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Siemens E-110-I User`s manual
CL-110/CL-110-I ADSL2+ Router
User’s Manual
Rev: 1.4
2006/02/09
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form by any means without the prior written permission. Other
trademarks or brand names mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
This manual currently suits for CL-110/CL-110-I.
Safety Notes
For Installation
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For Using
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For Service
Use only the type of power source indicated on the marking labels.
Use only power adapter supplied with the product.
Do not overload wall outlet or extension cords as this may increase the risk of
electric shock or fire. If the power cord is frayed, replace it with a new one.
Proper ventilation is necessary to prevent the product overheating. Do not block or
cover the slots and openings on the device, which are intended for ventilation and
proper operation. It is recommended to mount the product with a stack.
Do not place the product near any source of heat or expose it to direct sunlight.
Do not expose the product to moisture. Never spill any liquid on the product.
Do not attempt to connect with any computer accessory or electronic product
without instructions from qualified service personnel. This may result in risk of
electronic shock or fire.
Do not place this product on unstable stand or table.
Power off and unplug this product from the wall outlet when it is not in use or
before cleaning. Pay attention to the temperature of the power adapter. The
temperature might be high.
After powering off the product, power on the product at least 15 seconds later.
Do not block the ventilating openings of this product.
When the product is expected to be not in use for a period of time, unplug the
power cord of the product to prevent it from the damage of storm or sudden
increases in rating.
Do not attempt to disassemble or open covers of this unit by yourself. Nor should you
attempt to service the product yourself, which may void the user’s authority to operate it.
Contact qualified service personnel under the following conditions:
…
If the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed.
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If liquid has been spilled into the product.
If the product has been exposed to rain or water.
If the product does not operate normally when the operating instructions are
followed.
If the product has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged.
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Warning
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Caution
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If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the authority to operate equipment.
ADSL Router User Manual
FCC
FCC Class B Notice
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment can generate, use
and radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
z
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
z
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
z
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
z
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for help.
IC Statement
To prevent radio interference to the licensed service, this device is intended to be operated indoors
and away from windows to provide maximum shielding. Equipment (or its transmit antenna) that is
installed outdoors is subject to licensing
ICES-003 Class B Notice - Avis NMB-003, Classe B
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
Preface
Thank you for choosing the Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL2+) Router. With the
asymmetric technology, this device runs over standard copper phone lines. In addition, ADSL2+
allows you to have both voice and data services in use simultaneously all over one phone line.
CL-110/CL-110-I ADSL2+ Router is a DSL broadband access device which allows ADSL2+
connectivity capabilities for home or office users. It supports ADSL2/ADSL2+ and is backward
compatible to ADSL, even offers auto-negotiation capability for different flavors (G.dmt, G.lite, or
T1.413 Issue 2) according to central office DSLAM’s settings (Digital Subscriber Line Access
Multiplexer). Also the feature-rich routing functions are seamlessly integrated to ADSL2+ service
for existing corporate or home users. Now users can enjoy various bandwidth-consuming
applications via CL-110/CL-110-I ADSL2+ Router.
Features
ADSL Compliance
³ ANSI T1.413 Issue 2
³
ITU G.992.1 Annex A (G.dmt)
³
ITU G.992.2 Annex A (G.lite)
³
ITU G.994.1 (G.hs)
³
Support dying gasp
³
Maximum Rate: 8 Mbps for downstream and 1 Mbps for upstream
ADSL2 Compliance
³ ITU G.992.3 Annex A (G.dmt)
³
ITU G.992.4 Annex A (G.lite)
³
Maximum Rate: 12 Mbps for downstream and 1 Mbps for upstream
ADSL2+ Compliance
³ ITU G.992.5 Annex A (G.dmt)
³
Maximum Rate: 24 Mbps for downstream and 1.2 Mbps for upstream
ATM Features
³ Compliant to ATM Forum UNI 3.1 / 4.0 Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVCs)
³
Support up to 16 PVCs for UBR, CBR, VBR-nrt, VBR-rt with traffic shaping
ADSL Router User Manual
³
RFC2684 LLC Encapsulation and VC Multiplexing over AAL5
³
RFC2364 Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) over AAL5
³
RFC2225 Classical IP and ARP over ATM
³
RFC2516 PPP over Ethernet: support Relay (Transparent Forwarding and Client functions)
³
Support PPPoA or PPPoE Bridged mode (the IP address got from ISP can be passed to the
user’s PC and behave as the IP address of the user’s PC.)
³
OAM F4/F5 End-to-End/Segment Loopback Cells
Bridging Features
³ Supports self-learning bridge specified in IEEE 802.1D Transparent Bridging
³
Supports up to 4096 learning MAC addresses
³
Transparent Bridging among 10/100 Mb Ethernet
³
Support Virtual LAN function specified in IEEE 802.1q
Routing Features
³ Compliance to IPv4 which include RFC791, RFC792, RFC826, RFC768, and RFC793
³
NAT (Network Address Translation) / PAT (Port Address Translation) let multiple users (up to
128) on the LAN to access the Internet for the cost of only one IP address.
³
ALGs (Application Level Gateways): such as NetMeeting, MSN Messenger, FTP, Quick Time,
mIRC, Real Player, CuSeeMe, VPN pass-through with multiple sessions, etc.
³
Port Forwarding: the users can setup multiple virtual servers (e.g., Web, FTP, Mail servers) on
user’s local network.
³
Support DMZ
³
UPnP IGD (Internet Gateway Device) with NAT traversal capability
³
Static routes, RFC1058 RIPv1, and RFC1723 RIPv2
³
DNS Relay, Dynamic DNS
³
DHCP Client/Relay/Server
³
Time protocol can be used to get current time from network time server
³
Support IGMP Proxy/Snoop
³
Support IP/Bridge QoS for prioritize the transmission of different traffic classes
³
Support port mapping function which allows you to assign all data traffic transmitted among
specific Internet connections and LAN ports
Security Features
³ PAP (RFC1334), CHAP (RFC1994), and MS-CHAP for PPP session
³
Firewall support IP packets filtering based on IP address/Port number/Protocol type
³
Bridge packet filtering (optional)
³
URL filtering (optional)
³
Support DoS (Deny of Services) which detect & protect a number of attacks (such as SYN/FIN/RST
Flood, Smurf, WinNuke, Echo Scan, Xmas Tree Scan, etc)
Configuration and Management
³ User-friendly embedded web configuration interface with password protection
³
Remote management access control via HTTP, TFTP, FTP, Telnet, SSH, SNMP
³
Telnet session for local or remote management
³
Firmware upgrades through HTTP, TFTP, or FTP
³
The boot loader contains very simple web page to allow the users to update the run-time
firmware image.
³
Configuration file backup and restore
³
SNMPv1/v2 agent with MIB-II, ADSL Line MIB
Unpacking
Check the contents of the package against the pack contents checklist below. If any of the items is
missing, then contact the dealer from whom the equipment was purchased.
³
ADSL Router
³
Power Adapter and Cord
³
RJ-11 ADSL Line Cable
³
RJ-45 Ethernet Cable
³
Quick Start Guide
³
Driver & Utility Software CD
ADSL Router User Manual
Subscription for ADSL Service
To use the ADSL Router, you have to subscribe for ADSL service from your broadband service
provider. According to the service type you subscribe, you will get various IP addresses:
Dynamic IP: If you apply for dial-up connection, you will be given an Internet account with
username and password. You will get a dynamic IP by dialing up to your ISP.
Static IP address: If you apply for full-time connectivity, you may get either one static IP address
or a range of IP addresses from your ISP. The number of IP addresses varies according to different
ADSL service provider.
Chapter 1: Overview
Chapter 1: Overview
This chapter provides you the description for the LED and connector for front and rear view of the
router. Before you use/install this router, please take a look at this information first.
Physical Outlook
Front Panel
The following illustrations show the front panel of the ADSL Router (with USB interface and
without USB interface):
LED Indicators
The ADSL Router is equipped with five LEDs on the front panel as described in the table below
(from left to right):
LED
Color
Status
Description
USB
Green
Unlit
Power off or wait for USB connection going up.
Ethernet
PPP
DSL
Power
Green
Green
Green
Green
Blinking
User data is going through USB port.
Solid
USB connection is OK.
Unlit
Power off or no Ethernet carrier is present.
Blinking
Ethernet carrier is present and user data is going
through Ethernet port.
Solid
Ethernet carrier is present.
Unlit
No PPPoA or PPPoE connection
Solid
At least one PPPoA or PPPoE connection is up. The
users can access the Internet now.
Unlit
Power off or ADSL line connection is handshaking or
training is in progress.
Blinking
User data is going through ADSL port.
Solid
ADSL line connection is OK.
Unlit
Power off.
Solid
Power on.
Rear Panel
The following figures illustrate the rear panel of your ADSL Router.
9 VAC
Connector
Description
9VAC
9 VAC Power connector
Power switch
Ethernet
Ethernet RJ-45 connector
USB
USB connector (for the model with USB interface only)
DSL
RJ-11 connector
Chapter 2:System Requirement and Installation
Chapter 2: System Requirement and
Installation
System Requirement
To access the ADSL Router via Ethernet, the host computer must meet the following requirements:
™
™
™
™
With Ethernet network interface.
Must have TCP/IP installed.
Set client PC with obtain an IP address automatically or set fix IP address.
With a web browser installed: Internet Explorer 5.x or later.
The ADSL Router is configured with the default IP address of 192.168.1.1 and subnet
mask of 255.255.255.0. As the DHCP server is Enable by default, The DHCP clients should
be able to access the ADSL Router. Or you could assign an IP address to the host PC first for initial
configuration.
You also can manage the ADSL Router through a web browser-based manager: ADSL ROUTER
CONTROL PANEL. The ADSL Router manager uses the HTTP protocol via a web browser to
allow you to set up and manage the device.
To configure the device via web browser, at least one properly-configured PC must be
connected to the network (either connected directly or through an external hub/switch
to the LAN port of the device).
Choosing a place for the ADSL Router
n
o
p
Place the ADSL Router close to ADSL wall outlet and power outlet for the cable to reach it
easily.
Avoid placing the device in places where people may walk on the cables. Also keep it away
from direct sunlight or heat sources.
Place the device on a flat and stable stand.
Connecting the ADSL Router
Follow the steps below to connect the related devices.
n
o
p
q
r
Connecting the ADSL line. Connect the
DSL port of the device to your ADSL
wall outlet with RJ-11 cable.
Please attach one end of the Ethernet
cable with RJ-45 connector to the LAN
port of your ADSL Router.
Connect the other end of the cable to the
Ethernet port of the client PC.
Connect the supplied power adapter to
the PWR port of your ADSL Router,
and plug the other end to a power outlet.
Turn on the power switch.
Chapter 3: Configuration
For connecting through a hub, please refer to the following diagram for an example.
9 VAC
Install the USB Driver
For Windows ME
n
Run the USB installation program from the CD provided by your device package.
o
An InstallShield Wizard will appear. Please wait for a moment.
p
q
r
When the welcome screen appears, click Next for next step.
When the InstallShield Wizard Complete appears, click Finish.
Plug the USB cable between your device and PC.
Note: If the USB device is not detected, check the USB cable
between the PC and the device. Also verify that the device is
power on.
s
t
The system will detect the USB driver automatically. Now, the system will copy the proper
files for this device.
When the file copying finished, the dialog above will close. Now the USB driver is installed
properly. You can use the device.
For Windows 2000
n
Run the USB installation program from the CD provided by your device package.
o
An InstallShield Wizard will appear. Please wait for a moment.
p
When the welcome screen appears, click Next for next step.
q
When the InstallShield Wizard Complete appears, click Finish.
r
Plug the USB cable between your device and PC.
Chapter 3: Configuration
Note: If the USB device is not detected, check the USB cable
between the PC and the device. Also verify that the device is
power on.
s
t
The system will detect the USB driver automatically. Now, the system will copy the proper
files for this device.
When the file copying finished, the dialog above will close. The InstallShield Wizard
Complete appears, click Finish. Now the USB driver is installed properly. You can use the
device.
For Windows XP
n
o
Run the USB installation program from the CD provided by your device package.
An InstallShield Wizard will appear. Please wait for a moment.
p
When the welcome screen appears, click Next for next step.
q
When the InstallShield Wizard Complete appears, click Finish.
r
Plug the USB cable between your device and PC.
Note: If the USB device is not detected, check the USB cable
between the PC and the device. Also verify that the device is
power on.
s
The system will detect the USB driver automatically.
Chapter 3: Configuration
t
The system is trying to find proper driver for your device and copying the files
automatically.
u
After the file copying is finished, a completing message will appear.
v
You can use the device now.
Uninstall the USB Driver
For Windows ME
For uninstall the USB driver, please do the following.
The first way:
n
o
p
q
r
Choose Programs – Siemens Broadband – Uninstall Siemens ADSL Router USB
Driver from the Start menu.
The InstallShield Wizard dialog will appear.
A dialog appears to ask you confirm if you want to remove the USB driver or not. Please
click Ok.
Unplug the USB cable between your device and your PC.
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is removed successfully.
Click Finish.
The second way:
n
o
p
q
r
Choose Settings –Control Panel from the Start menu. Choose Add/Remove Programs.
A dialog appears to ask you choose the program that you want to remove. Please select
Siemens ADSL Router USB Driver and click Change/Remove.
The InstallShield Wizard dialog will appear.
Unplug the USB cable between your device and your PC. Then click OK.
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is removed successfully.
Click Finish
For Windows 2000
For uninstall the USB driver, there are two ways to do it. Please do as the following:
The first way:
n
o
p
q
Choose Programs – Siemens Broadband – Uninstall Siemens ADSL Router USB
Driver from the Start menu.
The InstallShield Wizard dialog will appear.
A dialog appears to ask you confirm if you want to remove the USB driver or not. Please
click Ok.
Unplug the USB cable between your device and your PC.
Chapter 3: Configuration
r
s
When the Unsafe Removal of Device screen appears, the USB driver is removed
successfully. Click OK.
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is removed successfully.
Click Finish.
The second way:
n
o
Choose Settings –Control Panel from the Start menu. Choose Add/Remove Programs.
A dialog appears to ask you choose the program that you want to remove. Please select
Siemens ADSL Router USB Driver and click Change/Remove.
Chapter 3: Configuration
p
q
The InstallShield Wizard dialog will appear.
A dialog appears to ask you confirm if you want to remove the USB driver or not. Please
click Ok.
Unplug the USB cable between your device and your PC. Then click OK.
r
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is removed successfully.
Click Finish.
For Windows XP
For uninstall the USB driver, there are two ways to do it. Please do as the following:
The first way:
n
Choose Programs – Siemens Broadband – Uninstall Siemens ADSL Router USB
Driver from the Start menu.
Chapter 3: Configuration
o
p
q
r
s
The InstallShield Wizard dialog will appear.
A dialog appears to ask you confirm if you want to remove the USB driver or not. Please
click Ok.
Unplug the USB cable between your device and your PC.
When the Unsafe Removal of Device screen appears, the USB driver is removed
successfully. Click OK.
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is removed successfully.
Click Finish.
The second way:
n
o
Choose Settings –Control Panel from the Start menu. Choose Add/Remove Programs.
A dialog appears to ask you choose the program that you want to remove. Please select
Siemens ADSL Router USB Driver and click Change/Remove.
Chapter 3: Configuration
p
The InstallShield Wizard dialog will appear.
q
Unplug the USB cable between your device and your PC. Then click OK.
r
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is removed successfully.
Click Finish.
Setting TCP/IP
In order to access the Internet through the router, each host on your network must
install/setup TCP/IP. Please follow the steps below for select a network adapter.
For Windows 98
1.
Click on the Start menu, point
to Settings and click on
Control Panel.
2.
Double-click the Network icon
3.
The Network window appears. On the
Configuration tab, check out the list of
installed network components.
Option 1: If you have no TCP/IP
protocol, click Add.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP protocol,
go to Step 6
Your network
interface card.
Check out if TCP/IP
for your NIC is
installed or not.
4.
Highlight Protocol and click Add.
Chapter 3: Configuration
5.
On the left side of the windows,
highlight Microsoft and then select
TCP/IP on the right side. Then click OK
6.
When returning to Network window,
highlight TCP/IP protocol for your NIC
and click Properties.
7.
On IP Address tab:
Enable Specify an IP address option.
Enter the IP Address: 192.168.1.x (x is
between 2 and 254) and Subnet Mask:
255.255.255.0 as in figure below. On
Gateway tab: Add a gateway IP address:
192.168.1.1 and click OK
8.
When returning to Network window,
click OK
9.
Wait for Windows copying files.
10.
When prompted with System Settings
Change dialog box, click Yes to restart
your computer.
Chapter 3: Configuration
For Windows ME
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Click on the Start menu, point to
Settings and click on Control Panel.
Double-click the Network icon.
The Network window appears. On the
Configuration tab, check out the list of
installed network components.
Option 1: If you have no TCP/IP
protocol, click Add.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP protocol,
go to Step 6.
Highlight Protocol and click Add.
On the left side of the windows,
highlight Microsoft and then select
TCP/IP on the right side. Then click
OK.
While returning to Network window,
highlight TCP/IP protocol for your NIC
and click Properties.
7.
On the IP Address tab, select Specify
an IP address. Enter the IP address:
192.168.1.x (x is between 2 and 254),
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0 and
Default gateway: 192.168.1.1. Then
click OK.
8.
While returning to the Network
window, click OK.
9.
Wait for Windows copying files.
10. When prompted with the System
Settings Change dialog box, click Yes
to restart your computer.
For Windows NT
1.
Click Start, point to Settings, and then
click Control Panel.
2.
Double-click the Network icon.
3.
The Network window appears. On the
Protocols tab, check out the list of
installed network components.
Option 1: If you have no TCP/IP
Protocol, click Add.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP Protocol
installed, go to Step 7.
4.
Highlight TCP/IP Protocol and click
OK.
Chapter 3: Configuration
5.
Click Yes to use DHCP.
6.
Insert the Windows NT CD into your
CD-ROM drive and type the location of
the CD. Then click Continue.
7.
Returning to the Network window, you
will find the TCP/IP Protocol among
the list. Select TCP/IP Protocol and
click Properties.
8.
Enable Specify an IP address option.
Enter the IP Address: 192.168.1.x (x
is between 2 and 254) and Subnet
Mask: 255.255.255.0 and Default
Gateway: 192.168.1.1 as in figure
below.
9.
When returning to Network window,
click Close.
10.
When prompted with Network
Settings Change dialog box, click Yes
to restart your computer.
Chapter 3: Configuration
For Windows 2000
1.
From the Start menu, point to Settings
and then click Network and Dial-up
Connections.
2.
Right-click the Local Area
Connection icon and then click
Properties.
3.
On the General tab, check out the list
of installed network components.
Option 1: If you have no TCP/IP
Protocol, click Install.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP
Protocol, go to Step 6.
4.
Highlight Protocol and then click
Add.
5.
Click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and
then click OK.
6.
When returning to Local Area
Connection Properties window,
highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
and then click Properties.
7.
Under the General tab, enable Use the
following IP Address. Enter the IP
address: 192.168.1.x (x is between 2
and 254), Subnet Mask:
255.255.255.0 and Default gateway:
192.168.1.1. Then click OK.
Chapter 3: Configuration
For Windows XP
From the Start menu, point to Control
Panel and then click Network and
Internet Connections.
Click Network Connection and then click
Properties.
Click Network Connection and then click
Properties.3.On the General tab, check
out the list of installed network
components.
Option 1: If you have no TCP/IP
Protocol, click Install.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP Protocol,
go to Step 6.
Highlight Protocol and then click Add.
Click Internet Protocol(TCP/IP) and then
click OK.
On the Local Area Connection Properties
window, highlight Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP) and then click Properties.
Under the General tab, enable Use the
following IP address. Enter the IP
address: 192.168.1.x (x is between 2
and 254), Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
and Default gateway: 192.168.1.1. Then
click Ok.
Configure PC to get IP address from DHCP
If your ADSL Router operates as a DHCP server for the client PCs on the LAN, you should
configure the client PCs to obtain a dynamic IP address. Please follow the previous section to install
TCP/IP component. Only that you do not need to specify an IP address when configuring TCP/IP
properties.
The following section describe the procedures for CPEs to get IP address:
For Windows 98
On the IP Address tab, select Obtain an IP
address automatically. Then click OK.
For Windows ME
On the IP Address tab, select Obtain an IP
address automatically. Then click OK.
Chapter 3: Configuration
For Windows NT
On the IP Address tab, click on the
drop-down arrow of Adapter to select
required adapter. Enable Obtain an IP
address from a DHCP server and then click
OK..
When prompted with the message below,
click Yes to continue.
For Windows 2000
Enable Obtain an IP address automatically
and then click OK.
For Windows XP
On the IP Address tab, select Obtain an IP
address automatically. Then click OK.
Renew IP Address on Client PC
There is a chance that your PC does not renew its IP address after the ADSL Router is on line and
the PC cannot access the Internet. Please follow the procedures below to renew PC’s IP address.
For Windows 98ME
1.
Select Run from the Start menu.
2.
Type winipcfg in the dialog box and
the click OK.
Chapter 3: Configuration
3.
When the figure below appears, click
Release and then Renew to get an IP
address.
For Windows NT
1.
Select Run from the Start menu.
2.
Select Run from the Start menu.
3.
Type cmd in the dialog box and the click
OK.
4.
Type ipconfig at prompt. Then you
will see the IP information from DHCP
server.
If you want to get a new IP address, type
ipconfig /release to release the
previous IP address and then type
ipconfig /renew to get a new one.
5.
For Windows 2000
1.
2.
3.
From the Start menu, point to
Programs, Accessories and then click
Command Prompt.
Type ipconfig at prompt. Then you
will see the IP information from DHCP
server.
If you want to get a new IP address, type
ipconfig /release to release the
previous IP address and then type
ipconfig /renew to get a new one.
For Windows XP
1.
2.
3.
4.
Type ipconfig at prompt. Then you
will see the IP information from DHCP
server.
From the Start menu, point to
Programs, Accessories and then click
Command Prompt.
Type ipconfig at prompt. Then you
will see the IP information from DHCP
server.
If you want to get a new IP address, type
ipconfig /release to release the
previous IP address and then type
ipconfig /renew to get a new one.
Chapter 3: Configuration
Chapter 3:Connecting and Accessing Internet
Chapter 3: Connecting and Accessing
Internet
This chapter is to help you accessing into Internet with a quick and convenient
way. If you need more detailed information for web configuration, please get into
the next chapter for the advanced configuration.
Prior to configuring the ADSL Router, you must decide whether to configure the ADSL Router as a
bridge or as a router. This chapter presents some deployment examples for your reference. Each
mode includes its general configure procedures. For more detailed information about web
configuration, refer to "Web Configuration".
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
PPP over ATM (PPPoA)
PPPoA IP Extenstion
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)
PPPoE IP Extension
Numbered IP over ATM (IPoA)
Numbered IP over ATM (IPoA)+NAT
Unnumbered IP over ATM (IPoA)
Unnumbered IP over ATM (IPoA)+NAT
Bridging
For making sure that you can connect the ADSL to your computer well and get into Internet
successfully, please make sure the following first.
…
…
Make sure you have installed a network interface card into your computer.
Make sure the connection between the ADSL and your computer is OK.
…
Check to see the TCP/IP protocol and set the IP address as “Auto Get IP Address”.
When you are sure all above is Ok, you can open the Browser and type in “192.168.1.1” and start to
do the web configuration with different connection modes.
This chapter is going to introduce the function of each connection mode and tell you the basic
configuring steps that you have to do. If you did not follow the configuring steps for using these
connection modes, you might get some connection problems and cannot connect to Internet well.
Chapter 3:Accessing Internet
PPP over ATM (PPPoA) Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
Dynamic Public IP
assigned by BRAS
ISP
192.168.1.3
STM-1
Loop
(Internet Service Provider)
Ethernet
BRAS
AAA
DSLAM
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
ADSL
Router
Hub
192.168.1.2
PPP over ATM
PC(S)
PPPoA+NAT+DHCP
on Private LAN
Description:
In this deployment environment, the PPPoA session is between the ADSL WAN interface and BRAS.
The ADSL Router gets a public IP address from BRAS when connecting to DSLAM. The multiple
client PCs will get private IP address from the DHCP server enabled on private LAN. The enabled
NAT mechanism will translate the IP information for clients to access the Internet.
Configuration:
1.
Start up your browser and type 192.168.1.1 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based
manager.
2.
Go to Quick Start -Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection (PVC). Type in
the VCI and VPI value. Then click the Next button. eg:
VPI – 0
VCI – 38
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection -Connection Type page, select the PPP over ATM
(PPPoA) then click the Next button.
4.
In the WAN IP Settings page, select Obtain an IP address automatically and check Enable
NAT box. Click Next.
5.
In the PPP Username and Password page, enter the PPP username and password that you got
from your ISP. Select Dial on Demand and type in the number for inactivity timeout. The
default is 20. Or select Always on. Then click Next.
6.
In the Configure LAN side Settings page, type in the IP address and subnet mask for your
LAN. Check DHCP Server on box. And type in the start and end points. Then type in the
leased time that you want. And click Next. eg:
Primary IP address:192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask:255.255.255.0
Start IP Address:192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
7.
Check the network information. Make sure the settings match the settings provided by ISP.
Click Finish.
PPP over ATM (PPPoA) IP Extension Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
Dynamic Public IP
assigned by BRAS
ISP
Loop
STM-1
(Internet Service Provider)
Ethernet
BRAS
AAA
DSLAM
ADSL
Router
Hub
PC
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
PPP over ATM
PPPoA+NAT+DHCP
on Private LAN
Description:
In this deployment environment, the PPPoA session is between the ADSL WAN interface and BRAS.
The ADSL Router acts as a bridge and gets a public IP address from BRAS for your computer. And
only the one that got the public IP address is allowed to access into Internet. Moreover, no NAT
translation will be done at this case.
Configuration:
1.
Start up your browser and type 192.168.1.1 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based
manager.
2.
Go to Advanced - Internet - Connections. And click Add.
3.
Type in the VCI and VPI value. Then click the Next button. eg:
VPI – 0
VCI – 38
4.
On the Configure Internet Connection -Connection Type page, select the PPP over ATM
(PPPoA) then click the Next button.
5.
In the WAN IP Settings page, select Obtain an IP address automatically, uncheck Enable
NAT box and check PPP IP extension then click Next.
6.
In the PPP Username and Password page, enter the PPP username and password that you got
from your ISP. Select Dial on Demand and type in the number for inactivity timeout. The
default is 20. Or select Always on. Then click Next.
7.
In the Configure LAN side Settings page, type in the IP address and subnet mask for your
LAN. And click Next. eg:
Primary IP address:192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask:255.255.255.0
8.
Check the network information. Make sure the settings match the settings provided by ISP.
Click Finish.
Chapter 3:Accessing Internet
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
Dynamic Public IP
assigned by BRAS
ISP
192.168.1.3
STM-1
(Internet Service Provider)
Loop
Ethernet
BRAS
AAA
DSLAM
ADSL
Router
192.168.1.2
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
Hub
PC(S)
PPP over Ethernet
PPPoE+NAT+DHCP
on Private LAN
Description:
In this deployment environment, the PPPoE session is between the ADSL WAN interface and BRAS.
The ADSL Router gets a public IP address from BRAS when connecting to DSLAM. The multiple
client PCs will get private IP address from the DHCP server enabled on private LAN. The enabled
NAT mechanism will translate the IP information for clients to access the Internet.
Configuration:
1.
Start up your browser and type 192.168.1.1 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based
manager.
2.
Go to Quick Start -Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection (PVC). Type in
the VCI and VPI value. Then click the Next button. eg:
VPI – 0
VCI – 39
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection -Connection Type page, select the PPP over
Ethernet (PPPoE) then click the Next button.
4.
In the WAN IP Settings page, select Obtain an IP address automatically and check Enable
NAT box. Click Next.
5.
In the PPP Username and Password page, enter the PPP username and password that you got
from your ISP. Select Dial on Demand and type in the number for inactivity timeout. The
default is 20. Or select Always on. Then click Next.
6.
In the Configure LAN side Settings page, type in the IP address and subnet mask for your
LAN. Check DHCP Server on box. And type in the start and end points. Then type in the
leased time that you want. And click Next. eg:
Primary IP address:192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask:255.255.255.0
Start IP Address:192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
7.
Check the network information. Make sure the settings match the settings provided by ISP.
Click Finish.
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) IP Extension Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
Dynamic Public IP
assigned by BRAS
ISP
(Internet Service Provider)
Loop
STM-1
BRAS
DSLAM
AAA
Ethernet
ADSL
Router
Hub
PC(S)
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
PPP over Ethernet
PPPoE IP
Extension Mode
Description:
In this deployment environment, the PPPoE session is between the ADSL WAN interface and BRAS.
The ADSL Router acts as a bridge and gets a public IP address from BRAS for your computer. And
only the one that got the public IP address is allowed to access into Internet. The real IP that you got
is acquired from ISP. Moreover, no NAT translation will be done at this case.
Configuration:
1.
Start up your browser and type 192.168.1.1 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based
manager.
2.
Go to Advanced - Internet - Connections. And click Add.
3.
Type in the VCI and VPI value. Then click the Next button. eg:
VPI – 0
VCI – 39
4.
On the Configure Internet Connection -Connection Type page, select the PPP over
Ethernet (PPPoE) then click the Next button.
5.
In the WAN IP Settings page, select Obtain an IP address automatically, uncheck Enable
NAT box and check PPP IP extension then click Next.
6.
In the PPP Username and Password page, enter the PPP username and password that you got
from your ISP. Select Dial on Demand and type in the number for inactivity timeout. The
default is 20. Or select Always on. Then click Next.
7.
In the Configure LAN side Settings page, type in the IP address and subnet mask for your
LAN. And click Next. eg:
Primary IP address:192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask:255.255.255.0
8.
Check the network information. Make sure the settings match the settings provided by ISP.
Click Finish.
Chapter 3:Accessing Internet
Numbered IP over ATM (IPoA)
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
ISP
(Internet Service Provider)
STM-1
Loop
S/W
10.3.70.1
BRAS
AAA
DSLAM
ADSL
Router
Hub
10.3.75.50
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
10.3.75.51
10.3.75.49
PC(S)
IP over ATM
Public IP Pre-assigned
by ISP
Description:
If you apply for multiple IP addresses from your ISP, you can assign these public IP addresses to the
ADSL Router and public server, e.g., Web or FTP server. Typically the first IP is network address,
the second is used as router IP address and the last one is subnet broadcasting. Other remaining IP
addresses can be assigned to PCs on the LAN.
The following example uses the LAN IP address ranging from 10.3.75.49 to 10.3.75.54 and the
subnet mask for LAN is 255.255.255.248. The WAN address is 10.3.70.1, and the subnet mask for
WAN is 255.255.255.252.
Configuration:
1.
Start up your browser and type 192.168.1.1 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based
manager.
2.
Go to Quick Start -Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection (PVC). Type in
the VCI and VPI value. Then click the Next button.
VPI – 0
VCI – 32
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection -Connection Type page, select the IP over ATM
(IPoA) then click the Next button.
4.
In the WAN IP Settings page, select Use the following IP address and type in the IP address,
subnet mask and gateway that you got from ISP. Then, select Use the following DNS Server
Address. Type in the Primary DNS server and Secondary DNS server. Uncheck Enable NAT.
Click Next for next page.
WAN IP Address: 10.3.70.1
WAN Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.252
Primary DNS server: 168.95.1.1
Secondary DNS server: 168.95.192.1
5.
In the Configure LAN side Settings page, type in the IP address and subnet mask for your
LAN.
Primary IP Address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
6.
Check Configure the second IP Address and Subnet Mask for LAN Interface and type in
the second IP address and subnet mask. Then click Next.
Secondary IP Address: 10.3.75.49
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.248
7.
Check the network information. Make sure the settings match the settings provided by ISP.
Click Finish.
8.
Set TCP/IP for your computer. Specify an IP Address, subnet mask and set default gateway. eg:
IP Address: 10.3.75.51
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248
Gateway: 10.3.75.49
9.
Now the router is well configured. You can access into Internet.
Chapter 3:Accessing Internet
Numbered IP over ATM (IPoA)+NAT
Description:
In this deployment environment, we make up a private IP network of 192.168.1.1. NAT function is
enabled (on ADSL Router or use another NAT box connected to hub) to support multiple clients to
access the Router and some public servers (WWW, FTP).
If you apply for multiple IP addresses from your ISP, you can assign these public IP addresses to the
ADSL Router and public server, e.g., Web or FTP server. Typically the first IP is network address,
the second is used as router IP address and the last one is subnet broadcasting. Other remaining IP
addresses can be assigned to PCs on the LAN.
The following example uses the LAN IP address ranging from 10.3.75.49 to 10.3.75.54 and the
subnet mask for LAN is 255.255.255.248. The WAN address is 10.3.70.1, and the subnet mask for
WAN is 255.255.255.252.
Configuration:
1.
Start up your browser and type 192.168.1.1 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based
manager.
2.
Go to Quick Start -Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection (PVC). Type in
the VCI and VPI value. Then click the Next button.
VPI – 0
VCI – 32
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection -Connection Type page, select the IP over ATM
(IPoA) then click the Next button.
4.
In the WAN IP Settings page, select Use the following IP address and type in the IP address,
subnet mask and gateway that you got from ISP. Then, select Use the following DNS Server
Address. Type in the Primary DNS server and Secondary DNS server.
WAN IP Address: 10.3.70.1
WAN Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.252
Primary DNS server: 168.95.1.1
Secondary DNS server: 168.95.192.1
5.
Check the Enable NAT box. And click Next.
6.
In the Configure LAN side Settings page, type in the IP address and subnet mask for your
LAN.
Primary IP Address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
7.
Check Configure the second IP Address and Subnet Mask for LAN Interface and type in
the second IP address and subnet mask. Then click Next.
Secondary IP Address: 10.3.75.49
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.248
8.
Check the network information. Make sure the settings match the settings provided by ISP.
Click Finish.
9.
Now the router is well configured. You can access into Internet.
Chapter 3:Accessing Internet
Unnumbered IP over ATM (IPoA)
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
ISP
(Internet Service Provider)
STM-1
Loop
10.3.75.51
10.3.75.49
S/W
BRAS
AAA
DSLAM
ADSL
Router
10.3.75.50
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
Hub
PC(S)
IP over ATM
Public IP Pre-assigned
by ISP
Description:
If you apply for multiple IP addresses from your ISP, you can assign these public IP addresses to the
ADSL Router and public server, e.g., Web or FTP server. Typically the first IP is network address,
the second is used as router IP address and the last one is subnet broadcasting. Other remaining IP
addresses can be assigned to PCs on the LAN.
The following example uses the LAN IP address ranging from 10.3.75.49 to 10.3.75.54 and the
subnet mask for LAN is 255.255.255.248. The WAN address is 10.3.70.1, and the subnet mask for
WAN is 255.255.255.252.
In such circumstance, we do not assign any WAN IP.
Configuration:
1.
Start up your browser and type 192.168.1.1 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based
manager.
2.
Go to Quick Start -Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection (PVC).Type in
the VCI and VPI value. Then click the Next button.
VPI – 0
VCI – 32
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection -Connection Type page, select the IP over ATM
(IPoA) then click the Next button.
4.
In the WAN IP Settings page, select None for WAN IP address settings. Then, select Use the
following DNS Server Address. Type in the Primary DNS server and Secondary DNS server.
Uncheck Enable NAT. Then Click Next for next page.
Primary DNS server: 168.95.1.1
Secondary DNS server: 168.95.192.1
5.
In the Configure LAN side Settings page, type in the IP address and subnet mask for your
LAN.
Primary IP Address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
6.
Check Configure the second IP Address and Subnet Mask for LAN Interface and type in
the second IP address and subnet mask. Then click Next.
Secondary IP Address: 10.3.75.49
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.248
7.
Check the network information. Make sure the settings match the settings provided by ISP.
Click Finish.
8.
Set TCP/IP for your computer. Specify an IP Address, subnet mask and set default gateway. eg:
IP Address: 10.3.75.51
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248
Gateway: 10.3.75.49
9.
Now the router is well configured. You can access into Internet.
Chapter 3:Accessing Internet
Unnumbered IP over ATM (IPoA)+NAT
Description:
If you apply for multiple IP addresses from your ISP, you can assign these public IP addresses to the
ADSL Router and public server, e.g., Web or FTP server. Typically the first IP is network address,
the second is used as router IP address and the last one is subnet broadcasting. Other remaining IP
addresses can be assigned to PCs on the LAN.
The following example uses the LAN IP address ranging from 10.3.75.49 to 10.3.75.54 and the
subnet mask for LAN is 255.255.255.248. The WAN address is 10.3.70.1, and the subnet mask for
WAN is 255.255.255.252.
In such circumstance, we enable NAT function but not assign any WAN IP.
Configuration:
1.
Start up your browser and type 192.168.1.1 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based
manager.
2.
Go to Quick Start -Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection (PVC). Type in
the VCI and VPI value. Then click the Next button.
VPI – 0
VCI – 32
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection -Connection Type page, select the IP over ATM
(IPoA) then click the Next button.
4.
In the WAN IP Settings page, select None for WAN IP address settings. Then, select Use the
following DNS Server Address. Type in the Primary DNS server and Secondary DNS server.
Click Next for next page.
Primary DNS server: 168.95.1.1
Secondary DNS server: 168.95.192.1
5.
Check the Enable NAT box. And click Next.
6.
In the Configure LAN side Settings page, type in the IP address and subnet mask for your
LAN.
Primary IP Address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
7.
Check Configure the second IP Address and Subnet Mask for LAN Interface and type in
the second IP address and subnet mask. Then click Next.
Secondary IP Address: 10.3.75.49
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.248
8.
Check the network information. Make sure the settings match the settings provided by ISP.
Click Finish.
9.
Now the router is well configured. You can access into Internet.
Chapter 3:Accessing Internet
Bridge Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
ISP
Loop
STM-1
(Internet Service Provider)
BRAS
AAA
DSLAM
PPPoE
Client S/W
ADSL
Router
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
Hub
PC(S)
PPP over Ethernet
Bridge Mode
Description:
In this example, the ADSL Router acts as a bridge which bridging PC IP address from LAN to WAN.
PC IP address can be a static public address that is pre-assigned by ISP or a dynamic public address
that is assigned by ISP DHCP server, or can be got from PPPoE software.
Therefore, it does not require a public IP address. It only has a default private IP address
(192.168.1.1) for management purpose.
Configuration:
1.
Choose a client PC and set the IP as 192.168.1.x (x is between 2 and 254) and the gateway as
192.168.1.1.
2.
Start up your browser and type 192.168.1.1 as the address to enter the web-based manager.
3.
Go to Quick Start -Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection (PVC). Type in
the VCI and VPI value. Then click the Next button. eg:
VPI – 0
VCI – 32
4.
On the Configure Internet Connection -Connection Type page, select the Bridging then
click the Next button.
5.
In the Configure LAN side Settings page, type in the IP address and subnet mask for your
LAN. Finally click Next. eg:
Primary IP address:192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask:255.255.255.0
6.
Check the network information. Make sure the settings match the settings provided by ISP.
Click Finish.
7.
Set TCP/IP for your computer. Specify an IP Address, subnet mask and set default gateway. eg:
IP Address: 10.3.86.81
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248
Gateway: 10.3.86.1
8.
Click OK. Now the router is well configured. You can access into Internet.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
Chapter 4: Web Configuration
Some users might want to set specific configuration for the router such as firewall,
data transmission rate… and so on. This chapter will provide you advanced
information of the web pages for the router for your reference.
Using Web-Based Manager
Once your host PC is properly configured, please proceed as follows:
1.
Start your web browser and type the private IP address
of the ADSL Router in the URL field: 192.168.1.1.
2.
After connecting to the device, you will be prompted
to enter username and password. By default, the
username is admin and the password is admin. See
the example for running under Windows XP.
If you login successfully, the main page will appear.
From now on the ADSL Router acts as a web server
sending HTML pages/forms on your request. You can
fill in these pages/forms and apply them to the ADSL
Router.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
Outline of Web Manager
For configure the web page, please use admin as the username and the password. The main screen
will be shown as below.
Title:
It indicates the title of this management interface.
Main Menu:
Includes Quick Start, Status, Advanced and Management.
Main
Window:
It is the current workspace of the web management, containing configuration or status
information.
To Have the New Settings Take Effect
After select or adjust the settings to your desire, your customizations will be saved to the flash
memory before you restart the router. And only after restarting the router, your customizations take
effect.
Language
On the top to the right of this web page, it provides a language drop down menu for you to choose
proper language to help you to set.
Quick Start
The pages for the Quick Start provide user a quick way to set for the router. If you do not know more
about the router, you can use the Quick Start pages to adjust basic settings to make your router
activating.
Connect to Internet
This is a quick way to connect to Internet by
using PPPoE interface, click Connect to
Internet to open the web page.
Enter the user name and password for your
ADSL router and click Connect.
The system will connect automatically, then
you can access Internet.
Quick Setup
The quick setup wizard will guide you to
configure the DSL router through some
steps.
Auto Scan Internet Connection (PVC):
The default setting is checked. If there is no
any PVC configured in your ADSL router,
you can check this item. Otherwise, please
uncheck this box.
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier): Identifies the
virtual path between endpoints in an ATM
network. The valid range is from 0 to 255.
To enter the setting, please refer to the
setting that the ISP gave you.
VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier):
Identifies the virtual channel endpoints in an
ATM network. The valid range is from 32 to
65535 (1 to 31 is reserved for well-known
protocols). To enter the setting, please refer
to the setting that the ISP gave you.
After finished entering the VPI/VCI value,
please click Next for next step.
Connection Type
The system provides several protocols for you to choose. Your ISP will offer you the most suitable
settings of the protocol. Before you set this page, please refer to the protocol that your ISP gave you.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
After clicking on the Next button from the
VPI/VCI web page, the following screen will
appear. Please choose the connection type
and encapsulation mode that you want to use
and click Next for next page.
For example, PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) in
this screen is selected. Next, we are going to
tell you different webpage for different
protocol that you choose in this page.
PPP over ATM/ PPP over Ethernet
If the type you choose is PPP over ATM or PPP over Ethernet, please refer to the following
information.
According to the ISP’s configuration on the
server, you can choose PPPoE and PPPoA
modes. If the ISP provides PPPoE service,
the connection type selection will be decided
as whether the LAN side device is running a
PPPoE client or the router is to run the
PPPoE client. This router supports both
situations simultaneously.
Choose PPPoA or PPPoE and click Next.
In this screen, you have to choose the
settings for WAN IP. To get the IP address
automatically, click the Obtain an IP
address automatically radio button. Or
click Use the following IP address button
and enter the IP address for WAN interface.
Click Enable NAT if you want. As for the
detailed NAT settings, it will be described in
later sections.
Click Enable QoS for your necessity.
It can improve the performance for selected
classes of applications. Before you check
this item, please assign the priorities for
various applications from the Quality of
Service menu of Advanced web page. Be
aware that IP QoS also consumes system
resources, the number of created PVCs will
be reduced consequently.
The MTU means the maximum size of the
packet that transmitted in the network. The
packet of the data greater than the number
set here will be divided into several packets
for transmitting. Type in the number into the
field of MTU. The default setting is 1492.
Click Next for next screen.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
PPP Username:
Type in the username that you got from your
ISP.
PPP Password:
Type in the password that you got from your
ISP.
Always On:
Check this button to make the connection is
always active.
Dial on Demand:
Click this button to make a connection while
in demand. Enter the timeout to cut off the
network connection if there is no activity for
this router.
Please type the username and password that you got
from your ISP. Then click Next.
Manually Connect:
Click this button to make a connection by
pressing the Connect button on the
Advanced Setup- Internet-Connections web
page.
In the Configure LAN side Settings web
page, you have to fill in the data requested
here.
Primary IP Address:
Type in the first IP address that you got from
your ISP for your LAN connection.
Subnet Mask:
Type in the subnet mask that you got from
your ISP for your LAN connection.
Configure the second IP Address and
Subnet Mask for LAN interface:
Check this box to make another set of IP
Address and Subnet Mask to connect to your
router if they are not included in the range
that DHCP server accepts.
Secondary IP Address:
Type in the second IP address that you got
from your ISP for your LAN connection.
On the Configure LAN side Settings web
page, the IP address and subnet mask will
be shown on it. You can modify them if
needed.
Subnet Mask:
Type in the subnet mask that you got from
your ISP for your LAN connection.
Type in all the necessary settings and
click Next for next page.
MTU:
It means the maximum size of the packet
that transmitted in the network. The packet
of the data greater than the number set here
will be divided into several packets for
transmitting. Type in the number into the
field of MTU. The default setting is 1500.
DHCP Server On:
Check this item if DHCP service is needed
on the LAN. The router will assign IP
address, gateway address for each of your
PCs.
Start IP Address:
Type in the start point IP address.
End IP Address:
Type in the end point IP address.
Leased Time:
Type in the duration for the time. The default
is 1day.
DHCP Server Off:
Check this item if DHCP service isn’t
needed on the LAN.
You can check it at this time. If you find
something is incorrect, click Back to change
the settings.
If everything is OK, click Finish to accept
these settings.
Now, the system will reboot to activate the
new settings that you have done in this
section.
Please wait for 2 minutes for restarting the
router.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
IP over ATM
If the type you have to choose is IP over ATM, please refer to the following information.
IPoA is an alternative of LAN emulation. It
allows TCP/IP network to access ATM
network and uses ATM quality of service’s
features.
Choose IPoA and click Next.
None:
If it is not necessary to set the WAN IP
address, please click this button.
Obtain an IP address automatically:
Click this button to make the system get an
IP address automatically.
WAN IP Address:
Type in the IP address that you got from ISP
for the WAN interface.
WAN Subnet Mask:
Type in the subnet mask address that you got
from ISP for the WAN interface.
Obtain DNS server address automatically:
Click this button to make the system get
DNS server automatically.
Use the following DNS server address:
If you want to set DNS server by yourself,
you have to click on this button to invoke the
following entries.
Primary DNS server:
Type in your preferred DNS server that you
got from ISP.
Secondary DNS server:
Type in the alternate DNS server that you got
from ISP.
Click Enable NAT if you want. As for the
detailed NAT settings, it will be described in
later sections.
Click Enable QoS for your necessity.
It can improve the performance for selected
classes of applications. Before you check
this item, please assign the priorities for
various applications from the Quality of
Service menu of Advanced web page. Be
aware that IP QoS also consumes system
resources, the number of created PVCs will
be reduced consequently.
Please type in the WAN IP address, Subnet Mask and DNS server addresses. Then Click
Next to get the following page.
In the Configure LAN side Settings web
page, you have to fill in the data requested
here.
Primary IP Address:
Type in the first IP address that you got from
your ISP for your LAN connection.
Subnet Mask:
Type in the subnet mask that you got from
your ISP for your LAN connection.
Configure the second IP Address and
Subnet Mask for LAN interface:
Check this box to make another set of IP
Address and Subnet Mask to connect to your
router if they are not included in the range
that DHCP server accepts.
Secondary IP Address:
Type in the second IP address that you got
from your ISP for your LAN connection.
Subnet Mask:
Type in the subnet mask that you got from
your ISP for your LAN connection.
DHCP Server On:
Check this item if DHCP service is needed
on the LAN. The router will assign IP
address, gateway address for each of your
PCs.
Start IP Address:
Type in the start point IP address.
End IP Address:
Type in the end point IP address.
Leased Time:
Type in the duration for the time. The default
is 1day.
DHCP Server Off:
Check this item if DHCP service isn’t
needed on the LAN.
You can check it at this time. If you find
something is incorrect, click Back to change
the settings. If everything is OK, click
Finish to accept these settings. And the
following page will appear.
On the Configure LAN side Settings web page, the IP
address and subnet mask will be shown on it. You can
modify them if needed. Click Next for next page.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
Now, the system will reboot to activate the
new settings that you have done in this
section.
Please wait for 2 minutes for restarting the
router.
Bridging
If the type you choose is Bridging, please refer to the following information.
The bridging mode can configure your router
to send packets received on any port such as
ATM PVC or Ethernet with a broadcast
MAC address to all other ports.
Choose Bridging and click Next.
None:
If it is not necessary to set the WAN IP
address, please click this button.
Obtain an IP address automatically: Click
this button to make the system get an IP
address automatically.
WAN IP Address:
Type in the IP address that you got from ISP
for the WAN interface.
WAN Subnet Mask:
Type in the subnet mask address that you got
from ISP for the WAN interface.
Obtain DNS server address automatically:
Click this button to make the system get
DNS server automatically.
Use the following DNS server address:
If you want to set DNS server by yourself,
you have to click on this button to invoke the
following entries.
Primary DNS server:
Type in your preferred DNS server that you
got from ISP.
Secondary DNS server:
Type in the alternate DNS server that you got
from ISP.
Click Enable NAT if you want. As for the
detailed NAT settings, it will be described in
later sections.
Click Enable QoS for your necessity.
It can improve the performance for selected
classes of applications. Before you check
this item, please assign the priorities for
various applications from the Quality of
Service menu of Advanced web page. Be
aware that IP QoS also consumes system
resources, the number of created PVCs will
be reduced consequently.
In the Configure LAN side Settings web
page, you have to fill in the data requested
here.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
Primary IP Address:
Type in the IP address that you got from your
ISP for LAN interface.
Subnet Mask:
Type in the subnet mask that you got from
your ISP for LAN interface.
MTU:
It means the maximum size of the packet
that transmitted in the network. The packet
of the data greater than the number set here
will be divided into several packets for
transmitting. Type in the number into the
field of MTU. The default setting is 1500.
DHCP Server On:
Check this item if DHCP service is needed
on the LAN. The router will assign IP
address, gateway address for each of your
PCs.
Start IP Address:
Type in the start point IP address.
End IP Address:
Type in the end point IP address.
Leased Time:
Type in the duration for the time. The default
is 1day.
DHCP Server Off:
Check this item if DHCP service isn’t
needed on the LAN.
Click Next to get into next web page.
You can check it at this time. If you find
something is incorrect, click Back to change
the settings. If everything is OK, click
Finish to accept these settings. And the
following page will appear.
Now, the system will reboot to activate the
new settings that you have done in this
section.
Please wait for 2 minutes for restarting the
router.
Status
Overview
This page is displaying the current status for the DSL connection. It includes if the lists the LAN IP
address, default gateway, DNS servers IP address, firmware version, the period of activating the
router, and so on. The system status will be changed according to the settings that you configured in
the web pages.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
ADSL Line
This page shows all information for ADSL.
For knowing the quality of the ADSL
connection, please click ADSL BER Test
button to have advanced information.
Click More Information to show more
detailed information about ADSL Line
Status.
ADSL BER Test
This test determines the quality of the ADSL
connection. It is done by transferring idle
cells containing a known pattern and
comparing the received data with this known
pattern to check for errors.
After select the test duration time and click
Start, the following dialog appears to tell
you the test is running. You can stop the test
by click Stop or close this dialog by click
Close.
When the test is over, the result will be
shown on the following dialog for your
reference. Click Close to close this dialog.
Internet Connection
This page displays the connection
information for your router, such as PVC
name, category, protocol, invoking NAT or
not, IP address, link status and so on.
Traffic Statistics
This table shows the records of data going
through the LAN and WAN interface. For
each interface, cumulative totals are
displayed for Received and Transmitted.
DHCP Table
This table shows all DHCP clients who get
their IP addresses from your ADSL Router.
For each DHCP client, it shows the Host
Name, MAC Address, IP Address and the
Lease Time.
Routing Table
This table shows the routing method that
your router uses.
ARP Table
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
This table shows the IP address record for
IP-to-Physical translation in your router.
Advanced Setup
Local Network- IP Address
This page is the same as you can see in the Configure LAN side Settings page while running the
Quick Setup. It allows you to set IP Address and Subnet Mask values for LAN interface.
Primary IP Address:
Type in the first IP address that you got from
your ISP for your LAN connection.
Subnet Mask:
Type in the subnet mask that you got from
your ISP for your LAN connection.
Host Name:
List the host name of this device.
Domain Name:
List the name of domain.
Configure the second IP Address and
Subnet Mask for LAN interface:
Check this box to make another set of IP
Address and Subnet Mask to connect to your
router if they are not included in the range
that DHCP server accepts.
Secondary IP Address:
Type in the second IP address that you got
from your ISP for your LAN connection.
Subnet Mask:
Type in the subnet mask that you got from
your ISP for your LAN connection.
MTU:
It means the maximum size of the packet
that transmitted in the network. The packet
of the data greater than the number set here
will be divided into several packets for
transmitting. Type in the number into the
field of MTU. The default setting is 1500.
Apply:
Click this button to activate the settings
listed above.
Local Network - DHCP Server
This allows you to set DHCP server on LAN interface.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
DHCP Server On:
Check this item if DHCP service is needed
on the LAN. The router will assign IP
address, gateway address for each of your
PCs.
Start IP Address:
Type in the start point IP address.
End IP Address:
Type in the end point IP address.
Leased Time:
Type in the duration for the time. The default
is 1day.
Relay On:
Click this button to have a relay setting. And
type in the Server IP in this field.
Server and Relay Off:
Check this item if DHCP service isn’t
needed on the LAN.
Apply:
Click this button to activate the settings
listed above.
You can reserve one specific IP address for a
certain PC for certain purpose. Simply add a
mapping entry of MAC address & IP address
for that PC by pressing the View Reserved
IP Address List button. The following
picture will appear.
Click the Add button to open another dialog
as follows. On PCs MAC Address and
Assigned IP Address boxes, please type in
the correct information for the one that you
want to add and click Apply.
The new one will be shown on the dialog
right away. That is, the specified address will
be reserved and not be assigned by DHCP
for other computer.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
Local Network – UPnP
The UPnP is available only for Windows XP. If you are not user of Windows XP, this page does not
have any meaning to you.
This page allows you to enable the UPnP
function through the web page for your
router.
Internet-Connections Setting
To set WAN settings for each service, please open Advanced– Internet Setting. This page allows
you to add new WAN settings, to edit or remove created WAN settings.
If you click the Connect line under the PVC
Name item, the system will connect to WAN
automatically. If the WAN connection is OK,
you can check the detailed information
directly.
Adding a New One
You have to type in the VPI and VCI values in the entry boxes. Then click Next. The screen will get
into the Connection Type page of Quick Setup and ask you to fill in the data according to the
request of the screen. Refer to Quick Setup for more information if you don’t know how to set the
configuration.
To add a new WAN connection, please click the Add button. The following screen appears.
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier):
Identifies the virtual path between endpoints
in an ATM network. The valid range is from
0 to 255. You cannot type in the number
randomly if you desire. Please refer to the
value that your ISP gave.
VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier):
Identifies the virtual channel endpoints in an
ATM network. The valid range is from 32 to
65535 (1 to 31 is reserved for well-known
protocols). You cannot type in the number
randomly if you desire. Please refer to the
value that your ISP gave.
Service Category:
It decides the size and rate for the packets of
the data in different service type. There are
five categories provided here for your
selection. Please choose any one of it as you
desired.
If you choose Non Realtime VBR, you have
to type in the following data.
The range for Peak Cell Rate is from 1 to
1690.
The range for Sustainable Cell Rate is from
1 to 1689 and must be smaller than Peak Cell
Rate.
The range for Maximum Burst Size is from 1
to 100.
After click Next, you will see the web page
listed as the right. Choose the protocol that
you want. And click Next again.
The WAN IP settings will differ slightly
according to the protocol that you choose.
This graphic is the one that you will get if
you choose to add a new interface of
PPPoA/PPPoE mode. You can check Enable
NAT or Enable Qos for your necessity. And
you can set the MTU value in this page.
If you want to add a new interface of PPPoE
mode and choose PPPoE from the previous
web page, you will get a web page as the
graphic listed in right side.
Please refer to Quick Setup for more
information if you don’t know how to set the
configuration.
If you want to add a new interface of
Bridging mode and choose Bridging from
the previous web page, you will get a web
page as the graphic listed in right side.
Please refer to Quick Setup for more
information if you don’t know how to set the
configuration.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
Internet-DNS Server
If Enable Automatic Assigned DNS checkbox is selected, this router will accept the first received
DNS assignment from one of the PPPoA, PPPoE or MER/DHCP enabled PVC(s) during the
connection establishment. If the checkbox is not selected, it is necessary for you to enter the primary
and optional secondary DNS server IP addresses. After type in the address, click Apply button to
save it and invoke it.
Enable Automatic Assigned DNS:
Check this box to enable this function, or
uncheck this box to disable it.
Primary DNS server:
Type in your primary DNS server.
Secondary DNS server:
Type in the secondary DNS server.
If you are satisfied the settings, click Apply.
Internet-IGMP Proxy
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is an Internet protocol that provides a way for an
Internet computer to report its multicast group membership to adjacent routers.
The hosts interact with the system through the exchange of IGMP messages. When you want to
configure IGMP proxy, the system will interact with other router through the exchange of IGMP
messages. However, when acting as the proxy, the system performs the host portion of the IGMP
task as follows:
¾
When it is queried, the system will send group membership reports to the group.
¾
When one of the hosts joins a multicast address group to which none of other hosts belong, the
system will send unsolicited group membership reports to that group.
¾
When the last of hosts in a particular multicast group leaves the group, the system will send a
leave group membership report to the routers group.
Internet Connection:
This field displays the internet connection
that you currently use.
IGMP Proxy Enabled:
Check this box to enable this function or
uncheck this box to disable this function.
After finish the settings, click Apply.
Internet - ADSL Settings
Enable ADSL Port:
Check this box to enable this function. It
simply invokes the line mode that you
choose here for the router.
Select the support of line modes:
There are several selections for your
choosing. Select the one that you need. For
Example, if you want to change one or more
physical layer parameters while the ATU-x is
in data transfer state, and the transmission
errors will not be present, please choose
ADSL2.
Capability Enabled:
Two items are provided here for you to
choose.
Bitswap:
It is a mandatory receiver initiated feature to
maintain the operating conditions of the
modem during changing environment
conditions. It reallocates the data bits and
power among the allowed carriers without
modification of the higher layer control
parameters in the ATU. After a bit swapping
reconfiguration, the total data rate and the
data rate on each latency path is unchanged.
Check this box to enable the function. If not,
uncheck this box to close the function.
Seamless Rate Adaptation:
It enables the ADSL2 system to change the
data rate of the connection while in operation
without any service interruption or bit errors.
Check this box to enable the function. If not,
uncheck this box to close the function.
IP Routing - Static Route
Routing Table shows all static route status and allows you to add new static IP route or delete IP
route. A Static IP Routing is a manually defined path, which determines the data transmitting route.
If your local network is composed of multiple subnets, you may want to specify a routing path to the
routing table.
Destination Network Address:
Display the IP address that the data packets
are to be sent.
Netmask:
Display the subnet mask that the data
transmitting is passing through.
Gateway:
Display the gateway that the data
transmitting is passing through.
WAN Interface:
Display the interface that the data
transmitting is passing through.
Delete:
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
Allow you to remove the selected static route
settings.
Adding a New One
To add a static route, please choose Static Route - Add. Type the destination network address, subnet
mask and gateway that you get from ISP and click Apply.
Destination Network Address:
The destination IP address of the network
where data packets are to be sent.
Subnet Mask:
Type in the subnet mask that you got from
ISP.
Gateway IP Address:
Click this button to invoke this function.
Type in the gateway that you got from ISP.
WAN Interface:
Click this button to invoke this function and
choose the one from the drop down menu.
Click Apply to view the routing result. This page shows all the routing table of data packets going
through your ADSL Router.
Remove Static Route
If you don’t want the static route that you
created, please click the icon under Delete
from Routing Table.
A dialog appears to ask you to confirm the
action. Click Yes to remove the static route,
or click No to keep the setting.
Configuring Other Routers on Your LAN
It is essential that all IP packets for devices that are not on the local LAN can be passed to the Router,
so that they can be forwarded to the external LAN, WAN, or Internet. To achieve this, the local LAN
must be configured to use the Router as the default route or default gateway.
Local Router
The local router is the Router installed on the same LAN segment as the Router. This router requires
that the default route is the Router itself. Typically, routers have a special entry for the default route.
It should be configured as follows.
Destination:
Normally 0.0.0.0 but check your router documentation.
Subnet Mask:
Normally 0.0.0.0 but check your router documentation.
Gateway:
The IP Address of the Router.
Other Routers on the Local LAN
Other routers on the local LAN must use the Router’s Local Router as the Default Route. The entries
will be the same as the Router’s local router, with the exception of the Gateway IP Address.
…
For a router with a direct connection to the Router’s local Router, the Gateway IP Address is
the address of the Router’s local router.
…
For routers which must forward packets to another router before reaching the Router’s local
router, the Gateway IP Address is the address of the intermediate router.
Example – Static Route
Here provides you an example of Static Route.
For the Router’s Routing Table
For the LAN shown above, with 2 routers and 3 LAN segments, the Router requires to add 2 static
routes as follows:
ADSL Router
Destination
192.168.10.0
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)
Gateway
192.168.1.254 (Router B)
IP Routing – Dynamic Routing
Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is utilized as a means of exchanging routing information
between routers. It helps the routers to determine optimal routes. This page allows you to
enable/disable this function.
RIP Version:
It incorporates the RIP information when
receiving and broadcasting the RIP packets.
From the drop down list, select a RIP version
to be accepted, 1, 2 or both.
Operation Mode:
There are two modes for you to choose,
Active and Passive. Select Active for
transmitting and receiving data, or select
Passive for receiving data only.
Enabled:
Click Enabled to enable the RIP function on
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
different interface. Otherwise, disable this
function.
Click Apply to invoke the settings set here.
Virtual Server-Port Forwarding
The Router implements NAT to let your entire local network appear as a single machine to the
Internet. The typical situation is that you have local servers for different services and you want to
make them publicly accessible. With NAT applied, it will translate the internal IP addresses of these
servers to a single IP address that is unique on the Internet. NAT function not only eliminates the
need for multiple public IP addresses but also provides a measure of security for your LAN.
When the router receives an incoming IP packet requesting for access to your local server, the router
will recognize the service type according to the port number in this packet (e.g., port 80 indicates
HTTP service and port 21 indicates FTP service). By specifying the port number, you tell the router
which service should be forwarded to the local IP address you specify.
After you setting the virtual server you should modify the filter rule whichever port and service you
set on virtual server. Because the firewall has protect the route by filter rule so that you should
update the filter rule after you set up virtual server.
Virtual Server allows you to make servers on your LAN accessible to Internet users. Normally,
Internet users would not be able to access a server on your LAN because:
…
Your server does not have a valid external IP Address.
…
Attempts to connect to devices on your LAN are blocked by the firewall in this device.
The Virtual Server feature solves these problems and allows Internet users to connect to your servers,
as illustrated below:
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
IP Address seen by Internet Users
Please note that, in the above picture, both Internet users are connecting to the same IP address, but
using different protocols.
To Internet users, all virtual servers on your LAN have the same IP Address. This IP Address is
allocated by your ISP. This address should be static, rather than dynamic, to make it easier for
Internet users to connect to your Servers. However, you can use Dynamic DNS feature to allow
users to connect to your virtual servers by using a URL, instead of an IP address.
To set a virtual server, please open the
Virtual Servers item from the Advanced
Setup - NAT menu.
Add New Port Forwarding
To add a new Port Forwarding, please click Add from the Port Forwarding web page.
Pre-defined
Choose one of the services type from the
first drop down list, such as Audio/Video,
Games and so on. In the second drop down
list, choose the name of the application that
you want to use with the type that you select
in the first list.
User defined:
Type a new service name for building a
customized service for specific reason.
From Internet Host IP Address:
Select the initial place for port forwarding. If
you choose SINGLE, a box will appear for
you to fill in the IP address for the specific
host. And, if you choose SUBNET, the boxes
of IP and Subnet will appear for you to fill in
the IP address and subnet mask for the
specific host as the start point.
Forwarded to Internet Host IP Address:
Type in the address for the host used as the
place that information will be forwarded.
IP addresses can be automatically redirected to local servers configured with private IP addresses. In
other words, depending on the requested service (TCP/UDP port number), the router redirects the
external service request to the appropriate server (located at another internal IP address).
After adding a new virtual server, click
Apply.
The following screen will be shown to
display the status for new ones.
If you do not want the new server that you
added, please check the Delete box of that
one and click the Delete button to discard it.
Or if you want to add another one again,
click Add to add a new one.
Connecting to the Virtual Servers
Once configured, anyone on the Internet can connect to your Virtual Servers. They must use the
Internet IP Address (the IP Address allocated to you by your ISP.) For example,
Http://203.70.212.52
Ftp://203.70.212.52
It is more convenient if you are using a Fixed IP Address from your ISP, rather than Dynamic.
However, you can use the Dynamic DNS feature to allow users to connect to your Virtual Server
through a URL, rather than an IP Address.
Virtual Server-Port Triggering
When the router detects outbound traffic on
a specific port, it will set up the port
forwarding rules temporarily on the port
ranges that you specify to allow inbound
traffic. It is supposed to increase the support
for Internet gaming, video conferencing, and
Internet telephony due to the applications
require multiple connection.
To add a new port triggering, click Add to
open this web page. Than choose an
application name from the Pre-defined list
box. The system provides 9 items for your
choice.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
Or define by yourself by typing the words
into the field of User defined.
Click Apply to complete the setting.
Virtual Server - DMZ Host
Direct Mapping Zone (DMZ) uses a technology that makes Router forwarding all incoming packet
to internal specific server.
To close the function of DMZ Host, please
click Discarded.
To activate a DMZ host, please click
Forwarded to the DMZ host radio button and
type the IP Address into the field of IP
address of DMZ host, then click Apply.
This feature allows one computer on your LAN to be exposed to all users on the Internet, allowing
unrestricted 2-way communication between the specified IP address and other Internet users or
Servers.
…
This allows almost any application to be used on the specified IP address.
…
The specified IP address will receive all “Unknown” connections and data.
…
If the DMZ feature is enabled, you must type in numbers to specify an IP address.
…
The DMZ feature can be Enabled and Disabled on the NAT setting screen.
Virtual Server - Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS (Dynamic Domain Nasme System) combines both functions of DNS and DHCP
to map a dynamic IP into a fixed domain name. This page allows you to access into virtual servers
with a domain name and password.
Dynamic DNS:
Selects Enable to enable DDNS; select
Disabled to disable this function.
Internet Connection:
Selects the interface that you want to use for
connecting Internet.
User Name:
Type in the user name that you registered in
www.dyndns.org.
Password:
Type in the password that you registered in
www.dyndns.org.
Domain Name:
Type in the domain name that you registered
in www.dyndns.org. You can use letters and
dash for naming, yet other characters are not
allowed to use for preventing from making
troubles.
Status:
It displays current status.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
Firewall
The firewall is a software that interrupts the data between the Internet and your computer. It is the
TCP/IP equivalent of a security gate at the entrance to your company. All data must pass through it,
and the firewall (functions as a security guard) will allow only authorized data to be passed into the
LAN.
What the firewall can do? It can:
…
deny or permit any packet from passing through explicitly
…
distinguish between various interfaces and match on the following fields:
‹ source and destination IP address
‹ port
To keep track of the performance of IP Filter, a logging device is used which supports logging of the
TCP/UDP and IP packet headers and the first 129 bytes of the packet (including headers) when a
packet is successfully passed through, a packet is blocked from passing through and it matches a
rule setup to look for suspicious packets
Filtering by IP address
An example for firewall setup:
This picture is the most common and easiest way to employ the firewall. Basically, you can install a
packet-filtering router at the Internet gateway and then configures the filter rule in the router to block
or filter protocols and addresses. The systems behind the router usually have a direct access to the
Internet, however some dangerous services such as NIS and NFS are usually blocked.
For the security of your router, set the firewall is an important issue.
Choose Disabled to disable the firewall
function. Click Enabled to invoke the
settings that you set in this web page.
To open the IP Filtering, please click the
Enabled radio button. The web page will be
shown as the right picture.
Select the direction to filter packets:
The way of the data transmission. In Bound
means the data is transferred from outside
onto your computer. Out Bound means the
data is transferred from your computer onto
outside through Internet. Please choose
Outbound traffic or Inbound traffic as the
direction for filtering packets.
Then, to add a new IP Filtering, click Add.
This page provides some settings for you to
adjust for adding a new outbound IP
Filtering.
Allow Traffic:
No stops the data transmission, Yes lets the
data pass through.
Protocol:
Here provide several default policies for
security levels for you to choose. If you
don’t want to use the predefined setting, you
can use User Defined to set a customized
protocol for your necessity. When you
choose User Defined setting, you have to
type in a port number in the “as” field.
Source/Destination IP address:
To specify IP address to allow or deny data
transmission, please pull down the
drop-down menu to choose a proper one.
All: This setting means that all the IP
addressed in the network are allowed or
denied to pass through in Internet. If you
choose Single, an IP address field will
appear to the right side. You have to type in
the specific IP address as the start/end point
to let the router identify for granting or
denying pass through. If you choose Subnet,
the IP address and Netmask will appear to
the right side. Please type in the specific IP
address and Netmask as the start/end point to
let the router identify for granting or denying
pass through.
Port Range:
The port range is from 0 to 65535. Please
type in the start point and end point for the
IP Filtering.
After finish the settings, click Apply. A
new one will be added and shown on the
web page.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
A new IP filtering setting for Outbound
traffic is created in the web page. To edit the
setting, please click the pencil mark to get
into the editing page. To delete the setting,
click the trash mark to erase it. To set
another IP filtering, click Add again.
For adding a new Inbound IP Filtering, click
Inbound traffic in the item of Select the
direction to filter packets. Use the same
way to add a new one as stated above.
Quality of Service
QoS (Quality of Service) is an industry-wide initiative to provide preferential treatment to certain
subsets of data, enabling that data to traverse the Internet or intranet with higher quality transmission
service.
Bridge QoS
To classify the upstream traffic by assigning
the transmission priority for data of different
users, please use Bridge QoS to prioritize the
data transmission.
The Bridge QoS allows you to set the
settings based on layer two IP packets.
Traffic Class Name:
Type in a name as the traffic class for
identification.
802.1p Priority:
Each incoming packet will be mapped to a
specific priority level, so that these levels
may be acted on individually to deliver
traffic differentiation. Please choose the
number (from 0 to 7) for the 802.1p Priority.
Traffic Priority:
There are three options – Low, Medium, and
High that you can choose.
IP Precedence:
The number you choose here decides the
type of the IP address processed. No change
is the default setting.
IP type of Service:
The system provides some types of service
for you to choose. The meaning of each type
is the same as the denotation. The default
one is No change.
IPQoS
To classify the upstream traffic by assigning
the transmission priority of the data for
different users, please use IP QoS to
prioritize the data transmission.
The IP QoS allows you to set the settings
based on layer three IP packets.
To add a new QoS setting, please Add in the
page of Quality of Service, a page same as
the right side will appear.
Traffic Class Name:
Type in a name as the traffic class for
identification.
Protocol:
Choose the proper interface for this function.
If you don’t know how to select, simply use
the default one, TCP/UDP.
Source IP Address/ Subnet Mask:
You have to type in the source IP address
(ex: 192.168.1.50) and subnet mask
(ex:255.255.255.0) for the application (ex:
FTP, HTTP and so on) that you want to
invoke the QoS traffic rule.
Source Port:
Except the IP address, you also have to enter
the source port. Type in the source port for
the traffic rule. The range is from 0 to 65535.
Destination IP Address/Subnet Mask:
You have to type in the destination IP
address (ex: 192.168.1.254) and subnet mask
(ex:255.255.255.0) for the application that
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
you want to invoke the QoS traffic rule.
Destination Port:
Type in the destination port for the traffic
rule. The range is from 0 to 65535.
Traffic Priority:
There are three options – Low, Medium, and
High that you can choose. It decides the
order of each data transmitted through this
device.
IP Precedence:
The number you choose here decides the
type of the IP address processed. No change
is the default setting.
IP type of Service:
The system provides some types of service
for you to choose. The meaning of each type
is the same as the denotation. The default
one is No change.
After you click Apply, the new QoS setting
will be shown on the graphic as the right
side. To delete the one you set, simply click
the check button below Delete item and click
Delete button.
Voice Quality
Check this item to guarantee the best voice
quality for the VoIP phone call.
Port Mapping
This page allows you to configure various
port mapping groups which contains specific
Internet connections and LAN ports. All the
user data can be only transmitted and
received among the interfaces in the groups
that you specified in this page.
Group Name:
Type in a name here as a group name. It
must be unique. The word length must not be
over the length of the field.
Available Interfaces:
The available interfaces (such as Ethernet,
USB etc.) will be displayed in the left side
box. When you choose it and click Add, it
will be transferred into the right side box of
Grouped Interfaces. Yet, if you want to
remove the interface from the current group,
it will be returned back to the Default group
(left side box) after you click Remove.
After finish the settings, click Apply.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
Management
Diagnostics
To check the link status for the network and your computer, a diagnostic test can guide you to detect
the network problem. The testing items are listed and accomplished one by one. If the previous one
is failed, than the items below that failed one will be failed too. Use this diagnostic test to detect the
connectivity mistakes whenever you happen to the linked problem.
For the item which passes through the
diagnostics, a PASS word will be shown on
the right side of that item.
If not, a Fail word will be there.
N/A means that item is not necessary for the
system to test.
The Help link lets you know what the result
(Pass, Down, Fail) represents for. In this
page you still can rerun diagnostic test at any
time.
Admin Account
This page allows you to type in the password for accessing into your DSL Router.
For the Admin Account, the default setting
for user password is admin. If you want to
change the username and the password,
please retype the new password in the
Confirm field for confirmation. Then click
Apply.
Remote Access
There are four interfaces for the remote access. Please choose one of them if you want to enable the
remote access control.
Select the Internet Connection:
Select one connection item from the drop
down list to enable the function.
Web Browser:
Choose this box if you want to have remote
control through HTTP. The default port
number will be shown in the box. Modify
this number whenever you want.
Telnet:
Choose this box if you want to have remote
control through telnet.
FTP:
Choose this box if you want to have remote
control through FTP.
SNMP:
Choose this box if you want to have remote
control through SNMP agent.
TFTP:
Choose this box if you want to have remote
control through TFTP.
Secure Shell (SSH):
Choose this box if you want to have remote
control through SSH.
Ping:
Choose this box if you want to have remote
control through ping command under DOS
prompt.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
Interntet Time
The router’s clock must synchronize with global Internet’s time. The time you set in the screen will
be adapted to system log.
Update:
Click this button to refresh the current time.
Set Time by:
The default setting is Manual. If you select
Time Server, you don’t need to type in the
time setting manually. The system will set
automatically.
Time:
Set the start time by typing the year, the
month, the day, the hour, and the date to help
the router perform tasks.
Timezone:
Choose the time zone of your country where
you are going to use the router.
Apply:
Save the data on the screen and apply the
data after restarting the router.
System Log
As shown in the web page, you can view the
system log and configure system log
whenever you want.
Configure System Log
After you click Configure System Log, the
following screen will appear. You can enable
or disable the log function, choose log level,
display level and proper mode as you like.
Then click Apply.
There are 8 types for log level and display
level for your choose. The default is
Debugging.
The mode selection includes Local, Remote
and Both. The default one is Local. If you
choose Remote or Both, all the events will
be sent to the specified UDP port of the
specified log server.
Viewing System Log
For viewing the system log, please click the
View System Log button.
The screen will be shown immediately for
your reference.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
SNMP Setting
The SNMP, the abbreviation of Simple Network Management Protocol, is used to refer to a
collection of specifications for network management that include the protocol itself, the definition of
data structures and associated concepts.
A management station performs the monitoring function by retrieving the value of MIB objects. The
management station and agents are linked by a network management protocol that is SNMP. The
SNMP includes three key capabilities, get, set and trap. A single management station can handle
many agents as long as SNMP remains relatively “simple”, so the number can be high (hundreds or
so).
The following picture is the typical configuration of protocols for SNMP. As for a stand-alone
management station, a manager process controls access to a central MIB at the management station
and provides an interface to the network manager. The manager process achieves network
management by using SNMP, which will be implemented on top of the UDP, IP and the relevant
network-dependent protocols (e.g., Ethernet).
For an agent device that supports other applications, such as FTP, both TCP and UDP are required.
An agent may issue a trap message in response to an event that effects the MIB and the underlying
managed resources.
Note: There are no ongoing connections are maintained between a management station and its agents.
Instead, each exchange is a separate transaction between a management station and an agent.
Each agent is responsible for notifying the management station of any unusual event; for example, if
the agent crashes and is rebooted, a link fails or an overload condition as defined by the packet load
crosses some threshold. These events are communicated in SNMP messages known as traps.
Please select the SNMP menu from Management. The dialog will appear.
SNMP Agent:
Choose Disable to close this function;
choose Enabled to open this function.
Read Community:
The default setting is public, please type in
the data that your ISP provided.
Write Community:
The default setting is private, please type in
the data that your ISP provided.
Enable TRAP Service:
Check this box to enable this function,
otherwise uncheck this box to disable this
function.
TRAP Manager IP:
Type in an IP address as the remote
workstation. If there is any abnormal
condition happened, you can advice remote
workstation by way of SNMP agent.
Backup Config
To backup your configuration for the router
to your computer, you can use Backup
Config web page to save the settings.
And when you want to restore the settings in
the future, simply open Backup Config web
page and use Browse button to locate the file
and click Restore.
Update Firmware
If you have to or want to update the
firmware for this router, you can open the
update software web page and choose the
correct file by pressing Browse. Then click
the Update Software button. The system
will execute the update procedure
automatically. When it is finished, the
system will tell you the update is
successfully.
Reset Router
To make effect the settings that you set for
this router, please open the Reset Router
web page and click the Reboot button to
invoke all settings.
