Ilford FB guide

Ilford FB guide
TECHNICAL INFORMATION
MULTIGRADE IV
FB FIBER
PREMIUM QUALITY VARIABLE CONTRAST PAPER
ON A FIBRE BASE
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber is part of the ILFORD
MULTIGRADE system and is fully compatible with
all existing MULTIGRADE filters and equipment. It
is equally suitable for printing from conventional
negatives and from XP2 SUPER negatives.
Spectral sensitivity
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber was tested unfiltered to
produce the following curves at density 0.5, 1.0
and 1.5.
Equal energy
0.5
3.0
1.0
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber is available in double
weight (1K) glossy surface and (5K) matt surface.
1.5
2.0
EXPOSURE
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber is designed for use with
all enlargers.
Safelight recommendations MULTIGRADE
IV FB Fiber can be used with most common
safelights for black and white papers. The ILFORD
safelights are especially recommended as they
generally allow darkrooms to be brighter, but
completely safe, for MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber and
many black and white papers.
ILFORD safelights are the ILFORD SL1 darkroom
safelight or the ILFORD 902 (light brown) safelight
filter fitted in a darkroom lamp (for example, the
ILFORD DL10 or DL20). A 15W bulb is
recommended with these safelights.
For direct lighting, do not expose the paper to the
safelight for more than 4 minutes, and the distance
between the paper and the safelight should be a
minimum of 1.2m/4ft.
Other safelight filters can be used, for example,
the Kodak OC and the Agfa-Gevaert G7, or the
Philips PF710 safelamp.
Relative log sensitivity
ILFORD MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber is a premium
quality variable contrast black and white paper on
a 255g/m2 fibre base.
1.0
400
450
Wavelength (nm)
500
550
Contrast range
Seven full grades of contrast, in half grade steps,
are available on MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber paper
when used with the ILFORD MULTIGRADE
speed-matched filters.
The chart gives the ISO range figures (ISO
standard 6846 – 1992) for MULTIGRADE IV
FB Fiber. These figures give a guide to selecting
the appropriate grade of paper for a given
effective negative density range.
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber unfiltered has an ISO
range of R100.
ISO range
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber paper and
MULTIGRADE filters
Filter
00 0
1
2
3
4
Range (R) 170 150 130 100 80 60
5
40
The above values are representative of those
obtained when dish/tray processing the paper to
ILFORD recommendations.
Page 1 of 4
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber
ISO range figures may be helpful to printers who
have some means of measuring the effective
density range of the image as projected on the
enlarger baseboard – such as with a photometer.
As an example, for a negative with an effective
density range of 1.32 log exposure units, multiply
this figure by 100 and choose the nearest ISO
range figure from the table – in this case 130. Try
printing this negative with MULTIGRADE filter 1 on
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber paper.
ISO speed
The speed of MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber depends
on the filtration used during exposure.
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber unfiltered, has a paper
speed of ISO P500.
ISO paper speed
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber paper and
MULTIGRADE filters
Filter
00 0
1
2
3
4
5
Speed (P) 200 –––––––––––––– 200 100 100
Contrast control
Contrast is controlled by using MULTIGRADE hand
filters, the new MULTIGRADE 600 equipment,
other MULTIGRADE equipment, variable contrast
enlarger heads or colour enlarger heads.
The twelve MULTIGRADE filters are numbered
00–5 in 1/2 steps, with the lowest filter number
corresponding to the softest contrast. The exposure
time for filters 00–31/2 is the same; that for filters
4–5 is double.
The ILFORD MULTIGRADE 600 exposing system
replaces the standard lamphouse on most
professional enlargers.
Characteristic curves
Relative log exposure
Density
Exposing light sources
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber is designed for use with
most enlargers and printers, that is, those fitted
with either a tungsten or tungsten halogen light
source. It is also suitable for use with cold cathode
(cold light) light sources designed for variable
contrast papers. Other cold cathode (cold light)
and pulsed xenon light sources may give a
reduced contrast range.
Density
The above values are representative of those
obtained when dish/tray processing the paper to
ILFORD recommendations.
Relative log exposure
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber glossy paper exposed
through filters 00, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.
Developer: MULTIGRADE diluted 1+9.
Development: 2 minutes at 20ºC/68ºF.
Page 2 of 4
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber
PROCESSING
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber is processed in the same
way as other fibre base papers.
Stop bath
See the ‘Processing summary’ for stop bath
recommendations.
Note Photographic chemicals are not hazardous
when used correctly. Always follow the health and
safety recommendations on the packaging.
Photochemicals material safety data sheets
containing full details for the safe handling,
disposal and transportation of ILFORD chemicals
are available from ILFORD.
The use of a stop bath is strongly recommended.
A stop bath stops development immediately,
reduces the risk of staining and will extend the life
of the fixer bath.
Processing summary (intermittent agitation)
ILFORD
Dilution
ºC/ºF
Time
chemical
(min:sec)
Development
MULTIGRADE
1+9
20/68
1:30–3:00
or
MULTIGRADE
1+14
20/68
2:00–5:00
or
BROMOPHEN 1+3
20/68
1:30–3:00
or
PQ UNIVERSAL 1+9
20/68
1:30–3:00
Stop bath
ILFOSTOP
1+19 18–24/64–75 0:10
or
ILFOSTOP PRO 1+19 18–24/64–75 0:10
Fixation
ILFORD RAPID
1+4 18–24/64–75 1:00
FIXER or
HYPAM
1+4 18–24/64–75 1:00
Washing
Fresh, running water –
Above 5/41
60:00
Development
See the ‘Processing summary’ for development
recommendations.
On correctly exposed prints with MULTIGRADE
developer 1+9, the image will begin to appear
after 35 seconds. Development can be extended
up to 6 minutes without any noticeable change in
contrast or fog.
To give greater control during development, and
for economy, the 1+14 dilution of MULTIGRADE
developer can be used.
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber paper can also be
processed in other high quality dish/tray
developers.
Page 3 of 4
Fixation
See the ‘Processing summary’ for fixing
recommendations.
The use of a hardening fixer is not recommended
as it reduces washing efficiency. ILFORD RAPID
FIXER and HYPAM are non-hardening fixers.
There is no benefit in extending fixation beyond
the recommended time; some loss of print quality
might be seen when long fixing times are given
due to image etching.
Washing
See the ‘Processing summary’ for washing
recommendations.
Drying
A final rinse in ILFORD ILFOTOL, diluted 1+200
with water, will aid even and rapid drying.
After washing, squeegee prints on both sides to
remove surplus water. Prints can be clipped backto-back to minimise curl and air-dried at room
temperature, or glazed/ferrotyped or heat-dried.
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber
OPTIMUM PERMANENCE
The standard fixing and washing recommendations
will give excellent print permanence for all
commercial needs. When optimum permanence is
needed, perhaps for archival storage of prints, the
following fixing and washing sequences at
18–24ºC/65–75ºF (including wash water) are
recommended using ILFORD WASHAID. Do not
add a hardener to the fixer. Be careful not to
exceed the capacity of the fixer and not to extend
the fixing time as both these make washing more
difficult.
Optimum permanence sequence
Fixation
ILFORD RAPID FIXER (1+4)
or
HYPAM (1+4)
intermittent agitation
First wash
Fresh, running water
Washing aid ILFORD WASHAID (1+4)
intermittent agitation
Final wash
Fresh, running water
1min
1min
5min
10min
5min
Optimum permanence sequence
with selenium toner
Fixation
ILFORD RAPID FIXER (1+4) 1min
or
HYPAM (1+4)
1min
intermittent agitation
Toning
Selenium toner diluted with *min
working strength ILFORD
WASHAID instead of water,
intermittent agitation
Rinse
ILFORD WASHAID (1+4), 10min
intermittent agitation
Final wash
Fresh, running water
30min
FINISHING
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber responds in the same
way as other fibre base papers to the usual
techniques of toning, chemical reduction and
retouching. It can be mounted using the standard
techniques for fibre base papers.
STORAGE
Unprocessed paper
Store unused MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber paper in a
cool, dry place in its original packaging. Avoid
conditions of high temperature and/or high
humidity. MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber will keep in
excellent condition for up to two years when stored
as recommended.
Prints
MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber prints which have been
processed as recommended in this leaflet will have
a more than adequate storage life for most
purposes. Print life will be shortened, however, in
adverse storage conditions, or if the print is
exposed to oxidising gases.
It is recommended that prints made for display are
toned to protect them from the oxidising gases that
are found in many environments. Selenium toner is
recommended as it has little effect on the image
colour of MULTIGRADE IV FB Fiber, but other
protection methods can be used including sulphide
toning, silver image stabilisers and laminating.
ILFORD ILFOGUARD laminating and encapsulating
films are recommended.
A wide range of fact sheets is available which describe and
give guidance on using ILFORD products. Some products in
this fact sheet might not be available in your country.
* Tone the print for the appropriate time to achieve
the depth of colour needed.
HARMAN technology Limited, Ilford Way,
Mobberley, Knutsford, Cheshire WA16 7JL, England
www.ilfordphoto.com
Page 4 of 4
June 2010
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising