 - 47579
47580 - 50699
50700 - 54287
54288 - 57719
57720 - 61151
61152 - 65207
65208 - 66923
66924 - 68483
68484 - 71759
Zone
50GB/p format
0
1
2
3
0 - 3839
3840 - 6527
6528 - 9727
9728 - 12159
No. of Sectors/
Trk
880
858
858
825
814
814
792
770
759
748
726
726
693
682
660
638
616
594
572
550
528
495
484
462
No. of Sectors/
Trk
858
836
825
814
Travelstar E5K100 (Sreial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Zone
50GB/p format
0
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
0 - 3839
12160 - 15359
15360 - 17663
17,664 - 19327
19328 - 21503
21504 -23295
23296 - 25471
25472 - 26879
26880 - 28159
28160 - 30207
30208 - 31487
31488 - 34943
34944 - 37119
37120 - 39926
39936 - 43135
43136 - 45951
45952 - 47231
47232 - 51071
51072 - 53887
53888 - 56831
56832 - 58879
No. of Sectors/
Trk
858
792
792
759
748
748
726
726
704
693
682
660
638
616
594
572
561
528
495
462
440
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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4.4 Performance characteristics
Drive performance is characterized by the following parameters:
• Command overhead
• Mechanical head positioning
- Seek time
- Latency
• Data transfer speed
• Buffering operation (Look ahead/Write cache)
All the above parameters contribute to drive performance. There are other parameters that contribute to the performance of the actual system. This specification tries to define the bare drive characteristics, not system throughput,
which depends on the system and the application.
Table 125: Performance characteristics
Function
Average Random Seek Time - Read (ms)
12
Average Random Seek Time - Write (ms)
13
Rotational Speed (RPM)
5400
Power-on-to-ready (sec)
3.5
Command overhead (ms)
1.0
Disk-buffer data transfer (Mb/s)
493 max
Buffer-host data transfer (Gbps)
1.5
4.4.1 Command overhead
Command overhead is defined as the interval from the time that a drive receives a command to the time that the
actuator starts it’s motion.
4.4.2 Mechanical positioning
4.4.2.1 Average seek time (including settling)
Table 126: Mechanical positioning performance
Command type
Typical (ms)
Max (ms)
Random track @ read
12
14
Random track @ write
13
15
Travelstar E5K100 (Sreial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
15
The terms “Typical” and “Max” are used throughout this document and are defined as follows:
Typical
The average of the drive population tested at nominal environmental and voltage conditions.
Max
Maximum value measured on any one drive over the full range of the environmental and voltage
conditions. (See Section 6.2, “Environment” on page 27 and Section 6.3, “DC power requirements” on page 29 for ranges.)
The seek time is measured from the start of the actuator’s motion to the start of a reliable read or write operation. A
reliable read or write implies that error correction or recovery is not used to correct arrival problems. The average
seek time is measured as the weighted average of all possible seek combinations.
max
Σ (Max.+1 -n)(Tnin + Tnout)
n=1
Weighted Average = ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
(max + 1)(max)
where
max
n
Tnin
Tnout
= Maximum seek length
= Seek length (1 to max)
= Inward measured seek time for an n track seek
= Outward measured seek time for an n track seek
4.4.2.2 Full stroke seek time (without command overhead, including settling)
Table 127: Full stroke seek time
Function
Typical (ms)
Max (ms)
Read
23.0
30.0
Write
24.0
31.0
Full stroke seek is measured as the average of 1,000 full stroke seeks with a random head switch from both directions (inward and outward).
4.4.2.3 Single track seek time (without command overhead, including settling)
Table 128: Single track seek time
Function
Typical (ms)
Max (ms)
Read
2.5
4.0
Write
3.0
4.5
Single track seek is measured as the average of one (1) single track seek from every track in both directions
(inward and outward).
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
16
4.4.2.4 Average latency
Table 129: Latency Time
Rotational speed
(RPM)
Time for one
revolution (ms)
Average latency
(ms)
5400
11.1
5.5
4.4.3 Drive ready time
Table 130: Drive ready time
Condition
Typical (sec)
Power on to ready
3.5
Maximum (sec)
9.5
Ready
The condition in which the drive is able to perform a media access command (for example- read, write) immediately.
Power on
This includes the time required for the internal self diagnostics.
Note: Max Power On to ready time is the maximum time period that Device 0 waits for Device 1 to assert PDIAG
4.4.4 Operating modes
Table 131: Description of operating modes
Operating mode
Description
Spin-up
Start up time period from spindle stop or power down.
Seek
Seek operation mode
Write
Write operation mode
Read
Read operation mode
Performance Idle
The device is capable of responding immediately to media access requests. All electronic components remain powered and the servo remains operational.
Active Idle
Not applicable
Low power Idle
Not applicable
Standby
The device interface is capable of accepting commands. The spindle motor is stopped. All circuitry except the host interface is in powersaving mode. The execution of commands is delayed
until the spindle becomes ready.
Note: Upon power down or spindle stop a head locking mechanism will secure the heads in the OD parking position.
Travelstar E5K100 (Sreial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
17
4.4.4.1 Mode transition time
Table 132: Mode transition time
From
Standby
Transition time (sec)
To
Typical
Maximum
2.5
9.5
Idle
"Immediately" means within 1ms.
Note: The command is processed immediately but there will be an actual spin down time reflecting the seconds
passed until the spindle motor stops.
4.4.4.2 Operating mode at power on
The device goes into Idle mode after power on or hard reset as an ititial state. Initial state may be changed to
Standby mode using pin C on the interface connector.
4.4.4.3 Adaptive power save control
The transient timing from Performance Idle mode to Active Idle mode and Active Idle mode to Low Power Idle
mode is controlled adaptively according to the access pattern of the host system. The transient timing from Low
Power Idle mode to Standby mode is also controlled adaptively, if it is allowed by Set Features Enable Advanced
Power Management subcommand.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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5.0 Data integrity
5.1 Data loss at power off
•
Data loss will not be caused by a power off during any operation except the write operation.
•
A power off during a write operation causes the loss of any received or resident data that has not
been written onto the disk media.
•
A power off during a write operation might make a maximum of one sector of data unreadable.
This state can be recovered by a rewrite operation.
5.2 Write Cache
When the write cache is enabled, the write command may complete before the actual disk write operation
finishes. This means that a power off, even after the write command completion, could cause the loss of
data that the drive has received but not yet written onto the disk.
In order to prevent this data loss, confirm the completion of the actual write operation prior to the power
off by issuing a
•
Soft reset
•
Hard reset
•
Flush Cache command
•
Standby command
•
Standby Immediate command
•
Sleep command
Confirm the command's completion.
5.3 Equipment status
The equipment status is available to the host system whenever the drive is not ready to read, write, or seek.
This status normally exists at power-on time and will be maintained until the following conditions are satisfied:
•
the access recalibration/tuning is complete
•
the spindle speed meets requirements for reliable operations
•
the self-check of drive is complete
The appropriate error status is made available to the host system if any of the following conditions occur
after the drive has become ready:
•
The spindle speed lies outside the requirements for reliable operation
•
The occurrence of a Write Fault condition
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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5.4 WRITE safety
The drive ensures that the data is written into the disk media properly. The conditions listed below are
monitored during a write operation. When one of these conditions exceeds the criteria, the write operation
is terminated and the automatic retry sequence is invoked.
•
Head off track
•
External shock
•
Low supply voltage
•
Spindle speed out of tolerance
•
Head open/short
5.5 Data buffer test
The data buffer is tested at power on reset and when a drive self-test is requested by the host. The test consists of a write/read '00'x and 'ff'x pattern on all buffers.
5.6 Error recovery
Errors occurring on the drive are handled by the error recovery procedure.
Errors that are uncorrectable after application of the error recovery procedures are reported to the host system as non-recoverable errors.
5.7 Automatic reallocation
The sectors that show some errors may be reallocated automatically when specific conditions are met. The
drive does not report any auto reallocation to the host system. The conditions for auto reallocation are
described below.
5.7.1 Nonrecovered write errors
When a write operation cannot be completed after the Error Recovery Procedure (ERP) is fully carried out,
the sectors are reallocated to the spare location. An error is reported to the host system only when the write
cache is disabled and the auto reallocation has failed.
5.7.2 Nonrecoverable read error
When a read operation fails after ERP is fully carried out, a hard error is reported to the host system. This
location is registered internally as a candidate for the reallocation. When a registered location is specified
as a target of a write operation, a sequence of media verification is performed automatically. When the
result of this verification meets the required criteria, this sector is reallocated.
5.7.3 Recovered read errors
When a read operation for a sector fails and is recovered at the specific ERP step, the sector is reallocated
automatically. A media verification sequence may be run prior to the reallocation according to the predefined conditions.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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5.8 ECC
The 10 bit 40 symbol non interleaved ECC processor provides user data verification and correction capability. The first 6 symbol of ECC are 4 check symbols for user data and the 2 symbol system ECC. The
other 34 symbols are Read Solomon ECC. Hardware logic corrects up to 16 symbols (20 bytes) errors onthe-fly.
2 symbol System ECC is generated when HDC receives user data from HOST, and can correct up to 1
symbol (10 bit) error on-the-fly when one transfers to HOST.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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6.0 Specification
6.1 Environment
6.1.1 Temperature and humidity
Table 133: Temperature and humidity
Operating conditions
Temperature
Relative humidity
Maximum wet bulb temperature
Maximum temperature gradient
Altitude
5C to 40ºC 732 POH/monthly operation 50%
duty allowed
8 to 90%, non-condensing
29.4ºC, non-condensing
20ºC/hour
–300 to 3,048 m (10,000ft)
Non-operating conditions
Temperature
Relative humidity
Maximum wet bulb temperature
Maximum temperature gradient
Altitude
–40C to 65ºC
5 to 95%, non-condensing
40ºC, non-condensing
20ºC/hour
–300 to 12,000 m
Notes:
•
The system is responsible for providing sufficient ventilation to maintain a surface temperature below
50°C at the center of the top cover of the drive and below 53ºC at the center of the drive circuit board
assembly.
•
The maximum storage period in the shipping package is one year.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
23
•Maximum storage period within shipping package is one year.
Table 134: Limits of temperature and humidity
6.1.2 Corrosion test
The hard disk drive must be functional and show no signs of corrosion after being exposed to a temperature humidity stress of 50°C/90%RH (relative humidity) for one week followed by a temperature and humidity drop to 25'C/
40%RH in 2 hours.
6.2 Radiation noise
The disk will work without degradation of the soft error rate under the following magnetic flux density limits at the
enclosure surface.
Table 135: Magnetic flux density limits
Frequency (KHz)
0-60
61-100
Limits (uT RMS)
500
250
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Table 135: Magnetic flux density limits
Frequency (KHz)
101-200
201-400
Limits (uT RMS)
100
50
6.3 Conductive noise
The disk drive will work without soft error degradation in the frequency range from DC to 20 Mhz injected through
any two of the mounting screw holes of the drive when an AC current of up to 45 mA (p-p) is applied through a 50ohm resistor connected to any two mounting screw holes.
6.4 Magnetic fields
The disk drive will withstand radiation and conductive noise within the limits shown below. The test method is
defined in the Noise Susceptibility Test Method specification, P/N 95F3944.
6.5 DC power requirements
Connection to the product should be made in a safety extra low voltage (SELV) circuits. The voltage specifications
are applied at the power connector of the drive.
Item
Requirements
Nominal supply
+5 Volt dc
Supply voltage
-0.3 Volt to 6.0 Volt
Power supply ripple (0-20
MHz)1
100 mV p-p max.
Tolerance2
±5%
Supply rise time
1-100ms
Table 136: DC Power requirements
Watts (RMS Typical)
Performance Idle average3
Active Idle average
Low Power Idle average
Read average4
Write average
Seek average5
Standby
Sleep
Startup (maximum peak)6
Average from power on to
ready
2.0
N/A
N/A
2.0
2.0
2.5
0.4
0.2
5.0
3.8
Footnotes:
1
The maximum fixed disk ripple is measured at the 5 volt input of the drive.
2 The disk drive shall not incur damage for an over voltage condition of +25% (maximum duration of
20 ms) on the 5 volt nominal supply.
3
The idle current is specified at an inner track.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
25
4
The read/write current is specified based on three operations of 63 sector read/write per 100 ms.
The seek average current is specified based on three operations per 100 ms.
6 The worst case operating current includes motor surge.
5
6.5.1 Power consumption efficiency
Table 137: Power consumption efficiency
Capacity
100 GB
80 GB
60 Gb
40 GB
Power Consumption Efficiency
(Watts/GB)
0.020
0.025
0.033
0.05
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
26
6.6 Reliability
6.6.1 Data integrity
• Probability of not recovering data is 1 in 1013
• ECC implementation
On-the-fly correction performed as a part of read channel function recovers up to 16 symbols of error in 1 sector (1 symbol is
10 bits).
6.6.2 Cable noise interference
To avoid any degradation of performance throughput or error rate when the interface cable is routed on top or
comes in contact with the HDA assembly, the drive must be grounded electrically to the system frame by four
screws. The common mode noise or voltage level difference between the system frame and power cable ground or
AT interface cable ground should be in the allowable level specified in the power requirement section.
6.6.3 Service life and usage condition
The drive is designed to be used under the following conditions.
• The drive should be operated within specifications of shock, vibration, temperature, humidity, altitude and
magnetic field.
• The drive should be protected from ESD.
• The breathing hold in the top cover of the drive should not be covered.
• Force should not be applied to the cover of the drive.
• The specified power requirements of the drive should be satisfied.
• The drive frame should be grounded electrically to the system through four screws.
• The drive should be mounted with the recommended screw depth and torque.
• The interface physical and electrical requirements of the drive should satisfy ATA-6.
• The power-off sequence of the drive should comply the required power-off sequence.
Service life of the drive is approximately 5 years or 20,000 power on hours, whichever comes first, under the following assumptions.
• Less than 732 power on hours per month
• Seeking/Writing/Reading operation is less than %50 of power on hours.
This does not represent any warranty or warranty period. Applicable warranty and warranty period are covered by
the purchase agreement.
6.6.4 Preventive maintenance
None
6.6.5 Load/Unload
The product supports a minimum of 600,000 normal load/unloads.
Load/unload is a functional mechanism of the hard disk drive. It is controlled by the drive micro code. Specifically,
unloading of the heads is invoked by the following commands:
• Hard reset
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
27
• Standby
• Standby immediate
• Sleep
Load/unload is also invoked as one of the idle modes of the drive.
The specified start/stop life of the product assumes that load/unload is operated normally, not in emergency mode.
6.7 Emergency unload
When hard disk drive power is interrupted while the heads are still loaded the micro code cannot operate and the normal
5-volt power is unavailable to unload the heads. In this case, normal unload is not possible. The heads are unloaded by
routing the back EMF of the spinning motor to the voice coil. The actuator velocity is greater than the normal case and
the unload process is inherently less controllable without a normal seek current profile.
Emergency unload is intended to be invoked in rare situations. Because this operation is inherently uncontrolled, it is
more mechanically stressful than a normal unload.
The drive supports a minimum of 20,000 emergency unloads.
6.7.1 Required power-off sequence
The required BIOS sequence for removing power from the drive is as follows:
Step 1: Issue one of the following commands.
Standby
Standby immediate
Sleep
Note: Do not use the Flush Cache command for the power off sequence because this command does not invoke Unload
Step 2: Wait until the Command Complete status is returned. In a typical case 350 ms are required for the command to finish completion; however, the BIOS time out value needs to be 30 seconds considering error recovery time. Refer to
section13.0 “Timings” on page 179.
Step 3: Terminate power to HDD.
6.7.1.1 Power witch design considerations
In systems that use the Travelstar 60GH & 40GN consideration should be given to the design of the system power
switch.
Hitachi recommends that the switch operate under control of the BIOS, as opposed to being hardwired. The same
recommendation is made for cover-close switches.When a hardwired switch is turned off, emergency unload
occurs, as well as the problems cited section "Data loss by power off."
6.7.1.2 Test Considerations
Start/stop testing is classically performed to verify head/disk durability. The heads do not land on the disk, so this
type of test should be viewed as a test of the load/unload function.
Start/Stop testing should be done by commands through the interface, not by power cycling the drive. Simple
power cycling of the drive invokes the emergency unload mechanism and subjects the HDD to nontypical mechanical stress.
Power cycling testing may be required to test the boot-up function of the system. In this case Hitachi recommends
that the power-off portion of the cycle contain the sequence specified in section 6.4.6.2, "Required Power-Off
Sequence" on page 29. If this is not done, the emergency unload function is invoked and nontypical stress results.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
28
6.8 Mechanical specifications
6.8.1 Physical dimensions and weight
Table 138: Physical dimensions and weight
Model
Height (mm)
Width (mm)
Length (mm)
Weight (gram)
100, 80, 60 GB
9.5±0.2
69.85±0.25
100.2±0.25
102 max
40 GB
9.5±0.2
69.85±0.25
100.2±0.25
95 max
6.8.2 Mounting hole locations
The mounting hole locations and size of the drive are shown below. All dimensions are in mm.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
29
6.8.3 Connector and jumper description
A jumper is used to designate the drive address as either master or slave. The jumper setting method is described in
section "Drive address setting."
Connector specifications are included in section "Interface connector."
6.8.4 Drive mounting
The drive will operate in all axes (six directions) and will stay within the specified error rates when tilted ±5
degrees from these positions.
Performance and error rate will stay within specification limits if the drive is operated in the other permissible orientations from which it was formatted. Thus a drive formatted in a horizontal orientation will be able to run vertically and vice versa.
The recommended mounting screw torque is 0.3±0.05 Nm.
The recommended mounting screw depth is 3.0±0.3 mm for bottom and 3.5±0.5 mm for horizontal mounting.
The user is responsible for using the appropriate screws or equivalent mounting hardware to mount the drive
securely enough to prevent excessive motion or vibration of the drive at seek operation or spindle rotation.
6.8.5 Load/unload mechanism
The head load/unload mechanism is provided to protect the disk data during shipping, movement, or storage. Upon
power down, the heads are automatically unload from the disk area and the locking mechanism of the head actuator
will secure the heads in unload position.
6.9 Vibration and shock
All vibration and shock measurements recorded in this section are made with a drive that has no mounting attachments for the systems. The input power for the measurements is applied to the normal drive mounting points.
6.9.1 Operating vibration
The drive will operate without a hard error while being subjected to the following vibration levels.
6.9.1.1 Random vibration
The test is 30 minutes of random vibration using the power spectral density (PSD) levels shown below. .
The vibration test level is 6.57 m/sec2 RMS (Root Mean Square) (0.67 G RMS).
Table 139: Random vibration PSD profile break points (operating)
Hz
m x 10n (m2/sec4)/Hz
5
1.9 x E-3
17
1.1 x E-1
45
1.1 x E-1
48
7.7 x E-1
62
7.7 x E-1
65
9.6 x E-1
150
9.6 x E-1
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
30
Table 139: Random vibration PSD profile break points (operating)
Hz
m x 10n (m2/sec4)/Hz
200
4.8 x E-2
500
4.8 x E-2
6.9.1.2 Swept sine vibration
Swept sine vibration (zero to peak 5 to
500 to 5 Hz sine wave)
Sweep rate (oct/min)
9.8 m/sec2 (1 G) (5-500 Hz)
1.0
6.9.2 Nonoperating vibration
The disk drive withstands the following vibration levels without any loss or permanent damage.
6.9.2.1 Random vibration
The test consists of a random vibration applied in each of three mutually perpendicular axes for a duration of 15
minutes per axis. The PSD levels for the test simulating the shipping and relocation environment is shown below.
Table 140: Random Vibration PSD Profile Breaking points (nonoperating)
Hz
(m2/sec4)/Hz
2.5
0.096
5
2.88
40
1.73
500
1.73
Note: Overall RMS (root mean square) level of vibration is 29.50 m/sec2 (3.01G)
6.9.2.2 Swept sine vibration
•
49 m/sec2 (5 G) (zero-to-peak), 5 to 500 to 10 Hz sine wave
•
0.5 oct/min sweep rate
•
25.4 mm (peak-to-peak) displacement, 5 to 10 to 5 Hz
6.9.3 Operating shock
The drive meets the following criteria while operating in the conditions described below. The shock test consists of
10 shock inputs in each axis and direction for total of 60. There must be a delay between shock pulses long enough
to allow the drive to complete all necessary error recovery procedures.
Table 141: Operating shock
Duration of 1 ms
1568
m/sec2
(160 G)
Duration of 2 ms
2940
m/sec2
(300 G)
Duration of 11 ms
147 m/sec2 (15 G)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
31
6.9.4 Nonoperating shock
The drive withstands the following half-sine shock pulse without any data loss or permanent damage.
Table 142: Non operating shock
Duration of 1 ms
Duration of 11ms
9800 m/sec2 (1000 G)
1176 m/sec2 (120 G)
The shocks are applied for each direction of the drive for three mutually perpendicular axes, one axis at a time.
Input levels are measured on a base plate where the drive is attached with four screws.
6.10 Acoustics
The criteria of A-weighted sound power level are described below.
Measurements are to be taken in accordance with ISO 7779. The mean of the sample of 40 drives is to be
less than the typical value. Each drive is to be less than the maximum value. The drives are to meet this
requirement in both board down orientations.
Table 143: Sound power levels
A-weighted Sound Power
Typical (Bels)
Maximum
(Bels)
Idle
2.5
2.7
Operating
2.7
2.9
Idle
2.2
2.4
Operating
2.4
2.6
100 , 60, 80GB models
40GB models
The background power levels of the acoustic test chamber for each octave band are to be recorded.
Sound power tests are to be conducted with the drive supported by spacers so that the lower surface of the drive be
located 25±3 mm above from the chamber floor. No sound absorbing material shall be used.
The acoustical characteristics of the disk drive are measured under the following conditions:
Mode definitions
• Idle mode: The drive is powered on, disks spinning, track following, unit is ready to receive and respond to
control line commands.
• Operating mode: Continuous random cylinder selection and seek operation of the actuator with a dwell
time at each cylinder. The seek rate for the drive is calculated with the following formula:
•
Ns = 0.4/(Tt + T1)
•
Ns = average seek rate in seeks/s
•
Tt = published seek time from one random track to another without including rotational latency
•
T1= equivalent time in seconds for the drive to rotate by half a revolution
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
32
6.10.1 Discrete tone penalty
Discrete tone penalties are added to the A-weighted sound power (Lw) with the following formula only when
determining compliance.
Lwt(spec) = Lw = 0.1Pt + 0.3 < 4.0 (Bels)
where
Lw = A-weighted sound power level
Pt = Value of desecrate tone penalty = dLt - 6.0(dBA)
dLt = Tone-to-noise ratio taken in accordance with ISO 7779 at each octave band.
6.11 Identification labels
The following labels are affixed to every drive:
• A label containing the Hitachi logo, the Hitachi Global Storage Technologies part number and the statement
" Made by Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Inc." or Hitachi Global Storage Technologies approved
equivalent.
• A label containing the drive model number, the manufacturing date code, the formatted capacity, the place of
manufacture, UL/CSA/TUV/CE/C-Tick mark logos
• A bar code label containing the drive serial number
• A label containing jumper pin description
• A user designed label per agreement
The above labels may be integrated with other labels
6.12 Safety
6.12.1 UL and CSA approval
The product is qualified per UL (Underwriters Laboratory) 1950 Third Edition and CAN/CSA C22.2 No.950-M95
Third Edition, for use in Information Technology Equipment, including Electric Business Equipment. The UL Recognition or the CSA certification is maintained for the product life. The UL and C-UL recognition mark or the CSA
monogram for CSA certification appears on the drive.
6.12.2 German safety mark
All models are approved by TUV on Test Requirement: EN60950:1992+A1-4, but the GS mark is not applicable to
internal devices such as this product.
6.12.3 Flammability
The printed circuit boards used in this drive are made of material with a UL recognized flammability rating of V-1
or better. The flammability rating is marked or etched on the board. All other parts not considered electrical components are made of material with a UL recognized flammability rating of V-1 or better. However, small mechanical
parts such as cable ties, washers, screws, and PC board mounts may be made of material with a UL recognized
flammability rating of V-2.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
33
6.12.4 Safe handling
The product is conditioned for safe handling in regards to sharp edges and corners.
6.12.5 Environment
The product does not contain any known or suspected carcinogens.
Environmental controls meet or exceed all applicable government regulations in the country of origin. Safe chemical usage and manufacturing control are used to protect the environment. An environmental impact assessment has
been done on the manufacturing process used to build the drive, the drive itself and the disposal of the drive at the
end of its life.
Production also meets the requirements of the international treaty on chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) control known as
the United Nations Environment Program Montreal Protocol, and as ratified by the member nations. Material to be
controlled include CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, CFC-114, CFC-115, Halon 1211, Halon 1301 and Halon 2402.
Although not specified by the Protocol, CFC-112 is also controlled. In addition to the Protocol Hitachi Global Storage Technologies requires the following:
•that no packaging used for the shipment of the product use controlled CFCs in the manufacturing process.
•that no manufacturing processes for parts or assemblies include printed circuit boards use controlled CFC
materials.
6.12.6 Secondary circuit protection
Spindle/VCM driver module includes 12 V over current protection circuit
6.13 Electromagnetic compatibility
The drive, when installed in a suitable enclosure and exercised with a random accessing routine at maximum data
rate meets the worldwide EMC requirements listed below:
• United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules and Regulations (Class B), Part 15.
(A 6 dB buffer shall be maintained on the emission requirements).
•European Economic Community (EEC) directive number 76/889 related to the control of radio frequency
interference and the Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker (VDE) requirements of Germany (GOP). IBM
National Bulletin NB 2-0001-400, NB 2-0001-401, and NB 2-0001-403.
6.13.1 CE mark
The product is declared to be in conformity with requirements of the following EC directives under the sole
responsibility of Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Japan Ltd:
Council Directive 89/336/EEC on the approximation of laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic
compatibility.
6.13.2 C-TICK mark
The product complies with the following Australian EMC standard:
Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of information technology, AS/NZS 3548
:1995 Class B.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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6.13.3 BSMI mark
The product complies with the Taiwan EMC standard"Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance
characteristics of information technology equipment, CNS 13438 Class B."
6.14 Packaging
Drives are packed in ESD protective bags and shipped in appropriate containers.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
36
7.0 Electrical interface specification
7.1 Cabling
The maximum cable length from the host system to the hard disk drive plus circuit pattern length in the host system
shall not exceed 1 meter.
7.2 Interface connector
The figure below shows the physical pin location.
•
All pins are in a single row, with a 1.27 mm (.050”) pitch.
