318 KB

318 KB
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USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-23 50 52.00 10 (February 2016)
----------------------------------Preparing Activity: USACE
Superseding
UFGS-33 60 00.00 10 (April 2008)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 23 - HEATING, VENTILATING, AND AIR CONDITIONING (HVAC)
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
CENTRAL HIGH TEMPERATURE WATER (HTW) GENERATING PLANT AND AUXILIARIES
02/16
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
REFERENCES
1.2
SUBMITTALS
1.3
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.3.1
Welding Qualifications
1.3.2
Calculations
1.4
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
1.5
EXTRA MATERIALS
PART 2
PRODUCTS
2.1
MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT
2.1.1
Standard Products
2.1.2
Nameplates
2.1.3
Prevention of Rust
2.1.4
Equipment Guards and Access
2.1.5
Use of Asbestos Products
2.2
HIGH TEMPERATURE WATER GENERATORS
2.2.1
Capacity
2.2.2
Electrical Equipment
2.2.2.1
Motor Ratings
2.2.2.2
Motor Starters
2.2.3
Heating Plant Requirements
2.2.4
HTW Generator Design Requirements
2.2.4.1
Radiant Heat Input
2.2.4.2
Maximum Heat Input
2.2.4.3
Combustion Gas Temperature
2.2.4.4
Design Requirements
2.2.4.5
Spreader Stoker Units
2.2.4.6
Underfeed Dumping Grate Units
2.2.4.7
Effective Radiant Heating Surface
2.2.4.7.1
Bare, Metal Covered, or Metallic Core Covered Tubes and
Headers
2.2.4.7.2
Extended Surfaces, Metal and Metallic Surfaces
Extending from the Tubes or Headers
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 1
2.2.4.7.3
Furnace Exit Tubes
2.2.4.8
Furnace Volume
2.2.4.9
Burners
2.2.4.10
Generator
2.2.4.11
Nameplates
2.3
HIGH TEMPERATURE WATER GENERATOR DETAILS
2.3.1
HTW Generators and Components
2.3.1.1
Headers
2.3.1.2
Tubes
2.3.1.3
Baffles
2.3.1.4
Furnace
2.3.1.5
Supports
2.3.1.6
Access Doors
2.3.1.7
Miscellaneous
2.3.2
HTW Generator Setting Materials
2.3.2.1
HTW Generator Casing
2.3.2.2
Walls
2.3.2.3
HTW Generator Roof
2.3.2.4
Bridge Walls
2.3.2.5
Settling Chamber
2.3.2.6
Expansion Joints
2.3.2.7
Firebrick
2.3.2.8
Plastic Refractory
2.3.3
Boiler Fittings and Appurtenances
2.3.3.1
Thermometer
2.3.3.2
Pressure Gauge
2.3.3.3
Relief Safety Valves
2.3.3.4
Drain Valves
2.3.4
Soot Blowers
2.4
FUEL BURNING EQUIPMENT
2.4.1
Spreader Stokers
2.4.1.1
Grates
2.4.1.2
Traveling Grates
2.4.1.3
Vibrating Grate
2.4.1.4
Controls
2.4.1.5
Hoppers
2.4.1.6
Air Systems
2.4.2
Underfeed Stokers
2.4.2.1
Ram-Type Stokers
2.4.2.2
Grate Surface
2.4.2.3
Ram Feed
2.4.2.4
Hoppers
2.4.3
Conveyor Stokers
2.4.3.1
Grates
2.4.3.2
Conveyor Grate
2.4.3.3
Hoppers
2.4.4
Vibrating Grate Stokers
2.4.4.1
Grates
2.4.4.2
Controls
2.4.4.3
Hoppers
2.4.5
Burners
2.4.6
Fuel Oil Pumping and Heating Sets
2.5
COMBUSTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT
2.5.1
Combustion Controls
2.5.2
Stoker Controls
2.5.3
Positioning Type Combustion Control Equipment
2.5.4
Semi-Metering Type Combustion Control Equipment
2.5.5
Metering Type Combustion Control Equipment
2.5.6
Combustion Control with Oxygen Trim
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 2
2.5.7
HTW Generator Limit Controls
2.5.8
Burner Control/Fuel Safety System
2.5.8.1
Design Requirements
2.5.8.1.1
Maintenance and Reliability Requirements
2.5.8.1.2
Adverse Electrical Conditions
2.5.8.2
System Design
2.5.8.3
System Functional Requirements
2.5.8.3.1
Operating Modes
2.5.8.3.2
Furnace Purge and Boiler Monitor
2.5.8.3.3
Igniter Control
2.5.8.3.4
Main Oil Burner Control
2.5.8.3.5
Fuel Safety Subsystem
2.5.8.3.6
Flame Monitoring
2.5.8.3.7
Enclosures
2.5.8.3.8
Local Termination Boxes
2.5.8.3.9
Interconnecting Cable Requirements
2.5.8.3.10
Buffered Output Signals
2.6
HEATING PLANT PANELS AND INSTRUMENTS
2.6.1
HTW Generator Instrument and Control Panel
2.6.2
Indicators
2.6.3
Recorders
2.6.4
Panel Display
2.6.5
Hot Water and Feedwater Flow Measurement
2.6.6
Pressure Gauges
2.6.7
Dial Indicating Thermometers
2.6.7.1
Expansion Tank and Dump Tank Thermometers
2.6.7.2
Inlet and Outlet Gauges of HTW Generators
2.6.8
Remote Reading Temperature Indicators
2.6.8.1
Pump Thermometers
2.6.8.2
Pipeline Thermometers
2.6.8.3
Flue Gas and Fuel Oil (if Oil-Fired) Thermometers
2.6.8.4
Separable Sockets
2.6.9
Oxygen Analyzer
2.6.10
Flue Gas Opacity Monitor
2.6.11
Fuel Flow Meter
2.6.12
Water Flow Meter
2.6.13
Btu Recorder
2.6.14
Makeup Water Meter
2.6.15
Master Control Center
2.6.15.1
Panel Board
2.6.15.2
Distribution Zone Valve Controls
2.6.15.3
Expansion Tank Water Level Indicator
2.6.15.4
Annunciator
2.6.15.5
Liquid Level Control Stations
2.6.15.5.1
Expansion Tank Overflow Controller
2.6.15.5.2
Dump Tank Overflow Controller
2.6.15.6
Distribution Zones Control Station
2.6.15.7
Plant Master Controller
2.6.15.8
Clock
2.6.16
Panel Piping and Wiring
2.6.17
Pilot Lights
2.6.18
Continuous Emissions Monitoring
2.7
NITROGEN PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM
2.7.1
Expansion Tank
2.7.2
Dump Tank
2.7.3
Expansion Tank and Dump Tank Fittings
2.8
BLOWOFF SYSTEM
2.8.1
Sample Cooler
2.8.2
Blowoff Tank
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 3
2.9
WASTE HEAT RECOVERY EQUIPMENT
2.9.1
Economizers
2.9.2
Air Preheaters
2.10
DRAFT FANS
2.10.1
Draft Fan Control
2.10.2
Draft Fan Drives
2.11
AIR DUCTS
2.12
BREECHING
2.13
STACKS
2.14
ELECTRIC MOTOR-DRIVEN PUMPS
2.14.1
HTW Circulating Pumps
2.14.1.1
Suction and Discharge Flanges
2.14.1.2
Structural Steel Bases
2.14.1.3
Pump Coupling and Guard
2.14.1.4
Recirculation Control Valve
2.14.1.5
Pump Testing
2.14.1.6
Instrument Panel
2.14.2
Emergency Makeup Water Pump
2.14.3
Makeup Water Pumps
2.14.4
LTW Circulation Pump
2.15
LTW EXPANSION TANK
2.16
HEAT EXCHANGERS
2.16.1
Water Heaters
2.16.2
LTW Heat Exchanger for Fuel Oil Heating
2.17
CHEMICAL TREATMENT AND WATER SOFTENING EQUIPMENT
2.17.1
Chemical Feeder
2.17.2
Chemical Feed Pumps and Tanks
2.17.3
Water Softening Equipment
2.17.3.1
Water Analysis
2.17.3.2
Zeolite
2.17.3.3
Reactor Tank
2.17.3.4
Softening System
2.17.3.5
Water Test Kit
2.17.3.6
Treated Water Storage Tank
2.18
HTW SPECIALTIES
2.18.1
Sediment Trap and Blender
2.18.2
Line Mixer
2.18.3
Liquid Level Control Column
2.19
AIR COMPRESSORS
2.19.1
Service Air Compressors
2.19.2
Instrument Air Compressors
2.20
PIPING
2.20.1
Pipe
2.20.2
Fittings
2.20.3
Nipples
2.20.4
Unions
2.20.5
Pipe Threads
2.20.6
Pipe Expansion
2.20.6.1
Expansion Joints
2.20.6.2
Flexible Ball Joints
2.20.7
Valves
2.20.7.1
Check Valves
2.20.7.2
Gate Valves
2.20.7.3
Globe Valves and Angle Valves
2.20.7.4
Thermostatic Regulating Valve
2.20.7.4.1
Cooling Water Control Valves
2.20.7.4.2
Makeup Water Heater Control Valve
2.20.7.4.3
LTW Heater Control Valve
2.20.7.4.4
Domestic Water Heater Control Valve
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 4
2.20.8
Back Pressure Relief Valves
2.20.9
Exhaust Heads
2.20.10
Strainers
2.20.11
Pipe Hangers, Inserts, and Supports
2.20.11.1
Types 5, 12, and 26
2.20.11.2
Type 3
2.20.11.3
Type 18
2.20.11.4
Types 19 and 23
2.20.11.5
Type 20
2.20.11.6
Type 24
2.20.11.7
Type 39 Saddle or Type 40 Shield
2.20.11.8
Horizontal Pipe Supports
2.20.11.9
Vertical Pipe Supports
2.20.11.10
Type 35 Guides with Slides
2.20.11.11
Pipe Hangers on Horizontal Insulated Pipes
2.20.11.12
Piping in Trenches
2.21
INSULATION
2.22
TOOLS
2.22.1
Smoke Pipe Cleaner
2.22.2
Firing Tools
2.22.3
Wrenches and Gaskets
2.23
FUEL OIL TANKS
2.23.1
Fuel-Oil Storage Tanks
2.23.2
Hot-Water Coil
2.23.3
Tank Accessories
2.24
COAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
2.24.1
Screw Conveyor
2.24.2
Belt Conveyor
2.24.3
Flight Conveyor
2.24.4
Bucket Elevators
2.24.5
Vibrating Conveyor
2.24.6
Gravimetric Weigh Feeder
2.24.7
Track Hoppers
2.24.7.1
Rack-and-Pinion Gate
2.24.7.2
Vibrating or Belt Feeders
2.24.8
Truck Hoppers
2.24.8.1
Rack-and-Pinion Gate
2.24.8.2
Vibrating or Belt Feeders
2.24.9
Vibrator
2.24.10
Car Heaters
2.24.10.1
Gas-Fired Heaters
2.24.10.2
Electric Infrared Radiant Heaters
2.24.11
Coal Spouts, Chutes, Inlet Boxes, and Outlet Hoppers
2.24.12
Car Spotter
2.24.13
Coal Bunkers
2.24.14
Coal Storage Silos
2.24.14.1
Silo Walls
2.24.14.2
Concrete Stave Silo
2.24.14.3
Exteriors of Stave And Concrete Silos
2.24.14.4
High- and Low-Level Switch
2.24.15
Coal Crusher
2.24.16
Vibrating Feeders
2.24.17
Tripper
2.24.18
Trackmobile
2.24.19
En-Masse Chain Conveyors
2.25
ASH HANDLING SYSTEM
2.25.1
Boiler Room Ash Handling System
2.25.1.1
Ash Hopper
2.25.1.2
Clinker Grinder
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 5
2.25.1.3
Conveyor Piping
2.25.1.4
Vacuum and Combination Vacuum/Pressure Systems
2.25.1.4.1
Vacuum System
2.25.1.4.2
Combination Vacuum/Pressure Systems
2.25.1.4.3
Pump Unit
2.25.1.4.4
Control Cabinet
2.25.1.4.5
Controls
2.25.1.4.6
Automatic Air Valve
2.25.1.5
Ash Silo
2.25.1.5.1
Ash Storage Silo
2.25.1.5.2
Silo Vent Filter
2.25.1.5.3
Rotary, Dustless Unloader
2.25.1.6
Conveyor Type Ash Handling System
2.25.1.6.1
Drag Chain Conveyor
2.25.1.6.2
Elevator Conveyor
2.25.2
Ash Handling Controls
2.25.3
Submerged Drag Chain Conveyor (SDCC)
2.25.4
Dense Phase Ash Handling
2.25.5
Fly Ash Collectors
PART 3
EXECUTION
3.1
EXAMINATION
3.2
ERECTION OF BOILER AND AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
3.3
EARTHWORK
3.4
STORAGE TANK INSTALLATION
3.5
PIPING INSTALLATION
3.5.1
Pipe Sleeves
3.5.1.1
Pipes Passing through Waterproofing Membranes
3.5.1.2
Optional Counterflashing
3.5.2
Pipe Joints
3.5.2.1
Threaded Joints
3.5.2.2
Welded Joints
3.5.2.2.1
Beveling
3.5.2.2.2
Alignment
3.5.2.2.3
Erection
3.5.2.2.4
Defective Welding
3.5.2.2.5
Electrodes
3.5.2.3
Flanges and Unions
3.5.3
Supports
3.5.3.1
General
3.5.3.2
Seismic Requirements
3.5.3.3
Structural Reinforcements
3.5.4
Anchors
3.5.5
Pipe Expansion
3.5.5.1
Expansion Loop
3.5.5.2
Expansion Joints
3.5.6
Valves
3.6
BURIED PIPING INSTALLATION
3.6.1
Protective Coating for Underground Steel Pipe
3.6.2
Cleaning of Surfaces to be Coated
3.6.3
Coating
3.6.3.1
Epoxy Coating System
3.6.3.2
Bituminous Pipe Coating
3.6.3.3
Polyethylene Pipe Coating
3.6.3.4
Tape-Wrap Pipe Coating
3.6.3.5
Coating Inspection and Testing
3.6.4
Installing Buried Piping
3.7
FIELD PAINTING AND COATING
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 6
3.8
MANUFACTURER'S SERVICES
3.8.1
Manufacturer's Representative
3.8.2
Field Training
3.9
TESTS
3.9.1
Hydrostatic Tests
3.9.1.1
Water Sides Including Fittings and Accessories
3.9.1.2
Generator Casing, Air Casings, and Ducts
3.9.1.3
Fuel Oil Test
3.9.1.4
Fuel Systems for Oil-Fired HTW Generators
3.9.2
Fire Safety for Oil-Fired HTW Generators
3.9.2.1
Oil-Fired Generators
3.9.2.2
Oil Burners
3.9.3
Capacity and Efficiency Tests
3.9.4
Operating Tests
3.9.5
Test of Fuel Burning Equipment
3.9.5.1
Sequencing
3.9.5.2
Flame Safeguard
3.9.5.2.1
Immunity to Hot Refractory
3.9.5.2.2
Pilot Intensity Required
3.9.5.2.3
Turndown Ratio
3.9.5.2.4
HTW Generator Limit and Fuel Safety Interlocks
3.9.5.2.5
Combustion Controls
3.9.5.2.6
Safety Valves
3.9.5.2.7
Blowdown Valves and Try Cocks
3.9.5.2.8
Fans, Heaters, Pumps, and Motors
3.9.6
Test of Water Treatment Equipment
3.9.7
System Balancing
3.10
CLEANING OF HTW GENERATORS AND PIPING
3.10.1
HTW Generator Cleaning
3.10.2
HTW Generator Water Conditioning
3.11
SCHEDULES
-- End of Section Table of Contents --
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 7
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-23 50 52.00 10 (February 2016)
----------------------------------Preparing Activity: USACE
Superseding
UFGS-33 60 00.00 10 (April 2008)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
CENTRAL HIGH TEMPERATURE WATER (HTW) GENERATING PLANT AND AUXILIARIES
02/16
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This guide specification covers the
requirements for high temperature water plants of
capacities over 2,930 kW 10,000,000 Btuh, producing
water at temperatures of 115 to 227 degrees C 240 to
440 degrees F at pressures up to 2.8 MPa 400 psig.
Adhere to UFC 1-300-02 Unified Facilities Guide
Specifications (UFGS) Format Standard when editing
this guide specification or preparing new project
specification sections. Edit this guide
specification for project specific requirements by
adding, deleting, or revising text. For bracketed
items, choose applicable items(s) or insert
appropriate information.
Remove information and requirements not required in
respective project, whether or not brackets are
present.
Comments, suggestions and recommended changes for
this guide specification are welcome and should be
submitted as a Criteria Change Request (CCR).
**************************************************************************
PART 1
1.1
GENERAL
REFERENCES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This paragraph is used to list the
publications cited in the text of the guide
specification. The publications are referred to in
the text by basic designation only and listed in
this paragraph by organization, designation, date,
and title.
Use the Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature
when you add a RID outside of the Section's
Reference Article to automatically place the
reference in the Reference Article. Also use the
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 8
Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature to update
the issue dates.
References not used in the text will automatically
be deleted from this section of the project
specification when you choose to reconcile
references in the publish print process.
**************************************************************************
The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the
extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by the
basic designation only.
AIR MOVEMENT AND CONTROL ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONAL (AMCA)
AMCA 801
(2001; R 2008) Industrial Process/Power
Generation Fans: Specification Guidelines
AMERICAN BEARING MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (ABMA)
ABMA 11
(2014) Load Ratings and Fatigue Life for
Roller Bearings
ABMA 9
(2015) Load Ratings and Fatigue Life for
Ball Bearings
AMERICAN BOILER MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (ABMA/BOIL)
ABMA Boiler 203
(2002) A Guide to Clean and Efficient
Operation of Coal-Stoker-Fired Boilers
AMERICAN GAS ASSOCIATION (AGA)
AGA XR0603
(2006; 8th Ed) AGA Plastic Pipe Manual for
Gas Service
AMERICAN GEAR MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (AGMA)
ANSI/AGMA 6013
(2006A; R 2011) Standard for Industrial
Enclosed Gear Drives
ANSI/AGMA 6113
(2006A; R 2011) Standard for Industrial
Enclosed Gear Drives (Metric Edition)
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI)
ANSI Z21.22/CSA 4.4
(2015) Relief Valves for Hot Water Supply
Systems
ANSI Z83.19/CSA 2.35
(2009; Addenda A 2011; R 2014) Gas-Fired
High-Intensity Infrared Heaters
AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE (API)
API Std 610
(2010; Errata 2011) Centrifugal Pumps for
Petroleum, Petrochemical, and Natural Gas
Industries
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 9
AMERICAN RAILWAY ENGINEERING AND MAINTENANCE-OF-WAY ASSOCIATION
(AREMA)
AREMA Eng Man
(2012) Manual for Railway Engineering
AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION (AWWA)
AWWA C203
(2008) Coal-Tar Protective Coatings and
Linings for Steel Water Pipelines - Enamel
and Tape - Hot-Applied
AWWA C213
(2015) Fusion-Bonded Epoxy Coating for the
Interior and Exterior of Steel Water
Pipelines
ASME INTERNATIONAL (ASME)
ASME B1.20.1
(2013) Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)
ASME B1.20.2M
(2006; R 2011) Pipe Threads, 60 Deg.
General Purpose (Metric)
ASME B16.11
(2011) Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and
Threaded
ASME B16.18
(2012) Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint
Pressure Fittings
ASME B16.21
(2011) Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe
Flanges
ASME B16.26
(2013) Standard for Cast Copper Alloy
Fittings for Flared Copper Tubes
ASME B16.3
(2011) Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings,
Classes 150 and 300
ASME B16.34
(2013) Valves - Flanged, Threaded and
Welding End
ASME B16.39
(2014) Standard for Malleable Iron
Threaded Pipe Unions; Classes 150, 250,
and 300
ASME B16.5
(2013) Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings:
NPS 1/2 Through NPS 24 Metric/Inch Standard
ASME B16.9
(2012) Standard for Factory-Made Wrought
Steel Buttwelding Fittings
ASME B31.1
(2014; INT 1-47) Power Piping
ASME BPVC SEC I
(2010) BPVC Section I-Rules for
Construction of Power Boilers
ASME BPVC SEC IX
(2010) BPVC Section IX-Welding and Brazing
Qualifications
ASME BPVC SEC VII
(2010) BPVC Section VII-Recommended
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 10
Guidelines for the Care of Power Boilers
ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1
(2010) BPVC Section VIII-Rules for
Construction of Pressure Vessels Division 1
ASME CSD-1
(2012) Control and Safety Devices for
Automatically Fired Boilers
ASME PTC 10
(1997; R 2014) Performance Test Code on
Compressors and Exhausters
ASME PTC 4
(2013) Fired Steam Generators
ASTM INTERNATIONAL (ASTM)
ASTM A106/A106M
(2014) Standard Specification for Seamless
Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature
Service
ASTM A167
(2011) Standard Specification for
Stainless and Heat-Resisting
Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate, Sheet, and
Strip
ASTM A242/A242M
(2013) Standard Specification for
High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel
ASTM A36/A36M
(2014) Standard Specification for Carbon
Structural Steel
ASTM A514/A514M
(2014) Standard Specification for
High-Yield-Strength, Quenched and Tempered
Alloy Steel Plate, Suitable for Welding
ASTM A53/A53M
(2012) Standard Specification for Pipe,
Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated,
Welded and Seamless
ASTM A568/A568M
(2014) Standard Specifications for Steel,
Sheet, Carbon, Structural, and
High-Strength, Low-Alloy, Hot-Rolled and
Cold-Rolled, General Requirements for
ASTM A653/A653M
(2015) Standard Specification for Steel
Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or
Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by
the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM A733
(2013) Standard Specification for Welded
and Seamless Carbon Steel and Austenitic
Stainless Steel Pipe Nipples
ASTM B68/B68M
(2011) Standard Specification for Seamless
Copper Tube, Bright Annealed (Metric)
ASTM B88
(2014) Standard Specification for Seamless
Copper Water Tube
ASTM B88M
(2013) Standard Specification for Seamless
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 11
Copper Water Tube (Metric)
ASTM C155
(1997; R 2013) Standard Specification for
Insulating Firebrick
ASTM C27
(1998; R 2008) Fireclay and High-Alumina
Refractory Brick
ASTM C34
(2013) Structural Clay Load-Bearing Wall
Tile
ASTM C401
(2012) Alumina and Alumina-Silicate
Castable Refractories
ASTM C62
(2013a) Building Brick (Solid Masonry
Units Made from Clay or Shale)
ASTM D396
(2015b) Standard Specification for Fuel
Oils
ASTM G21
(2015) Determining Resistance of Synthetic
Polymeric Materials to Fungi
COMPRESSED AIR AND GAS INSTITUTE (CAGI)
CAGI B19.1
(2010) Safety Standard for Compressor
Systems
CONVEYOR EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (CEMA)
CEMA B105.1
(2009) Welded Steel Conveyor Pulleys with
Compression Type Hubs
CEMA Belt Book
(2007) Belt Conveyors for Bulk Materials
EXPANSION JOINT MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (EJMA)
EJMA Stds
(2011) EJMA Standards
INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS (IEEE)
IEEE C37.90
(2005; R 2011) Standard for Relays and
Relay Systems Associated With Electric
Power Apparatus
MANUFACTURERS STANDARDIZATION SOCIETY OF THE VALVE AND FITTINGS
INDUSTRY (MSS)
MSS SP-58
(1993; Reaffirmed 2010) Pipe Hangers and
Supports - Materials, Design and
Manufacture, Selection, Application, and
Installation
MSS SP-69
(2003; Notice 2012) Pipe Hangers and
Supports - Selection and Application (ANSI
Approved American National Standard)
MSS SP-70
(2011) Gray Iron Gate Valves, Flanged and
Threaded Ends
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 12
MSS SP-71
(2011; Errata 2013) Gray Iron Swing Check
Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends
MSS SP-80
(2013) Bronze Gate, Globe, Angle and Check
Valves
MSS SP-85
(2011) Gray Iron Globe & Angle Valves
Flanged and Threaded Ends
NACE INTERNATIONAL (NACE)
NACE SP0185
(2007) Extruded Polyolefin Resin Coating
Systems with Soft Adhesives for
Underground or Submerged Pipe
NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (NEMA)
NEMA ICS 1
(2000; R 2015) Standard for Industrial
Control and Systems: General Requirements
NEMA MG 1
(2014) Motors and Generators
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION (NFPA)
NFPA 70
(2014; AMD 1 2013; Errata 1 2013; AMD 2
2013; Errata 2 2013; AMD 3 2014; Errata
3-4 2014; AMD 4-6 2014) National
Electrical Code
NFPA 85
(2015; Errata 1 2015) Boiler and
Combustion Systems Hazards Code
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY (NIST)
NIST HB 44
(2013) Specifications, Tolerances, and
Other Technical Requirements for Weighing
and Measuring Devices
RUBBER MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (RMA)
RMA IP-1
(2011) Conveyor and Elevator Belt
Handbook; 3rd Edition
SOCIETY FOR PROTECTIVE COATINGS (SSPC)
SSPC Paint 16
(2006) Coal Tar Epoxy-Polyamide Black (or
Dark Red) Paint
SSPC SP 6/NACE No.3
(2007) Commercial Blast Cleaning
TUBULAR EXCHANGER MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (TEMA)
TEMA Stds
(2007) Standards of the Tubular Exchange
Manufacturers Association (TEMA)
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (DOD)
UFC 3-310-04
(2013) Seismic Design for Buildings
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 13
U.S. NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION (NARA)
30 CFR 1
Mine Safety and Health Administration;
Establishment and Use of Official Emblem
UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES (UL)
UL 296
(2003; Reprint Jun 2015) Oil Burners
UL 726
(1995; Reprint Oct 2013) Oil-Fired Boiler
Assemblies
UL 795
(2011; Reprint Nov 2013) Standard for
Commercial-Industrial Gas Heating Equipment
1.2
SUBMITTALS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Review submittal description (SD) definitions
in Section 01 33 00 SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES and edit
the following list to reflect only the submittals
required for the project.
The Guide Specification technical editors have
designated those items that require Government
approval, due to their complexity or criticality,
with a "G." Generally, other submittal items can be
reviewed by the Contractor's Quality Control
System. Only add a “G” to an item, if the submittal
is sufficiently important or complex in context of
the project.
For submittals requiring Government approval on Army
projects, a code of up to three characters within
the submittal tags may be used following the "G"
designation to indicate the approving authority.
Codes for Army projects using the Resident
Management System (RMS) are: "AE" for
Architect-Engineer; "DO" for District Office
(Engineering Division or other organization in the
District Office); "AO" for Area Office; "RO" for
Resident Office; and "PO" for Project Office. Codes
following the "G" typically are not used for Navy,
Air Force, and NASA projects.
An "S" following a submittal item indicates that the
submittal is required for the Sustainability
Notebook to fulfill federally mandated sustainable
requirements in accordance with Section 01 33 29
SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING.
Choose the first bracketed item for Navy, Air Force
and NASA projects, or choose the second bracketed
item for Army projects.
**************************************************************************
Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation;
submittals not having a "G" designation are for [Contractor Quality Control
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 14
approval.] [information only. When used, a designation following the "G"
designation identifies the office that will review the submittal for the
Government.] Submittals with an "S" are for inclusion in the
Sustainability Notebook, in conformance to Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY
REPORTING. Submit the following in accordance with Section 01 33 00
SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:
SD-02 Shop Drawings
High Temperature Water Generators
SD-03 Product Data
Calculations
Spare Parts
Support of the Equipment
Manufacturer's Instructions
Tests
Welding Qualifications
Field Training
SD-06 Test Reports
Tests
SD-10 Operation and Maintenance Data
Operating and Maintenance Instructions; G[, [_____]]
1.3
1.3.1
QUALITY ASSURANCE
Welding Qualifications
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where pipeline, structural, or other welding
is required on the same project, tests will be
required accordingly. Testing may be by the coupon
method as prescribed in the welding code or by
special radiographic methods. If the need exists
for more stringent requirements for weldments,
delete the first bracketed statement and the welding
submittal.
**************************************************************************
[Weld piping in accordance with qualified procedures using performance
qualified welders and welding operators. Submit a copy of qualified
welding procedures and a list of names and identification symbols of
qualified welders and welding operators. Qualifiy procedures and welders
in accordance with ASME BPVC SEC IX. Welding procedures qualified by
others, and welders and welding operators qualified by another employer may
be accepted as permitted by ASME B31.1. Notify the Contracting Officer 24
hours in advance of tests and perform the tests at the work site if
practicable. The welder or welding operator must apply his assigned symbol
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 15
near each weld he makes as a permanent record. Weld structural members in
accordance with Section 05 05 23.16 STRUCTURAL WELDING.] [Welding and
nondestructive testing procedures are specified in Section 40 05 13.96
WELDING PROCESS PIPING.]
1.3.2
Calculations
Submit manufacturer's design data and structural computations, calculations
for walls, roof, foundations, and other features for specialty type of
construction, along with design data for lateral forces that may be
encountered due to wind loads and seismic forces.
1.4
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
Store all equipment delivered and placed in storage with protection from
the weather, humidity and temperature variation, dirt and dust, or other
contaminants.
1.5
EXTRA MATERIALS
Submit spare parts data for each different item of equipment specified,
after approval of the drawings and not later than [_____] months before the
date of beneficial occupancy. Include a complete list of spare parts and
supplies, with current unit prices and source of supply, and a list of the
parts recommended by the manufacturer to be replaced after [1] [and] [3]
year[s] of service
PART 2
2.1
2.1.1
PRODUCTS
MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT
Standard Products
Provide materials and equipment which are the standard products of a
manufacturer regularly engaged in the manufacture of the products and that
essentially duplicate items that have been in satisfactory use for at least
5 years prior to bid opening.
Equipment items must be supported by service organizations. Submit a
certified list of qualified permanent service organizations for support of
the equipment which includes their addresses and qualifications. These
service organizations must be reasonably convenient to the equipment
installation and able to render satisfactory service to the equipment on a
regular and emergency basis during the warranty period of the contract.
2.1.2
Nameplates
Secure to each major item of equipment a plate with the manufacturer's
name, address, type or style, model or serial number, thermal output or
flow rate, and catalog number.
2.1.3
Prevention of Rust
Unless otherwise specified, factory prime paint surfaces of ferrous metal
subject to corrosion with a rust inhibiting coating and subsequently
factory finish paint in accordance with the manufacturer's standard
practice. Prime and paint equipment exposed to high temperature when in
service with the manufacturer's standard heat resistant paint to a minimum
thickness of 0.025 mm 1 mil.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 16
2.1.4
Equipment Guards and Access
Fully enclose or guard belts, pulleys, chains, gears, couplings, projecting
setscrews, keys, and other rotating parts exposed to personnel contact.
Provide guard or specified insulation cover for high temperature equipment
and piping exposed to contact by personnel or where it creates a fire
hazard. Provide items such as catwalks, operating platforms, ladders, and
guardrails where shown, and constructed in accordance with Section [05 50 13
MISCELLANEOUS METAL FABRICATIONS][05 51 33 METAL LADDERS].
2.1.5
Use of Asbestos Products
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The first clause in brackets should be used
when it is known that substitutes are available for
any asbestos products which might be included with
the equipment. The second clause in brackets should
be used when it is possible or definitely known that
asbestos products for which no technically
acceptable substitute exists may be included with
the equipment.
**************************************************************************
[Products which contain asbestos are prohibited. This prohibition includes
items such as packings or gaskets, even though the item is encapsulated or
the asbestos fibers are impregnated with binder material.] [Except as
provided below, products which contain asbestos are prohibited. This
prohibition includes items such as packings and gaskets, even though the
item is encapsulated or the asbestos fibers are impregnated with binder
material. Asbestos products are acceptable only in exceptional cases where
the Contractor states in writing that no suitable substitute material
exists, and, in addition, the Contractor furnishes to the Contracting
Officer a copy of U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health
Administration "Material Safety Sheet" (Form OSHA-20), completed by the
asbestos manufacturer, stating that the product is not an asbestos health
hazard.]
2.2
HIGH TEMPERATURE WATER GENERATORS
Submit detail drawings consisting of schedules, performance charts,
brochures, diagrams, drawings, and instructions necessary for installation
of the HTW generating units and associated equipment, and for piping,
wiring, devices, trenches, and related foundations. Complete setting plans
certified by the HTW generator and burner manufacturers. Detail drawings
for HTW generators and appurtenances, including coal and ash handling
equipment indicating clearances required for maintenance and operation
containing complete wiring and schematic diagrams, equipment layout and
anchorage, and any other details required to demonstrate that the system
has been coordinated and will properly function as a unit. Include
manufacturer's written instructions indicating optimum pressure at all
manometer connectors. Provide, for each HTW generator (boiler), with a
label indicating the capacity when operating at [_____] degrees C degrees F
entering water temperature and [_____] degrees C degrees F outlet
temperature with a water flow of [_____] kg/second pounds/hour. Design the
HTW generators for a maximum allowable working pressure of [_____] kPa psig
at [_____] degrees C degrees F. Provide in the design, equipment layout
and accessory locations permitting accessibility for maintenance and
service with the following design conditions:
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 17
a.
Site elevation, [_____] m feet.
b.
Ambient air temperatures, [_____] degrees C degrees F to [_____]
degrees C degrees F.
c.
Reference air temperature, 27 degrees C 80 degrees F.
Provide HTW generators capable of operating continuously at maximum
specified capacity without damage or deterioration to the generator, its
setting, or firing equipment or auxiliaries with automatic operation while
burning the fuel specified. Provide HTW generators to operate on [coal
meeting the requirement of paragraph FUEL BURNING EQUIPMENT][fuel oil
conforming to grade number of ASTM D396][a combination of coal and fuel oil
conforming to ASTM D396][natural gas].
2.2.1
Capacity
Provide HTW generators which operate at rated capacity continuously without
exceeding the furnace heat release, volumetric and radiant, furnace exit
temperature, and gas exit temperature specified. Include generator fans,
motors, drives, and similar equipment with at least 10 percent excess
capacity to allow for field variations in settings and to compensate for
any unforeseen increases in pressure losses in appurtenant piping and
ductwork.
2.2.2
Electrical Equipment
Provide electric motor-driven equipment complete with motors and necessary
motor control devices, specifying motors and motor control devices in
Section 26 20 00 INTERIOR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM including requirements for
hazardous area locations with electrical characteristics and enclosure type
indicated. Provide integral size premium efficiency type motors in
accordance with NEMA MG 1.
2.2.2.1
Motor Ratings
Provide motors suitable for the voltage and frequency required. Provide
three phase for 373 W 1/2 horsepower motor and larger unless otherwise
indicated with ratings adequate for the duty imposed, but not less than
indicated.
2.2.2.2
Motor Starters
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
Provide motor starters where a motor starters are not indicated, in a motor
control center on the electrical drawings, under this section of the
specifications with complete with properly sized thermal overload
protection and other equipment at the specified capacity including an
allowable service factor, and other appurtenances necessary. Provide,
whether indicated or not, manual or automatic control and protective or
signal devices required for the operation specified, and any wiring
required to such devices. Where two-speed or variable-speed motors are
indicated, solid-state variable-speed controllers may be provided to
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 18
accomplish the same function.
2.2.3
Heating Plant Requirements
Provide plant fired [package type][field-erected type], [coal-][fuel
oil-][combination coal/fuel oil-], controlled circulation, HTW generators;
expansion vessels; nitrogen pressurization system; makeup water equipment;
fuel systems; pumps; and all controls, piping, insulation, miscellaneous
plant equipment and other accessories indicated or necessary to provide a
complete and operable system.
2.2.4
HTW Generator Design Requirements
2.2.4.1
Radiant Heat Input
Limit the radiant heat input for the effective radiant heating surface of
controlled circulation watertube HTW generators to a maximum of 394
kW/square meter 125,000 Btuh/square foot.
2.2.4.2
Maximum Heat Input
Limit the maximum heat input per cubic meter cubic foot of furnace volume to
931 MJ/cubic meter 25,000 Btu/cubic foot with spreader stokers and
watertube boilers and 1,677 MJ/cubic meter 45,000 Btuh/cubic foot with
underfeed stokers.
2.2.4.3
Combustion Gas Temperature
Provide the combustion gas temperature at the furnace exit with [minimum of
56 degrees C 100 degrees F less than the ash fusion softening temperature
(reducing atmosphere) of the coal specified] [or] [maximum of 1150 degrees C
2100 degrees F when furnace is oil-fired].
2.2.4.4
Design Requirements
Provide manufacturer certification for the HTW generator controlled,
forced-circulation, watertube, once-through type designed and constructed
for high temperature water service conforming to, unless modified, the
applicable construction and performance requirements of ASME BPVC SEC I and
ASME BPVC SEC VII with the following additional requirements:
a.
Water pressure drop not exceeding 105 kPa 15 psi based on a water
temperature differential of 83 degrees C 150 degrees F, generator inlet
to outlet.
b.
The generator with no steam space or other spaces where steam can be
trapped, with vented headers at high points as required.
c.
Provide design for horizontal flow or upflow of water tubes and headers
located in any radiant heat transfer zone.
d.
Tubes and headers located outside the primary radiant heat transfer
zones may be designed for downflow of water.
e.
Provide generator designed for equalization of water flow through the
tube circuits with radiant and convective heating surfaces arranged for
series water flow to insure uniform flow distribution and temperature
rise with proportioned flow to the heat input to prevent formation of
steam in any tubes or headers to the extent that flow distribution
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 19
becomes unbalanced. Distribution of flow may be controlled by limiting
the number of flow paths in parallel, or by using restrictors
(orifices), when required, in each group of parallel flow paths to
increase pressure drop and to insure that all groups have the same
pressure drop.
2.2.4.5
Spreader Stoker Units
Provide a maximum loading of 2206 kW/square meter 700,000 Btuh/square foot
of grate area for spreader stoker units with continuous or intermittent
automatic mechanical ash discharge grates, with a maximum loading of 1,419
kW/square meter 450,000 Btuh/square foot of grate area for the traveling
grate type.
2.2.4.6
Underfeed Dumping Grate Units
Provide for underfeed dumping grate units, excluding side dumping areas, a
maximum loading per square meter square foot of grate of 1,419 kW 450,000
Btuh, assuming a 10 percent maximum ash content and 1200 degrees C 2200
degrees F minimum ash softening temperature.
2.2.4.7
Effective Radiant Heating Surface
Effective radiant heating surface side receiving heat, excluding refractory
lined surfaces, is defined as the heat exchange surface within the furnace
boundaries which is directly exposed to radiant heat of the flame on one
side and to the medium being heated on the other. This surface includes
plain or finned tubes and headers and plain surfaces which may be bare,
metal covered, or metallic core covered. Base computations of effective
radiant heating surfaces on the following:
2.2.4.7.1
Bare, Metal Covered, or Metallic Core Covered Tubes and Headers
The projected area, external diameter times length, of the tube or header.
2.2.4.7.2
Extended Surfaces, Metal and Metallic Surfaces Extending from the
Tubes or Headers
80 percent of the flat projected area, except metal blocks not integral
with tubes or headers; extended surfaces less than 6.4 mm 1/4 inch thick or
more than 32 mm 1-1/4 inches long; that portion of the extended surface
which is more than one tube or header radius from the tube or header from
which it extends, are not included.
2.2.4.7.3
Furnace Exit Tubes
The projected area of those portions of the first two rows of exit tubes
receiving radiant heat from the fire.
2.2.4.8
Furnace Volume
Furnace volume is defined as the cubical volume between the top of the
grate and the first plane of entry into, or between, the tubes. If screen
tubes are utilized, they constitute the plane of entry.
2.2.4.9
Burners
Conform burners to requirements of NFPA 85, UL 296, and UL 726, except as
otherwise specified. Equip flame safeguard controls with repetitive
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 20
self-checking circuits.
2.2.4.10
Generator
Provide HTW generator with continuous capacity within the specified range
at the specified pressure with boiler feed water at approximately [_____]
degrees C degrees F, with flue gas outlet temperature [_____] degrees C
degrees F, based on excess air of [_____] percent and carbon loss of
[_____] percent, at all loads above 50 percent of maximum continuous
capacity. Base output capacity on tests of the HTW generator [and burner]
as a unit.
2.2.4.11
Nameplates
Provide each HTW generator with nameplates stamped with:
a.
Maximum continuous capacity in Watts Btuh.
b.
Radiant heating surface in square meters square feet.
c.
Total heating surface in square meters square feet.
d.
Design pressure in Pa psig.
2.3
HIGH TEMPERATURE WATER GENERATOR DETAILS
Mercury is prohibited for use in thermometers.
2.3.1
HTW Generators and Components
Provide HTW generators [site assembled] [shop assembled] type and arranged
to suit firing equipment as specified, designed for continuous operation at
the capacity indicated and designed to burn [fuel oil specified] [and]
[coal of size and analysis specified]. For watertube, waterwall type HTW
generating units provide complete with [oil burners] [and] [stokers for
coal firing], forced and induced draft fans, control and instrument panel
with limit and automatic controls, soot blowers, [over fire air system,]
feedwater regulator, low water flow cutoff and alarm, feed piping, and all
other fittings, auxiliaries, and appurtenances necessary for safe and
efficient operation, with matched firing equipment and boiler adjusted in
accordance with the boiler manufacturer's requirements. [Provide
factory-fabricated HTW generator assembled on a steel foundation or
foundations, or shipped in not more than three complete subunits to
minimize field erection.] Provide combustion controls.
2.3.1.1
Headers
Provide header-and-tube boiler construction with header diameter limited to
accommodate the water flow and required distribution with a reasonable
pressure drop. The use of drums or excessive header sizes is not
acceptable. Provide seamless steel ASTM A106/A106M, Grade B headers which
are not in primary radiant furnace section with uninsulated bottom portion
of header at tube connection. Attach tube to headers by strength welding
or by rolling, seal welding, and rerolling in accordance with
ASME BPVC SEC I. Rolling of tubes into headers only is not acceptable.
2.3.1.2
Tubes
Provide electric welded or seamless steel tubes with boilers having
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 21
water-cooled furnace walls of a design suitable for the application.
Design tubes located in the primary furnace for horizontal or upflow of
water. Distribute the water to the heating surface in proportion to the
heat absorbing capacities of these surfaces. Locate tube heat absorbing
surfaces so that radiant and convection sections provide for series flow of
water, from generator inlet to outlet, to ensure uniform water distribution
and uniform temperature rise from inlet to outlet. Provide flow orifices
where required with each orifice protected from clogging by individual
strainers or by the master strainer located in the HTW generator return
line. Provide individual access opening for individual strainers with
machined surfaced shoulder type a. Provide individual access openings with
stainless steel filled gaskets with all header gasket surfaces machined to
provide proper seating of gasket.
2.3.1.3
Baffles
Arrange either water-cooled or a refractory material or metal suitable for
temperatures encountered baffles to bring the products of combustion into
contact with the heating surfaces. If used, provide steel plate or
refractory baffles with water cooling on the radiant heat (furnace) side
and the generator's convection section having counterflow, water-to-gas, to
provide an integral economizer arrangement for optimum heat absorption,
gas-to-water, with draft loss held to a minimum.
2.3.1.4
Furnace
Provide water-cooled furnace with the combustion space provided with water
cooling on sidewalls, rear wall, roof, and front, except the portion of the
front wall section required for [stoker installation] [and] [burner
installation]. For stoker-fired generators, provide water-cooled furnace
side walls and rear wall with vertical tubes with center-to-center spacing
not to exceed twice the tube diameter, and furnished with cast-iron,
water-cooled armor block at the grate line to a height of not less than 380
mm 15 inches above the grate line. Provide readily replaceable (without
the use of special tools required) keyed armor block held in place without
the use of bolts, pins, or mastic.
2.3.1.5
Supports
Support HTW generators and firing equipment from the foundations with
structural steel independent of all brickwork, with HTW generator supports
permitting free expansion and contraction of each portion of the HTW
generator without placing undue stress on any part of the HTW generator or
setting.
2.3.1.6
Access Doors
Provide access doors in sufficient number, of adequate size, and properly
located for cleaning, inspection, and repair of all areas in the complete
assembly with gas-tight doors, and with interior surfaces exposed to direct
radiation and high temperature provided with approved lining refractory
material to prevent excessive heat losses and warping of doors. Provide
hinged doors for those too large or bulky for hand removal. Provide at
least one observation port with cast-iron cover on the front and rear wall
of the furnace.
2.3.1.7
Miscellaneous
Provide pipe connections for water inlet and drain outlet, with drain
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 22
valves, relief valves, blowoff, air supply to soot blowers, gauge and vent,
chemical feed, and instruments. Provide HTW generators with necessary jets
for furnace turbulence, the number and arrangement as recommended by the
HTW generator manufacturer. Provide soot blowers, if required by the
manufacturer, and a suitable smoke outlet with steel frame, damper, and
damper shaft, with damper having a high temperature roller or ball bearings
at both ends of the shaft and with suitable operating arm and rod.
2.3.2
HTW Generator Setting Materials
Provide materials conforming to the following:
a.
Firebrick: ASTM C27, class as recommended by the HTW generator
manufacturer.
b.
Insulating Brick:
c.
Castable Refractory: ASTM C401. The minimum modulus of rupture for
transverse strength must not be less than 4137 kPa 600 psi after being
heat-soaked for 5 hours or more at a temperature in excess of 1370
degrees C 2500 degrees F.
d.
Mortar, Air-Setting, Refractory:
manufacturer.
e.
Brick, Common:
f.
Tile, Load-Bearing, Hollow:
g.
Iron and Steel Sheets: Galvanized, ASTM A653/A653M; gauge numbers
specified refer to United States Standard gauge. Uncoated, black:
ASTM A568/A568M, or ASTM A36/A36M.
2.3.2.1
ASTM C155, Class A.
As recommended by the HTW generator
ASTM C62.
ASTM C34, Grade LBX.
HTW Generator Casing
**************************************************************************
NOTE: On water tube type HTW generators that will
be used intermittently, welded wall construction is
recommended to minimize corrosion. In other
applications, or with fuels containing not more than
0.5 percent sulfur, a casing type enclosure is
suitable.
**************************************************************************
[Provide HTW generator with steel-encased wall construction with
fabrication details as recommended by the HTW generator manufacturer, and
with wall and roof lining consisting of a continuous screen of closely
spaced water tubes. Provide double wall construction for HTW generators
with reinforced, welded, gas-tight inner casing constructed of not lighter
than 3.416 mm 10 gauge black steel sheets, and outer casing constructed of
not less than 1.897 mm 14 gauge steel sheets. Outer casing may be either
bolted or welded. Reinforce inner casing with structural steel to provide
rigidity and prevent buckling. Abut inner casing in furnace section with
furnace tubes containing no foreign sealer between the tube steel and the
casing steel, and with casing not attached to tubes. Support each
horizontal tube independently of casing at intervals not exceeding 1.8 m 6
feet with inner casing applied so as to form expansion joints at the point
of tube support. Where refractory is installed at access doors, provide
the double casing constructed to form a gas-tight seal with combustion
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 23
gases unable to enter between inner and outer casing. Check all welded
joints and openings by a pressure test. Repair any casing leakage and make
pressure-tight. Provide reinforced panels that do not exceed the maximum
deflection of 1/360 of the length of the maximum span. Apply block
insulation between the inner and outer casings and hold securely with
insulating pins. Provide the casing, when tested, capable of holding a
pressure of 1.5 times the predicted maximum furnace operating pressure.]
[Provide HTW generator walls of welded-wall construction with fin width
limited to 19 mm 3/4 inch to prevent overheating of the fins under all
operating conditions. Designs exceeding 19 mm 3/4 inch may only be used
when provided with supporting calculations and are subject to Contracting
Officer review for approval. Provide seamless type tubes with continuous
fin-to-tube weld and on both the front (fireside) and back side of the
fin. Provide a minimum of 6.4 mm 1/4 inch thick fins. Pressure test all
welded joints and openings repairing any casing leakage making it pressure
tight. Limit the maximum deflection of the reinforced panels to 1/360 of
the length of the maximum span with the unit capable of holding a pressure
of 1.5 times the predicted maximum furnace operating pressure.]
2.3.2.2
Walls
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For personnel safety, the design temperature
of the casing surface should not exceed 65 degrees C
150 degrees F. Should the designer wish to use a
design surface temperature between 55 and 65 degrees
C 130 and 150 degrees F, an economic evaluation must
be performed. The evaluation must determine if the
additional capital costs for insulation outweigh the
cost savings due to reduced boiler radiation losses.
**************************************************************************
[Provide high-duty refractory behind the waterwall tubes of not less than
65 mm 2-1/2 inches thick conforming to manufacturer's requirements.]
Provide high temperature block and mineral wool blanket between the
refractory backup and steel casing or between an inner and outer casing
with thickness of insulation such that an average casing temperature in the
furnace area does not exceed [55] [_____] degrees C [130] [_____] degrees F
with a surface air velocity of 508 mm/second 100 fpm, and an ambient air
temperature of 25 degrees C 80 degrees F when operating at full capacity.
2.3.2.3
HTW Generator Roof
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For personnel safety, the design temperature
of the casing surface should not exceed 65 degrees C
150 degrees F. Should the designer wish to use a
design surface temperature between 55 and 65 degrees
C 130 and 150 degrees F, an economic evaluation must
be performed. The evaluation must determine if the
additional capital costs for insulation outweigh the
cost savings due to reduced boiler radiation losses.
**************************************************************************
Provide refractory lining conforming to manufacturer's requirements
consisting of not less than 65 mm 2-1/2 inches of high-duty refractory
backup behind the roof tubes and sufficient thickness of high temperature
block insulation or mineral-wool blanket suitable for the temperature
encountered to limit casing temperature in the furnace area to [55] [_____]
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 24
degrees C [130] [_____] degrees F, with a surface air velocity of 508
mm/second 100 fpm and an ambient air temperature of 25 degrees C 80 degrees
F when operating at full capacity. Provide insulation neatly against a
metal ring for manholes and other inspection and access openings, and
identification plates and stamps.
2.3.2.4
Bridge Walls
Provide for bridge walls exposed on all sides to radiant heat and the
products of combustion constructed of super-duty refractory not less than
457 mm 18 inches thick, conforming to manufacturer's requirements. Provide
for walls having only the front side exposed to radiant heat and the
products of combustion, a front facing and cap constructed of 225 mm 9
inches of super-duty refractory and back facing of not less than 225 mm 9
inches of low-duty firebrick with the base of the wall constructed of
common brick.
2.3.2.5
Settling Chamber
Provide settling chamber for the removal of fly ash below the last pass of
each HTW generator with easy means for frequent cleaning without shutting
down the HTW generators.
2.3.2.6
Expansion Joints
Provide expansion joints as required and where indicated to permit all
brickwork to expand freely without interference with the boiler, with
joints of adequate width, tightly sealed against leakage and free from
mortar, with the outer 100 mm 4 inches sealed with resilient mineral wool
suitable for 925 to 1095 degrees C 1700 to 2000 degrees F. Provide a
series of 3 mm 1/8 inch wide vertical openings, spaced 1.8 m 6 feet apart,
on the furnace side of the wall. Make provision for expansion and
contraction between boiler foundation and floor as specified.
2.3.2.7
Firebrick
Lay up firebrick in air-setting mortar with each brick dipped in mortar,
rubbed, shoved into its final place, and then tapped with a wooden mallet
until it touches the adjacent bricks. Mortar thick enough to lay with a
trowel is not permitted. Provide a maximum mortar joint thickness not
exceeding 3 mm 1/8 inch and an average joint thickness not exceeding 1.6 mm
1/16 inch.
2.3.2.8
Plastic Refractory
Install plastic refractory in accordance with the manufacturer's
recommendation and by workmen skilled in its application.
2.3.3
Boiler Fittings and Appurtenances
Provide HTW generator fittings and appurtenances suitable for a HTW working
pressure of [_____] Pa psig and [_____] degrees C degrees F for each HTW
generator in accordance with ASME BPVC SEC I.
2.3.3.1
Thermometer
Provide thermometer for HTW generator inlet water and outlet water for each
HTW generator in a visible location on the HTW generator.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 25
2.3.3.2
Pressure Gauge
Provide pressure gauge for each HTW generator in a visible location on the
HTW generator.
2.3.3.3
Relief Safety Valves
Provide HTW generator relief safety valves such that the discharge is
through piping extended to the plant blowoff tank with relief valves sized,
and constructed, with set pressures as determined in accordance with
ASME BPVC SEC I.
2.3.3.4
Drain Valves
Provide drain valves in tandem at each drain point of blowdown as
recommended by the HTW generator manufacturer. Provide piping conforming
to the requirements of ASME BPVC SEC I and extra strong weight black steel
pipe conforming to ASTM A53/A53M. Provide drain valves conforming to
ASME BPVC SEC I, the balanced seatless type unless otherwise approved.
2.3.4
Soot Blowers
When required, provide HTW generator with air powered, automatic sequencing
and intermittent puff type soot blower system, with a soot blower control
unit suitable for mounting on the generator control panels. Provide
controllers that automatically rotate the soot blower units in successive
steps, each step involving no more than a 69 kPa 10 psi drop in air
pressure at the receiver. After one unit is operated in successive steps
through its cycle, the controller shifts the operation to the second soot
blower unit, and so on, until all units on that generator have been
operated, after which the controller shuts down automatically by the
sequence controls. Provide the soot blower heads with elements of suitable
chrome alloy material for the temperatures encountered in the HTW
generator, and with a sequence timer provisioned for manual selection of
the soot blower units to be used.
2.4
FUEL BURNING EQUIPMENT
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer must include all the required
data for proper design of the boiler. Delete all
references to coal and stokers where oil is the only
fuel to be utilized.
Delete paragraphs describing stoker equipment that
are not required. Stokers and stoking equipment
selected will be based on the following:
Boilers having output capacities of 3,517 kW
12,000,000 Btuh or more will be equipped with
mechanically-driven grates operating continuously or
intermittently. Dump grates will not be permitted
in boilers in this size range. Spreader stokers
will be specified when bituminous coal with ash
content on a dry basis in excess of eight percent or
ash fusion temperature lower than 1200 degrees C
2,200 degrees F is to be used. Pulsating grate
units will be water-cooled and complete with
automatic coal feed and continuous ash removal.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 26
Conveyor stokers may be specified if suitable for
the type of coal available. Chain or traveling
grate may be specified by deletion of one type of
grate, or the choice between the two types may be
left to the Contractor by including both types in
the description. The following is a general guide
in determining which type of grates to investigate:
MW Output
MBtuh Output
(Size) Type of Grate and Stoker
735 - 5860
2,500 - 20,000
Single retort, stationary grate,
underfeed stokers
5860 - 8800
20,000 - 30,000
Single retort, moving grate,
underfeed stoker
1465 - 22000
5,000 - 75,000
Reciprocating grate, front continuous
ash discharge stoker
1465 - 29500
5,000 - 100,000
Vibrating conveyor grate, front
continuous ash discharge stoker
5860 - 36500
20,000 - 125,000
Water-cooled, incline grate, hopper
fed vibrating grate stoker
8800 - 120,000
30,000 - 400,000
Spreader stoker, continuous front ash
discharge
**************************************************************************
Provide manufacturer certification for the HTW generator that the stoker
selected is satisfactory for the HTW generator design. Provide stokers and
HTW generator capable of efficiently burning coal with fuel sizing
conforming to ABMA Boiler 203 for Stoker Firing of Bituminous Coals,
approximately [_____] mm inches in size with an approximate moisture
content of [_____] percent and having the following analyses:
Proximate Analysis
Percent, Dry
Moisture
[_____]
Volatile matter
[_____]
Fixed carbon
[_____]
Ash
[_____]
Ultimate
Analysis Percent, Dry
Carbon
[_____]
Hydrogen
[_____]
Nitrogen (Calc)
[_____]
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 27
Ultimate
Analysis Percent, Dry
Sulfur
[_____]
Chlorine
[_____]
Ash
[_____]
Oxygen (Diff)
[_____]
kJ/kgBtu/lb. as received
[_____]
kJ/kgBtu/lb. - dry
[_____]
Grindability
[_____]
Raw Fuel Size
[_____]
Ash Analysis
Percent
SiO(2)
[_____]
Al(2)O(3)
[_____]
TiO(2)
[_____]
Fe(2)O(3)
[_____]
CaO
[_____]
MgO
[_____]
Na(2)O
[_____]
K(2)O
[_____]
SO(3)
[_____]
Ash Fusion Temperatures
Degrees CDegrees F
Initial deformation temperature
[_____]
Softening temperature
[_____]
Fluid temperature
[_____]
2.4.1
Spreader Stokers
Provide overfeed self-feeding type spreader stokers suitable for burning a
portion of the coal in suspension, but sized assuming 100 percent
combustion on the grate. [Coal must be evenly distributed across the full
width of the grate by not less than [_____] feeder units. Provide unit
designed for operation of any feeder independently of the others, or
possible to operate all feeders simultaneously.] Provide feeders capable
of handling and uniformly distributing coal over the grate area. Provide
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 28
mechanical-rotating type feeders with no moving parts within the combustion
chamber, and where moving parts are exposed to excessive heat, protect
bearings with suitable water jackets. Provide grease or oil lubrication
for all bearings. Provide stoker designed for readily adjustable feed
distribution of coal on the grates.
2.4.1.1
Grates
Provide high air resistant type grates for stoker spreader firing, arranged
for powered mechanical or compressed air actuated dumping in sections.
Provide openings for proper distribution of air under the fuel bed.
[Provide grates in sections to match the feeders with provisions for
shutting off the forced draft to each section so that any section of the
grate can be cleaned while the others remain in service.] Provide
heavy-duty, heat-resisting cast-iron grates. Provide mechanical dumping
with [air-] [water-] actuated power cylinders connected to the grates, and
furnish grates complete with cylinders, linkages, valves, and piping as
required, with each section dumping independently of other sections.
Provide necessary over fire air jets complete with fans, ducts, and air
control valves as required for proper turbulence and combustion. Provide
grate drives that operate independent of feeder drives to provide
independent speed variation of feeders and grates.
2.4.1.2
Traveling Grates
Provide high air resistant type traveling grates especially designed for
spreader stoker firing and for continuous ash discharge. Provide openings
for proper distribution of air under the fuel bed with generator grates
being heavy-duty, heat-resisting cast-iron, and individual replaceable
sections without taking the grate out of service. Hold leakage to a
minimum with air seals around grate. Furnish moving grates complete with
supporting steel, shafts, sprockets, chain, gears, skid bars, and bearings
as required, with the front end of the grates where the ash is discharged
enclosed with a dust-tight enclosure made of heavy cast-iron plates not
less than 16 mm 5/8 inch thick and properly protected with firebrick where
exposed to the furnace or of refractory lined steel plate. Fit the
vertical fronts of the enclosure with refractory lined inspection and
access doors, one for each feeder. Seal the roof of the enclosure with
refractory to protect the metal parts from the furnace temperature.
