2000 Trailer Towing Guide

2000 Trailer Towing Guide
Hiller Ford Inc.
414-425-1000
www.hillerford.com
FORD PRODUCTS Available for All Major RV Categories
Ford — a Leader in RV
and Trailer Towing!
Class A Motorhomes
Class C Motorhomes
Self-contained RV
camping/travel vehicles
with a living unit
constructed on a specially
designed vehicle chassis.
Ford offers Super Duty FSeries Class A Motorhome
Chassis.
There are many reasons Ford is considered a leader in
RV and trailer towing:
• Outstanding Selection — Whatever your need,
there’s a Ford vehicle or chassis to fill it.
Built on a cutaway chassis –
includes van cab section.
Ford chassis entries are
Econoline E-350 Super Duty
and E-450 Super Duty
Cutaway Chassis.
Van Conversions/Van Campers
Van converters use a fullsize van chassis to create
travel/camping units with
special equipment and
comfort features. Ford offers
Econoline Van.
Slide-In Truck Campers
Designed for carrying in a
pickup truck bed, these
units can be easily removed
to use the truck for other
purposes. Ford F-Series
pickups are ideal for slide-in
camper use.
Trailers
A wide range of trailer types
are in RV use: folding
campers, conventional
travel trailers,
boat/ATV/snowmobile
haulers, and fifth-wheel
travel units – in a broad
range of sizes, floor plans
and furnishing levels.
F-Series pickups and chassis
cab models provide
exceptional towing
capabilities.
2
M
M
• Exceptional Towing Capabilities — The Super Duty
F-Series pickups and chassis cabs can pull
exceptionally heavy trailers. In fact, when equipped
with the Triton™ 6.8L V10, they can handle trailer
weights up to 14,500 pounds with the pickup and
18,700 pounds with the chassis cab.
• Experience — Many years of RV and towing
experience back all Ford vehicles.
• Quality and Reliability — Ford has earned a
reputation for providing quality and reliable RV
products.
CONTENTS
Sport Utility Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Class A Motorhome Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
Class C Motorhome Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
“Four-Wheel-Down” Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Pickups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-7
Slide-In Campers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
Van Conversions/Class B Van Campers . . . . . . . .
9
Things to Know Before You Tow . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-12
Trailer Classes/RV Trailer Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Maximum Trailer Weights & Trailer Towing Packages .
14
Required/Recommended Trailer Towing Equipment
& Frontal Area Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
Trailer Towing Selector
• Super Duty F-250/350 Pickups . . . . . . . . . . .
16
• Super Duty F-350-750, Class A Motorhome
Chassis & F-150 Pickups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
• Ranger, Explorer, Expedition & Excursion . . . .
18
• Econoline, Windstar & Ford Cars . . . . . . . . . .
19
Trailering Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
Metric Conversion – To obtain information in kilograms, multiply the pounds by .45;
to obtain information in liters, multiply the gallons by 3.8.
FORD SUVs LEAD THE WAY –
On and Off-Road!
All 2000 Ford SUVs sold in the United States meet strict low-emission vehicle (LEV) standards.
ALL-NEW EXCURSION
The all-new 2000 Ford Excursion sets a new standard in the
heavy-duty SUV segment. With a towing capacity up to 10,000
pounds, seating for up to nine passengers, plus loads of cargo
room, and an impressive list of safety features, it truly is the
“Ultimate SUV.” Major features include:
• Choice of 4x2 or 4x4 4-door models
• Selection of powerful engines:
– Triton™ 5.4L V8 with 255 hp/350 lbs.-ft. torque
(Std. on 4x2)
– Triton™ 6.8L V10 with 310 hp/425 lbs.-ft. torque
(Std. on 4x4)
– 7.3L Power Stroke® Turbo Diesel V8 with 235 hp/
500 lbs.-ft. torque (Opt.)
•
•
•
•
•
•
Electronic 4-speed automatic overdrive transmission
Power 4-wheel disc anti-lock brakes
Standard Class IV Trailer Tow
44-gallon fuel tank capacity
SecuriLock™ passive anti-theft system
Removable 3rd-row bench seat with seat roller system
FULL-SIZE EXPEDITION
With outstanding towing capability, seating for up to nine
p a s sengers and ability to fit in a standard-size garage, Expedition
sets a standard in the full-size sport utility segment.* Its long
list of features includes:
• Choice of 4x2 or 4x4 4-door models
• Choice of two Triton™ overhead-cam V8 engines – 4.6L with
240 hp/293 lbs.-ft. of torque and 5.4L with 260 hp/
350 lbs.-ft. of torque
• Electronic 4-speed automatic overdrive transmission
• Boxed section front and center frame (to rear axle) for strength
• 3rd-row fold/flip/stow bench seat with seat roller system
• Can be equipped to tow trailers up to 8,300 pounds
• Standard 4-wheel-disc anti-lock brakes
• On 4x4, Control-Trac system allows automatic 4-wheel drive
when required – without driver assistance
• Standard power adjustable pedals
• Optional four-corner load-leveling suspension (4x4)
COMPACT EXPLORER
Still America’s top-selling SUV – 8 years running –
Explorer continues to offer distinctive 2- and 4-door models with
a unique blend of utility vehicle versatility and car-like
comfort and convenience. Its extensive list of features includes:
• Standard 160-horsepower 4.0L OHV V6 engine with 5-speed
manual or automatic overdrive transmission
• Optional 210-horsepower 4.0L single-overhead-cam V6 engine
with 5-speed automatic overdrive transmission
• Optional 5.0L OHV V8 engine with 4-speed automatic
overdrive transmission (4-door 4x2, 4-door AWD)
• Rugged body-on-frame construction
• Seating for up to six passengers (4-door)
• Can be equipped to tow trailers up to 6,820 pounds
• On 4x4, Control-Trac system automatically engages the
4-wheel drive, as needed, when set in “4WD AUTO” mode
• Standard 4-wheel-disc anti-lock brakes
• Optional side airbags**
• Optional reverse sensing system
*Properly equipped. Competitive comparisons based on 1999 published competitive data.
**Always wear your safety belt and secure children in the rear seat.
For More Information on Any of the Ford Vehicle Lines,
See the Appropriate Brochure at Your Ford Dealership.
3
CLASS A MOTORHOME CHASSIS
• Triton™ V10 engine – the only V10 in a Class A
motorhome application (310 hp/425 lbs.-ft. torque)
• 4-wheel-disc anti-lock braking system (ABS) for
consistent, responsive braking performance
• Three Gross Vehicle Weight Ratings (GVWRs):
– 15,700 pounds
– 18,000 pounds
– 20,500 pounds
• Big 19.5-inch wheels and tires
• 26,000-lb. Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR)
for excellent towing capabilities (8,000-lb. maximum
trailer weight at 18,000-lb. GVWR)
• Electronically controlled 4-speed automatic overdrive
transmission (4R100)
• 81-inch front tread width contributes to handling and
lateral stability
The Ford Super Duty F-Series Class A Motorhome
Chassis is the industry sales leader.a/ Its advanced
features and outstanding performance provide the ideal
basis for the unmatched luxury and comfort of some of
the finest Class A motorhomes.
a/ Based on Class A calendar year registrations (through April 1999).
• Rugged ladder-type frame
• High-capacity front axle system
• 75-gallon fuel tank with turbine fuel pump for
extended cruising range
• Tapered multi-leaf springs for smooth ride
• Large-diameter, gas-pressurized front and rear shock
absorbers and stabilizer bars for ride control
CLASS C MOTORHOME CHASSIS
The Econoline E-350 Super Duty and E-450 Super Duty
Cutaway Chassis remain the overwhelming sales leaders
for Class C motorhomes.b/ Functional features include:
b/Based on Class C calendar year registrations (through April 1999).
c/Under normal driving conditions with routine fluid/filter changes.
d/Always wear your safety belt and secure children in rear seat.
4
M
M
• Up to 14,050-lb. GVWR and 20,000-lb. GCWR (both
largest in a cutaway chassis)
• Powerful 5.4L Triton™ V8, 6.8L Triton™ V10 and 7.3L
Power Stroke® DI Turbo Diesel V8 engines
• 100,000-mile scheduled tune-up interval on gasoline
enginesc/
• Electronically controlled 4-speed automatic overdrive
transmission
• Driver airbagd/
• Out-front engine design provides spacious cab with
access to “living area” and ease of ingress/egress
• 4-wheel-disc anti-lock brakes
• Twin-I-Beam independent front suspension (with
caster/camber adjustment), front stabilizer bar and
gas-pressurized shock absorbers contribute to a
smooth, comfortable ride
• Steel ladder-type frame with six crossmembers
• 37-gallon fuel tank (E-350); 55-gallon tank (E-450;
optional E-350)
• Van-like driver position with ergonomic instrument
panel and controls
Metric Conversion – To obtain information in kilograms, multiply the pounds by .45; to obtain information in centimeters, multiply the inches by
2.54; to obtain information in liters, multiply the gallons by 3.8; to obtain information in kilometers, multiply the miles by 1.6.
MORE MOTOR HOMES ARE BUILT ON FORD
CHASSIS THAN ANY OTHER MAKE*
Towing a Ford Vehicle Behind Your
Motorhome With All Four Wheels Down
Many motorhome owners prefer the practicality of
having another vehicle along when they travel. In
fact, towing another vehicle behind the motorhome
has become more and more popular in recent
years. For safe operation, towed vehicles (or dollies
or trailers carrying them), should be equipped with
a separate functional brake system. See the Trailer
Towing Selector (pages 16-19) and Trailering Tips
(back cover) for more information. Furthermore,
many of those who want to tow another vehicle
prefer one that can be easily towed without a dolly
or trailer. The Ford car and truck models shown in
the chart below can be towed with all four wheels
down.
