Cadillac 2004 CTS Specification

Cadillac 2004 CTS Specification
2004 Cadillac CTS Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ........................... 1-1
Front Seats ............................................... 1-2
Rear Seats
............................................... 1-7
Safety Belts
.............................................. 1-9
Child Restraints
....................................... 1-29
Air Bag Systems
...................................... 1-48
Restraint System Check
............................ 1-59
Features and Controls ..................................... 2-1
Keys
........................................................ 2-3
Doors and Locks
....................................... 2-8
Windows ................................................. 2-14
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................ 2-18
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
........... 2-21
Mirrors .................................................... 2-40
OnStar® System
...................................... 2-45
HomeLink® Transmitter
............................. 2-47
Storage Areas
......................................... 2-52
Sunroof
.................................................. 2-54
Vehicle Personalization
............................. 2-55
.............................................
3-1
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview .......................... 3-4
Climate Controls
...................................... 3-26
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
......... 3-34
M
Driver Information Center (DIC)
.................. 3-50
Audio System(s) ..................................... 3-100
Driving Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ........ 4-2
Towing
................................................... 4-31
Service and Appearance Care .......................... 5-1
Service ..................................................... 5-3
Fuel ......................................................... 5-4
Checking Things Under the Hood
............... 5-10
Rear Axle
............................................... 5-51
Bulb Replacement
.................................... 5-52
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
......... 5-56
Tires
...................................................... 5-58
Appearance Care
..................................... 5-86
Vehicle Identification
................................. 5-93
Electrical System ...................................... 5-93
Capacities and Specifications
................... 5-106
.....................................
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 6-2
Customer Assistance Information .................... 7-1
Customer Assistance Information .................. 7-2
Reporting Safety Defects ........................... 7-11
Index .................................................................1
Canadian Owners
You can obtain a French copy of this manual from your
dealer or from:
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath are
registered trademarks and the name CTS is a trademark
of General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for Cadillac Motor Car Division
whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the
new owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25758901 A First Edition
ii
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning to
end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you do
this, it will help you learn about the features and controls
for your vehicle. In this manual, you will find that pictures
and words work together to explain things.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It is an alphabetical list of what
is in the manual, and the page number where you will
find it.
© Copyright General Motors Corporation 06/04/03
All Rights Reserved
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you about
things that could hurt you if you were to ignore the
warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t let
this happen.”
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce
the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t,
you or others could be hurt.
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols, used on your vehicle,
are shown along with the text describing the operation
or information relating to a specific component, control,
message, gage or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
A notice will tell you about something that can damage
your vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your warranty, and it could be costly. But the
notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors
or in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator, reference the following
topics:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
Features and Controls in Section 2
Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
Climate Controls in Section 3
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators in Section 3
Audio System(s) in Section 3
Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
These are some examples of vehicle symbols you may find on your vehicle:
v
✍ NOTES
vi
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ......................................................1-2
Manual Passenger Seat ..................................1-2
Power Seats ..................................................1-2
Power Lumbar ...............................................1-3
Heated Seats .................................................1-3
Reclining Seatbacks ........................................1-4
Head Restraints .............................................1-6
Rear Seats .......................................................1-7
Split Folding Rear Seat ...................................1-7
Safety Belts .....................................................1-9
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone .................1-9
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts .........1-13
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................1-14
Driver Position ..............................................1-15
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-21
Right Front Passenger Position .......................1-22
Rear Seat Passengers ..................................1-22
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults ..........................1-26
Safety Belt Pretensioners ...............................1-28
Safety Belt Extender .....................................1-28
Child Restraints .............................................1-29
Older Children ..............................................1-29
Infants and Young Children ............................1-32
Child Restraint Systems .................................1-35
Where to Put the Restraint .............................1-38
Top Strap ....................................................1-39
Top Strap Anchor Location .............................1-40
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ...........................1-41
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System ...............................1-43
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position ....................................1-44
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position ....................................1-46
Air Bag Systems ............................................1-48
Where Are the Air Bags? ...............................1-50
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ....................1-54
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .....................1-55
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .....................1-55
What Will You See After an
Air Bag Inflates? .......................................1-56
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle .........1-58
Adding Equipment to Your Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle ....................................................1-59
Restraint System Check ..................................1-59
Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................1-59
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ............................................1-60
1-1
Front Seats
Power Seats
Manual Passenger Seat
Your vehicle may have a manual passenger seat.
To adjust the seat, lift the bar under the front of the
seat to unlock it. Slide the seat to where you want it
and release the bar. Try to move the seat back and forth
with your body to be sure the seat is locked in place.
1-2
If your vehicle is equipped with power front seats, the
controls are located on the outboard sides of the front
seat cushions.
• Move the front of the horizontal control up or down to
adjust the front portion of the cushion.
• Move the rear of the horizontal control up or down to
adjust the rear portion of the cushion.
• Lift up or push down on the center of the horizontal
control to move the entire seat up or down.
• To move the seat forward or rearward, slide the
horizontal control forward or rearward.
Power Lumbar
Your vehicle may have this feature. The driver’s and
passenger’s seatback lumbar support can be adjusted
by moving a control located on the outboard side of
the seat cushions.
To increase or decrease support, hold the control
forward or rearward. Keep in mind that as your seating
position changes, as it may during long trips, so
should the position of your lumbar support. Adjust the
seat as needed.
Heated Seats
If your vehicle is equipped
with heated front seats, the
buttons are located on
the climate control panel.
There is a button for the driver and one for the front
passenger. Each button has the following three settings:
LO, HI and off. The active setting appears on the
climate control panel display. The LO setting warms the
seatback and cushion until the seat approximates
normal body temperature. The HI setting has a slightly
higher temperature.
To turn on the heated seats, press the button once.
The seat will heat to the HI setting. Press the button
again to switch to the LO setting. Pressing the button a
third time turns the system off.
The heated seats can only be used when the ignition is
turned on. When the vehicle is turned off, the heated
seats automatically turn off. If you wish to have the
heated seats on once the vehicle is restarted, press the
button again.
1-3
Reclining Seatbacks
Power Recliner
Manual Recliner
If your vehicle has manual reclining front seatbacks,
the levers are located on the outboard sides of the
front seats.
Lift the lever to release the seatback, then move the
seatback to where you want it. Release the lever to lock
the seatback in place. To return the seatback to the
upright position, pull up on the lever without pushing
on the seatback.
1-4
If your vehicle has power reclining front seatbacks,
the controls are located on the outboard sides of
the front seats.
Press the top of the vertical control forward or rearward
to adjust the seatback angle.
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you
buckle up, your safety belts can’t do their job
when you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job. In a crash,
you could go into it, receiving neck or other
injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash
the belt could go up over your abdomen.
The belt forces would be there, not at your
pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries.
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety belt
properly.
1-5
Head Restraints
Adjust your head restraint so that the top of the restraint
is closest to the top of your head. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
The front seat head restraints move up and down.
Press the button located at the bottom of the head
restraint to raise or lower the head restraint. The head
restraints tilt forward and rearward, also.
The rear seat head restraints work the same as the front
head restraints. You can remove the rear head restraints,
also. Press the button located on top of the seatback and
pull up on the head restraint to remove it.
1-6
Rear Seats
Split Folding Rear Seat
2. There is a tab located
on the outboard sides
of the seatback. Pull
forward on the tab to
unlock the seatback.
Your vehicle may have a split folding rear seat. A split
folding rear seat allows you to carry long cargo by
folding down part or all of the rear seat. Before you can
fold the rear seatback, you need to unlatch the center
seatbelt buckle.
Use the following steps to lower one or both of the rear
seatbacks:
1. Insert a tool with a
small tip into the slot
as shown to unlatch
the seatbelt buckle.
Then move the belt to
the side so it is not
in your way.
3. Fold the seatback down. This will allow you direct
access to the trunk.
4. Repeat Steps 2 and 3 to fold down the other
seatback.
1-7
{CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
To return the seatback to the upright position, do the
following:
1. Lift the seatback up and push it back into place.
2. Reconnect the center
safety belt latch plate to
the buckle as shown.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After raising the rear seatback, always check
to be sure that the safety belts are properly
routed and attached, and are not twisted.
1-8
3. Make sure the seatback is locked into place by
pushing and pulling on it.
4. Repeat Steps 1 and 3 for the other seatback.
When the seatback is not in use, it should be kept in
the upright, locked position.
Safety Belts
{CAUTION:
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
belts properly. It also tells you some things you should
not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t
wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a
crash and you’re not wearing a safety belt,
your injuries can be much worse. You can hit
things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it.
You can be seriously injured or killed. In the
same crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt,
and check that your passengers’ belts are
fastened properly too.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not
allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle
that is not equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a
seat and using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light that
comes on as a reminder to
buckle up. See Safety Belt
Reminder Light on
page 3-37.
1-9
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have
a crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up, a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up
does matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-10
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle.
The rider doesn’t stop.
1-11
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...
1-12
or the instrument panel...
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be – whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of being conscious during and after an accident,
so you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts – not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
1-13
Q: If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident – even one that isn’t your fault – you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
1-14
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-29
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-32. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it
properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-28.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-15
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-16
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-17
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen.
The belt forces would be there, not at the
pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
A:
1-18
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-19
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of
the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work
properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.
A:
1-20
The belt is twisted across the body.
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,
and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the mother.
When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more likely
that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For pregnant
women, as for anyone, the key to making safety
belts effective is wearing them properly.
1-21
Right Front Passenger Position
Rear Seat Passengers
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see Driver Position on page 1-15.
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle
up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the
rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those
who are wearing safety belts.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt – except for one thing.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the latch
plate and keep pulling until you can buckle the belt.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike
others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Passenger Positions
1-22
Lap-Shoulder Belt
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
All rear seating positions have lap-shoulder belts. Here’s
how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-28.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-23
3. To make the lap belt part tight, pull down on the
buckle end of the belt as you pull up on the
shoulder part.
1-24
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-25
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown
booster seats and for small adults. When installed on
a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better positions
the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each outboard passenger
position in the rear seat. To provide added safety belt
comfort for children who have outgrown child restraints
and booster seats and for smaller adults, the comfort
guides may be installed on the shoulder belts. Here’s
how to install a comfort guide and use the safety belt:
1. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of
the seatback and the interior body to remove the
guide from its storage clip.
1-26
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the
belt into the slots of the guide.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt with the
guide on top.
1-27
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners. You’ll find
them on the buckle end of the safety belts for the driver
and right front passenger. They help the safety belts
reduce a person’s forward movement in a moderate to
severe crash in which the front of the vehicle hits
something.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a
crash, you’ll need to get new ones, and probably other
new parts for your safety belt system. See Replacing
Restraint System Parts After a Crash on page 1-60.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in Rear Seat Passengers on page 1-22.
Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the
shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Pull the guide upward to expose its storage clip,
and then slide the guide onto the clip. Turn the guide and
the clip inward and insert it in between the seatback and
the interior body, leaving only the loop of elastic cord
exposed.
1-28
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your dealer
will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go in to
order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will be
just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that you
choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it only for
the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it to the
regular safety belt.
Child Restraints
Older Children
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or even
fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-29
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A belt
must be used by only one person at a time.
Q:
A:
1-30
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle.
If the child is sitting in the center rear seat
passenger position, move the child toward the
safety belt buckle. In either case, be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so
that in a crash the child’s upper body would have
the restraint that belts provide. If the child is
sitting in a rear seat outside position, see Rear
Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children and Small
Adults on page 1-26.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the belt in
this way, in a crash the child might slide under
the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied
right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries.
The lap portion of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs.
This applies belt force to the child’s pelvic bones
in a crash.
1-31
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much — until a crash. During a crash a baby will
become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
CAUTION:
1-32
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly
become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s
arms. A baby should be secured in an
appropriate restraint.
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer outstanding protection for adults and
older children, but not for young children and
infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system
nor its air bag system is designed for them.
Young children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide.
1-33
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight,
height, and age but also whether or not the
restraint will be compatible with the motor vehicle
in which it will be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing a
child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
1-34
{CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This is
necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a
rear-facing seat settles into the restraint, so the
crash forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and
shoulders. Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s
regular safety belt may not remain low on the
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply force on a body area that’s
unprotected by any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young
children always should be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
1-35
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with
the seating surface against the back of the infant.
The harness system holds the infant in place and,
in a crash, acts to keep the infant positioned in
the restraint.
1-36
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
Q: How do child restraints work?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system.
Some booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and
some high-back booster seats have a five-point harness.
A booster seat can also help a child to see out the
window.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps and a
crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against the
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
1-37
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system or
the LATCH system in your vehicle, but the child also
has to be secured within the restraint to help reduce the
chance of personal injury. When securing an add-on
child restraint, refer to the instructions that come with the
restraint which may be on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both, and to this manual. The child restraint
instructions are important, so if they are not available,
obtain a replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are
restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We,
therefore, recommend that child restraints be secured in
a rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facing
infant seat, a child riding in a forward-facing child seat
and an older child riding in a booster seat. Never put a
rear-facing child restraint in the front passenger seat.
Here’s why:
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in
a rear seat.
If you secure a forward-facing child restraint in
the right front seat, always move the front
passenger seat as far back as it will go. It is
better to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.
1-38
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child restraint
in your vehicle – even when no child is in it.
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored
to the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints
are designed for use with or without the top strap
being anchored. Others require the top strap always to
be anchored. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for your child restraint. If yours requires that
the top strap be anchored, don’t use the restraint
unless it is anchored properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can be
obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints. Ask the
child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit is
available.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints
also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a
top strap, it should be anchored.
1-39
Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position
where the child restraint will be placed.
Top Strap Anchor Location
If you have an adjustable head restraint, route the top
strap under it.
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready
to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top
strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
The top strap anchors are located on the filler panel
behind the rear seat head restraints. In order to access
the anchors, you’ll have to open the covers.
Do not use a child restraint with a top strap in the right
front passenger’s position because there is no place
to anchor the top strap.
1-40
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System)
This system, designed to make installation of child
restraints easier, does not use the vehicle’s safety belts.
Instead, it uses vehicle anchors (A, B) and child
restraint attachments to secure the restraints. Some
restraints also use another vehicle anchor to secure a
top tether strap (C).
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You’ll find
anchors (A) for the rear seat outboard passenger
positions.
1-41
To assist you in locating the
lower anchors for this child
restraint system, each
seating position with the
LATCH system has a label
on the seatback at each
lower anchor position.
The labels are located near the base of rear outboard
seating positions.
{CAUTION:
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle, you
need a child restraint designed for that system.
If a LATCH-type child restraint isn’t attached to
its anchorage points, the restraint won’t be
able to protect the child correctly. In a crash,
the child could be seriously injured or killed.
CAUTION:
1-42
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Make sure that a LATCH-type child restraint is
properly installed using the anchorage points,
or use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint. See “Securing a Child Restraint
Designed for the LATCH System” or “Securing
a Child Restraint in a Rear Seat Position” in
the Index for information on how to secure a
child restraint in your vehicle.
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System
1. Find the anchors for the seating position you want
to use, where the bottom of the seatback meets the
back of the seat cushion.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach the anchor points on the child restraint to the
anchors in the vehicle. The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
4. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach the top
strap to the top strap anchor. See Top Strap on
page 1-39. Tighten the top strap according to
the child restraint instructions.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
strap from the top tether anchor and then disconnect the
anchor points.
1-43
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-41. See Top Strap
on page 1-39 if the child restraint has one.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the
child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-44
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt
while you push down on the child restraint.
If you’re using a forward-facing child restraint,
you may find it helpful to use your knee to push
down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-45
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH system,
see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for Children
(LATCH System) on page 1-41. See Top Strap on
page 1-39 if the child restraint has one.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in
a rear seat.
1-46
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the child
restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions
that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the
child restraint when and as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger’s
air bag, always move the seat as far back as it will
go before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See Power Seats on page 1-2.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt
while you push down on the child restraint.
You may find it helpful to use your knee to push
down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-47
Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact air bag
systems.
Your vehicle has six air bags:
• A frontal air bag for the driver and another frontal
air bag for the right front passenger,
• a seat mounted side impact air bag for the driver
and another for the right front passenger,
• a roof-mounted side impact air bag for the driver
and passenger directly behind the driver, and
• a roof-mounted side impact air bag for the right
front passenger and the person seated directly
behind that passenger.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating air bag. But these
air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job
and comply with federal regulations.
1-48
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag systems:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash
if you aren’t wearing your safety belt – even if
you have air bags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being
ejected from it. Air bags are “supplemental
restraints” to the safety belts. All air bags are
designed to work with safety belts but don’t
replace them.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to work only in
moderate to severe crashes where the front
of your vehicle hits something. They aren’t
designed to inflate at all in rollover, rear or
low-speed frontal crashes, or in many side
crashes. And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal air bags may provide less
protection in frontal crashes than more
forceful air bags have provided in the past.
The seat-mounted side impact air bags and
roof-mounted side impact air bags are
designed to inflate only in moderate to severe
crashes where something hits the side of your
vehicle. They aren’t designed to inflate in
frontal, in rollover or in rear crashes. Everyone
in your vehicle should wear a safety belt
properly — whether or not there’s an air bag
for that person.
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an
eye. If you’re too close to an inflating air bag,
as you would be if you were leaning forward,
it could seriously injure you. Safety belts help
keep you in position for air bag inflation before
and during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt even with frontal air bags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while still
maintaining control of the vehicle. Occupants
should not lean on or sleep against the door.
1-49
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Air Bag Readiness Light on page 3-38
for more information.
{CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer the best protection for adults, but
not for young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air bag
system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle. To read how,
see the part of this manual called “Older
Children” or “Infants and Young Children.”
Where Are the Air Bags?
There is a air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel, which
shows the air bag symbol.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-50
The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s seat-mounted side impact air bag is in the
side of the driver’s seatback closest to the door.
1-51
The right front passenger’s seat-mounted side impact
air bag is in the side of the passenger’s seatback closest
to the door.
1-52
The side impact air bag for the driver and the person
seated directly behind the driver is in the ceiling above
the side windows.
{CAUTION:
The side impact air bag for the right front passenger
and the person seated directly behind that passenger is
in the ceiling above the side windows.
If something is between an occupant and an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air bag,
and don’t attach or put anything on the steering
wheel hub or on or near any other air bag
covering. And, because your vehicle has side
impact air bags, never secure anything to the
roof of your vehicle by routing the rope or
tiedown through any door or window opening.
If you do, the path of an inflating side impact air
bag will be blocked. The path of an inflating air
bag must be kept clear.
1-53
When Should an Air Bag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.”
In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal air
bags, which adjust the amount of restraint according to
crash severity. For moderate frontal impacts, these
air bags inflate at a level less than full deployment.
For more severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs.
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall
that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level for
the reduced deployment is about 12 to 16 mph
(19 to 26 km/h), and the threshold level for a full
deployment is about 18 to 24 mph (29 to 38.5 km/h).
The threshold level can vary, however, with specific
vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above
or below this range.
1-54
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be
higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not help the occupant.
The side impact air bags are designed to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes. A side impact air bag
will inflate if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can vary
with specific vehicle design. Side impact air bags are
not designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant. A side impact air bag will only deploy
on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
For frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down
in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact
air bags, inflation is determined by the location
and severity of the impact.
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate?
How Does an Air Bag Restrain?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For both
frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware are
all part of the air bag modules inside the steering wheel,
instrument panel, the side of the front seatbacks closest
to the door and the ceiling of the vehicle, near the side
windows.
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel
or the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But the frontal
air bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts, and many side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward the
air bag. Side impact air bags would not help you in many
types of collisions, including frontal or near frontal
collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts, primarily because
an occupant’s motion is not toward those air bags.
Air bags should never be regarded as anything more
than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions for
the driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags,
and only in moderate to severe side collisions for the
side impact air bags.
1-55
What Will You See After an
Air Bag Inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly that
some people may not even realize the air bag inflated.
Some components of the air bag module – the steering
wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, the instrument panel for
the right front passenger’s bag, the side of the seatback
closest to the door for the seat-mounted side impact air
bags and the area along the ceiling of your vehicle near
the side windows – will be hot for a short time. The parts
of the bag that come into contact with you may be warm,
but not too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and
dust coming from the vents in the deflated air bags.
Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from seeing or
being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people
from leaving the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
CAUTION:
1-56
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safeto
do so. If you have breathing problems but can’t
get out of the vehicle after an air bag inflates,
then get fresh air by opening a window or a
door. If you experience breathing problems
following an air bag deployment, you should
seek medical attention.
Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically unlock
the doors and turn the interior lamps on when the air bags
inflate (if battery power is available). You can lock the
doors again and turn the interior lamps off by using the
door lock and interior lamp controls. The hazard warning
flashers will also come on when the air bags deploy.
If you want to turn them off, press the hazard warning
flasher button twice.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate the air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the right front passenger air bag.
• Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for
your air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air
bag system won’t be there to help protect you
in another crash. A new system will include air bag
modules and possibly other parts. The service
manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace
other parts.
• Your vehicle is equipped with an electronic frontal
sensor, which helps the sensing system distinguish
between a moderate frontal impact and a more
severe frontal impact. Your vehicle is also equipped
with a crash sensing and diagnostic module,
which records information about the frontal air bag
system. The module system records information
about the readiness of the system, when the system
commands air bag inflation and driver’s safety
belt usage at deployment or near-deployment crash.
The module also records speed, engine RPM,
brake and throttle data.
• Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
systems. Improper service can mean that an air
bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s
or the right front passenger’s air bag, or the air
bag covering on the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seatback, or the side impact air bag
covering on the ceiling near the side windows, the
bag may not work properly. You may have to
replace the air bag module in the steering wheel,
both the air bag module and the instrument panel
for the right front passenger’s air bag, the air
bag module and seatback for the driver’s and right
front passenger’s seat-mounted side impact air
bags, or side impact air bag module and ceiling
covering for the roof-mounted side impact air bag.
Do not open or break the air bag coverings.
1-57
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle
CAUTION:
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service
manual have information about servicing your vehicle
and the air bag systems. To purchase a service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 7-12.
You can be injured if you are to close to an
air bag when it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped
with yellow tape, yellow coverings or yellow
connectors. They are probably part of the air
bag systems. Be sure to follow proper service
procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
{CAUTION:
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an
air bag can still inflate during improper service.
CAUTION:
1-58
(Continued)
(Continued)
Adding Equipment to Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Q: If I add a luggage carrier or sunroof to the roof
of my vehicle, will it keep the roof-mounted side
impact air bags from working properly?
A:
As long as the luggage carrier or sunroof is
properly installed so that the vehicle’s basic
structure isn’t changed, it’s not likely to keep the
roof-mounted side impact air bags from working
properly in a crash.
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing
its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-59
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system
may not properly protect the person using it,
resulting in serious injury or even death in a
crash. To help make sure your restraint
systems are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts or
LATCH system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt
or LATCH system wasn’t being used at the time of
the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system
earlier in this section.
If the frontal air bags inflate, you’ll also need to replace
the driver’s and right front passenger’s safety belt
buckle assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new buckle
assembly will be there to help protect you in a collision.
1-60
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ...............................................................2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System .........................2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ...........2-5
Doors and Locks .............................................2-8
Door Locks ....................................................2-8
Central Door Unlocking System ........................2-9
Power Door Locks ..........................................2-9
Delayed Locking .............................................2-9
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ..............2-10
Rear Door Security Locks ..............................2-10
Lockout Protection ........................................2-11
Leaving Your Vehicle ....................................2-11
Trunk ..........................................................2-12
Windows ........................................................2-14
Power Windows ............................................2-15
Sun Visors ...................................................2-17
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................2-18
Theft-Deterrent System ..................................2-18
Immobilizer ..................................................2-19
Immobilizer Operation ....................................2-20
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................2-21
New Vehicle Break-In ....................................2-21
Ignition Positions ..........................................2-22
Starting Your Engine .....................................2-24
Engine Coolant Heater ..................................2-25
Automatic Transmission Operation ...................2-26
Manual Transmission Operation ......................2-32
Parking Brake ..............................................2-34
Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transmission) ............................2-35
Shifting Out of Park (P)
(Automatic Transmission) ............................2-37
Parking Your Vehicle
(Manual Transmission) ...............................2-37
Parking Over Things That Burn .......................2-38
Engine Exhaust ............................................2-38
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked ...............................................2-39
Mirrors ...........................................................2-40
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® ............................................2-40
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® and Compass ........................2-40
Outside Power Mirrors ...................................2-43
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror .....................2-44
Outside Convex Mirror ...................................2-44
Outside Heated Mirrors ..................................2-44
2-1
Section 2
Features and Controls
OnStar® System .............................................2-45
HomeLink® Transmitter ...................................2-47
Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter .........2-48
Storage Areas ................................................2-52
Glove Box ...................................................2-52
Cupholder(s) ................................................2-52
Center Console Storage Area .........................2-52
Map Pocket .................................................2-52
2-2
Assist Handles .............................................2-52
Garment Hooks ............................................2-52
Roof Rack Provisions ....................................2-53
Convenience Net ..........................................2-53
Sunroof .........................................................2-54
Vehicle Personalization ...................................2-55
Memory Seat and Mirrors ..............................2-55
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or
other controls or even make the vehicle move.
Do not leave the keys in a vehicle with
children.
2-3
One key works all of
the lock cylinders on
the vehicle.
If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStar system with
an active subscription and you lock your keys inside
the vehicle, OnStar may be able to send a command to
unlock your vehicle. See OnStar® System on page 2-45
for more information.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
Your vehicle has an Immobilizer vehicle theft deterrent
system. The key has a transponder in the key head
that matches a decoder in the vehicle’s steering column.
If a replacement key or any additional key is needed,
you must purchase it from your dealer. The key will
have PK3+ stamped on it. Keep the bar code tag that
came with the original keys. Give this tag to your dealer
if you need a new key made.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle,
you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
In an emergency, contact Cadillac Roadside Assistance.
See Roadside Service on page 7-6.
2-4
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the
left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement” under
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on
page 2-5.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
With this feature, you can lock and unlock the doors or
the trunk and turn on your vehicle’s interior lamps
from about 10 feet (3 m) away using the remote keyless
entry transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
Q (Lock): Press this
symbol on the remote
keyless entry transmitter to
lock the doors. This also
arms the theft-deterrent
system.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
You can program your vehicle so that the exterior lamps
will flash and/or the horn will sound when you lock
the doors with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
See DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-79 for more
information on programming this feature.
2-5
If your vehicle is programmed for remote confirmation,
the doors must be closed for this feature to work.
If a door is open, remote confirmation will be canceled.
W(Unlock):
Press this symbol on the remote
keyless entry transmitter to unlock the driver’s door.
This also disarms the theft-deterrent system. Press the
button again to unlock the rest of the doors.
You can program your vehicle so that the exterior
lamps will flash when you unlock the doors with the
remote keyless entry transmitter. See DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-79 for more information on
programming this feature.
If your vehicle is programmed for remote confirmation,
the doors must be closed for this feature to work.
If a door is open, remote confirmation will be canceled.
L(Panic Alarm):
The remote keyless entry
transmitter comes equipped with an instant panic alarm.
Press the horn symbol when the ignition is turned off.
The horn will sound and the exterior lamps will flash
for up to 30 seconds. To stop the instant panic alarm,
press the symbol again or turn the ignition to ON.
2-6
V (Trunk):
Press this button to open the trunk.
The remote keyless entry transmitter can be used to
recall the memory settings for up to two drivers.
For more information, see DIC Vehicle Personalization
on page 3-79 and Memory Seat and Mirrors on
page 2-55.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock
your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of
four transmitters matched to it.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about four years.
2. Once the transmitter is separated, use a pencil or
similar object to remove the old battery. Do not use
a metal object.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
transmitter.
3. Insert the new battery as the instructions under the
cover indicate.
4. Snap the transmitter back together tightly to be sure
no moisture can enter.
5. Press any button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter to resynchronize the transmitter.
6. Check the operation of the transmitter.
1. Use a flat thin object to pry open the transmitter.
2-7
Doors and Locks
Door Locks
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers — especially children — can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked,
the handle will not open it. You increase
the chance of being thrown out of the
vehicle in a crash if the doors are not
locked. So, wear safety belts properly and
lock the doors whenever you drive.
• Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
help prevent this from happening.
2-8
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
Because your vehicle has the theft-deterrent system,
you must unlock the doors with the key or remote
keyless entry transmitter to avoid setting off the alarm.
If the windows are down and the doors are locked,
don’t reach in to manually unlock the vehicle because
you will set off the alarm.
From the outside, use either the key or the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
From the inside, use the
manual lock levers located
on the door panels near
the windows.
Push down on the manual lock lever to lock the door.
To unlock the door, pull up on the lever.
Central Door Unlocking System
Delayed Locking
Your vehicle has a central door unlocking feature.
When unlocking the driver’s door, you can unlock the
other doors by holding the key in the turned position for
a few seconds or by quickly turning the key twice in the
lock cylinder.
With this feature, you can delay the actual locking
of the doors.
Power Door Locks
The power door lock
switches are located
on the front door panels.
When the power door lock switch or the lock button on
the remote keyless entry transmitter is pressed when
the key is not in the ignition and the driver’s door
is opened, a chime will sound three times indicating that
delayed locking is active.
When all the doors are closed, the doors will lock
automatically after five seconds. If a door is reopened
before five seconds have elapsed, the five second timer
will reset itself once all the doors are closed again.
You can press the door lock switch or the lock button
on the remote keyless entry transmitter again to override
this feature and lock the doors immediately.
Press the bottom part of the power door lock switch to
lock or the top of the switch to unlock all the doors
at once.
You can turn this feature off using the Driver Information
Center (DIC). When delayed locking is off, the doors
will lock immediately when you press the power
door lock switch or the lock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter. See DIC Vehicle Personalization on
page 3-79 for more information.
The rear doors do not have power door lock switches.
You must use the manual levers to lock and unlock
the rear doors when riding in the rear seat.
2-9
Programmable Automatic
Door Locks
If your vehicle has an automatic transmission, your
vehicle is programmed so that when the doors
are closed, the ignition is on and the shift lever is
moved out of PARK (P), all the doors will lock.
The doors will unlock every time you stop the vehicle
and move the shift lever back into PARK (P).
If your vehicle has a manual transmission, the vehicle is
programmed so that the doors will lock automatically
after the vehicle speed reaches 5 mph (8 km). The doors
will not automatically unlock until the ignition is turned
off and the key is removed from the ignition switch.
If someone needs to exit the vehicle once the doors are
locked, have that person use the manual lever or
power door lock switch. When the door is closed again,
it will not lock automatically. Use the manual lever or
the power door lock switch to lock the door.
The power door locks can be programmed through
prompts displayed on the Driver Information
Center (DIC). These prompts allow you to choose
various lock and unlock settings. For more information
on programming, see DIC Vehicle Personalization
on page 3-79.
2-10
Rear Door Security Locks
Your vehicle is equipped with rear door security locks
that prevent passengers from opening the rear doors on
your vehicle from the inside.
The rear door security locks
are located on the inside
edge of each rear door.
You must open the rear
doors to access them.
To use these locks, do the following:
1. Insert your key into the slot next to the rear door
security lock label and turn it to engage the lock.
2. Close the door.
3. Repeat the steps for the other rear door.
The rear doors on your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside when this feature is in use.
When you want to open a rear door when the security
lock is on, do the following:
Lockout Protection
If you press the power door lock switch when the key is
in the ignition and any door is open, all the doors will
lock and only the driver’s door will unlock. If you
close the doors, you can lock them using the remote
keyless entry transmitter. Be sure to remove the
key from the ignition when locking your vehicle.
The anti-lockout feature can be overridden by pressing
the lock button on the remote keyless entry transmitter
or by pressing the power lock switch a second time.
1. Unlock the door using the remote keyless entry
transmitter, the front door power lock switch or
by lifting the rear door manual lock.
Leaving Your Vehicle
2. Then open the door from the outside.
If you are leaving your vehicle, open the door, lock the
vehicle from the inside; then get out and close the door.
To cancel the rear door security lock, do the following:
1. Unlock the door and open it from the outside.
2. Insert your key into the slot next to the rear door
security lock label and turn it to disengage the lock.
3. Repeat the steps for the other lock.
The rear door locks will now work normally.
2-11
Trunk
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can not see or
smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness and
even death. If you must drive with the trunk lid
open or if electrical wiring or other cable
connections must pass through the seal
between the body and the trunk lid:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle. See Climate Control
System in the Index.
• If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-38.
2-12
Trunk Lock Release
The remote trunk release
button is located on the
lower portion of the
driver’s door.
To use this feature, an automatic transmission must be
in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and your manual
transmission must be in NEUTRAL with the parking
brake set.
Press the button to open the trunk. You can also press
the button with the trunk symbol on the remote
keyless entry transmitter to open the trunk.
While the trunk lid is open, a light inside the trunk
will be on.
If your vehicle is ever without power, you can still
access the trunk area. Use one of the following
procedures to open the trunk manually.
If your vehicle is equipped with the rear seat
pass-through door, do the following:
1. Fold the rear armrest down and open the
pass-through door. See “Rear-Seat Pass Through”
following for more information.
To close the panel, push the door up and back into
place. Then try to open the door without pulling up on
the lever to make sure it is locked into place.
Emergency Trunk Release Handle
2. Reach upward through the opening to locate the
trunk release handle.
3. Pull forward on the trunk release handle to open
the trunk lid.
If your vehicle is equipped with the split folding rear
seat, do the following:
1. Fold down the rear seatback. See Split Folding
Rear Seat on page 1-7 for more information.
2. Reach upward through the opening to locate the
trunk release handle.
3. Pull forward on the trunk release handle to open
the trunk lid.
Rear-Seat Pass Through
If your vehicle is equipped with the rear seat-pass
through door, you can access the trunk without opening
the trunk lid. This is especially useful when transporting
long items such as skis.
To open the door, pull down the rear seat armrest.
Then pull the lever all the way down to release the door.
Notice: Using the emergency trunk release handle
as a tie-down or anchor point when securing items in
the trunk may damage it. Use the emergency trunk
release handle only to help you open the trunk lid.
There is a glow-in-the-dark emergency trunk release
handle located on the back wall of the trunk. This handle
will glow following exposure to light. Pull the release
handle toward the front of the vehicle to open the trunk
from the inside.
2-13
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome
by the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with
the windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-14
Power Windows
Express-Down Window
This feature is on all the power windows. Press the
down arrow on the switch to the second position
to activate the express-down feature. If you want to stop
the window as it is lowering, press the down arrow on
the switch again.
Express-Up Window
This feature is on both front power windows. Press the
up arrow on the switch to the second position to
activate the express-up feature. If you want to stop the
window as it is raising, press the up arrow on the
switch again.
The power window switches are located on the armrest
near each window. Press the up or down arrows on
the switches to raise or lower the windows.
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP) that
allows you to use the power windows once the ignition
has been turned off for up to 10 minutes. For more
information, see “Retained Accessory Power (RAP)”
under Ignition Positions on page 2-22.
2-15
Programming the Power Windows
Anti-Pinch Feature
If the battery on your vehicle has been recharged,
disconnected or is not working, you will need to
reprogram each front power window for the express-up
feature to work. Before reprogramming, you will need
to replace or recharge your vehicle’s battery.
If a hand, an arm or another object is above the middle
of the window and is in the path of the window when
the express-up feature is active, the window will stop at
the obstruction and express-open to a factory preset
position.
To program each front window, follow these steps:
1. With the ignition in ACCESSORY, ON or when
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) is active, close
all doors.
2. Press and hold the down arrow on the power
window switch until the window has fully opened.
3. Press the up arrow on the power window switch
until the window is fully closed.
4. Continue holding up arrow on the switch for
approximately two seconds after the window
is completely closed.
The window is now reprogrammed. Repeat the process
for the other front window.
2-16
{CAUTION:
Pressing and holding the power window
control will turn off the anti-pinch feature.
If this happens, a power window won’t stop if
something gets in the way. You or others
could be injured, and your window could be
damaged. Be careful not to press and hold the
power window control.
Window Lockout
This feature allows you to disable the passenger
window switches.
The passenger window
lockout button is located
below the power window
switches on the driver’s
door armrest.
You can program this feature to disable all passenger
windows or only the rear passenger windows. See
DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-79 for more
information.
Sun Visors
Swing down the primary visor to block out glare. It can
also be detached from the center mount and moved
to the side to block glare from that direction.
The driver’s sunshade may also have buttons for a
built-in garage door opener. See HomeLink® Transmitter
on page 2-47 for more information.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Press the button to disable the passenger window
controls. The light on the button will illuminate, indicating
that the feature is in use. The passenger windows still
can be raised or lowered using the driver’s window
switches when the lockout feature is active.
Pull the visor down and lift the cover. The light will
automatically come on. The light will go out when you
close the cover.
To restore power to the passenger windows, press the
button again. The light on the button will go out.
2-17
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal.
Theft-Deterrent System
If your vehicle has this
feature, the security light is
located on the instrument
panel cluster.
If a door or a trunk is opened without a key or a remote
keyless entry transmitter, the horn will sound and the
lamps will flash for up to 30 seconds.
The theft-deterrent system won’t arm if you lock the
doors with a key or use the manual door lock.
It activates only if you use the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
To avoid activating the alarm by accident do the
following:
• The vehicle should be locked with the door key or
the manual door lock after the doors are closed if
you don’t want to arm the theft-deterrent system.
• Always unlock a door with a key or use the remote
If the ignition is off and a door is open, the security
light will flash, reminding you to arm the theft-deterrent
system.
To arm the system, do the following:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door using the remote keyless entry
transmitter or the power door lock switch.
The security light should come on and stay on.
3. Close all the doors. The security light should go off
within approximately 30 seconds.
