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bb c FormCalc User Reference Adobe
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FormCalc User Reference
Adobe® LiveCycle® Designer ES
July 2008
Version 8.2
© 2008 Adobe Systems Incorporated. All rights reserved.
Adobe® LiveCycle® Designer ES 8.2 FormCalc User Reference for Microsoft® Windows®
Edition 3.0, July 2008
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Contents
Preface .......................................................................................................................................... 7
What’s in this guide? ..................................................................................................................................................................... 7
Who should read this guide? ..................................................................................................................................................... 7
Related documentation ............................................................................................................................................................... 7
1
Introducing FormCalc.................................................................................................................. 8
About scripting in LiveCycle Designer ES.............................................................................................................................. 8
2
Language Reference.................................................................................................................... 9
Building blocks................................................................................................................................................................................ 9
Literals.......................................................................................................................................................................................... 9
Operators ..................................................................................................................................................................................11
Comments ................................................................................................................................................................................11
Keywords...................................................................................................................................................................................12
Identifiers ..................................................................................................................................................................................13
Line terminators .....................................................................................................................................................................13
White space..............................................................................................................................................................................14
Expressions .....................................................................................................................................................................................14
Simple ........................................................................................................................................................................................15
Assignment ..............................................................................................................................................................................16
Logical OR .................................................................................................................................................................................17
Logical AND..............................................................................................................................................................................17
Unary ..........................................................................................................................................................................................17
Equality and inequality ........................................................................................................................................................18
Relational ..................................................................................................................................................................................19
If expressions ...........................................................................................................................................................................19
While expressions ..................................................................................................................................................................20
For expressions .......................................................................................................................................................................21
Foreach expressions..............................................................................................................................................................22
Break expressions ..................................................................................................................................................................22
Continue expressions ...........................................................................................................................................................23
Variables ..........................................................................................................................................................................................23
Reference Syntax ..........................................................................................................................................................................24
Property and method calls........................................................................................................................................................28
Built-in function calls...................................................................................................................................................................29
3
Alphabetical Functions List ...................................................................................................... 30
4
Arithmetic Functions................................................................................................................. 34
Abs .....................................................................................................................................................................................................34
Avg.....................................................................................................................................................................................................35
Ceil .....................................................................................................................................................................................................35
Count ................................................................................................................................................................................................36
Floor ..................................................................................................................................................................................................36
Max ....................................................................................................................................................................................................37
Min .....................................................................................................................................................................................................38
Mod ...................................................................................................................................................................................................39
4
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FormCalc User Reference
Contents
5
Round ...............................................................................................................................................................................................40
Sum....................................................................................................................................................................................................41
5
Date and Time Functions .......................................................................................................... 42
Structuring dates and times .....................................................................................................................................................42
Locales .......................................................................................................................................................................................42
Epoch..........................................................................................................................................................................................46
Date formats ............................................................................................................................................................................46
Time formats............................................................................................................................................................................47
Date and time picture formats..........................................................................................................................................47
Date ...................................................................................................................................................................................................51
Date2Num.......................................................................................................................................................................................51
DateFmt ...........................................................................................................................................................................................52
IsoDate2Num .................................................................................................................................................................................53
IsoTime2Num.................................................................................................................................................................................53
LocalDateFmt.................................................................................................................................................................................54
LocalTimeFmt ................................................................................................................................................................................54
Num2Date.......................................................................................................................................................................................55
Num2GMTime ...............................................................................................................................................................................56
Num2Time ......................................................................................................................................................................................57
Time...................................................................................................................................................................................................57
Time2Num ......................................................................................................................................................................................58
TimeFmt...........................................................................................................................................................................................59
6
Financial Functions.................................................................................................................... 60
Apr .....................................................................................................................................................................................................60
CTerm ...............................................................................................................................................................................................61
FV........................................................................................................................................................................................................62
IPmt ...................................................................................................................................................................................................63
NPV ....................................................................................................................................................................................................64
Pmt ....................................................................................................................................................................................................64
PPmt..................................................................................................................................................................................................65
PV .......................................................................................................................................................................................................66
Rate....................................................................................................................................................................................................67
Term ..................................................................................................................................................................................................68
7
Logical Functions....................................................................................................................... 70
Choose..............................................................................................................................................................................................70
Exists..................................................................................................................................................................................................71
HasValue ..........................................................................................................................................................................................71
Oneof ................................................................................................................................................................................................72
Within ...............................................................................................................................................................................................73
8
Miscellaneous Functions........................................................................................................... 74
Eval.....................................................................................................................................................................................................74
Null.....................................................................................................................................................................................................75
Ref ......................................................................................................................................................................................................75
UnitType ..........................................................................................................................................................................................76
UnitValue.........................................................................................................................................................................................77
9
String Functions......................................................................................................................... 78
At ........................................................................................................................................................................................................78
Concat ..............................................................................................................................................................................................79
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FormCalc User Reference
Contents
6
Decode .............................................................................................................................................................................................80
Encode..............................................................................................................................................................................................80
Format ..............................................................................................................................................................................................81
Left .....................................................................................................................................................................................................82
Len .....................................................................................................................................................................................................83
Lower ................................................................................................................................................................................................84
Ltrim ..................................................................................................................................................................................................84
Parse..................................................................................................................................................................................................85
Replace.............................................................................................................................................................................................85
Right..................................................................................................................................................................................................86
Rtrim..................................................................................................................................................................................................87
Space.................................................................................................................................................................................................87
Str .......................................................................................................................................................................................................88
Stuff ...................................................................................................................................................................................................89
Substr................................................................................................................................................................................................89
Uuid ...................................................................................................................................................................................................90
Upper ................................................................................................................................................................................................91
WordNum........................................................................................................................................................................................92
10 URL Functions ............................................................................................................................ 93
Get......................................................................................................................................................................................................93
Post....................................................................................................................................................................................................93
Put......................................................................................................................................................................................................95
Index ........................................................................................................................................... 97
Preface
Adobe® LiveCycle® Designer ES provides a set of tools that enables a form developer to build intelligent
business documents. The form developer can incorporate calculations and scripting to create a richer
experience for the recipient of the form. For example, you might use simple calculations to automatically
update costs on a purchase order, or you might use more advanced scripting to modify the appearance of
your form in response to the locale of the user.
To facilitate the creation of calculations, LiveCycle Designer ES provides users with FormCalc. FormCalc is a
simple calculation language created by Adobe, and is modeled on common spreadsheet applications.
FormCalc is simple and accessible for those with little or no scripting experience. It also follows many rules
and conventions common to other scripting languages, so experienced form developers will find their
skills relevant to using FormCalc.
What’s in this guide?
This guide is intended for form developers using LiveCycle Designer ES who want to incorporate FormCalc
calculations in their forms. The guide provides a reference to the FormCalc functions, which are organized
into chapters according to function category. The guide also provides an introduction to the FormCalc
language and the building blocks that make up FormCalc expressions.
Who should read this guide?
This guide provides information to assist form developers interested in using the FormCalc language to
create calculations that enhance form designs created in LiveCycle Designer ES.
Related documentation
For additional information on using FormCalc calculations in your forms, see Creating Calculations and
Scripts in LiveCycle Designer ES Help.
If you require more technical information about FormCalc, refer to the Adobe XML Forms Architecture (XFA)
Specification, version 2.4, available from
http://partners.adobe.com/public/developer/xml/index_arch.html.
7
1
Introducing FormCalc
FormCalc is a simple yet powerful calculation language modeled on common spreadsheet software. Its
purpose is to facilitate fast and efficient form design without requiring a knowledge of traditional scripting
techniques or languages. Users new to FormCalc can expect, with the use of a few built-in functions, to
create forms quickly that save end users from performing time-consuming calculations, validations, and
other verifications. In this way, a form developer is able to create a basic intelligence around a form at
design time that allows the resulting interactive form to react according to the data it encounters.
The built-in functions that make up FormCalc cover a wide range of areas including mathematics, dates
and times, strings, finance, logic, and the web. These areas represent the types of data that typically occur
in forms, and the functions provide quick and easy manipulation of the data in a useful way.
About scripting in LiveCycle Designer ES
Within LiveCycle Designer ES, FormCalc is the default scripting language in all scripting locations, with
JavaScript™ as the alternative. Scripting takes place on the various events that accompany each form
object, and you can use a mixture of FormCalc and JavaScript on interactive forms. However, if you are
using a server-based process, such as LiveCycle Forms ES, to create forms for viewing in an internet
browser, FormCalc scripts on certain form object events do not render onto the HTML form. This
functionality is to prevent Internet browser errors from occurring when users work with the completed
form.
8
2
Language Reference
Building blocks
The FormCalc language consists of a number of building blocks that make up FormCalc expressions. Each
FormCalc expression is a sequence of some combination of these building blocks.
●
“Literals” on page 9
●
“Operators” on page 11
●
“Comments” on page 11
●
“Keywords” on page 12
●
“Identifiers” on page 13
●
“Line terminators” on page 13
●
“White space” on page 14
Literals
Literals are constant values that form the basis of all values that pass to FormCalc for processing. The two
general types of literals are numbers and strings.
Number literals
A number literal is a sequence of mostly digits consisting of one or more of the following characters: an
integer, a decimal point, a fractional segment, an exponent indicator (“e” or “E”), and an optionally signed
exponent value. These are all examples of literal numbers:
●
-12
●
1.5362
●
0.875
●
5.56e-2
●
1.234E10
It is possible to omit either the integer or fractional segment of a literal number, but not both. In addition,
within the fractional segment, you can omit either the decimal point or the exponent value, but not both.
All number literals are internally converted to Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 64-bit
binary values. However, IEEE values can only represent a finite quantity of numbers, so certain values do
not have a representation as a binary fraction. This is similar to the fact that certain values, such as 1/3, do
not have a precise representation as a decimal fraction (the decimal value would need an infinite number
of decimal places to be entirely accurate).
The values that do not have a binary fraction equivalent are generally number literals with more than 16
significant digits prior to their exponent. FormCalc rounds these values to the nearest representable IEEE
64-bit value in accordance with the IEEE standard. For example, the value:
123456789.012345678
rounds to the (nearest) value:
9
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Language Reference
FormCalc User Reference
Literals
10
123456789.01234567
However, in a second example, the number literal:
99999999999999999
rounds to the (nearest) value:
100000000000000000
This behavior can sometimes lead to surprising results. FormCalc provides a function, Round, which
returns a given number rounded to a given number of decimal places. When the given number is exactly
halfway between two representable numbers, it is rounded away from zero. That is, the number is rounded
up if positive and down if negative. In the following example:
Round(0.124, 2)
returns 0.12,
and
Round(.125, 2)
returns 0.13.
Given this convention, one might expect that:
Round(0.045, 2)
returns 0.05.
However, the IEEE 754 standard dictates that the number literal 0.045 be approximated to
0.0449999999999999. This approximation is closer to 0.04 than to 0.05. Therefore,
Round(0.045, 2)
returns 0.04.
This also conforms to the IEEE 754 standard.
IEEE 64-bit values support representations like NaN (not a number), +Inf (positive infinity), and -Inf
(negative infinity). FormCalc does not support these, and expressions that evaluate to NaN, +Inf, or -Inf
result in an error exception, which passes to the remainder of the expression.
String literals
A string literal is a sequence of any Unicode characters within a set of quotation marks. For example:
"The cat jumped over the fence."
"Number 15, Main street, California, U.S.A"
The string literal "" defines an empty sequence of text characters called the empty string.
To embed a quotation mark (") character within a literal string, you must insert two quotation marks. For
example:
"The message reads: ""Warning: Insufficient Memory"""
All Unicode characters have an equivalent 6 character escape sequence consisting of \u followed by four
hexadecimal digits. Within any literal string, it is possible to express any character, including control
characters, using their equivalent Unicode escape sequence. For example:
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Language Reference
FormCalc User Reference
Operators
11
"\u0047\u006f\u0066\u0069\u0073\u0068\u0021"
"\u000d" (carriage return)
"\u000a" (newline character)
Operators
FormCalc includes a number of operators: unary, multiplicative, additive, relational, equality, logical, and
the assignment operator.
Several of the FormCalc operators have an equivalent mnemonic operator keyword. These keyword
operators are useful whenever FormCalc expressions are embedded in HTML and XML source text, where
the symbols less than (<), greater than (>), and ampersand (&) have predefined meanings and must be
escaped. The following table lists all FormCalc operators, illustrating both the symbolic and mnemonic
forms where appropriate.
Operator type
Representations
Addition
+
Division
/
Equality
== eq
<> ne
Logical AND
& and
Logical OR
| or
Multiplication
*
Relational
<
>
<=
>=
Subtraction
-
Unary
+
not
lt (less than)
gt (greater than)
le (less than or equal to)
ge (greater than or equal to)
Comments
Comments are sections of code that FormCalc does not execute. Typically comments contain information
or instructions that explain the use of a particular fragment of code. FormCalc ignores all information
stored in comments at run time.
You can specify a comment by using either a semi-colon (;) or a pair of slashes (//). In FormCalc, a comment
extends from its beginning to the next line terminator.
Character name
Representations
Comment
;
//
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FormCalc User Reference
Keywords
12
For example:
// This is a type of comment
First_Name="Tony"
Initial="C" ;This is another type of comment
Last_Name="Blue"
Commenting all FormCalc calculations on an event
Commenting all of the FormCalc calculations for a particular event generates an error when you preview
your form in the Preview PDF tab or when you view the final PDF. Each FormCalc calculation is required to
return a value, and FormCalc does not consider comments to be values.
To prevent the commented FormCalc code from returning an error, you must do one of the following
actions:
●
Remove the commented code from the event
●
Add an expression that returns a value to the FormCalc code on the event
To prevent the value of the expression from producing unwanted results on your form, use one of the
following types of expressions:
●
A simple expression consisting of a single character, as shown in the following example:
//
//
//
//
//
0
●
First_Name="Tony"
Initial="C"
Last_Name="Blue"
The simple expression below sets the value of the event to zero.
An assignment expression that retains the value of the object. Use this type of expression if your
commented FormCalc code is located on the calculate event to prevent the actual value of the object
from being altered, as shown in the following example:
// First_Name="Tony"
// Initial="C"
// Last_Name="Blue"
//
// The assignment expression below sets the value of the current
// field equal to itself.
$.rawValue = $.rawValue
Keywords
Keywords in FormCalc are reserved words and are case-insensitive. Keywords are used as parts of
expressions, special number literals, and operators.
The following table lists the FormCalc keywords. Do not use any of these words when naming objects on
your form design.
and
endif
in
step
break
endwhile
infinity
then
continue
eq
le
this
do
exit
lt
throw
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FormCalc User Reference
Identifiers
downto
for
nan
upto
else
foreach
ne
var
elseif
func
not
while
end
ge
null
endfor
gt
or
endfunc
if
return
Identifiers
An identifier is a sequence of characters of unlimited length that denotes either a function or a method
name. An identifier always begins with one of the following characters:
●
Any alphabetic character (based on the Unicode letter classifications)
●
Underscore (_)
●
Dollar sign ($)
●
Exclamation mark (!)