NOTE: Some aftermarket camper centers offer kits which
may allow vehicles with automatic transmissions
to be flat-towed.
Ford Cars and Trucks Suitable for
“Four-Wheel-Down” Towing
Service & Support
Class A & C Motorhome Customer Assistance Center
This 24-hour, seven-days-a-week Hotline was
designed to serve both motorhome owners and RV
dealers. Simply by calling 1-800-444-3311, the
caller has access to:
• The nearest appropriate service location.
• Assistance in scheduling a service appointment.
• Service assistance for motorhome customers and
RV dealers in resolving Ford chassis-related
concerns.
In-Dealership Service Support
• Over 500 Ford dealerships in the U.S. and
Canada.
• Certified service technicians backed by
computerized diagnostics and national technical
hotline support.
• Verification of available owner notification and
recall information affecting motorhomes.
Ford Cars
Manual
Transmission
Automatic
Transmission
Escort/ZX2
Focus
Mustang
Contour
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
(a)
Ford Trucks
Ranger 4x2
Ranger 4x4
Explorer 4x2
Explorer 4x4
F-150 4x4
Super Duty F-250/350 4x4
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes (b)(d)
Yes (b)
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
(c)
(b)(d)
(b)
(a) To be towed only in forward position, and not faster than 55 mph.
(b) Manual transfer case only (not Electronic Shift-on-the-Fly 4x4).
(c) On vehicles with 4.0L engine and dealer-installed Neutral Tow Kit.
(d) Requires that the center disconnect be locked-out by capping off one of the
front axle vacuum motor lines. See your Ford Dealer for assistance.
Note: Different vehicles have different restrictions and towing
procedures. Contact your Ford Dealer or refer to the specific vehicle
Owner Guide for complete details. For safe operation, towed vehicles
(or dollies or trailers carrying them), should be equipped with a
separate functional brake system.
*Based on combined Class A and Class C calendar year registrations
(through April 1999).
5
FORD PICKUPS – A COMPLETE LINEUP TO MEET
ALL YOUR RV AND TOWING NEEDS!
Super Duty – For the Serious RV/Towing Enthusiast!
Few vehicles have impacted the trailer towing industry like Ford Super Duty F-Series Pickups. With their wide
selection of models, powertrains and features, they are a top choice for the really BIG RV and towing tasks.
IMPRESSIVE LINEUP OF MODELS
SAFETY FEATURES
• 44 available pickup and chassis cab
configurations, including:
– SuperCabs with four doors standard
– Numerous Crew Cab models
– Many four-wheel-drive applications
– 4x4 Regular Cab, SuperCab and Crew Cab
DRW (Dualie) pickups and chassis cabs
Among their many safety features, Ford pickups offer
standard driver and passenger-side airbags*, as well as
4-wheel ABS (standard on all models except singlerear-wheel XL and XLT trim models [rear-wheel ABS
standard; 4-wheel ABS optional]). In addition, the new
available telescoping trailer tow mirrors provide
excellent visibility (late availability).
• Pickups offer exceptionally high GVWRs/
payloads and trailer towing up to 10,000 lbs.
(conventional) or 14,500 lbs. (fifth-wheel)
POWERFUL ENGINES
HARD-WORKING IMAGE
All three cabs – Regular, Super and Crew – are the
roomiest in their class. Their dominant grille
opening and large cooling capacity help cool the
big, powerful engines, which are designed to
satisfy one of this truck’s primary work uses –
trailer towing!
• Triton™ 5.4L V8 (260 hp/350 lbs.-ft. torque)
• Triton™ 6.8L V10 (310 hp/425 lbs.-ft. torque)
• 7.3L Power Stroke® Turbo Diesel V8 with
intercooler and wastegated turbocharger (235
hp/500 lbs.-ft. torque)
– Includes standard 6-speed manual overdrive
transmission
With all these outstanding features, it’s no wonder
why Ford Super Duty F-Series is a “must-have” for
serious RV customers.
*Always wear your safety belt and secure children in rear seat.
6
F-150 – WHEN YOUR RV/TOWING NEEDS AREN’T QUITE AS BIG!
The good-looking Built Ford Tough F-150 continues to
do its part in making F-Series Pickups America’s bestselling vehicle. Their ideal combination of rugged
performance and passenger comfort make them perfect
for all but the very biggest RV and towing tasks.
Noteworthy features include:
• Available SuperCab models with four doors standard
• Choice of 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic
overdrive transmissions
• Can be equipped to tow trailers up to 8,800 pounds
• Three powerful engine choices:
– 4.2L OHV V6 with 205 hp/255 lbs.-ft. torque
– 4.6L SOHC V8 with 220 hp/290 lbs.-ft. torque
– 5.4L SOHC V8 with 260 hp/350 lbs.-ft. torque
• Standard SecuriLock™ passive anti-theft system
If you’ve got a job too big for the F-150 to handle, you
better check out the Super Duty F-Series models on the
preceding page.
RANGER – A GREAT CHOICE FOR ON/OFF-ROAD FUN!
• Regular and SuperCab models
• Three engine choices – from a 119-hp 2.5L dual-plug
I4 to a 4.0L V6 with 160 hp and 225 lb.-ft. of torque
• 100,000-mile tune-up interval on all engines*
• Choice of manual and automatic overdrive
transmissions
• Can be equipped to tow trailers up to 6,060 pounds
• Four-wheel anti-lock brakes standard on XLT 4x4;
rear-wheel ABS standard and 4-wheel ABS optional
on other models
• Standard power rack-and-pinion steering
*Under normal driving conditions with routine fluid/filter changes.
As America’s top-selling compact pickup for 12 years in
a row, Ranger continues to offer a whole lot of RV and
towing capabilities in a relatively small package. These
capabilities come from its Built Ford Tough heritage –
and its long list of outstanding features:
For More Information on Any of the Ford Pickups, See
the Appropriate Brochure at Your Ford Dealership.
M
M
To obtain information in kilograms, multiply the pounds by .45; to obtain
information in kilometers, multiply the miles by 1.6.
7
SLIDE-IN CAMPERS FOR F-SERIES PICKUPS
For the convenience of a camper, and the functional
capabilities of a full-size pickup, a slide-in camper
may be ideal for your RV needs.
Use the chart below to select the proper F-Series Pickup/Camper
Combination:
• Combined weight of vehicle, camper body, occupants and cargo must not
exceed Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR).
• Camper Package (Option Code 532) required with Super Duty
F-250/350 models.
• Cargo Weight Rating shown in the chart is the maximum allowable,
assuming the weight of a base vehicle with the required camper option
content and a passenger (150-lbs. per) at each available seating position
(7.3L Diesel ratings also assume the weight of the engine and standard
transmission). The Cargo Weight Rating shown must be further reduced
by the weight of powertrain upgrades and any other options. Option
weights and center-of-gravity information are available in the Ford Pickup
Truck Consumer Information Sheet.
• If you intend to pull a trailer in addition to carrying your camper, see
the F-Series Trailer Towing Selector charts on pages 16 and 17.
Maximum Cargo Weight With Slide-In Camper (With Minimum Equipment)
Model
Wheelbase
GVWR (lbs.)
(49S/Cal.)
F-150
119.9"
138.5"
138.5"
138.5"
138.5"
138.5"
138.8"
138.8"
137.0"
141.8"
158.0"
156.2"
172.4"
137.0"
141.8"
158.0"
156.2"
172.4"
137.0"
137.0"
141.8"
158.0"
158.0"
156.2"
156.2"
172.4"
172.4"
137.0"
137.0"
141.8"
158.0"
158.0"
156.2"
156.2"
172.4"
172.4"
6,000
6,000
6,600
6,600
7,700
7,700
7,700
7,700
8,800
8,800
8,800
8,800
8,800
8,800
8,800
8,800
8,800
8,800
9,900/9,700
11,200/11,000
9,900/9,700
9,900/9,700
11,200/11,000
9,900/9,700
11,200/11,000
9,900/9,700
11,200/11,000
9,900/9,700
11,200/11,000
9,900/9,700
9,900/9,700
11,200/11,000
9,900/9,700
11,200/11,000
9,900/9,700
11,200/11,000
4x2 Reg. Cab
4x2 Reg. Cab
4x2 Reg. Cab
4x2 Reg. Cab
4x2 Reg. Cab
4x2 SuperCab
4x4 Reg. Cab
4x4 SuperCab
Super
4x2 Reg. Cab
Duty
4x2 SuperCab
(1)
F-250
4x2 SuperCab
4x2 Crew Cab
4x2 Crew Cab
4x4 Reg. Cab
4x4 SuperCab
4x4 SuperCab
4x4 Crew Cab
4x4 Crew Cab
Super
4x2 SRW Reg. Cab
Duty
4x2 DRW Reg. Cab
(1)
F-350
4x2 SRW SuperCab
4x2 SRW SuperCab
4x2 DRW SuperCab
4x2 SRW Crew Cab
4x2 DRW Crew Cab
4x2 SRW Crew Cab
4x2 DRW Crew Cab
4x4 SRW Reg. Cab
4x4 DRW Reg. Cab
4x4 SRW SuperCab
4x4 SRW SuperCab
4x4 DRW SuperCab
4x4 SRW Crew Cab
4x4 DRW Crew Cab
4x4 SRW Crew Cab
4x4 DRW Crew Cab
Recommended
Axle Ratio Engine
3.55
3.55
3.55
3.55
3.73
3.73
3.73
3.73
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
4.2L V6
4.2L V6
4.6L V8
5.4L V8
5.4L V8
5.4L V8
5.4L V8
5.4L V8
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Maximum Cargo Weight
Rating (lbs.)
Gas
Diesel
(49S/Cal.)
(49S/Cal.)
1,692
1,574
2,174
2,174
2,794
2,211
2,415
1,712
3,317
3,151
2,918
2,353
2,184
2,775
2,713
2,482
1,909
1,773
4,293/4,168
5,356/5,153
4,232/4,021
4,014/3,803
5,089/4,886
3,434/3,223
4,795/4,292
3,265/3,054
4,336/4,133
3,887/3,676
4,862/4,689
3,825/3,614
3,594/3,383
4,661/4,458
3,021/2,810
4,372/3,879
2,885/2,649
3,812/3,619
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
2,567
2,371
2,183
1,703
1,434
2,025
1,963
1,732
1,159
1,023
3,543/3,418
4,606/4,403
3,482/3,271
3,264/3,053
4,339/4,136
2,684/2,473
4,045/3,542
2,515/2,404
3,586/3,383
3,137/2,926
4,112/3,919
3,075/2,864
2,844/2,633
3,911/3,708
2,271/2,060
3,622/3,129
2,135/1,924
3,062/2,869
(1) Requires Camper Package option.
M
M
8
Metric Conversion – To obtain information in kilograms, multiply the pounds by .45;
to obtain information in kilometers, multiply the miles by 1.6; to obtain information
in centimeters, multiply the inches by 2.54.
Truck shown includes aftermarket equipment.
Slide-in Camper Installation
• Ford Motor Company recommends
consulting your camper
manufacturer/dealer for details regarding
proper installation of your slide-in camper.
• A dimensionally stable block spacer is
recommended between the headboard of
the pickup box and the forward edge of
the camper floor. Resting the spacer on the
pickup box bed prevents movement and
contact of the fully installed camper with
the pickup box headboard or taillight rear
pillars.
Camper Center-of-Gravity Information
• All Styleside pickups that are qualified for
slide-in camper bodies will have the
camper center-of-gravity included on the
Consumer Information Sheet, which is
placed in the vehicle’s glovebox.
• Data are calculated for each individual
truck, based on vehicle options.
• If the vehicle is not qualified for camper
usage, the Consumer Information Sheet
will state that the vehicle is not
recommended for camper usage, and no
center-of-gravity data will be shown.
Super Duty F-Series
Camper Package Option (F-250/350)
• Heavy-duty alternator (115-amp. – gas
engines only)
• Auxiliary rear springs
• Front stabilizer bar
• Rear stabilizer bar
Note: Be sure to measure your slide-in camper
before attempting to install it onto the bed of the
truck. Some campers may require a platform in the
bed of the truck to make sure the cabover portion of
the camper clears the roof of the truck cab.
VAN CONVERSIONS
Econoline Van Conversions 1/
Econoline has been the full-size van segment
sales leader since 1979. Built to meet customer
needs, the 2000 models offer aerodynamic
styling, contemporary front interior
components, advanced functional features, and
a lineup of advanced engines. Here are some
of the features that make them so popular:
• Sturdy body-on-frame construction
• Three engine choices on E-150 vans . . . 200
hp 4.2L V6, 215 hp 4.6L and 255 hp 5.4L
overhead-cam Triton™ V8s, all with standard
4-speed automatic transmission and fail-safe
cooling
Van conversions are a popular choice for recreation
use – from camping to simply traveling in
enhanced comfort and style. Converters offer an
extensive selection of styles, designs and luxury
furnishings, including:
• Large vista windows
• Luxurious seating and interior trim
• Rear seat/bed combination
• Unique exterior paint/tape treatment
Quality Conversions
Ford and authorized converters work together to
continuously improve van conversion quality and
customer satisfaction. Converters must meet
specific Ford quality standards and process
controls.
• 100,000-mile scheduled tune-up interval†
• Excellent towing capabilities . . . up to 6,900
pounds on E-150 when properly equipped
• Out-front engine design for convenient
underhood servicing and ease of
ingress/egress
• Exclusive Twin-I-Beam independent front
suspension for both ruggedness and smooth
ride – plus adjustable caster and camber
• Standard four-wheel anti-lock brakes
1/ Completed by authorized converters.
† Under normal driving conditions with routine fluid/filter
changes.
Class B Van Campers
Econoline vans also provide an excellent base unit
for Class B campers. Converters offer models
equipped with sleeping, kitchen and bathroom
facilities, as well as 110-volt hookup, fresh water
storage and/or city water hookup. They typically
include a high roof that provides greater comfort by
allowing occupants to stand up inside.
9
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TOW
Safety Chains
• Always use safety chains when towing. Safety
chains are used to retain connection between the
towing and towed vehicle in the event of
separation of the trailer coupling or ball.
• Cross chains under the trailer tongue and allow
enough slack for turning corners.
• See your vehicle’s Owner Guide for safety chain
Note: Performance can be severely compromised in hilly
terrain when minimum acceptable powertrain combination is
attachment information.
selected. It is wise to consider purchasing a vehicle with a more • When using a frame-mounted trailer hitch, attach
powerful engine for hilly terrain.
the safety chains to the frame-mounted hitch using
Brakes
the recommendations supplied by the hitch
• Most states require brakes on trailers weighing over
manufacturer.
1,500 pounds when loaded. For your safety, Ford
• For rental trailers, follow rental agency instructions
Motor Company urges that a separate functional
for hookup of safety chains.
brake system be used on any towed vehicle,
Trailer Wiring Harness
including those dolly-towed or towbar-towed.
• Vehicles equipped with a factory-installed Trailer
• There are basically three types of trailer brake
Towing Package include a trailer wiring harness
activation:
and a wiring kit.
Electronically Controlled Electric
• This kit is packaged in a cardboard box and
– Provides automatic and manual control of
includes one or more jumper harnesses (to connect
electric trailer brakes
to your trailer wiring connector) and installation
– Requires vehicle to be equipped with
instructions.
controlling device and additional wiring for
• Ranger, Expedition and F-Series pickup models
electrical power
include a standard 4-pin trailer wiring harness.
Hydraulically Controlled Electric
Refer to page 14 for wiring harness usage with
– Trailer brakes are applied in proportion to brake
optional trailer towing packages.
pedal pressure
– Should not be connected directly to vehicle’s
brake system
Surge (Hydraulic)
– Independent hydraulic brakes activated by a
master cylinder at the junction of the hitch and
trailer tongue
• Be sure your trailer brakes conform to all
applicable government regulations.
Before You Buy
If you are selecting a vehicle that will be used for
towing, you should determine the approximate
weight of the trailer you intend to tow, including the
weight of any additional cargo and fluids that you
will be carrying in the trailer. Also be sure the vehicle
has the proper optional equipment (see page 15).
Trailer Lamps
Make sure the trailer is equipped with lights that
conform to all applicable government regulations.
Do not connect a trailer lighting system directly to
the lighting system of the vehicle. See a local
recreational vehicle dealer or rental trailer agency for
correct wiring and relays for the trailer and heavyduty flashers.
After You Buy
Before heading out on a trip (remember, do not tow
a trailer until your vehicle has been driven at least
500 miles), be sure to have your fully loaded vehicle
(including passengers) and trailer weighed so as not
to exceed critical weight limits (page 12). If any of
these limits are exceeded, cargo should be removed
from the vehicle and/or trailer until all weights are
within the specified limits.
10
M
M
7-wire trailer wiring harness and frame-mounted hitch receiver
are standard on Excursion, and are part of Expedition/F-150
optional Class III Trailer Tow Group and Econoline Class II/III/IV
Trailer Tow Package (aftermarket hitch equipment shown).
ABOUT HITCHES
When towing, it is vital that the proper hitch be
used. Here is the hitch information you should
know:
Weight-Carrying Hitch bolts directly to the vehicle
bumper and/or frame. Commonly used to tow small
and medium-sized trailers. Ford weight-carrying rear
step bumpers are rated for the maximum loads
shown in the chart on next page.
Metric Conversion – To obtain information in kilograms, multiply the pounds by .45; to obtain information
in kilometers, multiply the miles by 1.6; to obtain information in centimeters, multiply the inches by 2.54.
Weight-Distributing Hitch is used in conjunction
with a hitch platform (receiver) to distribute tongue
weight to all towing vehicle and trailer wheels.
Weight-distributing hitches are only “required” for
Class IV applications. They generally are not used
for loads under 5,000 pounds unless it is
specifically required for a particular vehicle.
Weight-distributing hitch platforms are welded or
bolted to vehicle underbody:
• Bolt-on types are recommended because they
can be removed.
• Properly installed bolt-on weight-distributing
hitch platform will not weaken vehicle or
underbody as heat of welding might.
Spring bars are connected from hitch to trailer’s
A-frame, and are adjusted to provide optimum
towing performance. Lengths of chain are pulled
up and tightened to bend spring bars upward,
which lifts some of the weight from the rear
wheels and transfers the weight to other wheels of
the vehicle and trailer.