2-18
keyless entry transmitter. Pressing the unlock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter
disables the theft-deterrent system. Unlocking a
door any other way will activate the alarm when a
door or the trunk is opened.
If you activate the alarm by accident, unlock the driver’s
door with your key. You can also turn off the alarm by
using the unlock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter, or by starting the vehicle with a valid key.
Testing the Alarm
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the window,
then get out of the vehicle, keeping the door open.
2. From outside of the vehicle, with the door open,
lock the vehicle using the power door lock switch
or the remote keyless entry transmitter and
close the door. Wait approximately 30 seconds until
the security light goes off.
3. Reach in and unlock the door using the manual
lock and open the door. The horn will sound and
the exterior lamps will flash.
You can turn off the alarm by unlocking the driver’s door
with your key, using the unlock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter or by starting the car with
a valid key.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, check to
see if the horn works. The horn fuse may be blown.
To replace the fuse, see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 5-94. If the fuse does not need to be replaced, you
may need to have your vehicle serviced.
Immobilizer
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. this device may not cause interference, and
2. this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. this device may not cause interference, and
2. this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
To reduce the possibility of theft, always arm the
theft-deterrent system when leaving your vehicle.
2-19
Immobilizer Operation
Your vehicle is equipped
with a passive
theft-deterrent system.
The system works when you turn the key to ON.
The key uses a transponder that matches an immobilizer
control unit in your vehicle. The correct key will start
the vehicle.
Your vehicle has a special key that works with the
theft-deterrent system. There is a transponder in the key
head. If the key is ever damaged, you may not be
able to start your vehicle.
2-20
When trying to start the vehicle, if the engine does not
start and the security light comes on, the key may
have a damaged transponder. Turn the ignition off and
try again.
If the engine still does not start, and the key appears to
be undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time,
you may also want to check the fuse. See Fuses
and Circuit Breakers on page 5-94. If the engine still
does not start with the other key, your vehicle needs
service. If your vehicle does start, the first key may be
faulty. See your dealer who can service the
theft-deterrent system to have a new key made.
It is possible for the theft-deterrent system decoder to
learn the transponder value of a new or replacement
key. Up to 10 additional keys may be programmed for
the vehicle. This procedure is for learning additional
keys only.
Canadian Owners: If you lose or damage your keys,
only a GM dealer can service the theft-deterrent system
to have new keys made. To program additional keys you
will require two current driver’s keys. You must add a step
to the following procedure. After Step 2, repeat Steps 1
and 2 with the second current driver’s key. Then continue
with Step 3.
1. Verify that the new key has PK3+ stamped on it.
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
2. Insert the current driver’s key in the ignition and start
the engine. If the engine will not start see your dealer
for service.
New Vehicle Break-In
To program a new key do the following:
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to OFF,
and remove the key.
4. Insert the key to be programmed and turn it to ON
within ten seconds of removing the previous key.
5. The security light will turn off once the key has been
programmed. It may not be apparent that the security
light went on due to how quickly the key is
programmed.
6. Repeat the Steps 1 through 4 if additional keys are
to be programmed.
If you are ever driving and the security light comes on and
stays on, you will be able to restart your engine if you turn
it off. The theft-deterrent system, however, is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your
vehicle is not protected by the theft-deterrent system at
this time.
In an emergency, contact Cadillac Roadside Assistance.
See Roadside Service on page 7-6.
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long run
if you follow these guidelines for the first 500 miles
(805 km):
• Do not drive at any one speed — fast or slow.
• Do not exceed 70 mph (113 km/h).
• Do not make full-throttle starts; also refrain
from using the full throttle while driving.
If these procedures are not followed, your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time your new brake
linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops with new
linings can mean premature wear and earlier
replacement. Follow this break-in guideline every
time you get new linings.
Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See Towing a
Trailer on page 4-38 for more information.
2-21
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn the key
to four different positions.
A (OFF): This is the only position in which you can
insert or remove the key. This position locks the ignition,
steering wheel and transmission. It’s a theft-deterrent
feature.
B (ACCESSORY): This position allows you to use
things like the radio and the windshield wipers when the
engine is off. This position will allow you to turn off
the engine, but still turn the steering wheel.
C (ON): This position is for driving. If your vehicle has
an automatic transmission and you turn off the
engine, the transmission will lock. If you need to shift
the transmission out of PARK (P), the ignition key has to
be in ON.
D (START): This position starts the engine.
Notice: If your key seems stuck in OFF and you
can’t turn it, be sure you are using the correct key;
if so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the key
hard. Turn the key only with your hand. Using a
tool to force it could break the key or the ignition
switch. If none of these works, then your vehicle
needs service.
2-22
Key Release Button
(Manual Transmission)
The key cannot be
removed from the ignition
of manual transmission
vehicle unless the
key release button is used.
Steering Column Ignition Lock Release
(Automatic Transmission)
If your vehicle has a dead battery or a battery with low
voltage, you can still release the ignition lock and
remove the key. Use the following procedure to release
the steering column:
To remove the key, do the following:
1. Turn the key to ACCESSORY.
2. Press the button and turn the key to OFF.
Do not hold the button in while turning the key
to OFF.
3. Pull the key straight out of the ignition switch.
1. Locate the plastic screw head on the underside of
the plastic cover for the steering column.
2. Insert a flat, thin object into the slot and turn it until
the plastic piece detaches from the steering column
cover.
2-23
3. Insert a narrow, pointed object into the hole in the
steering column cover and press the spring.
4. Then, turn the ignition switch to OFF and remove
the key.
Notice: Do not try to shift to PARK (P) if your
vehicle is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Manual Transmission
The following accessories on your vehicle may be used
for up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned
from ON to OFF:
The shift lever should be in NEUTRAL and the parking
brake engaged. Hold the clutch pedal to the floor
and start the engine. Your vehicle won’t start if the clutch
pedal is not all the way down – that’s a safety feature.
•
•
•
•
Radio
Power Windows
Audio Steering Wheel Controls (if programmed)
Sunroof (Option)
Power to these accessories stops after 10 minutes or if
a door is opened. If you want power for another
10 minutes, close all the doors and turn the ignition key
to ON and then back to OFF.
Starting Your Engine
Automatic Transmission
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position – that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
2-24
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn
your ignition key to START. Then, let go of the key;
the engine will start automatically. The idle speed
will go down as your engine gets warm.
2. If your engine won’t start (or starts but then stops),
it could be flooded with too much gasoline. Try
pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you turn the key
to START. If the vehicle starts briefly but then stops
again, do the same thing.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine
might not perform properly.
Engine Coolant Heater
Your vehicle may be equipped with an engine coolant
heater.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The cord is located in the engine compartment on the
driver’s side of the vehicle near the engine oil
dipstick. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
You must remove the plastic cap to access the plug.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110 - volt AC outlet.
{CAUTION:
In very cold weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually, the
coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of four
hours prior to starting your vehicle. At temperatures
above 32°F (0°C), use of the coolant heater is not
required.
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord could overheat
and cause a fire. You could be seriously
injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will
not reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away from
moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could be
damaged.
2-25
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
Automatic Transmission Operation
If your vehicle has an automatic transmission, the
shift lever is located on the center console between the
front seats.
There are several different positions for the shift lever.
PARK (P): This position locks the rear wheels.
It’s the best position to use when you start the engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
2-26
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
when you are on fairly level ground, always set
your parking brake and move the shift lever to
PARK (P). See Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic
Transmission) on page 2-35. If you are pulling
a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on page 4-38
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before starting
the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic transmission
shift lock control system. You must fully apply your
regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when
the ignition key is in ON. If you cannot shift out of
PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever. Push the shift
lever all the way into PARK (P) while pressing the button
on the shift lever as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you wish. See Shifting
Out of Park (P) (Automatic Transmission) on page 2-37.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage the transmission.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
At low vehicle speeds, you can also use REVERSE (R)
to rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of
snow, ice or sand without damaging your transmission.
See If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on
page 4-30 for additional information.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, the engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. You can also use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed is dangerous. Unless
your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your
vehicle could move very rapidly. You could
lose control and hit people or objects. Do not
shift into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed.
Notice: Shifting our of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
with the engine racing may damage the
transmission. The repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Be sure the engine is not racing
when shifting your vehicle.
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D): This position is for
normal driving. If you need more power for passing,
and you’re:
• Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push the
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
The transmission will shift down to a lower gear and
have more power.
2-27
Notice: Driving your vehicle if you notice that it is
moving slowly or not shifting gears as you
increase speed may damage the transmission. Have
your vehicle serviced right away. You can drive in
SECOND (2) when you are driving less than 35 mph
(55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) for
higher speeds until then.
FOURTH (4): This position is also used for normal
driving. However, it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D).
Here are examples for using FOURTH (4) instead of
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D).
• When driving on hilly, winding roads.
• When going down a steep hill.
THIRD (3): This position gives you more power. You
can use THIRD (3) on hills. It can help control your
speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then
you would also want to use your brakes off and on.
2-28
If the shift lever is put into THIRD (3), the transmission
won’t shift into THIRD (3) until the vehicle is moving
slowly enough.
SECOND (2): This position gives you even more power
than THIRD (3). You can use it on very steep hills, or
in deep snow or mud. (If the shift lever is put in
SECOND (2), the transmission won’t shift into
SECOND (2) until the vehicle is going slowly enough).
FIRST (1): The transmission will automatically select
this gear when conditions indicate that more power
is needed. You cannot select this gear manually.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle in
one place on a hill using only the accelerator
pedal may damage the transmission. If you are
stuck, do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill,
use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
Shift Lock Release
(Automatic Transmission)
If your vehicle has a dead battery or a battery with low
voltage, you can still shift the vehicle into PARK (P) and
remove the ignition key. Use the following procedure to
release the shift lever:
3. Locate and remove the small oval cap near the
forward, right side of the shifter mechanism.
1. Pull up on the rear part of the leather boot that
surrounds the shift lever.
2. Fold the boot upward to expose the mechanism
beneath the shift lever.
2-29
Sport Mode Button
(Automatic Transmission)
This button allows you to change the driving mode of
the vehicle from the normal driving mode to a sportier
driving mode. In sport mode the vehicle will have firmer
shifting and increased performance.
The sport mode button is
located on the center
console near the
transmission shift lever.
4. Using a narrow, pointed tool, press down on the
mechanism under the cap so that you can move
the shift lever.
Press the button once to turn on the sport mode.
Press the button again to return to normal driving mode.
2-30
This light located on the
instrument panel cluster
will come on while
the sport mode is active.
When driving in sport mode, the transmission may
remain in a gear longer than it would in normal driving
mode. Also, if the transmission is in AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D) when the sport mode button is
pressed, the transmission will immediately downshift
into FOURTH (4) gear to provide more power. Both of
these situations are normal and do not indicate a
transmission problem.
When you turn off the ignition while driving in sport
mode, the vehicle will remain in sport mode. If
your vehicle is equipped with the memory feature, the
transmission mode (sport or normal) will be saved
with the memory seat position. Press the sport mode
button again to turn off the feature and return to normal
driving mode.
Winter Driving Mode Button
(Automatic Transmission)
This feature provides more traction during slippery
conditions by using THIRD (3) gear when you begin
to accelerate from a stopped position.
The winter driving mode
button is located on the
center console near
the transmission shift lever.
Press this button once to turn on the winter driving
mode feature. Press it again to turn the feature off.
The winter driving mode feature works when the vehicle
is in any gear except SECOND (2).
2-31
This light on the instrument
panel cluster will come on
when the winter driving
mode is active.
When you turn off the ignition while using this feature,
winter mode is automatically turned off. The vehicle
will return to normal driving mode. You must reselect the
winter driving mode feature each time you restart the
vehicle if you wish to use the feature.
Manual Transmission Operation
If your vehicle has a manual transmission, the shift lever
is located on the center console between the front
seats. The following explains how to operate the manual
transmission.
This is the shift pattern for
your vehicle.
The transmission will be in THIRD (3) gear when the
vehicle begins to move. Once the vehicle is moving, the
vehicle will upshift normally.
The transmission will downshift when the accelerator
pedal is pressed and held for more than two seconds,
and the vehicle will accelerate more slowly than
normal while using the winter driving mode.
This feature is not intended for continuous use or for
use when the vehicle is stuck in sand, mud, ice, snow or
gravel. If your vehicle becomes stuck, see “Rocking
Your Vehicle” under If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow on page 4-30 for more information on how to
free it.
2-32
FIRST (1): Press the clutch and shift into FIRST (1).
Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press
the accelerator pedal.
You can shift into FIRST (1) when you’re going less than
20 mph (32 km/h). If you’ve come to a complete stop and
it’s hard to shift into FIRST (1), put the shift lever in
NEUTRAL and let up on the clutch. Press the clutch
pedal back down. Then try shifting into FIRST (1) again.
SECOND (2): Press the clutch pedal to the floor as you
let up on the accelerator pedal and shift into
SECOND (2). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as
you press the accelerator pedal.
THIRD (3), FOURTH (4), and FIFTH (5): Shift into
THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5) the same way
you do for SECOND (2). Slowly let up on the clutch
pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
To stop, let up on the accelerator pedal and press the
brake pedal. Before the vehicle comes to a complete
stop, press the clutch pedal and brake pedal, and shift
into NEUTRAL.
NEUTRAL (N): Use this position when you idle the
engine.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up. Press the
clutch pedal and shift into REVERSE (R). Slowly let up on
the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
Use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake, when
you park your vehicle. See Parking Your Vehicle (Manual
Transmission) on page 2-37 for more information.
Shift Speeds (Manual Transmission)
{CAUTION:
If you skip a gear when you downshift, you
could lose control of your vehicle. You could
injure yourself or others. Don’t shift down more
than one gear at a time when you downshift.
Notice: If you skip more than one gear when you
downshift, or if you race the engine when you
release the clutch pedal while downshifting, you
could damage the engine, clutch, driveshaft or the
transmission. Do not skip gears or race the
engine when downshifting.
If the vehicle speed drops below 20 mph (32 km/h), or if
the engine is not running smoothly, you should downshift
to the next lower gear. You may have to downshift two or
more gears to keep the engine running smoothly or for
good performance.
If your vehicle has a manual transmission, in order for you
to remove the key from the ignition, you must press the
key release button on the ignition switch. See “Key
Release Button” under Ignition Positions on page 2-22
for more information.
2-33
Parking Brake
The parking brake pedal is
located on the lower
portion of the instrument
panel to the left of the
steering wheel.
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot and push the parking brake
pedal down with your left foot.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light on
the instrument panel cluster should come on. If it
doesn’t, you need to have your vehicle serviced.
See Brake System Warning Light on page 3-39 for
more information.
To release the parking brake, pull the release lever
located to the left of the steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause premature
wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that
the parking brake is fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
A warning chime will sound if the parking brake is set,
the ignition is on and the vehicle begins to move.
To stop the chime, fully release the parking brake.
If you are towing a trailer and parking on a hill,
see Towing a Trailer on page 4-38 for more information.
2-34
Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transmission)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground, use
the steps that follow. If you are pulling a trailer,
see Towing a Trailer on page 4-38.
To shift into PARK (P), use the following steps:
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
• Press the button on the front of the shift lever as
you push the shift lever all the way toward the
front of your vehicle into PARK (P). Release the
button.
• With your right foot still holding the brake pedal
down, set the parking brake with your left foot.
See Parking Brake on page 2-34 for more
information.
3. Turn the key to OFF.
4. Remove the key from the ignition switch and take it
with you. If you can leave your vehicle with the key
in your hand, the vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-35
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running (Automatic Transmission)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could be injured. Do not leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold
the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can
move the shift lever away from PARK (P) without first
pushing the button on the shift lever. If you can, it means
that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
2-36
Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transmission into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in the
transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the shift lever
out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.” To prevent
torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift into
PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s seat.
To find out how, see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” listed
previously.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of
the pressure from the parking pawl in the transmission,
so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
Shifting Out of Park (P)
(Automatic Transmission)
Parking Your Vehicle
(Manual Transmission)
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition is in ON. See Automatic Transmission Operation
on page 2-26 for more information.
Before you get out of your vehicle, place the shift lever
in REVERSE (R) and firmly apply the parking brake.
Turn the ignition key to OFF, press the release button
and remove the key. See “Key Release Button”
under Ignition Positions on page 2-22 for more
information.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease the pressure
on the shift lever. Push the shift lever all the way
into PARK (P) while pushing the button on the shift lever
as you maintain brake application. Then move the
shift lever into the gear you want. If you ever hold the
pedal down but still can’t shift out of PARK (P), try
the following:
If you are towing a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-38.
1. Turn the ignition key to ACCESSORY. Open and
close the driver’s door to turn off the RAP feature.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
2-37
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
{CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can not see
or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and
death.
{CAUTION:
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
• Your vehicle was damaged when driving
over high points on the road or over road
debris.
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not
park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other
things that can burn.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-38
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
Engine Exhaust on page 2-38.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the climate control fan is at the highest setting.
One place this can happen is a garage.
Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.
NEVER park in a garage with the engine
running.
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle will not move, even when you are on
fairly level ground, always set your parking
brake after you move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle
will not move. See Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transmission) on page 2-35.
If you are parking on a hill and if you are pulling
a trailer, also see Towing a Trailer on page 4-38.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 4-26.
2-39
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar®
Your vehicle may have an automatic dimming inside
rearview mirror. The mirror also contains OnStar®
controls. For more information about OnStar®, see
OnStar® System on page 2-45.
O (On/Off):
This is the on/off button, located on the
lower left side of the mirror, for the automatic dimming
functions of the rearview mirror.
Mirror Operation
The automatic dimming feature is active each time the
vehicle is started.
To turn the automatic dimming feature on or off, press
and release the on/off button. The indicator light will
illuminate when this feature is active.
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause
the liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
2-40
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® and Compass
Your vehicle may have an automatic dimming inside
rearview mirror with a compass. The mirror also contains
OnStar® controls. For more information about OnStar®,
see OnStar® System on page 2-45.
The mirror has an eight-point compass display in the
upper right corner of the mirror face. When on, the
compass automatically calibrates as the vehicle is driven.
O (On/Off): This is the on/off button, located on the
lower left side of the mirror, for the automatic dimming
and compass functions of the rearview mirror.
Mirror Operation
The automatic dimming feature is active each time the
vehicle is started.
To turn the automatic dimming feature on or off, press
and release the on/off button. The indicator light will
illuminate when this feature is active.
Compass Operation
Press the on/off button once to turn the compass
on or off.
When the ignition and the compass feature are on, the
compass will show two character boxes for approximately
two seconds. After two seconds, the mirror will display
the current compass heading.
Compass Calibration
If after two seconds the display does not show a compass
heading (N for North for example), there may be a strong
magnetic field interfering with the compass. Such
interference may be caused by a magnetic antenna
mount, note pad holder or similar object. If the letter C
should ever appear in the compass window, the compass
may need calibration.
The mirror can be calibrated by driving the vehicle in
circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the display reads
a direction.
The compass can be placed in calibration mode by
pressing and holding the on/off button until a C is shown
in the compass display.
Compass Variance
Compass variance is the difference between earth’s
magnetic north and true geographic north. If the mirror
is not adjusted for compass variance, your compass
could give false readings.
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to
compensate for compass variance if you live outside
zone eight. Under certain circumstances, such as a long
distance, cross-country trip, it will be necessary to
adjust the compass variance.
2-41
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance zone
number on the zone map that follows.
3. Once the zone number appears on the display,
press the on/off button quickly until you reach
the correct zone number. Stop pressing the button
and the mirror will return to normal operation.
If C appears in the compass window, the compass
may need calibration. See “Compass Calibration”
listed previously.
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause
the liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a zone
number appears on the display.
2-42
Outside Power Mirrors
Once you select the mirror you want to adjust, use the
arrows on the control pad to move the mirror in the
direction you want the mirror to go. Adjust each mirror
so you can see the side of your vehicle and the
area behind your vehicle.
The mirrors can be manually folded inward to prevent
damage when going through an automatic car wash.
To fold, push the mirror toward the vehicle. To return the
mirror to its original position, push outward. Be sure
to return both mirrors to their original unfolded position
before driving.
The mirrors can also be programmed for personalization
and the curb view assist feature if you have the
optional memory package. For more information, see
Memory Seat and Mirrors on page 2-55 and DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-79.
The control on the driver’s door armrest operates both
outside rearview mirrors.
Press the left mirror symbol on the selector switch to
choose the driver’s side mirror or the right mirror symbol
to choose the passenger’s side mirror. The center
position is off and will not allow the mirrors to move if
the control pad is touched.
2-43
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror
Outside Convex Mirror
If your vehicle is equipped with the memory seat and
mirrors, it will also be capable of performing the
curb view assist mirror feature. This feature will cause
the passenger’s mirror to tilt to a preselected position
when the vehicle is shifted into REVERSE (R). Use this
feature to view the curb when you are parallel parking.
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
When the vehicle is shifted out of REVERSE (R)
and a five-second delay has occurred, the passenger’s
mirror will return to its original position.
If further adjustment is needed after the mirror is tilted,
the mirror controls can be used. See Outside Power
Mirrors on page 2-43 for more information.
This feature can be enabled/disabled through the DIC.
See DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-79 for
more information.
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
Outside Heated Mirrors
When you operate the rear window defogger, it also
warms both outside rearview mirrors to help clear them
of fog or ice. See “Rear Window Defogger” under
Dual Climate Control System on page 3-26 for more
information.
2-44
OnStar® System
OnStar® Services
One of the following plans is normally included for a
specific duration with each vehicle equipped with
OnStar®. You can upgrade or extend your OnStar®
service plan to meet your needs.
OnStar® uses global positioning system (GPS) satellite
technology, wireless communications, and call centers
to provide you with a wide range of safety, security,
information and convenience services.
A complete OnStar® user’s guide and the terms and
conditions of the OnStar® Subscription Service
Agreement are included in your vehicle’s glove box
literature. For more information, visit www.onstar.com,
contact OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827),
or press the blue OnStar® button to speak to an
OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
A completed Subscription Service Agreement is required
prior to delivery of OnStar® services and prepaid
calling minutes are also required for OnStar® Personal
Calling and OnStar® Virtual Advisor use. Terms and
conditions of the Subscription Service Agreement can be
found at www.onstar.com.
Safe and Sound Plan
• Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
• Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Assistance
• AccidentAssist
• Remote Door Unlock
• Remote Diagnostics
• Online Concierge
Directions and Connections Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan services
• Route Support
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
2-45
Luxury and Leisure Plan
• All Directions and Connections Plan services
• Personal Concierge
OnStar® Personal Calling
With OnStar® Personal Calling, you have a safer way to
stay connected while driving. It’s a hands-free wireless
phone that’s integrated into your vehicle. You can place
calls nationwide using voice-activated dialing with no
contracts and no additional roaming charges. To find out
more about OnStar® Personal Calling, refer to the
OnStar® user’s guide in your vehicle’s glove box, or call
OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
2-46
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
With OnStar® Virtual Advisor you can listen to the news,
entertainment and informative topics, such as traffic
and weather reports. You are able to listen and reply to
your e-mail through your vehicle’s speakers.
OnStar® Steering Wheel Controls (CTS)
You can use the steering wheel controls to interact
with the OnStar® system. See the OnStar® manual
provided with your vehicle for more information. Some
steering wheel controls can be programmed to
interact with OnStar®. See Reconfigureable Steering
Wheel Controls (SWC) on page 3-8.
HomeLink® Transmitter
If your vehicle has this
feature, the control buttons
are located on the
driver’s sun visor.
HomeLink®, a combined universal transmitter and
receiver, provides a way to replace up to three
hand-held transmitters used to activate devices such as
gate operators, garage door openers, entry door
locks, security systems and home lighting. Additional
HomeLink® information can be found on the internet at
www.homelink.com or by calling 1-800-355-3515.
If your vehicle is equipped with the HomeLink®
Transmitter, it complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization
to use this equipment.
2-47
Programming the HomeLink®
Transmitter
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
Do not use the HomeLink® Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
feature. This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982. If you have a newer
garage door opener with rolling codes, please be
sure to follow steps 6 through 8 to complete the
programming of your HomeLink® Transmitter.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
Read the instructions completely before attempting to
program the HomeLink® Transmitter. Because of
the steps involved, it may be helpful to have another
person available to assist you in programming the
transmitter.
Keep the original transmitter for use in other vehicles as
well as for future HomeLink® programming. It is also
recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle, the
programmed HomeLink® buttons should be erased for
security purposes. Refer to “Erasing HomeLink® Buttons”
or, for assistance, contact HomeLink® on the internet at:
www.homelink.com or by calling 1-800-355-3515.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door or gate operator you are programming. When
programming a garage door, it is advised to park outside
of the garage.
2-48
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons,
releasing only when the indicator light begins to
flash, after 20 seconds. Do not hold down the
buttons for longer than 30 seconds and do not
repeat this step to program a second and/or third
transmitter to the remaining two HomeLink® buttons.
2. Position the end of your hand-held transmitter about
1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the HomeLink®
buttons while keeping the indicator light in view.
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the desired
button on HomeLink® and the hand-held transmitter
button. Do not release the buttons until Step 4 has
been completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers may
require you to substitute Step 3 with the procedure
noted in “Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming” later in this section.
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and then
rapidly after HomeLink® successfully receives the
frequency signal from the hand-held transmitter.
Release both buttons.
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or “Smart”
button. The name and color of the button may
vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
5. Press and hold the newly-trained HomeLink® button
and observe the indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on constantly, programming
is complete and your device should activate when the
HomeLink® button is pressed and released.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 under “Programming HomeLink®.”
Do not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of the
programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for two seconds
and then turns to a constant light, continue with
Steps 6 through 8 following to complete the
programming of a rolling-code equipped device
(most commonly, a garage door opener).
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold the
programmed HomeLink® button for two seconds,
then release. Repeat the press/hold/release
sequence a second time, and depending on the
brand of the garage door opener (or other rolling
code device), repeat this sequence a third time
to complete the programming.
HomeLink® should now activate your rolling-code
equipped device.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 of “Programming HomeLink®.” Do not
repeat Step 1.
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. This can usually be found where
the hanging antenna wire is attached to the
motor-head unit.
2-49
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to “time out” or quit after several seconds of
transmission. This may not be long enough for
HomeLink® to pick up the signal during programming.
Similarly, some U.S. gate operators are manufactured to
“time out” in the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator by using the
“Programming HomeLink®” procedures (regardless of
where you live), replace Step 3 under “Programming
HomeLink®” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the HomeLink® button while
you press and release every two seconds (cycle) your
hand-held transmitter until the frequency signal has been
successfully accepted by HomeLink®. The indicator light
will flash slowly at first and then rapidly. Proceed with
Step 4 under “Programming HomeLink®” to complete.
2-50
Using HomeLink®
Press and hold the appropriate HomeLink® button for at
least half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons
To erase programming from the three buttons do the
following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons until
the indicator light begins to flash, after 20 seconds.
2. Release both buttons. Do not hold for longer than
30 seconds.
HomeLink® is now in the train (learning) mode and can
be programmed at any time beginning with Step 2 under
“Programming HomeLink®.”
Individual buttons can not be erased, but they can be
reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a Single
HomeLink® Button” next.
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink®
Button
®
Resetting Defaults
To reset HomeLink® to default settings do the following:
®
To program a device to HomeLink using a HomeLink
button previously trained, follow these steps:
1. Hold down the two outside buttons for about
20 seconds until the indicator light begins to flash.
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLink® button.
Do not release the button.
2. Continue to hold both buttons until the HomeLink®
indicator light turns off.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the HomeLink®
button, proceed with Step 2 under “Programming
HomeLink®.”
3. Release both buttons.
For questions or comments, contact HomeLink® at
1-800-355-3515, or on the internet at www.homelink.com.
2-51
Storage Areas
Glove Box
The glove box is located in front of the passenger’s seat
on the instrument panel. To lock the glove box door,
insert your key into the lock cylinder and turn it clockwise.
Turn the key counterclockwise to unlock the door.
Cupholder(s)
Center Console Storage Area
The center console has a storage tray, a storage
compartment for CDs or cassette tapes, a dual cupholder
with a removable rubber liner and an armrest. To access
the storage area, pull up on the latch located at the front
of the armrest.
Map Pocket
The map/storage pockets are located on each door as
well as on the back of the front seatbacks.
Front Seat Cupholders
There are two cupholders for the front seat passengers.
They are located in the center console.
Rear Seat Cupholders
There are two cupholders located in the rear seat center
armrest. Pull the armrest down to access the cupholders.
Assist Handles
The assist handles are located above the rear doors.
Use them to help you enter and exit the vehicle.
Garment Hooks
The garment hooks are part of the assist handles
located above the rear doors.
2-52
Roof Rack Provisions
{CAUTION:
If you try to carry something on top of your
vehicle that is longer or wider than the luggage
carrier — like paneling, plywood, a mattress and
so forth — the wind can catch it as you drive
along. This can cause you to lose control.
What you are carrying could be violently torn
off, and this could cause you or other drivers to
have a collision, and of course damage your
vehicle. You may be able to carry something like
this inside. But, never carry something longer
or wider than the luggage carrier on top of your
vehicle.
Your vehicle has mounting locations for the installation
of a roof rack or luggage carrier. The mounting
locations are located on the roof rail. You must open the
doors to access them. The threaded nuts are covered
with a plastic cap that must be removed before use.
For more information on purchasing the rack/carrier as
well as installation information, contact your dealer.
Convenience Net
The convenience net attaches to the floor and back wall
of the trunk using four anchor points allowing for two
positions. The net can be attached like a hammock
or anchored to lay flat across the floor of the trunk. Put
small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharp turns or
quick starts and stops.
The net is not for larger, heavier loads. Store them in the
trunk as far forward as you can. When not using the net,
hook the net to the tabs securing it to the sill plate.
2-53
Sunroof
This is called the comfort stop position. It provides less
wind noise than the full-open position.
Your vehicle may have a power sunroof.
The sunroof controls are
located on the overhead
console.
A (Full Open): Turn the control clockwise to this
position to open the glass panel all the way. The
sunshade will open with the glass panel, or it can be
opened manually.
I (Vent):
Turn the control counterclockwise to this
position to use the vent feature. The glass panel
will tilt upward from the vehicle. The sunshade must be
opened manually.
? (Close):
Turn the control to this position to close
the sunroof. The sunshade must be closed manually.
@ (Half Open):
Turn the control clockwise to this
position to open the glass panel half way. The sunshade
will open with the glass panel, or it can be opened
manually.
P (Comfort Stop):
Turn the control clockwise to
this position to open the glass panel about three
quarters of the way open. The sunshade will open with
the glass panel, or it can be opened manually.
2-54
Anti-Pinch Feature
If an object is in the path of the sunroof when it is
closing, the anti-pinch feature will detect the object and
stop the sunroof from closing at the point of the
obstruction. The sunroof will then return to the full-open
or vent position. To close the sunroof once it has
re-opened, turn the control to the closed position.
Vehicle Personalization
Memory Seat and Mirrors
If your vehicle has the memory feature, you can
program and recall memory settings for the driver’s
seating and outside rearview mirror driving positions for
up to two drivers.
The buttons for this feature
are located on the driver’s
door armrest.
2. Press and hold button 1 for at least three seconds.
Two beeps will sound to confirm that the seat and
mirror positions have been saved.
3. Repeat the procedure for a second driver using
button 2.
If your vehicle has an automatic transmission, the
vehicle must be in PARK (P) to recall the stored driving
positions. If your vehicle has a manual transmission
and the engine is running, the parking brake must be set
to recall the memory seat driving positions. The stored
driving positions can be recalled without setting the
parking brake if the vehicle is off.
Press one of the numbered memory buttons to recall
the stored setting. Each time a memory button is
pressed, a single beep will sound.
Three chimes will sound and the setting will not be
recalled if you press button 1 or 2 when the vehicle is
not in PARK (P) on an automatic transmission or
the parking brake is not set on a manual transmission.
Use the following steps to program the buttons:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat including the seatback
recliner and both outside mirrors.
If you would like the stored driving positions to be
recalled when unlocking your vehicle with the remote
keyless entry transmitter or when you place the
key in the ignition, see DIC Vehicle Personalization on
page 3-79.
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at any
time, press one of the power seat or mirror controls.
2-55
Two personalized exit positions can also be programmed.
Use the following steps to program exit positions:
1. Press memory seat button 1 or the button with the
unlock symbol on the remote keyless entry
transmitter with the number 1 on the back to recall
the driving position.
2. Adjust the driver’s seat to the desired exit position.
3. Press and hold the exit button located above
buttons 1 and 2 on the driver’s door armrest
for at least three seconds.
Two beeps will sound to confirm that the exit
position has been saved.
4. Repeat the procedure for a second driver using
memory seat button 2 or the remote keyless
entry transmitter with the number 2 on the back.
To recall the stored exit positions, press and release the
exit button. One beep will sound, and the seat will
move to the previously stored exit position for the
2-56
currently identified driver. If an exit position has not
been stored for this driver, the seat will move all the way
back. The position of the outside mirrors is not stored
or recalled for the exit position.
If your vehicle has an automatic transmission, the
vehicle must be in PARK (P) to recall the exit positions.
For a manual transmission, the parking brake must
be set to recall the stored exit positions.
Three chimes will sound and the exit setting will not be
recalled if you press the exit button when the vehicle
is not in PARK (P) on an automatic transmission or the
parking brake is not set on a manual transmission.
If you would like your stored exit position to be recalled
when unlocking the vehicle with the remote keyless
entry transmitter or when the ignition is turned off and
the driver’s door is opened, see DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-79.
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ...............................3-4
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................3-6
Other Warning Devices ...................................3-7
Horn .............................................................3-7
Tilt Wheel .....................................................3-7
Reconfigureable Steering Wheel
Controls (SWC) ..........................................3-8
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................3-9
Windshield Wiper Lever .................................3-16
Cruise Control ..............................................3-19
Exterior Lamps .............................................3-20
Interior Lamps ..............................................3-22
Accessory Power Outlets ...............................3-24
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter ........................3-25
Climate Controls ............................................3-26
Dual Climate Control System ..........................3-26
Outlet Adjustment .........................................3-31
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ...................3-32
Steering Wheel Climate Controls .....................3-33
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators .............3-34
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................3-35
Speedometer and Odometer ...........................3-36
Tachometer .................................................3-37
Safety Belt Reminder Light .............................3-37
Air Bag Readiness Light ................................3-38
Charging System Light ..................................3-39
Brake System Warning Light ..........................3-39
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light .............3-40
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light ...........................................3-41
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light ......3-41
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ..................3-42
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................3-42
Oil Pressure Light .........................................3-46
Winter Driving Mode Light
(Automatic Transmission) ............................3-47
Sport Mode Light
(Automatic Transmission) ............................3-47
Security Light ...............................................3-48
Fog Lamp Light ............................................3-48
Lights On Reminder ......................................3-48
Cruise Control Light ......................................3-48
Highbeam On Light .......................................3-49
Fuel Gage ...................................................3-49
Driver Information Center (DIC) .......................3-50
System Controls ...........................................3-50
Status of Vehicle Systems .............................3-52
DIC Main Menu ............................................3-57
DIC Warnings and Messages .........................3-61
DIC Vehicle Personalization ............................3-79
3-1
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Audio System(s) ...........................................3-100
Setting the Time .........................................3-100
Radio with CD ............................................3-101
Navigation/Radio System ..............................3-117
Theft-Deterrent Feature ................................3-117
Audio Steering Wheel Controls ......................3-118
3-2
Understanding Radio Reception ....................3-119
Care of Your CDs .......................................3-119
Care of Your CD Player ...............................3-119
Diversity Antenna System .............................3-120
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System
(48 Contiguous US States) ........................3-120
✍ NOTES
3-3
Instrument Panel Overview
3-4
The main components of the instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-31.
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-9.
C. Reconfigurable Steering Wheel Controls. See
Reconfigureable Steering Wheel Controls (SWC) on
page 3-8.
D. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 3-35.
E. Windshield Wiper Lever. See Windshield Wiper
Lever on page 3-16.
F. Hazard Warning Flasher Button. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 3-6.
G. Audio/Navigation System. See Audio System(s) on
page 3-100.
H. OnStar® Button (Base Radio) or Voice Recognition
Button (Navigation System). See Audio Steering
Wheel Controls on page 3-118.
I. Audio Volume Knob and Source Button. See Audio
Steering Wheel Controls on page 3-118.
J. Storage Compartment or Ashtray. See Ashtrays and
Cigarette Lighter on page 3-25.
K. Transmission Shift Lever. See Automatic
Transmission Operation on page 2-26 or Manual
Transmission Operation on page 2-32.
L. Accessory Power Outlet or Cigarette Lighter. See
Accessory Power Outlets on page 3-24 or Ashtrays
and Cigarette Lighter on page 3-25.
M. Climate Control System. See Dual Climate Control
System on page 3-26.
N. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 2-52.
3-5
Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard warning button
is located in the center of
the instrument panel,
between the two air vents.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off. The light in the center of the
button will flash, indicating that the hazard warning
flashers are on. Press the button again to turn the
flashers off.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front
and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
3-6
When the hazard warning flashers are on, neither your
turn signals nor your Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
will work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
Horn
Press on the pad near the horn symbols on the steering
wheel to sound the horn.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. You can raise it to the highest level
to give your legs more room when you exit and enter the
vehicle.
The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel is
located on the left side of the steering column.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the
lever. Then move the steering wheel to a comfortable
position and release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
3-7
Reconfigureable Steering Wheel
Controls (SWC)
This feature allows you to customize the four steering
wheel controls to work with the OnStar®, the climate
control, audio and traction control systems.
The controls for this
feature are located on the
left spoke of the steering
wheel.
If your vehicle is equipped with the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Access the main menu of the audio system by
pressing the TUNE/SEL knob located at the
lower right of the audio system.
