KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ General Description Integrated 5-Port 10/100 Managed Ethernet Switch with MII/RMII Interface

KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ General Description Integrated 5-Port 10/100 Managed Ethernet Switch with MII/RMII Interface
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Integrated 5-Port 10/100 Managed Ethernet
Switch with MII/RMII Interface
Rev. 1.6
General Description
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ is a highly-integrated,
Layer 2 managed, five-port switch with numerous
features designed to reduce system cost. Intended for
cost-sensitive 10/100Mbps five-port switch systems
with low power consumption, on-chip termination, and
internal core power controllers, it supports
high-performance memory bandwidth and shared
memory-based switch fabric with non-blocking
configuration. Its extensive feature set includes power
management, programmable rate limit and priority
ratio, tag/port-based VLAN, packets filtering,
four-queue QoS prioritization, management interfaces,
and MIB counters. The KSZ8895 family provides
multiple CPU data interfaces to effectively address
both current and emerging fast Ethernet applications
when port 5 is configured to separate MAC5 with
SW5-MII/RMII and PHY5 with P5-MII/RMII interfaces.
The KSZ8895 family offers three configurations,
providing the flexibility to meet different requirements:
•
KSZ8895MQ: Five 10/100Base-T/TX transceivers,
one SW5-MII and one P5-MII interface
•
KSZ8895RQ: Five 10/100Base-T/TX transceivers,
one SW5-RMII and one P5-RMII interface
•
KSZ8895FMQ: Three 10/100Base-T/TX
transceivers on Ports 1, 2, 5 and two 100Base-FX
transceivers on Ports 3, 4, one SW5-MII and one
P5-MII interface
All registers of MACs and PHYs units can be
managed by the SPI or the SMI interface. MIIM
registers can be accessed through the MDC/MDIO
interface. EEPROM can set all control registers for the
unmanaged mode.
Functional Diagram
Note:
SW5 indicates the MAC5 of the switch side, P5 indicates the PHY5 of the Port 5.
Micrel Inc. • 2180 Fortune Drive • San Jose, CA 95131 • USA • tel +1 (408) 944-0800 • fax + 1 (408) 474-1000 • http://www.micrel.com
January 22, 2013
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Integrated Five-Port 10/100 Ethernet Switch
Features
Advanced Switch Features
•
New generation switch with five MACs and five PHYs with
fully compliant with IEEE 802.3u standard.
•
IEEE 802.1q VLAN support for up to 128 active VLAN
groups (full-range 4096 of VLAN IDs).
•
•
PHYs designed with patented enhanced mixed-signal
technology.
Static MAC table supports up to 32 entries.
•
•
VLAN ID tag/untag options, per port basis
•
IEEE 802.1p/q tag insertion or removal on a per port basis
based on ingress port (egress).
Non-blocking switch fabric assures fast packet delivery by
utilizing a 1K MAC address lookup table and a store-andforward architecture.
•
Programmable rate limiting at the ingress and egress on a
per port basis.
On-chip 64Kbyte memory for frame buffering (not shared
with 1K unicast address table).
•
Full duplex IEEE 802.3x flow control (PAUSE) with force
mode option.
•
Half-duplex back pressure flow control.
•
HP Auto MDI/MDI-X and IEEE Auto crossover support.
•
•
Jitter-free per packet based rate limiting support.
•
Broadcast storm protection with percentage control (global
and per port basis).
•
IEEE 802.1d rapid spanning tree protocol RSTP support.
•
•
Tail tag mode (1 byte added before FCS) support at Port 5
to inform the processor which ingress port receives the
packet.
SW-MII interface supports both MAC mode and PHY
mode.
•
7-wire serial network interface (SNI) support for legacy
MAC.
•
Per port LED Indicators for link, activity, and 10/100
speed.
•
Register port status support for link, activity, full/half
duplex and 10/100 speed.
•
On-chip terminations and internal biasing technology for
cost down and lowest power consumption.
•
1.4Gbps high-performance memory bandwidth and shared
memory-based
switch
fabric
with
fully
non-blocking configuration.
•
Dual MII with MAC5 and PHY5 on port 5, SW5-MII/RMII
for MAC 5 and P5-MII/RMII for PHY 5.
•
Enable/Disable option for huge frame size up to 2000
Bytes per frame.
•
IGMP v1/v2 snooping (Ipv4) support for multicast packet
filtering.
•
•
Port mirroring/monitoring/sniffing: ingress and/or egress
traffic to any port or MII.
IPv4/IPv6 QoS support.
•
•
Support unknown unicast/multicast address and unknown
VID packet filtering.
MIB counters for fully compliant statistics gathering 34 MIB
counters per port.
•
•
Self-address filtering.
Loop-back support for MAC, PHY and remote diagnostic
of failure.
Comprehensive Configuration Register Access
•
Interrupt for the link change on any ports.
•
Serial management interface (MDC/MDIO) to all PHYs
registers and SMI interface (MDC/MDIO) to all registers.
Low Power Dissipation
•
•
Full-chip hardware power-down.
High speed SPI (up to 25MHz) and I C master Interface to
all internal registers.
•
•
Full-chip software power-down and per port software
power down.
I/0 pins strapping and EEPROM to program selective
registers in unmanaged switch mode.
•
•
Energy-detect mode support < 100mW full chip-power
consumption when all ports have no activity.
Control registers configurable on the fly (port-priority,
802.1p/d/q, AN).
•
Very low full chip power consumption (<0.5W), without
extra power consumption on transformers.
•
Dynamic clock tree shutdown feature.
•
Voltages: Single 3.3V supply with 3.3V VDDIO and
Internal 1.2V LDO controller enabled, or external 1.2V
LDO solution.
– Analog VDDAT 3.3V only.
– VDDIO support 3.3V, 2.5V and 1.8V.
– Low 1.2V core power .
•
0.13µm CMOS technology.
•
Commercial temperature range: 0°C to +70°C.
•
Industrial Temperature Range: -40°C to +85°C.
•
Available in 128-pin PQFP, lead-free package.
Switch Monitoring Features
2
QoS/CoS Packet Prioritization Support
•
Per port, 802.1p and DiffServ-based.
•
1/2/4-queue QoS prioritization selection.
•
Programmable weighted fair queuing for ratio control.
•
Re-mapping of 802.1p priority field per port basis.
January 22, 2013
2
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc. Confidential
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Applications
•
Typical
•
SOHO residential gateway
•
VoIP phone
•
Broadband gateway/firewall/VPN
•
Set-top/game box
•
Integrated DSL/cable modem
•
Automotive
•
Wireless LAN access point + gateway
•
Industrial control
•
Standalone 10/100 switch
•
IPTV POF
Ordering Information
Part Number
Temperature Range
Package
Lead Finish/Grade
KSZ8895MQ
0°C to 70°C
128-Pin PQFP
Pb-Free/Commercial
KSZ8895MQI
-40°C to +85°C
128-Pin PQFP
Pb-Free/Industrial
KSZ8895RQ
0°C to 70°C
128-Pin PQFP
Pb-Free/Commercial
KSZ8895RQI
-40°C to +85°C
128-Pin PQFP
Pb-Free/Industrial
KSZ8895FMQ
0°C to 70°C
128-Pin PQFP
Pb-Free/Commercial
KSZ8895FMQI
-40°C to +85°C
128-Pin PQFP
Pb-Free/Industrial
Revision History
Revision
Date
Description
1.0
09/13/10
Initial document created
1.1
11/16/10
Remove TMQ part
1.2
01/20/11
Update the ordering information and some data.
1.3
03/18/11
Update the register number, descriptions and correct typo error.
1.4
08/30/11
Correct typo error for package information and update some
descriptions for SMI mode and IGMP and update register default
values, pins type and some parameters.
02/24/12
Update descriptions for Pin, register 1 chip ID, port register,
VLAN table and I2C master. Update the equation in the
broadcast storm protection section. Update table of strap-in pins.
Update the ordering information for RQ parts.
11/28/12
Update the ordering information for FMQ parts available. Correct
typos. Update the operation rating to ±5% and TTL min/max I/O
voltage in different VDDIO. Add register 165 for FMQ part with
fiber mode. Update a note for pin 125 descriptions.
1.5
1.6
January 22, 2013
3
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Contents
Pin Configuration ..........................................................................................................................................................13
Pin Description ..............................................................................................................................................................14
Pin for Strap-in Options ................................................................................................................................................21
Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................................24
Functional Overview: Physical Layer Transceiver ....................................................................................................24
100BASE-TX Transmit ...............................................................................................................................................24
100BASE-TX Receive ................................................................................................................................................24
PLL Clock Synthesizer ................................................................................................................................................25
Scrambler/Descrambler (100BASE-TX only) .............................................................................................................25
100BASE-FX Operation ..............................................................................................................................................25
100BASE-FX Signal Detection ...................................................................................................................................25
100BASE-FX Far End Fault ........................................................................................................................................25
10BASE-T Transmit ....................................................................................................................................................25
10BASE-T Receive .....................................................................................................................................................25
MDI/MDI-X Auto Crossover ........................................................................................................................................25
Straight Cable .........................................................................................................................................................26
Crossover Cable .....................................................................................................................................................27
Auto-Negotiation .........................................................................................................................................................27
On-chip Termination Resistors ...................................................................................................................................29
Internal 1.2V LDO Controller ......................................................................................................................................29
Functional Overview: Power Management .................................................................................................................29
Normal Operation Mode .............................................................................................................................................29
Energy Detect Mode ...................................................................................................................................................30
Soft Power Down Mode ..............................................................................................................................................30
Power Saving Mode ....................................................................................................................................................30
Port-based Power Down Mode ...................................................................................................................................30
Functional Overview: Switch Core ..............................................................................................................................30
Address Look-Up ........................................................................................................................................................30
Learning ......................................................................................................................................................................30
Migration .....................................................................................................................................................................31
Aging ........................................................................................................................................................................... 31
Forwarding ..................................................................................................................................................................31
Switching Engine ........................................................................................................................................................31
Media Access Controller (MAC) Operation ................................................................................................................31
Inter-Packet Gap (IPG) ...........................................................................................................................................31
Backoff Algorithm....................................................................................................................................................31
Late Collision ..........................................................................................................................................................31
Illegal Frames .........................................................................................................................................................32
Flow Control ............................................................................................................................................................32
Half-Duplex Back Pressure ....................................................................................................................................35
Broadcast Storm Protection ....................................................................................................................................35
January 22, 2013
4
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MII Interface Operation ...............................................................................................................................................36
Port 5 PHY 5 P5-MII/RMII Interface............................................................................................................................36
Port 5 MAC 5 SW5-MII Interface for the KSZ8895MQ/FMQ ......................................................................................37
Port 5 MAC 5 Switch SW5-RMII Interface for the KSZ8895RQ .................................................................................38
SNI Interface Operation ..............................................................................................................................................40
Advanced Functionality ................................................................................................................................................41
QoS Priority Support ...................................................................................................................................................41
Port-Based Priority..................................................................................................................................................41
802.1p-Based Priority .............................................................................................................................................41
DiffServ-Based Priority ...........................................................................................................................................42
Spanning Tree Support ...............................................................................................................................................42
Rapid Spanning Tree Support ....................................................................................................................................43
Tail Tagging Mode ......................................................................................................................................................44
IGMP Support .............................................................................................................................................................45
Port Mirroring Support ................................................................................................................................................45
VLAN Support .............................................................................................................................................................45
Rate Limiting Support .................................................................................................................................................46
Ingress Rate Limit ...................................................................................................................................................46
Egress Rate Limit ...................................................................................................................................................47
Transmit Queue Ratio Programming ......................................................................................................................47
Filtering for Self-Address, Unknown Unicast/Multicast Address and Unknown VID Packet/IP Multicast ..................47
Configuration Interface ...............................................................................................................................................47
2
I C Master Serial Bus Configuration .......................................................................................................................47
SPI Slave Serial Bus Configuration ........................................................................................................................48
MII Management Interface (MIIM) ..........................................................................................................................51
Serial Management Interface (SMI) ........................................................................................................................51
Register Description .....................................................................................................................................................53
Global Registers .........................................................................................................................................................55
Register 0 (0x00): Chip ID0 ....................................................................................................................................55
Register 1 (0x01): Chip ID1 / Start Switch ..............................................................................................................55
Register 2 (0x02): Global Control 0 ........................................................................................................................55
Register 3 (0x03): Global Control 1 ........................................................................................................................56
Register 4 (0x04): Global Control 2 ........................................................................................................................57
Register 5 (0x05): Global Control 3 ........................................................................................................................58
Register 6 (0x07): Global Control 4 ........................................................................................................................59
Register 7 (0x07): Global Control 5 ........................................................................................................................60
Register 8 (0x08): Global Control 6 ........................................................................................................................60
Register 9 (0x09): Global Control 7 ........................................................................................................................60
Register 10 (0x0A): Global Control 8......................................................................................................................61
Register 11 (0x0B): Global Control 9......................................................................................................................61
Register 12 (0x0C): Global Control 10 ...................................................................................................................62
Register 13 (0x0D): Global Control 11 ...................................................................................................................62
Register 14 (0x0E): Power Down Management Control 1 .....................................................................................62
Register 15 (0x0F): Power Down Management Control 2......................................................................................63
January 22, 2013
5
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port Registers .............................................................................................................................................................64
Register 16 (0x10): Port 1 Control 0 .......................................................................................................................64
Register 32 (0x20): Port 2 Control 0 .......................................................................................................................64
Register 48 (0x30): Port 3 Control 0 .......................................................................................................................64
Register 64 (0x40): Port 4 Control 0 .......................................................................................................................64
Register 80 (0x50): Port 5 Control 0 .......................................................................................................................64
Register 17 (0x11): Port 1 Control 1 .......................................................................................................................65
Register 33 (0x21): Port 2 Control 1 .......................................................................................................................65
Register 49 (0x31): Port 3 Control 1 .......................................................................................................................65
Register 65 (0x41): Port 4 Control 1 .......................................................................................................................65
Register 81 (0x51): Port 5 Control 1 .......................................................................................................................65
Register 18 (0x12): Port 1 Control 2 .......................................................................................................................66
Register 34 (0x22): Port 2 Control 2 .......................................................................................................................66
Register 50 (0x32): Port 3 Control 2 .......................................................................................................................66
Register 66 (0x42): Port 4 Control 2 .......................................................................................................................66
Register 82 (0x52): Port 5 Control 2 .......................................................................................................................66
Register 19 (0x13): Port 1 Control 3 .......................................................................................................................67
Register 35 (0x23): Port 2 Control 3 .......................................................................................................................67
Register 51 (0x33): Port 3 Control 3 .......................................................................................................................67
Register 67 (0x43): Port 4 Control 3 .......................................................................................................................67
Register 83 (0x53): Port 5 Control 3 .......................................................................................................................67
Register 20 (0x14): Port 1 Control 4 .......................................................................................................................67
Register 36 (0x24): Port 2 Control 4 .......................................................................................................................67
Register 52 (0x34): Port 3 Control 4 .......................................................................................................................67
Register 68 (0x44): Port 4 Control 4 .......................................................................................................................67
Register 84 (0x54): Port 5 Control 4 .......................................................................................................................67
Register 87 (0x57): RMII Management Control Register .......................................................................................67
Register 25 (0x19): Port 1 Status 0 ........................................................................................................................68
Register 41 (0x29): Port 2 Status 0 ........................................................................................................................68
Register 57 (0x39): Port 3 Status 0 ........................................................................................................................68
Register 73 (0x49): Port 4 Status 0 ........................................................................................................................68
Register 89 (0x59): Port 5 Status 0 ........................................................................................................................68
Register 26 (0x1A): Port 1 PHY Special Control/Status .........................................................................................68
Register 42 (0x2A): Port 2 PHY Special Control/Status .........................................................................................68
Register 58 (0x3A): Port 3 PHY Special Control/Status .........................................................................................68
Register 74 (0x4A): Port 4 PHY Special Control/Status .........................................................................................68
Register 90 (0x5A): Port 5 PHY Special Control/Status .........................................................................................68
Register 27 (0x1B): Reserved ................................................................................................................................69
Register 43 (0x2B): Reserved ................................................................................................................................69
Register 59 (0x3B): Reserved ................................................................................................................................69
Register 75 (0x4B): Reserved ................................................................................................................................69
Register 91 (0x5B): Reserved ................................................................................................................................69
Register 28 (0x1C): Port 1 Control 5 ......................................................................................................................69
Register 44 (0x2C): Port 2 Control 5 ......................................................................................................................69
January 22, 2013
6
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Register 60 (0x3C): Port 3 Control 5 ......................................................................................................................69
Register 76 (0x4C): Port 4 Control 5 ......................................................................................................................69
Register 92 (0x5C): Port 5 Control 5 ......................................................................................................................69
Register 29 (0x1D): Port 1 Control 6 ......................................................................................................................70
Register 45 (0x2D): Port 2 Control 6 ......................................................................................................................70
Register 61 (0x3D): Port 3 Control 6 ......................................................................................................................70
Register 77 (0x4D): Port 4 Control 6 ......................................................................................................................70
Register 93 (0x5D): Port 5 Control 6 ......................................................................................................................70
Register 30 (0x1E): Port 1 Status 1 ........................................................................................................................71
Register 46 (0x2E): Port 2 Status 1 ........................................................................................................................71
Register 62 (0x3E): Port 3 Status 1 ........................................................................................................................71
Register 78 (0x4E): Port 4 Status 1 ........................................................................................................................71
Register 94 (0x5E): Port 5 Status 1 ........................................................................................................................71
Register 31 (0x1F): Port 1 Control 7 and Status 2 .................................................................................................71
Register 47 (0x2F): Port 2 Control 7 and Status 2 .................................................................................................71
Register 63 (0x3F): Port 3 Control 7 and Status 2 .................................................................................................71
Register 79 (0x4F): Port 4 Control 7 and Status 2 .................................................................................................71
Register 95 (0x5F): Port 5 Control 7 and Status 2 .................................................................................................71
Advanced Control Registers .......................................................................................................................................72
Register 104 (0x68): MAC Address Register 0 ......................................................................................................72
Register 105 (0x69): MAC Address Register 1 ......................................................................................................72
Register 106 (0x6A): MAC Address Register 2 ......................................................................................................72
Register 107 (0x6B): MAC Address Register 3 ......................................................................................................72
Register 108 (0x6C): MAC Address Register 4 ......................................................................................................72
Register 109 (0X6D): MAC Address Register 5 .....................................................................................................72
Register 110 (0x6E): Indirect Access Control 0 .....................................................................................................73
Register 111 (0x6F): Indirect Access Control 1 ......................................................................................................73
Register 112 (0x70): Indirect Data Register 8 ........................................................................................................74
Register 113 (0x71): Indirect Data Register 7 ........................................................................................................74
Register 114 (0x72): Indirect Data Register 6 ........................................................................................................74
Register 115 (0x73): Indirect Data Register 5 ........................................................................................................74
Register 116 (0x74): Indirect Data Register 4 ........................................................................................................74
Register 117 (0x75): Indirect Data Register 3 ........................................................................................................74
Register 118 (0x76): Indirect Data Register 2 ........................................................................................................74
Register 119 (0x77): Indirect Data Register 1 ........................................................................................................74
Register 120 (0x78): Indirect Data Register 0 ........................................................................................................74
Register 124 (0x7C): Interrupt Status Register ......................................................................................................74
Register 125 (0x7D): Interrupt Mask Register ........................................................................................................75
Register 128 (0x80): Global Control 12 ..................................................................................................................75
Register 129 (0x81): Global Control 13 ..................................................................................................................75
Register 130 (0x82): Global Control 14 ..................................................................................................................76
Register 131 (0x83): Global Control 15 ..................................................................................................................76
Register 132 (0x84): Global Control 16 ..................................................................................................................77
Register 133(0x85): Global Control 17 ...................................................................................................................77
January 22, 2013
7
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Register 134 (0x86): Global Control 18 ..................................................................................................................77
Register 135 (0x87): Global Control 19 ..................................................................................................................78
Register 144 (0x90): TOS Priority Control Register 0 ............................................................................................78
Register 145 (0x91): TOS Priority Control Register 1 ............................................................................................79
Register 146 (0x92): TOS Priority Control Register 2 ............................................................................................79
Register 147 (0x93): TOS Priority Control Register 3 ............................................................................................79
Register 148 (0x94): TOS Priority Control Register 4 ............................................................................................79
Register 149 (0x95): TOS Priority Control Register 5 ............................................................................................80
Register 150 (0x96): TOS Priority Control Register 6 ............................................................................................80
Register 151 (0x97): TOS Priority Control Register 7 ............................................................................................80
Register 152 (0x98): TOS Priority Control Register 8 ............................................................................................80
Register 153 (0x99): TOS Priority Control Register 9 ............................................................................................80
Register 154 (0x9A): TOS Priority Control Register 10 ..........................................................................................80
Register 155 (0x9B): TOS Priority Control Register 11 ..........................................................................................80
Register 156 (0x9C): TOS Priority Control Register 12 ..........................................................................................81
Register 157 (0x9D): TOS Priority Control Register 13 ..........................................................................................81
Register 158 (0x9E): TOS Priority Control Register 14 ..........................................................................................81
Register 159 (0x9F): TOS Priority Control Register 15 ..........................................................................................81
Register 165 (0xA5): Fiber Control Register ..........................................................................................................81
Register 176 (0xB0): Port 1 Control 8 ....................................................................................................................82
Register 192 (0xC0): Port 2 Control 8 ....................................................................................................................82
Register 208 (0xD0): Port 3 Control 8 ....................................................................................................................82
Register 224 (0xE0): Port 4 Control 8 ....................................................................................................................82
Register 240 (0xF0): Port 5 Control 8.....................................................................................................................82
Register 177 (0xB1): Port 1 Control 9 ....................................................................................................................83
Register 193 (0xC1): Port 2 Control 9 ....................................................................................................................83
Register 209 (0xD1): Port 3 Control 9 ....................................................................................................................83
Register 225 (0xE1): Port 4 Control 9 ....................................................................................................................83
Register 241 (0xF1): Port 5 Control 9.....................................................................................................................83
Register 178 (0xB2): Port 1 Control 10 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 194 (0xC2): Port 2 Control 10 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 210 (0xD2): Port 3 Control 10 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 226 (0xE2): Port 4 Control 10 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 242 (0xF2): Port 5 Control 10...................................................................................................................84
Register 179 (0xB3): Port 1 Control 11 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 195 (0xC3): Port 2 Control 11 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 211 (0xD3): Port 3 Control 11 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 227 (0xE3): Port 4 Control 11 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 243 (0xF3): Port 5 Control 11...................................................................................................................84
Register 180 (0xB4): Port 1 Control 12 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 196 (0xC4): Port 2 Control 12 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 212 (0xD4): Port 3 Control 12 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 228 (0xE4): Port 4 Control 12 ..................................................................................................................84
Register 244 (0xF4): Port 5 Control 12...................................................................................................................84
January 22, 2013
8
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Register 181 (0xB5): Port 1 Control 13 ..................................................................................................................85
Register 197 (0xC5): Port 2 Control 13 ..................................................................................................................85
Register 213 (0xD5): Port 3 Control 13 ..................................................................................................................85
Register 229 (0xE5): Port 4 Control 13 ..................................................................................................................85
Register 245 (0xF5): Port 5 Control 13...................................................................................................................85
Register 182 (0xB6): Port 1 Rate Limit Control ......................................................................................................85
Register 198 (0xC6): Port 2 Rate Limit Control ......................................................................................................85
Register 214 (0xD6): Port 3 Rate Limit Control ......................................................................................................85
Register 230 (0xE6): Port 4 Rate Limit Control ......................................................................................................85
Register 246 (0xF6): Port 5 Rate Limit Control ......................................................................................................85
Register 183 (0xB7): Port 1 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1................................................................................86
Register 199 (0xC7): Port 2 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1 ...............................................................................86
Register 215 (0xD7): Port 3 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1 ...............................................................................86
Register 231 (0xE7): Port 4 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1................................................................................86
Register 247 (0xF7): Port 5 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1 ................................................................................86
Register 184 (0xB8): Port 1 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2................................................................................86
Register 200 (0xC8): Port 2 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2 ...............................................................................86
Register 216 (0xD8): Port 3 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2 ...............................................................................86
Register 232 (0xE8): Port 4 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2................................................................................86
Register 248 (0xF8): Port 5 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2 ................................................................................86
Register 185 (0xB9): Port 1 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3................................................................................86
Register 201 (0xC9): Port 2 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3 ...............................................................................86
Register 217 (0xD9): Port 3 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3 ...............................................................................86
Register 233 (0xE9): Port 4 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3................................................................................86
Register 249 (0xF9): Port 5 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3 ................................................................................86
Register 186 (0xBA): Port 1 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4 ...............................................................................86
Register 202 (0xCA): Port 2 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4 ...............................................................................86
Register 218 (0xDA): Port 3 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4 ...............................................................................86
Register 234 (0xEA): Port 4 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4 ...............................................................................86
Register 250 (0xFA): Port 5 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4 ...............................................................................86
Register 187 (0xBB): Port 1 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1 ................................................................................87
Register 203 (0xCB): Port 2 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1 ................................................................................87
Register 219 (0xDB): Port 3 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1 ................................................................................87
Register 235 (0xEB): Port 4 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1 ................................................................................87
Register 251 (0xFB): Port 5 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1 ................................................................................87
Register 188 (0xBC) : Port 1 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2 ...............................................................................87
Register 204 (0xCC) : Port 2 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2 ...............................................................................87
Register 220 (0xDC) : Port 3 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2 ...............................................................................87
Register 236 (0xEC) : Port 4 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2 ...............................................................................87
Register 252 (0xFC) : Port 5 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2 ...............................................................................87
Register 189 (0xBD): Port 1 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3 ................................................................................87
Register 205 (0xCD): Port 2 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3 ................................................................................87
Register 221 (0xDD): Port 3 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3 ................................................................................87
Register 237 (0xED): Port 4 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3 ................................................................................87
January 22, 2013
9
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Register 253 (0xFD): Port 5 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3 ................................................................................87
Register 190 (0xBE) : Port 1 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4 ...............................................................................88
Register 206 (0xCE) : Port 2 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4 ...............................................................................88
Register 222 (0xDE) : Port 3 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4 ...............................................................................88
Register 238 (0xEE): Port 4 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4 ................................................................................88
Register 254 (0xFE): Port 5 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4 ................................................................................88
Data Rate Selection Table in 100BT ..........................................................................................................................89
Data Rate Selection Table in 10BT ............................................................................................................................89
Register 191(0xBF): Testing Register ....................................................................................................................90
Register 207(0xCF): Reserved Control Register ...................................................................................................90
Register 223(0xDF): Test Register 2 ......................................................................................................................90
Register 239(0xEF): Test Register 3 ......................................................................................................................90
Register 255(0xFF): Testing Register4 ..................................................................................................................90
Static MAC Address Table ...........................................................................................................................................91
VLAN Table ....................................................................................................................................................................93
Dynamic MAC Address Table ......................................................................................................................................95
MIB (Management Information Base) Counters .........................................................................................................96
MIIM Registers ...............................................................................................................................................................99
Register 0h: MII Control ..............................................................................................................................................99
Register 1h: MII Status .............................................................................................................................................100
Register 2h: PHYID HIGH ........................................................................................................................................100
Register 3h: PHYID LOW .........................................................................................................................................100
Register 4h: Advertisement Ability ............................................................................................................................100
Register 5h: Link Partner Ability ...............................................................................................................................101
Register 1dh: Reserved ...........................................................................................................................................101
Register 1fh: PHY Special Control/Status ................................................................................................................101
(1)
Absolute Maximum Ratings ....................................................................................................................................103
(2)
Operating Ratings ....................................................................................................................................................103
(4, 5)
Electrical Characteristics
......................................................................................................................................103
Timing Diagrams .........................................................................................................................................................105
EEPROM Timing.......................................................................................................................................................105
SNI Timing ................................................................................................................................................................106
MII Timing .................................................................................................................................................................107
RMII Timing...............................................................................................................................................................109
SPI Timing ................................................................................................................................................................110
Auto-Negotiation Timing ...........................................................................................................................................112
MDC/MDIO Timing....................................................................................................................................................113
Reset Timing .............................................................................................................................................................114
Reset Circuit Diagram ...............................................................................................................................................115
(1)
Selection of Isolation Transformer .........................................................................................................................116
Selection of Reference Crystal ..................................................................................................................................116
Package Information ...................................................................................................................................................117
January 22, 2013
10
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
List of Figures
Figure 1. Typical Straight Cable Connection ............................................................................................................... 26
Figure 2. Typical Crossover Cable Connection ........................................................................................................... 27
Figure 3. Auto-Negotiation ........................................................................................................................................... 28
Figure 4. Destination Address Lookup Flow Chart, Stage 1 ........................................................................................ 33
Figure 5. Destination Address Resolution Flow Chart, Stage 2 ................................................................................... 34
Figure 6. 802.1p Priority Field Format.......................................................................................................................... 41
Figure 7. Tail Tag Frame Format .................................................................................................................................. 44
Figure 8. KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ EEPROM Configuration Timing Diagram ................................................................ 48
Figure 9. SPI Write Data Cycle .................................................................................................................................... 49
Figure 10. SPI Read Data Cycle .................................................................................................................................. 49
Figure 11. SPI Multiple Write ....................................................................................................................................... 50
Figure 12. SPI Multiple Read ....................................................................................................................................... 50
Figure 13. EEPROM Interface Input Receive Timing Diagram .................................................................................. 105
Figure 14. EEPROM Interface Output Transmit Timing Diagram .............................................................................. 105
Figure 15. SNI Input Timing ....................................................................................................................................... 106
Figure 16. SNI Output Timing .................................................................................................................................... 106
Figure 17. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII .................................................................................... 107
Figure 18. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted from MII ................................................................................ 107
Figure 19. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII ..................................................................................... 108
Figure 20. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted from MII ................................................................................. 108
Figure 21. RMII Timing – Data Received from RMII .................................................................................................. 109
Figure 22. RMII Timing – Data Transmitted to RMII .................................................................................................. 109
Figure 23. SPI Input Timing ....................................................................................................................................... 110
Figure 24. SPI Output Timing ..................................................................................................................................... 111
Figure 25: Auto-Negotiation Timing ........................................................................................................................... 112
Figure 26. MDC/MDIO Timing .................................................................................................................................... 113
Figure 27. Reset Timing ............................................................................................................................................. 114
Figure 28. Recommended Reset Circuit .................................................................................................................... 115
Figure 29. Recommended Circuit for Interfacing with CPU/FPGA Reset .................................................................. 115
January 22, 2013
11
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
List of Tables
Table 1. MDI/MDI-X Pin Definitions ............................................................................................................................. 26
Table 2. Internal Function Block Status ........................................................................................................................ 29
Table 3. Port 5 PHY P5-MII/RMII Signals .................................................................................................................... 36
Table 4. Switch MAC5 MII Signals ............................................................................................................................... 37
Table 5. Port 5 MAC5 SW5-RMII Connection .............................................................................................................. 39
Table 6. SNI Signals..................................................................................................................................................... 40
Table 7. Tail Tag Rules ................................................................................................................................................ 44
Table 8. FID+DA Look-Up in the VLAN Mode ............................................................................................................. 46
Table 9. FID+SA Look-Up in the VLAN Mode.............................................................................................................. 46
Table 10. SPI Connections .......................................................................................................................................... 49
Table 11. MII Management Interface Frame Format ................................................................................................... 51
Table 12. Serial Management Interface (SMI) Frame Format ..................................................................................... 51
Table 13. 100BT Rate Selection for the Rate limit ....................................................................................................... 89
Table 14. 10BT Rate Selection for the Rate Limit........................................................................................................ 89
Table 15. Static MAC Address Table ........................................................................................................................... 91
Table 16. VLAN Table .................................................................................................................................................. 93
Table 17. VLAN ID and Indirect Registers ................................................................................................................... 94
Table 18. Dynamic MAC Address Table ...................................................................................................................... 95
Table 19. Port1 MIB Counter Indirect Memory Offerts................................................................................................. 96
Table 20. Format of “Per Port” MIB Counter ................................................................................................................ 97
Table 21. All Port Dropped Packet MIB Counters ........................................................................................................ 97
Table 22. Format of “All Dropped Packet” MIB Counter .............................................................................................. 97
Table 23. EEPROM Timing Parameters .................................................................................................................... 105
Table 24. SNI Timing Parameters .............................................................................................................................. 106
Table 25. MAC Mode MII Timing Parameters ............................................................................................................ 107
Table 26. PHY Mode MII Timing Parameters ............................................................................................................ 108
Table 27. RMII Timing Parameters ............................................................................................................................ 109
Table 28. SPI Input Timing Parameters ..................................................................................................................... 110
Table 29. SPI Output Timing Parameters .................................................................................................................. 111
Table 30. Auto-Negotiation Timing Parameters ......................................................................................................... 112
Table 31. MDC/MDIO Typical Timing Parameters ..................................................................................................... 113
Table 32. Reset Timing Parameters .......................................................................................................................... 114
Table 33. Transformer Selection Criteria ................................................................................................................... 116
Table 34. Qualified Magnetic Vendors ....................................................................................................................... 116
Table 35. Typical Reference Crystal Characteristics ................................................................................................. 116
January 22, 2013
12
Revision 1.6
MDIXDIS
GNDA
VDDAR
RXP1
RXM1
GNDA
TXP1
TXM1
VDDAT
RXP2
RXM2
GNDA
TXP2
TXM2
VDDAR
GNDA
ISET
VDDAT
RXP3
RXM3
GNDA
TXP3
TXM3
VDDAT
RXP4
RXM4
GNDA
TXP4
TXM4
GNDA
VDDAR
RXP5
RXM5
GNDA
TXP5
TXM5
VDDAT
FXSD3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
102
101
100
99
98
97
96
95
94
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
79
78
77
76
75
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
LED2-1
LED2-2
VDDIO
GNDD
LED3-0
LED3-1
LED3-2
LED4-0
LED4-1
LED4-2
LED5-0
LED5-1
LED5-2
VDDC
GNDD
SCONF0
SCONF1
SCRS
SCOL
SMRXD0
SMRXD1
SMRXD2
SMRXD3
SMRXDV/SMCRSDV
SMRXC
VDDIO
GNDD
SMTXC/SMREFCLK
SMTXER
SMTXD0
SMTXD1
SMTXD2
SMTXD3
SMTXEN
PCOL
PCRS
PMRXER
PMRXD0
Micrel, Inc.
LED2-0
LED1-2
LED1-1
LED1-0
MDC
MDIO
SPIQ
SPIC/SCL
SPID/SDA
SPIS_N
PS1
PS0
RST_N
GNDD
VDDC
TESTEN
SCANEN
NC
X1
X2
NC
NC
LDO_O
IN_PWR_SEL
GNDA
TEST2
January 22, 2013
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin Configuration
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
(Top View)
13
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
PMRXD1
PMRXD2
PMRXD3
PMRXDV/PMCRSDV
PMRXC
VDDIO
GNDD
PMTXC/PMREFCLK
PMTXER
PMTXD0
PMTXD1
PMTXD2
PMTXD3
PMTXEN
VDDC
GNDD
INTR_N
PWRDN_N
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
FXSD4
128-Pin PQFP
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin Description
(1)
Port
Pin Name
Type
1
MDI-XDIS
IPD
2
GNDA
GND
3
VDDAR
P
4
RXP1
I
1
Physical receive signal + (differential).
5
RXM1
I
1
Physical receive signal - (differential).
6
GNDA
GND
7
TXP1
O
1
Physical transmit signal + (differential).
8
TXM1
O
1
Physical transmit signal - (differential).
1−5
Pin Function
(2)
Pin Number
Disable auto MDI/MDI-X.
PD (default) = normal operation.
PU = disable auto MDI/MDI-X on all ports.
Analog ground.
1.2V analog VDD.
Analog ground.
9
VDDAT
P
10
RXP2
I
2
Physical receive signal + (differential).
3.3V analog VDD.
11
RXM2
I
2
Physical receive signal - (differential).
12
GNDA
GND
13
TXP2
O
2
Physical transmit signal + (differential).
14
TXM2
O
2
Physical transmit signal - (differential).
15
VDDAR
P
16
GNDA
GND
17
ISET
18
VDDAT
P
19
RXP3
I
3
Physical receive signal + (differential).
20
RXM3
I
3
Physical receive signal - (differential).
21
GNDA
GND
22
TXP3
O
3
Physical transmit signal + (differential).
23
TXM3
O
3
Physical transmit signal – (differential).
24
VDDAT
P
25
RXP4
I
4
Physical receive signal + (differential).
4
Physical receive signal - (differential).
Analog ground.
1.2V analog VDD.
Analog ground.
Set physical transmit output current. Pull-down with a
12.4kΩ1% resistor.
3.3V analog VDD.
Analog ground.
3.3V analog VDD.
26
RXM4
I
27
GNDA
GND
28
TXP4
O
4
Physical transmit signal + (differential).
29
TXM4
O
4
Physical transmit signal - (differential).
30
GNDA
GND
31
VDDAR
P
32
RXP5
I
5
Physical receive signal + (differential).
5
Physical receive signal - (differential).
Analog ground.
Analog ground.
1.2V analog VDD.
33
RXM5
I
34
GNDA
GND
35
TXP5
O
5
Physical transmit signal + (differential).
36
TXM5
O
5
Physical transmit signal - (differential).
37
VDDAT
P
38
FXSD3
IPD
January 22, 2013
Analog ground.
3
3.3V analog VDD.
FMQ: Fiber signal detect pin for Port 3.
MQ/RQ: no connection.
14
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin Description (Continued)
Type
(1)
Port
(2)
Pin Number
Pin Name
39
FXSD4
IPD
40
NC
NC
Pin Function
FMQ: Fiber signal detect pin for Port 4.
MQ/RQ: no connection.
No connect.
41
NC
NC
No connect.
42
NC
NC
No connect.
43
NC
NC
No connect.
44
NC
NC
No connect.
45
NC
NC
No connect.
46
NC
NC
No connect.
47
PWRDN_N
IPU
Full-chip power down. Active low.
48
INTR_N
OPU
Interrupt. This pin is Open-Drain output pin.
49
GNDD
GND
Digital ground.
50
VDDC
P
51
PMTXEN
IPD
5
52
PMTXD3
IPD
5
53
PMTXD2
IPD
5
54
PMTXD1
IPD
5
PHY[5] MII/RMII transmit enable.
MQ/FMQ: PHY[5] MII transmit bit 3.
RQ: no connection for RMII.
MQ/FMQ: PHY[5] MII transmit bit 2.
RQ: no connection for RMII.
PHY[5] MII/RMII transmit bit 1.
55
PMTXD0
IPD
5
PHY[5] MII/RMII transmit bit 0.
56
PMTXER
IPD
5
57
PMTXC/PMREFCLK
I/O
5
58
GNDD
GND
MQ/FMQ: PHY[5] MII transmit error. RQ: no connection for RMII.
MQ/FMQ: Output PHY[5] MII transmit clock
RQ: Input PHY[5] RMII reference clock, 50MHz ±50ppm, the
50MHz clock comes from PMRXC Pin 60.
Digital ground.
59
VDDIO
P
60
PMRXC
I/O
5
3.3V, 2.5V or 1.8V digital VDD for digital I/O circuitry.
MQ/FMQ: Output PHY[5] MII receive clock.
RQ: Output PHY[5] RMII reference clock, this clock is used when
opposite doesn’t provide RMII 50MHz clock or the system doesn’t
provide an external 50MHz clock for the P5-RMII interface.
MQ/FMQ: PMRXDV is for PHY[5] MII receive data valid.
61
PMRXDV/PMCRSDV
IPD/O
5
4
1.2V digital core VDD.
RQ: PMCRSDV is for PHY[5] RMII Carrier Sense/Receive Data
Valid Output.
MQ/FMQ: PHY[5] MII receive bit 3.
RQ: no connection for RMII.
62
PMRXD3
IPD/O
5
Strap option:
PD (default) = enable flow control.
PU = disable flow control.
MQ/FMQ: PHY[5] MII receive bit 2.
RQ: no connection for RMII.
63
PMRXD2
IPD/O
5
Strap option:
PD (default) = disable back pressure.
PU = enable back pressure.
January 22, 2013
15
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin Description (Continued)
Pin Number
Pin Name
Type
(1)
Port
Pin Function
(2)
PHY[5] MII/RMII receive bit 1.
64
PMRXD1
IPD/O
5
Strap option:
PD (default) = drop excessive collision packets.
PU = does not drop excessive collision packets.
PHY[5] MII/RMII receive bit 0.
Strap option:
65
PMRXD0
IPD/O
5
PD (default) = disable aggressive back-off algorithm in half-duplex
mode.
PU = enable for performance enhancement.
MQ/FMQ:PHY[5] MII receive error
RQ: no connection for RMII
66
PMRXER
IPD/O
5
Strap option:
PD (default) = packet size 1518/1522 bytes.
PU = 1536 bytes.
MQ/FMQ: PHY[5] MII carrier sense.
RQ: no connection for RMII.
Strap option for port 4 only.
67
PCRS
IPD/O
5
PD (default) = force half-duplex if auto-negotiation is disabled or
fails.
PU = force full-duplex if auto negotiation is disabled or fails. Refer
to Register 76.
MQ/FMQ: PHY[5] MII collision detect.
RQ: no connection.
68
PCOL
IPD/O
5
Strap option for port 4 only.
PD (default) = no force flow control, normal operation.
PU = force flow control. Refer to Register 66.
69
SMTXEN
IPD
70
SMTXD3
IPD
71
SMTXD2
IPD
72
SMTXD1
IPD
73
SMTXD0
IPD
74
SMTXER
IPD
75
SMTXC/SMREFCLK
I/O
76
GNDD
GND
77
VDDIO
P
January 22, 2013
Port 5 Switch MII/RMII transmit enable.
MQ/FMQ: Port 5 Switch MII transmit bit 3.
RQ: no connection for RMII.
MQ/FMQ: Port 5 Switch MII transmit bit 2.
RQ: no connection for RMII.
Port 5 Switch MII/RMII transmit bit 1.
Port 5 Switch MII/RMII transmit bit 0.
MQ/FMQ: Port 5 Switch MII transmit error.
RQ: no connection for RMII.
MQ/FMQ: Port 5 Switch MII transmit clock,
Input: SW5-MII MAC mode, Output: SW5-MII PHY modes.
RQ: Input SW5-RMII 50MHz +/-50ppm reference clock. The
50MHz clock comes from SMRXC Pin 78 when the device is the
clock mode which the device’s clock comes from 25MHz
crystal/oscillator from pins X1/X2. Or the 50MHz clock comes
from external 50MHz clock source when the device is the normal
mode which the device’s clock source comes from SMTXC pin
not from X1/X2 pins.
Digital ground.
3.3V, 2.5V or 1.8V digital VDD for digital I/O circuitry.
16
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin Description (Continued)
Pin Name
78
SMRXC
I/O
79
SMRXDV/SMCRSDV
IPD/O
80
SMRXD3
IPD/O
81
SMRXD2
IPD/O
82
SMRXD1
IPD/O
83
SMRXD0
IPD/O
84
SCOL
IPD/O
85
SCRS
IPD/O
January 22, 2013
Type
(1)
Pin Number
Port
(2)
Pin Function
MQ/FMQ: Port 5 Switch MII receive clock,
Input: SW5-MII MAC mode, Output: SW5-MII PHY mode.
RQ: Output SW5-RMII 50MHz clock, this clock is used when
opposite doesn’t provide RMII reference clock or the system
doesn’t provide an external 50MHz clock for the RMII interface.
MQ/FMQ: SMRXDV is for Switch MAC5 MII receive data valid.
RQ: SMCRSDV is for MAC5 RMII Carrier Sense/Receive Data
Valid Output.
MQ/FMQ: Port 5 Switch MII receive bit 3.
RQ: no connection for RMII
Strap option:
PD (default) = Disable Switch SW5-MII full-duplex flow control
PU = Enable Switch SW5-MII full-duplex flow control.
MQ/FMQ: Port 5 Switch MII receive bit 2.
RQ: no connection for RMII
Strap option:
PD (default) = Switch SW5-MII in full-duplex mode;
PU = Switch SW5-MII in half-duplex mode.
Port 5 Switch MII/RMII receive bit 1.
Strap option:
PD (default) = Port 5 Switch SW5-MII in 100Mbps mode.
PU = Switch SW5-MII in 10Mbps mode.
Port 5 Switch MII/RMII receive bit 0.
Strap option:
LED mode
PD (default) = mode 0; PU = mode 1. See “Register 11.”
Mode 0, link at:
100/Full LEDx[2,1,0] = 0, 0, 0
100/Half LEDx[2,1,0] = 0, 1, 0
10/Full LEDx[2,1,0] = 0, 0, 1
10/Half LEDx[2,1,0] = 0, 1, 1
Mode 1, link at:
100/Full LEDx[2,1,0] = 0, 1, 0
100/Half LEDx[2,1,0] = 0, 1, 1
10/Full LEDx[2,1,0] = 1, 0, 0
10/Half LEDx[2,1,0] = 1, 0, 1
Mode 0
Mode 1
LEDX_2
Lnk/Act
100Lnk/Act
LEDX_1
Fulld/Col
10Lnk/Act
LEDX_0
Speed
Full duplex
MQ/FMQ: Port 5 Switch MII collision detect,
Input: SW5-MII MAC modes, Output: SW5-MII PHY modes.
RQ: no connection for RMII
MQ/FMQ: Port 5 Switch MII modes carrier sense,
Input: SW5-MII MAC modes, Output: SW5-MII PHY modes.
RQ: no connection for RMII
17
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin Description (Continued)
Pin Number
Pin Name
Type
(1)
Port
(2)
Pin Function
Pins 91, 86, and 87 are dual MII/RMII configuration pins for the
Port 5 MAC5 MII/RMII and PHY[5] MII/RMII. SW5-MII supports
both MAC mode and PHY modes. P5-MII supports PHY mode
only. See pins configuration below.
Pin# (91, 86, 87)
000
86
SCONF1
IPD
001
010
011
100
101
110
111
87
SCONF0
IPD
88
GNDD
GND
89
VDDC
P
90
LED5-2
IPU/O
5
91
LED5-1
IPU/O
5
92
LED5-0
IPU/O
5
93
LED4-2
IPU/O
4
94
LED4-1
IPU/O
4
95
LED4-0
IPU/O
4
96
LED3-2
IPU/O
3
97
LED3-1
IPU/O
3
98
LED3-0
IPU/O
3
99
GNDD
GND
January 22, 2013
Port 5 Switch
MAC5 SW5MII/RMII
Port5 PHY5
P5- MII/RMII
Disable, Otri
PHY Mode MII, or
RMII
MAC Mode MII, or
RMII
PHY Mode SNI
Disable, Otri
Disable (default)
PHY Mode MII or
RMII
MAC Mode MII or
RMII
PHY Mode SNI
Disable (default)
Disable, Otri
Disable, Otri
Disable, Otri
P5-MII/RMII
P5-MII/RMII
P5-MII/RMII
Dual MII/RMII configuration pin. See pin 86 descriptions.
Digital ground.
1.2V digital core VDD.
LED indicator 2.
Strap option:
Aging setup. See “Aging” section.
PU (default) = aging enable
PD = aging disable.
LED indicator 1.
Strap option:
PU (default): enable PHY[5] MII I/F.
PD: tristate all PHY[5] MII output. See “Pin 86 SCONF1.”
LED indicator 0.
Strap option for port 4 only.
PU (default) = Enable auto-negotiation.
PD = Disable auto-negatiation. Strap to register76 bit[7].
LED indicator 2.
LED indicator 1.
LED indicator 0.
Strap option:
PU (default) = Normal mode.
PD = Energy Detection mode (EDPD mode)
Strap to register 14 bits[4:3]
LED indicator 2.
LED indicator 1.
LED indicator 0.
Strap option:
PU (default) = Select I/O drive strength (8mA);
PD = Select I/O drive strength (12mA).
Strap to register132 bit[7-6].
Digital ground.
18
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin Description (Continued)
Type
(1)
Pin Number
Pin Name
Port
100
VDDIO
P
101
LED2-2
IPU/O
2
102
LED2-1
IPU/O
2
103
LED2-0
IPU/O
2
104
LED1-2
IPU/O
1
105
LED1-1
IPU/O
1
106
LED1-0
IPU/O
1
107
MDC
IPU
All
108
MDIO
IPU/O
All
Pin Function
(2)
3.3V, 2.5V or 1.8V digital VDD for digital I/O circuitry.
LED indicator 2.
Strap option for RQ only:
PU (default) = Select the device as clock mode in SW5- RMII,
25MHz crystal/oscillator to X1/X2 pins of the device and pins of
SMRXC and PMRXC output 50MHz clock.
PD = Select the device as normal mode in SW5-RMII. Switch
MAC5 used only. The input clock from X1/X2 pins is not used, the
device’s clock source comes from SMTXC/SMREFCLK pin which
the 50MHz reference clock comes from external 50MHz clock
source, PMRXC can output 50MHz clock for P5-RMII interface in
the normal mode.
LED indicator 1.
Strap option: for Port 3 only.
PU (default) = Enable auto-negotiation.
PD = Disable auto-negatiation. Strap to register60 bit[7].
LED indicator 0.
LED indicator 2.
LED indicator 1.
Strap option: for port 3 only.
PU (default) = no force flow control, normal operation.
PD = force flow control. Strap to register60 bit[4].
LED indicator 0.
Strap option for port 3 only.
PU (default) = force half-duplex if auto-negotiation is disabled or
fails.
PD = force full-duplex if auto negotiation is disabled or fails.
Strap to register60 bit[5].
Switch or PHY[5] MII management (MIIM registers) data clock. Or
SMI interface clock
Switch or PHY[5] MII management (MIIM registers) data I/O. Or
SMI interface data I/O.
Features internal pull down to define pin state when not driven.
Note: Need an external pull-up when driven.
109
SPIQ
IPU/O
All
110
SPIC/SCL
IPU/O
All
SPI serial data output in SPI slave mode.
Note: Need an external pull-up when driven.
(1) Input clock up to 25MHz in SPI slave mode,
2
(2) output clock at 61kHz in I C master mode. See “Pin 113.”
Note: Need an external pull-up when driven.
(1) Serial data input in SPI slave mode;
111
SSPID/SDA
IPU/O
All
2
(2) serial data input/output in I C master mode. See “Pin 113.”
Note: Need an external pull-up when driven.
Active low.
112
SPIS_N
IPU
All
(1) SPI data transfer start in SPI slave mode. When SPIS_N is
high, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ is deselected and SPIQ is held in
high impedance state, a high-to-low transition to initiate the SPI
data transfer.
2
(2) not used in I C master mode.
January 22, 2013
19
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin Description (Continued)
Pin Number
Pin Name
Type
(1)
Port
Pin Function
(2)
Serial bus configuration pin.
For this case, if the EEPROM is not present, the
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will start itself with the PS[1.0] = 00 default
register values.
113
Notes:
1.
2.
PS1
IPD
IPD
Pin Configuration
Serial Bus Configuration
PS[1.0] = 00
I C Master Mode for EEPROM
PS[1.0] = 01
SMI Interface Mode
PS[1.0] = 10
SPI Slave Mode for CPU Interface
PS[1.0] = 11
Factory Test Mode (BIST)
2
114
PS0
Serial bus configuration pin. See “Pin 113.”
115
RST_N
IPU
Reset the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ device. Active low.
116
GNDD
GND
Digital ground.
117
VDDC
P
118
TESTEN
IPD
NC for normal operation. Factory test pin.
119
SCANEN
IPD
NC for normal operation. Factory test pin.
120
NC
NC
121
X1
I
122
X2
O
No connect.
25MHz crystal clock connection/or 3.3V Oscillator input.
Crystal/Oscillator should be ±50ppm tolerance.
25MHz crystal clock connection.
123
NC
NC
No connect.
124
NC
NC
No connect.
When pin126 is pull-up, the Internal 1.2V LDO controller is
enabled and creates a 1.2V output when using an external FET.
When pin126 is pull-down, the pin 125 is tristated.
125
LDO_O
P
126
IN_PWR_SEL
I
127
GNDA
GND
128
TEST2
NC
1.2V digital core VDD.
Note: Use a 200Ω (approximately) resistor between the source
and drain pins on the FET if 3.3V power rail exhibits a slow ramp
(>1ms) when using this internal 1.2V LDO controller. You can also
use an external 1.2V LDO when 3.3V power ramp-up time is slow.
Pull-up to enable LDO_O of pin 125. Pull-down to disable LDO_0.
Note: use resistors for this pin pull-up and pull-down.
Analog ground.
NC for normal operation. Factory test pin.
P = Power supply.
I = Input.
O = Output.
I/O = Bidirectional.
GND = Ground.
IPU = Input w/internal pull-up.
IPD = Input w/internal pull-down.
IPD/O = Input w/internal pull-down during reset, output pin otherwise.
IPU/O = Input w/internal pull-up during reset, output pin otherwise.
NC = No connect.
PU = Strap pin pull-up.
PD = Strap pull-down.
OTRI = Output tristated.
January 22, 2013
20
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin for Strap-in Options
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ can function as a managed switch or an unmanaged switch. If no EEPROM or microcontroller exists, then the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will operate from its default setting. The strap-in option pins can be
configured by external pull-up/down resistors and take effect after power down reset or warm reset. The functions are
described in the table below.
(1)
Pin #
Pin Name
PU/PD
1
MDI-XDIS
IPD
62
PMRXD3
IPD/O
63
PMRXD2
IPD/O
64
PMRXD1
IPD/O
65
PMRXD0
IPD/O
66
PMRXER
IPD/O
67
PCRS
IPD/O
68
PCOL
IPD/O
80
SMRXD3
IPD/O
81
SMRXD2
IPD/O
82
SMRXD1
IPD/O
January 22, 2013
(1)
Description
Disable auto MDI/MDI-X.
Strap option:
PD = (default) = normal operation.
PU = disable auto MDI/MDI-X on all ports.
PHY[5] MII receive bit 3.
Strap option:
PD (default) = enable flow control;
PU = disable flow control.
PHY[5] MII receive bit 2.
Strap option:
PD (default) = disable back pressure;
PU = enable back pressure.
PHY[5] MII receive bit 1.
Strap option:
PD (default) = drop excessive collision packets;
PU = does not drop excessive collision packets.
PHY[5] MII receive bit 0.
Strap option:
PD (default) = disable aggressive back-off algorithm in half-duplex mode;
PU = enable for performance enhancement.
PHY[5] MII receive error.
Strap option:
PD (default) = 1522/1518 bytes;
PU = packet size up to 1536 bytes.
PHY[5] MII carrier sense
Strap option for Port 4 only.
PD (default) = force half-duplex if auto-negotiation is disabled or fails.
PU = force full-duplex if auto-negotiation is disabled or fails. Refer to register
76.
PHY[5] MII collision detect
Strap option for Port 4 only.
PD (default) = no force flow control.
PU = force flow control. Refer to register 66.
Switch MII receive bit 3.
Strap option:
PD (default) = disable switch SW5-MII full-duplex flow control;
PU = enable switch SW5-MII full-duplex flow control.
Switch MII receive bit 2.
Strap option:
PD (default) = switch SW5-MII in full-duplex mode;
PU = switch SW5-MII in half-duplex mode.
Switch MII receive bit 1.
Strap option:
PD (default) = switch SW5-MII in 100Mbps mode.
PU = switch MII in 10Mbps mode.
21
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin for Strap-in Options (Continued)
Pin #
Pin Name
(1)
PU/PD
(1)
Description
Switch MII receive bit 0.
Strap option: LED mode PD (default) = mode 0; PU = mode 1. See “Register
11.”
83
SMRXD0
Mode 0
Mode 1
LEDX_2
Lnk/Act
100Lnk/Act
LEDX_1
Fulld/Col
10Lnk/Act
LEDX_0
Speed
Fulld
IPD/O
Pin 91,86,87 are dual MII/RMII configuration pins for the Port 5 MAC 5 MII/RMII
and PHY[5] MII/RMII. SW5-MII supports both MAC mode and PHY modes. P5MII supports PHY mode only. See pins configuration below.
Port 5 MAC 5 Switch
Port 5 PHY [5]
Pins [91, 86, 87]
SW5-MII
MII/RMII P5-MII/RMII
86
87
SCONF1
SCONF0
IPD
IPD
90
LED5-2
IPU/O
91
LED5-1
IPU/O
92
LED5-0
IPU/O
95
LED4-0
IPU/O
98
LED3-0
IPU/O
January 22, 2013
000
Disable, Otri
Disable, Otri
001
PHY Mode MII or RMII
Disable, Otri
010
MAC Mode MII or RMII
Disable, Otri
011
PHY Mode SNI
Disable, Otri
100
Disable
Disable
101
PHY Mode MII or RMII
P5- MII/RMII
110
MAC Mode MII or RMII
P5- MII/RMII
111
PHY Mode SNI
P5- MII/RMII
Dual MII/RMII configuration pin. See pin 86 description.
LED5 indicator 2.
Strap option: Aging setup. See “Aging” section
PU (default) = aging enable;
PD = aging disable.
LED5 indicator 1.
Strap option:
PU (default): enable PHY[5] MII I/F.
PD: tristate all PHY[5] MII output. See “Pin 86 SCONF1.”
LED5 indicator 0.
Strap option for Port 4 only.
PU (default) = Enable auto-negotiation.
PD = Disable auto-negatiation. Strap to register76 bit[7].
LED indicator 0.
Strap option:
PU (default) = Normal mode.
PD = Energy Detection mode (EDPD mode).
Strap to register 14 bits[4:3].
LED3 indicator 0.
Strap option:
PU (default) = Select I/O current drive strength (8mA);
PD = Select I/O current drive strength (12mA).
Strap to register132 bit[7:6].
22
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
Pin #
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin Name
(1)
PU/PD
101
LED2-2
IPU/O
102
LED2-1
IPU/O
105
LED1-1
IPU/O
106
LED1-0
IPU/O
113
PS1
IPD
(1)
Description
LED2 indicator 2.
Strap option for KSZ8895RQ only:
PU (default) = Select the device as clock mode in RQ SW5- RMII, 25MHz
crystal to X1/X2 pins of the device and REFCLK output 50MHz clock.
PD = Select the device as normal mode in SW5-RMII. Switch MAC5 used only.
The input clock is useless from X1/X2 pin, the device’s clock comes from
SMTXC/SMREFCLK pin, 50MHz reference clock from external 50MHz clock
source.
LED2 indicator 1.
Strap option for Port 3 only.
PU (default) = Enable auto-negotiation.
PD = Disable auto-negatiation.
Strap to register60 bit[7].
LED1 indicator 1.
Strap option for Port 3 only.
PU (default) = no force flow control, normal operation.
PD = force flow control. Strap to register50 bit[4].
LED1 indicator 0.
Strap option for Port 3 only.
PU (default) = force half-duplex if auto-negotiation is disabled or fails.
PD = force full-duplex if auto negotiation is disabled or fails.
Strap to register60 bit[5].
Serial bus configuration pin. For this case, if the EEPROM is not present, the
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will start itself with the PS[1:0] = 00 default register
values .
Pin Configuration
Serial Bus Configuration
2
PS[1:0] = 00
I C Master Mode for EEPROM
PS[1:0] = 01
SMI Interface Mode
PS[1:0] = 10
SPI Slave Mode for CPU Interface
PS[1:0] = 11
Factory Test Mode (BIST)
114
PS0
IPD
Serial bus configuration pin. See “Pin 113.”
128
TEST2
NC
NC for normal operation. Factory test pin.
Notes:
1. NC = No connect.
IPD = Input w/internal pull-down.
IPD/O = Input w/internal pull-down during reset, output pin otherwise.
IPU/O = Input w/internal pull-up during reset, output pin otherwise.
January 22, 2013
23
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Introduction
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ contains five 10/100 physical layer transceivers and five media access control (MAC)
units with an integrated Layer 2 managed switch. The device runs in three modes. The first mode is as a five-port
integrated switch. The second is as a five-port switch with the fifth port decoupled from the physical port. In this
mode, access to the fifth MAC is provided through a media independent interface (MII/RMII). This is useful for
implementing an integrated broadband router. The third mode uses the dual MII/RMII feature to recover the use of
the fifth PHY. This allows the additional broadband gateway configuration, where the fifth PHY may be accessed
through the P5-MII/RMII port.
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ has the flexibility to reside in a managed or unmanaged design. In a managed design, a
host processor has complete control of the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ via the SPI bus, or the MDC/MDIO interface. An
unmanaged design is achieved through I/O strapping or EEPROM programming at system reset time.
On the media side, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ supports IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX on all copper ports
with Auto MDI/MDIX. The KSZ8895FMQ supports 100BASE-FX on port 3 and port 4. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ can
be used as a fully managed five-port switch or hooked up to a microprocessor by its SW-MII/RMII interfaces for any
application solutions.
Physical signal transmission and reception are enhanced through the use of patented analog circuitry that makes the
design more efficient and allows for reduced power consumption and smaller chip die size.
Major enhancements from the KS8895MA/FQ to the KSZ8895MQ/FMQ include more host interface options, a dualswitch MAC5 MII and PHY5 MII interfaces with other options, RMII from part of the KSZ8895RQ, tag and port-based
VLAN, rapid spanning tree support, IGMP snooping support, port mirroring support, more flexible rate limiting, and
new filtering functionality.
Functional Overview: Physical Layer Transceiver
100BASE-TX Transmit
The 100BASE-TX transmit function performs parallel-to-serial conversion, 4B/5B coding, scrambling, NRZ-to-NRZI
conversion, MLT3 encoding and transmission. The circuit starts with a parallel-to-serial conversion, which converts
the MII data from the MAC into a 125MHz serial bit stream. The data and control stream is then converted into 4B/5B
coding followed by a scrambler. The serialized data is further converted from NRZ-to-NRZI format, and then
transmitted in MLT3 current output. The output current is set by an external 1% 12.4kΩ resistor for the 1:1
transformer ratio. It has a typical rise/fall time of 4ns and complies with the ANSI TP-PMD standard regarding
amplitude balance, overshoot, and timing jitter. The wave-shaped 10BASE-T output is also incorporated into the
100BASE-TX transmitter.
100BASE-TX Receive
The 100BASE-TX receiver function performs adaptive equalization, DC restoration, MLT3-to-NRZI conversion, data
and clock recovery, NRZI-to-NRZ conversion, descrambling, 4B/5B decoding, and serial-to-parallel conversion. The
receiving side starts with the equalization filter to compensate for intersymbol interference (ISI) over the twisted pair
cable. Since the amplitude loss and phase distortion is a function of the length of the cable, the equalizer has to
adjust its characteristics to optimize the performance. In this design, the variable equalizer will make an initial
estimation based on comparisons of incoming signal strength against some known cable characteristics, then tunes
itself for optimization. This is an ongoing process and can self-adjust against environmental changes such as
temperature variations.
The equalized signal then goes through a DC restoration and data conversion block. The DC restoration circuit is
used to compensate for the effect of baseline wander and improve the dynamic range. The differential data
conversion circuit converts the MLT3 format back to NRZI. The slicing threshold is also adaptive.
The clock recovery circuit extracts the 125MHz clock from the edges of the NRZI signal. This recovered clock is then
used to convert the NRZI signal into the NRZ format. The signal is then sent through the de-scrambler followed by
the 4B/5B decoder. Finally, the NRZ serial data is converted to the MII format and provided as the input data to the
MAC.
January 22, 2013
24
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
PLL Clock Synthesizer
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ generates 125MHz, 83MHz, 41MHz, 25MHz and 10MHz clocks for system timing.
Internal clocks are generated from an external 25MHz crystal or oscillator.
Scrambler/Descrambler (100BASE-TX only)
The purpose of the scrambler is to spread the power spectrum of the signal in order to reduce EMI and baseline
wander. The data is scrambled through the use of an 11-bit wide linear feedback shift register (LFSR). This can
generate a 2047-bit non-repetitive sequence. The receiver will then descramble the incoming data stream with the
same sequence at the transmitter.
100BASE-FX Operation
100BASE-FX operation is very similar to 100BASE-TX operation except that the scrambler/descrambler and MLT3
encoder/decoder are bypassed on transmission and reception. In this mode, the auto-negotiation feature is bypassed
since there is no standard that supports fiber auto-negotiation.
100BASE-FX Signal Detection
The physical port runs in 100BASE-FX fiber mode for the Port 3 and Port 4 of the KSZ8895FMQ. This signal is
internally referenced to 1.2V. The fiber module interface should be set by a voltage divider such that FXSDx ‘H’ is
above this 1.2V reference, indicating signal detect, and FXSDx ‘L’ is below the 1.2V reference to indicate no signal.
There is no auto-negotiation for 100BASE-FX mode, the ports must be forced to either full or half-duplex for the fiber
ports. Note that strap-in options support Port 3 and Port 4 to disable auto-negotiation, force 100Base-FX speed, force
duplex mode, and force flow control for KSZ8895FMQ with unmanaged mode.
100BASE-FX Far End Fault
Far end fault occurs when the signal detection is logically false from the receive fiber module. When this occurs, the
transmission side signals the other end of the link by sending 84 1s followed by a zero in the idle period between
frames.
10BASE-T Transmit
The output 10BASE-T driver is incorporated into the 100BASE-T driver to allow transmission with the same
magnetics. They are internally wave-shaped and pre-emphasized into outputs with a typical 2.3V amplitude. The
harmonic contents are at least 27dB below the fundamental when driven by an all-ones Manchester-encoded signal.
10BASE-T Receive
On the receive side, input buffer and level detecting squelch circuits are employed. A differential input receiver circuit
and a PLL perform the decoding function. The Manchester-encoded data stream is separated into clock signal and
NRZ data. A squelch circuit rejects signals with levels less than 400mV or with short pulsewidths in order to prevent
noises at the RXP or RXM input from falsely triggering the decoder. When the input exceeds the squelch limit, the
PLL locks onto the incoming signal and the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ decodes a data frame. The receiver clock is
maintained active during idle periods in between data reception.
MDI/MDI-X Auto Crossover
To eliminate the need for crossover cables between similar devices, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ supports HP Auto MDI/MDI-X
and IEEE 802.3u standard MDI/MDI-X auto crossover. HP Auto MDI/MDI-X is the default.
The auto-sense function detects remote transmit and receive pairs and correctly assigns transmit and receive pairs for the
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ device. This feature is extremely useful when end users are unaware of cable types, and also, saves on
an additional uplink configuration connection. The auto-crossover feature can be disabled through the port control registers, or
MIIM PHY registers. The IEEE 802.3u standard MDI and MDI-X definitions are:
January 22, 2013
25
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MDI
MDI-X
RJ-45 Pins
Signals
RJ-45 Pins
Signals
1
TD+
1
RD+
2
TD-
2
RD-
3
RD+
3
TD+
6
RD-
6
TD-
Table 1. MDI/MDI-X Pin Definitions
Straight Cable
A straight cable connects an MDI device to an MDI-X device, or an MDI-X device to an MDI device. The following
diagram depicts a typical straight cable connection between a NIC card (MDI) and a switch, or hub (MDI-X).
Figure 1. Typical Straight Cable Connection
January 22, 2013
26
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Crossover Cable
A crossover cable connects an MDI device to another MDI device, or an MDI-X device to another MDI-X device. The
following diagram shows a typical crossover cable connection between two switches or hubs (two MDI-X devices).
Figure 2. Typical Crossover Cable Connection
Auto-Negotiation
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ conforms to the auto-negotiation protocol as described by the 802.3 committee. Autonegotiation allows unshielded twisted pair (UTP) link partners to select the highest common mode of operation. Link
partners advertise their capabilities to each other, and then compare their own capabilities with those they received
from their link partners. The highest speed and duplex setting that is common to the two link partners is selected as
the mode of operation. Auto-negotiation is supported for the copper ports only.
The following list shows the speed and duplex operation mode from highest to lowest.
•
Highest: 100Base-TX, full-duplex
•
High:
100Base-TX, half-duplex
•
Low:
10Base-T, full-duplex
•
Lowest: 10Base-T, half-duplex
If auto-negotiation is not supported or the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ link partner is forced to bypass auto-negotiation, the
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ sets its operating mode by observing the signal at its receiver. This is known as parallel
detection, and allows the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ to establish link by listening for a fixed signal protocol in the
absence of auto-negotiation advertisement protocol. The auto-negotiation link up process is shown in the following
flow chart.
January 22, 2013
27
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Figure 3. Auto-Negotiation
January 22, 2013
28
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
On-chip Termination Resistors
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ reduces the board cost and simplifies the board layout by using on-chip termination
resistors for all ports and RX/TX differential pairs without the external termination resistors. The combination of the
on-chip termination and internal biasing will save about 500 to 1000mw in power consumption as compared to using
external biasing and termination resistors, and the transformer will not consume power any more. The center tap of
the transformer does not need to be tied to the analog power and does not tie the center taps together between RX
and TX pairs for its application.
Internal 1.2V LDO Controller
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ reduces board cost and simplifies board layout by integrating an internal 1.2V LDO
controller to drive a low cost MOSFET to supply the 1.2V core power voltage for a single 3.3V power supply solution.
The internal 1.2V LDO controller can be disabled by pin 126 IN_PWR_SEL pull-down in order to use an external
1.2V LDO.
Functional Overview: Power Management
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ supports a full chip hardware power down mode. When the PWRDN pin 47 is internally
activated low (pin PWRDN = 0), the entire chip is powered down. If this pin is de-asserted, the chip will be reset
internally.
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ can also use multiple power levels of 3.3V, 2.5V or 1.8V for VDDIO to support different
I/O voltage.
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ supports enhanced power management in a low power state, with energy detection to
ensure low power dissipation during device idle periods. There are five operation modes under the power
management function which are controlled by the Register 14 bit[4:3] and the Port Register Control 13 bit 3 as shown
below:
Register 14 bit[4:3] = 00 Normal Operation Mode
Register 14 bit[4:3] = 01 Energy Detect Mode
Register 14 bit[4:3] = 10 Soft Power Down Mode
Register 14 bit[4:3] = 11 Power Saving Mode
The Port Register 29, 45, 61, 77, 93 Control 13 bit 3 = 1 are for the Port Based Power-Down Mode.
Table 2 indicates all internal function blocks’ status under four different power management operation modes.
Power Management Operation Modes
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Function Blocks
Normal Mode
Power Saving Mode
Energy Detect Mode
Soft Power Down Mode
Internal PLL Clock
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Tx/Rx PHY
Enabled
Rx unused block disabled
Energy detect at Rx
Disabled
MAC
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Host Interface
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Table 2. Internal Function Block Status
Normal Operation Mode
This is the default setting bit[4:3] = 00 in register 14 after chip power-up or hardware reset. When
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ is in normal operation mode, all PLL clocks are running, PHY and MAC are on, and the host
interface is ready for CPU read or write.
During normal operation mode, the host CPU can set the bit[4:3] in register 14 to change the current normal
operation mode to any one of the other three power management operation modes.
January 22, 2013
29
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Energy Detect Mode
Energy detect mode provides a mechanism to save more power than in the normal operation mode when the
KSZ8895MQ/FMQ port is not connected to an active link partner. In this mode, the device will save more power
when the cables are unplugged. If the cable is not plugged in, the device can automatically enter a low power state—
the energy detect mode. In this mode, the device will keep transmitting 120ns width pulses at 1 pulse/s rate. Once
activity resumes due to plugging a cable in or attempting by the far end to establish link, the device can automatically
power up to normal power state in energy detect mode.
Energy detect mode consists of two states, normal power state and low power state. While in low power state, the
device reduces power consumption by disabling all circuitry except the energy detect circuitry of the receiver. The
energy detect mode is entered by setting bit[4:3] = 01 in register 14. When the KSZ8895MQ/FMQ is in this mode, it
will monitor the cable energy. If there is no energy on the cable for a time longer than the pre-configured value at bit
[7:0] Go-Sleep time in register 15, KSZ8895MQ/FMQ will go into low power state. When KSZ8895MQ/FMQ is in low
power state, it will keep monitoring the cable energy. Once the energy is detected from the cable, The device will
enter normal power state. When the device is at normal power state, it is able to transmit or receive packet from the
cable.
Soft Power Down Mode
The soft power down mode is entered by setting bit[4:3] = 10 in register 14. When KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ is in this
mode, all PLL clocks are disabled, also all of PHYs and the MACs are off. Any dummy host access will wake-up this
device from current soft power down mode to normal operation mode and internal reset will be issued to make all
internal registers go to the default values.
Power Saving Mode
The power saving mode is entered when auto-negotiation mode is enabled, the cable is disconnected, and by setting
bit[4:3] = 11 in register 14. When KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ is in this mode, all PLL clocks are enabled, MAC is on, all
internal register values will not change, and the host interface is ready for CPU read or write. In this mode, it mainly
controls the PHY transceiver on or off, based on line status to achieve power saving. The PHY continues to transmit,
only turning off the unused receiver block. Once activity resumes, due to plugging a cable or attempting by the far
end to establish link, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ can automatically enable the PHY to power up to normal power state
from power saving mode.
During power saving mode, the host CPU can set bit[4:3] in register 14 to change the current power saving mode to
any one of the other three power management operation modes.
Port-based Power Down Mode
In addition, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ features a per-port power down mode. To save power, a PHY port that is not
in use can be powered down via the port registers control 13 bit 3, or MIIM PHY registers 0 bit 11.
Functional Overview: Switch Core
Address Look-Up
The internal look-up table stores MAC addresses and their associated information. It contains a 1K unicast address
table plus switching information. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ is guaranteed to learn 1K addresses and distinguishes
itself from a hash-based look-up table, which, depending on the operating environment and probabilities, may not
guarantee the absolute number of addresses it can learn.
Learning
The internal look-up engine updates its table with a new entry if the following conditions are met:
• The received packet’s source address (SA) does not exist in the look-up table.
• The received packet is good; the packet has no receiving errors and is of legal length.
The look-up engine inserts the qualified SA into the table, along with the port number and time stamp. If the table is
full, the last entry of the table is deleted first to make room for the new entry.
January 22, 2013
30
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Migration
The internal look-up engine also monitors whether a station is moved. If this occurs, it updates the table accordingly.
Migration happens when the following conditions are met:
•
•
The received packet’s SA is in the table but the associated source port information is different.
The received packet is good; the packet has no receiving errors and is of legal length.
The look-up engine will update the existing record in the table with the new source port information.
Aging
The look-up engine will update the time stamp information of a record whenever the corresponding SA appears. The
time stamp is used in the aging process. If a record is not updated for a period of time, the look-up engine will
remove the record from the table. The look-up engine constantly performs the aging process and will continuously
remove aging records. The aging period is 300 +/- 75 seconds. This feature can be enabled or disabled through
Register 3 or by external pull-up or pull-down resistors on LED[5][2]. See “Register 3” section.
Forwarding
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will forward packets using an algorithm that is depicted in the following flowcharts. Figure
6 shows stage one of the forwarding algorithm where the search engine looks up the VLAN ID, static table, and
dynamic table for the destination address, and comes up with “port to forward 1” (PTF1). PTF1 is then further
modified by the spanning tree, IGMP snooping, port mirroring, and port VLAN processes to come up with “port to
forward 2” (PTF2), as shown in Figure 7. This is where the packet will be sent.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will not forward the following packets:
•
Error packets. These include framing errors, FCS errors, alignment errors, and illegal size packet errors.
•
802.3x pause frames. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will intercept these packets and perform the appropriate
actions.
•
“Local” packets. Based on destination address (DA) look-up. If the destination port from the look-up table
matches the port where the packet was from, the packet is defined as “local.”
Switching Engine
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ features a high-performance switching engine to move data to and from the MAC’s
packet buffers. It operates in store and forward mode, while the efficient switching mechanism reduces overall
latency. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ has a 64kB internal frame buffer. This resource is shared between all five ports.
There are a total of 512 buffers available. Each buffer is sized at 128B.
Media Access Controller (MAC) Operation
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ strictly abides by IEEE 802.3 standards to maximize compatibility.
Inter-Packet Gap (IPG)
If a frame is successfully transmitted, the 96-bit time IPG is measured between the two consecutive MTXEN. If the
current packet is experiencing collision, the 96-bit time IPG is measured from MCRS and the next MTXEN.
Backoff Algorithm
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ implements the IEEE Standard 802.3 binary exponential backoff algorithm, and optional
“aggressive mode” backoff. After 16 collisions, the packet will be optionally dropped, depending on the chip
configuration in Register 3. See “Register 3.”
Late Collision
If a transmit packet experiences collisions after 512-bit times of the transmission, the packet will be dropped.
January 22, 2013
31
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Illegal Frames
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ discards frames less than 64 bytes and can be programmed to accept frames up to 1536
bytes in Register 4. For special applications, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ can also be programmed to accept frames
up to 1916 bytes in Register 4. Since the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ supports VLAN tags, the maximum sizing is
adjusted when these tags are present.
Flow Control
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ supports standard 802.3x flow control frames on both transmit and receive sides.
On the receive side, if the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ receives a pause control frame, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will not
transmit the next normal frame until the timer, specified in the pause control frame, expires. If another pause frame is
received before the current timer expires, the timer will be updated with the new value in the second pause frame.
During this period (being flow controlled), only flow control packets from the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will be
transmitted.
On the transmit side, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ has intelligent and efficient ways to determine when to invoke flow
control. The flow control is based on availability of the system resources, including available buffers, available
transmit queues and available receive queues.
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ flow controls a port that has just received a packet if the destination port resource is
busy. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ issues a flow control frame (XOFF), containing the maximum pause time defined in
IEEE standard 802.3x. Once the resource is freed up, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ sends out the other flow control
frame (XON) with zero pause time to turn off the flow control (turn on transmission to the port). A hysteresis feature is
also provided to prevent over-activation and deactivation of the flow control mechanism.
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ flow controls all ports if the receive queue becomes full.
January 22, 2013
32
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Figure 4. Destination Address Lookup Flow Chart, Stage 1
January 22, 2013
33
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Figure 5. Destination Address Resolution Flow Chart, Stage 2
January 22, 2013
34
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will not forward the following packets:
1. Error packets
These include framing errors, Frame Check Sequence (FCS) errors, alignment errors, and illegal size packet
errors.
2. IEEE802.3x PAUSE frames
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ intercepts these packets and performs full duplex flow control accordingly.
3. "Local" packets
Based on destination address (DA) lookup, if the destination port from the lookup table matches the port from
which the packet originated, the packet is defined as "local."
Half-Duplex Back Pressure
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ also provides a half-duplex back pressure option (note: this is not in IEEE 802.3
standards). The activation and deactivation conditions are the same as the ones given for full-duplex mode. If back
pressure is required, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ sends preambles to defer the other station's transmission (carrier
sense deference). To avoid jabber and excessive deference as defined in IEEE 802.3 standards, after a certain
period of time, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ discontinues carrier sense but raises it quickly after it drops packets to
inhibit other transmissions. This short silent time (no carrier sense) is to prevent other stations from sending out
packets and keeps other stations in a carrier sense-deferred state. If the port has packets to send during a back
pressure situation, the carrier sense-type back pressure is interrupted and those packets are transmitted instead. If
there are no more packets to send, carrier sense-type back pressure becomes active again until switch resources
are free. If a collision occurs, the binary exponential backoff algorithm is skipped and carrier sense is generated
immediately, reducing the chance of further colliding and maintaining carrier sense to prevent reception of packets.
To ensure no packet loss in 10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX half-duplex modes, the user must enable the following:
•
Aggressive backoff (Register 3, bit 0)
•
No excessive collision drop (Register 4, bit 3)
•
Back pressure (Register 4, bit 5)
These bits are not set as the default because this is not the IEEE standard.
Broadcast Storm Protection
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ has an intelligent option to protect the switch system from receiving too many broadcast
packets. Broadcast packets are normally forwarded to all ports except the source port and thus use too many switch
resources (bandwidth and available space in transmit queues). The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ has the option to include
“multicast packets” for storm control. The broadcast storm rate parameters are programmed globally and can be
enabled or disabled on a per port basis. The rate is based on a 50ms (0.05s) interval for 100BT and a 500ms (0.5s)
interval for 10BT. At the beginning of each interval, the counter is cleared to zero and the rate limit mechanism starts
to count the number of bytes during the interval. The rate definition is described in Registers 6 and 7. The default
setting for Registers 6 and 7 is 0x4A (74 decimal). This is equal to a rate of 1%, calculated as follows:
148,80 frames/sec X 50ms (0.05s)/interval X 1% = 74 frames/interval (approx.) = 0x4A
January 22, 2013
35
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MII Interface Operation
The media-independent interface (MII) is specified by the IEEE 802.3 committee and provides a common interface
between physical layer and MAC layer devices. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ provides two such interfaces. The P5-MII
interface is used to connect to the fifth PHY, where as the SW-MII interface is used to connect to the fifth MAC. Each
of these MII interfaces contains two distinct groups of signals, one for transmission and the other for receiving.
Port 5 PHY 5 P5-MII/RMII Interface
The media independent interface (MII) is specified by the IEEE 802.3 committee and provides a common interface
between the physical layer and MAC layer devices. The Reduced Media Independent Interface (RMII) specifies a low
pin count MII. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ provides two such interfaces for MAC5 and PHY5. The Port 5 PHY5 P5MII/RMII interface is used to connect to the fifth PHY, where as the SW-MII/RMII interface is used to connect to the
fifth MAC. The KSZ8895MQ/FMQ support P5-MII, the KSZ8895RQ supports P5-RMII. Each of these MII/RMII
interfaces contains two distinct groups of signals, one for transmission and the other for receiving. Table 3 describes
the signals used in the PHY[5] P5-MII/RMII interface. The P5-MII interface operates in PHY mode only.
MII
Signal
Description
KSZ8895MQ/FMQ
P5-MII
KSZ8895MQ/FMQ MII
Signal Type
KSZ8895RQ
P5-RMII
KSZ8895RQ
RMII Signal
Type
MTXEN
Transmit enable
PMTXEN
I
PMTXEN
I
MTXER
Transmit error
PMTXER
I
MTXD3
Transmit data bit 3
PMTXD[3]
I
MTXD2
Transmit data bit 2
PMTXD[2]
I
MTXD1
Transmit data bit 1
PMTXD[1]
I
PMTXD[1]
I
MTXD0
Transmit data bit 0
PMTXD[0]
I
PMTXD[0]
I
MTXC
Transmit clock
PMTXC
O
PMREFCLK/PMTXC
I
MCOL
Collision detection
PCOL
O
MCRS
Carrier sense
PCRS
O
MRXDV
Receive data valid
PMRXDV
O
PMRXDV
O
MRXER
Receive error
PMRXER
O
PMRXER
O
MRXD3
Receive data bit 3
PMRXD[3]
O
MRXD2
Receive data bit 2
PMRXD[2]
O
MRXD1
Receive data bit 1
PMRXD[1]
O
PMRXD[1]
O
MRXD0
Receive data bit 0
PMRXD[0]
O
PMRXD[0]
O
MRXC
Receive clock
PMRXC
O
PMRXC
O
Table 3. Port 5 PHY P5-MII/RMII Signals
January 22, 2013
36
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port 5 MAC 5 SW5-MII Interface for the KSZ8895MQ/FMQ
Table 4 shows two connection manners:
1. The first is an external MAC connects to SW5-MII PHY mode.
2. The second is an external PHY connects to SW5-MII MAC mode.
Please see the pin [91,86,87] descriptions for configuration details for the MAC mode and PHY mode. SW5-MII
works with 25MHz clock for 100Base-TX, SW5-MII works with 2.5MHz clock for 10Base-T.
KSZ8895MQ/FMQ PHY Mode Connection
KSZ8895MQ/FMQ MAC Mode Connection
External MAC
KSZ8895MQ/FMQ
SW5-MII Signals
Type
Description
External
PHY
KSZ8895MQ/FMQ
SW5-MII Signals
Type
MTXEN
SMTXEN
Input
Transmit enable
MTXEN
SMRXDV
Output
MTXER
SMTXER
Input
Transmit error
MTXER
Not used
Not used
MTXD3
SMTXD[3]
Input
Transmit data bit 3
MTXD3
SMRXD[3]
Output
MTXD2
SMTXD[2]
Input
Transmit data bit 2
MTXD2
SMRXD[2]
Output
MTXD1
SMTXD[1]
Input
Transmit data bit 1
MTXD1
SMRXD[1]
Output
MTXD0
SMTXD[0]
Input
Transmit data bit 0
MTXD0
SMRXD[0]
Output
MTXC
SMTXC
Output
Transmit clock
MTXC
SMRXC
Input
MCOL
SCOL
Output
Collision detection
MCOL
SCOL
Input
MCRS
SCRS
Output
Carrier sense
MCRS
SCRS
Input
MRXDV
SMRXDV
Output
Receive data valid
MRXDV
SMTXEN
Input
MRXER
Not used
Output
Receive error
MRXER
SMTXER
Input
MRXD3
SMRXD[3]
Output
Receive data bit 3
MRXD3
SMTXD[3]
Input
MRXD2
SMRXD[2]
Output
Receive data bit 2
MRXD2
SMTXD[2]
Input
MRXD1
SMRXD[1]
Output
Receive data bit 1
MRXD1
SMTXD[1]
Input
MRXD0
SMRXD[0]
Output
Receive data bit 0
MRXD0
SMTXD[0]
Input
MRXC
SMRXC
Output
Receive clock
MRXC
SMTXC
Input
Table 4. Switch MAC5 MII Signals
The switch MII interface operates in either MAC mode or PHY mode for KSZ8895MQ/FMQ. These interfaces are
nibble-wide data interfaces, so they run at one-quarter the network bit rate (not encoded). Additional signals on the
transmit side indicate when data is valid or when an error occurs during transmission. Likewise, the receive side has
indicators that convey when the data is valid and without physical layer errors. For half-duplex operation, there is a
signal that indicates a collision has occurred during transmission.
Note that the signal MRXER is not provided on the MII-SW interface for PHY mode operation and the signal MTXER
is not provided on the SW-MII interface for MAC mode operation. Normally MRXER would indicate a receive error
coming from the physical layer device. MTXER would indicate a transmit error from the MAC device. These signals
are not appropriate for this configuration. For PHY mode operation with an external MAC, if the device interfacing
with the KSZ8895MQ/FMQ has an MRXER pin, it should be tied low. For MAC mode operation with an external PHY,
if the device interfacing with the KSZ8895MQ/FMQ has an MTXER pin, it should be tied low.
January 22, 2013
37
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port 5 MAC 5 Switch SW5-RMII Interface for the KSZ8895RQ
The Reduced Media Independent Interface (RMII) specifies a low pin count Media Independent Interface (MII). The
KSZ8895RQ supports RMII interface at Port 5 switch side and provides a common interface at MAC5 layer in the
device, and has the following key characteristics:
•
Supports 10Mbps and 100Mbps data rates.
•
Uses a single 50MHz clock reference (provided internally or externally): in internal mode, the chip provides a
reference clock from the SMRXC pin to the SMTXC pin and provides the clock to the opposite clock input pin
for RMII interface. In external mode, the chip receives 50MHz reference clock from an external oscillator or
opposite RMII interface.
•
Provides independent 2-bit wide (bi-bit) transmit and receive data paths.
KSZ8895RQ supports MAC5 RMII interfaces at the switch side:
•
For the detail of SW5-RMII (Port 5 MAC5 RMII) signals connection see the table below:
•
The KSZ8895RQ can provide a 50MHz reference clock for both MAC to MAC and MAC to PHY RMII interfaces
when SW5-RMII is used in the clock mode of the device (default with strap pin LED2_2 internal pull-up for the
clock mode).
•
The KSZ8895RQ can also receive a 50MHz reference clock from an external 50MHz clock source or opposite
RMII to SW5-RMII SMTXC pin when the device is set to normal mode (the strap pin LED2_2 is pulled down).
When the device is strapped to normal mode by pin LED2_2 pull-down, the reference clock comes from SMTXC
which will be used as the device’s clock source. The external 25MHz crystal clock from pins X1/X2 will be ignored.
Note: In normal mode, the 50MHz clock from SMTXC will be used as the clock source for whole device. The PHY5
PMTXC/PMREFCLK pin cannot be used as the clock source for whole device. The pin of PMTXC/PMREFCLK can
receive the 50MHz clock from PMRXC when the device is strapped to normal mode and an external 50MHz
reference clock comes in from pin SMTXC. In normal mode, the 50MHz clock on pin SMRXC can be disabled by
register, and the PMRXC 50MHz clock can be used when P5-RMII interface is used.
There is a register 12 bit 6 to monitor the status of the device for the clock mode or normal mode.
When using an external 50MHz clock source as RMII reference clock, the KSZ8895RQ should be set to normal
mode by pulling down its LED2_2 strap-in pin first before power up reset or warm reset. The normal mode of the
KSZ8895RQ device will start to work when it gets the 50MHz reference clock from pin SMTXC/SMREFCLK from an
external 50MHz clock source. For the RMII connection examples, please refer to app note in the design kit.
January 22, 2013
38
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
SW5-RMII MAC to MAC Connection
(‘PHY mode’)
KSZ8895RQ
External KSZ8895RQ
SW Signal
SW5-RMII
MAC
Type
Output (clock
mode with
50MHz)
(Normal mode
without
connection)
SW5-RMII MAC to PHY Connection
(‘MAC mode’)
External
PHY
KSZ8895RQ
SW5-RMII
Reference Clock
--------
SMTXC/SM
REFCLK
Description
KSZ8895RQ SW
Signal Type
Input (clock comes
from SMRXC in
clock mode or
external clock in
normal mode)
REF_CLK
SMRXC
CRS_DV
SMRXDV
/SMCRSDV
Output
Carier sense/Receive
data valid
CRS_DV
SMTXEN
Input
RXD1
SMRXD[1]
Output
Receive data bit 1
RXD1
SMTXD[1]
Input
RXD0
SMRXD[0]
Output
Receive data bit 0
RXD0
SMTXD[0]
Input
TX_EN
SMTXEN
Input
Transmit data enable
TX_EN
SMRXDV
/SMCRSDV
Output
TXD1
SMTXD[1]
Input
Transmit data bit 1
TXD1
SMRXD[1]
Output
TXD0
SMTXD[0]
Input
Transmit data bit 0
TXD0
SMRXD[0]
Output
(not used)
(not used)
Receive error
(not used)
(not used)
---
SMTXC/SM
REFCLK
Input (clock
comes from
SMRXC in clock
mode or external
clock in normal
mode)
Reference Clock
REF_CLK
SMRXC
Output (clock mode
with 50MHz)
(Normal mode
without connection)
Note:
1.
MAC/PHY mode in RMII is difference with MAC/PHY mode in MII, there is no strap pin and register configuration request in RMII, just follow
the signals connection in the table.
Table 5. Port 5 MAC5 SW5-RMII Connection
January 22, 2013
39
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
SNI Interface Operation
The serial network interface (SNI) is compatible with some controllers used for network layer protocol processing.
This interface can be directly connected to these types of devices. The signals are divided into two groups, one for
transmission and the other for reception. The signals involved are described in Table 6.
SNI Signal
Description
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ Signal
TXEN
Transmit Enable
SMTXEN
TXD
Serial Transmit Data
SMTXD[0]
TXC
Transmit Clock
SMTXC
COL
Collision Detection
SCOL
CRS
Carrier Sense
SMRXDV
RXD
Serial Receive Data
SMRXD[0]
RXC
Receive Clock
SMRXC
Table 6. SNI Signals
This interface is a bit-wide data interface, so it runs at the network bit rate (not encoded). An additional signal on the
transmit side indicates when data is valid. Likewise, the receive side has an indicator that shows when the data is
valid.
For half-duplex operation there is a signal that indicates a collision has occurred during transmission.
January 22, 2013
40
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Functionality
QoS Priority Support
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ provides Quality of Service (QoS) for applications such as VoIP and video conferencing.
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ offers one, two, or four priority queues per port by setting the port registers xxx control 9
bit 1 and the port registers xxx control 0 bit 0, the 1/2/4 queues split as follows,
[Port registers xxx control 9 bit 1, control 0 bit 0] = 00 single output queue as default.
[Port registers xxx control 9 bit 1, control 0 bit 0] = 01 egress port can be split into two priority transmit queues.
[Port registers xxx control 9 bit 1, control 0 bit 0] = 10 egress port can be split into four priority transmit queues.
The four priority transmit queue is a new feature in the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ. The queue 3 is the highest priority
queue and queue 0 is the lowest priority queue. The port registers xxx control 9 bit 1 and the port registers xxx
control 0 bit 0 are used to enable split transmit queues for ports 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. If a port's transmit
queue is not split, high priority and low priority packets have equal priority in the transmit queue.
There is an additional option to either always deliver high priority packets first or to use programmable weighted fair
queuing for the four priority queue scale by the port registers control 10, 11, 12 and 13 (default value are 8, 4, 2, 1 by
their bit[6:0].
Register 130 bit[7:6] Prio_2Q[1:0] is used when the 2 Queue configuration is selected, these bits are used to map the
2-bit result of IEEE 802.1p from the registers 128, 129 or TOS/DiffServ mapping from registers 144-159 (for 4
Queues) into two-queue mode with priority high or low.
Please see the descriptions of the register 130 bits [7:6] for detail.
Port-Based Priority
With port-based priority, each ingress port is individually classified as a priority 0-3 receiving port. All packets
received at the priority 3 receiving port are marked as high priority and are sent to the high-priority transmit queue if
the corresponding transmit queue is split. The Port Registers Control 0 Bits[4:3] is used to enable port-based priority
for ports 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively.
802.1p-Based Priority
For 802.1p-based priority, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ examines the ingress (incoming) packets to determine whether
they are tagged. If tagged, the 3-bit priority field in the VLAN tag is retrieved and compared against the “priority
mapping” value, as specified by the registers 128 and 129, both register 128/129 can map 3-bit priority field of 0-7
value to 2-bit result of 0-3 priority levels. The “priority mapping” value is programmable.
The following figure illustrates how the 802.1p priority field is embedded in the 802.1Q VLAN tag.
Figure 6. 802.1p Priority Field Format
802.1p-based priority is enabled by bit[5] of the port registers control 0 for ports 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively.
January 22, 2013
41
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ provides the option to insert or remove the priority tagged frame's header at each
individual egress port. This header, consisting of the two-byte VLAN Protocol ID (VPID) and the two-byte Tag Control
Information field (TCI), is also referred to as the IEEE 802.1Q VLAN tag.
Tag Insertion is enabled by bit[2] of the port registers control 0 and the port register control 8 to select which source
port (ingress port) PVID can be inserted on the egress port for ports 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. At the egress port,
untagged packets are tagged with the ingress port’s default tag. The default tags are programmed in the port
registers control 3 and control 4 for ports 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will not add tags
to already tagged packets.
Tag Removal is enabled by bit[1] of the port registers control 0 for ports 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. At the egress
port, tagged packets will have their 802.1Q VLAN tags removed. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will not modify untagged
packets.
The CRC is recalculated for both tag insertion and tag removal.
802.1p Priority Field Re-mapping is a QoS feature that allows the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ to set the “User Priority
Ceiling” at any ingress port by the port register control 2 bit 7. If the ingress packet’s priority field has a higher priority
value than the default tag’s priority field of the ingress port, the packet’s priority field is replaced with the default tag’s
priority field.
DiffServ-Based Priority
DiffServ-based priority uses the ToS registers (registers 144 to 159) in the Advanced Control Registers section. The
ToS priority control registers implement a fully decoded, 128-bit Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) register
to determine packet priority from the 6-bit ToS field in the IP header. When the most significant six bits of the ToS
field are fully decoded, 64 code points for DSCP result. These are compared with the corresponding bits in the DSCP
register to determine priority.
Spanning Tree Support
Port 5 is the designated port for spanning tree support.
The other ports (Port 1−Port 4) can be configured in one of the five spanning tree states via “transmit enable,”
“receive enable,” and “learning disable” register settings in Registers 18, 34, 50, and 66 for Ports 1, 2, 3, and 4,
respectively. The following description shows the port setting and software actions taken for each of the five
spanning tree states:
Disable state: the port should not forward or receive any packets. Learning is disabled.
Port setting: "transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 1."
Software action: the processor should not send any packets to the port. The switch may still send specific packets to
the processor (packets that match some entries in the static table with “overriding bit” set) and the processor should
discard those packets. Note: the processor is connected to Port 5 via MII interface. Address learning is disabled on
the port in this state.
Blocking state: only packets to the processor are forwarded. Learning is disabled.
Port setting: "transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 1"
Software action: the processor should not send any packets to the port(s) in this state. The processor should
program the “Static MAC table” with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g., BPDU packets). The “overriding” bit
should also be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the processor. Address learning is
disabled on the port in this state.
Listening state: only packets to and from the processor are forwarded. Learning is disabled.
Port setting: "transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 1.
"Software action: The processor should program the static MAC table with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g.
BPDU packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the
processor. The processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state, see “Tail Tagging Mode” section for details.
Address learning is disabled on the port in this state.
Learning state: only packets to and from the processor are forwarded. Learning is enabled.
Port setting: “transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 0.”
January 22, 2013
42
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Software action: The processor should program the static MAC table with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g.,
BPDU packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the
processor. The processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state, see “Tail Tagging Mode” section for details.
Address learning is enabled on the port in this state.
Forwarding state: packets are forwarded and received normally. Learning is enabled.
Port setting: “transmit enable = 1, receive enable = 1, learning disable = 0.”
Software action: The processor should program the static MAC table with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g.,
BPDU packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the
processor. The processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state, see “Tail Tagging Mode” section for details.
Address learning is enabled on the port in this state.
Rapid Spanning Tree Support
There are three operational states of Discarding, Learning, and Forwarding assigned to each port for RSTP:
Discarding ports do not participate in the active topology and do not learn MAC addresses.
Discarding state: the state includes three states of the disable, blocking and listening of STP.
Port setting: "transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 1."
Software action: the processor should not send any packets to the port. The switch may still send specific packets to
the processor (packets that match some entries in the static table with “overriding bit” set) and the processor should
discard those packets. When disabling the port’s learning capability (learning disable = ’1’), set the register 1 bit 5
and bit 4 will flush rapidly with the port related entries in the dynamic MAC table and static MAC table.
Note: the processor is connected to Port 5 via MII interface. Address learning is disabled on the port in this state.
Ports in Learning states learn MAC addresses, but do not forward user traffic.
Learning state: only packets to and from the processor are forwarded. Learning is enabled.
Port setting: “transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 0.”
Software action: The processor should program the static MAC table with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g.,
BPDU packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the
processor. The processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state, see “Tail Tagging Mode” section for details.
Address learning is enabled on the port in this state.
Ports in Forwarding states fully participate in both data forwarding and MAC learning.
Forwarding state: packets are forwarded and received normally. Learning is enabled.
Port setting: “transmit enable = 1, receive enable = 1, learning disable = 0.”
Software action: The processor should program the static MAC table with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g.,
BPDU packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the
processor. The processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state, see “Tail Tagging Mode” section for details.
Address learning is enabled on the port in this state.
RSTP uses only one type of BPDU called RSTP BPDUs. They are similar to STP Configuration BPDUs with the
exception of a type field set to “version 2” for RSTP and “version 0” for STP, and a flag field carrying additional
information.
January 22, 2013
43
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Tail Tagging Mode
The Tail Tag is only seen and used by the Port 5 interface, which should be connected to a processor by SW5-MII
interface. The one byte tail tagging is used to indicate the source/destination port in Port 5. Only bit [3−0] are used for
the destination in the tail tagging byte. Other bits are not used. The Tail Tag feature is enabled by setting register 12
bit 1.
Figure 7. Tail Tag Frame Format
Ingress to Port 5 (Host --> KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ)
Bit [3:0]
Destination
0,0,0,0
Normal (Address Look up for destination)
0,0,0,1
Port 1 (direct forward to Port1)
0,0,1,0
Port 2 (direct forward to Port2)
0,1,0,0
Port 3 (direct forward to Port3)
1,0,0,0
Port 4 (direct forward to Port4)
1,1,1,1
Port 1, 2,3 and 4 (direct forward to Port 1,2,3,4,)
Bit[7:4]
0,0,0,0
Queue 0 is used at destination port
0,0,0,1
Queue 1 is used at destination port
0,0,1,0
Queue 2 is used at destination port
0,0,1,1
Queue 3 is used at destination port
x, 1,x,x
Reserved
1, x,x,x
Bit[6:0] will be ignored as normal
Egress from Port 5 (KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ --> Host)
Bit [1:0]
Source
0,0
Port 1 (packets from Port 1)
0,1
Port 2 (packets from Port 2)
1,0
Port 3 (packets from Port 3)
1,1
Port 4 (packets from Port 4)
Table 7. Tail Tag Rules
January 22, 2013
44
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
IGMP Support
There are two parts involved to support the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) in Layer 2. The first part is
IGMP snooping, the second part is this IGMP packet to be sent back to the subscribed port. Describe them as
follows.
•
IGMP Snooping
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ traps IGMP packets and forwards them only to the processor (Port 5 SW5-MII/RMII).
The IGMP packets are identified as IP packets (either Ethernet IP packets, or IEEE 802.3 SNAP IP packets) with
IP version = 0x4 and protocol version number = 0x2. Set register 5 bit [6] to ‘1’ to enable IGMP snooping.
•
IGMP Send Back to the Subscribed Port
Once the host responds the received IGMP packet, the host should know the original IGMP ingress port and send
back the IGMP packet to this port only, otherwise this IGMP packet will be broadcasted to all port to downgrade
the performance.
Enable the tail tag mode, the host will know the IGMP packet received port from tail tag bits [1:0] and can send
back the response IGMP packet to this subscribed port by setting the bits [3:0] in the tail tag. Enable “Tail tag
mode” by setting Register 12 bit 1.
Port Mirroring Support
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ supports “port mirror” comprehensively as:
•
•
•
“Receive Only” mirror on a port
All the packets received on the port will be mirrored on the sniffer port. For example, Port 1 is programmed to be
“rx sniff,” and Port 5 is programmed to be the “sniffer port.” A packet, received on Port 1, is destined to Port 4
after the internal look-up. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will forward the packet to both Port 4 and Port 5.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ can optionally forward even “bad” received packets to Port 5.
“Transmit Only” mirror on a port
All the packets transmitted on the port will be mirrored on the sniffer port. For example, Port 1 is programmed to
be “tx sniff,” and Port 5 is programmed to be the “sniffer port.” A packet, received on any of the ports, is destined
to Port 1 after the internal look-up. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will forward the packet to both Ports 1 and 5.
“Receive and Transmit” mirror on two ports.
All the packets received on port A AND transmitted on port B will be mirrored on the sniffer port. To turn on the
“AND” feature, set Register 5 bit 0 to 1. For example, Port 1 is programmed to be “rx sniff,” Port 2 is programmed
to be “transmit sniff,” and Port 5 is programmed to be the “sniffer port.” A packet, received on Port 1, is destined
to Port 4 after the internal look-up. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will forward the packet to Port 4 only, since it does
not meet the “AND” condition. A packet, received on Port 1, is destined to Port 2 after the internal look-up. The
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will forward the packet to both Port 2 and Port 5.
Multiple ports can be selected to be “rx sniffed” or “tx sniffed.” And any port can be selected to be the “sniffer port.”
All these per port features can be selected through Register 17.
VLAN Support
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ supports 128 active VLANs and 4096 possible VIDs specified in IEEE 802.1q.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ provides a 128-entry VLAN table, which correspond to 4096 possible VIDs and converts to
FID (7 bits) for address look-up max 128 active VLANs. If a non-tagged or null-VID-tagged packet is received, then
the ingress port VID is used for look-up when 802.1q is enabled by the global register 5 control 3 bit 7. In the VLAN
mode, the look-up process starts from VLAN table look-up to determine whether the VID is valid. If the VID is not
valid, the packet will then be dropped and its address will not be learned. If the VID is valid, FID is retrieved for
further look-up by the static MAC table or dynamic MAC table. FID+DA is used to determine the destination port. The
following table describes the different actions in different situations of DA and FID+DA in the static MAC table and
dynamic MAC table after the VLAN table finish a look-up action. FID+SA is used for learning purposes. The following
table also describes learning in the dynamic MAC table when the VLAN table has done a look-up in the static MAC
table without a valid entry.
January 22, 2013
45
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
DA found in
Static MAC table
USE FID
Flag?
FID Match?
DA+FID found in
Dynamic MAC table
No
Do Not care
Do Not care
No
No
Do Not care
Do Not care
Yes
Yes
0
Do Not care
Do Not care
Yes
1
No
No
Yes
1
No
Yes
Yes
1
Yes
Do Not care
Action
Broadcast to the membership ports defined in
the VLAN table bit[11:7].
Send to the destination port defined in the
dynamic MAC table bit[57:55].
Send to the destination port(s) defined in the
static MAC table bit[52:48].
Broadcast to the membership ports defined in
the VLAN table bit[11:7].
Send to the destination port defined in the
dynamic MAC table bit[57:55].
Send to the destination port(s) defined in the
static MAC table bit[52:48].
Table 8. FID+DA Look-Up in the VLAN Mode
SA+FID found in
Dynamic MAC table
Action
No
The SA+FID will be learned into the dynamic table.
Yes
Time stamp will be updated.
Table 9. FID+SA Look-Up in the VLAN Mode
Advanced VLAN features are also supported in KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ, such as “VLAN ingress filtering” and “discard
non PVID” defined in bits [6:5] of the port Register Control 2. These features can be controlled on a port basis.
Rate Limiting Support
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ provides a fine resolution hardware rate limiting. The rate step is 64Kbps when the rate
limit is less than 1Mbps rate for 100BT or 10BT. The rate step is 1Mbps when the rate limit is more than 1Mbps rate
for 100BT or 10BT (refer to Data Rate Selection Table which follow the end of the Port Register Queue 0−3
Ingress/Egress Limit Control section). The rate limit is independently on the “receive side” and on the “transmit side”
on a per port basis. For 10BASE-T, a rate setting above 10 Mbps means the rate is not limited. On the receive side,
the data receive rate for each priority at each port can be limited by setting up Ingress Rate Control Registers. On the
transmit side, the data transmit rate for each priority queue at each port can be limited by setting up Egress Rate
Control Registers. The size of each frame has options to include minimum IFG (Inter Frame Gap) or Preamble byte,
in addition to the data field (from packet DA to FCS).
Ingress Rate Limit
For ingress rate limiting, KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ provides options to selectively choose frames from all types,
multicast, broadcast, and flooded unicast frames by bits [3−2] of the port rate limit control register. The
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ counts the data rate from those selected type of frames. Packets are dropped at the ingress
port when the data rate exceeds the specified rate limit or the flow control takes effect without packet dropped when
the ingress rate limit flow control is enabled by the port rate limit control register bit 4. The ingress rate limiting
supports the port-based, 802.1p and DiffServ-based priorities, the port-based priority is fixed priority 0−3 selection by
bits[4-3] of the port register control 0. The 802.1p and DiffServ-based priority can be mapped to priority 0−3 by
default of the register 128 and 129. In the ingress rate limit, set register 135 global control 19 bit 3 to enable queuebased rate limit if using two-queue or four-queue mode. All related ingress ports and egress port should be split to
two-queue or four-queue mode by the port registers control 9 and control 0. The four-queue mode will use Q0−Q3 for
priority 0−3 by bit[6−0] of the port register ingress limit control 1−4. The two-queue mode will use Q0−Q1 for priority
0-1by bit[6-0] of the port register ingress limit control 1−2. The priority levels in the packets of the 802.1p and DiffServ
can be programmed to priority 0−3 by the register 128 and 129 for a re-mapping.
January 22, 2013
46
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Egress Rate Limit
For egress rate limiting, the Leaky Bucket algorithm is applied to each output priority queue for shaping output traffic.
Interframe gap is stretched on a per frame base to generate smooth, non-burst egress traffic. The throughput of each
output priority queue is limited by the egress rate specified by the data rate selection table followed the egress rate
limit control registers.
If any egress queue receives more traffic than the specified egress rate throughput, packets may be accumulated in
the output queue and packet memory. After the memory of the queue or the port is used up, packet dropping or flow
control will be triggered. As a result of congestion, the actual egress rate may be dominated by flow control/dropping
at the ingress end, and may be therefore slightly less than the specified egress rate. The egress rate limiting
supports the port-based, 802.1p and DiffServ-based priorities, the port-based priority is fixed priority 0−3 selection by
bits[4−3] of the port register control 0. The 802.1p and DiffServ-based priority can be mapped to priority 0−3 by
default of the register 128 and 129. In the egress rate limit, set register 135 global control 19 bit 3 for queue-based
rate limit to be enabled if using two-queue or four-queue mode. All related ingress ports and egress port should be
split to two-queue or four-queue mode by the port registers control 9 and control 0. The four-queue mode will use
Q0-Q3 for priority 0−3 by bit[6-0] of the port register egress limit control 1−4. The two-queue mode will use Q0-Q1 for
priority 0−1by bit[6−0] of the port register egress limit control 1−2. The priority levels in the packets of the 802.1p and
DiffServ can be programmed to priority 0−3 by the register 128 and 129 for a re-mapping.
When the egress rate is limited, just use one queue per port for the egress port rate limit. The priority packets will be
based upon the data rate selection table (see Tables 13 and 14). If the egress rate limit uses more than one queue
per port for the egress port rate limit, then the highest priority packets will be based upon the data rate selection table
for the rate limit exact number. Other lower priority packet rates will be limited based upon 8:4:2:1 (default) priority
ratio, which is based on the highest priority rate. The transmit queue priority ratio is programmable.
To reduce congestion, it is good practice to make sure the egress bandwidth exceeds the ingress bandwidth.
Transmit Queue Ratio Programming
In transmit queues 0−3 of the egress port, the default priority ratio is 8:4:2:1. The priority ratio can be programmed by
the port registers control 10, 11, 12 and 13. When the transmit rate exceeds the ratio limit in the transmit queue, the
transmit rate will be limited by the transmit queue 0−3 ratio of the port register control 10, 11, 12 and 13. The highest
priority queue will not be limited. Other lower priority queues will be limited based on the transmit queue ratio.
Filtering for Self-Address, Unknown Unicast/Multicast Address and Unknown VID Packet/IP Multicast
Enable Self-address filtering, the unknown unicast packet filtering and forwarding by the Register 131 Global Control
15. Enable Unknown multicast packet filtering and forwarding by the Register 132 Global Control 16.
Enable Unknown VID packet filtering and forwarding by the Register 133 Global Control 17.
Enable Unknown IP multicast packet filtering and forwarding by the Register 134 Global Control 18.
This function is very useful in preventing packets that could degrade the quality of the port in applications such as
voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and the daisy chain connection.
Configuration Interface
2
I C Master Serial Bus Configuration
If a 2-wire EEPROM exists, then the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ can perform more advanced features like broadcast
storm protection and rate control. The EEPROM should have the entire valid configuration data from Register 0 to
Register 255 defined in the “Memory Map,” except the chipID = 0 in the register1 and the status registers. After reset,
the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will start to read all 255 registers sequentially from the EEPROM. The configuration
access time (tprgm) is less than 30ms, as shown in Figure 8.
January 22, 2013
47
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Figure 8. KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ EEPROM Configuration Timing Diagram
To configure the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ with a pre-configured EEPROM use the following steps:
1. At the board level, connect pin 110 on the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ to the SCL pin on the EEPROM. Connect pin
111 on the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ to the SDA pin on the EEPROM.
2. A[2-0] address pins of EEPROM should be tied to ground for address A[2-0] = ‘000’ to be identified by the
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ.
3. Set the input signals PS[1:0] (pins 113 and 114, respectively) to “00.” This puts the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ serial
2
bus configuration into I C master mode.
4. Be sure the board-level reset signal is connected to the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ reset signal on pin 115 (RST_N).
5. Program the contents of the EEPROM before placing it on the board with the desired configuration data. Note
that the first byte in the EEPROM must be “95” for the loading to occur properly. If this value is not correct, all
other data will be ignored.
6. Place EEPROM on the board and power up the board. Assert the active-low board level reset to RST_N on the
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ. After the reset is de-asserted, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ will begin reading configuration
data from the EEPROM. The configuration access time (tprgm) is less than 30ms.
Note: For proper operation, make sure that pin 47 (PWRDN_N) is not asserted during the reset operation.
SPI Slave Serial Bus Configuration
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ can also act as a SPI slave device. Through the SPI, the entire feature set can be
enabled, including “VLAN,” “IGMP snooping,” “MIB counters,” etc. The external master device can access any
register from Register 0 to Register 127 randomly. The system should configure all the desired settings before
enabling the switch in the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ. To enable the switch, write a "1" to Register 1 bit 0.
Two standard SPI commands are supported (00000011 for “READ DATA,” and 00000010 for “WRITE DATA”). To
speed configuration time, the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ also supports multiple reads or writes. After a byte is written to
or read from the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ, the internal address counter automatically increments if the SPI Slave
Select Signal (SPIS_N) continues to be driven low. If SPIS_N is kept low after the first byte is read, the next byte at
the next address will be shifted out on SPIQ. If SPIS_N is kept low after the first byte is written, bits on the Master
Out Slave Input (SPID) line will be written to the next address. Asserting SPIS_N high terminates a read or write
operation. This means that the SPIS_N signal must be asserted high and then low again before issuing another
command and address. The address counter wraps back to zero once it reaches the highest address. Therefore the
entire register set can be written to or read from by issuing a single command and address.
The default SPI clock speed is 12.5MHz. The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ is able to support a SPI bus up to 25MHz (set
register 12 bit[5:4] = 0x10). A high performance SPI master is recommended to prevent internal counter overflow.
January 22, 2013
48
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
To use the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ SPI:
1. At the board level, connect KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ pins as follows:
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Pin Number
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Signal Name
112
SPIS_N
110
SPIC
SPI Clock
111
SPID
Master Out Slave Input
109
SPIQ
Master In Slave Output
Microprocessor Signal Description
SPI Slave Select
Table 10. SPI Connections
2. Set the input signals PS[1:0] (pins 113 and 114, respectively) to “10” to set the serial configuration to SPI slave
mode.
3. Power up the board and assert a reset signal. After reset wait 100µs, the start switch bit in Register 1 will be set
to ‘0’. Configure the desired settings in the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ before setting the start register to ‘1.'
4. Write configuration to registers using a typical SPI write data cycle as shown in Figure 9 or SPI multiple write as
shown in Figure 11. Note that data input on SPID is registered on the rising edge of SPIC.
5. Registers can be read and configuration can be verified with a typical SPI read data cycle as shown in Figure 10
or a multiple read as shown in Figure 12. Note that read data is registered out of SPIQ on the falling edge of
SPIC.
6. After configuration is written and verified, write a ‘1’ to Register 1 bit 0 to begin KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ switch
operation.
SPIS_N
SPIC
SPID
X
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
SPIQ
WRITE COMMAND
WRITE ADDRESS
WRITE DATA
Figure 9. SPI Write Data Cycle
SPIS_N
SPIC
SPID
X
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
SPIQ
A1
A0
D7
READ COMMAND
READ ADDRESS
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
READ DATA
Figure 10. SPI Read Data Cycle
January 22, 2013
49
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
SPIS_N
SPIC
SPID
X
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
A0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
D2
D1
D0
SPIQ
WRITE COMMAND
WRITE ADDRESS
Byte 1
SPIS_N
SPIC
SPID
D7
D6
D5
D4
D4
D2
D1
D0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D7
D0
D6
D5
D4
D3
SPIQ
Byte 2
Byte N
Byte 3 ...
Figure 11. SPI Multiple Write
SPIS_N
SPIC
SPID
X
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
SPIQ
A0
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
READ ADDRESS
READ COMMAND
Byte 1
SPIS_N
SPIC
SPID
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
SPIQ
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Byte 2
Byte 3 ...
Byte N
Figure 12. SPI Multiple Read
January 22, 2013
50
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MII Management Interface (MIIM)
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ supports the standard IEEE 802.3 MII Management Interface, also known as the
Management Data Input/Output (MDIO) Interface. This interface allows upper-layer devices to monitor and control
the states of the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ. An external device with MDC/MDIO capability is used to read the PHY
status or configure the PHY settings. Further details on the MIIM interface are found in Clause 22.2.4.5 of the IEEE
802.3u Specification.
The MIIM interface consists of the following:
•
A physical connection that incorporates the data line (pin 108 MDIO) and the clock line (pin 107 MDC).
•
A specific protocol that operates across the aforementioned physical connection that allows an external
controller to communicate with the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ device.
•
Access to a set of eight 16-bit registers, consisting of 8 standard MIIM registers [0:5h], 1d and 1f MIIM
registers per port.
The MIIM Interface can operate up to a maximum clock speed of 10MHz MDC clock.
Table 11 depicts the MII Management Interface frame format.
Preamble
Start of
Frame
Read/Write
OP Code
PHY
Address
Bits[4:0]
REG
Address
Bits[4:0]
TA
Data Bits[15:0]
Idle
Read
32 1’s
01
10
AAAAA
RRRRR
Z0
DDDDDDDD_DDDDDDDD
Z
Write
32 1’s
01
01
AAAAA
RRRRR
10
DDDDDDDD_DDDDDDDD
Z
Table 11. MII Management Interface Frame Format
The MIIM interface does not have access to all the configuration registers in the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ. It can only
access the standard MIIM registers. See “MIIM Registers”. The SPI interface and MDC/MDIO SMI mode, on the
other hand, can be used to access all registers with the entire KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ feature set.
Serial Management Interface (SMI)
The SMI is the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ non-standard MIIM interface that provides access to all KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
configuration registers. This interface allows an external device with MDC/MDIO interface to completely monitor and
control the states of the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ.
The SMI interface consists of the following:
•
A physical connection that incorporates the data line (MDIO) and the clock line (MDC).
•
A specific protocol that operates across the aforementioned physical connection that allows an external controller
to communicate with the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ device.
•
Access to all KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ configuration registers. Register access includes the Global, Port and
Advanced Control Registers 0-255 (0x00 – 0xFF), and indirect access to the standard MIIM registers [0:5] and
custom MIIM registers [29, 31].
The SMI Interface can operate up to a maximum clock speed of 10MHz MDC clock.
Table 12 depicts the SMI frame format.
Preamble
Start of
Frame
Read/Write
OP Code
PHY
REG
Address
Address
Bits[4:0]
Bits[4:0]
TA
Data Bits[15:0]
Idle
Read
32 1’s
01
10
RR11R
RRRRR
Z0
0000_0000_DDDD_DDDD
Z
Write
32 1’s
01
01
RR11R
RRRRR
10
xxxx_xxxx_DDDD_DDDD
Z
Table 12. Serial Management Interface (SMI) Frame Format
January 22, 2013
51
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
SMI register Read access is selected when OP Code is set to “10” and bits [2:1] of the PHY address is set to ‘11’.
The 8-bit register address is the concatenation of {PHY address bits [4:3], PHY address bits [0], REG address bit
[4:0]}. TA is turn-around bits. TA bits [1:0] are ’Z0’ means the processor MDIO pin is changed to input Hi-Z from
output mode and the followed ‘0’ is the read response from device, as the switch configuration registers are 8-bit
wide, only the lower 8 bits of data bits [15:0] are used
SMI register Write access is selected when OP Code is set to “01” and bits [2:1] of the PHY address is set to ‘11’.
The 8-bit register address is the concatenation of {PHY address bits [4:3], PHY address bits [0], REG address bit
[4:0]}. TA bits [1:0] are set to ’10’, as the switch configuration registers are 8-bit wide, only the lower 8 bits of data bits
[15:0] are used.
To access the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ registers 0-255 (0x00 - 0xFF), the following applies:
PHYAD [4, 3, 0] and REGAD [4:0] are concatenated to form the 8-bit address; that is, {PHYAD [4, 3, 0], REGAD
[4:0]} = bits [7:0] of the 8-bit address.
Registers are 8 data bits wide. For read operation, data bits [15:8] are read back as zeroes. For write operation, data
bits [15:8] are not defined, and hence can be set to either zeroes or ones.
SMI register access is the same as the MIIM register access, except for the register access requirements presented
in this section.
January 22, 2013
52
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Register Description
Offset
Decimal
Hex
Description
0−1
0x00-0x01
Chip ID Registers.
2−13
0x02-0x0D
Global Control Registers.
14−15
0x0E-0x0F
Power Down Management Control Registers.
16−20
0x10-0x14
Port 1 Control Registers.
21−23
0x15-0x17
Port 1 Reserved (Factory Test Registers).
25−31
0x18-0x1F
Port 1 Control/Status Registers.
32−36
0x20-0x24
Port 2 Control Registers.
37−39
0x25-0x27
Port 2 Reserved (Factory Test Registers).
40−47
0x28-0x2F
Port 2 Control/Status Registers.
48−52
0x30-0x34
Port 3 Control Registers.
53−55
0x35-0x37
Port 3 Reserved (Factory Test Registers).
56−63
0x38-0x3F
Port 3 Control/Status Registers.
64−68
0x40-0x44
Port 4 Control Registers.
69−71
0x45-0x47
Port 4 Reserved (Factory Test Registers).
72−79
0x48-0x4F
Port 4 Control/Status Registers.
80−84
0x50-0x54
Port 5 Control Registers.
85−87
0x55-0x57
Port 5 Reserved (Factory Test Registers).
88−95
0x58-0x5F
Port 5 Control/Status Registers.
96−103
0x60-0x67
Reserved (Factory Testing Registers).
104−109
0x68-0x6D
MAC Address Registers.
110−111
0x6E-0x6F
Indirect Access Control Registers.
112−120
0x70-0x78
Indirect Data Registers.
121−123
0x79-0x7B
Reserved (Factory Testing Registers).
124−125
0x7C-0x7D
Port Interrupt Registers.
126−127
0x7E-0x7F
Reserved (Factory Testing Registers).
128−135
0x80-0x87
Global Control Registers.
136
0x88
Switch Self Test Control Register.
137−143
0x89-0x8F
QM Global Control Registers.
144−145
0x90-0x91
TOS Priority Control Registers.
146−159
0x92-0x9F
TOS Priority Control Registers.
160−175
0xA0-0xAF
Reserved (Factory Testing Registers).
176−190
0xB0-0xBE
Port 1 Control Registers.
191
January 22, 2013
0xBF
Reserved (Factory Testing Register): Transmit Queue Remap Base Register.
53
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Register Description (Continued)
Offset
Decimal
192−206
Hex
0xC0-0xCE
207
208−222
0xCF
0xD0-0xDE
223
224−238
0xDF
0xE0-0xEE
239
240−254
Description
0xEF
0xF0-0xFE
255
January 22, 2013
0xFF
Port 2 Control Registers.
Reserved (Factory Testing Register).
Port 3 Control Registers.
Reserved (Factory Testing Register).
Port 4 Control Registers.
Reserved (Factory Testing Register).
Port 5 Control Registers.
Reserved (Factory Testing Register).
54
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Global Registers
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Chip family.
RO
0x95
0100 = KSZ8895MQ
0110 = KSZ8995RQ
1100 = KSZ8895FMQ
RO
0x4 is MQ
0x6 is RQ
0xC is FMQ
Revision ID
RO
0x0
Register 0 (0x00): Chip ID0
7−0
Family ID
Register 1 (0x01): Chip ID1 / Start Switch
7−4
Chip ID
3−1
Revision ID
0
Start Switch
1, start the chip when external pins (PS1, PS0) = (1,0)
Note: in (PS1,PS0) = (0,0) mode, the chip will
start automatically, after trying to read the external
EEPROM. If EEPROM does not exist, the chip will use
default values for all internal registers. If EEPROM is
present, the contents in the EEPROM will be checked.
The switch will check:
7 Register 0 = 0x95,
(2) Register 1 [7:4] = Availible chip ID.
If this check is OK, the contents in the EEPROM will
override chip register default values =0, chip will not
start when external pins
(PS1, PS0) = (1,0) or (0,1).
R/W
0
Note: (PS1, PS0) = (1,1) for Factory test only.
0, stop the switch function of the chip.
Register 2 (0x02): Global Control 0
7
New Back-off Enable
New Back-off algorithm designed for UNH
1 = Enable
0 = Disable
R/W
0
6
Reserved
Reserved.
RO
0
R/W
(SC)
0
R/W
(SC)
0
Flush the entire dynamic MAC table for RSTP
1 = Trigger the flush dynamic MAC table operation.
This bit is self clear
0 = normal operation
5
Flush dynamic MAC table
Note: All the entries associated with a port that has its
learning capability being turned off (Learning Disable)
will be flushed. If you want to flush the entire Table, all
ports learning capability must be turned off.
Flush the matched entries in static MAC table for RSTP
1 = Trigger the flush static MAC table operation. This
bit is self clear
0 = normal operation
4
Flush static MAC table
January 22, 2013
Note: The matched entry is defined as the entry whose
Forwarding Ports field contains a single port and MAC
address with unicast. This port, in turn, has its learning
capability being turned off (Learning Disable). Per port,
multiple entries can be qualified as matched entries.
55
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
3
Enable PHY MII/RMII
2
Reserved
1
UNH Mode
0
Link Change Age
Description
Mode
Default
1, enable PHY P5-MII/RMII interface (default).
Note: if not enabled, the switch will tri-state all outputs.
R/W
1
Pin LED[5][1]
strap option.
PD(0): isolate.
PU(1): Enable.
Note: LED[5][1]
has internal pullup (PU).
N/A Do not change.
RO
1
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
1, the switch will drop packets with 0x8808 in T/L filed,
or DA = 01-80-C2-00-00-01.
0, the switch will drop packets qualified as “flow control”
packets.
1, link change from “link” to “no link” will cause fast
aging (<800µs) to age address table faster. After an
age cycle is complete, the age logic will return to
normal (300 +/- 75 seconds ). Note: If any port is
unplugged, all addresses will be automatically aged
out.
Register 3 (0x03): Global Control 1
7
Pass All Frames
6
2K Byte packet support
5
4
IEEE 802.3x Transmit
Flow Control Disable
IEEE 802.3x Receive
Flow Control Disable
January 22, 2013
1, switch all packets including bad ones. Used solely
for debugging purpose. Works in conjunction with
sniffer mode.
1 = enable support 2K Byte packet
0 = disable support 2K Byte packet
0, will enable transmit flow control based on AN result.
1, will not enable transmit flow control regardless of
AN result.
0, will enable receive flow control based on AN result.
1, will not enable receive flow control regardless of
AN result.
Note: Bit 5 and bit 4 default values are controlled by
the same pin, but they can be programmed
independently.
56
R/W
R/W
0
Pin PMRXD3
strap option.
PD(0): Enable Tx
flow control
(default).
PU(1): Disable
Tx/Rx flow
control.
Note: PMRXD3
has internal pulldown.
0
Pin PMRXD3
strap option.
PD (0): Enable
Rx flow control
(default).
PU(1): Disable
Tx/Rx flow
control.
Note: PMRXD3
has internal pulldown.
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
3
Frame Length Field
Check
1, will check frame length field in the IEEE packets
If the actual length does not match, the packet will be
dropped (for L/T <1500) .
Mode
Default
R/W
0
2
Aging Enable
1, Enable age function in the chip.
0, Disable aging function.
R/W
1
Fast age Enable
1 = Turn on fast age (800µs).
R/W
1
Pin LED[5][2]
strap option.
PD(0): Aging
disable.
PU(1): Aging
enable (default).
Note: LED[5][2]
has internal pull
up.
0
0
Pin PMRXD0
strap option.
PD(0): Disable
aggressive back
off (default).
PU(1):
Aggressive back
off.
Note: PMRXD0
has internal pull
down.
1 = Enable more aggressive back-off algorithm in half
duplex mode to enhance performance. This is not an
IEEE standard.
R/W
Unicast Port-VLAN
Mismatch Discard
This feature is used for port VLAN (described in
Register 17, Register 33...).
1, all packets can not cross VLAN boundary.
0, unicast packets (excluding unknown/
multicast/broadcast) can cross VLAN boundary.
R/W
1
6
Multicast Storm
Protection Disable
1, “Broadcast Storm Protection” does not include
multicast packets. Only DA = FFFFFFFFFFFF packets
will be regulated.
0, “Broadcast Storm Protection” includes
DA = FFFFFFFFFFFF and DA[40] = 1 packet.
R/W
1
5
Back Pressure Mode
1, carrier sense based backpressure is selected.
0, collision based backpressure is selected.
R/W
1
0
Aggressive Back Off
Enable
Register 4 (0x04): Global Control 2
7
January 22, 2013
57
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Global Registers (Continued)
Address
4
3
2
Name
Description
Flow Control and Back
Pressure fair Mode
1, fair mode is selected. In this mode, if a flow control
port and a non-flow control port talk to the same
destination port, then packets from the non-flow control
port may be dropped. This is to prevent the flow control
port from being flow controlled for an extended period
of time.
0, in this mode, if a flow control port and a non-flow
control port talk to the same destination port, the flow
control port will be flow controlled. This may not be
“fair” to the flow control port.
Mode
Default
R/W
1
No Excessive
Collision Drop
1, the switch will not drop packets when 16 or more
collisions occur.
0, the switch will drop packets when 16 or more
collisions occur.
R/W
0
Pin PMRXD1
strap option.
PD(0): (default )
Drop excessive
collision packets.
PU(1): Do Not
drop excessive
collision packets.
Note: PMRXD1
has internal pull
down.
Huge Packet Support
1, will accept packet sizes up to 1916 bytes (inclusive).
This bit setting will override setting from bit 1 of the
same register.
0, the max packet size will be determined by bit 1 of
this register.
R/W
0
R/W
0
Pin PMRXER
strap option.
PD(0): (default)
1518/1522 byte
packets.
PU(1): 1536 byte
packets.
Note: PMRXER
has internal pulldown.
1
Legal Maximum Packet
Size Check Disable
1, will accept packet sizes up to 1536 bytes (inclusive).
0, 1522 bytes for tagged packets (not including packets
with STPID from CPU to ports 1-4), 1518 bytes for
untagged packets. Any packets larger than the
specified value will be dropped.
0
Reserved
N/A
RO
0
Register 5 (0x05): Global Control 3
7
802.1q VLAN Enable
1, 802.1q VLAN mode is turned on. VLAN table needs
to set up before the operation.
0, 802.1q VLAN is disabled.
R/W
0
6
IGMP Snoop Enable on
Switch SW5-MII/RMII
Interface
1, IGMP snoop enabled. All the IGMP packets will be
forwarded to Switch MII/RMII port.
0, IGMP snoop disabled.
R/W
0
5
Enable Direct Mode on
Switch SW5-MII/RMII
Interface
1, direct mode on Port 5. This is a special mode for the
Switch MII/RMII interface. Using preamble before
MRXDV to direct switch to forward packets, bypassing
internal look-up.
0, normal operation.
R/W
0
January 22, 2013
58
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
4
Enable Pre-Tag on
Switch SW5MII/TMI/RMIII Interface
3−2
1
Mode
Default
1, packets forwarded to Switch MII/RMII interface will
be pre-tagged with the source port number (preamble
before MRXDV).
0, normal operation.
R/W
0
Reserved
N/A
RO
00
Enable “Tag” Mask
1, the last 5 digits in the VID field are used as a mask to
determine which port(s) the packet should be forwarded
to.
0, no tag masks.
R/W
0
1, will do Rx AND Tx sniff (both source port and
destination port need to match).
0, will do Rx OR Tx sniff (Either source port or
destination port needs to match).
This is the mode used to implement Rx only sniff.
R/W
0
1, enable half-duplex back pressure on switch MII/RMII
interface.
0, disable back pressure on switch MII interface.
R/W
0
Note: you need to turn off the 802.1q VLAN mode
(reg0x5, bit 7 = 0) for this bit to work
0
Sniff Mode Select
Register 6 (0x07): Global Control 4
7
Switch SW5-MII/RMII
Back Pressure Enable
6
Switch SW5-MII/RMII
Half-Duplex Mode
1, enable MII/RMII interface half-duplex mode.
0, enable MII/RMII interface full-duplex mode.
R/W
5
Switch SW5-MII/RMII
Flow Control Enable
1, enable full-duplex flow control on switch MII/RMII
interface.
0, disable full-duplex flow control on switch MII/RMII
interface.
R/W
January 22, 2013
59
0
Pin SMRXD2
strap option.
PD(0): (default)
Full-duplex
mode.
PU(1): Halfduplex mode.
Note: SMRXD2
has internal pulldown.
0
Pin SMRXD3
strap option.
PD(0): (default)
Disable flow
control.
PU(1): enable
flow control.
Note: SMRXD3
has internal pulldown.
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
4
Switch SW5-MII/RMII
Speed
1, the switch SW5-MII/RMII is in 10Mbps mode.
0, the switch SW5-MII/RMII is in 100Mbps mode.
R/W
0
Pin SMRXD1
strap option.
PD(0): (default)
Enable 100Mbps.
PU(1): Enable
10Mbps.
Note: SMRXD1
has internal pulldown.
3
Null VID Replacement
1, will replace null VID with port VID (12 bits).
0, no replacement for null VID.
R/W
0
2−0
Broadcast Storm
Protection Rate Bit[10:8]
This along with the next register determines how many
“64 byte blocks” of packet data allowed on an input port
in a preset period. The period is 50ms for 100BT or
500ms for 10BT. The default is 1%.
R/W
000
This along with the previous register determines how
many “64-byte blocks” of packet data are allowed on an
input port in a preset period. The period is 50ms for
100BT or 500ms for 10BT. The default is 1%.
R/W
0x4A
N/A Do not change.
RO
0x00
N/A Do not change.
RO
0x4C
Register 7 (0x07): Global Control 5
7−0
Broadcast Storm
Protection Rate Bit[7:0]
(1)
Register 8 (0x08): Global Control 6
7−0
Factory Testing
Register 9 (0x09): Global Control 7
7−0
Factory Testing
Note:
148,800 frames/sec × 50ms/interval × 1% = 74 frames/interval (approx.) = 0x4A.
January 22, 2013
60
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0x00
RO
0
R/W
0
Register 10 (0x0A): Global Control 8
7−0
Factory Testing
N/A Do not change.
Register 11 (0x0B): Global Control 9
7
6
Reversed
Port 5 SW5- RMII
reference clock edge
select
N/A Do not change.
RQ: Select the data sampling edge of Switch MAC5
SW5- RMII reference clock:
1 = data sampling on negative edge of refclk
0 = data sampling on positive edge of refclk (default)
Note: MQ/FMQ is reserved with read only for this bit.
5
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
4
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
3
PHY Power
Save
1 = disable PHY power save mode.
0 = enable PHY power save mode.
R/W
0
2
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
R/W
0
Pin SMRXD0 –
strap option. Pulldown(0): Enabled
led mode 0. Pullup(1): Enabled
led mode 1.
Note: SMRXD0
has internal pulldown 0.
R/W
0
0 = led mode 0.
1 = led mode 1.
Mode 0, link at
100/Full LEDx[2,1,0] = 0,0,0
100/Half LEDx[2,1,0] = 0,1,0
10/Full LEDx[2,1,0] = 0,0,1
10/Half LEDx[2,1,0] = 0,1,1
Mode 1, link at
1
LED Mode
100/Full LEDx[2,1,0] = 0,1,0
100/Half LEDx[2,1,0] = 0,1,1
10/Full LEDx[2,1,0] = 1,0,0
10/Half LEDx[2,1,0] = 1,0,1
(0 = LED on, 1 = LED off)
Mode 0
Mode 1
LEDX_2
Lnk/Act
100Lnk/Act
LEDX_1
Fulld/Col
10Lnk/Act
LEDX_0
Speed
Fulld
Select the SPI/SMI clock edge for sampling SPI/SMI
read data.
0
SPI/SMI read sampling
clock edge select
January 22, 2013
1 = trigger by rising edge of SPI/SMI clock (for high
speed SPI about 25MHz and SMI about 10MHz)
0 = trigger by falling edge of SPI/SMI clock.
61
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0
RO
1
Pin LED[2][2]
strap option.
PD(0): Select
SW5-RMII at
normal mode to
receive external
50MHz RMII
reference clock
PU(1): (default)
Select SW5RMII at clock
mode, RMII
output 50MHz
Note: LED[2][2]
has internal pullup.
R/W
01
Register 12 (0x0C): Global Control 10
7
6
Reserved
Satus of device with RMII
interface at clock mode or
normal mode, default is
clock mode with 25MHz
Crystal clock from pins
X1/X2
(used for RMII of the
KSZ8895RQ only)
Reserved
1 = The device is in clock mode when use RMII
interface, 25 MHz Crystal clock input as clock source
for internal PLL. This internal PLL will provide the 50
MHz output on the pin SMRXC for RMII reference
clock (Default).
0 = The device is in normal mode when use SW4-RMII
interface and 50 MHz clock input from external clock
through pin SM4TXC as device’s clock source and
internal PLL clock source from this pin not from the
25MHz crystal.
Note: This bit is set by strap option only. Write to this
bit has no effect on mode selection.
Note: The normal mode is used in SW5-RMII interface
reference clock from external.
5–4
CPU interface clock select
Select the internal clock speed for SPI, MDI interface:
00 = 41.67MHz (SPI up to 6.25MHz, MDC up to
6MHz)
01 = 83.33MHz Default (SPI SCL up to 12.5MHz,
MDC up to 12MHz)
10 = 125MHz (for hign speed SPI about 25MHz)
11 = Reserved
3
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
2
Enable restore preamble
This bit is to enable PHY5, when in 10BT mode, to
restore preamble before sending data on P5-MII
interface.
1 = Enable PHY5 to restore preamble.
0 = Disable PHY5 to restore preamble.
R/W
1
1
Tail Tag Enable
Tail Tag feature is applied for Port 5 only.
1 = Insert 1 Byte of data right before FCS.
0 = Do not insert.
R/W
0
0
Pass Flow Control Packet
1 = Switch will not filter 802.1x “flow control” packets.
0 = Switch will filter 802.1x “flow control” packets.
R/W
0
RO
00000000
Register 13 (0x0D): Global Control 11
7–0
Factory Testing
N/A Do not change.
Register 14 (0x0E): Power Down Management Control 1
7
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
6
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
January 22, 2013
62
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
5
PLL Power Down
Pll power down enable:
1 = Enable
0 = Disable
4–3
Power Management Mode
Power management mode :
00 = Normal mode (D0)
01 = Energy Detection mode (D2)
10 = soft Power Down mode (D3)
11 = Power Saving mode (D1)
2−0
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
Mode
Default
R/W
0
R/W
00
Pin LED[4][0]
strap option.
PD(0): Select
Energy detection
mode
PU(1): (default)
Normal mode
Note: LED[4][0]
has internal pullup.
RO
000
R/W
01010000
Register 15 (0x0F): Power Down Management Control 2
7–0
Go_sleep_time[7:0]
January 22, 2013
When the Energy Detect mode is on, this value is
used to control the minimum period that the no energy
event has to be detected consecutively before the
device enters the low power state. The unit is 20 ms.
The default of go_sleep time is 1.6 seconds (80Dec x
20ms).
63
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port Registers
The following registers are used to enable features that are assigned on a per port basis. The register bit
assignments are the same for all ports, but the address for each port is different, as indicated.
Register 16 (0x10): Port 1 Control 0
Register 32 (0x20): Port 2 Control 0
Register 48 (0x30): Port 3 Control 0
Register 64 (0x40): Port 4 Control 0
Register 80 (0x50): Port 5 Control 0
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
7
Broadcast Storm
Protection Enable
1, enable broadcast storm protection for ingress
packets on the port.
0, disable broadcast storm protection.
R/W
0
6
DiffServ Priority
Classification Enable
1, enable DiffServ priority classification for ingress
packets on port.
0, disable DiffServ function.
R/W
0
5
802.1p Priority
Classification Enable
1, enable 802.1p priority classification for ingress
packets on port.
0, disable 802.1p.
R/W
0
R/W
00
Tag insertion
1, when packets are output on the port, the switch will
add 802.1q tags to packets without 802.1q tags when
received. The switch will not add tags to packets
already tagged. The tag inserted is the ingress port’s
“port VID.”
0, disable tag insertion.
R/W
0
Tag Removal
1, when packets are output on the port, the switch will
remove 802.1q tags from packets with 802.1q tags
when received. The switch will not modify packets
received without tags.
0, disable tag removal.
R/W
0
= 00, ingress packets on port will be
classified as priority 0 queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p”
classification is not enabled or fails to classify.
= 01, ingress packets on port will be
classified as priority 1 queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p”
classification is not enabled or fails to classify.
4–3
Port-Based Priority
Classification Enable
= 10, ingress packets on port will be
classified as priority 2 queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p”
classification is not enabled or fails to classify.
= 11, ingress packets on port will be
classified as priority 3 queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p”
classification is not enabled or fails to classify.
Note: “DiffServ”, “802.1p” and port priority can be
enabled at the same time. The OR’ed result of 802.1p
and DSCP overwrites the port priority.
2
1
January 22, 2013
64
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port Registers (Continued)
Address
0
Name
Description
Two Queues Split Enable
This bit 0 in the register16/32/48/64/80 should be in
combination with Register177/193/209/225/241 bit 1
for Port 1-5 will select the split of ½/4 queues:
For Port 1, [Register 177 bit 1, Register 16 bit 0] =
[11], Reserved
[10], the port output queue is split into four priority
queues or if map 802.1p to priority 0-3 mode.
[01], the port output queue is split into two priority
queues or if map 802.1p to priority 0-3 mode.
[00], single output queue on the port. There is no
priority differentiation even though packets are
classified into high or low priority.
Mode
Default
R/W
0
Mode
Default
Register 17 (0x11): Port 1 Control 1
Register 33 (0x21): Port 2 Control 1
Register 49 (0x31): Port 3 Control 1
Register 65 (0x41): Port 4 Control 1
Register 81 (0x51): Port 5 Control 1
Address
Name
Description
7
Sniffer Port
1, port is designated as sniffer port and will transmit
packets that are monitored.
0, port is a normal port.
R/W
0
6
Receive Sniff
1, all the packets received on the port will be marked
as “monitored packets” and forwarded to the
designated “sniffer port.”
0, no receive monitoring.
R/W
0
5
Transmit Sniff
1, all the packets transmitted on the port will be marked
as “monitored packets” and forwarded to the
designated “sniffer port.”
0, no transmit monitoring.
R/W
0
Port VLAN Membership
Define the port’s Port VLAN membership. Bit 4 stands
for Port 5, bit 3 for Port 4...bit 0 for Port 1. The port can
only communicate within the membership. A ‘1’
includes a port in the membership, a ‘0’ excludes a port
from membership.
R/W
0x1f
4−0
January 22, 2013
65
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port Registers (Continued)
Register 18 (0x12): Port 1 Control 2
Register 34 (0x22): Port 2 Control 2
Register 50 (0x32): Port 3 Control 2
Register 66 (0x42): Port 4 Control 2
Register 82 (0x52): Port 5 Control 2
Address
Mode
Default
User Priority Ceiling
1, If packet ‘s “user priority field” is greater than the
“user priority field” in the port default tag register,
replace the packet’s “user priority field” with the “user
priority field” in the port default tag register control 3.
0, no replace packet’s priority filed with port default tag
priority filed of the port register control 3 bit[7:5].
R/W
0
6
Ingress VLAN Filtering.
1, the switch will discard packets whose VID port
membership in VLAN table bit[20:16] does not include
the ingress port.
0, no ingress VLAN filtering.
R/W
0
5
Discard Non-PVID
packets
1, the switch will discard packets whose VID does not
match ingress port default VID.
0, no packets will be discarded.
R/W
0
7
Name
Description
0
Strap-in option
LED1_1/PCOL For
port 3/port 4 LED1_1
default Pull up (1):
Not force flow
control; PCOL default
Pull-down (0): Not
force flow control.
LED1_1 Pull down
(0): Force flow
control; PCOL Pullup (1): Force flow
control. Note:
LED1_1 has internal
pull-up; PCOL have
internal pull-down.
Pin PMRXD2 strap
option. Pull-down (0):
disable back
pressure. Pull-up(1):
enable back
pressure. Note:
PMRXD2 has internal
pull-down.
4
Force Flow Control
1, will always enable Rx and Tx flow control on the
port, regardless of AN result.
0, the flow control is enabled based on AN result
(Default)
R/W
3
Back Pressure Enable
1, enable port half-duplex back pressure.
0, disable port half-duplex back pressure.
R/W
2
Transmit Enable
1, enable packet transmission on the port.
0, disable packet transmission on the port.
R/W
1
1
Receive Enable
1, enable packet reception on the port.
0, disable packet reception on the port.
R/W
1
0
Learning Disable
1, disable switch address learning capability.
0, enable switch address learning.
R/W
0
Note:
Bits 2-0 are used for spanning tree support. See “Spanning Tree Support” section.
January 22, 2013
66
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port Registers (Continued)
Register 19 (0x13): Port 1 Control 3
Register 35 (0x23): Port 2 Control 3
Register 51 (0x33): Port 3 Control 3
Register 67 (0x43): Port 4 Control 3
Register 83 (0x53): Port 5 Control 3
Address
7−0
Name
Description
Default Tag [15:8]
Port’s default tag, containing:
7-5: user priority bits
4: CFI bit
3-0 : VID[11:8]
Mode
Default
R/W
0x00
Mode
Default
R/W
0x01
Register 20 (0x14): Port 1 Control 4
Register 36 (0x24): Port 2 Control 4
Register 52 (0x34): Port 3 Control 4
Register 68 (0x44): Port 4 Control 4
Register 84 (0x54): Port 5 Control 4
Address
Name
Description
7−0
Default Tag [7:0]
Default port 1’s tag, containing:
7-0: VID[7:0]
Note:
Registers 19 and 20 (and those corresponding to other ports) serve two purposes: (1) Associated with the ingress untagged packets, and used for
egress tagging; (2) Default VID for the ingress untagged or null-VID-tagged packets, and used for address look up.
Register 87 (0x57): RMII Management Control Register
Address
Name
Description
7−4
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
Port 5 SW5-RMII 50MHz
clock output disable
Disable the output of port 5 SW5-RMII 50 MHz output
clock on RXC pin when 50MHz clock is not being used
by the device and the 50MHz clock from external
oscillator or opposite device in RMII mode
1 = Disable clock output when RXC pin is not used in
RMII mode
0 = Enable clock output in RMII mode
3
(used for KSZ8895RQ
only)
Mode
Default
RO
0000
R/W
0
R/W
0
RO
00
Note:MQ/FMQ is reserved with read only for this bit.
P5-RMII 50MHz clock
output disable
2
(used for KSZ8895RQ
only)
Disable the output of port 5 P5-RMII 50 MHz output
clock on RXC pin when 50MHz clock is not being used
by the device and the 50MHz clock from external
oscillator or opposite device in RMII mode
1 = Disable clock output when RXC pin is not used in
RMII mode
0 = Enable clock output in RMII mode
Note:MQ/FMQ is reserved with read only for this bit.
1−0
Reserved
January 22, 2013
N/A Do not change.
67
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port Registers (Continued)
Register 25 (0x19): Port 1 Status 0
Register 41 (0x29): Port 2 Status 0
Register 57 (0x39): Port 3 Status 0
Register 73 (0x49): Port 4 Status 0
Register 89 (0x59): Port 5 Status 0
Address
Name
Description
7
Hp_mdix
6
Factory Testing
5
4
3
Polrvs
Transmit Flow Control
Enable
Receive Flow Control
Enable
2
Operation Speed
1
Operation Duplex
0
Reserved
Mode
Default
1 = HP Auto MDI/MDI-X mode
0 = Micrel Auto MDI/MDI-X mode
R/W
1
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
Mode
Default
RO
0000
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
RO
0
1 = Polarity is reversed
0 = Polarity is not reversed
1 = Transmit flow control feature is active
0 = Transmit flow control feature is inactive
1 = Receive flow control feature is active
0 = Receive flow control feature is inactive
1 = Link speed is 100Mbps
0 = Link speed is 10Mbps
1 = Link duplex is full
0 = Link duplex is half
N/A Do not change.
Register 26 (0x1A): Port 1 PHY Special Control/Status
Register 42 (0x2A): Port 2 PHY Special Control/Status
Register 58 (0x3A): Port 3 PHY Special Control/Status
Register 74 (0x4A): Port 4 PHY Special Control/Status
Register 90 (0x5A): Port 5 PHY Special Control/Status
Address
Name
Description
7-4
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
3
Force_lnk
2
Pwrsave
1
Remote Loopback
0
Reserved
January 22, 2013
1 = Force link pass
0 = Normal Operation
1 = Enable power saving
0 = Disable power saving
1 = Perform Remote loopback, loopback on port 1 as
follows:
Port 1 (reg. 26, bit 1 = ‘1’)
Start : RXP1/RXM1 (port 1)
Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 1’s PHY
End: TXP1/TXM1 (port 1)
Setting reg. 42, 58, 74, 90, bit 1 = ‘1’ will perform
remote loopback on port 2, 3, 4, 5.
0 = Normal Operation.
N/A Do not change.
68
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port Registers (Continued)
Register 27 (0x1B): Reserved
Register 43 (0x2B): Reserved
Register 59 (0x3B): Reserved
Register 75 (0x4B): Reserved
Register 91 (0x5B): Reserved
Address
Name
Description
7−0
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
Mode
Default
RO
0
Register 28 (0x1C): Port 1 Control 5
Register 44 (0x2C): Port 2 Control 5
Register 60 (0x3C): Port 3 Control 5
Register 76 (0x4C): Port 4 Control 5
Register 92 (0x5C): Port 5 Control 5
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
R/W
0
For Port 3/Port 4
only. INVERT of
pins
LED[2][1]/LED[5][0]
strap option.
PD(0): Disable
Auto-Negotiation.
PU(1): Enable
Auto-Negotiation.
Note:
LED[2][1]/LED[5][0]
have internal pull
up.
R/W
1
R/W
0
For Port 3/Port 4
only. Pins
LED1_0/PCRS
strap option:
1). Force halfduplex mode:
LED1_0 pin Pullup(1) (default) for
Port 3
PCRS pin Pulldown (0) (default)
for Port 4
2). Force fullDuplex mode:
LED1_0 pin Pulldown(0) for Port 3
PCRS Pull-up (1)
for Port 4.
Note: LED1_0 has
internal pull-up;
PCRS have
internal pull down.
1, disable auto-negotiation, speed and duplex are
decided by bit 6 and 5 of the same register.
0, auto-negotiation is on.
7
Disable Auto-Negotiation
Note: The register bit value is the INVERT of the strap
value at the pin.
6
5
Forced Speed
Forced Duplex
January 22, 2013
1, forced 100BT if AN is disabled (bit 7).
0, forced 10BT if AN is disabled (bit 7).
1, forced full-duplex if (1) AN is disabled or (2) AN is
enabled but failed.
0, forced half-duplex if (1) AN is disabled or (2) AN is
enabled but failed (Default).
69
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
4
Advertised Flow Control
Capability
1, advertise flow control capability.
0, suppress flow control capability from transmission to
link partner.
R/W
1
3
Advertised 100BT FullDuplex Capability
1, advertise 100BT full-duplex capability.
0, suppress 100BT full-duplex capability from
transmission to link partner.
R/W
1
2
Advertised 100BT HalfDuplex Capability
1, advertise 100BT half-duplex capability.
0, suppress 100BT half-duplex capability from
transmission to link partner.
R/W
1
1
Advertised 10BT FullDuplex Capability
1, advertise 10BT full-duplex capability.
0, suppress 10BT full-duplex capability from
transmission to link partner.
R/W
1
0
Advertised 10BT HalfDuplex Capability
1, advertise 10BT half-duplex capability.
0, suppress 10BT half-duplex capability from
transmission to link partner.
R/W
1
Mode
Default
Register 29 (0x1D): Port 1 Control 6
Register 45 (0x2D): Port 2 Control 6
Register 61 (0x3D): Port 3 Control 6
Register 77 (0x4D): Port 4 Control 6
Register 93 (0x5D): Port 5 Control 6
Address
Name
Description
7
LED Off
1, turn off all port’s LEDs (LEDx_2, LEDx_1, LEDx_0,
where “x” is the port number). These pins will be driven
high if this bit is set to one.
0, normal operation.
R/W
0
6
Txids
1, disable port’s transmitter.
0, normal operation.
R/W
0
5
Restart AN
1, restart auto-negotiation.
0, normal operation.
R/W
(SC)
0
4
FX reserved
N/A
RO
0
3
Power Down
1, power down.
0, normal operation.
R/W
0
2
Disable Auto MDI/MDI-X
1, disable auto MDI/MDI-X function.
0, enable auto MDI/MDI-X function.
R/W
0
1
Forced MDI
R/W
0
0
MAC Loopback
R/W
0
January 22, 2013
1, if auto MDI/MDI-X is disabled, force PHY into MDI
mode (transmit on RX pair).
0, MDI-X mode (transmit on TX pair).
1 = Perform MAC loopback, loop back path as follows:
E.g. set port 1 MAC Loopback (reg. 29, bit 0 = ‘1’), use
port 2 as monitor port. The packets will transfer
Start: Port 2 receiving (also can start to receive
packets from port 3, 4, 5).
Loop-back: Port 1’s MAC.
End: Port 2 transmitting (also can end at Port 3, 4,
5 respectively).
Setting reg. 45, 61, 77, 93, bit 0 = ‘1’ will perform MAC
loopback on port 2, 3, 4, 5 respectively.
0 = Normal Operation.
70
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port Registers (Continued)
Register 30 (0x1E): Port 1 Status 1
Register 46 (0x2E): Port 2 Status 1
Register 62 (0x3E): Port 3 Status 1
Register 78 (0x4E): Port 4 Status 1
Register 94 (0x5E): Port 5 Status 1
Address
Name
7
MDIX Status
6
AN Done
5
Link Good
4
3
2
1
0
Partner Flow Control
Capability
Partner 100BT FullDuplex Capability
Partner 100BT HalfDuplex Capability
Partner 10BT Full-Duplex
Capability
Partner 10BT Half-Duplex
Capability
Description
1, MDI.
0, MDI-X.
1, AN done.
0, AN not done.
1, link good.
0, link not good.
1, link partner flow control capable.
0, link partner not flow control capable.
1, link partner 100BT full-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 100BT full-duplex capable.
1, link partner 100BT half-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 100BT half-duplex capable.
1, link partner 10BT full-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 10BT full-duplex capable.
1, link partner 10BT half-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 10BT half-duplex capable.
Mode
Default
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
Mode
Default
R/W
0
RO
0
Register 31 (0x1F): Port 1 Control 7 and Status 2
Register 47 (0x2F): Port 2 Control 7 and Status 2
Register 63 (0x3F): Port 3 Control 7 and Status 2
Register 79 (0x4F): Port 4 Control 7 and Status 2
Register 95 (0x5F): Port 5 Control 7 and Status 2
Address
Name
Description
7
PHY Loopback
1 = Perform PHY loopback, loop back path as follows:
E.g. set port 1 PHY Loopback (reg. 31, bit 7 = ‘1’)
Use the port 2 as monitor port. The packets will
transfer.
Start: Port 2 receiving (also can start from port
3, 4, 5).
Loopback: PMD/PMA of Port 1’s PHY
End: Port 2 transmitting (also can end at Port 3,
4, 5 respectively).
Setting reg. 47, 63, 79, 95, bit 7 = ‘1’ will perform
PHY loopback on port 2, 3, 4, 5 respectively.
0 = Normal Operation.
6
Reserved
5
PHY Isolate
1, electrical isolation of PHY from MII/RMII and
TX+/TX-.
0, normal operation.
R/W
0
4
Soft Reset
1, PHY soft reset. This bit is self clear.
0, normal operation.
R/W
(SC)
0
3
Force Link
1, force link in the PHY.
0, normal operation
R/W
0
January 22, 2013
71
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Port Registers (Continued)
Address
2−0
Name
Description
Port Operation Mode
Indication
Indicate the current state of port operation mode:
[000] = Reseved
[001] = still in auto-negotiation
[010] = 10BASE-T half duplex
[011] = 100BASE-TX half duplex
[100] = Reserved
[101] = 10BASE-T full duplex
[110] = 100BASE-TX full duplex
[111] = Reserved
Mode
Default
RO
001
Note:
Port Control 12 and 13, 14 and Port Status 1,2 contents can be accessed by MIIM (MDC/MDIO) interface via the standard MIIM register definition.
Advanced Control Registers
Registers 104 to 109 define the switching engine’s MAC address. This 48-bit address is used as the source address
in MAC pause control frames.
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
R/W
0x00
R/W
0x10
R/W
0xA1
R/W
0xff
R/W
0xff
R/W
0xff
Register 104 (0x68): MAC Address Register 0
7−0
MACA[47:40]
Register 105 (0x69): MAC Address Register 1
7−0
MACA[39:32]
Register 106 (0x6A): MAC Address Register 2
7−0
MACA[31:24]
Register 107 (0x6B): MAC Address Register 3
7−0
MACA[23:16]
Register 108 (0x6C): MAC Address Register 4
7−0
MACA[15:8]
Register 109 (0X6D): MAC Address Register 5
7−0
MACA[7:0]
January 22, 2013
72
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Use registers 110 and 111 to read or write data to the static MAC address table, VLAN table, dynamic address table,
or the MIB counters.
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 110 (0x6E): Indirect Access Control 0
7−5
Reserved
Reserved.
R/W
000
4
Read High Write Low
1, read cycle.
0, write cycle.
R/W
0
3−2
Table Select
00 = static mac address table selected.
01 = VLAN table selected.
10 = dynamic address table selected.
11 = MIB counter selected.
R/W
0
1−0
Indirect Address High
Bit 9-8 of indirect address.
R/W
00
R/W
00000000
Register 111 (0x6F): Indirect Access Control 1
7−0
Indirect Address Low
Bit 7-0 of indirect address.
Note:
Write to Register 111 will actually trigger a command. Read or write access will be decided by bit 4 of Register 110.
January 22, 2013
73
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
R/W
00000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
Register 112 (0x70): Indirect Data Register 8
68−64
Indirect Data
Bit 68-64 of indirect data.
Register 113 (0x71): Indirect Data Register 7
63−56
Indirect Data
Bit 63-56 of indirect data.
Register 114 (0x72): Indirect Data Register 6
55−48
Indirect Data
Bit 55-48 of indirect data.
Register 115 (0x73): Indirect Data Register 5
47−40
Indirect Data
Bit 47-40 of indirect data.
Register 116 (0x74): Indirect Data Register 4
39−32
Indirect Data
Bit 39-32 of indirect data.
Register 117 (0x75): Indirect Data Register 3
31−24
Indirect Data
Bit of 31-24 of indirect data
Register 118 (0x76): Indirect Data Register 2
23−16
Indirect Data
Bit 23-16 of indirect data.
Register 119 (0x77): Indirect Data Register 1
15−8
Indirect Data
Bit 15-8 of indirect data.
Register 120 (0x78): Indirect Data Register 0
7−0
Indirect Data
Bit 7-0 of indirect data.
Register 124 (0x7C): Interrupt Status Register
7–5
Reserved
Reserved.
RO
000
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
1, Port 5 interrupt request
0, normal
4
Port 5 Interrupt Status
Note: This bit is set by Port 5 link change. Write a
“1” to clear this bit
1, Port 4 interrupt request
0, normal
3
Port 4 Interrupt Status
Note: This bit is set by Port 4 link change. Write a
“1” to clear this bit
1, Port 3 interrupt request
0, normal
2
Port 3 Interrupt Status
Note: This bit is set by Port 3 link change. Write a
“1” to clear this bit
1, Port 2 interrupt request
0, normal
1
Port 2 Interrupt Status
Note: This bit is set by Port 2 link change. Write a
“1” to clear this bit
January 22, 2013
74
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0
RO
000
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
1, Port 1 interrupt request
0, normal
0
Port 1 Interrupt Status
Note: This bit is set by Port 1 link change. Write a
“1” to clear this bit
Register 125 (0x7D): Interrupt Mask Register
7–5
Reserved
4
Port 5 Interrupt Mask
3
Port 4 Interrupt Mask
2
Port 3 Interrupt Mask
1
Port 2 Interrupt Mask
0
Port 1 Interrupt Mask
Reserved.
1, Enable Port 5 interrupt.
0, normal
1, Enable Port 4 interrupt.
0, normal
1, Enable Port 3 interrupt.
0, normal
1, Enable Port 2 interrupt.
0, normal
1, Enable Port 1 interrupt.
0, normal
The registers 128, 129 can be used to map from 802.1p priority field 0-7 to switch’s four priority queues 0-3, 0x3 is
highest priority queues as priority 3, 0x0 is lowest priority queues as priority 0.
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 128 (0x80): Global Control 12
7–6
Tag_0x3
5–4
Tag_0x2
3–2
Tag_0x1
1–0
Tag_0x0
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x3.
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x2.
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x1.
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x0.
R/W
0x1
R/W
0x1
R/W
0x0
R/W
0x0
R/W
0x3
R/W
0x3
R/W
0x2
R/W
0x2
Register 129 (0x81): Global Control 13
7–6
Tag_0x7
5–4
Tag_0x6
3–2
Tag_0x5
1–0
Tag_0x4
January 22, 2013
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x7.
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x6.
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x5.
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x4.
75
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 130 (0x82): Global Control 14
When the 2 Queues configuration is selected, these
Pri_2Q[1:0] bits are used to map the 2-bit result of
IEEE 802.1p from register 128/129 or TOS/DiffServ
from register 144- 159 mapping (for 4 Queues) into
two queues low/high priorities.
Pri_2Q[1:0]
7–6
(Note that program
Prio_2Q[1:0] = 01 is not
supported and should be
avoided)
2-bit result of IEEE 802.1p or TOS/DiffServ
00 (0) = map to Low priority queue
01 (1) = Prio_2Q[0] map to Low/High priority queue
10 (2) = Prio_2Q[1] map to Low/High priority queue
11 (3) = map to High priority queue
R/W
10
Pri_2Q[1:0] =
00: Result 0,1,2 are low priority. 3 is high priority.
10: Result 0,1 are low priority. 2,3 are high priority
(default).
11: Result 0 is low priority. 1,2,3 are high priority.
5
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
4
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
3–2
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
01
1
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
0
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0.
Register 131 (0x83): Global Control 15
7
Reserved
N/A
RO
1
6
Reserved
N/A
RO
0
5
Unknown unicast packet
forward
R/W
0
4–0
Unknown unicast packet
forward port map
R/W
00000
January 22, 2013
1 = enable supporting unknown unicast packet
forward
0 = disable
00000 = filter uknown unicast packet
00001 = forward uknown unicast packet to port 1.
00010 = forward uknown unicast packet to port 2.
00011 = forward uknown unicast packet to port 1,
port 2
……
11111 = broadcast uknown unicast packet to all
ports
76
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 132 (0x84): Global Control 16
7–6
Chip I/O output drive strength
select[1:0]
5
Unknown multicast packet
forward (not including IP
multicast packet)
4–0
Unknown multicast packet
forward port map
R/W
01
Pin LED[3][0]
strap option.
Pull-down (0):
Select 12mA
drive strength.
Pull-up (1):
Select 8mA
drive strength.
Note: LED[3][0]
has internal
pull-up.
R/W
0
R/W
00000
RO
00
R/W
0
R/W
00000
RO
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
Output drive strength select[1:0] =
00 = 4mA drive strength
01 = 8mA drive strength (default)
10 = 12mA drive strength
11 = 16 mA drive strength
Note:
bit[1] value is the INVERT of the strap value at the
pin.
Bit[0] value is the SAME of the strap value at the
pin
1 = enable supporting unknown multicast packet
forward
0 = disable
00000 = filter uknown multiicast packet
00001 = forward uknown multicast packet to port 1.
00010 = forward uknown multicast packet to port 2.
00011 = forward uknown multicast packet to port 1,
port 2
……
11111 = broadcast uknown multicast packet to all
ports
Register 133(0x85): Global Control 17
7–6
Reserved
5
Unknown VID packet forward
4–0
Unknown VID packet forward
port map
1 = enable supporting unknown VID packet forward
0 = disable
00000 = filter uknown VID packet
00001 = forward uknown VID packet to port 1.
00010 = forward uknown VID packet to port 2.
00011 = forward uknown VID packet to port 1, port
2
……
11111 = broadcast uknown VID packet to all ports
Register 134 (0x86): Global Control 18
7
Reserved
N/A
1 = Enable filtering of self-address unicast and
multicast packet
0 = Do not filter self-address packet
6
5
Self Address Filter Enable
Unknown IP multicast packet
forward
January 22, 2013
Note: The self-address filtering will filter packets on
the egress port , self MAC address is assigned in
the register 104-109.
1 = enable supporting unknown IP multicast packet
forward
0 = disable
77
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
4–0
Name
Description
Mode
Unknown IP multicast packet
forward port map
00000 = filter uknown IP multiicast packet
00001 = forward uknown IP multicast packet to port
1.
00010 = forward uknown IP multicast packet to port
2.
00011 = forward uknown IP multicast packet to port
1, port 2
……
11111 = broadcast uknown IP multicast packet to
all ports
Default
R/W
00000
Register 135 (0x87): Global Control 19
7
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
6
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
R/W
01
R/W
0
R/W
0
RO
00
5–4
Ingress Rate Limit Period
3
Queue-based Egress Rate
Limit Enabled
2
Insertion Source Port PVID
Tag Selection Enable
1–0
Reserved
The unit period for calculating Ingress Rate Limit
00 = 16 ms
01 = 64 ms
1x = 256 ms
Enable Queue-based Egress Rate Limit
0 = port-base Egress Rate Limit (default)
1 = queue-based Egress Rate Limit
1 = enable source port PVID tag insertion or noninsertion option on the egress port for each source
port PVID based on the ports registers control 8.
0 = disable, all packets from any ingress port will be
inserted PVID based on port register control 0 bit 2.
N/A Do not change
Register 144 (0x90): TOS Priority Control Register 0
The Ipv4/Ipv6 TOS priority control registers implement a fully decoded 64 bit differentiated services code point (DSCP) register used to
determine priority from the 6 bit TOS field in the IP header. The most significant 6 bits of the TOS field are fully decoded into 64
possibilities, and the singular code that results is mapped to the value in the corresponding bit in the DSCP register.
7–6
DSCP[7:6]
5–4
DSCP[5:4]
3–2
DSCP[3:2]
January 22, 2013
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping
The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority
when bits[7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic
Class value is 0x03
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping
The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority
when bits[7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic
Class value is 0x02
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping
The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority
when bits[7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic
Class value is 0x01
78
R/W
00
R/W
00
R/W
00
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
1–0
Name
Description
Mode
DSCP[1:0]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping
The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority
when bits[7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic
Class value is 0x00
Default
R/W
00
Register 145 (0x91): TOS Priority Control Register 1
7–6
DSCP[15:14]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x07
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[13:12]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x06
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[11:10]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x05
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[9:8]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x04
R/W
00
Register 146 (0x92): TOS Priority Control Register 2
7–6
DSCP[23:22]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x0B
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[21:20]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x0A
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[19:18]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x09
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[17:16]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x08
R/W
00
Register 147 (0x93): TOS Priority Control Register 3
7–6
DSCP[31:30]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x0F
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[29:28]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x0E
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[27:26]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x0D
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[25:24]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x0C
R/W
00
Register 148 (0x94): TOS Priority Control Register 4
7–6
DSCP[39:38]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x13
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[37:36]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x12
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[35:34]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x11
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[33:32]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x10
R/W
00
January 22, 2013
79
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Register 149 (0x95): TOS Priority Control Register 5
7–6
DSCP[47:46]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x17
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[45:44]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x16
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[43:42]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x15
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[41:40]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x14
R/W
00
Register 150 (0x96): TOS Priority Control Register 6
7–6
DSCP[55:54]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x1B
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[53:52]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x1A
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[51:50]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x19
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[49:48]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x18
R/W
00
Register 151 (0x97): TOS Priority Control Register 7
7–6
DSCP[63:62]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x1F
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[61:60]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x1E
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[59:58]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x1D
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[57:56]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x1C
R/W
00
Register 152 (0x98): TOS Priority Control Register 8
7–6
DSCP[71:70]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x23
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[69:68]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x22
R/W
00
DSCP[67:66]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x21
R/W
00
R/W
00
3–2
1–0
DSCP[65:64]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x20
Register 153 (0x99): TOS Priority Control Register 9
7–6
DSCP[79:78]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x27
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[77:76]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x26
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[75:74]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x25
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[73:72]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x24
R/W
00
Register 154 (0x9A): TOS Priority Control Register 10
7–6
DSCP[87:86]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x2B
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[85:84]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x2A
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[83:82]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x29
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[81:80]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x28
R/W
00
Register 155 (0x9B): TOS Priority Control Register 11
7–6
DSCP[95:94]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x2F
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[93:92]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x2E
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[91:90]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x2D
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[89:88]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x2C
R/W
00
January 22, 2013
80
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 156 (0x9C): TOS Priority Control Register 12
7–6
DSCP[103:102]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x33
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[101:100]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x32
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[99:98]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x31
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[97:96]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x30
R/W
00
Register 157 (0x9D): TOS Priority Control Register 13
7–6
DSCP[111:110]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x37
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[109:108]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x36
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[107:106]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x35
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[105:104]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x34
R/W
00
Register 158 (0x9E): TOS Priority Control Register 14
7–6
DSCP[119:118]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x3B
R/W
00
5–4
DSCP[117:116]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x3A
R/W
00
3–2
DSCP[115:114]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x39
R/W
00
1–0
DSCP[113:112]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x38
R/W
00
Register 159 (0x9F): TOS Priority Control Register 15
7−6
DSCP[127:126]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x3F
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[125:124]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x3E
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[123:122]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x3D
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[121:120]
Ipv4 and Ipv6 mapping _ for value 0x3C
R/W
00
Register 165 (0xA5): Fiber Control Register
Reserved
N/A Do not change
RO
000
5
FMQ Fiber Mode Enable
1= MQ/RQ device (Default)
0= FMQ device (Fiber mode)
R/W
1
4−0
Reserved
N/A Do not change
RO
10000
7−6
January 22, 2013
81
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0000
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
Register 176 (0xB0): Port 1 Control 8
Register 192 (0xC0): Port 2 Control 8
Register 208 (0xD0): Port 3 Control 8
Register 224 (0xE0): Port 4 Control 8
Register 240 (0xF0): Port 5 Control 8
7−4
Reserved
Insert Source Port PVID for
Untagged Packet Destination
to Highest Egress Port
3
Note: Enabled by the register
135 bit 2
Insert Source Port PVID for
Untagged Packet Destination
to Second Highest Egress Port
2
Note: Enabled by the register
135 bit 2
Insert Source Port PVID for
Untagged Packet Destination
to Second Lowest Egress Port
1
Note: Enabled by the register
135 bit 2
Insert Source Port PVID for
Untagged Packet Destination
to Lowest Egress Port
0
Note: Enabled by the register
135 bit 2
January 22, 2013
Register 176: insert source Port 1 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 5
Register 192: insert source Port 2 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 5
Register 208: insert source Port 3 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 5
Register 224: insert source Port 4 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 5
Register 240: insert source Port 5 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 4
Register 176: insert source Port 1 PVID for
untagged frame at egress pPort 4
Register 192: insert source Port 2 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 4
Register 208: insert source Port 3 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 4
Register 224: insert source Port 4 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 3
Register 240: insert source Port 5 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 3
Register 176: insert source Port 1 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 3
Register 192: insert source Port 2 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 3
Register 208: insert source Port 3 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 2
Register 224: insert source Port 4 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 2
Register 240: insert source Port 5 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 2
Register 176: insert source Port 1 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 2
Register 192: insert source Port 2 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 1
Register 208: insert source Port 3 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 1
Register 224: insert source Port 4 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 1
Register 240: insert source Port 5 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 1
82
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0000000
R/W
0
R/W
0
Register 177 (0xB1): Port 1 Control 9
Register 193 (0xC1): Port 2 Control 9
Register 209 (0xD1): Port 3 Control 9
Register 225 (0xE1): Port 4 Control 9
Register 241 (0xF1): Port 5 Control 9
7−2
Reserved
1
4 Queue Split Enable
0
Enable Dropping Tag
January 22, 2013
This bit in combination with Register16/32/48/64/80
bit 0 will select the split of ½/4 queues:
{Register177 bit 1, Register16 bit 0} =
11, reserved.
10, the port output queue is split into four priority
queues or if map 802.1p to priority 0-3 mode.
01, the port output queue is split into two priority
queues or if map 802.1p to priority 0-3 mode.
00, single output queue on the port. There is no
priority differentiation even though packets are
classified into high and low priority.
0 = Normal
1 = enable the drop received tagged packets
83
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
R/W
1
R/W
0001000
R/W
1
R/W
0000100
R/W
1
R/W
0000010
Register 178 (0xB2): Port 1 Control 10
Register 194 (0xC2): Port 2 Control 10
Register 210 (0xD2): Port 3 Control 10
Register 226 (0xE2): Port 4 Control 10
Register 242 (0xF2): Port 5 Control 10
7
Enable Port Transmit Queue 3
Ratio
6−0
Port Transmit Queue 3
Ratio[6:0]
0, strict priority, will transmit all the packets from
this priority queue 3 before transmit lower priority
queue.
1, bit[6:0] reflect the packet number allow to
transmit from this priority queue 3 within a certain
time.
Packet number for Transmit Queue 3 for highest
priority packets in four queues mode.
Register 179 (0xB3): Port 1 Control 11
Register 195 (0xC3): Port 2 Control 11
Register 211 (0xD3): Port 3 Control 11
Register 227 (0xE3): Port 4 Control 11
Register 243 (0xF3): Port 5 Control 11
7
Enable Port Transmit Queue 2
Ratio
6−0
Port Transmit Queue 2
Ratio[6:0]
0, strict priority, will transmit all the packets from
this priority queue 2 before transmit lower priority
queue.
1, bit[6:0] reflect the packet number allow to
transmit from this priority queue 1 within a certain
time.
Packet number for Transmit Queue 2 for high/low
priority packets in high/low priority packets in four
queues mode.
Register 180 (0xB4): Port 1 Control 12
Register 196 (0xC4): Port 2 Control 12
Register 212 (0xD4): Port 3 Control 12
Register 228 (0xE4): Port 4 Control 12
Register 244 (0xF4): Port 5 Control 12
7
Enable Port Transmit Queue 1
Rate
6−0
Port Transmit Queue 1
Ratio[6:0]
January 22, 2013
0, strict priority, will transmit all the packets from
this priority queue 1 before transmit lower priority
queue.
1, bit[6:0] reflect the packet number allow to
transmit from this priority queue 1 within a certain
time.
Packet number for Transmit Queue 1 for low/high
priority packets in four queues mode and high
priority packets in two queues mode.
84
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
R/W
1
R/W
0000001
RO
000
R/W
0
R/W
00
R/W
0
R/W
0
Register 181 (0xB5): Port 1 Control 13
Register 197 (0xC5): Port 2 Control 13
Register 213 (0xD5): Port 3 Control 13
Register 229 (0xE5): Port 4 Control 13
Register 245 (0xF5): Port 5 Control 13
7
Enable Port Transmit Queue 0
Rate
6−0
Port Transmit Queue 0
Ratio[6:0]
0, strict priority, will transmit all the packets from
this priority queue 0 before transmit lower priority
queue.
1, bit[6:0] reflect the packet number allow to
transmit from this priority queue 0 within a certain
time.
packet number for Transmit Queue 0 for lowest
priority packets in four queues mode and low
priority packets in two queues mode.
Register 182 (0xB6): Port 1 Rate Limit Control
Register 198 (0xC6): Port 2 Rate Limit Control
Register 214 (0xD6): Port 3 Rate Limit Control
Register 230 (0xE6): Port 4 Rate Limit Control
Register 246 (0xF6): Port 5 Rate Limit Control
7−5
Reserved
4
Ingress Rate Limit Flow
Control Enable
3−2
Limit Mode
1
Count IFG
0
Count Pre
January 22, 2013
1 = Flow Control is asserted if the port’s receive
rate is exceeded.
0 = Flow Control is not asserted if the port’s receive
rate is exceeded.
Ingress Limit Mode
These bits determine what kinds of frames are
limited and counted against ingress rate limiting.
= 00, limit and count all frames.
= 01, limit and count Broadcast, Multicast, and
flooded unicast frames.
= 10, limit and count Broadcast and Multicast
frames only.
= 11, limit and count Broadcast frames only.
Count IFG bytes
= 1, each frame’s minimum inter frame gap.
(IFG) bytes (12 per frame) are included in Ingress
and Egress rate limiting calculations.
= 0, IFG bytes are not counted.
Count Preamble bytes
= 1, each frame’s preamble bytes (8 per
frame) are included in Ingress and Egress rate
limiting calculations.
= 0, preamble bytes are not counted.
85
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0
R/W
0000000
RO
0
R/W
0000000
RO
0
R/W
0000000
RO
0
R/W
0000000
Register 183 (0xB7): Port 1 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1
Register 199 (0xC7): Port 2 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1
Register 215 (0xD7): Port 3 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1
Register 231 (0xE7): Port 4 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1
Register 247 (0xF7): Port 5 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1
7
6−0
Reserved
Port Based Priority 0 Ingress
Limit
Ingress data rate limit for priority 0 frames
Ingress traffic from this port is shaped according to
the Data Rate Selected Table. See the table
following the end of Egress limit control registers.
Register 184 (0xB8): Port 1 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2
Register 200 (0xC8): Port 2 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2
Register 216 (0xD8): Port 3 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2
Register 232 (0xE8): Port 4 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2
Register 248 (0xF8): Port 5 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2
7
Reserved
6−0
Port Based Priority 1 Ingress
Limit
Ingress data rate limit for priority 1 frames
Ingress traffic from this port is shaped according to
the Data Rate Selected Table. See the table
following the end of Egress limit control registers.
Register 185 (0xB9): Port 1 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3
Register 201 (0xC9): Port 2 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3
Register 217 (0xD9): Port 3 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3
Register 233 (0xE9): Port 4 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3
Register 249 (0xF9): Port 5 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3
7
6−0
Reserved
Port-Based Priority 2 Ingress
Limit
Ingress data rate limit for priority 2 frames
Ingress traffic from this port is shaped according to
the Data Rate Selected Table. See the table follow
the end of Egress limit control registers.
Register 186 (0xBA): Port 1 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4
Register 202 (0xCA): Port 2 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4
Register 218 (0xDA): Port 3 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4
Register 234 (0xEA): Port 4 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4
Register 250 (0xFA): Port 5 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4
7
Reserved
6−0
Port-Based Priority 3 Ingress
Limit
January 22, 2013
Ingress data rate limit for priority 3 frames
Ingress traffic from this port is shaped according to
the Data Rate Selected Table. See the table follow
the end of Egress limit control registers.
86
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0
R/W
0000000
RO
0
R/W
0000000
RO
0
R/W
0000000
Register 187 (0xBB): Port 1 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1
Register 203 (0xCB): Port 2 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1
Register 219 (0xDB): Port 3 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1
Register 235 (0xEB): Port 4 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1
Register 251 (0xFB): Port 5 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1
7
6−0
Reserved
Port Queue 0 Egress Limit
Egress data rate limit for priority 0 frames
Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped
according to the Data Rate Selected Table. See the
table follow the end of Egress limit control registers.
In four queues mode, it is lowest priority.
In two queues mode, it is low priority.
Register 188 (0xBC) : Port 1 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2
Register 204 (0xCC) : Port 2 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2
Register 220 (0xDC) : Port 3 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2
Register 236 (0xEC) : Port 4 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2
Register 252 (0xFC) : Port 5 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2
7
6−0
Reserved
Port Queue 1 Egress Limit
Egress data rate limit for priority 1 frames
Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped
according to the Data Rate Selected Table. See the
table follow the end of Egress limit control registers.
In four queues mode, it is low/high priority.
In two queues mode, it is high priority.
Register 189 (0xBD): Port 1 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3
Register 205 (0xCD): Port 2 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3
Register 221 (0xDD): Port 3 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3
Register 237 (0xED): Port 4 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3
Register 253 (0xFD): Port 5 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3
7
6−0
Reserved
Port Queue 2 Egress Limit
January 22, 2013
Egress data rate limit for priority 2 frames
Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped
according to the Data Rate Selected Table. See the
table follow the end of Egress limit control registers.
In four queues mode, it is high/low priority.
87
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0
R/W
0000000
Register 190 (0xBE) : Port 1 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4
Register 206 (0xCE) : Port 2 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4
Register 222 (0xDE) : Port 3 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4
Register 238 (0xEE): Port 4 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4
Register 254 (0xFE): Port 5 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4
7
6−0
Reserved
Port Queue 3 Egress Limit
Egress data rate limit for priority 3 frames
Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped
according to the Data Rate Selected Table. See the
table follow the end of Egress limit control registers.
In four queues mode, it is highest priority.
Notes:
1. In the port priority 0−3 ingress rate limit mode, will need to set all related ingress/egress ports to two queues or four queues mode.
2. In the port queue 0−3 egress rate limit mode, the highest priority get exact rate limit based on the rate select table, other priorities packets
rate are based upon the ratio of the port register control 10/11/12/13 when use more than one egress queue per port.
January 22, 2013
88
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Data Rate Selection Table in 100BT
Rate for 100BT mode
1 Mbps <= rate <= 99 Mbps
rate = 100 Mbps
Less than 1Mbps see as below
64 Kbps
128 Kbps
192 Kbps
256 Kbps
320 Kbps
384 Kbps
448 Kbps
512 Kbps
576 Kbps
640 Kbps
704 Kbps
768 Kbps
832 Kbps
896 Kbps
960 Kbps
Priority/Queue 0-3 Ingress/egress limit Control Register bit[6:0] = decimal
rate(decimal integer 1-99)
0 or 100 (decimal), ‘0’ is default value
Decimal
7’d101
7’d102
7’d103
7’d104
7’d105
7’d106
7’d107
7’d108
7’d109
7’d110
7’d111
7’d112
7’d113
7’d114
7’d115
Table 13. 100BT Rate Selection for the Rate limit
Data Rate Selection Table in 10BT
Rate for 10BT mode
1 Mbps <= rate <= 9 Mbps
rate = 10 Mbps
Less than 1Mbps see as below
64 Kbps
128 Kbps
192 Kbps
256 Kbps
320 Kbps
384 Kbps
448 Kbps
512 Kbps
576 Kbps
640 Kbps
704 Kbps
768 Kbps
832 Kbps
896 Kbps
960 Kbps
Priority/Queue 0-3 Ingress/egress limit Control Register bit[6:0] = decimal
rate(decimal integer 1-9)
0 or 10 (decimal), ‘0’ is default value
Decimal
7’d101
7’d102
7’d103
7’d104
7’d105
7’d106
7’d107
7’d108
7’d109
7’d110
7’d111
7’d112
7’d113
7’d114
7’d115
Table 14. 10BT Rate Selection for the Rate Limit
January 22, 2013
89
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
Address
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0x80
RO
0x15
R/W
0x0C
N/A Do not change.
RO
0x32
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
Invert phase of SMTXC clock
input for SW5-RMII
(Used for KSZ8895RQ only)
1 = Invert the phase of SMTXC clock input in RMII
mode, set this bit at normal mode device when
connect two devices with SW5-RMII back to back
connection case only. Please see strap pin LED2_2
for normal mode.
0 = normal phase if SMTXC clock input
R/W
0
RO
000000
Register 191(0xBF): Testing Register
7−0
Reserved
N/A
Register 207(0xCF): Reserved Control Register
7−0
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
Register 223(0xDF): Test Register 2
7−0
Reserved
Register 239(0xEF): Test Register 3
7−0
Reserved
Register 255(0xFF): Testing Register4
7
6
Note: MQ/FMQ are reserved with read only for this
bit.
5−0
Reserved
January 22, 2013
N/A Do not change.
90
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Static MAC Address Table
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ has a static and a dynamic address table. When a DA look-up is requested, both tables will
be searched to make a packet forwarding decision. When an SA look-up is requested, only the dynamic table is
searched for aging, migration, and learning purposes. The static DA look-up result will have precedence over the
dynamic DA look-up result. If there are DA matches in both tables, the result from the static table will be used. The
static table can only be accessed and controlled by an external SPI master (usually a processor). The entries in the
static table will not be aged out by KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ. An external device does all addition, modification and
deletion.
Note:
Register bit assignments are different for static MAC table reads and static MAC table write, as shown in Table 15.
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0000000
RO
0
RO
N/A
RO
0
RO
0
RO
00000
RO
0x0
W
0000000
W
0
W
0
W
0
W
00000
W
0x0
Format of Static MAC Table for Reads (32 entries)
63−57
FID
56
Use FID
55
Reserved
54
Override
53
Valid
52−48
Forwarding Ports
47−0
MAC Address (DA)
Filter VLAN ID, representing one of the 128 active
VLANs.
1, use (FID+MAC) to look-up in static table.
0, use MAC only to look-up in static table.
Reserved.
1, override spanning tree “transmit enable = 0” or
“receive enable = 0* setting. This bit is used for
spanning tree implementation.
0, no override.
1, this entry is valid, the look-up result will be used.
0, this entry is not valid.
The 5 bits control the forward ports, example:
00001, forward to Port 1
00010, forward to Port 2
…..
10000, forward to Port 5
00110, forward to Port 2 and Port 3
11111, broadcasting (excluding the ingress port)
48 bit MAC address.
Format of Static MAC Table for Writes (32 entries)
62−56
FID
55
Use FID
54
Override
53
Valid
52−48
Forwarding Ports
47−0
MAC Address (DA)
Filter VLAN ID, representing one of the 128 active
VLANs.
1, use (FID+MAC) to look-up in static table.
0, use MAC only to look-up in static table.
1, override spanning tree “transmit enable = 0” or
“receive enable = 0” setting. This bit is used for
spanning tree implementation.
0, no override.
1, this entry is valid, the look-up result will be used.
0, this entry is not valid.
The 5 bits control the forward ports, example:
00001, forward toPort 1
00010, forward to Port 2
.....
10000, forward to Port 5
00110, forward to Port 2 and Port 3
11111, broadcasting (excluding the ingress port)
48-bit MAC address.
Table 15. Static MAC Address Table
January 22, 2013
91
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Examples:
nd
(1) Static Address Table Read (read the 2 entry)
Write to Register 110 with 0x10 (read static table selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0x1 (trigger the read operation)
Then
Read Register 113 (63-56)
Read Register 114 (55-48)
Read Register 115 (47-40)
Read Register 116 (39-32)
Read Register 117 (31-24)
Read Register 118 (23-16)
Read Register 119 (15-8)
Read Register 120 (7-0)
th
(2) Static Address Table Write (write the 8 entry)
Write to Register 110 with 0x10 (read static table selected)
Write Register 113 (62-56)
Write Register 114 (55-48)
Write Register 115 (47-40)
Write Register 116 (39-32)
Write Register 117 (31-24)
Write Register 118 (23-16)
Write Register 119 (15-8)
Write Register 120 (7-0)
Write to Register 110 with 0x00 (write static table selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0x7 (trigger the write operation)
January 22, 2013
92
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
VLAN Table
The VLAN table is used for VLAN table look-up. If 802.1q VLAN mode is enabled (Register 5 bit 7 = 1), this table is
used to retrieve VLAN information that is associated with the ingress packet. There are three fields for FID (filter ID),
Valid, and VLAN membership in the VLAN table. The three fields must be initialized before the table is used. There is
no VID field because 4096 VIDs are used as a dedicated memory address index into a 1024x52-bit memory space.
Each entry has four VLANs. Each VLAN has 13 bits. Four VLANs need 52 bits. There are a total of 1024 entries to
support a total of 4096 VLAN IDs by using dedicated memory address and data bits. Refer to Table 17 for details.
FID has 7-bits to support 128 active VLANs.
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Initial Value
suggestion
Format of Static VLAN Table (Support Max 4096 VLAN ID entries and 128 Active VLANs)
12
11−7
6−0
Valid
1, the entry is valid.
0, entry is invalid.
R/W
0
Membership
Specifies which ports are members of the VLAN.
If a DA look-up fails (no match in both static and
dynamic tables), the packet associated with this VLAN
will be forwarded to ports specified in this field.
E.g., 11001 means Ports 5, 4, and 1 are in this VLAN.
R/W
11111
FID
Filter ID. KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ supports 128 active
VLANs represented by these seven bit fields. FID is the
mapped ID. If 802.1q VLAN is enabled, the look-up will
be based on FID+DA and FID+SA.
R/W
0
Table 16. VLAN Table
If 802.1q VLAN mode is enabled, KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ assigns a VID to every ingress packet when the packet is
untagged or tagged with a null VID, the packet is assigned with the default port VID of the ingress port. If the packet
is tagged with non-null VID, the VID in the tag is used. The look-up process starts from the VLAN table look-up based
on VID number with its dedicated memory address and data bits. If the entry is not valid in the VLAN table, the
packet is dropped and no address learning occurs. If the entry is valid, the FID is retrieved. The FID+DA and FID+SA
lookups in MAC tables are performed. The FID+DA look-up determines the forwarding ports. If FID+DA fails for lookup in the MAC table, the packet is broadcast to all the members or specified members (excluding the ingress port)
based on the VLAN table. If FID+SA fails, the FID+SA is learned. To communicate between different active VLANs,
set the same FID; otherwise set a different FID.
The VLAN table configuration is organized as 1024 VLAN sets, each VLAN set consists of four VLAN entries, to
support up to 4096 VLAN entries. Each VLAN set has 52 bits and should be read or written at the same time
specified by the indirect address.
The VLAN entries in the VLAN set are mapped to indirect data registers as follow:
• Entry0[12:0] maps to the VLAN set bits[12-0] {register119[4:0], register120[7:0]}
• Entry1[12:0] maps to the VLAN set bits[25-13]{register117[1:0], register118[7:0], register119[7:5]}
• Entry2[12:0] maps to the VLAN set bits[38-26]{register116[6:0], register117[7:2]}
• Entry3[12:0] maps to the VLAN set bits[51-39]{register114[3:0], register115[7:0], register116[7]}
In order to read one VLAN entry, the VLAN set is read first and the specific VLAN entry information can be extracted.
To update any VLAN entry, the VLAN set is read first then only the desired VLAN entry is updated and the whole
VLAN set is written back. The FID in the VLAN table is 7-bit, so the VLAN table supports unique 128 flow VLAN
groups. Each VLAN set address is 10 bits long (Maximum is 1024) in the indirect address register 110 and 111, the
bit[9-8] of VLAN set address is at bit[1-0] of register 110, and the bit[7-0] of VLAN set address is at bit[7-0] of register
111. Each Write and Read can access up to four consecutive VLAN entries.
January 22, 2013
93
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Examples:
(1) VLAN Table Read (read the VID = 2 entry)
Write the indirect control and address registers first
Write to Register 110 (0x6E) with 0x14 (read VLAN table selected)
Write to Register 111 (0x6F) with 0x0 (trigger the read operation for VID = 0, 1, 2, 3 entries)
Then read the indirect data registers bits[38-26] for VID = 2 entry
Read Register 116 (0x74), (register116[6:0] are bits 12-6 of VLAN VID = 2 entry)
Read Register 117 (0x75), (register117[7:2] are bits 5-0 of VLAN VID = 2 entry)
(2) VLAN Table Write (write the VID = 10 entry)
Read the VLAN set that contains VID = 8, 9, 10, 11.
Write to Register 110 (0x6E) with 0x14 (read VLAN table selected)
Write to Register 111 (0x6F) with 0x02 (trigger the read operation and VID = 8, 9, 10, 11 indirect address)
Read the VLAN set first by the indirect data registers 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120.
Modify the indirect data registers bits[38-26] by the register 116 bit[6-0] and register 117 bit[7-2] as follows:
Write to Register 116 (0x74), (register116[6:0] are bits 12-6 of VLAN VID = 10 entry)
Write to Register 117 (0x75), (register117[7:2] are bits 5-0 of VLAN VID = 10 entry)
Then write the indirect control and address registers
Write to Register 110 (0x6E) with 0x04 (write VLAN table selected)
Write to Register 111 (0x6F) with 0x02 (trigger the write operation and VID = 8, 9, 10, 11 indirect
address)
Table 17 shows the relationship of the indirect address/data registers and VLAN ID.
Indirect Address
high/low bit[9-0]
for VLAN sets
Indirect Data Registers
Bits for each VLAN
entry
VID
Numbers
VID bit[12-2] in VLAN
Tag
VID bit[1-0] in VLAN Tag
0
Bits[12-0]
0
0
0
0
Bits[25-13]
1
0
1
0
Bits[38-26]
2
0
2
0
Bits[51-39]
3
0
3
1
Bits[12-0]
4
1
0
1
Bits[25-13]
5
1
1
1
Bits[38-26]
6
1
2
1
Bits[51-39]
7
1
3
2
Bits[12-0]
8
2
0
2
Bits[25-13]
9
2
1
2
Bits[38-26]
10
2
2
2
Bits[51-39]
11
2
3
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1023
Bits[12-0]
4092
1023
0
1023
Bits[25-13]
4093
1023
1
1023
Bits[38-26]
4094
1023
2
1023
Bits[51-39]
4095
1023
3
Table 17. VLAN ID and Indirect Registers
January 22, 2013
94
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Dynamic MAC Address Table
This table is read only. The contents are maintained by the KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ only.
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
1
RO
0
Format of Dynamic MAC Address Table (1K entries)
71
MAC Empty
70−61
No of Valid Entries
60-59
Time Stamp
1, there is no valid entry in the table.
0, there are valid entries in the table.
Indicates how many valid entries in the table.
0x3ff means 1K entries
0x1 and bit 71 = 0: means 2 entries
0x0 and bit 71 = 0: means 1 entry
0x0 and bit 71 = 1: means 0 entry
2-bit counters for internal aging
The source port where FID+MAC is learned.
000 Port 1
001 Port 2
010 Port 3
011 Port 4
100 Port 5
1, The entry is not ready, retry until this bit is set to 0.
0, The entry is ready.
RO
58-56
Source Port
RO
0x0
55
Data Ready
54−48
FID
Filter ID.
RO
0x0
47−0
MAC Address
48-bit MAC address.
RO
0x0
RO
Table 18. Dynamic MAC Address Table
Examples:
st
(1) Dynamic MAC Address Table Read (read the 1 entry), and retrieve the MAC table size
Write to Register 110 with 0x18 (read dynamic table selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0x0 (trigger the read operation) and then
Read Register 112 (71-64)
Read Register 113 (63-56); // the above two registers show # of entries
Read Register 114 (55-48) // if bit 55 is 1, restart (reread) from this register
Read Register 115 (47-40)
Read Register 116 (39-32)
Read Register 117 (31-24)
Read Register 118 (23-16)
Read Register 119 (15-8)
Read Register 120 (7-0)
th
(2) Dynamic MAC Address Table Read (read the 257 entry), without retrieving # of entries information
Write to Register 110 with 0x19 (read dynamic table selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0x1 (trigger the read operation) and then
Read Register 112 (71-64)
Read Register 113 (63-56)
Read Register 114 (55-48) // if bit 55 is 1, restart (reread) from this register
Read Register 115 (47-40)
Read Register 116 (39-32)
Read Register 117 (31-24)
Read Register 118 (23-16)
Read Register 119 (15-8)
Read Register 120 (7-0)
January 22, 2013
95
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MIB (Management Information Base) Counters
The MIB counters are provided on per port basis. These counters are read using indirect memory access as below:
For Port 1
Offset
Counter Name
Description
0x0
RxLoPriorityByte
Rx lo-priority (default) octet count including bad packets.
0x1
RxHiPriorityByte
Rx hi-priority octet count including bad packets.
0x2
RxUndersizePkt
Rx undersize packets w/good CRC.
0x3
RxFragments
Rx fragment packets w/bad CRC, symbol errors or alignment errors.
0x4
RxOversize
Rx oversize packets w/good CRC (max: 1536 or 1522 bytes).
0x5
RxJabbers
Rx packets longer than 1522B w/either CRC errors, alignment errors, or symbol errors (depends
on max packet size setting) or Rx packets longer than 1916B only.
0x6
RxSymbolError
Rx packets w/ invalid data symbol and legal preamble, packet size.
0x7
RxCRCerror
0x8
RxAlignmentError
0x9
RxControl8808Pkts
The number of MAC control frames received by a port with 88-08h in EtherType field.
0xA
RxPausePkts
The number of PAUSE frames received by a port. PAUSE frame is qualified with EtherType (8808h), DA, control opcode (00-01), data length (64B min), and a valid CRC.
0xB
RxBroadcast
Rx good broadcast packets (not including errored broadcast packets or valid multicast packets).
0xC
RxMulticast
Rx good multicast packets (not including MAC control frames, errored multicast packets or valid
broadcast packets).
0xD
RxUnicast
Rx good unicast packets.
0xE
Rx64Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that were 64 octets in length.
0xF
Rx65to127Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 65 and 127 octets in length.
0x10
Rx128to255Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 128 and 255 octets in length.
0x11
Rx256to511Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 256 and 511 octets in length.
0x12
Rx512to1023Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 512 and 1023 octets in length.
0x13
Rx1024to1522Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 1024 and 1522 octets in length (upper
limit depends on max packet size setting).
0x14
TxLoPriorityByte
Tx lo-priority good octet count, including PAUSE packets.
0x15
TxHiPriorityByte
Tx hi-priority good octet count, including PAUSE packets.
0x16
TxLateCollision
The number of times a collision is detected later than 512 bit-times into the Tx of a packet.
0x17
TxPausePkts
The number of PAUSE frames transmitted by a port.
0x18
TxBroadcastPkts
Tx good broadcast packets (not including errored broadcast or valid multicast packets).
0x19
TxMulticastPkts
Tx good multicast packets (not including errored multicast packets or valid broadcast packets).
0x1A
TxUnicastPkts
Tx good unicast packets.
0x1B
TxDeferred
Tx packets by a port for which the 1st Tx attempt is delayed due to the busy medium.
0x1C
TxTotalCollision
Tx total collision, half-duplex only.
0x1D
TxExcessiveCollision
A count of frames for which Tx fails due to excessive collisions.
0x1E
TxSingleCollision
Successfully Tx frames on a port for which Tx is inhibited by exactly one collision.
0x1F
TxMultipleCollision
Successfully Tx frames on a port for which Tx is inhibited by more than one collision.
Rx packets within (64,1522) bytes w/an integral number of bytes and a bad CRC (upper limit
depends on max packet size setting).
Rx packets within (64,1522) bytes w/a non-integral number of bytes and a bad CRC (upper limit
depends on max packet size setting).
Table 19. Port1 MIB Counter Indirect Memory Offerts
January 22, 2013
96
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
For port 2, the base is 0x20, same offset definition (0x20-0x3f)
For port 3, the base is 0x40, same offset definition (0x40-0x5f)
For port 4, the base is 0x60, same offset definition (0x60-0x7f)
For port 5, the base is 0x80, same offset definition (0x80-0x9f)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
Mode
Default
Format of Per Port MIB Counters (16 entries)
31
Overflow
30
Count Valid
29−0
Counter Values
1, Counter overflow.
0, No Counter overflow.
1, Counter value is valid.
0, Counter value is not valid.
Counter value.
Table 20. Format of “Per Port” MIB Counter
Offset
Counter Name
Description
0x100
Port1 Tx Drop Packets
Tx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x101
Port2 Tx Drop Packets
Tx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x102
Port3 Tx Drop Packets
Tx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x103
Port4 Tx Drop Packets
Tx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x104
Port5 Tx Drop Packets
Tx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x105
Port1 Rx Drop Packets
Rx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x106
Port2 Rx Drop Packets
Rx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x107
Port3 Rx Drop Packets
Rx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x108
Port4 Rx Drop Packets
Rx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x109
Port5 Rx Drop Packets
Rx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
Table 21. All Port Dropped Packet MIB Counters
Address
Name
Description
Format of All Port Dropped Packet MIB Counters
30−16
Reserved
Reserved.
N/A
N/A
15−0
Counter Values
Counter value.
RO
0
Table 22. Format of “All Dropped Packet” MIB Counter
Note:
All port dropped packet MIB counters do not indicate overflow or validity; therefore the application must keep track of overflow and valid
conditions.
January 22, 2013
97
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
The KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ provides a total of 34 MIB counters per port. These counters are used to monitor the port
detail activity for network management and maintenance. These MIB counters are read using indirect memory
access, per the following examples.
Programming Examples:
(1) MIB counter read (read port 1 Rx64Octets counter)
Write to Register 110 with 0x1c (read MIB counters selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0xe (trigger the read operation)
Then
Read Register 117 (counter value 31-24)
// If bit 31 = 1, there was a counter overflow
// If bit 30 = 0, restart (reread) from this register
Read Register 118 (counter value 23-16)
Read Register 119 (counter value 15-8)
Read Register 120 (counter value 7-0)
(2) MIB counter read (read port 2 Rx64Octets counter)
Write to Register 110 with 0x1c (read MIB counter selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0x2e (trigger the read operation)
Then
Read Register 117 (counter value 31-24)
//If bit 31 = 1, there was a counter overflow
//If bit 30 = 0, restart (reread) from this register
Read Register 118 (counter value 23-16)
Read Register 119 (counter value 15-8)
Read Register 120 (counter value 7-0)
(3) MIB counter read (read port 1 tx drop packets)
Write to Register 110 with 0x1d
Write to Register 111 with 0x00
Then
Read Register 119 (counter value 15-8)
Read Register 120 (counter value 7-0)
Note:
To read out all the counters, the best performance over the SPI bus is (160+3) × 8 × 80 = 104us, where there are 160 registers, 3 overhead, 8
clocks per access, at 12.5MHz. In the heaviest condition, the byte counter will overflow in 2 minutes. It is recommended that the software read all
the counters at least every 30 seconds. The per port MIB counters are designed as “read clear.” A per port MIB counter will be cleared after it is
accessed. All port dropped packet MIB counters are not cleared after they are accessed. The application needs to keep track of overflow and valid
conditions on these counters.
January 22, 2013
98
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MIIM Registers
All the registers defined in this section can be also accessed via the SPI interface. Note: different mapping
mechanisms are used for MIIM and SPI. The “PHYAD” defined in IEEE is assigned as “0x1” for Port 1, “0x2” for Port
2, “0x3” for Port 3, “0x4” for Port 4, and “0x5” for Port 5. The “REGAD” supported are 0x0-0x5 (0h-5h), 0x1D (1dh)
and 0x1F (1fh).
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
1, PHY soft reset.
0, Normal operation.
1 = Perform MAC loopback, loop back path as follows:
Assume the loop-back is at Port 1 MAC, Port 2 is the
monitor port.
Port 1 MAC Loopback (Port 1 reg. 0, bit 14 = ‘1’)
Start: RXP2/RXM2 (Port 2). Can also start from
port 3, 4, 5
Loopback: MAC/PHY interface of Port 1’s MAC
End: TXP2/TXM2 (Port 2). Can also end at
Ports 3, 4, 5 respectively
Setting address ox3,4,5 reg. 0, bit 14 = ‘1’ will
perform MAC loopback on Ports 3, 4, 5 respectively.
0 = Normal Operation.
1, 100Mbps.
0, 10Mbps.
1, Auto-negotiation enabled.
0, Auto-negotiation disabled.
1, Power down.
0, Normal operation.
1, Electrical PHY isolation of PHY from Tx+/Tx-.
0, Normal operation.
1, Restart Auto-negotiation.
0, Normal operation.
1, Full duplex.
0, Half duplex.
R/W
(SC)
0
R/W
0
R/W
1
R/W
1
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
Not supported.
RO
0
RO
0
R/W
1
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
Register 0h: MII Control
15
Soft Reset
14
Loop Back
13
Force 100
12
AN Enable
11
Power Down
10
PHY Isolate
9
Restart AN
8
Force Full Duplex
7
Collision Test
6
Reserved
5
Hp_mdix
4
Force MDI
3
Disable Auto MDI/MDI-X
2
Disable far End fault
1
Disable Transmit
0
Disable LED
January 22, 2013
1 = HP Auto MDI/MDI-X mode
0 = Micrel Auto MDI/MDI-X mode
1, Force MDI.
0, Normal operation.
1, Disable auto MDI/MDI-X.
0, Normal operation.
1, Disable far end fault detection.
0, Normal operation.
1, Disable transmit.
0, Normal operation.
1, Disable LED.
0, Normal operation.
99
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MIIM Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0
RO
1
RO
1
RO
1
RO
1
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
1
RO
0
Register 1h: MII Status
15
T4 Capable
14
100 Full Capable
13
100 Half Capable
12
10 Full Capable
11
10 Half Capable
10−7
Reserved
6
Preamble Suppressed
0, Not 100 BASET4 capable.
1, 100BASE-TX full-duplex capable.
0, Not capable of 100BASE-TX full-duplex.
1, 100BASE-TX half-duplex capable.
0, Not 100BASE-TX half-duplex capable.
1, 10BASE-T full-duplex capable.
0, Not 10BASE-T full-duplex capable.
1, 10BASE-T half-duplex capable.
0, 10BASE-T half-duplex capable.
Not supported.
1, Auto-negotiation complete.
0, Auto-negotiation not completed.
1, far end fault detected.
0, No far end fault detected.
1, Auto-negotiation capable.
0, Not auto-negotiation capable.
1, Link is up.
0, Link is down.
5
AN Complete
4
far End fault
3
AN Capable
2
Link Status
1
Jabber Test
Not supported.
RO
0
0
Extended Capable
0, Not extended register capable.
RO
0
High order PHYID bits.
RO
0x0022
Low order PHYID bits.
RO
0x1450
Not supported.
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
R/W
1
R/W
0
R/W
1
R/W
1
R/W
1
R/W
1
RO
00001
Register 2h: PHYID HIGH
15−0
Phyid High
Register 3h: PHYID LOW
15−0
Phyid Low
Register 4h: Advertisement Ability
15
Next Page
14
Reserved
13
Remote fault
12−11
Reserved
10
Pause
9
Reserved
8
Adv 100 Full
7
Adv 100 Half
6
Adv 10 Full
5
Adv 10 Half
4−0
Selector Field
January 22, 2013
Not supported.
1, Advertise pause ability.
0, Do not advertise pause ability.
1, Advertise 100 full-duplex ability.
0, Do not advertise 100 full-duplex ability.
1, Advertise 100 half-duplex ability.
0, Do not advertise 100 half-duplex ability.
1, Advertise 10 full-duplex ability.
0, Do not advertise 10 full-duplex ability.
1, Advertise 10 half-duplex ability.
0, Do not advertise 10 half-duplex ability.
802.3
100
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MIIM Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 5h: Link Partner Ability
15
Next Page
Not supported.
RO
0
14
LP ACK
Not supported.
RO
0
13
Remote fault
Not supported.
RO
0
12−11
Reserved
RO
0
10
Pause
RO
0
9
Reserved
RO
0
Address
Name
Mode
Default
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
RO
00001
8
Adv 100 Full
7
Adv 100 Half
6
Adv 10 Full
5
Adv 10 Half
4-0
Reserved
1, link partner flow control capable.
0, link partner not flow control capable.
Description
1, link partner 100BT full-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 100BT full-duplex capable.
1, link partner 100BT half-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 100BT half-duplex capable.
1, link partner 10BT full-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 10BT full-duplex capable.
1, link partner 10BT half-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 10BT half-duplex capable.
Register 1dh: Reserved
15
Reserved
RO
0
14-13
Reserved
RO
00
12
Reserved
RO
0
11-9
Reserved
RO
0
8−0
Reserved
RO
000000000
RO
0000000000
Indicate the current state of port operation mode:
[000] = reserved
[001] = still in auto-negotiation
[010] = 10BASE-T half duplex
[011] = 100BASE-TX half duplex
[100] = reserved
[101] = 10BASE-T full duplex
[110] = 100BASE-TX full duplex
[111] = PHY/MII isolate
RO
000
N/A, Do Not change
R/W
xx
RO
0
RO
0
R/W
0
R/W
0
Register 1fh: PHY Special Control/Status
15−11
Reserved
10−8
Port Operation Mode
Indication
7−6
Reserved
5
Polrvs
4
MDI-X status
3
Force_lnk
2
Pwrsave
January 22, 2013
1 = Polarity is reversed
0 = Polarity is not reversed
1 = MDI-X
0 = MDI
1 = Force link pass
0 = Normal operation
1 = Enable power save
0 = Disable power save
101
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MIIM Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
1
Remote Loopback
1 = Perform Remote loopback, loop back path as
follows:
Port 1 (PHY ID address 0x1 reg. 1f, bit 1 = ‘1’)
Start: RXP1/RXM1 (port 1)
Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 1’s PHY
End: TXP1/TXM1 (port 1)
Setting PHY ID address 0x2,3,4,5 reg. 1f, bit 1 = ‘1’
will perform remote loopback on port 2, 3, 4, 5.
0 = Normal Operation.
0
Reserved
January 22, 2013
102
Mode
Default
R/W
0
RO
0
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Absolute Maximum Ratings(1)
Operating Ratings(2)
Supply Voltage
(VDDAR, VDDAP, VDDC) ....................... –0.5V to +2.4V
(VDDAT, VDDIO) ................................. –0.5V to +4.0V
Input Voltage ........................................ –0.5V to +4.0V
Output Voltage ..................................... –0.5V to +4.0V
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10 sec.) .............. 260°C
Storage Temperature (TS) .................–55°C to +150°C
HBM ESD Rating................................................... 4KV
Supply Voltage
(VDDAR, VDDAP, VDDC) ................... +1.14V to +1.26V
(VDDAT) ....................................... +3.15V to +3.45V
(VDDIO) ........ 3.15 to 3.45V or 2.4 to 2.6V or 1.71 to
1.89V
Ambient Temperature (TA)
Commercial .................................... –0°C to +70°C
Industrial ....................................... –40°C to +85°C
Max Junction Temperature (TJ) ......................... 125°C
(3)
Package Thermal Resistance
Thermal Resistance (θJA) ..................... 41.54°C/W
Thermal Resistance (θJC) ..................... 19.78°C/W
Electrical Characteristics(4, 5)
VIN = 1.2V/3.3V (typ.); TA = 25°C
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
100BASE-TX Operation—All Ports 100% Utilization
IDX
100BASE-TX (Transmitter) 3.3V Analog
VDDAT
129
mA
IDda
100BASE-TX 1.2V Analog
VDDAR
40
mA
IDDc
100BASE-TX 1.2V Digital
VDDC
45
mA
IDDIO
100BASE-TX (Digital IO) 3.3V Digital
VDDIO
2.5
mA
10BASE-T Operation —All Ports 100% Utilization
IDX
10BASE-T (Transmitter) 3.3V Analog
VDDAT
124
mA
IDda
10BASE-T 1.2V Analog
VDDAR
15
mA
IDDc
10BASE-T 1.2V Digital
VDDC
56
mA
IDDIO
10BASE-T (Digital IO) 3.3V Digital
VDDIO
2
mA
Auto-Negotiation Mode
IDX
10BASE-T (Transmitter) 3.3V Analog
VDDAT
75
mA
IDda
10BASE-T 1.2V Analog
VDDAR
39
mA
IEDM
10BASE-T 1.2V Digital
VDDC
58
mA
IDDIO
10BASE-T (Digital IO) 3.3V Digital
VDDIO
1.6
mA
VDDAT + VDDIO
38
mA
Power Management Mode
IPSM1
Power Saving Mode 3.3V
IPSM2
Power Saving Mode 1.2V
VDDAR + VDDC
73
mA
ISPDM1
Soft Power Down Mode 3.3V
VDDAT + VDDIO
1.6
mA
ISPDM2
Soft Power Down Mode 1.2V
VDDAR + VDDC
0.8
mA
IEDM1
Energy Detect Mode 3.3V
VDDAT + VDDIO
7.5
mA
IEDM2
Energy Detect Mode 1.2V
VDDAR + VDDC
46
mA
Notes:
1. Exceeding the absolute maximum rating may damage the device.
2. The device is not guaranteed to function outside its operating rating. Unused inputs must always be tied to an appropriate logic voltage level
(ground or VDD).
3. No heat spreader in package. The thermal junction to ambient (θJA) and the thermal junction to case (θJC) are under air velocity 0m/s.
4. Specification for packaged product only. There is no an additional transformer consumption due to use on chip termination technology with
internal biasing for 10Bese-T and 100Base-TX.
5. Measurements were taken with operating ratings.
January 22, 2013
103
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Electrical Characteristics(4, 5) (Continued)
VIN = 1.2V/3.3V (typ.); TA = 25°C
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
TTL Inputs
VIH
Input High Voltage (VDDIO=3.3/2.5/1.8V)
VIL
Input Low Voltage (VDDIO=3.3/2.5/1.8V)
IIN
Input Current (Excluding Pull-up/Pull-down)
2.0/1.8
/1.3
VIN = GND ~ VDDIO
V
0.8/0.7
/0.5
10
–10
V
µA
TTL Outputs
VOH
Output High Voltage (VDDIO=3.3/2.5/1.8V)
IOH = –8mA
VOL
Output Low Voltage (VDDIO=3.3/2.5/1.8V)
IOL = 8mA
IOZ
Output Tri-State Leakage
VIN = GND ~ VDDIO
100BASE-TX Transmit (measured differentially after 1:1 transformer)
100Ω termination on the
VO
Peak Differential Output Voltage
differential output
100Ω termination on the
VIMB
Output Voltage Imbalance
differential output
Rise/fall Time
tr tt
Rise/fall Time Imbalance
2.4/2.0
/1.5
V
0.95
1.05
V
2
%
3
5
ns
0.5
ns
±0.5
ns
5
%
Overshoot
Peak-to-peak
µA
V
0
Duty Cycle Distortion
Output Jitters
0.4/0.4
/0.3
10
0
0.75
1.4
ns
300
400
585
mV
2.2
2.5
2.8
V
1.4
3.5
ns
28
30
ns
10BASE-T Receive
VSQ
Squelch Threshold
5MHz square wave
10BASE-T Transmit (measured differentially after 1:1 transformer) VDDAT = 3.3V
100Ω termination on the
VP
Peak Differential Output Voltage
differential output
Output Jitters
Peak-to-peak
Rise/fall Times
January 22, 2013
104
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Timing Diagrams
EEPROM Timing
Figure 13. EEPROM Interface Input Receive Timing Diagram
Figure 14. EEPROM Interface Output Transmit Timing Diagram
Symbol
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
tCYC1
Clock Cycle
tS1
Set-Up Time
20
ns
tH1
Hold Time
20
ns
tOV1
Output Valid
16384
4096
4112
Units
ns
4128
ns
Table 23. EEPROM Timing Parameters
January 22, 2013
105
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
SNI Timing
Figure 15. SNI Input Timing
Figure 16. SNI Output Timing
Symbol
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
tCYC2
Clock Cycle
tS2
Set-Up Time
10
ns
tH2
Hold Time
0
ns
tO2
Output Valid
0
100
3
Units
ns
6
ns
Table 24. SNI Timing Parameters
January 22, 2013
106
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MII Timing
Figure 17. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII
Figure 18. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted from MII
10Base-T/100Base-TX
Symbol
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
tCYC3
Clock Cycle
tS3
Set-Up Time
10
ns
tH3
Hold Time
5
ns
tOV3
Output Valid
3
400/40
9
Units
ns
25
ns
Table 25. MAC Mode MII Timing Parameters
January 22, 2013
107
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MII Timing (Continued)
Figure 19. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII
Figure 20. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted from MII
10BaseT/100BaseT
Symbol
Parameter
tCYC4
Clock Cycle
tS4
Set-Up Time
Min.
Typ.
Max.
400/40
ns
10
tH4
Hold Time
0
tOV4
Output Valid
10
Units
ns
ns
20
25
ns
Table 26. PHY Mode MII Timing Parameters
January 22, 2013
108
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
RMII Timing
Figure 21. RMII Timing – Data Received from RMII
Figure 22. RMII Timing – Data Transmitted to RMII
Timing Parameter
Description
Min.
Typ.
Max.
tcyc
Clock cycle
t1
Setup time
4
ns
t2
Hold time
2
ns
tod
Output delay
3
20
Unit
ns
14
ns
Table 27. RMII Timing Parameters
January 22, 2013
109
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
SPI Timing
Figure 23. SPI Input Timing
Symbol
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
fC
Clock Frequency
25
MHz
tCHSL
SPIS_N Inactive Hold Time
10
ns
tSLCH
SPIS_N Active Set-Up Time
10
ns
tCHSH
SPIS_N Active Hold Time
10
ns
tSHCH
SPIS_N Inactive Set-Up Time
10
ns
tSHSL
SPIS_N Deselect Time
200
ns
tDVCH
Data Input Set-Up Time
5
ns
tCHDX
Data Input Hold Time
5
ns
tCLCH
Clock Rise Time
1
µs
tCHCL
Clock fall Time
1
µs
tDLDH
Data Input Rise Time
1
µs
tDHDL
Data Input fall Time
1
µs
Table 28. SPI Input Timing Parameters
January 22, 2013
110
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
SPI Timing (Continued)
Figure 24. SPI Output Timing
Symbol
Parameter
Min.
fC
Clock Frequency
tCLQX
SPIQ Hold Time
tCLQV
Clock Low to SPIQ Valid
tCH
Clock High Time
18
ns
tCL
Clock Low Time
18
ns
tQLQH
SPIQ Rise Time
50
ns
tQHQL
SPIQ fall Time
50
ns
tSHQZ
SPIQ Disable Time
15
ns
0
Typ.
Max.
Units
25
MHz
0
ns
15
ns
Table 29. SPI Output Timing Parameters
January 22, 2013
111
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Auto-Negotiation Timing
Figure 25: Auto-Negotiation Timing
Symbols
Parameters
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
tBTB
FLP burst to FLP burst
8
16
24
ms
tFLPW
FLP burst width
tPW
Clock/Data pulse width
tCTD
Clock pulse to Data pulse
55.5
64
69.5
µs
tCTC
Clock pulse to Clock pulse
111
128
139
µs
Number of Clock/Data pulse per
burst
17
2
ms
100
ns
33
Table 30. Auto-Negotiation Timing Parameters
January 22, 2013
112
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MDC/MDIO Timing
Figure 26. MDC/MDIO Timing
Timing Parameter
Description
Min.
Typ.
tP
MDC period
t1MD1
MDIO (PHY input) setup to rising edge of MDC
10
ns
tMD2
MDIO (PHY input) hold from rising edge of MDC
4
ns
tMD3
MDIO (PHY output) delay from rising edge of MDC
400
222
Max
Unit
ns
ns
Table 31. MDC/MDIO Typical Timing Parameters
January 22, 2013
113
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Reset Timing
Figure 27. Reset Timing
Symbol
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
tSR
Stable Supply Voltages to Reset High
10
ms
tCS
Configuration Set-Up Time
50
ns
tCH
Configuration Hold Time
50
ns
tRC
Reset to Strap-In Pin Output
50
ns
tvr
3.3V rise time
100
us
Table 32. Reset Timing Parameters
January 22, 2013
114
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Reset Circuit Diagram
Micrel recommends the following discrete reset circuit as shown in Figure 22 when powering up the KS8895MQ device.
For the application where the reset circuit signal comes from another device (e.g., CPU, FPGA, etc), we recommend
the reset circuit as shown in Figure 23.
Figure 28. Recommended Reset Circuit
Figure 29. Recommended Circuit for Interfacing with CPU/FPGA Reset
At power-on-reset, R, C, and D1 provide the necessary ramp rise time to reset the Micrel device. The reset out
RST_OUT_n from CPU/FPGA provides the warm reset after power up.
January 22, 2013
115
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Selection of Isolation Transformer(1)
One simple 1:1 isolation transformer is needed at the line interface. An isolation transformer with integrated commonmode choke is recommended for exceeding FCC requirements at line side. Request to separate the center taps of
RX/TX at chip side. The following table gives recommended transformer characteristics.
Characteristics Name
Value
Turns Ratio
Test Condition
1 CT : 1 CT
Open-Circuit Inductance (min.)
350µH
100mV, 100kHz, 8mA
Leakage Inductance (max.)
0.4µH
1MHz (min.)
Inter-Winding Capacitance (max.)
12pF
D.C. Resistance (max.)
0.9Ω
Insertion Loss (max.)
1.0dB
HIPOT (min.)
0MHz to 65MHz
1500Vrms
Table 33. Transformer Selection Criteria
Notes:
1. The IEEE 802.3u standard for 100BASE-TX assumes a transformer loss of 0.5dB. For the transmit line transformer, insertion loss of up to 1.3dB
can be compensated by increasing the line drive current by means of reducing the ISET resistor value.
2. The center taps of RX and TX should be isolated for the low power consumption.
The following transformer vendors provide compatible magnetic parts for Micrel’s device:
Vendors and Parts
Auto
MDIX
Number
of Ports
Vendors and Parts
Auto
MDIX
Number of
Ports
Pulse
H1664NL
Yes
4
Pulse
H1102
Yes
1
YCL
PH406082
Yes
4
Bel Fuse
S558-5999-U7
Yes
1
TDK
TLA-6T718A
Yes
1
YCL
PT163020
Yes
1
LanKom
LF-H41S
Yes
1
Transpower
HB726
Yes
1
Datatronic
NT79075
Yes
1
Delta
LF8505
Yes
1
Table 34. Qualified Magnetic Vendors
Selection of Reference Crystal
Chacteristics
Frequency
Value
Units
25.00000
MHz
<= ±50
ppm
Load capacitance (max)
27
pF
Series resistance (max ESR)
40
Ω
Frequency tolerance (max)
Table 35. Typical Reference Crystal Characteristics
January 22, 2013
116
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
Package Information
128-Pin PQFP
January 22, 2013
117
Revision 1.6
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8895MQ/RQ/FMQ
MICREL, INC. 2180 FORTUNE DRIVE SAN JOSE, CA 95131 USA
TEL +1 (408) 944-0800 FAX +1 (408) 474-1000 WEB http://www.micrel.com
Micrel makes no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the information furnished in this data sheet. This
information is not intended as a warranty and Micrel does not assume responsibility for its use. Micrel reserves the right to change circuitry,
specifications and descriptions at any time without notice. No license, whether express, implied, arising by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual
property rights is granted by this document. Except as provided in Micrel’s terms and conditions of sale for such products, Micrel assumes no liability
whatsoever, and Micrel disclaims any express or implied warranty relating to the sale and/or use of Micrel products including liability or warranties
relating to fitness for a particular purpose, merchantability, or infringement of any patent, copyright or other intellectual property right.
Micrel Products are not designed or authorized for use as components in life support appliances, devices or systems where malfunction of a product
can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems that (a) are intended for surgical implant
into the body or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. A
Purchaser’s use or sale of Micrel Products for use in life support appliances, devices or systems is a Purchaser’s own risk and Purchaser agrees to fully
indemnify Micrel for any damages resulting from such use or sale.
© 2011 Micrel, Incorporated.
January 22, 2013
118
Revision 1.6
Mouser Electronics
Authorized Distributor
Click to View Pricing, Inventory, Delivery & Lifecycle Information:
Micrel:
KSZ8895MQXCA KSZ8895MQXIA
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement