Aruba 620 User guide

Aruba 620 User guide
Aruba Networks
Mobility Controller (7240, 7220, 7210, 6000, 3600,
3400, 3200, 650, 620) with ArubaOS 6.3
Security Target
May 2014
Document prepared by
Aruba Networks
Security Target
Document History
Version
Date
Author
Description
1.0
27 August 2012
L Turner
Release for evaluation.
1.1
3 October 2012
L Turner
Incorporate SHA-2 for IPSec and code signing.
Update ArubaOS version to 6.3.
1.2
6 December 2012
L Turner
Address EOR001.
1.3
21 January 2013
L Turner
Address EOR001 v2 and update
FCS_RBG_EXT.1.1(2) with CTR_DRBG.
1.4
27 January 2013
W Higaki
TSS updates to address assurance activities
1.5
5 July 2013
J Green
Added additional guidance information to address
EOR002
1.6
16 October 2013
L Turner
Lab requested editorials, update software version
and CSP table.
1.7
1 November 2013
J Green
Updates after EOR 2.0.
1.8
10 December 2013
J Green
Updated to remove TFPP items
1.9
27 January 2014
J Green
Updated CSP table; Added section for crypto
officer roles and services to address EOR002 item
4.
1.10
28 April 2014
J Green
Minor updates for version number and disabling of
FTP service
1.11
5 May 2014
J Green
Minor editing and format clean up
1.12
30 May 2014
S
Weingart
Minor edits in response to ASD comments
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Table of Contents
1
Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 5
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
2
TOE Description .................................................................................................................... 8
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
3
Conventions ................................................................................................................. 18
Extended Components Definition ................................................................................. 18
Functional Requirements ............................................................................................. 19
Assurance Requirements ............................................................................................. 31
TOE Summary Specification .............................................................................................. 32
6.1
6.2
7
Objectives for the Operational Environment ................................................................ 16
Objectives for the TOE ................................................................................................. 16
Security Requirements ....................................................................................................... 18
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
6
Threats ......................................................................................................................... 14
Organizational Security Policies ................................................................................... 14
Assumptions ................................................................................................................. 14
Security Objectives............................................................................................................. 16
4.1
4.2
5
Type ............................................................................................................................... 8
TOE Architecture ............................................................................................................ 8
Usage ............................................................................................................................. 9
Security Functions ........................................................................................................ 10
Physical Scope ............................................................................................................. 11
Logical Scope ............................................................................................................... 13
Security Problem Definition ............................................................................................... 14
3.1
3.2
3.3
4
Overview ........................................................................................................................ 5
Conformance Claims ...................................................................................................... 5
Terminology.................................................................................................................... 6
References ..................................................................................................................... 6
Security Functions ........................................................................................................ 32
Cryptography ................................................................................................................ 38
Rationale .............................................................................................................................. 48
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
Conformance Claim Rationale ..................................................................................... 48
Security Objectives Rationale ...................................................................................... 48
Security Requirements Rationale ................................................................................. 48
TOE Summary Specification Rationale ........................................................................ 48
Annex A: NDPP Assurance Activities ....................................................................................... 51
List of Tables
Table 1: Evaluation identifiers ......................................................................................................... 5
Table 2: Terminology ....................................................................................................................... 6
Table 3: TOE chassis and appliance models ................................................................................ 11
Table 4: Threats drawn from NDPP .............................................................................................. 14
Table 6: OSPs drawn from NDPP ................................................................................................. 14
Table 7: Assumptions drawn from NDPP ...................................................................................... 15
Table 9: Operational environment objectives drawn from NDPP .................................................. 16
Table 11: Objectives drawn from NDPP ........................................................................................ 16
Table 13: Extended Components .................................................................................................. 18
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Table 14: Summary of SFRs ......................................................................................................... 19
Table 15: Auditable events ............................................................................................................ 21
Table 16: Assurance Requirements .............................................................................................. 31
Table 17: CSPs.............................................................................................................................. 39
Table 14 - Crypto-Officer Services ................................................................................................ 44
Table 15: Map of SFRs to TSS Security Functions ....................................................................... 48
List of Figures
Figure 1: TOE usage scenario ....................................................................................................... 10
Figure 2: Aruba 7000 Series Mobility Controller ............................................................................ 12
Figure 3: Aruba 6000 Chassis with four M3 Mobility Controller blades ......................................... 12
Figure 4: Aruba 3000 Series Mobility Controllers .......................................................................... 12
Figure 5: Aruba 600 Series Mobility Controller .............................................................................. 12
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1
Introduction
1.1
Overview
1
The Aruba Networks Mobility Controller is a network device that serves as a gateway
between wired and wireless networks and provides command-and-control over
Access Points (APs) within an Aruba dependant wireless network. ArubaOS 6.3 is
the underlying operating system of the Mobility Controller, which is available in
modular chassis or network appliance models:
a)
Aruba 7000 and 6000 Series. The Aruba 7240, 7220, 7210 and 6000 with M3
blades are designed for corporate headquarters and large campus
deployments.
b)
Aruba 3000 Series. The Aruba 3200, 3400 and 3600 are designed for small,
medium and large enterprises.
c)
Aruba 600 Series. The Aruba 620 and 650 are designed for branch offices
and similar deployments.
2
This Security Target (ST) defines the Mobility Controller (7240, 7220, 7210, 6000,
3600, 3400, 3200, 650, 620) with ArubaOS 6.3 Target of Evaluation (TOE) for the
purposes of Common Criteria (CC) evaluation.
3
Whilst the Aruba Networks Mobility Controller offers a wide range of wireless, wired
and remote networking features, the TOE is constrained to the following security
features:
a)
Secure communication with remote administrators, authentication servers and
audit servers
b)
Secure management including authentication, verifiable updates and auditing
c)
Self-verification of integrity and operation
4
For a precise statement of the scope of incorporated security features, refer to
section 2.4. NOTE: The Wireless and Access Point capabilities of these devices
were not tested under this evaluation as those aspects are not within the scope of
the NDPP.
5
Identification
Table 1: Evaluation identifiers
Target of Evaluation
Aruba Networks Mobility Controller (7240, 7220, 7210, 6000, 3600,
3400, 3200, 650, 620) with ArubaOS 6.3
Software Version: 6.3.1.5-FIPS
Security Target
Aruba Networks Mobility Controller (7240, 7220, 7210, 6000, 3600,
3400, 3200, 650, 620) with ArubaOS 6.3 Security Target, v1.12
1.2
Conformance Claims
6
This ST supports the following conformance claims:
a)
CC version 3.1 release 3
b)
CC Part 2 extended
c)
CC Part 3 conformant
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d)
1.3
Security Target
U.S. Government Approved Protection Profile - Security Requirements for
Network Devices , v1.1 (herein referred to as NDPP)
Terminology
Table 2: Terminology
Term
Definition
ACL
Access Control List
AP
Access Point
ARM
Adaptive Radio Management
CC
Common Criteria
CLI
Command Line Interface
CSP
Critical Security Parameter
EAL
Evaluation Assurance Level
KAT
Known Answer Test
NDPP
U.S. Government Approved Protection Profile – Security
Requirements for Network Devices , v1.1
NIST
National Institute of Standards and Technology
NTP
Network Time Protocol
OSP
Organizational Security Policy
PP
Protection Profile
RAP
Remote Access Point
RF
Radio Frequency
ST
Security Target
TOE
Target of Evaluation
TSF
TOE Security Functionality
WebUI
Web User Interface
1.4
[USER]
References
ArubaOS 6.3.x User Guide, Ref 0511497-00
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[CLI]
ArubaOS 6.3.x Command Line Interface, Ref 0511500-00
[SYSLOG]
ArubaOS 6.3.x Syslog Messages Guide, Ref 0511324-01
[MIB]
ArubaOS 6.3 MIB Reference Guide, Ref 0511323-01
[FIPS]
Aruba 600/3000/6000/7200 FIPS 140-2 Security Policy
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2
TOE Description
2.1
Type
7
The TOE is a network device.
8
In the CC evaluated configuration, the TOE must be configured to operate in the
FIPS 140-2 Approved mode of operation. In FIPS-Approved mode, weak protocols
and algorithms are disabled. Please reference the appropriate FIPS 140-2 Security
Policy documents for each controller and access point for more details at
http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/STM/cmvp/index.html.
2.2
TOE Architecture
9
At a high level, Aruba Mobility Controllers are hardware appliances consisting of a
multicore network processor, Ethernet interfaces, and required supporting circuitry
and power supplies enclosed in a metal chassis. The software running on the
Mobility Controller is called ArubaOS, which consists of two main components, both
implemented on multiple cores within a single network processor:
a)
Control Plane (CP)—implements functions which can be handled at lower
speeds such as Mobility Controller system management (CLI and Web GUI),
user authentication (e.g. 802.1X, RADIUS, LDAP), Internet Key Exchange
(IKE), auditing/logging (syslog), Wireless IDS (WIDS), and termination of
protocols operating at the system level (e.g. SSH, TLS, NTP, etc.). The
Control Plane runs the Linux operating system along with various user-space
applications (described below).
b)
Data Plane (DP)—implements functions that must be handled at high speeds
such as high-speed switching functions (forwarding, VLAN
tagging/enforcement, bridging), termination of 802.11 associations/sessions,
tunnel termination (GRE, IPsec), deep packet inspection functions, and
cryptographic acceleration. The Data Plane runs a lightweight, proprietary
real-time OS which is known as “SOS” (an acronym whose definition is no
longer known).
10
The Control Plane and Data Plane are inseparable. Administrators install the
software by loading a single file, identified as “ArubaOS”. Internally, the Mobility
Controller unpacks the ArubaOS software image into its various components. A
given ArubaOS software image has a single version number, and includes all
software components necessary to operate both mobility controllers and APs.
11
The CP runs the Linux OS, along with various custom user-space applications which
provide the following CP functions:
a)
Monitors and manages critical system resources, including processes,
memory, and flash
b)
Manages system configuration and licensing
c)
Manages an internal database used to store licenses, user authentication
information, etc.
d)
Provides network anomaly detection, hardware monitoring, mobility
management, wireless management, and radio frequency management
services
e)
Provides a Command Line Interface (CLI)
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f)
Provides a web-based (HTTPS/TLS) management UI for the mobility
controller
g)
Provides various WLAN station and AP management functions
h)
Provides authentication services for the system management interfaces (CLI,
web GUI) as well as for WLAN users
i)
Provides IPsec key management services for APs and connections with other
Aruba mobility controllers (Note: IPsec for APs, VPN users and other mobility
controllers is not within the scope of evaluation)
j)
Provides network time protocol service for APs, point to point tunnelling
protocol services for users, layer 2 tunnelling protocol services for users, SSH
services for incoming management connections, SNMP client/agent services,
and protocol independent multicast (routing) services for the controller
k)
Provides syslog services by sending logs to the operating environment.
12
The Linux OS running on the CP is a version 2.6.32 kernel. Linux is a soft real-time,
multi-threaded operating system that supports memory protection between
processes. Only Aruba provided interfaces are used, and the CLI is a restricted
command set. Administrators do not have access to the Linux command shell or
operating system.
13
The DP is further subdivided into two subcomponents: Fast Path (FP) and Slow1
Path (SP). The FP implements high-speed packet forwarding based on various
proprietary tables and sends the packets to SP. The SP manages (create, delete,
and age entries) all DP tables such as user, station, tunnel, route, ARP cache,
session, bridge, VLAN2, and port. The SP also performs deep packet inspection and
cryptographic processing.
14
The data plane is implemented on a multi-core network processor. There is a
lightweight, Aruba-proprietary OS running on the network processor called SOS.
SOS contains an Ethernet driver, a serial driver, a logging facility, semaphore
support, and a crypto driver. This OS is not a general purpose operating system. In
the Aruba 6000 with M3 controller card, an FPGA is also used to control and monitor
the switch fabric, Ethernet interface hardware, and provide security functionality such
as filtering.
15
The DP and CP run on different hardware platforms but the security functionality
remains the same, regardless of the model. The differences in the platforms are in
the processors, memory capacity, physical interfaces, FPGA implementation, etc.,
and are based on performance and scalability requirements.
2.3
Usage
16
The TOE is generally deployed as a gateway between wired and wireless networks
that performs command-and-control within an Aruba dependent wireless network
architecture consisting of one or more Aruba mobility controllers and multiple Aruba
wireless APs. In this architecture, Aruba split the traditional functions of an all-in-one
1
The entire DP (including both FP and SP elements) is a high-speed packet processor, so the SP
designation should be understood to be relative in terms of speed.
2
A VLAN has the same attributes as a physical LAN, but it allows for end devices to be grouped together
even if they are not located on the same network switch. Network reconfiguration can be done through the
Aruba software instead of physically relocating devices.
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wireless access point between the controller and the AP.
deployment is depicted in Figure 1.
A simple TOE
Figure 1: TOE usage scenario
17
There are many combinations of deployment scenarios, ranging from branch office
environments in which the mobility controller and access point are combined (Aruba
600 Series) to campus deployments with multiple redundant mobility controllers.
18
The non-security functionality provided by a mobility controller goes beyond
managing dependants APs, and includes:
a)
Performing Layer 2 switching and Layer 3 routing
b)
Terminating Internet-based remote access points
c)
Providing advanced Radio Frequency (RF) services with Adaptive Radio
Management (ARM) and spectrum analysis
d)
Providing location services and RF coverage “heat maps” of the deployment
e)
Providing self-contained management by way of a master/local hierarchy with
one controller
f)
Pushing configuration to other mobility controllers to reduce administrative
overhead
g)
Delivering AP software updates automatically when the mobility controller is
upgraded
2.4
Security Functions
19
The TOE provides the following security functions:
a)
Protected communications. The TOE protects the following communication
flows:
i)
WebUI. Communication with the administrative web user interface
(WebUI) is protected using TLS/HTTPS.
ii)
CLI. Remote administration via the Command Line Interface (CLI) is
protected using SSHv2.
iii)
Syslog. Syslog messages are protected using IPSec.
iv)
Radius. Radius authentication messages are protected using IPSec.
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b)
Verifiable updates. Updates are digitally signed and verified upon installation
utilizing digital signatures.
c)
System monitoring. The TOE maintains an audit log of administrative and
security relevant events. Logs can optionally be delivered to a Syslog server.
d)
Secure administration. The TOE provides administration interfaces for
configuration and monitoring. The TOE authenticates administrators and
implements session timeouts.
e)
Residual information clearing. The TOE ensures that network packets sent
from the TOE do not include data "left over" from the processing of previous
network information.
f)
Self-test. The TOE performs both power-up and conditional self-tests to verify
correct and secure operation.
g)
Firewall. The TOE performs stateful packet filtering. Wireless clients
connecting through APs are placed into user-roles. Stateful packet filter
policies are applied to these user-roles to allow fine grained control over
wireless traffic. Note: Firewall functionality is not within the scope of this
evaluation.
2.5
Physical Scope
20
The TOE comprises the ArubaOS 6.3 software and the chassis and appliance
models listed in Table 3.
21
ArubaOS 6.3 consists of a base software package with add-on software modules
that can be activated by installing the appropriate licenses. The following licenses
are required for the evaluated configuration (and are within the physical scope):
a)
Advanced Cryptography Note: Only required if using Elliptic Curve
cryptography or AES-GCM
b)
Policy Enforcement Firewall Next Generation (not within the scope of this
evaluation)
Table 3: TOE chassis and appliance models
Model
Max # APs
Max # users
Firewall throughput
7240
2048
65,536
40 Gbps
7220
1024
32,768
40 Gbps
7210
512
16,384
28.3 Gbps
2,048
32,768
80 Gbps
3600
128
8,192
4 Gbps
3400
64
4,096
4 Gbps
3200
32
2,048
3 Gbps
650
16
512
2 Gbps
6000 with four M3 blades
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Model
620
22
Security Target
Max # APs
Max # users
8
256
Firewall throughput
800 Mbps
The differences in the models include the number of ports, interfaces, throughput
and processing speed, memory and storage. Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4 and Figure
5 show the physical appearance of the TOE models.
Figure 2: Aruba 7000 Series Mobility Controller
Figure 3: Aruba 6000 Chassis with four M3 Mobility Controller blades
Figure 4: Aruba 3000 Series Mobility Controllers
Figure 5: Aruba 600 Series Mobility Controller
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2.5.1
Guidance Documents
23
The TOE includes the following guidance documents:
a)
ArubaOS 6.3 Quick Start Guide, Ref 0511320-01
b)
ArubaOS 6.3.x User Guide, Ref 0511497-00
c)
ArubaOS 6.3.x Syslog Messages, Ref 0511324-01
d)
ArubaOS 6.3.x Command Line Interface, Ref 0511500-00
e)
ArubaOS 6.3.1.5 Release Notes, Ref 0511467-05
f)
Aruba 600/3000/6000/7200 FIPS 140-2 Security Policy
2.5.2
Non-TOE Components
24
The TOE operates with the following components in the environment:
a)
Access Points. APs connect to the TOE in Aruba dependent wireless
network architectures. Wireless clients connect to the APs.
b)
Audit Server. The TOE can utilize a Syslog server to store audit records.
c)
Authentication Server. The TOE can utilize a Radius server to authenticate
users.
d)
Time Server. The TOE can utilize a Network Time Protocol (NTP) server to
synchronize its system clock with a central time source.
e)
Web Browser. The remote administrator can use a web browser to access
the Web GUI interface.
f)
SSH Client. The remote administrator can use an SSH client to access the
CLI.
2.6
Logical Scope
25
The logical scope of the TOE comprises the security functions defined in section 2.4.
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3
Security Problem Definition
3.1
Threats
26
Table 1 and Table 2 identify the threats addressed by the TOE.
Table 4: Threats drawn from NDPP
Identifier
Description
T.ADMIN_ERROR
An administrator may unintentionally install or configure the
TOE incorrectly, resulting in ineffective security mechanisms.
T.TSF_FAILURE
Security mechanisms of the TOE may fail, leading to a
compromise of the TSF.
T.UNDETECTED_ACTIONS
Malicious remote users or external IT entities may take actions
that adversely affect the security of the TOE. These actions
may remain undetected and thus their effects cannot be
effectively mitigated.
T.UNAUTHORIZED_ACCESS
A user may gain unauthorized access to the TOE data and
TOE executable code. A malicious user, process, or external
IT entity may masquerade as an authorized entity in order to
gain unauthorized access to data or TOE resources. A
malicious user, process, or external IT entity may misrepresent
itself as the TOE to obtain identification and authentication
data.
T.UNAUTHORIZED_UPDATE
A malicious party attempts to supply the end user with an
update to the product that may compromise the security
features of the TOE.
T.USER_DATA_REUSE
User data may be inadvertently sent to a destination not
intended by the original sender.
3.2
Organizational Security Policies
27
Table 5 identifies the Organizational Security Policies (OSPs) that are addressed by
the TOE.
Table 5: OSPs drawn from NDPP
Identifier
Description
P.ACCESS_BANNER
The TOE shall display an initial banner describing restrictions of
use, legal agreements, or any other appropriate information to
which users consent by accessing the TOE.
3.3
Assumptions
28
Table 6 identifies the assumptions related to the TOE’s environment.
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Table 6: Assumptions drawn from NDPP
Identifier
Description
A.NO_GENERAL_PURPOSE
It is assumed that there are no general-purpose computing
capabilities (e.g., compilers or user applications) available on
the TOE, other than those services necessary for the operation,
administration and support of the TOE.
A.PHYSICAL
Physical security, commensurate with the value of the TOE and
the data it contains, is assumed to be provided by the
environment.
A.TRUSTED_ADMIN
TOE Administrators are trusted to follow and apply all
administrator guidance in a trusted manner.
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4
Security Objectives
4.1
Objectives for the Operational Environment
29
Table 7 identifies the objectives for the operational environment.
Table 7: Operational environment objectives drawn from NDPP
Identifier
Description
OE.NO_GENERAL_PURPOSE
There are no general-purpose computing capabilities (e.g.,
compilers or user applications) available on the TOE, other
than those services necessary for the operation,
administration and support of the TOE.
OE.PHYSICAL
Physical security, commensurate with the value of the TOE
and the data it contains, is provided by the environment.
OE.TRUSTED_ADMIN
TOE Administrators are trusted to follow and apply all
administrator guidance in a trusted manner.
4.2
Objectives for the TOE
30
Table 8 identifies the security objectives for the TOE.
Table 8: Objectives drawn from NDPP
Identifier
Description
O.PROTECTED
_COMMUNICATIONS
The TOE will provide protected communication channels for
administrators, other parts of a distributed TOE, and
authorized IT entities.
O.VERIFIABLE_UPDATES
The TOE will provide the capability to help ensure that any
updates to the TOE can be verified by the administrator to be
unaltered and (optionally) from a trusted source.
O.SYSTEM_MONITORING
The TOE will provide the capability to generate audit data and
send those data to an external IT entity.
O.DISPLAY_BANNER
The TOE will display an advisory warning regarding use of the
TOE.
O.TOE_ADMINISTRATION
The TOE will provide mechanisms to ensure that only
administrators are able to log in and configure the TOE, and
provide protections for logged-in administrators.
O.RESIDUAL_INFORMATION
_CLEARING
The TOE will ensure that any data contained in a protected
resource is not available when the resource is reallocated.
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Identifier
Description
O.SESSION_LOCK
The TOE shall provide mechanisms that mitigate the risk of
unattended sessions being hijacked.
O.TSF_SELF_TEST
The TOE will provide the capability to test some subset of its
security functionality to ensure it is operating properly.
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5
Security Requirements
5.1
Conventions
31
This document uses the following font conventions to identify the operations defined
by the CC:
a)
Assignment. Indicated with italicized text.
b)
Refinement. Indicated with bold text and strikethroughs.
c)
Selection. Indicated with underlined text.
d)
Assignment within a Selection: Indicated with italicized and underlined text.
e)
Iteration. Indicated by appending the iteration number in parenthesis, e.g.,
(1), (2), (3).
32
Operations specified by the NDPP (that are not specified by CC Part 2) are also
identified using the above convention.
33
Explicitly stated SFRs are identified by having a label ‘EXT’ after the requirement
name for TOE SFRs.
34
Application notes from the NDPP have not been reproduced except where their
inclusion aids the ST reader in understanding the SFRs.
5.2
Extended Components Definition
35
Table 9 identifies the extended components which are incorporated into this ST. All
components are reproduced directly from the NDPP and therefore no further
definition is provided in this document.
Table 9: Extended Components
Component
Title
Source
FAU_STG_EXT.1
External Audit Trail Storage
NDPP
FCS_CKM_EXT.4
Cryptographic Key Zeroization
NDPP
FCS_RBG_EXT.1
Cryptographic Operation (Random Bit Generation)
NDPP
FIA_PMG_EXT.1
Password Management
NDPP
FIA_UIA_EXT.1
User Identification and Authentication
NDPP
FIA_UAU_EXT.2
Password-based Authentication Mechanism
NDPP
FPT_SKP_EXT.1
Protection of TSF Data (for reading of all symmetric keys)
NDPP
FPT_APW_EXT.1
Protection of Administrator Passwords
NDPP
FPT_TUD_EXT.1
Trusted Update
NDPP
FPT_TST_EXT.1
TSF Testing
NDPP
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Component
Title
Source
FTA_SSL_EXT.1
TSF-initiated Session Locking
NDPP
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1
Explicit: IPSEC
NDPP
FCS_TLS_EXT.1
Explicit: TLS
NDPP
FCS_SSH_EXT.1
Explicit: SSH
NDPP
5.3
Functional Requirements
Table 10: Summary of SFRs
Requirement
Title
FAU_GEN.1
Audit Data Generation
FAU_GEN.2
User Identity Association
FAU_STG_EXT.1
External Audit Trail Storage
FCS_CKM.1(1)
Cryptographic Key Generation (for asymmetric keys – HTTPS/TLS)
FCS_CKM.1(2)
Cryptographic Key Generation (for asymmetric keys – IPSec)
FCS_CKM.1(3)
Cryptographic Key Generation (for asymmetric keys – SSH)
FCS_CKM_EXT.4
Cryptographic Key Zeroization
FCS_COP.1(1)
Cryptographic Operation (for data encryption/decryption)
FCS_COP.1(2)
Cryptographic Operation (for cryptographic signature – RSA)
FCS_COP.1(3)
Cryptographic Operation (for cryptographic hashing)
FCS_COP.1(4)
Cryptographic Operation (for cryptographic signature - ECDSA)
FCS_RBG_EXT.1(1)
Extended: Cryptographic Operation (Random Bit Generation –
SSH/TLS)
FCS_RBG_EXT.1(2)
Extended: Cryptographic Operation (Random Bit Generation - IPSec)
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1
Explicit: HTTPS
FCS_TLS_EXT.1
Explicit: TLS
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1
Explicit: IPSEC
FCS_SSH_EXT.1
Explicit: SSH
FDP_RIP.2
Full Residual Information Protection
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Requirement
Title
FIA_PMG_EXT.1
Password Management
FIA_UIA_EXT.1
User Identification and Authentication
FIA_UAU_EXT.2
Extended: Password-based Authentication Mechanism
FIA_UAU.7
Protected Authentication Feedback
FMT_MTD.1
Management of TSF Data (for general TSF data)
FMT_SMF.1
Specification of Management Functions
FMT_SMR.2
Restrictions on Security Roles
FPT_SKP_EXT.1
Extended: Protection of TSF Data (for reading of all symmetric keys)
FPT_APW_EXT.1
Extended: Protection of Administrator Passwords
FPT_STM.1
Reliable Time Stamps
FPT_TUD_EXT.1
Extended: Trusted Update
FPT_TST_EXT.1
TSF Testing
FTA_SSL_EXT.1
TSF-initiated Session Locking
FTA_SSL.3
TSF-initiated Termination
FTA_SSL.4
User-initiated Termination
FTA_TAB.1
Default TOE Access Banners
FTP_ITC.1
Inter-TSF trusted channel
FTP_TRP.1
Trusted Path
5.3.1
Security Audit (FAU)
FAU_GEN.1
Audit Data Generation
FAU_GEN.1.1
The TSF shall be able to generate an audit record of the following
auditable events:
a) Start-up of the audit functions;
b) All auditable events for the not specified level of audit; and
c) All administrative actions;
d) Specifically defined auditable events listed in Table 11.
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The TSF shall record within each audit record at least the following
information:
a) Date and time of the event, type of event, subject identity, and the
outcome (success or failure) of the event; and
b) For each audit event type, based on the auditable event definitions of
the functional components included in the PP/ST, information
specified in column three of Table 11.
Table 11: Auditable events
Requirement
Auditable Events
Additional Audit Record Contents
Guidance Notes
FIA_UIA_EXT.1
All use of the identification
and authentication
mechanism.
Provided user identity, origin of the
attempt
See [SYSLOG] – Security - Warnings
FIA_UAU_EXT.2
All use of the authentication
mechanism.
Origin of the attempt (e.g., IP
address).
Same audit messages apply as for
FIA_UIA_EXT.1.
FPT_STM.1
Changes to the time. The old
and new values for the time.
Origin of the attempt (e.g., IP
address).
See [SYSLOG] – Security – Warnings
for the clock change message. The
audit trail will indicate the IP address
from which the change was made.
FPT_TUD_EXT.1
Initiation of update.
No additional information.
The audit trail will indicate when a new
software image has been copied to the
TOE through use of the “copy”
command. A complete reboot is
required to make an update actually
take effect.
FTA_SSL_EXT.1
Any attempts at unlocking of
an interactive session.
No additional information.
N/A for this TOE. Interactive sessions
are only terminated, not locked.
FTA_SSL.3
The termination of a remote
session by the session
locking mechanism.
No additional information.
See [SYSLOG] – Security - Warnings
FTA_SSL.4
The termination of an
interactive session.
No additional information.
See [SYSLOG] – Security - Warnings
FTP_ITC.1
Initiation of the trusted
channel. Termination of the
trusted channel. Failure of the
trusted channel functions.
Identification of the initiator and target
of failed trusted channels
establishment attempt.
The Inter-TSF trusted channel is
IPsec. Audit messages will be the
same as for FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.
FTP_TRP.1
Initiation of the trusted
channel. Termination of the
trusted channel. Failures of
the trusted path functions.
Identification of the claimed user
identity.
Depending on whether the remote
administrator is using HTTPS or SSH,
the audit messages will be the same
as FCS_SSH_EXT.1 or
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1. Audit message
125022 includes the identification of
the claimed user identity.
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1
Failure to establish an IPsec
SA.
Reason for failure.
See [SYSLOG] message ID 103001
through 103092
Establishment/Termination of
an IPsec SA.
Non-TOE endpoint of connection (IP
address) for both successes and
failures.
See [SYSLOG] message ID 103009,
103077
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Requirement
Auditable Events
Additional Audit Record Contents
Guidance Notes
FCS_TLS_EXT.1
Failure to establish a TLS
Session.
Reason for failure.
TLS is only used in the context of
HTTPS. Audit messages for TLS will
be the same as FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.
Establishment/Termination of
a TLS session.
Non-TOE endpoint of connection (IP
address) for both successes and
failures.
TLS is only used in the context of
HTTPS. Audit messages for TLS will
be the same as FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.
Failure to establish an SSH
session
Reason for failure.
See [SYSLOG] message ID 125022
Establishment/Termination of
an SSH session
Non-TOE endpoint of connection (IP
address) for both successes and
failures.
See [SYSLOG] – Security - Warnings
Failure to establish a HTTPS
Session.
Reason for failure.
See [SYSLOG] message ID 125022
Establishment/Termination of
a HTTPS session.
Non-TOE endpoint of connection (IP
address) for both successes and
failures.
See [SYSLOG] – Security - Warnings
FCS_SSH_EXT.1
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1
FAU_GEN.2
User Identity Association
FAU_GEN.2.1
For audit events resulting from actions of identified users, the TSF shall
be able to associate each auditable event with the identity of the user
that caused the event.
FAU_STG_EXT.1
External Audit Trail Storage
FAU_STG_EXT.1.1
The TSF shall be able to transmit the generated audit data to an external
IT entity using a trusted channel implementing the IPsec protocol.
5.3.2
Cryptographic Support (FCS)
FCS_CKM.1(1)
Cryptographic Key Generation (for asymmetric keys –
HTTPS/TLS)
FCS_CKM.1.1(1)
Refinement: The TSF shall generate asymmetric cryptographic keys
used for key establishment in accordance with:

NIST Special Publication 800-56B, “Recommendation for Pair-Wise
Key Establishment Schemes Using Integer Factorization
Cryptography” for RSA-based key establishment schemes
and specified cryptographic key sizes equivalent to, or greater than, a
symmetric key strength of 112 bits.
Application Note:
This requirement is related to the use of RSA in HTTPS/TLS.
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FCS_CKM.1(2)
Cryptographic Key Generation (for asymmetric keys – IPSec)
FCS_CKM.1.1(2)
The TSF shall generate asymmetric cryptographic keys used for key
establishment in accordance with:

NIST Special Publication 800-56A, “Recommendation for Pair-Wise
Key Establishment Schemes Using Discrete Logarithm
Cryptography” for finite field-based key establishment schemes;

NIST Special Publication 800-56A, “Recommendation for Pair-Wise
Key Establishment Schemes Using Discrete Logarithm
Cryptography” for elliptic curve-based key establishment schemes
and implementing “NIST curves” P-256, P-384 and no other curves
(as defined in FIPS PUB 186-3, “Digital Signature Standard”) and

NIST Special Publication 800-56B, “Recommendation for Pair-Wise
Key Establishment Schemes Using Integer Factorization
Cryptography” for RSA-based key establishment schemes
and specified cryptographic key sizes equivalent to, or greater than, a
symmetric key strength of 112 bits.
Application Note:
This requirement is related to the use of Diffie-Hellman, RSA and/or
ECDSA in IPSec (depending on configuration for the multiple uses of
IPSec).
FCS_CKM.1(3)
Cryptographic Key Generation (for asymmetric keys – SSH)
FCS_CKM.1.1(3)
The TSF shall generate asymmetric cryptographic keys used for key
establishment in accordance with:

NIST Special Publication 800-56A, “Recommendation for Pair-Wise
Key Establishment Schemes Using Discrete Logarithm
Cryptography” for finite field-based key establishment schemes;
and specified cryptographic key sizes equivalent to, or greater than, a
symmetric key strength of 112 bits.
Application Note:
This requirement is related to the use of Diffie-Hellman in SSH.
FCS_CKM_EXT.4
Cryptographic Key Zeroization
FCS_CKM_EXT.4.1
The TSF shall zeroize all plaintext secret and private cryptographic keys
and CSPs when no longer required.
Application Note:
“Cryptographic Critical Security Parameters” are defined in FIPS 140-2
as “security-related information (e.g., secret and private cryptographic
keys, and authentication data such as passwords and PINs) whose
disclosure or modification can compromise the security of a
cryptographic module.”
The zeroization indicated above applies to each intermediate storage
area for plaintext key/cryptographic critical security parameter (i.e., any
storage, such as memory buffers, that is included in the path of such
data) upon the transfer of the key/cryptographic critical security
parameter to another location.
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FCS_COP.1(1)
Cryptographic Operation (for data encryption/decryption)
FCS_COP.1.1(1)
Refinement: The TSF shall perform encryption and decryption in
accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm AES operating in
AES-CBC, AES-CCM, AES-GCM and cryptographic key sizes 128-bits,
256-bits, and 192 bits that meet the following:

FIPS PUB 197, “Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)”

NIST SP 800-38A, NIST SP 800-38C, NIST SP 800-38D
FCS_COP.1(2)
Cryptographic Operation (for cryptographic signature – RSA)
FCS_COP.1.1(2)
Refinement: The TSF shall perform cryptographic signature services
in accordance with a:
RSA Digital Signature Algorithm (rDSA) with a key size (modulus) of
2048 bits or greater
that meets the following:

FIPS PUB 186-2 or FIPS PUB 186-3, “Digital Signature Standard”
FCS_COP.1(3)
Cryptographic Operation (for cryptographic hashing)
FCS_COP.1.1(3)
Refinement: The TSF shall perform cryptographic hashing services in
accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm SHA-1, SHA-256,
SHA-384] and message digest sizes 160, 256, 384 bits that meet the
following: FIPS Pub 180-3, “Secure Hash Standard.”
FCS_COP.1(4)
Cryptographic Operation (for keyed-hash message
authentication)
FCS_COP.1.1(4)
Refinement: The TSF shall perform keyed-hash message authentication
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm HMAC-SHA-1,
SHA-256, SHA-384, key size 160-bit, 256-bit, 384-bit and message
digest sizes 160, 256, 384 bits that meet the following: FIPS Pub 198-1,
"The Keyed Hash Message Authentication Code, and FIPS Pub 180-3,
“Secure Hash Standard.”
FCS_COP.1(5)
Cryptographic Operation (for cryptographic signature –
ECDSA)
FCS_COP.1.1(5)
Refinement:The TSF shall perform cryptographic signature services
in accordance with a:
Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA) with a key size
of 256 bits or greater
that meets the following:

FIPS PUB 186-3, “Digital Signature Standard”
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
Application Note:
The TSF shall implement “NIST curves” P-256, P-384 and no
other curves (as defined in FIPS PUB 186-3, “Digital Signature
Standard”).
This component is iterated as instructed by the application notes of the
NDPP.
FCS_RBG_EXT.1(1) Extended: Cryptographic Operation (Random Bit Generation
– SSH/TLS)
FCS_RBG_EXT.1.1(1) The TSF shall perform all random bit generation (RBG) services in
accordance with FIPS Pub 140-2 Annex C: X9.31 Appendix 2.4 using
AES seeded by an entropy source that accumulated entropy from a TSFhardware-based noise source.
FCS_RBG_EXT.1.2 (1) The deterministic RBG shall be seeded with a minimum of 256 bits of
entropy at least equal to the greatest bit length of the keys and
authorization factors that it will generate.
FCS_RBG_EXT.1(2) Extended: Cryptographic Operation (Random Bit Generation IPSec)
FCS_RBG_EXT.1.1(2) The TSF shall perform all random bit generation (RBG) services in
accordance with NIST Special Publication 800-90 using CTR_DRBG
(AES) seeded by an entropy source that accumulated entropy from a
TSF-hardware-based noise source.
FCS_RBG_EXT.1.2(2) The deterministic RBG shall be seeded with a minimum of 256 bits of
entropy at least equal to the greatest bit length of the keys and
authorization factors that it will generate.
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1 Explicit: HTTPS
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.1 The TSF shall implement the HTTPS protocol that complies with RFC
2818.
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.2 The TSF shall implement HTTPS using TLS as specified in
FCS_TLS_EXT.1.
FCS_TLS_EXT.1
Explicit: TLS
FCS_TLS_EXT.1.1
The TSF shall implement one or more of the following protocols TLS 1.2
(RFC 5246) supporting the following ciphersuites.
Mandatory Ciphersuites:
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Optional Ciphersuites:
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TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_ SHA256
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_ SHA256
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_ SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1 Explicit: IPSEC
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.1
The TSF shall implement the IPsec protocol ESP as defined by RFC
4303 using the cryptographic algorithms AES-CBC-128, AES-CBC-256
(both specified by RFC 3602), AES-GCM-128, AES-GCM-256 as
specified in RFC 4106, and using IKEv1 as defined in RFCs 2407, 2408,
2409, RFC 4109, and RFC 4868 for hash functions; IKEv2 as defined in
RFCs 5996 (with mandatory support for NAT traversal as specified in
section 2.23), 4307, and RFC 4868 for hash functions.
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.2
The TSF shall ensure that IKEv1 Phase 1 exchanges use only main
mode.
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.3
The TSF shall ensure that IKEv1 SA lifetimes are able to be limited to 24
hours for Phase 1 SAs and 8 hours for Phase 2 SAs.
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.4
The TSF shall ensure that IKEv1 SA lifetimes are able to be limited to
200 MB of traffic for Phase 2 SAs.
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.5
The TSF shall ensure that all IKE protocols implement DH Groups 14
(2048-bit MODP), and 19 (256-bit Random ECP), 20 (384-bit Random
ECP), no other DH groups.
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.6
The TSF shall ensure that all IKE protocols implement Peer
Authentication using the rDSA or ECDSA algorithm.
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.7
The TSF shall support the use of pre-shared keys (as referenced in the
RFCs) for use in authenticating its IPsec connections.
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.8
The TSF shall support the following:
1. Pre-shared keys shall be able to be composed of any combination of
upper and lower case letters, numbers, and special characters: all
printable ASCII characters;
2. Pre-shared keys of 22 characters and between 6 and 64 characters.
FCS_SSH_EXT.1
Explicit: SSH
FCS_SSH_EXT.1.1
The TSF shall implement the SSH protocol that complies with RFCs
4251, 4252, 4253, and 4254.
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FCS_SSH_EXT.1.2
The TSF shall ensure that the SSH protocol implementation supports the
following authentication methods as described in RFC 4252: public keybased, password-based.
FCS_SSH_EXT.1.3
The TSF shall ensure that, as described in RFC 4253, packets greater
than 32,768 bytes in an SSH transport connection are dropped.
FCS_SSH_EXT.1.4
The TSF shall ensure that the SSH transport implementation uses the
following encryption algorithms: AES-CBC-128, AES-CBC-256, no other
algorithms.
FCS_SSH_EXT.1.5
The TSF shall ensure that the SSH transport implementation uses
SSH_RSA and no other public key algorithms as its public key
algorithm(s).
FCS_SSH_EXT.1.6
The TSF shall ensure that data integrity algorithms used in SSH
transport connection is hmac-sha1, hmac-sha1-96.
FCS_SSH_EXT.1.7
The TSF shall ensure that diffie-hellman-group14-sha1 is the only
allowed key exchange method used for the SSH protocol.
5.3.3
User Data Protection (FDP)
FDP_RIP.2
Full Residual Information Protection
FDP_RIP.2.1
The TSF shall ensure that any previous information content of a resource
is made unavailable upon the deallocation of the resource from all
objects.
5.3.4
Identification and Authentication (FIA)
FIA_PMG_EXT.1
Password Management
FIA_PMG_EXT.1.1
The TSF shall provide the following password management capabilities
for administrative passwords:
1. Passwords shall be able to be composed of any combination of upper
and lower case letters, numbers, and the following special characters: “!”,
“@”, “#”, “$”, “%”, “^”, “&”, “*”, “_”, “<”, “>”, “{“, “}”, “[“, “]”, “:”, “.”, “|”, “+”.
“~”, “,”, “ ` ”;
2. Minimum password length shall settable by the Security Administrator,
and support passwords of 15 characters or greater;
5.3.5
User Identification and Authentication (FIA_UIA)
FIA_UIA_EXT.1
User Identification and Authentication
FIA_UIA_EXT.1.1
The TSF shall allow the following actions prior to requiring the non-TOE
entity to initiate the identification and authentication process:

Display the warning banner in accordance with FTA_TAB.1;

no other actions
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FIA_UIA_EXT.1.2
The TSF shall require each administrative user to be successfully
identified and authenticated before allowing any other TSF-mediated
actions on behalf of that administrative user.
FIA_UAU_EXT.2
Extended: Password-based Authentication Mechanism
FIA_UAU_EXT.2.1
The TSF shall provide a local password-based authentication
mechanism, Radius username/password authentication and Public Key
authentication] to perform administrative user authentication.
FIA_UAU.7
Protected Authentication Feedback
FIA_UAU.7.1
The TSF shall provide only obscured feedback to the administrative user
while the authentication is in progress at the local console.
Application Note:
“Obscured feedback” implies the TSF does not produce a visible display
of any authentication data entered by a user (such as the echoing of a
password), although an obscured indication of progress may be provided
(such as an asterisk for each character). It also implies that the TSF
does not return any information during the authentication process to the
user that may provide any indication of the authentication data.
5.3.6
Security Management (FMT)
FMT_MTD.1
Management of TSF Data (for general TSF data)
FMT_MTD.1.1
The TSF shall restrict the ability to manage the TSF data to the Security
Administrators.
FMT_SMF.1
Specification of Management Functions
FMT_SMF.1.1
The TSF shall be capable of performing the following management
functions:

Ability to administer the TOE locally and remotely;

Ability to update the TOE, and to verify the updates using digital
signature capability prior to installing those updates;

Ability to configure the cryptographic functionality;
FMT_SMR.2
Restrictions on Security Roles
FMT_SMR.2.1
The TSF shall maintain the roles:

Authorized Administrator
FMT_SMR.2.2
The TSF shall be able to associate users with roles.
FMT_SMR.2.3
The TSF shall ensure that the conditions

Authorized Administrator role shall be able to administer the
TOE locally;
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
Authorized Administrator role shall be able to administer the
TOE remotely;
are satisfied.
5.3.7
Protection of the TSF (FPT)
FPT_SKP_EXT.1
Extended: Protection of TSF Data (for reading of all
symmetric keys)
FPT_SKP_EXT.1.1
The TSF shall prevent reading of all pre-shared keys, symmetric keys,
and private keys.
Application Note:
The intent of the requirement is that an administrator is unable to read or
view the identified keys (stored or ephemeral) through “normal”
interfaces. While it is understood that the administrator could directly
read memory to view these keys, do so is not a trivial task and may
require substantial work on the part of an administrator. Since the
administrator is considered a trusted agent, it is assumed they would not
endeavor in such an activity.
FPT_APW_EXT.1
Extended: Protection of Administrator Passwords
FPT_APW_EXT.1.1
The TSF shall store passwords in non-plaintext form.
FPT_APW_EXT.1.2
The TSF shall prevent the reading of plaintext passwords.
Application Note:
The intent of the requirement is that raw password authentication data
are not stored in the clear, and that no user or administrator is able to
read the plaintext password through “normal” interfaces. An all-powerful
administrator of course could directly read memory to capture a
password but is trusted not to do so.
FPT_STM.1
Reliable Time Stamps
FPT_STM.1.1
The TSF shall be able to provide reliable time stamps for its own use.
FPT_TUD_EXT.1
Extended: Trusted Update
FPT_TUD_EXT.1.1
The TSF shall provide security administrators the ability to query the
current version of the TOE firmware/software.
FPT_TUD_EXT.1.2
The TSF shall provide security administrators the ability to initiate
updates to TOE firmware/software.
FPT_TUD_EXT.1.3
The TSF shall provide a means to verify firmware/software updates to
the TOE using a digital signature mechanism prior to installing those
updates.
FPT_TST_EXT.1
TSF Testing
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5.3.8
Security Target
The TSF shall run a suite of self-tests during initial start-up (on power on)
to demonstrate the correct operation of the TSF.
TOE Access (FTA)
FTA_SSL_EXT.1
TSF-initiated Session Locking
FTA_SSL_EXT.1.1
The TSF shall, for local interactive sessions:

terminate the session
after a Security Administrator-specified time period of inactivity.
FTA_SSL.3
TSF-initiated Termination
FTA_SSL.3.1
Refinement: The TSF shall terminate a remote interactive session after
a Security Administrator-configurable time interval of session inactivity.
FTA_SSL.4
User-initiated Termination
FTA_SSL.4.1
The TSF shall allow Administrator-initiated termination of the
Administrator’s own interactive session.
FTA_TAB.1
Default TOE Access Banners
FTA_TAB.1.1
Refinement: Before establishing an administrative user session the
TSF shall display a Security Administrator-specified advisory notice
and consent warning message regarding use of the TOE.
5.3.9
Trusted Path/Channels (FTP)
FTP_ITC.1
Inter-TSF trusted channel
FTP_ITC.1.1
Refinement: The TSF shall use IPsec to provide a trusted
communication channel between itself and authorized IT entities
supporting the following capabilities: audit server, authentication
server that is logically distinct from other communication channels and
provides assured identification of its end points and protection of the
channel data from disclosure and detection of modification of the channel
data.
FTP_ITC.1.2
The TSF shall permit the TSF, or the authorized IT entities to initiate
communication via the trusted channel.
FTP_ ITC.1.3
The TSF shall initiate communication via the trusted channel for Syslog
messages and RADIUS authentication.
FTP_TRP.1 Trusted Path
FTP_TRP.1.1
Refinement: The TSF shall use SSH, TLS/HTTPS to provide a trusted
communication path between itself and remote administrators that is
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logically distinct from other communication paths and provides assured
identification of its end points and protection of the communicated data
from disclosure and detection of modification of the communicated data.
FTP_TRP.1.2
Refinement: The TSF shall permit remote administrators to initiate
communication via the trusted path.
FTP_TRP.1.3
The TSF shall require the use of the trusted path for initial administrator
authentication and all remote administration actions.
5.4
Assurance Requirements
36
The TOE security assurance requirements, summarized in Table 12, are drawn from
the NDPP commensurate with EAL1. In accordance with the NDPP, these are
supplemented with additional assurance activities as identified at Annex A: NDPP
Assurance Activities.
Table 12: Assurance Requirements
Assurance Class
Components
Description
Development
ADV_FSP.1
Basic Functional Specification
Guidance Documents
AGD_OPE.1
Operational User Guidance
AGD_PRE.1
Preparative User Guidance
Tests
ATE_IND.1
Independent Testing - conformance
Vulnerability Assessment
AVA_VAN.1
Vulnerability Analysis
Life Cycle Support
ALC_CMC.1
Labelling of the TOE
ALC_CMS.1
TOE CM Coverage
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6
TOE Summary Specification
6.1
Security Functions
6.1.1
Protected Communications
Related SFRs: FCS_CKM.1(1), FCS_CKM.1(2), FCS_CKM.1(3), FCS_CKM_EXT.4,
FCS_COP.1(1), FCS_COP.1(2), FCS_COP.1(3), FCS_COP.1(4),
FCS_RBG_EXT.1(1), FCS_RBG_EXT.1(2), FPT_SKP_EXT.1, FTP_ITC.1,
FTP_TRP.1, FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1, FCS_SSH_EXT.1, FCS_TLS_EXT.1,
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1
37
The TOE protects the following communication flows:
a)
WebUI. Remote administration via the WebUI is protected using TLS/HTTPS.

b)
CLI. Remote administration via the Command Line Interface (CLI) is protected
using SSHv2.

c)
SSHv2 is enabled by default
Syslog. Syslog messages are protected using IPSec.

d)
TLS/HTTPS is enabled by default.
To set up site-to-site IPsec refer to [USER] page 288 “Working with
Site-to-Site VPNs”. Configure the IP address of the syslog server as
the destination network.
RADIUS. RADIUS authentication messages are protected using IPSec.

Same configuration as syslog – set up site-to-site IPsec, and
configure the IP address of the RADIUS server as the destination
network.
38
Note: The TOE must be operated in a FIPS 140-2 approved mode of operation to
ensure that only approved cryptographic operations and algorithms are supported.
To enable FIPS mode, use the command “fips enable” from CLI config mode, as
documented in the FIPS 140-2 Security Policy. Operation in non-FIPS mode is not
part of this evaluation.
39
Note: RBG services are not configurable.
40
Note: By default, the TOE enables the FTP service for the purpose of providing
software images to wireless access points. This service should be disabled when
operating in an approved mode of operation. To disable the FTP service, use the
CLI command “firewall disable-ftp-server”.
6.1.1.1
TLS\HTTPS
Related SFRs: FCS_CKM.1(1), FCS_CKM_EXT.4, FCS_COP.1(1), FCS_COP.1(2),
FCS_COP.1(3), FCS_COP.1(4), FCS_RBG_EXT.1(1), FPT_SKP_EXT.1,
FTP_TRP.1, FCS_TLS_EXT.1, FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1
41
The TOE implements a web server that provides the WebUI, The web server is
configured by default to use HTTPS. The TOE’s implementation of HTTPS uses TLS
1.2 (RFC 5246) without extensions, supporting the ciphersuites identified in
FCS_TLS_EXT.1. The available ciphersuites are not configurable. If the web server
has been configured to use an RSA certificate, the TOE will use RSA-based TLS
ciphersuites. If the web server has been configured to use an ECDSA certificate, the
TOE will use ECDSA-based TLS ciphersuites.
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42
The TOE may be configured to support username/password authentication, client
certificate authentication or both.
43
Refer to [USER] Chapter 35 – Management Access. “Configuring Certificate
Authentication for WebUI Access” for more information.
6.1.1.2
IPSec
Related SFRs: FCS_CKM.1(2), FCS_CKM_EXT.4, FCS_COP.1(1), FCS_COP.1(2),
FCS_COP.1(3), FCS_COP.1(4), FCS_COP.1(5), FCS_RBG_EXT.1(2),
FPT_SKP_EXT.1, FTP_ITC.1, FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1
44
IPsec is documented in [USER] Chapter 18 “Virtual Private Networks”
45
IPSec can be configured to secure communication with a Syslog server or Radius
server.
46
The TOE’s IPSec implementation has the following characteristics:
a)
The algorithms specified at FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.1 are supported. In addition,
AES-CBC-192 and 3DES are also supported by the TOE. These algorithms
have not been evaluated during the Common Criteria evaluation and must not
be used.
b)
IKEv1 and IKEv2 are supported.
c)
Only tunnel mode is supported. IPsec transport mode is not supported.
d)
The “confidentiality only" ESP mode is disabled in the TOE. This behaviour
has been hard-coded by excluding the related configuration option from the
administrative interfaces (WebUI and CLI).
e)
Aggressive mode is not used for IKEv1 Phase 1 exchanges - only main mode
is available.

f)
Aggressive mode must be disabled in order to ensure it is not used.
This is documented in [CLI] and is performed using the command
“crypto-local isakmp disable-aggressive-mode”.
Lifetimes for IKEv1 SAs (both Phase 1 and Phase 2) are established during
configuration of the IKE policies by specifying the number of seconds or the
number of kb for the SA lifetime.

Setting the lifetime in number of seconds is documented in [USER}
Chapter 18. Volume (traffic) based lifetimes are configured using
“crypto dynamic-map set security-association lifetime kilobytes” as
documented in [CLI].
g)
The TOE supports the DH groups listed at FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.5. One DH
group is configured per IKE policy. IKE policies are incorporated into IPSec
maps. IPsec maps are given a priority for peer negotiation. Negotiation
requests for security associations will try to match the highest-priority map
first. If that map does not match, the negotiation request will continue down
the list to the next-highest priority map until a match is made.
h)
All IKE protocols implement DH Groups 14 (2048-bit MODP), 19 (256-bit
Random ECP), and 20 (384-bit Random ECP. DH group 2 (1024-bit MODP)
is also supported by the TOE – it was not evaluated during the Common
Criteria evaluation and must not be used.
i)
IKE peer authentication is performed with either an IKE pre-shared key or
digital certificates. IKE policies may be configured to use RSA (rDSA) or
ECDSA authentication when using digital certificates. FCS_COP.1(2)
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requires RSA key sizes of 2048 bits or greater. The TOE supports an RSA
key size of 1024 bits in addition to 2048 bits. The administrator must not load
an RSA X.509 certificate with a key size smaller than 2048 bits when
operating in the Common Criteria evaluated configuration.
6.1.1.3
j)
Pre-shared keys are manually entered during IKE policy configuration. The
pre-shared key is used in combination with an agreed DH secret key and an
exchanged nonce to generate session keys (SKEYs) which are used to
authenticate the two peers to each other as well as to encrypt subsequent IKE
exchanges.
k)
Pre-shared keys conform to the character and length requirements at
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.8.
l)
Only HMAC-SHA-1/256/384 are supported, with key and digest sizes of 160,
256, and 384 bits respectively. The TOE prevents configuration of MD5 while
operating in FIPS mode.
m)
Random number generator services for IPsec are provided automatically by
the TOE and do not require administrator configuration.
SSH
Related SFRs: FCS_CKM.1(3), FCS_CKM_EXT.4, FCS_COP.1(1), FCS_COP.1(3),
FCS_COP.1(4), FCS_RBG_EXT.1(1), FPT_SKP_EXT.1, FTP_TRP.1,
FCS_SSH_EXT.1
47
The CLI can be accessed from an SSHv2 enabled client. The TOE’s SSH
implementation has the following characteristics:
a)
SSHv2 is supported
b)
Public key and password authentication is supported

6.1.2
[USER] Chapter 35, “Enabling Public Key Authentication for SSH
Access” provides more information.
c)
The following algorithms are implemented: SSH_RSA for public keys, AESCBC-128 and AES-CBC-256 for encryption, HMAC-SHA1 and HMAC-SHA196 for integrity. Note: The encryption and integrity algorithms used are not
configurable by the administrator.
d)
Packets greater than 32,768 bytes in an SSH transport connection are
dropped.
e)
All key exchanges for SSH are performed using DH group 14. This behavior is
hard-coded into the TOE.
f)
No optional protocol characteristics are implemented.
Verifiable Updates
Related SFRs: FPT_TUD_EXT.1, FCS_COP.1(2), FCS_COP.1(3)
48
Administrators can update the TOE executable code using image files manually
downloaded from the Aruba support portal. The administrator may perform an
update from either the WebUI or CLI.

Upgrade instructions are documented in the release notes for each
software release, which will be posted in the same directory as the
image file on the support portal.
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49
A SHA-256 hash of each update image is digitally signed using Aruba’s code signing
certificate (RSA 2048 bit). When an update is initiated, the TOE verifies the digital
signature with a stored certificate (stored in Boot ROM).
50
Upon successful verification, the TOE boots using the new image. Should
verification fail, the TOE will enter into an error state. The TOE’s error state will allow
direct console access only, where an administrator can change to a new file partition
or TFTP a new image and re-boot.
6.1.3
System Monitoring
Related SFRs: FAU_GEN.1, FAU_GEN.2, FAU_STG_EXT.1, FPT_STM.1
51
The TOE maintains an audit log of administrative and security relevant events. Logs
can optionally be delivered to a Syslog server. The administrator can configure the
TOE to protect Syslog messages using IPSec as described in section 6.1.1.2.
Further detail regarding Syslog and audit messages is provided in the guidance
document: ArubaOS 6.3 Syslog Messages, Ref 0510838-01.

[USER] Chapter 35, Management Access->Configuring Logging
provides more details on configuring to use Syslog. Select all
Categories and all Subcategories. Set the logging level to “Warning”
for all Categories and Subcategories to generate all of the security
event logs as defined in FAU_GEN.1 Table 15.

If Syslog has been enabled, all audit logs are simultaneously written
to both the local audit log and the syslog server.
52
Note: The command “show audit-trail” as documented in [CLI] is used to show a log
of all administrative actions. By default, only commands which change system
behaviour are logged. By setting the configuration parameter “audit-trail all”, all
commands will be logged including commands which do not alter system behaviour.
53
The TOE uses an internal system clock to provide reliable timestamps for audit logs.
The system clock can be set manually or by configuring the TOE to use a Network
Time Protocol (NTP) server to synchronize its system clock with a central time
source. If connectivity to the NTP server is lost, the TOE continues to maintain time
using the internal system clock and re-synchronizes with the NTP server once
connectivity is re-established.

[USER] Chapter 35, Management Access->Setting the System Clock
provides instructions on setting the system clock.
54
In the event that a TOE network interface is overwhelmed by traffic the TOE will drop
packets. An administrator can examine interface counters (using the ‘show interface’
command) to determine if the TOE has dropped packets due to being overwhelmed
by traffic.
55
The TOE’s local audit log consists of three files (for each audit category) that are
31,768 bytes each. The log files are filled consecutively. Once the last file is full, the
TOE will begin overwriting the first log file. The log files may only be access by an
Authorized Administrator – described in the following section.
6.1.4
Secure Administration
Related SFRs: FIA_UIA_EXT.1, FIA_UIA_EXT.2, FIA_PMG_EXT.1, FIA_UAU.7, FMT_MTD.1,
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_SMR.2, FPT_APW_EXT.1, FTA_SSL_EXT.1, FTA_SSL.3,
FTA_SSL.4, FTA_TAB.1, FPT_STM.1
56
Initial configuration of the TOE is performed using a question-and-answer dialog
presented through the console port after the TOE is powered on for the first time, or
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when the configuration of the TOE has been erased using the “write erase”
command. While in this default state, no TOE services are available and the TOE
does not forward traffic through network interfaces. During the initial configuration
dialog, an administrative username and password is established. Once initial
configuration has been completed, the TOE reboots into a secure state.
57
The TOE provides two interfaces for administration: WebUI and CLI. The WebUI is
accessed via TLS/HTTPS. The CLI is accessed via SSH or direct console. For both
TLS/HTTPS and SSH the TOE can be configured to use username/password only,
public key authentication only or both username/password and public key
authentication. Direct console to the CLI only supports username/password.

58
[USER] Chapter 35 “Management Access” has documentation for
setting these options.
The TOE can be configured to use a Radius server for username/password
authentication. The same user repository (either local or Radius) is used from both
WebUI and CLI access. Passwords stored locally are encrypted using the TOE’s
KEK and cannot be viewed via any normal interface. Password complexity rules are
enforced by the TOE (see FIA_PMG_EXT.1), and passwords are obscured during
entry.

[USER] Chapter 35 – “Enabling RADIUS Server Authentication” and
“Implementing a Specific Password Management Policy” provide
more instruction on how to configure passwords.

[USER] Ch. 35 - Implementing a Specific Management Password
Policy describes setting minimum password length.
59
A successful logon takes place when a recognized username/password combination
is provided and/or a recognized X.509 client certificate is presented by the
administrator’s web browser or SSH client.
60
No administrative functions are accessible prior to administrator log-in. Before
establishing an administrative user session the TOE displays an administrator
specified advisory notice and consent warning message regarding use of the TOE.

Banner configuration is documented in the [CLI] under “banner motd”
61
The TOE associates users with their assigned role upon successful authentication.
The “Authorized Administrator” role defined by the NDPP equates to the “root” role
implemented by the TOE.
62
For both the WebUI and CLI, administrative sessions will terminate according to an
administrator defined period of inactivity. The system clock as described in
paragraph 52 is used to time the period of inactivity. Administrators can terminate
their own session by logging out.

[USER] Chapter 35, “Setting an Administrator Session Timeout”
provides instructions on setting session timeouts.
The system clock time is also used for timestamps in audit log records. [USER}
Chapter 35 - Setting the System Clock describes how the system clock can be
changed.
6.1.5
Residual Information Clearing
Related SFRs: FDP_RIP.2
63
The TOE ensures that network packets sent from the TOE do not include data "left
over" from the processing of previous network information.
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64
The memory buffers used in packet processing are sanitized subsequent to each
packet being processed. Buffers are made logically unavailable by overwriting the
buffer headers with zeroes.
6.1.6
Self Test
Related SFRs: FPT_TST_EXT.1
65
66
The TOE performs both power-up and conditional self-tests to verify correct and
secure operation. In the event that any self-test fails, the TOE will enter an error
state, log the error, and reboot automatically. Failure of self-tests requires return to
manufacturer. Relevant log messages are identified in the following supplements:
a)
Aruba 3000, 6000/M3 and Dell W-3000, W-6000M3 Controllers with ArubaOS
FIPS Firmware Non-Proprietary Security Policy FIPS 140-2 Level 2 Release
Supplement. Ref 0510541-16.
b)
Aruba 620, 650 and Dell W- 620, W-650 Controllers with ArubaOS FIPS
Firmware Non-Proprietary Security Policy FIPS 140-2 Level 2 Release
Supplement. Ref 0510888-02.
The following test are performed:
a)
b)
c)
ArubaOS OpenSSL Module:
i)
AES Known Answer Tests (KAT)
ii)
Triple-DES KAT
iii)
RNG KAT
iv)
RSA KAT
v)
ECDSA (sign/verify)
vi)
SHA (SHA1, SHA256 and SHA384) KAT
vii)
HMAC (HMAC-SHA1, HMAC-SHA256 and HMAC-SHA384) KAT
ArubaOS Cryptographic Module
i)
AES KAT
ii)
Triple-DES KAT
iii)
SHA (SHA1, SHA256, SHA384 and SHA512) KAT
iv)
HMAC (HMAC-SHA1, HMAC-SHA256, HMAC-SHA384 and HMACSHA512) KAT
v)
RSA (sign/verify)
vi)
ECDSA (sign/verify)
vii)
FIPS 186-2 RNG KAT
ArubaOS Uboot BootLoader Module
i)
d)
Firmware Integrity Test: RSA 2048-bit Signature Validation
Aruba Hardware Known Answer Tests:
i)
AES KAT
ii)
AES-CCM KAT
iii)
AES-GCM KAT
iv)
Triple DES KAT
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v)
67
HMAC (HMAC-SHA1, HMAC-SHA256, HMAC-SHA384 and HMACSHA512) KAT
The following Conditional Self-tests are performed by the TOE:
a)
Continuous Random Number Generator Test. This test is run upon
generation of random data by the switch’s random number generators to
detect failure to a constant value. The module stores the first random number
for subsequent comparison, and the module compares the value of the new
random number with the random number generated in the previous round and
enters an error state if the comparison is successful.
b)
Bypass test. Ensures that the system has not been placed into a mode of
operation where cryptographic operations have been bypassed, without the
explicit configuration of the cryptographic officer. To conduct the test, a SHA1
hash of the configuration file is calculated and compared to the last known
good hash of the configuration file. If the hashes match, the test is passed.
Otherwise, the test fails (indicating possible tampering with the configuration
file) and the system is halted.
c)
RSA Pairwise Consistency test. When the TOE generates a public and
private key pair, it carries out pair-wise consistency tests for both encryption
and digital signing. The test involves encrypting a randomly-generated
message with the public key. If the output is equal to the input message, the
test fails. The encrypted message is then decrypted using the private key and
if the output is not equal to the original message, the test fails. The same
random message is then signed using the private key and then verified with
the public key. If the verification fails, the test fails.
d)
ECDSA Pairwise Consistency test. See above RSA pairwise consistency
test description.
e)
Firmware Load Test. This test is identical to the Uboot BootLoader Module
Firmware Integrity Test, except that it is performed at the time a new software
image is loaded onto the system. Instead of being performed by the
BootLoader, the test is performed by the ArubaOS operating system. If the
test fails, the newly loaded software image will not be copied into the image
partition, and instead will be deleted. Refer to section 6.1.2.
68
Known-answer tests (KAT) involve operating the cryptographic algorithm on data for
which the correct output is already known and comparing the calculated output with
the previously generated output (the known answer). If the calculated output does
not equal the known answer, the known-answer test shall fail.
69
The above tests are sufficient to demonstrate that the TSF is operating correctly by
verifying the integrity of the TSF and the correct operation of cryptographic
components.
6.2
Cryptography
70
This section incorporates additional detail regarding cryptography required by the
NDPP.
71
The TOE uses cryptographic functions provided by FIPS 140-2 validated modules:

CMVP Certificate #1727

CMVP Certificate #1865

FIPS Algorithm certificates issued: AES #2689, #2680, #2677.
Triple-DES #1607, #1605. RSA #1380, #1379, #1376. ECSDA
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#469, #466. SHS #2250, #2249, #2246. RNG #1250. DRBG #433.
HMAC #1666, #1663. KBKDF #16. Component Validation #251,
#232, #152, #150. The CAVP list for each algorithm can be found at
http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/STM/cavp/validation.html.
6.2.1
Standards Conformance – Key Generation / Establishment
6.2.1.1
RSA
72
The TOE utilizes RSA for key establishment within HTTPS/TLS and IPSec. The
TOE’s implementation of RSA conforms to NIST Special Publication 800-56B,
“Recommendation for Pair-Wise Key Establishment Schemes Using Integer
Factorization Cryptography”.
73
Sections 5 through 9 of NIST Special Publication 800-56B are applicable to the TOE.
The TOE conforms to all shall, shall-not, should and should-not statements. There
are no TOE-specific implementation extensions.
6.2.1.2
Diffie-Hellman
74
The TOE utilizes Diffie-Hellman within IPSec and SSH. The TOE’s implementation of
Diffie-Hellman conforms to NIST Special Publication 800-56A, “Recommendation for
Pair-Wise Key Establishment Schemes Using Discrete Logarithm Cryptography”.
75
Diffie-Hellman relevant subsections of sections 5 through 8 of NIST Special
Publication 800-56A are applicable to the TOE. The TOE conforms to all shall, shallnot, should and should-not statements. There are no TOE-specific implementation
extensions.
6.2.1.3
ECDSA
76
The TOE utilizes ECDSA within IPSec. The TOE’s implementation of ECDSA
conforms to NIST Special Publication 800-56A, “Recommendation for Pair-Wise Key
Establishment Schemes Using Discrete Logarithm Cryptography”.
77
Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) relevant subsections of sections 5 through 8 of
NIST Special Publication 800-56A are applicable to the TOE. The TOE conforms to
all shall, shall-not, should and should-not statements. There are no TOE-specific
implementation extensions.
6.2.2
Critical Security Parameters
78
Table 13 below identifies all secret and private keys and Critical Security Parameters
(CSPs), the related zeroization procedures and whether any interface is available to
view the plaintext key.
79
Note that the plaintext keys identified in Table 13 are not able to be viewed via a
‘normal user interface’, that is, no user interface is provided by design and therefore
the keys are protected. Per the NDPP FPT_SKP_EXT.1 application note, it is
understood that the administrator could directly read memory to view these keys,
[however to] do so is not a trivial task and may require substantial work on the part of
an administrator. Since the administrator is considered a trusted agent, it is assumed
they would not endeavor in such an activity. Shared secrets entered by a user are
only viewable during entry.
80
Table 13: CSPs
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Storage and
Zeroization
# Name
CSPs type
Generation
Use
1
Key Encryption Key
(KEK)
Triple-DES 168-bit key
Hardcoded during
manufacturing
Stored in Flash.
Zeroized by using
command ‘wipe out
flash’
Encrypts IKEv1/IKEv2
Pre-shared key,
RADIUS server
shared secret, RSA
private key, ECDSA
private key, 802.11i
pre-shared key and
Passwords.
2
DRBG entropy input
SP800-90a DRBG (512
bits)
Derived using NONFIPS approved HW
RNG
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized on reboot.
DRBG initialization
3
DRBG seed
SP800-90a DRBG (384
bits)
Generated per SP80090A using a derivation
function
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized on reboot.
DRBG initialization
4
DRBG Key
SP800-90a (256 bits)
Generated per SP80090A
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized on reboot.
DRBG
5
DRBG V
SP800-90a (128 bits)
Generated per SP80090A
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized on reboot.
DRBG
6
RNG seed
FIPS 186-2 RNG Seed
(512 bits)
Derived using NONFIPS approved HW
RNG
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized on reboot.
Seed 186-2 General
purpose (x-change
Notice); SHA-1 RNG
7
RNG seed key
FIPS 186-2 RNG Seed
key (512 bits)
Derived using NONFIPS approved HW
RNG
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized on reboot.
Seed 186-2 General
purpose (x-change
Notice); SHA-1 RNG
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8
Diffie-Hellman private
key
Diffie-Hellman private
key (224 bits)
Generated internally
during Diffie-Hellman
Exchange
Stored in the volatile
memory. Zeroized
after the session is
closed.
Used in establishing
the session key for an
IPSec session
9
Diffie-Hellman public
key
Diffie-Hellman public
key (2048 bits)
Note: Key size of DH
Group 1 (768 bits) and
DH Group 2 (1024 bits)
are not allowed in FIPS
mode.
Generated internally
during Diffie-Hellman
Exchange
Stored in the volatile
memory. Zeroized
after the session is
closed.
Used in establishing
the session key for an
IPSec session
10
Diffie-Hellman shared
secret
Diffie-Hellman shared
secret (2048 bits)
Established during
Diffie-Hellman
Exchange
Stored in plain text in
volatile memory,
Zeroized when
session is closed.
Key agreement in
SSHv2
11
EC Diffie-Hellman
private key
Elliptic Curve DiffieHellman (P-256 and P384).
Generated internally
during EC DiffieHellman Exchange
Stored in the volatile
memory. Zeroized
after the session is
closed.
Used in establishing
the session key for an
IPSec session
12
EC Diffie-Hellman
public key
Elliptic Curve DiffieHellman (P-256 and P384).
Generated internally
during EC DiffieHellman Exchange
Stored in the volatile
memory. Zeroized
after the session is
closed.
Used in establishing
the session key for an
IPSec session
13
EC Diffie-Hellman
shared secret
Elliptic Curve DiffieHellman ( P-256 and P384)
Established during EC
Diffie-Hellman
Exchange
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when
session is closed.
Key agreement in
IKEv1/IKEv2
14
RADIUS server
shared secret
8-128 character shared
secret
CO configured
Stored encrypted in
Flash with the KEK.
Zeroized by changing
(updating) the preshared key through
the User interface.
Module and RADIUS
server authentication
15
Enable secret
8-64 character
password
CO configured
Store in ciphertext in
flash. Zeroized by
changing (updating)
through the user
interface.
Administrator
authentication
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16
User Passwords
8-64 character
password
CO configured
Stored encrypted in
Flash with KEK.
Zeroized by either
deleting the password
configuration file or by
overwriting the
password with a new
one.
Authentication for
accessing the
management
interfaces, RADIUS
authentication
17
IKEv1/IKEv2 Preshared key
64 character preshared key
CO configured
Stored encrypted in
Flash with the KEK.
Zeroized by changing
(updating) the preshared key through
the User interface.
User and module
authentication during
IKEv1, IKEv2
18
skeyid
HMAC-SHA-1/256/384
(160/256/384 bits)
Established during
IKEv1 negotiation
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when
session is closed.
Key agreement in
IKEv1
19
skeyid_d
HMAC-SHA-1/256/384
(160/256/384 bits)
Established during
IKEv1 negotiation
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when
session is closed.
Key agreement in
IKEv1
20
IKEv1/IKEv2 session
authentication key
HMAC-SHA-1/256/384
(160 / 256 / 384 bits)
Established as a result
of IKEv1/IKEv2 service
implementation.
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when
session is closed.
IKEv1/IKEv2 payload
integrity verification
21
IKEv1/IKEv2 session
encryption key
Triple-DES (168
bits/AES (128/196/256
bits)
Established as a result
of IKEv1/IKEv2 service
implementation.
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when
session is closed.
IKEv1/IKEv2 payload
encryption
22
IPSec session
encryption keys
Triple-DES (168 bits /
AES (128/196/256 bits)
Established during the
IPSec service
implementation
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when the
session is closed.
Secure IPSec traffic
23
IPSec session
authentication keys
HMAC-SHA-1 (160
bits)
Established during the
IPSec service
implementation
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when the
session is closed.
User authentication
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24
SSHv2 session keys
AES (128/196/256 bits)
Established during the
SSHv2 key exchange
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when the
session is closed.
Secure SSHv2 traffic
25
SSHv2 session
authentication key
HMAC-SHA-1 (160-bit)
Established during the
SSHv2 key exchange
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when the
session is closed.
Secure SSHv2 traffic
26
TLS pre-master secret
48 byte secret
Externally generated
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when the
session is closed.
TLS key agreement
27
TLS session
encryption key
AES 128/192/256 bits
Generated in the
module during the TLS
service implementation
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when the
session is closed.
TLS session
encryption
28
TLS session
authentication key
HMAC-SHA-1/256/384
(160/256/384 bits)
Generated in the
module during the TLS
service implementation
Stored in plaintext in
volatile memory.
Zeroized when the
session is closed.
TLS session
authentication
29
RSA Private Key
RSA 2048 bit private
key
Generated in the
module
Stored in flash
memory encrypted
with KEK. Zeroized by
the CO command
write erase all.
Used by TLS and
EAP-TLS/PEAP
protocols during the
handshake, used for
signing OCSP
responses, and used
by IKEv1/IKEv2 for
device authentication
and for signing
certificates
30
RSA public key
RSA 2048 bit public
key
Generated in the
module
Stored in flash
memory encrypted
with KEK. Zeroized by
the CO command
write erase all.
Used by TLS and
EAP-TLS/PEAP
protocols during the
handshake, used for
signing OCSP
responses, and used
by IKEv1/IKEv2 for
device authentication
and for signing
certificates
31
ECDSA Private Key
ECDSA suite B P-256
and P-384 curves
Generated in the
module
Stored in flash
memory encrypted
with KEK. Zeroized by
the CO command
write erase all.
Used by TLS and
EAP-TLS/PEAP
protocols during the
handshake.
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ECDSA Public Key
Security Target
ECDSA suite B P-256
and P-384 curves
6.2.3
Roles and Services
6.2.3.1
Crypto Officer Role
Generated in the
module
Stored in flash
memory encrypted
with KEK. Zeroized by
the CO command
write erase all.
Used by TLS and
EAP-TLS/PEAP
protocols during the
handshake.
The Crypto Officer role has the ability to configure, manage, and monitor all processes and
functions within the TOE. Two management interfaces can be used for this purpose:

SSHv2 CLI
The Crypto Officer can use the CLI to perform non-security-sensitive and security-sensitive
monitoring and configuration. The CLI can be accessed remotely by using the SSHv2
secured management session over the Ethernet ports or locally over the serial port. In FIPS
mode, the serial port is disabled.

Web Interface
The Crypto Officer can use the Web Interface as an alternative to the CLI. The Web Interface
provides a highly intuitive, graphical interface for a comprehensive set of controller
management tools. The Web Interface can be accessed from a TLS-enabled Web browser
using HTTPS (HTTP with Secure Socket Layer) on logical port 4343.
See the table below for descriptions of the services available to the Crypto Officer role. Numbers
in the “CSP Access” column refers to the Critical Security Parameters table above.
Table 14 - Crypto-Officer Services
Service
Description
Input
Output
CSP Access
SSH v2.0
Provide authenticated and
encrypted remote management
sessions while using the CLI
SSHv2 key agreement
parameters, SSH
inputs, and data
SSHv2 outputs and
data
6, 16 (read)
8, 9, 24, 25
(read/write)
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Table 14 - Crypto-Officer Services
IKEv1/IKEv2IPSec
Provide authenticated and
encrypted remote management
sessions to access the CLI
functionality
IKEv1/IKEv2 inputs and IKEv1/IKEv2
data; IPSec inputs,
outputs, status, and
commands, and data
data; IPSec
outputs, status, and
data
29, 30, 31, 32 (read)
8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
(read/write)
17 (read)
18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
(read/write)
Configuring
Module Platform
Define the platform subsystem
firmware of the module by
entering Bootrom Monitor Mode,
File System, fault report,
message logging, and other
platform related commands
Commands and
configuration data
Status of
commands and
configuration data
None
Configuring
Hardware
Controllers
Define synchronization features
for module
Commands and
configuration data
Status of
commands and
configuration data
None
Configuring
Internet Protocol
Set IP functionality
Commands and
configuration data
Status of
commands and
configuration data
None
Configuring
Quality of Service
(QoS)
Configure QOS values for module Commands and
configuration data
Status of
commands and
configuration data
None
Configuring DHCP
Configure DHCP on module
Commands and
configuration data
Status of
commands and
configuration data
None
Configuring
Security
Define security features for
module, including Access List,
Authentication, Authorization and
Accounting (AAA).
Commands and
configuration data
Status of
commands and
configuration data
14, 15, 16
(read/write)
Manage
Certificates
Install, rename, and delete X.509
certificates
Commands and
configuration data;
Certificates and keys
Status of
certificates,
commands, and
configuration
29, 30, 31, 32
(read/write)
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Table 14 - Crypto-Officer Services
HTTPS over TLS
Secure browser connection over
Transport Layer Security acting
as a Crypto Officer service (web
management interface)
TLS inputs, commands, TLS outputs,
and data
status, and data
29, 30, 31, 32 (read)
26, 27, 28
(read/write)
Status Function
Cryptographic officer may use
CLI "show" commands or view
WebUI via TLS to view the
controller configuration, routing
tables, and active sessions; view
health, temperature, memory
status, voltage, and packet
statistics; review accounting logs,
and view physical interface status
Commands and
configuration data
None
IPSec tunnel
establishment for
RADIUS
protection
Provided authenticated/encrypted
channel to RADIUS server
IKEv1/IKEv2 inputs and IKEv1/IKEv2
data; IPSec inputs,
outputs, status, and
commands, and data
data; IPSec
outputs, status, and
data
29, 30, 31, 32 (read)
8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
(read/write)
17 (read)
18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
(read/write)
Self-Test
Perform FIPS start-up tests on
demand
None
Error messages
logged if a failure
occurs
None
Configuring
Bypass Operation
Configure bypass operation on
the module
Commands and
configuration data
Status of
commands and
configuration data
None
Updating
Firmware
Updating firmware on the module
Commands and
configuration data
Status of
commands and
configuration data
None
Configuring Online
Certificate Status
Protocol (OCSP)
Responder
Configuring OCSP responder
functionality
OCSP inputs,
commands, and data
OCSP outputs,
status, and data
29, 30, 31, 32 (read)
Configuring
Control Plane
Security (CPSec)
Configuring Control Plane
Security mode to protect
communication with APs using
IPSec and issue self signed
certificates to APs
Commands and
configuration data,
IKEv1/IKEv2 inputs and
data; IPSec inputs,
commands, and data
Status of
commands, IKEv1/
IKEv2 outputs,
status, and data;
IPSec outputs,
status, and data
and configuration
29, 30, 31, 32 (read)
8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
(read/write)
17 (read)
18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
(read/write)
Status of
commands and
configurations
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Table 14 - Crypto-Officer Services
data, self signed
certificates
Zeroization
Zeroizes all flash memory
Command
Progress
information
All CSPs will be
destroyed.
81
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7
Rationale
7.1
Conformance Claim Rationale
82
The following rationale is presented with regard to the PP conformance claims:
a)
TOE type. As identified in section 2.1, the TOE is a network device, consistent
with the TOE type identified by the NDPP.
b)
Security problem definition. As shown in section 3, the threats, OSPs and
assumptions are identical to those of the NDPP.
c)
Security objectives. As shown in section 4, the security objectives are
identical to those of the NDPP.
d)
Security requirements. As shown in section 5, the security requirements are
reproduced from the NDPP. No additional requirements have been specified.
In accordance with NDPP section 3.1, footnote 1, FPT_ITT.1 has been
excluded as the TOE is not distributed.
7.2
Security Objectives Rationale
83
All security objectives are drawn directly from the NDPP.
7.3
Security Requirements Rationale
84
All security requirements are drawn directly from the NDPP.
85
In accordance with NDPP section 3.1, footnote 1, FPT_ITT.1 has been excluded as
the TOE is not distributed.
7.4
TOE Summary Specification Rationale
86
Table 15 provides a coverage mapping showing that all SFRs are mapped to the
security functions described in the TSS.
Table 15: Map of SFRs to TSS Security Functions
FAU_GEN.2
X
FAU_STG_EXT.1
X
FCS_CKM.1(1)
Self Test
X
Residual
Information
Clearing
FAU_GEN.1
Secure
Administration
System
Monitoring
Verifiable
Updates
Protected
Communications
SFR
X
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X
X
FCS_CKM_EXT.4
X
FCS_COP.1(1)
X
FCS_COP.1(2)
X
FCS_COP.1(3)
X
FCS_COP.1(4)
X
FCS_RBG_EXT.1(1)
X
FCS_RBG_EXT.1(2)
X
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1
X
FCS_TLS_EXT.1
X
FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1
X
FCS_SSH_EXT.1
X
FDP_RIP.2
X
FIA_PMG_EXT.1
X
FIA_UIA_EXT.1
X
FIA_UAU_EXT.2
X
FIA_UAU.7
X
FMT_MTD.1
X
FMT_SMF.1
X
FMT_SMR.2
X
FPT_SKP_EXT.1
Self Test
FCS_CKM.1(3)
Residual
Information
Clearing
X
Secure
Administration
Verifiable
Updates
X
System
Monitoring
Protected
Communications
FCS_CKM.1(2)
SFR
X
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Self Test
Residual
Information
Clearing
FPT_APW_EXT.1
Secure
Administration
System
Monitoring
Verifiable
Updates
Protected
Communications
SFR
Security Target
X
FPT_STM.1
X
FPT_TUD_EXT.1
X
X
FPT_TST_EXT.1
X
FTA_SSL_EXT.1
X
FTA_SSL.3
X
FTA_SSL.4
X
FTA_TAB.1
X
FTP_ITC.1
X
FTP_TRP.1
X
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Annex A: NDPP Assurance Activities
87
The NDPP contains assurance activities that are to be performed in meeting the
requirements of the NDPP. As these are spread throughout the NDPP document,
the table below provides a consolidated reference.
#
NDPP
Source
Requirement
Assurance
Family
1.
FAU_GEN.
1
The evaluator shall check the administrative guide and ensure that it lists all of
the auditable events and provides a format for audit records. Each audit record
format type must be covered, along with a brief description of each field. The
evaluator shall check to make sure that every audit event type mandated by the
PP is described and that the description of the fields contains the information
required in FAU_GEN1.2, and the additional information specified in Table 1 of
the NDPP.
AGD_OPE
2.
FAU_GEN.
1
The evaluator shall also make a determination of the administrative actions that
are relevant in the context of this PP. The evaluator shall examine the
administrative guide and make a determination of which administrative
commands, including subcommands, scripts, and configuration files, are related
to the configuration (including enabling or disabling) of the mechanisms
implemented in the TOE that are necessary to enforce the requirements
specified in the PP. The evaluator shall document the methodology or approach
taken while determining which actions in the administrative guide are security
relevant with respect to this PP. The evaluator may perform this activity as part
of the activities associated with ensuring the AGD_OPE guidance satisfies the
requirements.
AGD_OPE
3.
FAU_GEN.
1
The evaluator shall test the TOE’s ability to correctly generate audit records by
having the TOE generate audit records for the events listed in table 1 and
administrative actions. This should include all instances of an event--for
instance, if there are several different I&A mechanisms for a system, the
FIA_UIA_EXT.1 events must be generated for each mechanism. The evaluator
shall test that audit records are generated for the establishment and termination
of a channel for each of the cryptographic protocols contained in the ST. If
HTTPS is implemented, the test demonstrating the establishment and
termination of a TLS session can be combined with the test for an HTTPS
session. For administrative actions, the evaluator shall test that each action
determined by the evaluator above to be security relevant in the context of this
PP is auditable. When verifying the test results, the evaluator shall ensure the
audit records generated during testing match the format specified in the
administrative guide, and that the fields in each audit record have the proper
entries.
ATE_IND
Note that the testing here can be accomplished in conjunction with the testing of
the security mechanisms directly. For example, testing performed to ensure that
the administrative guidance provided is correct verifies that AGD_OPE.1 is
satisfied and should address the invocation of the administrative actions that are
needed to verify the audit records are generated as expected.
4.
FAU_STG_
EXT.1
For both types of TOEs (those that act as an audit server and those that send
data to an external audit server), there is some amount of local storage. The
evaluator shall examine the TSS to ensure it describes the amount of audit data
that are stored locally; what happens when the local audit data store is full; and
ASE_TSS
AGD_OPE
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NDPP
Source
Security Target
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how these records are protected against unauthorized access. The evaluator
shall also examine the operational guidance to determine that it describes the
relationship between the local audit data and the audit data that are sent to the
audit log server (for TOEs that are not acting as an audit log server). For
example, when an audit event is generated, is it simultaneously sent to the
external server and the local store, or is the local store used as a buffer and
“cleared” periodically by sending the data to the audit server.
5.
FAU_STG_
EXT.1.1
TOE acts as audit server
ASE_TSS
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to ensure it describes the connection
supported from non-TOE entities to send the audit data to the TOE, and how the
trusted channel is provided. Testing of the trusted channel mechanism will be
performed as specified in the associated assurance activities for the particular
trusted channel mechanism. The evaluator shall also examine the operational
guidance to ensure it describes how to establish the trusted channel with the
TOE, as well as describe any requirements for other IT entities to connect and
send audit data to the TOE (particular audit server protocol, version of the
protocol required, etc.), as well as configuration of the TOE needed to
communicate with other IT entities. The evaluator shall perform the following
test for this requirement:
ATE_IND
AGD_OPE
Test 1: The evaluator shall establish a session between an external IT entity and
the TOE according to the configuration guidance provided. The evaluator shall
then examine the traffic that passes between the IT entity and the TOE during
several activities of the evaluator’s choice designed to generate audit data to be
transferred to the TOE. The evaluator shall observe that these data are not able
to be viewed in the clear during this transfer, and that they are successfully
received by the TOE. The evaluator shall perform this test for each protocol
selected in the second selection.
6.
FAU_STG_
EXT.1
TOE is not an audit server
ASE_TSS
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to ensure it describes the means by which
the audit data are transferred to the external audit server, and how the trusted
channel is provided. Testing of the trusted channel mechanism will be
performed as specified in the associated assurance activities for the particular
trusted channel mechanism. The evaluator shall also examine the operational
guidance to ensure it describes how to establish the trusted channel to the audit
server, as well as describe any requirements on the audit server (particular audit
server protocol, version of the protocol required, etc.), as well as configuration of
the TOE needed to communicate with the audit server. The evaluator shall
perform the following test for this requirement:
ATE_IND
AGD_OPE
Test 1: The evaluator shall establish a session between the TOE and the audit
server according to the configuration guidance provided. The evaluator shall
then examine the traffic that passes between the audit server and the TOE
during several activities of the evaluator’s choice designed to generate audit data
to be transferred to the audit server. The evaluator shall observe that these data
are not able to be viewed in the clear during this transfer, and that they are
successfully received by the audit server. The evaluator shall record the
particular software (name, version) used on the audit server during testing.
7.
FCS_CKM.
The evaluator shall use the key pair generation portions of "The FIPS 186-3
ATE_IND
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Security Target
NDPP
Source
Requirement
Assurance
Family
1
Digital Signature Algorithm Validation System (DSA2VS)", "The FIPS 186-3
Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm Validation System (ECDSA2VS)", and
"The RSA Validation System (RSA2VS)" as a guide in testing the requirement
above, depending on the selection performed by the ST author. This will require
that the evaluator have a trusted reference implementation of the algorithms that
can produce test vectors that are verifiable during the test.
ASE_TSS
In order to show that the TSF complies with 800-56A and/or 800-56B, depending
on the selections made, the evaluator shall ensure that the TSS contains the
following information:

The TSS shall list all sections of the appropriate 800-56 standard(s) to
which the TOE complies.

For each applicable section listed in the TSS, for all statements that are
not "shall" (that is, "shall not", "should", and "should not"), if the TOE
implements such options it shall be described in the TSS. If the included
functionality is indicated as "shall not" or "should not" in the standard,
the TSS shall provide a rationale for why this will not adversely affect the
security policy implemented by the TOE;

For each applicable section of 800-56A and 800-56B (as selected), any
omission of functionality related to "shall" or “should” statements shall be
described;
Any TOE-specific extensions, processing that is not included in the documents,
or alternative implementations allowed by the documents that may impact the
security requirements the TOE is to enforce shall be described
8.
FCS_CKM
_EXT.4
The evaluator shall check to ensure the TSS describes each of the secret keys
(keys used for symmetric encryption), private keys, and CSPs used to generate
key; when they are zeroized (for example, immediately after use, on system
shutdown, etc.); and the type of zeroization procedure that is performed
(overwrite with zeroes, overwrite three times with random pattern, etc.). If
different types of memory are used to store the materials to be protected, the
evaluator shall check to ensure that the TSS describes the zeroization procedure
in terms of the memory in which the data are stored (for example, "secret keys
stored on flash are zeroized by overwriting once with zeroes, while secret keys
stored on the internal hard drive are zeroized by overwriting three times with a
random pattern that is changed before each write").
ASE_TSS
9.
FCS_COP.
1(1)
The evaluator shall use tests appropriate to the modes selected in the above
requirement from "The Advanced Encryption Standard Algorithm Validation Suite
(AESAVS)", "The XTS-AES Validation System (XTSVS)", The CMAC Validation
System (CMACVS)", "The Counter with Cipher Block Chaining Message
Authentication Code (CCM) Validation System (CCMVS)", and "The
Galois/Counter Mode (GCM) and GMAC Validation System (GCMVS)" (these
documents are available from http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/STM/cavp/index.html)
as a guide in testing the requirement above. This will require that the evaluator
have a reference implementation of the algorithms known to be good that can
produce test vectors that are verifiable during the test.
ATE_IND
The evaluator shall use the signature generation and signature verification
portions of "The Digital Signature Algorithm Validation System” (DSAVS or
DSA2VS), "The Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm Validation System”
ATE_IND
10. FCS_COP.
1(2)
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(ECDSAVS or ECDSA2VS), and "The RSA Validation System” (RSAVS) as a
guide in testing the requirement above. The Validation System used shall comply
with the conformance standard identified in the ST (i.e., FIPS PUB 186-2 or FIPS
PUB 186-3). This will require that the evaluator have a reference implementation
of the algorithms known to be good that can produce test vectors that are
verifiable during the test.
11. FCS_COP.
1(3)
The evaluator shall use "The Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code
(HMAC) Validation System (HMACVS)" as a guide in testing the requirement
above. This will require that the evaluator have a reference implementation of
the algorithms known to be good that can produce test vectors that are verifiable
during the test.
ATE_IND
12. FCS_RBG
_EXT.1
Documentation shall be produced—and the evaluator shall perform the
activities—in accordance with NDPP Annex D, Entropy Documentation and
Assessment. The evaluator shall also perform the following tests, depending on
the standard to which the RBG conforms.
Entropy
Document
ATE_IND
Implementations Conforming to FIPS 140-2, Annex C
The reference for the tests contained in this section is The Random Number
Generator Validation System (RNGVS) [RNGVS]. The evaluator shall conduct
the following two tests. Note that the "expected values" are produced by a
reference implementation of the algorithm that is known to be correct. Proof of
correctness is left to each Scheme.
The evaluator shall perform a Variable Seed Test. The evaluator shall provide a
set of 128 (Seed, DT) pairs to the TSF RBG function, each 128 bits. The
evaluator shall also provide a key (of the length appropriate to the AES
algorithm) that is constant for all 128 (Seed, DT) pairs. The DT value is
incremented by 1 for each set. The seed values shall have no repeats within the
set. The evaluator ensures that the values returned by the TSF match the
expected values.
The evaluator shall perform a Monte Carlo Test. For this test, they supply an
initial Seed and DT value to the TSF RBG function; each of these is 128 bits.
The evaluator shall also provide a key (of the length appropriate to the AES
algorithm) that is constant throughout the test. The evaluator then invokes the
TSF RBG 10,000 times, with the DT value being incremented by 1 on each
iteration, and the new seed for the subsequent iteration produced as specified in
NIST-Recommended Random Number Generator Based on ANSI X9.31
Appendix A.2.4 Using the 3-Key Triple DES and AES Algorithms, Section 3. The
th
evaluator ensures that the 10,000 value produced matches the expected value.
13. FCS_RBG
_EXT.1
Implementations Conforming to NIST Special Publication 800-90
The evaluator shall perform 15 trials for the RBG implementation. If the RBG is
configurable, the evaluator shall perform 15 trials for each configuration. The
evaluator shall also confirm that the operational guidance contains appropriate
instructions for configuring the RBG functionality.
Entropy
Document
ATE_IND
If the RBG has prediction resistance enabled, each trial consists of (1) instantiate
drbg, (2) generate the first block of random bits (3) generate a second block of
random bits (4) uninstantiate. The evaluator verifies that the second block of
random bits is the expected value. The evaluator shall generate eight input
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NDPP
Source
Security Target
Requirement
Assurance
Family
values for each trial. The first is a count (0 – 14). The next three are entropy
input, nonce, and personalization string for the instantiate operation. The next
two are additional input and entropy input for the first call to generate. The final
two are additional input and entropy input for the second call to generate. These
values are randomly generated. “generate one block of random bits” means to
generate random bits with number of returned bits equal to the Output Block
Length (as defined in NIST SP 800-90).
If the RBG does not have prediction resistance, each trial consists of (1)
instantiate drbg, (2) generate the first block of random bits (3) reseed, (4)
generate a second block of random bits (5) uninstantiate. The evaluator verifies
that the second block of random bits is the expected value. The evaluator shall
generate eight input values for each trial. The first is a count (0 – 14). The next
three are entropy input, nonce, and personalization string for the instantiate
operation. The fifth value is additional input to the first call to generate. The sixth
and seventh are additional input and entropy input to the call to reseed. The final
value is additional input to the second generate call.
The following paragraphs contain more information on some of the input values
to be generated/selected by the evaluator.
Entropy input: the length of the entropy input value must equal the seed length.
Nonce: If a nonce is supported (CTR_DRBG with no df does not use a nonce),
the nonce bit length is one-half the seed length.
Personalization string: The length of the personalization string must be <=
seed length. If the implementation only supports one personalization string
length, then the same length can be used for both values. If more than one
string length is support, the evaluator shall use personalization strings of two
different lengths. If the implementation does not use a personalization string, no
value needs to be supplied.
Additional input: the additional input bit lengths have the same defaults and
restrictions as the personalization string lengths.
14. FCS_HTTP
S_EXT.1
The evaluator shall check the TSS to ensure that it is clear on how HTTPS uses
TLS to establish an administrative session, focusing on any client authentication
required by the TLS protocol vs. Security administrator authentication which may
be done at a different level of the processing stack. Testing for this activity is
done as part of the TLS testing; this may result in additional testing if the TLS
tests are done at the TLS protocol level.
ASE_TSS
15. FCS_TLS_
EXT.1
The evaluator shall check the description of the implementation of this protocol in
the TSS to ensure that optional characteristics (e.g., extensions supported, client
authentication supported) are specified, and the ciphersuites supported are
specified as well. The evaluator shall check the TSS to ensure that the
ciphersuites specified are identical to those listed for this component. The
evaluator shall also check the operational guidance to ensure that it contains
instructions on configuring the TOE so that TLS conforms to the description in
the TSS (for instance, the set of ciphersuites advertised by the TOE may have to
be restricted to meet the requirements). The evaluator shall also perform the
following test:
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator shall establish a TLS connection using each of the
ciphersuites specified by the requirement. This connection may be established
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NDPP
Source
Security Target
Requirement
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Family
as part of the establishment of a higher-level protocol, e.g., as part of a HTTPS
session. It is sufficient to observe (on the wire) the successful negotiation of a
ciphersuite to satisfy the intent of the test; it is not necessary to examine the
characteristics of the encrypted traffic in an attempt to discern the ciphersuite
being used (for example, that the cryptographic algorithm is 128-bit AES and not
256-bit AES).
16. FCS_IPSE
C_EXT.1.2
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to verify that it describes how
"confidentiality only" ESP mode is disabled. The evaluator shall also examine
the operational guidance to determine that it describes any configuration
necessary to ensure that "confidentiality only" mode is disabled, and that an
advisory is present indicating that tunnel mode is the preferred ESP mode since
it protects the entire packet.
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to ensure that, in the description of the
IPsec protocol supported by the TOE, it states that aggressive mode is not used
for IKEv1 Phase 1 exchanges, and that only main mode is used. If this requires
configuration of the TOE prior to its operation, the evaluator shall check the
operational guidance to ensure that instructions for this configuration are
contained within that guidance. The evaluator shall also perform the following
tests:
Test 1: The evaluator shall configure the TOE as indicated in the operational
guidance, and attempt to establish a connection using an IKEv1 Phase 1
connection in aggressive mode. This attempt should fail. The evaluator should
then show that main mode exchanges are supported.
Test 2: The evaluator shall configure the TOE as indicated in the operational
guidance, and attempt to establish a connection using ESP in "confidentiality
only" mode. This attempt should fail. The evaluator shall then establish a
connection using ESP in confidentiality and integrity mode.
17. FCS_IPSE
C_EXT.1.3
The evaluator checks to ensure that the TSS describes how lifetimes for IKEv1
SAs (both Phase 1 and Phase 2) are established. If they are configurable, then
the evaluator verifies that the appropriate instructions for configuring these
values are included in the operational guidance. The evaluator also performs
the following test:
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator shall construct a test where a Phase 1 SA is established
and attempted to be maintained for more than 24 hours before it is renegotiated.
The evaluator shall observe that this SA is closed or renegotiated in 24 hours or
less. If such an action requires that the TOE be configured in a specific way, the
evaluator shall implement tests demonstrating that the configuration capability of
the TOE works as documented in the operational guidance.
Test 2: The evaluator shall perform a test similar to Test 1 for Phase 2 SAs,
except that the lifetime will be 8 hours instead of 24.
18. FCS_IPSE
C_EXT.1.4
The evaluator checks to ensure that the TSS describes how lifetimes for IKEv1
Phase 2 SAs—with respect to the amount of traffic that is allowed to flow using a
given SA--are established. If the value is configurable, then the evaluator
verifies that the appropriate instructions for configuring these values are included
in the operational guidance. The evaluator also performs the following test:
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator shall construct a test where a Phase 2 SA is established
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and attempted to be maintained while more data than is specified in the above
assignment flows over the connection. The evaluator shall observe that this SA
is closed or renegotiated before the amount of data specified is exceeded. If
such an action requires that the TOE be configured in a specific way, the
evaluator shall implement tests demonstrating that the configuration capability of
the TOE works as documented in the operational guidance.
19. FCS_IPSE
C_EXT.1.5
The evaluator shall check to ensure that the DH groups specified in the
requirement are listed as being supported in the TSS. If there is more than one
DH group supported, the evaluator checks to ensure the TSS describes how a
particular DH group is specified/negotiated with a peer. The evaluator shall also
perform the following test:
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
Test 1: For each supported DH group, the evaluator shall test to ensure that all
IKE protocols can be successfully completed using that particular DH group.
20. FCS_IPSE
C_EXT.1.6
The evaluator shall check that the TSS contains a description of the IKE peer
authentication process used by the TOE, and that this description covers the use
of the signature algorithm or algorithms specified in the requirement. The
evaluator shall also perform the following test:
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
Test 1: For each supported signature algorithm, the evaluator shall test that peer
authentication using that algorithm can be successfully achieved.
21. FCS_IPSE
C_EXT.1.7
The evaluator shall check to ensure that the TSS describes how pre-shared keys
are established and used in authentication of IPsec connections. The evaluator
shall check that the operational guidance describes how pre-shared keys are to
be generated and established for a TOE. The description in the TSS and the
operational guidance shall also indicate how pre-shared key establishment is
accomplished for both TOEs that can generate a pre-shared key as well as
TOEs that simply use a pre-shared key. The evaluator shall also perform the
following test:
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator shall generate a pre-shared key and use it, as indicated in
the operational guidance, to establish an IPsec connection between two peers.
If the TOE supports generation of the pre-shared key, the evaluator shall ensure
that establishment of the key is carried out for an instance of the TOE generating
the key as well as an instance of the TOE merely taking in and using the key.
22. FCS_IPSE
C_EXT.1.8
The evaluator shall check the operational guidance to ensure that it describes
the generation of preshared keys, including guidance on generating strong keys
and the allowed character set. The evaluator shall check that this guidance does
not limit the pre-shared key in a way that would not satisfy the requirement. It
should be noted that while the administrator (in contravention to the operational
guidance) can choose a key that does not conform to the requirement, there is
no requirement that the TOE check the key to ensure that it meets the rules
specified in this component.
AGD_OPE
ATE_IND
However, should the administrator choose to create a password that conforms to
the rules above (and the operational guidance); the TOE should not prohibit such
a choice. The evaluator shall also perform the following test; this may be
combined with Test 1 for FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.7:
Test 1: The evaluator shall generate a pre-shared key that is 22 characters long
that meets the composition requirements above. The evaluator shall then use
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this key to successfully establish an IPsec connection. While the evaluator is not
required to test that all of the special characters or lengths listed in the
requirement are supported, it is required that they justify the subset of those
characters chosen for testing, if a subset is indeed used.
23. FCS_SSH_
EXT.1.2
The evaluator shall check to ensure that the TSS contains a description of the
public key algorithms that are acceptable for use for authentication, that this list
conforms to FCS_SSH_EXT.1.5, and ensure that password-based
authentication methods are also allowed. The evaluator shall also perform the
following tests:
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator shall, for each public key algorithm supported, show that
the TOE supports the use of that public key algorithm to authenticate a user
connection. Any configuration activities required to support this test shall be
performed according to instructions in the operational guidance.
Test 2: Using the operational guidance, the evaluator shall configure the TOE to
accept password-based authentication, and demonstrate that a user can be
successfully authenticated to the TOE over SSH using a password as an
authenticator.
24. FCS_SSH_
EXT.1.3
The evaluator shall check that the TSS describes how “large packets” in terms of
RFC 4253 are detected and handled. The evaluator shall also perform the
following test:
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator shall demonstrate that if the TOE receives a packet larger
than that specified in this component, that packet is dropped.
25. FCS_SSH_
EXT.1.4
The evaluator shall check the description of the implementation of this protocol in
the TSS to ensure that optional characteristics are specified, and the encryption
algorithms supported are specified as well. The evaluator shall check the TSS to
ensure that the encryption algorithms specified are identical to those listed for
this component.
ASE_TSS
AGD_OPE
ATE_IND
The evaluator shall also check the operational guidance to ensure that it
contains instructions on configuring the TOE so that SSH conforms to the
description in the TSS (for instance, the set of algorithms advertised by the TOE
may have to be restricted to meet the requirements). The evaluator shall also
perform the following test:
Test 1: The evaluator shall establish a SSH connection using each of the
encryption algorithms specified by the requirement. It is sufficient to observe (on
the wire) the successful negotiation of a protocol to satisfy the intent of the test.
26. FCS_SSH_
EXT.1.5
The assurance activity associated with FCS_SSH_EXT.1.4 verifies this
requirement.
N/A
27. FCS_SSH_
EXT.1.6
The evaluator shall check the TSS to ensure that it lists the supported data
integrity algorithms, and that that list corresponds to the list in this component.
The evaluator shall also check the operational guidance to ensure that it
contains instructions to the administrator on how to ensure that only the allowed
data integrity algorithms are used in SSH connections with the TOE (specifically,
that the “none” MAC algorithm is not allowed).
ASE_TSS
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The evaluator shall ensure that operational guidance contains configuration
information that will allow the security administrator to configure the TOE so that
all key exchanges for SSH are performed using DH group 14. If this capability is
“hard-coded” into the TOE, the evaluator shall check the TSS to ensure that this
is stated in the discussion of the SSH protocol. The evaluator shall also perform
the following test:
AGD_OPE
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator shall attempt to perform a diffie-hellman-group1-sha1 key
exchange, and observe that the attempt fails. The evaluator shall then attempt
to perform a diffie-hellman-group14-sha1 key exchange, and observe that the
attempt succeeds.
29. FDP_RIP.2
“Resources” in the context of this requirement are network packets being sent
through (as opposed to “to”, as is the case when a security administrator
connects to the TOE) the TOE. The concern is that once a network packet is
sent, the buffer or memory area used by the packet still contains data from that
packet, and that if that buffer is re-used, those data might remain and make their
way into a new packet. The evaluator shall check to ensure that the TSS
describes packet processing to the extent that they can determine that no data
will be reused when processing network packets. The evaluator shall ensure
that this description at a minimum describes how the previous data are
zeroized/overwritten, and at what point in the buffer processing this occurs.
ASE_TSS
30. FIA_PMG_
EXT.1
The evaluator shall examine the operational guidance to determine that it
provides guidance to security administrators on the composition of strong
passwords, and that it provides instructions on setting the minimum password
length. The evaluator shall also perform the following tests. Note that one or
more of these tests can be performed with a single test case.
AGD_OPE
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator shall compose passwords that either meet the
requirements, or fail to meet the requirements, in some way. For each
password, the evaluator shall verify that the TOE supports the password. While
the evaluator is not required (nor is it feasible) to test all possible compositions of
passwords, the evaluator shall ensure that all characters, rule characteristics,
and a minimum length listed in the requirement are supported, and justify the
subset of those characters chosen for testing.
31. FIA_UIA_E
XT.1
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to determine that it describes the logon
process for each logon method (local, remote (HTTPS, SSH, etc.)) supported for
the product. This description shall contain information pertaining to the
credentials allowed/used, any protocol transactions that take place, and what
constitutes a “successful logon”. The evaluator shall examine the operational
guidance to determine that any necessary preparatory steps (e.g., establishing
credential material such as preshared keys, tunnels, certificates, etc.) to logging
in are described. For each supported the login method, the evaluator shall
ensure the operational guidance provides clear instructions for successfully
logging on. If configuration is necessary to ensure the services provided before
login are limited, the evaluator shall determine that the operational guidance
provides sufficient instruction on limiting the allowed services.
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
The evaluator shall perform the following tests for each method by which
administrators access the TOE (local and remote), as well as for each type of
credential supported by the login method:
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Test 1: The evaluator shall use the operational guidance to configure the
appropriate credential supported for the login method. For that credential/login
method, the evaluator shall show that providing correct I&A information results in
the ability to access the system, while providing incorrect information results in
denial of access.
Test 2: The evaluator shall configure the services allowed (if any) according to
the operational guidance, and then determine the services available to an
external remote entity. The evaluator shall determine that the list of services
available is limited to those specified in the requirement.
Test 3: For local access, the evaluator shall determine what services are
available to a local administrator prior to logging in, and make sure this list is
consistent with the requirement.
32. FIA_UAU_
EXT.2
Assurance activities for this requirement are covered under those for
FIA_UIA_EXT.1. If other authentication mechanisms are specified, the evaluator
shall include those methods in the activities for FIA_UIA_EXT.1.
ASE_TSS
33. FIA_UAU.7
The evaluator shall perform the following test for each method of local login
allowed:
ATE_IND
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator shall locally authenticate to the TOE. While making this
attempt, the evaluator shall verify that at most obscured feedback is provided
while entering the authentication information.
34. FMT_MTD.
1
The evaluator shall review the operational guidance to determine that each of
the TSF-data-manipulating functions implemented in response to the
requirements of this PP is identified, and that configuration information is
provided to ensure that only administrators have access to the functions. The
evaluator shall examine the TSS to determine that, for each administrative
function identified in the operational guidance; those that are accessible through
an interface prior to administrator log-in are identified. For each of these
functions, the evaluator shall also confirm that the TSS details how the ability to
manipulate the TSF data through these interfaces is disallowed for nonadministrative users.
AGD_OPE
35. FMT_SMF.
1
The security management functions for FMT_SMF.1 are distributed throughout
the PP and are included as part of the requirements in FMT_MTD,
FPT_TST_EXT, and any cryptographic management functions specified in the
reference standards. Compliance to these requirements satisfies compliance
with FMT_SMF.1.
N/A
36. FMT_SMR.
2
The evaluator shall review the operational guidance to ensure that it contains
instructions for administering the TOE both locally and remotely, including any
configuration that needs to be performed on the client for remote administration.
In the course of performing the testing activities for the evaluation, the evaluator
shall use all supported interfaces, although it is not necessary to repeat each test
involving an administrative action with each interface. The evaluator shall
ensure, however, that each supported method of administering the TOE that
conforms to the requirements of this PP be tested; for instance, if the TOE can
be administered through a local hardware interface; SSH; and TLS/HTTPS; then
all three methods of administration must be exercised during the evaluation
ASE_TSS
AGD_OPE
ATE_IND
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team’s test activities.
37. FPT_SKP_
EXT.1
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to determine that it details how any preshared keys, symmetric keys, and private keys are stored and that they are
unable to be viewed through an interface designed specifically for that purpose,
as outlined in the application note. If these values are not stored in plaintext, the
TSS shall describe how they are protected/obscured.
ASE_TSS
38. FPT_APW
_EXT.1
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to determine that it details all
authentication data that are subject to this requirement, and the method used to
obscure the plaintext password data when stored. The TSS shall also detail
passwords are stored in such a way that they are unable to be viewed through
an interface designed specifically for that purpose, as outlined in the application
note.
ASE_TSS
39. FPT_STM.
1
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to ensure that it lists each security function
that makes use of time. The TSS provides a description of how the time is
maintained and considered reliable in the context of each of the time related
functions.
ASE_TSS
AGD_OPE
ATE_IND
The evaluator examines the operational guidance to ensure it instructs the
administrator how to set the time. If the TOE supports the use of an NTP server,
the operational guidance instructs how a communication path is established
between the TOE and the NTP server, and any configuration of the NTP client
on the TOE to support this communication.
Test 1: The evaluator uses the operational guide to set the time. The evaluator
shall then use an available interface to observe that the time was set correctly.
Test2: [conditional] If the TOE supports the use of an NTP server; the evaluator
shall use the operational guidance to configure the NTP client on the TOE, and
set up a communication path with the NTP server. The evaluator will observe
that the NTP server has set the time to what is expected. If the TOE supports
multiple cryptographic protocols for establishing a connection with the NTP
server, the evaluator shall perform this test using each supported protocol.
40. FPT_TUD_
EXT.1
Updates to the TOE either have a hash associated with them, or are signed by
an authorized source. If digital signatures are used, the definition of an
authorized source is contained in the TSS, along with a description of how the
certificates used by the update verification mechanism are contained on the
device. The evaluator ensures this information is contained in the TSS. The
evaluator also ensures that the TSS (or the operational guidance) describes how
the candidate updates are obtained; the processing associated with verifying the
digital signature or calculating the hash of the updates; and the actions that take
place for successful (hash or signature was verified) and unsuccessful (hash or
signature could not be verified) cases. The evaluator shall perform the following
tests:
ASE_TSS
AGD_OPE
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator performs the version verification activity to determine the
current version of the product. The evaluator obtains a legitimate update using
procedures described in the operational guidance and verifies that it is
successfully installed on the TOE. Then, the evaluator performs a subset of
other assurance activity tests to demonstrate that the update functions as
expected. After the update, the evaluator performs the version verification
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activity again to verify the version correctly corresponds to that of the update.
Test 2: The evaluator performs the version verification activity to determine the
current version of the product. The evaluator obtains or produces an illegitimate
update, and attempts to install it on the TOE. The evaluator verifies that the
TOE rejects the update.
41. FPT_TST_
EXT.1
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to ensure that it details the self tests that
are run by the TSF on start-up; this description should include an outline of what
the tests are actually doing (e.g., rather than saying "memory is tested", a
description similar to "memory is tested by writing a value to each memory
location and reading it back to ensure it is identical to what was written" shall be
used). The evaluator shall ensure that the TSS makes an argument that the
tests are sufficient to demonstrate that the TSF is operating correctly.
ASE_TSS
AGD_OPE
The evaluator shall also ensure that the operational guidance describes the
possible errors that may result from such tests, and actions the administrator
should take in response; these possible errors shall correspond to those
described in the TSS.
42. FTA_SSL_
EXT.1
The evaluator shall perform the following test:
43. FTA_SSL.3
The evaluator shall perform the following test:
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator follows the operational guidance to configure several
different values for the inactivity time period referenced in the component. For
each period configured, the evaluator establishes a local interactive session with
the TOE. The evaluator then observes that the session is either locked or
terminated after the configured time period. If locking was selected from the
component, the evaluator then ensures that re-authentication is needed when
trying to unlock the session.
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator follows the operational guidance to configure several
different values for the inactivity time period referenced in the component. For
each period configured, the evaluator establishes a remote interactive session
with the TOE. The evaluator then observes that the session is terminated after
the configured time period.
44. FTA_SSL.4
The evaluator shall perform the following test:
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator initiates an interactive local session with the TOE. The
evaluator then follows the operational guidance to exit or log off the session and
observes that the session has been terminated.
Test 2: The evaluator initiates an interactive remote session with the TOE. The
evaluator then follows the operational guidance to exit or log off the session and
observes that the session has been terminated.
45. FTA_TAB.
1
The evaluator shall check the TSS to ensure that it details each method of
access (local and remote) available to the administrator (e.g., serial port, SSH,
HTTPS). The evaluator shall also perform the following test:
ATE_TSS
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluator follows the operational guidance to configure a notice and
consent warning message. The evaluator shall then, for each method of access
specified in the TSS, establish a session with the TOE. The evaluator shall
verify that the notice and consent warning message is displayed in each
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instance.
46. FTP_ ITC.1
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to determine that, for all communications
with authorized IT entities identified in the requirement, each communications
mechanism is identified in terms of the allowed protocols for that IT entity. The
evaluator shall also confirm that all protocols listed in the TSS are specified and
included in the requirements in the ST. The evaluator shall confirm that the
operational guidance contains instructions for establishing the allowed protocols
with each authorized IT entity, and that it contains recovery instructions should a
connection be unintentionally broken. The evaluator shall also perform the
following tests:
ASE_TSS
AGD_OPE
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluators shall ensure that communications using each protocol
with each authorized IT entity is tested during the course of the evaluation,
setting up the connections as described in the operational guidance and
ensuring that communication is successful.
Test 2: For each protocol that the TOE can initiate as defined in the requirement,
the evaluator shall follow the operational guidance to ensure that in fact the
communication channel can be initiated from the TOE.
Test 3: The evaluator shall ensure, for each communication channel with an
authorized IT entity, the channel data is not sent in plaintext.
Test 4: The evaluator shall ensure, for each communication channel with an
authorized IT entity, modification of the channel data is detected by the TOE.
Test 5: The evaluators shall, for each protocol associated with each authorized
IT entity tested during test 1, the connection is physically interrupted. The
evaluator shall ensure that when physical connectivity is restored,
communications are appropriately protected.
Further assurance activities are associated with the specific protocols.
47. FTP_TRP.
1
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to determine that the methods of remote
TOE administration are indicated, along with how those communications are
protected. The evaluator shall also confirm that all protocols listed in the TSS in
support of TOE administration are consistent with those specified in the
requirement, and are included in the requirements in the ST. The evaluator shall
confirm that the operational guidance contains instructions for establishing the
remote administrative sessions for each supported method. The evaluator shall
also perform the following tests:
ASE_TSS
Test 1: The evaluators shall ensure that communications using each specified
(in the operational guidance) remote administration method is tested during the
course of the evaluation, setting up the connections as described in the
operational guidance and ensuring that communication is successful.
Test 2: For each method of remote administration supported, the evaluator shall
follow the operational guidance to ensure that there is no available interface that
can be used by a remote user to establish a remote administrative sessions
without invoking the trusted path.
Test 3: The evaluator shall ensure, for each method of remote administration,
the channel data is not sent in plaintext.
Test 4: The evaluator shall ensure, for each method of remote administration,
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modification of the channel data is detected by the TOE.
Further assurance activities are associated with the specific protocols.
48. FPT_ITT.1
The evaluator shall examine the TSS to determine that the methods and
protocols used to protect distributed TOE components are described. The
evaluator shall also confirm that all protocols listed in the TSS in support of TOE
administration are consistent with those specified in the requirement, and are
included in the requirements in the ST. The evaluator shall confirm that the
operational guidance contains instructions for establishing the communication
paths for each supported method. The evaluator shall also perform the following
tests:
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
Test 1: The evaluators shall ensure that communications using each specified
(in the operational guidance) communications method is tested during the course
of the evaluation, setting up the connections as described in the operational
guidance and ensuring that communication is successful.
Test 2: The evaluator shall ensure, for each method of communication, the
channel data is not sent in plaintext.
Test 3: The evaluator shall ensure, for each method of communication,
modification of the channel data is detected by the TOE.
Further assurance activities are associated with the specific protocols.
49. ADV_FSP.
1
Developer Note: As indicated in the introduction to this section, the functional
specification is comprised of the information contained in the AGD_OPE and
AGD_PRE documentation, coupled with the information provided in the TSS of
the ST. The assurance activities in the functional requirements point to evidence
that should exist in the documentation and TSS section; since these are directly
associated with the SFRs, the tracing in element ADV_FSP.1.2D is
ADV_FSP
Implicitly already done and no additional documentation is necessary.
50. ADV_FSP.
1
There are no specific assurance activities associated with these SARs. The
functional specification documentation is provided to support the evaluation
activities described in NDPP Section 4.2, and other activities described for AGD,
ATE, and AVA SARs. The requirements on the content of the functional
specification information is implicitly assessed by virtue of the other assurance
activities being performed; if the evaluator is unable to perform an activity
because the there is insufficient interface information, then an adequate
functional specification has not been provided.
ADV_FSP
51. AGD_OPE.
1
The operational guidance shall at a minimum list the processes running (or that
could run) on the TOE in its evaluated configuration during its operation that are
capable of processing data received on the network interfaces (there are likely
more than one of these, and this is not limited to the process that "listens" on the
network interface). It is acceptable to list all processes running (or that could
run) on the TOE in its evaluated configuration instead of attempting to determine
just those that process the network data. For each process listed, the
administrative guidance will contain a short (e.g., one- or two-line) description of
the process' function, and the privilege with which the service runs. "Privilege"
includes the hardware privilege level (e.g., ring 0, ring 1), any software privileges
specifically associated with the process, and the privileges associated with the
AGD_OPE
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user role the process runs as or under.
52. AGD_OPE.
1
The operational guidance shall contain instructions for configuring the
cryptographic engine associated with the evaluated configuration of the TOE. It
shall provide a warning to the administrator that use of other cryptographic
engines was not evaluated nor tested during the CC evaluation of the TOE.
AGD_OPE
53. AGD_OPE.
1
The documentation must describe the process for verifying updates to the TOE,
either by checking the hash or by verifying a digital signature. The evaluator
shall verify that this process includes the following steps:
AGD_OPE
1. For hashes, a description of where the hash for a given update can be
obtained. For digital signatures, instructions for obtaining the certificate that will
be used by the FCS_COP.1(2) mechanism to ensure that a signed update has
been received from the certificate owner. This may be supplied with the product
initially, or may be obtained by some other means.
2. Instructions for obtaining the update itself. This should include instructions for
making the update accessible to the TOE (e.g., placement in a specific
directory).
3. Instructions for initiating the update process, as well as discerning whether the
process was successful or unsuccessful. This includes generation of the
hash/digital signature.
54. AGD_OPE.
1
The TOE will likely contain security functionality that does not fall in the scope of
evaluation under the NDPP. The operational guidance shall make it clear to an
administrator which security functionality is covered by the evaluation activities.
AGD_OPE
55. AGD_PRE.
1
The evaluator shall check to ensure that the guidance provided for the TOE
adequately addresses all platforms claimed for the TOE in the ST.
AGD_PRE
56. ATE_IND.1
The evaluator shall prepare a test plan and report documenting the testing
aspects of the system. The test plan covers all of the testing actions contained
in the CEM and the body of the NDPP’s Assurance Activities. While it is not
necessary to have one test case per test listed in an Assurance Activity, the
evaluator must document in the test plan that each applicable testing
requirement in the ST is covered.
ATE_IND
57. ATE_IND.1
The test plan identifies the platforms to be tested, and for those platforms not
included in the test plan but included in the ST, the test plan provides a
justification for not testing the platforms. This justification must address the
differences between the tested platforms and the untested platforms, and make
an argument that the differences do not affect the testing to be performed. It is
not sufficient to merely assert that the differences have no affect; rationale must
be provided. If all platforms claimed in the ST are tested, then no rationale is
necessary.
ATE_IND
58. ATE_IND.1
The test plan describes the composition of each platform to be tested, and any
setup that is necessary beyond what is contained in the AGD documentation. It
should be noted that the evaluator is expected to follow the AGD documentation
for installation and setup of each platform either as part of a test or as a standard
pre-test condition. This may include special test drivers or tools. For each driver
or tool, an argument (not just an assertion) should be provided that the driver or
ATE_IND
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tool will not adversely affect the performance of the functionality by the TOE and
its platform. This also includes the configuration of the cryptographic engine to
be used. The cryptographic algorithms implemented by this engine are those
specified by this PP and used by the cryptographic protocols being evaluated
(IPsec, TLS/HTTPS, SSH).
59. ATE_IND.1
The test plan identifies high-level test objectives as well as the test procedures to
be followed to achieve those objectives. These procedures include expected
results. The test report (which could just be an annotated version of the test
plan) details the activities that took place when the test procedures were
executed, and includes the actual results of the tests. This shall be a cumulative
account, so if there was a test run that resulted in a failure; a fix installed; and
then a successful rerun of the test, the report would show a “fail” and “pass”
result (and the supporting details), and not just the “pass” result.
ATE_IND
60. AVA_VAN.
1
As with ATE_IND, the evaluator shall generate a report to document their
findings with respect to this requirement. This report could physically be part of
the overall test report mentioned in ATE_IND, or a separate document. The
evaluator performs a search of public information to determine the vulnerabilities
that have been found in network infrastructure devices and the implemented
communication protocols in general, as well as those that pertain to the
particular TOE. The evaluator documents the sources consulted and the
vulnerabilities found in the report. For each vulnerability found, the evaluator
either provides a rationale with respect to its nonapplicability, or the evaluator
formulates a test (using the guidelines provided in ATE_IND) to confirm the
vulnerability, if suitable. Suitability is determined by assessing the attack vector
needed to take advantage of the vulnerability. For example, if the vulnerability
can be detected by pressing a key combination on boot-up, a test would be
suitable at the assurance level of the NDPP. If exploiting the vulnerability
requires expert skills and an electron microscope, for instance, then a test would
not be suitable and an appropriate justification would be formulated.
AVA_VAN
61. ALC_CMC.
1
The evaluator shall check the ST to ensure that it contains an identifier (such as
a product name/version number) that specifically identifies the version that
meets the requirements of the ST. Further, the evaluator shall check the AGD
guidance and TOE samples received for testing to ensure that the version
number is consistent with that in the ST. If the vendor maintains a web site
advertising the TOE, the evaluator shall examine the information on the web site
to ensure that the information in the ST is sufficient to distinguish the product.
ALC_CMC
62. ALC_CMS.
2
The “evaluation evidence required by the SARs” in the NDPP is limited to the
information in the ST coupled with the guidance provided to administrators and
users under the AGD requirements. By ensuring that the TOE is specifically
identified and that this identification is consistent in the ST and in the AGD
guidance (as done in the assurance activity for ALC_CMC.1), the evaluator
implicitly confirms the information required by this component.
ALC_CMS
63. Annex
C1.2
The evaluator shall check to ensure that the TSS contains a list (possibly empty
except for authentication failures for user-level connections) of the protocol
failures that are auditable. The evaluator shall test all identified audit events
during protocol testing/audit testing.
ASE_TSS
ATE_IND
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Aruba Networks
Security Target
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