2. Scroll through the menu by turning the knob.
3. When SETUP appears on the display, press the
knob once to select it.
4. Scroll through the SETUP menu by turning the knob.
5. When CONFIGURE SWC KEYS appears on the
display, press the knob once to select it.
6. Scroll through the buttons (1, 2, 3 or 4). When you
reach the control you wish to program, press the
knob once to select it.
7. Choose a new function for the control by scrolling
through the list of available functions.
To program one of these controls, use one of the
following procedures:
8. Once you’ve highlighted your choice, press the
knob once to select it.
The control you selected is now programmed with
the function you selected.
9. Press the BACK button to exit each menu. If you
desire to program another control, repeat the
procedure.
3-8
If your vehicle is equipped with the Navigation system,
do the following:
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
1. Press the MAIN button located to the lower left of
the display.
2. Press the multi-function button next to the Setup
prompt at the right of the display.
3. Press the multi-function button next to Prog SWC
located at the right of the screen.
4. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob to scroll through the
available functions.
5. Once the function desired is highlighted, press and
hold the multi-function button next to the control you
wish to program (1, 2, 3 or 4). The buttons are
located at the right of the display.
When a control is successfully programmed, the
function you selected will appear next to the number
of the control at the right of the display.
6. Press the multi-function button next to the Back
prompt to exit each menu. If you desire to program
another control, repeat the procedure.
Each function can only be used once. When you program
a control with a function, that function is removed from the
list of functions available. It will return to the list if you
remove it from the SWC it is programmed to by
programming another function to that control.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
Headlamps
Headlamp High/Low Beam-Changer
Flash-To-Pass Feature
Fog Lamps
Cruise Control
For more information on the exterior lamps,
see Exterior Lamps on page 3-20.
3-9
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
Turn Signal On Chime
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or
down. The lever returns automatically when the turn is
complete.
If the turn signal is left on for about 1 mile (1.6 km),
a warning chime will sound and the Turn Signal
On message will appear on the Driver Information
Center (DIC) display. See “Turn Signal On Message”
under DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-61
for more information.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the
turn or lane change.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Push forward on the turn signal/multifunction lever to
change the headlamps from low to high beam.
Pull the lever back and then release it to change from
high to low beam.
Raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash
to signal a lane change. Hold it there until the lane
change is complete. The lever returns to its original
position when it’s released.
Arrows that flash rapidly when signaling for a turn or
lane change may be caused by a burned-out signal bulb.
Other driver’s won’t see the signal.
Replace burned-out bulbs to help avoid possible
accidents. Check the fuse and for burned-out bulbs if
the arrow fails to work when signaling a turn. See Fuses
and Circuit Breakers on page 5-94 for more information.
3-10
This light on the instrument
panel cluster will be on,
indicating high-beam
usage.
Flash-To-Pass Feature
The exterior lamp control has four positions:
This feature allows you to use the high-beam headlamps
to signal the driver in front of you that you want to pass.
O (On/Off):
Pull and hold the turn signal/multifunction lever toward
you to use this feature. When you do, the following
will occur:
AUTO (Automatic): Turn the control to this position to
put the headlamps in automatic mode. AUTO mode
will turn the exterior lamps on and off depending upon
how much light is available outside of the vehicle.
• If the headlamps are either off, in low-beam or in
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) mode, the
high-beam headlamps will turn on. They’ll stay on as
long as you hold the lever there. Release the lever to
turn them off.
• If the headlamps are in high-beam mode, they will
switch to low beam. To return to high-beam, push the
lever away from you.
Headlamps
The exterior lamp control is located in the middle of the
turn signal/multifunction lever.
O(Exterior Lamp Control): Turn the control with this
symbol on it to operate the exterior lamps.
Turn the control to this position to turn off
all lamps except the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).
; (Parking Lamps):
Turn the control to this position
to turn on the parking lamps together with the
following:
•
•
•
•
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
5 (Headlamps): Turn the control to this position to
turn on the headlamps, together with the previously
listed lamps and lights.
3-11
Wiper-Activated Headlamps
Fog Lamps
This feature activates the headlamps and parking lamps
after the windshield wipers have been in use for
about six seconds. For this feature to work, the exterior
lamp control must be in AUTO.
Use the fog lamps for better vision in foggy or misty
conditions.
When the exterior lamp control is off or in the parking
lamp position and the windshield wiper control is in
any position except off, the Headlamps Suggested
message will appear on the DIC display.
See “Headlamps Suggested Message” under DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 3-61 for more
information.
When the ignition is turned to OFF, the wiper-activated
headlamps will immediately turn off. They will also
turn off if the windshield wiper control is turned off.
Headlamps On Reminder
A warning chime will sound if the exterior lamp control
is left on in either the headlamp or parking lamp position
and the driver’s door is opened with the ignition off.
3-12
The fog lamp control is located on the turn
signal/multifunction lever.
-:
The band with this symbol is used to turn the fog
lamps on and off.
The parking lamps must be on for the fog lamps to work.
To turn the fog lamps on, turn the fog lamp band on the
lever up to the dot and release it. The band will
return to its original position.
To turn the fog lamps off, turn the for lamp band up to
the dot and release it. The band will return to its original
position, and the fog lamps will turn off. If you turn on
the high-beam headlamps, the fog lamps will also
turn off. They’ll turn back on again when you switch back
to low-beam headlamps.
Cruise Control
If you apply your brakes, the cruise control will shut off.
These controls are located
on the end of the
multifunction lever.
{CAUTION:
• Cruise control can be dangerous where
•
9(Off): This position turns the system off.
R(On): This position activates the system.
+ (Resume/Accelerate): Push the lever to this symbol
to make the vehicle resume to a previously set speed
or to accelerate when cruise is already active.
T(Set/Decrease): Press this button to set the speed
or to decrease the speed when cruise is already active.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long
trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below
about 25 mph (40 km/h).
you can not drive safely at a steady speed.
So, do not use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause
needless wheel spinning, and you could
lose control. Do not use cruise control on
slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 4-9 and Stabilitrak®
System on page 4-10. When road conditions allow you
to safely use it again, you may turn the cruise control
back on.
3-13
Setting Cruise Control
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired
speed and then you apply the brake. This, of course,
disengages the cruise control. But you don’t need
to reset it.
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when you
are not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you do not want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you
want to use cruise control.
1. Move the cruise control switch to on.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch briefly from on to
resume/accelerate.
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and stay
there.
If you hold the switch at resume/accelerate the vehicle
will keep going faster until you release the switch or
apply the brake. So unless you want to go faster,
don’t hold the switch at resume/accelerate.
3. Press in the set button at the end of the lever and
release it.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
This light on the instrument
panel cluster will come on
while cruise control is on.
3-14
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Press the set button at the end of the lever,
then release the button and the accelerator
pedal. You’ll now cruise at the higher speed.
• Move the cruise switch from on to
resume/accelerate. Hold it there until you get up to
the speed you want, and then release the switch.
To increase your speed in very small amounts,
move the switch briefly to resume/accelerate.
Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
• Press in the button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, briefly press
the set button. Each time you do this, you’ll go
about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will
slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to
keep your speed down. Applying the brake or shifting into
a lower gear will take you out of cruise control. If you
need to apply the brake or shift to a lower gear due to the
grade of the downhill slope, you may not want to attempt
to use your cruise control feature.
Ending Cruise Control
To end a cruise control session, step lightly on the brake
pedal. If your vehicle has a manual transmission, lightly
tapping the clutch will end a cruise control session also.
Stepping on the brake or clutch pedal will end the
current cruise control session only. Move the cruise
control switch to off to turn off the system completely.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
3-15
Windshield Wiper Lever
Windshield Wipers
7 (Mist):
Pull the lever down and release it for a
single wiping cycle. The lever will return to its original
position. For more cycles, hold the lever down before
releasing it.
9 (Off):
Put the lever in this position to turn off the
wipers.
& (Delay):
Put the lever in this position to set a delay
between wipes. Turn the delay adjustment band to
set the length of the delay.
The lever on the right side of the steering column
operates the windshield wipers.
3-16
6 (Low Speed):
Put the lever in this position for
slow, steady wiping cycles.
1 (High Speed): Put the lever in this position for
rapid wiping cycles.
If the windshield wipers are in use for about six seconds
while you are driving, the exterior lamps will come on
automatically if the exterior lamp control is in AUTO.
See “Wiper-Activated Headlamps” listed previously for
more information.
x (Delay Adjustment): Use this band to set the
length of the delay between wipes when using the delay
feature. The closer you move the band toward mist,
the longer the delay. The windshield wiper lever must be
in delay for this feature to work.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
gently loosen or thaw them. If the blades do become
damaged, install new blades or blade inserts. For more
information, see Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
on page 5-56.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools down.
Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
3-17
Windshield Washer
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
The windshield washer button is located at the end of
the windshield wiper lever.
3-18
K (Washer Fluid): Press the button with this symbol
located at the end of the windshield washer lever to
wash the windshield. Washer fluid will squirt onto
the windshield and the wipers will run for a few cycles
to clear the windshield. For more wash cycles, press and
hold the button.
If your vehicle is low on washer fluid, the Check Washer
Fluid message will appear on the Driver Information
Center (DIC) display. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-61 for more information.
If the headlamps are on when you wash the windshield,
the headlamp washers (if equipped) will turn on. Both
the windshield and the headlamps will be washed.
See “Headlamp Washers” following for more information.
Headlamp Washers
Your vehicle may have headlamp washers.
The headlamp washers clear the headlamp lenses
so that you can get the maximum visibility and
brightness from your headlamps.
The headlamp washers are
located on the inboard side
of the headlamp lenses.
The headlamps must be on in order to be washed.
If the headlamps are off, only the windshield will
be washed when the washer button is pressed.
To wash the headlamps, press the washer button
located at the end of the windshield wiper lever.
Both the headlamps and the windshield will be washed.
See “Windshield Washer” listed previously for more
information.
Cruise Control
The controls to operate the cruise control are located on
the turn signal/multifunction lever. See “Cruise Control”
under Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-9
for information.
3-19
Exterior Lamps
Headlamps
See Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-9 for
more information on the headlamps.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short
periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional
daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles
first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will make the turn signal lamps come
on when the following conditions are met:
• It is still daylight and the ignition is in ON or START,
• the exterior lamp control is in OFF or AUTO with the
headlamps off, and
• an automatic transmission is not in PARK (P) or the
parking brake is not set on a manual transmission.
3-20
When DRL are on, only your front turn signal lamps will
be on. No other exterior lamps will be on when the
DRL are being used. Your instrument panel won’t be
lit up either.
When the exterior lamp control is in AUTO and it’s dark
enough outside, the DRL will turn off and the low-beam
headlamps will turn on. When it’s bright enough
outside, the low-beam headlamps will go off, and the
DRL will turn back on. If you start your vehicle in a dark
garage, the automatic headlamp system will come on
immediately. Once you leave the garage, it will take
about one minute for the automatic headlamp system to
change to DRL if it is light outside. During that delay,
your instrument panel cluster may not be as bright
as usual. Make sure your instrument panel brightness
lever is in the full bright position. See “Instrument Panel
Brightness” under Interior Lamps on page 3-22.
If it’s dark enough outside and the exterior lamp control
is off, a Headlamps Suggested message will appear
on the Driver’s Information Center (DIC) display.
This message informs the driver that turning on the
exterior lamps is recommended even though the DRL
are still illuminated. Turning the exterior lamp control to
AUTO or to the low-beam headlamp position will
turn off the DRL and cancel the Headlamps Suggested
message. If the parking lamps or the fog lamps were
turned on instead, the DRL will still turn off and the
Headlamps Suggested message will be displayed.
You can turn it off by pressing the OK button if you have
the Navigation audio system or the CLR button if you
have the Base audio system.
To operate your vehicle with the DRL off, turn the exterior
lamp control off. Then turn on the fog lamps or parking
lamps, and the DRL will turn off. The Headlamps
Suggested message will appear on the DIC display.
This will work regardless of gear position and whether
or not the parking brake is set.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Light Sensor
The light sensor for the DRL and AUTO headlamp
feature is located on top of the instrument panel. If you
cover the sensor, it will read dark, and the exterior
lamps or the Headlamps Suggested message will
appear on the DIC whenever the ignition is on.
3-21
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
Interior Lamps
If the parking lamps or headlamps have been left on,
the exterior lamps will turn off about 10 minutes after the
ignition is turned to OFF. This protects against draining
the battery in case you have accidentally left the
headlamps or parking lamps on. The battery saver
does not work if the headlamps are turned on after the
ignition is turned to OFF.
Instrument Panel Brightness
The lever for this feature is
located on the overhead
console.
If you need to leave the lamps on for more than
10 minutes, use the exterior lamp control to turn the
lamps back on.
Slide the lever toward the symbol to brighten the lights
or away from it to dim them.
If you slide the lever all the way toward the symbol past
the resistance point, the interior lamps will come on.
To turn them off, slide the lever back toward the
minimum brightness setting.
3-22
Entry Lighting
The entry lighting system turns on the reading and
dome lamps and the backlighting to the exterior lamp
control when a door is opened or if you press the remote
keyless entry transmitter unlock button. If activated by
the transmitter, the lighting will remain active for
about 25 seconds. The entry lighting system uses the
light sensor; it must be dark outside in order for the
lamps to turn on. The lamps turn off about 25 seconds
after the last door is closed. They will dim to off if
the ignition key is placed in ON, or immediately
deactivate if the power locks are activated.
Parade Dimming
This feature prohibits dimming of the instrument panel
displays and backlighting during daylight hours when
the key is in the ignition and the headlamps are on.
This feature operates with the light sensor and is fully
automatic. When the light sensor reads darkness
outside and the parking lamps are active, the instrument
panel displays can be adjusted by sliding the instrument
panel brightness lever toward the symbol to brighten
or away from the symbol to dim the lighting.
Reading Lamps
The reading lamps are located on the overhead console.
These lamps come on automatically when any door is
opened.
For manual operation, press the button next to each
lamp to turn it on. Press it again to turn the lamp off.
If the reading lamps are left on, they automatically shut
off 10 minutes after the ignition has been turned off.
3-23
With accessory power outlets, you can plug in auxiliary
electrical equipment such as a cellular telephone or
CB radio.
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods will drain the battery. Always turn
off electrical equipment when not in use and do
not plug in equipment that exceeds the maximum
amperage rating.
The front accessory power outlet is located in the
ashtray on the instrument panel below the climate
control system. The outlet will have a cigarette lighter
if your vehicle has this option. Remove the cigarette
lighter to access the outlet.
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible
with the accessory power outlet and could result
in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a
problem see your dealer for additional information
on accessory power outlets.
The rear accessory power outlet is located on the back
of the center console.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your
vehicle may damage it or keep other components
from working as they should. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Check with your
dealer before adding electrical equipment.
Accessory Power Outlets
Your vehicle may have a small cap that must be
removed to access the accessory power outlet. If it
does, when not using the outlet be sure to cover it with
the protective cap.
The accessory power outlet will only operate when the
ignition is in ACCESSORY or ON and for 10 minutes
after turning the ignition to OFF. If you would like
the accessory power outlet to operate regardless of
ignition position, and for extended periods of time,
you can do the following:
1. Open the hood and locate the underhood fuse block.
2. Find the I/P OUTLET and OUTLET fuses and
move them over a space, to the open cavity
next to each fuse.
3-24
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow the
proper installation instructions included with the
electrical equipment you install.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause
damage not covered by your warranty. Do not
hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket
from the plug because the power outlets are
designed for accessory power plugs only.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
Cigarette Lighter
Your vehicle may have an ashtray and cigarette lighter.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it is
heating will not allow the lighter to back away from
the heating element when it is hot. Damage from
overheating may occur to the lighter or heating
element, or a fuse could be blown. Do not hold a
cigarette lighter in while it is heating.
Notice: If you put papers or other flammable
items in the ashtray, hot cigarettes or other smoking
materials could ignite them and possibly damage
your vehicle. Never put flammable items in the
ashtray.
Ashtray
The ashtray is located under the climate control panel
on the center console. Press on the door to release the
ashtray.
To empty the ashtray, remove it from the center
console by gripping the edges and pulling straight out.
To reinstall, push the tray back into place.
The cigarette lighter is located next to the ashtray.
The vehicle does not have any cigarette lighters for the
rear seat passengers.
Press the lighter all the way in and release it. It will pop
back out by itself once the element has heated for use.
Cigarette lighters can be used to provide power to
accessories. See Accessory Power Outlets on
page 3-24 for more information.
3-25
Climate Controls
Dual Climate Control System
With this system you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation for your vehicle.
Automatic Operation
AUTO (Automatic): When this button is pressed and
the temperature is set, the system will automatically
control the inside temperature, the air delivery mode,
the air conditioning compressor and the fan speed.
AUTO will appear on the display.
3-26
1. Press the AUTO button.
2. Adjust the temperature to a comfortable setting
between 70°F (21°C) and 80°F (27°C).
Choosing the coldest or warmest temperature
setting will not cause the system to heat or cool
any faster. If you set the system at the warmest
temperature setting, the system will remain in
manual mode at that temperature and it will not go
into automatic mode.
In cold weather, the system will start at reduced fan
speeds to avoid blowing cold air into your vehicle
until warmer air is available. The system will
start out blowing air at the floor but may change
modes automatically as the vehicle warms up
to maintain the chosen temperature setting. The
length of time needed for warm up will depend on
the outside temperature and the length of time
that has elapsed since your vehicle was last driven.
3. Wait for the system to regulate. This may take from
10 to 30 minutes. Then adjust the temperature,
if necessary.
You can switch from English to metric units through the
Driver Information Center (DIC). If you have the Base
audio system, see DIC Main Menu on page 3-57. If you
have the Navigation system, see “Setup Menu” in the
Index of the Entertainment and Navigation System
Supplement.
The air-conditioning system removes moisture from the
air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of
water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling
or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
Do not cover the solar sensor located in the center of
the instrument panel, near the windshield. For more
information on the solar sensor, see “Sensors” later in
this section.
Manual Operation
yN z (Mode):
Pressing the MODE switch and
changing the mode cancels automatic operation
and places the system in manual mode. Press AUTO
to return to automatic operation.
To change the current mode, select one of the following:
Y (Vent):
This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
\ (Bi-Level):
This mode directs approximately half of
the air to the instrument panel outlets, and then directs
most of the remaining air to the floor outlets. Some air
may be directed toward the windshield. In automatic
operation, cooler air is directed to the upper outlets and
warmer air to the floor outlets.
[ (Floor):
This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets with some air directed to the outboard
outlets (for the side windows), and a little air directed to
the windshield.
The MODE switch can also be used to select the defog
mode. Information on defogging and defrosting can
be found later in this section.
The outboard air outlets will always receive airflow
regardless of the mode selected. See Outlet Adjustment
on page 3-31 to change this airflow from the outboard
outlets.
3-27
yAz (Fan):
QPWRR (Power/Driver’s Temperature):
If the airflow seems low when the fan speed is
at the highest setting, the passenger compartment air
filter may need to be replaced. For more information,
see Passenger Compartment Air Filter on page 3-32
and Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
QPWRR (Power/Passenger’s Temperature):
Press this switch to increase or
decrease the fan speed. Pressing this switch cancels
automatic operation and places the system in manual
mode. Press AUTO to return to automatic operation.
h (Recirculation): This mode keeps outside air
from coming in the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or to
help heat or cool the air inside your vehicle more quickly.
Press this button to turn the recirculation mode on or off.
The air-conditioning compressor also comes on.
Recirculation is not available in the defrost mode and will
automatically turn off after 10 minutes when defog is
selected.
Using recirculation for long periods of time may cause
the air inside your vehicle to become too dry or stuffy.
To prevent this from happening, after the air in your
vehicle has cooled, turn the recirculation mode off.
3-28
Press the
PWR button located on the driver’s side of the
climate control panel to turn the entire climate control
system on or off. Press the up or down arrow on
the switch to increase or decrease the temperature
inside your vehicle.
Press the PWR button located on the passenger’s side
of the climate control panel to turn the passenger’s
climate control system on. Press the up or down arrow
on the switch to increase or decrease the temperature
for the front passenger.
A/C OFF (Air Conditioning): Press this button to
manually turn off the air conditioning compressor.
Press AUTO to return to automatic operation or press
the A/C OFF button again.
Sensors
There is a solar sensor located on the instrument panel,
near the windshield.
There is also an interior
temperature sensor
located to the right of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
These sensors monitor the solar radiation and the
air inside your vehicle, then use the information to
maintain the selected temperature by initiating needed
adjustments to the temperature, the fan speed and
the air delivery system. The system may also supply
cooler air to the side of the vehicle facing the sun.
The recirculation mode will also be activated, as
necessary. Do not cover the sensors or the automatic
climate control system will not work properly.
3-29
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity
(moisture) condensing on the cool window glass.
This can be minimized if the climate control system is
used properly. There are two modes to clear fog
from your windshield. Use the defog mode to clear the
windows of fog or moisture and warm the passengers.
Use the defrost mode to remove fog or frost from
the windshield more quickly.
yN z (Mode):
Press this button until defog appears
on the display.
- (Defog):
This mode directs the air between the
windshield, floor outlets and side windows. When you
select this mode, the system turns off recirculation
and runs the air-conditioning compressor unless
the outside temperature is at or below freezing.
The recirculation mode is cancelled when you enter
defog mode. If you select recirculation while in defog
mode, it will be cancelled after 10 minutes.
3-30
If you have fogging on the side windows, turn the
thumbwheel on the outboard outlets to the side window
defog position. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-31
for more information.
0 (Defrost):
Pressing defrost directs most of the
air to the windshield, with some air directed to the side
windows. In this mode, the system will automatically
turn off recirculation and run the air-conditioning
compressor, unless the outside temperature is at or
below freezing. Recirculation cannot be selected while
in the defrost mode.
This mode may also cause the fan speed and air
temperature to increase.
If you have fogging on the side windows, turn the
thumbwheel on the outboard outlets to the side window
defog position. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-31
for more information. Do not drive the vehicle until all
the windows are clear.
Rear Window Defogger
Outlet Adjustment
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog or frost from the rear window.
The rear window defogger will only work when the
ignition is in ON.
= (Rear Window Defogger):
Press this button to
turn the rear window defogger on or off. Be sure to clear
as much snow from the rear window as possible.
The rear window defogger will turn off about 10 minutes
after the button is pressed. Or, if the vehicle’s speed
is above 30 mph (48 km/h), the rear defogger will stay
on continuously. If turned on again, the defogger
will only run for about five minutes before turning off.
The defogger can also be turned off by pressing
the button again or by turning off the engine.
Use the knobs located in the center of each outlet to
change the direction of the airflow. Use the thumbwheels
to open or close the outlets.
Use the thumbwheel on
the front outboard outlets
to select from the
following positions.
The heated outside rearview mirrors will heat to help
clear fog or frost from the surface of the mirror when the
rear window defogger button is on.
Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to
clear the inside rear window may damage the rear
window defogger. Repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Do not clear the inside of the rear
window with sharp objects.
3-31
j (Side Window Defog):
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
k (Open):
The passenger compartment air filter traps most of the
pollen from the air entering your vehicle. Like your
vehicle’s engine air cleaner/filter, it needs to be changed
periodically. For how often to change the passenger
compartment air filter, see Scheduled Maintenance on
page 6-4.
Turn the thumbwheel to this
symbol to use the side window defog setting. The air
coming through the outlets will be directed toward
the side windows to clear fog.
Turn the thumbwheel to this symbol to
open the outlets completely and allow the maximum
amount of air to enter your vehicle. A small amount of air
will still be directed to the side windows.
l (Closed):
Turn the thumbwheel to this symbol to
close the outlets and minimize the amount of air entering
the vehicle.
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
•
•
•
inlets at the base of the windshield that may
block the flow of air into your vehicle.
Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the system.
Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects
to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more
effectively.
If the airflow seems low when the fan speed is at
the highest setting, the passenger compartment
air filter may need to be replaced. For more
information, see Passenger Compartment Air Filter
on page 3-32.
3-32
The passenger compartment air filter is located
underneath the hood below the windshield wiper arm
on the passenger’s side of the vehicle. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for more
information on location.
Use the procedure listed below to replace the passenger
compartment air filter:
1. Turn the ignition to ON with the engine off.
2. Turn on the windshield wipers and turn them off
again when the wipers are in the out-wipe position.
The wipers will be straight up and down on the
windshield.
This will allow you access to the leaf screen under
which is located the passenger compartment
air filter.
Steering Wheel Climate Controls
There are four controls that can be programmed for use
with the climate control system.
The controls are located
on the left side of the
steering wheel.
3. Open the hood to access the engine compartment.
See Hood Release on page 5-11 for more
information.
4. Remove the four screws that hold the leaf screen in
place and lift off the screen by lifting and sliding
toward the center of the vehicle.
5. Pull out on the two tabs located on each end of the
filter cover.
See Reconfigureable Steering Wheel Controls (SWC)
on page 3-8 for more information on programming these
controls.
6. Lift the filter cover off by pulling it straight upward.
7. Remove the old filter and insert a new one.
Make sure the arrow on the filter is pointing toward
the passenger compartment.
See Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts on
page 6-15 for the correct part number for the filter.
8. Reverse Steps 1 through 6 to reinstall the cover.
3-33
Warning Lights, Gages and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause
an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention
to your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the engine
just to let you know they’re working. If you are familiar
with this section, you should not be alarmed when
this happens.
3-34
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages
and warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays
on when you are driving, or when one of the gages
shows there may be a problem, check the section that
tells you what to do about it. Follow this manual’s
advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly – and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning
lights and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information Center (DIC)
that works along with the warning lights and gages.
See Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 3-50 for
more information.
Instrument Panel Cluster
The instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using and many of the other things you’ll need to know to drive safely
and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar
3-35
Speedometer and Odometer
The speedometer lets you see your speed in either
miles per hour (mph) or kilometers per hour (km/h).
The odometer shows how far your vehicle has been
driven, in either miles (used in the United States)
or kilometers (used in Canada).
You may wonder what happens if a vehicle has to have
a new odometer installed. The new one may read
the correct mileage. This is because your vehicle’s
computer has stored the mileage in memory.
Trip Odometers
The trip odometer can record the number of miles or
kilometers traveled for up to two trips.
The trip odometer is part of the Driver Information
Center (DIC). To access the trip odometer, use one of
the following procedures:
Using the Base audio system, do the following:
1. Press the INFO (Information) button located to the
right of the screen to access the DIC menu.
2. Scroll through the menu using the up or down arrows
on the INFO button until you reach Trip Odometer A
or Trip Odometer B.
The selected trip odometer (A or B) will be displayed
at the top of the screen with the accumulated mileage.
3. Repeat the steps to view the other trip odometer.
3-36
You can reset the selected trip odometer by pressing
CLR (Clear) button located in the center of the
INFO button to the right of the screen. The mileage
for that trip odometer will return to zero. Each trip
odometer must be reset individually.
Using the Navigation audio system, do the following:
1. Press the INFO button located on the left side of the
screen to access the Vehicle Information menu.
2. Scroll through the menu using the TUNE/SEL knob
located to the lower right of the screen until you
reach Trip Odometer A or Trip Odometer B.
3. Select the menu item by pressing the TUNE/SEL
knob once.
The selected trip odometer (A or B) will be displayed
at the top of the screen with the accumulated
mileage.
4. Repeat the steps to view the other trip odometer.
You can reset the selected trip odometer by pressing
multi-function button next to Reset in the upper
right corner of the screen. The mileage for that trip
odometer will return to zero. Each trip odometer must
be reset individually.
Engine Speed Limiter
Tachometer
This gage indicates the
engine speed in
revolutions per
minute (rpm).
This feature prevents the engine from operating at
too many revolutions per minute (rpm). When the
engine’s rpm are too high, the throttle is closed to
reduce speed, if this is not sufficient, then the fuel
supply to the engine will be limited. When the rpms
return to normal, the fuel supply will return to normal.
This helps prevent damage to the engine.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
Notice: If you operate the engine with the
tachometer in the shaded warning area, your vehicle
could be damaged, and the damages would not be
covered by your warranty. Do not operate the engine
with the tachometer in the shaded warning area.
When the key is turned to ON or START, a chime will
come on for several seconds to remind people to fasten
their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for several seconds,
then it will flash for
several more.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
3-37
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.
The system check includes the air bag sensors, the air
bag modules, the wiring and the diagnostic module.
For more information on the air bag system, see Air Bag
Systems on page 1-48.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash
for a few seconds.
Then the light should go
out. This means the
system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air
bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
3-38
{CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help
avoid injury to yourself or others, have your
vehicle serviced right away if the air bag
readiness light stays on after you start your
vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
If there is a problem with the air bag system in your
vehicle, the Service Air Bag message will appear on
the DIC display. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 3-61 for more information.
Charging System Light
When you turn the key to
ON or START, this light
will come on briefly
to show that the generator
and battery charging
systems are working
properly.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two
parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still
work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need
both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
If this light stays on, your vehicle needs service. You
should take your vehicle to the dealer at once. To save
your battery until you get there, turn off all accessories.
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to ON. If it doesn’t come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
3-39
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake.
The light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t
release fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is
fully released, it means you have a brake problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the
floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on,
have the vehicle towed for service. See Towing
Your Vehicle on page 4-31.
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light is
on. Driving with the brake system warning light
on can lead to an accident. If the light is still
on after you have pulled off the road and
stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed for
service.
3-40
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, the light will come
on when your engine is
started and may stay on
for several seconds.
That’s normal.
If the ABS warning light comes on and stays on, there
may be a problem with the antilock portion of the
brake system. If the red BRAKE light is not on, you still
have brakes, but you don’t have antilock brakes.
See Brake System Warning Light on page 3-39.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. If the light
comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as
possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine
again to reset the system. If the light still stays on,
or comes on again while you’re driving, your vehicle
needs service. If the regular brake system warning light
isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have
anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system warning
light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes
and there’s a problem with your regular brakes.
See Brake System Warning Light on page 3-39.
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light
If the TC (traction control)
warning light comes on
and stays on, there may
be a problem with the
traction control system.
The TC (traction control) warning light will come on
briefly when you turn the ignition to ON. If it doesn’t
come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn
you if there is a problem.
The light will also come on if you turn the traction
control system off using the TC (traction control) on/off
button located in the glove box.
If the TC (traction control) warning light stays on or comes
on while you are driving, pull off the road as soon as
possible and stop carefully. Try resetting the system by
turning the ignition off then back on. If the light still stays
on or comes back on again while you are driving, your
vehicle needs service. Have the traction control system
inspected as soon as possible. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-9 for more information.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
This light tells you that
your engine is very hot.
This light will come on when you first start the vehicle
as a check to let you know that the light is working.
It will go out after a few seconds. If the light does not
come on, the bulb may be burned out. See your dealer
for assistance in changing the bulb.
If the light does not go out or if the light comes on
and stays on while you are driving, your vehicle may have
a problem with the cooling system. You should stop the
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible to
avoid damage to the engine. A warning chime will sound
when this light is on, also.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-30.
3-41
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the
engine coolant
temperature. If the gage
pointer moves into
the shaded area, the
engine is too hot.
That reading means the same thing as the warning
light – the engine coolant is very hot. See Engine
Overheating on page 5-30.
3-42
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board DiagnosticsSecond Generation) and is intended to assure that
emissions are at acceptable levels for the life of
the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment.
The Check Engine light comes on to indicate that
there is a problem and service is required. Malfunctions
often will be indicated by the system before any
problem is apparent. This may prevent more serious
damage to your vehicle. This system is also designed to
assist your service technician in correctly diagnosing
any malfunction.
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this
light on, after a while, your emission controls
may not work as well, your fuel economy may not
be as good and your engine may not run as
smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that
may not be covered by your warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transmission, exhaust, intake or fuel system of your
vehicle or the replacement of the original tires
with other than those of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
This light should come on, as a check to show you
it is working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light does not come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one of
two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system
on your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be
required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Diagnosis and service may be required.
3-43
If the Light is Flashing
If the Light Is On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
•
•
•
•
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart
the engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the
Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and see your dealer for
service as soon as possible.
3-44
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully
install the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-7.
The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing
fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See Gasoline Octane on page 5-4. Poor fuel quality will
cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling
when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation
on acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the
light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has the
proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix any
mechanical or electrical problems that may have
developed.
Emissions Inspection and
Maintenance Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
registration.
Here are some things you need to know to help your
vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
Check Engine light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
OBD (on-board diagnostic) system determines that
critical emission control systems have not been
completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle
would be considered not ready for inspection.
This can happen if you have recently replaced your
battery or if your battery has run down. The diagnostic
system is designed to evaluate critical emission
control systems during normal driving. This may take
several days of routine driving. If you have done this and
your vehicle still does not pass the inspection for lack
of OBD system readiness, your GM dealer can prepare
the vehicle for inspection.
3-45
Oil Pressure Light
This light tells you if there
could be a problem with
your engine oil pressure.
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
If you do, your engine can become so hot that
it catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
3-46
The light goes on when you turn your key to ON or
START. It goes off once you start your engine. That’s a
check to be sure the light works. If it doesn’t come
on, be sure to have it fixed so it will be there to warn
you if something goes wrong.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means that oil
isn’t flowing through your engine properly. You could
be low on oil and you might have some other system
problem.
Winter Driving Mode Light
(Automatic Transmission)
This light will come on
when the winter driving
mode feature is in use.
When you turn off the winter driving mode feature, the
light will go out. If it stays on, your vehicle may need
service. See your dealer. See “Winter Driving Mode”
under Automatic Transmission Operation on page 2-26
for more information.
Sport Mode Light
(Automatic Transmission)
This light will come on
while the sport mode is
in use.
When you turn off the sport mode, the light will go out.
If it stays on, your vehicle may need service. See your
dealer. See “Sport Mode” under Automatic Transmission
Operation on page 2-26 for more information.
3-47
Security Light
Lights On Reminder
For information
regarding this light,
see Theft-Deterrent System
on page 2-18.
Fog Lamp Light
This light will come on
when the fog lamps
are in use.
This light comes on
whenever the parking
lamps are on.
See “Headlamps On Reminder” under Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-9 for more
information.
Cruise Control Light
This light comes on
whenever you set your
cruise control.
The light will go out when the fog lamps are turned off.
See “Fog Lamps” under Turn Signal/Multifunction
Lever on page 3-9 for more information.
The light will go out when the cruise control is turned
off. See “Cruise Control” under Turn Signal/Multifunction
Lever on page 3-9 for more information.
3-48
Highbeam On Light
This light comes on
whenever the high-beam
headlamps are on.
If the fuel supply gets low, the Fuel Level Low message
will appear on the DIC and a single chime will sound.
Here are a few concerns some owners have had about
the fuel gage. All of these situations are normal and
do not indicate that anything is wrong with the fuel gage:
• At the gas station the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads full.
• The gage may change when you turn, stop quickly
or accelerate quickly.
See “Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer” under
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-9 for more
information.
Fuel Gage
• It takes a little more or less fuel to fill the tank than
the gage indicated. For example, the gage may
have indicated that the tank was half full, but
it actually took a little more or less than half the
tank’s capacity to fill the tank.
The fuel gage shows
approximately how much
fuel is in the tank. It
works only when the
ignition is in ON.
3-49
Driver Information Center (DIC)
The DIC gives you the status of many of your vehicle’s
systems. It is also used to display driver personalization
features and warning/status messages. All messages
will appear on the audio system display which is also the
display for the Navigation system.
System Controls
If you have the Base audio system, use the following to
operate the DIC:
INFO (Information): Use the up or down arrows on this
switch to scroll through the system status information.
CLR (Clear): Press this button to clear DIC messages
and to reset DIC items to zero. This button is also
used to exit out of a menu. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-61 and Status of Vehicle Systems
on page 3-52 for more information.
TUNE/SEL (Select) Knob: Once a menu is displayed,
use the knob located to the lower right of the display
to scroll through the menu items and/or select them.
To scroll through the menu items, turn the knob.
Once an item is highlighted, press the knob once to
select it.
Base Audio System
3-50
If you have the Navigation system, use the following to
operate the DIC:
INFO (Information): Use this button to access the
Vehicle Information menu that provides the status
of various vehicle systems. See “Vehicle Information
Menu (Navigation System)” under Status of Vehicle
Systems on page 3-52.
TUNE/SEL (Select) Knob: See the information listed
previously on this knob. It is equivalent to the TUNE/SEL
knob on the Base audio system and is located in the
same place.
Navigation/Audio System
Press the button with the circle on it when it is next to a
menu item or a prompt on the right side of the display
to select the menu item or acknowledge the prompt.
See “Status Menu Item Descriptions” under Status
of Vehicle Systems on page 3-52.
3-51
Status of Vehicle Systems
You can view the status of several vehicle systems using
the DIC. Depending upon whether or not your vehicle has
the Navigation system, the menu items will vary slightly.
Vehicle Information Menu
(Base Audio System)
To access this menu using the Base audio system,
press the up or down arrow on the INFO switch located
to the right of the display.
The following items are available:
•
•
•
•
•
BLANK LINE
OUTSIDE TEMP
MI TRIP A*
MI TRIP B*
MILES RANGE
3-52
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
MPG AVG*
MPG INST
GAL FUEL USED*
AVG MPH*
TIMER*
BATTERY VOLTS
ENGINE OIL LIFE*
TRANS FLUID LIFE*
(Automatic Transmission Only)
* These items can be reset. Each one must be reset
individually. For a detailed description of the menu items
and how to reset them, see “Vehicle Information
Menu Item Descriptions” later in this section.
You can view any of these items at any time, but only
one item can be displayed at a time.
Vehicle Information Menu
(Navigation System)
To access the Vehicle Info menu using the Navigation
system, press the INFO button to the left of the
screen. You can also access this menu through the
Setup menu. See “Setup Menu” in the Index of the CTS
Entertainment and Navigation System owner’s manual.
