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USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-07 27 10.00 10 (May 2014)
----------------------------------Preparing Activity: USACE
UFGS-07 08 27.00 10 (February 2013)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 07 - THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
BUILDING AIR BARRIER SYSTEM
05/14
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
SUMMARY
1.2
REFERENCES
1.3
DEFINITIONS
1.3.1
Air Barrier Accessory
1.3.2
Air Barrier Assembly
1.3.3
Air Barrier Component
1.3.4
Air Barrier Envelope
1.3.5
Air Barrier Material
1.3.6
Air Barrier System
1.3.7
Air Leakage Rate
1.3.8
Air Leakage
1.3.9
Air Permeance
1.3.10
Environmental Separator
1.4
PREPARATORY PHASE OR PRECONSTRUCTION CONFERENCE
1.5
SUBMITTALS
1.6
AIR BARRIER ENVELOPE SURFACE AREA AND LEAKAGE REQUIREMENTS
1.7
AIR BARRIER INSPECTOR
1.8
DESIGN REVIEW
PART 2
PRODUCTS
PART 3
EXECUTION
3.1
QUALITY CONTROL
3.1.1
Documentation and Reporting
3.1.2
Construction Mock-Up
3.1.3
Quality Control Testing And Inspection
3.2
REPAIR AND PROTECTION
-- End of Section Table of Contents --
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 1
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USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-07 27 10.00 10 (May 2014)
----------------------------------Preparing Activity: USACE
UFGS-07 08 27.00 10 (February 2013)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
BUILDING AIR BARRIER SYSTEM
05/14
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This guide specification covers contractor
responsibilities, quality control, and maximum
leakage requirements of the constructed air barrier
system. This specification must be accompanied by
plans showing and detailing the air barrier; it is
not intended to stand alone in any set of
construction documents. This specification is
intended for use on new construction and additions,
and on renovations involving major upgrade to the
building envelope.
Adhere to UFC 1-300-02 Unified Facilities Guide
Specifications (UFGS) Format Standard when editing
this guide specification or preparing new project
specification sections. Edit this guide
specification for project specific requirements by
adding, deleting, or revising text. For bracketed
items, choose applicable items(s) or insert
appropriate information.
Remove information and requirements not required in
respective project, whether or not brackets are
present.
Comments, suggestions and recommended changes for
this guide specification are welcome and should be
submitted as a Criteria Change Request (CCR).
**************************************************************************
PART 1
GENERAL
**************************************************************************
NOTE: UFC 3-101-01 Architecture gives air barrier
system requirements for new construction and
renovations.
Testing of the air barrier system is covered in the
companion UFGS 07 05 23 PRESSURE TESTING AN AIR
BARRIER SYSTEM FOR AIR TIGHTNESS. If air barrier
system testing is required by the UFC, the testing
specification must accompany this specification in
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 2
the construction documents.
This specification is applicable to air barrier
systems installed in new building construction and
in major renovations involving upgrade to the
building envelope; it is not applicable to
unconditioned buildings. This specification is
intended to define Contractor responsibilities for
the construction of the air barrier system across
the six sides of a building that when installed
properly will control the infiltration or
exfiltration of air through the air barrier system.
A tight building is essential to a properly
functioning HVAC system, to reduce energy
consumption, and to prevent problems arising from
excessive infiltration or exfiltration into or out
of the environmentally conditioned spaces.
UFC 3-101-01 Architecture is recommended reading for
the designer. Also recommended is "Air Barrier
Systems in Buildings" by Wagdy Anis, FAIA; available
at http://www.wbdg.org/resources/airbarriers.php.
AIR BARRIER SYSTEM CONCEPTS AND DESIGNER NOTES:
1. Design a continuous air barrier system to control
air leakage into, or out of, the conditioned space.
2. On drawings dedicated to the air barrier system,
identify the surface boundary of the building air
barrier system in plan and in building section
views. Think of the air barrier system as a sealed
balloon.
3. Keep in mind that window and door components are
part of the building air barrier system. One must
be able to trace a continuous plane of air-tightness
throughout each air barrier system envelope.
4. Of course, intake, exhaust, and relief dampers
are part of the air barrier system. If these
dampers are not located at or near the building
wall, then the duct between the air barrier in the
exterior wall and the damper is also part of the air
barrier system and must be well sealed.
5. Walls of ventilated crawl spaces logically cannot
be the boundary of the air barrier system. Nor can
the roof above a ventilated attic be part of an air
barrier system.
6. Defining the air barrier system boundary is the
responsibility of the building designer. Plan views
should show the horizontal outline (by dashed lines)
of the air barrier system and any individual air
barrier zones. Rooms with permanent fixed openings
to the outdoor environment cannot be included in the
air barrier envelope because such openings would
represent a hole in the air barrier envelope (the
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 3
balloon).
7. Building and/or wall sections should show the
vertical outline (by dashed lines) of the air
barrier system from floor to roof or ceiling.
8. Wall and roof sections and details should show
the location of the air barrier membrane within the
exterior building envelope.
9. Air barrier material located on the interior side
of the insulation is subject less expansion and
contraction than if located on the outer side.
10. Air barrier materials that also serve as
interior finishes are discouraged because such
materials are subject to damage, difficult to seal,
and often compromised by occupant penetrations.
11. The air barrier material is sometimes the same
material as the water resistive layer. Where vapor
retarders are required, the vapor retarder will act
as an air barrier. The designer is advised to
consider the vapor permeance of all materials and
their relative position within the thermal
envelope. Air barrier membranes may have low water
vapor permeance and act as intended or unintended
vapor retarders. Other materials used with the
thermal envelope may also have low water vapor
permeance. Careful consideration regarding the
location of such materials is crucial to avoid vapor
barrier temperature below the dewpoint temperature
of the air on either side, and to avoid double vapor
barriers and trapped condensation within the thermal
envelope with ensuing mold problems and material
failure problems. The thermal resistance, vapor
permeance, and relative thermal position of the
component materials must be selected such that at
all locations within the envelope, the dew point
temperature is less than the local surface
temperature.
12. Keep in mind that air barrier membranes must
withstand forces due to positive and negative
pressures caused by wind. As a point of reference,
many roofs are designed for a wind uplift pressure of
4.3 kPa 90 lb/sq.ft. Building wraps are
particularly susceptible to wind forces unless
sandwiched between rigid wall components (example:
sheathing and board insulation). Otherwise, wraps
may experience excessive flexing and stressing and
point loading of the securing fasteners.
13. On the drawings, identify each air barrier
material, membrane, coating, window component, door
component, dampers, and other components that
compose the continuous air barrier envelope.
Materials that are part of the designated continuous
air barrier system must be identified as such.
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 4
Although many materials used in exterior assemblies
are air tight, they may or may not serve as part of
the designated continuous air barrier system.
14. In a roof assembly, locate the air barrier
material on the inside of the insulation and
attached to a durable substrate.
15. Detail the connection of roof and wall air
barrier materials. The roof-wall interface has been
the source of major air infiltration and
exfiltration in the past due to the many irregularly
shaped decking and structural support members
intersecting at this point, and insufficient
attention to detail to the air barrier system at
this location. Although sequencing the connection
of the roof-wall air barriers is the Contractor's
responsibility, drawing notes suggesting a sequence
of the trades may serve as helpful reminders to the
installer.
16. Detail the connection of wall and floor air
barrier materials.
17. Detail the connection of the wall air barrier
materials to window and door components.
18. Detail the penetrations of the air barrier
envelope by pipe, ducts, and conduit showing the
method of sealing the penetration.
19. Detail the air barrier material to be continuous
under or around all electrical boxes and panels,
plumbing fixture boxes, and other items affecting
air barrier system continuity. Do not penetrate the
air barrier envelope with lighting fixtures.
Continuity and air tightness is easier to achieve
when air barriers materials are located outboard of
the cavities that contain wiring, conduit, and
plumbing.
20. In other specification sections, specify the air
barrier materials used in the system. As defined by
The Air Barrier Association of America (ABAA) all
air barrier materials must have an air permeance
less than 0.02 L/s-m2 0.004 CFM/sq-ft at 75 Pa when
tested in accordance with ASTM E2178.
21. Identify the allowable leakage rates of windows,
exterior doors, curtain wall assemblies, skylights,
dampers, and all other such air barrier components
in the specification sections covering these
components.
22. Note that the Energy Star program has no air
leakage requirement for windows and doors. However,
ASHRAE 90.1 contains maximum leakage values for
fenestration and doors determined in accordance with
NFRC 400. These are minimal requirements and do not
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 5
represent state of the art. The IECC standard
contains leakage limits for doors and windows that
may be useful as a guideline. Be sure the
specifications for fenestration and doors include
maximum air leakage values.
23. Leakage rates for sectional type overhead doors
are published by manufacturers, however, there is no
known manufacturer who publishes tested leakage
performance for roll-up type overhead door
assemblies. For roll-up type doors, specify the
best weatherstripping available in the specification
section covering overhead doors and specify a
maximum leakage when such ratings are available.
24. Where louvered smoke ventilation openings are
used at the top of elevator shafts, provide a
motorized damper which is sprung normally open and
held closed by the damper actuator. Connect the
actuator to the fire alarm system to open the damper
upon a building alarm. Refer to IBC Section 3004
Hoistway Venting.
25. Provide tight sealing dampers and controls to
close all ventilation or make-up air intakes and
exhausts during inactive or unoccupied periods. In
the HVAC and building controls specification
sections, specify all intake, relief, and exhaust
dampers to be AMCA 511 leakage Class 1A (15.2
L/s/square meter@250 Pa(3 CFM/sq.ft. @ 1 in.w.c).
26. Often, there is but one air barrier envelope in
a building and this single envelope may enclose the
entire volume of the building or a portion of the
building.
27. However, some buildings call for multiple air
barrier envelopes. An example is in a vehicle
maintenance facility; the air conditioned
administrative office area must have an air barrier
envelope system complete and separate from the air
barrier envelope serving the maintenance area so
that the admin area air barrier system is not
nullified during warm weather when the vehicle
maintenance bay doors are open. The common wall
between the two areas is a part of the air barrier
envelope for both areas. Therefore, the common wall
must be tightly constructed and must include an air
barrier material. Note that, in this case, the
common wall is included in the calculation of the
air barrier surface area.
28. Sometimes the entire air barrier envelope cannot
be tested at once. An example is a building with
multiple living quarters separated by full height
partitions and without an interior corridor. If
there is no discernable air path connecting the
rooms (such as interior doorways or common ceiling
plenums), testing the entire building air barrier
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 6
envelope is precluded.
29. In this case, portions of the air barrier
envelope should be tested. Selected rooms must be
air pressure tested to determine the leakage through
the portion of the air barrier envelope shared by
the selected rooms. On the drawings, identify
representative rooms at the exterior corners and
rooms not at building corners to be tested, and in
this specification, give the room number air barrier
envelope area and leakage requirements for each room
to be tested. Note the the air barrier envelope
surface area is only that portion of air barrier
perimeter envelope shared by the room, it is not the
entire room surface area. Testing in this situation
requires pressurizing adjacent rooms so that there
is no room-to-room air leakage. For a description
of the test process, Refer to UFGS 07 05 23 PRESSURE
TESTING AN AIR BARRIER SYSTEM FOR AIR TIGHTNESS
paragraph Pressure Testing a Multiple Isolated Zoned
Building. Where a number of rooms have the same
dimensions, the drawings should indicate that the
test room will either be the room indicated or a
room of the same size selected by the Contracting
Officer.
30. On the drawings, the designer must identify the
envelopes to be tested, usually by number. Refer to
paragraph AIR BARRIER ENVELOPE SURFACE AREA AND
LEAKAGE REQUIREMENTS.
31. Calculate the air barrier envelope surface area
(sq. m(sq.ft.) for each envelope to be tested. This
is the surface area of the volume enclosed by each
air barrier envelope to be tested (includes floors,
walls, fenestration, doors, and roof). On the
drawings or in this specification, indicated the
surface area for each air barrier envelope to be
tested.
32. There are two tests for each envelope; an
"Architectural Only Test", and an "Architectural
Plus HVAC System Test". The Architectural Only Test
checks the leaking through the the architectural
portions of the envelope and allows some sealing of
many HVAC components. The Architectural Plus HVAC
System checks the leakage from the entire building
in an unoccupied condition and allows no temporary
masking or sealing of mechanical or HVAC components
such as dampers, flues and vents.
33. Indicate the allowable leakage rate of each air
barrier envelope (___ L/s-m 2(___CFM/sq.ft. @ 75
Pa). Refer to UFC 3-101-01. Use the UFC maximum
allowed values or less for the Architectural Only
Test.
34. To the Architectural Only Test maximum leakage
rate, add an allowance for the HVAC system leakage
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 7
rate. An arbitrary allowance of 0.25 L/s-m 2 0.05
CFM/sq.ft. is suggested. This higher leakage rate
is the Architectural Plus HVAC System Test maximum
leakage rate. In other words, if the Architectural
Only Test allowable leakage rate is X, the
Architectural Plus HVAC System Test allowable
leakage rate is X + 0.25 L/s-m 2 0.05 CFM/sq.ft.
