Duratech Dura+ Commercial User Manual
SWIMMING POOL HEAT PUMP UNITS
Installation & Instruction Manual
DURA+ ® - series
Commercial heat pumps
Rev. 3.00
12.10.2010
DURA+ heat pumps
Contents
SWIMMING POOL HEAT PUMP UNITS _____________________________________________ 1
Contents _________________________________________________________________________ 2
1. Preface ________________________________________________________________________ 3
2. Specifications ___________________________________________________________________ 4
2.1 Technical data sheet _________________________________________________________________________ 4
2.2 Dimensions________________________________________________________________________________ 5
3. Installation and connection________________________________________________________ 6
3.1 Remarks __________________________________________________________________________________ 6
3.2 Location of the heat pump ____________________________________________________________________ 6
3.3 Distance from the pool _______________________________________________________________________ 7
3.4 Installation of the check-valve _________________________________________________________________ 7
3.5 Typical setup ______________________________________________________________________________ 8
3.6 Adjusting the by-pass ________________________________________________________________________ 8
3.7 Electrical hook-u p __________________________________________________________________________ 9
3.8 First time start-up __________________________________________________________________________ 10
3.9 Condensation _____________________________________________________________________________ 10
4. Use and operation ______________________________________________________________ 11
4.1 Features of the LED control panel _____________________________________________________________
4.2 Setting the parameters ______________________________________________________________________
4.3 Checking the status_________________________________________________________________________
4.4 Setting the CLOCK ________________________________________________________________________
11
11
13
13
5. Protection systems
5.1 Water pressure switch ______________________________________________________________________
5.2 Refrigerant gas high and low pressure protection _________________________________________________
5.3 Overheating protection on the compressor_______________________________________________________
5.4 Automatic defrost control____________________________________________________________________
5.5 Temperature difference between inflowing and outflowing water ____________________________________
5.6 Low temperature cut-out ____________________________________________________________________
5.7 Anti-frost protection during winter ____________________________________________________________
14
14
14
14
14
14
15
6. Directions _____________________________________________________________________ 16
6.1 Swimming pool water chemistry ______________________________________________________________
6.2 Setting the flow switch ______________________________________________________________________
6.3 Heat pump winterizing ______________________________________________________________________
6.4 Restarting the pump after winter ______________________________________________________________
6.5 Check-up ________________________________________________________________________________
16
16
17
17
17
7. Maintenance and inspection ______________________________________________________ 18
7.1 Maintenance ______________________________________________________________________________
7.2 Troubleshooting guide ______________________________________________________________________
7.3 Overview of possible error codes displayed on the screen __________________________________________
7.4 Check list for installation ____________________________________________________________________
18
18
21
22
8. Detailed specifications ___________________________________________________________ 23
8.1 Electrical diagrams _________________________________________________________________________ 23
8.2 Refrigeration diagram ______________________________________________________________________ 25
9. Warranty and RMA (return material authorization) ___________________________________ 26
9.1 Warranty_________________________________________________________________________________ 26
9.2 RMA Request Form ________________________________________________________________________ 27
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DURA+ heat pumps
1. Preface
In order to provide our customers with quality, reliability and versatility, this product has been made according
to strict production standards. This manual includes all necessary information about installation, start-up,
winterizing and maintenance. Please read this manual carefully before opening or servicing the unit. The unit
must be installed by qualified personnel. The following conditions apply for the warranty to be valid:
• The heat pump can only be opened and serviced by a qualified installer.
• Operation and maintenance must be carried out according to the recommendations featured in this
instruction manual.
• Use genuine standard spare parts only.
Failure to comply with these recommendations will invalidate the warranty.
The company will not be held responsible for damage or injury caused by improper installation or incorrect or
unnecessary maintenance.
The Swimming Pool Heat Pump Unit heats the swimming pool water and keeps the temperature constant.
Our DURA+ heat pumps have the following characteristics:
®
1. Durability
The heat pump is equipped with a PVC & Titanium heat exchanger, which can withstand prolonged
exposure to swimming pool water.
2. Easy installation
Before leaving our factory, all our heat pumps are thoroughly tested and made ready-to-use.
Only the water inlets and outlets and the electrical hook-up need to be taken care of when installing the
unit.
3. Silent operation
An extremely efficient rotary/scroll compressor and a low-noise 2-speed fan guarantee silent operation
of our heat pumps.
4. Advanced controlling
By means of the electronic control panel, all parameters can be set and the status of all measured
variables can be displayed. Remote controlling can also be achieved.
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DURA+ heat pumps
2. Specifications
2.1 Technical data sheet
Unit
Model
DURA+55T
DURA+90T
DURA+135T
kW
56
92
135
BTU/h
187000
307000
461000
kW
45
74
109
BTU/h
180900
300400
450000
kW
48,5
82,6
124
BTU/h
165500
282000
423000
Power Input
kW
9,2
15,0
22,5
Maximum volume
m3
250
410
615
Running Current
A
23,6
29,2
44,8
Max Running
Current
A
32,9
40,6
62,3
COP at A25/W25
6,0
6,0
6,0
COP at A15/W25
5,5
5,5
5,5
380/3/50
380/3/50
380/3/50
Heating Capacity
A25./W25
Heating capacity
A15/W25
Cooling capacity
A25/W25
Power Supply
V/Ph/Hz
Controller
Electronic control
Condenser
Titanium heat exchanger
Compressor Quantity
Compressor type
Refrigerant
2
3
4
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
R410a
R410a
R410a
High air flow
M3/h
9000
13500
20250
Low air flow
M3/h
7600
11400
17100
Fan quantity
2
3
2
W
200*2
200*3
550*2
RPM
830/680
830/680
Vertical
Vertical
870/720
Vertical
dB(A)
61
62
62
Water Connection
mm
63
75
110
Nominal Water Flow
m3/h
25
40
60
Water Pressure Drop
(max)
kPa
18
28
32
Unit Net Dimensions
L/W/H mm
1450/730/1260
2150/730/1300
2000/900/1920
Unit Shipping
Dimensions
L/W/H mm
1550/790/1360
2310/860/1430
2150/1020/2080
Kg
242/340
380/440
850/920
Fan Power Input
Fan Speed
Fan Direction
Noise
Net Weight /
Shipping Weight
Measuring conditions: Outdoor air temp: 25°C , Inflowing water temp: 25°C, rel. humidity: 65%
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DURA+ heat pumps
2.2 Dimensions
T
T
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DURA+ heat pumps
3. Installation and connection
3.1 Remarks
The factory only provides the heat pump unit; the other parts, including a contingent by-pass, are to be provided
by the user or the installer.
Attention:
Please take the following steps when installing the heat pump:
1. Each addition of chemicals has to be performed through the conduits located downstream of the heat
pump.
2. Install a by-pass when the flow of the pool pump exceeds the authorized flow through the heat
exchanger of the heat pump with 20%.
3. Install the heat pump above the pool’s water level.
4. Always place the heat pump on a solid base and use the supplied silent blocks in order to avoid
vibrations and noise.
5. Always keep the heat pump in upright position. If the unit has been tilted, you should wait for at least
24 hours before turning it on.
3.2 Location of the heat pump
The unit will perform well on any location provided three factors are present:
1. Fresh air - 2. Electricity -
3. Pool filter piping
The unit may be installed virtually anywhere outdoors providing minimum distance requirements are met with
respect to other objects (see diagram below). For indoor pools please consult your installer. If the unit is placed
in a windy area, no problems occur with e.g. the pilot light, as opposed to what is often the case with gas
heaters.
ATTENTION: Do not place the unit in an enclosed area with a limited air volume where the unit's discharged
air will be re-circulated or near shrubs that could block the air inlet. These locations deny the unit a continuous
fresh air supply, which reduces its efficiency and may prevent adequate heat yield.
See diagram below for minimum required distances.
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DURA+ heat pumps
3.3 Distance from the pool
Normally, the pool heat pump is installed within a 7.5 meter radius of the pool. The greater the distance from
the pool, the greater the heat loss from the piping. Since the piping is buried for the most part, heat loss is
minimal for distances of up to 30 meters (15 meters to and from the pump = 30 meters total), unless the soil is
wet or the water level is high. Heat loss per 30 meters could roughly be estimated at 0.6 kW-hour (2000 BTU)
for every 5 °C temperature difference between the pool water and the soil surrounding the pipe, which translates
to an operation time increase of 3 to 5 %.
3.4 Installation of the check-valve
Attention – When using automatic chlorine and pH dosage systems, it is of uttermost importance to protect the
heat pump from high concentrations of these chemicals that could corrode the heat exchanger. Therefore, such
systems should add the chemicals in the conduits located DOWNSTREAM of the heat pump and it is
recommended to install a check-valve in order to prevent backflow when there is no water circulation.
Damage to the heat pump caused by disregarding any of these recommendations will invalidate the warranty.
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DURA+ heat pumps
3.5 Typical setup
Note – This setup is just an example
3.6 Adjusting the by-pass
F
R
O
M
T
O
P
O
O
L
P
O
O
L
Uit
Adjust the by-pass as follows:
• open the 3 valves completely
• slightly close valve 1 until
water pressure has increased
with approximately 100 to
200 grams (see also 3.8)
• close valve 3 about halfway to
adjust the pressure of the
refrigerant gas in the unit.
In
Heat pump
Optimum heat pump operation is reached when the refrigerant gas reaches a pressure of 20 +/- 2 bar.
This pressure can be read from the pressure gauge located next to the control panel of the heat pump. The
adjustment also makes sure that optimum water flow is reached in the unit.
Note – The absence of a by-pass or performing an inadequate by-pass adjustment may cause the heat
pump to function less well or may even damage it, which will invalidate the warranty.
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DURA+ heat pumps
3.7 Electrical hook-up
Important - Although the heat pump is electrically isolated from the rest of the unit, this only prevents
the passage of electricity to or from the pool water. Grounding the unit is still required to protect yourself
from short circuits inside the unit. Make for adequate ground connection.
Check if the electrical mains voltage corresponds with the operating voltage of the heat pump prior to hooking
up the unit.
