Volvo C70 Coupe 1999 Owners Manual

Volvo C70 Coupe 1999 Owners Manual

1999 Volvo C70

This manual deals with the operation and care of your Volvo.

Welcome to the world-wide family of Volvo owners. We trust that you will enjoy many years of safe driving in your Volvo, an automobile designed with your safety and comfort in mind. To help ensure your satisfaction with this vehicle, we encourage you to familiarize yourself with the equipment descriptions, operating instructions and maintenance requirements/recommendations in this manual. We also urge you and your passengers to wear seat belts at all times in this (or any other) automobile. And, of course, please do not operate a vehicle if you may be affected by alcohol, medication or any impairment that could hinder your ability to drive. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_00.htm (1 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:28 PM

1999 Volvo C70

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the certification labels attached to the driver's door opening and on the left wheel housing in the engine compartment.

Volvo and the environment

Volvo is committed to the well being of our customers. As a natural part of this commitment, we care about the environment in which we all live. Caring for the environment means an everyday involvement in reducing our environmental impact.

Volvo's environmental activities are based on a holistic view, which means we consider the overall environmental impact of a product throughout its complete life cycle. In this context, design, production, product use, and recycling are all important considerations.

In production, Volvo has partly or completely phased out several chemicals including freons, lead chromates, naphtanates, asbestos, mercury and cadmium; and reduced the amount of chemicals used in our plants 50% since 1991.

In use, Volvo was the first in the world to introduce into production a three-way catalytic converter with a Lambda sond, now called oxygen sensor, in 1976. The current version of this highly efficient system reduces emissions of harmful substances (CO, HC, NOx) from the exhaust pipe by approximately 95% and the search to eliminate the remaining emissions continues. Volvo is the only automobile manufacturer to offer CFC-free retrofit kits for the air conditioning system for all models back to the M/

Y 1975 240. Advanced electronic engine controls, refined purification systems and cleaner fuels are bringing us closer to our goal.

After Volvo cars and parts have fulfilled their use, recycling is the next critical step in completing the life cycle. The metal content is about 75% of the total weight of the car, which makes the car among the most recycled industrial products. In order to have efficient and well controlled recycling, many Volvo variants have printed dismantling manuals indication the weight and material of individual components.

For Volvo, all homogeneous plastic parts weighing more than 1.7 oz. (50 grams)are marked with international symbols that indicate how the component is to be sorted for recycling.

In addition to continuous environmental refinement of conventional gasoline-powered internal combustion engines, Volvo is actively looking at advanced technology alternative-fuel vehicles.

When you drive a Volvo, you become our partner in the work to lessen the car's impact on the environment.

To reduce your vehicle's environmental impact, you can:

Maintain proper air pressure in your tires. Tests have shown decreased fuel economy with file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_00.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:28 PM

1999 Volvo C70 improperly inflated tires

Follow the recommended maintenance schedule

Drive at a constant speed

See an authorized Volvo retailer as soon as possible for inspection if the check engine

(malfunction indicator) lamp illuminates, or stays on after the vehicle has started

Properly dispose of any vehicle related waste such as used motor oil, used batteries, brake pads, etc.

When cleaning your car, use Volvo's own car care products, all of which have systematically been adapted to the environment.

Contents

Important

Before you operate your car for the first time, please familiarize yourself with the BREAK-IN information on page 56.

You should also be familiar with the information in the first three

chapters of this manual.

Information contained in the balance of the manual is extremely useful and should be studied after operating the vehicle for the first time.

This manual is structured so that it can be used for reference. It should thus be kept in the car for ready access.

Do not export your Volvo to another country before investigating the country's applicable safety and exhaust emission requirements. In some cases it may be difficult or impossible to comply with these requirements. Modifications to the emission control system(s) may render your Volvo not

certifiable for legal operation in the U.S., Canada or other countries.

All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication. Volvo reserves the right to make model changes at any time, or to change specifications or design, without notice and without incurring obligation.

CAUTION: Certain models have reduced ground clearance due to the design of the front spoiler.

Please observe caution when e.g., driving onto garage hoists, through drifted snow or when other road debris is encountered, or when parking near curbs

©1998 Volvo Cars of North America Inc.

Shiftlock (automatic transmission only)

When your car is parked, the gear selector is locked in the (P)ark position. To release the selector from this position, turn the ignition key to position II (or start the engine), depress the brake pedal, press the button on the front side of the gear selector and move the selector from (P)ark. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_00.htm (3 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:28 PM

1999 Volvo C70

If it is necessary to manually override the shiftlock system:

Turn the starting (ignition) key to position I

Press firmly on the "SHIFTLOCK OVERRIDE" button located near the base of the gear selector.

While holding the override button down, press the button on the front of the gear selector.

Move the gear selector from the (P)ark position.

Keylock (automatic transmission only)

This means that when you switch off the ignition, the gear selector must be in the (P)ark position before the starting (ignition) key can be removed from the ignition switch.

Clutch interlock (manual transmission only)

The clutch must be fully depressed before you can start you car. If the clutch is not depressed, it will not be possible to start the engine.

Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)

The ABS system in your car performs a self-diagnostic test when the vehicle first reaches the speed of approximately 12 mph (20 km/h). The brake pedal will pulsate several times and a sound may be audible from the ABS control module. This is normal.

Fuel tank cover

The fuel tank cover is locked and must be popped open using the control on the driver's door.

Contents

Chapter 1 - Occupant safety 1

Chapter 2 - Instruments, switches and controls 15

Chapter 3 - Body and interior 39

Chapter 4 - Starting and driving 55

Chapter 5 - Wheels and tires 75

Chapter 6 - In case of an emergency 81

Chapter 7 - Car care 99

Chapter 8 - Volvo Service 105

Chapter 9 - Specifications 123

Chapter 10 - Audio systems 131

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Index 188

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Chapter 1 - Occupant safety

pg. 1 Occupant safety

Occupant safety

Despite our strongest recommendations, and your best intentions, not wearing a seat belt is like believing "It'll never happen to me!". Volvo urges you and all adult occupants of your car to wear seat belts and ensure that children are properly restrained, using an infant, car or booster seat determined by age, weight and height. Volvo also believes no child should sit in the front seat of a car.

Fact: In every state and province, some type of child-restraint legislation has been passed. Additionally, most states and provinces have already made it mandatory for occupants of a car to use seat belts.

So, urging you to "buckle up" is not just our recommendation - legislation in your state or province may mandate seat belt usage. The few seconds it takes to buckle up may one day allow you to say, "It's a good thing I was wearing my seat belt".

Seat belts 2

Volvo SRS 4

Side Impact Protection System - (SIPS) air bag

8

Child safety 9

Occupant safety 12

Reporting Safety Defects 12

pg. 2 Seat belts

Seat belts

Always fasten the seat belts before you drive or ride.

Two lights above the rear view mirror will be illuminated for 4-8 seconds after the starting (ignition) key is turned to the driving position. A chime will sound at the same time if the driver has not fastened his seat belt. The rear seats are provided with self-retracting inertia reel belts. The front seats are provided with single roller belts with tensioners. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_01.htm (1 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:29 PM

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Adjusting the shoulder belt

Lap portion of the seat belt should sit low

To buckle:

Pull the belt out far enough to insert the latch plate into the receptacle (buckle for rear seats) until a distinct snapping sound is heard. The seat belt retractor is normally "unlocked" and you can move freely, provided that the shoulder belt is not pulled out too far. The retractor will lock up as follows:

● if the belt is pulled out rapidly

● during braking and acceleration

● if the vehicle is leaning excessively

● when driving in turns

For the seat belt to provide maximum protection in the event of an accident, it must be worn correctly.

When wearing the seat belt remember:

The belt should not be twisted or turned.

The lap belt must be positioned low on the hips (not pressing against the abdomen).

The shoulder section of the front seat belts adjusts automatically to the driver's height.

Make sure that the shoulder belt is rolled up into its retractor and that the shoulder and lap belts are taut.

Before exiting the car, check that the seat belt retracts fully after being unbuckled.

If necessary, guide the belt back into the retractor slot.

NOTE: Legislation in your state or province may mandate seat belt usage.

For information on securing child seats, please refer to page 10.

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WARNING!

Any device used to induce slack into the shoulder belt portion of the three-point belt system will have a detrimental effect on the amount of protection available to you in the event of a collision. The seat back should not be tilted too far back. The shoulder belt must be taut in order to function properly.

Do not use child safety seats or child booster cushions/backrests in the front passenger's seat. We also recommend that children who have outgrown these devices sit in the rear with the seat belt properly fastened.

The rear seat of the Volvo C70 is intended for two occupants only. Only two three-point seat belts are provided. The center position should never be used to seat a passenger. pg. 3 Seat belts

During pregnancy

Pregnant women should always wear seat belts. Remember that the belt should always be positioned in such a way as to avoid any possible pressure on the abdomen. The lap portion of the belt should be located low, as shown in the above illustration. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_01.htm (3 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:29 PM

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WARNING!

The rear seat of the Volvo C70 is intended for two occupants only. Only two three-point seat belts are provided. The center position should never be used to seat a passenger.

Never use a seat belt for more than one occupant.

Never wear the shoulder portion of the belt under the arm, behind the back or otherwise out of position. Such use could cause injury in event of accident.

As the seat belts lose much of their strength when exposed to violent stretching, they should be replaced after any collision, even if they may appear to be undamaged.

Never repair the belt on your own; have this done by an authorized Volvo retailer only.

Any device used to induce slack into the shoulder belt portion of the three-point belt system will have a detrimental effect on the amount of protection available to you in the event of a collision.

The seat back should not be tilted too far back. The shoulder belt must be taut in order to function properly.

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1999 C70 pg. 4 Volvo SRS

Passenger side SRS hatch

As an enhancement to the three-point seat belt system, your Volvo is equipped with a Supplemental

Restraint System (SRS). The Volvo SRS consists of an airbag (2) and knee bolster (5) on both the driver's and passenger's sides and seat belt tensioners in both front door pillars (4). The system is designed to supplement the protection provided by the three-point seat belt system.

The SRS system is indicated by the "SRS" embossed on the steering wheel pad and above the glove compartment, the knee bolsters beneath the steering column and the glove compartment and decals on both sun visors and on the far right side of the dash.

The airbags are folded and located in the center of the steering wheel and above the glove compartment.

They are designed to deploy during certain frontal-angular collisions, impacts, or decelerations, depending on the crash severity, angle, speed and object impacted. The airbags may also deploy in certain non-frontal collisions where rapid deceleration occurs.

WARNING! As its name implies, SRS is designed to be a SUPPLEMENT to - not a replacement for

- the three-point belt system. For maximum protection, wear seat belts at all times. Be aware that no system can prevent all possible injuries that may occur in an accident.

The airbag system includes gas generators (1) surrounded by the airbags (2) and front seat belt tensioners for both of the front seats (4). To deploy the system, the sensor (3) activates the gas file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_02.htm (1 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:30 PM

1999 C70 generators causing the airbags to be inflated with nitrogen gas. As the movement of the seat's occupants compresses the airbags, some of the gas is expelled at a controlled rate to provide better cushioning.

Both seat belt tensioners also deploy, minimizing any seat belt slack.

The entire process, including inflation and deflation of the airbags, takes approximately two-tenths of a second.

WARNING! When installing any optional equipment, make sure that the SRS system is not damaged. Do not attempt to service any component of the SRS yourself. Attempting to do so may result in serious personal injury. If a problem arises, take your car to the nearest authorized Volvo retailer for inspection as soon as possible. pg. 5 Volvo SRS

A self-diagnostic system incorporated in the sensor monitors the SRS. This system does not, however, monitor the SIPS airbags. If a fault is detected, the "SRS" warning light will illuminate. The light is included in the warning/indicator light cluster in the instrument panel. Normally, the SRS warning lamp should light up when the ignition is switched on and should go out after 10 seconds or when the engine is started. Check that this light is functioning properly every time the car is started.

The following items are monitored by all the self-diagnostic system:

Sensor unit

Cable harness

Gas generator ignitors file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_02.htm (2 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:30 PM

1999 C70

WARNING!

Never drive an SRS equipped car with your hands on the steering wheel pad/airbag housing.

No objects, accessory equipment or stickers may be placed on, attached to or installed near the SRS cover in the center of the steering wheel, the SRS cover above the glove compartment or the area affected by the airbag deployment.

If the SRS warning light stays on after the engine has started or if it comes on while you are driving, drive the car to the nearest authorized Volvo retailer for inspection as soon as possible.

The above is a sample of the label found on all seat belts equipped with tensioners, located on the front seat belts near the lower anchorage point.

The above is a sample of the decal which can be found on the driver's door pillar.

There is no maintenance to perform on the SRS yourself. The only periodic maintenance recommended on the SRS is that the air bag modules and front seat belts (including tensioners) should be replaced approximately every ten years and that the other components in the system (wiring, connectors, etc.) should also be inspected at this time. The SRS decal on your car shows the month and year servicing is due. This service must be performed by an authorized Volvo retailer.

Should you have any questions about the SRS system, please contact your authorized Volvo retailer or

Volvo Customer Support: pg. 6 Volvo SRS (cont.) file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_02.htm (3 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:30 PM

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Passenger side air bag

SRS text at far right of instrument panel

SRS texts on inside of both sun visors

SRS texts on outside of both sun visors

WARNING! Do not use child safety seats or child boosters cushions/backrests in the front passenger's seat. We also recommend that children who have outgrown these devices sit in the rear seat with the seat belt properly fastened. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_02.htm (4 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:30 PM

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NOTE: Deployment of SRS components occurs only one time during an accident. In a collision where deployment occurs, the air bags and seat belt tensioners activate. Some noise occurs and a small amount of powder is released. The release of the powder may appear as smoke-like matter. This is a normal characteristic and does not indicate fire.

WARNING!

Children must never be allowed in the front passenger seat. Volvo recommends that ALL occupants (adults and children) shorter than four feet seven inches (140 cm) be seated in the back seat of the vehicle with a front passenger side airbag.

See page 10 for guidelines.

Occupants in the front passenger's seat must never sit on the edge of the seat, sit leaning toward the instrument panel or otherwise sit out of position. The occupant's back must be as upright as comfort allows and be against the seat back with the seat belt properly fastened.

Feet must be on the floor, e.g. not on the dash, seat or out of the window.

No objects or accessory equipment, e.g. dash covers, may be placed on, attached to or installed near the SRS hatch (the area above the glove compartment) or the area affected by airbag deployment

(see illustration).

There should be no loose articles, e.g. coffee cups, on the floor, seat or dash area.

Never try to open the SRS cover on the steering wheel or the passenger side SRS hatch. This should only be done by an authorized Volvo service technician.

Failure to follow these instructions can result in injury to the vehicle occupants in an accident. pg. 7 Volvo SRS (cont.)

NOTE: The information on this page does not pertain to the Side Impact protection System airbags.

When are the airbags deployed?

The SRS system is designed to deploy during certain frontal or front-angular collisions, impacts, or decelerations, depending in the crash severity, angle, speed, and object impacted. The SRS sensor is designed to react to both the impact of the collision and the inertial forces generated by it and to determine if the intensity of the collision is sufficient for the airbags to be deployed.

WARNING! The SRS is designed to help prevent serious injury. Deployment occurs very quickly and with considerable force. During normal deployment and depending on variables such as seating position, one may experience abrasions, bruises, swellings, or other injuries as a result of airbag(s) deployment.

If the airbags have been deployed, we recommend the following:

Have the car towed to an authorized Volvo retailer. Never drive with the airbags deployed.

Have an authorized Volvo retailer replace the SRS system components. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_02.htm (5 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:30 PM

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Use only new, Genuine Volvo Parts when replacing SRS components (airbags, seat belts, tensioners, etc.)

When are the airbags NOT deployed?

Not all frontal collisions activate the SRS system. If the collision involves a non-rigid object (e.g., a snow drift or bush), or a rigid, fixed object at a low speed, the SRS system will not necessarily deploy.

Airbags do not normally deploy in a side impact collision, in a collision from the rear or in a rollover situation. The amount of damage to the bodywork does not reliably indicate if the airbags should have deployed or not.

Seat belts - the heart of the Volvo safety system

The heart of the Volvo safety system is the three-point seat belt (a Volvo invention)! In order for the

SRS system to provide the protection intended, seat belts must be worn at all times by everyone in the car.

The SRS system is a supplement to the seat belts.

WARNING! If your car has been subjected to flood conditions (e.g. soaked carpeting/standing water on the floor of the vehicle) or if your car has become flood-damaged in any way, do not attempt to start the vehicle or put the key in the ignition before disconnecting the battery (see below). This may cause airbag deployment which could result in personal injury. Have the car towed to an authorized

Volvo retailer for repairs.

Automatic transmission only:

Before attempting to tow the car, use the following procedure to override the shiftlock system to move the gear selector to the neutral position.

Disconnect the battery

Wait at least one minute

Insert the key in the ignition and turn it to position 1

Press firmly on the shiftlock override button (located near the base of the gear selector).

While holding the override button down, move the gear selector from the park position.

WARNING! Never drive with the airbags deployed. The fact that they hang out can impair the steering of your car. Other safety systems can also be damaged. The smoke and dust formed when the airbags are deployed can cause skin and eye irritation in the event of prolonged exposure.

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1999 C70 pg. 8 Volvo Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) airbag

SIPS airbag decal *

SIPS airbag

As an enhancement to the structural Side Impact Protection System built into your car, your car is also equipped with Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) airbags. The SIPS airbag system consists of airbag modules built into the sides of both front seat backrests (1), cables (2) from these modules to the mechanical sensor units (3) and gas generators (4). The SIPS airbag system is designed to help increase occupant protection in the event of certain side impact collisions. The SIPS airbags are designed to deploy only during certain side-impact collisions, depending on the crash severity, angle, speed, and point of impact. The airbags are not designed to deploy in all side impact situations.

WARNING!

The SIPS airbag system is a supplement to the Side Impact Protection System and the three-point seat belt system. It is not designed to deploy during collisions from the front or rear of the car or in rollover situations.

The use of seat covers on the front seats may impede SIPS airbag deployment.

No objects, accessory equipment or stickers may be placed on, attached to or installed near the

SIPS airbag system or in the area affected by SIPS airbag deployment (see illustration to the right above).

Never try to open or repair any components of the SIPS airbag system. This should only be done by an authorized Volvo service technician.

For best protection from the SIPS airbag system, both front seat occupants should sit in an upright position with the seat belt properly fastened.

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1 - Airbag, 2 - cable, 3 - sensor unit, 4 - gas generator

WARNING!

Never drive with the airbags deployed. The fact that they hang out can impair the steering of your car. Other safety systems can also be damaged. The smoke and dust formed when the airbags are deployed can cause skin and eye irritation in the event of prolonged exposure.

If your car has been subjected to flood conditions (e.g. soaked carpeting/standing water on the floor of the vehicle) or if your car has become flood-damaged in any way, do not attempt to start the vehicle or put the key in the ignition before disconnecting the battery. This may cause airbag deployment which could result in personal injury. Have the car towed to an authorized Volvo retailer for repairs. pg. 9 Child safety

A - 5/16 UNC x 32 mm bolt, B - Anchorage plate, C - 10 mm spacer

Child Restraint Anchorages

Volvo cars can be fitted with Child Restraint Top Tether Anchorages in the rear seat.

There are two pre-drilled anchorage points in the rear window shelf. Remove the plug over the anchorage point you want to use. This can be done with a suitable coin. The plug is removed counterclockwise.

In cars designed for Canada, one top tether anchorage set will be in the glove box.

Installing the top tether

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The pre-drilled holes for the child restraint anchorages are located in the rear window shelf.

Refer to the child seat manufacturer's instructions for securing the seat.

WARNING! Child Restraint Anchorages are designed to withstand only those loads imposed by correctly fitted Child Restraints. Under no circumstances are they to be used for adult seat belts or harnesses. The anchorages are not able to withstand excessive forces on them in the event of collision if full harness seat belts or adult seat belts are installed to them. An adult who uses a belt anchored in a Child Restraint Anchorage runs a great risk of suffering severe injuries should a collision occur. Do not install rear speakers which would require the removal of the top tether anchors or interfere with the proper use of the top tether strap.

WARNING!

The rear seat of the Volvo C70 is intended for two occupants only. Only two three-point seat belts are proviced. The center position should never be used to seat a passenger. pg. 10 Child safety (cont.)

Keeping child seats in place (ALR/ELR*)

To make child seat installation easier, each seat belt (except for the driver's belt) is equipped with a locking mechanism to help keep the seat belt taut.

When attaching the seat belt to a child seat:

Attach the seat belt to the child seat according to the child seat manufacturer's instructions.

Pull the seat belt out as far as possible.

Insert the seat belt latch plate into the buckle (lock) in the usual way.

Release the seat belt and pull it taut around the child seat.

A sound from the seat belt retractor will be audible at this time and is normal.

The belt will now be locked in place.

This function is automatically disabled when the seat belt is unlocked and the belt is fully

retracted.

* Automatic Locking Retractor/Emergency Locking Retractor

Important!

Why Volvo believes no child should sit in the front seat of a car.

It's quite simple really. A front air bag is a very powerful device designed, by law, to help protect an adult. Because of the size of the air bag and its speed of inflation, a child should never be placed in the front seat, even if he or she is properly belted or strapped into a child safety seat. Volvo has been an innovator in safety for over fifty years, and we'll continue to do our part. But we need your help. Please remember to put your children in the back seat, and buckle them up. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_03.htm (3 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:30 PM

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Volvo has some very specific recommendations:

Always wear your seat belt.

Air bags are a SUPPLEMENTAL safety device which when used in conjunction with a three-point seat belt can help reduce serious injuries during certain types of severe accidents. Please do not disconnect the air bag system in your vehicle.

Volvo strongly recommends that ALL children sit in the rear seat of any vehicle and that they be properly restrained.

A child should NEVER sit in the front passenger seat of any vehicle equipped with a front passenger side airbag.

Volvo recommends that ALL occupants (adults and children) shorter than four feet seven inches (140 cm) be seated in the back seat of any vehicle with a front passenger side airbag.

Drive safely! pg. 11 Child safety (cont.)

Child safety

Volvo recommends the proper use of restraint systems for all occupants including children. Remember that, regardless of age and size, a child should always be properly restrained in a car.

Restraint systems for children are designed to be secured in the vehicle by lap belts or the lap portion of a lap-shoulder belt. Such child restraint systems can help protect children in cars in the event of an accident only if they are used properly. However, children could be endangered in d crash if the child restraints are not properly secured in the vehicle. Failure to follow the installation instructions for your child restraint can result in your child striking the vehicle's interior in a sudden stop.

Holding a child in your arms is NOT a suitable substitute for a child restraint system. In an accident, a child held in a person's arms can be crushed between the vehicle's interior and an unrestrained person.

The child could also be injured by striking the interior, or by being ejected from the vehicle during a sudden maneuver or impact. The same can also happen if the infant or child rides unrestrained on the seat. Other occupants should also be properly restrained to help reduce the chance of injuring or increasing the injury of a child.

All states and provinces have legislation governing how and where children should be carried in a car.

Find out the regulations existing in your state or province. Recent accident statistics have shown that children are safer in rear seating positions than front seating positions when properly restrained. A child restraint system can help protect a child in a vehicle. Here's what to look for when selecting a child restraint system:

It should have a label certifying that it meets applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards

(FMVSS 213) - or in Canada, CMVSS 213.

Make sure the child restraint system is approved for the child's height, weight and development - the label required by the standard or regulation, or instructions for infant restraints, typically provide this information.

In using any child restraint system, we urge you to look carefully over the instructions that are

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provided with the restraint. Be sure you understand them and can use the device properly and safely in this vehicle. A misused child restraint system can result in increased injuries for both the infant or child and other occupants in the vehicle.

If your child restraint requires a top tether strap, consult your authorized Volvo retailer for top tether anchorage and installation information.

When a child has outgrown the child safety seat, you should use the rear seat with the standard seat belt fastened. The best way to help protect the child here is to place the child on a cushion so that the seat belt is properly located on the hips

(see page 10 ) .

A specially designed and tested booster cushion (not available in Canada ) for children between 22.7 -

36 kg (50 - 80 lbs) and 117- 137 cm (46 - 54") can be obtained from your Volvo retailer.

WARNING! Do not use child safety seats or child booster cushions/backrests in the front passenger's seat. We also recommend that children who have outgrown these devices sit in the rear seat with the seat belt properly fastened. pg. 12 Occupant Safety

Seat belt maintenance

Check periodically that the anchor bolts are secure and that the belts are in good condition. Use water and a mild detergent for cleaning. Check seat belt mechanism function as follows: Attach the seat belt and pull rapidly on the strap.

Volvo Concern for Safety

Safety is the cornerstone for Volvo. Our concern dates back to 1927 when the first Volvo rolled off the production line. Three-point seat belts (a Volvo invention), safety cages, and energy-absorbing impact zones were designed into Volvo cars long before it was fashionable or required by government regulation. We will not compromise our commitment to safety. We continue to seek out new safety features and to refine those already in our cars. You can help. We would appreciate hearing your suggestions about improving automobile safety. We also want to know if you ever have a safety concern with your car. Call us in the U.S. at: 800-458-1552 or in Canada at: 800-663-8255.

Occupant safety

How safely you drive doesn't depend on how old you are but rather on:

● how well you see

● your ability to concentrate

● how quickly you make decisions under stress to avoid an accident.

The tips listed below are suggestions to help you cope with the ever changing traffic environment.

Never drink and driver.

If you are taking any medication, consult your physician about its potential effects on your driving abilities.

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Have your eyes checked regularly

Keep your windshield and headlamps clean.

Replace wiper blades when they start to leave streaks.

Take into account the traffic, road, and water conditions, particularly with regard to stopping distance.

Reporting Safety Defects in the U.S.

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety

Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Volvo Cars of North America. If

NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign.

However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your retailer, or Volvo Cars of North America. To contact NHTSA, you may either call the

Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHSTA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.

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Chapter 2 - Instruments, switches and controls

pg. 14 Instruments, switches and controls

Click on numbered item below for more information

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The pages in this section provide detailed descriptions of the vehicle's instruments and controls. Note that vehicles may be equipped differently, depending on special legal requirements.

Page

1

Air vents

33

2

Headlights, parking lights

20

3

Instrument illumination

22

4

Rear fog light

22

5

Front fog lights (optional)

6 Space for additional equipment

7 Space for additional equipment

8

Instruments

22

14-15

9

Traction control system (optional)

23

10

Trip computer (optional)

26-28

11

Electrically operated sun roof (optional)

41

12

Rear window demister/heated door mirrors

23

13

Air mix

33

14

Air vents

33

15

Passenger side air bag (SRS) hatch

4-6

16

Air vents

33

17

Hood release

51

18

Turn signals, high/low beams

20

Cruise control

29

19

Adjustable steering wheel

32

20

Windshield wiper/washer

21

21

Heated front seats (optional)

30

22

Auxiliary socket

31

23

Audio systems

131

24

Heating and ventilation controls

33-35

25

Hazard warning flashers

23

26

Ashtray

31

27 Coin holder

28

Shiftlock release button (automatic transmission only)

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29

Gear selector shift positions

60-62

30

Transmission mode selectors

62

31

Parking brake

30

32

Horn/SRS

4-6

33

Trunk open control

52

34

Power window controls

36

35

Power mirror controls

48

36

Fuel tank open control

37

37

Central locking button

36

Some of the items above are available on certain models only. pg. 16 Instruments

1 Fuel gauge

The fuel tank holds approximately 17.9 US gals. (68 liters). When the warning light comes on there is approximately 1.8 US gals. (8 liters) of fuel remaining.

See "Refueling" for further information.

2 Temperature gauge

Do not drive the car with the pointer in the red range. The pointer should be approximately midway on the gauge face when driving. If the pointer approaches the red range repeatedly, check coolant level.

See page 130 .

3 Speedometer

4 Clock, ambient temperature sensor, trip computer (certain models)

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5 Odometer

6 Trip odometer

Used for measuring shorter distances. The last digit indicates 1/10 mile/kilometer.

7 Trip odometer reset button

8 Tachometer

Reads thousands of engine rpm.

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1999 C70 pg. 17 Indicator and warning lights

Click on numbered light for more information

1. Turn signal, left

2. Turn signal, right

3. Cruise control

4. Low washer fluid level

If the lamp glows continuously when the engine is running, there is only about 1/2 -1 US qt. remaining in the washer fluid reservoir.

5. Low fuel level

When the lamp glows, only about 1.8 US gals.

(8 liters) of fuel remain.

If the ignition is switched on while refuelling, the gauge may read inaccurately for up to 25 minutes.

6. Rear fog light

7. High beams

8. Trunk open

9. Bulb failure warning sensor

10. (Not in use)

11. Electronic Throttle System

(ETS)

12. SRS indicator lamp

13. Generator not charging

14. Low engine oil pressure

15. Brake warning light

16. Parking brake applied

17. ABS system

18. Transmission mode "W or gear positions 3 or L engaged (automatic transmissions)

19. Low coolant level

20. Stability and Traction control(STC) System

(option)

21. Malfunction indicator lamp

(See page 18 for more information)

22. Service reminder indicator pg. 18 Warning lights

The warning lights described on pages 18 and 19 should never stay on when driving

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When the ignition key is turned on, and before the engine starts, all of the warning lights should be on to test the function of the bulbs. Should a light not go off after the engine has started, the system indicated should be inspected. However, the parking brake reminder light will not go off until the parking brake is fully released.

Generator warning light

If the light comes on while the engine is running, have the charging system checked.

Malfunction indicator lamp

If the lamp comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the engine diagnostic system has detected a possible fault in the emission control system. Although driveability may not be affected, see an authorized Volvo retailer as soon as possible for inspection.

NOTE: If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the car is refueled, the

Malfunction Indicator Lamp may indicate a fault. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.

Oil pressure warning light

If the light comes on while driving, stop the car and then stop the engine immediately and check

the engine oil level.

See page 114 . If the light stays on after restart, have the car towed to the nearest

authorized Volvo retailer. After hard driving, the light may come on occasionally when the engine is idling. This is normal, provided it goes off when the engine speed is increased.

Fault in ETC(Electronic Throttle Control system)

If this lamp comes on, there is a fault in the engine control system and driveability will be affected.

Switch the ignition off and then on again. If the light remains on, the system should be inspected by an authorized Volvo retailer.

Parking brake reminder light

This light will be on when the parking brake (hand brake) is applied. The parking brake lever is situated between the front seats. Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

Brake failure warning light

If the light comes on while driving or braking, stop immediately, open the hood and check the

brake fluid level in the reservoir. See page 121 for reservoir position.

Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

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WARNING! If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir: DO NOT

DRIVE. Tow the car to a Volvo retailer and have the brake system checked and any leakage repaired. pg. 19 Warning lights (cont.)

STC disengaged (option)

The indicator light ( ) in the instrument panel will be ON when you have switched the Stability

and Traction Control system (STC) OFF using the button on the dashboard (See page 23).

The

light will also come on it there is a fault in the STC system or to indicate that the brakes have overheated. The light will go out when the brake temperature returns to normal. Consult you

Volvo retailer.

The symbol will flash when the STC is actively regulating power to the drive wheels. Normal power may be reduced at this time. This is normal as power in momentarily reduced to help keep the drive wheels from losing traction and spinning.

Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)

If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will however function). The vehicle should be driven to a Volvo retailer for inspection.

See page 70 for additional information.

Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

Coolant level sensor

If the light comes on while driving, the coolant level is low. The coolant level in the expansion tank should be checked immediately and topped up if necessary. The cooling system should be inspected by an authorized Volvo retailer.

Mode "W" engaged

The lamp will light up when the Winter/Wet starting mode is engaged or if gears "3" or "L" are selected.

If the warning lamp begins to flash, this means that there is a fault in the automatic gearbox.

Contact your Volvo retailer.

Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)

If the light comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the SRS diagnostic system has detected a fault. Drive to an authorized Volvo retailer for an inspection of the system. See the SRS

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section for more information.

Service reminder indicator

This light will come on at 7,500 mile (12,000 km) intervals*, after 750 hours of driving or after 12 months, whichever occurs first. It is a reminder to the driver that the service interval has been exceeded. The light will stay on for 2 minutes after the start until reset by the servicing retailer.

Bulb failure warning light

The light will come on if any of the following bulbs are defective:

one of the low beam headlights

one of the tail lights

one of the brake lights when the brake pedal is depressed.

Check the fuse and bulb. See sections "Replacing bulbs" and

"fuses" .

Should the warning light come on after a defective outside bulb has been replaced, the corresponding bulb on the other side of the car should also be replaced.

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1999 C70 pg. 20 Headlights, Parking lights, Turn signals

Headlights and parking lights

O All lights off *

Parking lights on *

Headlights and parking lights are on if starting (ignition) switch is in positions I or II.

If the headlight switch is in position all lights will go out when starting switch is switched off.

With the headlight switch in position the parking lights will stay on (headlights off) with the daytime running light screw (A) in position

The high beams can only be switched on if the headlight switch is in position .

Switch from high to low beams and vice versa by moving the turn signal switch lever on the left side of the steering column towards the steering wheel.

* See Page 24

for information on Daytime running lights

Exterior courtesy lights

When you leave your car at night, you can make use of the exterior courtesy lighting function:

Remove the key from the ignition switch.

Pull the direction indicator lever towards the steering wheel (as when using the headlight flasher function).

The low beam headlights will now remain on for 30 seconds to light your way. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_06.htm (1 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:32 PM

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Turn signals

1 Lane change position. In maneuvers such as lane changing, the driver can flash the turn signals by moving the turn signal lever to the first stop and holding it there. The lever will return to the neutral position when released.

2 Signal lever engaged for normal turns

3 High beam/low beam switch (headlights on)

Move the lever towards the steering wheel and release it.

Headlight flasher (headlights off)

Move the lever towards the steering wheel. The headlight high beam will be on until the lever is released.

NOTE: A defective turn signal bulb will cause the turn signal indicator and remaining signal lights to flash more rapidly than normal. pg. 21 Windshield wipers/washers, Ignition switch

Windshield wipers/washers

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With switch in this position, the wipers will sweep approximately every seventh second.

2 "Single sweep" position.

The switch returns automatically when released

3 Wipers, normal speed.

4 Wipers, high speed

5 Windshield wiper/washer, headlight wiper/washer (certain models)

The wiper will make 2-3 complete sweeps across the windshield and headlights after the lever is released.

O Locked position:

Remove the key to lock the steering wheel*

WARNING! Never turn the key to position O while driving or when the car is being towed.

I Intermediate position:

Certain accessories, radio, etc. on, daytime running lights off.

II Drive position:

Key position when engine is running.

III Starting position:

Release the key when the engine starts. The key returns automatically to the Drive position.

* On cars equipped with an automatic transmission the gear selector must also be in the (P)ark position.

Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock

The steering wheel lock might be under tension when the car is parked. Turn the steering wheel slightly to free the ignition key.

In order to reduce car theft, make sure the steering wheel lock is engaged before leaving the car.

A chime will sound if the starting key is left in the ignition lock and the front door on the driver's side is opened. pg. 22 Instrument illumination, Fog lights file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_06.htm (3 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:32 PM

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1 - Instrument illumination

To increase the brightness: move the thumbwheel up.

To decrease the brightness: move the thumbwheel down.

2 - Rear foglight*

The rear fog light (located in the driver's side tail light cluster) is considerably brighter than the normal tail lights and should be used only when the atmospheric conditions, such as fog, rain, snow, smoke or dust reduce the daytime or nighttime visibility of other vehicles to less than 500 ft (150 meters).

For the rear fog light to function, the low beam headlights must be switched on.

* By design, there is one rear foglight only, located in the driver's side tail light cluster.

3 - Front fog lights (option)

The front fog lights, located in the front spoiler, will only function in combination with the low beam headlights.

4 - Space for optional equipment

5 - Space for optional equipment

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1999 C70 pg. 23 TRACS, Sun roof, Trip computer, Hazard warning flashers, Demister

6 - Stability and Traction Control (STC) - option

See

page 71

for more information on this.

7 - Trip computer - option

Turn the dial to the desired function.

For more information, see pages 26-28

.

8 - Electrically operated sun roof - option

See

page 41

for operating instructions.

9 - Rear window demister, heated side-view mirrors

Press the switch to start heating the rear window and side-view mirrors. The control light in the switch will illuminate.

A timer switches off the system after approximately 12 minutes. The control light will go out correspondingly.

Hazard warning flashers

The four-way flasher (located above the ashtray) should be used to indicate that the vehicle has become a traffic hazard.

NOTE: Regulations regarding the use of the hazard warning flasher may vary from state to state. pg. 24 Daytime running lights file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_07.htm (1 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:33 PM

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Automatic daytime running lights

Screw A in the illustration (available on U.S. models only) is used to control the automatic daytime running lights when the headlight switch is in position 0.

The low beams, tail lights, parking lights and license plate lights will come on automatically when then ignition is switched on.

To adjust, press in the screw with a small screwdriver and turn to one of the following positions:

Automatic daytime running lights

Automatic daytime running lights

The daytime running lights will also function when the headlight switch is in position and switch A is in this position.

All lights off (daytime running light function disabled)

NOTE: The daytime running light function may only be disabled (turned off) in the U.S. - Canadian law mandates the use of daytime running lights. pg. 25 Clock, Ambient temperature sensor (certain models)

Resetting the clock

The digital clock can be reset by pressing one of the two buttons (A and B) with a pointed object such as the tip of a pen.

h = hours

m = minutes

Maintain the pressure on the buttons for more than four seconds to change the time more quickly.

Note: All digital displays will go off 30 minutes after the ignition has been switched off. To view these displays again, turn the ignition key to position 1. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_07.htm (2 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:33 PM

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Ambient temperature sensor

This sensor indicates the temperature slightly above the road surface and represents air temperature where road icing may occur. An amber warning lamp (C) lights up when the temperature is in the range of 23 - 36° F (-5 - +2° C). Please note that this lamp does not indicate a fault with your car.

At low speeds or when the car is not moving, the temperature readings may be slightly higher than the actual ambient temperature due to the heat generated by the engine.

Display alternatives

If buttons A and B are pressed down simultaneously, it is possible to shift between four different display alternatives:

Press 1st time: 12 hour clock and °F

Press 2nd time: 24 hour clock and °F

Press 3rd time: 12 hour clock and °C

Press 4th time: 24 hour clock and °C

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1999 C70 pg. 26 Trip computer (certain models)

Trip computer

The trip computer offers six functions which are presented in a single display. The cursor indicates the selected function. The trip computer's clock is shown permanently in the left-hand field. Refer to the previous page for more detailed information regarding the clock function.

The following data is monitored by the computer:

Average speed

Current fuel consumption

Average fuel consumption

Ambient temperature*

Tripmeter

Driving distance on current fuel reserve

* Warning light A in the illustration above. See page 28 for more details.

Trip computer controls

Select one of the trip computer's six functions by using control B. The Reset button (C) is used to reset the following functions:

Average speed

Average fuel consumption

Trip meter

Rotate the control to the required position and press the button for at least two seconds to reset the selected function.

NOTE: If pressure is maintained on the button for another three seconds, all three of the functions mentioned above will be reset. pg. 27 Trip computer (certain models) (cont.) file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_08.htm (1 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:33 PM

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Average speed Ø mph (Canada: km/h)

Average speed since the function was last reset. When the ignition is switched off, the average speed is stored in memory and is used as the basis for the new figure when the engine is started again. It can be reset by pressing the reset button on the trip computer control.

Current fuel consumption mpg (Canada: L/100 km)

Continuous information on current fuel consumption, calculated once per second. When the car is not moving, the display shows "---".

Average fuel consumption Ø mpg (Canada: L/100 km)

Average fuel consumption since the function was last reset. When the ignition is switched off, the average fuel consumption figure is stored in memory and remains in memory until it is reset using the button on the trip computer control. pg. 28 Trip computer (certain models) (cont.)

Ambient temperature

Shows the ambient temperature just above the road surface while driving. When the temperature is in the range 23 - 36° F (-5 - +2° C), the ambient temperature sensor activates an indicator light in the

"snowflake" symbol to help alert the driver of possible slippery driving conditions. Please note that this

lamp does not indicate a fault with your car.

At low speeds or when the car is not moving, the temperature readings may be slightly higher than the actual ambient temperature due to the heat generated by the engine.

Tripmeter in miles (Canada: km)

Shows the distance driven since the function was last reset. This value is stored in memory until it is reset using the reset button on the trip computer control. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_08.htm (2 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:33 PM

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Driving distance on current fuel reserve mile - 0 (Canada: km)

Shows the distance which can be driven on the fuel remaining in the tank, calculated on the basis of the average fuel consumption during the last 12 miles (20 km) driven and the amount of fuel remaining in the tank at the time of the reading.

When the quantity of fuel drops to below approximately 1.8 US gals. (8 liters), a warning light in the instrument panel comes on. When the driving distance on the current fuel reserve is less than 12 miles

(20 km), the display shows "—".

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1999 C70 pg. 29 Cruise control

Cruise control

The cruise control switches are located on the turn signal lever. The indicator light on the instrument

panel (see page 17)

will come on when cruise control is engaged.

To engage and set the desired speed:

1. Set switch (B) to ON.

2. Accelerate to the desired cruise speed.

3. Press the + or - area of the SET button (A) to set the desired speed.

NOTE: The cruise control cannot be engaged at speeds below 22 mph (35 km).

Braking

This will automatically disengage the cruise control. The previously selected cruise speed is retained in the memory and by momentarily setting the switch to RESUME position, that speed will be re-engaged.

If the cruise control is already engaged, the cruising speed can be increased or decreased by depressing the SET button (A) towards either + or -. One short press on the button corresponds to a speed change of approx. 1 mph (1.6 km/h). When the button is released, the vehicle will maintain the current speed.

If actual speed falls below 70% of the set speed or if the wheels spin or lock, the cruise control will disengage automatically.

NOTE: (AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION)

When driving up steep hills with the cruise control engaged, the transmission may shift intermittently.

Acceleration

Momentary acceleration, such as for passing, does not interrupt cruise control operation. The previously selected speed will be maintained without having to set the switch to RESUME.

To disengage the cruise control system:

Set switch (B) to OFF, depress the brake pedal or move the gear selector to position N. Switching off the starting (ignition) switch will automatically disengage the cruise control system.

On cars equipped with manual transmissions, the cruise control can also be disengaged by depressing the clutch.

WARNING! The cruise control should not be used in heavy traffic or when driving on wet or slippery roads. Do not use or resume cruise control in reverse gear. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_09.htm (1 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:34 PM

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NOTE: When the ignition is switched off, any information stored in the cruise control memory is erased. pg. 30 Heated front seats (certain models), Parking brake

Heated front seats

The heated front seats can be switched on and off as required. When switched on, the system senses the ambient temperature and regulates the level of heat applied. When the optimum temperature is reached, the heating switches off automatically. While driving, the seat heating for the passenger seat should be switched off when the seat is not occupied.

NOTE: The passenger seat heater will not function if the seat is not occupied.

Parking brake lever

Parking brake (hand brake)

The lever is situated between the front seats.

The brake is applied to the rear wheels. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_09.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:34 PM

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WARNING! Always use the parking brake (hand brake) when parking. On hills, also turn the front wheels toward the curb. pg. 31 Auxiliary socket, Ashtrays

Front ashtray

To open the front ashtray, press lightly on the panel.

To empty the front ashtray:

Put the gear selector (aut. transmission) in position L. To release the gear selector from the (P)ark position, the ignition key must be in position II and the brake pedal must be depressed.

Grasp the front edge of the ashtray and pull it straight out.

Rear seat auxiliary socket* and ashtray

Rear ashtrays

To open the rear ash tray, pull it straight out. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_09.htm (3 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:34 PM

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To empty the rear ash tray, pull it out, lift up the rear edge and remove.

Auxiliary socket*

Auxiliary socket

This 12 volt socket can be used to plug in certain accessories such as cellular telephones, etc.

NOTE: The "OBD II" terminal, a connector for diagnostic equipment, is located under the cover of the storage compartment between the front seats. This terminal is intended for use by authorized service technicians only.

* The auxiliary sockets can also be used as cigarette lighters.

The key must be in position I (or higher) for the auxiliary socket to function. pg. 32 Steering wheel adjustment

...to adjust height

...to adjust length

Pull down...

Steering wheel adjustment

Both the height and the reach of the steering wheel can be adjusted to a comfortable position for the file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_09.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:34 PM

1999 C70 driver. Pull down the lever on the left of the steering column. Adjust the steering wheel to a suitable position and press the lever back into place to lock the steering wheel in the new position. Check that the steering wheel is locked in the new position.

WARNING! Never adjust the steering wheel while driving.

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1999 C70 pg. 33 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning

Airmix Vent - open (A)/closed (B)

Heating and air conditioning

Your Volvo is equipped with a heating system combined with air conditioning. Depending on which function you select, warm or cool/cold air is distributed to the different parts of the passenger compartment. A slight amount of condensation may be emitted from the air vents when the air conditioning is initially switched on. This can occur when both humidity and ambient temperature are high and is normal.

Air mix (fresh air)

The center panel vents have an air mix function which allows fresh air to enter the passenger compartment when the vents are open (position B). This function is designed to allow you to direct cool air toward your face while directing warmer air to the rest of the passenger compartment.

To warm/cool the compartment as quickly as possible, the air mix control should be in the closed

position.

Air vents (dash)

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B Open

C Directing air flow horizontally

D Directing air flow vertically

Refrigerant

Volvo cares about the environment. The air conditioning system in your car contains a CFC-free refrigerant - R134a. This substance will not deplete the ozone layer. The system contains 1.63 lbs (0.75 kg) R134a and uses ZXL 100PG (type PAG) oil.

NOTE: All maintenance on the climate control systems should be carried out by an authorized Volvo service technician only. pg. 34 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (Electronic Climate Control)

Temperature dial

Driver's side

Set desired temperature

Function selector

Set for desired air flow

Temperature dial

Passenger's side

Set desired temperature

BLOWER

AUT=Blower speed automatically regulated.

0=OFF

Move the knob to the right to increase blower speed.

RECIRCULATION

Air in the passenger compartment recirculates

(no fresh air enters the car).

The amber light in the righthand button is ON when the function is engaged. It should not be used for more than 15 minutes*. The green light in the left-hand button indicates that outside air can enter the passenger compartment.

AC ON/OFF

The lights in the buttons indicate if the A/C is off or on**. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_10.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:36 PM

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** When the function selector is in the defrost setting, the A/C system is always ON and the blower will function at its highest speed if it is in the AUT position.

Function selector

AUT Air distribution automatically regulated.

Air through panel vents

Defrost. Air to windshield and side windows.

Air to floor, windshield and side windows.

Air through floor vents.

Bi-level. Air through floor and panel vents.

* Pressing the On section of the button for more than three seconds activates a timer function.

Recirculation will then always operate for 5 minute periods, after which the button will flash to indicate that recirculation has automatically switched off. Pressing the OFF button at any time during the 5 minute period will allow fresh air into the passenger compartment. Press the ON button again for more than 3 seconds to return the button to its original function (i.e., Recirculation will remain on until the

OFF button is pressed). pg. 35 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (Electronic Climate Control) (cont.)

Automatic Setting

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Set the function selector and blower control to AUT and select the desired temperature. If the driver's side temperature selector is set to either the max heating or max cooling position, the blower will run at its maximum speed.

Optimum defrosting

Set the function selector to and move the blower control to the position AUT (as far to the left as possible). The A/C system will be on at this time even if the AC OFF button is depressed and the blower will run at its maximum speed. When the windows have cleared, set the function selector in the AUT position.

Additional information

The air conditioning system will function best if it is always left on.

Always keep the air intake grille at the base of the windshield under the rear edge of the hood free of snow.

Water under the vehicle in hot weather can be the result of condensation from the air conditioning system and is quite normal.

The air conditioning is disengaged when the blower is set at 0 and the speed of the vehicle is less than

20 mph (30 km/h).

The air conditioning system functions only at temperatures above 32 F (O C).

RECIRCULATION: Use this function if the outside air is contaminated with exhaust gases, smoke, etc or to heat/cool the car quickly. When Recirculation is activated, very little air is drawn into the passenger compartment from the outside. If your windows begin to fog or mist, check that the

recirculation function is NOT engaged.

NOTE: To help maintain stable passenger compartment temperature when driving with the sun roof or windows open, place the blower control in position "O" and adjust the desired temperature manually.

If the panel vents are open, a certain amount of air will always flow through, regardless of the position the function dial is in. To increase the flow of air to either the floor or the windows, close the panel vents and open the outer vents.

The panel vents may emit some condensation when the air conditioning is initially switched on and is quite normal.

This may occur if the ambient temperature and humidity are high.

The sunlight sensor (located at the top center of the dashboard) should not be covered in any way as this could cause incorrect information to be sent to the ECC system.

The air conditioning is momentarily disengaged during full-throttle acceleration.

Difficult weather conditions

When driving in very humid conditions, heavy rain, sleet, etc., it may be better to use the manual rather file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_10.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:36 PM

1999 C70 than the automatic setting to defrost the windows. Set the mode selector to "Defrost" or "Defrost/ floor" and the fan speed to mid-range. Also shut the center air vents.

Faults in the ECC system

The RECIRCULATION ON and AC OFF lights will flash for approximately 20 seconds if a fault is detected in the ECC system. If this flashing recurs the next time the system is switched on, the climate control unit should be checked by an authorized Volvo retailer.

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1999 C70 pg. 36 Electrically-operated front windows, Central locking button

A- Left front, B- right front, C- central locking button

Electrically-operated windows (A/B)

The electrically-operated windows are controlled by switches in the driver's door (A and B in the illustration above). The starting (ignition) switch must be ON (intermediate position I) for the electrically-operated windows to function. The window is lowered by pressing down on the front edge of the button and raised by pulling up on the front edge of the button.

NOTE: Driver's window only (AUTO): The window can be opened completely by pressing the front part of the switch lightly and releasing it immediately. The window can be stopped by pressing the button again. If the button is held down, the window will be lowered until the button is released.

The power window motors have an overload protecting circuit breaker which is activated when an object blocks a window. Should this occur, remove the object and wait 20 seconds for the circuit breaker to reset. The power windows should then function.

WARNING! Make sure that childrens' hands are clear before raising the windows.

Central locking button (C)

Press the switch to lock/unlock the doors and the trunk.

Lock: Press the left side of the button

Unlock: Press the right side of the button

NOTE: To help prevent accidentally locking the keys in the car, the central locking system is designed to unlock the doors immediately if the key is left in the ignition switch and the car is locked using the lock button on the door. A sound from the lock will be audible at this time.

Please note that this function will not unlock the doors if the engine is running. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_11.htm (1 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:36 PM

1999 C70 pg. 37 Rear windows, Fuel tank cover

Opening the rear windows

The rear windows can be opened to a "ventilation position" by depressing the lock button and pushing the catch outward (see illustration above).

Opening the fuel tank cover

The fuel tank cover is locked and must be popped open using the control on the driver's door. Pull the control button towards you to release the fuel tank cover.

See page 97 for instructions on manually opening the fuel tank cover.

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1999 C70

Chapter 3 - Body and interior

pg. 39 Body and interior

Body and interior

The seats, sun roof, mirrors, etc. are described on the following pages.

Storage compartments 40

Sun roof 41

Keys, doors and locks 42

Remote keyless entry system 43

Alarm 44

Front seats 46

Rear/side view mirrors 48

Interior lights, Vanity mirrors 49

Long load storage 50

Hood 51

Opening the trunk 52

Trunk light, Spare tire, Jack 53

Securing cargo, Avoiding battery drain 54

pg. 40 Storage compartments file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_12.htm (1 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:37 PM

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1 Glove compartment

2 Shelf under glove compartment

3 Coin Holder

4 Compartment in door

5 Pocket on rear of front seat

6 Compartment between front seats

7 Cup holder

WARNING! Packages on the rear window shelf can obscure vision and may become dangerous projectiles in the event of a sudden stop or an accident. pg. 41 Sun roof (option) file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_12.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:37 PM

1999 C70

Sliding sun roof

Electrically-operated sun roof

The switch for operating the sun roof is located on the instrument panel. The starting (ignition) key must first be turned to the drive position (position II). The sun roof is also equipped with a one-touch, AUTOopen function.

AUTO-open: Press the lower section of the switch once to automatically open the sun roof. The

AUTO-open function can be stopped at any time by pressing the switch.

To close the sun roof: Depress the upper section of the switch until the sun roof has closed

completely.

Sun visor

To open the rear edge of the sun roof (ventilation position): With the sun roof closed, depress the upper section of the switch. To close, depress the lower section of the switch until the sun roof has closed completely.

To slide open the sun roof: Depress the lower section of the switch until the sun roof has opened to the position you prefer or hold the switch until the sun roof reaches the "comfort position"*. Depress the lower section of the switch again to open the sun roof completely.

Sun visor: The sun roof also features a sliding sun visor. The visor slides back automatically when the sun roof is opened and also slides back slightly when the sun roof is opened to the ventilation position.

The visor must be closed manually.

CAUTION: Do not close the sun visor when the sun roof is in the ventilation position as this could damage the mechanism.

NOTE:

The electrically-operated sun roof has an overload protecting circuit breaker (fuse no. 37) which is file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_12.htm (3 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:37 PM

1999 C70 activated when an object blocks the sun roof. Should this occur, remove the object and wait 20 seconds for the circuit breaker to reset. The sun roof should then function normally. Also check fuse no. 35.

WARNING! The sun roof must never be obstructed in any way when in operation. pg. 42 Keys, doors and locks

Master key

This key operates all locks (ignition switch/steering wheel lock, driver's door, trunk and glove compartment).

Service key

This key operates the driver's door and the ignition switch/steering wheel lock.

Doors and locks

Your car is equipped with a central locking system.

The key, used on the driver's door, the remote control, or central locking button, will lock/unlock both doors, and the trunk.

Turn the key once to unlock the driver's door only.

Turn the key again (within 10 seconds) to unlock both doors and the trunk.

One turn with the key towards lock in the drivers door locks both doors and the trunk.

Use the switch on the front door armrests to lock/unlock the car from the inside.

Check the action of the buttons on the other door to verify its function (lock/unlock).

WARNING! The doors should not be locked while driving. In case of an accident, this may hinder rapid access to the occupants of the vehicle. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_12.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:37 PM

1999 C70

NOTE:

If a door is not closed completely, the courtesy lights will stay on and a chime will sound until the door is closed.

As an added anti-theft measure, new keys have been developed which may take slightly longer to copy or replace if the original keys are misplaced. Duplicate keys may be ordered from your

Volvo retailer.

Immobilizer (start inhibitor)

Each of the keys supplied with your car contains a coded transmitter and receiver (transponder). The code in the key is transmitted to an antenna in the ignition switch when it is compared to the code stored in the start inhibitor module. The car can only be started if a properly coded key is used.

If you misplace a key, take the other keys to an authorized Volvo retailer. The existing code in the start inhibitor module and all the keys will be erased as an antitheft measure and a new code will be programmed.

NOTE:

Not more than one of the keys for you car should be kept on the same key ring. This could cause conflicting signals to be transmitted to the ignition switch, making it imposible to start the car.

This device complies with FCC rules Part 15. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1)

This device may not cause harmful interference and (2) this device must accept any interference that may be received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

The key number codes are stamped on a separate tag supplied with the keys. This tag should be separated from the key ring and kept in a safe place.

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1999 C70 pg. 43 Remote keyless entry system

Remote keyless entry system

Your car is equipped with a remote control transmitter. This transmitter uses a radio frequency which will allow “keyless” entry into the passenger compartment or the trunk. You will be supplied with two coded key ring transmitters, which will enable you to lock/unlock both doors and the trunk from a distance of 10-15 feet (3-5 meters).

The car can also be locked/unlocked with the key.

As an extra security precaution in certain situations (valet parking,etc.), Volvo recommends that the transmitter not be included when the keys are given to anyone. The service key can be used instead. If one of transmitters is misplaced, contact the nearest authorized Volvo retailer for assistance.

Using the remote control

Press the LOCK button once to lock both doors and the trunk.

Press the UNLOCK button once to unlock the driver’s door only. Press this button again (within 10 seconds) to unlock both doors and the trunk.

Press the OPEN TRUNK button twice within 3 seconds to pop open the trunk.

This device complies with FCC rules Part 15. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1)

This device may not cause harmful interference and (2) this device must accept any interference that may be received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_13.htm (1 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:37 PM

1999 C70

NOTE: If only the driver’s door is unlocked, the lock will automatically reengage (re-lock) and the alarm will reset after 2 minutes unless the door has been opened.

The lock/unlock and alarm features can also be utilized by using the keys. See section: Doors and Locks on page 42

.

If the alarm LED glows continuously for 5 seconds, this indicates a fault in the system or that a door is not properly closed.

WARNING! Volvo does not recommend using the transmitter to lock the doors from inside the car.

On cars equipped with an alarm, the alarm would be activated and would sound when one of the doors is opened. The doors must not be locked using the remote transmitter while the vehicle is occupied. In case of an accident, this may hinder rapid access to the occupants of the vehicle. The alarm will also sound on models equipped with this feature.

NOTE : To avoid leaving your keys in the car, make a habit of always locking the car with the remote control. pg. 44 Alarm (certain models)

LED alarm status indicator

Alarm

The radio signal emitted from the transmitter, which is used to set/unset the alarm, is a “rolling code” signal. This means that the signal is changed randomly for each transmission and is intended to help prevent unauthorized recording of the code.

When armed (set), the alarm continuously monitors a number of points on the car. The following conditions will set off the alarm:

The hood is opened

The trunk is opened

A door is opened

The ignition switch is tampered with

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The battery is disconnected (if the car is equipped with the optional backup battery siren). The alarm will sound for ten 30 second intervals, with a 5 second pause between intervals. This function cannot be interrupted.

Arming (setting) the alarm

Press the LOCK button on the remote control, lock the car using the key in the driver’s door or press the central lock button on one of the front doors with the door open. One long flash of the turn signals will confirm that the alarm is set.

Disarming the alarm

Press the UNLOCK button on the remote control or unlock the doors with the key.

Turning off (stopping) the alarm

If the alarm is sounding, it can be stopped by pressing the UNLOCK button on the remote control or by unlocking the driver’s door with the key.

If the alarm is stopped with the remote control, this will be confirmed by two short flashes from the turn signals.

Visual alarm signal

The visual alarm signal is given by flashing all turn signals and turning on the interior lighting for 5 minutes.

Audible alarm signal

An audible alarm signal is given either by a separate alarm horn or by the optional back-up siren. One alarm cycle lasts for 30 seconds.

“Panic“ function

In an emergency situation, this feature can be used to attract attention.

Activate the “panic” function by pressing the red panic button on the remote control for at least 3 seconds or by pressing this button twice within 3 seconds. The turn signals will flash, the interior lights will go on and the alarm will sound.

The function can be turned off by pressing any of the buttons on the remote control or will stop

automatically after 25 seconds.

NOTE: This button will NOT unlock the car. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_13.htm (3 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:37 PM

1999 C70 pg. 45 Alarm

Automatic reset function

If only the driver’s door is unlocked with the remote control, the lock will automatically reengage (relock) and the alarm will reset after 2 minutes unless the door has been opened.

Temporarily disconnecting the alarm sensor(s)

In certain situations it may be desirable to disconnect the optional alarm sensor, particularly the inclination sensor, if, for example, you drive your car onto a ferry where the rocking of the boat could trigger the alarm. To temporarily disconnect the sensor(s) from the alarm system:

With all doors closed, switch off the ignition and remove the key from the ignition switch

Press the locking (left) side of the central locking button on the driver’s door for at least 3 seconds.

The doors will first lock and then unlock after 3 seconds to confirm that the sensors have been disconnected.

The car can then be locked in the usual way to set the alarm.

NOTE: The sensors will automatically be reconnected to the alarm system the next time the ignition is switched on.

LED alarm status signals

The status of the alarm system is indicated by the red LED at the top center of the dash:

LED off - the alarm is not armed (set)

LED flashes once per second - the alarm is armed (set)

LED flashes rapidly before the ignition is switched on - the alarm has been triggered.

LED flashed rapidly for 15 seconds after the ignition has been switched on - a fault has been detected in the alarm system.

Contact a Volvo retailer.

Batteries

Each remote transmitter is powered by a three volt battery, type CR2016. If the range of the transmitter is noticeably reduced, this indicates that the battery is weak and should be replaced. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_13.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:37 PM

1999 C70

Replacement: Remove the battery cover on the back of the transmitter with a coin. Replace the battery.

Reinstall the cover, making sure it is secured tightly to help protect the transmitter.

CAUTION: Do not attempt to service or repair any components of the alarm system yourself. This should only be done by an authorized Volvo retailer.

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1999 C70 pg. 46 Front seats

Electrically operated seats with memory function

1 Lumbar support control

2 Strap for controlling front seat for rear seat passengers

3 Backrest release control lever

4 Power seat control panel

WARNING! Do not adjust the seat while driving. The seat should be adjusted so that the brake pedal can be depressed fully. In addition, position the seat as far rearward as comfort and control allow. The seat rails on the floor must not be obstructed in any way when the seat is moved.

Power seat control panel

A Seat front (raise/lower)

B Forward - rearward

C Seat rear (raise/lower)

D Backrest tilt

WARNING! The power seats are operable with the ignition OFF. Therefore, children should never be left unattended in the car.

Movement of the seat can be STOPPED at any time by pressing any button on the power seat control panel. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_14.htm (1 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:38 PM

1999 C70

Programming the memory

Three seat positions can be programmed. To program a seat position:

1 Adjust the seat to the desired position.

2 Depress the MEM button.

3 Press button 1 to program the current position of the seat.

Buttons 2 and 3 can be programmed in the same way. To move the seat to a programmed position, depress button 1, 2 or 3 until the seat stops. If the button is released before the seat has the reached the programmed position, it will stop as a safety precaution.

NOTE: The seat has an overload protector which engages if an object blocks the movement of the seat.

If this happens, remove the object and wait 20 seconds before operating the seat again.

Manually operated passenger's seat(certain models)

1 Height adjustment

The front section of the seat can be adjusted to 7 different height settings (lever A) and the rear section can be adjusted to 9 different height settings (level B).

2 Forward-rearward seat adjustment

Pull the bar upward, then slide the seat forward or rearward to the desired position. Make sure that the seat is properly secured when you release the bar.

3 Backrest tilt

Rotate the control counterclockwise to tilt the backrest rearward and clockwise to tilt the backrest forward.

4 Lumbar support

5 Strap for controlling fornt seat for rear seat passengers (see following page) pg. 47 Front seats file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_14.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:38 PM

1999 C70

Tilting the backrests - moving the seats

Tilting the backrest

The backrests are locked in the upright position and can be tilted forward to allow access to the rear seat.

Lift the control lever on the side of the front seat (A) and tilt the backrest forward until it locks into place to reach objects in the rear seat.

Moving the seat forward

Lift and hold up the control lever on the side of the front seat (A).

Tilt the backrest forward (B).

Electronically operated seats: The seat will slide forward until the control lever is released or until it reaches the forward-most position.

Manually operated passenger's seat: When the backrest has been tilted forward until it locks into position, the seat can be moved forward/rearward without holding the control on the side of the seat.

To tilt up the backrest to its normal position:

Press the backrest slightly forward and pull the control lever up to release the backrest locking mechanism.

Tilt the backrest toward the rear of the car.

Hold the control lever up to allow the seat to slide back to its original position (electronically operated seats) or move the seat to the desired position (manually operated passenger's seat).

To exit the rear seat:

Pull the strap on the lower inside corner of the seat.

Push the backrest forward.

The seat will slide forward until the strap is released (electronically operated seats)*. If the car is equipped with a manually operated passenger's seat, push the seat forward.

* If the backrest is in the upright position, the seat will slide rearward until the strap is released.

WARNING! Make sure the seats are securely locked into position after they have been adjusted. pg. 48 Rear/side-view mirrors file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_14.htm (3 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:38 PM

1999 C70

Rear-view mirror

A Normal position

B Night position, reduces glare from following headlights

CAUTION: Never use ice scrapers made of metal as they can easily scratch the mirror surface.

Auto-dim function (certain models)

A Auto-dim ON

B Auto-dim OFF

The Auto-dim function reacts to high beams from the car behind you and switches the mirror automatically to "night" position.

NOTE: If the right indicator light (see inset illustration above) is on, the Auto-dim function is ON. Press the button (see arrow) to turn the function ON or OFF. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_14.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:38 PM

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Adjustment control

Electrically operated side-view mirrors

The mirror control switches are located on the driver's door armrest. Press the left side of the selector button and then use the adjustment control to adjust the driver's door mirror. Press the right side of the selector button before adjusting the passenger door mirror.

A Horizontal adjustment

B Vertical adjustment

WARNING! The mirrors should always be adjusted prior to driving. Objects seen in the wide-angle right side-view mirror are closer than they appear to be.

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1999 C70 pg. 49 Interior lights, Vanity mirrors

Front courtesy lights

The front courtesy lighting consists of two reading lights for the front seat occupants.

Front and rear reading lights always on

0 Front and rear reading lights always off

Front and rear reading lights come on when a door is opened

Left or right reading light illuminates if the center switch is in position .

The courtesy lights remain illuminated for 30 seconds after the doors have been closed but will be switched off if the ignition is turned on or the doors are locked. If a door is not closed completely, the courtesy lights will stay on and a chime will sound until the door is closed.

Reading lights, rear seat

There are two reading lights for the rear seat passengers. These are turned on/off by using the adjacent switches. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_15.htm (1 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:39 PM

1999 C70

Light is on if the front switch is in position .

Light turns on if any door is opened.

Vanity mirrors

The light illuminates when the cover is opened. pg. 50 Long load storage

Long load storage

There is a flap located in the panel behind the rear seat which makes it possible to carry long loads such as skis, etc. To open, pull the strap forward.

Protective covers (for skis) should be used to avoid soiling or tearing the upholstery. Please note that the flap in the rear seat is only intended for light loads such as skis, carpets, etc.

Max. length: 6 1/2 ft (2 meters) Max. weight: 55 lbs (25 kg) file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_15.htm (2 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:39 PM

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WARNING! Always turn the engine off and apply parking brake when loading/unloading the vehicle. Place the transmission in the P (PARK) position to help prevent inadvertent movement of the gear selector.

Long loads should be secured to the folded down armrest to help prevent movement and possible injury in the event of sudden braking or stops. Any sharp edges should be covered with protective material. pg. 51 Hood

Hood release lever under dashboard

Hood release control under grille

To open the hood

Pull the lever located under the left side of the dash to release both hood catches.

Lift the hood slightly.

Pull the release control on the inside of the lower edge of the grille toward you and lift the hood.

WARNING! Check that the hood locks properly when closed.

The hood normally opens to an angle of 57°. The hood can be opened to the vertical position by rotating the hinge catches (see illustrations). The catches will return to their normal positions when the hood is closed. Ensure adequate clearance in low-roof garages to avoid damaging the hood.

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1999 C70 pg. 52 Trunk

Opening the trunk

The trunk can be opened by:

Pressing the button on the remote control (A) twice within 3 seconds.

Using the master key in the trunk lock

Using the trunk control on the driver's door (B)

Locking the trunk

The trunk lock is incorporated in the central locking system. This means that you can either lock or unlock the trunk when the driver's door is locked/unlocked.

The trunk lock can be disconnected from the central locking system by turning the key counterclockwise as shown in the illustration.

Withdraw the key in the horizontal position *

** In this position, the trunk cannot be opened with the control on the driver's door or the remote control.

The trunk is now always locked. This feature can be used for e.g., valet parking. If you give only the service key to the driver, it will not be possible to gain access to the trunk. Please be aware that this setting may preclude access to the spare tire and jack.

To reconnect the lock to the central locking system:

Withdraw the key in the vertical position pg. 53 Trunk light, Spare tire, Jack file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_16.htm (1 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:39 PM

1999 C70

Trunk Light

A Light always off

B Light is on when the trunk lid is open

Spare tire

The spare tire is located under the carpet in a special well under the floor of the trunk. The jack is placed inside the wheel rim. Make sure that the jack is properly secured in this position after use (see illustration).

NOTE:

See pages 82-83 for information on how the jack should be used.

pg. 54 Securing cargo, Avoiding battery drain file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_16.htm (2 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:39 PM

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Eyelets in trunk

Securing cargo

As a safety precaution, your car is equipped with four eyelets to which straps can be attached to secure luggage.

WARNING! The eyelets are not to be used as passenger restraints or as anchorages for child

restraints. See page 9

.

Avoiding battery drain

The courtesy lights and the warning lights in the rear of the doors come on when a door is opened.

To avoid battery drain when the doors are opened for prolonged periods, these lights can be switched off by pressing the lock mechanism (A) located in the rear facing side of the driver's door.

To return the lights to their normal function, pull the door handle out before closing the door (B) and use a small screwdriver to push the lock mechanism back to its original position before closing the door. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_16.htm (3 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:39 PM

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1999 C70

Chapter 4 - Starting and driving

pg. 55 Starting and driving

Starting and driving

This section on starting and driving contains items such as starting the engine, operating the gear selector, towing, trailers, etc.

Break-in period 56

Fuel requirements, Refueling 56-57

Driving economy 58

Starting the engine

Manual transmission

59

60

Automatic transmission

Points to remember

Emergency towing

Vehicle towing information

Jump starting

61

64

66

67

68

Three-way catalytic converter 69

Brake system 70-71

Trailer towing

Winter driving

72

73

Long distance trips 74

pg. 56 Break-in period, Fuel requirements

A new car should be broken-in

Refrain from utilizing your car's full driving potential during the first 1,200 miles (2,000 km) including file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_17.htm (1 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:40 PM

1999 C70 the "kick-down" function (automatic transmission).

NOTE - ENGINE OIL:

Although some oil consumption occurs during normal engine operation, more oil is consumed when the engine is new as the internal parts generate higher friction while wearing-in to each other. From the

time the engine is new until the first service is performed, the oil consumption could be higher than normal. For this reason, it is especially important to check the oil every time you refuel your

car during this period. See page 114

.

In general, the rate of oil consumption depends on such factors as: engine temperature, length of trip, driving conditions, oil viscosity and quality, engine speed and acceleration/deceleration.

Checking your engine oil level each time the car is refueled is one of the most important items you can perform to help keep your car in good running order.

Manual transmission

The following speeds should not be exceeded during the break-in period:

Up to 600 miles

(1000 km)

600 - 1,200 miles

(1000 - 2000 km)

1st gear

2nd gear

3rd gear

4th gear

20 mph (30 km/h) 25 mph (40 km/h)

30 mph (50 km/h) 40 mph (70 km/h)

45 mph (80 km/h)

70 mph (110 km/ h)

65 mph (100 km/ h)

80 mph (130 km/ h)

5th gear/

overdrive

80 mph (130 km/ h)

95 mph (150 km/ h)

Posted speed limits should not be exceeded.

Deposit control gasoline (detergent additives)

Volvo recommends the use of gasoline containing deposit control additives. These additives have shown to be efficient in keeping injectors and intake valves clean. Consistent use of deposit control gasolines will help ensure good driveability and fuel economy. If you are not sure whether the gasoline contains deposit control additives, check with the service station operator.

Unleaded Fuel

Each Volvo has a three-way catalytic converter and must use only unleaded gasoline. U.S. and Canadian regulations require that pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be labeled "UNLEADED". Only these pumps have nozzles which fit your car's filler inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a vehicle labeled "unleaded gasoline only". Leaded gasoline damages the three-way catalytic converter and the heated oxygen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded gasoline will lessen the effectiveness of the emission control system and could result in loss of emission warranty coverage. State and local vehicle file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_17.htm (2 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:40 PM

1999 C70 inspection programs will make detection of misfueling easier, possibly resulting in emission test failure for misfueled vehicles.

NOTE: Some U.S. and Canadian gasolines contain an octane enhancing additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT). If such fuels are used, your Emission Control System performance may be affected, and the Malfunction Indicator Lamp located on your instrument panel may light. If this occurs, please return your vehicle to an authorized Volvo retailer for service. pg. 57 Fuel requirements, Refueling

Octane Rating

Volvo engines are designed for optimum performance on unleaded premium gasoline with an octane rating. AKI of 91, or above. AKI (ANTI KNOCK INDEX) is an average of the Research Octane

Number, RON, and the Motor Octane Number, MON, (RON + MON/ 2).

The minimum octane requirement is AKI 87 (RON 91).

Gasoline containing alcohol and ethers

"Oxygenated fuels"

Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing "oxygenates" which are usually alcohols or ethers. In some areas, state or local laws require that the service pump be marked indicating use of alcohol or ethers.

However, there are areas in which the pumps are unmarked. If you are not sure whether there is alcohol or ethers in the gasoline you buy, check with the service station operator.

To meet seasonal air quality restrictions, some states require the use of "oxygenated" fuel in certain areas.

Volvo allows the use of the following "oxygenated fuels; however, the octane ratings listed on this page must still be met.

Alcohol — Ethanol

Fuels containing up to 10% ethanol by volume may be used.

Ethanol may also be referred to as Ethyl alcohol, or "Gasohol".

Ethers — MTBE

Fuels containing up to 15% MTBE may be used.

Refueling

The fuel tank is designed to hold approximately 17.9 US gal. (68 liters) with sufficient volume left over to accommodate possible expansion of the fuel in hot weather. Be aware that the "usable" tank will be somewhat less than the specified maximum. When the fuel level is low, such factors as ambient temperature, the fuel's "Reid vapor pressure" characteristics, and terrain can affect the fuel pumps' ability to supply the engine with an adequate supply of fuel. Therefore, it is advisable to refuel as soon as possible when the needle nears the red zone, or when the fuel warning light comes on.

Fuel tank cover

The fuel tank cover (on the right rear fender) is locked and must be popped open using the control on the driver's door. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_17.htm (3 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:40 PM

1999 C70

Open fuel filler cap slowly during hot weather conditions.

CAUTION:

Do not refuel with the engine running. Turn the ignition off or to position I. If the ignition is on, an incorrect reading could occur in the fuel gauge.

After refueling, close the fuel filler cap by turning it clockwise until it clicks into place *.

Allow for fuel expansion by not overfilling the tank. Overfilling could also cause damage to the emission control systems.

Avoid spilling gasoline during refueling. Gasolines containing alcohol can cause damage to painted surfaces, which may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.

Do not use gasoline containing methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice can result in vehicle performance deterioration and can damage critical parts in the fuel system. Such damage may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.

* If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the car is refueled, the

Malfunction Indicator Lamp may indicate a fault. However, your vehicle's performance will not be affected. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.

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1999 C70 pg. 58 Driving economy

Economical driving conserves natural resources

Better driving economy may be obtained by thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and stops and adjusting the speed of your vehicle to immediate traffic conditions. Observe the following rules:

Bring the engine to normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on the accelerator pedal for the first few minutes of operation. A cold engine uses more fuel and is subject to increased wear.

Whenever possible, avoid using the car for driving short distances. This does not allow the engine to reach normal operating temperature.

Drive carefully and avoid rapid acceleration and hard braking.

Do not exceed speed limit.

Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra load) in the car.

Maintain correct tire pressure. Check tire pressure regularly (check when tires are cold).

Remove snow tires when threat of snow or ice has ended.

Note that roof racks, ski racks, etc., increase air resistance and thereby fuel consumption.

Avoid using automatic transmission kick-down feature unless necessary.

Avoid using the air conditioning when it is not required. When engaged, the air conditioner's compressor places an additional load on the engine. However, please note that fuel consumption is lower with the air conditioning on than it is when driving with the air conditioning switched off and the windows down.

If your car is equipped with the optional Trip Computer, utilizing the fuel consumption modes can help you "learn" how to drive more economically.

Other factors which decrease gas mileage are:

Worn or dirty spark plugs

Incorrect spark plug gap

Dirty air cleaner

Dirty engine oil and clogged oil filter

Dragging brakes

Incorrect front end alignment

Some of the above mentioned items and others are checked at the standard Maintenance Service intervals.

NOTE: (D)rive or 5th gear (manual transmissions) should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy. pg. 59 Starting the engine

Starting and stopping

1. Fasten the seat belt. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_18.htm (1 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:41 PM

1999 C70

WARNING! Before starting, check that the seat and steering wheel are adjusted properly. Make sure the brake pedal can be depressed completely. Move the seat closer if necessary.

Refer to section

"front seats".

2. Apply the parking brake, if not already set. The gear selector (automatic transmission) is locked in the (P)ark position (SHIFT LOCK).

3. Without touching the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key to the starting position. Allow the starter to operate for up to 10 seconds. Release the key as soon as the engine starts. If the engine fails to start, repeat step 3.

For cold starts at altitudes above 6000 ft (1800 meters), depress the accelerator pedal halfway and turn the key to the starting position. Release the pedal slowly when the engine starts.

* If the key is left in the Drive position (postion II) for more the 30 seconds, it must be turned to position

0 and then turned to the Start position (position III) again in order to start the car. See page 21 for ignition key positions.

4. To release the gear selector from the (P)ark position (automatic transmission), the ignition key must

be in position II and the brake pedal must be depressed.

See page 97 for instructions on manually overriding the SHIFTLOCK system.

Do not race a cold engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubricating points fast enough to prevent engine damage.

NOTE: (Automatic transmission only) Your car is equipped with a KEYLOCK system. When the engine is switched off, the gear selector must be in the (P)ark position before the starting key can be removed from the ignition switch.

5. Select desired gear. The gear engages after a slight delay (automatic transmission) which is especially noticeable when selecting R.

CAUTION: (Automatic transmission only) The engine should be idling; never accelerate until after you feel the gear engage! Too-rapid acceleration immediately after selecting a gear will cause harsh engagement and premature transmission wear.

NOTE: Selecting P or N (automatic transmission) when idling at a standstill for prolonged periods of time will help prevent overheating of transmission oil.

WARNING! Always place the gear selector (automatic transmission) in Park and apply the parking brake before leaving the vehicle. Never leave the car unattended with the engine running.

Always open the garage doors fully before starting the engine inside a garage to ensure adequate ventilation. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is invisible and odorless but very poisonous. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_18.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:41 PM

1999 C70

CAUTION:

Never race the engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubricated points fast enough to prevent engine damage.

Do not race the engine just prior to switching off!

Hydraulic valve lifters

This engine features hydraulic valve lifters which means that valve clearance is adjusted automatically.

It is possible that the valve lifters will produce a ticking sound for the first few seconds after the engine is started, while the oil pressure is increasing.

If the car has not been used for a long period of time, this ticking sound may last for up to 15 minutes.

This is entirely normal.

Do not exceed 3000rpm until the ticking sound disappears. pg. 60 Manual transmission

Shift positions

Depress the clutch pedal completely when changing gears*.

Remove your foot from the clutch pedal while driving.

Overdrive (5th gear) should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy. This gear can be engaged at speeds above approx. 50 mph (80 km/h).

CAUTION: Follow the shift pattern indicated on the gear shift knob when shifting up (e.g. do not shift directly from 2nd to 5th gear) to help avoid excessive wear on the transmission. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_18.htm (3 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:41 PM

1999 C70

Engaging reverse gear

The gear lever must first be moved to neutral in order to engage reverse gear.

CAUTION: Be careful that you do not inadvertently engage reverse while moving forward.

* Clutch interlock (manual transmission only)

The clutch must be fully depressed before you can start your car. If the clutch is not depressed, it will not be possible to start the engine.

Automatice transmission - shift gate positions

The gear selector can be moved freely between N and D. Selections of other positions are obtained by depressing the selector knob prior to moving the selector.

Slightly depressing the selector knob allows selection of positions R, N, D, 3 and L. Fully depressing the selector knob allows selection of position P. This is also necessary when initially bringing the selector out of position P. Fully depressing the selector knob permits shifting freely between all positions. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_18.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:41 PM

1999 C70

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1999 C70 pg. 61 Automatic transmission

P (Park)

Use this position when starting the engine or parking the car.

Never use P while car is in motion.

The parking brake should also be used when parking on grades.

The gear selector is mechanically locked in the P position (SHIFT LOCK).

To release the selector, start the engine and depress the brake pedal. If it is necessary to manually

release the gear selector, see page 108 for instructions.

WARNING! Never leave the car when the engine is running. If, by mistake, the gear selector is moved from P, the car may start moving.

R (Reverse)

Never engage R while is moving forward.

N (Neutral)

Neutral = no gear engaged. Use the parking brake. The engine can be started with the gear selector in this position.

D (Drive)

D is the normal driving position and should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy.

Upshift and downshift of the forward gears occur automatically and are governed by accelerator pedal position and engine speed.

3 (Intermediate position)

The indicator lamp in the instrument panel and the lamp in W mode selector light up when this gear is selected. Automatically shifts up and down between 1st, 2nd, and 3rd gears There is no upshift from

3rd gear. Position 3 can be used for driving in hilly terrain, for towing trailers or for increased engine braking power. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_19.htm (1 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:42 PM

1999 C70

L (Low position)

The indicator lamp in the instrument panel and the lamp in W mode selector light up when this gear is selected. No upshift can occur when L is engaged. Select position L for driving in first and second gears. Use this position to select low gear with no upshift, e.g. when ascending and descending steep grades. There will be a noticeable downshift when the transmission shifts from second to first gear.

Kick-down

Automatic shift to a lower gear (kick-down) is achieved by depressing the accelerator pedal fully and briskly. An upshift will be achieved when approaching the top speed for a particular gear or by releasing the accelerator pedal slightly. Kick-down can be used for maximum acceleration or when passing at highway speeds.

"Lock-up"

The transmission has a "lock-up" function which reduces engine speed and saves fuel. "Lock-up" can sometimes be felt as an additional gear change. pg. 62 Automatic transmission (cont.)

Driving mode selector

The buttons at the base of the gear lever allow you to select Winter/Wet mode.

W

Winter/Wet mode

Enhanced Vehicle Traction

This mode may be selected for starting/moving off on slippery roads.

In position D*, the gearbox starts in 3rd gear and changes up to 4th gear.

In position 3*, 2nd gear is locked and there is no change up to 3rd gear.

In position L, 1st gear is locked.

The indicator lamp in the instrument panel lights up when this mode is selected (the lamp will also file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_19.htm (2 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:42 PM

1999 C70 light up if the gear selector is in position 3 or L). Press W to disengage this mode.

When this mode is disengaged or if the ignition is switched off**, the gearbox automatically reverts to the previously selected mode. If the indicator lamp begins to flash, this is an indication of a fault in the automatic gearbox. The Malfunction Indicator lamp will also light up if a fault is detected. If the transmission does not shift properly, place the gear selector in position L. Please contact your Volvo retailer if this occurs.

CAUTION:

Driveability and fuel economy will be adversely affected by prolonged driving in Winter/Wet

mode. Volvo recommends using this mode only when starting in extremely slippery conditions.

Never select P or R while the car is in motion.

When initially selecting positions D, 3, L or R, your right foot should be press firmly on the brake pedal to ensure that the car is standing still with the engine idling.

The gear selector should not be downshifted to L at speeds above 75 mph (125 km/h)***

* These positions always offer the kick-down function.

** If the ignition is switched on again within several minutes, mode

W

will remain engaged.

*** Always observe posted speed limits. <

Automatic transmission - adaptive system

The automatic transmission is controlled by an adaptive guidance system that constantly monitors the way in which the transmission functions. It senses and adapts each gear shift for optimal performance.

The system also monitors your particular driving style and adapts gear shifting accordingly. pg. 63 Automatic transmission

Special tips - automatic transmission

For driving down steep hills and when driving for prolonged periods at low speeds, position L should be selected. Avoid, however, repeated changes since this can cause overheating of the transmission oil.

For driving on long continuous uphill gradients, select position 3.

Never select P or R while the car is in motion.

When initially selecting positions D, 3, L or R, your right foot should press firmly on the brake pedal to ensure that the car is standing still with the engine idling.

The gear selector should not be downshifted to L at speeds above 75 mph (125 km/h). Always

observe posted speed limits. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_19.htm (3 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:42 PM

1999 C70

Do not hold the car stationary on an incline by using the accelerator pedal. Instead, apply the hand brake (parking brake). This prevents the transmission oil from becoming overheated.

When towing a trailer, select shift position 3.

While towing a trailer in hilly terrain, do not drive continuously at engine speeds above 4500 rpm to help avoid high engine oil temperatures.

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1999 C70 pg. 64 Points to remember

Cooling system

The risk for engine overheating is greatest, especially in hot weather, when:

● towing a trailer up steep inclines for prolonged periods at wide open throttle and low engine rpm.

● stopping the engine suddenly after high speed driving (so-called "after-boiling" can occur).

To avoid overheating, the following rules should be followed:

Do not drive for prolonged periods at engine speeds above 4500 rpm if you are towing a trailer in hilly terrain,

Reduce speed and downshift when towing a trailer up long, steep inclines. The risk of overheating can be reduced by switching off the air conditioning system for a short time.

Do not let the engine idle unnecessarily for prolonged periods.

Do not mount auxiliary lamps in front of the grill.

When the risk of overheating is imminent, or in the event of overheating (the temperature gauge goes repeatedly into, or stays continually in, the red section), the following precautions should be taken:

Switch off the air conditioning system.

Stop the car and put the gear lever into neutral. Do not stop the engine!

Switch the heater to full (maximum) position. Increase the engine speed to approx. 2000 rpm (twice idling speed) until the temperature begins to drop.

WARNING! Do not remove coolant expansion tank cap. The coolant will be extremely hot.

See "Coolant" to check and top-up the coolant level if necessary.

CAUTION: Drive slowly and carefully if going through standing water (i.e. flooded roadways, etc.)

Damage to engine could result if excess water is ingested through the air intake system.

Never drive the vehicle in water deeper than 1 foot (300 mm).

See flood warning on page 7

.

WARNING! Do not drive with trunk lid open! Poisonous exhaust gases may enter via the open trunk lid.

If the trunk lid must be kept open for any reason, proceed as follows:

- Close the windows.

- Set the ventilation system control to air flow to floor, windshield and side windows and blower control to its highest setting.

Electrical system

When replacing the battery or when carrying out work involving the electrical system, the following should be observed:

A battery connection to the wrong terminal will damage the diodes. Before connections are made, file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_20.htm (1 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:42 PM

1999 C70 check the polarity of the battery with a voltmeter.

If booster batteries are used for starting, they must be properly connected to minimize the risk of the diode being damaged. For correct connection, see "Jump starting" section.

Never disconnect the battery circuit (for example, to replace the battery) while the engine is running, as this will immediately ruin the generator. Always make sure that all the battery connections are properly tightened.

If any electrical welding work is performed on the vehicle, the battery's ground lead (negative cable) and all the connecting cables of the generator must be disconnected and the welder cables placed as near the welding points as possible.

The radio must be turned off before the battery is disconnected.

The anti-theft code must be re-entered before the radio will function properly.

The electrical system in your car is designed to accomodate Volvo accessories. It also has an accessory connector located beneath the dashboard on the driver's side. pg. 65 Points to remember (cont.)

Weight distribution affects handling

At the specified curb weight your car has a tendency to understeer, which means that the steering wheel has to be turned more than might seem appropriate for the curvature of a bend. This ensures good stability and reduces the risk of rear wheel skid. Remember that these properties can alter with the vehicle load. The heavier the load in the trunk (max. 220 lbs, 100 kg), the less the tendency to understeer.

Handling, roadholding

Vehicle load, tire design and inflation pressure all affect vehicle handling. Therefore, check that the tires

are inflated to the recommended pressure according to the vehicle load. See "Tire pressure" section.

Loads should be distributed so that capacity weight or maximum permissible axle loads are not exceeded.

WARNING! It is recommended that tire of the same make and dimensions be used on all four wheels (including the use of snow tires). Do not use bias ply tires as this will adversely alter vehicle handling characteristics. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_20.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:42 PM

1999 C70

Holes for roof rack

Roof rails/racks

Roof racks are available as Volvo accessories. Observe the following points when in use:

Avoid single-point loads. Distribute the load evenly.

Place heavier cargo at the bottom of the load.

Observe that the center of gravity and handling are influenced by load weight.

Increasing load size increases wind resistance and thus adversely affects fuel economy.

Anchor the cargo correctly with appropriate tie-down equipment.

Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, fast cornering and hard braking.

Max. roof load is 220 lbs (100 kg) when Volvo approved removable roof racks are attached to the points indicated in the illustration.

WARNING! An extra mat on the driver's floor can cause the accelerator pedal to catch. Check that the movement of the accelerator pedal is not impeded. Not more than one protective floor covering may be used at one time. pg. 66 Emergency towing (pulling of vehicle) file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_20.htm (3 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:42 PM

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Rear eyelet

Front eyelet

Precautions when the car is in tow

Steering must be unlocked.

Automatic transmissions only:

Gear selector in position N. Check transmission oil level (see section titled "Transmission oil".

Maximum speed: 20 mph (30 km/h).

Maximum distance with front wheels on ground: 20 miles (30 km).

If the battery is dead, it is not possible to release the gear selector by pressing the brake pedal. Release the gear selector manually, by pressing the OVERRIDE button near the base of the gear selector.

WARNING:

Remember that power brake and power steering assists will not be available when engine is inoperative. Brake pedal pressure required is 3 - 4 times above normal and greater steering effort must be exerted.

The towing eyelets must not be used for pulling another vehicle out of a ditch or any similar purpose involving severe strain.

Do not use the towing eyelets to pull the car up onto a flat bed tow truck. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_20.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:42 PM

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CAUTION:

Please check with state and local authorities before attempting this type of towing, as vehicles being towed are subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device, lighting, etc.

If the car's battery is dead, the engine must be jump started using an auxiliary battery

(see page

68).

Do not attempt to start the car by pushing or pulling it as this will damage to the threeway catalytic converter(s).

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1999 C70 pg. 67 Vehicle towing information

Only use flat bed equipment *

CAUTION:

Sling-type equipment applied at the front will damage radiator and air conditioning lines.

It is equally important not to use sling-type equipment at the rear or apply lifting equipment inside the rear wheels; serious damage to the rear axle may result.

If it is necessary to have your car towed, a flat bed tow truck should be used if at all possible.

In the event that flat bed equipment is not available, the car should be towed with the rear

wheels on the ground, if at all possible.

If it is absolutely necessary to tow the vehicle with the front wheels on the ground, please refer to the towing information on the previous page.

* If wheel lift equipment must be used, please use extreme caution to help avoid damage to the car.

WARNING!

Do not use the towing eyelets on the car to pull the car up on to a flat bed tow truck. pg. 68 Jump starting file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_21.htm (1 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:43 PM

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Jump starting

If the 12-volt booster battery to be used is in another car, check that the cars are not touching to prevent premature completion of a negative circuit. Note the position of the battery terminals and using jumper cables:

First connect the booster battery positive (+) terminal (1) to car battery positive (+) terminal (2).

Then connect booster battery negative (-) terminal (3) to a stationary solid metal part on the engine at a point away from the battery (4).

Do not connect the jumper cable to any part of the fuel system or to any moving parts. Avoid touching hot manifolds.

After the engine has started, first remove the negative (-) terminal jumper cable. Then remove the positive (+) terminal jumper cable.

CAUTION: Improper hook-up of jumper cables or use of other than 12-volt batteries could result in damage to equipment and/or the battery.

WARNING!

Never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.

Do not smoke near the battery.

Batteries generate hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.

Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow the battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical help immediately if eyes are affected.

Failure to follow the instructions for jump starting can lead to personal injury.

NOTE:

Refer to page 122 for information on properly maintaining the battery.

pg. 69 Three-way catalytic converter file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_21.htm (2 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:43 PM

1999 C70

Three-way catalytic converter cautions

Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain engine malfunctions, particularly involving the electrical, fuel or distributor ignition systems, may cause unusually high three-way catalytic converter temperatures. Do not continue to operate your vehicle if you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss of

power or other unusual operating conditions, such as engine overheating or backfiring. A properly tuned engine will help avoid malfunctions that could damage the three-way catalytic converter.

Do not park your car over combustible materials, such as grass or leaves, which can come into contact with the hot exhaust system and cause such materials to ignite under certain wind and weather conditions.

Excessive starter cranking (in excess of one minute), with an intermittently firing or flooded engine, can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating.

Remember that tampering or unauthorized modification to the engine or the vehicle may be illegal and can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating. This includes:

- Altering fuel injection setting or components.

- Altering emission system components or location or removing components.

- Repeated use of leaded fuel.

NOTE: Unleaded fuel is required for cars with three-way catalytic converters.

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1999 C70 pg. 70 Brake system

Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)

If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will however function) and the vehicle should be driven cautiously to a Volvo retailer for inspection. The

Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) helps to improve vehicle control (stopping and steering) during severe braking conditions by limiting brake lock-up. When the system "senses" impending lock-up, braking pressure is automatically modulated in order to help prevent lockup, which could lead to a skid.

The system performs a self-diagnostic test when the vehicle first reaches a speed of approximately

12 mph (20 km/h). The brake pedal will pulsate several times and a sound may be audible from the

ABS control module. This is normal.

To obtain optimal effect from the ABS system, constant pressure should be kept on the brake

pedal while the system is modulating the brakes. Do not pump the brake pedal.

The switching of the ABS modulator will be audible and the brake pedal will pulsate at this time. Please be aware that ABS does not increase the absolute braking potential of the vehicle. While control will be enhanced, ABS will not shorten stopping distances on slippery surfaces.

Brake circuit malfunction

If one of the brake circuits should malfunction, the red warning light will come on, the pedal stroke increases slightly, the pedal feels softer and extra pressure is required for normal braking. If the light comes on while driving or braking, stop immediately and check the brake fluid level in the reservoir.

WARNING! If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir: DO NOT

DRIVE. Tow the car to a Volvo retailer and have the brake system checked and any leakage repaired.

Moisture on brake discs and brake pads affects braking

Driving in rain and slush or passing through an automatic car wash can cause water to collect on the brake discs and pads. This will cause a delay in braking effect when the pedal is depressed. To avoid such a delay when the brakes are needed, depress the pedal occasionally when driving through rain, slush etc. This will remove the water from the brakes. Check that brake application feels normal. This should also be done after washing or starting in very damp or cold weather.

Severe strain on the brake system

The brakes will be subject to severe strain when driving in mountains or hilly areas or towing. The speed is usually low which means that the cooling of the brakes is less efficient than when driving on level roads. To reduce the strain on the brakes, it is advisable not to use the brakes excessively. Instead, shift into a lower gear, position 3 or in some cases, L (automatic transmission) and let the engine help with the braking. Do not forget that, if you are towing a trailer, the brakes will be subjected to greater load than is normal. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_22.htm (1 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:44 PM

1999 C70

If the brake power-assist does not function

The power assist to the brakes functions only when the engine is running. When the car is moving without the engine running the brake pedal pressure required to stop the car is increased by 3-4 times and the brake pedal feels stiff. pg. 71 EBD (Electronic Brake-force Distribution)

EBD is an integrated part of the ABS system. EBD regulates the hydraulic pressure to the rear brakes to help provide optimal braking capacity.

If the BRAKE and ABS warning lights come on at the same time, this could indicate a fault in the brake system. If the brake fluid level is above the MIN mark, drive carefully to an authorized Volvo retailer and have the brake system inspected.

WARNING! If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in the reservoir: DO NOT DRIVE. Have the car towed to an authorized Volvo retailer and have the brake system inspected.

Stability and Traction Control (STC) - option of certain models

The STC system is designed to help reduce wheel spin by limiting power to the drive wheels if they begin to lose traction at speeds below 25 mpg (40km/h). The system can be switched on or off by pressing the button on the dashboard

(see page 17) for at least a half second. The indicator light (

) in the instrument panel will be ON when you have switched the system off. STC activates automatically when the engine is started.

The symbol will flash when STC is actively regulating power to the drive wheels. Normal power may be reduced at this time. This is normal as power is momentarily reduced to help keep thedrive wheels from losing tractionand spinning.

The STC indicator light ( ) will come on:

When the car is started, for approximately 2 seconds, as the system performs a self-diagnostic test.

When STC has been switched off using the button on the dashboard.

If the system is temporarily switched off due to the high brake temperatures. STC will automatically restart when brake temperature has returned to normal.

If a fault is detected in the system. COnsult your Volvo retailer if this occurs. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_22.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:44 PM

1999 C70 pg. 72 Trailer towing

When preparing for trailer towing, observe the following:

NOTE: Models with automatic transmission are equipped with a transmission oil cooler as standard equipment. This cooler helps prevent overheating of the transmission during times of increased load, as when towing a trailer.

Maximum trailer weight recommended by Volvo is:

Trailers without brakes: 1100 lbs (500kg)

Trailers with brakes: 2" (50 mm) ball - 3300 lbs (1500 kg), 1 7/8" (47 mm) ball - 2000 lbs (908 kg).

Observe the legal requirements of the state/province in which the vehicles are registered. All Volvo models are equipped with energy-absorbing shock-mounted bumpers. Trailer hitch installation should not interfere with the proper operation of this bumper system.

Trailer towing does not normally present any particular problems, but take into consideration:

Increase tire pressure to recommended full.

See section "Wheels and tires".

Recommended hitch tongue load is 110 (50 kg) for trailer weights below 2,650 lbs (1,200 kg) and 165 lbs (75 kg) for trailer weights above 2,650 lbs (1,200 kg). For trailer weights between 2,650 - 3,300 lbs

(1,200 - 1,500 kg) a top speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) should never be exceeded.

Engine and transmission are subject to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should be closely watched when driving in hot climates or hilly terrain. Use lower gear and turn off air conditioner if the temperature gauge pointer enters the red range.

Avoid overload and other abusive operation.

Hauling a trailer affects handling, durability, and economy.

It is necessary to balance trailer brakes with the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop (check and observe State/Local regulations).

Do not connect the trailer's brake system directly to the vehicle's brake system.

More frequent vehicle maintenance is required.

Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when the hitch is not being used.

Volvo recommends the use of synthetic engine oil when towing a trailer over long distances or in mountainous areas.

NOTE:

Refer to section "Automatic transmission" for additional trailer hauling tips.

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WARNING!

Bumper-attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should safety chains be attached to the bumper.

Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must not be used.

Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo retailer for correct installation.

When towing a trailer, the trailer's safety wire must be correctly fastened to the hole or hook provided in the trailer hitch on the car. The safety wire should never be fastened to or wound around the drawbar ball. pg. 73 Winter driving

Cold weather precautions

If you wish to check your car before the approach of cold weather, the following advice is worth noting:

Make sure that the engine coolant contains at least 50 percent antifreeze: that is, 3.7 qts. (3.5 liters)

Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze. This gives protection against freezing down to -31°F (-35°C).

See section "Coolant"

. The use of "recycled" antifreeze is not approved by Volvo. Different types of

antifreeze may not be mixed.

Try to keep the fuel tank well filled - this prevents the formation of condensation in the tank. In addition, in extremely cold weather conditions it is worthwhile to add fuel line de-icer before refueling.

The viscosity of the engine oil is important. Oil with low viscosity (thinner oil) improves coldweather starting as well as decreasing fuel consumption while the engine is warming up. For winter use,

5W-30 oil, particularly the synthetic type, is recommended. Be sure to use good quality oil but do not use this cold-weather oil for hard driving or in warm weather.

See section "Engine oil" for more information.

The load placed on the battery is greater during the winter since the windshield wipers, lighting, etc. are used more often. Moreover, the capacity of the battery decreases as the temperature drops. In very cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and be damaged. It is therefore advisable to check the state of charge more frequently and spray an anti-rust oil on the battery posts.

Volvo recommends the use of snow tires on all four wheels for winter driving see section "Wheels and tires".

To prevent the washer fluid reservoir from freezing, add washer solvents containing antifreeze ( see page 121 for the location of the washer fluid reservoir).

This is important since the dirt is often splashed on the windshield during winter driving, requiring the frequent use of the washers and wipers. The

Volvo Washer Solvent should be diluted as follows:

Down to 14°F (-10°C): 1 part anti-freeze and 4 parts water

Down to 5°F (-15°C): 1 part anti-freeze and 3 parts water

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Down to -18°F (-28°): 1 part anti-freeze and 1 part water

Use Volvo Teflon Lock Spray in the locks.

NOTE: Avoid the use of de-icing sprays as they can cause damage to the locks.

W

Winter/Wet mode

Enhanced Vehicle Traction

This mode may be selected for starting/moving off on slippery roads.

In this mode:

In position D*, the gearbox starts in 3rd gear and changes up to 4th gear.

In position 3*, 2nd gear is locked and there is no change up to 3rd gear.

In position L, 1st gear is locked.

* These positions always offer the kick-down function. pg. 74 Long distance trips

Before a long distance trip

It is always worthwhile to have your car checked at a Volvo retailer before driving long distances. Your retailer will also be able to supply you with bulbs, fuses, spark plugs and wiper blades for your use in the event that problems occur.

If you prefer to check the car yourself, please note the following:

Check that the engine runs smoothly and that fuel consumption is normal.

Check engine oil, coolant levels, and for possible fuel leakage.

Check transmission oil level.

Check condition of drive belts.

Check state of charge of battery.

Examine tires carefully (the spare tire as well), and replace those that are worn. Check tire pressures.

The brakes, front wheel alignment, and steering gear should be checked by your Volvo retailer only.

Check all lights, including high beams.

Reflective warning triangles are legal requirement in some countries.

Have a word with your Volvo retailer concerning engine adjustments if you intend to drive in countries where it may be difficult to obtain correct fuel.

Consider your destination. If you will be driving through an area where snow or ice are likely to occur, consider snow tires.

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Chapter 5 - Wheels and tires

pg. 75 Wheels and tires

Wheels and tires

The handling and riding comfort of the vehicle is dependent on the inflation pressure and the type of tires fitted. Read the following pages carefully.

General information, Wear indicator, Tire economy, Flat spots 76

Snow chains, Winter tires 77

Inflation pressure 78

Uniform tire quality grading 79

pg. 76 Wheels and tires

General information

Your vehicle is equipped with tires according to the tire information label located on the rear

facing side of the right front door.

The following is an example of a tire designation code 225/50R16:

225 = tire width in mm.

50 = tire profile. This is the relationship (in percent) between the section height and the width of the tire.

R = radial tires.

16 = diameter in inches.

The tires have good road holding characteristics and offer good handling on dry and wet surfaces. It should be noted however that the tires have been developed to give these features on snow/ice-free surfaces. Certain models are equipped with "all-season" tires, which provide a somewhat higher

degree of winter roadholding on slippery surfaces than tires without the "all-season" rating.

However, for optimum road holding on icy or snow covered roads - we recommend suitable winter

tires on all four wheels. When replacing tires, be sure that the new tires are the same size designation, type (radial) and preferably from the same manufacturer, on all four wheels. Otherwise there is a risk of altering the car's road-holding and handling characteristics.

NOTE: When storing wheel/tire assemblies (e.g. winter tires and wheels), either stand the assemblies upright or suspend them off the ground. Laying wheel/tire assemblies on their sides for prolonged periods can cause wheel and/or tire damage. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_23.htm (1 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:44 PM

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Wear indicator

The tires have a so-called "wear indicator" in the form of a number of narrow strips running across or parallel to the tread. When approx. 1/16" (1.6 mm) is left on the tread, these strips show up and indicate that the tire should be replaced.

Tires with less than 1/16" (1.6 mm) tread have a very poor grip in rain or snow.

When replacing worn tires, it is recommended that the tire be identical in type (radial) and size as the one being replaced. Using a tire of the same make (manufacturer) will prevent alteration of the driving characteristics of the vehicle.

To improve tire economy:

Maintain correct tire pressure.

Drive smoothly: avoid fast starts, hard braking and tire screeching.

Tire wear increases with speed.

Correct front wheel alignment is very important.

Unbalanced wheels impair tire economy and driving comfort.

If the wheels are rotated, they should be kept on the same side of the car so that they revolve in the same direction as prior to rotation.

Hitting curbs or potholes can damage the tires and/or wheels permanently.

Flat spots

All tires become warm during use. After cooling, when the vehicle is parked, the tires have a tendency to distort slightly, forming flat spots. These flat spots can cause vibrations similar to the vibrations caused by unbalanced wheels. They do, however, disappear when the tire warms up. The degree to which the flat spots form depends on the type of cord used in the tire. Remember that, in cold weather, it takes longer for the tire to warm up and consequently longer for the flat spot to disappear.

CAUTION: The car must not be driven with wheels of different dimensions. The use of different size wheels can seriously damage your car's transmission. pg. 77 Wheels and tires (cont.)

Snow chains

Snow tire chains can be used on your Volvo with the following restrictions:

Snow chains should be installed on front wheels only. Use only Volvo approved snow chains.

Snow chains may be mounted on tire dimension 195/65R15. Tire dimension 205/55R16 requires a special type of snow chain. Consult your Volvo retailer.

If accessory, aftermarket or "custom" tires and wheels are installed and are of a size different than the original tires and wheels, chains in some cases CANNOT be used. Snow chains cannot be used on those turbo-charged models fitted with all-season tires 225/50R16 or 225/45R17 or 225/40R18. Sufficient clearances between chains and brakes, suspension and body components must be maintained.

Some strap-on type chains will interfere with brake components and therefore CANNOT be used. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_23.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:44 PM

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Consult your Volvo retailer for additional snow chain information.

CAUTION:

Check local regulations regarding the use of snow chains before installing.

Always follow the chains manufacturer's installation instructions carefully. Install chains as tightly as possible and re-tighten periodically.

Never exceed the chain manufacture's specified maximum speed limit. (Under no circumstances should that limit be higher than 30 mph (45 km/h).

Avoid bumps, holes or sharp turns when driving with snow chains.

The handling of the vehicle can be adversely affected when driving with chains. Avoid fast or sharp turns as well as locked wheel braking.

Snow tires, studded tires *

Tires for winter use:

Owners who live in or regularly commute through areas with sustained periods of snow or icy driving conditions are strongly advised to fit suitable winter tires to help retain the highest degree

of traction.

It is important to install winter tires on all four wheels to help retain traction during cornering, braking and accelerating. Failure to do so could reduce traction to an unsafe level or adversely affect handling.

Do not mix tires of different design as this could also negatively affect overall tire road grip. Volvo

recommends 195/65 R15 winter tires on 15" steel wheels on all C70 models including those

equipped with 16", 17" or 18" wheels.

Winter tires wear more quickly on dry roads in warm weather. They should be removed when the winter driving season has ended.

Studded tires should be run-in 300-600 miles (500-1000 km) during which the car should be driven as smoothly as possible to give the studs the opportunity to seat properly in the tires. The car tires should have the same rotational direction throughout their entire lifetime. In other words, if you wish to rotate the wheels, make sure that the same wheels are always on the same side of the car.

NOTE: Please consult state or local regulations restricting the use of studded winter tires before installing such tires.

* Where permitted pg. 78 Wheels and tires (cont.)

Checking and correcting tire pressure

Check the tire pressure when refueling. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_23.htm (3 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:44 PM

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The tire pressure should be corrected only when the tires are cold.

With warm tires, correct only when the pressure is too low. The tire temperature rises after driving just a few miles.

Vehicle Loading

The tires on your Volvo will perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as recommended on the tire information label* located on the rear facing edge of the passenger's door. This label lists both the tire and vehicle design limits.

Do not load your car beyond the load limits indicated.

* Please note that the tire information label indicates pressures for both comfort and fuel economy.

Tire pressure label

pg. 79 Wheels and tires (cont.)

Uniform tire quality grading

ALL PASSENGER CAR TIRES MUST CONFORM TO FEDERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS

IN ADDITION TO THESE GRADES

TREADWEAR

The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded at 150 would wear one and one half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and many depart significantly from the norm due to variation in driving habits, service practices and differences in road characteristics and climate.

TRACTION

The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, B, and C, as measured under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction performance. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_23.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:44 PM

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WARNING! The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and does not include cornering (turning) traction.

TEMPERATURE

The temperature grades are AA (the highest), A, B, and C, representing the tire's resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Safety

Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.

WARNING! The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.

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Chapter 6 - In case of emergency

pg. 81 In case of an emergency

In case of an emergency

Even if you maintain your car in good running condition, there is always the possibility that something might go wrong and prevent you from driving, such as a punctured tire, blown fuse or bulb, etc. For additional information, see section "ON CALL Road Assistance".

Wheel changing 82-83

Spare tire 84

Replacing bulbs 85-90

Replacing fuses 91-93

Installation of accessories 94

Replacing wiper blades 95-96

97 In case of emergency

pg. 82 Wheel changing

Loosen wheel bolts

Changing a wheel

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The spare wheel is located under the carpet on the trunk floor. The jack and crank are secured in the wheel recess.

Engage the parking brake.

Put the gear selector in (P)ark (automatic) or in Reverse (manual).

With the car still on the ground, use the lug wrench to loosen the wheel bolts 1/2 - 1 turn. Turn the bolts counterclockwise to loosen.

Fold out the crank handle on the jack by pressing the nob on the handle downward. To attach the jack, refer to the illustration on the following page.

NOTE: To avoid excessive wear and the necessity of rebalancing, mark and reinstall wheels in same location and position as before removal. To lessen the chance of imbalance, each wheel hub is equipped with a guide stud to ensure that a removed wheel can be reinstalled in its original position (as when changing over to winter tires/wheels).

CAUTION:

The car must not be driven with wheels of different dimensions or with a spare tire other than the one that came with the car. The use of different size wheels can seriously damage your car's transmission. pg. 83 Wheel changing (cont.)

Jack attachment

There is a jack attachment located in the center on each side of the car. Position the jack on the bar in the attachment as shown in illustration A above and crank while simultaneously guiding the base of the jack to the ground. The base of the jack must be flat on a level, firm, non-slippery surface. Before

raising the car check that the jack is still correctly positioned in the attachment. Raise the vehicle until both wheels on the side of the car where the jack is attached are lifted off the ground. Unscrew the wheel bolts completely and carefully remove the wheel so as not to damage the thread on the studs. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_24.htm (2 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:45 PM

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Installing the wheel

Clean the contact surfaces on the wheel and hub. Lift the wheel and place it on the hub. Make sure that you align the wheel with the guide stud on the wheel hub prior to installation. Install the wheel bolts crosswise (see illustration) and tighten by turning lightly clockwise. Lower the vehicle to the ground and alternately tighten the nuts to 81 ft. lbs. (110 Nm). Install the wheel cap (where applicable).

Correct tightening order for wheel bolts

WARNING!

The jack's attachment must engage the bar in the jack attachment (A). The car's weight must not rest on the jack's attachment (B).

Be sure the jack is on a firm, level, non-slippery surface.

Never allow any part of your body to be extended under a car supported by a jack.

Use the jack intended for the car when replacing a wheel. For any other job, use stands to support the end of the car being worked on.

Apply the parking brake, select position P (automatic transmission) or Reverse gear (manual transmission).

Block the wheels standing on the ground, use rigid wooden blocks or large stones.

The jack should be kept well-greased.

CAUTION: Correct tightening torque on wheel bolts must be observed. The wheel bolts should never be greased or lubricated. The extended, chromed wheel bolts must not be used with steel rims, as they make it impossible to fit the hub caps. pg. 84 Spare tire file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_24.htm (3 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:45 PM

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Temporary Spare (certain models)

The spare tire of your car is what is called a "Temporary Spare". It has the following designation:

T125/90R15.

Recommended tire pressure (see decal on fuel filler flap) should be maintained irrespective of which position on the car the Temporary Spare tire is used on.

In the event of damage to this tire a new one can be purchased from your Volvo retailer.

CAUTION: The car must not be driven with wheels of different dimensions or with a spare tire other than the one that came with the car. The use of different size wheels can seriously damage your car's transmission.

WARNING!

Current legislation prohibits the use of the "Temporary Spare" tire other than as a temporary replacement for a punctured tire. In other words, it must be replaced as soon as possible by a standard tire. Roadholding, etc., may be affected with the "Temporary Spare" in use. Do not, therefore, exceed

50 mph (80 km/h).

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1999 C70 pg. 85 Replacing bulbs

Catch

Lamp housing, Bulb holder

Bulb-3357NA, 26/7W/30/2.2 cp

Parking light/direction indicator

1. From the front of the car, use a screwdriver to press down on the silver catch (located in the space between the inside of the fender and the headlight unit) to release the lamp housing from the front fender.

2. Turn the bulb holder 1/4 turn clockwise (viewed from the front) and withdraw it from the lamp housing. Leave the connector with its wires in the bulb holder.

4. Remove the bulb from the holder by pulling it straight out.

5. Press a new bulb into the holder and reinstall the unit in the reverse order.

Bulb holder

Side direction indicator

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1. Slide the lens forward and pull out the rear edge.

2. Pull out the entire lens/bulb unit.

3. With the lens toward you, turn the bulb holder 1/4 turn (the wires should not be disconnected from the holder) and pull out the bulb holder from the lens unit.

4. Pull the old bulb straight out and press a new one into place.

5. Replace the entire unit in the reverse order. pg. 86 Replacing bulbs (cont.)

A- Low beam Bulbs (high and low beams) - H7 B- High beam

Low beam headlight bulb (A) replacement

1. Turn the plastic cover counter-clockwise and remove it.

2. Press the wire catches on the retaining clamp (1 in insert illustration above) together and push out (2) to release the bulb and connector from the headlight housing.

3. Pull the bulb out of the connector.

4. Insert a new bulb into the connector.

5. Re-insert the bulb and connector into the headlight housing. The guide lug must be up to ensure proper position.

6. Press the retaining clamp back into position.

7. Reinstall the plastic cover.

Headlight adjustment

The height of the headlight beams can be adjusted according to vehicle load. The headlights should be reaimed if heavy loads are carried in the trunk/cargo area or rear seat, or when towing a trailer.

To adjust the headlights:

Park the car on a level surface and open the hood.

The headlights are equipped with a level which can be seen by looking through the clear "window" on the top of the headlight lens.

Turn the height adjustment knob until the bubble in the level aligns with the "0" marks or within the dark marking lines.

Lateral headlight adjustment should only be carried out by an authorized Volvo retailer. The

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lateral adjustment scale (B) should be preset to "0".

High beam headlight bulb (B) replacement

1. Pull the catch on the lower edge of the cover upward and remove the plastic cover.

2. Press the wire catches on the retaining clamp (1 in insert illustration above) together and push out (2) to release the bulb and connector from the headlight housing.

3. Pull the bulb out of the connector.

4. Insert a new bulb into the connector.

5. Re-insert the bulb and connector into the headlight housing. The guide lug must be up to ensure proper position.

6. Press the retaining clamp back into position.

7. Reinstall the plastic cover. Catch B should snap into position. pg. 87 Replacing bulbs (cont.)

Lamp location- right side

Location of bulbs in holders

Tail light bulbs

1. Tail light

2. Direction indicator

3. Brake light

4. Tail light

5. Back-up light

6. Rear fog light (left side only)

All the bulbs in the tail light unit are replaced from inside the trunk as follows:

1. Turn the two plastic screws and open the cover over the rear lamp unit in the trunk (or depress the catch on the cover on the trunk lid).

2. Press catch A or B and remove the bulb holder.

3. Let the connector with its wires remain attached to the bulb holder.

4. Remove the bulb by pressing in and turning counter-clockwise.

5. Insert a new bulb into the holder and reinstall the holder into the tail light assembly. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_25.htm (3 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:45 PM

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6. Close the cover.

Bulbs 1, 4:

5W/4 cp BA 15s

Bulb 2:

21W BAU 15 s (amber)

Bulb 3,5,6:

21W/32 cp BA 15s

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1999 C70 pg. 88 Replacing bulbs (cont.)

Insert screwdriver and turn

Trunk light

Switch off the lights.

Press in the catch with a screwdriver and remove the bulb holder.

Replace the bulb and reinstall the bulb holder.

License plate lights

Switch off the lights

Unscrew the screw

Insert the screwdriver and turn gently to loosen the glass lens

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Insert screwdriver, turn and pull downward

Front courtesy lights

Switch off the ignition.

Insert a screwdriver and turn carefully to loosen the glass lens.

Replace the bulb and press the glass lens back into place. pg. 89 Replacing bulbs (cont.)

Insert a screwdriver and turn

Rear reading lights

Switch off the ignition.

Insert a screwdriver and turn to loosen the lamp unit.

Replace the bulb and press the lamp unit back into place. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_26.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:46 PM

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Insert a screwdriver and turn

Vanity mirror

Switch off the ignition.

Insert a screwdriver under the lower edge and turn to loosen the glass lens.

Push out the bulb and replace it.

Press the lower edge of the lens into place above the four catches.

Press the upper edge of the lens into place.

Slide upward and pull out lower edge

Door warning lights

Front

Slide the lamp unit upward and pull out the lower edge.

Twist off the bulb holder.

Pull the bulb straight out.

Replace the bulb.

Reinstall the holder and lamp unit in reverse order. pg. 90 Replacing bulbs (cont.) file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_26.htm (3 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:46 PM

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Insert a screwdriver

Door step courtesy lights

Insert a screwdriver and pry out the glass lens.

Withdraw the lamp unit, bend back the tabs and remove the plate.

Replace the bulb.

Reinstall the plate.

Press the lamp unit back into place.

NOTE: Other bulbs may be difficult for the owner to replace. Let your Volvo retailer replace these bulbs if necessary.

Front fog lights in spoiler

Front fog lights

Switch off the lights.

Turn the plastic cover counterclockwise to remove it.

Press the spring toward the lamp unit to release it and move it to the side.

Replace the bulb.

Reinstall in reverse order. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_26.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:46 PM

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1999 C70 pg. 91 Replacing fuses

Relay/Main fuse box Supplementary fuse box

Replacing fuses

If an electrical component fails to function, it is likely that a fuse has blown due to a temporary circuit overload.

The fuse box is located in the engine compartment (see illustration) and can be opened by lifting the cover (Relay/Main fuse box) or by lifting the cover (supplementary fuse box). A label on the inside of the cover indicates the amperage and the electrical components that are connected to each fuse. The easiest way to see if a fuse is blown is to remove it.* Pull the fuse straight out. From the side, examine the curved metal wire to see if it is broken. If so, put in a new fuse of the same color and amperage

(written on the fuse). Spare fuses are stored in a compartment in the fuse box. If fuses burn out repeatedly, have the electrical system tested at a Volvo retailer. If you find it difficult to remove a fuse, you will find a special fuse tool clipped in the fuse box.

* Fuses in the Relay/Main fuse box should only be changed by an authorized Volvo service technician. pg. 92 Fuses file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_27.htm (1 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:47 PM

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Relay/Main fuse box

Fuses in the main fuse box protect the entire electrical system. If one the fuses blows, there is a serious electrical fault. Do not change any of these fuses. Contact your nearest Volvo workshop for a closer analysis.

Relays

15 System relay

16 -

17 Starter motor

18 Air conditioning

Fuses in Relay/Main fuse box (main system fuses)

Location *

1 Electric cooling fan

2 Fuses in Supplementary fuse box

3 Starter motor

4 ABS, STC

5 Headlights

6 Fuses in Supplementary fuse box

7 Fuses in Supplementary fuse box

8 Control modules - engine/automatic transmission

50 A

60 A

9

-

10 Ignition switch, Control modules - engine/automatic transmission 10 A

11 A/C relay, fuel system

12 Fuel pump, fuel injectors, engine control module

15 A

15 A

Amperage

60 A

50 A

50 A

50 A

50 A

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13 Ignition system 15 A

14 Emission system 20 A

* Some of the equipment/systems listed may be available on certain models only. pg. 93 Fuses (supplementary fuse box)

Location*

1 Trunk open switch solenoid

2 Rear fog light, trailer connections

3 Central locking system

4 Immobilizer , ABS, shiftlock

5 Climate systems, Onboard diagnostics OBDII

Amperage

10 A

10 A

10 A

6 Central locking system

7 Audio system

8 Immobilizer, trip computer, headlight switch

9 Amplifier - audio system

10 Remote keyless entry syster

11 Brake lights

30 A

10 A

10 A

12 Audio system 30 A

13 Hazard warning flashers, headlight flashers, remote operated central locking system 15 A

14 Heated rear window and door mirrors

15 Courtesy lights, door open warning lights, trunk light, seat belt reminder, glove compartment light, passenger vanity mirror light

40 A

10 A

10 A

15 A

20 A

15 A

15 A

16 Power antenna, electrical connector for trailer, accessories

17 Front fog lights

18 Key reminder, headlight relay

19 Left high beam, accessories

20 Right high beam, high beam indicator light

21 Left low beam

22 Right low beam

30 A

20 A

10 A

15 A

15 A

15 A

15 A file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_27.htm (3 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:47 PM

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23 Left front/rear parking lights, left tail light, license plate lights, trailer connections

24 Right front/rear parking lights, right tail light, trailer connections

25

26 Headlight switch

27 Backup lights, turn signals

28 Heated front seats (certain models)

29 Heated rear window, shiftlock, seat belt reminder, cruise control, heated door mirrors, bulb failure warning sensor, accessories

30 12-volt auxiliary socket

31 Passenger compartment blower-climate systems

32 Audio system, ECC, sun roof, instrument lighting

33

34 Windshield wipers/washers, horn

35 Accessories, sun roof, drivers vanity mirror light, courtesy lighting, auto-dim mirror function

36 Seat belt reminder

37 Power windows, power sun roof

38

15 A

25 A

-

10 A

25 A

10 A

10 A

10 A

-

15 A

15 A

25 A

10 A

-

15 A

AUT/CB **

39 Power seat (driver's side) AUT/CB **

40 Power seat (passenger's side) AUT/CB **

* Some of the equipment/systems listed may be available on certain models only.

** This is an automatic circuit breaker located in the fuse box and does not normally need to be replaced.

For more detailed information concerning function and location of relays, fuses, etc., refer to the Volvo

Service Manuals. These can be purchased directly through your Volvo retailer. pg. 94 Installation of accessories file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_27.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:47 PM

1999 C70

Installation of accessories

In order to help avoid interference and damage to your car's electrical system, your car is equipped with an accessory connector located under the instrument panel on the driver's side.

Please consult your Volvo retailer if you have any questions before connecting accessory or optional equipment to the vehicle's electrical system.

Connector (for accessories)

5

6

3

4

7

8

Position Connection Max. load

1

Battery + (30) 20 A

2

X Supply 0,5 A

-

-

-

High beam

Rheostat

Earth (31)

1 A

1 A

1 A

0,5 A

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1999 C70 pg. 95 Replacing wiper blades

Replacing wiper blades

Lift the wiper arm off the windshield and hold the blade at right angles to the arm. Pinch the end of the plastic clip located at the back of the arm.

Slide the wiper blade along the arm to release it from the hook.

Install the new blade (installation is the reverse of removal) and make sure that it is properly attached to the wiper arm.

NOTE: For reasons of safety, you should change the windshield wiper blades as soon as they start to leave marks on the windshield or fail to wipe efficiently and cleanly.

To obtain maximum lifetime from a set of wiper blades, clean them with a stiff-bristle brush and warm, soapy water as part of a normal car wash.

Cleaning the outside of the windshield and wiper blades

If the windshield is not clear after using the wiper(s) or if the blade chatters when running, wax or other material may be on the blade or on the surface of the glass.

Clean the glass with a suitable cleaning agent. The glass is clean if beads do not form when you rinse it with water.

Clean the wiper blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full strength windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water.

Wiper blades should be checked on a regular basis and replaced when worn. pg. 96 Replacing headlight wiper blades file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_28.htm (1 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:47 PM

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Replacing headlight wiper blades

Pull the wiper blade in the direction indicated by the arrow in the illustration to remove it. Press the new wiper into place. Check that the new blade is properly attached to the wiper arm. pg. 97 In case of emergency

Shiftlock release (automatic transmission only)

The gear selector is locked in the (P)ark position. To manually release the shiftlock:

Turn the starting (ignition) key to position I

Press firmly on the "SHIFTLOCK OVERRIDE" button located to the right of the base of the gear selector

While holding the override button down, press the button on the front of the gear selector

Move the selector from the (P)ark position. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_28.htm (2 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:47 PM

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Manually opening the fuel tank cover

The fuel tank cover can be opened manually by removing the cover over the right tail light housing and pulling the wire (A) until the fuel tank cover pops open.

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1999 C70 pg. 99 Car care

Car care

Car care includes not only maintaining the appearance of the car, but also protecting the car exterior from the effects of air pollution, rain, mud or road salt. The paintwork should also be touched up immediately, if damaged, to prevent rust formation.

Paint touch-up 100-101

Washing

Automatic car washing, Polishing and waxing

102

103

Cleaning the upholstery 104

pg. 100 Paint touch-up

Paint touch-up

Paint damage requires immediate attention to avoid rusting. Make it a habit to check the finish regularly

- when washing the car for instance. Touch up if necessary.

Paint repairs require special equipment and skill. Contact your Volvo retailer for any extensive damage.

Minor scratches can be repaired by using Volvo touch-up paint.

NOTE: When ordering touch-up paint from your Volvo retailer, use the paint code indicated on the model plate. The plate is located in the engine compartment, on the inside of the left front fender.

Minor stone chips and scratches

Material:

Primer - can

Paint - touch-up bottle

Brush

Masking tape

NOTE: When touching up the car, it should be clean and dry. The surface temperature should be above file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_29.htm (1 of 2)12/30/2006 3:33:47 PM

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60° F (15° C).

Scars on the surface

If the stone chip has not penetrated down to the metal and undamaged layer of paint remains, the touchup paint can be applied as soon as the spot has been cleaned. pg. 101 Paint touch-up (cont.)

Deep scratches

1. Place a strip of masking tape over the damaged surface. Pull the tape off so that any loose flakes of paint adhere to it.

2. Thoroughly mix the primer and apply it with a small brush.

When the primer surface is dry, the paint can be applied using a brush. Mix the paint thoroughly; apply several thin paint coats and let dry after each application.

3. If there is a longer scratch, you may want to protect surrounding paint by masking it off.

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1999 C70 pg. 102 Washing

Washing the car

The car should be washed at regular intervals since dirt, dust, insects and tar spots adhere to the paint and may cause damage.

NOTE: It is particularly important to wash the car frequently in the wintertime to prevent corrosion, when salt has been used on the roads.

When washing the car, do not expose it to direct sunlight. Use lukewarm water to soften the dirt before you wash with a sponge, and plenty of water, to avoid scratching.

Bird droppings: Remove from paintwork as soon as possible. Otherwise the finish may be permanently damaged.

A detergent can be used to facilitate the softening of dirt and oil.

A water-soluble grease solvent may be used in cases of sticky dirt. However, use a washplace equipped with a drainage separator.

Dry the car with a clean chamois and remember to clean the drain holes in the doors and rocker panels.

The power radio antenna (sedans) must be dried after washing.

Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover after the car has been washed.

A stiff-bristle brush and lukewarm soapy water can be used to clean the wiper blades. Frequent cleaning improves visibility considerably.

Wash off the dirt from the underside (wheel housings fenders, etc.).

In areas of high industrial fallout, more frequent washing is recommended.

CAUTION: During high pressure washing the spray mouthpiece must never be closer to the vehicle than 13" (30 cm). Do not spray into the locks.

When washing or steam cleaning the engine, avoid spraying water or steam directly on the electrical components or toward the rear side of the engine.

After cleaning the engine, the spark plug wells should be inspected for water and blown dry if necessary.

Suitable detergents

Special car washing detergents or liquid dishwashing detergent can be used. A suitable mixture is about

2.5 fl. oz. (8.5 cl) of detergent to 2.6 US gal. (10 liters) of warm water. After washing with a detergent the car should be well rinsed with clean water.

WARNING!

When the car is driven immediately after being washed, apply the brake several times in order to remove any moisture from the brake linings.

Engine cleaning agents should not be used when the engine is warm. This constitutes a fire risk. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_30.htm (1 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:48 PM

1999 C70

NOTE: When washing the car, remember to remove dirt from the drain holes in the doors and sills.

Bumpers: Wash the bumpers with the same cleaning agent used on the rest of the car. Never clean the bumpers with gasoline or paint thinner. Difficult spots can be removed with denatured alcohol. To avoid scratches, do not dry the bumpers with paper.

* Pay special attention to the drain holes near the base of the windshield in the cowl under the rear edge of the hood. pg. 103 Automatic car washing, Polishing and waxing

Automatic washing - simple and quick

An automatic wash is a simple and quick way to clean your car, but it is worth remembering that it may not be as thorough as when you yourself go over the car with sponge and water. Keeping the underbody clean is most important, especially in the winter. Some automatic washers do not have facilities for washing the underbody.

Before driving into an automatic wash, make sure that the side view mirrors, auxiliary lamps, etc., are secure, otherwise there is risk of the machine dislodging them. You should also lower the antenna by

turning off the radio.

We do NOT recommend washing your car in an automatic wash during the first six months

(because the paint will not have hardened sufficiently).

Polishing and waxing

Normally, polishing is not required during the first year after delivery, however, waxing may be beneficial.

Before applying polish or wax the car must be washed and dried. Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover. Difficult spots may require a fine rubbing compound.

After polishing use liquid or paste wax.

Several commercially available products contain both polish and wax.

Waxing alone does not substitute for polishing of a dull surface.

A wide range of polymer-based car waxes can be purchased today. The waxes are easy to use and file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_30.htm (2 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:48 PM

1999 C70 produce a long-lasting, high-gloss finish that protects the bodywork against oxidation, road dirt and fading. pg. 104 Cleaning the upholstery

Cleaning the upholstery

The fabric can be cleaned with soapy water or a detergent. For more difficult spots caused by oil, ice cream, shoe polish, grease, etc., use a clothing/fabric stain remover.

The plastic in the upholstery can be cleaned with a soft cloth and mild soap solution.

Leather upholstery can be cleaned with a soft cloth and mild soap solution. For more different spots,

Volvo offers a leather care kit.

On no account must gasoline, naphtha or similar cleaning agents be used on the plastic or the

leather since these can cause damage.

Cleaning the seat belts

Clean only with lukewarm water and mild soap solution.

Cleaning floor mats

The floor mats should be vacuumed or brushed clean regularly, especially during winter when they should be taken out for drying. Spots on textile mats can be removed with a mild detergent.

Bear in mind

Take extra care when removing stains such as ink or lipstick since the coloring can spread.

Use solvents sparingly. Too much solvent can damage the seat padding.

Start from the outside of the stain and work toward the center.

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1999 C70

Chapter 8 - Volvo Service

pg. 105 Volvo Service

Service - an investment

An investment which will pay dividends in the form of improved reliability, durability, and resale value.

Label information 106

Maintenance service, Warranty 107

Maintenance schedule 108-109

Servicing 110-111

Fuel/emissions systems 112

Lubrication 113

Engine oil 114-115

Power steering fluid, Brake/clutch system fluid reservoir 116

Automatic transmission fluid

Drive belt

Windshield washer nozzle, Washer fluid reservoir

117

118

119

Coolant

Engine compartment

Battery maintenance

120

121

122

pg. 106 Label information file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_31.htm (1 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:48 PM

1999 C70

1 Vehicle Emission Control Information

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable emission standards, as evidenced by the certification label on the underside of the hood. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult your

Volvo retailer.

2 Vacuum hose routing

(underside of hood)

3 Loads and Tire Pressures

(on rear edge of passenger's door)

4 Model plate

Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Codes for color and upholstery, etc. The plate is located in the engine compartment, on the inside of left front fender.

5 Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) *

The VIN plate is located on the top left surface of the dashboard. The VIN is also stamped on the right hand door pillar.

6 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) specifications (USA) and Ministry of

Transport (CMVSS) Standards (Canada)

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety standards, as evidenced by the certification label on the facing side of the driver's door. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult your Volvo retailer.

* The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) should always be quoted in all correspondence concerning your vehicle with the retailer and when ordering parts.

** These decals are located on the underside of the hood. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_31.htm (2 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:48 PM

1999 C70

All specifications are subject to change without notice. pg. 107 Maintenance service, Warranty

Maintenance service

Volvo advises you to follow the service program which is outlined in the "Maintenance Records

Manual". This maintenance program contains inspections and services necessary for the proper function of your car. The maintenance services contain several checks which require special instruments and tools and therefore must be performed by a qualified technician. To keep your Volvo in top condition, specify time tested and proven Genuine Volvo Parts and Accessories.

The Federal Clean Air Act - U.S.

The Clean Air Act requires vehicle manufacturers to furnish written instructions to the ultimate

purchaser to assure the proper functioning of those components that control emissions. The maintenance instructions listed in the "Servicing" section of this Manual represent the minimum maintenance

required. These services are not covered by the warranty. You will be required to pay for labor and material used. Refer to your Warranty booklet for further details.

Maintenance services

Your Volvo has passed several major inspections before being delivered to you, according to Volvo specifications. The maintenance services outlined in this book should be performed as indicated. The extended maintenance service intervals make it even more advisable to follow this program. Inspection and service should also be performed any time a malfunction is observed or suspected. It is recommended that receipts for vehicle emission services be retained in the event that questions arise concerning maintenance. See your "Maintenance Records Manual".

Applicable warranties - U.S.

In accordance with U.S. Federal Regulations, the following list of applicable U.S. warranties is provided. For Canadian specification vehicles, see your separate warranty booklet.

New Car Limited Warranty

Parts and Accessories Limited Warranty

Corrosion Protection Limited Warranty

Seatbelt and Supplemental Restraint Systems Limited Warranty

Emission Design and Defect Warranty

Emission Performance Warranty

These are the Federal warranties; other warranties are provided as required by state law. Refer to your separate Warranty booklet for detailed information concerning each of the warranties. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_31.htm (3 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:48 PM

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1999 C70 pg. 108 Maintenance schedule

Maintenance schedule

A = Adjust (Correct if necessary)

I = Inspect (Correct or Replace if necessary)

R = Replace

L = Lubricate

Maintenance Operation thousand miles

(thousand km)

7.5

(12)

15

(24)

22.5 30

(36) (48)

37.5 45

(60) (72)

52.5

(84)

60

(96)

67.5

(108)

75

(120)

82.5

(132)

90

2

(144)

EMISSION SYSTEM

MAINTENANCE

Engine oil and filter

1

R R R R R R R R R R R R

Engine drive belt (accessory belt)

Air cleaner filter

Spark plugs

R

R

R

R

R

Automatic transmission fluid I I I I I

R

R

I

Timing belt - all engines

3

1)

See section "Engine oil" for detailed information

NOTE: The oil should be changed at these intervals or after 750 hours of driving or after 12 months which ever occurs first.

2) For services beyond 90,000 miles (144,000 km), please refer to the Warrenty and Service Records.

3) For proper functioning of the vehicle and its emission control system, the timing belt and tensioner must be replaced every 105,000 miles (168,000 km). pg. 109 Maintenance schedule (cont.)

Maintenance schedule

A = Adjust (Correct if necessary)

I = Inspect (Correct or Replace if necessary)

R = Replace

L = Lubricate file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_32.htm (1 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:49 PM

1999 C70

Maintenance Operation thousand miles

(thousand km)

ENGINE SYSTEM

MAINTENANCE

ENGINE

Fuel line Filter

1

PCV Nipple (orifice)/hoses, clean

Battery (check charge and electrolyte level)

7.5

(12)

I

15

(24)

I

22.5

(36)

I

30

(48)

I

37.5

(60)

I

45

(72)

I

52.5

(84)

I

60

(96)

I

I

67.5

(108)

I

75

(120)

I

82.5

(132)

I

90

(144)

I

I

BRAKES

Inspect brakes, replace components as necessary

Brake Fluid

2

-check

I

I

I I

I

I I

I

I I

I

I

STEERING/SUSPENSION

Tires

3

, check pressure, wear and condition

I I I I I I I I I

Check power steering fluid level

I I I

BODY

Power antenna (clean)

Trunk/hood, hinges and latches

L L L L

L L

I

I

I

I

L

I

I

I

I

I

I

L

L

Air cabin filter(see page 111) R R R R R R

1) Replace at 105,000 miles (168,000 km)

2) Brake fluid should be changed at owner request every second year or 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The fluid should be replaced once a year or every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) when driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving, etc.)

3) Rotate tires at owner request.