The following submenu appears when Vehicle Info
is selected:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Outside Air Temperature
Trip Odometer A*
Trip Odometer B*
Fuel Range
Average Fuel Economy*
•
•
•
•
•
Average Vehicle Speed*
Timer*
Battery Voltage
Engine Oil Life*
Transmission Fluid Life*
(Automatic Transmission Only)
• Blank Display
* These items can be reset. Each one must be reset
individually. For a detailed description of the menu items
and how to reset them, see “Vehicle Information Menu
Item Descriptions” following.
You can view any of these submenu items at any
time by selecting them using the TUNE/SEL knob.
The currently selected item is displayed at the top of
the screen. Only one item can be displayed at a time.
Instantaneous Fuel Economy
Fuel Used*
3-53
Vehicle Information Menu Item
Descriptions
To reset the MPG AVG using the Base audio system,
press the CLR button located to the right of the screen.
The display will return to zero.
The following paragraphs contain a more detailed
description of each menu item:
To reset the Average Fuel Economy using the Navigation
system, press and hold the multi-function button that
corresponds to the Reset prompt in the upper right of the
display. The display will return to zero.
BLANK LINE/Blank Display: If you select this item,
nothing is displayed at the top of the screen.
OUTSIDE TEMP/Outside Air Temperature: If you
select this item, the current outside temperature
is displayed at the top of the screen. It will be in either
degrees Fahrenheit or degrees Celsius depending
upon whether the system is set for English or metric
units. If you wish to change the units on the Base audio
system, see DIC Main Menu on page 3-57. If you
have the optional Navigation System and wish to change
the units, see “Setup Menu” in the Index of the CTS
Entertainment and Navigation System owner’s manual.
MI TRIP A and B/Trip Odometer A and B: For
information on the trip odometers, see “Trip Odometers”
under Speedometer and Odometer on page 3-36.
MPG AVG/Average Fuel Economy: If you select this
item, the approximate average miles per gallon (mpg) or
liters per 100 kilometers is displayed. This number is
calculated based on the number of mpg (L/100 km)
recorded since the last time this menu item was reset.
3-54
MPG INST/Instantaneous Fuel Economy: If you
select this item, the current fuel economy is displayed.
This number reflects only the fuel economy that the
vehicle has right now and will change frequently
as driving conditions change. Unlike average fuel
economy, this menu item cannot be reset.
GAL FUEL USED/Fuel Used: If you select this item,
the number of gallons or liters of fuel used since the
last reset of this menu item is displayed.
To reset GAL FUEL USED using the Base audio system,
press the CLR button located to the right of the screen.
The display will return to zero.
To reset Fuel Used using the Navigation system, press
and hold the multi-function button that corresponds to the
Reset prompt in the upper right of the display. The display
will return to zero.
MILES RANGE/Fuel Range: If you select this item, the
approximate number of remaining miles or kilometers
you can drive without refueling is displayed. This
estimate is based on the current driving conditions and
will change if the driving conditions change. For
example, if you are driving in traffic making frequent
stops, the display may read one number, but if you enter
the freeway, the number may change even though
you still have the same amount of gas in the gas tank.
This is because different driving conditions produce
different fuel economies. Generally, freeway driving
produces better fuel economy than city driving.
If your vehicle is low on fuel, the Low Fuel Level
message will be displayed. See “Low Fuel Level
Message” under DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 3-61 for more information.
AVG MPH/Average Vehicle Speed: If you select this
item, the average speed of the vehicle is displayed in
miles per hour (mph) or kilometers per hour (km/h). This
average is calculated based on the various vehicle
speeds recorded since the last reset of this menu item.
To reset AVG MPH using the Base audio system,
press the CLR button located to the right of the screen.
The display will return to zero.
To reset the Average Vehicle Speed using the Navigation
system, press and hold the multi-function button that
corresponds to the Reset prompt in the upper right of the
display. The display will return to zero.
TIMER/Timer: If you select this item, a timing feature is
displayed. The timer functions like a stopwatch in that
you can record the time it takes to travel from one point
to another.
To use the timer, you must first turn it on. To turn on the
timer using the Base audio system, press the CLR button
located to the right of the screen once. To turn on the
timer using the Navigation system, press the
multi-function button next to the On/Off menu item in the
upper right of the display. The display for both systems
will read 00:00:00 TIMER ON and begin counting.
Press the button(s) again to turn the timer off. When the
timer is off, the display will show the timer value and
TIMER OFF. The timing feature will stop.
To reset the timer using the Base audio system, turn off
the timer and then press and hold the CLR button.
The display will return to zero.
To reset the timer using the Navigation system press
and hold the multi-function button next to the Reset
prompt in the upper right of the display. The display will
return to zero.
3-55
BATTERY VOLTS/Battery Voltage: If you select this
item, the current battery voltage is displayed. If the
voltage is in the normal range, the display will have OK
after it. For example, the display may read 13.2 Battery
Volts OK.
If there is a problem with the battery charging system,
there are four possible DIC messages that may be
displayed. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 3-61 for more information.
ENGINE OIL LIFE/Engine Oil Life: If you select this
item, the percentage of remaining oil life is displayed.
If you see 99% Oil Life on the display, that means
that 99% of the current oil life remains.
When the oil life is depleted, the Change Engine Oil
message will appear on the display. You should change
the engine oil as soon as possible within 200 miles.
Be sure to keep a written record of the mileage and date
of the oil change so you will have it for future reference.
When you reset the Change Engine Oil message by
clearing it from the display, you still must reset the
engine oil life monitor separately. For more information
on resetting the engine oil life monitor, see Engine
Oil on page 5-16.
3-56
The engine oil life monitor does not check the amount
of oil your vehicle has, so you should check the oil level
periodically. See Engine Oil on page 5-16 for more
information.
TRANS FLUID LIFE/Transmission Fluid Life
(Automatic Transmission): If you select this item,
the percentage of remaining transmission fluid life
is displayed. If you see 99% Trans Fluid Life on the
display, that means that 99% of the current transmission
fluid life remains.
When the transmission fluid life is depleted, the Change
Transmission Fluid message will appear on the
display. You should change the transmission fluid as
soon as possible within 200 miles. Be sure to keep
a written record of the mileage and date of the fluid
change so you will have it for future reference.
When you reset the Change Transmission Fluid
message by clearing it from the display, you still must
reset the transmission fluid life monitor separately.
For more information on resetting the transmission fluid
life monitor, see Automatic Transmission Fluid on
page 5-24.
DIC Main Menu
Accessing the DIC Main Menu
(Base Audio System)
There are two different procedures for accessing the
DIC main menu depending upon whether or not
your vehicle has the Navigation system.
To access the main menu of the DIC, do one of the
following:
• Using the Base audio system, press the
TUNE/SEL knob once. Turn the knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to scroll through the menu items.
• Refer to the CTS Entertainment and Navigation
System owner’s manual supplied with your vehicle
for more information on the accessing main menu
and descriptions of the menu items for the Navigation
system.
The DIC main menu for the Base audio system consists
of the following menu items:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
e BASS - MID - TREBLE
e EQ
DSP (Bose Radio)
AVC (Bose Radio)
H/A
AUTOSTORE
CAT
TA
RDS MSG
AF
SEEK LOCAL/DISTANT
9 (English/Metric Units)
TCS
8 (Clock)
8/ 4 (Clock/Information Display)
SETUP
3-57
DIC Main Menu Item Descriptions
(Base Audio System)
The following descriptions are for the Base audio
system. For information pertaining to the Navigation
audio system, see “Audio System” in the Index of
the CTS Entertainment and Navigation System
Supplement supplied with your vehicle.
e BASS - MID (Midrange) - TREBLE:
This menu
item allows you to adjust the levels for the bass,
midrange, treble, balance, and fader features of the
audio system. For more information, see Audio
System(s) on page 3-100.
e EQ (Equalizer):
This menu item allows you to
choose among five preset equalizations for the audio
system. See “Equalizer” under Audio System(s) on
page 3-100 for more information.
DSP (Digital Signal Processing): This menu item
allows you to select the DSP type that you want on the
audio system. You may choose Normal, Talk, Spacious,
Rear Seat or Driver Seat. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to
scroll through these choices. Once the desired choice is
displayed, turn the knob to set your DSP choice and
continue scrolling through the main menu.
See “DSP” under Audio System(s) on page 3-100 for
more information.
3-58
AVC (Automatic Volume Compensation): This menu
item allows you to turn the AVC feature on and off.
Press the TUNE/SEL knob once to turn AVC on and off.
When AVC is on, an X will be in the box next to AVC
on the menu. The X disappears when AVC is off.
See “AVC” under Audio System(s) on page 3-100 for
more information.
H/A (Home/Away Preset Stations): This menu item
allows you to switch back and forth between your home
and away preset radio stations. Press the TUNE/SEL
knob to switch between home and away.
See “Home and Away Preset Stations” under Audio
System(s) on page 3-100 for more information.
AUTOSTORE: This menu item allows you to
automatically store radio stations with the strongest
signals as presets. See Audio System(s) on page 3-100
for more information.
CAT (Category): This menu item allows you to select
radio stations based on preset categories. To turn
the CAT feature on, press the TUNE/SEL knob once.
When CAT is on, an X will be in the box next to CAT on
the menu. The X disappears when CAT is off.
See Audio System(s) on page 3-100 for more
information.
TA (Traffic Announcement): This menu item allows
you to turn the TA feature on and off. To turn the
TA feature on, press the TUNE/SEL knob once.
When TA is on, an X will be in the box next to TA on
the menu. The X disappears when TA is off.
See “RDS Messages” under Audio System(s) on
page 3-100 for more information.
RDS (Radio Data System) MSG (Message): This
menu item allows you to view an RDS radio station
message broadcast by a radio station. To view
the message, press the TUNE/SEL knob once.
The message will appear on the screen.
See “RDS Messages” under Audio System(s) on
page 3-100 for more information.
SEEK LOCAL/DISTANT: This feature instructs the
audio system to seek only local radio stations with the
strongest signal or to seek all radio stations with a strong
signal in a large area. Use LOCAL when you are in
urban areas where there are several strong radio station
signals and you want to limit the number of stations to
those with the strongest signals only. Use DISTANT
when you are in rural areas where there are fewer radio
station signals available.
To switch between LOCAL and DISTANT, press the
TUNE/SEL knob. Your choice will be set when you press
BACK and return to the main menu.
9 (English/Metric Units):
Use this menu item to
adjust the measurement units.
AF (Alternate Frequency): This menu item allows
you to turn the AF feature on and off. To turn on AF,
press the TUNE/SEL knob once. When AF is on,
an X will be in the box next to AF on the menu.
The X disappears when AF is off.
You can choose between ENGLISH UNITS and
METRIC UNITS. To switch between the two, press the
TUNE/SEL knob. Once your choice is displayed,
turn the knob to set your choice and continue scrolling
through the main menu.
See “Using RDS” under Audio System(s) on page 3-100
for more information.
The measurement units that you choose will be reflected
on all the vehicle system displays, not just the DIC
information. For example, the climate control panel will
display degrees Celsius if you choose METRIC UNITS.
3-59
TCS (Traction Control System): You can enable or
disable the traction control system using this menu item.
Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch between on and off.
8/ 4 (Clock/Information Display):
You can also turn the traction control system off using
the traction control button located in the glove box,
or by programming one of the steering wheel controls
(1, 2, 3 or 4) or audio system softkeys to enable/disable
the TCS. See Reconfigureable Steering Wheel Controls
(SWC) on page 3-8 and “Configurable Radio Display
Keys” under Audio System(s) on page 3-100 for more
information.
See Audio System(s) on page 3-100 for more
information.
When you disable the traction control system, the
Traction Suspended message will appear on the DIC and
the traction control system warning light on the instrument
panel cluster will come on. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-61 and Traction Control System
(TCS) Warning Light on page 3-41 for more information.
8 (Clock):
Use this menu item to set the time on the
clock.
See Setting the Time on page 3-100 for more
information.
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Use this menu
item to toggle between the clock display and the
XM™ Information (Song, Artist, Album), if available.
SETUP: When you select this menu item, the following
submenu is available:
•
•
•
•
PERSONALIZATION
LANGUAGE
CONFIGURE DISPLAY KEYS
CONFIGURE SWC (Steering Wheel Control) KEYS
To change the language displayed on the radio, select
LANGUAGE by pressing the TUNE/SEL knob. Turn the
TUNE/SEL knob to scroll through the available languages
and press the knob to make your selection. If you
accidentally select a language that you did not want,
ENGLISH is always at the top of the language list.
For more information on the other items in the SETUP
menu see DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-79
and Reconfigureable Steering Wheel Controls (SWC)
on page 3-8.
DIC Warnings and Messages
These messages will appear if there is a problem
sensed in one of your vehicle’s systems. The text
messages are the same for both the Base audio and
Navigation systems unless otherwise indicated.
The symbols, however, appear only on the Navigation
system display.
You must acknowledge a message to clear it from the
screen for further use. To clear a message, do one
of the following:
• Using the Base audio system, press CLR.
• Using the Navigation system, press the
multi-function button next to the OK prompt.
Battery Not Charging
This symbol appears with
the Battery Not Charging
message.
When this message appears on the display, there is a
problem with the generator and battery charging
systems. Have the electrical system checked by your
dealer as soon as possible.
Be sure to take any message that appears on the
screen seriously and remember that clearing the
message will only make the message disappear,
not the problem.
3-61
Battery Saver Active
This symbol appears with
the Battery Saver Active
message.
This message appears when the system detects that
the battery voltage is dropping beyond a reasonable
level. The battery saver system will start reducing certain
features of the vehicle that you may not be able to
notice. At the point that the features are disabled, this
message is displayed. It means that the vehicle is trying
to save the charge in the battery.
Turn off all unnecessary accessories to allow the battery
to recharge.
The normal battery voltage range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts.
You can monitor battery voltage on the DIC by pressing
the INFO button until you find BATTERY VOLTS
(Base audio system) or by selecting Battery Voltage
from the Vehicle Information menu (Navigation system).
3-62
Battery Voltage High
This symbol appears with
the Battery Voltage High
message.
This message indicates that the electrical charging
system is overcharging the battery. When the system
detects that the battery voltage is above approximately
16 volts, this message will be displayed.
To reduce the charging overload, use the vehicle’s
accessories. Turn on the exterior lamps and radio, set
the climate control on AUTO and the fan speed on
the highest setting, and turn the rear window defogger
on.
The normal battery voltage range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts
when the engine is running. You can monitor battery
voltage on the DIC by pressing the INFO button until you
find BATTERY VOLTS (Base audio system) or by
selecting Battery Voltage from the Vehicle Information
menu (Navigation system).
Battery Voltage Low
This symbol appears with
the Battery Voltage Low
message.
The normal battery voltage range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts.
You can monitor battery voltage on the DIC by pressing
the INFO button until you find BATTERY VOLTS
(Base audio system) or by selecting Battery Voltage
from the Vehicle Information menu (Navigation system).
Change Engine Oil
This symbol appears
with the Change Engine
Oil message.
This message will appear when the electrical system is
charging less than 10 volts or if the battery has been
drained.
If this message appears immediately after starting
the engine, it is possible that the generator can still
recharge the battery. The battery should recharge while
driving but may take a few hours to do so. Consider
using an auxiliary charger (be sure to follow the
manufacturer’s instructions) to boost the battery after
returning home or to a final destination.
If this message appears while driving or after starting
your vehicle and stays on, have it checked immediately
to determine the cause of this problem.
To help the generator recharge the battery quickly,
you can reduce the load on the electrical system
by turning off the accessories.
This message indicates that the life of the engine oil
has expired and it should be changed within 200 miles.
See Engine Oil on page 5-16 and Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-13 for more information.
When you reset the Change Engine Oil message by
clearing it from the display, you still must reset the
engine oil life monitor separately. For more information
on resetting the engine oil life monitor, see Engine
Oil on page 5-16.
3-63
Change Trans (Transmission) Fluid
(Automatic Transmission)
This symbol appears with
the Change Trans Fluid
message.
This message indicates that the life of the transmission
fluid has expired and it should be changed within
200 miles. See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
and Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-13
for the proper fluid and change intervals.
When you reset the Change Trans Fluid message by
clearing it from the display, you still must reset the
transmission fluid life monitor separately. For more
information on resetting the transmission fluid life
monitor, see Automatic Transmission Fluid on
page 5-24.
3-64
Check Brake Fluid
This symbol appears with
the Check Brake Fluid
message.
This message will display if the ignition is in ON to
inform the driver that the brake fluid level is low. Have
the brake system serviced by a technician as soon
as possible. See Brake System Warning Light on
page 3-39 for more information.
Check Coolant Level
Check Washer Fluid
This symbol appears with
the Check Washer Fluid
message.
This symbol appears with
the Check Coolant Level
message.
This message will appear when there is a low level of
engine coolant. Have the cooling system serviced
by a technician as soon as possible. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-27 for more information.
Check Gas Cap
When this message appears on the display, it means
that your vehicle is low on windshield washer fluid.
You should refill the tank as soon as possible.
See Windshield Washer Fluid on page 5-40 for more
information.
Driver Door Ajar
This symbol appears with
the Check Gas Cap
message.
When this message appears on the display, the gas cap
has not been fully tightened. You should recheck the
gas cap to ensure that it’s on and tightened properly.
This symbol appears with
the Driver Door Ajar
message.
When this message appears on the display, it means
that the driver’s door was not closed completely.
You should make sure that the driver’s door is closed
completely.
3-65
Engine Coolant Hot – Idle Engine
This symbol appears
with the Engine Coolant
Hot – Idle Engine
message.
This message will appear when the engine coolant
temperature is too hot. Stop and allow the vehicle to idle
until it cools down.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the engine
is overheating, severe engine damage may occur.
If an overheat warning appears on the instrument
panel cluster and/or DIC, stop the vehicle as soon as
possible. Do not increase the engine speed above
normal idling speed. See Engine Overheating
on page 5-30 for more information.
3-66
Engine Coolant Hot – AC
(Air Conditioning) Off
This symbol appears with
the Engine Hot – AC Off
message.
This message displays when the engine coolant
becomes hotter than the normal operating temperature.
To avoid added strain on a hot engine, the air
conditioning compressor is automatically turned off.
When the coolant temperature returns to normal, the air
conditioning compressor will turn back on. You can
continue to drive your vehicle.
If this message continues to appear, have the system
repaired as soon as possible to avoid compressor
damage.
Engine Overheated – Stop Engine
Engine Power Reduced
This symbol appears
with the Engine
Overheated – Stop
Engine message.
This symbol appears
with the Engine Power
Reduced message.
This message will appear when the engine has
overheated. Stop the vehicle and turn the engine off
immediately to avoid severe engine damage. See
Engine Overheating on page 5-30. A chime will also
sound when this message is displayed.
This message informs you that the vehicle is reducing
engine power because the transmission is being
placed in gear under conditions that may cause damage
to the vehicle’s engine or transmission. This also can
affect the vehicle’s ability to accelerate.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the engine
is overheating, severe engine damage may occur.
If an overheat warning appears on the instrument
panel cluster and/or DIC, stop the vehicle as soon as
possible. Do not increase the engine speed above
normal idling speed. See Engine Overheating
on page 5-30 for more information.
Fuel Level Low
This symbol appears
with the Fuel Level Low
message.
When this message appears on the display, it means
that your vehicle is low on fuel. You should refill the tank
as soon as possible. A single chime will sound when
this message is displayed.
3-67
Headlamps Suggested
Ice Possible
This symbol appears with
the Headlamps Suggested
message.
This symbol appears with
the Ice Possible message.
This message will appear when the amount of available
light outside the vehicle is low and the exterior lamp
control is off. This message informs the driver that
turning on the exterior lamps is recommended even
though the DRL are still illuminated and it has become
dark enough outside to require the headlamps and/or
other exterior lamps.
This message appears when the outside temperature is
cold enough to create icy road conditions.
This message will also appear when the windshield
wipers have been on for more than six seconds and
the exterior lamp control is off or in the parking
lamp position.
Left Rear Door Ajar
This symbol appears with
the Left Rear Door Ajar
message.
When this message appears on the display, it means
that the driver’s side rear door was not closed
completely. You should make sure that the door is
closed completely.
3-68
Oil Pressure Low – Stop Engine
This symbol appears
with the Oil Pressure
Low – Stop Engine
message. A multiple chime
will sound when this
message is displayed.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the engine
oil pressure is low, severe engine damage may
occur. If a low oil pressure warning appears on the
instrument panel cluster and/or DIC, stop the
vehicle as soon as possible. Do not drive the vehicle
until the cause of the low oil pressure is corrected.
See Engine Oil on page 5-16 for more information.
Passenger Door Ajar
This symbol appears with
the Passenger Door Ajar
message.
When this message appears on the display, it means
that the passenger’s side front door was not closed
completely. You should make sure that the door
is closed completely.
3-69
Personalization Off/Driver Identification
(Navigation System)
This symbol appears with
the Personalization Off
message.
When this message appears, the personalization
features previously stored are turned off. If you want
your customized settings to be automatically recalled
when you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
or when you remove the key from the ignition,
you must enable them in the DIC. See DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-79 for more information.
This message is also used to identify the driver
(1, 2 or 3) on the Navigation system.
3-70
Right Rear Door Ajar
This symbol appears with
the Right Rear Door Ajar
message.
When this message appears on the display, the right
rear door it means that the passenger’s side rear
door was not closed completely. You should check to
make sure that the door is closed completely.
Service AC (Air Conditioning) System
This symbol appears with
the Service AC System
message.
This message appears when the electronic sensors that
control the air conditioning and heating systems are
no longer working. Have the climate control system
serviced if you notice a drop in heating and air
conditioning efficiency.
Service Air Bag
This symbol appears with
the Service Air Bag
message.
There is a problem with the air bag system when this
message appears. Have your vehicle serviced by
a qualified technician at your dealership immediately.
See Air Bag Readiness Light on page 3-38 for more
information.
3-71
Service Charging System
Service Fuel System
This symbol appears with
the Service Charging
System message.
This symbol appears with
the Service Fuel System
message.
This message will display when a problem with the
charging system has been detected. Have your vehicle
serviced at your dealership.
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) has detected a
problem within the fuel system when this message
appears. Have your vehicle serviced by your dealership.
Service Electrical System
Service Idle Control
This symbol appears with
the Service Electrical
System message.
This message will display if an electrical problem has
occurred within the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) or
the ignition switch. Have your vehicle serviced by
your dealership.
3-72
This symbol appears with
the Service Idle Control
message.
A problem with the idle control has occurred when this
message displays. Have your vehicle serviced by
your dealership.
Service Stability System Message
This symbol appears with
the Service Stability
System message.
Your vehicle may be equipped with a vehicle stability
enhancement system called Stabilitrak®.
See Stabilitrak® System on page 4-10. The Service
Stability System message will be displayed if there has
been a problem detected with Stabilitrak®.
If the Service Stability System message comes on while
you are driving, pull off the road as soon as possible and
stop carefully. Try resetting the system by turning the
ignition off then back on. If the Service Stability System
message still stays on or comes back on again while
you are driving, your vehicle needs service. Have the
Stabilitrak® System inspected as soon as possible.
Stability System Engaged Message
This symbol appears with
the Stability System
Engaged message.
The Stability System Engaged message will be displayed
any time Stabilitrak® (if equipped) is actively assisting you
with directional control of the vehicle. Slippery road
conditions may exist when this message is displayed, so
adjust your driving accordingly. This message may stay
on for a few seconds after Stabilitrak® stops assisting you
with directional control of the vehicle.
3-73
Stability System Off Message
This symbol appears with
the Stability System Off
message.
The Stability System Off message will be displayed any
time you turn off Stabilitrak® (if equipped) using the
TC (traction control) on/off button. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-9 for more information.
When this message has been displayed, Stabilitrak®
is no longer available to assist you with directional
control of the vehicle. Adjust your driving accordingly.
3-74
Stability System Ready Message
This symbol appears with
the Stability System Ready
message.
The Stability System Ready message will be displayed
any time you turn back on Stabilitrak® (if equipped)
using the TC (traction control) on/off button. See
Traction Control System (TCS) on page 4-9 for more
information. When this message has been displayed,
Stabilitrak® is ready to assist you with directional control
of the vehicle if needed.
Service Steering System
This symbol appears with
the Service Steering
System message.
Your vehicle may be equipped with a speed variable
assist steering system. See Steering on page 4-11.
The Service Steering System message will be displayed
if a problem is detected with the speed variable assist
steering system. When this message is displayed,
you may notice that the effort required to steer the
vehicle increases or feels “heavier,” but you will still be
able to steer the vehicle.
Service Theft System
This symbol appears with
the Service Theft System
message.
This message means there is a problem with the
Immobilizer. See Immobilizer on page 2-19 for more
information. A fault has been detected in the system
which means that the system is disabled and is
not protecting the vehicle. The vehicle usually restarts,
however, you may want to take your vehicle to your
dealer before turning off the engine.
3-75
Service Transmission
This symbol appears with
the Service Transmission
message.
There is a problem with the transmission of your
vehicle. Have your vehicle serviced at your dealership.
Service Vehicle Soon
This symbol appears with
the Service Vehicle Soon
message.
This message is displayed when a non-emissions
related powertrain malfunction occurs. Have your
vehicle serviced at your dealership as soon as possible.
3-76
Starting Disabled – Remove Key
This symbol appears
with the Starting
Disabled – Remove Key
message.
This message will appear when the vehicle
theft-deterrent system detects that an improper ignition
key is being used to try to start the vehicle. Check
the ignition key for damage. If it is damaged, it may need
to be replaced. If it is not damaged, remove the key
and try to start the vehicle again. If it still does not start,
try another ignition key or have your vehicle serviced
at your dealership.
Starting Disabled – Throttle Problem
This symbol appears
with the Starting
Disabled – Throttle
Problem message.
This message appears when your vehicle’s throttle
system is not functioning properly. Have your vehicle
serviced at your dealership.
Theft Attempted
Top Speed – Fuel Cut Off
This symbol appears with
the Top Speed – Fuel Cut
Off message.
This message will appear when the Engine Control
Module (ECM) detects that the maximum speed for your
vehicle has been reached. Your vehicle’s top speed is
based on the top speed rating of the tires. This ensures
that your vehicle stays in a safe operating range for
the tires.
This symbol appears
with the Theft
Attempted message.
This message is displayed if the content theft-deterrent
system has detected a break-in attempt while you
were away from your vehicle.
3-77
Traction Engaged
Trans (Transmission) Hot – Idle Engine
This symbol appears with
the Traction Engaged
message.
This symbol appears with
the Trans Hot – Idle
Engine message.
This message will appear when the traction control
system is actively limiting wheel spin. Slippery
road conditions may exist if this message is displayed,
so adjust your driving accordingly. The message will
stay on for a few seconds after the traction control
system stops limiting wheel spin. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-9 for more information.
This message indicates that the transmission fluid in
your vehicle is too hot. Stop the vehicle and allow it to
idle until the transmission cools down or until this
message is removed.
Trunk Open
This symbol appears with
the Trunk Open message.
When this message appears on the display, it means
that the trunk lid of your vehicle was not closed
completely. You should make sure that the trunk lid is
closed completely.
3-78
Turn Signal On
DIC Vehicle Personalization
This symbol appears with
the Turn Signal On
message.
If you drive your vehicle for more than about 1 mile
(1.6 km) with a turn signal on, this message will appear
as a reminder to turn off the turn signal. A multiple
chime will sound when this message is displayed.
Your vehicle is equipped with personalization that allows
you to program certain features to a preferred setting
for up to two people. The number of programmable
features varies depending upon which model of
the vehicle is purchased.
On all vehicles, features such as climate control
settings, radio preset settings, exterior lighting at unlock,
remote lock and unlock confirmation, and automatic
door locks have already been programmed for
your convenience.
Some vehicles are equipped with additional features
that can be programmed including the seat and outside
rearview mirror position. The navigation system
screen preferences will remain at the last set position.
If your vehicle is equipped with the ability to program
additional personalization features, the driver’s
preferences are recalled by pressing the unlock button
on the remote keyless entry transmitter, 1 or 2, or
by pressing the appropriate memory button, 1 or 2,
located on the driver’s door. Certain features can
be programmed not to recall until the key is placed in
the ignition. To change feature preferences you
must use one of the following procedures.
3-79
Entering the Personalization Menu
To enter the feature programming mode, use one of the
following procedures:
Base Audio System
1. Turn the ignition to ON, but do not start the engine.
Make sure an automatic transmission is in PARK (P)
or a manual transmission has the parking brake set.
2. If your vehicle has memory settings, press the
appropriate memory button, 1 or 2, located on
the driver’s door armrest. The DIC display will show
either Driver 1 or 2 depending on which button
was selected.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob once to access the main
menu of the DIC.
4. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until SETUP is highlighted.
5. Press the TUNE/SEL knob once to access the
SETUP menu.
6. Scroll to the feature you want to change, and press
the TUNE/SEL knob to turn the feature on or off.
If the feature is turned on, a check mark will appear
next to the feature name.
If none of the personalization items are turned on,
turn on the personalization menu by pressing
the TUNE/SEL knob. The list of features will then
appear, and you can repeat Step 6.
3-80
Navigation System
1. Turn the ignition to ON without the engine running.
Make sure an automatic transmission is in PARK (P)
or a manual transmission has the parking brake set.
2. If your vehicle has memory settings, press the
appropriate memory button, 1 or 2, located on
the driver’s door armrest. The DIC display will show
either Driver 1 or 2 depending on which button
was selected.
3. Turn on the Navigation/audio system by pressing
the PWR/VOL knob located to the lower left of the
display once.
4. Access the DIC main menu by pressing the MAIN
button located to the lower left of the display.
5. Press the multi-function button next to Feat Prog
to access the Feature Programming menu.
6. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to turn on the
Personalization features. An X will appear in the
box to the left when Personalization is turned on.
Personalization Features
The following choices are available for programming
using both the Base audio and Navigation systems
unless otherwise indicated.
Personalization Name
This feature allows you to type in a name that will appear
on the DIC display whenever the corresponding remote
keyless entry transmitter is used or one of the buttons on
the driver’s door armrest (1 or 2) is pressed.
If a customized name is not programmed, the system
will show Driver 1 or Driver 2 to correspond with
the numbers on the back of the remote keyless entry
transmitters.
To program a name, use one of the following procedures:
To customize the name using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
3. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until you reach the first
letter you want; the letter will be highlighted.
There is a complete alphabet with both upper and
lower case letters and the numbers zero through
nine. Also included are spaces and other non-letter
characters such as the ampersand (&).
4. Press the TUNE/SEL knob once to select the letter.
The letter will then appear on the display.
If you make a mistake, press the Back key. This will
exit the menu. You can then go back into the
menu and edit the name. You can also press the
TUNE/SEL knob repeatedly to cycle through all the
characters until you reach the character you
wish to change.
5. Repeat Steps 2 and 3 until the name you want is
complete. You can program up to 16 characters.
6. Press the BACK button located to the lower right of
the display to exit and set your choice or let the
screen time out and return to the main screen.
2. Select the PERSONALIZATION NAME menu item
by pressing the TUNE/SEL knob once.
You will see a cursor on the screen.
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To customize the name using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until Personalization
Name is highlighted. Press the knob once to
access the Edit Name screen.
3. There is an alpha-numeric bar at the bottom of the
screen. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob to scroll through
the available letters, numbers and symbols.
Press the knob to select the highlighted character.
As each character is selected, it will appear on the
screen and the system will advance one character to
the right. If you make a mistake, press the
Backspace multi-function button to erase the last
character entered. You can then re-enter another
character. If you want to completely erase the entire
name, press the Delete multi-function button.
If you prefer lower case letters, press the Lower
multi-function button. The multi-function button will
then change to Upper. Press the Upper
multi-function button to change the letters back to
upper case.
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4. Repeat Step 3 until the name you want is complete.
You can program up to 26 characters.
5. Press the Ok multi-function button when the name
is complete to save it.
The name you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Configure Display Keys
(Base Audio System)
This feature allows you to customize the functions of the
four soft keys located to the left and right of the audio
display. See “Configurable Radio Display Keys”
under Radio with CD on page 3-101 for programming
information.
Remote Recall Memory/Recall Driving
Positions
If your vehicle has the optional memory package, you will
have this feature. When this feature is turned on, you can
recall any previously programmed seat and mirror
controls when the unlock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter is pressed.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Remote Keyless Options to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to view the modes.
4. Scroll to Recall Driving Positions and press the knob
once to select it.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
This feature cannot be selected if Remote Exit Recall or
Key In Recall Memory is selected. If either of these
was previously selected, you must first de-select
it in order to be able to select Remote Recall
Memory/Recall Driving Positions.
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to REMOTE RECALL MEMORY to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
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Remote Exit Recall
If your vehicle has the optional memory package, you will
have this feature. When this feature is turned on, you can
recall any previously programmed exit position for the
driver’s seat when the unlock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to REMOTE EXIT RECALL to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
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To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Remote Keyless Options to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to view the modes.
4. Scroll to Remote Exit Recall and press the knob
once to select it.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
This feature cannot be selected if Remote Recall
Memory/Recall Driving Positions is selected. If it was
previously selected, you must first de-select it in order to
be able to select Remote Exit Recall.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Key in Recall Memory
If your vehicle has the optional memory package, you will
have this feature. When this feature is turned on, you can
recall any previously programmed seat and mirror
positions when the key is inserted into the ignition.
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Remote Keyless Options to highlight it.
Programmable Modes
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to view the modes.
Mode 1: ON
4. Scroll to Key In Recall Memory and press the knob
once to select it.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
This feature cannot be selected if Remote Recall
Memory/Recall Driving Positions is selected. If it was
previously selected, you must first de-select it in order to
be able to select Key In Recall Memory.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
2. Scroll to KEY IN RECALL MEMORY to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and
forth between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
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Auto Exit Seat
If your vehicle has the optional memory package, you will
have this feature. When this feature is turned on, you can
recall any previously programmed exit position for the
driver’s seat when the key is removed from the ignition
and the driver’s door is opened.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Auto Exit Seat using the TUNE/SEL knob
to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Twilight Delay
This feature allows you to set the amount of time you
want the exterior lamps to remain on after you exit
the vehicle.
2. Scroll to AUTO EXIT SEAT using the TUNE/SEL
knob to highlight it.
Programmable Modes
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear in the box next to the feature name.
Mode 2: 0:15 seconds
Mode 1: 0:00 seconds
Mode 3: 0:30 seconds
Mode 4: 1:00 minute
Mode 5: 1:30 minutes
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Mode 6: 2:00 minutes
Mode 7: 2:30 minutes
Mode 8: 3:00 minutes
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since the vehicle left the factory. To determine the mode
to which the vehicle is programmed or to program the
vehicle to a different mode, use one of the following
procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to TWILIGHT DELAY using the TUNE/SEL
knob to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to scroll through the
available delay settings. When the delay time
you want is highlighted, press the TUNE/SEL knob
once to select it.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
If you choose Mode 1, the exterior lamps will not
illuminate when you exit the vehicle. Only one mode
can be selected at a time.
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Twilight Delay using the TUNE/SEL knob
to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to scroll through the
available delay settings. When the delay time
you want is highlighted, press the TUNE/SEL knob
once to select it.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
If you choose Mode 1, the exterior lamps will not
illuminate when you exit the vehicle. Only one mode
can be selected at a time.
4. Press the Back multi-function button to exit the
Twilight Delay menu and return to the
Personalization menu.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Lights Flash at Unlock
This feature turns on the exterior lamps when the
remote keyless entry transmitter is used to unlock the
vehicle. The lamps will remain on for approximately
20 seconds unless a door is opened, the ignition
is turned to ACCESSORY, ON or START or the remote
keyless entry transmitter is used to lock the vehicle.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to LIGHTS FLASH AT UNLOCK to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
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To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Remote Keyless Options to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to view the modes.
4. Scroll to Lights Flash At Unlock and press the knob
once to select it.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Lights Flash at Lock
This feature allows the exterior lamps to flash once
when the remote keyless entry transmitter is used to
lock the vehicle. All doors must be closed for this feature
to work, and the lamps will not flash if the parking
lamps or headlamps are on.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Remote Keyless Options to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to view the modes.
4. Scroll to Lights Flash At Lock and press the knob
once to select it.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
You can select this feature by itself, or you can combine
it with Horn Sounds At Lock so that both the lights
flash and the horn chirps when you lock your vehicle.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either
exit the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature
available on your vehicle.
2. Scroll to LIGHTS FLASH AT LOCK to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
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Horn Sounds at Lock
This feature sounds the horn once when the remote
keyless entry transmitter is used to lock the vehicle.
All doors must be closed for this feature to work.
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
Programmable Modes
2. Scroll to Remote Keyless Options to highlight it.
Mode 1: ON
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to view the modes.
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to HORN SOUNDS AT LOCK to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and
forth between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
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4. Scroll to Horn Sounds At Lock and press the knob
once to select it.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
If you select this feature to be on, Lights Flash At Lock
will also be on. You can choose Lights Flash At Lock
by itself, but Horn Sounds At Lock will always have
Lights Flash At Lock enabled when it is selected.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Exterior Lights at Unlock
This feature turns on the exterior lamps when the
remote keyless entry transmitter is used to unlock the
vehicle. The lamps will remain on for about 20 seconds
unless a door is opened, the ignition is turned to
ACCESSORY, ON or START or the remote keyless
entry transmitter is used to lock the vehicle.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Remote Keyless Options to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to view the modes.
4. Scroll to Exterior Lights At Unlock and press the
knob once to select it.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to EXT. LIGHT AT UNLOCK to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
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Driver Unlock in Park
(Automatic Transmission)
The feature allows the driver’s door to automatically
unlock when the transmission is shifted into PARK (P).
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to DRIVER UNLOCK IN PARK to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and
forth between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
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To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Door Lock Options to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to view the modes.
4. Scroll to Driver Unlock In Park and press the knob
once to select it.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
This feature cannot be selected if Driver Unlock Key
Out/Off, Doors Unlock Key Out/Off or Doors Unlock
in Park is selected. If any of these was previously
selected, you must first de-select it in order to be able
to select Driver Unlock in Park.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Driver Unlock Key Out/Off
This feature allows the driver’s door to automatically
unlock when the key is removed from the ignition
on automatic transmission vehicles or when the ignition
is turned to OFF for manual transmission vehicles.
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Door Lock Options to highlight it.
Programmable Modes
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to view the modes.
Mode 1: ON
4. Scroll to Driver Unlock Key Out/Off and press the
knob once to select it.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
If you select Mode 1, Doors Lock in Gear
(automatic transmission) or Automatic Door Lock
(manual transmission) will be turned on automatically.
2. Scroll to DRIVER UNLOCK KEY OUT/OFF.
This feature cannot be selected if Driver Unlock in
Park (automatic transmission), Doors Unlock in Park
(automatic transmission) or Doors Unlock Key Out/Off is
selected. If any of these was previously selected, you
must first de-select it in order to be able to select Driver
Unlock Key Out/Off.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch between
on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
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Doors Unlock in Park
(Automatic Transmission)
The feature allows the doors to automatically unlock
when the transmission is shifted into PARK (P).
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to DOORS UNLOCK IN PARK to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and
forth between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
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To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Door Lock Options to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to view the modes.
4. Scroll to Doors Lock In Park and press the knob
once to select it.
When a mode is turned on, an X will appear in the
box to the left.
This feature cannot be selected if Doors Unlock Key
Out/Off, Driver Unlock Key Out/Off or Driver Unlock in
Park (automatic transmission) is selected. If any of
these was previously selected, you must first de-select it
in order to be able to select Doors Unlock in Park.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Doors Unlock Key Out/Off
This feature allows the doors to automatically unlock
when the key is removed from the ignition on automatic
transmission vehicles or when the ignition is turned
to OFF on manual transmission vehicles.
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Door Lock Options to highlight it.
Programmable Modes
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to view the modes.
Mode 1: ON
4. Scroll to Doors Unlock Key Out/Off and press the
knob once to select it.
When a mode is turned on, an X will appear in the
box to the left.
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
If you select Mode 1, Doors Lock in Gear (automatic
transmission) or Automatic Door Lock (manual
transmission) will be turned on automatically.
2. Scroll to DOORS UNLOCK KEY OUT/OFF.
This feature cannot be selected if Doors Unlock in
Park (automatic transmission), Driver Unlock in Park
(automatic transmission) or Driver Unlock Key Out/Off is
selected. If any of these was previously selected, you
must first de-select it in order to be able to select Doors
Unlock Key Out/Off.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch between
on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
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Delayed Locking
This feature delays the locking of the vehicle’s doors for
up to five seconds after a power door lock switch or
the lock button on the remote keyless entry transmitter
is pressed. The five second delay occurs after the
last door is closed.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to DELAYED LOCKING using the TUNE/SEL
knob to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
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To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Delayed Locking using the TUNE/SEL
knob to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Lock Passenger Window
This feature allows you to disable either all the passenger
window switches or the rear passenger window switches
only. If this feature is turned on, all passenger window
switches will be disabled when the window lockout button
is pressed. If the feature is off, only the rear passenger
window switches will be disabled. See Power Windows
on page 2-15 for more information.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to LOCK PASS WINDOW using the
TUNE/SEL knob to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Lock Passenger Window using the
TUNE/SEL knob to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Mirror to Curb in Reverse
If your vehicle has the optional memory package, you will
have this feature. When this feature is turned on, the
passenger’s outside rearview mirror will move downward
so you can view the curb when the shift lever is shifted
into REVERSE (R). The mirror will return to the last
known driving position when the shift lever is moved out
of REVERSE (R). See Outside Curb View Assist Mirror
on page 2-44 for more information.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to MIRROR TO CURB IN REV using the
TUNE/SEL knob to highlight it.
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3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, a check mark will
appear next to the feature name.
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Mirror to Curb in Reverse using the
TUNE/SEL knob to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between on and off.
When the mode is turned on, an X will appear in
the box to the left.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Enhanced Chime Volume
This feature allows you to adjust the volume level of the
vehicle’s warning chimes. The chime volume cannot
be turned off, only adjusted.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: NORMAL
Mode 2: LOUD
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
it was programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed
since it left the factory. To program the vehicle to
a different mode, use one of the following procedures:
To change the mode using the Base audio system,
do the following:
1. Enter the personalization portion of the SETUP
menu following the instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to ENHANCED CHIME VOLUME using the
TUNE/SEL knob to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between the normal and loud settings.
To change the mode using the Navigation system,
do the following:
1. Enter the Personalization menu following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Scroll to Enhanced Chime Volume using the
TUNE/SEL knob to highlight it.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to switch back and forth
between the normal and loud settings.
You will hear a chime as an example of the volume
level chosen.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Exiting the Personalization Menu
To exit the personalization portion of the SETUP menu
using the Base audio system, press the BACK key
once you’ve finished making your selections. You will
return to the main audio screen.
To exit Feature Programming using the Navigation
system, press the multi-function button next to the Back
prompt once you’ve finished making your selections.
You will return to the Main Menu.
3-99
Audio System(s)
Notice: Before you add any sound equipment to
your vehicle – like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio – be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very important
to do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s engine,
radio or other systems, and even damage them.
Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been added
improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and to give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with
it first. Figure out which radio you have in your vehicle,
find out what your audio system can do and how to
operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio
system even after the ignition is turned off. See
“Retained Accessory Power (RAP)” under Ignition
Positions on page 2-22.
3-100
Setting the Time
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until SET CLOCK
appears on the display.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to select SET CLOCK.
4. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob to adjust the time.
5. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to update the time.
VEHICLE TIME UPDATED will appear on the
display.
If the CLOCK/RADIO DISP is configured into one of the
configurable keys, pressing the key will switch the
display between the radio station frequency and the
time. See “Configurable Radio Display Keys” under
Radio with CD on page 3-101 for more information on
configuring the keys.
Radio with CD
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
Single CD Player Audio System Shown – Six-CD
CD Player Similar
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station name
or the call letters will appear on the display instead of the
frequency. RDS stations may also provide the time of
day, a program type (PTY) for current programming, and
the name of the program being broadcast.
3-101
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including music,
news, sports, talk, and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or call
1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
AVC (Automatic Volume Compensation): Available
only with the premium Bose® audio system, AVC
monitors the noise in the vehicle and will adjust the
volume level so that it always sounds the same to you.
AVC works best when listening at low volume levels.
At loud listening levels there will be little or no effect.
To turn AVC on and off, perform the following steps:
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until AUTO VOLUME
COMP. appears on the display.
Playing the Radio
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to turn AVC on or off.
An X will appear in the box when AVC is selected on.
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
4. Press the CLR button to exit the display. To return
to the original display, repeatedly press the CLR
button or wait for the display to time out.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
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SOURCE: Press this button to select a source, either
radio or CD. The CD must be loaded to select the
source and to play. CD will appear on the display if a
CD is loaded. If a CD is not loaded the display will
not change from the radio source.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to select FM1, FM2, or AM, or
XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if equipped).
Q SEEK R:
Press the up or the down arrow to seek
to the next or to the previous station and stay there.
SEEK will appear on the display. The sound will mute
while seeking.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
Q SCAN R:
Press the SCAN button to enter
scan mode. SCAN will appear on the display. Press the
up arrow to scan to the next station. The radio will go
to a station, play for 5 seconds, then go on to the
next station. Press this button again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold SCAN for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep and PSCAN
appears on the display. The radio will go to the
first preset station stored on your pushbuttons, play for
5 seconds, then go on to the next preset station.
Press SCAN again to stop scanning presets.
LOCAL/DISTANT Selection: With this feature you can
set the radio to search for local stations or stations that
are further away for a larger selection. To set this feature
to LOCAL or DISTANT, perform the following steps:
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until SEEK LOCAL or
SEEK DISTANT appears on the display.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to select either LOCAL
or DISTANT.
4. Press the CLR button to exit the display. To return
to the original display, repeatedly press the CLR
button or wait for the display to time out.
To search for stations, press the SEEK up or down
arrows. If the system is set to LOCAL, SEEK will appear
in the display and seek to stations with strong signals
only. If the system is set to DISTANT, D-SEEK will
appear in the display and seek to stations with weak and
strong signals.
The radio will scan only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
3-103
Setting Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations
(six FM1, six FM2, and six AM, six XM1 and six XM2
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by performing
the following steps:
To set your preset stations manually, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, or AM, or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
for two seconds until you hear a beep. The set preset
station number will appear on the display above the
pushbutton that it is set to. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton for less than two seconds, the
station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
To set your preset stations with an equalization
setting, DSP setting, or a PTY setting, see each of
these features later in this section. When a preset
station is selected, once one of these additional
settings is selected, the preset station will remember
each setting and it will remain active, until the setting
is selected off for that preset station.
3-104
AUTOSTORE PRESETS: To set your preset stations
automatically, perform the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
4. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until AUTOSTORE
PRESETS appears on the display.
5. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to select. AUTOSTORE
will appear on the display. The radio will
automatically search the band and select and store
the six radio stations with the strongest signal.
The stations will be stored by signal strength, not
sequential order. The set preset station number will
appear on the display above the pushbutton that
it is set to. Whenever you press that numbered
pushbutton for less than two seconds, the station
that is set will return.
6. Press the CLR button to exit the display. To return
to the original display, repeatedly press the CLR
button or wait for the display to time out.
When battery power is removed and later applied,
you will not have to reset your radio presets because
they remain in the radios memory.
PRESETS HOME/AWAY: This feature gives you the
ability to store two different kinds of station presets.
HOME can be used for stations available where you live
and AWAY can be for stations available outside of
your local broadcasting area. To set preset stations for
home and away perform the following steps:
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
To adjust the bass, midrange, and treble, perform the
following steps:
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until BASS-MID-TREBLE
appears on the display.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until PRESETS
HOME/AWAY appears on the display.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter into the tone
settings.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to select your choice.
HOME or AWAY will appear on the display.
4. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to scroll through the
settings.
4. Press the CLR button to exit the display. To return
to the original display, repeatedly press the CLR
button or wait for the display to time out.
5. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob to increase or to decrease
the bass, midrange, or treble. If a station is weak or
noisy you may want to decrease the treble.
Follow the manual or automatic steps previously listed
for setting your preset pushbuttons for both home
and away.
6. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to set your adjustment.
7. Press the CLR button to exit the display. To return to
the original display repeatedly press the CLR button
or wait for the display to time out.
3-105
AUDIO EQUALIZER: This feature allows you to select
customized equalization settings. To choose an
equalization setting (EQ0 through EQ5), perform the
following steps:
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until EQUALIZER
appears on the display.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to set your equalization
setting. The equalization setting will appear on the
display.
4. Press the CLR button to exit the display. To return
to the original display, repeatedly press the CLR
button or wait for the display to time out.
The equalization settings are preset to EQ0 (Normal),
EQ1 (Pop), EQ2 (Rock), EQ3 (Jazz), EQ4 (Talk),
and EQ5 (Country).
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
To adjust the balance or fade, perform the following steps:
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until BASS-MID-TREBLE
appears on the display.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter into the tone
settings.
4. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to scroll to BALANCE
or FADER.
5. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob to adjust the BALANCE
to the right or the left speakers and the FADER to
the front or the rear speakers.
6. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to set your adjustment.
7. Press the CLR button to exit the display. To
return to the original display, repeatedly press
the CLR button or wait for the display to time out.
EQ0 (Normal): EQ0 will not be displayed when in
this mode.
3-106
Using DSP
Available only with the premium Bose® audio system, this
feature is used to provide a choice of five different
listening experiences: DSP normal, talk, spacious, rear
seat and driver seat. DSP can be used while listening to
the radio or the CD player. The radio keeps separate
DSP settings for each band, preset, and source. To
select a DSP choice, perform the following steps:
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until one of the five
settings appears on the display.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to select a DSP setting.
4. Press the CLR button to exit the display. To
return to the original display, repeatedly press
the CLR button or wait for the display to time out.
DSP NORMAL: This setting provides the best overall
audio performance for all passengers. DSP NORMAL
will not be displayed when in this mode.
TALK: This setting should be used when listening to
non-musical material such as news, talk shows,
sports broadcasts, and books on tape. Talk makes
spoken words sound very clear.
REAR SEAT: This setting adjusts the audio to give the
rear seat passenger(s) the best possible sound
quality. Sound quality for the front seat passengers may
be different when this setting is used.
DRIVER SEAT: This setting adjusts the audio to give
the driver the best possible sound quality. Sound quality
for the front and rear seat passenger(s) may be
different when this setting is used.
RDS Messages
ALERT: Alert warns of local and national emergencies.
When, an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station or a related network station, ALERT
will appear on the display. You will hear the
announcement, even if the volume is muted or a CD is
playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop during the
announcement. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. If the radio tunes to a related
network station for the announcement, it will return to the
original station when the announcement is finished.
ALERT will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
SPACIOUS: This setting is used to make the listening
space seem larger.
3-107
MSG (Message): If the current RDS station has a
message, MSG will appear on the display. If the whole
message does not appear on the display, parts of
the message will appear every three seconds until the
message is completed. Once the completed message
has been displayed, MSG will disappear from the display
until another new message is received.
For XM™ (48 contiguous US states, if equipped), press
this button while in XM mode to retrieve four different
categories of information related to the current song or
channel: Artist, Song Title, PTY or Category, or
Channel Number/Channel Name.
If you would like to display the message, perform the
following steps:
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until RECALL RDS
MESSAGE appears on the display.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob. The message will
appear on the display.
Once the message has been displayed, MSG will
disappear from the display until another new message
is received.
3-108
TP (Traffic Program): TP will appear on the display
when the radio detects a signal from an RDS station that
has traffic announcement broadcast capability.
TA (Traffic Announcement): If TA appears on the
display, the tuned radio station broadcasts traffic
announcements and when a traffic announcement
comes on the tuned station you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, when TA is turned on it will seek to a
station that does. When the radio finds a station
that broadcasts traffic announcements, it will stop and
TA will be displayed. When a traffic announcement
comes on the tuned radio station you will hear it. If no
station is found, No Traffic will appear on the display.
Your radio will play traffic announcements if the volume
is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of a CD if the
last tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
To turn TA on or off, perform the following steps:
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until TRAFFIC
ANNOUNCE appears on the display.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to select ON or OFF.
An X will appear in the box when TA is selected on.
4. Press the CLR button to exit the display. To return
to the original display keep pressing the CLR button
or wait for the display to time out.
Activating Program Type (PTY)
Stations (RDS and XM™)
AF (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency allows
the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type.
PTY allows you to search for stations with specific types
of music. The selectable PTYs are POP, EASY,
TALK, CNTRY (Country), CLASS (Classical), and JAZZ.
To turn AF on or off, perform the following steps:
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until ALTERNATE
FREQ. appears on the display.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to select AF OFF,
AF ON, or AF REG. An X will appear in the box
when AF is selected on.
4. Press the CLR button to exit the display. To return
to the original display, repeatedly press the
CLR button or wait for the display to time out.
To activate program types, perform the following steps:
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until PROGRAM TYPE
MODE appears on the display.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to select ON or OFF.
An X will appear in the box when PTY is selected on.
4. Press the CLR button to exit the display. To return
to the original display, repeatedly press the CLR
button or wait for the display to time out.
Once program type is activated the PTYs will appear on
the display above the pushbuttons, in place of the preset
stations (if programmed). Press the pushbutton for the
PTY that you would like to listen to. Not all stations
support PTYs and pressing the pushbutton may not take
you to all of the stations with that music type.
Radio Message
THEFTLOCK: This message is displayed when
the THEFTLOCK® system has been activated.
You must return to the dealer for service.
3-109
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
XM Updating
Updating encryption
code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No XM Signal
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move into
an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
Channel Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune in to another
channel.
Channel Unavail
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
No Artist Info
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this channel.
Your system is working properly.
No Title Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
3-110
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
No CAT Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
No Information
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this time
on this channel. Your system is working properly.
XM Lock
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
XM Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label.
This label is needed to activate your service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Check XM Receiver
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
3-111
Using the Single CD Player
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio are on
the CD will begin playing. CD will appear on the display.
A CD may be loaded with the radio off but it will not
start playing until the radio is on.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or radio, the CD will start to play where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
The CD player can play the smaller 8cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller
CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
3-112
When a CD is inserted the CD functions will appear on
the display above the pushbuttons, in place of the
preset stations (if programmed).
F1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to
the previous track. Press and hold this pushbutton
to reverse quickly within a track. Release the pushbutton
to play the passage. The display will show the elapsed
time of the track.
F2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
Press and hold this pushbutton to advance quickly
within a track. Release the pushbutton to play the
passage. The display will show the elapsed time of
the track.
F3 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to listen to
the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order.
RANDOM will appear on the display. Press RDM again
to turn off random play. RANDOM will disappear
from the display.
F4 RPT (Repeat): Press this pushbutton to hear a
track over again. REPEAT will appear on the display.
Press RPT again to turn off repeat play. REPEAT
will disappear from the display.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to display the
time of the track. Press this pushbutton again to
remove the time of the track from the display.
Q SEEK R: Press the up or the down arrow to seek
to the next or to the previous track on the CD.
Q SCAN:
Press this button to listen to each track for
10 seconds. The CD will go to a track, play for
10 seconds, then go on to the next track. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
X (Eject):
Press this button to stop a CD when it is
playing or to eject a CD when it is not playing. Eject may
be activated with the ignition and the radio off.
Using the Six-CD CD Changer
The CD player can play the smaller 8cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller
CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
When a CD is inserted the CD functions will appear on
the display above the pushbuttons, in place of the
preset stations (if programmed).
LOAD: Press the LOAD button to load CDs into the
CD player. This CD player will hold up to six CDs.
To insert one CD, do the following:
1. The ignition and the radio can be on or off.
2. Press and release the LOAD button. Please Wait
will appear on the display.
3. Load the CD, when INSERT appears on the display,
insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull the CD in.
When a CD is inserted, CD will appear on the display,
the number of the CD and the track number will
appear on the display if the radio is on.
If the radio is on, the CD will begin to play automatically.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
3-113
To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. The ignition and the radio can be on or off.
2. Press and hold the LOAD button for two seconds.
You will hear a beep and the display will read
Please Wait.
3. Load the CD, when INSERT appears on the display,
insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull the CD in.
Do not load a CD until INSERT appears on the
display. The CD player will take up to six CDs.
Do not try to load more than six. If you want to load
less than six CDs, load the desired amount. The CD
player will time out when it does not receive any more
CDs and the last CD loaded will begin to play.
If the radio is on, the last CD loaded will begin to play
automatically.
F1 CDn(Down): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous CD.
F2 CDm(Up): Press this pushbutton to go to the
next CD.
CD REV { (Reverse): Press this pushbutton to go to
the previous track. Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within the track. Release the pushbutton
to play the passage. The display will show the elapsed
time of the track.
3-114
CD FWD | (Forward): Press this pushbutton to go to
the next track. Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within the track. Release the pushbutton
to play the passage. The display will show the elapsed
time of the track.
F5 MODE: Press this pushbutton to select from
NORMAL, RPT TRCK (Repeat Track), RPT CD
(Repeat CD), RDM TRK (Random Track), and RDM
ALL (Random All CDs).
• NORMAL: Sets the system for normal play of the
CD(s). NORMAL will not be displayed when in
this mode.
• RPT TRCK (Repeat Track): Repeats the track over
again. RPT TRCK will appear on the display. Press
the MODE pushbutton again to turn off repeat
play. RPT TRCK will disappear from the display.
• RPT CD (Repeat CD): Repeats the CD over again.
RPT DISC will appear on the display. Press the
MODE pushbutton again to turn off repeat play.
RPT DISC will disappear from the display.
• RDM TRK (Random Track): Plays the tracks on
the current CD in random, rather than sequential,
order. RDM TRK will appear on the display.
Press the MODE pushbutton again to turn off
random play. RDM TRK will disappear from
the display.
• RDM ALL (Random All CDs): Plays all of the CDs
loaded and tracks in random, rather than sequential,
order. RDM ALL will appear on the display. Press
the MODE pushbutton again to turn off random play.
RDM ALL will disappear from the display.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to display
the time of the track. Press this pushbutton again
to display CD PLAY and press this pushbutton once
more to clear the display.
Q SEEK R: Press the up or the down arrow to seek
to the next or to the previous track on the CD.
Q SCAN:
Press this button to listen to each track for
10 seconds. The CD will go to a track, play for
10 seconds, then go on to the next track. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
X (Eject):
Press this button to eject the CD that is
currently playing, or press and hold this button to
eject all of the CDs loaded. you will hear a beep.
Eject may be activated with the ignition or radio off.
CD Messages
If the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following
reasons:
• If it is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• If you are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smooth the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
3-115
Configurable Radio Display Keys
This feature allows you to customize the four keys that
are located on each side of the radio display to
make it easier to adjust the radio features and other
non-radio related features are also available for
customization.
To program the configurable radio display keys, perform
the following steps:
1. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until SETUP appears
on the display.
3. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter into SETUP.
4. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob until CONFIGURE
DISPLAY KEYS appears on the display.
5. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to enter into
CONFIGURE DISPLAY KEYS.
3-116
6. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob to select which of the
four configurable keys you would like to change.
The currently assigned feature will be shown.
7. Press the TUNE/SEL knob to select the configurable
key to change.
8. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob to find the feature that
you would like to store to the key.
9. Press the TUNE/SEL knob when you have found
the feature to be stored. The display will update,
by showing the symbol of the feature that you
selected next to the configurable key.
10. Repeat the previous steps for each configurable key.
Once a feature is programmed to a key, the feature will
not appear on the display when programming the
remaining configurable keys. The configurable keys can
be changed at any time.
Navigation/Radio System
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. Your vehicle has a “built in” theft-deterrent
feature on each radio that is automatic – there is no
programming required. The radio in your vehicle cannot
be used in any other vehicle. When the radio was
originally installed in your vehicle at the factory, it stored
the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Each time
the ignition is turned on, the VIN is verified. If the
vehicle’s VIN does not match the VIN stored in the
radio, THEFTLOCK® will be activated and the audio
system will not play. If the radio is removed from your
vehicle, the original VIN in the radio can be used to trace
the radio back to your vehicle.
Navigation/Radio Display and Controls
The display screen is located in the center of the
instrument panel.
Your vehicle may be equipped with a radio navigation
system that includes Digital Sound Processing (DSP),
Radio Data System (RDS) with Program Type (PTY)
selections that will seek out the kind of music you want to
listen to. The radio system can also communicate with
your navigation system to broadcast announcements on
traffic, weather, and emergency alert communications.
For information on how to use this system, see the
“Navigation System” manual.
3-117
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Some audio controls can be adjusted at the steering
wheel. They include the following:
Volume: Turn the knob to
increase or to decrease
the volume.
e(Band/Source): Press this button to choose FM1,
FM2, AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states,
if equipped), radio, or CD.
For vehicles with the six-disc CD changer radio: If none
of the audio sources are loaded, and this button is
pressed, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear on
the display.
3-118
g (OnStar/Voice Recognition): Press this button to
interact with the OnStar® system. See the OnStar®
manual provided with your vehicle for more information.
If your vehicle does not have the OnStar® System,
pressing this button will silence the system. Press this
button again or turn the VOL knob to turn the sound on.
If your vehicle has the optional navigation system,
you can press this button to initiate voice recognition.
See “Voice Recognition” in the Navigation System
manual for more information. You may also be able to
interact with the OnStar® system using this button.
See the OnStar® manual provided with your vehicle for
more information.
See Reconfigureable
Steering Wheel Controls
(SWC) on page 3-8
for more information on
this feature.
Understanding Radio Reception
Cellular Phone Usage
AM
Cellular phone usage may cause interference with your
vehicle’s radio. This interference may occur when making
or receiving phone calls, charging the phone’s battery,
or simply having the phone on. This interference is
described as an increased level of static while listening to
the radio. If you notice static while listening to the radio,
unplug the cellular phone and turn it off.
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines.
Try reducing the treble to reduce this noise.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ Satellite Radio Service gives you digital radio
reception from coast to coast. Just as with FM,
tall buildings or hills can interfere with satellite radio
signals, causing the sound to come and go. Your radio
may display NO XM SIGNAL to indicate interference.
Care of Your CDs
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct
sunlight and dust. If the surface of a CD is soiled,
dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent
solution and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling CDs. Pick up CDs by grasping the outer edges
or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of Your CD Player
The use of CD lens cleaners for CDs is not advised,
due to the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics
with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
3-119
Diversity Antenna System
Your AM-FM antenna is integrated with your rear
window defogger, located in the rear window. Be sure
that the inside surface of the rear window is not
scratched and that the lines on the glass are not
damaged. If the inside surface is damaged, it could
interfere with radio reception.
Notice: Do not apply aftermarket glass tinting
with metallic film. The metallic film in some tinting
materials will interfere with or distort the incoming
radio reception. Any damage caused to your
backglass antenna due to metallic tinting materials
will not be covered by your warranty.
Notice: Do not try to clear frost or other material
from the inside of the front windshield and rear
window with a razor blade or anything else that is
sharp. This may damage the rear window defogger
grid and affect your radio’s ability to pickup
stations clearly. The repairs wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
3-120
If, when you turn on your rear window defogger,
you hear static on your radio station, it could mean
that a defogger grid line has been damaged. If this is
true, the grid line must be repaired.
If you choose to add an aftermarket cellular telephone
to your vehicle, and the antenna needs to be attached to
the glass, be sure that you do not damage the grid
lines for the AM-FM antennas or place the cellular
telephone antenna over the grid lines.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System (48 Contiguous US States)
Your XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on the roof
of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of snow and
ice build up for clear radio reception.
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ..........4-2
Defensive Driving ...........................................4-2
Drunken Driving .............................................4-3
Control of a Vehicle ........................................4-6
Braking .........................................................4-6
Traction Control System (TCS) .........................4-9
Stabilitrak® System .......................................4-10
Panic Brake Assist ........................................4-11
Steering ......................................................4-11
Off-Road Recovery .......................................4-14
Passing .......................................................4-14
Loss of Control .............................................4-16
Driving at Night ............................................4-17
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................4-18
City Driving ..................................................4-21
Freeway Driving ...........................................4-22
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................4-23
Highway Hypnosis ........................................4-24
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................4-24
Winter Driving ..............................................4-26
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow ..............................................4-30
Towing ..........................................................4-31
Towing Your Vehicle .....................................4-31
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................4-31
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................4-33
Towing a Trailer ...........................................4-38
4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-9.
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what
they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
4-2
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
distance. It is the best defensive driving maneuver, in
both city and rural driving. You never know when the
vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly.
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task — such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor — makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull off the
road in a safe place to do them yourself. These simple
defensive driving techniques could save your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor
to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population — choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it is against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and
then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too
much” if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less
than many might think. Although it depends on each
person and situation, here is some general information
on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
4-3
According to the American Medical Association, a 180 lb
(82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce (355 ml)
bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC of about
0.06 percent. The person would reach the same BAC by
drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or three
mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of liquors
like whiskey, gin or vodka.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the
same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces or
90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s BAC
would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes
food just before or during drinking will have a somewhat
lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
have a lower relative percentage of body water
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight will when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and
how quickly the person drinks them.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night.
All drivers are impaired at BAC levels above
0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being in
a collision increases sharply for drivers who have a
BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level
of 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of
having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the
chance of this driver having a collision is 12 times
greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is
25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I will be careful” is not the
right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able to
react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving that
many people do not know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking — driver or passenger — is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You can have a serious — or
even fatal — collision if you drive after drinking.
Please do not drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you are with a group, designate a
driver who will not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at
the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that is
only an average. It might be less with one driver and as
long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age,
physical condition, alertness, coordination and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But
even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph
(100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of
distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space
between your vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it is pavement
or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of
the vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice, it is
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control of
your vehicle. Also see Traction Control System (TCS) on
page 4-9.
4-6
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is
a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace
with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.
That means better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake
normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes. ABS is an advanced
electronic braking system that will help prevent a
braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You
may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on, and you may even notice that your
brake pedal moves a little. This is normal.
If there is a problem with
the anti-lock brake system,
this warning light will
stay on. See Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-40.
4-7
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each wheel.
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
4-8
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to
the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear
the anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the
brake pedal pulsate, but this is normal.
This warning light will
come on to let you know
if there’s a problem
with your traction
control system.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System (TCS)
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits
wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the rear wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens,
the system brakes the spinning wheel(s) and/or reduces
engine power to limit wheel spin.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this is
normal.
See Traction Control System (TCS) Warning Light on
page 3-41. When this warning light is on, the system will
not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes
on whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to.
You should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets
stuck in sand, mud or snow and rocking the vehicle
is required. See “Rocking Your Vehicle” under If You Are
Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on page 4-30 for
more information. See also Winter Driving on page 4-26
for information on using TCS when driving in snowy
or icy conditions.
4-9
To turn the system off,
press the TC (traction
control) button located in
the glove box.
If you press the TC button once, the traction control
system will turn off and the traction control system
warning light will come on. Press the TC button again to
turn the system back on. If you press and hold the
TC button for five seconds, the Stabilitrak® system will
turn off. Press the TC button again to turn Stabilitrak®
back on. For more information, see Stabilitrak® System
on page 4-10.
You can program your steering wheel controls and/or
the buttons on the Base audio system to turn the
TCS on or off. See Reconfigureable Steering Wheel
Controls (SWC) on page 3-8 for programming
instructions.
4-10
Stabilitrak® System
Your vehicle may be equipped with a vehicle stability
enhancement system called Stabilitrak®. It is an
advanced computer controlled system that assists you
with directional control of the vehicle in difficult
driving conditions.
Stabilitrak® activates when the computer senses a
discrepancy between your intended path and the
direction the vehicle is actually traveling. Stabilitrak®
selectively applies braking pressure at any one of
the vehicle’s brakes to help steer the vehicle in the
direction which you are steering.
When the system activates, a Stability System Engaged
message will be displayed on the Driver Information
Center. See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-61.
You may also hear a noise or feel vibration in the
brake pedal. This is normal. Continue to steer the
vehicle in the direction you want it to go.
If there is a problem detected with Stabilitrak®, a
Service Stability System message will be displayed on
the Driver Information Center. See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-61. When this message is
displayed, the system is not operational. Driving should
be adjusted accordingly.
Stabilitrak® comes on automatically whenever you start
your vehicle. To help assist you with directional
control of the vehicle, you should always leave the
system on. You can turn Stabilitrak® off if you ever
need to through the TC (traction control) on/off button.
See Traction Control System (TCS) on page 4-9.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the Stabilitrak®
activates, the cruise control will automatically
disengage. When road conditions allow you to safely
use it again, you may reengage the cruise control.
See “Cruise Control” under Turn Signal/Multifunction
Lever on page 3-9 for more information.
Panic Brake Assist
Your vehicle has a panic brake assist system that
monitors the intention of the driver while braking. If the
system senses that the driver has applied hard/fast
pressure to the brake pedal, the system will generate
additional pressure, making it easier for the driver to
maintain brake application. When this happens the brake
pedal will feel easier to push. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let the system work for you. You may feel
the brakes vibrate, or you may notice some noise but this
is normal. The brakes will return to normal operation after
the brake pedal has been released.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Speed Variable Assist Steering
If your vehicle has this system, it varies the amount of
effort required to steer the vehicle in relation to the
speed of the vehicle.
The amount of steering effort required is less at slower
speeds to make the vehicle more maneuverable
and easier to park. At faster speeds, the steering effort
increases to provide a sport-like feel to the steering.
This provides maximum control and stability.
If your vehicle seems harder to steer than normal
when parking or driving slowly, there may be a problem
with the system. You will still have power steering,
but steering will be stiffer than normal at slow speeds.
See your dealer for service.
4-11
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia
will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If
you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you
will understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you
are in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems — steering and acceleration — have to do
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding
the sudden acceleration can demand too much of those
places. You can lose control. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-9.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you
want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions.
Under less favorable conditions you will want to
go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
4-12
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find
a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking — if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can not; there is not room.
That is the time for evasive action — steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First apply your brakes.
See Braking on page 4-6. It is better to remove as
much speed as you can from a possible collision.
Then steer around the problem, to the left or right
depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-13
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
• “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel
to go straight down the roadway.
4-14
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait
for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it is all
right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear).
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you are following a larger
vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if
the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.
Keep back a reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and do
not get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your
pass, you need only slow down and drop back again
and wait for another opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
wait your turn. But take care that someone is not
trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and
check the blind spot.
• Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you can
ease a little to the right.
4-15
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes,
steering and acceleration) do not have enough friction
where the tires meet the road to do what the driver
has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always
possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much
speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
4-16
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid only
the acceleration skid. If your traction control system is
off, then an acceleration skid is also best handled
by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety,
you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction,
try your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues — such as enough water, ice or packed snow
on the road to make a “mirrored surface” — and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
Driving at Night
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Since you can not see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your headlamps can light up only so much
road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much
light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired — by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you
are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night. They may
cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also
make a lot of things invisible.
4-17
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into the approaching headlamps.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean — inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep
your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from
night blindness — the inability to see in dim light — and
are not even aware of it.
4-18
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can not stop, accelerate or turn as well
because your tire-to-road traction is not as good as on
dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread
left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise to
go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while
you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when
your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy
rain can make it harder to see road signs and
traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road
and even people walking.
It is wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you can not, try to slow down before you
hit them.
{CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water
or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until your brakes work normally.
4-19
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the
water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and
you are going fast enough. When your vehicle is
hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in
one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is
standing on the road. If you can see reflections
from trees, telephone poles or other vehicles, and
raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that is
slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle.
If you can not avoid deep puddles or standing water,
drive through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong
forces. If you try to drive through flowing
water, as you might at a low water crossing,
your vehicle can be carried away. As little as
six inches of flowing water can carry away a
smaller vehicle. If this happens, you and other
vehicle occupants could drown. Do not ignore
police warning signs, and otherwise be very
cautious about trying to drive through flowing
water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth. See Tires
on page 5-58.
4-20
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would
for a cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and energy.
See Freeway Driving on page 4-22.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-21
Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep up
with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same speed
most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or too-slow
driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the left lane on
a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check
traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with
the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the
prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your
mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to
the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the
safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in
your “blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
4-22
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not, under
any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to the
next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed
according to your speedometer, not to your sense of
motion. After driving for any distance at higher speeds,
you may tend to think you are going slower than you
actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you are not fresh — such as after
a day’s work — do not plan to make too many miles
that first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing
and shoes you can easily drive in.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course, you
will find experienced and able service experts in GM
dealerships all across North America. They will be ready
and willing to help if you need it.
4-23
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the
wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy.
Do not let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can
leave the road in less than a second, and you could
crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
First, be aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
4-24
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
{CAUTION:
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will
haveto do all the work of slowing down.
They couldget so hot that they would not work
well.You would then have poor braking or even
none going down a hill. You could crash.
Always have your engine running and your
vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transmission. These parts can work hard
on mountain roads.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
{CAUTION:
If you do not shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down
to let your engine assist your brakes on a
steep downhill slope.
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to
•
•
•
a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transmission, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could
be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an
accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or
winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate
action.
4-25
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
4-26
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be
driving under severe conditions, include a small bag of
sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to
help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure these
items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You
will have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
What is the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer
the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is
about freezing (32°F; 0°C) and freezing rain begins
to fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow — drive with caution.
Keep your traction control system on. It improves your
ability to accelerate when driving on a slippery road.
Even though your vehicle has a traction control system,
you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to the
road conditions. See Traction Control System (TCS) on
page 4-9. Also see Stabilitrak® System on page 4-10,
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on
page 4-30 and “Winter Driving Mode Button” under
Automatic Transmission Operation on page 2-26.
4-27
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road.
Even though you have the anti-lock braking system,
you will want to begin stopping sooner than you would
on dry pavement. See Braking on page 4-6.
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
• Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that is covered with ice.
On an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear
in shaded areas where the sun can not reach:
around clumps of trees, behind buildings or under
bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve or
an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding
roads are clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead
of you, brake before you are on it. Try not to brake
while you are actually on the ice, and avoid
sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with
your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near
help and you can hike through the snow. Here are
some things to do to summon help and keep yourself
and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-28
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
you have been stopped by the snow.
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,
floor mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You can not see it
or smell it, so you might not know it is in your
vehicle. Clear away snow from around the
base of your vehicle, especially any that is
blocking your exhaust pipe. And check around
again from time to time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that is away from the wind. This will
help keep CO out.
4-29
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little
faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator
slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get
and it keeps the battery charged. You will need a
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine
again and repeat this only when you feel really
uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as
possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help
keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do
some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until
help comes.
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to
spin your wheels too fast. The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you are stuck,
but you must use caution.
{CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed,
they can explode, and you or others could be
injured. And, the transmission or other parts
ofthe vehicle can overheat. That could cause
an engine compartment fire or other damage.
When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little as
possible. Do not spin the wheels above 35 mph
(55 km/h) as shown on the speedometer.
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of
your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the
wheels too fast while shifting your transmission
back and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
For information about using tire chains on your
vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 5-72.
4-30
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will clear
the area around your front wheels. You should turn your
traction control system off. See Traction Control System
(TCS) on page 4-9. Then shift back and forth between
REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while
you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal when
the transmission is in gear. By slowly spinning your
wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you will
cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle. If that
does not get you out after a few tries, you may need to be
towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see Towing
Your Vehicle on page 4-31.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service
if you need to have your disabled vehicle towed.
See Roadside Service on page 7-6.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle
for recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
see Recreational Vehicle Towing following.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle – such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your
vehicle with all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly
towing” (towing your vehicle with two wheels on
the ground and two wheels up on a device known
as a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
4-31
Here are some important things to consider before you
do recreational vehicle towing:
• What’s the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Be sure you read the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
• Do you have the proper towing equipment?
See your dealer or trailering professional for
additional advice and equipment recommendations.
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you
would prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll
want to make sure your vehicle is prepared to be
towed. See Before Leaving on a Long Trip on
page 4-23.
Dolly Towing
Dinghy Towing
Notice: If you tow your vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground, the transmission could be damaged.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Do not tow your vehicle with all four wheels on
the ground.
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
you should use a dolly. See “Dolly Towing” following for
more information.
4-32
Your vehicle can be towed using a dolly. To tow your
vehicle using a dolly, follow these steps:
1. Put the rear wheels on the dolly.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P) for an automatic
transmission or in NEUTRAL for a manual
transmission.
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
position with a clamping device designed for towing.
5. Release the parking brake.
Loading Your Vehicle
Tire and Loading Information Label
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle
capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants,
cargo and all nonfactory-installed options. Two labels
on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly
carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and the
Certification label.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
Example 1
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
4-33
The Tire and Loading Information label also gives you
the size and recommended inflation pressure for
the factory-installed, original equipment tires on your
vehicle. For more information on tires and inflation see
Tires on page 5-58 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-66.
There is also important loading information on the
Certification label. It tells you the Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR) for the front and rear axle; see “Certification
Label” later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
Example 2
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
The Tire and Loading Information label shows the seating
capacity and the total weight your vehicle can properly
carry. This weight is called the vehicle capacity weight.
If your vehicle has the Tire and Loading Information label,
Example 1, the label is attached to the center pillar,
near the driver’s door latch. If your vehicle has the
Tire-Loading Information label, Example 2, the label is on
the rear edge of the driver’s side rear passenger door.
4-34
1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of
occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX
pounds” on your vehicle placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and
passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of
cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the
“XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five
150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs.
(1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and
cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight
may not safely exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from
your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle.
Consult this manual to determine how this reduces
the available cargo and luggage load capacity of
your vehicle.
If your vehicle can tow a trailer, see Towing a
Trailer on page 4-38 for important information
on towing a trailer, towing safety rules, and
trailering tips.
Example 1
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
Total
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 1 =
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant Weight
150 lbs (68 kg) × 2 =
300 lbs (136 kg)
C
Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight =
700 lbs (317 kg)
4-35
Item
Example 2
Example 3
Loading Your Vehicle
Loading Your Vehicle
Description
Total
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 2 =
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant Weight
150 lbs (68 kg) × 5 =
C
Available Cargo Weight =
Item
Description
Total
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 3 =
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
750 lbs (340 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant Weight
200 lbs (91 kg) × 5 =
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
250 lbs (113 kg)
C
Available Cargo Weight =
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s Tire and Loading Information
label for specific information about your vehicle’s
capacity weight and seating positions. The combined
weight of the driver, passengers, and cargo should
never exceed your vehicle’s capacity weight.
4-36
Certification Label
{CAUTION:
The Certification label is found on the rear edge of the
driver’s side rear passenger door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle or the
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front
or rear axle.
If you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
Don’t carry more than 176 lbs. (80 kg) in the trunk.
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
• Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put them as far forward as you can.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them
are above the tops of the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child restraint
in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
• Do not leave a seat folded down unless
you need to.
Notice: Loading objects that weigh over 400 lbs
(181 kg) onto the sliding rear convenience tray may
cause damage. Repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Do not load heavy objects on
the sliding rear convenience tray.
4-37
Towing a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment and
drive properly, you can lose control when you
pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too
heavy, the brakes may not work well — or even
at all. You and your passengers could be
seriously injured. You may also damage your
vehicle; the resulting repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Pull a trailer only if
you have followed all the steps in this section.
Ask your dealer for advice and information
about towing a trailer with your vehicle.
4-38
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what
the vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer” that
appears later in this section. But trailering is different
than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means
changes in handling, acceleration, braking, durability
and fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested,
important trailering tips and safety rules. Many of
these are important for your safety and that of your
passengers. So please read this section carefully before
you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine,
transmission, rear axle, wheel assemblies and tires are
forced to work harder against the drag of the added
weight. The engine is required to operate at relatively
higher speeds and under greater loads, generating extra
heat. What’s more, the trailer adds considerably to
wind resistance, increasing the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide to Pull a Trailer
Weight of the Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but also
where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
• Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(805 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
• Then,during the first 500 miles (805 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
• Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers, or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h), to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
• the weight of the trailer,
• the weight of the trailer tongue
• and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs. (454 kg).
But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information
or advice, or you can write us at:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa,
Ontario L1H 8P7
4-39
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total or gross weight of
your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) includes
the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in
it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. IF you
have a lot of options, equipment, passengers, or cargo in
your vehicle, it will reduce the tongue weight your vehicle
can carry, which will also reduce the trailer weight your
vehicle can tow. And if you tow a trailer, you must add the
tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle will be
carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your Vehicle on
page 4-33 for more information about your vehicle’s
maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch or a
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should
weigh 10 to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer
weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and then
the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are proper.
If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right simply by
moving some items around in the trailer.
4-40
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Safety Chains
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on
the Tire-Loading Information label. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-33. Then be sure you don’t go
over the GVW limit for your vehicle, including the weight
of the trailer tongue.
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop
to the road if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains may be provided by
the hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper.
Always leave just enough slack so you can turn
with your rig. And, never allow safety chains to drag
on the ground.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
• The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended
for hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or
other bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the
bumper.
• Will you have to make any holes in the body of
your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
If you do, then be sure to seal the holes later when
you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them,
deadly carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust
can get into your vehicle. See Engine Exhaust
on page 2-38. Dirt and water can, too.
Trailer Brakes
Because your vehicle has anti-lock brakes, don’t try to
tap into your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system. If you do,
both brake systems won’t work well, or at all.
Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain
them properly.
4-41
Driving with a Trailer
Passing
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Before you start, check all trailer hitch parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connector, lamps,
tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has electric
brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and then
apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer
brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require
heavy braking and sudden turns.
4-42
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
Making Turns
Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a different
turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check with your
dealer. The arrows on your instrument panel will flash
whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly
hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other
drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving on Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the
possibility of the engine and the transmission
overheating.
Parking on Hills
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People
can be injured, and both your vehicle and the
trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill,
here’s how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) for an automatic transmission or into gear
for a manual transmission.
When parking uphill, turn your wheels away from
the curb. When parking downhill, turn your wheels
into the curb.
2. Have someone place chocks behind the trailer
wheels.
3. When the chocks are in place, release the regular
brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4-43
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake and shift into PARK (P) for an
automatic transmission or REVERSE (R) for a
manual transmission.
5. Release the regular brakes.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
• start your engine,
• shift into a gear, and
• release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store
the chocks.
4-44
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See Scheduled Maintenance on
page 6-4 for more information. Things that are especially
important in trailer operation are automatic transmission
fluid (don’t overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, drive
belt, cooling system and brake system. Each of these is
covered in this manual, and the Index will help you
find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to
review this information before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See Engine Overheating on
page 5-30.
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work .........................5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle ..............................................5-4
Fuel ................................................................5-4
Gasoline Octane ............................................5-4
Gasoline Specifications ....................................5-5
California Fuel ...............................................5-5
Additives .......................................................5-6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................5-6
Filling Your Tank ............................................5-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .......................5-9
Checking Things Under the Hood ....................5-10
Hood Release ..............................................5-11
Engine Compartment Overview .......................5-12
Engine Oil ...................................................5-16
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................5-22
Automatic Transmission Fluid .........................5-24
Manual Transmission Fluid .............................5-25
Hydraulic Clutch
(Manual Transmission) ...............................5-26
Engine Coolant .............................................5-27
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap ..................5-30
Engine Overheating .......................................5-30
Cooling System ............................................5-33
Power Steering Fluid .....................................5-39
Windshield Washer Fluid ................................5-40
Brakes ........................................................5-41
Battery ........................................................5-44
Jump Starting ...............................................5-45
Rear Axle .......................................................5-51
Bulb Replacement ..........................................5-52
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting ............5-52
Halogen Bulbs ..............................................5-52
Headlamps ..................................................5-52
Front Turn Signal and Fog Lamps ...................5-53
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) .........5-53
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Sidemarker Lamps .....................................5-54
Back-Up and License Plate Lamps ..................5-55
Replacement Bulbs .......................................5-55
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............5-56
Tires ..............................................................5-58
Inflation - Tire Pressure .................................5-66
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................5-67
When It Is Time for New Tires .......................5-68
Buying New Tires .........................................5-68
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................5-69
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................5-71
Wheel Replacement ......................................5-71
Tire Chains ..................................................5-72
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................5-73
Changing a Flat Tire .....................................5-74
Compact Spare Tire ......................................5-85
Appearance Care ............................................5-86
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .................5-86
Care of Safety Belts ......................................5-88
Weatherstrips ...............................................5-88
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle ..............5-89
Sheet Metal Damage .....................................5-91
Finish Damage .............................................5-91
5-2
Underbody Maintenance ................................5-91
Chemical Paint Spotting .................................5-91
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ..................5-92
Vehicle Identification ......................................5-93
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) .................5-93
Service Parts Identification Label .....................5-93
Electrical System ............................................5-93
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..........................5-93
Windshield Wiper Fuses ................................5-94
Power Windows and Other Power Options .......5-94
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ............................5-94
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion ..................5-100
Capacities and Specifications ........................5-106
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you will go to your dealer
for all your service needs. You will get genuine GM parts
and GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work,
you will want to use the proper service manual. It tells
you much more about how to service your vehicle
than this manual can. To order the proper service
manual, see Service Publications Ordering Information
on page 7-12.
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see Servicing Your
Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-58.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and
list the mileage and the date of any service work
you perform. See Maintenance Record on page 6-16.
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
5-3
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
•
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle
can affect the airflow around it. This may cause
wind noise and affect windshield washer performance.
Check with your dealer before adding equipment to
the outside of your vehicle.
5-4
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
proper maintenance of your vehicle.
Gasoline Octane
Use premium unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of
91 or higher for best performance. You may also use
middle grade or regular unleaded gasoline rated at
87 octane or higher, but your vehicle’s acceleration may
be slightly reduced. If the octane is less than 87, you
may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this
occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher
as soon as possible. Otherwise, you might damage
your engine.
Gasoline Specifications
California Fuel
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by automobile manufacturers
around the world and contained in the World-Wide
Fuel Charter which is available from the Alliance
of Automobile Manufacturers at www.autoalliance.org.
Gasoline meeting these specifications could provide
improved driveability and emission control system
performance compared to other gasoline.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label),
it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-42 )
and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is
caused by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be
covered by your warranty.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the pump.
Canada Only
5-5
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work properly.
You should not have to add anything to your fuel.
However, some gasolines contain only the minimum
amount of additive required to meet U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency regulations. General Motors
recommends that you buy gasolines that are advertised
to help keep fuel injectors and intake valves clean. If your
vehicle experiences problems due to dirty injectors or
valves, try a different brand of gasoline.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in
your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel
system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage would not be covered under
your warranty.
5-6
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does
not recommend the use of such gasolines. Fuels
containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs and
the performance of the emission control system may
be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on.
If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not
be covered by your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you will be driving.
Filling Your Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can
cause bad injuries. To help avoid injuries to you
and others, read and follow all the instructions
on the pump island. Turn off your engine when
you are refueling. Do not smoke if you are near
fuel or refueling your vehicle. Keep sparks,
flames and smoking materials away from fuel.
Do not leave the fuel pump unattended when
refueling your vehicle — this is against the law
in some places. Keep children away from the
fuel pump; never let children pump fuel.
The tethered fuel cap is
behind a hinged door on
the passenger’s side of
the vehicle.
To open the fuel door, push inward on the forward
edge of the fuel door until the rear edge can be pulled
outward.
5-7
While refueling, hang the
fuel cap by the tether from
the hook on the fuel door.
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something ignites it,
you could be badly burned. Fuel can spray out
on you if you open the fuel cap too quickly.
This spray can happen if your tank is nearly full,
and is more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel
cap slowly and wait for any “hiss” noise to stop.
Then unscrew the cap all the way.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it;
if you let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to
the right.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Don’t top off or overfill your
tank, and wait a few seconds after you’ve finished
pumping before you remove the nozzle. Clean fuel from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See Cleaning
the Outside of Your Vehicle on page 5-89.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-42.
5-8
The Check Gas Cap message will appear on the Driver
Information Center (DIC) display if the fuel cap is not
reinstalled properly. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-61 for more information.
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do not
remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel
by shutting off the pump or by notifying the
station attendant. Leave the area immediately.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get the
right type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light and
may damage your fuel tank and emissions system.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-42.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to
you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
5-9
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
5-10
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts
and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To lift the hood, use the following steps:
1. Pull the lever inside the vehicle to open the hood.
It is located on the lower left side of the instrument
panel.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and find the
secondary hood release lever. The lever is
located under the front edge of the grille near the
center. Move the release lever to the side and raise
the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are on
properly. Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
5-11
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the 3.2L V6, you’ll see the following:
5-12
A. Battery. See Battery on page 5-44.
B. Underhood Fuse Block. See Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 5-94.
C. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-40.
D. Passenger Compartment Air Filter. See Passenger
Compartment Air Filter on page 3-32.
E. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir. See Power Steering
Fluid on page 5-39.
F. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See Engine Oil on page 5-16.
G. Engine Oil Dipstick. See Engine Oil on page 5-16.
H. Engine Coolant Heater Cord. See Engine Coolant
Heater on page 2-25.
I. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See Brakes on
page 5-41.
J. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-22.
K. Hydraulic Clutch Reservoir (Manual Transmission).
See Hydraulic Clutch (Manual Transmission) on
page 5-26.
L. Engine Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap.
See Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap on page 5-30
and Cooling System on page 5-33.
5-13
When you open the hood on the 3.6L HFV6, you’ll see the following:
5-14
A. Underhood Fuse Block. See Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 5-94.
B. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-40.
C. Battery. See Battery on page 5-44.
D. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir. See Power Steering
Fluid on page 5-39.
E. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See Engine Oil on page 5-16.
F. Engine Oil Dipstick. See Engine Oil on page 5-16.
G. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See Brakes
on page 5-41.
H. Engine Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap.
See Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap on page 5-30
and Cooling System on page 5-33.
I. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-22.
5-15
Checking Engine Oil
Engine Oil
If the oil pressure light
and/or the Oil Pressure
Low – Stop Engine
message on the DIC
appears on the instrument
cluster, it means you
need to check your engine
oil level right away.
For more information, see “Oil Pressure Low – Stop
Engine” under DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 3-61 and Oil Pressure Light on page 3-46.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
5-16
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine oil dipstick.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you do not do this, the
oil dipstick might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the lower mark, then you will
need to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use
the right kind. This section explains what kind of oil
to use. For engine oil crankcase capacity, see
Capacities and Specifications on page 5-106.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If your engine has
so much oil that the oil level gets above the upper
mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
3.2L V6 Engine
3.6L V6 Engine
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine oil fill cap.
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level somewhere
in the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all
the way back in when you are through.
5-17
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Look for two things:
• GM4718M
Your vehicle’s engine requires a special oil meeting
GM Standard GM4718M. Oils meeting this
standard may be identified as synthetic. However,
not all synthetic oils will meet this GM standard.
You should look for and use only an oil that meets
GM Standard GM4718M.
Notice: If you use oils that do not have the
GM4718M Standard designation, you can cause
engine damage not covered by your warranty.
5-18
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is best
for your vehicle. However, you can use SAE 10W-30
if it is going to be 0°F (–18°C) or above.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should also
have the starburst
symbol on the container.
This symbol indicates
that the oil has been
certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Your vehicle’s engine is filled at the factory with a
Mobil 1® synthetic oil, which meets all requirements for
your vehicle.
Substitute Engine Oil: when adding oil to maintain
engine oil level, oil meeting GM Standard GM4718M
may not be available. You can add substitute oil
designated SAE 5W-30 with the starburst symbol
at all temperatures. If temperatures are above
0°F (–18°C), you may substitute SAE 10W-30 with
the starburst symbol. Substitute oil not meeting
GM Standard GM4718M should not be used for an
oil change.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol that meet GM Standard
GM4718M are all you will need for good performance
and engine protection.
You should look for this on the oil container, and use
only those oils that are identified as meeting GM
Standard GM4718M and have the starburst symbol on
the front of the oil container.
5-19
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System)
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based on
engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not on
mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage at
which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly,
you must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A Change Engine Oil message in the DIC
will come on. Change your oil as soon as possible within
the next two times you stop for fuel. It is possible that,
if you are driving under the best conditions, the oil
life system may not indicate that an oil change is
necessary for over a year. However, your engine oil
and filter must be changed at least once a year and at
5-20
this time the system must be reset. Your dealer has
GM-trained service people who will perform this
work using genuine GM parts and reset the system.
It is also important to check your oil regularly and keep
it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must
change your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your
last oil change. Remember to reset the oil life system
whenever the oil is changed.
How to Reset the Change Engine Oil
Message and the Oil Life Indicator
The GM Oil Life System calculates when to change
your engine oil and filter based on vehicle use.
Anytime your oil is changed, reset the system so it can
calculate when the next oil change is required. If a
situation occurs where you change your oil prior to a
Change Engine Oil Message in the DIC being turned on,
reset the system.
After the oil has been changed, the Change Engine
Oil message and the oil life indicator must be reset.
To reset the message and indicator, use one of
the following procedures:
Base Audio System
Press the CLR button located to the right of the DIC
display to acknowledge the Change Engine Oil
message. This will clear the message from the display
and reset it.
To reset the oil life indicator, use the following steps:
1. Press the up or down arrow on the INFO button
located to the right of the DIC display to access
the DIC menu.
2. Once XXX% ENGINE OIL LIFE menu item is
highlighted, press and hold the CLR button.
The percentage will return to 100, and the oil life
indicator will be reset. Repeat the steps if the
percentage does not return to 100.
3. Turn the key to OFF.
If the Change Engine Oil message comes back on
when you start your vehicle, the engine oil life system
has not reset. Repeat the procedure.
Navigation System
Press the multi-function button, next to the OK prompt
in the upper right of the display to acknowledge the
Change Engine Oil message. This will clear the
message from the display and reset it.
To reset the oil life indicator, use the following steps:
1. Turn the system on by pressing the PWR/VOL knob
once. The PWR/VOL knob is located to the lower
left of the DIC display.
2. Press the INFO button located to the left of the
display to access the Vehicle Info (Information) menu.
3. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob located to the lower right
of the display until Engine Oil Life is highlighted.
Press the knob once to select it.
4. Once XXX% Engine Oil Life is displayed, press the
multi-function button next to the Reset prompt in the
upper right corner of the display.
The percentage will return to 100, and the oil life
indicator will be reset. Repeat the steps if the
percentage does not return to 100.
5. Turn the key to OFF.
If the Change Engine Oil message comes back on
when you start your vehicle, the engine oil life system
has not reset. Repeat the procedure.
5-21
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long.
Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from
the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting
it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers,
or into streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by
taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have
a problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask your
dealer, a service station or a local recycling center
for help.
5-22
The engine air cleaner/filter is in the engine compartment
on the driver’s side of the vehicle, near the front.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12
for more information on location.
When to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at every oil change and
replace it at the first oil change after 25,000 miles
(40 000 km)
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the air cleaner/filter remove the filter from
the vehicle and lightly shake the filter to release
loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains caked with dirt,
a new filter is required.
To inspect or replace the filter, do the following:
1. Remove the two screws located on the sides of
the cover.
2. Lift the cover off.
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned.
The air cleaner not only cleans the air, it helps
to stop flame if the engine backfires. If it is
not there and the engine backfires, you could
be burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get
into your engine, which will damage it. Always have
the air cleaner/filter in place when you are driving.
3. Pull out the old engine air cleaner/filter.
4. Install a new engine air cleaner/filter, if needed.
See Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts on
page 6-15 for the correct part number for the filter.
5. Reinstall the cover by reversing Steps 1 and 2.
5-23
Automatic Transmission Fluid
It is not necessary to check the transmission fluid level.
A transmission fluid leak is the only reason for fluid
loss. If a leak occurs, take your vehicle to the dealership
service department and have it repaired as soon as
possible. You may also have your fluid level checked by
your dealer or service center when you have your oil
changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
• In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
• In hilly or mountainous terrain.
• When doing frequent trailer towing.
• Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
Notice: We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRON®-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transmission.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON®-III is
not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
5-24
How to Reset the Change
Transmission Fluid Message and
the Transmission Fluid Indicator
(Automatic Transmission)
After the transmission fluid has been changed, the
Change Trans Fluid message and the transmission fluid
life indicator must be reset. To reset the message
and indicator, use one of the following procedures:
Base Audio System
Press the CLR button located to the right of the DIC
display to acknowledge the CHANGE TRANS FLUID
message. This will clear the message from the display
and reset it.
To reset the transmission fluid life indicator, use the
following steps:
1. Press the up or down arrow on the INFO button
located to the right of the DIC display to access
the DIC menu.
2. Once the XXX% TRANS FLUID LIFE menu item
is highlighted, press and hold the CLR button.
The percentage will return to 100, and the
transmission fluid life indicator will be reset.
3. Repeat the steps if the percentage does not return
to 100.
Navigation System
Press the multi-function button located to the right of the
DIC display, next to the OK prompt to acknowledge
the Change Trans Fluid message. This will clear
the message from the display and reset it.
To reset the transmission fluid life indicator, use the
following steps:
1. Turn the system on by pressing the PWR/VOL knob
once. The PWR/VOL knob is located to the lower
left of the DIC display.
2. Press the INFO button located to the left of
the DIC display to access the Vehicle Info
(Information) menu.
3. Turn the TUNE/SEL knob located to the lower
right of the DIC display until Trans Fluid Life is
highlighted. Press the knob once to select it.
4. Once XXX% Trans Fluid Life is displayed, press the
multi-function button next to the Reset prompt in the
upper right corner of the display.
The percentage will return to 100, and the
transmission fluid life indicator will be reset.
Manual Transmission Fluid
When to Check
A good time to have it checked is when the engine oil is
changed. However, the fluid in your manual transmission
doesn’t require changing.
How to Check
Because this operation can be difficult, you may choose
to have this done at your Cadillac dealership service
department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading.
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage
your transmission. Too much can mean that some
of the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
part or exhaust system parts, starting a fire.
Too little fluid could cause the transmission to
overheat. Be sure to get an accurate reading if you
check your transmission fluid.
5. Repeat the steps if the percentage does not return
to 100.
5-25
Check the fluid level only when your engine is off, the
vehicle is parked on a level place and the transmission
is cool enough for you to rest your fingers on the
transmission case.
Then, follow these steps:
1. Remove the filler plug.
2. Check that the lubricant level is up to the bottom of
the filler plug hole.
3. If the fluid level is good, install the plug and be sure
it is fully seated. If the fluid level is low, add more
fluid as described in the next steps.
Hydraulic Clutch
(Manual Transmission)
It is not necessary to regularly check clutch fluid unless
you suspect there is a leak in the system. Adding
fluid won’t correct a leak.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
When to Check and What to Use
How to Add Fluid
Here’s how to add fluid. See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-13 to determine which type of
fluid to use.
1. Remove the filler plug.
2. Add fluid at the filler plug hole. Add only enough
fluid to bring the fluid level up to the bottom of the
filler plug hole.
3. Install the filler plug. Be sure the plug is fully seated.
The hydraulic clutch reservoir is located in the engine
compartment on the driver’s side, near the brake master
cylinder reservoir. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for more information on location.
5-26
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often you should check the fluid level in your clutch
master cylinder reservoir and for the proper fluid.
See Owner Checks and Services on page 6-10 and
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-13.
How to Check and Add Fluid
Make sure the fluid level is
at the MIN line shown.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add
only DEX-COOL® extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating, see Engine Overheating on
page 5-30.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
• Give freezing protection down to −34 F (−37° C).
• Give boiling protection up to 265° F (129° C).
• Protect against rust and corrosion.
• Help keep the proper engine temperature.
• Let the warning lights and gages work as they
should.
If it isn’t, remove the cap and add the proper fluid until
the level reaches the MIN line on the side of the
reservoir.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
5-27
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture,
you don’t need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the
proper coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s
coolant warning system is set for the proper
coolant mixture. With plain water or the wrong
mixture, your engine could get too hot but
you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
5-28
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture,
your engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost would not be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you do not
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system. These can be harmful.
Checking Coolant
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you
badly. Never turn the surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — when the engine and
radiator are hot.
The coolant surge tank and pressure cap are located on
the driver’s side of the vehicle, toward the rear of the
engine compartment. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for more information on location.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the
FULL COLD/FROID line on the side of the surge tank.
Follow the arrow from the top of the tank down the
side to the horizontal mark.
If the Check Coolant Level message in the DIC comes on
and stays on, it means you’re low on engine coolant.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-61 for more
information.
5-29
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
hand-tight.
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Notice: If the surge tank pressure cap is not tightly
installed, coolant loss and possible engine damage
may occur. Be sure the cap is properly and
tightly secured.
5-30
Engine Overheating
There are three engine hot messages that may be
displayed in the Driver Information Center (DIC).
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-61
for more information.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
This emergency operating mode allows your vehicle to
be driven to a safe place in an emergency situation.
Should an overheated engine condition exist, an
overheat protection mode which alternates firing groups
of cylinders helps prevent engine damage. In this
mode, you will notice a significant loss in power and
engine performance. A low coolant and/or engine
overheat indicator will communicate that an overheat
condition exists. Towing a trailer in the overheat
protection mode should be avoided.
Notice: After driving in the overheated engine
protection mode, to avoid engine damage, allow
the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severley degraded.
Repair the cause of the coolant loss and change
the oil. See ‘‘Engine Oil’’ in the Index.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you badly, even if you just open the hood.
Stay away from the engine if you see or hear
steam coming from it. Just turn it off and get
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned. Stop
your engine if it overheats, and get out of the
vehicle until the engine is cool.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
5-31
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
An overheat warning, along with a Check Coolant Level
message, can indicate a serious problem. See DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 3-61.
If you get an engine overheat warning with no Check
Coolant Level message, but see or hear no steam,
the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
• Climb a long hill on a hot day.
• Stop after high-speed driving.
• Idle for long periods in traffic.
• Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in NEUTRAL (N)
while stopped. If it is safe to do so, pull off the road,
shift to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and let the
engine idle.
2. Set the temperature control to the highest heat
setting and open the windows, as necessary.
5-32
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues and you have not stopped,
pull over, stop, and park your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for three minutes while you’re parked. If you still
have the warning, turn off the engine and get everyone
out of the vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood
can start up even when the engine is not
running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
3.2L V6 shown
A. Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
5-33
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Do not touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak.
If you run the engine, it could lose all coolant.
That could cause an engine fire, and you could
be burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive
the vehicle.
The coolant level should be at or slightly above the
FULL COLD/FROID line on the side of the coolant surge
tank. If it isn’t, you may have a leak at the pressure
cap or in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator,
water pump or somewhere else in the cooling system.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check
to see if the electric engine cooling fans are running.
If the engine is overheating, both fans should be
running. If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
Notice: Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant is not covered by your warranty.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
5-34
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, check to see if coolant
is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is visible but the
coolant level isn’t at the FULL COLD/FROID line on the
side of the coolant surge tank, add a 50/50 mixture of
clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant at the
coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure cap, is cool
before you do it. See Engine Coolant on page 5-27
for more information.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Never turn the cap when the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure cap,
is hot. Wait for the cooling system and coolant
surge tank pressure cap to cool if you ever
have to turn the pressure cap.
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly.
They are under pressure, and if you turn the
coolant surge tank pressure cap — even a
little — they can come out at high speed.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
5-35
{CAUTION:
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add coolant
as follows:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
5-36
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface. You can
remove the coolant surge tank pressure cap
when the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose,
is no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise (left) about one-quarter turn and
then stop.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss
means there is still some pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap slowly, and
remove it.
3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to slightly above the FULL COLD/FROID
line on the side of the coolant surge tank.
5-37
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,
start the engine and let it run until you can feel
the upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for
the engine cooling fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge tank
until the level reaches the FULL COLD/FROID
line on the side of the coolant surge tank.
5-38
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the
pressure cap is hand-tight and fully seated.
Start the engine and allow it to warm up. If the Check
Coolant Level message does not appear on the
Driver Information Center, coolant is at the proper fill
level. If a Check Coolant Level message does appear,
repeat Steps 1 to 3 and reinstall the pressure cap or
see your dealer.
Power Steering Fluid
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the power steering fluid reservoir.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark.
If necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the
level up to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-13.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
5-39
Windshield Washer Fluid
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until the
tank is full.
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will
be operating your vehicle in an area where the
temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid, follow
the manufacturer’s instructions for adding
water.
The Check Washer Fluid message will appear on the
DIC when the fluid level is low. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-61 for more information.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
The windshield washer fluid reservoir is located on the
passenger’s side of the vehicle near the front of the
engine compartment. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for more information on location.
Water can cause the solution to freeze and
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts
of the washer system. Also, water does not
clean as well as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters
full when it is very cold. This allows for
expansion if freezing occurs, which could
damage the tank if it is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in your
windshield washer. It can damage your washer
system and paint.
5-40
Brakes
Brake Fluid
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in,
the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is that
fluid is leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you
should have your brake system fixed, since a leak
means that sooner or later your brakes will not work
well, or will not work at all.
So, it is not a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you will have too
much fluid when you get new brake linings. You should
add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is filled with DOT-3
brake fluid. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for the location of the reservoir.
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
5-41
If the ignition is in ON and the brake fluid is low, the
“Check Brake Fluid” message will be displayed in
the DIC. See “Check Brake Fluid Message” under DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 3-61.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-39.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-13.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help
keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
5-42
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
system parts. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system parts so
badly that they will have to be replaced. Do not
let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged.
Be careful not to spill brake fluid on your
vehicle. If you do, wash it off immediately.
See Appearance Care on page 5-86.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound
may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle
is moving (except when you are pushing on the
brake pedal firmly).
Brake Pedal Travel
{CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes will not work well. That could lead
to an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in
the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together
if the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake parts.
When you replace parts of your braking system — for
example, when your brake linings wear down and you
need new ones put in — be sure you get new approved
GM replacement parts. If you do not, your brakes may no
longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
between your front and rear brakes can change — for the
worse. The braking performance you have come to
expect can change in many other ways if someone puts
in the wrong replacement brake parts.
5-43
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelco® battery. When it is time for a new battery,
get one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco®
battery. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for battery location.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
are not careful. See Jump Starting on page 5-45
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
5-44
After a power loss, such as disconnecting the battery or
removing the maxi fuses in the power distribution
fuse block, the following steps must be performed to
calibrate the electronic throttle control. If this is not done,
the engine will not run properly.
1. Turn the ignition key to ON. Do not start the engine.
2. Leave the ignition in ON for at least three minutes
so that the electronic throttle control will cycle and
re-learn its home position.
3. Turn the ignition to OFF.
4. Start and run the engine for at least 30 seconds.
Also, for your audio system, see Theft-Deterrent Feature
on page 3-117.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to follow the steps below to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly, some or
all of these things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that would not be covered
by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling it
will not work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a 12-volt
system with a negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged. Only use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved
in the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transmission in PARK (P) or a manual transmission
in NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other accessories
on during the jump starting procedure, they could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Always turn off your radio and
other accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or in the accessory power outlets. Turn off
the radio and all lamps that aren’t needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it
could save your radio!
5-45
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing
this, and some have been blinded. Use a
flashlight if you need more light.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (−) terminal locations on
each vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for more information on location of the
battery.
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
5-46
Be sure the battery has enough water. You do
not need to add water to the ACDelco® battery
installed in your new vehicle. But if a battery
has filler caps, be sure the right amount of
fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take care
of that first. If you do not, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Do not get it on you. If you accidentally get it
in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place
with water and get medical help immediately.
{CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
Don’t connect positive (+) to the negative (−) or you
will get a short that would damage the battery
and maybe other parts, too. And don’t connect the
negative (−) cable to negative (−) terminal on
the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could also be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if the
vehicle has one. Negative (−) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Notice: If you connect a negative cable to the ECM,
ECM mounting bracket or any cables that attach
to the ECM bracket, you may damage the ECM.
Attach the negative cable to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part, other than the ECM, ECM bracket
or cables attached to the ECM bracket.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the dead battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
5-47
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black
negative (−) cable to
the negative terminal of
the good battery. Use a
remote negative (−)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The other end of the negative (−) cable doesn’t
go to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part or to a remote negative (−)
terminal on the vehicle with the dead battery.
5-48
9. Connect the other end
of the negative (−)
cable at least 18 inches
(45 cm) away from
the dead battery,
but not near engine
parts that move.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that has the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
Notice: If the jumper cables are removed in the
wrong order, electrical shorting may occur and
damage the vehicle. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Remove the jumper
cables in the correct order, making sure that the
cables do not touch each other or other metal.
The electrical connection is just as good there, and
the chance of sparks getting back to the battery
is much less.
5-49
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other
vehicle.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
5-50
Rear Axle
When to Check Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check rear axle fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak or you hear an
unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate a problem.
Have it inspected and repaired.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-13.
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
5-51
Bulb Replacement
For the proper type of replacement bulb, see
Replacement Bulbs on page 5-55.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
High Intensity Discharge (HID)
Lighting
Halogen Bulbs
{CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
Your vehicle may be equipped with HID headlamps.
{CAUTION:
The low beam high intensity discharge lighting
system operates at a very high voltage. If you
try to service any of the system components,
you could be seriously injured. Have your
dealer or a qualified technician service them.
Your vehicle may have HID headlamps. After your
vehicle’s HID headlamp bulb has been replaced,
you may notice that the beam is a slightly different
shade than it was originally. This is normal.
5-52
Headlamps
It is recommended that this component be replaced as
a unit. See your dealer.
Front Turn Signal and Fog Lamps
A. Turn Signal Lamp
B. Fog Lamp
3. Remove the bulb socket from the housing by
turning the bulb socket one-quarter turn
counterclockwise.
4. Remove the electrical connector from the bulb by
lifting the two plastic clips.
5. Pull the old bulb from the bulb socket keeping the
bulb straight as you pull it out.
6. Install a new bulb.
7. Reverse the steps to reinstall the lamp assembly.
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
(CHMSL)
1. Remove the protection shield located on the
underside of the front of the vehicle by pulling
out the push-pins located on the underside of the
protection shield.
It is recommended that this component be replaced as
a unit. See your dealer.
2. Reach up behind the front bumper area from under
the vehicle to access the lamp housing.
5-53
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps
and Sidemarker Lamps
A. Tail and Stop Lamps
B. Turn Signal Lamp
C. Side-Marker Lamp
3. Remove the four convenience net wing nuts.
4. Pull the carpet back away from the body of the
vehicle on the side with the burned out bulb.
5. Remove the two mounting screws from the lamp
assembly.
6. Pull out the lamp assembly to expose the bulb
sockets.
7. Turn the bulb socket one-quarter turn
counterclockwise and pull the bulb and socket out
of the lamp reflector.
8. Pull the old bulb from the bulb socket keeping the
bulb straight as you pull it out.
9. Install a new bulb.
10. Reverse the steps to reinstall the lamp assembly.
1. Open the trunk using the trunk button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter or the trunk release button
located on the lower part of the driver’s door.
2. Remove the compact spare tire cover by turning the
wing nut counterclockwise.
5-54
Back-Up and License Plate Lamps
5. Turn the bulb socket one-quarter turn
counterclockwise and pull the bulb and socket out
of the lamp reflector.
6. Pull the old bulb from the bulb socket keeping the
bulb straight as you pull it out.
7. Install a new bulb.
8. Reverse the steps to reinstall the lamp assembly.
Replacement Bulbs
For any bulb not listed here contact your dealer.
A. Back-Up Lamps
B. License Plate Lamps
Exterior Lamp
Back-Up Lamps
Bulb Number
3157K
1. Open the trunk using the trunk button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter or the trunk release button
located on the lower part of the driver’s door.
Fog Lamps
2. Remove the cloth cover on the trunk lid by pulling
out the three push-pins located on the underside of
the trunk lid.
License Plate Lamps
Rear Sidemarker Lamps
3157K
3. Remove the eight mounting nuts from the underside
of the trunk lid by turning the nuts counterclockwise.
Stoplamps
3157K
Taillamps
3157K
Front and Rear Turn Signal
Lamps
9145
3157K
W5WLL
4. Pull the lamp assembly away from the vehicle
to expose the bulb sockets.
5-55
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
3. Pull the windshield wiper assembly away from the
windshield.
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See Owner Checks
and Services on page 6-10.
It’s a good idea to clean or replace the wiper blade
assembly on a regular basis or when worn. For proper
windshield wiper blade length and type, see Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 6-15.
To replace the wiper blade assembly, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition to ON with the engine off.
2. Turn on the windshield wipers and turn them off
again when the wipers are in the out-wipe position.
The driver’s side blade will be straight up and
down on the windshield.
5-56
4. Lift the wiper blade assembly up so it is in a
T-shaped position. You should be able to see a tab.
Notice: Allowing the wiper blade arm to touch the
windshield when no wiper blade is installed
could damage the windshield. Any damage that
occurs would not be covered by your warranty.
Do not allow the wiper blade arm to touch the
windshield.
5. Squeeze the tab together and pull the wiper blade
assembly down far enough to release it from the
J-hooked end of the wiper arm. Slide the assembly
away from the arm.
6. Replace the blade with a new one.
7. Reinstall the wiper blade assembly by sliding it over
the wiper arm to engage the J-hooked end. Pull up
on the assembly to lock it into place.
8. Repeat the steps for the other wiper.
5-57
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your GM Warranty booklet for details. For additional
information refer to the tire manufacturer’s booklet
included with your vehicle’s Owner’s Manual.
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
CAUTION:
5-58
• Underinflated tires pose the same danger
•
{CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
•
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents.
If your tread is badly worn, or if your tires
have been damaged, replace them.
Winter Tires
If you expect to drive on snow or ice covered roads
often, you may want to get winter tires for your vehicle.
All season tires provide good overall performance on
most surfaces but they may not offer the traction
you would like or the same level of performance as
winter tires on snow or ice covered roads. If you choose
to use winter tires:
• Use tires of the same brand and tread type on all
four wheel positions.
• Use only radial ply tires of the same size as your
original equipment tires.
See Buying New Tires on page 5-68.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into its
sidewall. The examples below show a typical passenger
car tire and a compact spare tire sidewall.
Passenger Car Tire Example
5-59
(A) Tire Size Code: The tire size code is a combination
of letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type and
service description. See the “Tire Size” illustration
later in this section for more detail.
(B) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a
TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all federal
safety guidelines.
(C) Department of Transportation (DOT): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates that
the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department of
Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following DOT code are the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and date the tire was
manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both sides of
the tire, although only one side may have the date
of manufacture.
5-60
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on
three performance factors: treadwear, traction and
temperature resistance. For more information see
Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 5-69.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. For information on
recommended tire pressure see Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-66 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
(A) Temporary Use Only: The compact spare tire or
temporary use tire has a tread life of approximately
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and should not be driven
at speeds over 65 mph (105 km/h). The compact spare
tire is for emergency use when a regular road tire
has lost air and gone flat. See Compact Spare Tire on
page 5-85 and If a Tire Goes Flat on page 5-73.
(B) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(C) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows the
manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and date the tire
was manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although only one side may have the
date of manufacture.
(D) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. See Compact Spare Tire
on page 5-85 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
Compact Spare Tire Example
5-61
(E) Tire Inflation: The temporary use tire or compact
spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi (420 kPa).
For more information on tire pressure and inflation
see Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-66.
Tire Size
The following illustration shows an example of a typical
passenger car tire size.
(F) Tire Size: A combination of letters and numbers
define a tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction
type and service description. The letter “T” as the
first character in the tire size means the tire is for
temporary use only.
(G) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a
TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all federal
safety guidelines.
(A) P-Metric Tire: The United States version of a
metric tire sizing system. The letter “P” as the
first character in the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to standards set by the U. S.
Tire and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
5-62
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates the
tire height-to-width measurements. For example,
if the tire size aspect ratio is “70,” as shown in item “C”
of the illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall
is 70% as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The letter
“R” means radial ply construction; the letter “D” means
diagonal or bias ply construction; and the letter “B”
means belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
(F) Service Description: These characters represent
the load range and speed rating of the tire. The load
index represents the load carry capacity a tire is certified
to carry. The load index can range from 1 to 279.
The speed rating is the maximum speed a tire is certified
to carry a load. Speed ratings range from “A” to “Z”.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire pressing
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air pressure
is expressed in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined weight
of optional accessories. Some examples of optional
accessories are, automatic transmission, power steering,
power brakes, power windows, power seats, and air
conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height to
its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is located
between the plies and the tread. Cords may be made
from steel or other reinforcing materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped by
steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies are
laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
5-63
Cold Inflation Pressure: The amount of air pressure
in a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi)
before a tire has built up heat from driving.
See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-66.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment including
the maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, but
without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall of a
tire signifying that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation motor vehicle safety
standards. The DOT code includes the Tire Identification
Number (TIN), an alphanumeric designator which can
also identify the tire manufacturer, production plant,
brand and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the front
axle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear axle,
see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that must always face outward when
mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
There are 6.9 kPa’s to one psi.
5-64
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on light duty
trucks and some multipurpose passenger vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from 1 to 279
that corresponds to the load carrying capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated.
The maximum air pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire at
the maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of
curb weight; accessory weight; vehicle capacity weight;
and production options weight.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of occupants a
vehicle is designed to seat multiplied by 150 pounds
(68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of a asymmetrical
tire that has a particular side that faces outward
when mounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire that
contains a whitewall, bears white lettering or bears
manufacturer, brand and or model name molding that
is higher or deeper than the same moldings on the other
sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on passenger
cars and some light duty trucks and multipurpose
vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation pressure and
shown on the tire placard. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-66 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
Radial Ply tire: A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords
that extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which the tire
beads are seated.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called “wear bars,” that show across the tread of a tire
when only 2/32 inch of tread remains. See When It
Is Time for New Tires on page 5-68.
UTQGS: Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards,
a tire information system that provides consumers with
ratings for a tire’s traction, temperature and treadwear.
Ratings are determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are molded
into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 5-69.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread and
the bead.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of designated
seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs. (68 kg) plus
the rated cargo load. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-33.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned to a
tire indicating the maximum speed at which a tire
can operate.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory weight,
occupant weight and cargo weight.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the road
surface. The amount of grip provided.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to a
vehicle showing the original equipment tire size and
recommended inflation pressure. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into contact
with the road.
5-65
Inflation - Tire Pressure
When to Check
The tire and loading information label, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33, for the location
of your vehicle’s tire and loading information label.
Check your tires once a month or more.
Notice: Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation
or overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can get
the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
•
•
•
•
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards
5-66
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look properly
inflated even when they’re underinflated. Check the tire’s
inflation pressure when the tires are cold. Cold means
your vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or
driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem. Press
the tire gage firmly onto the valve to get a pressure
measurement. If the cold tire inflation pressure matches
the recommended pressure on the Tire and Loading
Information label, no further adjustment is necessary.
If the inflation pressure is low, add air until you reach the
recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the
metal stem in the center of the tire valve. Recheck the
tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Don’t include the spare tire in your tire rotation.
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire and
Loading Information label.
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also
check for damaged tires or wheels. See When It Is Time
for New Tires on page 5-68 and Wheel Replacement
on page 5-71 for more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation
is the most important. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4, for scheduled rotation intervals.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” under Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-106.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle.
In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a
scraper or wire brush later, if you need to,
to get all the rust or dirt off. See “Changing a
Flat Tire” in the Index.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
5-67
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or
location of the damage.
5-68
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires your vehicle
needs, look at the tire and loading information label.
For more information about this label and its location on
your vehicle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
load range, traction, ride and other things during normal
service on your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season
tread design, the TPC number will be followed by
an “MS” (for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes
or types (radial and bias-belted tires), the
vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of different
sizes may also cause damage to your vehicle.
Be sure to use the same size and type tires on
all wheels. It’s all right to drive with your
compact spare temporarily, it was developed
for use on your vehicle. See “Compact Spare
Tire” in the index.
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires,
tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
5-69
Treadwear
Temperature – A, B, C
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1.5) times as well on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can
cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
5-70
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts or
wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control. You could have
a collision in which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire chain
clearance to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-74 for more
information.
5-71
Used Replacement Wheels
Tire Chains
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been
used or how far it’s been driven. It could fail
suddenly and cause a crash. If you have to
replace a wheel, use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
Don’t use tire chains. There’s not enough
clearance. Tire chains used on a vehicle without
the proper amount of clearance can cause
damage to the brakes, suspension or other
vehicle parts. The area damaged by the tire
chains could cause you to lose control of your
vehicle and you or others may be injured in a
crash. Use another type of traction device only
if its manufacturer recommends it for use on
your vehicle and tire size combination and
road conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and don’t
spin your wheels. If you do find traction devices
that will fit, install them on the rear tires.
5-72
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blowout” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use
in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous without
the appropriate safety equipment and training.
The jack provided with your vehicle is
designed only for changing a flat tire. If it is
used for anything else, you or others could be
badly injured or killed if the vehicle slips off
the jack. Use the jack provided with your
vehicle only for changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-73
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your
hazard warning flashers.
{CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put an automatic transmission shift lever in
PARK (P), or shift a manual transmission
to FIRST (1) or REVERSE (R).
3. Turn off the engine.
Put the wheel blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
5-74
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk.
To gain access to the spare tire and jacking equipment,
do the following:
1. Turn the center nut on
the compact spare tire
cover counterclockwise
to remove it. Then
remove the cover.
2. Turn the nut holding the jack counterclockwise and
remove it. Then remove the jack and wheel wrench.
5-75
3. Remove the compact spare tire. See Compact
Spare Tire on page 5-85 for more information
about the compact spare tire.
5-76
4. The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and
the wheel wrench (B).
Removing Wheel Covers and Wheel
Nut Caps
If your vehicle has wheel nut caps, turn the wheel
wrench counterclockwise to remove the caps.
If your vehicle has wheel covers, use the flat end of the
wheel wrench to remove the covers. Turn the wheel
wrench clockwise to gently pry off the wheel cover.
Be careful not to scratch the aluminum wheel edge and
don’t try to remove the wheel cover with your hands.
5-77
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire
1. Place the wheel wrench (A) securely over the wheel
nut (B). Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to
loosen all the wheel nuts. Don’t remove them yet.
5-78
2. Find the jacking location using the diagram above
and corresponding hoisting notches located in the
plastic molding. The notches in the plastic molding
are marked with a triangle shape to help you
find them.
The front location (A) is about 14 inches (35.6 cm)
from the rear edge of the front wheel well, and
the rear location (B) is about 7 inches (17.8 cm)
from the front edge of the rear wheel well.
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
{CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising the vehicle.
3. Attach the wheel wrench to the jack.
4. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to lower
the jack lift head until the jack fits under the vehicle.
5. Raise the jack by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise until the slots in the jack head fit into
the metal flange located behind the triangle on
the plastic molding as shown.
6. Put the compact spare tire near you.
7. Raise the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground for the compact spare tire to fit under
the vehicle.
8. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
5-79
9. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces
and spare wheel.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
the places where the wheel attaches to the
vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth
or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to,
to get all the rust or dirt off.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
CAUTION:
5-80
(Continued)
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel
could fall off, causing a serious accident.
10. Place the compact
spare tire on the
wheel-mounting
surface.
11. Put the wheel nuts back
on with the rounded
end of the nuts toward
the wheel. Tighten each
wheel nut by turning it
clockwise with your
hand until the wheel is
held against the hub.
12. Lower the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
5-81
13. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to the
proper torque specification. See “Capacities
and Specifications” in the Index for wheel nut
torque specification.
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to come loose
and even come off. This could lead to an
accident. Be sure to use the correct wheel
nuts. If you have to replace them, be sure to
get new GM original equipment wheel nuts.
CAUTION:
5-82
(Continued)
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead
to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper torque
specification. See “Capacities and Specifications” in
the index for the wheel nut torque specification.
Notice: Wheel covers will not fit on your compact
spare. If you try to put a wheel cover on the compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk
until you have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone.
Store all these in the proper place.
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone. Store
all these in the proper place.
After you’ve put the compact spare tire on your vehicle,
you’ll need to store the flat tire in your trunk.
Remove the foam support so that the flat tire will fit in
the storage area. Place the flat tire with the appearance
side face down and store the jack container in the
center of the tire. See the diagram in “Storing the Spare
Tire and Tools” following for more information.
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon
as you can.
5-83
Use the following diagram as a guide for storing the
compact spare tire in the trunk:
5-84
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.
L.
Compact Spare Tire Cover Wing Nut
Compact Spare Tire Cover
Plastic Wing Nut
Retainer
Jack Container with Wheel Wrench and Jack
Flat Road Tire
Compact Spare Tire
Foam Insert
Bolt
Wheel Wrench
Jack
Jack Container
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make sure
your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare
is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size
tire repaired or replaced where you want. Of course,
it’s best to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon
as you can. Your spare will last longer and be in good
shape in case you need it again.
Notice: When the compact spare is installed, don’t
take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
with guide rails. The compact spare can get caught
on the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare tire
and its wheel together.
Notice: Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare.
Using them can damage your vehicle and can
damage the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on
your compact spare.
5-85
Appearance Care
They can all be hazardous — some more than
others — and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous.
Some are toxic. Others can burst into flames if you
strike a match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle.
Some are dangerous if you breathe their fumes
in a closed space. When you use anything from a
container to clean your vehicle, be sure to follow the
manufacturer’s warnings and instructions. And always
open your doors or windows when you are cleaning
the inside.
Do not use any of these unless this manual says
you can. In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Gasoline
•
•
•
•
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Naphtha
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and
loose dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted
surfaces with a clean, damp cloth.
Carbon Tetrachloride
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet
Acetone
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric and
carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains very well.
Benzene
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
5-86
You and get GM-approved cleaning products from your
dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on
page 5-92.
Here are some cleaning tips:
• Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
• Clean up stains as soon as you can — before they
set.
• Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
• Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
• If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean
the entire area immediately or it will set.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
• Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do this more than once.
• Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and vinyl cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let
the leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
• For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner.
• Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
• Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the finish,
it can harm the leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument
Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
5-87
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Care of Safety Belts
Use on a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth or
sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the surface
finish.
Keep belts clean and dry.
Cleaning Wood Panels
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water
(use mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood immediately
with a clean cloth.
Cleaning the Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that the
speaker won’t be damaged. Clean spots with just water
and mild soap.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do,
it may severely weaken them. In a crash,
they might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Weatherstrips
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or
a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-92.
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-13.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when
cleaning glass surfaces on your vehicle, you could
scratch the glass and/or cause damage to the
rear window defogger and the integrated radio
antenna. When cleaning the glass on your vehicle,
use only a soft cloth and glass cleaner.
5-88
Cleaning the Outside of Your
Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty,
depth of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Do not wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Do not use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-92.
Do not use cleaning agents that are petroleum
based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed
to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish
with a soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to
avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a
car washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the
paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials on page 5-92.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may
damage it. Use only non-abrasive waxes and
polishes that are made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish on your vehicle.
5-89
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a
period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish
looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax,
sap or other material may be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads
do not form when you rinse it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength windshield
washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
5-90
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome-Plated
Wheels
Your vehicle may be equipped with either aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Do not use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because you could damage the surface. Do not
use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Do not take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Cleaning Tires
Underbody Maintenance
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, corrosion and rust can develop on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the paint
finish and/or tires. When applying a tire dressing,
always wipe off any overspray from all painted
surfaces on your vehicle.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide the
corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials avaliable from your dealer. Larger areas of
finish damage can be corrected in your dealer’s body and
paint shop.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped discolorations,
and small, irregular dark spots etched into the paint
surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will
repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
5-91
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
See your GM dealer for more information on purchasing
the following products.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Tar and Road
Oil Remover
Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
White Sidewall
Tire Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
Chrome and Wire
Wheel Cleaner
Finish Enhancer
5-92
Usage
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Removes tar, road oil
and asphalt.
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Cleans vinyl tops,
upholstery and
convertible tops.
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
wipe off.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
(cont’d)
Description
Usage
Removes swirl marks,
fine scratches and other
Swirl Remover Polish
light surface
contamination.
Removes light scratches
Cleaner Wax
and protects finish.
Cleans, shines and
Foaming Tire Shine
protects in one easy step,
Low Gloss
no wiping necessary.
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
Wash Wax Concentrate
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Quickly and easily
removes spots and stains
Spot Lifter
from carpets, vinyl and
cloth upholstery.
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on
Odor Eliminator
fabrics, vinyl, leather and
carpet.
See your General Motors parts department for these
products. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-13.
Vehicle Identification
Service Parts Identification Label
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
You’ll find this label in the trunk. It’s very helpful if you
ever need to order parts. On this label is:
•
•
•
•
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and special equipment
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears
on a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel,
on the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through
the windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN
also appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service
Parts labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle and
the damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-58.
5-93
Windshield Wiper Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker. If the wiper motor overheats due to
heavy snow, the wipers will stop until the motor cools
and will then restart.
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires
caused by electrical problems.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical
size and rating. If a fuse blows, see your dealer
for service immediately.
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and power
seats. When the current load is too heavy, the circuit
breaker opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the
problem is fixed or goes away.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can “borrow” one that has the
same amperage. Pick some feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without – like the radio or cigarette
lighter – and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
The fuses are located in three fuse blocks, one located
in the engine compartment on the passenger’s side
and the other two under the rear seat.
5-94
Underhood Fuse Block
The underhood fuse block is located in the engine
compartment on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12
for more information on location.
To access the fuses, push in the two tabs located on
each side of the fuse block cover. Then lift the cover off.
Relays
LO SPEED
FAN RELAY
MINI
Usage
Low Speed Fan Motor
HI SPEED FAN High Speed Fan Motor
RELAY MINI
ACCESSORY
RELAY MINI
Accessory Power Outlets
5-95
Relays
S/P FAN
RELAY MINI
Usage
Series/Parallel Fan
Relays
Usage
FOG LAMP
Fog Lamps
RELAY MICRO
PARK LAMP
RELAY MICRO Parking Lamps
MAIN RELAY
MICRO
Powertrain/ECM
HORN RELAY
MICRO
STARTER
RELAY MINI
Starter Solenoid
Horn
HI BEAM
RELAY MICRO High-Beam Headlamps
DRL RELAY
MICRO-OPT
Daytime Running Lamps
LO BEAM
RELAY/HID
MINI-OPT
Low-Beam HID Headlamps (Option)
HDLP WASH
RELAY
MINI-OPT
Headlamp Washer Motor (Option)
CIGAR
RELAY MINI
Cigarette Lighter (Option)
BLOWER
RELAY MINI
Front Blower
5-96
CMP CLU
RELAY MICRO Compressor Clutch
IGN-1 RELAY
MICRO
Wiring
Harnesses
Ignition Switch (ON)
Usage
BODY W/H
Wiring Harness Connection
I/P W/H
Wiring Harness Connection
ENG W/H
FORWARD
LAMP
Engine Wiring Harness Connection
Forward Lamp Wiring Harness
Connection
J Cases
Usage
Fuses
R REAR
RRPDB (Passenger’s Side Rear
Power Distribution Box)
RT PARK
R REAR
RRPDB (Passenger’s Side Rear
Power Distribution Box)
HORN
L REAR
LRPDB (Driver’s Side Rear Power
Distribution Box)
L REAR
LRPDB (Driver’s Side Rear Power
Distribution Box)
HI FAN
High Cooling Fan Motor
LO FAN
Low Cooling Fan Motor
LT HI BEAM
Usage
Passenger’s Side Taillamp
Assembly, Front Sidemarker and
Front Parking Lamp Assembly
Dual Horn Assembly
Driver’s Side High-Beam Headlamp
LT LOW BEAM Driver’s Side Low-Beam Headlamp
Side Low-Beam
RT LOW BEAM Passenger’s
Headlamp
RT HI BEAM
Passenger’s Side High-Beam
Headlamp
BLOWER
PWM Fan Motor Assembly
SPARE
Not Used
STARTER
Starter Solenoid
SPARE
Not Used
THEFT
ECM (Electronic Control Module),
TCM (Transmission Control Module),
PASS-Key® III+ Module
EBCM
Electronic Brake Control Module
5-97
Fuses
Usage
Fuses
Driver’s Side Taillamp Assembly,
Front Sidemarker and Front Parking
Lamp Assembly
ECM
Electronic Control Module
LT PARK
TCM/IPC
TCM, ECM and IPC
(Instrument Panel Cluster)
LIC/DIMMING
Rear License Plate Assembly, DIM
DIM/ALDL
DIM, ALDL
(Assembly Line Data Link)
FLASHER
Turn Signal/Hazard Flasher Module
MANIFOLD
Manifold Flaps 1 and 2, Air Mass
Meter, Canister Purge Valve
STRG CTLS
Steering Wheel Control Pad,
Headlamp Switch
HTR VLV/
CLTCH
WASH NOZ
5-98
Heater Valve, Clutch Switch
(Normal Closed), Clutch Switch
(Normal Open), Jumper to Start
Relay Coil for Automatic
Transmission
Driver’s and Passenger’s Side
Heated Washer Nozzles
SPARE
IGN MOD
ELEC PRNDL
TCC/ET
STOP LP SW
Usage
Not Used
Front Bank Ignition Modules
Electronic PRNDL
TCC/ET Brake Switch
(Extended Travel), TCC/ET Brake
Switch (Cruise Disable)
Stoplamp Switch
IGN SW
Ignition Switch
(Power to IGN-3 and CRANK)
VOLT CHECK
DIM (Dash Integration Module)
ECM/TCM
TCM (Transmission Control Module),
ECM (Electronic Control Module),
IPC (Instrument Panel Cluster),
PASS-Key® III+ Module
Fuses
Usage
Fuses
WPR MOD
Windshield Wiper Module Assembly
CCP
INJ
Fuel Injectors
Usage
Climate Control
PRE 02
Driver’s and Passenger’s Side
Oxygen Sensors, Transmission
Output Speed Sensor
Windshield Wiper/Washer Switch
SPARE
Not Used
Fog Lamps
SPARE
Not Used
OUTLET
Center Console Accessory Power
Outlet
SPARE
Not Used
POST 02
Driver’s and Passenger’s Side
Oxygen Sensors, LRPDB
(Pusher Cooling Fan Relay)
COMP CLUTCH Compressor Clutch
WPR SW
FOG LAMP
I/P OUTLET
Instrument Panel Accessory
Power Outlet
Circuit
Breakers
HDLP WASH
C/B-OPT
Usage
Headlamp Washer Motor (Optional)
5-99
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion
Notice: If, when removing or reinstalling the
rear seat, you do not do it carefully, you could
damage the fuse center. Avoid contact between
the rear seat and the fuse center whenever
you remove or reinstall the rear seat.
To remove the rear seat cushion, do the following:
1. Pull up on the front of the cushion to release the
front hooks.
2. Pull the cushion up and out toward the front of the
vehicle.
3. Slide the cushion out one of the rear doors and set
it aside.
Rear Pass-Through Seat
5-100
CAUTION:
(Continued)
hasn’t been routed through the seat cushion at
all, it won’t be there to work for the next
passenger. The person sitting in that position
could be badly injured. After reinstalling the
seat cushion, always check to be sure that the
safety belts are properly routed and are not
twisted.
To reinstall the rear seat cushion, do the following:
1. Position the seat cushion so that you can route
the safety belts through the proper slots in the
seat cushion.
2. Slide the rear of the cushion up and under the
seatback so the rear-locating guides hook into
the wire loops on the back frame.
Split-Folding Rear Seat
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that isn’t properly routed through
the seat cushion or is twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. If the safety belt
CAUTION:
(Continued)
3. With the seat cushion lowered, push rearward and
then press down on the seat cushion until the seat
cushion snaps into place.
4. Push and pull on the seat cushion to make sure it
is locked into place.
5. Check to make sure the safety belts are properly
routed and that no portion of any safety belt is
trapped under the seat cushion.
5-101
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
(Driver’s Side)
Relays
Usage
SPARE
Not Used
SPARE
Not Used
SPARE
Not Used
PUSHER FAN
Pusher Fan (Export Only)
L POSITION
Driver’s Side Position Lamp
RELAY MICRO
The driver’s side rear fuse block is located under the
rear seat on the driver’s side of the vehicle. The rear
seat cushion must be removed to access the rear fuse
block. See “Removing the Rear Seat Cushion” listed
previously.
To access the fuse block, push in the two tabs located
at each end of the fuse block cover. Then lift the
cover off.
R POSITION
RELAY MICRO Passenger’s Side Position Lamp
IGN 3 RELAY
MICRO
Heated Seat Modules, Air Inlet
Motor, Shifter Assembly
STANDING
LAMP
RLY MICRO
Control for Position Lamp Relays
TRK DR REL
SOL RELAY
MICRO
Trunk Release Motor
REV LAMP
ISRVM (Inside Rearview Mirror),
RELAY MICRO License Plate Lamp Assembly
5-102
Fuses
Usage
L FRT HTD
SEAT MOD
Driver’s Heated Seat Module
MEM/ADAPT
SEAT
Driver’s Power Seat Switch,
Memory Seat Module
TRUNK
DR RELEASE
Trunk Release Motor
REVERSE
LAMP
SPARE
POSITION
LAMP
Fuses
SPARE
HDLP
LEVELING
EBCM
ISRVM (Inside Rearview Mirror),
License Plate Lamp Assembly
EBCM
(Electronic Brake Control Module)
CCP (Climate Control Panel)
IGN 3
Not Used
Taillamp Assemblies, Front Position
Lamp Assemblies
J Cases
AMP
SPARE
Not Used
AUDIO
Radio, OnStar Module
SPARE
Not Used
REAR DR MOD Rear Door Modules
DRIVER
DR MOD
Headlamp Leveling System Chassis
Sensors (Export Only)
Heated Seat Modules, Air Inlet
Motor, Shifter Assembly
PUSHER FAN
SPARE
Not Used
CCP
Not Used
SPARE
Usage
Not Used
Usage
Audio Amplifier
Pusher Fan (Export Only)
Circuit
Breakers
Usage
SEAT C/B
Power Seat Switches,
Memory Seat Module
Driver’s Door Module
5-103
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
(Passenger’s Side)
Fuses
Usage
INTERIOR
LAMP
Hush Panel Lamps, Puddle Lamps,
Overhead Courtesy Lamp Assembly
PSGR DR MOD Right Front Passenger Door Module
RIM
REAR FOG
LAMP
The passenger’s side rear fuse block is located under the
rear seat on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
The rear seat cushion must be removed to access the
rear fuse block. See “Removing the Rear Seat Cushion”
listed previously.
To access the fuse block, push in the two tabs located
at each end of the fuse block cover. Then lift the
cover off.
SPARE
NAV
Rear Fog Lamps (Export Only)
Not Used
TV Tuner Assembly (Export Only),
VICS (Vehicle Information
Communication System) Module
(Export Only)
SPARE
Not Used
SPARE
Not Used
POWER
SOUNDER
SPARE
TRUNK LAMP
5-104
RIM (Rear Integration Module),
Ignition Switch, Key Lock Cylinder
Power Sounder, Inclination Sensor
Not Used
Trunk Lamp
FUEL
PUMP MTR
Fuel Pump Motor
AFTERBOIL
Afterboil Heater Pump
Fuses
R FRT HTD
SEAT MOD
SPARE
Usage
Passenger’s Side Heated Seat
Module
Not Used
SDM (Sensing Diagnostic Module)
RIM
ISRVM (Inside Rearview Mirror),
Power Sounder, RIM, Passive Trunk
Release Sensor
SPARE
Canister Vent Solenoid
DR MOD
PWR C/B
J Cases
Usage
Retained Accessory Power
Not Used
REAR DEFOG
Rear Window Defogger
RELAY MINI
SPARE
AFTER BOIL
MICRO
Not Used
Afterboil Heater Pump
INT LAMP
Hush Panel Lamps, Puddle Lamps,
RELAY MICRO Overhead Courtesy Lamp Assembly
Not Used
Circuit
Breakers
RAP RELAY
MINI
SPARE
SIR
CANISTER
VENT
Relays
Usage
Door Modules
Usage
IGN 1 RELAY
MICRO
Ignition Switch
REAR FOG
LAMP
RLY MICRO
Rear Fog Lamps (Export Only)
FUEL PUMP
MOTOR
RLY MICRO
Fuel Pump Motor
REAR DEFOG Rear Window Defogger Element
SUNROOF MOD Power Sunroof Module
5-105
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-13 for more information.
Application
Capacities
English
Metric
1.3 lbs.
0.59 kg
3.2L V6
10.4 quarts
9.8 L
3.6L HFV6
9.7 quarts
9.2 L
3.2L V6
5.0 quarts
4.8 L
3.6L HFV6
5.6 quarts
5.3 L
17.5 gallons
66.2 L
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
Use Refrigerant Oil, R134a Systems
Cooling System
Engine Oil with Filter
Fuel Tank
5-106
Capacities
Application
English
Metric
Automatic
9.0 quarts
8.5 L
Manual
1.3 quarts
1.2 L
100 lb ft
(140 Y)
Transmission
Wheel Nut Torque
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the approximate level, as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Engine Specifications
Engine
VIN Code
Transmission
Spark Plug Gap
3.2L V6
N
M35 = 5-Speed Manual
0.060 inches (1.4 mm)
3.6L HFV6
7
M82 = Automatic
0.044 inches (1.1 mm)
5-107
✍ NOTES
5-108
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ......................................6-2
Introduction ...................................................6-2
Maintenance Requirements ..............................6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................6-2
Using Your Maintenance Schedule ....................6-2
Scheduled Maintenance ...................................6-4
Additional Required Services ............................6-6
Maintenance Footnotes ...................................6-8
Owner Checks and Services ..........................6-10
At Each Fuel Fill ..........................................6-10
At Least Once a Month .................................6-10
At Least Once a Year ...................................6-11
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ...............6-13
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........6-15
Maintenance Record .....................................6-16
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level and
change as recommended.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance is
important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good condition,
be sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections,
replacement parts and recommended fluids and
lubricants as prescribed in this manual are necessary
to keep your vehicle in good working condition.
Any damage caused by failure to follow scheduled
maintenance may not be covered by warranty.
6-2
We at General Motors want to help you keep your vehicle
in good working condition. But we do not know exactly
how you will drive it. You may drive very short distances
only a few times a week. Or you may drive long distances
all the time in very hot, dusty weather. You may use your
vehicle in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work,
to do errands or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read
the following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on the tire and
loading information label. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-33.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline Octane
on page 5-4.
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
should be performed when indicated. See Additional
Required Services on page 6-6 and Maintenance
Footnotes on page 6-8 for further information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle
can be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs,
you can be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you have the
required know-how and the proper tools and
equipment for the job. If you have any doubt,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer to have a
qualified technician do the work.
Some maintenance services can be complex.
So, unless you are technically qualified and have the
necessary equipment, you should have your GM
Goodwrench dealer do these jobs.
When you go to your GM Goodwrench dealer for your
service needs, you will know that GM-trained and
supported service technicians will perform the work
using genuine GM parts.
If you want to get service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-12.
Owner Checks and Services on page 6-10 tells you what
should be checked, when to check it and what you can
easily do to help keep your vehicle in good condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids and lubricants to
use are listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-13 and Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts on page 6-15. When your vehicle is serviced,
make sure these are used. All parts should be replaced
and all necessary repairs done before you or anyone
else drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
6-3
Scheduled Maintenance
When the Change Engine Oil message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) comes on, it means that
service is required for your vehicle. Have your vehicle
serviced as soon as possible within the next 600 miles
(1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are driving
under the best conditions, the engine oil life system may
not indicate that vehicle service is necessary for over
a year. However, your engine oil and filter must be
changed at least once a year and at this time the system
must be reset. Your GM Goodwrench dealer has
GM-trained service technicians who will perform this
work using genuine GM parts and reset the system.
If the engine oil life system is ever reset accidentally,
you must service your vehicle within 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) since your last service. Remember to reset
the oil life system whenever the oil is changed.
See Engine Oil on page 5-16 for information on the
Engine Oil Life System and resetting the system.
6-4
When the Change Engine Oil message appears,
certain services, checks and inspections are required.
Required services are described in the following for
“Maintenance I” and “Maintenance II.” Generally,
it is recommended that your first service be
Maintenance I, your second service be Maintenance II
and that you alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II
thereafter. However, in some cases, Maintenance II
may be required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the change
engine oil message comes on within ten months since
vehicle was purchased or Maintenance II was
performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the previous
service performed was Maintenance I. Always use
Maintenance II whenever the message comes on ten
months or more since the last service or if the message
has not come on at all for one year.
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. Reset oil life system. See Engine Oil on
page 5-16. An Emission Control Service.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (k).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-22. An Emission Control Service. See footnote †.
•
•
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tires on page 5-58.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid as
needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services” in
this section.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Replace passenger compartment air filter. See footnote (g).
•
6-5
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated miles
(kilometers) shown for each item.
Service
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage or leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Replace engine air cleaner filter.
See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on
page 5-22. An Emission Control Service.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Change automatic transmission fluid
and filter (severe service only).
See footnote (h).
Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
Engine cooling system service
(or every 5 years, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
6-6
•
•
•
•
•
Service
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
Except 3.2L engine: Inspect engine
accessory drive belt. An Emission
Control Service.
3.2L engine: Inspect engine accessory
drive belt. An Emission Control Service.
150,000
(240 000)
•
•
•
•
3.2L engine: Replace timing belt.
An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (j).
•
Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control
Service.
•
•
•
6-7
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect disc
brake pads for wear and rotors for surface condition.
Inspect other brake parts, including calipers, parking
brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose or missing parts or
signs of wear. Inspect power steering lines and hoses for
proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
6-8
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced if they
are cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace with genuine GM parts as
needed. To help ensure proper operation, a pressure test
of the cooling system and pressure cap and cleaning the
outside of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking.
Replace blade inserts that appear worn or damaged
or that streak or miss areas of the windshield.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages
are working properly. Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt system from doing its
job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts
replaced. Also look for any opened or broken air bag
coverings, and have them repaired or replaced. (The air
bag system does not need regular maintenance.)
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders. Lubricate all body door
hinges. Lubricate all hinges and latches, including those
for the hood, rear compartment, console door and any
folding seat hardware. More frequent lubrication may be
required when exposed to a corrosive environment.
Applying silicone grease on weatherstrips with a clean
cloth will make them last longer, seal better and not stick
or squeak.
(g) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions,
the filter may require replacement more often.
(h) Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these
conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as high performance operation.
(i) Drain, flush and refill cooling system. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-27 for what to use. Inspect hoses.
Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and filler neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap.
(j) Replace the belt (or every 96 months, whichever
occurs first). Failure to follow the maintenance described
may result in a broken timing belt and could cause
severe engine damage. It is important to use only
genuine GM parts when replacing the timing belt.
(k) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate a
problem. Have the system inspected and repaired
and the fluid level checked. Add fluid if needed.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
6-9
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be performed
at the intervals specified to help ensure the safety,
dependability and emission control performance of your
vehicle. Your GM Goodwrench dealer can assist you
with these checks and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-13.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture if necessary. See Engine Coolant on
page 5-27 for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary.
At Least Once a Month
At Each Fuel Fill
Tire Inflation Check
It is important to perform these underhood checks at
each fuel fill.
Visually inspect your tires and make sure tires are
inflated to the correct pressures. Don’t forget to check
your spare tire. See Tires on page 5-58 for further
details.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-16 for further
details.
Notice: It is important to check your oil regularly
and keep it at the proper level. Failure to keep your
engine oil at the proper level can cause damage
to your engine not covered by your warranty.
6-10
Cassette Tape Player Service
Clean cassette tape player. Cleaning should be done
every 50 hours of tape play. See Audio System(s)
on page 3-100 for further details.
At Least Once a Year
Starter Switch Check
down all the way to the floor. If the starter works
when the clutch isn’t pushed all the way down,
contact your GM Goodwrench dealer for service.
{CAUTION:
Automatic Transmission Shift Lock Control
System Check
When you are doing this inspection, the vehicle
could move suddenly. If the vehicle moves,
you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-34 if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. On automatic transmission vehicles, try to start the
engine in each gear. The starter should work only
in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If the starter works in
any other position, contact your GM Goodwrench
dealer for service.
4. On manual transmission vehicles, put the shift lever
in NEUTRAL (N), push the clutch pedal down
halfway and try to start the engine. The starter
should work only when the clutch pedal is pushed
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the vehicle
could move suddenly. If the vehicle moves,
you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-34 if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately
if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the ON position,
but don’t start the engine. Without applying the
regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever moves
out of PARK (P), contact your GM Goodwrench
dealer for service.
6-11
Ignition Transmission Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to OFF in each shift lever position.
• With an automatic transmission, the key should turn
to OFF only when the shift lever is in PARK (P).
The key should come out only in OFF.
• With a manual transmission, the key should turn to
OFF only when the key release button is pressed.
The key should come out only in OFF.
Contact your GM Goodwrench dealer if service is
required.
Parking Brake and Automatic
Transmission Park (P) Mechanism Check
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability:
With the engine running and transaxle in
NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure from
the regular brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is
held by the parking brake only.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Contact your GM Goodwrench dealer if service is
required.
Underbody Flushing Service
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged.
Make sure there is room in front of your
vehicle in case it begins to roll. Be ready to
apply the regular brake at once should the
vehicle begin to move.
6-12
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part
number or specification may be obtained from your
dealer.
Usage
Engine Oil
Fluid/Lubricant
The engine requires a special
engine oil meeting GM Standard
GM4718M. Oils meeting this
standard may be identified as
synthetic, and should also be
identified with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified for
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol.
However, not all synthetic API oils
with the starburst symbol will meet
this GM standard. You should look
for and use only an oil that meets
GM Standard GM4718M. For the
proper viscosity, see Engine Oil on
page 5-16.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only DEX-COOL®
Engine Coolant
Coolant. See Engine Coolant on
page 5-27.
Hydraulic
Brake System
Delco Supreme 11® Brake Fluid or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Windshield
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Washer Solvent
Hydraulic
Clutch System
Hydraulic Clutch Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345347,
in Canada 1095351) or equivalent
DOT-3 brake fluid.
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985,
in Canada 88901242) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
GM Power Steering Fluid
Power Steering
(GM Part No. U.S. 89021184,
System
in Canada 89021186).
6-13
Usage
Manual
Transmission
Automatic
Transmission
Fluid/Lubricant
®
DEXRON -III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
®
DEXRON -III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Floor Shift
Linkage
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293,
in Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Rear Axle
SAE 75W-90 Synthetic
Axle Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12378261,
in Canada 10953455) meeting
GM Specification 9986115.
6-14
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch, Pivots,
Spring Anchor
and Release
Pawl
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293,
in Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Hood and
Door Hinges
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Part
GM Part Numbers
Other Part Numbers
25728874
A2029C1
3.2L V6
88894390
PF2256G1
3.6L HFV6
25177917
PF21291
25740404
—
3.2L V6
24425327
FGR8KQE02
3.6L HFV6
12565996
41-9881
Driver’s Side
22 inches (56.5 cm)
12367281
8-22211
Passenger’s Side
21 inches (53.3 cm)
88892785
8-22111
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Engine Oil Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter Element
Spark Plugs
Windshield Wiper Blade (Hook Type)
1
2
ACDelco® part number.
Bosch part number.
6-15
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service and the
type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 6-2 in this section.
Any additional information from Owner Checks and Services on page 6-10 can be added on the following record
pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
6-16
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
6-17
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-18
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance Information ......................7-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ......................7-2
Online Owner Center ......................................7-3
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ................................7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ............................7-4
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ..................................................7-5
Roadside Service ...........................................7-6
Courtesy Transportation ...................................7-8
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Records ...........................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects ................................7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ..........................7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ................................7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors .........................................7-11
Service Publications Ordering Information .........7-12
7-1
Customer Assistance
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any concerns
with the sales transaction or the operation of your
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or
the general manager.
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Cadillac Customer Assistance Center, 24 hours
a day, by calling 1-800-458-8006. In Canada, contact
GM of Canada Customer Communication Centre
in Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
7-2
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have
the following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from
the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at the
top left of the instrument panel and visible through
the windshield.)
• Dealership name and location
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Cadillac, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
STEP THREE: Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you continue
to remain unsatisfied after following the procedure
outlined in Steps One and Two, you should file with the
BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any additional
rights you may have. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet for
information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration
Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using the
toll-free telephone number or write them at the following
address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves
the right to change eligibility limitations and/or
discontinue its participation in this program.
Online Owner Center
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM ownership
needs. You can find your specific vehicle information
all in one place.
The Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific vehicle,
including tips and videos and an electronic
version of this owner’s manual. (United States only)
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history and
maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges only
available to members. (United States only)
Refer to the web for updated information.
To register your vehicle, visit www.MyGMLink.com.
(United States) or My GM Canada within
www.gmcanada.com (Canada).
7-3
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Cadillac has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Cadillac by dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC (2622).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Cadillac encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to
write to Cadillac, the letter should be addressed
to Cadillac’s Customer Assistance Center.
United States – Customer Assistance
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada – Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
7-4
Overseas – Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico
and U.S. Virgin Islands) – Customer
Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward eligible aftermarket
driver or passenger
adaptive equipment you
may require for your vehicle
(hand controls, wheelchair/
scooter lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The offer is available for
a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. For more details, or to determine your
vehicle’s eligibility, see your GM dealer or call the
GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
7-5
Roadside Service
Cadillac Owner Privileges™
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more than an
auto club or towing service. It provides every Cadillac
owner with the advantage of contacting a Cadillac
advisor and, where available, a Cadillac trained dealer
technician who can provide on-site service.
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac Owner
Privileges™ at “no charge,” throughout your Cadillac
Warranty Period – 48 months/50,000 miles (80 000 km).
Each technician travels with a specially equipped
service vehicle complete with the necessary Cadillac
parts and tools required to handle most roadside repairs.
Cadillac Roadside Service® can be reached by dialing
1-800-882-1112, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
This service is provided at no charge for any
warranty-covered situation and for a nominal charge if
the Cadillac is no longer under warranty. Roadside
Service is available only in the United States and
Canada.
7-6
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for the
following situations:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Towing Service
Battery Jump Starting
Lock Out Assistance
Fuel Delivery
Flat Tire Change (Covers change only)
Trip Interruption – If your trip is interrupted due to
a warranty failure, incidental expenses may be
reimbursed during the 48 months/50,000 miles
(80 000 km) warranty period. Items covered
are hotel, meals and rental car.
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or Canada,
an advisor is available to assist you over the phone.
A dealer technician, if available, can travel to your
location within a 30 mile (50 km) radius of a participating
Cadillac dealership. If beyond this radius, we will
arrange to have your car towed to the nearest Cadillac
dealership.
Reaching Roadside Service
Dial the toll-free Roadside Service number:
1-800-882-1112. An experienced Roadside Service
Advisor will assist you and request the following
information:
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
Roadside Service is prepared to assist owners who
have hearing difficulties or are speech impaired.
Cadillac has installed special telecommunication devices
called Text Telephone (TTY) in the Roadside Service
Center.
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewriter can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing from the United States or Canada
1-888-889-2438 – daily, 24 hours.
• A description of the problem
• Name, home address, home telephone number
• Location of your Cadillac and number you are
calling from
• The model year, Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN), mileage and date of delivery
7-7
Courtesy Transportation
Cadillac has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealers are
proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail purchase/lease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising
your service consultant of your transportation needs,
your dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
7-8
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem
is safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership,
let them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in
the work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while
you wait. However, if you are unable to wait Cadillac
helps minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes a one
way or round trip shuttle service to a destination up
to 10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement (five days maximum) may be available
for the use of public transportation such as taxi or
bus. In addition, should you arrange transportation
through a friend or relative, reimbursement for
reasonable fuel expenses (five day maximum) may be
available. Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and
be supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle
you obtained if your vehicle is kept for a warranty repair.
Reimbursement will be limited to a maximum of $40
a day and must be supported by receipts. This requires
that you sign and complete a rental agreement and
meet state, local and rental vehicle provider
requirements. Requirements vary and may include
minimum age requirements, insurance coverage, credit
card, etc. You are responsible for fuel usage charges
and may also be responsible for taxes, levies,
usage fees, excessive mileage or rental usage beyond
the completion of the repair.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information furnished with each new vehicle
provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at participating
dealers and all program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at every dealer. Please
contact you dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during
the Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at
any time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at its sole discretion.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle
as a courtesy rental.
7-9
Vehicle Data Collection and
Event Data Records
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles, has a
number of sophisticated computer systems that monitor
and control several aspects of the vehicle’s performance.
Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle computers to monitor
emission control components to optimize fuel economy,
to monitor conditions for airbag deployment and, if so
equipped, to provide anti-lock braking and to help the
driver control the vehicle in difficult driving situations.
Some information may be stored during regular
operations to facilitate repair of detected malfunctions;
other information is stored only in a crash or near crash
event by computer systems commonly called event data
recorders (EDR).
In a crash or near crash event, computer systems, such
as the Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) in
your vehicle may record information about the condition
of the vehicle and how it was operated, such as engine
speed, brake applications, throttle position, vehicle
speed, seat belt usage, airbag readiness, airbag
performance data, and the severity of a collision.
This information has been used to improve vehicle
crash performance and may be used to improve crash
performance of future vehicles and driving safety.
Unlike the data recorders on many airplanes, these
on-board systems do not record sounds, such as
conversation of vehicle occupants.
7-10
To read this information, special equipment is needed
and access to the vehicle or the SDM is required.
GM will not access information about a crash event or
share it with others other than
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or similar
government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through the
discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data, GM may
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where appropriate
confidentiality is to be maintained and need is
shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a specific
vehicle with non-GM organizations for research
purposes.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have access to
the special equipment that can read the information
if they have access to the vehicle or SDM.
If your vehicle is equipped with OnStar, please check
the OnStar subscription service agreement or manual for
information on its operations and data collection.
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in
a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-458-8006, or write:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
General Motors of Canada Limited
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
7-11
Service Publications Ordering
Information
Service Manuals
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to
assist in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service
Bulletins can be obtained by contacting your General
Motors dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483).
Owner’s Information
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for GM
transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include
the Maintenance Schedule for all models.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
Owner’s Manual
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
7-12
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. on the
World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P. O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are to make
checks payable in U.S. funds.
7-13
✍ NOTES
7-14
A
Accessing the DIC Main Menu
(Base Audio System) ................................... 3-57
Accessory Power Outlets ................................. 3-24
Activating Program Type (PTY) Stations
(RDS and XM™) ....................................... 3-109
Adding Washer Fluid ....................................... 5-40
Additional Program Information ........................... 7-9
Additives, Fuel ................................................. 5-6
Add-On Electrical Equipment ............................ 5-93
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade) ............. 3-106
Air Bag
Readiness Light .......................................... 3-38
Air Bag Systems ............................................. 1-48
Adding Equipment to Your Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle ................................................... 1-59
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .................... 1-55
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle ......... 1-58
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .................... 1-55
What Will You See After an Air Bag Inflates? ...... 1-56
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ................... 1-54
Where Are the Air Bags? .............................. 1-50
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ................................. 5-22
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) ....... 7-10
AM ............................................................. 3-119
Antenna, Diversity Antenna System .................. 3-120
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio
Antenna System ........................................ 3-120
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) ............................ 4-7
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light .............. 3-40
Anti-Pinch Feature .................................. 2-16, 2-54
Appearance Care ............................................ 5-86
Care of Safety Belts .................................... 5-88
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................... 5-91
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ................ 5-86
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle .............. 5-89
Finish Damage ............................................ 5-91
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 5-91
Underbody Maintenance ............................... 5-91
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ................ 5-92
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-88
Ashtray ......................................................... 3-25
Ashtrays ........................................................ 3-25
Assist Handles ............................................... 2-52
Audio System(s) ............................................ 3-100
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................... 3-118
Care of Your CD Player .............................. 3-119
Care of Your CDs ...................................... 3-119
Diversity Antenna System ............................ 3-120
Navigation/Radio System ............................. 3-117
Radio with CD ........................................... 3-101
Setting the Time ........................................ 3-100
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................... 3-117
Understanding Radio Reception ................... 3-119
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ........... 3-120
Automatic Transmission ................................... 2-24
Fluid .......................................................... 5-24
Operation ................................................... 2-26
1
B
Backing Up .................................................... 4-42
Battery .......................................................... 5-44
Battery Not Charging ....................................... 3-61
Battery Replacement ......................................... 2-7
Battery Saver Active ........................................ 3-62
Battery Voltage High ....................................... 3-62
Battery Voltage Low ........................................ 3-63
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ......................... 4-23
Brake
Panic Assist ................................................ 4-11
Parking ...................................................... 2-34
System Warning Light .................................. 3-39
Brake Adjustment ............................................ 5-43
Brake Fluid .................................................... 5-41
Brake Pedal Travel ......................................... 5-43
Brake Wear ................................................... 5-42
Brakes .......................................................... 5-41
Braking ........................................................... 4-6
Braking in Emergencies ..................................... 4-9
Break-In, New Vehicle ..................................... 2-21
Bulb Replacement ........................................... 5-52
Back-Up and License Plate Lamps ................. 5-55
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) ........ 5-53
Front Turn Signal and Fog Lamps .................. 5-53
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-52
Headlamps ................................................. 5-52
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting ........... 5-52
2
Bulb Replacement (cont.)
Replacement Bulbs ...................................... 5-55
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Sidemarker Lamps ................................... 5-54
Buying New Tires ........................................... 5-68
C
Cadillac Owner Privileges™ ............................... 7-6
California Fuel .................................................. 5-5
Canada – Customer Assistance .......................... 7-4
Canadian Owners ................................................ ii
Capacities and Specifications .......................... 5-106
Carbon Monoxide ................... 4-26, 4-38, 2-12, 2-38
Care of
Safety Belts ................................................ 5-88
Your CD Player ......................................... 3-119
Your CDs ................................................. 3-119
Cassette Tape Player Service ........................... 6-10
CD Messages ............................................... 3-115
Cellular Phone Usage .................................... 3-119
Center Console Storage Area ........................... 2-52
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) ........... 5-53
Chains, Tires .................................................. 5-72
Change Engine Oil .......................................... 3-63
Change Trans (Transmission) Fluid
(Automatic Transmission) .............................. 3-64
Charging System Light .................................... 3-39
Check Brake Fluid ..........................................
Check Coolant Level .......................................
Check Engine Light .........................................
Check Gas Cap ..............................................
Check Washer Fluid ........................................
Checking Coolant ............................................
Checking Engine Oil ........................................
Checking Things Under the Hood ......................
Checking Your Restraint Systems ......................
Chemical Paint Spotting ...................................
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ...............................
Infants and Young Children ...........................
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ..........................
Older Children .............................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System ...................................
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position ...........................................
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position ...................................
Top Strap ...................................................
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................
Where to Put the Restraint ...........................
Cigarette Lighter .............................................
Cleaning
Inside of Your Vehicle ..................................
Outside of Your Vehicle ................................
3-64
3-65
3-42
3-65
3-65
5-29
5-16
5-10
1-59
5-91
1-35
1-32
1-41
1-29
1-43
1-44
1-46
1-39
1-40
1-38
3-25
5-86
5-89
Cleaning (cont.)
Underbody Maintenance ............................... 5-91
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-88
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ...... 5-90
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ....................... 5-89
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet .................................... 5-86
Cleaning Glass Surfaces .................................. 5-88
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components ................. 5-88
Cleaning Leather ............................................ 5-87
Cleaning the Mirror ................................. 2-40, 2-42
Cleaning the Speaker Covers ........................... 5-88
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel ........... 5-87
Cleaning Tires ................................................ 5-91
Cleaning Vinyl ................................................ 5-87
Cleaning Windshield and Wiper Blades .............. 5-90
Cleaning Wood Panels .................................... 5-88
Climate Control System
Air Filter, Passenger Compartment ................. 3-32
Dual .......................................................... 3-26
Outlet Adjustment ........................................ 3-31
Steering Wheel Controls ............................... 3-33
Clutch, Hydraulic ............................................. 5-26
Compact Spare Tire ........................................ 5-85
Compass Calibration ....................................... 2-41
Compass Operation ......................................... 2-41
Compass Variance .......................................... 2-41
Configurable Radio Display Keys ..................... 3-116
Control of a Vehicle .......................................... 4-6
Convenience Net ............................................ 2-53
3
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ............................ 3-42
Engine Temperature Warning Light ................. 3-41
Heater, Engine ............................................ 2-25
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............................. 5-30
Cooling System .............................................. 5-33
Cruise Control ........................................ 3-13, 3-19
Cruise Control Light ........................................ 3-48
Cupholder(s) .................................................. 2-52
Current and Past Model Order Forms ................ 7-13
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation .................................. 7-8
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ............................... 7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ........................... 7-4
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..................... 7-2
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ................................................ 7-5
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors ........................................ 7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government .............................. 7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ......................... 7-11
Roadside Service .......................................... 7-6
Service Publications Ordering Information ........ 7-12
4
D
Daytime Running Lamps .................................. 3-20
Defensive Driving ............................................. 4-2
Defogging and Defrosting ................................. 3-30
Delayed Locking ............................................... 2-9
DIC Main Menu Item Descriptions
(Base Audio System) ................................... 3-58
Dinghy Towing ................................................ 4-32
Diversity Antenna System ............................... 3-120
Doing Your Own Service Work ........................... 5-3
Dolly Towing .................................................. 4-32
Door
Central Door Unlocking System ....................... 2-9
Delayed Locking ........................................... 2-9
Locks .......................................................... 2-8
Power Door Locks ......................................... 2-9
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-10
Rear Door Security Locks ............................. 2-10
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ..................................... 1-15
Driver Door Ajar ............................................. 3-65
Driver Information Center (DIC) ......................... 3-50
DIC Main Menu ........................................... 3-57
DIC Vehicle Personalization .......................... 3-79
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-61
Status of Vehicle Systems ............................ 3-52
System Controls .......................................... 3-50
Driving
At Night ..................................................... 4-17
City ........................................................... 4-21
Defensive ..................................................... 4-2
Drunken ....................................................... 4-3
Freeway ..................................................... 4-22
Hill and Mountain Roads .............................. 4-24
In Rain and on Wet Roads ........................... 4-18
Winter ........................................................ 4-26
Winter Mode Light ....................................... 3-47
Driving on Grades ........................................... 4-43
Driving on Snow or Ice .................................... 4-27
Driving Through Deep Standing Water ............... 4-20
Driving Through Flowing Water ......................... 4-20
Driving with a Trailer ....................................... 4-42
Dual Climate Control System ............................ 3-26
E
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ...................................... 5-93
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ........................... 5-94
Power Windows and Other Power Options ........ 5-94
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion ................ 5-100
Windshield Wiper Fuses ............................... 5-94
Emergency Trunk Release Handle ..................... 2-13
Emissions Inspection and
Maintenance Programs ................................. 3-45
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ......................................... 5-22
Battery ....................................................... 5-44
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ............ 3-42
Coolant ...................................................... 5-27
Coolant Heater ............................................ 2-25
Coolant Temperature Gage ........................... 3-42
Coolant Temperature Warning Light ................ 3-41
Engine Compartment Overview ...................... 5-12
Exhaust ..................................................... 2-38
Oil ............................................................. 5-16
Overheating ................................................ 5-30
Starting ...................................................... 2-24
Engine Coolant Hot – AC
(Air Conditioning) Off .................................... 3-66
Engine Coolant Hot – Idle Engine ..................... 3-66
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing .................. 4-44
Engine Oil Additives ........................................ 5-19
Engine Overheated – Stop Engine .................... 3-67
Engine Power Reduced ................................... 3-67
Engine Specifications ..................................... 5-107
Engine Speed Limiter ...................................... 3-37
Entering the Personalization Menu ..................... 3-80
Entry Lighting ................................................. 3-23
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons .............................. 2-50
Event Data Records (EDR) .............................. 7-10
Exiting the Personalization Menu ....................... 3-99
Express-Down Window .................................... 2-15
5
Express-Up Window ........................................
Extender, Safety Belt .......................................
Exterior Lamps ...............................................
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver ..........................
2-15
1-28
3-20
3-22
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................... 5-22
Finding a Station ........................................... 3-103
Finish Care .................................................... 5-89
Finish Damage ............................................... 5-91
Flash-To-Pass Feature ..................................... 3-11
Flat Tire ........................................................ 5-73
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................... 5-74
Fluid
Automatic Transmission ................................ 5-24
Manual Transmission .................................... 5-25
Power Steering ........................................... 5-39
Windshield Washer ...................................... 5-40
FM Stereo .................................................... 3-119
Fog Lamp Light .............................................. 3-48
Fog Lamps .................................................... 3-12
Folding Rear Seat ............................................ 1-7
Following Distance .......................................... 4-42
Front Seat Cupholders ..................................... 2-52
Fuel ............................................................... 5-4
Additives ...................................................... 5-6
California Fuel .............................................. 5-5
6
Fuel (cont.)
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ..................... 5-9
Filling Your Tank ........................................... 5-7
Fuels in Foreign Countries .............................. 5-6
Gage ......................................................... 3-49
Gasoline Octane ........................................... 5-4
Gasoline Specifications .................................. 5-5
Fuel Level Low ............................................... 3-67
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ........................... 5-94
Windshield Wiper ......................................... 5-94
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ......................... 3-42
Fuel .......................................................... 3-49
Speedometer .............................................. 3-36
Tachometer ................................................. 3-37
Garage Door Opener ....................................... 2-47
Garment Hooks .............................................. 2-52
Gasoline
Octane ........................................................ 5-4
Specifications ............................................... 5-5
Gate Operator and Canadian Programming ........ 2-50
Glove Box ..................................................... 2-52
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities .................................................... 7-5
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................... 3-6
Head Restraints ............................................... 1-6
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer ................... 3-10
Headlamp Washers ......................................... 3-19
Headlamps .................................... 3-11, 3-20, 5-52
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 5-52
Front Turn Signal and Fog Lamps .................. 5-53
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-52
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting ........... 5-52
Headlamps Suggested ..................................... 3-68
Heated Seats ................................................... 1-3
Highbeam On Light ......................................... 3-49
Highway Hypnosis ........................................... 4-24
Hill and Mountain Roads .................................. 4-24
Hitches .......................................................... 4-41
HomeLink® Transmitter .................................... 2-47
HomeLink® Transmitter, Programming ................ 2-48
Hood
Checking Things Under ................................ 5-10
Release ..................................................... 5-11
Horn ............................................................... 3-7
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank ................................................. 5-35
How to Add Fluid ............................................ 5-26
How to Check ........................................ 5-25, 5-66
How to Check and Add Fluid ............................ 5-27
How to Check Lubricant ................................... 5-51
How to Check Power Steering Fluid .................. 5-39
How to Inspect the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ....... 5-23
How to Reset the Change Transmission Fluid
Message and the Transmission Fluid Indicator
(Automatic Transmission) .............................. 5-24
How to Use This Manual ...................................... ii
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................... 1-14
Hydraulic Clutch ............................................. 5-26
Hydroplaning .................................................. 4-20
I
Ice Possible ................................................... 3-68
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine .......... 5-32
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine ............... 5-31
If the Light is Flashing ..................................... 3-44
If the Light Is On Steady ................................. 3-44
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard ......................... 4-28
If You Are Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ....... 4-30
If You Do Decide to Pull a Trailer ...................... 4-39
Ignition Positions ............................................. 2-22
Immobilizer .................................................... 2-19
Immobilizer Operation ...................................... 2-20
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ............... 1-32
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................... 5-66
Instrument Panel
Cluster ....................................................... 3-35
Overview ..................................................... 3-4
Instrument Panel Brightness ............................. 3-22
Interior Lamps ................................................ 3-22
7
J
Jump Starting ................................................. 5-45
K
Key Release Button
(Manual Transmission) .................................. 2-23
Keyless Entry System ....................................... 2-4
Keys ............................................................... 2-3
L
Lamps
Exterior ......................................................
Interior .......................................................
Lap-Shoulder Belt ................................... 1-15,
LATCH System
Child Restraints ...........................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System ...................................
Leaving Your Vehicle .......................................
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running
(Automatic Transmission) ..............................
Left Rear Door Ajar .........................................
Light
Air Bag Readiness .......................................
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ...................
Brake System Warning .................................
Charging System .........................................
8
3-20
3-22
1-23
1-41
1-43
2-11
2-36
3-68
3-38
3-40
3-39
3-39
Light (cont.)
Cruise Control ............................................. 3-48
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning ............. 3-41
Fog Lamp .................................................. 3-48
Highbeam On ............................................. 3-49
Lights On Reminder ..................................... 3-48
Malfunction Indicator .................................... 3-42
Oil Pressure ............................................... 3-46
Safety Belt Reminder ................................... 3-37
Security ..................................................... 3-48
Sport Mode ................................................ 3-47
TCS Warning Light ...................................... 3-41
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning .......... 3-41
Winter Driving Mode .................................... 3-47
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror ............................... 2-17
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-33
Lockout Protection .......................................... 2-11
Locks
Central Door Unlocking System ....................... 2-9
Delayed Locking ........................................... 2-9
Door ........................................................... 2-8
Leaving Your Vehicle .................................... 2-11
Lockout Protection ....................................... 2-11
Power Door .................................................. 2-9
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-10
Rear Door Security Locks ............................. 2-10
Loss of Control ............................................... 4-16
Lumbar
Power Controls ............................................. 1-3
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ........................... 6-6
At Each Fuel Fill ......................................... 6-10
At Least Once a Month ................................ 6-10
At Least Once a Year .................................. 6-11
Introduction .................................................. 6-2
Maintenance Footnotes .................................. 6-8
Maintenance Record .................................... 6-16
Maintenance Requirements ............................. 6-2
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ......... 6-15
Owner Checks and Services ......................... 6-10
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ............. 6-13
Scheduled Maintenance ................................. 6-4
Using Your ................................................... 6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................... 6-2
Maintenance When Trailer Towing ..................... 4-44
Making Turns ................................................. 4-42
Malfunction Indicator Light ................................ 3-42
Manual Passenger Seat .................................... 1-2
Manual Transmission ....................................... 2-24
Fluid .......................................................... 5-25
Operation ................................................... 2-32
Map Pocket ................................................... 2-52
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle ................. 2-6
Memory Mirrors .............................................. 2-55
Memory Seat ................................................. 2-55
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-61
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean Islands/
Countries (Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) – Customer Assistance ........................ 7-5
Mirror Operation ............................................. 2-40
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview with OnStar® ....... 2-40
Automatic Dimming Rearview with OnStar®
and Compass ........................................... 2-40
Memory ..................................................... 2-55
Outside Convex Mirror ................................. 2-44
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror .................... 2-44
Outside Heated Mirrors ................................ 2-44
Outside Power Mirrors .................................. 2-43
MyGMLink.com ................................................ 7-3
N
Navigation/Radio System ................................ 3-117
New Vehicle Break-In ...................................... 2-21
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ............ 6-15
O
Odometer ...................................................... 3-36
Off-Road Recovery .......................................... 4-14
9
Oil
Engine ....................................................... 5-16
Pressure Light ............................................. 3-46
Oil Pressure Low – Stop Engine ....................... 3-69
Older Children, Restraints ................................ 1-29
Online Owner Center ........................................ 7-3
OnStar® Personal Calling ................................. 2-46
OnStar® Services ............................................ 2-45
OnStar® Steering Wheel Controls (CTS) ............. 2-46
OnStar® System ............................................. 2-45
OnStar® Virtual Advisor .................................... 2-46
Other Warning Devices ...................................... 3-7
Outlet Adjustment ............................................ 3-31
Outside
Convex Mirror ............................................. 2-44
Curb View Assist Mirror ................................ 2-44
Heated Mirrors ............................................ 2-44
Power Mirrors ............................................. 2-43
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode .......................................... 5-30
Overseas – Customer Assistance ........................ 7-5
Owner Checks and Services ............................. 6-10
Owners, Canadian ............................................... ii
Owner’s Information ........................................ 7-12
P
Panic Brake Assist .......................................... 4-11
Parade Dimming ............................................. 3-23
10
Park (P)
Shifting Into ................................................ 2-35
Shifting Out of ............................................ 2-37
Parking
Brake ........................................................ 2-34
Over Things That Burn ................................. 2-38
Parking on Hills .............................................. 4-43
Parking Your Vehicle ....................................... 2-37
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ..................... 3-32
Passenger Door Ajar ....................................... 3-69
Passing ................................................. 4-14, 4-42
Personalization Features .................................. 3-81
Personalization Off/Driver Identification
(Navigation System) ..................................... 3-70
Plan Ahead When Possible ................................ 7-8
Playing the Radio .......................................... 3-102
Power
Accessory Outlets ........................................ 3-24
Door Locks .................................................. 2-9
Electrical System ......................................... 5-94
Lumbar Controls ........................................... 1-3
Seat ............................................................ 1-2
Steering Fluid ............................................. 5-39
Windows .................................................... 2-15
Power Steering ............................................... 4-11
Pretensioners, Safety Belt ................................ 1-28
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ................. 2-10
Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter ........... 2-48
Programming the Power Windows ..................... 2-16
Q
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......... 1-13
R
Radio Data System (RDS) .............................. 3-101
Radio Message ............................................. 3-109
Radios ......................................................... 3-100
Care of Your CD Player .............................. 3-119
Care of Your CDs ...................................... 3-119
Navigation/Radio System ............................. 3-117
Radio with CD ........................................... 3-101
Setting the Time ........................................ 3-100
Theft-Deterrent .......................................... 3-117
Understanding Reception ............................ 3-119
RDS Messages ............................................. 3-107
Reaching Roadside Service ............................... 7-7
Reading Lamps .............................................. 3-23
Rear Axle ...................................................... 5-51
Rear Door Security Locks ................................ 2-10
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ...................... 1-26
Rear Seat Cupholders ..................................... 2-52
Rear Seat Passenger Positions ......................... 1-22
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .................. 1-22
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
(Passenger’s Side) ..................................... 5-104
Rear Underseat Fuse Block (Driver’s Side) ....... 5-102
Rear Window Defogger .................................... 3-31
Rear-Seat Pass Through .................................. 2-13
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming
with OnStar® .............................................. 2-40
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming
with OnStar® and Compass .......................... 2-40
Reclining Seatbacks .......................................... 1-4
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ................. 6-13
Reconfigureable Steering Wheel Controls ............. 3-8
Recreational Vehicle Towing ............................. 4-31
Remote Keyless Entry System ............................ 2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System, Operation ............ 2-5
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire .................................................. 5-78
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................... 5-75
Removing Wheel Covers and
Wheel Nut Caps .......................................... 5-77
Replacement Bulbs ......................................... 5-55
Replacing Brake System Parts .......................... 5-43
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash .............................................. 1-60
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government .................................. 7-11
General Motors ........................................... 7-11
United States Government ............................ 7-11
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink® Button ....... 2-51
Resetting Defaults ........................................... 2-51
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems ................... 1-59
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash .......................................... 1-60
11
Restraint Systems
Checking .................................................... 1-59
Replacing Parts ........................................... 1-60
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................... 2-24
Right Front Passenger Position, Safety Belts ...... 1-22
Right Rear Door Ajar ....................................... 3-70
Roadside
Service ........................................................ 7-6
Roadside Service Availability .............................. 7-7
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired ........................................... 7-7
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out ................... 4-31
Roof Rack Provisions ...................................... 2-53
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....... 2-39
S
Safety Belt
Pretensioners ..............................................
Reminder Light ............................................
Safety Belts
Care of ......................................................
Driver Position ............................................
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ........
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults .........................
Rear Seat Passengers .................................
Right Front Passenger Position ......................
12
1-28
3-37
5-88
1-15
1-14
1-13
1-26
1-22
1-22
Safety Belts (cont.)
Safety Belt Extender .................................... 1-28
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ................. 1-21
Safety Belts Are for Everyone ......................... 1-9
Safety Chains ................................................. 4-41
Safety Warnings and Symbols .............................. iii
Scheduled Maintenance ..................................... 6-4
Seats
Head Restraints ............................................ 1-6
Heated Seats ............................................... 1-3
Manual Passenger ......................................... 1-2
Memory ..................................................... 2-55
Power Lumbar .............................................. 1-3
Power Seats ................................................. 1-2
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 1-4
Split Folding Rear Seat .................................. 1-7
Securing a Child Restraint
Designed for the LATCH System ................... 1-43
Rear Seat Position ...................................... 1-44
Right Front Seat Position .............................. 1-46
Security Light ................................................. 3-48
Sensors ......................................................... 3-29
Service ........................................................... 5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle .............................................. 5-4
Doing Your Own Work ................................... 5-3
Engine Soon Light ....................................... 3-42
Publications Ordering Information ................... 7-12
Service AC (Air Conditioning) System ................ 3-71
Service Air Bag .............................................. 3-71
Service Bulletins ............................................. 7-12
Service Charging System ................................. 3-72
Service Electrical System ................................. 3-72
Service Fuel System ....................................... 3-72
Service Idle Control ......................................... 3-72
Service Manuals ............................................. 7-12
Service Stability System Message ..................... 3-73
Service Steering System .................................. 3-75
Service Theft System ...................................... 3-75
Service Transmission ....................................... 3-76
Service Vehicle Soon ...................................... 3-76
Setting Preset Stations ................................... 3-104
Setting the Time ........................................... 3-100
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble) ........................ 3-105
Sheet Metal Damage ....................................... 5-91
Shift Lock Release
(Automatic Transmission) .............................. 2-29
Shift Speeds (Manual Transmission) .................. 2-33
Shifting Into Park (P) ....................................... 2-35
Shifting Out of Park (P) ................................... 2-37
Skidding ........................................................ 4-16
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips ....................... 4-20
Specifications, Capacities ............................... 5-106
Speed Variable Assist Steering ......................... 4-11
Speedometer .................................................. 3-36
Split Folding Rear Seat ..................................... 1-7
Sport Mode Button
(Automatic Transmission) .............................. 2-30
Sport Mode Light ............................................ 3-47
Stabilitrak® System ......................................... 4-10
Stability System Engaged Message ................... 3-73
Stability System Off Message ........................... 3-74
Stability System Ready Message ....................... 3-74
Starting Disabled – Remove Key ....................... 3-76
Starting Disabled – Throttle Problem .................. 3-77
Starting Your Engine ....................................... 2-24
Status of Vehicle Systems, DIC ........................ 3-52
Steering ........................................................ 4-11
Steering Column Ignition Lock Release
(Automatic Transmission) .............................. 2-23
Steering in Emergencies .................................. 4-13
Steering Tips .................................................. 4-12
Steering Wheel Comfort Controls ...................... 3-33
Steering Wheel Controls .................................... 3-8
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ....................... 3-118
Storage
Garment Hooks ........................................... 2-52
Storage Areas
Center Console Storage Area ........................ 2-52
Convenience Net ......................................... 2-53
Cupholder(s) ............................................... 2-52
Glove Box .................................................. 2-52
Map Pocket ................................................ 2-52
Roof Rack Provisions ................................... 2-53
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools .......................... 5-83
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools ....................... 5-83
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ...................... 4-30
13
Sun Visors ..................................................... 2-17
Sunroof ......................................................... 2-54
System Controls, DIC ...................................... 3-50
T
Tachometer .................................................... 3-37
Taillamps
Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Sidemarker Lamps ................................... 5-54
TCS Warning Light .......................................... 3-41
Testing the Alarm ............................................ 2-19
Theft Attempted .............................................. 3-77
Theft-Deterrent, Radio .................................... 3-117
Theft-Deterrent System .................................... 2-18
Theft-Deterrent Systems ................................... 2-18
Immobilizer ................................................. 2-19
Immobilizer Operation ................................... 2-20
Tilt Wheel ........................................................ 3-7
Tire Inflation Check ......................................... 6-10
Tire Sidewall Labeling ...................................... 5-59
Tire Size ....................................................... 5-62
Tire Terminology and Definitions ........................ 5-63
Tires ............................................................. 5-58
Buying New Tires ........................................ 5-68
Chains ....................................................... 5-72
Changing a Flat Tire .................................... 5-74
Compact Spare Tire ..................................... 5-85
If a Tire Goes Flat ....................................... 5-73
14
Tires (cont.)
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................ 5-66
Inspection and Rotation ................................ 5-67
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ......................... 5-69
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ................. 5-71
Wheel Replacement ..................................... 5-71
When It Is Time for New Tires ...................... 5-68
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater .................... 2-25
Top Speed – Fuel Cut Off ................................ 3-77
Top Strap ...................................................... 1-39
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................... 1-40
Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission) ............... 2-36
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires .................. 4-41
Towing
Recreational Vehicle ..................................... 4-31
Towing a Trailer .......................................... 4-38
Your Vehicle ............................................... 4-31
Traction
Control System (TCS) .................................... 4-9
Control System Warning Light ....................... 3-41
Stabilitrak® System ...................................... 4-10
Traction Engaged ............................................ 3-78
Trailer Brakes ................................................. 4-41
Trans (Transmission) Hot – Idle Engine .............. 3-78
Transmission
Fluid, Automatic ........................................... 5-24
Fluid, Manual .............................................. 5-25
Transmission Operation, Automatic .................... 2-26
Transmission Operation, Manual ........................ 2-32
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case Unit
Repair Manual ............................................ 7-12
Transportation Options ...................................... 7-8
Trip Odometers .............................................. 3-36
Trunk ............................................................ 2-12
Trunk Lock Release ........................................ 2-12
Trunk Open ................................................... 3-78
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ......................... 3-10
Turn Signal On ............................................... 3-79
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ........................... 3-9
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer .................. 4-43
U
Underhood Fuse Block .................................... 5-95
Understanding Radio Reception ....................... 3-119
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ............................ 5-69
United States – Customer Assistance .................. 7-4
Used Replacement Wheels .............................. 5-72
Using DSP ................................................... 3-107
Using HomeLink® ........................................... 2-50
Using the Single CD Player ............................ 3-112
Using the Six-CD CD Changer ........................ 3-113
V
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-6
Damage Warnings ........................................... iv
Vehicle (cont.)
Loading ...................................................... 4-33
Parking Your ............................................... 2-37
Symbols ......................................................... iv
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Records .............................................. 7-10
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ............................................. 5-93
Service Parts Identification Label ................... 5-93
Vehicle Information Menu Item Descriptions ........ 3-54
Vehicle Information Menu
(Base Audio System) ................................... 3-52
Vehicle Information Menu
(Navigation System) ..................................... 3-53
Vehicle Personalization
DIC ........................................................... 3-79
Memory Seat and Mirrors ............................. 2-55
Ventilation Adjustment ...................................... 3-31
Visors ........................................................... 2-17
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ................ 3-34
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-61
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................... 3-6
Other Warning Devices .................................. 3-7
Safety and Symbols ......................................... iii
Vehicle Damage .............................................. iv
15
Washing Your Vehicle ......................................
Weight of the Trailer ........................................
Weight of the Trailer Tongue .............................
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use ........................
What to Do with Used Oil ................................
What to Use .......................... 5-28, 5-39, 5-40,
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance ..........................
Replacement ...............................................
When to Add Engine Oil ..................................
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System) ...................................
When to Check ...................................... 5-25,
When to Check and What to Use .....................
When to Check Lubricant .................................
When to Check Power Steering Fluid ................
When to Inspect the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ........
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill .........................................
Where to Put the Restraint ...............................
Why Safety Belts Work ....................................
Window Lockout .............................................
Windows .......................................................
Power ........................................................
16
5-89
4-39
4-40
5-18
5-22
5-51
5-71
5-71
5-17
5-20
5-66
5-26
5-51
5-39
5-23
4-44
1-38
1-10
2-17
2-14
2-15
Windshield Washer .........................................
Fluid ..........................................................
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement ......................................
Fuses ........................................................
Windshield Wiper Lever ...................................
Windshield Wipers ..........................................
Winter Driving ................................................
Winter Driving Mode Button
(Automatic Transmission) ..............................
Winter Driving Mode Light ................................
Winter Tires ...................................................
3-18
5-40
5-56
5-94
3-16
3-16
4-26
2-31
3-47
5-59
X
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System .............. 3-120
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States) ................ 3-102, 3-119
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................... 6-2
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