Sys*Stim 294 ® Instruction Manual ® 1333 South Claudina Street • Anaheim, CA 92805, U. S. A. Toll Free: (800) 854–9305 • Telephone: (714) 533–2221 • FAX: (714) 635–7539 Web Site: http://www.mettlerelectronics.com • Email: firstname.lastname@example.org IR7–98 Copyright © 1999, 2010 by Mettler Electronics Corp.—Anaheim, CA Rev.E_07/02/12 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 2 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Table of Contents Section Title 1 Introduction Introduction to the Sys*Stim 294 Introduction to this Manual Safety Precautions Caution Shipping Damage Package Contents Limited Warranty Symbol Glossary and List of Abbreviations Symbol Glossary Treatment Status Indicator Icons List of Abbreviations Installation Installation Instructions EMC Guidance Operating Instructions A Note About Electrodes General Operating Instructions Stimulation Set-up Procedure Electrode Positioning Indications, Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions Indications for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Contraindications for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Warnings for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Precautions for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Side Effects/Adverse Reactions for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Maintenance and Troubleshooting Cleaning the Sys*Stim 294 Routine Maintenance Troubleshooting the Sys*Stim 294 References Specifications General Specifications Waveform Specifications Amplitude Modulation Specifications Accessories Ordering Information Sys*Stim 294 Accessories 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 3 3.1 3.2 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 7 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 9 9.1 9.2 Page 5 5 6 6 7 7 7 7 9 9 11 12 13 13 14 19 19 20 21 25 29 29 29 30 30 31 33 33 33 33 35 37 37 37 41 43 43 43 3 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 List of Figures No. Title 1.1 3.1 3.2 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 4 Sys*Stim 294 Sys*Stim 294, Back view—Mains Power Switch and Line Cord connection Sys*Stim 294, Front View—Electrode Cable Connections Front membrane panel and LED indicators Electrode Sizes and Current Density Quadpolar Electrode Placement Technique Bipolar Electrode Placement Technique Monopolar Electrode Placement Technique Using the Pencil Electrode Interferential Waveform Premodulated Waveform Medium Frequency (Russian) Waveform Biphasic Waveform High Volt Waveform Microcurrent Waveform Page 5 13 14 19 20 25 26 26 27 37 38 39 39 40 40 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Section 1: Introduction 1.1 Introduction to the Sys*Stim 294 Thank you for purchasing the Sys*Stim 294 four-channel neuromuscular stimulator. The microprocessor controlled Sys*Stim 294 provides interferential, premodulated, medium frequency, symmetrical biphasic, high volt and microcurrent waveforms with enhanced reliability and ease of use. The four–channel Sys*Stim 294 allows you to utilize up to four different waveforms using four channels simultaneously. You can choose between several different amplitude modulation options such as the surge, reciprocation and vector rotation. The interferential and premodulated modes offer frequency modulation as well as a static frequency option. Figure 1.1— Sys*Stim 294 The membrane panel provides both tactile and audio feedback when buttons are pressed. Blinking LED’s guide you through the easy setup routine. The new Treatment Status Indicator shows you which stimulation waveform has been chosen for treatment. The status display moves when treatment output is active. Large, soft-touch control knobs make adjusting stimulation intensity easy to accomplish with no guesswork involved. Two LED output displays allow you to monitor two channels simultaneously. These also allow you to adjust both channels of an interferential protocol simultaneously while monitoring the current. The Sys*Stim 294 can provide electrical stimulation from four channels. Add the optional treatment cart to create a mobile treatment center for your office. 5 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 The Sys*Stim 294 has been certified by Intertek Testing Services to meet the requirements for ETL Listing per the following standards: UL 2601-1-UL Standard for Safety–Medical Electrical Equipment, Part 1: General Requirements for Safety Second Edition. CAN/CSA C22.2 NO 601.1 – Medical Electrical Equipment – Part 1: General Requirements for Safety IEC60601-2-10 – Safety of Nerve and Muscle Stimulators In addition, the Sys*Stim 294 meets the following standards for radio frequency emissions: EN 60601-1-2 EN–55011 (CISPR–11) Mettler Electronics Corp. has been certified by VTT Expert Services LTD to be compliant with EN ISO 13485:2003 and MDD 93/42/EEC Annex II requirements. In addition, Mettler is certified by DQS Medizinprodukte GMBH to be compliant with ISO 13485:2003 (CMDCAS) Canadian Medical Device requirements. 1.2 Introduction to This Manual Read the contents of this manual before treating patients with the Sys*Stim 294. This manual has been written to assist you with the safe operation of the Sys*Stim 294. It is intended for use by the owners and operators of the Sys*Stim 294. The goal of this manual is to direct the correct operation and maintenance of this unit. The specifications and instructions presented in this manual are in effect at the time of its publication. These instructions may be updated at any time at the discretion of the manufacturer. Please fill in the warranty card to assure that you will be updated on changes should that become necessary. You may also go to our website at, http://www.mettlerelectronics.com/product-registration/ , to register your product. 1.3 Safety Precautions The Sys*Stim 294 operates with high voltages. Qualified biomedical technicians with training in neuromuscular stimulator service should perform servicing of the Sys*Stim 294 or it should be returned directly to the factory. To maximize safety during use, the unit should be plugged into a grounded wall outlet. General safety guidelines for medical electronic equipment should be followed. Service may be obtained from the manufacturer by sending the Sys*Stim 294 in its original shipping container to Mettler Electronics Corp., 1333 South Claudina Street, Anaheim, CA 92805, ATTN: Service Department. (Telephone toll free: (800) 854–9305, Email: email@example.com, Alternate telephone number: 1 (714) 533–2221) NOTE: All warranty repairs must be performed by Mettler Electronics Corp. or by a service facility authorized by Mettler Electronics to perform warranty repair work. A service manual for the Sys*Stim 294 is available from Mettler Electronics Corp. for a nominal charge. 6 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 1.4 Caution Federal law restricts the sale of this device to, or on the order of, a physician, dentist, veterinarian or any other practitioner licensed by law of the state in which he practices. Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein may result in hazardous exposure to electrical energy. The electric energy delivered by this device may possibly be lethal. Treatment should be administered only under the direct supervision of a health care professional. 1.5 Shipping Damage Your new Sys*Stim 294 is shipped complete in one carton. Upon receipt, please inspect the carton and the unit for visible and hidden damage. If you discover any damage, hold all shipping materials, including the carton, and call the shipping agent who delivered the unit. They are responsible for all damage in transit; therefore, all claims should be filed directly with them. The factory will not be responsible for any damage in shipment, nor allow any adjustments unless proper formal claim has been filed by the receiver against the carrier. The carton in which your new Sys*Stim 294 was received is specially designed to protect the unit during shipping. Please retain all shipping materials in the event that you will need to return your unit for servicing. NOTE: All warranty repairs are to be performed by Mettler Electronics Corp. or an authorized Mettler Electronics warranty repair center. 1.6 Package Contents Your new Sys*Stim 294 comes complete with all the necessary components to perform neuromuscular electrical stimulation. Below is a list of items that are included in the shipping carton. 1. Sys*Stim 294 2. Four electrode cable sets, (ME 2260) 3. Two gray pin to banana adapters, (ME 2027) 4. One package each EZ Trodes, 2" diameter (ME 2221) and 2.75" diameter (ME 2222) 5. Detachable U.L. listed, hospital–grade line cord, (ME 7293) 6. Instruction Manual, Electrical Stimulation & Ultrasound Pocket Guide and Warranty Card 1.7 Limited Warranty The Sys*Stim 294 neuromuscular electrical stimulator is warranted against defects in materials and workmanship for a period of two years from date of purchase. During the applicable warranty period Mettler Electronics Corp. will, at its discretion, either repair or replace the Product without charge for these types of defects. For service under this warranty, the Product must be returned by the buyer within the applicable warranty period to Mettler Electronics Corp. Shipping charges to Mettler Electronics Corp. under this warranty must be paid by the buyer. The buyer must also include a copy of the sales receipt or other proof of the date of purchase. If the Product 7 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 is returned without proof of the date of purchase, it will be serviced as an out–of– warranty product at Mettler Electronics Corp.'s prevailing service rates. Alteration, misuse, or neglect of the Product voids this warranty. Except as specifically set forth above, Mettler Electronics Corp. makes no warranties, express or implied, including without limitation any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to the Product. If any implied warranties apply as a matter of law, they are limited in duration to one year. Mettler Electronics Corp. shall not be liable for any indirect, special, consequential or incidental damages resulting from any defect in or use of the Product. Any legal action brought by the buyer relating to this warranty must be commenced within one year from the date any claim arises and must be brought only in the state or federal courts located in Orange County, California. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to the buyer. This warranty gives the buyer specific legal rights, and the buyer may also have other rights which vary from state to state. 8 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Section 2—Symbol Glossary and List of Abbreviations 2.1 Symbol Glossary Electrical Stimulation Selector Time display 1 5. 0 0 min s s Hz Time display LED’s. Displays treatment time and numeric values for frequency, phase duration, on/off times and alphanumeric error codes. s These LED’s will illuminate to prompt the clinician to input either time in seconds (s), microseconds (μs), or frequency (Hz). The time or the frequency will be displayed in the numeric time display. 1 Treatment Status Indicator 2 Channel display indicator and selector 3 1 4 Numeric keypad for time, frequency or phase duration entry. Starts treatment and stimulation output. Stops treatment for the treatment displayed in timer window or acts as an “Enter” button during treatment setup. Stops all stimulation output. Interferential waveform selector—LED is illuminated when this function is activated. Premodulated waveform selector—LED is illuminated when this function is activated. Medium frequency waveform selector—LED is illuminated when this function is activated. 9 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 s Hz + – Symmetrical biphasic waveform selector—LED is illuminated when this function is activated. High volt waveform selector—LED is illuminated when this function is activated. Microcurrent waveform selector—LED is illuminated when this function is activated. Phase duration control selector—Press this button during a biphasic treatment to display phase duration. Frequency control selector—Press this button during a stimulation treatment to display frequency. Polarity selector for high volt and microcurrent waveforms. Amplitude modulation (Vector rotation), used for interferential waveform only. Continuous stimulation selector Surge selector to set on and off times Reciprocation selector, use for channel pairs 1 & 2 or 3 & 4. Stimulation output displays LED’s that display the output intensity during a treatment. When the unit is in the “Hold” mode for electrical stimulation, “--- ---“ will be displayed. 00 0 1 mA 3 V 2 4 mA A LED indicators are lit to define which output intensity is being displayed in the two windows. LED indicators are lit to show the measurement units of the output intensity being displayed in the window. Output intensity control knob, rotate knob clockwise to increase output and counterclockwise to decrease output. I 10 Mains On. Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 O Mains Off. Attention, consult instruction manual. Type BF Equipment—Class I IPX0 Not suitable for use in the presence of a flammable anaesthetic mixture with air or with oxygen or nitrous oxide. ETL and C–ETL Listed (new ETL logo phase in) 2.2 Treatment Status Indicator Icons Stimulation selected, waiting for waveform type to be selected. Interferential waveform selected. Display will move to the right when the outputs are active. Interferential vector rotation control selected. Display appears to rotate. Premodulated waveform selected. Display will move to the right when the outputs are active. Medium frequency (Russian) waveform selected. Display will move to the right when the outputs are active. Biphasic waveform selected. Display will move to the right when the outputs are active. High volt waveform selected. Display will move to the right when the outputs are active. 11 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 Microcurrent waveform selected. Display will move to the right when the outputs are active. 2.3 List of Abbreviations Hz LED — — Hertz (pulses per second) Light Emitting Diode A — Microampere (1 x 10-6 ampere) s mA ms min s S/N — — — — — — Microsecond (1 x 10-6 second) Milliampere (1 x 10-3 ampere) Millisecond (1 x 10-3 second) Minutes Seconds Serial Number 12 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Section 3—Installation 3.1 Installation Instructions 1. Connect the line cord to the back of the Sys*Stim 294. (See Figure 3.1) 2. Plug the line cord (ME 7293) into a grounded wall outlet that is rated between 90–240 VAC, 50–60 Hz. Your power supply must match the voltage requirements listed on the serial number label of your device. Do not connect the Sys*Stim 294 to a power supply rated differently than that described above. 3. The line cord comes equipped with a standard 3–prong plug. This plug provides grounding for the Sys*Stim 294. Do not defeat its purpose by using 3–to–2 prong adapters or any other means of attaching to a wall outlet. 4. Plug the electrode cables (ME 2260) into the electrode cable connections as seen in Figure 3.2. 5. The Sys*Stim 294 may be susceptible to interference originating from shortwave diathermy units operating in close proximity to it. Avoid operating the Sys*Stim 294 adjacent to and simultaneously with operating shortwave devices. 6. Do not use sharp objects to operate the membrane panel switches. If the tough outer layer of the membrane is broken, moisture may leak into the switches resulting in switch failure. 7. Once you have verified proper functioning of your Sys*Stim 294, using the instructions in Section 4, please fill in the enclosed self–addressed Warranty Registration Card and mail it to Mettler Electronics. Mains Power Switch Line Cord Connection Figure 3.1— Sys*Stim 294, Back View— Mains Power Switch and Line Cord Connection 13 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 Electrode Cable Connections Figure 3.2— Sys*Stim 294, Front View— Electrode Cable Connections 3.2 EMC Guidance CAUTION: Medical Electrical Equipment needs special precautions regarding Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) and needs to be installed and put into service according to the EMC information provided in the following tables. Portable and mobile Radio Frequency (RF) communications equipment can affect Medical Electrical Equipment. Accessories: Hospital Medical grade power cord of a maximum length of 120 inches WARNING: The use of accessories, other than those specified, except those supplied or sold by Mettler Electronics Corp., as replacement parts for internal or external components, may result in increased EMISSIONS or decreased IMMUNITY of the Sys*Stim 294. Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration – electromagnetic emissions The Sys*Stim 294 is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the user of the Sys*Stim 294 should assure it is used in such an environment. Emissions Test RF emissions Compliance Group 1 The Sys*Stim 294 must emit electromagnetic energy in order to perform its intended function. Nearby electronic equipment may be effected. Class B The Sys*Stim 294 is suitable for use in all establishments other than domestic and those directly connected to the public lowvoltage power supply network that supplies buildings used for domestic purposes. CISPR 11 RF emissions CISPR 11 Harmonic emissions Applicable IEC 61000-3-2 Voltage fluctuations/flicker emissions IEC 61000-3-3 14 Electromagnetic environment-guidance Applicable Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration – electromagnetic immunity The Sys*Stim 294 is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the user of the Sys*Stim 294 should assure that it is used in such an environment. Immunity test Electrostatic discharge (ESD) IEC 60601 test level Compliance level ±6 kV contact ±6 kV contact ±8 kV air ±8 kV air Electrical fast transient/burst ±2 kV for power supply lines ±2 kV for power supply lines IEC 61000-4-4 ±1 kV for input/output lines ±1 kV for input/output lines Surge ±1 kV differential mode ±1 kV differential mode ±2 kV common mode ±2 kV common mode <5% UT (>95% dip in UT) for 0.5 cycle <5% UT (>95% dip in UT) for 0.5 cycle 40% UT (60% dip in UT) for 5 cycles 40% UT (60% dip in UT) for 5 cycles 70% UT (30% dip in UT) for 25 cycles 70% UT (30% dip in UT) for 25 cycles <5% UT (>95% dip in UT) for 5 seconds <5% UT (>95% dip in UT) for 5 seconds 3 A/m 3 A/m IEC 61000-4-2 IEC 61000-4-5 Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations on power supply input lines IEC 61000-4-11 Power frequency (50/60 Hz) magnetic field IEC 61000-4-8 Electromagnetic environment — guidance Floors should be wood, concrete or ceramic tile. If floors are covered with synthetic material, relative humidity should be at least 30%. Mains power quality should be that of a typical commercial or hospital environment. Mains power quality should be that of a typical commercial or hospital environment. Mains power quality should be that of a typical commercial or hospital environment. If the user of the Sys*Stim 294 requires continued operation during power mains interruptions, it is needed that the Sys*Stim 294 be powered from an uninterruptible power supply. Power frequency magnetic fields should be at levels characteristic of a typical location in a typical commercial or hospital environment. NOTE UT is the A.C. mains voltage prior to application of the test level. 15 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration – electromagnetic immunity The Sys*Stim 294 is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the user of the Sys*Stim 294 should assure that it is used in such an environment. Immunity test IEC 60601 test level Compliance level Electromagnetic environment – guidance Portable and mobile RF communications equipment should be used no closer to any part of the Sys*Stim 294, including cables, than the recommended separation distance calculated from the equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter. Recommended separation distance Conducted RF IEC 61000-4-6 3 Vrms 150 kHz to 80 GHz 3V d = 1,2√P Radiated RF IEC 61000-4-3 3 V/m 80 MHz to 2,5 GHz 3 V/m d = 1,2√P 80MHz to 800 MHz d = 2,3√P 800MHz to 2,5 GHz where P is the maximum output power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter manufacturer and d is the recommended separation distance in meters (m). Field strengths from fixed RF transmitters, as determined by an electromagnetic site survey, a should be less than the compliance level in each frequency range.b Interference may occur in the vicinity of equipment marked with the following symbol: NOTE 1 At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the higher frequency range applies. NOTE 2 These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and reflection from structures, objects and people. a Field strengths from fixed transmitters, such as base stations for radio (cellular/cordless) telephones and land mobile radios, amateur radio, AM and FM radio broadcast and TV broadcast cannot be predicted theoretically with accuracy. To assess the electromagnetic environment due to fixed RF transmitters, an electromagnetic site survey should be considered. If the measured field strength in the location in which the Sys*Stim 294 is used exceeds the applicable RF compliance level above, the Sys*Stim 294 should be observed to verify normal operation. If abnormal performance is observed, additional measures may be necessary, such as reorienting or relocating the Sys*Stim 294. b Over the frequency range 150 kHz to 80 MHz, field strengths should be less than 3 V/m. 16 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Recommended separation distances between portable and mobile RF communications equipment and the Sys*Stim 294 The Sys*Stim 294 is intended for use in an electromagnetic environment in which radiated RF disturbances are controlled. The customer or the user of the Sys*Stim 294 can help prevent electromagnetic interference by maintaining a minimum distance between portable and mobile RF communications equipment (transmitters) and the Sys*Stim 294 as recommended below, according to the maximum output power of the communications equipment. Rated maximum output power of transmitter W 0,01 0,1 1 10 100 Separation distance according to frequency of transmitter m 150 kHz to 80 MHz d = 1,2√P 80 MHz to 800 MHz d = 1,2√P 800 MHz to 2,5 GHz d = 2,3√P 0,12 0,38 1,2 3,8 12 0,12 0,38 1,2 3,8 12 0,23 0,73 2,3 7,3 23 For transmitters rated at a maximum output power not listed above, the recommended separation distance d in meters (m) can be estimated using the equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter, where P is the maximum output power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter manufacturer. NOTE 1 At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the separation distance for the higher frequency range applies. NOTE 2 These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and reflection from structures, objects and people. Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration No. 1 Mode of Operation Unit tested to 230 VAC for CE Essential Performance Degradation Allowed Unit designed to be failure safe in abnormal condition Unit tested to 120 VAC for US/Canada 2 Unit has four stimulation channels Reset allowed as long as failure safe 17 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 18 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Section 4—Operating Instructions Stim Output Stim Setup ® SYS*STIM 294 1 3 00 0 mA Timer Functions 1 5. 0 0 min s V 2 4 00 0 mA A s s Hz Sweep Frequency Stim Channels 1 3 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 4 Premodulated 1 - 15 Hz 80 - 150 Hz 1 - 150 Hz Hz1 - Hz2 Hz Amplitude Modulation Continuous Medium Frequency 0 Start Interferential Hold / Enter Stop All Output Biphasic High Volt Phase Duration Frequency s Hz Polarity Frequency + – MicroCurrent Polarity + – Hz Surge Reciprocation Frequency Hz ! WARNING: Hazardous electrical output. This equipment is for use by qualified personnel. Use electrode cable set ME 2260. Figure 4.1—Front membrane panel and LED indicators 4.1 A Note About Electrodes To ensure safe operation of the Sys*Stim 294, follow the recommendations listed below: 1. We strongly encourage careful maintenance of the electrode system. This includes the lead wires as well as the pads themselves. Worn cables and/or poor pads (or the wrong sized pads) can have a significant impact upon treatment results. 2. For best performance, use Mettler Electronics’ brand electrodes. 3. Do not exceed the number of recommended uses listed on the instructions for EZ Trodes or other reusable self–adhesive electrodes. 4. Make sure that the entire surface of the electrode is contacting the patient. 5. Do not use moist hot packs to secure electrodes. 6. To avoid skin irritation due to high current density, do not use electrodes smaller in surface area than the 2" diameter EZ Trode® self-adhesive electrode (ME 2221). 7. Do not use conductive carbon electrodes with this product. 8. Whenever clinically possible, utilize the largest possible pads to reduce local increases in current density. In situations where small pads are required, use the lowest stimulation intensity necessary to achieve the desired clinical results. 19 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 The table below illustrates the relationship between electrode diameter and current density. As you can see the current density increases rapidly when diameter decreases. Diameter Surface Area Current Density inches Square inches mA/sq in (for 10mA) 1.25 1.2 8.2 2.00 3.1 3.2 3.00 7.1 1.4 1.25 inch diameter 2.00 inch diameter 3.00 inch diameter Figure 4.2—Electrode Sizes and Current Density 4.2 General Operating Instructions: Before you start. a) Review precautions, contraindications and side effects/adverse reactions listed in Section 5. b) Use Mettler Electronics electrodes to ensure safe and effective operation. c) Verify connection of the line cord to a grounded wall receptacle and the Sys*Stim 294. d) For electrical stimulation connect electrode cables (ME 2260) into the electrode connections for the channels that are going to be used. e) Note: Descriptions of the symbols used on controls are in Section 2. 20 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 4.3 Stimulation Set-up Procedure 1. Press the stimulation treatment selector. The Treatment Status Indicator will show you the stimulation icon and all the waveform LED’s will begin to blink. Press this key to begin programming additional treatment sessions. The active channel indicators will blink and new channels will be lit when the treatment type is selected. You can go back to check on active channels any time, by pressing the channel keys that are blinking. 2. Select the stimulation waveform that you would like to use. Interferential—Channels 1 & 2 or Channels 3 & 4 Premodulated—Channels 1, 2, 3 or 4 Medium Frequency, Russian waveform—Channels 1, 2, 3, or 4. Biphasic— Channels 1, 2, 3, or 4. High Volt—Channel 1 only Microcurrent—Channel 2 only 1 2 3 4 Please Note: For two-channel operations, the Sys*Stim 294 works in channel pairs only—Channels 1 & 2 or 3 & 4. Up to four different stimulation protocols may be run simultaneously. The Treatment Status Indicator will show you the icon for the selected waveform. 3. For the interferential waveform, the Sys*Stim 294 will automatically pick channel pairs 1 & 2 or 3 & 4. For the premodulated, medium frequency and biphasic waveforms, the next available channel will be selected. If a two-channel treatment is desired pick the second member of the channel pair by pressing its button. Channel 1 is automatically selected for the high volt waveform and Channel 2 is automatically selected for the microcurrent waveform. If a channel is already in use, you will need to free it up before using these two waveforms. Cancel a treatment setup by pressing the channel selector. 4. Set treatment pulse frequency (Hz), phase duration (s) and polarity (+ or -) for each waveform. 1 - 15 Hz 80 - 150 Hz 1 - 150 Hz Hz1 - Hz2 Hz Interferential— Choose from preset frequency modulation programs: 1-15, 80-150 or 1-150 Hz or… Pick Hz1-Hz2 to set your own static frequency or frequency sweep range. Enter values for each frequency using the numeric keypad followed by the key. The frequency is displayed in the timer window and the Hz LED is lit. 21 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 1 - 15 Hz 80 - 150 Hz 1 - 150 Hz Hz1 - Hz2 Hz Premodulated— Choose from preset frequency modulation programs: 1-15, 80-150 or 1-150 Hz or… Pick Hz1-Hz2 to set your own static frequency or frequency sweep range. Enter values for each frequency using the key. The frequency is numeric keypad followed by the displayed in the timer window and the Hz LED is lit. Medium Frequency— No optional selections s Hz + – Hz + – Hz Biphasic— The Sys*Stim 294 stores the value for the phase duration and the frequency for the last Biphasic session. If the value displayed in the timer window is acceptable press the key. Set s for the phase duration, 50-300 s. Enter a numeric key. value followed by the Set Hz for the frequency, 1-120 Hz. Enter a numeric value followed by the key. High Volt— Set the treatment polarity. The LED that is lit indicates the red lead wire’s polarity. Set Hz for the frequency, 1-120 Hz. Enter a numeric value key. followed by the Microcurrent— Set the treatment polarity. The LED that is lit indicates the red lead wire’s polarity. Pressing the button twice will allow the polarity to alternate in a biphasic manner. Both LED indicators will be illuminated. Set Hz for the frequency, 0.5-500 Hz. Enter a numeric value key, (05 = 0.5 Hz). followed by the 5. Set options for amplitude modulation—continuous, surge and reciprocation. Continuous—no amplitude modulation, no On/Off times, default setting Surge—Set an On and Off time, 3 seconds Up ramp, 2 seconds Down ramp Reciprocation—Stimulation alternates equally between Channels 1 & 2 or Channels 3 & 4, 1 second Up and Down ramps. May be combined with the Surge option for longer rest times. 22 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Interferential—Continuous Premodulated—Continuous, Surge and Reciprocation Medium Frequency, Russian—Continuous, Surge and Reciprocation Biphasic—Continuous, Surge and Reciprocation High Volt—Continuous and Surge Microcurrent—Continuous s s Hz 10 10 min min s s s Hz 10 s 1 5. 0 0 min s s s Hz 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Surge Mode— Press Surge selector until you see the On/Off duty cycle that you would like to use. Press the key to accept the values. Preset On/Off choices are 10 10, 10 20, 10 30, 10 40, 10 50 and 10 60. If you press the Surge selector one more time after “10 60” is displayed, a single number is displayed. This represents the last On time that was programmed. To change the number, use the numeric keypad to enter a new value followed by the key. The Off time is then displayed, enter a new value key. followed by the Reciprocation Mode— To setup a Reciprocation program you must have stimulation setup for two-channel operation. If Channel 1 is lit, press Channel 2. If Channel 3 is lit, press Channel 4. Press the Reciprocation key. Enter a value from 2 to 240 and press the key. Surge + Reciprocation— Press Reciprocation key. Press the key. Press the Surge key until you see the On/Off time you want to use. Press the key. 6. Enter the treatment time using the numeric keypad. The maximum treatment time is 60 minutes. If you do not enter a time, the time will count up during a treatment session, but will not exceed 60 minutes. 0 7. Apply the electrodes to the patient. Attach the electrode cables to the electrodes. 23 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 8. Press the start key to begin treatment. The waveform will start to move in the treatment status box and the output display will show 0’s. Please Note: If you are using the pencil electrode with the microcurrent waveform, you must press the button on top of the pencil electrode to establish contact prior to starting a treatment or a contact error will occur. Once the treatment begins, hold the button down while increasing output intensity. 1 3 2 00 0 mA 4 00 0 V mA A 9. Adjust the output intensity by turning the knobs clockwise. The numeric display shows the output in the units indicated by the lit LED below the display for that channel. Please note: Adjust the intensity at the peak when the current is on with an amplitude modulation function. Adjust intensity down any time during the On time. NOTE 1: For the surge mode, adjust the output intensity for the active channels and then press to start the Surge cycle. The timer will then begin counting. NOTE 2: For the reciprocation mode adjust the intensity for Channel 1 or 3 and then press . Then adjust the intensity for Channel 2 or 4 and press . 10. In the interferential mode, press the amplitude modulation (vector rotation) key after the output intensity is adjusted. Adjust intensity Up only at the peak and Down at any time. 11. Press the “Hold” key to temporarily suspend treatment. All treatment parameters except output intensity will be retained. Press to resume treatment and then readjust the output intensity. 12. Use this button to stop all active treatments. Treatment parameters will still be active so you would be able to resume treatment at any time. For stimulation, you will be required to readjust the output intensity starting at zero if you resume treatment. 24 1 2 3 4 13. After the treatment ends, you can press the channel selector to free up the channel(s) for the next treatment selection.. Remove the electrodes from the patient and return them to their package for storage. To setup additional stimulation treatments, start back at the beginning at step 1. Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 4.4 Electrode Positioning 1. General information Placement of electrodes may be by the quadpolar, bipolar or monopolar techniques. Proper positioning and contact will insure treatment comfort and efficiency. Electrodes should never be placed in such a manner as to produce current flow through the cardiac area. For safe operation of the Sys*Stim 294, review contraindications, warnings, precautions and Side Effects/Adverse Reactions in sections 5.2, 5.3, 5.4 and 5.5 before positioning electrodes. 2. Preparation of the skin prior to electrode application To insure the efficient current conduction necessary for proper treatment, certain preparations must be made. Cleaning or wetting should eliminate any impairment to current conduction on the patient’s skin such as an oily or dry surface, or excessive hair coverage. Shaving may be necessary depending upon the density of hair coverage. Failure to provide for maximum current conduction efficiency could result in skin irritation relating to an increase in current density at the electrode site. Using reusable electrodes for longer periods of time than those recommended by the package insert could result in ineffective treatments or cause skin irritation. Care should be taken to ensure application of the total electrode surface area to the patient's skin prior to commencing treatment. 3. Quadpolar electrode application technique Quadpolar techniques should be used with the “Interferential” waveform. The electrodes from Channel 1 are placed diagonally from each other. While the electrodes from Channel 2 are placed diagonally across from each other to form an “X” over the treatment area. The zone of maximum interference between the two channels occurs roughly in the center of the “X”. Figure 4.3—Quadpolar Electrode Placement Technique Constantly changing the intensity levels of the two channels will change the interference pattern felt by the patient. Pressing the amplitude modulation key will constantly change the intensity of the outputs of the two channels during treatment, increasing the area covered by the interference pattern. 25 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 4. Bipolar electrode placement techniques Figure 4.4—Bipolar Electrode Placement Technique Bipolar electrode placement techniques should be used to provide stimulation to larger muscle groups, such as the quadriceps or the hamstrings. The symmetrical waveforms of the “Premodulated”, “Medium Frequency” and “Biphasic” waveforms are usually applied to the body using the bipolar technique. Equal size electrodes are placed at each end of the muscle or muscle group. Current concentration is over the entire length of that muscle or muscle group and especially effective on weak musculature. Electrode placement should be at opposite ends of the limb or muscle group. Care should be taken to insure that electrodes are not placed too close together which could produce current concentration along the edges of the pads. This is the so-called “edging effect” which can cause patient discomfort. The figure on the left shows a pad set up for stimulation of the quadriceps. 5. Monopolar electrode application techniques Figure 4.5—Monopolar Electrode Placement Technique Monopolar techniques may be used with the “High Volt”, “Microcurrent”, “Premodulated”, “Medium Frequency” and “Biphasic” waveforms. The smaller, active, electrode (black and negative) is placed over the muscle motor point. In treatments designed to relieve pain, the active electrode is placed over the painful area. The larger, dispersive, electrode (red and positive) is placed on the same side of the body at some point distal to the active electrode. The dispersive pad is generally three to four times larger than the active electrode so that current density is too low to cause muscle contractions under the dispersive electrode. Never place the dispersive electrode over the antagonist muscle. The monopolar electrode placement technique has been found to be especially useful for muscle stimulation of the upper extremities and small muscle groups. This technique helps concentrate the stimulation effect on the muscle under the smaller electrode. The figure on the left illustrates one possible electrode placement for muscle stimulation of the forearm. 6. Using the pencil electrode 26 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 The pencil electrode is used for the stimulation of small muscles or painful areas. It is also useful to help identify the exact motor point of a muscle or muscle group. The pencil electrode may be used with the “High Volt”, “Microcurrent”, “Premodulated”, “Medium Frequency” or “Biphasic” waveforms. Attach the pencil electrode to the black electrode cable using a pin to banana adapter. Attach the red electrode cable to a dispersive pad. Apply dispersive electrode in such a manner to prevent transthoracic stimulation Pressing the switch located on the pencil electrode will allow treatment currents to be delivered to the patient. Four tips o f different sizes are included with the pencil electrode. The figure on the left shows an application of the pencil electrode. Figure 4.6—Using the Pencil Electrode Please Note: If you are using the pencil electrode with the microcurrent waveform, you must press the button on top of the pencil electrode to establish contact prior to starting a treatment or a contact error will occur. Once the treatment begins, hold the button down while increasing output intensity. 7. Additional information about electrode placement: Motor point charts are available as guides from Mettler Electronics Corp. These points may vary from patient to patient, and at time of injury, may vary in the same patient. The Electrical Stimulation & Ultrasound Pocket Guide by Michelle Cameron is provided at no charge with the Sys*Stim 294. 27 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 28 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Section 5—Indications, Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions 5.1 Indications for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation The application of pulsating electric currents to the body via electrodes elicits responses from nerves, which conduct pain sensation and muscle contraction information. Stimulation of sensory fibers will help block pain while the stimulation of motor fibers will generate pulsatile contractions of the muscle groups innervated by the nerves being stimulated. Based on this information, some of the indications for use are as follow: 1. Symptomatic relief of chronic intractable pain, acute post traumatic pain or acute post surgical pain (Interferential, Premodulated and Microcurrent waveforms). 2. Temporary relaxation of muscle spasm, all waveforms except Microcurrent. 3. Prevention of post–surgical phlebo–thrombosis through immediate stimulation of calf muscles, all waveforms except Microcurrent. 4. Increase of blood flow in the treatment area, all waveforms except Microcurrent. 5. Prevention or retardation of disuse atrophy in post–injury type conditions, all waveforms except Microcurrent 6. Muscle re–education, all waveforms except Microcurrent. 7. Maintaining or increasing range of motion, all waveforms except Microcurrent. 5.2 Contraindications for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation 1. Electrical neuromuscular stimulation should not be administered to individuals who are or may be pregnant. 2. Do not stimulate a patient who has a cardiac demand pacemaker. 3. Patients with implanted electronic devices should not be subjected to stimulation. 4. Placement of electrodes across the chest laterally or anterior/posterior creates a possible hazard with cardiac patients and is therefore not recommended. Do not use transthoracically in any mode. Great care should be exercised in applying the electrical stimulus current to any region of the thorax because the stimulus current may produce cardiac arrhythmia. In patients with known heart disease, electrical stimulation should be used only after careful physician evaluation and patient instruction. 5. Place electrodes in such a way to avoid stimulation of the carotid sinus (neck) region. 29 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 6. Patients with arterial or venous thrombosis, or thrombophlebitis are at risk of developing embolisms when electrical stimulation is applied over or adjacent to the vessels containing the thrombus. If a patient has a history of deep vein thrombosis, even many years past, the affected area should not be stimulated. 7. Do not use over swollen, infected, or inflamed areas. Do not place electrodes over skin eruptions. 8. Fresh fractures should not be stimulated in order to avoid unwanted motion. 9. Do not apply stimulation transcerebrally (through the head). 10. Do not use on cancer patients. 11. Stimulation should not be applied immediately following trauma or to tissues susceptible to hemorrhage. 12. Positioning electrodes over the neck or mouth may cause severe spasm of the laryngeal or pharyngeal muscles. These contractions may be strong enough to close the airway or cause difficulty in breathing. 13. Do not apply stimulation for undiagnosed pain syndromes, until etiology is established. 14. Do not apply electrodes directly over the eyes or inside body cavities. 15. Do not use electrical stimulation in conjunction with high frequency surgical equipment or microwave or shortwave therapy systems. 5.3 Warnings for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation 1. Electrical stimulation is ineffective for pain of central origin. 2. Electrical stimulation must be applied by a physician or other qualified practitioner and should be used for only the prescribed purposes. 3. Electrical stimulation is of no curative value. 4. Electrical stimulation is a symptomatic treatment and as such suppresses the sensation of pain, which could serve as a protective mechanism. 5. The safety of electrical stimulators for use on children has not been determined. Keep out of reach of children. 6. Electronic monitoring equipment (such as ECG monitors and ECG alarms) may not operate properly when electrical stimulation is in use. 5.4 Precautions for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation 1. 30 Care should be taken in the treatment of patients receiving another type of electrotherapeutic treatment (such as conventional TENS) or having indwelling electrodes, lead wires, or transmitters (for electrophrenic pacing or cerebellar or urinary bladder stimulation). Stimulation currents should not cross the lead wires or electrodes. Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 2. It is advisable to insulate patients, preferably by use of a wooden treatment table or one that is completely padded by non–conductive material. Added safety is provided if the patient cannot touch any grounded metal parts. 3. Limit treatment intensity to 50 mA (50 V) or less, when using small electrodes (2" X 2", pencil or smaller), to reduce the chance of thermal burns due to high current density. Avoid current densities exceeding 2 mA/cm² when using this device. 4. Isolated cases of skin irritation may occur at the site of electrode placement following long–term application. 5. Avoid placing electrodes directly over open wounds since current density tends to concentrate in these areas. 6. Use extreme caution when treating desensitized areas or on patients who may not be able to report discomfort or pain. 7. Use caution in applying electrical stimulation over areas where there is a loss of normal skin sensation. 8. Adequate precautions should be taken in the case of persons with suspected or diagnosed epilepsy. 9. Patients should not be left unattended during any treatment. 10. Care should be taken following recent surgical procedures when muscle contraction may disrupt the healing process. 11. Do not apply electrical stimulation over the menstruating uterus. 12. The long–term effects of chronic electrical stimulation are unknown. 13. Effectiveness for pain management is highly dependent upon patient selection by a person qualified in the management of pain patients. 14. Turn on the Sys*Stim 294 before applying electrodes to the patient. 5.5 Side Effects/Adverse Reactions for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation 1. Skin irritation and burns beneath the electrodes have been reported with the use of electrical muscle stimulators. 2. Possible allergic reactions to tape, gel or electrodes may occur. 31 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 32 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Section 6—Maintenance and Troubleshooting 6.1 Cleaning the Sys*Stim 294 1. The Sys*Stim 294 can be wiped off with a damp cloth. The power cord should be disconnected from the unit before this is done. In the case of stubborn dirt a gentle household cleaner can be sprayed on the cloth and then wiped on the unit. If this method is used, remove any cleaner residue with a damp cloth. Do not spray cleaner into the vents of the unit. 2. Follow the EZ Trode package insert for the use and care of the electrodes supplied with the Sys*Stim 294. 3. For routine cleaning of the electrode cables use soap and water. Thoroughly dry after cleaning. 6.2 Routine Maintenance 1. Standard medical electrical safety checks should be performed annually by qualified biomedical engineers or technicians trained to perform these procedures. 2. Inspect electrode cables and associated connectors for damage. 6.3 Troubleshooting the Sys*Stim 294 Symptom 1. Nothing lights when main power switch is turned on. Action Is line cord connected to outlet? Does the outlet have power? Unit may require servicing if none of the above resolve the problem. 2. “E60_” displayed in Time window. There is an output voltage error for electrical stimulation. If powering unit OFF and restarting does not remove error, the unit requires servicing. 3. “E70_” displayed in Time window. If E7 occurs during the treatment the patient connection impedance may be increasing because the electrodes are drying out or lifting from the patient. 33 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 If E7 occurs when the output is first being adjusted, it may mean the electrodes or cables are not making a good circuit. Check cable and electrode connections and make sure electrodes are making good contact with the patient. In the continuous treatment modes the output voltage is reduced while the unit monitors the impedance of the patient connection. If the unit is in amplitude modulated modes, such as recip or surge, this patient connection error causes the unit to go into the HOLD mode. All patient connection errors should be investigated to determine their cause. 4. “E80_” displayed in Time window. An output overcurrent has been detected. Current exceeded 70 mA RMS for interferential, 55 mA for premodulated, and medium frequency or 105 mA peak for biphasic. Reposition electrodes farther apart. Remove any moisture or gel from between the electrodes and try again. If error persists even without a patient connection or load, unit requires servicing. 5. “E90_” displayed in Time window. Output error for electrical stimulation has been detected. Remove electrode cables from unit and restart. Replace electrode cables onto unit. Reprogram treatment and try starting treatment session again. If powering unit OFF and restarting does not remove error, the unit requires servicing. 6. “F1__” displayed in Time window. There has been a communication error between the microprocessors. If powering unit OFF and restarting does not remove error, unit requires servicing. 7. “F2__” displayed in Time window. There has been a self-test error— If powering unit OFF and restarting with all the electrode cables removed does not remove error, the unit requires servicing. 8. “F3 _” displayed in Time window. There has been a power supply error— If powering unit OFF and restarting does not remove error, the unit requires servicing. If problem is not addressed above, or if additional troubleshooting guidance is desired, call (800) 854-9305 or email service directly at firstname.lastname@example.org. The distributor who sold the Sys*Stim 294 should be able to assist you with a loaner unit during warranty service. 34 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Section 7—References 1. Baker, L.L., Bowman, B.R., and McNeal, D.R.: “Effects of Waveform on Comfort During Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation”, Clinical Orthopedics and Related Research, No. 233, pp. 75–85, August, 1988. 2. Belcher, J.: "Interferential Therapy", N.Z. Journal of Physiotherapy, 6:29-34, 1974. 3. Benton, L., et al.: Functional Electrical Stimulation – A Practical Guide, Rancho Los Amigos Hospital, 1981. 4. Bowman, B.R. and Baker, L.L.: “Effects of Waveform Parameters on Comfort During Transcutaneous Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation”, Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 13, pp. 59–74, 1985. 5. Brooks, M.E., Smith, E.M., and Currier, D.P.: “Effect of Longitudinal Versus Transverse Electrode Placement on Torque Production by the Quadriceps Femoris Muscle during Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation”, JOSPT, 11:11, pp. 530–534. 6. De Dominico, G.: New Dimensions in Interferential Therapy, A Theoretical and Clinical Guide, Reid Medical Books, Sydney, 1987. 7. De Dominico, G.: "Motor Stimulation with Interferential Currents", Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, 31:225-230, 1985. 8. De Dominico, G.: "Pain Relief with Interferential Therapy", Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, 28:14-18, 1982. 9. DeLitto, A. and Snyder–Mackler, L.: “Two Theories of Muscle Strength Augmentation Using Percutaneous Electrical Stimulation”, Physical Therapy, (70:158–164), 1990 10. Electrotherapy Standards Committee of the Section on Clinical Electrophysiology of the American Physical Therapy Association. Electrotherapeutic Terminology in Physical Therapy, APTA, 1990. 11. Ganne, J. M. "Interferential Therapy", Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, 22:101-110, 1976. 12. Hayes, K.W.: A Manual for Physical Agents, Appleton & Lange, 1993. 13. Hecox, B., Mehreteab, T.A. and Weisberg, J.: Physical Agents—A Comprehensive Text for Physical Therapists, Appleton & Lange, 1994. 14. Kahn, J.: Principles and Practice of Electrotherapy, Churchill Livingstone, 1987. 15. Killian, C.B.: “Electrical Stimulation Overview, Introduction to High Frequency Stimulation”, Stimulus, 1986. 16. Kottke, F.J., Stillwell, G.K. and Lehman, J.F., eds.: Krusen's Handbook of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, W.B. Saunders Company, 1982. 17. Low, J. and Reed, A.: Electrotherapy Explained—Principles and practice, Butterworth– Heinemann, 1994. 35 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 18. Jaskoviak, P.A. and Schafer, R.C.: Applied Physiotherapy – Practical Clinical Applications with Emphasis on the Management of Pain and Related Syndromes, Associated Chiropractic Academic Press (A.C.A.), 1986. 19. Jorgenson, S. P. "Interferential Therapy", ACA Journal of Chiropractic, 23:12, 28-30, 1986. 20. Kahn, Joseph.: Principles and Practice of Electrotherapy, Churchill Livingstone, New York, 1987. 21. Kottke, F.J.; Stillwell, G.K.; and Lehman, J.F. ed. Krusen’s Handbook of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1982. 22. Mannheimer, J.S. and Lampe, G.N: Clinical Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, F. A. Davis Company, 1984. 23. Nelson, R.M. and Currier D.P.: Clinical Electrotherapy, Appleton and Lange, 1991. 24. Nikolova, L.: Treatment with Interferential Current, Churchill Livingstone, 1987. 25. Prentice, W.E.: Therapeutic Modalities in Sports Medicine, Times Mirror/Mosby College Publishing, 1990. 26. Savage, B. Interferential Therapy, Faber and Faber, Boston, 1984. 27. Selkowitz, D.M.: “Improvement in Isometric Strength of the Quadriceps Femoris Muscle After Training with Electrical Stimulation”, Physical Therapy, (65:186–196), 1985. 28. Snyder–Mackler, L. and Robinson, A. J., eds.: Clinical Electrophysiology, Electrotherapy and Electrophysiologic Testing, Williams and Wilkins, 1989. 29. Starkey, C.: Therapeutic Modalities for Athletic Trainers, F. A. Davis Company, 1993. 30. Wadsworth, H. and Chanmugam, A.P.P.: Electrophysical Agents in Physiotherapy – Therapeutic and Diagnostic Use, Science Press, Marrickville NSW 2204 Australia, 1983. 31. Wilkie, C. D. "Interferential Therapy", Physiotherapy, 55: 503-506, 1969. 32. Wolf, S.L., ed.: Electrotherapy, Churchill Livingstone, New York, 1981. This manual has been written as a guideline for the correct use of the Sys*Stim 294 Sys*Stim 294. Reading the above references will provide a more complete understanding of the correct use of neuromuscular stimulation. 36 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Section 8—Specifications 8.1 General Specifications: Input: 90–240 VAC, 50–60 Hz, 2.3 Amp Nom. ETL and C-ETL Listed: Model ME 294 (9801427) Year 2000 Compliant Yes Weight: 9.4 pounds Dimensions: 5 in (H) x 14.5 in (W) x 10 in (D) Operating Temperature: +50°F to +104°F Humidity: Operating, 30% to 75% Relative Humidity at 104F Nonoperating, 5 to 95% Relative Humidity, noncondensing Storage Temperature: -40°F to 167°F Timer Accuracy: ±30 seconds Maximum Treatment Time: 60 minutes–electrical stimulation Treatment Timer: Treatment time counts down to zero when a time is set, or up to 60 minutes when no time is set. The digital timer indicates time in minutes and seconds. The timer also indicates the remaining or elapsed treatment time during the “Hold” period. 8.2 Waveform Specifications: Interferential Mode Figure 8.1—Interferential Waveform Waveform Type: Polarity: Volts: Current: Average current at maximum intensity and frequency: Maximum current density under 2" diameter electrode. Frequency: Frequency Modulation: Sinewave None 0–65 volts RMS, 1 Kohm load 0–65 mA RMS, 1 Kohm load 65 mA RMS 3.2 mA/cm² Channel 1 = 4000 Hz Channel 2 = 4000 to 4250 Hz variable frequency sine wave 1–15 Hz 80–150 Hz 1–150 Hz 37 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 Phase Duration: Available Amplitude Modulation Options: Available Channels: xx–xx Hz, xx=any value from 1 to 250 Hz 125 s Vector rotation Channel pairs 1 & 2 or 3 &4 Premodulated Mode Waveform Type: Polarity: Volts: Current: Figure 8.2—Premodulated Waveform Average current at maximum intensity and frequency: Maximum current density under 2" diameter electrode. Frequency: Frequency Modulation: Phase Duration: Available Amplitude Modulation Options: Available Channels: 38 Amplitude modulated sine wave None 0–50 volts RMS, 1 Kohm load 0–50 mA RMS, 1 Kohm load 50 mA RMS 2.5 mA/cm² 4,000 Hz 1–15 Hz 80–150 Hz 1–150 Hz xx–xx Hx, xx=any value from 1 to 250 Hz 125 s internal sine wave 4–1,000 ms beat envelope Continuous Surge Reciprocation All Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Medium Frequency Mode Waveform Type: Polarity: Volts: Current: Average current at maximum intensity and frequency: Figure 8.3—Medium Frequency Maximum current (Russian) Waveform density under 2" diameter electrode. Frequency: Frequency Modulation: Phase Duration: Available Amplitude Modulation Options: Available Channels: Burst modulated sine wave None 0–50 volts RMS, 1 Kohm load 0–50 mA RMS, 1 Kohm load 50 mA RMS 2.5 mA/cm² 2500 Hz, Burst at 10 ms on and 10 ms off No 200 s Continuous Surge Reciprocation All Biphasic Mode Waveform Type: Polarity: Volts: Current: Average current at maximum intensity Figure 8.4—Biphasic Waveform and frequency: Maximum current density under 2" diameter electrode. Frequency: Frequency Modulation: Phase Duration: Available Amplitude Modulation Options: Available Channels: Symmetrical biphasic square wave None 99 volts peak, 1 Kohm load 0 –99 mA peak, 1 Kohm load 7.2 mA 0.36 mA/cm² 1–120 Hz No 50–300 s Continuous Surge Reciprocation All 39 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 High Volt Mode 500 volts 8 us 50 % 0 volts 75 us Figure 8.5—High Volt Waveform Waveform Type: Polarity: Volts: Current: Average current at maximum intensity and frequency: Maximum current density under 2" diameter electrode. Frequency: Frequency Modulation: Phase Duration: Polarity: Available Amplitude Modulation Options: Available Channels: Monophasic twin peak Positive or negative 500 volts peak, 1 Kohm load 0 –500 mA peak, 1 Kohm load 1.2 mA at 120 pps with 1 Kohm load 0.06 mA/cm² 1–120 Hz No 8 s at 50% Vmax Positive or negative Continuous Surge Channel One only Microcurrent Mode Waveform Type: + Polarity: - or + - Figure 8.6—Microcurrent Waveform 40 Volts: Current: Average current at maximum intensity and frequency: Maximum current density under 2" diameter electrode. Frequency: Duty Cycle: Frequency Modulation: Pulse Duration: Available Amplitude Modulation Options: Available Channels: Monophasic or biphasic square wave Positive or negative or biphasic pulses 1 Volt peak, 1 Kohm load 10-990 A peak, 1 Kohm load 990 A 24.4 A/cm² 0.5-500 Hz 50% No 1-1000 ms Continuous Channel Two only Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 8.3 Amplitude Modulation Specifications: Vector rotation: Interferential Mode Only, -50% amplitude modulation in anti phase with an eight second modulation period. Surge Mode: Premodulated, Medium Frequency, High Volt and Biphasic Pulsed Modes 3 seconds 2 seconds 10 seconds on, 10 seconds off 10 seconds on, 20 seconds off 10 seconds on, 30 seconds off 10 seconds on, 40 seconds off 10 seconds on, 50 seconds off 10 seconds on, 60 seconds off 1–240 seconds 1–240 seconds Up ramp: Down ramp: Preset on/off times: Programmable On time: Programmable Off time: Reciprocation mode: Up and down ramps: Reciprocation time: Combine with Surge: Premodulated, Medium Frequency and Biphasic Pulsed Modes 1 second, reciprocation only 2–240 seconds, (On time = off time) Use up and down ramps of surge program Use on/off times of surge program. 41 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 42 Sys*Stim 294 Instruction Manual— Rev.E_07/02/12 Section 9—Accessories 9.1 Ordering Information: Therapy products and accessories are available from Mettler Electronics authorized Distributors. For information regarding either Mettler products or a distributor near you, please call toll free, (800) 854–9305 or phone (714) 533–2221 in areas outside the continental United States. Ask for Customer Service. Mettler Electronics is open from 7 AM until 5 PM Pacific Time for your convenience. The email address for Customer Service is email@example.com. 9.2 Sys*Stim 294 Accessories Catalogue # Item Description 2000 4 Sponge electrodes (2" x 2") 2001 24 Sponge inserts (2" x 2") 2002 4 Sponge electrodes (4" x 4") 2003 24 Sponge inserts (4" x 4") 2004 1 Sponge electrode (3.5" x 7") 2005 12 Sponge inserts (3.5" x 7") 2006 1 Sponge electrode (8" x 10") 2007 12 Sponge inserts (8" x 10") 2008 4 Electrode straps (24") 2009 4 Electrode straps (48") 2023 Pencil electrode set with push button stimulation control, (includes handle, 4 different sizes of stainless steel spot electrode tips, and carrying case) 2027 Pin to banana adapter plug set to be used with ME 2026, 2260 or 2201 electrode cables. Four each, gray. 2030 Bifurcated cord set, one red and one black, , pin termination 2221 EZ Trode – 2" diameter round self–adhering, reusable electrodes with lead wires; case of ten packages (four electrodes/pkg.) 2222 EZ Trode – 2.75" diameter round self–adhering, reusable electrodes with lead wires; case of ten packages (four electrodes/pkg.) 2223 EZ Trode – 2" x 5" self–adhering, reusable electrodes with lead wires, case of 10 packages (2 electrodes/pkg.) 2224 EZ Trode – 2" square self–adhering, reusable electrodes with lead wires; case of ten packages (four electrodes/pkg.) 2260 Electrode cable for the Sys*Stim 294 with pins 43 Mettler Electronics Corp.— Rev.E_07/02/12 2702 V Trode –2" diameter round electrodes with lead wires, case of ten packages (four electrodes/pkg.) 2703 V Trode –2.75" diameter round electrodes with lead wires, case of 10 packages (four electrodes/pkg.) 2704 V Trode –2" x 4" oval electrodes with lead wires, case of 10 packages (four electrodes/pkg.) 2705 V Trode –2" square electrodes with lead wires, case of 10 packages (four electrodes/pkg.) 7293 Detachable U.L. listed, hospital–grade line cord 73 9900 44 Three-shelf mobile cart for all Sonicator Plus products. Holds unit on the top shelf with lower shelves for accessories. Electrical Stimulation & Ultrasound Pocket Guide by Michelle H. Cameron. Designed for use with the Sys*Stim 294.
* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project