Factory-Installed Trailer Hitch Receiver Options
are available on the following Ford vehicles:
• Super Duty F-250/350 Pickups: Class IV
(Option Code 86R)
• F-150 Pickups: Class III (Included with Class III
Trailer Tow Group – Option Code 535)
• Econoline Van/Wagon: Class III (Included with
Class II/III/IV Trailer Towing Package – Option
Code 536)
• Excursion: Class IV (Standard)
• Ranger Pickup: Class III (With V6 only –
Option Code 53L)
Depending on the application, the required
aftermarket components include: an electric trailer
brake controller, the ball mount and ball, the
equalizing arms and snap-up brackets, the sway
control system and all attachments. See your dealer
for additional information.
WEIGHT COMPUTATIONS
Base Curb Weight
+ Cargo Weight
+ Passenger Weight
Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
GVW must not exceed GVWR
(obtain from Safety Compliance
Certification Label on the left
front door lock facing or the
door latch post pillar).
GVW
+ Loaded Trailer Weight
Gross Combination Weight (GCW)
GCW must not exceed GCWR
(obtain from charts in this
section or your vehicle’s Owner
Guide).
+
+
= GVW +
= GCW
Ford Rear Step Bumper/Hitch Receiver Weight Capacity
Vehicle
Weight-Carrying Max. Tongue
Capacity (lbs.)
Weight (lbs.)
Weight-Distributing
Capacity (lbs.)
Max. Tongue
Weight (lbs.)
Rear Step Bumper:
Ranger
2,000
200
—
—
3,500
350
—
—
Explorer
Econoline Van/Wagon
5,000
500
—
—
Expedition
4,000
400
—
—
Excursion
5,000
500
—
—
F-Series
5,000
500
—
—
Hitch Receiver:
Ranger
3,500
350
6,000
600
Econoline Van/Wagon
5,000
500
10,000
1,000
Expedition
5,000
500
8,300
830
Excursion
5,000
500
10,000
1,000
F-150
5,000
500
8,800
880
Super Duty F-Series
5,000
500
10,000
1,000
Note: Ford factory regular production step bumpers and hitch receivers do not include a hitch ball. Depending on
the application (weight-carrying or weight-distributing), required aftermarket components include: trailer hitch ball
and ball mounting, electric trailer brake controller, equalizing arms and snap-up brackets, sway control system
and all attachments
Fifth-Wheel Hitch is mounted in the pickup bed to
put more of the trailer weight directly over the
towing vehicle. The receiver of the hitch should be
mounted at least two inches forward of the rear axle
of the truck chassis.
See your dealer or fifth-wheel hitch manufacturer/
installer for specific instructions. Improper installation
can adversely affect the towing vehicle’s steering,
braking and handling characteristics.
Fifth-Wheel Hitch
WEIGHTS TO CHECK
Base Curb Weight is the weight of the vehicle
including a full tank of fuel and all standard
equipment. It does not include passengers, cargo or
any optional equipment. Your Ford dealership
salesperson can give you this number for the
vehicle(s) you are considering.
Cargo Weight includes all weight added to the Base
Curb Weight, including cargo and optional
equipment (consult salesperson). When towing,
trailer tongue weight also is part of the Cargo
Weight.
Payload is the combined, maximum allowable
weight of cargo and passengers that the truck is
designed to carry. It is Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
minus the Base Curb Weight.
Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) is the Base Curb
Weight plus actual Cargo Weight plus passengers. It
is important to remember that GVW is not a limit or
specification . . . it is the actual weight that is
obtained when the fully loaded vehicle is driven
onto a scale.
(Continued on next page)
11
MORE THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TOW
Weights to Check (Continued)
Sample Truck Safety Compliance Certification Label
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)
is the maximum allowable weight of
the fully loaded vehicle (including
passengers and cargo). This number –
along with other weight limits, as well
as tire, rim size and inflation pressure
data – are shown on the vehicle’s
Safety Compliance Certification Label,
located on the left front door lock
facing or the door latch post pillar.
The GVW must never exceed the
GVWR.
(Refer to actual label on your vehicle)
Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight
(as shown in the Trailer Towing
Selector charts pgs. 16-19) is the
highest possible weight of a fully
loaded trailer the vehicle can tow,
based on a minimum towing
vehicle GVW. It assumes a towing
vehicle with any mandatory
options, no cargo, and driver (150
pounds) only. Super Duty F-Series
chassis cab models also assume a
second-unit body weight of 1,000
lbs. Weight of additional options,
passengers, cargo and hitch must
be deducted from this weight.
Tongue Weight is another critical
measurement that must be made
before towing. It refers to the
amount of the trailer’s weight that
presses down on the trailer hitch.
Too much tongue weight can cause suspension/drivetrain
damage, and can press the vehicle down in back causing
the front wheels to lift to the point where traction,
steering response and braking are severely decreased. Too
little tongue weight can reduce rear-wheel traction and
cause instability which may result in tail wagging or
jackknifing.
GVWR
Front GAWR
Gross Axle Weight (GAW) is the total
weight placed on each axle (front and
rear). To determine the Gross Axle
Weights for your vehicle and trailer
combination, take your loaded
vehicle and trailer to a scale. With the
trailer attached, place the front wheels
of the vehicle on the scale to get the
front GAW. For rear GAW, weigh the towing vehicle with
the trailer attached, but with just the four wheels of the
vehicle on the scale. You get the rear GAW by
subtracting the front GAW from that amount.
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) is the maximum
weight to be carried by a single axle (front or rear). These
numbers also are shown on the Safety Compliance
Certification Label. The total load on each axle must
never exceed its GAWR.
For proper handling, tongue loads must meet the
following requirements*:
– For trailers up to 2,000 lbs., not to exceed 200 lbs.
– For trailers over 2,000 lbs., 10 -15% of trailer weight.
– For fifth-wheel trailers, approx. 25% of trailer weight.
Gross Combination Weight (GCW) is the weight of the
loaded vehicle (GVW) plus the weight of the fully loaded
trailer. It is the actual weight obtained when the vehicle
and trailer are weighed together on a scale.
Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) is the
maximum allowable weight of the towing vehicle and the
loaded trailer – including all cargo and passengers – that
the vehicle can handle without risking costly damage.
(Important: The towing vehicle’s brake system is rated
for operation at the GVWR – NOT GCWR. Separate
functional brake systems should be used for safe control
of towed vehicles and for trailers weighing more than
1,500 lbs. when loaded.) The measured GCW must never
exceed the GCWR.
12
To determine the proper tongue load for a 3,000-lb.
trailer, for example, multiply 3,000 by .10 and .15 to
obtain a tongue load range of 300 to 450 lbs. For a fifthwheel trailer, multiply 3,000 by .25 to arrive at a tongue
load of approx. 750 lbs.
To measure actual tongue load, disconnect the trailer and
place only the tongue – with the coupler at hitch ball
height – on a scale. If the tongue load exceeds the upper
weight limit, move more of the trailer contents rearward
to achieve the recommended tongue load. If the tongue
load is less than the lower limit, shift the load forward.
Measuring tongue weight with bathroom scale
Measuring tongue weight with commercial scale
*Refer to the chart on page 11 for tongue weight recommendations with Ford factory-installed trailer hitch receiver options.
Rear GAWR
M
M
Metric Conversion – To obtain information in kilograms, multiply the pounds by .45;
to obtain information in centimeters, multiply the feet by 30.
FOUR TRAILER CLASSES
CLASS III – HEAVY-DUTY
CLASS I – LIGHT-DUTY
• 2,000-lb. maximum weight (trailer and cargo
combined)
• Folding camping trailers and trailers for small
boats, motorcycles and snowmobiles
• Many Ford vehicles can handle easily
• Weight-carrying hitch
• 3,501-5,000-lb. gross trailer weight
• Dual-axle or large single-axle travel trailers
• Most properly equipped Ford trucks can tow
them
• Weight-distributing hitch not required unless
specified for a particular vehicle
CLASS II – MEDIUM-DUTY
CLASS IV – EXTRA-HEAVY-DUTY
• 2,001-3,500-lb. gross trailer weight
• Single-axle, small- to medium-length (up to
18 ft.) trailers
• Ford trucks can be equipped to tow these trailers
• Weight-distributing hitch not required unless
specified for a particular vehicle
• 5,001-10,000-lb. gross trailer weight
• Largest travel and fifth-wheel trailers made for
recreation
• Econoline Vans/Wagons, F-Series Pickups/
Chassis Cabs, Excursion and Expedition can be
equipped to handle these trailers
• Weight-distributing or fifth-wheel hitch required
(Trailers over 10,000 pounds require fifth-wheel
hitch)
THREE BASIC RV TRAILER TYPES
Folding Camping Trailer
Relatively inexpensive units
providing campers with a
comfortable, dry mobile shelter,
plus these added benefits:
• Lightweight for easy towing
(usually range from 300 to
2,000 pounds).
• Simple weight-carrying hitch
is usually sufficient for towing.
• Compact, low-profile traveling
package.
• Easily maneuverable –
generally 8 to 16 feet long.
Conventional Travel Trailer
Generally larger, rigid
construction units offering more
of the conveniences of home,
including such features as
kitchen sink, dinette, shower,
refrigerator and flush toilet.
Additional benefits include:
• Widely varied levels of
roominess, comfort and
luxury – depending on the
towing capacity of your
vehicle, and your budget.
• Sizes usually range from 12 to
35 feet long.
• Normally towed with a
weight-distributing hitch,
depending on weight.
Fifth-Wheel Trailer
Provide the same types of
accommodations as a conventional
travel trailer, but with these
unique characteristics:
• The forward raised portion is
designed to extend over the
box of a pickup truck.
• Attaches to the truck via a
fifth-wheel hitch mounted in
the pickup bed.
• Offers the advantages of
improved weight distribution
and towing dynamics, since
some trailer weight is directly
over the towing vehicle.
13
MAXIMUM TRAILER WEIGHTS (IN POUNDS) FOR PROPERLY
EQUIPPED FORD VEHICLES (WITH NO CARGO)
18,700
14,500
10,000
8,300
6,820
6,060
3,500
1,750
2,000
1,000
Escort/ZX2*
Focus
Contour
Mustang
Taurus
Sedan
Crown
Victoria
Windstar
Ranger
Explorer
Expedition
CAR LINES
Econoline
Van/Wagon
F-Series Pickup
Excursion
F-Series
Chassis Cab
Fifth-Wheel
F-Series
Pickup
Fifth-Wheel
LIGHT TRUCK LINES
*Manual transmission only.
Windstar Wagon
Trailer Tow Packages
Class I Trailer Tow Electrical
Package (Option Code 65T)
• Module, Wiring, and Jumper
for Trailering Light Hook-up
• Required for All Class I
Towing Applications
Class II Trailer Tow Package
(Option Code 539)
• P215/70Rx15SL Tires (4)
• Full-size Spare Tire
• 78 AH Battery
• High-Speed Ambient
Temperature Package (Class II)
• Module, Wiring, and Jumper
for Trailering Light Hook-up
• Auxiliary Transmission Cooler
14
FORD TRUCK TRAILER TOWING PACKAGES
Model (Option Code)
Expedition
(535)
F-150
(535)
Super Duty
F-Series
(531)
Econoline
Van/Wagon (a)
Explorer (b)
(534)
Excursion
(Standard)
Super Engine Cooling
X
X
–
–
–
–
72 Amp.-Hr. Heavy-Duty Battery
–
X
–
–
–
–
Trailer Wiring Harness (7-Pin)
X
X
X (c)
–
–
X
Trailer Wiring Harness (4-Pin)
–
–
–
X
–
–
Heavy-Duty Flasher System
–
–
–
–
X
–
Class III Frame-Mounted Hitch Receiver
X
X
–
–
–
–
Aux. Auto Trans. Oil Cooler
X
X
–
–
–
–
Rear Load Leveling Suspension (4x2 Only)
X
–
–
–
–
–
Heavy Duty Alternator (Gas Engines Only)
–
–
X
–
–
–
Heavy-Duty Shocks
–
X
–
–
–
–
Trailer Brake Wiring/Feed Kit
–
–
X
–
–
X
Front Stabilizer Bar (4x2 Pickups Only)
–
–
X
–
–
–
Rear Stabilizer Bar (DRW 4x2 Pickups Only)
–
–
X
–
–
–
3.73 or 4.10 Limited Slip Rear Axle
–
–
–
–
X
–
Class IV Frame-Mounted Hitch Receiver
–
–
–
–
–
X
(a) Class I package (Option Code 534) content shown. Class II/III/IV package (Option Code 536) includes Class I items plus: electric brake controller
tap-in capability, 7-pin trailer wiring harness (blade-style female connector)/bumper bracket, relay system for backup/B+/running lights, Class III
frame-mounted hitch receiver. (b) Includes 3.73 Limited Slip axle. (c) Pickup models (standard with chassis cabs and box delete). Includes 7-pin
connector (late availability). NOTE: Content may vary depending on model, trim and/or powertrain. See your Ford Dealer for specific content information.
NOTE: Trailer Towing Package recommended for all light trucks that will be used for towing, to help ensure easy, proper connection of trailer lights.
REQUIRED/RECOMMENDED TRAILER TOWING EQUIPMENT
It is essential that your vehicle
includes any optional equipment
needed to best perform its expected
towing tasks. This equipment falls
into the two categories listed at right:
F-150
Super Duty
F-250/350
F-Series
5th Wheel
–
–
X(h)
X(h)
–
–
–
–
X(b)
X(c)
X(d)
X(e)
X(e)
–
X(e)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
–
X
Van/Wagon
Expedition
–
–
Econoline
Explorer
X(a)
Ranger
Windstar Wagon
• For Trailers From 2,000-3,500
pounds – 3.8L Engine with
Class II Trailer Tow Pkg.
Windstar
RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT (WHERE NOT REQUIRED)
Ford
Cars
Required Equipment
2. Recommended Equipment
includes items that can make
towing easier, and are strongly
recommended for strenuous
towing conditions.
1. Required Equipment includes
items that must be installed. Your
New Vehicle Limited Warranty
(see your Dealer for a copy) may
be voided if you tow without them.
Aftermarket Auxiliary
Ranger
• For Trailers Over 2,000
pounds – Air Cond. and
Payload Pkg. No. 2.
Transmission Oil Cooler
Step Bumper (f)
Weight-Carrying Hitch (f)
(Trailers Under 5,000 lbs.)
F-150
• For Trailers Over 4,000
pounds – Heavy Duty
Electrical/Cooling Pkg., OR
Class III Trailer Tow Group.
Weight-Distributing Hitch (f)
(Trailers Over 5,000 lbs.)
Expedition
• For Trailers Over 4,000
pounds – Class III Trailer Tow
Group.
–
–
X
X
X
X
X
–
X
Trailer Towing Package
–
X
–
X
X
X
X
X
X
Class III Hitch Receiver (V6 Only)
–
–
X
–
–
–
–
–
–
Class IV Hitch Receiver
–
–
–
–
–
–
X
–
–
Long Pickup Box
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
X(g)
–
(a) Recommended for long-distance, high-speed towing with automatic transmission on Escort/ZX2, Focus, Crown Victoria, Mustang, Contour
and Taurus Light-Duty applications. (b) Ranger step bumper is rated at 2,000 lbs. maximum trailer weight. (c) For trailers under 3,500 lbs. with
standard rear bumper. (d) Step bumper with 4,000-lb. trailer rating is standard. (e) For trailers under 5,000 lbs. with Rear Step Bumper. (f) Capacities
for bumpers/hitch receivers shown on page 11. (g) 5th wheel towing with short-box units limits turning angle. Parking maneuvers can be improved
with a sliding-type 5th wheel hitch. (h) If vehicle is not equipped with factory Class III Trailer Tow Group, auxiliary transmission oil cooler is
recommended if you are planning on: traveling farther than 50 miles, towing in hilly terrain, or towing frequently.
FRONTAL AREA CONSIDERATIONS
Frontal area is the total
area in square feet that a
moving vehicle and
trailer exposes to air
resistance. The chart
shows the limitations that
must be considered in
selecting a vehicle/trailer
combination. Exceeding
these limitations may
significantly reduce the
performance of your
towing vehicle.
Vehicle Line
Escort/ZX2*/Focus/Contour/Mustang
Windstar Van/Wagon
Explorer
Ranger
Econoline
Excursion
F-150
Expedition
Super Duty F-Series
KEY: MT = Manual Transmission
M
Frontal Area Limitations/
Considerations
With
20 sq. ft.
All applications
Base Vehicle Frontal Area Cargo Van OR Wagon with 3.0L OR Wagon with 3.8L
with Class I Trailer Tow Electrical Pkg. Only
32 sq.ft.
Wagon with 3.8L and Class II Trailer Tow Pkg.
50 sq.ft.
All applications
Base Vehicle Frontal Area 2.5L Engine
50 sq.ft.
3.0L V6 or 4.0L V6 Engine
60 sq. ft.
All applications
60 sq. ft.
All applications
Base Vehicle Frontal Area Without Heavy-Duty Electrical/Cooling Pkg. or Class III
Trailer Tow Group
60 sq. ft.
With Heavy-Duty Electrical/Cooling Pkg. or Class III
Trailer Tow Group
Base Vehicle Frontal Area Without Class III Trailer Tow Group
60 sq. ft.
With Class III Trailer Tow Group
60 sq. ft.
All applications
AT = Automatic Transmission
* Manual Transmission Only
Metric Conversion – To obtain information in kilograms, multiply the pounds by .45; to obtain information in
square meters, multiply the square feet by .09; to obtain information in kilometers, multiply the miles by 1.6.
15
TRAILER TOWING SELECTOR
TO USE THESE CHARTS
Select column with transmission, cab design
and drive system (4x2 or 4x4) you prefer.
Read down column to find the trailer weight
that can be towed with engine/axle ratio
combinations listed at left. GCWR column
shows maximum allowable combined
weight of vehicle, trailer and cargo
(including passengers) for each engine/axle
ratio combination. Maximum Loaded Trailer
Weight assumes towing vehicle with
mandatory options, no cargo and driver (150
pounds) only. Weight of additional options,
passengers, cargo and hitch must be deducted
from this weight. Also check Required and
Recommended Equipment on page 15.
Ride Height Considerations
on Super Duty 4x4 Pickups
The tough monobeam front axle and
spring capacity result in a durable vehicle
with the following ride heights you will
need to consider when towing a fifthwheel or gooseneck trailer:
Model
F-250
F-350 SRW
F-350 DRW
Max. Ride Ht.*
56-57 inches
58-59 inches
57-58 inches
*Vehicles with other configurations may have
varying ride heights.
SUPER DUTY F-250 / 350 PICKUP (Fifth-Wheel Towing)
Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight (Lbs.) – Automatic Transmission
Regular Cab
Engine
5.4L
SEFI V8
6.8L
SEFI V10
7.3L V8
DI Turbo
Diesel
F-350
F-250 4x2
4x4
SRW
F-350
4x2
DRW
Axle
Ratio
GCWR
(Lbs.)
3.73
4.10
3.73
4.30
3.73
4.10
13,500 8,100 7,600 8,000 7,800
15,000 9,600 9,100 9,500 9,300
17,000 11,500 11,000 11,400 11,100
20,000 14,500 14,000 14,400 14,100
20,000 14,000 13,500 13,900 13,600
–
–
13,600
20,000
–
F-250
4x2
SuperCab
F-350
4x4
SRW
F-350
4x4
DRW
F-250
4x2
7,600
9,100
11,000
14,000
13,500
–
7,300
8,800
10,600
13,600
13,200
13,200
7,700
9,200
11,100
14,100
13,700
–
Crew Cab
F-250
4x4
F-350
4x2
SRW
F-350
4x2
DRW
F-350
4x4
SRW
F-350
4x4
DRW
F-350
4x2
DRW
F-350
4x4
SRW
F-350
4x4
DRW
7,300
8,800
10,700
13,700
13,200
–
7,700
9,200
11,100
14,100
13,600
–
7,500
9,000
10,800
13,800
13,400
13,400
7,300
8,800
10,700
13,700
13,300
–
–
7,100 7,400 7,100 7,400
–
8,600 8,900 8,600 8,900
10,400 10,800 10,400 10,800 10,500
13,400 13,800 13,400 13,800 13,500
13,000 13,400 13,000 13,300 13,000
13,000
–
–
–
13,000
7,100
8,600
10,400
13,400
13,000
–
–
–
10,000
13,000
12,600
12,600
F-250
4x2
F-250
4x4
F-350
4x2
SRW
Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight (Lbs.) – Manual Transmission
5.4L
SEFI V8
6.8L
SEFI V10
7.3L V8
DI Turbo
Diesel
3.73
4.10
3.73
4.30
3.73
4.10
13,500 8,200 7,700 8,100 7,800
15,000 9,700 9,200 9,600 9,300
16,500 11,000 10,500 10,900 10,600
20,000 14,500 14,000 14,400 14,100
20,000 14,000 13,500 13,900 13,600
–
–
13,600
20,000
–
7,700
9,200
10,500
14,000
13,500
–
7,400
8,900
10,200
13,700
13,100
13,100
7,800
9,300
10,600
14,100
13,600
–
7,400
8,900
10,200
13,700
13,200
–
7,800
9,300
10,600
14,100
13,600
–
7,500
9,000
10,300
13,800
13,300
13,300
7,400
8,900
10,200
13,700
13,200
–
–
7,200 7,500 7,100 7,500
–
8,700 9,000 8,600 8,900
10,000 10,300 10,000 10,300 10,000
13,500 13,800 13,500 13,800 13,500
12,900 13,300 12,900 13,300 13,000
13,000
–
–
–
12,900
–
7,100
–
8,600
10,000 9,600
13,500 13,100
13,000 12,600
12,600
–
Note: This information also applies to models with Pickup Box Delete option (66D).
SUPER DUTY F-250 / 350 PICKUP (Conventional Towing)
Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight (Lbs.) – Automatic Transmission
Regular Cab
Engine
5.4L
SEFI V8
6.8L
SEFI V10
7.3L V8
DI Turbo
Diesel
F-350
F-250 4x2
4x4
SRW
F-350
4x2
DRW
Axle
Ratio
GCWR
(Lbs.)
3.73
4.10
3.73
4.30
3.73
4.10
13,500 8,100 7,600 8,000 7,800
15,000 9,600 9,100 9,500 9,300
17,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
20,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
20,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
–
–
10,000
20,000
–
F-250
4x2
SuperCab
F-350
4x4
SRW
F-350
4x4
DRW
F-250
4x2
7,600
9,100
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
7,300
8,800
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
7,700
9,200
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
Crew Cab
F-250
4x4
F-350
4x2
SRW
F-350
4x2
DRW
F-350
4x4
SRW
F-350
4x4
DRW
F-350
4x2
DRW
F-350
4x4
SRW
F-350
4x4
DRW
7,300
8,800
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
7,700
9,200
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
7,500
9,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
7,300
8,800
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
–
7,100 7,400 7,100 7,400
–
8,600 8,900 8,600 8,900
10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
10,000
–
–
–
10,000
7,100
8,600
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
–
–
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
F-250
4x2
F-250
4x4
F-350
4x2
SRW
Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight (Lbs.) – Manual Transmission
5.4L
SEFI V8
6.8L
SEFI V10
7.3L V8
DI Turbo
Diesel
3.73
4.10
3.73
4.30
3.73
4.10
13,500 8,200 7,700 8,100 7,800
15,000 9,700 9,200 9,600 9,300
16,500 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
20,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
20,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
–
–
10,000
20,000
–
7,700
9,200
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
7,400
8,900
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
7,800
9,300
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
7,400
8,900
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
7,800
9,300
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
7,500
9,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
7,400
8,900
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
–
7,200 7,500 7,100 7,500
–
8,700 9,000 8,600 9,000
10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
10,000
–
–
–
10,000
Notes: • This information also applies to models with Pickup Box Delete option (66D).
• Trailer weights are limited to 10,000 lbs. due to limitations of the conventional hitch. If you wish to tow a heavier weight, consider a fifth-wheel hitch (see chart above).
If you live in CA, NY, or MA, check with your dealer for powertrain/axle ratio availability.
16
–
7,100
–
8,600
10,000 9,600
10,000 10,000
10,000 10,000
10,000
–
SUPER DUTY F-350 / 450 / 550 CHASSIS CAB (Fifth-Wheel Towing)
Trailer weights shown assume 1,000 lbs. second-unit body weight. Be sure combined weight of vehicle and trailer does not exceed listed GCWR.
Engine
5.4L
SEFI V-8
6.8L
SEFI V-10
7.3L V-8 DI
Turbo Diesel
5.4L
SEFI V-8
6.8L
SEFI V-10
7.3L V-8 DI
Turbo Diesel
Axle
Ratio
3.73
4.10
3.73
4.30
4.88
5.38
3.73
4.10
4.88
GCWR
(Lbs.)
13,500
15,000
17,000
20,000
24,000
26,000
20,000
20,000
26,000
F-350
4x2
SRW
7,400
8,900
10,700
–
–
–
13,300
–
–
F-350
4x4
SRW
6,900
8,400
10,300
–
–
–
12,900
–
–
3.73
4.10
3.73
4.30
4.88
5.38
3.73
4.10
4.88
13,500
15,000
16,500
20,000
22,000
22,000
20,000
20,000
26,000
7,400
8,900
10,200
–
–
–
13,200
–
–
7,000
8,500
9,900
–
–
–
12,800
–
–
Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight (Lbs.) – Automatic Transmission
Crew Chassis Cab
Super Chassis Cab
F-350
F-550 F-550 F-350 F-350 F-350 F-350 F-350 F-350 F-350 F-350 F-450 F-450
4x2
4x2
4x4
4x2
4x4
4x4
4x2
4x4
4x2
4x4
4x2
4x2
4x4
DRW
DRW* DRW* SRW SRW DRW DRW SRW SRW DRW DRW DRW DRW
7,100 6,700
–
–
6,800 6,400
6,900
–
–
–
–
–
–
8,600 8,200
–
–
8,300 7,900
8,400
–
–
–
–
–
–
10,400 10,000 10,000 9,700 10,100 9,700 9,800 9,400
10,200
–
–
–
–
–
–
13,000 12,700
–
13,200
–
12,800 12,400
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
16,100 15,800
16,600 16,300
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
18,100 17,800
18,600 18,300
13,000 12,600 12,600 12,200 12,700 12,300 12,300 11,900
12,800
–
–
–
–
–
–
12,600 12,200
–
12,800
–
12,300 11,900
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
17,600 17,300
18,100 17,800
v
Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight (Lbs.) – Manual Transmission
–
7,100 6,700
–
–
–
6,800 6,400
7,000 6,600
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
8,600 8,200
–
–
–
8,300 7,900
8,500 8,100
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
10,000 9,600 9,600 9,200 9,700 9,300 9,300 8,900
–
9,800 9,400
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
13,100 12,700
–
13,300 12,900
–
12,800 12,400
–
–
–
–
–
–
14,700 14,400
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
-14,200 13,800
–
–
–
14,700 14,400
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
-14,200 13,800
–
–
12,900 12,500 12,600 12,200 12,700 12,200 12,300 11,900
–
12,800 12,300
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
12,600 12,200
–
12,800 12,300
–
12,300 11,900
–
–
–
–
–
–
18,200 17,900 18,100 17,800
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
17,600 17,300
Regular Chassis Cab
F-350 F-450 F-450
4x2
4x4
4x4
DRW DRW* DRW*
–
6,500
–
–
8,000
–
–
9,800
–
–
12,800
–
16,700 16,400
–
18,700 18,400
–
–
12,400
–
–
12,400
–
18,200 17,900
–
F-550
4x2
DRW
–
–
–
–
16,000
18,000
–
–
17,600
F-550
4x4
DRW
–
–
–
–
15,700
17,700
–
–
17,200
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
17,600 17,200
* F-450/550 weights shown are for 141-inch wheelbase models. For 165 and 201-inch wheelbase models, weights may be somewhat less (usually not more than 400 pounds).
SUPER DUTY F-650/750
To determine Maximum Trailer Weight, subtract your
vehicle’s GVWR from the following Maximum GCWRs:
Model
F-650 Regular/Super/Crew Cab
F-750 Regular/Super/Crew Cab
F-750 Regular/Super/Crew Cab
Max. GVWR
Max. GCWR*
26,000 lbs.
30,000 lbs.
33,000 lbs.
40,000 lbs.
45,000 lbs.
60,000 lbs.
*Figures shown are the maximum available for each model. Actual ratings may be
less, depending on your transmission. Check with your sales consultant for the
exact rating on your vehicle.
SUPER DUTY CLASS A
MOTORHOME CHASSIS
Max. GVWR
Max. GCWR
Max. Trailer Wt.
15,500 lbs.
18,000 lbs.
20,500 lbs.
26,000 lbs.
26,000 lbs.
26,000 lbs.
10,500 lbs.
8,000 lbs.
5,500 lbs.
Note: Towing vehicle's braking system is rated for operation at GVWR – NOT GCWR.
Separate functional brake systems should be used for safe control of towed vehicles
or trailers weighing more than 1,500 lbs. when loaded.
F-150 PICKUP (Conventional Towing)
GCWR
(Lbs.)
9,000
10,000
10,000
10,500
11,500 (1)
11,000 (2)
12,000
13,000 (1)
12,500 (2)
13,500
11,000
Maximum Loaded Trailer
Weight (Lbs.) –
Automatic Transmission
Regular Cab
SuperCab
4x2
4x4
4x2
4x4
–
–
–
4,800
–
5,500
5,400
5,800
–
2,000
–
2,000
5,600
5,900
5,800
6,200
6,600
6,900
6,800
7,200
6,100
–
6,300
–
6,900
7,300
7,200
7,500
7,900
8,300
8,200
8,500
7,400
–
7,700
–
8,300
8,700
8,400
8,800
–
–
–
5,900
6,500
7,200
7,800
6,500
7,200
7,800
Maximum Loaded Trailer
Weight (Lbs.) – Manual Transmission
–
2,000
–
2,000
–
–
2,600
–
–
3,300
3,200
3,600
–
1,900
–
2,000
2,300
2,600
2,500
2,900
2,900
3,200
3,100
3,500
Note: Applications that exceed 10,000 lbs. Maximum Trailer Weight require a
fifth-wheel hitch.
F-150 PICKUP (Fifth-Wheel Towing)
Engine
4.2L SEFI V6
4.6L SEFI V8
5.4L SEFI V8
Axle
Ratio
GCWR
(Lbs.)
3.55
3.55
3.55
3.55
3.55
3.73
10,000
11,500 (1)
11,000 (2)
13,000 (1)
12,500 (2)
13,500
Maximum Loaded Trailer
Weight (Lbs.) –
Automatic Transmission
Regular Cab
SuperCab
4x4
4x4
4x2
4x2
5,800
7,200
–
8,600
–
8,800
5,400
6,900
6,400
8,200
7,700
8,500
5,500
7,000
–
8,300
–
8,700
–
6,600
6,100
8,000
7,500
8,300
Engine
4.2L SEFI V6
4.6L SEFI V8
5.4L SEFI V8
5.4L NGV V8
(Natural Gas)
4.2L SEFI V6
(1) With 16-inch tires or 4x2 P275 17-inch tires. (2) With 4x4 P265 or LT265 17-inch tires.
4.6L SEFI V8
M
Metric Conversion – To obtain information in kilograms, multiply the
pounds by .45; to obtain information in centimeters, multiply the inches
by 2.54.
Axle
Ratio
3.31
3.55
3.08
3.31
3.55
3.55
3.31
3.55
3.55
3.73
3.73
3.08
3.31
3.55
3.08
3.31
3.55
(1) With 16-inch tires or 4x2 P275 17-inch tires. (2) With 4x4 P265 or LT265 17-inch tires.
17
TRAILER TOWING SELECTOR
RANGER & EXPLORER
TO USE THESE CHARTS
For trucks and vans, select column with
transmission, model and/or cab design, and
drive system (4x2 or 4x4) you prefer. Read down
column to find the trailer weight that can be
towed with engine/axle ratio combinations listed
at left. GCWR column shows maximum
allowable combined weight of vehicle, trailer
and cargo (including passengers) for each
engine/axle ratio combination. Maximum Loaded
Trailer Weight assumes towing vehicle with
mandatory options, no cargo and driver (150
pounds) only. Weight of additional options,
passengers, cargo and hitch must be deducted
from this weight.
For cars, select the model and make you want,
and read down its column to find the maximum
weight that car and engine can tow.
Be sure to check Required and Recommended
Equipment on page 15.
If you live in CA, NY or MA, check with your
dealer for powertrain/axle ratio availability.
EXPEDITION
Engine
4.6L SEFI V8
5.4L SEFI V8
Axle
Ratio
GCWR
(Lbs.)
3.31
3.55
3.55
3.31
3.55
3.55
3.73
3.73
11,000
11,500(1)
11,000(2)
12,000
13,000(1)
12,500(2)
13,500(1)
13,000(2)
Maximum Loaded
Trailer Weight (Lbs.)
4x2
4x4
5,900
–
–
6,800
7,800
–
8,300
–
–
6,000
5,500
6,400
7,400
6,900
7,800
7,300
(1) With 16-inch tires or 4x2 P275 17-inch tires.
(2) With 4x4 P265 or LT265 17-inch tires.
EXCURSION
Engine
5.4L SEFI V8
6.8L SEFI V10
7.3L V8 DI
Turbo Diesel
18
Axle
Ratio
GCWR
(Lbs.)
3.73
4.10
3.73
4.30
3.73
13,000
14,500
17,000
18,000
18,000
Maximum Loaded
Trailer Weight (Lbs.)
4x2
4x4
6,200
–
10,000
10,000
10,000
–
7,300
9,600
10,000
10,000
Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight (Lbs.) – Automatic Transmission
Ranger
Engine
2.5L
SEFI I4
3.0L
SEFI V6
4.0L OHV
SEFI V6
4.0L SOHC
SEFI V6
5.0L
SEFI V8
Regular Cab
Explorer
SuperCab
2-Door
4-Door
Axle
Ratio
GCWR
(Lbs.)
4x2
4x4
4x2
4x4
4x2
4x4
4x2
4x4
4.10
5,500
2,180
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.73
4.10(1)
4.10
3.55
3.55
3.73
3.73/
4.10
7,500
7,500
8,000
8,000
9,500
9,000
9,500
4,120
4,060
–
–
6,060
–
–
3,860
–
4,360
–
–
–
5,800
3,920
–
–
–
5,860
–
–
3,660
–
4,160
–
–
–
5,620
4.10
3.27
3.55
3.55
3.73
3.73
4.10
4.10
3.55
3.73
9,000
7,500
8,500
9,000
9,000
10,000
9,000
10,000
10,000
11,000
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3,960
–
–
4,160
–
–
–
–
5,160 4,960 4,960 4,760
–
–
–
–
–
3,640
4,640
–
5,140
–
–
–
–
–
4,960
3,440
4,440
–
4,940
–
4,940
–
–
–
–
–
–
4,940
–
5,940
–
5,940
5,820
6,820
–
–
–
4,740
–
5,740
–
5,740
5,620
6,620
Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight (Lbs.) – Manual Transmission
2.5L
SEFI I4
3.0L
SEFI V6
4.0L OHV
SEFI V6
3.73
3.73
4.10
3.27
3.55
3.55
3.73/
4.10(2)
4.10
4,800
1,580
–
6,000 2,660 2,400
6,000 2,600(1) 2,400
6,000
–
–
6,500
–
–
7,000 3,600
–
7,000
3,340
–
7,000
–
(1) Available with XL Trailhead Group only.
(2) 3.73 only for Explorer.
–
1,360
–
2,460
–
–
–
3,400
–
2,200
2,200
–
–
–
3,160
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2,200 2,000 2,000
–
2,300
2,500
–
–
–
–
–
3,200 3,000 3,000 2,800
–
3,000
–
–
ECONOLINE VAN / WAGON
Engine
4.2L SEFI V6
4.6L SEFI V8
5.4L SEFI V8
5.4L NGV V8
(Natural Gas)
6.8L SEFI V10
7.3L V8 DI
Turbo Diesel
Axle
Ratio
3.55
3.73
4.09
3.55
3.55
3.73
4.10
3.73
4.10
3.73
4.10
3.55
4.10
GCWR
(Lbs.)
10,000
10,500
11,000
11,500
12,000
13,000
13,000
11,000
11,500
15,000
18,500
16,000
20,000
Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight (Lbs.) – Automatic Transmission
Van
Wagon
E-350
E-350
E-350 E-350
Super
Super Super
E-250 Super Duty
Duty
E-150 E-250 Extended Duty Extended E-150
Duty Extended
–
4,700
–
–
–
5,100
–
–
–
–
–
5,200 5,100
–
–
–
–
–
–
5,700 5,600
–
–
–
–
6,100
–
–
–
6,600
–
–
–
–
6,900
6,500 6,300 6,500 6,000 5,700
–
–
–
7,500 7,400
–
–
–
7,000 6,700
–
–
–
–
7,500 7,300
–
–
–
4,500 4,500
–
–
5,000
–
–
–
–
–
5,000 5,000
5,000
8,900 8,600
–
–
–
–
9,300 9,200
10,000 10,000
–
–
–
–
10,000 10,000
9,500 9,200
–
–
–
–
10,000 9,800
10,000 10,000
–
–
–
–
10,000 10,000
ECONOLINE RV CUTAWAY/STRIPPED CHASSIS
To determine Maximum Trailer Weight, subtract your vehicle's GVWR from the following GCWRs:
• E-250/350/450 Super Duty Stripped Chassis GCWRs:
– 4.2L Engine = 11,000 lbs.
– 5.4L Engine = 12,000 lbs. (3.55 axle); 13,000 lbs. (4.10 axle)
• E-350/450 Super Duty Cutaway GCWRs:
– 5.4L Engine = 13,000 lbs.
– 6.8L Engine = 18,500 lbs. (4.10 axle); 20,000 lbs. (4.63 axle)
– 7.3L Turbo Diesel Engine = 20,000 lbs. (Applications that exceed 10,000 lbs. Maximum Trailer Weight require
a fifth-wheel hitch.)
Note: Towing vehicle's braking system is rated for operation at GVWR – NOT GCWR. Separate functional brake
systems should be used for safe control of towed vehicles or trailers weighing more than 1,500 lbs. when loaded.
WINDSTAR
Engine
3.0L
SEFI V6
3.8L SPI
SEFI V6
Axle
Ratio
GCWR
(Lbs.)
3.98
3.56
3.56
Maximum Loaded
Trailer Weight (Lbs.)
Wagon
Van
6,550
2,000*
2,000*
7,000
8,500**
2,000*
3,500**
2,000*
–
*Requires Class I Trailer Tow Electrical Package.
**Requires Class II Trailer Tow Package.
M
M
FORD CARS
Car Line
Towing Class
Max. Gross Trailer Wt. (Lbs.)
Max. Tongue Load (Lbs.)
Minimum Engine
Escort/ZX2
Focus
Contour
Mustang
Taurus
Crown Victoria
Light-Duty I (1)(2)
Light-Duty I (1)
Light-Duty I (1)
Light-Duty I (1)
Light-Duty I
Light-Duty I
2,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,100(Wagon)/
1,250 (Sedan) (3)
100
100
100
100
140/155 (3)
200
2.0L 4-Cyl.*
2.0L 4-Cyl.*
2.0L 4-Cyl.*
3.8L V-6*
3.0L V-6* (3)
4.6L V-8
(1) Frontal area under 20 square feet. (2) Automatic transmission not to be used for trailer towing on ZX2. (3) 1,600 (Wagon)/1,750 (Sedan) Max. Gross Trailer Weight and
160/175 Max. Tongue Load with optional Duratec engine and only driver and one passenger with no cargo. When towing on roads with steep grades or moderate but long
sustained grades (5 miles or more), or when ambient temperatures exceed 100 degrees F., vehicle speed should not exceed 45 MPH in both cases. *Auxiliary transmission oil
cooler recommended for automatic transmission during long-distance hauling (greater than 50 miles); see vehicle's Owner Guide for complete towing requirements.
Metric Conversion – To
obtain information in
kilograms, multiply the
pounds by .45; to obtain
information in kilometers,
multiply the miles by 1.6;
to obtain information in
centimeters, multiply the
inches by 2.54; to obtain
information in square
meters, multiply the square
feet by .09.
19
TRAILERING TIPS
Trailer towing is a special driving
situation which places extra demands
on your driving skills. We have
included a few basic tips that you
should know in order to transport your
trailer and its contents safely,
comfortably and without abusing the
towing vehicle:
Weight Distribution
• For optimum handling, the trailer
must be properly loaded and
balanced.
• Keep center of gravity low for best
handling.
• Approximately 60% of the cargo
weight should be in the front half of
the trailer and 40% in the rear
(within limits of Tongue Weight).
• Load should also be balanced from
side to side for good handling and
proper tire wear.
• Load must be firmly secured to
prevent shifting during cornering or
braking, which could result in a
sudden loss of control.
Before Starting
• Before setting out on a trip, practice
turning, stopping and backing up
your trailer in an area away from
heavy traffic.
Backing
• Back slowly, with someone outside
at rear of trailer to guide you.
• Place one hand at bottom of steering
wheel and move it in the direction
you want the trailer to go.
• Make small steering inputs … slight
movement of steering wheel results
in much greater movement in rear of
trailer.
Braking
• Allow considerably more distance
for stopping with trailer attached.
(See page 10)
• If you have a manual brake
controller, “lead” with trailer brakes,
if possible.
• To correct trailer side-sway, touch
trailer brakes momentarily without
using vehicle brakes.
Downgrades and Upgrades
• Downshifting assists braking on
downgrades and provides added
power at the drive wheels for
climbing hills.
Parking with a Trailer
• Whenever possible, vehicles with
trailers should not be parked on a
grade. However, if it is necessary,
place wheel chocks under the
trailer’s wheels as follows:
– Apply the foot service brakes and hold.
– Have another person place the
wheel chocks under the trailer
wheels on the downgrade side.
– Once the wheel chocks are in
place, release foot service brakes,
making sure that the chocks are
holding the vehicle and trailer.
– Apply the parking brake.
– Shift the transmission into P (PARK)
with an automatic transmission and
make sure it is latched there. If your
vehicle has a manual transmission,
put the gearshift lever in R
(REVERSE).
NOTE: With 4-wheel drive, make sure the
transfer case is not in N (NEUTRAL) (where
applicable).
• To start, after being parked on a
grade:
– Apply the foot service brake and
hold.
– Start the engine with the gearshift
selector lever in P (PARK) on
automatic transmissions or N
(NEUTRAL) on manual
transmissions.
– Shift the transmission into gear and
release the parking brake.
– Release the foot service brakes and
move the vehicle uphill to free the
wheel chocks.
– Apply the foot service brakes and
hold while another person retrieves
the chocks.
Acceleration and Passing
• The added weight of the trailer can
dramatically decrease the
acceleration of the towing vehicle —
exercise caution.
• If you must pass a slower vehicle, be
sure to allow extra distance ...
remember, you also have the added
length of the trailer which must clear
the other vehicle before you can pull
back in.
• Make your pass on level terrain with
plenty of clearance.
• If necessary, downshift for improved
acceleration.
Driving with an Automatic
Overdrive Transmission
• With certain car and compact truck
automatic overdrive transmissions,
towing – especially in hilly areas –
may result in excessive shifting
between overdrive and the next
lower gear.
• If this occurs, it is recommended that
the overdrive gear be locked out to
eliminate the condition and provide
steadier performance (see your
vehicle’s Owner Guide for
information).
• When there is no excessive shifting,
NOTE: For additional trailering information pertaining to your
Ford vehicle, refer to the vehicle’s Owner Guide.
8-99 #76700107
For the Latest RV/Towing
Information, Check Out
the Ford Web Site at
www.ford.com
use the overdrive gear for optimum
fuel economy.
• Overdrive also may be locked out to
obtain engine braking on
downgrades.
Driving with Speed Control
• When driving uphill with a heavy
load, significant speed drops may
occur.
• A speed drop of more than 8 to 14
mph will, by design, cancel the
automatic speed control.
• Temporarily resume manual control
through the vehicle’s accelerator
pedal until the terrain levels off.
Tire Pressure
• Underinflated tires get very hot and
can lead to tire failures and possible
loss of vehicle control.
• Overinflated tires can cause uneven
tire wear.
• Tires should be checked often for
conformance to cold inflation
pressures recommended on the
Safety Compliance Certification
Label for original equipment tires.
Spare Tire Use (Car Applications)
• Mini-spare tires:
– Should not be used ...
- as a conventional road tire.
– Are intended only ...
- for emergency and limited
mileage use.
- until conventional tire is available.
On the Road
• After about 50 miles, stop in a
protected location and doublecheck:
– Trailer hitch attachment.
– Lights and electrical connections.
– Trailer wheel lug nuts for tightness.
– Engine oil … check regularly
throughout trip.
High Altitude Operation
• Since gasoline engines lose power at
a rate of 3% to 4% per 1,000 ft.
elevation, a reduction in gross
vehicle weights and gross
combination weights of 2% per
1,000 ft. elevation is recommended
to maintain performance.
Powertrain Considerations
• The charts in this guide show the
minimum engine size needed to
move the gross combination weight
of the tow vehicle and trailer.
• Under certain conditions, however,
(e.g., when the trailer has a large
frontal area that adds substantial air
drag or when trailering in hilly or
mountainous terrain) it’s wise to
choose a larger engine.
M Metric Conversion – To obtain information in centimeters, multiply
feet by 30; to obtain information in kilometers, multiply miles by 1.6.
Illustrations and information presented herein were correct when approved for printing. Ford
Division reserves the right to discontinue or change at any time the specifications or designs
without incurring obligations. Some features shown or described are optional
at extra cost. Some options are required in combination with other options.
Consult your Ford Dealer for the latest, most complete information on models,
features, prices and availability.
Many of the recreational vehicles shown in this brochure are modified or
manufactured by companies other than Ford Motor Company. Ford assumes
no responsibility for such modifications or manufacturing.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising