Yamaha X2500 Owner's manual

Yamaha X2500 Owner's manual
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Congratulations!
You are the proud owner of a Yamaha PortaTone. Your
PortaTone is a high-quality musical instrument that
incorporates advanced Yamaha digital technology and
many versatile features. In order to obtain maximum per-
formance and enjoyment from your PortaTone, we urge
you to read this Owner's Guide thoroughly while trying
out the various features described. Keep the Owner's
Guide in a safe place for later reference.
— CONTENTS ——
1.BEFORE YOU BEGIN .................... 02.00 2
Power Supply N 2
Using Batteries .......................eeiicecoo een eee 2
Using an Optional Power Adaptor ......................... 2
Remove the Protective Film ..........................00m re... 2
Setting Up the Music Stand ................ ennenenenineenneanene 2
Taking Care of Your PortaTone ............................. 2
2. NOMENCLATURE .........................eeame e .... 3
Top Panel Controls .......................22ee0e es 3
Rear Panel Connectors ......................0.0ereie DD 5
3. ENJOY THE DEMONSTRATION -.......................... 6
4. SELECTING AND PLAYING VOICES ................. 7
Selecting a Voice .....................eveerreee eee. 7
Adjusting the Volume ...........................eesem0000ee 7
Using the Roll Bar ......................e...0me eee einen eee. 7
Adding Effects .....................emeeeciiia nene eee. 8
Transposition: Shifting Pitch in Semitone Steps ....... 9
Tuning: Fine Pitch Control ...........................een ie... 9
The SPLIT Mode: Separate Left-and
Right-hand Voices .…….…..…..….…..….....……sercssrsanenssces 9
Alternative Split Point Selection 10
5. USING THE ACCOMPANIMENT SECTION ..... 11
Rhythm Accompaniment .......................e......... 11
Selecting an Accompaniment Style ........................ 11
Adjusting the Accompaniment Volume ................... 11
Setting the Tempo ....................eree0000erirere e 11
Starting the Accompaniment ................................. 12
Starting the Accompaniment
with an Introduction ...................e.....eeeemeeonenee nes 12
Adding Fil-ins .......................e.erererereer ene ee 12
Stopping the Accompaniment ....................=........
Auto Bass Chord Accompaniment .................
Single Finger Accompaniment ......................=....
Setting the Accompaniment Volume .................
Setting the Tempo ..........................arecierererne
Selecting Playback of Specific Parts .................
Fingered Accompaniment
Solo Styleplay .……...…..….….........….nrassasensarersnsassnaasens
6. X2500 PERCUSSION
The Synchro Break Function .................e ee...
The Custom Drummer ....................ee...errreccereeceees
Creating an Original Rhythm Pattern ................
Playing Back Your Custom Rhythm Pattern .....
7. THE MUSIC PROGRAMMER ............................
Recording .........................e.eeereecee ree DD
Recording Accompaniment and Performance
Simultaneously ..........................=...eeecre es
Recording the Accompaniment and
Performance Separately ......................e...emece...
Playback .................e.....rerecerenace reee nee e een.
8. MIDI FUNCTIÓNS coe
Simple MIDI Control ....................2. 2... een.
MIDI Sequence Recording .......................=eeee....
X2500 MID! Settings € Functions ....................
9. OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES .............................
10. SPECIFICATIONS .......oo eres
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1. BEFORE YOU BEGIN
Power Supply
Your X2500 will run either from batteries or the optional
power adaptor. Follow the instructions below according to the
power source you intend to use.
Using Batteries
Six 1.5V SUM-1, "D" size, R—20 or equivalent alkaline batter-
ies (sold separately) must first be installed in the X2500 bat-
tery compartment.
1. Open the battery compartment cover located on the
instrument's bottom panel.
2. Insert the six batteries, being careful to follow the polari-
ty markings on the inside of the compartment.
3. Replace the compartment cover, making sure that it
locks firmly in place.
" “Caution:
1. When the batteries run down, replace them with a com-
plete set of six new batteries. NEVER mix old and new
batteries.
2. To prevent possible damage due to battery leakage,
remove the batteries from the instrument if it is not to
be used for an extended period of time.
Using an Optional Power Adaptor
For AC Mains Power
Use ONLY a Yamaha PA-4 or PA-40 AC Adaptor to power
your instrument from the AC mains. Refer to "Rear—panel
Jacks" on page 5 for more details.
For Car Battery Power
The Yamaha CA-1 Car Battery Adaptor plugs into your car
cigarette lighter socket, providing power to your instrument
from the car battery.
Refer to "Rear—panel Jacks" on page 5 for more details.
Remove the Protective Film
Before using your instrument, please remove the protective
film covering the display section.
Setting Up the Music Stand
Insert the two pegs protruding from the bottom edge of the
music stand into the two holes located at the top of the
X2500 control panel.
Taking Care of Your PortaTone
Your PortaTone will remain in excellent playing condition if
care is taken concerning the following.
1. When you use AC power, be sure to use the optional
AC Power PA—4/PA-40 adaptor. Before use, read the
adaptor instructions carefully.
In particular, please note that in some cases the
РА-4/РА-40 15 provided with a voltage selector, so con-
firm that this selector is correctly set.
2. The optional car battery adaptor CA-1 is only for use
with a negative ground 12V battery. Ensure that this is
the case before connecting the adaptor.
3. Connections made between the PortaTone and any
other device should be made with both units turned off.
4. DO not set the MASTER VOLUME control at MAX when
you connect the PotaTone to a stereo system. Use the
stereo system's volume control to adjust the sound
- level.
5. Avoid placing the instrument in excessively humid
areas.
6. Do not subject the unit to physical shock, and avoid
placing anything heavy on it.
7. The PortaTone should not be placed in direct sunlight
for a long time.
8. Do not place the instrument near any heating appliance,
or leave it inside a car in direct sunlight for any length of
time. Direct sunshine can raise the interior temperature
of a car with closed doors and windows to as high as
80°C. Temperatures in excess of 60°C can cause physi-
cal and/or electrical damage not covered by warranty.
9. Use a dry or damp cloth for cleaning.
10. When you aren't using the PortaTone, we recommend
keeping it in the case to protect it.
2. NOMENCLATURE
Top Panel Controls
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(1) POWER Switch (page 6)
(2) MASTER VOLUME Control (page 6)
(3 AUTO BASS CHORD Selector (page 9, 13 and 14)
(4) VOICE Display (page 7)
(5) VOICE LIST (page 7)
(6) VOICE SELECT Buttons (page 7)
(7) Volce VOLUME Buttons (page 7)
DEMONSTRATION Button (page 6)
(9) ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE LIST (page 11)
(0 ACCOMPANIMENT PART Buttons (page 14)
| аа o er que quee Ta ‚
dD ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE SELECT Buttons
(page 11)
(2 TEMPO Controls (page 11)
(3 Accompaniment VOLUME Controls (page 11)
1) ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE/BEAT/TEMPO Display
(page 9, 11 and 12)
(9 PITCH BEND Roller (page 8)
(19) ROLL BAR (page 7)
(7 SUSTAIN 1 and SUSTAIN 2 Effect Buttons (page 8)
(9 DUAL VOICE Button (page 8)
(9 LOWER Button (page 10)
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29 TRANSPOSE Buttons (page 9)
@) PITCH Buttons (page 9)
02 INTRO/FILL IN Buttons (page 12)
23 INTROJENDING Button (page 12)
@) SYNCHRO START Button (page 12)
@ START Button (page 12)
29 STOP Button (page 12)
(27 CUSTOM DRUMMER Buttons (page 16)
09) Auto Bass Chord Keys (page 9)
29 SOLO STYLEPLAY Button (page 15)
0) Percussion Pads (page 16)
A) Percussion Variation Buttons (page 16)
@2 SYNCHRO BREAK Button (page 16)
09 Percussion Accent Key (>) (page 17)
07) Percussion CANCEL Key (page 17)
65 MUSIC PROGRAMMER Buttons (page 18 and 20)
65 MIDI Button (page 22)
Rear Panel Connectors
39
@D DC IN (9-12V) Jack
The DC output cord from the optional Yamaha
PA-4/PA-40 Power Adaptor should be plugged in here
when the X2500 is to powered from the AC mains supply
(refer to "Power Supply” on page 2 for more details).
09 HEADPHONES/AUX. OUT Jack
A standard pair of stereo headphones can be plugged in
here for private practice or late—night playing. The internal
speaker system is automatically shut off when a pair of
headphones is plugged into the HEADPHONE jack. The
HEAD-PHONES/AUX. OUT jack can also be used to
deliver the output of the X2500 to a keyboard amplifier,
stereo hi-fi system, mixing console or tape recorder. (refer
to page 24)
* Use a relatively low MASTER VOLUME control setting
when connecting the X2500 to a stereo sound system.
Use the stereo system's volume control to adjust vol-
ume.
39 G7
@9 MIDI IN and OUT Connectors
The MIDI IN connector receives MIDI data from an exter- 4
nal MIDI device which can be used to control the X2500.
The MIDI OUT connector transmits MIDI data generated
by the X2500 (e.g. note and velocity data produced by
playing the keyboard).
More details on MIDI are given in "MIDI FUNCTIONS" on
page 21.
3. ENJOY THE DEMONSTRATION
To give you an idea of the X2500's sophisticated capabilities, 3. Press the DEMONSTRATION Button
it is programmed with a demonstration sequence which plays The demonstration music will begin playing as soon as
automatically while demonstrating a number of the instru- you press the DEMONSTRATION button.
ment's voices. The demonstration will play continuously, providing
1. Switch ON samples of different voices and accompaniment styles,
Slide the POWER switch O to the ON position. The until the DEMONSTRATION button is pressed a second
VOICE and ACCOMPANIMENT displays will light when time or the STOP button @) is pressed.
the power is ON.
POWER DEMONSTRATION
5
она. * A different voice, tempo, transposition or other parameter
ne 4 can be selected at any time while the demonstration is
playing (refer to the appropriate sections of this manual for
instructions). Such changes, however, will only remain in
effect until the next automatic voice.
2. Set an Initial Volume Level
Slide the MASTER VOLUME control (2) to a position
about half way between the "MIN" and "MAX" setting.
You can set this control for the most comfortable volume
level after playback begins.
MASTER
VOLUME
=
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MIN
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4. SELECTING AND PLAYING VOICES
Selecting a Voice
The X2500 provides two methods of selecting any of its 100
voices:
1) Choose one of the 100 voices — numbered "00" through
"99" — shown on the VOICE LIST (5) then enter its
number using the numbered VOICE SELECT buttons
(6). To select XYLOPHONE (number 12), for example,
first press "1" and then "2". The number "12" should
then be displayed on the VOICE display (4).
2) The + and — buttons in the VOICE SELECT group can
be used to increment (increase by one) or decrement
(decrease by one) the current voice number. Press the
+ button briefly to select the voice one number higher
than the current voice, or the — button to select the voice
one number lower than the current voice.
if you hold the + or — button down,
the voice number will increment or decrement continu-
ously — simply release the button when the desired
voice number has been reached.
VOICE SELECT
| |
Ja
Ja)
JJ
Ja]
—
F
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VOICE VOICE
ou) ~ (99
The selected voice can now be played on the instrumen-
t's keyboard.
* When the power is initially turned ON, the PIANO 1 voice is
automatically selected and its number ("00") is shown on
the VOICE display (4) .
CI
Adjusting the Volume
Adjust the MASTER VOLUME control (2) while playing to set
the desired overall volume level. The ROLL BAR (9
(described below) can be used for volume expression con-
trol.
The VOICE VOLUME A and Y buttons can also be used to
adjust the volume of the selected voice in relation to the
accompaniment (to be described later). Press the A button to
increase the volume, or the Y button to decrease the vol-
ume. The selected volume level will be displayed on the
VOICE display while the volume is being adjusted, and for
approximately 3 seconds after either VOLUME button is
released.
The volume range is from 1 to 9, with 1 being the lowest vol-
ume and 9 the highest. The highest volume value can be
recalied at any time by pressing both the VOICE VOLUME
4 and Y buttons (7) at the same time (the volume is auto-
matically set to 9 whenever the power switch is turned ON).
VOLUME
==
VOICE VOICE
The X2500 features 8—note polyphony, so up to 8 notes
can be played on the keyboard simultaneously when the
automatic accompaniment, split, or dual voice features of
this instrument are not used. The above mentioned fea-
tures all reduce the number of available notes.
Using the Roll Bar
The "ROLL BAR" located below the keyboard can be used
for volume expression (swell) control. The elongated roll bar
configuration makes it easy to operate the ROLL BAR with
the right or left palm while playing. Roll the bar away from
you to increase volume, or toward you to decrease volume.
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* The minimum ROLL BAR position does not turn the sound
all the way off. Expression can be controlled over a limited
portion of the upper volume range. The maximum volume
achievable is determined by the setting of the MASTER
VOLUME control.
* The ROLL BAR affects the volume of percussion, chords,
etc., in addition to material played on the keyboard. It does
not affect demonstration playback.
Adding Effects
SUSTAIN:
The X2500 offers two sustain effects — SUSTAIN 1 and
SUSTAIN 2. Press the SUSTAIN 1 or SUSTAIN 2 button (7)
once (the corresponding indicator will light) and notes
played on the keyboard will decay gradually after you lift
your fingers from the keys. Press the SUSTAIN 1 or SUS-
TAIN 2 button a second time (it's indicator will go out) to
turn the sustain effect off. The SUSTAIN 2 button produces
a longer sustain effect than the SUSTAIN 1 button, although
the actual length of the SUSTAIN 1 and SUSTAIN 2 effects
varies from voice to voice.
O SUSTAIN 1
J
@ SUSTAIN 2
“=
* SUSTAIN 1 and SUSTAIN 2 cannot be selected simulta-
neously.
* The SUSTAIN effects cannot be applied to accompani-
ment or rhythm,
DUAL VOICE:
The DUAL VOICE feature makes it possible to select and
play two different voices simultaneously. To activate the
DUAL VOICE feature press the DUAL VOICE button (18)
(the DUAL VOICE button indicator will light). When the
DUAL VOICE feature is ON, the last two voices selected
will sound simultaneously. For example, if you selected
PIANO 1 and then HARP, the PIANO 1 and HARP voices
will be combined. If you then select the VIBES voice, HARP
and VIBES will be combined, and so on. Of course, if you
turn the DUAL VOICE feature OFF (by pressing the DUAL
VOICE button a second time), only the last selected voice
will sound.
@ DUAL VOICE
N
* DUAL VOICE cannot be applied to accompaniment or
rhythm,
* When DUAL VOICE is ON, the number of notes that can
be played simultaneously is reduced by half.
* If DUAL VOICE is used when the SPLIT mode is selected
(see page 9), the effect applies to both the upper and
lower voices.
PITCH BEND:
The PITCH BEND Roller 05) located to the left of the key-
board offers extra expressive control by allowing you to
manually "bend" (raise or lower) the pitch of the selected
performance voice. Rotating the PITCH BEND Roiler away
from you raises pitch, while moving it toward you lowers
pitch. When released, the PITCH BEND Roller automatical-
ly returns to the center (normal pitch) position. The total
pitch bend range is approximately +200 cents (100 cents =
one semitone).
* The PITCH BEND effect cannot be applied to accompa-
niment or rhythm, or the lower voice in the SPLIT mode.
Transposition: Shifting Pitch in Semitone
Steps
The X2500 TRANSPOSE function makes it possible to shift
the pitch of the entire keyboard up or down in semitone
intervals up to a maximum of six semitones. "Transposing"
the pitch of the X2500 keyboard makes it easier to play in
difficult key signatures, and you can simply match the pitch
of the keyboard to the range of a singer or other instrumen-
talist.
The TRANSPOSE A and ¥ buttons @)) used for transposi-
tion. Press the A button to increase the pitch of the key-
board, or the Y button to lower the pitch. The selected
degree of transposition will be displayed on the ACCOMPA-
NIMENT STYLE/BEAT/TEMPO display (4) while the
TRANSPOSE 4 or Y button is pressed, and for approxi-
mately 3 seconds after either TRANSPOSE button is
released.
The transposition range is from —6 to 6, with —6 correspond-
ing to downward transposition by 6 semitones, and 6 corre-
sponding to upward transposition by 6 semitones (see chart
below). O is the "normal" keyboard pitch value. The normal
transpose value (0) can be recalled at any time by pressing
both the TRANSPOSE 4 and Y buttons at the same time
(the transpose value is automatically set to O whenever the
power switch is turned ON).
TRANSPOSE
TQ
EX
ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE
-36~[ 00~[ 06
BEAT Ad Ae
TEMPO TEMPO TEMPO
| Dispiay| Transposition | Display | Transposition
08 -6 semitones | +1 semitone
05 | -5 semitones +2 semitones
vu | —4 semitones +3 semitones
oa +4 semitones
- 03. | -3 semitones
-2 semitones +5 semitones
-1 semitone +6 semitones
Tuning: Fine Pitch Control
Pitch control makes it possible to tune the X2500 over a
+50-cent range in approximately 3—cent intervals. A hun-
dred "cents" equals one semitone, so the tuning range pro-
vided allows fine tuning of overall pitch over a range of
approximately a semitone. Pitch control is useful for tuning
the X2500 to match other instruments or recorded music.
Press the PITCH A button 2) to tune up, or the PITCH Y
button to tune down. The selected degree of tuning will be
displayed on the ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE/BEAT/
TEMPO display (4 while the PITCH A or Y button is
pressed, and for approximately 3 seconds after either
PITCH button is released.
The transposition range is from —16 to 16, with —16 corre-
sponding to downward tuning by approximately 50 cents
(one quarter tone), and 16 corresponding to upward trans-
position by approximately 50 cents.
0 is the "normal" pitch value, at which the A3 key (the À
above middle C) produces "concert pitch": 440 Hertz. The
normal pitch value (0) can be recalled at any time by press-
ing both the PITCH 4 and Y buttons at the same time (the
pitch value is automatically set to 0 whenever the power
switch is turned ON).
PITCH
EX
ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE
| 5 - JU > | 5
BEAT BEAT Ll BEAT
TEMPO TEMPO TEMPO
The SPLIT Mode: Separate Left- and
Right-hand Voices
The X2500 allows you to play two voices at once — one
with the left hand and one with the right. The lower voice
can be played on the Auto Bass Chord keys, up to the "J"
marking immediately above the keyboard. The "_]" marking
is called the SPLIT POINT. |
* An alternative split point is also available. See "Alternative
Split Point Selection”, below.
1. Select the SPLIT Mode
Slide the AUTO BASS CHORD selector (3) to the
SPLIT position.
AUTO BASS
CHORD
SPLIT we
FINGERED ==
SINGLE =
FINGER
OFF =
2. Press the LOWER Button (9
The LOWER button LED will light, indicating that is now
possible to select a voice for the lower keyboard (i.e. the
Auto Bass Chord key section).
5. Lower and Upper Voice Volume Control
In the SPLIT mode, the volume of the lower keyboard
voice is controlled by the VOICE VOLUME buttons (7)
when the LOWER button indicator (9) is lit, and the vol-
ume of the upper voice is controlled by the VOICE VOL-
UME buttons when the LOWER button indicator is out.
Use the LOWER button to select the desired mode for
volume control.
* In the SPLIT mode, the maximum number of notes that
can be played simultaneously on the upper keyboard is 4.
This number is further reduced, however, if the DUAL
effect is used.
* If the SPLIT mode is selected when the power switch (1) is
turned ON, the PIANO 1 (00) voice is automatically select-
ed for both the upper and lower keyboard.
@ LOWER
=
3. Select the Lower Voice
Select the lower voice using the normal voice-selection
procedure. The number of the selected voice will appear
on the VOICE display (1) (if the DUAL effect is selected,
you can select two voices one after the other). Once the
lower voice(s) has been selected, the VOICE display will
revert to the upper voice number in about 5 seconds. Alternative Split Point Selection
Normally the split point is automatically set at the "TJ" symbol
(between the F#2 and G2 keys), as described above. An
alternative split point is provided between the G#2 and A2
keys, however, and this can be selected by moving the
AUTO BASS CHORD selector to any position other than
"OFF" while holding the G#2 key.
4. To Select an Upper Keyboard Voice
Press the LOWER button (9) so that the LOWER button
LED goes out, then select the desired upper voice (if the
DUAL effect is selected, you can select two voices one
after the other).
Try playing this in the Split mode.
(A Little Brown Jug)
Play the bass part on the lower keyboard section and the melody part on the upper keyboard.
Panel Settings
Accompaniment Style: 35 Big Band 3
Tempo: 120
AUTO BASS CHORD Selector: SPLIT position
Upper Voice: 30 Clarinet
Lower Voice: 67 Slap Bass
с Е G F G С
Melody
Bass
10
11
5. USING THE ACCOMPANIMENT SECTION
Rhythm Accompaniment
Selecting an Accompaniment Style
The X2500 provides two methods of selecting any of its 100
accompaniment styles:
1) Choose one of the 100 accompaniment styles — num-
bered "00" through "99" — shown on the ACCOMPANI-
MENT STYLE LIST (9) then enter its number using the
numbered ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE SELECT buttons
dD . To select GOSPEL (number 28), for example, first
press "2" and then "8." The number "28" should then be
displayed on the ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE/BEAT/
TEMPO display (9) .
2) The + and — buttons in the ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE
SELECT group can be used to increment (increase by
one) or decrement (decrease by one) the current
accompaniment style number. Press the + button briefly
to select the accompaniment style one number higher
than the current accompaniment style, or the — button to
select the accompaniment style one number lower than
the current accompaniment style. If you hold the + or —
button down, the accompaniment style number will
increment or decrement continuously — simply release
the button when the desired accompaniment style num-
ber has been reached.
ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE SELECT
A я
Ja
CIEE]
CEE)
\ J
ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE
LOG - 99
TEMPO TEMPO
* When the power is initially turned ON, the DISCO accom-
paniment style is automatically selected and its number
("00") is shown on the ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE/BEAT/
TEMPO display.
* Only one accompaniment style can be selected at a time.
Adjusting the Accompaniment Volume
Although the MASTER VOLUME control and ROLL BAR
@) can be used to set the overall volume level, the ACCOM-
PANIMENT VOLUME 4 and Y buttons 03 can also be used
to adjust the volume of the selected accompaniment in rela-
tion to the performance voice. Press the A button to
increase the volume, or the Y button to decrease the vol-
ume. The selected volume level will be displayed on the
ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE/BEAT/ TEMPO display (4 while
the volume is being adjusted, and for approximately 3 sec-
onds after either VOLUME button is released.
The volume range is from 0 to 9, with 1 being the lowest vol-
ume and 9 the highest. No accompaniment sound is pro-
duced if the volume value is set to 0. The highest volume
value can be recalled at any time by pressing both the
ACCOMPANIMENT VOLUME A and ¥ buttons {3 at the
same time (the volume is automatically set to 9 whenever
the power switch is turned ON).
VOLUME
ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE
8-15
TEMPO TEMPO
Setting the Tempo
Press the TEMPO A button (12 to increase the tempo, or the
TEMPO ¥ button (2 to decrease the tempo. The selected
tempo will be displayed on the ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE/
BEAT/TEMPO display (4) (in quarter-note beats per minute)
while the TEMPO A or ¥ button is pressed, and for approxi-
mately 3 seconds after either TEMPO button is released.
The available tempo range is from 40 to 280 beats per
minute. Each accompaniment style has a different "normal"
tempo which is automatically set whenever a new style is
selected (but not when a new style is selected while the
accompaniment is playing). The normal tempo for the cur-
rently selected accompaniment style can be recalled at any
time by pressing both the TEMPO A and Y buttons (2) at
the same time (the tempo is automatically set to the normal
value for the DISCO style whenever the power switch is
turned ON).
TEMPO
=
ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE
ul ~ 280
BEAT mn LI BEAT AL
TEMPO TEMPO
* It is also possible to adjust the tempo after starting play-
back of the accompaniment. This allows you to set the opti-
mum tempo by ear.
Starting the Accompaniment
Press the START button @ to start the selected accompani-
ment immediately, or press the SYNCHRO START button 29
if you want the accompaniment to start when you play the
first note on the keyboard. If you press the SYNCHRO
START button, the leftmost dot in the ACCOMPANIMENT
STYLE/BEAT/TEMPO display (9) will flash at the selected
tempo.
SYNCHRO
START START
0
* The three LED dots at the bottom of the ACCOMPANI-
MENT STYLE/BEAT/TEMPOQ display (4 provide a visual
indication of the selected tempo as follows:
FIRST MEASURE
1st BEAT 2nd BEAT 3rd BEAT 4th BEAT
—> — > —> ——>
— T= = wr TT
SECOND MEASURE
1st BEAT 2nd BEAT 3rd BEAT 4th BEAT
— — — = — —_—
ts Al ILL 7 — 7
* If the AUTO BASS CHORD selector (3) is set to OFF, the
accompaniment will consist only of rhythm (drums & per-
cussion) sounds. Operation of the AUTO BASS CHORD
SINGLE FINGER and FINGERED modes is described on
page 13 and 14.
A different accompaniment style can be selected at any
time while the accompaniment is playing.
*
Starting the Accompaniment with an
Introduction
Any of the X2500 accompaniment patterns can be started
with a 1-measure introductory pattern by pressing either the
INTRO./FILL IN 1, INTRO./FILL IN 2 or INTRO./FILL IN 3
button @ before pressing the START @9 or SYNCHRO
START @ button. The INTRO./ENDING button (03 pro-
duces a 2-measure introduction.
ENDING
INTRO. INTRO./ INTRO./
FILL IN FILL IN FILL IN
1 2 3
Adding Fill-ins
To add a fill-in (rhythm variation) at any time while the
accompaniment is playing, press the INTRO./FILL IN 1,
INTRO./FILL IN 2 or INTRO./FILL IN 3 button 02. The
fillHns have a maximum length of one measure, but the
actual length depends on precisely when in the current mea-
sure you press a FILL IN button (i.e. the fill-in lasts from the
point at which the button is pressed until the end of the cur-
rent measure). You can stop a fill-in pattern before the cur-
rent measure by pressing the FILL IN button a second time.
if you hold one of the FILL IN buttons, the fill-in pattern will
repeat until the button is released.
INTRO. INTRO./ INTRO
FILL IN FILL IN FILL IN
1 2 3
Stopping the Accompaniment
An accompaniment in progress can be stopped immediately
by pressing the STOP button 26) , or it can be stopped with a
two-measure ending by pressing the INTRO./ENDING but-
ton 29). HF the INTRO./ENDING button is used, the ending
will start from the current measure if the button is pressed
during the first half of the measure, or from the beginning of
the next measure if the button is pressed during the second
half of the current measure.
ENDING ; STOP
y
12
13
Auto Bass Chord Accompaniment
The X2500 includes a sophisticated Auto Bass Chord accom-
paniment system that can provide automated bass and
chordal backing in a number of ways.
* The maximum number of notes that can be played simulta-
neously on the X2500 keyboard is reduced when the Auto
Bass Chord feature is used.
Single Finger Accompaniment
SINGLE FINGER accompaniment makes it simple to produce
beautifully orchestrated accompaniment using major, sev-
enth, minor and minor-seventh chords by pressing a mini-
mum number of keys in the Auto Bass Chord Keys section of
the keyboard. The bass and chord accompaniment produced
is perfectly matched to the currently selected accompaniment
style.
* See "Alternative Split Point Selection” on page 10 for split
point information.
1. Select the SINGLE FINGER Mode
Slide the AUTO BASS CHORD selector (3) to the SIN-
GLE FINGER position.
AUTO BASS
CHORD
SPLIT we
FINGERED w=
SINGLE
FINGER
OFF «==
2. Select an Accompaniment Style
Select the desired accompaniment style in the normal
way. Although you can select the melody (upper key-
board) voice you intend to use, the X2500 automatically
determines the voices to be used for the accompani-
ment bass and chords according the accompaniment
style you select.
3. Start the Accompaniment
Press the START button 09 , SYNCHRO START button
24) or one of the INTRO. buttons @ 03 to determine
how the accompaniment will be started. If you press the
START button, the rhythm will begin playing immediately
without chordal accompaniment.
4. Press a Key in the Auto Bass Chord Keys Section
DB ing any of the lowest keys on the keyboard will
cause the automatic chord and bass accompaniment to
begin. If you press a "C" key, for example, a C—maijor
accompaniment will be played. Press another key in the
Auto Bass Chord Keys section to select a new chord.
The key you press will always determine the "root" of
the chord played (i.e. "C" for a C chord).
« =) нло вала снено
С
Playing Minor, Seventh, and Minor-seventh Chords in
the Single+inger Mode
For a minor chord, press the root key and the first
black key to its left.
For a seventh chord, press the root key and the next
white key to its left.
» For a minor—seventh chord, press the root key and
both the next white and black keys to its left.
Cm7
НЫ,
* The automatic accompaniment will continue playing
even if you lift your fingers from the Auto Bass Chord
keys @8) . You only need to press the Auto Bass Chord
keys when changing cords.
5. Stop the Auto Accompaniment
Press the STOP button @§ or INTRO./ ENDING button
@3 to stop the Accompaniment.
ET
|.
Setting the Accompaniment Volume
Set the volume of the Auto Accompaniment sound using the
ACCOMPANIMENT VOLUME buttons (3 , and the volume of
the right-hand melody using the VOICE VOLUME buttons
(7). The MASTER VOLUME control (7) can be used to set
the overall volume level.
Setting the Tempo
Use the TEMPO controls (2 to set the desired accompani-
ment tempo (see "Setting the Tempo" on page 11 for details).
Selecting Playback of Specitic Parts
The ACCOMP. PART buttons (10) make it possible to play
only specified parts of the automatic accompaniment.
Normally, all parts are played back, so the LED indicators
associated with the BASS, CHORD 1, CHORD 2 and
RHYTHM buttons are all ON. If you press any of buttons are
all ÓN. If you press any of these buttons, turning its indicator
OFF, that part will be muted and will not be heard until the
button is pressed again (turning its indicator LED back ON).
For example, if press the BASS button, the BASS LED will go
out and the bass line will not be heard. This would, for exam-
ple, allow you to practice creating your own bass lines on the
upper keyboard.
ACCOMP. PART
Q sass
© CHORD 2
@ RHYTHM
* The FILL IN buttons @2 can be used in the Auto Bass Chord
mode to create pattern variations in exactly the same way
that they are used with rhythm accompaniment patterns
(refer to the "Adding Fill-ins” section on page 12 for details).
Fingered Accompaniment
The FINGERED mode is ideal if you already know how to
play chords on a keyboard, since it allows you to supply your
own chords for the Auto Bass Chord feature.
* See "Alternative Split Point Selection" on page 10 for split
point information.
1. Select the FINGERED Mode
Slide the AUTO BASS CHORD selector (3) to the FIN-
GERED position.
AUTO BASS
CHORD
SPLIT ==
FINGERED ==
SINGLE
FINGER
OFF wm
2. Select an Accompaniment Style
Select the desired accompaniment style in the normal
way. Although you can select the melody (upper key-
board) voice you intend to use, the X2500 automatically
determines the voices to be used for the accompani-
ment bass and chords according the accompaniment
style you select.
3. Start the Accompaniment
Press the START button 29, SYNCHRO START but-
ton @) or one of the INTRO. buttons 62 63 to deter-
mine how the accompaniment will be started. If you
press the START button, the rhythm will begin playing
immediately without chordal accompaniment.
4. Play a Chord on the Auto Bass Chord Keys (3
As soon as you play any chord in the Auto Bass Chord
section of the keyboard, the X2500 will automatically
begin to play the chord along with the selected rhythm
and an appropriate bass line. The accompaniment will
continue playing even if you release the Auto Bass
Chord keys. When changing chords, be sure to release
all keys before playing a new chord.
C Cm
C7 Cm7
14
The X2500 will accept the following chord types,
although the resultant accompaniment pattern will be
either major, minor or seventh:
* Seventh flat five
» Seventh suspended fourth
« Minor major seventh
« Augmented
* Major » Diminished
* Minor Sixth, minor sixth and seventh flat five chords will only
« Major seventh be properly detected if they are played in the "root posi-
* Sixth tion". For diminished and augmented chords, the lowest
+ Minor sixth key pressed is assumed to be the root of the chord.
Minor seventh * All other FINGERED mode operations are the same as in
« Minor seventh flat five the SINGLE FINGER mode.
» Seventh
Try playing this using the Single Finger Chord mode or Fingered mode.
(Brahms' Lullaby)
Play the chord part on the lower keyboard section and the melody part on the upper keyboard. Chords can be played using either
the Single Finger or Fingered method.
Panel Settings
Accompaniment Style: 90 Lullaby
Tempo: 126
AUTO BASS CHORD Selector: SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED position
Upper Voice: 52 Whistle
С G Dm G
screen TEEN MIR LEAL Hm
meee ATT ME A pea
SOLO STYLEPLAY Bass Chord mode will be selected if the AUTO BASS
CHORD selector (3) is in any position other than FIN-
This sophisticated feature automatically adds appropriate GERED.
harmony notes and effects to a melody you play on the upper
keyboard according to the selected accompaniment style. @ SOLO STYLEPLAY
For example, with the ROCK'N ROLL 3 style (STYLE 03) the C=
SOLO STYLEPLAY feature automatically adds harmony, |
counter melody and glissando to what you play. With the BIG
BAND 2 style (STYLE 34), a melody you play on the upper
keyboard is repeated in the next measure, creating a “round”
or "call and answer” type effect. 3. Play . [|
* Only a single note can be played at a time on the X2500 The SYNCHRO START mode is automatically selected
when SOLO STYLEPLAY is turned ON, so ali you have
upper keyboard section when the SOLO STYLEPLAY fea- to do is play the required chords (SINGLE FINGER or
. Select the Desired Auto Bass Chord Mode
Use the Auto Bass Chord selector (3) to select either
the SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED mode.
. Turn SOLO STYLEPLAY ON
Press the SOLO STYLEPLAY button 29. The SOLO
STYLEPLAY LED will light indicating that the SOLO
STYLEPLAY feature is ON. The SINGLE FINGER Auto
FINGERED) on the lower keyboard while playing a sin-
gle-note melody line on the upper keyboard. The SOLO
STYLEPLAY feature automatically selects the appropri-
ate rhythm pattern as well as chord and bass voices for
the style you select.
. Stop the Accompaniment
Stop the accompaniment using the STOP @ or
INTRO./ENDING 03 button (and turn SOLO STYLE-
PLAY OFF, if necessary, by pressing the SOLO
6. X2500 PERCUSSION
Manual Percussion with the Percussion
Pad
The X2500's six percussion pads @0 let you play percussion
to accompany other instruments, or add original rhythm fills
and breaks to your performances. The percussion pads can
also be played while one of the X2500 accompaniments is
playing.
Each percussion pad is capable of producing five different
sounds, depending on whether the VAR. 1, VAR 2, VAR. 3,
VAR. 4 or SOUND EFFECTS variation button @)) is pressed.
The sounds produced by each percussion pad when the dif-
ferent variation buttons are pressed are given in the chart
below.
* The SOUND EFFECTS are automatically selected when
the POWER switch is initially turned ON.
— PotcussionPad
Variation * —
Button | | ; E o
& | ®@ | ® | 84 | 6 | PF | ©
Rimshot | Low Tom | Mid Tom | High Tom | Hi Hat Hi Hat
(acoustic)| (acoustic) | (acoustic) | (closed) (open)
Om D <>. M OH = TR
| Bass | Low Tom | Mid Tom | High Tom! Snare Ride
Drum (synth) (synth) (synth) Drum Cymbal
ES | = =H SL EH GB <Tc
Agogo Agogo Cuica Cuica Cabasa Crash
(low) (high) (low) (high) Cymbal
Oe 9 L 9 H st sta ен <>
CI ‚| Conga Conga | Timbales | Timbales | Bongo | Cowbell
| (low) (high) (low) (high) (high)
ameno me Y BF < == 53 a
Ca Shout Shout | Car Horn Pistoi Breaking | Claps
(НА!) (YEAH!) Shot Glass
To use the percussion pads, simply select the desired percus-
sion instrument group by pressing the appropriate variation
button, then tap the pads (lightly) as if they were actual per-
cussion instruments. The volume of the percussion pads is
controlled by the ACCOMPANIMENT VOLUME buttons {3
The Synchro Break Function
This function allows you to create your own fill-ins using the
percussion pads @0 while one of the X2500 accompaniment
styles is playing. Use the SYNCHRO BREAK button 02 to
turn this function ON or OFF. When the SYNCHRO BREAK
LED is lit (it is automatically turned on when the POWER
switch (1) is turned on), playing on the percussion pads caus-
es the accompaniment rhythm to stop playing so you can cre-
ate your own fill-in. The accompaniment rhythm begins play-
ing again when you stop playing the percussion pads *1.
@ SYNCHRO BREAK
@
*1 If a percussion note is not played within one 16th note
after the end of a measure, the accompaniment rhythm
will begin playing again from the beginning of the next
measure.
The Custom Drummer
The X2500 Custom Drummer feature allows you to create
an original rhythm pattern in addition to the 100 preset
accompaniment styles. Your original rhythm pattern can be
selected and played at any time, just like the presets.
* When the POWER switch (1) is turned ON, the CUSTOM
DRUMMER is automatically loaded with the STYLE 00
rhythm pattern.
Creating an Original Rhythm Pattern
1. Select a Suitable Rhythm
Begin by selecting on of the preset accompaniment
styles that is close to the rhythm you want to create.
* For example, select a WALTZ accompaniment style if
you want to program a rhythm pattern in 3/4 time. You
cannot program a 3/4 rhythm when a 4/4 accompani-
ment style is selected, and vice versa. The X2500
accompaniment styles include 3/4, 4/4, 9/8, 12/8 and
15/8 type rhythm patterns.
2. Engage the Program Mode
Press the CUSTOM DRUMMER PROGRAM button @))
so that its LED indicator lights.
CUSTOM DRUMMER
@ PROGRAM ACCOMPANIMENT STYLE
TD Fe
BEAT —4 dL _ /
TEMPO
3. Set the Appropriate Tempo and Volume
TO make programming as easy as possible, set up an
appropriate tempo and volume before you begin. It
might be easier to program your rhythm pattern if you
set a relatively slow tempo. The MASTER VOLUME
control (2) and ACCOMPANIMENT VOLUME buttons
(3 should be used to set a comfortable listening level.
16
17
4. Begin Programming
You can now add new notes to the selected rhythm
accompaniment by playing the percussion pads @0) and
the appropriate timing (select the desired instrument
group using the variation buttons). If you want to create
a totally new rhythm, press the CUSTOM DRUMMER
CLEAR button (7) before beginning to program. This
cancels all the instruments in the original accompani-
ment, leaving only a closed hi-hat metronome sound
(the metronome sound will not be heard when you play
back your rhythm. The rhythm pattern is two measures
long, and the pattern will continue to repeat so you can
add new instruments during each repeat, if necessary.
CLEAR
=
* Up to 3 percussion instruments can be played simulta-
neously.
. If You Want to Cancel À Single Instrument
Although you can cancel all instruments in a pattern by
pressing the CUSTOM DRUMMER CLEAR button @ ‚it
is also possible to cancel a single instrument to eradi-
cate a mistake or simply eliminate an unwanted instru-
ment. First, make sure that the instrument to be can-
celled is in the group selected by the variation buttons.
Then, while holding the CANCEL key @9 (the highest
key on the X2500 keyboard), press the percussion pad
corresponding to the instrument you want to cancel. The
selected instrument should now be cleared from the pat-
tern.
. If You Want to Add Accented Beats
Specific beats of any instrument within your pattern can
be accented by holding down the accent key 3) (the
second from highest key on the X2500 keyboard — with
the ">" mark above it) and pressing the percussion pad
corresponding to the instrument you wish to accent at
the appropriate time. To accent the snare drum on the
third beat of the first measure, for example, hold the
accent key and tap the snare drum key on the third beat
of the first measure. Accents cannot be cancelled indi-
vidually, so it is necessary to cancel the accented instru-
ment and then enter the part again with the desired
accents.
7. Stop Programming
Press the STOP button @ when your rhythm pattern is
complete and you want to stop programming.
* Try writing the following rhythm patterns:
BASS DRUM D A
CLOSED HI-HAT > Нав IT | a |
OPEN HI-HAT <
Playing Back Your Custom Rhythm Pattern
Once created, your original rhythm pattern can be played
back by pressing the CUSTOM DRUMMER PLAY button 27 |
and then the START button @5) . Press the STOP button 06)
to stop playback. Your CUSTOM DRUMMER rhythm can
also be used as the basis for Auto Bass Chord FINGERED
or SINGLE FINGER accompaniment.
B
7. THE MUSIC PROGRAMMER
The X2500 MUSIC PROGRAMMER allows you to "record"
and play back anything you play on the keyboard — along
with auto accompaniment if required. You can record the
accompaniment and your own performance separately or at
the same time. If, for example, you record the accompani-
ment first and then record your own performance while listen-
ing to playback of the accompaniment, you're free to use the
entire keyboard for your performance rather than being limit-
ed to only the upper keyboard area.
The MUSIC PROGRAMMER independently records the fol-
lowing "parameters" for the upper and lower keyboard sec-
tions in addition to notes and accompaniments played. Any
changes you make to any of these parameters are recorded,
and will be reproduced exactly as they occurred when the
recording is played back:
| Upper Keyboard:
Voice number, SUSTAIN ON/OFF, Voice volume.
Lower Keyboard:
Accompaniment style number, Tempo, Intro, Fill-in, Ending,
Stop, Accompaniment volume.
* See "Alternative Split Point Selection” on page 10 for split
point information.
The maximum recording capacity of the MUSIC PRO-
GRAMMER is as follows: 198 measures maximum on the
lower keyboard (approximately 66 measures if one chord is
recorded per measure), and 120 notes maximum (approxi-
mately 100 notes if a note is played in each quarter-note
beat) on the upper keyboard. Any other setting changes
made while recording, however, will have a large effect on
the total capacity.
* Material recorded using the MUSIC PROGRAMMER will
be lost as soon as the X2500 POWER switch (1) is turned
OFF.
\ |
‘Recording
Recording Accompaniment and Performance
Simultaneously
1. Select the Desired Accompaniment Style
Pick out an accompaniment style that is appropriate for
the type of music you want to record.
2. Select the SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED Auto Bass
Chord Mode
Use the AUTO BASS CHORD selector (3) to select
either the SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED mode (if the
AUTO BASS CHORD selector is set to any position
other than FINGERED, the SINGLE FINGER mode will
automatically be selected when recording is begun).
3. Set Up All Necessary Parameters
Before actually beginning to record, you should make
sure that you select the desired voice, engage any
required effects, adjust the accompaniment and voice
volume levels for the appropriate balance, and adjust
the tempo to match the piece you are about to record.
MUSIC PROGRAMMER
@ RECORD
ORCHESTRA ( [ I )
4. Set the Record Ready Mode
Press both the ORCHESTRA and ACCOMPANIMENT
RECORD buttons 05), causing both of their LED indica-
tors to light. This engages the "record ready" mode: the
metronome will sound at the currently selected tempo,
and recording will begin as soon as you play a note on
the keyboard (SYNCHRO START type operation).
5. Choose an Alternative Start Mode If Necessary
If you do not perform this step, recording will begin as
soon as you play a note or chord on the keyboard. At
this point, however, you can choose to start recording
immediately by pressing the START button (3), or start
recording immediately with an introduction by pressing
one of the INTRO buttons @ @3 .
6. Start Recording
If you haven already started recording as in step 5,
above, recording will begin automatically as soon as
you begin playing. While playing, you can change
accompaniment styles, voices, tempo and other param-
eters. Such changes will be recorded and reproduced
when the recording is played back.
7. Stop Recording
Press either the STOP button (8) or INTRO./ENDING
button 23 to stop recording. Recording actually ends
the instant the accompaniment stops playing. It is also
possible to stop recording immediately by pressing
either of the RECORD or PLAY buttons (5) . Recording
will stop automatically if you exceed the X2500's mem-
ory capacity (this will depend on the complexity of your
performance and whether you use accompaniment or
not).
* Whenever you record using the MUSIC PROGRAMMER,
any previously recorded material will be erased.
* If you make a mistake while recording, simply press the
SYNCHRO START button 2 and begin again from step
5, above.
18
Recording the Accompaniment and Performance
Separately
= Recording the Accompaniment =
1.
Select the Desired Accompaniment Style
Pick out an accompaniment style that is appropriate for
the type of music you want to record.
Select the SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED Auto Bass
Chord Mode
Use the AUTO BASS CHORD selector (3) to select
either the SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED mode (if the
AUTO BASS CHORD selector is set to any position
other than FINGERED, the SINGLE FINGER mode will
automatically be selected when recording is begun).
Set the Record Ready Mode
Press the ACCOMPANIMENT RECORD button 03,
causing its LED indicator to light. This engages the
"record ready” mode: the metronome will sound at the
currently selected tempo, and recording will begin as
soon as you play a note on the keyboard (SYNCHRO
START type operation).
Set Up All Necessary Parameters
Before actually beginning to record, you should make
sure that you adjust the accompaniment volume level for
the appropriate balance, and adjust the tempo to match
the piece you are about to record.
. Choose an Alternative Start Mode If Necessary
if you do not perform this step, recording will begin as
soon as you play a note or chord on the keyboard. At
this point, however, you can choose to start recording
immediately by pressing the START button @9 , or start
recording immediately with an introduction by pressing
one of the INTRO. buttons 22 23 .
Start Recording
if you haven't already started recording as in step 5,
above, recording will begin automatically as soon as you
begin playing. While playing, you can add fill-ins,
change accompaniment styles, tempo and other param-
eters. Such changes will be recorded and reproduced
when the recording is played back. |
Stop Recording
Press either the STOP button (6) or INTRO./ENDING
button 23 to stop recording. Recording actually ends the
instant the accompaniment stops playing.
= Recording the Performance =
1.
19
Set the Accompaniment Track for Playback
Press the ACCOMPANIMENT PLAY button (43) , causing
the ACCOMPANIMENT LED to flash.
MUSIC PROGRAMMER
O RECORD
ORCHESTRA
UU
“MECORD
Г
АССОМР.
PLAY
À
. Set the Record Ready Mode
Press the ORCHESTRA RECORD button (33), causing
its LED indicator to light. Recording will begin as soon
as you play a note on the keyboard (SYNCHRO START
type operation).
MUSIC PROGRAMMER
@ RECORD
ORCHESTRA { [ 1 )
. Set Up All Necessary Parameters
Before actually beginning to record, you should make
sure that you select the desired voice and adjust the
voice volume level for the appropriate balance.
. Choose an Alternative Start Mode If Necessary
If you do not perform this step, recording will begin as
soon as you play a note on the keyboard. At this point,
however, you can choose to start recording immediately
by pressing the START button @5) , or start recording
immediately with an introduction by pressing one of the
INTRO. buttons @ @3) . Since the accompaniment has
already been recorded, however, an introduction will not
be recorded even if an INTRO button is pressed.
. Start Recording
If you haven't already started recording as in step 5,
above, recording will begin automatically as soon as
you begin playing. While playing, you can turn effects
on or off or change voices. Such changes will be
recorded and reproduced when the recording is played
back.
6. Stop Recording
Recording will stop automatically when the accompani-
ment part finishes playing. You can also press either the
STOP button 26) or INTRO./ ENDING button 03 to stop
recording.
Playback
1. Engage the Start Ready Mode
Press both the ORCHESTRA and ACCOMPANIMENT
PLAY buttons (3) (causing their indicators to flash) if you
want to play back both the ORCHESTRA and ACCOM-
PANIMENT parts, or press just one of the PLAY buttons
if you only want to hear one of the parts (for example,
you could play back only the accompaniment part and
play along manually on the keyboard).
MUSIC PROGRAMMER
à
“
» RECORD
ORCHESTRA ( L ] )
PLAY
TQ
JO fecono
--
PLAY
as
. Start Playback
Press the START button @ or a key on the keyboard to
begin playback. Your recording will begin with an intro-
duction if you start playback by pressing one of the
INTRO. buttons 22 63.
. Adjust Volume, Tempo, etc.
If necessary, adjust the overall volume using the MAS-
TER VOLUME control (2) , and the balance between
the accompaniment and voice volumes using their
respective volume buttons. You can also adjust the
tempo and even change accompaniment styles during
playback.
. Play Along if You Like
Play along on the X2500 keyboard if you like.
. Stop Playback
Playback will stop automatically when the end of the
recorded piece is reached. You can also stop playback
at any time by pressing the STOP 29) or INTRO./END-
ING 09 button.
* When playback is stopped, the MUSIC PROGRAM-
MER re-enters the playback ready mode. This can be
exited by pressing the PLAY buttons so that neither
the ORCHESTRA or ACCOMPANIMENT LED (33) is
flashing.
Try recording this piece using the MUSIC PROGRAMMER function.
(When The Saints Go Marching In)
Record the chords in ACCOMPANIMENT and the obbligato in ORCHESTRA, then play the melody on the keyboard as the
ACCOMPANIMENT and ORCHESTRA play back. Chords can be played using either the Single Finger or Fingered method.
Panel Settings
Accompaniment Style: 34 Big Band 2
Tempo: 144
AUTO BASS CHORD Selector: SINGLE FINGERED position (OFF during playback)
Upper Voice: 39 Trombone
с ,
Melody
Obbligato
oa LINEAR TN N
F
zer АНИ САО CHI
20
21
8. MIDI FUNCTIONS
A Brief Introduction to MIDI
MIDI, the Musical Instrument Digital Interface, is a world-
standard communication interface that allows MIDI-compati-
ble musical instruments and equipment to share musical
information and control one another. This makes it possible
to create "systems” of MIDI instruments and equipment that
offer far greater versatility and control than is available with
isolated instruments.
The X2500 MIDI Connectors
The X2500 MIDI IN connector receives MIDI data from an
external MIDI device which can be used to control the X2500.
The MIDI OUT connector transmits MIDI data generated by
the X2500 (e.g. note and velocity data produced by playing
the keyboard).
* To connect the X2500 MIDI connectors to other MIDI
devices, always use high-quality MIDI cables such as the
Yamaha MIDI-15 (15-meter type) or MIDI-03 (3-meter type).
Simple MIDI Control
Most MIDI keyboards (including the X2500, of course) trans-
mit note and velocity (touch response) information via the
MIDI OUT connector whenever a note is played on the key-
board. If the MIDI OUT connector is connected to the MIDI IN
connector of a second keyboard (synthesizer, etc.) or a tone
generator (essentially a synthesizer with no keyboard), the
second keyboard or tone generator will respond precisely to
notes played on the original transmitting keyboard. The result
is that you can effectively play two instruments at once, pro-
viding thick multi-instrument sounds. The X2500 also trans-
mits "program change" data when one of its voices is select-
ed. Depending on how the receiving device is set up, the cor-
responding voice will be automatically selected on the receiv-
ing keyboard or tone generator whenever a voice is selected
on the X2500.
MIDI Keyboard
or
MID! MIDI | tone generator
OUT IN
The X2500 is capable of receiving the same MIDI data, so a
second MIDI keyboard connected to the X2500 MIDI IN con-
nector can be used to remotely play the X2500 and select
voices as required.
MIDI keyboard ren | | “X2500 LE |
“OUT IN
~ MIDI Sequence Recording
The same type of musical information transfer described
above is used for MIDI sequence recording. A MIDI
sequence recorder can be used to "record" MIDI data
received from a X2500, for example. When the recorded
data is played back, the X2500 automatically "plays" the
recorded performance in precise detail.
PLAYBACK |
MID!
| MIDI J OUT
= RECORD MIDI
MIDI un | sequencer
OUT IN
Note:
Always use a high-quality MIDI cable to connect MIDI OUT
to MID! IN terminals. Never use MIDI cables longer than
about 15 meters, since cables longer than this can pick up
noise which can cause data errors.
X2500 MIDI Settings & Functions
MIDI Operations Summary
1. Remote control/stan- Press VOICE SELECT REMOTE CONTROLMODE STANDAED VOICE MODE
dard voice mode selec- | button 0. | I f
ton, | |
2. MIDI transmit channel Press VOICE SELECT Press the appropriate AUTO CHANNEL 1 CHANNEL 16
selection. button 1. BASS CHORD key
(refer to the illustration below).
56110 5 16)
3. MIDI receive channel
selection.
Press VOICE SELECT
button 2.
Press the appropriate AUTO
BASS CHORD key
(refer to the illustration below).
OMNI ON + CHANNEL?
rAUL) df | FBI |]
OMNI OFF + CHANNEL 1 OMNI OFF + CHANNEL 16
If the standard voice mode is selected ...
STEP 3: Select "on™ or "off" for the channel selected in step 2 by using the
VOICE SELECT +/- buttons while holding the MIDI button.
rd len
STEP 4: Repeat steps 2 and 3 to set other channels.
4. Split transmit mode Press VOICE SELECT Select using the VOICE
ON/OFF selection button 3. SELECT +/- buttons. ON OFF
(only available in the
} |
REMOTE CONTROL
mode).
5. Program change and Press VOICE SELECT Select using the VOICE ON OFF
control change cancel | button 4. SELECT + buttons. Fr >
ON/OFF selection. Р С L |
6. External/internal clock | Press VOICE SELECT Select using the VOICE EXTERNAL CLOCK INTERNAL CLOCK
selection. button 5. SELECT +/- buttons.
г Fa
E
7. Local control ON/OFF Press VOICE SELECT Select using the VOICE N OFF
selection.
button 6.
SELECT +/-- buttons.
O
LOC) of]
8. Rhythm receive chan-
nel selection
(oniy available in the
standard voice mode).
Press VOICE SELECT
button 7.
Press the appropriate AUTO
BASS CHORD key
(refer to the illustration below).
CHANNEL 1
|
CHANNEL 16
__16 1
M 1
UL |
CH 24 73911 1416
|
OMNI OFF
OMNI ON (ALL)
22
23
1.
2.3.
Remote Control/Standard Voice Mode
Selection |
The Remote Control mode should be used when the
X2500 is to be connected to a second keyboard or tone
generator which it is to control. In this mode, the X2500
can only receive on a single MIDI channel.
The Standard Voice mode should be used when the
X2500 is to be used as a tone generator, for example,
receiving data from a second MIDI device (such as a
sequencer). In this mode the X2500 can receive on mul-
tiple MIDI channels, each channel corresponding to a
different voice. |
* Refer to "MIDI Channel Selection" below for more
information on MIDI channels.
* This setting has no effect when the X2500 is used for
transmission only.
* The number of notes that can be played simultaneous-
ly via external control when the Standard Voice mode
is selected: 8 melody, 7 rhythm.
MIDI Channel Selection
The MIDI transmit and receive channels can be set inde-
pendently.
* The transmit channel is automatically set to channel 1
and the receive channel is automatically set to OMNI
OFF + channel 1 when the power is initially turned ON.
* OMNI ON means that reception can occur simultane-
ously on all available channels (1 through 16). When
OMNI OFF is selected, reception only occurs on the
specified channel.
. Split Transmit Mode ON/OFF Selection
i the SPLIT Transmit Mode is turned ON, lower and
upper keyboard notes played in the Single Finger,
Fingered or Split modes are transmitted on different
MIDI channels, and can thus be used to control different
MIDI devices.
* Lower-keyboard note data is transmitted on MIDI chan-
nel 2, so be sure to set the MIDI device which is to
receive the lower-keyboard data to receive on channel
2. The upper-keyboard note data is transmitted on the
MIDI channel selected using the MIDI Channel
Selection function, described above.
* Upper and lower keyboard data can be recorded to a
MIDI sequencer on different channels, so that different
voices set to the corresponding channels can be inde-
pendently controlled when the recorded sequence is
played back.
* This function has no effect when the X2500 is used for
reception only.
* This function cannot be used when the Standard Voice
mode is selected.
* When the power is initially turned ON, the Split
Transmission Mode is automatically turned OFF.
5. Program Change & Control Change Cancel
ON/OFF Selection
Normally the X2500 will respond to MIDI program
change and control change data received from an
external keyboard or other MIDI device, causing the
correspondingly numbered X2500 voice to be selected
and the corresponding "control" operations to be per-
formed. The X2500 will normally also send MID! pro-
gram change data whenever one of its voices is select-
ed or control change data when one of its controls are
operated, causing the corresponding operation to be
performed on an external MIDI device.
This function makes it possible to cancel program
change and control change data reception and trans-
mission so that voices can be selected on the X2500
without affecting the external MIDI device, etc. Program
Change á Control Change Cancel is automatically A
turned OFF when the power is initially turned ON.
. External/internal Clock Selection
This function determines whether the X2500 rhythm
and accompaniment timing is controlled by the X2500's
own internal clock or an external MIDI clock signal
received from external equipment connected to the
MIDI IN connector. The Clock Mode is automatically set
to INTERNAL when the power is initially turned ON.
* To synchronize playback of an external sequencer or
rhythm programmer to the X2500, for example, set
this function to INTERNAL and make sure that the
external device is set up to receive EXTERNAL clock
data.
* To synchronize the X2500 to playback of an external
sequencer or rhythm programmer, set this function to
EXTERNAL.
NOTE:
If the clock mode is set to EXTERNAL and a MIDI
clock signal is not being received from an external
source, the X2500 rhythm, accompaniment and other
clock-dependent features will not operate.
. Local Control ON/OFF Selection
"Local Control” refers to the fact that, normally, the
X2500 keyboard controls its internal tone generator,
allowing the internal voices to be played directly from
the keyboard.
This situation is "Loca! Control ON" since the internal
tone generator is controlled locally by its own keyboard.
Local control can be turned OFF, however, so that the
X2500 keyboard does not play the internal voices, but
the appropriate MIDI information is still transmitted via
the MIDI OUT connector when notes are played on the
keyboard. At the same time, the internal tone generator
responds to MIDI information received via the MIDI IN
connector. This means that while an external MIDI
sequence recorder, for example, plays the X2500's
internal voices, an external tone generator can be
played from the X2500 keyboard. Local Control is auto-
matically turned ON when the power is initially turned
ON.
Pr rer rm rm res
* This function has no effect when the X2500 is being MIDI Error Display
used for reception only During MIDI reception, if the data cannot be properly trans-
8. Rhythm Receive Channel Selection ferred or the amount of data transferred exceeds the capaci-
This function is used to select the MIDI receive channel ty of the transmit/receive buffer, the following MIDI error dis-
that will be used to receive rhythm data (the channel play will appear.
selected using the MIDI Channel Selection function If this occurs, try turning the power switch OFF and then ON
described earlier applies to non-rhythm parts and voic- again. H the problem is caused by a buffer overflow, the data
es). The Rhythm Receive Channel must be matched to rate or amount of data sent should be reduced until the prob-
the transmit channel of the device from which the rhythm lem disappears.
data is to be received.
* If the assigned Rhythm Receive Channel is the same
as a channel assigned for reception of non-rhythm
data, the rhythm data takes priority. E |
* When the power switch is turned ON, the Remote rr
Control Mode is selected and the OMNI OFF + receive
channel 1 mode is selected. If the Standard Voice
Mode is then selected, this function is automatically set
to channel 16.
* This function has no effect if the Remote Control Mode
is selected.
9. OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
« AC Power Adaptor (PA—4/PA—40) - Stereo Connection Cord (PSC-3)
Transforms AC voltage to DC voltage. Use this cord to connect your X2500 to a stereo hi-fi sys-
* Car Battery Adaptor (CA-1) tem.
Enables you to provide power to the instrument from a car - Stereo Conversion Plug (PCP-1)
battery using the cigarette lighter socket. Converts stereo pin jacks to a stereo phone plug.
- Headphones (HPE-3/HPE-5)
These specially designed lightweight headphones feature
extra-comfortable ear pads.
Stand (L-2/L-4)
This lightweight, portable stand provides a sturdy, conve- arar”
nient support for your X2500. system
« Bench (BC-6)
* Soft Carrying Case (SCC-33)
For extra protection and convenient carrying, keep your
X2500 in this high-quality soft case.
* Some optional accessories may not be available in all areas.
24
25
10. SPECIFICATIONS
keyboard
61 keys (C1-C6)
Voices (00-99)
Piano 1, Piano 2, Honky-Tonk Piano, Elec. Piano 1, Elec. Piano 2,
Harpsichord, Clavi, Synth Clavi, Celesta, Toy Piano, Vibes, Chimes,
Xylophone, Marimba, Bamboo Marimba, Timpani, Steei Drum, Kalimba,
Gamelan, Music Box, Strings, Pizz. Strings, Synth Strings 1, Synth Strings 2,
Violin, Cello, Harp, Flute, Pan Flute, Recorder, Clarinet, Oboe, Bassoon,
Saxophone, Harmonica, Accordion, Bagpipe, Trumpet, Mute Trumpet,
Trombone, Horn, Tuba, Brass Ensemble, Synth Brass 1, Synth Brass 2, Pipe
Organ, Jazz Organ, Rock Organ, Street Organ, Reed Organ, Human Vox,
Synth Vox, Whistle, Classic Guitar, Folk Guitar, Jazz Guitar, Rock Guitar,
Distortion Guitar, Mute Guitar, Banjo, Mandolin, Sitar, Koto, Shamisen,
Acoustic Bass, Bowed Bass, Elec. Bass, Slap Bass, Fretless Bass, Synth Bass
1, Synth Bass 2, Synth Bass 3, Analog Synth, Reed Synth, Synth Music Box,
Space Flute, Aqua, Landscape, Fuzz Brass, Metallic Reed, Crystal, Ice Block,
Synth Tom, Samba Whistle, African Percuss., Birds, Digi Sweep, Hammer
Shot, Crystal Block, Invader, Shock Alarm, Ow!, Water Drop, Emergency, Zing,
Racing Circuit, Scrape, Construction, Wave, Orchestra Hit
Controls: |
Voice Select Buttons (0-9, +, —), Voice List (00-99), Lower Button, Voice
Volume Buttons (4, Y)
Effects
Sustain (1, 2), Dual Voice, Pitch Bend Roiler
Accompaniment Styles (00-99)
Disco, Rock'n' Roll 1, Rock'n’ Roll 2, Rock'n’ Roll 3, Pop Rock 1. Pop Rock 2,
16 Beat 1, 16 Beat 2, Rock-A-Ballad, Rock Baroque, Christmas Rock, Oriental
Rock, Brass Rock, Techno Rock 1, Techno Rock 2, Hard Rock, Heavy Metal,
Speed Metal, Fusion 1, Fusion 2, Funk 1, Funk 2, Funk 3, Funk 4, Rap,
Rhythm & Blues 1, Rhythm & Blues 2, Slow Blues, Gospel, Swing Guitar,
Swing Piano, Swing Organ, Swing Vibraphone, Big Band 1, Big Band 2, Big
Band 3, Modern Jazz, 5/4 Swing, Jazz Ballad, Shuffle, Boogie Woogie Piano 1,
Boogie Woogie Piano 2, Boogie Woogie Piano 3, Boogie Big Band 1, Boogie
Big Band 2, Jazz Baroque, Dixieland Combo, Dixieland Banjo, Country,
Country Piano, Country Steel Guitar, Ragtime Piano, Bluegrass, Bossa Nova
1, Bossa Nova 2, Samba 1, Samba 2, Samba 3, Salsa 1, Salsa 2, Salsa 3,
Tango, Habanera, Mambo 1, Mambo 2, Mambo 3, Rhumba, Cha-Cha-Cha,
Conga, Merengue, Calypso 1, Calypso 2, Reggae, Cuban, Beguine, Mariachi,
Bolero, Flamenco, Son Afro, Argentine Folklore, Island Folklore, March 1,
March 2, Majestic March, Polka, Baroque (Waltz), Big Band (Waltz), Jazz
Waltz, Viennese Waltz, Baroque, Luilaby, Classical Guitar, Street Organ,
Fanfare, Safari, Hawaiian, Chanson, Mandolin Band, String Quartet,
Barbershop Quartet
Controls:
Accompaniment Style Select Buttons (0-9, +, —,), Accompaniment Style List
(00-99), Tempo Control Buttons (A, ¥), Accompaniment Volume Buttons ( A,
W ), Synchro Start Button, Start Button, Stop Button, Intro /Fill In Buttons (1-3),
Intro /Ending Button, Accompaniment Part Buttons (Bass, Chord 1, Chord 2,
Rhythm)
Custom Drummer
Controls:
Program Button, Play Button, Clear Button
Percussion
Controls:
Percussion Pads, Percussion Variation Buttons (Var. 1-4, Sound Effects),
Synchro Break Button, Percussion Accent Key (>), Percussion Cancel Key
Auto Bass Chord
Controls:
Auto Bass Chord Selector (Off, Single Finger, Fingered, Split)
Music Programmer
Controls:
Orchestra Record Button, Orchestra Play Button, Accompaniment Record but-
ton, Accompaniment Play Button
Displays
Voice/Pitch/Transpose/volume Display, Accompaniment Style/Beat/Tempo/
Volume Display
Other Controls
Power Switch, Master Volume, Roll Bar, Solo Styleplay Button, Transpose (A,
Y), Pitch (4, Y), MIDI Button, Demonstration Button
Auxiliary Jacks
MIDI (OUT, IN), HEADPHONES/AUX. OUT, DC IN (9-12V)
Main Amplifier
2.5W x 2 (RMS)
Speaker
. 12cm (4—3/4") x 2
Rated Voltage
DC 9V (Six SUM-1, "D" size, R--20 or equivalent batteries), AC Power Adaptor
(PA—4, PA-40) or Car Battery Adaptor (CA-1)
Dimensions (W x D x H)
1221mm x 392.4mm x 145.6mm (48-1/8" x 15-1/2" x 5-3/4")
Weight
7.6 kg (16.8 Ibs)
* Specifications are subject to change without notice.
YAMAHA [ Portatone ] |
Model X2500 MIDI Implementation Chart
Date : 07/04 1989
Version : 1.0
Basic Default 1 1
Channel Changed 1-16 1-16
Default 3 3 Remote Control
Mode Messages X OMNI on, OMNI off Mode
Altered ok sf sf of oe oe oe ok sf of ok ok sk fe X
Note 36-96 36-96 *1
Number : True voice AAA 36-96 *2
Velocity Note on X 9nH, v=64 *3 10 *4
Note off X 9nH, v=0 X
After Key's X X
Touch Ch's X X
Pitch Bender O O 02 semi 7bit resolution
7 O O Volume
Control
64 O O Sustain
Change
Program O 0-99 O 0-99 *5
Change True # sk of ok se ok of sk oe ke se ok sk ok 0-99
System Exclusive X O
System : Song Pos X X
: Song Sel X X
Common : Tune X X
System : Clock О О
Real Time : Commands O О
Aux : Local ON/OFF X O
: All Notes OFF X O (122-125)
Mes- : Active Sense O O
sages : Reset X X
Notes : ¥1 1-127 if standard voice mode is on
*2 24-102 if standard voice mode is on
*3 v=127 if standard voice mode is on
*4 only standard voice mode
*5 0-120 if standard voice mode is on
Mode 1: OMNI ON, POLY Mode 2 : OMNI ON, MONO O : Yes
Mode 3 : X : No
OMNI OFF, POLY Mode 4 : OMNI OFF, MONO
26
Attention users in the U. S. A.
PortaTone X2500 is prepared in accordance with
FCC rules.
The PortaTone X2500 uses frequencies that appear in the radio fre-
quency range, and if installed in the immediate proximity (within three
meters) of some types of audio or video devices interference may occur.
The PortaTone X2500 has been type tested and found to comply
with the specifications set for a Class B computing device in accordance
with those specifications listed in Subpart J of Part 15 of the FCC rules.
These rules are designed to provide a reasonable measure of protection
against such interference. However, this does not guarantee that inter-
ference will not occur.
If your PortaTone X2500 should be suspected of causing interfer-
ence with other electronic devices, verification can be made by turning
your PortaTone X2500 off and on.
If the interference continues when your PortaTone X2500 is off, the
PortaTone X2500 is not the source of the interference. If your
PortaTone X2500 does appear to be the source of the interference, you
should try to correct the situation by using one or more of the following
measures.
Relocate either the PortaTone X2500 the electronic device that is
being affected by the interference.
Utilize power outlets for the PortaTone X2500 and the device being
affected that are on different branch (circuit breaker or fuse) circuits, or
install A/C line filters.
In the case of radio-TV Interference, relocate the antenna or, if the
antenna lead-in is a 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the lead-in to a co-
axial type cable.
If these correclive measures do not produce satisfactory results,
please contact your Authorized Yamaha Consumer Products dealer for
suggestions and/or corrective measures.
If you cannot locate an Authorized Yamaha Consumer Products
dealer in your general area, contact the Consumer Products Service
Center, Yamaha Corporation of America, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave,
Buena Park, CA 90620.
If for any reason you should need-additional information relating to
radio or TV interference, you may find a booklet prepared by the Federal
Communications Commission helpful: "How to Identify and Resolve
Radio-TV interference Problems”. This booklet is available from the U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. 20402-Stock 004-000-
345-4.
* This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha Corporation of
America.
The serial number of this product may be found on
the bottom of the unit. You should note this serial
number in the space provided below and retain this 4
manual as a permanent record of your purchase to
aid identification in the event of theft.
Model No. X2500
Serial No.
Concerning the Warranty
This product was made for international distribution,
and since the warranty for this type of product varies
from marketing area to marketing area, please con-
tact the selling agency for information concerning
the applicable warranty and/or service policies.
YAMAHA
YAMAHA CORPORATION
Р.О. Вох, Hamamatsu, Japan
8908 VH92790 Printed in Japan @
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