FormCalc identifiers are case-sensitive. That is, identifiers whose characters only differ in case are
considered distinct.
Character name
Representations
Identifier
A..Z,a..z
$
!
_
These are examples of valid identifiers:
GetAddr
$primary
_item
!dbresult
Line terminators
Line terminators are used for separating lines and improving readability.
The following table lists the valid FormCalc line terminators:
Character name
Unicode characters
Carriage Return
#xD
U+000D
Line Feed
#xA
&#x000D;
&#D;
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FormCalc User Reference
White space
14
White space
White space characters separate various objects and mathematical operations from each other. These
characters are strictly for improving readability and are irrelevant during FormCalc processing.
Character name
Unicode character
Form Feed
#xC
Horizontal Tab
#x9
Space
#x20
Vertical Tab
#xB
Expressions
Literals, operators, comments, keywords, identifiers, line terminators, and white space come together to
form a list of expressions, even if the list only contains a single expression. In general, each expression in
the list resolves to a value, and the value of the list as a whole is the value of the last expression in the list.
For example, consider the following scenario of two fields on a form design:
Field name
Calculations
Returns
Field1
5 + Abs(Price)
"Hello World"
10 * 3 + 5 * 4
50
Field2
10 * 3 + 5 * 4
50
The value of both Field1 and Field2 after the evaluation of each field’s expression list is 50.
FormCalc divides the various types of expressions that make up an expression list into the following
categories:
●
“Simple” on page 15
●
“Assignment” on page 16
●
“Logical OR” on page 17
●
“Logical AND” on page 17
●
“Unary” on page 17
●
“Equality and inequality” on page 18
●
“Relational” on page 19
●
“If expressions” on page 19
●
“While expressions” on page 20
●
“For expressions” on page 21
●
“Foreach expressions” on page 22
●
“Break expressions” on page 22
●
“Continue expressions” on page 23
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FormCalc User Reference
Simple
15
Simple
In their most basic form, FormCalc expressions are groups of operators, keywords, and literals strung
together in logical ways. For example, these are all simple expressions:
2
"abc"
2 - 3 * 10 / 2 + 7
Each FormCalc expression resolves to a single value by following a traditional order of operations, even if
that order is not always obvious from the expression syntax. For example, the following sets of expressions,
when applied to objects on a form design, produce equivalent results:
Expression
Equivalent to
Returns
"abc"
"abc"
abc
2 - 3 * 10 / 2 + 7
2 - (3 * (10 / 2)) + 7
-6
10 * 3 + 5 * 4
(10 * 3) + (5 * 4)
50
0 and 1 or 2 > 1
(0 and 1) or (2 >1)
1 (true)
2 < 3 not 1 == 1
(2 < 3) not (1 == 1)
0 (false)
As the previous table suggests, all FormCalc operators carry a certain precedence when they appear within
expressions. The following table illustrates this operator hierarchy:
Precedence
Operator
Highest
=
(Unary) - , + , not
*,/
+,< , <= , > , >= , lt , le , gt , ge
== , <> , eq , ne
& , and
Lowest
| , or
Promoting operands
In cases where one or more of the operands within a given operation do not match the expected type for
that operation, FormCalc promotes the operands to match the required type. How this promotion occurs
depends on the type of operand required by the operation.
Numeric operations
When performing numeric operations involving non-numeric operands, the non-numeric operands are
first promoted to their numeric equivalent. If the non-numeric operand does not successfully convert to a
numeric value, its value is 0. When promoting null-valued operands to numbers, their value is always zero.
The following table provides some examples of promoting non-numeric operands:
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FormCalc User Reference
Assignment
Expression
Equivalent to
Returns
(5 - "abc") * 3
(5 - 0) * 3
15
"100" / 10e1
100 / 10e1
1
5 + null + 3
5 + 0 + 3
8
16
Boolean operations
When performing Boolean operations on non-Boolean operands, the non-Boolean operands are first
promoted to their Boolean equivalent. If the non-Boolean operand does not successfully convert to a
nonzero value, its value is true (1); otherwise its value is false (0). When promoting null-valued operands to
a Boolean value, that value is always false (0). For example, the expression:
"abc" | 2
evaluates to 1. That is, false | true = true, whereas
if ("abc") then
10
else
20
endif
evaluates to 20.
String operations
When performing string operations on nonstring operands, the nonstring operands are first promoted to
strings by using their value as a string. When promoting null-valued operands to strings, their value is
always the empty string. For example, the expression:
concat("The total is ", 2, " dollars and ", 57, " cents.")
evaluates to "The total is 2 dollars and 57 cents."
Note: If during the evaluation of an expression an intermediate step yields NaN, +Inf, or -Inf, FormCalc
generates an error exception and propagates that error for the remainder of the expression. As
such, the expression's value will always be 0. For example:
3 / 0 + 1
evaluates to 0.
Assignment
An assignment expression sets the property identified by a given reference syntax to be the value of a
simple expression. For example:
$template.purchase_order.name.first = "Tony"
This sets the value of the form design object “first” to Tony.
For more information on using reference syntax, see “Reference Syntax” on page 24.
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FormCalc User Reference
Logical OR
Logical OR
A logical OR expression returns either true (1) if at least one of its operands is true (1), or false (0) if both
operands are false (0). If both operands are null, the expression returns null.
Expression
Character representation
Logical OR
|
or
These are examples of using the logical OR expression:
Expression
Returns
1 or 0
1 (true)
0 | 0
0 (false)
0 or 1 | 0 or 0
1 (true)
Logical AND
A logical AND expression returns either true (1) if both operands are true (1), or false if at least one of its
operands is false (0). If both operands are null, the expression returns null.
Expression
Character representation
Logical AND
&
and
These are examples of using the logical AND expression:
Expression
Returns
1 and 0
0 (false)
0 & 0
1 (true)
0 and 1 & 0 and 0
0 (false)
Unary
A unary expression returns different results depending on which of the unary operators is used.
Expression
Character representation
Returns
Unary
-
The arithmetic negation of the operand, or null if
the operand is null.
+
The arithmetic value of the operand (unchanged),
or null if its operand is null.
not
The logical negation of the operand.
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Equality and inequality
18
Note: The arithmetic negation of a null operand yields the result null, whereas the logical negation of a
null operand yields the Boolean result true. This is justified by the common sense statement: If null
means nothing, then “not nothing” should be something.
These are examples of using the unary expression:
Expression
Returns
-(17)
-17
-(-17)
17
+(17)
17
+(-17)
-17
not("true")
1 (true)
not(1)
0 (false)
Equality and inequality
Equality and inequality expressions return the result of an equality comparison of its operands.
Expression
Character representation
Returns
Equality
==
eq
True (1) when both operands compare identically,
and false (0) if they do not compare identically.
Inequality
<>
ne
True (1) when both operands do not compare
identically, and false (0) if they compare identically.
The following special cases also apply when using equality operators:
●
If either operand is null, a null comparison is performed. Null-valued operands compare identically
whenever both operands are null, and compare differently whenever one operand is not null.
●
If both operands are references, both operands compare identically when they both refer to the same
object, and compare differently when they do not refer to the same object.
●
If both operands are string valued, a locale-sensitive lexicographic string comparison is performed on
the operands. Otherwise, if they are not both null, the operands are promoted to numeric values, and a
numeric comparison is performed.
These are examples of using the equality and inequality expressions:
Expression
Returns
3 == 3
1 (true)
3 <> 4
1 (true)
"abc" eq "def"
0 (false)
"def" ne "abc"
1 (true)
5 + 5 == 10
1 (true)
5 + 5 <> "10"
0 (false)
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Relational
19
Relational
A relational expression returns the Boolean result of a relational comparison of its operands.
Expression
Character representation
Returns
Relational
< lt
True (1) when the first operand is less than the
second operand, and false (0) when the first
operand is larger than the second operand.
> gt
True (1) when the first operand is greater than the
second operand, and false (0) when the first
operand is less than the second operand.
<=
le
True (1) when the first operand is less than or equal
to the second operand, and false (0) when the first
operand is greater than the second operand.
>=
ge
True (1) when the first operand is greater than or
equal to the second operand, and false (0) when
the first operand is less than the second operand.
The following special cases also apply when using relational operators:
●
If either operand is null valued, a null comparison is performed. Null-valued operands compare
identically whenever both operands are null and the relational operator is less-than-or-equal or greater
than or equal, and compare differently otherwise.
●
If both operands are string valued, a locale-sensitive lexicographic string comparison is performed on
the operands. Otherwise, if they are not both null, the operands are promoted to numeric values, and a
numeric comparison is performed.
These are examples of using the relational expression:
Expression
Returns
3 < 3
0 (false)
3 > 4
0 (false)
"abc" <= "def"
1 (true)
"def" > "abc"
1 (true)
12 >= 12
1 (true)
"true" < "false"
0 (false)
If expressions
An if expression is a conditional statement that evaluates a given simple expression for truth, and then
returns the result of a list of expressions that correspond to the truth value. If the initial simple expression
evaluates to false (0), FormCalc examines any elseif and else conditions for truth and returns the results of
their expression lists if appropriate.
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While expressions
Expression Syntax
Returns
If
The result of the list of expressions
associated with any valid conditions
stated in the if expression.
if ( simple expression ) then
list of expressions
elseif ( simple expression ) then
list of expressions
else
list of expressions
endif
20
Note: You are not required to have any
elseif(...) or else statements as part
of your if expression, but you must
state the end of the expression
with endif.
These are examples of using the if expression:
Expression
Returns
if ( 1 < 2 ) then
1
endif
1
if ( "abc" > "def") then
1 and 0
else
0
endif
0
if ( Field1 < Field2 ) then
Field3 = 0
elseif ( Field1 > Field2 ) then
Field3 = 40
elseif ( Field1 = Field2 ) then
Field3 = 10
endif
Varies with the values of Field1 and Field2. For
example, if Field1 is 20 and Field2 is 10, then this
expression sets Field3 to 40.
While expressions
A while expression is an iterative statement or loop that evaluates a given simple expression. If the result of
the evaluation is true (1), FormCalc repeatedly examines the do condition and returns the results of the
expression lists. If the result is false (0), then control passes to the next statement.
A while expression is particularly well-suited to situations in which conditional repetition is needed.
Conversely, situations in which unconditional repetition is needed are often best dealt with using a for
expression.
Expression Syntax
Returns
While
The result of the list of expressions
associated with the do condition.
while ( simple expression ) do
expression list
endwhile
In the following example, the values of the elements are added to a drop-down list from an XML file using
the addItem method for all of the XML elements listed under list1 that are not equal to 3:
var List = ref(xfa.record.lists.list1)
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For expressions
21
var i = 0
while ( List.nodes.item(i+1).value ne "3")do
$.addItem (List.nodes.item(i).value,List.nodes.item(i+1).value)
i = i + 2
endwhile
For expressions
A for expression is a conditionally iterative statement or loop.
A for expression is particularly well-suited to looping situations in which unconditional repetition is
needed. Conversely, situations in which conditional repetition is needed are often best dealt with using a
while expression.
The value of the for expression is the value of the last evaluation list that was evaluated, or false (0).
The for condition initializes a FormCalc variable, which controls the looping action.
In the upto variant, the value of the loop variable will iterate from the start expression to the end
expression in step expression increments. If you omit the step expression, the step increment defaults to 1.
In the downto variant, the value of the loop variable iterates from the start expression to the end
expression in step expression decrements. If the step expression is omitted, the step decrements defaults
to -1.
Iterations of the loop are controlled by the end expression value. Before each iteration, the end expression
is evaluated and compared to the loop variable. If the result is true (1), the expression list is evaluated. After
each evaluation, the step expression is evaluated and added to the loop variable.
Before each iteration, the end expression is evaluated and compared to the loop variable. In addition, after
each evaluation of the do condition, the step expression is evaluated and added to the loop variable.
A for loop terminates when the start expression has surpassed the end expression. The start expression
can surpass the end expression in either an upwards direction, if you use upto, or in a downward direction,
if you use downto.
Expression Syntax
Returns
For
The result of the list of
expressions associated with the
do condition.
for variable = start expression
(upto | downto ) end expression
(step step expression ) do
expression list
endfor
Note: The start, end, and step expressions must all
be simple expressions.
In the following example, the values of the elements are added to a drop-down list from an XML file using
the addItem method for all of the XML elements listed under list1:
var List = ref(xfa.record.lists.list1)
for i=0 upto List.nodes.length - 1 step 2 do
$.addItem (List.nodes.item(i).value,"")
endfor
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Foreach expressions
22
Foreach expressions
A foreach expression iterates over the expression list for each value in its argument list.
The value of the foreach expression is the value of the last expression list that was evaluated, or zero (0), if
the loop was never entered.
The in condition, which is executed only once (after the loop variable has been declared) controls the
iteration of the loop. Before each iteration, the loop variable is assigned successive values from the
argument list. The argument list cannot be empty.
Expression Syntax
Returns
Foreach
The value of the last expression
list that was evaluated, or zero(0),
if the loop was never entered.
foreach variable in( argument list )do
expression list
endfor
Note: Use a comma (,) to separate more than one
simple expression in the argument list.
In the following example, only the values of the “display” XML elements are added to the foreach
drop-down list.
foreach Item in (xfa.record.lists.list1.display[*]) do
$.addItem(Item,"")
endfor
Break expressions
A break expression causes an immediate exit from the innermost enclosing while, for, or foreach
expression loop. Control passes to the expression following the terminated loop.
The value of the break expression is always the value zero (0).
Expression
Syntax
Returns
Break
break
Passes control to the expression following the terminated loop.
In the following example, an if condition is placed in the while loop to check whether the current value is
equal to “Display data for 2”. If true, the break executes and stops the loop from continuing.
var List = ref(xfa.record.lists.list1)
var i=0
while (List.nodes.item(i+1).value ne "3") do
$.addItem(List.nodes.item(i).value,List.nodes.item(i+1).value)
i = i + 2
if (List.nodes.item(i) eq "Display data for 2" then
break
endif
endwhile
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Continue expressions
23
Continue expressions
A continue expression causes the next iteration of the innermost enclosing while, for, or foreach loop.
The value of the continue expression is always the value zero (0).
Expression
Syntax
Returns
Continue
continue
When used in a while expression, control is passed to the while
condition. When used in a for expression, control is passed to the step
expression.
The object of the following example is to populate the drop-down list with values from the XML file. If the
value of the current XML element is “Display data for 3,” then the while loop exits via the break expression.
If the value of the current XML element is “Display data for 2”, then the script adds 2 to the variable i
(which is the counter) and immediately the loop moves on to its next cycle. The last two lines are ignored
when the value of the current XML element is “Display data for 2”.
var List = ref(xfa.record.lists.list1)
var i = 0
while (List.nodes.item(i+1).value ne "5") do
if (List.nodes.item(i) eq "Display data for 3") then
break
endif
if (List.nodes.item(i) eq "Display data for 2" then
i=i+2
continue
endif
$.addItem(List.nodes.item(i).value,List.nodes.item(i+1).value)
i=i+2
endwhile
Variables
Within your calculations, FormCalc allows you to create and manipulate variables for storing data. The
name you assign to each variable you create must be a unique identifier.
For example, the following FormCalc expressions define the userName variable and set the value of a text
field to be the value of userName.
var userName = "Tony Blue"
TextField1.rawValue = userName
You can reference variables that you define in the Variables tab of the Form Properties dialog box in the
same way. The following FormCalc expression uses the Concat function to set the value of the text field
using the form variables salutation and name.
TextField1.rawValue = Concat(salutation, name)
Note: A variable you create using FormCalc will supersede a similarly named variable you define in the
Variables tab of the Form Properties dialog box.
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Reference Syntax
24
Reference Syntax
FormCalc provides access to form design object properties and values using a reference syntax. The
following example demonstrates both assigning and retrieving object values:
Invoice_Total.rawValue = Invoice_SubTotal.rawValue * (8 / 100)
In this case the reference syntax Invoice_Total assigns the value of Invoice_SubTotal * (8 /
100) to the field Invoice_Total.
In the context of form design, a fully qualified reference syntax enables access to all the objects on a form
design.
To make accessing object properties and values easier, FormCalc includes shortcuts to reduce the effort
required to create references. The following table outlines the reference syntax shortcuts for FormCalc.
Notation
Description
$
Refers to the current field or object, as shown in this example:
$ = "Tony Blue"
The above example sets the value of the current field or object to Tony Blue.
$data
Represents the root of the data model xfa.datasets.data. For example,
$data.purchaseOrder.total
is equivalent to
xfa.datasets.data.purchaseOrder.total
$event
Represents the current form object event. For example,
$event.name
is equivalent to
xfa.event.name
$form
Represents the root of the form model xfa.form. For example,
$form.purchaseOrder.tax
is equivalent to stating
xfa.form.purchaseOrder.tax
$host
Represents the host object. For example,
$host.messageBox("Hello world")
is equivalent to
xfa.host.messageBox("Hello world")
$layout
Represents the root of the layout model xfa.layout. For example,
$layout.ready
is equivalent to stating
xfa.layout.ready
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Reference Syntax
Notation
Description
$record
Represents the current record of a collection of data, such as from an XML file. For
example,
$record.header.txtOrderedByCity
references the txtOrderedByCity node within the header node of the current
XML data.
$template
Represents the root of the template model xfa.template. For example,
$template.purchaseOrder.item
is equivalent to
xfa.template.purchaseOrder.item
!
Represents the root of the data model xfa.datasets. For example,
!data
is equivalent to
xfa.datasets.data
*
Selects all form objects within a given container, such as a subform, regardless of
name, or selects all objects that have a similar name.
For example, the following expression selects all objects named item on a form:
xfa.form.form1.item[*]
Note: You can use the ‘*’ (asterisk) syntax with JavaScript if it used with the
resolveNode method. For more information about the resolveNode
method, see LiveCycle Designer ES Help, or see the LiveCycle Designer ES
Scripting Reference.
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Reference Syntax
26
Notation
Description
..
You can use two dots at any point in your reference syntax to search for objects that
are a part of any subcontainer of the current container object, such as a subform. For
example, the expression Subform_Page..Subform2 means locate the node
Subform_Page (as usual) and find a descendant of Subform_Page called
Subform2.
Using the example tree above,
Subform_Page..TextField2
is equivalent to
Subform_Page.Subform1[0].Subform3.TextField2[0]
because TextField2[0] is in the first Subform1 node that FormCalc encounters
on its search. As a second example,
Subform_Page..Subform3[*]
returns all four TextField2 objects.
Note: You can use the ‘..’ (double period) syntax with JavaScript if it used with the
resolveNode method. For more information about the resolveNode
method, see LiveCycle Designer ES Help, or see the LiveCycle Designer ES
Scripting Reference.
#
The number sign (#) notation is used to denote one of the following items in a
reference syntax:
●
An unnamed object. For example, the following reference syntax accesses an
unnamed subform:
xfa.form.form1.#subform
●
Specify a property in a reference syntax if a property and an object have the same
name. For example, the following reference syntax accesses the name property of
a subform if the subform also contains a field named name:
xfa.form.form1.#subform.#name
Note: You can use the ‘#’ (number sign) syntax with JavaScript if it used with the
resolveNode method. For more information about the resolveNode
method, see LiveCycle Designer ES Help, or see the LiveCycle Designer ES
Scripting Reference.
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Reference Syntax
27
Notation
Description
[]
The square bracket ([ ]) notation denotes the occurrence value of an object. To
construct an occurrence value reference, place square brackets ([ ]) after an object
name, and enclose within the brackets one of the following values:
●
[ n ], where n is an absolute occurrence index number beginning at 0. An
occurrence number that is out of range does not return a value. For example,
xfa.form.form1.#subform.Quantity[3]
refers to the fourth occurrence of the Quantity object.
●
[ +/- n ], where n indicates an occurrence relative to the occurrence of the
object making the reference. Positive values yield higher occurrence numbers,
and negative values yield lower occurrence numbers. For example,
xfa.form.form1.#subform.Quantity[+2]
This reference yields the occurrence of Quantity whose occurrence number is
two more than the occurrence number of the container making the reference. For
example, if this reference was attached to the Quantity[2]object , the
reference would be the same as
xfa.template.Quantity[4]
If the computed index number is out of range, the reference returns an error.
The most common use of this syntax is for locating the previous or next
occurrence of a particular object. For example, every occurrence of the
Quantity object (except the first) might use Quantity[-1] to get the value of
the previous Quantity object.
●
[*] indicates multiple occurrences of an object. The first named object is found,
and objects of the same name that are siblings to the first are returned. Note that
using this notation returns a collection of objects. For example,
xfa.form.form1.#subform.Quantity[*]
This expression refers to all objects with a name of Quantity that are siblings to
the first occurrence of Quantity found by the reference.
Note: In language-specific forms for Arabic, Hebrew, Thai, and Vietnamese, the
reference syntax is always on the right (even for right-to-left languages).
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Notation
Property and method calls
Description
[ ]
(Continued)
Using the tree for reference, these expressions return the following objects:
●
Subform_Page.Subform1[*] returns both Subform1 objects.
●
Subform_Page.Subform1.Subform3.TextField2[*] returns two
TextField2 objects. Subform_Page.Subform1 resolves to the first
Subform1 object on the left, and TextField2[*] evaluates relative to the
Subform3 object.
●
Subform_Page.Subform1[*].TextField1 returns both of the
TextField1 instances. Subform_Page.Subform1[*] resolves to both
Subform1 objects, and TextField1 evaluates relative to the Subform1
objects.
●
Subform_Page.Subform1[*].Subform3.TextField2[1] returns the
second and fourth TextField2 objects from the left.
Subform_Page.Subform1[*] resolves to both Subform1 objects, and
TextField2[1] evaluates relative to the Subform3 objects.
●
Subform_Page.Subform1[*].Subform3[*] returns both instances of the
Subform3 object.
●
Subform_Page.* returns both Subform1 objects and the Subform2 object.
●
Subform_Page.Subform2.* returns the two instances of the
NumericField2 object.
Note: You can use the ‘[ ]’ (square bracket) syntax with JavaScript if it used with the
resolveNode method. For more information about the resolveNode
method, see LiveCycle Designer ES Help, or see the LiveCycle Designer ES
Scripting Reference.
Property and method calls
LiveCycle Designer ES defines a variety of properties and methods for all objects on a form design.
FormCalc provides access to these properties and methods and allows you to use them to modify the
appearance and behavior of objects on your form. Similar to a function call, you invoke properties and
methods by passing arguments to them in a specific order. The number and type of arguments in each
property and method are specific to each object type.
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Built-in function calls
29
Note: Different form design objects support different properties and methods. For a complete list of the
properties and methods objects support, see LiveCycle Designer ES Scripting Reference.
Built-in function calls
FormCalc supports a large set of built-in functions with a wide range of capabilities. The names of the
functions are case-insensitive, but unlike keywords, FormCalc does not reserve the names of the functions.
This means that calculations on forms with objects whose names coincide with the names of FormCalc
functions do not conflict.
Functions may or may not require some set of arguments to execute and return a value. Many functions
have arguments that are optional, meaning it is up to you to decide if the argument is necessary for the
particular situation.
FormCalc evaluates all function arguments in order, beginning with the lead argument. If an attempt is
made to pass less than the required number of arguments to a function, the function generates an error
exception.
Each function expects each argument in a particular format, either as a number literal or string literal. If the
value of an argument does not match what a function expects, FormCalc converts the value. For example:
Len(35)
The Len function actually expects a literal string. In this case, FormCalc converts the argument from the
number 35 to the string “35”, and the function evaluates to 2.
However, in the case of a string literal to number literal, the conversion is not so simple. For example:
Abs("abc")
The Abs function expects a number literal. FormCalc converts the value of all string literals as 0. This can
cause problems in functions where a 0 value forces an error, such as in the case of the Apr function.
Some function arguments only require integral values; in such cases, the passed arguments are always
promoted to integers by truncating the fractional part.
Here is a summary of the key properties of built-in functions:
●
Built-in function names are case-insensitive.
●
The built-in functions are predefined, but their names are not reserved words. This means that the
built-in function Max never conflicts with an object, object property, or object method named Max.
●
Many of the built-in functions have a mandatory number of arguments, which can be followed by a
optional number of arguments.
●
A few built-in functions, Avg, Count, Max, Min, Sum, and Concat, accept an indefinite number of
arguments.
For a complete listing of all the FormCalc functions, see the “Alphabetical Functions List” on page 30.
3
Alphabetical Functions List
The following table lists all available FormCalc functions, provides a description of each function, and
identifies the category type to which each function belongs.
Function
Description
Type
“Abs” on page 34
Returns the absolute value of a numeric value or
expression.
Arithmetic
“Apr” on page 60
Returns the annual percentage rate for a loan.
Financial
“At” on page 78
Locates the starting character position of a string within
another string.
String
“Avg” on page 35
Evaluates a set of number values and/or expressions and
returns the average of the non-null elements contained
within that set.
Arithmetic
“Ceil” on page 35
Returns the whole number greater than or equal to a
given number.
Arithmetic
“Choose” on page 70
Selects a value from a given set of parameters.
Logical
“Concat” on page 79
Returns the concatenation of two or more strings.
String
“Count” on page 36
Evaluates a set of values and/or expressions and returns
the number of non-null elements contained within the
set.
Arithmetic
“CTerm” on page 61
Returns the number of periods needed for an
investment earning a fixed, but compounded, interest
rate to grow to a future value.
Financial
“Date” on page 51
Returns the current system date as the number of days
since the epoch.
Date and Time
“Date2Num” on page 51
Returns the number of days since the epoch, given a
date string.
Date and Time
“DateFmt” on page 52
Returns a date format string, given a date format style.
Date and Time
“Decode” on page 80
Returns the decoded version of a given string.
String
“Encode” on page 80
Returns the encoded version of a given string.
String
“Eval” on page 74
Returns the value of a given form calculation.
Miscellaneous
“Exists” on page 71
Determines whether the given parameter is a reference
syntax to an existing object.
Logical
“Floor” on page 36
Returns the largest whole number that is less than or
equal to the given value.
Arithmetic
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Alphabetical Functions List
FormCalc User Reference
31
Function
Description
Type
“Format” on page 81
Formats the given data according to the specified
picture format string.
String
“FV” on page 62
Returns the future value of consistent payment amounts
made at regular intervals at a constant interest rate.
Financial
“Get” on page 93
Downloads the contents of the given URL.
URL
“HasValue” on page 71
Determines whether the given parameter is an accessor
with a non-null, non-empty, or non-blank value.
Logical
“IPmt” on page 63
Returns the amount of interest paid on a loan over a set
period of time.
Financial
“IsoDate2Num” on
page 53
Returns the number of days since the epoch, given an
valid date string.
Date and Time
“IsoTime2Num” on
page 53
Returns the number of milliseconds since the epoch,
given a valid time string.
Date and Time
“Left” on page 82
Extracts a specified number of characters from a string,
starting with the first character on the left.
String
“Len” on page 83
Returns the number of characters in a given string.
String
“LocalDateFmt” on
page 54
Returns a localized date format string, given a date
format style.
Date and Time
“LocalTimeFmt” on
page 54
Returns a localized time format string, given a time
format style.
Date and Time
“Lower” on page 84
Converts all uppercase characters within a specified
string to lowercase characters.
String
“Ltrim” on page 84
Returns a string with all leading white space characters
removed.
String
“Max” on page 37
Returns the maximum value of the non-null elements in
the given set of numbers.
Arithmetic
“Min” on page 38
Returns the minimum value of the non-null elements of
the given set of numbers.
Arithmetic
“Mod” on page 39
Returns the modulus of one number divided by another.
Arithmetic
“NPV” on page 64
Returns the net present value of an investment based on
a discount rate and a series of periodic future cash flows.
Financial
“Null” on page 75
Returns the null value. The null value means no value.
Miscellaneous
“Num2Date” on page 55
Returns a date string, given a number of days since the
epoch.
Date and Time
“Num2GMTime” on
page 56
Returns a GMT time string, given a number of
milliseconds from the epoch.
Date and Time
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Alphabetical Functions List
FormCalc User Reference
32
Function
Description
Type
“Num2Time” on page 57
Returns a time string, given a number of milliseconds
from the epoch.
Date and Time
“Oneof” on page 72
Returns true (1) if a value is in a given set, and false (0) if it
is not.
Logical
“Parse” on page 85
Analyzes the given data according to the given picture
format.
String
“Pmt” on page 64
Returns the payment for a loan based on constant
payments and a constant interest rate.
Financial
“Post” on page 93
Posts the given data to the specified URL.
URL
“PPmt” on page 65
Returns the amount of principal paid on a loan over a
period of time.
Financial
“Put” on page 95
Uploads the given data to the specified URL.
URL
“PV” on page 66
Returns the present value of an investment of periodic
constant payments at a constant interest rate.
Financial
“Rate” on page 67
Returns the compound interest rate per period required
for an investment to grow from present to future value in
a given period.
Financial
“Ref” on page 75
Returns a reference to an existing object.
Miscellaneous
“Replace” on page 85
Replaces all occurrences of one string with another
within a specified string.
String
“Right” on page 86
Extracts a number of characters from a given string,
beginning with the last character on the right.
String
“Round” on page 40
Evaluates a given numeric value or expression and
returns a number rounded to the given number of
decimal places.
Arithmetic
“Rtrim” on page 87
Returns a string with all trailing white space characters
removed.
String
“Space” on page 87
Returns a string consisting of a given number of blank
spaces.
String
“Str” on page 88
Converts a number to a character string. FormCalc
formats the result to the specified width and rounds to
the specified number of decimal places.
String
“Stuff” on page 89
Inserts a string into another string.
String
“Substr” on page 89
Extracts a portion of a given string.
String
“Sum” on page 41
Returns the sum of the non-null elements of a given set
of numbers.
Arithmetic
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Alphabetical Functions List
FormCalc User Reference
33
Function
Description
Type
“Term” on page 68
Returns the number of periods needed to reach a given
future value from periodic constant payments into an
interest-bearing account.
Financial
“Time” on page 57
Returns the current system time as the number of
milliseconds since the epoch.
Date and Time
“Time2Num” on page 58
Returns the number of milliseconds since the epoch,
given a time string.
Date and Time
“TimeFmt” on page 59
Returns a time format, given a time format style.
Date and Time
“UnitType” on page 76
Returns the units of a unitspan. A unitspan is a string
consisting of a number followed by a unit name.
Miscellaneous
“UnitValue” on page 77
Returns the numeric value of a measurement with its
associated unitspan, after an optional unit conversion.
Miscellaneous
“Upper” on page 91
Converts all lowercase characters within a string to
uppercase.
String
“Uuid” on page 90
Returns a Universally Unique Identifier (UUID) string to
use as an identification method.
String
“Within” on page 73
Returns true (1) if the test value is within a given range,
and false (0) if it is not.
Logical
“WordNum” on page 92
Returns the English text equivalent of a given number.
String
4
Arithmetic Functions
These functions perform a range of mathematical operations.
Functions
●
“Abs” on page 34
●
“Avg” on page 35
●
“Ceil” on page 35
●
“Count” on page 36
●
“Floor” on page 36
●
“Max” on page 37
●
“Min” on page 38
●
“Mod” on page 39
●
“Round” on page 40
●
“Sum” on page 41
Abs
Returns the absolute value of a numeric value or expression, or returns null if the value or expression is
null.
Syntax
Abs(n1)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression to evaluate.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Abs function:
Expression
Returns
Abs(1.03)
1.03
Abs(-1.03)
1.03
Abs(0)
0
34
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Arithmetic Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Avg
35
Avg
Evaluates a set of number values and/or expressions and returns the average of the non-null elements
contained within that set.
Syntax
Avg(n1 [, n2 ...])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
The first numeric value or expression of the set.
n2 (optional)
Additional numeric values or expressions.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Avg function:
Expression
Returns
Avg(0, 32, 16)
16
Avg(2.5, 17, null)
9.75
Avg(Price[0], Price[1], Price[2], Price[3])
The average value of the first four
non-null occurrences of Price.
Avg(Quantity[*])
The average value of all non-null
occurrences of Quantity.
Ceil
Returns the whole number greater than or equal to a given number, or returns null if its parameter is null.
Syntax
Ceil(n)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n
Any numeric value or expression.
The function returns 0 if n is not a numeric value or expression.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Ceil function:
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Arithmetic Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Count
Expression
Returns
Ceil(2.5875)
3
Ceil(-5.9)
-5
Ceil("abc")
0
Ceil(A)
100 if the value of A is 99.999
36
Count
Evaluates a set of values and/or expressions and returns the count of non-null elements contained within
the given set.
Syntax
Count(n1 [, n2 ...])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression.
n2 (optional)
Additional numeric values and/or expressions.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Count function:
Expression
Returns
Count("Tony", "Blue", 41)
3
Count(Customers[*])
The number of non-null occurrences of Customers.
Count(Coverage[2], "Home", "Auto")
3, provided the third occurrence of Coverage is
non-null.
Floor
Returns the largest whole number that is less than or equal to the given value.
Syntax
Floor(n)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n
Any numeric value or expression.
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Arithmetic Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Max
37
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Floor function:
Expression
Returns
Floor(21.3409873)
21
Floor(5.999965342)
5
Floor(3.2 * 15)
48
Max
Returns the maximum value of the non-null elements in the given set of numbers.
Syntax
Max(n1 [, n2 ...])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression.
n2 (optional)
Additional numeric values and/or expressions.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Max function:
Expression
Returns
Max(234, 15, 107)
234
Max("abc", 15, "Tony Blue")
15
Max("abc")
0
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Arithmetic Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Min
Expression
Returns
Max(Field1[*], Field2[0])
Evaluates the non-null
occurrences of Field1 as well as
the first occurrence of Field2,
and returns the highest value.
Max(Min(Field1[*], Field2[0]), Field3, Field4)
The first expression evaluates the
non-null occurrences of Field1
as well as the first occurrence of
Field2, and returns the lowest
value. The final result is the
maximum of the returned value
compared against the values of
Field3 and Field4.
38
See also “Min” on page 38.
Min
Returns the minimum value of the non-null elements of the given set of numbers.
Syntax
Min(n1 [, n2 ...])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression.
n2 (optional)
Additional numeric values and/or expressions.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Min function:
Expression
Returns
Min(234, 15, 107)
15
Min("abc", 15, "Tony Blue")
15
Min("abc")
0
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Arithmetic Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Mod
39
Expression
Returns
Min(Field1[*], Field2[0])
Evaluates the non-null occurrences
of Sales_July as well as the first
occurrence of Sales_August,
and returns the lowest value.
Min(Max(Field1[*], Field2[0]), Field3, Field4)
The first expression evaluates the
non-null occurrences of Field1 as
well as the first occurrence of
Field2, and returns the highest
value. The final result is the
minimum of the returned value
compared against the values of
Field3 and Field4.
See also “Max” on page 37.
Mod
Returns the modulus of one number divided by another. The modulus is the remainder of the division of
the dividend by the divisor. The sign of the remainder always equals the sign of the dividend.
Syntax
Mod(n1, n2)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
The dividend, a numeric value or expression.
n2
The divisor, a numeric value or expression.
If n1 and/or n2 are not numeric values or expressions, the function returns 0.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Mod function:
Expression
Returns
Mod(64, -3)
1
Mod(-13,3)
-1
Mod("abc", 2)
0
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Arithmetic Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Round
40
Expression
Returns
Mod(X[0], Y[9])
The first occurrence of X is used as the
dividend and the tenth occurrence of Y is used
as the divisor.
Mod(Round(Value[4], 2), Max(Value[*]))
The first fifth occurrence of Value rounded to
two decimal places is used as the dividend and
the highest of all non-null occurrences of
Value is used as the divisor.
See also “Max” on page 37 and “Round” on
page 40.
Round
Evaluates a given numeric value or expression and returns a number rounded to a given number of
decimal places.
Syntax
Round(n1 [, n2])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression to be evaluated.
n2 (optional)
The number of decimal places with which to evaluate n1 to a maximum of 12.
If you do not include a value for n2, or if n2 is invalid, the function assumes the
number of decimal places is 0.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Round function:
Expression
Returns
Round(12.389764537, 4)
12.3898
Round(20/3, 2)
6.67
Round(8.9897, "abc")
9
Round(FV(400, 0.10/12, 30*12), 2)
904195.17. This takes the value evaluated using the
FV function and rounds it to two decimal places.
See also “FV” on page 62.
Round(Total_Price, 2)
Rounds off the value of Total_Price to two decimal
places.
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Arithmetic Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Sum
41
Sum
Returns the sum of the non-null elements of a given set of numbers.
Syntax
Sum(n1 [, n2 ...])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression.
n2 (optional)
Additional numeric values and/or expressions.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Sum function:
Expression
Returns
Sum(2, 4, 6, 8)
20
Sum(-2, 4, -6, 8)
4
Sum(4, 16, "abc", 19)
39
Sum(Amount[2], Amount[5])
Totals the third and sixth
occurrences of Amount.
Sum(Round(20/3, 2), Max(Amount[*]), Min(Amount[*]))
Totals the value of 20/3
rounded to two decimal
places, as well as the largest
and smallest non-null
occurrences of Amount.
See also “Max” on page 37,
“Min” on page 38, and
“Round” on page 40.
5
Date and Time Functions
Functions in this section deal specifically with creating and manipulating date and time values.
Functions
●
“Date” on page 51
●
“Date2Num” on page 51
●
“DateFmt” on page 52
●
“IsoDate2Num” on page 53
●
“IsoTime2Num” on page 53
●
“LocalDateFmt” on page 54
●
“LocalTimeFmt” on page 54
●
“Num2Date” on page 55
●
“Num2GMTime” on page 56
●
“Num2Time” on page 57
●
“Time” on page 57
●
“Time2Num” on page 58
●
“TimeFmt” on page 59
Structuring dates and times
Locales
A locale is a standard term used when developing international standards to identify a particular nation
(language, country or region). For the purposes of FormCalc, a locale defines the format of dates, times,
numeric, and currency values relevant to a specific nation or region so that users can use the formats they
are accustomed to.
Each locale is comprised of a unique string of characters called a locale identifier. The composition of these
strings is controlled by the international standards organization (ISO) Internet Engineering Task Force
(IETF), a working group of the Internet Society (www.isoc.org).
Locale identifiers consist of a language part, a country or region part, or both. The following table lists valid
locales for this release of LiveCycle Designer ES.
Language
Country or Region
ISO Code
Arabic
United Arabian Emirates
ar_AE
Arabic
Bahrain
ar_BH
Arabic
Algeria
ar_DZ
Arabic
Egypt
ar_EG
42
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Locales
Language
Country or Region
ISO Code
Arabic
Iraq
ar_IQ
Arabic
Jordan
ar_JO
Arabic
Kuwait
ar_KW
Arabic
Lebanon
ar_LB
Arabic
Libya
ar_LY
Arabic
Morocco
ar_MA
Arabic
Oman
ar_OM
Arabic
Qatar
ar_QA
Arabic
Saudi Arabia
ar_SA
Arabic
Sudan
ar_SD
Arabic
Syria
ar_SY
Arabic
Tunisia
ar_TN
Arabic
Yemen
ar_YE
Bulgarian
Bulgaria
bg_BG
Chinese
Hong Kong
zh_HK
Chinese
People’s Republic of China
(Simplified)
zh_CN
Chinese
Taiwan (Traditional)
zh_TW
Croatian
Croatia
hr_HR
Czech
Czech Republic
cs_CAZ
Danish
Denmark
da_DK
Dutch
Belgium
nl_BE
Dutch
Netherlands
nl_NL
English
Australia
en_AU
English
Canada
en_CA
English
India
en_IN
English
Ireland
en_IE
English
New Zealand
en_NZ
English
South Africa
en_ZA
English
United Kingdom
en_GB
English
United Kingdom Euro
en_GB_EURO
43
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Locales
Language
Country or Region
ISO Code
English
United States of America
en_US
Estonian
Estonia
et_EE
Finnish
Finland
fi_FI
French
Belgium
fr_BE
French
Canada
fr_CA
French
France
fr_FR
French
Luxembourg
fr_LU
French
Switzerland
fr_CH
German
Austria
de_AT
German
Germany
de_DE
German
Luxembourg
de_LU
German
Switzerland
de_CH
Greek
Greece
el_GR
Hebrew
Israel
he_IL
Hungarian
Hungary
hu_HU
Indonesian
Indonesia
id_ID
Italian
Italy
it_IT
Italian
Switzerland
it_CH
Japanese
Japan
ja_JP
Korean
Republic of Korea
ko_KR
Korean
Korea Hanja
ko_KR_HANI
Latvian
Latvia
lv_LV
Lithuanian
Lithuania
lt_LT
Malay
Malaysia
ms_MY
Norwegian - Bokmal
Norway
nb_NO
Norwegian - Nynorsk
Norway
nn_NO
Polish
Poland
pl_PL
Portuguese
Brazil
pt_BR
Portuguese
Portugal
pt_PT
Romanian
Romania
ro_RO
Russian
Russia
ru_RU
44
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Locales
Language
Country or Region
ISO Code
Serbo-Croatian
Bosnia and Herzegovina
sh_BA
Serbo-Croatian
Croatia
sh_HR
Serbo-Croatian
Serbia and Montenegro
sh_CS
Slovak
Slovakia
sk_SK
Slovenian
Slovenia
sl_SI
Spanish
Ecuador
es_EC
Spanish
El Salvador
es_SV
Spanish
Guatemala
es_GT
Spanish
Honduras
es_HN
Spanish
Nicaragua
es_NI
Spanish
Panama
es_PA
Spanish
Paraguay
es_PY
Spanish
Puerto Rico
es_PR
Spanish
Uruguay
es_UY
Spanish
Argentina
es_AR
Spanish
Bolivia
es_BO
Spanish
Chile
es_CL
Spanish
Columbia
es_CO
Spanish
Costa Rica
es_CR
Spanish
Dominican Republic
es_DO
Spanish
Mexico
es_MX
Spanish
Peru
es_PE
Spanish
Spain
es_ES
Spanish
Venezuela
es_VE
Swedish
Sweden
sv_SE
Thai
Thailand
th_TH
Thai
Thailand Traditional
th_TH_TH
Turkish
Turkey
tr_TR
Ukrainian
Ukraine
uk_UA
Vietnamese
Vietnam
vi_VN
45
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Epoch
46
Usually, both elements of a locale are important. For example, the names of weekdays and months, in
English, for Canada and Great Britain are formatted identically, but dates are formatted differently.
Therefore, specifying an English language locale is insufficient. Also, specifying only a country as the locale
is insufficient. For example, Canada has different date formats for English and French.
In general, every application operates in an environment where a locale is present. This locale is known as
the ambient locale. In some circumstances, an application might operate on a system, or within an
environment, where a locale is not present. In these rare cases, the ambient locale is set to a default of
English United States (en_US). This locale is known as a default locale.
Epoch
Date values and time values have an associated origin or epoch, which is a moment in time from which
time begins. Any date value and any time value prior to its epoch is invalid.
The unit of value for all date functions is the number of days since the epoch. The unit of value for all time
functions is the number of milliseconds since the epoch.
LiveCycle Designer ES defines day one for the epoch for all date functions as Jan 1, 1900, and millisecond
one for the epoch for all time functions is midnight, 00:00:00, Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). This definition
means that negative time values can be returned to users in time zones east of GMT.
Date formats
A date format is a shorthand specification of how a date appears. It consists of various punctuation marks
and symbols that represent the formatting that the date must use. The following table lists examples of
date formats.
Date format
Example
MM/DD/YY
11/11/78
DD/MM/YY
25/07/85
MMMM DD, YYYY
March 10, 1964
The format of dates is governed by an ISO standard. Each country or region specifies its own date formats.
The four general categories of date formats are short, medium, long, and full. The following table contains
examples of different date formats from different locales for each of the categories.
Locale identifier and
description
Date format (Category)
Example
en_GB
DD/MM/YY (Short)
08/18/92
English (United Kingdom)
fr_CA
French (Canada)
08/04/05
YY-MM-DD (Medium)
92-08-18
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Time formats
Locale identifier and
description
Date format (Category)
Example
de_DE
D. MMMM YYYY (Long)
17. Juni 1989
EEEE, ' le ' D MMMM YYYY (Full)
Lundi, le 29 Octobre, 1990
47
German (Germany)
fr_FR
French (France)
Time formats
A time format is a shorthand specification to format a time. It consists of punctuations, literals, and pattern symbols. The following table lists examples of time formats.
Time format
Example
h:MM A
7:15 PM
HH:MM:SS
21:35:26
HH:MM:SS 'o''clock' A Z
14:20:10 o’clock PM EDT
Timefollowing
The
formats are
table
governed
containsbysome
an ISO
examples
standard.
of Each
different
nation
date
specifies
formatsthe
from
form
different
of its default,
locales short,
for each
medium,
of the categories.
long, and full-time formats. The locale identifies the format of times that conform to the standards of that nation.
Locale identifier and description
Time format (Category)
Example
en_GB
HH:MM (Short)
14:13
HH:MM:SS (Medium)
12:15:50
HH:MM:SS z (Long)
14:13:13 -0400
HH ' h ' MM Z (Full)
14 h 13 GMT-04:00
English (United Kingdom)
fr_CA
French (Canada)
de_DE
German (Germany)
fr_FR
French (France)
Date and time picture formats
The following symbols must be used to create date and time patterns for date/time fields. Certain date
symbols are only used in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean locales. These symbols are also specified below.
Note: The comma (,), dash (-), colon (:), slash (/), period (.), and space ( ) are treated as literal values and can
be included anywhere in a pattern. To include a phrase in a pattern, delimit the text string with
single quotation marks ('). For example, 'Your payment is due no later than' MM-DD-YY
can be specified as the display pattern.
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Date and time picture formats
Date symbol
Description
Formatted value for English (USA) locale
where the locale-sensitive input value is
1/1/08 (which is January 1, 2008)
D
1 or 2 digit (1-31) day of the month
1
DD
Zero-padded 2 digit (01-31) day of the
month
01
J
1, 2, or 3 digit (1-366) day of the year
1
JJJ
Zero-padded, three-digit (001-366)
day of the year
001
M
One- or two-digit (1-12) month of the
year
1
MM
Zero-padded, two-digit (01-12) month
of the year
01
MMM
Abbreviated month name
Jan
MMMM
Full month name
January
E
One-digit (1-7) day of the week, where
(1=Sunday)
3 (because January 1, 2008 is a Tuesday)
EEE
Abbreviated weekday name
Tue (because January 1, 2008 is a Tuesday)
EEEE
Full weekday name
Tuesday (because January 1, 2008 is a
Tuesday)
YY
Two-digit year, where numbers less
than 30 are considered to fall after the
year 2000 and numbers 30 and higher
are considered to occur before 2000.
For example, 00=2000, 29=2029,
30=1930, and 99=1999
08
YYYY
Four-digit year
2008
G
Era name (BC or AD)
AD
w
One-digit (0-5) week of the month,
1
where week 1 is the earliest set of four
contiguous days ending on a Saturday
WW
Two-digit (01-53) ISO-8601 week of
the year, where week 1 is the week
containing January 4
01
Several additional date patterns are available for specifying date patterns in Chinese, Japanese, and
Korean locales.
Japanese eras can be represented by several different symbols. The final four era symbols provide
alternative symbols to represent Japanese eras.
48
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Date and time picture formats
49
CJK date symbol
Description
DDD
The locale’s ideographic numeric valued day of the month
DDDD
The locale’s tens rule ideographic numeric valued day of the month
YYY
The locale’s ideographic numeric valued year
YYYYY
The locale’s tens rule ideographic numeric valued year
g
The locale’s alternate era name. For the current Japanese era, Heisei, this
pattern displays the ASCII letter H (U+48)
gg
The locale’s alternate era name. For the current Japanese era, this pattern
displays the ideograph that is represented by the Unicode symbol (U+5E73)
ggg
The locale’s alternate era name. For the current Japanese era, this pattern
displays the ideographs that are represented by the Unicode symbols (U+5E73
U+6210)
g
The locale’s alternate era name. For the current Japanese era, this pattern
displays the full width letter H (U+FF28)
g g
The locale’s alternate era name. For the current Japanese era, this pattern
displays the ideograph that is represented by the Unicode symbol (U+337B)
Time
symbol
Description
Locale-sensitive
input value
Formatted value for
English (USA) locale
h
One- or two-digit (1-12) hour of the day
(AM/PM)
12:08 AM or 2:08 PM
12 or 2
hh
Zero-padded 2 digit (01-12) hour of the
day (AM/PM)
12:08 AM or 2:08 PM
12 or 02
k
One- or two-digit (0-11) hour of the day
(AM/PM)
12:08 AM or 2:08 PM
0 or 2
kk
Two-digit (00-11) hour of the day
(AM/PM)
12:08 AM or 2:08 PM
00 or 02
H
One- or two-digit (0-23) hour of the day
12:08 AM or 2:08 PM
0 or 14
HH
Zero-padded, two-digit (00-23) hour of
the day
12:08 AM or 2:08 PM
00 or 14
K
One- or two-digit (1-24) hour of the day
12:08 AM or 2:08 PM
24 or 14
KK
Zero-padded, two-digit (01-24) hour of
the day
12:08 AM or 2:08 PM
24 or 14
M
One- or two-digit (0-59) minute of the
hour
2:08 PM
8
Note: You must use this symbol with an
hour symbol.
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Time
symbol
MM
Date and time picture formats
Description
Zero-padded, two-digit (00-59) minute
of the hour
Locale-sensitive
input value
Formatted value for
English (USA) locale
2:08 PM
08
2:08:09 PM
9
2:08:09 PM
09
2:08:09 PM
09
Note: You must use this symbol with an
hour symbol.
S
One- or two-digit (0-59) second of the
minute
Note: You must use this symbol with an
hour and minute symbol.
SS
Zero-padded, two-digit (00-59) second
of the minute
Note: You must use this symbol with an
hour and minute symbol.
FFF
Three- digit (000-999) thousandth of the
second
Note: You must use this symbol with an
hour, minute, and seconds
symbol.
A
The part of the day that is from midnight
to noon (AM) or from noon to midnight
(PM)
2:08:09 PM
PM
z
ISO-8601 time-zone format (for example,
Z, +0500, -0030, -01, +0100)
2:08:09 PM
-0400
2:08:09 PM
-04:00
2:08:09 PM
EDT
Note: You must use this symbol with an
hour symbol.
zz
Alternative ISO-8601 time-zone format
(for example, Z, +05:00, -00:30, -01,
+01:00)
Note: You must use this symbol with an
hour symbol.
Z
Abbreviated time-zone name (for
example, GMT, GMT+05:00, GMT-00:30,
EST, PDT)
50
Note: You must use this symbol with an
hour symbol.
Reserved symbols
The following symbols have special meanings and cannot be used as literal text.
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Date
Symbol
Description
?
When submitted, the symbol matches any one character. When merged for display, it
becomes a space.
*
When submitted, the symbol matches 0 or Unicode white space characters. When
merged for display, it becomes a space.
+
When submitted, the symbol matches one or more Unicode white space characters.
When merged for display, it becomes a space.
Date
Returns the current system date as the number of days since the epoch.
Syntax
Date()
Parameters
None
Examples
The following expression is an example of using the Date function:
Expression
Returns
Date()
37875 (the number of days from the epoch to September 12, 2003)
Date2Num
Returns the number of days since the epoch, given a date string.
Syntax
Date2Num(d [, f [, k ]])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
d
A date string in the format supplied by f that also conforms to the locale given by k.
f (optional)
A date format string. If f is omitted, the default date format MMM D, YYYY is used.
k (optional)
A locale identifier string that conforms to the locale naming standards. If k is omitted
(or is invalid), the ambient locale is used.
The function returns a value of 0 if any of the following conditions are true:
●
The format of the given date does not match the format specified in the function.
●
Either the locale or date format supplied in the function is invalid.
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Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
DateFmt
Insufficient information is provided to determine a unique day since the epoch (that is, any information
regarding the date is missing or incomplete).
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Date2Num function:
Expression
Returns
Date2Num("Mar 15, 1996")
35138
Date2Num("1/1/1900", "D/M/YYYY")
1
Date2Num("03/15/96", "MM/DD/YY")
35138
Date2Num("Aug 1,1996", "MMM D, YYYY")
35277
Date2Num("96-08-20", "YY-MM-DD", "fr_FR")
35296
Date2Num("1/3/00", "D/M/YY") - Date2Num("1/2/00", "D/M/YY")
29
DateFmt
Returns a date format string, given a date format style.
Syntax
DateFmt([n [, k ]])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n (optional)
An integer identifying the locale-specific time format style as follows:
●
1 (Short style)
●
2 (Medium style)
●
3 (Long style)
●
4 (Full style)
If n is omitted (or is invalid), the default style value 0 is used.
k (optional)
A locale identifier string that conforms to the locale naming standards. If k is
omitted (or is invalid), the ambient locale is used.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the DateFmt function:
Expression
Returns
DateFmt(1)
M/D/YY (if en_US locale is set)
DateFmt(2, "fr_CA")
YY-MM-DD
DateFmt(3, "de_DE")
D. MMMM YYYY
DateFmt(4, "fr_FR")
EEEE D' MMMM YYYY
52
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
IsoDate2Num
IsoDate2Num
Returns the number of days since the epoch began, given a valid date string.
Syntax
IsoDate2Num(d)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
d
A valid date string.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the IsoDate2Num function:
Expression
Returns
IsoDate2Num("1900")
1
IsoDate2Num("1900-01")
1
IsoDate2Num("1900-01-01")
1
IsoDate2Num("19960315T20:20:20")
35138
IsoDate2Num("2000-03-01") - IsoDate2Num("20000201")
29
IsoTime2Num
Returns the number of milliseconds since the epoch, given a valid time string.
Syntax
IsoTime2Num(d)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
d
A valid time string.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the IsoTime2Num function:
Expression
Returns
IsoTime2Num("00:00:00Z")
1, for a user in the Eastern Time (ET) zone.
IsoTime2Num("13")
64800001, for a user located in Boston, U.S.
IsoTime2Num("13:13:13")
76393001, for a user located in California.
IsoTime2Num("19111111T131313+01")
43993001, for a user located in the Eastern Time
(ET) zone.
53
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
LocalDateFmt
LocalDateFmt
Returns a localized date format string, given a date format style.
Syntax
LocalDateFmt([n [, k ]])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n (optional)
An integer identifying the locale-specific date format style as follows:
●
1 (Short style)
●
2 (Medium style)
●
3 (Long style)
●
4 (Full style)
If n is omitted (or is invalid), the default style value 0 is used.
k (optional)
A locale identifier string that conforms to the locale naming standards. If k is
omitted (or is invalid), the ambient locale is used.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of the LocalDateFmt function:
Expression
Returns
LocalDateFmt(1, "de_DE")
tt.MM.uu
LocalDateFmt(2, "fr_CA")
aa-MM-jj
LocalDateFmt(3, "de_CH")
t. MMMM jjjj
LocalDateFmt(4, "fr_FR")
EEEE j MMMM aaaa
LocalTimeFmt
Returns a localized time format string, given a time format style.
Syntax
LocalTimeFmt([n [, k ]])
54
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Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Num2Date
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n (Optional)
An integer identifying the locale-specific time format style as follows:
●
1 (Short style)
●
2 (Medium style)
●
3 (Long style)
●
4 (Full style)
If n is omitted (or is invalid), the default style value 0 is used.
k (Optional)
A locale identifier string that conforms to the locale naming standards. If k is
omitted (or is invalid), the ambient locale is used.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the LocalTimeFmt function:
Expression
Returns
LocalTimeFmt(1, "de_DE")
HH:mm
LocalTimeFmt(2, "fr_CA")
HH:mm:ss
LocalTimeFmt(3, "de_CH")
HH:mm:ss z
LocalTimeFmt(4, "fr_FR")
HH' h 'mm z
Num2Date
Returns a date string, given a number of days since the epoch.
Syntax
Num2Date(n [,f [, k ]])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n
An integer representing the number of days.
If n is invalid, the function returns an error.
f (Optional)
A date format string. If you do not include a value for f, the function uses the
default date format MMM D, YYYY.
k (Optional)
A locale identifier string that conforms to the locale naming standards. If you do
not include a value for k, or if k is invalid, the function uses the ambient locale.
The function returns a value of 0 if any of the following conditions are true:
●
The format of the given date does not match the format specified in the function.
●
Either the locale or date format supplied in the function is invalid.
55
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Num2GMTime
56
Insufficient information is provided to determine a unique day since the epoch (that is, any information
regarding the date is missing or incomplete.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Num2Date function:
Expression
Returns
Num2Date(1, "DD/MM/YYYY")
01/01/1900
Num2Date(35139, "DD-MMM-YYYY", "de_DE")
16-Mrz-1996
Num2Date(Date2Num("Mar 15, 2000") Date2Num("98-03-15", "YY-MM-DD", "fr_CA"))
Jan 1, 1902
Num2GMTime
Returns a GMT time string, given a number of milliseconds from the epoch.
Syntax
Num2GMTime(n [,f [, k ]])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n
An integer representing the number of milliseconds.
If n is invalid, the function returns an error.
f (Optional)
A time format string. If you do not include a value for f, the function uses the
default time format H:MM:SS A.
k (Optional)
A locale identifier string that conforms to the locale naming standards. If you do
not include a value for k, or if k is invalid, the function uses the ambient locale.
The function returns a value of 0 if any of the following conditions are true:
●
The format of the given time does not match the format specified in the function.
●
Either the locale or time format supplied in the function is invalid.
Insufficient information is provided to determine a unique time since the epoch (that is, any information
regarding the time is missing or incomplete.
Examples
The following expressions illustrate using the Num2GMTime function:
Expression
Returns
Num2GMTime(1, "HH:MM:SS")
00:00:00
Num2GMTime(65593001, "HH:MM:SS Z")
18:13:13 GMT
Num2GMTime(43993001, TimeFmt(4, "de_DE"), "de_DE")
12.13 Uhr GMT
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Num2Time
57
Num2Time
Returns a time string, given a number of milliseconds from the epoch.
Syntax
Num2Time(n [,f [, k ]])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n
An integer representing the number of milliseconds.
If n is invalid, the function returns an error.
f (Optional)
A time format string. If you do not include a value for f, the function uses the
default time format H:MM:SS A.
k (Optional)
A locale identifier string that conforms to the locale naming standards. If you do
not include a value for k, or if k is invalid, the function uses the ambient locale.
The function returns a value of 0 if any of the following conditions are true:
●
The format of the given time does not match the format specified in the function.
●
Either the locale or time format supplied in the function is invalid.
Insufficient information is provided to determine a unique time since the epoch (that is, any information
regarding the time is missing or incomplete.
Examples
The following expressions illustrate using the Num2Time function:
Expression
Returns
Num2Time(1, "HH:MM:SS")
00:00:00 in Greenwich, England
and 09:00:00 in Tokyo.
Num2Time(65593001, "HH:MM:SS Z")
13:13:13 EST in Boston, U.S.
Num2Time(65593001, "HH:MM:SS Z", "de_DE")
13:13:13 GMT-05:00 to a
German-Swiss user in Boston, U.S.
Num2Time(43993001, TimeFmt(4, "de_DE"), "de_DE")
13.13 Uhr GMT+01:00 to a
user in Zurich, Austria.
Num2Time(43993001, "HH:MM:SSzz")
13:13+01:00 to a user in Zurich,
Austria.
Time
Returns the current system time as the number of milliseconds since the epoch.
Syntax
Time()
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Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Time2Num
58
Parameters
None
Examples
The following expression is an example of using the Time function:
Expression
Returns
Time()
71533235 at precisely 3:52:15 P.M. on September 15th, 2003 to a user in the
Eastern Standard Time (EST) zone.
Time2Num
Returns the number of milliseconds since the epoch, given a time string.
Syntax
Time2Num(d [, f [, k ]])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
d
A time string in the format supplied by f that also conforms to the locale given by k.
f (Optional)
A time format string. If you do not include a value for f, the function uses the default
time format H:MM:SS A.
k (Optional)
A locale identifier string that conforms to the locale naming standards. If you do not
include a value for k, or if k is invalid, the function uses the ambient locale.
The function returns a value of 0 if any of the following conditions are true:
●
The format of the given time does not match the format specified in the function.
●
Either the locale or time format supplied in the function is invalid.
Insufficient information is provided to determine a unique time since the epoch (that is, any information
regarding the time is missing or incomplete.
Examples
The following expressions illustrate using the Time2Num function:
Expression
Returns
Time2Num("00:00:00 GMT", "HH:MM:SS Z")
1
Time2Num("1:13:13 PM")
76393001 to a user in California
on Pacific Standard Time, and
76033001 when that same user is
on Pacific Daylight Savings Time.
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Date and Time Functions
FormCalc User Reference
TimeFmt
59
Expression
Returns
Time2Num("13:13:13", "HH:MM:SS") Time2Num("13:13:13 GMT", "HH:MM:SS Z")) / (60 *
60 * 1000)
8 to a user in Vancouver and 5 to a
user in Ottawa when on Standard
Time. On Daylight Savings Time,
the returned values are 7 and 4,
respectively.
Time2Num("13:13:13 GMT", "HH:MM:SS Z", "fr_FR")
47593001
TimeFmt
Returns a time format, given a time format style.
Syntax
TimeFmt([n [, k ]])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n (Optional)
An integer identifying the locale-specific time format style as follows:
●
1 (Short style)
●
2 (Medium style)
●
3 (Long style)
●
4 (Full style)
If you do not include a value for n, or if n is invalid, the function uses the default
style value.
k (Optional)
A locale identifier string that conforms to the locale naming standards. If k is
omitted (or is invalid), the ambient locale is used.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the TimeFmt function:
Expression
Returns
TimeFmt(1)
h:MM A (if en_US locale is set)
TimeFmt(2, "fr_CA")
HH:MM:SS
TimeFmt(3, "fr_FR")
HH:MM:SS Z
TimeFmt(4, "de_DE")
H.MM' Uhr 'Z
6
Financial Functions
These functions perform a variety of interest, principal, and evaluation calculations related to the financial
sector.
Functions
●
“Apr” on page 60
●
“CTerm” on page 61
●
“FV” on page 62
●
“IPmt” on page 63
●
“NPV” on page 64
●
“Pmt” on page 64
●
“PPmt” on page 65
●
“PV” on page 66
●
“Rate” on page 67
●
“Term” on page 68
Apr
Returns the annual percentage rate for a loan.
Note: Interest rate calculation methods differ from country to country. This function calculates an interest
rate based on U.S. interest rate standards.
Syntax
Apr(n1, n2, n3)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression representing the principal amount of the loan.
n2
A numeric value or expression representing the payment amount on the loan.
n3
A numeric value or expression representing the number of periods in the loan’s
duration.
If any parameter is null, the function returns null. If any parameter is negative or 0, the function returns
an error.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Apr function:
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FormCalc User Reference
CTerm
Expression
Returns
Apr(35000, 269.50, 360)
0.08515404566 for a $35,000 loan repaid
61
at $269.50 a month for 30 years.
Apr(210000 * 0.75, 850 + 110, 25 * 26)
0.07161332404
Apr(-20000, 250, 120)
Error
Apr(P_Value, Payment, Time)
This example uses variables in place of actual
numeric values or expressions.
CTerm
Returns the number of periods needed for an investment earning a fixed, but compounded, interest rate
to grow to a future value.
Note: Interest rate calculation methods differ from country to country. This function calculates an interest
rate based on U.S. interest rate standards.
Syntax
CTerm(n1, n2, n3)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression representing the interest rate per period.
n2
A numeric value or expression representing the future value of the investment.
n3
A numeric value or expression representing the amount of the initial investment.
If any parameter is null, the function returns null. If any parameter is negative or 0, the function returns an
error.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the CTerm function:
Expression
Returns
CTerm(0.02, 1000, 100)
116.2767474515
CTerm(0.10, 500000, 12000)
39.13224648502
CTerm(0.0275 + 0.0025, 1000000, 55000 * 0.10)
176.02226044975
CTerm(Int_Rate, Target_Amount, P_Value)
This example uses variables in place
of actual numeric values or
expressions.
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Financial Functions
FormCalc User Reference
FV
62
FV
Returns the future value of consistent payment amounts made at regular intervals at a constant interest
rate.
Note: Interest rate calculation methods differ from country to country. This function calculates an interest
rate based on U.S. interest rate standards.
Syntax
FV(n1, n2, n3)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression representing the payment amount.
n2
A numeric value or expression representing the interest per period of the investment.
n3
A numeric value or expression representing the total number of payment periods.
The function returns an error if either of the following conditions are true:
●
Either of n1 or n3 are negative or 0.
●
n2 is negative.
If any of the parameters are null, the function returns null.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of the FV function:
Expression
Returns
FV(400, 0.10 / 12, 30 * 12)
904195.16991842445. This is the value, after
30 years, of a $400 a month investment growing
at 10% annually.
FV(1000, 0.075 / 4, 10 * 4)
58791.96145535981. This is the value, after 10
years, of a $1000 a month investment growing at
7.5% a quarter.
FV(Payment[0], Int_Rate / 4, Time)
This example uses variables in place of actual
numeric values or expressions.
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Financial Functions
FormCalc User Reference
IPmt
63
IPmt
Returns the amount of interest paid on a loan over a set period of time.
Note: Interest rate calculation methods differ from country to country. This function calculates an interest
rate based on U.S. interest rate standards.
Syntax
IPmt(n1, n2, n3, n4, n5)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression representing the principal amount of the loan.
n2
A numeric value or expression representing the annual interest rate of the investment.
n3
A numeric value or expression representing the monthly payment amount.
n4
A numeric value or expression representing the first month in which a payment will be
made.
n5
A numeric value or expression representing the number of months for which to
calculate.
The function returns an error if either of the following conditions are true:
●
n1, n2, or n3 are negative or 0.
●
Either n4 or n5 are negative.
If any parameter is null, the function returns null. If the payment amount (n3) is less than the monthly
interest load, the function returns 0.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the IPmt function:
Expression
Returns
IPmt(30000, 0.085, 295.50, 7, 3)
624.8839283142. The amount of interest repaid
on a $30000 loan at 8.5% for the three months
between the seventh month and the tenth month
of the loan’s term.
IPmt(160000, 0.0475, 980, 24, 12)
7103.80833569485. The amount of interest
repaid during the third year of the loan.
IPmt(15000, 0.065, 65.50, 15, 1)
0, because the monthly payment is less than the
interest the loan accrues during the month.
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Financial Functions
FormCalc User Reference
NPV
64
NPV
Returns the net present value of an investment based on a discount rate and a series of periodic future
cash flows.
Note: Interest rate calculation methods differ from country to country. This function calculates an interest
rate based on U.S. interest rate standards.
Syntax
NPV(n1, n2 [, ...])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression representing the discount rate over a single period.
n2
A numeric value or expression representing a cash flow value, which must occur at
the end of a period. It is important that the values specified in n2 and beyond are
in the correct sequence.
The function returns an error if n1 is negative or 0. If any of the parameters are null, the function returns
null.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the NPV function:
Expression
Returns
NPV(0.065, 5000)
4694.83568075117, which is the net present
value of an investment earning 6.5% per year
that will generate $5000.
NPV(0.10, 500, 1500, 4000, 10000)
11529.60863329007, which is the net
present value of an investment earning 10% a
year that will generate $500, $1500, $4000, and
$10,000 in each of the next four years.
NPV(0.0275 / 12, 50, 60, 40, 100, 25)
273.14193838457, which is the net present
value of an investment earning 2.75% year that
will generate $50, $60, $40, $100, and $25 in
each of the next five months.
Pmt
Returns the payment for a loan based on constant payments and a constant interest rate.
Note: Interest rate calculation methods differ from country to country. This function calculates an interest
rate based on U.S. interest rate standards.
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Financial Functions
FormCalc User Reference
PPmt
65
Syntax
Pmt(n1, n2, n3)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression representing the principal amount of the loan.
n2
A numeric value or expression representing the interest rate per period of the
investment.
n3
A numeric value or expression representing the total number of payment periods.
The function returns an error if any parameter is negative or 0. If any parameter is null, the function returns
null.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Pmt function:
Expression
Returns
Pmt(150000, 0.0475 / 12, 25 * 12)
855.17604207164, which is the monthly
payment on a $150,000 loan at 4.75% annual
interest, repayable over 25 years.
Pmt(25000, 0.085, 12)
3403.82145169876, which is the annual
payment on a $25,000 loan at 8.5% annual
interest, repayable over 12 years.
PPmt
Returns the amount of principal paid on a loan over a period of time.
Note: Interest rate calculation methods differ from country to country. This function calculates an interest
rate based on US interest rate standards.
Syntax
PPmt(n1, n2, n3, n4, n5)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression representing the principal amount of the loan.
n2
A numeric value or expression representing the annual interest rate.
n3
A numeric value or expression representing the amount of the monthly payment.
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Financial Functions
FormCalc User Reference
PV
Parameter
Description
n4
A numeric value or expression representing the first month in which a payment
will be made.
n5
A numeric value or expression representing the number of months for which to
calculate.
66
The function returns an error if either of the following conditions are true:
●
n1, n2, or n3 are negative or 0.
●
Either n4 or n5 is negative.
If any parameter is null, the function returns null. If the payment amount (n3) is less than the monthly
interest load, the function returns 0.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the PPmt function:
Expression
Returns
PPmt(30000, 0.085, 295.50, 7, 3)
261.6160716858, which is the amount of
principal repaid on a $30,000 loan at 8.5% for the
three months between the seventh month and
the tenth month of the loan’s term.
PPmt(160000, 0.0475, 980, 24, 12)
4656.19166430515, which is the amount of
principal repaid during the third year of the loan.
PPmt(15000, 0.065, 65.50, 15, 1)
0, because in this case the monthly payment is less
than the interest the loan accrues during the
month, therefore, no part of the principal is repaid.
PV
Returns the present value of an investment of periodic constant payments at a constant interest rate.
Note: Interest rate calculation methods differ from country to country. This function calculates an interest
rate based on U.S. interest rate standards.
Syntax
PV(n1, n2, n3)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression representing the payment amount.
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Financial Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Rate
67
Parameter
Description
n2
A numeric value or expression representing the interest per period of the
investment.
n3
A numeric value or expression representing the total number of payment periods.
The function returns an error if either n1 or n3 is negative or 0. If any parameter is null, the function returns
null.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the PV function:
Expression
Returns
PV(400, 0.10 / 12, 30 * 12)
45580.32799074439. This is the value after
30 years, of a $400 a month investment
growing at 10% annually.
PV(1000, 0.075 / 4, 10 * 4)
58791.96145535981. This is the value after
ten years of a $1000 a month investment
growing at 7.5% a quarter.
PV(Payment[0], Int_Rate / 4, Time)
This example uses variables in place of actual
numeric values or expressions.
Rate
Returns the compound interest rate per period required for an investment to grow from present to future
value in a given period.
Note: Interest rate calculation methods differ from country to country. This function calculates an interest
rate based on U.S. interest rate standards.
Syntax
Rate(n1, n2, n3)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression representing the future value of the investment.
n2
A numeric value or expression representing the present value of the investment.
n3
A numeric value or expression representing the total number of investment periods.
The function returns an error if any parameter is negative or 0. If any parameter is null, the function returns
null.
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Term
68
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Rate function:
Expression
Returns
Rate(12000, 8000, 5)
0.0844717712 (or 8.45%), which is
the interest rate per period needed for
an $8000 present value to grow to
$12,000 in five periods.
Rate(10000, 0.25 * 5000, 4 * 12)
0.04427378243 (or 4.43%), which is
the interest rate per month needed for
the present value to grow to $10,000 in
four years.
Rate(Target_Value, Pres_Value[*], Term * 12)
This example uses variables in place of
actual numeric values or expressions.
Term
Returns the number of periods needed to reach a given future value from periodic constant payments into
an interest bearing account.
Note: Interest rate calculation methods differ from country to country. This function calculates an interest
rate based on U.S. interest rate standards.
Syntax
Term(n1, n2, n3)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
A numeric value or expression representing the payment amount made at the end of
each period.
n2
A numeric value or expression representing the interest rate per period of the
investment.
n3
A numeric value or expression representing the future value of the investment.
The function returns an error if any parameter is negative or 0. If any parameter is null, the function returns
null.
Note: FormCalc follows the IEEE-754 international standard when handling floating point numeric values.
For more information, see “Number literals” on page 9.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Term function:
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Financial Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Term
Expression
Returns
Term(475, .05, 1500)
3.00477517728 (or roughly
3), which is the number of
periods needed to grow a
payment of $475 into $1500,
with an interest rate of 5% per
period.
Term(2500, 0.0275 + 0.0025, 5000)
1.97128786369, which is the
number of periods needed to
grow payments of $2500 into
$5000, with an interest rate of
3% per period.
Rate(Inv_Value[0], Int_Rate + 0.0050, Target_Value)
This example uses variables in
place of actual numeric values
or expressions. In this case, the
first occurrence of the variable
Inv_Value is used as the
payment amount, half a
percentage point is added to
the variable Int_Rate to use
as the interest rate, and the
variable Target_Value is
used as the future value of the
investment.
69
7
Logical Functions
These functions are useful for testing and/or analyzing information to obtain a true or false result.
Functions
●
“Choose” on page 70
●
“Exists” on page 71
●
“HasValue” on page 71
●
“Oneof” on page 72
●
“Within” on page 73
Choose
Selects a value from a given set of parameters.
Syntax
Choose(n, s1 [, s2 ...])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n
The position of the value you want to select within the set. If this value is not a
whole number, the function rounds n down to the nearest whole value.
The function returns an empty string if either of the following conditions is true:
●
n is less than 1.
●
n is greater than the number of items in the set.
If n is null, the function returns null.
s1
The first value in the set of values.
s2 (Optional)
Additional values in the set.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Choose function:
Expression
Returns
Choose(3, "Taxes", "Price", "Person", "Teller")
Person
Choose(2, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1)
9
70
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Exists
71
Expression
Returns
Choose(Item_Num[0], Items[*])
Returns the value within
the set Items that
corresponds to the position
defined by the first
occurrence of Item_Num.
Choose(20/3, "A", "B", "C", "D", "E", "F", "G", "H")
F
Exists
Determines whether the given parameter is a reference syntax to an existing object.
Syntax
Exists(v)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
v
A valid reference syntax expression.
If v is not a reference syntax, the function returns false (0).
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Exists function:
Expression
Returns
Exists(Item)
True (1) if the object Item exists and false (0)
otherwise.
Exists("hello world")
False (0). The string is not a reference syntax.
Exists(Invoice.Border.Edge[1].Color)
True (1) if the object Invoice exists and has a
Border property, which in turn has at least one
Edge property, which in turn has a Color
property. Otherwise, the function returns false (0).
HasValue
Determines whether the given parameter is a reference syntax with a non-null, non-empty, or non-blank
value.
Syntax
HasValue(v)
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Logical Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Oneof
72
Parameters
Parameter
Description
v
A valid reference syntax expression.
If v is not a reference syntax, the function returns false (0).
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the HasValue function.
Expression
Returns
HasValue(2)
True (1)
HasValue(" ")
False (0)
HasValue(Amount[*])
Error
HasValue(Amount[0])
Evaluates the first occurrence of Amount and returns true (1) if it is a
non-null, non-empty, or non-blank value.
Oneof
Determines whether the given value is within a set.
Syntax
Oneof(s1, s2 [, s3 ...])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
The position of the value you want to select within the set. If this value is not a
whole number, the function rounds s1 down to the nearest whole value.
s2
The first value in the set of values.
s3 (Optional)
Additional values in the set.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Oneof function:
Expression
Returns
Oneof(3, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1)
True (1)
Oneof("John", "Bill", "Gary", "Joan", "John", "Lisa")
True (1)
Oneof(3, 1, 25)
False(0)
Oneof("loan", Fields[*])
Verifies whether any
occurrence of Fields has
a value of loan.
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Logical Functions
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Within
73
Within
Determines whether the given value is within a given range.
Syntax
Within(s1, s2, s3)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
The value to test for.
If s1 is a number, the ordering comparison is numeric.
If s1 is not a number, the ordering comparison uses the collating sequence for the
current locale. For more information, see “Locales” on page 42.
If s1 is null, the function returns null.
s2
The lower bound of the test range.
s3
The upper bound of the test range.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Within function:
Expression
Returns
Within("C", "A", "D")
True (1)
Within(1.5, 0, 2)
True (1)
Within(-1, 0, 2)
False (0)
Within($, 1, 10)
True (1) if the current value is between 1 and 10.
8
Miscellaneous Functions
Functions in this section do not fit within any other particular function category and are useful in a variety
of applications.
Functions
●
“Eval” on page 74
●
“Null” on page 75
●
“Ref” on page 75
●
“UnitType” on page 76
●
“UnitValue” on page 77
Eval
Returns the value of a given form calculation.
Syntax
Eval(s)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s
A valid string representing an expression or list of expressions.
Note: The Eval function cannot refer to user-defined variables and functions. For
example:
var s = "var t = concat(s, ""hello"")"
eval(s)
In this case, the Eval function does not recognize s, and so returns an error. Any
subsequent functions that make reference to the variable s also fail.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Eval function:
Expression
Returns
eval("10*3+5*4")
50
eval("hello")
error
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Null
75
Null
Returns the null value. The null value means no value.
Definition
Null()
Parameters
None
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Null function:
Expression
Returns
Null()
null
Null() + 5
5
Quantity = Null()
Assigns null to the object Quantity.
Concat("ABC", Null(), "DEF")
ABCDEF
See also “Concat” on page 79.
Ref
Returns a reference to an existing object.
Definition
Ref(v)
Parameters
Parameters
Description
v
A valid string representing a reference syntax, property, method, or function.
Note: If the given parameter is null, the function returns the null reference. For all
other given parameters, the function generates an error exception.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Ref function:
Expressions
Returns
Ref("10*3+5*4")
10*3+5*4
Ref("hello")
hello
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FormCalc User Reference
UnitType
76
UnitType
Returns the units of a unitspan. A unitspan is a string consisting of a number followed by a unit name.
Syntax
UnitType(s)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s
A valid string containing a numeric value and a valid unit of measurement
(unitspan). Recognized units of measurement are:
●
in, inches
●
mm, millimeters
●
cm, centimeters
●
pt, picas, points
●
mp, millipoints
If s is invalid, the function returns in.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the UnitType function:
Expression
Results
UnitType("36 in")
in
UnitType("2.54centimeters")
cm
UnitType("picas")
pt
UnitType("2.cm")
cm
UnitType("2.zero cm")
in
UnitType("kilometers")
in
UnitType(Size[0])
Returns the measurement value of the first occurrence of Size.
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Miscellaneous Functions
FormCalc User Reference
UnitValue
UnitValue
Returns the numerical value of a measurement with its associated unitspan, after an optional unit
conversion. A unitspan is a string consisting of a number followed by a valid unit of measurement.
Syntax
UnitValue(s1 [, s2 ])
Parameters
Parameters
Description
s1
A valid string containing a numeric value and a valid unit of measurement
(unitspan). Recognized units of measurement are:
s2 (optional)
●
in, inches
●
mm, millimeters
●
cm, centimeters
●
pt, picas, points
●
mp, millipoints
A string containing a valid unit of measurement. The function converts the
unitspan specified in s1 to this new unit of measurement.
If you do not include a value for s2, the function uses the unit of measurement
specified in s1. If s2 is invalid, the function converts s1 into inches.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the UnitValue function:
Expression
Returns
UnitValue("2in")
2
UnitValue("2in", "cm")
5.08
UnitValue("6", "pt")
432
UnitValue("A", "cm")
0
UnitValue(Size[2], "mp")
Returns the measurement value of the third
occurrence of Size converted into millipoints.
UnitValue("5.08cm", "kilograms")
2
77
9
String Functions
Functions in this section deal with the manipulation, evaluation, and creation of string values.
Functions
●
“At” on page 78
●
“Concat” on page 79
●
“Decode” on page 80
●
“Encode” on page 80
●
“Format” on page 81
●
“Left” on page 82
●
“Len” on page 83
●
“Lower” on page 84
●
“Ltrim” on page 84
●
“Parse” on page 85
●
“Replace” on page 85
●
“Right” on page 86
●
“Rtrim” on page 87
●
“Space” on page 87
●
“Str” on page 88
●
“Stuff” on page 89
●
“Substr” on page 89
●
“Uuid” on page 90
●
“Upper” on page 91
●
“WordNum” on page 92
At
Locates the starting character position of a string within another string.
Syntax
At(s1, s2)
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Concat
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
The source string.
s2
The search string.
If s2 is not a part of s1, the function returns 0.
If s2 is empty, the function returns 1.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the At function:
Expression
Returns
At("ABCDEFGH", "AB")
1
At("ABCDEFGH", "F")
6
At(23412931298471, 29)
5, the first occurrence of 29 within the source string.
At(Ltrim(Cust_Info[0]), "555")
The location of the string 555 within the first occurrence
of Cust_Info.
See also “Ltrim” on page 84.
Concat
Returns the concatenation of two or more strings.
Syntax
Concat(s1 [, s2 ...])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
The first string in the set.
s2 (Optional)
Additional strings to append to the set.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Concat function:
Expression
Returns
Concat("ABC", "DEF")
ABCDEF
79
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Decode
Expression
Returns
Concat("Tony", Space(1), "Blue")
Tony Blue
80
See also “Space” on page 87.
Concat("You owe ", WordNum(1154.67, 2), ".")
You owe One Thousand One
Hundred Fifty-four Dollars
And Sixty-seven Cents.
See also “WordNum” on page 92.
Decode
Returns the decoded version of a given string.
Syntax
Decode(s1 [, s2 ])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
The string to decode.
s2 (Optional)
A string identifying the type of decoding to perform. The following strings are
valid decoding strings:
●
url (URL decoding)
●
html (HTML decoding)
●
xml (XML decoding)
If you do not include a value for s2, the function uses URL decoding.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Decode function:
Expression
Returns
Decode("&AElig;&Aacute;&Acirc;&Aacute;
&Acirc;", "html")
ÆÁÂÁÂ
Decode("[email protected]#$%^&amp;*()_+|`{&quot;}[]
&lt;&gt;?,./;&apos;:", "xml")
[email protected]#$%^&*()_+|`{""}[]<>?,./;':
Encode
Returns the encoded version of a given string.
Syntax
Encode(s1 [, s2 ])
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String Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Format
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
The string to encode.
s2 (Optional)
A string identifying the type of encoding to perform. The following strings are
valid encoding strings:
●
url (URL encoding)
●
html (HTML encoding)
●
xml (XML encoding)
If you do not include a value for s2, the function uses URL encoding.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Encode function:
Expression
Returns
Encode("""hello, world!""", "url")
%22hello,%20world!%22
Encode("ÁÂÃÄÅÆ", "html")
&#xc1;&#Xc2;&#Xc3;&#xc4;&#xc5;&#xc6;
Format
Formats the given data according to the specified picture format string.
Syntax
Format(s1, s2 [, s3 ...])
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Left
82
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
The picture format string, which may be a locale-sensitive date or time format. See
“Locales” on page 42.
s2
The source data to format.
For date picture formats, the source data must be either an ISO date-time string or
an ISO date string in one of two formats:
●
YYYY[MM[DD]]
●
YYYY[-MM[-DD]]
For time picture formats, the source data must be either an ISO date-time string or
an ISO time string in one of the following formats:
●
HH[MM[SS[.FFF][z]]]
●
HH[MM[SS[.FFF][+HH[MM]]]]
●
HH[MM[SS[.FFF][-HH[MM]]]]
●
HH[:MM[:SS[.FFF][z]
●
HH[:MM[:SS[.FFF][-HH[:MM]]]]
●
HH[:MM[:SS[.FFF][+HH[:MM]]]]
For date-time picture formats, the source data must be an ISO date-time string.
For numeric picture formats, the source data must be numeric.
For text picture formats, the source data must be textual.
For compound picture formats, the number of source data arguments must match
the number of subelements in the picture.
s3 (Optional)
Additional source data to format.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Format function:
Expression
Returns
Format("MMM D, YYYY", "20020901")
Sep 1, 2002
Format("$9,999,999.99", 1234567.89)
$1,234,567.89 in the U.S. and
1 234 567,89 Euros in France.
Left
Extracts a specified number of characters from a string, starting with the first character on the left.
Syntax
Left(s, n)
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
String Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Len
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s
The string to extract from.
n
The number of characters to extract.
If the number of characters to extract is greater than the length of the string, the
function returns the whole string.
If the number of characters to extract is 0 or less, the function returns the empty string.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Left function:
Expression
Returns
Left("ABCDEFGH", 3)
ABC
Left("Tony Blue", 5)
"Tony "
Left(Telephone[0], 3)
The first three characters of the first occurrence of Telephone.
Left(Rtrim(Last_Name), 3)
The first three characters of Last_Name.
See also “Rtrim” on page 87.
Len
Returns the number of characters in a given string.
Syntax
Len(s)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s
The string to examine.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Len function:
Expression
Returns
Len("ABDCEFGH")
8
Len(4)
1
Len(Str(4.532, 6, 4))
6
See also “Str” on page 88.
Len(Amount[*])
The number of characters in the first occurrence of Amount.
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Lower
84
Lower
Converts all uppercase characters within a specified string to lowercase characters.
Syntax
Lower(s, [, k ])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s
The string to convert.
k (Optional)
A string representing a valid locale. If you do not include a value for k, the function
uses the ambient locale.
See also “Locales” on page 42.
Note: This function only converts the Unicode characters U+41 through U+5A (of
the ASCII character set) as well as the characters U+FF21 through U+FF3A
(of the fullwidth character set)
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Lower function:
Expression
Returns
Lower("ABC")
abc
Lower("21 Main St.")
21 main st.
Lower(15)
15
Lower(Address[0])
This example converts the first occurrence of Address to all
lowercase letters.
Ltrim
Returns a string with all leading white space characters removed.
White space characters include the ASCII space, horizontal tab, line feed, vertical tab, form feed, carriage
return, and the Unicode space characters (Unicode category Zs).
Syntax
Ltrim(s)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s
The string to trim.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Ltrim function:
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
String Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Parse
Expression
85
Returns
Ltrim("
ABCD")
Ltrim(Rtrim("
"ABCD"
Tony Blue
"))
"Tony Blue"
See also “Rtrim” on page 87.
Removes any leading white space
from the first occurrence of Address.
Ltrim(Address[0])
Parse
Analyzes the given data according to the given picture format.
Parsing data successfully results in one of the following values:
●
Date picture format: An ISO date string of the form YYYY-MM-DD.
●
Time picture format: An ISO time string of the form HH:MM:SS.
●
Date-time picture format: An ISO date-time string of the form YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS.
●
Numeric picture format: A number.
●
Text pictures: Text.
Syntax
Parse(s1, s2 )
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
A valid date or time picture format string.
For more information on date and time formats, see “Structuring dates and times”
on page 42.
s2
The string data to parse.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Parse function:
Expression
Returns
Parse("MMM D, YYYY", "Sep 1, 2002")
2002-09-01
Parse("$9,999,999.99", "$1,234,567.89")
1234567.89 in the U.S.
Replace
Replaces all occurrences of one string with another within a specified string.
Syntax
Replace(s1, s2 [, s3 ])
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
String Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Right
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
A source string.
s2
The string to replace.
s3 (Optional)
The replacement string.
If you do not include a value for s3, or if s3 is null, the function uses an empty
string.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Replace function:
Expression
Returns
Replace("Tony Blue", "Tony", "Chris")
Chris Blue
Replace("ABCDEFGH", "D")
ABCEFGH
Replace("ABCDEFGH", "d")
ABCDEFGH
Replace(Comments[0], "recieve", "receive")
Correctly updates the spelling of the
word receive in the first occurrence
of Comments.
Right
Extracts a number of characters from a given string, beginning with the last character on the right.
Syntax
Right(s, n )
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s
The string to extract.
n
The number of characters to extract.
If n is greater than the length of the string, the function returns the whole string.
If n is 0 or less, the function returns an empty string.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Right function:
Expression
Returns
Right("ABCDEFGH", 3)
FGH
Right("Tony Blue", 5)
" Blue"
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Rtrim
Expression
Returns
Right(Telephone[0], 7)
The last seven characters of the first occurrence of
Telephone.
Right(Rtrim(CreditCard_Num), 4)
The last four characters of CreditCard_Num.
See also “Rtrim” on page 87.
Rtrim
Returns a string with all trailing white space characters removed.
White space characters include the ASCII space, horizontal tab, line feed, vertical tab, form feed, carriage
return, and the Unicode space characters (Unicode category Zs).
Syntax
Rtrim(s )
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s
The string to trim.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Rtrim function:
Expression
Returns
Rtrim("ABCD
")
Rtrim("Tony Blue
Rtrim(Address[0])
"ABCD"
")
"Tony Blue"
Removes any trailing white space from the first
occurrence of Address.
Space
Returns a string consisting of a given number of blank spaces.
Syntax
Space(n )
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n
The number of blank spaces.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Space function:
87
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Str
88
Expression
Returns
Space(5)
"
Space(Max(Amount[*]))
A blank string with as many characters as the value
of the largest occurrence of Amount.
"
See also “Max” on page 37.
Concat("Tony", Space(1), "Blue")
Tony Blue
Str
Converts a number to a character string. FormCalc formats the result to the specified width and rounds to
the specified number of decimal places.
Syntax
Str(n1 [, n2 [, n3 ]])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
The number to convert.
n2 (Optional)
The maximum width of the string. If you do not include a value for n2, the function
uses a value of 10 as the default width.
If the resulting string is longer than n2, the function returns a string of * (asterisk)
characters of the width specified by n2.
n3 (Optional)
The number of digits to appear after the decimal point. If you do not include a
value for n3, the function uses 0 as the default precision.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Str function:
Expression
Returns
Str(2.456)
"
Str(4.532, 6, 4)
4.5320
Str(234.458, 4)
" 234"
Str(31.2345, 4, 2)
****
Str(Max(Amount[*]), 6, 2)
Converts the largest occurrence of Amount to a
six-character string with two decimal places.
2"
See also “Max” on page 37.
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String Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Stuff
89
Stuff
Inserts a string into another string.
Syntax
Stuff(s1, n1, n2 [, s2 ])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
The source string.
n1
The position in s1 to insert the new string s2.
If n1 is less than one, the function assumes the first character position. If n1 is greater
than length of s1, the function assumes the last character position.
n2
The number of characters to delete from string s1, starting at character position n1.
If n2 is less than or equal to 0, the function assumes 0 characters.
s2 (Optional)
The string to insert into s1.
If you do not include a value for s2, the function uses the empty string.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Stuff function:
Expression
Returns
Stuff("TonyBlue", 5, 0, " ")
Tony Blue
Stuff("ABCDEFGH", 4, 2)
ABCFGH
Stuff(Address[0], Len(Address[0]), 0, "Street")
This adds the word Street onto
the end of the first occurrence of
Address.
See also “Len” on page 83.
Stuff("[email protected]", 0, 0, "cc:"
Substr
Extracts a portion of a given string.
Syntax
Substr(s1, n1, n2 )
cc:[email protected]
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Uuid
90
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
The source string.
n1
The position in string s1 to start extracting.
If n1 is less than one, the function assumes the first character position. If n1 is
greater than length of s1, the function assumes the last character position.
n2
The number of characters to extract.
If n2 is less than or equal to 0, FormCalc returns an empty string. If n1 + n2 is
greater than the length of s1, the function returns the substring starting at
position n1 to the end of s1.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Substr function:
Expression
Returns
Substr("ABCDEFG", 3, 4)
CDEF
Substr(3214, 2, 1)
2
Substr(Last_Name[0], 1, 3)
Returns the first three characters from the first
occurrence of Last_Name.
Substr("ABCDEFG", 5, 0)
""
Substr("21 Waterloo St.", 4, 5)
Water
Uuid
Returns a Universally Unique Identifier (UUID) string to use as an identification method.
Syntax
Uuid([n ])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n
A number identifying the format of the UUID string. Valid numbers are:
●
0 (default value): UUID string only contains hex octets.
●
1: UUID string contains dash characters separating the sequences of hex octets
at fixed positions.
If you do not include a value for n, the function uses the default value.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of the Uuid function:
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
String Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Upper
Expression
Returns
Uuid()
A value such as 3c3400001037be8996c400a0c9c86dd5
Uuid(0)
A value such as 3c3400001037be8996c400a0c9c86dd5
Uuid(1)
A value such as 1a3ac000-3dde-f352-96c4-00a0c9c86dd5
Uuid(7)
A value such as 1a3ac000-3dde-f352-96c4-00a0c9c86dd5
91
Upper
Converts all lowercase characters within a string to uppercase.
Syntax
Upper(s [, k ])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s
The string to convert.
k (Optional)
A string representing a valid locale. If you do not include a value for k, the ambient
locale is used.
See also “Locales” on page 42.
Note: This function only converts the Unicode characters U+61 through U+7A (of
the ASCII character set) as well as the characters U+FF41 through U+FF5A
(of the fullwidth character set).
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Upper function:
Expression
Returns
Upper("abc")
ABC
Upper("21 Main St.")
21 MAIN ST.
Upper(15)
15
Upper(Address[0])
This example converts the first occurrence of Address to all
uppercase letters.
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
String Functions
FormCalc User Reference
WordNum
92
WordNum
Returns the English text equivalent of a given number.
Syntax
WordNum(n1 [, n2 [, k ]])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
n1
The number to convert.
If any of the following statements is true, the function returns * (asterisk)
characters to indicate an error:
n2 (Optional)
●
n1 is not a number.
●
The integral value of n1 is negative.
●
The integral value of n1 is greater than 922,337,203,685,477,550.
A number identifying the formatting option. Valid numbers are:
●
0 (default value): The number is converted into text representing the simple
number.
●
1: The number is converted into text representing the monetary value with no
fractional digits.
●
2: The number is converted into text representing the monetary value with
fractional digits.
If you do not include a value for n2, the function uses the default value (0).
k (Optional)
A string representing a valid locale. If you do not include a value for k, the function
uses the ambient locale.
See also “Locales” on page 42.
Note: As of this release, it is not possible to specify a locale identifier other than
English for this function.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the WordNum function.
Expression
Returns
WordNum(123.45)
One Hundred and Twenty-three Dollars
WordNum(123.45, 1)
One Hundred and Twenty-three Dollars
WordNum(1154.67, 2)
One Thousand One Hundred Fifty-four Dollars And
Sixty-seven Cents
WordNum(43, 2)
Forty-three Dollars And Zero Cents
WordNum(Amount[0], 2)
This example uses the first occurrence of Amount as the
conversion number.
10
URL Functions
These functions deal with the sending and receiving of information, including content types and encoding
data, to any accessible URL locations.
Functions
●
“Get” on page 93
●
“Post” on page 93
●
“Put” on page 95
Get
Downloads the contents of the given URL.
Note: The Get function only runs if a form is certified. Adobe Acrobat® and Adobe Reader® cannot verify
that the form is certified until after the initialize event initiates. To use the Get function on
certified forms prior to the form rendering, use the docReady event.
Syntax
Get(s)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s
The URL to download.
If the function is unable to download the URL, it returns an error.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Get function.
Expression
Returns
Get("http://www.myweb.com/data/mydata.xml")
XML data taken from the specified file.
Get("ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/GPL")
The contents of the GNU Public License.
Get("http://intranet?sql=SELECT+*+FROM+
projects+FOR+XML+AUTO,+ELEMENTS")
The results of an SQL query to the
specified website.
Post
Posts the given data to the specified URL.
Note: The Post function only runs if a form is certified. Acrobat and Adobe Reader cannot verify that the
form is certified until after the initialize event initiates. To use the Post function on certified
forms prior to the form rendering, use the docReady event.
93
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
URL Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Post
94
Syntax
Post(s1, s2 [, s3 [, s4 [, s5 ]]])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
The URL to post to.
s2
The data to post.
If the function cannot post the data, it returns an error.
s3 (Optional)
A string containing the content type of the data to post. Here are valid content types:
●
application/octet-stream (default value)
●
text/html
●
text/xml
●
text/plain
●
multipart/form-data
●
application/x-www-form-urlencoded
●
Any other valid MIME type
If you do not include a value for s3, the function sets the content type to the default
value. The application ensures that the data to post uses the correct format according
to the specified content type.
s4 (Optional)
A string containing the name of the code page used to encode the data. Here are valid
code page names:
●
UTF-8 (default value)
●
UTF-16
●
ISO-8859-1
●
Any character encoding listed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
If you do not include a value for s4, the function sets the code page to the default
value. The application ensures that encoding of the data to post matches the specified
code page.
s5 (Optional)
A string containing any additional HTTP headers to be included with the posting of the
data.
If you do not include a value for s5, the function does not include an additional HTTP
header in the post.
SOAP servers usually require a SOAPAction header when posting to them.
Examples
The following expressions are examples of using the Post function:
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
URL Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Put
95
Expression
Returns
Post("http://tools_build/scripts/jfecho.cgi",
"user=joe&passwd=xxxxx&date=27/08/2002",
"application/x-www-form-urlencoded")
Posts some URL encoded
login data to a server and
returns that server's
acknowledgement page.
Post("http://www.nanonull.com/TimeService/
TimeService.asmx/getLocalTime", "<?xml version='1.0'
encoding='UTF-8'?><soap:Envelope><soap:Body>
<getLocalTime/></soap:Body>
</soap:Envelope>", "text/xml", "utf-8",
"http://www.Nanonull.com/TimeService/getLocalTime")
Posts a SOAP request for the
local time to some server,
expecting an XML response
back.
Put
Uploads the given data to the specified URL.
Note: The Put function only runs if a form is certified. Acrobat and Adobe Reader cannot verify that the
form is certified until after the initialize event initiates. To use the Put function on certified
forms prior to the form rendering, use the docReady event.
Syntax
Put(s1, s2 [, s3 ])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
s1
The URL to upload.
s2
The data to upload.
If the function is unable to upload the data, it returns an error.
s3 (Optional)
A string containing the name of the code page used to encode the data. Here are valid
code page names:
●
UTF-8 (default value)
●
UTF-16
●
ISO8859-1
●
Any character encoding listed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
If you do not include a value for s3, the function sets the code page to the default
value. The application ensures that encoding of the data to upload matches the
specified code page.
Examples
The following expressions is an example of using the Put function:
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
URL Functions
FormCalc User Reference
Put
96
Expression
Returns
Put("ftp://www.example.com/pub/fubu.xml",
"<?xml version='1.0'
encoding='UTF-8'?><msg>hello world!</msg>")
Nothing if the FTP server has permitted
the user to upload some XML data to the
pub/fubu.xml file. Otherwise, this
function returns an error.
Index
A
E
Abs (arithmetic function) 34
alphabetical functions, FormCalc list of 30
ambient locale 46
Apr (financial function) 60
array referencing 27
assignment expressions, FormCalc 16
At (string function) 78
Avg (arithmetic function) 35
empty string 10
Encode (string function) 80
epoch, FormCalc 46
equality expressions, FormCalc 18
escape sequence, Unicode 10
Eval (miscellaneous function) 74
Exists (logical function) 71
expressions
FormCalc 14
B
blank spaces, string 87
Boolean operations 15
break expressions, FormCalc 22
C
Ceil (arithmetic function) 35
characters
converting case 84, 91
extracting from a string 82, 86
removing white space from a string 84, 87
starting position 78
Choose (logical function) 70
comments, FormCalc 11
Concat (string function) 79
conditional statements, FormCalc 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
continue expressions, FormCalc 23
converting
character case 84, 91
numbers to a string 88
numbers to text 92
time strings to numbers 58
Count (arithmetic function) 36
CTerm (financial function) 61
D
date formats
about 46
FormCalc 47
string 52, 54
Date function 51
date/time field object
symbols to create patterns for 47
Date2Num function 51
DateFmt function 52
Decode (string function) 80
default locale 46
downloading URL contents 93
F
Floor (arithmetic function) 36
for expressions, FormCalc 21
foreach expressions, FormCalc 22
Format (string function) 81
FormCalc
built-in functions 29
comments 11
expressions 14
function calls, FormCalc 29
identifiers 13
language locales 42
line terminators 13
literals 9
logical expressions 17
operators 11
reference syntax shortcuts 24
restricted keywords 12
variables 23
white space characters 14
FormCalc functions
alphabetical list 30
function calls, FormCalc 29
FV (financial function) 62
G
Get (URL function) 93
H
HasValue (logical function) 71
I
identification, unique 90
identifiers, FormCalc 13, 42
if expressions, FormCalc 19
inequality expressions, FormCalc 18
IPmt (financial function) 63
IsoDate2Num function 53
IsoTime2Num function 53
97
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Index
FormCalc User Reference
J
joining strings 79
K
keywords, FormCalc restricted 12
L
language locale
about 42
Left (string function) 82
Len (string function) 83
line terminators, FormCalc 13
literals, FormCalc 9
LocalDateFmt function 54
locales 42
about 42
See also language locales
LocalTimeFmt function 54
logical expressions, FormCalc 17
Lower (string function) 84
Ltrim (string function) 84
M
Max (arithmetic function) 37
Min (arithmetic function) 38
Mod (arithmetic function) 39
modulus 39
N
NPV (financial function) 64
Null (miscellaneous function) 75
null values 36
Num2Date function 55
Num2GMTime function 56
Num2Time function 57
number literals, FormCalc 9
numbers
converting to a string 88
converting to text 92
numeric operations 15
O
Oneof (logical function) 72
operands, promoting 15
operators, FormCalc 11
P
Parse (string function) 85
patterns
date and time 47
picture formats
applying 81
date and time 47
parsing according to 85
Pmt (financial function) 64
Post (URL function) 93
98
posting data to URLs 93
PPmt (financial function) 65
Put (URL function) 95
PV (financial function) 66
R
Rate (financial function) 67
Ref (miscellaneous function) 75
reference syntax
about 24
shortcuts 24
shortcuts for FormCalc 24
relational expressions, FormCalc 19
removing white space characters 84, 87
Replace (string function) 85
Right (string function) 86
Round (arithmetic function) 40
Rtrim (string function) 87
S
scripting, about 8
shortcuts, reference syntax 24
simple expressions, FormCalc 15
Space (string function) 87
Str (string function) 88
string literals, FormCalc 10
string operations 15
Stuff (string function) 89
Substr (string function) 89
Sum (arithmetic function) 41
symbols for date and time patterns 47
syntax, referencing 24
T
Term (financial function) 68
terminators, line, FormCalc 13
time formats
about 47
FormCalc 47
string 54, 59
Time function 57
Time2Num function 58
TimeFmt function 59
U
unary expressions, FormCalc 17
Unicode escape sequence 10
UnitType (miscellaneous function) 76
UnitValue (miscellaneous function) 77
Universally Unique Identifier (UUID) 90
uploading data to URLs 95
Upper (string function) 91
Uuid (string function) 90
V
variables
FormCalc 23
Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES
Index
FormCalc User Reference
W
while expressions, FormCalc 20
white space
about 14
99
removing from string 84, 87
Within (logical function) 73
WordNum (string function) 92
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