The following items should be checked weekly by the driver (it takes only a few minutes).

Engine oil level

Horns

Brake fluid level file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_32.htm (2 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:49 PM

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Windshield wipers

Radiator coolant level

Tire pressure (all five tires)

Operation of all lights

Level of windshield washer fluid

The following should also be carried out at regular intervals:

Washing (check all drain holes)

Polishing

Cleaning pg. 110 Servicing

Hoisting the car

If a garage jack is used to lift the car, the two jack attachments points should be used. They are specially reinforced to bear the weight of the car. A garage jack can also be placed under the front of the engine support frame and under the reinforced plate in the spare wheel well. Take care not to damage the splash guard under the engine. Ensure that the jack is positioned so that the car cannot slide off it. Always

use axle stands or similar structures.

If a two-post hoist is used to lift the car, the front and rear lift arm pads should be centered under the reinforced lift plates on the inboard edge of the sill rail. The position of these plates is marked with arrows molded into the bottom of the sill rail.

CAUTION: Certain models have reduced ground clearance due to the design of the front spoiler.

Please observe caution when driving the car onto a garage hoist. pg. 111 Servicing (cont.) file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_32.htm (3 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:49 PM

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Air cleaner

Replace the air cleaner cartridge with a new one every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The cartridge should be replaced more often when driving under dirty and dusty conditions. The filter cannot be cleaned and therefore should always be replaced with a new one.

Timing belt

For proper functioning of the vehicle and its emission control systems, the timing belt be replaced every

105,000 miles (168,000 km). Engine damage will occur if the belt fails.

Fuel system cap, tank and lines and connections

The effectiveness of the fuel system to contain hydrocarbons is dependent largely on a leak-free system.

Check for proper sealing of the gasoline filler cap which contains "O" ring type seals.

NOTE: If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the car is refueled, the

Malfunction Indicator Lamp ("Check Engine") may indicate a fault. However, your vehicle's performance will not be affected. use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.

Fuel (line) filter

The fuel line filter is located next to the fuel pump. For proper functioning of the vehicle and its emission control systems, the fuel line filter should be replaced at 105,000 miles (168,000 km). The filter is replaced as one complete unit. Replace more frequently if contaminated fuel is introduced into the tank (or if there is reason to suspect that this has occurred).

PCV system

The orifice nipple in the intake manifold and the filter at the end of the PCV hose in the air cleaner should be inspected every 60,000 miles (96,000 km) and thereafter, at 30,000 mile (48,000 km) intervals.

Air cabin filter

Replace the air cabin filter with a new one every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) intervals. Volvo recommends replacing the filter more often when driving under dirty and dusty conditions. The filter cannot be cleaned and therefore should always be replaced with a new one.

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1999 C70 pg. 112 Fuel/emissions systems

Fuel System

The fuel system is all-electronic and is microprocessor-controlled. It can continually compensate for variation in engine load, speed and temperature to give the best economy and power. A mass air flow sensor measures the inducted air. In this way the system can make instantaneous adjustments for changes in air temperature or density, thus always assuring the best economy with the lowest possible exhaust emissions.

Heated oxygen sensor

This is an emission control system designed to reduce emissions and improve fuel economy. The heated oxygen sensor monitors the composition of the exhaust gases leaving the engine. The exhaust gas analysis is fed into an electronic module. This adjusts the air-fuel ratio to provide optimum conditions for combustion and efficient reduction of the three major pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) by a three-way catalytic converter.

Secondary Air Injection (certain models)

This system adds air to the hot exhaust gases as they are expelled from the engine. This causes a secondary combustion of residual hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide, resulting in lower emissions levels in the exhaust gases.

Crankcase ventilation

The engine is provided with positive crankcase ventilation which prevents crankcase gases from being released into the atmosphere. Instead, the crankcase gases are admitted to the intake manifold and cylinders.

Evaporative control system

The car is equipped with a gas evaporative control system, which prevents gasoline fumes from being released into the atmosphere. The system consists of a fuel tank with filler pipe and cap, a rollover valve, a Fill Limit Vent Valve (FLVV), vapor vent lines, a charcoal canister, a purge line, a purge control valve and engine connections. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_33.htm (1 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:49 PM

1999 C70

In addition, there is a pressure sensor connected to the fuel tank and a filter-protected Canister Close

Valve (CCV) on the atmospheric side of the canister, for system diagnosis. The gasoline vapor is channeled through the rollover valve and the FLVV via the vapor vent lines into the charcoal canister, where it is stored. When the engine is started, the gasoline vapor is drawn from the charcoal canister to the engine's air intake system and into the combustion process.

NOTE:

If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the car is refueled, the

Malfunction Indicator Lamp may indicate a fault.

During a transitional period, a small number of service stations may still have fuel nozzles that are not compatible with the fuel filler neck on cars equipped with the evaporative control system

(ORVR) mandated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the California Air

Resources Board. If you experience difficulties in refueling your vehicle, please ask the gas station atendant for assistance.

CAUTION: Fuel must not be siphoned from the fuel tank. This will damage the Evaporative control system. pg. 113 Lubrication

No. Lubrication point

1 Hood lock and latch

2 Door stop and hinges file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_33.htm (2 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:49 PM

Lubricant

Oil

Oil

1999 C70

3

Sun roof wind deflector (visible when sunroof is open)

4 Door lock catch plate

5 Power antenna (sedans only)

6

Locks

Oil

Low temperature grease

Oil

WD 40 or similar

Volvo teflon lock spray

7

Trunk lock catch plate Low temperature grease

8 Front seat slide rail and latch Oil

To avoid rattles and unnecessary wear, the body should be lubricated at regular service intervals. This should be done by an authorized Volvo retailer. pg. 114 Engine oil

Checking the oil level

The oil level should be checked every time the car is refuelled. This is especially important during

the engine break-in period (up to the first service).

CAUTION : Not checking the oil level regularly can result in serious engine damage if the oil becomes too low.

Park the car on a level surface and wait for at least 3 minutes after the engine has been switched off. Be sure the oil level is maintained between the upper and lower marks on the dipstick. If oil is added, it shoud reach the MAX mark on the dipstick. Low oil level can cause internal damage to the engine and over-filling can result in high oil consumption. The distance between the dipstick marks represents approx. 1.6 US qts (1.5 liters). The oil should preferably be checked when cold, before the engine has been started.

Approx. 1.6 US qts. (1.5 liters) *

NOTE: The engine must be stopped when checking the oil.

Draining the oil

Drain the oil after driving while it is still warm. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_33.htm (3 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:49 PM

1999 C70

WARNING! The oil may be very hot.

If you change the engine oil and filter yourself, your Volvo retailer can assist you in disposing of the used oil. Engine oil can be harmful to your skin - gloves should worn when performing this work.

To add or change oil

Add oil of the same kind as already used.

Capacity (including filter): 6.1 US qts (5.8 liters).*

The oil filter should be replaced at every oil change

* Add 0.95 qts (0.9 liters) if the oil cooler has been drained.

WARNING! Oil spilled on a hot exhaust pipe constitutes a fire risk. pg. 115 Engine oil (cont.)

Oil quality

Meeting API specification SG, SG/CD, SH or Energy Conserving (EC) II file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_33.htm (4 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:49 PM

1999 C70

American Petroleum Institute (API) labels

For best fuel economy and engine protection consult with your authorized Volvo retailer for recommended oils. Oils with a different quality rating may not provide adequate engine protection.

Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):

Do not use oils with other viscosity ratings. The use of incorrect viscosity oil can shorten engine life.

Volvo recommends the use of energy-conserving oils. Look for the API label. Synthetic oils complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for: Driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes

(hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances or for a prolonged driving in mountainous areas.

Extra oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer.

Changing oil and oil filter

Oild and oil filter changes should be made at 7,500 mile (12,000 km) intervals.

NOTE: SAE 15W-40 is should only be used in extreme operating conditions such as trailer towing in sustained ambient temperatures over 104° F (40° C). However, SAE 10W-30 synthetic oil would be a better alternative in such conditions.

SAE 15W-40 should not be used under normal operating conditions.

For winter use, 5W-30 oil, particularly the synthetic type

*

, is recommended.

*

Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance service intevals. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_33.htm (5 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:49 PM

1999 C70

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1999 C70 pg. 116 Power steering fluid, Brake/clutch fluid reservoir

Power steering fluid Brake (clutch) fluid

Power steering fluid

The dipstick has marks for checking hot and cold oil. The oil level when the engine is cold must never be higher than the COLD mark. After the engine has reached normal operating temperature, the level may not be higher than the HOT mark. Top up when the level is at the ADD mark.

Check the level at every service.

Fluid type: ATF

Replace: no fluid change required.

Brake and clutch systems

The brake and clutch systems share the same fluid reservoir. The fluid level should be between the MIN and MAX marks.

Fluid type: DOT 4+

Replace: Every second year or 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The fluid should be replaced once a year or every 15,000 miles (25,000 km) when driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving, etc.)

Check, without removing the cap, that the level is above the "MIN" mark of the fluid reservoir.

Always entrust brake/clutch fluid changing to an authorized Volvo retailer. pg. 117 Automatic transmission fluid file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_34.htm (1 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:50 PM

1999 C70

Check the oil level as follows:

Park the car on a level surface with the engine idling. Slowly move the gear selector lever through all the shift positions and then to position P. Wait 3 minutes before checking the oil level.

As the illustration shows, the dipstick has a COLD and a HOT side. The oil level should between the

MIN and MAX marks. Wipe the dipstick with a clean cloth.

WARNING! The oil may be very hot.

Do not use rags that could leave lint on the dipstick. The transmission is topped up via the dipstick tube.

The space between the MIN and MAX marks on the dipstick corresponds to 0.5 US qt. (0.5 liter). Do not fill the transmission with too much oil, since this can result in oil being ejected from the transmission. Too little oil, on the other hand, can negatively affect transmission operation, particularly in very cold weather.

A Cold transmission: oil temperature 105° F (40° C). This is a normal temperature for the transmission after idling for about 10 minutes. At oil temperatures below 105° F (40° C), the level may be below the

MIN mark.

B Warm transmission: oil temperature 169° F (80° C). This temperature after driving for about 30 minutes. At oil temperatures above 190° F (90° C), the level may be above the MAX mark.

Fluid type: ATF Dexron IIE/III and Mercon.

WARNING! Oil spilled on a hot exhaust pipe constitutes a fire risk. pg. 118 Drive belt file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_34.htm (2 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:50 PM

1999 C70

Belt check

Check the belt regularly to make sure it is in good condition and is clean. A worn or dirty belt can cause poor cooling and low generator output as well as impair the operation of the power steering and the air conditioning unit.

NOTE: The belt on the C70 is equipped with a self-tensioning mechanism and requires no adjustment between changes.

WARNING! The engine must not be running when this check is performed. pg. 119 Windshield washer nozzles, Washer fluid reservoir

Adjusting washer nozzles

The washer jets should spray the windshield as shown in the illustration.

Washer fluid reservoir

The washer fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartment and holds approx. 4.7 US qts. (4.5 liters).

During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing anti-freeze.

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1999 C70 pg. 120 Coolant

Check coolant level

The cooling system must be filled with coolant and not leak to operate at maximum efficiency. Check the coolant level regularly. The level should be between the "MAX" and "MIN" marks on the expansion tank. The check should be made with particular thoroughness when the engine is new or when the cooling system has been drained.

Do not remove the filler cap other than for topping up with coolant. Frequent removal may prevent coolant circulation between the engine and the expansion tank during engine warm up and cooling.

Changing coolant

Normally, the coolant does not need to be changed. If the system must be drained, use the following procedure:

Draining:

1 Remove the expansion tank cap.

2 Move the temperature adjustment control to max. heat. Open the drain cocks at the rear left of the engine block and at the bottom right corner of the radiator.

3 Disconnect the lower right radiator hose.

Filling:

4 Close the drain cocks and reconnect the hose.

5 Fill the expansion tank to the MAX mark or slightly above.

6 Run the engine until hot. Check the cooling system connections for tightness. Recheck the coolant level.

Capacity: 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)

Coolant: Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze only

NOTE: Do not top up with water only. Water by itself reduces the rust-protective and anti-freeze qualities of the coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should freeze. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_35.htm (1 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:50 PM

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WARNING: If the engine is warm and you are going to top up coolant, unscrew the cap slowly in order to allow any excess pressure to escape.

CAUTION: The cooling system must always be kept filled to correct level. If it is not kept filled, there can be high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage. Different types of anti-freeze/coolant may not be mixed. pg. 121 Engine compartment

Engine compartment C70

1 Supplementary fuse box

2 Expansion tank, coolant

3 Engine designation plate

4 Clutch/brake system fluid reservoir

5 Oil filler cap, engine

6 Relay/Main fuse box

7 Washer fluid reservoir

8 Power steering fluid reservoir

9 Dipstick - engine oil

10 Dipstick - automatic transmission

11 Air cleaner

12 Battery

13 Data plate file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_35.htm (2 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:50 PM

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WARNING! The cooling fan may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has been switched off. pg. 122 Battery maintenance

Battery maintenance

Driving habits and conditions, climate, the number of starts, etc. all affect the service life and function of the battery. In order for your battery to perform satisfactorily, keep the following in mind:

Check the fluid level in the battery every 6 months or every 7,500* miles (12,000 km).

The fluid level in each battery cell should be checked - use a screwdriver to open the caps and a flashlight to inspect the level.

* More frequently in warm climates.

If necessary, add distilled water to approximately 0.4 in. (10 mm) above the plates in the cell or to the level indicator.

See the illustration above.

Check that the battery cables are correctly connected and properly tightened.

Never disconnect the battery when the engine is running, for example when changing the battery.

The battery should be disconnected when a boost charger is used.

Switch off the radio before disconnecting the battery. If your radio has an antitheft code and the battery is disconnected, the radio code has to be reentered in order for the radio to function.

Battery warning symbols

Wear protection goggles

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Keep away from children

Corrosive

No smoking, no open flames, no sparks

Explosion

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1999 C70

Chapter 9 - Specifications

pg. 123 Specifications

Specifications

This chapter contains facts and figures pertaining to the technical specifications of your car.

Oil/Fluids specifications 124

Engine specifications 125

Cooling/fuel/distributor ignition systems 126

Front/rear suspensions 126

Transmission, Capacities, Vehicle

loading

127

Electrical system/bulbs 128

Dimensions and weights 129

Service manuals, Road assistance 130

pg. 124 Oil/fluid specifications

Oil quality

Meeting API specification SG, SG/CD, SH or Energy Conserving (EC) II

For best fuel economy and engine protection, consult with your authorized Volvo retailer for recommended oils. Oil with a different quality rating may not provide adequate engine protection. Synthetic oils complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for : driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances or for prolonged driving in mountainous areas.

Extra oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer.

NOTE: SAE 15 W-40 oil should only be used in extreme operating conditions such as trailer towing in sustained ambient temperatures over 104° F (40° C). However, SAE 10W-30 synthetic oil would be a better alternative in such conditions.

SAE 15W-30 should not be used under normal operating conditions.

Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):

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Engine oil Quality: Meeting API specification SG or SH Capacity (incl. filter): 6.1 US qts. (5.8 liters)*

Capacity: 8 US qts. (7.6 liters)

Automatic transmission

fluid

Quality: ATF Dexron IIE/ III and Mercon

Manual transmission fluid Quality: Volvo synthetic gearbox oil

1161423

Power steering fluid Quality: ATF

Capacity: 2.2 US qts (2.1 liters)

Capacity: 0.95 US qts. (0.9 liters)

Brake fluid Quality: DOT 4+

* Add 0.95 qts. (0.9 liters) if the oil cooler has been drained

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

Capacity: 0.64 US qts. (0.6 liters) pg. 125 Engine

Engine

Liquid-cooled gasoline, 5-cylinder, in-line engine. Aluminum alloy cylinder block with cast-iron cylinder liners cast directly into block. Aluminum alloy cylinder head with double overhead camshafts and separate intake and outlet channels.

Engine lubrication is provided by an eccentric pump driven from the crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter. Exhaust emission control accomplished by multiport fuel injection, heated oxygen sensor(s) and three-way catalytic converter.

Designation: Volvo B 5254 T

Output 190 hp at 5100 rpm (142 kw 85 rps)

Max torque 199 ft. lbs. at 1800-4998 rpm (270 Nm/30-83.3 rps)

Number of cylinders 5

Bore 3.27" (83 mm)

Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)

Displacement 2.4 liters

Compression ratio 9.0:1

Number of valves 20

Valve clearance Self-adjusting

Designation: Volvo B 5234 T3

Output 236 hp at 5100 rpm (176 kw/85 rps)

Max torque 243 ft. lbs. at 2700-5100 rpm (330 Nm/45-85 rps)

Number of cylinders 5

Bore 3.19" (81 mm)

Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)

Displacement 2.3 liters

Compression ratio 8.5:1

Number of valves 20

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All specifications are subject to change without notice.

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1999 C70 pg. 126 Specifications

Cooling system

Type: Positive pressure, closed system

Thermostat begins to open at 180°F (87°C)

Coolant: Volvo original coolant/anti-freeze

Capacity: 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)

Fuel system

The engine is equipped with a multiport fuel injection system

Distributor ignition system

Firing order: 1-2-4-5-3

Distributor ignition setting: Not adjustable

Spark plugs: Champion RC8PYP (or equivalent)

Spark plug gap: 0.03" (0.75 mm)

Tightening torque: 18.4 ft. lbs. +/- 3.7 ft. lbs. (25

Nm +/- 5 Nm)

WARNING!The distributor ignition system operates at very high voltages. Special safety precautions must be followed to prevent injury. Always turn the ignition off when:

Replacing distributor ignition components e.g. plugs, coil, etc.

Do not touch any part of the ditributor ignition system while the engine is running. This may result in unintended movements and body injury.

Replacing spark plugs

The spark plugs should be changed every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). However, city driving or fast highway driving may necessitate changing after 15,000 miles (24,000 km) of driving. When installing new plugs, be sure to fit the right type and use correct torque, see "Specifications". When changing the plugs, check tha the suppressor connectors are in good condition. Cracked or damaged connectors should be replaced. When changing the spark plugs, clean the terminals and the rubber seals.

Front suspension

Spring strut suspension with integrated shock absorbers and control arm linked to the support frame. Power-assisted rack and pinion steering. Safety type steering column.

The alignment specifications apply to an unladen car but include fuel, coolant, and spare wheel.

Toe-in measured on the wheel rims: 2.4 mm +/- 0.7 mm

Toe-in measured on tire sides: 2.9 +/- 0.9 mm

Rear Suspension

Delta-link individual rear-wheel suspension with longitudinal support arms, double link arms and track rods. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_37.htm (1 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:51 PM

1999 C70

Toe-in measured on the tire sides: 4° +/- 10°

All specifications are subject to change without notice. pg. 127 Specifications (cont.)

Power transmission

Manual transmission: M 56 H

Single-disc dry plate clutch. All-synchromesh on all gears including reverse; integrated final drive. Operation via a floor mounted gear lever.

Final drive ratio 4.00:1

Reduction ratios

1st gear 3.07:1

2nd gear 1.77:1

3rd gear 1.19:1

4th gear 0.87:1

5th gear 0.70:1

Reverse 2.99:1

Automatic transmission: AW 50-42 LE

4-speed automatic electronically controlled gearbox comprising a hydraulic torque converter with a lock-up function; planetary gear, integrated final drive.

Operation via a floor mounted gear selector lever. Drive shafts with symmetrical joint location.

Final drive ratio 2.56:1

Reduction ratios

1st gear 3.61:1

2nd gear 2.06:1

3rd gear 1.37:1

4th gear 0.98:1

Reverse 3.95:1

Capacities

Fuel tank 17.9 US gals (68 liters)

Cooling System 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)

Engine oil (incl. filter) 6.1 US qts. (5.8 liters)*

Automatic transmission 2 US gals (7.6 liters)

Manual transmission 2.2 US qts. (2.1 liters)

Power steering fluid 0.8 US qts. (0.8 liter)

Washer fluid reservoir 4.7 US qts. (4.5 liters)

Brake/clutch system 0.6 US qts (0.6 liters) file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_37.htm (2 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:51 PM

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* Add 0.95 US qt. (0.9 liters) if the oil cooler has been drained.

Vehicle Loading

The tires on your Volvo should perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as recommended on the tire information label. The label is located on the inside of the fuel filler flap. The label lists both tire and vehicle design limits.

Do not load your car beyond the load limits indicated.

WARNING! Improperly inflated tires will reduce tire life, adversely affect vehicle handling and can possibly lead to failure resulting in loss of vehicle control prior warning.

All specifications are subject to change without notice. pg. 128 Specifications (cont.)

Electrical system

12 Volt, negative ground.

Voltage-controlled generator. Single-wire system with chassis and engine used as conductors.

Battery

Voltage 12 V

Capacity 520 A/100 min

(certain markets) 420 A/75 min

The battery contains corrosive and poisonous acids. It is of the utmost importance that old batteries are disposed of correctly. Your Volvo retailer can assist you in this matter.

Generator

Rated output 1400 W

Max. current 100 A

Bulbs

Bulb US No. Power Socket

Headlights

High beam

Low beam

Front parking lights/turn signals

Turn signals, rear

H7

H7

3357

NA

55W

55W

30/7 W/30/2.2 cp

21W

W 2.5 x 15q

BAU 15

No/

bulbs

2

2

2

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Side direction indicators – 5W

Tail lights

Brake lights

Back-up lights

Rear fog light

Front fog lights

License plate light

Door open warning light

Door step courtesy light

Trunk light

Glove compartment light

Vanity mirror lights

Instrument lighting

Illumination, control panel

gear selector (automatic trans.)

rear ashtray

Instrument warning/indicator lights

Front courtesy lights – 5 W

Rear reading lights –

All specifications are subject to change without notice pg. 129 Specifications (cont.)

Dimensions and weights - Volvo C70

5 W

67

1156

1156

1156

H1

5 W/4cp

21W/32cp

21W/32cp

21W/32cp

55 W

5 W

3 W

5W

10 W

2 W

1.2 W

3 W

1.2 W

1.2 W

1.2 W

1.2 W

W 2.1X9.5 d

BA 15 s

BA 15 s

BA 15 s

BA 15 s

P 14.5s

W 2.1x9.5d

W 2.1x9.5d

W 2.1x9.5d

SV 8.5

BA 9s

W 2.1x9.5d

W 2x4.6 d

W 2x4.6 d

W 2x4.6 d

W 2x4.6 d

BA 9s

BA 9s

2

2

2

2

1

2

4

2

2

1

2

4

1

2

3

1

1

Length 185.8 in. (472 cm)

Width 71.7 in. (182 cm)

Height 55.1 in. (140 cm)

Wheelbase 104.7 in. (266 cm)

Track, front 59.8 in. (151.8 cm)

Track, rear 59.7 in. (151.6 cm)

Turning circle (between curbs) 33.5 ft. (10.2 m)

Cargo capacity 13.1 cu. ft. (0.37 m³) file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_37.htm (4 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:51 PM

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WARNING! When adding accessories, equipment, luggage and other cargo to your vehicle, the total loaded weight capacity of the vehicle must not be exceeded.

USA Canada

Gross vehicle weight (GVW)

C70 (auto) 4190 lbs (1901 kg) 1900 kg

C70 (man.)

Capacity Weight *

C70 (B5234T3)

C70 (B5254T)

4140 lbs (1878 kg)

765 lbs (347 kg)

795 lbs (361 kg)

1880 kg

350 kg

360 kg

Curb weight

C70 3325-3408 lbs (1508-1546 kg) 1509-1547 kg

Permissible axle weight, front

C70 (aut.)

C70 (man.)

2360 lbs (1070 kg)

2310 lbs (1048 kg)

Permissible axle weight, rear

C70 (auto.) 1940 lbs (880 kg)

1070 kg

1050 kg

C70 (man.)

Max. roof load

Max. trailer weight

1890 lbs (857 kg)

220 lbs (100 kg)

880 kg

860 kg

100 kg

(w/o brakes)

(with brakes)

2" ball

1 7/8" ball

1100 lbs (500 kg)

3300 lbs (1500 kg)

2000 lbs (908 kg)

500 kg

1500 kg

900 kg

Max. tongue weight **

165 lbs (75 kg) 75 kg

* The max permissible axle loads or the gross vehicle weight must not be exceeded.

** See also section "Trailer towing"

All specifications are subject to change without notice. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_37.htm (5 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:51 PM

1999 C70 pg. 130 Service manuals, Road assistance

Volvo supports Voluntary Mechanic Certification by the A.S.E. Certified mechanics have demonstrated a high degree of competence in specific areas. Besides passing exams each mechanic must also have worked in the field for two or more years before a certificate is issued. These professional mechanics are fully able to analyze vehicle problems and perform the necessary service procedures to keep your Volvo at peak operating condition.

NOTE: The above pertains to the USA only.

Your new Volvo comes with a four year road assistance program named ON-CALL. Additional information, features, and benefits are described in a separate information package in your glove compartment.

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1999 C70

Chapter 10 - Audio systems

pg. 131 Audio systems

Audio systems

This chapter describes the audio system in your car.

SC-813 132

SC-816 145

SC-900/901 161

General Information 184

pg. 132 Audio system SC-813 (certain models)

The following pages describe the use of your SC-813 Cassette radio and CD remote control

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1. On/off (push)

2.

3. Volume (turn)

4. Pause/Mute (push)

5. Balance (pull)

6. Active Sound Control

7. CD changer selector

8.

9. Tape mode selector

10. Tape direction selector

PROG

11. Bass control

12. Treble control

13. Fader control

14.

15. Preset buttons

16. CD-Disc No. selector

17. PROG - Reversing the tape

11. Dolby B NR button

12. Cassette eject

13. Not in use

14. Scan

15. Auto seek memory

16.

17. Seek tuning up/down

18. TP-Next/Previous song

19. CD-Next UP/Previous

20.

DOWN track

21. Manual tuning

22. TP-fast forward/

Rewind

23. CD-Music search UP/

DOWN

24. RND button

19. Cassette slot

20. Display

21. Waveband selector (AM)

22. Waveband selectors (FM)

23. Anti-theft LED

TP = Applicable only in Tape

Mode

CD = Applicable only when in

CD mode and connected to a CD changer. pg. 133 Anti-theft code

Anti-theft code

The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the battery power is disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set.

Refer to the radio code card supplied with your vehicle or ask your retailer for the correct code.

When the car is parked with the ignition key removed, the anti-theft LED will flash.

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To enter the code

After installation or when the set has been disconnected from power, the set displays "COdE" when it is switched on.

Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons. If the correct code is entered, "on" is displayed and the set is ready to use.

If you enter an incorrect code you must enter the correct code again from the beginning.

Incorrect code

If an incorrect code has been entered "rPt" is displayed. Enter the correct code.

After three unsuccessful coding attempts the set will lock and remain locked for two hours. "OFF" is displayed.

During this waiting period:

● the battery must be connected

● the ignition key must be turned to position I

● the unit must be turned on

Make sure the headlights are turned off to help prevent battery drain (please refer to

page 24 for information on turning the headlights off).

Enter the code again once this time has elapsed.

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1999 C70 pg. 134 Radio SC-813

A - On/off switch

Push the button to switch on the radio. Press the button slightly longer to turn the radio off.

B - Volume control

Turn the button clockwise to increase the volume. The volume control is electronic and has no end stop.

C - Waveband selector

The desired waveband is set by pressing one of the waveband selector buttons. The frequency and waveband is shown on the display.

NOTE: There are two FM wavebands and one AM waveband. This makes it possible to store 2 x 6 FM stations and 6 AM stations in memory.

D - Setting frequency selection

The radio can be used in most parts of the world by changing the frequency selection intervals as follows:

Depress and hold preset button 5 and turn the radio ON. "USA" will flash on the display. Each time button 5 is pressed, the frequency selection will change from "USA" to "AUS", etc. When the correct country name is displayed, wait 5 seconds and the radio will be ready for use.

E - Manual tuning

Press the left side tune button to tune to lower frequencies and the right side to tune to higher frequencies. The tuned frequency is displayed.

ST will be displayed to indicate stereo FM reception.

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A - Seek tuning up/down

Press the left side tune button to tune to lower frequencies and the right side to tune to higher frequencies. The radio seeks the next audible station and stops there. If you wish to continue the seek tuning, press the tune button again.

B - Preset programming

1. Tune to the desired frequency.

2. Depress and hold a preset button. The audio will cut out. Keep the button depressed until the audio comes on again (approx. 2 seconds).

3. The frequency is now stored on this preset button.

C - Preset buttons

To select a pre-programed radio frequency, depress the preset button. The set frequency will be displayed.

pg. 136 Radio SC-813

A- Automatic programming (Auto)

Please note that this function will not interfere with pre-stored stations on buttons 1-6. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_39.htm (2 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:52 PM

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This function automatically seeks and stores up to 8 strong AM or FM stations. This is especially useful when travelling in areas where radio stations are unfamiliar.

1. Depress and hold the "AUTO" button for at least 1 second. A number of strong stations (max. 8) on the chosen waveband are now automatically stored in the memory. If there are no audible stations, "- - - -" is displayed.

2. Press the "AUTO" button (for less than 1 second) to obtain another autostored station.

A new station will be selected each time the button is pressed momentarily.

B - Bass control

Adjust the bass by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease) A "detent" indicates

"equalized" bass.

C - Treble control

Adjust the treble by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent" indicates "equalized" treble.

pg. 137 Radio SC-813

A- Fader control

Adjust front/rear speaker balance by sliding the control up or down. (UP to direct more sound to the front speakers, DOWN to direct more sound to the rear speakers). The "detent" indicates "equalized" front /rear balance position.

B - Pause function

Press the "volume" knob to temporarily mute

C - Balance control

Pull out the "volume" knob and adjust the left/ right balance by turning the knob counterclockwise or clockwise.

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D - Scan

Press this button to listen to each station for five seconds. Press it again to stop scanning. "Scan" will be displayed during scanning.

E - Active sound control (ASC)

The ASC function automatically adjusts the volume level of the audio system according to driving speed.

To deactivate ASC depress the "ASC" button. To activate ASC, depress the "ASC" button until "ASC" is displayed.

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1999 C70 pg. 138 Cassette deck

A - Cassette slot

The cassette is inserted with the open side to the right (side 1 or A of the cassette upwards). When the cassette is inserted, the radio is disengaged and the cassette will start to play automatically. "TAPE " or "TAPE " is displayed to indicate which side of the tape is being played. When one side of the tape has been played the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse). The cassette can be inserted or ejected even when the unit is switched off.

B - Reversing the tape (PROG)

Press the button to play the other side of the tape.

The side of the tape being played will be displayed.

C - Fast winding

The tape is advanced with " " and rewound with " ". Fast winding can be stopped by pressing either the selected button or the fast wind button again or by pressing the "TAPE" button.

D - Dolby B NR button

Press this button when you use tapes recorded with the Dolby B noise reduction system. The Dolby symbol

will be indicated in the display.

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1999 C70

A- Next selector

Press the " " button and the tape will automatically advance to the next song. There must be a gap

(no audio sound) of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

B - Previous selector

Press the " " button and the tape will automatically rewind to the previous song. There must be a gap

(no audio sound) of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

C- Pause

If you press the "volume" knob the tape is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To restart the tape press the knob again.

D - Scan

Press this button to listen to the first five seconds of each song. Press this button or the "TAPE" button to stop scanning. During scanning "SCAN" will be displayed. There must be a gap (no audio sound) of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

pg. 140 Cassette deck

A - Cassette eject

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If the button is pressed the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected. The radio will be automatically engaged. The radio or CD changer will engage automatically (depending on which mode was activated before the tape was played).

B - To re-enter Radio mode

Push one of the waveband selector buttons When the unit re-enters Radio mode, the cassette will not be ejected.

C - To re-enter Tape mode

If the Tape function has been disconnected and the cassette has not been ejected, the Tape mode can be re-entered by pressing the "TAPE" button.

D - To re-enter CD changer mode

If the CD changer function has been disconnected, the CD changer mode can be reentered by pressing the "CHGR" button.

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1999 C70 pg. 141 CD - Changer (retailer option)

A- CD changer mode selector

Press "CHGR" to actuate the CD changer mode. The disc/track last listened to will continue to play. If the CD-changer cartridge* is empty, "---" will be displayed. If a selected disc does not exist, the disc number and "5--" will be displayed and the next disc will be automatically selected.

B - Disc number selector

Depress one of the preset buttons ( 1-6) to select the disc number desired. The selected disc number and track number will be displayed.

C - Music search

Press the " " or " " button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing time for this track will be displayed.

*The functions pertaining to the CD-changer are only applicable if the unit has been connected to the Volvo CD-changer, which is sold separately as an accessory.

If no CD-changer is connected to the unit "EEEE" will be displayed if you happen to choose CHGR mode. pg. 142 CD - Changer (dealer option) file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_41.htm (1 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:53 PM

1999 C70

A - Changing the selected track number

Press " " for forward selection or " track number will be displayed.

" for backward selection. The chosen disc number and

B - Playing-time display

When the "CHGR" button is pressed the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.

C - Scan

Press this button to listen to the first ten seconds of each track. Press it again to stop scanning. During scanning "SCAN" will be displayed. pg. 143 CD - Changer (dealer option)

A- Random choice

Press "RND" to actuate the random mode. From a disc chosen at random, 4 tracks will be played (also chosen at random)*. A new disc will then be played in the same way. "RND" will be displayed when this function is engaged.

* The random function may cause a disc to be played more than once before playing through all discs. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_41.htm (2 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:53 PM

1999 C70

B - Pause

If you press the "volume" knob the disc is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To restart the disc press the knob again.

C - To re-enter Radio mode

Push one of the waveband selector buttons.

D - To re-enter Tape mode

If a cassette is already inserted, the tape deck will reengage if the "TAPE" button is pressed.

E - To re-enter CD changer mode

If the CD changer function has been disconnected, the CD changer mode can be reentered by pressing the "CHGR" button.

pg. 144 Technical specifications

SC-813

Power output: 4 x 25 W (10% dist.)

Output impedance: 4 Ohms

System voltage: 12 Volts, negative ground

Radio

System: PLL (Phase Lock Loop) system with tuned RF (Radio Frequency) front and end automatic wide band gain control. Electronic suppression circuitry (noise killer).

This Radio is equipped with FM-Diversity.

Frequency range:

AM 530 - 1710 kHz

FM 87.9 - 107.9 MHz

Sensitivity:

AM 20µV

FM l.lµV

Stereo separation: 35 dB

Cassette deck

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1999 C70

4-track, 2 channel stereo

Full logic electronic tape transport

Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec.

Channel separation 53 dB

Frequency range 30-15000 hz

S/N (120 µV) 56 dB without Dolby B NR

S/N (120 µV) 66 dB with Dolby B NR

Wow and Flutter < 0.06%

Pinch off

"Dolby" and the double D symbol are the trademarks of Dolby

Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby noise reduction manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.

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1999 C70 pg. 145 Audio system SC-816 (certain models)

The following pages describe the use of your SC-816

1. On/off (push)

2.

3. Volume (turn)

4. Pause/Mute (push)

5. Balance (pull)

6. Single CD mode selector -

Active Sound Control

7. CD changer selector

8.

9. Tape mode selector

10. Tape direction selector

PROG

11. Bass control

12. Treble control

13. Fader control

14.

15. Preset buttons

16. CD-Disc No. selector

10. Dolby B NR button

11. CD-random play

12. Cassette eject

13. Remote control window

14. Auto seek memory

15. Scan

16.

17. Seek tuning up/down

18. TP-Next/Previous song

19. CD-Next UP/Previous

DOWN track

20.

21. Manual tuning

22. TP-Fast forward/Rewind

23. CD-Music search UP/

DOWN

24. CD eject (single)

19. CD slot

20. Cassette slot

21. Display

22. Waveband selector (AM)

23. Waveband selectors (FM)

24.

25. Anti-theft LED

26. Disc in LED (single)

TP = Applicable only in Tape Mode

CD = Applicable only when in CD mode and connected to a CD changer. pg. 146 Anti-theft code file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_42.htm (1 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:53 PM

1999 C70

Anti-theft code

The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the battery power is disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set.

Refer to the radio code card supplied with your vehicle or ask your retailer for the correct code.

When the car is parked with ignition key removed the anti-theft LED will flash.

To enter the code

After installation or when the set has been disconnected from power, the set displays "CODE" when it is switched on.

Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons. If the correct code is entered the set is ready to use.

If you enter an incorrect code you must enter the correct code again from the beginning.

Incorrect code

If an incorrect code has been entered "EEEE" is displayed. Enter the correct code. After three unsuccessful coding attempts the set will lock and remain locked for two hours. "OFF" is displayed.

During this waiting period:

● the battery must be connected

● the ignition key must be turned to position I file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_42.htm (2 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:53 PM

1999 C70

● the unit must be turned on

Make sure the headlights are turned off to help prevent battery drain (please refer to

page 24 for information on turning the headlights off) . Enter the code again once this time has elapsed.

pg. 147 Radio SC-816

A- On/off switch

Push the button to switch on the radio. Press the button to turn the radio off.

B - Volume control

Turn the button clockwise to increase the volume. The volume control is electronic and has no end stop.

C - Waveband selector

The desired waveband is set by pressing one of the waveband selector buttons. The frequency and waveband is shown on the display.

NOTE: There are two FM wavebands and one AM waveband. This makes it possible to store 2 x 6 FM stations and 6 AM stations in the memory.

D - Setting frequency selection

The radio can be used in most parts of the world by changing the frequency selection intervals as follows:

Depress and hold preset button 5 and turn the radio ON. "USA" will flash on the display. Each time button 5 is pressed, the frequency selection will change from "USA" to "AUS", etc. When the correct country name is displayed, wait 5 seconds and the radio will be ready for use.

E - Manual tuning

Press the left side tune button to tune to lower frequencies and the right side to tune to higher frequencies. The tuned frequency is displayed. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_42.htm (3 of 6)12/30/2006 3:33:53 PM

1999 C70

ST will be displayed to indicate stereo FM reception.

pg. 148 Radio SC-816

A - Seek tuning up/down

Press the left side tune button to tune to lower frequencies and the right side to tune to higher frequencies. The radio seeks the next audible station and stops there. If you wish to continue the seek tuning, press the tune button again.

B - Preset programming

1. Tune to the desired frequency.

2. Depress and hold a preset button. The audio will cut out. Keep the button depressed until the audio comes on again (approx. 2 seconds).

3. The frequency is now stored on this preset button.

C - Preset buttons

To select a pre-programed radio frequency, depress the preset button. The set frequency will be displayed.

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1999 C70

A- Automatic programming (Auto)

Please note that this function will not interfere with pre-stored stations on buttons 1-6.

This function automatically seeks and stores up to 8 strong AM or FM stations.

This is especially useful when travelling in areas where radio stations are unfamiliar.

1. Depress and hold the "AUTO" button for at least 1 second. A number of strong stations (max 8) on the chosen waveband are now automatically stored in the memory.

The lowest frequency station is heard. If there are no audible stations, "- - - - " is displayed.

2. Press the "AUTO" button (for less than 1 second) to obtain another autostored station.

A new station will be selected each time the button is pressed momentarily.

B - Bass control

Adjust the bass by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent" indicates "equalized" bass.

C - Treble control

Adjust the treble by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent" indicates "equalized" treble.

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1999 C70

A- Fader control

Adjust front/rear speaker balance by sliding the control up or down. (UP to direct more sound to the front speakers DOWN to direct more sound to the rear speakers).

The "detent" indicates "equalized" front /rear balance position.

B - Pause function

Press the "volume" knob to temporarily mute the sound. "PAUSE" is displayed.

C - Balance control

Pull out the "volume" knob and adjust the left/ right balance by turning the knob counterclockwise or clockwise.

D - Scan

Press this button to listen to each station for five seconds. Press it again to stop scanning.

E - Active sound control (ASC)

The ASC function automatically adjusts the volume level of the audio system according to driving speed.

To deactivate ASC depress the "CD" button until "ASC" is no longer displayed. To activate ASC, depress the "CD" button until "ASC" is displayed (approx. 2 seconds).

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1999 C70 pg. 151 Cassette deck

A - Cassette slot

The cassette is inserted with the open side to the right (side 1 or A of the cassette upwards). When the cassette is inserted, the radio is disengaged and the cassette will start to play automatically. "TAPE " or "TAPE " is displayed to indicate which side of the tape is being played. When one side of the tape has been played the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse). The cassette can be inserted or ejected even when the unit is switched off.

B - Reversing the tape (PROG)

Press the button to play the other side of the tape.

C - Fast winding

The tape is advanced with " " and rewound with " ". "FF" will be displayed while advancing the tape. "REW" will be displayed while rewinding the tape.

Fast winding can be stopped by pressing the tuning button or the TAPE button again.

D- Dolby B NR button

Press this button when you use tapes recorded with the Dolby B noise reduction system.

The Dolby symbol

will be indicated in the display.

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1999 C70

A- Next selector

Press the " " button and the tape will automatically advance to the next song. There must be a gap

(no audio sound) of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

B - Previous selector

Press the " " button and the tape will automatically rewind to the previous song. There must be a gap

(no audio sound) of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

C - Pause

If you press the "volume" knob the tape is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To restart the tape press the knob again.

D - Scan

Press this button to listen to the first five seconds of each song. Press it again to stop scanning. "SCAN" will be displayed. There must be a gap (no audio sound) of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate. pg. 153 Cassette deck file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_43.htm (2 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:53 PM

1999 C70

A - Cassette eject

If the button is pressed the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected. The radio will be automatically engaged. The radio, CD or CD changer will engage automatically (depending on which mode was activated before the tape was played).

B - To re-enter Radio mode

Push one of the waveband selector buttons When the unit re-enters Radio mode, the cassette will not be ejected.

C - To re-enter CD changer mode

If the CD changer function has been disconnected, the CD changer mode can be reentered by pressing the "CHGR" button.

D - To re-enter CD mode

If the CD function has been disconnected and the CD has not been ejected, the CD mode can be reentered by pressing the "CD" button.

E - To re-enter Tape mode

If the Tape function has been disconnected and the cassette has not been ejected, the Tape mode can be re-entered by pressing the "TAPE" button.

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1999 C70 pg. 154 CD - Single

A - CD slot

With the audio system on, insert a disc into the slot with the label side up. When the CD is inserted, the radio is disengaged and the CD will start to play automatically.

The CD can be inserted or ejected even when the unit is switched off.

When the CD has been inserted into the player, the "DISC IN" light will always be ON even if the radio, tape deck or CD changer are in use.

B - CD mode selector

Press "CD" to actuate the CD mode. The track last listened to will continue to play. If the CD player is empty, "NO CD" will be displayed.

C - CD eject

If the button is pressed the CD will stop and the disc will be ejected. The radio will be automatically engaged. The radio, tape or CD changer will engage automatically (depending on which mode was activated before the CD was played).

NOTE: If the CD eject button is pressed and the disc is not removed within 12 seconds, the disc will be drawn into the CD player again. pg. 155 CD - Single file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_44.htm (1 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:54 PM

1999 C70

A- Music search

Press the " " or " " button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing time for this track will be displayed.

B - Changing the selected track number

Press " " for forward selection or " track number will be displayed.

" for backward selection. The disc number and the chosen

C - Playing-time display

When the "CD" button is pressed the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.

D - Scan

Press this button to listen to the first ten seconds of each track. Press it again to stop scanning. pg. 156 CD - Single

A- Random choice

Press "RND" to actuate the random mode. From a disc, tracks will be played at random*. "RND" will be file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_44.htm (2 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:54 PM

1999 C70 displayed when this function is engaged.

* The random function may cause a disc to be played more than once before playing through all discs.

B - Pause

If you press the "volume" knob the disc is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To restart the disc press the knob again.

C - To re-enter Radio mode

Push one of the waveband selector buttons

D - To re-enter Tape mode

If a cassette is already inserted, the tape deck will reengage if the "TAPE" button is pressed.

E - To re-enter CD mode

If the CD function has been disconnected and the CD has not been ejected, the CD mode can be reentered by pressing the "CD" button.

F - To re-enter CD changer mode

If the CD changer function has been disconnected, the CD changer mode can be reentered by pressing the "CHGR" button.

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1999 C70 pg. 157 CD - Changer (dealer option)

A - CD changer mode selector

Press "CHGR" to actuate the CD changer mode. The disc/track last listened to will continue to play. If the CD-changer cartridge* is empty, "0-00" will be displayed. If there is no cartridge in the changer "- - -

-" will be displayed. If a selected disc does not exist, the disc number and "-00" will be displayed and the next disc will be automatically selected.

B - Disc number selector

Depress one of the preset buttons ( 1-6) to select the disc number desired. The selected disc number and track number will be displayed.

C - Music search

Press the " " or " " button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing time for this track will be displayed.

*The functions pertaining to the CD-changer are only applicable if the unit has been connected to the

Volvo CD-changer, which is sold separately as an accessory.

If no CD-changer is connected to the unit "EEEE" will be displayed if you happen to choose CHGR mode.

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1999 C70

A - Changing the selected track number

Press " " for forward selection or track number will be displayed.

"" for backward selection. The chosen disc number and

B - Playing-time display

When the "CHGR" button is pressed the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.

C - Scan

Press this button to listen to the first ten seconds of each track. Press it again to stop scanning. pg. 159 CD - Changer (dealer option)

A- Random choice

Press "RND" to actuate the random mode. From a disc chosen at random, 4 tracks will be played (also chosen at random). A new disc will then be played in the same way. "RND" will be displayed when this function is engaged.

B- Pause

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1999 C70

If you press the "volume" knob the disc is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To restart the disc press the knob again.

C - To re-enter Radio mode

Push one of the waveband selector buttons.

D - To re-enter Tape mode

If a cassette is already inserted, the tape deck will reengage if the "TAPE" button is pressed.

E - To re-enter CD mode

If the CD function has been disconnected an the CD has not been ejected, the CD mode c be re-entered by pressing the "CD" button.

F - To re-enter CD changer mode

If the CD changer function has been disconnected, the CD changer mode can be reentered by pressing the "CHGR" button.

pg. 160 Technical specifications

SC-816

Power output: 4 x 60 W (10% dist.)

Output impedance: 4 Ohms

System voltage: 12 Volts, negative ground

Radio

System: PLL (Phase Lock Loop) system with tuned RF (Radio Frequency) front and end automatic wide band gain control. Electronic suppression circuitry (noise killer). The Radio is equipped with FM diversity.

Frequency range:

AM 530 - 1710 kHz

FM 87.9 - 107.9 MHz

Sensitivity:

AM 20µV

FM l.lµV

Stereo separation: 35 dB file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_45.htm (3 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:54 PM

1999 C70

Cassette deck

4-track, 2 channel stereo

Full logic electronic tape transport

Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec.

Channel separation 53 dB

Frequency range 30-15000 hz

S/N (120 µV) 56 dB without Dolby B NR

S/N (120 µV) 66 dB with Dolby B NR

Wow and Flutter < 0.06%

Pinch off

"Dolby" and the double D symbol

are the trademarks of Dolby

Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby noise reduction manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.

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1999 C70 pg. 161 Audio system SC-900/901 (certain models)

The following pages describe the function and operation of your SC-900/901.

1. On/off (press)

2. Volume (turn)

3. Balance (pull out and turn)

4. CD player - on/off

5. CD mode selector - on/ off

6. Cassette deck - on/off

7.

8. Bass control

9. Volume control - sound effects (pull and turn)

10. Treble control

11.

12. Balance control front/ rear (fader)

13. Volume control - center speaker (pull and turn)

14. Preset buttons

15. CD 3 disc selector 1-3

16. CD 6 disc selector 1-6

17. Waveband selector

(FM)

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11.

12. Autostore memory

13. CD - random play

14.

15. News

16. Radio text

17.

18. Program type selector

19. Dolby B noise reduction

20. Traffic information selector

21.

22. Manual tuning knob

23. Track selector - CD

24. Scanning

25. Pro Logic Surround

Sound

26. Cassette slot

27. Display

28. CD slot

29. Fast forward

30. CD - forward search

31. Tape - forward search

32. Radio - frequency up

21. Fast rewind

22. CD - backwards search

23. Tape - backwards search

24. Radio - frequency down

25.

26. CD - next track

27. Tape - next track

28. Radio - next station

(seek up)

29.

30. CD - repeat previous track

31. Tape - repeat previous track

32. Radio - next station

(seek down)

33.

34. CD - open

35.

36. Anti-Theft indicator

37. CD - warning indicator

38. Cassette eject

39. PROG - reversing the tape

1999 C70

(AM) pg. 162 Anti-theft code

Anti-theft code

The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the battery power is disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set.

Refer to the radio code card supplied with your vehicle or ask your retailer for the correct code.

When the car is parked with the ignition key removed, the anti-theft LED will flash.

To enter the code

After installation or when power has been disconnected, 'CODE' appears in the display when the set is switched on.

Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons. If the correct code is entered, the set is ready to use.

If you enter an incorrect code, you must enter the correct code again from the beginning.

Incorrect code

If an incorrect code has been entered, 'CODE Repeat' is displayed. Enter the correct code. After three unsuccessful coding attempts, the set will lock and remain locked for two hours. 'System Off' appears in the display.

During this waiting period:

● the battery must be connected

● the ignition key must be turned to position I

● the unit must be turned on

Make sure the headlights are turned off to help prevent battery drain (please refer to

page 24 for information on turning the headlights off).

Enter the correct code after the two hours have

elapsed. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_46.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:54 PM

1999 C70 pg. 163 Radio SC-900/901

A- On/off switch

Press the button to switch the radio on/off.

B - Volume control

Turn this knob clockwise to increase the volume. The volume control is electronic and has no stop point.

C - Waveband selector

Press the "FM" or "AM" button to select the waveband you require. The name of the station and the waveband will appear in the display.

NOTE: There are three FM bands and one AM band. This allows you to store 3 x 6 FM stations and 6

AM stations. By pressing the FM button repeatedly you can switch between FM 1, FM 2 and FM 3.

D - Manual tuning knob

Turn this knob clockwise to select higher frequencies and counterclockwise for lower frequencies.

Stored frequencies appear in the display.

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1999 C70

A - Automatic programming of stations

Please note that this function will not interfere with pre-stored stations on buttons 1-6. This function automatically seeks and stores up to 10 strong AM or FM stations in a separate memory. This is especially useful when travelling in areas where radio stations are unfamiliar.

1. Press and hold the 'AUTO' button for at least one second. A number of strong stations (max. 10) on the chosen waveband are now automatically stored in the memory. An 'A' now appears to the right in the display. If there are no sufficiently strong signals, 'No Station' is displayed.

2. Press the 'AUTO' button (for less than one second) if you want to change to one of the other autostored stations. A new autostored station will be selected each time the button is pressed.

B - Preset programming

1. Tune to the desired frequency.

2. Press a preset button (the audio will cut out) and keep it pressed until the audio comes on again

(approximately two seconds).

3. The frequency is now stored on this preset button.

C - Preset buttons

To select a pre programed radio program, press the appropriate preset button. The stored program will appear in the display. pg. 165 Radio SC-900/901 file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_46.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:54 PM

1999 C70

A- Bass control

Adjust the bass by pressing the button to extend the control and then fuming it to the left (less bass) or to the right (more bass). A "detent" indicates "equalized" bass. Press the button back in when you have set the level.

B - Treble control

Adjust the treble by pressing the button to extend the control and then fuming it to the left (less treble) or to the right (more treble). A "detent" indicates "equalized" treble. Press the button back in when you have set the level.

C - Fader - Balance control front/rear

Adjust front/rear speaker balance by pressing the button to extend the control and then turning it to the left (more sound from the front speakers) or to the right (more sound from the rear speakers). A "detent" indicates "equalized" balance. Press the button back in when you have set the level.

D - Balance control right/left

Pull out the 'volume' button and turn clockwise/counterclockwise to adjust the balance between the right/ left speakers. The balance is shown in the display.

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1999 C70 pg. 166 RDS, Automatic tuning

Radio Data System - RDS (also referred to as RBDS)

The SC-900/901 radio is equipped with an advanced system allowing information from broadcasters to be transmitted inaudibly together with the audio signal. This information is then decoded by the SC-

900/190 and made available for several new and unique features. The RDS or Radio Data System operates in the FM band only, and the information transmitted is supplied by participating broadcasters. Volvo has no control over the accuracy of the data or information. Please refer to pages

168-173 regarding specific descriptions and operation of these functions. Volvo was among the first to pioneer this technology throughout Europe and it is slowly making its way to North America.

Coverage by local broadcasters may be limited at this time, but as the technology and benefits grow, you will find the SC-900/901 radio ready to advantage of this system.

Automatic tuning

This feature may not apply in your area.

If you tune into a station using RDS, the frequency is displayed followed by the name of the station in letters. The AF function ensures that the radio automatically tunes into the most powerful transmitter for the selected program. Keep the FM button pressed down for at least two seconds. 'AF Switch OFF' appears in the display for two seconds. If you want to switch on the AF function, press the FM button for less than one second. 'AF Switch ON' then appears in the display.

'AF Switch ON'- Automatic station tracking is activated

'AF Switch OFF'- Automatic station tracking is deactivated

A- Station seek up/down

Press the left side of the station seek button to seek for lower frequencies and the right side for higher frequencies. The radio seeks the next audible station and stops there. Press the button again to continue searching. If the TP button is depressed, the station seek function will only seek stations which broadcast this particular type of program. Press the button to switch off this function. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_47.htm (1 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:55 PM

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B - Scanning

Press this button to listen to each station for five seconds. If the unit is in tape or CD mode, each track will play for ten seconds. pg. 167 Traffic Program

Traffic Program (TP)

This feature may not apply in your area and only functions with FM broadcasts. Please refer to the RDS information on

page 168

. By pressing the TP button (for less than 1 second), RDS stations broadcasting traffic information can be heard. 'TP' is displayed when this function is switched on. If the unit is in tape or CD mode when the radio receives traffic information, the respective function will be interrupted and the announcement is received at the volume selected for traffic information. As soon as the announcement is over, the previous volume will be restored and the tape or CD will start to play again.

Traffic information can only be received when TP is displayed.

If TP is flashing, it means that either no traffic information is being broadcast by the current transmitter or the signal is too weak.

After approximately 70 seconds, an audible signal will be heard, indicating that you should change to a stronger TP transmitter. To turn off this signal:

- Turn the radio off

- Press and hold down the TP button and turn the radio on. By pressing the TP button again, you can turn the TP alarm on or off.

The radio will function normally again after 5 seconds.

Press the TP button again if you want to stop listening to a traffic announcement.

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NEWS

This feature may not apply in your area and only functions with FM broadcasts. Please refer to the RDS information on

page 166

. Press the NEWS button to seek a station broadcasting news programs.

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1999 C70 pg. 169 Program type - PTY

Program type

The 'PTY' function enables you to select different types of program. If you want to search for a specific program type:

1. Press the PTY button for less than 1 second. The program type of the currently selected radio station will be displayed.

2. By turning the manual tuning knob, it is possible to scroll through the different program types.

3. When you have found a program type you want to select, press the manual tuning knob to begin the search. During the search, the chosen program type will flash in the display.

4. If the radio finds a station of the selected program type, it will tune in this station and the station's name will appear in the display. If no station with the selected program type is found, 'No PTY' will appear in the display for five seconds and the radio will revert to the previous station.

For general information on RDS functions, please refer to

page 166

.

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PTY preset buttons

Program types are factory-preset as follows:

Button 1 - Top 40

Button 2 - Classical

Button 3 - News

Button 4 - Rock

Button 5 - R&B

Button 6 - Country

These settings can be reprogrammed according to your preferences. To change the default settings:

1. Press the PTY button for less than 1 second to enter the PTY preset programming mode.

2. Turn the manual tuning knob to display different program types.

3. Press one of the preset buttons for at least 2 seconds to store your choice of program type on that button.

Using the PTY preset buttons

Press one of the preset buttons to select a program type. The program type stored on that button will be displayed and a station broadcasting that type of program will be selected. Press the same button again to select a new station broadcasting the same type of program.

For general information on RDS functions, please refer to

page 166

. pg. 171 Volume setting. Radio text

A - Volume for traffic information

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B - Automatic volume control

The Auto Volume function adjusts both the volume and frequency response according to vehicle speed.

To enable/disable (switch on or off) this function:

Hold down preset button 1 while switching on the radio. The current setting (ON or OFF) will be displayed.

Press preset button 1 to toggle between ON and OFF. After five seconds, the display will return to normal and your selection (ON or OFF) will be stored.

C - Radio Text (RT)

Certain RDS stations broadcast general information on programs, music, weather, in text form.

This information can be displayed by press the NEWS button for approximately 2 seconds. If no text information is available "No radio text" will be displayed.

WARNING! The Radio Text function should not be used by the driver while the car is in motion as this could create a traffic hazard.

For general information on RDS functions, please refer to

page 166

.

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1999 C70 pg. 172 Cassette deck

A - Cassette slot

Insert the cassette with the open side to the right (side 1 or A upwards). When the cassette is inserted, the radio is automatically switched off and the cassette will start to play. 'Tape side A' or 'Tape side B' will appear in the display to indicate which side of the tape is being played. When one side of the tape has been played, the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse). The cassette can be ejected up to five minutes after the key has been taken out of the ignition.

B - Reversing the tape (PROG)

Press this button if you want to play the other side of the tape. The side of the tape being played will be displayed.

C - Fast winding

The tape is advanced with 'FF' and rewound with 'REW'. 'FF' (fast forward) or 'REW' (rewind) appear in the display when fast winding. Fast winding can be stopped by pressing the button again.

D - Next track

If you press the 'NXT' button, the tape will automatically advance to the next track. There must be a gap

(no audio sound) of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

E - Previous track

If you press the 'RPT' button, the tape will automatically rewind to the previous track. There must be a gap (no audio sound) of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

'NXT' and 'RPT' flash when the tape is either fast forwarding or rewinding.

NOTE: This radio is equipped with background FF/REW and NXT/RPT functions. This means that you can listen to the radio or a CD by selecting either of these modes while a tape is being wound. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_49.htm (1 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:55 PM

1999 C70 pg. 173 Cassette deck

A- Pause

If you press the 'TAPE' button, the tape will stop, the sound will cut off and 'PAUSE' will appear in the display. Press the 'TAPE' button to restart the tape.

B - Dolby B noise reduction

Press this button if you are playing a tape which has been recorded with the Dolby B noise reduction system. The Dolby symbol appears in the display.

C - Metal tapes

If you are playing a metal tape (CrO2) 'MTL' appears in the display. pg. 174 Cassette deck

A - Cassette eject

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If you press this button, the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected. The radio, CD 3 player or CD

6 changer will be automatically switched on depending on which mode was used before the tape was played.

B - To return to the radio mode

Press the FM, AM or AUTO button to return to the radio mode. The radio will then be switched on without the cassette being ejected.

C - To return to the tape mode

If the cassette deck has been switched off, but the cassette has not been ejected, you can return to tape mode by pressing the 'TAPE' button.

D - To return to the CD 3 mode

If the CD player has been switched off, but the cartridge has not been ejected, you can return to the CD 3 mode by pressing the CD 3 button

E - To return to the CD 6 changer mode

If the CD 6 changer has been switched off, you can return to the CD 6 changer mode by pressing the CD

6 button.

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1999 C70 pg. 175 CD 3 player

A - CD 3-slot

When you insert a cartridge, the unit will automatically switch modes and the CD 3 will start playing. A cartridge can be inserted even if the unit is switched off. To operate:

Insert the discs into the cartridge, label side up.

Insert the cartridge in the CD 3 slot, in the direction indicated by the arrow on the top side of the cartridge.

Eject the cartridge by pressing button C.

Remove the discs from the cartridge by pulling the lock tab for the disc you wish to remove (1).

Carefully pull the disc out of the cartridge (2).

B - CD 3 player mode - on

Press the CD 3 button to activate the CD play en The last track to be played will start playing. If there is no disc in the cartridge, the cartridge will automatically be ejected. Choose disc 1, 2 or 3 with the preselect buttons 1-3.

C - CD 3 eject

If you press this button, the CD 3 player will stop and the cartridge will be ejected. The radio, cassette deck or CD 6 changer will automatically be switched back on, depending on which function was used last.

NOTE: Do not pull the cartridge while it is in operation, as this may damage the mechanism.

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A- Music search

Press the 'FF' or 'REW' buttons to search within a track. While the button is pressed, the playing time for this track is displayed.

B - Changing tracks

Press 'NXT' to move forward to the next track, 'RPT' to repeat the previous track or turn the manual tuning knob. The selected disc number and track number will appear in the display.

C - Playing-time display

When the 'FF' or 'REW' buttons are pressed, the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.

pg. 177 CD 3 player

A- Random choice

Press 'RND' to activate the random function. The unit will play the tracks on the disc in a random* order. 'RND' (random) appears in the display while the function is on.

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* The random function may cause a disc to be played more than once before playing through all discs.

B - Pause

If you press the CD 3 button, the CD 3 player stops, the sound is switched off and 'Pause' appears in the display. Press the CD 3 button again to restart the CD 3 player.

C - To return to the radio mode

Press the FM or the AM button.

D - To return to the tape mode

If a cassette is already inserted, you can return to tape mode by pressing the 'TAPE' button.

E - To return to the CD 3 mode

If the CD 3 player has been switched off but the cartridge has not been ejected, you can return to the CD

3 mode by pressing the CD 3 button.

F - To return to the CD 6 changer mode

If the CD 6 changer has been switched off, you can return to the CD changer mode by pressing the CD 6 button.

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1999 C70 pg. 178 CD 6 changer (dealer option)

CD 6 changer

The CD 6 changer, which is available separately, is loaded with a cartridge which can accommodate 6 discs. If no CD 6 changer is connected, pressing the CD 6 button will have no effect.

To operate:

Pull out the tray and place the disc on it, label up. Insert the tray into the cartridge.

Insert the cartridge in the CD changer in the direction indicated by the arrow on the top side of the cartridge, and close the cover.

Remove the discs from the cartridge by pulling out the trays.

A- CD 6 changer - on

Press the 'CD 6' button to activate the CD 6 mode. The CD 6 changer will start playing the last disc and track to be played. If the CD 6 changer cartridge is empty, 'No Disc' will appear in the display. If a selected disc does not exist, the disc number and 'CD X-00' (X is the disc number) will appear in the display, and the next disc will automatically be selected. If there is no cartridge in the CD 6 changer, 'No

Magazine' will appear in the display.

B - Disc number selector

Press one of the preselect buttons (1-6) to select the disc number required.

The selected disc number and track number will be displayed.

C - Music search

Press the 'FF' or 'REW' buttons to search within a track. While the button is pressed, the playing time for this track is displayed.

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A - Changing the selected track number

Press 'NXT' to move forward to the next track, 'RPT' to repeat the previous track or turn the manual tuning knob. The selected disc number and track number will be displayed.

B - Playing-time display

When the 'FF' or 'REW' buttons are pressed, the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.

pg. 180 CD 6 Changer (dealer option)

A - Random choice

Press 'RND' to activate the random function. Randomly selected tracks will play from randomly selected discs. 'RND' (random) appears in the display while the function is on.

B - Pause

If you press the CD 6 button, the sound is switched off and 'Pause' appears in the display. Press the CD 6 button again to restart the CD 6 changer.

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C - To return to the radio mode

Press the FM or the AM button.

D - To return to the tape mode

If a cassette is already inserted, you can return to tape mode by pressing the 'TAPE' button.

E - To return to the CD3 mode

If the CD 3 player has been switched off but the cartridge has not been ejected, you can return to the CD

3 mode by pressing the CD 3 button.

F - To return to the CD6 changer mode

If the CD 6 changer has been switched off, you can return to the CD 6 changer mode by pressing the CD

6 button.

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1999 C70 pg. 181 Dolby Pro Logic Surround Sound (certain models)

Dolby Pro Logic Surround Sound

Together with a center speaker mounted at the center of the dash, Dolby Pro Logic Surround Sound offers much clearer and more realistic sound.

Through a connection to a special decoder (optional on certain models), as well as a center speaker

(option), the normal left-right stereo channels are divided into left-center-right. In addition, "surround" sound can be created from the car's rear speakers.

Most modern discs are recorded so that vocals are heard in the center foreground, while the orchestra is heard across the entire left-right range, as well as from behind.

A- Engaging Surround Sound

Press the 'MODE' button to engage the center speaker and the surround unit. The mode selected will be displayed.

"3 CH" = center speaker also engaged.

"Dolby Pro Logic" = Dolby Pro Logic engaged with surround effect from rear speakers*.

B - Center speaker volume control

First press the button in slightly to pop it out, then pull the button out completely and turn it to adjust the volume of the center speaker.

* Will not function in Radio mode (FM or AM).

C - Surround effect volume control

First press the button in slightly to pop it out, then pull the button out completely and turn it to adjust the volume level from the rear speakers (Dolby Pro Logic only).

* SC-900 - will not function in AM or FM Radio mode.

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1999 C70 pg. 182 Other settings

A - Settings for individual markets

Settings for individual markets are usually adjusted in the factory or at the dealer. If you need to change this setting: switch off the radio; hold down preset button 5 (B); switch on the radio (A) and press preset button 5 again until the relevant market (US, AUS or EU) appears.

B - Setting the internal Equalizer

To select frequency correction:

● switch off the radio

Hold down preset button 2 (B).

Switch the radio on again.

Press button 2 again until the desired curve appears: S70 - V70 - S40 - V40 - Custom.

Setting the custom equalizer (Custom EQ) - SC-901 only

Select "Custom EQ" by switching off the radio, holding down preset button 2 and switching the radio again. Select "Custom" (see point B).

Press Scan.

Press preset button 1-5 within 5 seconds:

Preset button 1 = set bass (60 Hz).

Preset button 2 = set mid-range bass (200 Hz).

Preset button 3 = set lower mid-range (800 Hz). file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_52.htm (2 of 4)12/30/2006 3:33:56 PM

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Preset button 4 = set upper and mid-range (3 kHz).

Preset button 5 = set treble (12 kHz).

Adjust the stting by turning the Tune knob clokcwise (increase) or counterclockwise (decrease).

The change can bee seen in the display, as well as heard.

Use preset putton 6 to adjust the settings of the front or rear speakers.

F = Front

R = Rear

Please note that the equalizer curves can be adjusted separately for the front and rear speakers.

When you are satified with the adjustments you have made, press Scan again to store the settings.

Press Scan once again to exit the settings mode.

To select "Custom EQ", press the Volume knob. pg. 183 Technical specifications

SC-900/901

Output (center speaker): 1 x 25 W

Output (supplementary amplifier): 4 x 100 W. 10% dist

Frequency range: 30 - 20,000 Hz

S/N: min.74 dB ref. to 1 W

Output impedance: 4 Ohms

System voltage: 12 V, negative ground

Radio

Volvo's SC-900 stereo system contains a microprocessor-controlled radio receiver with PLL (Phase

Lock Loop), designed for RDS (Radio Data System). The SC-900 must be connected to a separate power amplifier.

Frequency range:

AM 530 - 1710 kHz

FM 87.9 - 107.9 MHz

Sensitivity:

AM 2.2 µV

FM 1.1 µV

Stereo separation: 35 dB

Cassette deck

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4-track, 2-channel stereo

Full logic electronic tape transport

Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec.

Channel separation: 40 dB

Frequency range: 30 - 15,000 Hz

S/N (120 µV): 50 dB

Wow and Flutter: < 0.07%

Pinch-off

Alert

'Alert!' will be displayed when emergency information is broadcast. This function is used to warn drivers in the event of a serious accident or disaster situation.

'Dolby' and the symbol are the trademarks of Dolby Laboratories

Licensing Corporation. The Dolby noise reduction system is manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.

Dolby Pro Logic is the trademark of Dolby Laboratories Licensing

Corporation. The Dolby Pro Logic Surround System is manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.

CAUTION: The supplementary amplifier may be mounted under the front passenger's seat. If the floor of the car has become soaked for any reason, do not turn on the radio. This would cause damage to the amplifier. Contact a Volvo retailer.

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1999 C70 pg. 184 Audio systems, general information

Cassettes

Store cassettes in their cases.

Do not touch the tape surface with your fingers.

Tapes should not be exposed to direct sunlight or extreme temperatures.

Keep tapes away from oil, grease and other contaminants.

For optimal tape deck performance Volvo does not recommend the use of C-120 tapes.

Take up slack using a pen or a pencil before inserting a cassette in the cassette slot.

Cassette cleaning

We recommend the use of the Volvo Cleaning Cassette available as a genuine Volvo accessory. Regular use improves sound quality, cleans vital parts and prevents tape tangle.

Compact disc care

Before using a new disc for the first time, remove any burrs in the center/outer edge by running the stem of a pen or similar object around the hole/edge of the disc.

Use high quality discs only.

Keep the discs clean. Wipe them with a soft, clean, lint-free cloth, working from the center outwards. If necessary, dampen the cloth with a neutral soap solution. Dry thoroughly before using.

Never use cleaning spray or antistatic liquid. Use only cleaners specifically made for CD's.

Use discs of the correct size only (3.5" discs should never be used).

Do not put tape or labels on the disc itself

Volvo does not recommend the use of plastic outer rings on the disc.

Condensation may occur on discs/optical components of the changer in cold winter weather. The disc can be dried with a clean, lint-free cloth. Optical components in the CD changer may, however, take up to one hour to dry off.

Never attempt to play a disc which is damaged in any way.

When not in use, the discs should be stored in their covers. Avoid storing discs in excessive heat, direct sunlight or dusty locations.

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Sending signals

The FM waves do not follow the earth's surface nor do they bounce off the atmosphere. For this reason their range is limited. The AM waves follow the earth's surface and reflect against the atmosphere, giving them a wide range.

Weak reception (fading)

Because of the limited range of the FM senders and the fact that these waves are very reflective, this problem usually occurs with FM reception. If the sender is blocked by buildings or mountains, static can result. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_53.htm (2 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:56 PM

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Static

The reason why FM but not AM is audible in covered parking areas, under bridges, etc. is that FM signals reflect against solid objects such as buildings. Because these waves are very reflective, static can result. This static is the result of the reflected signal and the direct signal reaching your antenna at slightly different times causing a cancellation of all signals. This problem occurs largely in built up areas. Your car is equipped with a dual antenna system which helps alleviate this problem.

pg. 186 Audio systems, general information

Cross modulation

If you listen to a weak station in the vicinity of a stronger one, both stations may be received simultaneously. If the car is moved a short distance, the weaker signal may be heard more clearly. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_53.htm (3 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:56 PM

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FM - reasons for distortion

FM is affected by the electrical systems of nearby vehicles, especially those without suppression. The distortion increases if the station is weak or poorly set. The FM reception is not as sensitive to electrical disturbance as AM.

AM - reasons for distortion

AM reception is sensitive to electrical disturbances such as power lines, lightning, etc. pg. 187 Audio systems. General information

FM stereo reception

Stereo reception places very high demands on the signal quality which means the type of distortions previously mentioned become even more obvious. The signal strength needs to be stronger for good stereo reception and this limits the effective range of the sender.

We hope that this information proves to be useful and provides you with a better understanding of the problems related to car radio reception. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_53.htm (4 of 5)12/30/2006 3:33:56 PM

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Reception conditions are not always optimum and this is, of course, beyond our control. However, we have endeavored to make the Volvo Audio System of a quality that will enable you to enjoy the best possible reception no matter what the reception conditions may be.

Radio antennas

NOTE: Always lower the antenna when using an automatic car wash or entering a garage.

The antenna should be cleaned at least every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) or more frequently if needed.

Use WD40 for cleaning. Spray the antenna with WD40 and wipe it clean and dry with a rag. Spray it again. Lower and raise the antenna. Wipe it clean and dry again. Lower and raise the antenna 4-6 times.

Make sure it is dry and free from dirt or lubricating oil.

Diversity antenna (dual antenna system)

Certain models are equipped with the optional Diversity dual antenna system. Two antennas are connected to the radio through two separate sockets, allowing for better reception and reducing the effects of static or multipath distortion of FM reception.

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1999 C70 pg. 188 Index

A

ABS........................................17

Adjusting headligh.........................86

Air conditioning...........................35

Air mix....................................33

Air vents..................................33

Airbag (SIPS)...............................8

Airbag (SRS)................................4

Alarm......................................44

Ambient temperature sensor.................25

Anti-lock Brake System (ABS).........17

,

19

,

70

Ashtrays...................................31

Audio systems

General information.....................184

SC-813..................................132

SC-816..................................145

SC-900/901..............................161

Auto-dim (rear-view mirror)................48

Automatic car washing.....................103

Automatic daytime running lights...........24

Automatic transmission........60

,

61 ,

62 ,

63 ,

127

Driving mode selector....................62

Automatic transmission fluid..........117

,

124

B

Battery................................72

,

128

Battery drain - avoiding...................54

Battery maintenance.......................122

Booster cushion............................11

Brake failure warning light.............17

,

18

Brake fluid...........................116

,

124

Brake fluid warning light..................18

Brake system............................70,71

Brake warning light........................17

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Break-in period............................56

Bulb failure warning....................17

,

19

Bulbs.....................................128

Bulbs - replacing..........................85

C

Capacities................................127

Catalytic converter........................69

Central locking button.....................36

Chains (snow)..............................77

Changing a wheel...........................82

Child booster cushion......................11

Child Restraint Anchorages..................9

Child safety...............................11

Clock......................................16

Clock - resetting..........................25

Clutch fluid..............................116

Coolant - checking/changing...............120

Coolant level sensor.......................19

Coolant level warning light................17

Cooling system.........................64

,

126

Courtesy lights - front....................49

Cruise control.............................29

D

Daytime running lights.....................24

Demister - rear window.....................23

Dimensions................................129

Distributor ignition system...............126

Distributor ignition system...............187

Doors and locks............................42

Drive belt................................118

Driving economy............................58

E

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EBD (Electroinc Brake-force Distribution)..71

ECC - Electronic Climate Control........34

,

35

Electrical system......................64

,

128

Electrically heated front seats............30

Electrically operated front seats.......46

,

47

Electrically operated sun roof.............41

Electrically-operated windows..............36

Electroinc Brake Distribution..............71

Electroinc Brake-force Distribution........71

Emergency towing...........................66

Emergency warning flashers.................23

Engine....................................125

Engine compartment........................121

Engine oil........................114

,

115 ,

124

Engine oil - checking/changing............114

Engine oil pressure........................17

Exterior courtesy lights...................20

F

Fog light - rear........................17

,

22

Fog lights - front.........................22

Front courtesy lights......................49

Front fog lights...........................22

Front seats................................46

Front seats - heated.......................30

Front seats - memory function..............46

Front suspension..........................126

Fuel gauge.................................16

Fuel level.................................17

Fuel requirements..........................56

Fuel system...............................126

Fuel tank cover - opening...............37

,

57

opening manually.........................97

Fuses................................91

,

92

,

93

Fuses - replacing..........................91

G

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1999 C70

Gas tank cover - opening................37

,

57

opening manually.........................97

Generator..............................17

,

128

Generator warning light....................18

H

Hand brake.................................30

Handling...................................65

Hazard warning flashers....................23

Headlight adjustment.......................86

Headlight wiper blades - replacing.........96

Headlights.................................20

Heated front seats.........................30

Heated side-view mirrors...................23

Heating....................................35

Heating and air conditioning...............33

High beams.................................17

Hoisting the car..........................110

Hood.......................................51

I

Ignition switch............................21

Immobilizer(start inhibitor)...............42

Instrument illumination....................22

Instruments.............................14

,

15

J

Jack.................................53

,

82

,

83

Jump starting..............................68

K

Keyless entry system.......................43

Keylock....................................59

Keys.......................................42

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1999 C70

Kick-down..................................61

L

Label information.........................106

Lifting the car...........................110

Locks......................................42

Long distance trips........................74

Long load storage..........................50

Lubrication...............................113

M

Maintenance schedule......................108

Maintenance service.......................107

Malfunction indicator lamp..............17

,

18

Manual transmission....................60

,

127

Manual transmission fluid.................124

Memory function - front seats..............46

Mirrors - rear/side view...................48

O

Occupant safety............................12

Octane rating..............................57

Odometer...................................16

Oil (engine)......................114

,

115 ,

124

Oil pressure warning light.................18

On-call...................................130

P

Paint touch-up............................100

Parking brake...........................17

,

30

Parking brake reminder light...............18

Parking lights.............................20

Polishing.................................103

Power seats.............................46

,

47

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1999 C70

Power steering fluid..................116

,

124

R

Radio

General information.....................184

SC-813..................................132

SC-816..................................145

SC-900/901..............................161

Radio Data System - RDS...................166

Reading lights.............................49

Rear (side) windows - opening..............37

Rear fog light..........................17

,

22

Rear suspension...........................126

Rear window demister.......................23

Rear/side-view mirrors....................48

Refueling..................................57

Remote control (central locking system)....43

Remote keyless entry system................43

Replacing bulbs.............85

,

86 ,

87 ,

88

,

89

,

90

Replacing fuses............................91

Reporting Safety Defects...................12

Roadholding................................65

Roof rails/racks...........................65

S

Safety defects (reporting).................12

Seat belt maintenance......................12

Seat belts.............................2

,

3

,

10

Automatic Locking Retractor..............10

Emergency Locking Retractor..............10

Seat belts - cleaning.....................104

Seats......................................46

Seats - heated.............................30

Securing cargo.............................54

Service reminder indicator..............17

,

19

Servicing.........................110

,

111 ,

112

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1999 C70

Shift lock..............................59

,

61

Shiftlock release (override)...............97

Side Impact Protection System (SIPS)........8

Side-view mirrors - heated.................23

SIPS........................................8

Snow chains................................77

Snow tires.................................77

Spare tire.................................84

Spare tire (sedan).........................53

Spark plugs...............................126

Spark plugs - replacing...................110

Specifications............................123

SRS.....................................5

,

6 ,

7

SRS diagnostic system......................19

SRS warning light.....................5

,

17

,

19

Stability and Tranction Control(STC).19

,

23

,

71

Start Inhibitor (Immobilizer)..............42

Starting the engine........................59

Steering wheel adjustment..................32

Steering wheel lock........................21

Storage compartments.......................40

Studded tires..............................77

Sun roof................................23

,

41

T

Tachometer.................................16

Temperature gauge..........................16

Temporary spare tire.......................84

Three-way catalytic converter..............69

Tire pressure..............................78

Tires - changing...........................82

Towing..................................66

,

67

Towing a trailer...........................72

Trailer towing.............................72

Trip computer.....................23

,

26

,

27

,

28

Trip odometer..............................16

Trunk - opening/locking....................52

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1999 C70

Trunk light................................53

Turn signals............................17

,

20

U

Uniform tire quality grading...............79

Upholstery - cleaning.....................104

V

Vanity mirrors.............................49

Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).......106

Vehicle loading...........................127

Volvo On Call.............................130

W

Warning flashers...........................23

Warning lights..........................18

,

19

Warranty..................................107

Washer fluid level.........................17

Washer fluid reservoir....................119

Washing...................................102

Waxing....................................103

Weights...................................129

Wheel changing..........................82

,

83

Wheels and tires...........................76

Windows - electrically-operated............36

Windshield washer nozzles.................119

Windshield washers/wipers..................21

Windshield wiper blades - replacing........95

Winter driving.............................73

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1999 C70

Contents

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1999 C70

Inside back cover

WARNING!

Detergents and solvents

Do not use gasoline containing lead or benzene as a detergent or solvent. Both lead and benzene are toxic and may be hazardous to your health.

Installation of optional equipment/use of mobile telephones

Incorrectly installed optional equipment, alarm systems or the use of mobile telephones which are not connected to a suitable antenna can cause faults in the car's electronic control systems. Your car is equipped with an accessory connector located under the dashboard on the driver's side. Please consult your Volvo retailer before connecting accessory or optional equipment to the vehicle's electrical system.

Carbon monoxide

Carbon monoxide is an poisonous, colorless, and odorless gas which is present in all exhaust gases. If you ever smell exhaust fumes inside the vehicle, make sure the passenger compartment is ventilated and immediately return the vehicle to your retailer for correction.

Never sit in a parked or stopped car for any extended amount of time, nor have it unattended while the engine is running.

Never operate the engine in confined, unventilated areas.

Back cover

The following should be checked regularly: *

1 Washer fluid reservoir should be filled with water and solvent

(wintertime: wind-shield washer anti-freeze).

See page 119.

2 Coolant level should be between the expansion tank marks.

Mixture: 50% anti-freeze and 50% water. See page 120.

3 Power steering - When cold, the level must not be above the

COLD mark and when hot it must not be above the HOT mark. file:///K|/ownersdocs/1999/1999_C70/99c70_55.htm (1 of 3)12/30/2006 3:33:58 PM

1999 C70

Top up if the level drops to the ADD mark with ATF fluid. See page 116.

4 Engine oil level should be between the dipstick marks. The distance between the marks represents approx. 1.6 US qts (1.5 liters) or 1 US qt. (1 liter) on certain models.

See page 114.

5 Brake fluid - check, without removing the cap, that the level is above the MIN mark. Use brake fluid DOT 4+.

See page 116.

* Engine oil should be checked each time the car is refuelled.

Octane rating, see page 57.

Tire pressure, see label located on the rear edge of the right front door.

2

3

Bulbs Power Socket US No.

1 55 W H7

30/7 W BA 15s

55 W PK 22s

3357NA

H3

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1999 C70

5 21 W BAU 15 -

6 21 W BA 15s 1156

See pages 85-87 for more detailed information.

Volvo Car Corporation

Göteborg, Sweden

TP 4062/1 (Canada & USA) 8000.02.97 Printed in Sweden, Graphic Systems AB, Göteborg 1997

Contents

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