Enclose the underside of the grates to form a chamber. Provide hopper for
receiving the ashes constructed as indicated or as recommended by the
manufacturer. Provide over-fire air jets as required for proper turbulence
and combustion.
2.4.1.3
Vibrating Grate
Provide high air resistant type vibrating grate especially designed for
spreader stoker firing and for continuous ash discharge, with either airor water-cooled with openings to provide proper distribution of air under
the fuel bed. Provide heavy-duty, heat-resisting cast-iron grates with
individual replaceable sections. Provide a manual adjustment to regulate
the ash bed thickness, with ashes automatically discharged to the ash pit.
Enclose the front of the grates where the ash is discharged with a
dust-tight enclosure of heavy cast-iron plates not less than 16 mm 5/8 inch
thick and properly protected with firebrick where exposed to the furnace,
or of refractory-lined steel plate. Fit the vertical fronts of this
enclosure with refractory-lined inspection and access doors, one to each
feeder. Seal the roof of this enclosure with refractory for protecting the
metal parts from the furnace temperature. Enclose the underside of the
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 29
grates to form a chamber with a hopper for receiving the ashes with
over-fire air jets provided for turbulence and combustion.
2.4.1.4
Controls
Provide stoker controls that accurately regulate the coal feed rate, of the
type required for connection to the combustion control system with a manual
setting of the coal feed rate with variation of stoker feed as required to
maintain any desired capacity between 50 and 110 percent of boiler capacity
without disconnecting linkage. Provide separate feeder and grate drives,
with grate driven through a variable speed transmission with devices for
changing speed interlocked with fuel feed regulation. Provide manual
adjustment of grate speed for allowing synchronization with fuel feed.
Provide all gears and chains of the variable speed transmission and gear
reduction units, as required, run in a bath of oil and enclosed in a
dust-tight and oil-tight case.
Provide a forced lubrication system with fittings located outside the
setting. All bearings shall be antifriction type with hardened inner and
outer races fitted with dust seals and easily accessible forced lubrication
fittings for front and rear shafts of the grates with safety release
devices to protect the mechanism from foreign materials or obstructions.
Provide electric motor driven stoker with electric motor [totally enclosed,
fan-cooled] [totally enclosed fan-cooled for installation in Class II,
Division 1, Group F hazardous location in accordance with NFPA 70], and
motor starter magnetic [across-the-line] [reduced voltage start] type with
[general-purpose] [dust-tight] [explosion-proof] enclosure.
2.4.1.5
Hoppers
Construct hoppers of steel plates not less than 6.4 mm 1/4 inch thick and
capacity of not less than [_____] kg pounds per feeder, provided with
cleanout doors in the front of each feeder. Fit coal feed to the hoppers
with concave type transitions to ensure the proper distribution of coal and
coal fines across the width of the hoppers. Provide stoker front plate
forming the front of the boiler for the full width of the boiler and from
the firing floor to some point above the stoker where it connects to the
boiler structural framing. Provide a front of cast-iron or steel plate
refractory lined with [auxiliary firing doors and] cleanout doors of
refractory lined cast-iron. Structurally frame as required to support the
stoker and its components from the boiler foundation or boiler room floor.
Divide the area under the grates into not less than four air-tight zones
for supply of forced draft having zone control dampers with external
indicating operating and locking devices with all pressure parts for
water-cooled grates including watertubes, headers, and valves furnished by
the stoker manufacturer for boiler pressure specified and constructed in
accordance with ASME BPVC SEC I.
2.4.1.6
Air Systems
Provide spreader stokers with over-fire turbulence and cinder and dust
reinjection systems. Use [air][ or ][steam] as the transport medium.
Provide systems with operating air by a single, low volume high-pressure
fan driven by a splash-proof electric motor. Provide reinjection system
ejectors properly designed, located, and sized for maximum fly ash pickup
from all points. Equip nozzles for each system with manometer connections
and heavy-duty adjustable dampers fitted with locking devices and position
indicators and with nozzles providing maximum combustion efficiency and
furnace turbulence. Provide a manometer connection and a permanent
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 30
manometer immediately downstream from the main reinjection air supply
damper. Provide a portable manometer.
2.4.2
2.4.2.1
Underfeed Stokers
Ram-Type Stokers
For single retort, provide electric motor drive, with all necessary
auxiliary equipment, heavy-duty ram-type stokers equipped with stationary
or moving grates and side dump plates, with compressed air actuated dumping
power cylinders, and stokers capable of handling the coal specified.
Provide hopper feed into the retort by means of a that evenly distributes
along the full length of the retort with auxiliary pusher blocks on a
pusher rod located at the bottom of the retort actuated by the coal ram.
Provide dampers between ash pits and main air chamber under stoker to
permit control of air distribution to the grate surface arranged for
operation from the front plate of the boiler. Provide a design where the
air distribution is such that the air pressure is greatest where the fuel
bed is the thickest with air quantity varying in direct proportion to the
coal feed rate controlled automatically.
2.4.2.2
Grate Surface
Provide a grate surface with an underfeed retort area, air admitting
tuyeres, side combustion grates, and the side dumping plates, with retorts
being sectional construction of large capacity and proper shape to
distribute coal uniformly over the entire grate surface with a minimum of
moving parts within the furnace. Provide stokers having total grate width
of more than 2.1 m 7 feet with movable grates providing positive lateral
feeding of the coal from the retort toward the dump plates. Provide retort
and grate sections constructed of heavy-duty, heat-resisting cast-iron, and
cored for proper air distribution, being designed for easy replacement of
individual sections. Provide ash dump plates with necessary levers and
linkage for hand operation from the front of the boiler.
2.4.2.3
Ram Feed
Provide mechanical, pneumatic, or hydraulic driven by an electric motor
connected through an efficient gear reduction unit, crank shaft, and
connecting rod for ram feed. Provide [totally enclosed fan-cooled type]
[totally enclosed fan-cooled type for installation in a Class II, Division
1, Group F hazardous location motors in accordance with NFPA 70]. [Provide
motor starter with magnetic [across-the-line] [reduced voltage start] type
with [general-purpose] [dust-tight] [explosion-proof] enclosure.] Provide
stoker controls for connection to the combustion control system to
accurately regulate the coal feed rate with manual setting of the coal feed
rate possible without disconnecting linkage, with variation of stoker feed
as required to maintain any desired capacity between 25 and 110 percent of
boiler capacity in 10 or more equal increments. Regulate the coal feed
rate by varying the time increments between strokes of the ram. Provide a
throw-out release protecting the coal feeding mechanism from injury in case
foreign materials obstruct normal operation.
2.4.2.4
Hoppers
Provide hoppers constructed of steel plates not less than 6.4 mm 1/4 inch
thick and capacity of not less than [_____] kg pounds, with cleanout
doors. Provide stoker front plate to form the front of the boiler for the
full width of the boiler and extend from the firing floor to some point
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 31
above the stoker where it connects to the boiler structural framing.
Provide cast-iron or steel plate front, refractory lined with [auxiliary
firing doors and] cleanout doors of refractory-lined cast-iron. Provide
structural framing as required to support the stoker and its components
from the boiler foundation or boiler room floor. Provide water spray pipes
and nozzles for quenching the ashes in the ash pit.
2.4.3
Conveyor Stokers
Provide grate level feed, forced draft [chain grate] [traveling grate] type
conveyor stokers complete with hoppers, feed gate, drive shaft, sprocket
wheels, grate, drive, and all necessary auxiliary equipment. Provide
stokers capable of handling the coal specified. Feed coal automatically at
a constant rate from the hopper onto the moving grate and evenly distribute
across the full width of the grate. The stoker frame shall be provided
with not less than four air-tight zones for supply of forced draft and
have suitable zone control dampers with external indicating, operating, and
locking devices.
2.4.3.1
Grates
Provide grates with individual sections constructed of heavy-duty,
heat-resisting cast-iron, fitted or cored for proper air distribution, and
designed for easy replacement of individual sections. [Provide chain
grates with staggered links connected by pins to form a continuous flat
chain the full width of the furnace.] [Provide traveling grates with grate
blocks mounted on carrier bars which, in turn, are fastened to two or more
drive chains to form a continuous flat grate surface the full width of the
furnace.] Support continuous grates at the ends by suitable sprockets and
at intermediate points on suitable tracks or skids.
2.4.3.2
Conveyor Grate
Drive conveyor grate by [electric motor connected through a suitable
speed-reduction unit] [hydraulically-operated variable speed drive] with
all gears and chains required for the drive enclosed in a dust-tight and
oil-tight housing. Provide main shafts for the grates with a forced system
of lubrication [with fittings located outside the casing] [having
self-lubricating bearings]. [Provide a forced lubrication system with
bearings fitted with dust seals and easily accessible forced lubrication
fittings.] Provide stoker controls suitable for connection to the
combustion control system to accurately regulate the coal feed rate with
manual setting of the coal feed rate by varying stoker feed as required to
maintain any desired capacity between 25 to 125 percent of boiler capacity
possible without disconnecting linkage. Change feed rate by varying the
speed of the grate. Automatically vary air volume in direct proportion
with the feed rate with feed rate varying in not less than 10 equal
increments. Provide [totally enclosed fan-cooled type] [totally enclosed
fan-cooled type electric motor suitable for installation in a Class II,
Division 1, Group F hazardous location in accordance with NFPA 70].
[Provide [manual] [[magnetic] [across-the-line] [reduced voltage start]]
type motor starter with [general-purpose] [dust-tight] [explosion-proof]
enclosure.]
2.4.3.3
Hoppers
Construct hoppers of steel plates not less than 6.4 mm 1/4 inch thick,
having a capacity of not less than [_____] kg pounds, and provided with
suitable cleanout doors. Fit coal feed to the hoppers with concave type
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 32
transitions to insure the proper distribution of coal and coal fines across
the width of the hoppers. Construct stoker frame of cast-iron, cast steel,
or forgings, with all parts of the stoker, except the grates, properly
cooled or otherwise protected from the furnace heat to prevent damage by
warping or undue expansion. Provide stoker front plate to form the front
of the boiler for the full width of the boiler and extend from the firing
floor to some point above the stoker where it connects to the boiler
structural framing. Provide cast-iron or steel plate, refractory-lined
with cleanout doors of refractory-lined cast iron front with structural
framing as required to support the stoker and its components from the
boiler foundation or boiler room floor. Discharge ash at the end of the
grate into a [bunker] [pit] as indicated. [Provide a bunker with a
dust-tight enclosure made of steel plates not less than 6.4 mm 1/4 inch
thick, properly protected with firebrick where exposed to the furnace, and
fitted with cast-iron, refractory-lined inspection and access doors, and
have provisions for ash removal.]
2.4.4
Vibrating Grate Stokers
Provide grate level feed, forced draft type vibrating grate stokers with
the vibrating action of the grate used to feed the coal from the hopper
through the furnace and to discharge the ashes into the ash pit. Provide
stokers capable of handling the specified coal, complete with hopper, feed
gate, grate, drive mechanism, and all necessary auxiliary equipment.
Automatically feed coal from the hopper onto the grate and evenly
distribute across the full width of the grate. Provide a manual adjustment
to regulate the fuel bed thickness. Ashes must be automatically and
continuously discharged to the ash pit. Divide the area under the grates
into not less than four air-tight zones for forced draft supply with
suitable zone control dampers with external indicating, operating, and
locking devices.
2.4.4.1
Grates
Provide grates that are either air-cooled or water-cooled with grate bars
in intimate contact with the water tubes and with individually replaceable
sections of iron or steel suitable for the temperatures encountered.
Provide all pressure parts including water tubes, headers, and valves
suitable for boiler pressure specified and constructed in accordance with
ASME BPVC SEC I, with grate sections properly designed for even air
distribution over the entire grate area.
2.4.4.2
Controls
Provide stoker controls designed for connection to the combustion control
system accurately regulating the coal feed rate and arranged for manual
operation, independent of the combustion control system. Change the length
of time of vibrations to vary the coal feed rate with a vibration generator
belt-connected or gear-connected to the electric motor. Provide a unit
free of any vibration that may damage other parts of the boiler or the
building structure. Provide bearings requiring lubrication with easily
accessible lubrication fittings. Automatically vary combustion air volume
in direct proportion with the coal feed rate. Drive stoker by electric
motor that are high starting torque [totally enclosed, nonventilated]
[totally enclosed, fan-cooled] totally enclosed, fan-cooled suitable for
installation in a Class II, Division 1, Group F hazardous location in
accordance with NFPA 70, with magnetic, reversing [across-the-line]
[reduced voltage start] type motor starter and [general-purpose]
[dust-tight] [explosion-proof] enclosure.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 33
2.4.4.3
Hoppers
Construct hoppers of steel plates not less than 6.4 mm 1/4 inch thick,
having a capacity not less than [_____] kg pounds, and provided with a
suitable method of cleanout. Provide furnace arches of a design suitable
for the intended use and a type that will insure proper combustion of the
fuel. Inclue the lower furnace sidewall headers in a waterwall boiler to
accommodate the inclined grate arrangement. Provide stoker front that
forms the front of the boiler for the full width of the boiler and extends
from the firing floor to some point above the stoker where it connects to
the boiler structural framing. Provide cast-iron or steel plate refractory
lined front with cleanout and access doors of refractory-lined cast-iron
and structural framing as required supporting the stoker and its components
from the boiler foundation or boiler room floor. Discharge the ash at the
end of the grate the ash into a [bunker] [pit] as indicated. Provide dust
tight enclosure for the bunker constructed of steel plates not less than
15.9 mm 5/8 inch thick, protected with firebrick where exposed to the
furnace and fitted with cast-iron, refractory-lined inspection and access
doors, and provisions for ash removal.
2.4.5
Burners
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer must include all the required
data for proper design of the boiler. Delete all
references to coal and stokers where oil is the only
fuel to be utilized.
**************************************************************************
Provide each HTW generator with oil-fired burner or burners with burner
assembly and control systems conforming to NFPA 85, UL 296, and UL 726,
except as otherwise specified, and with supervised manual, semiautomatic,
and fully automatic combustion safety controls conforming to NFPA 85 and
ASME CSD-1.
2.4.6
Fuel Oil Pumping and Heating Sets
Provide a duplex integrated, shop-fabricated oil pumping and heating set,
assuring 100 percent standby with the oil heated by medium temperature
water. Provide two positive displacement oil meters, include with each set
an electric oil heater of sufficient capacity to heat the specified fuel
oil to ignition temperature at low generator load until enough HTW is
generated to operate the high temperature water-to-low temperature water
(LTW) heat exchanger and the LTW-to-oil heater. Control electric heater by
a magnetic starter with a manually-operated ON-OFF switch in series with a
thermostatic control. When oil temperature is raised to proper level and
maintained by the LTW heater, automatically disconnect the electric heater
by the thermostatic control. Provide electric-motor driven fuel pumps with
each pump having the capacity of not less than [_____] L/second gpm at a
discharge pressure of [_____] kPa psig and a suction lift of 3 m 10 feet.
2.5
COMBUSTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Paragraphs describing inapplicable types of
combustion control equipment will be deleted. The
type of combustion control system specified for a
project will depend largely on the boiler capacity,
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 34
the fuel, initial cost, and cost of operation.
Basically, the types should be as follows (the
boiler capacities are expressed inMW Btuh):
Type of Control
Coal
Oil
Positioning
0.879-15 MW 3-50
million Btuh
0.870 - 12 MW3-40
million Btuh
Semimetering
7-21 MW 25-72
million Btuh
7-19 MW25-66
million Btuh
Metering
7 MW 25 million
Btuh and above
7-19 MW 25 million
Btuh and above
Metering with
20 MW 68 million
Oxygen Compensation Btuh and above
20 MW 68 million
Btuh and above
**************************************************************************
Use a single manufacturer for the automatic combustion control equipment
system to be installed for each boiler in accordance with the
manufacturer's recommendations. Locate controllers on the designated
heating plant master control center panel. Provide equipment capable of
operating either pneumatically, electrically, or electronically. Pneumatic
control systems must conform to CAGI B19.1. Install air filter regulator
sets at each control valve and transmitter in the system with the master
air filter regulator set on the control panel being the dual type where one
side can be cleaned and repaired while the other is operating. Protect
exterior control air piping and devices from freezing by use of
regenerative desiccant dryers. Provide each system with a selector switch
or other means of manual control of the firing rate when required. Provide
electrical control devices rated at 115 volts and connected as specified in
Section 26 20 00 INTERIOR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM. Wire operating and limit
controls to interrupt the ungrounded circuit conductor. Conform controls
and instruments to the requirements of ASME CSD-1, NFPA 85, UL 296, and
UL 726, except as otherwise specified. Provide individual control for each
boiler. For multiple boiler installations, provide a means to base load on
individual boilers while on automatic control.
2.5.1
Combustion Controls
Provide [positioning] [semi-metering] [metering] [metering with oxygen
compensation] type combustion controls. Provide a plant master controller
sensitive to temperature transmitter in return water header to provide
anticipatory signals to all generator master controllers with generator
master or submaster controllers reacting to anticipatory signals from plant
master and then adjust firing rate as necessary in response to generator
outlet temperature indication to maintain preset temperature at each
generator outlet. Plus or minus 3 percent is the limit for precision of
pressure or temperature control of the set point of the boiler pressure in
kPa psig, or the temperature in degrees C degrees F during any load swings
of up to 10 percent of the boiler capacity per minute over the entire
turndown range.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
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2.5.2
Stoker Controls
Interlock the combustion control system with the grate drive to balance the
ash discharge with the firing rate. The coal feed flow rate may be used as
the index of fuel feed. Provide stoker controls to as outlined for the
stoker specified.
2.5.3
Positioning Type Combustion Control Equipment
Provide separate parallel type positioning controllers for fuel feed and
air flow, and both are modulated by the boiler load. Provide manual means
for readily adjusting the fuel-to-air ratio for the most efficient
combustion and an adjustable compensating device to maintain the proper
ratio of fuel and air over the entire range of operation to provide
combustion efficiency within the range specified. Provide a furnace draft
controller, when required. Flush-mount all controllers on the control and
instrument panel; all adjustments and calibrations of fuel feed, air flow
and furnace draft, on the front of the panel.
2.5.4
Semi-Metering Type Combustion Control Equipment
Provide two controllers per boiler, one for fuel feed and one for air flow,
with the first of these positioned in proportion to the boiler load to
deliver a proportionate impulse to the second controller which functions in
direct relation to that impulse; the second controller then measuring the
fuel feed or air flow provided and automatically making necessary
adjustments to maintain the fuel-to-air ratio for which it is set over the
entire range of operation. Provide furnace draft or pressure controllers
where required. Flush-mount all controllers on the control and instrument
panel; make all adjustments and calibrations of fuel feed, air flow, and
furnace draft or pressure, at the front of the panel, and provide
indicators to show the amount of adjustment and the results obtained.
2.5.5
Metering Type Combustion Control Equipment
Provide metering controls with adequate means for automatically adjusting
both fuel feed and air flow in strict relation to the load requirements, in
addition to measuring the rates of fuel feed and air flow and maintaining
the required ratios over the full range of boiler operation. In addition
to the master controller, provide separate controllers for fuel feed and
air flow responding either in parallel or series. Include air flow-fuel
flow cross limiting devices. [If required by a particular system, a
separate fuel-to-air ratio controller may be provided.] Measure the actual
rate of fuel flow in the fuel line to the burner, and measure the actual
air flow by a differential orifice in the forced draft duct. Operation of
either controller for both functions is not acceptable. In addition,
provide a separate controller to control the draft or pressure in the
boiler furnace. Flush-mount controllers on the control and instrument
panel; make all adjustments and calibrations of fuel feed, air flow,
fuel-to-air ratio, and furnace draft or pressure, at the front of the panel
and provide indicators to show the degree of adjustment.
2.5.6
Combustion Control with Oxygen Trim
Flue gas oxygen trim may be provided as an adjunct to the metering system
of control. Determine the oxygen content in combustion gases; from this,
send an impulse to the oxygen controller, which readjusts the air flow to
maintain the required oxygen content. Provide the oxygen set point as a
function of generator load with operator biasing capability limiting the
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
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amount of oxygen controller trim to prevent potentially hazardous
conditions created by equipment failure or faulty operation.
2.5.7
HTW Generator Limit Controls
Provide low generator water flow and high generator temperature controls
with the limit controls interlocked with the combustion control system to
provide for generator alarm and shutdown.
2.5.8
Burner Control/Fuel Safety System
2.5.8.1
Design Requirements
Provide a microprocessor-based (distributed digital or programmable
controller) or relay type control system with a dedicated hardwired insert
panel furnished for monitoring and operator interface with the burner
control/fuel safety system with the panel also providing the operator with
direct fuel tripping capability in emergency situations. Subdivide the
burner control system to permit inservice checkout and maintenance without
impairing the reliability of the overall control system. Provide logic
cabinets that include status indicating lights for all logic inputs and
outputs and for monitoring availability of control power to all subsystems
as required to facilitate troubleshooting. Provide indication of equipment
status and system permissives at the operator interfaces. Include, where
common power supplies internal to the system are furnished, a full-capacity
on-line backup supply. Provide alarm for failure of either power supply.
2.5.8.1.1
Maintenance and Reliability Requirements
In general, maintenance is accomplished on-line and without imposing any
special restrictions on overall plant operation. Provide diagnostic
routines, interchangeable electronic cards or boards, and clear written
procedures as a minimum requirement of this specification. For
reliability, incorporate both software and hardware into the system design,
including redundancy, loop distribution, component specifications and
testing, and quality control to assure the highest level of system
reliability.
2.5.8.1.2
Adverse Electrical Conditions
Provide equipment capable of operating as specified and without damage
within the electrical environment of the plant, including, but not
necessarily limited to, high-voltage, high-frequency surges caused by
electro-mechanical equipment, energy coupled between conductors by
capacitance and mutual inductance, and imperfect grounds. Provide input
and output isolation, shielding, separation of circuits, surge suppression,
or other measures which may be required to meet these provisions. Inputs,
outputs, and other connections must meet the surge to withstand
requirements of IEEE C37.90.
2.5.8.2
System Design
Provide a compatible burner control system in all respects with the HTW
generator and auxiliary equipment. The system design must meet the
requirements specified in NFPA 85. Provide a burner control system
incorporating a continuous purge of the furnace to insure that the HTW
Generator is free of any accumulation of combustibles; in addition, provide
a burner control that supervises the operation of the fuel-air equipment
associated with fuel oil burners, accepts operator commands and, if the
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
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required permissives are met, perform the required operation. Provide
continuously monitored equipment and alarm any deviation while the system
either corrects the deviation of shuts down equipment as necessary to avoid
hazardous furnace conditions or equipment damage. Provide a system that
monitors the operation of the fuel equipment and if the equipment fails to
respond to command from the burner control system, initiates the equipment
trip sequence. Provide system indications to allow the operator to
determine the equipment that initiated a trip of fuel equipment, shutting
down the tripped equipment reset of the trip is permitted. Include a fuel
safety subsystem in the burner control system that includes a master fuel
trip (MFT) system, ignition oil trip system, and main fuel oil trip system;
including a hardwired relay in each system which may directly operate from
the operator insert panel. Include inputs to the MFT, in addition to those
associated with the burner control system, those that are required to
provide overall HTW generator protection. Provide a system that interfaces
with the combustion control system to position and monitor devices for
startup and shutdown which are normally modulated during on-line
operation. Design the burner control system to operate reliably,
minimizing the number of false trips.
2.5.8.3
System Functional Requirements
2.5.8.3.1
Operating Modes
It is the operator's responsibility to initiate the start and stop
sequences listed below. Once initiated the burner control system must
automatically place the oil burner in service or remove it from service.
The steps each of which require operator initiation are:
a.
Purge
b.
Igniter control
c.
Feeder control
d.
Main oil burner
2.5.8.3.2
Furnace Purge and Boiler Monitor
Provide a furnace purge control to incorporate prelight off and post purges
of the furnace to insure that the HTW generator is free of any accumulation
of combustibles, which indicates to the operator, after which the operator
will reset the master fuel trip relay. Provide a furnace purge on any
master fuel trip. Provide the HTW generator monitor that prevents starting
any fuel equipment if the furnace firing permissives are not met, with the
furnace purge control providing indications to the operator of the status
and the progress of the furnace purge, extinguishing permissive indications
when the MFT relay is reset.
2.5.8.3.3
Igniter Control
An igniter group consists of all the igniters associated with a main oil
burner. Igniters associated with a burner group will be controlled from a
separate electropneumatic igniter control package. Provide sequential
starting of igniters between burner groups to be started and stopped from
the insert panel and local pushbuttons. An igniter fuel trip (IFT) first
out indication will be provided to indicate the initiating cause of the IFT
and extinguished only when the IFT relay is reset.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
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2.5.8.3.4
Main Oil Burner Control
Starting and stopping of each main oil burner may be accomplished either
locally or from the insert panel. Proven igniter groups is one of the
permissives required for starting. Provide fuel oil trip first out
indications and a main fuel oil trip (FOT) relay.
2.5.8.3.5
Fuel Safety Subsystem
The fuel safety subsystem comprises the MFT system, main FOT system, and
IFT system. Each fuel safety system provides the protection for its
respective fuel and includes a dedicated hardwired relay which may be
directly operated from operator insert panel. The MFT system provides
overall HTW generator protection, also includes a dedicated hardwired
relay, and directly trips all other fuel safety system relays. Design the
system to de-energize to trip.
2.5.8.3.6
Flame Monitoring
Individual self-checking flame scanners are required for each burner.
Igniter flame safety devices must discriminate individually from any flame
that may exist at other burner locations. Discriminate burner flame
individually from the associated igniter flame and any other flame that may
exist in the furnace. Igniter and burner flame discrimination must cover
the range from startup to full load operation. Blocking interlocks from
closed valves in flame discrimination circuits to avoid false flame
indication are not acceptable. If required to obtain satisfactory flame
discrimination, include extended tube scanners. Individual flame detector
output level indicators are required. If required, provide provisions for
cooling and cleaning.
2.5.8.3.7
Enclosures
The system logic cabinets contain all control devices, power supplies,
circuit protective devices, cable plugs, and terminal blocks. Provide
spare space to accommodate a minimum of 20 percent additional devices.
Make the cabinets accessible from both front and back, each having gasketed
hinged doors with latches. Do not exceed door with of 610 mm 24 inches.
Natural draft cooling of the control system cabinets is preferred. If
cabinet cooling fans are furnished, alarm the loss of any fan.
2.5.8.3.8
Local Termination Boxes
Include local junction boxes, one at each burner level containing separate
pushbuttons and indicating lights for local control of each igniter group.
In addition, include terminals for field wiring, internal wiring, cable
connectors for intersystem wiring, circuit breakers, and if required by the
system, relays and reversing starters in the terminal boxes. Configure
terminal boards for field wiring to allow 20 percent spare connections.
2.5.8.3.9
Interconnecting Cable Requirements
Interconnect cables between the logic cabinet, insert panel, and local
burner junction boxes via prefabricated plug-in cables, including
connectors. Also, provide flame scanner cables.
2.5.8.3.10
Buffered Output Signals
Fully isolate output signals required for tripping, control, and monitoring
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
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from each other. Isolate such that an open or short circuit in the related
equipment does not affect other control systems.
2.6
HEATING PLANT PANELS AND INSTRUMENTS
Do not use Mercury in thermometers.
2.6.1
HTW Generator Instrument and Control Panel
Size the HTW generator instrument and control panel to contain all
controls, instruments, gauges, and meters. Provide free-standing panel
with faceplate of not less than 4.8 mm 3/16 inch steel, reinforced, and
finished with the manufacturer's standard finish coating. Mount the units
flush on the panel as far as practicable. Enclose the back of the panel
with sheet metal and with adequate removable access panels or doors for
maintenance and removal of any unit without interfering with other units.
Provide latching equipment and hardware. Indentify each recorder,
indicator, and control unit with engraved metal or laminated plastic
nameplates securely fastened to the panel. Provide the panel with
continuous, rapid-start, fluorescent light fixtures mounted with reflectors
providing suitable shielding to illuminate all controls, instruments,
gauges, and meters. Terminate all field piping connections in one
bulkhead-mounted manifold located to conform with the installation
requirements of the system. Terminal all field electrical wiring in a
mounted color-coded terminal strip so located as to conform with the
installation requirements of the system. If a pneumatic control system is
provided, include duplex air supply filter and regulator set, mounted on
the rear of the panel with properly identified pneumatic terminal blocks
and low-point drain in the panel. No high-pressure lines are allowed to
enter the panel. Provide control equipment with the necessary operating
switches, indicating lights, gauges, alarms, the combustion control system,
and the generator and fuel safety interlock systems. If the package type
boiler burner units with integral controls are furnished, the control
equipment for each boiler may be mounted on a separate free-standing panel
in accordance with the requirements above for instrument and control
panel.
Ppanel-mount and test at the factory controllers and indicators
specified or required, complete with relays, transformers, switches,
wiring, valves, and piping. Color-code or otherwise identify all wiring
and piping within the panel.
2.6.2
Indicators
Provide flush mounted indicators with a vertical scale from 100 to 150 mm 4
to 6 inch length with scales in engineering units with an accuracy of plus
or minus 1 percent of full scale. Indicators may be either electronic or
pneumatic with zero adjustments, receiving standard signals from locally
mounted transmitters.
2.6.3
Recorders
Provide servo mechanism type, multiple pen type, [circular] [strip chart]
type recorders with minimum chart width of 100 mm 4 inches, accuracy of
plus or minus 1/2 percent of full scale, and each pen having a separate
scale calibrated in engineering units. Provide 120 volts ac chart drive
and 1 year's supply of chart paper.
