API Audio Accessories 7-22-10 Specifications

PROJ ECT MANUAL
East Centr al Regional Water Reclamation Facility
Emer gency Power Plant Upgr ades
Electr ical Systems and Str uctur al Pr oject
Pr oject #1
September 2012
Prepared by:
Mock, Roos & Associates, Inc.
Engineers-Surveyors-Planners
5720 Corporate Way
West Palm Beach, Florida
Engineer's Project
No. W1200.13
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SPECIFICATIONS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
NUMBER
NO. OF
PAGES
TITLE
DIVISION 1 - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
01001
General Requirements ............................................................................................
6
01720
Record Documents .................................................................................................
4
DIVISION 2 - SITE WORK
02072
Minor Demolition ..................................................................................................
1
02108
Video-Taping of Existing Conditions .....................................................................
2
DIVISION 3 - CONCRETE
03001
Concrete ..................................................................................................................
7
DIVISION 4 - MASONRY
04220
Concrete Unit Masonry ...........................................................................................
2
DIVISION 9 - FINISHES
09220
Portland Cement Stucco..........................................................................................
2
09900
Painting ...................................................................................................................
10
DIVISION 16 – ELECTRICAL
16201
Diesel Standby Generator .......................................................................................
14
16621
Electrical and Building Modifications for Controls, Starting and Fuel Systems
Retrofit for Gas Turbine Package ...........................................................................
(Specification by Camelot Technology Group)
6
16721
Video System (Specifications by C&W Engineering) ............................................
6
ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria........................................................................................
22
ELSSG01
Low Voltage Metal Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear ...................
16
ELSWC03
600-Volt Power and Control Cable Specifications .................................................
8
ELSWC07
Shielded Power Cable Specification (5 to 46 kV) ..................................................
9
ELSAP20
Low Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch ...............................................................
12
ELSGS01
High-Resistance Grounding System (600 Volts or Below) ....................................
13
ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of New Electrical Equipment ...................................
25
08/20/10
SI-1
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Engineer’s Proj.
No. W1200.13
PROJECT: East Central Regional Water Reclamation Facility
Emergency Power Plant Upgrades
Electrical Systems and Structural Project
SECTION 01001
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.0 PROJECT LOCATION
The East Central Regional Water Reclamation Facility located in West Palm Beach, Florida in
Township 43 South, Range 42 East, Section 11. The street address is 4325 N. Haverhill Road, West
Palm Beach, Florida. See construction drawings (Mock•Roos Dwg. No. 43-42-11-35) for specific
location of the Emergency Power Plant.
2.0 SCOPE OF WORK
A. The Work to be performed by the Contractor includes permitting, inspections, furnishing all
materials, labor, tools, equipment, water, light, power, transportation, superintendence,
temporary construction of every nature, and all other services and facilities of every nature
whatsoever necessary to modify, construct, complete, deliver and place in operation the above
referenced Project as shown on the Drawings and/or as herein described as specified. All Work
to be in accordance with the Contract Documents.
3.0 REFERENCE POINTS
A. Not Used.
4.0 GRADES, DIMENSIONS, AND ELEVATIONS
A. Written dimensions have preference over scaled dimensions.
5.0 EXISTING STRUCTURES AND UTILITIES
A. All known utilities have been shown on the Drawings according to the best information
available. It is the Contractor's responsibility to contact all owners of structures or utilities above
ground, on the surface, or below the ground, within the Project area so that said owners may
stake or otherwise mark or protect their facilities. The Contractor must provide facilities and be
responsible for the protection of all structures, buildings and utilities, underground, on the
surface, or above ground against trenching, dewatering, or any other activity connected with the
Work throughout the entire Contract Time.
B. When structures and utilities have been properly shown or marked and are disturbed or damaged
in the execution of the Work, they must be repaired immediately in conformance with best
standard practice and the approval of the owner of the damaged utility or structure. In the case of
structures and utilities which have not been properly shown or located as outlined above and are
disturbed or damaged in the prosecution of the Work, take whatever steps are necessary for
safety and notify the affected utility owner and avoid any actions which might cause further
damage to the structure or utility.
C. Should the Work require repairs, changes or modifications of the Owner's utilities as well as
other utilities, it is the responsibility of the Contractor to provide for the maintenance of
continuous water, sewage, electric, telephone and other utility services to all present customers
of such utilities, unless approval in writing is secured from the applicable utility company or
Owner for interruption of such service.
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D. Contractor shall be responsible for verifying all vertical and horizontal locations of existing
utilities and structures, whether shown on the Drawings or not, to verify any potential conflicts
prior to ordering any materials.
6.0 SHOP DRAWINGS
A. All Shop Drawings are to be carefully reviewed by the Contractor prior to submission to the
Engineer. Stamp, sign, and date each sheet as being reviewed and approved. All non-approved
submittals will be returned to the Contractor with out action.
B. Identify, in writing, any deviations that the Shop Drawings may have from the requirements of
the Contract Documents.
C. Submit five (5) copies of all Shop drawings to the Engineer for review and approval.
D. Engineer will review the Shop Drawings with reasonable promptness.
E. Review by the Engineer will be only for conformance with the design concept of the Project and
for compliance with the information given in the Contract Documents. Engineer's review will
not extend to means, methods, sequences, techniques or procedures of construction, or to safety
precautions or programs incident thereto.
F. Shop Drawings are defined to mean all drawings, diagrams, illustrations, schedules and other
data which are specifically prepared by Contractor, a Subcontractor, manufacturer, fabricator,
supplier or distributor to illustrate some portion of the Work.
7.0 QUALITY CONTROL
A. Testing Laboratory Services:
All tests, analyses and inspections, which are required in the Specifications and/or Drawings, are
to be performed by a qualified independent testing laboratory and shall be at the Contractor’s
expense, unless otherwise specified. To qualify for acceptance, the Contractor shall demonstrate
to the Engineer, based on evaluation of laboratory-submitted criteria conforming to ASTM E
699, that the independent testing laboratory has the experience and capability to conduct the
required tests, analyses and inspections without delaying the progress of the Work. All tests,
analyses and inspections performed by the independent testing laboratory shall be conducted
under direct charge of a Registered Professional Engineer in the State of Florida. The Contractor
shall be responsible for scheduling the independent testing laboratory’s visits and for the
coordination of the testing with the independent testing laboratory and Engineer.
B. Field Observations:
Provide twenty-four (24) hour notification to the Engineer for all specified field observations,
unless otherwise noted.
8.0 MOBILIZATION
A. Consists of the preparatory Work and operations in mobilizing for beginning Work on the
Project, including, but not limited to, those operations necessary for the movement of personnel,
equipment, supplies and incidentals to the Project site, and for the establishment of temporary
offices, buildings, safety equipment and first aid supplies, sanitary and other facilities, as
required by these Specifications, and State and local laws and regulations.
The costs of bonds, insurance and any other pre-construction expenses necessary for the start of
the Work, excluding the cost of construction materials, is to be included in Mobilization.
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B. When the Bid Form includes a separate pay item for Mobilization, partial payments will be made
in accordance with the following:
Allowable Percent
of the Lump Sum
Price of Mobilization
Percent of Contract Price
Less Mobilization Earned
5
10
25
50
25
50
75
100
The standard retainage will be applied to these payments. Previous payments for Mobilization
and unpaid amounts on Allowances will not be considered in calculating the percent of the
Contract Price earned. Payments will be made in stepped increments as shown and will not be
interpolated between steps.
C.
9.0
When the Bid Form does not include a separate item for Mobilization, all Work and incidental
costs specified as being covered under Mobilization is to be included for payment under the
several scheduled items on the Bid Form, and no separate payment will be made therefor.
MAINTENANCE OF TRAFFIC
A.
In the Contractor's use of streets and highways for the Work to be done under these
Specifications, conform to all Municipal, County, State and Federal laws and regulations as
applicable. Provide, erect and maintain effective barricades, warning lights, and signs on all
intercepted streets or highways for protection of the Work and safety of the public. All
barricades or obstructions which encroach on or are adjacent to the public rights of way should
be provided with lights which are illuminated at all times between sunset and sunrise.
B.
Contractor shall schedule Work to cause minimum disturbance of normal pedestrian and
vehicular traffic and be responsible for providing suitable means of access to all public and
private properties during all stages of the construction. Other than for an emergency safety
condition, the Contractor must contact the Owner and Engineer for approval prior to completely
blocking off any street to vehicular traffic during construction. Contractor shall provide written
notification to emergency, police, fire, and other appropriate agencies at least 24 hours in
advance of new work or changed work.
C.
Maintain traffic in accordance with Section 102 of the Florida Department of Transportation
Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction, 2007 Edition, except as follows:
1. Contractor shall be responsible for preparing a Maintenance of Traffic plan. Contractor shall
submit a Maintenance of Traffic Plan for Owner or roadway authority (City, County, D.O.T.)
review.
2. The Maintenance of Traffic plan must be prepared by a person who is certified by an FDOT
certified school or an engineer licensed in the State of Florida.
3. When the Bid Form does not include a separate item for Maintenance of Traffic, the costs
are to be included for payment under the several scheduled items on the Bid Form, and no
separate payment will be made.
10.0
A.
PLACING EQUIPMENT INTO SERVICE
Do not operate or place into service or energize, electrical and mechanical equipment until
approved by the Owner and Engineer. Such approval may be granted only after all interested
parties have been duly notified, have given approval for placing the equipment into service, and
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all interested parties are present or waived their right to be present. Contractor shall provide, in
writing, seventy-two (72) hour notification for all items and equipment startups.
11.0
A.
12.0
A.
13.0
SALVAGEABLE MATERIAL
All salvageable material and/or equipment removed from the existing construction for which
specific use, relocation or other disposal is not specifically noted on the Drawings or otherwise
specified, will remain the property of the Owner and be turned over to him. All material and/or
equipment not in salvageable condition as determined by the Engineer, must be disposed of by
the Contractor. The actual storage site for salvageable material will be designated by the Owner.
BORING LOGS, OTHER REPORTS AND DRAWINGS UTILIZED BY ENGINEER
Boring Logs, other reports and Drawings utilized by Engineer, if attached at the end of these
Specifications, are provided for Contractor's information only and are not a part of the Contract
Documents. There is no technical data in the Boring Logs, other reports or Drawings that should
be relied on by the Contractor. There also were no other reports or drawings utilized by Engineer
in preparation of the Contract Documents that contained data that could be relied on by the
Contractor.
DISPOSAL OF EXCAVATED MATERIALS AND DEBRIS
A. All excess excavated material and debris not required for backfill (unless otherwise noted),
including but not limited to, broken pipe, sidewalks, curbs and other concrete items, together with
all roots, boards and other debris, are to be disposed of by the Contractor at an appropriate legal
site.
14.0
CONTRACTOR'S RESPONSIBILITIES
A.
Supervise and direct the Work competently and efficiently, devoting such attention thereto and
applying such skills and expertise as may be necessary to perform the Work in accordance with
the Drawings and these Specifications. Be solely responsible for the means, methods,
techniques, sequences and procedures of construction. Be responsible to see that the finished
Work complies accurately with the Drawings and Specifications.
B.
Provide competent, suitably qualified personnel to perform construction as required by the
Drawings and these Specifications.
C.
Be responsible for initiating, maintaining and supervising all safety precautions and programs in
connection with the Work. Take all necessary precautions for the safety of, and provide the
necessary protection to prevent damage, injury or loss to:
1. All employees on the Work and other persons who may be affected thereby.
2. All the Work and all materials or equipment to be incorporated therein, whether in storage on
or off the site, and
3. Other property at the site or adjacent thereto, including trees, shrubs, lawns, walks,
pavements, roadways, structures and utilities not designated for removal, relocation or
replacement in the course of construction.
D.
Comply with all applicable laws, ordinances, rules, regulations and orders of any public body
having jurisdiction for the safety of persons or property or to protect them from damage, injury
or loss; and erect and maintain all necessary safeguards for such safety and protection.
E.
Keep one record copy of all Specifications, Drawings, Addenda, Modifications, Shop Drawings
and samples at the site, in good order and annotated to show all changes made during the
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construction process. These items are to be available to Owner's Representative for examination
and be delivered to Owner's Representative for Owner upon completion of the Work.
15.0
A.
16.0
VISITS TO SITE BY OWNER'S REPRESENTATIVE
Owner's Representative will make visits to the site at intervals appropriate to the various stages
of construction to observe the progress and the quality of the executed Work and to determine, in
general, if the Work is proceeding in accordance with the Contract Documents. Owner's
Representative will not be required to make exhaustive or continuous on-site inspections to
check the quality or quantity of the Work. Owner's Representative's efforts will be directed
toward providing for Owner a greater degree of confidence that the completed Work will
conform to the Drawings and these Specifications. On the basis of such visits and on-site
observations, Owner's Representative will keep Owner informed of the progress of the Work and
will endeavor to guard Owner against defects and deficiencies in the Work.
LIMITATIONS ON OWNER'S REPRESENTATIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
A.
Neither Owner's Representative's authority to act under these Specifications and Drawings or
elsewhere in other Documents nor any decision made by Owner's Representative in good faith
either to exercise or not exercise such authority will give rise to any duty or responsibility of
Owner's Representative to Contractor, any Subcontractor, any manufacturer, fabricator, supplier
or distributor, or any of their agents or employees or any other person performing any of the
Work.
B.
Owner's Representative will not be responsible for Contractor's means, methods, techniques,
sequences or procedures of construction, or safety precautions and programs incident thereto,
and Owner's Representative will not be responsible for Contractor's failure to perform the Work
in accordance with the Drawings and these Specifications.
C.
Owner's Representative will not be responsible for the acts or omissions of Contractor or of any
Subcontractors, or of the agents or employees of any Contractor or Subcontractor, or of any other
persons at the site or otherwise performing any of the Work.
17.0
A.
18.0
A.
DESIGN PROFESSIONALS REPRESENTING OWNER
Various Design Professionals (i.e. Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Groundwater Hydrologists, Etc.)
as consultants to Owner, prepared the Drawings and Specifications for the Project. Owner may
have the various Design Professionals provide services to Owner during construction phase of
the Project. The Design Professionals will be representatives of the Owner and visits to the site
by the Design Professionals will be on the basis of above paragraph 15.0, VISITS TO SITE BY
OWNER'S REPRESENTATIVE. Also paragraph 16.0, LIMITATIONS ON OWNER'S
REPRESENTATIVE RESPONSIBILITIES includes the various Design Professionals for this
Project.
CONSTRUCTION MEETINGS
Contractor’s Project Manager and a representative of subcontractors performing work at the time
of the meeting shall attend a coordination/progress meeting a minimum of once a month, as
designated by the Owner, at the Owner’s office during the progress of the Work. Contractor
shall submit an updated construction schedule to the Engineer at each coordination/progress
meeting. Contractor shall also be required to attend additional coordination meetings as
requested by Owner.
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19.0
TEMPORARY CONTROLS AND FACILITIES
A.
The Contractor is responsible for compliance with all NPDES regulations including submitting a
Pollution Prevention Plan, submitting a Notice of Intent, conducting maintenance and inspection
of controls, erosion and sediment controls and submitting a Notice of Termination.
B.
As part of the Work, the Contractor shall be responsible for applying for, obtaining and
complying with all required dewatering permits. Contractor shall notify South Florida Water
Management District (SFWMD) prior to all dewatering activities. All dewatering shall meet
SFWMD requirements.
C.
Contractor shall prevent erosion of soil on the site and on adjacent properties resulting from
construction activities, effective measures shall be initiated prior to commencement of clearing,
grading, excavation, or other operations. Contractor shall install silt barriers or screens to
capture sediments/solids from erosion.
D.
Contractor shall perform dust and mud control operations to prevent construction operations
from producing dust and mud in amounts harmful to persons or causing a nuisance to persons
living nearby or occupying buildings in the vicinity of the Work. Use water or dust preventative
to control dust during dry weather. Take necessary steps to prevent the tracking of mud onto
adjacent streets and highways.
E.
Contractor shall install all turbidity control devices required by SFWMD, if necessary.
Contractor shall notify SFWMD for inspection of turbidity control devices prior to any
construction activities.
20.0
STORAGE SITES
A. The Contractor may furnish, at his expense, properly zoned areas suitable for field offices,
material storage and equipment service, and storage. The Contractor shall maintain these areas
in a clean, orderly condition so as not to cause a nuisance in the area. The Contractor shall
restore the storage area to its original or better condition, with all its appurtenances, in kind, to
the satisfaction of the Engineer. Contractor is responsible for security of storage site.
21.0
A.
CONTRACTOR’S SUBMITTALS
Contractor shall be required to submit, with a letter of transmittal to the Engineer, a minimum of
eight (8) copies of each checked and approved shop drawing, mix report, laboratory results, etc.,
where required in the specifications, Drawings or as appropriate, in lieu of the five (5) copies
specified in Article 6 of the General Conditions or as specified elsewhere in these Specifications.
Of the ten copies submitted, two copies will be returned to the Contractor for the Contractor’s
use. If the Contractor requires any additional approved copies, the Contractor shall submit
additional copies at the time of initial submission. Allow a minimum of two weeks from date of
receipt for review by the Engineer. Review of shop drawings will be general and will not relieve
the Contractor from any responsibility.
A. Contractor shall be required to submit, with a letter of transmittal to the Engineer, for review and
approval, eight (8) hard copies and eight (8) copies in CD format of each Operation and
Maintenance Manual for all equipment, regardless of the number of submittals specified elsewhere
in these Specifications.
END OF SECTION
01001-6
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SECTION 01720
RECORD DOCUMENTS
PART 1
1.01
GENERAL
SECTION INCLUDES
A. On site maintenance of Record Documents.
B. Required record information.
1.02
MAINTENANCE
A. Maintain on site, one set of the following Record Documents; record actual revisions to the
Work:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Drawings.
Specifications.
Addenda.
Change Orders and other modifications to the Contract.
Shop Drawings, product data, and samples.
B. Store Record Documents separate from documents used for construction.
C. Record information concurrent with construction progress.
D. In the interest of timely detection of non-conforming Work, all Record Drawing information must
be furnished to the Engineer prior to submitting for payment of that particular item. No progress
payment application requests will be approved by the Engineer without satisfactory record
drawings for that particular items(s).
E. Under no circumstances will roadway paving Work be allowed to start until the Engineer has
reviewed the Record Drawing information for Work constructed within the roadway area that will
be paved.
F. All Record Drawing information such as elevations, distances, location of underground utilities,
lake cross-sections, and road cross-sections must be obtained by a Professional Surveyor and
Mapper, who is licensed in the State of Florida. The Surveyor will be retained by the Contractor.
Information must be signed and sealed.
G. Record Documents must be available to Engineer for examination at any time during the progress
of the Work.
H. Submit completed Record Documents upon completion of the Work and prior to application for
final payment.
I.
Show record information in bold or boxed out to stand out from rest of Drawing.
J. Record actual revision dates of the Work.
1.03
REQUIRED RECORD DRAWING INFORMATION
A. All elevations and horizontal locations shown on the Drawings must be verified. Verification or
deviation must be clearly indicated on the Drawings.
B. Drainage (N/A)
1. Flow line elevation of pipe at headwalls, outfalls and structures.
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01720-1
2. Top elevation of headwalls, structures, and concrete caps.
3. Drainage Control Structures, Baffles, and Weirs. Obtain horizontal dimensions and vertical
elevations.
4. Horizontal locations of headwalls, structures, and concrete caps.
5. Location of utilities and miscellaneous structures encountered which are different from or not
shown on the Drawings.
C. Lakes, Canals, and Pump Station Intake Channels (N/A)
1. Cross section at each design cross section shown on the Drawings and at a minimum 100 foot
intervals. Obtain elevations at all grade breaks and across bottom from 20 foot beyond top of
bank (each side).
2. Determine side slopes.
3. Locate top of bank and the edge of water at the control elevation and plot location on a
drawing at the same scale as the construction drawings.
D. Roadways (N/A)
1. Cross-section elevations at the profile grade line (centerline or edge of median) and at the
edge of pavement at the following frequencies:
a. Major Roads (collector or higher): At high and low points of the profile grade and at
even 100 foot stations in-between.
b. Local Roads: At high and low points of the profile grade.
2. Location of utilities and miscellaneous structures encountered which are different from or not
shown on the Drawings.
3. Spot elevations in parking lots and access roads.
E. Wastewater (N/A)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Invert elevations in manholes and at end of stubouts.
Distance between manholes.
Top of manhole elevations.
Location of manholes, based on stationing system on Drawings.
Calculate slope of gravity mains.
Locate end of stubouts and services by stationing and offsetting from the gravity main and
downstream manholes.
Length of stubouts.
Elevations of the top slab, wet well invert, influent pipe inverts, and driveway for lift stations.
Details of any design changes.
Location of utilities and miscellaneous structures encountered which are different from or not
shown on the Drawings.
Top of force main elevations and finished grade at 100 foot intervals and at high and low
points.
Locate force main fittings, valves, air release structures, etc. by stationing and offsetting from
gravity wastewater manholes. If manholes are not located nearby, use reference points shown
on the Drawings.
Elevation and clearances when wastewater mains cross either water mains or drainage pipe.
Changes in pipe material.
Bottom of wastewater service pipe elevation and top of drainage pipe elevation at all
crossings.
Top of wastewater service pipe elevation and bottom of watermain elevation at all crossings.
Lift station electrical controls and FPL service to control panel.
F. Water (N/A)
1. Top of pipe elevations at 100 foot intervals.
2. Distance from the reference points shown on the Drawings.
3. Horizontal location at 100 foot intervals.
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01720-2
4. Location of water services, valves, fittings, hydrants, blowoff points, etc. by stationing and
offsetting from wastewater manholes. If wastewater manholes are not located nearby, use
reference points shown on the Drawings.
5. Details of any design changes.
6. Location of utilities and miscellaneous structures encountered which are different from or not
shown on the Drawings.
7. Elevations and clearances when water mains cross either wastewater or drainage pipe.
8. Changes in pipe material.
G. Conduit Sleeves
1. Horizontal location and size of conduit.
H. Structural
1. Obtain horizontal and vertical locations and elevations for all structural components,
including but not limited to, intake structure including piles and cap, slabs, building and
building features, grating, trash rack, etc.
I.
General Site (N/A)
1. Spot elevations shall be taken at a reasonable grid interval for finished grade verification.
Obtain spot elevations at all grade or contours (as shown on the Drawings), grade breaks,
property lines, and limits of construction.
PART 2
PRODUCTS
Not Used.
PART 3
3.01
EXECUTION
CONTRACTOR’S SURVEYOR RESPONSIBILITIES (N/A)
A. Engineer will provide the Contractor with electronic files of the construction drawings at the preconstruction conference. One copy of the electronic files will be provided on CD/DVD media in
AutoDesk Civil 3D 2010 format. No warranty of the usability of the electronic files provided is
expressed or implied. The cost of any required conversion or duplication of the electronic files
from the format specified herein shall be the responsibility of the Contractor.
B. The Owner and Engineer will advise the Contractor at the pre-construction conference of the
acceptable method and file format by which the interim and final Record Drawing information
will be provided to the Owner and/or Engineer.
C. Record Drawing information shall be prepared electronically. The Record Drawing information
shall be placed on a separate layer so that it is isolated from all other layers in the drawing file.
This layer must be prepared in such a manner that it can be exported as a separate AutoCad file
and subsequently inserted into an AutoCad drawing containing the approved design information.
The AutoCad files shall be accompanied by an Adobe Acrobat portable document format (.pdf)
file of the Record Drawings.
D. Place information in the Drawings in a manner that indicates which elevations and dimensions
have been checked. This is to be done by crossing through the design elevation or dimension and
placing the Record information next to it. If an elevation or dimension has not changed, the same
procedures should be followed to confirm that it has been checked. Add new information in a
manner to indicate that it is Record information and not design information.
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01720-3
E. Each Record Drawing sheet must include the surveyor’s name, company, address, license
number, and date of field survey.
F. Signed and sealed Record Drawings shall be submitted with all pay applications and at the
conclusion of the Project.
3.02
CONTRACTOR RESPONSIBILITIES
A. Record document information not required to be obtained by a Professional Surveyor and Mapper
must be obtained by the Contractor.
B. Mark Record information on one clean set of prints of the Contract Documents.
C. Each Drawing must be stamped indicating that the information has been reviewed by the
Contractor.
D. Contractor’s Surveyor will transfer Contractor supplied information to the record drawing. (N/A)
END OF SECTION
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01720-4
SECTION 02072
MINOR DEMOLITION FOR REMODELING
PART 1
1.01
GENERAL
SECTION INCLUDES
A. Remove designated building equipment and fixtures.
B. Remove designated partitions and components.
C. Cap and identify utilities.
D. Temporary partitions to allow building occupancy.
1.02
EXISTING CONDITIONS
A. Conduct demolition to minimize interference with adjacent areas. Provide temporary office and
laboratory areas required for continuous plant operation.
PART 2
PRODUCTS - NOT USED
PART 3
EXECUTION
3.01
PREPARATION
A. Erect and maintain weatherproof closures for exterior openings.
B. Protect existing items which are not indicated to be altered.
C. Disconnect, remove, and cap designated utility services within demolition areas.
3.02
EXECUTION
A. Demolish in an orderly manner.
B. Except where noted otherwise, immediately remove demolished materials from site.
C. Remove materials to be re-installed or retained in manner to prevent damage.
D. Remove, store and protect for re-installation the following materials and equipment:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Owner designated furniture.
Blower for lime conveying equipment.
Kitchen appliances.
Water coolers.
E. Remove the following material and equipment to be retained by Owner.
1. Owner designated lab furniture.
2. Materials stored in areas designated for imprints.
F. Remove demolished materials from site as Work progresses. Upon completion of Work, leave
areas of Work in clear condition.
END OF SECTION
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02072-1
SECTION 02108
VIDEO-RECORDING
PART 1 GENERAL
1.01
SECTION INCLUDES
A. Video-recording the pre-construction conditions of the surface features within the construction
conditions.
1.02
SUBMITTALS
A. Pre Construction: Submit two completed DVD media that is playable on standard DVD players
to Engineer at least seven calendar days prior to commencing construction and delivery of any
materials and/or equipment.
B. Post Construction: Submit two completed DVD media that is playable on standard DVD players
to Engineer for review prior to substantial completion.
1.03
QUALITY ASSURANCE
A. Video-recording must be done by a responsible commercial firm known to be skilled and
regularly engaged in the business of pre-construction video documentation.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
2.01
MATERIALS
A. DVD Media: Standard name-brand high quality write-once media. New, not previously used.
PART 3 EXECUTION
3.01
PRE CONSTRUCTION VIDEO-RECORDING
A. Video-recording shall be performed and submitted at least seven calendar days prior to the
commencement of construction and delivery of any materials and/or equipment. Upon review by
the Engineer, and prior to commencement of construction and delivery of any materials and/or
equipment, additional video-recording of any portions of the construction areas that are not
adequately documented on the initial video-tapes may be required.
B. Video-record the pre-construction conditions of the surface features within the construction area.
C. The video-record will serve as a record of the pre-construction conditions for disputes arising
from restoration, and should, therefore, be taken within the construction area in sufficient detail
as necessary to clearly depict pre-construction conditions.
D. Indicate the date and time (hour, minutes and seconds) on which the video-records were recorded.
E. Video-records shall record video with simultaneous audio to assist viewer orientation with any
needed identification, differentiation, clarification, or objective description of the features being
shown with audio recording of commentary by the camera operator. The audio recording shall be
free of any conversations between the camera operator and other production technicians.
F. Camera Height and Stability: Do not exceed 10 feet vertical distance between camera lens and
the ground when conventional wheeled vehicles are used as conveyances for the recording
system.
08/11/10
02108-1
G. Camera Control: Control camera pan, tilt, zoom-in and zoom-out rates such that recorded objects
will be clearly viewed during video tape playback. Control or adjust camera and recording
system controls such as lens focus, aperture, light, and white balance to maximize picture quality.
H. Viewer Orientation Techniques: Use existing landmarks including but not limited to, all visible
house and business addresses, to maintain viewer orientation.
I.
Video Record Log: Provide a written log of each video record’s contents including but not
limited to, the names of the streets or easements, coverage beginning and ending, directions of
coverage, and the date upon which the recording was made.
J. All video-records and DVD’s become the property of the Owner.
3.02
POST CONSTRUCTIN VIDEO RECORDING
A. Video-record the post-construction conditions.
END OF SECTION
08/11/10
02108-2
SECTION 03001
CONCRETE
PART 1
1.01
GENERAL
SECTION INCLUDES
A. Formwork.
B. Concrete reinforcement and accessories.
C. Cast-in-place concrete.
D. Pre-cast concrete.
1.02
REFERENCES
A. ACI 301-96 - Specifications for Structural Concrete.
B. ACI 318-99 - Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete.
C. ACI SP-4 (95) – Formwork for Concrete.
D. ASTM A185-97 – Steel Welded Wire Fabric, Plain, for Concrete Reinforcement.
E. ASTM A615-01 - Deformed and Plain Billet Steel for Concrete Reinforcement.
F. ASTM A775-01 – Epoxy - Coated Reinforcing Steel Bars.
G. ASTM C31-00 - Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Field.
H. ASTM C33-01 - Concrete Aggregates.
I.
ASTM C39-01 - Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens.
J. ASTM C42-99 - Obtaining and Testing Drilled Cores and Sawed Beams of Concrete.
K. ASTM C94-00 - Ready-Mixed Concrete.
L. ASTM C143-00 - Slump of Hydraulic Cement Concrete.
M. ASTM C150-00 - Portland Cement.
N. ASTM C192-90 - Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory.
O. ASTM C260-01 - Air-Entraining Admixtures for Concrete.
P. ASTM C309-98 - Liquid Membrane - Forming Compounds for Curing Concrete.
Q. ASTM D1751-99 - Preformed Expansion Joint Filler for Concrete Paving and Structural
Construction.
1.03
SUBMITTALS
A. Four copies of the test mix report showing the proportions of cement, aggregate, fine aggregate,
water and admixtures.
B. Shop Drawings of pre-cast structures for review prior to fabrication.
07/22/10
03001-1
PART 2
2.01
PRODUCTS
FORM MATERIALS
A. Conform to ACI 347.
2.02
REINFORCING STEEL
A. Reinforcing Bars: ASTM A615, Grade 60, new deformed billet steel.
B. Welded Wire Fabric: Plain type, ASTM A185.
C. Stirrups and Ties: ASTM A615, Grade 40 or Grade 60.
D. Bar Supports and Spacers: Steel wire with upturned legs. Mortar cubes.
E. Epoxy - Coated Reinforcing Bars: ASTM A775, Grade 60, new deformed billet steel.
2.03
CONCRETE MATERIALS
A. Cement: ASTM C150, Type I. Type II cement for wastewater structures.
B. Fine and Coarse Aggregates: ASTM C33.
Nominal maximum size of coarse aggregate not larger than:
1 The narrowest dimension between sides of forms, nor
2. 1/3 the depth of slabs, nor
3. 3/4 the minimum clear spacing between individual reinforcing bars or wires, bundles of bars,
or ducts.
4. 4 inches.
C. Water: Clean, fresh, and free from injurious amounts of oils, acids, alkalis, salts, organic
materials, or other substances that may be deleterious to concrete or reinforcement.
D. Air Entrainment Admixtures: ASTM C260. 'Darex' by the W. R. Grace Company or approved
equal.
E. Curing Compound: ASTM C309, Type 1 or Type 1-D, Class A.
2.04
CONCRETE MIX
A. Mix concrete in accordance with ASTM C94.
B. Compressive Strength: 4000 psi minimum at 28 days for cast-in-place concrete and 4000 psi
minimum at 28 days for pre-cast concrete (unless otherwise noted on Drawings).
C. Slump: 5 inches maximum (Vertical Pours)
3 inches maximum (Horizontal Pours)
2 inches minimum (Unless noted otherwise i.e. tremie, curb machine)
D. Mixing water not to exceed 6 gallons per sack of Portland Cement. This includes water entering
the batches as surface moisture on the aggregates, which must be deducted from the specified 6
gallons to determine the amount of mixing water for each batch.
E. Air-Entraining admixture to produce 5 percent (+/- 1.5%) entrained air.
07/22/10
03001-2
PART 3
3.01
EXECUTION
FORMWORK ERECTION
A. Conforms to the shapes, lines, and dimensions of the members as called for on the Drawings.
B. Provide bracing to ensure stability of formwork.
C. Design and construct forms, bracing, and supports to withstand the pressure of freshly placed
concrete without bow or deflection.
D. Hand trim sides and bottom of earth forms; remove loose dirt.
E. Coordinate Work on Drawings in forming and setting openings, recesses, chases, sleeves, bolts,
anchors, and other inserts.
F. Substantial and sufficiently tight to prevent leakage of mortar. Check forms prior to placing
concrete and tighten as required to produce flush surfaces.
G. Tie metal remaining in the concrete to be at least 3 inches back of the concrete face. Plug holes
left by the tie ends with grout.
H. Chamfer corners of beams, columns, walls and exposed edges or corners of concrete with 3/4
inch by 3/4 inch wood chamfer strips unless otherwise shown on Drawings.
I.
Clean forms and apply form release agents or wet forms prior to concrete placement.
J. Remove forms in such a manner as to insure the complete safety of the structure. Where the
structure as a whole is supported on shores, the removable floor forms, beams and girder sides,
columns and similar vertical forms may be removed only after concrete has reached 2/3 of its
design strength by test and is sufficiently hard not to be injured during form removal. In no case
should supporting forms or shoring be removed until the members have acquired sufficient
strength to support their weight and the load safely thereon.
3.02
REINFORCEMENT
A. Before placing concrete, clean reinforcement of foreign particles or coatings.
B. Place, support, and secure reinforcement against displacement.
C. Lap welded wire mesh at least one full mesh and lace splices with wire. Offset end laps in
adjacent widths to prevent continuous laps in either direction.
D. Avoid splices at points of maximum stress. Provide sufficient lap to transfer the stress between
bars by bond and shear.
E. Make bends for stirrups and ties on bars 5/8 inches in diameter and less, around a pin having a
diameter not less than four times the thickness of the bar. Make bends for other bars around a pin
having a diameter not less than six times the minimum thickness of the bar, except that for bars
larger than one inch but less than 1-3/4 inches, the pin can not be less than eight times the
minimum thickness of the bar. Bend all bars cold.
F. Splices and Offsets in Reinforcement: In slabs, beams, and girders, avoid splices of
reinforcement at points of maximum stress. Provide sufficient lap to transfer the stress between
bars by bond and shear and meet the requirements of ACI 318.
Where changes in the cross section of a column occur, offset the longitudinal bars in a region
where lateral support is afforded. Where offset, the slope of the inclined portion should not be
07/22/10
03001-3
more than one in six, and in the case of tied columns, space the ties not more than 3 inches on
center for a distance of one foot below the actual point of offset.
G. Protection of Reinforcement: Protect the metal reinforcement by the thickness of concrete
indicated on the Drawings. Where not otherwise shown, the thickness of concrete over the
reinforcement should be as follows:
Where concrete is deposited against ground without the use of forms, not less than 3 inches for
beams and slabs.
Where concrete is exposed to the weather or exposed to the ground but placed in forms, not less
than 2 inches for bars more than 5/8 inch in diameter and 1-1/2 inches for bars 5/8 inch or less in
diameter.
In slabs and walls not exposed to the ground or to the weather, not less than 1-1/2 inches.
In beams, girders and columns not exposed to the ground or to the weather, not less than 1-1/2
inches.
In all cases, the thickness of concrete over the reinforcement must be at least 1-1/2 inches.
H. Protect reinforcement bars, intended for bonding with future extensions, with approved adequate
covering.
3.03
JOINTS
A. Expansion and Contraction Joints: Provide expansion joints when slabs on grade join other
construction and elsewhere as indicated. Expansion joints are to be one-half (1/2) inch thick
when not otherwise noted. Tool edges of slabs at expansion and contraction joints to a one-fourth
(1/4) inch radius.
B. Construction Joints: In jointing fresh concrete to that which has already set, the surface of the
concrete in place must be thoroughly cleaned and have all laitance removed by cutting with a
suitable tool. In addition, wet and slush with a coat of grout, no leaner than one (1) part cement
to two (2) parts sand.
3.04
CONCRETE MIXING
A. Mix until there is a uniform distribution of the materials and discharge completely before the
mixer is recharged.
B. For job-mixed concrete, rotate the mixer at a speed recommended by the manufacturer and mix
continuously for at least one minute after all materials are in the mixer.
C. Mix and deliver ready-mixed concrete in accordance with ASTM C-94.
D. Wet batches of concrete may be transported in either agitating or nonagitating trucks. When nonagitator trucks are used, the elapsed time between the addition of water to the mix and depositing
the concrete in place must not exceed 45 minutes except that when a retardant admixture is used
such elapsed time must not exceed 75 minutes. When the handling is done in truck agitators,
such elapsed time must not exceed 60 minutes, except that when a retardant admixture is used a
maximum elapsed time of 90 minutes will be permitted.
E. When concrete arrives on site with slump below that suitable for placing, as indicated by the
Specifications, water may be added only if neither the maximum permissible water-cement ratio
nor the maximum slump is exceeded.
3.05
07/22/10
PLACING CONCRETE
03001-4
A. Notify Engineer a minimum of 24 hours prior to commencement of concreting operations.
B. Equipment for chuting, pumping and pneumatically conveying concrete must be sized and
designed as to insure a practically continuous flow of concrete at the delivery end without
separation of the materials.
C. Prevent separation or loss of materials when conveying concrete from mixer to place of final
deposit.
D. No concrete that has partially hardened or been contaminated by foreign material may be
deposited on the Work nor retempered.
E. Deposit as nearly as practicable to its final position to avoid segregation due to rehandling or
flowing.
F. During placement, thoroughly work concrete around reinforcement and embedded fixtures and
into the corners of the forms.
G. At all times, concrete is to be plastic and flow readily into the space between the bars.
When concreting is once started, carry on as a continuous operation until the placing of the panel
or section is completed. The top surface to be generally level.
H. Consolidate placed concrete by mechanical vibrating equipment supplemented by hand-spading,
rodding or tamping. Use vibrators designed to operate with vibratory element submerged in
concrete.
3.06
UNDER-WATER PLACING (Done only on approval of Engineer)
A. When conditions require placing through water, a tremie or drop-bottom bucket should be used
and the Work must be well supervised. Every precaution must be taken to prevent the cement
from washing out of the concrete. The tremie is to be water-tight and large enough to allow a free
flow of concrete. It must be kept filled with concrete at all times while depositing. Discharge
concrete and spread by moving the tremie as to maintain as nearly as practicable a uniform flow
and avoid dropping the concrete through water. If the charge is lost while depositing, the tremie
must be withdrawn and refilled. Maintain concrete slump between 6 and 7 inches. Tremie
concrete must be pumped into place instead of gravity placed.
3.07
COLD WEATHER PLACEMENT
A. Provide adequate equipment for heating the concrete materials and protecting the concrete during
freezing or near-freezing weather. No frozen materials or materials containing ice can be used.
B. All concrete materials and all reinforcement, forms, fillers and ground with which the concrete is
to come in contact must be free from frost. Whenever the temperature of the surrounding air is
below 40 degrees F, all concrete placed in the forms must have a temperature of between 70
degrees F and 80 degrees F, and adequate means to provide for maintaining a temperature of not
less than 70 degrees F for 3 days or 50 degrees F for 5 days. The housing covering or other
protection used in connection with curing must remain in place and intact at least 24 hours after
the artificial heating is discontinued. No dependence can be placed on salt or other chemicals for
the prevention of freezing.
3.08
HOT WEATHER PLACEMENT
A. Cool ingredients before mixing to maintain concrete temperature at time of placement below 90
degrees F. Mixing water may be chilled, or chopped ice may be used to control the concrete
temperature, provided the water equivalent of the ice is calculated to the total amount of mixing
water.
07/22/10
03001-5
B. A shorter mixing time than specified in ASTM C94 may be required. When the air temperature is
between 85 and 90 degrees F, reduce the mixing and delivery time from 90 minutes to 75
minutes, and when the air temperature is above 90 degrees F, reduce the mixing and delivery time
to 60 minutes.
Cover reinforcing steel with water-soaked burlap if it becomes too hot, so that the steel
temperature will not exceed the ambient air temperatures immediately before embedment in
concrete. Wet forms thoroughly before placing concrete.
Do not use retarding admixtures without the written approval of the Engineer.
3.09
FINISHING CONCRETE
A. Rough finish for concrete surfaces not exposed to view in the finish Work or covered by other
construction.
B. Strike - off smooth and finish with a texture matching adjacent formed surfaces at tops of walls,
horizontal offsets and similar unformed surfaces occurring adjacent to formed surfaces.
C. Provide a uniform smooth rubbed finish on exposed formed concrete walls, columns, and beams.
D. Float finish monolithic slab surfaces that are to receive trowel finish or other finish.
1. Trowel Finish: After floating, begin first trowel finish operation using a power-driven trowel.
Begin final troweling when surface produces a ringing sound as trowel is moved over surface.
Consolidate concrete surface by final hand-troweling operation, free of trowel marks, uniform
in texture and appearance, and with a surface plane tolerance not exceeding 1/4" in 10 feet
when tested with a 10 foot straight-edge. Grind smooth surface defects which would show
through applied floor covering system.
2. Non-slip Broom Finish: Apply non-slip fine-hair broom finish to sidewalks, driveways,
handicap ramps, curbs, or other items as noted on the Drawings.
3.10
CURING
A. Protect freshly placed concrete from premature drying or heat, and maintain without drying at a
relatively constant temperature for a period of time necessary for hydration of cement and proper
hardening.
B. Start initial curing as soon as free water has disappeared from concrete surface after placing and
finishing. Weather permitting, keep continuously moist for not less than 72 hours.
C. Continue curing for a least 7 days and in accordance with ACI 301 procedures. Avoid rapid
drying at end of final curing period.
D. In lieu of moist curing, spray a clear liquid membrane curing compound on all new concrete
immediately after initial set. Rate of application to be 200 square feet per gallon or as
recommended by the manufacturer.
3.11
TESTS
A. Testing and analysis of concrete will be performed by an independent testing laboratory.
B. Test firm will take cylinders and perform compression tests in accordance with ASTM C31,
ASTM C39, and ASTM C192.
C. Number of cylinders and frequency of tests will be designated by the Engineer.
D. One slump test will be performed per ASTM C143 for each set of test cylinders taken.
07/22/10
03001-6
E. Cure specimens under laboratory conditions except that when in the opinion of the Engineer,
there is a possibility of the surrounding air temperature falling below 40 degrees F., additional
specimens may be required and cured under job conditions.
F. If the average strength of the laboratory control cylinders for any portion of the structure falls
below the compressive strengths called for on the Drawings, the Engineer has the right to order a
change in the proportions or the water content for the remaining portion of the structure. If the
average strength of the job-cured cylinders falls below the required strength the Engineer has the
right to require conditions of temperature and moisture necessary to secure the required strength
and may require tests in accordance with ASTM C42, or order load tests to be made on the
portions of the structure so affected. Remove or replace failing concrete if directed by the
Engineer.
3.12
PROTECTION
A. Protect concrete from damage until final acceptance of Work.
END OF SECTION
07/22/10
03001-7
SECTION 04220
CONCRETE UNIT MASONRY
PART 1 GENERAL
1.01
SECTION INCLUDES
A. Concrete masonry units.
B. Mortar.
C. Grout.
D. Reinforcement.
E. Lintels.
1.02
REFERENCES
A. ASTM A82-88 - Steel Wire, Plain, for Concrete Reinforcement.
B. ASTM C90-85 - Hollow Load-Bearing Concrete Masonry Units.
C. ASTM C387-87 - Packaged, Dry, Combined Materials for Mortar and Concrete.
D. ASTM C476-83 - Grout for Masonry.
E. ASTM C1019-89 - Sampling and Testing Grout.
1.03
RELATED SECTIONS
A. Section 03001 - Concrete.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
2.01
MATERIALS
A. Premix Mortar: ASTM C387, Type M or S.
B. Grout: ASTM C476. f'm > 2000 psi Slump between 8 and 11 inches.
C. Hollow Load Bearing Block Units: ASTM C90, Grade N, Type II, normal weight.
D. Joint Reinforcement: ASTM A82, welded construction. Two, nine gage wires running parallel to
each other.
E. Water: Potable. Clean and free of amounts of oils, acids, alkalies, salts, organic materials, or
other substances that may be deleterious to mortar or any metal in the wall.
2.02
LINTELS
A. Construct with reinforced concrete per Section 03001.
B. Provide minimum 2 - #5 reinforcing bars or equivalent in bottom with 2 inches cover.
C. If lintels are precast, designate top and bottom.
08/20/10
04220-1
PART 3 EXECUTION
3.01
EXAMINATION
A. Verify that field conditions are acceptable and are ready to receive Work.
B. Verify items provided by other Sections of Work are properly sized and located.
C. Verify that built-in items are in proper location and ready for roughing into masonry.
3.02
INSTALLATION
A. Mix mortar and place in accordance with the premix mortar manufacturer's instructions.
B. Mix mortar materials mechanically for not less than five minutes after all ingredients are in the
mixer.
C. Do not use mortar that has begun to set or that has been mixed for more than two hours.
Retempering will not be allowed.
D. Maintain masonry courses to uniform dimension. Form vertical and horizontal joints of uniform
thickness. Lay block plumb, level, and true to line.
E. Install horizontal joint reinforcement in the first course above the footing or floor level, and in
every second course thereafter. Do not displace reinforcement while placing mortar.
F. Bond each course at corners and intersections.
G. Do not shift or tap masonry units after mortar has achieved initial set. Where adjustment must be
made, remove mortar and replace.
H. Masonry partitions are to be isolated from vertical structural framing members with a control
joint where indicated on the Drawings.
I.
Lintels are to be provided over all openings in concrete block walls not spanned by beams.
Provide minimum 8 inches bearing on each side of opening.
J. All masonry units are to be handled carefully. Use of chipped or broken units is not acceptable.
K. Saw-cut all partial masonry units to fit.
L. Masonry to be plastered or permanently concealed are to have all joints trowel- struck flush.
M. Exposed Masonry: Point joints and tool before mortar is set. Jointing tools must be of high-grade
steel that will not blacken joints. Brush with a clean fiber brush after tooling.
3.03
CLEANING
A. Remove excess mortar and mortar smears.
B. Replace defective mortar. Match adjacent Work.
C. Use non-metallic tools in cleaning operations.
END OF SECTION
08/20/10
04220-2
SECTION 09220
PORTLAND CEMENT STUCCO
PART 1 GENERAL
1.01
SECTION INCLUDES
A. Portland cement stucco system.
1.02
REFERENCES
A. ASTM C150-85 - Portland Cement.
B. ASTM C207-79 - Hydrated Lime for Masonry Purposes.
C. ASTM C631-81 - Bonding Compounds for Interior Plastering.
D. ASTM C897-83 - Aggregate for Job-Mixed Portland Cement-Based Plasters.
1.03
SUBMITTALS
A. Submit manufacturer's product specifications and installation instructions.
1.04
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
A. Deliver materials to the site in sealed containers fully identified with manufacturer's name, brand,
type and grade.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
2.01
MATERIALS
A. Cement: ASTM C150, Type I.
B. Water: Clean, fresh, potable and free of mineral or organic matter which can affect stucco.
C. Aggregate: ASTM C897.
D. Hydrated Lime: ASTM C207, Type S.
E. Bonding Agent: ASTM C631. Thorobond by Thoro System Products or approved equal.
F. Premixed Finishing Coat: Thoro Stucco by Thoro System Products or approved equal.
2.02
STUCCO MIXES
A. Scratch Coat - One part cement, three parts sand, with hydrated lime not more than 1/4 part by
volume. Cement and hydrated lime after being thoroughly mixed dry to uniform color, added to
dry sand and whole thoroughly mixed. Water added to secure proper working consistency.
B. Finish Coat - Mix in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
PART 3 EXECUTION
3.01
EXAMINATION
A. Verify that surfaces and site conditions are ready to receive Work.
10/15/91
09220-1
B. Verify joints are cut flush and surface is ready to receive Work of this Section. Verify no
bituminous or water repellent coatings exist on masonry surface.
C. Verify all flashing, wall vents, drains, fastenings or projections of any kind are in place.
3.02
PREPARATION
A. Brush clean masonry surface. Surface must be free from dirt, dust or loose particles.
B. Dampen masonry surfaces to reduce excessive suction. Do not saturate.
C. Apply bonding agent on concrete surfaces for direct application of stucco.
3.03
APPLICATION
A. Apply scratch coat to a nominal thickness of 5/8 inch. Scratching to be done with a wire tool.
Apply within thirty minutes from time of mixing. Use of retempered stucco is not allowed.
B. Moist cure scratch coat.
C. After curing, dampen scratch coat prior to applying finish coat.
D. Apply finish coat to a nominal thickness of 1/8 inch and wood float to a smooth and consistent
finish.
E. Avoid excessive working of surface. Delay trowelling as long as possible to avoid drawing
excess fines to surface.
F. Moist cure finish coat.
END OF SECTION
10/15/91
09220-2
SECTION 09900
PAINTING
PART 1
1.01
GENERAL
SECTION INCLUDES
A. Surface preparation and application of protective coatings.
B. Interior and exterior coating systems.
1.02
REFERENCES
A. ASTM B117-90 - Salt Spray (Fog) Testing.
B. ASTM D2247-87 - Testing Water Resistance of Coatings in 100% Relative Humidity.
C. ASTM D3359-87 - Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test.
D. ASTM D3363-74 - Film Hardness by Pencil Test.
E. ASTM D4060-84 - Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser.
F. ASTM D4541-85 - Pull-Off Strength of Coatings Using Portable Adhesion-Testers.
G. ASTM D4585-87 - Testing the Water Resistance of Coatings Using Controlled Condensation.
H. AWWA C210-84 - Liquid Epoxy Coating System for the Interior and Exterior of Steel Water
Pipelines.
I.
AWWA D102-78 - Painting Steel Water-Storage Tanks.
J. Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC) Specifications.
1. SP-1 Solvent Cleaning: Remove all grease,oil, salt, acid, alkali, dirt, dust, wax, fat, foreign
matter and contaminates, etc. by one of the following methods: steam cleaning, alkaline
cleaning, or volatile solvent cleaning.
2. SP-2 Hand Tool Cleaning: Removal of loose rust, loose mill scale and loose paint to a clean
sound substrate by hand chipping, scraping, sanding and wire brushing.
3. SP-3 Power Tool Cleaning: Removal of loose mill scale and loose paint to a clean sound
substrate by power tool chipping, descaling, sanding, wire brushing and grinding.
4. SP-5 White Metal Blast Cleaning: Complete removal of all mill scale, rust, rust scale,
previous coating, etc., leaving the surface a uniform gray-white color.
5. SP-6 Commercial Blast Cleaning: Complete removal of all dirt, rust scale, mill scale, foreign
matter and previous coating, etc., leaving only shadows and/or streaks caused by rust stain
and mill scale oxides. At least 66% of each square inch of surface area is to be free of all
visible residues, except slight discoloration.
6. SP-7 Brush-Off Blast Cleaning: Removal of rust scale, loose mill scale, loose rust and loose
coatings, leaving tightly-bonded mill scale, rust and previous coatings. On concrete surfaces,
brush-off blast clean to remove all laitance, form oils and solid contaminates. Blasting
should be performed sufficiently close to the surface so as to open up surface voids, bugholes,
air pockets and other subsurface irregularities, but so as not to expose underlying aggregate.
08/04/10
09900-1
7. SP-8 Shop Pickled: Complete removal of rust and mill scale by acid pickling, duplex
pickling or electrolytic pickling (may reduce the resistance of the surface to corrosion, if not
to be primed immediately).
8. SP-10 Near-White Metal Blast Cleaning: Removal of all rust scale, mill scale, previous
coating, etc., leaving only light stains from rust, mill scale and small specks of previous
coating. At least 95% of each square inch of surface area is to be free of all visible residues
and the remainder limited to slight discoloration.
9. VIS-1 Pictorial Surface Preparation Standards for Painting Steel Surfaces
1.03
ABBREVIATIONS
A. ASTM - American Society of Testing Materials
B. AWWA - American Water Works Association
C. DFT - Dry film thickness.
D. Exterior - Outside, exposed to weather.
E. Interior Dry - Inside, concealed or protected from weather.
F. Interior Wet - Inside, subject to immersion service.
G. NACE - National Association of Corrosion Engineers
H. SSPC - Steel Structures Painting Council
1.04
SUBMITTALS
A. Product data sheets and application instructions.
B. Color samples for selection by the Owner.
C. For each coating application, submit an affidavit from the manufacturer stating that the paint
selected is recommended for its intended use.
D. When removal of lead containing paint is part of the Work, submit qualifications such as a copy
of a Certification of Training, demonstrating that the person supervising the Work has been
trained in removing lead containing paint. In addition, submit a plan for the methods to be
employed for surface preparation, containment and ventilation, and collection of debris.
1.05
QUALITY ASSURANCE
A. All Work to be done by skilled and experienced craftsmen.
B. When removal of lead containing paint is part of the Work, the person supervising the Work must
be trained in lead paint removal by a nationally recognized training organization. A minimum of
16 hours classroom training is required.
C. The following instruments must be available on the job site for Engineer's use, during all painting
activities:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
08/04/10
Moisture meter.
'Tape' type mill profile micrometer.
'Nordson-Mikrotest' dry film gauge.
Tooke - gauge.
Sponge type holiday detector.
09900-2
D. Primers and other undercoat paint must be produced by same manufacturer as finish coats.
E. Use only thinners approved by the paint manufacturer, and use only within recommended limits.
1.06
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
A. Deliver products to site in sealed and labeled containers.
B. Container labeling to include manufacturer's name, type of paint, brand name, brand code, batch
number, date of manufacturer, shelf life, coverage, surface preparation, drying time, cleanup,
color designation, and instructions for mixing and reducing.
C. Store painting materials in a clean, dry, well ventilated place, protected from sparks, flame, direct
rays of the sun or from excessive heat.
1.07
REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS
A. All coatings used for potable water service must be approved and certified for use by the National
Sanitation Foundation (NSF) Standard 61 and conform to AWWA D-102 and AWWA C-210.
B. All coatings must meet the requirements for volatile organic compounds (VOC) of not more than
3.5 lbs/gallon after thinning.
C. Contain, handle, and dispose of all hazardous materials, including but not limited to lead
containing paint, resulting from surface preparation and painting, in accordance with all
applicable local, state and federal requirements.
1.08
ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS
A. Apply paint only on thoroughly dry surfaces and during periods of favorable weather, unless
otherwise allowed by the paint manufacturer. Except as provided below, painting is not permitted
when the atmospheric temperature is below 50° F, or when freshly painted surfaces may be
damaged by rain, fog, dust, or condensation, and/or when it can be anticipated that these
conditions will prevail during the drying period.
B. Do not apply coatings unless the surface temperature is a minimum of 5° above the dew point;
temperature must be maintained during curing.
C. Dew Point Calculation Chart
Ambient Air Temperature - Fahrenheit
Relative
Humidity
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
90%
18
28
37
47
57
67
77
87
97
107
85%
17
26
36
45
55
65
76
84
95
104
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80%
16
25
34
44
54
63
73
82
93
102
75%
15
24
33
42
52
62
71
80
91
100
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70%
13
22
31
40
50
60
68
78
88
96
65%
12
20
29
38
47
57
66
76
85
93
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60%
11
29
27
36
45
55
64
73
83
92
55%
9
17
25
34
43
53
61
70
80
89
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50%
6
15
23
31
40
50
59
67
77
86
08/04/10
09900-3
120
117
113
110
108
105
103
101
98
94
45%
4
13
21
29
37
47
56
64
73
82
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40%
1
11
18
26
35
43
52
61
69
78
35%
-2
8
16
23
31
40
48
57
65
74
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30%
-6
4
13
20
28
36
44
52
61
69
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
91
87
83
77
SURFACE TEMPERATURE AT WHICH CONDENSATION OCCURS
D. Suitable enclosures to permit painting during inclement weather may be used if provisions are
made to control atmospheric conditions artificially inside the enclosure, within limits suitable for
painting throughout the painting operations.
1.09
EXISTING CONDITIONS
A. When unable to inspect the interior surfaces of existing tanks during bidding, assume 25 percent
of the area is pitted as defined by the Steel Structures Painting Council.
1.10
EXTRA MATERIALS
A. Provide a one gallon container of each color and surface texture to Owner.
B. Label each container with color, texture, location used, in addition to the manufacturer's label.
PART 2
2.01
PRODUCTS
MANUFACTURERS
A. All materials specified herein are manufactured by the Tnemec Company, Inc., North Kansas
City, Missouri, unless noted otherwise. These products are specified to establish standards of
quality and are approved for use on this Project.
B. Equivalent materials of other manufacturers may be substituted on approval of the Engineer.
Requests for substitution must include manufacturer's literature for each product giving the name,
generic type, descriptive information and evidence of satisfactory past performance and an
independent laboratory certification that their product meets the performance criteria of the
specified materials.
C. Performance Criteria
1. Abrasion - ASTM D4060, CS-17 Wheel, 1,000 grams load.
2. Adhesion - ASTM D3359, Method B or ASTM D4541.
3. Exterior Exposure - Exposed at 45 degrees facing the ocean (South Florida Marine
Exposure).
4. Hardness - ASTM D3363.
5. Humidity - ASTM D2247 or ASTM D4585.
6. Salt Spray (Fog) - ASTM B117.
D. Substitutions which decrease the film thickness, the number of coats applied, change the generic
type of coating, or fail to meet the performance criteria of the specified materials will not be
approved. Primer and finish coats on all surfaces must be furnished by the same manufacturer.
08/04/10
09900-4
2.02
MATERIALS
A. Coatings: Ready mixed, except field catalyzed coatings. Process pigments to a soft paste
consistency, capable of being readily and uniformly dispersed to a homogeneous coating. Good
flow and brushing properties; capable of drying or curing free of streaks or sags.
B. Accessory Materials: Linseed oil, shellac, turpentine, paint thinners and other materials not
specifically indicated but required to achieve the finishes specified. Of commercial quality.
C. Cement - Base Patching: Thorite by Thoro System Products of Miami, Florida.
D. Colors: When not specified, as selected by the Owner.
2.03
EQUIPMENT
A. Use effective oil/water separators on all compressed air lines serving spray painting and
sandblasting operations to remove oil or moisture from the air before it is used. Place separators
as far as practicable from the compressor.
B. All equipment for application of the paint and the completion of the Work must be in first-class
condition and comply with recommendations of the paint manufacturer.
PART 3
3.01
EXECUTION
INSPECTION
A. Applicator must examine areas and conditions under which painting Work is to be completed and
notify Engineer in writing of conditions detrimental to proper and timely completion of Work.
B. Inspect the substrate and report any unsatisfactory conditions. Contractor is not responsible for
latent defects in the substrate which can not be detected during a reasonable visual inspection.
Starting the Work indicates acceptance of the substrate as constructed.
C. All surfaces to be painted are subject to review by the Engineer before application of the prime
coat and each succeeding coat. Any defects or deficiencies are to be corrected by the Contractor
before application of any subsequent coat.
D. When any appreciable time has elapsed between coats, previously coated areas are to be reviewed
by the Engineer. Where surfaces are damaged or contaminated, they are to be cleaned and
recoated. Adhere to recoating times of manufacturer's printed instructions.
3.02
SURFACE PREPARATION
A. General: Clean surfaces as specified and in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendation
for the coating being used. If surfaces are subject to contamination other than mill scale or
normal atmospheric rusting, the surfaces are to be pressure washed, and acid or caustic pH
residues neutralized, in addition to the specified surface preparation.
B. Concrete and Masonry: Remove all oil, grease, dirt, laitance and other foreign materials. Blast
remove all existing coatings using equipment rated at 3500 psi. Acid etch with a solution of
muriatic acid and then rinse with clean water. Verify required acid-alkali balance is achieved.
Surface must be dry and free of dust prior to painting. New concrete and masonry must be cured
a minimum of 28 days before treating and coating.
Repair damaged concrete using a cement base patching system. Use in strict accordance with the
manufacturer's recommendations.
C. Plaster: Remove dirt, loose mortar, scale, chalk, salt or alkali powder, and other foreign matter.
Remove oil and grease with a solution of tri-sodium phosphate; rinse well and allow to dry.
08/04/10
09900-5
Remove stains caused by weathering of corroding metals with a solution of sodium metasilicate
after thoroughly wetting with water. Allow to dry. Fill hairline cracks, small holes, and
imperfections with a latex patching plaster.
D. Gypsum Drywall: Latex fill minor defects. Spot prime after repair. Remove dust from surface
by wiping with clean rags or other means.
E. Carbon Steel: Remove all oily and greasy residues in accordance with SSPC-SP1. Blast clean
using Dupont's 'Starblast' as the blasting media in accordance with SSPC-SP10. 'Starblast' is the
only blasting media allowed to be used. Apply primer coat before any rust bloom forms.
F. Galvanized Steel and Other Non-Ferrous Metals: Surface to be clean and dry. Remove oil,
grease, and protective mill coatings by solvent cleaning per SSPC-SP1. Remove white rust from
galvanized steel by hand or power brushing. Take care not to damage or remove the galvanizing.
Remove rust from old galvanized steel by hand or power tool cleaning in accordance with SSPCSP2 or SSPC-SP3.
G. PVC Pipe: Remove surface contaminants. Roughen surface by sanding to provide adhesion for
primer coat.
H. Wood: Remove dust, grit and foreign matter. Seal knots, pitch streaks, and sappy sections. Fill
nail holes and cracks. Wood must be clean and dry before application of coating.
I.
3.03
Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic: Roughen by brush blasting to provide adhesion for primer coat.
PROTECTION
A. Protect elements surrounding the Work of this Section from damage or disfiguration.
B. Repair damage to other surfaces caused by Work of this Section.
C. Furnish drop cloths, shields, and protective methods to prevent spray or droppings from
disfiguring other surfaces.
D. Erect, maintain, and dismantle scaffolding without damage to structures, machinery, equipment
or pipe. Use drop cloths to protect buildings and equipment.
E. Construct a temporary shroud or cover to contain and collect all spent abrasives and old paint.
Dispose of spent abrasives and old paint in accordance with all local, state and federal
requirements.
3.04
APPLICATION
A. Apply products in strict accordance with the coating manufacturer's instructions.
B. Apply coating uniformly at the prescribed thickness. Prevent film defects that would adversely
affect the appearance or performance.
C. Apply prime coat immediately following surface preparation and in no case later than the same
working day. Apply by brushing, paint mitt and roller, conventional spraying, or airless spraying,
using equipment approved by the coatings manufacturer.
D. Recoat as per the manufacturer's instructions. Coating is considered recoatable when an
additional coat can be applied without any detrimental film irregularities such as lifting or loss of
adhesion.
E. Surfaces that will be inaccessible after assembly are to receive either the full specified paint
system or three shop coats of the specified primer before assembly.
08/04/10
09900-6
F. Brushing or rolling is to be done so that a smooth coat as nearly uniform in thickness as possible
is obtained. Smooth the film so as not to leave detrimental marks.
G. When using an air, airless or hot spray, apply paint in a uniform layer, with a 50 percent overlap
pattern. Brush out all runs and sags immediately or the paint will have to be removed and the
surface resprayed.
H. High build coatings should be applied by a cross-hatch method of spray application to ensure
proper film thickness of the coating.
I.
Surfaces not accessible to brushes, rollers or sprays may be painted by a dauber, sheepskin, or
paint mitt.
J. Sand lightly between each succeeding alkyd enamel or varnish coat.
3.05
FINISHING MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
A. Approval from the Owner is required prior to field painting in the vicinity of, or on, energized
electrical and rotating equipment, and equipment and/or pipes in service.
B. Exercise extreme care in the painting of operable equipment, such as valves, electric motors, etc.,
so that the proper functioning of the equipment will not be affected.
C. Degloss factory finish.
D. Do not paint identification markings or code required labels.
E. Match associated piping color with finished paint color. See piping color code.
3.06
CLEANING
A. Contain paint overspray and debris by suitable means, including but not limited to, full shrouding
of the area.
B. As Work proceeds, promptly remove paint where spilled, splashed or splattered.
C. During progress of Work maintain premises free of unnecessary accumulation of tools,
equipment, surplus materials, and debris.
3.07
COATING SYSTEMS - INTERIOR SURFACES
A. Concrete Floors
1. One coat of Tnemec Series 287 Enviro-Tread (Waterborne Epoxy) applied at 3.0 mils DFT
(273 SF/Gal).
2. A second coat of Tnemec Series 287 Enviro-Tread applied at 3.0 mils (273 SF/Gal).
3. Where requested by Owner add or broadcast Series S287-300C (sand) to the 1st coat for a
non-slip finish.
B. Masonry Block Walls
1. One coat Tnemec 54-WB surface coat masonry filler. Apply at a minimum rate of 80-100
square feet per gallon to concrete block surfaces only.
2. One coat Series 113 H.B. Tnemec-Tufcoat water-base acrylic epoxy. Apply at a minimum
rate of 120-170 square feet per gallon. Two coats will be required if applied by roller.
C. Concrete (including exposed ceilings)
08/04/10
09900-7
1. Two coats Series 113 H.B. Tnemec-Tufcoat water base acrylic epoxy. Apply at a minimum
rate of 120-170 square feet per gallon.
D. Gypsum Drywall
1. One coat Tnemec-cryl Sealer (thinned 10%). Apply at a minimum rate of 400 square feet per
gallon.
2. One coat Series 113 H.B. Tneme-Tufcoat water-base acrylic-epoxy. Apply at a minimum
rate of 120-170 square feet per gallon. Two coats will be required if applied by roller.
E. Carbon Steel, Ductile Iron, or Cast Iron
1. Prime coat Tnemec Series N69-1211 Epoxoline Primer epoxy-polyamide, 3-5 mils DFT.
2. Finish coat Tnemec Series N69 Hi-Build Epoxoline II epoxy-polyamide, 4-6 mils DFT.
F. Fuel Oil Tanks
1. Prime coat Series 61-5002 Tneme-Liner high solids catalyzed epoxy, 8-12 mils DFT.
2. Finish coat Series 61-5001 Tneme-Liner high solids catalyzed epoxy, 8-12 mils DFT.
G. Galvanized Steel and Other Non-Ferrous Metals
1. One coat Tnemec Series N69 Hi-Build Epoxoline epoxy-polyamide, 4-6 mils DFT.
H. PVC Piping
1. Two coats Tnemec Series N69 Hi-Build Epoxoline epoxy-polyamide. Apply at a minimum
rate of 300 square feet per gallon per coat.
I.
Shop Finished Electrical and Mechanical Equipment
1. One coat Tnemec Series 27 F/C/ Tu[ppxu (Fast Cire E[pxu), 2-6 mils DFT.
2. One coat Tnemec Series N69 Hi-Build Epoxoline epoxy-polyamide, 4-6 mils DFT.
J. Wood Trim and Doors - Painted
1. Prime coat of Tenemec Series 10-99 W Tnemec primer applied at 2.5 mils DFT (350±
SF/Gal)..
2. Two coats of Tnemec Series 23 Enduratone (Semi-Gloss Alkyd Ename) applied at 2.0 mils
DFT per coat.
3.08
COATING SYSTEMS - EXTERIOR SURFACES
A. Carbon Steel, Ductile, or Cast Iron
1. Prime coat Tnemec Series 135 (Chembuild Surface Tolerant Epxy), 3-5 mils DFT.
2. Finish coat Tnemec Series 73 Endura-Shield III high build acrylic polyurethane, 2-5 mils
DFT.
B. Galvanized Steel and Other Non-Ferrous Metals
1. Prime coat Tnemec Series N69 Hi-Build Epoxoline epoxy-polyamide, 2-3 mils DFT.
2. Finish coat Tnemec Series 73 Endura-Shield III high build acrylic poly- urethane, 2-5 mils
DFT.
C. Above Ground Fuel Storage Tanks
1. Shop Primer: One coat Series 90-97 Tneme-Zinc zinc-rich urethane, 2.5-3.5 mils DFT.
2. Field Touch-Up: Series 90-97 Tneme-Zinc, 2.5-3.5 mils DFT.
08/04/10
09900-8
3. Full first coat Tnemec Series N69 Hi-Build Epoxoline epoxy polyamide, 2-3 mils DFT.
4. Finish coat Tnemec Series 73 Endura-Shield III high-build acrylic polyurethane, 2-5 mils
DFT.
D. PVC Piping
1. One coat Tnemec Series N69 Hi-Build Epoxoline epoxy polyamide. Apply at a minimum
rate of 300 square feet per gallon.
2. One coat Tnemec Series 73 Endura-Shield III high-build acrylic polyurethane. Apply at a
minimum rate of 300 square feet per gallon.
E. Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic
1. One coat Tnemec Series N69 Hi-Build Epoxoline epoxy polyamide. Apply at a minimum
rate of 300 square feet per gallon.
2. One coat Tnemec Series 73 Endura-Shield III high-build acrylic polyurethane. Apply at a
minimum rate of 300 square feet per gallon.
F. Shop Finished Electrical and Mechanical Equipment
1. Prime coat Tnemec Series 27 F.C. Typoxy (fast cure epoxy), 2-3 mils DFT.
2. Finish coat Tnemec Series 73 Endura-Shield III high-build acrylic polyurethane, 2-5 mils
DFT.
G. Masonry Block Walls
1. Block Filler – Tnemec Series 54WB surface coat Masonry Filler applied at 80± SF/Gal.
2. Finish per requirements below.
H. Precast and Cast In Place Concrete
1. Above Grade Coating – Finish per requirements below.
2. Below Grade Coating – Apply one coat Series 46H-413 Hi-Build Theme-Tar (Coal Tar
Epoxy), 14.0 to 20.0 mils DFT.
I.
3.09
Plaster, Above Grade Concrete, and Stucco
1. Prime Coat: Thoro Primer 2K by Thoro System Products of Miami, Florida. Apply at the
minimum rate of 200 square feet per gallon.
2. Finish Coats: Two coast Thorosheen by Thoro System Products of Miami, Florida. Apply at
the minimum rate of 200 square feet per gallon.
3. See Section 07145 for additional requirements for new or repaired concrete and masonary
surfaces.
PIPING COLOR CODE
Water Lines
Raw
Settled or Clarified
Finished or Potable
Olive Green
Aqua
Dark Blue
Chemical Lines
Alum or Primary Coagulant
Ammonia
Carbon Slurry
Caustic
Chlorine (Gas and Solution)
Fluoride
Lime Slurry
Ozone
Phosphate Compounds
08/04/10
Orange
White
Black
Yellow with Green Band
Yellow
Light Blue and Red Band
Light Green
Yellow with Orange Band
Light Green with Red Band
09900-9
Polymers or Coagulant Aids
Potassium Permanganate
Soda Ash
Sulfuric Acid
Sulfur Dioxide
Orange with Green Band
Violet
Light Green with Orange Band
Yellow with Red Band
Light Green with Yellow Band
Fuel Oil Lines
Black Oil
Diesel
Yellow
Yellow
Waste Lines
Backwash Waste
Sludge
Sewer (Sanitary and Other)
Light Brown
Dark Brown
Dark Gray
Other
Compressed Air
Gas
Other Lines
Dark Green
Red
Light Gray
3.10 PAINTING SCHEDULE
END OF SECTION
08/04/10
09900-10
SECTION 16201
DIESEL STANDBY GENERATOR
PART 1
GENERAL
1.01
SCOPE OF WORK
A.
1.02
Work included:
1.
The work covered by this portion of the specifications consists of
supplying one diesel electric generator for standby continuous use.
All necessary equipment and accessories as specified shall be
provided and any additional equipment required for a completely
functional system shall be supplied.
2.
See also the drawings.
MANFACTURER
A.
The unit shall be completely built, tested and shipped by one manufacturer
who has been regularly engaged in the manufacturing of such equipment.
The manufacturer and local dealer shall be limited to the following, no
equal.
1.
Caterpillar/Pantropic Power Products, Inc.
Robert Butt
8205 N.W. 58th Street
Miami, FL 33166
FL Watts: 1-800-237-2945
Dade: (305) 592-4944
Fax: (305) 477-1943
2.
Cummins /Power South, LLC
Stephen L. Towle
9220 S.W. 14th Street, Apt. #3502
Boca Raton, FL 33428
Phone: (561) 451-8887
Fax: (561) 451-8831
3.
Detroit Diesel/ Florida Detroit Diesel
2277 N.W. 14th Street
Miami, FL 33125
Phone: (305) 637-1574
Fax: (305) 637-1582
16201-1
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1.03
CODES
A.
B.
All equipment shall be provided per the requirements of the following
codes as applicable for the intended use and installation:
1.
NFPA 70, latest edition (National Electrical Code).
2.
NFPA 110, Emergency and Standby Power Systems, latest edition.
3.
UL 2200, the complete generator set shall be UL listed.
Emissions
1.
1.04
Supplier shall be responsible to meet all EPA and other similar
codes.
SUBMITTALS
A.
Submittals for approval shall be provided for any and all materials. No
materials shall be used without approval from the Engineer
B.
Refer to the General Requirements for documentation of Shop Drawings
and O&M Manuals.
C.
Provide additional submittal information:
1.
Engine manufacturer, model number, power output parameters,
Drawings and elevations of the units, entrance points for power,
control, fuel, storage and foundation requirements.
2.
Engine Generator/Exciter control cubical.
3.
Fuel consumption rate curves at ¼, 2/4, ¾, 4/4 loads.
4.
Exhaust mufflers and vibration isolators.
5.
Battery charger, batteries and battery racks.
6.
Diesel Storage Tank, day tank and fuel connection points.
7.
Cooling water requirements of radiator.
8.
Engine cooling air requirements and radiator fan capacity.
9.
Electrical diagrams including schematic and interconnection
wiring diagrams for all equipment to be provided.
16201-2
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10.
Legends for all devices on all diagrams.
11.
Sequence of operation, explanations of all portions of schematic
wiring diagrams.
12.
Provide load calculations including starting and running kVA.
13.
Transient voltage response calculation, no voltage transient shall
dip below 25%.
D.
The specified kW shall be for continuous electrical service during
interruption of the normal utility source. These ratings must be
substantiated by manufacturer’s standard published curves. Special
ratings or maximum ratings are not acceptable.
E.
O&M Manuals
1.
F.
Warranty
1.
1.05
Refer to the General Requirements.
The Installing Contractor shall be responsible to generate and
provide to the Engineer scaled layout Drawings of the generator
room clearly depicting detailed dimensions of the mechanical
installation of all generator equipment including generator set,
vibration isolators, day tank and associated piping, exhaust flex
and muffler and associated piping as intended to be physically
located and installed within the generator room. Include detailed
and dimensioned elevation Drawings depicting the installation
mounting height of all equipment and piping, including the exhaust
system with the required insulation system installed within the
generator room. The scaled installation Drawings provided shall
indicate satisfactory installation and appropriate clearances for all
installed equipment and piping systems.
WARRANTY
A.
Equipment furnished under this section shall be guaranteed against
defective parts and workmanship under terms of the manufacturer’s and
dealer’s standard warranty for a period of no less than five (5) years from
the date of the Owner’s acceptance of the unit.
16201-3
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PART 2
PRODUCTS
2.01
ENGINE
A.
Engine shall be watercooled 4 cycle inline or vee type compression
ignition diesel. It shall meet specifications when operating on No. 2
domestic burner oil. The engine shall be equipped with fuel, lube oil,
coolant, exhaust system, silencer, fuel transfer pump, fuel priming pump,
fuel water separator, service run time meter, engine driven water pump,
engine driven alternator for batteries, batteries, instrument/control panel
including: lube oil pressure gauge, tachometer, system voltage, jacket
water temperature gauge, system diagnostics code display, other auxiliary
equipment as may be required for proper operation of the units. Provide
jacket water heater. Provide one at 3 kW each, 208 volts.
B.
An electronic governor system shall provide automatic isochronous
frequency regulation. The governing system dynamic capabilities shall be
controlled as a function of engine coolant temperature to provide fast,
stable operation at varying engine operating temperature conditions. The
control system shall actively control the fuel rate and excitation as
appropriate to the state of the generator set. Fuel rate shall be regulated as
a function of starting, accelerating to start disconnect speed, accelerating
to rated speed, and operating in various isochronous or parallel states.
C.
The engine/generator set shall be mounted on a structural steel sub-base
and shall be provided with suitable quad spring vibration isolators.
D.
Safety devices for protection of the units shall be provided as per the
generator Supplier and shall minimally include: shutoffs for high water
temperature, low oil pressure, overspeed and engine overcrank.
E.
Guards shall be provided over all exposed moving parts per OSHA.
2.02
ALTERNATOR
A.
The AC generator shall be synchronous, four pole, 2/3 pitch, revolving
field, drip-proof construction, single pre-lubricated sealed bearing, air
cooled by a direct drive centrifugal blower fan, and directly connected to
the engine with flexible drive disc. All insulation system components
shall meet NEMA MG1 temperature limits for Class H insulation system.
Actual temperature rise measured by resistance method at full load shall
not exceed 80 degrees Centrigrade. Supplier shall supply the alternator
suitable for the load. If a lower temperature rise alternator is required then
it shall be provided.
16201-4
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B.
The generator shall be capable of delivering rated output (kVA) at rated
frequency and power factor at any voltage not more than 5 percent above
or below rated voltage.
C.
A permanent magnet generator (PMG) shall be included to provide a
reliable source of excitation power for optimum motor starting and short
circuit performance. The PMG and controls shall be capable of sustaining
circuit performance. The PMG and controls shall be capable of sustaining
and regulating current supplied to a single phase or three phase fault at
approximately 300% of rated current for not more than 10 seconds.
D.
The subtransient reactance of the alternator shall not exceed 12 percent
based on the standby rating of the generator set.
E.
Space Heater – Alternator shall be provided with 120V, 100W max. space
heater interlocked with generator run relay.
2.03
COOLING SYSTEM
A.
Radiator – An engine mounted radiator with blower type fan shall be sized
to maintain safe operation at 122 degrees Fahrenheit maximum ambient
temperature.
B.
The engine cooling system shall be pretreated by the Engine Supplier for
the inhibiting of internal corrosion.
C.
The radiator shall exhaust through the building.
2.04
EXHAUST SYSTEM
A.
The engine exhaust system shall be installed to discharge combustion
gases quickly and silently with minimum restriction. The exhaust system
including the generator exhaust silencer shall be designed for minimum
restriction and in no case shall the total exhaust system (including piping
system as installed) backpressure restriction imposed on the engine at full
operating load exceed the engine manufacturer’s maximum allowable
exhaust backpressure.
B.
All exhaust piping shall be Schedule 40 heavy walled steel piping. The
generator exhaust muffler and all exhaust piping located within the
generator room shall be covered with appropriate insulation and shielding.
Piping shall be installed with 16 inches minimum clearance from
combustible materials.
C.
The generator exhaust silencer shall be installed inside of the generator
room and exhaust piping terminated as shown on the Contract Drawings.
The exhaust silencer and associated piping shall be installation supported
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and braced to prevent weight or thermal growth from being transferred to
the engine. Flexible expansion fittings shall be provided to accommodate
thermal growth. Support dampers and springs shall be included where
necessary to isolate damaging vibrations. All exhaust system piping,
installation hardware and materials, insulation materials and installation of
the entire exhaust system shall be provided by the Installing Contractor.
D.
The exhaust silencer (muffler) shall be “hospital” grade to provide
extreme noise attenuation for environments with low background noise
where slight noise emissions would be objectionable. The silencer shall
be aluminized steel body construction, prime painted with high
temperature finish coating and manufacturer rated and capable of up to 3540 dBA attenuation at between 125 and 2000 Hz octave band center
frequencies. The silencer shall incorporate installed inlet and outlet ASA
flanges and configured as shown on the Contract Drawings. The silencer
shall also be furnished with inlet and outlet weld on type ANSI companion
flanges with gaskets and bolts/nuts and an appropriately sized stainless
steel bellows type engine expansion flex connector for connection to the
engine. Any required extension/spool piece piping connection from the
exhaust flex to the installed muffler shall be furnished and installed by the
Installing Contractor. The silencer’s exhaust inlet flange location on the
silencer shall be configured so as to fit and be properly installed in the
generator room space available.
E.
The silencer shall be furnished with a N.P.T. drain fitting. The exhaust
piping from the muffler shall be extended horizontally and with a slight
pitch downward and away from the generator to discharge engine exhaust
gases and to facilitate exhaust silencer and piping drainage. The Installing
Contractor shall provide and install stainless steel construction manual
isolation shutoff drain valves and carbon steel piping drain lines in the end
of the muffler and at the low point in the exhaust piping and piped by the
Installing Contractor to a readily accessible location beneath the muffler.
Appropriately rated high temperature resistant gaskets shall be utilized for
all exhaust system flanged connections.
F.
The Installation Contractor shall be responsible to confirm and provide
documentation indicating that the physical size and construction of
muffler to be furnished shall be adequate to properly locate and install the
muffler and associated exhaust piping system, including insulation in the
generator room with the generator set in its installed location. The exhaust
muffler installed inlet shall be relocated as necessary and shall be
constructed with manufacturer approved physical locations of the
muffler’s inlet and outlet location on the muffler.
G.
Exhaust piping from the muffler shall be stainless steel and shall be
extended to outside of the building as shown on the Contract Drawings.
The exhaust piping shall be routed through the building structure through
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an industrial pre-manufactured stainless steel construction exhaust piping
thimble to be installed at the point of generator room penetration. The
exhaust pipe termination point shall incorporate a 45 degree angle cut with
bird screen installed in the opening for horizontal discharge, or
with an
exhaust aluminum counter weighted rain cap with brass collar for vertical
discharge of the exhaust gases.
H.
2.05
The entire generator set equipment exhaust system, including each engine
exhaust muffler and all exhaust piping installed inside of the generator
room from the top of the engine installed exhaust flexible connector(s) to
the point of generator room exhaust piping penetration(s) shall be covered
with insulation of a non-combustible type and jacketed with an aluminum
jacket. The insulation shall be minimum of 4 inch thick, Fibrex Industrial
Flexible Batt Insulation IF1260, or equal, and for the piping shall be
Coreplus 1200 insulation, or equal, held in place with stainless steel
banding and covered with 0.020 inch aluminum jacket, secured with
stainless steel screws and jacketing overlapped a minimum of 3 inches.
The exhaust system insulation materials and aluminum jacket shall be
separately applied and completely installed on site after the exhaust
system is installed within the generator room. All exhaust system fittings
from the top of the engine exhaust flexible connector to the point exhaust
piping penetration out of the generator room shall be insulated with
secured MF pipe covering material, cut to fit, and must be field removable
for flange inspections. No asbestos or asbestos bearing products shall be
used, no exceptions. Any other flexible sections of the exhaust piping
system shall be protected by a removable suitable metal guard, constructed
so as to prevent personal injury from a burn if in contact with bare flesh.
AUTOMATIC STARTING SYSTEM
A.
Starting Motor – A DC electric starting system with positive engagement
drive shall be provided. The motor voltage shall be as recommended by
the engine manufacturer.
B.
Automatic control – Fully automatic generator start/stop controls in the
generator control panel shall be provided. Controls shall provide
shutdowns for low oil pressure, emergency stop, high water temp, engine
overspeed, low coolant level, overcrank, internal fault shutdown. Controls
shall include a 30 second cranking cycle with lock out. Lock out shall
have remote reset capability.
C.
Batteries – A lead acid storage battery set of the heavy duty special
starting type shall be provided. Battery voltage shall be compatible with
the starting system. Battery set shall be rated for no less than 172 amp
hours. Free standing corrosion resistant battery racks and necessary cables
shall be provided. Batteries shall be unit mounted.
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D.
2.06
Battery Charger – Current limiting battery charger shall be furnished to
automatically recharge the batteries. Charger shall be the float charging
type furnished to properly charge the batteries. It shall include overload
protection, silicone diode full wave rectifiers, voltage surge suppressor,
DC ampmeter, DC voltmeter, fused AC input. Input power shall be 120V
single phase. A battery charger fail alarm contact shall be provided.
GENERATOR CONTROL PANEL
A.
B.
Generator Set Control
1.
The generator set shall be provided with a microprocessor-based
control system that is designed to provide automatic starting,
monitoring and control functions for the generator set. The control
system shall also be designed to allow local monitoring and control
of the generator set and remote monitoring and control as
described in this specification.
2.
The control shall be mounted on the generator set. The control
shall be vibration isolated and prototype tested to verify the
durability of all components in the system under the vibration
conditions encountered.
Generator set A/C output metering
1.
The generator set shall be provided with a metering set including
the following features and functions:
a.
C.
Digital metering set, 0.5% accuracy, to indicate generator
RMS voltage and current, frequency, output current, output
KW, KW-hours, and power factor. Generator output
voltage shall be available in line-to-line and line-to-neutral
voltages, and shall display all three phase voltages (line to
neutral or line to line) simultaneously.
Generator Set Alarm and Status Display
1.
The generator set shall be provided with alarm and status
indicating lamps to indicate non-automatic generator status and
existing warning and shutdown conditions. The lamps shall be
high intensity LED type. The lamp condition shall be clearly
apparent under bright room lighting conditions. The generator set
control shall indicate the existence of the following alarm and
shutdown conditions on an alphanumeric digital display panel:
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ALARM
Low oil pressure
Oil pressure sender failure
Low coolant temperature
High coolant temperature
Engine temperature sender failure
Low DC voltage
High DC voltage
Weak battery
Low fuel-daytank
Ground fault
Over load
Low coolant level
SHUTDOWN
Low oil pressure (shutdown)
High coolant temperature (shutdown)
Fail to crank (shutdown)
Fail to start/overcrank (shutdown)
Overspeed (shutdown)
High AC voltage (shutdown)
Low AC voltage (shutdown)
Under frequency (shutdown)
Over current (shutdown)
Short circuit (shutdown)
Emergency stop (shutdown)
Low coolant level
WARNING
Over current (warning)
D.
2.07
2.
Provide form “A” contacts for each of the above to be used in
SCADA system.
3.
Provide common fault alarm.
Unit shall work with ATS. All labor and material shall be provided to
coordinate the installation with the ATS.
GENERATOR RATINGS
A.
The size of the generator shall be 350 kW or as minimally indicated in the
drawings and be rated .8 PF. Increase generator size as may be required.
All loads are considered fully loaded.
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2.08
MAIN LINE CIRCUIT BREAKER
A.
Unit shall be provided as an integral main line circuit breaker, 480V, 3
phase, rated as indicated in the Drawings with an interrupting rating
exceeding the generator output.
B.
Provide circuit breaker unit mounted in oversized circuit breaker
enclosure.
C.
Unit shall be provided with 100% rated circuit breaker with ground fault
indication.
2.09
FLUIDS
A.
2.10
Unit shall be provided with all fluids, fully fuelled and ready for
immediate use.
SPECIAL FEATURES
A.
Refer to the drawings. Provide and receive signals as indicated.
B.
Provide output from Gen.CP to SCADA for the following:
C.
D.
1.
Battery system failure
2.
Generator run status
3.
Generator shutdown
Receive input from the plant control system for the following:
1.
Low fuel in main tank shutdown.
2.
Provide manual reset.
From the ATS, provide and receive the following signals:
1.
E.
2.11
Start/stop the generator based upon loss of normal power.
Provide fused 24 VDC source to shunt trip the main breaker based upon
break glass control station operation. Prohibit engine start based on break
glass operation.
BREAK GLASS CONTROL STATION
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A.
2.12
Provide unit to shunt trip the remote main breaker and prohibit engine start
or run. The excitation voltage for the shunt trip shall come from the DC
battery circuit. See the drawings.
1.
Shunt trip the main remote breaker. Provide contacts on main
breaker to remove excitation voltage.
2.
Shunt trip the mainline circuit breaker. Provide contacts on main
line breaker to remove excitation voltage.
3.
Stop engine and prohibit restart.
3.
Lock out generator and allow reset via the engine control panel.
DAY TANK
A.
Provide frame-mounted day tank with a minimum volume for 2-hour fuel
supply at 100% base-load operation.
B.
Provide continuous day tank level control probe arranged to monitor fuel
level in percentage of volume. Probe shall be designed to control highlevel/return pump on, high-high level/system shut-down, and low-level
level.
C.
Provide 1” day tank supply flow control manifold connection to the
existing diesel supply system. Manifold shall contain at a minimum one
(1) normally closed solenoid valve that shall open when the tank demands
fuel, isolation ball valves for the solenoid, by-pass tee with ball valve,
basket type strainer, and flow switch. Piping shall be schedule 40, ASTM
Grade A-53 black steel pipe. Threaded fittings and unions will not be
accepted.
D.
Provide tank mounted fuel return pump capable of pumping against the
static head in the fuel tank and return line. In no case shall the minimum
capacity be less than 10 GPM at 50 psig when operating with diesel fuel.
E.
Provide factory assembled “packaged” duplex fuel oil pump set per
generator and engine manufacturer’s recommendation and specification.
F.
The control strategy for the day tank demand system, fuel return pump,
and fuel supply pumps shall be microprocessor-based, shall have sufficient
I/O to accomplish all necessary control functions, and may be integrated
into the Generator Control Panel.
PART 3
EXECUTION
3.01
INSTALLATION
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A.
3.02
Unit shall be installed in accordance with Manufacturer’s instructions.
TESTS
A.
The unit shall be tested at rated frequency and voltage.
B.
Following installation, the following tests shall be performed by the
system manufacturer’s local dealer representative(s) in the presence of the
Engineer:
1. Pre-start checks:
C.
a.
Oil level
b.
Water level
c.
Tank fuel level
d.
Battery connection and charge condition
e.
Engine to control interconnects
f.
Engine generator intake/exhaust obstructions
Supplier shall provide onsite operation tests
1. Load – One hour operation at 80% of full load rating. Two hours
operation at 100% of full load rating. After the first half hour
stabilization period at full load, the following shall be recorded at
fifteen minute intervals:
a. Voltage, amps and frequency.
b. Fuel pressure, oil pressure and water temperature.
c. Exhaust gas temperature at engine exhaust outlet.
d. Ambient temperature
e.
Kilowatts
f.
Power factor
g.
kVARS
h.
Generator temperature
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3.03
2.
Test shall utilize resistive load banks for the full load. Minimum
load shall be equal to the nameplate rating of the engine/generator
set in kW. Generator Supplier shall supply all load banks
equipment necessary for connecting generator to load banks.
Supplier shall provide all labor and material to perform test.
3.
Proper operation of controls, engine shutdown and safety devices
shall be demonstrated.
4.
Should these tests indicate that the equipment does not meet the
specified performance requirements, National Electrical Code and
local codes, the cost of all corrective measures shall be borne by
the Supplier.
STARTUP AND INSTRUCTION
A.
Before start up, the Supplier shall provide the services of an on site
technician to confirm proper connection of external equipment. If
acceptable to the Supplier and the Owner, the unit may be start up tested.
B.
The Owner, the generator Supplier shall provide start up assistance and
coordination as required.
C.
Operating and maintenance procedures shall be explained to the Owner’s
personnel by the Supplier’s factory trained representative.
D.
A minimum of one manday shall be provided for instructing the Owner’s
staff in the care and maintenance of the unit. Training shall be provided
by the Supplier.
E.
Proper operation of controls, engine shutdown and safety devices shall be
demonstrated.
3.04
SYSTEM SERVICE CONTRACT
A.
3.05
Supplier shall make available to the Owner, this standard service contract
which the Owner may or may not choose to exercise. This contract is
separate from the warranty requirements contained herein.
SCHEDULE OIL SAMPLING
A.
The Supplier of the equipment must provide a quarterly oil sampling
analysis for a period of one year form the date of acceptance. This
scheduled oil sampling shall be of the atomic absorption
spectrophotometry method as opposed to the spectrographic analysis
method and shall be accurate to within a fraction of one part per million
for the following elements:
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1. Iron
2. Chromium
3. Copper
4. Aluminum
5. Silicon
6. In addition the sample shall be tested for the presence of water, fuel
dilution, and antifreeze.
B.
All equipment needed to take oil samples shall be provided in a kit at the
time of acceptance and shall include the following:
1. Sample gun kit (1)
2. Bottles (4)
3. Mailers (4)
4. Written instructions (1)
C.
Immediate notification shall be provided to the Owner when analysis
results shows any critical reading. If readings are normal, a report stating
that the equipment is operating within established requirements shall be
provided.
D.
This scheduled oil sampling program shall be made available to the Owner
beyond the mandatory one (1) year specified above and shall be optional
for the Owner to continue that program after that time period has elapsed.
3.06
TRAINING
A.
Provide training of ATS and generator systems.
B.
Provide a minimum of 4 hours training. Training shall be at a time
convenient to the Owner.
C.
Operation and maintenance training shall be provided.
END OF SECTION
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SECTION 16621
ELECTRICAL AND BUILDING MODIFICATIONS FOR
CONTROLS, STARTING AND FUEL SYSTEMS RETROFIT FOR
GAS TURBINE PACKAGE
1.01 SCOPE:
The work and material described in these Specifications and
accompanying plans is for the following primary tasks:
•
•
Replacement of one (1) 480V substation
Installation of new 350kW diesel generator and transfer switch
All work will be performed at the emergency power facility of the East Central Regional
Wastewater Treatment Plant in West Palm Beach, Florida. All work shall be performed
by the Contractor unless otherwise specified. Each new system shall go “on line” as
soon as it is installed, tested and approved by the Engineer subject to the schedule
provided. All existing components removed are the property of the Owner unless
otherwise specified. A control room layout is presented as Figure 1 showing the
current layout and controls cabinet(s) locations.
The installation must be completed, tested and placed in operation prior to commencing
retrofit of additional systems. Three (3) gas turbine packages must be operational at all
times. In the event of any unusual occurrences during installation activities, the
Contractor shall inform the Engineer immediately. Manual operation of the gas turbine
packages is acceptable during construction.
After completion of installation and testing, the Contractor shall remove any temporary
equipment and/or systems that are not part of the completed retrofit and leave the site
in good condition, acceptable to the Owner.
1.02 CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE: The Contractor shall submit a detailed
construction schedule prior to commencement of any site work. The Contractor shall
note that the proposal contemplates the submittal of a Lump Sum Bid Amount
established on the basis of a certain construction schedule.
Within the Lump Sum Bid Amount, the Contractor, if necessary, shall perform
construction and testing activities at the site 12 hours per day, 7 days per week. The
Contractor shall schedule all work or tests, which will be attended by Owner and/or
Engineer, during regular working hours. All other tests not requiring Owner or Engineer
16621-1
attendance shall be performed during daylight hours (7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.), unless
prior approval from the Engineer has been obtained. It is understood that certain tests
may extend into the evening and cannot be stopped when in progress.
Contractor will perform work and testing as to minimize facility down-time. At no
time will fewer than three (3) gas turbine packages be operational without prior
approval from Owner and Engineer.
1.04 OUTLINE SPECIFICATION FOR WORK: After a Contractor has been selected,
a pre-construction meeting will be held at the Plant prior to commencement of work.
The following items represent and identify the general outline of work to be performed
by the Contractor; additional details regarding specific work items are included in
subsequent Parts of this Section.
A. Site Preparation, Mobilization and Demobilization:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Review current site conditions and record as necessary.
Mobilization to site.
Review of schedule and down-time plan.
Inventory of equipment.
Coordinate work-scope with Owner and Engineer.
Demobilization
B. Replacement of Existing 480V Substation
1. Isolate temporary power feed from existing emergency diesel generator to
MCC5A.
2. Operate emergency diesel generator to provide power to MCC5A.
3. Disconnect 4160V feed to Substation 6A.
4. Remove existing Substation 6A.
5. Install new Substation 6A (equipment as specified).
6. Commission and test as required.
C. Installation of New 350kW Diesel Generator and Transfer Switch
1. Install diesel generator and electrical disconnect at specified location
inside emergency power plant.
2. Install liquid fuel line from supply manifold to generator.
3. Install exhaust piping.
4. Install cooling system ductwork.
16621-2
5. Install transfer switch and 480V distribution panel at specified location
inside control room.
6. Install conduit from disconnect to transfer switch inside control room.
7. Pull and terminate 3-phase AC power wiring from disconnect to transfer
switch.
8. Install conduits from Substation 6A to 350kW generator transfer switch.
9. Install conduits from transfer switch distribution panel to MCC5A.
10. Pull and terminate 3-phase AC wiring from substation 6A to 350kW
generator transfer switch.
11. Pull and terminate 3-phase AC wiring from transfer switch distribution
panel to MCC5A.
12. Install DC battery charger at specified location inside generator room.
13. Install 1 ½”conduit from generator to PLC-3 cabinet in control room.
14. Pull and terminate control wiring from generator to PLC-3.
15. Commission and test operation of diesel generator in accordance with
Engineer.
1.05 DAILY LOG: The Contractor shall maintain a detailed daily log of the
construction and testing operations activity for the duration of the project. The logs shall
be maintained in an organized ledger and shall give a detailed description of the daily
activity as well as daily starting and stopping points. The logs shall include a record of
all down time due to planned and unplanned activity and any other pertinent data as
may be required by the Engineer. All Contractor and Sub-Contractor activity shall be
recorded in a single log for submission to the Engineer. Two copies of the daily log
shall be submitted to the Engineer (or Engineer’s representative) on a daily basis.
1.06 AS-INSTALLED DRAWINGS: Upon completion of the work, the Contractor shall
supply the Engineer with accurate and reproducible as-installed drawings of all electrical
and mechanical installations. The drawings shall show conduit sizes, wire sizes,
electrical specifications and ratings, installed components, mechanical dimensions and
other information that may be required by the Engineer and regulatory agencies,
including deviations from the proposed construction details noted.
1.07 STANDBY TIME: The Owner may order the Contractor to stop operations so
that extra work not included in these Specifications, such as testing and additional data
collection, can be performed. The Owner and Engineer shall schedule the request so it
causes a minimum of delay. The Contractor shall be reimbursed at hourly rates listed in
the unit price bid form. All standby time for which extra payment will be made shall be
approved by the Engineer in writing in advance.
16621-3
1.08 GUARANTEE: The Contractor guarantees that the work and service to be
performed under the Contract and all workmanship, materials, equipment performed,
furnished, used or installed in the work shall be free from defect and flaws, and shall be
performed and furnished in strict accordance with the Contract documents; that the
strength of all parts of all manufactured equipment shall be adequate and as specified;
and that the performance test requirements of the Contract documents shall be fulfilled.
The Contractor shall repair, correct or replace all damage to the work resulting from
failures covered by the guarantee. The guarantee shall remain in effect for one year
from the final date of final acceptance by the Owner.
1.09 PERMITS: The Contractor shall be responsible for securing any permits,
licenses, or approvals that must be obtained from City of West Palm Beach, Palm
Beach County, the State of Florida, or any other local regulatory entity.
1.10 DEMOBILIZATION: Upon completion of the work, the Contractor shall
disassemble all temporary equipment modifications from the site and demobilize. The
Contractor shall remove all equipment which is not part of the plant and leave the site in
a condition acceptable to the Owner. The Contractor shall broom clean interior
surfaces. The Contractor shall utilize videotape record of Site conditions and shall
return the Site to original or better condition as defined by the Engineer. The cost for
demobilization shall be included in the lump-sum price for mobilization, site preparation
and demobilization.
PART 2 – EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATION
2.01 480V SUBSTATION: The Contractor will provide and install a new 480V
substation to replace the existing Substation 6A inside the control room. The substation
will have these minimum specifications:
1. One (1) 5kV Single Load Interrupter Switch
a. (Copper-silver Bus) single 60 kV BIL 600 Amps/40kA Mom/40kA Fault
closing
b. NEMA 1 unit
c. Front and rear access
d. Full vertical barrier
e. Horizontal barrier
f. 60” depth
g. Bus boots
h. Ground Bus
2. Single 600A Switch
16621-4
3.
4.
5.
6.
a. Cable transition to VPI Dry Type; Standard (XF – HV on left)
b. Distribution class arrestor
c. Current limiting fuse
d. Spare fuses
e. One (1) cable size 500 kcmil Enter at top w/o loop to NEMA drill only
f. Spare fuse holder
g. Run back Bus
500 kVA SST Transformer, Dry (VPI)
a. Primary 4160V
b. Secondary 480Y/277V
c. Copper windings
d. NEMA 1, 150 deg C rise
One (1) Spectra Bolt-on AV1 Swb (108A)
a. One service entrance with labeling
b. 3P,4W/480/277V/60Hz; 600A 42kAIC Fully Rated
c. Type 1 enclosure, front access only
d. One group mounted feeder section 35W
e. One Bus bracing 65000 AIC
f. One tapered copper Bus heat rated
g. Dry transformer transition at left end; full height side barriers
Service Disconnects
a. One (1) 500A 3 pole SGLA6 (600A Frame)
b. One padlock provision
c. One mechanical copper load lugs
Other
a. One fan control power
b. Lifting brackets
c. One Spectra Bolt-on (C/B feeders only) 18X
d. 1 neutral lugs
2.02 TRANSFER SWITCH AND 480V POWER DISTRIBUTION PANEL: The
Contractor will provide a suitable transfer switch in accordance with PIP ELSAP20.
The switch will transfer supply power source from Substation 6A (normal operation
mode) to the 350kW generator (emergency back-up mode). The transfer switch will
feed a 480V distribution panel. The distribution panel will provide 480V power to
MCC5A and the VFD MCC. The transfer switch will have a manual bypass feature.
2.03 350 kW DIESEL GENERATOR: The Contractor will provide a nominal 350kW
skid-mounted diesel generator in accordance with Specification 16201. The diesel
16621-5
generator will be supplied with a DC battery start system and DC battery charging
system in accordance with Specification 16201.
16621-6
SECTION 16721
VIDEO SYSTEM
PART 1
GENERAL
1.01
DESCRIPTION
A.
This section of the specification includes the furnishing, installation, connection and
testing of the video system.
B.
These specifications and associated drawings constitute the minimum requirements.
C.
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL) - USA: System components shall be UL listed.
D.
Specialty providers shall include:
1.02
1.
System shall be based on IV&C Longwatch System with HD IP Cameras
and computer based video recording system. The Local manufacturer’s
representative is InSources, 877-467-6872.
2.
CC Controls shall be responsible for the video system; the services of special
video system Contractor (for installation), Mike Cronin of Contractor Alarm
Services (561 747-3861) shall be a sub-Contractor to CC controls.
3.
The services of Gary Yocum, P.E. of WSW (321-230-3716) to verify and
confirm the spare pair of fiber optic, communications between the
Generator Building and the Operations Building, locate and label the spare
fibers for the video system use.
SCOPE
A.
The system shall be installed in accordance to the project specifications and
drawings.
B.
Basic Performance (minimum requirements):
1.
All cameras shall be weather proof, IP based, with daytime and nighttime
CMOS with progressive scan. Color when adequate light levels exist.
Cameras shall auto switch to black and white when low levels exist.
Cameras shall be used indoors at temperature not to exceed 105˚F. Cameras
shall use indoor lighting.
16721-1
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C.
2.
Cameras shall provide 1920x1080p HD video capability with H.264 HD
video standard compatibility and a capture frame rate of 25 to 30 frames per
second at full resolution.
3.
The video server computer shall be based on a Dell (or equal) I-7 multi-core
CPU with 8 Gigabytes of RAM and two mirror 4 TeraBytes minimum of
7200 rpm SATA III enterprise rated Hard drives. Windows Storage Server 8
shall be provided as the OS.
4.
A HD 1080p flat panel monitor with an HDMI input shall be provided.
5.
A video rack console system as indicated on the drawings, along with power
supply, UPS, power TVSS, Cat. 5 TVSS, slide out racks for
keypad/keyboard and mouse, the video recording computer system, and the
patch panel, and video cameras power supply, and the like shall be supplied
and installed as indicated on the drawings. Rack shall house the rack
mounted computer/DVR, patch panel, power supply, keyboard/mouse, UPS,
and monitor.
7.
Provide TVSS for the camera power supply at the Video Console and at the
camera.
8.
Provide TVSS for the Cat. 5 cable at the Video Console and at the remote
camera.
9.
Provide installation and configure the video management system including
software for the video console, Operations building, remote internet
monitoring and the like.
10.
Provide and configure all hardware and software.
Video system, hardware, software and configuration elements shall be provided by
the I&C Contractor using the named Supplier. Minimum elements include:
1.
LongWatch (LW) Video Engine, software server, support for 12 IP
addressable cameras.
2.
LW video Control center, and Rack mounted Computer.
3.
LW system shall be upwardly migratable and suitable for future integration
with the WWTP SCADA.
4.
LW cameras and licensed. See the drawings. Cameras shall be IV&C MZHD33-02 Series, with HD, IP addressable, manual zoom features.
16721-2
11/21/2012 10:16 AM
1.03
5.
IV&C outdoor rated surge protection.
6.
LW productivity suite
7.
LW viewer, so that the LW system may be viewed, simultaneously from 3
locations.
8.
LW standard extended Software Protection
9.
LW Premium extended hardware protection
10.
LW shall provide configuration, onsite startup (min 2days) training.
11.
Provide the remote laptop, Dell Inspiron, 15z Ultrabook. See the drawings
for more requirements.
12.
Configuration shall be by CC Control.
SUBMITTALS
A.
B.
General
1.
Two copies of all submittals shall be submitted to the Owner/Engineer for
review.
2.
All references to manufacturer's model numbers and other pertinent
information herein is intended to establish minimum standards of
performance, function and quality. Equivalent compatible UL-listed
equipment from other manufacturers may be substituted for the specified
equipment as long as the minimum standards are met. Substitutions are
subject to rejection.
3.
For equipment other than that specified, the contractor shall supply proof that
such substitute equipment equals or exceeds the features, functions,
performance, and quality of the specified equipment.
Shop Drawings:
1.
Sufficient information, clearly presented, shall be included to determine
compliance with drawings and specifications.
2.
Include manufacturer's name(s), model numbers, ratings, power
requirements, equipment layout, device arrangement, complete wiring pointto-point diagrams, and conduit layouts.
16721-3
11/21/2012 10:16 AM
3.
C.
D.
E.
Manuals
1.
Submit simultaneously with the shop drawings, complete operating and
maintenance manuals listing the manufacturer's name(s), including technical
data sheets.
2.
Wiring diagrams shall indicate internal wiring for each device and the
interconnections between the items of equipment. Power requirements shall
be included.
3.
Provide a clear and concise description of operation that gives, in detail, the
information required to properly operate the equipment and system.
Setup and Configuration
1.
Provide the services of a qualified technician to perform all system setup,
modifications, upgrades or changes. Response time of the technician to the
site shall not exceed 4 hours.
2.
Provide all hardware, software, programming tools and documentation
necessary to support the system. Work includes addition of devices, circuits
and camera zones.
Certifications
1.
1.04
Show layout, configurations, and terminations.
Together with the shop drawing submittal, submit a certification from the
major equipment manufacturer indicating that the proposed supervisor of the
installation and the proposed performer of contract maintenance is an
authorized representative of the major equipment manufacturer. Include
names and addresses in the certification.
GUARRANTY
A.
1.05
All work performed and all material and equipment furnished under this contract
shall be free from defects and shall remain so for a period of at least one (1) year
from the date of acceptance. The full cost of maintenance, labor and materials
required to correct any defect during this one year period shall be included in the
submittal bid.
MAINTENANCE
A.
Maintenance and testing shall be on a semi-annual schedule or as required by the
Owner and is not included with this contract. The contractor shall provide a
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11/21/2012 10:16 AM
preventive maintenance schedule describing the protocol for preventive
maintenance. The schedule shall include:
1.06
1.
Systematic examination, adjustment and cleaning of all components.
2.
Each circuit in the video system shall be tested semiannually.
APPLICABLE STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS:
A.
The system and its components shall be Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. listed under
the appropriate UL testing standard as listed herein for fire alarm applications and
the installation shall be in compliance with the UL listing.
C.
Local and State Building Codes.
D.
All requirements of the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ).
1.07
APPROVALS
A.
The system, as a whole, shall have proper listing and/or approval from the following
nationally recognized agencies:
UL
Underwriters Laboratories Inc
PART 2
PRODUCTS
2.01
COMPONENTS
A.
Provide power supply to cameras; include 120 VAC input; 24 VAC fused output to
cameras (or similar), unit shall be mounted in video console. Include approximately
70 VA per camera; verify with camera requirements.
B.
All video, Ethernet patch cables shall be provided.
C.
A framed and skinned console shall be provided with a pullout drawer housing the
keypad or keyboard and mouse.
D.
Finger safe power distribution within the console shall be provided.
PART 3
EXECUTION
3.01
INSTALLATION
A.
Installation shall be in accordance with the local and state codes, as shown on the
drawings, and as recommended by the equipment manufacturer.
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11/21/2012 10:16 AM
B.
3.02
All conduit, junction boxes, conduit supports and hangers shall be concealed in
finished areas and may be exposed in unfinished areas. If construction is ongoing
during this period, measures shall be taken to protect cameras from contamination
and physical damage.
TEST
The service of a competent, factory-trained engineer or technician authorized by the
manufacturer of the video system shall be provided to technically supervise and
participate during all of the adjustments and tests for the system. All testing shall be
in accordance with the manufacturer instructions.
A.
3.03
Before energizing the cables and wires, check for correct connections and test for
short circuits, ground faults, continuity, and insulation.
FINAL INSPECTION
A.
3.04
At the final inspection, a factory-trained representative of the manufacturer of the
equipment shall demonstrate that the system functions properly in every respect.
INSTRUCTION
A.
Instruction shall be provided as required for operating the system. Hands-on
demonstrations of the operation of all system components and the entire system
including program or set up changes and functions shall be provided.
B.
The contractor and/or the systems manufacturer's representatives shall provide a
typewritten "Operational Instruction."
C.
Provide 8 hours of instruction at a time convenient to the Owner.
END OF SECTION
16721-6
11/21/2012 10:16 AM
November 2002
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES
In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these
technical requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and
engineering costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While
this Practice is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users,
individual applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take
precedence over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and
particular matters or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering
situations should not be made solely on information contained in these materials. The
use of trade names from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of
preference but rather recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the
same specifications are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All
Practices or guidelines are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and
regulations including OSHA requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines
should conflict with OSHA or other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or
regulations must be followed. Consult an appropriate professional before applying or
acting on any material contained in or suggested by the Practice.
This Practice is subject to revision at any time by the responsible Function Team and
will be reviewed every 5 years. This Practice will be revised, reaffirmed, or withdrawn.
Information on whether this Practice has been revised may be found at www.pip.org.
© Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The
University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin,
Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any
kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written
authorization of PIP.
PIP will not consider requests for interpretations (inquiries) for this Practice.
Not printed with State funds
November 2002
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
Table of Contents
2. References ................................... 3
5.4 Metering, Monitoring, and Relaying . 10
5.5 Switchgear ....................................... 10
5.6 Switchgear and Substation
Batteries........................................... 11
5.7 Switchgear Buildings and
Enclosures ....................................... 11
2.1 Process Industry Practices ................ 3
2.2 Industry Codes and Standards .......... 5
6. Motors......................................... 11
3. System Design Criteria................ 6
7. Motor Control............................. 11
3.1 General .............................................. 6
3.2 Electrical Code Compliance............... 6
3.3 System Protection and
Coordination ...................................... 6
3.4 Utility Interface Parameters ............... 7
3.5 System Parameters ........................... 7
3.6 Steady State Voltage ......................... 7
3.7 Motor-Starting Voltage Drop .............. 7
3.8 Design Allowance .............................. 8
3.9 Power Factor ..................................... 8
3.10 Harmonics.......................................... 8
3.11 Electrical Equipment Rooms ............. 8
7.1 Single-Phase Motor Control............. 11
7.2 480-Volt Motor Control..................... 11
7.3 Low-Voltage Adjustable
Speed Drives ................................... 12
7.4 Medium-Voltage Motor Control........ 12
8. Grounding .................................. 13
4. Electrical Area Classification...... 9
9. Lighting ...................................... 14
5. Power Distribution....................... 9
9.1 Illumination Levels ........................... 14
9.2 Luminaires and Circuits ................... 15
5.1 System Configuration ........................ 9
5.2 Utility Interface and Unit Substations . 9
5.3 Transformers ................................... 10
10. Power Receptacles and
Convenience Outlets................ 15
1. Introduction .................................. 3
1.1 Purpose ............................................. 3
1.2 Scope................................................. 3
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
Substation........................................ 13
System Grounding ........................... 13
Equipment Grounding...................... 13
Plant Grounding System .................. 14
Static Electricity Grounding.............. 14
10.1 120-Volt Receptacles....................... 15
Process Industry Practices
Page 1 of 20
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
10.2 480-Volt Receptacles .......................15
10.3 Specialty Receptacles ......................16
11. Wiring Methods .........................16
11.1 Cable Tray........................................16
11.2 Aboveground Conduit and Fittings ...16
11.3 Underground Conduit and
Duct Banks .......................................17
11.4 Direct Burial......................................18
11.5 Overhead Pole Lines........................18
11.6 Messenger Cable .............................18
12. Power and Control Wiring........18
13. Instrumentation.........................18
14. Freeze Protection and Process
Heat-Tracing Systems ..............18
15. Cathodic Protection..................19
16. Uninterruptible/Standby Power
Supply........................................19
17. Electrical Requirements for
Skid-Mounted or Packaged
Systems .....................................20
18. Lightning Protection.................20
Page 2 of 20
Process Industry Practices
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
1.
Introduction
1.1
Purpose
This Practice defines general requirements and the basis for the design of the
electrical system for a process industry facility.
1.2
Scope
This Practice is limited to the definition of general design requirements for electrical
systems. It shall be used along with other design specifications provided by the
owner for the project and shall be used with the referenced documentation to develop
the detailed system design.
2.
References
Applicable requirements in the latest edition (or the edition indicated) of the following
industry standards and Process Industry Practices shall be considered an integral part of this
Practice. Revision (or edition) of codes, standards, and specifications in effect at the
inception of the project shall apply for the duration of the project. Short titles will be used
herein if appropriate.
2.1
Process Industry Practices (PIP)
Note: - Where a company has adopted a PIP Practice with changes, deletions, or
additions, such modifications shall take precedence over the base PIP Practice.
– PIP ELEHA01 - Engineering Procedure for Developing Electrical Area
Classifications
– PIP ELIGD000 - Grounding Installation Details
– PIP ELIMT000 - Motor Installation Details
– PIP ELIMTN00 - Motor Installation Details - Nameplate
– PIP ELIMTS00 - Motor Installation Details - Stand
– PIP ELIMTT00 - Motor Installation Details - Terminal Box
– PIP ELSAP01 - Battery Chargers for Station Batteries
– PIP ELSAP03 - Design and Fabrication of Online Ferroresonant
Uninterruptible Power Supply System
– PIP ELSAP04 - Design and Fabrication of Online Pulse Width Modulated
Uninterruptible Power Supply System
– PIP ELSAP11 - Design and Fabrication of Flooded-Cell Lead-Acid Batteries
for Electrical Stations
– PIP ELSAP12 - Design and Fabrication of Valve Regulated Lead-Acid
Batteries for Station Application
– PIP ELSAP15 - Design and Fabrication of Flooded-Cell Lead-Acid Batteries
for Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) Application
Process Industry Practices
Page 3 of 20
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
– PIP ELSAP16 - Design and Fabrication of Valve Regulated Lead-Acid
Batteries for Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) Application
– PIP ELSGS01 - Design and Fabrication of High Resistance Grounding System
(Wye System, 600 Volts or below)
– PIP ELSGS02 - Design and Fabrication of High Resistance Grounding System
(Delta System, 600 Volts or below)
– PIP ELSGS03 - Design and Fabrication of High Resistance Grounding System
(Wye System, 2400 Volts)
– PIP ELSG04 - Design and Fabrication of High Resistance Grounding System
(Delta System, 2400 Volts)
– PIP ELSGS05 - Design and Fabrication of High Resistance Grounding System
(Wye System, 4160 Volts)
– PIP ELSGS06 - Design and Fabrication of High Resistance Grounding System
(Delta System, 4160 Volts)
– PIP ELSGS11 - Design and Fabrication of Low Resistance Neutral Grounding
Resistor 2.4 to 15kV
– PIP ELSMC12 - Low-Voltage Fused Switch Motor Control Centers
– PIP ELSMC13 - Low-Voltage Circuit Breaker Motor Control Centers
– PIP ELSMC20 - Specification for Procurement of Low-Voltage AC Adjustable
Speed Drive
– PIP ELSMC21 - Medium-Voltage AC Adjustable Speed Drives
– PIP ELSMT01 - AC Squirrel Cage Induction Motors (200 HP and below up to
600 Volts)
– PIP ELSMT02 - General Purpose Application of API 541 “Form-Wound
Squirrel-Cage Induction Motors 250 Horsepower and Larger”
– PIP ELSMT03 - Special Purpose Application of API 541 “Form-Wound
Squirrel-Cage Induction Motors 250 Horsepower and Larger”
– PIP ELSMT04 - AC Synchronous Motors with Brushless Excitation Systems
– PIP ELSPS01 - Electrical Requirements for Packaged Equipment
– PIP ELSSG01 - Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal Enclosed AC
Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
– PIP ELSSG02 - Medium-Voltage Metal-Clad Switchgear from 2.4 kV to
34.5 kV
– PIP ELSSG03 - Design and Fabrication of Medium-Voltage Metal-Enclosed
Interrupter Switchgear with Air Break Switches
– PIP ELSSG11 - Design and Fabrication of Electrical Power Center
– PIP ELSSG12 - Design and Fabrication of Outdoor Enclosures for Motor
Controllers and Switchgear
– PIP ELSTR01 - Design and Manufacture of Liquid-Immersed Power
Transformers of 500 kVA through 10,000 kVA up to 34.5 kV High-Voltage
Winding
Page 4 of 20
Process Industry Practices
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
– PIP ELSTR03 - Design and Fabrication of Ventilated Dry-Type Power
Transformers of 500 kVA through 5,000 kVA to 34.5 kV High-Voltage Winding
– PIP ELSTR04 - Design and Fabrication of Cast-Resin Dry-Type Outdoor
Power Transformers of 500 kVA through 5,000 kVA to 34.5 kV High-Voltage
Winding
– PIP ELSWC01 - Medium-Voltage Cable - XLPE
– PIP ELSWC02 - Medium-Voltage Power Cable - EPR
– PIP ELSWC03 - 600-Volt Power and Control Cable
– PIP ELSWC05 - 300-Volt Instrumentation Tray Cable
– PIP ELTFT01 - Electrical Field Inspection and Testing of New Electrical
Equipment
– PIP PCCEL001 - Instrumentation Electrical Requirements
2.2
Industry Codes and Standards
• American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
– ANSI C2 - National Electrical Safety Code (NESC)
• American Petroleum Institute (API)
– API RP500 - Recommended Practice for Classification of Locations for
Electrical Installations as Class I, Division 1 and Division 2
– API RP505 - Recommended Practice for Classification of Locations for
Electrical Installations at Petroleum Facilities Classified as Class I, Zone 0,
Zone 1, and Zone 2
– API RP540 - Electrical Installations in Petroleum Processing Plants
– API RP2003 - Protection Against Ignitions Arising out of Static, Lightning,
and Stray Currents
• American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
– ASTM C94 - Standard Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete
• Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
– IEEE 80 - IEEE Guide for Safety in AC Substation Grounding
– IEEE 141 - Recommended Practice for Electrical Power Distribution in
Industrial Plants (IEEE Red Book)
– IEEE 515 - IEEE Standard for the Testing, Design, Installation, and
Maintenance of Electrical Resistance Heat Tracing for Industrial Applications
– IEEE 519 - Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control
in Electrical Power Systems
– IEEE 979 - IEEE Guide for Substation Fire Protection
– IEEE 980 - IEEE Guide for Containment and Control of Oil Spills in
Substations
Process Industry Practices
Page 5 of 20
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
• National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
– NEMA VE1 - Cable Tray Systems
• National Fire Prevention Association (NFPA)
– NFPA 70 - National Electrical Code (NEC)
– NFPA 70E - Standard for Electrical Safety Requirements for Employee
Workplaces
– NFPA 77 - Recommended Practice on Static Electricity
– NFPA 496 - Purged and Pressurized Enclosures for Electrical Equipment in
Hazardous (Classified) Locations for Electrical Installations
– NFPA 497 - Classification of Flammable Liquids, Gases, or Vapors and of
Hazardous (Classified) Locations for Electrical Installation in Chemical
Process Areas
- NFPA 499 - Classification of Combustible Dust and of Hazardous (Classified)
Locations for Electrical Installation in Chemical Process Areas
– NFPA 780 - Standard for the Installation of Lightning Protection Systems
3.
System Design Criteria
3.1
General
The complete electrical system shall be designed to enhance personnel safety and to
minimize environmental exposure of the electrical equipment. In addition, the
electrical systems shall be designed for lowest life cycle cost, continuous and reliable
service, equipment protection, ease of maintenance and operation, mechanical
protection of equipment, interchangeability of equipment, and the addition of future
loads. Equipment listed or labeled by a nationally recognized testing laboratory
(NRTL) shall be used when available.
3.2
Electrical Code Compliance
All electrical systems and installations shall conform to the NFPA 70 (NEC),
NFPA 70E, and NESC as applicable and to any other applicable codes that are listed
on the Data Sheet.
3.3
Page 6 of 20
System Protection and Coordination
3.3.1
Incident energy for three-phase arcing faults shall be calculated for all new
electrical facilities per NFPA 70E. Other electrical system studies shall be
provided when required on the Data Sheet. Software program(s) as specified
on the Data Sheet shall be used for any required studies. Any files and
libraries created in such studies shall be provided to the owner. Such files
include paper files, electronic files, and native files required to run system
studies.
3.3.2
System protective devices (relays, fuses, etc.) shall be selected and
coordinated to ensure that the upstream-interrupting device nearest the point
of fault (or overload) will open first and minimize system disturbance.
Process Industry Practices
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
3.4
Utility Interface Parameters
Utility interface parameters shall be as specified on the Data Sheet.
3.5
System Parameters
System voltage levels, motor hp range for each voltage level, and system grounding
methods shall be as specified on the Data Sheet. System voltages shall be within the
tolerances as set forth in IEEE 141-1993, Chapter 3, unless modified otherwise as
shown below in Section 3.6.
3.6
3.7
Steady State Voltage
3.6.1
Voltage drop from the substation bus to the loads supplied from the
substation shall not exceed 5%, typically split as 2% feeder and 3% branch
circuit.
3.6.2
Transformer secondary side no-load voltage shall rise no more than 8%
above the nominal system voltage at the transformer secondary terminals.
Motor-Starting Voltage Drop
3.7.1
Motor-starting conditions shall be evaluated based on system and process
conditions that result in the minimum motor acceleration torque.
3.7.2
Acceleration studies shall be made for motors 250 hp and larger, unless
otherwise specified on the Data Sheet. Acceleration studies shall assure
adequate motor acceleration torque and acceptable system voltage drops for
defined system configurations and defined process conditions. Refer to
PIP ELSMT03.
3.7.3
For motors of ≤600-volt rating, the system shall be designed to provide, as a
minimum, 90% nominal system voltage at the substation bus during starting
unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
3.7.4
For motors of ≤600-volt rating, the system shall be designed to provide, as a
minimum, 85% of nominal motor-rated terminal voltage at the motor
terminals during starting.
3.7.5
For motors of ≤600-volt rating that cannot be started across the line,
electronic soft starters shall be used unless specified otherwise on the Data
Sheet.
3.7.6
For motors of >600-volt rating, the system shall be designed to provide, as a
minimum, 85% nominal system voltage at the substation bus during starting
unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
3.7.7
For motors of >600-volt rating, the system shall be designed to provide, as a
minimum, 80% of system nominal voltage at the motor terminals during
starting unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
3.7.8
For motors of >600-volt rating that cannot be started across the line because
of system voltage drop requirements, a captive transformer shall be used
unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
Process Industry Practices
Page 7 of 20
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
3.8
November 2002
Design Allowance
3.8.1
New electrical systems shall be designed with a minimum spare capacity as
specified on the Data Sheet. Design allowances beyond the minimum
requirements of the NEC shall be applied in sizing feeder circuits,
transformers, switchgear buses, and motor control center (MCC) buses to
allow for future load growth.
3.8.2
Spare devices as specified on the Data Sheet shall be included with the
following equipment:
a. medium-voltage (MV) switchgear, motor starters, and switch lineups
b. low-voltage (LV) switchgear
c. LV MCC branch breakers, fused switches, and starters
3.8.3
Equipped and unequipped spaces as specified on the Data Sheet shall be
included in the following equipment:
a. MV switchgear and motor starters
b. LV switchgear
3.9
3.8.4
Future unit spaces as specified on the Data Sheet shall be included in LV
MCCs.
3.8.5
Adequate space shall be provided to accommodate electrical equipment to
effectively use the capacity of the system.
3.8.6
Equipped spaces shall be furnished with all hardware, wiring, doors, and
miscellaneous equipment, including current transformers and monitoring
devices required to permit completion of the unit by the addition of only a
circuit breaker or medium-voltage starter. Equipped spaces shall be capable
of being safely placed in service without shutdown of switchgear or motor
control center lineup. Unequipped spaces shall be provided with doors but
with no other equipment for future use except the power stabs. Unequipped
spaces shall not be used for mounting control switches and other auxiliary
equipment. Power stabs (both line and load side) shall be provided with
covers to prevent accidental contact with live parts when door is opened. For
MCCs, future unit spaces shall be provided with bus and a blank door.
Power Factor
Power factor shall be corrected as specified on the Data Sheet.
3.10
Harmonics
Power systems that include electronic switching devices shall be designed so that the
total harmonic distortion meets the requirements of IEEE 519.
3.11
Electrical Equipment Rooms
3.11.1 Electrical equipment rooms or walk-in enclosures shall have a minimum of
two doors at opposite ends of the room unless specified otherwise on the
Data Sheet.
Page 8 of 20
Process Industry Practices
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
3.11.2 Doors shall be equipped with panic hardware and shall be self closing.
3.11.3 When specified on the Data Sheet, doors shall be lockable and equipped
with “night latch action (self locking).”
4.
5.
Electrical Area Classification
4.1
Electrical area classification shall be defined using PIP ELEHA01 unless specified
otherwise on the Data Sheet. PIP ELEHA01 must be used in conjunction with other
standards that define the basis for area classification, such as NFPA 497, NFPA 499,
API RP500, and API RP505.
4.2
See Data Sheet for the classification method to be used.
4.3
Area classification drawings shall be submitted to the owner for review and
approval. Drawings shall be approved by the owner before purchase of electrical
equipment.
4.4
In general, all buildings containing only electrical equipment, such as electric rooms
and control rooms, shall be located in unclassified areas. With specific written
approval by the owner for each application, air pressurization may be used to
maintain the interior of a building as an unclassified area. These applications shall be
designed in accordance with NFPA 496.
Power Distribution
5.1
System Configuration
The plant distribution system configuration shall be as specified on the Data Sheet.
5.2
Utility Interface and Unit Substations
5.2.1
Unit substations shall be centrally located in the area where the loads to be
served are situated.
5.2.2
Unit substations shall be located in unclassified areas.
5.2.3
Utility interface and unit substations shall be designed as specified on the
Data Sheet. When specified on the Data Sheet, HVAC and pressurization
systems shall be provided.
5.2.4
Unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet, single-ended unit substations
shall be designed for expansion in at least one direction. In this case, floor
space shall be reserved for the addition of one or more vertical sections as
specified on the Data Sheet.
5.2.5
If specified on the Data Sheet, design of single-ended substations shall
allow for future conversion to double-ended (secondary selective)
substations.
5.2.6
If specified on the Data Sheet, design of double-ended substations shall
allow for future expansion.
Process Industry Practices
Page 9 of 20
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
5.3
5.4
5.5
Transformers
5.3.1
The system power transformers shall be selected as specified on the Data
Sheet.
5.3.2
Transformers shall be sized according to the designed operating load on the
substation. Liquid-filled transformers shall be sized based on their 65°C
rating, unless otherwise specified on the Data Sheet. Dry type transformers
shall be sized based on their 80°C rating. If the forced-cooled rating will be
required for future load growth, provisions shall be made for the future
addition of fans.
5.3.3
For double-ended substations (or similar arrangements having more than one
transformer serving interconnected buses), in which one transformer is out of
service, the remaining transformer(s) shall have sufficient capacity at the
highest temperature rise FA rating to serve the maximum designed operating
load on the substation.
5.3.4
Liquid-filled transformers shall be filled with mineral-based dielectric oil
unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
5.3.5
System power transformers shall be located outdoors unless indicated
otherwise on the Data Sheet. Outdoor transformers shall be specified per
PIP ELSTR01 unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet. Indoor
transformers shall be specified per PIP ELSTR03 unless specified otherwise
on the Data Sheet.
5.3.6
Unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet, control power and lighting
transformers shall be indoor, 80°C rise with 220°C insulation.
5.3.7
If specified on the Data Sheet, outdoor control power and lighting
transformers shall be epoxy-encapsulated.
5.3.8
Fire protection for mineral-oil-filled transformers shall conform to the
requirements of IEEE 979-1994, Sections 1, 3, and 4. Containment and spill
control for mineral-oil-filled transformers shall conform to the requirements
of IEEE 980-1994, Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.4, 6, 7, 8.2.2.2, 8.3, and 8.4.
Metering, Monitoring, and Relaying
5.4.1
Metering shall incorporate microprocessor-based multifunction devices
unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
5.4.2
When specified on the Data Sheet, metering and protective devices shall
have digital communication capabilities.
5.4.3
Protective relaying shall incorporate microprocessor-based multifunction
devices unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
Switchgear
5.5.1
Page 10 of 20
November 2002
Low-voltage switchgear shall be metal-enclosed drawout type as specified in
PIP ELSSG01 unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
Process Industry Practices
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
5.6
5.5.2
Medium-voltage switchgear shall be metal-clad drawout type as specified in
PIP ELSSG02 unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
5.5.3
Switchgear-tripping voltages shall be 125-volt battery-supported DC unless
specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
Switchgear and Substation Batteries
Switchgear and substation batteries shall be lead-acid flooded-cell type as specified
in PIP ELSAP11 unless otherwise specified on the Data Sheet.
5.7
Switchgear Buildings and Enclosures
Switchgear shall be housed in prefabricated buildings such as those specified in
PIP ELSSG11 or in outdoor enclosures such as those specified in PIP ELSSG12 or in
built-in-place buildings as specified on the Data Sheet.
6.
7.
Motors
6.1
AC motors shall be specified in accordance with the appropriate PIP specification
and with the horsepower requirements and system supply voltages specified on the
Data Sheet entry identified in Section 3.5 of this Practice. Refer to PIP ELSMT01,
PIP ELSMT02, PIP ELSMT03, and PIP ELSMT04.
6.2
Motors shall be installed as specified in PIP ELIMT000, PIP ELIMTN00,
PIP ELIMS00, and PIP ELIMTT00 installation details unless specified otherwise on
the Data Sheet.
Motor Control
7.1
Single-Phase Motor Control
Controllers for single-phase motors should be manual motor starters with overload
protection, located near the motors. Manual starters shall be used only if the motor
can restart automatically after a power failure without creating a safety problem.
Short-circuit protection shall be in accordance with the NEC. Local magnetic starters
may be provided if required for the application.
7.2
480-Volt Motor Control
7.2.1
MCCs shall be specified per PIP ELSMC12, PIP ELSMC13, or other, as
indicated on the Data Sheet.
7.2.2
MCCs shall be centrally located where possible and practical. They shall not
be located in classified areas, nor where they may be exposed to corrosive
chemicals, dust, or water, nor where they would be subject to damage by
moving equipment. The preferred location is within an environmentally
controlled, separate electrical equipment room. MCCs located indoors shall
be NEMA 1 gasketed unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
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PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
7.2.3
If an MCC must be located in a building or room within a Class I, Division 2
area, the building or room shall be purged and/or pressurized per NFPA 496
to allow the use of general purpose equipment.
7.2.4
Where MCCs must be located outdoors in non-classified areas, they shall be
supplied with NEMA 3R enclosures unless specified otherwise on the Data
Sheet.
7.2.5
MCCs shall be supplied in front-only or back-to-back configurations as
specified on the Data Sheet.
7.2.6
Floor space shall be allocated for 20% potential MCC growth, unless
otherwise indicated on the Data Sheet.
7.2.7
Where groups of individual motor starters are located outdoors, they shall be
mounted on switchracks.
7.2.8
Individual motor starters located outdoors in non-classified areas shall be
supplied with NEMA 4X enclosures unless specified otherwise on the Data
Sheet.
7.2.9
Motor starters located in classified areas shall have explosion-proof
enclosures. Enclosures shall be bolted type unless otherwise specified on the
Data Sheet. Explosion-proof starters shall be applied within the short-circuit
rating of the starter assembly as listed by an NRTL.
7.2.10 The methodology of interfacing between the MCC and the control system is
outside the scope of this document and shall be specified separately.
7.2.11 The minimum starter size shall be NEMA Size 1 unless specified otherwise
on the Data Sheet.
7.2.12 Motors shall be protected by ambient-compensated, bi-metallic NEMA
Class 20 motor overloads unless specified otherwise on Data Sheet.
7.3
Low-Voltage Adjustable Speed Drives
Low-voltage adjustable speed drives shall be as specified in PIP ELSMC20 unless
specified otherwise on the Data Sheet. Adjustable speed drives, motors, and
associated equipment shall be designed as a coordinated system and according to
manufacturer recommendations.
7.4
Page 12 of 20
Medium-Voltage Motor Control
7.4.1
For 2.3-kV and 4-kV motors, refer to the Data Sheet for the horsepower
range where circuit breakers are to be used as motor starters.
7.4.2
Where contactors are used as motor starters, they shall be Class E2 fused
contactors. Contactors shall be drawout (roll out), unless specified otherwise
on the Data Sheet. A separate isolation switch shall be provided.
7.4.3
Medium-voltage motors greater than 7.2 kV shall be controlled using 15-kV
class or higher switchgear.
7.4.4
Medium-voltage motor starters shall be specified according to
PIP ELSMC11 unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
Process Industry Practices
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
8.
7.4.5
Where medium-voltage adjustable speed drives are required, they shall be
specified as in PIP ELSMC21 unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
7.4.6
A microprocessor-based motor protective relay of the type specified on the
Data Sheet shall be provided for motor and motor circuit protection.
7.4.7
Differential protection shall be provided for medium-voltage motors
≥1500 hp unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
Grounding
8.1
Substation
A ground grid or loop shall be provided and shall be designed in accordance with
IEEE 80 and the NEC. Grid conductors shall be bare or covered stranded copper as
specified on the Data Sheet and sized to accommodate the worst case fault
condition. If a substation fence is provided, the grid shall include a perimeter loop
located 3 feet outside the fence and bonded to the fence and gates.
8.2
8.3
System Grounding
8.2.1
Electrical systems shall be grounded and bonded in accordance with
Article 250 of the NEC. System grounding shall be as specified on the Data
Sheet (see Section 3.5 of this Practice).
8.2.2
480-volt systems shall be wye-connected, high-resistance grounded using
equipment specified in PIP ELSGS01 unless specified otherwise on the Data
Sheet. Alarms from high-resistance grounding systems shall be connected to
plant monitoring system.
8.2.3
Medium-voltage motor control buses shall be low-resistance grounded using
transformer neutral grounding resistors as specified in PIP ELSGS11 unless
specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
8.2.4
Medium-voltage distribution systems that are derived from owner-supplied
transformers shall be low-resistance grounded using transformer neutral
grounding resistors as specified in PIP ELSGS11 unless specified otherwise
on the Data Sheet.
Equipment Grounding
8.3.1
The path to ground from circuits, equipment, and enclosures shall be
permanent and continuous; shall have ample capacity to conduct any ground
fault current likely to be imposed on it; and shall be of low impedance. The
equipment-grounding conductors shall be of the types permitted in
Article 250 of the NEC and as specified on the Data Sheet. They shall be
connected to the grounding electrode at the service-supplied or separately
derived system. Ground fault current path continuity must be maintained in
circuits passing through non-metallic enclosures or raceways.
8.3.2
When specified on the Data Sheet or for motors rated 2300 volts and higher,
motors shall also be bonded to one of the following:
Process Industry Practices
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PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
a. adjacent building or structure steel
b. reinforcing mesh or bars in the concrete foundation
c. adequately sized bare, tin-coated or green-colored, covered copper
conductor around the equipment foundation and connected to at least
two ground rods or the ground grid
8.4
8.5
9.
8.3.3
If specified on the Data Sheet all 460-volt motors shall also be bonded by
one of the methods mentioned in the section above.
8.3.4
When conditions require the use of cathodic protection, grounding systems
may require different designs.
Plant Grounding System
8.4.1
The grounding system shall be as specified on the Data Sheet.
8.4.2
Where a ground loop system is specified on the Data Sheet, taps from the
ground loop to all major equipment and structural steel shall be provided.
8.4.3
For facilities outside of plant ground grid, a grounding system shall be
provided. Connection of the remote grounding system to the plant grounding
system is recommended.
8.4.4
The plant grounding system impedance to earth shall not exceed 5 ohms.
Results shall be obtained by methods identified in PIP ELTFT01.
8.4.5
Connections to the grounding system and the minimum depth of the buried
grounding system shall be as shown on the Data Sheet or as detailed in
PIP ELIGD000.
8.4.6
Instrument grounding shall be installed according to PIP PCCEL001.
8.4.7
Where bare underground cables are connected to cathodically protected
systems, the cathodic protection current flow to the cable can be
significantly reduced by use of tin-coated copper cable. If specified on the
Data Sheet, tinned copper cable shall be installed.
Static Electricity Grounding
8.5.1
Static grounding is not required if the impedance between units of equipment
is less than 1.0 megohm.
8.5.2
Tank trucks, tank cars, portable drums, marine craft, storage tanks, vessels,
agitators, etc., shall be protected against static electricity, lightning, and stray
currents. Refer to API RP2003, NFPA 77, and NFPA 780 for details.
Lighting
9.1
Illumination Levels
Illumination levels shall be in accordance with Table 3 of API RP540 unless
specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
Page 14 of 20
Process Industry Practices
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
9.2
10.
Luminaires and Circuits
9.2.1
Luminaire type and voltage rating for each area of the facility shall be as
specified on the Data Sheet.
9.2.2
Outdoor lighting shall be controlled automatically. Photocell control,
provided with time delay and other protection to negate the effect of
lightning, is preferred. The method of photocell control shall be as specified
on the Data Sheet. In areas where plant flares, clouds of dust, and similar
conditions exist, an astronomical clock should be used. The astronomical
clock shall be specified on the Data Sheet, when required.
9.2.3
Standby lighting shall provide minimal egress lighting in operating areas in
the event of a power failure. These luminaires shall be circuited and run
separately from general lighting. The type of standby lighting shall be as
specified on the Data Sheet.
9.2.4
Battery-powered stand-by lights shall be provided in the control room,
substation buildings, and other locations as specified on the Data Sheet. Exit
signs need to be illuminated during the loss of normal lighting.
9.2.5
The loss of a luminaire or lighting circuit shall not leave any area in
darkness.
Power Receptacles and Convenience Outlets
10.1
120-Volt Receptacles
10.1.1 The 120-volt receptacles shall be located in process units so that equipment
at grade can be reached with extension cords not longer than 50 feet unless
specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
10.1.2 All receptacles located in washdown areas or in other areas having wet
atmospheric conditions shall be equipped with weatherproof covers and
boxes.
10.1.3 All 120-volt receptacles located in non-classified areas shall be
NEMA 5-20R unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
10.1.4 Ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protected receptacles shall be
provided where required by the NEC and where specified on the Data Sheet.
10.2
480-Volt Receptacles
10.2.1 All 480-volt receptacles shall be three-wire, four-pole, and three-phase and
shall be installed in convenient locations within 150 feet of areas in which
480-volt power to portable equipment is required. The 480-volt receptacles
shall be 60A unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
10.2.2 All four-pole receptacles shall be of the same size and rating.
10.2.3 A maximum of four (4) receptacles shall be connected to one feeder. Feeder
cable sizes shall be based on a demand factor of 0.5.
10.2.4 480-volt receptacles shall match the plug type indicated on the Data Sheet.
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PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
10.3
November 2002
Specialty Receptacles
Receptacles for use at voltages other than nominal 120 or 480 volts shall be selected
according the application.
11.
Wiring Methods
11.1
Cable Tray
11.1.1 Cable tray shall be heavy-duty-rated NEMA 20C and NRTL-listed and shall
be labeled as an equipment-grounding conductor unless specified otherwise
on the Data Sheet. The cable tray shall be secured with clips at every
support. The tray shall be sized for a minimum of 20% spare after
completion of project unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet. Unless
specified otherwise on the Data Sheet, the tray shall be of the ladder type
with 9-inch rung spacing suitable for indoor or outdoor installations. The
cable tray shall have a minimum load safety factor of 1.5 based on the load
capacity as defined in NEMA VE1. The tray shall also be capable of a
200-pound static load located at mid-span. All bolts, nuts, and washers for
metallic trays shall be stainless steel. All bolts, nuts, and washers for use
with fiberglass tray systems shall be fiberglass.
11.1.2 Expansion joints shall be provided as required by NEMA VE1, Table 6-1, for
long, straight tray runs.
11.1.3 Cable tray shall be installed to allow a minimum of 12 inches of access
above the top of each tray.
11.1.4 Installation of cables in cable trays shall be in accordance with the NEC.
11.1.5 Cable tray systems shall be installed above or to the side of process lines
where possible and at least 12 inches from steam lines.
11.1.6 Cable trays shall not have covers unless specified otherwise on the Data
Sheet.
11.1.7 Separate trays shall be provided for each voltage class of cables unless
specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
11.2
Aboveground Conduit and Fittings
11.2.1 Acceptable sizes, material, and construction of conduit systems shall be as
identified on the Data Sheet.
11.2.2 When specified on the Data Sheet, electrical metallic tubing (EMT) may be
used in indoor unclassified locations where the EMT will not be subject to
vibration, corrosion, or physical damage (e.g., office buildings,
administration buildings, guardhouses, change houses, etc.).
11.2.3 Flexible conduit shall be liquid-tight and suitable for the area classification
in which it is installed. Flexible conduit shall be used to connect vibrating
equipment to the conduit system. Flexible conduit shall be no more than
3 feet in length.
Page 16 of 20
Process Industry Practices
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
11.2.4 All conduit connections to cabinets and junction boxes located outdoors or
in washdown areas shall be made with factory hubs or weather-tight rigid
conduit hubs.
11.2.5 Conduits shall not enter the top of cabinets or junction boxes located
outdoors or in washdown areas. Bottom entry of cabinets or junction boxes
is preferred.
11.2.6 Conduit drains shall be installed at the low point in all conduit systems
entering electrical enclosures installed outdoors. Drainage provision shall be
made in the bottom of all pull boxes, junction boxes, control panels, etc.
11.2.7 Where long conduit runs are installed, a method of support shall be used that
allows for expansion and contraction. Expansion fittings, with bonding
jumpers around the fittings, shall be installed as required.
11.2.8 On fireproofed structures, the design shall permit conduit supports to be
installed before fireproofing and in such a manner that the conduit does not
become imbedded in fireproofing materials.
11.2.9 Conduit used in corrosive areas shall be as specified on the Data Sheet. Any
conduit coatings shall be applied both on the outside and the inside.
11.3
Underground Conduit and Duct Banks
11.3.1 Underground conduit materials shall be as specified on the Data Sheet.
11.3.2 Stub-ups shall be made using rigid galvanized steel conduit elbows and
galvanized fittings as required and shall include an insulated bushing on any
exposed end of the conduit.
11.3.3 Minimum size of underground conduit shall be 1 inch. Acceptable sizes shall
be as identified on the Data Sheet.
11.3.4 All conduit runs installed below grade (except in floor slabs) shall be
encased in a minimum of 3 inches of concrete on all sides. Concrete shall be
3000 psi with a slump of 5 inches and shall conform to ASTM C94. The
concrete shall be either colored throughout or colored at the top of the
encasement. The coloring shall be a shade of red. Reinforced concrete shall
be used for all underground conduits.
11.3.5 The minimum spacing between conduits in underground duct banks shall be
1-1/2 inches.
11.3.6 The minimum depth of concrete encasement for all underground conduits
shall be as specified on the Data Sheet. This depth shall be measured from
grade to the top of the top conduit.
11.3.7 All horizontal bends in underground conduits shall be made using long
radius sweeps.
11.3.8 When duct banks pass through manholes, the duct banks shall slope
downward toward the manholes at a minimum slope of 3 inches per 100 feet.
11.3.9 Unless indicated otherwise on the Data Sheet, a minimum 20% (or not less
than one) spare conduit(s) shall be installed in all underground duct banks.
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PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
This does not apply to single or double conduit duct banks for street lighting
or to individual, remotely located equipment.
11.4
Direct Burial
Installation of direct burial cable shall be as specified on the Data Sheet.
11.5
Overhead Pole Lines
Installation of overhead pole lines shall be as specified on the Data Sheet.
11.6
Messenger Cable
Installation of messenger-supported cable shall be as specified on the Data Sheet.
12.
13.
Power and Control Wiring
12.1
Multiconductor cable shall be specified according to PIP ELSWC01, PIP ELSWC02,
and PIP ELSWC03.
12.2
Grounding conductor(s), sized in accordance with Article 250 of the NEC shall be
included in all multiconductor power cables.
12.3
All power/control wiring shall have copper conductors and construction as identified
on the Data Sheet.
12.4
The minimum conductor size for power wiring shall be No. 12 AWG, with the
exception of conductors for individual luminaire drops, which may be No. 14 AWG.
12.5
The minimum conductor size for control in multiconductor cables shall be
No. 14 AWG unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet.
12.6
Use of composite power and control cable shall be as permitted by the Data Sheet.
12.7
Cables shall not enter the tops of cabinets or junction boxes located outdoors or in
washdown areas. Bottom entry of cabinets or junction boxes is preferred.
12.8
Power cable termination methods shall be as specified on the Data Sheet.
12.9
Full ring compression lugs shall be used for power wiring where available. Indent
type lugs shall be used for power wiring where full ring compression lugs are not
available.
Instrumentation
Instrument tray cable shall be specified in accordance with PIP ELSWC05. The 600-volt tray
cable used for instrumentation shall be specified in accordance with PIP ELSWC03. All
other instrumentation design requirements shall be specified in accordance with
PIP PCCEL001.
14.
Freeze Protection and Process Heat-Tracing Systems
14.1
Page 18 of 20
Freeze protection and process heat-tracing systems shall be designed in accordance
with IEEE 515 and NFPA 70-2002 (NEC), Article 427.
Process Industry Practices
PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
November 2002
15.
14.2
Heat-tracing system components shall be supplied as specified on the Data Sheet.
14.3
The heat-tracing systems include power transformers, electric heat trace control
panels, electric heat cables, temperature sensors, temperature controllers, circuit
breakers, enclosures, conduit, wire, insulation, and all necessary auxiliary equipment
and controls.
14.4
Electric heat-tracing control panels, power transformers, and power distribution
equipment shall be centrally located to minimize the lengths of heating power
circuits in the area.
14.5
All tracing design shall utilize a minimum of 25% safety factor in calculated heat
input. Heat loss calculation shall be submitted to verify compliance.
14.6
Installation of the heating cable, components, and controls shall begin after pressure
testing of the pipeline and installation of all the instruments. Thermal insulation shall
not be installed until the electrical installation and testing is complete.
14.7
Heat tracing for pipes shall include all inline components. All flanges, pumps,
valves, devices, supports, and appurtenances shall be traced with appropriate
additional lengths of heater cable as required to allow equipment removal without
disconnecting and removing the heat tracing.
14.8
Heater cable design shall be suitable to deliver rated performance and service life
when subjected to voltage variations from 90% to 110% of nominal distribution
voltages.
14.9
Components of the electric heat-tracing systems shall be approved for the area
classification in which they are installed.
14.10
Heating requirements and sectionalizing shall be coordinated with process
requirements.
14.11
Each heat-tracing circuit shall be equipped with a suitable device for isolation and
installation of a lockout device.
Cathodic Protection
Cathodic protection, when required, will be specified separately.
16.
Uninterruptible/Standby Power Supply
16.1
Critical power supply systems shall be designed as shown on the Data Sheet.
16.2
When specified on the Data Sheet, an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) shall be
provided and sized to accommodate the process control loads plus 20% spare
capacity. The UPS shall have its own dedicated battery and distribution panel. A
separate detailed specification shall be issued for the UPS system if required. When
specifying a UPS system, refer to PIP ELSAP03 and PIP ELSAP04. The UPS battery
type shall be flooded cell as specified in PIP ELSAP15 unless specified otherwise on
the Data Sheet.
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PIP ELCGL01
Electrical Design Criteria
16.3
17.
November 2002
When specified on the Data Sheet, standby power shall be provided by an alternate
utility/plant feeder or a turbine-driven or diesel generator. Transfer switches shall be
provided for critical loads not requiring uninterruptible power.
Electrical Requirements for Skid-Mounted or Packaged Systems
Unless specified otherwise on the Data Sheet, electrical requirements for skid-mounted or
packaged systems shall be as specified by PIP ELSPS01.
18.
Lightning Protection
18.1
Tall or isolated structures and the high-voltage switchyard shall be protected against
lightning in accordance with NFPA 780.
18.2
Down conductors from air terminals or lightning mast shall be connected to
individual ground rod as well as to the plant grounding system.
Page 20 of 20
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
October 2004
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELSSG01
Design and Fabrication of
Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed
AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES
In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these
technical requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and
engineering costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While
this Practice is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users,
individual applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take
precedence over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and
particular matters or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering
situations should not be made solely on information contained in these materials. The
use of trade names from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of
preference but rather recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the
same specifications are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All
Practices or guidelines are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and
regulations including OSHA requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines
should conflict with OSHA or other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or
regulations must be followed. Consult an appropriate professional before applying or
acting on any material contained in or suggested by the Practice.
This Practice is subject to revision at any time by the responsible Function Team and
will be reviewed every 5 years. This Practice will be revised, reaffirmed, or withdrawn.
Information on whether this Practice has been revised may be found at www.pip.org.
© Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The
University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin,
Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any
kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written
authorization of PIP.
PIP will not consider requests for interpretations (inquiries) for this Practice.
PRINTING HISTORY
September 1997
Issued
October 2004
Complete Revision
Not printed with State funds
COMPLETE REVISION
October 2004
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELSSG01
Design and Fabrication of
Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed
AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
Table of Contents
1. Introduction .................................. 2
1.1 Purpose ............................................. 2
1.2 Scope................................................. 2
2. References ................................... 2
4.15
4.16
4.17
4.18
4.19
4.20
Secondary System Grounding......... 11
Accessories ..................................... 11
Shipping........................................... 11
Inspection and Testing..................... 12
Documentation................................. 12
Conflict Resolution........................... 14
2.1 Process Industry Practices ................ 2
2.2 Industry Codes and Standards .......... 2
3. Definitions .................................... 3
4. Requirements ............................... 3
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
Switchgear Assembly ........................ 3
Power Circuit Breakers ...................... 5
Bus Work ........................................... 6
Voltage Transformers ........................ 7
Control Power Transformers ............. 7
Current Transformers ........................ 7
Switches ............................................ 8
Metering............................................. 8
Space Heaters ................................... 8
Breaker Interlocking and Transfer
Schemes............................................ 9
4.11 Wiring and Terminations.................... 9
4.12 Bus Ducts ........................................ 10
4.13 Nameplates...................................... 10
4.14 Finish ............................................... 10
Process Industry Practices
Page 1 of 14
PIP ELSSG01
COMPLETE REVISION
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
October 2004
1.
Introduction
1.1
Purpose
This Practice provides requirements for design, fabrication, and testing of metalenclosed, low-voltage AC power circuit breaker switchgear assemblies.
1.2
Scope
This Practice describes the requirements for metal-enclosed power switchgear
assemblies employed in three-phase AC electrical systems having a voltage not
higher than 1000 volts and located in a nonclassified area.
2.
References
Applicable parts of the following Practices and industry codes and standards shall be
considered an integral part of this Practice. The edition in effect on the date of contract
award shall be used, except as otherwise noted. Short titles will be used herein where
appropriate.
2.1
Process Industry Practices (PIP)
− PIP ELSBD01 - Design and Fabrication of Metal-Enclosed NonsegregatedPhase Bus Duct Assemblies
− PIP ELSBD01D - Data Sheet for Design and Fabrication of Metal-Enclosed
Nonsegregated-Phase Bus Duct Assemblies
− PIP ELSGS01 - Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance Grounding System
(600 Volts or below)
− PIP ELSGS01D - Data Sheet for Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance
Grounding System (600 Volts or below)
− PIP ELSSG01D - Data Sheet for Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage
Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
2.2
Industry Codes and Standards
• American National Standards Institute, Inc. (ANSI)
− ANSI C37.50 - Switchgear - Low-Voltage AC Power Circuit Breakers Used in
Enclosures - Test Procedures
• Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
− IEEE C37.13 - Standard for Low-Voltage AC Power Circuit Breakers Used in
Enclosures
− IEEE C 37.20.1 - Standard for Metal-Enclosed Low-Voltage Power CircuitBreaker Switchgear
Page 2 of 14
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
October 2004
PIP ELSSG01
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
• National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
− NEMA C37.16 - Low-Voltage Power Circuit Breakers and AC Power Circuit
Protectors–Preferred Ratings, Related Requirements, and Application
Recommendations
− NEMA C37.17 - Trip Devices for AC and General Purpose DC Low-Voltage
Power Circuit Breakers
• Underwriters Laboratories (UL)
− UL 1558 - Standard for Safety Metal-Enclosed Low-Voltage Power Circuit
Breaker Switchgear
3.
Definitions
purchaser: The party who awards the contract to the supplier. The purchaser may be the
owner or the owner’s authorized agent.
supplier: The party responsible for furnishing the low-voltage metal-enclosed AC power
circuit breaker switchgear
4.
Requirements
4.1
Switchgear Assembly
4.1.1
The switchgear assembly shall consist of metal-enclosed freestanding
vertical steel structures containing power buses, a ground bus, low-voltage
power circuit breakers, and auxiliary control devices in accordance with the
attached purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet and one-line diagram(s).
4.1.2
The switchgear shall be designed such that the breakers can be tripped and
closed and the breaker position can be viewed with the doors closed.
4.1.3
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, red and green
indicating lights shall be provided to indicate breaker closed and open
positions, respectively.
4.1.4
All enclosures shall be fabricated from freestanding steel frames and steel
panels, and doors shall be formed to provide a strong and rigid structure.
4.1.5
Enclosure panel and doors shall be 14-gage minimum thickness.
4.1.6
Enclosures shall be NEMA 1 unless specified otherwise on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.1.7
All bolted doors and removable panels shall be secured with captive slotted
fasteners or machine screws or machine bolts engaging captive nuts or
tapped holes in structural members. Self-tapping sheet metal screws shall not
be permitted.
4.1.8
Any removable panels weighing more than 50 pounds (23 kg) shall have two
lifting handles.
Process Industry Practices
Page 3 of 14
PIP ELSSG01
COMPLETE REVISION
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
October 2004
4.1.9
If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, all rear access
doors shall be full height, hinged, and bolted. All rear access doors shall
have provisions for padlocking.
4.1.10 All doors shall have hinges. The hinges may be either continuous or
separate. If separate hinges are used, a minimum of three hinges shall be
provided on full-height doors.
4.1.11 Provisions shall be made for the addition of vertical sections with future
breakers at open ends of the line-up. This shall include removable plates or
side sheets furnished on the end of vertical sections.
4.1.12 All breaker compartment doors shall be provided with door handle latches.
4.1.13 Provisions shall be made for padlocking breakers in the test and
disconnected positions.
4.1.14 In double-ended switchgear, each main and tie breaker shall be in separate
vertical sections.
Comment:
This does not preclude metering, auxiliary equipment, or a
feeder breaker being in the same vertical section with the
main breaker or tie breaker.
4.1.15 The purchaser shall be notified of any breaker-derating factors caused by
ambient conditions and the cumulative circuit loads in the vertical sections
with multiple breakers in accordance with IEEE C37.20.1 - 2002,
Section 8.4.2.3.
4.1.16 Spaces shall be provided for future use as indicated on the one-line diagram.
Spaces shall be of three types: equipped, unequipped, and blank. Spaces
shall be configured as follows:
a. Equipped and unequipped spaces shall be capable of being modified to
add future circuit breakers of the same ampere rating without a shutdown
of the switchgear.
b. Equipped spaces shall be furnished with all hardware, wiring, doors, and
miscellaneous equipment including current transformers and monitoring
devices required to permit completion of the unit by the addition of only
a circuit breaker.
c. Unequipped spaces shall be provided with doors but with no other
equipment for future use except the power stabs. Unequipped spaces
shall not be used for mounting control switches and other auxiliary
equipment.
d. Power stabs (both line and load side) shall be provided with covers to
prevent accidental contact with live parts when door is opened.
e. Blank spaces shall be completely empty cubicles with doors but without
power stabs or other equipment.
4.1.17 Automatic shutters shall be provided over the power stabs unless indicated
otherwise on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
Page 4 of 14
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
October 2004
PIP ELSSG01
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
4.1.18 Removable vertical barriers shall be provided in the rear cable compartments
to prevent accidental contact of personnel with all energized buses. The
barriers shall not cover load connections.
4.1.19 Sheet steel barriers shall be provided between power and control
compartments.
4.1.20 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet,
full height and depth barriers shall be provided between adjacent vertical
sections in the rear load terminal compartments.
4.1.21 If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, sheet steel
barriers shall be provided between breaker compartments in vertical
sections.
4.1.22 Equipment shall be designed to be shipped completely assembled if
practical.
4.1.23 If equipment must be disassembled for shipment, material and instructions
shall be provided for assembling shipping sections, including making main
power bus connections at shipping splits.
4.1.24 If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, enclosure vent
openings shall be provided with stainless steel screens having a maximum
opening size of 1/16 inch (1.6 mm).
4.1.25 Breaker control power shall be as indicated on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.1.26 Nonflashing indicator lights shall have replaceable, cluster-type LED lamps
and colored lens.
4.1.27 If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, thermography
windows shall be provided. Location of windows shall be as indicated on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.1.28 If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, the switchgear
assembly shall be UL labeled.
4.2
Power Circuit Breakers
4.2.1
Low-voltage power circuit breakers shall be air break type and shall be
designed, rated, manufactured, and tested in accordance with IEEE C37.13,
NEMA C37.16, NEMA C37.17, and ANSI C37.50.
4.2.2
Breakers shall be of the stored-energy type with standard draw-out
construction for both power and control circuits. They shall be three-pole
and complete with necessary operating mechanisms.
4.2.3
Breakers shall be operated electrically or manually as indicated on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet. Electrically operated breakers shall
also be capable of manual operation.
4.2.4
Direct-acting overcurrent trip devices shall be solid state RMS sensing,
unless indicated otherwise on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet,
Process Industry Practices
Page 5 of 14
PIP ELSSG01
COMPLETE REVISION
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
October 2004
and shall incorporate time delay characteristics, as indicated on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.2.5
The trip device display shall be visible with the cubicle door closed.
4.2.6
If required, current-limiting fuses shall be provided to extend the breaker
rating and shall cause the breaker to trip if any of the fuses operate. The
purchaser shall be notified if these fuses are required.
4.2.7
Each low-voltage power circuit breaker or each breaker in combination with
current-limiting fuses shall be capable of interrupting the available shortcircuit current in accordance with the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data
Sheet.
4.2.8
If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, mechanism
operated contacts (MOCs) and truck operated contacts (TOCs) shall be
supplied as two normally open (N.O.) and two normally closed (N.C.) each,
wired out to terminals.
4.2.9
If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, electrically
operated breakers shall have provisions for remote operation by a hand-held
control station.
4.2.9.1 The control station shall have 20 ft (6 m) of type SO cord with a
polarized plug on the end.
4.2.9.2 The control station shall have two guarded pushbuttons, a green
button for opening and a red button for closing.
4.2.10 If remote operation is indicated, a matching receptacle complete with a
threaded cover shall be installed in the breaker compartment door.
4.2.11 If remote operation is indicated, a local electrically operated close button or
switch shall not be provided on the front of the compartment.
4.3
Bus Work
4.3.1
The power buses shall be uninsulated unless indicated otherwise on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.3.2
Bus material shall be copper unless indicated otherwise on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.3.3
Bolted joints shall be tin-plated unless indicated otherwise on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.3.4
All horizontal and vertical bus and bus supports shall be designed and braced
to withstand the short-circuit current in accordance with IEEE C 37.20.1 2002, paragraph 5.4.4, unless a higher level is indicated on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.3.5
A 1/4-inch by 2-inch minimum copper ground bus shall be provided at the
rear and for the entire length of the assembly.
a. The bus shall be drilled at each end for a NEMA two-hole lug.
b. Ground bus joints shall be solidly bolted.
Page 6 of 14
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
October 2004
PIP ELSSG01
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
c. Self-tapping bolts and screws shall not be used.
d. Copper compression type lugs shall be provided if indicated on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.4
4.3.6
The ground bus shall be firmly secured in each vertical section.
4.3.7
If a neutral bus is indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, it
shall extend the full length of the switchgear and be insulated from ground.
4.3.8
Unless indicated otherwise on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet,
the neutral bus shall have the same continuous current rating as the phase
bus.
Voltage Transformers
4.4.1
Voltage transformers for metering or protective relaying purposes shall be
protected by disconnecting-type current-limiting primary fuses.
4.4.2
Secondary voltage shall be 120 volts, with primary voltage as indicated on
the one-line diagram.
4.4.3
Each transformer shall have a fused secondary winding.
4.4.3.1 Secondary fuses shall be located in the low-voltage control
compartment.
4.4.3.2 Fuse holders shall be labeled to indicate size and type of fuse and to
identify the transformer (e.g., Phase “A” PT).
4.5
4.6
Control Power Transformers
4.5.1
The primary fuses shall coordinate with the magnetizing inrush current and
the secondary protection of the control power transformer.
4.5.2
The kVA rating of the control power transformer(s) shall be determined by
the supplier, taking into account any additional loads external to the
switchgear, as indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.5.3
A form C contact shall be provided for remote alarming of any loss of
control power.
4.5.4
Secondary voltage shall be 240/120 volts, with primary voltage as indicated
on the one-line diagram.
4.5.5
Primary and secondary windings shall be protected by disconnect-type
current-limiting fuses.
4.5.6
Transformers shall be located in the low-voltage control compartment.
Current Transformers
Current transformers for metering or protective relaying purposes shall be rated in
accordance with purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet or the one-line diagram.
Process Industry Practices
Page 7 of 14
PIP ELSSG01
COMPLETE REVISION
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
October 2004
4.7
4.8
4.9
Switches
4.7.1
Ammeter and voltmeter switches shall be provided if indicated on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.7.2
Ammeter switches shall be the four-position rotary type.
4.7.3
Voltmeter switches shall be the four-position rotary type unless indicated
otherwise on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
Metering
4.8.1
Switchgear metering shall be provided in accordance with the purchaser’s
PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.8.2
Communication capabilities shall be provided if indicated on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.8.3
All metering and control equipment shall be accessible from the front of the
switchgear.
4.8.4
If analog-type metering is specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data
Sheet, it shall be of the circular 250-degree-scale switchboard type,
1% accuracy, 4-1/2 inch square, and flush mounted.
4.8.5
Control power for microprocessor-type metering shall be as indicated on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
Space Heaters
4.9.1
If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, space heaters
shall be provided in each vertical section.
4.9.2
An expanded metal cage shall be provided around the heaters to guard
against accidental contact. Caution signs with black engraving on yellow
background shall be provided on each vertical section stating the following:
CAUTION:
SPACE HEATERS MAY BE ENERGIZED INSIDE.
Page 8 of 14
4.9.3
The power supplies to the heaters shall be from the source indicated on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.9.4
The heaters shall be rated at 240 volts and shall be sized to provide the
required heat output when operated on a 120-volt system.
4.9.5
If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, a panel-type
indicating ammeter shall be provided in each main heater circuit, with
“normal current” range indicated on the ammeter scale.
4.9.6
If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, thermostats shall
be provided.
4.9.7
If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, a push-to-test
pushbutton shall be installed parallel with the thermostat for testing the
space heaters.
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
October 2004
4.10
PIP ELSSG01
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
Breaker Interlocking and Transfer Schemes
4.10.1 If a breaker interlocking or transfer scheme is indicated on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet and one-line diagram, it shall be arranged to
operate as indicated on the diagram and any supplemental descriptions
provided.
4.10.2 The transfer scheme shall be disabled if any of the transfer breakers are in
the test position.
4.11
Wiring and Terminations
4.11.1 Control wiring shall be flame retardant, 600-volt, type SIS switchboard
copper wire (or an equivalent in accordance with IEEE C37.20.1 - 2002,
Section 7.1.3.1.4) and shall be continuous from terminal to terminal without
splices and tagged at both ends with permanent plastic sleeve-type wire
markers.
4.11.1.1 Adhesive-type markers shall not be permitted.
4.11.1.2 Locking fork-type lugs shall be provided.
4.11.1.3 Minimum conductor size shall be 14 AWG.
4.11.1.4 Wire markers shall match the supplier’s interconnection drawing.
4.11.2 Wiring for current transformer secondary leads shall be crimped in selfinsulated ring-type lugs and terminated on shorting screw-type terminal
blocks at the first connection after the transformer. Minimum conductor size
shall be 10 AWG unless otherwise indicated on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.11.3 All wiring harnesses shall be securely bundled and shall be protected from
rubbing against other parts within the enclosure.
4.11.3.1 Bushings, grommets, or other mechanical protections shall be
provided if wiring is installed through barriers, around edges of
metal sheets, or raceways.
4.11.3.2 Adhesive-type supports shall not be permitted.
4.11.4 Wiring shall be connected to only one side of all field wiring terminal
blocks, and no more than two wires per terminal shall be permitted.
4.11.4.1 Terminal blocks for field wiring to the main and tie breakers and
for any transfer scheme shall not be located in the rear load
terminal compartments.
4.11.4.2 Terminal blocks for field wiring to feeder breakers shall be located
in the rear load terminal compartments.
4.11.5 Terminal blocks shall be supplied and clearly marked for wiring that will be
installed by the purchaser, including wiring between shipping sections.
4.11.6 Spare terminal blocks shall be provided in accordance with the purchaser’s
PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
Process Industry Practices
Page 9 of 14
PIP ELSSG01
COMPLETE REVISION
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
October 2004
4.11.7 Power cable lugs will be provided by the purchaser.
4.11.7.1 The bus drilling shall be for NEMA two-hole lugs.
4.11.7.2 The size and quantity of cables shall be as indicated on the one-line
diagram or purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.12
Bus Ducts
4.12.1 If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, the bus ducts
shall be furnished and coordinated with the respective switchgear
assemblies, the supply transformers, and other associated equipment.
4.12.2 Dimensions and details of transformer throats or other equipment
connections shall be supplied by the responsible party noted on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.12.3 Design of the bus duct shall be in accordance with PIP ELSBD01 and
PIP ELSBD01D.
4.13
Nameplates
4.13.1 Permanent nameplates shall be provided to identify each circuit breaker,
source disconnect point, instrument, instrument switch, relay, and auxiliary
component and to identify all equipment and terminal blocks within each
assembly.
4.13.2 All nameplates shall be made of laminated plastic at least 3/32 inch thick and
shall be affixed with stainless steel hardware.
4.13.3 Switchgear assembly-identifying nameplate may be supplier’s standard
showing manufacturer, shop order number, and date as a minimum.
4.13.4 Door-mounted devices shall be identified inside the compartment, in
addition to the external identification. The inside nameplates may be
adhesive type.
4.13.5 Nameplates for each circuit breaker compartment shall be white with
1/4-inch-high engraved black lettering.
4.13.6 Warning nameplates shall be provided on each compartment door in which
an external voltage source is terminated. Lettering shall be black on yellow
background and shall be a minimum of 1/4 inch high. The nameplate shall
read as follows:
CAUTION:
THIS UNIT IS SUPPLIED BY AN EXTERNAL VOLTAGE SOURCE.
4.13.7 A nameplate schedule will be provided by the purchaser.
4.14
Finish
4.14.1 Finish color shall be ANSI 61 light gray unless otherwise specified on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
Page 10 of 14
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
October 2004
PIP ELSSG01
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
4.14.2 For outdoor and indoor service in noncorrosive environments, the
manufacturer’s standard surface preparation and coating system are
acceptable.
4.14.3 The finish coat shall be free from craters, pinholes, holidays, embedded
foreign matter, and other visual defects.
4.14.4 The topcoat shall provide complete hiding, consistent coverage and
thickness, and uniform color.
4.14.5 For service in corrosive environments, the finish and protective coatings
shall be in accordance with the specification shown on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
4.15
Secondary System Grounding
4.15.1 If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, a high-resistance
grounding system shall be provided and incorporated in the switchgear
assembly in accordance with PIP ELSGS01.
4.15.2 If indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet, a ground
detection system on individual feeder breakers shall be provided in
accordance with the one-line diagram.
4.16
Accessories
The following switchgear accessories shall be furnished:
a. A breaker-lifting device supplied at one per switchgear assembly. Lifting
capacity shall be shown on the lifting device.
b. Hand crank or handle for moving the breaker into the “connected,” “test,” or
“disconnected” position
c. Device for manually charging the stored energy operating mechanism of
electrically operated breakers
d. Test plugs for draw-out relays
e. Portable test kit for solid-state trip units (quantity of kits as indicated on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet)
4.17
Shipping
4.17.1 Preparation for shipment shall be in accordance with supplier’s standards
unless otherwise noted on the request for quotation and/or purchase order.
The supplier shall be solely responsible for the preparation for shipment.
4.17.2 Loose equipment, such as auxiliary test devices, charts, replacement parts,
manual operating handles, packing devices, etc., shall be appropriately
packaged, tagged for easy identification, and secured for shipment inside the
switchgear.
4.17.3 All moving parts shall be securely blocked and braced in relays, contactors,
and other components with moving parts that might be damaged in shipment.
Process Industry Practices
Page 11 of 14
PIP ELSSG01
COMPLETE REVISION
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
October 2004
5.17.4 Additional shipping and handling requirements that appear in the individual
equipment specifications shall be strictly adhered to, if applicable.
5.17.5 If the switchgear is shipped in more than one section, each open shipping
split shall be protected with plywood or other approved method.
4.18
Inspection and Testing
4.18.1 The following tests shall be performed:
a. A complete functional and operational test on the wiring, control
devices, relays, and breaker trip and close circuits
b. A dielectric test on the control wiring at 1500 volts minimum and
60 hertz for 1 minute
c. Supplier’s standard routine tests
d. Production tests defined in IEEE C37.20.1 - 2002, Section 6.3. Tests
shall be conducted with all draw-out elements racked in and breakers
closed.
4.18.2 The purchaser shall be notified 2 weeks in advance of testing.
4.18.3 The purchaser or the purchaser’s representative reserves the right to inspect
and observe the tests at the factory.
4.19
Documentation
All drawings and other documents shall be furnished as indicated in Table 1 as a part
of the purchase order.
Page 12 of 14
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
PIP ELSSG01
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
October 2004
TABLE 1 - SUPPLIER DRAWING AND DATA REQUIREMENTS FOR
LOW-VOLTAGE METAL-ENCLOSED SWITCHGEAR
A
B
X
C
X
D
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
G
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
D
X(1)
X
X
X
X
D
DESCRIPTION
One-line diagram, three-line diagram, control elementary, and
connection diagrams
General layout of equipment, showing all dimensions, weights,
and required clearances.
Circuit breaker data, including detailed description of breakers,
rated insulation level (BIL), and rated short-circuit current.
Bus data, including the insulation and bracing materials and
methods
Current transformer data, including type, class, accuracy, and
saturation curves
Potential transformer data, including the type, class, and
accuracy
Detailed plans and elevation drawings showing location of all
components
Solid-state trip unit data, including the model number, technical
information, and time-current curves
Meter data, including the model number and technical
information of all meters and transducers
Certified type test reports
Foundation loading diagrams and soleplate details
Individual cell schematics
Individual cell connection wiring diagrams
Detailed (D) or general (G) bill of material including name of
the manufacturer and catalog number of all components
Installation, operation, and maintenance manual
Recommended spares parts list
A. These documents shall be provided with proposal.
B. These documents shall be provided for purchaser's review and authorization
to proceed before fabrication.
C. These documents shall be provided as part of the final certified document
submittal.
(1) One additional set of installation, operation, and maintenance manuals
shall be included with the equipment when shipped.
D. The final as-built shall be provided within 2 weeks following shipment.
Comment: One reproducible set of drawings shall be provided plus the
specified number of copies of all documentation and operating
manuals as indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data
Sheet. Format for final as-builts reproducibles shall be CAD
convertible .DXF electronic format unless other wise indicated
on the purchaser’s PIP ELSSG01D Data Sheet.
Process Industry Practices
Page 13 of 14
PIP ELSSG01
COMPLETE REVISION
Design and Fabrication of Low-Voltage Metal-Enclosed AC Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
October 2004
4.20
Conflict Resolution
Any conflicts among the referenced documents shall be identified to the purchaser in
writing for resolution. When resolving conflicts, the following order of precedence
shall apply:
a. Purchase order
b. One-line diagram(s) and associated drawings
c. Data sheet, PIP ELSSG01D
d. This Practice, PIP ELSSG01
e. Referenced standards
Page 14 of 14
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
April 2005
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELSWC03
600-Volt Power and Control Cable Specification
PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES
In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these
technical requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and
engineering costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While
this Practice is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users,
individual applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take
precedence over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and
particular matters or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering
situations should not be made solely on information contained in these materials. The
use of trade names from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of
preference but rather recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the
same specifications are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All
Practices or guidelines are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and
regulations including OSHA requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines
should conflict with OSHA or other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or
regulations must be followed. Consult an appropriate professional before applying or
acting on any material contained in or suggested by the Practice.
This Practice is subject to revision at any time by the responsible Function Team and
will be reviewed every 5 years. This Practice will be revised, reaffirmed, or withdrawn.
Information on whether this Practice has been revised may be found at www.pip.org.
© Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The
University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin,
Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any
kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written
authorization of PIP.
PIP will not consider requests for interpretations (inquiries) for this Practice.
PRINTING HISTORY
March 1999
Issued
April 2005
Complete Revision
Not printed with State funds
COMPLETE REVISION
April 2005
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELSWC03
600-Volt Power and Control Cable Specification
Table of Contents
1. Introduction .................................. 2
1.1 Purpose ............................................. 2
1.2 Scope................................................. 2
2. References ................................... 2
2.1 Process Industry Practices ................ 2
2.2 Industry Codes and Standards .......... 2
3. Definitions .................................... 3
4. Requirements ............................... 3
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
Fabrication ......................................... 3
Inspection and Testing....................... 5
Shipping ............................................. 5
Documentation................................... 5
Conflict Resolution............................. 5
Process Industry Practices
Page 1 of 6
PIP ELSWC03
600-Volt Power and Control Cable Specification
1.
COMPLETE REVISION
April 2005
Introduction
1.1
Purpose
This Practice provides requirements for purchase of 600-volt-rated power and
control tray cable (Type TC) and metal-clad (Type MC) cable.
1.2
Scope
This Practice describes the minimum technical requirements for fabrication,
inspection, testing, and shipping of insulated copper cable. This Practice covers
600-volt-rated multiple conductor power and control tray cable and metal-clad cable.
2.
References
Applicable parts of the following Practices and industry codes and standards shall be
considered an integral part of this Practice. The edition in effect on the date of contract
award shall be used, except as otherwise noted. Short titles will be used herein where
appropriate.
2.1
Process Industry Practices (PIP)
− PIP ELSWC03D - Data Sheet for 600-Volt Power and Control Cable
2.2
Industry Codes and Standards
• American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM)
– ASTM B8 - Conductors, Copper, Concentric-Lay-Stranded, Hard, MediumHard, or Soft
• Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
– IEEE 1202 - Flame Testing of Cables for Use in Cable Tray in Industrial and
Commercial Occupancies
• Insulated Cable Engineers Association (ICEA)
– ICEA S-73-532 (NEMA WC57) - Control Cables
• National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
– NFPA 70 - National Electrical Code (NEC)
• Underwriters Laboratories (UL)
– UL 1277 - Standard for Safety for Electrical Power and Control Tray Cables
with Optional Optical-Fiber Members
– UL 1569 - Metal-Clad Cables
– UL 2225 - Metal-Clad Cables and Cable-Sealing Fittings for Use in
Hazardous (Classified) Locations
Page 2 of 6
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
PIP ELSWC03
600-Volt Power and Control Cable Specification
April 2005
3.
Definitions
purchaser: The party who awards the contract to the supplier. The purchaser may be the
owner or the owner’s authorized agent.
4.
Requirements
4.1
Fabrication
4.1.1
General
4.1.1.1 Site conditions shall be in accordance with the purchaser’s
PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet.
4.1.1.2 Type TC cable shall be in accordance with the requirements of
NEC-2005, Article 336.
4.1.1.3 Type MC cable shall be in accordance with the requirements of
NEC-2005, Article 330.
4.1.1.4 If used in cable tray, cables shall be in accordance with the
requirements of NEC-2005, Article 392.
4.1.1.5 The ampacity shall be in accordance with the requirements of
NEC-2005, Article 330.80, for Type MC and in accordance with
NEC-2005, Article 336.80, for Type TC.
4.1.1.6 The type of cable used in adjustable speed drive applications shall
be indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet.
4.1.1.7 For adjustable speed drive applications, a shield or metallic sheath
shall be provided.
4.1.1.8 If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet, Type
TC cable shall comply with the crush and impact requirements of
Type MC cable and shall be identified for such use.
4.1.2
Conductor
The conductor(s) shall be Class B stranded copper in accordance with
ASTM B8.
4.1.3
Insulation
4.1.3.1 Insulation type shall be in accordance with the purchaser’s
PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet.
4.1.3.2 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data
Sheet, individual wire insulation shall be 600 volt, 75°C (167°F)
(minimum) rated. Cable shall be suitable for installation in wet and
dry locations.
4.1.3.3 Individual wires shall be color coded using ICEA S-73-532
Appendix E, Method 1, and colors in accordance with
ICEA S-73-532 Table E-2 (without white and green).
Process Industry Practices
Page 3 of 6
PIP ELSWC03
600-Volt Power and Control Cable Specification
COMPLETE REVISION
April 2005
4.1.3.4 If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet, for
multiconductor power cable sizes 8 AWG and larger, wire
identification shall be ICEA S-73-532 Appendix E, Method 4
(numbered printing on single color insulation).
4.1.4
Ground Wire
4.1.4.1 Unless specified otherwise on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data
Sheet, a bare grounding conductor or conductors, sized in
accordance with NEC-2005 Article 250.122 requirements, shall be
provided in all cables.
4.1.4.2 For cable sizes 10 AWG and smaller, a green insulated conductor is
acceptable as the grounding conductor.
4.1.4.3 For adjustable speed drive applications, three concentric grounding
conductors shall be provided.
4.1.5
Metallic Sheath
4.1.5.1 For Type MC cable, a metallic sheath shall be provided that is in
accordance with UL 1569.
4.1.5.2 The metallic sheath shall be either continuous-welded, impervious,
corrugated aluminum, aluminum interlocked armor, or galvanized
steel interlocked armor in accordance with the purchaser’s
PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet.
4.1.5.3 If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet, the
cable shall be labeled in accordance with the requirements of
UL 2225 as “MC-HL” for use in Class I, Division 1 locations.
4.1.6
Outer Jacket
4.1.6.1 An outer, nonmetallic, flame-retardant jacket that is constructed of
materials specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet
shall be applied over the completed cable assembly.
4.1.6.2 Outer jacket color shall be manufacturer’s standard unless otherwise
specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet.
4.1.6.3 Outer jacket shall be oil-resistant and sunlight-resistant. Jacket shall
be marked “Sunlight-Resistant” in accordance with UL 1277.
4.1.6.4 If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet, the
cable shall be rated for direct burial.
4.1.7
Cable Identification
The cable shall be marked and identified in accordance with NEC-2005
Article 310-11.
4.1.8
Cable Length Tolerance
Unless specified otherwise on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet,
the length tolerance of each segment of cable shall be minus 0% to plus 5%.
Page 4 of 6
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
PIP ELSWC03
600-Volt Power and Control Cable Specification
April 2005
4.2
4.3
4.4
Inspection and Testing
4.2.1
Factory inspection and testing shall be performed on Type TC cables in
accordance with UL 1277.
4.2.2
Factory inspection and testing shall be performed on Type MC cables in
accordance with UL 1569.
4.2.3
Type TC and MC cables shall also pass IEEE 1202 vertical tray flame tests.
4.2.4
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet, additional
testing shall be performed as indicated.
Shipping
4.3.1
Cable reel type and lagging shall be in accordance with the purchaser’s
PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet.
4.3.2
Minimum cable reel identification and marking for Type TC cables shall be
in accordance with UL 1277.
4.3.3
Minimum cable reel identification and marking for Type MC cables shall be
in accordance with UL 1569.
4.3.4
Additional cable reel identification shall be in accordance with the
purchaser’s PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet.
Documentation
The following information shall be provided with the quotation:
a. Standard and maximum reel lengths
b. Overall diameter over armor and outer jacket
c. Diameter over cable assembly (not including armor and jacket)
d. Cable weight per 1,000 ft (305 m)
e. Maximum conductor continuous operating temperature
f.
Minimum bending radius
g. Cable current-carrying capacity
h. Maximum pulling tension and sidewall loading for each cable assembly
4.5
i.
Minimum cable-pulling temperature
j.
Descriptive literature (catalogs, etc.)
Conflict Resolution
Any conflicts between the referenced documents shall be identified in writing to the
purchaser for resolution. In general, when resolving conflicts, the following order of
precedence shall apply:
a. Purchase order
b. PIP ELSWC03D Data Sheet
Process Industry Practices
Page 5 of 6
PIP ELSWC03
600-Volt Power and Control Cable Specification
COMPLETE REVISION
April 2005
c. This Practice, PIP ELSWC03
d. Referenced standards
Page 6 of 6
Process Industry Practices
EDITORIAL REVISION
February 2006
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELSWC07
Shielded Power Cable Specification
(5 to 46 kV)
PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES
In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these technical
requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and engineering
costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While this Practice
is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users, individual
applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take precedence
over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and particular matters
or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering situations should not
be made solely on information contained in these materials. The use of trade names
from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of preference but rather
recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the same specifications
are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All Practices or guidelines
are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and regulations including OSHA
requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines should conflict with OSHA or
other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or regulations must be followed.
Consult an appropriate professional before applying or acting on any material
contained in or suggested by the Practice.
This Practice is subject to revision at any time by the responsible Function Team and will
be reviewed every 5 years. This Practice will be revised, reaffirmed, or withdrawn.
Information on whether this Practice has been revised may be found at www.pip.org.
© Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The
University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin,
Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any
kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written
authorization of PIP.
PIP will not consider requests for interpretations (inquiries) for this Practice.
PRINTING HISTORY
August 2005
Issued
February 2006
Editorial Revision
Not printed with State funds
EDITORIAL REVISION
February 2006
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELSWC07
Shielded Power Cable Specification
(5 to 46 kV)
Table of Contents
1. Introduction................................. 2
1.1 Purpose............................................ 2
1.2 Scope ............................................... 2
2. References .................................. 2
2.1 Process Industry Practices (PIP) ..... 2
2.2 Industry Codes and Standards ........ 2
3. Definitions ................................... 3
4. Requirements.............................. 3
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
Design and Fabrication.................... 3
Inspection and Testing..................... 5
Shipping ........................................... 6
Documentation................................. 6
Conflict Resolution ........................... 7
Process Industry Practices
Page 1 of 7
PIP ELSWC07
Shielded Power Cable Specification (5 to 46 kV)
1.
EDITORIAL REVISION
February 2006
Introduction
1.1
Purpose
This Practice provides requirements for the purchase of 5 kV- to 46 kV-rated
shielded power cable.
1.2
Scope
This Practice describes the minimum technical requirements for design, material,
construction, inspection, testing, and shipping of solid dielectric, insulated shielded
copper cable. The scope is from 5 kV to 46 kV single and multiple conductor
shielded power cables.
2.
References
Applicable parts of the following Practices and industry codes and standards shall be
considered an integral part of this Practice. The edition in effect on the date of contract award
shall be used, except as otherwise noted. Short titles will be used herein where appropriate.
2.1
Process Industry Practices (PIP)
− PIP ELSWC07D - Data Sheet for PIP ELSWC07, Shielded Power Cables
Rated 5 to 46 kV (completed for application)
2.2
Industry Codes and Standards
• American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM)
− ASTM B3 - Soft or Annealed Copper Wire
− ASTM B8 - Concentric-Lay-Stranded Copper Conductors, Hard, MediumHard or Soft
− ASTM B496 - Compact Round Concentric-Lay-Stranded Copper Conductors
• Insulated Cable Engineers Association (ICEA)
− ICEA S-93-639 (NEMA WC74) - 5-46 kV Shielded Power Cable for Use in
the Transmission and Distribution of Electric Energy
• Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
− IEEE 1202 - Flame Testing of Cables for Use in Cable Tray in Industrial and
Commercial Occupancies
• National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
− NEMA WC 26 - Binational Wire and Cable Packaging Standard
• National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
− NFPA 70 - National Electrical Code (NEC)
Page 2 of 7
Process Industry Practices
EDITORIAL REVISION
PIP ELSWC07
Shielded Power Cable Specification (5 to 46 kV)
February 2006
• Underwriters Laboratories
− UL 1072 - Medium-Voltage Power Cables
− UL 1569 - Metal-Clad Cables
3.
Definitions
purchaser: The party who awards the contract to the supplier. The purchaser may be the
owner or the owner’s authorized agent.
supplier: The party responsible for furnishing the shielded power cables
4.
Requirements
4.1
Design and Fabrication
4.1.1
Conductors
4.1.1.1 Conductor material shall be Class B, stranded, soft or annealed
copper in accordance with ASTM B3, ASTM B8, or ASTM B496 and
configured as specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data
Sheet.
4.1.1.2 Conductor diameter shall be in accordance with ICEA S-93-639.
4.1.2
Conductor Shield (Stress Control Layer)
The conductor shield shall be in accordance with ICEA S-93-639-2000,
Section 3.
4.1.3
Insulation
4.1.3.1 Insulation shall be in accordance with ICEA S-93-639-2000,
Section 4.
4.1.3.2 The insulation material, the voltage rating, and the insulation level
shall be in accordance with the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data
Sheet.
4.1.3.3 Unless specified otherwise on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data
Sheet, cable shall be rated at 90°C for normal operation, 130°C for
emergency overload conditions, and 250°C for short-circuit
conditions.
4.1.3.4 Unless specified otherwise on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data
Sheet, individual conductor phase identification shall be
manufacturer’s standard.
4.1.3.5 Insulation thickness for shielded cables shall be in accordance with
NEC Table 310.64 for wet and dry locations.
4.1.4
Insulation Shielding
4.1.4.1 Insulation shielding shall be in accordance with ICEA S-93-6392000, Section 5.
Process Industry Practices
Page 3 of 7
EDITORIAL REVISION
PIP ELSWC07
Shielded Power Cable Specification (5 to 46 kV)
February 2006
4.1.4.2 Nonmetallic semiconducting covering shall be extruded and in
accordance with ICEA S-93-639-2000, Table 5-2.
4.1.4.3 Unless otherwise indicated on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data
Sheet, a nonmagnetic metal tape shield shall be applied directly over
the semiconducting covering.
4.1.4.4 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data
Sheet, the metal tape shall be minimum 5.0 mil bare copper,
continuous length, and applied helically with a 12.5% minimum lap
and in accordance with other requirements of ICEA S-93-639 -2000,
Section 6.
4.1.4.5 Shield drain wire(s) shall be supplied if specified on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSWC07D Data Sheet.
4.1.4.6 Shield drain wire(s) shall be bare and shall be in contact with the
insulation shield to increase the short-circuit capacity.
4.1.5
Inner Conductor Jacket
4.1.5.1 If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data Sheet, an inner
jacket shall be provided over the conductor assembly. Wall
thicknesses and tolerances shall be in accordance with
ICEA S-93-639, Section 7.1.
4.1.5.2 Unless specified otherwise on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data
Sheet, inner jacket material shall be PVC.
4.1.6
Ground Conductor(s)
Unless specified otherwise on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data Sheet,
ground conductor(s) for multiple conductor cables shall be supplied and shall
be Class B compressed, concentric stranded bare copper in accordance with
ASTM B3 and ASTM B8, sized in accordance with the following table:
Copper Power
Conductor* Sizes
Minimum Grounding
Conductor Size
8 AWG
6 - 2 AWG
1 - 2/0 AWG
3/0 AWG - 250 kcmil
300 - 400 kcmil
450 - 600 kcmil
750 - 1000 kcmil
8 AWG
6 AWG
4 AWG
3 AWG
2 AWG
1 AWG
1/0 AWG
*
Note: Consult manufacturer for grounding conductors for larger cables.
4.1.7
Fillers and Binder Tape
For multiple conductor cables, the insulated single conductors shall be cabled
together with nonhygroscopic filler material and an overall binder tape.
Page 4 of 7
Process Industry Practices
EDITORIAL REVISION
PIP ELSWC07
Shielded Power Cable Specification (5 to 46 kV)
February 2006
4.1.8
Armor Assembly
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data Sheet, ICEA S-93-6392000, Section 7.3, Division I-type protective armor shall be provided for
multiple conductor cables. The armor shall be in accordance with UL 1569
for Type MC cables.
4.1.9
Outer Jacket
4.1.9.1 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data
Sheet, an outer protective PVC jacket shall be applied over the
completed cable assembly.
4.1.9.2 Jacket shall be in accordance with ICEA S-93-639-2000, Section 7.1.
4.1.9.3 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data
Sheet, jacket color shall be manufacturer’s standard.
4.1.9.4 Jacket shall be oil-resistant and sunlight-resistant in accordance with
UL 1072.
4.1.10 Cable Flame Rating
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data Sheet,
cable shall be flame-retardant and shall meet or exceed the testing
requirements of IEEE 1202.
4.1.11 Cable Identification
The cable shall be marked and identified in accordance with NEC,
Article 310.11. Cables shall be NEC Type MV, marked “Sunlight Resistant,”
“For Use in Cable Tray,” and for “Direct Burial” in accordance with
UL 1072.
4.1.12 Cable Length Tolerance
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data Sheet,
the tolerance for the length of each segment of cable shall be minus 0% to
plus 2%.
4.2
Inspection and Testing
4.2.1
Factory inspection and testing shall be performed on all cables in accordance
with the following standards:
a. ICEA S-93-639-2000, Section 9
b. IEEE 1202
c. UL 1072
4.2.2
Process Industry Practices
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data Sheet, optional testing
as defined by the purchaser shall be performed.
Page 5 of 7
PIP ELSWC07
Shielded Power Cable Specification (5 to 46 kV)
4.3
EDITORIAL REVISION
February 2006
Shipping
4.3.1
Cable Reel Identification
4.3.1.1 Minimum reel identification and marking shall be in accordance with
NEMA WC 26.
4.3.1.2 Additional reel identification shall be provided as indicated on the
purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data Sheet.
4.3.2
Test Lead
A minimum of 3 ft (0.91 m) of the inner end of the cable shall be left out of
the test hole to facilitate field testing on the reel.
Comment:
4.3.3
Cable may be field-tested on the reel for acceptance.
Pulling Eyes
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data Sheet, a factoryinstalled pulling eye shall be provided.
4.3.4
Preparation for Shipment
4.3.4.1 Cable shall be placed on the reel type specified on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSWC07D Data Sheet to protect it from damage during
shipment. Each end shall be firmly secured to the reel.
4.3.4.2 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data
Sheet, each length of cable shall be shipped on a separate reel.
4.3.4.3 All cable ends shall be sealed with heat-shrinkable-type protective
caps.
4.3.4.4 Reel packaging and protective coverings shall be in accordance with
NEMA WC 26. If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSWC07D Data
Sheet, wood lagging shall be used.
4.4
Documentation
4.4.1
Documentation for Quotation
The following information shall be provided by the supplier with quotations:
a. Standard and maximum reel lengths
b. Overall diameter of complete cable assembly
c. Cable weight
d. Individual conductor diameter
e. Minimum bending radius
f.
Maximum conductor continuous operating temperature
g. Cable short-circuit withstand capacity presented in graphical form or by
formula
h. Maximum pulling tension and sidewall loading for each conductor or
cable assembly
Page 6 of 7
Process Industry Practices
EDITORIAL REVISION
PIP ELSWC07
Shielded Power Cable Specification (5 to 46 kV)
February 2006
i.
4.4.2
Descriptive literature (catalogs, etc.)
Documentation at Time of Shipping
The following information shall be provided to the purchaser:
a. Certified test reports at time of shipment
b. X-Y plot of the partial discharge test, supplied within 2 weeks after
shipment
4.5
Conflict Resolution
Any conflicts between the referenced documents shall be identified in writing to the
purchaser for resolution. In general, if resolving conflicts, the following order of
precedence shall apply:
a. Purchase order
b. PIP ELSWC07D Data Sheet
c. This Practice, PIP ELSWC07
d. Other referenced standards
Process Industry Practices
Page 7 of 7
June 2007
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELSAP20
Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES
In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these technical
requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and engineering
costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While this Practice
is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users, individual
applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take precedence
over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and particular matters
or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering situations should not
be made solely on information contained in these materials. The use of trade names
from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of preference but rather
recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the same specifications
are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All Practices or guidelines
are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and regulations including OSHA
requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines should conflict with OSHA or
other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or regulations must be followed.
Consult an appropriate professional before applying or acting on any material
contained in or suggested by the Practice.
This Practice is subject to revision at any time.
© Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The
University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin,
Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any
kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written
authorization of PIP.
PRINTING HISTORY
June 2007
Issued
Not printed with State funds
June 2007
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELSAP20
Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
Table of Contents
1. Introduction................................. 2
1.1 Purpose............................................ 2
1.2 Scope ............................................... 2
2. References .................................. 2
2.1 Process Industry Practices .............. 2
2.2 Industry Codes and Standards ........ 2
3. Definitions ................................... 2
Process Industry Practices
4. Requirements ............................. 3
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
General ............................................ 3
Transfer Switch ................................ 3
Bypass-Isolation Switch ................... 4
Microprocessor Controllers .............. 5
Optional Features ............................ 6
Enclosures ....................................... 7
Inspection and Testing..................... 8
Shipping ........................................... 9
Documentation................................. 9
Page 1 of 10
PIP ELSAP20
Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
1.
June 2007
Introduction
1.1
Purpose
This Practice provides the requirements for low-voltage automatic transfer switches.
1.2
Scope
This Practice describes the requirements for the design, fabrication, inspection,
testing, and shipping of factory-assembled low-voltage automatic transfer switches.
This Practice does not cover fast transfer systems.
2.
References
Applicable parts of the following Practices, industry codes and standards, and references shall
be considered an integral part of this Practice. The edition in effect on the date of contract
award shall be used, except as otherwise noted. Short titles are used herein where appropriate.
2.1
Process Industry Practices (PIP)
– PIP ELSAP20D - Data Sheet for Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
2.2
Industry Codes and Standards
•
Underwriters Laboratories (UL)
– UL 508 - Industrial Control Equipment
– UL 1008 - Standard for Transfer Switch Equipment
•
National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
– NEMA ICS 10 - AC Automatic Transfer Switches
•
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
– NFPA 70 - National Electrical Code (NEC)
3.
Definitions
closed transition: Transfer switch equipment providing momentary paralleling of both power
sources during transfer in either direction. This permits the transfer of electrical loads without
a power interruption. The closed transition is possible only if the sources are properly
interfaced and synchronized.
delayed transition: Provides a timed disconnection of the load from the power sources during
transfer, primarily to allow decay of motor residual voltage.
open transition: Transfer of power between a normal and alternate power supply if the
normal power supply is interrupted or falls outside set parameters. Transfer takes enough
time so that motors previously operating on the normal supply lose residual voltage and can
be restarted on the alternate supply.
Page 2 of 10
Process Industry Practices
June 2007
PIP ELSAP20
Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
owner: The party that owns the facility wherein the low-voltage automatic transfer switch
will be used.
purchaser: The party who awards the contract to the supplier. The purchaser may be the
owner or the owner’s authorized agent.
supplier: The party responsible for providing the low-voltage automatic transfer switch.
4.
Requirements
4.1
General
4.1.1
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet,
the automatic transfer switch shall be mounted indoors.
4.1.2
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, the automatic
transfer switch shall include a bypass-isolation switch.
4.1.3
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet,
the automatic transfer and bypass-isolation functions shall not use molded
case circuit breakers, or contactors.
4.1.4
The automatic transfer switch and bypass-isolation switch shall be
completely factory interconnected and tested so that only the line and load
connections to the bypass-isolation switch are required for field installation.
4.1.5
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, all
interconnections between the transfer switch and bypass-isolation switch
shall be silver plated copper bus bar.
4.1.6
Switch shall be dead front construction.
4.1.7
Microprocessor based controller(s) shall provide sensing, controlling, and
logic programming for the automatic transfer switch.
4.1.8
Automatic transfer switch and bypass-isolation switch shall be in accordance
with NEMA ICS-10.
4.1.9
Automatic transfer switch, complete with bypass-isolation switch and all
accessories, shall be UL listed and labeled in accordance with UL 1008.
4.1.10 Automatic transfer switch shall have internal mechanical ground connections
suitably sized for terminating stranded copper ground conductors.
4.1.11 Ground connections shall be located near incoming and outgoing power
cable termination points.
4.2
Transfer Switch
4.2.1
Transfer switch shall be rated as specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D
Data Sheet.
4.2.2
Automatic transfer switch shall be rated to close on, and withstand, the RMS
symmetrical short circuit current specified on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet.
4.2.3
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet,
the automatic transfer switch shall be “open transition” type.
Process Industry Practices
Page 3 of 10
PIP ELSAP20
Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
4.2.4
June 2007
If closed transition transfer is specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D
Data Sheet, the automatic transfer switch shall have the following
characteristics:
a. Interconnection time 100 milliseconds maximum
b. Operate as open transition switch if the primary power source fails
4.2.5
If delayed transition transfer is specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D
Data Sheet, the automatic transfer switch shall have the following
characteristics:
a. Adjustable delayed transfer time
b. Delayed transfer in both directions
4.2.6
Transfer switch shall be double throw (i.e., opens one set of contacts while
closing the other set), electrically operated, and mechanically held.
4.2.7
Electrical operator shall be a momentarily energized, single-solenoid
mechanism.
4.2.8
Transfer switch shall be mechanically interlocked to ensure only one of two
switch positions (i.e., normal and alternate).
4.2.9
Switch contacts shall always be closed on a minimum of one of the sources.
In-between positions shall not be permitted.
4.2.10 Switch shall be positively locked and unaffected by momentary power
outages.
4.2.11 Main contacts shall be silver plated.
4.2.12 Inspection of all contacts shall be possible from the front of the switch
without disassembling operating linkages and/or disconnecting power
conductors.
4.2.13 Stationary and moveable contacts shall be replaceable without removing
power conductors and/or bus bars.
4.2.14 If switched neutral conductor is specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D
Data Sheet, the automatic transfer switch shall be provided with fully rated
overlapping neutral transfer contacts with the following characteristics:
a. Neutrals connected together only during the transfer and retransfer
operations
b. Contacts overlap 100 milliseconds maximum
4.2.15 If solidly connected neutral conductor is specified on the purchaser’s
PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, a neutral conductor plate with fully rated
AL-CU (aluminum-copper) pressure connectors shall be provided.
4.3
Page 4 of 10
Bypass-Isolation Switch
4.3.1
A two-way bypass-isolation switch shall provide manual bypass of the load
to either source and permit isolation of the automatic transfer switch from all
source and load power conductors.
4.3.2
Bypass to load carrying source shall be accomplished with make before
break contacts so that power is not interrupted to the load.
Process Industry Practices
June 2007
PIP ELSAP20
Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
4.3.3
Main contacts shall be manually driven.
4.3.4
Electrical ratings of the bypass-isolation switch shall be equal to or greater
than the associated automatic transfer switch.
4.3.5
Separate bypass and isolation handles shall be used to provide clear
distinction between the functions. Handles shall be permanently affixed and
operable without opening enclosure doors.
4.3.6
The bypass switch handle shall have the following operating modes:
a. Bypass to Normal
b. Automatic
c. Bypass to Alternate
4.3.7
Operating speed of the bypass contacts shall be the same as the automatic
transfer switch and independent of the speed at which manual handle
operates.
4.3.8
The isolation switch handle shall have the following operating positions:
a. Automatic / Closed
b. Test
c. Isolated / Open
4.3.9
“Test” position shall permit testing the automatic transfer switch without
disturbing power to the load.
4.3.10 “Isolated / Open” position shall completely isolate the automatic transfer
switch from both lines and load without removing line and load conductors.
4.3.11 When in the “Isolated / Open” position, it shall be possible to completely
withdraw the automatic transfer switch for inspection and maintenance.
4.3.12 When the isolation switch is in the “Test” or “Isolated / Open” position, the
associated bypass switch shall function as a manual transfer switch to permit
load transfer to either source of power regardless of the position or condition
of the transfer switch.
4.4
Microprocessor Controllers
4.4.1
Microprocessor based controller(s) shall be capable of operating at the
ambient conditions specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet.
4.4.2
Control module(s) shall be provided with protective covers, mounted
separately from transfer switch mechanism, and shall be easily disconnected
for routine maintenance.
4.4.3
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet,
RS 485 interface for serial communication shall be provided.
4.4.4
Purchaser connections shall be wired to a common terminal block to simplify
field-wiring connections.
4.4.5
LCD displays and keypads for viewing data and setting operational
parameters shall be provided as integral parts of controllers for viewing data
and setting operational parameters.
Process Industry Practices
Page 5 of 10
PIP ELSAP20
Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
June 2007
4.4.6
LCD displays shall be provided with “System Status” screens that display
clear descriptions of the active operating sequences and switch positions.
4.4.7
Operational parameters shall be settable either locally or remotely by way of
serial communications.
4.4.8
Voltages and frequencies on both the normal and alternate sources shall be
continuously monitored.
4.4.9
Pickup, dropout, and trip setting capabilities shall be provided in accordance
with Table 1.
Table 1 – Pickup, Dropout, and Trip Settings
Parameter
Undervoltage
Overvoltage
Underfrequency
Overfrequency
Voltage unbalance
Dropout / Trip
75 to 98%
105 to 110%
88 to 98%
103 to 105%
5 to 20%
Pickup / Reset
85 to 100%
103 to 105%
90 to 100%
102 to 104%
1% below dropout
4.4.10 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet,
transfer to an alternate power source shall be initiated upon reduction of the
source voltage to 85% of nominal voltage and retransfer to normal shall be
permitted when the source voltage restores to 90% of nominal voltage.
4.4.11 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet,
the transfer to an alternate power source shall be initiated upon reduction of
the source frequency to 90% and the retransfer to normal shall be permitted
when the source frequency restores to 95%.
4.4.12 An adjustable time delay of 0 to 6 seconds minimum shall be provided to
override momentary normal source outages and delay all transfer and engine
starting signals. The default time delay setting shall be 1 second.
4.4.13 An adjustable time delay of 0 to 5 minutes minimum on transfer to the
alternate power source shall be provided. The time delay shall be initially set
at 0.
4.4.14 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet,
retransfer to normal source shall be manually performed.
4.4.15 Controllers shall be capable of sensing the phase rotation of both the normal
and emergency sources. A source shall be considered unacceptable if the
phase rotation is not the preferred rotation selected.
4.4.16 Controllers shall be provided with diagnostic screens. The screens shall
provide information on the status of input signals to the controllers that may
prevent load transfer commands from being completed.
4.5
Optional Features
4.5.1
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, the following
signal lights shall be provided:
a. Green light to indicate that an automatic transfer switch is connected to
the normal source
Page 6 of 10
Process Industry Practices
June 2007
PIP ELSAP20
Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
b. Red light to indicate that an automatic transfer switch is connected to the
alternate power source
4.5.2
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, auxiliary
contacts, rated 10 amps at 250 VAC, shall be provided to indicate the
following conditions:
a. Automatic transfer switch is connected to the normal source
b. Automatic transfer switch is connected to the alternate source
4.5.3
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, a contact, rated
5 amps at 30 VDC, shall be provided for a low-voltage engine start signal.
4.5.4
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, a test switch shall
be provided to simulate normal source failure.
4.5.5
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, one of the
following capabilities shall be provided to test all indicator lights:
a. Push-to-test indicator lights
b. A push button
4.5.6
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, microprocessor
controller(s) shall provide an internal engine exerciser. The controller shall
be capable of programming engine exercise routines. The following
minimum programming functions shall be provided:
a. Enable and disable routine
b. Enable and disable transfer of load during routine
c. Set start time (i.e., time, day, week, and month)
d. Set duration of run period
e. At end of specified duration of engine exercise routine, switch shall
transfer load back to normal and run engine for specified cool down
period (applies only when the engine was exercised under operating
load)
4.6
Enclosures
4.6.1
Main Enclosures
4.6.1.1 The main enclosure shall be constructed in accordance with UL 508.
4.6.1.2 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data
Sheet, enclosures shall be NEMA 1.
4.6.1.3 All components and wiring connections shall be accessible from the
front of enclosure.
4.6.1.4 Enclosures shall have lockable handles with a minimum of two keys
provided.
4.6.1.5 Enclosure openings greater than 0.25 inch (6 mm) in width shall be
provided with screens to prevent the entrance of snakes, rodents, etc.
Screen mesh opening width shall be 0.25 inch (6 mm) maximum.
Process Industry Practices
Page 7 of 10
PIP ELSAP20
Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
June 2007
4.6.1.6 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data
Sheet, finish shall be supplier’s standard.
4.6.2
Space Heaters
4.6.2.1 If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, space
heaters shall be provided.
4.6.2.2 Heaters shall be rated at 240 volts and sized to provide the required
heat output when operated on a 120-volt system.
4.6.2.3 Space heaters shall be mounted on a stand-off insulator and provided
with an expanded metal cage for personnel protection.
4.6.2.4 A caution plate, as shown in Figure 1, shall be provided on the door
of a transfer switch if a space heater has been specified.
OBSERVE CAUTION
EXTERNAL POWER SOURCE
CONNECTED TO SPACE HEATER
Figure 1. Caution Plate
4.6.2.5 Unless specified otherwise on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data
Sheet, circuits for space heaters shall be furnished by purchaser.
4.6.2.6 As specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, either
adjustable thermostat controls or high-temperature cutouts shall be
provided.
4.6.2.7 If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, normally
closed, momentary test push buttons, and analog ammeters shall be
provided.
4.6.3
Nameplates
4.6.3.1 Prominent and detailed instruction plates shall be provided for
convenient operation.
4.6.3.2 Nameplates shall be made of laminated plastic 3/32-inch thick
minimum and shall be provided with stainless steel hardware.
4.6.3.3 In addition to external identification, door-mounted devices shall be
identified inside the compartments. Inside nameplates may be
adhesive type.
4.6.3.4 Nameplates shall be white with 1/4-inch-high minimum engraved
black lettering.
4.6.3.5 Meters, relays, switches, and other devices on and within the transfer
switch shall be permanently identified.
4.7
Page 8 of 10
Inspection and Testing
4.7.1
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet,
supplier’s standard tests shall be performed.
4.7.2
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, purchaser will
witness supplier’s standard tests.
Process Industry Practices
June 2007
PIP ELSAP20
Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
4.7.3
If specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet, additional testing
shall be performed.
4.7.4
Minimum testing shall include the following:
a. Mechanical operation tests to verify satisfactory operation
b. Electrical function tests to ensure proper operation of all devices and
components
4.8
4.9
Shipping
4.8.1
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet,
preparation for shipment shall be in accordance with supplier’s standards.
4.8.2
Loose equipment shall be appropriately packaged and secured for shipment
inside enclosures or shipping containers.
4.8.3
Loose equipment shall be properly tagged for easy identification.
Documentation
4.9.1
Documentation Content
4.9.1.1 Drawings and data of the type and quantity shown in Table 2 and the
purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet shall be submitted.
4.9.1.2 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s PIP ELSAP20D Data
Sheet, drawings shall be provided in approved electronic format.
4.9.1.3 Drawings shall have a space on the right-hand bottom corner for the
purchaser’s title block.
4.9.1.4 A tabulation of factory settings for all adjustable devices in the
automatic transfer switch as shipped shall be provided.
4.9.2
Conflict Resolution
Any conflicts between the reference documents shall be identified in writing
to the purchaser for resolution. If resolving conflicts, the following order of
precedence shall apply:
a. Purchase Order
b. PIP ELSAP20D Data Sheet
c. This Practice, PIP ELSAP20
d. Referenced Standards
Process Industry Practices
Page 9 of 10
PIP ELSAP20
Low-Voltage Automatic Transfer Switch
June 2007
Table 2 – Documentation Requirements
A
With
Bid
X
B
For
Review
X
X
C
Final
Certified
X
X
D
As
Built
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X(1)
X
X
Description
Detailed bill of materials
General layout of equipment, showing all dimensions,
weights, location; outline drawings showing the final
assembled configuration
Schematic and connection wiring diagrams for all
electrical equipment
Single-line, 3-line, and control schematic diagrams
List of accessories
Tabulation of factory settings
Installation, operation, programming, and maintenance
manual
Copies of certified test reports
Final as-built drawings
Recommended spare parts list with pricing
X
X
Notes:
A. These documents shall be provided with the proposal.
B. These documents shall be provided for the purchaser’s review and authorization to proceed
before fabrication.
C. These documents shall be provided as part of the final certified document submittal.
(1) Equipment shall be shipped with one set of installation, operation, and maintenance manuals.
D. The final as-built documents shall be provided within 2 weeks following shipment.
Page 10 of 10
Process Industry Practices
ASSOC. PIP
ELSAP20D-D
DATA SHEET
ELSAP20
PAGE 1 OF 1
LOW-VOLTAGE AUTOMATIC
TRANSFER SWITCH
ISSUED FOR:
✔
FACILITY NAME/LOCATION:
East Central Regional Water Reclamation Facility - West Palm Beach, Florida
PROPOSAL
PURCHASE
AS BUILT
ITEM NAME:
Automatic Transfer Switch
PURCHASER/LOCATION:
ITEM TAG NO.:
ATS1
JOB NO.:
SERVICE:
JUNE 2007
PURCHASER ORDER NO.:
UNIT:
SUPPLIER/LOCATION:
43-42-11-29 (SHEETS E-01-0 THRU E-05-0)
DWG. NO.:
DATA PROVIDED BY:
SUPPLIER ORDER/SERIAL NOS.:
PURCHASER
/
‹ SUPPLIER IF NOT BY PURCHASER
SUPPLIER
REFER TO PIP ELSAP20 FOR GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
APPLICABLE STATE AND LOCAL CODES:
SITE CONDITIONS:
ALTITUDE:
ENCLOSURE (4.6):
BELOW 3300
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE:
FT
SEISMIC ZONE:
40
MAX.:
✔
AREA CLASSIFICATION:
°C
✔
N/A
-5
MIN.:
UNCLASSIFIED
OTHER:
°C
NEMA 1
✔
SUPPLIER STANDARD
OTHER:
SPACE HEATER NOT REQUIRED (4.6.2)
✔
INDOOR
OUTDOOR
IN MCC
IN SWITCHGEAR
PURCHASER
SUPPLIER
TEMPERATURE CONTROL (4.6.2.6):
ADJUSTABLE THERMOSTAT CONTROL
OTHER:
✔
✔
POWER FOR SPACE HEATER:
GENERAL (4.1):
MOUNTING (4.1.1):
FLOOR MOUNTED
OTHER:
FINISH:
OTHER:
✔
WALL MOUNTED
HIGH TEMPERATURE CUTOUT
✔
BYPASS ISOLATION SWITCH REQUIRED (4.1.2)
MOMENTARY TEST PUSHBUTTON AND AMMETER (4.6.2.7)
PERMIT USE OF MOLDED CASE CB'S (4.1.3)
SILVER PLATED
INTERCONNECTION (4.1.5):
OTHER:
INSPECTION AND TESTING (4.7):
✔
TRANSFER SWITCH (4.2):
480
3
VOLTS
600
AMPERES:
✔
3
PHASE
POLES
60
HERTZ
SUPPLIER'S STANDARD TESTS
OTHER:
50,000A
FAULT CURRENT (4.2.2):
OPEN TRANSITION (4.2.3)
WITNESSED
CLOSED TRANSITION (4.2.4)
SHIPPING (4.8):
✔
DELAYED TRANSITION (4.2.5)
SWITCHED NEUTRAL CONDUCTOR (4.2.14)
SUPPLIER'S STANDARD PREPARATION
OTHER:
SOLIDLY CONNECTED NEUTRAL CONDUCTOR (4.2.15)
DOCUMENTATION (4.9):
MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLLER (4.4):
ELECTRONIC DOCUMENT FORMAT:
TRANSFER TO ALTERNATE SOURCE (4.4.10)
85% VOLTAGE
OTHER:
RE-TRANSFER TO NORMAL SOURCE (4.4.10)
TRANSFER TO ALTERNATE SOURCE (4.4.11)
DXF
✔
OTHER:
PDF/DWG
MANUFACTURER TO PROVIDE:
90% VOLTAGE
1
OTHER:
2
COPIES OF ALL DOCUMENTATION PLUS:
90% OF FREQUENCY
2
COPIES OF OPERATING MANUALS
OTHER:
REPRODUCIBLE PLUS:
OTHER REQUIREMENTS:
RE-TRANSFER TO NORMAL SOURCE (4.4.11)
95% OF FREQUENCY
RE-TRANSFER TO NORMAL SOURCE (4.4.14)
MANUAL
OTHER:
✔
AUTOMATIC
COMMUNICATION (4.4.3)
RS485
✔
OTHER:
DEVICENET
OPTIONAL FEATURES (4.5):
✔
GREEN/RED SIGNAL LIGHTS (4.5.1)
AUXILIARY CONTACTS (4.5.2)
✔
CONTACT FOR LV ENGINE START SIGNAL (4.5.3)
✔
TEST SWITCH FOR NORMAL SOURCE FAILURE (4.5.4)
✔
PUSH-TO-TEST INDICATOR LIGHTS (4.5.5)
✔
PUSH BUTTON TO TEST ALL (4.5.5)
✔
ENGINE EXERCISER (4.5.6)
NO.
DATE
REVISION DESCRIPTION
BY
APVD.
COMPLETE REVISION
July 2004
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of
High-Resistance Grounding System
(600 Volts or Below)
PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES
In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these
technical requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and
engineering costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While
this Practice is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users,
individual applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take
precedence over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and
particular matters or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering
situations should not be made solely on information contained in these materials. The
use of trade names from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of
preference but rather recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the
same specifications are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All
Practices or guidelines are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and
regulations including OSHA requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines
should conflict with OSHA or other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or
regulations must be followed. Consult an appropriate professional before applying or
acting on any material contained in or suggested by the Practice.
This Practice is subject to revision at any time by the responsible Function Team and
will be reviewed every 5 years. This Practice will be revised, reaffirmed, or withdrawn.
Information on whether this Practice has been revised may be found at www.pip.org.
© Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The
University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin,
Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any
kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written
authorization of PIP.
PIP will not consider requests for interpretations (inquiries) for this Practice.
PRINTING HISTORY
October 1995
Issued
July 2004
Complete Revision
Not printed with State funds
COMPLETE REVISION
July 2004
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of
High-Resistance Grounding System
(600 Volts or Below)
Table of Contents
1. Introduction .................................. 2
1.1 Purpose ............................................. 2
1.2 Scope................................................. 2
2. References ................................... 2
2.1 Process Industry Practices ................ 2
2.2 Industry Codes and Standards .......... 2
4.13.Testing ............................................... 9
4.14 Documentation................................... 9
Table 1 - Documentation
Requirements ........................... 10
4.15 Conflict Resolution........................... 11
3. Definitions .................................... 2
4. Requirements ............................... 3
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
General .............................................. 3
Site Conditions................................... 3
Enclosure........................................... 4
Control System .................................. 4
Disconnect Switch ............................. 5
Resistors............................................ 6
Portable Ground Current Detector..... 6
Wiring ................................................ 6
Space Heaters ................................... 8
Painting .............................................. 8
Nameplates........................................ 8
Identification (ID) Tag ........................ 9
Process Industry Practices
Page 1 of 11
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance Grounding System (600 Volts or Below)
1.
COMPLETE REVISION
July 2004
Introduction
1.1
Purpose
This Practice provides requirements for fabricators of high-resistance grounding
systems.
1.2
Scope
This Practice and the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D, define minimum
requirements for design, fabrication, testing, and documentation of 600-volts class,
three-phase, high-resistance grounding systems installed in non-classified areas.
This document is a complete revision of PIP ELSGS01, and, therefore, revision
markings are not provided.
2.
References
Applicable parts of the following Practices and industry codes and standards shall be
considered an integral part of this Practice. The edition in effect on the date of contract
award shall be used, except as otherwise noted. Short titles will be used herein where
appropriate.
2.1
Process Industry Practices (PIP)
– PIP ELSGS01D - Data Sheet for Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance
Grounding System (600 Volts or Below)
2.2
Industry Codes and Standards
• Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE/ANSI)
– IEEE 32 - IEEE Standard Requirements, Terminology, and Test Procedure for
Neutral Grounding Devices
– IEEE/ANSI C37.20.1. - IEEE Standard for Metal-Enclosed Low-Voltage
Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
– NFPA 70 - National Electrical Code
3.
Definitions
owner: The party who owns the facility wherein the high-resistance grounding system will be
used
purchaser: The party who awards the contract to the supplier. The purchaser may be the
owner or the owner’s authorized agent.
supplier: The party responsible for furnishing and/or installing the high-resistance grounding
system
Page 2 of 11
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance Grounding System (600 Volts or Below)
July 2004
4.
Requirements
4.1
General
4.1.1
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
the grounding system shall ground the power system using high-resistance
grounding principles so that the ground fault current is limited to an
adjustable value of approximately 1 to 5 amperes during a phase-to-ground
fault condition.
4.1.2
The grounding system shall be capable of producing a pulsing current into
the ground fault that can be traced to the fault with a multi-range portable
clamp-on ammeter. Pulsing current shall be at least 3 amperes more than the
setting of the ground fault current.
4.1.3
An adjustable time delay for ground fault alarm activation of approximately
0.2 to 2.0 seconds shall be provided to allow override of a momentary
ground fault alarm condition.
4.1.4
The grounding system shall continuously monitor the ground current in the
electrical system neutral and indicate ground fault by means of an
overcurrent relay.
4.1.5
A resistor shall be provided to initiate a controlled fault on one phase if the
system test push button is pressed. This test resistor circuit shall be inhibited
if a system ground fault is indicated by the ground fault relay.
4.1.6
The grounding system shall have normally closed (open to alarm) contacts to
provide remote indication of ground fault and loss of control voltage
conditions.
4.1.7
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D, a
control power source from within the equipment shall be provided.
4.1.8
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
the grounding system shall be designed for operation on a 480-volt line-toline (L-L) system.
4.1.9
The grounding system shall be suitable for use on a wye or delta
configuration as specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D.
4.1.10 If a delta system configuration is specified, three (3) single-phase neutralderiving, dry-type 220°C insulation, 80°C rise, 120-volt secondary
transformers shall be provided.
4.1.11 Equipment shall be labeled by a nationally recognized testing laboratory
(NRTL).
4.2
Site Conditions
4.2.1
The grounding system shall operate at the altitude indicated on the
purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D, without de-rating.
4.2.2
The grounding system shall be designed for the building code and seismic
zone indicated on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D.
Process Industry Practices
Page 3 of 11
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance Grounding System (600 Volts or Below)
4.3
COMPLETE REVISION
July 2004
4.2.3
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
the grounding system shall be capable of operating continuously at rated
output in an ambient temperature range of 32°F (0°C) to 104°F (40°C).
4.2.4
The grounding system shall operate over the entire temperature range at a
relative humidity of 5% to 95% non-condensing.
Enclosure
4.3.1
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
the grounding system shall be integrated into the switchgear or motor control
center enclosure.
4.3.2
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
the grounding system enclosure material shall be consistent with the
switchgear or motor control center enclosure.
4.3.3
Unless otherwise specified on the on the purchaser’s data sheet,
PIP ELSGS01D, enclosure type shall be NEMA 1.
4.3.4
Energized parts operated at or above 50 volts shall be guarded.
4.3.5
Each enclosure compartment shall have hinged access doors.
4.3.6
All grounding system components and connection points shall be visible and
shall be safely and easily accessible from the front of the enclosure.
4.3.7
Outdoor enclosures shall have hinged front panels with inner dead-front
construction. Metering and controls shall be accessible without the use of
tools.
4.3.8
Grounding system components shall be mounted on suitable back plates on
the inside of the enclosure.
4.3.9
Enclosure ventilation openings shall have 1/8-inch mesh vermin-proof
screens made of 304 stainless steel. Screens shall be located on the inside of
the openings.
4.3.10 Bolts and nuts on removable panels shall be captive type.
4.3.11 Bolting and hardware shall be corrosion resistant.
4.3.12 All disconnect devices shall have a means for padlocking in the OFF
position.
4.3.13 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
grounding systems not installed inside switchgear or motor control centers
shall have cable entry from the bottom.
4.4
Control System
4.4.1
Control system shall include the following components, unless included as
part of a digital control unit:
a. One (1) ammeter (0 to 5 A movement) to indicate ground current if a
ground occurs on the system. Ammeter shall have suitable range to
indicate maximum pulsing current.
Page 4 of 11
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance Grounding System (600 Volts or Below)
July 2004
b. Neutral current transformer
c. Test push-button to simulate a ground-fault condition
d. Reset push-button to reset the system
e. A red indicating light to indicate ground fault
f.
A green indicating light to indicate normal condition
g. A ground current test loop and a test current test loop in resistor wiring
that allow the use of a clamp on ammeter to measure ground current
h. A provision for selection of normal or pulse operation
i.
A holding relay with two additional normally open and two normally
closed contacts for use by the purchaser. Holding relay contacts shall be
connected to terminal blocks for purchaser connections.
j.
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet,
PIP ELSGS01D, a switchgear class overcurrent relay in a drawout case
with a minimum pickup current of 0.5 amperes or less
k. A filter to eliminate nuisance alarms if the overcurrent detection and
alarm system is not inherently insensitive to adjustable speed drive
carrier frequency and other harmonics
l.
An undervoltage relay with two normally open and two normally closed
contacts for remote indication of loss of control power. The contacts
shall be connected to terminal blocks for purchaser’s connections.
m. A pulsing contactor set to produce approximately 40 current pulsations
per minute
n. A timer for the pulsing contactor
o. A control power transformer with secondary fuses
4.4.2
4.5
All indicating lights shall be replaceable high-brightness, single-element
light-emitting diode (LED) lamps. A push to test function shall be provided
for each light.
Disconnect Switch
4.5.1
The grounding system shall have a disconnect device for isolation of control
power.
4.5.2
If specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D, for a wye system,
a disconnect switch shall be provided for the neutral connection.
4.5.3
If specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D, for a delta
system, a disconnect switch shall be provided for the neutral deriving
transformer.
4.5.4
The disconnect device shall be prominently marked to warn that, if the
device is opened, the power system will be ungrounded.
Process Industry Practices
Page 5 of 11
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance Grounding System (600 Volts or Below)
4.6
4.7
COMPLETE REVISION
July 2004
Resistors
4.6.1
The grounding system shall have continuous rated, wire or edge wound
resistors of corrosion resistant material.
4.6.2
Resistors shall be rated to operate at 277-volts AC minimum.
4.6.3
For systems operating at 550 and 600 volts, resistors shall be rated at
350 volts AC minimum.
4.6.4
Resistor assembly shall have a minimum of four adjustable taps or shall be
continuously adjustable.
4.6.5
Resistors shall be mounted on standoffs designed so that the surface
temperature of the surrounding enclosure does not increase more than 20°C
above ambient temperature during fault conditions.
Portable Ground Current Detector
4.7.1
The grounding system shall be designed to function in conjunction with a
portable, clamp-on ground current detector.
4.7.2
Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
the system shall be furnished with a portable ground current detector.
4.7.3
Portable ground current detector shall be provided with:
a. A multi-range switch for accurate measurement of pulsing current
b. A large window that is suitable for conduits with a nominal diameter of
up to 5 inches
c. A removable arm to facilitate use of the detector in limited spaces in
which conduits/cables are close together
d. A shorting switch to provide transient protection while detector is being
positioned around conductors
e. A closed magnetic field to minimize effects of stray fields
f.
An insulated handle for use on systems rated up to 4,160 volts nominal
g. A carrying case
4.8
Wiring
4.8.1
General
4.8.1.1 All wiring shall be stranded copper conductors.
4.8.1.2 Power and control wiring shall be #14 AWG minimum.
4.8.1.3 Wiring from transformer neutral to switchgear shall be #8 AWG,
minimum.
4.8.1.4 Current transformer (CT) wiring shall be #10 AWG conductor
minimum, unless device terminals do not allow the use of #10
conductor.
Page 6 of 11
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
July 2004
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance Grounding System (600 Volts or Below)
4.8.1.5 Wiring insulation shall be rated for 600 volts and a conductor
temperature of 90°C minimum.
4.8.1.6 A separate, properly labeled terminal strip shall be provided for
connection to remote devices.
4.8.1.7 Spare relay contacts shall be wired to terminal blocks.
4.8.1.8 Exposed wiring shall be neatly bundled, protected against contact
with sharp edges, and secured with wire ties. Adhesive-back wire
supports shall not be used to support wiring.
4.8.1.9 All wiring, except CT wiring, shall be terminated with seamless,
insulated, locking-fork type lugs, unless device terminals do not
allow their use.
4.8.1.10 CT circuit wiring shall be terminated with insulated, ring-type lugs,
unless device terminals do not allow their use.
4.8.1.11 Wiring to the resistor shall be rated for the operating temperature of
the resistor.
4.8.2
Terminal Blocks
4.8.2.1 Terminal blocks shall be front-accessible, rated for 600 volts, and
suitable for holding spade and ring-type lugs.
4.8.2.2 A maximum of two wires shall be connected at each side of each
terminal.
4.8.2.3 All purchaser-connected wiring shall be connected on one side of the
terminal block provided for external connections.
4.8.2.4 Separate terminal blocks shall be provided for terminating the
incoming neutral connection, the outgoing connection to ground, and
the connection to an external source of 120-volt AC control power if
required.
4.8.2.5 Each CT circuit shall be terminated in a properly identified shortingtype terminal block.
4.8.2.6 A separate, suitably marked terminal strip shall be provided for all
resistor taps and to allow changing of taps from the front. An
engraved nameplate indicating various tap connections shall be
provided near this terminal strip.
4.8.3
Labeling
4.8.3.1 Each wire shall have permanent wire labels at both ends. Labels
shall be consistent with wiring diagrams. Adhesive-type wire labels
are not acceptable.
4.8.3.2 Relays, fuse blocks, terminal blocks, and other auxiliary devices
shall be labeled with nameplates.
Process Industry Practices
Page 7 of 11
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance Grounding System (600 Volts or Below)
4.9
4.10
COMPLETE REVISION
July 2004
Space Heaters
4.9.1
All enclosures shall have space heaters.
4.9.2
Space heaters shall be rated for 240 volts and operated at 120-volts AC.
4.9.3
Unless specified otherwise on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
space heaters shall be controlled by a thermostat that shall be adjustable
between 15°C (59°F) and 30°C (86°F).
4.9.4
Space heaters shall be completely wired for connection to an external power
source.
4.9.5
Space heater load shall be as specified on the purchaser’s data sheet,
PIP ELSGS01D.
4.9.6
Space heaters shall be provided with expanded metal cages to protect
personnel from contact with the hot surface.
4.9.7
Wiring to the space heater terminals shall be rated for the temperature of the
heater.
4.9.8
Maximum sheath temperature of space heaters shall be 200°C.
Painting
4.10.1 External and internal steel surfaces of grounding system enclosure shall be
painted.
4.10.2 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
paint color shall be ANSI 61 light gray.
4.10.3 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
interior color shall be manufacturer’s standard.
4.10.4 The finish coat shall be free from craters, pinholes, holidays, embedded
foreign matter, and other visual defects.
4.10.5 The topcoat shall provide complete hiding, consistent coverage and
thickness, and uniform color.
4.10.6 For outdoor and indoor service in non-corrosive environments, the supplier’s
standard surface preparation and coating system are acceptable if applied in
accordance with the coating manufacturer’s written instructions and if the
finish coat is for outdoor use.
4.10.7 For service in corrosive environments, the painting and protective coatings
shall be in accordance with the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D.
4.10.8 A 1-pint (0.5-L) container of paint shall be provided for field touch-up.
4.11
Nameplates
4.11.1 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
nameplates shall be made of laminated plastic with black engraved lettering
on white background. Lettering shall be 1/4 inch high, minimum.
4.11.2 Nameplates shall be attached with stainless steel screws.
Page 8 of 11
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance Grounding System (600 Volts or Below)
July 2004
4.11.3 An instruction nameplate shall be on the front of the enclosure of the
grounding system with complete step-by-step instructions for normal
operation, ground fault detection, and test procedures. Instruction nameplate
shall have engraved black lettering on white background.
4.11.4 Each main component on the front of the enclosure shall have a nameplate
that indicates the name or function of the component.
4.11.5 Auxiliary equipment on the back or on the inside of the enclosure shall have
nameplates indicating the name of the device as indicated on the control
schematic drawing. The inside nameplates can be a permanent adhesive type.
4.11.6 If the grounding system has more than one source of external power,
warning nameplates indicating multiple sources of power shall be provided.
4.12
Identification (ID) Tag
4.12.1 An ID tag made of laminated plastic with black figures on a white
background shall be provided.
4.12.2 The tag shall list the Equipment No., Purchase Order No., and Project No. as
specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D.
4.12.3 The ID tag shall also contain supplier’s name, date, and location of
manufacture, and information for complete identification of the equipment.
4.13.
Testing
4.13.1 If specified on purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D, manufacturer’s
standard tests, including a complete functional, operational, and point-topoint check of the wiring, shall be performed.
4.13.2 If specified on purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D, purchaser shall
witness tests.
4.13.3 A certified test report shall be provided before shipment of the grounding
system.
4.13.4 Dielectric tests shall be performed in accordance with ANSI/IEEE C37.20.1
and IEEE 32-1972, 10.3.
4.14
Documentation
4.14.1 Drawings shall provide a space on the right-bottom corner for purchaser’s
title block.
4.14.2 Schematic drawings shall include the following information as a minimum:
a. Complete schematic diagram with item numbers corresponding to bill of
materials
b. Operation and contact arrangement of overcurrent and control relays
c. All resistor taps for various ground fault currents and pulsating current
arrangement
d. Cross-reference to bill of materials and other drawings
Process Industry Practices
Page 9 of 11
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance Grounding System (600 Volts or Below)
COMPLETE REVISION
July 2004
4.14.3 Instructions for testing the power system to determine its normal capacitive
charging current shall be provided.
4.14.4 Drawings submitted for approval shall include factory default setting of taps.
4.14.5 Documentation of the type and quantity shown in Table 1 and the
purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D, shall be provided.
4.14.6 One reproducible set of drawings and the specified number of copies of all
documentation and operating manuals as indicated on the purchaser’s data
sheet, PIP ELSGS01D, shall be provided.
4.14.7 Unless otherwise specified on the purchaser’s data sheet, PIP ELSGS01D,
format for reproducible drawings shall be CAD convertible .dxf electronic
format.
TABLE 1 - DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS
A
X
B
C
D
X
X
X
Detailed bill of material
X
X
X
General layout of equipment, showing all dimensions,
weights, location, and outline drawings, showing the final
assembled configuration
X
X
Connection wiring diagrams for all electrical equipment
X
X
X
X
Installation, operation, and maintenance manual
X
X
Single-line, 3-line, and control schematic diagrams
Certified test reports
X(1)
X
DESCRIPTION
Final as-built drawings
Recommended priced spare parts list
NOTES:
A. These documents shall be furnished with proposal.
B. These documents shall be furnished for purchaser’s review and authorization
to proceed before fabrication.
C. These documents shall be furnished as part of the final certified document
submittal.
(1) Equipment shall be shipped with one set of installation, operation, and
maintenance manuals.
D. The final as-built documents shall be furnished within 2 weeks following
shipment.
Page 10 of 11
Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION
July 2004
4.15
PIP ELSGS01
Design and Fabrication of High-Resistance Grounding System (600 Volts or Below)
Conflict Resolution
Any conflicts between the referenced documents shall be identified to the purchaser
in writing for resolution. In general, when resolving conflicts, the following order of
precedence shall apply:
a. One-line diagram
b. PIP ELSGS01D Data Sheet
c. This Practice, PIP ELSGS01
d. Referenced standards
Process Industry Practices
Page 11 of 11
March 2001
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES
In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these
technical requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and
engineering costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While
this Practice is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users,
individual applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take
precedence over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and
particular matters or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering
situations should not be made solely on information contained in these materials. The
use of trade names from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of
preference but rather recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the
same specifications are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All
Practices or guidelines are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and
regulations including OSHA requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines
should conflict with OSHA or other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or
regulations must be followed. Consult an appropriate professional before applying or
acting on any material contained in or suggested by the Practice.
This Practice is subject to revision at any time by the responsible Function Team
and will be reviewed every 5 years. This Practice will be revised, reaffirmed, or
withdrawn. Information on whether this Practice has been revised may be found at
http://www.pip.org.
© Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The
University of Texas at Austin, 3208 Red River Street, Suite 300, Austin,
Texas 78705. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use.
Not printed with State funds
March 2001
Process Industry Practices
Electrical
PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
Table of Contents
2. References ................................... 3
8.1 Equipment and Installation Check
Items ................................................ 11
8.2. Equipment and Installation
Inspection Items .............................. 11
8.3. Testing Requirements ..................... 12
8.4 Function Test Items ......................... 12
2.1. Process Industry Practices ................ 3
2.2. Industry Codes and Standards .......... 3
9. Shielded Power Cables ............. 12
1. Introduction .................................. 3
1.1. Purpose ............................................. 3
1.2. Scope................................................. 3
3. Definitions .................................... 4
4. General ......................................... 4
5. Acceptable Measurements.......... 5
6. Grounding Systems..................... 8
6.1. Below Ground .................................... 8
6.2. Above Ground.................................... 8
7. Medium-Voltage Switchgear ....... 9
7.1 Equipment and Installation
Check Items....................................... 9
7.2 Equipment and Installation
Inspection Items................................. 9
7.3. Testing Requirements ..................... 10
7.4 Function Test Items ......................... 11
9.1 Equipment and Installation Check
Items ................................................ 12
9.2. Equipment and Installation
Inspection Items .............................. 13
9.3. Testing Requirements ..................... 13
9.4 Radiograph Requirements............... 14
10. Non-Shielded Cable and
Wiring....................................... 14
10.1 Equipment and Installation Check
Items ................................................ 14
10.2 Equipment and Installation
Inspection Items .............................. 14
10.3 Testing Requirements ..................... 15
8. Power Transformers.................. 11
Process Industry Practices
Page 1 of 23
PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
March 2001
11. Medium-Voltage MCCs .............15
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
Equipment and Installation Check
Items ..........................................15
Equipment and Installation
Inspection Items.........................16
Testing Requirements ...............16
Function Test Items ...................17
12. Motors........................................17
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
Equipment and Installation Check
Items ..........................................17
Equipment and Installation
Inspection Items.........................18
Testing Requirements ...............18
Function Test Items ...................18
13. Low-Voltage Switchgear ..........19
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
Equipment and Installation Check
Items ..........................................19
Equipment and Installation
Inspection Items.........................19
Testing Requirements ...............20
Function Test Items ...................20
14. Low-Voltage MCCs and
Switchracks...............................20
14.1
14.2
14.3
14.4
Equipment and Installation Check
Items ..........................................20
Equipment and Installation
Inspection Items.........................21
Testing Requirements ...............21
Function Test Items ...................21
15. Panelboards and Lighting
Systems .....................................22
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
Page 2 of 23
Equipment and Installation Check
Items ..........................................22
Equipment and Installation
Inspection Items.........................22
Testing Requirements ...............22
Functional Test Items ................22
Process Industry Practices
PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
March 2001
1.
Introduction
1.1.
Purpose
This Practice provides the minimum requirements for field inspection and testing of
new electrical equipment and facilities installed in a process industry application.
1.2.
Scope
This Practice covers inspection and testing procedures for new low- and mediumvoltage electrical facilities in a process industry. Minimum acceptable values for the
testing results are included in this specification. Forms for recording inspection and
test values are also included.
Certain specialty equipment and packaged equipment are application specific and are
not covered by this Practice.
Some inspections and tests may require an independent testing organization or an
equipment manufacturer’s representative. It is outside the scope of this Practice to
define which tests require a third party or to designate responsibility for obtaining
and coordinating these third parties. When necessary, these tests will be defined in
the project scope.
This Practice does not cover full compliance inspections required by various codes
and regulations but does provide assurance of equipment integrity and compliance
with project-specific documents.
2.
References
2.1.
Process Industry Practices (PIP)
– PIP ELTFT01D - Field Inspection and Testing of New Electrical Equipment
Data Sheet
2.2.
Industry Codes and Standards
• American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
• Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
– ANSI/IEEE Std. 141-1993 (R1999) - Recommended Practice for Electric
Power Distribution for Industrial Plants
– ANSI/IEEE Std. 81-1983 - Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground
Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Ground System
– ANSI/IEEE Std. 95-1977 (R1991) - Recommended Practice for Insulation
Testing of Large AC Rotating Machinery with High Direct Voltage
– ANSI/IEEE C57.13.1-1981 (R1999) - Guide for Field Testing of Relaying
Current Transformers
Process Industry Practices
Page 3 of 23
PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
March 2001
– IEEE 576-2000 - Recommended Practice Installation, Termination, and
Testing of Insulated Power Cable as Used in the Petroleum and Chemical
Industry
• International Electrical Testing Association (NETA)
– NETA ATS-1999 - Acceptance Testing Specifications for Electrical Power
Distribution Equipment and Systems (NETA ATS)
3.
Definitions
Check: Inspection to verify conformance with drawings and specifications; does not require
witnessing by Owner’s authorized representative.
CPT: Control power transformer
CT: Current transformer
Function test: A complete operational check of the entire system; requires witnessing by
authorized representative unless waived in writing.
Inspect: A detailed physical inspection of equipment to verify conformance to drawings and
specifications; requires witnessing by Owner’s authorized representative unless waived in
writing
MCC: Motor control center
PT: Potential transformer
Test: Application of external power source or test equipment to prove the integrity of the unit
or system; requires witnessing by Owner’s authorized representative unless waived in
writing.
Tester: The party responsible for conducting the check items, inspection items, testing
requirements, and function test items as covered herein for installed electrical equipment and
electrical facilities as defined in the project scope
4.
General
4.1
The Tester shall comply with all federal, state, and local regulations and codes as
well as with site-specific safety procedures and requirements.
4.2
Before beginning any inspection and testing, the Owner and the Tester must agree on
the electrical inspection and testing procedures.
4.3
Tester shall confirm that all check items, inspection items, and testing are performed
before placing any equipment in operation.
4.4
The Tester shall be responsible for arranging and conducting the testing per the
approved project schedule.
Process Industry Practices
Page 4 of 23
PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
March 2001
5.
4.5
The Tester shall be responsible for maintaining the individual test sheets and the
project master checkout sheet as defined in the project scope. These sheets shall be
maintained in an up-to-date condition and are subject to review at any time. These
sheets shall be submitted to the Owner’s project electrical representative in final
format at the completion of the project.
4.6
All components with test results that fall outside the acceptable range and individual
measurements that fall outside the average of like measurements by 25 percent
difference shall be immediately brought to the Owner’s attention.
4.7
Inspection items, testing, and function test items shall be witnessed by an Owner’s
authorized representative unless specifically waived in writing. Tester shall give
sufficient notice before any witnessed test.
4.8
Copies of the test results shall be submitted in preliminary form to the Owner’s
authorized representative within five (5) working days after each test. These
preliminary results shall be submitted and approved by Owner before placing any
equipment in operation.
4.9
Tester shall transmit all final testing forms to the Owner.
Acceptable Measurements
5.1
Insulation resistance tests shall be made at the following voltages with respect to the
circuit voltage rating:
Volts DC
Circuit Rating (V)
500
0 - 300 volts
1000
301 - 600 volts
2500
601 - 2500 volts
5000
2501 volts and above
All circuit conductors shall be tested phase to phase and phase to ground. A phaseto-ground test on shielded cable shall mean "conductor to shield." Insulation
resistance for wire and cable shall be corrected to 60°F (15.6°C). Insulation
resistance for all other equipment items shall be corrected to 104°F (40°C). The
measured insulation resistance values shall not be less than the following values.
5.1.1
5.1.2
Process Industry Practices
Motors:
460 volt, cold machine
15 megohms
2300 volt, cold machine
25 megohms
Above 2300 volt, cold
machine
75 megohms
Transformer windings in which all windings are grounded except the one
under test:
Page 5 of 23
PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
Transformer (V)
5.1.3
March 2001
Liquid (Oil)
Dry
0 - 600
100 megohms
500 megohms
601 - 5000
1000 megohms
5000 megohms
5001 - 15,000
5000 megohms
25,000 megohms
Switchgear buses, circuit breakers, motor control centers, and panelboards:
250 volt and below
25 megohms
600-volt equipment
100 megohms
2400-volt equipment
500 megohms
Equipment rated above
2400 volts
2000 megohms
5.1.4
For 600-volt-rated cables, insulation resistance shall not be less than
50 megohms.
5.1.5
For instrument and control conductors rated 300 volts and below, the
insulation resistance shall not be less than 1 megohm.
5.1.6
For cables rated above 600 volts, minimum insulation resistance per
1000 feet of cable shall not be less than that calculated with the formula
below:
R = k log10 D/d, where:
R = insulation resistance in megohms/1000 ft
k = insulation constant
D = diameter over insulation
d = conductor diameter
The calculated values of insulation resistance shall be rounded to the next
lower 100-megohm value. For armored cables, the calculated insulation
resistance shall be reduced to 80 percent and then rounded off to the nearest
100-megohm value. For lengths other than 1000 feet, the insulation
resistance is inversely proportional to the cable length.
Insulation constant (k) values for different insulations are as follows:
Insulation Type
k
Ethylene propylene rubber (EPR)
20,000
Cross-linked polyethylene (XLP)
20,000
Butyl rubber
10,000
Thermoplastic
5.2
2000
The values from transformer turns ratio (TTR) tests shall not deviate more than
1/2 percent from either the adjacent coils or the calculated ratio given in NETA
ATS-1999, paragraph 7.2.2.3.6.
Process Industry Practices
Page 6 of 23
PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
March 2001
5.3
The oil in all oil-filled equipment rated 69 kV and below shall be tested and shall
meet the values shown in the following table (based on NETA ATS-1999,
Table 10.4).
Test
Value
Dielectric breakdown,
kV minimum
30
Dielectric breakdown,
kV minimum @ 0.04" gap
20
Dielectric breakdown,
kV minimum @ 0.08 gap
40
Interfacial tension
mM/m minimum
35
Neutralization number,
mg KOH/g maximum
0.03
Water content, ppm
maximum
25
Power factor at 25ºC, %
0.15
Power factor at 100ºC, %
1.50
Color
1.0
Visual condition
Bright & clear
5.4
All ground resistance measurements shall be made by equipment utilizing the “fall of
potential” method per ANSI/IEEE Std. 81. Maximum ground resistance for all
electrical equipment is 5 ohms unless specified otherwise.
5.5
The test voltage for the DC step voltage test on medium-voltage switchgear and other
non-inductive equipment shall be as shown in the following table (based on NETA
ATS-1999, Table 10.11), unless specified otherwise by the Owner.
Insulation Class
5.6
Maximum
Field-Applied
DC Test (kV)
1.2
8.5
2.5
12.7
5.0
16.1
8.7
22.1
15.0
28.8
18.0
33.9
25.0
42.4
35.0
59.4
46.0
80.6
69.0
118.8
The maximum acceptable value of combustible gases for the transformer gas
chromatograph (GC) test is 500 ppm.
Process Industry Practices
Page 7 of 23
PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
6.
March 2001
5.7
Minimum acceptable polarization index for the dielectric absorption test on mediumvoltage motor circuits is 2.0. For transformers, the minimum acceptable polarization
index shall be according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. If manufacturer’s
data are not available, the acceptance test results will serve as baseline data for
future tests.
5.8
Maximum contact resistance for medium-voltage breakers and contactors shall meet
manufacturer’s recommendations. If manufacturer’s data are not available, the
resistance shall not vary between phases by more than 25 percent.
Grounding Systems
6.1.
Below Ground
The following checks and inspections shall be performed before backfilling or
concrete pouring:
6.2.
6.1.1
Check that grounding system is in compliance with drawings and
specifications.
6.1.2
Check ground well installations for accessibility to ground rods.
6.1.3
Inspect all underground splices.
6.1.4
Inspect all internal foundation ground connections.
6.1.5
Check ground grid and ground loop wire sizes and color identification.
Above Ground
6.2.1
Check that grounding system is in compliance with drawings and
specifications.
6.2.2
Check all connections for tightness.
6.2.3
Check installations for mechanical protection of ground wire.
6.2.4
Test each ground loop segment for continuity between ground wells or
ground terminal bars.
6.2.5
Test each main ground grid for resistance to earth using the fall of potential
method. All connections to other ground grids shall be disconnected while
performing this test.
6.2.6
Individual tests of resistance to earth shall be performed using the fall of
potential method for the following equipment after their connection to the
ground grid:
1. Electrical system neutral grounding locations
2. Switchgear ground bus (all voltage levels)
3. Grouped motor control centers ground bus (all applicable voltage
levels)
Process Industry Practices
Page 8 of 23
PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
March 2001
4. Switchrack, transformer, and medium-voltage switch ground
connections
7.
Medium-Voltage Switchgear
7.1
7.2
Equipment and Installation Check Items
7.1.1
Check switchgear assembly for alignment, levelness, and tightness of all
bolting.
7.1.2
Check all equipment for the removal of blocking, supports, temporary ties,
and temporary jumper wires.
7.1.3
Check control power transformer and PT fuses for size, type, and circuit
location.
7.1.4
Check CT and PT ratios.
7.1.5
Check CPT size.
7.1.6
Check all components for proper identification per the drawings and
specifications.
Equipment and Installation Inspection Items
7.2.1
Inspect switchgear bus bar connections for tightness by verifying that the
torque meets manufacturer’s specifications. Verify that connection hardware
is consistent with the Owner’s project specifications.
7.2.2
Inspect switchgear bus supports for cleanliness and tightness.
7.2.3
Inspect ground connections to switchgear ground bus.
7.2.4
Inspect operation of the drawout mechanism including mechanical
interlocks, position indicators, and safety features.
7.2.5
Inspect operation of shutter devices.
7.2.6
Inspect operation of PT disconnecting and grounding mechanisms.
7.2.7
Inspect circuit breaker insulating parts for cleanliness and dryness.
7.2.8
Inspect electrical contact surfaces of air circuit breaker for cleanliness and
smoothness. Lubricate stationary contact surfaces per manufacturer's
recommendations.
7.2.9
Inspect contact wipe and alignment of air circuit breaker and verify that it is
in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations.
7.2.10 Inspect vacuum breaker mechanical adjustments and critical dimensions in
accordance with manufacturer's recommendations.
7.2.11 Inspect circuit breaker manual operation (maintenance closing procedure) to
verify that all parts are free and that they work smoothly.
7.2.12 Inspect operation of breaker mechanical trip function.
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March 2001
7.2.13 Inspect lubrication of breaker-operating mechanism and all other breaker
moving parts.
7.3.
Testing Requirements
7.3.1
Test insulation resistance of switchgear bus with a 1-minute test (phase to
phase and phase to ground).
7.3.2
Test insulation resistance of all instrument transformers with a 1-minute test
at applicable voltage.
7.3.3
Test insulation resistance of each circuit breaker (closed position) with a
1-minute test (phase to phase and phase to ground).
7.3.4
Test circuit breaker contact resistance with micro-ohmmeter.
7.3.5
Test dielectric strength of each medium-voltage circuit breaker (closed
position) with DC high-potential unit using the step voltage method and with
final voltage value according to the table in paragraph 5.5, unless specified
otherwise by the Owner. (Isolate and test each phase to ground with the
other two-phase terminals connected together and to ground.)
7.3.6
Test integrity of each vacuum interrupter on a vacuum circuit breaker in
accordance with manufacturer's instructions.
7.3.7
Calibrate and test each protective relay. Settings on devices shall be in
accordance with the approved relay settings summary or coordination study.
7.3.8
Test each CT secondary circuit by applying current to CT secondary circuit
with CTs disconnected and by verifying operation of all applicable relays
and metering devices. Perform a ratio-verification test using the voltage or
current method in accordance with ANSI C57.13.1.
7.3.9
Test each window-type ground CT and their circuits by applying current to
conductor passed through the window.
7.3.10 Test each PT secondary circuit by applying voltage to PT secondary circuit,
with the PTs disconnected, and then by verifying the operation of all
applicable relays and meters.
7.3.11 Test voltmeter, ammeter, and related selector switches.
7.3.12 Test operation of all space heaters, including switching and indicating
devices.
7.3.13 Perform circuit breaker minimum voltage trip test. Trip unit should be
operable at 40 percent of nominal voltage.
7.3.14 Verify that each circuit breaker opening time meets the manufacturer’s
specifications.
7.3.15 For double-ended switchgear, test phasing after energizing but before closing
the tie breaker.
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March 2001
7.4
Function Test Items
7.4.1
Function-test circuit breaker in test position:
1. Close and trip circuit breaker from its local and remote control devices.
Verify operation of all auxiliary devices by functional testing.
2. Trip circuit breaker individually from each local protective device.
3. Test any special circuits such as main-tie-main controls.
8.
7.4.2
Function-test circuit breaker in normal operating position before
energization of bus.
7.4.3
When resistance-grounding systems are installed, function test the
equipment using the available protection/alarm test features.
Power Transformers
8.1
8.2.
Equipment and Installation Check Items
8.1.1
Check all components for proper identification per the drawings and
specifications.
8.1.2
Check transformer nameplate rating, impedance, and available tap positions.
8.1.3
Check transformer case including cooling fins, primary terminal enclosure,
or switch enclosure for any external mechanical damage.
8.1.4
Check transformer tank, cooling fins, and all other welded or bolted joints
under oil for evidence of oil leakage.
8.1.5
Check all valves, fittings, and gasket surfaces for tightness and for any
evidence of oil leakage.
8.1.6
Check transformer unit for inclusion of all standard auxiliary items
according to the purchase specification.
8.1.7
Check transformer secondary terminal box for adequate weatherproofing.
8.1.8
Check primary terminal enclosure for adequate weatherproofing and bolting.
Equipment and Installation Inspection Items
8.2.1
Inspect operation of tap changer unit.
8.2.2
Inspect transformer level indicator for proper oil level.
8.2.3
Inspect transformer liquid temperature indicator and transformer pressurevacuum indicator for appropriate readings.
8.2.4
Inspect ground connection to transformer ground pad and to transformer
secondary neutral if applicable.
8.2.5
If supplied, inspect ground resistor and ground CT mounting and their
connections.
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8.3.
March 2001
Testing Requirements
8.3.1
All power transformer tests shall be per NETA ATS.
8.3.2
Oil samples from the transformer shall be obtained and tested for the
following:
1. Dielectric breakdown voltage
2. Neutralization number
3. Specific gravity
4. Interfacial tension
5. Color
6. Power factor
7. Water content
8.4
8.3.3
Perform a gas chromatograph test on each transformer to establish initial
base points.
8.3.4
Test insulation resistance of transformer windings by disconnecting surge
arresters and using a 10-minute dielectric absorption test. Windings shall be
tested primary to ground, secondary to ground, and primary to secondary.
8.3.5
Test each transformer using AC power factor test in accordance with test
equipment manufacturer’s instructions.
8.3.6
Test ground resistance of transformer grounding point using the fall of
potential method.
8.3.7
When specified on the Data Sheet, test each transformer using transformer
turns ratio (TTR) test at each no-load tap setting.
Function Test Items
8.4.1
Function-test operation of all safety interlock systems.
8.4.2
Function-test operation of auxiliary devices or systems:
1. Liquid temperature, level, pressure alarms, etc.
2. Fault pressure relay alarm or shutdown
3. Cooling fans
4. If provided, terminal compartment space heaters
8.4.3
9.
Set transformer taps to give desired secondary voltage according to the
design primary voltage for normal operating condition.
Shielded Power Cables
9.1
Equipment and Installation Check Items
9.1.1
Process Industry Practices
Check cable size, type, and rating.
Page 12 of 23
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Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
March 2001
9.2.
9.1.2
Check cable support systems (tray, conduit, or messenger) including conduit
bushings, straps, clamps, messenger hardware, and thermal expansion
provisions.
9.1.3
Check installation for adequate bending radius for all cables and individual
conductors.
9.1.4
Check cables for any exterior mechanical damage.
9.1.5
Check grounding of cable support system including cable tray grounding
jumpers.
9.1.6
Check wiring for proper identification according to the drawings and
specifications.
9.1.7
Check conduits and cables for proper tagging.
9.1.8
Check equipment installations for location of seals, breathers, and drains.
Equipment and Installation Inspection Items
9.2.1
Inspect installation of cable termination fittings (including pouring of fittings
if applicable).
9.2.2
Inspect all terminations and splices for conformance to manufacturer's
recommendations.
1. Verify proper type and size of connector or lug.
2. Verify that proper hydraulic crimp tool and die is used.
3. Verify proper termination and splicing, including use of recommended
tapes (semi-conducting, insulating), shielding, jacket, and tracking
resistant cover or proper size preformed stress cone unit or system.
4. Verify that cable terminators are properly installed.
9.2.3
9.3.
Inspect the proper routing of cable shield and bonding conductors through
zero sequence CTs.
Testing Requirements
9.3.1
Upon receipt of cable, test insulation resistance of each conductor on the reel
using a 1-minute test.
9.3.2
Test cable in final position after all splices are completed. Connections shall
be completed to all components that can withstand the recommended DC
high-potential test voltage. For components that cannot withstand the test
voltage, the terminations shall be fully prepared including penciling of the
insulation and making of the stress cones, but the terminations shall not be
connected to the component. If potheads are used, all internal work shall be
completed including pouring of the pothead, and the cable test voltage shall
be set not to exceed the maximum withstand voltage guaranteed by the
pothead manufacturer.
1. Test metallic shield of each cable for continuity.
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Field Inspection and Testing of
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March 2001
2. Test each conductor including ground wire for continuity.
3. Test insulation resistance of each cable. (Test each conductor to ground
with the other two conductors grounded.)
4. Test dielectric of each cable with DC high-potential step-voltage-type
test using final test voltage given in ANSI/IEEE Std. 141-1993 (R1999),
Table 12-9, for the applicable cable type or for the voltage limitation of
connected equipment.
5. Verify that all grounds are removed before energization.
9.4
Radiograph Requirements
When specified on the Data Sheet, radiographs shall be taken of all splices and
terminations. Sufficient shots shall be taken to give a clear view of each conductor.
All films shall be clearly identified and submitted to the Owner for permanent
retention.
10.
Non-Shielded Cable and Wiring
10.1
Equipment and Installation Check Items
10.1.1 Check cable size, type, and rating.
10.1.2 Check cable support systems (tray, conduit, or messenger) including straps,
conduit bushings, clamps, messenger hardware, and thermal expansion
provisions.
10.1.3 Check installation for adequate bending radius for all cables and individual
conductors.
10.1.4 Check cables for any exterior mechanical damage.
10.1.5 Check grounding of cable support system including cable tray grounding
jumpers.
10.1.6 Check wiring for proper identification according to the drawings and
specifications. For cables rated 600 volts and below, check for conformance
to color code.
10.1.7 Check conduits and cables for proper tagging.
10.1.8 Check equipment installations for location of seals, breathers, and drains.
10.2
Equipment and Installation Inspection Items
10.2.1 Inspect installation of cable termination fittings (including the pouring of the
fittings if applicable).
10.2.2 Inspect all terminations and splices for conformance to manufacturer's
recommendations.
1. Verify proper type and size of connector or lug.
2. Verify that proper hydraulic crimp tool and die are being used.
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March 2001
3. Verify that proper tapes are being used.
4. Verify that cable terminators are properly installed.
10.3
Testing Requirements
10.3.1. Upon receipt of each multi-conductor power cable, test insulation resistance
with cable on the reel using a 1-minute test. Test each conductor to ground
with the other conductors grounded.
10.3.2. Test each conductor, including ground, for continuity with cables in their
final position with all splices completed.
10.3.3. For cables rated 600 volts and less, test insulation resistance of all cables
with the cables in final position and with all splices and terminations
completed. Test each conductor to ground with the other conductors
grounded.
10.3.4. For the following cables above 600 volts, three-conductor metallic sheathed
cables, or three single-conductor cables in metallic conduit, testing shall be
as follows:
Testing shall be with cables in final position after all splices are completed.
Connections shall be completed to all components that can withstand the
recommended DC high-potential test voltage. For components that cannot
withstand the test voltage, the terminations shall be fully prepared but shall
not be connected to the component.
1. Test insulation resistance of each cable with a 1-minute test.
2. Test dielectric of each cable with a DC high-potential unit-step voltagetype test; the final test voltage shall be according to ANSI/IEEE Std.
141-1993 (R1999), Table 12-9, for the applicable cable type.
3. Verify that all grounds are removed before energization.
11.
Medium-Voltage MCCs
11.1
Equipment and Installation Check Items
11.1.1 Check MCC equipment for alignment, levelness, and tightness of all bolting.
11.1.2 Check all equipment for removal of blocking, supports, temporary ties, and
temporary wire jumpers.
11.1.3 Check that all protective barriers are properly installed.
11.1.4 Check door alignment of individual starter units and door interlock
operation.
11.1.5 Check operation of external overload protective device reset.
11.1.6 Check that drawout contacts are completely disconnected when drawout
handle is operated.
11.1.7 Check CPT and PT fuses for size, type, and circuit location.
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Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
March 2001
11.1.8 Check PT and CT ratios.
11.1.9 Check CPT size and rating.
11.1.10 Check voltage rating of contactor coil.
11.1.11 Verify that metering or relaying devices using resistance temperature
detectors (RTDs) have the correct rating.
11.1.12 Check fuses and wiring to power factor correction capacitors for size and
rating.
11.1.13 Check all components for proper identification according to the drawings
and specifications.
11.2
Equipment and Installation Inspection Items
11.2.1 Inspect MCC bus bar connections for tightness by verifying that the torque
meets manufacturer’s specifications. Verify that connection hardware is
consistent with the Owner’s project specifications.
11.2.2 Inspect MCC bus bar supports for cleanliness and tightness.
11.2.3 Inspect ground connections to ground bus.
11.2.4 Inspect operation of mechanical interlocks, position indicators, drawout or
rollout mechanism, and all safety interlock features.
11.2.5 Inspect contactor rating.
11.2.6 Inspect contactor-insulating parts for cleanliness and dryness.
11.2.7 Inspect contactor electrical contact surfaces for cleanliness and smoothness.
Lubricate per manufacturer's instructions.
11.2.8 Inspect contactor-seating surfaces of unplated and laminated magnet faces of
contactor and relays. Remove any rust or rust preventative if present.
11.2.9 Inspect contactor power stabs and adjust per manufacturer's instructions.
11.2.10 Inspect manual operation of contactor and mechanical relay devices to verify
that all parts are free and that they work smoothly. For air contactors, verify
adjustment for contact wipe and alignment per manufacturer's instructions.
11.2.11 Inspect lubrication of contactor moving parts.
11.2.12 Inspect contactor vacuum bottles for damage.
11.2.13 Inspect size, type, and rating of current-limiting power fuses.
11.2.14 Inspect overload protective device rating and setting.
11.3
Testing Requirements
11.3.1 Test insulation resistance of MCC bus with a 1-minute test (phase to phase
and phase to ground).
11.3.2 Test insulation resistance of control power and instrument transformers with
a 1-minute test at applicable voltage.
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Field Inspection and Testing of
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March 2001
11.3.3 Test insulation resistance of contactor (closed position) with a 1-minute test
(phase to phase and phase to ground).
11.3.4 Test contactor contact resistance with micro-ohmmeter.
11.3.5 Test integrity of each vacuum interrupter on a vacuum contactor in
accordance with manufacturer's instructions.
11.3.6 Calibrate and test each protective relay with settings on devices being in
accordance with approved relay settings summary or coordination study.
11.3.7 Test contactor drop-out time if power disturbance ride-through is specified.
11.3.8 Test operation of all space heaters including switching and indicating
devices.
11.3.9 Test CT circuit by applying current to the CT primary circuit and verifying
operation of all applicable relays and metering devices. When primary
current injection is not practicable because of size of current requirements,
test CT secondary circuit by applying current to CT secondary circuit with
CT disconnected, and verify operation of all applicable relays and metering
devices. Test window-type ground CTs and their circuits by applying current
to a conductor passed through the window.
11.3.10 When specified on the Data Sheet, perform a CT ratio-verification test using
the voltage or current method in accordance with ANSI C57.13.1.
11.3.11 Test voltmeter, ammeter, and related selector switches when installed.
11.3.12 Test proper operation of overload protective device. Operate mechanical trip
option if present.
11.4
Function Test Items
11.4.1 Function-test each contactor in the test position:
1. Close and trip contactor with all local and remote control devices.
Verify operation of all auxiliary devices by functional testing.
2. Trip contactor from each protective device individually. Verify
operation of all auxiliary devices.
11.4.2 Verify operation of capacitor discharge resistor system on power factor
capacitors using a properly sized voltmeter.
12.
Motors
12.1
Equipment and Installation Check Items
12.1.1 Check motor nameplate hp, voltage, full load amps, and service factor.
12.1.2 Check motor rotation arrow to verify that it conforms to driven equipment
requirements.
12.1.3 Check motor ground connections.
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Field Inspection and Testing of
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March 2001
12.1.4 Check motor shaft for free rotation.
12.1.5 Check motor bearings for proper lubrication.
12.1.6 Check motor bearing isolation.
12.1.7 Check all components for proper identification according to the drawings
and specifications.
12.1.8 Check all equipment items for conformance to area classification.
12.1.9 Check that resistance temperature detectors (RTDs) conform to drawings.
12.1.10 Check motor residual CTs for proper rating and connections.
12.1.11 Check motor surge capacitors and arresters for ratings and connections.
12.2
Equipment and Installation Inspection Items
12.2.1 Inspect motor bearing lubrication system.
12.3
Testing Requirements
12.3.1 The following tests shall be performed before connecting any wiring:
1. For motors rated 600 volts and below, test insulation resistance of each
motor with a 1-minute test using a 1000-volt insulation tester.
2. For motors rated over 600 volts, test insulation resistance of each motor
with a 10-minute dielectric absorption test. (For a three-lead motor, test
motor windings to ground. For a six-lead motor, tie leads together and
test windings to ground.)
3. For motors rated 4000 volts and above and 1000 hp and above, test
dielectric with DC high-potential test according to ANSI/IEEE Std. 95.
12.3.2 For motors rated 600 volts or less, test insulation resistance of motor power
cables plus motor following makeup of leads at motor with a 1-minute test.
12.3.3 For motors rated over 600 volts, test insulation resistance of motor power
cable plus motor following makeup of leads at the motor with a 10-minute
dielectric absorption test. Surge capacitors and arresters, if installed, must be
disconnected.
12.4
Function Test Items
12.4.1 With motor uncoupled, verify proper rotation of motor.
Note: When canned pumps are applied, comply with the manufacturer’s
requirements for this equipment.
12.4.2 For motors rated 600 volts or less, with motor uncoupled, perform 30-minute
run-in test on each motor.
1. Record no-load current.
2. Record bearing temperatures and vibration levels.
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Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
March 2001
12.4.3 For motors rated over 600 volts, with motor uncoupled, perform a 1-hour
run-in test on each motor.
1. Record no-load current.
2. Record bearing temperatures and vibration levels.
3. Verify motor operation at magnetic center.
13.
Low-Voltage Switchgear
13.1
Equipment and Installation Check Items
13.1.1 Check switchgear assembly for alignment, levelness, and tightness of all
bolting.
13.1.2 Check all equipment for removal of blocking, supports, temporary ties, and
temporary jumper wires.
13.1.3 Check control power transformer and PT fuses for size, type, and circuit
location.
13.1.4 Check PT and CT ratios.
13.1.5 Check control power transformer size.
13.1.6 Check all components for proper identification per the drawings and
specifications.
13.1.7 When installed, check high-resistance grounding equipment, connections,
and settings for conformance to drawings and specifications.
13.2
Equipment and Installation Inspection Items
13.2.1 Inspect switchgear bus bar connections for tightness by verifying that the
torque meets manufacturer’s specifications. Verify that connection hardware
is consistent with the Owner’s project specifications.
13.2.2 Inspect switchgear bus supports for cleanliness and tightness.
13.2.3 Inspect ground connection to switchgear ground bus.
13.2.4 Inspect proper operation of drawout mechanism including mechanical
interlocks, position indicators, and safety features.
13.2.5 Inspect circuit breaker insulating parts for cleanliness and dryness.
13.2.6 Inspect circuit breaker electrical contact surfaces for cleanliness and
smoothness. Lubricate per manufacturer's instructions.
13.2.7 Inspect circuit breaker contact wipe and alignment and verify that it is in
accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations.
13.2.8 Inspect proper operation of breaker mechanical trip function.
13.2.9 Inspect lubrication of all breaker moving parts.
13.2.10 Inspect stab adjustment and lubricate per manufacturer's instructions.
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PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
13.3
March 2001
Testing Requirements
13.3.1 Test insulation resistance of switchgear bus with a 1-minute test (phase to
phase and phase to ground).
13.3.2 Test insulation resistance of each circuit breaker (closed position) with a
1-minute test (phase to phase and phase to ground).
13.3.3 Test circuit breaker contact resistance with a micro-ohmmeter.
13.3.4 Test insulation resistance of all instrument transformers with a 1-minute test.
13.3.5 Calibrate and test each circuit breaker protective device with settings
according to drawings and specifications.
13.3.6 With CT disconnected, test CT secondary circuit for continuity and
operation of applicable relays and meters by applying current to the CT
secondary winding.
13.3.7 Test PT secondary circuit by applying voltage to the PT secondary, with PT
disconnected, verifying operation of all applicable relays and meters.
13.3.8 Test window-type ground CTs and their circuits by applying current to a
conductor passed through the window.
13.3.9 Test operation of all space heaters including switching and indicating
devices.
13.4
Function Test Items
13.4.1 Function-test circuit breaker in test position:
1. Close and trip circuit breaker from its local and remote control devices.
Verify operation of all auxiliary devices through functional test.
2. Trip circuit breaker individually from each local protective device.
3. Test any special circuits such as main-tie-main controls.
13.4.2 Function-test each circuit breaker in the operating position before connecting
load side leads. Close and trip circuit breaker from all local and remote
control devices. Verify proper operation of all auxiliary devices.
14.
Low-Voltage MCCs and Switchracks
14.1
Equipment and Installation Check Items
14.1.1 Check MCC or switchrack installation for alignment, levelness, and
tightness of all bolting.
14.1.2 Check all equipment for removal of blocking, supports, temporary ties, and
temporary jumper wires.
14.1.3 Check door alignment of individual MCC units and door interlock operation.
14.1.4 Check all components for proper identification according to the drawings
and specifications.
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PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
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March 2001
14.1.5 Check starter main and auxiliary contact condition and alignment.
14.1.6 Check starter and circuit breaker components for cleanliness, including all
seating surfaces of unplated and laminated magnet faces. Remove any rust or
rust preventative.
14.1.7 Check size, type, and rating of control power fuses.
14.1.8 Check size and rating of control power transformer.
14.1.9 Check voltage rating of starter coil.
14.1.10 Check mechanical function of all starter and circuit breaker movable parts.
14.1.11 Check all equipment items for conformance to area classification.
14.1.12 Check equipment installations for location of seals, breathers, and drains.
14.1.13 Check for proper equipment labeling.
14.2
Equipment and Installation Inspection Items
14.2.1 Inspect bus bar splice connections for tightness by verifying that the torque
meets manufacturer’s specifications. Verify that connection hardware is
consistent with the project specifications.
14.2.2 Inspect bus bar supports for cleanliness and tightness.
14.2.3 Inspect line connections to bus bar for tightness.
14.2.4 Inspect ground connections to ground bus and/or structure.
14.2.5 For circuit breakers, inspect size, rating, and instantaneous setting. For
power fuses, inspect size, type, and rating.
14.2.6 Inspect starter size, overload heater size, and overload relay setting.
14.2.7 Inspect operation of external overload reset device.
14.3
Testing Requirements
14.3.1 Test insulation resistance of MCC or switchrack bus with a 1-minute test
(phase to phase and phase to ground) with all disconnects in open position.
14.3.2 Test insulation resistance of MCC or switchrack bus with a 1-minute test
(phase to phase and phase to ground) with all circuit breakers in closed
position. If resistance value is less than 100 megohms, remove the CPT fuses
and re-test.
14.3.3 Test operation of all space heaters including switching devices.
14.4
Function Test Items
14.4.1 Function-test control circuit with motor leads disconnected. Close and trip
starter from all control devices, and verify operation of auxiliary devices.
14.4.2 Verify operation of capacitor discharge resistor system on power factor
capacitors using a properly sized voltmeter.
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PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
15.
March 2001
Panelboards and Lighting Systems
15.1
Equipment and Installation Check Items
15.1.1 Check panelboard nameplate voltage and current ratings.
15.1.2 Check each panelboard for a complete and accurate circuit directory.
15.1.3 Check panelboard circuit breaker ratings sizes.
15.1.4 Check size, type, and rating of all power and control power fuses.
15.1.5 Check size and rating of control power transformer.
15.1.6 Check voltage rating of contactor coil.
15.1.7 Check contactor main and auxiliary contact condition and alignment.
15.1.8 Check contactor and circuit breaker components for cleanliness, including
all seating surfaces of unplated and laminated magnet faces. Remove any
rust or rust preventative.
15.1.9 Check mechanical function of all contactor, disconnect switch, and circuit
breaker movable parts.
15.1.10 Check lighting fixture nameplate voltage, wattage, temperature rating, and
type.
15.1.11 Check lamp for proper size and type.
15.1.12 Check all components for proper identification according to the drawings
and specifications.
15.1.13 Check all equipment items for conformance to area classification and
environment.
15.1.14 Check for proper equipment labeling.
15.2
Equipment and Installation Inspection Items
15.2.1 Inspect grounding connection to transformer secondary neutral, panelboard
neutral bus, and equipment cases.
15.3
Testing Requirements
15.3.1 Test insulation resistance of panelboards (each phase shall be tested to
ground with all circuit breakers closed) before connecting any wiring.
15.3.2 After making connections, test insulation resistance of the transformer
secondary plus panelboard to ground with all circuit breakers closed.
15.4
Functional Test Items
15.4.1 Verify voltage for desired level according to normal operating load
condition.
15.4.2 Verify load balance of panelboard.
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PIP ELTFT01
Field Inspection and Testing of
New Electrical Equipment
March 2001
15.4.3 Verify proper operation of contactors and control circuits.
15.4.4 Verify proper operation of all lighting fixtures and lamps.
15.4.5 Verify polarity, grounding, and voltage of receptacles, and test operation of
ground fault current interrupters (GFCIs).
Process Industry Practices
Page 23 of 23
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