L- 308DC Operating Manual
L - 308DC
Operating Manual
n SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
This manual uses the following safety labels for
that you must follow.
WARNING and
CAUTION
Indicates hazards or unsafe practices that can result in severe
personal injury or death.
Indicates hazards or unsafe practices that can result in the
personal injury or damage to your L-308DC exposure meter.
Indicates a caution or limitation that accompanies operation.
Please read the note to avoid incorrect operation.
Provides the reference information and related functions that
are useful in operating the L-308DC. We recommend that you
read these reference.
l
Please place in a location where an infant cannot reach and accidentally get
the strap wrapped around his or her neck. There is danger of strangulation.
l
Keep the Lumidisc and synchro terminal cap out of reach of young children,
as swallowing such objects can cause suffocation.
l
Never place batteries in fire, short, disassemble, heat or charge them. The
batteries might break down, and cause an accident, injury or pollute the
environment.
l
There is a danger of electric shock if the meter is handled with wet hands,
during rain, in areas splashed by water or where there is a lot of moisture, if
you use cord flash mode. Also, such action may damage the product.
l
Do not attempt to disassemble the product for modification or parts
replacement. Refer servicing only to qualified and authorized personnel in
case of product's malfunction.
n Table of Contents
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Table of Contens
1. Parts Designation......................................................... 1
2. Explanation of the Liquid Crystal Display (LCD).................... 2
3. Before Using................................................................ 3
1. Attach the strap............................................................................ 3
2. Inserting the battery..................................................................... 3
3. Power ON/OFF.............................................................................. 4
4. Checking battery capacity............................................................ 4
5. Replacing battery during operation............................................. 5
6. Auto Power OFF function.............................................................. 5
4. Basic Operation............................................................ 6
1. Incident and reflected light measurement................................... 6
2. Incident light measurement......................................................... 6
3. Reflected light measurement....................................................... 8
4. Basic Operation Flowchart........................................................... 9
5. Select Display mode....................................................................10
6. Select Measuring mode...............................................................10
7. Setting ISO film sensitivity.........................................................11
5. Measurement.............................................................. 12
1. HD_CINE Mode............................................................................12
1-1. Taking measurements in Shutter Speed Priority mode......12
1-2.Setting Frame Rates............................................................13
1-3.Taking measurements in Simplified Illuminance mode......13
2. CINE Mode...................................................................................14
2-1. Taking measurements in Frame Rate Priority mode . ........14
2-2.Setting Shutter Angles.........................................................15
2-3.Taking measurements in Simplified illuminance mode......15
3. PHOTO Mode...............................................................................16
3-1.Measuring Ambient Light....................................................16
3-1-1.Shutter Speed Priority mode....................................16
3-1-2.EV mode.....................................................................17
3-2.Measuring Electronic Flash.................................................19
3-2-1.Cord Flash mode........................................................19
3-2-2.Auto Reset Cordless Flash mode............................. 21
4. Out of Display Range / Measurement Range............................. 23
4-1.Out of Display Range.......................................................... 23
4-1-1.When “E.o” (Exposure Over) appears on the display.... 23
4-1-2.When “E.u” (Exposure under) appears on the display..... 23
4-2.Out of Measurement Range................................................ 23
4-2-1.When “E.o” (Exposure over) blinks on the display.......... 23
4-2-2.When “E.u” (Exposure under) blinks on the display........ 24
5. Measuring Contrast of Light...................................................... 24
6. Advanced Functions......................................................25
1. Calibration compensation function............................................ 25
2. Custom setting function............................................................. 26
7. Accessories................................................................28
8. Technical Data............................................................29
9. Safty Guide and Maintenance..........................................30
1
Parts Designation
POWER Button(ON/OFF Switch)
Lens
Lumisphere
Lumisphere
MODE Button
MEASURING
Button
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
UP Button
DOWN Button
ISO Button
Strap Eyelet
Synchro Terminal
Battery
Compartment Cover
Synchro Terminal Cap
Lumidisc
1
Strap
2
Explanation of the Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
* For explanation purposes, the display illustrated here shows icons and
readouts simultaneously. Actual display will never appear like this.
6
1
5
Measuring Mode icons (for PHOTO mode only)
Ambient (See page 16)
Auto Reset Cordless Flash (See page 21)
Cord Flash (See page 19)
ISO Display (See page 11)
Displays ISO Film setting.
Measurement value display
Appears when aperture value is displayed.
Appears when using EV mode. (See page 17)
2
3
4
0.1 step display
Depending on set mode, this displays measurement value at 1/10 aperture or
1/10 EV. (See page 12)
Shutter speed, frames rate (f/s), shutter angle and Illuminance.
Appears when Shutter Speed Priority (T) mode. (See page 12, 16)
Appears when shutter speed is in full seconds. (See page 12, 16)
Appears when cine speed is set in frames per seconds. (See page 13, 14)
Appears when shutter angle is set to a value other than 180 degrees (CINE
mode only. See page 15)
Appears when Lux is selected (Selectable in Custom setting) (See page 13, 15)
Appears when FC is selected (Selectable in Custom setting) (See page 13, 15)
Battery Power Indicator (See page 4)
2
3
Before Using
1. Attach the strap
1)
Attach the Strap by passing the small end loop
through the strap eyelet and passing the other end
of strap through it.
l Please place in a location where an infant cannot reach and accidentally get
the strap wrapped around his or her neck. There is a danger of strangulation.
2. Inserting the battery
1)
2)
3)
4)
Prepare a single AA battery.
Slide down the battery compartment cover in the
direction of the arrow to remove.
Insert the battery observing the polarity with the
+, - marks in the battery compartment.
Align battery compartment cover with main unit
and slide shut.
Make sure that the cover is properly in place and
closed.
l Never place batteries in fire, short, disassemble, heat or charge them. The
batteries might break down, and cause an accident, injury or pollute the
environment.
l Please insert the battery minus “-” side first. When removing the battery,
remove them plus “+” side first.
l Remove battery if meter is not used for an extended period. Batteries can
leak and damage the exposure meter. Dispose of used batteries properly.
3
3
Before Using
3. Power ON/OFF
Power ON : Press the POWER button.
Power OFF: Press and hold the POWER button in for 1 second or longer and
the meter will turn off.
l Please wait 3 seconds between repeated power on and off sessions.
l If the LCD screen shows no display, check for proper battery insertion (Pos/
Neg positioning).
l All settings and measurements made during use are saved in memory even
after the meter is powered off.
4. Checking battery capacity
When the meter is turned ON, the battery power indicator on the LCD is
displayed.
(Displayed) Battery power level is good.
(Displayed) Battery power level is low. Have a spare battery ready.
(Blinking)
Replace battery immediately.
• When the meter is turned ON and the LCD screen appears and immediately
turns off, this indicates that the battery is depleted and should be replaced
immediately. Having spare batteries on hand is recommended.
• When the meter is continuously used at room temperature, the battery life is
as follows.(based on our testing condition)
Manganese: 10 hours
Alkaline: 20 hours
• Due to temperature and length of time stored, the battery included with this
meter may have a shorter life.
4
3
Before Using
5. Replacing battery during operation
1)
Always turn the power OFF before replacing the battery.
2)
If an unexpected display appears on the LCD during battery replacement
or measurement, ie. settings other than selected, or if the meter does not
respond when a button is pressed, remove the battery, wait at least 10
seconds, and then re-install the battery.
6. Auto Power OFF function
To conserve battery power, the meter will turn OFF about four minutes after last
use.
• The settings and measured values remain stored in memory when the meter
turns OFF either by Auto Power OFF or by pressing the POWER button. When
the POWER button is pressed again the last settings are displayed.
• If the POWER button is pressed and held when the power is off, the meter
will turn ON for about 1 minute, and then turn OFF automatically. (Battery
capacity can be saved if the POWER button is pressed during transport and
storage.)
5
4
Basic Operation
1. Incident and reflected light measurement
1)
To set for either incident or reflected light operation, slide the Lumisphere
mounting until it clicks.
Incident light mode
Reflected light mode
Setting operation
l Always use the Lumisphere mounting for setting.
Hand operation of the Lumisphere may cause damage.
l The Lumisphere is an important light receiving unit. Please handle with
care and try not to mark or soil. Wipe Lumisphere with a dry soft cloth if it
becomes dirty. Never use organic cleaners (like thinner or benzene) to clean
Lumisphere.
2. Incident light measurement
Incident light measurement employs either the builtin Lumisphere or accessory Lumidisc.
Measure with the lumisphere at the subject position
aimed in the direction of the camera.
1)
Using Lumisphere
Lumisphere is used to measure light that
illuminates people and buildings and other threedimensional objects. Measurements are made at the subject position aimed
in the direction of the camera lens.
6
4
Basic Operation
2)
Using Lumidisc
The Lumidisc is used to measure light falling on green-screen walls, paintings
or flat art. It is also used to adjust lighting ratios with multiple light sources (See
page 24) or when taking Lux and Foot-candle measurements (See page 13, 15).
To measure light with the Lumidisc, slide the Lumisphere mounting to the right
(same as if measuring reflected light), then insert, at an angle, section B of the
Lumidisc into slot A of the meter body and press down on the strap eyelet C to
secure the Lumidisc.
Strap eyelet C
Slot A
Section B
Lumidisc
7
The Lumidisc is removed in reverse order to the mounting method.
At this time the strap eyelet of the Lumidisc should be pulled up and away
from the meter body.
l
Be sure to handle the Lumidisc correctly to prevent damage that may occur
if mounting or removal is incorrect.
l
When the Lumidisc is not being used, do not attach it at the right of the
Lumisphere for storage. This will block light falling on the Lumisphere and
affect the accuracy of the measurement.
l
The Lumidisc is an important light receiving unit. Please handle with
care and try not to mark or soil. Wipe Lumidisc with a dry soft cloth if it
becomes dirty. Never use organic cleaners (like thinner or benzene) to clean
Lumisphere.
4
Basic Operation
3. Reflected light measurement
Reflected light measurements are made by pointing
the L-308DC's metering lens toward the subject.
Measurements are made from the camera position or
within the same view as the camera lens.
1)
2)
Measuring the brightness (luminance) of light reflected from the subject is
useful when subjects cannot be approached, for measuring light sources
(neon signs, etc.), and measuring highly reflective surfaces or translucent
subjects (stained glass, etc.).
To take a reflected-light measurement, hold the meter in front of the camera
and point the metering lens toward the part of the subject you want to
measure. If the subject area is small, you may have to move the meter closer
to the subject to measure it properly.
l
As the reflected-light lens has a 40-degree view, measurements made from
the camera position will often result in an average of all subject tones.
l
To measure only part of the object, move the meter as close as possible to
the part of the subject you want to measure. Take care to position the meter
so that it does not cast a shadow onto the part of the subject you want to
measure.
l
The lens is an important light receiving unit. Do not touch the lens or allow
it to become dirty. Wipe the meter lens with a dry soft cloth if it becomes
dirty. Never use organic cleaners (like thinner or benzene) to clean the
meter lens.
8
4
Basic Operation
4. Basic Operation Flowchart
Power ON
Select Display mode (in Custom Setting, see page 26)
HD_CINE mode
(See page 12)
CINE mode
(See page 14)
Shutter speed priority mode
(See page 12)
• Set the shutter speed
• Set ISO sensitivity
Frame Rate Priority mode
(See page 14)
• Set the frame rate
• Set ISO sensitivity
Measure
(MEASURING button)
Frame Rate Setting mode
(See page 13)
Measure
(MEASURING button)
PHOTO mode
(See page 16)
Ambient mode (See page 16)
• Set the shutter speed
• Set ISO sensitivity
Measure
(MEASURING button)
Measure
(MEASURING button)
Shutter Angle Setting
mode (See page 15)
EV mode (See page 17)
Measure
(MEASURING button)
Simplified Illuminance mode (Selectable in Custom setting)
(See page 13 or 15)
Measure
(MEASURING button)
MODE button
Measure
(MEASURING button)
Auto Reset Cordless Flash mode
(See page 21)
• Set the shutter speed
• Set ISO sensitivity
Measure
(MEASURING button)
Cord Flash mode
(See page 19)
• Set the shutter speed
• Set ISO sensitivity
MEASURING button
Measure
(MEASURING button)
9
4
Basic Operation
5. Select Display mode
Select the Display mode to fit your camera
in custom setting. (See page 26)
MODE button
POWER button
HD_CINE mode
(Default setting)
CINE mode
PHOTO mode
Display mode
CS No. 1
6. Select Measuring mode
The following Measuring modes in each
Display mode are available.
1)
MODE button
Press the MODE button to select the
Measuring mode. (See page 9)
HD_CINE mode: (Ambient light only)
MODE
• Shutter speed priority mode
• Frame rate setting mode
• Simplified illuminance mode
(Selectable in Custom setting)
CINE mode: (Ambient light only)
• Frame rate priority mode
• Shutter angle setting mode
• Simplified illuminance mode (Selectable in Custom setting)
PHOTO mode:
• Shutter speed priority mode (Ambient mode)
• EV mode (Ambient mode)
• Auto Reset Cordless Flash mode (shutter speed priority)
• Cord Flash mode (shutter speed priority)
10
4
Basic Operation
• Hold ISO button and press MODE button to return to the previous Measuring
mode.
• Ambient light refers to continuous light like natural light (sunlight), tungsten
lamps or fluorescent lamps.
• Flash light is a brief, intense burst of light made by electronic flash units or
flash bulbs.
7. Setting ISO sensitivity
1)
2)
Hold down the ISO button and press
either the UP button or DOWN
button to select ISO sensitivity being
used.
You can also change the
ISO sensitivity after taking
measurements. The new value is
automatically displayed.
UP button
ISO
DOWN button
ISO button
• Setting value will change consecutively if the UP button or DOWN button is
depressed for one second or longer.
11
5
Measurement
1. HD_CINE Mode
Use this mode to obtain exposure settings when using DSLR and digital video cameras
that record images using frame rate and shutter speed settings. When measurements
are taken, the meter will indicate the aperture value required for proper exposure.
This mode also enables taking Simplified Illuminance readings (Selectable in Custom
setting). Refer to the custom setting to select the HD_CINE mode (See page 26).
1-1.Taking measurements in Shutter
Speed Priority mode
1)
Press MODE button to select the
Shutter Speed Priority mode.
2)
Hold ISO button and press UP or DOWN
button to select the ISO sensitivity (See
page 11)
3)
Press the UP or DOWN button to set the
desired shutter speed.
4)
If necessary, set the frame rate in Frame
Rate Setting mode (Default setting is
24fps. See page 13).
5)
Press the Measuring button to take a
measurement. Measurements will be
taken continuously and displayed as
aperture values as long as the button
is pressed. Releasing the Measuring
button will hold and display the last
measurement value.
MODE button
MODE
UP button
ISO button
DOWN button
1/10 step measurement
value (f stop)
Measurement
Set shutter speed value (f stop)
• Use Custom Setting to display shutter speed values in full, 1/2 or 1/3 step
increment (See page 26).
• Shutter speeds can be set from 1/8 to 1/8000 sec. A special grouping of
commonly used Cine Shutter speeds will appear above 1/8000 second (1/24,
1/25, 1/30, 1/48, 1/50, 1/60, 1/96, 1/100, 1/120 sec.).
• Frame rate sets the lower limit to shutter speed. (i.e. If 30 f/s is set, shutter
speeds are settable from 1/30 sec.)
12
5
Measurement
• After the measurement, the aperture value will be automatically adjusted to
maintain proper exposure when changes in shutter speed and/or ISO are made.
• If ”E.o”(over) or “E.u” (under) appears and blinks, the measurement cannot
be made at the selected settings (See page 23).
1-2.Setting Frame Rates
1)
Press MODE button to select frame rate
display .
2)
Press UP or DOWN button to set the
desired frame rate.
3)
Press MEASURING button to return to
Shutter Speed Priority mode, and make a
light measurement simultaneously.
MODE button
MODE
UP button
DOWN button
• Available frame rates include 8, 12, 16, 18, 24, 25, 30, 32, 48, 50, 60, 64, 96,
100, 120 and 128 f/s.
• Frame rate sets the lower limit to shutter speed. (i.e. If 30 f/s is set, shutter
speeds are settable from 1/30 sec.)
13
1-3.Taking measurements in
Simplified Illuminance mode
Illuminance mode can be selected in Custom
setting (See page 26).
1) Slide the Lumisphere all the way to the right and
attach the accessory Lumidisc (See page 7).
2) Press MODE button to select the simplified
illuminance mode.
3) Position the Lumidisc in front of and parallel
to the area to be measured and press
MEASURING button. Measurements will
be taken continuously and displayed as
illuminance values as long as the button is
pressed. Releasing the MEASURING button
will hold and display the last measurement
value.
Lumidisc
Lumisphere
Measurement value (Lux)
Measurement value (Foot-Candle)
5
Measurement
2. CINE Mode
Use this mode to obtain exposure settings when using film or digital motion-picture
cameras that record images using frame rate and shutter angle settings. When
measurements are taken, the meter will indicate the aperture value required for proper
exposure. This mode also enables taking Simplified Illuminance readings (Selectable in
Custom setting). Refer to the custom setting to select CINE mode (See page 26).
2-1.Taking measurements in Frame
Rate Priority mode
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Press MODE button to select
Frame
rate priority mode.
Hold ISO button and press UP or DOWN
button to select the ISO sensitivity (See
page 11)
Press UP or DOWN button to set the
desired frame rate.
If necessary, set shutter angle in Shutter
Angle Setting mode (default setting is
180 degrees. See page 15).
Press the MEASURING button to take
a measurement. Measurements will be
taken continuously and displayed as
aperture values as long as the button
is pressed. Releasing the MEASURING
button will hold and display the last
measurement value.
MODE button
MODE
UP button
DOWN button
ISO button
1/10 step measurement
value (f stop)
Measurement
Set frame rate value (f stop)
• Available frame rates include 8, 12, 16, 18, 24, 25, 30, 32, 48, 50, 60, 64, 96,
100, 120 and 128 f/s.
• After the measurement, the aperture value will be automatically adjusted to
maintain proper exposure when changes in shutter speed and/or ISO are made.
• If “E.o”(over) or “E.u” (under) appears and blinks, the measurement cannot
be made at the selected settings (See page 23).
14
5
Measurement
2-2.Setting Shutter Angles
1)
Press MODE button to select the
Shutter Angle Setting mode.
2)
Press UP or DOWN button to set the
desired shutter angle.
3)
MODE button
MODE
Press MEASURING button to return to
Frame rate priority mode, and make a
light measurement simultaneously.
UP button
DOWN button
• Available Shutter angles include 45, 90, 180, 270 and 360 degrees.
2-3.Taking measurements in Simplified illuminance mode
Illuminance mode can be selected in Custom
setting (See page 26).
15
1)
Slide the Lumisphere all the way to the right
and attach the accessory Lumidisc (See page
7).
2)
Press MODE button to select the simplified
illuminance mode.
3)
Position the Lumidisc in front of and parallel
to the area to be measured and press
MEASURING button. Measurements will
be taken continuously and displayed as
illuminance values as long as the button is
pressed. Releasing the MEASURING button
will hold and display the last measurement
value.
Lumidisc
Lumisphere
Measurement value (Lux)
Measurement value (Foot-Candle)
5
Measurement
3. PHOTO Mode
Use this mode to obtain exposure settings when taking single images with adjustable
film or digital cameras. Measuring mode choices include Ambient, Cordless Flash and
Cord Flash. When measurements are taken, the meter will indicate the aperture value
required for proper exposure.
Refer to the custom setting to select the PHOTO mode (See page 26).
3-1.Measuring Ambient Light
Press MODE button to select the
Ambient
mode. Measurements in this mode are made in
the Shutter Speed Priority mode or EV mode.
MODE button
MODE
3-1-1. Shutter Speed Priority mode
1)
Press the MODE button to select the
Shutter Speed Priority mode.
2)
Hold ISO button and press UP or DOWN
button to select the ISO sensitivity (See
page 11)
3)
Press the UP button or DOWN button to
set the desired shutter speed.
4)
Press the MEASURING button to make
a measurement. Measurements will be
taken continuously and displayed as
aperture values as long as the button
is pressed. Releasing the MEASURING
button will hold and display the last
measurement value.
UP button
ISO button
DOWN button
1/10 step measurement
value (f stop)
Set shutter
speed
Measurement
value (f stop)
• Use Custom Setting to display shutter speed step increment in full, 1/2 or 1/3
step increment (See page 26).
• Shutter speed can be set from 60 sec. to 1/8000 sec.
• After the measurement, the aperture value will be automatically adjusted to
maintain proper exposure when changes in shutter speed and/or ISO are made.
• If “E.o” (over) or “E.u” (under) appears and blinks, the measurement cannot
be made at the selected settings (See page 23).
16
5
Measurement
3-1-2. EV mode
1)
Press MODE button to select
mode.
MODE button
MODE
2)
Press MEASURING button to make a
measurement. Measurements will be
taken continuously and displayed as EV
values as long as the button is pressed.
Releasing the MEASURING button will
hold and display the last measurement
value.
Measurement value (EV)
• EV (Exposure Value) provides an easy way to observe differences in light
falling on a scene or subject when illuminated by a continuous light source.
An increase of 1EV indicates a 100% increase or doubling of the light.
Conversely, a decrease of 1EV indicates a decrease of 50% or halving of the
light.
17
5
Measurement
I Aperture Value & Shutter Speed Value, EV Contrast Table
EV=AV+TV
AV
TV
0
1s
1
1/2
2
1/4
3
1/8
4
1/15
5
1/30
6
1/60
7
1/125
8
1/250
9
1/500
10 1/1000
(At ISO100)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1.0
1.4
2.0
2.8
4.0
5.6
8.0
11
16
22
32
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
0 1 2
1 2 3
2 3 4
3 4 5
4 5 6
5 6 7
6 7 8
7 8 9
8 9 10
9 10 11
10 11 12
10
S Horizontal axis is for aperture values and the vertical axis is for shutter
speed values. The numbers on gray field are EV values.
18
5
Measurement
3-2.Measuring Electronic Flash
This measuring method includes the cord and cordless flash modes. When
measurements are taken, the meter will indicate the aperture value required for
proper exposure. The displayed value indicates the total amount of light, including
flash light and ambient light, measured during the shutter speed time set.
3-2-1.Cord Flash mode
This method assures proper synchronization
with flash units. It is necessary for taking
readings of M-Class flash bulbs.
1)
Connect the flash synchro cord to the
synchro terminal on the light meter.
2)
Press MODE button to select
mode.
3)
Hold ISO button and press UP or DOWN
button to select the ISO sensitivity (See
page 11)
4)
Press the UP button or the DOWN button
to set the desired shutter speed.
cord flash
MODE button
MODE
UP button
DOWN button
ISO button
Select a shutter speed range that will synchronize with your camera and
flash system.
l
5)
19
Press the MEASURING button to trigger
the flash. The measurement value (f stop)
will be displayed.
1/10 step measurement
value (f stop)
Set shutter
speed
Measurement
value (f stop)
5 Measurement
l To avoid a danger of choking, please place Synchro terminal cap in a location
where an infant cannot reach and accidentally swallow it. There is a danger of
suffocation.
l
There is a danger of electric shock if the meter is handled with wet hands,
during rain, in areas splashed by water or where there is a lot of moisture.
This may also result in damage to the meter.
l
The electronic flash unit may trigger when you connect the synchro cord or
operate the POWER button.
l
A cord-connected flash may not fire if the flash unit has an extremely low
trigger voltage. If this happens, use the Auto Reset Cordless Flash mode
(See page 21).
• Use Custom Setting to display shutter speed values in full, 1/2 or 1/3 values
(See page 26).
• Shutter speed can be set from 1 sec. through to 1/500 sec. Special shutter
speed settings will appear above 1/500 sec. (1/75, 1/80, 1/90 and 1/100 sec.)
• The displayed aperture value will be cancelled if the shutter speed is changed
after a cord measurement is taken. In such cases please measure again.
• If the ISO setting is changed after measuring, the displayed aperture value
will be automatically adjusted for the proper exposure.
• If “E.o”(over) or “E.u” (under) appears and blinks, the measurement cannot
be made at the selected settings (See page 23).
20
5
Measurement
3-2-2. Auto Reset Cordless Flash mode
Use this mode when a Synchro cord is too short, not available or use of a cord is
inconvenient.
MODE button
1)
Press the MODE button to select to the
Auto reset cordless flash mode.
2)
Hold ISO button and press UP or DOWN
button to select the ISO sensitivity (See
page 11)
3)
Press the UP button or the DOWN button
to set the desired shutter speed.
MODE
UP button
DOWN button
ISO button
Select a shutter speed range that will synchronize with your camera and
flash system.
l
4)
5)
When the MEASURING button is pressed,
the mode mark
will blink to indicate
that the meter is ready to measure. The
ready to measure mode will continue for
approximately 90 seconds.
Fire the flash to make a measurement.
Set shutter speed
1/10 step measurement
value (f stop)
Set shutter
speed
Measurement
value (f stop)
• If the 90 second period is exceeded and the blinking mark
stops, press
the MEASURING button again to return to ready to measure status.
21
5. Measurement
l
In mixed flash-ambient measurements, the meter may fail to detect the
light if the flash brightness is 9EV lower than the ambient light. In this case,
make measurements using the “Cord Flash mode” (See page 19).
l
Sometimes, certain fluorescent lamps and special lighting can be mistaken
for flash, and accidentally measured. In this case, make measurements
using the “Cord Flash mode” (See page 19).
l
Sudden, bright changes in light intensity, may be mistaken measured as
flash. To avoid this, use "Cord Flash Mode" (See page 19).
• The setting of shutter speed is same as “Cord Flash mode” (See page 19).
• After measuring, If the ISO is changed, the corresponding measured value (f
stop value) will be displayed.
• If “E.o”(over) or “E.u” (under) appears and blinks, the measurement cannot
be made at the selected settings (See page 23).
22
5
Measurement
4. Out of Display Range / Measurement Range
4-1.Out of Display Range
4-1-1. When “E.o” (Exposure Over) appears on the display
If the measured value requires a display value above the maximum display range,
“E.o” (Exposure over) will appear even though measured value is within the
meter’s measuring range. In this case, make one of the following adjustments to
display the measured value.
1) Press UP button to select a faster shutter speed setting.
2) Set lower ISO by pressing DOWN button while holding ISO button.
3) If possible, lower the output power of light source, and take another
measurement.
Display: HD_CINE mode
4-1-2. When “E.u” (Exposure under) appears on the display
If the measured value requires a display value below the minimum display range,
“E.u” (Exposure under) will appear even though measured value is within the meter’s
measuring range. In this case, make one of the following adjustments to display
the measured value.
1) Press DOWN button to select a slower shutter speed setting.
2) Set higher ISO by pressing UP button while holding ISO button.
3) If possible, raise the output power of light source, and take another measurement.
Display: HD_CINE mode
4-2.Out of Measurement Range
4-2-1. When “E.o” (Exposure over) blinks on the display
If the brightness exceeds the measuring range of the meter, “E.o” will blink to indicate
that measurements cannot be made. In this case,
if possible, adjust the flash output power or move
away from the light source and take another
measurement.
Display: HD_CINE mode
23
5
Measurement
4-2-2. When “E.u” (Exposure under) blinks on the display
If the darkness is beyond the measuring range
of the meter, “E.u” will blink to indicate that
measurements cannot be made. In this case,
if possible, adjust the flash output power
or move closer to the light source and take
another measurement.
Display: HD_CINE mode
5. Measuring contrast of light
This method is useful for setting brightness levels (ratios) of key, line, hair, and
eye lights for cinematography applications or evaluating studio lighting for Photo
applications. It is also useful to check the evenness of illumination across a subject
area or background such as a green screen.
1) Mount the Lumidisc accessory
EV Difference of
Contrast Ratio
(see page 7).
Measuring Value
2) Turn ON just the main light source.
1
2 : 1
Point the Lumidisc toward the
main light source from the subject
1.5
3 : 1
position and take a measurement.
2
4 : 1
3) Next turn ON just the secondary
light source. Point the Lumidisc
3
8 : 1
at the secondary light source and
4
16 : 1
take a measurement.
4) Determine the luminance
5
32 : 1
ratio (contrast ratio) using the
differrence of measuring values
of the main light source and the
secondary light source.
• To determine exposure after adjusting lights, turn ON both main light source
and secondary light source, then take a measurement with the Lumisphere
aimed in the direction of camera's lens axis.
24
6
Advanced Functions
1. Calibration compensation function
This meter has been calibrated to Sekonic standards. However, compensation may be
necessary to calibrate the meter to camera specifications or to match the display to
another exposure meter. Calibration compensation can be made in precise 1/10 step
increments in a +/-1.0 EV range.
1)
Set the camera Display mode (HD CINE, CINE or PHOTO) in advance.
• Calibration compensation can be set independently in each Display mode. Select
the Display mode in advance in the custom setting function. (see page 26)
2)
To enter the calibration compensation mode,
hold the ISO button and press the POWER
button to turn the meter ON .
“CAL” will appear at the upper right of
the LCD. The Display mode will appear
at the lower left of the LCD. The current
compensation amount will appear at the
lower right of display. (Default setting is
“0.0”)
3)
Select the compensation amount by pressing
the UP or DOWN button.
POWER button
MODE
ISO button
Calibration
compensation mode
Selected
Display mode
Compensation
amount
l
Plus compensation results in the increased exposure (the image becomes
brighter), and minus compensation results in the decreased exposure (the
image becomes darker).
l
Calibration compensation should be made after sufficient testing of the
camera or film in use indicates the necessity.
4)
25
Press POWER button to exit Calibration compensation mode.
6
Advanced Functions
2. Custom setting function
Use these settings to customize meter operations and displays to fit your camera and
metering requirements.
CS
Custom setting group
number
CS1
CS2
CS3
Custom setting item
HD_CINE mode
Display mode
“Hd_C” (*1)
Increments of aperture Full Step
and shutter speed
“1.0” (*1)
Simplified illuminance No Display
display (*2)
“NONE” (*1)
CINE mode
“CINE”
1/2 Step
“0.5”
Lux
“lx”
PHOTO mode
“PHOTO”
1/3 Step
“0.3”
Foot-Candle
“fc”
*1 Default settings.
*2 Simplified illuminance (Lux or Foot-Candle) is not displayed in PHOTO mode.
1)
To enter the custom setting mode, hold
the MODE button and then press the
POWER button to turn the meter ON.
MODE button
POWER button
‘CS’ (custom setting) and setting number
(1 to 3) will appear at the right of the
display. The current custom setting will
appear at the left side of the display.
Custom Setting item CS No./Group
2)
Press the UP or DOWN button to select the desired custom setting group
number.
Display mode
(CS1)
Increments of aperture
and shutter speed
(CS2)
Simplified
illuminance display
(CS3)
Press UP button or DOWN button
26
6
Advanced Functions
3)
l
The Custom setting item will change each time the MODE button is pressed.
Display mode group
HD_CINE mode
CINE mode
PHOTO mode
Press MODE button
l
Increments of aperture and shutter speed group
1 step (in 1/10 step)
1/2 step
1/3 step
Press MODE button
l
The 1/10 step increment will not be displayed when 1/2 stop or 1/3 stop is set.
l
When using EV mode in PHOTO mode, the 1/10 step increment is displayed
whichever increment is set.
l
Simplified illuminance display group
No display
Lux
Foot-Candle
Press MODE button
l
Foot-Candle display is available only for export models intended for use
outside Japan.
l
Illuminance will be displayed in HD_CINE mode or CINE mode ONLY ( Not
displayed in PHOTO mode).
4)
27
Press POWER button to exit Custom setting mode.
7
Accessories
l Synchro cord (Sold Separately)
This is a five-meter long cord with three
plugs. An exposure meter, a camera, and a
flash can all be connected at the same time.
This is convenient when measurements are
made, because it is not necessary to plug and
unplug the synchro cord. Also one side of
synchro cord has a look feature to make sure
connection with the meter.
l 18% Gray Card (Sold Separately)
18% gray card with cover (110 x 102mm, 4
1/4” x 3 1/3”), folds to 70 x 102mm, 2 3/4” x 4
3/4”, and fits in a shirt pocket.
Use this for proper reflected-light
measurements of mostly bright (white) or dark
(black) subjects.
28
8
Technical Data
Type
l Digital exposure meter for ambient and flash light
Light receiving method l Incident light and reflected light
Lumisphere, Lumidisc
Light receiving section l Incident light:
Lens (light receiving angle of 40°)
l Reflected light:
Light receptor
l Silicon photo diode
• Ambient light: Shutter speed priority mode
Measurement system
l HD_CINE Mode Frame rate setting mode
Simplified illuminance mode
• Ambient light: Frame rate priority mode
l CINE Mode
Shutter angle setting mode
Simplified illuminance mode
• Ambient light: Shutter speed priority mode
l PHOTO mode
EV mode
• Flash light:
Cord flash mode
Auto Reset cordless flash mode
Measurement range
EV0 to EV19.9
l Ambient light:
(ISO 100)
2.50lx to 190,000lx
0.23fc to 17,000fc
F No. 1.0 to F No. 90.9
l Flash:
Repeat accuracy
l ± 0.1 EV or less
Calibration constant
l Incident light metering: C = 340 (Lumisphere), C =250 (Lumidisc)
l Reflected light metering: K = 12.5
ISO 3 to 8000 (1/3 step)
Display range
l ISO sensitivity:
• HD_CINE Mode
l Shutter speed
Ambient light 1/8 sec. to 1/8000 sec. (1, 1/2, 1/3 step)
• PHOTO mode
Ambient light 60 sec. to 1/8000 sec. (1, 1/2, 1/3 step)
Flash light 1 sec. to 1/500 sec. (1, 1/2, 1/3 step)
Others 1/75, 1/80, 1/90, 1/100 sec.
• HD/ CINE Mode 8, 12, 16, 18, 24, 25,30, 32,
l Frame rate (f/s)
48,50, 60, 64, 96, 100, 120, 128 f/s
• CINE Mode
45, 90, 180, 270, 360 degrees
l Shutter angle
F No. 0.5 to F No. 90.9 (1, 1/2, 1/3 step)
l Aperture
EV-6.0 to EV27.2 (1/10 step)
l EV
Other functions
l Out of display or measurement range
E.u (Exposure Under) or E.o (Exposure Over) indication
l Battery Power Indicator display
l Auto Power Off (approx. 4 min after last operation)
l Custom settings 3 item settings possible
l Calibration compensation -1.0 to +1.0EV (1/10 step)
Battery used
l Type-AA 1.5-volt battery (alkaline, manganese, lithium, NiMH or Nickel types)
Operating temperature rangel 0°C to +40°C
Storage temperature rangel -20°C to +60°C
Dimensions
l Approx 63(W) x 110(H) x 22(D) mm
Weight
l Approx 95g (battery included)
Standard accessories
l Soft case, strap, Lumidisc, soft case for Lumidisc, synchro terminal
cap, type-AA 1.5-volt battery, Operating manual, Quick guide
Features and specifications are subject to change without notice.
29
9
l
Safty Guide and Maintenance
To avoid damage to meter, never drop or subject it to shock.
l
Avoid storping meter in places with high temperature and/or humidity.
l
Be careful excessive temperature changes that could cause humidity and
internal condensation, resulting in malfunction.
l
If the temperature of the meter drops to -10°C or beyond, response of
the LCD becomes extremely slow and displays are difficult to read. At
temperatures between 0 and 10°C the LCD will become somewhat slower
than normal but this does not hinder usage. Also, when the temperature
exceeds 50°C, the LCD will turn black and will be hard to read. This will return
to normal when the temperature returns to normal.
l
Do not place the meter in direct sunlight during midsummer or near
heaters, etc., as the temperature of the meter will rise beyond that of the air
temperature. Be careful when using the meter in hot locations.
l
Remove battery if meter is not used for an extended period. Batteries can
leak and damage the exposure meter. Dispose of used batteries properly.
Maintenance Notes
• Keep the Lumisphere, lens and Lumidisc clean and free from dust, foreign
particles and scratches to keep accurarate measurement.
• Wipe the L-308DC with a dry soft cloth if it becomes dirty. Never use organic
cleaners (like thinner or benzene) to clean Lumisphere.
30
SEKONIC CORPORATION
7-24-14, OIZUMI-GAKUEN-CHO, NERIMA-KU, TOKYO 178-8686, JAPAN
TEL: +81(0)3-3978-2335 FAX: +81(0)3-3978-5229
http://www.sekonic.com
JE2297561
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