Acetylene

Acetylene
Material Safety Data Sheet
Acetylene
Section 1. Chemical product and company identification
Product name
Supplier
: Acetylene
: AIRGAS INC., on behalf of its subsidiaries
259 North Radnor-Chester Road
Suite 100
Radnor, PA 19087-5283
1-610-687-5253
Product use
Synonym
MSDS #
Date of
Preparation/Revision
In case of emergency
:
:
:
:
Synthetic/Analytical chemistry.
Ethyne; Ethine; Narcylen; C2H2; Acetylen; UN 1001; Vinylene
001001
4/8/2008.
: 1-866-734-3438
Section 2. Hazards identification
Physical state
Emergency overview
Target organs
: Gas.
: WARNING!
FLAMMABLE GAS.
MAY CAUSE FLASH FIRE.
MAY CAUSE TARGET ORGAN DAMAGE, BASED ON ANIMAL DATA.
CONTENTS UNDER PRESSURE.
Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not puncture or incinerate container. May
cause target organ damage, based on animal data. Use only with adequate ventilation.
Keep container closed.
Contact with rapidly expanding gases can cause frostbite.
: May cause damage to the following organs: upper respiratory tract, central nervous
system (CNS).
: Inhalation
Routes of entry
Potential acute health effects
Eyes
: Contact with rapidly expanding gas may cause burns or frostbite.
Skin
: Contact with rapidly expanding gas may cause burns or frostbite.
Inhalation
: Acts as a simple asphyxiant.
Ingestion
Potential chronic health
effects
: Ingestion is not a normal route of exposure for gases
Medical conditions
aggravated by overexposure
: Pre-existing disorders involving any target organs mentioned in this MSDS as being at
risk may be aggravated by over-exposure to this product.
: CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
See toxicological information (section 11)
Section 3. Composition, Information on Ingredients
Name
Acetylene
Build 1.1
CAS number
74-86-2
% Volume
100
Exposure limits
NIOSH REL (United States, 12/2001).
CEIL: 2662 mg/m³
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Acetylene
Section 4. First aid measures
No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable training.If it is suspected that fumes are still present,
the rescuer should wear an appropriate mask or self-contained breathing apparatus.It may be dangerous to the person
providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
Eye contact
: Check for and remove any contact lenses. Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water
for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical
attention immediately.
Skin contact
: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes
while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. To avoid the risk of static discharges
and gas ignition, soak contaminated clothing thoroughly with water before removing it.
Wash clothing before reuse. Clean shoes thoroughly before reuse. Get medical
attention immediately.
Frostbite
Inhalation
: Try to warm up the frozen tissues and seek medical attention.
: Move exposed person to fresh air. If not breathing, if breathing is irregular or if
respiratory arrest occurs, provide artificial respiration or oxygen by trained personnel.
Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical attention
immediately.
Ingestion
: As this product is a gas, refer to the inhalation section.
Section 5. Fire fighting measures
Flammability of the product
Auto-ignition temperature
Flash point
Flammable limits
Products of combustion
:
:
:
:
:
Flammable.
304.85°C (580.7°F)
Closed cup: -18.15°C (-0.7°F).
Lower: 2.5% Upper: 82%
Decomposition products may include the following materials:
carbon dioxide
carbon monoxide
Fire hazards in the presence : Extremely flammable in the presence of the following materials or conditions: open
flames, sparks and static discharge, heat and oxidizing materials.
of various substances
Fire-fighting media and
: In case of fire, use water spray (fog), foam or dry chemical.
instructions
In case of fire, allow gas to burn if flow cannot be shut off immediately. Apply water from
a safe distance to cool container and protect surrounding area. If involved in fire, shut
off flow immediately if it can be done without risk.
Contains gas under pressure. Flammable gas. In a fire or if heated, a pressure
increase will occur and the container may burst, with the risk of a subsequent explosion.
Special protective
: Fire-fighters should wear appropriate protective equipment and self-contained breathing
apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.
equipment for fire-fighters
Section 6. Accidental release measures
Personal precautions
Environmental precautions
Methods for cleaning up
Build 1.1
: Immediately contact emergency personnel. Keep unnecessary personnel away. Use
suitable protective equipment (section 8). Shut off gas supply if this can be done safely.
Isolate area until gas has dispersed.
: Avoid dispersal of spilled material and runoff and contact with soil, waterways, drains
and sewers.
: Immediately contact emergency personnel. Stop leak if without risk. Use spark-proof
tools and explosion-proof equipment. Note: see section 1 for emergency contact
information and section 13 for waste disposal.
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Acetylene
Section 7. Handling and storage
Handling
: Use only with adequate ventilation. Use explosion-proof electrical (ventilating, lighting
and material handling) equipment. High pressure gas. Do not puncture or incinerate
container. Use equipment rated for cylinder pressure. Close valve after each use and
when empty. Keep container closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. To avoid
fire, eliminate ignition sources. Protect cylinders from physical damage; do not drag, roll,
slide, or drop. Use a suitable hand truck for cylinder movement.
Storage
: Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Keep container tightly closed and sealed
until ready for use. Avoid all possible sources of ignition (spark or flame). Segregate
from oxidizing materials. Cylinders should be stored upright, with valve protection cap in
place, and firmly secured to prevent falling or being knocked over. Cylinder temperatures
should not exceed 52 °C (125 °F).
Section 8. Exposure controls/personal protection
Engineering controls
Personal protection
Eyes
Skin
Respiratory
Hands
Personal protection in case
of a large spill
: Use only with adequate ventilation. Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation or
other engineering controls to keep worker exposure to airborne contaminants below any
recommended or statutory limits. The engineering controls also need to keep gas, vapor
or dust concentrations below any lower explosive limits. Use explosion-proof ventilation
equipment.
: Safety eyewear complying with an approved standard should be used when a risk
assessment indicates this is necessary to avoid exposure to liquid splashes, mists,
gases or dusts.
: Personal protective equipment for the body should be selected based on the task being
performed and the risks involved and should be approved by a specialist before handling
this product.
: Use a properly fitted, air-purifying or air-fed respirator complying with an approved
standard if a risk assessment indicates this is necessary. Respirator selection must be
based on known or anticipated exposure levels, the hazards of the product and the safe
working limits of the selected respirator.
The applicable standards are (US) 29 CFR 1910.134 and (Canada) Z94.4-93
: Chemical-resistant, impervious gloves complying with an approved standard should be
worn at all times when handling chemical products if a risk assessment indicates this is
necessary.
: Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) should be used to avoid inhalation of the
product.
Product name
acetylene
NIOSH REL (United States, 12/2001).
CEIL: 2662 mg/m³
Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.
Section 9. Physical and chemical properties
Molecular weight
Molecular formula
Melting/freezing point
Critical temperature
Vapor pressure
Vapor density
Specific Volume (ft 3/lb)
Gas Density (lb/ft 3)
Build 1.1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
26.04 g/mole
C2-H2
Sublimation temperature: -81.8°C (-115.2°F)
35.3°C (95.5°F)
635 (psig)
0.9 (Air = 1)
14.7058
0.068
Page: 3/6
Acetylene
Section 10. Stability and reactivity
Stability and reactivity
Incompatibility with various
substances
Hazardous decomposition
products
Hazardous polymerization
: The product may undergo hazardous decomposition, condensation or polymerization,
react violently with water to emit toxic gases or become self-reactive under conditions of
shock or increase in temperature or pressure.
: Extremely reactive or incompatible with oxidizing agents
: Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous decomposition products should
not be produced.
: Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous polymerization will not occur.
Section 11. Toxicological information
Toxicity data
Chronic effects on humans
Other toxic effects on
humans
Specific effects
Carcinogenic effects
Mutagenic effects
Reproduction toxicity
: May cause damage to the following organs: upper respiratory tract, central nervous
system (CNS).
: No specific information is available in our database regarding the other toxic effects of
this material to humans.
: No known significant effects or critical hazards.
: No known significant effects or critical hazards.
: No known significant effects or critical hazards.
Section 12. Ecological information
Aquatic ecotoxicity
Not available.
Products of degradation
Environmental fate
Environmental hazards
Toxicity to the environment
:
:
:
:
Products of degradation: carbon oxides (CO, CO2) and water.
Not available.
No known significant effects or critical hazards.
Not available.
Section 13. Disposal considerations
Product removed from the cylinder must be disposed of in accordance with appropriate Federal, State, local
regulation.Return cylinders with residual product to Airgas, Inc.Do not dispose of locally.
Section 14. Transport information
Regulatory
information
UN number
Proper shipping
name
Class
Packing group
DOT Classification
UN1001
ACETYLENE,
DISSOLVED
2.1
Not applicable (gas).
Label
FLAMMABLE GAS
2
Additional
information
Limited
quantity
Yes.
Packaging
instruction
Passenger
aircraft
Quantity
limitation:
Forbidden.
Cargo aircraft
Quantity
limitation: 15
kg
Build 1.1
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Acetylene
TDG Classification
UN1001
ACETYLENE,
DISSOLVED
2.1
Not applicable (gas).
2
Explosive
Limit and
Limited
Quantity
Index
0
Passenger
Carrying Ship
Index
75
Passenger
Carrying
Road or Rail
Index
Forbidden
Special
provisions
38, 42
Mexico
Classification
UN1001
ACETYLENE,
DISSOLVED
2.1
Not applicable (gas).
FLAMMABLE GAS
2
Section 15. Regulatory information
United States
U.S. Federal regulations
State regulations
Build 1.1
: United States inventory (TSCA 8b): This material is listed or exempted.
SARA 302/304/311/312 extremely hazardous substances: No products were found.
SARA 302/304 emergency planning and notification: No products were found.
SARA 302/304/311/312 hazardous chemicals: acetylene
SARA 311/312 MSDS distribution - chemical inventory - hazard identification:
acetylene: Fire hazard, reactive, Sudden release of pressure, Immediate (acute) health
hazard
Clean Water Act (CWA) 307: No products were found.
Clean Water Act (CWA) 311: No products were found.
Clean Air Act (CAA) 112 accidental release prevention: acetylene
Clean Air Act (CAA) 112 regulated flammable substances: acetylene
Clean Air Act (CAA) 112 regulated toxic substances: No products were found.
: Connecticut Carcinogen Reporting: This material is not listed.
Connecticut Hazardous Material Survey: This material is not listed.
Florida substances: This material is not listed.
Illinois Chemical Safety Act: This material is not listed.
Illinois Toxic Substances Disclosure to Employee Act: This material is not listed.
Louisiana Reporting: This material is not listed.
Louisiana Spill: This material is not listed.
Massachusetts Spill: This material is not listed.
Massachusetts Substances: This material is listed.
Michigan Critical Material: This material is not listed.
Minnesota Hazardous Substances: This material is not listed.
New Jersey Hazardous Substances: This material is listed.
New Jersey Spill: This material is not listed.
New Jersey Toxic Catastrophe Prevention Act: This material is not listed.
New York Acutely Hazardous Substances: This material is not listed.
New York Toxic Chemical Release Reporting: This material is not listed.
Pennsylvania RTK Hazardous Substances: This material is listed.
Rhode Island Hazardous Substances: This material is not listed.
Page: 5/6
Acetylene
Canada
WHMIS (Canada)
: Class A: Compressed gas.
Class B-1: Flammable gas.
Class F: Dangerously reactive material.
CEPA Toxic substances: This material is not listed.
Canadian ARET: This material is not listed.
Canadian NPRI: This material is listed.
Alberta Designated Substances: This material is not listed.
Ontario Designated Substances: This material is not listed.
Quebec Designated Substances: This material is not listed.
Section 16. Other information
United States
Label requirements
Canada
Label requirements
Hazardous Material
Information System (U.S.A.)
National Fire Protection
Association (U.S.A.)
: FLAMMABLE GAS.
MAY CAUSE FLASH FIRE.
MAY CAUSE TARGET ORGAN DAMAGE, BASED ON ANIMAL DATA.
CONTENTS UNDER PRESSURE.
: Class A: Compressed gas.
Class B-1: Flammable gas.
Class F: Dangerously reactive material.
: Health
*
1
Flammability
4
Physical hazards
3
:
Flammability
4
Health
1
3
Instability
Special
Notice to reader
To the best of our knowledge, the information contained herein is accurate. However, neither the above-named
supplier, nor any of its subsidiaries, assumes any liability whatsoever for the accuracy or completeness of the
information contained herein.
Final determination of suitability of any material is the sole responsibility of the user. All materials may present
unknown hazards and should be used with caution. Although certain hazards are described herein, we cannot
guarantee that these are the only hazards that exist.
Build 1.1
Page: 6/6
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