You can restore your web pages default
settings. Simply check Reset to factory
default settings and click Reboot.
Chapter 5:Connection Mode
UPnP for XP
Universal plug and play (UPnP) is an architecture for pervasive peer to peer network connectivity of
intelligent appliances and PCs of all form factors. It is designed to bring easy-to-use, flexible,
standards-based connectivity to ad-hoc or unmanaged networks whether in the home, in a small
business, public spaces, or attached to the Internet.
Only Windows XP supports UPnP function.
Please follow the steps below for installing UPnP components.
1. Click on the Start menu, point to Settings
and click on Control Panel.
2. Select Add or Remove Programs >
Add/Remove Windows Components to
open Windows Components Wizard
dialog box
3. Select Network Services and click
Details. Click the Universal Plug and
Play check box.
4. Click Ok. The system will install UPnP
components automatically
5. After finishing the installation, go to My
Network Places. You will find an icon
(e.g., SL-XXX ) for UPnP function.
RTAXXX
6. Double click on the icon, the ADSL router
will open another web page with port for
UPnP function. The IE address will be
changed as shown as the graphic.
http://192.168.1.1/index.html
7. Now, the NAT traversal function will be
provided. The ADSL router will create a
new virtual server automatically for
mapping while the router detecting the
computer running some Internet
applications.
Chapter 5:Troubleshooting
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
If the suggested solutions in this section do not resolve your issue, contact your system administrator
or Internet service provider.
Problems with LAN
PCs on the LAN cannot get IP addresses from the ADSL Router.
The chances are that the interface used as DHCP server is modified and the client PCs do not renew
IP addresses.
If your DHCP server is enabled on Private IP Address previously and you modify the interface to
Public IP Address, the client PCs should renew IP addresses.
The PC on the LAN cannot access the Web page of the ADSL Router.
Check that your PC is on the same subnet with the ADSL Router.
The virtual server can’t be access after setting virtual server.
Check the filter rule of the port that virtual server service setting for example, the virtual server
service set FTP 21 you need update the filter rule of the ftp 21 Direction setting: Choose filter the
packets that incoming action (In Bound) are Allow on the interface.
Problems with WAN
You cannot access the Internet.
…
Check the physical connection between the ADSL Router and the LAN.
If the LAN LED on the front panel is off or keeps blinking, there may be problem on the cable
connecting to the ADSL Router.
At the DOS prompt, ping the IP address of the ADSL Router, e.g, ping 192.168.1.1. If the
following response occurs:
Relay from 192.168.1.1 bytes=32 time=100ms TTL=253
Then the connection between the ADSL Router and the network is OK.
If you get a failed ping with the response of:
Request time out
Then the connection is fail. Check the cable between the ADSL Router and the network.
…
Check the DNS setting of the ADSL Router.
At the DOS prompt, ping the IP address of the DNS provided by your ISP. For example, if your
DNS IP is 168.95.1.1, then ping 168.95.1.1. If the following response occurs:
Relay from 168.95.1.1 bytes=32 time=100ms TTL=253
Then the connection to the DNS is OK.
If you get a failed ping with the response of:
Request time out
Then the DNS is not reachable. Check your DNS setting on the ADSL Router.
Problems with Upgrading
The following lists the error messages that you may see during upgrading and the action to take.
…
Error: All the ADSL LEDs light up and cannot light off as usual.
Possible cause: When users execute firmware upgrade and save settings to the router, the
power for the router is lost for some unknown reasons, the normal web page for the router
might be damaged. After power on your router, the LEDs might not work normally.
Action: Use the browser to connect to the router for executing image upgrade.
…
Error Message: Image uploading failed. The selected file contains an illegal image.
Possible cause: The firmware file format is invalid.
Action: Check the file format is correct, otherwise download a firmware file with correct
format.
…
Error Message: Image uploading failed. The system is out of memory.
Possible cause: It may be caused by the lack of memory.
Action: Reboot your ADSL Router and perform the upgrade task again.
…
Error Message: Image uploading failed. No image file was selected.
Possible cause: You did not select a file correctly.
Action: Download a compatible firmware from the web.
Chapter 6: Glossary
Chapter 6: Glossary
ARP (Address Resolution Protocol )
ARP is a TCP/IP protocol for mapping an IP address to a physical machine address that is
recognized in the local network, such as an Ethernet address.
A host wishing to obtain a physical address broadcasts an ARP request onto the TCP/IP
network. The host on the network that has the IP address in the request then replies with
its physical hardware address.
Inverse ARP (In-ARP), on the other hand, is used by a host to discover its IP address. In
this case, the host broadcasts its physical address and a RARP server replies with the host's
IP address.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
When operates as a DHCP server, the ADSL Router assign IP addresses to the client PCs on
the LAN. The client PCs “leases” these Private IP addresses for a user-defined amount of
time. After the lease time expires, the private IP address is made available for assigning to
other network devices.
The DHCP IP address can be a single, fixed public IP address, an ISP assigned public IP
address, or a private IP address.
If you enable DHCP server on a private IP address, a public IP address will have to be
assigned to the NAT IP address, and NAT has to be enabled so that the DHCP IP address
can be translated into a public IP address. By this, the client PCs are able to access the
Internet.
LAN (Local Area Network) & WAN (Wide Area Network)
A LAN is a computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or
floor of a building. A WAN, on the other hand, is an outside connection to another network
or the Internet.
The Ethernet side of the ADSL Router is called the LAN port. It is a twisted-pair Ethernet
10Base-T interface. A hub can be connected to the LAN port. More than one computers,
such as server or printer, can be connected through this hub to the ADSL Router and
composes a LAN.
The DSL port of the ADSL Router composes the WAN interface, which supports PPP or RFC
1483 connecting to another remote DSL device.
NAT (Network Address Translation) IP Address
NAT is an Internet standard that translates a private IP within one network to a public IP
address, either a static or dynamic one. NAT provides a type of firewall by hiding internal IP
addresses. It also enables a company to use more internal IP addresses.
If the IP addresses given by your ISP are not enough for each PC on the LAN and the ADSL
Router, you need to use NAT. With NAT, you make up a private IP network for the LAN and
assign an IP address from that network to each PC. One of some public addresses is
configured and mapped to a private workstation address when accesses are made through
the gateway to a public network.
For example, the ADSL Router is assigned with the public IP address of 168.111.2.1. With
NAT enabled, it creates a Virtual LAN. Each PC on the Virtual LAN is assigned with a private
IP address with default value of 192.168.1.2 to 192.168.2.254. These PCs are not
accessible by the outside world but they can communicate with the outside world through
the public IP 168.111.2.1.
Private IP Address
Private IP addresses are also LAN IP addresses, but are considered “illegal” IP addresses to
the Internet. They are private to an enterprise while still permitting full network layer
connectivity between all hosts inside an enterprise as well as all public hosts of different
enterprises.
The ADSL Router uses private IP addresses by assigning them to the LAN that cannot be
directly accessed by the Internet or remote server. To access the Internet, private network
should have an agent to translate the private IP address to public IP address.
Public IP Address
Public IP addresses are LAN IP addresses that can be considered “legal” for the Internet,
because they can be recognized and accessed by any device on the other side of the DSL
connection. In most cases they are allocated by your ISP.
If you are given a range of fixed IP addresses, then one can be assigned to the router and
the others to network devices on the LAN, such as computer workstations, ftp servers, and
web servers.
PVC (Permanent Virtual Circuit)
A PVC is a logical point-to-point circuit between customer sites. PVCs are low-delay circuits
because routing decisions do not need to be made along the way. Permanent means that
the circuit is preprogrammed by the carrier as a path through the network. It does not
need to be set up or turned down for each session.
RIP (Routing Information Protocol)
RIP is a routing protocol that uses the distance-vector routing algorithms to calculate
least-hops routes to a destination. It is used on the Internet and is common in the NetWare
environment. It exchanges routing information with other routers. It includes V1, V2 and
V1&V2, which controls the sending and receiving of RIP packets over Ethernet.
UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
UDP is a connectionless transport service that dispenses with the reliability services
provided by TCP. UDP gives applications a direct interface with IP and the ability to address
a particular application process running on a host via a port number without setting up a
connection session.
Virtual Server
You can designate virtual servers, e.g., a FTP, web, telnet or mail server, on your local
network and make them accessible to the outside world. A virtual server means that it is
not a dedicated server -- that is, the entire computer is not dedicated to running on the
public network but in the private network.
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier) & VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier)
A VPI is a 8-bit field while VCI is a 16-bit field in the ATM cell header. A VPI identifies a link
formed by a virtual path and a VCI identifies a channel within a virtual path. In this way,
Chapter 7: Glossary
the cells belonging to the same connection can be distinguished. A unique and separate
VPI/VCI identifier is assigned in advance to indicate which type of cell is following,
unassigned cells, physical layer OAM cells, metasignaling channel or a generic broadcast
signaling channel. Your ISP should supply you with the values.
Appendix A: Specifications
Appendix A: Specifications
Interface
Regulatory
Approvals and
Compliance
One RJ-11 port for ADSL connection
Four RJ-45 ports for IEEE 802.3/802.3u 10/100 Base-T
auto-sensing and auto-crossover Ethernet connection
z
One USB client port compliant to USB 1.1
z
One hidden reset button for restoring to factory default
settings
EMI: FCC part 15 Class B, CE
Immunity: FCC part 68 Class B
Safety: UL, CB, LVD
z
z
Power Requirement Power Adaptor:
Input 110±10 or 230±10 VAC;
and Operation
Output 9 VAC, 1A
Environment
Power Consumption:
less than 10 Watt
Requirement
Ambient Temperature: 0 to 40°C (32 to 96°F)
Relative Humidity:
20% to 90% (non-condensing)
Physical
Dimensions:
190mm(L) x 130mm(W) x 40mm(H)
Weight:
350g
Appendix B: Server Setup for 802.1x Client
Appendix B: Server Setup for
802.1x Client
Getting Client Certificate
1.
2.
3.
4.
Please connect the client to a network
that doesn’t require port authentictaion.
Open up Microsoft Explorer in
Windows XP, and go to
http://<yourserver>/certsrv.
Authenticate to the server using your
account that you created at the end of
the server setup. (e.g. 123) and click
OK. A dialog box might appear for you
to choose.
Make sure that Request a certificate is
selected, and click Next.
5.
Make sure that User certificate
request: User Certificate is selected,
and click Next.
6.
Click Submit in this dialog.
7.
Now, you'll see status messages on the
screen, then your certificate will be
returned to you. Click Install this
certificate.
8.
You'll receive a confirmation message
about accepting the certificate, click
Yes
Appendix C: WEEE – B2C
Appendix C: WEEE – B2C
All electrical and electronic products should be disposed of separately from the municipal
waste stream via designated collection facilities appointed by the government or the
local authorities.
The correct disposal and separate collection of your old appliance will help prevent
potential negative consequences for the environment and human health. It is a
precondition for reuse and recycling of used electrical and electronic equipment.
For more detailed information about disposal of your old appliance, please contact your
city office, waste disposal service, the shop where you purchased the product or your
SIEMENS partner.
The statements quoted above are only fully valid for equipment which is installed in the
countries of the European Union and is covered by the directive 2002/96/EC.
Countries outside the European Union may have other regulations regarding the disposal
of electrical and electronic equipment.
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