480836 UM
User's Guide
RF EMF Strength Meter
Model 480836
1.0 - Safety Information
CAUTION
• Before making a measurement, check if the low battery symbol ( +
shown on the display when the meter is switched on. Replace the
battery if the symbol is displayed.
) is
• In the case of prolonged storage, it is preferable to remove the battery from
the meter.
• Avoid shaking the meter, particularly in the measurement mode.
• The accuracy and function of the meter may be adversely affected by
exceeding the specified limits as well as by improper handling.
DANGER!
• Use caution when working in the vicinity of powerful radiation sources.
• Persons with electronic implants (e.g. cardiac pacemakers) should avoid
powerful radiation sources.
• Observe the local safety regulations.
• Observe the operating instructions for equipment that is used to generate or
conduct electromagnetic energy.
• Be aware that secondary radiators (e.g. reflective objects such as a metallic
fence) can cause a local amplification of the field.
• Be aware that the field strength in the near vicinity of radiators increases
proportionally to the inverse cube of the distance. This means that enormous
field strengths can result in the immediate vicinity of small radiation sources
(e.g. leak in waveguides, inductive ovens).
• Field strength measuring devices can underrate pulsed signals, particularly with
radar signals in which case significant measurement errors can arise.
• All field strength measuring devices have a limited specified frequency range.
Fields with spectral components outside of this frequency range are generally
incorrectly evaluated and tend to be underrated. Before using field strength
measuring devices, you should thus be certain that all field components to be
measured lie in the specified frequency range of the measuring device.
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480836 V2.0 July 2007
2.0 - Introduction
2-1 Fundamentals
ƒ
Electromagnetic Radiation
This meter is used to indicate radiated electromagnetic fields. Wherever there is
a voltage or a current, electric (E) and magnetic (H) fields arise. Examples
include the electromagnetic fields from radio broadcasting and TV transmitters.
ƒ
Electric Field Strength
This is a field vector quantity that represents the force (F) on an infinitesimal unit
positive test charge (q) at a point divided by that charge. Electric field strength is
expressed in units of volts per meter (V/m).
Use the units of electric field strength for measurements in the following situations:
• In the near-field area of the source.
• Where the nature of the electromagnetic field is unknown.
ƒ
Magnetic field strength (H) :
This is a field vector that is equal to the magnetic flux density divided by the
permeability of the medium. Magnetic field strength is expressed in units of
amperes per meter (A/m).
ƒ
Power density (S) :
Power per unit area in the direction of propagation, usually expressed in units of
watts per square meter (W/m2) or, for convenience, units such as milliwatts per
square centimeter (mW/cm2).
ƒ
The characteristic of electromagnetic fields :
Electromagnetic fields propagate as waves and travel at the speed of light (c).
The wavelength is proportional to the frequency.
λ(wavelength) =
c (speed of light)
f (frequency)
Near-field is assumed if the distance to the field source is less than three
wavelengths. For far-fields, the distance is more than three wavelengths. In the
near-field, the ratio of electric field strength (E) and magnetic field strength (H) is
not constant, so measure each separately. In the far-field, however, it is enough
to just measure one field quantity, and compute the other accordingly.
2-2 Application
‰ High frequency (RF) electromagnetic wave field strength measurement.
‰ Mobile phone base station antenna radiation power density measurement.
‰ Wireless communication applications (CW, TDMA, GSM, DECT).
‰ RF power measurement for transmitters.
‰ Wireless LAN (Wi-Fi) detection, installation.
‰ Spy camera, wireless bug finder.
‰ Cellular/Cordless phone radiation safety level.
‰ Microwave oven leakage detection.
‰ Personal, environmental EMF safety.
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2-3 Features
This meter is a broadband device for monitoring high-frequency radiation in the range of
50MHz to 3.5GHz. The non-directional electric field and high sensitivity also allow
measurements of electric field strength in TEM cells and absorber rooms.
The unit of measurement and the measurement types are expressed in units of electrical
and magnetic field strength and power density.
At high frequencies, the power density is of particular significance. It provides a measure
of the power absorbed by a person exposed to the field. This power level must be kept
as low as possible at high frequencies. The meter can be set to display the
instantaneous value, the maximum value measured or the average value. Instantaneous
and maximum value measurements are useful for orientation, e.g. when first entering an
exposed area.
‰ 50MHz to 3.5GHz Frequency range.
‰ For isotropic measurements of electromagnetic fields.
‰ Non-directional (isotropic) measurement with three-channel measurement sensor.
‰ High dynamic range due to three-channel digital processing.
‰ Configurable alarm threshold and memory function.
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3.0 - Specifications
3-1 General Specifications
• Measurement method: Digital, triaxial measurement.
• Directional characteristic: Isotropic, triaxial.
• Measurement range selection: One continuous range.
2
• Display resolution: 0.1mV/m, 0.1μA/m, 0.001μW/m , 0.001μW/cm
2
• Setting time: Typically 1s (0 to 90% of measurement value).
• Display refresh rate: Typically 0.5 seconds
• Display type: Liquid-crystal display (LCD), 4 digit.
• Audible alarm: Buzzer.
2
2
• Units: mV/m, V/m, μA/m, mA/m, μW/m , mW/m , μW/cm
2
• Display value: Instantaneous measured value, maximum value, or maximum
average value.
• Alarm function: Adjustable threshold with ON/OFF.
• Manual data memory and read storage: 99 data sets.
• Dry batteries: 9V NEDA 1604/1604A
• Battery life: > 15 hours
• Auto power off: 15 minutes.
• Operating temperature range: 0°C to +50°C
• Operating humidity range: 25% to 75%RH
• Storage temperature range: -10°C to +60°C
• Storage humidity range: 0% to 80%RH
• Dimensions: Approx. 60(W)×60(T)×237(L)mm.
• Weight (including battery): Approx. 200g
• Accessories: Instruction manual, battery, carrying case.
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480836 V2.0 July 2007
3-2 Electrical Specifications
‰ Unless otherwise stated, the following specifications hold under the following
conditions:
• The meter is located in the far-field of a source, the sensor head is pointed towards
the source.
• Ambient temperature: +23℃±3℃
• Relative air humidity: 25% to 75%
‰ Sensor type: Electrical field (E)
‰ Frequency range: 50MHz to 3.5GHz
‰ Specified measurement range:
• CW signal (f > 50MHz): 20mV/m to 108.0V/m ,
53μA/m to 286.4mA/m,
2
2
1μW/m to 30.93W/m ,
2
2
0μW/cm to 3.093mW/cm
‰ Dynamic range: Typically 75dB
‰ Absolute error at 1 V/m and 50 MHz: ±1.0dB
‰ Frequency response:
• Sensor (taking into account typical CAL factors):
±1.0dB (50MHz to 1.9GHz)
±2.4dB (1.9GHz to 3.5GHz)
• Isotropy deviation: Typically ±1.0dB (f>50MHz)
2
• Overload limit: 0.42mW/cm (40V/m)
• Thermal response (0 to 50℃): ±0.2dB
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4.0 - Operation
4-1 Front Panel Description
(1). E-field sensor.
(2). LCD display.
(3). MAX/AVG/↵ key :
c Press this key to scroll through the following:
“Instantaneous”→ “Max. instantaneous” →
“Average” → “Max. average”.
d In the read mode, press this key to exit.
e In the alarm setting mode, press this key to store the
setting value.
f Press and hold this key while turning the meter on to
disable the audible sound. The “
” symbol will
disappear.
(4). MODE/ALARM key :
c Press this key to change the sensor axis: “XYZ axis”
→ “X axis” → “Y axis” → “Z axis”.
d Press and hold this key while turning the meter on to
switch the device to the alarm setting mode.
e Press this key for 2 seconds to switch the alarm
function on or off.
(5). UNIT/
key:
c Press this key to change the units: “mV/m or V/m” →
2
2
2
“μA/m or mA/m” → “μW/m or mW/m ” → “μW/cm ”
d Press this key for 2 seconds to turn the backlight on. The backlight turns off
automatically in 15 seconds later.
e Press and hold this key and turn on the meter again to disable the backlight auto off
function.
(6).
key: Press this key to turn the meter on or off.
(7). MEM/▲ key:
c Press this key momentarily to store one data set to memory.
d Press and hold this key while turning the meter ON to enter the manual clear
recorded data mode.
e In the manual data reading mode, press this key to read the next stored data.
f In the alarm setting mode, press this key to increase the setting value.
(8). READ/▼ key:
c Press this key to switch to the manual data reading mode.
d Press and hold this key while turning the meter on to disable the auto power off
function.
e In the manual data reading mode, press this key to read the previous stored data.
f In the alarm setting mode, press this key to decrease the setting value.
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4-2 LCD display description
(1).
: Auto power off function on / off.
(2).
: Audible sound function on / off.
(3). MAX: Maximum measured value displayed.
MAX AVG: Maximum average value displayed.
(4). AVG: Average measured value displayed.
(5).
+
: Low battery indication.
(6). Units : mV/m and V/m : Electric field strength.
μA/m and mA/m : Magnetic field strength.
2
2
2
μW/m , mW/m and μW/cm : Power density
(7).
(8).
(9).
: Measured value displayed as per selected mode and selected units.
: Manual data memory mode indication.
: Manual data memory address number (1~99).
: The manual data memory clear mode.
(10).
: Stored measured value to memory indication.
(11). ALM: Alarm function on / off or alarm setting indication.
(12). ▲: Displays when the alarm function is on and the instantaneous measured value
exceeds the limit value indication.
(13).
: Analog bargraph of each axis (X,Y or Z) measured dynamic range indication
for observing trends.
(14). X: X axis measured value displayed.
(15). Y: Y axis measured value displayed.
(16). Z: Z axis measured value displayed.
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480836 V2.0 July 2007
4-3 Using E-field sensor
The 3-channel sensor is located at the top of the meter. The three voltages generated
by the sensor are fed back to the meter. In far-fields, an E-field sensor is preferable due
to the greater bandwidth. The E-field sensor frequency ranges from 50MHz to 3.5GHz.
The meter is a small portable instrument that measures the electric field in the atmosphere of
the sensor’s surroundings. The measurement of the field is done by moving the aerial of the
sensor in the desired measured environment.
A direct wide band measurement is obtained of the field that the measurement sensor is
subjected to. To find the value of the field emitted by a source of interference, simply
point the aerial towards it and get as close as possible (the value of the field is inversely
proportional to the distance of the sensor/emission source). The operator must take care
not to be between the source of disturbance and the zone to be checked. The human
body shields electromagnetic fields. The E-field sensor is isotropic; it does not require
special handling. It measures the field according to 3 axes without the aerial having to
be moved in the 3 planes. Simply point it at the target to make the measurement.
4-4 Explanatory notes
4-4-1 Units of measurement
The meter measures the electrical component of the field; the default units are those of
electrical field strength (mV/m, V/m). The meter converts the measurement values to the
other units of measurement, i.e. the corresponding magnetic field strength units (μA/m,
2
2
2
mA/m) and power density units (μW/m , mW/m or μW/cm ) using the standard farfield formulate for electromagnetic radiation.
The conversion is invalid for near-field measurements, as there is no generally valid
relationship between electrical and magnetic field strength in this situation. Always
use the default units of the sensor when making near-field measurements.
4-4-2 Result modes
The bar graph display always shows each axis (X, Y or Z) the instantaneous
measured dynamic range value. The digit display shows the measurement
according to one of four selectable modes:
• Instantaneous: The display shows the last value measured by the sensor, no
symbol is displayed.
• Maximum instantaneous (MAX): The digital display shows the highest
instantaneous value measured, the “MAX” symbol is displayed.
• Average (AVG): The digital display shows the average value measured, the “AVG”
symbol is displayed.
• Maximum average (MAX AVG): The digital display shows the highest average
value measured, the “MAX AVG” symbol is displayed.
Field strength
Max. Hold
Max. Average
Average
Actual
t
4-4-3 Alarm limit value (ALM)
The alarm limit value is used to monitor the display value and control the alarm
indication function. The alarm limit value can be edited in the displayed V/m unit; the
smallest value that can be set is 0.05V/m.
NOTE: Alarm limit function can only be used for the total three axial measurement value.
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480836 V2.0 July 2007
4-5 Setting the meter
4-5-1 Setting the units of measurement
Use the UNIT key as follows.
(a)
(b)
Z
Z
UNIT
XY
XY
UNIT
UNIT
(c)
(d)
2
Z
2
Z
UNIT
XY
XY
(a). Electric field strength (V/m).
(b). Computed magnetic field strength (mA/m).
2
(c). Computed power density (mW/m ).
2
(d). Computed power density (μW/cm ).
4-5-2 Setting the result mode
Instantaneous result mode is automatically set when the meter is turned on.
With the MAX/AVG key as followings:
MAX
MAX
AVG
MAX
AVG
MAX
AVG
MAX AVG
AVG
MAX
AVG
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480836 V2.0 July 2007
4-5-3 Setting the alarm limit value (ALM)
2
2
MEM
ALARM
READ
MEM
READ
MEM
READ
MEM
READ
2
MEM
2
READ
2
MEM
2
READ
MEM
READ
MEM
READ
key to turn off the meter.
1. Press
key to turn on the meter, the display
2. Press and hold the MODE key, then press
then shows “ALM” and “▲” (The Alarm setting mode). The four flashing digits can
now be changed.
3. Press ▼ or ▼ key to increase or decrease the value.
4. Press ↵ key to store the new setting value and exit.
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480836 V2.0 July 2007
4-5-4 Switching the alarm function on or off
ALARM
ALM
ALM
1. Press ALARM key for 2 seconds to switch the alarm function on or off. The “ALM”
and “
” symbols in the display indicates that the alarm function is on.
2. When the alarm function is on, the display will show “▲” if the instantaneous
measured value exceed the limit value.
4-5-5 Setting the audible sound function off
When the meter is normally turned on, the audible sound function is on.
key to turn off the meter.
1. Press
2. Press and hold MAX/AVG key and turn on the meter again to disable the audible
” symbol will disappear from the display.
sound, the “
4-5-6 Setting the auto power off function off
READ
When the meter is normally turned on, the auto power off function is on.
1. Press
key to turn off the meter.
2. Press and hold READ key and turn on the meter again to disable the auto power
off function; the “
” symbol will disappear from the display.
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480836 V2.0 July 2007
4-5-7 Setting the backlight auto off function off
UNIT
1. Press
key to turn off the meter.
2. Press and hold
key and turn on the meter again to disable the backlight
auto off function.
4-6 Making measurements
Important:
If the sensor is moved quickly, excessive field strength values will be displayed which do
not reflect the actual field conditions. This effect is caused by electrostatic charges.
Recommendation:
Hold the meter steady during the measurement.
4-6-1 Short-term measurements
Application:
Use either the “Instantaneous” or the “Max. Instantaneous” mode if the
characteristics and orientation of the field are unknown when entering an area
exposed to electromagnetic radiation.
Procedure
1. Hold the meter at arm’s length.
2. Make several measurements at various locations around the work place or the
interested areas as described above. This is particularly important if the field
conditions are unknown.
3. Pay special attention to measuring the neighboring vicinity for possible radiation
sources. Apart from active sources, those components connected to a source may
also act as radiators. For example, the cables used in diathermy equipment may
also radiate electromagnetic energy. Note that metallic objects within the field may
locally concentrate or amplify the field from a distant source.
4-6-2 Long-term exposure measurements
Location:
Place the meter between yourself and the suspected source of radiation. Make
measurements at those points where parts of your body are nearest to the source of
radiation.
Note: Use the “Average ” or “Max average” modes only when the instantaneous
measurement values are fluctuating greatly.
4-6-3 Alarm function
Use this feature in the “Instantaneous”, “Max. Instantaneous”, “Average” or “Max.
Average” modes.
When the instantaneous measured value exceeds the limit value, a sequence of
warning beeps will sound.
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480836 V2.0 July 2007
4-7 Storing readings
The meter includes a non-volatile data memory that can store a maximum of 99
measured values.
4-7-1 Storing individual measured values
MEM
The current memory location number appears in the lower right small display.
Once you press the MEM key, it will store a displayed value and increment the memory
location by one. Each flash of the “ ” symbol display indicates one reading has been
stored. When the memory location number shows “99”, to indicate the manual data
memory is full, the use must clear the entire contents of the data memory before storing
new values.
4-7-2 Reading individual measured values
READ
V/m
Z
XY
UNIT
R
READ
MEM
Z
UNIT
A/m
XY
R
1. Press READ key, the display shows “
”(reading mode).
2. Press ▼ or ▲ key to select the desired memory location.
3. Press UNIT key to select the desired reading units.
4. Press MODE key to select the desired sensor axis reading.
5. Press MAX key to exit.
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480836 V2.0 July 2007
4-7-3 Deleting stored values
Once the memory is full, the entire contents of the memory can be cleared.
MEM
1. Press
MEM
READ
to turn off the meter.
2. Press and hold MEM and turn on the meter again; the display will shows:
“
” and “
”.
3. Press ▼ to select “
”.
4. Press ▲ to clear memory.
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480836 V2.0 July 2007
5.0 Battery Installation and Replacement
5-1 Battery Loading
Remove the rear battery cover and insert a fresh 9V battery.
5-2 Battery Replacement
When the battery voltage drops below the operating voltage, the battery icon
+
appears and flashes. If it appears, the battery should be replaced.
6.0 - Warranty
EXTECH INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION warrants this instrument to be free of defects
in parts and workmanship for one year from date of shipment (a six month limited warranty
applies to sensors and cables). If it should become necessary to return the instrument for
service during or beyond the warranty period, contact the Customer Service Department at
(781) 890-7440 ext. 210 for authorization or visit our website www.extech.com for contact
information. A Return Authorization (RA) number must be issued before any product is
returned to Extech. The sender is responsible for shipping charges, freight, insurance and
proper packaging to prevent damage in transit. This warranty does not apply to defects
resulting from action of the user such as misuse, improper wiring, operation outside of
specification, improper maintenance or repair, or unauthorized modification. Extech
specifically disclaims any implied warranties or merchantability or fitness for a specific
purpose and will not be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental or consequential damages.
Extech's total liability is limited to repair or replacement of the product. The warranty set
forth above is inclusive and no other warranty, whether written or oral, is expressed or
implied.
7.0 - Calibration and Repair Services
Extech offers repair and calibration services for the products we sell. Extech also
provides NIST certification for most products. Call the Customer Care Department for
information on calibration services available for this product. Extech recommends that
annual calibrations be performed to verify meter performance and accuracy.
Support line (781) 890-7440
Technical Support: Extension 200; E-mail: support@extech.com
Repair & Returns: Extension 210; E-mail: repair@extech.com
Product specifications subject to change without notice
For the latest version of this User Guide, Software updates, and other
up-to-the-minute product information, visit our website: www.extech.com
Extech Instruments Corporation, 285 Bear Hill Road, Waltham, MA 02451
Copyright © 2007 Extech Instruments Corporation
All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.
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480836 V2.0 July 2007
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