Allied Telesis AT-9816GB Specifications

Allied Telesis AT-9816GB Specifications
AT-9800 Series Switch
Hardware Reference
AT-9812T V2
AT-9816GB V2
AT-RPS9000
AT-PWR9000
AT-9800 Series Switch Hardware Reference
Document Number C613-03059-00 REV F.
© 2003-2007 Allied Telesis, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesis, Inc.
Allied Telesis, Inc. reserves the right to change specifications and other information in
this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject
to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesis, Inc. be liable for any
incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not
limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information
contained herein, even if Allied Telesis, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have
known, the possibility of such damages.
All company names, logos, and product designs that are trademarks or registered
trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Hardware Reference
3
Contents
Models Covered By This Reference .................................................................... 4
Hardware Overview .......................................................................................... 4
Switch Overview ......................................................................................... 4
AT-9800 Series Switch Models .................................................................... 5
Switch LEDs ...................................................................................................... 7
RS-232 Terminal Port (ASYN0) ........................................................................... 9
Gigabit Interface Converters (GBICs) ............................................................... 10
Memory Options ............................................................................................. 11
CompactFlash Card .................................................................................. 11
Content Addressable Memory (CAM) ....................................................... 13
Dual In-line Memory Modules (DIMMs) ..................................................... 13
Cables ............................................................................................................ 14
RS-232 Terminal and Modem Cables ........................................................ 14
Cables for RJ-45 Ethernet LAN Interfaces .................................................. 15
Cable Guidelines ...................................................................................... 16
Redundant Power Supply (RPS) ....................................................................... 17
AT-RPS9000 Specifications ....................................................................... 18
AT-TFTP Server ................................................................................................ 19
Using Windows Terminal and Windows Hyperterminal .................................... 20
Switch Startup ................................................................................................ 23
To log In ................................................................................................... 23
To access help .......................................................................................... 24
Startup Procedure .................................................................................... 24
Test Facility ..................................................................................................... 26
Testing Ethernet LAN Ports ....................................................................... 27
Troubleshooting .............................................................................................. 29
Check these first ...................................................................................... 29
Common problems and how to solve them .............................................. 29
Restricted Procedures ...................................................................................... 31
Installing CAM ......................................................................................... 31
Testing CAM ............................................................................................ 33
Installing DIMM ........................................................................................ 34
Testing DIMM ........................................................................................... 35
Diagnostics ..................................................................................................... 37
For More Information ...................................................................................... 38
C613-03059-00 REV F
4
AT-9800 Series Switch
Models Covered By This Reference
This Hardware Reference includes information on the following products:
■
AT-9812T V2
■
AT-9816GB V2
■
AT-RPS9000 and AT-PWR9000
Hardware Overview
This section provides details about the physical characteristics of AT-9800
Series switches.
Switch Overview
Developed to meet the exceptionally high performance demands of high end
applications, AT-9800 Series switches deliver hardware-based low-latency
high-bandwidth wire speed Layer 2 and 3 switching, in a robust 1.5U platform.
With GBIC and 10/100/1000BASE RJ-45 port options bridging traditional
copper/fibre divides, and hardware expansion options such as CompactFlash,
CAM and DIMM, the AT-9800 Series is a versatile and powerful switching
solution for rapidly evolving networks.
Dimensions
■
Height: 66mm, plus 5.5 mm if the rubber feet are used
■
Width: 440mm, excluding rack-mounting brackets
■
Depth: 360 mm
■
Weight: Not more than 6.6 kg, depending on model and excluding power
cord
Mounting System
■
1.5U rack mounting
Environmental
Conditions
■
Operating temperature range: 0 to 40º C (32 to 104º F)
■
Storage temperature range: -25 to 70º C (-13 to 158º F)
■
Relative humidity range: 5 to 95% non-condensing
■
Port and System status LEDs
■
For a complete list of LEDs and their functions, see “Switch LEDs” on
page 7.
LEDs
Power Supply Unit
AC models
■
Universal 100–240 VAC, 50–60 Hz input
■
Redundant DC Power connection
DC models
■
48 VDC (40–60 VDC is acceptable)
■
Accepts positive or negative earthing (grounding)
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
Maximum Current
Loads
5
AC models
■
Maximum continuous current draw: 2.2A at 220V, 4.3A at 110V
■
Maximum inrush current (cold start at 25º C/77º F): 60A at 220V, 30A at
110V
DC models
Switching Core
Processing Core
Asynchronous Serial
Port
■
Maximum continuous current draw: 4.0A at -40V
■
Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) switch chip
■
Non-blocking L2 and L3 IP Switching
■
40 k-entry forwarding address database (expandable to 232 k-entries with
LineCAM)
■
64MByte RAMBUS packet buffer
■
300 MHz RISC Processor
■
128 MBytes Synchronous DRAM, expandable to 256 MByte with DIMM
■
16MBytes of fixed flash
■
CompactFlash slot for hot swappable expansion of flash up to 512 MBytes
■
512 kBytes of Non-volatile SRAM (NVRAM)
■
Battery backed real time clock (RTC)
■
32/66 MHz PCI bus
■
Silicon ID chip storing serial number, board ID, and MAC address
■
Up to 115kbps
■
Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART)
■
Standard DB9 female RS-232 connector
■
Hardware-flow control
AT-9800 Series Switch Models
This section provides hardware descriptions for individual switch models.
