Chevrolet | VENTURE 2004 | Specifications | Chevrolet VENTURE 2004 Specifications

Chevrolet VENTURE 2004 Specifications
2004 Chevrolet Venture Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ........................... 1-1
Front Seats ............................................... 1-3
Rear Seats
............................................... 1-6
Safety Belts ............................................. 1-27
Child Restraints
....................................... 1-53
Air Bag Systems
...................................... 1-92
Restraint System Check
.......................... 1-102
Features and Controls ..................................... 2-1
Keys
........................................................ 2-3
Doors and Locks
....................................... 2-9
Windows ................................................. 2-24
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................ 2-27
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
........... 2-31
Mirrors .................................................... 2-45
OnStar® System
...................................... 2-47
HomeLink® Transmitter
............................. 2-48
Storage Areas
......................................... 2-52
Vehicle Personalization
............................. 2-62
Instrument Panel ............................................. 3-1
Instrument Panel Overview .......................... 3-4
Climate Controls
...................................... 3-26
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators
........ 3-36
Message Center ....................................... 3-50
Driver Information Center (DIC)
.................. 3-58
M
Audio System(s) ....................................... 3-61
Driving Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
..... 4-1
Towing
................................................... 4-33
Service and Appearance Care .......................... 5-1
Service ..................................................... 5-3
Fuel ......................................................... 5-4
Checking Things Under
the Hood
............................................. 5-10
All-Wheel Drive
........................................ 5-48
Bulb Replacement
.................................... 5-50
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
......... 5-56
Tires
...................................................... 5-58
Appearance Care
..................................... 5-97
Vehicle Identification
............................... 5-104
Electrical System
.................................... 5-105
Capacities and Specifications
................... 5-113
Maintenance Schedule ..................................... 6-1
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 6-2
Customer Assistance and Information .............. 7-1
Customer Assistance and Information
........... 7-2
Reporting Safety Defects ........................... 7-12
Index ................................................................ 1
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this manual can be obtained
from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLET Emblem and the name
VENTURE are registered trademarks of General
Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division whenever
it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the
new owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 10336276 B First Edition
ii
How to Use This Manual
Many people read the owner manual from beginning to
end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it can help you learn about the features
and controls for the vehicle. Pictures and words work
together in the owner manual to explain things.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It is an alphabetical list of what is in
the manual, and the page number where you will find it.
© Copyright General Motors Corporation 11/10/03
All Rights Reserved
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you about
things that could hurt you if you were to ignore the
warning.
{CAUTION:
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you
or others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t let
this happen.”
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this manual you will find these notices:
The vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along with
the text describing the operation or information
relating to a specific component, control, message,
gage, or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
A notice tells about something that can damage your
vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be covered
by your vehicle’s warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the
damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different
colors or in different words.
There are also warning labels on your vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage, or indicator, reference the following
topics:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
Features and Controls in Section 2
Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
Climate Controls in Section 3
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in Section 3
Audio System(s) in Section 3
Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:
v
✍ NOTES
vi
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ......................................................1-3
Manual Seats ................................................1-3
Six-Way Power Seats .....................................1-4
Reclining Seatbacks ........................................1-4
Head Restraints .............................................1-6
Rear Seats .......................................................1-6
Rear Seat Operation .......................................1-6
Second Row Safety Belt Stowage .....................1-6
Flip and Fold Feature .....................................1-7
Split Bench Seats ...........................................1-8
Bucket Seats ...............................................1-14
Captain Chairs .............................................1-20
Stowable Seat ..............................................1-24
Safety Belts ...................................................1-27
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ................1-27
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......1-31
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................1-32
Driver Position ..............................................1-32
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-42
Right Front Passenger Position .......................1-42
Center Passenger Position
(Bucket Seat) ............................................1-43
Center Passenger Position
(Bench Seat) ............................................1-44
Rear Seat Passengers ..................................1-46
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults .......................................1-50
Safety Belt Pretensioners ...............................1-52
Safety Belt Extender .....................................1-52
Child Restraints .............................................1-53
Older Children ..............................................1-53
Infants and Young Children ............................1-56
Child Restraint Systems .................................1-60
Where to Put the Restraint .............................1-63
Top Strap ....................................................1-64
Top Strap Anchor Location .............................1-65
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ...........................1-67
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System .........................................1-69
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Outside
Seat Position ............................................1-69
Securing a Child Restraint in a Center Seat
Position (Third Row Bench Seat) .................1-73
Securing a Child Restraint in a Center Seat
Position (Bucket Seat) ................................1-75
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
Seat Position ............................................1-78
Built-In Child Restraint ...................................1-81
1-1
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Air Bag Systems ............................................1-92
Where Are the Air Bags? ...............................1-95
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ....................1-98
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .....................1-99
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .....................1-99
What Will You See After an Air Bag Inflates? .....1-100
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle ........1-102
1-2
Restraint System Check ................................1-102
Checking Your Restraint Systems ..................1-102
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash ..................................................1-103
Front Seats
{CAUTION:
Manual Seats
Use the lever located on
the front of the seat to
adjust the seat forward or
rearward. Pull up the lever
to unlock the seat. Slide the
seat to where you want it
and release the lever.
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle
is moving. The sudden movement could startle
and confuse you, or make you push a pedal
when you do not want to. Adjust the driver’s
seat only when the vehicle is not moving.
To make sure the seat is locked into place, try to move
the seat back and forth with your body.
1-3
Six-Way Power Seats
Reclining Seatbacks
Your vehicle may have this
feature. If it does, the
six-way power seat control
is located on the outboard
sides of the driver’s and
front passenger’s seats.
• Move the front of the control up or down to adjust the
front portion of the cushion up or down.
• Move the rear of the control up or down to adjust the
rear portion of the cushion up or down.
• Lift up or push down on the whole control to move
the entire seat up or down.
• To move the whole seat forward or rearward, slide
the control forward or rearward.
1-4
To adjust a seatback, pull up on the lever located on
the outboard side of the driver’s or front passenger’s
seats. Release the lever to lock the seatback where you
want it. Push and pull on the seat to make sure it’s
locked into position. Pull up on the lever, and the seat
will go to its original upright position.
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you
buckle up, your safety belts can not do their
job when you are reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can not do its job because it
will not be against your body. Instead, it will be
in front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
The lap belt can not do its job either. In a
crash the belt could go up over your abdomen.
The belt forces would be there, not at your
pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety belt
properly.
1-5
Head Restraints
Rear Seats
Rear Seat Operation
The rear seats in your vehicle have levers and straps
used to adjust, remove, and reinstall the seats. By using
the levers and straps in the correct order, you can
easily remove the seats from the vehicle.
When you put the seats back in the vehicle, follow the
label on the back of the seat for proper location.
Second Row Safety Belt Stowage
Adjust your head restraint so that the top of the restraint
is closest to the top of your head. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
Head restraints are fixed on some models and
adjustable on others. To adjust a head restraint, slide
it up or down.
1-6
If your vehicle has a split bench seat in the second row,
use the clip on the safety belt to secure the belt after it is
disconnected from the mini-buckle. When removing the
second row split bench seat, secure the loose end of the
safety belt in this clip. This will keep the safety belt from
dangling and possibly striking something.
Do not have the second row outside safety belt stored if
someone is sitting in the second row outside position.
Flip and Fold Feature
The rear seats in your vehicle can be folded forward.
Use this feature for exiting and entering third row seats.
1. If the seats have the adjustable head restraints,
push them fully down.
2. Fold the seatback flat
on the seat, by either
pulling on the nylon
strap on the rear of the
seat or lifting up on
the lever located on the
front of the seatback.
If the seat adjusts, slide
it all the way back.
To return the seat(s) to the normal position, do the
following:
1. Push the seat back and firmly push the rear hooks
onto the rear floor pins by pushing down on the
rear of the seat.
2. Try to raise the seat to check that it is locked down.
3. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon
strap on the back of the seat and raise the
seatback until it locks upright.
4. Push and pull on the seatback to check that it is
locked.
3. Release the rear set of
hooks from the floor
pins by pulling the nylon
strap located at the
base of the seat; hang
on to the strap as the
seat folds forward.
1-7
Split Bench Seats
If you have the split bench seat (50/50 or 40/60), the
seatbacks can be folded forward or reclined individually
and the seats can be removed individually. The
second row (40/60) sections can also be adjusted
forward or rearward individually.
The second row (40/60) split bench may be equipped
with a built-in child restraint. See Built-In Child Restraint
on page 1-81.
Adjusting the Split Bench Seats
(Second Row)
The second row bench seats are adjustable. There are
two adjustment levers on each section of the split
bench seats to adjust the seat forward or rearward.
1-8
One is located below the center, in the front of each
section of the split bench.
The other lever is located
on the rear of the seat.
The seatbacks on each section of the split bench seat
can be either folded forward or reclined. The following
explains how to use the nylon strap or recliner lever
to fold or recline the seatbacks.
Lift up either lever and slide the seat forward or
rearward. Release the lever. Push and pull on the seat
to make sure it is locked into place.
Folding or Reclining the Seatbacks
Nylon Strap
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
Recliner Lever
To fold the seatback forward, pull the nylon strap
located on the rear of the seat or lift up on the recliner
lever located on the front of the seatback. The
seatback will lock into place.
To raise a seatback, pull the nylon strap or lift the
recliner lever while raising the seatback until it locks
upright. Push and pull on the seatback to check that it is
locked into place.
1-9
To recline the seatback, pull the nylon strap or lift the
recliner lever. Press back on the seatback until you
reach the desired position then let go of the strap
or lever.
To return the seatback to an upright position, pull on the
nylon strap or lift the recliner lever without putting any
pressure on the seatback. Push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked into place.
2. Push the red center of
the buckle with a small
pointed object to
remove the seat belt, if
needed.
Removing the Split Bench Seat
Make sure the seatback is in the upright position.
1. For the second row split bench, with the seatback
in the upright position, unhook the side attachment
for the safety belt. This mini-buckle is located
on the right side of the seat.
1-10
3. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon
strap on the back of the seat to fold the seatback
forward.
4. If the seat is in the second row, lift one of the
adjustment levers and slide the seat fully rearward.
5. From behind the bench seat, pull the nylon strap at
the center of the base of the seat to release the
rear latches from the floor pins.
Do not let go of the strap until the seat is folded all
the way forward.
6. To unlatch the front latches, squeeze the angled
bar toward the straight crossbar.
7. Remove the seat by rocking it slightly forward, then
toward the rear of the vehicle and then pulling it out.
Repeat these steps for the other section of the split
bench seat.
1-11
Replacing the Split Bench Seats
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
{CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop.
People in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure
to lock the seat into place properly when
installing it.
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After installing the seat, always check to be
sure that the safety belts are properly routed
and attached, and are not twisted.
Make sure the seatback is in the upright position and
the safety belts are on the correct section of the seat.
Don’t put the sections of the bench seat in so they face
rearward because they won’t latch that way. If you
want more storage room behind the second row seat,
adjust each section by sliding it forward.
The split bench seats have seat position labels, located
on the back of each seat, showing where the seat
must go. Follow that diagram.
The seat must be placed in the proper location for the
legs to attach correctly.
Make sure the seat is in the full rear position before
beginning this procedure.
1-12
2. Make sure the bench
seat is angled so that
the front hooks
clear the floor pins.
If the front legs are not attached correctly, the rear
legs will not attach to the rear set of floor pins.
1. Squeeze the angled bar toward the solid crossbar
while placing the front hooks of the bench seat onto
the front two floor pins.
1-13
If the front latches are not attaching correctly, check
that the seat is in the full rear position.
3. Firmly push the rear hooks onto the rear floor pins
by pushing down on the rear of the seat.
4. Try to raise the seat to check that it is locked down.
5. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon
strap on the back of the seat and raise the
seatback until it locks upright.
6. Push and pull on the seatback to check that it is
locked.
Bucket Seats
If your vehicle has the bucket seats, the seatbacks can
be folded down or reclined. The seats can also be
adjusted forward or rearward and removed.
One of the bucket seats may be equipped with a built-in
child restraint. See Built-In Child Restraint on page 1-81.
Adjusting the Bucket Seats
There are two adjustment levers on each seat to adjust
the seat forward or rearward.
7. If you have the 40/60 seat, attach the mini-buckle
so that the safety belt is ready for use when a
passenger uses the seat.
The buckle reattaches by pushing the latch into the
buckle until the red center pops out again.
Repeat these steps for the other section of the split
bench seat.
One is located below the center, in front of the bucket
seats.
1-14
The other lever is located
on the rear of the
bucket seat.
The seatback on a bucket seat can be either folded
forward or reclined. The following explains how to use
either the nylon strap or the lever to fold or recline
the seatback.
Lift up either lever and slide the seat forward or
rearward.
Release the lever. Push and pull on the seat to make
sure it is locked into place.
Folding or Reclining the Seatbacks
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
Nylon Strap
Recliner Lever
To fold the seatback forward, pull the nylon strap
located on the rear of the seat or lift up on the recliner
lever located on the front of the seatback. The
seatback will lock into place.
To raise a seatback, pull the nylon strap or lift the
recliner lever while raising the seatback until it locks
upright. Push and pull on the seatback to check that it is
locked into place.
1-15
To recline the seatback, pull the nylon strap or lift the
recliner lever. Press back on the seatback until you
reach the desired position, then let go of the strap or
lever.
To return the seatback to an upright position, pull on the
nylon strap or lift the recliner lever without putting any
pressure on the seatback. Push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked into place.
Removing the Bucket Seats
Make sure the seatback is in the upright position. The
head restraints should be fully down.
1. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon
strap on the back of the seat to fold the seatback
forward.
2. Slide the seat all the way back by lifting either one
of the adjuster levers and sliding the seat fully
rearward.
1-16
3. From behind the seat, pull the nylon strap, located
at the base of the seat, to release the rear latches
from the floor pins.
You can also lift the lever on the side of the seat to
release the rear latches from the floor pins.
Do not let go of the strap or lever until the seat is
folded all the way forward.
4. To unlatch the front latches, with the seat folded
forward, squeeze the angled bar toward the
straight crossbar.
5. Remove the seat by rocking it slightly forward, then
toward the rear of the vehicle and then pulling it
out. This should be done in one motion.
1-17
Replacing the Bucket Seats
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
{CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop.
People in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure
to lock the seat into place properly when
installing it.
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After installing the seat, always check to be
sure that the safety belts are properly routed
and attached, and are not twisted.
Don’t put the seats in so they face rearward because
they won’t latch that way. If you want more storage room
behind the seat, adjust the seat by sliding it forward.
The bucket seats have seat position labels, located on
the back of the seat, showing where the seat must
go. Follow that diagram. The seat must be placed in the
proper location for the legs to attach correctly.
Make sure the seats are in the full rear position before
beginning this procedure.
1. With the seat folded, squeeze the angled bar
toward the straight crossbar while placing the
front hooks of the bucket seat onto the front two
floor pins.
1-18
2. Make sure the bucket
seat is angled so that
the front hooks
clear the floor pins.
If the front legs are not attached correctly, the rear
legs will not attach to the rear set of floor pins.
If the front latches are not attaching correctly, check
that the seat is in the full rear position.
3. Firmly push the rear hooks onto the rear floor pins
by pushing down the rear of the seat.
4. Try to raise the seat to check that it is locked down.
5. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon
strap on the back of the seat and raise the
seatback until it locks upright.
6. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure that it
is locked in place.
1-19
Captain Chairs
If your vehicle has captain’s chairs, the chairs and
seatbacks can be adjusted forward or rearward.
Adjusting the Captain’s Chairs
(Second Row)
The second row captain’s chairs can be adjusted
forward or rearward.
There are two adjustment levers on each seat. One is
located below the center, in front of the seat. The
other is located across the rear of the seat.
Lift up either lever to slide the seat forward or rearward.
Release the lever. Push and pull on the seat to make
sure it is locked into place.
Folding or Reclining the Seatbacks
To recline the seatback, lift up on the recliner lever,
located on the outboard side of the seat. Use the recliner
lever to move the seatback to the desired position.
It is easier to raise or lower the seatback if you
lean forward, taking the weight off the seatback.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
1-20
The seatbacks on the second row captain’s chairs also
fold forward to put items behind the left and right seats.
Lift up on the recliner lever and fold the seatback
forward. The seatback will lock into place when you
push it back to the upright position.
The armrests can be lowered or raised for entering or
exiting the vehicle.
Removing the Captain’s Chairs
2. The seat can then be lifted off the front floor pins
and removed from the vehicle.
1. Pull the nylon strap behind the chair to release the
rear hooks from the floor pins.
1-21
Replacing the Captain’s Chairs
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After installing the seat, always check to be
sure that the safety belts are properly routed
and attached, and are not twisted.
{CAUTION:
Don’t put the seats in so they face rearward because
they won’t latch that way. For the second row, if
you want more storage room behind the seat, adjust the
seat by sliding it forward.
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop.
People in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure
to lock the seat into place properly when
installing it.
The captain’s chairs have seat position labels, located
on the back of the seat, showing where the seat
must go. Follow that diagram. The seat must be placed
in the proper location for the legs to attach correctly.
1-22
Make sure the seatbacks are in the upright position, the
seat belts are on the correct side of the chairs and
the second row captain’s chairs are in the full rear
position before beginning this procedure.
1. Hook the front latches over the front floor pins.
2. Push the rear of the seat down to lock the rear
latches onto the rear set of floor pins.
3. Push and pull on the seat to be sure it is properly
attached.
1-23
Stowable Seat
Your vehicle may have a stowable seat. The stowable
seat is a full bench seat and comes with the
convenience center. See Convenience Center on
page 2-59 for more information. The stowable seat can
be removed and replaced, or with the seatback
folded, it can lie flush with the convenience center.
To fold down the seatback,
pull up on the lever located
on the back of the seat, and
push the seatback down
until it is locked into place.
Folding the Seatback
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
1-24
Push and pull on the seatback to make sure that it is
locked into place.
To raise the seatback, do one of the following:
• From the rear of the vehicle, pull up on the lever to
release the seatback, then pull the strap located on
the right side of the seat, to pull the seatback up.
The seatback has a patch of hook and loop fastener
to stow the strap on the rear of the seat when not
in use.
• From the passenger’s side sliding door, pull up on
the lever to release the seatback, then push up on
the seatback to raise the seat.
Push and pull on the seatback to make sure that it is
locked into the upright position.
Removing the Stowable Seat
1. Remove the convenience center, if it is in the
vehicle. See Convenience Center on page 2-59
for more information.
2. Make sure all items are off of the stowable seat.
3. If the seatback is down, put the seatback in
its upright position before removing the seat.
See “Folding the Seatback” previously in this
section.
4. From behind the bench seat, push up the release
handles at the base of the seat to release the
latches from the floor pins.
5. While holding onto the crossbar at the bottom of the
seat, remove the seat by rocking it slightly toward
the rear of the vehicle and then pulling it out.
This should be done in one motion.
Notice: If you use the release handles to remove the
seat, the handles could break, and the repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Use the crossbar
located at the seat bottom to remove the seat.
1-25
Replacing the Stowable Seat
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After installing the seat, always check to be
sure that the safety belts are properly routed
and attached, and are not twisted.
{CAUTION:
Do not put the stowable seat in so it faces rearward
because it will not latch that way. The stowable seat has
to go in before the convenience center. See
Convenience Center on page 2-59 for more information.
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop.
People in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure
to lock the seat into place properly when
installing it.
The stowable seat has seat position labels, located on
the back of the seat, showing where the seat must go.
Follow the floor pin diagram. Use the front floor pins of
the floor cups and the rear floor cups in the third row.
1-26
The seat must be placed in the proper location for the
legs to attach correctly.
Make sure the seat is in its upright position before
beginning this procedure.
1. Place the front hooks of the seat onto the front floor
pins in the third row. To do this, the seat will need to
be angled so the front hooks clear the floor pins.
If the front legs are not attached correctly, the rear
legs will not attach to the rear set of floor pins.
2. Firmly push the rear hooks into the rear floor pins
by pushing down on the rear of the seat.
3. Try to raise the seat to make sure that it is
locked down.
{CAUTION:
Do not let anyone ride where he or she can not
wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash
and you are not wearing a safety belt, your
injuries can be much worse. You can hit things
inside the vehicle or be ejected from it. You can
be seriously injured or killed. In the same crash,
you might not be, if you are buckled up. Always
fasten your safety belt, and check that your
passengers’ belts are fastened properly too.
4. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure that it
is locked into place.
Safety Belts
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
belts properly. It tells you some things you should not
do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not
allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle
that is not equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a
seat and using a safety belt properly.
1-27
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up. See
Safety Belt Reminder
Light on page 3-41.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles, the
facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter... a lot!
1-28
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat on
wheels.
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
1-29
The person keeps going until stopped by something. In
a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...
1-30
or the instrument panel...
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be – whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
A: Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts – not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has
air bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
1-31
Q: If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident – even one that isn’t your fault – you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-53
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-56. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
1-32
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it
properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see
how, see “Seats” in the Index.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-52.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
1-33
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this
applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be
less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it,
the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This
could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder and across the
chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-34
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
To move it down, push down on the button and move
the height adjuster to the desired position. You can
move the adjuster up just by pushing up on the shoulder
belt guide. After you move the adjuster to where you
want it, try to move it down without pushing the button
down to make sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt
is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be
away from your face and neck, but not falling off your
shoulder.
1-35
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-36
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-37
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt goes
over an armrest like this. The belt would be
much too high. In a crash, you can slide under
the belt. The belt force would then be applied
at the abdomen, not at the pelvic bones, and
that could cause serious or fatal injuries. Be
sure the belt goes under the armrests.
A: The belt is over an armrest.
1-38
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the ribs, which are not as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-39
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you would not have the full width of
the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work
properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
1-40
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage
both the belt and your vehicle.
1-41
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see Driver Position on page 1-32.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt – except for one thing.
If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out all the
way, you will engage the child restraint locking feature.
If this happens, just let the belt go back all the way
and start again.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-42
Center Passenger Position
(Bucket Seat)
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has bucket seats, someone can sit in the
center position bucket seat.
When you sit in the center position bucket seat, you
have a lap safety belt which has a retractor.
1. Pick up the latch plate and, in a single motion, pull
the belt across you. Don’t let it get twisted.
1-43
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. If
the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, let it go
back all the way and start again. Pull up on the
latch plate to make sure it is secure.
3. Feed the lap belt into the retractor to tighten it.
4. Position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-52.
1-44
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
Center Passenger Position
(Bench Seat)
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a third row rear bench seat, someone
can sit in the center position.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown
until the belt is snug.
When you sit in the center position of the bench seat,
you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor.
To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it
along the belt.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long
enough, see Safety Belt Extender on page 1-52.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt
quickly if you ever had to.
1-45
Rear Seat Passengers
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle
up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the
rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those
who are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike
others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
1-46
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
In the third row, if the belt stops before it reaches
the buckle, tilt the latch plate and keep pulling
until you can buckle it.
1-47
Third Row Outside Passenger Position
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way,
it will lock. If it does, let it go back all the way and
start again.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-52.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-48
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-49
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear safety belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown
booster seats and for small adults. When installed on
a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better positions
the belt away from the neck and head.
If your vehicle has bucket seats in the second row,
there is one guide for each outside passenger position.
If your vehicle has a bench seat in the second row,
there is one guide for the driver’s side outside passenger
position. To provide added safety belt comfort for
children who have outgrown child restraints and booster
seats and for smaller adults, the comfort guides may
be installed on the shoulder belts. Here’s how to install
a comfort guide and use the safety belt:
1. Remove the guide from its storage pocket on the
side of the seatback.
1-50
2. Place the guide over the belt and insert the two
edges of the belt into the slots of the guide.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The guide must be on top of the belt.
1-51
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners. You’ll find
them on the buckle end of the safety belts for the driver
and right front passenger. They help the safety belts
reduce a person’s forward movement in a moderate to
severe crash in which the front of the vehicle hits
something.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a
crash, you’ll need to get new ones, and probably other
new parts for your safety belt system. See Replacing
Restraint System Parts After a Crash on page 1-103.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in Rear Seat Passengers on page 1-46.
Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the
shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Slide the guide into the storage pocket.
1-52
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. The extender
will be just for you, and just for the seat in your
vehicle that you choose. Don’t let someone else use it,
and use it only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear
it, just attach it to the regular safety belt.
Child Restraints
Older Children
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or even
fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
1-53
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can not properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A belt
must be used by only one person at a time.
Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
A: Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper
body would have the restraint that belts provide. If
the child is sitting in a rear seat outside position,
see Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults on page 1-50. If the child is
so small that the shoulder belt is still very close to
the child’s face or neck, you might want to place
the child in a seat that has a lap belt, if your vehicle
has one.
1-54
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the belt in
this way, in a crash the child might slide under
the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied
right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-55
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
1-56
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby does not
weigh much — until a crash. During a crash a
baby will become so heavy it is not possible to
hold it. For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly
become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s
arms. A baby should be secured in an
appropriate restraint.
1-57
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
{CAUTION:
restraints?
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer outstanding protection for adults
and older children, but not for young children
and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt
system nor its air bag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide.
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will
be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing a
child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
1-58
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This
is necessary because a newborn infant’s neck
is weak and its head weighs so much
compared with the rest of its body. In a crash,
an infant in a rear-facing seat settles into the
restraint, so the crash forces can be
distributed across the strongest part of an
infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants
always should be secured in appropriate infant
restraints.
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s
regular safety belt may not remain low on the
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply force on a body area that is
unprotected by any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young
children always should be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
1-59
Child Restraint Systems
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
1-60
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and some
high-back booster seats have a five-point harness. A
booster seat can also help a child to see out the window.
1-61
Q: How do child restraints work?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps and a
crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against the
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
1-62
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal
motor vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You
may find these instructions on the restraint itself or
in a booklet, or both. These restraints use the
belt system in your vehicle, but the child also has to
be secured within the restraint to help reduce the
chance of personal injury. When securing an add-on
child restraint, refer to the instructions that come
with the restraint which may be on the restraint itself
or in a booklet, or both, and to this manual. The
child restraint instructions are important, so if they
are not available, obtain a replacement copy
from the manufacturer.
Q: When securing an aftermarket child seat in a
bucket seat, I am unable to get the seat
fastened in snugly enough. What should I do?
A: With some child seats, it may be difficult to tighten
the vehicle belts so that there is less side-to-side or
front-to-back movement of the child seat. A
replacement buckle, which makes it easier to
secure your child seat, is available from your dealer
at no charge to you.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We,
therefore, recommend that child restraints be secured
in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facing
infant seat, a child riding in a forward-facing child
seat and an older child riding in a booster seat. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in the front passenger
seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
(Continued)
If you secure a forward-facing child restraint in
the right front seat, always move the front
passenger seat as far back as it will go. It is
better to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in a
rear seat.
CAUTION:
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle – even when no child
is in it.
(Continued)
1-63
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.” It
can help restrain the child restraint during a collision. For
it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to the
vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints are
designed for use with or without the top strap being
anchored. Others require the top strap always to be
anchored. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for
your child restraint. If yours requires that the top strap be
anchored, don’t use the restraint unless it is anchored
properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit
is available.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints
also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a
top strap, it should be anchored.
1-64
Don’t use a child restraint that requires a top strap in
the right front passenger’s position because there’s
no place to anchor the top strap.
Top Strap Anchor Location
Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position
where the child restraint will be placed.
If you have an adjustable head restraint, route the top
strap under it.
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready
to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top
strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
Second Row
1-65
Third Row
Third Row (Stowable Seat)
An anchor bar for a top strap is located at the rear of
the seat cushion for each second and third row outboard
seating position, and for the center position of the
second row.
The anchor bar for the stowable bench seat is located
on the passenger’s side of the crossbar. Use the center
seating position to use the anchor bar properly. If the
convenience center is in the vehicle, you must lift
the tray sill to use the anchor.
Do not use a child restraint with a top strap in the right
front passenger’s position, because there is no place
to anchor the top strap.
1-66
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System)
This system, designed to make installation of child
restraints easier, does not use the vehicle’s safety belts.
Instead, it uses vehicle anchors and child restraint
attachments to secure the restraints. Some restraints
also use another vehicle anchor to secure a top
tether strap .
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You will find
anchors (A) in the second row outboard bucket seats,
the 40 side of the 60/40 split bench seat, and both
second row captain’s chairs.
A. Anchors
B. Anchors
C. Top tether Strap
1-67
To assist you in locating
the lower anchors for this
child restraint system,
each seating position with
the LATCH system has
a label on the seatback.
The labels are located at each lower anchor position,
near the base of the second row outboard bucket seats,
the 40 side of the 60/40 split bench seat, and both
second row captain’s chairs.
{CAUTION:
A. Anchors
B. Anchors
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle, you
need a child restraint designed for that system.
1-68
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not attached
to its anchorage points, the restraint will not
be able to protect the child correctly. In a
crash, the child could be seriously injured or
killed. Make sure that a LATCH-type child
restraint is properly installed using the
anchorage points, or use the vehicle’s safety
belts to secure the restraint, following the
instructions that came with that restraint, and
also the instructions in this manual.
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
1. Find the LATCH anchorages for the seating
position you want to use, where the bottom of the
seatback meets the back of the seat cushion.
See Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-67.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach and tighten the LATCH attachments on the
child restraint to the LATCH anchorages in the
vehicle. The child restraint instructions will show you
how.
4. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchorage.
The child restraint instructions will show you
how. Also see Top Strap on page 1-64.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
tether from the top tether anchorage and then
disconnect the LATCH attachments from the LATCH
anchorages.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-67. See Top Strap
on page 1-64 if the child restraint has a top strap or
top tether.
1-69
For vehicles with a full bench seat in the third row, there
is no top strap anchor in the driver’s side position. Do
not secure a child seat in this position if a national
or local law requires that the top strap be anchored, or if
the instructions that come with the child restraint say
that the top strap must be anchored.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the
child restraint. Be sure to follow the instructions
that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the
child restraint when and as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
Third Row Outside Passenger Position
In the third row, tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt
if needed.
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3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
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5. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. If you are using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-72
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Center Seat Position (Third Row
Bench Seat)
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-67. See Top Strap
on page 1-64 if the child restraint has one.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you’ll be using the lap belt to secure the child restraint
in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions
that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the
child restraint when and as the instructions say.
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4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint. If you’re using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or
larger child passenger.
1-74
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Center Seat Position (Bucket Seat)
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-67. See Top Strap
on page 1-64 if the child restraint has one.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you’ll be using the lap belt to secure the child restraint
in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions
that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the
child restraint when and as the instructions say.
1-75
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pull the lap belt all the way out without stopping.
3. While holding it out, run the belt through or around
the child restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-76
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, feed it back into the retractor
while you push down on the child restraint. If
you’re using a forward-facing child restraint, you
may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on
the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-77
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
Your vehicle has a front passenger air bag. Never put a
rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in a
rear seat.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-67. See Top Strap
on page 1-64 if the child restraint has one.
1-78
A rear seat is a safer place to secure a forward-facing
child restraint. If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat, you will be using the
lap-shoulder belt to secure the child restraint in this
position. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with
the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger’s
air bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint. See
Manual Seats on page 1-3 or Six-Way Power Seats
on page 1-4.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or around
the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-79
5. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
1-80
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. You may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or
larger child passenger.
Built-In Child Restraint
60/40 Bench Seat
Bucket Seat
If your vehicle has this option in a bucket seat, each
bucket seat that has the built-in child restraint fits in only
one location in your vehicle. To find out where a
bucket seat that has a built-in child restraint must be
located in your vehicle see Rear Seat Operation
on page 1-6. If your vehicle has this option in a 60/40
bench seat, this bench seat will only fit in the second
row of your vehicle. In both types of seats, the built-in
child restraint works the same way.
1-81
This child restraint system conforms to all applicable
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
Each child restraint is designed for use only by children
who weigh between 22 and 40 pounds (10 and 18 kg),
whose height is between 33.5 and 40 inches (850 and
1 016 mm), whose shoulders are below the shoulder belt
slots for the harness system, and who are capable of
sitting upright alone.
The child should also be at least one year old. It is
important to use a rear-facing infant restraint until the
child is at least one year old. A rear-facing restraint gives
the infant’s head, neck and body the support they
would need in a crash. See Older Children on page 1-53
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-56.
A child whose weight is over 40 pounds, whose height
is over 40 inches or whose shoulders are above the
shoulder belt slots for the harness system, should
be restrained in an add-on booster seat appropriate for
the child’s size. See Child Restraint Systems on
page 1-60. Once the booster seat is outgrown, the child
should sit on the vehicle’s regular seat and use the
vehicle’s safety belts.
1-82
{CAUTION:
Using the vehicle’s built-in child restraint as a
booster seat for a larger child could cause
injury to the child in a sudden stop or crash. A
child whose weight is over 40 pounds, whose
height is over 40 inches or whose shoulders are
above the shoulder belt slots for the harness
system should use a restraint system that is
appropriate for their size, either an add-on
booster seat or the vehicle’s safety belt. See
“Child Restraints” or “Older Children” in the
Index.
Securing a Child in the Built-In Child
Restraint
1. Raise the head restraint until the lower edge of the
head restraint is even with the top of the seatback.
2. Rotate the head restraint rearward until it touches
the top of the seatback. Make sure there is no gap
between the lower edge of the head restraint
and the top of the seatback.
1-83
3. Lower the child restraint cushion.
1-84
You will be using the child restraint’s harness (A) to
secure your child. Do not use the vehicle’s safety
belts.
{CAUTION:
Using the vehicle’s regular safety belts on a
child seated on the built-in child restraint
cushion can cause serious injury to the child
in a sudden stop or crash. Secure the child
using the built-in child restraint’s harness.
WARNING: FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE
MANUFACTURER’S INSTRUCTIONS ON THE USE
OF THIS CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEM CAN RESULT
IN YOUR CHILD STRIKING THE VEHICLE’S
INTERIOR DURING A SUDDEN STOP OR CRASH.
SNUGLY ADJUST THE BELTS PROVIDED WITH THIS
CHILD RESTRAINT AROUND YOUR CHILD.
4. Before placing the child in the child restraint, add
slack to the shoulder harness. Pull the black
shoulder harness release strap firmly. At the same
time pull both shoulder harness straps through
the slots in the seatback as shown.
5. Place the child on the child restraint cushion.
1-85
9. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
6. Select only one side of the harness. Place the
harness over the child’s shoulder.
7. Push the latch plate (B) into the buckle until
it clicks.
Be sure the buckle is free of any foreign objects
that may prevent you from securing the latch plates.
If you can not secure a latch plate, see your
dealer for service before using the child restraint.
8. Place the other side of the harness over the child’s
shoulder.
1-86
10. Pull up on the latch plates to make sure they are
secure.
{CAUTION:
A built-in child restraint harness that is not
properly adjusted can cause injury to the child
in a sudden stop or collision. A harness that is
loose, twisted, worn improperly or improperly
fastened will not be able to restrain the child’s
upper body. Make sure the harness is adjusted
correctly. Fastening the clip is not a substitute
for adjusting the harness so that it is snug.
11. Now fasten the left and right halves of the shoulder
harness clip together. The clip can be easily pulled
apart and is designed to pull apart during a collision.
1-87
12. Pull the shoulder harness adjustment strap (C)
firmly until the harness is snugly adjusted around
the child. You should not be able to put more than
two fingers between the harness and the child’s
chest. Make sure the harness and buckle strap are
not twisted.
1-88
13. Adjust the position of the harness on the child’s
shoulder by moving the clip along the harness until it
is level with the child’s armpits. On each side of the
harness, the shoulder part should be centered on the
child’s shoulder. The harness should be away from
the child’s face and neck, but not falling from the
child’s shoulders.
If you expect that the child will sleep while riding,
you can recline the seatback. See Split Bench Seats
on page 1-8 or Bucket Seats on page 1-14.
Removing the Child from the Built-In
Child Restraint
2. Unlatch the harness by pushing the button on the
buckle.
1. Unfasten the shoulder harness clip.
3. Move one side of the harness off the child’s
shoulder.
4. Move the other side of the harness off the child’s
shoulder.
5. Remove the child from the child restraint cushion.
1-89
Storing the Built-In Child Restraint
Always properly store the built-in child restraint before
using the vehicle’s lap-shoulder belt.
2. Fold the child restraint cushion and leg rest up into
the seatback.
3. Press the child restraint cushion firmly into the
seatback.
1. Move both latch plates and both sides of the
shoulder harness clip to the bottom of the harness
straps.
1-90
4. Then press the leg rest firmly into the seatback,
and secure it by pressing the upper corners
against the fastener strips on the seatback.
5. Rotate the head restraint forward and push it all the
way down.
Just like the other restraint systems in your vehicle, your
built-in child restraint needs to be periodically checked
and may need to have parts replaced after a crash. See
Checking Your Restraint Systems on page 1-102 and
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a Crash on
page 1-103.
1-91
Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact air bag
systems.
Your vehicle has air bags – a frontal air bag for the
driver and another frontal air bag for the right front
passenger. Your vehicle may also have side impact air
bags. Side impact air bags are available for the
driver and right front passenger.
If your vehicle has a side impact air bag for the driver
and/or the right front passenger, the words AIR BAG will
appear on the air bag covering on the side of the
seatback closest to the door.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag.
But these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their
job and comply with federal regulations.
1-92
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag systems:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash
if you are not wearing your safety belt – even if
you have air bags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being
ejected from it. Air bags are designed to work
with safety belts but do not replace them.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
The side impact air bags for the driver and
right front passenger are designed to inflate
only in moderate to severe crashes where
something hits the side of your vehicle. They
are not designed to inflate in frontal, in rollover
or in rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly – whether or not there is an air
bag for that person.
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to deploy only in
moderate to severe frontal and near frontal
crashes. They are not designed to inflate in
rollover, rear or low-speed frontal crashes, or in
many side crashes. And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal air bags may provide less
protection in frontal crashes than more forceful
air bags have provided in the past.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
1-93
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an eye.
If you are too close to an inflating air bag, as
you would be if you were leaning forward, it
could seriously injure you. Safety belts help
keep you in position for air bag inflation before
and during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt, even with frontal air bags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while still
maintaining control of the vehicle. Front
occupants should not lean on or sleep against
the door.
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer the best protection for adults, but
not for young children and infants.Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air bag
system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle. To read how,
see the part of this manual called “Older
Children” or “Infants and Young Children.”
1-94
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster,
which shows the air
bag symbol.
Where Are the Air Bags?
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Air Bag Readiness Light on page 3-41
for more information.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-95
The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
1-96
If your vehicle has one, the driver’s side impact air bag is
in the side of the driver’s seatback closest to the door.
{CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Do not put
anything between an occupant and an air bag,
and do not attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering. Do not let seat covers block the
inflation path of a side impact air bag.
If your vehicle has one, the right front passenger’s side
impact air bag is in the side of the passenger’s
seatback closest to the door.
1-97
When Should an Air Bag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.”
In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal air bags,
which adjust the amount of restraint according to crash
severity. For moderate frontal impacts, these air bags
inflate at a level less than full deployment. For more
severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs. If the front
of your vehicle goes straight into a wall that doesn’t move
or deform, the threshold level for the reduced deployment
is about 12 to 18 mph (19 to 29 km/h), and the threshold
level for a full deployment is about 18 to 24 mph (29 to
38.5 km/h). The threshold level can vary, however, with
specific vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above
or below this range.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be
higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not help the occupant.
1-98
Your vehicle may or may not have a side impact air
bag. See Air Bag Systems on page 1-92. Side impact air
bags are designed to inflate in moderate to severe
side crashes. A side impact air bag will inflate if
the crash severity is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” The threshold level can vary with
specific vehicle design. Side impact air bags are
not designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant. A side impact air bag will only deploy
on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
For frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down
in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact
air bags, inflation is determined by the location
and severity of the impact.
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate?
How Does an Air Bag Restrain?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For
both frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing
system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the air bag. The inflator, the air bag and
related hardware are all part of the air bag modules.
Frontal air bag modules are located inside the steering
wheel and instrument panel. For vehicles with side
impact air bags, the air bag modules are located in the
seatback closest to the driver’s and/or right front
passenger’s door.
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But the
frontal air bags would not help you in many types
of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts, and many
side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion
is not toward the air bag. Side impact air bags would not
help you in many types of collisions, including frontal
or near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded
as anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and
then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions for the driver’s and right front passenger’s
frontal air bags, and only in moderate to severe
side collisions for vehicles with a driver’s and right front
passenger’s side impact air bag.
1-99
What Will You See After an Air Bag
Inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module will be
hot for a short time. These components include the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s frontal air bag and the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s frontal
air bag. For vehicles with side impact air bags, the side
of the seatback closest to the driver’s and/or right
front passenger’s door will be hot. The parts of the bag
that come into contact with you may be warm, but
not too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
coming from the vents in the deflated air bags. Air
bag inflation does not prevent the driver from seeing or
being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop
people from leaving the vehicle.
1-100
{CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe
to do so. If you have breathing problems but
can not get out of the vehicle after an air bag
inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
window or a door. If you experience breathing
problems following an air bag deployment, you
should seek medical attention.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
• Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for
your air bag system. If you do not get them, the air
bag system will not be there to help protect you
in another crash. A new system will include air bag
modules and possibly other parts. The service
manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace
other parts.
• Your vehicle is equipped with two electronic frontal
sensors, which help the sensing system distinguish
between a moderate frontal impact and a more
severe frontal impact. Your vehicle is also equipped
with a crash sensing and diagnostic module,
which records information about the frontal air bag
system. The module records information about
the readiness of the system, when the system
commands air bag inflation and driver’s safety belt
usage at deployment. The module also records
speed, engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
• Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
systems. Improper service can mean that an air
bag system will not work properly. See your dealer
for service.
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s
or the right front passenger’s air bag, or the air
bag covering on the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seatback, the air bag may not work
properly. You may have to replace the air bag
module in the steering wheel, both the air bag
module and the instrument panel for the right front
passenger’s air bag, or both the air bag module
and seatback for the driver’s and right front
passenger’s side impact air bag. Do not open or
break the air bag coverings.
1-101
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service
manual have information about servicing your vehicle
and the air bag systems. To purchase a service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 7-13.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an
air bag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are close to
an air bag when it inflates. Avoid yellow
connectors. They are probably part of the air
bag system. Be sure to follow proper service
procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
1-102
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. If your vehicle
has a built-in child restraint, also periodically make sure
the harness straps, latch plates, buckle, clip, child
head restraint and anchorages are working properly.
Look for any other loose or damaged safety belt system
parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety
belt system from doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
If your vehicle has the built-in child restraint, torn or
frayed harness straps can rip apart under impact forces
just like torn or frayed safety belts can. They may not
protect a child in a crash. If a harness strap is torn
or frayed, get a new harness right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system may
not properly protect the person using it,
resulting in serious injury or even death in a
crash. To help make sure your restraint
systems are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you have had a crash, do you need new safety belts or
built-in child restraint parts or LATCH system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the safety belts or built-in child restraint harness
straps were stretched, as they would be if worn during a
more severe crash, then you need new parts.
If safety belts or built-in child restraint harness straps are
cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage also
may mean you will need to have safety belt, built-in child
restraint, LATCH system or seat parts repaired or
replaced. New parts and repairs may be necessary even
if the safety belt, built-in child restraint or LATCH system
was not being used at the time of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you will need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
If the frontal air bags inflate, you will also need to replace
the driver’s and right front passenger’s safety belt buckle
assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new buckle
assembly will be there to help protect you in a collision.
After a crash you may need to replace the driver and
front passenger’s safety belt buckle assemblies, even if
the frontal air bags have not deployed. The driver
and front passenger’s safety belt buckle assemblies
contain the safety belt pretensioners. Have your safety
belt pretensioners checked if your vehicle has been
in a collision, or if your air bag readiness light stays on
after you start your vehicle or while you are driving.
See Air Bag Readiness Light on page 3-41.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, then you may need new LATCH
system parts.
1-103
✍ NOTES
1-104
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ...............................................................2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System .........................2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ...........2-5
Doors and Locks .............................................2-9
Door Locks ....................................................2-9
Power Door Locks ........................................2-10
Last Door Closed Locking ..............................2-11
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ..............2-12
Lockout Protection ........................................2-13
Leaving Your Vehicle ....................................2-13
Dual Sliding Doors ........................................2-13
Power Sliding Door (PSD) ..............................2-16
Liftgate ........................................................2-22
Windows ........................................................2-24
Manual Windows ..........................................2-24
Power Windows ............................................2-25
Side Window Latches ....................................2-25
Power Rear Quarter Windows ........................2-26
Sun Visors ...................................................2-26
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................2-27
Content Theft-Deterrent .................................2-27
PASS-Key® III ..............................................2-29
PASS-Key® III Operation ...............................2-29
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................2-31
New Vehicle Break-In ....................................2-31
Ignition Positions ..........................................2-32
Starting Your Engine .....................................2-33
Engine Coolant Heater ..................................2-34
Automatic Transaxle Operation .......................2-36
Parking Brake ..............................................2-39
Shifting Into Park (P) .....................................2-40
Shifting Out of Park (P) .................................2-42
Parking Over Things That Burn .......................2-43
Engine Exhaust ............................................2-43
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....2-44
Mirrors ...........................................................2-45
Manual Rearview Mirror .................................2-45
Outside Power Mirrors ...................................2-45
Outside Convex Mirror ...................................2-46
Outside Heated Mirrors ..................................2-46
OnStar® System .............................................2-47
HomeLink® Transmitter ...................................2-48
Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter .........2-49
2-1
Section 2
Features and Controls
Storage Areas ................................................2-52
Glove Box ...................................................2-52
Cupholder(s) ................................................2-53
Compact Overhead Console ...........................2-53
Overhead Console ........................................2-54
Front Seat Storage Net .................................2-56
Luggage Carrier ...........................................2-56
Rear Storage Area ........................................2-58
Convenience Net ..........................................2-58
Convenience Center ......................................2-59
2-2
Vehicle Personalization ...................................2-62
Entering Programming Mode ..........................2-62
Delayed Illumination and Exit Lighting ..............2-63
Automatic Door Locks ...................................2-64
Last Door Locking and Lockout Deterrent .........2-65
Remote Driver Unlock Control ........................2-66
Remote Lock and Unlock Confirmation .............2-67
Content Theft-Deterrent System ......................2-68
Arming and Disarming the Content
Theft-Deterrent System ...............................2-69
Exiting Programming Mode .............................2-71
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. They
could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. The
children or others could be badly injured or
even killed. Do not leave the keys in a vehicle
with children.
2-3
Your vehicle’s key can be used for the ignition as well
as the driver’s door lock and storage compartments.
If you need a new key, contact your dealer, who
can obtain the correct key code.
Your vehicle has the PASS-Key® III vehicle theft
system. The key has a transponder in the key head that
matches a decoder in the vehicle’s steering column.
If a replacement key or any additional key is needed,
you must purchase this key from your dealer. The
key will have PK3 stamped on it. Keep the bar code tag
that came with the original keys. Give this tag to your
dealer if you need a new key made.
Any new PASS-Key® III key must be programmed
before it will start your vehicle. See PASS-Key® III on
page 2-29 for more information on programming
your new key.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle,
you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
If you ever do get locked out of your vehicle, see
Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6 for more
information.
If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStar® system with
an active subscription and you lock your keys inside
the vehicle, OnStar® may be able to send a command to
unlock your vehicle. See OnStar® System on page 2-47
for more information.
2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System
If equipped, the keyless entry system operates on a
radio frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the
left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
You can lock and unlock
your doors and the liftgate
from about 3 feet (1 m)
up to 30 feet (9 m)
away using the remote
keyless entry transmitter
supplied with your vehicle.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement” under
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on
page 2-5.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
UNLOCK: When you press UNLOCK on the remote
keyless entry transmitter, only the driver’s door will
unlock. If you press UNLOCK again within five seconds,
all the doors and the liftgate will unlock. If you would
like all the doors to unlock the first time you press
UNLOCK, see Vehicle Personalization on page 2-62.
2-5
With the content theft-deterrent system, the UNLOCK
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter will
disarm the system. See Content Theft-Deterrent on
page 2-27 for more details.
When you use your remote keyless entry transmitter to
unlock your vehicle or to operate the power sliding
door(s), the parking lamps will flash to let you know the
command was received.
If you would like to change the way the parking lamps
operate with remote unlock confirmation, see Vehicle
Personalization on page 2-62.
LOCK: To lock all doors, press LOCK on the remote
keyless entry transmitter. See Power Door Locks
on page 2-10 for more details on the power door lock
features. With the content theft-deterrent system,
the LOCK button may arm the system. See Content
Theft-Deterrent on page 2-27 for more details.
2-6
When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
lock your vehicle, the parking lamps will flash to let you
know the command has been received. If you press
the LOCK button again, within five seconds, the horn will
sound and the parking lamps will flash to let you
know the vehicle is already locked.
If you would like to change the way the parking lamps
and horn operate with remote lock confirmation,
see Vehicle Personalization on page 2-62.
Remote Alarm
When you press the horn button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter, the parking lamps will flash and the
horn will sound. This will allow you to attract attention,
if needed.
Press this button again to stop the alarm from sounding.
Remote Power Sliding Door Operation
If your vehicle has the power sliding door, your
remote keyless entry transmitter will have a button that
has a van symbol on it. Press it to open or close the
sliding door. See Power Sliding Door (PSD) on
page 2-16.
If your vehicle has the dual power sliding doors, your
remote keyless entry transmitter will have two buttons
that have a van symbol on them. The van symbol on the
left is for the driver’s side sliding door and the van
symbol on the right is for the passenger’s side sliding
door. See Power Sliding Door (PSD) on page 2-16.
If the power sliding door(s) is locked, first unlock
all doors, then press the van symbol to open the power
sliding door(s). The parking lamps will flash when
the right button with the van symbol is pressed and they
will not flash when the left button with the van symbol
is pressed. Press the van symbol again to close
the sliding door(s). See Power Sliding Door (PSD) on
page 2-16 for more information.
If your vehicle’s fuel filler door is opened, the driver’s side
power sliding door will not open completely. Do not try to
force the door. Once the fuel filler door is closed, the
driver’s side sliding door can be opened normally.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock
your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four
transmitters matched to it.
See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.
You can operate the power sliding door(s) with the
remote keyless entry transmitter only when the power
sliding door override switch(es) on the overhead console
is turned off. See Power Sliding Door (PSD) on
page 2-16.
2-7
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about three years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter will not
work at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it is probably time to change the battery.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
transmitter.
1. Insert a flat object, such as a coin, into the slot on
the side of the transmitter and twist it to separate
the halves.
2. Gently pry the battery out of the transmitter. Do not
use the metal flanges to pop out the battery.
3. Replace the battery.
4. Reassemble the transmitter. Make sure the halves
are snapped together tightly so water will not get in.
5. Press and hold the LOCK and UNLOCK buttons for
seven seconds to synchronize the transmitter.
6. Check the transmitter operation.
2-8
Doors and Locks
Door Locks
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers — especially children — can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
handle will not open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle
in a crash if the doors are not locked. So,
wear safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
• Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
help prevent this from happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use your key or the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
To unlock the driver’s door from the outside with the
key, insert the key and turn it toward the front of
the vehicle. If your vehicle has power door locks, you
may be able to unlock all of the doors and the liftgate by
inserting the key, turning it toward the front of the
vehicle, and holding it there for one second. To lock the
driver’s door from the outside with your key, insert
the key and turn it toward the rear of the vehicle. If your
vehicle has power door locks, you may be able to
lock all of the doors when you insert the key and turn it
toward the rear of the vehicle.
2-9
Power Door Locks
From the inside, use the manual or power door locks.
To unlock either front door from the inside, pull back on
the manual lever. To lock either front door from the
inside, push the manual lever forward.
2-10
From the inside, press the front of the power door lock
switch, located on either front door, to unlock all
doors and the liftgate. With the content theft-deterrent
system, the power door lock switch will not unlock
the doors until the system is disarmed. See Content
Theft-Deterrent on page 2-27 for more details.
You can lock all doors and the liftgate from the inside by
pressing the rear of the power lock switch on either front
door. With the content theft-deterrent system, the power
door lock switch may cause the system to arm. See
Content Theft-Deterrent on page 2-27 for more details.
Also, when the doors are locked with the power door
locks, the inside as well as the outside door handle
cannot open the doors. This safety feature prevents a
door from being accidentally opened from the inside
by moving the handle.
To override this safety feature, unlock the door you
want to open.
If the liftgate has been unlocked with the power door
locks, you will not need the key to open it. Squeeze the
handle located above the license plate to open the
liftgate. This is also true if you use the remote keyless
entry transmitter. See Remote Keyless Entry System on
page 2-4.
Last Door Closed Locking
The last door closed locking feature will delay the power
locking of the doors and liftgate for up to five seconds
after exiting the vehicle, when the power door lock
switch or the lock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter is used to lock your vehicle.
To cancel this delay, press the power door lock switch
or the lock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter a second time immediately.
If any door or the liftgate is open when locking the
vehicle, three chimes will be heard signaling that last
door closed locking is being used. Five seconds after the
last door is closed, all of the doors will lock.
If the ignition is in RUN or ACCESSORY, this feature
will not lock the doors.
To turn the last door closed locking feature off or on,
see Vehicle Personalization on page 2-62.
2-11
Programmable Automatic Door
Locks
All of the doors will lock automatically when you move
your shift lever out of PARK (P). All doors will unlock
automatically when the ignition is turned off while
the shift lever is in PARK (P).
If someone needs to get out while you are not in
PARK (P), have that person use the manual lever or the
power door lock switch. When the door is closed
again, it will not lock automatically. Use the manual
lever or the power door lock switch to lock the door.
To change the way automatic door locks operate, see
Vehicle Personalization on page 2-62.
With the automatic door locks feature, you can lock or
unlock the doors at any time, either manually or
using the power door lock switches.
2-12
Sliding Door Delayed Locking
If either sliding door is open when you use the power
door locks to lock the vehicle, the sliding door that
is open will not lock. Normally the last door closed
locking feature will be used to lock the sliding door after
it has been closed.
When the ignition is on or if the last door closed locking
feature has been overridden or programmed to be
off, the sliding door delayed locking feature will lock your
sliding door for you. Three seconds after a sliding
door is closed, all the doors will lock.
Lockout Protection
Dual Sliding Doors
The lockout protection feature makes it difficult for you
to lock your keys in your vehicle. If the driver’s door
is open while the keys are in the ignition, a chime will
sound and you will not be able to use your power
door lock switch to lock the vehicle.
To open either sliding door from outside the vehicle, pull
the handle out and then pull the door toward the rear.
If you slide the door all the way back, the door will rest in
a detent position.
If you don’t leave the keys in the ignition or if you use the
manual door lock, you could still lock your keys in your
vehicle. Always remember to take your keys with you.
To turn this feature off or on, see Vehicle
Personalization on page 2-62.
To move the door forward, you must first pull the door
past the open detent position.
The driver’s side sliding door is designed to open only a
little if the fuel door is open. If this ever happens, don’t try
to force the sliding door. Just close the driver’s side
sliding door. Then when the fuel filler door is closed, the
driver’s side sliding door can be opened normally.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and set the locks from the inside. Then get out
and close the door.
2-13
Sliding Door Lock
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle is facing downward on a steep
grade (15 percent or more), the door may not
stay open and could slam shut, possibly
injuring someone. To make sure the door does
not slam shut be sure to hold it open until
everyone is clear of the door, and only then
allow it to slowly close.
2-14
Sliding Door Security Lock
Your vehicle is equipped with a sliding door security lock
that helps prevent young children or other passengers
from opening the sliding door(s) using the inside door
handle. To use one of these locks, do the following:
1. Open the sliding door.
2. On the inside of the
sliding door(s), on the
front edge of the
door will be a lock.
Push the lever
up to engage the lock.
Lock either sliding door from inside the vehicle by
moving the manual lever down. Unlock it by moving the
lever up.
With the power door locks, the sliding door lock has a
delay feature. See Power Door Locks on page 2-10 and
Vehicle Personalization on page 2-62.
3. Close the door.
4. Repeat Steps 1 through 3 for the other door.
2-15
If your vehicle has the power sliding door(s), you can
override the security lock by pressing either power door
lock switch while the power sliding door override
switch(es) is turned off. If the power sliding door override
switch(es) is turned on, the power sliding door(s)
cannot be opened from the inside while the sliding door
security lock is in use.
If you want to open the sliding door while the security
lock is on, unlock and open the door from the outside.
You should let adults and older children know how
the security lock works, and how to cancel the lock. If
you don’t, adults or older children who ride in the
rear won’t be able to open the sliding door from the
inside while the security lock feature is in use.
Canceling the Sliding Door
Security Lock
1. Unlock the sliding door and open the door from the
outside.
2. Push the security lock lever all the way down.
3. Close the door.
4. Repeat Steps 1 through 3 for the other door.
The sliding door lock will now work normally.
2-16
Power Sliding Door (PSD)
If your vehicle has this feature, you can open and close
the sliding door(s) using the switches inside of your
vehicle. You can also operate the power sliding door(s)
with your remote keyless entry transmitter. See
Remote Keyless Entry System on page 2-4.
{CAUTION:
Leaving your children or pets unattended in
your vehicle can be dangerous. They could
operate the power sliding door. A child or
others could be injured. Do not leave children
or pets unattended in your vehicle.
To help avoid accidental operation of the sliding door(s),
press the part of the power sliding door override
switch(es) with the don’t symbol.
To open or close the sliding door(s), press and release
one of the following power door switches.
If you have the dual sliding
doors, your vehicle has
these switches. The left
switch is for the driver’s
side power sliding door and
the right switch is for the
passenger’s side sliding
door. The power sliding
door and the power sliding
door override is one switch.
Power Sliding Door
Power Sliding Door
Override
If you have the one power sliding door, these switches
are located in the overhead console switchbank.
Press the part of the switch(es) with the “don’t” symbol
to turn the power to the sliding door(s) off. When
the power sliding door(s) is off, you will not be able to
open the door(s) by using the power sliding door
switch(es) located on the overhead console switchbank,
the switch in front of the driver’s or the passenger’s
side sliding door, or the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Notice: If you leave the power sliding door on when
you go through an automatic car wash, the door may
accidentally open. Be sure the power sliding door is
turned off when going through a car wash.
2-17
This switch is in front of the
driver’s or the passenger’s
side sliding door.
{CAUTION:
If you shift the transaxle out of PARK (P) and
accelerate before the power sliding door
latches closed, the door may reverse to the
open position. A child or others could fall out
of the vehicle and be injured. Always make
sure the power sliding door is closed and
latched before you drive away.
The power sliding door override switch(es) will also stop
the door(s) immediately, while the door(s) is opening
or closing, when the override switch(es) is turned on.
The power sliding door(s) will only open if the transaxle
is in PARK (P). The transaxle does not have to be in
PARK (P) to close the door(s).
If the power sliding door(s) is open or in the process of
closing when you shift out of PARK (P), a buzzer
will sound. This is a warning that the sliding door(s) is
not completely closed.
If the power to the sliding door(s) is turned off, the
buzzer will not sound indicating the door(s) is not
completely closed.
2-18
The driver’s side sliding door is designed to open only a
little if the fuel door is open. If this ever happens, do
not try to force the sliding door. When the fuel filler door
is closed, the driver’s side sliding door can be opened
normally.
{CAUTION:
You or others could be injured if caught in the
path of the sliding door. Make sure the door
path is clear before closing the door.
If an object obstructs the power sliding door(s) while it is
closing, the door will automatically reverse to the
open position, provided it meets sufficient resistance.
Resistance must be as strong as the force of the closing
door, or stronger. The force of the closing door
increases significantly as the door approaches the
latched position.
If you want to open the power sliding door(s) when the
override switch(es) is turned off, pull the inside or
outside handle and let go. The door will open fully.
To open the power sliding door(s) when the power
sliding door override switch(es) is on, pull the inside or
outside handle and slide the door all the way back.
2-19
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle is facing downward on a steep
grade (15 percent or more), the door may not
stay open and could slam shut, possibly
injuring someone. To make sure the door does
not slam shut, turn on the power sliding door
feature. Then if the door closes, it will close
under the control of the power door system.
If you want to close the power sliding door(s) when the
override switch(es) is turned off, pull the inside or outside
handle or the edge of the door. Move the door about
4 inches (10 cm) toward the closed position and release
it. The door will close completely and latch for you.
To close the power sliding door(s) when the override
switch(es) is turned on, pull the inside or outside handle
and slide the door all the way forward to the latched
position.
2-20
Resetting the Power Sliding Door
The power sliding door may operate incorrectly or not at
all because of the following conditions:
• A low voltage or dead battery
• A disconnected battery
• If the instrument panel PWR/HEATED SEAT PSD
fuse or the underhood fuse 8, 27, or 29 are
removed or blown.
See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-96 for more
information about your fuse panel.
If any of these conditions occur, the power sliding door
will need to be reset. If your vehicle has the dual power
sliding doors, both doors will have to be reset. To reset a
door, do the following:
1. Check to be sure the power sliding door is unlocked
and securely closed.
2. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
3. If the power sliding door override is on, press the
textured end of the power sliding door override
switch to turn it off.
4. Remove fuse 29 from the underhood fuse block.
Leave it out for 30 seconds.
5. Reinstall the fuse and wait 10 seconds.
6. Turn the power sliding door override on by pressing
the end of the switch with the override symbol on it.
7. Press the power sliding door switch(es) to open the
power sliding door.
8. Open the door all of the way.
9. Wait five seconds and close the door by pressing
the power sliding door switch(es).
10. Wait five seconds and repeat Steps 7 through 9.
If the door does not rest in the fully open position after
repeating Step 7, repeat Steps 7 through 9 again. If
the door still does not operate correctly, see your dealer
for service.
2-21
Liftgate
To unlock or lock the liftgate from the outside, use the
remote keyless entry transmitter. For more information,
see Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on
page 2-5.
Open the liftgate using the handle located above the
license plate. Once slightly opened, the liftgate will rise
by itself. Lamps in the rear of the vehicle will come
on, illuminating the rear cargo area. See Interior Lamps
on page 3-14.
Notice: If you open the liftgate without checking for
overhead obstructions such as a garage door,
you could break the liftgate glass. Always check to
make sure the area above the liftgate is clear
before opening it.
2-22
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the liftgate
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even
death. If you must drive with the liftgate open
or if electrical wiring or other cable
connections must pass through the seal
between the body and the liftgate:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle. See Climate Control
System on page 3-21.
• If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-43.
To close the liftgate, pull down on the handle, then
firmly shut the liftgate. Don’t drive with the liftgate open,
even slightly. See Engine Exhaust on page 2-43.
A message in your instrument panel cluster will warn
you if the liftgate is not completely closed. See
Rear Hatch Ajar Warning Message on page 3-46.
2-23
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets in a
vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous.
They can be overcome by the extreme heat
and suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Never leave a child, a
helpless adult, or a pet alone in a vehicle,
especially with the windows closed in warm or
hot weather.
Manual Windows
Use the manual cranks to open and close the front
windows.
2-24
Power Windows
Express-Down Window
To activate the express-down feature, push the AUTO
switch all the way down to the second position, then
release it. The window will lower completely. To stop the
window from lowering all the way, pull up on the front
of the switch.
Side Window Latches
The rear of each side window swings open.
The switches on the driver’s door armrest control the
front windows when the ignition is in RUN,
ACCESSORY or when Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) is active. See “Retained Accessory Power (RAP)”
under Ignition Positions on page 2-32.
To open, pull the latch
forward to release it, then
swing the window outward.
Press the center of the
latch to secure the window
in the open position.
The driver’s power window switch has two down
positions. The first position lowers the window normally.
To raise the window, pull up the front of the switch.
To close, pull the center of the latch forward and then
close the latch. Press the center of the latch to
secure the window in the closed position.
2-25
Power Rear Quarter Windows
Your vehicle may have power rear quarter windows.
This switch, located in the
overhead console
switchbank, is used for
opening and closing
the power rear quarter
windows.
The ignition must be in RUN, ACCESSORY, or Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) must be active, to use the
power rear quarter windows. See “Retained Accessory
Power (RAP)” under Ignition Positions on page 2-32.
Sun Visors
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You
can also remove them from the center mount and
swing them to the side.
Visor Vanity Mirror
Your vehicle may have a visor vanity mirror. Pull down
the sun visor to access the vanity mirror.
Lighted Vanity Mirror
Press the textured part of the switch to open the
windows; both windows will open. The windows will
continue to open as long as the switch is pressed, until
they are fully opened.
Press the part of the switch with the symbol to close
both windows. The windows can be closed fully or
partially, depending on how long the switch is pressed.
2-26
Your vehicle may have a lighted vanity mirror. Pull down
the sun visor and flip up the cover to expose the
vanity mirror. The lamps will come on when you flip up
the cover.
Theft-Deterrent Systems
While armed, the doors will not unlock with the power
door lock switch.
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal.
Once armed, the alarm will go off if someone tries to
enter the vehicle without using the remote keyless entry
transmitter or a key, or turns the ignition to ON. The
horn will sound and the parking lamps will flash for up to
two minutes.
Content Theft-Deterrent
Your vehicle may have a theft-deterrent alarm system.
When the alarm is armed, the liftgate may be opened
with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Arming with the Power Lock Switch
Your alarm system will arm when you use either power
door lock switch to lock the doors while any door or
the liftgate is open and the key is removed from
the ignition. If you would like to turn on power door lock
switch arming, see Vehicle Personalization on
page 2-62.
A light located on top of your instrument panel, near the
center of the vehicle next to the windshield, will flash
slowly to let you know that the system has been armed.
When the security light flashes quickly the system is
ready to arm with the power door lock switches.
Then the security light will stop flashing and stay on
when you press the rear of the power door lock switch,
to let you know the system is arming. After all doors
and the liftgate are closed and locked, the security light
will begin flashing at a very slow rate to let you know
the system is armed.
2-27
Arming with the Remote Keyless Entry
Transmitter
Your alarm system will arm when you use your remote
keyless entry transmitter to lock the doors, if the key
is not in the ignition. The security light will turn on to let
you know the system is arming. After all doors and
the liftgate are closed and locked, the security light will
begin flashing at a very slow rate to let you know
the system is armed.
Arming with Your Key
Your alarm system will arm when you use your key to
lock the driver’s door. The security light will turn on to let
you know the system is arming. After all doors and
the liftgate are closed and locked, the security light will
begin flashing at a very slow rate to let you know
the system is armed. If you would like your key not to
arm the system, see Vehicle Personalization on
page 2-62.
2-28
Arming Confirmation
If remote unlock confirmation is on, your parking lamps
will flash briefly to let you know when your alarm
system has disarmed. If you would not like the parking
lamps to flash, see Vehicle Personalization on
page 2-62.
Disarming with the Remote Keyless
Entry Transmitter
Your alarm system will disarm when you use your
remote keyless entry transmitter to unlock the doors.
The security light will stop flashing to let you know the
system is no longer armed.
Disarming with Your Key
Your alarm system will disarm when you use your key
to unlock the driver’s door. The security light will
stop flashing to let you know the system is no longer
armed. If you would like your key not to disarm the alarm
system, see Vehicle Personalization on page 2-62.
PASS-Key® III
Your PASS-Key® III system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. this device may not cause harmful interference, and
2. this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. this device may not cause interference, and
2. this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
PASS-Key® III uses a radio frequency transponder in
the key that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
PASS-Key® III Operation
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key® III
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key® III is a passive
theft deterrent system. This
means you do not have to
do anything different to arm
or disarm the system. It
works when you insert or
remove the key from the
ignition.
When the PASS-Key® III system senses that someone
is using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s
starter and fuel systems. The starter will not work and
fuel will stop being delivered to the engine. Anyone
using a trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will be
discouraged because of the high number of electrical
key codes.
If the engine does not start and the security message
comes on, the key may have a damaged transponder.
Turn the ignition off and try again.
2-29
If the engine still does not start, and the key appears to
be undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time,
you may also want to check the instrument panel PASS
KEY fuse. If the engine still does not start with the
other key, your vehicle needs service. If your vehicle
does start, the first key may be faulty. See your dealer or
a locksmith who can service the PASS-Key® III to
have a new key made. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers
on page 5-96.
It is possible for the PASS-Key® III decoder to learn the
transponder value of a new or replacement key. Up
to 10 additional keys may be programmed for the
vehicle. This procedure is for learning additional keys
only. If all the currently programmed keys are lost or do
not operate, you must see your dealer or a locksmith
who can service PASS-Key® III to have keys made and
programmed to the system.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III to get a new key blank that is cut exactly
as the ignition key that operates the system.
Canadian Owners: If you lose or damage your keys,
only a GM dealer can service PASS-Key® III to
have new keys made. To program additional keys you
will need two current driver’s keys, black in color.
You must add a step to the following procedure. After
Step 3, repeat Steps 1 through 3 with the second current
driver’s key. Then continue with Step 4.
2-30
To program the new key, do the following:
1. Verify the new key has PK3 stamped on it.
2. Insert the ignition key in the ignition and start the
engine. If the engine will not start, see your dealer
for service.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to OFF
and remove the key.
4. Insert the key to be programmed and turn it to RUN
within 10 seconds of removing the previous key.
5. The security message will turn off once the key has
been programmed. It may not be apparent that the
security message went on due to how quickly
the key is programmed.
6. Repeat Steps 1 through 4 if additional keys are to
be programmed.
If you are ever driving and the security message comes
on and stays on, you will be able to restart your
engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key® III system,
however, is not working properly and must be serviced
by your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the
PASS-Key® III system at this time.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key® III key, see your
dealer or a locksmith who can service PASS-Key® III to
have a new key made.
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long run
if you follow these guidelines:
• Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time your new
brake linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops
with new linings can mean premature wear
and earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new brake
linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See Towing
a Trailer on page 4-41 for more information.
• Do not drive at any one speed — fast or
slow — for the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not
make full-throttle starts.
2-31
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition, you can turn it to five
different positions.
Notice: Using a tool to force the key from the
ignition switch could cause damage or break the
key. Use the correct key and turn the key only with
your hand. Make sure the key is all the way in. If
none of this works, then your vehicle needs service.
C (OFF): This position unlocks the ignition and
transaxle, but does not send power to any accessories.
Use this position if your vehicle must be pushed or
towed, but never try to push-start your vehicle.
D (RUN): This is the position to which the switch
returns after you start your engine and release the
ignition key. This is the position for driving. Even when
the engine is not running, you can use RUN to
operate your electrical accessories and to display some
instrument panel warning lights.
E (START): This position starts the engine. When the
engine starts, release the ignition key. The switch
will return to RUN for normal driving.
A (ACCESSORY): This is the position in which you can
operate your electrical accessories. Press in the ignition
switch as you turn the top of the key toward you.
B (LOCK): This is the only position from which you can
remove the key. This position locks your ignition and
transaxle.
2-32
If the engine is not running, ACCESSORY and RUN are
positions that allow you to operate your electrical
accessories, such as the radio.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
With RAP, the power windows, power rear quarter
windows, audio system and the automatic level control
will continue to work up to 10 minutes after the ignition
key is turned to OFF and none of the doors are opened.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine will not start in any other position – that is
a safety feature. To restart when you are already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Shifting into PARK (P) with the vehicle
moving could damage the transaxle. Shift into
PARK (P) only when your vehicle is stopped.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as
your engine warms up.
Notice: Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid draining
your battery or damaging your starter.
3. If your engine still will not start, or starts but then
stops, it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for a maximum of 15 seconds. This clears
the extra gasoline from the engine. If the engine
still will not start, or starts briefly but then stops
again, repeat Step 1 or 2, depending on the
temperature. When the engine starts, release the
key and the accelerator pedal.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine
might not perform properly.
2. If the engine does not start in 10 seconds, push the
accelerator pedal about one-quarter of the way down
while you turn the key to START. Do this until the
engine starts. As soon as it does, let go of the key.
2-33
Engine Coolant Heater
2-34
Your vehicle may have an engine coolant heater. In
very cold weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting
and better fuel economy during engine warm-up.
Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a
minimum of four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
At temperatures above 32°F (0°C), use of the coolant
heater is not required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The
electrical cord is located on the driver’s side of the
engine compartment.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
{CAUTION:
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away from
moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could be
damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord could overheat
and cause a fire. You could be seriously
injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will
not reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
2-35
Automatic Transaxle Operation
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever – push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then move
the shift lever into the gear you wish. See Shifting Out
of Park (P) on page 2-42.
{CAUTION:
Maximum engine speed is limited when you are in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N), to protect driveline
components from improper operation.
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
PARK (P): This gear position locks your front wheels.
It is the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle cannot move easily.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before starting
the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle
shift lock control system. You have to fully apply
your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P)
when the ignition key is in RUN. As you step on the
brake pedal while in PARK (P), you may hear a
click from the solenoid of the system. This ensures that
the system is operating properly.
2-36
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To
be sure your vehicle will not move, even when
you are on fairly level ground, always set your
parking brake and move the shift lever to
PARK (P). See Shifting Into Park (P) on
page 2-40. If you are pulling a trailer, see
Towing a Trailer on page 4-41.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage the transaxle.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see If
You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on
page 4-32.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does not
connect with the wheels. To restart when you are
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed is dangerous. Unless
your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your
vehicle could move very rapidly. You could
lose control and hit people or objects. Do not
shift into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
with the engine racing may damage the transaxle.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Be sure the engine is not racing when shifting
your vehicle.
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D): This position is for
normal driving. If you need more power for passing,
and you are:
• Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You will shift down to the next gear and have
more power.
Notice: Driving your vehicle if you notice that it is
moving slowly or not shifting gears as you
increase speed may damage the transaxle. Have
your vehicle serviced right away. You can drive in
SECOND (2) when you are driving less than 35 mph
(55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) for
higher speeds until then.
2-37
Warm-Up Shift
Your vehicle has a computer controlled transaxle
designed to warm up the engine faster when the outside
temperature is 35°F (2°C) or colder. You may notice
that the transaxle will shift at a higher vehicle speed until
the engine is warmed up. This is a normal condition
designed to provide heat to the passenger compartment
and defrost the windows more quickly. See Climate
Control System on page 3-21 for more information.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal driving,
but it offers more power and lower fuel economy than
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D).
Here are some times you might choose THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D):
• When driving on hilly, winding roads
• When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears
• When going down a steep hill
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy than THIRD (3). You can use
SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your speed as
you go down steep mountain roads, but then you
would also want to use your brakes off and on.
2-38
Notice: Driving in SECOND (2) for more than
25 miles (40 km) or at speeds over 55 mph (90 km/h)
may damage the transaxle. Also, shifting into
SECOND (2) at speeds above 65 mph (105 km/h) can
cause damage. Drive in THIRD (3) or AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D) instead of SECOND (2).
Notice: If your vehicle seems to start up rather
slowly, or if it seems not to shift gears as you go
faster, something may be wrong with a transaxle
system sensor. If you drive very far that way, your
vehicle can be damaged. So, if this happens, have
your vehicle serviced right away. Until then, you can
use SECOND (2) when you are driving less than
35 mph (55 km/h) and THIRD (3) for higher speeds.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power but
lower fuel economy than SECOND (2). You can use it
on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the
shift lever is put in FIRST (1), the transaxle will not
downshift into first gear until the vehicle is going slow
enough.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle in
one place on a hill using only the accelerator
pedal may damage the transaxle. If you are stuck,
do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill,
use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
Parking Brake
The parking brake is
located under the
instrument panel on the
driver’s side of the vehicle.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot while you push down on
the parking brake pedal with your left foot. To release
the tension on the parking brake cable, you will need to
apply about the same amount of pressure to the
parking brake pedal as you did when you set the parking
brake. When you remove your foot from the parking
brake pedal, it will pop up to the released position.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause premature
wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that
the parking brake is fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot and push down on the parking
brake pedal with your left foot.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see Towing a Trailer on page 4-41. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will
come on. See Brake System Warning Light on
page 3-35.
2-39
Shifting Into Park (P)
2. To move the shift lever into PARK (P), do the
following:
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. If
you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground, use
the steps that follow. If you are pulling a trailer,
see Towing a Trailer on page 4-41.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake with your left foot.
2-40
2.1. Pull the lever toward you.
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{CAUTION:
2.2. Move the lever up as far as it will go.
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could be injured. Do not leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After you
have moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move
the shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it
toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever
was not fully locked into PARK (P).
2-41
Torque Lock
Shifting Out of Park (P)
If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called torque lock.
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into Park (P)
on page 2-40.
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system which locks the shift lever in PARK (P)
when the ignition is in the OFF position. In addition, you
must fully apply your regular brakes before you can
shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is in the
RUN position. See Automatic Transaxle Operation on
page 2-36.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever and push the shift lever all the way up into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then,
move the shift lever into the gear you want.
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift
out of PARK (P), do the following:
1. Turn the ignition key to the OFF position.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift the transaxle to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the engine and then shift to the gear
you want.
5. Have the system fixed as soon as you can.
2-42
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
{CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can not see
or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and
death.
{CAUTION:
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
• Your vehicle was damaged when driving
over high points on the road or over road
debris.
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not
park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other
things that can burn.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-43
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
Engine Exhaust on page 2-43.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the climate control fan is at the highest setting.
One place this can happen is a garage.
Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.
NEVER park in a garage with the engine
running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard. See
Winter Driving on page 4-28.
2-44
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle will not move, even when you are on
fairly level ground, always set your parking
brake and move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will not
move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-40.
If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-41.
Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror
To reduce glare from lights behind you, pull the lever
toward you to the night position. To return the mirror to
the day position, push the lever away from you.
Outside Power Mirrors
The control located on the
driver’s door operates both
outside rearview mirrors.
Then use the control to adjust each mirror so that you
can see a little of the side of your vehicle and the
area beside and behind your vehicle when you are
sitting in a comfortable driving position.
If you are not adjusting either mirror, leave the control in
the center off position. This prevents moving the
mirrors accidentally once you have them adjusted.
Both outside mirrors can be folded forward or rearward.
In the rearward position, they will fold almost flush
with the vehicle. This feature is particularly useful in
automatic car washes.
Turn the control counterclockwise to select the driver’s
side rearview mirror, or clockwise to select the
passenger’s side rearview mirror.
2-45
Outside Convex Mirror
Outside Heated Mirrors
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
If your vehicle has the outside rearview mirrors, they are
heated when you activate the rear window defogger.
See “Rear Window Defogger” in Climate Control System
on page 3-21.
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
2-46
OnStar® System
OnStar® Services
One of the following plans is normally included for a
specific duration with each vehicle equipped with
OnStar®. You can upgrade or extend your OnStar®
service plan to meet your needs.
Your vehicle may be equipped with the OnStar®
System. OnStar® uses global positioning system (GPS)
satellite technology, wireless communications, and
call centers to provide you with a wide range of safety,
security, information and convenience services.
A complete OnStar® user’s guide and the terms and
conditions of the OnStar® Subscription Service
Agreement are included in your vehicle’s glove box
literature. For more information, visit www.onstar.com,
contact OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827),
or press the blue OnStar® button to speak to an
OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
A completed Subscription Service Agreement is required
prior to delivery of OnStar® services and prepaid
calling minutes are also required for OnStar® Personal
Calling and OnStar® Virtual Advisor use. Terms and
conditions of the Subscription Service Agreement can be
found at www.onstar.com.
Safe and Sound Plan
• Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
• Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Assistance
• AccidentAssist
• Remote Door Unlock
• Remote Diagnostics
• Online Concierge
Directions and Connections Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan services
• Route Support
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
2-47
Luxury and Leisure Plan
• All Directions and Connections Plan services
• Personal Concierge
HomeLink® Transmitter
OnStar® Personal Calling
With OnStar® Personal Calling, you have a safer way to
stay connected while driving. It’s a hands-free wireless
phone that’s integrated into your vehicle. You can place
calls nationwide using voice-activated dialing with no
contracts and no additional roaming charges. To find out
more about OnStar® Personal Calling, refer to the
OnStar® user’s guide in your vehicle’s glove box, or call
OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
®
OnStar Virtual Advisor
With OnStar® Virtual Advisor you can listen to the news,
entertainment and informative topics, such as traffic
and weather reports. You are able to listen and reply to
your e-mail through your vehicle’s speakers.
HomeLink, a combined universal transmitter and
receiver, provides a way to replace up to three
hand−held transmitters used to activate devices such as
gate operators, garage door openers, entry door
locks, security systems and home lighting. Additional
HomeLink information can be found on the internet
at www.homelink.com or by calling 1−800−355−3515.
If your vehicle is equipped with the HomeLink®
transmitter, it complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
2-48
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of the
device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization
to use this equipment.
Programming the HomeLink®
Transmitter
®
Do not use the HomeLink Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
feature. This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982. If you have a newer
garage door opener with rolling codes, please be
sure to follow steps 6 through 8 to complete the
programming of your HomeLink® Transmitter.
Read the instructions completely before attempting to
program the HomeLink® Transmitter. Because of
the steps involved, it may be helpful to have another
person available to assist you in programming the
transmitter.
Keep the original transmitter for use in other vehicles as
well as for future HomeLink® programming. It is also
recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle, the
programmed HomeLink® buttons should be erased for
security purposes. Refer to “Erasing HomeLink® Buttons”
or, for assistance, contact HomeLink® on the internet at:
www.homelink.com or by calling 1-800-355-3515.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door or gate operator you are programming. When
programming a garage door, it is advised to park outside
of the garage.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
2-49
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons,
releasing only when the indicator light begins to
flash, after 20 seconds. Do not hold down the
buttons for longer than 30 seconds and do not
repeat this step to program a second and/or third
transmitter to the remaining two HomeLink® buttons.
2. Position the end of your hand-held transmitter about
1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the HomeLink®
buttons while keeping the indicator light in view.
5. Press and hold the newly-trained HomeLink® button
and observe the indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on constantly,
programming is complete and your device should
activate when the HomeLink® button is pressed and
released.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 under “Programming HomeLink®.”
Do not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of the
programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for two seconds
and then turns to a constant light, continue with
Steps 6 through 8 following to complete the
programming of a rolling-code equipped device
(most commonly, a garage door opener).
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the desired
button on HomeLink® and the hand-held transmitter
button. Do not release the buttons until Step 4
has been completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers may
require you to substitute Step 3 with the procedure
noted in “Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming” later in this section.
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. This can usually be found where
the hanging antenna wire is attached to the
motor-head unit.
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and then
rapidly after HomeLink® successfully receives the
frequency signal from the hand-held transmitter.
Release both buttons.
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or “Smart”
button. The name and color of the button may
vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
2-50
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold the
programmed HomeLink® button for two seconds,
then release. Repeat the press/hold/release
sequence a second time, and depending on the
brand of the garage door opener (or other rolling
code device), repeat this sequence a third time
to complete the programming.
HomeLink® should now activate your rolling-code
equipped device.
Continue to press and hold the HomeLink® button while
you press and release every two seconds (cycle)
your hand-held transmitter until the frequency signal has
been successfully accepted by HomeLink®. The
indicator light will flash slowly at first and then rapidly.
Proceed with Step 4 under “Programming HomeLink®”
to complete.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 of “Programming HomeLink®.” Do not
repeat Step 1.
Press and hold the appropriate HomeLink® button for at
least half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to “time out” or quit after several seconds of
transmission. This may not be long enough for
HomeLink® to pick up the signal during programming.
Similarly, some U.S. gate operators are manufactured to
“time out” in the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator by using the
“Programming HomeLink®” procedures (regardless of
where you live), replace Step 3 under “Programming
HomeLink®” with the following:
Using HomeLink®
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons
To erase programming from the three buttons do the
following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons until
the indicator light begins to flash, after 20 seconds.
2. Release both buttons. Do not hold for longer than
30 seconds.
HomeLink® is now in the train (learning) mode and can
be programmed at any time beginning with Step 2
under “Programming HomeLink®.”
Individual buttons can not be erased, but they can be
reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a Single
HomeLink® Button” next.
2-51
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink®
Button
To program a device to HomeLink® using a HomeLink®
button previously trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLink® button.
Do not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the HomeLink®
button, proceed with Step 2 under “Programming
HomeLink®.”
Resetting Defaults
®
To reset HomeLink to default settings do the following:
1. Hold down the two outside buttons for about
20 seconds until the indicator light begins to flash.
2. Continue to hold both buttons until the HomeLink®
indicator light turns off.
3. Release both buttons.
For questions or comments, contact HomeLink®
at 1-800-355-3515, or on the internet at
www.homelink.com.
2-52
Storage Areas
Your vehicle’s large carrying capacity can store many
items. If you have the extended wheelbase version, you
can carry even larger items. You can also use the
floor pins that are used to attach the seats, to secure
larger loads.
Glove Box
Your vehicle has a glove box below the instrument
panel. To open the glove box, lift the latch release.
The glove box door has a detent to prevent the door
from lowering too far. Open the glove box until the door
is partway open, then pull the door down if you need
it fully open. To close the glove box, the door must
be pushed up past the detent.
Cupholder(s)
Compact Overhead Console
There are cupholders located below the center
instrument panel switchbank. The cupholders have a
removable liner for larger size cups and for cleaning the
cupholders.
To use the cupholders, simply pull out the tray. Keep
the tray stowed in when not in use.
Your vehicle also has cupholders on the bottom inboard
side of the second row driver’s side captain’s chairs
and the seatbacks have cupholders that can be
used when the seatbacks are folded forward.
The front overhead console includes two reading lamps,
a storage compartment and a switchbank.
2-53
Overhead Console
If your vehicle is equipped with an overhead console,
it may contain the following:
• Reading lamps. See “Front Reading Lamps” or
“Rear Reading Lamps” under Interior Lamps on
page 3-14.
• Switchbank. See Switchbanks on page 3-17.
• Storage compartments. See Storage Areas on
page 2-52.
• Garage door opener compartment. See “Garage
Door Opener Compartment” following.
• OnStar® System buttons. See OnStar® System on
page 2-47.
• Driver Information Center (DIC). See Driver
Information Center (DIC) on page 3-47.
• HomeLink® Transmitter buttons. See HomeLink®
Transmitter on page 2-48.
If your vehicle has the HomeLink® transmitter buttons,
they will take the place of the garage door opener
compartment.
2-54
Garage Door Opener Compartment
You can store your garage door opener in the rear
compartment of your overhead console, and operate it
from this position. To install your garage door opener,
follow these instructions:
1. Open the compartment by pressing the latch
forward.
2. Peel the protective backing from the hook and loop
fastener and press it firmly to the back of your
garage door opener.
3. Line up the button of the garage door opener with
one of the four buttons on the compartment door.
Make sure the garage door opener button is
facing down and press the opener firmly into place.
4. Once the opener is installed, use the black
pegs inside the compartment door to make sure the
lined area on the compartment door will contact
the control button on your garage door opener when
pressed.
5. Add one peg at a time until your garage door
opener operates with the compartment door
closed when you press on it.
2-55
Front Seat Storage Net
Luggage Carrier
{CAUTION:
There may be a storage net that stretches between the
front seats. Pull the hooks towards the passenger’s
seat and insert them into the holes.
To store the net, lift the hooks up and out of the holes.
The net does not detach from the driver’s seat.
When not in use, it is recommended that you unhook
the net to extend its life and retain its elasticity.
2-56
If you try to carry something on top of your
vehicle that is longer or wider than the luggage
carrier — like paneling, plywood, a mattress
and so forth — the wind can catch it as you
drive along. This can cause you to lose
control. What you are carrying could be
violently torn off, and this could cause you or
other drivers to have a collision, and of course
damage your vehicle. You may be able to carry
something like this inside. But, never carry
something longer or wider than the luggage
carrier on top of your vehicle.
Notice: Loading cargo on the luggage carrier that
weighs more than 150 lbs. (68 kg) or hangs over the
rear or sides of the vehicle may damage your
vehicle. Load cargo so that it rests on the slats as
far forward as possible and against the side
rails, making sure to fasten it securely.
When you carry cargo on the luggage carrier of a
proper size and weight, put it on the slats, as far forward
as you can. You can then tie it down.
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your vehicle. For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see Loading Your Vehicle on
page 4-35.
If you have the luggage carrier, you can load things on
top of your vehicle.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check now and then to make sure the cargo is still
securely fastened.
2-57
Rear Storage Area
To use the convenience net, do the following:
Your vehicle has a storage compartment and may have
a cupholder on the driver’s side of the vehicle, next
to the third row seat(s).
Convenience Net
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. The
convenience net is designed to help keep small loads,
like grocery bags, from falling over. Install the
convenience net at the rear of your vehicle, inside the
liftgate.
1. Attach the upper loops to the posts on both sides of
the liftgate opening. The label on the net should be
in the upper left corner.
2-58
Convenience Center
{CAUTION:
If any removable convenience item is not
secured properly, it can move around in a
collision or sudden stop. People in the vehicle
could be injured. Be sure to secure any such
item properly.
2. Attach the lower hooks to the metal rings on the floor.
Your vehicle may have a convenience center. It comes
with the stowable seat. It provides extra storage
space for the rear of the vehicle.
3. Once you’ve loaded items into the net, stretch the
higher side of the net up and over the top of the
load to hold it firmly in place.
To open the convenience center, pull up on the door latch
located in the front. The convenience center cover has
two automatic prop rods to hold it up and in place.
The convenience net has a maximum capacity of
100 lbs. (45 kg). It is not designed to hold larger, heavier
loads. Store such loads on the floor of your vehicle,
as far forward as you can.
To close the convenience center cover you must pull
one of the prop rod linkages toward you while holding
onto the door latch and lower the convenience
center cover to close it.
When not in use, it is recommended that you take down
the convenience net to extend the life of the net and to
help retain its elasticity, and to keep the rear exit clear.
2-59
Removing the Convenience Center
1. Make sure that all items are off of the convenience
center and that it is empty.
2. Turn the hand knob counterclockwise until the knob
is loose.
3. Lift up on the hand knob, then grip the convenience
center to lift it up.
4. Pull the convenience center toward you to pull it out.
Replacing the Convenience Center
1. Make sure the stowable seat is properly installed in
the vehicle. See Stowable Seat on page 1-22 for
more information. If the stowable seat is not in the
vehicle with the convenience center, the
convenience center will not be locked into the
correct position in the vehicle.
2. Make sure that the convenience center is closed.
3. Lift the convenience center up and into the rear
of the vehicle.
2-60
4. Put the tray sill, located on the back of the
convenience center, in the upright position.
5. Slide the convenience center in and align it so that
the forks, located on the bottom rear of the
convenience center, slide into the seat anchors.
6. Press down on the front of the convenience center
so the center locates on the sill mounting bracket.
7. Turn the hand knob clockwise until it is tight.
8. Pull up on the convenience center to make sure it
is locked into place.
The tray sill can be folded down onto the stowable seat
to close the space between the two while the stowable
seat is folded down. To do this, flip the sill plate up and
over toward the stowable seat.
The convenience center has six hooks on the inside
cover for hanging items on. The prop rods can hold up
to 49 lbs. (21.8 kg) on the cover of the convenience
center while in its upright position.
The convenience center and the stowable seat both
have a maximum weight capacity of 400 lbs. (181.6 kg).
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
The cover of the convenience center can be left in its
upright position while the vehicle is moving.
2-61
Vehicle Personalization
Your vehicle’s locks and lighting systems can be programmed with several different features. The features you can
program depend on the options that came with your vehicle. The following chart shows the features that can be
programmed. To determine which features your vehicle is equipped with, follow the steps listed for entering the
programming mode.
Number of
chimes
sounded
2
3
4
Delayed
Automatic
Illumination/ Door Locks
Exit
Lighting
X
X
X
X
X
X
Feature
Last Door
Remote
Closed
Driver’s
Locking/
Door
Lockout
Unlock
Deterrent
Control
X
—
X
X
X
X
Entering Programming Mode
To program features, your vehicle must be in the
programming mode. Follow these steps:
1. The content theft-deterrent system must be
disarmed. See Content Theft-Deterrent on
page 2-27.
2. Remove the BCM PRGRM fuse from the instrument
panel fuse block, located to the right of the glove
box. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-96.
2-62
Remote
Lock/Unlock
Confirmation
Content
Theft
Content
Theft
Arming/
Disarming
—
X
X
—
—
X
—
—
X
3. Close the driver’s door.
4. Turn the ignition key to ACCESSORY.
5. Count the number of chimes you hear. You will
hear two to four chimes depending on the features
your vehicle is equipped with. Refer to the chart
shown previously.
You can now program your choices.
To exit the programming mode, follow the steps listed
under Exiting Programming Mode on page 2-71.
Delayed Illumination and Exit
Lighting
This feature allows you to customize the interior lamps
when entering and exiting the vehicle.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: Both Features Off. The interior lamps will turn
on or off at the same instant that a door is opened or
closed.
Mode 2: Delayed Illumination Only. The interior lamps
will stay on for about 25 seconds after all the doors
and liftgate are closed, or until you lock the doors.
Mode 3: Exit Lighting Only. The interior lamps will come
on whenever you remove the key from the ignition
and stay on for about 25 seconds, or until you lock the
doors.
Mode 4: Both Features On. This combines
Modes 2 and 3.
Your vehicle was originally programmed to Mode 4. The
mode may have been changed since then. To determine
the current mode, or to change the mode, do the
following:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” earlier in this section.
2. Turn the interior lamps on by turning the instrument
panel brightness control all the way up.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes indicates the vehicle’s current
programmed mode. If you do not wish to change the
current mode, you can either exit the programming
mode by following the instructions later in this section
or program the next feature available on your vehicle.
4. Turn the interior lamps off to change
the current mode.
5. Turn the interior lamps from on to off until you hear
the number of chimes corresponding to the mode
selection you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
2-63
Automatic Door Locks
• Shift out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and the
driver’s door closed; all doors will lock automatically.
This feature allows you to customize the automatic
locking and unlocking of the doors when using the shift
lever.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: Both Features Off. Automatic door locking and
unlocking is disabled. You will always need to lock
your doors manually before driving to increase occupant
safety.
Mode 2: Automatic Door Locking Only
• The automatic door unlock feature is turned off.
• Shift out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and the
driver’s door closed; all doors will lock automatically.
Mode 3: Automatic Unlocking with the Ignition Off
• Turn off the ignition with the transaxle in PARK (P);
all doors will unlock automatically.
• Shift out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and the
driver’s door closed; all doors will lock automatically.
Mode 4: Automatic Unlocking with Transaxle in
PARK (P)
• Shift into PARK (P) with the ignition on; all doors
will unlock automatically.
2-64
Your vehicle was originally programmed to Mode 3. The
mode may have been changed since then. To determine
the current mode, or to change the mode, do the
following:
1. Follow the instructions for Entering Programming
Mode on page 2-62.
2. Press LOCK on the power door lock switch.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes indicates the vehicle’s current
programmed mode. If you do not wish to change
the current mode, you can either exit the
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature
available on your vehicle.
4. Press LOCK to change the current mode.
5. Press LOCK until you hear the number of chimes
corresponding to the mode selection you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Last Door Locking and Lockout
Deterrent
This feature allows you to customize the automatic
locking of the doors when exiting the vehicle.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: Both Features Off. Doors will always lock
immediately when you press LOCK on the power door
lock switch or the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Mode 2: Lockout Deterrent Only. If you leave your key
in the ignition with the driver’s door open, you will
not be able to lock the doors with the power door locks.
Mode 3: Last Door Closed Locking Only. If the
power door lock switch or the remote keyless entry
transmitter is used to lock the vehicle while any door or
the liftgate is open, you will hear three chimes. The
doors will not lock. Five seconds after the last door is
closed, all doors and the liftgate will lock.
Mode 4: Both Features On. This combines
Modes 2 and 3.
Your vehicle was originally programmed to Mode 4. The
mode may have been changed since then. To
determine the current mode, or to change the mode, do
the following:
1. Follow the instructions for Entering Programming
Mode on page 2-62.
2. Press UNLOCK on the power door lock switch.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes indicates the vehicle’s current
programmed mode. If you do not wish to change
the current mode, you can either exit the
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature
available on your vehicle.
4. Press UNLOCK to change the current mode.
5. Press UNLOCK until you hear the number of chimes
corresponding to the mode selection you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
2-65
Remote Driver Unlock Control
This feature allows you to customize the UNLOCK
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: Remote All Doors Unlock. When you press
UNLOCK on your remote keyless entry transmitter,
all doors and the liftgate will unlock.
Mode 2: Remote Driver’s Door Unlock Only. When you
press UNLOCK on your remote keyless entry
transmitter once, the driver’s door will unlock. When you
press UNLOCK on your remote keyless entry
transmitter again within five seconds, all doors and the
liftgate will unlock.
Your vehicle was originally programmed to Mode 2. The
mode may have been changed since then. To
determine the current mode, or to change the mode, do
the following:
1. Follow the instructions for Entering Programming
Mode on page 2-62.
2. Press UNLOCK on the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
2-66
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes indicates the vehicle’s current
programmed mode. If you do not wish to change
the current mode, you can either exit the
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature
available on your vehicle.
4. Press UNLOCK to change the current mode.
5. Press UNLOCK until you hear the number of chimes
corresponding to the mode selection you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Remote Lock and Unlock
Confirmation
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
customize the feedback received when locking or
unlocking your vehicle with the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: Both Features Off. Remote lock and unlock
confirmation are disabled.
Mode 2: Exterior Lamps Flash Only
• When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to lock your vehicle, your parking lamps will flash to
let you know the command has been received.
• When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to unlock your vehicle or operate your optional
power sliding door(s), your parking lamps will flash
to let you know the command has been received.
Mode 3: Exterior Lamps Flash and Horn Sounds
• When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to lock your vehicle, the horn will sound and your
parking lamps will flash to let you know the
command has been received.
• When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to unlock your vehicle or operate your optional
power sliding door(s), your parking lamps will flash
to let you know the command has been received.
Mode 4: Exterior Lamps Flash and Horn Sounds on
second LOCK press
• When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to lock your vehicle, your parking lamps will flash to
let you know the command has been received.
The horn will sound and your parking lamps
will flash if you press the LOCK button again within
five seconds.
• When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to unlock your vehicle or operate your optional
power sliding door(s), your parking lamps will flash
to let you know the command has been received.
2-67
Your vehicle was originally programmed to Mode 4. The
mode may have been changed since then. To
determine the current mode, or to change the mode, do
the following:
Content Theft-Deterrent System
This feature allows you to turn the content theft deterrent
on and off.
1. Follow the instructions for Entering Programming
Mode on page 2-62.
Programmable Modes
2. Press LOCK on the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
Mode 1, Mode 2 and Mode 4: Feature On. If anyone
opens a door or the liftgate while your content
theft-deterrent system is armed, an alarm will sound and
your parking lamps will flash for up to two minutes.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes indicates the vehicle’s current
programmed mode. If you do not wish to change
the current mode, you can either exit the
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature
available on your vehicle.
4. Press LOCK to change the current mode.
5. Press LOCK until you hear the number of chimes
corresponding to the mode selection you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
2-68
Mode 3: Feature Off. Your content theft-deterrent
system is always disarmed.
Your vehicle was originally programmed to Mode 4. The
mode may have been changed since then. To determine
the current mode, or to change the mode, do the
following:
1. Follow the instructions for Entering Programming
Mode on page 2-62.
2. Turn the parking lamps on, then off.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes indicates the vehicle’s current
programmed mode. If you do not wish to change
the current mode, you can either exit the
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature
available on your vehicle.
Arming and Disarming the Content
Theft-Deterrent System
4. Turn the parking lamps on, then off to change the
current mode.
This feature allows you to customize the arming and
disarming of the content-theft deterrent system.
5. Turn the parking lamps on, then off until you hear
the number of chimes corresponding to the mode
selection you want.
Programmable Modes
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
To arm or disarm the content theft-deterrent system, the
system must be turned on by using Modes 1, 2, or 4
listed previously.
Mode 1: Power Door Lock Switch Arming Off
• The system will arm when you lock the doors with
your key or remote keyless entry transmitter. The
key must be removed from the ignition when
you lock the doors or the content theft-deterrent
system will not arm.
• The system will disarm when you unlock the doors
with your key or remote keyless entry transmitter.
2-69
Mode 2: Remote Keyless Entry Transmitter
Arm/Disarm Only
• The system will arm when you lock the doors with
your remote keyless entry transmitter. The key
must be removed from the ignition when you lock
the doors or the content theft-deterrent system
will not arm.
• The system will disarm when you unlock the doors
with your remote keyless entry transmitter.
While this mode provides increased security, it can be a
problem if your remote keyless entry transmitter is
damaged, lost, or if it fails to operate for any reason
while the content theft-deterrent system is armed. The
content theft-deterrent system must be disarmed for
the engine to run while in Mode 2; your key can
no longer disarm the system.
®
If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStar system,
OnStar® will not be able to remotely unlock your vehicle
if it has been programmed to Mode 2.
2-70
Mode 3: Standard Arming and Disarming
• The system will arm when you lock the doors using
either power door lock switch while any door or the
liftgate is open and the key is removed from the
ignition.
• The system will arm when you lock the doors with
your key or remote keyless entry transmitter and
the key is removed from the ignition.
• The system will disarm when you unlock the doors
with your key or remote keyless entry transmitter.
Your vehicle was originally programmed to Mode 1. The
mode may have been changed since then. To
determine the current mode, or to change the mode, do
the following:
1. Follow the instructions for Entering Programming
Mode on page 2-62.
2. Insert your spare key fully into any door key
cylinder and turn it to the unlock position.
This step is necessary to prevent accidental
programming of this feature to Mode 2. Do not
program this feature to Mode 2 without first reading
Mode 2 entirely. The door key cylinder must
remain in the unlock position during
Steps 2 through 4.
3. Press the button with the horn symbol on the
remote keyless entry transmitter.
Exiting Programming Mode
4. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes indicates the vehicle’s current
programmed mode. If you do not wish to change
the current mode, you can either exit the
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature
available on your vehicle.
To exit programming mode, turn the key from
ACCESSORY to OFF and put the BCM PRGRM fuse
back into the instrument panel fuse block.
After programming a feature, you can exit the
programming mode at anytime. Also, if your vehicle is
equipped with the content theft-deterrent system,
remember to arm the system before exiting.
5. Press the panic button to change the current mode.
6. Press the panic button until you hear the number
of chimes corresponding to the mode selection
you want.
7. Remove your key from the door key cylinder.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
next in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
2-71
✍ NOTES
2-72
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ...............................3-4
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................3-6
Other Warning Devices ...................................3-7
Horn .............................................................3-7
Tilt Wheel .....................................................3-7
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................3-8
Exterior Lamps .............................................3-16
Interior Lamps ..............................................3-18
Switchbanks .................................................3-21
Instrument Panel Switchbank ..........................3-21
Overhead Console Switchbank .......................3-22
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) ............3-22
Accessory Power Outlets ...............................3-25
Climate Controls ............................................3-26
Climate Control System .................................3-26
Outlet Adjustment .........................................3-29
Rear Climate Control System
(Without Entertainment System) ...................3-29
Rear Climate Control System
(With Entertainment System) .......................3-32
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ...................3-34
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ............3-36
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................3-37
Speedometer and Odometer ...........................3-39
Tachometer .................................................3-40
Safety Belt Reminder Light .............................3-41
Air Bag Readiness Light ................................3-41
Brake System Warning Light ..........................3-42
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light .............3-43
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning Light ...3-43
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ..................3-44
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................3-45
Fuel Gage ...................................................3-49
Message Center .............................................3-50
Service Traction System Warning Message ......3-50
Traction Active Message ................................3-51
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning
Message ..................................................3-52
Charging System Indicator Message ................3-52
Low Oil Pressure Message ............................3-53
Change Engine Oil Message ..........................3-54
Power Sliding Door Warning Message .............3-54
3-1
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Door Ajar Warning Message ...........................3-55
Rear Hatch Ajar Warning Message ..................3-56
PASS-Key® III Security Message ....................3-56
All-Wheel Drive Disable Warning Message .......3-57
Low Fuel Warning Message ...........................3-57
Driver Information Center (DIC) .......................3-58
Audio System(s) .............................................3-61
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ..................................3-61
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) .........................................3-61
AM-FM Radio ...............................................3-62
Radio with CD (Base Level) ...........................3-65
Radio with CD (MP3) ....................................3-76
Radio with Six-Disc CD .................................3-93
3-2
Entertainment System ..................................3-108
Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
(Without Entertainment System) .................3-116
Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
(With Entertainment System) .....................3-118
Theft-Deterrent Feature
(Non-RDS Radios) ...................................3-119
Theft-Deterrent Feature
(RDS Radios) ..........................................3-119
Audio Steering Wheel Controls ......................3-120
Radio Reception .........................................3-121
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ........................3-121
Care of Your CD and DVD Player .................3-122
Fixed Mast Antenna ....................................3-122
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ............3-122
✍ NOTES
3-3
Instrument Panel Overview
3-4
The main components of the instrument panel are the
following:
A. Side Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-29.
B. Front Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-29.
C. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-8.
D. Hazard Warning Flasher Switch. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 3-6.
E. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 3-37.
F. Center Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-29.
G. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on page 3-61.
H. Side Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-29.
I. Exterior Lamps Control. See Exterior Lamps on
page 3-16.
J. Hood Release. See Hood Release on page 5-11.
K. Horn. See Horn on page 3-7.
L. Ignition Switch. See Ignition Positions on page 2-32.
M. Climate Controls. See Climate Control System on
page 3-26.
N. Rear Fan Controls. See Rear Climate Control
System (Without Entertainment System) on
page 3-29 or Rear Climate Control System (With
Entertainment System) on page 3-32.
O. Cupholder Tray. See Cupholder(s) on page 2-53.
P. Accessory Power Outlet. See Accessory Power
Outlets on page 3-25.
Q. Instrument Panel Switchbank. See Instrument Panel
Switchbank on page 3-21.
R. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 2-52.
S. Front Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-29.
T. Instrument Panel Fuse Block. See Fuses and
Circuit Breakers on page 5-106.
3-5
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning
flashers button is located
on top of the steering
column.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to
turn the flashers off.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front
and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
3-6
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the
steering wheel and pull the
lever.
Horn
You can sound the horn by pressing the horn symbols
on your steering wheel.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. You can raise it to the highest level to
give your legs more room when you exit and enter
the vehicle.
Then move the steering wheel to a comfortable position
and release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel is
located on the left side of the steering column.
3-7
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the
turn or lane change.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
3-8
G Turn and Lane-Change Signals
2 Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-to-Pass
N Windshield Wipers
L Windshield Washer
I Cruise Control
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself
when you release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrow
flashes faster than normal, a signal bulb may be burned
out and other drivers will not see your turn signal.
When the high beams are
on, this light on the
instrument panel cluster
will also be on.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows do not go on at all when you
signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and check the
fuse. See Bulb Replacement on page 5-50 and Fuses
and Circuit Breakers on page 5-106.
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring for
the trailer lamps, the signal indicator will flash at a
normal rate even if a turn signal bulb is burned
out. Check the front and rear turn signal lamps regularly
to make sure they are working.
Turn Signal On Chime
If either turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 mile
(1.2 km), a chime will sound to let the driver know
to turn it off. If you need to leave the signal on for more
than 3/4 mile (1.2 km), turn off the signal and then
turn it back on.
Your fog lamps will turn off when you switch to high
beams. Using your high beams in fog is not
recommended.
Flash-to-Pass
When the headlamps are off, pull the lever toward you
to momentarily switch on the high beams. This will
signal that you are going to pass. When you release the
lever, they will turn off.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from high to low beam or
from low to high, pull the turn signal lever all the
way toward you and release it.
3-9
Windshield Wipers
WIPER: Turn this band to operate the windshield
wipers.
MIST: Turn the band to MIST for a single wiping cycle.
Hold it there until the wipers start. Then let go. The
wipers will stop after one wipe. If you want more wipes,
hold the band on mist longer.
OFF: Turn the band to OFF to turn off the windshield
wipers.
LOW: Turn the band to LOW, for steady wiping at low
speed.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. A circuit
breaker will stop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Windshield Washer
L(Windshield Washer):
Press and hold the
windshield washer paddle with this symbol on it to wash
your windshield. The washers and wipers will operate.
When you release the paddle, the washers will stop, and
the wipers will continue to operate for two cycles, unless
your wipers had already been on. In that case, the wipers
will resume the wiper speed you had selected earlier.
HIGH: Turn the band to HIGH, for steady wiping at high
speed.
{CAUTION:
DELAY: Turn the band away from you to one of the five
sensitivity settings between OFF and LOW, to choose the
delayed wiping cycle. The further the band is turned
toward LOW, the shorter the delay will be. Use this
setting for light rain or snow.
In freezing weather, do not use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
Remember that damaged wiper blades may prevent you
from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If they’re frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades
do become damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
3-10
Rear Window Washer/Wiper
If your vehicle has a rear
window wiper, the switch is
located in the instrument
panel switchbank.
To wash and wipe the rear window, press the washer
symbol on the top of the switch. Washer fluid will
run down the glass as long as the switch is held in.
When the top of the switch is released, the wiper will
continue to cycle three more times. There is only
one washer fluid reservoir for the front and rear
windshield wipers. See Windshield Washer Fluid on
page 5-38.
To wash the rear window when the rear wiper is already
on, press the top of the switch with the wash symbol
on it. Press in the bottom of the switch to continue the
intermittent wiper cycle after the washing cycle is
completed.
Press the wiper symbol on the bottom of the switch to
turn on the intermittent wiper. To turn off the wiper, press
the top of the switch.
3-11
Cruise Control
Your vehicle may have cruise control. With cruise
control, you can maintain a speed of about 25 mph
(40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on
the accelerator. This can really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control
disengages.
{CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
can not drive safely at a steady speed. So, do
not use your cruise control on winding roads
or in heavy traffic.
CAUTION:
3-12
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery
roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire
traction can cause needless wheel spinning,
and you could lose control. Do not use cruise
control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the optional
traction control system begins to limit wheel spin, the
cruise control will automatically disengage. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 4-10. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may turn
the cruise control back on.
Setting Cruise Control
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when you
are not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you do not want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you
want to use cruise control.
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press the SET button at the end of the lever and
release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
3-13
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts
off the cruise control. But you do not need to reset
it. Once you are going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch from ON to
resume/accelerate (R/A) briefly. You will go back up to
your chosen speed and stay there.
If you hold the switch at R/A, the vehicle will keep going
faster until you release the switch or apply the brake.
So unless you want to go faster, do not hold the switch
at R/A.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
To increase your speed while using cruise control,
do one of the following:
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Press the SET button at the end of the lever,
then release the button and the accelerator pedal.
You will begin to cruise at the higher speed.
3-14
• Move the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it
there until you get up to the speed you want,
and then release the switch. To increase your speed
in very small amounts, move the switch to R/A
briefly and then release it. Each time you do this,
your vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
The accelerate feature will work whether or not you have
set an initial cruise control speed.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
To reduce your speed while using cruise control, do one
of the following:
• Press the SET button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, press the SET
button briefly. Each time you do this, you will go
about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
To pass another vehicle while using cruise control, use
the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the
hills. When going up steep hills, you may have to step
on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed.
When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to
a lower gear to keep your speed down. Of course,
applying the brake takes you out of cruise control. Many
drivers find this to be too much trouble and do not
use cruise control on steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
To turn off the cruise control, do one of the following:
• Step lightly on the brake pedal.
• Move the cruise switch to OFF.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition, your
cruise control set speed memory is erased.
3-15
Exterior Lamps
9 (Off/Auto): Turning the control to this setting will
activate the automatic headlamps when it is dark enough
outside and turn off all the lamps and lights during the day
except the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).
; (Parking Lamps):
Turning the control to this
setting turns on the parking lamps together with the
following:
• Sidemarker Lamps
• Taillamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
5 (Headlamps):
Turning the control to this setting
turns on the headlamps, together with the previously
listed lamps and lights.
The control to the left of the steering column operates
the exterior lamps.
3-16
Lamps on Reminder
If the driver’s door is opened and you turn the ignition to
OFF or LOCK while leaving the lamps on, you will
hear a warning chime.
Daytime Running Lamps/Automatic
Headlamp System
When it is dark enough outside, the exterior lamps will
come on automatically. When it is bright enough
outside, the exterior lamps will turn off and the DRL will
turn on. Of course, you may still turn on the headlamps
any time you need to.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short
periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional
daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles
first sold in Canada.
If you start your vehicle in a dark garage, the automatic
headlamp system will come on immediately. Once
you leave the garage, it will take approximately
one minute for the automatic headlamp system to
change to DRL if it is light outside. During that delay,
your instrument panel cluster may not be as bright
as usual. Make sure your instrument panel brightness
control is in the full bright position. See “Instrument
Panel Brightness Control” under Interior Lamps
on page 3-18.
A light sensor on top of the instrument panel makes the
DRL work, so be sure it is not covered. The DRL
system will make front parking and turn signal lamps
come on in daylight when the following conditions
are met:
To idle your vehicle with the DRL and automatic
headlamps off, set the parking brake while the ignition is
in OFF or LOCK. Then start the vehicle. The DRL
and automatic headlamps will stay off until you release
the parking brake.
• The ignition is on
• The exterior lamps control is off
• The parking brake is released
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
When the DRL are on, only your front parking and turn
signal lamps will be on. Your instrument panel will
not be lit up.
3-17
Interior Lamps
Dome Lamp
Instrument Panel Brightness
The thumbwheel for this feature is located below the
exterior lamps control. Turn the thumbwheel to the right
to brighten the lights, or to the left to dim them.
The dome lamp is located in the headliner and has two
buttons to manually turn it on or off. The dome lamp
will come on each time you open a door, unless you turn
on the interior lamps override feature. See “Interior
Lamps Override” earlier in this section.
Interior Lamps Control
Entry Lighting
Turn the thumbwheel all the way to the right to turn on
the interior lamps, if the interior lamps override
switch is off. Turn the thumbwheel to the left to turn the
lamps off.
With entry lighting, the interior of your vehicle is
illuminated so that you can see inside before you enter
your vehicle. The lamps will come on for 40 seconds
if you unlock your door using your key or the remote
keyless entry transmitter and the ignition is in LOCK or
OFF. After 40 seconds have passed, the interior
lamps will slowly fade out. The lamps will turn off before
the 40 seconds if you do one of the following:
Interior Lamps Override
This switch is located in
the overhead console
switchbank. Press
the bottom of the switch to
keep the interior lamps
off while any door is open,
or the top of the switch
to allow the interior lamps
to come on while any
door is open.
3-18
• Lock all the doors using the key.
• Press LOCK on the power door lock switch.
• Press LOCK on the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
When any door is opened, entry lighting is cancelled.
The interior lamps will stay on while any door or
the liftgate is open, and slowly fade out when all doors
and the liftgate are closed.
The interior lamps may stay on for up to 25 seconds
after all doors have been closed if they have not been
locked. See “Delayed Lighting” following.
To turn the entry lighting feature off or on, see Vehicle
Personalization on page 2-62.
Delayed Lighting
The delayed lighting feature will continue to illuminate
the interior for 25 seconds after all doors have been
closed, so that you can find your ignition and buckle your
safety belt at night. Delayed lighting will not occur
while the ignition is in RUN or ACCESSORY. After
25 seconds have passed, the interior lamps will slowly
fade out. The lamps will fade out before the 25 seconds
have passed if you do one of the following:
• Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
• Lock all doors using the remote keyless entry
Exit Lighting
With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on for
about 25 seconds whenever you remove the key from
the ignition. If you turn the ignition key to RUN or
ACCESSORY, the lamps will fade out. The lamps will
also fade out if you lock the doors with the power
door lock switch or the remote keyless entry transmitter.
When any door is opened, exit lighting is cancelled.
The interior lamps will stay on while any door or
the liftgate is open, and slowly fade out when all doors
and the liftgate are closed.
The interior lamps may stay on for up to 25 seconds
after all doors have been closed if they have not been
locked. See “Delayed Lighting” earlier in this section.
To turn the exit lighting feature off or on, see Vehicle
Personalization on page 2-62.
transmitter.
• Lock all doors using the power door lock switch or
the key.
To turn the delayed lighting feature off or on, see
Vehicle Personalization on page 2-62.
3-19
Front Reading Lamps
Rear Reading Lamps
There may be two reading lamps in the third row
headliner. To turn either reading lamp on or off, press
the lens of the lamp.
There is also a reading lamp in the second row,
integrated with the dome lamp. To turn the second row
reading lamp on or off, press the button next to the
lamp lens.
Rear reading lamps will not turn on if the interior lamps
override switch is on. See “Interior Lamps Override”
earlier in this section.
Cargo Lamp
There are two reading lamps in the overhead console.
To turn either reading lamp on or off, press the lens
of the lamp. These lamps will come on each time you
open a door, unless you turn on the interior lamps
override feature. See “Interior Lamps Override” earlier in
this section.
3-20
The cargo lamp is located in the rear of your vehicle,
above the liftgate opening, and does not have a switch.
The cargo lamp will come on each time you open a
door, unless you turn on the interior lamps override. See
“Interior Lamps Override” earlier in this section.
Battery Run-Down Protection
Instrument Panel Switchbank
Your vehicle has a feature to help prevent you from
draining the battery, in case you accidentally leave the
interior lamps on. If you leave any interior lamps on while
the ignition is in LOCK or OFF, they will automatically turn
off after 10 minutes. The lamps will not come back on
again until you do one of the following:
• Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
• Turn the interior lamps thumbwheel all the way to the
right, then slightly back to the left.
• Open a closed door, or close and reopen a door.
If your vehicle has less than 15 miles (25 km) on the
odometer, the battery saver will turn off the lamps after
only three minutes.
Switchbanks
There are two sets of switchbanks located in the front of
the vehicle. The switches will vary with the options
that are on your vehicle.
The instrument panel switchbank is located in the
instrument panel below the comfort controls. This
switchbank may include the following:
• Rear Fan Knob. See Rear Climate Control System
(Without Entertainment System) on page 3-29 or
Rear Climate Control System (With Entertainment
System) on page 3-32.
• Rear Window Wiper/Washer. See “Rear Window
Wiper/Washer” under Turn Signal/Multifunction
Lever on page 3-8.
• Traction Control Switches. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-10.
If your vehicle does not have some of these options,
there will be a blank.
If your vehicle is not equipped with the rear climate
control system, there will be a storage space in
this switchbank. The rubber mat can be removed for
cleaning. Snap the mat into place after cleaning.
3-21
Overhead Console Switchbank
The overhead console switchbank is located in the
overhead console. This switchbank may include
the following:
• Interior Lamps Override. See “Interior Lamps
Override” under Interior Lamps on page 3-18.
• Power Sliding Door(s)/Override Switch(es). See
Power Sliding Door (PSD) on page 2-16.
• Power Rear Quarter Windows. See Power Rear
Quarter Windows on page 2-26.
• Ultrasonic Rear Parking Aid (URPA) Disable
Switch. See Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA)
on page 3-22.
If your vehicle does not have some of these options,
there will be a blank.
3-22
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist
(URPA)
The Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) system is
designed to help you park, while the vehicle is in
REVERSE (R). It operates only at very low speeds, less
than 3 mph (5 km/h). URPA can help make parking
easier and to help you avoid colliding with objects such as
parked vehicles. The URPA system can detect objects up
to 5 feet (1.5 m) behind the vehicle, and tell you how
close these objects are from your rear bumper.
Your vehicle’s URPA operates when the shift lever is
moved into REVERSE (R) and the vehicle speed is less
than 3 mph (5 km/h). Four ultrasonic sensors located at
the rear bumper are used to detect the distance to the
object. The URPA display is located inside the vehicle,
near the rear window. It has three color-coded lights used
to provide distance and system information to the driver.
{CAUTION:
Even with the Ultrasonic Rear Park Assist
system, the driver must check carefully before
backing up. The system does not operate above
typical backing speeds of 3 mph (5 km/h) while
parking. And, the system does not detect
objects that are more than 5 feet (1.5 meters)
behind the vehicle.
URPA can be turned off by
pressing the rear park aid
disable switch located
in the overhead console
switchbank. While the
system is disabled,
an indicator light will be lit
on the switch. You will
not see any lights on the
rear display if the switch is
in the off position.
So, unless you check carefully behind you
before and when you back up, you could strike
children, pedestrians, bicyclists or pets behind
you, and they could be injured or killed.
Whether or not you are using rear park assist,
always check carefully behind your vehicle
before you back up and then watch closely as
you do.
3-23
How the System Works
Unless disabled, the URPA will turn on automatically
when the shift lever is moved into REVERSE (R). When
the system turns on, the three lights on the display will
illuminate for one and a half seconds to let you know that
the system is working. If your vehicle is moving in
REVERSE (R) at a speed greater than 3 mph (5 km/h),
the red light will flash to remind you that the system does
not work at speed greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
If an object is detected at a REVERSE (R) speed of
less than 3 mph (5 km/h), one of the following will occur:
Description
amber light
amber/amber lights
amber/amber/red lights &
continuous chime
amber/amber/red lights
flashing & continuous
chime
English
5 ft.
40 in.
Metric
1.5 m
1.0 m
20 in.
0.5 m
1 ft
0.3 m
A chime will sound the first time an object is detected
between 20 inches (0.5 m) and 5 feet (1.5 m) away.
URPA cannot detect objects that are above liftgate level.
In order for the rear sensors to recognize an object, it
must be within detection range behind the vehicle.
3-24
When the System Does Not Seem to Work
Properly
The light may flash red when the vehicle is in
REVERSE (R) if the ultrasonic sensors are not kept
clean. So be sure to keep your rear bumper free of mud,
dirt, snow, ice and slush. Other conditions that may affect
system performance include things like the vibrations
from a jackhammer or the compression of air brakes on a
very large truck. If after cleaning the rear bumper and
then driving forward at least 15 mph (25 km/h), the
display continues to flash red, see your dealer.
If a trailer was attached to your vehicle, or a bicycle or an
object was on the back of, or hanging out of your liftgate
during your last drive cycle, the light may also flash red.
The light will continue to flash whenever in REVERSE (R)
until your vehicle is driven forward at least 15 mph
(25 km/h) without any obstructions behind the vehicle.
For cleaning instructions, see Cleaning the Outside of
Your Vehicle on page 5-100.
Accessory Power Outlets
With accessory power outlets you can plug in electrical
equipment such as a cellular telephone or CB radio.
The front accessory power outlet is located below
the cupholder drawer.
Pull the cover down to use the accessory power outlet.
When not in use, keep the cover on.
The rear accessory power outlet is located in the rear
compartment on the driver’s side next to the air
inflator system.
To remove the cover, pull the tab on the cover and pull
it off. To put the cover back on, line up the tabs at
the back of the cover and put the cover in place. Push
down the tab to secure the cover. When not in use,
always cover the rear accessory power outlet with the
protective cap.
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods will drain the battery. Always turn
off electrical equipment when not in use and do
not plug in equipment that exceeds the maximum
amperage rating.
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible
with the accessory power outlet and could result
in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a
problem see your dealer for additional information
on accessory power outlets.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your
vehicle may damage it or keep other components
from working as they should. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Check with your
dealer before adding electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow the
proper installation instructions included with the
equipment.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause
damage not covered by your warranty. Do not
hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket
from the plug because the power outlets are
designed for accessory power plugs only.
3-25
Climate Controls
Operation
Climate Control System
Turn the right knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
direct the airflow inside of your vehicle.
With this system you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation for your vehicle.
To change the current mode, select one of the following:
H (Vent):
This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level):
This mode directs half of the air to the
instrument panel outlets, then directs the remaining
air to the floor outlets. Cooler air is directed to the upper
outlets and warmer air to the floor outlets.
6 (Floor):
This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets. Use this mode to send air to the rear of the
vehicle. Keep the area under the front seats free of
objects that could obstruct airflow to the rear of
the vehicle.
3-26
The right knob can also be used to select defog or
defrost mode. For more information, see “Defogging and
Defrosting” later in this section.
Temperature Control: Turn the center knob clockwise
or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the air
temperature inside your vehicle.
9 (Fan): Turn the left knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan speed.
Turn the knob to OFF to turn off the fan. The fan must be
turned on for the air conditioning compressor to operate.
# A/C (Air Conditioning):
: (Outside Air):
You may notice a slight change in engine performance
when the air-conditioning compressor shuts off and
turns on again. This is normal. The system is designed
to make adjustments to help with fuel economy while
still maintaining the selected temperature.
Press this button to turn the
outside air mode on or off. When this mode is on,
outside air will circulate throughout your vehicle. When
this mode is on, an indicator light in the button will
come on to let you know that it is activated. The outside
air mode can be used with all modes, but it cannot
be used with the recirculation mode.
? (Recirculation):
This mode keeps outside air
from coming in the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or help
heat or cool the air inside your vehicle more quickly.
Press this button to turn the recirculation mode on or off.
When the button is pressed, an indicator light will
come on. The air-conditioning compressor also comes
on. The recirculation mode can be used with vent
and bi-level modes, but it cannot be used with floor,
defog, defrost or outside air modes.
Press this button to turn
the air-conditioning system on or off. When A/C is
pressed, an indicator light in the button will come on to
let you know that air conditioning is activated.
On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside air
escape; then close them. This helps to reduce the time
it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also helps
the system to operate more efficiently.
The air-conditioning system removes moisture from the
air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of
water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling
or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
3-27
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity,
or moisture, condensing on the cool window glass. This
can be minimized if the climate control system is used
properly. There are two modes to clear fog or frost from
your windshield. Use the defog mode to clear the
windows of fog or moisture and warm the passengers.
Use the defrost mode to remove fog or frost from the
windshield more quickly.
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
Turn the right knob to select the defog or defrost mode.
- (Defog): This mode directs air to the windshield
and the floor outlets. When you select this mode,
the system turns off recirculation and runs the
air-conditioning compressor unless the outside
temperature is at or below freezing. The recirculation
mode cannot be selected while in the defog mode.
0 (Defrost):
Pressing this button directs most of the
air to the windshield and the side window outlets, with
some air directed to the floor outlets. In this mode, the
system will automatically turn off recirculation and run the
air-conditioning compressor, unless the outside
temperature is at or below freezing. Recirculation cannot
be selected while in the defrost mode.
Do not drive the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
3-28
< REAR:
Press this button to turn the rear window
defogger on or off. An indicator light in the button
will come on to let you know that the rear window
defogger is activated.
The rear window defogger will turn off about 10 minutes
after the button is pressed. If turned on again, the
defogger will only run for about five minutes before
turning off. The defogger can also be turned off
by pressing the button again or by turning off the engine.
Notice: Don’t use anything sharp on the inside of
the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage
the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty. Do not attach a temporary
vehicle license, tape, a decal or anything similar
to the defogger grid.
Outlet Adjustment
Rear Climate Control System
(Without Entertainment System)
Your vehicle may have a rear climate control system
that allows the driver to adjust the fan speed or a
rear-seat passenger to set a separate temperature and
adjust the fan speed, for the rear seating area. This
system works with the main climate control system in
your vehicle.
Use the knob located in the center of the outlet, to
change the direction of the air flow.
Operation Tips
This knob is located below
the main climate control
system on the instrument
panel switchbank. Use
this knob to adjust the fan
speed for the rear seat
passengers.
• Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
inlets on the hood that may block the flow of air
into your vehicle.
• Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the system.
• Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects
to help circulate the air inside your vehicle more
effectively.
3-29
The fan knob located on the switchbank must be turned
to R (Rear) to allow the rear seat passengers to use
the controls located on the control panel in the rear
seating area. Performing this action disables the
fan knob on the switchbank. To return control to that
knob, turn the knob out of R.
To direct the airflow to the rear seating area, use the
right knob located on the main climate control panel.
• Select vent or bi-level mode to direct air to the
rear of the vehicle through the overhead outlets.
These controls are overhead, on the control panel located
behind the driver’s seat. A rear seat passenger can use
these controls to personally adjust the temperature and
the fan speed for the rear seating area.
3-30
• Select floor, defog, or defrost mode to direct air to
the rear of the vehicle through the floor outlets.
Generally the upper outlets are used for air conditioning
and the floor outlets are used for heating.
9 (Fan):
Turn the fan knob on either rear fan control
to numeral 1, 2, or 3 to increase or decrease airflow
to the rear seating area. Turn the fan knob on either rear
fan control to 0 or OFF to turn off the fan.
Temperature Control: If the driver is adjusting the
temperature, increase or decrease the temperature for
the entire vehicle using the temperature controls located
on the main climate control panel. The air-conditioning
system must be on to direct cooled air to the rear of the
vehicle. If it is not on, the temperature in the rear of the
vehicle will remain at cabin temperature.
If a rear seat passenger is adjusting the temperature,
turn the right knob, located overhead on the control panel
behind the driver’s seat, clockwise or counterclockwise
to raise or lower the temperature in the rear seating
area only.
Rear Air Outlets
To increase airflow through the rear floor outlets, place
the left bucket seat in the second row in the forward
position. For more information, see Rear Seat Operation
on page 1-6.
The outlet behind the left rear seat is the cold air return
outlet. Be sure to keep it free from obstructions.
Also, keep the area around the base of the center
instrument panel console, between and under the front
seats, free of objects that could also obstruct airflow
to the rear seating area.
For more information on how to use the main climate
control system, see “Climate Control System” listed
previously in this section. For information on ventilation,
see “Outlet Adjustment” under “Climate Control
System” listed previously in this section.
3-31
Rear Climate Control System
(With Entertainment System)
Your vehicle may have a rear climate control system
that allows the driver to adjust the fan speed or a
rear seat passenger to set a separate temperature and
adjust the fan speed, for the rear seating area. This
system works with the main climate control system in
your vehicle.
This knob is located below
the main climate control
system on the instrument
panel switchbank. Use
this knob to adjust the fan
speed for the rear seat
passengers.
These controls are overhead, on the control panel located
behind the front seats. A rear seat passenger can use
these controls to personally adjust the temperature and
the fan speed for the rear seating area.
The fan knob located on the switchbank must be turned
to R (Rear) to allow the rear seat passengers to use the
controls located on the control panel in the rear seating
area. If this fan knob is not in R when the FAN or TEMP
button is pressed, the rear control panel will show
DISABLED.
To direct the airflow to the rear seating area, use the
right knob located on the main climate control panel.
• Select vent or bi-level mode to direct air to the
rear of the vehicle through the overhead outlets.
• Select floor, defog, or defrost mode to direct air to
the rear of the vehicle through the floor outlets.
Generally the upper outlets are used for air conditioning
and the floor outlets are used for heating.
3-32
9 (Fan):
If the driver is adjusting the fan speed, use
this control. Turn the fan knob on the rear fan control
located below the main climate control system on
the switchbank to numeral 1, 2, or 3 to increase or
decrease airflow to the rear seating area. Turn the fan
knob on the rear fan control to 0 to turn off the fan.
FAN: If a rear-seat passenger is adjusting the fan
speed, use this control. Press the FAN button on the
rear control panel. The display will show the current
setting. Press the left and right arrow buttons to cycle
through the available settings of OFF, LOW, MED,
and HIGH.
Temperature Control: If the driver is adjusting the
temperature, increase or decrease the temperature for
the entire vehicle using the temperature controls
located on the main climate control panel. The
air-conditioning system must be on to direct cooled air
to the rear of the vehicle. If it is not on, the temperature
in the rear of the vehicle will remain at cabin
temperature.
Rear Air Outlets
To increase airflow through the rear floor outlets, place
the left bucket seat in the second row in the forward
position. For more information, see Rear Seat Operation
on page 1-6.
The outlet behind the left rear seat is the cold air return
outlet. Be sure to keep it free from obstructions.
Also, keep the area around the base of the center
instrument panel console, between and under the front
seats, free of objects that could also obstruct airflow
to the rear seating area.
For more information on how to use the main climate
control system, see “Climate Control System” listed
previously in this section. For information on ventilation,
see “Outlet Adjustment” under “Climate Control
System” listed previously in this section.
If a rear-seat passenger is adjusting the temperature,
press the TEMP button on the rear control panel.
Use the left arrow button to make the air cooler. Use
the right arrow button to make the air warmer.
3-33
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Passenger compartment air, both outside and
recirculated air, is routed through a passenger
compartment filter. The filter removes certain
contaminants from the air, including pollen and dust
particles. Reductions in airflow, which may occur more
quickly in dusty areas, indicate that the filter needs to be
replaced early. For how often to change the air filter, see
Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
The access panel for the passenger compartment air
filter is located in the back of the glove box. To replace
the filter, do the following:
1. Pull the tab located on the outer access panel up
and out.
3-34
3. The first air filter will pull straight out. To remove
the second, reach in and slide it toward the
opening. Pull the second filter out.
4. Replace the filters by reversing Step 3. Make sure
the filters are inserted so that the sealing foam is
angled in the same direction on both filters. For the
type of filter to use, see Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts on page 6-12.
5. Close the inner access door, while squeezing the
tab. Be sure it is tightly closed.
6. Snap the outer access panel into the back of the
glove box.
2. Then push the tab, located on the left of the inner
access panel, to the right.
3-35
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that may
be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause
an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you
or others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will
see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
3-36
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages
and warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly – and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle also has a message center that works
along with the warning lights and gages. See Message
Center on page 3-50.
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and many other things you’ll need to drive safely and economically.
The indicator warning lights and gages are explained on the following pages.
United States version shown, Canada similar
3-37
Cluster with Tachometer
3-38
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven, in either miles (used in the United States)
or kilometers (used in Canada).
Your vehicle has a tamper-resistant odometer.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to
the mileage total of the old odometer, then that will
be done. If it cannot be, it will be set at zero and a label
must be put on the driver’s door to show the old
mileage reading when the new odometer was installed.
Dual Trip Odometers
In addition to the standard odometer, the cluster can also
display two separate trip odometers, designated by the
letter A or B in the display window, as well as your
vehicle’s Engine Oil Life, which is designated by the word
OIL in the display window. The display can be toggled
between the odometer, the trip odometers, and engine oil
life by quickly pressing and releasing the trip/reset button
located to the right of the temperature gage. The display
toggles once each time the trip/reset button is pressed for
less than 1.5 seconds. The display toggles in the
following sequence: Odometer - Trip Odometer A - Trip
Odometer B - Engine Oil Life. If the engine oil life is left on
the display, it will automatically toggle back to the
odometer after about 15 seconds. Each of the two trip
odometers can be used to keep track of different trip
distances, such as the mileage of a long trip and the
mileage driven on the current tank of fuel. The trip
odometers will continue to keep track of miles
(kilometers) driven even if they are not currently
displayed. To reset the odometer to zero, press and hold
the trip/reset button for at least 1.5 seconds, but less than
three seconds. Only the trip odometer that is showing in
the display will be reset.
3-39
Retro-Active Reset
Each of the two trip odometers has a feature called
retro-active reset. This feature can be used to set either
or both trip odometer(s) to the number of miles
(kilometers) driven since the ignition was last turned on.
This can be used if you forget to reset your trip odometer
at the beginning of a trip. To use the retro-active reset
feature, press and hold the trip/reset button for at least
three seconds. The trip odometer will then display the
number of miles (kilometers) driven since the ignition was
last turned on and you began driving. If you use the
retro-active reset feature after you have started the
vehicle, but before you begin moving, the display will
show the number of miles (kilometers) you drove during
the last ignition cycle. Once you begin driving, the trip
odometer will accumulate mileage. For example, if you
have driven 5.0 miles (8.0 km) since you started your
vehicle, and then activate the retro-active reset feature,
the display will show 5.0 miles (8.0 km). As you drive, the
display will then increase to 5.1 miles (8.2 km), 5.2 miles
(8.4 km), etc. Only the trip odometer that is displayed will
be affected by the retro-active reset so that both trip
odometers can be used separately.
3-40
Tachometer
Your vehicle may have a tachometer that displays the
engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm).
Notice: If you operate the engine with the
tachometer in the shaded warning area, your vehicle
could be damaged, and the damages would not
be covered by your warranty. Do not operate
the engine with the tachometer in the shaded
warning area.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash for
a few seconds. Then the
light should go out. This
means the system is ready.
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for several seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for several seconds. If
the driver’s belt is already
buckled, neither the
chime nor the light will
come on.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air
bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
{CAUTION:
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.
The system check includes the air bag sensor, the air
bag modules, the wiring and the diagnostic module. For
more information on the air bag system, see Air Bag
Systems on page 1-84.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
3-41
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Brake System Warning Light
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will come on when you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two
parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still
work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need
both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
United States
3-42
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it doesn’t come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the
floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on,
have the vehicle towed for service. See Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light on page 3-43 and Towing Your
Vehicle on page 4-33.
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you
have pulled off the road and stopped carefully,
have the vehicle towed for service.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light
Your vehicle may have this
light. If it does, the anti-lock
brake system warning light
should come on for a few
seconds when you turn the
ignition key to RUN.
United States
If the anti-lock brake system warning light stays on
longer than normal after you’ve started your engine, turn
the ignition off. Or, if the light comes on and stays on
when you’re driving, stop as soon as possible and turn
the ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset
the system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again
while you’re driving, the anti-lock brake system needs
service and you don’t have anti-lock brakes.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If
the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Canada
Your vehicle may have a traction control system
warning light. The traction control system warning light
may come on for the following reasons:
• If you turn the system off by pressing the TCS
button located in the instrument panel switchbank
the warning light will come on and stay on. To
turn the system back on, press the button again.
The warning light should go off. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 4-10 for more
information.
3-43
• If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
related to traction control, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning light will come
on. If your brakes begin to overheat, the traction
control system will turn off and the warning light will
come on until your brakes cool down.
• If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
United States
3-44
Canada
This gage shows the
engine coolant
temperature. If the gage
pointer moves into the red
area, your engine is
too hot!
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Service Engine Soon Light in the
United States or Check Engine Light
in Canada
Cluster with Tachometer
United States
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If
you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-25.
3-45
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life
of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment.
The SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service
is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent. This may prevent
more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this
light on, after a while, your emission controls
may not work as well, your fuel economy may not
be as good and your engine may not run as
smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that may
not be covered by your warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transaxle, exhaust, intake or fuel system of your
vehicle or the replacement of the original tires with
other than those of the same Tire Performance
3-46
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is
not running. If the light does not come on, have it
repaired. This light will also come on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
and may damage the emission control system on
your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be
required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Diagnosis and service may be required.
If the Light Is Flashing
If the Light Is On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
•
•
•
•
Reducing vehicle speed.
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
Avoiding hard accelerations.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-7. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing
fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart
the engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is still
flashing, follow the previous steps, and see your dealer
for service as soon as possible.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
3-47
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
Gasoline Octane on page 5-4. Poor fuel quality will
cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling
when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation
on acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the
light to turn on.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
registration.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the SERVICE
ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light is on or not
working properly.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has the
proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix any
mechanical or electrical problems that may have
developed.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if
you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is
designed to evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days
of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle
still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD
system readiness, your GM dealer can prepare the
vehicle for inspection.
3-48
Fuel Gage
United States
When the indicator nears
empty, you still have a little
fuel left, but you should
get more soon.
Canada
Cluster with Tachometer
If your fuel is low, the warning message in the message
center will come on. See Low Fuel Warning Message
on page 3-57.
3-49
Your fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you have
left when the ignition is on.
Message Center
Here are four things that some owners ask about. All
these things are normal and do not indicate that
anything is wrong with the fuel gage.
The message center is located in the instrument
panel cluster. It gives you important safety and
maintenance facts.
• At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads full.
• It takes a little more or a little less fuel to fill up than
Service Traction System Warning
Message
the gage reads. For example, the gage reads half
full, but it took more or less than half of the
tank’s capacity to fill it.
• The gage pointer may move while cornering,
braking or speeding up.
• The gage may not indicate empty when the ignition
is turned off.
United States
Canada
If your vehicle has the traction control system and this
message is displayed when you’re driving, there may be
a problem with your traction control system. Your
vehicle may need service.
3-50
When this message is displayed, the traction control
system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving
accordingly.
Traction Active Message
The message may appear for the following reasons:
• If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning message will
come on.
• If your brakes begin to overheat, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning message will
come on until your brakes cool down.
• If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
the warning message will come on.
If the traction control system warning message comes
on and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
United States
Canada
If your vehicle has the traction control system, the
TRACTION ACTIVE message will appear when the
traction control system is limiting wheel spin. You may
feel or hear the system working, but this is normal.
Slippery road conditions may exist if this message
appears, so adjust your driving accordingly. The
message will stay on for a few seconds after the traction
control system stops limiting wheel spin.
3-51
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Message
United States
Canada
This message will come on when your engine gets
too hot.
If this message comes on, it means that your engine
coolant has overheated. If you have been operating your
vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should
pull off the road, stop your vehicle and turn off the
engine as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-25.
3-52
Charging System Indicator Message
The charging system
battery symbol will come
on in the message
center when you turn on
the ignition as a check
to show you it is working.
It will remain on as long as the engine is not running. It
should go out once the engine is running. If it stays
on, or comes on while you are driving, you may have a
problem with the charging system. It could indicate
that you have problems with a generator drive belt, or
another electrical problem. Have it checked right
away. Driving while this indicator appears in the
message center could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the message on,
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such as
the radio and air conditioner.
Low Oil Pressure Message
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
United States
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a low oil pressure warning
message.
Your oil pressure message lets you know when you
may have a problem with your engine oil pressure.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance may
damage the engine. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Always follow the
maintenance schedule in this manual for changing
engine oil.
When the engine is running and this message appears,
the engine oil level may be too low. There may also
be another problem causing low oil pressure.
3-53
Change Engine Oil Message
United States
Canada
When this message comes on and stays on after you
have started the engine, it means that service is required
for your vehicle. See Scheduled Maintenance on
page 6-4 and Engine Oil on page 5-13 for more
information.
3-54
Power Sliding Door Warning
Message
United States
Canada
This message will come on if the power sliding door is
not completely closed and the ignition is turned to
RUN or START.
If you shift the transaxle out of PARK (P) while the
power sliding door is open or in the process of closing,
and the power sliding door is turned off, a buzzer
will sound. This is a warning that the power sliding door
is not completely closed.
Door Ajar Warning Message
{CAUTION:
If you shift the transaxle out of PARK (P) and
accelerate before the power sliding door
latches closed, the door may reverse to the
open position. A child or others could fall out
of the vehicle and be injured. Always make
sure the power sliding door is closed and
latched before you drive away.
United States
Canada
This message will come on when the ignition is turned
to RUN or START and the driver’s or passenger’s
door is open.
It may also come on if a sliding door is not in the fully
latched position.
3-55
Rear Hatch Ajar Warning Message
United States
Canada
This message will come on when the ignition is turned
to RUN or START and the rear hatch is open.
PASS-Key® III Security Message
United States
Canada
If you are ever driving and this message comes on and
stays on, you will be able to restart your engine if
you turn it off.
Your PASS-Key® III system, however, is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your
vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key® III system at
this time. See PASS-Key® III on page 2-29 for more
information.
3-56
All-Wheel Drive Disable Warning
Message
Low Fuel Warning Message
United States
United States
Canada
Your vehicle may have this message. If it does, it will
come on when there is a spare tire on the vehicle, or
when the anti-lock brake system warning light comes on,
or when the rear differential fluid is overheating. This
message will go out when the differential fluid cools.
Canada
If your fuel is low, the warning message will come on
and stay on until you add fuel.
If the warning message is still on after adding fuel, you
need to reset the warning message. To reset the
warning message, turn the ignition off and then back on.
If the message stays on, see your dealer.
The all-wheel drive system will be disabled until the
compact spare tire is replaced by a full-size tire. If the
warning message is still on after putting on the full-size
tire, you need to reset the warning message. To
reset the warning message, turn the ignition off and
then back on again. If the message stays on, see your
dealer right away. See All-Wheel Drive (AWD)
System on page 4-11 for more information.
3-57
Driver Information Center (DIC)
E/M (English/Metric Button): You can change the
display to a metric or English reading at any time
by pressing E/M.
MODE: Press this button to cycle through three modes
of operation – off, compass/temperature and trip
computer mode.
Off: No driver information is displayed in this mode of
operation.
Compass/Temperature Mode: One of eight compass
readings and the outside temperature are displayed.
If the temperature is below 38°F (3°C), the temperature
reading will toggle between displaying the outside
temperature and the word ICE for two minutes.
Your vehicle may have a DIC. If it does, the DIC will show
information about the vehicle and the surroundings.
3-58
Trip Computer Mode: In the trip computer mode,
pressing the MODE button cycles through the five
displays. Press the MODE button after the last trip
computer display to return the DIC to the OFF mode.
See “Trip Computer” later in this section for more
information.
Compass Variance
Compass variance is the difference between magnetic
north and geographic north. In some areas of the
country, the difference is great enough to cause the
compass to give false readings. If this occurs, the
compass variance must be set.
Setting the Variance
The last entered variance zone number will be
displayed. Press the E/M button until the proper variance
number, as shown on the map, is showing. Press the
MODE button to set the new variance zone and resume
normal operation.
The display will show all the display segments briefly to
acknowledge the change in the zone number.
Automatic Compass Calibration
The compass is self-calibrating, which eliminates the
need to manually set the compass. When the vehicle is
new, the calibration process may not be complete. In
these cases the calibration symbol C will be displayed
where the compass reading is normally displayed.
To calibrate the compass, in an area free from large
metal objects, make three 360° turns. The calibration
symbol will turn off and the compass reading will
be displayed.
Turn the ignition on and cycle the DIC to the
compass/temperature mode. Press both the E/M and
MODE buttons simultaneously for about five seconds.
3-59
Manual Compass Calibration
If the compass appears erratic and the calibration
symbol does not appear, you must manually put the
compass into the calibration mode.
Turn the ignition on and cycle the DIC to the
compass/temperature mode. Press both the E/M and
MODE buttons simultaneously for at least 10 seconds
until the calibration symbol appears. Release both
buttons and complete three 360° turns in an area free
from large metal objects. The calibration symbol will turn
off and the compass reading will be displayed.
Error Displays
• An error of the vehicle’s speed sensor or fuel
sender will cause -E- to be displayed.
• In the absence of vehicle communications, a dash
“- -” is displayed.
If one of these error messages appear, see your dealer.
Trip Computer
There are five trip computer displays available by
pushing the MODE button. The information will appear
in the following order:
AVG ECON (Average Fuel Economy): This shows the
average fuel economy since the last reset.
3-60
INST ECON (Instant Fuel Economy): This shows fuel
economy for the most recent second of driving.
RANGE (Trip Range): This shows the estimated
distance that can be traveled with the remaining fuel.
The fuel economy used to calculate range is based
on the last few hours of driving.
FUEL USED (Trip Fuel Used): This shows the
accumulated fuel used since the last reset.
AVG SPEED (Average Speed): This shows the
average speed since the last reset.
Resetting the Trip Computer
Press and hold the MODE and E/M buttons for at least
two seconds. The reset is acknowledged with the
display showing all segments briefly. A reset can only
be done in AVG ECON, FUEL USED and AVG SPEED
displays. AVG ECON, FUEL USED and AVG SPEED
can only be reset independently. Only the mode
that is displayed will be reset.
Audio System(s)
Notice: Before adding any sound equipment to
your vehicle, like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone, or two-way radio, make sure that it can
be added by checking with your dealer. Also,
check federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone units. If sound equipment can be added,
it is very important to do it properly. Added
sound equipment may interfere with the operation
of your vehicle’s engine, radio, or other systems,
and even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
interfere with the operation of sound equipment
that has been added improperly.
Figure out which audio system is in your vehicle, find
out what your audio system can do, and how to operate
all of its controls.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, the audio system can be
played even after the ignition is turned off. See
“Retained Accessory Power (RAP)” under Ignition
Positions on page 2-32.
Setting the Time for Radios without
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
Press and hold the HR or MIN arrow for two seconds.
Then press HR until the correct hour appears on the
display. Press and hold MIN until the correct minute
appears on the display. The time can be set with the
ignition on or off.
Setting the Time for Radios with
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
The radio may have a button marked with an H or HR to
represent hours and an M or MN to represent minutes.
Press and hold the hour button until the correct hour
appears on the display. AM will appear on the display for
morning hours. Press and hold the minute button until
the correct minute appears on the display. The time can
be set with the ignition on or off.
To synchronize the time with an FM station broadcasting
Radio Data System (RDS) information, press and hold
the hour and minute buttons at the same time until
UPDATED appears on the display. If the time is not
available from the station, NO UPDAT will appear on the
display.
RDS time is broadcast once a minute. After tuning to an
RDS broadcast station, it may take a few minutes for the
time to update.
3-61
AM-FM Radio
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between FM1,
FM2, or AM. The display will show the selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
o SEEK p: Press the right or the left arrow to go to
the next or to the previous station and stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow for
two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will go to a
station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press either SEEK arrow again to stop scanning.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
RCL (Recall): Press this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time. When
the ignition is off, press this knob to display the time.
3-62
To scan preset stations, press and hold either SEEK
arrow for more than four seconds until you hear two
beeps. The radio will go to the first preset station stored
on your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on
to the next preset station. Press either SEEK arrow again
to stop scanning presets.
The radio will only seek and scan stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM) can be
programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons, by
performing the following steps:
AUDIO: To adjust the bass and the treble, press and
release AUDIO until BAS or TRE appears on the
display. Then press and hold the up or the down arrow
to increase or to decrease. If a station is weak or
noisy, decrease the treble.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that
numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station
that was set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
To adjust bass or treble to the middle position, select
BAS or TRE. Then press and hold AUDIO for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep. B and a zero or T
and a zero will appear on the display.
To adjust both tone controls and both speaker controls
to the middle position, first end out of audio mode
by pressing another button, causing the radio to perform
that function, or by waiting five seconds for the display
to return to time of day. Then press and hold AUDIO for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep. CEN
will appear on the display.
3-63
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
Radio Messages
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, press and release the AUDIO
button until BAL appears on the display. Then press and
hold the up or the down arrow to move the sound
toward the right or the left speakers.
CAL (Calibration): The audio system has been
calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If CAL
appears on the display it means that the radio has not
been configured properly for your vehicle and must
be returned to the dealer for service.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, press and release AUDIO until FAD appears
on the display. Then press and hold the up or the
down arrow to move the sound toward the front or the
rear speakers.
LOC (Locked): This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. Take the vehicle
to the dealer for service.
To adjust balance or fade to the middle position, select
BAL or FAD. Then press and hold AUDIO for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. L and a zero
or F and a zero will appear on the display.
To adjust both tone controls and both speaker controls
to the middle position, first end out of audio mode
by pressing another button, causing the radio to perform
that function, or by waiting five seconds for the display
to return to time of day. Then press and hold AUDIO for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep. CEN
will appear on the display.
3-64
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Radio with CD (Base Level)
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station name
or the call letters will appear on the display instead of the
frequency. RDS stations may also provide the time of
day, a program type (PTY) for current programming, and
the name of the program being broadcast.
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk, and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
3-65
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, your audio system adjusts automatically
to make up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. AVOL will appear
on the display. Each higher setting will allow for more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then as
you drive, automatic volume increases the volume,
as necessary, to overcome noise at any speed.
The volume level should always sound the same to you
as you drive. NONE will appear on the display if the
radio cannot determine the vehicle speed. If you do not
want to use automatic volume, select OFF.
3-66
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time.
Time display is available with the ignition turned off.
For RDS, press the DISPL knob to change what appears
on the display while using RDS. The display options
are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY, and the
name of the program (if available).
For XM™ (48 contiguous US states, if equipped), press
the DISPL knob while in XM™ mode to retrieve four
different categories of information related to the current
song or channel: Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY,
Channel Number/Channel Name.
To change the default on the display, press the DISPL
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
this knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one
beep and the selected display will now be the default.
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if
equipped). The display will show your selection.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations
(six FM1, six FM2, and six AM, six XM1 and six XM2
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by performing the
following steps:
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
q SEEK r:
Press the right or the left arrow to go to
the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
q PSCAN r (Preset Scan):
Press and hold
either arrow for more than two seconds. SCAN will
appear on the display and the radio will produce one
beep. The radio will go to the first preset station stored
on the pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press either arrow again or
one of the pushbuttons to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to the preset stations that are in
the selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE to select the equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the station
you set will return and the equalization that you
selected will be automatically stored for that
pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-67
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to
increase or to decrease. The display will show the bass
or the treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, you
may want to decrease the treble.
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push and release the AUDIO
knob until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to
move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the bass and the treble to the middle position,
push and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and adjust the display level to the middle
position.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. ALL will appear on
the display and you will hear a beep with the level
display in the middle position.
AUTO TONE (Automatic Tone): Press this button to
select customized equalization settings designed
for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and classical.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode,
push and release the AUDIO knob until MANUAL
appears on the display.
3-68
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, push and release the AUDIO knob until FADE
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the
sound toward the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust the balance and the fade to the middle
position, push the AUDIO knob, then push it again and
hold it until you hear one beep. The balance and the
fade will be adjusted to the middle position and the
display will show the speaker balance.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. ALL will appear on
the display and you will hear a beep with the level
display in the middle position.
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(RDS and XM™)
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will search for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
If the radio cannot find the desired program type, NONE
will appear on the display and the radio will return to
the last station you were listening to.
1. Press the P-TYPE knob to activate program
type select mode. TYPE and a PTY will appear on
the display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press the
SEEK TYPE button to take you to the PTY’s
first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that PTY
and the PTY is displayed, press the SEEK TYPE
button once. If the PTY is not displayed, press
the SEEK TYPE button twice to display the PTY and
then to go to another station.
5. Press P-TYPE to exit program type select mode.
If PTY times out and is no longer on the display,
go back to Step 1.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on,
press and hold BAND for two seconds. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations.
To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
3-69
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a CD is playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop
during the announcement. You will not be able to turn
off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information symbol will appear on the
display. Press this button to see the message. The
message may display the artist, song title, call in phone
numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message at your own speed, press
the INFO button repeatedly. A new group of words will
appear on the display with each press. Once the
complete message has been displayed, the information
symbol will disappear from the display until another
new message is received. The old message can
be displayed by pressing the INFO button. You can
view an old message until a new message is received
or a different station is tuned to.
3-70
When a message is not available from a station,
NO INFO will appear on the display.
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAF appears on the display, the
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements
and when a traffic announcement comes on the tuned
radio station you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press the TRAF button and the
radio will seek to a station that does. When the radio
finds a station that broadcasts traffic announcements,
the radio will stop and TRAF will be displayed. When a
traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station you will hear it. If no station is found, NO TRAF
will appear on the display.
If TRAF is on the display you can press the TRAF
button to turn off the traffic announcements.
Your radio will play the traffic announcement even if the
volume is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of a
CD if the last tuned station broadcasts traffic
announcements.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): Your audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If CAL ERR
appears on the display it means that your radio has not been configured properly for your vehicle and must be
returned to the dealer for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. You must return to the dealer
for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your dealer.
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating
encryption code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No Signal
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
3-71
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
CH Unavl
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. Your system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
3-72
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XM Lock
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label. This
label is needed to activate your service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Check XM
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
3-73
Playing a CD
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in, and READING will appear on
the display. The CD should begin playing and the CD
symbol will appear on the display. If you want to insert a
CD with the ignition off, first press the EJT button or
the DISPL knob.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a CD in the player it
will stay in the player. When you turn on the ignition or
radio, the CD will start to play where it stopped, if it was
the last selected audio source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 8cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced due
to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality of
the music that has been recorded, and the way the CD-R
has been handled. You may experience an increase in
skipping, difficulty in finding tracks and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a known
good CD.
3-74
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
start of the current track if it has been playing for
more than eight seconds. TRACK and the track number
will appear on the display. If you hold this pushbutton
or press it more than once, the player will continue
moving backward through the CD.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the display.
If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the CD.
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at six
times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to reverse at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release the pushbutton to
play the passage. ET and the elapsed time of the track
will appear on the dispay.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at six
times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release the pushbutton to play
the passage. ET and the elapsed time of the track
will appear on the dispay.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM ON
will appear on the display. RDM T and the track
number will appear on the display when each track
starts to play. Press RDM again to turn off random play.
RDM OFF will appear on the display.
q SEEK r:
Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current or of the previous track. Press the right arrow
to go to the start of the next track. If you hold either arrow
or press it more than once, the player will continue
moving backward or forward through the CD.
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time
of the track will appear on the display. To change the
default on the display (track or elapsed time), press this
knob until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one beep
and the selected display will now be the default.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio. The CD symbol will appear
on the display when a CD is loaded.
Z EJT (Eject):
Press this button to eject a CD. Eject
may be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this
button is pressed first.
3-75
CD Messages
If CHECK CD appears on the display and the CD
comes out, it could be for one of the following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smooth, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
3-76
Radio with CD (MP3)
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station name
or the call letters will appear on the display instead of the
frequency. RDS stations may also provide the time of
day, a program type (PTY) for current programming, and
the name of the program being broadcast.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk, and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
3-77
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, your audio system adjusts automatically
to make up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. AVOL will appear
on the display. Each higher setting will allow for more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then as
you drive, automatic volume increases the volume,
as necessary, to overcome noise at any speed.
The volume level should always sound the same to you
as you drive. NONE will appear on the display if the
radio cannot determine the vehicle speed. If you do not
want to use automatic volume, select OFF.
3-78
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time.
Time display is available with the ignition turned off.
For RDS, press the DISPL knob to change what appears
on the display while using RDS. The display options
are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY, and the
name of the program (if available).
For XM™ (48 contiguous US states, if equipped), press
the DISPL knob while in XM™ mode to retrieve four
different categories of information related to the current
song or channel: Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY,
Channel Number/Channel Name.
To change the default on the display, press the DISPL
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
this knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one
beep and the selected display will now be the default.
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if
equipped). The display will show your selection.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations
(six FM1, six FM2, and six AM, six XM1 and six XM2
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by performing
the following steps:
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
o SEEK p:
Press the right or the left arrow to go to
the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
o PSCAN p (Preset Scan):
Press and hold
either arrow for more than two seconds. SCAN will
appear on the display and the radio will produce one
beep. The radio will scan to the first preset station stored
on the pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press either arrow again or
one of the pushbuttons to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to the preset stations that are in
the selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM, or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE to select the equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the station
you set will return and the equalization that you
selected will be automatically stored for that
pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-79
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to
increase or to decrease. The display will show the bass
or the treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, you
may want to decrease the treble.
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push and release the AUDIO
knob until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to
move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the bass and the treble to the middle position,
push and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. ALL will appear on
the display and you will hear a beep.
AUTO TONE (Automatic Tone): Press this button to
select customized equalization settings designed
for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and classical.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode,
push and release the AUDIO knob until MANUAL
appears on the display.
3-80
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, push and release the AUDIO knob until FADE
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the
sound toward the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust the balance and the fade to the middle
position, push the AUDIO knob, then push it again and
hold it until you hear one beep.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. ALL will appear on
the display and you will hear a beep.
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(RDS and XM™)
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will search for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
If the radio cannot find the desired program type, NONE
will appear on the display and the radio will return to
the last station you were listening to.
1. Press the P-TYPE knob to activate program
type select mode. TYPE and a PTY will appear on
the display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press the
SEEK TYPE button to take you to the PTY’s
first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that PTY
and the PTY is displayed, press the SEEK TYPE
button once. If the PTY is not displayed, press
the SEEK TYPE button twice to display the PTY and
then to go to another station.
5. Press P-TYPE to exit program type select mode.
IF PTY times out and is no longer on the display,
go back to Step 1.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on,
press and hold BAND for two seconds. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations.
To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
3-81
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a CD is playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop
during the announcement. You will not be able to turn
off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information symbol will appear on the
display. Press this button to see the message. The
message may display the artist, song title, call in phone
numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message at your own speed, press
the INFO button repeatedly. A new group of words will
appear on the display with each press. Once the
complete message has been displayed, the information
symbol will disappear from the display until another
new message is received. The old message can
be displayed by pressing the INFO button. You can
view an old message until a new message is received
or a different station is tuned to.
3-82
When a message is not available from a station,
NO INFO will appear on the display.
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAF appears on the display, the
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements
and when a traffic announcement comes on the tuned
radio station you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press the TRAF button and the
radio will seek to a station that does. When the radio
finds a station that broadcasts traffic announcements,
the radio will stop and TRAF will be displayed. When a
traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station you will hear it. If no station is found, NO TRAF
will appear on the display.
If TRAF is on the display you can press the TRAF
button to turn of the traffic announcements.
Your radio will play the traffic announcement if the
volume is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of a
CD if the last tuned station broadcasts traffic
announcements.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): Your audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If CAL ERR
appears on the display it means that your radio has not been configured properly for your vehicle and it must be
returned to the dealer for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. You must return to the dealer
for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your dealer.
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating
encryption code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No Signal
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
3-83
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
CH Unavl
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. Your system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
3-84
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XM Lock
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label. This
label is needed to activate your service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Check XM
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
3-85
Playing a CD
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in, and READING will appear on
the display. The CD should begin playing and the CD
symbol will appear on the display. If you want to insert a
CD with the ignition off, first press the EJT button or
the DISPL knob.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a CD in the
player it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or radio, the CD will start to play where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 8cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
3-86
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
1 FLDx (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to
the start of the current track if more than eight seconds
have played. TRACK and the track number will
appear on the display. If you hold this pushbutton or
press it more than once, the player will continue moving
backward through the CD.
2 FLDw (Next): Press this pushbutton to go to the
next track. TRACK and the track number will appear on
the display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it
more than once, the player will continue moving forward
through the CD.
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at 10
times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to reverse at 20 times the
normal playing speed. Release the pushbutton to
play the passage. The display will show REV and the
elapsed time of the track.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at six
times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release the pushbutton to play
the passage. The display will show ET and the elapsed
time of the track.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM ON
will appear on the display. RDM T and the track
number will appear on the display when each track
starts to play. Press RDM again to turn off random play.
RDM OFF will appear on the display.
o SEEK p: Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current or the previous track. Press the right
arrow to go to the start of the next track. Pressing either
arrow for more than two seconds will search the
previous or next tracks at two tracks per second. When
you see the track number that you would like to play,
release the button to stop searching and to play
the track.
TUNE: Turning the TUNE knob will fast track reverse or
advance through tracks. The track number will appear
on the display for each track.
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed
time of the track will appear on the display. To change
the default on the display (track or elapsed time),
press this knob until you see the display you want, then
hold the knob for two seconds. The radio will produce
one beep and the selected display will now be the
default.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio. The CD symbol will appear
on the display when a CD is loaded.
Z EJT (Eject):
Press this button to eject a CD. Eject
may be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
CDs may be loaded with the ignition and radio off if this
button is pressed first.
3-87
Using an MP3 CD
Root Directory
MP3 Format
The root directory will be treated as a folder. If the root
directory has compressed audio files, the directory
will be displayed as F1 ROOT. All files contained directly
under the root directory will be accessed prior to any
root directory folders. However, playlists (Px) will always
be accessed before root folders or files.
This MP3 player will accept MP3 files that were recorded
on an up to 700 MB CD-R CD. The files can be
recorded with the following fixed bit rates: 32 kbps, 40
kpbs, 56 kpbs, 64 kpbs, 80 kpbs, 96 kpbs, 112
kpbs, 128 kpbs, 160 kpbs, 192 kpbs, 224 kpbs, 256
kpbs, and 320 kpbs or a variable bit rate. Song
title, artist name, and album will be available when
recorded using ID3 tags versions 1 and 2.
The player will be able to read and play a maximum of 50
folders, 50 playlists, 10 sessions, and 255 files. Long file,
folder, or playlist names or a combination of a large
number of files and folders or playlists may cause the
player to be unable to play up to the maximum number of
files, folders, playlists, or sessions. If you wish to play
large numbers of files, folders, playlists or sessions
minimize the length of the file, folder or playlist name. You
can also play an MP3 CD that was recorded using no file
folders. The system can support up to 11 folders in depth,
though, keep the depth of the folders to a minimum in
order to keep down the complexity and confusion in trying
to locate a particular folder during playback. If a CD
contains more than the maximum of 50 folders, 50
playlists, 10 sessions, and 255 files the player will let you
access and navigate up to the maximum, but all items
over the maximum will be ignored.
3-88
Empty Directory or Folder
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere in the
file structure that contains only folders/subfolders and no
compressed files directly beneath them, the player will
advance to the next folder in the file structure that
contains compressed audio files and the empty folder
will not be displayed or numbered.
No Folder
When the CD contains only compressed files, the files will
be located under the root folder. The next and previous
folder functions will have no function on a CD that was
recorded without folders or playlists. When displaying the
name of the folder the radio will display ROOT.
When the CD contains only playlists and compressed
audio files, but no folders, all files will be located under
the root folder. The folder down and the folder up
buttons will search playlists (Px) first and then go to the
root folder. When the radio displays the name of the
folder the radio will display ROOT.
Order of Play
File System and Naming
Tracks will be played in the following order:
The song name that will be displayed will be the song
name that is contained in the ID3 tag. If the song name is
not present in the ID3 tag, then the radio will display the
file name without the extension (such as.mp3) as the
track name.
• Play will begin from the first track in the first playlist
and will continue sequentially through all tracks in
each playlist. When the last track of the last playlist
has been played, play will continue from the first
track of the first playlist.
• If the CD does not contain any playlists, then play
will begin from the first track under the root
directory. When all tracks from the root directory
have been played, play will continue from files
according to their numerical listing. After playing the
last track from the last folder, play will begin
again at the first track of the first folder or root
directory.
When play enters a new folder, the display will not
automatically show the new folder name unless
you have chosen the folder mode as the default display,
see DISPL later in this section. The new track name
will be displayed.
Track names longer than 32 characters or 4 pages will
be shortened. The display will not show parts of
words on the last page of text and the extension of the
filename will not be displayed.
Preprogrammed Playlists
You can access preprogrammed playlists which were
created by WinAmp™, MusicMatch™, or Real
Jukebox™ software, however, you will not have editing
capability. These playlists will be treated as special
folders containing compressed audio song files.
3-89
Playing an MP3
With the ignition on, insert a CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull it in, and READING will
appear on the display. The CD should begin playing
and the CD symbol will appear on the display. If
you want to insert a CD with the ignition off, first press
the EJT button or the DISPL knob.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a CD in the
player it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or radio, the CD will start to play where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 8cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
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Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
1 FLDx (Previous Folder): Press this pushbutton to
go to the first track in the previous folder. Pressing
this button while in folder random mode will take you to
the previous folder and random the tracks in that
folder.
2 FLDw (Next Folder): Press this pushbutton to go to
the first track in the next folder. Pressing this button
while in folder random mode will take you to the
next folder and random the tracks in that folder.
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at 10
times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to reverse at 20 times the
normal playing speed. Release the pushbutton to
play the track. The display will show REV and the
elapsed time of the track.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at 10
times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to advance at 20 times the
normal playing speed. Release the pushbutton to
play the track. The display will show FWD and the
elapsed time of the track.
6 RDM (Random): To random the tracks in the current
folder or playlist, press and release this pushbutton.
FLDR RDM will appear on the display. Once all of the
tracks in the current folder or playlist have been
played the system will move on to the next folder or
playlist and play all of the tracks in random order.
To random all the tracks on the CD, press and hold this
pushbutton for two seconds. You will hear a beep
and CD RDM will appear on the display. This feature
will not work with playlists.
When in random, pressing and releasing either SEEK
arrow will take you to the next or previous random track.
Press and release this pushbutton again to turn off
random play. NO RDM will appear on the display.
o SEEK p: Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the previous track. Press the right arrow to go to the
start of the next track. Pressing either arrow for
more than two seconds will search the previous or next
tracks at two tracks per second. When you see the
track number that you would like to play, release
the button to stop searching and to play the track.
TUNE: Turning the TUNE knob will fast track reverse or
advance through the tracks in all folders or playlists.
The track number and file name will appear on the
display for each track. Turning this knob while in random
will fast track reverse or advance the tracks in
sequential order.
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to switch between
track mode, folder/playlist mode, and time of day mode.
The display will show only eight characters, but there
can be up to four pages of text. If there are more
than eight characters in the song, folder, or playlist
name, pressing this knob within two seconds will take
you to the next page of text. If there are no other pages
to be shown, pressing this knob within two seconds
will take you to the next display mode.
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Track mode will display the current track number and
the ID3 tag song name.
CD Messages
Folder/playlist mode will display the current folder or
playlist number and the folder/playlist name.
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display
and the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
Time of day mode will display the time of day and the
ID3 tag song name.
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
To change the default on the display, press the DISPL
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
this knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one
beep and the selected display will now be the default.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
INFO (Information): INFO will appear on the display
whenever a current track has ID3 tag information. Press
this button to display the artist name and album
contained in the tag. INFO will disappear from the
display when the information in the ID3 tag has finished.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio. The CD symbol will appear
on the display when a CD is loaded.
Z EJT (Eject):
Press this button to eject a CD. Eject
may be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
CDs may be loaded with the ignition and radio off if this
button is pressed first.
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normal, the CD should play.
road becomes smooth, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• The format of the CD may not be compatible. See
“MP3 Format” earlier in this section.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
Radio with Six-Disc CD
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or the call letters will appear on the display instead
of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk, and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements.
3-93
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOLUME: Turn this knob to increase or to decrease
volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): Your system has a
feature called automatic volume. With this feature,
your audio system adjusts automatically to make up for
road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select MIN, MED, or MAX. Each higher setting will
allow for more volume compensation at faster vehicle
speeds. Then, as you drive, automatic volume increases
the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any
speed. The volume level should always sound the same
to you as you drive. If you do not want to use automatic
volume, select OFF.
3-94
RCL (Recall): Press this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time.
Pressing this knob with the ignition off will display
the time.
For XM™ (48 contiguous US states, if equipped), press
the RCL knob while in XM™ mode to retrieve four
different categories of information related to the current
song or channel: Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY,
Channel Number/Channel Name.
To change the default on the display, press the RCL knob
until you see the display you want, then hold the knob
until the display flashes. The selected display will now be
the default.
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if
equipped). The display will show your selection.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations (six FM1,
six FM2, and six AM, six XM1 and six XM2
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by performing
the following steps:
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
sSEEK t:
Press the right or the left arrow to go to
the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
sSCAN t:
Press and hold either SCAN arrow
for two seconds until SC appears on the display and
you hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play for
a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
either SCAN arrow again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds. PRESET SCAN will
appear on the display. You will hear a double beep.
The radio will go to the first preset station stored on your
pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to
the next preset station. Press either SCAN arrow again
to stop scanning presets.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM, or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the station
you set will return and the equalization that you
selected will be automatically stored for that
pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
The radio will scan only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
3-95
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: Push the AUDIO knob until BASS, MID, or
TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to increase
or to decrease. If a station is weak or noisy, you may
want to decrease the treble.
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push the AUDIO knob until BAL
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the
sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust bass, midrange, or treble to the middle
position, select BASS, MID, or TREB and push and hold
the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one beep
and adjust the display level to zero.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, push and hold the AUDIO knob until FAD
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move
the sound toward the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and CENTERED will appear on the display.
To adjust the balance and the fade to the middle
position, select balance or fade and push and hold the
AUDIO knob. The radio will beep once and will
adjust the display level to the middle position.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press this button
to select customized bass, midrange, and treble
equalization settings designed for country, jazz, talk,
pop, rock, and classical.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone or
speaker controls are displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and CENTERED will appear on the display.
To return to the manual mode (CUSTOM), press the
AUTO EQ button until CUSTOM appears on the display.
Then you will be able to manually adjust the bass,
midrange, and treble using the AUDIO knob.
3-96
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(RDS and XM™)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program
type select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected
PTY will appear on the display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press either
SEEK arrow to select the PTY and take you to
the PTY’s first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that PTY
and the PTY is displayed, press either SEEK arrow
once. If the PTY is not displayed, press either
SEEK arrow twice to display the PTY and then to
go to another station.
5. Press P-TYPE to exit program type select mode.
If PTY times out and is no longer on the display,
go back to Step 1.
If both P-TYPE and TRAF are on, the radio will search
for stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
To use the PTY interrupt feature, press and hold the
P-TYPE button until you hear a beep on the PTY
you want to interrupt with. When selected, an asterisk
will appear beside that PTY on the display. You
may select multiple interrupts if desired. When you are
listening to a CD, the last selected RDS station will
interrupt play if that selected program type format
is broadcast.
SCAN: You can scan the stations within a PTY by
performing the following:
1. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program type
select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected PTY will
appear on the display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press and hold
either SCAN arrow, and the radio will begin
scanning the stations in the PTY.
4. Press either SCAN arrow to stop at a station.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will scan for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
3-97
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on
press and hold BAND for two seconds AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations.
To turn alternate frequency off press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations. When
you turn the ignition off and then on again, the
alternate frequency feature will automatically be
turned on.
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite PTYs. These buttons have factory PTY presets.
You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
1. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
2. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program type
select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected PTY will
appear on the display.
3-98
3. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the PTY you
set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a CD is playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop
during the announcement. You will not be able to turn
off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, INFO will appear on the display. Press this
button to see the message. The message may display
the artist, song title, call in phone numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message at your own speed, press
the INFO button repeatedly. A new group of words will
appear on the display with each press. Once the
complete message has been displayed, INFO will
disappear from the display until another new message
is received. The old message can be displayed by
pressing the INFO button. You can view an old message
until a new message is received or a different station
is tuned to.
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAF appears on the display, the
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
To receive the traffic announcement from the tuned
station, press this button. Brackets will be displayed
around TRAF and when a traffic announcement comes
on the tuned radio station you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press the TRAF button and the
radio will seek to a station that does. When the radio
finds a station that broadcasts traffic announcements,
the radio will stop and brackets will be displayed around
TRAF. When a traffic announcement comes on the
tuned radio station you will hear it. If no station is found,
NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
If the brackets are on the display and TRAF is not, you
can then press the TRAF button to remove the
brackets or use the TUNE knob or the SEEK arrows to
go to a station that supports traffic announcements.
If no station is found, NO TRAFFIC will appear on the
display.
Your radio will play the traffic announcements if the
volume is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of a
CD if the last tuned station broadcasts traffic
announcements and the brackets are displayed.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
3-99
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): Your audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If CAL ERR
appears on the display it means that your radio has not been configured properly for your vehicle and it must be
returned to the dealer for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. You must return to the dealer
for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your dealer.
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating encryption
code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No Signal
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
3-100
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
CH Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
CH Unavail
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. Your system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
3-101
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XM Locked
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label. This
label is needed to activate your service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Chk XMRcvr
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
3-102
Playing a CD
The CD player can play the smaller 8 cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
LOAD CD Z: Press the LOAD side of this button to
load CDs into the CD player. This CD player will
hold up to six CDs.
To insert one CD, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and release the LOAD side of the LOAD CD
button.
3. Wait for the light, located to the right of the slot, to
turn green.
4. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull the CD in.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will be displayed.
If you select an equalization setting for your CD, it will
be activated each time you play a CD.
The CD will begin to play automatically. As each new
track starts to play, the track number will appear on the
display.
3-103
To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and hold the LOAD side of the LOAD CD
button for two seconds.
You will hear a beep and the light, located to the
right of the slot, will begin to flash.
3. Once the light stops flashing and turns green, load
a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot, label side
up. The player will pull the CD in.
4. Once the CD is loaded, the light will begin flashing
again. Press the LOAD side of the LOAD CD button
again. Once the light turns green, load the next
CD. Repeat this procedure for each CD.
The CD player takes up to six CDs. Do not try to
load more than six.
To load more than one CD but less than six, complete
Steps 1 through 3. When you have finished loading
CDs, the radio will begin to play the last CD loaded.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will be displayed.
If more than one CD has been loaded, a number for
each CD will be displayed. If you select an equalization
setting for your CD, it will be activated each time you
play a CD.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
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Playing a Specific Loaded CD
For every CD loaded, a number will appear on the
display. To play a specific CD, first press the CD AUX
button, then press the numbered pushbutton that
corresponds to the CD you want to play. A small bar will
appear under the CD number that is playing, and the
track number will appear.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
LOAD CD Z (Eject): Press the CD eject side of this
button to eject a CD. You will hear a beep and the
light will flash to let you know when a CD is being
ejected.
REMOVE CD will be displayed. You can now remove
the CD. If the CD is not removed, after 25 seconds, the
CD will be automatically pulled back into the receiver.
If you try to push the CD back into the receiver,
before the 25 second time period is complete, the
receiver will sense an error and will try to eject the CD
several times before stopping.
Do not repeatedly press the CD eject button to eject a
CD after you have tried to push it in manually. The
receivers 25-second eject timer will reset at each press
of eject, which will cause the receiver to not eject
the CD until the 25-second time period has elapsed.
Once the player stops and the CD is ejected, remove
the CD. After removing the CD, push the PWR knob off
and then on again, or wait for the system to reset.
This will clear the CD-sensing feature and enable CDs
to be loaded into the player again.
{ REV (Reverse):
Press and hold this button to
reverse quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release the button to play the
passage. The display will show the elapsed time of the
track.
FWD | (Forward): Press and hold this button to
advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release the button to play the passage.
The display will show the elapsed time of the track.
RPT (Repeat): With repeat, you can repeat one track
or an entire CD. To use repeat, do the following:
• To repeat the track you are listening to, press and
release the RPT button. RPT will appear on the
display. Press RPT again to turn off repeat play.
• To repeat the CD you are listening to, press and
hold the RPT button for two seconds. RPT will
appear on the display. Press RPT again to turn off
repeat play.
RDM (Random): With random, you can listen to the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order, on one
CD or on all of the CDs. To use random, do one of
the following:
• To play the tracks on the CD you are listening to in
random order, press and release the RDM button.
RANDOM ONE will appear on the display. Press
RDM again to turn off random play.
• To play the tracks on all of the CDs that are loaded
in random order, press and hold RDM for more
than two seconds. You will hear a beep and
RANDOM ALL will appear on the display. Press
RDM again to turn off random play.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press AUTO EQ
to select the desired equalization setting while playing a
CD. The equalization will be automatically set whenever
you play a CD. For more information on AUTO EQ, see
“AUTO EQ” listed previously in this section.
sSEEK t:
Press the left arrow to go to the start of the
current track, if more than ten seconds have passed.
Press the right arrow to go to the next track. If you hold an
arrow or press it more than once, the player will continue
moving backward or forward through the CD.
3-105
sSCAN t: To scan one CD, press and hold either
SCAN arrow for more than two seconds until SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to 10 seconds of each track of the
currently selected CD. Press either SCAN arrow again,
to stop scanning.
To scan all loaded CDs, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds until CD SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to 10 seconds of the first tracks of each
CD loaded. Press either SCAN arrow again, to stop
scanning.
RCL (Recall): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. To change the default
on the display (track and elapsed time), press the knob
until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob until the display flashes. The selected display will
now be the default.
BAND: Press this button to play the radio when a
CD(s) is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio.
3-106
Using Song List Mode
The six-CD CD changer has a feature called song list.
This feature is capable of saving 20 track selections.
To save tracks into the song list feature, perform
the following steps:
1. Turn the CD player on and load it with at least one
CD. See “LOAD CD” listed previously in this section
for more information.
2. Check to see that the CD changer is not in song list
mode. S-LIST should not appear in the display. If
S-LIST is present, press the SONG LIST button
to turn it off.
3. Select the desired CD by pressing the numbered
pushbutton and then use the SEEK SCAN right
arrow button to locate the track that you want
to save. The track will begin to play.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button to save the
track into memory. When SONG LIST is pressed a
beep will be heard immediately. After two seconds
of continuously pressing SONG LIST, two beeps will
sound to confirm that the track has been saved.
5. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for saving other selections.
S-LIST FULL will appear on the display if you try to save
more than 20 selections.
To play the song list, press the SONG LIST button. One
beep will be heard and S-LIST will appear on the
display. The recorded tracks will begin to play in the
order that they were saved.
You may seek through the song list by using the SEEK
SCAN arrows. Seeking past the last saved track will
return you to the first saved track.
To delete tracks from the song list, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the CD player on.
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
3. Press the SEEK SCAN arrows to select the desired
track to be deleted.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for two
seconds. When SONG LIST is pressed, a beep
will be heard immediately. After two seconds
of continuously pressing the SONG LIST button,
two beeps will be heard to confirm that the track has
been deleted.
To delete the entire song list, perform the following
steps:
1. Turn the CD player on.
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
3. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for more
than four seconds. A beep will be heard, followed
by two beeps after two seconds and a final beep will
be heard after four seconds. S-LIST EMPTY will
appear on the display indicating that the song
list has been deleted.
If a CD is ejected, and the song list contains saved
tracks from that CD, those tracks are automatically
deleted from the song list. Any tracks saved to the song
list again are added to the bottom of the list.
To end song list mode, press the SONG LIST button.
One beep will be heard and S-LIST will be removed from
the display.
After a track has been deleted, the remaining tracks are
moved up the list. When another track is added to the
song list, the track will be added to the end of the list.
3-107
CD Messages
Entertainment System
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the radio
display, it could be for one of the following reasons:
Your vehicle may have a DVD entertainment system.
The entertainment system works with the vehicle’s audio
system and includes a DVD player, a video display
screen, headphones, and a remote control. The
entertainment system also integrates the rear climate
control and rear seat audio functions.
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
3-108
Before You Drive
The entertainment system is for passengers in the
second and third row seats only. The driver cannot
safely view the video screen while driving and should not
try to do so.
In severe or extreme weather conditions the
entertainment system will shut down until the temperature
is within the operating range. This protection feature will
keep the video components from being damaged while
the temperature is below −4°F (−20°C) or above
140°F (60°C). To resume operation, shut off the
entertainment system, pull down the video screen, and
then heat or cool the vehicle until the temperature is
within the operating range.
Headphones
The entertainment system
includes dual channel,
wireless headphones. The
headphones have an
ON/OFF switch, a channel
A/B switch, and a volume
control.
To use the headphones, turn the switch located on the
left side to ON. An indicator light located on the right
side will illuminate. If the light does not illuminate,
the batteries may need to be replaced. See “Battery
Replacement” later in this section for more information.
Switch the headphones to OFF when not in use.
If you move too far forward, step out of the vehicle or
break the line of sight between the headphones and the
display above the video screen, the sound in the
headphones will be degraded or will cut out entirely. If the
system is shut off, or the headphones are out of the line
of sight for more than three minutes, the headphones will
shut off automatically to save battery life.
If the channel switch, located on the right side, is on A,
the headphones will play the DVD or auxiliary device.
See “Stereo RCA Jacks” later in this section for
more information. If the channel switch is on B, the
headphones will play the rear seat audio system. See
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) (Without Entertainment System)
on page 3-116 or Rear Seat Audio (RSA) (With
Entertainment System) on page 3-118 for more
information.
To adjust the volume on the headphones, use the
volume control located on the right side.
Notice: Do not store the headphones in heat or
direct sunlight. This could damage the headphones
and repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Keep the headphones stored in a cool, dry place.
3-109
Battery Replacement
To change the batteries, do the following:
1. Slide open the battery door located on the left side
of the headphones.
2. Replace the two AAA batteries in the compartment.
Make sure that they are installed correctly.
3. Slide the battery door shut.
If the headphones are to be stored for a long period of
time, remove the batteries and keep them in a cool,
dry place.
Stereo RCA Jacks
The RCA jacks are located on the DVD player faceplate.
They allow audio and video signals to be connected
from an auxiliary device such as a camcorder or a video
game unit. Adapter connectors or cables, not included,
may be required to connect the auxiliary device to
the RCA jacks. Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions
for proper usage.
3-110
To use the auxiliary function, connect a camcorder or a
video game unit to the RCA jacks and turn on the
auxiliary device. If you want to view a DVD, insert the
DVD into the DVD player. The system will automatically
switch to DVD and start to play. To switch between
the auxiliary device and the DVD, press the SOURCE
button on the DVD player or on the remote control. See
“DVD Player” and “Remote Control” later in this
section for more information.
Audio Speakers
Only one audio source can be heard through the
speakers at one time.
Audio from the radio or CD player will be heard through
all speakers when the front audio system is being
used and the rear seat audio system is off.
Sound from the DVD player or an auxiliary device can
be heard through all speakers when the front audio
system and rear seat audio are off and a DVD or
auxiliary device is playing.
To hear the DVD, auxiliary device, or rear seat audio
system while the front audio system is on, use the
headphones. While the rear seat audio system is on,
the rear speakers will be muted.
Video Screen
To use the video screen, do the following:
1. Push forward on the release button and the screen
will fold down.
2. Pull the screen toward you and adjust its position
as desired.
When the video screen is not in use, push it up into its
locked position.
If a DVD is playing and the screen is raised to its locked
position, the screen will shut off, but the DVD will
continue to play through the previously selected audio
source.
Notice: Directly touching the video screen may
damage it. Do not touch the screen. See “Cleaning
the Video Screen” later in this section for more
information.
The video screen is located in the overhead console.
3-111
DVD Player
DVD Player Buttons
SOURCE: Press this button to switch the source for the
entertainment system between the auxiliary device,
connected to the RCA jacks, and the DVD player.
Pressing this button has no effect when there is no
auxiliary device connected.
The DVD player is located in the front floor console.
The DVD player can be controlled by the buttons on the
DVD player and by the buttons on the remote control.
See “Remote Control” later in this section for more
information.
The DVD player works while the ignition is in RUN,
ACCESSORY, or when RAP is active.
The entertainment system is only compatible with DVDs
authorized for use in the United States and Canada.
Regular audio CDs can also be played by the DVD
player. Home recorded CDs (CDRs) may not play in this
DVD player. Try the audio system CD player instead.
3-112
w/ j (Play/Pause): Press this button to start play.
Press while playing to pause. Press it again to continue
playing.
o/ Z(Stop/Eject):
Press this button to stop playing.
Press the button a second time to eject the disc.
Playing a Disc
Ejecting a Disc
To play a disc, gently insert the disc with the label side
up into the loading slot until it stops. The DVD player
will continue loading the disc and the player will
automatically start.
Press the stop/eject button on the DVD player once to
stop and a second time to eject the disc.
If a disc is already in the player, press the play/pause
button on the DVD player faceplate or on the remote
control.
Some DVDs will not allow fast forwarding or skipping of
the copyright information or the previews. Some
DVDs will begin playing the movie automatically after
the previews have finished, there may be a delay of up
to 30 seconds. If the DVD does not begin playing
the movie automatically, press the play/pause button on
the DVD player faceplate or the remote control. If the
DVD still does not play, refer to the on-screen
instructions.
Stopping and Resuming Playback
To stop playing a disc, press the stop/eject button on
the DVD player.
If a disc is ejected from the player, but not removed,
the DVD player will reload the disc after a short period
of time.
Remote Control
To use the remote control, aim it at the display above
the video screen and press the desired button.
Direct sunlight or very bright light may affect the ability
of the entertainment system to receive signals from
the remote control. Be sure the remote’s batteries are
not discharged, as this will also affect the function of the
remote control. Objects blocking the line of sight may
also affect the function of the remote control.
Notice: Storing the remote control in a hot area or
in direct sunlight may damage it, and the repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Keep
the remote control stored in a cool, dry place.
To resume playback, press the play/pause button. The
movie will start playing from where it was last stopped
if the disc has not been ejected. If the disc has
been ejected, the player will start playing at the
beginning.
3-113
Remote Control Buttons
rFwd/qRev (Fast Forward/Reverse): Press the
right or left arrow once to fast forward or reverse
the DVD. To resume play, press the button again or
press the play/pause button. Pressing and holding
an arrow will fast forward or fast reverse the DVD and
play will resume when the arrow is released. These
buttons may not work when the DVD is playing
the copyright information or the previews.
QNext/RPrev (Next/Previous): Press the up or the
down arrow to select the next or the previous chapter.
These buttons may not work when the DVD is playing
the copyright information or the previews.
R Volume Q: Press the up or the down arrow to
increase or to decrease the volume.
k (Play/Pause): Press this button to play a disc.
Press this button while a disc is playing to pause. Press
it again to continue playing. If you press and hold this
button for three seconds or more, the DVD player
will turn off.
3-114
Menu: Press this button to view the media menu. The
media menu is different on every disc. Use the up,
down, right, and left arrow buttons to move the cursor
around the media menu. After making the selection,
press Enter. Some discs may contain a short skit leading
up to the media menu.
Source: Press this button to switch the source for the
entertainment system between the auxiliary device,
connected to the RCA jacks, and the DVD player.
Pressing this button has no effect when there is no
auxiliary device connected.
Battery Replacement
Cleaning the DVD Player
To change the batteries, do the following:
When cleaning the outside DVD faceplate and buttons,
use only a clean cloth dampened with clean water.
1. Remove the screw and open the battery door
located on the back of the remote control.
2. Replace the two AAA batteries in the compartment.
Make sure that they are installed correctly.
3. Replace the battery door and screw.
Cleaning the Video Screen
When cleaning the video screen, use only a clean cloth
dampened with clean water. Use care when directly
touching or cleaning the screen, as damage may result.
If the remote control is to be stored for a long period of
time, remove the batteries and keep them in a cool,
dry place.
DVD Distortion
There may be an experience with video distortion when
operating cellular phones, scanners, CB radios,
Global Position Systems (GPS)*, two-way radios, mobile
fax, or walkie talkies.
It may be necessary to turn off the DVD player when
operating one of these devices in or near the vehicle.
*Excludes the OnStar® System.
3-115
Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
(Without Entertainment System)
Rear Seat Radio Controls
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen to and
control any of the sources: radio and CDs. However,
the rear seat passengers can only control the sources
that the front seat passengers are not listening to.
For example, rear seat passengers may listen to and
control a CD through headphones, while the driver
listens to the radio through the front speakers. The rear
seat passengers have control of the volume for each
set of headphones.
The front seat audio controls always have priority over
the RSA controls. If the front seat passengers switch
the source for the main radio to a remote source,
the RSA will not be able to control the remote source.
You can operate the RSA when the main radio is off.
Primary Radio Controls
The following function is controlled by the main radio:
PWR (Power): Press this knob twice to turn RSA off.
3-116
The following functions are controlled by the RSA system:
PWR (Power): Press this button to turn the system on
or off. The rear speakers will be muted when the
RSA power is turned on.
VOL (Volume): Press this knob lightly so it extends.
Turn the knob to increase or to decrease the volume.
Push the knob back into it’s stored position when
you are not using it. The upper knob controls the upper
headphones and the lower knob controls the lower
headphones.
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped). If the front
passengers are already listening to the radio, the RSA
will not switch between the bands and cannot change
the frequency.
Press this button to play a CD when listening to the
radio.
w SEEK x:
When listening to the radio, press the up
or the down arrow to go to the next or the previous
station and stay there. This function is inactive if
the front seat passengers are listening to the radio.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow until
the radio goes into scan mode. The radio will go to a
station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next station. Press SEEK again to stop scanning. This
function is inactive if the front seat passengers are
listening to the radio.
P.SET PROG (Preset Program): Press this button to
scan the preset radio stations set on the pushbuttons on
the main radio. The radio will go to a preset station
stored on the pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then
go on to the next preset station. Press this button
again to stop scanning presets. This function is inactive
if the front seat passengers are listening to the radio.
When a CD is playing in the six-disc CD changer, press
this button to select the next CD, if multiple CDs are
loaded. This function is inactive if the front seat
passengers are listening to a CD.
When an MP3 CD is playing, press this button to go to
the next folder. This function is inactive if the front
seat passengers are listening to a CD.
TAPE CD: Press this button to play a CD when
listening to the radio.
When a CD is playing, press the up arrow to go to the
next track on the CD. Press the down arrow to go
to the start of the current track if more than eight
seconds have played. This function is inactive if the front
seat passengers are listening to a CD.
3-117
Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
(With Entertainment System)
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen to and
control any of the sources: radio, CDs, DVD, and
auxiliary device. However, the rear seat passengers can
only control the sources that the front seat passengers
are not listening to. For example, rear seat passengers
may listen to and control a CD through headphones
while the driver listens to the radio through the
front speakers. The rear seat passengers have control
of the volume for each set of headphones.
The front seat audio controls always have priority over
the RSA controls. If the front seat passengers switch
the source for the main radio to a remote source,
the RSA will not be able to control the remote source.
You can operate the RSA when the main radio is off.
The DVD or auxiliary device will always be available on
channel A of the headphones. All other sources are
available on channel B. You will not be able to listen to
XM, on channel B, if you are listening to a DVD or
an auxiliary device on channel B and vice versa.
3-118
RSA PWR (Power): Press this button to turn the
system on or off. The headphone symbol will appear on
the display above the video screen when the system
is on. The rear speakers will be muted when the
RSA power is turned on.
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped) when the headphones
are on channel B. The selected radio station will
appear on the display above the video screen. If the
front passengers are listening to the radio, the RSA will
not switch between the bands and cannot change
the station.
q r (Tune): When listening to the radio, press the
right or the left arrow to go to the next or the previous
station and stay there. This function is inactive if
the front seat passengers are listening to the radio.
When a CD is playing, press the right arrow to go to the
next track on the CD. Press the left arrow to go to the
start of the current track, if more than eight seconds
have played. This function is inactive if the front
seat passengers are listening to a CD.
P.SET SCAN (Preset Scan): Press and hold this
button to scan the preset radio stations set on the
pushbuttons on the main radio. The radio will go to a
preset station stored on the pushbuttons, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next preset station. The
selected radio station will appear on the display above
the video screen. Press this button again to stop
scanning presets. This function is inactive if the front
seat passengers are listening to the radio.
When a CD is playing in the six-disc CD changer, press
this button to select the next CD, if multiple CDs are
loaded. This function is inactive if the front seat
passengers are listening to a CD.
CD TAPE: Press this button to switch between playing
a CD, a DVD, or an auxiliary device when the
headphones are on channel B. If one of the devices are
not loaded, the system will skip over the device when
this button is pressed.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
(Non-RDS Radios)
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of your
vehicle’s radio. The feature works automatically by
learning a portion of the Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN). If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it
will not operate and LOCKED will appear on the display.
When the radio and vehicle are turned off, the blinking
red light indicates that THEFTLOCK® is armed.
With THEFTLOCK® activated, the radio will not operate
if stolen.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
(RDS Radios)
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of your
vehicle’s radio. The feature works automatically by
learning a portion of the Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN). If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it
will not operate and LOCKED will appear on the display.
When the ignition is off and RAP is not active, the
blinking red light indicates that THEFTLOCK® is armed.
With THEFTLOCK® activated, the radio will not
operate if stolen.
3-119
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
When a CD is playing, press the up or the down arrow
to fast forward or reverse.
SEEK TYPE: Press this button to go to a station with
the last selected PTY and the last selected PTY
will appear on the display, if it is not already showing. If
a station with the selected PTY is not found, the
radio will return to the original station. If both PTY and
TRAF are on, the radio will search for stations with
the selected PTY and traffic announcements.
PRESET: Press this button to play stations that are
programmed on the radio preset pushbuttons.
If your vehicle has this feature, some audio controls can
be adjusted at the steering wheel. They include the
following:
Q SEEK R: Press the up or the down arrow to go to
the next or to the previous radio station and stay
there. The radio will only seek stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
Press and hold either arrow for three seconds to scan
radio stations. The radio will go to a station, play
for a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
this button again to stop scanning stations. The radio
will only scan stations with a strong signal that are in the
selected band.
3-120
MODE: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped).
When a CD is playing, press this button to listen to the
radio. The inactive CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
MUTE: Press this button to silence the system. Press it
again, or any other radio button, to turn the sound on.
Q VOL R (Volume): Press the up or the down arrow
to increase or to decrease the volume.
Radio Reception
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
AM
XM™ Satellite Radio Service gives digital radio
reception from coast to coast. Just as with FM, tall
buildings or hills can interfere with satellite radio signals,
causing the sound to fade in and out. The radio may
display NO SIGNAL to indicate interference.
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range can cause
station frequencies to interfere with each other. Static
can occur on AM stations caused by things like
storms and power lines. Try reducing the treble to
reduce this noise.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give the best sound, but FM signals will
reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to fade in and out.
Care of Your CDs and DVDs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen
a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer
edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
3-121
Care of Your CD and DVD Player
The use of CD lens cleaners for CDs is not advised, due
to the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics
with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If the mast should ever
become slightly bent, straighten it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent, replace it.
Check occasionally to make sure the mast is still
tightened to the fender. If tightening is required, tighten
by hand, then with a wrench one quarter turn.
3-122
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System
The XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on the roof
of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of snow and
ice build up for clear radio reception.
Loading items onto the roof of your vehicle can interfere
with the performance of the XM™ system. Make sure
that the XM™ satellite antenna is not obstructed.
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ..........4-2
Defensive Driving ...........................................4-2
Drunken Driving .............................................4-2
Control of a Vehicle ........................................4-6
Braking .........................................................4-6
Traction Control System (TCS) .......................4-10
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System .......................4-11
Steering ......................................................4-12
Off-Road Recovery .......................................4-14
Passing .......................................................4-14
Loss of Control .............................................4-16
Driving at Night ............................................4-17
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................4-19
City Driving ..................................................4-22
Freeway Driving ...........................................4-23
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................4-25
Highway Hypnosis ........................................4-26
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................4-26
Winter Driving ..............................................4-28
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ...4-32
Towing ..........................................................4-33
Towing Your Vehicle .....................................4-33
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................4-34
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................4-35
Level Control ...............................................4-40
Towing a Trailer ...........................................4-41
4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task — such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor — makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull off the
road in a safe place to do them yourself. These simple
defensive driving techniques could save your life.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-25.
Drunken Driving
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor
to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what
they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
distance. It is the best defensive driving maneuver, in
both city and rural driving. You never know when the
vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly.
4-2
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population — choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it is against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and
then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too
much” if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less
than many might think. Although it depends on each
person and situation, here is some general information
on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association,
a 180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of liquors like whiskey, gin or vodka.
4-3
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
have a lower relative percentage of body water
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight will when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and
how quickly the person drinks them.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person
who consumes food just before or during drinking will
have a somewhat lower BAC level.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night.
All drivers are impaired at BAC levels above
0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being in
a collision increases sharply for drivers who have a
BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level
of 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of
having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the
chance of this driver having a collision is 12 times
greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is
25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol in
one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I will be careful” is not the
right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able to
react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving that
many people do not know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking — driver or passenger — is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You can have a serious — or
even fatal — collision if you drive after drinking.
Please do not drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you are with a group, designate a
driver who will not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at
the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that is
only an average. It might be less with one driver and as
long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age,
physical condition, alertness, coordination and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But
even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph
(100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of
distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space
between your vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it is pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire tread;
the condition of your brakes; the weight of the vehicle and
the amount of brake force applied.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice, it
is easy to ask more of those control systems than
the tires and road can provide. That means you can lose
control of your vehicle.
4-6
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the traffic
and allow realistic following distances, you will eliminate a
lot of unnecessary braking. That means better braking
and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake
normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle may have anti-lock brakes. ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
If your vehicle has anti-lock
brakes, this warning light
on the instrument panel will
come on briefly when
you start your vehicle.
When you start your engine, or when you begin to drive
away, your anti-lock brake system will check itself.
You may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on, and you may even notice that
your brake pedal moves or pulses a little. This is normal.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each wheel.
4-8
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to
the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel
a slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise,
but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
At some time, nearly every driver gets into a situation
that requires hard braking.
If you have anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the
same time. However, if you do not have anti-lock, your
first reaction — to hit the brake pedal hard and hold
it down — may be the wrong thing to do. Your wheels
can stop rolling. Once they do, the vehicle can not
respond to your steering. Momentum will carry it
in whatever direction it was headed when the wheels
stopped rolling. That could be off the road, into the very
thing you were trying to avoid, or into traffic.
If you do not have anti-lock, use a “squeeze” braking
technique. This will give you maximum braking
while maintaining steering control. You can do this by
pushing on the brake pedal with steadily increasing
pressure.
In an emergency, you will probably want to squeeze the
brakes hard without locking the wheels. If you hear or
feel the wheels sliding, ease off the brake pedal.
This will help you retain steering control. If you do have
anti-lock, it is different. See “Anti-Lock Brake System”
in this section.
In many emergencies, steering can help you more than
even the very best braking.
4-9
Traction Control System (TCS)
Your vehicle may have a traction control system that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens,
the system works the front brakes and reduces engine
power to limit wheel spin.
The TRACTION ACTIVE message will come on when
the traction control system is limiting wheel spin.
See Traction Active Message on page 3-42. You may
feel or hear the system working, but this is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. See “Cruise Control” under
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-6.
4-10
United States
Canada
If this message comes on and stays on or comes on
while you are driving, there’s a problem with your
traction control system.
See Service Traction System Warning Message on
page 3-41. When this warning message is on, the
TRAC OFF light will come on to remind you that the
system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving
accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should always
leave the system on. But you can turn the traction control
system off if you ever need to. You should turn the
system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud or
snow and rocking the vehicle is required. See “Rocking
Your Vehicle” under If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow on page 4-32.
To turn the system off,
press the TCS button
located on the instrument
panel switchbank.
If the system is limiting wheel spin when you press the
button, the traction active message will go off, but
the system will not turn off until there is no longer a
current need to limit wheel spin. The TRAC OFF light will
come on to remind you the system is off. You can
turn the system back on at any time by pressing the
button again. The traction control system warning
message should go off.
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System
If your vehicle has all-wheel drive (AWD), the AWD
system operates automatically without any action
required by the driver. If the front drive wheels begin to
slip, the rear wheels will automatically begin to drive
the vehicle as required. There may be a slight
engagement noise during hard use but this is normal.
During heavy AWD applications, the engine torque may
be reduced to protect AWD system components. If the
vehicle is exposed to extended heavy AWD usage, the
AWD system will shut itself off to protect the system from
overheating. When the system cools down, the AWD
system will activate itself again automatically; this
cool-down can take up to 20 minutes depending on
outside temperature and vehicle use. See All-Wheel
Drive Disable Warning Message on page 3-46.
4-11
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia
will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If
you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you
will understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you are
in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
4-12
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly apply the brakes. Both control
systems — steering and braking — have to do their work
where the tires meet the road. Unless you have
four-wheel anti-lock brakes, adding the hard braking can
demand too much of those places. You can lose control.
The same thing can happen if you are steering through
a sharp curve and you suddenly accelerate. Those
two control systems — steering and acceleration — can
overwhelm those places where the tires meet the
road and make you lose control. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-10.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the brake or accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way
you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions. Under
less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find
a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You
can avoid these problems by braking — if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you can not; there is not
room. That is the time for evasive action — steering
around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes.
See Braking on page 4-6. It is better to remove as much
speed as you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-13
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
• “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn
until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then
turn your steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
4-14
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait
for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it is all
right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear).
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you are following a larger
vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if
the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.
Keep back a reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and do
not get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your
pass, you need only slow down and drop back again
and wait for another opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
wait your turn. But take care that someone is not
trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and
check the blind spot.
• Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you can
ease a little to the right.
4-15
Loss of Control
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes,
steering and acceleration) do not have enough friction
where the tires meet the road to do what the driver
has asked.
If you have the Traction Control System, remember: It
helps avoid only the acceleration skid. If you do not have
this system, or if the system is off, then an acceleration
skid is also best handled by easing your foot off the
accelerator pedal.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always
possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much
speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
4-16
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety,
you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration
or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues — such as enough water, ice or packed snow
on the road to make a “mirrored surface” — and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Driving at Night
If you have the anti-lock braking system, remember: It
helps avoid only the braking skid. If you do not have
anti-lock, then in a braking skid (where the wheels are
no longer rolling), release enough pressure on the
brakes to get the wheels rolling again. This restores
steering control. Push the brake pedal down steadily
when you have to stop suddenly. As long as the wheels
are rolling, you will have steering control.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired — by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
4-17
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
• Since you can not see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But
as we get older these differences increase. A
50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much
light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your
eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you
are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night. They
may cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also
make a lot of things invisible.
4-18
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean — inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep
your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from
night blindness — the inability to see in dim light — and
are not even aware of it.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can not stop, accelerate or turn as well
because your tire-to-road traction is not as good as on
dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread
left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise to
go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while
you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when
your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy
rain can make it harder to see road signs and
traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road
and even people walking.
It is wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filled with
washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on
the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
4-19
{CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water
or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until your brakes work normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you can not, try to slow down before
you hit them.
4-20
Hydroplaning
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the
water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and
you are going fast enough. When your vehicle is
hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that is
slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If
you can not avoid deep puddles or standing
water, drive through them very slowly.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in
one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is
standing on the road. If you can see reflections
from trees, telephone poles or other vehicles, and
raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Flowing Water
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carried away. As little as six inches of
flowing water can carry away a smaller vehicle.
If this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not ignore police
warning signs, and otherwise be very cautious
about trying to drive through flowing water.
4-21
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
City Driving
• Turn on your low-beam headlamps — not just your
parking lamps — to help make you more visible to
others.
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you
pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear
room ahead, and be prepared to have your
view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth. See Tires
on page 5-53.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-22
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
Freeway Driving
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and energy.
See Freeway Driving on page 4-23.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the
safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
4-23
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the
same speed most of the other drivers are driving.
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow.
Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check
traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with
the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the
prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your
mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
4-24
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in
your “blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to
move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do
not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive
on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are
going slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you are not fresh — such as after
a day’s work — do not plan to make too many miles that
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing
and shoes you can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course, you
will find experienced and able service experts in GM
dealerships all across North America. They will be ready
and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-25
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with the
same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Do not let it
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the road
in less than a second, and you could crash and be
injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to the sides. Check your mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
4-26
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
{CAUTION:
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to do all the work of slowing down. They could
get so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Always have
your engine running and your vehicle in gear
when you go downhill.
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
{CAUTION:
If you do not shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down
to let your engine assist your brakes on a
steep downhill slope.
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to
•
•
•
a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could
be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an
accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or
winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate
action.
4-27
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
Also see Tires on page 5-53.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red
cloth and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if
you will be driving under severe conditions, include a
small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of
burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you
properly secure these items in your vehicle.
4-28
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You
will have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
What is the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer
the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is
about freezing (32°F; 0°C) and freezing rain begins
to fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow — drive with caution.
If you have traction control, keep the system on. It will
improve your ability to accelerate when driving on a
slippery road. But you can turn the traction system off if
you ever need to. You should turn the system off if your
vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud, ice, or snow. See If
You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on page 4-32.
Even though your vehicle has a traction system you will
want to slow down and adjust your driving to the road
conditions. See Traction Control System (TCS) on
page 4-10.
If you do not have a traction system, accelerate gently.
Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate
too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under the tires even more.
4-29
Unless you have the anti-lock braking system, you will
want to brake very gently, too. (If you do have anti-lock,
see Braking on page 4-6. This system improves your
vehicle’s stability when you make a hard stop on a
slippery road.) Whether you have the anti-lock braking
system or not, you will want to begin stopping sooner
than you would on dry pavement. Without anti-lock
brakes, if you feel your vehicle begin to slide, let up on
the brakes a little. Push the brake pedal down steadily
to get the most traction you can.
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
Remember, unless you have anti-lock, if you brake so
hard that your wheels stop rolling, you will just slide.
Brake so your wheels always keep rolling and you can
still steer.
• Whatever your braking system, allow greater
following distance on any slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that is covered with ice. On
an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can not reach:
around clumps of trees, behind buildings or under
bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve or
an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding
roads are clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead
of you, brake before you are on it. Try not to brake
while you are actually on the ice, and avoid
sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some things
to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you
have been stopped by the snow.
4-30
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you. If
you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats — anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You can not see it
or smell it, so you might not know it is in your
vehicle. Clear away snow from around the
base of your vehicle, especially any that is
blocking your exhaust pipe. And check around
again from time to time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that is away from the wind. This will
help keep CO out.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-31
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little
faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator
slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and
it keeps the battery charged. You will need a
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine
again and repeat this only when you feel really
uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as
possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help
keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do
some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until
help comes.
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will need
to spin the wheels, but you do not want to spin your
wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking” can help
you get out when you are stuck, but you must use
caution.
4-32
{CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle
can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you
are stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible.
Do not spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h)
as shown on the speedometer.
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of
your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the
wheels too fast while shifting your transaxle back
and forth, you can destroy your transaxle. See
“Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out.”
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see Tire Chains on page 5-68.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. If your vehicle
has traction control, you should turn your traction
control system off. See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 4-10. Then shift back and forth between
REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal
while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning your
wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you
will cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle. If
that does not get you out after a few tries, you may
need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out,
see Towing Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See
Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle
for recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
see “Recreational Vehicle Towing” following.
4-33
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle – such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your vehicle
with all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly towing”
(towing your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
two wheels up on a device know as a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
Here are some important things to consider before you
do recreational vehicle towing:
• What’s the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Be sure you read the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
• Do you have the proper towing equipment?
See your dealer or trailering professional for
additional advice and equipment recommendations.
4-34
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you would
prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll want to
make sure your vehicle is prepared to be towed. See
Before Leaving on a Long Trip on page 4-25.
Dinghy Towing
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all of its
wheels on the ground. If you have a two-wheel-drive
vehicle, it can be towed with two of its wheels on
the ground. See “Dolly Towing” following. If you have an
all-wheel-drive vehicle, it cannot be towed with any of
its wheels on the ground. It can be towed with car carrier
equipment.
Notice: Towing an all-wheel-drive vehicle with all
four wheels on the ground, or even with only two of
its wheels on the ground, will damage drivetrain
components. Do not tow an all-wheel-drive vehicle if
any of its wheels will be on the ground.
Dolly Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
If you have a two-wheel-drive vehicle, it can be towed
with two of its wheels on the ground. To dolly tow
your vehicle, do the following:
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle
capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants,
cargo, and all nonfactory-installed options. Two labels
on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly
carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and the
Certification/Tire label.
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
position with a clamping device designed for towing.
5. Release the parking brake.
If you have an all-wheel-drive vehicle, it cannot be
towed with any of its wheels on the ground. It can be
towed with car carrier equipment.
Notice: Towing an all-wheel-drive vehicle with all
four wheels on the ground, or even with only two of
its wheels on the ground, will damage drivetrain
components. Do not tow an all-wheel-drive vehicle if
any of its wheels will be on the ground.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
4-35
Tire and Loading Information Label
The Tire and Loading Information label is attached to
the center pillar, near the driver’s door latch. Vehicles
without a center pillar will have the Tire and Loading
Information label attached to the driver’s door edge. This
label lists the number of people that can be in your
vehicle and the total weight it can carry. This weight is
called the vehicle capacity weight.
The Tire and Loading Information label also tells you
the size and recommended inflation pressure for
the original equipment tires on your vehicle. For more
information on tires and inflation, see Tires on page 5-53
and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-62.
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
4-36
If your vehicle does not have the Tire and Loading
Information label, the Certification/Tire label shows the
tire size and recommended inflation pressures
needed to obtain the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
(GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for
the front and rear axles. See “Certification/Tire Label”
later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of
occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX
pounds” on your vehicle placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and
passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of
cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the
“XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five
150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs.
(1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and
cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight
may not safely exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from
your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle.
Consult this manual to determine how this reduces
the available cargo and luggage load capacity
for your vehicle.
Example 1
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
Total
A
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for Example 1 =
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 2 =
300 lbs (136 kg)
C
Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight =
700 lbs. (317 kg)
See Towing a Trailer on page 4-41 for important
information on towing a trailer, towing safety rules, and
trailering tips.
4-37
Example 2
Example 3
Loading Your Vehicle
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 2 =
B
C
Total
Item
Description
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 3 =
1,000 lbs
(453 kg)
Total
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 5 =
750 lbs (340 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant
Weight 200 lbs
(91 kg) × 5 =
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
Available Cargo
Weight =
250 lbs. (113 kg)
C
Available Cargo
Weight =
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information label
for specific information about your vehicle’s capacity
weight and seating positions. The combined weight of
the driver, passengers, and cargo should never
exceed your vehicle’s capacity weight.
4-38
Certification/Tire Label
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the maximum
weights for the front and rear axles, called the Gross Axle
Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out the actual loads on
your front and rear axles, you need to go to a weigh
station and weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help you
with this. Be sure to spread out your load equally on both
sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle or the GAWR
for either the front or rear axle.
{CAUTION:
The Certification/Tire label is found on the rear edge of
the driver’s door.
The label shows the size of your original tires and the
inflation pressures needed to obtain the gross weight
capacity of your vehicle. This is called the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel, and cargo.
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the
life of your vehicle.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
4-39
If you put things inside your vehicle – like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else – they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn
quickly, or if there is a crash, they will keep going.
{CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
• Put things in the cargo area of your
vehicle. Try to spread the weight evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them
are above the tops of the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child restraint
in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
• Do not leave a seat folded down unless
you need to.
4-40
Level Control
On vehicles equipped with automatic level control, the
rear of the vehicle is automatically kept level as you load
or unload your vehicle. However, you should still not
exceed the GVWR or the GAWR. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
You may hear the compressor operating when you load
or unload your vehicle, and periodically as the system
self-adjusts. This is normal. The compressor should
operate for brief periods of time. If the sound continues
for an extended period of time, your vehicle needs
service.
Using heavier suspension components to get added
durability might not change your weight ratings. Ask your
dealer to help you load your vehicle the right away.
Towing a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment and
drive properly, you can lose control when you
pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too
heavy, the brakes may not work well — or even
at all. You and your passengers could be
seriously injured. Pull a trailer only if you have
followed all the steps in this section. Ask your
dealer for advice and information about towing
a trailer with your vehicle.
Notice: Pulling a trailer improperly can damage
your vehicle and result in costly repairs that would
not be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the instructions in this section and check with your
dealer for more information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you should
read the information in “Weight of the Trailer” that
appears later in this section. But trailering is different
than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means
changes in handling, acceleration, braking, durability,
and fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That is the reason for this section. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies, and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine
is required to operate at relatively higher speeds and
under greater loads, generating extra heat. The
trailer also adds considerably to wind resistance,
increasing the pulling requirements.
4-41
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
Weight of the Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live
but also where you’ll be driving. A good source for
this information can be state or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. See “Hitches” later
in this section.
• Do not tow a trailer at all during the first
500 miles (800 km) your new vehicle is driven.
Your engine, axle, or other parts could be damaged.
• During the first 500 miles (800 km) that you tow
a trailer, do not drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
and do not make starts at full throttle. This helps
your engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in
at the heavier loads.
• You can use THIRD (3) or, as you need to, a lower
gear when towing a trailer. Operating your vehicle
in THIRD (3) when towing a trailer will minimize heat
buildup and extend the life of your transaxle.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
• Weight of the trailer
• Weight of the trailer tongue
• Weight on your vehicle’s tires
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
4-42
It should never weigh more than 1,400 lbs (630 kg) with
up to six occupants in the vehicle, or more than
2,000 lbs (900 kg) with up to two occupants. If you have
the optional trailer towing package, your vehicle can
tow up to 2,900 lbs (1 300 kg) with up to six occupants,
or up to 3,500 lbs (1 575 kg) with up to two occupants.
But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature, and how much your vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on
any special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total or gross weight of
your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) includes
the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in
it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. If you
have a lot of options, equipment, passengers, or cargo in
your vehicle, it will reduce the tongue weight your vehicle
can carry, which will also reduce the trailer weight your
vehicle can tow. And if you will tow a trailer, you must add
the tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle will be
carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your Vehicle on
page 4-35 for more information about your vehicle’s
maximum load capacity.
If you are using a weight-carrying or a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent
to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight (B).
Do not exceed the maximum allowable tongue weight
for your vehicle.
After you have loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they are not, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
4-43
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper limit
for cold tires. You will find these numbers on the
Certification/Tire label at the rear edge of the driver’s
door or see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
Then be sure you do not go over the GVW limit for your
vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue.
Hitches
It is important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by, and rough roads are
a few reasons why you will need the right hitch. Here
are some rules to follow:
• The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to them. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the
bumper.
• If you will be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 2,000 lbs (900 kg), be sure to use
a properly mounted weight-carrying hitch and
sway control of the proper size. This equipment is
very important for proper vehicle loading and
good handling when you are driving.
• Will you have to make any holes in the body of
your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
4-44
If you do, remember to seal the holes later when
you remove the hitch. If you do not seal them,
deadly carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust
can get into your vehicle. See Engine Exhaust
on page 2-37. Dirt and water can, too.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer to help prevent the tongue from contacting
the road if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the
hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow
the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
Never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs (450 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes – and they must be
adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for the trailer brakes so you will be able to install, adjust,
and maintain them properly.
Because your vehicle may have anti-lock brakes, do not
try to tap into your vehicle’s brake system. If you do,
both brake systems will not work well, or at all.
Driving with a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you have a rear-most window open and you
pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon
monoxide (CO) could come into your vehicle.
You can not see or smell CO. It can cause
unconsciousness or death. See Engine
Exhaust on page 2-37. To maximize your safety
when towing a trailer:
• Have your exhaust system inspected for
leaks, and make necessary repairs before
starting on your trip.
• Keep the rear-most windows closed.
• If exhaust does come into your vehicle
through a window in the rear or another
opening, drive with your front, main
heating or cooling system on and with the
fan on any speed. This will bring fresh,
outside air into your vehicle. Do not use
the climate control setting for maximum air
because it only recirculates the air inside
your vehicle. See Climate Control System
on page 3-21.
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you will want to
get to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check all trailer hitch parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connector, lamps,
tires, and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has electric
brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer
brakes are still working.
4-45
Following Distance
Making Turns
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require
heavy braking and sudden turns.
Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
Passing
When you are turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer will not strike
soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees, or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
You will need more passing distance up ahead when
you are towing a trailer. And, because you are a
good deal longer, you will need to go much farther
beyond the passed vehicle before you can return to your
lane.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
Backing Up
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have extra
wiring.
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
The arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever
you signal a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up,
the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other drivers
you are about to turn, change lanes, or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It
is important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
4-46
Driving on Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you do not shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
If you are towing a trailer that weighs more than
1,000 lbs (450 kg), you may prefer to drive in THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) or, as you
need to, a lower gear. This will minimize heat build-up
and extend the life of your transaxle.
Parking on Hills
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, do the
following:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but do not shift into
PARK (P).
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake, and shift into PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People
can be injured, and both your vehicle and the
trailer can be damaged.
4-47
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you do the following:
• Start your engine.
• Shift into a gear.
• Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store
the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you are
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid, engine oil, belts,
cooling system, and brake system. Each of these is
covered in this manual, and the Index will help you find
them quickly. If you are trailering, it is a good idea to
review these sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Trailer Wiring Harness
Your vehicle has a trailer wiring harness located at the
rear of your vehicle. To use the trailer wiring harness,
you need a converter kit. Contact your dealer for more
information.
4-48
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work .........................5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your
Vehicle ......................................................5-4
Fuel ................................................................5-4
Gasoline Octane ............................................5-4
Gasoline Specifications ....................................5-5
California Fuel ...............................................5-5
Additives .......................................................5-6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................5-6
Filling Your Tank ............................................5-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .....................5-10
Checking Things Under the Hood ....................5-10
Hood Release ..............................................5-11
Engine Compartment Overview .......................5-12
Engine Oil ...................................................5-13
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................5-18
Automatic Transaxle Fluid ..............................5-20
Engine Coolant .............................................5-22
Radiator Pressure Cap ..................................5-25
Engine Overheating .......................................5-25
Cooling System ............................................5-28
Power Steering Fluid .....................................5-36
Windshield Washer Fluid ................................5-38
Brakes ........................................................5-39
Battery ........................................................5-42
Jump Starting ...............................................5-43
All-Wheel Drive ..............................................5-48
Bulb Replacement ..........................................5-50
Halogen Bulbs ..............................................5-50
Headlamps ..................................................5-50
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and Parking
Lamps .....................................................5-52
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps .........................................5-54
Replacement Bulbs .......................................5-56
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............5-56
Tires ..............................................................5-58
Inflation - Tire Pressure .................................5-68
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................5-69
When It Is Time for New Tires .......................5-71
Buying New Tires .........................................5-71
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................5-72
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................5-74
Wheel Replacement ......................................5-74
Tire Chains ..................................................5-75
Accessory Inflator .........................................5-76
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................5-78
Changing a Flat Tire .....................................5-78
Compact Spare Tire ......................................5-96
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Appearance Care ............................................5-97
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .................5-97
Care of Safety Belts and Built-in Child
Restraint Harness ....................................5-100
Weatherstrips .............................................5-100
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle .............5-100
Sheet Metal Damage ...................................5-102
Finish Damage ...........................................5-102
Underbody Maintenance ...............................5-103
Chemical Paint Spotting ...............................5-103
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ................5-103
5-2
Vehicle Identification .....................................5-104
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ................5-104
Service Parts Identification Label ...................5-105
Electrical System ..........................................5-105
Add-On Electrical Equipment .........................5-105
Headlamp Wiring ........................................5-105
Windshield Wiper Fuses ...............................5-106
Power Windows and Other Power Options ......5-106
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ..........................5-106
Capacities and Specifications ........................5-113
Service
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you will go to your dealer
for all your service needs. You will get genuine GM parts
and GM-trained and supported service people.
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
California Proposition 65 Warning
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain and/or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive
harm. Engine exhaust, many parts and systems
(including some inside the vehicle), many fluids, and
some component wear by-products contain and/or emit
these chemicals.
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you
will want to use the proper service manual. It tells
you much more about how to service your vehicle than
this manual can. To order the proper service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 7-13.
5-3
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-91.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See Maintenance Record on page 6-14.
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind
noise and affect windshield washer performance. Check
with your dealer before adding equipment to the
outside of your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Fuel
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
5-4
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
proper maintenance of your vehicle.
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of 87
or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may get a
heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this occurs, use
a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher as soon as
possible. Otherwise, you might damage your engine.
A little pinging noise when you accelerate or drive uphill is
considered normal. This does not indicate a problem
exists or that a higher-octane fuel is necessary. If you are
using 87 octane or higher-octane fuel and hear heavy
knocking, your engine needs service.
Gasoline Specifications
California Fuel
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by automobile manufacturers
around the world and contained in the World-Wide Fuel
Charter which is available from the Alliance of Automobile
Manufacturers at www.autoalliance.org/fuel_charter.htm.
Gasoline meeting these specifications could provide
improved driveability and emission control system
performance compared to other gasoline.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label), it
is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-45 )
and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is caused
by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered
by your warranty.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the pump.
Canada Only
5-5
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work
properly. You should not have to add anything to your
fuel. However, some gasolines contain only the
minimum amount of additive required to meet U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency regulations. General
Motors recommends that you buy gasolines that
are advertised to help keep fuel injectors and intake
valves clean. If your vehicle experiences problems due
to dirty injectors or valves, try a different brand of
gasoline.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in
your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel
system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage would not be covered under
your warranty.
5-6
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does not
recommend the use of such gasolines. Fuels containing
MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs and the
performance of the emission control system may be
affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on. If
this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not
be covered by your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you will be driving.
Filling Your Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can
cause bad injuries. To help avoid injuries to
you and others, read and follow all the
instructions on the pump island. Turn off your
engine when you are refueling. Do not smoke
if you are near fuel or refueling your vehicle.
Keep sparks, flames and smoking materials
away from fuel. Do not leave the fuel pump
unattended when refueling your vehicle — this
is against the law in some places. Keep
children away from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
The fuel door is located on the driver’s side of the
vehicle.
When the fuel door is opened on a vehicle with dual
sliding doors, the driver’s side sliding door will only open
partway.
5-7
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something ignites it,
you could be badly burned. Fuel can spray out
on you if you open the fuel cap too quickly. This
spray can happen if your tank is nearly full, and
is more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel cap
slowly and wait for any “hiss” noise to stop.
Then unscrew the cap all the way.
While refueling, let the fuel cap hang by the tether as
shown.
5-8
Don’t top off or overfill your tank, and wait a few
seconds after you’ve finished pumping before you
remove the nozzle. Be careful not to spill fuel. Clean
fuel from painted surfaces as soon as possible.
See Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle on
page 5-100.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make
sure you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-45.
{CAUTION:
The malfunction indicator lamp (SERVICE ENGINE
SOON or CHECK ENGINE light) will come on if the fuel
cap is not properly installed.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
the right type. Your dealer can get one for you.
If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly.
This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
light and may damage your fuel tank and emissions
system. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-45.
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do not
remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel by
shutting off the pump or by notifying the
station attendant. Leave the area immediately.
5-9
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to
you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
5-10
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts
and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the hood release handle, located on the
driver’s side under the instrument panel.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and push up on the
underhood release, located near the center under
the grille.
3. Lift the hood.
4. Pull forward on the hood prop to release it from its
storage clip.
The hood prop may be hot due to increased engine
temperatures under the hood, so be careful when
handling it. Use your hood prop sleeve when
handling the hood prop.
5. Put the end of the
hood prop into the slot
in the underside of
the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are
on properly. Then follow these steps:
1. Lift the hood to relieve pressure on the hood prop.
2. Remove the hood prop from the slot in the hood.
3. Return the prop to its retainer.
4. Let the hood down and close it firmly.
5-11
Engine Compartment Overview
When you lift the hood, you’ll see these items:
5-12
A. Underhood Fuse Block. See Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 5-106.
B. Remote Positive (+) Terminal. See Jump Starting on
page 5-43.
C. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-38.
D. Radiator Pressure Cap. See Radiator Pressure Cap
on page 5-25.
E. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir. See Power Steering
Fluid on page 5-36.
F. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See Engine Oil on page 5-13.
G. Engine Oil Dipstick. See Engine Oil on page 5-13.
H. Transaxle Fluid Dipstick. See Automatic Transaxle
Fluid on page 5-20.
I. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See Brakes on
page 5-39.
J. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-18.
K. Coolant Recovery Tank. See Cooling System on
page 5-28.
Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine oil dipstick.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil
dipstick might not show the actual level.
5-13
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the cross-hatched area at the tip
of the dipstick, then you will need to add at least one
quart of oil. But you must use the right kind. This section
explains what kind of oil to use. For engine oil
crankcase capacity, see Capacities and Specifications
on page 5-113.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If your engine has
so much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper operating
range, your engine could be damaged.
5-14
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the
engine oil fill cap.
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range in the cross-hatched area.
Push the dipstick all the way back in when you are
through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Look for two things:
• GM6094M
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting
GM Standard GM6094M. You should look for and
use only an oil that meets GM Standard GM6094M.
5-15
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is best
for your vehicle. However, if it is going to be 0°F
(−18°C) or above and SAE 5W-30 is not available,
you may use SAE 10W-30.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should also
have the starburst
symbol on the container.
This symbol indicates
that the oil has been
certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and showing the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the recommended
oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol meet GM Standard GM6094M
are all you will need for good performance and engine
protection.
You should look for this information on the oil container,
and use only those oils that are identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and have the starburst symbol
on the front of the oil container.
5-16
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System)
How to Reset the Change Engine Oil
Message
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based on
engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not on
mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage at
which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly, you
must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
The GM Oil Life System calculates when to change
your engine oil and filter based on vehicle use. Anytime
your oil is changed, reset the system so it can
calculate when the next oil change is required. If a
situation occurs where you change your oil prior to a
CHANGE ENGINE OIL message being turned on, reset
the system.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL message will
come on. Change your oil as soon as possible within
the next two times you stop for fuel. It is possible that, if
you are driving under the best conditions, the oil life
system may not indicate that an oil change is necessary
for over a year. However, your engine oil and filter
must be changed at least once a year and at this time
the system must be reset. Your dealer has GM-trained
people who will perform this work using genuine
GM parts and reset the system. It is also important to
check your oil regularly and keep it at the proper level.
1. With the ignition key in RUN but the engine off,
repeatedly push the trip/reset button until OIL is
displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
2. Once OIL is displayed, push and hold the trip/reset
button for five seconds. The number will disappear
and be replaced by 100 (indicating 100% oil life
remaining).
3. Turn the key to OFF.
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message comes back on
when you start your vehicle, the engine oil life system
has not reset. Repeat the procedure.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must
change your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your
last oil change. Remember to reset the oil life system
whenever the oil is changed.
5-17
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine air cleaner/filter.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it
in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by
taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have a
problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask
your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center
for help.
5-18
When to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at every oil change
and replace it at the first oil change after
25,000 miles (40 000 km). See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4 for more information.
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the filter from
the vehicle and lightly shake the filter to release
loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains caked with dirt,
a new filter is required.
To inspect or replace the air cleaner/filter, do the
following:
6. Latch the hooks to secure the panel in place. If the
panel moves easily, check that the tabs are seated
correctly in the slots.
7. Put the duct back on and reinstall the clamps.
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The
air cleaner not only cleans the air, it helps to
stop flame if the engine backfires. If it is not
there and the engine backfires, you could be
burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
1. Remove the two clamps on the duct.
2. Remove the duct.
3. Unlatch the two hooks on top of the engine air
cleaner/filter housing.
4. Remove and replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
5. Align the tabs located on the bottom of the
panel with the slots at the bottom of the housing.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can
easily get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when you
are driving.
5-19
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
When to Check and Change Automatic
Transaxle Fluid
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
• In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher
• In hilly or mountainous terrain
• When doing frequent trailer towing
• Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service
If you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, change the fluid and filter at
100,000 miles (166 000 km).
See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4 for more
information.
5-20
How to Check Automatic Transaxle
Fluid
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at the dealership service
department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage the
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine or
exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Too little fluid
could cause the transaxle to overheat. Be sure
to get an accurate reading if you check the transaxle
fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
•
•
•
•
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C)
At high speed for quite a while
In heavy traffic – especially in hot weather
While pulling a trailer
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at
normal operating temperature, which is 180°F to
200°F (82°C to 93°C).
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about
15 miles (24 km) when outside temperatures are above
50°F (10°C). If it is colder than 50°F (10°C), you
may have to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
• Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine
running.
• With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
• With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
• Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
The dipstick is located toward the back of the engine
compartment, next to the brake master cylinder
reservoir.
The dipstick has a bright, red loop design for easy
identification. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
5-21
Notice: Use of automatic transaxle fluid labeled
other than DEXRON®-III may damage your vehicle,
and the damages may not be covered by your
warranty. Always use DEXRON®-III labeled automatic
transaxle fluid.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
How to Add Fluid Automatic Transaxle
Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-11.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on the
dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It does not take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Do not overfill.
5-22
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check Automatic
Transaxle Fluid”.
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add
only DEX-COOL® extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating on
page 5-25.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
•
•
•
•
•
Give freezing protection down to −34°F (−37°C)
Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C)
Protect against rust and corrosion
Help keep the proper engine temperature
Let the warning messages and gages work as
they should
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
What Engine Coolant to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which will not damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you do
not need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture,
your engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost would not be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you do not
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system. These can be harmful.
5-23
Adding Coolant
Checking Coolant
The coolant recovery tank
is located on the driver’s
side of the vehicle,
above the engine air
cleaner/filter. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for more
information on location.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the FULL
COLD mark, or a little higher. When your engine is
warm, the level should be above the FULL COLD mark
or a little higher.
5-24
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank.
{CAUTION:
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you
badly. With the coolant recovery tank, you will
almost never have to add coolant at the
radiator. Never turn the radiator pressure
cap — even a little — when the engine and
radiator are hot.
Add coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank, but be
careful not to spill it.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
Occasionally check the coolant level in the radiator.
For information on how to add coolant to the radiator,
see Cooling System on page 5-28.
Radiator Pressure Cap
Notice: The radiator cap on your vehicle is a
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap line
up with the overflow tube on the radiator filler neck.
The radiator pressure cap is located at the front of the
engine compartment on the passenger’s side of the
vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
Engine Overheating
You will find an engine coolant temperature gage on
your vehicle’s instrument panel cluster. See Engine
Coolant Temperature Gage on page 3-44. You
also have an engine coolant temperature warning
message on your instrument panel. See Engine Coolant
Temperature Warning Message on page 3-52.
5-25
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
This emergency operating mode allows your vehicle to
be driven to a safe place in an emergency situation.
If an overheated engine condition exists, an overheat
protection mode which alternates firing groups of
cylinders helps prevent engine damage. In this mode,
you will notice a significant loss in power and engine
performance. The temperature gage will indicate
an overheat condition exists. Driving extended
miles (km) and/or towing a trailer in the overheat
protection mode should be avoided.
Notice: After driving in the overheated engine
protection operating mode, to avoid engine damage,
allow the engine to cool before attempting any
repair. The engine oil will be severely degraded.
Repair the cause of coolant loss, change the oil and
reset the oil life system. See Engine Oil on
page 5-13.
5-26
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay
away from the engine if you see or hear steam
coming from it. Just turn it off and get
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You
or others could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the
vehicle until the engine is cool.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” under Engine Overheating on page 5-25
for information on driving to a safe place in an
emergency.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” under Engine
Overheating on page 5-25 for information on driving
to a safe place in an emergency.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear
no steam, the problem may not be too serious.
Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot when you:
•
•
•
•
Climb a long hill on a hot day
Stop after high-speed driving
Idle for long periods in traffic
Tow a trailer
5-27
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If your air conditioner is on, turn it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
Cooling System
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is what
you will see:
3. If you are in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving — AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) or
THIRD (3).
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning does not come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there is still no sign of steam, idle the engine for three
minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of the
vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously in
this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-28
A. Radiator
Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine
Cooling Fans
C. Coolant Recovery Tank
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood
can start up even when the engine is not
running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
do not do anything else until it cools down. The
vehicle should be parked on a level surface.
The coolant level should be at or above the FULL
COLD mark. If it is not, you may have a leak at the
pressure cap or in the radiator hoses, heater hoses,
radiator, water pump or somewhere else in the cooling
system.
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Do not touch them. If
you do, you can be burned.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If you
run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That
could cause an engine fire, and you could be
burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive the
vehicle.
5-29
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check
to see if the electric engine cooling fans are running.
If the engine is overheating, both fans should be
running. If they are not, your vehicle needs service.
Notice: Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant is not covered by your warranty. See
“Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode”
in the Index for information on driving to a safe
place in an emergency.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
5-30
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you have not found a problem yet, but the coolant
level is not at or above the FULL COLD mark, add
a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® engine coolant at the coolant recovery
tank. See Engine Coolant on page 5-22 for more
information.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at or
above the FULL COLD mark, start your vehicle.
5-31
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling
system is cool before you do it.
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap — even a little — they can come
out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and
radiator pressure cap to cool if you ever have
to turn the pressure cap.
5-32
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
Notice: Your engine has a specific radiator
fill procedure. Failure to follow this procedure could
cause your engine to overheat and be severely
damaged.
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when
the cooling system, including the radiator pressure
cap and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise until
it first stops. Do not press down while turning the
pressure cap.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss
means there is still some pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push
down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
5-33
Housing
Bypass Tube
3. After the engine cools, open the coolant air bleed
valves.
There are two bleed valves. One is located on the
thermostat housing. The other is located on the
thermostat bypass tube.
4. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler
neck. See Engine Coolant on page 5-22 for more
information about the proper coolant mixture.
If you see a stream of coolant coming from an air
bleed valve, close the valve. Otherwise, close
the valves after the radiator is filled.
5. Rinse or wipe any spilled coolant from the engine
and the compartment.
5-34
6. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
7. By this time, the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOL® coolant mixture
through the filler neck until the level reaches
the base of the filler neck.
8. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the filler
neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the arrows
on the pressure cap line up with the vent tube.
5-35
Power Steering Fluid
9. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the FULL
COLD mark.
10. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank.
5-36
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for reservoir location.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartment is hot, the level should
be at the H (hot) mark. When it’s cold, the level
should be at the C (cold) mark. If the fluid is at the
ADD mark, you should add fluid.
What Power Steering Fluid to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then
remove the cap again and look at the fluid level on the
dipstick.
5-37
Windshield Washer Fluid
What Washer Fluid to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will
be operating your vehicle in an area where the
temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for reservoir
location.
Adding Washer Fluid
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it. Add
washer fluid until the
tank is full.
5-38
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid, follow
the manufacturer’s instructions for adding
water.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
Water can cause the solution to freeze and
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts
of the washer system. Also, water does not
clean as well as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters
full when it is very cold. This allows for
expansion if freezing occurs, which could
damage the tank if it is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in your
windshield washer. It can damage your washer
system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in,
the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is
that fluid is leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you
should have your brake system fixed, since a leak
means that sooner or later your brakes will not work
well, or will not work at all.
So, it is not a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you will have too
much fluid when you get new brake linings. You should
add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is filled with DOT-3
brake fluid. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for the location of the reservoir.
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
5-39
{CAUTION:
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-42.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-11.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the
area around the cap before removing it. This will help
keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or
they may not even work at all. This could
cause a crash. Always use the proper brake
fluid.
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
system parts. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system
parts so badly that they will have to be replaced.
Do not let someone put in the wrong kind of
fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged.
Be careful not to spill brake fluid on your
vehicle. If you do, wash it off immediately.
See Appearance Care on page 5-97.
5-40
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and may have rear
drum brakes or rear disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound
may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle
is moving (except when you are pushing on the
brake pedal firmly).
{CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon your brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear the
brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle
serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in
the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
If you have rear drum brakes, they do not have wear
indicators, but if you ever hear a rear brake rubbing
noise, have the rear brake linings inspected immediately.
Also, the rear brake drums should be removed and
inspected each time the tires are removed for rotation or
changing. When you have the front brake pads
replaced, have the rear brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
5-41
Replacing Brake System Parts
Vehicle Storage
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your
vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality
GM brake parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system — for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you need new ones put in — be sure you get
new approved GM replacement parts. If you do not,
your brakes may no longer work properly. For example,
if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong for
your vehicle, the balance between your front and rear
brakes can change — for the worse. The braking
performance you have come to expect can change in
many other ways if someone puts in the wrong
replacement brake parts.
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or
more, remove the black, negative (−) cable from the
battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
Battery
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your
vehicle for longer storage periods.
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelco® battery. When it is time for a new battery, get
one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco®
battery.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
Also, for your audio system, see Theft-Deterrent
Feature (Non-RDS Radios) on page 3-116 or
Theft-Deterrent Feature (RDS Radios) on page 3-116.
5-42
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and
gas that can explode. You can be badly hurt if
you are not careful. See Jump Starting on
page 5-43 for tips on working around a battery
without getting hurt.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to follow the steps below to do it safely.
On vehicles equipped with the optional power sliding
door, a low-voltage battery or replacing a battery
may cause the system to become inoperative. See
Power Sliding Door (PSD) on page 2-16 for more
information.
{CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or
ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly, some
or all of these things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that would not be covered
by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling it
will not work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a 12-volt
system with a negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged. Only use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles are not touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you do not want. You would not be able
to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding
could damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transaxle in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle in
NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake.
5-43
The terminal is located
under a tethered cap at
the front of the underhood
fuse block. See Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more
information on location.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other accessories
on during the jump starting procedure, they could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Always turn off your radio and
other accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or in the accessory power outlet. Turn off
the radio and all lamps that aren’t needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it
could save your radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (−) terminal locations on
each vehicle.
You will not need to access your battery for jump
starting. Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) jump
starting terminal for that purpose.
Squeeze the tabs and pull up on the cap to access
the remote positive (+) terminal. You should
always use the remote positive (+) terminal instead
of the positive (+) terminal on your battery.
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
5-44
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing
this, and some have been blinded. Use a
flashlight if you need more light.
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You do
not need to add water to the ACDelco® battery
installed in your new vehicle. But if a battery
has filler caps, be sure the right amount of
fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take care
of that first. If you do not, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Do not get it on you. If you accidentally get it
in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place
with water and get medical help immediately.
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one. Negative (−) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one. Do not
connect positive (+) to negative (−) or you will
get a short that would damage the battery and
maybe other parts, too. And do not connect
the negative (−) cable to the negative (−) terminal
on the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the dead battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
5-45
7. Do not let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black
negative (−) cable to
the negative (−)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
negative (−) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end touch anything until the
next step. The other end of the negative (−) cable
does not go to the dead battery. It goes to a
heavy, unpainted metal part, or to a remote
negative (−) terminal on the vehicle with the dead
battery.
9. Connect the other end
of the negative (−)
cable at least
18 inches (45 cm)
away from the dead
battery, but not
near engine parts
that move.
The electrical connection is just as good there, and
the chance of sparks getting back to the battery
is much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery.
If it will not start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
5-46
Notice: If the jumper cables are removed in the
wrong order, electrical shorting may occur and
damage the vehicle. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Remove the jumper
cables in the correct order, making sure that the
cables do not touch each other or other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles, do
the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other
vehicle.
5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover to its
original position.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
5-47
All-Wheel Drive
How to Check Lubricant
If you have an all-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure to
perform the lubricant checks described in this section.
However, all-wheel-drive vehicles have two additional
systems that need lubrication.
Transfer Case (Power Transfer Unit)
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4.
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-11.
5-48
Carrier Assembly-Differential
(Rear Drive Module)
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant and when to change it. See
Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
A fluid loss could indicate a problem; check and have it
repaired, if needed.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-11.
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
5-49
Bulb Replacement
For the type of bulbs, see Replacement Bulbs on
page 5-56.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
Halogen Bulbs
{CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
Headlamps
1. Open the hood.
2. Remove the front turn signal/parking lamp
assembly. See Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and
Parking Lamps on page 5-52.
3. Pull the assembly away from the vehicle.
5-50
4. Unscrew the black retainer ring that holds the bulb
assembly in place.
5. Pull the bulb assembly straight up from the lamp
housing.
6. Unhook the electrical connector by lifting up the
blue tabs and pulling the bulb out.
7. Install the new bulb through the black retainer ring
and into the electrical connector. Tighten the black
retainer ring in place. Push the bulb firmly
enough so that the blue tabs hook over the tab
on the bulb.
8. Carefully put the bulb assembly back into the lamp
housing. Be careful not to damage the bulb on the
headlamp aiming bar.
5-51
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and
Parking Lamps
1. Open the hood.
9. Align the pins on the bottom of the headlamp
assembly with the holes in the lamp support
bracket.
10. To reinstall the front turn signal/parking lamp
assembly. See Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker
and Parking Lamps on page 5-52 next.
2. Remove the thumbscrew attaching the front turn
signal/parking lamp assembly to the headlamp
assembly.
3. Pull the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly
away from the vehicle.
5-52
Front Turn Signal/Parking Lamp
Front Sidemarker Lamp
4. Unscrew the bulb socket from the lamp assembly
by pressing the tab while turning it
counterclockwise.
5. Replace the bulb by pulling the old one out and
gently pushing the new one into the lamp socket.
6. Line up the tabs on the socket with the gaps in the
socket holes and screw the bulb socket back into
the lamp housing until a click is heard (the tab
popping back out).
5-53
8. To align the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly
with the headlamp assembly, lift up the front turn
signal/parking lamp assembly until the upper edge is
contacting the fender.
9. Fasten the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly
to the headlamp assembly with the thumbscrew
removed in Step 2.
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps
and Back-up Lamps
1. Open the liftgate.
7. To reinstall the lamp assembly, line up and insert
the tabs on the back of the assembly in the slots in
the fender. Engage the lower clip on the back of
the lamp assembly into the fender, keeping
the upper tab on the front turn signal/parking lamp
assembly inboard of the headlamp bracket tab.
5-54
2. Remove the two screws from the taillamp housing
on the inboard side.
3. Pull off the entire taillamp housing.
The locator/retaining pins on the outboard side are
part of the lamp assembly and will remain intact
during removal.
4. Remove the bulb holder by pressing the four
retaining tabs and pulling the holder away from
the assembly.
A. Taillamp Bulb
B. Back-Up Lamp Bulb
C. Turn Signal Lamp Bulb
D. Stop/Taillamp Bulb
5. Replace the bulb by pulling the old bulb out and
gently pushing the new bulb into the bulb holder
socket.
6. Snap the bulb holder back into place, making
sure all retaining tabs are properly over the bulb
holder tabs.
7. Reinstall the taillamp assembly by inserting the
outboard locating/retaining pins until the lamp is
seated. Secure with the inboard screws.
5-55
Replacement Bulbs
For any bulb not listed here contact your dealer.
Lamp
Back-up Lamps (3rd from Top)
Front Sidemarker Lamps
Front Turn Signal/Parking Lamps
Headlamps
Stop/Taillamps (Top)
Taillamps (Bottom)
Turn Signal Lamps (2nd from Top)
Bulb Number
3156
194
4157 NAK
9004-HBI
3057
3057
3156
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4 for more information.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed in different ways. For proper type and length,
see Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts on
page 6-12.
To remove the windshield wiper blade(s):
1. Turn the wipers on to the lowest intermittent setting.
2. Turn the ignition to OFF while the wipers are at
the outer position of the wipe pattern.
3. Pull the windshield wiper arm away from the
windshield or backglass.
5-56
4. While holding the wiper
arm away from the
glass, push the release
clip from under the
blade.
5. Push the release clip at the connecting point of the
blade and the arm up. Then pull the blade assembly
down toward the glass to remove it from the
wiper arm.
6. Push the new wiper blade securely on the wiper arm
until you hear the release clip “click” into place.
7. Push the release clip, from Step 4, down to secure
the wiper blade into place.
5-57
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your GM Warranty booklet for details. For additional
information refer to the tire manufacturer’s booklet
included with your vehicle’s Owner’s Manual.
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
CAUTION:
5-58
• Underinflated tires pose the same danger
•
{CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
•
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents.
If your tread is badly worn, or if your tires
have been damaged, replace them.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into its
sidewall. The following illustrations are examples of a
typical P-Metric and a LT-Metric tire sidewall.
(A) Tire Size Code: The tire size code is a combination
of letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type and
service description. See the “Tire Size Code” illustration
later in this section for more detail.
(B) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have
a TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all federal
safety guidelines.
(C) Department of Transportation (DOT): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates that
the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department of
Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following DOT code are the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and date the tire was
manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both sides
of the tire, although only one side may have the date
of manufacture.
P-Metric Tire
5-59
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number
of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on
three performance factors: treadwear, traction and
temperature resistance. For more information, see
Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 5-72.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. For information on
recommended tire pressure see Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-68 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
LT-Metric Tire
5-60
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination
of letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type
and service description. See the “Tire Size”
illustration later in this section for more detail.
(B) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a
TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all federal
safety guidelines.
(C) Dual Tire Maximum Load: Maximum load that
can be carried and the maximum pressure needed to
support that load when used in a dual configuration.
For information on recommended tire pressure see
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-68 and Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-35.
(E) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following DOT code are the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and date the tire was
manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both sides
of the tire, although only one side may have the
date of manufacture.
(F) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number
of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(G) Single Tire Maximum Load: Maximum load that
can be carried and the maximum pressure needed
to support that load when used as a single. For
information on recommended tire pressure see
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-68 and Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
(D) Department of Transportation (DOT): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates
that the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department
of Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
5-61
(A) Temporary Use Only: The compact spare tire or
temporary use tire has a tread life of approximately
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and should not be driven
at speeds over 65 mph (105 km/h). The compact spare
tire is for emergency use when a regular road tire
has lost air and gone flat. See Compact Spare Tire
on page 5-96 and If a Tire Goes Flat on page 5-78.
(B) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number
of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(C) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows the
manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and date
the tire was manufactured. The TIN is molded
onto both sides of the tire, although only one
side may have the date of manufacture.
(D) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. See Compact Spare Tire
on page 5-96 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
Compact Spare Tire Example
5-62
(E) Tire Inflation: The temporary use tire or compact
spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi (420 kPa).
For more information on tire pressure and inflation see
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-68.
Tire Size
The following examples show the different parts of
a tire size.
(F) Tire Size: A combination of letters and numbers
define a tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction
type and service description. The letter “T” as the
first character in the tire size means the tire is for
temporary use only.
(G) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a
TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all federal
safety guidelines.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letter “P” as
the first character in the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to standards set by the U.S. Tire
and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
5-63
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates the
tire height-to-width measurements. For example, if
the tire size aspect ratio is “75,” as shown in item “C” of
the illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall
is 75% as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The letter
“R” means radial ply construction; the letter “D” means
diagonal or bias ply construction; and the letter “B”
means belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
(F) Service Description: The service description
indicates the load range and speed rating of a tire. The
load index can range from 1 to 279. Speed ratings
range from “A” to “Z”. The light truck tire size example
above shows dual or single tire configurations.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire
(A) Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letter “LT” as
the first two characters in the tire size means a light
truck tire engineered to standards set by the U. S. Tire
and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
5-64
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates the
tire height-to-width measurements. For example, if
the tire size aspect ratio is “75,” as shown in item “C” of
the illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall
is 75% as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The letter
“R” means radial ply construction; the letter “D” means
diagonal or bias ply construction; and the letter “B”
means belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
(F) Service Description: The service description
indicates the load range and speed rating of a tire. The
load index can range from 1 to 279. Speed ratings
range from “A” to “Z”. The light truck tire size example
above shows dual or single tire configurations.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire pressing
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air pressure
is expressed in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined weight
of optional accessories. Some examples of optional
accessories are, automatic transmission, power steering,
power brakes, power windows, power seats, and air
conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height to its
width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is located
between the plies and the tread. Cords may be made
from steel or other reinforcing materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped by
steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
5-65
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies are
laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Cold Inflation Pressure: The amount of air pressure in
a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up heat
from driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-68.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment including
the maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, but
without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall of a
tire signifying that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation motor vehicle safety
standards. The DOT code includes the Tire Identification
Number (TIN), an alphanumeric designator which can
also identify the tire manufacturer, production plant,
brand and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the front
axle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
5-66
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear axle,
see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire, that must always face outward when
mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
There are 6.9 kPa’s to one psi.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on light duty
trucks and some multipurpose passenger vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from 1 to 279
that corresponds to the load carrying capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated. The
maximum air pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of curb
weight; accessory weight; vehicle capacity weight;
and production options weight.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of occupants a
vehicle is designed to seat multiplied by 150 pounds
(68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
Radial Ply tire: A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords
that extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating positions.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which the tire
beads are seated.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of a asymmetrical
tire that has a particular side that faces outward
when mounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire that
contains a whitewall, bears white lettering or bears
manufacturer, brand and or model name molding that is
higher or deeper than the same moldings on the
other sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on passenger
cars and some light duty trucks and multipurpose
vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation pressure and
shown on the tire placard. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-68 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread and
the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned to a
tire indicating the maximum speed at which a tire
can operate.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the road
surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into contact
with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called “wear bars,” that show across the tread of a tire
when only 2/32 inch of tread remains. See When It
Is Time for New Tires on page 5-71.
5-67
UTQGS: Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards, a tire
information system that provides consumers with
ratings for a tire’s traction, temperature and treadwear.
Ratings are determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are molded
into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 5-72.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of designated
seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs. (68 kg) plus
the rated cargo load. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-35.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory weight,
occupant weight and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to a
vehicle showing the original equipment tire size
and recommended inflation pressure. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-35.
5-68
Inflation - Tire Pressure
The Certification/Tire label or Tire and Loading
Information label shows the correct inflation pressures
for your tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means your
vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or driven
no more than 1 mile (1.6 km). See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-35.
Notice: Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation
or overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can get
the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (overinflation), you
can get the following:
•
•
•
•
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Also, check the tire pressure of the compact spare tire.
It should be at 60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem. Press
the tire gage firmly onto the valve to get a pressure
measurement. If the cold tire inflation pressure is low,
add air until you reach the recommended pressure
on the Certification/Tire label or the Tire and Loading
Information label.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the
metal stem in the center of the tire valve. Recheck the
tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also
check for damaged tires or wheels. See When It Is Time
for New Tires on page 5-71 and Wheel Replacement
on page 5-74 for more information.
Make sure the spare tire is stored securely. Push, pull
and then try to rotate or turn the tire. If the tire
moves, use the folding wrench to tighten the cable. See
“Storing the Spare Tire and Tools” under Changing a
Flat Tire on page 5-78.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation
is the most important. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4.
5-69
{CAUTION:
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the
Certification/Tire label or the Tire and Loading
Information label.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” under Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-113.
5-70
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle.
In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a
scraper or wire brush later, if you need to, to
get all the rust or dirt off. See “Changing a Flat
Tire” in the Index.
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
• The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or
location of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Certification/Tire label or the Tire and Loading
Information label. See Loading Your Vehicle on
page 4-35, for examples of the labels and where they
can be found on your vehicle.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
GM recommends that you get tires with that same
TPC Spec number. That way your vehicle will continue
to have tires that are designed to give proper
endurance, handling, speed rating, traction, ride and
other things during normal service on your vehicle.
If your tires have an all-season tread design, the TPC
number will be followed by an “MS” (for mud and snow).
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
5-71
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes
or types (radial and bias-belted tires), the
vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of different
sizes may also cause damage to your vehicle.
Be sure to use the same size and type tires on
all wheels. It’s all right to drive with your
compact spare temporarily, it was developed
for use on your vehicle. See Compact Spare
Tire on page 5-96.
5-72
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires,
tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1.5) times as well on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature – A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can
cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
5-73
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
5-74
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts or
wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control. You could have
a collision in which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire chain
clearance to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-78 for more
information.
Used Replacement Wheels
{CAUTION:
Tire Chains
Notice: Use tire chains only where legal and only
when you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that are the proper size for your tires. Install them
on the front tires and tighten them as tightly as
possible with the ends securely fastened. Drive
slowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s
instructions. If you can hear the chains contacting
your vehicle, stop and retighten them. If the contact
continues, slow down until it stops. Driving too
fast or spinning the wheels with chains on will
damage your vehicle.
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used
or how far it’s been driven. It could fail
suddenly and cause a crash. If you have to
replace a wheel, use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
5-75
Accessory Inflator
Your vehicle may have an accessory inflator. With it,
you can inflate things like air mattresses and
basketballs, and you can also use it to bring your
tires up to the proper pressure.
The accessory inflator is located in the rear
compartment on the driver’s side. To remove the
protective cap, pull the tab on the cap.
This symbol is on the
accessory inflator switch.
There may be an accessory inflator kit stored in the
glove box. It includes a 20-foot (6 m) hose with an air
pressure gage and nozzle adapters.
{CAUTION:
Inflating something too much can make it
explode, and you or others could be injured.
Be sure to read the inflator instructions, and
inflate any object only to its recommended
pressure.
To use your accessory inflator system, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.
2. Attach the appropriate nozzle adapter, if required,
to the end of the hose that has the pressure gage.
3. Attach that end of the hose to the object you wish
to inflate.
5-76
4. Remove the protective cap covering the outlet.
5. Attach the other end of the hose to the outlet.
6. Press the accessory inflator switch. The light in the
switch will come on to show the system is working.
If the accessory inflator system does not turn on or the
light does not come on, the fuse may be blown or
installed incorrectly. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 5-106 or see your dealer for service.
Your accessory inflator will automatically shut off after
about 10 minutes. The light in the switch will blink. After
about one minute you can use the system again.
Press the switch and the indicator light will come on.
After running the accessory inflator for 30 minutes, wait
at least 10 minutes before restarting the accessory
inflator.
To turn off the inflator, do the following:
1. Press the switch and detach the hose, first from
the inflated object, then from the outlet.
2. Put the protective cap back on.
3. Place the inflator kit tools in the pouch, and store in
the glove box.
To put the cap back on, line up the tabs at the back of
the cover and put it in place. Push down the tab to
secure the cap.
Notice: If you run the accessory inflator longer
than 30 minutes at a time, you could damage
the inflator. The repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Run the inflator for short periods of
time only.
5-77
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blowout” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use
in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous without
the appropriate safety equipment and training.
The jack provided with your vehicle is
designed only for changing a flat tire. If it is
used for anything else, you or others could be
badly injured or killed if the vehicle slips off
the jack. Use the jack provided with your
vehicle only for changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your
hazard warning flashers.
5-78
{CAUTION:
Changing a tire can be dangerous. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over or fall on you
or other people. You and they could be badly
injured or even killed. Find a level place to
change your tire. To help prevent the vehicle
from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine and do not restart
while the vehicle is raised.
4. Do not allow passengers to remain in the
vehicle.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t
move, you should put blocks at the front and
rear of the tire farthest away from the one
being changed. That would be the tire, on the
other side, at the opposite end of the vehicle.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
5-79
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The tools you will need are
located in the storage
compartment at the rear of
the vehicle, on the
passenger’s side.
To remove the tools, do the following:
1. Remove the side convenience net.
2. Open the jack storage compartment by lifting up the
tab and pulling the cover off.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Jack
Strap
Bracket
Wing Nut
Jacking Instructions
F. Bag and Tools
G. Tire Bag and Cable
(All-Wheel Drive
(AWD) only)
3. Remove the jack and jacking tools by loosening the
wing nut and bracket.
4. Separate the plastic pouch from the jack and
remove the jacking tools, including the folding
wrench and extension, from the pouch.
5-80
The tools you will be using include the jack (A),
extension (B) and folding wrench (C).
The compact spare tire is located under the rear of the
vehicle. See “Compact Spare Tire” later in this
section for more information about the compact spare.
To remove the compact spare tire, do the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Hoist Shaft
Hoist Assembly
Retainer
Compact Spare Tire
E. Extension
(Chisel End)
F. Folding Wrench
1. Attach the folding wrench to the extension and
insert the chisel end on an angle through the
hole in the rear bumper and into the hoist shaft.
2. Turn the folding wrench counterclockwise to lower
the compact spare tire to the ground. Continue to
turn the wrench so the compact spare tire can
be pulled out from under the vehicle.
5-81
4. If your vehicle is an AWD vehicle, after removing
the compact spare tire, turn the wrench clockwise
to raise the cable back up.
On an AWD vehicle, you can not store a full-size
tire under the vehicle. It should be stowed inside the
vehicle by the cable provided. See “Storing the
Flat Tire on an All-Wheel-Drive Vehicle” later in this
section.
If you have a front-wheel-drive vehicle, the hoist is
used to store a full-size or a flat road tire under
the vehicle. See “Storing the Spare Tire and Tools”
and “Storing the Flat Tire on a Front-Wheel Drive
Vehicle” later in this section.
3. To remove the compact spare tire from the cable,
tilt the retainer at the end of the cable so it can be
pulled up through the wheel opening.
5-82
If the compact spare tire will not lower, check under the
vehicle to see if the tire is hanging loose and the
cable end and spring under the wheel plate are missing.
If so, the secondary latch system is engaged. See
“Secondary Latch System” later in this section.
To continue changing the flat tire see “Removing the
Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire” later in this
section.
Secondary Latch System
Your vehicle may have an underbody mounted tire hoist
assembly equipped with a secondary latch system.
It is designed to stop a tire from suddenly falling off your
vehicle if the cable holding the spare tire is damaged.
For the secondary latch to work, the tire must be stowed
with the valve stem pointing down.
Front-wheel-drive vehicles use the underbody tire hoist
assembly to store either the compact spare or a flat
road tire. See “Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools”
later in this section for instructions on storing the
spare or flat tire correctly.
If your vehicle is equipped with AWD, the underbody tire
hoist assembly stores only the compact spare tire.
See “Storing the Spare Tire and Tools” later in
this section for instructions. To store a flat full-size tire
correctly, see “Storing the Flat Tire on an
All-Wheel-Drive Vehicle” later in this section.
{CAUTION:
Before beginning this procedure read all the
instructions. Failure to read and follow the
instructions could damage the hoist assembly
and you and others could get hurt. Read and
follow the instructions listed below.
To release the spare tire from the secondary latch, do
the following:
{CAUTION:
Someone standing too close during the
procedure could be injured by the jack.
If the spare tire does not slide off the jack
completely, make sure no one is behind you or
on either side of you as you pull the jack out
from the spare.
5-83
1. Place the jack under the vehicle, ahead of the rear
bumper. Position the center lift point of the jack
under the center of the compact spare tire.
2. Turn the folding wrench clockwise to raise the jack
until it lifts the secondary latch device under the
wheel plate.
3. Keep raising the jack until the compact spare tire
stops moving upward and is held firmly in place,
this lets you know that the secondary latch
has released.
4. Lower the jack by turning the folding wrench
counterclockwise. Keep lowering the jack until the
compact spare tire is resting on the folding wrench.
5-84
5. Grasp the compact spare tire with both hands and
pull it out from under the vehicle.
6. Reach under the vehicle and remove the folding
wrench and jack.
Have the hoist assembly inspected as soon as you can.
You will not be able to store a spare or flat tire using
the hoist assembly until it has been repaired or replaced.
Removing the Wheel Covers
If the wheel has a center cap, use the handle of the
folding wrench to pry it off. Then, with the other end of
the folding wrench, loosen the nuts.
If your vehicle has the plastic bolt-on wheel covers,
loosen the bolts completely using the folding wrench,
and remove the wheel cover.
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire
1. Loosen the wheel
nuts — but do not
remove them — using
the folding wrench.
Turn the handle about
180 degrees, then
flip the handle back to
the starting position.
This avoids taking
the wrench off the lug
nut for each turn.
For wheels with a wheel lock key, use the wheel
lock key between the lock nut and folding wrench.
The key is supplied in the front passenger door
pocket.
Notice: If your vehicle has wheel locks and you use
an impact wrench to remove the wheel nuts, you
could damage the lock nut or wheel lock key. Do not
use an impact wrench to remove the wheel nuts if
your vehicle has wheel locks.
5-85
2. Near each wheel, there
is a notch in the
vehicle’s body. Position
the jack and raise
the jack head until it
fits firmly into the notch
in the vehicle’s frame
nearest the flat tire.
Notice: If you use a jack to raise the vehicle
without positioning it correctly, you could damage
your vehicle. When raising your vehicle on a
jack, avoid contact with the rear axle control arms.
Do not raise the vehicle yet. Put the compact spare
tire near you.
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
5-86
{CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising the vehicle.
3. Attach the folding
wrench to the jack, and
turn the wrench
clockwise to raise the
jack head a few
inches.
4. Raise the vehicle by turning the folding wrench
clockwise in the jack. Raise the vehicle far enough
off the ground so there is enough room for the
compact spare tire to fit under the wheel well.
5-87
5. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
6. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces
and spare wheel.
5-88
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
the places where the wheel attaches to the
vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth
or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to, to
get all the rust or dirt off.
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel
could fall off, causing a serious accident.
7. Install the compact spare tire and put the wheel
nuts back on with the rounded end of the nuts
toward the wheel. Tighten each nut by hand until
the wheel is held against the hub.
8. Lower the vehicle by attaching the folding wheel
wrench to the jack and turning the wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
5-89
9. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence, as shown.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead
to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification. See “Capacities and
Specifications” in the index for the wheel nut torque
specification.
10. Do not try to put a wheel cover on the compact
spare tire. It will not fit. Store the wheel cover
securely in the rear of the vehicle until you have the
flat tire repaired or replaced.
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to come loose
and even come off. This could lead to an
accident. Be sure to use the correct wheel
nuts. If you have to replace them, be sure to
get new GM original equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to the
proper torque specification. See “Capacities
and Specifications” in the Index for wheel nut
torque specification.
5-90
Notice: Wheel covers will not fit on your compact
spare. If you try to put a wheel cover on the compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone. Store
all these in the proper place.
The underbody-mounted spare tire needs to be
stored with the valve stem pointing down. If
the spare tire is stored with the valve stem
pointing upwards, its secondary latch won’t
work properly and the spare tire could loosen
and suddenly fall from your vehicle. If this
happened when your vehicle was being driven,
the tire might contact a person or another
vehicle, causing injury and, of course, damage
to itself as well. Be sure the
underbody-mounted spare tire is stored with
its valve stem pointing down.
5-91
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
1. Lay the tire near the rear of the vehicle with the
valve stem down.
2. If the vehicle has aluminum wheels, remove the
small center cap by tapping the back of the cap
with the extension of the shaft.
3. Slide the cable retainer through the center of the
wheel and start to raise the tire.
Make sure the retainer is fully seated across the
underside of the wheel.
4. When the tire is almost in the stored position, turn
the tire so the valve is towards the rear of the
vehicle.
This will help when you check and maintain tire
pressure in the spare.
5. Raise the tire fully against the underside of the
vehicle. Continue turning the folding wrench until
you feel more than two clicks. This indicates that the
compact spare tire is secure and the cable is
tight. The spare tire hoist cannot be overtightened.
A. Push and Pull
B. Turn Tire
6. Make sure the tire is stored securely. Push, pull,
and then try to turn the tire. If the tire moves, use
the folding wrench to tighten the cable.
Put back all tools as they were stored in the jack
storage compartment and put the compartment cover
back on.
5-92
To put the cover back on, line up the tabs on the right
of the cover with the slots in the cover opening. Push the
cover in place and push down the tab so that it rests
in the groove. This secures the cover in place.
Store the center cap or the plastic bolt-on wheel covers
until a full size tire is put back on the vehicle. When
you replace the compact spare with a full-size tire,
reinstall the bolt-on wheel covers or the center cap.
Hand-tighten them over the wheel nuts, using the folding
wrench.
Storing the Flat Tire on a Front-Wheel
Drive Vehicle
Follow the previously listed procedure for storing a
spare tire.
A. Strap
B. Bag and Tools
C. Jack
5-93
Storing the Flat Tire on an All-Wheel-Drive
Vehicle
1. Remove the tire storage bag and cable package
from the jack storage area.
2. If the vehicle has aluminum wheels, remove the
small center cap by tapping the back of the cap
with the extension of the shaft.
3. Put the flat tire in the tire storage bag and place it
in the rear storage area with the valve stem
pointing toward the front of the vehicle.
A. Cable
B. Liftgate Hinges
C. Door Striker
4. Pull the cable through the door striker and the
center of the wheel.
5-94
5. Hook the cable onto
the outside portion of
the liftgate hinges.
6. Pull on the cable to make sure it is secure.
7. Make sure the metal
tube is centered at the
striker. Push the
tube towards the front
of the vehicle.
8. Close the liftgate and make sure that it is latched.
5-95
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure your
spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare is
made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph (105 km/h)
for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can
finish your trip and have your full-size tire repaired or
replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best to replace
your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can. Your
spare will last longer and be in good shape in case you
need it again.
Notice: When the compact spare is installed, don’t
take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
with guide rails. The compact spare can get caught
on the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
5-96
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare tire
and its wheel together.
Notice: Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare.
Using them can damage your vehicle and can
damage the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on
your compact spare.
All-Wheel Drive
After installing a compact spare tire on a vehicle with
all-wheel drive you will need to drive with light to
moderate acceleration, for 10 seconds, in a straight line.
This action will allow the vehicle to detect the compact
spare tire and disable the all-wheel drive system.
The AWD DISABLE message will come on the
instrument panel cluster indicating that the all-wheel
drive system is off. You may detect a slight pull during
this time, but this is normal.
Notice: You may damage your vehicle’s all-wheel
drive system if your vehicle is driven for an
extended period with a compact spare tire installed
and the all-wheel drive system in operation. See
“All-Wheel Drive System” and “AWD Disable
Warning Message” in the Index for more
information.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flames if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or windows
when you are cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not use any of these unless this manual says you
can. In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Benzene
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and
loose dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted
surfaces with a clean, damp cloth.
Naphtha
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet
Carbon Tetrachloride
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric and
carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains very well.
Gasoline
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your
dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on
page 5-103.
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous — some more than
others — and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
5-97
Here are some cleaning tips:
• Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
• Clean up stains as soon as you can – before
they set.
• Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
• Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
• If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean
the entire area immediately or it will set.
Using Cleaner on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any
loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Don’t saturate
the material and don’t rub it roughly.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a
sponge to remove any excess cleaner.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
5-98
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine
and blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to dry
completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
• Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do this more than once.
• Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let
the leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
• For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner.
• Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
• Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the finish,
it can harm the leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument
Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass. See
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-103.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when cleaning
glass surfaces on your vehicle, you could scratch
the glass and/or cause damage to the rear window
defogger and the integrated radio antenna. When
cleaning the glass on your vehicle, use only a soft
cloth and glass cleaner.
5-99
Cleaning Built-In Child Restraint Pad
Weatherstrips
The built-in child restraint pad is attatched to the
seat frame with fastener strips. You can remove the pad
and hand wash it with mild soap and water.
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
Care of Safety Belts and Built-in
Child Restraint Harness
Keep the safety belts and the built-in child restraint
harness clean and dry.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts or the built-in
child restraint harness. If you do, they may be
severely weakened. In a crash, they might not
be able to provide adequate protection. Clean
the safety belts and the child restraint harness
only with mild soap and lukewarm water.
5-100
Cleaning the Outside of Your
Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle
well, removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-103.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the
surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft,
clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
Before you enter an automatic car wash, if your vehicle
is equipped with the optional power sliding door, be
sure to have the switch for the power sliding door
override feature enabled. See Power Sliding Door (PSD)
on page 2-16.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may
damage it. Use only non-abrasive waxes and
polishes that are made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish on your vehicle.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain
on painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as
possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that
are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove
foreign matter.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle”
previously.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the
paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials on page 5-103.
If your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a
period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish
looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Windshield, Backglass and
Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade or
windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads do
not form when you rinse it with water.
5-101
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because you could damage the surface. Do not
use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the paint
finish and/or tires. When applying a tire dressing,
always wipe off any overspray from all painted
surfaces on your vehicle.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide the
corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the
finish should be repaired right away. Bare metal
will corrode quickly and may develop into major repair
expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials avaliable from your dealer. Larger areas of
finish damage can be corrected in your dealer’s
body and paint shop.
5-102
Underbody Maintenance
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, corrosion and rust can develop on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
See your GM dealer for more information on purchasing
the following products.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped discolorations,
and small, irregular dark spots etched into the paint
surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will
repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
Description
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Tar and Road Oil
Remover
Chrome Cleaner and
Polish
White Sidewall Tire
Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
Chrome and Wire Wheel
Cleaner
Finish Enhancer
Usage
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Removes tar, road oil and
asphalt.
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Cleans vinyl tops,
upholstery and
convertible tops.
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
wipe off.
5-103
Description
Usage
Removes swirl marks, fine
Swirl Remover Polish
scratches and other light
surface contamination.
Removes light scratches
Cleaner Wax
and protects finish.
Cleans, shines and
Foaming Tire Shine Low
protects in one easy step,
Gloss
no wiping necessary.
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
Wash Wax Concentrate
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Quickly and easily
removes spots and stains
Spot Lifter
from carpets, vinyl and
cloth upholstery.
Odorless spray odor
Odor Eliminator
eliminator used on fabrics,
vinyl, leather and carpet.
See your General Motors parts department for these
products. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-11.
5-104
Vehicle Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on
the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
Electrical System
You will find this label on the inside of the glove
box door. It is very helpful if you ever need to
order parts.
Add-On Electrical Equipment
On this label, you will find the following:
•
•
•
•
VIN
Model designation
Paint information
A list of all production options and special
equipment
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer first.
Some electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from working as they
should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to add anything electrical to your vehicle, see
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-91.
Headlamp Wiring
The headlamp wiring is protected by an internal circuit
breaker in the instrument panel fuse panel. An electrical
overload will cause the lamps to go on and off, or in
some cases to remain off. If this happens, have
your headlamp wiring checked right away.
5-105
Windshield Wiper Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical
problem, be sure to get it fixed.
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers,
and fusible thermal links.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers in the instrument panel fuse panel
protect the power windows and other power accessories.
When the current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker
opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the
problem is fixed.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical
size and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and do not have
a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage or use one of the spare fuses in the
underhood fuse block. Just pick some feature of your
vehicle that you can get along without — like the radio or
cigarette lighter — and use its fuse, if it is the right
amperage. Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle, the instrument
panel fuse block and the underhood fuse block.
5-106
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The instrument panel fuse
block is located to the right
of the glove box on the
end of the instrument
panel.
Pull the door open to access the instrument panel fuse
block.
Fuse
SWC
BACKLIGHT
PCM/PASS
KEY/CLUSTER
PWR MIRROR
CRUISE
Blank
PCM/CRANK
PASS KEY
Usage
Steering Wheel Radio Control
Switches (Illumination)
Instrument Cluster to PRNDL
Indicators
Power Remote Control Mirror Switch
Cruise Control Module, Switch and
Release Switch
Not Used
Powertrain Control Module (PCM),
Ignition Crank
PASS-Key® III System
5-107
Fuse
PWR LOCK
HTD MIRROR
RH T/LP
RR FOG LP
CIGAR/DIC/
APO FRT
T/SIG
Usage
Power Door Locks
Heated Mirrors
Not Used
Not Used
Cigarette Lighter, DIC, Front
Auxiliary Power Outlets, Data Link
Turn Signal Switch
Interior Lamp and Multifunction
PWR QTR
Switch (Power Vent Switch), Auto
VENT
Level
FRT/WPR/
Windshield Wiper/Washer Motor and
WSHR
Switch
HAZARD
Hazard Switch
Electric Accessory Plug
RR PWR SCKT Rear
Housing
Daytime Running Lamp Control
DRL
Module
LH T/LP
Not Used
RR
Rear Window Defogger Relay,
DEFOG/HTD
Heated Mirrors
MIRROR
ON STAR
OnStar®
SIR
Inflatable Restraint Control Module
HVAC
Heater-A/C Control
BLOWER
5-108
Fuse
MALL
CLUSTER
STOP LAMP
CLUSTER
BATT
ENHANCED
EVAP/AWD
Blank
ELC/TRAILER
CTSY LAMP
IGN 1
RR HVAC
TEMP CONT
RR
WPR/WSHR
Usage
Instrument Cluster, Body Control
Module, Electronic Level Control
(ELC) Sensor and Relay, Theft,
Door Ajar
Stoplamp Switch
Module/Electronic Brake Control
Module/Electronic Brake Traction
Control Module (EBCM/EBTCM)
Evaporative Emissions (EVAP)
Canister Vent Solenoid Valve,
All-Wheel Drive (AWD)
Not Used
ELC Air Compressor and ELC
Height Sensor, Trailer Harness
Courtesy Lamp
BCM, Electronic Brake Control
Indicator Lamp Driver Module,
Instrument Panel Cluster, Rear Side
Door Actuator Control Module, Rear
Windows, Rear Parking Aid
Rear HVAC-A/C Control
Rear Window Wiper Motor, Rear
Window Wiper/Washer and
Multifunction Switch (Rear Window
Wiper/Washer Switch)
Fuse
LH HEADLP
LOW
LH HEADLP
HIGH
Blank
Blank
Blank
Usage
Circuit Breaker
Not Used
HEADLAMP
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
RAP RELAY
Relay
Blank
Not Used
Air Inlet Actuator, DIC Display, DRL
HVAC/DIC/DRL/ Control Module, Heater-A/C Control,
HEATED SEAT Temperature Door Actuator (Front)
and Rear Window Defogger Relay
BCM PRGRAM BCM Programming
RH HEAD LP
Not Used
LOW
RH HEAD LP
Not Used
HIGH
IGN MAIN Relay and PCM,
PCM/ABS
Electronic Brake Control Module
PWR SLD DR
PWR WDO
PWR/HEATED
SEAT PSD
FRT HVAC HI
BLWR
Usage
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Control Module, Headlamp and
Instrument Panel Dimmer Switch
Power Sliding Door
Front Power Windows
Six-Way Power Seats and Rear
Side Door Actuator Motor
Blower Motor Hi Speed Relay
Module
Underhood Fuse Block
This fuse block is located
in the engine compartment,
in front of the windshield
washer fluid reservoir. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for
more information on
location.
The fuses marked spare are available if a replacement
fuse is needed.
5-109
To remove the cover, turn the knob counterclockwise
and lift up.
When finished, to put the cover back on, turn the knob
clockwise to tighten it. Make sure that the remote
positive (+) terminal cover is on correctly.
Fuse
1
2
3
4
5
6
5-110
Usage
Coolant Fans
Not Used
Circuit Breakers: Front Comfort
Controls Hi Blower, and Headlamp
Fuses (Instrument Panel): Hazard
and Stoplamp, PASS-Key®
Circuit Breaker: Power Seat and
Power Sliding Door. Fuses
(Instrument Panel): Electronic Level
Control and Rear Defogger, Trailer,
Fog Lamps
Ignition Switch to Fuses (Instrument
Panel): ABS/TCS Ignition, Cruise,
DRL, Electronic PRNDL, Ignition 1,
AWD, PSD, Air Bag, Turn Signal
and Powertrain Control Module [IGN
MAIN Relay (Underhood Fuse
Block: A/C Clutch, Electronic
Ignition, Ignition 1-U/H, INJ, TCC)]
Coolant Fans
Fuse
7
8
18
19
20
21
Usage
Fuses (Instrument Panel): ABS
Module Battery, Cigarette Lighter,
Courtesy Lamps, Front Power
Socket, Power Locks, Power Mirrors
and Right Rear Power Socket,
OnStar, RAP
Ignition Switch to Fuses (I/P): Body
Control Module Program, Front
Comfort Controls Low/Medium
Blower, Front Wiper/Washer,
HVAC/DRL, MALL/Radio/DIC,
Power Quarter Vent, Rear HVAC,
Rear Wiper/Washer. SWC
Accessory and Power Window
Circuit Breaker, RAP
Fuel Injectors 1–6
Not Used
Not Used
Evaporative Emissions (EVAP)
Canister Purge Valve, Heated
Oxygen Sensors 1 and 2, Mass Air
Flow (MAF) Sensor
Fuse
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Usage
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Ignition Control Module (ICM)
Not Used
Transaxle Range Switch to Back-up
Lamps
A/C Clutch Relay to A/C
Compressor Clutch Oil
Driver Information Display, Heater
A/C Control, Radio, Rear (LH and
RH) Side Door Actuator Control
Motor, Remote Control Door Lock
Receiver (RCDLR), Security
Indicator Lamp and Theft-Deterrent
Shock Sensor
Generator
Automatic Transaxle (Torque
Converter Clutch Solenoids)
Stoplamp Switch to Powertrain
Control Module
5-111
Fuse
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
§
5-112
Usage
Fuel Pump Relay
Powertrain Control Module
Not Used
Fog Lamp Relay
Horn Relay
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Control Module, Headlamps and
Instrument Panel Dimmer Switch
Theft-Deterrent Relay to Headlamps
Not Used
AIR
Mini Fuse Puller
Air Conditioning Clutch Diode
Relay
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Usage
Right Fan 1, Left Fan 2
Left Fan 2
Fuses: A/C Clutch, Ignition 1-U/H,
Electronic Ignition, TCC, Injectors
Right Fan 1, Left Fan 2
A/C Clutch
Fuel Pump
Not Used
Horn
Left Fog Lamp, Right Fog Lamp,
Fog Lamp Indicator
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric measurements.
Please refer to Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12 for more information.
Capacities
Application
English
Metric
1.7 lbs.
2.2 lbs.
0.8 kg
1.0 kg
Automatic Transaxle
Pan Removal and Replacement
Complete Overhaul
7.4 quarts
10.0 quarts
7.0 L
9.5 L
AWD Automatic Transaxle
Pan Removal and Replacement
Complete Overhaul
8.7 quarts
10.8 quarts
8.3 L
10.3 L
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Systems
Front A/C
Front and Rear A/C
5-113
Capacities
Application
Cooling System
With A/C
With Rear Climate Control
Engine Oil with Filter
Fuel Capacity
Regular
Extended
Wheel Nut Torque
English
Metric
9.6 quarts
11.9 quarts
4.0 quarts
9.1 L
11.3 L
3.8 L
19.5 gallons
25.1 gallons
100 ft lb
74.0 L
95.0 L
140 Y
Engine Specifications
Engine
V6
5-114
VIN Code
E
Transaxle
Automatic
Spark Plug Gap
0.060 inches (1.52 mm)
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ......................................6-2
Introduction ...................................................6-2
Maintenance Requirements ..............................6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................6-2
Using Your Maintenance Schedule ....................6-2
Scheduled Maintenance ...................................6-4
Additional Required Services ............................6-6
Maintenance Footnotes ...................................6-7
Owner Checks and Services ............................6-9
At Each Fuel Fill ............................................6-9
At Least Once a Month ...................................6-9
At Least Once a Year ...................................6-10
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ...............6-12
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........6-14
Engine Drive Belt Routing ..............................6-15
Maintenance Record .....................................6-16
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level and
change as recommended.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance is
important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level of
emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good condition,
be sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Requirements
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we do not know
exactly how you will drive it. You may drive very
short distances only a few times a week. Or you may
drive long distances all the time in very hot, dusty
weather. You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in many
other ways.
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections,
replacement parts and recommended fluids and
lubricants as prescribed in this manual are necessary
to keep your vehicle in good working condition. Any
damage caused by failure to follow scheduled
maintenance may not be covered by warranty.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read
the following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer.
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
6-2
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on the tire and
loading information label. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-35.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline Octane
on page 5-4.
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
should be performed when indicated. See Additional
Required Services on page 6-6 and Maintenance
Footnotes on page 6-7 for further information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you
can be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you have the
required know-how and the proper tools and
equipment for the job. If you have any doubt,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer to have a
qualified technician do the work.
Some maintenance services can be complex.
So, unless you are technically qualified and have
the necessary equipment, you should have your
GM Goodwrench dealer do these jobs.
When you go to your GM Goodwrench dealer for your
service needs, you will know that GM-trained and
supported service technicians will perform the work
using genuine GM parts.
If you want to get service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-13.
Owner Checks and Services on page 6-9 tells you what
should be checked, when to check it and what you
can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good
condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids and lubricants to
use are listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-12 and Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts on page 6-14. When your vehicle is serviced,
make sure these are used. All parts should be replaced
and all necessary repairs done before you or anyone
else drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
6-3
Scheduled Maintenance
When the change engine oil message comes on, it
means that service is required for your vehicle. Have
your vehicle serviced as soon as possible within the next
600 miles (1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are
driving under the best conditions, the engine oil
life system may not indicate that vehicle service is
necessary for over a year. However, your engine oil
and filter must be changed at least once a year and at
this time the system must be reset. Your
GM Goodwrench dealer has GM-trained service
technicians who will perform this work using genuine
GM parts and reset the system.
If the engine oil life system is ever reset accidentally,
you must service your vehicle within 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) since your last service. Remember to reset
the oil life system whenever the oil is changed. See
Engine Oil on page 5-13 for information on the Engine
Oil Life System and resetting the system.
6-4
When the change engine oil message appears, certain
services, checks and inspections are required.
Required services are described in the following for
“Maintenance I” and “Maintenance II.” Generally,
it is recommended that your first service be
Maintenance I, your second service be Maintenance II
and that you alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II
thereafter. However, in some cases, Maintenance II
may be required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the change
engine oil message comes on within ten months since
vehicle was purchased or Maintenance II was
performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the previous
service performed was Maintenance I. Always use
Maintenance II whenever the message comes on ten
months or more since the last service or if the message
has not come on at all for one year.
Scheduled Maintenance
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. Reset oil life system. See Engine Oil on
page 5-13. An Emission Control Service.
•
•
Lubricate chassis components. See footnote #.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (k).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-18. An Emission Control Service. See footnote †.
•
•
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tires on page 5-58.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid as
needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services” in
this section.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Check transaxle fluid level and add fluid as needed.
•
Replace passenger compartment air filter. See footnote (g).
•
Inspect throttle system. See footnote (j).
•
6-5
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated miles
(kilometers) shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage or
leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Replace engine air cleaner filter.
See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on
page 5-18. An Emission Control
Service.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Change automatic transaxle fluid
and filter (severe service). See
footnote (h).
Change automatic transaxle fluid
and filter (normal service).
6-6
•
•
•
•
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
Replace spark plugs and inspect
spark plug wires. An Emission
Control Service.
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
•
Engine cooling system service
(or every 5 years, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
•
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
•
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
# Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transaxle
shift linkage and the underbody contact points and
linkage.
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect
disc brake pads for wear and rotors for surface
condition. Inspect drum brake linings for wear or cracks.
Inspect other brake parts, including drums, wheel
cylindeers, calipers, parking brake, etc. Check parking
brake adjustment.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose or missing parts,
signs of wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect power
steering lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding,
leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
6-7
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced if they
are cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace with genuine GM parts as
needed. To help ensure proper operation, a pressure test
of the cooling system and pressure cap and cleaning the
outside of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking.
Replace blade inserts that appear worn or damaged
or that streak or miss areas of the windshield.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages
are working properly. If your vehicle has a built-in
child restraint, make sure the harness straps, latch
plates, buckle, clip, child head restraint and anchorages
are working properly. Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt system from doing its
job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts
replaced. Also look for any opened or broken air bag
coverings, and have them repaired or replaced.
(The air bag system does not need regular
maintenance.)
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders, hood latch
assemblies, secondary latches, pivots, spring anchor
and release pawl, hood and door hinges, rear folding
seats, liftgate hinges, fuel door hinge, power sliding door
cable and sliding door track(s). More frequent lubrication
may be required when exposed to a corrosive
6-8
environment. Applying silicone grease on weatherstrips
with a clean cloth will make them last longer, seal
better and not stick or squeak.
(g) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
(h) Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these
conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
(i) Drain, flush and refill cooling system. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-22 for what to use. Inspect hoses.
Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and filler neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap.
(j) Check system for interference or binding and
for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as needed.
Replace any components that have high effort or
excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator or cruise
control cables.
(k) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate a
problem. Have the system inspected and repaired
and the fluid level checked. Add fluid if needed.
Owner Checks and Services
Engine Coolant Level Check
These owner checks and services should be performed
at the intervals specified to help ensure the safety,
dependability and emission control performance of your
vehicle. Your GM Goodwrench dealer can assist you
with these checks and services.
Check the engine coolant level and add
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture if necessary.
See Engine Coolant on page 5-22 for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important to perform these underhood checks at
each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-13 for further
details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Visually inspect your tires and make sure tires are
inflated to the correct pressures. Do not forget to check
your spare tire. See Tires on page 5-58 for further
details. Check to make sure the spare tire is stored
securely. Push, pull and then try to rotate or turn
the spare tire. If it moves, tighten it. See Changing a
Flat Tire on page 5-78.
Notice: It is important to check your oil regularly
and keep it at the proper level. Failure to keep your
engine oil at the proper level can cause damage
to your engine not covered by your warranty.
6-9
At Least Once a Year
Starter Switch Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-39 if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-39 if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately
if the vehicle begins to move.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, contact
your GM Goodwrench dealer for service.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but do not start the engine. Without
applying the regular brake, try to move the shift
lever out of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the
shift lever moves out of PARK (P), contact your
GM Goodwrench dealer for service.
6-10
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
• The key should turn to LOCK only when the
shift lever is in PARK (P).
• The key should come out only in LOCK.
Contact your GM Goodwrench dealer if service is
required.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle
Park (P) Mechanism Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in
case it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle begin
to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular
brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the
parking brake only.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P). Then
release the parking brake followed by the regular
brake.
Contact your GM Goodwrench dealer if service is
required.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
6-11
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part
number or specification may be obtained from your
dealer.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine oil which meets GM Standard
GM6094M and displays the
American Petroleum Institute
Certified for Gasoline Engines
Engine Oil
starburst symbol. GM Goodwrench
oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle. To determine the proper
viscosity for your vehicle’s engine,
see Engine Oil on page 5-13.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
and use only
Engine Coolant water
DEX-COOL® Coolant. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-22.
6-12
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Windshield
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Washer Solvent
Power Steering Fluid
Power Steering GM
(GM Part No. U.S. 89021184, in
System
Canada 89021186).
Automatic
Transaxle
Key Lock
Cylinders
Chassis
Lubrication
DEXRON®-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Canada 10953474.
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985, in
Canada 88901242) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Usage
Carrier
Assembly —
Differential
(Rear Drive
Module) and
Transfer
Case (Power
Transfer Unit)
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch, Pivots,
Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Fluid/Lubricant
VERSATRAK™ Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 12378514, in
Canada 88901045).
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293, in
Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Hood and Door
Hinges, Rear
Folding Seat, Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
Fuel Door
Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Hinge, Liftgate (GM
Hinges, Power Canada 10953474).
Sliding Door
Cable
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293, in
Sliding Door
Canada 992723) or lubricant
Track
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Silicone Grease
Weatherstrip Dielectric
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579, in
Conditioning
Canada 992887).
6-13
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your dealer.
Part
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Engine Oil Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter Kit
Spark Plugs
GM® Part Number
25099149
25010792
52482929
12568387
ACDelco® Part Number
A1208C
PF47
—
41-101
Windshield Wiper Blades
Length
Type
24.0 inches (60.0 cm)
Shepherd’s Hook
Wiper Blade (Backglass)
Length
Type
16.0 inches (40.6 cm)
Shepherd’s Hook
6-14
Engine Drive Belt Routing
6-15
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service and the
type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 6-2 in this section.
Any additional information from Owner Checks and Services on page 6-9 can be added on the following record pages.
Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
6-16
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
6-17
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-18
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance and Information
Customer Assistance and Information ...............7-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ......................7-2
Online Owner Center ......................................7-4
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users ...............................................7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ............................7-5
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ..................................................7-6
Roadside Assistance Program ..........................7-6
Courtesy Transportation ...................................7-8
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Recorders ................................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects ................................7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ..............................................7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government ..............................................7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .....7-12
Service Publications Ordering Information .........7-13
7-1
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your dealer and to Chevrolet. Normally, any concerns
with the sales transaction or the operation of your
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or
the general manager.
7-2
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order to
give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from
the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at the
top left of the instrument panel and visible through
the windshield.)
• Dealership name and location
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
STEP THREE: Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you continue
to remain unsatisfied after following the procedure
outlined in Steps One and Two, you should file with the
BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any additional
rights you may have. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet for
information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration
Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business
Bureaus to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle
repairs or the interpretation of the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. Although you may be required to
resort to this informal dispute resolution program prior to
filing a court action, use of the program is free of
charge and your case will generally be heard within
40 days. If you do not agree with the decision given in
your case, you may reject it and proceed with any other
venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using the
toll-free telephone number or write them at the
following address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
7-3
Online Owner Center
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM ownership
needs. You can find your specific vehicle information
all in one place.
The Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific vehicle,
including tips and videos and an electronic
version of this owner’s manual. (United States only)
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history and
maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges only
available to members. (United States only)
7-4
Refer to the web for updated information.
To register your vehicle, visit www.MyGMLink.com.
(United States) or My GM Canada within
www.gmcanada.com (Canada).
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Chevrolet has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV (2438).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Chevrolet encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes
to write to Chevrolet, the letter should be addressed to
Chevrolet’s Customer Assistance Center.
United States – Customer Assistance
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
1-800-222-1020
1-800-833-2438 (For Text Telephone devices
(TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USA® (243-8872)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada – Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
Overseas – Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries
(Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) – Customer Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
7-5
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward eligible aftermarket
driver or passenger
adaptive equipment you
may require for your vehicle
(hand controls, wheelchair/
scooter lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The offer is available for a
limited period of time from the date of vehicle purchase/
lease. For more details, or to determine your vehicle’s
eligibility, see your GM dealer or call the GM Mobility
Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935. Text telephone
(TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program. Call
1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. All TTY
users call 1-800-263-3830.
7-6
Roadside Assistance Program
Security While You Travel
1-800-CHEV-USA (243-8872)
As the proud owner of a new Chevrolet vehicle, you are
automatically enrolled in the Chevrolet Roadside
Assistance program. This value-added service is
intended to provide you with peace of mind as you drive
in the city or travel the open road. Chevrolet’s Roadside
Assistance toll-free number is staffed by courteous
and capable Roadside Assistance Representatives who
are available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
We will provide the following services during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty period, at no expense
to you:
• Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel
($5 maximum) for the customer to get to the
nearest service station.
• Lock-out Service (identification required):
Replacement keys or locksmith service will
be covered at no charge if you are unable to gain
entry into your vehicle. Delivery of the replacement
key will be covered within 10 miles.
• Emergency Tow: Tow to the nearest dealership for
warranty service or in the event of a
vehicle-disabling accident. Assistance when the
vehicle is mired in sand, mud or snow.
• Flat Tire Change: Installation of a spare tire will be
covered at no charge. (The customer is responsible
for the repair or replacement of the tire if not
covered by a warrantable failure.)
• Jump Start: No-start occurrences which require a
battery jump start will be covered at no charge.
• Dealer Locator Service
• Location of the vehicle
• Model, year, color, and license plate number
• Mileage, Vehicle Identification Number and delivery
date of the vehicle
• Description of the problem
While we hope you never have the occasion to use our
service, it is added security while traveling for you
and your family. Remember, we are only a phone call
away. Chevrolet Roadside Assistance:
1-800-CHEV-USA (1-800-234-8872), text telephone
(TTY) users, call 1-888-889-2438.
In many instances, mechanical failures are covered
under Chevrolet’s Bumper-to-Bumper warranty.
However, when other services are utilized, our Roadside
Assistance Representatives will explain any payment
obligations you might incur.
Chevrolet reserves the right to limit services or
reimbursement to an owner or driver when, in
Chevrolet’s judgement, the claims become excessive in
frequency or type of occurrence.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling, please
provide the following to the Roadside Assistance
Representative:
Roadside Assistance is not part of or included in the
coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Chevrolet reserves the right to make any changes or
discontinue the Roadside Assistance program at
any time without notification.
• Your name, home address, and home telephone
number
• Telephone number of your location
7-7
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Plan Ahead When Possible
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
roadside assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information book.
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising
your service consultant of your transportation needs,
your dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
Courtesy Transportation
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem is
safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership, let
them know this, and ask for instructions.
Chevrolet has always exemplified quality and value in
its offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your
ownership experience, we and our participating dealers
are proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to retail
purchase/lease customers in conjunction with the
Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation options
are available when warranty repairs are required. This will
reduce your inconvenience during warranty repairs.
7-8
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in
the work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Chevrolet
helps minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes a one
way or round trip shuttle service to a destination up
to 10 miles (16 km) from the dealership.
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle you
obtained if your vehicle is kept for a warranty repair.
Reimbursement will be limited to a maximum of $30.00 a
day and must be supported by receipts. This requires that
you sign and complete a rental agreement and meet
state, local and rental vehicle provider requirements.
Requirements vary and may include minimum age
requirements, insurance coverage, credit card, etc. You
are responsible for fuel usage charges and may also be
responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive
mileage or rental usage beyond the completion of the
repair.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement (five day maximum) may be available for
the use of public transportation such as taxi or bus. In
addition, should you arrange transportation through
a friend or relative, reimbursement for reasonable fuel
expenses (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
7-9
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period, but it is
not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. A
separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each new vehicle
provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at participating
dealers and all program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at every dealer. Please
contact you dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during
the Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at
any time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at its sole discretion.
7-10
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles, has a
number of sophisticated computer systems that monitor
and control several aspects of the vehicle’s
performance. Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle
computers to monitor emission control components to
optimize fuel economy, to monitor conditions for air bag
deployment and, if so equipped, to provide anti-lock
braking and to help the driver control the vehicle
in difficult driving situations. Some information may be
stored during regular operations to facilitate repair
of detected malfunctions; other information is stored only
in a crash or near crash event by computer systems
commonly called event data recorders (EDR).
In addition, once GM collects or receives data, GM may
In a crash or near crash event, computer systems, such
as the Air Bag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) in
your vehicle may record information about the condition
of the vehicle and how it was operated, such as engine
speed, brake applications, throttle position, vehicle
speed, safety belt usage, air bag readiness, air bag
performance data, and the severity of a collision. This
information has been used to improve vehicle crash
performance and may be used to improve crash
performance of future vehicles and driving safety. Unlike
the data recorders on many airplanes, these on-board
systems do not record sounds, such as conversation of
vehicle occupants.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have access to
the special equipment that can read the information
if they have access to the vehicle or SDM.
To read this information, special equipment is needed
and access to the vehicle or the SDM is required. GM will
not access information about a crash event or share it
with others other than
If your vehicle is equipped with OnStar®, please check
the OnStar® subscription service agreement or
manual for information on its operations and data
collection.
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where appropriate
confidentiality is to be maintained and need is
shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a specific
vehicle with non-GM organizations for research
purposes.
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the vehicle
is leased, with the consent of the lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or similar
government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through the
discovery process, or
• as required by law.
7-11
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in
a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-222-1020, or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Publications Ordering
Information
Service Manuals
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments, and specifications for GM
transmissions, transaxles, and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to
assist in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service
Bulletins can be obtained by contacting your General
Motors dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483).
Owner’s Information
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include
the Maintenance Schedule for all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual, and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
7-13
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. on the
World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
7-14
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P. O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are to make
checks payable in U.S. funds.
A
Accessory Inflator ........................................... 5-76
Accessory Power Outlets ................................. 3-25
Adding Washer Fluid ....................................... 5-38
Additional Program Information ......................... 7-10
Additives, Fuel ................................................. 5-6
Add-On Electrical Equipment ........................... 5-105
Adjusting the Bucket Seats ............................... 1-14
Adjusting the Captain’s Chairs (Second Row) ...... 1-20
Adjusting the Speakers
(Balance/Fade) .................... 3-64, 3-68, 3-80, 3-96
Adjusting the Split Bench Seats (Second Row) ..... 1-8
Air Bag
Readiness Light .......................................... 3-41
Air Bag Systems ............................................. 1-92
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .................... 1-99
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle ....... 1-102
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .................... 1-99
What Will You See After an Air Bag Inflates? ..... 1-100
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ................... 1-98
Where Are the Air Bags? .............................. 1-95
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ................................. 5-18
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) .... 7-10
All-Wheel Drive ...................................... 5-48, 5-96
All-Wheel Drive Disable Warning Message .......... 3-57
All-Wheel-Drive (AWD) System ......................... 4-11
AM ............................................................. 3-121
AM-FM Radio ................................................. 3-62
Antenna, Fixed Mast ...................................... 3-122
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ... 3-122
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) ............................ 4-7
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light .............. 3-43
Appearance Care ............................................ 5-97
Care of Safety Belts and Built-in Child
Restraint Harness ................................... 5-100
Chemical Paint Spotting .............................. 5-103
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ................ 5-97
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle ............ 5-100
Finish Damage .......................................... 5-102
Sheet Metal Damage .................................. 5-102
Underbody Maintenance ............................. 5-103
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ............... 5-103
Weatherstrips ............................................ 5-100
Arming and Disarming the Content
Theft-Deterrent System ................................. 2-69
Arming Confirmation ........................................ 2-28
Arming with the Power Lock Switch ................... 2-27
Arming with the Remote Keyless Entry
Transmitter ................................................. 2-28
Arming with Your Key ...................................... 2-28
Audio Speakers ............................................ 3-110
Audio System(s) ............................................. 3-61
AM-FM Radio ............................................. 3-62
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................... 3-120
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ................ 3-122
1
Audio System(s) (cont.)
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ....................... 3-121
Fixed Mast Antenna ................................... 3-122
Radio with CD .................................... 3-65, 3-76
Radio with Six-Disc CD ................................ 3-93
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ..................... 3-116, 3-118
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ................................ 3-61
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ................................ 3-61
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................... 3-119
Understanding Radio Reception ................... 3-121
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ........... 3-122
Automatic Door Locks ..................................... 2-64
Automatic Transaxle
Fluid .......................................................... 5-20
Operation ................................................... 2-36
B
Backing Up .................................................... 4-46
Battery .......................................................... 5-42
Battery Replacement ......................................... 2-8
Battery Run-Down Protection ............................ 3-21
2
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ......................... 4-25
Before You Drive ........................................... 3-108
Bench Seat, Split ............................................. 1-8
Brake
Parking ...................................................... 2-39
System Warning Light .................................. 3-42
Brake Fluid .................................................... 5-39
Brake Wear ................................................... 5-41
Brakes .......................................................... 5-39
Braking ........................................................... 4-6
Braking in Emergencies ..................................... 4-9
Break-In, New Vehicle ..................................... 2-31
Bucket Seats, Rear ......................................... 1-14
Built-in Child Restraint ..................................... 1-81
Bulb Replacement ........................................... 5-50
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and Parking
Lamps .................................................... 5-52
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-50
Headlamps ................................................. 5-50
Replacement Bulbs ...................................... 5-56
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps ........................................ 5-54
Buying New Tires ........................................... 5-71
C
California Fuel .................................................. 5-5
Canada – Customer Assistance .......................... 7-5
Canadian Owners ................................................ ii
Canadian Roadside Assistance ........................... 7-8
Canceling the Sliding Door Security Lock ........... 2-16
Capacities and Specifications .......................... 5-113
Captain Chairs, Rear ....................................... 1-20
Carbon Monoxide ................... 2-22, 2-43, 4-28, 4-41
Care of
Safety Belts and Built-in Child
Restraint Harness ................................... 5-100
Your CD and DVD Player ........................... 3-122
Your CDs and DVDs .................................. 3-121
Cargo Lamp ................................................... 3-20
Carrier Assembly-Differential
(Rear Drive Module) .................................... 5-49
CD Messages ............................... 3-76, 3-92, 3-108
Center Passenger Position, Safety Belts ..... 1-43, 1-44
Chains, Tires .................................................. 5-75
Change Engine Oil Message ............................ 3-54
Charging System Indicator Message .................. 3-52
Check
Engine Light ............................................... 3-45
Checking Coolant ............................................ 5-24
Checking Engine Oil ........................................ 5-13
Checking Things Under the Hood ...................... 5-10
Chemical Paint Spotting ................................. 5-103
Child Restraints
Built-In Child Restraint .................................. 1-81
Child Restraint Systems ............................... 1-60
Infants and Young Children ........................... 1-56
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for Children
(LATCH System) ....................................... 1-67
Older Children ............................................. 1-53
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System ........................................ 1-69
Securing a Child Restraint in a Center
Seat Position ................................... 1-73, 1-75
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position ............................... 1-69
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
Seat Position ........................................... 1-78
Top Strap ................................................... 1-64
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................ 1-65
Where to Put the Restraint ........................... 1-63
Cleaning
Inside of Your Vehicle .................................. 5-97
Outside of Your Vehicle .............................. 5-100
Underbody Maintenance ............................. 5-103
Weatherstrips ............................................ 5-100
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels ............................ 5-102
Cleaning Built-In Child Restraint Pad ................ 5-100
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ...................... 5-101
3
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet .................................... 5-97
Cleaning Glass Surfaces .................................. 5-99
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components ................. 5-99
Cleaning Leather ............................................ 5-99
Cleaning the DVD Player ............................... 3-115
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel ........... 5-99
Cleaning the Video Screen ............................. 3-115
Cleaning Tires .............................................. 5-102
Cleaning Vinyl ................................................ 5-99
Cleaning Windshield, Backglass and Wiper
Blades ..................................................... 5-101
Climate Control System ................................... 3-26
Air Filter, Passenger Compartment ................. 3-34
Outlet Adjustment ........................................ 3-29
Rear .................................................. 3-29, 3-32
Compact Overhead Console ............................. 2-53
Compact Spare Tire ........................................ 5-96
Compass Variance .......................................... 3-59
Content Theft-Deferrent .................................... 2-27
Content Theft-Deterrent System ........................ 2-68
Content Theft-Deterrent System, Arming and
Disarming ................................................... 2-69
Control of a Vehicle .......................................... 4-6
Convenience Center ........................................ 2-59
Convenience Net ............................................ 2-58
4
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ............................ 3-44
Engine Temperature Warning Message ........... 3-52
Heater, Engine ............................................ 2-34
Cooling System .............................................. 5-28
Cruise Control ................................................ 3-12
Cupholder(s) .................................................. 2-53
Current and Past Model Order Forms ................ 7-14
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation .................................. 7-8
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone (TTY)
Users ....................................................... 7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ........................... 7-5
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..................... 7-2
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ................................................ 7-6
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .... 7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government ............................................ 7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ............................................ 7-12
Roadside Assistance Program ......................... 7-6
Service Publications Ordering Information ........ 7-13
D
Daytime Running Lamps/Automatic Headlamp
System ...................................................... 3-17
Defensive Driving ............................................. 4-2
Defogging and Defrosting ................................. 3-28
Delayed Illumination and Exit Lighting ................ 2-63
Delayed Lighting ............................................. 3-19
Dinghy Towing ................................................ 4-34
Disarming with the Remote Keyless Entry
Transmitter ................................................. 2-28
Disarming with Your Key .................................. 2-28
Doing Your Own Service Work ........................... 5-3
Dolly Towing .................................................. 4-35
Dome Lamp ................................................... 3-18
Door
Ajar Warning Message ................................. 3-55
Dual Sliding Doors ....................................... 2-13
Last Door Closed Locking ............................. 2-11
Locks .......................................................... 2-9
Power Door Locks ....................................... 2-10
Power Sliding Door ...................................... 2-16
Power Sliding Warning Message .................... 3-54
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-12
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ..................................... 1-32
Driver Information Center (DIC) ......................... 3-58
Driving
At Night ..................................................... 4-17
City ........................................................... 4-22
Defensive ..................................................... 4-2
Drunken ....................................................... 4-2
Freeway ..................................................... 4-23
Hill and Mountain Roads .............................. 4-26
In Rain and on Wet Roads ........................... 4-19
Winter ........................................................ 4-28
Driving on Grades ........................................... 4-47
Driving on Snow or Ice .................................... 4-29
Driving Through Deep Standing Water ............... 4-21
Driving Through Flowing Water ......................... 4-21
Driving with a Trailer ....................................... 4-45
Dual Trip Odometers ....................................... 3-39
DVD
Entertainment System ................................. 3-108
DVD Distortion .............................................. 3-115
DVD Player .................................................. 3-112
5
E
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ..................................... 5-105
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................... 5-106
Headlamp Wiring ....................................... 5-105
Power Windows and Other Power Options .... 5-106
Windshield Wiper Fuses ............................. 5-106
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs ................................................... 3-48
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ......................................... 5-18
Battery ....................................................... 5-42
Change Oil Message ................................... 3-54
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ............ 3-45
Coolant ...................................................... 5-22
Coolant Heater ............................................ 2-34
Coolant Temperature Gage ........................... 3-44
Coolant Temperature Warning Message .......... 3-52
Drive Belt Routing ....................................... 6-15
Engine Compartment Overview ...................... 5-12
Exhaust ..................................................... 2-43
Oil ............................................................. 5-13
Overheating ................................................ 5-25
Starting ...................................................... 2-33
6
Engine Oil Additives ........................................ 5-16
Engine Specifications ..................................... 5-114
Entering Programming Mode ............................ 2-62
Entertainment System .................................... 3-108
Entry Lighting ................................................. 3-18
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons .............................. 2-51
Event Data Recorders (EDR) ............................ 7-10
Exit Lighting ................................................... 3-19
Exiting Programming Mode ............................... 2-71
Express-Down Window .................................... 2-25
Extender, Safety Belt ....................................... 1-52
Exterior Lamps ............................................... 3-16
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................... 5-18
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(RDS and XM™) ......................... 3-69, 3-81, 3-97
Finding a Station .................... 3-62, 3-67, 3-79, 3-95
Finish Care .................................................. 5-101
Finish Damage ............................................. 5-102
Fixed Mast Antenna ....................................... 3-122
Flash-to-Pass ................................................... 3-9
Flat Tire ........................................................ 5-78
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................... 5-78
Flip and Fold Rear Seats .................................. 1-7
Fluid
Automatic Transaxle ..................................... 5-20
Power Steering ........................................... 5-36
Windshield Washer ...................................... 5-38
FM Stereo .................................................... 3-121
Folding or Reclining the Seatbacks ..... 1-9, 1-15, 1-20
Folding the Seatback ....................................... 1-24
Following Distance .......................................... 4-46
Front Reading Lamps ...................................... 3-20
Front Seat Storage Net .................................... 2-56
Fuel ............................................................... 5-4
Additives ...................................................... 5-6
California Fuel .............................................. 5-5
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .................... 5-10
Filling Your Tank ........................................... 5-7
Fuels in Foreign Countries .............................. 5-6
Gage ......................................................... 3-49
Gasoline Octane ........................................... 5-4
Gasoline Specifications .................................. 5-5
Low Warning Message ................................. 3-57
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................... 5-106
Windshield Wiper ....................................... 5-106
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ......................... 3-44
Fuel .......................................................... 3-49
Speedometer .............................................. 3-39
Tachometer ................................................. 3-40
Garage Door Opener ....................................... 2-48
Garage Door Opener Compartment ................... 2-55
Gasoline
Octane ........................................................ 5-4
Specifications ............................................... 5-5
Gate Operator and Canadian Programming ........ 2-51
Glove Box ..................................................... 2-52
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities .................................................... 7-6
H
Hatch Ajar Warning Message ............................ 3-56
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................... 3-6
Head Restraints ............................................... 1-6
Headlamp Wiring ........................................... 5-105
7
Headlamps .................................................... 5-50
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 5-50
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and Parking
Lamps .................................................... 5-52
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-50
Headphones ................................................. 3-109
Highway Hypnosis ........................................... 4-26
Hill and Mountain Roads .................................. 4-26
Hitches .......................................................... 4-44
HomeLink® Transmitter .................................... 2-48
HomeLink® Transmitter, Programming ................ 2-49
Hood
Checking Things Under ................................ 5-10
Release ..................................................... 5-11
Horn ............................................................... 3-7
How the System Works ................................... 3-24
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Recovery
Tank .......................................................... 5-30
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator .................. 5-32
How to Add Fluid Automatic Transaxle Fluid ....... 5-22
How to Check ................................................ 5-69
How to Check Automatic Transaxle Fluid ............ 5-20
How to Check Power Steering Fluid .................. 5-37
How to Inspect the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ....... 5-18
How to Use This Manual ...................................... ii
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................... 1-32
Hydroplaning .................................................. 4-21
8
I
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine .......... 5-27
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine ............... 5-26
If the Light Is Flashing ..................................... 3-47
If the Light Is On Steady ................................. 3-47
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard ......................... 4-30
If You Are Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ....... 4-32
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer ..................... 4-42
Ignition Positions ............................................. 2-32
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ............... 1-56
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................... 5-68
Instrument Panel
Cluster ....................................................... 3-37
Overview ..................................................... 3-4
Switchbank ................................................. 3-21
Instrument Panel Brightness ............................. 3-18
Instrument Panel Fuse Block .......................... 5-107
Interior Lamps ................................................ 3-18
Interior Lamps Control ..................................... 3-18
Interior Lamps Override ................................... 3-18
J
Jump Starting ................................................. 5-43
K
Keyless Entry System ....................................... 2-4
Keys ............................................................... 2-3
L
Lamps
Exterior ......................................................
Interior .......................................................
Lamps on Reminder ........................................
Lap Belt ................................................ 1-43,
Lap-Shoulder Belt ................................... 1-32,
Last Door Closed Locking ................................
Last Door Locking ...........................................
LATCH System
Child Restraints ...........................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System ........................................
Latches, Side Window .....................................
Leaving Your Vehicle .......................................
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running ...
Level Control ..................................................
Liftgate ..........................................................
3-16
3-18
3-17
1-45
1-46
2-11
2-65
1-67
1-69
2-25
2-13
2-41
4-40
2-22
Light
Air Bag Readiness ....................................... 3-41
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ................... 3-43
Brake System Warning ................................. 3-42
Malfunction Indicator .................................... 3-45
Safety Belt Reminder ................................... 3-41
TCS Warning Light ...................................... 3-43
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning .......... 3-43
Lighted Vanity Mirror ....................................... 2-26
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-35
Lockout Deterrent ........................................... 2-65
Lockout Protection .......................................... 2-13
Locks
Automatic Door ........................................... 2-64
Door ........................................................... 2-9
Last Door Closed Locking ............................. 2-11
Leaving Your Vehicle .................................... 2-13
Lockout Protection ....................................... 2-13
Power Door ................................................ 2-10
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-12
Loss of Control ............................................... 4-16
Low Fuel Warning Message ............................. 3-57
Low Oil Pressure Message ............................... 3-53
Luggage Carrier .............................................. 2-56
9
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ........................... 6-6
At Each Fuel Fill ........................................... 6-9
At Least Once a Month .................................. 6-9
At Least Once a Year .................................. 6-10
Introduction .................................................. 6-2
Maintenance Footnotes .................................. 6-7
Maintenance Record .................................... 6-16
Maintenance Requirements ............................. 6-2
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ......... 6-14
Owner Checks and Services ........................... 6-9
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ............. 6-12
Scheduled Maintenance ................................. 6-4
Using Your ................................................... 6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................... 6-2
Maintenance When Trailer Towing ..................... 4-48
Making Turns ................................................. 4-46
Malfunction Indicator Light ................................ 3-45
Manual Seats ................................................... 1-3
Manual Windows ............................................ 2-24
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle ............... 2-7
10
Message
All-Wheel Drive Disable Warning .................... 3-57
Center ....................................................... 3-50
Change Engine Oil ...................................... 3-54
Charging System Indicator ............................ 3-52
Door Ajar Warning ....................................... 3-55
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning ............. 3-52
Low Fuel Warning ....................................... 3-57
Low Oil Pressure ......................................... 3-53
PASS-Key® III Security ................................. 3-56
Power Sliding Door Warning ......................... 3-54
Rear Hatch Ajar Warning .............................. 3-56
Service Traction System Warning ................... 3-50
Traction Active ............................................ 3-51
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean Islands/
Countries (Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) – Customer Assistance ....................... 7-5
Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror ................................ 2-45
Outside Convex Mirror ................................. 2-46
Outside Heated Mirrors ................................ 2-46
Outside Power Mirrors .................................. 2-45
MyGMLink.com ................................................ 7-4
N
O
Overhead Console .......................................... 2-54
Overhead Console Switchbank .......................... 3-22
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode ... 5-26
Overseas – Customer Assistance ........................ 7-5
Owner Checks and Services .............................. 6-9
Owners, Canadian ............................................... ii
Owner’s Information ........................................ 7-13
Odometer ...................................................... 3-39
Off-Road Recovery .......................................... 4-14
Oil
Engine ....................................................... 5-13
Pressure Message ....................................... 3-53
Older Children, Restraints ................................ 1-53
Online Owner Center ........................................ 7-4
OnStar® Personal Calling ................................. 2-48
OnStar® Services ............................................ 2-47
OnStar® System ............................................. 2-47
OnStar® Virtual Advisor .................................... 2-48
Operation ...................................................... 3-26
Operation Tips ................................................ 3-29
Other Warning Devices ...................................... 3-7
Outlet Adjustment ............................................ 3-29
Outside
Convex Mirror ............................................. 2-46
Heated Mirrors ............................................ 2-46
Power Mirrors ............................................. 2-45
Park Aid ........................................................ 3-22
Park (P)
Shifting Into ................................................ 2-40
Shifting Out of ............................................ 2-42
Parking
Assist ........................................................ 3-22
Brake ........................................................ 2-39
Over Things That Burn ................................. 2-43
Parking on Hills .............................................. 4-47
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ..................... 3-34
Passing ................................................. 4-14, 4-46
PASS-Key® III ................................................ 2-29
PASS-Key® III Operation .................................. 2-29
PASS-Key® III Security Message ....................... 3-56
Plan Ahead When Possible ................................ 7-8
Playing a CD ............................... 3-74, 3-86, 3-103
New Vehicle Break-In ...................................... 2-31
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ............ 6-14
P
11
Playing a Specific Loaded CD ......................... 3-104
Playing the Radio ................... 3-62, 3-66, 3-78, 3-94
Power
Accessory Outlets ........................................ 3-25
Door Locks ................................................. 2-10
Electrical System ....................................... 5-106
Rear Quarter Windows ................................. 2-26
Six-Way Seats .............................................. 1-4
Sliding Door ................................................ 2-16
Sliding Door Warning Message ...................... 3-54
Steering Fluid ............................................. 5-36
Windows .................................................... 2-25
Power Steering ............................................... 4-12
Pretensioners, Safety Belt ................................ 1-52
Primary Radio Controls .................................. 3-116
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ................. 2-12
Programmable
Modes ....... 2-63, 2-64, 2-65, 2-66, 2-67, 2-68, 2-69
Programming Mode
Entering ..................................................... 2-62
Exiting ....................................................... 2-71
Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter ........... 2-49
12
Q
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......... 1-31
R
Radiator Pressure Cap .................................... 5-25
Radio Data System (RDS) ............... 3-65, 3-77, 3-93
Radio Messages ................... 3-64, 3-71, 3-83, 3-100
Radios .......................................................... 3-61
AM-FM Radio ............................................. 3-62
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ................ 3-122
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ....................... 3-121
Radio with CD .................................... 3-65, 3-76
Radio with Six-Disc CD ................................ 3-93
Rear Seat Audio .............................. 3-116, 3-118
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ................................ 3-61
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ................................ 3-61
Theft-Deterrent .......................................... 3-119
Understanding Reception ............................ 3-121
RDS Messages .............................. 3-70, 3-82, 3-98
Rear Climate Control System ................... 3-29, 3-32
Rear Hatch Ajar Warning Message .................... 3-56
Rear Reading Lamps ...................................... 3-20
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ...................... 1-50
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ........................ 3-116, 3-118
Rear Seat Operation ......................................... 1-6
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions ............. 1-46
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .................. 1-46
Rear Seat Radio Controls ............................... 3-116
Rear Storage Area .......................................... 2-58
Rear Window Defogger .................................... 3-28
Rearview Mirrors ............................................. 2-45
Reclining Seatbacks .......................................... 1-4
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ................. 6-12
Recreational Vehicle Towing ............................. 4-34
Remote Alarm .................................................. 2-6
Remote Control ............................................. 3-113
Remote Driver Unlock Control ........................... 2-66
Remote Keyless Entry System ............................ 2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System, Operation ............ 2-5
Remote Lock and Unlock Confirmation ............... 2-67
Remote Power Sliding Door Operation ................. 2-7
Removing the Bucket Seats ............................. 1-16
Removing the Captain’s Chairs .........................
Removing the Child from the Built-In Child
Restraint ....................................................
Removing the Convenience Center ....................
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire .............................................
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ...................
Removing the Split Bench Seat ........................
Removing the Stowable Seat ............................
Removing the Wheel Covers ............................
Replacement Bulbs .........................................
Replacing Brake System Parts ..........................
Replacing the Bucket Seats ..............................
Replacing the Captain’s Chairs .........................
Replacing the Convenience Center ....................
Replacing the Split Bench Seats .......................
Replacing the Stowable Seat ............................
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government ..................................
General Motors ...........................................
United States Government ............................
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink® Button .......
Resetting Defaults ...........................................
Resetting the Power Sliding Door ......................
1-21
1-89
2-60
5-85
5-80
1-10
1-25
5-85
5-56
5-42
1-18
1-22
2-60
1-12
1-26
7-12
7-12
7-12
2-52
2-52
2-21
13
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems ................. 1-102
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash ................................................ 1-103
Restraint Systems
Checking .................................................. 1-102
Replacing Parts ......................................... 1-103
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................... 2-32
Retro-Active Reset .......................................... 3-40
Right Front Passenger Position, Safety Belts ...... 1-42
Roadside
Assistance Program ....................................... 7-6
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out ................... 4-33
Routing, Engine Drive Belt ............................... 6-15
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....... 2-44
S
Safety Belt
Pretensioners .............................................. 1-52
Reminder Light ............................................ 3-41
Stowage, Second Row Seat ........................... 1-6
Safety Belts
Care of Safety Belts and Built-in Child
Restraint Harness ................................... 5-100
Center Passenger Position .................... 1-43, 1-44
Driver Position ............................................ 1-32
14
Safety Belts (cont.)
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................ 1-32
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ..... 1-31
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults ...................................... 1-50
Rear Seat Passengers ................................. 1-46
Right Front Passenger Position ...................... 1-42
Safety Belt Extender .................................... 1-52
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ................. 1-42
Safety Belts Are for Everyone ....................... 1-27
Safety Chains ................................................. 4-44
Safety Warnings and Symbols .............................. iii
Scheduled Maintenance ..................................... 6-4
Seats
Bucket Seats, Rear ...................................... 1-14
Captain Chairs ............................................ 1-20
Flip and Fold Feature .................................... 1-7
Head Restraints ............................................ 1-6
Manual ........................................................ 1-3
Rear Seat Operation ...................................... 1-6
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 1-4
Six-Way Power Seats .................................... 1-4
Split Bench Seats ......................................... 1-8
Stowable Seat ............................................ 1-24
Second Row Safety Belt Stowage ....................... 1-6
Securing a Child in the Built-In Child Restraint .... 1-83
Securing a Child Restraint
Center Seat Position ............................ 1-73, 1-75
Designed for the LATCH System ................... 1-69
Rear Outside Seat Position ........................... 1-69
Right Front Seat Position .............................. 1-78
Security Message, PASS-Key® III ...................... 3-56
Security While You Travel .................................. 7-6
Service ........................................................... 5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your
Vehicle ..................................................... 5-4
Doing Your Own Work ................................... 5-3
Engine Soon Light ....................................... 3-45
Publications Ordering Information ................... 7-13
Traction System Warning Message ................. 3-50
Service Bulletins ............................................. 7-13
Service Engine Soon Light in the United States
or Check Engine Light in Canada .................. 3-45
Service Manuals ............................................. 7-13
Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only) ....................... 3-98
Setting Preset Stations ............ 3-63, 3-67, 3-79, 3-95
Setting the Time
Radios with Radio Data Systems (RDS) ......... 3-61
Radios without Radio Data Systems (RDS) ..... 3-61
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble) ... 3-63, 3-68, 3-80, 3-96
Sheet Metal Damage ..................................... 5-102
Shifting Into Park (P) ....................................... 2-40
Shifting Out of Park (P) ................................... 2-42
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ........................... 1-35
Side Window Latches ...................................... 2-25
Skidding ........................................................ 4-16
Sliding Door Delayed Locking ........................... 2-12
Sliding Door Lock ........................................... 2-14
Sliding Door, Power ........................................ 2-16
Sliding Door Security Lock ............................... 2-15
Sliding Doors, Dual ......................................... 2-13
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips ....................... 4-22
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems ..................... 5-98
Specifications, Capacities ............................... 5-113
Speedometer .................................................. 3-39
Split Bench Seats ............................................. 1-8
Starting Your Engine ....................................... 2-33
Steering ........................................................ 4-12
Steering in Emergencies .................................. 4-13
Steering Tips .................................................. 4-12
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ....................... 3-120
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel ................................. 3-7
Stereo RCA Jacks ......................................... 3-110
Storage Areas ................................................ 2-52
Compact Overhead Console .......................... 2-53
Convenience Center ..................................... 2-59
Convenience Net ......................................... 2-58
Cupholder(s) ............................................... 2-53
Front Seat Storage Net ................................ 2-56
Glove Box .................................................. 2-52
Luggage Carrier .......................................... 2-56
Overhead Console ....................................... 2-54
Rear Storage Area ....................................... 2-58
15
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ...............
Storing the Built-In Child Restraint .....................
Stowable Seat ................................................
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ......................
Sun Visors .....................................................
Switchbanks ...................................................
Overhead Console .......................................
Switchbanks, Instrument Panel ..........................
5-91
1-90
1-24
4-32
2-26
3-21
3-22
3-21
T
Tachometer .................................................... 3-40
Taillamps
Turn Signal, Stoplamps and Back-up Lamps .... 5-54
TCS Warning Light .......................................... 3-43
Theft-Deterrent, Radio .................................... 3-119
Theft-Deterrent Systems ................................... 2-27
Content Theft-Deterrent ................................ 2-27
PASS-Key® III ............................................. 2-29
PASS-Key® III Operation .............................. 2-29
Tilt Wheel ........................................................ 3-7
Tire Sidewall Labeling ...................................... 5-58
Tire Size ....................................................... 5-63
Tire Terminology and Definitions ........................ 5-65
16
Tires .............................................................
Buying New Tires ........................................
Chains .......................................................
Changing a Flat Tire ....................................
Compact Spare Tire .....................................
If a Tire Goes Flat .......................................
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................
Inspection and Rotation ................................
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .........................
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance .................
Wheel Replacement .....................................
When It Is Time for New Tires ......................
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater ....................
Top Strap ......................................................
Top Strap Anchor Location ...............................
Torque Lock ...................................................
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires ..................
Towing
Recreational Vehicle .....................................
Towing a Trailer ..........................................
Your Vehicle ...............................................
Traction
Active Message ...........................................
Control System (TCS) ..................................
Control System Warning Light .......................
Service Traction System Warning Message .....
5-58
5-71
5-75
5-78
5-96
5-78
5-68
5-69
5-72
5-74
5-74
5-71
2-35
1-64
1-65
2-42
4-44
4-34
4-41
4-33
3-51
4-10
3-43
3-50
Trailer Brakes ................................................. 4-44
Trailer Wiring Harness ..................................... 4-48
Transaxle
Fluid, Automatic ........................................... 5-20
Transaxle Operation, Automatic ......................... 2-36
Transfer Case (Power Transfer Unit) .................. 5-48
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case Unit
Repair Manual ............................................ 7-13
Transportation Options ...................................... 7-8
Trip Computer ................................................ 3-60
Turn and Lane-Change Signals .......................... 3-8
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ........................... 3-8
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer .................. 4-46
U
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) ............... 3-22
Underhood Fuse Block ................................... 5-109
Understanding Radio Reception ....................... 3-121
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ............................ 5-72
United States – Customer Assistance .................. 7-5
Used Replacement Wheels .............................. 5-75
Using an MP3 CD .......................................... 3-88
Using Cleaner on Fabric .................................. 5-98
Using HomeLink® ........................................... 2-51
Using Song List Mode ................................... 3-106
V
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-6
Damage Warnings ........................................... iv
Loading ...................................................... 4-35
Symbols ......................................................... iv
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Recorders .................................................. 7-10
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ............................................ 5-104
Service Parts Identification Label .................. 5-105
Vehicle Personalization .................................... 2-62
Arming and Disarming the Content
Theft-Deterrent System ............................. 2-69
Automatic Door Locks .................................. 2-64
Content Theft-Deterrent System ..................... 2-68
Delayed Illumination and Exit Lighting ............. 2-63
Entering Programming Mode ......................... 2-62
Exiting Programming Mode ........................... 2-71
Last Door Locking and Lockout Deterrent ........ 2-65
Remote Driver Unlock Control ....................... 2-66
Remote Lock and Unlock Confirmation ........... 2-67
Vehicle Storage .............................................. 5-42
Ventilation Adjustment ...................................... 3-29
Video Screen ................................................ 3-111
Visor Vanity Mirror .......................................... 2-26
Visors ........................................................... 2-26
17
W
Warm-Up Shift ................................................ 2-38
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ................ 3-36
Warnings
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................... 3-6
Other Warning Devices .................................. 3-7
Safety and Symbols ......................................... iii
Vehicle Damage .............................................. iv
Washing Your Vehicle .................................... 5-100
Weight of the Trailer ........................................ 4-42
Weight of the Trailer Tongue ............................. 4-43
What Engine Coolant to Use ............................ 5-23
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use ........................ 5-15
What Power Steering Fluid to Use .................... 5-37
What to Do with Used Oil ................................ 5-18
What Washer Fluid to Use ............................... 5-38
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance .......................... 5-74
Replacement ............................................... 5-74
When to Add Engine Oil .................................. 5-14
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System) ................................... 5-17
When to Check .............................................. 5-69
When to Check and Change Automatic Transaxle
Fluid .......................................................... 5-20
When to Check Power Steering Fluid ................ 5-37
When to Inspect the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ..... 5-18
18
When You Are Ready to Leave After Parking
on a Hill ..................................................... 4-48
Where to Put the Restraint ............................... 1-63
Why Safety Belts Work .................................... 1-28
Windows ....................................................... 2-24
Manual ...................................................... 2-24
Power ........................................................ 2-25
Power Rear Quarter ..................................... 2-26
Side Window Latches ................................... 2-25
Windshield Washer ......................................... 3-10
Fluid .......................................................... 5-38
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement ...................................... 5-56
Fuses ...................................................... 5-106
Windshield Wipers .......................................... 3-10
Winter Driving ................................................ 4-28
X
XM™
XM™
XM™
(48
Satellite Radio Antenna System .............. 3-122
Satellite Radio Service .......................... 3-121
Satellite Radio Service
Contiguous US States) ........... 3-65, 3-77, 3-93
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................... 6-2
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