Example:
- Architectural Only Test: 1.27 L/s-sq m 0.25
CFM/sq.ft. @ 75 Pa.
- Architectural Plus HVAC System Test: 1.5 L/s-m 2
0.30 CFM/sq.ft. @ 75 Pa.
35. Next, calculate and indicate the maximum test
leakage in L/s (CFM) for each air barrier envelope
and for each type test.
36. Renovations: Refer to UFC 3-101-01 for
requirements. This specification is used on
renovations if a major upgrade to the building
envelope is involved. However, the UFC offers
guidance on prioritizing the sealing of existing
building envelopes based on funding.
37. Additions: Where a new addition shares a wall
with and existing building, the designer has two
options:
a) put an air barrier assembly in the common wall
and treat the new addition as a separate test zone,
or
b) indicate that doors and other openings in the
common wall will be temporarily sealed during the
test, and identify a portion of the existing
building that can be closed and pressurized with
separate pressurization equipment so that there is
no differential pressure across the common wall
during the test.
38. Humidified Rooms: A humidified space within an
unhumidified building (example: computer equipment
room) should be located as an interior room and not
located on the building perimeter envelope.
Otherwise pay close attention to the potential for
condensation within the perimeter envelope during
times of cold weather.
39. Copy and complete the checklist below and
include it in the Architectural Design Analysis.
---------------------------------------------------AIR BARRIER SYSTEM DESIGNER CHECKLIST
Drawings:
___ 1. Air barrier system drawings are included in
the plans. (More than one drawing may be required.
It may be necessary to provide a plan
for each floor.)
___ 2.
A reduced size plan and elevation views of
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 8
the building indicating the desired perimeter
boundary of each air barrier envelope is included.
___ 3. The air barrier envelopes to be tested are
shown and given a unique number for reference as
applicable.
___ 4. Details showing how the wall air barrier
assembly is joined to the roof air barrier assembly
are provided.
___ 5. Details showing how the wall air barrier
material is joined to the floor / foundation are
provided.
___ 6. Details showing how the wall air barrier
material is joined to the window components are
provided.
___ 7. Details showing how the wall air barrier
material is joined to the door components are
provided.
___ 8. Details are provided showing the air barrier
system at expansion and isolation joints as
applicable.
___ 9. Details are provided showing the method of
sealing penetrations of the air barrier envelope at
the wall, roof, or floor by conduit, piping,
cables, etc.
___ 10. Details showing how the air barrier
materials are routed around wall and roof
discontinuities are provided (soffits, overhangs,
offsets, vestibules, gables, ridges, eaves, etc).
___ 11. In the wall and roof sections, materials and
accessories that constitute the air barrier system
are clearly identified. Examples: board
materials, liquid applied coatings, spray applied
foams, tape, calks, sealants.
___ 12. In the wall and roof sections, components
and assemblies that constitute the air barrier
system are clearly identified. Examples:
windows, doors, skylights.
Note: The following are examples for air barrier
materials:
-
Cast-in-place concrete
Glass
Metal
Spray polyurethane foam
Spray polyethylene foam
Extruded polystyrene
Low permeance building wrap products.
Liquid applied one and two component materials
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 9
Note: The following cannot serve as air barrier
materials:
-
Concrete block
Expanded polystyrene foam
Building paper
Open cell foam
High permeance house wraps
Perlite board
Fiberboard
Glass fiber rigid board
Cellulose insulation
Metal roof decking
Standing seam roof
Specifications:
___ 13. Air barrier membranes and their air
permeance and water vapor permeance are specified in
other specification sections. Examples:
Mechanically fastened sheet films, fluid-applied
membranes, self-adhering membranes, spray-applied
foams.
Air barrier materials have a maximum air permeance
of 0.02 L/s-m2 0.004 CFM/sq.ft. of surface area at a
pressure difference of 75 Pa. Films, membranes, and
coatings intended as air barrier components must
meet this rating when tested in accordance with
ASTM E 2178.
___ 14. The allowable leakage requirements of
window, curtain wall, and door components is
specified in other specification sections.
___ 15. The allowable leakage requirements of HVAC
intake and exhaust dampers is specified in other
specification sections.
Calculations:
___ 16. The surface area (sq. m(sq.ft.) of each air
barrier envelope to be tested has been calculated.
___ 17. The maximum allowable leakage (L/s(CFM) for
both the Architectural Only Test and the
Architectural Plus HVAC System Test has been
calculated and shown for each air barrier envelope
to be tested.
___ 18. Moisture migration and dewpoint calculations
have been performed. WUFI software available from
Oak Ridge National Laboratory or similar moisture
migration analysis software is recommended.
Note: Air barrier materials will have low air
permeance by definition. However, beware of the
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 10
vapor permeance of air barrier membranes. For
example, if the air barrier material has a low vapor
permeance, it may act as an effective vapor
retarder. With this in mind, the
location of the membrane within the wall or roof
relative to the thermal insulation becomes
important. Be sure that the vapor permeance and
location has been considered by the design. Perform
vapor transmission calculations or dew point
calculations as required to assure that
moisture condensation within the building envelope
will not occur.
HVAC Note: The HVAC designer should coordinate with
the architectural designer regarding the indoor
temperature and humidity conditions and the
simultaneously occuring outdoor air conditions.
With this information the architectural designer can
determine the envelope component configuration
conducive to maintaining a dry thermal envelope.
---------------------------------------------------(End Designer Checklist)
**************************************************************************
1.1
SUMMARY
This Section specifies the construction and quality control of the
installation of an air barrier system. Construct the air barrier system
indicated, taking responsibity for the means, methods, and workmanship of
the installation of the air barrier system. The air barrier must be
contiguous and connected across all surfaces of the enclosed air barrier
envelope indicated. The maximum leakage requirements of individual air
barrier components and materials are specified in the other specification
sections covering these items.[
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Refer to UFC 3-101-01 to determine when
testing is required. If testing is required, retain
the bracketed paragraph below and include the
referenced testing specification section in the
construction documents.
**************************************************************************
This section also defines the maximum allowable leakage of the final air
barrier system. The workmanship must be adequate to meet the maximum
allowable leakage requirements of this specification. Test the assembled
air barrier system to demonstrate that the building envelope is properly
sealed and insulated. Passing the air barrier system leakage test and
thermography test will result in system acceptance. Conform air barrier
system leakage and thermography testing and reporting to the requirements
of Section 07 05 23 PRESSURE TESTING AN AIR BARRIER SYSTEM FOR AIR
TIGHTNESS.]
1.2
REFERENCES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This paragraph is used to list the
publications cited in the text of the guide
specification. The publications are referred to in
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 11
the text by basic designation only and listed in
this paragraph by organization, designation, date,
and title.
Use the Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature
when you add a RID outside of the Section's
Reference Article to automatically place the
reference in the Reference Article. Also use the
Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature to update
the issue dates.
References not used in the text will automatically
be deleted from this section of the project
specification when you choose to reconcile
references in the publish print process.
**************************************************************************
The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the
extent referenced. The publications are referenced within the text by the
basic designation only.
ASTM INTERNATIONAL (ASTM)
ASTM D4541
1.3
(2009; E 2010) Pull-Off Strength of
Coatings Using Portable Adhesion Testers
DEFINITIONS
The following terms as they apply to this section:
1.3.1
Air Barrier Accessory
Products designated to maintain air tightness between air barrier
materials, air barrier assemblies and air barrier components, to fasten
them to the structure of the building, or both (e.g., sealants, tapes,
backer rods, transition membranes, fasteners, strapping, primers).
1.3.2
Air Barrier Assembly
The combination of air barrier materials and air barrier accessories that
are designated and designed within the environmental separator to act as a
continuous barrier to the movement of air through the environmental
separator.
1.3.3
Air Barrier Component
Pre-manufactured elements such as windows, doors, dampers and service
elements that are installed in the environmental separator.
1.3.4
Air Barrier Envelope
The combination of air barrier assemblies and air barrier components,
connected by air barrier accessories that are designed to provide a
continuous barrier to the movement of air through an environmental
separator. There may be more than one air barrier envelope in a single
building. Also known as Air Barrier System.
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 12
1.3.5
Air Barrier Material
A building material that is designed and constructed to provide the primary
resistance to airflow through an air barrier assembly.
1.3.6
Air Barrier System
Same as AIR BARRIER ENVELOPE.
1.3.7
Air Leakage Rate
The rate of airflow (L/sCFM) driven through a unit surface area (sq. msq.ft.
) of an assembly or system by a unit static pressure difference (Pa) across
the assembly. (example: 1.27 L/s-m 20.25 CFM/sq.ft. @ 75 Pa)
1.3.8
Air Leakage
The total airflow (L/sCFM) driven through the air barrier system by a unit
static pressure difference (Pa) across the air barrier envelope. (example:
3070 L/s 6500 CFM @ 75 Pa)
1.3.9
Air Permeance
The rate of airflow (L/sCFM) through a unit area (sq. msq.ft.) of a
material driven by unit static pressure difference (Pa) across the material
(example: 0.02 L/s-m2 0.004 CFM/sq.ft. @ 75 Pa).
1.3.10
Environmental Separator
The parts of a building that separate the controlled interior environment
from the uncontrolled exterior environment, or that separate spaces within
a building that have dissimilar environments. Also known as the Control
Layer.
1.4
PREPARATORY PHASE OR PRECONSTRUCTION CONFERENCE
Organize pre-construction conferences between the air barrier inspector and
the sub-contractors involved in the construction of or penetration of the
air barrier system to discuss where the work of each sub-contractor begins
and ends, the sequence of installation, and each sub-contractor's
responsibility to ensure airtight joints, junctures, penetrations and
transitions between materials. Discuss the products, and assemblies of
products specified in the different sections to be installed by the
different sub-contractors.
1.5
SUBMITTALS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Review submittal description (SD) definitions
in Section 01 33 00 SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES and edit
the following list to reflect only the submittals
required for the project.
The Guide Specification technical editors have
designated those items that require Government
approval, due to their complexity or criticality,
with a "G." Generally, other submittal items can be
reviewed by the Contractor's Quality Control
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 13
properties are met. Determine the bond strength of coatings to
substrate in accordance with ASTM D4541.
n.
Provide cohesion tests for spray polyurethane foam (SPF). [Perform the
tests in accordance with the specification sections which specify these
materials.] [Perform adhesion tests as follows: Using a coring tool
remove a sample and determine the relative adhesion quality of the
foam. If the foam is hard to remove and leaves small bits of foam on
the substrate it is called cohesive foam failure and is considered the
best adhesion. If the foam comes away from the substrate with some
force but is clean, it is called a mechanical bond. If it comes away
easily from the substrate, the adhesion is poor. Cohesive foam failure
and a good mechanical bond are acceptable.]
o.
3.2
Provide written test reports of all tests performed.
REPAIR AND PROTECTION
Upon completion of inspection, testing, sample removal and similar
services, repair damaged construction and restore substrates, coatings and
finishes. Protect construction exposed by or for quality control service
activities, and protect repaired construction.
-- End of Section --
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 20
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Include submittals for Air Barrier Inspector
Qualifications and for a Design Review Report
whenever UFC 3-101-01 requires the air barrier
system to be tested.
**************************************************************************
Air Barrier Inspector; G, RO
[Two] [_____] copies 30 days after Notice to Proceed.
[1.6
AIR BARRIER ENVELOPE SURFACE AREA AND LEAKAGE REQUIREMENTS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Include this paragraph defining the air
barrier leakage requirements whenever UFC 3-101-01
requires the air barrier to be tested. If pressure
testing of the air barrier system is not required,
delete this paragraph. If pressure testing is
required, on the drawings, identify the air barrier
envelopes to be tested. Provide the area and
leakage information for each six-sided air barrier
envelope to be tested below. Optionally, include a
table on the drawings summarizing the envelope
information. If that is the approach, simply refer
to the drawings at this point in the specification
and delete the envelope area and leakage information
below.
If only a portion of the air barrier envelope is
being test as in the case of the barracks building
desrcribed in the opening notes above, indicate the
test rooms; for example, change "Air Barrier
Envelope 1", to "Room 214". For a description of
the test process, Refer to UFGS 07 05 23 PRESSURE
TESTING AN AIR BARRIER SYSTEM FOR AIR TIGHTNESS
paragraph Pressure Testing a Multiple Isolated Zoned
Building. If an Air Barrier Envelope is an isolated
zone within the larger building (eg: single room in
a barracks) and if it is impossible to test that
isolated zone without sealing the HVAC ducts that
interconnect adjacent rooms, perform the
Architectural Only test and delete the Architectural
Plus HVAC System test for that particular Air
Barrier Envelope.
**************************************************************************
The building air barrier systems must meet the following leakage
requirements. The allowable leakage rate and the maximum leakage are at a
differential test pressure of 75 Pa.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Add or delete air barrier envelopes to be
tested as required.