It is recommended to use a separate fuse (slow type – D-curve) as well as adequate wiring (see table below).
Connect the electrical wires with the terminal block labelled ‘POWER SUPPLY’.
Remark – For models with 3 phases, switching 2 phases may cause an inversion in the rotational direction of
electrical motors, which could damage the unit. Therefore, a protection device has been built in, which will
interrupt the circuit if the connection has not been performed correctly. If you see an EE 4 error light up on the
display, 2 phase wires have to be switched.
Model
Voltage (volt)
Fuse (A)
Nominal current (A)
Cable diameter (mm2)
(for a max. length of 15 meters)
DURA+55T
DURA+90T
DURA+135T
3x 380
3x 380
3x 380
55
90
90
32,9
40,6
62,3
4*10,0 + 10,0
3*16,0 + 2*10,0
3*16,0 + 2*10,0
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DURA+ heat pumps
3.8 First time start-up
Note - In order for the unit to heat the pool (or spa), the filter pump must be running so that the water
can circulate through the heat pump. Without this circulation, the heat pump will not start.
When all connections have been made and checked, you should follow these steps:
1. Turn on the filter pump. Check for leaks and verify flow to and from the pool.
2. Turn on the electrical power supply to the unit, then press the ON/OFF key “ ” on the electronic control
panel. The unit should start when the time delay period has lapsed (see further).
3. When the unit has been running for a couple of minutes, check if the air leaving the unit is cooler.
4. Check the performance of the flow switch as follows: with the unit running, turn the filter pump off. The
unit should also switch off automatically. If not, the flow switch must be readjusted. (see further under 6.2).
5. Allow the unit and filter pump to run 24 hours a day until the desired pool water temperature is reached.
When the set temperature is reached, the unit switches itself off. The unit will now automatically restart (as
long as your filter pump is running) when the temperature of the pool water experiences a drop of more than
1 °C below the set temperature.
Depending on the starting temperature of the pool water and the air temperature, it can take several days for the
water to reach the desired temperature. Covering the pool can drastically reduce this period.
Water pressure switch – the unit is equipped with a pressure switch that is switched on when enough water
pressure is detected in the unit and that is switched off when the water pressure becomes too low (e.g. when the
filter pump is switched off). If the pool water level is located more than one meter above or below the heat
pump, your installer may need to adjust this pressure switch (see further under 6.2).
Time delay – the unit is equipped with a built-in 3-minute start delay included to protect electrical components
and contacts. After this time delay, the unit will automatically be restarted. Even a brief interruption of the
power supply will activate the start delay and prevent the unit from starting immediately. Additional
interruptions of the power supply during the delay period will have no effect on the 3-minute countdown.
3.9 Condensation
When the swimming pool water is being heated by the heat pump, the incoming air is cooled down quite a bit,
which can cause condensation on the fins of the evaporator. Condensed volumes can attain several litres per
hour under high atmospheric humidity. Sometimes, this is wrongfully interpreted as a water leak.
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DURA+ heat pumps
4. Use and operation
4.1 Features of the LED control panel
Press “▲”or“▼” to
modify settings
On/Off
LED screen
Press “MODE” to set the
operating mode
Access to parameters
Press “CLOCK” to set the
time
With the “On/Off” key “ “, the heat pump is turned on or turned off (stand-by status). If the LED next to this
key lights up, the heat pump is turned ON.
Setting the desired temperature of the swimming pool water is achieved with the arrow keys, regardless if the
heat pump is turned ON or OFF. You simply press the arrow keys to set the desired temperature directly.
•
•
•
When the unit is turned ON and is running, the temperature of the swimming pool water can be read off the
LED screen.
When the unit is turned ON and the desired temperature is reached, “OFF” appears on the LED screen.
When the unit is turned OFF, “OFF” is always displayed on the LED screen; the heat pump goes on
monitoring all parameters of the system and all protection systems remain active. The heat pump is thus in
STAND-BY mode. We will continue using this expression if we wish to indicate that the heat pump is
turned OFF.
4.2 Setting the parameters
Parameters can always be checked by pressing the service key “ ”, regardless if the pump is turned ON or is in
STAND-BY mode. Only in STAND-BY mode can the parameters be modified.
This is an overview of the different parameters and their standard values.
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DURA+ heat pumps
The first number on the LED screen stands for the number of the parameter and the second one for its value.
Parameter
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Description
Desired temperature in cooling mode (6 ⇒ 28°C)
Desired temperature in heating mode (6 ⇒ 40°C)
Operation time of the compressor before defrosting mode starts (30 ⇒ 90 minutes)
Temperature of evaporator at which defrosting starts (-30 ⇒ 0°C)
Temperature of evaporator at which defrosting stops (2 ⇒ 30°C)
Maximum duration of defrosting procedure (0 ⇒ 12 min)
Mode of electronic expansion valve (0 for ‘MAN’ and 1 for ‘AUTO’)
Memory function for automatic start-up (0 for ‘NO’ and 1 for ‘YES’)
Operating mode (see table below)
Desired temp. in Auto mode (6 ⇒ 40°C)
Filter pump control (0 for ‘ON’ and 1 for ‘AUTOMATIC’)
Target Superheat
Manual Control for EE valve (15 ⇒ 47 steps)
Temp. of inflowing water
Temp. of outflowing water
Temp. of evaporator
Return gas temp.
Ambient temp.
Temp. of condensor
Actual open steps of EE valve
Standard
20°C
27°C
45 min
-7°C
13°C
8 min
1
1
1
27
0
5
35
Parameters 2 up to and including 5 are the settings for the automatic defrosting mode. They have been set
from the factory for optimal operation and very rarely need to be adjusted by a specialized technician, that is,
only if conditions demand it.
Parameter 6 indicates the mode of the electronic expansion valve. When put in AUTO mode ‘1’ the valve is
controlled by temperature. If put in MAN mode ‘0’ the valve is controlled by the stepping motor, which can be
controlled by parameter 12.
Parameter 7 indicates if the heat pump should or shouldn’t start automatically after an interruption of the
power supply.
Parameter 8 is for adjusting the possible operating modes of the heat pump.
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DURA+ heat pumps
Value for parameter 8
0
1
2
3
Possible modes
Cooling only
Cooling or heating
Cooling or heating + electrical heating
Heating only
Can be selected with “Mode” key
Yes
Yes
Parameter 9 is for setting the desired temperature when the heat pump is in AUTO mode. Heat pump is in
AUTO mode when parameter 8 has the value ‘1’ or ‘2’.
Parameter 10 is for determining how the filter pump should be controlled. If you want to have it controlled by
the heat pump, you have to connect the electrical wires of this pump to the terminal block labelled ‘TO PUMP’
that is located next to the one labelled ‘TO POWER SUPPLY’.
Parameter 11 controls the opening/closing of the expansion valve. This can be controlled from –20 to 20°C and
has a standard value of 3°C.
Parameters are modified as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Set the heat pump in its STAND-BY mode.
Press the service key “ ”to access the parameter menu. The parameter number and its value will blink
simultaneously.
Press the arrow key “▲”or“▼” to select the desired parameter.
Then press “MODE” and “ ” simultaneously. Now, only the value of the parameter will be blinking.
Then select the desired setting with the arrow key “▲”or“▼”.
Stop for 5 seconds or press the service key to save the new setting. The LED screen will again display
“OFF”.
Only parameters 0 and 1 (depending on the selected mode) are set directly with “▲" or “▼”
4.3 Checking the status
Further down in the parameter menu, after numbers from 0 to 12, you encounter parameters 13 to 19.
These cannot be modified. They indicate the values the unit is currently measuring for these parameters.
Parameter
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Measured value
Temperature of inflowing water
Temperature of outflowing water
Temperature of evaporator
Temperature of returning gas
Ambient temperature
Temperature of condenser
Position stepper motor
4.4 Setting the CLOCK
•
•
•
•
•
Start setting the clock by pressing the “CLOCK” key. The LED screen will display the time and the hours
will start to blink.
Press “▲”or“▼” to set the desired hour.
Press “CLOCK” again. Now, the minutes start blinking.
Press “▲”or“▼” again to set the minutes.
Press “CLOCK” again to save the settings.
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DURA+ heat pumps
5. Protection systems
DURA+ heat pumps are equipped with the following standard protection systems:
®
5.1 Water pressure switch
Thanks to this pressure switch, the heat pump will not work when the filter pump is not working (and the water
is not circulating). This system prevents the heat pump from heating only the water present in the heat pump
itself. The protection also stops the heat pump if water circulation is cut off or stopped.
5.2 Refrigerant gas high and low pressure protection
The high pressure protection makes sure the heat pump is not damaged in case of overpressurisation of the gas.
The low pressure protection emits a signal when refrigerant is escaping from the conduits and the unit cannot be
kept running.
5.3 Overheating protection on the compressor
This protection protects the compressor from overheating.
5.4 Automatic defrost control
When the air is very humid and cold, ice can form on the evaporator. In that event, a thin layer of ice appears
that will grow increasingly bigger as long as the heat pump is running. When the temperature of the evaporator
has become too low, automatic defrost control will be activated, which will reverse the heat pump cycle so that
hot refrigerant gas is sent through the evaporator during a brief period of time to defrost it.
5.5 Temperature difference between inflowing and outflowing water
During normal operation of the heat pump, the temperature difference between inflowing and outflowing water
will approximate 1 to 2 °C. In the event that the pressure switch does not work and that the water stops
circulating, the temperature probe monitoring the outflowing water will always detect a rise in temperature. As
soon as the temperature difference between inflowing and outflowing water exceeds 13 °C, the heat pump will
be automatically turned off.
5.6 Low temperature cut-out
If, during cooling, the temperature of the outflowing water reaches 5 °C or drops below this temperature, the
heat pump will turn itself off until the water temperature reaches or exceeds 7 °C again.
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DURA+ heat pumps
5.7 Anti-frost protection during winter
This protection can only be activated if the heat pump is in STAND-BY mode.
5.7.1 First anti-frost protection
If the filter pump is controlled by the heat pump (regardless of the value for parameter 9) and when the water
temperature lies between 2 and 4 °C and the air temperature is lower than 0 °C, the filter pump will be
automatically turned on to prevent the water from freezing in the piping. This protection is deactivated when the
temperature rises again.
5.7.2 Second anti-frost protection
If the water temperature drops even more, that is, below 2 °C (during long frost periods), the heat pump will
also start running to heat the water until its temperature approximates 3 °C. When this temperature is reached,
the heat pump will stop, but anti-frost protection will remain active until conditions change.
5.8 3-fase protection
If the phases are connected in the wrong order due to electrical miswiring, this protection will interrupt
the power supply to prevent mechanical deformation. There will be an EE 4 error code on the display.
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DURA+ heat pumps
6. Directions
6.1 Swimming pool water chemistry
Special attention should be paid to the chemical balance of the pool water. The pool water values should always
stay within the following limits:
pH
Free chlorine (mg/l)
TAC (mg/l)
Salt (g/l)
Min.
7.0
0.5
80
Max.
7.8
1.2
150
8
Important: failure to comply with these limits will invalidate the warranty.
Note: exceeding one or several limits can damage the heat pump beyond repair. Always install water
treatment equipment past the heat pump’s water outlet, especially if the chemicals are automatically
added to the water.
A check-valve should also be installed between the outlet of the heat pump and this equipment in order to
prevent products from flowing back into the heat pump if the filter pump stops.
6.2 Setting the flow switch
The water flow switch is set to 0.14 bar by default. As from this water pressure value, the heat pump will be
able to function. This is the minimum required water pressure for most installations.
This setting may only be modified if the heat pump does not start running despite sufficient water circulation or
if it does not stop when the filter pump stops.
Always make sure that the water filter is clean before adjusting the settings of the flow switch: a dirty filter will
lower the water flow and hamper correct adjustment of the flow switch settings.
Directions:
1. Check that all valves are opened so that water can run through the heat pump. Start the filter pump.
2. Start the heat pump.
3. If the heat pump does not start after the time delay, there might not be enough water circulation. Investigate
and correct contingent circulation problems prior to adjusting the flow switch.
4. Remove the heat pump’s access panel. The flow switch is located on the lower right.
5. Turn the screw on the flow switch slowly in anticlockwise direction. Wait for the time delay.
6. Repeat step 5 until the heat pump starts running.
7. Once the heat pump is running, stop the filter pump. The heat pump should immediately turn itself off.
8. If the heat pump does not turn itself off, the screw should be turned clockwise until the heat pump stops.
9. Check once more if the flow switch functions correctly by turning the filter pump on and off.
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DURA+ heat pumps
6.3 Heat pump winterizing
Important: failure to take the necessary precautions for winterizing can damage the heat pump, which
will invalidate the warranty.
The heat pump, filter pump, filter and conduits must be protected in areas where the temperature can drop below
the freezing point. Evacuate all water from the heat pump as follows:
1. interrupt the electrical power supply to the heat pump
2. close the water supply to the heat pump: completely close valves 2 and 3 of the by-pass
3. disconnect the water inlet and outlet coupler fittings of the heat pump and let the water drain out of the unit
4. loosely reattach water inlet and outlet coupler fittings to the heat pump in order to prevent dirt from getting
into the conduits.
Note: these precautions should not be taken if you choose to use the built-in anti-frost protection.
6.4 Restarting the pump after winter
If you purged your heat pump for winterizing, you should undertake the following steps to restart it in spring:
1. check first if there is no dirt in the conduits and if there are no structural problems
2. check if the water inlet and outlet coupler fittings are adequately fastened to the heat pump
3. start the filter pump to start the water flow to the heat pump. Set the by-pass again.
4. reconnect the electrical power supply to the heat pump and turn it ON.
6.5 Check-up
DURA+ heat pumps have been developed and built to last, that is, if they have been installed correctly and can
run under normal conditions. Regular check-ups are important if you want your heat pump to function safely
and efficiently for years on end.
The following directions can help you achieve optimal results:
1. make for easy access to the service panel
2. keep the area surrounding the heat pump free of contingent organic waste
3. prune the vegetation near the heat pump so that there is enough free space around the pump
4. remove contingent water sprinklers from the vicinity of the heat pump. They can damage the heat pump.
5. prevent rain from directly running off a roof onto the heat pump. Install proper drainage.
6. do not use the heat pump if it has been flooded. Immediately contact a qualified technician to inspect the
heat pump and repair it if should prove necessary.
®
Condensation can occur when the heat pump is running. This condensation can flow away through an opening
in the base pan of the unit. The amount of condensation water will increase when atmospheric humidity is high.
Remove any dirt that could possibly hamper the evacuation of condensation.
10 to 20 litres of condensation water can be produced while the unit is running. If more condensation is
produced, stop the heat pump and wait for one hour before checking for leaks in the conduits.
NOTE: A quick way to verify that the water running through the condensation drain is indeed
condensation, is to shut off the unit and keep the pool pump running. If the water stops running out of the
condensation drain, it is condensation. AN EVEN QUICKER WAY is to TEST THE DRAIN WATER
FOR CHLORINE. If no chlorine is detected, the drain water is a result of condensation.
Also take care to leave air inlet and exhaust passages free. Prevent exhaust air from immediately re-entering the
unit through the inlet.
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DURA+ heat pumps
7. Maintenance and inspection
7.1 Maintenance
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check the water inlet and drainage often. The water and air inflow into the system should be sufficient so
that its performance and reliability does not get compromised. You should clean the pool filter regularly to
avoid damage to the unit caused by clogging of the filter.
The area around the unit should be spacious and well ventilated. Clean the sides of the heat pump regularly
to maintain good heat exchange and to save energy.
Check if all processes in the unit are operational and pay special attention to the operation pressure of the
refrigerant system.
Check the power supply and cable connections regularly. Should the unit begin to function abnormally or
should you notice a smell from an electrical component, arrange for timely repair or replacement.
Winterizing : make sure to purge all the water from the heat pump and other systems in order to prevent
frost damage.
You should also purge the water if the unit will not work for an extended period of time. You should check
all parts of the unit thoroughly and completely fill the system with water before turning it on again
afterwards.
7.2 Troubleshooting guide
Improper installation may result in an electrical discharge that could lead to death of – or serious injury to –
pool users, installers or others due to electrical shock and may also cause damage to property.
DO NOT attempt to modify the internal configuration of the heat pump.
1. Keep your hands and hair clear of the fan blades to avoid injury.
2. If you are not familiar with your pool filtering system and heat pump:
a. Do not attempt to adjust or service without consulting your dealer or your professional pool or air
conditioning contractor.
b. Read the entire installation and user manual before attempting to use, service or adjust the unit.
c. Start the heat pump at least 24 hours after its installation in order to prevent damage to the
compressor.
Nota: Switch off the power prior to maintenance or repairs.
Important remark: if a malfunction cannot be resolved immediately, your
installer can contact our customer service. To be able to help you, we will need
the serial number of your heat pump.
In order to analyse the problem itself, we will need to know the message (error
code) that is displayed on the LED screen, as well as the values for the settings
(parameters 0 to 12) and for the status of the heat pump (parameters 13 to 19) just
before the failure or, if this is impossible, just after it.
Please keep this information at hand when calling our customer service. This
information is also indispensable if you need to return a heat pump. Returning the
unit should occur according to our RMA procedure guidelines.
On the following pages, you will find an overview of the different types of failure problems that can occur,
along with directions to solve them.
18
DURA+ heat pumps
Problem:
Observation:
the heat pump doesn’t work
the screen does not light up and the fan/compressor doesn’t make a sound
Possible cause
Solution
No electrical power supply
Check power supply (wiring, fuses, ...)
Problem:
Observation:
the heat pump doesn’t work
the screen displays “OFF” and the LED next to “ ” is not lit
Possible cause
The pump is in stand-by mode
Turn on the pump
Solution
Problem:
Observation:
1.
2.
the heat pump doesn’t work
the screen displays “OFF” and the LED next to “ ” is lit
Possible cause
Solution
The set temperature has been reached
1. No action required; all is well
The heat pump isn’t functioning yet
2. Wait until the start time delay period has lapsed (3
minutes)
Problem:
Observation:
the heat pump works but doesn’t heat
the compressor is running but the fan isn’t and the “HEATING/DEFROST” LED is blinking
Possible cause
Solution
The defrosting cycle is running
No action required; all is well
Problem:
Observation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
the heat pump works normally but there is no or insufficient heating
the screen displays the temperature but no error codes
Possible cause
Solution
Insufficient capacity of the heat pump in proportion to
1. Install a larger sized model or an extra heat pump.
Cover the pool to limit heat loss
the size of the swimming pool
The compressor works but the fan doesn’t
2. Check the electrical wiring of the fan. Replace the
condenser or the fan motor if necessary.
The fan works but the compressor doesn’t
3. Check the electrical wiring of the compressor. Replace
the condenser or the compressor if necessary.
The heat pump has not been placed on an optimal
4. Make for sufficient air circulation (see manual for
details)
location
Faulty temperature setting
5. Set the correct temperature
By-pass not adjusted
6. Have the by-pass readjusted by the installer
Massive ice formation on the evaporator
7. Have the settings for automatic defrost control checked
by the installer
Not enough refrigerant
8. Have the heat pump checked by a refrigeration
technician
Problem:
Observation:
the heat pump works normally but the water is cooling down instead of heating up
the screen displays the temperature but no error codes
Possible cause
Solution
1. The wrong mode has been selected
1. Verify the parameters, select the correct mode
2. The controller is out of order
2. Check the voltage in the electrical wiring to the 4-way
valve. If no electric potential is measured, replace the
controller
3. The 4-way valve is out of order
3. Check the voltage in the electrical wiring to the 4-way
valve. If electric potential is measured, replace the coil.
If the problem persists, have the heat pump checked by
a refrigeration technician
19
DURA+ heat pumps
Problem:
Observation:
the heat pump works but stops after a short while
the screen displays “OFF”
Possible cause
Solution
1. Wrong setting of parameters
1. Check the settings of the parameters and modify if
necessary
Problem:
Observation:
the heat pump doesn’t stop
the screen displays the temperature but no error codes
Possible cause
Solution
1. Wrong setting of parameters
1. Check the set parameters and adjust them if
necessary (settings just above the capacity of the
heat pump)
2. Pressure switch out of order
2. Check operation of the pressure switch by turning
off the filter pump and restarting it. If the heat
pump doesn’t react to this, the pressure switch
must be adjusted or replaced.
3. Electrical failure
3. Contact your installer
Problem:
Observation:
water leak
there’s an amount of water under the heat pump
Possible cause
Solution
1. Condensation due to atmospheric humidity
1. No action required
2. Water leak
2. Try to localize the leak and check for the presence
of chlorine in the water. If that is the case, the heat
pump must be temporarily replaced during repair.
Problem:
Observation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
abnormal amount of ice formed on the evaporator
the evaporator is for the most part covered in ice
Possible cause
Solution
Insufficient air inflow
1. Check the location of the heat pump and remove
any dirt that could be present on the evaporator
High water temperature
2. If the pool water is already quite hot (warmer than
29 °C), the probability of ice formation increases.
Lowering the set temperature is a possible option.
Incorrect setting of automatic defrost control
3. Check the settings of the defrosting function
together with your installer
The 4-way valve is out of order
4. Check the voltage in the electrical wiring to the 4way valve. If electric potential is measured,
replace the coil. If the problem persists, have the
heat pump checked by a refrigeration technician.
Not enough refrigerant
5. Have the heat pump checked by a refrigeration
technician.
20
DURA+ heat pumps
7.3 Overview of possible error codes displayed on the screen
Go back to chapter 5 “Protection systems” for more detailed information.
The heat pump screen displays one of the following codes:
Display
PP1
PP2
PP3
PP4
PP6
PP7
Problem
“WATER IN” sensor out of
order
“WATER OUT” sensor out of
order
“PIPE” sensor out of order
“AIR” sensor out of order
Temperature difference
between “WATER IN” and
“WATER OUT” is too large
Water temperature too low
during cool-down
PP7
First anti-frost protection active
PP7
HP
Second anti-frost protection
active
Gas discharge sensor out of
order
High pressure protection
LP
Low pressure protection
PP8
Cause
Sensor open or short-circuited
Solution
Check or replace the sensor
Sensor open or short-circuited
Check or replace the sensor
Sensor open or short-circuited
Sensor open or short-circuited
Insufficient water flow
Check or replace the sensor
Check or replace the sensor
Check the water flow
Pressure switch out of order
Replace the pressure switch
Insufficient water flow
Check the water flow
Sensor “WATER OUT”
displays an incorrect message
Low temperatures for water
and air
Low temperatures for water
and air
Sensor open or short-circuited
Check or replace the sensor
Insufficient water flow
Pressure switch out of order
Too much refrigerant gas
present
Not enough refrigerant gas
Insufficient water flow
Pressure switch out of order
Faulty phase wiring
Check the water flow
Replace the pressure switch
Have the heat pump checked by a
refrigeration technician
Have the heat pump checked by a
refrigeration technician
Have the heat pump checked by a
refrigeration technician
Check the water flow
Replace the pressure switch
Put phases in order
Insufficient water flow
Check the water flow
Pressure switch out of order
Replace the pressure switch
Insufficient water flow
Adjust water flow or check the
bypass
Check the connection between
the screen and the controller.
Replace screen and/or controller.
Leak in the cooling conduits
FLO
Insufficient water flow
EE4
Phase Protection
EE5
The temperature difference
between “WATER IN” and
“WATER OUT” has been too
large 3 times in a row
Overheat protection for
discharge gas
Communication failure
EE6
EE8
No communication between
the digital display and the
system controller
No action required
No action required
Check or replace the sensor
21
DURA+ heat pumps
7.4 Check list for installation
22
DURA+ heat pumps
8. Detailed specifications
8.1 Electrical diagrams
4
0
3
9
3
8
3
7
36
3
5
3
4
3
3
3
2
3
1
3
0
2
9
SW 1
CN 4
28
6
LED
27
CN 19
26
5
25
24
23
22
CN 3
21
20
19
OUT 2
18
17
4
16
15
14
3
13
CN 2
OUT 1
12
2
CN 1
1
11
OUT 3
7
OUT 4
8
OUT 5
9
AC-N
10
23
DURA+ heat pumps
1
L Line Input
21
GND
2
Compressor Output
22
High Pressure Switch
3
L Line Input
23
GND
4
Electrical Heating Output
24
Mode Switch
5
EE Valve
25
GND
6
Running Indicator
26
Phase Protection
7
4-way valve output
27
GND
8
High Fan Output
28
Self-Inspection Button
9
Low Fan Output
29
Discharge Gas Temp Sensor
10
N Line Input
30
GND
11
Transformer Premier
31
Inflowing Temp Sensor
12
Transformer Minor
32
GND
13
12 V
33
Outflowing Temp Sensor
14
Communication Terminal
34
GND
15
GND
35
Pipe Temp Sensor
16
Emergency Switch
36
GND
17
GND
37
Ambient Temp Sensor
18
Flow Switch
38
GND
19
GND
39
Return Gas Temp Sensor
20
Low Pressure Switch
40
GND
24
DURA+ heat pumps
8.2 Refrigeration diagram
25
DURA+ heat pumps
9. Warranty and RMA (return material authorization)
9.1 Warranty
LIMITED WARRANTY
Thank you for purchasing our heat pump.
We warrant all parts to be free from manufacturing defects in materials and workmanship for a
period of two years from the date of retail purchase.
This warranty is limited to the first retail purchaser, is not transferable, and does not apply to
products that have been moved from their original installation sites. The liability of Lamberts Pool
Products shall not exceed the repair or replacement of defective parts and does not include any costs
for labor to remove and reinstall the defective part, transportation to or from the factory, and any
other materials required to make the repair. This warranty does not cover failures or malfunctions
resulting from the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Failure to properly install, operate or maintain the product in accordance with our published
“Installation & Instruction Manual” provided with the product.
The workmanship of any installer of the product.
Not maintaining a proper chemical balance in your pool [pH level between 7,0 and 7,8.
Total Alkalinity (TA) between 80 to 150 ppm. Free Chlorine between 0,5 – 1,2mg/l.
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) less than 1200 ppm. Salt maximum 8g/l]
Abuse, alteration, accident, fire, flood, lightning, rodents, insects, negligence or acts of
Gods.
Scaling, freezing or other conditions causing inadequate water circulation.
Operating the product at water flow rates outside the published minimum and maximum
specifications.
Use of non-factory authorized parts or accessories in conjunction with the product.
Chemical contamination of combustion air or improper use of sanitizing chemicals, such as
introducing sanitizing chemicals upstream of the heater and cleaner hose or through the
skimmer.
Overheating, incorrect wire runs, improper electrical supply, collateral damage caused by
failure of O-rings, DE grids or cartridge elements, or damage caused by running the pump
with insufficient quantities of water.
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
This is the only warranty given by Manufacturer. No one is authorized to make any other warranties
on our behalf.
THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND MERCHANTABILITY. WE
EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM AND EXCLUDE ANY LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL,
INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES FOR BREACH OF ANY
EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTY.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, which may vary, by country.
WARRANTY CLAIMS
For prompt warranty consideration, contact your dealer and provide the following information: proof
of purchase, model number, serial number and date of installation. The installer will contact the
factory for instructions regarding the claim and to determine the location of the nearest service
center.
All returned parts must have a Return Material Authorization number to be evaluated under the
terms of this warranty.
26
DURA+ heat pumps
9.2 RMA Request Form
Company:
Address:
City:
Date:
Zip
code:
Contact:
E-mail:
Propulsion Systems contact name:
Country:
Phone:
Fax:
Date:
Internal use
RMA #:
Issued by:
Return for:
Date:
Copy of customer invoice attached?
Other documents attached to RMA request?
Description of documents:
Model no.:
Serial no.:
Problem:
Invoice no.:
Invoice date:
Propulsion Systems warranty repair policy:
1.
Returns must be shipped freight prepaid. All return shipping charges are your responsibility.
2.
Propulsion Systems requires pre-authorization for the return of all products. Products not authorized for return shall be sent back to you at your
expense.
3.
Propulsion Systems will repair or replace the products and will ship all products free via a carrier of our choice.
4.
We will ship, at your expense, via any express carrier service you request.
Return procedure:
1.
Before calling for an RMA number, please make sure that you have correctly followed the installation instructions and operating procedures
mentioned in the user guide.
2.
Call our Return Merchandise Authorization department and request an RMA Request Form.
3.
On the RMA Request Form, make sure you have filled in ALL the information fields.
4.
For returns within the warranty period, you must add a copy of your original sales invoice to your customer.
5.
Send RMA Request Form, sales invoice and other documents (pictures, …) to fax number +32-2-706.59.60 or e-mail address
johan@propulsionsystems.be. An RMA number will be issued within 24 hours after proper documents have been received. Propulsion Systems
may refuse to issue an RMA number in the event of failure to provide the information mentioned in item (3) and (4).
6.
The RMA number should be clearly written on the shipping label and on the label placed on the shipping box.
7.
All unlabeled or mismarked or illegibly marked products will be refused and returned, freight collect.
8.
All packages, which appear to be damaged at the time of delivery to Propulsion Systems, will be refused “AS IS”.
9.
Please ascertain that the products sent to Propulsion Systems are the same products for which the number was issued. If the products do not match
the products under the assigned RMA number, Propulsion Systems will return all products, freight collect.
10. No return lacking an RMA number will be accepted - absolutely without exception.
11. The RMA number is only valid for 21 calendar days after authorization. We reserve the right to refuse returned items beyond 21 days from
the date on which the RMA number was assigned.
Out of warranty products:
Customers are responsible for the shipping and repair costs. The estimated repair costs will be given after diagnosis has been
performed on the returned products.
Diagnostic charges amount to 50.00 € and up.
27
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