Allied Telesis AT-GS900/5E Installation guide

Allied Telesis AT-GS900/5E Installation guide
Gigabit eco-friendly
Ethernet Switches
AT-GS900/16
AT-GS900/24
Installation Guide
613-001351 Rev. A
Copyright © 2010 Allied Telesis, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesis, Inc.
Allied Telesis and the Allied Telesis logo are trademarks of Allied Telesis, Incorporated. All other product names, company
names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners
Electrical Safety and Emissions Standards
This product meets the following standards.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Radiated Energy
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device pursuant to Part 15
of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with this instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case
the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Note: Modifications or changes not expressly approved of by the manufacturer or the FCC, can void your right to operate
this equipment.
Industry Canada
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
European Union Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances
(RoHS) in Electrical and Electronic Equipment
This Allied Telesis RoHS-compliant product conforms to the European Union Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous
Substances (RoHS) in Electrical and Electronic Equipment. Allied Telesis ensures RoHS conformance by requiring
supplier Declarations of Conformity, monitoring incoming materials, and maintaining manufacturing process controls.
RFI Emissions FCC Class A
CISPR 22 Class A
EN55022 Class A: 2006+A1:2007 version
Warning: In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in
which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
Immunity
EN55024
Electrical Safety
UL – USA (UL60950-1)
LVD (EN60950-1, 2nd edition)
CSA or cUL – Canada
C-Tick – Australia
CE Mark
3
Translated Safety Statements
Important: The symbol indicates that a translation of the safety statement is available in a PDF
document titled “Translated Safety Statements”. This is posted on the Allied Telesis website at
http://www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software/. Refer to “Where to Find Web-based Product
Documentation” on page 13 to navigate to this document.
4
Contents
Preface ............................................................................................................................................................ 11
Safety Symbols Used in this Document ..................................................................................................... 12
Where to Find Web-based Guides............................................................................................................. 13
Contacting Allied Telesis............................................................................................................................ 14
Online Support..................................................................................................................................... 14
Email and Telephone Support ............................................................................................................. 14
Returning Products.............................................................................................................................. 14
Sales or Corporate Information ........................................................................................................... 14
Warranty .............................................................................................................................................. 14
Management Software Updates .......................................................................................................... 14
Chapter 1: Product Description ...................................................................................................................... 16
Features ..................................................................................................................................................... 17
Components............................................................................................................................................... 18
Hardware Feature Description ................................................................................................................... 19
Twisted Pair Ports ............................................................................................................................... 19
eco-friendly Switch .............................................................................................................................. 21
LEDs.................................................................................................................................................... 21
AC Power Connector........................................................................................................................... 22
Ethernet Switching Basics.......................................................................................................................... 23
MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................................ 23
Duplex Mode ....................................................................................................................................... 23
Store and Forward............................................................................................................................... 24
Backpressure and Flow Control .......................................................................................................... 24
Chapter 2: Installation ..................................................................................................................................... 26
Reviewing Safety Precautions ................................................................................................................... 27
Selecting a Site for the Switch ................................................................................................................... 29
Planning the Installation ............................................................................................................................. 30
Unpacking the Switch................................................................................................................................. 31
Installing the Switch on a Table or Desktop ............................................................................................... 32
Installing the Switch on a Wall ................................................................................................................... 34
Installing the Switch in a Rack ................................................................................................................... 37
Chapter 3: Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................ 41
Appendix A: Technical Specifications ............................................................................................................ 42
Physical Specifications............................................................................................................................... 42
Environmental Specifications ..................................................................................................................... 42
Power Specifications.................................................................................................................................. 42
Safety and Electromagnetic Emissions Certifications ................................................................................ 43
Compliance Standards............................................................................................................................... 43
RJ-45 Twisted Pair Port Connectors.......................................................................................................... 44
5
Contents
6
Figures
Figure 1. Front Panels .........................................................................................................................................................18
Figure 2. Back Panels .........................................................................................................................................................18
Figure 3. eco-friendly Switch ...............................................................................................................................................21
Figure 4. Port LEDs .............................................................................................................................................................21
Figure 5. Attaching the Rubber Feet ...................................................................................................................................32
Figure 6. Connecting the AC Power Connector to Switch ...................................................................................................33
Figure 7. Attaching the brackets to the sides of the switch..................................................................................................34
Figure 8. Attaching the switch to the wall ............................................................................................................................35
Figure 9. Removing the Feet ...............................................................................................................................................37
Figure 10. Attaching Rack Mounting Brackets.....................................................................................................................37
Figure 11. Rack Mounting the Switch ..................................................................................................................................38
Figure 12. RJ-45 Connector and Port Pin Layout................................................................................................................44
7
Figures
8
Tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Table 7.
Safety Symbols .....................................................................................................................................................12
eco-friendly Switch Functions ...............................................................................................................................21
System and Port LEDs .........................................................................................................................................22
Twisted Pair Cabling and Distances .....................................................................................................................30
MDI Pin Signals (10Base-T or 100Base-TX) ........................................................................................................44
MDI-X Pin Signals (10Base-T or 100Base-TX) ....................................................................................................44
RJ-45 1000Base-T Connector Pinouts .................................................................................................................45
9
List of Tables
10
Preface
This guide contains instructions on how to install the AT-GS900/16 and
AT-GS900/24 Gigabit Ethernet Switches. This preface contains the
following sections:
ˆ
“Safety Symbols Used in this Document” on page 12
ˆ
“Where to Find Web-based Guides” on page 13
ˆ
“Contacting Allied Telesis” on page 14
11
Preface
Safety Symbols Used in this Document
This document uses the safety symbols defined in Table 1.
Table 1. Safety Symbols
Symbol
12
Meaning
Description
Caution
Performing or omitting a specific action may
result in equipment damage or loss of data.
Warning
Performing or omitting a specific action may
result in electrical shock.
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
Where to Find Web-based Guides
The product documentation for all Allied Telesis products are available in
portable document format (PDF) on our web site. Go to
http://www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software/.
Enter your hardware product model in the Search by Product Name
field; for example, enter AT-GS900/16 or AT-GS900/24. You can view the
documents online or download them onto your local workstation or server.
13
Preface
Contacting Allied Telesis
This section provides Allied Telesis contact information for technical
support as well as sales and corporate information.
Online Support
You can request technical support online by accessing the Allied Telesis
Knowledge Base: www.alliedtelesis.com/support/kb.aspx. You can use
the Knowledge Base to submit questions to our technical support staff and
review answers to previously asked questions.
Email and
Telephone
Support
For Technical Support via email or telephone, refer to the Support &
Services section of the Allied Telesis web site: www.alliedtelesis.com.
Select your country from the list displayed on the website. then select the
appropriate menu tab.
Returning
Products
Products for return or repair must first be assigned a return materials
authorization (RMA) number. A product sent to Allied Telesis without an
RMA number will be returned to the sender at the sender’s expense.
To obtain an RMA number, contact the Allied Telesis Technical Support
group at our web site: www.alliedtelesis.com/support/rma. Select your
country from the list displayed on the website. Then select the appropriate
menu tab.
Sales or
Corporate
Information
Warranty
Management
Software Updates
You can contact Allied Telesis for sales or corporate information through
our web site: www.alliedtelesis.com. To find the contact information for
your country, select Contact Us -> Worldwide Contacts.
Go to www.alliedtelesis.com/support/warranty for specific terms and
conditions of the warranty and for warranty registration for the
AT-GS900/16 or AT-GS900/24 switch.
New releases of management software for our managed products are
available on our Allied Telesis web site at
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
Go to “Where to Find Web-based Guides” on page 13 for instructions on
navigating to this information.
14
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
15
Chapter 1
Product Description
The AT-GS900/16 and AT-GS900/24 switches are low operating power,
unmanaged, Layer 2 Fanless Gigabit Ethernet switches designed to
simplify the task of creating or expanding an Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, or
Gigabit Ethernet network.
This chapter contains the follows sections:
ˆ
“Features” on page 17
ˆ
“Components” on page 18
ˆ
“Hardware Feature Description” on page 19
ˆ
“Ethernet Switching Basics” on page 23
16
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
Features
AT-GS900/16 and AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet switches
features include:
ˆ
Silent fanless operation
ˆ
Power saving port features on each port including:
–
Cable Length detection and power minimization
–
Link-Down power savings
ˆ
LED disable mode
ˆ
16 or 24 x 10/100/1000Mbps auto-sensing, switching ports
ˆ
MAC address table:
ˆ
–
AT-GS900/16: Up to 8K MAC address table
–
AT-GS900/24: Up to 16K MAC address table
Packet Buffer
–
AT-GS900/16: 2 Mb
–
AT-GS900/24: 3.5 Mb
ˆ
Back pressure for half-duplex operation
ˆ
IEEE 802.3x flow control for full duplex operation
ˆ
Support for Jumbo Frames up to 9216 Bytes
ˆ
Wire speed performance
ˆ
Non-blocking architecture
ˆ
Auto-negotiation Gigabit ports
ˆ
Auto MDI/MDI-X
ˆ
Transparent to VLAN tagged packets
ˆ
Rack Mount Brackets able to turn 90 degrees for Wall mount
ˆ
1U chassis high
ˆ
Internal power supply
17
Chapter 1: Product Description
Components
Figure 1 illustrates the front panels of the AT-GS900/16 and AT-GS900/24
switches.
AT-GS900/16
AT-GS900/16
1000 LINK
16 Port 10/100/1000Base-T Gigabit Ethernet Switch
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
POWER 2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
FDX
3
5
7
9
11
13
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
ACT
10/100 LINK
COL
ACT
1
HDX
15
16
1896
16 - 10/100/1000Base Twisted Pair Ports
System / Port LEDS
AT-GS900/24
AT-GS900/24
1000 LINK
24 Port 10/100/1000Base-T Gigabit Ethernet Switch
POWER
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
ACT
10/100 LINK
ACT
FDX
HDX
COL
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
1897
System / Port LEDS
24 - 10/100/1000Base Twisted Pair Ports
Figure 1. Front Panels
Figure 2 illustrates the back panels of the AT-GS900/16 and AT-GS900/24
switches.
AT-GS900/16
100-240~ V A C
1899
AC Power Connector
AT-GS900/24
100-240~ V A C
1899
AC Power Connector
Figure 2. Back Panels
18
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
Hardware Feature Description
The following sections describe hardware features of the AT-GS900/16
and AT-GS900/24 Fanless Gigabit Ethernet switches:
Twisted Pair
Ports
ˆ
System and Port LEDs
ˆ
Twisted Pair Ports
ˆ
AC Power Connector
The AT-GS900/16 Fanless Gigabit Ethernet switch features 16 twisted
pair ports, and the AT-GS900/24 Fanless Gigabit Ethernet switch features
24 twisted pair ports.
Type of Connector
The twisted pair ports feature 8-pin RJ-45 connectors. (For the port
pinouts, refer to “RJ-45 Twisted Pair Port Connectors” on page 44.)
Speed
Each port is 10/100/1000Base-T compliant and is capable of 10, 100, or
1000 Mbps speed, respectively. The ports are IEEE 802.3u AutoNegotiation compliant. With Auto-Negotiation, the switch automatically
matches the highest possible common speed between each switch port
and each end-node. For example, if an end-node is capable of only 10
Mbps, the switch sets the port connected to the end-node to 10 Mbps.
Duplex Mode
Each twisted pair port on the switch can operate in either half- or full
duplex mode. The twisted pair ports are IEEE 802.3u-compliant and will
Auto-Negotiate the duplex mode setting.
Note
For the switch to set the duplex mode for each port correctly, the
end-nodes that you connect to the switch ports should also use
Auto-Negotiation. Otherwise, a duplex mode mismatch can occur,
affecting network performance. For further information, refer to
“Duplex Mode” on page 23.
19
Chapter 1: Product Description
Maximum Distance
Each twisted pair port has a maximum operating distance of 100 m
(328 feet).
Type of Cabling
For 10 Mbps operation, Category 3 or better 100 ohm shielded or
unshielded twisted pair cabling is required. For 100 or 1000 Mbps
operation, Category 5 and Enhanced Category 5 (5E) 100 ohm shielded
or unshielded twisted pair cabling is required.
Auto MDI/MDI-X
All of the ports on the switch are auto-MDI and IEEE 802.3ab-compatible.
Since each port's speed and duplex mode are set through AutoNegotiation, the port uses the auto-MDI feature to automatically configure
itself as MDI or MDI-X when connected to an end-node. Consequently,
you can use either a straight-through or crossover twisted pair cable when
connecting any network device to a port.
Green Power Saving Ports
All Ethernet ports support the power saving functions including Link-Down
and Cable Length power savings. The greatest power savings occur when
all 8 ports’ linked status is down and the ports are inactive. The switch
uses the most power when all 8 ports are linked up to via Ethernet cables
that are the maximum length or 100 meters.
When a link is not established on an individual port, the switch controller
automatically reduces the power supplied to the port’s circuitry to an idle
level. The greater the number of ports that are not linked up results in a
greater cumulative power savings for the switch.
When a link is established on an individual port, the power provided to the
PHY circuitry is based on the length of the Ethernet cable that you connect
to the port. Full power is provided to the port’s circuitry if the cable length
is detected to be the maximum specified cable length or 100 m. If the
cable length is shorter than this, the switch senses the cable length and
reduces the available port power in proportion to the detected cable
length. This feature provides power efficiencies for the port even when it is
actively linked to another network device.
20
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
eco-friendly
Switch
The eco-friendly switch on the front panel is multi-functional and shown in
Figure 3. It may be used to enable all the port LEDs (out position) or
conserve power by turning off the port LEDs (in position). The switch
functions are described in Table 2.
POW
1902
Figure 3. eco-friendly Switch
Table 2. eco-friendly Switch Functions
Action
Results
OFF (Out position)
All front panel LEDs are enabled.
ON (In position)
All front panel LEDs are disabled for power
conservation with the exception of the POWER LED,
which remains active at all times.
LEDs
The system and port LEDs on the front panel of the AT-GS900/16 and
AT-GS900/24 switches display the switch and its port status information.
See Figure 4. Each port has two LEDs.
AT-GS900/16
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
POWER 2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
1907
AT-GS900/24
POWER
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
1908
Figure 4. Port LEDs
21
Chapter 1: Product Description
Table 3 describes the system and port LEDs on the AT-GS900/16 and
AT-GS900/24 switches.
Table 3. System and Port LEDs
LED
POWER
L/A
D/C
AC Power
Connector
State
Description
Green
The switch is powered ON and operating
normally.
OFF
The switch has no power.
Solid Green
A valid 1000 Mbps link is established on
the port.
Solid
Orange
A valid 10 or 100 Mbps link is
established on the port.
Blinking
Green
A 1000 Mbps packet transmission and
reception is in process on the port.
Blinking
Orange
A 10/100 Mbps packet transmission and
reception is in process on the port.
OFF
No link is established on the port.
Solid Green
A full-duplex link is established on the
port.
Blinking
Green
The port is experiencing a collision in
half duplex mode.
OFF
A half-duplex link is established on the
port.
Both the AT-GS900/16 and AT-GS900/24 switches have a single AC
power supply socket on the back panel. To power ON or OFF the switch,
you connect or disconnect the power cord.
See Figure 2 on page 18 for an illustration of the back panels. For the
input voltage range, refer to Appendix A, ”Power Specifications” on page
42.
22
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
Ethernet Switching Basics
An Ethernet switch interconnects network devices, such as workstations,
printers, routers, and other Ethernet switches, so that they can
communicate with each other by sending and receiving Ethernet frames.
MAC Address
Table
Every hardware device on your network has a unique MAC address. This
address is assigned to the device by the device’s manufacturer. For
example, when you install a Network Interface Card (NIC) in a computer
so that you can connect it to the network, the NIC already has a MAC
address assigned to it by its manufacturer.
The AT-GS900/16 can store up to 8000 MAC addresses in its MAC
address table and the AT-GS900/24 can store up to 16,000 entries. Each
switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network endnodes connected to the ports, along with the port number on which each
address was learned.
A switch learns the MAC addresses of the end-nodes by examining the
source address of each packet received on a port. It adds the address and
port on which the packet was received to the MAC table (if the address
has not already been entered in the table). The result is a table that
contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the
switch’s ports, and the port number where each address was learned.
When the switch receives a packet, it also examines the destination
address and, by referring to its MAC address table, determines the port on
which the destination end-node is connected. It then forwards the packet
to the appropriate port and to the end-node. This increases network
bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port where the
intended end-node is located, freeing the other switch ports for receiving
and transmitting data.
If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the
MAC address table, it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch.
When the destination end-node responds, the switch adds its MAC
address and port number to the table.
If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the
same port on which the packet was received, it discards the packet without
forwarding it on to any port. Since both the source end-node and the
destination end-node for the packet are located on the same port on the
switch, there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet.
Duplex Mode
Duplex mode refers to how an end-node receives and transmits data. If an
end-node can either receive or transmit data, but not both simultaneously,
23
Chapter 1: Product Description
the end-node is operating in what is referred to as half-duplex mode. If an
end-node can both receive and transmit data simultaneously, the endnode is said to be operating in full-duplex mode. Naturally, an end-node
capable of operating in full-duplex can handle data much faster than an
end-node that can only operate in half-duplex mode.
The twisted pair ports on the AT-GS900/16 and AT-GS900/24 switches
can operate in half- or full-duplex mode for 10/100 Mbps and full-duplex
for 1000 Mbps. They are IEEE 802.3u-compliant and use AutoNegotiation to set the duplex mode setting for you automatically.
Store and
Forward
Both the AT-GS900/16 and AT-GS900/24 switches use store and forward
as the method for receiving and transmitting frames. When a Ethernet
frame is received on a switch port, the switch does not retransmit the
frame from the destination port until it has received the entire frame and
stored the frame in a port buffer. It then examines the frame to determine if
it is a valid frame. Invalid frames, such as fragments or runts, are
discarded by the switch. This process insures that only valid frames are
transmitted from the switch ports and that damaged frames are not
propagated on your network.
Backpressure and
Flow Control
To maintain the orderly movement of data between the end-nodes, an
Ethernet switch may periodically need to signal an end-node to stop
sending data. This can occur under several circumstances. For example, if
two end-nodes are operating at different speeds, the switch, while
transferring data between the end-nodes, might need to instruct the faster
end-node to stop transmitting data to allow the slower end-node to catch
up. An example of this would be when a server operating at 1000 Mbps is
sending data to a workstation operating at only 100 Mbps.
How a switch signals an end-node to stop transmitting data differs
depending on the duplex mode of the end-node and switch port. A twisted
pair port operating in half-duplex mode stops an end-node from
transmitting data by forcing a collision. A collision on an Ethernet network
occurs when two end-nodes attempt to transmit data using the same data
link at the same time. A collision causes an end-node to stop sending
data, wait for a brief period of time, and then retransmit the same data.
Once the switch is ready to receive data again, the switch stops forcing
collisions. This is referred to as backpressure.
A port operating in full-duplex mode uses PAUSE frames, as specified in
the IEEE 802.3x standard, to stop the transmission of data from an endnode. Whenever the switch wants an end-node to stop transmitting data, it
issues this frame. The frame instructs the end-node to cease transmission
for a period of time specified within the frame. The switch continues to
issue PAUSE frames until it is ready again to receive data from the endnode. This is referred to as flow control.
24
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
25
Chapter 2
Installation
This chapter contains the following sections:
ˆ
“Reviewing Safety Precautions” on page 27
ˆ
“Enter your hardware product model in the Search by Product Name
field; for example, enter AT-GS900/16 or AT-GS900/24. You can view
the documents online or download them onto your local workstation or
server.” on page 27
ˆ
“Planning the Installation” on page 30
ˆ
“Unpacking the Switch” on page 31
ˆ
“Installing the Switch on a Table or Desktop” on page 32
ˆ
“Installing the Switch on a Wall” on page 34
ˆ
“Installing the Switch in a Rack” on page 37
26
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
Reviewing Safety Precautions
Please review the following safety precautions before you begin to install
the switch or any of its components.The indicates that a translation of
the safety statements is available in a PDF document titled “Translated
Safety Statements”. This other product documentation is posted on the
Allied Telesis website at http://www.alliedtelesis.com/support/
software/.
Enter your hardware product model in the Search by Product Name field;
for example, enter AT-GS900/16 or AT-GS900/24. You can view the
documents online or download them onto your local workstation or server.
Warning: To prevent electric shock, do not remove the cover.
No user-serviceable parts inside. This unit contains hazardous
voltages and should only be opened by a trained and qualified
technician. To avoid the possibility of electric shock, disconnect
electric power to the product before connecting or disconnecting
the LAN cables. E1
Warning: Do not work on equipment or cables during periods of
lightning activity. E2
Warning: To prevent electric shock, do not remove the cover.
No user-serviceable parts inside. This unit contains hazardous
voltages and should only be opened by a trained and qualified
technician. To avoid the possibility of electric shock, disconnect
electric power to the product before connecting or disconnecting
the LAN cables. E3
Warning: Do not work on equipment or cables during periods of
lightning activity. E4
Warning: Power cord is used as a disconnection device. To deenergize equipment, disconnect the power cord. E5
Warning: Class I Equipment. This equipment must be earthed.
The power plug must be connected to a properly wired earth
ground socket outlet. An improperly wired socket outlet could
place hazardous voltages on accessible metal parts. E6
Pluggable Equipment. The socket outlet shall be installed near
the equipment and shall be easily accessible. E7
27
Chapter 2: Installation
Caution: Air vents must not be blocked and must have free
access to the room ambient air for cooling. E8
Warning: Operating Temperature. This product is designed for a
maximum ambient temperature of 40° degrees C. E9
All Countries: Install product in accordance with local and
National Electrical Codes. E10
Warning: Mounting of the equipment in the rack should be such
that a hazardous condition is not created due to uneven
mechanical loading. E27
Warning: Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment should
be maintained. Particular attention should be given to supply
connections other than direct connections to the branch circuits
(e.g., use of power strips). E37
If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the operating
ambient temperature of the rack environment may be greater
than the room ambient temperature. Therefore, consideration
should be given to installing the equipment in an environment
compatible with the manufacturer’s maximum rated ambient
temperature (Tmra). E38
Caution: Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such
that the amount of air flow required for safe operation of the
equipment is not compromised. E39
Caution: The unit does not contain serviceable components.
Please return damaged units for servicing. E42
28
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
Selecting a Site for the Switch
Observe the following requirements when choosing a site for your switch:
ˆ
If you plan to install the switch in an equipment rack, ensure that the
rack is safely secured and that it will not tip over. Devices in a rack
should be installed starting at the bottom, with the heavier devices
near the bottom of the rack.
ˆ
If you are installing the switch on a table, ensure that the table is level
and secure.
ˆ
The power outlet for the switch should be located near the unit and
should be easily accessible.
ˆ
The site should provide for easy access to the ports on the front of the
switch. This will make it easy for you to connect and disconnect cables,
as well as view the switch’s LEDs.
ˆ
To allow proper cooling of the switch, air flow around the unit and
through its vents on the side and rear should not be restricted.
ˆ
Do not place objects on top of the switch.
ˆ
Do not expose the switch to moisture or water.
ˆ
Ensure that the site is a dust-free environment.
ˆ
You should use dedicated power circuits or power conditioners to
supply reliable electrical power to the network devices.
29
Chapter 2: Installation
Planning the Installation
Table 4 contains the cabling specifications for the twisted pair ports.
Table 4. Twisted Pair Cabling and Distances
Speed
Type of Cable
Maximum
Operating
Distance
10 Mbps
Category 3 or better 100-ohm
shielded or unshielded twisted pair
cable
100 m (328 ft)
100 Mbps
Category 5 or Category 5E
(Enhanced) 100-ohm shielded or
unshielded twisted pair cable
100 m (328 ft)
1000 Mbps
Category 5 and Category 5E
(Enhanced) 100-ohm shielded or
unshielded twisted pair cable
100 m (328 ft)
Note
The twisted pair ports on the switch feature Auto-MDI when
operating at either 10, 100, or 1000 Mbps. Each port is individually
configured as MDI or MDI-X when connected to an end-node.
Consequently, you can use either a straight-through or crossover
twisted pair cable when connecting any network device to a twisted
pair port on the switch. For example, a port operating at 10 or 100
Mbps uses two pairs of twisted pair wiring while a port operating at
1000 Mbps uses four pairs of twisted pair wiring.
30
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
Unpacking the Switch
To unpack an AT-GS900/16 or an AT-GS900/24 switch, perform the
following procedure:
1. Remove all components from the shipping package.
Note
Store the packaging material in a safe location. You must use the
original shipping material if you need to return the unit to Allied
Telesis.
2. Place the switch on a level, secure surface.
3. Ensure the following hardware components are included in your switch
package. If any item is missing or damaged, contact your Allied Telesis
sales representative for assistance.
ˆ
One AT-GS900/16 or AT-GS900/24 Fanless Gigabit Ethernet
switch
ˆ
Two rack/wall mounting brackets
ˆ
Eight flathead Phillips screws for mounting brackets to the switch
ˆ
Four screws and anchors for attaching the switch to the wall
ˆ
Four screws for attaching the switch to the rack
ˆ
Four self-adhesive rubber feet
ˆ
AC power cord
31
Chapter 2: Installation
Installing the Switch on a Table or Desktop
To install the switch on a table or desktop, perform the following
procedure:
1. Remove all the items from the packaging and store the packaging
material in a safe place. In the event a problem occurs and you need
to return the unit, please use as much of the original shipping material
as possible.
2. Attach the four self-adhesive rubber feet to the bottom of the switch, as
shown in Figure 5.
POWER
4
2
3
1
6
5
8
7
10
9
12
11
16
14
15
13
24 Port 10/100/1000Base-T Gigabit Ethernet Switch
AT-GS900/24
18
17
20
19
22
21
24
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
18
16
20
22
24
23
1
3
5
7
9
1000 LINK
11
ACT
10/100 LINK
13
ACT
17
15
FDX
HDX
19
21
23
COL
1897
Figure 5. Attaching the Rubber Feet
3. Place the switch on a flat and secure surface, leaving ample space
around the switch for ventilation.
4. Connected the twisted pair cables to the twisted pair ports.
When connecting a twisted pair cable to a port, observe the following
guidelines:
ˆ
An RJ-45 connector should fit snugly into the port on the switch.
The tab on the connector should lock the connector into place.
ˆ
Check that you are using the appropriate type of twisted pair
cabling. Refer to “Twisted Pair Cabling and Distances” on page 30
for twisted pair cable specifications.
ˆ
Since the twisted pair port, when operating in Auto-Negotiation, is
Auto MDI/MDI-X, you can use either a straight-through or
crossover twisted pair cable to connect any type of network device
to a port on the switch. If you disable Auto-Negotiation on the port,
the port defaults to MDI-X.
32
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
5. Apply AC power to the switch by plugging the power cord into the AC
power connector on the back panel of the unit, as illustrated in
Figure 6.
100-2
40VA
C~
612
Figure 6. Connecting the AC Power Connector to Switch
6. Plug the other end or the power cord into a wall outlet.
7. Verify that the POWER LED is green. If the LED is OFF, refer to
“Troubleshooting” on page 41 for instructions.
Note
The switch perform a self-diagnostic test upon power up. This takes
about 20 seconds to complete.
8. Power ON the end-nodes connected to the switch.
9. Check that the L/A LEDs are green or blinking green for the ports
connected to end-nodes. If any of the LEDs are OFF, refer to
“Troubleshooting” on page 41 for instructions.
The switch is now ready for use.
33
Chapter 2: Installation
Installing the Switch on a Wall
To install the switch on a wall, perform the following procedure:
1. Remove all the items from the packaging and store the packaging
material in a safe place. In the event a problem occurs and you need
to return the unit, please use as much of the original shipping material
as possible.
2. Attach the two mounting brackets (provided) to the sides of the switch
using the eight flathead Phillips screws (provided), as illustrated in
Figure 7.
R
POWE
2
4
6
24
Port
8
10/10
0/1
10
12
1
as
000B
14
3
e-T
16
5
18
7
Giga
bit
20
9
24
900/ h
GS Switc
AT- Ethernet
11
22
13
24
15
17
2
19
21
23
4
6
1
8
3
10
5
12
7
K
0 LIN
100
14
9
16
T
AC
10/
11
100
K
LIN
18
T
AC 13
20
FDX 15
X
HD
22
CO
L
17
24
19
21
23
1922
Figure 7. Attaching the brackets to the sides of the switch
34
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
3. Place the switch on the wall. Then mount the switch using the plastic
anchors and screws which are shipped with the product. See Figure 8.
Warning
The switch must be mounted with the AC Power Connector facing
down to conform with UL requirements as shown in Figure 8.
R
POWE
2
4
6
24
Port
8
10/10
0/1
10
12
1
000B
14
3
ase-T
16
5
Giga
18
7
bit
20
9
24
900/ h
GS Switc
AT- Ethernet
11
22
13
24
15
17
2
19
21
23
4
6
1
8
3
10
5
12
7
100
K
0 LIN
14
9
16
T
AC
10/
11
100
K
LIN
18
T
AC 13
20
FDX 15
X
HD
22
CO
L
17
24
19
21
23
1925
Figure 8. Attaching the switch to the wall
4. Connected the twisted pair cables to the twisted pair ports.
When connecting a twisted pair cable to a port, observe the following
guidelines:
ˆ
An RJ-45 connector should fit snugly into the port on the switch.
The tab on the connector should lock the connector into place.
ˆ
Check that you are using the appropriate type of twisted pair
cabling. Refer to “Twisted Pair Cabling and Distances” on page 30
for twisted pair cable specifications.
ˆ
Since the twisted pair port, when operating in Auto-Negotiation, is
Auto MDI/MDI-X, you can use either a straight-through or
35
Chapter 2: Installation
crossover twisted pair cable to connect any type of network device
to a port on the switch. If you disable Auto-Negotiation on the port,
the port defaults to MDI-X.
5. Apply AC power to the switch by plugging the power cord into the AC
power connector on the back panel of the unit, as illustrated in
Figure 6 on page 33.
6. Plug the other end or the power cord into a wall outlet.
7. Verify that the POWER LED is green. If the LED is OFF, refer to
“Troubleshooting” on page 41 for instructions.
Note
The switch perform a self-diagnostic test upon power up. This takes
about 20 seconds to complete.
8. Power ON the end-nodes connected to the switch.
9. Check that all the L/A LEDs are green or blinking green for the ports
connected to end-nodes. If any of the LEDs are OFF, refer to
“Troubleshooting” on page 41 for instructions.
The switch is now ready for use.
36
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
Installing the Switch in a Rack
Perform the following procedure to install the switch in a standard 19-inch
rack. If you are not installing the switch in a rack, go to the next procedure.
1. Place the unit upside down on a level, secure surface.
2. If they have been previously installed, remove the self-adhesive rubber
feet from the bottom of the switch, as shown in Figure 9 using a flathead screwdriver.
Figure 9. Removing the Feet
3. Turn the switch over.
4. Attach the two rackmounting brackets (provided) to the sides of the
switch using the eight flathead Phillips screws (provided), as illustrated
in Figure 10.
24 Port
10/100/1
000B
ase-T
1
POWER
3
AT-G
S9
00/24
Gigabit
Ethernet
Switch
5
7
9 11
13
15
17
19
1
21
23
3
5
2
4
7
6
8
10
12
1000
LINK
9
14
16
18
ACT
10/10
0 LINK
11
20
22
ACT
13
24
FDX
15
2
HDX
COL
17
4
19
6
21
8
23
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
1920
Figure 10. Attaching Rack Mounting Brackets
37
Chapter 2: Installation
5. Mount the switch in the 19-inch rack using the #10-32 Phillips screws
which are shipped with the product, as illustrated in Figure 11.
24 Port
10/100/1
000B
1
POWER
ase-T
3
AT-G
S9
00/24
Gigabit
Ethernet
Switch
5
7
9 11
13
15
17
19
1
21
23
3
5
2
4
7
6
8
10
12
1000
LINK
9
14
16
18
ACT
10/10
0 LINK
11
20
22
ACT
13
24
FDX
15
2
HDX
COL
17
4
19
6
21
8
23
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
1921
Figure 11. Rack Mounting the Switch
6. Connected the twisted pair cables to the twisted pair ports.
When connecting a twisted pair cable to a port, observe the following
guidelines:
ˆ
An RJ-45 connector should fit snugly into the port on the switch.
The tab on the connector should lock the connector into place.
ˆ
Check that you are using the appropriate type of twisted pair
cabling. Refer to “Twisted Pair Cabling and Distances” on page 30
for twisted pair cable specifications.
ˆ
Since the twisted pair port, when operating in Auto-Negotiation, is
Auto MDI/MDI-X, you can use either a straight-through or
crossover twisted pair cable to connect any type of network device
to a port on the switch. If you disable Auto-Negotiation on the port,
the port defaults to MDI-X.
7. Apply AC power to the switch by plugging the power cord into the AC
power connector on the back panel of the unit, as illustrated in
Figure 6 on page 33.
8. Plug the other end or the power cord into a wall outlet.
9. Verify that either the POWER LED is green. If the LED is OFF, refer to
“Troubleshooting” on page 41 for instructions.
Note
The switch perform a self-diagnostic test upon power up. This takes
about 20 seconds to complete.
38
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
10. Power ON the end-nodes connected to the switch.
11. Check that all the L/A LEDs are green or blinking green for the ports
connected to end-nodes. If any of the LEDs are OFF, refer to
“Troubleshooting” on page 41 for instructions.
The switch is now ready for use.
39
Chapter 2: Installation
40
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
This chapter contains information on how to troubleshoot the switch in the
event that a problem occurs.
Note
If you are still unable to resolve the problem after following the
instructions in this chapter, contact ATI Technical Support for
assistance. Refer to “Contacting Allied Telesis” on page 14.
Check the POWER LED on the front of the switch. If the LED is OFF,
indicating that the unit is not receiving power, do the following:
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
Ensure that the power cord is securely connected to the power source
and to the AC connector on the back panel of the switch.
Verify that the power outlet has power by connecting another device
to it.
Connect the unit to another power source.
Use a different power cord.
Verify that the voltage from the power source is within the required
levels for your region.
Verify that the L/A LEDs are green or blinking green for each port is ON. If
a L/A LED is OFF, do the following:
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
Verify that the end-node connected to the port is powered ON and is
operating properly.
Verify that the twisted pair cable is securely connected to the port on
the switch and to the port on the end-node.
Ensure that the twisted pair cable does not exceed 100 meters (328
feet).
Verify that you are using the appropriate category of twisted pair cable:
Category 3 or better for 10 Mbps operation and Category 5 and
Category 5E for 100 and 1000 Mbps operation.
Verify that the eco friendly switch is in the “Out” position.
Note
A 1000Base connection can take from five to ten seconds for the link
to be established.
41
Appendix A
Technical Specifications
Physical Specifications
Dimensions:
AT-GS900/16
AT-GS900/24
Weight:
AT-GS900/16
AT-GS900/24
(W x D x H)
12.1 cm x 18.4 cm x 4.4 cm
(4.7 in x 7.2 in x 1.7 in)
28 cm x 18 cm x 4.4 cm
(11.0 in x 7.1 in x 1.7 in)
0.954kg (2.1 lbs)
1.794 kg (3.95lbs)
Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature:
0° C to 40° C (32° F to 104° F)
Storage Temperature:
-25° C to 70° C (-13° F to 158° F)
Operating Humidity:
5% to 90% non-condensing
Storage Humidity:
5% to 95% non-condensing
Operating Altitude Range:
Up to 10,000 feet (3,048 meters)
Power Specifications
Power Consumption:
AT-GS900/16
AT-GS900/24
9.9 watts maximum
15.9 watts maximum
AC Input Electrical Ratings:
AT-GS900/16
AT-GS900/24
100 - 240 V AC, 0.5 A
100 - 240 V AC, 1.1 A
Frequency:
50/60 Hz
42
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
Safety and Electromagnetic Emissions Certifications
EMI
FCC Part 15 Class A
CISPR 22 Class A,
EN55022 Class A: 2006 + A1:2007 version
Immunity
EN55024
Safety
UL - USA (UL60950-1)
LVD (EN60950-1, 2nd edition)
CSA or CUL - Canada
C-Tick - Australia
CD Mark
Environment
Compliance
Eu-RoHS compliant
WEEE
China RoHS compliant
Quality and Reliability:
AT-GS900/16 MTBF:
AT-GS900/24 MTBF:
>50,000 hours @ 25 C
>50,000 hours @ 25 C
Compliance Standards
IEEE 802.3 – 10Base-T
IEEE 802.3u – 100Base-TX
IEEE 802.3ab – 1000Base-TX Gigabit Ethernet
IEEE 802.3x – Flow Control, Symmetric and Asymmetric
43
Chapter : Technical Specifications
RJ-45 Twisted Pair Port Connectors
This section lists the connectors and connector pinouts for the
AT-GS900/16 and AT-GS900/24 Fanless Gigabit Ethernet Switches and
their components.
Figure 12 illustrates the pin layout to an RJ-45 connector and port.
1
8
8
1
Figure 12. RJ-45 Connector and Port Pin Layout
Table 5 lists the RJ-45 pin signals when a twisted pair port is operating in
the MDI configuration.
Table 5. MDI Pin Signals (10Base-T or 100Base-TX)
Pin
Signal
1
TX+
2
TX-
3
RX+
6
RX-
Table 6 lists the RJ-45 port pin signals when a twisted pair port is
operating in the MDI-X configuration.
Table 6. MDI-X Pin Signals (10Base-T or 100Base-TX)
Pin
Signal
1
RX+
2
RX-
3
TX+
6
TX-
Table 7 lists the RJ-45 connector pins and their signals when a
44
AT-GS900/16, AT-GS900/24 Gigabit eco-friendly Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
1000Base-T port is operating at 1000 Mbps.
Table 7. RJ-45 1000Base-T Connector Pinoutsa
Pin
Pair
Signal
1
1
TX and RX+
2
1
TX and RX-
3
2
TX and RX+
4
3
TX and RX+
5
3
TX and RX-
6
2
TX and RX-
7
4
TX and RX+
8
4
TX and RX-
a. Bi-directional data on each pair.
45
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