Epson | EX-1000 | User guide | Epson EX-1000 User guide

MULTI-FONT
XR-1000
MULTI-FONT
XR-1500
USERS MANUAL
NOT INTENDED FOR SALE
Federal Communications Commission
Radio Frequency Interference Statement
‘hia quipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and if not installed and used properly, that
with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause interference to radio and
is, in strict acco&nce
is no guarantee that interference will nd occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
interfetena to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the qu@nent off and
on, the user is mcoumged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the followmg measures:
. Reorient the receiving antemta
l
Relocate the computer or printer with respect to the receiver
l
Move the computer 0T printer away from the receiver
l
Plugthecamputerorprinterintaae~toutletmthatitendtheracdverarcondifferentbranch
If nece=the
user should consult the dealer or an experimced radioAelevisicm technician for
additional suggestions.The user may find the following bookleh
~~~=g~!g=;~~~~;
tiats Commission helpful: “How to Idmtify and Resdve
booklet is available from the U.S. Govemmmt Printing Off&, Washington, D.C., 20402, Stock No.
004~ooo-003454.
For compliance with the Federal Noise Interference Standard, this quipment
requires a shielded cable.
The above sto~emm~ applies only to printers marketed in the USA.
Statement of
The Canadian Department of Communications
Radio Interference Regulathns
This digital av ntus
. does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus
set out m the pdlo Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Lx @sent appareil numerique n&et pas de bruits radic&ctriques &passant les limites applicables aux
aIpamils mm&i ues de la classe B prescrites dam le Reglement surle brouillage radio6lectrique edict6
par le minis&e 2es Cumnunications du Canada.
The above stotemen~ applies only IOprinters morketcd in Conoda.
Trademark Acknowledgements
XR-1000, XR-1500, ND-10115, NR-10/l% Star Micronics Co., Ltd
IBM PC, PC-AT, PC-XT, Proprinter, Proprinter II, PC-DOS: International Business Machines
Corp.
Microsoft BASIC, MS-IKXI: Microsoft Corporaticu
EX-800, EX-1000, FX46e, FX-2&k
Seiko Epson Corp.
WordStar: MicroPro International Corporation
NOTICE
l
All rights resewed. Reproduction of any part of this manual in any form whatsoever without
STAR’s express ~nnission
is forbidden.
l lhecontentsof
manual are sub+ to change without notice.
. All efforts have been made to msure the accuracy of the contents of this manual at the time of
g?gowever,
should any errors be detected. STAR would greatly appreciate being informed
l
‘lhe above notwithstanding, STAR can assume no responsibility for any errors in this manual.
0 Copyright 1989 Star Micmnics Co., Ltd.
CONGRATULATIONS
Thank you for buying this printer. This printer is provided with the following features:
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
2 print modes - Draft and Near Letter Quality
Many different typefaces built into the printer
Epson or IBM Proprinter compatibility including graphics
Comprehensive paper-handling facilities (cut-sheet or tractor as standard, with optional Automatic Sheet Feeder)
Paper-park facility for loading cut-sheet paper without having to
unload fanfold paper
Memory Switch facility, enabling comprehensive programming from
the front panel
Optional color facilities
ORGANIZATION OF THIS MANUAL
This manual is divided into 9 chapters. Use chapters 1 through 3 as a “User
Guide”, giving you information on how to set up and start your printer. The
remaining chapters may be treated as a reference guide for programming
operations, etc. It assumes a degree of knowledge off the operation of
computers (for instance, it assumes you know about hexadecimal numbers).
The chapters am as follows:
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Read this section first, as it explains how to unpack and install your printer.
Chapter 2 - Front panel controls
There am a number of controls on the front panel which perform various
functions related to paper handling, print modes and font selection. This
section shows you how to use the front panel controls.
Chapter 3 - Setting up the Memory Switches
Your printer has a Memory Switch function, which allows you to make
certain system settings ftom the front panel. This section explains the
operation of these Memory Swithes.
Chapter 4 - Emulations and escape codes
This chapter explains the different emulations provided by your printer, and
the software commands used to drive it. This section is of use if you ate
writing or modifying programs to take advantage of the printer’s features.
Chapter 5 - DIP Switches
This section explains how to set the DIP switches to make system settings
on the printer.
Chapter 6 - MS-DOS and your printer
Since the PC or PC-AT family of computers nmning under MS-DOS is
currently the most popular configuration of microcomputer, we have included a few hints and tips to help you use your printer with such systems.
Since virtually all PCs aresold with a Microsoft BASIC interpreter, we have
also included some hints, and a sample program in this language to
demonstrate the capabilities of the printer.
Chapter 7 - Troubleshooting and maintenance
This section give a checklist of points to check if your printer is not working
in the expected way. It also includes details of some routine maintenance
operations you can carry out yourself. It is not, however, a complete service
manual. Call a qualified service engineer if you ate unsure of your ability to
carry out any maintenance or servicing operations.
Chapter 8 - Specifications
This section gives the specifications of your printer.
Chapter 9 - Character sets
These charts give the different character sets available, and the differences
between national character sets (as set up with the DIP switches).
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
LOCATING THE PRINTER .......................................................... 1
UNPACKING, SETTING UP AND CONNECTION .................... 1
Setting up ..................................................................................... 3
Connection ................................................................................... 5
LOADING PAPER ........................................................................ .7
Cut-sheet paper ............................................................................ 7
Fanfold paper (continuous) stationery ......................................... 8
Once the paper has been loaded ................................................ 10
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION
Chapter 2 FRONT PANEL CONTROLS
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS ...............................................
controls .....................................................................................
Indicators ...................................................................................
PITCH SETTING ..........................................................................
Pitch Panel Lock ........................................................................
FONTSETTING ...........................................................................
Font Panel Lock .........................................................................
QUIET MODE ..............................................................................
PAPER HANDLING ....................................................................
Form feed ...................................................................................
Paper parking .............................................................................
Short tear-off function ...............................................................
Micro Feed .................................................................................
BUFFER CLEAR/RESET ............................................................
TEST AND MAINTENANCE SETTINGS ................................
Chapter 3 SETTING UP THE MEMORY SWITCHES
MENU OPTIONS .........................................................................
Command Menu ...................................... .:...............................
Font menu ......... .........................................................................
Print Menu ................................................................................
Paper Menu.. .............................................................................
Forms Menu ...............................................................................
Factory settings.. .......................................................................
11
11
11
11
12
12
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
16
16
.16
17
19
.19
19
.20
.20
21
.22
23
EMULATIONS ............................................................................. 23
NUMERICAL REPRESENTATION ........................................... 23
COMMAND CODES AND ESCAPE SEQUENCES ................. .24
Font style and character set control cedes ................................ .26
Font pitch control cedes ........................................................... .30
Special print mode control cedes ............................................. .32
Line space control cedes.. ......................................................... .36
Chapter 4 EMULATIONS AND ESCAPE CODES
Form feed control codes ........................................................... .39
Margins and vertical tab setting control codes ......................... .4 1
Horizontal print position control codes .................................... .44
Downloaded character control codes.. ...................................... .48
Graphics .................................................................................... .52
Miscellaneous codes ................................................................. .55
ASCII command sequences.. .................................................... .63
Chapter 5 DIP SWITCHES
67
Chapter 6 TROUBLESHOOTING
AND MAINTENANCE
TROUBLESHOOTING ...............................................................
Power supply ............................................................................
Printing .....................................................................................
Paper feeding ............................................................................
MAINTENANCE ........................................................................
ADJUSTING THE PRINTING GAP ..........................................
RIBBON REPLACEMENT.. .......................................................
REPLACING THE PRINT HEAD ..............................................
FRONT PANEL DIAGNOSTIC AND
TEST MODES .............................................................................
Short test mode .........................................................................
Long test mode .........................................................................
Text test mode ..........................................................................
Hexadecimal dump mode .........................................................
Bidirectional test/adjustment mode ..........................................
69
.69
.70
.70
.72
.75
.75
.76
.78
.80
.80
.8 1
.82
.83
.84
87
Chapter 7 MS-DOS AND YOUR PRINTER
INSTALLING APPLICATION SOFTWARE
WITH YOUR PRINTER .............................................................. 87
GRAPHICS HARD COPY .......................................................... .89
SETTING UP THE PRINTER FROM THE DOS PROMPT .... ..8 9
PROGRAMMING USING BASIC ............................................. .90
Sample program ........................................................................ .90
How the program works ........................................................... .93
Patches necessary to use the BASIC interpreter.. ..................... .96
Chapter 8 SPECIFICATIONS
97
Chapter 9 CHARACTER SETS
STANDARD CHARACTER SET #l .........................................
STANDARD CHARACTER SET #2.. .......................................
IBM CHARACTER SET #2 .......................................................
IMB CHARACTER SET #l .......................................................
ADDITIONAL CHARACTER SET.. .........................................
INTERNATIONAL CHARACTER SETS .................................
101
102
104
105
107
108
109
INDEX
111
chapter
I
INTRODUCTION
The following section covers the unpacking and installation of your printer,
together with information on paper loading and handling (both continuous
and cut-sheet paper).
c
Lllr
c
Lr
-
LOCATING THE PRINTER
Before you start unpacking and setting up your printer, make sure that you
have a suitable place on which to locate it. By “a suitable place”, we mean:
l
l
A firm, level surface which is fairly vibration-free
Away from excessive heat (ie away from direct sunlight and away from
heaters, etc)
l
Away from excessive humidity
l
Away from excessive dust
9 A location with sufficient space to locate the printer and any paper to be
fed into it, as well as the printed paper coming out
l
If you are using a parallel connection to your computer, make sum that it
is within 2m (6ft) of the printer (an RS-232 connection using the optional
RS-232 interface can be made over longer distances).
UNPACKING, SETTING UP AND CONNECTION
Now unpack the contents of the printer shipping container, and make sure
that you have the following:
. The printer itself
. Paper guide assembly
l
The platen knob
9 A fabric ribbon
If any of these items am missing, contact your supplier.
1
User’s manual
Theoptional accessories which you may have ordered with your printer are:
. Serial (RS-232) interface hoard
. Automatic sheet feeder
9 Color option kit
See the installation instructions contained with these optional items for
details of how to attach them to your printer.
2
Setting up
Place your printer in the position where it is going to be permanently sited,
and remove all packing material from inside the top cover. This packing
material is intended to prevent damage to the printer in transit. You may like
to keep this packing with the printer carton if you intend transporting the
printer for use at a different location.
laten knob
.
.
The platen knob should be removed from the accessory box inside the
shipping carton. Mount the platen knob on the shaft on the right-hand side
of the printer. Turn the knob on the shaft before pushing the knob fully into
position.
NOTE
Before turning the platenknob, always ensure that the power to the printer
is OFF.
3
Remove the top cover by lifting the front (using the two grips at the side),
and pulling towards you. Now install the ribbon.
1 Use the tensioning knob on the ribbon cartridge to tighten the ribbon if it
is slack (turn clockwise).
2 The ribbon should pass between the print head and the print head shield
(see illustration below).
,Print
head shield
3 Use the grips on the side of the ribbon cartridge to help locate the cartridge
(squeeze them inwards gently), and make sure that the spindles on the
cartridge holder fit into the sockets on the cartridge itself.
Ribbon cartridge
I
Ribbon tensioning knob
Ribbon holder
4
Connection
*
b.
Connect the printer to your computer, using a standard parallel-type cable.
On a PC or PC/AT-type computer, this means that you use the 25-way Dtype connector at the computer end, and the Amphenol-type 36-way connector at the printer end. The pinouts of the printer’s connector are given in
Chapter 8 if you need a cable for connection to another computer.
Plug the printer into a suitable mains outlet. However, DO NOT turn on the
power switch at the back of the printer yet.
c
L
nterface cable
5
You may need to set some DIP switches inside the printer before you start
using it. These switches enable you to configure the printer as an Epson or
as an IBM Proprinter printer. The DIP switches also enable you to select a
character set other than the USA character set, if your supplier has not
already set these up for you. The DIP switch cover is located inside the top
cover (see below). Use the end of a paper-clip (or similar) to set the switches.
Details of these switches are given in Chapter 5. If you feel unsure as to your
ability to set these switches, contact your supplier.
DIP switch cover
6
LOADING PAPER
The following sections explain how to load paper - single-sheet (cut-sheet),
without the Automatic Sheet feeder, and also the operations necessary for
loading continuous (fanfold) stationery.
If you are using the Automatic Sheet Feeder, please refer to the instructions
supplied with the Automatic Sheet Feeder unit.
Cut-sheet paper
Place the paper guide in position, locating the lugs on the bottom of the
assembly into the slots on the printer body.
Make sure that the release lever is pushed towards the back of the printer
(h position).
Adjust the paper guides to match the size of paper you will be using (remembering that printing will start some distance from the left-hand edge
of the carriage). There are markings molded into the back plate of the
assembly to help you if you wish to center the paper. If you am centering
the paper using the markings molded into the paper guide, remember that
printing will start from the left-hand edge, unless you reset the left and
right margins using software commands.
Place the paper between the guides, placing the side on which you want
to print towards the back of the printer. Gently push the paper down in the
guides until you feel it stop.
Adjustable paper guides
7
5 Turn on the power using the switch at the back of the printer. The printer
will beep, indicating that no paper is in position for printing. The orange
PAPER indicator also shows this.
button. The paper bail will move clear of the paper,
6 Now press the ~:,~Fp~~~
and the paper will lx fed and adjusted past the print head to a position
ready for printing. The paper bail will be moved back to grip the paper
against the platen, and the print head will move to the start position.
The actual vertical position of the paper after auto-loading is determined by
the Memory Switch setting (see Chapter 3).
The vertical position of the paper can be finely adjusted by means of the
micro feed function (see Chapter 2).
Fanfold paper (continuous) stationery
If you are going to use fanfold (continuous) paper, then you will need to use
the integral tractor mechanism assembly, situated under the rear cover of the
printer.
-
-
1 Remove the top and rear covers of the printer to insert the paper.
Clamp lever
Rear cover
-
8
2 Push the release lever towards the front of the printer (to the h position).
This has the effect of releasing the paper from the platen roller, and
engaging the tractor feed.
3 With the sprocket covers open, thread the paper over the sprockets,
aligning the sprocket holes with the pins on the sprockets.
4 Adjust the spacing of the sprockets by sliding them along the bar, using
the clamp lever at the back of each sprocket to release and lock the
sprocket in position (when the lever is up, the sprocket may be moved, and
when it is down, the sprocket is locked).
5 Now close the sprocket covers, again making sure that the paper sprocket
holes are aligned with the pins on the sprockets. If they are not aligned
properly, you will have problems with paper feeding, possibly resulting
in tearing and jamming of the paper.
6 Turn on the printer using the switch at the back of the printer. The printer
will beep (indicating that the paper is not yet fully loaded). This is also
confinned by the orange PAPER indicator.
9
7 Now press the @5SE3 button. The paper bail will move clear of the paper,
and the paper will be fed and adjusted past the print head to a position
ready for printing. The paper bail will be moved back to grip the paper
against the platen, and the print head will move to the start position. As
when loading cut-sheet paper, the Memory Switch setting will determine
the initial position of the paper after auto-feeding, and the micro feed
function may be used to adjust the paper position.
8 Remount the top cover rear cover and the transparent printer cover.
9 Remount the paper guide as shown below:
Once the paper has been loaded
The printer will now be on-line (the ON LINE indicator will be lighted). You
may now want to choose a font, a pitch and a print quality. This can be done
from the front panel, but you must put the printer off-line first by pressing
the (IEEE2 button. The indicator will go out and the printer will beep to
confirm this.
10
Chapter 2
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS
The following section describes the front panel controls and indicators on
your printer, together with a description of the functions performed by them.
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
The following is a brief guide to the controls and indicators on the front
panel.
Controls
The printer is equipped with five buttons: from left to right they are, \ FONT
and 1EH (smaller buttons), and FJECV , LPCED and ~ON~~F(larger
buttons).
Indicators
The first two buttons have a series of indicators next to them which show
which option has been currently selected using them (font or pitch). Some
of these indicators can be either orange or green, depending upon the options
currently selected.
There is no indicator associated with the ITEE+ button (as its operation is
obvious when paper has been inserted), but the PAPERFEED’
and ONLINE
buttons both have indicators embedded in the buttons themselves. The
indicator embedded in the PAPER
FEED’
button, however does not indicate paper
feed directly, but indicates (when illuminated) whether Quiet mode has been
selected (see below). The ONMEbutton also has an embedded indicator.
Pushing the 0~ME button will alternately set the printer on- and off-line
and illuminate or extinguish the indicator.
11
In addition to these indicators, there are two others, POWER and PAPER. The
POWER indicator will illuminate when power is supplied to the printer, and
the PAPER indicator will illuminate when no paper has been inserted.
PITCH SETTING
Use the (PIT%button to set the pitch that will be printed. Remember that the
printer must be off-line for you to do this. Successive presses of this button
will illuminate (and select) the following options in this order:
Pitch
Indicator(s)
10 charactexx per inch
locP1
12 characters per inch
12CPI
17 characters per inch
locP1, COND
20 characters per inch
12CP1, COND
Proportional
PROP
Holding down this button will cycle continuously between these options.
,
I
1
Pitch Pane/ Lock
If the plyEn>button is pressed when the printer is turned on, the pitch will
be “locked”, and no pitch changes can be made from software. It is still
possible, however, to put the printer off-line and change the pitch using the
KCZ button.
FONT SElTING
Pressing the .%Y button will illuminate a font indicator. Remember that
the printer must be off-line for you to do this. Note that the selection of some
fonts (shown in yellow on the front panel) is shown by an orange indicator,
and the selection of others (shown in green on the front panel) is shown by
a green indicator. Holding down the :FOVT,button will cycle continuously
between the fonts available.
Font
courier
TW-Light
Letter-Gothic
script
SaIlSerif
Cinema
Internal
Draft
Font Panel Lock
button is pressed when the printer is turned on, the font will be
If the ‘FONT“locked”, and no font changes can be made from software. It is still possible,
however, to put the printer off-line and change the font using the +oNi\l
button.
QUIET MODE
To select Quiet mode, the printer must be on-line. While it is on-line, press
the pp~pfi~~~~~
button. This will alternately illuminate and extinguish the
QUIET indicator. When in Quiet mode, the printer will print slightly slower,
but at a reduced noise level.
NOTE
If you press the PAPERFEW button while the printer is off-line, the @GE3
button will perform its normal function, ie it will feed paper.
13
PAPER HANDLING
The following sections describe the ways in which you can control paper
feeding, etc by means of the front panel controls:
Form feed
A form feed can be achieved from the front panel in the following way:
button, so that the
1 Put the printer off-line, by pressing the \ ONL%:~
indicator is extinguished.
2 Press the PAPERFEED’
button, and keep it depressed.
3 Press the LzE
button momentarily.
4 The paper will then move forward to the top of the next sheet (fanfold
paper), or eject a cut sheet.
5 Set the printer on-line again (:oNG+F>
button) to resume printing.
Paper parking
Paper parking is useful if you are using fanfold paper, and you want to print
a document on one or two sheets of cut-sheet paper. The printer “parks” the
fanfold paper safely out of the way, so that you do not need to unload the
paper before inserting cut-sheet paper, then, when you have finished
printing on cut-sheet paper, moves the fanfold paper back to its original
position so that you can restart printing.
To use this facility, follow the instructions below:
1 Put the printer off-line (press the
out).
0~LINE
\button, so that the indicator goes
2 Press the WYP*RI,button, so that the fanfold paper is moved out of the
paper path.
3 Now move the release lever to the rear of the printer ( h position) to select
cut-sheet paper (disengaging the fanfold sprockets).
NOTE
I
If you do not move the release lever at this stage, the printer will warn you
at the next step by emitting a continuous series of beeps.
14
-
4 Insert the cut sheet paper in the paper guides
5 Press the (@SW button in order to feed the cut sheet to the starting print
position. The printer will automatically go on-line.
6 Print as normal on the cut sheet(s), and when you have finished printing,
put the printer Off-he (by ptBsing the ‘jON
LINE
;Ibutton again).
7 If the software has not done this for you, eject the paper by pressing the
,@ZRX)button.
8 Move the release lever to the front of the paper (Is position) to select
fanfold paper (engaging the fanfold sprockets).
9 Now feed the fanfold paper to the print position by pressing the FEES
button. The paper will move to its former print position, and the printer
will automatically go on-line.
You are now ready to start printing on fanfold paper again.
Short tear-off function
The short-tear-off function is handy when using fanfold paper. It ejects the
papers0 that the perforation is just above the transparent cover, allowing you
tear it off without having to open up the printer. It then reverses the paper
feed after you have tom off the paper, thereby starting printing at the top of
the next form. This feature is especially useful if you are using pre-printed
stationery (such as invoices, etc), which will not be printed all together.
To use the short tear-off function, press the :-ONJWbutton when the printer
is on-line, and hold it down for a few seconds. When you release the button,
the printer will go off-line, and the paper will move up a few inches, allowing
you to tear off the form.
To return the paper to its previous position, press the i ONL!!E~
button once
again. When you release the button, the printer will return to its on-line
status, and the paper will be fed backwards, with the print head aligned with
the top of the next form.
,
15
Micro Feed
The Micro Feed facility is useful if you wish to align the paper exactly. It
feeds the paper forwards or backwards in 1/216th inch increments.
To use this feature, put the printer off-line (using the :IKLIF~button).
(ONLINE)
button, and either the /p*pEE; button (to feed the
Then press the 5
~~
paper forwards), or the EFEG3 button (to feed the paper backwards).
Holding down these buttons continuously will continue to feed the paper forwards or backwards in small increments.
BUFFER CLEAR/RESET
It is possible to clear the buffer of the printer or to return it to its power-on
status by using the front panel buttons without having to turn the power off
and on. To do this, put the printer off-line (press the OEM button), and then
press the CON button again. Before releasing the -ON
button, hold
down the :~OFITbutton. Releasing the :%F; button within two seconds of
holding it down (before releasing the 1C%!C button) will clear the data in
the buffer. Releasing the button after two seconds (again, before releasing
fie
(-FLlNf
~- ‘1 button) will reset the printer back to the settings at power-on.
TEST AND MAINTENANCE SETTINGS
The printer is equipped with a number of functions to assist testing and maintenance. Since it is anticipated that they will not be used very often, they are
not described here, but in Chapter 6.
However, briefly, they are:
l
A text test print mode
l
A short test print mode
l
A long test print mode
l
A hexadecimal dump mode
l
A bidirectional print test
16
SETTING UP
Chapter 3
THE MEMORY SWITCHES
a.
L.
L-
In addition to the pitch and font, many other options regarding the setup of
the printer can be carried out from the tint panel. To access these options,
it is necessary to turn off the printer, and then turn it on again, while holding
down the (ON,
(P?PERFEED:
and 6E!ZE3 buttons together. This will cause the
printer to print a series of questions and options to which you can answer
using the front panel buttons. This is called the Memory Switch mode.
L.
I
POWER
I
PAPER
b,
MICRO FEED
. .
L
SET/EJECT/PARK
PAPER FEED
ONLINE
QUIET
F
ENTER
.
L
The principle involved is that the printer will print a list of options on one
l&. you use the $+*+I and <YF~F+buttons to move the print head so that
it is below the option you want to choose.
The printer will move the paper up and down as appropriate, so that the menu
options are visible.
The @EE+ button moves the print head one option to the left, and the
,%+ FFD\/
button moves one option to the right (as marked in blue on the front
panel under the buttons). Holding down one of these buttons will still move
the print head only one option forward or back.
When the print head is below the desired option, press the , ON
E_\ button to
enter this into the printer’s memory. Any option chosen at this stage will now
be stored, even when the printer is turned off.
17
When you press the ’ oKi&’ button to enter an option, a “*” (asterisk) will
be printed to confinn that the option has been chosen.
The menus are organized in a hierarchical (tree-structured) fashion. Some
menus do not choose options directly, but instead, move down to other
menus. To move up through the menu structure towards the “mot” or
button m m
EXIT button (as marked in blue
‘(trurW, use the PITCH
underneath the button).
The structure of the menus is shown below.:
Main menu
Print current settings
I
I
Command menu 1 IFont menu 1 1Print menu
I
I
Paper menu I Forms menu
The options within each menu are given below.
As mentioned above, when you press the EAT
Xbutton from any sub-menu
or from an option within a menu, you will return to the menu level above the
current one. If you press the -G; button from the main menu, the printer
will print “***END***” and exit to being on-line, with the settings chosen
in Memory Switch mode being now set in the printer.
18
MENU OPTIONS
The following is a list of the options within the menus, and their meanings,
together with the prompts printed in Memory Switch mode. The prompts are
given in capital letters in square brackets, thus: [OFF]. Factory settings are
marked here with an asterisk (for example, [ON*]). A summary of factory
settings is also provided following this section.
Command Menu
This menu allows you to set up various parameters controlling the overall
setup of the printer:
RAM USAGE
QUIET MODE
GRAPHICS
DIRECTION
AUTO ON-LINE
The printer RAM may be used as a print buffer
[BUFFER*],for downloading fonts [DOWNLOAD],or
as a single-line buffer [lLINE.BUFFER].
The printer may either print slower and quieter [ON],or
faster, making slightly more noise [OF].
When printing in graphics mode, the printer may either
print biditeetionally (in alternate directions) for speed
[BI*] or in one direction only (unidirectional for increased accuracy KINI]. For practically all purposes,
however, biclireetionalprinting is sufficiently accurate.
If this is set [ON*], then when paper is inserted, the
printerwill automaticallycome on-line. If set [OFFJ,then
you will have to press the button to bring the printer online.
Font Menu
This menu allows you to set two parameters concerning fonts which will be
automatically selected whenever you turn on the printer:
ZERO STYLE
NLQ FONT STYLE
In computer usage, a zero is often written with a slash
through it, as follows: @“. This style is called
[SLASHED].If a zero is written as a slightly thinner
capital%“, without the slash (“O”),this is may be chosen
by selecting PIORMAL*].
This option allows you to choose the default font selected
when NLQ mode is selected.All availablefonts are given
as options. The default is [COURIER*].
19
Print Menu
This menu allows you to set up various printing options which will be automatically selected whenever you turn the printer on:
PRINT QUALITY
This will select either Near Letter Quality lNLQ1 or Draft
[DRAFTC] mode.
PRINTPITCH
You may select a print pitch of either [lOCPI*] or
[ 12CPI] (L‘CPIIIstands for “characters per inch”), or proportional spacing [PROP].
CONDENSED
PRINT
You may select condensed print to be either [OF]
[ON] at power-up.
ITALIC PRINT
You may select italic printing to be either [OFFr] or [ONI
at power-up.
or
Paper Menu
OPTION ASF
AUTO LOADING
With this option, you may select or cancel the Automatic 1
Sheet Feeder option [OFF*] or [ONI.
1
When you load paper automatically, this option determines the number of lines by which the paper will be fed
forward from the top of the paper. The options range from
1 to 6, and the factory setting is 6.
AUTO LOADING
WF)
This option, like the one above, determines the number of
lines by which the paper will be fed forward from the top
of the paper, but here the option is determined for the
Automatic Sheet Feeder. Again, the options range from
1 to 6, and 6 is the factory setting.
PAPER-OUT
DETECTOR
Frequently, the printer will detect the lack of paper and
go off-line with a number of beeps if no paper is inserted
in the printer [ON*]. However, this can be disabled
mFl.
20
Forms Menu
This menu allows you to set various options associated with paper handling:
SHORT TEAR OFF
When using fanfold (continuous) paper, this Short Tear
Off option allows you to tear off one sheet of paper
without having to eject the whole of the following sheet.
If this option is set [ON*], when the paper reaches the top
of the form, it will automatically be advanced a little,
allowing you to tear off the paper easily. Set this option
to [OFFI if you do not want to use it.
SKIP OVER
PERFORATION
When using fanfold (continuous) paper, you may wish
printing to stop a little before the bottom of each sheet,
and start printing a little after the beginning of the next (in
other words, skipping over the perforation). This is useful
if you want to produce program listings, etc. This can be
enabled by setting this option [ONI, or, if using software
which performs this function automatically, it can be set
Wm.
AUTO LF
If set [ONI, this will expand all received carriage return
codes to a line feed and carriage return pair. However,
this may be set [OFF*] if your software demands it.
AUTO CR
If set [ON*], this function will expand all received line
feed codes to a carriage retum and line-feed pair. However, this may be set [OFF] if you do not want to be
expanded.
LINES PER INCH
This sets the number of lines per vertical inch which will
be printed to [3 LPI], [4 LPI], [6 LPI*] or [8 LPI].
PAGE LENGTH
The page length may be set by means of the DIP switches
[DIP-SW*] (see Chapter 5 for details) or to any of the
following lengths (in inches): 131, 13.51, [41, [X5], [6],
[7], [8], [8.5], [11.7] or [141. A4 paper is equivalent tc
11.7 inches, while the DIP switch settings of 11 inches
and 12 inches will normally be used for fanfold paper.
21
Factory settings
The following is a list of the settings set up at the factory, which may be restored by choosing the FAmORY SET option from the main menu:
coMb4ANDMENu
RAM USAGE
QUIET MODE
GRAPHICS DIRECTION
AUTO ON-LINE
[B-RI
DTI
[BII
KNI
FONT MENU
ZERO STYLE
NLQ FONT STYLE
[NOR==1
[COURIER]
PRINTMENU
PRINT QUALITY
PRINT PITCH
CONDENSED PRINT
ITALIC PRINT
[DRW
[locpIl
[OFFJ
WFI
PAPER MENU
OPTION ASF
AUTO LOADING
AUTO LOADING (ASF)
PAPER-OUT DETECTOR
WFl
[6 LINES]
[6 LINES]
mJl
FORMS MENU
SHORT TEAR OFF
SKIP OVER PERFORATION
AUTO LF
AUTO CR
LINES PER INCH
PAGE LENGTH (INCH)
22
WI
WFI
WFI
ml
[6 LPI]
[DIP-SW]
chapter
4
EMULATIONS
AND ESCAPE CODES
EMULATIONS
The printer has two emulation modes: standard mode and IBM mode.
In standard mode, the printer emulates the functions of the Epson EX-800
and EX- 1000 printers. Additional command codes am included as a superset
of these emulations.
L.
In IBM mode, the printer emulates the IBM Proprinter II. Additional
command codes are included as a superset of these emulations.
c
The emulation is changed by means of DIP switch 1. When ON, the printer
will be in standard mode, and when OFF, the printer will be in IBM emulation mode (see Chpter 5). It is not possible to change the emulation mode by
means of software control or the front panel controls.
NOTE
Remember to turn off the printer before making any DIP switch changes. 1
NUMERICAL REPRESENTATION
When in either standard or IBM mode, any numerical parameters taken by
command sequences are usually binary rather than ASCII numerical values.
In this manual, any ASCII values will be represented in quotes, eg “21” will
represent the ASCII string 32h concatenated with 31h (in BASIC,
CHR$(SO)+CHR$(S 1)). Usually in these examples, however, hexadecimal
values wilI be quoted, as shown by the lowercase “h” following the number,
eg 32h.
Binary numbers over FFh am obtained by dividing the number into two
bytes, the first being the low byte, and the second being the high byte. In this
way, the value 123h will be divided into the two following bytes: 23h and
Olh.
If negative numbers are required, they are obtained by subtracting the
absolute value of the negative number from 65536 (lOOOOh),and dividing
the result into high and low bytes. For instance, to represent the number - lOh,
the following operation is carried out:
23
<
1OOOOh
- 10h = FFFOh
and the result is divided into the two bytes of FOh and FFh.
If “non-printable” codes are given, ie those codes from OOhthrough 1Fh and
7Fh, these codes will be enclosed in angle brackets, for example <DCl>.
The name in the angle brackets is that assigned to the code in the ASCII convention. The name of the character should not be used, the binary value
should be input. In the same way, it should be noted that the angle brackets
are not to be input - they are merely there as delimiters in the printed text.
Of course, in a program, a meaningful variable name can be given to these
characters, for instance (the following example is written in BASIC):
10 ESC$=CHR$(27)
:BS$=CHR$(8)
20 LPRINT ESC$;BS$;
COMMAND CODES AND ESCAPE SEQUENCES
Some command codes are common to both the standard and IBM modes. In
the descriptions of the command codes, all command codes will be given,
together with a note of the modes to which each command code is applicable.
Most of the following command codes are available in both the standard
mode and the IBM emulation mode. If a command is common to both
modes, the descriptive heading is followed by “Both”. If the command is
specific to one mode, then either “Standard” or “IBM” will follow the
descriptive heading. Occasionally, there are two identical commands to
perform the same function. In these cases, the relevant sign follows the
escape sequence.
When parameters are given, the accompanying text describes whether the
parameter is an ASCII character or a binary value.
In the following descriptions, first the function of the command sequence is
given. This is followed by the emulation for which this command is
appropriate (“Standard”, “Both” or “IBM”).
24
-
Following the heading, the full form of the cornrnand is given, using the
ASCII names for control codes, eg <ESC> (the angle brackets on either side
of the name are not part of the name, being simply delimiters, and should not
be entered). Variable parameters am indicated by a letter (usually “n”), and
an optional number, enclosed in angle brackets (eg <no>). Where an
indefinite number of parameters are to be supplied, the <n>s are separated
by an ellipsis (,‘. . . “). The sequence is then given using hexadecimal codes
(two hexadecimal digits followed by a lowercase “h”), with variables again
represented by letters enclosed in angle brackets. The decimal equivalent
follows the hexadecimal. The following is an example:
L
Both
1 Example command
cESC>
CBS>
Cn>
1Bh
08h
Cn>
27
8
cm
1
(codes)
(hexadecimal)
(decimal)
Note that the above command sequence is for example purposes only - it
does not have any teal function.
25
Font style and character set control codes
Select italic characters
<ESC>
4
1Bh
34h
27
52
cFS>
4
Standard
IBM
The sequence above selects italic character printing.
Deselect italic printing
<ESC>
5
1Bh
35h
27
53
<FS>
5
1 1Ch
Standard
IBM
35h
53
The sequence above deselects italic printing.
1 Select print mode
1 <ESC>
X
Both
<II>
1Bh
78h
a>
27
120
<n>
1
I
This command selects the print mode for subsequent printing, where a> may be a
binary value of OOhor 01 h, or either of the ASCII characters “0” or “1” (30h or 3 1h).
If a> is equal to OOhor “O”, then Draft mode will be selected, and if equal to Olh
or “l”, then NLQ mode will be selected. All other parameters are invalid. This
command will also be ignored if Font Panel Lock has been selected.
26
Both
Select font
k
Cn>
6Bh
<II>
I
107
<n>
1
<ESC>
1 1Bh
27
The command above selects a typeface for subsequent NLQ printing, where <II> is
a binary value in the range of OOhto 07h. The following table shows the effect of
different values of this parameter:
BiIlaty
Value
Selected font
BiIliIIy
Value
Selected font
OOh
Courier
04h
Script
Olh
SanSerif
05h
OCR-B
02h
Letter-Gothic
03h
orator
06h
07h
TW-Light
Cinema
Any other parameters are invalid and will be ignored. This command will also be
ignored if Font Panel Lock has been selected.
Both
Select character table
1
<ESC>
t
C?D
1Bh
74h
<n>
27
116
<n>
I
The command above will select the character table to be used in subsequent printing,
where <n> can be a binary or ASCII value from OOhthrough 02h or “0” through “2”.
The following table shows the effect of this parameter:
Moves character set downloadedin OOhto 7Fh area to
Any other values are invalid and will be ignored.
27
Both
Select primary character set
7
<EK>
1Bh
37h
27
55
The command above selects the primary character set,
There are no parameters. The area from 80h to 9Fh is used for control codes.
Both
Select secondary character set
6
<ESC>
1Bh
36h
27
54
1
I
The command above selects the secondary character set
There are no parameters. The area from 80h to 9Fh is used for printable characters.
Select International character set
R
C?D
<Esc>
1Bh
52h
Cn>
27
82
CID
<FS>
R
C?D
1Ch
52h
Cn>
Standard
IBM
The command above selects an international character set, where <n> is a binary
value in the range OOhthrough OEh. The character set selected is dependent on the
value of cn>, as shown in the table below:
Value of 01>
1
International
Value of 01>
character set
International
character set
OOh
USA
08h
Japan
Olh
France
09h
Norway
02h
Germany
OAh
Denmark II
03h
England
OBh
04h
1 Denmark1
I
OCh
1 Latin America
I Sweden
1
ODh
I DenmaWNorwav
I Italy
I
OEh
1 Irish
06h
07h
Spain I
Spain II
I
I
Any other values of cn> are invalid and will be ignored. The special characters
affecting each symbol set are given in Chapter 9.
IBM
1 Print continuously from the Ail Characters Chart
<ES0
1
\
1Bh
5Ch
27
92
The command above allows a series of special characters to be printed from the
control code area (OOhthru Wh), where the two parameters give the total number of
characters to be printed (low byte first). On receipt of this command, any codes
received in the range OOhthrough 1Fh will not be interpreted as control codes, but
will print the characters corresponding to those codes. This will continue for the
number of characters designated by uro> and al>.
1 Print a single character from the Ail Character Chart
cESC>
A
1Bh
5Eh
IBM
1
The command above prints a single character from the All Characters Chart. There
arenoparameters.IfthenextcharactertobeprintedhasacodebetweenOOhandlFh,
it will not be treated as a control code, and the character corresponding to this code
will be primed.
1 Select/cancel undefined control code area
I
en>
1Bh
49h
Cn>
27
73
<n>
1 cESC>
Standard
1
I
This command selects the printablecode areaexpansion, where <n> may be a binary
valueofOOh orOlh,oreitherof theASCI1 characters”O”or “1” (30h or 31h). If <n>
is equal to OOhor “0”. then the undefined control code area remains as non-printable
codes. If en> is equl to Olh or “1”. those area shifts to the printable characters.
29
Font pitch control codes
Set pica pitch printing
P
<Esc>
1
27
Standard
I
80
The command above sets all subsequent printing to pica pitch. There are no
parameters. This command will be ignored if Pitch Panel Lock has been selected. It
may be canceIled by a cESC>M (elite pitch set) command.
Set pica pitch printing
IBM
The command above sets the print pitch to pica. There are no parameters. This
command is ignored if Pitch Panel Lock mode has been selected.
1 Set elite pitch printing
1 <ESC>
M
1 1Bh
4Dh
27
Both
(
I
77
The command above sets all subsequent printing to elite pitch. There are no
parameters. This command will be ignored if Pitch Panel Lock has been selected. It
may be cancelled by a <ESC> P (standard mode) or a <DG!> (IBM mode)
command.
Set elite pitch printing
<ESC>
1Bh
.*
3Ah
21
58
I
IBM
The command above sets the print pitch to elite. There are no parameters. This
command is ignored if Pitch Panel Lock mode has been selected.
30
I
Set condensed print mode
<ESC>
<SI>
1Bh
OFh
27
15
Both
cSI>
OFh
15
Either of the two commands above will set condensed print mode. There are no
parameters. Subsequent printing will take place at approximately 1.7 times the
number of characters/inch than was previously the case. This is cancelled on receipt
of a cDC2> command. This command will be ignored if Pitch Panel Lock mode has
been selected.
c,
1 Cancel condensed print mode
Standard
1
4X2>
.
12h
18
:
-
i
L
!
k_
The command above cancels the condensed print mode. There are no parameters. On
receipt of this command, all subsequent printing will be done at the pitch selected
prior to a cESC> cSI> or cSI> command. This command will be ignored if Panel
Pitch Lock mode has been selected.
Select/cancel proportional printing
*
I &SC>
D
<n>
1Bh
70h
<#
27
112
Cn>
Both
I
The sequence above selects or cancels proportional printing, where en> is a binary
or ASCII value from OOhthrough Olh or “0” through “1”. If ur>=OOh or “0”. then
proportional printing is deselected (cancelled), and if or>=01 h or “l”, then proportional printing is selected. This command will be ignored if Panel Pitch Lock mode
has been selected.
.
31
1 Set or cancel pica proportional pitch
<ESC>
P
<n>
1Bh
50h
Cn>
27
80
Cn>
IBM
1
The command above sets or cancels pica proportional pitch printing, where <n> is
abinaryvalueofeitherOOhorOlh.If<n>issettoOlh,thenpicaproportionalprinting
is enabled, and if cn> is set to OOh.then pica proportional printing is disabled. Any
other values of cn> with this command will set pica pitch, and the printer will attempt
to print cn>, If Panel Pitch Lock mode has been selected, then this command will be
ignored.
Special print mode control’codes
1 Select/cancel expanded printing
cESC>
W
1Bh
57h
27
87
Both
<n>
CfP
Cn>
The command above selects or cancels expanded printing, where cn> is a binary or
ASCII value from OOhthrough Olh or “0” through “1”. If <n>=OOhor “O”, then
expanded printing is deselected (cancelled), and if ol>=Olh or “l”, then expanded
printing is selected for all printing subsequent to the receipt of this command.
Select one-line expanded printing
<so>
cEsc>
1Bh
OEh
27
14
Both
<so>
Either of the commands above will select one-line expanded print. There are no
parameters. Expanded printing will be performed subsequent to the receipt of this
command until any of the following commands is received: cDC4>, cLD, cESC>
<LB, <VT>, cFl+, cESC> e
or cESC> W.
32
Cancel one-line expanded print
Both
<DC4>
14h
20
The command above cancels the one-line expanded print mode set by <SO> or
cESC> <SO>. There are no parameters.
Select Master print mode
<ESC>
!
Cn>
1Bh
21h
cn,
27
33
<)1>
Both
The command above selects a “Master print” mode, where en> is a binary value
composed of the addition of the following bit settings:
Hence, if condensed italic underlined print is required at 12cpi. the values of bits 2,
6.7 and 0 must be added together. This comes to (in decimal) 4+64+128+1= 197,
or (in hexadecimal) 04h+40h+80h+Olh=C5h. The master mode is hence a useful
way of selecting a number of print parameters simultaneously.
33
IBM
Select print mode
I
Cn>
49h
c?D
73
<?D
<ESC>
1 1Bh
27
The command above selects the print mode (resident/downloaded font, pitch),
where <n> is a binary value. The print mode selected by different values of 01> is
shown in the table below:
I-301
Printmode
I 0 I Draft
I
1 ]
1 3
1
Courier
I
I
Draft download
4
5
Draft download with elite pitch
6
I
I
Draft with elite pitch
NLQ download
I
7
Courier
This command is ignored if Panel Lock mode has been selected.
Select emphasized print mode
<ES0
1Bh
1
27
Both
E
45h
69
The command above selects the emphasized print mode. There are no parameters.
All characters printed subsequent to receipt of this command will be printed in
emphasized mode. This command is valid only in draft mode.
Cancel emphasized print mode
cESC>
F
1Bh
46h
27
70
Both
The command above cancels the emphasized print mode. There are no parameters.
All characters printed subsequent to receipt of this command will be printed in nonemphasized mode (cancelling the effect of the cESC> E command).
34
1 Select double-strike printing
1
Both
1
27
The command above will select the double-strike print mode. There are no parameters. Anycharactersprintedsubsequenttothemceiptofthiscommandwillbeprinted
in double-strike mode.
Cancel double-strike printing
H
cEsc>
1Bh
48h
27
72
Both
The command above will cancel the double-strike print mode. There are no
parameters. Any characters printed subsequent to the receipt of this command will
be printed in non-double-strike print mode (cancelling the effect of the cESC> G
command).
Select/cancel underline
Both
Cn>
<ES0
1Bh
2Dh
27
45
<II>
C#
The command above will select or cancel underlining, where cn> is a binary or
ASCII value which may take the values OOhthrough Olh or “0” through “1”. If the
value is OOhor W”, then underlining will be cancelled. If ol>=Ol h or “1”. then all
printable characters including spaces (but excluding horizontal tabs and IBM block
graphic characters) will be underlined.
Select/cancel overline
<ESC>
Both
<n>
1Bh
5Fh
27
95
<n>
CfD
The command above will sclectorcanceloverlining, where <PI>is a binary or ASCII
value which may take the values OOhthrough Olh or “0” through “1”. If the value
is OOhor “O”,then overlining will be cancelled. If oI>=Ol h or “1”. then all printable
characters including spaces (but excluding horizontal tabs) will be overlined.
35
Select superscript/subscript
<ES0
1
S
<?D
1Bh
53h
Cn>
27
83
<n>
Both
I
The command above will select either superscript or subscript printing, where <II>
is a binary or ASCII value which may take the values OOhthrough 01 h or “0” through
“1”. If the value is OOhor “0”. superscript printing will be selected, and if <n>=Olh
or “1”. then subscript printing will be selected.
Cancel superscript/subscript
1 <ESC>
T
1 1Bh
54h
27
Both
I
84
The command above will cancel superscript or subscript printing (if either has been
selected). Thenxuenopammeters. Ifeithersuperscriptorsubscriptprinting
hasbeen
selected, then printing subsequent to receipt of this command will be in the normal
position.
Line space control codes
Line feed
Both
<LF>
OAh
10
The command above advances the paper one line. There are no parameters. If Auto
CR has been selected, a carriage return will also be generated on receipt of a Line
Feed character. l/6 inch line spacing will automatically be selected at power-on.
Reverse line feed
<ESC>
CLD
1Bh
I)Ah
27
10
Both
The command above will reverse line-feed the paper one line. There are no
parameters. l/6 inch line spacing is automatically selected at power-on.
36
-
Set line spacing to l/8 inch
1
1Bh
30h
27
48
Both
1
There are no parameters. The command above sets line spacing to l/8 inch, where
“0” is the ASCII value “0”.
Set line spacing to 7/72 inch
1
<ESC>
1
27
49
Both
There are no parameters. The command above sets line spacing to 7/72 inch, where
“1” is the ASCII value “1”.
1 Set line spacing to l/6 inch
&SC>
Standard
1
2
1Bh
32h
27
50
There are no parameters. The command above sets line spacing to l/6 inch, where
“2” is the ASCII value ‘2”.
1 Set line spacing to n/216 inch
1 <ES0
3
1Bh
33h
27
51
Both
1
<II>
I
The command above allows precise control of line spacing, where CID is a binary
value. Upon receipt of this command, the line spacing will be set to <n>/216 inch.
37
Set line spacing to W72 inch
A
en)
cEsc>
1 1Bh
27
Standard
41h
65
Cn>
The command above sets the line spacing in increments of l/72 inch, where <II> is
a binary value. On receipt of this command, line spacing will be set to cn>f72 inch.
1 Define line spacing (l/72 inch increments)
<ES0
1Bh
27
A
C?D
41h
65
<?D
IBM
1
Cn>
The command above defines line spacing in l/72 inch increments, where <n> is an
optional binary value ifit is not equal to zero, ou defines the line spacing which will
be implemented after an &SC>2 command has been received. If <n> = 0, then the
current value of line spacing set by a previous cBSC>A command will remain in
force.
Execute <ES&A
definition
<ESC>
2
1Bh
32h
27
50
IBM
The command above executes the line spacing previously defined by the cESC>A
command. Thereare no parameters. Ifan <ESC>A sequence has not previously been
entered, then line spacing will be set at 1/6th inch. If an <BSC>A sequence has been
received prior to this command, then any subsequent line feeds will move the paper
by the amount specified by the cESC>A command.
One-time line feed (in l/216 inch increments)
cESC>
J
1Bh
4Ah
27
74
Both
en>
<FIB
c?P
The command above causes a precise paper feed, where OI> is a binary value. On
receipt of this command, the paper will be fed forward by 01>/216 inch. No carriage
return will take place, and the current line spacing value will be unaffected.
36
-
-
Reverse one-time line feed (in l/216 inch increments)
Both
<ESC>
J
C?D
1Bh
6Ah
<n>
The command above causes a precise reverse paper feed, where cn> is a binary
value. Onreceiptofthiscommand,thepaperwillbefedbackwardsbyor>/.216inch.
No carriage return will take place, and the current line spacing value will be unaffected.
Set vertical print position (in lines)
1
<?D
f
cEsc>
1
1Bh
66h
31h
Cn>
27
102
49
cn>
Both
I
The command above sets the next vertical print position, where cn> is a binary value
specifying the number of lines (at current line pitch setting) down from the current
position at which printing will next take place. In the command the binary character
Olh can be substituted for the ASCII character “1”.
Form feed control codes
1 Form feed
Both
t
<FD
I
OCh
l m
The command above will cause a form feed. There are no parameters. On receipt of
this command, the printer will print all data stored in the print buffer, and will move
to the top of the next page (as determined by the form length set by &SC> C or
cESC> C< NuL>. A carriage return (to the left margin) will also take place. If the
ASF has been selected, this command functions as a page eject command.
39
Both
Reverse feed to top of form
cESC>
<FF>
1Bh
OCh
12
27
The command above reverses the paper to the top of the form. There are no
parameters. On receipt of this command, the paper will be fed backwards to the top
of the current page. A carriage return (to the left margin) will also take place. This
command is invalid if the ASF has been selected.
Both
Set page length (in inches)
<ESC>
C
CNULB
CID
1Bh
43h
OOh
Cn,
27
67
0
Cn>
The command above sets the page length in inches, where cn> is a binary value
(15~~122 in standard mode, Ken>1127 in IBM mode) representing the new page
length in inches. The bottom margin is reset, and the current line after execution of
this command is made the new top of form.
Set page length (in lines)
<ESC>
C
CID
1Bh
43h
<ID
27
67
CfD
Both
The command above sets the page length in lines, where <II> is a binary value
(11cn>1127 in standard mode, lI<n>1255 in IBM mode). The new page length is
set according to the current line spacing value. Subsequent changes of the line
spacing value will not affect the page length. The bottom margin is reset, and the
current line after execution of this command is made the new top of form. This command is invalid if the line spacing is set to 0.
40
IBM
Set top-of-form
4
cEsc>
1Bh
34h
27
52
Thecommandabovesetsthetopof-formpositionatthecurrentpaperposition.
There
are no parameters. On receipt of this command, the topof-form position will be set
to the current paper position.
Margins and vertical tab setting control codes
1 Move to next vertical tab position
I <VT>
Both
1
I
OBh
11
The command above moves the paper to the next vertical tab position. There are no
parameters. On receipt of this command, the printer prints data stored in the print
buffer, and the paper moves to the next vertical tab position or (if there are no more
vertical tab positions on the page), to the top of the next page. If no vertical tab positions have been set with the <ESD B command or if they have been cleared, the
paper moves forward by one line.
1 Set vertical tab positions
B
cno>
I cEsc>
Both
1
cNuL>
I
...
cd>
1Bh
42h
cno>
...
cd>
OOh
27
66
cno>
...
cd>
00
The command above sets vertical tab positions, where the values represented by
cno> to cnl> are binary values giving the vertical tab positions in lines from the top
of the page. The values given must be in ascending order. If they are not, the sequence
will be terminated. The sequence must end with a <NuL> (ASCII Oh). If no values
are given between the cESC> B and the <NuL>, then all vertical tab positions previously set will be cleared. Printing will start on the (cn>+l th) line in standard mode,
and the (cn>th) line in IBM mode.
41
Select vertical form unit (VFU) channel
<ESC>
I
1Bh
2m
47
27
Both
On>
Ott>
On>
The command above selects a VFU within which all subsequent <VT> commands
will be executed, where on> is a binary value from 0 to 7. Different sets of vertical
tabs can be stored in different channels using the cESC> b command, and selected
using this command.
Both
Set VFU vertical tabs
cESC>
b
On>
1Bh
62h
On>
27
98
On>
010,
cno>
...
cd>
...
-all>
...
C?ll>
<NuLB
OOh
0
The command above sets vertical tabs inside a VFD, where on> is the VFU channel
(olon><7) (accessed by the <ES- / cm> command), and subsequent absolute
values (in lines) of vertical tabs (accessed by the <VT> command) are represented
by 010> to cnZ>. These values must be given in ascending order, otherwise the
command will be terminated. The sequence must end with a cNUL> @Oh). If no
vertical tab values are given between the channel number and the cNULz-, then all
previous vertical tab positions set for that channel will be cleared.
Set relative vertical tab positions
Both
<ESC>
e
1
<n>
1Bh
65h
31h
Cn>
27
101
49
Cn,
The command above will set relative vertical tab positions, where <n> is a binary
value giving the distance in lines between vertical tabs set by this command. The
vertical tabs set by this command are subsequently accessed by the <VT, command.
All vertical tabs previously set are cleared. Instead of the ASCII “l”, the binary Olh
character can be used.
42
_
Both
[ Set top margin
<ESC>
C
<n>
1Bh
63h
<n>
27
99
Cn>
1
The command above sets the top margin, where o1> is a binary value which specifies
the height of the top margin to the first printed line in lines (at the current line pitch
setting). Printing will start on the (ol>+lth) line on the page. Subsequent changes
to the line pitch setting will not affect this value.
Both
1 Set bottom margin
<ESC>
1 1Bh
1
27
1
N
<n>
4Eh
en>
I
I
78
Cn>
I
The command abolre sets the bottom margin, where cn> is a binary value specifying
the bottom margin depth in lines at the current line pitch setting. If the page length
is reset (with the +&XX or cESC>C<NUL> commands), the effect of this
command will be lost. Subsequent changes to the line pitch setting, however, will not
affect the length set by this command.
Both
) Cancel top and bottom margins
1 <ESC>
c.
L
4Fh
27
79
The command above cancels the settings for top and bottom margins. There are no
parameters.
Set left and right margins
1 1Bh
27
L
I
I
0
1Bh
<ESC>
h.
)
X
<n,
Both
Cn,
58h
<II>
CID
1
88
<to
<n>
I
The command above sets the left and right margins, where the two values represented by the cnx are binary numbers used for setting the left and right margins
respectively. Margins are set at the current horizontal pitch.
i.
d
43
Both
Set left margin
<ESC>
1
<n>
1Bh
6Ch
Cn>
27
108
C?D
The command above sets the left margin, where ‘7” is a lowercase “I.,” (not “one”),
and cn> is a binary value used to set the left margin. ‘Ihe margin is defined in terms
ofthenumberofcharacterpositionsatcurrentpitch.
Ifproportional spacing hasbeen
selected, then the character width for pica pitch is used. The left margin may not be
closer than two print positions to the right margin, otherwise this command is
ignored.
Set right margin
<ESC>
0
1Bh
51h
27
81
cFS>
Q
1Ch
51h
28
81
t
Standard
I
C?D
The command above sets the right margin, where OI> is a binary value used to set
the right margin in character spaces at the current pitch. If proportional spacing has
been selected, then the character width for pica pitch is used.
Horizontal print position control codes
Carriage return
4X>
Both
1 ODh
13
The command above performs a carriage return. The print head will return to the
beginning of the print line. If AUTO LF has been set up with the Memory Switches,
a line feed will be performed as will (at the current line spacing).
44
-
IBM
Set/cancel automatic line feed
CID
5
cEsc>
1Bh
35h
Cn>
27
53
Cn>
The command above sets or cancels automatic line feed, where <n> is a binary value
of either OOhor Olh. If <n>=Olh, then whenever the printer receives a <CR> (ODh),
a line feed will automatically be added by the printer. If cn>=OOh,then this function
will be cancelled.
Both
Move to next horizontal tab
<Hn
09h
9
L
L
The command above moves the print head to the next horizontal tab setting. There
are no parameters. If there are no horizontal tabs set on the line following the current
print position, this command is ignored. If underlining is on, then slopped print
positions are not underlined.
Both
1 Set/clear horizontal tabs
D
.. .
Cd>
1Bh
44h
...
d>
27
67
...
Cd>
<ES6
! L
! .
1
<NULB
OOh
0
The command above sets horizontal tabs, where <nQ, and cd> are binary values
representing the new tab positions. If no values are given, all tab stops are cleared.
The default tab setting is every eight characters. Tabs are set at the current character
pitch. If proportional spacing has been selected, then pica pitch is used for
determining the positions of the tabs. In Standard mode, once the tabs have been set,
the position of the tabs will remain the same if the character pitch is changed. In the
IBM mode, the tab settings will change relative to the new character pitch if the
character pitch is changed.
45
IBM
1 Restore tabs to default settings
<Esc>
R
1Bh
52h
27
82
1
1
The command above restores all tabs (vertical and horizontal) to default settings.
There are no parameters. On receipt of this command, all vertical tab settings will
be cleared, and all horizontal tabs will be reset to every eighth position, starting at
column 9.
Set relative horizontal tab positions
<n>
ax>
e
0
1
1Bh
65h
30h
<n>
27
101
48
Cn>
Both
-
I
The command above sets horizontal tabs, where cn> is a binary value. On
receipt of this command, all horizontal tabs will be cleared, and new ones inserted
every -a> characters. These horizontal tabs can be accessed with an <l-IT> command.
/ Set horizontal print position
Both
f
0
CtP
1Bh
66h
30h
Cn>
27
102
48
1 <ESC>
CtD
The command above sets the next horizontal print position, where UD is a binary
value. The next horizontal printing will take place OI> character spaces (at current
print pitch) from the current horizontal print position.
46
1
I
Both
1 Set iustification mode
1 cESC>
1Bh
21
1
I
a
cn>
61h
97
CTD
<n>
The command above will set the justification mode in which the printer prints
received data, where 01> is a binary or ASCII value in the range OOh(or W”) through
02h (or “2”). The meanings of these values are shown in the table below:
Value
Meaning
ooh. “0”
Left justification
centering
Olh. “1”
1
02h. “2”
I Right justification
The default (when the printer is first turned on) is left justification.
Standard
1 Produce character space
<SP>
Cn>
1Bh
20h
Cn>
27
32
cn>
I &SC>
1
I
‘Ihe command above produces a space character, where <SF5 is the ASCII space
character (20h), and 01> is a binary value from 0 through 127 giving the space width
in dots. When in draft mode, the dot spacing is l/120 inch, and when in NLQ, the dot
spacing is l/240 inch. If in superscript or subscript printing, the dot spacing is the
same as above, but if in expanded mode, the resolution is half the above.
Select next horizontal print position (by dot)
cnO>
cd>
<ESC>
$
1Bh
24h
dh
cd>
27
36
alo>
cd>
Both
The command above will start subsequent printing at a horizontal position determined by dot spacing, where ore> and al> are two binary numbers (low byte first)
specifying the number of dots (at l/60 inch spacing) by which the print head will
move to the right from the left margin. If the subsequent print position is beyond the
right margin, then printing will start at the left margin.
47
Move print head
\
<Esc>
cd>
Standard
1Bh
5Ch
Cd>
27
92
alo>
CJll>
<FS>
\
uto>
1Ch
5Ch
c?to>
28
92
cd>
cd>
cd>
IBM
The command above moves the print head relative to the last print position, where
uro> and <nl> are two binary numbers (low byte first) specifying the amount (in
inches) by which the print head will move from the last print position. The number
represented by the parameters signifies movement in 1/12Othsinch. A positive value
will move the print head to the right, and a negative value will move it to the left. See
“Numerical Representation” for details of how negative values are represented in
this way.
.-
Downloaded character control codes
Copy standard ROM font into RAM
cESC>
cNUI2tandard
cn>
1Bh
27
3Ah
58
<FS>
.
1Ch
3Ah
58
28
OOh
<n>
OOh
0
<n>
0
<NuL>
<n>
CNUL>
OOh
Cn>
OOh
0
-en>
0
IBM
1
The command above copies the characters from the selected character set with 01>,
as shown below, into the download RAM area. <NuL> is the ASCII character OOh.
This command is only valid if “DOWNWARD” has been selected in the RAM
USAGE menu of the Memory Switch (see Chapter 3 for details). All characters from
20h to FFh are copied. Regardless of the character set, the characters 80h to 9Fh are
copied. However, the block characters of the IBM character set (BOh through DFh,
F4h and F5h) are copied as space characters.
Binary
Value
46
Selected font
BiItaly
Value
Selected font
OOh
Courier
04h
Script
Olh
SanSd
05h
OCR-B
02h
bter-&thic
Mh
TW-Light
03h
oralor
07h
Cinema
_
1 Define draft download character(s)
Both
1
<ESC>
&
<NuL>
<cl>
<c2>
en>
cdl>
...
cdn>
1Bh
3Dh
OOh
ccl>
<c2>
c?D
cdl>
...
cd0
27
61
0
<cl>
<c2>
CR>
cdl>
.. .
cd0
The command above enables the definition of “soft”characters to be downloaded.
This command is only valid if “DCWNLOAD” has been selected in the RAM
USAGE menu of the Memory Switch (see Chapter 3 for details), and the draft mode
has been selected before this command is executed.
The following rules are observed. <cl> and <c2> are binary values which determine
the character range which will be replaced by downloaded data. For instance, if
ccl>=20h and cc2>=30h, all characters from 20h through 30h will be overwritten
by the downloaded data. If a downloaded character is stored in the area 80h through
9Fh, it can only be printed in the character set #2 mode. It is possible to store
downloaded characters in the part of the character set reserved for IBM block
graphics (BOh through DFh, F4h and F5h). but these characters can only be printed
when the standard character set has been selected.
Eachcharacterisdefmedbyanattributebyte(ou)andll&~bytes(<dl>...<dn>).
The attribute byte, ol>. indicates whether the character is an ascender (not using the
lowest of the nine vertical dots) or a descender (not using the highest dot). It also
indicates the amount of white space to the left of the character (0 to 7 dots), and the
width of the character cell, including this space (4 to 15 dots). The left space and cell
width attributes are used only in proportional spacing.
Each data byte indicates eight vertical dots, with the MSB being the top dot and the
LSB the bottom dot. These correspond to pins 1 to 8 or 2 to 9 of the print head,
depending on whether the character is an ascender or descender.
49
IBM
1 Define draft download character(s)
cESC>
1 1Bh
1
27
=
aI>
d>
<DC4> cm>
<al>
<a2>
<a2>
3Dh
cnl>
<d>
14h
a>
<al>
61
cd>
012~
20
em
Cal> a2>
<dl>
... <dll>
<dl>
... <dll>l
1
cdl> ... cdll>l
The command above enables the defmition of “soft” characters to be downloaded.
This command is only valid if “DCWNLOAD” has been selected in the RAM
USAGE menu of the Memory Switch (see Chapter 3 for details), and the draft mode
has been selected before this command is executed.
The following rules are observed. cnl>and 012~ give the number of bytes of
character data that will follow. <m> is the character code of the first character
defined. <al> and &I> are attributes bytes:<dl> to cdll>are the character data,
and are the same as in &SC> “&“. The attribute byte <al> indicates whether the
character is an ascender (not using the lowest of the nine vertical dots) or a descender
(not using the highest dot) and whether it has a downward extension to 12 dots.
The attribute byte CL&=gives proportional-spacing information. Bit 7 is ignored.
Bits 4 to 6 specify the offset to the first byte printed (0 to 7), enabling leading spaces
inthecharactertobeignored. BitsOto3 specify the widthof thecharactercell (maximum 11 dots). The character will be followed by a mandatory blank dot column
which is not included in this width
Characters defined by this command can be selected by <ESc> % 1, cESC> 14,
<ESC> I 5, or cESC> 16.
Both
1 Define NLQ download character(s)
<ESC>
&
<al>
ca2>
1Bh
<al>
26h
-Ql2>
CNUb
<n>
OOh
C?P
27
38
0
<al>
ca2>
Cn>
ccl>
...
<cl>
...
<cl>
...
<c2>
1
cao>
<n>
cc2>
cab
<n>
cc2>
cab
Cn>
The command above enables the definition of “soft” characters to be downloaded.
The following rules are observed. ccl>and cc2> are binary values which determine
the character range which will be replaced by downloaded data. For instance, if
ccl>=20h and cc2>=30h, all characters from 20h through 30h will be overwritten
by the downloaded data. If a downloaded character is stored in the area 80h through
9Fh, it can only be printed in the character set #2 mode. It is possible to store
downloaded characters in the part of the character set reserved for IBM block
50
graphics @Oh through DFh, F4h and F5h), but these characters can only be printed
when the standard character set has been selected.
<a@, <al> and c&2> are attribute bytes, setting the starting dot column, printable
width (in dots), and ending dot column respectively.
The vertical definition of the characters is 18 dots. Each byte therefore represents a
third of the vertical definition. If <n> bytes are required for a character, the
arrangement of these bytes is as follows (where the byte numbers are represented by
decimal numbers, starting at 0). and the total width of the character has been defined
by the parameter dx
Bit
number
1st
Byte
2nd
Byte
3rd
Byte
51
Select download/standard character set
cESC>
%
<n>
1Bh
25h
<n>
1 27
37
-30
Both
I
The command above selects either the standard or downloaded character set, where
01> is a binary value (OOhor Olh) or an ASCII value (“0” or”1”). If cn> equals OOh
or “0”, the standard character set is selected. This is the default value at power-on.
If Olh or “1” has been selected, then the downloaded character set is selected.
Graphics
The following commands relate to the graphical capabilities of the printer (bit image
mode). All bit-image printing is carried out as raster graphics (ie data is accepted in
blocks, and then printed as adjacent lines of graphics one dot wide).
Select bit image mode
<ESC>
...
1Bh
.,.
27
...
On>
cno>
al>
Both
<do>
2Ah
-an>
cnb
al>
<do>
-ain>
42
ain>
On>
<no>
all>
-do>
*
ain>
The command above selects one of the graphic modes available on the printer and
prints graphic data, where on> is a binary value representing the graphics mode (see
table below), and cnO> and al> are binary values (low byte first) giving the number
of graphic data bytes following (as represented by uio> . . . cdru).
The actual
number of data bytes varies according to the graphic mode chosen. The number of
data bytes is equal to the number of graphic columns to be printed.
[Graphic print modes]
~1
* Adjacent dots are not printable in this mode.
52
melationship of bit number to dot position]
When the printer is printing bit-image data, the relationship of dots to pins used is
as follows:
Pin number
Bit
number
Both
Select &dot normal density
cESC>
K
cno>
Cd>
<do>
...
cdn>
1Bh
4Bh
ulo>
-al>
<do>
...
-ain>
27
75
cno,
Cd>
<do>
...
-ain>
The command above selects 8dot normal density bit-image printing, where <nO>
and cd> are binary values (low byte first) representing the number of data bytes
following the command The data bytes are represented by <do> . . . <dn>. This
command has the same effect as cESQ * 0.
Both
Select 8-dot double-density
<ESC>
L
alo>
al>
<do>
...
cdn>
1Bh
4Ch
ore>
all>
<do>
...
cdn>
27
76
cno>
al>
<do>
...
cdn>
The command above selects 8-dot double-density bit-image printing, where cno>
and cnl> are binary values (low byte first) representing the number of data bytes
following the command. The data bytes are represented by <do> . . . do.
This
command has the same effect as <ES6 * 1.
53
Select 8-dot double-speed double-density
Y
Cd>
<do,
<EsC>
-all>
1Bh
59h
<do>
cd>
89
<do>
27
...
...
...
Both
da>
cdn>
ain>
The command above selects 8-dot double-speed, double-density bit-image printing,
where cnO, and cd > are binary values (low byte fmt) representing the number of
data bytes following the command. The data bytes are represented by <do> . . . <dn>.
This command has the same effect as <ESC> * 2.
Set &dot quadruple-density
Z
all>
cEsc>
1Bh
5Ah
#o>
all>
cd>
27
90
cno>
<do>
cue
<do>
...
...
...
Both
cdn>
<dn>
cdn>
The command above selects 8-dot quadruple-density bit-image printing, where
or& and cd> are binary values (low byte first) representing the number of data
bytes following the command. The data bytes are represented by <do> . . . <dn>.
This command has the same effect as cESC> * 3.
Both
Redefine bit-image mode
?
<Esc>
1Bh
3Fh
27
63
Cd>
al>
Cd>
The command above redefines a bit-image mode to another mode, where un& is
the mode to be redefined. This may take the ASCII values “K”, “L”, “Y” or “Z”.
on1> is a binary value representing the mode to which cmo> is redefined, being a
value used after the cBSC> * command (0 through 7). If any of the modes
represented by cm& are subsequently selected, bit-image printing will now take
place in the mode as defmed by cm1>.
Select 8-dot graphics
cEsc>
A
on>
-ato>
1Bh
5Eh
on>
010>
27
94
cm>
OIO,
cd>
cd>
cd>
<do>
<do>
<do>
Standard
<de
...
cdn>
...
cdn>
...
The command above selects the 9dot bit image mode, where cm> is a binary value
representing the graphics mode (see table below), and cno> and cd> arebinary
54
-
values (low byte first) giving the number of graphics data bytes following (as
represented by cd& ... <dn>). The number of data byte is twice the number of
graphics columns to be printed.
Miscellaneous codes
The following commands do not relate specifically to graphics, but have more
general applications:
1 Set MSB to 1
Both
<ESC>
>
1Bh
3Eh
27
62
1
The command above sets the MSB to 1. There are no parameters. On receipt of this
command, the most significant bit (MSB) of subsequent data will always be set to
1.
Set MSB to 0
<ES0
=
1Bh
3Dh
27
61
<FS>
=
1Ch
3Dh
28
61
Standard
IBM
The command above sets the MSB to 0. There are no parameters. On receipt of this
command, the most significant bit (MSB) of subsequent data will always be set
to 0.
55
Both
1 Cancel MSB control
<ESC>
#
1Bh
23h
I
I
The command above cancels software control of the MSB. There are no parameters.
On receipt of this command, software control of the most significant bit (MSB) by
the <ESC>>, <ESC>= (standard) or <FS>= (IBM) commands, will be cancelled.
Both
1 Select zero style
<ESC>
1
<rP
1Bh
7Eh
Cn>
27
126
ClD
-
The command above selects the style in which zeroes will subsequently be printed,
where -a>is either a binary value of OOhor Olh or an ASCII value of “0” or “1”. If
01> is OOhor “0”, then “normal” (non-slashed) zeroes will be printed, but if it is 01h
or “l”, then the “computer-style” (slashed) zero style will be printed (this overrides
the Memory Switch setting, in Chapter 3).
Backspace
Both
I
1 CBS>
08h
The command above moves the print head back one position. There are no
parameters. This command moves the print head back one position (at current
spacing) to the left. If proportional spacing has been selected, the print head will
move back by a distance equal to the width of the last character printed. It does not
delete the last character.
Cancel last character
1 <DEL>
Standard
I
7Fh
127
The command above deletes the last character transmitted to the printer. There are
no parameters. This code is effectively a destructive backspace.
56
_
-
I Cancel last line
Both
1
<CAN>
1
18h
24
The command above deletes the last line transmitted to the printer. There are no
parameters. The last line transmitted to the printer will be erased from the printer’s
buffer.
Set printer off-line
Standard
ac3>
13h
I
19
The command above sets the printer off-line. There are no parameters. This command is not equivalent to pressing the i ?NLIWE~
button on the front panel when the
printer is on-line, as after the cDC3> command has been received, the printer will
ignore any data transmitted to it, except for the cDCl> command (below).
Set printer on line
Both
<DCl>
The command above sets the printer on-line after a cDC3> command (above). There
are no parameters.
Deselect printer (10” carriage model only)
<ESC>
Q
<ETX>
1Bh
51h
03h
27
81
3
IBM
The command above deselects the printer. There are no parameters. This command
will deselect the printer, forcing it to disregard all data and command codes until a
<DCl> (1 lh) command is received to put the printer back on-line. This command
applies only to the model of printer equipped with a 10” carriage.
57
Deselect printer (15” carriage model only)
<ESC>
1
0
IBM
<sYN>
27
The command above deselects the printer. There are no parameters. This command
will deselect the printer, forcing it to disregard all data and command codes until a
cDCl> (1 lh) command is received to put the printer back on-line. This command
applies only to the model of printer equipped with a 15” carriage.
Both
1 Sound buzzer
1
-
07h
7
The command above sounds the printer’s buzzer. There are no parameters.
Disable paper-out detection
<ES0
8
27
56
1
Both
I
The command above disables the printer’s paper-out detection. There are no
parameters. This overrides the setting made by the Memory Switch settings (Chapter
3).
Enable paper-out detection
<ESC>
9
1Bh
39h
27
57
Both
The command above enables the printer’s paper-out detection. There are no
parameters. This overrides the setting made by the Memory Switch settings (Chapter
3).
56
-
Both
I Enable/disable bidirectional printing
I
U
<to
1Bh
55h
cn>
27
85
Cn>
1 cESC>
1
Thecommandaboveenablesordisablesbidirectionalprinting,
where-> isabinary
value of either OOhor Olh or an ASCII value of either “0” or”1”. If <n> is set to OOh
or “0”. then bidirectional printing will be performed, and if it is Olh or “1”. then
unidirectional printing will be performed subsequent to the receipt of this command.
If the Memory Switch setting has been made for bidirectional printing, this
command will be ignored.
Enable unidirectional printing for one line only
Both
<
<ESC>
The command above enables unidirectional printing for one line only. There are no
parameters. Printing will be performed from left-to-right for the current line only.
I Define macro instruction
Both
cESC>
+
cdl>
...
cd0
1Bh
2Bh
cdl>
.. .
cdn>
1Eh
27
43
cdl>
...
dn>
30
1
<RS>
The command above cancels any existing macro instruction and replaces it with the
defined instruction. The defined macro instruction consists of the characters between the “+” and cRS>. These can be any printable characters or control characters
except cRS>, up to a maximum of 16 characters.
Execute macro instruction
<ES0
Both
+
1Bh
2Bh
OOh
27
43
0
The command above executes a previously defined macro instruction.
59
Enable/disable large character printing
h
68h
Cn>
1Bh
27
104
cn>
<ESC>
Both
<n>
The command above enlarges whole or part of characters, or cancels such enlargement, where cn> is a binary value of OOhthrough 06h or an ASCII value of “0’
through “6”.
~1
-
Double-high, double-wide (Lower half only)
04h, “4”
Double-high, double-wide (Upper half only)
05h. “5”
Quadruple-high, quadruple-wide (Lower half only)
06h, “6”
Quadruple-high, quadruple-wide (Upper half only)
It is the user’s responsibility to alter the line pitch so that it is in accordance with the
new character height, and to produce a line feed at the new pitch in order to leave
sufficient space for the new characters. If there aredifferent sizes of print on the same
line, the printing will be aligned along the top of the characters. Any previous commands for enlargement (vertical or horizontal) of characters will be cancelled by this
command.
Enable/disable double-height mode
<ESC>
W
<n>
1Bh
77h
<n>
27
119
Cn>
Both
The command above enables or disables double-height printing, where cn> is a
binary value of either OOhor 01 h or an ASCII value of either “0” or”1”. If o1> is set
to OOhor “O”, then double-height printing is cancelled. If 01> is set to 01 h or “1”.
then double-height printing is enabled. ‘Ihe character width is unaffected. It is the
user’s responsibility to alter the line pitch so that it is in accordance with the new
character height, and to produce a line feed at the new pitch in order to leave
sufficient space for the new characters. If there are different sizes of print on the same
line, the printing will be aligned along the bottom of the normal-sized characters.
Any previous commands for vertical enlargement of characters will be cancelled by
this command.
60
Both
Select character height, width, line spaclng
cESC>
1
1Bh
27
5Bh
91
@
40h
64
CnoB
<nz>
cd>
cd>
cnO~
al>
<NuLa<NuL>
OOh
OOh
cd>
cK?>
-alo>
al>
0
0
cnb
cd>
The command above is used to control character height, width and line spacing,
where cno> and cnl> (low byte first) ate used to supply the number of subsequent
data bytes (1 or 2). The effect of the two data bytes (ur2> and <n3>) is determined
as follows:
Any superscript/subscript or condensed mode print settings previously selected will
be cancelled. but if double-height printing is cancelled, the printer will return to
superscript/subscript or condensed mode printing, if these were selected previously.
Any previous commands for vertical character enlargement are cancelled by this
command. If double-height and normal-sized characters are printed in the same line,
then the printing will be aligned along the bottom of the normal-sized characters.
61
i
Both
Set/cancel immediate mode
1
<ESC>
i
<n>
1Bh
69h
Cn>
27
105
Cn>
The command above selects or cancels the “immediate” print mode, where ou is
a binary value of either OOhor Olh or an ASCII value of either “0” or “1”. If ou is
set to OOhor “0”. then immediate printing is cancelled. If ou is set to Olh or “1”.
then immediate printing is enabled. In immediate print mode, each character is sent
straight to the print head as it is received from the host computer (unbuffered), and
the paper moves up so that it is possible to read what is on the paper, similar to a
typewriter.
-
Both
Reset
cEsc>
@
1Bh
40h
27
64
The command above resets the printer. There are no parameters. On receipt of this
command, the buffer is cleared, and all settings (with the following exceptions) are
restored to their power-up values.
l
ASF settings made with the <ES0
l
Panel mode settings
EM command
ASF (Automatic Sheet Feeder) control
cESC>
<EM>
<to
1Bh
19h
Cn>
27
25
<n>
Both
-
command above controls the operation of the ASF, where <EM> is the ASCII
code 19h, and <n> may take the binary values OOhor 04h or the ASCII values “R”
or “T’. The effect of these values is summarized below:
The
1 Value 1 Effect
OOh
Select manual mode
Mh
Select auto mode
“R”
Eject paper
‘T
Set top print position. This parameter must be
followed by another binary value (>l) signifying the distance (in l/6 inch units) at which
printing should start below the top of the paper.
These commands will be ignored if the ASF has not been selected.
ASCII command sequences
command above sequences anz not preceded by a <ES0 or <FS> character, but
instead are preceded by double parentheses, thus “((“. They apply equally to both the
standard and the IBM emulation modes. They are given below:
The
I Select font
(
(
F
1
1
Cn>
29h
Cn>
41
Cn>
28h
28h
46h
29h
40
40
70
41
The command above selects a font, where -UD is an ASCII value which may take
the following values:
OD
Effect
cm
Effect
‘.0 *,
courier
6.5 9,
OCR-B
4‘19.
SanSaif
,a6 9,
TW-Light
6‘
Letter-Gothic
“7”
Cinema
2
9.
“3”
orator
I “4”
I Script
Draft
‘Y
I
I
63
Select/cancel Italic print
Both
(
(
I
1
29h
<ID
49h
1
29h
28h
28h
40
40
73
41
41
<n>
Cn>
The command above selects or cancels italic printing, where cn> is an ASCII value
which may be either “1” or “0”. Any other values will be ignored. If 01> = “1” then
italic printing is enabled, and if cn> = “O”, then italic printing is cancelled.
Select/cancel bold prlnt
Both
(
(
B
)
29h
<n>
42h
1
29h
28h
40
28h
40
66
41
41
CtP
<II>
The command above selects or cancels bold printing, where cn> is an ASCII value
which may be either”1” or”0”. Any other values will be ignored. If <n> = “1”then
bold printing is enabled, and if cn> = “O”, then bold printing is cancelled.
Select/cancel underline
28h
40
28h
40
Both
2Dh
29h
29h
Cn>
45
41
41
<rP
The command above selects or cancels underlining, where 01> is an ASCII value
which may be either “1” or “0”. Any other values will be ignored. If UP=?” then
underlining is enabled, and if ol>=“O”, then underlining is cancelled.
[ Select/cancel expanded print
(
(-
-s
Both
1
1
1
<n>
28h
28h
53h
29h
29h
Cn>
40
40
83
41
41
<?D
The command above selects or cancels expanded printing, where cn> is an ASCII
value from “Cl”through “3”. The effect of or> is given in the table below:
64
1 “0”
1 Normal 1 Normal 1
Select color printing (with color option only)
C
1
(
(
I
Both
1
Cn>
28h
28h
43h
29h
29h
Cn>
40
40
67
41
41
Cn>
The command above selects the color to be printed when the color option is fitted,
where 01> is an ASCII value from “0” through “6”. The color selected by cn> is
shown in the table below:
‘
I
“Y
I Blue
Control ASF
L
L.
..
.~
(
(
4?D
1
1
28h
28h
CID
29h
29h
40
40
<n>
41
41
The command above controls the ASF (Automatic Sheet Feeder), where cn> is an
ASCII parameter which can take the values “ 0 “, “4”, “R” or ‘T”. This command has
exactly the same function as the ESCcEM> command.
65
MEMO
L
Chapter 5
DIP SWITCHES
The bank of DIP switches inside the printer (see illustration below) is used
for various functions. All switches are set ON when the printer leaves the
factory.
DIP switch cover
Access the switches by removing the top cover, and then sliding the black
switch cover to the left and then pulling up, using the tab at the right, as
shown in the illustration above.
The functions of the switches are shown in the table below:
NOTE
Any changes to the DIP switch settings must be made with the power
to the printer turned OFF.
67
Switches 1 and 2 are used to determine the emulation mode (standard or
IBM) of the printer, and also to determine the character set to be used.
Switch
1
2
Emulation
Character Set
ON
ON
Standard
STD #l
ON
OFF
Standard
IBM R2
OFF
ON
IBM
IBM #2
OFF
OFF
IBM
IBM #l
Switches 4 through 7 are used to select the International character set, as
shown in the table below:
International
Character Set
Chapter 6
TROUBLESHOOTING
AND MAINTENANCE
The following section on troubleshooting and maintenance is intended only
as a brief guide to these functions. Remember that your printer is a highly
sophisticated electronic device, which also contains high voltages inside.
For that reason, only carry out those operations described in this section.
CAUTION
Any attempt to carry out operationsother than those described here may result in
electric shock and/or damage to the printer. When carrying out any repairs or
maintenance, always follow the instructions carefully.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Your printer is a reliable piece of precision machinery, which should not
cause you any trouble, provided it is used and treated sensibly. However, the
few elementary tips below should avoid you having to make unnecessary
service calls. The following table gives you ideas on where to look in this
section if you experience faults:
Region of fault
Power
Description
supply
Power is not being supplied to the printer
The printer does not print or stops printing
Printing
The print is faint or uneven
Dots are missing in characters or graphics
While using application software, fonts or characters cannot be printed
The printout is not what is expected when running a program
Paper feeding
Single sheets do not feed properly (without ASF)
Continuous paper does not feed properly with the tractor feed
The ASF is not operating or is not feeding paper properly
Paper park (switching between continuous paper and cut sheets) is not
working properly
The short tear-off function does not work
Text is being printed all on one line, or with extra blank lines
L
Page length and margin settings are not what is expected.
Remember - it is better not to attempt operations or repairs above your level
of competence. Otherwise, you run the risk of damaging the printer.
69
Power supply
If the POWER indicator does not illuminate, check the following:
1 Possible remedy
check
Is the power cable properly
plugged into the electrical
outlet?
Turn off the printer. ensure the power cable is securely
connected, and then turn the printer back on.
Is power being supplied
the outkt?
Turn off the printer, unplug it, and try with another
appliance to determine if electricity is being supplied to
that outlet.
to
Checktheboaompanelofyourprintertoensurethatthe
outletvoltagecorresponds
tothevoltagerequiredbythe
printer. If they do not match, DO NOT try to operate the
printer. contact your SuppIier.
Is the printer voltage correct?
Printing
If your printer does not print, or suddenly stops printing, check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the interface cable connected securely?
Check both ends of the cable - printer and computer to
make sure that the connector is firmly in position.
Is the ON LINE indicator illuminated?
-If it is nos press the ONLG button to set the printer online.
Is the PAPER indicator illu-
lf it is. the paper has run out. Load more paper.
minated?
Is the paper caught up internally?
Turn off the power, remove the jammed paper, replace,
tumontheprinter,
andcontinueprinting.Makesurethat
the leading edge of the paper is smooth and uncreased.
Is the ribbon caught
ammd the print head?
up
Turn off the power, remove the ribbon retension it, and
replace it. This problem occurs most frequently with a
worn ribbon, so you may need to replace the ribbon.
Is the software you are using
properly installed for your
printer?
Check the installation settings in your software, and reinstall ifnecessary.
Can the printer perform selftest operations?
Turn the printer off, and turn it on again, holding down
one of the buttons to perform a self-test. If these do not
work, contact your dealer.
-L
70
If the print is faint, or uneven, check the following:
check
Is the ribbon
stalled?
Possible remedy
properly
in-
Is the ribbon worn out?
Check and reinstall if necessary.
The ribbon has a long life, but eventually will need
replacing. Fit a new ribbon cartridge if necessary.
If dots are missing in the printing, check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Are dots missing at random
in the printing?
The ribbon has become slack, causing it to get caught
up. Stop printing, remove the ribbon cartridge, retension and replace it.
Is a line of dots missing consistently
throughout
the
The print head is damaged. Stop printing, and contact
your supplier for a new print head.
.printing?
If your application software cannot print the fonts or characters selected,
check the following:
Possible remedy
Check the software installation, andre-install
ware if necessary.
I
Are fonts not being selected
PFlY?
Are characters other than
those
expected
being
printed?
I
the soft-
Check the software installation, and insert the commands necessary for font changes into the software.
Either you are using the wrong International Character
Set (reset with DIP switches or software commands),
or you have the wrong character set selected (for
example if characters other than IBM block graphic
characters are being printed). Correct this with DIP
switches or the appropriate software sequences.
If the printout is not what is expected:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the printer installed correctly?
Your software may think that it is driving a different
emulation to the one actually set. Check the DIP switch
settinas to make sure YOUhave the right emulation.
Is the printer not printing
anything that you are expecting?
Use the Hex Dump mode to analyze the output from the
computer to the printer. This will enable you to determine that the right escape sequences, etc are being
71
Paper feeding
If cut sheet paper (without the ASF) is not feeding smoothly, check the
following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the paper release lever
pushed back (to the f position)?
Set the release lever to the b position.
Is the paper guide in place
and vertical?
The paper guide should be in place vertically for cut
sheets to feed smoothly.
Are the left and right guides
too close together?
If the left and right guides are too close together, the
paper will not feed smoothly. Move them a little further
apart to allow the paper to feed freely.
Is the ASF selected with the
Memory Switch settings?
If it is, then deselect it.
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
while the ON LINE indicator
is ilhuninated?
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
Is the paper too thick?
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in this way. Try with thinner paper.
If fanfold (continuous) paper is not being fed correctly using the tractor feed,
check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the paper lever pushed to
the y position?
Make sure the release lever is pushed to the m position.
Is the paper guide in the vertical position?
When using the tractor feed, the paper guide should be
horizontal.
Are the holes on each side of
the paper aligned withregard
to each other in the sprockets?
If the two sides of the paper are out of alignment, realign
them so that the sprocket holes match up.
Are the sprockets too close or
too far apart?
Misalignment of the sprockets, making the paper too
loose or too tight, will prevent a smooth paper feed.
Are the sprockets locked in
position
and the covers
closed?
Correct this if necessary.
Is the paper feeding
into the printer?
The paper should not be too far from the printer (less
than 1 meter/ 3 feet), and there should be no cables or
other obstacles obstructing its path. The paper should
also be feeding straight into the. printer, and an angled
feed may cause jams and blockages.
72
freely
Check
Possible remedy
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
while the ON LINE indicator
is illuminated?
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
Is the paper too thick?
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in this way (one top copy and three NCR cozies). Try
with thinner patter.
If the ASF is not operating or is not feeding paper correctly, check the
following:
Check
Possible remedy
Has the ASF option been
selected using the Memory
Switch functions?
Select this option
Is the release lever set to the
h position?
The release lever should be set to the single-sheet
position.
Is the
ASF
mounted?
Make sure that the ASF is properly seated on the printer.
correctly
Is paper caught up near the
print head?
Stop printing, remove the jammed sheet (you may have
to remove the ASF for this), and continue.
Are the left and right guides
too close together?
If the left and right guides are too close together, the
paper will not feed smoothly. Move them a little further
apart to allow the paper to feed freely.
Is there too much paper in the
paper feed hopper or stacker?
The ASF’s paper feed hopper and stacker can hold 120
sheets each. Make sure that there is no more paper than
this in either the hopper or stacker.
Was the paper fanned before
being fed into the ASF?
If this is not done, paper jams may occur. Remove the
stack of paper from the ASF and fan it before reinserting.
Has the paper been used already or is it creased?
Only new, uncreased
ASF.
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
while the ON LINE indicator
is illuminated?
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
Is the paper too thick or too
thin?
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in this way. Try with different paper.
paper should be used with the
73
If the paper park facility does not appear to be working correctly, check the
following:
1Check
1 Possible remedv
Is the. paper release lever in
the h position?
The paper release lever must be set to the h position
after the fanfold paper has been parked.
Has the fanfold paper been
properly parked?
Make sure that the PAPER indicator comes on after the
fanfold paper has been parked.
If the short tear-off function does not appear to be working properly, check:
Check
Has printing ended
middle of a page?
Possible remedy
in the
Either send a cFF> or enough <LF> commands to eject
the page.
If text is being printed all on one line, or with extra blank lines, check the
following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the text all on the same
line?
Carriage
returns
are not being expanded
~CR>+<LF>pairs.ChecktheMemorySwitchsetting
and correct.
Is text being printed
extra blank lines?
Two line feeds are being pinted. Either make your
software print just a carriage return or (if this is not
possible). set the AUTO LF to OFF using the Memory
Switch menus.
with
to
If the page length and margins are not what is expected, check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Istheprintingstaningtoo
high or too low on the page?
Use the Micro Feed facility to adjust the print position
relative to the page.
Does the printer’s
page
lengthnot match the physical
page length?
Use the Memory Switch settings. or the DIP switch to
set up the correct page length, or use software commands to do it.
Is the Skip-over perforation
facility not working?
Make sure this is set with the Memory Switch menus. If
the skip occurs in the wrong place, make sure the page
length is properly set, and that the top of the print
position is about two lines down from the top of the
paper.
74
-
MAINTENANCE
Essentially, your printer is a robust piece of equipment, but should be treated
with a modicum of cam in order to avoid malfunctions. For example:
l
Keep your printer in a “comfortable” environment. Roughly speaking, if
you are comfortable, then the environment is suitable for your printer, too
(see Chapter 1).
9 Do not subject the printer to physical shocks or excessive vibration.
l
l
l
Avoid over-dusty environments. Dust is the enemy of all precision mechanical devices. If you have to use the printer in such an situation, you
might like to consider the use of an acoustic hood, whose primary
function is to reduce the printer’s noise, but can also act as a barrier against
dust. Consult your supplier for details of a suitable model.
To clean the exterior of the printer, use a barely damp cloth (use either
water with a little detergent or a little alcohol), but do not allow any liquid
to fall inside the printer.
The interior of the printer may be cleaned with a small vacuum cleaner or
a compressed-air aerosol (sold for this purpose). When performing this
operation, be sure not to bend or damage any cable connections or
electronic components.
ADJUSTING THE PRINTING GAP
The distance between the print head and the platen can be adjusted to
accommodate different paper thicknesses. To make this adjustment, remove
the top cover. The adjustment lever is located near the left end of the paper
bail. pulling the adjustment lever towards you widens the gap; pushing it
away from you narrows the gap.
There are four positions; you can feel the lever clicking into each position.
The first position (narrowest gap) is the one most commonly used for single
sheets of paper. Try different positions until you get the best printing results.
75
RIBBON REPLACEMENT
The ribbons used by your printer are endless-loop ribbons in which the
ribbon is recycled. When the print quality becomes too faint, you will need
to replace the ribbon. Use only ribbons recommended for use with the printer
(your supplier will be able to advise you).
1 To nzmove the old ribbon from the printer, first turn off the power.
2 Remove the top cover, and hold the ribbon by the two lugs on each side.
Push in the two lugs slightly, and pull upwards to remove the ribbon.
Ribbon cartridge
I
Ribbon tensioning knob
Ribbon holder
76
3 Take the new ribbon and tension it by turning the knob on the top of the
ribbon cartridge clockwise.
4 Now insert the ribbon cartridge into the holder gripping it by the lugs, and
turning the knob slightly clockwise if necessary. Make sure that the
ribbon goes between the print head and the platen guard (see illustration
below).
,Print
Now
the
reusing
cover
printer.
turn
the
You
shield
now
to
REPLACING THE PRINT HEAD
This is not a job which you will need to do very often. The print head has been
designed to give a life of about 200 million dots. In normal everyday use, this
will mean years of life. However, if the print quality is faint, even after you
have changed the ribbon, the print head will need replacement.
Only use a replacement print head as recommended by your supplier.
1 Turn OFF the printer, and remove the power cable.
2 If the printer has been in operation immediately before this operation, the
print head will be hot.
NOTE
Allow
time for the print head to cool before attempting to work on it.
I
3 Open the top cover.
4 Remove the ribbon cartridge (as described above)
5 Using a Phillips-type screwdriver, carefully unscrew the two bolts
securing the print head to the print head assembly (see the illustration
below).
6 Pull the print head firmly upwards, releasing the print head card edge connectors from the connector mounted on the chassis.
7 Remove the retaining screws and washers from the print head assembly.
Put them on one side.
8 Take the new print head, and locate it in position, making sure that the
card edge connections fit securely into the chassis connector.
76
Print head bolts
?I-Print head
NOTE
DO NOT apply excessive force, as this may result in damage to the print head.
9 Fasten down the new print head using the retaining washers and screws.
Do not apply excessive force when tightening the screws, as this may strip
the thread, but ensure that the print head is firmly secured.
10 Replace the ribbon cartridge:
11 Replace the top cover.
12 Re-insert the power cable and re-apply power. Your printer may now be
used. You may like to check the print quality using one of the test print
procedures (see below).
79
FRONT PANEL DIAGNOSTIC AND TEST MODES
The printer is equipped with a number of different modes for diagnosis and
testing. These ate accessed from the front panel by holding down a front
panel button (or combination of buttons) while turning on the power to the
printer.
The test and diagnostic modes available am listed below
. A text test print mode
l
A short test print mode
l
A long test print mode
l
A hexadecimal dump mode
-
9 A bidirectional print test
Short test mode
If the printer is turned on while the (
button is pressed, the printer will
enter the short self-test mode. The printer will start printing as soon as the
(ON=) button is released, and will print the version number of the printer’s
ROM, eg “*** Ver 1.0 ***“, followed by seven lines of the character set.
Each line will be offset by one character from the one before it. If the color
option has been installed, each line will be in a different color. The final
(black and white) result will he something like the following:
[Standard mode]
-
[IBM mode]
Since the test print occupies the whole width of the carriage, it is recommended that the printer is loaded with continuous stationery to avoid
possible damage to the print head and/or platen.
60
Text test mode
In this mode, the printerwill print the Memory Switch menus and options.
This mode is accessed by turning on the printerat the same time as holding
downthe @%?3 button.
The resulting printout will be similar to the example below:
ttl
HAIN
MEMORY SWITCH
MENU
PRINT
INSTALL
TREE
It4
CURRENT
i?ENU
SET
COWlAND
MENU
RM
USkGE
QUIET
MODE
GRAPHICS
FONT
MENU
7
PRINT
MENU
DIRECTION
PAPER
MENU
82
SET
/
DOWNLOAD /
/
ZERO STYLE
t NORML
: COURIER
/ SANSERIF
LETTER-G
/ ORATDR
SCRIPT
/ OCR-B
TW-LIGHT
/ CINEMA
PRINT
OUALITY
: NLO /
PRINT
PITCH
8 1OCPI /
PRINT
12CPI
: OFF /
DN
PRINT
: OFF /
ON
OPTION
ASF
: OFF /
ON
SHORT
OVER
&IT0
LF
(ASF)
OFF
PERFORATION
I
1 /
2 /
8 OFF /
INCH
PAGE
LENGTH
(INCH)
3 /
4 /
5 /
6 (6LPl)
: OFF /.ON
8 OFF /
* SLPI
ON
ON
: OFF /
PER
PROP
ON
8 OFF /
LINES
/
r1/2/3/4/S/6(6LPI)
DETECTOR
TEAR
SKIP
SLASHED
DRAFT
ITALIC
PAPER-OUT
1LINEBUFFER
UN1
NLO-FONT
AUTO CR
L FACTORY
: BI
ON
AUTO LOADING
FORMS MENU -
ON
AUTO ON-LINE
AUTO LOADING
1
/
: OFF /
: OFF /
CONDENSED
7
I BUFFER
ON
/
4LPI
/
MPI
/
SLPI
t DIP-SW
/ J / 3.5 / 4 /
6 / 7 / 8 / e.5 / 11.7
5.5
/ 14
Hexadecimal dump mode
In this mode, all received data will be printed in a hexadecimal dump format,
rather than the control codes being acted on as command codes.
This mode is accessed by turning on the printer, while simultaneously
holding down the (+!K?%$and (-1
keys. To turn off the mode, it is
necessary to turn off the printer completely.
The printout will be similar to that produced by a MS-DOS DEBUG Display
command, ie the hexadecimal values of the bytes received will be given in
rows of 16, divided into two blocks of eight. “Unprintable” characters, ie
control codes from OOhthrough 1Fh and 7Fh through FFh, are represented
by periods.
The following (BASIC) program will produce the result below it:
10 FOR I=0
TO 255
20 LPRINT CHR$(I);
30 NEXT I
40
LPRINT
50 END
After the program has been nm, the printer’s buffer should be flushed by
pmssing the (ZZC@Cbutton.
00
10
20
30
40
so
60
70
80
01
ii
21
31
41
51
61
71
81
90
A0
BO
CO
DO
EO
FO
OD
91
Al
El
Cl
Dl
El
Fl
OA
02
12
22
32
42
52
62
72
82
92
iA2
B2
C2
DZ
EZ
F2
03
13
23
33
43
53
63
73
83
93
A3
B3
C3
D3
E3
F3
04
14
24
34
44
54
64
74
04
94
A4
B4
C4
D4
E4
F4
05
15
25
35
45
55
65
75
85
95
AS
B5
C5
DS
ES
F5
06
16
26
36
46
56
66
76
86
96
A6
86
C6
D6
E6
F6
07
17
27
37
47
57
67
77
87
97
A7
87
C7
D7
E7
F7
08
18
28
38
40
58
68
78
88
98
09
19
29
39
49
59
69
79
89
99
OA
ii4
2A
3A
4cI
5A
6A
7A
812
9A
08
1B
2B
38
4B
SE
68
78
8B
9B
OC
1C
ZC
3C
4C
SC
6C
7C
SC
9C
OD
ID
2D
3D
4D
5D
6D
7D
BD
9D
OE
1E
2E
3E
4E
5E
6E
7E
8E
9E
OF
1F
2F
3F
4F
SF
6F
7F
8F
9F
A8
B8
C8
D8
E8
F8
A9
89
C9
D9
E9
F9
136
84
CA
DA
EFI
FA
FIB AC
BB BC
CB CC
DB DC
EB EC
FB FC
AD
BD
CD
DD
ED
FD
AE
BE
CE
DE
EE
FE
AF
BF
CF
DF
EF
FF
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
! “WXL’
01234567
8ABCDEFG
PORSTUVW
’ abcde+g
pqrstuvw
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
........
........
........
........
........
..
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
c1s+,-./
89: ;<=>?
HI JKLMNO
XYZC\I^hi jklmno
xyzc
;>--a
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
........
........
........
........
This mode is useful when installing and debugging software, to ensure that
the characters and codes actually being received by the printer are those
which are actually required.
83
Bidirectional test/adjustment mode
This mode is used to adjust the alignment of the print head on successive
bidirectional passes. After a period of some months, your printer may work
itself out of alignment on left and right printing passes, showing itself most
obviously in graphics printing. This mode will therefore be used very rarely.
1 Turn the printer off and then turn it on again while holding down the
@%E%and ‘S%!S buttons. The printer will then print something like the
following:
XXL
DOT
ADJUSTMENT
MODE
XL*
2 The printer will feed the paper forwards and backwards during this
operation, allowing you to view the paper for optimum alignment.
3 The vertical lines are in fact composed of three lines, the top and bottom
being printed on one pass of the print head, and the middle on a pass in
the opposite direction.
4 To adjust the printing, use the B
and :PIPER buttons.
5 The GE++ button will move the middle line to the left (as shown by the
number by the side of the lines). The ~5~~9 button will perform the
opposite function.
6 When the three vertical lines are aligned with each other to form one
continuous line, the bidirectional alignment test is completed.
7 To change the mode for which the bidirectional adjustment is performed,
press the SEE!9 button. This will cycle between “DRAFT-A”, “DRAFT-B”,
“NLQ-A”, “NLQ-B”, “NLQ-C”, “GRAPHICS-A” and “GRAPHICS-B”.
84
-
8 Repeat the process for all print modes.
I
j
I
/
I
I
I
/
I
I
I
I
I
!
i
I
I
1;
I
I
I
I
!
1
I
@iLINEGRAPH
I E-G
12
I
I
9 To exit from this mode, press the ip_13button.
85
MEMO
-.
Chapter 7
MS-DOS AND
YOUR PRINTER
When using your printer with an IBM PC, PC-XT or PC-AT or compatible,
you will probably be using PC-DOS or MS-DOS as an operating system. A
number of software tricks may be useful here. This section is not, however,
a substitute for the operating system manuals supplied with your computer.
To learn how to print files, etc. it is best to read the relevant parts of these
manuals.
..
INSTALLING APPLICATION SOFTWARE WITH
YOUR PRINTER
When installing application software, you may find that your printer is not
specifically mentioned in the lists of printers given for installation. However, this should pose no problem. Read this section, and the guidelines
provided with your software on printer installation.
If you have your printer set up in standard mode, then choose an Epson
EX-800 or EX- loo0 as your printer to be selected.
If neither of these a mentioned, choose one of the following (in order of
preference):StarNR-10/15,StarND-10/15,EpsonFX86e,EpsonFX-286e.
If you have your printer set up with the DIP switches to emulate an IBM
Proprinter II, simply choose this from the list of printers available in the
application software list.
If the IBM Proprinter II is not mentioned, use Proprinter.
~
i .
I
You may be able to customize your application software to install some of
the control commands specific to your printer (for instance, changing fonts)
which are not available to you under the standard emulation. For instance,
if you a installing WordStar, you may wish to use the VQ, *PW, “PE and
*PR commands to choose different typefaces. This can all be done with the
WordStar installation program. Read the section on escape sequences for
details of how to change fonts (for example).
87
If your word-processor does not allow you to change fonts, it may allow a
pause in printing. Insert a “pause” command in your text file at the point
where you want to change fonts. When the document is printed, printing will
then pause at that point. You can then put the printer off-line and change
fonts with the front panel buttons. Then put the printer on-line again and
resume printing.
If your software package does not mention printers by name, but asks instead
what features your printer is capable of, the most common questions are:
“Can your printer perform a backspace?’ and “Can it do a hardware form
feed?‘. You should answer “Yes” to both these questions.
Other software packages may well allow you to install specific features.
Spreadsheet programs will often ask for the maximum number of columns
to be printed. This is given below.
Number of columns ......... CPI
10
Pica
12
Elite
17.1
Condensed pica
20
Condensed elite
Proportional
10” model
80
96
137
160
Variable
15” model
136
163
233
272
Variable
Sometimes the software installation will ask you for an initialization
sequence to return the printer to the default settings (specified by the
Memory Switches). The command for your printer is &SC> @ (lBh, 40h).
Make sure that the DIP switches are set for the right printer emulation, and
that you have selected the appropriate character set using the DIP switches.
If you are in any doubt about the configuration of your application software,
seek expert advice. Your software supplier will probably be your most
convenient reference.
88
-
-
GRAPHICS HARD COPY
On a PC-compatible computer running under MS-DOS, you can use the
[Shift) and (prtsc) keys on the computer together to obtain a printout of a
text screen. To print out a graphics screen, you will have to run the program
GRAPHICS.COM. See your MS-DOS manual for further details.
Continuous echoing of text output to the screen to the printer can be toggled
on and off by use of them
-m
or (ctrl- @ key combinations.
SETTING UP THE PRINTER FROM THE DOS
PROMPT
The PRINT command can be used to transmit control codes and escape
sequences from a file to the printer in order to set up various parameters. For
instance, if you want to set up NLQ printing, the command is <ESC> x 1
(1Bh 78h 31h).
A file must therefore be created using these three characters. Though the
MS-DOS line editor EDLIN can be used, there is a small difficulty in
inputting the <ESC> character. This is achieved with the following sequence:
(ciiw)
0
and then the ASCII “xl” can be input. The file is then saved, and output to
the printer. The session can therefore be something like the following:
A>EDLIN NLQ.DAT
NEW FILE
*1
1: *^v[xl
2:*-c
*E
A>
Of course, if you have a text editor or word-processor which allows you to
input characters such as the <ESC> character, this is probably preferable to
using EDLIN. For full details of how to use EDLIN, consult your operating
system manual.
89
The resulting file should be sent to the printer using the COPY command,
eg:
A>COPY NLQ.DAT
PRN
I
prior to printing document files. Of course, this command can also be
included in a batch file.
PROGRAMMING USING BASIC
As discussed earlier, a version of BASIC is usually supplied with PCcompatible machines. With this BASIC, characters are sent to the printer
using the LPRINT command, and contml codes are defined using the
CHR$() function.
Sample program
The following lines of BASIC give examples of how the printer may be
driven from within your own programs:
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070
1080
1090
1100
1110
1120
1130
1140
1150
1160
1170
1180
1190
1200
1210
1220
1230
1240
1250
1260
1270
1280
1290
1300
90
' Set control codea
'Escape code
E$=CHRS(27)
'Draft quality
D$=E$+"xO"
'Letter quality
L$=E$+"xl"
'Select font
F$=E$+"k"
'Select Courier
C$=F$+CHR$(O)+L$
'Horizontal tab
HS=CHRS(P)
'Pica pitch
P$=E$+"P"
' Start printing
WIDTH "LPT1:",255
LPRIRT E$:"D";CHR$(3):CHR$(27);CHR$(O);
LPRIRT C$;"Font settings:"
LPRIRT H$;D$;"Draft
characters,";L$;
LPRIRT H$;F$;CHR$(O);"Courier
charactera,"
LPRINT H$;F$;CHR$(l);"Sanserif
characters,";
LPRIRT H$;F$;CHR$(2);"Letter-Gothic."
LPRIRT H$;F$;CHR$(3);"0rator
charactera.";
LPRIRT H$;F$;CHR$(4);"Script
characters,"
LPRIRT H$;F$;CHR$(5);"0CR-B
charactera.";
LPRIRT H$;F$;CHR$(6):"TW-Light
characters."
LPRIRT H$;F$;CHR$(7);"Cinema
charactera"
'
LPRIRT
LPRIRT C$:"Print pitches are:"
LPRIRT. H$;P$;"Pica
pitch (10 CPI),":
LPRIRT H$;E$;"M";"Elite
pitch (12 CPI)."
LPRIRT H$;P$;
'Select condensed print
LPRIRT CRRS(15);
LPRIRT "Condenaed pica pitch (17 CPI).";
LPRIRT H$;E$;"M": "Condensed elite pitch (20 CPI).";
'Cancel condensed print
LPRIRT CHR$(18)
1310
1320
1330
1340
1350
1360
1370
1380
1390
1400
1410
1420
1430
1440
1450
1460
1470
1480
1490
1500
1510
1520
1530
1540
1550
1560
1570
1580
1590
1600
1610
1620
1630
1640
1650
1660
1670
1680
1690
1700
1710
1720
1730
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780
1790
1800
1810
1820
1830
1840
1850
1860
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
'Select proportional spacing
H$;E$;"pl";
P$;"Proportional spacing,";
'Cancel proportional spacing
E$;"pO"
H$;E$;"Wl";"Double width,";E$;"WO";
H$;E$;"wl";"Double-height,";E$;"wO"
H$;E$;"h";CHR$(l);"Double-sized,"
H$;E$;"h";CHR$(2);"Quad-sized.";
E$;"h";CHR$(O)
:LPRINT
LPRINT E$;"Q";CHR$(47) 'Set right margin
LPRINT C$;"Various line and character spacings:"
'Center text
LPRINT E$;"al"
FOR I=1 TO 10
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I); 'Set line spacing
LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(I); 'Increase character space
LPRINT "THE SPACINGS ARE CHANGED"
NEXT I
FOR I=10 TO 1 STEP -1
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I); 'Set line spacing
LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(I); 'Increase character space
LPRINT "THE SPACINGS ARE CHANGED"
NEXT I
'Left justify
LPRINT E$;"aO"
LPRINT E$;"3";CHR$(36); 'Set l/6" line spacing
'Normal character space
LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(O);
LPRINT :LPRINT E$;"Q";CHR$(80)
LPRINT C$ ; “Other
features : ”
LPRINT H5~E5~"4"~"Italics" ;E5;"5";", I';
LPRINT E$i"E";"Emphasized" ;E$ ;"F" ;1', I';
LPRINT E5;"G"; "Double-strike";E$;"H";", "
LPRINT H$;E$;"-l";"Underlining";E$;"-0";".
'I;
LPRINT E5;"~l";"Overlining";E$;"~O";", I';
LPRINT E$;"SO";"SUPER";E5;"T";" and 'I;
LPRINT E5;"Sl": "SUBSCRIPT";E5;"T";", "
LPRINT H$;C$;"Download characters: ";
GOSUB 3020
'Select download character
LPRINT E$;"%l";
FOR I=1 TO 5
'Print download character
LPRINT CHR$(60);
NEXT I
'Select normal character
LPRINT E$;"%O";
GOSUB 3130
'Select download character
LPRINT E$;"%l";
FOR I=1 TO 5
'Print download character
LPRINT CHR$(60);
NEXT I
'Select normal character
LPRINT E$;"%O"
LPRINT H$;C$;"Dot graphics:"
DIM LOGOS(4)
RESTORE 4170
FOR ROW=1 TO 4
FOR COL=l TO 65
91
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
3000
3010
3020
3030
3040
3050
3060
3070
3080
3090
3100
3110
3120
3130
3140
3150
3160
3170
3180
3190
3200
3210
3220
3230
3240
4000
4010
4020
4030
4040
4050
4060
4070
4080
4090
4100
4110
4120
92
READ GD
LOGO$(ROW)=LOGO$(ROW)+CHR$(GD)
NEXT COL
NEXT ROW
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(B);
'Set a/72" line spacing
FOR ROW=1 TO 4
LPRINT 11 ";
FOR B=O TO 6
IF B=2 THEN 2000
IF B=5 THEN 2000
'Select normal density
LPRINT E$;"*";CHR$(B);
LPRINT CHR$(65);CHR$(O);LOGO$(ROW);
LPRINT u ";
NEXT B
LPRINT
NEXT ROW
LPRINT EL;"@"
'Initialize printer
END
'
' SUBROUTINES
' Define Draft download character
LPRINT E$;"xO";E$;":";CHR$(O);CHR$(O);CHR$(O);
LPRINT E$;"&";CHR$(O);CHR$(6O~;CHR$(6O~;
RESTORE 4020
READ LS :LPRINT CHR$(LS);
FOR M=l TO 11
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM);
NEXT M
RETURN
'
' Define NLQ download character
LPRINT C$;
LPRINT E$;"&";CHR$(O);CHR$(60):CHR$(60);
RESTORE 4060
READ LS :LPRINT CHR$(LS);
READ CW :LPRINT CHR$(CW):
READ RS :LPRINT CHR$(RS);
FOR M=l TO CW*3
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM);
NEXT M
RETURN
'
' DATA
' Draft download character dnta
DATA 139
DATA 124, 0, 66, 4, 64, 36. 16, 2, 16, 12, 0
'
' NLQ downlond characer data
DATA
0, 23, 0
DATA
1,248, 0. 6. 0, 0. 8,124, 0
DATA 16, 2. 0, 32,124, 0, 0, 2, 0
DATA 32,124, 0. 0. 0. 0, 63,248, 0
DATA
0, 0. 0. 32. 0. 0. 0,120, 0
DATA 16. 0. 0. 8,120, 0, 4. 0. 0
4130
4140
4150
4160
4170
4180
4190
4200
4210
4220
4230
4240
4250
4260
4270
4280
4290
4300
4310
4320
4330
4340
4350
4360
4370
4380
4390
4400
4410
4420
4430
4440
4450
4460
4470
4480
4490
DATA
2,124, 0, 1,130, 0, 0,124, 0
DATA
0,130, 0, 0,124, 0, 0,128, 0
DATA
0,120, 0, 0. 0. 0
'
' Dot graphics data
' ROW 1
DATA
0. 0, 0. 0. 1. 3. 7. 7. 7, 15
DATA 14, 14, 14, 14. 14. 7. 7. 3. 3, 15
DATA 15, 15. 0. 0. 0. 0. 6. 7. 7. 7
DATA
7, 7. 7, 7. 7, 6, 6. 0. 0. 7
DATA
7. 7, 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7
DATA
0, 0, 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7
DATA
7, 7. 0. 0. 0
' ROW 2
DATA
0, 0. 60,255,255,255.255,255.143. 15
DATA
7. 7. 7. 7. 3. 3. 3.131.193.241
DATA 240,240, 0. 0, 0. 0. 0. 0,224,255
DATA 255.255.255.255. 31. 0. 0. 0. 1. 3
DATA 31,255,255,255.255.255.255.
1. 0. 0
DATA
0. 1. 7, 31,255,252,240.192.128.
0
DATA
0, 0. 0. 0. 0
' ROW 3
DATA
0, 31, 31, 3.129.128.192.192.192.192
DATA 192,224,224,224.224.240.255.255.255.255,255,255
DATA 255,127, 0. 0. 0, 0. 0. 0, 0,192
DATA 255,255,255.255.255, 15, 15. 63s252.240
DATA 192, 0,240,255,255,255,255.255,
7. 15
DATA 127,252,240,192,
0, 0. 0. 0. 0. 0
DATA
0. 0. 0. 0, 0
' ROW 4
DATA
0,248,248,240,224,224,112,112. 56. 56
DATA 56, 56, 56,120.120.240.240,224.224,192
DATA 128, 0. 0. 0. 0, 0, 0, 0. 0. 0
DATA 128,248,248,248.248,240.192.
0. 0. 0
DATA
0. 0,240,248,248,248.248.240.192.
0
DATA
0, 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0, 0. 0, 0
DATA
0, 0. 0. 0. 0
This will produce the following results as shown on page 95.
How the program works
This program begins by assigning a number of printer commands to BASIC
string variables (lines 1000 to 1070). You can find most of these commands
near the beginning of chapter 4.
The WIDTH “LPTI:” 255 statement in line 1090 means infinite line width.
It prevents the IBM-PC from inserting unwanted carriage returns and line
feeds in graphics data.
Actual printing begins in line 1100. Using the preassigned commands, the
program prints samples of its different font styles, followed by samples of
the print pitches, then some double and quadruple-sized printing.
93
Next comes the central attraction of the program: a line of text printed twenty
times in expanding and contracting loops to give a bane1 effect. The work
is done by four printer commands: a command setting the right margin (line
1420); a centering command (line 1440); a command to vary the line spacing
(lines 1460 and 1510); and a command to micro-adjust the space between
characters (lines 1470 and 1520).
Next the program returns to normal spacing and gives a demonstration of the
printer’s word-processing abilities: italic printing, bold printing, underlining, subscripts, etc.
The row of car symbols in the next printed line is created by downloading
two new character patterns, which are printed in place of the character “<”
(character 60).
The final part of the program uses dot graphics to print an “SW” logo. The
dot pattern of the logo was originally laid out on graph paper, then converted
to the data in lines 4180 to 4490 with the help of a calculator. Each number
represents eight vertical dots. (See “Graphics commands” in Chapter 4 for
details.)
The pattern is printed in four rows, each eight dots high and 65 dots wide.
Lines 1830 to 1900 read the dot data into a string array variable named
LOGO$. Line 1910 sets the line spacing to 8/72 inch so that the rows will
connect vertically. The loop in lines 1920 to 2020 does the printing in four
passes of the print head.
This program can also be run in IBM mode if you change a few of the lines
as shown below to allow for differences in some of the commands. You will
get a cylinder instead of a barrel effect, becuase the IBM mode does not have
any command to micro-adjust the character spacing.
Modifications for IBM mode:
1070
1250
1290
1420
1460
1470
1510
1520
1570
1580
1610
1910
3030
3150
94
'Pica pitch
P$=CHR$(18)
LPRINT H$;E$;":";"Elite pitch (12 CPI),"
' LPRINT H$;E$;"M";"Condensed elite pitch (20 CPI),";
'Set right margin
LPRINT CHR$(28);"Q";CHR$(47)
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);E$; "2"; 'Set line spacing
' LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(I); 'Increase character space
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);E$;"2"; 'Set line spacing
' LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(I); 'Increase character space
'Normal character space
' LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(O);
LPRINT :LPRINT CHR$(28);"Q";CHR$(80)
LPRINT H$;CHR$(28);"4";"Italics";CHR$(28);"5";",
'I;
'Set a/72" line spacing
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(8);E$;"2";
LPRINT E$;"xO";CHR$(28);":";CHR$(O);CHR$(O);CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(28); "&";CHR$(O);CHR$(6O);CHR$(60);
Font settings:
I.3
r <:,
f .[:&j;j,r&(,~j-et-~,
Sanserif
ORATOR
OCR-B
Cinema
characters,
CHARACTERS,
characters,
characters
Courier
characters,
Letter-Gothic,
Sbpt:
chanac-te/u,
TW-Light
characters,
Print pitches are:
Pica pitch (10 CPI 1 .
Condensed
picapitch
(17CPI),
Proportional spacing ,
Elite pitch (12 CPI),
Condensed
elite
pitch
(20CPI),
Various
spacings:
line and character
THE
SPACINGS
ARE
ARE
CHANGED
CHANGED
Other features:
Italics, Emphasized,
Double-strike,
Underlininq
OverlInIng,
SUPER and
Down load chAract ers : rxmr:+;hmmrrulvhDot graphics:
SUBSCRIPT.
SW SI SW SW
95
Of course, many more facilities are available with the printer, but this may
give you some ideas as to how you can drive the printer using your own
programs.
Patches necessary to use the BASIC interpreter
When using the Microsoft BASIC interpreter usually supplied with PCs and
compatibles, a number of problems may arise. Firstly, if the interpreter
transmits a carriage return (ODh) character to the printer, it automatically
transmits a line feed as well. Secondly, the BASIC interpreter will not
transmit EOF markers (1Ah) at all. Normally, this will not cause problems,
but if such a character is included in a character definition or graphic data
string, problems may occur. To get round these two problems, the use of the
following subroutine patches is recommended:
3090
GOSUB 5000
Monochrome display
5000
’
5010 O=INP(&H3BD)
:IF 0<128 THEN 5010
5020 OUT &H3BC,MM :OUT LH3BE.5
:OUT &H3BE,4
5030 RETURN
Color
5000
5010
5020
5030
display
’
O=INP(&H379)
OUT &H378,MM
RETURN
:IF O<l28 THEN 5010
:OUT &H37A,5
:OUT &H37A,4
Call these subroutines when downloading characters or bit-image data,
instead of using an LPRINT CHR$(MhJ) statement. For other languages,
check the documentation to see how the compiler/interpreter handles endof-line and end-of-file characters.
NOTE
Thesepatches are only for use with MicrosoftBASICinterpretersunderPC-DOS
or MS-DOS on PCs/PC-ATs or compatibles. They will not work with other
languages, machines and/or operating systems.
96
chapter
8
SPECIFICATIONS
Printing system ..................... ......... Serial Impact Dot-matrix
Printing speed ................................ 250 cps (Draft pica)
63 cps (NLQ pica)
Print direction ............... ................. Bidirectional, logic-seeking
Unidirectional, logic-seeking
(selectable)
Number of print pins ...................... 9
Line spacing ................................... l/6, l/8, n/72, n/216 inches
Characters .................................. .... ASCII
International
IBM special
IBM block graphic
Download
96
15 sets (*)
111
50
128
* USA, France, Germany, England, Denmark I, Sweden, Italy, Spain I,
Japan, Norway, Denmark II, Spain II, Latin America, Denmark/
Norway, Irish
Number of columns ....................... CPI
10
Pica
12
Elite
17.1
Condensed pica
20
Condensed elite
Proportional
10” model
80
96
137
160
Variable
15” model
136
163
233
272
Variable
97
Character dot matrix ...................... 9 x 11 (Draft)
18 x 23 (NLQ)
Bit image dot-matrix ......................
g-pin single
8-pin double
g-pin high-speed double*
g-pin quadruple
g-pin CRT I
g-pin CRT II
g-pin plotter
g-pin double-plotter
9-pin single
9-pin double
DPI
60
120
120
240
80
90
72
144
60
120
10” model
8 x 480
8x960
8x960
8 x 1920
8x640
8 x 720
8 x 576
8 x 1152
9 x 480
9x960
15” model
8 x 816
8 x 1632
8 x 1632
8x3264
8 x 1088
8 x 1224
8 x 979
8 x 1958
9 x 816
9 x 1632
* It is impossible to print adjacent dots in the mode marked with an asterisk
c*>.
Paper feed .. .. .................................. Friction and push tractor (standard)
Pull tractor (option)
Paper feed speed ...... ................. ..... 3.1 inches/second max (without ASF)
2.9 inches/second (with ASF)
Pa;;cr width ....................... ..... ........
Cut sheet
Fanfold (continuous)
lO”mode1
5.5”-11.7”
3”-10”
15”model
6”-16.5”
4”-16”
Copies ............................................ Original + 3 copies
Maximum buffer size .....................
Without Download
32k
14k
With Download
Emulations ..................................... Epson mode
IBM Proprinter mode
Interface ......................................... Centtonics parallel (standard)
RS-232C serial (option)
96
.-
Ribbon type ................. .... ............... On-carnage, dedicated
Black (standard), Color (option)
Ribbon life ..................................... 6 million characters (draft pica)
Dimensions (10” model) ........ ..... ...451(w) x 341(d) x 139(h) mm
17.8(w) x 13.4(d) x 5.47(h) in
Dimensions (15” model) ............. ...593(w) x 341(d) x 139(h) mm
23.4(w) x 13.4(d) x 5.470 in
Weight (lo” model) .I..................... 8kg (17.61b)
Weight (15” model) ....................... 10.5kg (23.11b)
Power supply .... ............................. 120VAC, 220VAC, 240VAC. 50/60Hz
(varies according to the country of purchase)
Options .. .. ....................................... Automatic sheet feeder
RS-232C interface
Color printing kit
Pull tractor feed
99
The following describes the pinout of the parallel (Centmnics-type) interface connector (signals which are low when active are overlined):
-
13
14.15
16
N/C
SIGNAL GND
Signal ground
17
CHASSIS
Chassis ~rouncl (isolated from signal ground)
i5V
+5V IX output from printer
GND
Twisted pair ground return
RESET
When this input signal is low, printer is reset
32
ERROR
Outputs low when printer cannot continue. due to an error
33
1 EXTGND
31
34.35
36
100
High when printer is on-line
18
19-30
L
SELECT
External ground
N/c
SELECT IN
Always high
Chapter 9
CHARACTER SETS
This chapter gives tables of the printer’s standard and IBM character sets.
The decimal character code of each character is shown in an inset to the
lower right of the character.
The hexadecimal code can be found by reading the entries at the top and left
edges of the table. for example, the character “A” is in column 4 and row 1,
so its hexadecimal character code is 41. this is equivalent (4 x 16 + 1 = 65)
to decimal 65, the number in the inset.
Control codes recognized by this printer are indicated by abbreviations
inside pointed brackets.< >.
<Sample>
3
r
Character
Hexadecimal
(high order)
rI
I
4
5
P
”
1
I
‘)
L
I Ol I 161 I 321
I 1
I cDcl> I I.
l-i
1
<Dc2>
12
I
-
L
A
1
3
35.
’
Q
ITi
a
1
a
I-F’l-ig
s
r67
P
b
r
I 821 I 961 I 111
166
C
7
196
1-I
BLR
I50
34
#
6
lea
2
I
I 18
<EC3>
3
1
"
value
'r
Is
115
D
Control code
I-
Hexadecimal
L
Decimal value
value
(low order)
101
STANDARD CHARACTER SET #I
1
0
n
ML)-
3
2
-
-
0
0
5
4
’ 1
P
7
6
p -
-
5
%
5
1
ITi
1
1
6
Ei
1
7
1 241
I 401
e
ni
169
1
U
l-ii
1
ITii
f
v
G
I-Fi
8
(
U
F
IT
I
I-E
v
E
V
l-iii2 I
W -!J-
W
1.
H -xJh-lx-l
I 661
1 721
I eel
I1041
I 1201
@
4
A I B I c I 01 I
P
El I FI I
'
P
l-ii 1224 ITii
A
Q
Q
Q
I 1771 I 193) 1209 1225 1241
R
b
r
l-5
(226 IT@
S
C
s
192
I 1291
I1451
I1611
I 1791 I ml
1 163
I
I
6
7
I(oc4) I $
l-iii
(EEL)
1
CBS)
1
4
ID
I leol
1
liii
I
l-iii IT7
(CAN>
1
7
G
l-iii
8
H
I2271
I2111
IT
Id
I1961 I2121 I22al
l-iii l-ii
1
w
9
1199
1
X
I2441
l-i&
W
1231
h
I 243
ITi7
X
103
STANDARD CHARACTER
SET #2
Other characters are identical to Standard character set #l.
104
IBM CHARACTER SET ##2
0
0
(NW
1
I
I 1
I
2I I
IT
2
8
(09
7
p
1
C
0
I 411
-l*-l:-lJ-P
1 261
1 421
tESC'~
+ r;;l ;
(FS)1
, 1
W
ITi
l-z
1
(
1 251
l-iii
I 113
1 97
r
l-iii
1
S
G
-
9
S
-
h
I 00
1 72
i
Y
I 571
I
1 581
1 741
731
W
l-iii
1
IT
X
H
I 56
1 24
I 40
, 8
I
9
(Etb
1
tHT)
91
p
196
I 991 I 115
1
aN>
101
r
’
ITi
IT2
ITilT
3
C
I
l-7
9
IT
#
GEL)
P
164
1
1
7
@
ITi
1
7
6
5
1 81
I 49
1 65
I 17
I 33
(Dc2>
"
B
2
R
b
?
3
4
3
2
1
0
I 891
-Jj-P
1 901
X
-
I104
I120
-Y
Iml
I 121
11061
-
-
I122
<
1 108!
1 124
105
b191A18
I
L
u
ii
11
u
-
rml
1130
L
a
3
-
C
t
I 1441
I i
I 1601
1
1
8 .
1146
6
-w,-
1 1761
Ir
-_
IA
lliil
I 1921
I 2081
Ir
lo
11931
I
12091
I -
-I-
F
E
12241
-
I+
I2251
I
-
12411
1 162
1242
1
liii
l-ii?
I 1351
I1511
I 1671
I1
r168i
I1
I
Y
(1361 m
i
Ii
371
106
1240
ti
1
IU
I
D
12531
IBM CHARACTER SET #I
Other characters are identical to IBM character set #2.
The duplication of control codes enables systems with a 7-bit interface to
obtain control functions when the most significant bit is set to 1 by the
<ESC> ‘5” command.
107
ADDITIONAL CHARACTER SET
Additional characters can be printed by special commands.
[Standard mode]
[IMB mode]
-
-
106
-
-
1NTERNATlONAL CHARACTER SETS
When an international character set is selected DIP switches 4 to 7 or by
b1~aa
command from software, the following changes are made in the character
charac:ter
set:
See Chapter 5 for the DIP switch settings.
The commands for selecting the international character sets are:
Standard mode: <ES0
“R” it IBM mode: cFS> “R” n
Where n means character code n, i.e. CIIB$(n) in BASIC. The values of n
are:
0
1
2
3
4
U.S.A.
France
Germany
England
Denmark1
5
6
7
8
9
Sweden
Italy
Spain I
Japan
Norway
10
11
12
13
14
Denmark II
Spain II
Latin America
Denmark/Norway
Irish
109
MEMO
-
-
-
INDEX
IAl
Application software installation, 87
ASF, 2 20
Troubleshooting, 73
Auto CR, 21
Auto LF, 21
Auto loading, 20
ASF, 20
Auto on-line, 19
Automatic sheet feeder - see ASF
El
BASIC programming, 90,96
Bidirectional printing, 19
Bidirectional test mode, 84
Buffer clear/reset, I6
El
Character sets, 101
Character set, 67,68
Cleaning, 75
Command codes, 24
Command menu, 19
Condensed print, 20
Connection to computer, 5
Continuous stationery - See Fanfold
Paper
Controls, II
Cut-sheet paper, 7
IDI
Default settings, 22
Diagnostic and test modes, 80
DIP switches, 67
Location, 6
Draft mode, 20
IEl
Emulation, 23,67,68
Environment, I
Epson mode - see Standard mode
Escape sequence example, 25
Escape sequences, 24
IFI
Factory settings, 22
Fanfold paper, 8
Short tear-off function, 15
Font panel lock, 13
Font selection, 23
Form feed, 14
Front panel controls, II
Id-l
Graphics direction, 19
Graphics dump, 89
LHJ
Hexadecimal conventions, 23
Hexadecimal dump mode, 83
l-i-l
II
IBM mode, 23
Indicators, II
International character sets, 68,109
Italic printing, 20
El
Lines per inch, 21
111
IMI
Maintenance settings, 16
Maintenance, 75
Maximum number of columns, 89,97
Memory switches, I7
Memory switch tree, 18,82
Micro Feed, 16
ml
Near Letter Quality mode - see NLQ
mode
Negative numbers, 23
NLQ mode, 20
Numerical representation, 23
Cal
Option ASF, 20
@I
Page length, 21,67
Paper
Cut-sheet, 7
Fanfold, 8
Parking, 14
Size, 21,67
Paper feeding, troubleshooting, 72
Paper menu, 20
Paper out detector, 20
Parallel interface, 1,5,100
Patches for BASIC interpreter, 96
Pitch panel lock, 12
Pitch setting, I2,20
Platen knob, fitting, 3
Power supply, troubleshooting, 70
Print head replacement, 78
Print menu, 20
Print quality, 20
Printing, troubleshooting, 70
Printing gap adjustment, 75
Proprinter mode - see IBM mode
112
lxl
Quiet mode, 11,13,19
IRI
RAM usage, 19
Ribbon installation, 4, 76
RS232 interface, 1
1sI
Setting up from DOS, 89
Short tear-off (Memory Switches), 21
Short tear-off function, 1.5
Skip over perforation, 21
Slashed zero, 19
Specifications, 97
Spreadsheet installation, 88
Standard mode, 23
(T(
Test mode
Long, 81
Short, 80
Text, 82
Test settings, 16
Troubleshooting, 69
ccl
Unidirectional printing, 19
Unpacking, 13
El
Vertical pitch, 21
El
Zero style, 19
Download PDF