**************************************************************************
Air Barrier Envelope 1
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 15
Surface Area
[_____] square meter square feet
Architectural Only Test:
Allowable leakage rate
[1.27][2.03][_____] L/s per square meter
[0.25][0.40][_____] CFM/sq.ft
Maximum leakage
[_____] total L/s CFM
Architectural Plus HVAC System Test:
Allowable leakage rate
[1.52][2.29][_____] L/s per square meter
[0.30][0.45][_____] CFM/sq.ft
Maximum leakage
[_____] total L/s CFM
Air Barrier Envelope 2
Surface Area
[_____] square meter square feet
Architectural Only Test:
Allowable leakage rate
[1.27][2.03][_____] L/s per square meter
[0.25][0.40][_____] CFM/sq.ft
Maximum leakage
[_____] total L/s CFM
Architectural Plus HVAC System Test:
Allowable leakage rate
[1.52][2.29][_____] L/s per square meter
[0.30][0.45][_____] CFM/sq.ft
Maximum leakage
[_____] total L/s CFM
Air Barrier Envelope 3
Surface Area
[_____] square meter square feet
Architectural Only Test:
Allowable leakage rate
[1.27][2.03][_____] L/s per square meter
[0.25][0.40][_____] CFM/sq.ft
Maximum leakage
[_____] total L/s CFM
Architectural Plus HVAC System Test:
][1.7
Allowable leakage rate
[1.52][2.29][_____] L/s per square meter
[0.30][0.45][_____] CFM/sq.ft
Maximum leakage
[_____] total L/s CFM
AIR BARRIER INSPECTOR
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Include the requirement for an AIR BARRIER
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 16
INSPECTOR whenever UFC 3-101-01 requires the air
barrier to be tested.
**************************************************************************
Employ a designated Air Barrier Inspector on this project. The Air Barrier
Inspector performs a Design Review, oversees quality control testing
specified in these specifications, performs quality control air barrier
inspection as specified, interfaces with the designer and product
manufacturer's representatives to assure all installation requirements are
met, and coordinates efforts between all workers installing or penetrating
the air barrier materials. Qualification for the Air Barrier Inspector are
as follows:
a.
Training and certification as an Air Barrier Installer from the Air
Barrier Association of America (ABAA) or other third party air barrier
association.
b.
Experience coordinating and instructing personnel involved in the
installation, joining, and sealing of air barrier materials and
components.
][1.8
DESIGN REVIEW
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Include the requirement for a DESIGN REVIEW
whenever UFC 3-101-01 requires the air barrier to be
tested.
This Design Review is conceptually similar to the
Design Review Report required by the TESTING,
ADJUSTING, AND BALANCING FOR HVAC specification
where the TAB specialists reviews the plans and
specs and submits a report either indicating that
the system can be balanced or describing
deficiencies that preclude the TAB team from
accomplishing their work and describing necessary
changes. Similarly, with the air barrier system
Design Review, the contractor is asked to review the
design and point out any deficiencies that prevent a
successful air barrier system installation.
**************************************************************************
Review the Contract Plans and Specifications and advise the Contracting
Officer of any deficiencies that would prevent the construction of an
effective air barrier system. Provide a Design Review Report individually
listing each deficiency and the corresponding proposed corrective action
necessary for proper air barrier system.
]PART 2
PRODUCTS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Air barrier membranes and their air permeance
and water vapor permeance are specified in other
specification sections. Add specification sections
as required. Examples: Self-adhered sheets,
fluid-applied membranes, spray foams, boardstock air
barrier materials, mechanically attached flexible
sheet materials. The ABAA website is one source of
air barrier material specifications. Indicate all
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 17
pertinent material properties including air
permeance, water vapor permeance, adhesion
requirements, and flame and smoke spread
requirements. Also, indicate that the
manufacturer's instructions for the storage,
installation, and application of air barrier
products must be followed.
Air barrier materials have a maximum air permeance of
0.02 L/s-m2 0.004 CFM/sq.ft. of surface area at a
pressure difference of 75 Pa. Films, membranes, and
coatings intended as air barrier components must
meet this rating when tested in accordance with ASTM
E2178.
**************************************************************************
Not Used
PART 3
3.1
3.1.1
EXECUTION
QUALITY CONTROL
Documentation and Reporting
Document the entire installation process on daily job site reports. These
reports include information on the Installer, substrates, substrate
preparation, products used, ambient and substrate temperature, the location
of the air barrier installation, the results of the quality control
procedures, and testing results.
