Certification Report: 0361a

Certification Report: 0361a

Certification Report

Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik

BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

for

Philips Secure Smart Card Controller

P5CD009V2B with specific IC Dedicated Software

from

Philips Semiconductors GmbH

Business Line Identification

BSI - Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik, Postfach 20 03 63, D-53133 Bonn

Phone +49 (0)3018 9582-0, Fax +49 (0)3018 9582-5455, Infoline +49 (0)3018 9582-111

Certification Report V1.0 ZS-01-01-F-330 V3.28

BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

Philips Secure Smart Card Controller

P5CD009V2B with specific IC Dedicated Software

from

Philips Semiconductors GmbH

Business Line Identification

Common Criteria Arrangement for components up to EAL4

The IT product identified in this certificate has been evaluated at an accredited and licensed/ approved evaluation facility using the Common Methodology for IT Security Evaluation, Part 1

Version 0.6, Part 2 Version 1.0 extended by advice of the Certification Body for components beyond EAL4 and smart card specific guidance for conformance to the Common Criteria for IT

Security Evaluation, Version 2.1 (ISO/IEC 15408:1999) and including final interpretations for compliance with Common Criteria Version 2.2 and Common Methodology Part 2, Version 2.2.

Evaluation Results:

PP Conformance:

Protection Profile BSI-PP-0002-2001

Functionality:

BSI-PP-0002-2001 conformant plus product specific extensions

Common Criteria Part 2 extended

Assurance Package: Common Criteria Part 3 conformant

EAL 5 / augmented by:

ALC_DVS.2 (Life cycle support - Sufficiency of security measures),

AVA_MSU.3 (Vulnerability assessment - Analysis and testing for insecure states),

AVA_VLA.4 (Vulnerability assessment - Highly resistant)

This certificate applies only to the specific version and release of the product in its evaluated configuration and in conjunction with the complete Certification Report.

The evaluation has been conducted in accordance with the provisions of the certification scheme of the German Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) and the conclusions of the evaluation facility in the evaluation technical report are consistent with the evidence adduced.

The notes mentioned on the reverse side are part of this certificate.

Bonn, 23. May 2006

The President of the Federal Office for Information Security

Dr. Helmbrecht L.S.

Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik

Godesberger Allee 185-189 - D-53175 Bonn - Postfach 20 03 63 - D-53133 Bonn

Phone +49 228 9582-0 - Fax +49 228 9582-5455 - Infoline +49 228 9582-111

The rating of the strength of functions does not include the cryptoalgorithms suitable for encryption and decryption (see BSIG Section 4, Para. 3, Clause 2)

This certificate is not an endorsement of the IT product by the Federal Office for Information

Security or any other organisation that recognises or gives effect to this certificate, and no warranty of the IT product by the Federal Office for Information Security or any other organisation that recognises or gives effect to this certificate, is either expressed or implied.

Preliminary Remarks

Under the BSIG

1

Act, the Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) has the task of issuing certificates for information technology products.

Certification of a product is carried out on the instigation of the vendor or a distributor, hereinafter called the sponsor.

A part of the procedure is the technical examination (evaluation) of the product according to the security criteria published by the BSI or generally recognised security criteria.

The evaluation is normally carried out by an evaluation facility recognised by the

BSI or by BSI itself.

The result of the certification procedure is the present Certification Report. This report contains among others the certificate (summarised assessment) and the detailed Certification Results.

The Certification Results contain the technical description of the security functionality of the certified product, the details of the evaluation (strength and weaknesses) and instructions for the user.

1

Act setting up the Federal Office for Information Security (BSI-Errichtungsgesetz, BSIG) of

17 December 1990, Bundesgesetzblatt I p. 2834

V

Certification Report

Contents

Part A: Certification

Part B: Certification Results

Part C: Excerpts from the Criteria

Part D: Annexes

BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

VI

A Certification

1 Specifications of the Certification Procedure

The certification body conducts the procedure according to the criteria laid down in the following:

• BSIG

2

• BSI Certification Ordinance

3

• BSI Schedule of Costs

4

• Special decrees issued by the Bundesministerium des Innern (Federal

Ministry of the Interior)

• DIN EN 45011 standard

• BSI certification: Procedural Description (BSI 7125)

• Common Criteria for IT Security Evaluation (CC), Version 2.1

5

• Common Methodology for IT Security Evaluation (CEM)

• Part 1, Version 0.6

• Part 2, Version 1.0

• BSI certification: Application Notes and Interpretation of the Scheme (AIS)

• Advice from the Certification Body on methodology for assurance components above EAL4 (AIS 34)

The use of Common Criteria Version 2.1, Common Methodology, part 2,

Version 1.0 and final interpretations as part of AIS 32 results in compliance of the certification results with Common Criteria Version 2.2 and Common

Methodology Part 2, Version 2.2 as endorsed by the Common Criteria recognition arrangement committees.

2

Act setting up the Federal Office for Information Security (BSI-Errichtungsgesetz, BSIG) of

17 December 1990, Bundesgesetzblatt I p. 2834

3

Ordinance on the Procedure for Issuance of a Certificate by the Federal Office for

Information Security (BSI-Zertifizierungsverordnung, BSIZertV) of 7 July 1992,

Bundesgesetzblatt I p. 1230

4

Schedule of Cost for Official Procedures of the Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der

Informationstechnik (BSI-Kostenverordnung, BSI-KostV) of 03 March 2005,

Bundesgesetzblatt I p. 519

5

Proclamation of the Bundesministerium des Innern of 22 September 2000 in the Bundesanzeiger p. 19445

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

In order to avoid multiple certification of the same product in different countries a mutual recognition of IT security certificates - as far as such certificates are based on ITSEC or CC - under certain conditions was agreed.

2.1 ITSEC/CC - Certificates

The SOGIS-Agreement on the mutual recognition of certificates based on

ITSEC became effective on 3 March 1998. This agreement was signed by the national bodies of Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, The Netherlands,

Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. This agreement on the mutual recognition of IT security certificates was extended to include certificates based on the CC for all evaluation levels (EAL 1 – EAL 7).

2.2 CC - Certificates

An arrangement (Common Criteria Arrangement) on the mutual recognition of certificates based on the CC evaluation assurance levels up to and including

EAL 4 was signed in May 2000. It includes also the recognition of Protection

Profiles based on the CC. The arrangement was signed by the national bodies of Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, The

Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, United Kingdom and the United

States. Israel joined the arrangement in November 2000, Sweden in February

2002, Austria in November 2002, Hungary and Turkey in September 2003,

Japan in November 2003, the Czech Republic in September 2004, the Republic of Singapore in March 2005, India in April 2005.

This evaluation contains the components ACM_SCP.3, ADV_FSP.3,

ADV_HLD.3, ADV_IMP.2, ADV_INT.1, ADV_RCR.2, ADV_SPM.3, ALC_DVS.2,

ALC_LCD.2, ALC_TAT.2, ATE_DPT.2, AVA_CCA.1, AVA_MSU.3 and

AVA_VLA.4 that are not mutually recognised in accordance with the provisions of the CCRA. For mutual recognition the EAL4-components of these assurance families are relevant.

A-2

3 Performance of Evaluation and Certification

The certification body monitors each individual evaluation to ensure a uniform procedure, a uniform interpretation of the criteria and uniform ratings.

The product Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B with specific

IC Dedicated Software has undergone the certification procedure at BSI. For this evaluation specific results from the evaluation process based on BSI-DSZ-

CC-0360-2006 were re-used.

The evaluation of the product Philips Secure Smart Card Controller

P5CD009V2B with specific IC Dedicated Software was conducted by T-

Systems GEI GmbH, Prüfstelle für IT-Sicherheit. The T-Systems GEI GmbH,

Prüfstelle für IT-Sicherheit is an evaluation facility (ITSEF)

6

recognised by BSI.

The sponsor, vendor and distributor is Philips Semiconductors GmbH, Business

Line Identification, P.O. Box 54 02 40, D-22502 Hamburg, Germany

The certification is concluded with

• the comparability check and

• the production of this Certification Report.

This work was completed by the BSI on 23. May 2006.

The confirmed assurance package is only valid on the condition that

• all stipulations regarding generation, configuration and operation, as given in the following report, are observed,

• the product is operated in the environment described, where specified in the following report.

This Certification Report only applies to the version of the product indicated here. The validity can be extended to new versions and releases of the product, provided the sponsor applies for re-certification of the modified product, in accordance with the procedural requirements, and the evaluation does not reveal any security deficiencies.

For the meaning of the assurance levels and the confirmed strength of functions, please refer to the excerpts from the criteria at the end of the

Certification Report.

6

Information Technology Security Evaluation Facility

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

4 Publication

The following Certification Results contain pages B-1 to B-26 and D1 to D-4.

The product Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B with specific

IC Dedicated Software has been included in the BSI list of the certified products, which is published regularly (see also Internet: http:// www.bsi.bund.de).

Further information can be obtained from BSI-Infoline +49 228 9582-111.

Further copies of this Certification Report can be requested from the vendor

7

of the product. The Certification Report can also be downloaded from the abovementioned website.

7

Philips Semiconductors GmbH

Business Line Identification

P.O. Box 54 02 40

D-22502 Hamburg, Germany

A-4

The following results represent a summary of

• the security target of the sponsor for the target of evaluation,

• the relevant evaluation results from the evaluation facility, and

• complementary notes and stipulations of the certification body.

B-1

Certification Report

Contents of the certification results

BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

4 Assumptions and Clarification of Scope

6 Documentation

9 Results of the Evaluation

10 Comments/Recommendations

11 Annexes

13 Definitions

14 Bibliography

16

18

18

21

21

21

22

23

3

12

14

14

15

16

B-2

The Target of Evaluation (TOE) is the Philips Secure Smart Card Controller

P5CD009V2B with specific IC Dedicated Software. It provides a hardware platform for a smart card to run smart card applications executed by a smart card operating system.

The evaluation was performed as a re-evaluation process based on BSI-DSZ-

CC-0360-2006. Compared to BSI-DSZ-CC-0360-2006 the TOE was reevaluated because of changes on top layers for modified module packaging requirements. Additional package type MOB4 and the relevant production sites were included in the evaluation process. The additional production steps do not influence the configuration of the TOE itself. The Security Target was updated.

The TOE is manufactured in the IC fabrication SSMC in Singapore (see part D,

Annex A) indicated by the nameplate (on-chip identifier) T027B.

The TOE is the Philips chip P5CD009V2B composed of a processing unit, security components, I/O ports, volatile and non-volatile memories (4608 Bytes

RAM, 96 KBytes Application-ROM, 12 KBytes EEPROM), a Triple-DES, a

FameXE co-processor and a Random number generator. Also two 16-bit

Timers, an Interrupt Module, a Memory Management Unit, an UART for ISO

7816 Interface and an ISO 14443 contactless interface are implemented.

The customer can select (by using the order form [16]) minor configurations as outlined in the Security Target [7], chp. 2.2. Security Target [7], chp. 2.3 outlines the packages relevant for the TOE. The package type does not influence the security functionality of the TOE. It does only define which pads are connected in the package and for what purpose the chip (with the appropriate package) can be used.

The TOE also includes Philips proprietary IC Dedicated Software stored on the chip and used for testing purposes during production only. It does not provide additional services in the operational phase of the TOE. The smart card operating system and the application stored in the Application-ROM and in the

EEPROM are not part of the TOE.

The IC Dedicated Support Software consists of two parts: the Boot ROM

Software being executed after each reset of the TOE and the Mifare Operating

System.

The TOE provides a platform for applications requiring non-volatile data storage, including smart cards and portable data banks. Several security features independently implemented in hardware or controlled by software will be provided to ensure proper operations and integrity and confidentiality of stored data. This includes for example measures for memory protection and sensors to allow operations only under specified conditions.

The Security Target is written using the Protection Profile BSI-PP-0002-2001

[9]. With reference to this Protection Profile, the smart card product life cycle is described in seven phases and the development, production and operational

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

user environment are described and referenced to these phases. The assumptions, threats and objectives defined in this Protection Profile are used.

The IT product Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B with specific

IC Dedicated Software was evaluated against the claims of the Security Target

[6] by T-Systems GEI GmbH, Prüfstelle für IT-Sicherheit. The evaluation was completed on 11. May 2006. T-Systems GEI GmbH, Prüfstelle für IT-Sicherheit is an evaluation facility (ITSEF)

8

recognised by BSI.

The sponsor, vendor and distributor is Philips Semiconductors GmbH

Business Line Identification.

The TOE security assurance requirements are based entirely on the assurance components defined in part 3 of the Common Criteria (see Annex C or [1], part

3 for details). The TOE meets the assurance requirements of assurance level

EAL 5 augmented (Evaluation Assurance Level 5 augmented). The following table shows the augmented assurance components.

Requirement Identifier

EAL5 TOE evaluation: Semiformally designed and tested

+: ALC_DVS.2

+: AVA_MSU.3

+: AVA_VLA.4

Life cycle support – Sufficiency of security measures

Vulnerability assessment - Analysis and testing for insecure states

Vulnerability assessment - Highly resistant

Table 1: Assurance components and EAL-augmentation

1.2 Functionality

The TOE Security Functional Requirements (SFR) selected in the Security

Target are Common Criteria Part 2 extended as shown in the following tables.

The following SFRs are taken from CC part 2:

Security Functional

Requirement

Identifier

FCS_COP.1 [DES] Cryptographic operation

FDP User data protection

FDP_ACC.1 [MEM] Subset access control

FDP_ACC.1 [SFR]

9

Subset access control

FDP_ACF.1 [MEM] Security Attribute based access control

ST

ST

ST

Source from

PP or added in ST

ST

8

Information Technology Security Evaluation Facility

9

[SFR] here means Special Function Register

B-4

Security Functional

Requirement

FDP_ACF.1 [SFR]

FDP_IFC.1

FDP_ITT.1

Identifier

Security Attribute based access control

Subset information flow control

Basic internal transfer protection

Source from

PP or added in ST

ST

PP

FMT_MSA.1 [MEM] Management of security attributes

FMT_MSA.1 [SFR] Management of security attributes

FMT_MSA.3 [MEM] Static attribute initialisation

FMT_MSA.3 [SFR] Static attribute initialisation

FMT_SMF.1

ST

ST

Specification of management functions (see also [4,

AIS 32, Int065])

ST

PP

ST

ST

FPT

FPT_FLS.1

FPT_ITT.1

FPT_PHP.3

FPT_SEP.1 [PP] TSF domain separation

FPT_SEP.1 [CONF] TSF domain separation

FRU_FLT.2

Protection of the TOE Security Functions

Failure with preservation of secure state

Basic internal TSF data transfer protection

Resistance to physical attack

Limited fault tolerance

PP

PP

PP

PP

ST

PP

Table 2: SFRs for the TOE taken from CC Part 2

The following CC part 2 extended SFRs are defined:

Security Functional

Requirement

FCS_RND.1

Identifier

Quality metric for random numbers

Source from

PP or added in ST

PP

PP

PP

PP

Table 3: SFRs for the TOE, CC part 2 extended

Note: only the titles of the Security Functional Requirements are provided. For more details and application notes please refer to the Security Target chapter

5.1.1.

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

The following Security Functional Requirements are defined for the IT-

Environment of the TOE as dependencies derive from the security functional requirements for cryptographic operation (FCS_COP.1) and for Management of security attributes (FMT_MSA.1) as well as for Static attribute initialisation

(FMT_MSA.3)

Security Functional

Requirement

FCS_CKM.1

FCS_CKM.4

FDP_ITC.1

FMT_MSA.2

Addressed issue

Cryptographic key generation

Cryptographic key destruction

Import of user data without security attributes

Secure security attributes

Table 4: SFRs for the IT-Environment

Note: only the titles of the Security Functional Requirements are provided. For more details and application notes please refer to the Security Target chapter

5.2.1.

Additionally security objectives for the TOE environment are outlined by only

Non-IT security requirements for the TOE environment, i.e. for (i) Design and

Implementation of the Smartcard Embedded Software, (ii) Protection during

Packaging, Finishing and Personalisation and (iii) Cipher Schemata (iv) Test of

Random Numbers and (v) Check of initialisation data. For details refer to the

Security Target, chapter 5.2.2.

The developers of Smartcard Embedded Software must take care of these requirements for the environment of the TOE.

The Security Functional Requirements for the TOE are implemented by the

TOE Security Functions:

TOE Security Function Addressed issue

F.RNG Random Number Generator

F.OPC

F.PHY

F.COMP

F.SFR_ACC

Control of Operating Conditions

Protection against Physical Manipulation

Protection of Mode Control

Special Function Register Access Control

Table 5: TOE Security Functions

B-6

F.RNG: Random Number Generator

The random number generator continuously produces random numbers with a length of one byte. The TOE implements the F.RNG by means of a physical hardware random number generator working stable within the limits guaranteed by F.OPC (operational conditions). The TSF provides a hardware test functionality that can be used by the Smart Card

Embedded Software to detect faults in the hardware implementing the random number generator.

F.HW_DES: Triple-DES Co-Processor

The TOE provides the Triple Data Encryption Algorithm (TDEA) of the

Data Encryption Standard (DES). F.HW_DES is a modular basic cryptographic function which provides the TDEA algorithm as defined by

FIPS PUB 46-3 [13] by means of a hardware co-processor and supports the 2-key Triple DEA algorithm according to keying option 2 in FIPS PUB

46-3.

F.OPC: Control of Operating Conditions

The function F.OPC ensures the correct operation of the TOE (functions offered by the micro controller including the standard CPU as well as the

Triple-DES co-processor, the arithmetic co-processor, the memories, registers, I/O interface and the other system peripherals) during the execution of the IC Dedicated Support Software and Smart Card

Embedded Software. This includes all specific security features of the

TOE which are able to provide an active response.

F.OPC filters the power supply and the clock input. It also monitors the power supply, the frequency of the clock, the temperature of the chip and the high voltage for the write process to the EEPROM by means of sensors. In addition, light sensors are provided to detect specific attacks and the specific range of the stack pointer is controlled.

Before TOE delivery the Test Mode is disabled. In all other modes except the Test Mode the TOE enables the sensors automatically when operated. Furthermore the TOE prevents that the Smart Card Embedded

Software disables the sensors.

F.PHY: Protection against Physical Manipulation

The function F.PHY protects the TOE against manipulation of (i) the hardware, (ii) the IC Dedicated Software in the ROM, (iii) the Smart Card

Embedded Software in the ROM and the EEPROM, (iv) the application data in the EEPROM and RAM including the configuration data in the security row. It also protects User Data or TSF data against disclosure by physical probing when stored or while being processed by the TOE.

F.LOG: Logical Protection

The function F.LOG implements measures to limit or eliminate the information that might be contained in the shape and amplitude of signals

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

or in the time between events found by measuring such signals. This comprises the power consumption and signals on the other pads that are not intended by the terminal or the Smart Card Embedded Software.

Thereby this security function prevents the disclosure of User Data or

TSF data stored and/or processed in the smart card IC through the measurement of the power consumption and subsequent complex signal processing. The protection of the TOE comprises different features within the design that support the other security functions.

The Triple-DES co-processor includes special features to prevent

SPA/DPA analysis of shape and amplitude of the power consumption and ensures that the calculation time is independent from any key and plain/cipher text.

The FameXE co-processor provides measures to prevent timing attacks on basic modular function. In addition special features are included to provide limitations of the capability for the analysis of shape and amplitude of the power consumption. Of course the FameXE does not realise an algorithm on its own and algorithm-specific leakage countermeasures have to be added for the FameXE.

Additional features that can be configured by the Smartcard Embedded

Software comprise (i) the FameXE HIGHSEC mode and (ii) several clock configurations to support resistance against leakage attacks.

The behaviour of F.LOG is supported by different features realised in the functions F.OPC and F.PHY.

F.COMP: Protection of Mode Control

The function F.COMP provides a control of the CPU mode for (i) Boot

Mode, (ii) Test Mode and (iii) Mifare Mode. This includes the protection of electronic fuses stored in a protected memory area, the so-called

“Security Row”, and the possibility to store initialisation or prepersonalisation data in the so-called “FabKey Area”.

The control of the CPU mode according to Boot Mode, Test Mode and

Mifare Mode prevents the abuse of test functions after TOE delivery.

Additionally it also ensures that features used at boot time to configure the TOE can not be abused.

F.COMP limits the capabilities of the test functions and provides test personnel during phase 3 with the capability to store the identification and/or pre-personalisation data and/or supplements of the Smart Card

Embedded Software in the EEPROM. The security function F.COMP maintains the security domain for its own execution that protects it from interference and tampering by untrusted subjects both in the Test Mode and in the other modes. It also enforces the separation between the security domains of subjects regarding the IC Dedicated Software and the Smart Card Embedded Software.

B-8

F.MEM_ACC: Access control for code and data memory

F.MEM_ACC controls access of any subject (program code comprising processor instructions) to the memories of the TOE through the Memory

Management Unit (MMU). Memory access is based on virtual addresses that are mapped to physical addresses. The CPU always uses virtual addresses. The Memory Management Unit performs the translation from virtual to physical addresses and the physical addresses are provided from the MMU to the memory interfaces to access the memories. The access control is performed in two ways (i) Partition of the memories and

(ii) Segmentation of the memory in the User Mode.

In addition F.MEM_ACC permanently checks whether the selected addresses are within the boundary of the physical implemented memory range. Access violations (i.e. access to forbidden memory addresses in

User Mode) and accesses outside the boundary of the physical implemented memory range are notified by raising an exception.

F.SFR_ACC: Access control for Special Function Registers (SFRs)

The function F.SFR_ACC controls access to the Special Function

Registers and the switch between the CPU modes.

The TSF implements the access control to the Special Function

Registers as specified in the Access Control Policy and the Security

Functional Requirements FDP_ACC.1[SFR] and FDP_ACF.1[SFR].

F.SFR_ACC used information provided by F.MEM_ACC in order to determine access to the Special Function Registers related to hardware components. Access to all other Special Function Registers is predefined and cannot be changed.

Only two modes are available to the Smart Card Embedded Software, the System Mode and the User Mode. The combination of F.SFR_ACC and F.COMP ensures that the other CPU modes are not available for the

Smart Card Embedded Software, but reserved for specific purposes fulfilled by the IC Dedicated Software. In addition F.MEM_ACC provides separation of the memories and access control information.

As the Test Mode is disabled before TOE delivery, all TOE Security Functions are applicable from TOE delivery at the end of phase 3 or 4 (depending on when TOE delivery takes place in a specific case) to phase 7.

For more details please refer to the Security Target, chapter 6.1

The TOE‘s strength of functions is rated ‘high’ (SOF-high) for those functions, identified in the Security Target, chapter 6.1, SOF Claim. The rating of the strength of functions does not include the cryptoalgorithms suitable for encryption and decryption (see BSIG Section 4, Para. 3, Clause 2) (see

Chapter 9 of this report).

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

1.4 Summary of threats and Organisational Security Policies

(OSPs) addressed by the evaluated IT product

The threats which were assumed for the evaluation and averted by the TOE and the organisational security policies defined for the TOE are specified in the

Security Target and can be summarised as follows.

So called standard high-level security concerns defined in the Protection Profile

[9] were derived from considering the end-usage phase (phase 7 of the life cycle as described in the Security Target) as follows:

• manipulation of user data and of the smart card Embedded Software

(while being executed/processed and while being stored in the TOE’s memories),

• disclosure of user data and of the smart card Embedded Software (while being processed and while being stored in the TOE’s memories) and

These high-level security concerns are refined in the Protection Profile [9] and used by the Security Target by defining threats on a more technical level for

Inherent Information Leakage,

Malfunction due to Environmental Stress,

Forced Information Leakage,

Abuse of Functionality and

Deficiency of Random Numbers.

The development and production environment starting with phase 2 up to TOE

Delivery are covered by an organisational security policy outlining that the IC developer / manufacturer must apply the policy “Protection during TOE

Development and Production (P.Process-TOE)” so that no information is unintentionally made available for the operational phase of the TOE. The Policy ensures confidentiality and integrity of the TOE and its related design information and data. Access to samples, tools and material must be restricted.

Because there is a specific security component which is not derived from threats the developer must apply the Policy P.Add-Components (Additional

Specific Security Components) for Triple-DES encryption and decryption, Area based Memory Access Control, Memory separation for different software parts

(including IC Dedicated Software and Smart Card Embedded Software), Special

Function Register Access Control and Protection of configuration data.

Objectives are taken from the Protection Profile plus additional ones related to the additional policy.

B-10

The Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B with specific IC

Dedicated Software distinguishes between five different CPU modes: Boot

Mode, Test Mode, Mifare Mode, System Mode and User Mode.

Available for the developer of the Smart Card Embedded Software are the

System Mode, the User Mode and the Mifare Mode.

The application software being executed on the TOE can not use the Test

Mode. The TOE is delivered as a hardware unit at the end of the chip manufacturing process. At this point in time the operating system software is already stored in the non-volatile memories of the chip and the Test Mode is disabled.

Thus, there are no special procedures for generation or installation that are important for a secure use of the TOE. The further production and delivery processes, like the integration into a smart card, personalisation and the delivery of the smart card to an end user, have to be organised in a way that excludes all possibilities of physical manipulation of the TOE. There are no special security measures for the start-up of the TOE besides the requirement that the controller has to be used under the well-defined operating conditions and that the requirements on the software have to be applied as described in the user documentation [11] and chapter 10 of this report.

1.6 Assumptions about the operating environment

Since the Security Target claims conformance to the Protection Profile BSI-PP-

0002-2001 [9], the assumptions defined in section 3.2 of the Protection Profile are valid for the Security Target of this TOE. With respect to the life cycle defined in the Security Target, phase 1 and the phases from TOE Delivery up to the end of phase 6 are covered by these assumptions from the PP:

The developer of the smart card Embedded Software (phase 1) must ensure:

• the appropriate “Usage of Hardware Platform (A.Plat-Appl)” while developing this software in phase 1. Therefore, it has to be ensured, that the software fulfils the assumptions for a secure use of the TOE. In particular the assumptions imply that developers are trusted to develop software that fulfils the assumptions.

• the appropriate “Treatment of User Data (A.Resp-Appl)” while developing this software in phase 1. The smart card operating system and the smart card application software have to use security relevant user data of the

TOE (especially keys and plain text data) in a secure way. It is assumed that the Security Policy as defined for the specific application context of the environment does not contradict the Security Objectives of the TOE.

Only appropriate secret keys as input for the cryptographic function of the

TOE have to be used to ensure the strength of cryptographic operation.

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

Protection during packaging, finishing and personalisation (A.Process-Card) is assumed after TOE Delivery up to the end of phase 6, as well as during the delivery to phase 7.

The following additional assumption is assumed in the Security Target:

• smart card Embedded Software in a way that they are not susceptible to leakage attacks (A.Key-Function).

The Smart Card Embedded Software must provide a function to check initialisation data. The data is defined by the customer and injected by the TOE Manufacturer into the non-volatile memory to provide the possibility for TOE identification and for traceability (A.Check-Init)

1.7 Disclaimers

The Certification Results only apply to the version of the product indicated in the

Certificate and on the condition that all the stipulations are kept as detailed in this Certification Report. This certificate is not an endorsement of the IT product by the Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) or any other organisation that recognises or gives effect to this certificate, and no warranty of the IT product by BSI or any other organisation that recognises or gives effect to this certificate, is either expressed or implied.

2 Identification of the TOE

The Target of Evaluation (TOE) is called:

Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B with specific IC

Dedicated Software

The following table outlines the TOE deliverables:

No Type Identifier

1 HW Philips Secure Smart Card

Controller P5CD009V2B

(dice include reference

T027B and specific

EEPROM coding, see below)

2 SW Test ROM Software (the IC

dedicated test software)

Release Date Form of Delivery

V2B T027B_200506

14.gds2 (GDS2

File)

Sawn Wafer or embedded into specific module package (see ST)

56

3 SW Boot ROM Software (part of the IC Dedicated Support

Software)

4 SW Mifare Operating System

(part of the IC Dedicated

Support Software)

1.5

31 March 2005 Included in Test

ROM on the chip

(tmfos_56.lst)

31 March 2005 Included in Test

ROM on the chip

(tmfos_56.lst)

2004 ROM on the chip

(tmfos_56.lst)

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No Type Identifier Release Date

3.5 16 Febr. 2006

Form of Delivery

Electronic document [12] SmartMX, Secure Smart

Card Controller

Family

1.0

1.0

9 May 2003 Electronic document [15]

20 Febr. 2006 Electronic document [11] Operation Manual for the

P5CD009V2A and

P5CD009V2B

Table 6: Deliverables of the TOE

The hardware part of the TOE is identified by Philips Secure Smart Card

Controller P5CD009V2B and its specific GDS-file. A so-called nameplate (onchip identifier) is coded in a metal mask onto the chip during production and can be checked by the customer, too. The nameplate T027B is specific for the

SSMC (Singapore) production site as outlined in the guidance documentation

[11]. This nameplate identifies Version V2B of the hardware, but does not identify specifically the TOE configurations. For identification of a specific configuration, the Device Coding Bytes stored in the EEPROM can be used

(see [12], chapter 6.9.8):

The value 13 hex in Device Coding Byte DC2 identifies the chip

P5CD009.

Items 2, 3 and 4 in table 6 are not delivered as single pieces, but included in the

Test ROM part of the chip. They are identified by their unique version numbers.

The delivery process from Philips to their customers (to phase 4 or phase 5 of the life cycle) guarantees, that the customer is aware of the exact versions of the different parts of the TOE as outlined above.

To ensure that the customer receives the evaluated version of the chip, either

• the customer collects the TOE himself at the Philips site Philips

Semiconductors GmbH, Business Line Identification, Stresemannallee

101, 22529 Hamburg – Germany (see part D, annex A of this report) as a wafer or specific packages

• the customer collects the TOE himself at the Philips site, Philips

Semiconductors (Thailand), 303 Chaengwattana Rd., Laksi Bangkok

10210, Thailand (see part D, annex A of this report) as a module or in a specific package or

• the TOE is sent by Philips to the customer protected by special ordering, secured transport and tracking measures. Additionally, a FabKey according to the defined FabKey-procedures has to be used to support the secure delivery and the identification of the TOE as described in [11].

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

TOE documentation is delivered either as hardcopy or as softcopy (encrypted) according to defined mailing procedures.

To ensure that the customer receives this evaluated version, the delivery procedures described in [11] have to be followed.

Defined procedures at the development and production sites guarantee that the right versions of the Test ROM Software, Boot ROM Software and Mifare

Operating System are implemented into a specific ROM mask for a TOE IC.

The security policy of the TOE is to provide basic security functions to be used by the smart card operating system and the smart card application thus providing an overall smart card system security. Therefore, the TOE will implement symmetric cryptographic block cipher algorithms (Triple-DES) to ensure the confidentiality of plain text data by encryption and to support secure authentication protocols and it will provide a random number generation of appropriate quality.

As the TOE is a hardware security platform, the security policy of the TOE is also to provide protection against leakage of information (e.g. to ensure the confidentiality of cryptographic keys during cryptographic functions performed by the TOE), protection against physical probing, malfunctions, physical manipulations, against access for code and data memory and against abuse of functionality. Hence the TOE shall:

• maintain the integrity and the confidentiality of data stored in the memory of the TOE and

• maintain the integrity, the correct operation and the confidentiality of security functions (security mechanisms and associated functions) provided by the TOE.

4 Assumptions and Clarification of Scope

The smart card operating system and the application software stored in the

User ROM and in the EEPROM are not part of the TOE. The code in the Test

ROM of the TOE (IC dedicated software) is used by the manufacturer of the smart card to check the functionality of the chips before TOE Delivery. This was considered as part of the evaluation under the CC assurance aspects ALC for relevant procedures and under ATE for testing.

The TOE is delivered as a hardware unit at the end of the chip manufacturing process (phase 3 of the life cycle defined) or at the end of the IC packaging into modules (phase 4 of the life cycle defined). At these specific points in time the

ROM part of the operating system software is already stored in the ROM of the chip and the test mode is completely disabled.

The smart card applications need the security functions of the smart card operating system based on the security features of the TOE. With respect to

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security the composition of this TOE, the operating system and the smart card application is important. Within this composition, the security functionality is only partly provided by the TOE and causes dependencies between the TOE security functions and the functions provided by the operating system or the smart card application on top. These dependencies are expressed by environmental and secure usage assumptions as outlined in the user documentation.

Within this evaluation of the TOE, several aspects were specifically considered to support a composite evaluation of the TOE together with an embedded smart card application software (i.e. smart card operating system and application).

This was necessary as Philips Semiconductors GmbH Business Line

Identification is the TOE developer and manufacturer and responsible for specific aspects of handling the embedded smart card application software in its development and production environment. For those aspects refer to chapter 9 of this report.

The full evaluation results are applicable for chips from the IC fabrication SSMC in Singapore indicated by the nameplate (on-chip identifier) T027B.

The Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B with specific IC

Dedicated Software is an integrated circuit (IC) providing a hardware platform to a smart card operating system and Smart Card Embedded Software. A top level block diagram including an overview of subsystems can be found within the

TOE description of the Security Target. The complete hardware description and the complete instruction set of the Philips Secure Smart Card Controller

P5CD009V2B can be found in the Data Sheet [12] and Instruction Set

SmartMX-Family [15].

For the implementation of the TOE Security Functions basically the components

8-bit CPU, Special Function Registers, Triple-DES Co-Processor, FameXE Co-

Processor, Random Number Generator (RNG), Power Module with Security

Sensors and Filters are used. The CPU is equipped with a Memory

Management Unit and provides different CPU modes in order to separate different applications running on the TOE. Security measures for physical protection are realised within the layout of the whole circuitry.

The Special Function Registers provide the interface to the security functions of the TOE.

The Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B with specific IC

Dedicated Software provides different levels of access control to the SFR with the different CPU modes and additional – configurable – access control to

Special Function Registers in the least-privileged CPU Mode, the User Mode.

The FameXE does not provide a cryptographic algorithm itself. The modular arithmetic functions are suitable to implement different asymmetric cryptographic algorithms.

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

The TOE executes the IC Dedicated Support Software (Boot Software) during the start up to configure and initialise the hardware. This software is executed in the Boot Mode that is not accessible after the start up is finished.

For the Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B, the Mifare

Operating System supports the functions to exchange data in the contactless mode with other Mifare components. The Mifare Operating System is executed in the Mifare Mode to ensure a strict separation between IC Dedicated Support

Software and Smart Card Embedded Software. Based on the partitioning of the memories the Mifare Operating System is not able to access the Smart Card

Embedded Software and the data stored in the EEPROM area that is not reserved for the Mifare Operating System. In the same way the access to the program and the data of the Mifare Operating System is denied for the Smart

Card Embedded Software. A limited memory area for the data exchange

(between Smart Card Embedded Software and Mifare Operating System) and the access to components of the hardware (by the Mifare Operating System) must be configured by the Smart Card Embedded Software.

The TOE IC Dedicated Test Software, stored on the chip, is used for testing purposes during production only and is completely separated from the use of the embedded software by disabling before TOE delivery.

6 Documentation

The following documentation is provided with the product by the developer to the customer for secure usage of the TOE in accordance with the Security

Target:

For the Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B with specific IC

Dedicated Software:

The Guidance, Delivery and Operation Manual [11],

Instruction set [15] and

The Data Sheet [12]

Additional guidance as outlined in chapter 10 of this report has to be followed.

Note that the customer who buys the TOE is normally the developer of the operating system and/or application software which will use the TOE as hardware computing platform to implement the software (operating system / application software) which will use the TOE.

To support a composite evaluation as defined in AIS 36 [4], the document ETRlite [10] is provided for the composite evaluator.

7 IT Product Testing

The tests performed by the developer can be divided into the following categories:

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1. technology development tests as the earliest tests to check the technology against the specification and to get the technology parameters used in simulations of the circuitry;

2. tests which are performed in a simulation environment with different tools for the analogue parts and for the digital parts of the TOE; on special software dedicated only for the regression tests; and for the IC Dedicated Support Software on emulator versions of the

TOE and within a software simulation of chip in special hardware;

5. characterisation and verification tests to release the TOE to production:

- used to determine the behaviour of the chip with respect to different operating conditions and varied process parameters

- special verification tests for Security Functions which were done with samples of the TOE and which include also layout tests by automatic means and optical control, in order to verify statements concerning the layout;

6. functional production tests, which are done for every chip to check its correct functionality as a last step of the production process (phase 3 or phase 4 depending on the TOE delivery form).

The developer tests cover all Security Functions and all security mechanisms as identified in the functional specification and in the high and low level designs.

The evaluators were able to repeat the tests of the developer either using the library of programs, tools and prepared chip samples delivered to the evaluator or at the developers site. They performed independent tests to supplement, augment and to verify the tests performed by the developer. The tests of the developer were repeated by sampling, by repetition of complete regression tests and by software routines developed by the evaluators and computed on samples with evaluation operating system. For the developer tests repeated by the evaluators other test parameters are used and the test equipment was varied. Security features of the TOE realised by specific design and layout measures were checked by the evaluators during layout inspections both in design data and on the final product.

The evaluation provides evidence that the actual version of the TOE provides the Security Functions as specified by the developer. The test results confirm the correct implementation of the TOE Security Functions.

For penetration testing the evaluators took all Security Functions into consideration. Intensive penetration testing was planned based on the analysis results and performed for the underlying mechanisms of Security Functions using bespoke equipment and expert know how. The penetration tests considered both the physical tampering of the TOE and attacks which do not modify the TOE physically (i.e. side channel testing). In addition to design

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

specific knowledge about the TOE, the vulnerability assessment and penetration testing took internationally agreed information on typical attacks on smart card ICs and their rating into account. Specific tests could be re-used from the chip P5CD009V2A certified under the ID BSI-DSZ-CC-0360-2006.

Chips from IC fabrication SSMC in Singapore were used for tests.

The TOE is identified by Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B with specific IC Dedicated Software with the nameplate T027B and specific

EEPROM coding as outlined above.

All TSF are active and usable. Information on how to use the TOE and its security functions by the software is provided within the user documentation.

The Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B with specific IC

Dedicated Software distinguishes between five different CPU modes: Boot

Mode, Test Mode, Mifare Mode, System Mode and User Mode.

As the TOE operates after delivery in System Mode or User Mode and the application software being executed on the TOE can not use the Test Mode, the evaluation was mainly performed in the System Mode and User Mode. For all evaluation activities performed in Test Mode, there was a rationale why the results are valid for the System Mode and User Mode, too.

9 Results of the Evaluation

The Evaluation Technical Report (ETR), [8] was provided by the ITSEF according to the Common Criteria [1], the Methodology [2], the requirements of the Scheme [3] and all interpretations and guidelines of the Scheme (AIS) [4] as relevant for the TOE.

The evaluation methodology CEM [2] was used for those components identical with EAL4. For components beyond EAL4 the methodology was defined in coordination with the Certification Body [4, AIS 34]). For smart card IC specific methodology the CC supporting documents

(i) The Application of CC to Integrated Circuits

(ii) Application of Attack Potential to Smartcards and

(iii) ETR-lite – for Composition and

ETR-lite – for Composition: Annex A Composite smartcard evaluation:

Recommended best practice

(see [4, AIS 25, AIS 26 and AIS 36]) and [4, AIS 31] (Functionality classes and evaluation methodology for physical random number generators) were used.

The assurance refinements outlined in the Security Target were followed in the course of the evaluation of the TOE.

The assurance refinements outlined in the Security Target were followed in the course of the evaluation of the TOE.

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The verdicts for the CC, Part 3 assurance components (according to EAL 5 augmented and the class ASE for the Security Target evaluation) are summarised in the following table.

Assurance classes and components

Security Target evaluation CC Class ASE

Verdict

PASS

IT security requirements

Explicitly stated IT security requirements

TOE summary specification

Configuration management

Partial CM automation

Generation support and acceptance procedures

Development tools CM coverage

Delivery and operation

Detection of modification

Development

Semiformal functional specification

Semiformal high-level design

Implementation of the TSF

Modularity

Descriptive low-level design

ASE_REQ.1 PASS

ASE_SRE.1 PASS

ASE_TSS.1 PASS

CC Class ACM PASS

ACM_AUT.1 PASS

ACM_CAP.4 PASS

ACM_SCP.3 PASS

CC Class ADO

ADO_DEL.2

ADO_IGS.1

PASS

PASS

PASS

CC Class ADV

ADV_FSP.3

ADV_HLD.3

ADV_IMP.2

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

ADV_INT.1 PASS

ADV_LLD.1 PASS

Formal TOE security policy model

Guidance documents

Life cycle support

Sufficiency of security measures

Standardised life-cycle model

ADV_SPM.3 PASS

CC Class AGD PASS

AGD_ADM.1 PASS

AGD_USR.1 PASS

CC Class ALC

ALC_DVS.2

PASS

PASS

ALC_LCD.2

ALC_TAT.2

PASS

PASS

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

Assurance classes and components

Analysis of coverage

Testing: low-level design

Functional testing

Independent testing – sample

ATE_COV.2

ATE_DPT.2

ATE_FUN.1

ATE_IND.2

Verdict

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

Analysis and testing for insecure states

Strength of TOE security function evaluation

AVA_CCA.1 PASS

AVA_MSU.3 PASS

AVA_SOF.1 PASS

AVA_VLA.4 PASS

Table 7: Verdicts for the assurance components

The evaluation has shown that:

• the TOE is conform to the Smartcard IC Platform Protection Profile, BSI-

PP-0002-2001 [9]

Criteria Part 2 extended

• the assurance of the TOE is Common Criteria Part 3 conformant, EAL5 augmented by ALC_DVS.2, AVA_MSU.3 and AVA_VLA.4

The following TOE Security Functions fulfil the claimed Strength of

Function: F.RNG (random number generator), according to AIS 31

Functionality class P2 High, F.LOG (Logical Protection) contributing to the leakage attacks especially for F.HW_DES (Triple-DES Co-processor) by SPA/DPA countermeasures. The scheme interpretations AIS 26 and

AIS 31 (see [4]) were used.

The rating of the strength of functions does not include the cryptoalgorithms suitable for encryption and decryption (see BSIG Section 4, Para. 3, Clause 2).

This holds for the TOE Security Function F.HW_DES (Triple-DES Coprocessor) used for Triple-DES encryption and decryption.

For specific evaluation results regarding the development and production environment see annex A in part D of this report.

The code in the Test ROM of the TOE (IC Dedicated Test Software) is used by the TOE manufacturer to check the chip function before TOE delivery. This was considered as part of the evaluation under the CC assurance aspects ALC for relevant procedures and under ATE for testing.

The results of the evaluation are only applicable for chips from the IC fabrication

SSMC in Singapore (see part D, Annex A) indicated by the nameplate (on-chip identifier) T027B and the firmware and software versions as indicated above.

The evaluation results cannot be extended to further versions/derivates of the

TOE and/or another production sites without any extra investigations.

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The validity can be extended to new versions and releases of the product, provided the sponsor applies for re-certification or assurance continuity of the modified product, in accordance with the procedural requirements, and the evaluation of the modified product does not reveal any security deficiencies.

To support a composite evaluation of the TOE together with a specific smart card embedded software additional evaluator actions were performed during the

TOE evaluation. The results are documented in the ETR-lite [10] according to

[4, AIS 36]. Therefore, the interface between the smart card embedded software developer and the developer of the TOE was examined in detail. The ETR-lite is intended to be provided to a composite product evaluator.

10 Comments/Recommendations

The operational documentation guidance [11], Data Sheet [12] and the

Instruction set [15] contain necessary information about the usage of the TOE to be considered by the smart card Embedded Software developer. Additionally, for secure usage of the TOE the fulfilment of the assumptions about the environment in the Security Target has to be taken into account.

Philips will also provide either the Security Target [6] or [7] to customers.

Besides the further requirements to follow the instructions in the user guidance documents and to ensure fulfilment of the assumptions about the environment in the Security Target, the evaluators have no additional recommendations, directions or requirements for the developer of the Smartcard Embedded

Software for the TOE.

For evaluations of products or systems including the TOE as a part or using the

TOE as a platform (for example smart card operating systems or complete smart cards), the ETR-lite for composition [10] resulting from this evaluation is of importance and shall be given to the succeeding evaluation according to AIS

36. In addition, Philips Semiconductors is able to provide a customer product related configuration list based on the general configuration list provided for the evaluation [14].

11 Annexes

Annex A: Evaluation results regarding the development and production environment (see part D of this report).

For the purpose of publishing, the Security Target [7] of the Target of Evaluation

(TOE) is provided within a separate document. It is a sanitized version of the complete Security Target [6] used for the evaluation performed.

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

13 Definitions

13.1 Acronyms

BSI

CC

Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik / Federal

Office for Information Security, Bonn, Germany

Common Criteria for IT Security Evaluation

SFP

SOF

Security Function Policy

Strength of Function

TOE

TSC

TSF

TSP

Target of Evaluation

TSF Scope of Control

TOE Security Functions

TOE Security Policy

13.2 Glossary

Augmentation - The addition of one or more assurance component(s) from CC

Part 3 to an EAL or assurance package.

Extension - The addition to an ST or PP of functional requirements not contained in part 2 and/or assurance requirements not contained in part 3 of the

CC.

Formal - Expressed in a restricted syntax language with defined semantics based on well-established mathematical concepts.

Informal - Expressed in natural language.

Object - An entity within the TSC that contains or receives information and upon which subjects perform operations.

Protection Profile - An implementation-independent set of security requirements for a category of TOEs that meet specific consumer needs.

Security Function - A part or parts of the TOE that have to be relied upon for enforcing a closely related subset of the rules from the TSP.

Security Target - A set of security requirements and specifications to be used as the basis for evaluation of an identified TOE.

Semiformal - Expressed in a restricted syntax language with defined semantics.

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Strength of Function - A qualification of a TOE security function expressing the minimum efforts assumed necessary to defeat its expected security behaviour by directly attacking its underlying security mechanisms.

SOF-basic - A level of the TOE strength of function where analysis shows that the function provides adequate protection against casual breach of TOE security by attackers possessing a low attack potential.

SOF-medium - A level of the TOE strength of function where analysis shows that the function provides adequate protection against straightforward or intentional breach of TOE security by attackers possessing a moderate attack potential.

SOF-high - A level of the TOE strength of function where analysis shows that the function provides adequate protection against deliberately planned or organised breach of TOE security by attackers possessing a high attack potential.

Subject - An entity within the TSC that causes operations to be performed.

Target of Evaluation - An IT product or system and its associated administrator and user guidance documentation that is the subject of an evaluation.

TOE Security Functions - A set consisting of all hardware, software, and firmware of the TOE that must be relied upon for the correct enforcement of the

TSP.

TOE Security Policy - A set of rules that regulate how assets are managed, protected and distributed within a TOE.

TSF Scope of Control - The set of interactions that can occur with or within a

TOE and are subject to the rules of the TSP.

14 Bibliography

[1] Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation,

Version 2.1, August 1999

[2] Common Methodology for Information Technology Security Evaluation

(CEM), Part 1, Version 0.6; Part 2: Evaluation Methodology, Version 1.0,

August 1999

[3] BSI certification: Procedural Description (BSI 7125)

[4] Application Notes and Interpretations of the Scheme (AIS) as relevant for the TOE. specifically

- AIS 25, Version 2, 29 July 2002 for: CC Supporting Document, -

The Application of CC to Integrated Circuits, Version 1.2, July

2002

- AIS 26, Version 2, 6 August 2002 for: CC Supporting Document, -

Application of Attack Potential to Smartcards, Version 1.1, July

2002

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

-

-

AIS 31, Version 1, 25 Sept. 2001 for: Functionality classes and evaluation methodology of physical random number generators

AIS 32, Version 1, 02 July 2001, Übernahme international abgestimmter CC-Interpretationen ins deutsche Zertifizierungsschema.

-

-

AIS 34, Version 1.00, 1 June 2004, Evaluation Methodology for

CC Assurance Classes for EAL5+

AIS 36, Version 1, 29 July 2002 for: CC Supporting Document,

ETR-lite for Composition, Version 1.1, July 2002 and

CC Supporting Document, ETR-lite for Composition: Annex A

Composite smartcard evaluation, Version 1.2 March 2002

[5] German IT Security Certificates (BSI 7148, BSI 7149), periodically updated list published also on the BSI Web-site

[6] Security Target BSI-DSZ-CC-0361, Version 1.1, 10 March 2006,

Evaluation of Philips P5CD009V2B Secure Smart Card Controller, Philips

Semiconductors (confidential document)

[7] Security Target Lite BSI-DSZ-CC-0361, Version 1.0, 13 March 2006,

Evaluation of Philips P5CD009V2B Secure Smart Card Controller, Philips

Semiconductors (sanitised public document)

[8] Evaluation Technical Report, Philips P5CD009V2B Secure Smart Card

Controller, Version 1.0, 11. May 2006 (confidential document)

[9] Smart Card IC Platform Protection Profile, Version 1.0, July 2001, registered at the German Certification Body under number BSI-PP-0002-

2001

[10] ETR-lite for Composition, according to AIS 36, Version 1.1, 11. May 2006 for Philips P5CD009V2B Secure Smart Card Controller (confidential document)

[11] Guidance, Delivery and Operation Manual for the P5CD009V2A and

P5CD009V2B, Version 1.0, Philips Semiconductors, 20 February 2006

(confidential document)

[12] Data Sheet, P5CD009V2, SmartMX, Secure Smart Card Controller,

Product Specification, Philips Semiconductors, Revision 3.5, February

16th, 2006 (confidential document)

[13] FIPS PUB 46-3 FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARDS

PUBLICATION DATA ENCRYPTION STANDARD (DES) Reaffirmed 25

Oct. 1999

[14] Configuration List for the P5CD009V2A/B, BSI-DSZ-CC-0360/0361,

Version 1.0, Philips Semiconductors, March 29th, 2006 (confidential document)

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[15] Instruction Set SmartMX-Family, Secure Smart Card Controller,

Objective Specification, Philips Semiconductors, Revision 1.0, 9 May

2003

[16] Order Entry Form, P5CD009, Release 3.0, Date: 14.02.2006, Philips

Semiconductors Hamburg

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C Excerpts from the Criteria

CC Part 1:

Caveats on evaluation results (chapter 5.4) / Final Interpretation 008

The conformance result indicates the source of the collection of requirements that is met by a TOE or PP that passes its evaluation. This conformance result is presented with respect to Part 2 (functional requirements), Part 3 (assurance requirements) and, if applicable, to a pre-defined set of requirements (e.g., EAL,

Protection Profile).

The conformance result consists of one of the following:

Part 2 conformant - A PP or TOE is Part 2 conformant if the functional requirements are based only upon functional components in Part 2

Part 2 extended - A PP or TOE is Part 2 extended if the functional requirements include functional components not in Part 2 plus one of the following:

Part 3 conformant - A PP or TOE is Part 3 conformant if the assurance requirements are based only upon assurance components in Part 3

Part 3 extended - A PP or TOE is Part 3 extended if the assurance requirements include assurance requirements not in Part 3.

Additionally, the conformance result may include a statement made with respect to sets of defined requirements, in which case it consists of one of the following:

Package name Conformant - A PP or TOE is conformant to a pre-defined named functional and/or assurance package (e.g. EAL) if the requirements

(functions or assurance) include all components in the packages listed as part of the conformance result.

Package name Augmented - A PP or TOE is an augmentation of a pre-defined named functional and/or assurance package (e.g. EAL) if the requirements

(functions or assurance) are a proper superset of all components in the packages listed as part of the conformance result.

Finally, the conformance result may also include a statement made with respect to Protection Profiles, in which case it includes the following:

PP Conformant - A TOE meets specific PP(s), which are listed as part of the conformance result.

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CC Part 3:

Assurance categorisation (chapter 2.5)

"The assurance classes, families, and the abbreviation for each family are shown in Table 2.1."

Assurance Class Assurance Family Abbreviated Name

Class ACM: Configuration management

CM automation ACM_AUT

ACM_CAP

ACM_SCP

Delivery ADO_DEL Class ADO: Delivery and operation

Installation, generation and start-up

Class ADV: Development Functional specification

ADO_IGS

ADV_FSP

ADV_HLD

Class AGD: Guidance documents

Security policy modeling

Administrator guidance

Class ALC: Life cycle support Development security

ADV_INT

ADV_LLD

ADV_SPM

AGD_ADM

Class ATE: Tests

Life cycle definition

Tools and techniques

Coverage

Depth

Class AVA: Vulnerability assessment

Covert channel analysis

Misuse

Strength of TOE security functions

AGD_USR

ALC_DVS

ALC_FLR

ALC_LCD

ALC_TAT

ATE_COV

ATE_DPT

ATE_FUN

ATE_IND

AVA_CCA

AVA_MSU

AVA_SOF

AVA_VLA

Table 1: Assurance family breakdown and map

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Evaluation assurance levels (chapter 6)

"The Evaluation Assurance Levels (EALs) provide an increasing scale that balances the level of assurance obtained with the cost and feasibility of acquiring that degree of assurance. The CC approach identifies the separate concepts of assurance in a TOE at the end of the evaluation, and of maintenance of that assurance during the operational use of the TOE.

It is important to note that not all families and components from Part 3 are included in the EALs. This is not to say that these do not provide meaningful and desirable assurances. Instead, it is expected that these families and components will be considered for augmentation of an EAL in those PPs and

STs for which they provide utility."

Evaluation assurance level (EAL) overview (chapter 6.1)

Table 6.1 represents a summary of the EALs. The columns represent a hierarchically ordered set of EALs, while the rows represent assurance families.

Each number in the resulting matrix identifies a specific assurance component where applicable.

As outlined in the next section, seven hierarchically ordered evaluation assurance levels are defined in the CC for the rating of a TOE's assurance.

They are hierarchically ordered inasmuch as each EAL represents more assurance than all lower EALs. The increase in assurance from EAL to EAL is accomplished by substitution of a hierarchically higher assurance component from the same assurance family (i.e. increasing rigour, scope, and/or depth) and from the addition of assurance components from other assurance families

(i.e. adding new requirements).

These EALs consist of an appropriate combination of assurance components as described in chapter 2 of this Part 3. More precisely, each EAL includes no more than one component of each assurance family and all assurance dependencies of every component are addressed.

While the EALs are defined in the CC, it is possible to represent other combinations of assurance. Specifically, the notion of “augmentation“ allows the addition of assurance components (from assurance families not already included in the EAL) or the substitution of assurance components (with another hierarchically higher assurance component in the same assurance family) to an

EAL. Of the assurance constructs defined in the CC, only EALs may be augmented. The notion of an “EAL minus a constituent assurance component“ is not recognised by the CC as a valid claim. Augmentation carries with it the obligation on the part of the claimant to justify the utility and added value of the added assurance component to the EAL. An EAL may also be extended with explicitly stated assurance requirements.

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Assurance Class Assurance

Family

Assurance Components by

Evaluation Assurance Level

EAL1 EAL2 EAL3 EAL4 EAL5 EAL6 EAL7

Configuration management

ACM_AUT 1 1 2 2

ACM_CAP

ACM_SCP

Delivery and operation

ADO_DEL 1 1 2 2 2 3

ADO_IGS 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

ADV_HLD 1 2 2 3 4 5

ADV_IMP

ADV_INT

ADV_LLD

ADV_RCR

ADV_SPM

Guidance documents

AGD_USR

Life cycle support

ALC_DVS 1 1 1 2 2

ALC_FLR

ALC_LCD

ALC_TAT

Tests ATE_COV 1 2 2 2 3 3

ATE_DPT

ATE_FUN 1 1 1 1 2 2

ATE_IND 1 2 2 2 2 2 3

Vulnerability AVA_CCA 1 2 2 assessment

AVA_MSU

AVA_SOF 1 1 1 1 1 1

AVA_VLA 1 1 2 3 4 4

Table 2: Evaluation assurance level summary

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Evaluation assurance level 1 (EAL1) - functionally tested (chapter 6.2.1)

"Objectives

EAL1 is applicable where some confidence in correct operation is required, but the threats to security are not viewed as serious. It will be of value where independent assurance is required to support the contention that due care has been exercised with respect to the protection of personal or similar information.

EAL1 provides an evaluation of the TOE as made available to the customer, including independent testing against a specification, and an examination of the guidance documentation provided. It is intended that an EAL1 evaluation could be successfully conducted without assistance from the developer of the TOE, and for minimal outlay.

An evaluation at this level should provide evidence that the TOE functions in a manner consistent with its documentation, and that it provides useful protection against identified threats.“

Evaluation assurance level 2 (EAL2) - structurally tested (chapter 6.2.2)

"Objectives

EAL2 requires the co-operation of the developer in terms of the delivery of design information and test results, but should not demand more effort on the part of the developer than is consistent with good commercial practice. As such it should not require a substantially increased investment of cost or time.

EAL2 is therefore applicable in those circumstances where developers or users require a low to moderate level of independently assured security in the absence of ready availability of the complete development record. Such a situation may arise when securing legacy systems, or where access to the developer may be limited.“

Evaluation assurance level 3 (EAL3) - methodically tested and checked

(chapter 6.2.3)

"Objectives

EAL3 permits a conscientious developer to gain maximum assurance from positive security engineering at the design stage without substantial alteration of existing sound development practices.

EAL3 is applicable in those circumstances where developers or users require a moderate level of independently assured security, and require a thorough investigation of the TOE and its development without substantial reengineering.“

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Evaluation assurance level 4 (EAL4) - methodically designed, tested, and

reviewed (chapter 6.2.4)

"Objectives

EAL4 permits a developer to gain maximum assurance from positive security engineering based on good commercial development practices which, though rigorous, do not require substantial specialist knowledge, skills, and other resources. EAL4 is the highest level at which it is likely to be economically feasible to retrofit to an existing product line.

EAL4 is therefore applicable in those circumstances where developers or users require a moderate to high level of independently assured security in conventional commodity TOEs and are prepared to incur additional securityspecific engineering costs.“

Evaluation assurance level 5 (EAL5) - semiformally designed and tested

(chapter 6.2.5)

"Objectives

EAL5 permits a developer to gain maximum assurance from security engineering based upon rigorous commercial development practices supported by moderate application of specialist security engineering techniques. Such a

TOE will probably be designed and developed with the intent of achieving EAL5 assurance. It is likely that the additional costs attributable to the EAL5 requirements, relative to rigorous development without the application of specialised techniques, will not be large.

EAL5 is therefore applicable in those circumstances where developers or users require a high level of independently assured security in a planned development and require a rigorous development approach without incurring unreasonable costs attributable to specialist security engineering techniques.“

Evaluation assurance level 6 (EAL6) - semiformally verified design and

tested (chapter 6.2.6)

"Objectives

EAL6 permits developers to gain high assurance from application of security engineering techniques to a rigorous development environment in order to produce a premium TOE for protecting high value assets against significant risks.

EAL6 is therefore applicable to the development of security TOEs for application in high risk situations where the value of the protected assets justifies the additional costs.“

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Evaluation assurance level 7 (EAL7) - formally verified design and tested

(chapter 6.2.7)

"Objectives

EAL7 is applicable to the development of security TOEs for application in extremely high risk situations and/or where the high value of the assets justifies the higher costs. Practical application of EAL7 is currently limited to TOEs with tightly focused security functionality that is amenable to extensive formal analysis.“

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

Strength of TOE security functions (AVA_SOF) (chapter 14.3)

AVA_SOF Strength of TOE security functions

"Objectives

Even if a TOE security function cannot be bypassed, deactivated, or corrupted, it may still be possible to defeat it because there is a vulnerability in the concept of its underlying security mechanisms. For those functions a qualification of their security behaviour can be made using the results of a quantitative or statistical analysis of the security behaviour of these mechanisms and the effort required to overcome them. The qualification is made in the form of a strength of TOE security function claim.“

Vulnerability analysis (AVA_VLA) (chapter 14.4)

AVA_VLA

Vulnerability analysis

"Objectives

Vulnerability analysis is an assessment to determine whether vulnerabilities identified, during the evaluation of the construction and anticipated operation of the TOE or by other methods (e.g. by flaw hypotheses), could allow users to violate the TSP.

Vulnerability analysis deals with the threats that a user will be able to discover flaws that will allow unauthorised access to resources (e.g. data), allow the ability to interfere with or alter the TSF, or interfere with the authorised capabilities of other users.“

"Application notes

A vulnerability analysis is performed by the developer in order to ascertain the presence of security vulnerabilities, and should consider at least the contents of all the TOE deliverables including the ST for the targeted evaluation assurance level. The developer is required to document the disposition of identified vulnerabilities to allow the evaluator to make use of that information if it is found useful as a support for the evaluator's independent vulnerability analysis.“

"Independent vulnerability analysis goes beyond the vulnerabilities identified by the developer. The main intent of the evaluator analysis is to determine that the

TOE is resistant to penetration attacks performed by an attacker possessing a low (for AVA_VLA.2), moderate (for AVA_VLA.3) or high (for AVA_VLA.4) attack potential.“

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D Annexes

List of annexes of this certification report

Annex A: Evaluation results regarding development and production environment D-3

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Annex A of Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

Evaluation results regarding development and production environment

The IT product Philips Secure Smart Card Controller P5CD009V2B with specific

IC Dedicated Software (Target of Evaluation, TOE) has been evaluated at an accredited and licensed/ approved evaluation facility using the Common

Methodology for IT Security Evaluation, Part 1 Version 0.6, Part 2 Version 1.0, extended by advice of the Certification Body for components beyond EAL4 and smart card specific guidance, for conformance to the Common Criteria for IT

Security Evaluation, Version 2.1 (ISO/IEC15408: 1999) and including final interpretations for compliance with Common Criteria Version 2.2 and Common

Methodology Part 2, Version 2.2.

As a result of the TOE certification, dated 23. May 2006, the following results regarding the development and production environment apply. The Common

Criteria assurance requirements

• ACM – Configuration management (i.e. ACM_AUT.1, ACM_CAP.4,

ACM_SCP.3),

• ADO – Delivery and operation (i.e. ADO_DEL.2, ADO_IGS.1) and

• ALC – Life cycle support (i.e. ALC_DVS.2, ALC_LCD.2, ALC_TAT.2), are fulfilled for the development and production sites of the TOE listed below: a) Philips Semiconductors GmbH, Business Line Identification (BU ID),

Georg-Heyken-Strasse 1, 21147 Hamburg, Germany, (development center) b) Philips Semiconductors GmbH, Assembly and Test Organisation

Hamburg Stresemannallee 101, 22529 Hamburg, Germany (assembly, test, delivery) c) Philips Semiconductors (Thailand), 303 Chaengwattana Rd., Laksi

Bangkok 10210, Thailand (assembly, delivery) d) Philips Semiconductors GmbH, Business Line Identification, Document

Control Office, Mikron-Weg 1, 8101 Gratkorn, Austria (delivery) e) Systems on Silicon Manufacturing Co. Pte. Ltd. 8 (SSMC), 70 Pasir Ris

Drive 1, Singapore 519527, Singapore (semiconductor factory) f) Photronics Singapore Pte. Ltd., 6 Loyang Way 2, Loyang Industrial Park,

Singapore 507099, Singapore (mask shop)

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Certification Report BSI-DSZ-CC-0361-2006

g) Photronics Semiconductors Mask Corp. (PSMC), 1F, No.2, Li-Hsin Rd.,

Science-Based Industrial Park, Hsin-Chu City Taiwan R.O.C. (mask shop) h) Chipbond Technology Corporation, No. 3, Li-Hsin Rd. V, Science Based

Industrial Park, Hsin-Chu City, Taiwan R.O.C. (wafer bumping)

The TOE is manufactured in the IC fabrication SSMC in Singapore indicated by the nameplate (on-chip identifier) T027B.

For all sites listed above, the requirements have been specifically applied for each site and in accordance with the Security Target BSI-DSZ-CC-0361,

Version 1.1, 10 March 2006, Evaluation of Philips P5CD009V2B Secure Smart

Card Controller [6]. The evaluators verified, that the threats are countered and the security objectives for the life cycle phases 2, 3 and 4 up to delivery at the end of phase 3 or 4 as stated in the TOE Security Target are fulfilled by the procedures of these sites.

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