IOM-076-Manual-psi(CP55EM)

IOM-076-Manual-psi(CP55EM)
Installation,
Operation,
&
Maintenance
Manual
Welker® Constant Pressure Sample
Cylinder with Ellipsoid Mixer
Model
CP55EM
The information in this manual has been carefully checked for accuracy and is intended to be used as a guide for the
installation, operation, and maintenance of the Welker equipment described above. Correct operating and/or installation
techniques, however, are the responsibility of the end user. Welker reserves the right to make changes to this and all products
to improve performance and reliability.
13839 West Bellfort
Sugar Land, Texas 77498-1671
U.S.A.
Tel.: (800) 776-7267
Tel.: (281) 491-2331
Fax: (281) 491-8344
www.welkereng.com
www.proconsystems.com
© Copyright 2009, Welker Inc.
This page intentionally left blank
© Copyright 2009, Welker Inc.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.
GENERAL
4
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 4
Product description ............................................................................................................................... 4
Important information .......................................................................................................................... 5
Specifications ....................................................................................................................................... 6
2.
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
General ................................................................................................................................................. 7
Pre-charging the cylinder ..................................................................................................................... 7
Installation ............................................................................................................................................ 9
Spot sampling from a pressurized source ............................................................................................. 9
Continuous sampling .......................................................................................................................... 10
Preparing the sample .......................................................................................................................... 10
3.
MAINTENANCE
3.1
3.2
3.3
General ............................................................................................................................................... 11
Instructions ......................................................................................................................................... 11
Cylinder cleaning ............................................................................................................................... 13
7
11
Welker, Welker Jet®, and WelkerScope® are Registered Trademarks owned by Welker, Inc.
IOM-076
CP55EM
Last updated: 9/8/2009
Page 3 of 14
Rev: B
INTRODUCTION
1.
GENERAL
1.1 Introduction
We appreciate your business and your choice of Welker products. The installation, operation, and
maintenance liability for this product becomes that of the purchaser at the time of receipt. Reading the
applicable Installation, Operation, and Maintenance (IOM) Manual prior to installation and operation of
this equipment is required for a full understanding of its application and performance prior to use. If you
have any questions, please call 1-800-776-7267 in the USA or 1-281-491-2331.
The following procedures have been written for use with standard Welker parts and equipment.
Assemblies that have been modified may have additional requirements and specifications that are not
listed in this manual.
Notes, Warnings, and Cautions
Notes emphasize information or set it off from the surrounding text.
Caution messages appear before procedures that, if not observed, could
result in damage to equipment.
Warnings alert users to a specific procedure or practice that, if
not followed correctly, could cause personal injury.
1.2 Product description
The Welker Constant Pressure Sample Cylinder is designed for use in systems where it is necessary to
extract and isolate accurate product samples by maintaining a steady pressure from the pipeline to the
cylinder. The device is marked to indicate 80% capacity of the cylinder. A magnetic stud finder is
provided to check the position of the piston inside the cylinder. When the piston reaches this 80% mark,
all sampling should be stopped. A pneumatic supply pre-charges the cylinder with pressure to correspond
with pipeline pressure. Pre-charging allows the sample to be transported through the cylinder without
taking a pressure drop. A piston equipped in the cylinder helps to purge out air and contaminants prior to
taking the sample. During the purge process, the piston is pushed to the end of the cylinder, also
preventing any other possible contaminants from entering. Burst discs and gauges are also included on
each end cap of the device. In the event that the cylinder is overpressurized, the burst discs will rupture,
relieving excess pressure inside the cylinder.
An ellipsoid is included inside the product side of the cylinder and is used for mixing. Due to its light
weight, all mixing should be done slowly to allow the ellipsoid adequate time to travel through the
product.
Adjustable relief valve (optional)
The adjustable relief valve functions as a safety device for the unit. During continuous sampling and
transportation of the cylinder, the relief valve assures that the device maintains a constant pressure and
does not exceed maximum allowable pressure. The valve will relieve any pressure that exceeds the set
pressure.
IOM-076
CP55EM
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Rev: B
INTRODUCTION
1.3 Important information
Please read the following information in its entirety upon receiving the Welker equipment
described above.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
This cylinder does not carry D.O.T. approval at this time.
Never fill a cylinder completely full of hydrocarbon liquid or refrigerated gas. Always allow for at least
20% expansion.
In cases where the cylinders are exposed to varying temperatures, do not allow the cylinder to
exceed the maximum allowable operating pressure indicated in Table 1, below.
Protect the cylinder at all times and handle with care. It is a precision instrument and may contain a
flammable or caustic product as well as a valuable representation of your ’s product.