2.6.4
Panel Display
As a minimum, display the following parameters on the panel:
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 40
Indicator
Recorder
Point
Main hot water header
x
x
Boiler drum
x
Feedwater
x
Instrument air
x
Pressure
x
Draft
Windbox
x
Furnace
x
Gas outlet
x
ID fan inlet
x
x
Temperature
Hot water outlet
x
Boiler gas outlet
x
Windbox
x
Feedwater
x
HTW differential temperature
x
HTW zone inlet and outlet (each zone)
x
Level
Bunker or silo
x
Flow
Hot water outlet (including totalizer)
x
Feedwater
x
Air
x
Fuel
x
HTW (each zone)
x
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 41
Indicator
Recorder
Point
Analyzers
Flue gas opacity
x
Flue gas oxygen
x
2.6.5
Hot Water and Feedwater Flow Measurement
Provide square edge, concentric, paddle type, designed for flange taps
orifice plates to measure hot water and feedwater flow to each generator
with nozzles and orifice plates flange-mounted type, made of stainless
steel. Minimum straight pipe runs in accordance with AGA XR0603.
2.6.6
Pressure Gauges
Provide heavy-duty industrial type pressure gauges with phenolic case,
solid front, rear blowout, threaded ring, shatterproof glass, and 13 mm 1/2
inch NPT bottom connection installed for proper operation with stainless
steel Bourdon spring-type having 114 mm 4-1/2 inch dial sizes installed
where it is clearly visible from the operating level, and all requisite
piping and gauge cocks described, or required above. Provide pressure
gauges on high temperature service with pigtail siphons. Provide pump
discharge gauges located on pump discharge lines with pulsation dampeners
or snubbers with gauge ranges selected so that at normal operation the
pointer is at approximately 50 percent of range. Provide gauges for the
following services:
Expansion Tank
Dump Tank
Master Control Center
Circulation Pump Panel
Distribution System Mains
Master Control Panel
Makeup Pumps
Emergency Feed Pump
Water Main
Chemical Feed Pumps
Air Compressors
Fuel Oil Supply Header
Generator Pressure
HTW Water Inlet and
Outlet Duplex
2.6.7
Dial Indicating Thermometers
Provide bimetallic type with stainless steel case and stem, with
thermowells and having a 127.0 mm 5 inch dial and plus or minus 1 percent
accuracy.
2.6.7.1
Expansion Tank and Dump Tank Thermometers
Provide three thermometers on each tank; at the drum centerline, at the top
1/3 point, and at the lower 1/3 point of the drum.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
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2.6.7.2
Inlet and Outlet Gauges of HTW Generators
Provide inlet and outlet gauges of HTW generators as above, as applicable.
2.6.8
2.6.8.1
Remote Reading Temperature Indicators
Pump Thermometers
Provide HTW generator and distribution system circulation pump panel dial
type, liquid filled, surface panel mounting, back-connected thermometers in
150 mm 6 inch turret type phenolic case, with range 35 to 260 degrees C 100
to 500 degrees F, with self-compensating stainless steel 3 m 10 foot long
capillary having a stainless steel separable socket with a 65 mm 2-1/2 inch
extension neck, 150 mm 6 inch bulb length, 19 mm 3/4 inch IPS connection.
2.6.8.2
Pipeline Thermometers
Provide pipeline thermometers similar to above, with 65 mm 2-1/2 inch
extension neck separable sockets, where accessible, and with required
capillary length where not accessible, for direct reading.
2.6.8.3
Flue Gas and Fuel Oil (if Oil-Fired) Thermometers
Provide vertical scale, moving pointer type temperature indicators, in
semiflush mounting dust-tight case, with curved translucent scales,
internally illuminated, with instrument scale graduations, figures, and
range suited for the indicated service, employing a diaphragm measuring
element with linkage actuation of the indication pointer. Provide
gas-filled bulb type thermal sensing element with spirally wound, bronze
armored flexible copper connection tubing to the instrument, and
instrument accuracy of 2 percent of full scale range with a sensitivity of
0.2 percent of full scale range.
2.6.8.4
Separable Sockets
At all points of
temperature bulb
having a screwed
for insertion of
2.6.9
recording, controlling, or integrating instrument
insertion, install a stainless steel separable socket
cover and attachment chain adjacent to a temperature bulb
a test thermometer.
Oxygen Analyzer
If oxygen compensation controls are furnished, provide an oxygen analyzer
to indicate, record, and control the percentage of net excess oxygen in,
and the average temperature of the flue gas leaving, the boiler. Provide a
direct probe type oxygen analyzer utilizing an in situ zirconium sensing
element inserted directly into the process flue gas stream and in direct
contact with the process gases. Provide a sensing element contained within
a protective shield mounted to the ductwork by an adapter plate. Provide
analyzer equipped to allow daily automatic calibration check without
removing the analyzer from the process, where as sample gases may be
injected directly on the sensing element while the analyzer is in the
process. Include any temperature compensation of control required with the
output signal range from 4 to 20 mA dc and representing 0 to 10 percent as
a linear function.
2.6.10
Flue Gas Opacity Monitor
Provide a flue gas monitoring system with continuous measurement,
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
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indication, and recording of smoke opacity from each boiler, and with the
stack units including a light source and a light detecting or receiving
unit mounted in the stack or main breeching, as recommended by the
manufacturer. Provide a control or transmitter unit with electronic
solid-state circuitry and meter or digital type indicator, and provide an
output signal for 0 to 100 percent opacity. In addition, provide the
control unit with calibration and alarm adjustments for compliance with
Federal, State, and local environmental regulations, and a control or
transmitter unit and recorder with a dust-tight metal enclosure. Provide a
purging air system to clean light source lens and light detector lens.
Provide the control unit with adjustable alarm output contacts for various
smoke densities.
2.6.11
Fuel Flow Meter
Provide a volumetric measurement type flow meter incorporating a rotary,
positive displacement piston body with gear train driven generator and
totalizing register, a panel-mounting meter to indicate fuel oil rate of
flow in gallons per minute, and a transmitter output signal of 4 to 20 mA
dc to be used for combustion control, with a bronze with hard-cast bronze
measuring piston. Provide a totally enclosed generator with grease-packed
ball bearings, silver commutator, and brushes. Mount the totalizing
register on top of the generator housing and calibrate in liters U.S.
gallons.
2.6.12
Water Flow Meter
Provide a water flow recorder with totalizer for each generator and a
recorder conforming to the requirements specified for the HTW temperature
recorder except that flow rates are to be recorded in L/sec gpm.
2.6.13
Btu Recorder
Provide a recording totalizer which integrates temperature difference and
water flow to provide the net J Btu output of the generator for each HTW
generator.
2.6.14
Makeup Water Meter
Provide a makeup, positive displacement type water meter in the treated
water line suitable for operation with water at 21 degrees C 70 degrees F
and 450 kPa 65 psig with the complete meter assembly to include meter
isolation valves and a valved bypass and strainer on the inlet side of the
meter, and 254.0 mm 10 inch diameter vertical type dial calibrated in L
gallons having two hands; 380 L 100 gallons indicated on one hand and 7570 L
2000 gallons on the other hand. Provide the hands with a manual reset
device. Provide a totalizing register with all bearings self-lubricating
if submerged. Provide a meter capacity of [_____] L/sec gpm.
2.6.15
Master Control Center
Provide a centrally located master control center to serve as the central
control and recording station for the plant, also serving as a central
point for miscellaneous functions including the various alarm circuits with
their annunciators and audible signals, and the controls for the system.
The units to be installed on the panel are specified under the various
paragraphs of this specification. Install all necessary electric wiring
for instruments, panel lighting, and equipment requiring electrical
connections. Install all necessary transformers, separate relays,
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
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switches, and fuses in a fully enclosed junction box with a safety switch
with fuses serving the 120-volt power supply to the plug-in strip and any
other power supply as required for control circuits. Provide all wire
suitable for boiler room requirements and install according to NFPA 70.
Install and support in place on the rear of the panel and test at the
factory all necessary interconnecting piping, terminal block, valves, and
fittings required for the control equipment.
2.6.15.1
Panel Board
Provide a free-standing master panel board, floor-mounted on a 100 mm 4 inch
concrete curb and provided with vibration isolators between panel and
anchor bolts. Construct the control panel of specially leveled steel sheet
not less than 4.8 mm 3/16 inch thick with adequate structural steel
framework to provide a rigid unit, and with the panel gaskets and other
seals necessary to form a dust-tight enclosure of the controls conforming
to NEMA ICS 1 standards. Identify all controls and instruments using
nameplates. Match the panelboard with the boiler control units and
distribution panel in appearance, unless it is a console type. Provide
each panel with a suitable plug-in strip on the rear of the panel for any
required plug-in electrical connections of the instruments with all
necessary piping or electrical connections and all necessary devices for a
complete operating installation. Provide suitable single strip, rapid
start fluorescent lighting with a panel-mounted toggle switch for a panel
hood, with a single, pull chain, ceiling light receptacle installed in the
interior of the panel enclosure and wired to the common point of electrical
supply.
2.6.15.2
Distribution Zone Valve Controls
Provide a manual valve control for each zone control valve on the master
panel, with instruments to indicate the position of each valve operator.
2.6.15.3
Expansion Tank Water Level Indicator
On the master control panel provide a remote reading, liquid level
indicator type water level indicator, with the indicating scale showing
uniform divisions for all level changes, and requiring no liquids for
calibration other than the expansion drum water, suitable for 2,758 kPa 400
psig operating pressure, and connected and calibrated to show indicated
levels of [_____] mm inches to [_____] mm inches above the outside bottom
of the expansion tank. Locate the primary or transmitting elements at the
liquid level control station, so located and calibrated that the center
point of the indicator shows the normal water level in the tank at [_____]
mm inches above the tank bottom.
2.6.15.4
Annunciator
Provide an annunciator system with a semiflush mounted panel which
indicates and alarms on the following:
a.
Expansion Tank:
Overflow level
Normal level
Combustion cutout level
High pressure
Low pressure
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
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b.
Dump tank:
Overflow level
High pressure
Low pressure
c.
HTW generator (each) - safety shutdown
d.
Fuel (to suit firing system):
Low
Low
Low
Low
e.
fuel oil header pressure
fuel oil storage level
stoker hopper level
coal bunker level
Air:
Low service air pressure
Low instrument air pressure if pneumatic controls are used
f.
Distribution zones (each) - low return pressure
Provide the annunciator with lamp test and acknowledge push buttons, with
the operational sequence as follows:
Condition normal
Light off, horn off
Alarm
Light flashing, horn on
Alarm acknowledged
Light on, horn off
Return to normal
Light off, horn off
Provide the system with devices to actuate the annunciator from the above
sources, unless otherwise specified.
2.6.15.5
Liquid Level Control Stations
Provide liquid level control stations at the expansion tank and dump tank,
and include adequate detection, sensing, and actuating devices to provide
signals for the annunciator system and to control the overflow system. The
levels for carrying out the above functions are as indicated.
2.6.15.5.1
Expansion Tank Overflow Controller
Provide overflow control system from the expansion tank. Provide the
expansion tank that overflows on control signal from the control station
specified above which actuates a motorized normally-closed valve allowing
water to relieve to the dump tank.
2.6.15.5.2
Dump Tank Overflow Controller
Provide an overflow control system from the dump tank with the dump tank
overflowing on a control signal from the controller which actuates a
motorized normally-closed valve allowing water to relieve to the blowdown
tank.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
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2.6.15.6
Distribution Zones Control Station
Provide a control station for distribution zones valve control with one
manual valve control for each zone. Provide the instrument that indicates
the position of the valve operator with remote control and adjustment of
the valve. Provide a motorized gate valve for the controlled valve in the
distribution zone supply line for emergency shutoff and flow modulation,
with the motorization of the valve being such that any partial opening of
the valve may be held positively without drift or consumption of a power
means. Conform the valve body to the requirements for valves specified in
paragraph PIPING.
2.6.15.7
Plant Master Controller
Provide a plant master controller for nitrogen pressurized systems that
reacts in response to temperature transmitter signals from a temperature
sensing element in the return water header and provides the necessary
signals to the HTW generator master controllers with a manual selector
station for selecting either automatic control or manual control and a
means for adjusting the set point return water temperature control.
2.6.15.8
Clock
Provide an electric synchronous motor type clock, except as modified
herein. Provide a surface mounted, suitable for operation on 115-volt, 60
Hz single-phase electric service with a white dial, 380 mm 15 inch size,
easy-to-read black numerals, black hands, red sweep second hand, and
external manual reset knob at bottom of case. Provide a motor gear train
sealed in a permanent oil bath.
2.6.16
Panel Piping and Wiring
Pneumatically or electrically, or both, transmit high-pressure and
high-temperature values to the panel. Transmit pneumatic signal at 0.69 to
104 kPa 3 to 15 psig and include piping connectors to indicators with 6.4 mm
1/4 inch OD copper tubing conforming to ASTM B68/B68M. Transmit flow
signals either pneumatically or electrically to the panel-mounted
receiver. Run copper tubing connections and electric wiring to a terminal
block located on the inside of the panel front near the bottom with wiring
terminated at an identified terminal strip. Provide wiring suitable for
boiler room requirements and install according to NFPA 70.
2.6.17
Pilot Lights
Provide factory-built cabinet with assembled pilot lights, suitable for
flush mounting in cutouts in boiler control panel, complete with extruded
trim, clamps, and sheet metal rear housing, and finished in baked black
enamel. Provide white plastic and engraved in black ink lens with lettering
19 mm 3/4 inch high and black. Provide two 6 watts, 24 volts dc, S-6
incandescent type lamps, supplied with color caps, one red and one green
per pilot light, independently wired lamps per pilot, with black lens
bezels unless otherwise indicated.
2.6.18
Continuous Emissions Monitoring
**************************************************************************
NOTE: A continuous emissions monitoring system
(CEMS) is required by the Clean Air Act Amendment
(CAAA) of 1990 if the fuel utilized is oil or coal
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
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and the heat input is 3 megawatts 1 million BTU/HR
or greater. A CEMS may also be required by state or
local laws. If a CEMS is necessary, review the CAAA
and the relevant state or local law early in the
project to allow time to incorporate the required
CEMS specification and to determine which fine gas
emissions will be included in the required reports.
Before acceptance of the installation, furnish the
Contracting Officer with a written test report which
provides documentation that the CEMS equipment has
passed factory and field certification tests
required by federal, state and local regulations.
The investigation will determine if the reported
values may be calculated or should be direct
measurements. Fill in the data to state what method
of measurement or calculation will be utilized for
the determination of the report variable.
Emerging flue gas flow monitor technologies are
available. The traditional differential pressure
technique specified uses familiar equipment that can
be maintained by plant personnel. This type of
measurement device has reliably satisfied regulatory
requirements. The possible use of other
technologies should include a thorough investigation
of flue gas flow monitor regulatory requirements and
in-house maintenance capabilities.
**************************************************************************
a.
Provide continuous emissions monitoring system (CEMS) equipment as a
system by a single manufacturer, meeting the requirements of applicable
federal regulations, State of [_____] and local regulations, for each
boiler in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations and under the
direct supervision of the CEMS equipment manufacturer.
b.
Include in the reported data [sulfur dioxide (SO2)] [oxides of nitrogen
(NOx)] [carbon dioxide (CO2)] [particulate matter (PM)] and other
information required by federal, state, and local regulations. Base
SO2 reporting on [analyzer measurement] [fuel flow and percent sulfur
calculation] [daily heat input calculation]. Base nitrous oxides,
carbon dioxide and particulate matter reporting on analyzers.
c.
Provide the CEMS equipment with the central processing unit, printer,
hard disk drive, and optical disk drive, with the optical disk drive
functioning as a recorder. Provide the manufacturer's software to
generate the required reports in a format acceptable to the federal,
state and local regulatory agencies. Provide a CRT screen as the
operator interface to the CEMS equipment.
2.7
NITROGEN PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM
Provide a complete system of nitrogen pressurization, including necessary
equipment, parts, pressure vessels, piping, valves, devices, and
accessories allowing proper HTW expansion and contraction, and control of
makeup water with a minimum loss of nitrogen and HTW while maintaining the
system pressures corresponding to the operating range of the combustion
control of 5.5 degrees C 10 degrees F above or below the boiler-outlet
water temperature, without steaming in the system.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 48
2.7.1
Expansion Tank
Provide one expansion tank constructed, hydrostatically tested at the
factory, stamped, and certified in accordance with ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1
for an operating pressure of [_____] kPa psig and temperature of [_____]
degrees C degrees F, with connections and piping inserts adequately
supported structurally as required for the service. Provide a standard
manhole, actuating device for feed water control, alarm devices, gauge
glasses, floats, and controls as required, for the proper functioning of
the expansion tank.
2.7.2
Dump Tank
Provide dump tank, hydrostatically tested at the factory, constructed,
stamped, and certified in accordance with ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1 for an
operating pressure of [_____] kPa psig and [_____] degrees C degrees F,
with connections and piping inserts adequately supported structurally as
required for the service, also with a standard manhole, actuating services
for makeup water control, alarm devices, gauge glasses with shields,
floats, and controls as required, for the proper functioning of the dump
tank.
2.7.3
Expansion Tank and Dump Tank Fittings
Tank fittings conforming to ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1 and including the
following:
a.
Pressure gauge.
b.
Water level gauge.
c.
Level controls.
d.
Thermometer.
e.
Drain valves; hard seat, seatless pattern; rating 400 to 600 pound
class.
f.
Vent valves; Class 600 600 pound steel bar stock, OS&Y.
g.
Safety relief valves conforming to ASME B16.34, and suitable for a HTW
expansion drum at working pressure of [_____] kPa psig, with all
internal parts are of steel or stainless steel with hard facing
allowable.
2.8
2.8.1
BLOWOFF SYSTEM
Sample Cooler
Provide a water-cooled, shell-and-tube type heat exchanger with stainless
steel tubes suitable for cooling the blowoff (before sampling) sample
cooler. Connect the cooler to a header and valved so that the operator can
obtain a sample of properly cooled blowoff from any boiler as desired.
Support the cooler and provide a steel sampling cock with a sampling glass
container suitable for handling the water temperature to be encountered and
a hydrometer or equivalent device suitable for measuring the concentration
of solids in the boiler blowoff and reading in parts per million.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 49
2.8.2
Blowoff Tank
Provide a concrete blowoff tank with bolted manhole cover, cover plate with
disappearing lifts, inlet blowoff connection equipped with mixing nozzle,
vent, overflow and drain connection.
2.9
WASTE HEAT RECOVERY EQUIPMENT
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For the efficiencies specified, waste heat
recovery will be required. Designer must consult
with HTW generator manufacturers to select the most
appropriate unit for the size of HTW generator being
designed.
**************************************************************************
Equip each boiler with [an economizer] [an air preheater], which may be
separate from or integral with the boiler and complete with insulation and
jackets, casings, supports, and access doors, and with provisions for tube
or tube bundle removal and for cleaning.
2.9.1
Economizers
Provide economizers of a type normally provided by the boiler manufacturer
and including [finned tubes] [bare tubes] baffles and headers, and
provisions for cleaning and tube bundle removal, constructed of materials
capable of withstanding the maximum boiler exit gas temperature plus 28
degrees C 50 degrees F. Use tubes conforming to ASME BPVC SEC I. Design
and install as to preclude cold-end corrosion under any load condition,
with economizer tube metal temperature being above the maximum flue gas
dewpoint for the fuel being fired under all load conditions.
2.9.2
Air Preheaters
Provide air preheaters normally provided by the boiler manufacturer and
being the recuperative tube plate or regenerative type constructed of
materials adequate to withstand the corrosion effects of the flue gases
with the overall installation precluding cold-end corrosion of the air
preheater under any load condition. Temperatures of all metals in contact
with flue gas must be above the flue gas maximum dewpoint temperature for
the fuel being fired under all load conditions. Provide air-preheat or
automatic bypass control integrated with the combustion control system.
2.10
DRAFT FANS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Induced draft fan outlet dampers may not be
required in single fan/single boiler installations,
except to eliminate the stack effect during outages.
**************************************************************************
Provide [backward curved blades] [radial tip blades] or axial flow type
centrifugal fans conforming to AMCA 801 [Type I] [Type II] furnished as an
integral part of boiler design. Size each fan for an output volume and
static pressure rating sufficient for pressure losses, excess air
requirements at the burner or grate, leakages, temperature, and elevation
corrections for a dirty boiler with worst ambient conditions, all at full
combustion to meet net rated output at normal firing condition, with fan
sizing including minimum margins of 10 percent volume and 21 percent static
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 50
pressure, plus margins of 5 degrees C 10 degrees F for forced-draft fans and
22 degrees C 40 degrees F for induced-draft fans. Design induced-draft
fans for handling hot flue gas at the maximum outlet temperature adjusted
for surface fouling. [Provide induced-draft fans with outlet dampers.]
Noise levels for fans must not exceed 85 decibels at 914 mm 3 foot station,
with [air cooled] [or] [water-cooled] fan bearings, and backward curved fan
blade type with bearings not requiring water cooling may be of the
self-aligning antifriction type. [Provide scroll sheets and rotor blades
with liners.]
2.10.1
Draft Fan Control
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Variable speed control, inlet vane control
and inlet damper control are, in descending order of
efficiency, capable of control draft fan
conditions. The choice is based on economics.
However, in erosive services, inlet vane control is
not desirable.
**************************************************************************
Provide forced-draft centrifugal fans with [inlet vane controls] [variable
speed control]. Provide induced-draft centrifugal fans with [inlet vane
control] [inlet damper control] [variable speed control] and [axial
propeller fans having variable propeller pitch control.] Provide inlet
vanes or dampers suitable for use with combustion control equipment.
2.10.2
Draft Fan Drives
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
Provide electric motor driven fans with electric motor being [drip-proof]
[totally enclosed nonventilated] [totally enclosed fan-cooled] [totally
enclosed fan-cooled, suitable for installation in a Class II, Division 1,
Group F, hazardous location conforming to NFPA 70]. [Provide magnetic
[across-the-line] [reduced voltage start] type motor starters with
[general-purpose] [weather-resistant] [water-tight] [dust-tight]
[explosion-proof] enclosure and furnished with four auxiliary interlock
contacts.]
2.11
AIR DUCTS
Design air ducts connecting the forced-draft fan units with the stoker
plenum chamber to convey air with a minimum of pressure loss due to
friction. Provide galvanized sheet metal ductwork conforming to , with
ducts straight and smooth on the inside with laps made in direction of air
flow, and externally braced, installed and anchored as to be completely
free from vibration. Provide access and inspection doors as required.
Construct ducts with long radius elbows having a centerline radius 1.5
times the duct width, or where the space does not permit the use of long
radius elbows, short radius or square elbows with factory-fabricated
turning vanes may be used. Provide substantially air-tight duct joints of
adequate strength for the service, with 38 x 38 x 3.2 mm 1-1/2 x 1-1/2 x
1/8 inch structural steel angles used where required for strength or
rigidity. Duct walls thickness as follows:
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 51
Duct, Maximum Dimension
Galvanized Steel Sheet, Minimum
Thickness
Up through 1525 mmUp through 60
inches
1.613 mm16 gauge
1526 m and larger61 inches and
larger
2.753 mm12 gauge
2.12
BREECHING
Construct breeching of not less than 3.416 mm 10 gauge steel sheets
conforming to ASTM A36/A36M and with adequate reinforcement and bracing
with structural steel angles not smaller than 50 x 50 x 6.4 mm 2 x 2 x 1/4
inches, and all welded joints, longitudinal seams and angles. Provide
expansion joints as required to suit the installation, being flexible type
requiring no packing. Providing breeching with angle flanges and gaskets
for connection to boilers, fans, equipment, or stacks. Provide
gas-tightbreeching connections, caulked-tight all around and sealed with
cement to form an air-tight joint. Provide clean-out openings of suitable
size and at approved locations for access to all sections of the breeching
with tight-fitting, hinged, cast-iron doors with cast-iron frames. Plastic
materials polyetherimide (PEI) and polyethersulfone (PES) are forbidden to
be used for vent piping for combustion gases.
2.13
STACKS
Provide self-supporting, double-wall insulated type stacks for individual
boilers. Provide for each stack, unless otherwise indicated, complete with
structural steel base, base plates, anchor bolts and nuts, cleanout door,
[induced-draft fan] [boiler] connection and a thermometer well. Stub
stacks for packaged boiler units may be supported directly on the boiler
providing the boiler structure is designed to accommodate such an
arrangement. Provide insulation suitable for sustained flue gas
temperature of 485 degrees C 900 degrees F with intermittent temperatures
up to 650 degrees C 1200 degrees F and the wall section "U" factor of
approximately 0.26. Fabricate stacks of high-strength, low alloy,
structural steel resistant to atmospheric corrosion and conforming to
ASTM A242/A242M for both inner and outer shell. Provide inner shells of
each section with an air-sealed and concealed expansion and contraction
device to allow for differential expansion of inner and outer shells.
Extend stacks above the roof to the height indicated. Plastic materials
polyetherimide (PEI) and polyethersulfone (PES) are forbidden to be used
for vent piping for combustion gases.
2.14
ELECTRIC MOTOR-DRIVEN PUMPS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
Provide electric motor-driven pumps with motors that are [splash-proof]
[totally enclosed, nonventilated] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled type]
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 52
[totally enclosed, fan-cooled type, suitable for installation in a Class
II, Division 1, Group F hazardous location in accordance with NFPA 70].
Provide [manual] [[magnetic] [across-the-line] [reduced voltage start]]
type motor starter with [general-purpose] [weather-resistant] [water-tight]
[dust-tight] [explosion-proof] enclosure.
2.14.1
HTW Circulating Pumps
Design and size HTW circulating pumps for specific applications. Provide
pumps having a combined rating of flow and head that results in a power
rating less than 185 kW 250 bhp to meet the design requirements of
API Std 610, being end-suction, top discharge, and supported at its
centerline. Provide horizontal-split case, multi-stage centrifugal pumps
for sizes above 185 kW 250 bhp. Provide volute or diffuser design casing
construction, supported at its casing centerline. Provide all pumps
nominally rated for excess capacity of 10 percent above the maximum
continuous rating of the service. Provide the required Net Positive
Suction Head (NPSH) at the pump design flow, head, and speed not exceeding
80 percent of the available system NPSH at the same flow, assuming a low
level in the storage tank. Provide the pump's suction specific speed not
to exceed 9000 at the pump's best efficiency point (BEP) reflecting a
guaranteed NPSH requirement of 3 percent breakdown criteria. Select a pump
based on a constantly rising to shutoff with no point of inflection, and
with no restriction to operation at any point from minimum continuous flow
to design flow.
2.14.1.1
Suction and Discharge Flanges
Provide pumps with integrally cast suction and discharge flanges drilled to
meet the design pressure of the application. Provide feed pumps designed
for an operating temperature of not less than 205 degrees C 400 degree F,
with casings drilled, tapped, and provided with vent and drain
connections. Pumps designed for this service do not require cooling at
ratings below 375 kW 500 bhp for both frame cooling and seal cooling. For
pumps below 375 kW 500 bhp, provide antifriction radial and thrust
bearings, lubricated by flinger rings in a sealed housing with mechanical
seals, and with air-cooled flush piping conforming to API Std 610, Plan
23. For pumps above 375 kW 500 bhp, provide a single cooling circuit for
both cooling the oil being delivered by a forced oil system to sleeve
radial bearings and a floating shoe thrust bearing, coupled with the seal
coolers for both stuffing boxes and mechanical seals. In both cases,
provide site-convertible stuffing to a packed box. Provide for maximum
leakage no more than 0.025 L/hour 25 cc/hr for a seal life of no less than
25,000 hours, and bearing rating not less than 100,000 hours (L-10 life) at
the point of maximum load, as defined by ABMA 9.
2.14.1.2
Structural Steel Bases
Support pumps on structural steel bases that do not require grouting in
order to impart strength to the pump for static and dynamic loading from
the piping system, with bases pitched to a low point drain. Shop align
complete pump and motor assembly using shims on both the pump and the motor.
2.14.1.3
Pump Coupling and Guard
Provide pumps with nonlubricated flexible-disc couplings and a coupling
guard. Provide spacer-type couplings to permit removal of the mechanical
seals and limited-end-float-type for pumps with sleeve bearings.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 53
2.14.1.4
Recirculation Control Valve
Provide pumps with a self-contained automatic recirculation control valve
sized for nominally 25 percent of the pump's BEP flow.
2.14.1.5
Pump Testing
Subject pumps to shop hydrostatic testing. Subject one pump in each
service to complete shop performance tests to demonstrate that, at rated
capacity, head is within a margin of plus 3 percent and minus 0 percent of
design; efficiency is within a tolerance of minus 0 percent; NPSH at the
pump's BEP and at the rated condition is within a margin of plus 0 percent
and minus 10 percent. Conduct performance tests in accordance with
API Std 610. Procedures and results are subject to the approval of the
Contracting Officer.
2.14.1.6
Instrument Panel
Provide each HTW circulation pump with an instrument panel, with
construction and arrangement of the gauge panel as indicated. Provide
nameplates having letters 6 mm 1/4 inch high designating the pump number
and service. Provide surface panel mounted gauges. Provide the
instruments specified above and include one single-element pressure gauge
for the pump suction, one duplex pressure gauge with two elements to
indicate flow pressure on each side of the pump discharge regulating valve,
and one dial type thermometer to indicate the discharge temperature.
Provide identification letterings located either on the gauge dial or on a
nameplate adjacent to the gauge identifying the service of the gauge, with
a stainless steel socket with cover for a separable socket-type test
thermometer installed in the pump discharge piping at each circulation pump
for future insertion of a test thermometer. PProvide pressure gauges with
a gauge valve and a pigtail siphon as specified installed at the point of
connection with the main piping. Provide pulsation dampeners or snubbers
for pressure gauges connected to the pump discharge.
2.14.2
Emergency Makeup Water Pump
Provide centrifugal type emergency makeup water pump; split case, 2 stage
type with closed impellers and radial or mixed flow. Design the pump to
handle high temperature water at 122 degrees C 250 degrees F, specific
gravity of 0.942, pH of 9.5 to 10.5, and the capacity and head indicated.
2.14.3
Makeup Water Pumps
**************************************************************************
NOTE: If inadequate NPSH is available, give
consideration to substituting either a double
suction or positive displacement pump.
**************************************************************************
Provide horizontal, end-suction, single-stage, centrifugal, motor-driven
makeup water pumps. Provide pumps having stainless steel shafts, bronze
impellers, and stuffing boxes. Lubricate by splash oil with oil level
sight glass provided. Subject pumps to the same tests specified for the
HTW circulating pumps.
2.14.4
LTW Circulation Pump
Provide centrifugal type, end suction, single stage type with closed, open,
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 54
or semi-open impellers, radial or mixed flow, designed to handle low
temperature water at 110 degrees C 225 degrees F, and the capacity and head
indicated.
2.15
LTW EXPANSION TANK
Provide LTW expansion tank in connection with the LTW water heater
constructed in accordance with ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1 and with a protected
gauge glass and manual air vent. Hydrostitically test the tank at 1-1/2
times the working pressure or at 690 kPa 100 psig, whichever is greater.
2.16
2.16.1
HEAT EXCHANGERS
Water Heaters
Provide water heaters of the types scheduled and with thermostatic control
valves, valved bypasses, strainers, and temperature/pressure relief
valves. Provide thermometers where indicted, and temperature and pressure
relief valves conforming to the requirements of ANSI Z21.22/CSA 4.4.
Provide separate valves if input exceeds 29.3 kW 100,000 BTU/H or storage
capacity exceeds 454 L 120 gallons. Provide thermostatic control valves
installed in the HTW return line from each water heater coil, installed to
operate in conjunction with a remote bulb temperature controller, and
conforming to the requirements of paragraph THERMOSTATIC REGULATING VALVE.
Provide flanged valves, minimum Class 300 300 pound class, and sized for
the service by the manufacturer. Provide shell-and-tube design
instantaneous water heaters conforming to the applicable requirements of
TEMA Stds, Class C with the heater shell being steel and designed for
[_____] kPa psi and [_____] degrees C degrees F temperature, and U-tube
type coil designed for high temperature water at [_____] kPa psi pressure.
Provide 16 mm 5/8 inch or 19 mm 3/4 inch size, constructed of No. 16 AWG
cupronickel (90 percent/10 percent) coil tubing.
2.16.2
LTW Heat Exchanger for Fuel Oil Heating
Provide instantaneous shell-and-tube type heater conforming to the
applicable requirements of TEMA Stds, Class C, with a steel shell and
designed for [_____] kPa psi pressure and [_____] degrees C degrees F
temperature. Provide with U-tube type coil designed for HTW at [_____] kPa
psi pressure, constructed of No. 16 AWG 16 mm 5/8 inch or 19 mm 3/4 inch
cupronickel (90 percent - 10 percent) tubing.
2.17
2.17.1
CHEMICAL TREATMENT AND WATER SOFTENING EQUIPMENT
Chemical Feeder
Provide an automatic proportioning, shot type, or pump type chemical feeder
unit for each boiler, including all appurtenances necessary for
satisfactory operation, with size and capacity of feeder based on local
requirements and water analysis.
2.17.2
Chemical Feed Pumps and Tanks
Provide chemical feed pumps with pump cylinders, plungers, ball check
valves, and check valve bodies of corrosion resistant materials suitable
for the chemicals being pumped and tanks as a complete package assembly
with the pumps mounted on and piping connected to the tank. Volumetric
accuracy of the pumps must be within one percent over the range indicated.
Provide with adjustable pump capacities by positioning crank pin with
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 55
micrometer setscrews. Provide stroke length scale divided in percentage
graduations engraved on scale. Provide replaceable cylinders for increased
or reduced pressure or capacity ranges. Provide drive motors suitable for
the electrical power available and having drip-proof enclosures. Provide
tanks made of polypropylene and mounted on legs with filling and drain
connections, gauge glass and hinged cover. Provide each tank with one
pump, mounted and piped with black iron pipe and fittings, with suction
strainer and stainless steel screen, and with 13 mm 1/2 inch relief valve
with steel body and stainless steel trim. Provide tank with bottom dished
concave to a radius equal to the diameter of the tank. Provide tanks
suitable for phosphate or caustic feed and sulfite feeding. provide a
motor-driven agitator. Design the pump to feed the chemical solutions into
the HTW return line to the system circulating pumps and have the capacity
to feed a maximum of 5.3 mL/sec 5 gph.
2.17.3
Water Softening Equipment
**************************************************************************
NOTE: If softening equipment for makeup water is
not required, as determined in accordance with UFC
3-410-01, entire paragraph should be deleted. If
water softening equipment is required, list desired
water treatment conditions; e.g., pH level,
hardness, chemical concentrations.
**************************************************************************
Provide a [single] [double] unit automatic water softener system as
indicated, designed for a working pressure of [_____] Pa psig, complete
with raw and regenerate water distribution; under drain; inlet and outlet
connection in upper and lower header respectively; resin removal connecting
pipe legs; control valve for service, backwash, regenerate, and rinse;
water meters, pressure gauges, brine storage, and measuring tank and
controls for automatic operation. Provide either hot-dipped galvanized
after fabrication or polypropylene brine tank[s], brine piping either all
copper pipe and fittings or Schedule 80 PVC and fittings. Provide
equipment having a total capacity between regenerations of not less than
[_____] liters gallons of water of [_____] g grains hardness when operating
at a sustained softening rate of [_____] L/sec gpm, and based on the data
below. Provide test sets for pH comparator for the range [_____] to
[_____] sulfide comparator, and phosphate comparator.
2.17.3.1
Water Analysis
The source of the raw water is [_____].
approximately as follows:
The analysis of the water is
Constituents*
Sodium as (Na)
[_____] ppm
Silica as (SiO(2))
[_____] ppm
Calcium as (Ca)
[_____] ppm
Magnesium as (Mg)
[_____] ppm
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 56
Constituents*
Iron and aluminum oxides as
(Fe(2)O(3)), (Al(2)O(3))
[_____] ppm
Bicarbonates as (HCO(3))
[_____] ppm
Bicarbonates as (HCO(3))
[_____] ppm
Hydroxides as (OH)
[_____] ppm
Sulphates as (SO(4))
[_____] ppm
Chlorides as (Cl)
[_____] ppm
Phosphates as (PO(4))
[_____] ppm
Carbon dioxide (free CO(2))
[_____] ppm
Total hardness as (CaCO(3))
[_____] ppm
Total solids in solution
[_____] ppm
Volatile and organic matter
[_____] ppm
Suspended matter
[_____] ppm
Free acid
[_____] ppm
Color
[_____]
pH
[_____]
*Numbers in parentheses are subscripts.
2.17.3.2
Zeolite
Provide high capacity polystyrene base sulphonic synthetic type zeolite,
with not less than [_____] cubic meters cubic feet of zeolite with each
reactor tank.
2.17.3.3
Reactor Tank
Provide reactor tank sized on allowing a freeboard above the zeolite bed of
not less than 50 percent of the zeolite bed depth, and a maximum flow rate
of 0.679 L/square meter per second one gallon/square foot per minute for
each 111 mm 4-3/8 inches of zeolite bed depth.
2.17.3.4
Softening System
Provide the softening system complete with all piping, control, and power
wiring, and a complete initial charge of rock salt installed in the brine
tank as recommended by the softener manufacturer.
2.17.3.5
Water Test Kit
Provide a water test kit in a strong carrying case, complete with test
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 57
containers, reagents, and instructions for testing the raw and effluent
water.
2.17.3.6
Treated Water Storage Tank
Provide a treated water storage tank as indicated, having a capacity of not
less than [_____] liters gallons, fabricated from steel plates not less than
4.76 mm 0.1875 inch thick for shell and heads, constructed in accordance
with ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1 for a design working pressure of 520 kPa 75 psig,
with dished or concave heads to a radius equal to the diameter of the tank,
and hydrostatically tested at the factory at not less than 690 kPa 100 psig.
Provide the tank with the connections indicated, an 200 mm 8 inch copper
ball float, lever-operated control valve, valve bypass and accessories, and
a protected gauge glass.
2.18
2.18.1
HTW SPECIALTIES
Sediment Trap and Blender
Provide a hydrostatically tested sediment trap constructed, stamped, and
certified in accordance with ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1 for an operating
pressure of [_____] Pa psig and [_____] degrees C degrees F, with the
receiver sized for maximum plant flow condition of [_____] L/second gpm and
maximum flow velocity of 150 mm/second 0.5 fps. Flange and dish receiver
heads and flange all tank nozzles 50 mm 2 inches and larger Class 300 300
pound class. Provide an inspection handhole.
2.18.2
Line Mixer
Fabricate the line mixer as indicated using seamless steel welding pipe
fittings with the area of holes drilled in the HTW injector pipe equal or
exceed 1.5 times the cross-sectional area of the injector pipe.
2.18.3
Liquid Level Control Column
Provide the column fabricated as indicated of seamless steel pipe and
standard welding fittings, using forged steel pipe weldolets for gauge
glass piping connections and float switch connections.
2.19
AIR COMPRESSORS
Provide the air compressor units conforming to ASME PTC 10, with compressor
speeds not to exceed 900 rpm and motor speed not to exceed 1750 rpm, except
as specified otherwise.
2.19.1
Service Air Compressors
Provide the service air requirements as indicated with receivers sized as
indicated. Provide units suitable for heavy-duty service (soot blowing),
with simplex type compressors, single-stage, double-acting, with
water-jacketed cylinder; fitted with intake and discharge valves of the
lightweight feather, disc or plate type; and provided with all necessary
controls, water-cooled aftercooler, moisture separator, drive, receiver,
relief valves, and cooling water controls as indicated or required.
Provide the compressor air intake with a low drop type air suction
filter/silencer suitable for outdoor installation. Provide shell-and-tube
type after cooler designed for air flow through the tubes with steel shell
internal baffle plates and Admiralty metal tubes expanded into Muntz metal
tube sheets. Provide moisture separator with an automatic water discharge
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 58
trap and level gauge. Provide vertical type air receiver constructed in
accordance with ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1 and equipped with flanged inlet and
outlet connections, valved drain connection, 150 mm 6 inch dial pressure
gauge, pop safety valves, and regulator connections. Provide cooling water
controls for regulating compressor cylinder water temperature and after
cooler water temperature of the thermostatic valve type and being installed
with a three-valve bypass in the water outlet lines ahead of open sight
drain funnels. Equip the compressor with adjustable, pressure type
unloader controls suitable for continuous compressor operation.
2.19.2
Instrument Air Compressors
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer should determine if two
redundant full size instrument air compressors will
be required as loss of air will cause unit shutdown
unless other provisions are made, such as crossties
to the soot blower/service air system. Delete
paragraph if not required.
**************************************************************************
Provide an electric motor-driven oil-free automatic air compressor unit and
a refrigerating drying unit, with he air compressor capable of delivering
at a pressure of [_____] kPa psig not less than 0.00472 cubic meter/sec 10
scfm dry air at an atmospheric dew point of -18 degrees C 10 degrees F with
entering air at 35 degrees C 95 degrees F, saturated, and the air
compressor unit sized to run not more than 60 percent of the time when all
controls are in service. Provide the air compressor unit complete with all
necessary accessories including automatic pressure control equipment,
relief valves, check valves, air filters, moisture traps, and a receiver
with ample capacity for emergency operation of the controls for 15 minutes
after compressor shutdown. Provide a vertical constructed receiver in
accordance with ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1, with relief valve and drain
fittings. Provide a self-contained, refrigerated type air dryer, complete
with refrigeration compressor, heat exchanger, automatic controls, and
moisture removal trap or a regenerative desiccant type dryer, as required.
Provide a hermetically-sealed type refrigeration unit capable of continuous
operation at maximum load conditions.
2.20
PIPING
Unless otherwise specified herein, provide pipe and fittings conforming to
the requirements of ASME B31.1.
2.20.1
Pipe
Pipe material as specified in TABLE I, except fuel oil pipe material must
comply with Section 33 56 10 FACTORY-FABRICATED FUEL STORAGE TANKS.
2.20.2
Fittings
Pipe fittings as specified in TABLE II, except fuel oil fittings must
comply with Section 33 56 10 FACTORY-FABRICATED FUEL STORAGE TANKS.
2.20.3
Nipples
Nipples conforming to ASTM A733, Type I or II, as required to match
adjacent piping.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 59
2.20.4
Unions
Unions conforming to ASME B16.39, type as required to match adjacent piping.
2.20.5
Pipe Threads
Pipe threads conforming to ASME B1.20.2MASME B1.20.1, right- or left-hand
tapered thread as required.
2.20.6
Pipe Expansion
2.20.6.1
Expansion Joints
Design expansion joints for a HTW working pressure not less than [_____] kPa
psig and in accordance with applicable requirements of ASME B31.1 and
EJMA Stds. Provide flanges for end connections. [Provide service outlets
where indicated or required.] Provide Type II joints suitable for
repacking under full line pressure.
2.20.6.2
Flexible Ball Joints
Construct flexible ball joints of [stainless steel] [carbon steel] or other
alloys as appropriate for the service intended, complete with flanged
joints or welded end as required and capable of absorbing the normal
operating axial, lateral, or angular movements or combination thereof.
Design and construct the ball-type joint in accordance with ASME B31.1 and
ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1 where applicable. Conform flanges to the diameter
and drilling of ASME B16.5. Provide molded gaskets suitable for the
service intended.
2.20.7
Valves
Install valves at all indicated locations, where specified, and where
required for proper functioning and servicing of the system. Provide
motor-operated valves capable of closing speeds of 2.5 to 5.1 mm/sec 6 to
12 inches/minute, with motor operators equipped with position indicators,
valve stem protectors above the motor operating units, and auxiliary
handwheels for manual operation of the valves in the event of power
failure, and motors suitable for operation on the electric current
characteristics indicated.
2.20.7.1
Check Valves
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer will indicate the type of
valves, vertical lift or horizontal, on the drawings.
**************************************************************************
a.
b.
Valves for Class 125 125 pound class steel piping conforming to the
following:
(1)
Sizes 65 mm 2-1/2 inches and less, bronze:
4, Class 125.
MSS SP-80, Type 3 or
(2)
Sizes 80 mm 3 inches through 600 mm 24 inches, cast-iron:
MSS SP-71, Type III or IV, Class 125.
Valves for Class 150 150 poundclass steel piping conforming to the
following:
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 60
c.
(1)
Sizes 65 mm 2-1/2 inches and less, bronze:
minimum.
MSS SP-80, Class 150
(2)
Sizes 80 mm 3 inches through 600 mm 24 inches, steel:
Class 150 minimum, flanged ends, swing disc.
ASME B16.34,
Valves for Class 300 300 pound class steel piping conforming to the
following:
(1)
Sizes 65 mm 2-1/2 inches and less, bronze:
minimum.
(2)
Sizes 80 mm 3 inches through 600 mm 24 inches, steel:
Class 300 minimum flanged ends, swing disc.
2.20.7.2
MSS SP-80, Class 300
ASME B16.34,
Gate Valves
Unless otherwise indicated or specified, gate valves used as shutoff valves
at main headers and elsewhere, as indicated, provide chain-operated type
with sufficient chain for easy operation from the operating floor or
walkway for gate valves 200 mm 8 inches and larger provide a globe valve
bypass. Provide wedge disc type gate valves with outside screw and yoke
and bonnet bushings. Provide valve bodies with straight-through ports
without recesses except between seats to assure minimum turbulence,
erosion, and resistance to flow. Provide motor-operated gate valves
installed in the HTW supply and return mains, where indicated, to isolate
the distribution zones from the plant in case of a line break. Provide
valves that close by a pressure switch operated by return main water
pressure with Bourdon tube, actuated mercury switch type pressure switch
and with an adjustable operating range of 345 to 2413 kPa 50 to 350 psi.
Provide a three-position selector switch for automatic or manual operation
of the valve position.
a.
b.
c.
Valves for Class 125 125 pound class steel piping conforming to the
following:
(1)
Sizes 65 mm 2-1/2 inches and less, bronze:
2, Class 125.
MSS SP-80, Type 1 or
(2)
Sizes 80 mm 3 inches through 1200 mm 48 inches, cast-iron:
MSS SP-70, Type I, Class 125, Design OT or OF (OS&Y), bronze trim.
Valves for Class 150 150 pound class steel piping conforming to the
following:
(1)
Sizes 65 mm 2-1/2 inches and less, bronze:
2, Class 150 minimum.
MSS SP-80, Type 1 or
(2)
Sizes 80 mm 3 inches through 610 mm 24 inches, steel:
Class 150 minimum, flanged ends.
ASME B16.34,
Valves for Class 300 300 pound class steel piping conforming to the
following:
(1)
(2)
Sizes 65 mm 2-1/2 inches and less, bronze:
2, Class 300 minimum.
MSS SP-80, Type 1 or
Sizes 80 mm 3 inches through 610 mm 24 inches, steel:
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 61
ASME B16.34,
Class 300 minimum, flanged ends.
2.20.7.3
Globe Valves and Angle Valves
Provide globe type valves having outside screw and yoke with bolted
bonnets, stainless steel trim, and flat seats, and large and deep boxes,
but not the reversed cup type. Install valves with the stem horizontal or
above. Provide a distribution system bypass motor-operated globe-valved
piping connection between the supply and return mains, where required,
installed to ensure uninterrupted water flow to the HTW generator in case
of low return pressure. While in operation, valve must modulate to the
open position on low return main pressure signal. Provide a three position
selector switch for automatic or manual selection of valve position.
Install for each distribution zone, a manually-operated handwheel or
chainwheel globe valve in each high temperature return main to control the
flow and the resultant differential temperature drop through each system.
a.
b.
c.
Valves for Class 125 125 pound class steel piping conforming to the
following:
(1)
Sizes 65 mm 2-1/2 inches and less, bronze:
or 3, Class 125.
MSS SP-80, Type 1, 2,
(2)
Sizes 80 mm 3 inches through 300 mm 12 inches, cast-iron:
MSS SP-85, Type III and Type IV, Class 125.
Valves for Class 150 150 pound class steel piping conforming to the
following:
(1)
Sizes 65 mm 2-1/2 inches and less, bronze:
or 3, Class 150 minimum.
MSS SP-80, Type 1, 2,
(2)
Sizes 80 mm 3 inches through 610 mm 24 inches, steel:
Class 150 minimum, flanged ends.
ASME B16.34,
Valves for Class 300 300 pound class steel piping conforming to the
following:
(1)
Sizes 65 mm 2-1/2 inches and less, bronze:
or 3, Class 300 minimum.
(2)
Sizes 80 mm 3 inches through 610 mm 24 inches, steel:
Class 300 minimum, flanged ends.
2.20.7.4
2.20.7.4.1
MSS SP-80, Type 1, 2,
ASME B16.34,
Thermostatic Regulating Valve
Cooling Water Control Valves
Install a thermostatically-operated flow control valve in the cooling
water piping from each HTW circulating pump, each air compressor, and each
aftercooler to control the flow of the cooling water automatically, to
prevent the waste of water, and provide proper operating temperature for
the bearings. Provide a valve matching the piping size to which it is
connected, suitable for operation on 1,034 kPa 150 psi water pressure, with
threaded ends, and direct-acting to open on temperature increase. Provide
the valve body to have a 3.2 mm 1/8 inch hole drilled through the wall
separating the inlet and outlet ports so that water circulation is not
completely shut off. Provide the valve with a nonmetallic disc and means
for preventing the water from coming in contact with the range spring and
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 62
sliding parts, with a manual adjustment of the setting of 29 to 51 degrees C
85 to 125 degrees F and factory set for 38 degrees C 100 degrees F.
Provide a temperature bulb for closed tank immersion with 13 mm 1/2 inch
NPT connector.
2.20.7.4.2
Makeup Water Heater Control Valve
Install a temperature controller in the high temperature return water line
from the feedwater heater coil. Provide a motor-operated valve and operate
in conjunction with the remote bulb temperature controller, with both valve
and controller the reverse-acting type failing in the closed position.
Provide the normal operating range fully open at 79 degrees C 175 degrees F
and fully closed at 100 degrees C 210 degrees F feedwater temperature with
the controller modulating the flow between these points. Provide a valve
with a cast steel body, stainless steel trim, and lubricated deep-type
stuffing box with packing suitable for the conditions, and with the valve
disc top-and-bottom guided of the equal percentage type. Provide a single
seated valve for tight closing, [_____] mm inch body size, flanged, passing
[_____] kg/sec pounds/hour of HTW at a maximum pressure drop of 15 m 50 foot
head.
2.20.7.4.3
LTW Heater Control Valve
Install a thermostatic control valve to operate in conjunction with a
remote bulb temperature controller with the valve operating range of 93 to
110 degrees C 200 to 225 degrees F and with valve modulating the flow of
HTW to maintain LTW between these temperatures. Provide valve with a cast
steel body with stainless steel trim, and lubricated deep-type stuffing box
with packing suitable for the temperature and pressure conditions and be
single-seated, [_____] body size, to pass [_____] kg/sec pounds/hour of HTW
at a maximum pressure drop of 15 m 50 foot head. Provide the temperature
bulb for pipeline insertion with 19 mm 3/4 inch NPT connector with all
necessary appurtenances including bypass valve and combination
temperature-pressure relief valve
2.20.7.4.4
Domestic Water Heater Control Valve
Install a thermostatic control valve to operate in conjunction with a
remote bulb temperature controller with the valve operating range of 38 to
70 degrees C 100 to 160 degrees F, adjustable and modulating the flow of
HTW to the heater between these temperatures. Provide valve with a cast
steel body with stainless steel trim and lubricated deep-type stuffing box
with packing suitable for the temperature and pressure conditions, and be
single-seated, [_____] body to pass [_____] kg/sec pounds/hour of HTW at a
maximum pressure drop of 15 m 50 foot head. Provide temperature bulb for
pipeline insertion with 19 mm 3/4 inch NPT connector with all necessary
appurtenances including bypass valve, strainer, and combination
temperature-pressure relief valve.
2.20.8
Back Pressure Relief Valves
Provide back pressure relief valves with steel bodies and equipped with
corrosion resistant trim and valve seats, which are guided and provide
positive closing so that no leakage can result, with adjustment of the
desired back pressure covering the range between 13 to 70 kPa 2 to 10 psig.
Provide external adjustment with adjustable stuffing boxes having renewable
packing for any shafts extending through the valve body.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 63
2.20.9
Exhaust Heads
Provide exhaust heads for the discharge of flash steam to atmosphere,
constructed of one-piece steel plate, semisteel, or cast-iron with suitable
baffle arrangement for the removal of entrained condensate and oil, and
with drain connection, and with flow area through unit being larger than
connecting pipe.
2.20.10
Strainers
Provide strainer body connections of the same size as the pipelines in
which the connections are installed. Provide heavy and durable cast steel
strainer bodies that have arrows clearly cast on the sides to indicate the
direction of flow. Equip each strainer with an easily removable cover and
sediment basket, with the basket not less than 0.063 mm 0.0025 inch thick
stainless steel, with enough small perforations to provide a net free area
through the basket of at least 3.30 times that of the entering pipe, and
with the flow into the basket and out through the perforations.
2.20.11
Pipe Hangers, Inserts, and Supports
Pipe hangers, inserts, and supports conforming to MSS SP-58, except as
modified herein.
2.20.11.1
Types 5, 12, and 26
Do not use Types 5, 12, and 26.
2.20.11.2
Type 3
Do not use Type 3 on insulated pipe which has a vapor barrier. Type 3 may
be used on insulated pipe that does not have a vapor barrier if clamped
directly to the pipe and if the clamp bottom does not extend through the
insulation and the top clamp attachment does not contact the insulation
during pipe movement.
2.20.11.3
Type 18
Secure Type 18 inserts to concrete forms before concrete is placed.
Continuous inserts which allow more adjustment may be used if they
otherwise meet the requirements for Type 18 inserts.
2.20.11.4
Types 19 and 23
Torque Types 19 and 23 C-clamps in accordance with MSS SP-69 and have both
locknuts and retaining devices furnished by the manufacturer.
Field-fabricated C-clamp bodies or retaining devices are not acceptable.
2.20.11.5
Type 20
Provide Type 20 attachments used on angles and channels with an added
malleable-iron heel plate or adapter.
2.20.11.6
Type 24
Type 24 may be used only on trapeze hanger systems or on fabricated frames.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 64
2.20.11.7
Type 39 Saddle or Type 40 Shield
Where Type 39 saddle or Type 40 shield is permitted for a particular pipe
attachment application, use the Type 39 saddle on all pipe 100 mm 4 inches
and larger.
2.20.11.8
Horizontal Pipe Supports
Space horizontal pipe supports as specified in MSS SP-69 and install a
support not over 300 mm 1 foot from the pipe fitting joint at each changes
in direction of the piping. Do not space pipe support over 1.5 m 5 feet
apart at valves. In the support of multiple pipe runs on a common base
member, use a clip or clamp where each pipe crosses the base support
member. For spacing of the base support members, do not exceed the hanger
and support spacing required for any of the individual pipes in the
multiple pipe run. Rigidly connect the clips or clamps to the common base
member. Provide a clearance of 3 mm 1/8 inch between the pipe and clip or
clamp for all piping which may be subjected to thermal expansion.
2.20.11.9
Vertical Pipe Supports
Support vertical pipe at each floor, except at slab-on-grade, and at
intervals of not more than 4.5 m 15 feet not more than 2.4 m 8 feet from
end of risers, and at vent terminations.
2.20.11.10
Type 35 Guides with Slides
Provide Type 35 guides of steel, reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
or graphite slides, where required, to allow longitudinal pipe movement.
Provide lateral restraints as required. Use slide materials suitable for
the system operating temperatures, atmospheric conditions, and bearing
loads encountered.
a.
Where steel slides do not require provisions for restraint of lateral
movement, an alternate guide method may be used. On piping 100 mm 4
inches and larger, a Type 39 saddle may be welded to the pipe and
freely rest on a steel plate. On piping under 100 mm 4 inches, a Type
40 protection shield may be attached to the pipe or insulation and
freely rest on a steel slide plate.
b.
Where there are high system temperatures and welding to piping is not
desirable, then include a pipe cradle with , welded to the guide
structure and strapped securely to the pipe. Separate the pipe from
the slide material by at least 100 mm 4 inches, or by an amount
adequate for the insulation, whichever is greater.
2.20.11.11
Pipe Hangers on Horizontal Insulated Pipes
Size pipe hangers on horizontal insulated pipes, except Type 3, based on
the outside diameter of the insulation.
2.20.11.12
Piping in Trenches
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Detail of piping supported in trenches will
be shown on the drawings.
**************************************************************************
Support piping in trenches as indicated.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 65
2.21
INSULATION
Shop and field applied insulation as specified in Section 23 07 00 THERMAL
INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS.
2.22
TOOLS
Furnish special tools and all uncommon tools necessary for the operation
and maintenance of boilers, stokers, pumps, fans, controls, meters, special
piping systems, and other equipment. Provide a cabinet for small hand
tools, mounted where directed.
2.22.1
Smoke Pipe Cleaner
Provide jointed handle cleaner of sufficient length to clean breeching and
smoke connections without dismantling.
2.22.2
Firing Tools
Provide firing tools including hoe, poker, and slice bar for each boiler.
2.22.3
Wrenches and Gaskets
Provide wrenches as required for opening boiler manholes, handholes, and
cleanouts. Also provide one set of extra gaskets, packaged and identified,
for boiler manholes and handholes, for pump barrels, and other similar
items of equipment.
2.23
2.23.1
FUEL OIL TANKS
Fuel-Oil Storage Tanks
Provide in accordance with Section 33 56 10 FACTORY-FABRICATED FUEL STORAGE
TANKS.
2.23.2
Hot-Water Coil
Provide coil constructed of 25 mm 1 inch seamless steel tubing in each tank
for No. 6 fuel oil and install around the suction end of the oil line.
Provide coil in each tank with the capacity to heat from [_____] to [_____]
degrees C degrees F the maximum demand of all oil burners connected to the
tank when supplied at 115 degrees C 240 degrees F. Provide heater with
automatic temperature-control valve, with strainer and three-valve by-pass
in heated water supply line, and with check valve and cutoff valve in
return line. Provide an additional manhole located above the heater for
removal of the heater as a unit.
2.23.3
Tank Accessories
Provide accessories in compliance with Section 33 56 10 FACTORY-FABRICATED
FUEL STORAGE TANKS.
2.24
2.24.1
COAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
Screw Conveyor
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 66
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
provide screw conveyor for the lateral distribution of coal, consisting of
steel screw conveyor with capacity of not less than [_____] cubic meters/sec
cubic feet/hour when handling coal of the specified maximum lump size.
Base the maximum capacity of the conveyor on the screws carrying not more
than 30 percent of their cross section (except feeder conveyors), and the
maximum speed of conveyor at 60 rpm. Assemble conveyor and housing in
sections, with the sectional flights mounted on steel pipe and connected by
coupling shafts. A feeder conveyor may be installed to assume the proper
distribution of the load. Mount both the feeder screw and the extended
screw flights on the same pipe. Provide conveyor with sectional supporting
hanger bearings of the babbitted type. Do not exceed 3.6 m 12 feet
conveyor length between bearings. Provide trough ends fabricated of
cast-iron type with feet and fitted with babbitted bearings, with the drive
located at the discharge end of the conveyor, and consisting of an
electric gear motor and chain drive. Provide the chain drive from the
motor to the reducer enclosed in an oil-tight casing. Absorb the thrust in
either direction by the thrust bearings. The motor may be mounted on top
of the trough. Provide a dust-proof trough conveyor housing of not less
than 4.8 mm 3/16 inch steel with a 1.897 mm (14 gauge) 14 gauge steel
cover. Provide discharge spout and coal gate as indicated. Also provide
an approved type of supporting saddle. Space supports at not more than 3 m
10 foot intervals. Provide [totally enclosed, nonventilated] [totally
enclosed, fan-cooled type suitable for installation in a Class II, Division
1, Group F hazardous location in conformance with NFPA 70] motor
enclosure. [Provide [manual] [[magnetic] [across-the-line] [reduced
voltage start]] type motor starter with [weather-resistant] [dust-tight]
[explosion-proof] enclosure.] Provide dust controlling covers and inlet
and discharge enclosures for each conveyor.
2.24.2
Belt Conveyor
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
Provide belt trough type conveyor, as indicated, with the belt conveyor on
a maximum incline not exceeding 15 degrees. Provide conveyor support frame
of sufficient rigidity to maintain belt alignment, at least 75 mm 3 inches
clearance to prevent damage to the edge of the belt on its return run, and
adjustments for aligning shafts. Provide decking placed on top of the
stringers to protect the return belt from coal sifting and to provide
lateral stiffness. Provide idlers as a rigid framework that maintains
permanent alignment of well-balanced, smooth-running, easy turning idler
rolls in accordance with CEMA Belt Book. Pressure lubricate ball or roller
bearings. Provide 20-degree or 35-degree three-roll type idlers spaced on
1200 mm 4 foot centers, except under loading points and skirts. Space
return idlers on 3 m 10 foot centers. Provide Grade 2 belting with
field-vulcanized splices as defined in RMA Conveyor and Elevator Belt
Technical Information. Design pulleys in accordance with CEMA B105.1,
constructed of heavy welded steel, true to diameter and accurately bored,
key seated and tightly fitted to the shafts. Provide pulley face width for
belts 1.1 m 42 inches wide and smaller, that are 150 m 500 feet or more in
length, to belt width plus 100 mm 4 inches; less than 150 m 500 feet in
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 67
length, to belt width plus 75 mm 3 inches. Pulley face width for belts
1200 mm 48 inches and larger must be belt width plus 150 mm 6 inches.
Provide drive pulleys with 19 mm 3/4 inch thick vulcanized and grooved
lagging. Provide snub pulleys with 9.5 mm 3/8 inch vulcanized smooth
lagging. Support all conveyor pulley shaft assemblies by two heavy-duty
antifriction bearings having a minimum life expectancy of 50,000 hours for
90 percent of bearings in accordance with ABMA 11 for roller bearings. The
pulley diameter must be sufficiently large to meet the requirements of the
duck weight and ply of the belt to permit flexing of the belt around the
pulley circumference without damaging the belt or shortening the belt
life. Drive the conveyor by a [totally enclosed, nonventilated type]
[totally enclosed, fan-cooled type] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled type
suitable for installation in Class II, Division 1, Group F hazardous
location in conformance with NFPA 70] electric motor connected to a
drive-shaft-mounted speed reducer unit by a [roller chain drive] [V-belt
drive] [flexible coupling]. [Provide [manual] [[magnetic]
[across-the-line] [reduced voltage start]] type motor starter with
[general-purpose] [weather-resistant] [water-tight] [dust-tight]
[explosion-proof] enclosure.] Provide belt conveyors with belt
misalignment switches, emergency stop pull cords and pull switches,
galvanized expanded metal shields over tail pulley, zero speed switches,
loading skirts, plugged chute switches, walkways, supports, belt takeups,
belt cleaners, skirt boards, and pulley scrapers. Provide dust controlling
covers and inlet and discharge enclosures for each conveyor.
2.24.3
Flight Conveyor
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
Provide [scraper] [shoe-suspended] flight conveyor arranged generally as
indicated and of the single-strand type having capacity not less than
[_____] metric tons/hour tons/hour when handling coal with approximate
weight of 800 kg/cubic meter 50 pcf and with maximum lump size of [_____] mm
inches diameter. Base the capacity on a maximum speed of 508 mm/sec 100
fpm with conveyor operating up a [_____] degree incline. Provide
drop-forged steel type chain with flights made of either steel or
malleable-iron, spaced at least three times the largest lump size. Protect
foot shaft screw takeup with adjustment of not less than 300 mm 12 inches.
Make trough of 4.8 mm 3/16 inch steel plate, minimum. Line all sliding
surfaces in contact with the chain or flights with 19 mm 3/4 inch thick,
removable, ultra high molecular weight polyethylene liners. Provide each
side of trough with a warning sign, visible on each floor level and at
frequent intervals; "DANGER - DO NOT WELD - FLAMMABLE PLASTIC LINER."
Provide conveyor with discharge openings as indicated, each of which
provided with rack-and-pinion-operated gates with handwheels. Provide
motor to drive conveyor through a speed reduction unit which is either
direct-connected or roller-chain-connected to the drive shaft. Provide
[totally enclosed, nonventilated type motor] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled
type motor] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled type motor suitable for
installation in a Class II, Division 1, Group F hazardous location in
accordance with NFPA 70]. [Provide [manual] [[magnetic] [across-the-line]
[reduced voltage start]] motor starter type with [general-purpose]
[weather-resistant] [water-tight] [dust-tight] [explosion-proof]
enclosure.] Construct conveyor frame essentially as indicated, with
additional bracing as required for rigidity, and with dust controlling
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 68
covers and inlet and discharge enclosures.
2.24.4
Bucket Elevators
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
Provide dust tight vertical bucket elevators complete with continuous chain
and attached buckets, upper and lower sprockets, gears, shafts, bearings,
casing with flanged connections including top hood and discharge spout,
bottom boot, access doors, electric motor drive, and all accessories.
Provide [vertical spaced centrifugal discharge] [positive discharge]
[continuous bucket type] bucket elevators with capacity of not less than
[_____] metric tons/hour tons/hour when handling coal weighing approximately
800 kg/cubic meter 50 pcf, and with linear velocity as indicated below:
Type of Bucket Elevator
Linear Velocity (meters per second)
(feet per minute)
Centrifugal discharge
1.1-1.6225-305
Continuous bucket
0.51-0.69100-135
Positive discharge
0.61 120 Max
Construct the head shaft and foot shaft of cold-rolled steel with the shaft
diameters in accordance with manufacturer's standards, and with both shafts
mounted in roller bearings with forced-type lubricating fittings. Provide
screw takeup with adjustment of not less than 229 mm 9 inches for the foot
shaft. Install an automatic backstop on the head shaft to prevent any
backward motion of the chain. Provide boot plates [, loading legs of
continuous bucket elevator,] and bottom plate of stub discharge chute a
minimum of 4.8 mm 3/16 inch thick steel, and other flat casing members a
minimum of 2.657 mm (12 gauge) 12 gauge thick steel. Provide corner
angles and stiffeners to make the elevator self-supporting. In addition,
tie the elevator to the adjoining structure at close enough spacing to
increase the rigidity of the elevator. Provide the boot section with
clean-out doors, as well as front and back removable panels. Also provide
an inspection door in the intermediate section at operating level large
enough to remove a bucket from either run of the chain. Drive the elevator
by an electric motor installed in a housing at the top of the flight.
Provide [totally enclosed, nonventilated motors] [totally enclosed,
fan-cooled type motors] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled type motors suitable
for installation in a Class II, Division 1, Group F hazardous location in
accordance with NFPA 70]. [Provide [manual] [[magnetic] [across-the-line]
[reduced voltage start]] type motor starter with [general-purpose] [weather
resistant] [water-tight] [dust-tight] [explosion-proof] enclosure.]
Install a platform and a compliant safety access ladder adjacent to the
motor for servicing the motor and equipment mounted in the hood. Locate
controls for the operation of the elevator as indicated. Provide dust
control covers and inlet and discharge enclosures for each conveyor.
2.24.5
Vibrating Conveyor
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 69
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
Provide electric-motor driven, mechanical vibrating type vibrating conveyor
with a capacity of [_____] metric tons/hour tons/hour when handling coal
weighing approximately 800 kg/cubic meters 50 pcf, with maximum lump size
of [_____] mm inches in diameter, and with conveying length as indicated.
Fabricate the conveyor trough of [_____] mm gauge steel, [_____] mm inches
in width and [_____] mm inches deep [and provided with dust-tight cover].
Provide conveyor pans of 9.5 mm 3/8 inch thick, Type 304L solid stainless
steel plate. Mount the trough on vibrator bars, torsion bars, or coil
springs attached to yoker legs of rigid cross brace construction and
fabricated of corrosion-resistant material with hardened steel encased
rubber bushings at articulation points. Fabricate the base of steel
channels or angles bolted directly to [building support] [concrete
foundations]. Drive through an eccentric shaft supported by a double row
of self-aligning ball-or roller-bearing pillow blocks. Impart positive
action motion to the trough by a cast steel connecting rod attached to the
trough by rubber-bushed wristpin and securely locked by taper lock
bushings. Provide [totally enclosed, nonventilated type] [totally
enclosed, fan-cooled type suitable for installation in Class II, Division
1, Group F hazardous location in accordance with NFPA 70] electric motor
connected to the eccentric shaft by V-belt drive. [Provide [manual]
[[magnetic] [across-the-line] [reduced voltage start]] type motor starter
with [general-purpose] [weather-resistant] [water-tight] [dust-tight]
[explosion-proof] enclosure.]
2.24.6
Gravimetric Weigh Feeder
Provide metering belt type weigh feeder device designed to operate at a
variable rate ranging from 10 percent of maximum capacity to [_____] metric
tons/hour tons/hour with an automatic flow rate. Provide a
silicon-controlled, rectifier dc drive to automatically adjust the belt
speed to maintain the rate of material flow, as set on the controller. The
weight feeders conforming to or exceeding the requirements of NIST HB 44,
[Southern] [Eastern] [Western] Weighing and Inspection Bureau. Provide the
weigh feeders with an accuracy of 1/2 of 1 percent of flow rates over their
total variable rated capacity. Provide the feeder with a flexible boot for
connecting the gate to the feeder inlet chute which, in turn, is flared to
produce a feed opening tapering from [_____] wide to [_____] wide with the
direction of flow of material. The belts for feeders conforming to the
RMA IP-1, fire-resistant type conforming to the standards of 30 CFR 1
Schedule 28, Part 34 of the MSHA. Provide top belt cover thickness of 6 mm
1/4 inch with bottom cover 3 mm 1/8 inch thick. Provide belt edges with a
minimum 25 mm 1 inch flanges and sealed by carrying the cover around the
carcass edges during manufacture. Provide cover and skim coat material
comparable to those meeting the requirements of RMA IP-1, Grade 2 for
impact and abrasion resistance. Provide the weight sensor constructed of
heavy-duty, industrial, electronic force transducer flexure-mounted to the
force collection system. Provide remote indicating meter and a six-digit
totalizing counter located, installed, and connected in the boiler control
panel. Provide unit frame of rigid support for the material load, belt,
and idlers. Shop assemble the unit complete with drive and all
appurtenances, being dust-tight in operation.
2.24.7
Track Hoppers
Provide standard double hopper design with a belt or vibrating-type feeder
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 70
as indicated, having a capacity of approximately [_____] metric tons tons
and constructed of not less than 9.5 mm 3/8 inch thick, Type 304L stainless
steel plates, with slopes of not less than 55 degrees and stiffened with
angles. The hoppers may also be of ASTM A36/A36M mild steel, minimum 6 mm
1/4 inch thick with replaceable liners 6 mm 1/4 inch thick, ASTM A167, Type
304L, stainless steel. Provide flat heads on all rivets and field bolts
inside the hopper. Suspend the hopper from the track girders by heavy
bolts and cast washers, or carry the sides to the bottom of the track and
support by flanges fastened to concrete ledge continuously around the
hopper with the concrete forming the top portion of hopper sides. Provide
track girders consisting of wide flange beams conforming to AREMA Eng Man
for loading plus impact, complete with bearing plates, WF cross struts, and
rail clips. Fit the top of hopper with sections of grating made with steel
bars sized [_____] by [_____] mm inches, and cross rods [_____] mm inches
in diameter, to form openings [_____] mm inches square.
2.24.7.1
Rack-and-Pinion Gate
Provide a self-cleaning type rack-and-pinion gate at each hopper outlet.
Provide [hand] [motor]-operated sliding plate of 9.5 mm 3/8 inch thick
carbon steel, formed into the shape of a winged U with the gate plate
surface completely protected by an overlapping liner of 3 mm 1/8 inch
thick, ASTM A167, Type 304L stainless steel. Use 4.8 mm 3/16 inch thick
ASTM A167, Type 304L stainless steel where in contact with coal flow for
gate body material, except for the dust cover.
2.24.7.2
Vibrating or Belt Feeders
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
provide vibrating or belt feeders of manufacturer's standard design for the
service required. Provide [totally enclosed, nonventilated] [totally
enclosed, fan-cooled type] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled type suitable for
installation in a Class II, Division 1, Group F hazardous location in
accordance with NFPA 70] motor. [Provide [manual] [[magnetic]
[across-the-line] [reduced voltage start]] type motor starters with
[weather-resistant] [dust-tight] [explosion-proof] enclosure.]
2.24.8
Truck Hoppers
Provide standard double hopper design with a belt or vibrating type feeder
as indicated having the capacity of approximately [_____] metric tons tons
and constructed of 9.5 mm 3/8 inch thick Type 304L stainless steel plates,
minimum, with slopes of at least 55 degrees, and stiffened with 6.4 mm 1/4
inch angles, minimum. The hopper may also be of ASTM A36/A36M mild steel,
minimum 6.4 mm 1/4 inch thick with replaceable liners 6.4 mm 1/4 inch
thick, ASTM A167, Type 304L stainless steel. Use flat head type rivets and
field bolts inside the hopper. Support the hopper by a flange fastened to
the concrete ledge continuously around the hopper, with the concrete
forming the top portion of hopper sides. Fit the top of hopper with
section of bar grating made with [_____] by [_____] mm inch mild steel bars
and [_____] mm inch diameter cross rods to form openings [_____] mm inches
square. Provide a supporting beam not less than [_____] mm inches deep,
[_____] kg/meter pounds/foot, in a wide flange member, under the grating.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 71
2.24.8.1
Rack-and-Pinion Gate
Provide a self-cleaning type rack-and-pinion gate at each hopper outlet.
Provide a [hand] [motor]-operated sliding plate of 9.5 mm 3/8 inch thick
carbon steel, formed into the shape of a winged U with the gate plate
surface completely protected by an overlapping liner of 3.2 mm 1/8 inch
thick, ASTM A167, Type 304L stainless steel. Provide the gate body
material, except for the dust cover, of 4.8 mm 3/16 inch thick ASTM A167,
Type 304L stainless steel where in contact with coal flow.
2.24.8.2
Vibrating or Belt Feeders
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
Provide vibrating or belt feeders complete with control of manufacturer's
standard design for the service required. Provide [totally enclosed,
nonventilated] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled
type, suitable for installation in a Class II, Division 1, Group F
hazardous location in accordance with NFPA 70] motors. [Provide [manual]
[[magnetic] [across-the-line] [reduced voltage start]] type motor starter
with [weather-resistant] [dust-tight] [explosion-proof] enclosure.]
2.24.9
Vibrator
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
Provide electromagnetic type vibrator with variable power control that
produces mechanical pulsating motion, with the net weight of the vibrator
[_____] kg pounds and power input [_____] watts, [_____] amperes at
[_____] volts ac, and provide 3600 vibrations per minute or 7200
vibrations for heavy duty applications. Provide semi noiseless vibrator
with mounting plates for welding to hoppers as indicated, each complete
with an eye bolt for attaching a safety chain. Provide vibrator electric
control suitable for separate wall mounting complete with an electronic
valve for changing alternating current to mechanical pulsating waves and a
dial switch or rheostat to vary the power of vibration. Provide vibrators
with Division I, Class II, Group F rating in the areas where coal dust is
present, in accordance with NFPA 70.
2.24.10
Car Heaters
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer will determine if electrical
facilities are sufficient to provide the power
requirements of electric car heaters or if gas-fired
heaters must be used. The designer will determine
if the location and climatic conditions will require
sidecar panels or undercar heaters, or a combination
of both types of heaters.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 72
2.24.10.1
Gas-Fired Heaters
Provide infrared radiant type gas-fired heaters located between rails and
along the walls of the shed with heater input capacity of approximately 90
kW 300,000 Btuh. Provide perforated, heavy-gauge stainless steel cover for
the heater, that is not affected by water or coal falling from the car,
with windproof burner pilot, main gas solenoid valve, safety switch to
interrupt gas supply to burner if pilot is not burning, furnished with
manual cutoff valves and pressure regulator, with electric blower for
furnishing combustion air to the burner, and with all other controls and
accessories as recommended by the heater manufacturer for a complete
installation, in compliance with ANSI Z83.19/CSA 2.35 and UL 795.
2.24.10.2
Electric Infrared Radiant Heaters
Provide electric infrared radiant heaters as weatherproof car thawing
equipment, with radiating surfaces of alloy tubing enclosing electrically
insulated conductors, designed for hazardous area locations. Provide
equipment in modular lengths suitable for both 45 and 90 metric tons 50 and
100 ton capacity cars and designed for not requiring [manual] [automatic]
disconnection of units during thawing operations. Provide heaters for
sidecar or undercar heating banks, or both, capable of operating as
independent units designed for maintaining a balanced three-phase
distribution system with heating conductor units, including factory
assembled connections for attachment to water-tight terminal boxes,
supported on corrosion-resistant metal framing and having rust-resistant
steel reflectors with an approved coating. Provide heaters connections
wired using NEMA 4 enclosures, in accordance with NEMA ICS 1, suitable for
cleaning by hosing down with water.
2.24.11
Coal Spouts, Chutes, Inlet Boxes, and Outlet Hoppers
Construct coal spouts, chutes, inlet boxes, and outlet hoppers of
ASTM A36/A36M steel members not lighter than 3.416 mm (10 gauge) 10 gauge,
adequately reinforced and braced with angle frames, and with all joints
dust tight. Slope as steep as possible, but not less than 55 degrees off
horizontal. Provide stainless steel or ultra-high molecular weight
polyethylene (UHMWP) liners. If UHMWP liners are used, provide each side
of chute at each floor level with a warning sign "DANGER - DO NOT WELD FLAMMABLE PLASTIC LINER." Provide impact liners. Provide access openings
and inspection openings with cover plates as indicated and required.
[Provide silo frames constructed of heavy channel frames the full size of
the silo opening and with concealed steam pipe and coil around opening.]
[Provide outlet hoppers with rack-and-pinion type gates and lined with
austenitic stainless steel [_____] mm inches thick, conforming to ASTM A167,
Type 304L]. Use rack-and-pinion type gates for track hoppers.
2.24.12
Car Spotter
Provide electric-motor driven car spotter having a capstan mounted
vertically on a rigid housing that completely encloses the gears, including
helical gears and worm gear; fabricate the helical gears of high grade
steel accurately finished and splash-lubricated, and fabricate the worm
gear of bronze. Mount all of the mechanism on a steel base rigidly welded
to maintain alignment. Provide the unit coupled to, and driven by, a
separate, [_____] W hp, totally enclosed, nonventilated, hoist-type motor
with a full-load speed of 1720 rpm. Provide roller-chain flexible type
coupling enclosed in a revolving casing and protected by a heavy steel
guard. Provide a unit with a starting pull of 23 kN 5000 pounds, a running
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 73
pull of 11 kN 2500 pounds, and an average rope speed not in excess of 230
mm/sec 45 fpm, complete with [_____] m feet of [32 mm 1-1/4 inch diameter
manila rope with a breaking strength of 60 kN 13,500 pounds, minimum,] [19
mm 3/4 inch diameter marline-covered standard steel wire rope with a
breaking strength of 170 kN 37,600 pounds, minimum,] and a steel car
pulling hook with an allowable rope pull of 45 kN 10,000 pounds, so
fabricated as to be readily attachable to, and removable from, the car
frames.
2.24.13
Coal Bunkers
Provide suspension coal bunkers of size and capacity indicated, constructed
of ASTM A36/A36M steel plate, reinforced and braced as required, and
installed dust-tight, of a design optimized for coal flow, not susceptible
to rat-holing or hangups. Provide cylindrical or silo type bunkers to
reduce stagnation for each boiler, each with conical discharge hoppers and
slopes not less than 70 degrees, with the outlet cone manufactured of, or
lined with, ASTM A167, Type 304L stainless steel. Provide rack and pinion
type coal shutoff valves, self-cleaning, and dust tight for bunkers. Use
corrosion resistant steel for valve materials exposed to flowing coal.
Provide an emergency diverter for emptying the bunker.
2.24.14
2.24.14.1
Coal Storage Silos
Silo Walls
Silo walls may be slip-formed, cast-in-place reinforced concrete, precast
concrete, or other approved construction materials. use concrete having a
28-day compressive strength in accordance with Section 03 30 00.00 10
CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE. Provide silo roof of reinforced concrete complete
with 600 mm 24 inch square, weatherproof, hinged access door, and handrail
and steel toe-board all around roof of the silo. Provide live storage
shelf for the silo of reinforced concrete sloped not less than 60 degrees
from horizontal and supported by steel beams corbelled from the inside
walls of the silo. Provide live storage outlet hopper to chute and feeders
constructed of not lighter than 9.5 mm 3/8 inch steel with a silo reserve
storage floor constructed of reinforced concrete, sloped not less than 60
degrees and laid on well-tamped fill material. Provide reclaim outlet
hopper to the chute feeding the flight feeder constructed of of not lighter
than 9.5 mm 3/8 inch steel.
2.24.14.2
Concrete Stave Silo
Finish the interior finish with a three-coat concrete parget, consisting of
a brush coat, scratch coat, and a finish trowel coat applied, one after the
other, to produce a smooth monolithic finish. Work the parget into the
vertical and horizontal grooves to permanently interlock the concrete
staves.
2.24.14.3
Exteriors of Stave And Concrete Silos
Cover the exteriors of stave and concrete silos with a brush coat of gray
cement applied over all hoops, lugs, and staves to produce a homogeneous
finish.
2.24.14.4
High- and Low-Level Switch
Mount a normal high-level and emergency high-level control switch at the
top of the silo to shut off the feeding system when the silo is full of
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 74
coal. Provide a low-level switch at the low level of the silo's live
storage shelf, as indicated, to signal by light that coal is at a low level
in the live storage compartment and also provide switches near the bottom
of the silo, as indicated, to signal by light that coal is at a low level
in the reserve storage compartment. provide switches for Class II,
Division 1, Group F hazardous location in accordance with NFPA 70.
2.24.15
Coal Crusher
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
Select the appropriate type of crusher, based on the
throughput requirements and an economic analysis.
**************************************************************************
Provide [roll crusher] [hammermill] coal crusher for maximum lump size of
[_____] mm inches with a minimum capacity of [_____] metric tons/hour
tons/hour when handling average size bituminous coal. Provide a heavy-duty
cast or welded heavy steel plate housing with the interior of the housing
fitted with replaceable liners, constructed of abrasion resistant steel.
Provide replaceable breaker plate, grates, rolling rings, swing hammers,
and other parts of the unit subject to excessive wearing. Fit the crusher
with provisions to trap and reject hard foreign objects without damaging
the crusher. Provide shafts constructed of forged, heat-treated alloy
steel with bearings mounted in dust-tight housings. Provide [totally
enclosed, nonventilated type] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled type] [totally
enclosed, fan-cooled type suitable for installation in a Class II, Division
1, Group F hazardous location in accordance with NFPA 70] motor. [Provide
[manual] [[magnetic] [across-the-line] [reduced voltage start]] type motor
starter with [general-purpose] [weather-resistant] [water-tight]
[dust-tight] [explosion-proof] enclosure.]
2.24.16
Vibrating Feeders
Provide [electro-magnetic] [electro-mechanical] [single input (Brute
Force)] type vibrating feeders with a capacity of 0 to [_____] metric
tons/hour tons/hour when handling coal weighing approximately 800 kg/cubic
meter 50 pcf and with maximum lump size of [_____] mm inches in diameter,
and fitted with replaceable feeder pans and skirts [6.4] [9.5] [12.7] mm
[1/4] [3/8] [1/2] inch thick, Type 304 solid stainless steel plate without
liners. Fabricate the feeder pan to [_____] mm inches in width, [_____] mm
inches in length, and [_____] mm inches deep. Provide dust control covers
of 3.416 mm (No. 10 gauge) No. 10 gauge thick steel for each unit. Provide
[two] [four] rectangular poke holes ([one] [two] each side) with 6.4 mm 1/4
inch thick Type 304L stainless steel sliding covers. Fabricate all feeder
parts coming in contact with coal of, or lined with, Type 304 stainless
steel. All feeders must automatically compensate for material headloads
and weight effect to maintain a constant feed and must not damper out when
operating under full silos or bins. Do not exceed 10 degrees slope on
pan. Provide the vibratory feeders with [foot] [suspension] mounted
supports. Provide suspended feeders with safety cables with their drives
located [above] [below] trough. Provide [totally enclosed, nonventilated
type motors] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled type motors suitable for
installation in Class II, Division I, Group F hazardous location in
accordance with NFPA 70].
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 75
2.24.17
Tripper
Provide the tripper of steel construction, motor propelled, automatically
reversible, or manually controlled; equipped with antifriction bearings
throughout, rolled or forged steel wheels, hand-operated rail clamps for
optional operation in a fixed location, scraper, and crossover walk with
handrail and with the traversing speed not exceeding 127 mm/second 25 fpm,
and include a motor brake. Provide the chute one way toward the center of
the silo sloping at not less than 55 degrees. Provide a plow type seal
with all necessary components for installation to suit the bunker/silo
slot. Provide the tripper with [_____] W hp motor, all reversing and end
travel limit switches, cable reel, and 14 No. 12 AWG conductor cable (13
slip rings) and supports for the starter,with two push-button stations
mounted, one on each side of the tripper. Provide both stations with
forward-reverse and tripper stop-run push buttons. Provide the conveyor
frame with a ladder type cable tray to contain the cable from the reel.
Mount reversing switches on the tripper and actuate by track dogs to permit
reversal of the tripper over each extreme silo. Mount limit switches on
the tripper to operate immediately beyond both extreme limits of tripper
reversal. Provide a plugged chute switch. Provide all tripper controls,
including limit switches and reversing switches, in explosion-proof
enclosures approved for Class II, Division 1, Group F service, in
accordance with NFPA 70. Include pulley assemblies, shafts, bearings,
carrying and return idlers, tripper framing and supports.
2.24.18
Trackmobile
Provide trackmobile with a [_____] liter cubic inch industrial gasoline
engine for moving/switching [_____] rail cars on the track and hauling
carts and other portable vehicles while traveling on its road wheels.
Design the trackmobile to ride on [_____] mm inch gauge track with heat
treated, cast steel, rail wheels keyed on tapered axles, and solidly
mounted suspension system. Provide heavy duty, [_____] ply, [_____] by
[_____] tires, roller-bearing mounted road wheels, with retractable
suspension. Provide heavy-duty, cast steel coupler, remotely controlled
from cab. Do not exceed maximum speed on rail of (km/hour) (mph) low
[_____], high [_____]; on road, low [_____], high [_____]. The trackmobile
must be able to operate on a maximum grade of [_____] percent and minimum
curve of [_____] foot radius and be equipped with [air brakes]
[self-energizing drum and shoe type, hydraulic service], cab heater and
defroster, sanders, [electric horn] [air horn] strobe light, front and rear
lights, back-up alarm, [enclosed cab] [open cab] with windshield wipers
[,radio remote control,] and power steering.
2.24.19
En-Masse Chain Conveyors
These conveyors move materials horizontally and/or vertically, with
multiple discharge points and in a dust-tight and completely enclosed
unit. Provide conveyors at length indicated but do not exceed 75 m 250 feet,
and capacity of [_____] metric tons/hour tons/hour when handling coal with
approximate weight of 800 kg/cubic meter 50 pcf and with maximum lump size
of [_____] mm inches diameter. Base the maximum capacity on a chain speed
not to exceed 800 mm/sec 160 fpm. provide a drop-forged, case hardened,
steel alloy of the single-strand type chain with flights welded to the
chain links, or integral chain and flights type, with link hardness at
500-600 BHN. Provide a dust tight conveyor casing of 6.4 mm 1/4 inch thick
ASTM A242/A242M high strength, low alloy steel with 3.416 mm (No. 10 gauge)
No. 10 gauge cover of the same material. Provide the casing with T-1
steel (ASTM A514/A514M, Type B) removable liners, with liners being 19 mm
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 76
3/4 inch thick on the bottom, and 13 mm 1/2 inch thick on the sides, 19 mm
3/4 inch T-1 steel wear bars provided for the empty run of the conveyor.
Attach liners and wear bars to the casing using countersunk stainless steel
bolts with stainless steel nuts and washers. Provide heat treated,
induction hardened to a minimum depth of 6.4 mm 1/4 inchdrive sprocket with
heat treated drive shaft designed and sized based on ANSI/AGMA 6113
ANSI/AGMA 6013 requirements. Provide spherical double roller bearings with
a dust seal where the drive shaft ends go through the casing. Provide the
conveyor with inlet and outlet spouts, inspection doors giving access to
the drive sprocket, cleaner and wear surfaces, with chain tension
controlled by a screw take-up. Provide each discharge opening with
rack-and-pinion-operated gates with [handwheels] [motor operated] [air
operated]. Drive conveyor through a speed reduction motor unit which is
either direct-connected or roller-chain-connected to the drive shaft with
motor being [totally enclosed, nonventilated type] [totally enclosed,
fan-cooled type] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled] type suitable for
installation in a Class II, Division 1, Group F Hazardous location in
accordance with NFPA 70. [Provide [manual] [[magnetic] [across-the-line]
[reduced voltage start]] type motor starter with [general-purpose]
[weather-resistant] [water-tight] [dust-tight] [explosion-proof]
enclosure.] Construct conveyor frame as indicated, with supports and
additional bracing as required for rigidity.
2.25
ASH HANDLING SYSTEM
2.25.1
Boiler Room Ash Handling System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: When specifying boilers with capacity of 4.1
MW 14 million Btuh or less per boiler, paragraph Ash
Hopper and subsequent paragraphs will be deleted,
except applicable portions of paragraph Ash Silo
through paragraph Rotary, Dustless Unloader will be
retained.
**************************************************************************
Provide dry pneumatic type ash handling system in stoker fired boilers,
which gathers ash from the boiler forward ash discharge grate hopper and
from [economizer] [air preheater] ash discharge hopper and other filtration
systems and discharges to the ash storage silo located outside of the
building. Coordinate the entire system to fit the equipment supplied.
Include ash dust control conditioners to reduce fugitive dust emissions
during discharge of ash from the storage silo.
2.25.1.1
Ash Hopper
Construct the ash removal hopper for each boiler of 6.4 mm 1/4 inch thick
steel plate, minimum, with suitable external structural steel supports for
connection to boiler ash hopper and necessary internal anchors for holding
refractory lining in place, with refractory lining 225 mm 9 inches thick on
vertical walls and 150 mm 6 inches thick on feed plates. Provide each
hopper with a sliding ash gate and dach boiler sliding gate unit with an
access compartment to allow gathering and cooling of ash. provide a
cast-iron grate along with a manually-operated air-tight inlet valve for
feeding ash into the pneumatic gathering line. Provide a hinged, steel
access gate at each compartment. Provide spring loaded air intakes at the
end of each header. Base the structural integrity of the hopper on the ash
weight of 1120 kg/cubic m 70 pcf.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 77
2.25.1.2
Clinker Grinder
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete this paragraph if coal analysis
indicates no possibility of slag formation.
**************************************************************************
Provide the clinker grinder unit with [_____] mm inch wide double roll for
each hopper outlet gate housing, with grinders having manganese steel rolls
and cast-iron housings and with grinder shafts mounted on outboard bearings
protected by a stuffing box and gland assembly. Provide grinder shafts
through stuffing boxes equipped with packing rings and lantern rings for
seal water flow. Provide a reversing mechanism to reverse direction of the
clinker grinder rolls should an obstruction stall the grinder. Provide a
9.5 mm 3/8 inch steel plate ejector feed hopper below each clinker grinder
to feed the inlet of the pneumatic ash gathering system, with fixed
passages in the clinker grinders preventing discharge of particles too
large to be handled by the pneumatic conveying system. Drive each clinker
grinder with a totally enclosed type motor and provide with a reversing
starter, pressure switch for seal water control, diaphragm-operated seal
water valve, and a solenoid valve. Design units for the characteristics of
the coal specified and provide capability of handling bottom ash at a rate
exceeding the conveying system capacity.
2.25.1.3
Conveyor Piping
Make conveyor pipe and fittings of an abrasive-resisting alloy metal cast
by the sand-spun process, having a minimum Brinell hardness of 280, with
wall thickness not less than 13 mm 1/2 inch and pipe lengths not exceeding
5.5 m 18 feet. Make joints air tight with flanges or sleeve pipe
couplings. Provide fittings to have a Brinell hardness number of
approximately 400 and with removable wearbacks, where applicable, or of the
integral wearback type. Design ash inlet fittings so that the ash cannot
overload or clog the conveyor pipeline. Provide adjustable supports or
hangers. Provide vacuum hose connections as indicated and include 4.6 m 15
foot lengths of vacuum hose with quick connectors and four floor sweep-up
nozzles.
2.25.1.4
2.25.1.4.1
Vacuum and Combination Vacuum/Pressure Systems
Vacuum System
Provide pneumatic suction type ash conveying equipment, complete with
vacuum pumps and all component parts necessary for complete and successful
operation, sized approximately twice the predicted accumulation rate. The
system must have the capacity to convey and empty not less than [_____]
metric tons/hour tons/hour of ash weighing approximately [_____] kg/cubic
meter pcf. Base the tonnage on average handling rate and not on the
instantaneous rate.
2.25.1.4.2
Combination Vacuum/Pressure Systems
Provide vacuum/pressure equipment that is commercially produced for this
particular type of service and including a pressure vessel equipped with a
filter section at the top and an aeration ring at the bottom. Draw
material into the unit by vacuum, with the air separated from the material
in the top filter section and exhausted through a silencer. Provide a high
level indicator within the vessel that can through a silencer and filter
unit and discharging the pressurized air into the vessel. Utilize part of
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 78
the air to clean the filter and pass part of the air through the aeration
ring of the vessel to pick up material and convey it under pressure to the
storage silo. Furnish the unit complete with all automatic air control
valves to control air flow to and from the vessel continuously through the
two modes of the operating cycle continuing automatically until switched
off at the control cabinet. Provide skid mounts for all automatic valves,
interconnecting piping, and the vacuum/pressure vessel must be skid-mounted
with vacuum/pressure pump mounted separately. The control cabinet may be
mounted separately or skid-mounted on the vacuum/pressure vessel skid.
Provide unit capacity to be approximately [_____] metric tons/hour tons/hour
of ash weighing approximately [_____] kg/cubic meter pcf. Provide piping
sizes for ash collection system designed to fit the unit supplied. Use a
vacuum/pressure system where storage silo is more than 150 m 500 feet from
the boiler plant. Provide a vacuum system should be used for capacities of
less than 45 metric tons/hour 50 tons/hour per system.
2.25.1.4.3
Pump Unit
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where characteristics of the fly ash require
additional treatment, incorporate a water spray in
the filtering unit. If not required, delete the
portion included in the brackets. Air discharged to
the atmosphere must meet the local air pollution
standards.
**************************************************************************
Size the vacuum or vacuum/pressure pump unit to match system design
requirements with pump unit being liquid-ring type having round rotor with
curved blades rotating in an elliptical casing. Provide the required
pumping action with water alternately entering and leaving the chambers
within the rotor vanes. Provide water within the casing that does not act
as an air cleansing agent with the operation and maintenance of the unit
not being affected by dust-laden air. Provide base-mounted unit with
electric motor drive and all required heat exchangers, separators, and
control valves. Provide the vacuum pump inlet piping with a vacuum filter
unit to remove the fly ash obtained from the economizer ash hopper.
Provide a filter unit in a metal housing that contains filter bags removing
all fly ash before discharge to the atmosphere and an automatic air purge
back-washing system. [Incorporate a water spray into the filtering unit.]
2.25.1.4.4
Control Cabinet
Provide a control cabinet for the complete operation of the system and
include all running indicating lights as required. Provide a push-button
switch conveniently located in the boiler house to start and stop the
system. Provide a vacuum breaker, operating automatically from a timer, in
the bottom ash conveyor line to break the system vacuum.
2.25.1.4.5
Controls
Provide a selector switch set to automatic position to start the unit in
the vacuum cycle with the controls for the combination vacuum/pressure
system . Provide a high-level indicator in vacuum/pressure vessel to
actuate necessary controls to cut off the vacuum gathering system and
pressurize the vessel for pressure discharge of collected material.
Provide a low-pressure switch in the control panel that senses the pressure
drop in conveying pressure and returns the unit to vacuum operation.
Provide a unit that operates continuously in this manner until manually
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 79
shut down. Provide a selector switch that in the manual position shuts the
unit down after filling. Discharge is then accomplished by pressing the
manual discharge button. Provide a high vacuum switch with time delay to
shut the system down automatically in the event none of the inlet valves
are actuated. Provide heavy duty switches and controls in accordance with
NEMA ICS 1.
2.25.1.4.6
Automatic Air Valve
Provide an automatic air valve at economizer or air preheater ash inlet
hopper discharge slide gate to allow air into system without causing a
vacuum within the boiler ash hopper. Provide slide gate as part of the ash
system to be manually-operated and interlocked to actuate the automatic air
inlet valve.
2.25.1.5
Ash Silo
Provide an ash storage silo with a capacity of not less than [_____] metric
tons tons of ash and fly ash considered to have an average weight of [_____]
kg/cubic meter pcf with the capacity based on a minimum of 24 hours [60
hours if ash cannot be removed on weekends]. Construct the silo of welded
steel with a cone bottom for truck filling and supported on a structural
steel tower with all elements exposed to the exterior designed for wind
loads of [_____] kg/square meter psf. Provide a 4.3 m 14 foot clearance
under the hopper outlet fitting or appurtenance. Provide silo with steel
ladder and safety cage from the ground level to roof, steel ladder inside
storage bin, and an angle railing around the roof perimeter, with a minimum
plate thickness of 6.4 mm 1/4 inch. Provide silo complete with all
accessories required for an operable installation including, but not
limited to, high ash level detector, roof manhole, pressure and relief
valve, and other roof openings, as necessary. Finish the interior coating
with coal-tar epoxy conforming to SSPC Paint 16.
2.25.1.5.1
Ash Storage Silo
Provide an ash storage silo for vacuum system with two stage separators
[and a tertiary bag filter], with the primary receiver being cylindrical
and constructed entirely of sectional steel or cast plates suitable for
this special service. Provide a receiver not less than 900 mm 3 feetin
diameter. Provide flanges and bolts on the outside, and the impact of ash
directed against heavy iron wear plates of abrasive-resistant alloy.
Provide the receiver with an air-tight discharge passage not less than 450
mm 18 inches in diameter for free flow of clinkers and include a means for
positive, periodic, and automatic operation in dumping its entire contents
into the silo. Design the system so that all suction is positively shut
off from the receiver during its dumping period so that no dust can be
sucked out through the exhaust while the discharge of the receiver is open
or opening with the air from the primary receiver entering an external
secondary separator removing 90 percent of the dust not collected by the
primary receiver. Provide a combined efficiency of the primary and
external secondary separators [and tertiary bag filter] of not less than 98
percent. Provide the secondary separator similar to the primary receiver
in construction but of smaller and of lighter material. Do not allow any
part of the discharger to extend into the main storage bin. Construct the
housing of 6.4 mm 1/4 inch steel plate with a tight-closing access door
provided as an enclosure for the discharger.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 80
2.25.1.5.2
Silo Vent Filter
Mount the silo vent filter unit on top of the silo, acting as an air
release unit to separate the air from the ash, with the ash dropping into
the silo. Provide automatic back cleaning of the bag filters utilizing
plant air at approximately 690 to 860 kPa 100 to 125 psig that is actuated
whenever the ash handling system is in use, and with dust released from the
filter bags in the back cleaning operation falling into the storage silo.
Provide housing to allow the unit to operate exposed to the weather in
ambient temperatures ranging from -40 degrees C to plus 55 degrees C -40 to
plus 130 degrees F.
2.25.1.5.3
Rotary, Dustless Unloader
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where motor starters for mechanical equipment
are provided in motor control centers, delete the
description of motor starters.
**************************************************************************
Provide a rotary, dustless unloader to eliminate all dust in unloading ash
and dust from the ash storage silo. Do not add water to the ashes in the
conveyor or in the storage bin. Provide a dustless unloader to add water
to the ash in controlled quantities so that no surplus water runs or drips
from the ash after discharge with the discharged ash being muddy but loose
and free flowing. Water valve must open only when drive motor is running.
Provide an unloader with capacity of not less than 27 metric tons 30 tons
of conditioned ash per hour. Design the rotating unit so that all bearings
are located on the outside and not in contact with the material handled.
Provide a platform for access to unit, with a handrail and a safety ladder
to grade. Provide a totally enclosed type motor for outdoor operation.
[Provide [manual] [[magnetic] [across-the-line] [reduced voltage start]]
type motor starter with [weather-resistant] [water-tight] [dust-tight]
enclosure.]
2.25.1.6
Conveyor Type Ash Handling System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: When specifying boilers with capacity greater
than 4.1 MW 14 million Btuh per boiler, this
paragraph through paragraph Elevator Conveyor will
be deleted.
**************************************************************************
Provide funnel shaped ash pits, constructed of 6.4 mm 1/4 inch steel plate,
minimum, and covered with a heavy grating with openings approximately 50 mm
2 inches square to receive ashes and clinkers discharged from the boiler
ash hoppers into ash pits located directly below the ash hopper doors.
Arrange combination drag chain conveyor for horizontal conveying and an
elevator conveyor for vertical conveying of ashes as indicated to take
ashes from the bottom of the ash pits for discharge into the ash silo.
Provide conveyors to have a capacity of not less than [_____] metric
tons/hour tons/hour when handling ashes weighing approximately [_____] kg/m
pcf at a maximum speed of 508 mm/second 100 fpm. Provide doors for access
to all parts, as required. Provide [totally enclosed, nonventilated type]
[totally enclosed, fan-cooled type motors] [totally enclosed, fan-cooled
type motors suitable for installation in a Class II, Division 1, Group F
hazardous location in accordance with NFPA 70]. [Provide [manual]
[[magnetic] [across-the-line] [reduced voltage start]] type motor starters
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 81
with [general-purpose] [weather-resistant] [water-tight] [dust-tight]
[explosion-proof] enclosure.]
2.25.1.6.1
Drag Chain Conveyor
Provide a drag chain conveyor of a single strand of wide, heat treated,
high alloy, drop forged rivetless drag chain with a [_____] mm inch pitch,
[_____] mm inch overall width, and [_____] kg pounds working strength, and
having a hardness of 460-510 Brinell, with the upper strand of the chain
conveying the ash in a trough constructed of 9.5 mm 3/8 inch cast-iron
extending from [_____] mm inches in front of the foot shaft to [_____] mm
inches behind the head shaft and set flush with the floor. Carry the
return strand of chain in angle runways set flush with the trench floor.
Drive the drag chain conveyor by a [_____] mm inch pitch roller chain and
[_____] mm inch pitch diameter, [_____] tooth sprocket on the drive shaft,
and a [_____] mm inch pitch diameter, [_____] -tooth sprocket on the
elevator foot shaft.
2.25.1.6.2
Elevator Conveyor
Provide elevator conveyor of a single strand chain positive discharge type
with head and takeup with the casing constructed of 2.657 mm (12 gauge) 12
gauge steel, minimum, with 9.5 mm 3/8 inch thick boot plates. Provide the
head-end drive to include a gear motor and steel roller chain complete with
drive brackets, guards, and backstop. Equip the elevator with head-end
platform and ladder.
2.25.2
Ash Handling Controls
Provide a control panel for the ash handling system control containing all
necessary instrumentation, including selector switches, annunciators, push
buttons, and ammeters required for monitoring and operation of the ash
handling system, with graphically display of the system. In addition,
provide a panel containing all necessary timers, relays, and terminal
blocks that are required for the control system with control and monitoring
of the ash removal system from a single panel having pushbuttons to start
automatic operation of each system and also pushbuttons for individual
control of each component. Provide the panel with sufficient
instrumentation to observe the removal operations and controls to permit
effective emergency control, with local control stations at each ash
removal point for local manual operation. Provide local selector switches
so that equipment may be operated manually for test and maintenance
purposes. Control the operation of the bottom ash system by a
microprocessor-based control system, a solid-state programmable controller,
or an electro-mechanical system. Provide for controls and instrumentation
located indoors with NEMA 12 rating, in accordance with NEMA ICS 1.
Provide NEMA 4 rating for all outdoor components in accordance with
NEMA ICS 1. Factory mount ,major equipment components, including control
panels and devices, prewired, tubed, and tested to the maximum practical
extent with the controls for fully automatic and sequential operation of
the ash handling system. Design these controls so that manual steps, such
as continuous monitoring and regulation are not required. Incorporate
safety interlocks to assure that proper permissive conditions have been met
prior to changing the operating status of major system components. Provide
automatic shutdown of the ash handling system, or portion thereof, with
alarms, should unsafe conditions arise during operation of the system.
Provide facilities for monitoring and control of the ash handling system
for the following functions:
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 82
a.
Manual start of the automatic control operations.
b.
Selection of operating components.
c.
Override of the automatic control sequences, both at the ash handling
control panel and locally.
d.
Manual operation, either remotely from the control center or locally.
e.
Emergency shutdown on a unit or system basis.
f.
Status monitoring at the ash handling control panel of the operation of
the ash handling system and its components.
The automatic controls for bottom ash collection transport must operate as
specified. When a start command has been manually initiated, the automatic
ash collection and transport sequences for the unit progress through their
complete cycles, shutting down the after completion of the cycles.
Include an annunciator system, complete with audio and visual alarms, as
part of the ash handling control panel, with the annunciator system
receiving inputs from devices and system logic, indicating any
out-of-specification or trip condition. Provide recorders to provide a
permanent record of selected variables that relate to the ash handling
system's performance and operation. Provide control stations supplied with
analog control loops that provide bumpless transfer between the manual and
automatic modes of operation, with the manual mode of operation providing
direct control of the end device with no intervening analog control
components unless those components are powered by the same source as the
end device.
2.25.3
Submerged Drag Chain Conveyor (SDCC)
Design submerged drag chain conveyor to extract ash at normal capacity
[_____] metric tons/hour TPH and maximum capacity [_____] metric tons/hour
TPH, based on a dry ash density of approximately [_____] kg/cubic meter pcf
with the maximum chain speed of 76 mm/sec 15 fpm. Design the SDCC for
continuous operation having a storage capacity of [_____] cubic meters
cubic feet accumulation with the SDCC having an upper compartment filled
with water and a dry lower compartment, and with the equipment maintaining
water temperature at approximately 60 degrees C 140 degrees F. Provide a
dewatering slope an angle of [_____] degrees with the horizontal and a top
trough of not less than 9.5 mm 3/8 inch thick carbon steel plate, welded
construction, lined with renewable abrasion resistant steel wear plates,
with a minimum thickness of 13 mm 1/2 inch and 380 BHN. Grind all welds
smooth. Provide the necessary track guide angles, hold-down angles, and
carbon steel chain protectors. Provide the minimum depth of water in the
upper trough [_____] meters feet. The return chain bottom trough must be
dry, constructed of 9.5 mm 3/8 inch thick steel plate, stiffened and braced
with structural shapes and water-tight. Provide chain track angles with a
minimum 13 mm 1/2 inch thick steel replaceable wear flats with a minimum
300 BHN and include wear strips under the return flights, minimum 13 mm 1/2
inch thick and 50 mm 2 inches wide. Provide a double strand round-link or
ship-type conveyor chain, case hardened, corrosion and abrasion resistant,
chrome-nickel-alloy, annealed and carburized with surface hardness between
500-630 BHN, with design strength and pitch based on operating conditions.
Provide conveyor flights [_____] mm inches deep by [_____] mm inches thick
T-1 steel plates attached on both ends to the chain with each flight
provided with top wear pads and bottom wear strips of abrasion resistant
steel plate of 300 BHN minimum. Provide a chain tensioner at the tail end
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 83
of SDCC for maintaining proper tension in both strands of the chain.
Include cast-iron idler wheel, bearings, shaft, guide block and bearing
housing for the assembly. Fabricate the idler assemblies for both troughs
to include heavy duty spherical roller type bearings with external
lubrication fittings. Iinclude cast iron wheels with removable, surface
hardened, toothed segments, drive shaft, bearings for the chain drive
assembly. Provide a hydrostatic driven unit coupled with a low speed, high
torque hydraulic motor, built-in torque limiting valves for preventing
damage to load train or electric motor for the conveyor, with speed
regulation, self-lubrication, internal cooling, and dynamic braking
provided with the drive, and include inching capability. Provide hinged
inspection doors, windows, and removable panels along the conveyor to
permit access and observation at critical points. Construct inspection
doors, windows, and removable panels in mild steel with stainless steel
hardware and make completely water-tight. Provide water cooling and
drainage connections through flanged connections to the conveyor trough
with provision for continuous water flow into the top trough of the
conveyor including two overflow connections, one for normal level and one
high level, including high level alarm and an overflow weir box to prevent
drain clogging. Provide chain cleaning sprays.
2.25.4
Dense Phase Ash Handling
Provide a pneumatic dense phase type, complete with transfer vessels,
solenoid valves, air receiver tank, air producer and ash conveying piping
for the ash conveying system. Design the ash handling system to handle
[_____] metric tons/hour tons/hour of ash weighing approximately [_____]
kg/cubic meter pcf with each transport vessel bolted to the hopper
discharge flange where ash flows into vessel by gravity until a level
indicator indicates the vessel is full. The transport vessel inlet valve
then closes, and transport air between 170 to 345 kPa 25 to 50 psi enters
the vessel through a fluidizing unit located at the bottom of the vessel.
When the vessel has been brought to transport air pressure, the transport
line valve opens and a "slug" of fly ash is transported to the storage
silo. Provide Schedule 40 transporting pipe, standard black iron pipe
[_____] mm inches diameter. Base design on the material velocities in the
transportation pipe of [_____] meters/sec fpm but not in excess of 5
meters/sec 1000 fpm utilizing 210 to 415 kPa 30 to 60 psi compressed air to
fluidize the transmit ash.
2.25.5
Fly Ash Collectors
Fly ash collectors are as specified in Section 44 10 00 AIR POLLUTION
CONTROL. Provide and size ash collectors to handle total flue gas at
maximum boiler load and stack temperature, and include induced draft
equipment. Coordinate fly ash collector requirements with boiler draft and
control requirements.
PART 3
3.1
EXECUTION
EXAMINATION
After becoming familiar with all details of the work, verify all dimensions
in the field, and advise the Contracting Officer of any discrepancy before
performing the work.
3.2
ERECTION OF BOILER AND AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
Install boiler and auxiliary equipment as indicated and in accordance with
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 84
manufacturers' instructions.
3.3
EARTHWORK
Perform excavation and backfilling for tanks and piping as specified in
Section 31 00 00 EARTHWORK, except conform backfill for fiberglass
reinforced fuel tanks to the manufacturer's installation instructions.
3.4
STORAGE TANK INSTALLATION
Install storage tank installation in accordance with Section 33 56 10
FACTORY-FABRICATED FUEL STORAGE TANKS.
3.5
PIPING INSTALLATION
Cut pipe accurately to measurements established at the jobsite, install
without cold springing, and clear windows, doors, and other openings.
Cutting or other weakening of the building structure to facilitate piping
installation is not permitted. Free piping of burrs, oil, grease, and
other foreign matter and install to permit free expansion and contraction
without damaging building structure, pipe, joints, or hangers. Use
fittings to make changes in direction, except that bending of pipe 100 mm 4
inches and smaller will be permitted provided a pipe bender is used and
wide sweep bends are formed. The centerline radius of bends must not be
less than 6 diameters of the pipe. Bent pipe showing kinks, wrinkles,
flattening, or other malformations will not be accepted. Carbon steel
piping to be bent conforming to ASTM A53/A53M, Grade A, standard, or Grade
B extra-heavy weight. Carry vent pipes through the roof and properly
flash. Unless otherwise indicated, pitch down horizontal supply mains in
the direction of flow with a grade of not less than 25 mm in 12 m 1 inch in
40 feet. Cap or plug open ends of pipelines and equipment during
installation to keep dirt or other foreign materials out of the systems.
Undercoat pipe not otherwise specified. Unless otherwise specified or
shown, make connections to equipment with malleable-iron unions for steel
pipe 65 mm 2-1/2 inches or less in diameter and with flanges for pipe 80 mm
3 inches or more in diameter, with unions for copper pipe or tubing made of
brass or bronze. Provide cathodic protection for connections between
ferrous piping and copper piping, electrically isolated from each other
with dielectric couplings or other approved methods. Use reducing fittings
for changes in pipe sizes. For horizontal HTW lines, provide eccentric
type reducing fittings to maintain the top of the lines at the same level.
3.5.1
Pipe Sleeves
Provide pipe sleeves fitted into place at the time of construction for
pipes and tubes passing through concrete or masonry walls or concrete
floors or roofs. Install a waterproofing clamping flange as indicated. Do
not install sleeves in structural members except where indicated or
approved. Provide details for rectangular and square openings. Extend
each sleeve through its specified wall, floor, or roof, and cut flush with
each surface, except extend sleeves through floors and roofs above the top
surface at least 150 mm 6 inchesfor proper flashing or finishing. Provide
membrane clamping rings where membranes are penetrated. Unless otherwise
indicated, size sleeves to provide a minimum clearance of 6 mm 1/4 inch
between bare pipe and sleeves or between jacket over insulation and
sleeves. Provide galvanized steel pipe sleeves in bearing walls,
waterproofing membrane floors, and wet areas. Sleeves in nonbearing walls,
floors, or ceilings may be galvanized steel pipe or galvanized sheet metal
with lock-type longitudinal seam. Except in pipe chases or interior walls,
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 85
seal the annular space between pipe and sleeve or between jacket over
insulation and sleeve in nonfire rated walls, partitions, and floors as
indicated and specified in Section 07 92 00 JOINT SEALANTS and in fire
rated walls, partitions, and floors seal as indicated and specified in
Section 07 84 00 FIRESTOPPING. Provide metal jackets over insulation
passing through exterior walls, fire walls, fire partitions, floors, or
roofs, no thinner than 152.4 micrometers 0.006 inch thick aluminum, if
corrugated, and 0.4064 mm 0.016 inch thick aluminum, if smooth, and secured
with aluminum or stainless steel bands not less than 10 mm 3/8 inch wide
and not more than 200 mm 8 inches apart. When penetrating roofs, before
fitting the metal jacket into place, run a 13 mm 1/2 inch wide strip of
sealant vertically along the inside of the longitudinal joint of the metal
jacket from a point below the backup material to a minimum height of 900 mm
36 inches above the roof. If the pipe turns from vertical to horizontal,
run the sealant strip to a point just beyond the first elbow. When
penetrating waterproofing membrane for floors, extend the metal jacket must
extend from a point below the backup material to a minimum distance of 50 mm
2 inches above the flashing. For other areas, the metal jacket from a
point below the backup material to a point 300 mm 12 inches above floor; or
when passing through walls above grade, extend jacket a minimum of 100 mm 4
inches beyond each side of the wall.
3.5.1.1
Pipes Passing through Waterproofing Membranes
In addition to the pipe sleeves referred to above, provide for pipes
passing through roof or floor waterproofing membranes with a 1.8 kg 4 pound
lead flashing or a 453 g 16 ounce copper flashing, each within an integral
skirt or flange, with flashing formed, and the skirt or flange extending
not less than 200 mm 8 inches from the pipe and must set over the roof or
floor membrane in a troweled coating of bituminous cement. Extend the
flashing up the pipe a minimum of 250 mm 10 inches above the roof or
floor. Seal the annular space between the flashing and the bare pipe or
between the flashing and the metal-jacket-covered insulation as indicated.
Pipes up to and including 250 mm 10 inches in diameter passing through roof
or floor waterproofing membrane may be installed through a galvanized steel
sleeve with caulking recess, anchor lugs, flashing clamp device, and
pressure ring with brass bolts. Clamp waterproofing membrane into place
and place sealant in the caulking recess. In lieu of a waterproofing
clamping flange and caulking and sealing of annular space between pipe and
sleeve or conduit and sleeve, a modular mechanical-type sealing assembly
may be installed. Provide seals consisting of interlocking synthetic
rubber links shaped to continuously fill the annular space between the
pipe/conduit and sleeve with corrosion protected carbon steel bolts, nuts,
and pressure plates, with the links loosely assembled with bolts to form a
continuous rubber belt around the pipe with a pressure plate under each
bolt head and each nut. After the seal assembly is properly positioned in
the sleeve, tighten the bolts to cause the rubber sealing elements to
expand and provide a water-tight seal between the pipe/conduit and the
sleeve. Size each seal assembly as recommended by the manufacturer to fit
the pipe/conduit and sleeve involved. If the use modular mechanical-type
seals is elected, provide sleeves of the proper diameters.
3.5.1.2
Optional Counterflashing
As alternates to caulking and sealing the annular space between the pipe
and flashing or metal-jacket-covered insulation and flashing,
counterflashing may be accomplished by utilizing standard roof coupling for
threaded pipe up to 150 mm 6 inches in diameter; lead flashing sleeve for
dry vents and turning the sleeve down into the pipe to form a waterproof
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 86
joint; tack-welded or banded-metal rain shield around the pipe and sealing
as indicated.
3.5.2
Pipe Joints
Provide welded or flanged joints between sections of pipe and fittings on
all HTW piping. On auxiliary piping, except as otherwise specified,
provide threaded fittings 25 mm 1 inch and smaller. Provide threaded or
welded fittings 32 mm 1-1/4 inches up to, but not including, 65 mm 2-1/2
inches Provide flanged or welded fittings 65 mm 2-1/2 inches and larger.
Weld pipe and fittings 32 mm 1-1/4 inches and larger installed in
inaccessible conduits or trenches beneath concrete floor slabs. Provide
black malleable-iron unions for pipe 50 mm 2 inches or smaller in diameter,
and with flanges for pipe 65 mm 2-1/2 inches or larger in diameter for
connections to equipment.
3.5.2.1
Threaded Joints
Make threaded joints with tapered threads properly cut and made perfectly
tight with a stiff mixture of graphite and oil, or polytetrafluoroethylene
tape or equal, applied to the male threads only, and in no case to the
fittings.
3.5.2.2
Welded Joints
Fusion weld joints in accordance with ASME B31.1, unless otherwise
required. Provide only weld fittings for changes in direction of piping;
mitering or notching pipe to form elbows and tees or other similar type
construction is not acceptable. Branch connections may be made with either
welding tees or forged branch outlet fittings, either being acceptable
without size limitation. Provide forged and flared branch outlet fittings,
where used, for improvement flow where attached to the run, reinforced
against external strains, and designed to withstand full pipe bursting
strength.
3.5.2.2.1
Beveling
Field and shop bevels in accordance with the recognized standards and done
by mechanical means or flame cutting. Where beveling is done by flame
cutting, clean surfaces of scale and oxidation before welding.
3.5.2.2.2
Alignment
Before welding, align the component parts to be welded so that no strain is
placed on the weld when finally positioned. Align height so that no part
of the pipe wall is offset by more than 20 percent of the wall thickness.
Set flanges and branches true, preserving the alignment during the welding
operation. Provide welds of the same quality for tack welds, made by the
same procedure as the completed weld; otherwise, remove tack welds during
the final welding operation.
3.5.2.2.3
Erection
Where the temperature of the component parts being welded reaches 0 degrees
C 32 degrees F or lower, heat the material to approximately 38 degrees C
100 degrees F for a distance of 900 mm 3 feet on each side of the weld
before welding, finishing the weld before the materials cool to 0 degrees C
32 degrees F.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 87
3.5.2.2.4
Defective Welding
Remove and replace defective welds, repairing defective welds in accordance
with ASME B31.1.
3.5.2.2.5
Electrodes
After filler metal has been removed from its original package, protect or
store so that its characteristics or welding properties are not affected.
Do not use electrodes that have been wetted or that have lost any of their
coating.
3.5.2.3
Flanges and Unions
Face flanges and unions true, and make square and tight. Provide gaskets
of nonasbestos compressed material in accordance with ASME B16.21, 1.6 mm
1/16 inch thickness, full-face or self-centering flat ring type. Provide
gaskets with aramid fibers bonded with styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) or
nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) using NBR binder for hydrocarbon service.
Provide union or flange joints in each line immediately preceding the
connection to each piece of equipment or material requiring maintenance
such as coils, pumps, control valves, and other similar items.
3.5.3
3.5.3.1
Supports
General
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Mechanical and electrical layout drawings and
specifications for ceiling suspensions should
contain notes indicating that hanger loads between
panel points in excess of 23 kg 50 pounds shall have
the excess hanger loads suspended from panel points.
**************************************************************************
Fabricate hangers used to support piping 50 mm 2 inches and larger to
permit adequate adjustment after erection while still supporting the load.
Install pipe guides and anchors to keep pipes in accurate alignment, to
direct the expansion movement, and to prevent buckling, swaying, and undue
strain. Support by variable spring hangers and supports or by constant
support hangers, piping subjected to vertical movement, when operating
temperatures exceed ambient temperatures. [Do not exceed 23 kg 50 pounds
for pipe hanger loads suspended from steel joist between panel points.
Suspend pipe loads exceeding 23 kg 50 pounds from panel points.]
3.5.3.2
Seismic Requirements
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Provide seismic requirements, if a Government
designer (either Corps office or A/E) is the
Engineer of Record, and show on the drawings.
Delete the bracketed phrase if seismic details are
not provided. Pertinent portions of UFC 3-310-04
and Sections 13 48 00 and 13 48 00.00 10, properly
edited, must be included in the contract documents.
**************************************************************************
Support and brace piping and attached valves to resist seismic loads [as
specified under UFC 3-310-04 and Sections 13 48 00 SEISMIC PROTECTION FOR
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 88
MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT and 13 48 00.00 10 SEISMIC PROTECTION FOR
MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT] [as indicated]. Provide structural steel required
for reinforcement to support piping, headers, and equipment as specified
under Section 05 12 00 STRUCTURAL STEEL.
3.5.3.3
Structural Reinforcements
Provide structural steel reinforcements required to support piping,
headers, and equipment, but not shown, as specified under Section 05 12 00
STRUCTURAL STEEL.
3.5.4
Anchors
Provide anchors wherever necessary, or indicated, to localize expansion or
prevent undue strain on piping. Provide anchors of heavy steel collars
with lugs and bolts for clamping and attaching anchor braces, unless
otherwise indicated. Install anchor braces in the most effective manner to
secure the desired results, using turnbuckles where required. Do not
attach supports, anchors, or stays where they will injure the structure or
adjacent construction during installation or by the weight of expansion of
the pipeline.
3.5.5
3.5.5.1
Pipe Expansion
Expansion Loop
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Wherever possible, provisions for expansion
of supply-and-return pipes will be made by changes
in the direction of the run of the pipe or by field
fabricated expansion bends. Where restrictions in
space prevent such provisions for expansion,
expansion joints will be installed and blank will
filled as appropriate. Bracketed portion will be
deleted if inapplicable.
**************************************************************************
Provide expansion loop to ensure adequate expansion of the main straight
runs of the system within the stress limits specified in ASME B31.1. Cold
spring loops and install where indicated. Provide pipe guides as
indicated. Except where otherwise indicated, utilize expansion loops and
bends to absorb and compensate for expansion and contraction instead of
expansion joints.
3.5.5.2
Expansion Joints
**************************************************************************
NOTE: If expansion joints are required, this
paragraph will be deleted. Where restrictions in
space prevent such provisions for expansion,
expansion joints will be installed and blank will be
filled as appropriate. Bracketed portion will be
deleted if inapplicable.
**************************************************************************
Provide expansion joints for either single or double slip of the connected
pipes, as required and indicated, and for not less than the traverse
indicated. Provide anchor bases or support bases as indicated or
required. Make initial setting in accordance with the manufacturer's
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 89
recommendation to allow for an ambient temperature at time of
installation. Install pipe alignment guides as recommended by the joint
manufacturer, but in any case not more than 1.5 m 5 feet from expansion
joint, except that in lines 100 mm 4 inches or smaller install guides no
more than 600 mm 2 feet from the joint.
3.5.6
Valves
Install gate valves and globe valves with the stem horizontal or above.
Install swing check valves in horizontal piping with the cap or bonnet up,
or in vertical piping with the flow upward. Always install lift or piston
check valves in horizontal piping with the cap or bonnet up.
3.6
BURIED PIPING INSTALLATION
3.6.1
Protective Coating for Underground Steel Pipe
Provide steel pipe installed underground with a protective covering,
mechanically applied in a factory or field plant especially equipped for
the purpose. Apply for specials and other fittings which cannot be coated
and wrapped mechanically with a protective covering applied by hand,
preferably at the plant applying the covering to the pipe. Do not field
apply coatings until the piping has satisfactorily passed the leak or
hydrostatic test. Coat and wrap field joints by hand in a manner and with
materials that will produce a covering equal in effectiveness to that of
the mechanically-applied covering.
3.6.2
Cleaning of Surfaces to be Coated
Solvent wash steel surfaces to assure an oil-and-grease-free surface, and
blast-clean to bare metal as specified in SSPC SP 6/NACE No.3. For areas
that cannot be cleaned by blasting, clean to bare metal by powered wire
brushing or other mechanical means. Provide an air supply for blasting
that is free from oil and moisture. Following cleaning, wipe the surfaces
with coal-tar solvent naphtha and allow to dry. Ensure the surfaces to be
coated are free of all mill scale and foreign matter such as rust, dirt,
grease, oil, and other deleterious substances. Apply coating to surfaces
as soon as practicable after the cleaning operation.
3.6.3
Coating
Coat buried steel piping with one of the following methods:
3.6.3.1
Epoxy Coating System
The epoxy coating system, conforming to the AWWA C213. Factory coat
fittings, valves, and joints with materials identical to those used on the
pipe, or may be field-coated with a 2-part epoxy system recommended by the
manufacturer of the pipe coating system. Field protection may also be
provided for joints and fittings with a coal tar tape hot applied over a
compatible primer.
3.6.3.2
Bituminous Pipe Coating
**************************************************************************
NOTE: If coating system similar to coal tar coating
and wrapping is required using different materials,
rewrite this paragraph. Where excessively corrosive
soils are encountered, the piping shall be given a
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 90
second coating of coal-tar enamel and a second
wrapper of felt.
**************************************************************************
Provide bituminous protective system of coal-tar enamel and primer coating
system, consisting of a coal-tar priming coat, a coal-tar enamel coat, a
wrapper of coal tar saturated felt, and a wrapper of kraft paper, or a coat
of water-resistant white-wash, applied in the order named and conforming to
the requirements of AWWA C203 in all respects as to materials, methods of
application, tests, and handling, except do not apply an interior lining.
Coat and wrap joints and fittings.
3.6.3.3
Polyethylene Pipe Coating
Provide factory-applied system, with continuous extruded polyethylene
coating and adhesive undercoat application procedure, including surface
preparation, conforming to NACE SP0185, Type A. Provide tape wrapped
joints, valves, flanges, and other irregular surfaces as outlined under the
tape wrapping system, except apply the tape half-lapped, and prime all
extruded polyethylene coating and adhesive undercoat surfaces to be
tape-wrapped with a compatible primer before application of tape. Use the
primer recommended by the tape manufacturer and approved by the applicator
of the extruded polyethylene coating. Repair damaged areas of extruded
polyethylene coating by tape-wrapping as described under the tape-wrapping
system, except press any residual material from the extruded polyethylene
coating into the break or trim off. Prime all areas to be taped and apply
the tape half-lapped.
3.6.3.4
Tape-Wrap Pipe Coating
Prime cleaned surfaces before applying tape as recommended by the
manufacturer of the tape. Provide approved, pressure-sensitive, organic
plastic tape with a minimum nominal thickness of 0.51 mm 0.020 inch,
conforming to ASTM G21 for fungus resistance. Apply tape to clean, dry,
grease-free, and dust-free surfaces only. Wire brush all weld beads and
remove all burrs and weld spatter. Cover weld beads with one wrap of tape
before spiral wrapping. At each end of straight runs, apply a double wrap
of one full width of tape at right angles to the axis of the spiral
wrapping. Remove any kraft paper protective wrapping from the pipe before
the tape is applied. Provide wrap protection for material which is wrapped
before it is placed in its final position at sling points with roofing felt
or other approved heavy shielding material, or handle with canvas slings.
Repair damaged wrapping as specified. Wrap pipe in straight runs spirally,
half-lapping the tape as it is applied. For pipe smaller than 100 mm 4
inches, apply one layer half-lapped. For pipe 100 mm 4 inches and larger,
apply two layers half-lapped with the second layer wrapped opposite-hand to
the first. Spirally wrap joints, coupling fittings, and similar units and
damaged areas of wrapping, beginning with one complete wrap 75 mm 3 inches
back from each edge of the corresponding size of straight pipe. On
irregular surfaces such as valves and other accessories, apply one layer
half-lapped and stretched to conform to the surface, followed by a second
layer half-lapped and applied with tension as it comes off the roll.
3.6.3.5
Coating Inspection and Testing
After field coating of the pipe joints, inspect the entire pipe with an
electric holiday detector having an operating crest voltage of from 12,000
to 15,000 volts when using a full-ring, spring-type coil electrode.
Provide a holiday detector equipped with a bell, buzzer, or other audible
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 91
signal which operates when a holiday is detected. Repair detected holidays
in the protective covering. Occasional checks of holiday detector
potential will be made by the Contracting Officer to determine suitability
of the detector. Perform the inspection for holidays just before covering
the pipe with backfill and take every precaution during backfill to prevent
damage to the protective covering. Furnish all equipment and labor
necessary for inspection.
3.6.4
Installing Buried Piping
Carefully handle pipe and accessories to assure a sound, undamaged
condition with special care taken to not damage coating when lowering pipe
into a trench and when backfilling. Install nonmetallic pipe in accordance
with pipe manufacturer's instructions.
a.
Submit Proposed diagrams, instructions, and other sheets, before
posting. Post framed instructions under glass or in laminated plastic,
including wiring and control diagrams showing the complete layout of
the entire system, where directed. Prepare in typed form, and frame as
specified, condensed operating instructions explaining preventive
maintenance procedures, methods of checking the system for normal safe
operation, and procedures for safely starting and stopping the system
above, including the wiring and control diagrams posted beside the
diagrams. Post the framed instructions before acceptance testing of
the systems.
b.
Lay underground pipelines with a minimum pitch of 25 mm/15 m 1 inch/50
feet. Provide minimal coverage for horizontal pipe sections of 450 mm
18 inches, laying piping free of traps and draining toward tank.
Solidly rest the full length of each section of underground pipe on the
pipe bed with piping connections to equipment as indicated, or as
required, by the equipment manufacturer.
c.
Provide two swing elbows [or flexible connectors] at each tank
connections to allow for differential settlement. Thoroughly clean the
interior of the pipe of all foreign matter before being lowered into
the trench and keep clean during installation. Do not lay the pipe in
water or when the trench or weather conditions are unsuitable.
d.
Securely close open ends of pipe and fittings so that water, earth, or
other substances cannot enter the pipe or fittings when work is not in
progress. Replace any pipe, fittings, or appurtenances found defective
after installation. Make threaded joints with tapered threads
perfectly tight with joint compound applied to the male threads only.
This requirement does not apply for the gauging hatch or similar
connections directly over the tank where the line terminates in a
fitting within a cast-iron manhole designed to allow for differential
settling.
e.
Weld pipe to structural steel where steel piping is to be anchored to
the structural steel member of the anchor and patch the abraded area
with protective coating or covering as specified. Fit piping passing
through concrete or masonry construction with sleeves of sufficient
length to pass through the entire thickness of the associated
structural member and large enough to provide a minimum clear distance
of 13 mm 1/2 inch between the pipe and sleeve, except where otherwise
indicated. Sleeves through concrete may be 0.912 mm (20 gauge) 20 gauge
metal, fiber, or other approved material. Accurately locate sleeves
on center with the piping and securely fasten in place. Caulk and fill
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 92
the space between the sleeves and the pipe with bituminous plastic
cement or mechanical caulking units designed for such use.
3.7
FIELD PAINTING AND COATING
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where identification of piping is required by
the using service, this paragraph will be amplified
to include appropriate requirements either directly
or by reference to a separate section. Air Force
requirements are covered in AFM 88-15.
**************************************************************************
Except as otherwise specified, prepare, clean and paint ferrous metal as
specified in Section 09 90 00 PAINTS AND COATINGS. Apply protective
coating to buried steel as specified. Paint exposed pipe covering as
specified in Section 09 90 00 PAINTS AND COATINGS. Do not paint aluminum
sheath over insulation.
3.8
3.8.1
MANUFACTURER'S SERVICES
Manufacturer's Representative
Provide the services of a manufacturer's representative who is experienced
in the installation, adjustment, and operation of the equipment specified,
to supervise the installing, adjusting, and testing of the equipment.
3.8.2
Field Training
Conduct a field training course for designated operating staff members.
Submit proposed schedule for field training, at least 2 weeks prior to the
start of related training. Provide training for a total period of [_____]
hours of normal working time, starting after the system is functionally
complete, but prior to final acceptance tests. Provide field training to
cover all of the items contained in the approved operating and maintenance
instructions. Submit operating instructions, prior to the field training
course and [6] [_____] copies of operating instructions outlining the
step-by-step procedures required for system startup, operation, and
shutdown. Include the manufacturer's name, model number, service manual,
parts list, and brief description of all equipment and their basic
operating features in the instructions. Submit maintenance instructions,
prior to the field training course; [6] [_____] complete copies of
maintenance instructions listing routine maintenance procedures, possible
breakdowns and repairs, and troubleshooting guides. Include piping layout,
equipment layout, and simplified wiring and control diagrams of the system
as installed in the instructions.
3.9
TESTS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Before occupancy of a facility inspect the
boilers in accordance with the Code of Boiler and
Pressure Vessel Inspectors (BPVI) and the American
Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Inspectors
must be certified in accordance with BPVI standards.
**************************************************************************
Submit the proposed performance test procedure for required tests, 30 days
prior to the proposed test date, containing a complete description of the
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 93
proposed test, along with calibration curves or test results furnished by
an independent testing laboratory of each instrument, meter, gauge, and
thermometer to be used in the tests. Do not commence the testing until the
procedure has been approved. Submit the complete plan for water treatment,
including proposed chemicals to be used and nationally recognized testing
codes applicable to the system, prior to system startup. Submit all test
reports in booklet form showing all field tests performed to adjust each
component and all field tests performed to prove compliance with the
specified performance criteria, upon completion and testing of the
installed system. Indicate for each test report, the final position of
controls. Include the action settings for all automatic controls in the
form of a typed, tabulated list indicating the type of control, location
setting, and function. Provide a written statement from the manufacturer's
representative certifying that combustion control equipment has been
properly installed and is in proper operating condition, upon completion of
the installation.
3.9.1
Hydrostatic Tests
Following erection, hydrostatically test each HTW generator proving tight
under a gauge pressure of 1.5 times the specified working pressure.
Following the installation of all piping and boiler house equipment, but
before the application of any insulation, perform hydrostatic tests to
prove the system tight under gauge pressures of 1.5 times the specified
working pressure. Conduct tests under the direction of, and subject to,
the approval of the Contracting Officer. Adjust all equipment and controls
before the scheduled operational test. Submit the testing schedule least
15 days before scheduled test.
3.9.1.1
Water Sides Including Fittings and Accessories
Hydrostatically test water sides in accordance with the requirements of
ASME BPVC SEC I and ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1 as applicable. The ASME stamp
will be accepted as evidence of this test.
3.9.1.2
Generator Casing, Air Casings, and Ducts
Pneumatically test air casing and ducts exterior to the generators at the
maximum working pressure using the soap bubble or smoke bomb method to
verify tightness. Test the gas sides of the generators normally operated
under pressure for tightness at 1-1/2 times the predicted operating
pressure in the furnace at maximum predicted output. Tightly seal, by
suitable means blanking off all generator openings, prior to testing.
Admit air to the generator until the test pressure is reached and then
hold. If in a 10-minute period the pressure drop does not exceed 1.2 kPa 5
inches water gauge, the casing is regarded as tight and accepted. Use air
pressure and smoke bomb or comparative CO(2) readings for induced draft
generators.
3.9.1.3
Fuel Oil Test
After the system has been flushed and operationally tested, leak test the
underground portion of the system in accordance with Section 33 56 10
FACTORY-FABRICATED FUEL STORAGE TANKS.
3.9.1.4
Fuel Systems for Oil-Fired HTW Generators
Hydrostatically test the part of the preassembled fuel oil system that is
furnished integrally with the generator at 1.5 times the maximum operating
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 94
pressure. Pneumatically test the part of the preassembled gas system that
is furnished integrally with the generator at operating pressure using the
soap bubble test method to verify tightness of the gas system.
3.9.2
Fire Safety for Oil-Fired HTW Generators
Conduct test as necessary to determine compliance with the applicable UL
safety standards. The presence of the UL label may be accepted as evidence
of compliance in this respect.
3.9.2.1
Oil-Fired Generators
Oil-fired generators must meet the test requirements of UL 726.
3.9.2.2
Oil Burners
Oil burners must meet the test requirements of UL 296.
3.9.3
Capacity and Efficiency Tests
Determine the capacity and efficiency at the specified capacity of the
generator in accordance with the ASME PTC 4 for steam generating units.
Determine the efficiency by the direct input-output method and check with
the loss method computation. Make test runs at the maximum capacity for 4
hours; at the minimum capacity and at 50 percent capacity for 2 hours each,
respectively. Submit est reports and performance curves. Balance the
system within 5 percent of that indicated before any operational tests are
conducted. Make corrections and adjustments as necessary to produce the
required conditions. Use approved methods to measure all rates of flow.
Provide a qualified test engineer, observed by a representative of the
Contracting Officer, to conduct efficiency and general performance tests on
the boilers. Set up, calibrate, test, and ready test apparatus for testing
the boiler before the arrival of the Contracting Officer's representative.
Furnish calibration curves or test results furnished by an independent
testing laboratory for each instrument, meter, gauge, and thermometer to be
used in efficiency and capacity test before the test. Provide a test
report including logs, heat balance calculations, and tabulated results
together with conclusions, [delivered in quadruplicate,] including an
analysis of the fuel being burned on the test. Include in the analysis all
pertinent data tabulated in the ASME PTC 4 abbreviated efficiency test.
Provide and install all necessary temporary piping valves, controls, heat
exchanger, and cooling water provisions to provide a load for testing each
HTW generator. If any system load is available, the Contracting Officer
will provide for loading the heating system for the test, but full-load
capability will probably require a supplementary heat exchanger for the
test.
3.9.4
Operating Tests
After adjustment and achievement of stable operation of the HTW generators,
test each continuously for 12 hours, minimum, to demonstrate control and
operational conformance to the requirements of this specification under
varying load conditions ranging from the specified capacity to the minimum
burner or stoker turndown ratio without on-off cycling. In each case,
cover the periods for the capacities tabulated below:
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 95
Waterwall Watertube Boilers
Time (minimum)
Percent of Capacity
First 2 hours
50
Next 2 hours
75
Next 6 hours*
100
Next 2 hours
110
* The efficiency tests may be conducted either concurrently with the
operating tests or separately at the option of the Contractor.
Efficiency may be no less than that specified.
3.9.5
Test of Fuel Burning Equipment
Test automatic oil burners for capability to provide high temperature water
in accordance with demand when on-off cycling is required. Fuel burning
equipment that exhibits excessive or unexplained loss of ignition, nuisance
shutdown due to faulty burner, stoker, or control operation, improper
flame, excessive carbon deposits or slag, or necessity for difficult or
frequent adjustments must be rejected. Include the following as applicable
to the type of HTW generator.
3.9.5.1
Sequencing
[Start, operate] [Operate,] and stop the HTW generator in accordance with
the specified operating sequence.
3.9.5.2
Flame Safeguard
Verify the operation of the flame safeguard control on oil- or gas-fired
generators by simulated flame and ignition failures. Test burners having
continuous or intermittent pilots by simulating main flame failure while
the pilot is burning. Use a stop watch for the trial-for-pilot ignition,
trial-for-main-flame ignition, combustion control reaction, and valve
closing verified times.
3.9.5.2.1
Immunity to Hot Refractory
Operate the burner at high fire until the combustion chamber refractory
reaches maximum temperature, then close the main fuel valve manually
dropping out the combustion safeguard immediately causing the safety
shutoff valves to close within the specified control reaction and valve
closing times.
3.9.5.2.2
Pilot Intensity Required
Gradually reduce the fuel supply to the pilot flame to the point where the
combustion safeguard begins to drop out (sense "no flame") but holds in
until the main fuel valve opens. At this point of reduced pilot fuel
supply, the pilot flame must be capable of safely igniting the main
burner. If the main fuel valve can be opened on a pilot flame of
insufficient intensity to safely light the main flame, reject the generator.
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 96
3.9.5.2.3
Turndown Ratio
Verify the specified turndown ratio by firing at the minimum firing rate.
3.9.5.2.4
HTW Generator Limit and Fuel Safety Interlocks
Simulate the interlock actuating conditions for each generator limit and
fuel and safety interlock for the safety shutdown. Specify specific manner
in which the safety shutdowns occur.
3.9.5.2.5
Combustion Controls
Demonstrate the accuracy range and smoothness of operation of the
combustion controls by varying the demand throughout the entire firing
range required by the turndown ratio specified for the [burner] [and]
[stoker] and in the case of automatic sequenced burners by further varying
the firing rate to require on-off cycling. Note the control accuracy as
specified.
3.9.5.2.6
Safety Valves
Do not test safety valves on HTW generators under operating conditions.
3.9.5.2.7
Blowdown Valves and Try Cocks
Test blowdown valves and try cocks for proper operation.
3.9.5.2.8
Fans, Heaters, Pumps, and Motors
Test draft fans, fuel oil heaters, fuel pumps, and electric motors when
necessary to determine compliance with the referenced standards. Closely
observe the operation of fans, [fuel oil heaters] [stokers] [fuel pumps]
and electric motors for possible defects or nonconformance.
3.9.6
Test of Water Treatment Equipment
Test of water treatment equipment must meet the requirements specified for
capacity and quality of effluent. Tests for ion-exchange units must cover
at least two complete regenerations and capacity runs.
3.9.7
System Balancing
During operating tests, observe the preliminary system balancing results
and log the flow rates. Where an auxiliary heat exchanger is not required
for the test load, perform final system balancing during the operating
test. Where the auxiliary heat exchanger is required, provide sufficient
temporary piping to shunt the water flow through the various system control
valves to allow an approximate flow balance of the system.
3.10
3.10.1
CLEANING OF HTW GENERATORS AND PIPING
HTW Generator Cleaning
After the hydrostatic tests have been made, and before performance of the
operating tests, thoroughly and effectively clean the boilers of foreign
materials. Wherever possible, wire brush surfaces in contact with water to
remove loose material. The following procedure may be used or an alternate
standard procedure may be submitted for review and approval. Fill HTW
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 97
generators with a solution consisting of the following proportional
ingredients for every 3785 L 1000 gallons of water, and operated at
approximately 210 to 345 kPa 30 to 50 psig for a period of 24 to 48 hours:
a.
Use 11 kg caustic soda 24 lb. caustic soda; 3.6 kg sodium nitrate 8 lb.
sodium nitrate; 11 kg disodium phosphate, anhydrous 24 lb. disodium
phosphate, anhydrous; and 230 g approved wetting agent 1/2 lb. approved
wetting agent.
b.
Thoroughly dissolve chemicals in the above proportions, or as otherwise
approved, in the water before being placed in the HTW generator. After
the specified boiling period, allow the boilers to cool, and then drain
and thoroughly flush. Clean piping by operating the HTW generators for
a period of approximately 48 hours.
3.10.2
HTW Generator Water Conditioning
Provide HTW generator water conditioning including chemicals, chemical
treatment, and blowdown during periods of boiler operation to prevent scale
and corrosion in HTW generators and in supply and return distribution
systems from the initial startup of the system, through the testing period,
and to final acceptance of the completed work, but for at least 30 days of
operation. Use approved chemicals and method of treatment.
3.11
SCHEDULES
TABLE I.
Service
PIPE
Pressure
Material
(kPa) (PSI)
0-41500-600 Black steel (2)
Specification
Type
ASTM A53/A53M
Type E
Grade A
Feedwater piping
0-8600-125
Std. wt. black
steel
ASTM A53/A53M
Type E
Grade A
Cold water piping
0-8600-125
Std. wt.
zinc-coated
ASTM A53/A53M
Type E
Grade A
Water column (1)
0-41500-600 Std. wt. black
steel
ASTM A53/A53M
Type E
Grade A
Vent and exhaust
0-1750-25
Std. wt. black
pipe steel
ASTM A53/A53M
Type E
Grade A
Compressed air
0-8600-125
Std. wt. black
steel
ASTM A53/A53M
Type E
Grade A
Gauge piping
0-1750-25
Copper tubing
ASTM B88MASTM B88
Type K or L
0-41500-600 Black steel (2)
ASTM A53/A53M
Type E
Grade A
0-10500-150 Std. wt. black
steel
ASTM A53/A53M
Type E
Grade A
Boiler feed,
drain lines & HTW
lines
Fuel oil (Nos. 4,
5 & 6
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 98
TABLE I.
Service
Control air
PIPE
Pressure
Material
(kPa) (PSI)
0-10500-150 Copper tubing
Std. wt. black
steel
Note 1: No bending of pipe will be permitted.
connection.
Note 2:
Extra Strong (XS) minimum weight.
TABLE II.
Specification
Type
ASTM B68/B68M
[_____]
ASTM A53/A53M
Type E
Grade A
Provide crosses with pipe plugs at
Conform to ASME B31.1 for wall thickness.
FITTINGS
Service
Size
Title
Materials
Specification
Vent pipe
Under 80 mm
3-inches
80 mm3-inches &
larger
Threaded
Malleable-iron
ASME B16.3
Buttwelded
Steel
ASME B16.9
Compressed air
Under 80 mm
3-inches
Threaded
Zinc-coated
Malleable-iron
ASME B16.3
Exhaust pipe
Under 80 mm
3-inches
Threaded
Zinc-coated
Malleable-iron
ASME B16.3
80 mm3-inches &
larger
Under 80 mm
3-inches
80 mm3-inches &
larger
Buttwelded
Steel
ASME B16.9
Threaded
Malleable-iron
ASME B16.3
Buttwelded
Steel
ASME B16.9
Under 80 mm
3-inches
80 mm3-inches &
larger
Threaded
Malleable-iron
ASME B16.3
Buttwelded
Steel
ASME B16.9
All
Buttwelded
Steel
ASME B16.9
Socket Welded
Steel
ASME B16.11
Flanged with
long radius
elbows
Steel
ASME B16.5
Boiler feed (1)
Feedwater pipe
Drain lines (1)
& HTW lines
Water column
piping (1)
Under 80 mm
3-inches
Threaded
Malleable-iron
ASME B16.3
Gauge pipe
All
Flared or or
soldered
Cast or wrought
bronze
ASME B16.18
ASME B16.26
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 99
TABLE II.
Service
Size
FITTINGS
Title
Materials
Specification
Note 1: Conform to ASME B31.1 for wall thickness except minimum being extra strong
pipe. Match piping requirements.
Note 2: Fuel oil piping and fittings, complying with Section 33 56 10
FACTORY-FABRICATED FUEL STORAGE TANKS.
-- End of Section --
SECTION 23 50 52.00 10
Page 100
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