[3.1.2
Construction Mock-Up
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Refer to UFC 3-101-01 for guidance on when to
implement mock-ups. Delete this paragraph if a
mock-up is not required.
**************************************************************************
a.
Prepare a construction mock-up to demonstrate proper installation of
the air barrier assemblies and components. Include air barrier system
connections between floor and wall, wall and window, wall and roof.
Also, include the sealing method between membrane joints at transitions
from one material or component to another, at pipe or conduit
penetrations of the wall and roof, and at duct penetration of the wall
and roof. Work will not begin until the mock-up is satisfactory to the
Contracting Officer.
b.
Size the mock-up to approximately 2 m long by 2 m high 8 feet long by 8
feet high. The mock-up must be representative of primary exterior wall
assemblies and glazing components including backup wall and typical
penetrations as acceptable to the Contracting Officer. A corner of the
actual building may be used as the mock-up.
c.
Mock-Up Tests for Adhesion: Test the mock-up of materials for adhesion
in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations. Perform the test
after the curing period recommended by the manufacturer. Record the
mode of failure and the area which failed in accordance with ASTM D4541.
When the air barrier material manufacturer has established a minimum
adhesion level for the product on the particular substrate, the
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 18
inspection report must indicate whether this requirement has been met.
Where the manufacturer has not declared a minimum adhesion value for
their product/substrate combination, simply record the value.
]3.1.3
Quality Control Testing And Inspection
Conduct the following tests and inspections as applicable in the presence
of the Contracting Officer during installation of the air barrier system,
and submit quality control reports as indicated below.
a.
Provide a Daily Report of Observations with a copy to the
Contracting Officer.
b.
Inspect to assure continuity of the air barrier system throughout the
building enclosure and that all gaps are covered, the covering is
structurally sound, and all penetrations are sealed allowing for no
infiltration or exfiltration through the air barrier system.
c.
Inspect to assure structural support of the air barrier system to
withstand design air pressures.
d.
Inspect to assure masonry surfaces receiving air barrier materials are
smooth, clean, and free of cavities, protrusions and mortar droppings,
with mortar joints struck flush or as required by the manufacturer of
the air barrier material.
e.
Inspect and test to assure site conditions for application temperature,
and dryness of substrates are within guidelines.
f.
Inspect to assure substrate surfaces are properly primed if applicable
and in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. Priming must extend
at least 2 inches beyond the air barrier material to make it obvious
that the primer was applied to the substrate before the air barrier
material.
g.
Inspect to asure laps in materials are at least a 2-inch minimum,
shingled in the correct direction or mastic applied in accordance with
manufacturer's recommendations, and with no fishmouths.
h.
Inspect to assure that a roller has been used to enhance adhesion.
Identify any defects such as fishmouths, wrinkles, areas of lost
adhesion, and improper curing. Note the intended remedy for the
deficiencies.
i.
Measure application thickness of liquid applied materials to assure
that manufacturer's specifications for the specific substrate are met.
j.
Inspect to assure that the correct materials are installed for
compatibility.
k.
Inspect to assure proper transitions for change in direction and
structural support at gaps.
l.
Inspect to assure proper connection between assemblies (membrane and
sealants) for cleaning, preparation and priming of surfaces, structural
support, integrity and continuity of seal.
m.
Perform adhesion tests for fluid-applied and self-adhered air barrier
membranes to assure that the manufacturer's specified adhesion strength
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 19
properties are met. Determine the bond strength of coatings to
substrate in accordance with ASTM D4541.
n.
Provide cohesion tests for spray polyurethane foam (SPF). [Perform the
tests in accordance with the specification sections which specify these
materials.] [Perform adhesion tests as follows: Using a coring tool
remove a sample and determine the relative adhesion quality of the
foam. If the foam is hard to remove and leaves small bits of foam on
the substrate it is called cohesive foam failure and is considered the
best adhesion. If the foam comes away from the substrate with some
force but is clean, it is called a mechanical bond. If it comes away
easily from the substrate, the adhesion is poor. Cohesive foam failure
and a good mechanical bond are acceptable.]
o.
3.2
Provide written test reports of all tests performed.
REPAIR AND PROTECTION
Upon completion of inspection, testing, sample removal and similar
services, repair damaged construction and restore substrates, coatings and
finishes. Protect construction exposed by or for quality control service
activities, and protect repaired construction.
-- End of Section --
SECTION 07 27 10.00 10
Page 20
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