When analysis is complete, the cylinder should be emptied safely and in a safe area by opening the
product inlet valve, allowing the pre-charge pressure to push the piston to the product end cap, and thus
to empty the cylinder.
Welker recommends cleaning and leak testing of the cylinders after each use.
Because of the design of the cylinder and its seals, the process of emptying the cylinder will
simultaneously wipe the walls of the device clean. The end cap will also be purged clean with the next
use.
The specifications listed in this Section are generalized for this equipment. Welker can modify the
equipment according to your ’s needs. However, please note that the specifications may vary
depending on the customization of your product.
Table 1
Specifications
Products
Gases/Liquids
Materials of
Construction
316 Stainless Steel, Viton , PTFE,
(others available)
Sample Outlet
Connection
1
/4" NPT
(others available)
Sample Inlet
Connection
1
/4" NPT
(others available)
Maximum Allowable
Operating Pressure*
2,160 psi @ -20° F to 100 ° F
(124 bar @ -29° C to 38° C)
Cylinder Volume
1,000 cc, 500cc, 300cc
(others available)
®
* Maximum allowable temperatures and pressures may be lower depending on the specifications of the pipeline connection device.
IOM-076
CP55EM
Last updated: 9/8/2009
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Rev: B
SPECIFICATIONS
1.4 Specifications
Figure 1
Refer to this Figure throughout the installation and operation process.
IOM-076
CP55EM
Last updated: 9/8/2009
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Rev: B
INSTALLATION
2.
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
2.1 General
After unpacking the unit, check it for compliance and for any damages that may have occurred during
shipment.
Claims for damages caused during shipping must be initiated by the receiver and directed to the
shipping carrier. Welker is not responsible for any damages caused from mishandling by the shipping .
When sealing fittings with PTFE tape, refer to the proper sealing instructions for the tape used.
Recommended Tools
It would be advisable to have the following tools available for installation of the
unit. However, tools used will vary depending on model.
•
•
•
•
Flexible hose or tubing
Tubing cutters
6" adjustable wrench
Pipe thread sealant
2.2 Pre-charging the cylinder
The pre-charge gas being used must be compatible with the seals in the cylinder. The relief valves and
gauges must also be adequate for the pressures used when pre-charging.
Pre-charging a constant pressure sample cylinder with a pre-charge gas can be done one of three ways:
2.2.1
Connecting the cylinder pre-charge valve to the pipeline (pressurized gas pipeline only):
a)
Use small diameter stainless steel tubing to connect the pre-charge valve (see Figure 1) to an
available gas pipeline.
b) Make sure all valves are closed on the sample cylinder.
c) Open the pipeline isolation valve.
d) Slowly open the pre-charge valve.
e) Slowly open the product inlet valve. The piston will begin to move.
Always open all valves slowly to avoid slamming the piston from one end to the other. Slamming
the piston can result in damage to the mag ring (see Figure 1).
f) The pre-charge gauge should begin to read pressure and will eventually reach pipeline pressure.
g) Once the piston has reached the end of the cylinder, close all valves on the sample cylinder and
close the pipeline valve.
h) Disconnect the sample cylinder from the gas supply.
i) Check for leaks.
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Rev: B
INSTALLATION
2.2.2
Connecting the pre-charge valve to the return port on a sampler probe:
a) Install a valve into the return port of the sampler probe.
b) Make sure all valves are closed on the sample cylinder.
c) Use small diameter stainless steel tubing to connect the cylinder’s pre-charge valve to the valve on
the return port of the probe (see Figure 2).
*Not shown to scale
Figure 2
d) Open the valve on the return port of the sample probe.
e) Slowly open the pre-charge valve. The pre-charge gauge should begin to read pressure and will
eventually read the sampler pressure.
f) Once the piston has reached the end of the cylinder, close all valves on the sample cylinder and
close the return port valve.
g) Disconnect the sample cylinder from the return port of the probe.
h) Check for leaks.
2.2.3
Using an auxiliary pre-charge gas:
When using an auxiliary gas, the pre-charge side of the cylinder should be pressurized with a regulated
gas supply (i.e., nitrogen or helium) and set 50-100 psi above pipeline operating pressure, not to
exceed the maximum allowable pressure of the device. An adjustable relief valve may be required if
this method is used (see step 1 of Section 2.3).
a) Make sure all valves on the sample cylinder are closed.
b) Use small diameter stainless steel tubing to connect the pre-charge valve to the regulated auxiliary
gas supply.
c) Slowly open the valve on gas supply.
d) Slowly open the pre-charge valve.
e) Open the product inlet valve on the product end cap. The piston will begin to move.
f) The pre-charge gauge should begin to read pressure and will eventually read the designated
pressure.
g) Once the piston has reached the end of the cylinder, close all valves on the sample cylinder and on
the gas supply.
h) Disconnect the sample cylinder from the gas supply.
i) Check for leaks.
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CP55EM
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Rev: B
INSTALLATION
2.3 Installation
There are two ends to the cylinder, separated internally by a floating piston. One end is marked
PRODUCT INLET; the other is the pre-charge end.
2.3.1
2.3.2
If your cylinder is equipped with an adjustable relief valve: set the valve at least 50-100 psi above
pipeline pressure, not to exceed the maximum allowable working pressure indicated in Table 1 (refer to
IO&M for relief valve).
Connect the product inlet to the sample point (i.e., probe or sampler).
2.4 Spot sampling from a pressurized source
Refer to GPA-2166 (Gas Processors Association) and API 14.1 (American Petroleum Institute) sampling
standards for guidance.
2.4.1
After pre-charging the cylinder above pipeline pressure (see Section 2.2), connect the product inlet end of
the cylinder to the probe outlet port (see Figure 3).
*Not shown to scale
Figure 3
2.4.2
2.4.3
2.4.4
Slowly open the probe outlet valve.
Slowly open the product inlet valve on the product end cap. The piston will not yet move because precharge pressure is above pipeline pressure.
With the sampler valve and product valve fully open, slowly open the pre-charge valve to relieve precharge pressure. This will allow the sampled product to enter the cylinder and push against the piston.
Thus, no pressure loss is encountered.
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CP55EM
Last updated: 9/8/2009
Page 9 of 14
Rev: B
INSTALLATION
Relieving the pre-charge too quickly can result in a pressure drop and an inaccurate sample. A bleed
plug can be installed on the pre-charge valve to regulate the relieving rate.
2.4.5
2.4.6
2.4.7
When the desired amount of sample is extracted, close all valves on the cylinder.
Close the probe outlet valve.
Carefully disconnect the cylinder from the probe, allowing the trapped product between the probe
outlet valve and the product inlet valve to vent.
2.5 Continuous sampling
Before the sampling process, if applicable, open the purge valve for approximately 3-5 seconds to
purge trapped air and residue and then close the valve. Welker recommends plugging the purge valve
when not in use.
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.4
Pre-charge the sample cylinder (see Section 2.2), and connect the product inlet end of the cylinder to
the sampler outlet port (see Figure 3).
Open the sample outlet valve (see Figure 3).
Slowly open the product valve on the product end cap. The piston will not yet move because precharge pressure is above pipeline pressure.
Slowly open the pre-charge valve.
The automatic sampler will push product into the cylinder, causing the piston to move.
2.5.4
2.5.5
2.5.6
2.5.7
Turn the sampler off when the cylinder is at 80% capacity. This allows a 20% margin for possible
expansion due to temperature changes.
When the desired amount of sample is extracted, close all valves on the cylinder.
Close the sampler outlet valve.
Carefully disconnect the cylinder from the sampler, allowing the trapped product between the
sampler outlet valve and the product inlet valve to vent.
2.6 Preparing the sample
2.6.1
2.6.2
2.6.3
2.6.4
2.6.5
Plug or cap all valves on the cylinder.
Record pressure, locations, etc., on the information tag according to policy.
Check all fittings for leaks.
Place the cylinder into a carrying case to provide maximum protection in transportation. Check
with your for transportation procedures and requirements.
When mixing the cylinder’s contents, tilt the device back and forth slowly to allow the ellipsoid
adequate time to move through the product.
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CP55EM
Last updated: 9/8/2009
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Rev: B
MAINTENANCE
3.
MAINTENANCE
3.1 General
Prior to maintenance or disassembly of the unit, it is advisable to have a repair kit handy for the system in case of
unexpected wear or faulty seals. All maintenance and cleaning of the unit should be done on a smooth, clean
surface.
We recommend that the unit have annual maintenance under normal operating conditions. In the case
of severe service, dirty conditions, excessive cycling usage, or other unique applications that may
subject the equipment to unpredictable circumstances, a more frequent maintenance schedule may be
appropriate.
FIGURE 4
Refer to the above Figure throughout the entire maintenance process.
Recommended Tools
It would be advisable to have the following tools available for
maintenance of the unit. However, tools used will vary
depending on cylinder model.
•
•
•
•
Allen wrench
6" adjustable wrench
Torque wrench
Pipe thread lubrication and sealant
3.2 Instructions
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.5
Relieve pressure from the product and pre-charge ends of the cylinder.
Unscrew the pre-charge end cap (Part 2) from the cylinder.
Unscrew the product end cap (Part 10) from the cylinder.
Push the piston (Part 4) out of the cylinder and remove the ellipsoid (Part 8).
Replace the O-ring (Parts 3 and 9) in each end cap.
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CP55EM
Last updated: 9/8/2009
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Rev: B
MAINTENANCE
Do not dig into the metal surfaces of the parts when removing O-rings from the O-ring grooves.
Scratching the sealing surface can result in a leak. If necessary, dig into the O-ring, and replace it
during reassembly. If the sealing surface becomes damaged, use a 600-grit wet sand paper strip to
smooth the surface, and then clean it. Check the ball bearing for any signs of wear or damage. Replace
if necessary.
New seals supplied in spare parts kits are not lubricated. All seals should be lightly coated with
Krytox® lubrication grease before they are installed into the equipment. Other lubrication greases can
be used, although they risk contaminating the sample. After the seals are installed, additional
lubrication can be applied to the shaft or cylinder inner diameters to allow a smooth transition of the
parts. While lubrication should be thorough, only a minimal amount should be applied. Wipe excess
lubrication from the seals, as it may have an adverse effect on sampling.
3.2.6
3.2.8
Replace the backups (Parts 5 and 7) and O-ring (Part 6) in the piston.
Replace the burst disc (Part 1) if either one of them has ruptured.
a) Insert the clear seal.
b) Insert the rupture disc after the clear seal. The dome should face out.
c) Torque the bursting relief caps to the proper specification (see Table 2).
Burst discs should be replaced after 6-10 cylinder fillings or at least once a year. While the discs do
help to maintain the product, they are designed as a safety device to prevent overpressurization of the
cylinder.
Table 2
3.2.9
3.2.10
3.2.11
If there is an adjustable relief valve on either end cap, remove it and replace all seals within the part
(refer to IO&M for adjustable relief valve).
Wipe down the inside of cylinder and dry carefully (also see Section 3.3).
Closely examine the honed surface of the cylinder. Scratches and pits will cause the seals to leak.
IOM-076
CP55EM
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Page 12 of 14
Rev: B
MAINTENANCE
The following are causes to return the device to the manufacturer:
•
Scratches or pitting that cause migration of gas from one side to the other.
•
Any damage to outside cylinder shell that may compromise the cylinder wall thickness.
3.2.11
3.2.12
3.2.13
3.2.14
3.2.15
3.2.16
Reinsert the piston into the cylinder.
Reinsert the ellipsoid. The ellipsoid should be on the product inlet side of the cylinder.
Tighten the pre-charge end cap back onto the cylinder.
Tighten the product end cap back onto the cylinder.
Pressure up cylinder at one end with an inert gas supply and test for leaks. Repeat the process from the
opposite end.
Examine the gauges and valves for leaks. If damaged, replace the seals on the valves (refer to IO&M for
valves). Replace the gauges if they are damaged or are reading incorrectly.
Welker recommends using helium to test for leaks.
3.3 Cylinder cleaning
Regular cleaning of constant pressure sample cylinders is essential for the proper functioning of the device. Solvent
cleaning is normally done during scheduled maintenance; however, some companies require this before each cylinder
is put into service. Any debris or residue that is not removed from a cylinder will contaminate the results of the next
sample extracted into the cylinder. Welker recommends cleaning and leak testing of the cylinders after each use.
Cleaning a constant pressure sample cylinder can be done one of three ways:
3.3.1
Purging with helium
a)
Fill and empty the cylinder with helium repeatedly.
b)
Take a sample of the helium to test for trace amounts of hydrocarbons.
If hydrocarbons are present in the analysis, the system has not been adequately cleaned, and further purging
will be necessary. If hydrocarbons or contaminants remain present, a solvent cleaning may be required (see
step 3.5.3). After cleaning with solvent, purge with helium to remove the solvent and analyze the helium to
verify the solvent and hydrocarbons have been removed.
c)
d)
3.3.2
If no hydrocarbons are found, cleaning is complete.
Repeat step 15 of Section 3.2.
Purging with new product
a)
Purge the cylinder using the product to be sampled. This can be accomplished each time the cylinder
is put into service.
b)
Repeat step 15 of Section 3.2.
This method is acceptable only if the cylinder will be used in one location.
3.3.3
Cleaning with solvent
a)
Fill and empty the cylinder repeatedly with solvent.
b)
Use an inert gas to dry and purge the cylinder.
c)
Use method 3.3.1 to verify the system is free of contaminants.
d)
Repeat step 15 of Section 3.2.
IOM-076
CP55EM
Last updated: 9/8/2009
Page 13 of 14
Rev: B
13839 West Bellfort, Sugar Land, Texas 77498-1671
Phone: (281) 491-2331
Fax: (281) 491-8344
Toll Free: (800) 776-7267
Web Page: www.welkereng.com
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