AT-9812T V2
C613-03059-00 REV F
Key features are:
■
12 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX/1000BASE-T ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
4 1000BASE-X ports (GBIC slots)
■
Unrestricted 1000BASE-T GBIC use
■
CompactFlash slot
■
DIMM socket for expansion of Synchronous DRAM
■
CAM socket for expansion of the forwarding address database
■
Compatible with AT-PWR9000 RPS systems (AC models only)
■
Auto-negotiating Layer 3 Managed Switch
■
AC or DC PSU options
6
AT-9800 Series Switch
AT-9812T front panel
AT-9812T V2 Multi-Layer Gigabit Switch
1000BASE-X GBIC
PORT ACTIVITY
GBIC
LINK / FULL DUP
L/A
ACT
ACT
LINK / HALF DUP
ENABLED
GBIC
13
13
15
16
1
AT-9816GB V2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
14
1
L/A
L/A
D/C
L/A
L/A
GBIC
D/C
15
16
ACT
10/100M
ACT
HALF DUP
FAULT
GBIC
BASE-T
1000M
FULL DUP
D/C
DISABLED
10BASE-T / 100BASE-TX / 1000BASE-T
14
L/A
2
3
4
COL
5
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
STATUS
ASYN0
FAULT
6
RPS
PWR
7
8
9
10
11
RESET
12
Key features are:
■
16 1000BASE-X ports (GBIC slots)
■
Unrestricted 1000BASE-T GBIC use
■
CompactFlash slot
■
DIMM socket for expansion of synchronous DRAM
■
CAM socket for expansion of the forwarding address database
■
Compatible with AT-PWR9000 RPS systems (AC models only)
■
Layer 3 managed switch
■
AC or DC PSU options
AT-9816GB front and rear panels
AT-9816GB V2 Layer 3 Fast Ethernet Switch
1000BASE-X GBIC
PORT ACTIVITY
L/A
GBIC
L/A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
LINK / FULL DUP
ACTIVITY
LINK / HALF DUP
ACTIVITY
ENABLED
DISABLED
FAULT
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
STATUS
ASYN0
FAULT
8
L/A
GBIC
RPS
L/A
PWR
GBIC
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
RESET
16
COMPACT FLASH
AC INPUT HZ AMPS
100-240V 50/60 5.0/2.5
RPS INPUT VDC A Max
+3.3
16
+5
16
+12
0.5
AC Power
CLASS 1
LASER
AT-RPS9000 RPS Connector
ACTIVITY
Compact FLASH
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
7
Switch LEDs
The following LEDs report operations and faults on AT-9800 switches:
■
System LEDs
■
AT-9812T port and GBIC LEDs
■
AT-9816GB GBIC LEDs
System LEDs
AT-9812T
port and GBIC LEDs
LED
State
Function
PWR (Power)
Green
The switch is receiving power
Fault
Red
The switch or management software is
malfunctioning
1 Flash
A switch fan has failed or is operating below the
recommended speed
2 Flashes
If RPS monitoring is enabled, an RPS fan has
failed or is operating below the recommended
speed
3 Flashes
If an RPS is connected, the switch’s PSU (Power
Supply Unit) has failed
4 Flashes
If RPS monitoring is enabled, the RPS PSU has
failed
5 Flashes
If RPS monitoring is enabled, an RPS is not
connected or is not operational
6 Flashes
The temperature sensor located immediately
adjacent to the switch chip has exceeded the
recommended threshold of 60 degrees Celsius
RPS (Redundant Power Green
Supply)
An RPS is connected to the switch and is receiving
power
CompactFlash Activity
(Rear panel)
The CompactFlash memory is active. Do not eject
the flash memory module.
Green
LED
State
Function
GBIC L/A
Green
A 1000Mbps link is open. The link is operating in
full duplex mode.
Flashing green
1000Mbps full duplex activity is occurring
Amber
A 1000Mbps link is open. The link is operating in
half duplex mode.
Flashing amber
1000 Mbps half duplex activity is occurring
Green
A GBIC is installed and enabled
Amber
A GBIC is installed but has not been recognised
Flashing amber
A GBIC is installed and enabled, but a Tx fault is
occurring
BASE-T L/A
Green
A 1000 Mbps link is open
(Link activity)
Flashing green
1000 Mbps activity is occurring
Amber
A 10/100 Mbps link is open
Flashing amber
10/100 Mbps activity is occurring
(Link activity)
GBIC
C613-03059-00 REV F
8
AT-9800 Series Switch
AT-9816GB
GBIC LEDs
LED
State
Function
BASE-T D/C
Green
The port is operating in full duplex mode
(Duplex/collision)
Amber
The port is operating in half duplex mode
Flashing amber
Collisions are occurring
LED
State
Function
GBIC L/A
Green
A 1000 Mbps link is open. The link is operating
in full duplex mode.
Flashing green
1000 Mbps full duplex activity is occurring
Amber
A 1000 Mbps link is open. The link is operating
in half duplex mode.
Flashing amber
1000 Mbps half duplex activity is occurring
Green
A GBIC is installed and enabled
Amber
A GBIC is installed but has not been recognised
Flashing amber
A GBIC is installed and enabled, but a Tx fault is
occurring
(Link activity)
GBIC
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
9
RS-232 Terminal Port (ASYN0)
The RS-232 ASYN0 terminal port is used to connect the switch to a
management device for initial configuration and switch management tasks.
This allows the switch software to be accessed from a terminal, a PC running
terminal emulation software, or from a remote location via a modem
connection. You can also use ASYN0 to establish a network connection from a
remote site using SLIP and a modem.
ASYN0 has a DCE female socket. This allows the use of a straight-through
cable when connecting the switch to a terminal or PC. Output from the show
asyn command will, however, still have a DTE perspective. The DTE pin layout
is shown in the following figure and table.
Pin 5
Pin 9
Pin 1
Pin 6
DB9 Female Pin View
C613-03059-00 REV F
Pin
Role
2
TXD
3
RXD
4
CD
5
GND
6
DTR
7
CTS
8
RTS
9
(Not used)
10
AT-9800 Series Switch
Gigabit Interface Converters (GBICs)
GBICs are removable gigabit port converters for switches that have GBIC bays.
GBICs allow users to interchange port types to meet changing network
requirements. GBICs can be purchased when a switch is purchased, or can be
purchased separately as needed.
The following GBICs have been tested and approved for use with AT-9800
Series switches:
■
Allied Telesis AT-G8T, 1000BASE-T, 100m
■
Allied Telesis AT-G8SX, 550m SX
■
Allied Telesis AT-G8LX10, 10km LX
■
Allied Telesis AT-G8LX25, 25km LX
■
Allied Telesis AT-G8LX40, 40km LX
■
Allied Telesis AT-G8LX70, 70km LX
For the latest list of approved GBICs, contact your authorised Allied Telesis
distributor or reseller, or visit www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
For information on installing GBICs, see the AT-9800 Series Switch Quick
Install Guide.
Any combination of copper and fibre GBICs can be installed in the AT-9812T
and AT-9816GB switches.
Important RX and TX terminal locations on SC fibre GBIC ports are the reverse
of RX and TX terminal locations on fixed SC fibre ports. When looking at an SC
fibre GBIC from the front, the RX terminal is on the left and the TX terminal is
on the right.
GBIC 1000BASE-T Auto-Negotiation
1000BASE-T GBICs support only 1000 Mbps full duplex connections. Although
1000BASE-T GBICs will participate in auto-negotiation processes, they will
only advertise 1000 Mbps. Half duplex, 10BASE-T, and 100BASE-TX modes are
not supported.
While 1000BASE-T GBICs will auto-negotiate at the copper Ethernet level, the
ports will behave as if in fixed 1000 Mbps full duplex mode. This is because the
SERDES connection used by GBIC ports makes the auto-negotiation invisible
to the switch, and so prevents a successful link negotiation.
When a 1000BASE-T GBIC is inserted into a GBIC slot, the port’s autonegotiation capability is disabled. This means that the port speed may not be
set to "auto-negotiate". If the port has been configured to auto-negotiate (by
default or by command) prior to the GBIC’s insertion, then this configuration is
overridden for as long as the GBIC remains in place.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
11
Memory Options
The following memory expansion options are available:
■
CompactFlash Card
■
Content Addressable Memory (CAM)
■
Dual In-line Memory Modules (DIMMs)
CompactFlash Card
AT-9800 Series switches have a CompactFlash slot on their rear panel.
CompactFlash cards increase the flash memory available for file storage.
CompactFlash files can be manipulated using the command line interface. Any
type of data, including releases, patches, GUIs and configurations can be stored
on CompactFlash cards. However, release, patch, and GUI files cannot be run
directly from CompactFlash. These files must be loaded into either NVS or
on-board flash. CompactFlash functionality is supported by Software Version
2.5.1 and later.
Important Anyone with a compliant reader can read CompactFlash cards so
do not keep sensitive data on them.
The following CompactFlash cards have been approved for use with AT-9800
Series switches:
■
AT-CF032A-00 32MB CompactFlash card
■
AT-CF128A-00 128MB CompactFlash card
For the latest list of approved CompactFlash cards, contact your authorised
Allied Telesis distributor or reseller, or visit www.alliedtelesis.com/support/
software.
Important AT-9800 Series switches support only CompactFlash cards with a
maximum hardware access time of 100 nanoseconds.
Installing and removing a CompactFlash card
CompactFlash cards can be inserted into the CompactFlash slot at any time. It
takes approximately two seconds for an inserted card to be initialised. The
following CLI message confirms that the card has been inserted:
Info (1106257): Compact flash card inserted.
The following message confirms that the card is ready to use:
Info (1106268): Compact flash card initialisation successful.
The following message means that the CompactFlash card is not compatible
with the switch:
Info (3106300): Compact flash card initialisation
unsuccessful.
Important When data is being written to or read from the card, the
CompactFlash Activity LED on the rear panel of the switch is green. Do not
remove the card when it is active or you will corrupt the data. Wait until the LED
is off before ejecting the card.
C613-03059-00 REV F
12
AT-9800 Series Switch
Testing a CompactFlash card
To display information about the basic state of a CompactFlash card, including
card size, file count and serial number, insert the card and enter the command:
show cflash
To display cluster ranges on a card, insert the card and enter the command:
show cflash test
The following figure is an example of output from the show cflash test
command when no test is running.
Clusters available for testing
Ranges:
[42645--61944]
Number of free clusters
Number of ranges
Number of used clusters
= 19300
= 1
= 42645
To test a card, insert the card and enter the command:
enable cflash test start=startnumber end=endnumber
where startnumber and endnumber are positive integers within a cluster range.
The endnumber must be higher than the startnumber. Cluster ranges are
displayed in the output of the show cflash test command.
The test software will read the file allocation table and display a list of free
sectors. Sectors can be tested as single sectors or as a range. The test will consist
of a write/read/verify cycle.
To stop the test, use the command:
disable cflash test
To display the test status while a test is in progress, use the command:
show cflash test
The following is example output from the show cflash test command when a
test is running.
Test Progress
Starting cluster
Ending cluster
Current cluster
Passed clusters number
Passed sectors number
= 700
= 1700
= 1185
= 485
= 1940
Failed clusters number = 0
Failed sectors number
= 0
Used Clusters encountered = 0
Duration................
4417 ms
Error messages are displayed when a file write fails. Failure could be due to the
card being removed or an error in the card.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
13
Content Addressable Memory (CAM)
AT-9800 Series switches ship with 40 k-entries of CAM, as standard. This
memory is divided into three fixed allocations:
■
8 k for MAC address tables
■
4 k for VLAN entries
■
28 k for all other L2/L3 tables , such as IP route entries
CAM can be expanded through the purchase and installation of lineCAM.
LineCAM is a 192 k-entry plug-in module that extends the Layer 2/Layer 3
forwarding database from 40 k to 232 k. One lineCAM module can be installed
in each AT-9800 series switch.
When lineCAM is installed, the memory allocations are:
■
8 k for MAC address tables
■
4 k for VLAN entries
■
220 k for all other L2/L3 tables
LineCAM can be ordered as a pre-installed item when purchasing a switch, or
can be purchased separately. For more information, contact your authorised
Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
To check how much CAM is installed, use the command:
show switch
For information on installing CAM, see “Restricted Procedures” on page 31.
Dual In-line Memory Modules (DIMMs)
Synchronous DRAM for AT-9800 Series switches is provided by a single
DIMM. Two memory sizes are supported, 128 MBytes and 256 MBytes.
Warning Only Allied Telesis supplied DIMMs are tested and approved for use
with AT-9800 Series switches. Using DIMM that has not been tested and
approved may cause unreliable operation and will invalidate the switch’s
warranty.
To check how much DIMM is installed, use the command:
show switch
For information on installing DIMMs, see “Restricted Procedures” on page 31.
C613-03059-00 REV F
14
AT-9800 Series Switch
Cables
This section describes how to construct management, test, and network cables
for use with the switch’s RS-232 (ASYN0) and RJ-45 interfaces.
RS-232 Terminal and Modem Cables
The terminal and modem cables described in this section are:
■
RS-232 DB9 male to female terminal cable
■
RS-232 DB9 male to male modem cable
Figures in this section show pin wiring diagrams to connect a standard VT100
compatible terminal or modem to ASYN0.
RS-232 DB9 male to
female terminal
cable
DB9 Male
(to switch/DCE)
Not connected
→ (TXD)
← (RXD)
← (CD)
(GND)
→ (DTR)
← (CTS)
→ (RTS)
← (RING)
Pin 1
DB9 Female
(to PC/terminal/DTE)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Pin 5
Pin 5
(DCD)
(RXD)
(TXD)
(DTR)
(GND)
(DSR)
(RTS)
(CTS)
(RING)
Pin 1
Cable
Pin 6
Pin 9
DB9 Male Pin View
Notes:
(1)
(2)
Pin 9
Pin 6
DB9 Female Pin View
→ Output from switch; ← Input to switch.
Cable version 1.0.
DB9MDB9Fsw
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
15
RS-232 DB9 male to
male modem cable
DB9 Male
(to switch/DCE)
Not connected
→ (TXD)
← (RXD)
← (CD)
(GND)
→ (DTR)
← (CTS)
→ (RTS)
(RING)
Pin 1
DB9 Male
(to modem/DCE)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
3 (TXD)
2 (RXD)
1 (DCD)
5 (GND)
4 (DTR)
8 (CTS)
7 (RTS)
9
6 Not connected
Pin 5
Pin 5
Pin 1
Cable
Pin 6
Pin 9
Pin 9
DB9 Male Pin View
Notes:
(1)
(2)
Pin 6
DB9 Male Pin View
→ Output from switch; ← Input to switch
Cable version 1.0.
DB9MDB9Fsw
For more information on pin assignments for the RS-232 port, see “RS-232
Terminal Port (ASYN0)” on page 9.
Cables for RJ-45 Ethernet LAN Interfaces
A twisted pair cable with four pairs and RJ-45 connectors must be used for
10BASE-T/100BASE-TX/1000BASE-T (10/100/1000BASE) connections.
Caution Do not plug a phone jack into an RJ-45 switch port because you could
damage the switch. Use only twisted pair cables with RJ-45 connectors.
Pin assignments
Each pair of twisted pair cables is identified by related colours. For example,
one wire might be red, and the related wire would be red-and-white stripe. An
RJ-45 connector must be fitted to both ends of the cable. The following diagram
shows RJ-45 connectors and the pin layout.
8
1
8
1
RJPIN
C613-03059-00 REV F
16
AT-9800 Series Switch
1000BASE straight
through cable
For 1000BASE network connections, all four pairs are used and the cable is
wired in a straight-through configuration. You can also use this cable with the
software test facility, to test 1000BASE network ports. The following table lists
pin assignments for a 10/100/1000BASE-T RJ-45 four pair straight-through
cable.
End 1
1000BASE crossover
cable
End 2
Pin
Pair
Pin
Pair
1
Pair 1+
1
Pair 1+
2
Pair 1-
2
Pair 1-
3
Pair 2+
3
Pair 2+
6
Pair 2-
6
Pair 2-
4
Pair 3+
4
Pair 3+
5
Pair 3-
5
Pair 3-
7
Pair 4+
7
Pair 4+
8
Pair 4-
8
Pair 4-
For 1000BASE test cables, all four pairs are used and the cable is wired in either
a crossover or straight-through configuration. The following table lists pin
assignments for a 10/100/1000BASE-T RJ-45 four pair cross-over cable.
End 1
End 2
Pin
Pair
Pin
Pair
1
Pair 1+
1
Pair 2+
2
Pair 1-
2
Pair 2-
3
Pair 2+
3
Pair 1+
6
Pair 2-
6
Pair 1-
4
Pair 3+
4
Pair 4+
5
Pair 3-
5
Pair 4-
7
Pair 4+
7
Pair 3+
8
Pair 4-
8
Pair 3-
Cable Guidelines
The following table lists port, connector, and cable combinations for AT-9800
Series switches and GBICs.
Connector
Type
Cable Type1
Maximum
Cable Length
10BASE-T/
100BASE-TX/
1000BASE-T
RJ-45
CAT5
100 to 150m
CAT5E
200m
1000BASE-X
Varies with
GBIC
Refer to
documentation
with GBIC
Refer to
documentation
with GBIC
Model
Port Type
AT-9812T
AT-9816GB
1. Refer to the IEEE 802.3 standards for further cable information.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
17
Redundant Power Supply (RPS)
Redundant Power Supply (RPS) units enhance network reliability by
providing backup coverage for switch Power Supply Units (PSUs).
AT-9800 Series switches have an RPS connector on the rear panel. The
connector allows the switch to be connected to an AT-RPS9000 system. The
AT-RPS9000 must be purchased separately.
The AT-RPS9000 is a chassis that holds up to four removable AT-PWR9000
power units. Each AT-PWR9000 power unit can provide redundant power to
one AT-9812T or AT-9816GB switch. When fully loaded, the AT-RPS9000
chassis can support up to four switches.
The AT-RPS9000 chassis has two AC power inlets. Each inlet supplies two
bays, and therefore two AT-PWR9000 units and two switches.
Rear panel of the AT-RPS9000.
AC Input A
(For RPS output A1 & A2)
AC INPUT A
AC Input B
(For RPS output B1 & B2)
AC INPUT B
AC INPUT HZ AMPS
100-240V 50/60 5.0-2.5
AC INPUT HZ AMPS
100-240V 50/60 5.0-2.5
AT-RPS9000
RPS OUPUT A1
OUTPUT VDC
+3.3
+5
+12
RPS OUPUT A2
A Max
16
16
0.5
RPS Output A1
OUTPUT VDC
+3.3
+5
+12
RPS OUPUT B1
A Max
16
16
0.5
RPS Output A2
OUTPUT VDC
+3.3
+5
+12
A Max
16
16
0.5
RPS Output B1
RPS OUPUT B2
OUTPUT VDC
+3.3
+5
+12
A Max
16
16
0.5
RPS Output B2
Power Switches
The pin layout and functions of the RPS connector on the rear panel of AT-9800
Series switches are shown in the following figure and table.
A1
A2 A3
1
6
C613-03059-00 REV F
2 3 4
5
7 8 9 10
18
AT-9800 Series Switch
Pin Number
Function
A1
5VDC In
A2
Return (ground) for 5VDC In, 3.3VDC In, and 12VDC
A3
3.3VDC In
1
Ground to indicate RPS is present
2
Remote Sense (RS) +3.3VDC
3
+12VDC In
4
RPS Fan Signal
5
Return (ground) for 5VDC In, 3.3VDC In and 12VDC
6
Remote Sense (RS) +5VDC
7
Return (ground) for +3.3VDC and +5VDC Remote Sense (RS)
8
+12VDC In
9
Not Used
10
Return (ground) for 5VDC In, 3.3VDC In and 12VDC
AT-RPS9000 Specifications
Dimensions
■
Height: 67 mm, plus 5.5 mm if the rubber feet are used
■
Width: 440 mm, excluding rack-mounting brackets
■
Depth: 360 mm
■
Weight: 6.76 kg with one AT-PWR9000 installed, 10.21 kg with four
AT-PWR9000 power units installed
Mounting System
■
1.5U rack mounting
Environmental
Conditions
■
Operating temperature range: 0 to 40º C (32 to 104º F)
■
Storage temperature range: -25 to 70º C (-13 to 158º F)
■
Relative humidity range: 5 to 95% non-condensing
■
AC supply to RPS
■
RPS fan, PSU, and connection fault, located on AT-9800 Series switches
■
RPS is supplying power to switch, located on AT-9800 Series switches
■
For LED descriptions, see “Switch LEDs” on page 7
■
Individual power switch for each PWR bay
■
Power switches recessed to prevent unintentional operation
AC Power Supply
■
Universal 100–240 VAC, 50–60 Hz input
DC Output
■
+3.3VDC/16A
■
+5VDC/16A
■
+12VDC/0.5A
LEDs
Controls
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
19
AT-TFTP Server
This section explains how to access and use the AT-TFTP Server. Use AT-TFTP
server to download software upgrades to your switch, and transfer
configuration files to and from your switch.
To use AT-TFTP Server, follow these steps.
1.
If AT-TFTP Server has not yet been installed:
Install it now from the AT-9800 Series Switch Documentation and Tools
CD-ROM.
Select AT-TFTP Server from the Start > Programs > Allied Telesis >
AT-TFTP Server menu.
2.
To set preferences for the AT-TFTP Server:
Select "Options" from the File menu to display the "Set Preferences" dialog
box.
The "Default file transfer directory" field specifies the directory that
AT-TFTP Server will read from or write to for file requests that do not
include a directory specification.
To prevent unauthorised access to private directories, enter a path name in
the "Restrict to directory" field. AT-TFTP Server will use only the specified
directory, even if file requests contain references to other directories.
Select "Read only" to prevent files being written to the PC. To use the PC to
archive scripts created using the create config command, select "Read
Write".
Make any required changes and click "OK".
3.
To load a file from AT-TFTP Server to the switch:
On a terminal connected to the RS-232 terminal port (ASYN0), use the
command:
load method=tftp file=filename server=ipadd dest=flash
where filename is the name of the file to download and ipadd is the IP
address of the PC running AT-TFTP Server.
C613-03059-00 REV F
20
AT-9800 Series Switch
4.
To save a TFTP Server log:
Select "Save As" from the File menu.
TFTP requests are logged to the AT-TFTP Server main window.
Using Windows Terminal and Windows
Hyperterminal
You can use a PC running terminal emulation software as the manager console,
instead of a terminal. There are many terminal emulation applications
available for PCs, but the most readily available are the Terminal and
HyperTerminal applications included in Microsoft Windows 98, 2000, and
XP Professional. In standard Windows installations, HyperTerminal is
available from the Communications submenu.
The key to successful use of terminal emulation software with the switch is to
configure the software and switch with matching communications parameters.
The following procedure can be applied to most terminal emulation programs.
Dialog boxes in the procedure are from Windows 2000 and XP Professional.
To configure Windows HyperTerminal for 2000 and XP Professional
1.
2.
Start the program in Windows by doing one of the following:
•
Select Programs > Accessories > Communications > HyperTerminal.
•
Double-click the Hypertrm.exe icon.
In the Connection Description dialog box:
•
Enter a name for the connection, such as Admin.
•
Select an icon from the scrollable list and click the OK button.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
C613-03059-00 REV F
21
3.
In the “Connect using” field on the Connect To dialog box, select the COM
port on the PC used to connect to the switch. and click the OK button.
4.
In the COMn Properties dialog box, set port parameters as follows, and click
the OK button.
22
AT-9800 Series Switch
5.
From the main HyperTerminal window, select Properties from the File
menu. Click the Settings tab, and set the Properties dialog box as follows.
6.
Click ASCII Setup to display the ASCII Setup dialog box, and ensure the
following options are not selected:
•
Echo typed characters locally
•
Append line feeds to incoming line ends
Set other parameters as necessary and click the OK buttons on both dialog
boxes to close them.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
23
7.
Save the current session by selecting Save from the File menu on the main
HyperTerminal window. This creates a connection icon with the name you
assigned in the HyperTerminal group.
To use the configuration, double-click the connection icon. When the
HyperTerminal window appears, press the Enter key several times; the
switch’s login prompt is then displayed.
Switch Startup
This section describes the log in and startup procedures for your AT-9800 Series
switch. Although the switch will perform basic switching operations without
being configured, you will need to go through these log in and startup
procedures if you wish to configure the switch and access its full layer 3
switching capabilities.
To log In
To log in you must first connect the switch to a terminal or PC. This can be
done using the RS-232 terminal port (ASYN0). A terminal cable suitable for use
with ASYN0 is supplied with each switch.
Using the supplied terminal cable, or a cable you have made by following the
instructions in “Cables” on page 14, connect your terminal or PC to ASYN0.
Set the communication parameters on your terminal or terminal emulation
program to:
■
Baud rate: 9600
■
Data bits: 8
■
Parity: None
■
Stop bits: 1
■
Flow control: Hardware
See “Using Windows Terminal and Windows Hyperterminal” on page 20 for
more information on configuring emulation software.
Ensure that any power switches are in the On position and that the switch is
receiving power.
After the switch has booted, the login prompt appears. If the login prompt
doesn’t appear, press [Enter] two or three times.
When the switch boots for the first time it automatically creates an account
with manager privileges. The account has the login name “manager” and the
password is “friend”.
At the login prompt, enter the login name and password.
Log in: manager
Password: friend
The command prompt appears and you can now configure the switch using
the command line interface.
C613-03059-00 REV F
24
AT-9800 Series Switch
Warning Change the password as soon as possible. Leaving the manager
account with the default password is a serious security risk. Make sure that you
remember the new password as there is no way to retrieve it if it is lost.
Use the following command to change the account password:
set password
See the AT-9800 Series AlliedWare™ Operating System Software Reference for more
information on configuring the switch.
To access help
To use online help, the help file must be configured. Use the command:
set help=help-filename
where help-filename is the name of a help file stored in flash.
Help files have an .hlp extension. To see a list of files stored in flash, use the
command:
show file
To display a list of help topics, use the command:
help
To display help on a specific topic, use the command:
help topic
where topic is the name of a help topic.
You can also type a question mark (?) at the end of a partially completed
command to see a list of valid options.
Startup Procedure
When the switch starts up following either a power cycle or an operatorinitiated reboot (using the RESET button or restart command), it performs a
series of self tests and sends messages to the terminal or PC connected to the
ASYN0 port. After the switch successfully starts, a prompt is displayed for you
to log in. See the Getting Started chapter in the Software Reference for more
information about logging in.
Overrides
The switch pauses briefly during routine startup messages to display the
following prompt:
Force EPROM download (Y)?
If you do nothing, switch software is loaded along with a pre-configured
startup script. For troubleshooting, you can change the startup process by
using the following keys.
Pressing this key... Forces the switch to...
[Y]
Load the EPROM release with no patch.
[S]
Start with the default configuration so that any boot script is ignored.
[Ctrl/D]
Enter diagnostics mode. For more information, see “Diagnostics” on
page 37.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
Regular output
25
The following figure shows a typical sequence of messages output during the
startup process.
INFO:
INFO:
PASS:
INFO:
PASS:
INFO:
INFO:
Force
INFO:
INFO:
INFO:
Self tests beginning.
RAM test beginning.
RAM test, 131072k bytes found.
BBR tests beginning.
BBR test, 512k bytes found.
Self tests complete
Downloading switch software.
EPROM download (Y) ?
Initial download succeeded
Executing configuration script <boot.cfg>
Switch startup complete
Manager >
Types of messages
Startup messages
The following table explains the types of messages that the switch generates
during startup.
Type
Description
INFO
An action will be taken by the system.
PASS
A test has been completed successfully.
ERROR
An error message that a test has failed, but the system continues to
operate.
FAIL
An error message that a fatal error condition has caused the system to
halt in an unrecoverable fashion.
The following table lists the possible startup messages and their meanings.
Message
Description
INFO: Self tests beginning.
Code loader tests are about to begin.
INFO: RAM test beginning.
RAM tests are about to begin.
PASS: RAM test, 65536k bytes
found.
RAM test passed and the switch is using the indicated
amount of memory.
ERROR: RAM test test-number.
Error address = address.
The given RAM test failed at the given address, which
means that the memory system is faulty. The test repeats
until it passes. If the error continues, contact your
authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
For example:
ERROR: RAM test 5. Error
address = 00345678
C613-03059-00 REV F
INFO: BBR tests beginning.
BBR battery tests are about to begin.
PASS: BBR test. Battery OK.
BBR battery tests passed.
ERROR: BBR Battery low.
BBR battery test failed, indicating that the battery is
running low. The BBR battery must be replaced. Contact
your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
PASS: BBR test, 512k bytes
found.
BBR size/location test passed with the indicated amount of
BBR found.
26
AT-9800 Series Switch
Message
Description
FAIL: BBR test. Error address =
address.
The BBR size/location test failed at the given location. The
test at this location failed, indicating the end of memory,
but a valid location was discovered in the 255 long words
following this location. The BBR system must be replaced.
Contact your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or
reseller.
FAIL: BBR test, only 16k bytes
found.
The BBR size/location test completed, but only the
displayed amount of memory was found. This amount is
less than the minimum required to run the switch
software.
INFO: Self tests complete.
The startup tests have finished.
INFO: Downloading switch
software.
The process of downloading the switch software and
vector table from ROM is about to begin.
ERROR: Code load retried.
FAIL: Code load failed.
Loading code from ROM to RAM failed. The load is retried
a number of times, and the error message is displayed
each time it fails. The FAIL message is displayed if the
switch reaches the maximum number of attempts.
Force EPROM download?
Prompt that lets you override the standard startup
sequence, typically when troubleshooting.
INFO: Initial download
succeeded.
Startup tests and download are complete, and the switch
software is about to be started. The release is now
decompressed. This may take a few seconds.
INFO: Downloading
compressed release. This may
take up to 1 minute...
The main switch software is decompressed before being
loaded into RAM.
INFO: Loading software into
memory. This may take up to 1
minute...
INFO: Executing configuration
script script-name
Configuration commands in the given script are being
executed. If the script has an error, appropriate error
messages are displayed.
INFO: Switch startup complete. The startup process is complete and the switch is now
performing switching operations.
Test Facility
The test facility is a hardware test tool in the switch software. Its primary
function is to validate that there are no hardware problems after installation of
the switch or expansion options. You can also use it as a troubleshooting tool,
but it is just one of many such tools. You could consider the test facility to be a
specialised interface module, such as PPP or Frame Relay, where the interfaces
under test are dedicated to the test facility.
Before you use the test facility, disable configurations by using the
set configuration=none command, and restart or reboot the switch. For more
information about the test facility, see the Test Facility chapter in the Software
Reference.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
27
Testing Ethernet LAN Ports
A crossover cable is required to run an Ethernet LAN test. See “Cables” on
page 14 for details of how to make a suitable cable. To start the test, loop a fourpair crossover or straight-through cable between any two RJ-45 ports and enter
the command:
enable test int=all
Note A loopback plug can also be used to test SC and MT-RJ GBIC interfaces.
All interfaces with loopback plugs fitted or connected by crossover cables are
tested. Test results are displayed using the command:
show test
The following figure shows typical output from the show test command.
Board
ID Bay Board Name
Rev
Serial number
---------------------------------------------------------------------------Base
157
AT-9812TF
P1-0
42029694
Duration
Details
Interface State
Result
Type (minutes) Data( %OK ) Control
---------------------------------------------------------------------------port1
port2
port3
port4
port5
port6
port7
port8
port9
port10
port11
port12
port13
port14
port15
port16
testing
no test
no test
testing
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
wait 4 minutes
wait 4 minutes
-
TP
TP
-
< 1
< 1
-
GOOD (100.0)
GOOD (100.0)
-
-
asyn0
testing
wait 4 minutes
< 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
A more detailed output, with frame counts, can be displayed using the
command:
show test count
C613-03059-00 REV F
28
AT-9800 Series Switch
The following figure shows typical output from the show test count command.
Board
ID Bay Board Name
Rev
Serial number
---------------------------------------------------------------------------Base
157
AT-9812TF
P1-0
42029694
Duration
Frame Counters
Interface State
Type (minutes)
Tx
RxTotal
RxGood
RxBad
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------port1
port2
port3
port4
port5
port6
port7
port8
port9
port10
port11
port12
port13
port14
port15
port16
testing
no test
no test
testing
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
no test
TP
TP
-
< 1
< 1
-
000298842
000298842
-
000298841
000298841
-
000298841
000298841
-
000000000
000000000
-
asyn0
testing
< 1
000000000 000000000 000000000 000000000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Important If a test fails, contact your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or
reseller.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
29
Troubleshooting
This section provides information on how to detect and resolve problems with
AT-9800 Series switches and their expansion options.
Other sources of useful troubleshooting information are:
■
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
■
The AT-9800 Series AlliedWare™ Operating System Software Reference.
Check these first
1.
Check the power cord connections.
2.
Check that the power supply voltage is stable.
3.
Check that the correct data cables are being used and that their connections
are secure.
4.
Check that any GBICs are correctly installed and that they are compatible
with the switch. See “Gigabit Interface Converters (GBICs)” on page 10 for
more information.
5.
Make sure that other network devices are working properly.
6.
Use the show install command to check that the latest software release is
loaded. See the AT-9800 Series AlliedWare™ Operating System Software
Reference for more information about obtaining the latest software release.
7.
If the switch is malfunctioning, reboot it by pressing the recessed RESET
button or entering the command restart reboot. Alternatively, shut down
and restart the switch using its power switch (AC models) or as appropriate
(DC models).
Common problems and how to solve them
Link/Activity LED on
any port is off
This can indicate:
■
a loose data cable
■
the device at the other end of the connection is not working properly or is
turned off
■
the data cable is not wired correctly
■
the network administrator has manually disabled the port through the
software
■
the port’s selected transmission mode does not match that of the attached
device
Perform the following steps in sequence:
C613-03059-00 REV F
1.
Make sure the data cable connections are secure.
2.
Make sure the device at the other end of the connection is switched on and
working properly.
3.
Check that the data cable is wired correctly.
4.
If you can, log in and check the port status. See “To log In” on page 23 for
more information on how to log in.
30
AT-9800 Series Switch
5.
If the port is enabled, make sure the transmission speed matches that of the
connected device (auto-negotiating, full or half-duplex).
Important If the port is disabled, someone has used the software to
manually disable it. You should find out why the port was disabled before
enabling it.
Power LED is off
This can indicate:
■
a loose power cord
■
a power supply failure
Perform the following steps in sequence:
Fault LED is on
1.
Check that the power cord connections are secure.
2.
Check that all switches and circuit protection devices are in the ON position.
3.
Ensure that the supply voltage is within the operational range: 100–240 VAC
and 50–60 Hz for AC models, or 40–60 VDC for DC models.
This can indicate:
■
there is a problem with the switch or PSU
■
the switch or management software is malfunctioning
■
a hardware fault is preventing switch startup
Perform the following steps in sequence:
1.
Check “Switch LEDs” on page 7 for descriptions and explanations of LED
flashing sequences.
2.
Reset the switch by pressing the recessed RESET button on the front panel.
3.
If you were attempting to download software or manage the switch via the
RS-232 terminal port, check that connections between the terminal port and
local terminal or PC are secure.
If you cannot access the switch’s software because of a faulty RS-232
terminal port connection, you can still manage the switch via Telnet or
SNMP until the problem is fixed.
4.
Download the latest software release. See the AT-9800 Series AlliedWare™
Operating System Software Reference for more information on how to obtain
the latest software release.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
31
Restricted Procedures
This section contains procedures that should only be performed by authorised
service personnel. Unauthorised use of procedures in this section may cause
danger of injury from electric shock, damage to the switch, and invalidation of
the product warranty.
If you would like to know more about the procedures outlined in this section,
please contact your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
Installing CAM
LineCAM is available as a 192 k-entry module. Adding a LineCAM module
extends the switch’s Layer 2/Layer 3 forwarding database from 40 k-entries to
232 k-entries. One LineCAM module can be installed in each AT-9800 series
switch.
LineCAM can be ordered as a pre-installed item when purchasing a switch, or
can be purchased separately and installed as needed.
Warning For AT-9800 Series switches, CAM should only be installed by
authorised service personnel. Unauthorised opening of the switch’s lid may
cause danger of injury from electric shock, damage to the switch, and
invalidation of the product warranty.
To install LineCAM in an AT-9800 series switch:
1.
Avoid injury by working in a safe environment.
The workspace should be free of hazards, and there should be sufficient
room to lay out the switch, CAM, and tools.
2.
Unpack the CAM in an antistatic environment.
Warning Do not attempt to install any hardware without observing correct
antistatic procedures. Failure to do so may damage the switch or CAM. If you
are unsure what the correct procedures are, contact your authorised Allied
Telesis distributor or reseller.
3.
If fitted, disconnect the switch’s redundant power supply.
4.
Disconnect the mains power cord.
Warning Before removing the switch’s lid, the power cord and, if connected,
RPS power cord should be disconnected to reduce risk of electrical shock.
5.
Remove all interface cables.
6.
Remove the switch’s lid.
The switch may need to be removed from any rack mounting system
before its lid can be removed.
Using a posidrive screwdriver, remove the 12 screws that secure the
switch’s lid. There are 5 screws located in countersunk holes on each side
of the lid, and 2 screws at the rear.
C613-03059-00 REV F
32
AT-9800 Series Switch
7.
Align the CAM.
Position the CAM over the CAM slot on the switch base board, as shown in
the following figure. The three support pillars located on the board should
be aligned with the holes on the CAM, and the CAM’s chamfers should be
pointing to the switch’s PSU.
Compact Flash
Battery
CAM slot
CAM mounts
DIMM slot
Switch chip
CPU
Correct CAM
orientation
Chamfers
Ports
8.
Insert the CAM.
Warning Forcing a misaligned CAM will damage the CAM’s connector and
CAM slot.
Press the CAM firmly into place. Secure the CAM to the support pillars
using the supplied screws.
The CAM is now ready to test.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
33
Testing CAM
To check that the switch has recognised the CAM, turn on the switch and enter
the command:
show switch
This displays system system information, including the amount of CAM
installed. The following figure is an example of output from the show switch
command.
Switch Configuration
-----------------------------------------------------------CAM size ( entries ) ....... 204800
Switch Address ............. 00-00-cd-05-01-0f
Learning ................... ON
Ageing Timer ............... ON
Number of Fixed Ports ...... 16
Number of Uplink Ports ..... 0
Mirroring .................. DISABLED
Mirror port ................ None
Ports mirroring on Rx ...... None
Ports mirroring on Tx ...... None
Ports mirroring on Both .... None
Number of WAN Interfaces ... 0
Name of Interface(s) ....... Ageingtime ................. 300
VLAN classification ........ To be defined
UpTime ..................... 00:01:21
Hashingfiled ............... L2 L3 L4
-----------------------------------------------------------
If there is no entry for the CAM, or the entry displays an incorrect value, then
the switch has not correctly detected the CAM’s presence. The most likely
cause is that the CAM is not correctly plugged into the CAM slot. Repeat the
installation process, paying particular attention to the CAM alignment and
insertion steps.
Use the show switch command again, and if the display is still not correct,
contact your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
Important If any CAM test fails, check that the CAM is correctly installed in its
slot and repeat the tests. Contact your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or
reseller if the CAM does not operate correctly.
C613-03059-00 REV F
34
AT-9800 Series Switch
Installing DIMM
AT-9800 Series switches have one DIMM slot. The slot can be populated with
either a 128 MByte DIMM or a 256 MByte DIMM.
Warning Only Allied Telesis supplied DIMMs have been tested and approved
for use with AT-9800 Series switches. Using DIMM that has not been tested and
approved may cause unreliable operation and will invalidate the switch’s
warranty.
Warning For AT-9800 Series switches, DIMM should only be installed by
authorised service personnel. Unauthorised opening of the switch’s lid may
cause danger of injury from electric shock, damage to the switch, and
invalidation of the product warranty.
To install DIMM in an AT-9800 series switch:
1.
Avoid injury by working in a safe environment.
The workspace should be free of hazards, and there should be sufficient
room to lay out the switch, DIMM, and tools.
2.
If fitted, disconnect the switch’s redundant power supply.
3.
Disconnect the mains power cord.
Warning Before removing the switch’s lid, the power cord and, if connected,
RPS power cord should be disconnected to reduce risk of electrical shock.
4.
Remove all interface cables.
5.
Remove the switch’s lid.
The switch may need to be removed from any rack mounting system
before its lid can be removed.
Using a posidrive screwdriver, remove the 12 screws that secure the
switch’s lid. There are 5 screws located in countersunk holes on each side
of the lid, and 2 screws at the rear.
6.
Prepare the DIMMs.
In an antistatic environment, remove the DIMM from its packing material.
Be sure to observe ESD precautions.
Warning Do not attempt to install DIMM without observing correct antistatic
procedures. Failure to do so may damage the DIMM and switch. If you are
unsure what the correct procedures are, contact your authorised Allied Telesis
distributor or reseller.
7.
Remove the existing DIMM.
Warning Before removing the switch’s lid, the power cord and, if connected,
RPS power cord should be disconnected to reduce risk of electrical shock.
The DIMM is held in place by two retaining latches, one latch at each end
of the DIMM slot. Release these latches and carefully pull the DIMM from
the DIMM slot.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
35
The DIMM slot’s location is shown in the following figure.
Compact Flash
Battery
CAM slot
CAM mounts
DIMM slot
Switch chip
CPU
Correct CAM
orientation
Chamfers
Ports
8.
Align and insert the new DIMM.
Holding a DIMM at an angle of about 30 degrees from horizontal, align the
notches on its connector strips with the notches on the empty DIMM slot,
as shown in the following figure.
DIMM
CAM slot
DIMM slot
Ports
Insert the DIMM into the DIMM slot, sliding it along the two DIMM
guides until the retaining latches automatically click into place. The latches
should hold the DIMM firmly in place.
Testing DIMM
The switch is unlikely to boot unless the DIMM is correctly installed. If the
switch does boot but you suspect the DIMM is malfunctioning, enter the
command:
show system
C613-03059-00 REV F
36
AT-9800 Series Switch
The following figure is an example of output from the show system command
for an AT-9800 Series switch.
Switch System Status
Time 11:25:50 Date 28-Mar-2002.
Board
ID Bay Board Name
Rev
Serial number
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Base
156
AT-9816GF
M1-1
46709354
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Memory DRAM : 65536 kB
FLASH : 15360 kB
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------SysDescription
Allied Telesis AT-9816GF version 2.5.1-00 10-Nov-2002
SysContact
SysLocation
SysName
SysDistName
SysUpTime
3382 ( 00:00:33 )
Boot Image
:
Software Version:
Release Version :
Release built
:
Patch Installed :
Territory
:
Help File
:
Main PSU
RPS Monitor
98-101.fbr size 903404 20-Aug-2002
2.5.1-00 10-Nov-2002
2.5.1-00 10-Nov-2002
Nov 10 2002 at 00:20:31
NONE
usa
help.hlp
: On
: On
Main Fan
RPS Connected
: On
: ***NO***
Current Temperature : 29 C
Configuration
Boot configuration file: snoopy.cfg (exists)
Current configuration: snoopy.cfg
Security Mode
: Disabled
Warning (2048283): No patches found.
The Memory field displays the size of DRAM. If the DRAM size is less than the
size of DIMM that has been installed, then the switch has not correctly detected
the DIMM. The most likely cause is that the DIMM connector is not plugged
into its slot correctly. Repeat the installation process, paying particular
attention to the DIMM insertion step.
Use the show system command again, and if the display is still not correct,
contact your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
Important If you have any difficulty with the DIMM at any time, contact your
authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller and quote the serial numbers of
both the base card on the switch and the DIMM. The switch’s serial numbers
and revision details can be read using the show system command. It’s a good
idea to record this information for later reference.
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Hardware Reference
37
Diagnostics
The switch software includes a set of diagnostic programs that perform basic
checks of all system components. These diagnostics do not run with normal
operating code and require that the system be totally dedicated to their use.
The switch does not perform switching operations when diagnostics are
running.
Caution Diagnostics are designed to be run by service personnel only. This
section is not intended as a guide to the diagnostics software. Detailed
knowledge of how the switch hardwre functions is necessary in order to
effectively use these diagrnostic programs. For more information, contact your
authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
To enable diagnostics mode:
1.
Connect a terminal to the RS-232 terminal port (ASYN0).
Using a terminal cable, connect a terminal to the RS-232 port (ASYN0) on
the switch. See “Cables” on page 14 for more information on terminal
cables. Set the terminal communication parameters to the following:
2.
•
Baud rate: 9600
•
Data bits: 8
•
Parity: None
•
Stop bits: 1
•
Flow control: Hardware
Restart the switch.
Restart the switch, either by using a pen or pencil to operate the recessed
RESET button on the switch’s front panel, or by using the terminal to log in
and enter the command:
restart reboot
See “To log In” on page 23 for more information on how to log in.
3.
Enable diagnostics mode during start-up.
During the switch startup process, at the prompt:
Force EPROM download (Y)?
press [Ctrl/D] on the terminal to enter diagnostics mode. The following
menu is displayed. When you see the menu, you know that the terminal is
connected.
* * * Diagnostic Mode * * *
version 16-Mar-98
Main Menu:
0. Restart
1. Full RAM test
2. ROM checksum test
3. Full FLASH test
4. Totally Erase FLASH
5. Battery backed RAM test
Enter selection ==>
C613-03059-00 REV F
38
AT-9800 Series Switch
Warning Performing a full flash test or erasing flash will delete all
configuration and release files. Make sure you know how to reload these files
before erasing flash or performing a flash test.
To run a diagnostic program, enter the corresponding letter or number (or key).
There are several sub-menus to cover all the available options. Control keys for
diagnostic operations are shown in the following table.
Key
Function
Q
Quits test that are running tests and displays the banner page.
S
Prints a summary of test results so far.
A reasonable understanding of the system’s structure is needed to operate
diagnostics and interpret the results.
To restore the switch to normal operation, use a pen or pencil to operate the
recessed RESET button on the front panel, or press “0” (zero) to restart.
For More Information
Documentation Set
The Documentation and Tools CD-ROM bundled with each switch contains the
complete document set for AT-9800 Series switches and their expansion
options, as well as tools for switch management. The CD-ROM includes:
■
The AT-9800 Series Statutory and Safety Information booklet, which includes
important safety information and statutory declarations for AT-9800 Series
switches.
■
The AT-RPS9000 Statutory and Safety Information booklet, which includes
important safety information and statutory declarations for the
AT-RPS9000 chassis and AT-PWR9000 power unit.
■
The AT-9800 Series Switch Quick Install Guide, which outlines the procedure
for installing AT-9800 Series switchs.
■
The AT-RPS9000 & AT-PWR9000 Quick Install Guide, which outlines the
procedure for installing AT-RPS9000 chassis and AT-PWR9000 power
units.
■
The AT-9800 Series Switch AlliedWare™ Operating System Software Reference,
which provides detailed information on configuring the switch and its
software.
■
The CAM Quick Install Guide, which outlines the procedure for installing
Content Addressable Memory.
■
AT-TFTP Server for Windows, for downloading software releases.
■
Adobe Acrobat Reader, for viewing online documentation.
You can also download these documents and updates from
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
C613-03059-00 REV F
Hardware Reference
Viewing
documentation on
the CD-ROM
39
1.
Insert the Documentation and Tools CD in the CD-ROM drive.
If the browser menu does not appear, select Run from the Start menu. Then
type d:\start.exe (where d: is the CD-ROM drive) in the text box, and click
the OK button.
2.
Install Adobe Acrobat Reader from the CD if necessary. It must be installed
in order to view the documentation.
3.
To view a specific document, click the document title.
4.
To browse PDF documents, use any of the following to page through a
document:
•
toolbar buttons, such as the Next Page button
•
keyboard shortcuts, such as arrow keys
•
commands from the Document menu
•
mouse wheel
To go to a specific section or topic, click a bookmark, thumbnail, or
hypertext link.
Use the Search command to search for keywords or phrases.
For more information about using the Adobe Acrobat Reader, select Adobe
Reader Help from the Help menu.
5.
Contacting Us
C613-03059-00 REV F
To install one of the tools from the CD, click the link on the browser menu.
With locations covering all of the established markets in North America, Latin
America and Europe, Allied Telesis provides localized sales and technical
support worldwide. To find our representative nearest you, visit Allied Telesis
on the web at www.alliedtelesis.com.
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