E-Z-GO Cushman Owner`s manual

E-Z-GO Cushman Owner`s manual
612485
A Textron Company
OWNER’S MANUAL
AND SERVICE GUIDE
ELECTRIC POWERED THREE WHEEL
SERVICE VEHICLE
ISSUED JULY 2009
SAFETY
Read and understand all labels located on the vehicle. For any questions on any of the information, contact a representative for clarification.
Always replace any damaged or missing labels.
On steep hills it is possible for vehicles to coast at greater than normal speeds encountered on a flat surface. To prevent loss of vehicle control and possible serious injury, speeds should be limited to no more than the maximum speed
on level ground. (See vehicle specification.) Limit speed by applying the service brake.
Catastrophic damage to the drive train components due to excessive speed may result from driving the vehicle above
specified speed. Damage caused by excessive speed may cause a loss of vehicle control, is costly, is considered
abuse and will not be covered under warranty.
If the vehicle is to be used in a commercial environment, signs similar to the ones illustrated should be used to warn of
situations that could result in an unsafe condition.
BATTERY WARNING
Battery posts,
terminals and related
accessories contain
lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known
to cause cancer and
reproductive harm.
WASH HANDS
AFTER HANDLING!
BATTERIES
CONTAIN LEAD
AND RELATED PARTS
WASH HANDS
AFTER HANDLING!
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to cause cancer and reproductive harm.
Be sure that this manual remains as part of the permanent service record should the vehicle be resold.
NOTES, CAUTIONS AND WARNINGS
Throughout this guide NOTE, CAUTION and WARNING
will be used.
NOTICE
Please observe these NOTES, CAUTIONS and WARNINGS; be aware that servicing a vehicle requires
mechanical skill and a regard for conditions that could be
hazardous. Improper service or repair may damage the
vehicle or render it unsafe.
A NOTE indicates a condition that should be observed.
A CAUTION indicates a condition that may result in
damage to the vehicle.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds.
Wash hands after handling.
A WARNING indicates a hazardous
condition that could result in severe injury or
death.
(NOTES, CAUTIONS AND WARNINGS CONTINUED ON INSIDE OF BACK COVER)
OWNER’S MANUAL
AND SERVICE GUIDE
ELECTRIC POWERED
THREE WHEEL
SERVICE VEHICLE
VEHICLES
CUSHMAN INDUSTRIAL 640
CUSHMAN STOCK CHASER
Starting Model Year 2009
The CUSHMAN Division of Textron Inc. reserves the right to incorporate engineering and design changes to products in this Manual, without obligation to include
these changes on units leased/sold previously.
The information contained in this Manual may be revised periodically by the CUSHMAN Division, and therefore is subject to change without notice.
The CUSHMAN Division DISCLAIMS LIABLITY FOR ERRORS IN THIS MANUAL, and the CUSHMAN Division SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS LIABILITY FOR
INCIDENTAL AND CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES resulting from the use of the information and materials in this Manual.
TO CONTACT US
NORTH AMERICA:
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE & WARRANTY PHONE: 1-800-774-3946, FAX: 1-800-448-8124
SERVICE PARTS PHONE: 1-888-GET-CUSHMAN (1-888-438-3946), FAX: 1-800-752-6175
INTERNATIONAL:
PHONE: 010-1-706-798-4311, FAX: 010-1-706-771-4609
TEXTRON GOLF, TURF & SPECIALTY PRODUCTS
1451 MARVIN GRIFFIN ROAD, AUGUSTA, GEORGIA USA 30906-3852
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page i
NOTES
To obtain a copy of the limited warranty applicable to the vehicle, call or write a local
Distributor, an authorized Branch or the Warranty Department with vehicle serial number
and manufacturer code.
The use of non Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) parts may void the warranty.
Overfilling of batteries may void the warranty.
BATTERY PROLONGED STORAGE
All batteries will self discharge over time. The rate of self discharge varies depending on the
ambient temperature and the age and condition of the batteries.
A fully charged battery will not freeze in winter temperatures unless the temperature falls
below -75° F (-60° C).
For winter storage, the batteries must be clean, fully charged and disconnected from any
source of electrical drain, such as the battery charger. Disconnect the battery charger cable
from the vehicle batteries when not charging.
As with all electric vehicles, the batteries must be checked and recharged as required or at a
minimum of 30 day intervals.
Refer to the ‘Prolonged Storage’ section within the BATTERIES AND CHARGING section of
this manual.
Page ii
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY .................................................................................................................. Inside Covers
NOTES .........................................................................................................................................ii
SAFETY INFORMATION ............................................................................................................ v
BEFORE INITIAL USE ............................................................................................................... 1
Fig. 1 Initial Service Chart ...................................................................................................................... 1
On Board Charger ............................................................................................................................................... 1
Portable Charger Installation (if equipped) .......................................................................................................... 1
Fig. 2 Charger Installation ...................................................................................................................... 2
Lift Out Battery Trays (if equipped) ...................................................................................................................... 2
Fig. 3 Charger Distribution Harness ......................................................................................................3
SERIAL PLATE LOCATION ....................................................................................................... 3
Fig. 4 Serial Plate Location .................................................................................................................... 3
CONTROLS AND METERS ....................................................................................................... 3
Key Switch ........................................................................................................................................................... 3
Fig. 5 Controls and Meters .................................................................................................................... 3
Direction Selector ................................................................................................................................................4
State of Charge Meter ......................................................................................................................................... 4
Hour Meter ........................................................................................................................................................... 4
Horn .....................................................................................................................................................................4
Accelerator and Brake Combination .................................................................................................................... 4
Fig. 6 Combination Accelerator and Brake Pedal .................................................................................. 4
Headlights and Taillight ....................................................................................................................................... 5
BEFORE ENTERING VEHICLE ................................................................................................. 5
OPERATING THE VEHICLE ...................................................................................................... 5
STARTING THE VEHICLE ......................................................................................................... 6
COASTING ................................................................................................................................. 6
SERVICING THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE .................................................................................... 6
TOWING ..................................................................................................................................... 7
LIFTING THE VEHICLE ............................................................................................................. 7
Fig. 7 Lifting the Vehicle ........................................................................................................................ 7
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................................ 7
Fig. 8 Lubrication Points ........................................................................................................................ 8
REAR AXLE ............................................................................................................................... 8
Checking the Lubricant Level .............................................................................................................................. 8
Fig. 9 Rear Axle Lubricant Check and Fill ............................................................................................. 8
BRAKES ..................................................................................................................................... 9
Test Method ......................................................................................................................................................... 9
Fig. 10 Periodic Brake Performance Test .............................................................................................. 9
TIRES ....................................................................................................................................... 10
Tire Repair ......................................................................................................................................................... 10
Wheel Installation ..............................................................................................................................................10
Fig. 11 Wheel Installation .................................................................................................................... 11
LIGHT BULB REPLACEMENT ................................................................................................ 11
CARE AND CLEANING OF THE VEHICLE ............................................................................. 11
TRAILERING ............................................................................................................................ 11
HARDWARE ............................................................................................................................ 11
Fig. 12 Bolt Grades .............................................................................................................................. 12
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................. 12
Fig. 13 Torque Specifications .............................................................................................................. 12
PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE .......................................................................................... 13
Fig. 14 Periodic Service Schedule ...................................................................................................... 13
BATTERIES AND CHARGING ................................................................................................. 14
Safety ................................................................................................................................................................ 14
BATTERY ................................................................................................................................. 14
BATTERY MAINTENANCE ...................................................................................................... 14
At Each Charging Cycle .................................................................................................................................... 15
Monthly ............................................................................................................................................................. 15
Electrolyte Level and Water .............................................................................................................................. 15
Fig. 15 Correct Electrolyte Level ......................................................................................................... 15
Fig. 16 Water Purity Table .................................................................................................................. 15
Cleaning Batteries ............................................................................................................................................. 16
Fig. 17 Automatic Watering Gun ......................................................................................................... 16
Fig. 18 Preparing Acid Neutralizing Solution ....................................................................................... 16
Battery Replacement ........................................................................................................................................ 17
Fig. 19 Battery Connections ................................................................................................................ 17
Prolonged Storage ............................................................................................................................................ 17
Fig. 20 Freezing Point of Electrolyte ................................................................................................... 20
Battery Charging ............................................................................................................................................... 18
AC Voltage ........................................................................................................................................................ 18
TROUBLESHOOTING .............................................................................................................. 19
Hydrometer ....................................................................................................................................................... 19
Fig. 21 Hydrometer ............................................................................................................................. 19
Using A Hydrometer .......................................................................................................................................... 19
Fig. 22 Hydrometer Temperature Correction ...................................................................................... 20
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS...................................................................................................21
ELECTRIC POWERED THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE.......................................................................... 22
Fig. 23 Vehicle Dimensions and Incline Specifications ......................................................................... 23
Fig. 24 Vehicle Turning Clearance Diameter and Intersecting Aisle Clearance ................................... 24
Page iv
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
This manual has been designed to assist the owner-operator in maintaining the vehicle in accordance with procedures
developed by the manufacturer. Adherence to these procedures and troubleshooting tips will ensure the best possible
service from the product. To reduce the chance of personal injury and/or property damage, the following instructions
must be carefully observed:
Certain replacement parts can be used independently and/or in combination with other accessories to modify an
CUSHMAN-manufactured vehicle to permit the vehicle to operate at or in excess of 20mph. When an CUSHMAN-manufactured vehicle is modified an any way by the Distributor, Dealer or customer to operate at or in excess of 20mph,
UNDER FERERAL LAW the modified product will be a Low Speed Vehicle (LSV) subject to the strictures and requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 571.500. In these instances, pursuant to Federal law the Distributor or
Dealer MUST equip the product with headlights, rear lights, turn signals, seat belts, top, horn and all other modifications for LSV’s mandated in FMVSS 571.500, and affix a Vehicle Identification Number to the product in accordance
with the requirements of FMVSS 571.565. Pursuant to FMVSS 571.500, and in accordance with the State laws applicable in the places of sale and use of the product, the Distributor, Dealer or customer modifying the vehicle also will be
the Final Vehicle Manufacturer for the LSV, and required to title or register the vehicle as mandated by State law.
CUSHMAN will NOT approve Distributor, Dealer or customer modifications converting CUSHMAN products into LSV’s.
The Company, in addition, recommends that all CUSHMAN products sold as personal transportation vehicles BE
OPERATED ONLY BY PERSONS WITH VALID DRIVERS LICENSES, AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE
STATE REQUIREMENTS. This restriction is important to the SAFE USE AND OPERATION of the product. On behalf
of CUSHMAN, I am directing that CUSHMAN Branch personnel, Distributors and Dealers advise all customers to
adhere to this SAFETY RESTRICTION, in connection with the use of all products, new and used, the Distributor or
Dealer has reason to believe may be operated in personal transportation applications.
Information on FMVSS 571.500 can be obtained at Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500, or
through the Internet at the website for the U.S. Department of Transportation - at Dockets and Regulation, then to Title
49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (Transportation).
GENERAL
Many vehicles are used for a variety of tasks beyond the original intended use of the vehicle; therefore it is impossible
to anticipate and warn against every possible combination of circumstances that may occur. No warnings can take the
place of good common sense and prudent driving practices.
Good common sense and prudent driving practices do more to prevent accidents and injury than all of the warnings
and instructions combined. The manufacturer strongly suggests that the owner-operator read this entire manual paying
particular attention to the CAUTIONS and WARNINGS contained therein. It is further recommended that employees
and other operators be encouraged to do the same.
If you have any questions, contact your closest representative or write to the address on the back cover of this publication, Attention: Product Service Department.
TEXTRON Golf, Turf & Specialty Products reserves the right to make design changes without obligation to make these
changes on units previously sold and the information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice.
TEXTRON Golf, Turf & Specialty Products is not liable for errors in this manual or for incidental or consequential damages that result from the use of the material in this manual.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page v
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
This vehicle conforms to the current applicable standard for safety and performance requirements.
These vehicles do not conform to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and are not equipped for operation on public
streets.
With electric powered vehicles, be sure that all electrical accessories are grounded directly to the battery (-) post.
Never use the chassis or body as a ground connection.
Refer to GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS for vehicle seating capacity.
Never modify the vehicle in any way that will alter the weight distribution of the vehicle, decrease its stability
or increase the speed beyond the factory specification. Such modifications can cause serious personal injury
or death. Modifications that increase the speed and/or weight of the vehicle will extend the stopping distance and may
reduce the stability of the vehicle. Do not make any such modifications or changes. The manufacturer prohibits and
disclaims responsibility for any such modifications or any other alteration which would adversely affect the safety of the
vehicle.
GENERAL OPERATION
Always use the vehicle in a responsible manner and maintain the vehicle in safe operating condition.
Always read and observe all warnings and operation instruction labels affixed to the vehicle.
Always follow all safety rules established in the area where the vehicle is being operated.
Always reduce speed to compensate for poor terrain or conditions.
Always apply service brake to control speed on steep grades.
Always maintain adequate distance between vehicles.
Always reduce speed in wet areas.
Always use extreme caution when approaching sharp or blind turns.
Always use extreme caution when driving over loose terrain.
Always use extreme caution in areas where pedestrians are present.
MAINTENANCE
Always maintain your vehicle in accordance with the manufacturer’s periodic service schedule.
Always ensure that mechanics performing repairs are trained and qualified to do so.
Always follow the manufacturer’s directions if you do any maintenance on your vehicle. Be sure to disable the vehicle
before performing any maintenance. Disabling includes removing the key from the key switch and removal of a battery
wire.
Always insulate any tools used within the battery area in order to prevent sparks or battery explosion caused by shorting the battery terminals or associated wiring. Remove the batteries or cover exposed terminals with an insulating
material.
Page vi
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
Always check the polarity of each battery terminal and be sure to rewire the batteries correctly.
Always use specified replacement parts. Never use replacement parts of lesser quality.
Always use recommended tools.
Always determine that tools and procedures not specifically recommended by the manufacturer will not compromise
the safety of personnel nor jeopardize the safe operation of the vehicle.
Always support the vehicle using wheel chocks and safety stands. Never get under a vehicle that is supported by a
jack. Lift the vehicle in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Never attempt to maintain a vehicle in an area where exposed flame is present or persons are smoking.
Always be aware that a vehicle that is not performing as designed is a potential hazard and must not be operated.
The manufacturer cannot anticipate all situations, therefore people attempting to maintain or repair the vehicle must
have the skill and experience to recognize and protect themselves from potential situations that could result in severe
personal injury or death and damage to the vehicle. Use extreme caution and, if unsure as to the potential for injury,
refer the repair or maintenance to a qualified mechanic.
Always test drive the vehicle after any repairs or maintenance. All tests must be conducted in a safe area that is free of
both vehicular and pedestrian traffic.
Always replace damaged or missing warning, caution or information labels.
Always keep complete records of the maintenance history of the vehicle.
VENTILATION
Hydrogen gas is generated in the charging cycle of batteries and is explosive in concentrations as low as 4%. Because
hydrogen gas is lighter than air, it will collect in the ceiling of buildings necessitating proper ventilation. Five air
exchanges per hour is considered the minimum requirement.
Never charge a vehicle in an area that is subject to flame or spark. Pay particular attention to natural gas or propane
gas water heaters and furnaces.
Always use a dedicated circuit for each battery charger. Do not permit other appliances to be plugged into the receptacle when the charger is in operation.
Chargers must be installed and operated in accordance with charger manufacturers recommendations or applicable
electrical code (whichever is more restrictive).
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page vii
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
NOTES:
Page viii
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
GENERAL
The following text is provided as recommended by part II
of ASME/ANSI B56.8-1988. CUSHMAN strongly
endorses the contents of this specification.
manual without the manufacturer’s prior written authorization. Where authorized modifications have been made,
the user shall ensure that capacity, operation, warning,
and maintenance instruction plates, tags, or decals are
changed accordingly.
PART II
FOR THE USER
4.3.3 As required under paras. 4.3.1 or 4.3.2, the
manufacturer shall be contacted to secure new nameplates, warnings, or instructions which shall then be
affixed in their proper place on the carrier.
4 GENERAL SAFETY PRACTICES
4.4
4.1
Introduction
4.1.1 Like other machines, carriers can cause injury
if improperly used or maintained. Part II contains broad
safety practices applicable to carrier operations. Before
operation, the user shall establish such additional specific safety practices as may reasonably be required for
safe operation.
4.2
Stability
4.2.1
Experience has shown that this vehicle, which
complies with this standard, is stable when properly
operated and when operated in accordance with specific
safety rules and practices established to meet actual
operating terrain and conditions. However, improper
operation, faulty maintenance, or poor housekeeping
may contribute to a condition of instability and defeat the
purpose of the standard. Some of the conditions which
may affect stability are failure of the user to follow safety
practices; also, ground and floor conditions, grade,
speed, loading, the operation of the carrier with improper
loads, battery weight, dynamic and static forces, and the
judgement exercised by the carrier operator.
(a) The user shall train carrier operators to adhere
strictly to the operating instructions stated in this Standard.
(b) The user shall survey specific operating conditions
and environment, and establish and train carrier operators to comply with additional, specific safety practices.
4.3
Nameplates, Markings, Capacity, and Modifications
4.3.1 The user shall maintain in a legible condition
all nameplates, warnings, and instructions which are
supplied by the manufacturer.
4.3.2 The user shall not perform any modification or
addition which affects capacity or safe operation, or
make any change not in accordance with the owner’s
Fuel Handling and Storage
4.4.1 The user shall supervise the storage and handling of liquid fuels (when used) to be certain that it is in
accordance with appropriate paragraphs of ANSI/NFPA
505 and ANSI/NFPA 30.
4.4.2 Storage and handling of liquefied petroleum
gas fuels shall be in accordance with appropriate paragraphs of ANSI/NFPA 505 and ANSI/NFPA 58. If such
storage or handling is not in compliance with these standards, the user shall prevent the carrier from being used
until such storage and handling is in compliance with
these standards.
4.5
Changing and Charging Storage Batteries for
Electric Personnel and Burden Carriers
4.5.1 The user shall require battery changing and
charging facilities and procedures to be in accordance
with appropriate paragraphs of ANSI/NFPA 505.
4.5.2 The user shall periodically inspect facilities
and review procedures to be certain that appropriate
paragraphs of ANSI/NFPA 505, are strictly complied with,
and shall familiarize carrier operators with it.
4.6
Hazardous Locations
4.6.1 The user shall determine the hazard classification of the particular atmosphere or location in which
the carrier is to be used in accordance with ANSI/NFPA
505.
4.6.2 The user shall permit in hazardous areas only
those carriers approved and of the type required by
ANSI/NFPA 505.
4.7
Lighting for Operating Areas
4.7.1 The user, in accordance with his responsibility
to survey the environment and operating conditions, shall
determine if the carrier requires lights and, if so, shall
equip the carrier with appropriate lights in accordance
with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page ix
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
4.8
Control of Noxious Gases and Fumes
turer;
4.8.1 When equipment powered by internal combustion engines is used in enclosed areas, the atmosphere shall be maintained within limits specified in the
American Conference of Governmental Industrial
Hygienists publication, “Threshold Limit Values for
Chemical Substances and Physical Agents in the Workroom Environment”. This shall be accomplished by ventilation provided by the user, and/or the installation, use,
and proper maintenance of emission control equipment
recommended or provided by the manufacturer of the
equipment.
(b) emphasis on safety of passengers, material loads,
carrier operator, and other employees;
4.9
(e) operational performance tests and evaluations during, and at completion of, the program.
Warning Device(s)
4.9.1 The user shall make periodic inspections of
the carrier to be certain that the sound-producing and/or
visual device(s) are maintained in good operating condition.
(c) general safety rules contained within this Standard
and the additional specific rules determined by the user
in accordance with this Standard, and why they were formulated;
(d) introduction of equipment, control locations and
functions, and explanation of how they work when used
properly and when used improperly, and surface conditions, grade, and other conditions of the environment in
which the carrier is to be operated;
5.3
Personnel and Burden Carrier Operator
Responsibility
4.9.2 The user shall determine if operating conditions require the carrier to be equipped with additional
sound-producing and/or visual devices and be responsible for providing and maintaining such devices, in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
5.3.1 Operators shall abide by the following safety
rules and practices in paras. 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, and 5.7.
5 OPERATING SAFETY RULES AND
PRACTICES
5.4.2 Riding on the carrier by persons other than the
operator is authorized only on personnel seat(s) provided
by the manufacturer. All parts of the body shall remain
within the plan view outline of the carrier.
5.1
Personnel and Burden Carrier Operator
Qualifications
5.1.1 Only persons who are trained in the proper
operation of the carrier shall be authorized to operate the
carrier. Operators shall be qualified as to visual, auditory,
physical, and mental ability to safely operate the equipment according to Section 5 and all other applicable
parts of this Standard.
5.2
Personnel and Burden Carrier Operators’
Training
5.2.1 The user shall conduct an operators’ training
program.
5.2.2 Successful completion of the operators’ training program shall be required by the user before operation of the carrier. The program shall be presented in its
entirety to all new operators and not condensed for those
claiming previous experience.
5.2.3 The user should include in the operators’ training program the following:
(a)
Page x
instructional material provided by the manufac-
5.4
General
5.4.1 Safeguard the pedestrians at all times. Do not
drive carrier in a manner that would endanger anyone.
5.4.3 When a carrier is to be left unattended, stop
carrier, apply the parking brake, stop the engine or turn
off power, turn off the control or ignition circuit, and
remove the key if provided. Block the wheels if machine
is on an incline.
5.4.4 A carrier is considered unattended when the
operator is 25 ft. (7.6 m) or more from the carrier which
remains in his view, or whenever the operator leaves the
carrier and it is not within his view. When the operator is
dismounted and within 25 ft. (7.6 m) of the carrier still in
his view, he still must have controls neutralized, and the
parking brake(s) set to prevent movement.
5.4.5 Maintain a safe distance from the edge of
ramps and platforms.
5.4.6 Use only approved carriers in hazardous locations, as defined in the appropriate safety standards.
5.4.7 Report all accidents involving personnel,
building structures, and equipment.
5.4.8
rier.
Operators shall not add to, or modify, the car-
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
5.4.9 Carriers shall not be parked or left unattended
such that they block or obstruct fire aisles, access to
stairways, or fire equipment.
5.5
Traveling
5.5.1 Observe all traffic regulations, including authorized speed limits. Under normal traffic conditions keep
to the right. Maintain a safe distance, based on speed of
travel, from a carrier or vehicle ahead; and keep the carrier under control at all times.
5.5.2 Yield the right of way to pedestrians, ambulances, fire trucks, or other carriers or vehicles in emergency situations.
5.5.3 Do not pass another carrier or vehicle traveling in the same direction at intersections, blind spots, or
at other dangerous locations.
5.5.4 Keep a clear view of the path of travel,
observe other traffic and personnel, and maintain a safe
clearance.
5.5.5 Slow down or stop, as conditions dictate, and
activate the sound-producing warning device at cross
aisles and when visibility is obstructed at other locations.
5.5.6
Ascend or descend grades slowly.
5.5.7 Avoid turning, if possible, and use extreme
caution on grades, ramps, or inclines; normally travel
straight up and down.
5.5.8 Under all travel conditions the carrier shall be
operated at a speed that will permit it to be brought to a
stop in a safe manner.
smooth, sweeping motion.
5.6
Loading
5.6.1 Handle only stable and safely arranged loads.
When handling off-center loads which cannot be centered, operate with extra caution.
5.6.2 Handle only loads within the capacity of the
carrier as specified on the nameplate.
5.6.3 Handle loads exceeding the dimensions used
to establish carrier capacity with extra caution. Stability
and maneuverability may be adversely affected.
5.7
Operator Care of Personnel and Burden
Carriers
5.7.1 At the beginning of each shift during which the
carrier will be used, the operator shall check the carrier
condition and inspect the tires, warning devices, lights,
battery(s), speed and directional controllers, brakes, and
steering mechanism. If the carrier is found to be in need
of repair, or in any way unsafe, the matter shall be
reported immediately to the designated authority and the
carrier shall not be operated until it has been restored to
safe operating condition.
5.7.2 If during operation the carrier becomes unsafe
in any way, the matter shall be reported immediately to
the designated authority, and the carrier shall not be
operated until it has been restored to safe operating condition.
5.7.3 Do not make repairs or adjustments unless
specifically authorized to do so.
5.5.9 Make starts, stops, turns, or direction reversals in a smooth manner so as not to shift the load,
endanger passengers, or overturn the carrier.
5.7.4 The engine shall be stopped and the operator
shall leave the carrier while refueling.
5.5.10 Do not indulge in dangerous activities, such as
stunt driving or horseplay.
5.7.5 Spillage of oil or fuel shall be carefully and
completely absorbed or evaporated and fuel tank cap
replaced before starting engine.
5.5.11 Slow down when approaching, or on, wet or
slippery surfaces.
5.5.12 Do not drive carrier onto any elevator unless
specifically authorized to do so. Approach elevators
slowly, and then enter squarely after the elevator car is
properly leveled. Once on the elevator, neutralize the
controls, shut off power, and set parking brakes. It is
advisable that all other personnel leave the elevator
before a carrier is allowed to enter or exit.
5.5.13 Avoid running over loose objects, potholes,
and bumps.
5.5.14 To negotiate turns, reduce speed to improve
stability, then turn hand steering wheel or tiller in a
5.7.6 Do not operate a carrier with a leak in the fuel
system or battery(s).
5.7.7 Do not use open flames for checking electrolyte level in storage battery(s) or liquid level in fuel tanks.
6 MAINTENANCE PRACTICES
6.1
Introduction
6.1.1 Carriers may become hazardous if maintenance is neglected. Therefore, maintenance facilities,
trained personnel, and procedures shall be provided.
Such facilities may be on or off the premises.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page xi
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
6.2
Maintenance Procedures
6.2.1 Maintenance and inspection of all carriers
shall be performed in conformance with the manufacturer’s recommendations and the following practices.
(a) A scheduled preventive maintenance, lubrication,
and inspection system shall be followed.
(b) Only qualified and authorized personnel shall be
permitted to maintain, repair, adjust, and inspect carriers.
(c) Before undertaking maintenance or repair, follow
the manufacturer’s recommendations for immobilizing
the carrier.
(d) Block chassis before working underneath it.
(e) Before disconnecting any part of the engine fuel
system of a gasoline or diesel powered carrier with gravity feed fuel systems, be sure shutoff valve is closed, and
run engine until fuel system is depleted and engine stops
running.
(f) Before disconnecting any part of the engine fuel
system of LP gas powered carriers, close the LP gas cylinder valve and run the engine until fuel in the system is
depleted and the engine stops running.
(g) Operation to check performance of the carrier shall
be conducted in an authorized area where safe clearance exists.
prevent the use of the carrier until the leak has been
eliminated.
(o) The carrier manufacturer’s capacity, operation, and
maintenance instruction plates, tags, or decals shall be
maintained in legible condition.
(p) Batteries, motors, speed and directional controllers, limit switches, protective devices, electrical conductors, and connections shall be inspected and maintained
in conformance with manufacturers recommended procedures.
(q) Carriers shall be kept in a clean condition to minimize fire hazards and facilitate detection of loose or
defective parts.
(r) Modifications and additions which affect capacity
and safe machine operation shall not be performed by
the customer or user without manufacturer’s prior written
authorization; where authorized modifications have been
made, the user shall ensure that capacity, operation,
warning, and maintenance instruction plates, tags, or
decals are changed accordingly.
(s) Care shall be taken to ensure that all replacement
parts are interchangeable with the original parts and of a
quality at least equal to that provided in the original
equipment.
(h) Before commencing operation of the carrier, follow
the manufacturer’s instructions and recommended procedures.
(i) Avoid fire hazards and have fire protection equipment present in the work area. Do not use an open flame
to check level or leakage of fuel, battery electrolyte, or
coolant. Do not use open pans of fuel or flammable
cleaning fluids for cleaning parts.
(j) Properly ventilate the work area.
(k) Handle LP gas cylinders with care. Physical damage, such as dents, scrapes, or gouges, may dangerously weaken the tank and make it unsafe for use.
(l) Brakes, steering mechanisms, speed and directional control mechanisms, warning devices, lights, governors, guards, and safety devices shall be inspected
regularly and maintained in a safe operating condition.
(m)
Special carriers or devices designed and
approved for hazardous area operation shall be
inspected to ensure that maintenance preserves the original approved safe operating features.
(n) Fuel systems shall be checked for leaks and condition of parts. If a leak is found, action shall be taken to
Page xii
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
Thank you for this purchase. The vehicle is equipped
with an electronic speed control unit that is the most
advanced in the industry. Before driving the vehicle, we
ask you to spend some time reading this Owner’s Manual and Service Guide. This guide contains information
that will assist you in maintaining your highly reliable
vehicle. Some illustrations may show items that are
optional for your vehicle.
Most of the service procedures in this guide can be
accomplished by an individual using common automotive
hand tools. Refer to an authorized service representative
for information on servicing the vehicle in accordance
with the Periodic Service Schedule.
To facilitate maintenance, a Service Parts Manual and a
Technician’s Repair and Service Manual is available from
a local Distributor, an authorized Branch or the Service
Parts Department. When ordering parts or requesting
information for your vehicle, provide vehicle model, serial
number and manufacture code.
Hydrogen gas is generated in the charging cycle of batteries and is explosive in concentrations as low as 4%.
Because hydrogen gas is lighter than air, it will collect in
the ceiling of buildings necessitating proper ventilation.
Five air exchanges per hour is considered the minimum
requirement.
Never charge a vehicle in an area that is subject to flame
or spark. Pay particular attention to natural gas or propane gas water heaters and furnaces.
Before a new vehicle is put into operation, it is recommended that the items listed in the INITIAL SERVICE
CHART be performed (Ref Fig. 1).
ITEM
SERVICE OPERATION
Batteries Charge batteries
Backrest Remove protective plastic covering
Brakes
Check operation and adjust if necessary
Tires
Check air pressure (see SPECIFICATIONS)
BEFORE INITIAL USE
Read, understand and follow safety label on the instrument panel. The vehicle has been designed to operate in
a warehouse or factory environment with semi-smooth
floors, road and ramps.
Be sure you understand the vehicle, its equipment and
how to use it safely. Although the vehicle has been
designed to provide safe and reliable operation, maintaining good performance depends to a large extent on
the operator.
Fig. 1 Initial Service Chart
On Board Charger
The on board charger is wired directly to the batteries,
only requiring it be plugged into a dedicated 15 amp AC
outlet to be operational. When charge cycle is complete,
replace cord in appropriate area under instrument panel.
Portable Charger Installation (if equipped)
Vehicle batteries must be fully charged before initial use.
Hydrogen gas is generated as a natural part
of the lead acid battery charging process. A
4% concentration of hydrogen gas is explosive and could cause severe injury or death.
Charging must take place in an area that is
adequately ventilated (minimum of 5 air
exchanges per hour).
To reduce the chance of battery explosion
that could result in severe injury or death,
never smoke around or charge batteries in
an area that has open flame or electrical
equipment that could cause an electrical
arc.
To prevent overheating that may cause serious damage to the charger and create the
potential for fire, do not block or obstruct
the airways. Portable chargers must be
mounted on a platform above the ground or
in such a manner as to permit the maximum
air flow underneath and around the charger.
Portable chargers are shipped with the vehicle. Prior to
vehicle or charger operation, chargers must be removed
and mounted on a platform or wall above the ground to
permit maximum air flow around and underneath the
charger. If the charger is operated in an outdoor location,
rain and sun protection must be provided (Ref Fig. 2).
A dedicated circuit is required for the charger. Refer to
label on side of charger for appropriate circuit protection.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 1
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
cut or bend the ground post.
Provide Protection From Elements
To disconnect charger before the charging cycle is completed, disconnect the AC cord from the AC outlet first
and then disconnect the DC cord from the vehicle.
The charging (DC) cord is equipped with a polarized connector which fits into a matching receptacle on the vehicle.
Do Not Block Louvered Airways
The power (AC) cord is equipped with a ground plug, do
not attempt to pull out, cut or bend the ground plug.
NEMA 15 - 5R Grounded AC Receptacle
110 - 120 VAC. Dedicated 15 AMP Circuit
Locations outside the US and Canada: Reference
appropriate local electrical code and charger manufacturer recommendations for AC power requirements
Fig. 2 Charger Installation
The charger may remain plugged in to the AC outlet. To
charge the vehicle, refer to the instruction labels on the
charger. Insert the DC plug completely into the vehicle
receptacle. The receptacle is located on the side of the
instrument panel to the left of the steering wheel (Ref Fig.
5). After inserting the polarized DC plug, wait a few seconds and observe ammeter on charger to make sure it
moves indicating that charger is charging.
The charger will automatically start a few seconds after
plug insertion. The charger will automatically stop when
batteries are fully charged and the DC plug can be
removed to permit use of the vehicle.
NOTICE
Looping the DC cord through the steering wheel when charging, serves as a good reminder to store the cord out of the way
when finished with charging. The DC plug can be damaged by
driving over or catching the cord on the vehicle when driving
away.
To prevent a physical hazard that could
result in an electrical shock or electrocution, be sure that the charger plug is not
damaged and is inserted into a grounded
receptacle.
The power (AC) cord is equipped with a
grounded plug, do not attempt to pull out,
Page 2
NOTICE
If vehicle is to be charged with a non Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) charger, refer to the instructions supplied with
the charger.
Lift Out Battery Trays (if equipped)
The vehicle may be equipped with lift out battery trays.
Lift out battery trays permit the vehicle to operate on one
set of batteries while another set is charging.
Before separating the battery connector,
always turn off any electrical accessories or
options. Breaking a live circuit will result in
an electrical arc that could cause a battery
explosion.
Be sure that any hoist used to remove batteries has a working rating that exceeds the
weight of the batteries and battery tray. The
hoist must be capable of lifting the battery
tray without allowing the batteries to tip.
To eliminate the possibility of battery explosion, batteries must be covered to prevent
the possibility of shorting live battery terminals which could result in an explosion.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds.
Wash hands after handling.
Turn the key and any accessories to the "OFF" position
in order to remove any electrical load from the batteries.
To gain access to the battery trays, the cargo deck must
be removed. The vehicle has a total of four batteries separated into a left and right side tray containing two batteries each. Unplug the two large battery wire connectors
from the receptacles mounted on the vehicle frame.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
Use a hoist with a minimum working rating of 150 lbs. (70
kg). The hoist must be fitted with insulated lifting hook
and chain or cable to prevent any possibility of shorting
exposed battery terminals or connections. As an added
precaution, cover the batteries to further prevent the possibility of shorting battery terminals or connections. Each
tray has a lift point to attach the hoist to. Lift out only one
tray at a time and lower to floor.
NOTICE
The left side of the cargo deck frame is notched to allow the left
side battery tray to clear the steering linkage.
Install the trays of charged batteries, plug in the large
battery wire connectors and replace the cargo deck.
Connect the charger distribution harness to the discharged battery set and then plug the portable charger
into the small connector of the charger distribution harness (Ref Fig. 3).
To
Charger
To
Batteries
Design changes take place on an ongoing basis. In order
to obtain correct components for the vehicle, the manufacturing date and serial number must be provided when
ordering service parts.
CONTROLS AND METERS
The controls and meters on the vehicle consist of:
• key switch
• direction selector lever
• state of charge meter
• hour meter
• horn
• combination accelerator and brake pedal
• headlights and taillight
Key Switch
Located on the instrument panel, the key switch enables
the basic electrical system of the vehicle to be turned on
and off by turning the key (Ref Fig. 5).
To prevent inadvertent operation of the vehicle when left
unattended, the key should be turned to the ‘OFF’ position and removed.
Horn
Button
Hour
Meter
Fig. 3 Charger Distribution Harness
SERIAL PLATE LOCATION
The plate with the serial and manufacturing numbers are
located as shown (Ref Fig. 4).
Direction
Selector
State of
Charge
Meter
F
Light
Switch
N
R
Charger
Receptacle
Key Switch
Fig. 5 Controls and Meters
Fig. 4 Serial Plate Location
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 3
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
sure is COMPLETELY removed. Depressing
the rear (heel) portion of the pedal further
activates the service brake.
NOTICE
If the vehicle is equipped with manufacturer installed custom
accessories, some accessories remain operational with the key
switch in the ‘OFF’ position.
Direction Selector
The direction selector is located on the instrument panel
(Ref Fig. 5). This lever permits the selection of forward
(F), neutral (N) or reverse (R). It should be left in (N)
when the vehicle is unattended.
Removing foot pressure from the pedal
while traveling at high speed will engage the
service brake and result in sudden deceleration as the brake engages. Always hold on
during vehicle operation.
To prevent inadvertent movement when the
vehicle is to be left unattended, release pedal completely, move direction selector to
neutral position, turn key to ‘OFF’ position
and remove key.
To prevent component damage, the vehicle must be
completely stopped before moving the direction
selector.
Depress toe to accelerate
State of Charge Meter
Located on the instrument panel, the state of charge
meter indicates the amount of usable power in the batteries (Ref Fig. 5).
Front of
Vehicle
Release pressure - Engages service brake
Hour Meter
Located on the instrument panel, the hour meter indicates total hours of operation (Ref Fig. 5).
Depress heel to brake rapidly
Horn
The horn button is located behind the steering wheel on
the right side of the instrument panel (Ref Fig. 5). Activate horn by pressing the button.
Accelerator and Brake Combination
If unfamiliar with this type of operation, it is
recommended that the vehicle be operated
in a non-congested area at low speed until
the operator becomes more familiar with the
vehicles characteristics.
Removing partial pressure from the foot
pedal reduces the speed but does not
engage the service brake system. The service brake is activated only when foot presPage 4
Heel
Toe
Fig. 6 Combination Accelerator and Brake Pedal
The vehicle is equipped with a combination accelerator
and service brake incorporated into one pedal (Ref Fig.
6). When at rest, the pedal keeps the brakes applied to
prevent the vehicle from moving when parked. Applying
pressure to the toe of the pedal releases the brakes and
causes the vehicle to accelerate. Decreasing pressure
on the toe of the pedal reduces speed but does not apply
the brakes. Completely releasing the pedal activates the
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
brakes. Apply pressure to the heel of the pedal to stop
more quickly.
When vehicle is to be left unattended, release pedal
completely, move direction selector to neutral position,
turn key to ‘OFF’ position and remove key.
Headlights and Taillight
The light switch is located on the left side of the instrument panel and operates independent of the key switch
(Ref Fig. 5). Pull the switch out to turn the lights on.
BEFORE ENTERING VEHICLE
1. Check for correct tire inflation.
2. Inspect for fluid leaks.
3. Be sure everything is properly stored and secured.
If vehicle has on board charger, unplug power cord from
electrical outlet and properly store cord under instrument
panel prior to moving vehicle. If vehicle has a portable
charger, remove charger plug from vehicle receptacle
and properly store cable prior to moving vehicle.
OPERATING THE VEHICLE
Improper use of the vehicle or the lack of proper
maintenance may result in decreased performance
or damage to the vehicle.
Read and understand the following warnings before
attempting to operate the vehicle:
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or
death resulting from loss of vehicle control,
the following warnings must be observed:
Drive the vehicle only as fast as terrain
and safety considerations allow. Consider the terrain, traffic conditions and the
environmental factors which effect the
terrain and the ability to control the vehicle.
Use extra care and reduced speed when
driving on poor surfaces, such as loose
dirt, wet grass, gravel, etc.
Avoid extremely rough terrain.
Avoid driving fast down hill. A sudden
stop or change of direction may result in
loss of control. Use service brake to control speed when traveling down an
incline.
Slow down before and during turns. All
turns should be executed at reduced
speed.
All travel should be directly up or down
hills.
Use extra care when driving the vehicle
across any incline.
Do not permit anyone to ride on cargo
deck.
Stay in designated areas and avoid steep
slopes. To reduce the possibility of severe
injury or death resulting from improper
vehicle operation, the following warnings
must be observed:
Refer to GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS for
capacity.
Depressing accelerator pedal will
release brakes and may cause inadvertent vehicle movement. Turn the key to
the ‘OFF’ position whenever the vehicle
is parked.
Make sure that the direction selector is
in correct position before attempting to
start the vehicle.
Do not take vehicle out of ‘gear’ while in
motion (coast).
Always bring the vehicle to a complete
stop before shifting the direction selector.
Check the area behind the vehicle before
operating in reverse.
Alwa ys remain standing wi th back
against backrest and hold on while the
vehicle is in motion. Keep feet, legs,
hands and arms inside the vehicle at all
times.
Check stability of vehicle when using
optional ladder for reaching or placing
cargo on shelves. Do not overextend
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 5
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
reach.
To prevent inadvertent movement when
the vehicle is to be left unattended,
release pedal completely, move direction
selector to neutral position, turn key to
‘OFF’ position and remove key.
driving the vehicle above specified speed. Damage
caused by excessive speed may cause a loss of control,
is costly, is considered abuse and will not be covered
under warranty.
SERVICING THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE
STARTING THE VEHICLE
To start the vehicle: Place the key in the key switch and
turn to the ‘ON’ position. Move the direction selector to
the direction desired and press the toe of the pedal to
start the motor.
NOTICE
When the direction selector is in the reverse position, a warning
signal will sound. This is a device to indicate the vehicle is
ready to run in reverse.
The motor stops and the brake is applied when the toe of
the pedal is completely released. To stop the vehicle
more quickly, press the heel of the pedal.
To avoid component damage, the vehicle must be
brought to a complete stop before shifting the direction selector.
Do not hold vehicle on hill by using accelerator and
motor. Leaving motor in a stalled condition for more
than 3-4 seconds will cause permanent damage to
motor.
COASTING
To prevent injury or death resulting from
coasting at above recommended speeds,
limit speed with service brake.
On steep hills, it is possible for vehicles to coast at faster
than normal speeds that may be encountered on a flat
surface. To prevent loss of vehicle control, speeds should
be limited to no more than the maximum speed on level
ground (see GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS). Limit speed
by releasing the toe of the pedal and applying pressure
to the heel of the pedal. Severe damage to the drive train
components due to excessive speed may result from
Page 6
To prevent severe injury or death, resulting
f r o m i m p r o p e r s e r v i c i n g t e c h n i q u e s,
observe the following Warnings:
Do not attempt any type of servicing
operations before reading and understanding all notes, cautions and warnings in this manual.
Any servicing requiring adjustments to
be made to the powertrain while the
motor is running must be made with the
entire vehicle raised.
W ea r e y e p r o t e c ti o n w h e n
working on the vehicle. In particular, use care when working
around batteries, or using solvents or compressed air.
To reduce the possibility of causing an
electrical arc, which could result in a battery explosion, turn off all electrical
loads from the batteries before removing
any heavy gauge battery wires.
To prevent the possibility of motor disintegration, never operate vehicle at full
throttle for more than 4 - 5 seconds while
vehicle is in a “no load” condition.
Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds. Wash hands after handling.
It is in the best interest of both vehicle owner and servicing dealer to carefully follow the procedures recommended in this manual. Adequate preventative
maintenance, applied at regular intervals, is the best
guarantee for keeping the vehicle both dependable and
economical.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
TOWING
Turn wheel as shown
to permit jack placement
This vehicle is not designed to be towed.
Detail
It is recommended that this vehicle be moved by placing
the entire vehicle on a trailer, flatbed truck or other suitable transport.
LIFTING THE VEHICLE
Tool List
Qty. Required
1
2
2
Place jack along
the flat edge of
footrest
Floor jack .................................................................... 1
Jack stands ................................................................. 2
Chocks ........................................................................ 4
Chain hoist .................................................................. 1
(See detail)
Some servicing operations may require the vehicle be
raised.
3
4
To prevent possible injury or death resulting from a vehicle falling from a jack, be
sure the vehicle is on a firm and level surface. Never get under a vehicle while it is
supported by a jack. Use jack stands and
test the stability of the vehicle on the
stands. Always place chocks in front and
behind the wheels not being raised. Use
extreme care since the vehicle is extremely
unstable during the lifting process.
Never attempt to raise the rear wheels of a
three wheel vehicle without first raising the
front of the vehicle and supporting on jack
stands.
When lifting vehicle, position jacks and jack stands
only on the areas indicated.
Due to the low ground clearance and short wheel base,
the vehicle should only be raised enough to remove the
front axle or the rear wheels. Servicing that requires
access to the underside of the vehicle should be accomplished by raising the front of the vehicle with a chain
hoist attached to the front frame members. Always use
an additional safety chain to prevent injury should the
4
View from underside of vehicle
Fig. 7 Lifting the Vehicle
To remove a wheel or the front axle, loosen the hardware
and turn the front wheel to the position indicated (Ref Fig.
7). Position a jack in the location indicated and carefully
raise the front of the vehicle. Position the jack stands as
shown. Use care not to place the jack or stands where
they could interfere with wiring or linkages. Slowly lower
the jack and test the stability of the vehicle.
To raise the rear of the vehicle, first raise the front of the
vehicle as previously described and support on jack
stands. Then position the jack in the position shown at
the rear of the vehicle. Carefully raise the rear of the
vehicle with the jack and place two jack stands in the
position shown. Slowly lower the jack and check that the
vehicle is securely supported by the jack stands before
proceeding.
Lower the vehicle by reversing the lifting sequence.
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
This vehicle will give years of satisfactory service, providing it receives regular maintenance. Refer to the Periodic
Service Schedule for appropriate service intervals (Ref
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 7
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
Fig. 14). Refer to Lubrication Points for appropriate lubrication locations (Ref Fig. 8).
Grease Fitting
NOTICE
Some maintenance items must be serviced more frequently on
vehicles used under severe driving conditions.
Grease Fitting
Use maximum of three pumps of grease for each
grease fitting - Overgreasing may damage grease
seals.
Putting more than three pumps of grease in a grease fitting could damage grease seals and cause premature
bearing failure.
REAR AXLE
4 Ball Joints
Steering with steering wheel and
cover removed for clarity
The only maintenance required for the first five years is
the periodic inspection of the lubricant level. The rear
axle is provided with a lubricant level check/fill plug
located on the bottom of the differential. Unless leakage
is evident, the lubricant need only be replaced after five
years.
Wheel bearings
and fork pivot
Checking the Lubricant Level
With the vehicle on level ground, clean the area around
the check/fill plug and remove plug (Ref Fig. 9). The correct lubricant level is just below the bottom of the
threaded hole. If lubricant is low, add as required. Add
lubricant slowly until lubricant starts to seep from the
hole. Install the check/fill plug. In the event that the lubricant is to be replaced, the vehicle must be elevated and
the oil pan removed or the oil siphoned out through the
check/fill hole.
Rear axle
check and
fill
View from underside of vehicle
Fig. 8 Lubrication Points
Page 8
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
Check/Fill Plug
Dry, Level, Clean, Paved Surface
Fig. 9 Rear Axle Lubricant Check and Fill
BRAKES
Service brakes in accordance with the Periodic Service
Schedule (Ref Fig. 14). After the vehicle has been put
into service, it is recommended that the brakes be
checked by performing the following test:
Accelerate To
Maximum Speed
Test Method
To prevent severe injury or death resulting
from operating a vehicle with improperly
operating brake system, the braking system
must be properly maintained. All driving
brake tests must be done in a safe location
with regard for the safety of all personnel.
NOTICE
Release
Accelerator Pedal
to Engage
Service Brake
Acceptable
Stopping 4 ft. (1.2 m)
Distance
Line or Marker
Normal Range of
Stopping Distance
Any vehicles that stop
more than 4 ft. (1.2 m)
beyond the Acceptable
Stopping Distance or
pulls to one side should
be removed from service
and inspected by a
qualified mechanic
Over time, a subtle loss of performance may take place. Therefore, it is important to establish the normal braking distance with
a new vehicle.
Determine the braking performance of the vehicle by
engaging the service brake (release accelerator pedal
only) at a common point on a flat, dry, clean paved surface while traveling at maximum speed (Ref Fig. 10).
Observe the vehicle stopping location. If the vehicle
stops in a significantly greater distance than normal or
pulls to one side, it should be tested again.
If the vehicle fails the second test, it should immediately
be removed from service. The vehicle needs to be
inspected by a qualified mechanic.
Line or Marker
Fig. 10 Periodic Brake Performance Test
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 9
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
TIRES
Tools List
Qty. Required
Impact wrench, 1/2" drive ............................................ 1
Impact socket, 3/4", 1/2" drive ..................................... 1
Torque wrench, 1/2" drive, ft. lbs. ................................ 1
Wrench, 1 1/8"............................................................. 2
should inflation pressure be higher than recommended
on tire sidewall. All three tires should have the same
pressure for optimum handling characteristics. Be careful
not to overinflate. Due to the low volume of these small
tires, overinflation can occur in a matter of seconds. Be
sure to install the valve dust cap after checking or inflating.
Tire Repair
The vehicle is fitted with tubeless tires mounted on one
piece rims.
To prevent injury caused by a broken socket, use only sockets designed for impact
wrench use. Never use a conventional socket.
Tire condition should be inspected per the Periodic Service Schedule (Ref. Fig. 14 on page 13). Inflation pressures should be checked when the tires are cool. When
removing wheels with an impact wrench, use only impact
sockets. Regular sockets are not designed for impact
pressures exerted by power tools.
A tire explosion can cause severe injury or
death. Never exceed inflation pressure rating on tire sidewall.
To prevent tire explosion, pressurize tire
with small amount of air applied intermittently to seat beads. Never exceed the
tire manufacturer’s recommendation
when seating a bead. Protect face and
eyes from escaping air when removing
valve core.
Use caution when inflating tires. Due to
the low volume of these small tires, overinflation can occur in a matter of seconds. Overinflation could cause the tire
to separate from the wheel or cause the
tire to explode, either of which could
cause personal injury.
Use caution when inflating tires. Due to the low volume of
these small tires, overinflation can occur in a matter of
seconds. Overinflation could cause the tire to separate
from the rim or cause the tire to explode, either of which
could cause personal injury.
Generally, the most cost effective way to repair a flat tire
resulting from a puncture in the tread portion of the tire is
to use a commercial tire plug.
NOTICE
Tire plug tools and plugs are available at most automotive parts
outlets and have the advantage of not requiring the tire be
removed from the rim.
If the tire is flat, remove the wheel and inflate the tire to
the maximum recommended pressure for the tire.
Immerse the tire in water to locate the leak and mark with
chalk. Insert tire plug in accordance with manufacturer’s
specifications.
If tire is to be removed from or mounted on rim, the tire
changing machine manufacturer’s recommendations
must be followed to reduce possibility of personal injury.
To prevent injury, be sure moun t in g /
demounting machine is anchored to floor.
Wear OSHA approved safety equipment
when mounting/demounting tires.
Follow all instructions and safety warnings provided by
the mounting/demounting machine manufacturer.
Wheel Installation
Do not tighten lug nuts to more than 85 ft. lbs. (115
Nm) torque.
See GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS section for recommended tire inflation pressure. Under no condition
Page 10
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
with lukewarm or cold water is the best method of preserving the painted surfaces.
NOTICE
It is important to follow the ‘cross sequence’ pattern when
installing lug nuts. This will assure even seating of the wheel
against the hub.
With the valve stem to the outside, mount the wheel onto
the hub with lug nuts. Finger tighten lug nuts in a ‘cross
sequence’ pattern (Ref Fig. 11). Then, tighten lug nuts to
50 - 85 ft. lbs. (70 - 115 Nm) torque in 20 ft. lbs. (30 Nm)
increments following the same ‘cross sequence’ pattern.
'Cross Sequence'
3
1
Tire style
may vary
2
4
Fig. 11 Wheel Installation
Do not use hot water, strong soap or harsh chemical
detergents.
Rubber parts should be cleaned with nonabrasive household cleaner.
Occasional cleaning and waxing with nonabrasive products designed for ‘clear coat’ automotive finishes will
enhance the appearance and durability of the painted
surfaces.
Corrosive materials used for dust control can collect on
the underbody of the vehicle. These materials will accelerate corrosion of underbody parts. It is recommended
that the underbody be flushed occasionally with plain
water. Thoroughly clean any areas where mud or other
debris can collect. Sediment packed in closed areas
should be loosened to ease its removal, taking care not
to chip or otherwise damage paint.
TRAILERING
LIGHT BULB REPLACEMENT
To replace the headlight bulb, pivot the headlight forward
and remove the two Phillips head screws from back side
and separate light assembly. Place new light bulb in
place and secure with screws previously removed.
To replace the taillight bulb, remove hardware securing
lens and remove lens. Install replacement bulb.
CARE AND CLEANING OF THE
VEHICLE
To prevent cosmetic damage, do not use any abrasive or reactive solvents to clean plastic parts.
It is important that proper techniques and cleaning materials be used.
Normal cleaning of the vinyl backrest and plastic or rubber trim requires the use of a mild soap solution applied
with a sponge or soft brush and wipe with a damp cloth.
Removal of oil, tar, asphalt, shoe polish, etc. will require
the use of a commercially available vinyl/rubber cleaner.
The painted surfaces of the vehicle provide attractive
appearance and durable protection. Frequent washing
To prevent personal injury to occupants of
other highway vehicles, be sure that the
vehicle and contents are adequately
secured to trailer.
Do not ride on vehicle being trailered.
Always check that the vehicle and contents are adequately secured before trailering the vehicle. The rated
capacity of the trailer must exceed the weight of the vehicle and load plus 400 pounds (see GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS section for vehicle weight). Secure the vehicle
to the trailer using ratchet tie downs.
HARDWARE
Periodically, the vehicle should be inspected for loose
fasteners. Fasteners should be tightened in accordance
with the Torque Specifications table (Ref Fig. 13). Use
care when tightening fasteners and refer to the Technician’s Repair and Service Manual for specific torque values.
Generally, two grades of hardware are used in the vehicle. Grade 5 hardware can be identified by the three
marks on the hexagonal head. Unmarked hardware is
Grade 2 (Ref Fig. 12).
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 11
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
Grade 2
Grade 5
Fig. 12 Bolt Grades
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
ALL TORQUE FIGURES ARE IN FT. LBS. (Nm)
Unless otherwise noted in text, tighten all hardware in accordance with this chart.
This chart specifies 'lubricated' torque figures. Fasteners that are plated or lubricated when
installed are considered 'wet' and require approximately 80% of the torque required for 'dry' fasteners.
BOLT SIZE
1/4"
5/16"
3/8"
7/16"
1/2"
9/16"
5/8"
3/4"
7/8"
1"
Grade 2
4
(5)
8
(11)
15
(20)
24
(33)
35
(47)
55
(75)
75
(102)
130
(176)
125
(169)
190
(258)
Grade 5
6
(8)
13
(18)
23
(31)
35
(47)
55
(75)
80
(108)
110
(149)
200
(271)
320
(434)
480
(651)
Fig. 13 Torque Specifications
Page 12
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE
✓ Check
♦ Clean, Adjust, etc.
▲ Replace
NOTE: Some maintenance items must be serviced more frequently on vehicles used under severe driving conditions
DAILY
BODY
♦ Clean body components as required
REVERSE WARNING DEVICE
✓ Check operation when direction selector is in reverse
TIRES
✓ Examine for cuts, excessive wear and pressure
(See GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS)
WHEELS
✓ Check for bent rims, missing or loose lug nuts
BATTERIES
♦ Recharge to full state of charge after each day’s use
CHARGER / RECEPTACLE
✓ Inspect connector system at each charge
MONTHLY - 20 HOURS (includes items listed in previous table & the following)
BATTERIES
♦ Clean batteries & terminals with 1/4 cup (60 ml) baking soda to 1 1/2 gallons (6 liters)
water solution, rinse with clear water
✓ Check charge condition and all connections
SERVICE BRAKE
✓ Check brake performance, smooth operation
♦ Adjust if required
WIRING
✓ Check all wiring for loose connections and broken/missing insulation
CHARGER / RECEPTACLE
♦ Clean connections, keep receptacles free of dirt and foreign matter
ACCELERATOR
✓ Check for smooth movement
DIRECTION SELECTOR
✓ Check attachment, tighten if required
STEERING AND LINKAGES
✓ Check for excessive play, tightness of all hardware and bent or loose components
REAR AXLE
✓ Check for oil leakage, add lubricant (SAE 30 oil) as required
QUARTERLY - 50 HOURS
(includes items listed in previous tables & the following)
FRONT FORK
✓ Check for damage to axle and loose or missing hardware
CHARGER / RECEPTACLE
♦ Spray with P/N 27934-G02
FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT
✓ Check for unusual tire wear, align if required
SERVICE BRAKE
✓ Check for bent/binding linkage rods
✓ Check for damage or wear
SEMI-ANNUAL - 125 HOURS
(includes items listed in previous tables & the following)
DIRECTION SELECTOR
✓ Check for wear and smooth movement (lubricate shaft with light oil if required)
SERVICE BRAKES
♦ Clean and adjust, see Technician’s Repair and Service Manual
✓ Check brake shoe linings, see Technician’s Repair and Service Manual
BODY
♦ Clean body components and wax all painted surfaces
STEERING AND LINKAGES
♦ Lubricate, use wheel bearing grease
ANNUAL - 250-300 HOURS (includes items listed in previous tables & the following)
FRONT WHEEL BEARINGS
♦ Adjust, see Technician’s Repair and Service Manual
♦ Pack, use wheel bearing grease
REAR AXLE
✓ Check lubricant, add lubricant (SAE 30 oil) as required
▲ Replace lubricant after 5 years
Fig. 14 Periodic Service Schedule
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 13
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
BATTERIES AND CHARGING
Safety
NOTICE
Always observe the following warnings when working on or
near batteries:
To prevent burns or battery explosion that
could result in severe personal injury or
death, keep all smoking materials, open
flame or sparks away from the batteries.
Hydrogen gas is formed when charging
batteries. Do not charge batteries without adequate ventilation. A 4% concentration of hydrogen gas is explosive.
Be sure that the key switch is off and all
electrical accessories are turned off
before starting work on vehicle.
Never disconnect a circuit under load at
a battery terminal.
Batteries are heavy. Use
proper lifting techniques
when moving them. Always
lift the battery with a commercially available battery
lifting device. Use care not to
tip batteries when removing
or installing them; spilled
electrolyte can cause burns and damage.
The electrolyte in a storage battery is an
acid solution which can cause severe
burns to the skin and eyes. Treat all electrolyte spills to the body and eyes with
extended flushing with clear water. Contact a physician immediately.
Always wear a safety shield or
approved safety goggles when adding water or charging batteries.
and flushed with water.
Overfilling batteries may result in electrolyte being expelled from the battery
during the charge cycle. Expelled electrolyte may cause personal injury and
damage to the vehicle and storage facility.
Wrap wrenches with
vinyl tape to prevent
the possibility of a
dropped wrench
from ‘shorting out’ a battery, which
could result in an explosion and severe
personal injury or death.
Aerosol containers of battery terminal
protectant must be used with extreme
care. Insulate metal container to prevent
can from contacting battery terminals
which could result in an explosion.
BATTERY
A battery is defined as two dissimilar metals immersed in
an acid. If the acid is absent or if the metals are not dissimilar, a battery has not been created. The batteries
most commonly used in these vehicles are lead acid.
A battery does not store electricity, but is able to produce
electricity as the result of a chemical reaction which
releases stored chemical energy in the form of electrical
energy. The chemical reaction takes place faster in warm
conditions and slower in cold conditions. Temperature is
important when conducting tests on a battery and test
results must be corrected to compensate for temperature
differences.
As a battery ages, it still performs adequately except that
its capacity is diminished. Capacity describes the time
that a battery can continue to provide its design amperes
from a full charge.
A battery has a maximum life, therefore good maintenance is designed to maximize the available life and
reduce the factors that can reduce the life of the battery.
BATTERY MAINTENANCE
Tool List
Any electrolyte spills should be neutralized with a solution of 1/4 cup (60 ml)
sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) dissolved in 1 1/2 gallons (6 liters) of water
Page 14
Qty. Required
Insulated wrench, 9/16" ...............................................1
Battery carrier ..............................................................1
Hydrometer ..................................................................1
Battery maintenance kit P/N 25587-G01 .....................1
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
At Each Charging Cycle
equal importance is too much water which will result in
electrolyte being forced out of the battery due to gassing
and the increase in volume of the electrolyte that results
from the charging cycle.
To reduce the possibility of fire, never
attach a battery charger to a vehicle that is
to be unattended beyond the normal charging cycle. Overcharging could cause damage to the vehicle batteries and result in
extreme overheating. The charger should be
checked after 24 hours and unplugged after
the charge cycle is complete.
Before charging the batteries, inspect all plugs/receptacles of the battery charging system for dirt or debris.
Charge the batteries after each days use.
Monthly
• Inspect all wiring for fraying, loose terminations,
•
•
corrosion or deterioration of insulation.
Check that the electrolyte level is correct and add
suitable water as required.
Clean the batteries and wire terminations.
Electrolyte Level and Water
The correct level of the electrolyte is 1/2" (13 mm) above
the plates in each cell (Ref Fig. 15).
Vent Cap
Expansion
Space
1/4" to 3/8"
(6 to 10 mm)
Do not overfill batteries. The charging cycle will
expel electrolyte and result in component damage.
A battery being charged will ‘gas’ with the majority of the
gassing taking place at the end of the charging cycle.
This gas is hydrogen which is lighter than air. Water and
sulfuric acid droplets will be carried out of the battery
vents by the hydrogen gas; however, this loss is minimal.
If the battery electrolyte level is too high, the electrolyte
will block the vent tube and the gas will force it out of the
vent tube and battery cap. The water will evaporate but
the sulfuric acid will remain where it can damage vehicle
components and the storage facility floor. Sulfuric acid
loss will weaken the concentration of acid within the electrolyte and reduce the life of the battery.
Over the life of the battery, a considerable amount of
water is consumed. It is important that the water used be
pure and free of contaminants that could reduce the life
of the battery by reducing the chemical reaction. The
water must be distilled or purified by an efficient filtration
system. Water that is not distilled should be analyzed
and if required, filtration installed to permit the water to
meet the requirements of the water purity table (Ref Fig.
16).
Gas Vent
Vent
Impurity
Parts Per
Million
Color ............................................................................... Clear
1/2" (13 mm)
Plates
Electrolyte level should
be at least 1/2" (13 mm)
above the plates and
1/4" to 3/8" (6 to 10 mm)
below vent
Suspended...................................................................... Trace
Total Solids .......................................................................100
Calcium & Magnesium Oxides...........................................40
Iron......................................................................................5
Ammonia.............................................................................8
Organic & Volatile Matter ...................................................50
Fig. 15 Correct Electrolyte Level
Nitrites.................................................................................5
This level will leave approximately 1/4" - 3/8" (6 - 10 mm)
of space between the electrolyte and the vent tube. The
electrolyte level is important since any portion of the
plates exposed to air will be ruined beyond repair. Of
Nitrates ..............................................................................10
Chloride ..............................................................................5
Fig. 16 Water Purity Table
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 15
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
Even if the water is colorless, odorless, tasteless and fit
for drinking, the water should be analyzed to see that it
does not exceed the impurity levels specified in the table.
Automatic watering devices such as the one included in
the Battery Maintenance Kit can be used with an
approved water source (Ref Fig. 17). These watering
devices are fast and accurate to use and maintain the
correct electrolyte level within the battery cells.
NOTICE
The watering device should only be used if the electrolyte level
is less than 1/2" (13 mm) above top of plates.
Watering gun similar to the type included in the
CUSHMAN Battery Maintenance Kit
batteries which is conductive and will contribute to the
discharge of the batteries.
To prevent battery damage, be sure that all battery
caps are tightly installed.
The correct cleaning technique is to spray the top and
sides of the batteries with a solution of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water. This solution is best applied
with a garden type sprayer equipped with a non metallic
spray wand. The solution should consist of 1/4 cup (60
ml) of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) mixed with 1 1/2
gallons (6 liters) of clear water (Ref Fig. 18). In addition
to the batteries, special attention should be paid to metallic components adjacent to the batteries which should
also be sprayed with the sodium bicarbonate (baking
soda) solution.
1 1/2 gallons
(6 liters)
Clear Water
1/4 Cup (60 ml)
Sodium Bicarbonate
(Baking Soda)
Valve consistently
fills to a
predetermined
level
Electrolyte
Level
Pure Water
Non Metalic
Wand
2 gallon (7.5 liter)
Garden Sprayer
Single Battery Cell
Fig. 17 Automatic Watering Gun
Cleaning Batteries
When cleaning the outside of the batteries and terminals,
do not use a water hose without first spraying with a solution of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water to
neutralize any acid deposits.
Use of a water hose without first neutralizing any acid,
will move acid from the top of the batteries to another
area of the vehicle or storage facility where it will attack
the metal structure or the concrete/asphalt floor. After
hosing down the batteries, a residue will be left on the
Page 16
Fig. 18 Preparing Acid Neutralizing Solution
Allow the solution to sit for at least three minutes; use a
soft bristle brush or cloth to wipe the tops of the batteries
in order to remove any residue that could cause the self
discharge of the battery. Rinse the entire area with low
pressure clear water. All of the items required for complete battery cleaning and watering are contained in the
Battery Maintenance Kit.
Cleaning should take place once a month or more often
under extreme conditions.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
Battery Replacement
Remove battery hold downs and cables. Lift out batteries
with a commercially available lifting device.
Inspect all wires and terminals. Clean any corrosion from
the battery terminals or the wire terminals with a solution
of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and brush clean if
required.
RED to Fuse inside Console
+
+
-
+
-
The batteries should be placed into the battery racks and
the battery hold downs tightened to 45 - 55 in. lbs. (5 - 6
Nm) torque, to prevent movement but not tight enough to
cause distortion of the battery cases.
Front of Vehicle
+
If the batteries have been cleaned and any acid in the
battery rack area neutralized as recommended, no corrosion to the battery racks or surrounding area should be
present. Any corrosion found should be immediately
removed with a putty knife and a wire brush. The area
should be washed with a solution of sodium bicarbonate
(baking soda) and water and thoroughly dried before
priming and painting with a corrosion resistant paint.
BL- to WHT to BL+ to
ESC
Charger Solenoid
BLK to
Charger
Front of Vehicle with Lift Out Battery Tray
+
-
+
-
-
Use care to connect the battery wires as shown (Ref Fig.
19). Tighten the battery post hardware to 50 - 70 in. lbs.
(6 - 8 Nm) torque. Protect the battery terminals and battery wire terminals with a commercially available protective coating.
-
+
To prevent battery explosion that could
result in severe personal injury or death,
extreme care must be used with aerosol
containers of battery terminal protectant.
Insulate the metal container to prevent the
metal can from contacting battery terminals
which could result in an explosion.
+
BL-
BL+
+-
-+
Connector
Connector
Fig. 19 Battery Connections
Prolonged Storage
Battery charger and controller must be disconnected
since they will contribute to the premature discharge
of batteries. Other electronic devices may need to be
disconnected.
During periods of storage, the batteries will need attention to keep them maintained and prevent discharge.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 17
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
In high temperatures the chemical reaction is faster,
while low temperatures cause the chemical reaction to
slow down. A vehicle that is stored at 90° F (32° C) will
lose .002 of specific gravity each day. If a fully charged
battery has a specific gravity of 1.275, and the battery is
allowed to sit unused, it will become partially discharged.
When it reaches 1.240, which it will do in less than
twenty days, it should be recharged. If a battery is left in
a discharged state, sulfating takes place on and within
the plates. This condition is not reversible and will cause
permanent damage to the battery. In order to prevent
damage, the battery should be recharged. A hydrometer
can be used to determine the specific gravity and therefore the state of charge of a battery.
OF OC
E
L
E +15 -9
C +5 -15
T
R -5 -21
O
L -15 -26
Y
T -25 -32
E
-35 -37
T
E -45 -43
M -55 -48
P
E -65 -54
R
A -75 -60
T
U -85 -65
R
-95 -71
E
1.100 1.140 1.180 1.220 1.260 1.300
1.120 1.160 1.200 1.240 1.280
SPECIFIC GRAVITY ELECTROLYTE FREEZING POINT
Fig. 20 Freezing Point of Electrolyte
In winter conditions, the battery must be fully charged to
prevent the possibility of freezing (Ref Fig. 20). A fully
charged battery will not freeze in temperatures above 75° F (-60° C). Although the chemical reaction is slowed
in cold temperatures, the battery must be stored fully
charged, and disconnected from any circuit that could
discharge the battery. For portable chargers, disconnect
the charging plug from the vehicle receptacle. For onboard chargers, disconnect the charging harness from
the batteries. The batteries must be cleaned and all
deposits neutralized and removed from the battery case
Page 18
to prevent self discharge. The batteries should be tested
or recharged at thirty day minimum intervals.
Battery Charging
The battery charger is designed to fully charge the battery set. If the batteries are severely deep cycled, some
automatic battery chargers contain an electronic module
that may not activate and the battery charger will not
function. Automatic chargers will determine the correct
duration of charge to the battery set and will shut off
when the battery set is fully charged. Always refer to the
instructions of the specific charger used.
Before charging, the following should be observed:
Do not overfill batteries. The charging cycle will
expel electrolyte and result in component damage.
• The electrolyte level in all cells must be at the recommended level and cover the plates.
• The charging must take place in an area that is
•
•
•
•
well ventilated and capable of removing the hydrogen gas that is generated by the charging process. A minimum of five air exchanges per hour
is recommended.
The charging connector components are in good
condition and free from dirt or debris.
The charger connector is fully inserted into the
vehicle receptacle.
The charger connector/cord set is protected from
damage and is located in an area to prevent injury
that may result from personnel running over or
tripping over the cord set.
The charger is automatically turned off during the
connect/disconnect cycle and therefore no electrical arc is generated at the DC plug/receptacle
contacts.
AC Voltage
Battery charger output is directly related to the input voltage. If multiple vehicles are receiving an incomplete
charge in a normally adequate time period, low AC voltage could be the cause and the power company should
be consulted.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
TROUBLESHOOTING
In general, troubleshooting will be done for two distinct
reasons. First, a battery that performs poorly and is outside of the manufacturers specification should be identified in order to replace it under the terms of the
manufacturer’s warranty. Different manufacturers have
different requirements. Consult the battery manufacturer
or a service representative for specific requirements.
Cylinder
A cost effective way to identify a poorly performing battery is to use a hydrometer to identify a battery in a set
with a lower than normal specific gravity. Once the particular cell or cells that are the problem are identified, the
suspect battery can be removed and replaced. At this
point there is nothing that can be done to salvage the
battery; however, the individual battery should be
replaced with a good battery of the same brand, type and
approximate age.
Hydrometer
A hydrometer (P/N 50900-G1) is used to test the state of
charge of a battery cell (Ref Fig. 21). This is performed
by measuring the density of the electrolyte, which is
accomplished by measuring the specific gravity of the
electrolyte. The greater the concentration of sulfuric acid,
the more dense the electrolyte becomes. The higher the
density, the higher the state of charge.
To prevent battery explosion that could
result in severe personal injury or death,
never insert a metal thermometer into a battery. Use a hydrometer with a built in therm o m et er t h at i s d es i g n e d f o r t e st i n g
batteries.
Specific gravity is the measurement of a liquid that is
compared to a baseline. The baseline is water which is
Float
1100
1125
Add to Float
Reading
The second reason is to determine why a particular vehicle does not perform adequately. Performance problems
may result in a vehicle that runs slowly or in a vehicle that
is unable to operate for the time required.
A new battery must mature before it will develop its maximum capacity. Maturing may take up to 100 charge/discharge cycles. After the maturing phase, the older a
battery gets, the lower the capacity. The only way to
determine the capacity of a battery is to perform a load
test using a discharge machine following manufacturer’s
recommendations.
Bulb
Subtract
from Float
Reading
32
28
24
20
16
12
8
4
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
36
1150
1175
1200
1225
1250
1275
1100
1125
1300
1150
1200
1225
1250
1275
1300
32
28
24
20
16
12
8
4
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
36
Weight
Thermometer
Fig. 21 Hydrometer
assigned a base number of 1.000. The concentration of
sulfuric acid to water in a new golf car battery is 1.280
which means that the electrolyte weighs 1.280 times the
weight of the same volume of water. A fully charged battery will test at 1.275 - 1.280 while a discharged battery
will read in the 1.140 range.
NOTICE
Do not perform a hydrometer test on a battery that has just
been watered. The battery must go through at least one charge
and discharge cycle in order to permit the water to adequately
mix with the electrolyte.
The temperature of the electrolyte is important since the
hydrometer reading must be corrected to 80° F (27° C).
High quality hydrometers are equipped with an internal
thermometer that will measure the temperature of the
electrolyte and will include a conversion scale to correct
the float reading. It is important to recognize that the
electrolyte temperature is significantly different from the
ambient temperature if the vehicle has been operated.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 19
ELECTRIC THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
Read all of manual to become familiar with this vehicle. Pay attention to all NOTICES, CAUTIONS,WARNINGS and DANGERS.
Using A Hydrometer
1. Draw electrolyte into the hydrometer several times to
permit the thermometer to adjust to the electrolyte
temperature and note the reading. Examine the color
of the electrolyte. A brown or gray coloration indicates
a problem with the battery and is a sign that the battery is nearing the end of its life.
Electrolyte
Temperature
˚F ˚C
160 71
150
66
2. Draw the minimum quantity of electrolyte into the
hydrometer to permit the float to float freely without
contacting the top or bottom of the cylinder.
140
60
130
54
3. Hold the hydrometer in a vertical position at eye level
and note the reading where the electrolyte meets the
scale on the float.
120
49
110
43
4. Add or subtract four points (.004) to the reading for
every 10° F (6°C) the electrolyte temperature is
above or below 80° F (27° C). Adjust the reading to
conform with the electrolyte temperature, e.g., if the
reading indicates a specific gravity of 1.250 and the
electrolyte temperature is 90° F (32° C), add four
points (.004) to the 1.250 which gives a corrected
reading of 1.254. Similarly if the temperature was 70°
F (21° C), subtract four points (.004) from the 1.250
to give a corrected reading of 1.246 (Ref Fig. 22).
100
38
90
32
80
27
70
21
60
16
50
10
5. Test each cell and note the readings (corrected to 80°
F or 27° C). A variation of fifty points between any two
cell readings (example 1.250 - 1.200) indicates a
problem with the low reading cell(s).
40
4
30
–1
2
–7
10
–12
As a battery ages the specific gravity of the electrolyte
will decrease at full charge. This is not a reason to
replace the battery, providing all cells are within fifty
points of each other.
Since the hydrometer test is in response to a vehicle
exhibiting a performance problem, the vehicle should be
recharged and the test repeated. If the results indicate a
weak cell, the battery or batteries should be removed
and replaced with a good battery of the same brand, type
and approximate age.
Page 20
+.032
+.030
+.028
+.026
+.024
+.022
+.020
+.018
+.016
+.014
+.012
+.010
+.008
+.006
+.004
+.002
0
–.002
–.004
–.006
–.008
–.010
–.012
–.014
–.016
–.018
–.020
–.022
–.024
–.026
–.028
Electrolyte Temperature
Above 80˚ F (27˚ C)
Electrolyte temperature
90˚ F (32˚ C)
Hydrometer reading 1.250
1.250 + .004 = 1.254
corrected specific gravity
EXAMPLE #1:
EXAMPLE #2:
Electrolyte Temperature
Below 80˚ F (27˚ C)
Electrolyte temperature
70˚ F (21˚ C)
Hydrometer reading 1.250
1.250 - .004 = 1.246
corrected specific gravity
Fig. 22 Hydrometer Temperature Correction
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 21
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
ELECTRIC POWERED THREE WHEEL SERVICE VEHICLE
BATTERIES....................................................................... Four 6 volt deep cycle (105 minute minimum, 220 amp-hour @ 20 hour discharge
rate)
SPEED CONTROLLER..................................................... Solid state, 275 amp capacity with potentiometer throttle sensor
MOTOR ............................................................................. 24 VDC, series wound 1.5 hp (1.1 kW) @ 2800 rpm & 4.3 hp (3.2 kW) @ 1200
rpm, brazed armature and solid copper windings
TRANSAXLE ..................................................................... 14.78:1 helical geared with input pinion shaft directly connected to motor shaft
BRAKES............................................................................ Dual rear wheel, mechanical drum brakes
PARKING BRAKE ............................................................. Automatic
FRONT SUSPENSION ..................................................... One piece front axle
REAR SUSPENSION........................................................ Coil springs over hydraulic shock absorbers
STEERING ........................................................................ Chain & linkage
STEERING WHEEL .......................................................... Dual handgrips
SEATING ........................................................................... None
CAPACITY......................................................................... Operator
TOTAL LOAD CAPACITY.................................................. 1000 lbs. (454 kg) including operator, accessories & cargo
SPEED .............................................................................. 9 mph (15 kph)
CHASSIS........................................................................... Welded tubular steel; powder coated (Durashield™)
VEHICLE PROTECTION .................................................. None
BODY ................................................................................ Bolt-on diamond pattern body panels with Durashield™ Industrial Yellow powder
coat paint
STANDARD COLOR(S) .................................................... Industrial Yellow
LOAD BED ........................................................................ 29" (74 cm) W x 48" (122 cm) L
LOAD BED FEATURES .................................................... Removable for powertrain access
LIGHTING/HORN (Standard) ............................................ Rear brake light, horn
TIRES (Standard) .............................................................. 4.80 x 8 Industrial Load Range B
TIRE PRESSURE ............................................................. 60 psi (415 kPa)
WEIGHT (without batteries) .............................................. 490 lbs. (225 kg)
OPERATING CONTROLS & INSTRUMENTATION .......... Removable key, ‘deadman’ accelerator control, direction selector, audible reverse
warning
BATTERY CHARGER ....................................................... Total Charge® III on-board 24 V, 120 VAC, fully automatic, line compensating, 21
amp DC output at 24 volts, 6.5 amps input, 60 Hz, UL recognized, CSA certified
OPTIONS/ACCESSORIES ............................................... Audible forward motion indicator
Batteries 145 minute 250 amp-hour @ 20 hour discharge rate
Beacon light
Bolt-on 4 step ladder
Bolt-on 6 step ladder (includes counterweight)
Differential scuff guard
‘E’ hitch
Front counterweight
Galvanized steel cargo deck
Headlights and taillight
Hour meter
Lift out battery tray with batteries
Lift out battery tray with batteries, 145 minute 250 amp-hour @ 20 hour discharge
rate
Lift out battery tray without batteries
Paint color (custom)
Pintle hitch
Stainless steel cargo deck
State of Charge meter (LED)
Tires 4.80 x 8 (6 ply rated) Industrial Load Range B (Foam Filled)
Total Charge® III portable 24 V, 120 VAC, fully automatic, line compensating, 21
amp DC output at 24 volts, 6.5 amps input, 60 Hz
UL listed, CSA certified
Tubular steel side rails
UL approved ‘EE’ classification
Specifications subject to change without notice
Page 22
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
17.5 in.
(44 cm)
29 in.
(74 cm)
48 in. (122 cm)
98 in.
(248 cm)
78 in.
(198 cm)
48 in.
(122 cm)
22.5 in. 21.5 in.
(57 cm) (55 cm)
29.5 in.
(75 cm)
5 in. (13 cm)
48 in. (122 cm)
77.5 in. (197 cm)
84 in. (213 cm)
RECOMMENDED MAXIMUM RAMP GRADE
25% or 14˚ MAXIMUM
RECOMMENDED MAXIMUM SIDE TILT
25% or 14˚ MAXIMUM
Fig. 23 Vehicle Dimensions and Incline Specifications
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 23
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
TURNING CLEARANCE
DIAMETER
10.5 ft. (3.2 m)
56 in.
(142 cm)
INTERSECTING
AISLE CLEARANCE
56 in.
(142 cm)
Fig. 24 Vehicle Turning Clearance Diameter and Intersecting Aisle Clearance
Page 24
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
NOTICE
Read and understand the following warnings before attempting to operate the vehicle:
To prevent personal injury or death, observe
the following:
When vehicle is to be left unattended,
release pedal completely, move direction
selector to neutral, turn key to ‘OFF’ position
and remove key.
Drive vehicle only as fast as terrain and
safety considerations allow. Consider the
terrain and traffic conditions. Consider
environmental factors which effect the
terrain and the ability to control the vehicle.
Avoid driving fast down hill. Sudden stops
or change of direction may result in a loss of
control. Use service brake to control speed
when traveling down an incline.
Use extra care and reduced speed when
driving on poor surfaces, such as loose dirt,
wet grass, gravel, etc.
NOTICE
Read and understand the following text and warnings before
attempting to service vehicle:
In any product, components will eventually fail to perform
properly as the result of normal use, age, wear or abuse.
It is virtually impossible to anticipate all possible component failures or the manner in which each component
may fail.
Be aware that a vehicle requiring repair indicates that the
vehicle is no longer functioning as designed and therefore should be considered potentially hazardous. Use
extreme care when working on any vehicle. When diagnosing, removing or replacing any components that are
not operating correctly, take time to consider the safety of
yourself and others around you should the component
move unexpectedly.
Some components are heavy, spring loaded, highly corrosive, explosive or may produce high amperage or
reach high temperatures. Battery acid and hydrogen gas
could result in serious bodily injury to the technician/
mechanic and bystanders if not treated with the utmost
caution. Be careful not to place hands, face, feet or body
in a location that could expose them to injury should an
unforeseen situation occur.
All travel should be directly up or down hills.
Use extra care when driving the vehicle
across an incline.
Stay in designated areas and avoid steep
slopes. Use the parking brake whenever the
vehicle is parked.
Keep feet, legs, hands and arms inside
vehicle at all times.
Avoid extremely rough terrain.
Check area behind the vehicle before
operating in reverse.
Make sure the direction selector is in correct
position before attempting to start the
vehicle.
Slow down before and during turns. All turns
should be executed at reduced speed.
Always bring vehicle to a complete stop
before shifting the direction selector.
See
GENERAL
SPECIFICATIONS
for
standard vehicle load and occupant
capacity.
To prevent personal injury or death, observe
the following:
Before working on the vehicle, remove all
jewelry (rings, watch, necklaces, etc.).
Be sure no loose clothing or hair can contact
moving parts.
Use care not to touch hot objects.
Raise entire vehicle and support on jack
stands before attempting to run or adjust
powertrain.
Wear eye protection when working on or
around the vehicle. In particular, use care
when working around batteries, using
solvents or compressed air.
Hydrogen gas is formed when charging
batteries. Do not charge batteries without
adequate ventilation.
Do not permit open flame or anyone to
smoke in an area that is being used for
charging batteries. A concentration of 4%
hydrogen gas or more is explosive.
A Textron Company
1451 Marvin Griffin Road, Augusta, Georgia USA 30906-3852
TO CONTACT US
North America:
Technical Assistance & Warranty Phone: 1-800-774-3946, FAX: 1-800-448-8124
Service Parts Phone: 1-888-GET-CUSHMAN (1-888-438-3946), FAX: 1-800-7526175
International:
Phone: 010-1-706-798-4311, FAX: 010-1-706-771-4609
Copyrighted Material
This manual may not be reproduced in whole or
in part without the express permission of
E-Z-GO Division of Textron Inc.,
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