•
The comments on the mating sequence in Table in the section 7.3 apply to the case of backplane blind-mate
connector only. In this case, the mating sequences are: (1) the ground pins P4 and P12; (2) the pre-charge power
pins and the other ground pins; and (3) the signal pins and the rest of the power pins.
•
There are three power pins for each voltage. One pin from each voltage is used for pre-charge in the backplane
blind-mate situation.
•
If a device uses 3.3 V, then all V33 pins must be terminated. Otherwise, it is optional to terminate any of the
V33 pins.
•
If a device uses 5.0 V, then all V5 pins must be terminated. Otherwise, it is optional to terminate any of the V5
pins.
•
If a device uses 12.0 V, then all V12 pins must be terminated. Otherwise, it is optional to terminate any of the
V12 pins.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
37
7.3 Signal definitions
The pin assignments of interface signals are listed as follows:
Signal
Power
No.
S1
S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
S7
Plug Connector pin definition
2nd mate
Differential signal A from Phy
GND
A+
AGnd
BB+
Gnd
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
P8
P9
P10
P11
V33
V33
V33
Gnd
Gnd
Gnd
V5
V5
V5
Gnd
Reserved
P12
P13
P14
P15
Gnd
V12
V12
V12
2nd mate
Differential signal B from Phy
2nd mate
Key and spacing separate signal and power
segments
3.3V power
3.3V power
3.3V power, pre-charge, 2nd Mate
1st mate
2nd mate
2nd mate
5V power,pre-charge,2nd Mate
5V power
5V power
2nd mate
1. This pin corresponding to P11
in
thebackplane receptacle
connector
is also reserved
2. The corresponding pin to be
mated
with P11 in the power
cable
receptacle connector
shall always
be grounded
1st mate
12V power,pre-chage,2nd mate
12V power
12V power
Signal
Gnd
RX+
RXGnd
TXTX+
Gnd
I/O
Input
Input
Output
Output
3.3V
3.3V
3.3V
Gnd
Gnd
Gnd
5V
5V
5V
Gnd
Reserve
Gnd
V12
V12
V12
7.3.0.1 TX+ / TX
These signal are the outbound high-speed differrential signals that are connected to the serial ATA cable.
7.3.0.2 RX+ / RX
These signals are the inbound high-speed differential signals that are connected to the serial ATA cable.
The following standard shall be referenced about signal specifications. Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachment
Revision 1.0a 7-January -2003
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
38
Out of band signaling
Table 144: Parameter descriptions
T1
T2
T3
T4
PARAMETER DESCRIPTION
ALINE primitives
Spacing
ALIGN primitives
Psacing
Nominal (ns)
106.7
320
106.7
106.7
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
39
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
40
8.0 General
8.1 Introduction
This specification describes the host interface of the Travelstar E5K100 hard disk drive.
The interface conforms to the Working Document of Information technology with certain limitations described in
8.0, "Deviations From Standard."
- Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachement Revision 1.0a dated on 7 January 2003
- Serial ATA II: Extensions to Serial ATA 1.0a Revision 1.1 dated on 9 October 2003
- AT Attachment with Packet Interface Extension (ATA/ATAPI-6) Revision 3b dated on 26 February 2002
HTE5410XXG9SA00 support the following functions as Vendor Specific Function
Device
Device indicates HTE5410XXG9SA00
Host
Host indicates the system that the device is attached to.
First Command
The command which is executed first right after power on reset or
COMRESET when the ititial power mode at powre on Standby mode.
INTRQ
Interrupt request (Device or Host)
8.2 Deviations from standard
The device conforms to the referenced specifications with the following deviations described below.
The interface conforms to the Working Document of Information Technology, AT Attachment with Packet Interface
Extension (ATA/ATAPI-6) Revision 3b dated 26 Feb. 2002, with deviation as follows.
Write Verify WRITE VERIFY command does not include read verification after write operation. The
function is exactly same as WRITE SECTORS command.
S.M.A.R.T. Return StatusS.M.A.R.T. RETURN STATUS subcommand does not check advisory
attributes. That is, the device will not report threshold exceeded condition unless prefailure attributes exceed
their corresponding thresholds. For example, Power-On Hours Attribute never results in negative reliability
status.
Check Power Mode Check Power Mode command returns FFh to Sector Count Register when the device
is in Idle mode. This command does not support 80h as the return value.
COMRESET COMRESET response is not the same as that of Power On Reset. Refer to section 5.1, "Reset
Response" for detail.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
41
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
42
9.0 Registers
In Serial ATA, the host adapter contains a set of registers that shadow the contents of the traditional device registers, referred to as the Shadow Register Block. Shadow Register Block registers are interface registers used for
delivering commands to the device or posting status from the device. About details, please refer to the Serial ATA
Spec.
In the following cases, the host adapter sets the BSY bit in its shadow Status Register and then transmits a frame to
the device containing the new regster contents.
- Command register is written in the Shadow Register Block
- Device Control register is written in the Shadow Register Block with a change of state of the SRST bit
- COMRESET is requested
9.1 Register naming convention
This specification uses the same naming conventions for the Command Block Registers as the ATA/ATAPI-6 standard. However, the register naming convention is different from that uses in the Serial ATA 1.0a specification. Figure 1 defines the corresponding of the register names used in this specification with those used in the Serial ATA
1.0a specification.
Serial ATA register
name
Register name in this
specification when
writing registers
Register name in this
specification when
reading registers
Features
Feature current
Features (exp)
Feature previous
Sector count
Sector count current
Sector count HOB=0
Sector count (exp)
Sector count previous
Sector count HOB=1
Sector number
LBA low current
LBA low HOB=0
Sector number (exp)
LBA low previous
LBA low HOB=1
Cylinder low
LBA mid current
LBA mid HOB=0
Cyliner low (exp)
LBA mid previous
LBA mid HOB=1
Cylinder high
LBA high current
LBA mid HOB=0
Cylinder high (exp)
LBA high previous
LBA mid HOB=1
Device/head
Device
Device
Command
Command
N/A
Control
Device Control
N/A
Status
N/A
Status
Error
N/A
Error
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
43
9.2 Command Register
This register contains the command code being sent to the device. Command execution begins immediately after
this register is written.
All other registers required for the command must be set up before writing the Command Register.
9.3 Device Control Register
Table 145: Device Control Register
Device Control Register
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
-
-
-
-
1
SRST
-IEN
0
Bit Definitions
SRST (RST)
Software Reset. The device is held reset when RST=1. Setting
RST=0 re-enables the device.
The host must set RST=1 and wait for at least 5 microseconds
before setting RST=0, to ensure that the device recognizes the
resest.
-IEN
Interrupt Enable. When IEN=0, and the device is selected, device
interurupts to the host will be enabled. When IEN=1, or the
device is not selected, device interrupts to the host will be
disabled.
9.4 Device Register
Table 146: Device Register
Device Control Register
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
1
L
1
DRV
HS3
HS2
HS1
HS0
This register contains the device and head numbers.
Bit Definitions
L
Binary encoded address mode select. When L=0, addressing is by
CHS mode. When L=1, addressing is by LBA mode.
DRV
When DRV=0, device 0 (master) is selected. When DRV=1, device 1
(slave) is selected.
HS3, HS2, HS1,
HS0
The HS3 through HSO contain bits 24-27 of the LBA. At command
completion, these bits are updated to reflect the current LBA
bits 24-27.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
44
9.5 Error Register
Table 147: Error Register
Error Register
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
CRC
UNC
0
IDNF
0
ABRT
TKONF
AMNF
This register contains status from the last command executed by the device, or a diagnostic code.
At the completion of any command except Execute Device Diagnostic, the contents of this register are valid always
even if ERR=0 in the Status Register.
Following a power on, a reset, or completion of an Execute Device Diagnostic command, this register contains a
diagnostic code.
At the completion of any command except Execute Device Diagnostic, the contents of this register are valid always
even if ERR=0 in the Status Register.
Following a power on, a reset, or completion of an Execute Device Diagnostic command, this register contains a
diagnostic code. See "Diagnostic Codes" on page 20 for the definition.
Bit Definitions
ICRCE (CRC)
Interface CRC Error. CRC=1 indicates a CRC error has occurred on
the data bus during a Ultra-DMA transfer.
UNC
Uncorrectable Data Error. UNC=1 indicates an uncorrectable data
error has been encountered.
IDNF (IDN)
ID Not Found. IDN=1 indicates the requested sector’s ID field
cound not be found .
ABRT (ABT)
Aborted Command. ABT=1 indicates the requested command has been
aborted due to a device status error or an invalid parameter in
an output register.
TKONF (TON)
Track 0 Not Found. T0N=1 indicates track 0 was not found during
a Recalibrate command.
AMNF (AMN)
Address Mark Not Found. When AMN=1, it indicates that the data
address mark has not been found after finding the correct ID
field for the requested sector.
9.6 Features Regsiter
This register is command specific. This is used with the Set Features command, S.M.A.R.T. Function Set command and Format Unit command.
9.7 LBA High Register
This register contains Bits 16-23. At the end of the command, this register is updated to reflect the current LBA
Bits 16-23.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
45
When 48-bit addressing commands are used, the "most recently written" content contains LBA Bits 16-23, and the
"previous content" contains Bits 40-47. The 48-bit Address feature set is described in 5.16.
9.8 LBA Low Register
This register contains Bits 0-7. At the end of the command, this register is updated to reflect the current LBA Bits
0-7.
When 48-bit commands are used, the "most recently written" content contains LBA Bits 0-7, and the "previous
content" contains Bits 24-31.
9.9 LBA Mid Register
This register contains Bits 8-15. At the end of the command, this register is updated to reflect the current LBA Bits
8-15.
When 48-bit addressing commands are used, the "most recently written" content contains LBA Bits 8-15, and the
"previous content" contains Bits 32-39
9.10 Sector Count Register
This register contains the number of sectors of data requested to be transferred on a read or write operation between
the host and the device. If the value in the register is set to 0, a count of 256 sectors (in 28-bit addressing) or 65,536
sectors (in 48-bit addressing) is specified.
If the register is zero at command completion, the command was successful. If not successfully completed, the register contains the number of sectors which need to be transferred in order to complete the request.
The contents of the register are defined otherwise on some commands. These definitions are given in the command
descriptions.
9.11 Status Register
Table 148: Status Register
Error Register
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
BSY
DRDY
DF
DSC
DRQ
CORR
IDX
ERR
This register contains the device status. The contents of this register are updated whenever an error occurs and at
the completion of each command.
If the host reads this register when an interrupt is pending, it is considered to be the interrupt acknowledge. Any
pending interrupt is cleared whenever this register is read.
If BSY=1, no other bits in the register are valid.
Bit Definitions
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
46
BSY
Busy. BSY=1 whenever the device is accessing the registers. The
host should not read or write any registers when BSY=1. If the
host reads any register when BSY=1, the contents of the Status
Register will be returned.
DRDY
Device Ready. RDY=1 indicates that the device is capable of
responding to a command. RDY will be set to 0 during power on
until the device is ready to accept a command.
DF
Device Fault. DF=1 indicates that the device has detected a
write fault condition. DF is set to 0 after the Status Register
is read by the host.
DSC
Device Seek Complete. DSC=1 indicates that a seek has completed
and the device head is settled over a track. DSC is set to 0 by
the device just before a seek begins. When an error occurs, this
bit is not changed until the Status Register is read by the
host, at which time the bit again indicates the current seek
complete status.
When the device enters into or is in Standby mode or Sleep mode,
this bit is set by device in spite of not spinning up.
CORR (COR)
Corrected Data. Always 0.
IDX
Index. IDX=1 once per revolution. Since IDX=1 only for a very
short time during each revoltion, the host may not see it set to
1 even if the host is reading the Status Register continuously.
Therefore the host should not attempt to use IDX for timing purposes.
ERR
ERR=1 indicates that an error occurred during execution of the
previous command. The Error Register should be read to determine
the error type. The device sets ERR=0 when the next command is
received from the host.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
47
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
48
10.0 General operation descriptions
10.1 Reset response
ATA has the following three types of resets:
The device executes a series of electrical circuitry diagnostics, spins up the
head disk assembly, tests speed and other mechanical parametric, and sets
default values.
COMRESET- signal is negated in Serial ATA Bus.
Power On Reset (POR)
COMRESET
Soft Reset (Software Reset)
The device resets the interface circutitry as well as Soft Reset.
The SRST bit in the Device Control Register is set and then is reset. The device
resets the interface circuitry according to the Set Features requirement.
The actions of each reset are shown in the table below.
Table 149: Reset response table
Aborting Host interface
Aborting Device operation
Initialization of hardware
Internal diagnostic
Spinning spindle
Initialization of registers (*2)
Reverting programmed parameters to default
Number of CHS (set by Initialize
Device Parameters)
Multiple mode
Write Cache
Read look-ahead
ECC bytes
Disable Standby timer
Power mode
O – execute
POR
Comreset
soft reset
-
O
O
-
(*1)
(*1)
O
X
X
O
X
X
O
X
X
O
O
O
O
(*6)
(*3)
0
x
x
(*5)
(*4)
(*4)
X – does not execute
Notes:
(*1)
(*2)
(*3)
(*4)
(*5)
(*6)
Execute after the data in write cache has been written.
The default value on POR is shown in Table 150: “Default Register Values” on page 50.
The Set Features command with Feature register = CCh enables the device to revert these parameters to the
power on defaults.
In the case of Sleep mode, the device goes to Standby mode. In other cases, the device does not change current
mode.
Idle when Power-Up in Standby feature set is disabled. Standby when Power-Up in Standby feature set is
enabled.
See section Software Setting Preservation feature.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
49
10.2 Register initialization
After a power on, COMRESET, or a software reset, the register values are initialized as shown in the table below.
Table 150: Default Register Values
Register
Error
Sector Count
Sector Number
Cylinder Low
Cylinder High
Device/Head
Status
Alternate Status
Default Value
Diagnostic Code
01h
01h
00h
00h
A0h
50h
50h
The meaning of the Error Register diagnostic codes resulting from power on, COMRESET or the Execute Device
Diagnostic command are shown in the following table.
Table 151: Diagnostic codes
Code
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
8xh
Description
No error detected
Formatter device error
Sector buffer error
ECC circuitry error
Controller microprocessor error
Device 1 failed
The meaning of the Error Register diagnostic codes resulting from power on, hard reset or the Execute Device
Diagnostic command is shown in Table 38.
10.3 Diagnostic and Reset considerations
The Set Max, the Set Max security mode and the Set Max unlock counter don't retain over a Power On Reset but
persist over a COMRESET or Soft Reset.
For each Reset and Execute Device Diagnostic, the Diagnostic is done as follows:
Execute Device Diagnostic
In all the above cases: Power on, COMRESET, Soft reset, and the EXECUTE DEVICE DIAGNOSTIC command
the Error register is shown in the following table.
Device 0 Passed
Yes
No
Error Register
01h
Oxh
Where X indicates the appropriate Diagnostic Code for the Power on, COMRESET, Soft reset, or Device Diagnostic
error.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
50
10.4 Power-off considerations
Load/Unload is a functional mechanism of the HDD. It is controlled by the drive microcode. Specifically, unloading
of the heads is invoked by the commands:
Command
Response
Standby
UL -> Comp.
Standby immediate
UL -> Comp.
Sleep
UL -> Comp.
UL = unload
Comp. = complete
Load/unload is also invoked as one of the idle modes of the drive.
The specified start/stop life of the product assumes that load/unload is operated normally, NOT in emergency mode.
10.4.1 Emergency unload
When HDD power is interrupted while the heads are still loaded, the microcode cannot operate and the normal 5V
power is unavailable to unload the heads. In this case, normal unload is not possible, so the heads are unloaded by
routing the back-EMF of the spinning motor to the voice coil. The actuator velocity is greater than the normal case,
and the unload process is inherently less controllable without a normal seek current profile.
Emergency unload is intended to be invoked in rare situations. Because this operation is inherently uncontrolled, it
is more mechanically stressful than a normal unload.
A single emergency unload operation is more stressful than 100 normal unloads. Use of emergency unload reduces
the start/stop life of the HDD at a rate at least 100X faster than that of normal unload, and may damage the HDD.
10.4.2 Required power-off sequence
Problems can occur on most HDDs when power is removed at an arbitrary time. For example:
• Data loss from the write buffer
• If the drive is writing a sector, a partially written sector with an incorrect ECC block results. The sector
contents are destroyed and reading that sector results in a hard error.
• Heads possibly land in the data zone instead of the landing zone, depending on the design of the HDD.
You may then turn off the HDD in the following order:
• Issue Standby Immediate or sleep command.
• Wait until COMMAND COMPLETE STATUS is returned. (It may take up to 350ms in typical case).
• Terminate power to HDD.
This power-down sequence should be followed for entry into any system power-down state, or system suspend
state, or system hibernation state. In a robustly designed system, emergency unload is limited to rare scenarios such
as battery removal during operation.
10.5 Sector Addressing Mode
All addressing of data sectors recorded on the device's media is by a logical sector address. The logical CHS address
for HTE5410XXG9SA00 is different from the actual physical CHS location of the data sector on the disk media.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
51
HTE5410XXG9SA00 support both Logical CHS Addressing Mode and LBA Addressing Mode as the sector
addressing mode.
The host system may select either the currently selected CHS translation addressing or LBA addressing on a
command-by-command basis by using the L bit in the DEVICE register. So a host system must set the L bit to 1 if
the host uses LBA Addressing mode.
10.5.1 Logical CHS Addressing Mode
The logical CHS addressing is made up of three fields: the cylinder number, the head number and the sector number.
Sectors are numbered from 1 to the maximum value allowed by the current CHS translation mode but can not exceed
255(0FFh). Heads are numbered from 0 to the maximum value allowed by the current CHS translation mode but can
not exceed 15(0Fh). Cylinders are numbered from 0 to the maximum value allowed by the current CHS translation
mode but cannot exceed 65535(0FFFFh).
When the host selects a CHS translation mode using the INITIALIZE DEVICE PARAMETERS command, the host
requests the number of sectors per logical track and the number of heads per logical cylinder. The device then
computes the number of logical cylinders available in requested mode.
The default CHS translation mode is described in the Identify Device Information. The current CHS translation
mode also is described in the Identify Device Information.
10.5.2 LBA Addressing Mode
Logical sectors on the device shall be linearly mapped with the first LBA addressed sector (sector 0) being the same
sector as the first logical CHS addressed sector ( cylinder 0, head 0, sector 1). Irrespective of the logical CHS
translation mode currently in effect, the LBA address of a given logical sector does not change. The following is
always true:
LBA = ( (cylinder * heads_per_cylinder + heads)
* sectors_per_track ) + sector - 1
where heads_per_cylinder and sectors_per_track are the current translation mode values.
On LBA addressing mode, the LBA value is set to the following register.
Device
<--- LBA bits 27-24
LBA High <--- LBA bits 23-16
LBA Mid <--- LBA bits 15- 8
LBA Low <--- LBA bits 7- 0
10.6 Power management features
The power management feature set permits a host to modify the behavior in a manner which reduces the power
required to operate. The power management feature set provides a set of commands and a timer that enables a device
to implement low power consumption modes.
The drive implements the following set of functions:
• A Standby timer
• Idle command
• Idle Immediate command
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• Sleep command
• Standby command
• Standby Immediate command
10.6.1 Power mode
Sleep Mode
Standby
Mode
Idle Mode
Active
Mode
The lowest power consumption when the device is powered on occurs in Sleep Mode. When
in Sleep Mode, the device requires a reset to be activated.
The device interface is capable of accepting commands, but since the media may not be
immediately accessible, there is a delay while waiting for the spindle to reach operating
speed.
Refer to Section 10.7 “Advanced Power Management (ABLE-3) feature” on page 54.
The device is in execution of a command or accessing the disk media with the read lookahead function or the write cache function.
10.6.2 Power management commands
The Check Power Mode command allows a host to determine if a device is currently in, going to, or leaving
standby mode.
The Idle and Idle Immediate commands move a device to idle mode immediately from the active or standby
modes. The idle command also sets the standby timer count and starts the standby timer.
The sleep command moves a device to sleep mode. The device's interface becomes inactive at the completion of
the sleep command. A reset is required to move a device out of sleep mode. When a device exits sleep mode it will
enter standby mode.
The Standby and Standby Immediate commands move a device to standby mode immediately from the active or
idle modes. The standby command also sets the standby timer count.
10.6.3 Standby/Sleep command completion time
1. Confirm the completion of writing cached data in the buffer to media.
2. Unload the heads on the ramp.
3. Set the DRDY bit and the DSC bit in Status Register.
4. Set the INTRQ (completion of the command).
5. Activate the spindle break to stop the spindle motor.
6. Wait until the spindle motor is stopped.
7. Perform the post process.
10.6.4 Standby timer
The standby timer provides a method for the device to automatically enter standby mode from either active or idle
mode following a host programmed period of inactivity. If the device is in the active or idle mode, the device waits
for the specified time period and if no command is received, the device automatically enters the standby mode.
10.6.5 Status
In the active, idle, and standby modes, the device shall have the RDY bit of the status register set. If the BSY bit is
not set, the device shall be ready to accept any command.
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In sleep mode, the device's interface is not active. A host shall not attempt to read the status of the device or issue
commands to the device.
10.6.6 Interface capability for power modes
Each power mode affects the physical interface as defined in the following table:
Table 152: Power conditions
Mode
Active
Idle
Standby
Sleep
BSY
RDY
Interface active
Media
x
o
o
x
x
1
1
x
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Active
Active
Inactive
Inactive
Ready (RDY) is not a power condition. A device may post ready at the interface even though the media may not be
accessible.
The interface is inactive in sleep mode, but the access to the interface registers and the validity of INTRQ is
guaranteed for two seconds after the Sleep command is completed. After this period, the contents of interface
registers may be lost. Since the contents of interface registers may be invalid, the host should NOT check the Status
register nor the Alternate Status register prior to issuing a soft reset to wake up a device.
10.6.7 Initial Power Mode at Power On
After power on or hard reset the device goes to IDLE mode or STANDBY mode depending on the option. Refer to
section 4.4.3 “Operating modes” on page 15 for the initial power mode selection.
10.7 Advanced Power Management (ABLE-3) feature
This feature provides power saving without performance degradation. The Adaptive Battery Life Extender 3
(ABLE-3) technology intelligently manages transition among power modes within the device by monitoring access
patterns of the host.
This technology has three idle modes: Performance Idle mode, Active Idle mode, and Low Power Idle mode.
This feature allows the host to select an advanced power management level. The advanced power management level
is a scale from the lowest power consumption setting of 01h to the maximum performance level of FEh. Device
performance may increase with increasing advanced power management levels. Device power consumption may
increase with increasing advanced power management levels. The advanced power management levels contain
discrete bands, described in the section of Set Feature command in detail.
This feature set uses the following functions:
• A SET FEATURES subcommand to enable Advanced Power Management
• A SET FEATURES subcommand to disable Advanced Power Management
The Advanced Power Management feature is independent of the Standby timer setting. If both Advanced Power
Management level and the Standby timer are set, the device will go to the Standby state when the timer times out or
the device's Advanced Power Management algorithm indicates that it is time to enter the Standby state.
The IDENTIFY DEVICE response word 83, bit 3 indicates that Advanced Power Management feature is supported
if set. Word 86, bit 3 indicates that Advanced Power Management is enabled if set. Word 91, bits 7-0 contains the
current Advanced Power Management level if Advanced Power Management is enabled.
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10.7.1 Performance Idle Mode
This mode is usually entered immediately after Active mode command processing is complete, instead of
conventional idle mode. In Performance Idle mode, all electronic components remain powered and full frequency
servo remains operational. This provides instantaneous response to the next command. The duration of this mode is
intelligently managed as described below.
10.7.2 Active Idle Mode
In this mode, power consumption is 45–55% less than that of Performance Idle mode. Additional electronics are
powered off and the head is parked near the mid-diameter of the disk without servoing. Recovery time to Active
mode is about 20 ms.
10.7.3 Low Power Idle Mode
Power consumption is 60–65% less than that of Performance Idle mode. The heads are unloaded on the ramp but
the spindle is still rotated at the full speed. Recovery time to Active mode is about 300 ms.
10.7.4 Transition time
The transition time is dynamically managed by the user's recent access pattern, instead of fixed times. The ABLE-3
algorithm monitors the interval between commands instead of the command frequency of ABLE-2. The algorithm
supposes that the next command will come with the same command interval distribution as the previous access
pattern. The algorithm calculates the expected average saving energy and response delay for next command in
several transition time case based on this assumption. And it selects the most effective transition time with the
condition that the calculated response delay is shorter than the value calculated from the specified level by Set
Feature Enable Advanced Power Management command.
The optimal time to enter Active Idle mode is variable depending on the recent behavior of the user. It is not possible
to achieve the same level of Power savings with a fixed entry time into Active Idle because every user's data and
access pattern is different. The optimum entry time changes over time.
The same algorithm works for entering into Low Power Idle mode and Standby mode, which consumes less power
but needs more recovery time switching from this mode to Active mode.
10.8 S.M.A.R.T. Function
The intent of Self-monitoring, analysis, and reporting technology (S.M.A.R.T.) is to protect user data and prevent
unscheduled system downtime that may be caused by predictable degradation and/or fault of the device. By
monitoring and storing critical performance and calibration parameters, S.M.A.R.T. devices employ sophisticated
data analysis algorithms to predict the likelihood of near-term degradation or fault condition. By alerting the host
system of a negative reliability status condition, the host system can warn the user of the impending risk of a data
loss and advise the user of appropriate action.
Since S.M.A.R.T. utilizes the internal device microprocessor and other device resources, there may be some small
overhead associated with its operation. However, special care has been taken in the design of the S.M.A.R.T.
algorithms to minimize the impact to host system performance. Actual impact of S.M.A.R.T. overhead is dependent
on the specific device design and the usage patterns of the host system. To further ensure minimal impact to the user,
S.M.A.R.T. capable devices are shipped from the device manufacturer's factory with the S.M.A.R.T. feature
disabled. S.M.A.R.T. capable devices can be enabled by the system OEMs at time of system integration or in the
field by after-market products.
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10.8.1 Attributes
Attributes are the specific performance or calibration parameters that are used in analyzing the status of the device.
Attributes are selected by the device manufacturer based on that attribute's ability to contribute to the prediction of
degrading or faulty conditions for that particular device. The specific set of attributes being used and the identity of
these attributes is vendor specific and proprietary.
10.8.2 Attribute values
Attribute values are used to represent the relative reliability of individual performance or calibration attributes.
Higher attribute values indicate that the analysis algorithms being used by the device are predicting a lower probability of a degrading or fault condition existing. Accordingly, lower attribute values indicate that the analysis algorithms being used by the device are predicting a higher probability of a degrading or fault condition existing. There
is no implied linear reliability relationship corresponding to the numerical relationship between different attribute
values for any particular attribute.
10.8.3 Attribute thresholds
Each attribute value has a corresponding attribute threshold limit which is used for direct comparison to the attribute
value to indicate the existence of a degrading or faulty condition. The numerical value of the attribute thresholds are
determined by the device manufacturer through design and reliability testing and analysis. Each attribute threshold
represents the lowest limit to which its corresponding attribute value can be equal while still retaining a positive
reliability status. Attribute thresholds are set at the device manufacturer's factory and cannot be changed in the field.
The valid range for attribute thresholds is from 1 through 253 decimal.
10.8.4 Threshold exceeded condition
If one or more attribute values are less than or equal to their corresponding attribute thresholds, then the device
reliability status is negative, indicating an impending degrading or faulty condition.
10.8.5 S.M.A.R.T. commands
The S.M.A.R.T. commands provide access to attribute values, attribute thresholds and other logging and reporting
information.
10.8.6 S.M.A.R.T. operation with power management modes
The device saves attribute values automatically on every head unload timing except the emergency unload, even if
the attribute auto save feature is not enabled. The head unload is done not only by Standby, Standby Immediate,
Sleep command, and Hard Reset, but also by the Standby timer. So it is not necessary for a host system to enable
the attribute auto save feature when it utilizes the power management. If the attribute auto save feature is enabled,
attribute values will be saved after 30 minutes have passed since the last saving, besides above condition.
10.9 Security Mode Feature Set
Security Mode Feature Set is a powerful security feature. With a device lock password, a user can prevent
unauthorized access to a device even if it is removed from the computer.
New commands are supported for this feature as listed below:
Security Set Password
Security Unlock
('F1'h)
('F2'h)
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Security Erase Prepare
Security Erase Unit
Security Freeze Lock
Security Disable Password
('F3'h)
('F4'h)
('F5'h)
('F6'h)
10.9.1 Security mode
The following security modes are provided:
Device Locked
Mode
Device Unlocked
Mode
Device Frozen Mode
The device disables media access commands after power on. Media access
commands are enabled by either a Security Unlock command or a Security Erase
Unit command.
The device enables all commands. If a password is not set this mode is entered after
power on, otherwise it is entered by a Security Unlock or a Security Erase Unit
command.
The device enables all commands except those which can update the device lock
function, set/change password. The device enters this mode via a Security Freeze
Lock command. It cannot quit this mode until power off.
10.9.2 Security level
The following security levels are provided:
High level security
Maximum level
security
When the device lock function is enabled and the User Password is forgotten, the
device can be unlocked via a Master Password.
When the device lock function is enabled and the User Password is forgotten,
then only the Master Password with a Security Erase Unit command can unlock
the device. Then the user data is erased.
10.9.3 Password
This function can have two types of passwords as described below.
Master Password
User Password
When the Master Password is set, the device does NOT enable the Device Lock
Function, and the device CANNOT be locked with the Master Password, but the
Master Password can be used for unlocking the locked device.
The User Password should be given or changed by a system user. When the User
Password is set, the device enables the Device Lock Function, and then the
device is locked on next power on reset. If Software Setting Preservation is
disabled, the device is locked on COMRESET as well.
The system manufacturer or dealer who intends to enable the device lock function for end users must set the master
password even if only single level password protection is required. Otherwise, the default master password which
is set by Hitachi Global Storage Technologies can unlock a device that is locked with a user password
10.9.4 Master Password Revision Code
This Master Password Revision Code is set by Security Set Password command with the master password. And this
revision code field is returned in the Identify Device command word 92. The valid revision codes are 0001h to
FFFEh. The default value of Master Password Revision Code is FFFEh. Values 0000h and FFFFh are reserved.
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10.9.4.1 Master Password setting
The system manufacturer or dealer can set an initial Master Password using the Security Set Password command,
without enabling the Device Lock Function.
10.9.4.2 User Password setting
When a User Password is set, the device will automatically enter lock mode the next time the device is powered on.
Table 153: Initial setting
< Setting password >
< No setting password >
POR
POR
Set Password with User Password
Normal operation
Normal operation
Power off
POR
Power off
POR
Device unlocked mode
Device locked mode
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10.9.4.3 Operation from POR after user password is set
When Device Lock Function is enabled, the device rejects media access command until a Security Unlock command
is successfully completed.
Table 154: Usual operation for POR
POR
Device Locked mode
Unlock CMD
N
Password
Match ?
Y
Erase Prepare
Media Access
Command (*1)
Erase Unit
Password
Match ?
N
Y
Reject
Enter Device
Unlock mode
Non-media Access
Command (*1)
Complete
Complete
Erase Unit
Lock function
Disable
Normal operation
:
All commands are available
Freeze Lock command
Enter Device Frozen mode
Normal Operation expect Set Password,
Disable Password, Erase Unit, Unlock commands.
(*1) — refers to the commands in Table 156: “Command table for device lock operation” on page 61.
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10.9.4.4 User Password lost
If the User Password is forgotten and High level security is set, the system user cannot access any data. However
the device can be unlocked using the Master Password.
If a system user forgets the User Password and Maximum security level is set, data access is impossible. However
the device can be unlocked using the Security Erase Unit command to unlock the device and erase all user data with
the Master Password.
Table 155: Password lost
User Password Lost
LEVEL ? High
Unlock EMD with Master Password
Maximum
Erase Prepare Command
Erase Unit Command
with Master Password
Normal operation
Normal operation but data lost
10.9.4.5 Attempt limit for the SECURITY UNLOCK command
The SECURITY UNLOCK command has an attempt limit, the purpose of which is to prevent someone from
attempting to unlock the drive with various passwords numerous times.
The device counts the password mismatch. If the password does not match, the device counts it without
distinguishing the Master password and the User password. If the count reaches 5, EXPIRE bit (bit 4) of Word 128
in Identify Device information is set, and then the SECURITY ERASE UNIT command and the SECURITY
UNLOCK command are aborted until a hard reset or a power off. The count and EXPIRE bit are cleared after a
power on reset or a hard reset.
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10.9.5 Command table
This table shows the device's response to commands when the Security Mode Feature Set (Device lock function) is
enabled.
Table 156: Command table for device lock operation
Device Mode
Command
Device Mode
Command
Locked
Unlocked
Frozen
Locked
Unlocked
Frozen
Check Power Mode
o
o
o
Device Configuration
RESTORE
Seek
o
o
o
x
o
o
Sense Condition
o
o
o
Device Configuration FREEZE
LOCK
o
o
o
Set Features
o
o
o
Device Configuration
IDENTIFY
o
o
o
Set Max ADDRESS
x
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
Set Max ADDRESS EXT
Idle
x
o
x
x
x
x
o
o
x
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
Idle Immediate
o
o
o
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable
automatic off-line
o
o
o
Initialize Device Parameters
o
o
o
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable
Attribute Autosave
o
o
o
Read Buffer
o
o
o
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
o
o
o
o
o
o
Device Configuration SET
Execute Device Diagnostic
Flush Cache
Flush Cache EXT
Format Track
Format Unit
Identify Device
Set Max FREEZE LOCK
Set Max LOCK
Set Max SET PASSWORD
Set Max UNLOCK
Set Multiple Mode
Sleep
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
Read DMA
x
o
o
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line
Immediate
Read DMA EXT
x
o
o
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute
Values
o
o
o
Read Long
x
o
o
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute
Thresholds
o
o
o
Read Multiple
x
x
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
x
x
x
x
o
x
o
o
x
x
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
x
o
x
o
x
x
o
o
o
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
Read Multiple EXT
Read Native Max ADDRESS
Read Native Max ADDRESS
EXT
Read Sector(s)
Read Sector(s) EXT
Read Verify Sector(s)
Read Verify Sector(s) EXT
Recalibrate
Security Disable Password
Security Erase Prepare
Security Erase Unit
Security Freeze Lock
Security Set Password
Security Unlock
S.M.A.R.T. Read log sector
S.M.A.R.T. Write log sector
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute
Values
Standby
Standby Immediate
Write Buffer
Write DMA
Write DMA EXT
Write Long
Write Multiple
Write Multiple EXT
Write Sector(s)
Write Sector(s) EXT
Write Verify
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10.10 Protected Area Function
Protected Area Function provides a protected area which cannot be accessed via conventional methods. This
protected area is used to contain critical system data such as BIOS or system management information. The contents
of the entire system main memory may also be dumped into the protected area to resume after a system power off.
The LBA/CYL changed by the following commands affects the Identify Device Information.
Two commands are defined for this function:
• Read Native Max ADDRESS ('F8'h)
• Set Max ADDRESS ('F9'h)
Four security extension commands are implemented as sub functions of the Set Max ADDRESS:
•
•
•
•
Set Max SET PASSWORD
Set Max LOCK
Set Max FREEZE LOCK
Set Max UNLOCK
10.10.1 Example for operation (In LBA Mode)
The following example uses hypothetical values.
Device characteristics:
Capacity (native)
Max LBA (native)
Required size for protected area
Required blocks for protected area
Customer usable device size
Customer usable sector count
LBA range for protected area
536,870,912 bytes (536MB)
1,048,575 (0FFFFFh)
8,388,608 bytes
16,384 (004000h)
528,482,304 bytes (528MB)
1,032,192 (0FC000h)
0FC000h to 0FFFFFh
1. Shipping drives from the drive manufacturer
When the drive is shipped from the manufacturer, the device has been tested to have a capacity of 536 MB,
flagging the media defects not visible by the system.
2. Preparing drives at system manufacturer
Special utility software is required to define the size of the protected area and to store the data in it. The
sequence is:
Issue Read Native Max ADDRESS command to get the real device max of LBA/CYL. Returned value shows
that native device Max LBA is 0FFFFFh regardless of the current setting.
Make the entire device accessible, including the protected area, by setting the device Max LBA as 0FFFFFh
via Set Max ADDRESS command. The option could be either nonvolatile or volatile.
Test the sectors for protected area (LBA > = 0FC000h) if required.
Write information data such as BIOS code within the protected area.
Change maximum LBA using Set Max ADDRESS command to 0FBFFFh with nonvolatile option.
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From this point the protected area cannot be accessed until the next Set Max ADDRESS command is issued.
Any BIOS, device driver, or application software accesses the drive as if it is a 528 MB device because the
device behaves like a 528 MB device.
3. Conventional usage without system software support:
Because the drive works as a 528 MB device, there is no special care required for normal use of this device.
4. Advanced usage using protected area.
The data in the protected area is accessed by the following steps.
1. Issue Read Native Max ADDRESS command to get the real device max LBA/CYL. Returned value shows
that native device Max LBA is 0FFFFFh regardless of the current setting.
2. Make entire device accessible, including the protected area, by setting device Max LBA as 0FFFFFh via Set
Max ADDRESS command with the volatile option. By using this option, unexpected power removal or reset
will prevent the protected area from remaining accessible.
3. Read information data from protected area.
4. Issue hard reset or POR to inhibit any access to the protected area.
10.10.2 Set Max security extension commands
The Set Max SET PASSWORD command allows the host to define the password to be used during the current
power on cycle. This password is not related to the password used for the Security Mode Feature set. When the
password is set, the device is in the Set Max Unlocked mode.
This command requests a transfer of a single sector of data from the host. The following figure defines the content
of this sector of information. The password is retained by the device until the next power cycle. When the device
accepts this command, the device is in Set Max Unlocked mode.
Table 157: Set Max SET PASSWORD data content
Word
Content
0
1-16
17-255
Reserved
Password (32 bytes)
Reserved
The Set Max LOCK command allows the host to disable the Set Max commands (except Set Max UNLOCK and
Set Max FREEZE LOCK) until the next power cycle or the issuance and acceptance of the Set Max UNLOCK
command. When this command is accepted, the device is in the Set Max Locked mode.
The Set Max UNLOCK command changes the device from the Set Max Locked mode to the Set Max Unlocked
mode.
This command requests a transfer of a single sector of data from the host. The figure shown above defines the
content of this sector of information. The password supplied in the sector of data transferred is compared with the
stored Set Max password. If the password compare fails, then the device returns command aborted and decrements
the unlock counter. On the acceptance of the Set Max LOCK command, this counter is set to a value of five and is
decremented for each password mismatch when Set Max UNLOCK is issued and the device is locked. When this
counter reaches zero, then the Set Max UNLOCK command returns command aborted until a power cycle.
The Set Max FREEZE LOCK command allows the host to disable the SET MAX commands (including Set Max
UNLOCK) until the next power cycle. When this command is accepted the device is in the Set Max Frozen mode.
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The password, the Set Max security mode, and the unlock counter do not persist over a power cycle but persist over
a COMRESET or software reset.
NOTE: If this command is immediately preceded by a Read Native MAX ADDRESS command, it shall be
interpreted as a Set Max ADDRESS command regardless of Feature register value.
Table 158: Set Max security mode transition
10.11 Seek Overlap
HTE5410XXG9SA00 provide accurate seek time measurement method. The seek command is usually used to
measure the device seek time by accumulating execution time for a number of seek commands. With typical
implementation of the seek command, this measurement must including the device and host command overhead. To
eliminate this overhead, HTE5410XXG9SA00 overlap the seek command as described below.
The first seek command completes before the actual seek operation is over. Then device can receive the next seek
command from the host but actual seek operation for the next seek command starts right after the actual seek
operation for the first seek command is completed. In other words, the execution of two seek commands overlaps
excluding the actual seek operation.
With this overlap, total elapsed time for a number of seek commands is the total accumulated time for the actual
seek operation plus one pre and post overhead. When the number of seeks is large, just this one overhead can be
ignored.
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Table 159: Seek overlap
(1) With overlap
Host process
Device process
Seek operation
Overhead
A
B
Total time = (n-1) * (Seek operation) + A + B
(2) Without overlap
Host process
Device process
Seek operation
Overhead
A
B+A
B+A
B
Total time = n * (Seek operation + A + B)
10.12 Write Cache function
Write cache is a performance enhancement whereby the device reports completion of the write command (Write
Sector(s) and Write Multiple) to the host as soon as the device has received all of the data in its buffer. The device
assumes responsibility to write the data subsequently onto the disk.
• Writing data after completed acknowledgment of a write command, soft reset, or COMRESET
does not affect its operation but power off terminates writing operation immediately and
unwritten data is lost.
• Flush cache, Soft reset, Standby, Standby Immediate, and Sleep are executed after the completion of writing to disk media on enabling write cache function. The host system can confirm
the completion of Write Cache operation by issuing Flush Cache command, Soft reset, Standby
command, Standby Immediate command, or Sleep command, and then confirming the completion of the issued command.
10.13 Reassign Function
The Reassign Function is used with read commands and write commands. The sectors of data for reassignment are
prepared as the spare data sector. The one entry can register 256 consecutive sectors maximum.
This reassignment information is registered internally, and the information is available right after completing the
reassign function. Also the information is used on the next power on reset or hard reset.
If the number of the spare sector reaches 0 sector, the reassign function will be disabled automatically.
The spare tracks for reassignment are located at regular intervals from Cylinder 0. As a result of reassignment, the
physical location of logically sequenced sectors is dispersed.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
65
10.13.1 Auto Reassign Function
The sectors that show some errors may be reallocated automatically when specific conditions are met. The spare
tracks for reallocation are located at regular intervals from Cylinder 0. The conditions for auto-reallocation are
described below.
Non-recovered write errors
When a write operation can not be completed after the Error Recovery Procedure (ERP) is fully carried out, the
sector(s) are reallocated to the spare location. An error is reported to the host system only when the write cache is
disabled and the auto reallocation fails.
If the number of available spare sectors reaches 16 sectors, the write cache function will be disabled automatically.
Non-recovered read errors
When a read operation fails after a defined ERP is fully carried out, a hard error is reported to the host system. This
location is registered internally as a candidate for the reallocation. When a registered location is specified as a target
of a write operation, a sequence of media verifications is performed automatically. When the result of this
verification meets the criteria, this sector is reallocated.
Recovered read errors
When a read operation for a sector fails once and then is recovered at the specific ERP step, this sector of data is
reallocated automatically. A media verification sequence may be run prior to the relocation according to the
predefined conditions.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
66
10.14 48-bit Address Feature Set
The 48-bit Address feature set allows devices with capacities up to 281,474,976,710,655 sectors. This allows device
capacity up to 144,115,188,075,855,360 bytes. In addition, the number of sectors that may be transferred by a single
command are increased by increasing the allowable sector count to 16 bits.
Commands unique to the 48-bit Address feature set are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Flush Cache Ext
Read DMA Ext
Read Multiple Ext
Read Native Max Address Ext
Read Sector(s) Ext
Read Verify Sector(s) Ext
Set Max Address Ext
Write DMA Ext
Write Multiple Ext
Write Sector(s) Ext
The 48-bit Address feature set operates in LBA addressing only. Devices also implement commands using 28-bit
addressing, and 28-bit and 48-bit commands may be intermixed.
In a device, the Features, the Sector Count, the LBA Low/Mid/High registers are a two-byte-deep FIFO. Each time
one of these registers is written, the new content written is placed into the "most recently written" location and the
previous content is moved to "previous content" location.
The host may read the "previous content" of the Features, the Sector Count, the LBA Low/Mid/High registers by
first setting the High Order Bit (HOB, bit 7) of the Device control register to one and then reading the desired
register. If HOB in the Device Control register is cleared to zero, the host reads the "most recently written" content
when the register is read. A write to any Command Block register shall cause the device to clear the HOB bit to zero
in the Device Control register. The "most recently written" content always gets written by a register write regardless
of the state of HOB in the Device Control register.
Support of the 48-bit Address feature set is indicated in the Identify Device response bit 10 word 83. In addition, the
maximum user LBA address accessible by 48-bit addressable commands is contained in Identify Device response
words 100 through 103.
When the 48-bit Address feature set is implemented, the native maximum address is the value returned by a Read
Native Max Address Ext command. If the native maximum address is equal to or less than 268,435,455, a Read
Native Max Address shall return the native maximum address. If the native maximum address is greater than
268,435,455, a Read Native Max Address shall return a value of 268,435,455.
10.15 Software Setting Preservation Feature Set
When a device is enumerated, software will configure the device using SET FEATURES and other commands.
These software settings are often preserved across software reset but not necessarily across hardware reset. In
Parallel ATA, only commanded hardware resets can occur, thus legacy software only reprograms settings that are
cleared for the particular type of reset it has issued. In Serial ATA, COMRESET is equivalent to hard reset and a
non-commanded COMRESET may occur if there is an asynchronous loss of signal. Since COMRESET is
equivalent to hardware reset, in the case of an asynchronous loss of signal some software settings may be lost
without legacy software knowledge. In order to avoid losing important software settings without legacy driver
knowledge, the software settings preservation ensures that the value of important software settings is maintained
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
67
across a COMRESET. Software settings preservation may be enabled or disabled using SET FEATURES with a
subcommand code of 06h. Software settings preservation is enabled by default.
10.15.1 Preserved software settings
If Software setting preservation is enabled, the following settings are preserved across COMRESET. Otherwise
settings are cleared across COMRESET.
Setting
Initialize device parametes
Contents
Track length
Number of head
Number of cylinder
Power Management Feature Set
Standby Timer
Security mode state
Capacity
Time to fall into standby mode
Security freeze lock
Security unlock
Set max ADDRESS EXT
Set feature
Capacity
Write Cachi Enable/Disable
Set transfer mode
Advanced Power Management
Enable/Disable
Read Look-Ahead
Set multiple mode
Reverting to Defaults
Block size
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
68
11.0 Command protocol
The commands are grouped into different classes according to the protocols followed for command execution. The
command classes with their associated protocols are defined below.
Please refer to Serial ATA Revision 1.0a (Section 9. device command layer protocol) and Serial ATA II: Extensions
to Serial ATA 1.0a (Section 4. Command layer) about each protocol.
For all commands, the host must first check if BSY=1, and should proceed no further unless and until BSY=0. For
all commands, the host must also wait for RDY=1 before proceeding.
A device must maintain either BSY=1 or DRQ=1 at all times until the command is completed. The INTRQ signal
is used by the device to signal most, but not all, times when the BSY bit is changed from 1 to 0 during command
execution.
A command shall only be interrupted with a COMRESET or software reset. The result of writing to the Command
register while BSY=1 or DRQ=1 is unpredictable and may result in data corruption. A command should only be
interrupted by a reset at times when the host thinks there may be a problem, such as a device that is no longer
responding.
Interrupts are cleared when the host reads the Status Register, issues a reset, or writes to the Command Register.
11.1
Data In commands
The following are Data In commands:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Device Configuration Identity
Identify Device
Read Buffer
Read Log Ext
Read Long
Read Multiple
Read Multiple Ext
Read Sector(s)
Read Sector(s) Ext
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Values
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds
S.M.A.R.T. Read log sector
Execution includes the transfer of one or more 512 byte (> 512 bytes on Read Long) sectors of data from the device
to the host.
Note that the status data for a sector of data is available in the Status Register before the sector is transferred to the
host.
If the device detects an invalid parameter, then it will abort the command by setting BSY=0, ERR=1, ABT=1.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
69
If an error occurs, the device will set BSY=0, ERR=1, and DRQ=1. The device will then store the error status in the
Error Register. The registers will contain the location of the sector in error. The erroneous location will be reported
with CHS mode or LBA mode, the mode is decided by mode select bit (bit 6) of Device register on issuing the
command.
If an Uncorrectable Data Error (UNC=1) occurs, the defective data will be transferred from the media to the sector
buffer, and will be available to be transferred to the host, at the host's option. In case of Read Multiple command,
the host should complete transfer the block which includes the error from the sector buffer and terminate whatever
kind of type of error occurred.
All data transfers to the host through the Data Register are 16 bits, except for the ECC bytes, which are 8 bits.
11.2 Data Out Commands
The following are Data Out commands:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Device Configuration SET
Format Track
Security Disable Password
Security Erase Unit
Security Set Password
Security Unlock
Set Max Set Password
Set Max Unlock
S.M.A.R.T. Write log sector
Write Buffer
Write Log Ext
Write Long
Write Multiple
Write Multiple Ext
Write Sector(s)
Write Sector(s) Ext
Execution includes the transfer of one or more 512 byte (> 512 bytes on Write Long) sectors of data from the host
to the device.
Execution includes the transfer of one or more 512 byte (>512 bytes on Write Long) sectors of data from the host to
the device.
If the device detects an invalid parameter, then it will abort the command by setting BSY=0, ERR=1, ABT=1.
If an uncorrectable error occurs, the device will set BSY=0 and ERR=1, store the error status in the Error Register.
The registers will contain the location of the sector in error. The errored location will be reported with CHS mode
or LBA mode. The mode is decided by mode select bit (bit 6) of Device register on issuing the command.
All data transfers to the device through the Data Register are 16 bits, except for the ECC bytes, which are 8 bits.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
70
11.3
Non-data commands
The following are Non-data commands:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check Power Mode
Device Configuration FREEZE LOCK
Device Configuration RESTORE
Execute Device Diagnostic
Flush Cache
Flush Cache Ext
Idle
Idle Immediate
Initialize Device Parameters
NOP
Read Native Max ADDRESS
Read Native Max ADDRESS Ext
Read Verify Sector(s)
Read Verify Sector(s) Ext
Recalibrate
Security Erase Prepare
Security Freeze Lock
Seek
Set Features
Set Max ADDRESS
Set Max ADDRESS Ext
Set Max LOCK
Set Max FREEZE LOCK
Set Multiple Mode
Sleep
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Automatic Off Line
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Data Collection
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
Standby
Standby Immediate
Execution of these commands involves no data transfer:
11.4
DMA data in commands
These commands are:
•
•
•
•
Read DMA
Read DMA EXT
Write DMA
Write DMA EXT
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
71
Initiation of the DMA transfer commands is identical to the Read Sector or Write Sector commands except that the
host initializes the slave-DMA channel prior to issuing the command.
The DMA protocol allows high performance multi-tasking operating systems to eliminate processor overhead
associated with PIO transfers.
Refer HTE5410XXG9SA00 Final Functional Specification (P/N TBD) for further details.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
72
12.0 Command descriptions
The table below shows the commands that are supported by the device. Table 162: “Command Set (subcommand)” on page 75 shows the subcommands that are supported by each command or feature.
Table 160: Command Set (1 of 2)
Protocol
3
3
3
3
1
2
3
3
3
2
3+
1
3
3
3
3
3
1
4
4
4
1
1
1
3
3
1
1
3
3
3
3
3
2
3
2
3
2
2
3
3
Command
Check Power Mode
Check Power Mode*
Device Configuration RESTORE
Device Configuration FREEZE LOCK
Device Configuration IDENTIFY
Device Configuration SET
Execute Device Diagnostic
Flush Cache
Flush Cache EXT
Format Track
Format Unit
Identify Device
Idle
Idle*
Idle Immediate
Idle Immediate*
Initialize Device Parameters
Read Buffer
Read DMA
Read DMA
Read DMA EXT
Read Long
Read Long
Read Multiple
Read Native Max ADDRESS
Read Native Max ADDRESS EXT
Read Sector(s)
Read Sector(s)
Read Sector(s)EXT
Read Verify Sector(s)
Read Verify Sector(s)
Read Verify Sector(s)EXT
Recalibrate
Security Disable Password
Security Erase Prepare
Security Erase Unit
Security Freeze Lock
Security Set Password
Security Unlock
Seek
Sense Condition
Code
(Hex)
E5
98
B1
B1
B1
B1
90
E7
EA
50
F7
EC
E3
97
E1
95
91
E4
C8
C9
25
22
23
C4
F8
27
20
21
24
40
41
42
1x
F6
F3
F4
F5
F1
F2
7x
F0
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
73
Binary Code Bit
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 0 0 1 0 1
0 1 1 0 0 0
1 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 1
0 1 0 0 0 0
1 0 0 1 1 1
1 0 1 0 1 0
0 1 0 0 0 0
1 1 0 1 1 1
1 0 1 1 0 0
1 0 0 0 1 1
0 1 0 1 1 1
1 0 0 0 0 1
0 1 0 1 0 1
0 1 0 0 0 1
1 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 1
1 0 0 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 1 0
1 0 0 0 1 1
0 0 0 1 0 0
1 1 1 0 0 0
1 0 0 1 1 1
1 0 0 0 0 0
1 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 1
0 0 0 0 1 0
0 1 - - - 1 1 1 0 1 0
1 1 0 0 1 1
1 1 0 1 0 0
1 1 0 1 0 1
1 1 0 0 0 1
1 1 0 0 1 0
1 1 - - - 1 1 0 0 0 0
Table 161: Command Set (2 of 2)
ProtoCommand
col
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
1
1
1
3
3
2
3
3
3
3
2
4
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Code
(Hex)
Set Features
Set Max ADDRESS
Set Max ADDRESS EXT
Set Max FREEZE LOCK
Set Max LOCK
Set Max SET PASSWORD
Set Max UNLOCK
Set Multiple Mode
Sleep
Sleep*
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Auto save
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Automatic Off-line
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Values
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
Standby
Standby*
Standby Immediate
Standby Immediate*
Write Buffer
Write DMA
Write DMA
Write DMA EXT
Write Long
Write Long
Write Multiple
Write Multiple EXT
Write Sector(s)
Write Sector(s)
Write Sector(s)EXT
Write Verify
EF
F9
37
F9
F9
F9
F9
C6
E6
99
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
E2
96
E0
94
E8
CA
CB
35
32
33
C5
39
30
31
34
3C
Binary Code Bit
7
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
6
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
4
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
2
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
Commands marked * are alternate command codes for previously defined commands
Protocol:
1 : PIO data IN command 3 : Non data command + : Vendor specific command
2 : PIO data OUT command 4 : DMA command
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
74
Table 162: Command Set (subcommand)
Command
Code (Hex)
Feature
Register (Hex)
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
B0
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D8
D9
DA
DB
Set Features
Enable Write Cache
Set Transfer mode
Enable Advanced Power Management feature
Enable Power-Up in Standby feature
Power-Up in Standby feature device Spin-Up
Enable use of Serial ATA feature
Enable Automatic Acoustic management (AAM)
51 bytes of ECC apply on Read/Write Long
Disable read look-ahead feature
Disable reverting to power on defaults
Disable write cache
Disable Advanced Power Management feature
Disable Power-Up in Standby feature
Disable use of Serial ATA feature
Enable read look-ahead feature
4 bytes of ECC apply on Read/Write Long
Disable AAM
Enable reverting to power on defaults
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
EF
02
03
05
06
07
10
42
44
55
66
82
85
86
90
AA
BB
C2
CC
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
F9
F9
F9
F9
01
02
03
04
B1
B1
B1
B1
CO
C1
C2
C3
Command (Subcommand)
S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.
Max
Max
Max
Max
Max
Device
Device
Device
Device
Device
Function
Read Attribute Values
Read Attribute Thresholds
Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave
Save Attribute Values
Execute Off-line Immediate
Read Log Sector
Write Log Sector
Enable Operations
Disable Operations
Return Status
Enable/Disable Automatic Off-line
Security Extension
SET PASSWORD
LOCK
UNLOCK
FREEZE LOCK
Configuration
Configuration
Configuration
Configuration
Configuration
Overlay
RESTORE
FREEZE LOCK
IDENTIFY
SET
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
75
The "Command Set (Subcommand)" table above shows the sub-commands that are supported by each command or
feature.
The following symbols are used in the command descriptions:
Input registers
0
1
H
V
N
-
This indicates that the bit is always set to 0.
This indicates that the bit is always set to 1.
Head number. This indicates that the head number part of the Device/Head Register is an input parameter and
will be set by the device.
Valid. This indicates that the bit is part of an input parameter and will be set by the device to 0 or 1.
Not recommended condition for start up. Indicates that the condition of the device is not recommended for start
up.
This indicates that the bit is not part of an input parameter.
Out put registers
0
1
D
H
L
R
B
V
x
-
This indicates that the bit must be set to 0.
This indicates that the bit must be set to 1.
The device number bit. This indicates that the device number bit of the Device Register should be specified. Zero
selects the master device and one selects the slave device.
Head number. This indicates that the head number part of the Device/Head Register is an output parameter and
should be specified.
LBA mode. This indicates the addressing mode. Zero specifies CHS mode and one specifies LBA addressing
mode.
Retry. Original meaning is already obsolete, there is no difference between 0 and 1. (Using 0 is recommended for
future compatibility.)
Option Bit. This indicates that the Option Bit of the Sector Count Register be specified. (This bit is used by Set
Max ADDRESS command.)
Valid. This indicates that the bit is part of an output parameter and should be specified.
This indicates that the hex character is not used.
This indicates that the bit is not used.
The command descriptions show the contents of the Status and Error Registers after the device has completed processing the command and has interrupted the host.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
76
12.1 Check Power Mode (E5h/98h)
Table 163: Check Power Mode Command (E5h/98h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
1
1
6
1
5
1
1
4
0
3
0
2
1
Command Block Input Registers
1
0
0
1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
V V V V V V V
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
V
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
0
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Check Power Mode command will report whether the device is spun up and the media is available for immediate access.
Input parameters from the device
Sector Count
This indicates the power mode code. The command returns FFh in the Sector Count Register if the spindle motor is at speed and the device is not in Standby or Sleep mode. Otherwise, the Sector Count Register is set to 0.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
77
12.2 Device Configuration Overlay (B1h)
Table 164: Device Configuration Overlay Command (B1h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
1
1
6
0
0
5
1
1
4
0
1
3
V
0
2
V
0
Command Block Input Registers
1
V
0
0
V
1
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Low
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
V V V V V V V
- - - - - - V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - - - see below
0
V
V
V
-
Status Register
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
V
V
0
V
2
1
COR IDX
-
0
ERR
V
Individual Device Configuration Overlay feature set commands are identified by the value placed in the Features
register. The table below shows these Features register values.
Table 165: Device Configuration Overlay Features register values
Value
C0h
C1h
C2h
C3h
other
Command
DEVICE CONFIGURATION
DEVICE CONFIGURATION
DEVICE CONFIGURATION
DEVICE CONFIGURATION
Reserved
RESTORE
FREEZE LOCK
IDENTIFY
SET
12.2.1 DEVICE CONFIGURATION RESTORE (subcommand C0h)
The DEVICE CONFIGURATION RESTORE command disables any setting previously made by a DEVICE
CONFIGURATION SET command and returns the content of the IDENTIFY DEVICE or IDENTIFY PACKET
DEVICE command response to the original settings as indicated by the data returned from the execution of a
DEVICE CONFIGURATION IDENTIFY command.
12.2.2 DEVICE CONFIGURATION FREEZE LOCK (subcommand C1h)
The DEVICE CONFIGURATION FREEZE LOCK command prevents accidental modification of the Device Configuration Overlay settings. After successful execution of a DEVICE CONFIGURATION FREEZE LOCK command, all DEVICE CONFIGURATION SET, DEVICE CONFIGURATION FREEZE LOCK, DEVICE
CONFIGURATION IDENTIFY, and DEVICE CONFIGURATION RESTORE commands are aborted by the
device. The DEVICE CONFIGURATION FREEZE LOCK condition shall be cleared by a power-down. The
DEVICE CONFIGURATION FREEZE LOCK condition shall not be cleared by COMRESET or software reset.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
78
12.2.3 DEVICE CONFIGURATION IDENTIFY (subcommand C2h)
The DEVICE CONFIGURATION IDENTIFY command returns a 512 byte data structure via PIO data-in transfer.
The content of this data structure indicates the selectable commands, modes, and feature sets that the device is
capable of supporting. If a DEVICE CONFIGURATION SET command has been issued reducing the capabilities,
the response to an IDENTIFY DEVICE or IDENTIFY PACKET DEVICE command will reflect the reduced set of
capabilities, while the DEVICE CONFIGURATION IDENTIFY command will reflect the entire set of selectable
capabilities.
The format of the Device Configuration Overlay data structure is shown in Table 166: “Device Configuration
Overlay Data structure” on page 80.
12.2.4 DEVICE CONFIGURATION SET (subcommand C3h)
The DEVICE CONFIGURATION SET command allows a device manufacturer or a personal computer system
manufacturer to reduce the set of optional commands, modes, or feature sets supported by a device as indicated by
a DEVICE CONFIGURATION IDENTIFY command. The DEVICE CONFIGURATION SET command transfers
an overlay that modifies some of the bits set in words 63, 78, 79 82, 83, 84, and 88 of the IDENTIFY DEVICE
command response. When the bits in these words are cleared, the device no longer supports the indicated command, mode, or feature set. If a bit is set in the overlay transmitted by the device that is not set in the overlay
received from a DEVICE CONFIGURATION IDENTIFY command, no action is taken for that bit.
The format of the overlay transmitted by the device is described in the table in Table 166: “Device Configuration
Overlay Data structure” on page 80. The restrictions on changing these bits is described in the text following that
table. If any of the bit modification restrictions described are violated or any setting is changed with DEVICE
CONFIGURATION SET command, the device shall return command aborted. In that case, error reason code is
returned to sector count register, invalid word location is returned to LBA high register, and invalid bit location is
returned to LBA Mid register. The Definition of error information is shown in Table 167: “DCO error information
definition.” on page 80.
ERROR INFORMATION EXAMPLE 1:
After establishing a protected area with SET MAX address, if a user attempts to change maximum LBA address
(DC SET or DC RESTORE), the device aborts that command and returns error reason code as below.
LBA High
LBA Mid
Sector count
: 03h
: 00h
: 06h
= word 3 is invalid
this register is not assigned in this case
= Protected area is now established
ERROR INFORMATION EXAMPLE 2:
When the device is enabled and the Security feature is set, if the user attempts to disable that feature, the device
aborts that command and returns an error reason code as below.
LBA High
LBA Mid
Sector count
: 07h
: 03h
: 04h
= word 7 is invalid
= bit 3 is invalid
= now Security feature set is enabled
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
79
Table 166: Device Configuration Overlay Data structure
Word
Content
0
1
0001h Data Structure revision
Multiword DMA modes supported
15-3 Reserved
2 1 = Multiword DMA mode 2 and below are supported
1 1 = Multiword DMA mode 1 and below are supported
0 1 = Multiword DMA mode 0 is supported
Ultra DMA modes supported
15-6 Reserved
5 1 = Ultra DMA mode 5 and below are supported
4 1 = Ultra DMA mode 4 and below are supported
3 1 = Ultra DMA mode 3 and below are supported
2 1 = Ultra DMA mode 2 and below are supported
1 1 = Ultra DMA mode 1 and below are supported
0 1 = Ultra DMA mode 0 is supported
Maximum LBA address
Command set/feature set supported
15-9 Reserved
8 1 = 48-bit Addressing feature set supported
7 Reserved
6 1 = Automatic acoustic management supported
5 Reserved
4 1 = Power-Up in Standby feature set supported
3 1 = SMART feature set supported
2 1 = SMART error log supported
1 1 = SMART sefl-test supported
0 1 = SMART feature set supported
Automatic Acoustic Mode status
Automatic Acoustic Mode current value
SATA feature
4 1=Software setting Preservation
3 Reserved
2 1=Set interface power management
1-0 Reserved
Reserved
Integrity word
15-8
Checksum
7-0
Signature (A5h)
2
3-6
7
8
9
10
11-254
255
Note: Bits 7–0 of this word contain the value A5h. Bits 15–8 of this word contain the data structure checksum. The
data structure checksum is the two's complement of the sum of all byte in words 0through 254 and the byte consisting of bits 7–0 of word 255. Each byte is added with unsigned arithmetic, and overflow is ignored. The sum of all
bytes is zero when the checksum is correct.
Table 167: DCO error information definition.
LBA High
LBA Mid
Sector count
invalid word location
invalid bit location (bits 7:0)
error reason code & description (bits 15:8)
01h
DCO feature is frozen
02h
Device is now Security Locked mode
03h
Device's feature is already modified with DCO
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
80
04h
05h
06h
07h
08h
FFh
User attempt to disable any feature enabled
Device is now SET MAX Locked or Frozen mode
Protected area is now established
DCO is not supported
Subcommand code is invalid
other reason
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
81
12.3 Execute Device Diagnostic (90h)
Table 168: Execute Device Diagnostic command (90h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
V
5
0
V
4
IDN
V
3
0
V
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
V
V
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
0
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
0
The Execute Device Diagnostic command performs the internal diagnostic tests implemented by the device. The
results of the test are stored in the Error Register.
The normal Error Register bit definitions do not apply to this command. Instead, the register contains a diagnostic
code. See Table 46: “Diagnostic codes” on page 70 for the definition.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
82
12.4 Flush Cache (E7h)
Table 169: Flush Cache command (E7h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
1
1
6
1
5
1
1
4
D
0
3
0
2
1
Command Block Input Registers
1
1
0
1
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
This command causes the device to complete writing data from its cache.
The device returns a status of RDY = 1 and DSC = 1 (50h) after the following sequence:
• Data in the write cache buffer is written to the disk media.
• Return a successful completion
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
83
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
12.5 Flush Cache EXT (EAh)
Table 170: Flush Cache command (E7h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device/Head
Command
Feature
7
1
6
1
5
1
4
D
0
3
1
Command Block Input Registers
2
0
1
1
0
0
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device/Head
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
This command causes the device to complete writing data from its cache.
The device returns good status after data in the write cache is written to disk media.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
84
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
12.6 Format Track (50h: vendor specific)
Table 171: Format Track command (50h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
1 L 1 D H H H H
0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - H H H
see below
0
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
V
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Format Track command formats a single logical track on the device. Each good sector of data on the track will
be initialized to zero with the write operation. At this time, the read operation does not verify the correct initialization of the data sector. Any data previously stored on the track will be lost.
Output parameters to the device
LBA Low
In LBA mode this register specifies that LBA address bits 0–7 are to be formatted. (L=1).
LBA High/Mid
This indicates the cylinder number of the track to be formatted. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register specifies that LBA address bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23
(High) are to be formatted. (L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the track to be formatted (L = 0). In LBA mode this register specifies that LBA address bits 24–27 are to be formatted. (L= 1)
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low
In LBA mode this register specifies the current LBA address bits as 0–7 (L = 1).
LBA High/Mid
In LBA mode this register specifies the current LBA address bits as 8–15 (Mid) and bits
16–23 (High).
H
In LBA mode this register specifies the current LBA address bits as 24–27 (L=1).
In LBA mode this command formats a single logical track including the specified LBA.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
85
12.7 Format Unit (F7h: vendor specific)
Table 172: Format Unit command (F7h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
V
1
1
6
V
1
5
V
1
1
4 3
- V V
- - - - D 1 0
2
V
1
Command Block Input Registers
1
V
1
0
V
1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4
- - - see
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see
3 2 1 0
- - - below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - below
Status Register
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Format Unit command initializes all user data sectors after merging the reassigned sector location into the
defect information of the device and clearing the reassign information. Both new reassign information and new
defect information are available immediately after the completion of this command. They are also used on the next
power on reset or hard reset. This command erases both previous information data from the device.
Note that the Format Unit command initializes from LBA 0 to Native MAX LBA. Host MAX LBA is set by Initialize Drive Parameter or Set MAX ADDRESS command is ignored. The protected area by Set MAX ADDRESS
command is also initialized.
The Security Erase Prepare command should be completed immediately prior to the Format Unit command. If the
device receives a Format Unit command without a prior Security Erase Prepare command, the device aborts the
Format Unit command.
If the Feature register is NOT 11h, the device returns an Abort error to the host.
This command does not request a data transfer.
Output parameters to the device
Feature
This indicates the Destination code for this command
11H
The merge reassigned location into the defect information.
The execution time of this command is shown below.
Model number
Execution time
HTE541010G9SA00
HTE541080G9SA00
HTE541060G9SA00
HTE541040G9SA00
64 min
52 min
40 min
26 min
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
86
12.8 Identify Device (ECh)
Table 173: Identify Device command (ECh)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 D - - - 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Identify Device command requests the device to transfer configuration information to the host. The device will
transfer a sector to the host containing the information in Table 174 beginning on page 88.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
87
Table 174: Identify device information. (Part 1 of 7)
Word
Content
Description
00
045AH
drive classibit assignments
fication
15(=0)
1=ATAPI device, 0=ATA device
14(=0)
1=format speed tolerance gap required
13(=0)
1=track offset option available
12(=0)
1=data strobe offset option available
11(=0)
1=rotational speed tolerance > 0.5%
10(=1)
1=disk transfer rate > 10 Mbps
9(=0)
1=disk transfer rate > 5 Mbps but <= 10 Mbps
8(=0)
1=disk transfer rate <= 5 Mbps
7(=0)
1=removable cartridge drive
6(=1)
1=fixed drive
5(=0)
1=spindle motor control option implemented
4(=1)
1=head switch time > 15 ms
3(=1)
1=not MFM encoded
2(=0)
1=identify data incomplete
1(=1)
1=hard sectored
0(=0)
Reserved
Number of cylinders in default translate mode
Specific configuration
SET FEATURES subcommand is not required to spin-up
C837h
and IDENTIFY DEVICE response is complete
SET FEATURES subcommand is required to spin-up and
37C8h
IDENTIFY DEVICE response is complete
Number of heads in default translate mode
Reserved
Number of sectors per track in default translate mode
Reserved
Serial number in ASCII (0 = not specified)
Controller type:
0003: dual ported, multiple sector buffer with look-ahead read
Buffer size in 512-byte increments
Number of ECC bytes as currently selected via the set feature
command
Micro code version in ASCII
Model number in ASCII
Maximum number of sectors that can be transferred per interrupt
on Read and Write Multiple commands
15-8: (=80h)
7-0: Maximum number of sectors that can be transferred per
interrupt.
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
01
02
(Note 1)
xxxxH
03
04-05
06
07-09
10-19
20
(Note 1)
0
003FH
0
XXXX
0003H
21
22
(Note 1)
00XXH
23-26
27-46
47
XXXX
(Note 1)
8010H
*
*
*
*
* indicates the use of those parameters that are vendor specific.
Note 1. See Table 181: “Number of cylinders/heads/sectors by model.” on page 96.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
88
Table 175: Identify device information. (Part 2 of 7)
Word
Content
48
49
0000H
0F00H
50
4000H
51
52
53
0200H
0200H
0007H
54
55
56
57-58
XXXXH
XXXXH
XXXXH
XXXXH
59
0XXXH
60-61
(Note 1)
62
63
0000H
0X07H
Description
* Capable of double word I/O, '0000'= cannot perform
Capabilities, bit assignments:
15-14(=0) Reserved
13(=0) Standby timer value are vendor specific
12(=0) Reserved
11(=1) IORDY Supported
10(=1) IORDY can be disabled
9(=1) Reserved
8(=0) Reserved
7-0(=0) Reserved
*
Capabilities
15(=0) 0=the contents of word 50 are valid
14(=1) 1=the contents of word 50 are valid
13- 1(=0) Reserved
0(=0) 1=the device has a minimum Standby timer value that
is device specific
* PIO data transfer cycle timing mode
* DMA data transfer cycle timing mode Refer Word 62 and 63
Validity flag of the word
15- 3(=0) Reserved
2(=1) 1 Word 88 is Valid
1(=1) 1=Word 64-70 are Valid
0(=1) 1=Word 54-58 are Valid
Number of current cylinders
Number of current heads
Number of current sectors per track
Current capacity in sectors
Word 57 specifies the low word of the capacity
Current Multiple setting. Bit assignments:
15- 9(=0) Reserved
8
1= Multiple Sector Setting is Valid
7- 0
xxh = Current setting for number of sectors
Total Number of User Addressable Sectors
Word 60 specifies the low word of the number
FFFFFFFh=the 48-bit native max address is greater than
268,435,455
* Reserved
Multiword DMA Transfer Capability
15-11 (=0) Reserved
10(=0) Phy event counters
9(=0)Receipt of host-initated interface power management
requests
8
1=Multiword DMA mode 0 is selected
7- 3 (=0) Reserved
2
1=Multiword DMA mode 2 is supported
1
1=Multiword DMA mode 1 is supported
0
1=Multiword DMA mode 0 is supported
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
89
* indicates the use of those parameters that are vendor specific.
Note 1. See Table 181: “Number of cylinders/heads/sectors by model.” on page 96.
Table 176: Identify device information. (Part 3 of 7)
Word
Content
64
0003H
65
0078H
66
0078H
67
00F0H
68
0078H
69-74
75
0000H
0000H
76
0002H
Description
Flow Control PIO Transfer Modes Supported
15- 8(=0) Reserved
7- 0(=3) Advanced PIO Transfer Modes Supported
'11' = PIO Mode 3 and 4 Supported
Minimum Multiword DMA Transfer Cycle Time Per Word
15- 0(=78h) Cycle time in nanoseconds (120 ns, 16.6 MB/s)
Manufacturer's Recommended Multiword DMA Transfer Cycle Time
15- 0(=78h) Cycle time in nanoseconds (120 ns, 16.6 MB/s)
Minimum PIO Transfer Cycle Time Without Flow Control 15- 0(=F0h)
Cycle time in nanoseconds (240 ns, 8.3 MB/s)
Minimum PIO Transfer Cycle Time With IORDY Flow Control 150(=78h) Cycle time in nanoseconds (120 ns, 16.6 MB/s)
Reserved
Queue depth
15-5(=0) Reserved
4-0(=0) Maximum queued depth - 1
SATA capabilities
15(=0) Reserved
10(=0) Phy event counters
9(=0) Receipt of host-initiated interface power management
requests
8(=0) Native Command Queuing supported
7-3(=0) Reserved
2(=0) SATA Gen-2 speed (3.0Gbs) supported
1(=1) SATA Gen-1 speed (1.5Gbs) supported
0(=0) Reserved
** indicates a feature that is able to be unsupported by the Device Configuration Overlay command.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
90
Table 177: Identify device information. (Part 4 of 7)
Word
Content
77
000H
78
0000H
79
000H
Description
Reserved
SATA enabled features
15-7(=0) Reserved
**6(=x) Software setting preservation
5(=0) Reserved
4(=0) In-order data delivery
**3(=x) Device initiated interface power management
1(=0) Non-zero buffer offset in DMA Setup FIS
0(=0) Reserved
SATA enabled features
15-7(=0) Reserved
**6(=x) Software setting preservation
5(=0) Reserved
4(=0) In-order data delivery
**3(=x) Device initiated interface power management
2(=0) DMA Setup Auto-Activate optimization
1(=0) Non-zero buffer offset in DMA Setup FIS
0(=0) Reserved
* indicates the use of those parameters that are vendor specific.
** indicates a feature that is able to be unsupported by the Device Configuration Overlay command.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
91
Table 178: Identify device information. (Part 5 of 7
Word
Content
Description
80
007CH
81
746BH
83
7FE8H
84
4023H
Major version number
ATA-1,2.3 and ATA/ATAPI-4, 5, 6
Command set supported
15(=0) Reserved
14(=1) 1=NOP command supported
13(=1) 1=READ BUFFER command supported
12(=1) 1=WRITE BUFFER command supported
11(=0) Reserved
**10(=1) 1=Host Protected Area Feature Set supported
9(=0) 1=DEVICE RESET command supported
8(=0) 1=SERVICE interrupt supported
6(=1) 1=look ahead supported
5(=1) 1=write cahce supported
4(=0) 1=Supports Packet Command Feature Set
3(=1) 1=Supports Power Management Feature
2(=0) 1=Supports Removable Media Feature Set
**1(=1) 1=Supports Security Feature Set
0(=1) 1=Supports S.M.A.R.T Feature Set
Command set supported
15(=0) Always
14(=1) Always
13(=1) 1=Flush Cache Ext command supported
12(=1) 1=Flush Cache command supported
10(=X) 1=UltraDMA mode 2 is selected
9(=X) 1=UltraDMA mode 1 is selected
8(=X) 1=UltraDMA mode 0 is selected
7(=1) Always
6(=1) 1=Set Features subcommand required to spin-up
5(=1) 1=Power-Up In Standby feature set supported
4(=0) 1=Removable Media Status Notification Feature Set
supported
3(=1) 1=Advanced Power Management Feature Set supported
2(=0) 1=CFA Feature Set supported
1(=0) 1=Read/Write DMA Queued supported
0(=0) Always
Command set/feature supported extension
15(=0) Always
14(=1) Always
13-6(=0) Reserved
5(=1) 1=General Purpose Logging feature set supported
4-2(=0) Reserved
1(=0) 1=SMART self-test supported
0(=1) 1=SMART error logging supported
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
92
85
F4xxH
Command set/feature enabled
15(=1) Reserved
14(=1) 1=NOP command supported
13(=1) 1=Read Buffer command supported
12(=1) 1=Write Buffer command supported
11(=0) Reserved
10(=1) 1=Host Protected Area Feature Set supported
9(=0) 1=Device Reset command supported
8(=0) 1=Serivce interrupt enabled
7(=0) 1=release interrupt enabled
6(=x) 1=look-ahead enabled
5(=x) 1=write cache enabled
4(=0) 1=supports PACKET Command Feature Set
3(=1) 1=supports Power Management Feature Set
2(=0) 1=supports Removable Media Feature Set
1(=x) 1=Security Feature Set enabled
0(=x) 1=S.M.A.R.T. Feature set enabled
* indicates the use of those parameters that are vendor specific.
** indicates a feature that is able to be unsupported by the Device Configuration Overlay command.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
93
Table 179: Identify device information. (Part 6 of 7)
Word
Content
86
3xxxH
Command set/feature enabled
15-14(=0)
Device detected result
13(=1)
1=Flush Cache Ext command supported
12(=1)
1=Flush Cache command supported
11(=X)
1=Device Configuration Overlay supported
10(=1)
1= 48-bit Address feature set supported
9(=x)
1=Automatic Acoustic Management enabled
8(=X)
1=Set Max security extension enabled
7(=0)
Reserved
6(=1)
1= Set Features subcommand required to spin-up
5(=x)
1=Power-up in Standby feature set has been enabled via
the Set Features command
4(=x)
Device 0 hardware reset result
Device 1 clears these bits to 0
3(=x)
1=Advanced Power Management Feature Set enabled
2(=0)
1=CFA Feature Set supported
1(=0)
1=Read/Write DMA Queued command supported
0(=0)
Reserved
87
4023H
88
xx3FH
Command set/feature enabled
15(=1) Always
14(=1) Always
13-6(=0) Reserved
5(=1) 1=General Purpose Logging feature set supported
4-2(=0) Reserved
1(=1) 1=SMART self-test supported
0(=0) 1=SMART error logging supported
Ultra DMA Transfer mode (mode 5 supported)
15-14(=1) Reserved
13(=x) 1=UltraDMA mode 5 is selected
12(=x) 1=UltraDMA mode 4 is selected
11(=x) 1=UltraDMA mode 3 is selected
10(=x) 1=UltraDMA mode 2 is selected
9(=x) 1=UltraDMA mode 1 is selected
8(=x) 1=UltraDMA mode 0 is selected
7-6 (=0) Reserved
5 (=1) 1=UltraDMA mode 5 is supported
4 (=1) 1=UltraDMA mode 4 is supported
3 (=1) 1=UltraDMA mode 3 is supported
2 (=1) 1=UltraDMA mode 2 is supported
1 (=1) 1=UltraDMA mode 1 is supported
0 (=1) 1=UltraDMA mode 0 is supported
Time required for security erase unit completion
Time= value(xxxxh)*2 [minutes]
Time required for Enhanced security erase completion
0000 : Not supported
Current Advanced Power Management level
15-8 (=40h) Reserved
7-0 (=xxh) Current Advanced Power Management level set by Set
Features Command (01h to FEh)
89
90
91
xxxH
0000H
40xxH
Description
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
94
Note 1. See Table 181: “Number of cylinders/heads/sectors by model.” on page 96.
Table 180: Identify device information. (Part 7 of 7)
Word
Content
92
93
94
xxxxH
000XH
80xxH
95-99
100-103
104-106
107
108-126
127
128
000XH
Note 2
0000H
0021H
0000H
0000H
0xxxH
129
000xH
130
131
xxxxH
000xH
132-254
255
xxxxH
xxA5H
Description
Current Master Password Revision Codes
Reserved
Automatic Acoustic Management value
15-8 Vendor’s Recommended Acoustic Management level
7-0
Current Automatic Acoustic Management value
Default value is FEh
* Reserved
Maximum user LBA address for 48-bit Address feature set
Reserved
Inter seek delay time (1.5tt + 2.5tl)
Reserved
Removable Media Status Notification feature set
Security status. Bit assignments
15-9(=0) Reserved
8(=x) Security Level 1=Maximum, 0=High
7-6(=0) Reserved
5(=x) 1=Enhanced security erase supported
4(=x) 1=Secutiry count expired
3(=x) 1=Security Frozen
8(=x) 1=UltraDMA mode 0 is selected
7-6 (=0) Reserved
5 (=1) 1=Enhanced security erase supported
4 (=x) 1=Security count expired
3 (=x) 1=Security Frozen
2 (=x) 1=Security locked
1 (=x) 1=Security enabled
0 (=1) 1=Security supported
Current Set Feature Option. Bit assignments
15-4 (=0) Reserved
3 (=x) 1=Auto reassign enabled
2 (=x) 1=Reverting enabled
1 (=x) 1=Read Look-ahead enabled
0 (=x) 1=Write Cache enabled
* Reserved
Initial Power Mode Selection. Bit assignments
15-2(=0) Reserved
*
1 (=1) Always
0 (=x) Initial Power Mode 1= Standby, 0=Idle
* Reserved
Integrity word
15-8 (=xxh) Checksum
7-0 (=A5h) Signature
* indicates the use of those parameters that are vendor specific.
Note 2. See table 60.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
95
Table 181: Number of cylinders/heads/sectors by model.
Microcode revision
HTE541010G9SA00
Number of cylinders
Number of heads
Buffer size
Total number of user
addressable sectors
Microcode revision
HTE541080G9SA00
Number of cylinders
Number of heads
Buffer size
Total number of user
addressable sectors
Microcode revision
HTE541060G9SA00
Number of cylinders
Number of heads
Buffer size
Total number of user
addressable sectors
Microcode revision
HTE541040G9SA00
Number of cylinders
Number of heads
Buffer size
Total number of user
addressable sectors
MBxOAxxx
3FFFh
10h
3AE6h
BA52230h
MBxOAxxx
3FFFh
10h
3AE6h
950F80h
MBxOAxxx
3FFFh
10h
3AE6h
6FC7C80h
MBxOAxxx
3FFFh
10h
3AE6h
4A85300h
For the microcode revision refer to word 23-26 in 12.8 “Identify Device (ECh)” on page 87. This is
8 characters in ASCII.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
96
12.9 Idle (E3h/97h)
Table 182: Idle command (E3h/97h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
When the power save mode is Standby mode, the Idle command causes the device to enter Performance Idle mode
immediately and sets the auto power down time-out Parameter (standby timer). At the set of the auto power down
time-out parameter (standby timer) the point timer starts counting down. When the power save mode is already any
idle mode, the device remains in that mode.
When the Idle mode is entered, the device is spun up to operating speed. If the device is already spinning, the spin
up sequence is not executed.
During Idle mode the device is spinning and is ready to respond to host commands immediately.
Input parameters to the device
Sector Count
This indicates the Time-out Parameter. If it is zero, the time-out interval (Standby Timer)
is disabled. If it is other than zero, the time-out interval is set for (Time-out Parameter × 5)
seconds.
The device will enter Standby mode automatically if the time-out interval expires with no
device access from the host. The time-out interval will be reinitialized if there is a device
access before the time-out interval expires.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
97
12.10 Idle Immediate (E1h/95h)
Table 183: Idle Immediate command (E1h/95h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Idle Immediate command causes the device to enter Performance Idle mode.
The device is spun up to operating speed. If the device is already spinning, the spin up sequence is not executed.
During Idle mode the device is spinning and ready to respond to the host commands immediately.
The Idle Immediate command will not affect the auto power down time-out parameter.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
98
12.11 Initialize Device Parameters (91h)
Table 184: Initialize Device Parameters command (91h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - H H H H
1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
0
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Initialize Device Parameters command enables the host to set the number of sectors per track and the number
of heads minus 1, per cylinder. Words 54–58 in Identify Device Information reflects these parameters.
The parameters remain in effect until the following events occur:
•
•
•
•
Another Initialize Device Parameters command is received.
The device is powered off.
A hard reset occurs.
A soft reset occurs and the Set Feature option of CCh is set.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of sectors per track. Zero (0) indicates 0 sectors per track
instead of 256 sectors per track. It means that there are no sectors per track.
H
This indicates the number of heads minus 1 per cylinder. The minimum is 0 and the maximum is 15.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
99
12.12 Read Buffer (E4h)
Table 185: Read Buffer (E4h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
1
1
6
1
5
1
1
4
0
3
0
2
1
Command Block Input Registers
1
0
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Read Buffer command transfers a sector of data from the sector buffer of the device to the host.
The sector is transferred through the Data Register 16 bits at a time.
The sector transferred will be from the same part of the buffer written to by the last Write Buffer command. The
contents of the sector may be different if any reads or writes have occurred since the Write Buffer command was
issued.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
100
12.13 Read DMA (C8h/C9h)
Table 186: Read DMA command (C8h/C9h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
V
V
V
V
1
1
6
V
V
V
V
L
1
5
V
V
V
V
1
0
4
V
V
V
V
0
3
V
V
V
V
H
1
2
V
V
V
V
H
0
Command Block Input Registers
1
V
V
V
V
H
0
0
V
V
V
V
H
R
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
V
V
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - - H H H
see below
0
V
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Read DMA command reads one or more sectors of data from disk media and then transfers the data from the
device to the host. It transfers the sectors through the Data Register 16 bits at a time.
The host initializes a slave-DMA channel prior to issuing the command. The data transfers are qualified by the
DMARQ and are performed by the slave-DMA channel. The device issues only one interrupt per command to indicate that the data transfer has terminated and that status is available.
If an uncorrectable error occurs, the read will be terminated at the failing sector.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of continuous sectors to be transferred. If zero is specified,
256 sectors will be transferred.
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0).
In LBA mode, this register specifies that LBA address bits 0–7 are to be transferred
(L = 1)
LBA High/Mid
This indicates the cylinder number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0).
In LBA mode this register specifies LBA address bits 8–15 (Mid) and 16–23 (High) to be
transferred. (L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0).
In LBA mode this register specifies the LBA bits 24–27 to be transferred. (L = 1)
R
This indicates the retry bit, but this bit is ignored.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
101
Input parameters from the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of requested sectors not transferred. This will be zero, unless an
unrecoverable error occurs.
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0).
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
LBA High/Low
This indicates the cylinder number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0).
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits16–23
(High). (L=1)
H
This indicates the head number of the sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
102
12.14 Read DMA EXT (25h)
Table 187: Read DMA EXT (25h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device
Command
Feature
7
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
6
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
5
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
4
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
3
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
Command Block Input Registers
2
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
0
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
V
V
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Read DMA command reads one or more sectors of data from disk media, then transfers the data from the
device to the host.
The sectors are transferred through the Data Register 16 bits at a time.
The host initializes a slave-DMA channel prior to issuing the command. The data transfers are qualified by
DMARQ and are performed by the slave-DMA channel. The device issues only one interrupt per command to indicate that data transfer has terminated and status is available.
If an uncorrectable error occurs, the read will be terminated at the failing sector
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count Current This indicates the number of sectors to be transferred low order, bits (7-0)
Sector Count Previous This indicates the number of sectors to be transferred high order, bits (15-8). If 0000h in
the Sector Count register is specified, 65.536 sectors will be transferred.
LBA Low Current
LBA (7-0)
LBA Low Previous
LBA (31-24)
LBA Mid Current
LBA (15-8)
LBA Mid Previous
LBA (39-32)
LBA High Current
LBA (23-16)
LBA High Previous
LBA (47-40)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
103
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low (HOB=0)
LBA (7-0) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Low (HOB=1)
LBA (31-24) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=0)
LBA (15-8) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=1)
LBA (39-32) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High (HOB=0)
LBA (23-16) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High (HOB=1)
LBA (47-40) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
104
12.15 Read Log Ext (2Fh)
Table 188: Read Log Ext command (2Fh)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device
Command
Feature
7
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
6
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
5
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
4
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
D
0
3
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
Command Block Input Registers
2
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
V
V
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
Output parameters to the device
Sector CountCurrent The number of sectors to be read from the specified log low order, bits (7:0). The log
transferred by the drive shall start at the sector in the specified log at the specified offset,
regardless of the sector count requested.
Sector Count Previous The number of sectors to be read from the specified log high orders, bits (15:8).
LBA Low Current
The log to be returned as described in Figure
LBA Mid Current
The first sector of the to be read low order, bits (7:0).
LBA Mid Previous
The first sector of the log to be read high order, bit (15:8)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
105
Table 189: Log address definition
Log
address
00h
03h
06h
07h
80h-9Fh
Content
Feature set
Type
Log directory
N/A
Extended
Comprehensive
SMART
error log
SMART self-test log
Extended SMART self-test log
SMART
error
logging
SMART self-test
SMART self-test
Host vendor specific
SMART
Read
Only
Read
Only
See Note
Read
Only
Read/Wri
te
Note: If log address 06h is accessed using the Read Log Ext or Write Ext commands, command abort shall be
returned.
The Extended SMART self-test log sector shall support 48-bit and 28-bit addressing. All 28-bit entries contained in
the SMART self-test log sector shall also be included in the Comprehensive SMART self-test log sector with the
48-bit entries.
If the feature set associated with the log specified in the Sector Number register is not supported or enabled, or if
the values in the Sector Count, Sector Number or Cylinder Low registers are invalid, the device shall return command aborted.
12.15.1 General purpose log Directory
Description
General Purpose Logging Version
Number of sectors in the log at log address 01h (7:0)
Number of sectors in the log at log address 01h (15:8)
Number of sectors in the log at log address 02h (7:0)
Number of sectors in the log at log address 02h (15:8)
...
Number of sectors in the log at log address 80h (7:0)
Number of sectors in the log at log address 80h (15:8)
...
Number of sectors in the log at log address FFh (7:0)
Number of sectors in the log at log address FFh (15:8)
Bytes
2
1
1
1
1
Offset
00h
02h
03h
04h
05h
1
1
100h
101h
1
1
512
1FEh
1FFh
The value of the General Purpose Logging Version word shall be 0001h. A value of 0000h indicates that there is no
General Purpose Log Directory. The Logs at log addresses 80h-9Fh are defined as 16 sectors long.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
106
12.15.2 Extended comprehensive SMART error log
defines the format of each of the sectors that comprise the Extended Comprehensive SMART error log. Error log
data structure shall not include errors attributed to the receipt of faulty commands such as command codes not
implemented by the device or requests with invalid parameters or in valid addresses.
Table 190: Extended comprehensive SMAERT error log
Description
SMART error log version
Reserved
Error log index (7:0)
Error log index (15:8)
1st error log data structure
2nd error log data structure
3rd error log data structure
4th error log data structure
Device error count
Reserved
Data structure checksum
Bytes
1
1
1
1
124
124
124
124
2
9
1
512
Offset
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
80h
FCh
178h
1F4h
1F6h
1FFh
12.15.3 Error Log version
The value of this version shall be 01h.
12.15.3.1 Error Log index
This indicates the error log data structure representing the most recent error. If there have been no error log entries,
it is cleared to 0. Valid values for the error log index are 0 to 4.
12.15.3.2 Extended Error log data structure
An error log data structure shall be presented for each of the last four errors reported by the device. These error log
data structure entries are viewed as a circular buffer. The fifth error shall create an error log structure that replaces
the first error log data structure. The next error after that shall create an error log data structure that replaces the
second error log structure, etc.
Unused error log data structures shall be filled with zeros.
Data format of each error log structure is shown below.
Description
1st command data structure
2nd command data structure
3rd command data structure
4th command data structure
5th command data structure
Error data structure
Bytes
18
18
18
18
18
34
124
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
107
Offset
00h
12h
24h
36h
48h
5Ah
Command data structure: Data format of each command data structure is shown below.
Table 191: Command data structure
Description
Device Control register
Features register (7:0) (see Note)
Features register (15:8)
Sector count register (7:0)
Sector count register (15:8)
Sector number register (7:0)
Sector number register (15:8)
Cylinder Low register (7:0)
Cylinder Low register (15:8)
Cylinder High register (7:0)
Cylinder High register (15:8)
Device/Head register
Command register
Reserved
Timestamp (milliseconds from Power-on)
Bytes
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
18
Offset
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0Bh
0Ch
0Dh
0Eh
Note bits (7:0) refer to the most recently written contents of the register. Bits (15:8) refer to the contents of the register prior to the most recent write to the register.
State shall contain a value indicating the state of the device when the command was issued to the device or the reset
occurred as described below.
Value State
Value
State
x0h
Unknown
x1h
Sleep
x2h
Standby
x3h
Active/Idle
x4h
SMART Off-line
or Self-test
x5h-xAh
Reserved
xBh-xFh
Vendor specific
Note: The value of x is vendor specific.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
108
12.15.3.3 Device error count
This field shall contain the total number of errors attributable to the device that have been reported by the device
during the life of the device. This count shall not include errors attributed to the receipt of faulty commands such as
commands codes not implemented by the device or requests with invalid parameters or invalid addresses. If the
maximum value for this field is reached the count shall remain at the maximum value when additional errors are
encountered and logged.
12.15.4 Extended Self-test log sector
The Extended SMART self-test log sector shall support 48-bit and 28-bit addressing. All 28-bit entries contained in
the SMART self-test log, defined in "Self-test log data structure" shall also be included in the Extended SMART
self-test log with all 48-bit entries.
Table 192: Extended Self-test log data structure
Description
Self-test log data structure
number
Reserved
Self-test descriptor index (7:0)
Self-test descriptor index (15:8)
Descriptor entry 1
Descriptor entry 2
...
Descriptor entry 18
Vendor specific
Reserved
Data structure checksum
revision
Bytes
1
Offset
00h
1
1
1
26
26
01h
02h
03h
04h
1Eh
26
2
11
1
512
1D8h
1F2h
1F4h
1FFh
These descriptor entries are viewed as a circular buffer. The nineteenth self-test shall create a descriptor entry that
replaces descriptor entry 1. The next self-test after that shall create a descriptor entry that replaces descriptor entry
2, etc. All unused self-test descriptors shall be filled with zeros.
12.15.4.1 Self-test log data structure revision number
The value of this revision number shall be 01h.
12.15.4.2 Self-test descriptor index
The indicates the most recent self-test descriptor. If there have been no self-tests, this is set to zero. Valid values for
the self-test descriptor index are 0 to 18.
12.15.4.3 Extended self-test log descriptor entry
The content of the self-test descriptor entry is shown below.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
109
Table 193: Extended self-test log descriptor entry
Description
Self-test number
Self-test execution status
Power-on life timestamp in hours
Self-test failure check point
Failing LBA (7:0)
Failing LBA (15:8)
Failing LBA (23:16)
Failing LBA (31:24)
Failing LBA (39:32)
Failing LBA (47:40)
Vendor specific
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
110
Bytes
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
15
26
Offset
00h
01h
02h
04h
05h
06h
07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0Bh
12.16 Read Long (22h/23h)
Table 194: Read Long (22h/23h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
0
V
V
V
1
0
6
0
V
V
V
L
0
5
0
V
V
V
1
1
4
0
V
V
V
0
3
0
V
V
V
H
0
2
0
V
V
V
H
0
Command Block Input Registers
1
0
V
V
V
H
1
0
1
V
V
V
H
R
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - - H H H
see below
0
V
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Read Long command reads the designated one sector of data and the ECC bytes from the disk media. It then
transfers the data and ECC bytes from the device to the host.
After 512 bytes of data have been transferred, the device will keep setting DRQ = 1 to indicate that the device is
ready to transfer the ECC bytes to the host. The data is transferred 16 bits at a time and the ECC bytes are transferred 8 bits at a time. The number of ECC bytes are 4 or 51 according to the setting of Set Feature option. The
default setting is 4 bytes of ECC data.
The command makes a single attempt to read the data and does not check the data using ECC. Whatever is read is
returned to the host.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of continuous sectors to be transferred. The Sector Count must
be set to one.
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
LBA High/Mid
This indicates the cylinder number of the sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains LBA bits 8–15 (Low), 16–23 (High). (L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
R
This indicates the retry bit; this bit is ignored.
Input parameters from the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of requested sectors not transferred
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
111
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains current LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
LBA High/Low
This indicates the cylinder number of the transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains current LBA bits 8–15 (Low), 16–23 (High). (L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains current LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
The device internally uses 51 bytes of ECC data on all data written or read from the disk. The 4-byte mode of operation is provided by means of an emulation. Use of the 51 byte ECC mode is recommended for testing the effectiveness and integrity of the ECC functions of the device.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
112
12.17 Read Multiple (C4h)
Table 195: Read Multiple (C4h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
V
V
V
V
1
1
6
V
V
V
V
L
1
5
V
V
V
V
1
0
4
V
V
V
V
0
3
V
V
V
V
H
0
2
V
V
V
V
H
1
Command Block Input Registers
1
V
V
V
V
H
0
0
V
V
V
V
H
0
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
V
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - - H H H
see below
0
V
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Read Multiple command reads one or more sectors of data from disk media and then transfers the data from
the device to the host.
The sectors are transferred through the Data Register 16 bits at a time. The command execution is identical to the
Read Sectors command with one exception: an interrupt is generated for each block—as defined by the Set Multiple command—instead of for each sector.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of continuous sectors to be transferred. If zero is specified, 256
sectors will be transferred.
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
LBA High/Low
This indicates the cylinder number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains LBA bits 8–15 (Mid), 16–23 (High). (L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
Input parameters from the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of requested sectors not transferred. This number is zero unless
an unrecoverable error occurs.
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains current LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
113
LBA High/Low
This indicates the cylinder number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains current LBA bits 8–15 (Mid), 16–23 (High). (L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode, this register contains current LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
114
12.18 Read Multiple EXT (29h)
Table 196: Read Multiple EXT (29h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device
Command
Feature
7
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
6
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
5
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
4
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
3
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
Command Block Input Registers
2
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
1
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
0
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
V
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count Current This indicates the number of sectors to be transferred low order, bits (7-0)
Sector Count Previous This indicates the number of sectors to be transferred high order, bits (15-8). If 0000h in
the Sector Count register is specified, 65.536 sectors will be transferred.
LBA Low Current
LBA (7-0)
LBA Low Previous
LBA (31-24)
LBA Mid Current
LBA (15-8)
LBA Mid Previous
LBA (39-32)
LBA High Current
LBA (23-16)
LBA High Previous
LBA (47-40)
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low (HOB=0) LBA (7-0) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Low (HOB=1)
LBA (31-24) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=0)
LBA (15-8) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=1)
LBA (39-32) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High (HOB=0)
LBA (23-16) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High (HOB=1)
LBA (47-40) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
115
12.19 Read Native Max ADDRESS (F8h)
Table 197: Read Native Max ADDRESS (F8h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
1
1
6
L
1
5
1
1
4
1
3
1
2
0
Command Block Input Registers
1
0
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - - H H H
see below
0
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
This command returns the native max LBA/CYL of the drive which is not effected by the Set Max ADDRESS
command. Even if the Address Offset mode is enabled, the native max LBA/CYL is returned.
The 48-bit native max address is greater than 268,435,455, the Read Native Max Address command returns a value
of 268,435,455.
Output parameters to the device
L
LBA mode. This indicates the addressing mode. L = 0 specifies CHS mode and L = 1
specifies the LBA addressing mode.
D
This is the device number bit. Indicates that the device number bit of the Device/Head
Register should be specified. D = 0 selects the master device and D = 1 selects the slave
device.
-
Indicates that the bit is not used.
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low
In LBA mode this register contains the native max LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
In CHS mode this register contains the native max LBA Low. (L = 0)
LBA High/Mid
In LBA mode this register contains the native max LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23
(High). (L = 1)
In CHS mode this register contains the native max cylinder number. (L = 0)
H
In LBA mode this register contains the native max LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
In CHS mode this register contains the native maximum head number. (L = 0)
V
Valid. Indicates that the bit is part of an input parameter and will be set to 0 or 1 by the
device.
-
This indicates that the bit is not used
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
116
12.20 Read Native Max ADDRESS EXT (27h)
Table 198: Read Native Max ADDRESS EXT (27h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device
Command
Feature
7
1
0
6
1
0
5
1
1
4
0
3
0
Command Block Input Registers
2
1
1
1
0
1
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
This command returns the native max LBA of HDD which is not effected by Set Max ADDRESS EXT command.
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low (HOB=0)
LBA (7-0) of the address of the Native max areas.
LBA Low (HOB=1)
LBA (31-24) of the address of the Native max areas.
LBA Mid (HOB=0)
LBA (15-8) of the address of the Native max areas.
LBA Mid (HOB=1)
LBA (39-32) of the address of the Native max areas.
LBA High (HOB=0)
LBA (23-16) of the address of the Native max areas.
LBA High (HOB=1)
LBA (47-40) of the address of the Native max areas.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
117
12.21 Read Sectors (20h/21h)
Table 199: Read Sectors (20h/21h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
V
V
V
V
1
0
6
V
V
V
V
L
0
5
V
V
V
V
1
1
4
V
V
V
V
0
3
V
V
V
V
H
0
2
V
V
V
V
H
0
Command Block Input Registers
1
V
V
V
V
H
0
0
V
V
V
V
H
R
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
V
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - - H H H
see below
0
V
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Read Sectors command reads one or more sectors of data from disk media and then transfers the data from the
device to the host.
The sectors are transferred through the Data Register 16 bits at a time. If an uncorrectable error occurs the read will
be terminated at the failing sector.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA High/Low
H
R
This indicates the number of continuous sectors to be transferred. If zero is specified, then
256sectors will be transferred.
This is the sector number of the first sector to be transferred. (L =0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
This is the cylinder number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 8–15 (Low) and bits 16–23(High).(L = 1)
This is the head number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
This is the retry bit; this bit is ignored.
Input parameters from the device
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA High/Low
H
This is the number of requested sectors not transferred. This will be zero, unless an unrecoverable error occurs.
This is the sector number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
This is the cylinder number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 8–15 (Low) and bits 16–23
(High).(L = 1)
This is the head number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
118
12.22 Read Sector(s) EXT (24h)
Table 200: Read Sector(s) EXT Command (24h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device
Command
Feature
7
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
6
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
5
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
4
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
3
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
Command Block Input Registers
2
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
0
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
V
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Read Sector(s) Ext command reads from 1 to 65,536 sectors of data from disk media, then transfers the data
from the device to the host.
The sectors are transferred through the Data Register 16 bits at a time.
If an uncorrectable error occurs, the read will be terminated at the failing sector.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count Current This indicates the number of sectors to be transferred low order, bits (7-0)
Sector Count Previous This indicates the number of sectors to be transferred high order, bits (15-8). If 0000h in
the Sector Count register is specified, 65.536 sectors will be transferred.
LBA Low Current
LBA (7-0)
LBA Low Previous
LBA (31-24)
LBA Mid Current
LBA (15-8)
LBA Mid Previous
LBA (39-32)
LBA High Current
LBA (23-16)
LBA High Previous
LBA (47-40)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
119
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low (HOB=0)
LBA (7-0) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Low (HOB=1)
LBA (31-24) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=0)
LBA (15-8) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=1)
LBA (39-32) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High (HOB=0)
LBA (23-16) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High(HOB=1)
LBA (47-40) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
120
12.23 Read Verify Sectors (40h/41h)
Table 201: Read Verify Sectors (40h/41h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
1 L 1 - H H H H
0 0 1 0 0 0 0 R
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
V
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - - H H H
see below
0
V
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Read Verify Sector(s) command verifies one or more sectors on the device. No data is transferred to the host.
The difference between the Read Sector(s) command and Read Verify Sector(s) command is that data is transferred
to the host during a Read Sectors command and data is not transferred to the host during a Read Verify Sectors
command.
If an uncorrectable error occurs, the read verify will be terminated at the failing sector.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count
This is the number of continuous sectors to be verified. If zero is specified, 256 sectors
will be verified.
LAB Low
This is the sector number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
LBA High/Low
This is the cylinder number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23 (High).
(L = 1)
H
This is the head number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
R
This is the retry bit; this bit is ignored.
Input parameters from the device
Sector Count
This is the number of requested sectors not transferred. This number will be zero, unless
an unrecoverable error occurs.
LBA Low
This is the sector number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
121
LBA High/Low
This is the cylinder number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23
(High). (L = 1)
H
This is the head number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
122
12.24 Ready Verify Sector(s) EXT (42h)
Table 202: Read Verify Sector(s) EXT Command (42h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device
Command
Feature
7
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
6
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
5
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
4
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
3
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
Command Block Input Registers
2
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
0
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
V
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Read Verify Sector(s) Ext verifies one or more sectors on the device. No data is transferred to the host.
The difference between the Read Sector(s) Ext command and the Read Verify Sector(s) Ext command is whether
the data is transferred to the host or not.
If an uncorrectable error occurs, the Read Verify Sector(s) Ext will be terminated at the failing sector.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count Current This indicates the number of sectors to be transferred low order, bits (7-0)
Sector Count Previous This indicates the number of sectors to be transferred high order, bits (15-8). If 0000h in
the Sector Count register is specified, 65,536 sectors will be transferred.
LBA Low Current
LBA (7-0)
LBA Low Previous
LBA (31-24)
LBA Mid Current
LBA (15-8)
LBA Mid Previous
LBA (39-32)
LBA High Current
LBA (23-16)
LBA High Previous
LBA (47-40)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
123
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low (HOB=0)
LBA (7-0) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Low (HOB=1)
LBA (31-24) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=0)
LBA (15-8) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=1)
LBA (39-32) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High (HOB=0)
LBA (23-16) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High(HOB=1)
LBA (47-40) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
124
12.25 Recalibrate (1xh)
Table 203: Recalibrate (1xh)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
1
0
6
0
5
1
0
4
1
3
-
2
-
Command Block Input Registers
1
-
0
-
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
V
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
The Recalibrate command moves the read/write heads from anywhere on the disk to cylinder 0.
If the device cannot reach cylinder 0, T0N (Track 0 Not Found) will be set in the Error Register.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
125
0
ERR
V
12.26 Security Disable Password (F6h)
Table 204: Security Disable Password (F6h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
Status Register
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Security Disable Password command disables the security mode feature (device lock function).
The Security Disable Password command requests a transfer of a single sector of data from the host including
information specified in the table below. The device then checks the transferred password. If the User Password or
Master Password matches the given password, the device disables the security mode feature (device lock function).
This command does not change the Master Password which may be reactivated later by setting User Password.
This command should be executed in device unlock mode.
Table 205: Password Information for Security Disable Password command
Word
00
01-16
17- 255
Description
Control word
bit 0
: Identifier (1-Master, 0- User)
bits 1-15 : Reserved
Password
(32 bytes)
Reserved
The device will compare the password sent from this host with that specified in the control word.
Identifier
Zero indicates that the device should check the supplied password against the user password stored internally. One indicates that the device should check the given password
against the master password stored internally.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
126
12.27 Security Erase Unit (F3h)
Table 206: Security Erase Unit (F3h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Security Erase Unit command initializes all user data sectors and then disables the device lock function.
Note that the Security Erase Unit command initializes from LBA 0 to Native MAX LBA. The Host MAX LBA is
set by the Initialize Drive Parameter or the Set MAX ADDRESS command is ignored. The protected area by the
Set MAX ADDRESS command is also initialized.
This command requests the transfer of a single sector of data from the host including information specified in the
table below.
If the password does not match, the device rejects the command with an Aborted error.
Table 207: Erase Unit information
Word
Description
00
Control Word
bit 0
: Identifier (1- Master, 0- User)
bit 1-15 : Reserved
01-16
Password (32 bytes)
17-255 Reserved
Identifier
Zero indicates that the device should check the supplied password against the user password stored
internally. One indicates that the device should check the given password against the master password stored internally.
The Security Erase Unit command erases all user data and disables the security mode feature (device lock function). After completing of this command, all the user data will be initialized to zero with a write operation. At this
time, the data write is not verified with a read operation to determine if the data sector is initialized correctly. At
this time the defective sector information and the reassigned sector information for the device are not updated. The
security erase prepare command should be completed immediately prior to the Security Erase Unit command. If
the device receives a Security Erase Unit command without a prior Security Erase Prepare command, the device
aborts the security erase unit command.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
127
This command disables the security mode feature (device lock function), however, the master password is still
stored internally within the device and may be reactivated later when a new user password is set. If you execute this
command on disabling the security mode feature (device lock function), the password sent by the host is NOT
compared with the Master Password and the User Password. The device only erases all user data.
The execution time of this command for each model is shown below:
HTE541010G9SA00
HTE541080G9SA00
HTE541060G9SA00
HTE541040G9SA00
64 min
52 min
40 min
26 min
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
128
12.28 Security Freeze Lock (F5h)
Table 208: Security Freeze Lock (F5h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Security Freeze Lock Command allows the device to enter frozen mode immediately.
After this command is completed, the command which updates Security Mode Feature (Device Lock Function) is
rejected.
Frozen mode is quit only by a Power off.
The following commands are rejected when the device is in frozen mode. Refer to Table 53: “Command table for
device lock operation” on page 82.
•
•
•
•
Security Set Password
Security Unlock
Security Disable Password
Security Erase Unit
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
129
12.29 Security Set Password (F1h)
Table 209: Security Set Password (F1h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Security Set Password command enables the security mode feature (device lock function) and sets the master
password or the user password.
The security mode feature (device lock function) is enabled by this command and the device is not locked immediately. The device is locked after the next COMRESET with Software Settin Preservation disabled or power on reset
or hard reset. When the MASTER password is set by this command, the master password is registered internally.
The device is NOT locked after next power on reset or hard reset.
This command requests a transfer of a single sector of data from the host including the information specified in the
table below.
The data transferred controls the function of this command.
Table 210: Security Set Password information
Word
00
01-16
17-18
19-255
Description
Control Word
bit 0
: Identifier (1-Master, 0-User)
bit 1-7
: Reserved
bit 8
: Security level (1-Maximum, 0-High)
bit 9-15
: Reserved
Password (32 bytes)
Master Password Revision Code (valid if Word0bit 0 = 1)
Reserved
Identifier
Zero indicates that the device should check the supplied password against the user password stored internally. One
indicates that the device should check the given password against the master password stored internally.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
130
Security Level
A zero indicates a High level, a one indicates a Maximum level. If the host sets the High level and the password is
forgotten then the Master Password can be used to unlock the device. If the host sets the Maximum level and the
user password is forgotten, only a Security Erase Prepare/Security Unit command can unlock the device and all
data will be lost.
Password
The 32 bytes are always significant in the text of the password.
Master Password Revision Code
The Revision Code field is set with Master password. If Identifier is User, the Revision Code is not set. The Revision Code field is returned in Identify Device word 92. The valid Revision Codes are 0000h to FFFDh. The Default
Master Password Revision Code is FFFEh. The code FFFFh is reserved.
The setting of the Identifier and Security level bits interact as follows:
Identifier = User / Security level = High
The password supplied with the command will be saved as the new user password. The security mode feature
(lock function) will be enabled from the next power on. The drive may then be unlocked by either the user
password or the previously set master password.
Identifier = Master / Security level = High
This combination will set a master password but will NOT enable the security mode feature (lock function).
Identifier = User / Security level = Maximum
The password supplied with the command will be saved as the new user password. The security mode feature
(lock function) will be enabled from the next power on. The drive may then be unlocked by only the user password. The master password previously set is still stored in the drive but may NOT be used to unlock the
device.
Identifier = Master / Security level = Maximum
This combination will set a master password but will NOT enable the security mode feature (lock function).
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
131
12.30 Security Unlock (F2h)
Table 211: Security Unlock (F2h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
This command unlocks the password and causes the device to enter device unlock mode. If COMRESET with
Software Setting Preservation disable or power on reset is done without executing the Security Disable Password
command after this command is completed, the device will be in device lock mode. The password has not been
changed yet.
The Security Unlock command requests to transfer a single sector of data from the host including information specified in "Security Unlock Information" on page 112.
If the Identifier bit is set to master and the file is in high security mode then the password supplied will be compared with the stored master password. If the file is in maximum security mode then the security unlock will be
rejected.
If the Identifier bit is set to user, then the file compares the supplied password with the stored user password.
If the password compare fails then the device returns an abort error to the host and decrements the unlock attempt
counter. This counter is initially set to 5 and is decremented for each password mismatch. When this counter
reaches zero then all password protected commands are rejected until a power off.
Word
Description
00
Control Word
bit 0
: Identifier (1- Master, 0- User)
bit 1-15 : Reserved
01-16 Password (32 bytes)
17-255 Reserved
Identifier
A zero indicates that the device regards Password as the User Password. A one indicates that the device regards
Password as the Master Password.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
132
The user can detect if the attempt to unlock the device has failed due to a mismatched password since this is the
only reason that an abort error will be returned by the drive AFTER the password information has been sent to the
device. If an abort error is returned by the device BEFORE the password data has been sent to the drive, then
another problem exists.
12.31 Seek (7xh)
Table 212: Seek (7xh)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
1 L 1 - H H H H
0 1 1 1 - - - -
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - H H H
see below
0
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Seek command initiates a seek to the designated track and selects the designated head. The device does not
need to be formatted for a seek to execute properly.
Output parameters to the device
LBA Low
In LBA mode this register specifies the LBA address bits 0–7 for seek. (L = 1)
LBA High/Mid
This is the cylinder number of the seek. In LBA mode this register specifies the LBA
address bits 8–15 (Low) and bits 16–23 (High) for seek. (L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the seek. In LBA mode this register specifies the LBA
address bits 24–27 for seek. (L = 1)
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
LBA High/Mid
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits16–23
(High). (L = 1)
H
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
133
12.32 Sense Condition (F0h: vendor specific)
Table 213: Sense Condition (F0h: vendor specific)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
V V V V V V V
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - D - - see below
0
V
N
-
Status Register
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
V
V
V
V
2
1
COR IDX
-
0
ERR
V
The Sense Condition command is used to sense temperature in a device. This command is executable without spinning up even if a device is started with No Spin Up option. If this command is issued at the temperature out of
range which is specified for operating condition, the error might be returned with IDN bit 1.
Output parameters to the device
Feature
The Feature register must be set to 01h. All other values are rejected with setting ABORT
bit in status register.
Input parameters from the device
Sector Count
N
The Sector Count register contains result value.
Value
Description
00h
Temperature is equal to or lower than –20°C
01h–FEh
Temperature is (Value/2–20)°C
FFh
Temperature is higher than 107°C
Not recommendable condition for start up. If over stressed condition is detected, this bit
will be set to one.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
134
12.33 Set Features (EFh)
Table 214: Set Features (EFh)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
see note 1
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Set Feature command establishes the following parameters which affect the execution of certain features as
shown in the table below.
ABT will be set to 1 in the Error Register if the Feature register contains any undefined values.
After the power on reset or hard reset the device is set to the following features as default.
Write cache
ECC bytes
Read look-ahead
Reverting to power on defaults
Address Offset mode
Device-initiated interface power
state transition
Software setting preservation
Enable
4 bytes
Enable
Disable
Disable
Disable
Enable
Output parameters to the device
Feature
02H
03H
05H
06H
07H
10H
42H
44H
55H
Destination code for this command
Enable write cache (See note 2)
Set transfer mode based on value in sector count register
Enable Advanced Power Management
Enable Power-Up in Standby feature set
Power-Up in Standby feature set device spin-up
Enable use of Serial ATA feature
Enable Automatic Acoustic Management feature set
51 bytes of ECC apply on Read Long/Write Long commands
Disable read look-ahead feature
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
135
66H
82H
85H
86H
89H
90H
BBH
C2H
CCH
Disable reverting to power on defaults
Disable write cache
Disable Advanced Power Management (see note 3)
Disable Power-Up in Standby feature set
Disable Address Offset mode
Disable use of Serial ATA feature
4 bytes of ECC apply on Read Long/Write Long commands
Disable Automatic Acoustic Management feature set
Enable reverting to power on defaults
Note 1. When the Feature register is 03h (= Set Transfer mode) the Sector Count Register specifies the transfer
mechanism. The upper 5 bits define the type of transfer and the low order 3 bits encode the mode value.
PIO Default Transfer Mode
PIO Default Transfer Mode, Disable IORDY
PIO Flow Control Transfer Mode X
Multiword DMA mode x
Ultra DMA mode x
bits
bits
(7:3)
00000
00000
00001
00100
01000
(2:0)
000
001
nnn
nnn
nnn
(nnn=000,001,010,011,100)
(nnn=000,001,010)
(nnn=000,001,010,011,100)
When the Feature Register is 05h (=Enable Advanced Power Management) the Sector Count Register specifies the
Advanced Power Management level.
C0h-FEh
80h-BFh
01h-7Fh
00h, FFh
The deepest Power Saving Mode is Active Idle
The deepest Power Saving Mode is Low Power Idle
The deepest Power Saving Mode is Standby
Aborted
Note 2. If the number of auto reassigned sectors reaches the device's reassignment capacity, the write cache function will be automatically disabled. Although the device still accepts the Set Features command (with Feature register = 02h) without error, the write cache function will remain disabled. For the current write cache function status,
refer to the Identify Device Information (129 word) by the Identify Device command.
Hard reset or power off must not be done during the first 5 seconds after write command completion when write
cache is enabled.
Note 3. When the Feature register is 85h (=Disable Advanced Power Management), the deepest Power Saving
mode becomes Active Idle.
Note 4.When the Feature register is set to 10h or 90h, the value set to the Sector Count register specifies the specific Serial ATA feature to enable or disable.
When the Feature register is set to 10h or 90h, the value set to the Sector Count register specifies the specific Serial
ATA feature to enable or disable.
Sector count value
03h
06h
Device-initiated interface power state transitions
Software Settings Preservation
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
136
12.34 Set Max ADDRESS (F9h)
Table 215: Set Max ADDRESS (F9h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
V
V
V
V
1
1
6
V
V
V
V
L
1
5
V
V
V
V
1
1
4
V
V
V
V
1
3
V
V
V
V
H
1
2
V
V
V
V
H
0
Command Block Input Registers
1
V
V
V
V
H
0
0
V
B
V
V
V
H
1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - H H H
see below
0
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Set Max ADDRESS command overwrites the max LBA/CYL of the drive in a range of actual device capacities. Once the device receives this command, all accesses beyond that LBA/CYL are rejected by setting the
ABORT bit in the status register. Identify the device command and Identify the device DMA command returns the
LBA/CYL which is set via this command as a default value.
This command implement SET MAX security extension commands as subcommands. But regardless of Feature
register value, the case this command is immediately preceded by a Read Native Max ADDRESS command, it is
interpreted as a Set Max ADDRESS command.
The Read Native Max ADDRESS command should be issued and completed immediately prior to issuing the Set
Max ADDRESS command. If it is not, this command is interpreted as a Set Max security extension command
which is designated by feature register.
If Set Max security mode is in the Locked or Frozen, the Set Max ADDRESS command is aborted. For more information, see section 11.10.2 “Set Max security extension commands” on page 84.
In CHS mode LBA High and LBA Mid specify the maximum cylinder number. The Head number of DEVICE and
LBA Low are ignored. The default value (see default CHS in Identify device information) is used for that.
In LBA mode the Head number of Device, LBA High, LBA Mid and LBA Low specify the max LBA. This command sets this LBA as the max LBA of the device.
After a successful command completion, Identify Device response words (61:60) shall reflect the maximum
address set with this command.
If the 48-bit Address feature set is supported, the value placed in Identify Device response words (103:100) shall be
the same as the value placed in words (61:60). However, if the device contains greater than 268,435,455 sectors,
the capacity addressable with 28-bit commands, and the address requested is 268,435,455, the max address shall be
changed to the native maximum address, the value placed in words (61:60) shall be 268,435,455 and the value
placed in words (103:100) shall be the native maximum address.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
137
If a host protected area has been established by a Set Max Address Ext command, the device shall return command
aborted
Output parameters to the device
Feature
Destination code for this command
01h
SET MAX SET PASSWORD
02h
SET MAX LOCK
03h
SET MAX UNLOCK
04h
SET MAX FREEZE LOCK
When the Set Max ADDRESS command is executed, this register is ignored.
B
This indicates the option bit for selection whether nonvolatile or volatile. B = 0 is the volatile condition. When B = 1, MAX LBA/CYL—which is set by the Set Max ADDRESS
command—is preserved by POR and HARD RESET. When B = 0, MAX LBA/CYL—
which is set by Set Max ADDRESS command—will be lost by POR and HARD RESET.
B = 1 is not valid when the device is in Address Offset mode and the command is aborted.
LBA Low
In LBA mode, this register contains LBA bits 0 - 7 which is to be input (L=1). In CHS
mode, this register is ignored. (L=0)
LBA High/Mid
In LBA mode, this register contains LBA bits 8 - 15 (Mid), 16 - 23 (High) which is to be
set. (L=1)
In CHS mode, this register contains max cylinder number which is to be set. (L=0)
H
In LBA mode this register contains LBA bits 24–27 which are to be input. (L = 1)
In CHS mode this register is ignored. (L = 0)
L
This indicates the LBA addressing mode. L = 0 specifies the CHS mode and L=1 specifies
the LBA addressing mode.
D
This indicates the device number bit. The device number bit of the Device/Head should be
specified. D = 0 selects the master device and D = 1 selects the slave device.
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low
In LBA mode this register contains the Adjusted max. LBA bits 0–7.(L = 1)
In CHS mode this register contains the maximum LBA Low (= 63). (L = 0)
LBA High/Mid
In LBA mode this register contains the Adjusted max. LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16-23
(High). (L = 1)
In CHS mode this register contains the max cylinder number which is set. (L=0)
H
In LBA mode this register contains the Adjusted max. LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
In CHS mode this register contains the maximum head number (= 15). (L = 0)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
138
12.35 Set Max ADDRESS EXT (37h)
Table 216: Set Max ADDRESS EXT Command (37h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device
Command
Feature
7
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
6
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
5
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
4
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
3
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
Command Block Input Registers
2
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
B
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
0
ERR
V
This command is immediately preceded by a Read Native Max Address Ext command.
This command overwrites the maximum number of Address of HDD in a range of actual device capacity. Once
device receives this command, all accesses beyond that Address are rejected with setting ABORT bit in status register.
When the address requested is greater than 268,435,455, words (103:100) shall be modified to reflect the requested
value, but words (61:60) shall not modified. When the address requested is equal to or less than 268,435,455,
words (103:100) shall be modified to reflect the requested value, and words (61:60) shall also be modified.
If this command is not supported, the maximum value to be set exceeds the capacity of the device, a host protected
area has been established by a Set Max Address command, the command is not immediately preceded by a Read
Native Max Address Ext command, or the device is in the Set Max Locked or Set Max Frozen state, the device
shall return command aborted.
If the device in Address Offset mode receives this command with the nonvolatile option, the device returns aborted
error to the host.
The device returns the command aborted for a second non-volatile Set Max Address Ext command until next
power on or hardware reset.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
139
Output parameters to the device
B
Option bit for selection whether nonvolatile or volatile. B=0 is volatile condition. When
B=1, MAX Address which is set by Set Max Address Ext command is preserved by POR.
When B=0, MAX Address which is set by Set Max Address Ext command will be lost by
POR. B=1 is not valid when the device is in Address Offset mode.
LBA Low Current
Set Max LBA (7-0)
LBA Low Previous
Set Max LBA (31-24)
LBA Mid Current
Set Max LBA (15-8)
LBA Mid Previous
Set Max LBA (39-32)
LBA High Current
Set Max LBA (23-16)
LBA High Previous
Set Max LBA (47-40)
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low (HOB=0)
Set Max LBA (7-0)
LBA Low (HOB=1)
Set Max LBA (31-24)
LBA Mid (HOB=0)
Set Max LBA (15-8)
LBA Mid (HOB=1)
Set Max LBA (39-32)
LBA High (HOB=0)
Set Max LBA (23-16)
LBA High(HOB=1)
Set Max LBA (47-40)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
140
12.36 Set Multiple (C6h)
Table 217: Set Multiple command (C6h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
V
1
1
6
V
1
5
V
1
0
4
V
0
3
V
0
2
V
1
Command Block Input Registers
1
V
1
0
V
0
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Set Multiple command enables the device to perform Read and Write Multiple commands and establishes the
block size for these commands. The block size is the number of sectors to be transferred for each interrupt.
The default block size after power up or hard reset is 0. The Read Multiple and Write Multiple commands are disabled.
If an invalid block size is specified, an Abort error will be returned to the host. The Read Multiple and Write Multiple commands will be disabled.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count
This indicates the block size to be used for the Read Multiple and the Write Multiple commands. Valid block sizes can be selected from 0, 2, 4, 8 or 16. If 0 is specified, then the
Read Multiple and the Write Multiple commands are disabled.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
141
12.37 Sleep (E6h/99h)
Table 218: Sleep (E6h/99h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
1
1
6
1
5
1
1
4
0
3
0
2
1
Command Block Input Registers
1
1
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
This command is the only way to cause the device to enter Sleep Mode.
When this command is issued, the device confirms the completion of the cached write commands before it asserts
INTRQ. Then the device is spun down, and the interface becomes inactive. The only way to recover from Sleep
Mode is with a software reset or a COMRESET.
The use of hardware reset to recover from Sleep Mode may be incompatible with continued operation of the host
system.
If the device is already spun down, the spin down sequence is not executed.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
142
12.38 S.M.A.R.T. Function Set (B0h)
Table 219: S.M.A.R.T. Function Set (B0h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
V
V
0
1
1
1
6
V
V
1
1
0
5
V
V
0
0
1
1
4
V
V
0
0
1
3
V
V
1
0
0
2
V
V
1
0
0
Command Block Input Registers
1
V
V
1
1
0
0
V
V
1
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
BSY RDY
0
V
5
DF
0
4
3
2
1
0
DSC DRQ COR IDX ERR
V
0
V
The S.M.A.R.T. Function Set command provides access to the Attribute Values, the Attribute Thresholds, and
other low level subcommands that can be used for logging and reporting purposes and to accommodate special user
needs. The S.M.A.R.T. Function Set command has several separate subcommands which are selectable via the
device's Features Register when the S.M.A.R.T. Function Set command is issued by the host. In order to select a
subcommand the host must write the subcommand code to the device's Features Register before issuing the
S.M.A.R.T. Function Set command. The subcommands and their respective codes are listed below.
Code
D0h
D1h
D2h
D3h
D4h
D5h
D6h
D8h
D9h
DAh
DBh
Subcommand
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Values
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/disable Attribute Autosave
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Automatic Off-line
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
143
12.38.1 S.M.A.R.T. Function Subcommands
12.38.1.1 S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Values (subcommand D0h)
This subcommand returns the device's Attribute Values to the host. Upon receipt of the S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute
Values subcommand from the host, the device asserts BSY, saves any updated Attribute Values to the Attribute
Data sectors, asserts DRQ, clears BSY, asserts INTRQ, and then waits for the host to transfer the 512 bytes of
Attribute Value information from the device via the Data Register.
12.38.1.2 S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds (subcommand D1h)
This subcommand returns the device's Attribute Thresholds to the host. Upon receipt of the S.M.A.R.T. Read
Attribute Thresholds subcommand from the host, the device asserts BSY, reads the Attribute Thresholds from the
Attribute Threshold sectors, asserts DRQ, clears BSY, asserts INTRQ, and then waits for the host to transfer the
512 bytes of Attribute Thresholds information from the device via the Data Register.
12.38.1.3 S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave (subcommand D2h)
This subcommand enables and disables the attribute auto save feature of the device. The S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave subcommand allows the device to automatically save its updated Attribute Values to the
Attribute Data Sector at the timing of the first transition to Active idle mode and after 30 minutes after the last saving of Attribute Values. This subcommand causes the auto save feature to be disabled. The state of the Attribute
Autosave feature—either enabled or disabled—will be preserved by the device across the power cycle.
A value of 00h—written by the host into the device's Sector Count Register before issuing the S.M.A.R.T. Enable/
Disable Attribute Autosave subcommand—will cause this feature to be disabled. Disabling this feature does not
preclude the device from saving Attribute Values to the Attribute Data sectors during some other normal operation
such as during a power-up or a power-down.
A value of F1h—written by the host into the device's Sector Count Register before issuing the S.M.A.R.T. Enable/
Disable Attribute Autosave subcommand—will cause this feature to be enabled. Any other nonzero value written
by the host into this register before issuing the S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave subcommand will
not change the current Autosave status. The device will respond with the error code specified in Table 231:
“S.M.A.R.T. Error Codes” on page 160.
The S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations subcommand disables the auto save feature along with the device's S.M.A.R.T.
operations.
Upon the receipt of the subcommand from the host, the device asserts BSY, enables or disables the Autosave feature, clears BSY, and asserts INTRQ.
12.38.1.4 S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values (subcommand D3h)
This subcommand causes the device to immediately save any updated Attribute Values to the device's Attribute
Data sector regardless of the state of the Attribute Autosave feature. Upon receipt of the S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute
Values subcommand from the host, the device asserts BSY, writes any updated Attribute Values to the Attribute
Data sector, clears BSY, and asserts INTRQ.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
144
12.38.1.5 S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate (subcommand D4h)
This subcommand causes the device to immediately initiate the set of activities that collect Attribute data in an offline mode (off-line routine) or execute a self-test routine in either captive or off-line mode. The LBA Low register
shall be set to specify the operation to be executed.
LBA Low
0
1
2
3
4
127
129
130
131
132
Operation to be executed
Execute S.M.A.R.T. off-line data collection routine immediately
Execute S.M.A.R.T. Short self-test routine immediately in off-line mode
Execute S.M.A.R.T. Extended self-test routine immediately in off-line mode
Reserved
Execute SMART selective self-test routine immediately in off-line mode
Abort off-line mode self-test routine
Execute S.M.A.R.T. Short self-test routine immediately in captive mode
Execute S.M.A.R.T. Extended self-test routine immediately in captive mode
Reserved
Execute SMART selective self-test routine immediately in captive mode
Off-line mode: The device executes command completion before executing the specified routine. During execution of the routine the device will not set BSY nor clear DRDY. If the device is in the process of performing its routine and is interrupted by a new command from the host, the device will abort or suspend its routine and service the
host within two seconds after receipt of the new command. After servicing the interrupting command, the device
will resume its routine automatically or not start its routine depending on the interrupting command.
Captive mode: When executing self-test in captive mode, the device sets BSY to one and executes the specified
self-test routine after receipt of the command. At the end of the routine, the device sets the execution result in the
Self-test execution status byte (see Table 221: “Device Attribute Data Structure” on page 149) and ATA registers
and then executes the command completion. See definitions below.
Status
Error
LBA Low
LBA High
Set ERR to one when the self-test has failed
Set ABRT to one when the self-test has failed
Set to F4h when the self-test has failed
Set to 2Ch when the self-test has failed
SMART Selective self-test routine
When the value in the LBA Low register is 4 or 132, the Selective self-test routine shall be performed. This selftest routine shall include the initial tests performed by the Extended self-test routine plus a selectable read scan.
The host shall not write the Selective self-test log while the execution of a Selective self-test command is in
progress.
The user may choose to do read scan only on specific areas of the media. To do this, user shall set the test spans
desired in the Selective self-test log and set the flags in the Feature flags field of the Selective self-test log to indicate do not perform off-line scan. In this case, the test spans defined shall be read scanned in their entirety. The
Selective self-test log is updated as the self-test proceeds indicating test progress. When all specified test spans
have been completed, the test is terminated and the appropriate self-test execution status is reported in the SMART
READ DATA response depending on the occurrence of errors. Table 118 shows an example of a Selective self test
definition with three test spans defined. In this example, the test terminates when all three test spans have been
scanned.
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Table 220: Selective self-test span example
After the scan of the selected spans described above, a user may wish to have the rest of media read scanned as an
off-line scan. In this case, the user shall set the flag to enable off-line scan in addition to the other settings. If an
error occurs during the scanning of the test spans, the error is reported in the self-test execution status in the
SMART READ DATA response and the off-line scan is not executed. When the test spans defined have been
scanned, the device shall then set the offline scan pending and active flags in the Selective self-test log to one, the
span under test to a value greater than five, the self-test execution status in the SMART READ DATA response to
00h, set a value of 03h in the off-line data collection status in the SMART READ DATA response and shall proceed
to do an off-line read scan through all areas not included in the test spans. This off-line read scan shall completed as
rapidly as possible, no pauses between block reads, and any errors encountered shall not be reported to the host.
Instead error locations may be logged for future reallocation. If the device is powered-down before the off-line
scan is completed, the off-line scan shall resume when the device is again powered up. From power-up, the
resumption of the scan shall
be delayed the time indicated in the Selective self-test pending time field in the Selective self-test log. During this
delay time the pending flag shall be set to one and the active flag shall be set to zero in the Selective self-test log.
Once the time expires, the active flag shall be set to one, and the off-line scan shall resume. When the entire media
has been scanned, the off-line scan shall terminate, both the pending and active flags shall be cleared to zero, and
the off-line data collection status in the SMART READ DATA response shall be set to 02h indicating completion.
During execution of the Selective self-test, the self-test executions time byte in the Device SMART Data Structure
may be updated but the accuracy may not be exact because of the nature of the test span segments. For this reason,
the time to complete off-line testing and the self-test polling times are not valid. Progress through the test spans is
indicated in the selective self-test log.
A COMRESET or software reset shall abort the Selective self-test except when the pending bit is set to one in the
Selective self-test log (see section 13.39.6). The receipt of a SMART EXECUTE OFF-LINE IMMEDIATE command with 0Fh, Abort off-line test routine, in the LBA Low register shall abort Selective self-test regardless of
where the device is in the execution of the command. If a second self-test is issued while a selective self-test is in
progress, the selective self-test is aborted and the newly requested self-test is executed.
12.38.1.6 S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector (subcommand D5h)
This command returns the specified log sector contents to the host.
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The 512 bytes of data are returned at a command and the Sector Count value shall be set to one. The LBA Low
shall be set to specify the log sector address.
Log sector address
Content
01h
03h
07h
09h
80h-9Fh
S.M.A.R.T. Error Log
Extended Comprehensive
Extended self-test error log
Selective self-test log
Host vendor specific
Type
Read Only
Read Only
See note
Read/write
Read/Write
12.38.1.7 S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector (subcommand D6h)
This command writes 512 bytes of data to the specified log sector. The 512 bytes of data are transferred at a command and the LBA Low value shall be set to one. The LBA Low shall be set to specify the log sector address (See
Table 219: “S.M.A.R.T. Function Set (B0h)” on page 143). If a Read Only log sector is specified, the device
returns ABRT error.
12.38.1.8 S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations (subcommand D8h)
This subcommand enables access to all S.M.A.R.T. capabilities within the device. Prior to receipt of a S.M.A.R.T.
Enable Operations subcommand, Attribute Values are neither monitored nor saved by the device. The state of
S.M.A.R.T.—either enabled or disabled—will be preserved by the device across power cycles. Once enabled, the
receipt of subsequent S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations subcommands will not affect any of the Attribute Values.
Upon receipt of the S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations subcommand from the host, the device asserts BSY, enables
S.M.A.R.T. capabilities and functions, clears BSY, and asserts INTRQ.
12.38.1.9 S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations (subcommand D9h)
This subcommand disables all S.M.A.R.T. capabilities within the device including the device's attribute auto save
feature. After receipt of this subcommand the device disables all S.M.A.R.T. operations. Non self-preserved
Attribute Values will no longer be monitored. The state of S.M.A.R.T.—either enabled or disabled—is preserved
by the device across power cycles. Note that this subcommand does not preclude the device's power mode attribute
auto saving.
Upon receipt of the S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations subcommand from the host, the device asserts BSY, disables
S.M.A.R.T. capabilities and functions, clears BSY, and asserts INTRQ.
After receipt of the device of the S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations subcommand from the host, all other S.M.A.R.T.
subcommands—with the exception of S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations—are disabled, and invalid and will be
aborted by the device—including the S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations subcommand— returning the error code as
specified in Table 231: “S.M.A.R.T. Error Codes” on page 160.
Any Attribute Values accumulated and saved to volatile memory prior to receipt of the S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations command will be preserved in the device's Attribute Data Sectors. If the device is re-enabled, these Attribute
Values will be updated, as needed, upon receipt of a S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Values or a S.M.A.R.T. Save
Attribute Values command.
12.38.1.10 S.M.A.R.T. Return Status (subcommand DAh)
This subcommand is used to communicate the reliability status of the device to the host's request. Upon receipt of
the S.M.A.R.T. Return Status subcommand the device asserts BSY, saves any updated Attribute Values to the
reserved sector, and compares the updated Attribute Values to the Attribute Thresholds.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
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If the device does not detect a Threshold Exceeded Condition, or detects a Threshold Exceeded Condition but
involving attributes are advisory, the device loads 4Fh into the LBA Mid register, C2h into the LBA High register,
clears BSY, and asserts INTRQ.
If the device detects a Threshold Exceeded Condition for prefailure attributes, the device loads F4h into the LBA
Mid register, 2Ch into the LBA High register, clears BSY, and asserts INTRQ. Advisory attributes never result in a
negative reliability condition.
12.38.1.11 S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Automatic Off-line (subcommand DBh)
This subcommand enables and disables the optional feature that cause the device to perform the set of off-line data
collection activities that automatically collect attribute data in an off-line mode and then save this data to the
device's nonvolatile memory. This subcommand may either cause the device to automatically initiate or resume
performance of its off-line data collection activities or cause the automatic off-line data collection feature to be disabled. This subcommand also enables and disables the off-line read scanning feature that cause the device to perform the entire read scanning with defect reallocation as the part of the off-line data collection activities.
The Sector Count register shall be set to specify the feature to be enabled or disabled:
Sector Count
00h
01h
F8h
F9h
Feature Description
Disable Automatic Off-line
Disable Off-line Read Scanning
Enable Automatic Off-line
Enable Off-line Read Scanning
A value of zero written by the host into the device's Sector Count register before issuing this subcommand shall
cause the automatic off-line data collection feature to be disabled. Disabling this feature does not preclude the
device from saving attribute values to nonvolatile memory during some other normal operation such as during a
power-on, during a power-off sequence, or during an error recovery sequence.
A value of one written by the host into the device's Sector Count register before issuing this subcommand shall
cause the off-line read scanning feature to be disabled. The Device does not perform the off-line read scanning at
the off-line data collection activities which is initiated by the S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate (Subcommand D4h) or automatically if the off-line read scanning feature is disabled.
A value of F8h written by the host into the device's Sector Count register before issuing this subcommand shall
cause the automatic Off-line data collection feature to be enabled.
A value of F9 written by the host into the device's Sector Count register before issuing this subcommand shall
cause the off-line read scanning feature to be enabled. The Device perform the off-line read scanning at the off-line
data collection activities which is initiated by the S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate (Subcommand D4h)
even if the automatic off-line feature is disabled.
Any other non-zero value written by the host into this register before issuing this subcommand is vendor specific
and will not change the current Automatic Off-Line Data Collection and Off-line Read Scanning status. However,
the device may respond with the error code specified in Table 231: “S.M.A.R.T. Error Codes” on page 160.
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12.38.2 Device Attribute Data Structure
The following defines the 512 bytes that make up the Attribute Value information. This data structure is accessed
by the host in its entirety using the S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Values subcommand. All multibyte fields shown in
these data structures follow the ATA/ATAPI-6 specification for byte ordering, namely, that the least significant byte
occupies the lowest numbered byte address location in the field.
Table 221: Device Attribute Data Structure
Description
Data Structure Revision Number
1st Device Attribute
...
30th Device Attribute
Off-line data collection status
Self-test execution status
Total time in seconds to complete off-line data
collection activity
Current segment pointer
Off-line data collection capability
S.M.A.R.T. capability
S.M.A.R.T. device error logging capability
Self-test failure check point
Short self-test completion time in minutes
Extended self-test completion time in minutes
Reserved
Vendor specific
Data structure checksum
Byte
Offset
Format
Value
2
12
00h
02h
binary
(*1)
0010h
(*2)
12
1
1
15Eh
16Ah
16Bh
(*1)
(*1)
(*1)
(*2)
(*2)
(*2)
2
16Ch
(*1)
(*2)
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
12
125
1
512
16Eh
16Fh
170h
172h
173h
174h
175h
176h
182h
1FFh
(*1)
(*1)
(*1)
(*1)
(*1)
(*1)
(*1)
(*2)
1Bh
0003h
01h
(*2)
(*2)
(*2)
(*3)
(*3)
(*2)
(*1)
(*1) – See following definitions
(*2) – This value varies due to actual operating condition.
(*3) – Filled with 00h.
12.38.2.1 Data Structure Revision Number
The Data Structure Revision Number identifies which version of this data structure is implemented by the device.
This revision number will be set to 0005h. This revision number identifies both the Attribute Value and Attribute
Threshold Data structures.
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12.38.2.2 Individual Attribute Data Structure
The following defines the 12 bytes that make up the information for each Attribute entry in the Device Attribute
Data Structure.
Description
Attribute ID Number (01h to FFh)
Status Flags
Bit 0
Pre-Failure/Advisory
Bit 1
On-line Collection
Bit 2-5 Reserved (may be either 0 or 1)
Bit 6-15 Reserved (all 0)
Attribute Value (valid values from 01h to FEh)
00h invalid for attribute value -not to be used
01h minimum value
64h initial value for all attributes prior to
any data collection
FDh maximum value
FEh value is not valid
FFh invalid for attribute value-not to be used
Reserved (may not be 0)
Reserved (may not be 0)
Reserved (00h)
Total Bytes
Byte
Offset
Value
1
2
00h
01h
binary
bit flags
1
03h
binary
1
6
1
12
04h
05h
0Bh
binary
binary
binary
Attribute ID Numbers: Any nonzero value in the Attribute ID Number indicates an active attribute. The device
supports following Attribute ID Numbers. The names marked with (*) indicate that the corresponding Attribute
Values can be either collected on-line or off-line.
ID
0
1
2
3
4
5
7
8
9
10
12
191
192
193
194
196
197
198
199
Attribute Name
Indicates that this entry in the data structure is not used
Raw Read Error Rate (*)
Throughput Performance (*)
Spin Up Time
Start/Stop Count
Reallocated Sector Count
Seek Error Rate
Seek Time Performance (*)
Power-On Hours Count
Spin Retry Count
Device Power Cycle Count
G Sense Error Rate
Power Off Retract Count
Load/Unload Cycle Count
Device Temperature
Reallocation Event Count
Current Pending Sector Count
Off-Line Scan Uncorrectable Sector Count
Ultra DMA CRC Error Count
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Table 222: Status Flag definitions
Bit
0
1
Flag Name
Pre-Failure/
Advisory bit
Definition
If bit = 0, an Attribute Value less than or equal to its
corresponding Attribute Threshold indicates an Advisory
condition where the usage or age of the device has
exceeded its intended design life period.
If bit = 1, an Attribute Value less than or equal to its
corresponding Attribute Threshold indicates a Pre-Failure condition where imminent loss of data is being predicted.
On-Line Collective If bit = 0, the Attribute Value is updated only during
bit
Off-Line testing.
2-5 Reserved bits
6-15 Reserved bits
If bit = 1, the Attribute Value is updated during OnLine testing or during both On-Line and Off-Line testing.
May either be 0 or 1
Always 0
Normalized values: The device will perform conversion of the raw Attribute Values to transform them into normalized values which the host can then compare with the Threshold values. A Threshold is the excursion limit for
a normalized Attribute Value. In normalizing the raw data, the device will perform any necessary statistical validity
checks to ensure that an instantaneous raw value is not improperly reflected in the normalized Attribute Value (i.e.,
one read error in the first 10 reads being interpreted as exceeding the read error rate threshold when the subsequent
1 billion reads all execute without error). The end points for the normalized values for all Attributes will be 1 (01h)
at the low end and 100 (64h) at the high end for the device. For Performance and Error Rate Attributes, values
greater than 100 are also possible. The maximum value possible is 253 (FDh).
12.38.2.3 Off-Line Data Collection Status
The value of this byte defines the current status of the off-line activities of the device. Bit 7 indicates an Automatic
Off-line Data Collection Status.
Bit 7
Automatic Off-line Data Collection Status
0
Automatic Off-line Data Collection is disabled.
1
Automatic Off-line Data Collection is enabled.
Bits 0–6 represent a hexadecimal status value reported by the device.
Value
Definition
0
Off-line data collection never started.
2
All segments completed without errors. In this case the current segment pointer is equal to the total
segments required.
4
Off-line data collection is suspended by the interrupting command.
5
Off-line data collecting is aborted by the interrupting command.
6
Off-line data collection is aborted with a fatal error.
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12.38.2.4 Self-test execution status
Bit
Definition
0-3
Percent Self-test remaining. An approximation of the percent of the self-test routine remaining until
completion given in ten percent increments. Valid values are 0 through 9.
4-7
Current Self-test execution status.
0 The self-test routine completed without error or has never been run.
1 The self-test routine was aborted by the host.
2 The self-test routine was interrupted by the host with a hard or soft reset.
3 The device was unable to complete the self-test routine due to a fatal error or unknown test error.
4 The self-test routine was completed with an unknown element failure.
5 The self-test routine was completed with an electrical element failure.
6 The self-test routine was completed with a servo element failure.
7 The self-test routine was completed with a read element failure.
15 The self-test routine is in progress.
12.38.2.5 Total time in seconds to complete off-line data collection activity
This field tells the host how many seconds the device requires to complete the off-line data collection activity.
12.38.2.6 Current segment pointer
This byte is a counter indicating the next segment to execute as an off-line data collection activity. Because the
number of segments is 1, 01h is always returned in this field.
12.38.2.7 Off-line data collection capability
Bit
Definition
0
Execute Off-line Immediate implemented bit
1
2
0
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate subcommand is not implemented
1
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate subcommand is implemented
Enable/disable Automatic Off-line implemented bit
0
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/disable Automatic Off-line subcommand is not implemented
1
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/disable Automatic Off-line subcommand is implemented
Abort/restart off-line by host bit
0
The device will suspend off-line data collection activity after an interrupting command and resume
it after a vendor specific event
1
The device will abort off-line data collection activity upon receipt of a new command
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3
4
5-7
Off-line Read Scanning implemented bit
0
The device does not support Off-line Read Scanning
1
The device supports Off-line Read Scanning
Self-test implemented bit
0
Self-test routing is not implemented
1
Self-test routine is implemented
Reserved (0)
12.38.2.8 S.M.A.R.T. Capability
This word of bit flags describes the S.M.A.R.T. capabilities of the device. The device will return 03h indicating that
the device will save its Attribute Values prior to going into a power saving mode and supports the S.M.A.R.T.
ENABLE/DISABLE ATTRIBUTE AUTOSAVE command.
Bit
Definition
0
Pre-power mode attribute saving capability. If bit = 1, the device will save its Attribute Values prior to
going into a power saving mode (Standby or Sleep mode).
1
Attribute auto save capability. If bit = 1, the device supports the S.M.A.R.T. ENABLE/ DISABLE
ATTRIBUTE AUTOSAVE command.
2-15
Reserved (0)
12.38.2.9 Error logging capability
Bit
Definition
7-1
Reserved (0)
0
The Error Logging support bit. If bit = 1, the device supports the Error Logging
12.38.2.10 Self-test failure check point
This byte indicates the section of self-test where the device detected a failure.
12.38.2.11 Self-test completion time
These bytes are the minimum time in minutes to complete the self-test.
12.38.2.12 Data Structure Checksum
The Data Structure Checksum is the 2's compliment of the result of a simple 8-bit addition of the first 511 bytes in
the data structure.
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12.38.3 Device Attribute Thresholds data structure
The following defines the 512 bytes that make up the Attribute Threshold information. This data structure is
accessed by the host in its entirety using the S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds. All multibyte fields shown in
these data structures follow the ATA/ATAPI-6 specification for byte ordering, that is, that the least significant byte
occupies the lowest numbered byte address location in the field.
The sequence of active Attribute Thresholds will appear in the same order as their corresponding Attribute Values.
Table 223: Device Attribute Thresholds Data Structure
Description
Byte
Offset
Format
Value
Data Structure Revision Number
1st Device Attribute
...
...
30th Device Attribute
Reserved
Vendor specific
Data structure checksum
2
12
..
..
12
18
131
1
512
00h
02h
binary
(*1)
0010h
(*2)
15Eh
16Ah
17Ch
1FFh
(*1)
(*2)
(*3)
(*3)
(*2)
(*1) – See the following definitions
(*2) – Value varies by actual operating condition
(*3) – Filled with 00h
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12.38.4 S.M.A.R.T Log Directory
Table 121 defines the 512 bytes that make up the S.M.A.R.T Log Directory. The S.M.A.R.T Log Directory is on
S.M.A.R.T Log Address zero and is defined as one sector long.
Table 224: S.M.A.R.T. Log Director
Description
Bytes
Offset
S.M.A.R.T. Logging Version
2
01h
Number of sectors in the log at log address 1
1
02h
Reserved
1
03H
Number of sectors in the log at log address 2
1
04H
Reserved
1
05h
...
...
Number of sectors in the log at log address 255
1
...
1FEh
512
12.38.4.1 Data Structure Revision Number
This value is the same as the value used in the Device Attributes Values Data Structure.
12.38.4.2 Individual Thresholds Data Structure
The following defines the 12 bytes that make up the information for each Threshold entry in the Device Attribute
Thresholds Data Structure. Attribute entries in the Individual Threshold Data Structure are in the same order and
correspond to the entries in the Individual Attribute Data Structure.
Table 225: Individual Threshold Data Structure
Description
Attribute ID Number (01h to FFh)
Attribute Threshold (for comparison with
Attribute Values from 00h to FFh)
00h - "always passing" threshold value to
be used for code test purposes
01h - minimum value for normal operation
FDh - maximum value for normal operation
FEh - invalid for threshold value
FFh - "always failing" threshold value to
be used for code test purposes
Reserved (00h)
Total Bytes
Byte
Offset
Format
1
00h
binary
1
01h
binary
10
12
02h
binary
12.38.4.3 Attribute ID Numbers
Attribute ID Numbers supported by the device are the same as Attribute Values Data Structures.
12.38.4.4 Attribute Threshold
These values are preset at the factory and are not meant to be changeable. However, the host might use the
"S.M.A.R.T. Write Attribute Threshold" subcommand to override these preset values in the Threshold sectors.
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12.38.4.5 Data Structure Checksum
The Data Structure Checksum is the 2’s compliment of the result of simple 8-but addition of the first 511 bytes in
the data structure.
12.38.5 S.M.A.R.T. error log sector
The following defines the 512 bytes that make up the S.M.A.R.T. error log sector. All multibyte fields shown in
these data structures follow the ATA/ATAPI-6 specifications for byte ordering.
Description
Byte
Offset
S.M.A.R.T. error log version
Error log pointer
1st error log data structure
2nd error log data structure
3rd error log data structure
4th error log data structure
5th error log data structure
Device error count
Reserved
Data structure checksum
1
1
90
90
90
90
90
2
57
1
512
00h
01h
02h
5Ch
B6h
110h
16Ah
1C4h
1C6h
1FFh
12.38.5.1 S.M.A.R.T. error log version
This value is set to 01h.
12.38.5.2 Error log pointer
This points to the most recent error log data structure. Only values 1 through 5 are valid.
12.38.5.3 Device error count
This field contains the total number of errors. The value will not roll over.
12.38.5.4 Error log data structure
The data format of each error log structure is shown below.
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Table 226: Command data structure.
Description
1st command data structure
2nd command data structure
3rd command data structure
4th command data structure
5th command data structure
Error data structure
Byte
Offset
12
12
12
12
12
30
90
00h
0Ch
18h
24h
30h
3Ch
Byte
Offset
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
4
08h
Table 227: Command data structure
Description
Device Control register
Features register
Sector count register
LBA Low register
LBA Mid register
LBA High register
Device register
Command register
Time stamp (milliseconds from
Power On)
12
Table 228: Error data structure
Description
Reserved
Error register
Sector count register
LBA Low register
LBA Mid register
LBA High register
Device register
Status register
Extended error data (vendor specific)
State
Life time stamp (hours)
Byte
Offset
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
19
08h
1
2
30
1Bh
1Ch
State field contains a value indicating the device state when command was issued to the device.
Value
x0h
State
Unknown
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x1h
x2h
x3h
x4h
x5h-xAh
xBh-xFh
Sleep
Standby
Active/Idle
S.M.A.R.T. Off-line or Self-test
Reserved
Vendor specific
Note: The value of x is vendor specific
12.38.6 Self-test log data structure
The following defines the 512 bytes that make up the Self-test log sector. All multibyte fields shown in these data
structures follow the ATA/ATAPI-6 specifications for byte ordering.
Table 229: Self-test log data structure
Description
Data structure revision
Self-test number
Self-test execution status
Life time power on hours
Self-test failure check point
LBA of first failure
Vendor specific
...
Vendor specific
Self-test log pointer
Reserved
Data structure checksum
Byte
Offset
2
1
1
2
1
4
15
00h
n*18h+02h
n*18h+03h
n*18h+04h
n*18h+06h
n*18h+07h
n*18h+08h
2
1
2
1
512
1FAh
1FCh
1FDh
1FFh
Note: N is 0 through 20
The data structure contains the descriptor of the Self-test that the device has performed. Each descriptor is 24 bytes
long and the self-test data structure is capable to contain up to 21 descriptors.
After 21 descriptors has been recorded, the oldest descriptor will be overwritten with the new descriptor.
The self-test log pointer points to the most recent descriptor. When there is no descriptor, the value is 0. When there
are descriptor(s), the value is 1 through 21.
12.38.7 Selective self-test log data structure
The Selective self-test log is a log that may be both written and read by the host. This log allows the host to select
the parameters for the self-test and to monitor the progress of the self-test. The following table defines the contents
of the Selective self-test log which is 512 bytes long. All multi-byte fields shown in these data structures follow the
specifications for byte ordering.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
158
Table 230: Selective self-test log
Description
Bytes
Offset
Read/Write
Data structure revision
2
00h
R/W
Starting LBA for test span 1
8
02h
R/W
Ending LBA for test span 1
8
0Ah
R/W
Starting LBA for test span 2
8
12A
R/W
Ending LBA for test span 2
8
1Ah
R/W
Starting LBA for test span 3
8
22h
R/W
Ending LBA for test span 3
8
2Ah
R/W
Starting LBA for test span 4
8
32h
R/W
Ending LBA for test span 4
8
3Ah
R/W
Starting LBA for test span 5
8
42h
R/W
Ending LBA for test span 5
8
4Ah
R/W
Reserved
256
52h
Reserved
Vendor specific
154
152h
Vendor specific
Current LBA under test
8
1ECh
Read
Current span under test
2
1F4h
Read
Feature flags
2
1F6
R/W
Vendor specific
4
1F8h
Vendor specific
Selective self test pending time
2
1FCh
R/W
Reserved
1
1FEh
Reserved
Data structure checksum
1
1FFh
R/W
512
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
159
12.38.8 Error reporting
The following table shows the values returned in the Status and Error Registers when specific error conditions are
encountered by a device.
Table 231: S.M.A.R.T. Error Codes
Error condition
Status Register
Error Register
51h
04h
51h
04h
51h
04h
51h
10h or 40h
51h
10h or 01h
A S.M.A.R.T. FUNCTION SET command was received by the
device without the required key being loaded into the
LBA High and LBA Mid registers.
A S.M.A.R.T. FUNCTION SET command was received by the
device with a subcommand value in the Features Register that is either invalid or not supported by this
device.
A S.M.A.R.T. FUNCTION SET command subcommand other
than S.M.A.R.T. ENABLE OPERATIONS was received by the
device while the device was in a "S.M.A.R.T. Disabled"
state.
The device is unable to read its Attribute Values or
Attribute Thresholds data structure
The device is unable to write to its Attribute Values
data structure.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
160
12.39 Standby (E2h/96h)
Table 232: Standby (E2h/96h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 D - - - 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Standby command causes the device to enter the Standby Mode immediately and to set the auto power down
time-out parameter (standby timer).
When this command is issued, the device confirms the completion of the cached write commands before it asserts
the INTRQ. Following the INTRQ the interface remains active and the device is spun down. If the device is
already spun down, the spin down sequence is not executed.
During the Standby mode the device will respond to commands, however there will be a delay while waiting for
the spindle to reach operating speed.
The timer starts counting down when the device returns to Idle mode.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count The Time-out Parameter. If it is zero, the time-out interval (Standby Timer) is disabled. If it is other
than zero the time-out interval is set for (Time-out Parameter × 5) seconds.
When the automatic power down sequence is enabled, the device will enter the Standby mode
automatically if the time-out interval expires with no device access from the host. The time-out
interval will be reinitialized if there is a device access before the time-out interval expires.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
161
12.40 Standby Immediate (E0h/94h)
Table 233: Standby Immediate (E0h/94h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Standby Immediate command causes the device to enter the Standby mode immediately.
When this command is issued, the device confirms the completion of the cached write commands before it asserts
the INTRQ. Following the INTRQ the interface remains active and the device is spun down. If the device is
already spun down, the spin down sequence is not executed.
During the Standby mode the device will respond to commands, however there will be a delay while waiting for
the spindle to reach operating speed.
The Standby Immediate command will not affect the auto power down time-out parameter.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
162
12.41 Write Buffer (E8h)
Table 234: Write Buffer (E8h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
1
1
6
1
5
1
1
4
0
3
1
2
0
Command Block Input Registers
1
0
0
0
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
0
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
0
-
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Write Buffer command transfers a sector of data from the host to the sector buffer of the device. The sectors of
data are transferred through the Data Register 16 bits at a time.
The Read Buffer and Write Buffer commands are synchronized such that sequential Write Buffer and Read Buffer
commands access the same 512 byte within the buffer.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
163
12.42 Write DMA (CAh/CBh)
Table 235: Write DMA (CAh/CBh)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
V
V
V
V
1
1
6
V
V
V
V
L
1
5
V
V
V
V
1
0
4
V
V
V
V
0
3
V
V
V
V
H
1
2
V
V
V
V
H
0
Command Block Input Registers
1
V
V
V
V
H
1
0
V
V
V
V
H
R
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
V
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6
- see
V V
V V
V V
V V
- see
5 4 3
- - below
V V V
V V V
V V V
V V V
- - H
below
2 1 0
- - V
V
V
V
H
V
V
V
V
H
V
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
V
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Write DMA command transfers one or more sectors of data from the host to the device and then the data is
written to the disk media.
The sectors of data are transferred through the Data Register16 bits at a time.
The host initializes a slave-DMA channel prior to issuing the command. Data transfers are qualified by DMARQ
and are performed by the slave-DMA channel. The device issues only one interrupt per command to indicate that
data transfer has terminated and status is available.
If an uncorrectable error occurs, the write will be terminated at the failing sector.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of continuous sectors to be transferred. If zero is specified, then
256 sectors will be transferred.
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)In LBA mode
this register contains the LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
LBA High/Mid
This indicates number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23 (High). (L=
1)
H
This indicates the head number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
R
This indicates the retry bit, but this bit is ignored.
Input parameters from the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of requested sectors not transferred. The Sector Count will be
zero unless an unrecoverable error occurs.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
164
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
LBA High/Mid
This indicates the cylinder number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23
(High). (L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
165
12.43 Write DMA EXT (35h)
Table 236: Write DMA (35h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device
Command
Feature
7
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
6
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
5
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
4
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
3
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
Command Block Input Registers
2
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
0
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
V
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Write DMA Ext command transfers one or more sectors of data from the host to the device, then the data is
written to the disk media.
The sectors of data are transferred through the Data Register 16 bits at a time.
The host initializes a slave-DMA channel prior to issuing the command. Data transfers are qualified by DMARQ
and are performed by the slave-DMA channel. The device issues only one interrupt per command to indicate that
data transfer has terminated and status is available.
If an uncorrectable error occurs, the write will be terminated at the failing sector.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count Current The number of continuous sectors to be transferred low order, bits (7-0).
Sector Count Previous The number of continuous sectors to be transferred high order bits (15:8). If zero is specified in the Sector Count register, then 65,536 sectors will be transferred.
LBA Low Current
LBA (7-0)
LBA Low Previous
LBA (31-24)
LBA Mid Current
LBA (15-8)
LBA Mid Previous
LBA (39-32)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
166
LBA High Current
LBA (23-16)
LBA High Previous
LBA (47-40)
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low (HOB=0)
LBA (7-0) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Low (HOB=1)
LBA (31-24) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=0)
LBA (15-8) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=1)
LBA (39-32) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High (HOB=0)
LBA (23-16) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High(HOB=1)
LBA (47-40) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
167
12.44 Write Log Ext (3Fh)
Table 237: Write Log Ext command
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device
Command
Feature
7
V
V
V
V
V
0
6
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
5
V
V
V
V
V
1
4
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
3
V
V
V
V
V
0
Command Block Input Registers
2
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
V
V
V
V
V
0
0
V
V
V
V
V
1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
V
V
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - V - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count Current The number of sectors to be written to the specified log low order, bit (7:0).
Sector Count Previous The number of sectors to be written to the specified log high orders, bits (15:8). If the
number of sectors is greater than the number indicated in the Log directory, which is available in Log number zero, the device shall return command aborted. The log transferred to
the device shall be stored by the device starting at the first sector in the specified log.
Sector Number Current The log to be written as described in Figure 51 Log address definition. If the host
attempts to write to a read only log address, the device shall return command aborted.
Cylinder Low CurrentThe first sector of the log to be written low order, bits (7-0)
LBA Low Previous
The first sector of the log to be written high order, buts (15:8)
If the feature set associated with the log specified in the Sector Number register is not supported or enabled, or if
the values in the Sector Count, Sector Number or Cylinder Low registers are invalid, the device shall return command aborted. If the host attempts to write to a read only log address, the device shall return command aborted.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
168
12.45 Write Long (32h/33h)
Table 238: Write Long (32h/33h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
0
V
V
V
1
0
6
0
V
V
V
L
0
5
0
V
V
V
1
1
4
0
V
V
V
1
1
3
0
V
V
V
H
0
2
0
V
V
V
H
0
Command Block Input Registers
1
0
V
V
V
H
1
0
1
V
V
V
H
R
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
- - - - - - V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - H H H
see below
0
V
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
V
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Write Long command transfers the data and the ECC bytes of the designated one sector from the host to the
device, then the data and the ECC bytes are written to the disk media.
After 512 bytes of data have been transferred, the device will keep setting DRQ = 1 to indicate that the device is
ready to receive the ECC bytes from the host. The data is transferred 16 bits at a time and the ECC bytes are transferred 8 bits at a time. The number of ECC bytes are either 4 or 51 according to setting of the Set Feature option.
The default number after power on is 4 bytes.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of continuous sectors to be transferred. The Sector Count must
be set to one.
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
LBA High/Mid
This indicates the cylinder number of the sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23 (High)
(L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
R
The retry bit, but this bit is ignored.
Input parameters from the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of requested sectors not transferred.
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
169
LBA High/Mid
This indicates the cylinder number of the sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains current the LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23
(High). (L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains current the LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
The drive internally uses 51 bytes of ECC on all data read or writes. The 4-byte mode of operation is provided via
an emulation technique. As a consequence of this emulation it is recommended that 51 byte ECC mode is used for
all tests to confirm the operation of the ECC hardware of the drive. Unexpected results may occur if such testing is
performed using 4-byte mode.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
170
12.46 Write Multiple (C5h)
Table 239: Write Multiple (C5h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7
V
V
V
V
1
1
6
V
V
V
V
L
1
5
V
V
V
V
1
0
4
V
V
V
V
0
3
V
V
V
V
H
0
2
V
V
V
V
H
1
Command Block Input Registers
1
V
V
V
V
H
0
0
V
V
V
V
H
1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- - - - - - see below
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V
- - - - H H H
see below
0
V
V
V
V
H
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
V
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Write Multiple command transfers one or more sectors from the host to the device. The data is then written to
the disk media.
Command execution is identical to the Write Sectors command except that an interrupt is generated for each block
as defined by the Set Multiple command instead of for each sector. The sectors are transferred through the Data
Register 16 bits at a time.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA High/MId
H
This indicates the number of continuous sectors to be transferred. If the Sector Count of
zero is specified, 256 sectors will be transferred.
This indicates the sector number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
This indicates the cylinder number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23(High).(L = 1)
This indicates the head number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
Input parameters from the device
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA High/Mid
H
This indicates the number of requested sectors not transferred. The Sector Count will be
zero, unless an unrecoverable error occurs.
This indicates the sector number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains current the LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
This indicates the cylinder number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23
(High). (L = 1)
This indicates the head number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains current the LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
171
12.47 Write Multiple EXT (39h)
Table 240: Write Multiple EXT (39h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device
Command
Feature
7
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
6
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
5
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
4
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
3
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
Command Block Input Registers
2
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
1
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
0
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Write Multiple Ext command transfers one or more sectors from the host to the device, then the data is written
to the disk media.
Command execution is identical to the Write Sector(s) Ext command except that an interrupt is generated for each
block (as defined by the Set Multiple command) instead of for each sector. The sectors are transferred through the
Data Register 16 bits at a time.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count Current The number of continuous sectors to be transferred low order, bits (7-0).
Sector Count Previous The number of continuous sectors to be transferred high order bits (15-8). If zero is specified in the Sector Count register, then 65,536 sectors will be transferred.
LBA Low Current
LBA (7-0)
LBA Low Previous
LBA (31-24)
LBA Mid Current
LBA (15-8)
LBA Mid Previous
LBA (39-32)
LBA High Current
LBA (23-16)
LBA High Previous
LBA (47-40)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
172
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low (HOB=0)
LBA (7-0) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Low (HOB=1)
LBA (31-24) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=0)
LBA (15-8) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=1)
LBA (39-32) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High (HOB=0)
LBA (23-16) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High(HOB=1)
LBA (47-40) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
173
12.48 Write Sectors (30h/31h)
Table 241: Write Sectors Command (30h/31h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data
Feature
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Command
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
1 L 1 - H H H H
0 0 1 1 0 0 0 R
Command Block Input Registers
Register
Data
Error
Sector Count
LBA Low
LBA Mid
LBA High
Device
Status
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - see below
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
- - - - H H H H
see below
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
V
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Write Sectors command transfers one or more sectors from the host to the device. The data is then written to
the disk media.
The sectors are transferred through the Data Register 16 bits at a time.
If an uncorrectable error occurs, the write will be terminated at the failing sector, when the auto reassign function is
disable.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of continuous sectors to be transferred. If the Sector Count of
zero is specified, 256 sectors will be transferred.
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
LBA High/Mid
This indicates the cylinder number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23 (High)
(L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the first sector to be transferred. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
R
This indicates the retry bit; this bit is ignored.
Input parameters from the device
Sector Count
This indicates the number of requested sectors not transferred. The Sector Count will be
zero unless an unrecoverable error occurs.
LBA Low
This indicates the sector number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 0–7. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
174
LBA High/Mid
This indicates the cylinder number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 8–15 (Mid) and bits 16–23
(High). (L = 1)
H
This indicates the head number of the last transferred sector. (L = 0)
In LBA mode this register contains the current LBA bits 24–27. (L = 1)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
175
12.49 Write Sectors(s) EXT (34h)
Table 242: Write Sector(s) EXT Command (34h)
Command Block Output Registers
Register
Data Low
Data High
Current
Previous
Current
Sector
Count
Previous
Current
LBA Low
Previous
Current
LBA Mid
Previous
Current
LBA High
Previous
Device
Command
Feature
7
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
6
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
0
5
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
4
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
3
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
Command Block Input Registers
2
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
1
1
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
0
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
0
Register
Data Low
Data High
Error
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - see below
HOB=0
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Low
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA Mid
HOB=1
HOB=0
LBA High
HOB=1
Device
Status
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V V V V V V V V
V - - - - - - See below ...
Sector
Count
Error Register
7
6
CRC UNC
0
0
5
0
0
4
IDN
V
3
0
0
2
1
0
ABT T0N AMN
V
0
0
Status Register
7
6
5
4
3
BSY RDY DF DSC DRQ
0
V
0
V
-
2
1
COR IDX
0
-
0
ERR
V
The Write Sector(s) Ext command transfers one or more sectors from the host to the device, then the data is written
to the disk media.
The sectors are transferred through the Data Register 16 bits at a time.
If an uncorrectable error occurs, the write will be terminated at the failing sector.
Output parameters to the device
Sector Count Current The number of continuous sectors to be transferred low order, bits (7-0).
Sector Count Previous The number of continuous sectors to be transferred high order bits (15-8). If zero is specified in the Sector Count register, then 65,536 sectors will be transferred.
LBA Low Current
LBA (7-0)
LBA Low Previous
LBA (31-24)
LBA Mid Current
LBA (15-8)
LBA Mid Previous
LBA (39-32)
LBA High Current
LBA (23-16)
LBA High Previous
LBA (47-40)
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
176
Input parameters from the device
LBA Low (HOB=0)
LBA (7-0) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Low (HOB=1)
LBA (31-24) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=0)
LBA (15-8) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA Mid (HOB=1)
LBA (39-32) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High (HOB=0)
LBA (23-16) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
LBA High(HOB=1)
LBA (47-40) of the address of the first unrecoverable error
12.50 Write Verify (3Ch: vendor specific)
In the implementation of the drive the Write Verify command is exactly the same as the Write Sectors
command (30h). Read verification is not performed after the write operation. Refer to 12.48, “Write Sectors (30h/
31h)” on page 174.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
177
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
178
13.0 Timings
The timing of BSY and DRQ in Status Register are shown in the table below.
Table 243: Time-out values
FUNCTION
INTERVAL
START
STOP
TIME-OUT
Power On and
COMRESET
Device Busy
After Power
On
Devince Ready After
Power On
Power on and COMRESET
The Device sets BSY
(=0) and RDY (=1) to
the Register and
requests to send the
Register FIS to the
Host.
31 sec
Software
Reset
Device Busy
Device Control Register
RST=1 and sends the
Register FIS to the
Device.
The Host Adapter sets
BSY(=1) to the Status
Register.
400 ns
Device Ready After
Software Reset
Device Control Register
RST=0 and sends a
Register FIS to the
Device. After RST=1
and sends a Register
FIS to the Device.
Status Register
BSY=0 and RDY=1 and
requests to send a Register FIS to the host.
31 sec
Device Ready
COMRESET Signal
31 sec
After COMRESET
Asserted
Status Register
BSY=0 and RDY=1 and
sends a Register FIS to
the Host.
Device Busy
Sets proper values in
the registers and sends
a Register FIS.
Status Register BSY=1
400 ns
Status Register BSY=1
Status Register. BSY=0
and DRQ=1 and sends
a PIO Setup FIS to the
host.
30 sec
After Software Reset
COMRESET
Data In Command
After a register FIS to
issue a Command.
PIO Setup FIS for datain transfer
Command category is referred to in section 11.0, "Command protocol" on page 69.
The abbreviations "ns", "µs", "ms," and "sec" mean nanoseconds, microseconds, milliseconds, and seconds, respectively.
If the host detects a time-out while waiting for a response from the device, we recommend that the host
system execute a Soft reset and then retry the command.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
179
FUNCTION
Data Out Command
INTERVAL
START
STOP
TIMEOUT
Sets proper values in
the registers and sends
a Register FIS
Status Register BSY=1
400 ns
Sends a Data FIS to the
device.
Status Register BSY=1
5 us
PIO SETUP FIS for
data-out transfer
Status Register BSY=1
Status Register BSY=0
and RDY=1 and sends
a PIO Setup FIS to the
host.
30 sec
Device Busy
Sets proper values in
the registers and sends
a Register FIS
Status Register BSY=1
400 ns
A Register FIS to report
Command Complete
Status Register BSY=1
Sets the Status of the
command to the Status
Register and sends a
Register FIS to the host
30 sec
Device Busy
After a Register FIS to
issue a command
Sets proper values in
the registers and sends
a Register FIS
Status Register BSY=1
400 ns
Device Busy
After the register FIS for
Command.
Device Busy
After Data Transfer Out
Non-Data
Command
After a Register FIS to
issue a command
DMA Data
Transfer Command
Command category is referred to 11.0, "Command Protocol."
The abbreviations "ns", "us", "ms" and "sec" mean nanoseconds, microseconds, milliseconds and
seconds, respectively.
We recommend that the host system executes Soft reset and then retries to issue the command if
the host system timeout would occur for the device.
Note.1 For SECURITY ERASE UNIT command, the execution time is referred to "7.27 Security
Erase Unit (F4h)" on page 106.
Note.2 FORMAT UNIT command, the execution time is referred to "7.7 Format Unit (F7h: Vendor Specific)" on page 66.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
180
14.0 Appendix
14.1 Commands Support Coverage
The table below compares the command support coverage of the HTE5410XXG9SA00 command support
coverage comparing to the ATA-6 defined command set. The column “Implementation” indicates the capability of the HTE5410XXG9SA00 for those commands.
Table 244: Command coverage (1 of 2)
Code
Command Name
Implementation for
Travelstar E5K100
ATA-6 Category
Type
00h
NOP
No
Optional
03h
CFA REQUEST EXTENDED ERROR CODE
No
Optional (Note 7)
08h
DEVICE RESET
No
Optional (Note 7)
1xh
RECALIBRATE
Yes
Obsoleted
20h
READ SECTOR(S)
Yes
Mandatory
21h
READ SECTOR(S)
Yes
Obsoleted
24h
READ SECTOR(S) EXT
Yes
Optional
22h
READ LONG
Yes
Obsoleted
23h
READ LONG
Yes
Obsoleted
30h
WRITE SECTOR(S)
Yes
Mandatory
31h
WRITE SECTOR(S)
Yes
Obsoleted
32h
WRITE LONG
Yes
Obsoleted
33h
WRITE LONG
Yes
Obsoleted
38h
CFA TRANSLATE SECTORS W/O ERASE
No
Optional (Note 7)
3Ch
WRITE VERIFY (2)
Vendor specific
Obsoleted
40h
READ VERIFY SECTOR(S)
Yes
Mandatory
41h
READ VERIFY SECTOR(S)
Yes
Obsoleted
50h
FORMAT TRACK
Yes
Obsoleted
7xh
SEEK
Yes
Mandatory
87h
CFA TRANSLATE SECTORS
No
Optional
90h
EXECUTE DEVICE DIAGNOSTIC
Yes
Mandatory
91h
INITIALIZE DEVICE PARAMETERS
Yes
Mandatory
92h
DOWNLOAD MICROCODE
Reserved
Optional
94h-99h
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
A0h
PACKET
No
Not to be used
A1h
IDENTIFY PACKET DEVICE
No
Not to be used
A2H
SERVICE
No
Not to be used
B0h
S.M.A.R.T. FUNCTION SET
Yes
Optional (Note 5)
C0h
CFA ERASE SECTORS
No
Optional
C4h
READ MULTIPLE
Yes
Mandatory
C5h
WRITE MULTIPLE
Yes
Mandatory
C6h
SET MULTIPLE MODE
Yes
Mandatory
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
181
Table 244: Command coverage (1 of 2)
Code
Command Name
Implementation for
Travelstar E5K100
ATA-6 Category
Type
C7h
READ DMA QUEUED
No
Optional
C8h
READ DMA
Yes
Mandatory
C9h
READ DMA
Yes
Obsoleted
CAh
WRITE DMA
Yes
CBh
WRITE DMA
Yes
Obsoleted
CCh
WRITE DMA QUEUED
No
Optional
CDh
CFA WRITE MULTIPLE W/O ERASE
No
Optional (Note 7)
DAh
GET MEDIA STATUS
No
Optional (Note 7)
Mandatory
DEh
MEDIA LOCK
No
Optional (Note 7)
DFh
MEDIA UNLOCK
No
Optional (Note 7)
E0h
STANDBY IMMEDIATE
Yes
Mandatory
E1h
IDLE IMMEDIATE
Yes
Mandatory
E2h
STANDBY
Yes
Mandatory
E3h
IDLE
Yes
Mandatory
E4h
READ BUFFER
Yes
Optional
E5h
CHECK POWER MODE
Yes
Mandatory
E6h
SLEEP
Yes
Mandatory
E7h
FLUSH CACHE
Yes
Mandatory
E8h
WRITE BUFFER
Yes
Optional
ECh
IDENTIFY DEVICE
Yes
Mandatory
EDh
MEDIA EJECT
No
Optional (Note 7)
EEh
IDENTIFY DEVICE DMA
No
Obsoleted
EFh
SET FEATURES
Yes
Mandatory
F0h
SENSE CONDITION
Vendor specific
Vendor specific
F1h
SECURITY SET PASSWORD
Yes
Optional (Note 6)
F2h
SECURITY UNLOCK
Yes
Optional (Note 6)
F3h
SECURITY ERASE PREPARE
Yes
Optional (Note 6)
F4h
SECURITY ERASE UNIT
Yes
Optional (Note 6)
F5h
SECURITY FREEZE LOCK
Yes
Optional (Note 6)
F6h
SECURITY DISABLE PASSWORD
Yes
Optional (Note 6)
F7h
FORMAT UNIT
Vendor specific
Vendor specific
F8h
READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS
Yes
Optional
F9h
FB-FFh
Yes
Optional
Vendor specific
SET MAX ADDRESS
Reserved
Vendor specific
Reserved: all remaining codes
Reserved
Reserved
Note 1. These commands have two command codes and appear in this table twice, once for each command
code.
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
182
Note 2. The WRITE VERIFY command implemented vendor specific. The operation is the same as
WRITE SECTORS and verification is not performed.
Note 3. Protected Area Feature Set
Note 4. Power Management Feature Set
Note 5. S.M.A.R.T. Function Set
Note 6. Security Mode Feature Set
Note 7. Removable
14.2 SET FEATURES Commands Support Coverage
The following table provides a list of Feature Registers, Feature Names, and implementation for the
HTE5410XXG9SA00. The third column indicates whether or not the HTE5410XXG9SA00 has the
capability of executing the command in comparison to the ATA-6 defined command set. For detailed
operation, refer to section 13.33, “Set Features (EFh)”, on page 152.
Table 245: SET FEATURES command coverage
Features
Register
Features Name
Implementation for
Travelstar E5K100
02h
Enable write cache
Yes
03h
Set transfer mode
Yes
05h
Enable Advanced Power Management
Yes
06h
Enable Power-Up in Standby feature set
Yes
07h
Power-Up in Standby device spin-up
Yes
10h
Enable use of Serial ATA feature
Yes
31h
Disable Media Status Notification
No
42h
Enable Automatic Acoustic Management
Yes
44h
Set vendor specific bytes ECC
Yes
55h
Disable read look-ahead feature
Yes
5Dh
Enable release interrupt
No
5Eh
Enable SERVICE interrupt
No
66h
Disable reverting to power on defaults
Yes
82h
Disable write cache
Yes
85h
Disable Advanced Power Management
Yes
86h
Disable Power-Up in Standby
Yes
90h
Disable use of Serial ATA feature
Yes
95h
Enable Media Status Notification
No
AAh
Enable read look-ahead feature
Yes
BBh
Set 4 bytes ECC
Yes
C2h
Disable Automatic Acoustic Management
Yes
CCh
Enable reverting to power on defaults
Yes
DDh
Disable release interrupt
No
DEh
Disable SERVICE interrupt
No
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
183
Table 245: SET FEATURES command coverage
Features
Register
others
Features Name
Reserved
Implementation for
Travelstar E5K100
Reserved
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
184
14.3 Changes from the Travelstar 4K40
The changes between the Travelstar E5K100 and the Travelstar 4K40 are listed below:
• Identify device information data
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
185
Travelstar E5K100 (Serial ATA) Hard Disk Drive Specification
186
Index
A
Abbreviations.............................................................................................................1
Acoustics....................................................................................................................32
Actuator .....................................................................................................................9
Advanced Power Management (ABLE-3) feature.....................................................54
Appendix....................................................................................................................181
B
BSMI mark ................................................................................................................35
C
Cable noise interference.............................................................................................27
Capacity, formatted....................................................................................................11
Caution.......................................................................................................................3
CE mark .....................................................................................................................34
Check Power Mode....................................................................................................77
Command descriptions ..............................................................................................73
Command overhead ...................................................................................................15
Command protocol ....................................................................................................69
Command table .........................................................................................................61
Commands Support Coverage ..................................................................................181
Connector location ....................................................................................................37
Connector locations ..................................................................................................30
Control electronics ....................................................................................................9
Corrosion test ............................................................................................................24
CSA approval ............................................................................................................33
C-TICK mark ............................................................................................................34
Cylinder allocation ....................................................................................................13
Cylinders/heads/sectors by model ............................................................................96
D
Data In commands ....................................................................................................69
Data Out Commands .................................................................................................70
Data Reliability .........................................................................................................27
Data sheet ..................................................................................................................11, 12
Data transfer speed ....................................................................................................17
DC power requirements ............................................................................................24
Deviations from standard ..........................................................................................41
Device Configuration Overlay ..................................................................................78
Device/Head Register ...............................................................................................46
DMA data in commands ...........................................................................................71
DMA Data Transfer commands ................................................................................71
Drive characteristics .................................................................................................11
Drive ready time .......................................................................................................17
E
Electrical interface ....................................................................................................37
Electromagnetic compatibility ..................................................................................33, 34
Environment ..............................................................................................................23
Execute Device Diagnostic .......................................................................................82
F
Fixed-disk subsystem ................................................................................................9
Flammability .............................................................................................................33
Flush Cache ...............................................................................................................83
Format Track .............................................................................................................85
Format Unit ...............................................................................................................86
Functional specification ............................................................................................7
G
General ......................................................................................................................1, 41
General features ........................................................................................................5
General operation ......................................................................................................49
H
Head disk assembly data ...........................................................................................9
Heads unload .............................................................................................................30
Humidity ...................................................................................................................23
I
Identification labels ...................................................................................................33
Identify Device .........................................................................................................87
Idle ............................................................................................................................97
Idle Immediate ..........................................................................................................98
L
Labels, Identification ................................................................................................33
Latency, average .......................................................................................................17
Load/unload ..............................................................................................................28
M
Mechanical positioning .............................................................................................15
Mechanical specifications .........................................................................................29
Mode transition time .................................................................................................18
Mounting hole locations ...........................................................................................29
Mounting orientation ................................................................................................30
N
Non-data commands .................................................................................................71
O
Operating modes description ....................................................................................17
Operating shock ........................................................................................................31
Operating vibration ...................................................................................................30
P
Packaging ..................................................................................................................35
Performance characteristics ......................................................................................15
Physical dimensions ..................................................................................................29
PIO Data In commands .............................................................................................69
Power management commands ................................................................................53
Power management features .....................................................................................52
Power Management Mode (Slumber and Partial) .....................................................52
Protected Area Function ...........................................................................................62
R
Read Buffer ...............................................................................................................100
Read DMA ................................................................................................................101
Read DMA EXT .......................................................................................................103
Read Long .................................................................................................................108
Read Native Max ADDRESS ...................................................................................116
Read Sectors .............................................................................................................118
Read Verify Sectors ..................................................................................................121
Recalibrate ................................................................................................................125
References .................................................................................................................1
Register initialization ................................................................................................50
Register set ................................................................................................................43
Registers ....................................................................................................................43
Reliability ..................................................................................................................27
Reset response ...........................................................................................................49
S
S ................................................................................................................................143
S.M.A.R.T. Function ................................................................................................. 55
Safety ........................................................................................................................33
Secondary circuit protection .....................................................................................33
Security Disable Password ........................................................................................126
Security Erase Unit ...................................................................................................127
Security Set Password ...............................................................................................130
Security Unlock ........................................................................................................132
Seek ...........................................................................................................................133
Seek Overlap .............................................................................................................64
Sense Condition ........................................................................................................134
Service life ................................................................................................................27
Set Features ...............................................................................................................135
Set Max ADDRESS ..................................................................................................137
Set Max ADDRESS EXT .........................................................................................139
Set Multiple ...............................................................................................................141
Shock ........................................................................................................................30
Signal definitions ......................................................................................................38
Sleep ..........................................................................................................................142
Specification .............................................................................................................23
Standby .....................................................................................................................161
Standby timer ............................................................................................................53
Status .........................................................................................................................53
T
Temperature ..............................................................................................................23
Time-out values ........................................................................................................179
Timings .....................................................................................................................179
Transition time ..........................................................................................................55
U
UL approval ..............................................................................................................33
V
Vibration ...................................................................................................................30
W
Weight .......................................................................................................................29
Write Buffer ..............................................................................................................163
Write Cache function ................................................................................................65
© Copyright Hitachi Global Storage Technologies
Hitachi Global Storage Technologies
5600 Cottle Road
San Jose, CA 95193
Produced in the United States
11/05
All rights reserved Travelstar™ is a trademark of
Hitachi Global Storage Technologies.
Microsoft, Windows XP, and Windows are trademarks
of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other
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Other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
References in this publication to Hitachi Global Storage
Technologies products, programs or services do not
imply that Hitachi Global Storage Technologies intends
to make these available in all countries in which Hitachi
Global Storage Technologies operates.
Product information is provided for information purposes only and does not constitute a warranty.
Information is true as of the date of publication and is
subject to change. Actual results may vary.
This publication is for general guidance only. Photographs may show design models.
2 November 2005
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