Ruud | APM-JAZ MODEL SERIES - 14.5 SEER | Instruction manual | Ruud APM-JAZ MODEL SERIES - 14.5 SEER Instruction manual

Ruud APM-JAZ MODEL SERIES - 14.5 SEER Instruction manual
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
AIR-COOLED CONDENSING UNITS
refrigerant
(-)ANL-*AZ MODEL SERIES – 13 SEER
(-)APL-JAZ MODEL SERIES – 14 SEER
(-)APM-JAZ MODEL SERIES – 14.5 SEER
!
RECOGNIZE THIS SYMBOL AS AN INDICATION OF IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION!
!
WARNING
THESE INSTRUCTIONS ARE INTENDED AS AN AID TO
QUALIFIED, LICENSED SERVICE PERSONNEL FOR PROPER
INSTALLATION, ADJUSTMENT AND OPERATION OF THIS
UNIT. READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS THOROUGHLY BEFORE
ATTEMPTING INSTALLATION OR OPERATION. FAILURE TO
FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS MAY RESULT IN IMPROPER
INSTALLATION, ADJUSTMENT, SERVICE OR MAINTENANCE
POSSIBLY RESULTING IN FIRE, ELECTRICAL SHOCK,
PROPERTY DAMAGE, PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
(14.5 SEER MODELS
& 14 OR 13 SEER
MODELS IN CERTAIN
MARKED SYSTEMS)
ISO 9001:2000
DO NOT DESTROY THIS MANUAL
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND KEEP IN A SAFE PLACE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE BY A SERVICEMAN
[ ] INDICATES METRIC CONVERSIONS
92-21354-51-08
SUPERSEDES 92-21354-51-07
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Checking Product Received . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Electrical & Physical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Corrosive Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Locating Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Unit Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Factory-Preferred Tie-Down Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Refrigerant Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Tools Required for Installing & Servicing R-410A Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Specification of R-410A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Quick Reference for R-410A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Replacement Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Evaporator Coil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Interconnecting Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-13
Evacuation Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Start-Up and Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Checking Airflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Checking Refrigerant Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Electrical Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
High and Low Pressure Controls (HPC or LPC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Field Installed Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Trouble Shooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20-22
Trouble Shooting Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Wiring Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24-26
CHECKING PRODUCT RECEIVED
Upon receiving unit, inspect it for any shipping damage. Claims for damage, either
apparent or concealed, should be filed immediately with the shipping company.
Check condensing unit model number, electrical characteristics and accessories to
determine if they are correct. Check system components (evaporator coil, condensing unit, evaporator blower, etc.) to make sure they are properly matched.
2
UNIT MODEL NUMBER EXPLANATION
FIGURE 1
DIMENSIONS AND INSTALLATION CLEARANCES
(-) A N L – 024 J A Z
COOLING CONNECTION FITTING
Z - SCROLL COMPRESSOR
VARIATIONS
A - Series = FULL FEATURED
AIR DISCHARGE
ALLOW 60” [1524 mm] CLEARANCE
ELECTRICAL DESIGNATION
J = 208/230V-1-60
C = 208/230V-3-60 [Available only on
(-)ANL- Models]
D = 460V-3-60
Y = 575V-3-60
}
BTU/HR x 1000 (COOLING CAPACITY)
018 = 18,000 BTU/HR
024 = 24,000 BTU/HR
030/031 = 30,000 BTU/HR
036/037 = 36,000 BTU/HR
042/043 = 42,000 BTU/HR
048/049 = 48,000 BTU/HR
060 = 60,000 BTU/HR
A
ACCESS
PANEL
DESIGN SERIES
L = R-410A
M = R410 2ND DESIGN SERIES
AIR INLETS
(LOUVERS)
ALLOW 6” [153 mm]
MIN. CLEARANCE
3 SIDES
N = STANDARD EFFICIENCY
P = HIGH EFFICIENCY
ALLOW 24” [610 mm]
SERVICE ACCESS
CLEARANCE
001
A-00
REMOTE CONDENSING UNIT
TRADE NAME
A-00002
0003
A-0
BOTTOM VIEW SHOWING DRAIN OPENINGS
(\\\\\ SHADED AREAS).
DIMENSIONAL DATA
CONDENSING UNIT MODEL
(-)ANL
018
024/031
030
036/042
049
LENGTH “H” (INCHES)
LENGTH “L” (INCHES)
WIDTH “W” (INCHES)
19"
351⁄2"
243⁄4"
19"
401⁄2"
275⁄8"
19"
443⁄8"
311⁄2"
25"
B 3⁄8"
44
29"
443⁄8"
311⁄2"
311⁄2"
043/037 048/060
23"
443⁄8"
311⁄2"
33"
443⁄8"
311⁄2"
CONDENSING UNIT MODEL
(-)APL
018JAZ/024JAZ
030JAZ
036JAZ/042JAZ
048JAZ/060JAZ
LENGTH “H” (INCHES)
LENGTH “L” (INCHES)
WIDTH “W” (INCHES)
19"
401⁄2"
275⁄8"
29"
443⁄8"
311⁄2"
33"
443⁄8"
311⁄2"
CONDENSING UNIT MODEL
(-)APM
018JAZ
024JAZ
030JAZ
036JAZ/042JAZ
048JAZ/060JAZ
LENGTH “H” (INCHES)
LENGTH “L” (INCHES)
WIDTH “W” (INCHES)
19"
401⁄2"
275⁄8"
29"
443⁄8"
311⁄2"
33"
443⁄8"
311⁄2"
3
TABLE 1
(-)ANL ELECTRICAL AND PHYSICAL DATA
Model
Number
(-)ANL-
018JAZ
024JAZ
030JAZ
031JAZ
036CAZ
036DAZ
036JAZ
037CAZ
037DAZ
037JAZ
042CAZ
042DAZ
042JAZ
043CAZ
043DAZ
043JAZ
048CAZ
048DAZ
048JAZ
048YAZ
049CAZ
049DAZ
049JAZ
049YAZ
060CAZ
060DAZ
060JAZ
060YAZ
ELECTRICAL
PHYSICAL
Compressor
Fuse or HACR
Fan Motor Minimum
Refrig.
Outdoor Coil
Phase
Circuit Breaker
Rated
Locked Full Load Circuit
Per
Frequency (Hz) Load
Rotor Amperes Ampacity
Circuit
Minimum
Maximum
Face
Area
No.
CFM
Voltage (Volts) Amperes Amperes
(FLA)
Amperes Amperes Amperes Sq. Ft. [m2] Rows
Oz. [g]
[L/s]
(RLA)
(LRA)
1-60-208/230
9/9
48
0.6
12/12
15/15
20/20
9.07 [0.84]
1
1775 [838] 70 [1984]
1-60-208/230 12.8/12.8 58.3
0.6
17/17
20/20
25/25
11 [1.02]
1
1920 [906] 72 [2041]
1-60-208/230 14.1/14.1
73
0.8
19/19
25/25
30/30
12.94 [1.2]
1 2470 [1166] 94 [2665]
1-60-208/230 14.1/14.1
73
0.6
19/19
25/25
30/30
11.1 [1.02]
1
1920 [906] 83 [2353]
3-60-208-230 13.2/13.2
88
0.8
18/18
25/25
30/30
17.26 [1.6]
1 2570 [1213] 113 [3204]
3-60-460
6.0
44
0.4
8
15
15
17.26 [1.6]
1 2570 [1213] 113 [3204]
1-60-208/230 17.9/17.9 112
0.8
24/24
30/30
40/40
17.26 [1.6]
1 2570 [1213] 113 [3204]
3-60-208-230 13.2/13.2
88
1.2
18/18
25/25
30/30
16.1 [1.5]
1 2300 [1085] 106 [3005]
3-60-460
6.0
44
0.6
9
15
15
16.1 [1.5]
1 2300 [1085] 106 [3005]
1-60-208/230 17.9/17.9 112
1.2
24/24
30/30
40/40
16.1 [1.5]
1 2300 [1085] 106 [3005]
3-60-208-230 13.5/13.5
88
1.2
19/19
25/25
30/30
17.26 [1.6]
1 3290 [1553] 130 [3686]
3-60-460
6.0
44
0.6
9
15
15
17.26 [1.6]
1 3290 [1553] 130 [3686]
1-60-208/230 17.9/17.9 112
1.2
24/24
30/30
40/40
17.26 [1.6]
1 3290 [1553] 130 [3686]
3-60-208-230 13.5/13.5 83.1
1.2
19/19
25/25
30/30
17.26 [1.6]
1 3200 [1510] 115 [3260]
3-60-460
6.0
44
0.6
9
15
15
17.26 [1.6]
1 3200 [1510] 115 [3260]
1-60-208/230 19.9/19.9 109
1.2
27/27
35/35
45/45
17.26 [1.6]
1 3200 [1510] 115 [3260]
3-60-208-230 13.7/13.7 83.1
1.2
19/19
25/25
30/30
23.01 [2.14] 1 3500 [1652] 145 [4111]
3-60-460
6.2
41
0.6
9
15
15
23.01 [2.14] 1 3500 [1652] 145 [4111]
1-60-208/230 21.8/21.8 117
1.2
29/29
35/35
50/50
23.01 [2.14] 1 3500 [1652] 145 [4111]
3-60-575
4.8
33
0.5
7
15
15
23.01 [2.14] 1 3500 [1652] 145 [4111]
3-60-208-230 13.7/13.7 83.1
1.2
19/19
25/25
30/30
20.1 [1.8]
1 3200 [1510] 132 [3742]
3-60-460
6.2
41
0.6
9
15
15
20.1 [1.8]
1 3200 [1510] 132 [3742]
1-60-208/230 21.8/21.8 117
1.2
29/29
35/35
50/50
20.1 [1.8]
1 3200 [1510] 132 [3742]
3-60-575
4.8
33
0.5
7
15
15
20.1 [1.8]
1 3200 [1510] 132 [3742]
3-60-208-230 15.6/15.6 110
1.2
21/21
25/25
35/35
23.01 [2.14] 1 3500 [1652] 180 [5103]
3-60-460
7.8
52
0.6
11
15
15
23.01 [2.14] 1 3500 [1652] 180 [5103]
1-60-208/230 26.3/26.3 134
1.2
35/35
45/45
60/60
23.01 [2.14] 1 3500 [1652] 180 [5103]
3-60-575
5.8
38.9
0.5
8
15
15
23.01 [2.14] 1 3500 [1652] 180 [5103]
Weight
Net
Lbs. [kg]
Shipping
Lbs. [kg]
130 [59]
140 [63.5]
160 [72.6]
142 [54]
205 [93]
205 [93]
205 [93]
160 [72]
160 [72]
160 [72]
205 [93]
205 [93]
205 [93]
205 [93]
205 [93]
205 [93]
230 [104.3]
230 [104.3]
230 [104.3]
230 [104.3]
235 [106]
235 [106]
235 [106]
235 [106]
250 [113.4]
250 [113.4]
250 [113.4]
250 [113.4]
140 [63.5]
150 [68]
170 [77.1]
152 [70]
215 [97.5]
215 [97.5]
215 [97.5]
170 [77]
170 [77]
170 [77]
215 [97.5]
215 [97.5]
215 [97.5]
215 [97]
215 [97]
215 [97]
240 [108.9]
240 [108.9]
240 [108.9]
240 [108.9]
245 [111]
245 [111]
245 [111]
245 [111]
260 [117.9]
260 [117.9]
260 [117.9]
260 [117.9]
TABLE 2
(-)APL ELECTRICAL AND PHYSICAL DATA
ELECTRICAL
PHYSICAL
Compressor
Fuse or HACR
Model
Refrig.
Fan Motor Minimum
Outdoor Coil
Phase
Circuit Breaker
Number
Per
Full Load Circuit
Rated
Load
Locked
Rotor
(-)APL- Frequency (Hz) Amperes
Circuit
Amperes Ampacity Minimum Maximum Face Area No.
Amperes
CFM
Voltage (Volts)
Oz. [g]
(FLA) Amperes Amperes Amperes Sq. Ft. [m2] Rows
{RLA)
(LRA)
[L/s]
018J*Z
024J*Z
030J*Z
036J*Z
042J*Z
048J*Z
060J*Z
4
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
9/9
13.5/13.5
12.8/12.8
16.7/16.7
17.9/17.9
21.8/21.8
26.4/26.4
48
58.3
64
79
112
117
134
0.8
0.8
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
13/13
18/18
18/18
23/23
24/24
29/29
35/35
15/15
25/25
25/25
30/30
30/30
35/35
45/45
20/20
30/30
30/30
35/35
40/40
50/50
60/60
11 [1.02]
11 [1.02]
20 [1.86]
23.01 [2.14]
23.01 [2.14]
23.01 [2.14]
44 [4.09]
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1900 [897]
2300 [1085]
3200 [1510]
3200 [1510]
3200 [1510]
3300 [1557]
3100 [1463]
79 [2240]
105 [2977]
135 [3827]
141 [3997]
152 [4309]
152 [4309]
286 [8108]
Weight
Net
Lbs. [kg]
Shipping
Lbs. [kg]
140 [63.5] 155 [70.3]
140 [63.5] 187 [84.8]
200 [90.7] 213 [96.6]
230 [104.3] 228 [103.4]
230 [104.3] 252 [114.3]
230 [104.3] 253 [114.8]
280 [127] 305 [138.3]
TABLE 3
(-)APM ELECTRICAL AND PHYSICAL DATA
ELECTRICAL
PHYSICAL
Compressor
Fuse
or
HACR
Model
Refrig.
Fan Motor Minimum
Outdoor Coil
Phase
Circuit Breaker
Number
Per
Rated Load Locked Rotor Full Load Circuit
Frequency
(Hz)
(-)APMCircuit
Amperes Ampacity Minimum Maximum Face Area No.
Amperes
CFM
Voltage (Volts) Amperes
Oz. [g]
(FLA) Amperes Amperes Amperes Sq. Ft. [m2] Rows
{RLA)
(LRA)
[L/s]
018JAZ
024JAZ
030JAZ
036JAZ
042JAZ
048JAZ
060JAZ
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
1-60-208/230
9/9
13.5/13.5
12.8/12.8
16/16
17.9/17.9
21.8/21.8
26.4/26.4
48
58.3
64
79
112
117
134
! WARNING
THE MANUFACTURER’S WARRANTY DOES NOT COVER ANY DAMAGE OR DEFECT TO THE
AIR CONDITIONER CAUSED BY
THE ATTACHMENT OR USE OF ANY
COMPONENTS. ACCESSORIES OR
DEVICES (OTHER THAN THOSE
AUTHORIZED BY THE MANUFACTURER) INTO, ONTO OR IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE AIR CONDITIONER. YOU SHOULD BE AWARE
THAT THE USE OF UNAUTHORIZED
COMPONENTS, ACCESSORIES OR
DEVICES MAY ADVERSELY AFFECT
THE OPERATION OF THE AIR CONDITIONER AND MAY ALSO ENDANGER LIFE AND PROPERTY. THE
MANUFACTURER DISCLAIMS ANY
RESPONSIBILITY FOR SUCH LOSS
OR INJURY RESULTING FROM THE
USE OF SUCH UNAUTHORIZED
COMPONENTS, ACCESSORIES OR
DEVICES.
MATCH ALL COMPONENTS:
• OUTDOOR UNIT
• INDOOR COIL/METERING DEVICE
• INDOOR AIR HANDLER/FURNACE
• REFRIGERANT LINES
0.8
1.1
0.8
0.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
13/13
18/18
17/17
21/21
26/26
31/31
36/36
15/15
25/25
25/25
25/25
30/30
40/40
45/45
20/20
30/30
25/25
35/35
40/40
50/50
60/60
11 [1.02]
20 [1.86]
20 [1.86]
23.01 [2.14]
23.01 [2.14]
23.01 [2.14]
23 [2.14]
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2300 [1085]
3300 [1557]
3300 [1557]
3300 [1557]
3300 [1557]
3300 [1557]
3300 [1557]
82 [2325]
128 [3629]
129 [3657]
146 [4139]
152 [4309]
203 [5755]
262 [7428]
Weight
Net
Lbs. [kg]
Shipping
Lbs. [kg]
137[62.1]
190 [86.2]
200 [90.7]
201 [91.2]
224 [101.6]
265 [120.2]
274 [124.3]
152 [68.9]
205 [93]
213 [96.6]
223 [101.2]
246 [111.6]
290 [131.5]
299 [135.6]
GENERAL
The information contained in this manual has been prepared to assist in the proper
installation, operation and maintenance of the air conditioning system. Improper
installation, or installation not made in accordance with these instructions, can
result in unsatisfactory operation and/or dangerous conditions, and can cause the
related warranty not to apply.
Read this manual and any instructions packaged with separate equipment required
to make up the system prior to installation. Retain this manual for future reference.
To achieve optimum efficiency and capacity, the indoor cooling coils listed in the condensing unit specification sheet should be used.
APPLICATION
Before installing any air conditioning equipment, a duct analysis of the structure and
a heat gain calculation must be made. A heat gain calculation begins by measuring
all external surfaces and openings that gain heat from the surrounding air and
quantifying that heat gain. A heat gain calculation also calculates the extra heat
load caused by sunlight and by humidity removal.
There are several factors that the installers must consider:
•
•
•
•
Outdoor unit location
System refrigerant charge
Indoor unit blower speed
System air balancing
•
•
•
•
Proper equipment evacuation
Indoor unit airflow
Supply and return air duct design and sizing
Diffuser and return air grille location and sizing
CORROSIVE ENVIRONMENT
The metal parts of this unit may be subject to rust or deterioration if exposed to a
corrosive environment. This oxidation could shorten the equipment’s useful life.
Corrosive elements include, but are not limited to, salt spray, fog or mist in seacoast
areas, sulphur or chlorine from lawn watering systems, and various chemical contaminants from industries such as paper mills and petroleum refineries.
If the unit is to be installed in an area where contaminants are likely to be a problem, special attention should be given to the equipment location and exposure.
•
Avoid having lawn sprinkler heads spray directly on the unit cabinet.
•
In coastal areas, locate the unit on the side of the building away from the waterfront.
•
Shielding provided by a fence or shrubs may give some protection, but cannot
violate minimum airflow and service access clearances.
•
Elevating the unit off its slab or base enough to allow air circulation will help
avoid holding water against the basepan.
Regular maintenance will reduce the build-up of contaminants and help to protect
the unit’s finish.
5
! WARNING
DISCONNECT
ALL
POWER
TO
UNIT
BEFORE
STARTING
MAINTENANCE. FAILURE TO DO SO CAN CAUSE ELECTRICAL SHOCK
RESULTING IN SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
•
Frequent washing of the cabinet, fan blade and coil with fresh water will remove
most of the salt or other contaminants that build up on the unit.
•
Regular cleaning and waxing of the cabinet with an automobile polish will provide some protection.
•
A liquid cleaner may be used several times a year to remove matter that will not
wash off with water.
Several different types of protective coatings are offered in some areas. These
coatings may provide some benefit, but the effectiveness of such coating materials
cannot be verified by the equipment manufacturer.
LOCATING UNIT
CONDENSER LOCATION
Consult local and national building codes and ordinances for special installation
requirements. Following location information will provide longer life and simplified
servicing of the outdoor condenser.
NOTE: These units must be installed outdoors. No ductwork can be attached, or
other modifications made, to the discharge grille. Modifications will affect performance or operation.
OPERATIONAL ISSUES
•
•
•
•
IMPORTANT: Locate the condenser in a manner that will not prevent, impair or
compromise the performance of other equipment horizontally installed in proximity to the unit. Maintain all required minimum distances to gas and electric
meters, dryer vents, exhaust and inlet openings. In the absence of National
Codes, or manaufacturers’ recommendations, local code recommendations and
requirements will take presidence.
Refrigerant piping and wiring should be properly sized and kept as short as possible to avoid capacity losses and increased operating costs.
Locate the condenser where water run off will not create a problem with the
equipment. Position the unit away from the drip edge of the roof whenever possible. Units are weatherized, but can be affected by the following:
o Water pouring into the unit from the junction of rooflines, without protective
guttering. Large volumes of water entering the condenser while in operation
can impact fan blade or motor life, and coil damage may occur to a heat
pump if moisture cannot drain from the unit under freezing conditions.
Closely follow clearance recommendations on Page 3.
o 24” to the service panel access
o 60” above condenser fan discharge (unit top) to prevent recirculation
o 6” to condenser coil grille air inlets (per condenser).
FOR CONDENSERS WITH SPACE LIMITATIONS
In the event that a space limitation exists, we will permit the following clearances:
Single Unit Applications: Clearances below 6 inches will reduce unit capacity and
efficiency. Do not reduce the 60-inch discharge, or the 24-inch service clearances.
Multiple Unit Applications: When multiple condenser grille sides are aligned, a 6inch per unit clearance is recommended, for a total of 12" between two units. Two
combined clearances below 12 inches will reduce capacity and efficiency. Do not
reduce the 60-inch discharge, or 24-inch service, clearances.
•
6
Do not obstruct the bottom drain opening in the condenser base pan. It is
essential to provide defrost condensate drainage to prevent possible refreezing
of the condensation. Provide a base pad for mounting the unit, which is slightly
pitched away from the structure. Route condensate off the base pad to an area
which will not become slippery and result in personal injury.
CUSTOMER SATISFACTION ISSUES
•
•
The condenser should be located away from the living, sleeping and recational spaces of the owner and those spaces on adjoining property.
To prevent noise transmissionm, the mounting pad for the outdoor unit should
not be connected to the structure, and should be located sufficient distance
above grade to prevent ground water from enteriing the unit.
PROPER INSTALLATION
Proper sizing and installation of equipment is critical to achieve optimal performance. Use the information in this Installation Instruction Manual and reference the
applicable Engineering Specification Sheet when installing this product.
IMPORTANT: This product has been designed and manufactured to meet ENERGY
STAR® criteria for energy efficiency when matched with appropriate coil components. However, proper refrigerant charge and proper air flow are critical to achieve
rated capacity and efficiency. Installation of this product should follow the manufacturer’s refrigerant charging and air flow instructions. Failure to confirm proper
charge and airflow may reduce energy efficiency and shorten equipment life.
UNIT MOUNTING
If elevating the condensing unit, either on a flat roof or on a slab, observe the
following guidelines.
•
The base pan provided elevates the condenser coil 3/4” above the base pad.
•
If elevating a unit on a flat roof, use 4” x 4” (or equivalent) stringers positioned
to distribute unit weight evenly and prevent noise and vibration.
NOTE: Do not block drain openings shown in Figure 1.
FACTORY-PREFERRED TIE-DOWN METHOD
FOR CONDENSING UNITS
IMPORTANT: These instructions are intended as a guide to securing equipment for
wind-load ratings of “120 MPH sustained wind load” and “3-second, 150 MPH gust.”
While this procedure is not mandatory, the Manufacturer does recommend that
equipment be properly secured in areas where high wind damage may occur.
STEP 1: Before installing, clear pad of any dirt or debris.
IMPORTANT: The pad must be constructed of industry-approved materials,
and must be thick enough to accommodate the concrete fastener.
STEP 2: Center base pan on pad, ensuring it is level.
STEP 3: Using basepad as a guide, mark spots on concrete where 4 holes will be
drilled (see Figure 2).
TABLE 4
DIMENSIONS
MODEL NUMBER
(-)ANL-018/024/030, (-)APL-018/024, (-)ANL-031, (-)APM-018
(-)ANL-037/043/049, (-)ANL-036/042/048/060,
(-)APL-030/036/042/048/060, (-)APM-024/030/036/042/048/060
L
375⁄8"
W
2515⁄16"
A
15"
B
34"
C
31⁄2"
D
221⁄2"
411⁄2"
2913⁄16"
15"
38"
31⁄2"
261⁄2"
S
STEP 4: Drill four pilot holes in pad, ensuring that the hole is at least 1/4” deeper
than the concrete screw being used.
STEP 5: Center basepan over pre-drilled holes and insert concrete screws.
STEP 6: Tighten concrete screws.
NOTE: Do not over-tighten the concrete screws. Doing so can weaken the
integrity of the concrete screw and cause it to break.
STEP 7: Finish unit assembly per unit’s installation instructions.
7
FIGURE 2
SCREW LOCATIONS
REFRIGERANT CONNECTIONS
All units are factory charged with Refrigerant 410A. All models are supplied with
service valves. Keep tube ends sealed until connection is to be made to prevent
system contamination.
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR INSTALLING &
SERVICING R-410A MODELS
Manifold Sets:
-Up to 800 PSIG High side
-Up to 250 PSIG Low Side
-550 PSIG Low Side Retard
Manifold Hoses:
-Service Pressure Rating of 800 PSIG
Recovery Cylinders:
-400 PSIG Pressure Rating
-Dept. of Transportation 4BA400 or BW400
! CAUTION
R-410A systems operate at higher pressures than R-22 systems. Do not use
R-22 service equipment or components on R-410A equipment.
SPECIFICATION OF R-410A:
Application: R-410A is not a drop-in replacement for R-22; equipment designs
must accommodate its higher pressures. It cannot be retrofitted into R-22 condensing units.
8
Physical Properties: R-410A has an atmospheric boiling point of -62.9°F and its
saturation pressure at 77°F is 224.5 psig.
Composition: R-410A is an azeotropic mixture of 50% by weight difluoromethane
(HFC-32) and 50% by weight pentafluoroethane (HFC-125).
Pressure: The pressure of R-410A is approximately 60% (1.6 times) greater
than R-22. Recovery and recycle equipment, pumps, hoses and the like need to
have design pressure ratings appropriate for R-410A. Manifold sets need to range
up to 800 psig high-side and 250 psig low-side with a 550 psig low-side retard.
Hoses need to have a service pressure rating of 800 psig. Recovery cylinders need
to have a 400 psig service pressure rating. DOT 4BA400 or DOT BW400.
Combustibility: At pressures above 1 atmosphere, mixture of R-410A and air can
become combustible. R-410A and air should never be mixed in tanks or supply
lines, or be allowed to accumulate in storage tanks. Leak checking should
never be done with a mixture of R-410A and air. Leak checking can be performed safely with nitrogen or a mixture of R-410A and nitrogen.
QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE FOR R-410A
• R-410A refrigerant operates at approximately 60% higher pressure (1.6 times)
than R-22. Ensure that servicing equipment is designed to operate with R-410A.
• R-410A refrigerant cylinders are pink in color.
• R-410A, as with other HFC’s is only compatible with POE oils.
• Vacuum pumps will not remove moisture from oil.
• R-410A systems are to be charged with liquid refrigerants. Prior to March 1999,
R-410A refrigerant cylinders had a dip tube. These cylinders should be kept
upright for equipment charging. Post March 1999 cylinders do not have a dip
tube and should be inverted to ensure liquid charging of the equipment.
• Do not install a suction line filter drier in the liquid line.
• A liquid line filter drier is standard on every unit. Only manufacturer approved liquid line filter driers can be used. These are Sporlan (CW083S) and Alco
(80K083S) driers. These filter driers are rated for minimum working pressure of
600 psig.
• Desiccant (drying agent) must be compatible for POE oils and R-410A.
REPLACEMENT UNITS
To prevent failure of a new condensing unit, the existing evaporator tubing system
must be correctly sized and cleaned or replaced. Care must be exercised that the
expansion device is not plugged. For new and replacement units, a liquid line filter
drier should be installed and refrigerant tubing should be properly sized. Test the oil
for acid. If positive, a suction line filter drier is mandatory.
IMPORTANT: WHEN REPLACING AN R-22 UNIT WITH AN R-410A UNIT,
EITHER REPLACE THE LINE SET OR ENSURE THAT THE EXISTING LINE SET
IS THOROUGHLY CLEANED OF ANY OLD OIL OR DEBRIS.
EVAPORATOR COIL
REFER TO EVAPORATOR COIL MANUFACTURER’S INSTALLATION
INSTRUCTIONS.
IMPORTANT: The manufacturer is not responsible for the performance and operation of a mismatched system, or for a match listed with another manufacturer’s coil.
! CAUTION
Only use evaporators approved for use on R-410A systems. Use of existing R-22
evaporators can introduce mineral oil to the R-410A refrigerant forming two different liquids and decreasing oil return to the compressor. This can result in compressor failure.
9
NOTE:
& (-)APM
units must
with a TEV Evaporator.
NOTE: All
All (-)ANL,
(-)ANL (-)APL
units must
be installed
withbea installed
TEV Evaporator.
The thermostatic expansion valve is specifically designed to operate with R-410A.
DO NOT use an R-22 TEV or evaporator. The existing evaporator must be
replaced with the factory specified TEV evaporator specifically designed for
R-410A.
LOCATION
Do not install the indoor evaporator coil in the return duct system of a gas or oil furnace. Provide a service inlet to the coil for inspection and cleaning. Keep the coil
pitched toward the drain connection.
! CAUTION
When coil is installed over a finished ceiling and/or living area, it is recommended that a secondary sheet metal condensate pan be constructed and installed
under entire unit. Failure to do so can result in property damage.
INTERCONNECTING TUBING
VAPOR AND LIQUID LINES
Keep all lines sealed until connection is made.
Make connections at the indoor coil first.
Refer to Line
Line Size
SizeInformation
InformationininTables
Tables35through
through5 7forforcorrect
correct
size
and
multipliers
size
and
multipliers
to
bebe
used
to to
determine
to
used
determinecapacity
capacityforforvarious
variousvapor
vaporline
linediameters
diametersand
and lengths
lengths of
of run.
The losses due
due to
to the
the lines
linesbeing
beingexposed
exposedtotooutdoor
outdoorconditions
conditionsare
arenot
notincluded.
included.
The factory refrigeration charge in the outdoor unit is sufficient for 15 feet of interconnecting lines. The factory refrigeration charge in the outdoor unit is sufficient for
the unit and 15 feet of standard size interconnecting liquid and vapor lines. For different lengths, adjust the charge as indicated below.
1/4” ± 0.2
oz.per
perfoot
foot
.3 oz.
5/16” ± 0.3
oz.per
perfoot
foot
.4 oz.
3/8” ± 0.5
oz.per
perfoot
foot
.6 oz.
1/2” ± 1.0
1.2 oz. per foot
MAXIMUM LENGTH OF LINES
The maximum length of interconnecting line is 150 feet. Always use the shortest
length possible with a minimum number of bends. Additional compressor oil is not
required for any length up to 150 feet.
NOTE: Excessively long refrigerant lines cause loss of equipment capacity.
OUTDOOR UNIT INSTALLED ABOVE INDOOR COIL
Keep the vertical separation between coils to a minimum. However, the vertical distance can be as great as 120 feet with the condensing unit ABOVE the indoor coil.
Use the following guidelines when installing the unit:
1.
DO NOT exceed 120 feet maximum vertical separation.
2.
DO NOT change the flow check piston sizes if the vertical separation does not
exceed the values in Table 6.
4.
3.
Flow Check Piston Coil:
a. The vertical
vertical separation
separationcan
canbebegreater
greater
than
value
in Table
no
than
thethe
value
in Table
6, but4,nobut
more
than 120
more
thanfeet.
120 feet.
b. If the separation height exceeds the Table value, reduce the indoor coil flow
check piston by two sizes plus one size for additional 10 feet beyond the
Table value.
4.
Expansion Valve Coil:
a. The vertical separation can be greater than the Table value, but no more
than 120 feet.
b. No changes are required for expansion valve coils.
10
5.
Capillary Tube Coil:
DO NOT exceed the Table values for vertical separation for capillary tube coils.
6.
Always use the smallest liquid line size permitted to minimize the system
charge.
7. Table
Table 64 may
may be
be used for sizing horizontal runs.
OUTDOOR UNIT BELOW INDOOR COIL
Keep the vertical separation to a minimum. Use the following guidelines when
installing the unit:
1.
DO NOT exceed the vertical
vertical separations
separations as
as indicated
indicated on
on Table
Table 5.
6.
2.
Always use the smallest liquid line size permitted to minimize system charge.
3.
No changes are required for either flow check piston coils or expansions coils.
4. Table
Table 65 may
may be
be used for sizing horizontal runs.
TUBING INSTALLATION
Observe the following when installing correctly sized type “L” refrigerant tubing
between the condensing unit and evaporator coil:
•
If a portion of the liquid line passes through a hot area where liquid refrigerant
can be heated to form vapor, insulating the liquid line is required.
•
Use clean, dehydrated, sealed refrigeration grade tubing.
•
Always keep tubing sealed until tubing is in place and connections are to be
made.
•
Blow out the liquid and vapor lines with dry nitrogen before connecting to the
outdoor unit and indoor coil. Any debris in the line set will end up plugging the
expansion device.
•
As an added precaution, a high quality filter drier is standard on R-410A units.
•
Do not allow the vapor line and liquid line to be in contact with each other. This
causes an undesirable heat transfer resulting in capacity loss and increased
power consumption. The vapor line must be insulated.
•
If tubing has been cut, make sure ends are deburred while holding in a position
to prevent chips from falling into tubing. Burrs such as those caused by tubing
cutters can affect performance dramatically, particularly on small liquid line
sizes.
•
For best operation, keep tubing run as short as possible with a minimum number of elbows or bends.
•
Locations where the tubing will be exposed to mechanical damage should be
avoided. If it is necessary to use such locations, the copper tubing should be
housed to prevent damage.
•
If tubing is to be run underground, it must be run in a sealed watertight chase.
•
Use care in routing tubing and do not kink or twist. Use a good tubing bender
on the vapor line to prevent kinking.
•
Route the tubing using temporary hangers, then straighten the tubing and
install permanent hangers. Line must be adequately supported.
•
The vapor line must be insulated to prevent dripping (sweating) and prevent
performance losses. Armaflex and Rubatex are satisfactory insulations for this
purpose. Use 1/2” minimum insulation thickness, additional insulation may be
required for long runs.
•
Table 53 for
for the
the correct
correct vapor
vapor line
line size.
size. check
CheckTable
Tables
4 and
for theliquid
corCheck Table
6 for
the 5
correct
line
rect size.
liquid line size.
11
TABLE 5
SUCTION LINE LENGTH/SIZE AND CAPACITY MULTIPLIER
Unit Size
11⁄2 Ton
2 Ton
21⁄2 Ton
3 Ton
31⁄2 Ton
4 Ton
5 Ton
Suction Line
Connection Size
3/4" I.D.
3/4" I.D.
3/4" I.D.
7/8" I.D.
7/8" I.D.
7/8" I.D.
7/8" I.D.
5/8
5/8
5/8
3/4
3/4
7/8
7/8
Suction Line
Run - Feet
3/4*
3/4*
3/4*
7/8*
7/8*
1 1/8*
1 1/8*
25’
50’
100’
150’
—
—
7/8
—
—
—
—
Optional
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
Standard
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
Optional
—
—
1.00
—
—
—
—
Optional
0.98
0.98
0.96
0.98
0.99
0.99
0.99
Standard
0.99
0.99
0.98
0.99
0.99
0.99
0.99
Optional
—
—
0.99
—
—
—
—
Optional
0.95
0.95
0.94
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.97
Standard
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.98
0.98
Optional
—
—
0.97
—
—
—
—
Optional
0.92
0.92
0.91
0.94
0.94
0.95
0.94
Standard
0.93
0.94
0.93
0.95
0.96
0.96
0.97
Optional
—
—
0.95
—
—
—
—
*Standard Line Size
Note: Using suction line larger than shown in chart will result in poor oil return and is not recommended.
TUBING CONNECTIONS
Indoor evaporator coils have only a holding charge of dry nitrogen. Keep all tube
ends sealed until connections are to be made.
•
Use type “L” copper refrigeration tubing. Braze the connections with the following alloys:
–
–
–
–
12
copper to copper - 5%
Silver alloy (no flux)
copper to steel or brass - 35%
silver alloy (with flux)
•
Be certain both refrigerant shutoff valves at the outdoor unit are closed.
•
Clean the inside of the fittings and outside of the tubing with steel wool or sand
cloth before soldering. Always keep chips, steel wool, dirt, etc., out of the inside
when cleaning.
•
Assemble tubing part way into fitting. Apply flux all around the outside of the
tubing and push tubing into stop. This procedure will keep the flux from getting
inside the system.
•
Remove the cap and schrader core from service port to protect seals from heat
damage.
•
Use an appropriate heatsink material around the copper stub and the service
valves before applying heat.
•
IMPORTANT: Do not braze any fitting with the TEV sensing bulb attached.
•
Braze the tubing between the outdoor unit and indoor coil. Flow dry nitrogen
into a service port and through the tubing while brazing.
•
After brazing – use an appropriate heatsink material to cool the joint and
remove any flux residue.
•
The service valves are not backseating valves. To open the valves, remove the
valve cap with an adjustable wrench. Insert a 3/16” or 5/16” hex wrench into the
stem. Back out counterclockwise.
•
Replace the valve cap finger tight then tighten an additional 1/2 hex flat for a
metal-to-metal seal.
TABLE 6
LIQUID LINE SIZE — OUTDOOR UNIT ABOVE INDOOR COIL
System
Capacity
Line Size
Connection Line Size
Size
(Inch O.D.)
(Inch I.D.)
Liquid Line Size
Outdoor Unit Above Indoor Coil
(Cooling Only - Does not apply to Heat Pumps)
Total
25
50
75
100
125
150
8
0
0
81
0
0
N/A
0
0
0
0
35
0
0
0
0
0
24
0
0
108
0
0
N/A
0
0
9
0
54
0
0
0
0
0
125
150
N/A
53
70
N/A
16
68
N/A
17
62
7
58
NA
30
22
53
32
79
N/A
49
68
N/A
9
65
N/A
6
58
N/A
53
N/A
24
15
52
20
76
Minimum Vertical Separation - Feet
11⁄2 Ton
3/8ⴖ
2 Ton
3/8ⴖ
21⁄2 Ton
3/8ⴖ
3 Ton
3/8ⴖ
31⁄2 Ton
3/8ⴖ
4 Ton
3/8ⴖ
5 Ton
3/8ⴖ
System
Capacity
1/4
5/16
3/8*
1/4
5/16
3/8*
1/4
5/16
3/8*
5/16
3/8*
5/16
3/8*
3/8*
1/2
3/8*
1/2
Line Size
Connection Line Size
Size
(Inch O.D.)
(Inch I.D.)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
29
0
0
56
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
55
0
0
98
0
0
0
0
16
0
0
0
0
0
Liquid Line Size
Outdoor unit below Indoor Coil
Total
25
50
75
100
Maximum Vertical Separation - Feet
11⁄2 Ton
3/8ⴖ
2 Ton
3/8ⴖ
21⁄2 Ton
3/8ⴖ
3 Ton
3/8ⴖ
31⁄2 Ton
3/8ⴖ
4 Ton
3/8ⴖ
5 Ton
3/8ⴖ
1/4
5/16
3/8*
1/4
5/16
3/8*
1/4
5/16
3/8*
5/16
3/8*
5/16
3/8*
3/8*
1/2
3/8*
1/2
25
25
25
23
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
40
50
50
N/A
36
50
N/A
49
50
50
50
23
50
46
50
50
50
25
62
75
N/A
29
72
N/A
38
68
37
68
4
43
38
56
56
75
9
58
72
N/A
23
70
N/A
27
65
22
63
N/A
36
30
55
44
81
*Standard Line Size
N/A - Application not recommended.
13
LEAK TESTING
•
Pressurize line set and coil through service fittings with dry nitrogen to 150 psig
maximum. Leak test all joints using liquid detergent. If a leak is found, recover
pressure and repair.
! WARNING
DO NOT USE OXYGEN TO PURGE LINES OR PRESSURIZE SYSTEM FOR
LEAK TEST. OXYGEN REACTS VIOLENTLY WITH OIL, WHICH CAN
CAUSE AN EXPLOSION RESULTING IN SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY OR
DEATH.
EVACUATION PROCEDURE
Evacuation is the most important part of the entire service procedure. The life and
efficiency of the equipment is dependent upon the thoroughness exercised by the
serviceman when evacuating air and moisture from the system.
Air in the system causes high condensing temperatures and pressure, resulting in
increased power input and non-verifiable performance.
Moisture chemically reacts with the refrigerant and oil to form corrosive hydrofluoric
and hydrochloric acids. These attack motor windings and parts, causing breakdown.
After the system has been leak checked and proven sealed, connect the vacuum
pump and evacuate system to 500 microns. The vacuum pump must be connected
to both the high and low sides of the system through adequate connections. Use
the largest size connections available since restrictive service connections may lead
to false readings because of pressure drop through the fittings.
IMPORTANT: Compressors (especially scroll type) should never be used to evacuate the air conditioning system because internal electrical arcing may result in a
damaged or failed compressor.
START UP AND PERFORMANCE
Even though the unit is factory charged with Refrigerant-410A, the charge must be
checked to the charge table attached to the service panel and adjusted, if required.
Allow a minimum of 5 minutes running. Before analyzing charge, see the instructions on the unit service panel rating plate for marking the total charge.
CHECKING AIRFLOW
The air distribution system has the greatest effect. The duct system is totally controlled by the contractor. For this reason, the contractor should use only industryrecognized procedures.
The correct air quantity is critical to air conditioning systems. Proper operation, efficiency, compressor life, and humidity control depend on the correct balance
between indoor load and outdoor unit capacity. Excessive indoor airflow increases
the possibility of high humidity problems. Low indoor airflow reduces total capacity,
and causes coil icing. Serious harm can be done to the compressor by low airflow,
such as that caused by refrigerant flooding.
Air conditioning systems require a specified airflow. Each ton of cooling requires
between 350 and 450 cubic feet of air per minute (CFM), or 400 CFM nominally.
Duct design and construction should be carefully done. System performance can be
lowered dramatically through bad planning or workmanship.
Air supply diffusers must be selected and located carefully. They must be sized and
positioned to deliver treated air along the perimeter of the space. If they are too
small for their intended airflow, they become noisy. If they are not located properly,
they cause drafts. Return air grilles must be properly sized to carry air back to the
blower. If they are too small, they also cause noise.
14
The installers should balance the air distribution system to ensure proper quiet airlow to all rooms in the home. This ensures a comfortable living space.
These simple mathematical formulas can be used to determine the CFM in a residential or light commercial system.
Electric resistance heaters can use
CFM =
volts x amps x 3.414
1.08 x temp rise
Gas furnaces can use
CFM =
BTUH
∆T x 1.08
An air velocity meter or airflow hood can give a more accurate reading of the system CFM’s.
CHECKING REFRIGERANT CHARGE
Charge for all systems should be checked against the Charging Chart inside the
access panel cover. Before using the chart, the indoor conditions must be within
2°F of desired comfort conditions and system must be run until operating conditions
stabilize (15 min. to 30 min.)
! CAUTION
THE TOP OF THE SCROLL COMPRESSOR SHELL IS HOT. TOUCHING THE
COMPRESSOR TOP MAY RESULT IN SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY.
IMPORTANT: Do not operate the compressor without charge in system.
Addition of R-410A will raise pressures (vapor, liquid and discharge) and lower
vapor temperature.
If adding R-410A raises both vapor pressure and temperature, the unit is overcharged.
IMPORTANT: Use industry-approved charging methods to ensure proper system
charge.
CHARGING BY LIQUID PRESSURE
Liquid pressure method is used for charging systems in the cooling mode when an
expansion valve is used on the evaporator. The service port on the liquid service
valve (small valve) is used for this purpose.
Read and record the outdoor ambient temperature entering the condensing unit,
and the liquid line pressure at the service valve (the small valve). Locate the charging chart attached to the unit. The correct liquid line pressure will by found by finding the intersection of the unit model size and the outdoor ambient temperature.
Adjust the liquid line pressure but either adding refrigerant to raise pressure or
removing refrigerant to lower pressure.
CHARGING UNITS WITH R-410A REFRIGERANT
Checking the charge, or charging units using R-410A refrigerant, differs from those
with R-22. The following procedures apply to units with R-410A refrigerant. These
procedures require outdoor ambient temperature, liquid line pressure and indoor
wet bulb temperature be used.
IMPORTANT: ONLY ADD LIQUID REFRIGERANT CHARGE INTO THE SUCTION
LINE WITH R-410A UNITS. USE A COMMERCIAL METERING DEVICE TO ADD
CHARGE INTO THE SUCTION LINE WITHOUT DAMAGE TO THE COMPRESSOR.
1. Read and record the outdoor ambient temperature entering the condensing
unit.
2. Read and record the liquid line pressure at the small service valve.
15
3.
4.
5.
Read and record the indoor ambient wet bulb temperature entering the indoor
coil.
Use the appropriate charging chart to compare the actual liquid pressure to the
correct pressure as listed on the chart.
R-410A charging charts are listed on the unit.
! CAUTION
R-410A PRESSURE ARE APPROXIMATELY 60% HIGHER THAN R-22
PRESSURES. USE APPROPRIATE CARE WHEN USING THIS REFRIGERANT. FAILURE TO EXERCISE CARE MAY RESULT IN EQUIPMENT DAMAGE, OR PERSONAL INJURY.
CHARGING BY WEIGHT
For a new installation, evacuation of interconnecting tubing and evaporator coil is
adequate; otherwise, evacuate the entire system. Use the factory charge shown in
Table 1 of these instructions or unit data plate. Note that charge value includes
charge required for 15 ft. of standard size interconnecting liquid line. Calculate actual charge required with installed liquid line size and length using:
1/4” O.D. = 0.2 oz./ft.
5/16” O.D. = 0.3 oz./ft.
3/8” O.D. = 0.5 oz./ft.
1/2” O.D. = 1.0 oz./ft.
With an accurate scale (+/– 1 oz.) or volumetric charging device, adjust charge difference between that shown on the unit data plate and that calculated for the new
system installation. If the entire system has been evacuated, add the total calculated charge.
NOTE: When the total refrigerant charge volume exceeds the values in Tables 1, 2
and 3, the manufacturer recommends installing a crankcase heater and start kit.
FINAL LEAK TESTING
After the unit has been properly evacuated and charged, a halogen leak detector
should be used to detect leaks in the system. All piping within the condensing unit,
evaporator, and interconnecting tubing should be checked for leaks. If a leak is
detected, the refrigerant should be recovered before repairing the leak. The Clean Air
Act prohibits venting refrigerant into the atmosphere.
ELECTRICAL WIRING
Field wiring must comply with the National Electric Code (C.E.C. in Canada) and any
applicable local code.
POWER WIRING
It is important that proper electrical power from a commercial utility is available at the
condensing unit contactor. Voltage ranges for operation are shown in Table 7.
Install a branch circuit disconnect within sight of the unit and of adequate size to
handle the starting current (see Tables 1 and 2).
Power wiring must be run in a rain-tight conduit. Conduit must be run through the
connector panel below the access cover (see Figure 1) and attached to the bottom
of the control box.
Connect power wiring to contactor located in outdoor condensing unit electrical box.
(See wiring diagram attached to unit access panel.)
Check all electrical connections, including factory wiring within the unit and make
sure all connections are tight.
TABLE 7
VOLTAGE RANGES (60 HZ)
Nameplate Voltage
208/230 (1 Phase)
208/230 (3 Phase)
460
575
16
Operating Voltage Range at Copeland
Maximum Load Design Conditions for
Compressors
187 - 253
187 - 253
414 - 506
517 633
DO NOT connect aluminum field wire to the contactor terminals.
GROUNDING
A grounding lug is provided near the contactor for a ground wire.
! WARNING
THE UNIT MUST BE PERMANENTLY GROUNDED. FAILURE TO DO SO
CAN CAUSE ELECTRICAL SHOCK RESULTING IN SEVERE PERSONAL
INJURY OR DEATH.
FIGURE 3
CONTROL WIRING FOR GAS OR ELECTRIC HEAT
FOR TYPICAL GAS OR OIL HEAT
FOR TYPICAL ELECTRIC HEAT
TABLE 8
Thermostat Load - Amps
FIELD WIRE SIZE FOR 24 VOLT THERMOSTAT CIRCUITS
SOLID COPPER WIRE - AWG.
3.0
2.5
2.0
16
16
18
14
14
16
12
12
14
10
12
12
10
10
12
10
10
10
50
100
150
200
250
300
Length of Run - Feet (1)
(1) Wire length equals twice the run distance.
NOTE: Do not use control wiring smaller than No. 18 AWG between thermostat and outdoor unit.
CONTROL WIRING
(See Figure 4)
If the low voltage control wiring is run in conduit with the power supply, Class I insulation is required. Class II insulation is required if run separate. Low voltage wiring
may be run through the insulated bushing provided in the 7/8 hole in the base
panel, up to and attached to the pigtails from the bottom of the control box. Conduit
can be run to the base panel if desired by removing the insulated bushing.
A thermostat and a 24 volt, 40 VA minimum transformer are required for the control
circuit of the condensing unit. The furnace or the air handler transformer may be used
if sufficient. See the wiring diagram for reference. Use Table 8 to size the 24 volt control wiring.
17
HIGH AND LOW PRESSURE CONTROLS
(HPC OR LPC)
These controls keep the compressor from operating in pressure ranges which can
cause damage to the compressor. Both controls are in the low voltage control cir-cuit.
High pressure control (HPC) is a manual reset which opens near 610 PSIG. Do not
reset arbitrarily without first determining what caused it to trip.
The low pressure control (LPC) is an automatic reset which opens near 50 PSIG and
closes near 95 PSIG.
NOTE: High and low pressure controls are standard on all (-)ANL, (-)APL, (-)APM
models.
FIELD INSTALLED ACCESSORIES
COMPRESSOR CRANKCASE HEAT (CCH)
While scroll compressors usually do not require crankcase heaters, there are
instances when a heater should be added. Refrigerant migration during the off cycle
can result in a noisy start up. Add a crankcase heater to minimize refrigeration
migration, and to help eliminate any start up noise or bearing “wash out.”
NOTE: A crankcase heater heater should be installed if: the charge of the system
exceeds the values in Tables 4 and 5, if the system is subject to voltage variations
or when a low ambient control is used for system operation below 55°F.
All heaters are located on the lower half of the compressor shell. Its purpose is to
drive refrigerant from the compressor shell during long off cycles, thus preventing
damage to the compressor during start-up.
At initial start-up or after extended shutdown periods, make sure the heater is energized for at least 12 hours before the compressor is started. (Disconnect switch on
and wall thermostat off.)
TABLE 9
MAXIMUM SYSTEM CHARGE VALUES (-)ANL
(-)ANL
Model
Size
18
24
30/31
36/37
42
43
48/49
60
Compressor
Model Number
ZP16K5E
ZP21K5E
ZP25K5E
ZP34K5E
ZP36K5E
ZP38K5F
ZP42K5E
ZP54K5E
Charge Limit
Without Crankcase
Heat (3 Phase)
8 lbs.
8 lbs.
8 lbs.
10 lbs.
10 lbs.
10 lbs.
10 lbs.
10 lbs.
Charge Limit
Without Crankcase
Heat (1 Phase)
9.6 lbs.
9.6 lbs.
9.6 lbs.
12 lbs.
12 lbs.
12 lbs.
12 lbs.
12 lbs.
TABLE 10
MAXIMUM SYSTEM CHARGE VALUES (-)APL
(-)APL
Model
Size
18
24
30
36
42
48
60
Compressor
Model Number
ZP16K5E
ZP20K5E
ZP24K5E
ZP31K5E
ZP36K5E
ZP42K5E
ZP51K5E
Charge Limit
Without Crankcase
Heat (1 Phase)
9.6 lbs.
9.6 lbs.
9.6 lbs.
9.6 lbs.
12 lbs.
12 lbs.
12 lbs.
TABLE 11
MAXIMUM SYSTEM CHARGE VALUES (-)APM
(-)APM
Model
Size
18
24
30
36
42
48
60
18
Compressor
Model Number
ZP16K5E
ZP20K5E
ZP24K5E
ZP31K5E
ZP34K5E
ZP42K5E
ZP51K5E
Charge Limit
Without Crankcase
Heat (1 Phase)
9.6 lbs.
9.6 lbs.
9.6 lbs.
9.6 lbs.
12 lbs.
12 lbs.
12 lbs.
HARD START COMPONENTS
Start components are not usually required with the scroll compressors used in
(-)ANL/(-)APL/(-)APM condensing units, but are available for special cases and
where start components are desirable to reduce light dimming.
TIME DELAY CONTROL (TDC)
The time delay (TDC) is in the low voltage control circuit. When the compressor shuts
off due to a power failure or thermostat operation, this control keeps it off at least 5
minutes which allows the system pressure to equalize, thus not damaging
the compressor or blowing fuses on start-up.
LOW AMBIENT CONTROL (LAC)
This component senses compressor head pressure and shuts the condenser fan off
when the head pressure drops below designated levels. This allows the unit to build
a sufficient head pressure at lower ambient in order to maintain system balance and
obtain improved capacity. Low ambient control should be used on all equipment operated below 65°F ambient.
OUTDOOR UNIT COVERS
Outdoor condensing unit covers are available if the homeowner requests a cover for
their unit. With the complete model number for the unit, the correct cover can be
obtained through an authorized distributor.
! CAUTION
FAILURE TO REMOVE CONDENSING UNIT COVER BEFORE OPERATING
OUTDOOR UNIT CAN CAUSE COMPONENTS TO FAIL.
SERVICE
SINGLE-POLE COMPRESSOR CONTACTOR (CC)
Single-pole contactors are used on all standard single phase units up through 5
tons. Caution must be exercised when servicing as only one leg of the power supply is broken with the contactor. Two pole contactors are used on some three
phase units.
19
TROUBLE SHOOTING
In diagnosing common faults in the air conditioning system, it is useful to present
the logical pattern of thought that is used by experienced technicians. The charts
which follow are not intended to be an answer to all problems, but only to guide
your thinking as you attempt to decide on your course of action. Through a series of
yes and no answers, you will follow the logical path to a likely conclusion.
Use these charts as you would a road map, if you are a beginning technician. As
you gain experience, you will learn where to establish the shortcuts. Remember
that the chart will help clarify the logical path to the problem.
ELECTRICAL CHECKS FLOW CHART
Unit Running?
YES
Repair and Recheck
NO
YES
Thermostat Problem?
Go to
Mechanical Checks
NO
Transformer Problem?
YES
Repair and Recheck
NO
Voltage on Compressor
Side of Contactor?
YES
NO
Run Capacitor
Voltage on Line
Side of Contactor?
Start Capacitor
NO
YES
Circuit Breakers
or Fuses Open
Compressor Contactor
YES
Hi Pressure Control
Compressor Winding
Grounded
Lo Pressure Control
Potential Relay
Compressor Internal
Overload Open
Compressor Winding Open
Unit Wiring and
Connections
Compressor Time-Delay
Condenser Fan
Grounded
Grounded Capacitor
Replace Fuses
or Reset Breakers and Recheck
20
Unit Wiring and
Connections
MECHANICAL CHECKS FLOW CHART
Unit Running?
YES
NO
Pressure problems?
Go to Electrical
Checks Flow Chart
High Head Pressure
Low Head Pressure
Low Suction Pressure
Dirty Condenser Coil
Low on Charge
Dirty Filters
Inoperative Outdoor Fan
Open IPR Valve
Dirty Evaporator
Overcharge
Low Ambient Temperature
Inadequate Airflow
Recirculation of
Condenser Air
Inoperative Compressor
Valves
Broken Indoor
Blower Belt
Non-condensibles
Restricted Filter-drier
Inoperative Indoor Blower
Higher than Ambient
Air Entering Condenser
Restriction in System
Low on Charge
Wrong Condenser Fan Rotation
Indoor Metering
Device Stuck
Closed
Faulty Metering Device
Indoor Metering Device
Stuck Open
Restriction in System
Restricted Filter-drier
Recirculation of
Evaporator Air
Wrong Evaporator
Blower Rotation
Inadequate Ducts
21
SUPERHEAT CALCULATION
TABLE
TABLE12
9
TEMPERATURE
TEMPERATURE PRESSURE
PRESSURE CHART
22
TEMP
(Deg. F)
R-410A
PSIG
-150
-140
-130
-120
-110
-100
-90
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
0.4
5.1
10.9
14.2
17.9
22.0
26.4
31.3
36.5
42.2
48.4
55.1
62.4
70.2
78.5
87.5
97.2
107.5
118.5
130.2
142.7
156.0
170.1
185.1
201.0
217.8
235.6
254.5
274.3
295.3
317.4
340.6
365.1
390.9
418.0
446.5
476.5
508.0
541.2
576.0
612.8
1. Measure the suction pressure at the suction line service valve.
2. Convert the suction pressure to saturated temperature. See Table
Table 9.
12.
3. Measure the temperature of the suction line at the suction line service valve.
4. Compare the temperature of the suction line to the saturated temperature.
5. The difference between saturated temperature and suctin line temperature is the
superheat. Superheat normal range 12° to 15°.
SUBCOOLING CALCULATION
1. Measure the liquid pressure at the liquid line service valve.
2. Convert the liquid line pressure to saturated
SeeTable
Table13.
10.
saturated temperature.
temperture. See
3. Measure the liquid line temperature at the liquid line service valve.
4. Compare the liquid line temperature to the saturated temperature.
5. The difference between saturated temperature and liquid line temperature is the
subcooling. Subcooling normal range 9° to 12°.
TABLE
TABLE 13
10
AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS
TIPS
AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM
TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS
INDICATORS
SYSTEM PROBLEM
Overcharge
DISCHARGE SUCTION
COMPRESSOR
SUPERHEAT SUBCOOLING
PRESSURE PRESSURE
AMPS
High
High
Low
High
High
Undercharge
Low
Low
High
Low
Low
Liquid Restriction (Drier)
Low
Low
High
High
Low
Low Evaporator Airflow
Low
Low
Low
Low
Low
Dirty Condenser
High
High
Low
Low
High
Low Outside Ambient Temperature
Low
Low
High
High
Low
Inefficient Compressor
Low
High
High
High
Low
TEV Feeler Bulb Charge Lost
Low
Low
High
High
Low
Poorly Insulated Sensing Bulb
High
High
Low
Low
High
TROUBLE SHOOTING CHART
!
WARNING
DISCONNECT ALL POWER TO UNIT BEFORE SERVICING. CONTACTOR MAY BREAK ONLY ONE SIDE. FAILURE
TO SHUT OFF POWER CAN CAUSE ELECTRICAL SHOCK RESULTING IN PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
SYMPTOM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Unit will not run
• Power off or loose electrical connection
• Thermostat out of calibration-set too high
• Defective contactor
• Blown fuses / tripped breaker
• Transformer defective
• High pressure control open (if provided)
Outdoor fan runs, compressor
doesn’t
Insufficient cooling
Compressor short cycles
• Run or start capacitor defective
• Start relay defective
• Loose connection
• Check for correct voltage at contactor in condensing unit
• Reset
• Check for 24 volts at contactor coil - replace if contacts are
open
• Replace fuses / reset breaker
• Check wiring-replace transformer
• Reset-also see high head pressure remedy-The high pressure
control opens at 450 PSIG
• Compressor stuck, grounded or open motor winding,
open internal overload.
• Low voltage condition
• Replace
• Replace
• Check for correct voltage at compressor check & tighten all connections
• Wait at least 2 hours for overload to reset.
If still open, replace the compressor.
• Add start kit components
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Improperly sized unit
Improper indoor airflow
Incorrect refrigerant charge
Air, non-condensibles or moisture in system
• Incorrect voltage
• Defective overload protector
• Refrigerant undercharge
Registers sweat
REMEDY
Recalculate load
Check - should be approximately 400 CFM per ton.
Charge per procedure attached to unit service panel
Recover refrigerant, evacuate & recharge, add filter drier
• At compressor terminals, voltage must be ± 10% of
nameplate marking when unit is operating.
• Replace - check for correct voltage
• Add refrigerant
• Low indoor airflow
• Increase speed of blower or reduce restriction - replace air
filter
High head-low vapor pressures
• Restriction in liquid line, expansion device or filter drier
• Flowcheck piston size too small
• Incorrect capillary tubes
• Remove or replace defective component
• Change to correct size piston
• Change coil assembly
High head-high or normal vapor
pressure - Cooling mode
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Low head-high vapor pressures
• Flowcheck piston size too large
• Defective Compressor valves
• Incorrect capillary tubes
• Change to correct size piston
• Replace compressor
• Replace coil assembly
Low vapor - cool compressor iced indoor coil
• Low indoor airflow
• Operating below 65°F outdoors
• Moisture in system
• Increase speed of blower or reduce restriction - replace air
filter
• Add Low Ambient Kit
• Recover refrigerant - evacuate & recharge - add filter drier
• Excessive load
• Defective compressor
• Recheck load calculation
• Replace
• TEV hunting
• Air or non-condensibles in system
• Check TEV bulb clamp - check air distribution on coil - replace
TEV
• Recover refrigerant, evacuate & recharge
• Air or non-condensibles in system
• Recover refrigerant, evacuate & recharge
High vapor pressure
Fluctuating head & vapor
pressures
Gurgle or pulsing noise at
expansion device or liquid line
Dirty outdoor coil
Refrigerant overcharge
Outdoor fan not running
Air or non-condensibles in system
Clean coil
Correct system charge
Repair or replace
Recover refrigerant, evacuate & recharge
23
FIGURE 4
SINGLE-PHASE WIRING DIAGRAM
24
FIGURE 5
THREE-PHASE WIRING DIAGRAM (C, D & Y VOLTAGES)
25
FIGURE 6
26
27
28
CM 0908
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising