Ultra Start 22xx Specifications

Ultra Start 22xx Specifications
IBM storage products
ibm
Hard disk drive specifications
Ultrastar 146Z10
3.5 inch SCSI hard disk drive
Models: IC35L018UWDY10
IC35L018UCDY10
IC35L036UWDY10
IC35L036UCDY10
IC35L073UWDY10
IC35L073UCDY10
IC35L146UWDY10
IC35L146UCDY10
Revision 2.2
S07N9742-03
02 February 2002
Publication number 3630
This page intentionally left blank.
IBM storage products
ibm
Hard disk drive specifications
Ultrastar 146Z10
3.5 inch SCSI hard disk drive
Models: IC35L018UWDY10
IC35L018UCDY10
IC35L036UWDY10
IC35L036UCDY10
IC35L073UWDY10
IC35L073UCDY10
IC35L146UWDY10
IC35L146UCDY10
Revision 2.2
S07N9742-03
02 February 2002
Publication number 3630
1st Edition (Rev. 2.0) S07N9742-01 (31 January 2002)
2nd Edition (Rev. 2.1) S07N9742-02 (01 February 2002)
3rd Edition (Rev. 2.2) S07N9742-03 (02 February 2002)
The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any country where such provisions are
inconsistent with local law: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS
PUBLICATION “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EI THER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimer or express or implied warranties in certain
transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to you.
This publication could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the
information herein; these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any time.
It is possible that this publication may contain reference to, or information about, IBM products (machines and
programs), programming, or services that are not announced in your country. Such references or information must
not be construed to mean that IBM intends to announce such IBM products, programming, or services in your
country.
Technical information about this product is available by contacting your local IBM representative or the following:
Internet: http://www.ibm.com/harddrive
IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter in this document. The furnishing of
this document does not give you any license to these patents. You can send license inquiries, in writing, to the IBM
Director of Commercial Relations, IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY 10577.
©Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2002. All rights reserved.
Note to U.S. Government Users —Documentation related to restricted rights —Use, duplication or disclosure is
subject to restrictions set forth in GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
Table of contents
Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
1.0 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.2 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.3 General caution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
2.0 Outline of the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Part 1. Functional specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.0 Fixed disk subsystem description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.1 Control electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.2 Head disk assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.3 Actuator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
4.0 Drive characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.1 Formatted capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.2 Data sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.3 Inquiry Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.3.1 Product ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.3.2 World Wide ID - Block assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.4 Cylinder allocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
4.5 Performance characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.5.1 Command overhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.5.2 Mechanical positioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
4.5.3 Drive ready time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
4.5.4 Spindle stop time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
4.5.5 Data transfer speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.5.6 Buffering operation (read ahead/write cache) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.5.7 Throughput . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
5.0 Data integrity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
5.1 Equipment status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
5.2 Error recovery procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
6.0 Physical format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
6.1 Shipped format (P-List) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
6.2 Reassigned format (G-List) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
7.0 Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
7.1 Electrical interface specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
7.1.1 Power connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
7.1.2 SCSI bus connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
7.1.3 SCSI cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
7.1.4 SCSI bus terminator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
7.1.5 Hot plug/unplug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
7.1.6 SCSI bus electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
7.1.7 Auxiliary connector on 68-pin model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
7.2 Option jumper block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
7.2.1 Jumper signal description on J6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
7.2.2 Jumper signal description on J4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
7.3 Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
7.3.1 Corrosion test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
7.4 Cooling requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
7.5 DC power requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
7.5.1 Input voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
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7.5.2 Power supply current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.5.3 Ripple voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.5.4 Power consumption efficiency index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6 Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.1 Start/stop cycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.2 Data reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.3 Seek/ID miscompare errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.4 Equipment errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.5 Failure prediction (PFA/S.M.A.R.T.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.6 Preventive maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.7 Temperature Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7 Mechanical specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.1 Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.2 Mechanical dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.3 Interface connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.4 Mounting positions and tappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.5 Heads unload and actuator lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.6 Breather hole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.8 Vibration and shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.8.1 Operating vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.8.2 Non-operating vibrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.8.3 Operating shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.8.4 Non-operating shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.9 Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.10 Identification labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.11 Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.11.1 CE Mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.11.2 C-Tick Mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.11.3 BSMI Mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.12 Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.12.1 UL and CSA standard conformity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.12.2 European Standards Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.12.3 German Safety Mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.12.4 Flammability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part 2. Interface specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.0 SCSI Command Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.1 SCSI Control Byte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2 Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.3 Byte ordering conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.4 FORMAT UNIT (04h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.4.1 Defect list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.4.2 Defect descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.5 INQUIRY (12h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.5.1 Inquiry DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.6 LOG SELECT (4Ch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.7 LOG SENSE (4Dh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.7.1 Log Page parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.7.2 Log Sense Page 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.7.3 Log Sense Page 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.7.4 Log Sense Page 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.7.5 Log Sense Page 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.7.6 Log Sense Page 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.7.7 Log Sense Page D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.7.8 Log Sense Page E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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8.7.9 Log Sense Page F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
8.7.10 Log Sense Page 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
8.7.11 Log Sense Page 2F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
8.8 MODE SENSE (6) (1A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
8.8.1 Mode Parameter List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
8.8.2 Mode Page 0 (Vendor Unique Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
8.8.3 Mode Page 1 (Read/Write Error Recovery Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
8.8.4 Mode Page 2 (Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
8.8.5 Mode Page 3 (Format Device Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
8.8.6 Mode Page 4 (Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
8.8.7 Mode Page 7 (Verify Error Recovery Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
8.8.8 Mode Page 8 (Caching Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
8.8.9 Mode Page A (Control Mode Page Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
8.8.10 Mode Page 0C (Notch Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
8.8.11 Mode Page 19 (Port Control) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
8.8.12 Mode Page 1A (Power Control Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
8.8.13 Mode Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
8.9 MODE SENSE (10) (5Ah) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
8.10 MODE SELECT (6) (15h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
8.11 MODE SELECT (10) (55h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
8.12 PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5Eh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
8.12.1 Service Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
8.12.2 Parameter data for Read Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
8.12.3 Parameter data for Read Reservations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
8.12.4 Parameter data for Read Reservation Descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
8.13 PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5Fh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
8.13.1 Service Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
8.13.2 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
8.13.3 Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
8.13.4 Parameter list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
8.13.5 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
8.14 PRE-FETCH (34h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
8.15 READ (6) (08h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
8.16 READ (10) (28h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
8.17 READ BUFFER (ACH) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
8.17.1 Combined Header And Data (Mode 0000b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
8.17.2 Read Data (Mode 0010b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
8.17.3 Descriptor (Mode 0011b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
8.17.4 Read Data from Echo Buffer (Mode 1010b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
8.17.5 Echo Buffer Descriptor (Mode 1011b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
8.18 READ CAPACITY (25h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
8.19 READ DEFECT DATA (10) (37h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
8.19.1 Defect List Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
8.19.2 Bytes from Index Format (100b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
8.19.3 Physical Sector Format (101b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
8.20 READ DEFECT DATA (12) (B7h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
8.20.1 Defect List Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
8.20.2 Bytes from Index Format (100b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
8.20.3 Physical Sector Format (101b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
8.21 READ LONG (3Eh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
8.22 REASSIGN BLOCKS (07h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
8.23 RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS (1Ch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
8.23.1 Receive Diagnostic Results Page 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
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8.23.2 Receive Diagnostic Results Page 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.23.3 Receive Diagnostic Results Page 80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.24 RELEASE (6) (17h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.25 RELEASE (10) (57h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.26 REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.27 REPORT LUN (A0h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.28 REQUEST SENSE (03h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.29 RESERVE (6) (16h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.30 RESERVE (10) (56h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.31 REZERO UNIT (01h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.32 SEEK (6) (0Bh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.33 SEEK EXTENDED (10) (2Bh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.34 SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1Dh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.34.1 Send Diagnostic Page 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.34.2 Send Diagnostic Page 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.34.3 Send Diagnostic Page 80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.35 SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.36 START STOP Unit (1Bh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.37 SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (35h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.38 TEST UNIT READY (00h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.39 VERIFY (2Fh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.40 WRITE (6) (0Ah) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.41 WRITE (10) (2Ah) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.42 WRITE AND VERIFY (2Eh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.43 WRITE BUFFER (3Bh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.43.1 Combined Header And Data (Mode 0000b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.43.2 Write Data (Mode 0010b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.43.3 Download Microcode (Mode 0100b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.43.4 Download Microcode and Save (Mode 0101b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.43.5 Download Microcode and Save (Mode 0111b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.43.6 Write Data to Echo Buffer (Mode 1010b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.44 WRITE LONG (3Fh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.45 WRITE SAME (41h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.0 SCSI Status Byte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.0 SCSI Message System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1 Supported Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.1 TASK COMPLETE (00h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.2 SYNCHRONOUS DATA TRANSFER REQUEST (010301H) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.3 WIDE DATA TRANSFER REQUEST (010203H) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.4 PARALLEL PROTOCOL REQUEST (01,06,04H) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.5 SAVE DATA POINTER (02h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.6 RESTORE POINTERS (03h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.7 DISCONNECT (04h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.8 INITIATOR DETECTED ERROR (05h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.9 ABORT (06h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.10 MESSAGE REJECT (07h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.11 NO OPERATION (08h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.12 MESSAGE PARITY ERROR (09h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.13 LINKED COMMAND COMPLETE (0Ah) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.14 LINKED COMMAND COMPLETE WITH FLAG (0Bh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.15 TARGET RESET (0Ch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.16 ABORT TAG (0Dh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.17 CLEAR QUEUE TAG (0Eh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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10.1.18 QUEUE TAG MESSAGES (20xxh, 21xxh, 22xxh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.19 IGNORE WIDE RESIDUE (2301h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1.20 IDENTIFY (80 - FFh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.2 Supported Message Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.3 Attention Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4 SCSI Bus Related Error Handling Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4.1 Unexpected BUS FREE Phase Error Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4.2 MESSAGE OUT Phase Parity Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4.3 MESSAGE IN Phase Parity Error (Message Parity Error) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4.4 COMMAND Phase Parity Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4.5 DATA OUT Phase Parity Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4.6 INITIATOR DETECTED ERROR Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4.7 MESSAGE REJECT Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.0 Additional information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.1 SCSI Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.1.1 Priority of SCSI Status Byte Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.1.2 Invalid LUN in Identify Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.1.3 Incorrect Initiator Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.1.4 Command Processing during execution of active I/O process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.1.5 Unit Attention Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.1.6 Command Processing During Startup and Format Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.1.7 Deferred Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.1.8 Degraded Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.1.9 Command processing while reserved . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.2 Priority commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.3 Command queuing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.3.1 Queue depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.3.2 Tagged queuing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.3.3 Untagged queuing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.3.4 Command queuing rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.3.5 Queue Full status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.3.6 Device behavior on Command queuing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.4 Command reordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.5 Concurrent I/O Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.6 Back to Back Write . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.7 Write Cache . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.8 Automatic Defect Reallocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.9 Segmented Caching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.10 Reselection Timeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.11 Single Initiator Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.12 Non-arbitrating systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.13 Selection without ATN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.14 Multiple Initiator Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.14.1 Initiator Sense Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.14.2 Initiator Mode Select/Mode Sense Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.14.3 Initiator Data Transfer Mode Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.15 Contingent Allegiance Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.16 Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.16.1 Reset Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.16.2 Power On Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.16.3 SCSI Bus Reset and TARGET RESET Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.16.4 Self-initiated Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.17 Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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11.17.1 Power on Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.17.2 Self-test by Send Diagnostic Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.18 Idle Time Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.19 Information Unit Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.0 SCSI Sense Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.1 SCSI Sense Data Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2 Sense Data Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.1 Valid (Bit 7 of byte 0) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.2 Error Code (Bit 6 - 0 of byte 0) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.3 ILI: Incorrect Length Indicator (Bit 5 of byte 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.4 Sense Key (Bit 3 - 0 of byte 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.5 Information Bytes (Byte 3 through 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.6 Additional Sense Length (Byte 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.7 Command Specific Information (Byte 8 through 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.8 Additional Sense Code/Qualifier (Byte 12 and 13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.9 FRU : Field Replaceable Unit (Byte 14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.10 Sense Key Specific (Byte 15 through 17) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.11 Vendor Unique Error Information (Byte 18 through 19) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.12 Vendor unique error information (Byte 20 through 23) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.13 Physical Error Record (Byte 24 thru 29) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.2.14 Reserved (Byte 30 through 31) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Figures
Figure 1. Formatted capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Figure 2. Data sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Figure 3. Product ID in Inquiry Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Figure 4. Block assignment of World Wide ID in Inquiry Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Figure 5. Cylinder allocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Figure 6. Command overhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figure 7. Mechanical positioning performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Figure 8. Full stroke seek time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Figure 9. Cylinder Skew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 10. Head skew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 11. Latency time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 12. Drive ready time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 13. Spindle stop time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 14. Data transfer speed (sector size 512 bytes case) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Figure 15. Simple sequential access performance (sector size 512 byte case) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Figure 16. Random access performance (sector size 512 bytes case) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Figure 17. P-List physical format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 18. Power connector pin assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Figure 19. Table of signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Figure 20. Table of signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Figure 21. Auxiliary connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Figure 22. Jumper pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Figure 23. Auto Start Delay & Delay Start 6/12 drive behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Figure 24. LED circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Figure 25. SCSI device ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Figure 26. Operating and non-operating conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Figure 27. Temperature and relative humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Figure 28. Maximum allowable module surface temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Figure 29. Module location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Figure 30. Input voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Figure 31. Power supply current of 146-GB models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Figure 32. Power supply current of 73-GB models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Figure 32. Power supply current of 36-GB models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Figure 33. Power supply current of 18-GB models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Figure 34. Power supply generated ripple at drive power connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Figure 35. Power consumption efficiency index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Figure 36. Outline of the 68-pin model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Figure 37. Outline of the 80-pin model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Figure 38. Physical dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Figure 39. Mechanical dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Figure 40. Interface connector for 68-pin models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Figure 41. Interface connector for 80-pin models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Figure 42. Mounting positions and tappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Figure 43. Breather hole location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Figure 44. Random vibration PSD profile breakpoints (operating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Figure 45. Random vibration PSD profile breakpoints (non-operating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Figure 46. A-weighted sound power levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Figure 47. Interface definition mark, SCSI LVD/SE multimode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Figure 48. Supported SCSI commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Figure 49. SCSI Control Byte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
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Figure 50. FORMAT UNIT (04h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Figure 51. Format of Defect List Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Figure 52. Defect descriptor - Block format. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Figure 53. Defect descriptor - Bytes from Index format. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Figure 54. Defect descriptor - Physical Sector format. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Figure 55. INQUIRY (12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Figure 56. Page code descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Figure 57. INQUIRY Data - CmdDt = 0EVPD = 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Figure 58. Command support data format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Figure 59. SUPPORT values and meanings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Figure 60. INQUIRY DATA - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 00) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Figure 61. INQUIRY DATA - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 80h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Figure 62. INQUIRY DATA - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 83h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Figure 63. LOG SELECT (4C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Figure 64. LOG SENSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Figure 65. Log Sense Page 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Figure 66. Log Sense Page 2 (part 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Figure 67. Log Sense Page 2 (part 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Figure 68. Log Sense Page 3 (part 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Figure 69. Log Sense Page 3 (part 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Figure 70. Log Sense Page 5 (part 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Figure 71. Log Sense Page 5 (part 2 0f 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Figure 72. Log Sense Page 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Figure 73. Log Sense Page D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Figure 74. Log Sense Page E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Figure 75. Log Sense Page F Application Client Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Figure 76. Log Sense Page 10, Self-Test Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Figure 77. Log Sense Page 10 Self-Test Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Figure 78. Log Sense Page 10 Extended Segment Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Figure 79. Log Sense Page 2F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Figure 80. MODE SENSE (1A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Figure 81. Page Code Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Figure 82. Mode parameter header (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Figure 83. Mode parameter header (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Figure 84. MODE Parameter Block Descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Figure 85. MODE Parameter Page Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Figure 86. Page Code Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Figure 87. Vendor Unique Parameters - Page 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Figure 88. Mode Page 1 (Vendor Unique Parameters ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Figure 89. Mode Page 2 (Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Figure 90. Mode Page 3 (Format Device Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Figure 91. Mode Page 4 (Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Figure 92. Mode Page 7 (Verify Error Recovery Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Figure 93. Page 8 (Caching Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Figure 94. Page A (Control Mode Page Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Figure 95. Page 0C (Notch Parameters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Figure 96. Page 19 (Port Control parameters) Short format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Figure 97. Page 19 (Port Control Parameters) Long Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Figure 98. Margin Control Subpage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Figure 99. Saved Training Configuration Subpage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Figure 100. Negotiated Settings Subpage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Figure 101. Report Transfer Capabilities Subpage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Figure 102. Page 1A (Power Control) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Figure 103. Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
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Figure 104. MODE SENSE (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 105. MODE SELECT (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 106. MODE SELECT (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 107. Persistent Reserve In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 108. Persistent Reserve In Service Action Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 109. PERSISTENT RESERVE IN parameter data for Read Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 110. PERSISTENT RESERVE IN parameter data for Read Reservations . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 111. PERSISTENT RESERVE IN Read Reservation Descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 112. Persistent Reserve Out (5F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 113. Persistent Reservation Service Action Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 114. Persistent Reservation Scope Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 115. Persistent Reservation Type Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 116. Conflict between new and existing PERSISTENT RESERVATION . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 117. PERSISTENT RESERVATION OUT parameter list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 118. Service Action and parameters and generation counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 119. APTPL and information held by a drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 120. Pre-Fetch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 121. READ (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 122. READ (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 123. READ BUFFER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 124. READ BUFFER Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 125. Read Buffer Descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 126. Echo Buffer Descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 127. READ CAPACITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 128. Format of READ CAPACITY command reply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 129. Read Defect Data (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 130. Defect List Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 131. Defect Descriptors of Bytes from Index Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 132. Defect Descriptors of Physical Sector Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 133. Read Defect Data (12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 134. Defect List Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 135. Defect Descriptors of Bytes from Index Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 136. Defect Descriptors of Physical Sector Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 137. READ LONG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 138. REASSIGN BLOCKS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 139. Format of REASSIGN BLOCKS data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 140. RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 141. Receive Diagnostic Results Page 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 142. Receive Diagnostic Results Page 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 143. Translated address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 144. Receive Diagnostic Results Page 80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 145. RELEASE (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 146. RELEASE (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 147. REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 148. REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER parameter list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 149. REPORT LUN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 150. LUN Reporting Parameter List Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 151. REQUEST SENSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 152. RESERVE (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 153. RESERVE (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 154. REZERO UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 155. SEEK (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 156. SEEK (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 157. SEND DIAGNOSTIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Figure 158. SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 159. Diagnostic Page 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 160. Diagnostic Page 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 161. Address to translate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 162. Send Diagnostic Page 80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 163. SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 164. SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER Parameter List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 165. START STOP Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 166. SYNCHRONIZE CACHE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 167. TEST UNIT READY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 168. VERIFY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 169. WRITE (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 170. WRITE (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 171. WRITE AND VERIFY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 172. WRITE BUFFER (3B) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 173. WRITE BUFFER Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 174. WRITE LONG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 175. WRITE SAME (41) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 176. SCSI Status Byte. Format of the SCSI STATUS byte. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 177. Supported Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 178. Synchronous Data Transfer Request. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 179. Initiator Request/Drive Response (LVD mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 180. Initiator Request/Drive Response (SE mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 181. Target Response to Initiator's Transfer Period (LVD mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 182. Drive Response to Initiator's Transfer Period (SE mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 183. Wide Data Transfer Request. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 184. Initiator Request/Target Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 185. Target Request to Initiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 186. Parallel Protocol Request. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 187. Initiator Request/Target Response (DT_REQ = 1, IU_REQ = 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 188. Initiator Request/Target Response (DT_REQ = 1, IU_REQ = 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 189. Initiator Request/Target Response (DT_REQ = 0, IU_REQ = 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 190. Queue Tag Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 191. Ignore Wide Residue Message Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 192. Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Disable Auto Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 193. Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Auto Start Delay/Spinning Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 194. Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Spindle Start Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 195. Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Spindle Stopped by Start Stop Unit
Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 196. Self Configuration Failure Degraded Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 197. Format Command Failure Degraded Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 198. Self-test menu for SEND DIAGNOSTIC command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 199. Format of Sense Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 200. Sense Key / Sense Code / Qualifier combinations (1 of 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 201. Sense Key / Sense Code / Qualifier combinations (2 of 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 202. Sense Key / Sense Code / Qualifier combinations (3 of 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 203. Sense Key / Sense Code / Qualifier combinations (4 of 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 204. Field Pointer Bytes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 205. Actual Retry Count . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 206. Progress Indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 207. Sense Data Byte 18 for Error Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 208. Sense Data Byte 20 for POR Step . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 209. Sense Data Byte 21 for POR Step . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 210. Sense Data Byte 22 POR Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Figure 211. Sense Data Byte 23 for POR Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 212. Sense Data Byte 20 for Read/Write Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 213. Sense Data Byte 21 for Read/Write Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 214. Sense Data Byte 22 for Read/Write Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 215. Sense Data Byte 23 for Read/Write Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 216. Sense Data Byte 21 for SMART Alert Reason Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
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1.0 General
1.1 Introduction
This document describes the specifications of the following IBM 3.5-inch SCSI drives:
! IC35L018UWDY10
(68 pin)
! IC35L018UCDY10
(80 pin)
! IC35L036UWDY10
(68 pin)
! IC35L036UCDY10
(80 pin)
! IC35L073UWDY10
(68 pin)
! IC35L073UCDY10
(80 pin)
! IC35L146UWDY10
(68 pin)
! IC35L146UCDY10
(80 pin)
The specifications in this document are subject to change without notice.
1.2 Glossary
Word
Meaning
Kb
Kilobit
Kbpi
Kilobits per inch
Mb
Megabit
Mbps
Megabits per second
GB
Gigabyte
MB
Megabyte
KB
Kilobyte
TPI
Tracks per inch
MLC
Machine Level Control
PFA
Predictive Failure Analysis (Trademark of IBM Corp.)
S.M.A.R.T.
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology
ADM
Automatic Drive Maintenance
SE
Single Ended SCSI
LVD
Low Voltage Differential SCSI
FC-AL
Fibre Channel - Arbitrated Loop
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
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1.3 General caution
This drive can be damaged by ESD (Electric Static Discharge). Any damages incurred to the drive after
its removal from the shipping package and the ESD protective bag are the responsibility of the user.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
2
2.0 Outline of the drive
! Storage capacities of 146.8 GB, 73.4 GB, 36.7 GB, and 18.3 GB
! Ultra 320 and Ultra 160
! Interleave factor 1:1
! Variable Sector Size (512-528 bytes/sector)
! Tagged Command Queuing support
! Automatic read/write data transfer
! 8 MB segmented sector buffer (from 1 through 256)
! 4.7 ms seek time in read operation
! Adaptive read ahead algorithm
! Write Cache
! Back to back write
! ECC on the fly
! Automatic defect reallocation
! Self diagnostics at power on
! Closed loop actuator servo
! High level of integration of the electronics
! Non head disk contact start stop
! Spindle rotation of 10,000 RPM
! Automatic actuator lock
! PFA (SMART)
! Glass substrate disks
NOTE: PFA (Predictive Failure Analysis) is a trademark of the IBM Corporation
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
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Part 1. Functional specification
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5
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3.0 Fixed disk subsystem description
3.1 Control electronics
The drive is electronically controlled by a microprocessor, logic modules, digital/analogue modules, and
various drivers and receivers. The control electronics perform the following major functions:
! Perform self-checkout (diagnostics).
! Conduct a power-up sequence and calibrate the servo.
! Monitor various timers for head settling, servo failure, etc.
! Analyze servo signals to provide closed loop control. These include position error signal and
estimated velocity.
! Control the voice coil motor driver to align the actuator onto a desired position.
! Monitor the actuator position and determine the target track for a seek operation.
! Constantly monitor error conditions of the servo and take corresponding action if an error occurs.
! Control starting, stopping, and rotating speed of the spindle.
! Control and interpret all interface signals between the host controller and the drive.
! Control read write accessing of the disk media, including defect management and error recovery.
3.2 Head disk assembly
The head disk assembly (HDA) is assembled in a clean room environment and contains disks, a spindle
motor, actuator assembly, and voice coil motor. Air is constantly circulated and filtered when the drive is
operational. Venting of the HDA is accomplished via a breather filter.
The spindle is driven directly by a brushless, sensorless DC drive motor. Dynamic braking is used to stop
the spindle quickly.
3.3 Actuator
The read/write heads are mounted in the actuator. The actuator is a swing-arm assembly driven by a
voice coil motor. A closed-loop positioning servo controls the movement of the actuator. An embedded
servo pattern supplies feedback to the positioning servo to keep the read/write heads centered over the
desired track.
The actuator assembly is balanced to allow vertical or horizontal mounting without adjustment.
When the drive is powered off, the actuator automatically moves the head to aparking position outside of
the disk, where the actuator is locked.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
7
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4.0 Drive characteristics
4.1 Formatted capacity
Description
Label capacity
Number of heads
Number of disks
Total data bytes
(512 bytes/sector)
Total logical data
blocks
IC35L146UWDY10 IC35L073UWDY10
IC35L146UCDY10 IC35L073UCDY10
146.8 GB
12
6
146,815,800,320
286,749,610
(111773AAh)
73.4 GB
6
3
IC35L036UWDY10
IC35L036UCDY10
36.7 GB
3
2
18.35 GB
2
1
73,407,900,160
36,703,918,080
18,351,959,040
143,374,805
(88BB9D5h
71,687,340
(445DCACh)
35,843,670
(222EE56h)
Figure 1. Formatted capacity
4.2 Data sheet
Buffer to/from media [Mb/sec]
Host to/from buffer (interface transfer rate)
[MB/sec]
Data buffer size
Number of buffer segments
Rotational speed [RPM]
Recording density [Kbpi] (Max)
Track density [TPI] (average)
Areal density [Mb/sq.in.]
Data zone
IC35L018UWDY10
IC35L018UCDY10
433 - 825 Mbps
320
8192 KB
1 - 256
10,000
548
47.9
26,263
15
Figure 2. Data sheet
NOTE: KB = 1,024 bytes
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
9
4.3 Inquiry Information
4.3.1 Product ID
Product ID in Section 8.5.1, "Inquiry data format - CmdDt = 0 EVPD = 0" on page 57 is as follows.
Product ID
IC35L018UWDY10-0
IC35L018UCDY10-0
IC35L036UWDY10-0
IC35L036UCDY10-0
IC35L073UWDY10-0
IC35L073UCDY10-0
IC35L146UWDY10-0
IC35L146UCDY10-0
Description
18.3 GB, 68 pin
18.3 GB, 80 pin
36.7 GB, 68 pin
36.7 GB, 80 pin
73.4 GB, 68 pin
73.4 GB, 80 pin
146.8 GB, 68 pin
146.8 GB, 80 pin
Figure 3. Product ID in Inquiry Command
4.3.2 World Wide ID - Block assignment
Block assignment of World Wide ID in 8.5.1.5 on Page 63 is as follows.
Manufacturing site
SFV, Hungary
Singapore
Product
IC35L018UWDY10-0
IC35L018UCDY10-0
IC35L036UWDY10-0
IC35L036UCDY10-0
IC35L073UWDY10-0
IC35L073UCDY10-0
IC35L146UWDY10-0
IC35L146UCDY10-0
IC35L018UWDY10-0
IC35L018UCDY10-0
IC35L036UWDY10-0
IC35L036UCDY10-0
IC35L073UWDY10-0
IC35L073UCDY10-0
IC35L146UWDY10-0
IC35L146UCDY10-0
Block assignment
212h, 213h
214h, 215h
216h, 217h
218h, 219h, 21Ah
716h, 717h
718h, 719h
71Ch, 71Dh
71Eh, 71Fh, 720h
Figure 4. Block assignment of World Wide ID in INQUIRY Command
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
10
4.4 Cylinder allocation
Zone
Data Zone 0
Data Zone 1
Data Zone 2
Data Zone 3
Data Zone 4
Data Zone 5
Data Zone 6
Data Zone 7
Data Zone 8
Data Zone 9
Data Zone 10
Data Zone 11
Data Zone 12
Data Zone 13
Data Zone 14
Physical Cylinders
0 - 383
384 - 3967
3968 - 5631
5632 - 6527
6528 - 8703
8704 - 15359
15360 - 18047
18048 - 19199
19200 - 21503
21504 - 24959
24960 - 27775
27776 - 29183
29184 - 30719
30720 - 35199
35200 - 36735
Sectors/Track
864
840
800
780
768
720
672
660
640
600
560
540
520
480
440
Figure 5. Cylinder allocation
NOTE: Mode Page 3 (Format Device Parameters) on page 94 and Mode Page 0C (Notch Parameters) on
page 102 provide methods to determine medium format and zone parameters.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
11
4.5 Performance characteristics
The performance of a drive is characterized by the following parameters:
! Command overhead
! Mechanical head positioning
- Seek time
- Latency
! Data transfer speed
! Buffering operation (read ahead/write cache)
NOTE: All the above parameters contribute to drive performance. There are other parameters that contribute to the performance of the actual system. This specification tries to define the bare drive characteristics, not the system throughput, which depends on the system and the application.
4.5.1 Command overhead
Command overhead is defined as the time required:
! from last byte of command phase
! to the first byte of data phase
! excluding
- Physical seek time
- Latency time
- Initiator delay with reconnections
Read Command Case (Drive is in quiescent state)
Cache Not Hit
Cache Hit
Time
<400 µs
<30 µs
Figure 6. Command overhead
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
12
4.5.2 Mechanical positioning
4.5.2.1 Average seek time (including settling)
Command Type
146 GB model
all other models
146 GB model
all other models
Read
Write
Typical (ms)
4.7
4.7
5.9
5.3
Max (ms)
5.9
5.7
6.9
6.9
Figure 7. Mechanical positioning performance
“Typical” and “Max” are given throughout the performance specification by:
Typical
Average of the drive population tested at nominal environmental and voltage conditions.
Max
Maximum value measured on any one drive over the full range of the environmental and
voltage conditions. (See Section 7.3, "Environment" on page 30 and Section 7.5,
"DC power requirements" on page 32 for ranges.)
The seek time is measured from the start of the actuator's motion to the start of a reliable read or write
operation. “Reliable read or write” implies that error correction or recovery is not used to correct arrival
problems. The average seek time is measured as the weighted average of all possible seek combinations.
max
Sum (max+1-n) (Tn.in+Tn.out)
n=1
Weighted average =
(max+1) (max)
Where
max = Maximum seek length
n = Seek length (1 to max)
Tn.in = Inward measured seek time for an n track seek
Tn.out = Outward measured seek time for an n track seek
4.5.2.2 Full stroke seek time
Function
Read
Write
Typical (ms)
10.5
11.5
Maximum (ms)
11.5
12.5
Figure 8. Full stroke seek time
Full stroke seek is measured as the average of 1000 full stroke seeks with a random head switch from
both directions (inward and outward).
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
13
4.5.2.3 Cylinder switch time (cylinder skew)
Typical (ms)
0.70
Cylinder skew
Figure 9. Cylinder Skew
A cylinder switch time is defined as the amount of time required by the fixed disk to access the next
sequential block after reading the last sector in the current cylinder.
4.5.2.4 Head switch time (head skew)
Typical (ms)
0.63
Head skew
Figure 10. Head skew
A head switch time is defined as the amount of time required by the fixed disk to access the next
sequential block after reading the last sector in the current track.
4.5.2.5 Average latency
Rotation
10,000 RPM
Time for a revolution
(ms)
6.0
Average Latency
(ms)
3.0
Figure 11. Latency time
4.5.3 Drive ready time
Model
146-GB Model
73-GB Model
36-GB Model
18-GB Model
Typical (sec)
18.0
15.0
12.0
11.0
Maximum (sec)
29.9
29.9
29.9
29.9
Typical (sec)
20
14
14
14
Maximum (sec)
30
30
30
30
Figure 12. Drive ready time
4.5.4 Spindle stop time
Model
146-GB Model
73-GB Model
36-GB Model
18-GB Model
Figure 13. Spindle stop time
The period from power off to complete stop of spindle is categorized as operating, and Operating Shock
criteria are applied until complete stop of spindle. Refer to Section 7.8.3, "Operating Shock" on page 42.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
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4.5.5 Data transfer speed
Description
Disk-Buffer Transfer (Zone 0)
Instantaneous
Typical (Mbyte/s)
Sustained
Disk-Buffer Transfer (Zone 16)
Instantaneous
Sustained
All models
146-GB Model
73-GB Model
36-GB Model
18-GB Model
73.7
66.7
66.6
66.4
66.2
All models
146-GB Model
73-GB Model
36-GB Model
18-GB Model
37.5
33.9
33.9
33.8
45.9
Buffer-Host
68/80pin Ultra 320
320
Figure 14. Data transfer speed (sector size 512 bytes case)
! Instantaneous disk-buffer transfer rate is derived by
(Number of sectors on a track)*512*(revolution/sec)
NOTE: The number of sectors per track varies because of the linear density recording.
! Sustained disk-buffer transfer rate is defined by considering head/cylinder change time. This gives a
local average data transfer rate. It is derived by
(Sustained Transfer Rate) = A/(B +C)
A = (Number of data sectors per cylinder) * 512
B = Average track change time
C = (# of Surface) * (One revolution time)
! Buffer-host transfer rate defines the maximum data transfer rate on SCSI Bus. It also depends on the
speed of the host.
4.5.6 Buffering operation (read ahead/write cache)
This hard disk drive has a buffer for read ahead and write caching. For details, refer to the SCSI interface
specification.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
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4.5.7 Throughput
4.5.7.1 Simple sequential access
Operation
Sequential read/write
Typical (ms)
Zone 0 <260
Zone 14 <510
Max (ms)
Zone 0 <290
Zone 11 <560
Figure 15. Simple sequential access performance (sector size 512 byte case)
The above table gives the time required to read/write for a total of 8000x consecutive blocks
(16,777,216 bytes) accessed by 128 read/write commands. Typical and Max values are given by 100%
and 110% of T respectively throughput the following performance description.
NOTE: It is asumed that a host system responds instantaneously.
T = A + B + C + 16,777,216/D
where
T = Calculated Time
A = Command Overhead (Cache No Hit)
B = Average Seek Time
C = Average Latency
D = Sustained Disk-Buffer Transfer Rate
4.5.7.2 Random access
Operation
Random read
Random write
Typical (sec)
34
38
Maximum (sec)
37
41
Figure 16. Random access performance (sector size 512 bytes case)
The above table gives the time required to execute a total of 1000x read/write commands which access a
random LBA.
T = (A + B + C) * 4096
Where
T = Calculated Time
A = Command Overhead (Cache No Hit)
B = Average Seek Time
C = Average Latency
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
16
5.0 Data integrity
The drive retains recorded information under all non-write operations.
No more than one sector will be lost by power down during write operation while write cache is disabled.
If power down occurs before completion of data transfer from write cache to disk while write cache is
enabled, the data remaining in write cache will be lost. To prevent this data loss at power off, the following
action is recommended:
! Confirm successful completion of SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (35h) command.
5.1 Equipment status
Equipment status is available to the host system any time the drive is not ready to read, write, or seek.
This status normally exists at power-on time and will be maintained until the following conditions are
satisfied:
! Access recalibration/tuning is complete.
! Spindle speed meets requirements for reliable operations.
! Self-check of drive is complete.
Appropriate error status is made available to the host system if any of the following condition occurs after
the drive has become ready:
! Spindle speed goes outside of requirements for reliable operation.
! “Write fault” is detected.
5.2 Error recovery procedure
Errors occurring with the drive are handled by the error recovery procedure.
Errors that are uncorrectable after application of the error recovery procedures are reported to the host
system as non-recoverable errors.
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17
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6.0 Physical format
Media defects are remapped to the next available sector during the Format Process in manufacturing. The
mapping from LBA to the physical locations is calculated by an internally maintained table.
6.1 Shipped format (P-List)
! Data areas are optimally used
! No extra sector is wasted as a spare throughout user data areas
! All pushes generated by defects are absorbed by spare tracks of the inner zone
Figure 17. P-List physical format
NOTE: Defects are skipped without any constraint, such as track or cylinder boundary. The calculation
from LBA to physical is done automatically by internal table.
6.2 Reassigned format (G-List)
! G-List is prepared for 1078 LBAs
! Multiple reassignment of the same LBA does not increase G-List entry
! A cylinder for spare sectors is prepared every 512 physical cylinders
NOTE: G-List entries are part of the normal maintenance work of hard disk drives. G-List entries are
possible during early drive usage and are caused mainly by handling.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
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7.0 Specification
7.1 Electrical interface specification
7.1.1 Power connector
The power connector of 68-pin models complies with the SFF-8009 Rev. 4.2. Power pin assignment of
68-pin models is as shown below.
4
3
2
1
Pin
1
2
3
4
Voltage
+12 V
GND
GND
+5V
Figure 18. Power connector pin assignments
Eighty-pin SCA-2 models use a DDK connector (PN HD2-PA080-A14B) or equivalent, which is compatible
with the Specification of “Single Attachment for Small SCSI Disk Drives” SPI-3 document, Annex C.
Power pin assignment of the 80-pin (SCA-2) model is shown in Section 7.1.2.1 on page 22.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
21
7.1.2 SCSI bus connector
The Ultrastar 146Z10 has 68-pin models and 80-pin SCA-2 models.
7.1.2.1 SCSI signal connector (68-pin model)
The pin assignments of the interface signals conform to SPI-4 as shown in the table below.
Connector contact
number
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
Signal name
+DB(12)
+DB(13)
+DB(14)
+DB(15)
+DB(P1)
+DB(0)
+DB(1)
+DB(2)
+DB(3)
+DB(4)
+DB(5)
+DB(6)
+DB(7)
+P_CRCA
Ground
DIFFSENS(*2)
TERMPWR(*1)
TERMPWR(*1)
Reserved
Ground
+ATN
Ground
+BSY
+ACK
+RST
+MSG
+SEL
+C/D
+REQ
+I/O
+DB(8)
+DB(9)
+DB(10)
+DB(11)
Connector contact
number
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
Figure 19. Table of signals
NOTES: *1 TERMPWR can be disabled.
*2 HVD is not supported.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
22
Signal name
-DB(12)
-DB(13)
-DB(14)
-DB(15)
-DB(P1)
-DB(0)
-DB(1)
-DB(2)
-DB(3)
-DB(4)
-DB(5)
-DB(6)
-DB(7)
-P_CRCA
Ground
Ground
TERMPWR(*1)
TERMPWR(*1)
Reserved
Ground
-ATN
Ground
-BSY
-ACK
-RST
-MSG
-SEL
-C/D
-REQ
-I/O
-DB(8)
-DB(9)
-DB(10)
-DB(11)
7.1.2.2 SCSI signal connector (80 pin SCA-2 model)
The 80-pin SCA-2 model uses a DDK connector which is compatible with SPI-4.
Connector contact
number
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Signal name
12 Volt Charge
12 Volt
12 Volt
12 Volt
Opt 3.3 V/NC
Opt 3.3 V/NC
-DB(11)
-DB(10)
-DB(9)
-DB(8)
-I/O
-REQ
-C/D
-SEL
-MSG
-RST
-ACK
-BSY
-ATN
-P_CRCA
-DB(7)
-DB(6)
-DB(5)
-DB(4)
-DB(3)
-DB(2)
-DB(1)
-DB(0)
-DB(P1)
-DB(15)
-DB(14)
-DB(13)
-DB(12)
5 Volt
5 Volt
5 Volt Charge
Spindle Sync/NC
RMT START
SCSI ID (0)
SCSI ID (2)
Connector contact
number
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
Signal name
12V Ground
12V Ground
12V Ground
MATED 1
Opt 3.3 V charge/NC
DIFFSENS(*1)
+DB(11)
+DB(10)
+DB(9)
+DB(8)
+I/O
+REQ
+C/D
+SEL
+MSG
+RST
+ACK
+BSY
+ATN
+P_CRCA
+DB(7)
+DB(6)
+DB(5)
+DB(4)
+DB(3)
+DB(2)
+DB(1)
-DB(0)
+DB(P1)
+DB(15)
+DB(14)
+DB(13)
+DB(12)
MATED 2
5V Ground
5V Ground
ACTIVE LED OUT
DELAYED START
SCSI ID (1)
SCSI ID (3)
Figure 20. Table of signals
NOTE*1: HVD is not supported.
NOTE: SCA-2 connector is not mechanically compatible with the 68 pin “P” connector as defined in the
ANSI SCSI standard. The connector is intended for direct back plane attachment and is not intended to
be cable attached to the bus.
Eight-bit devices which connect to the SCA-2 connector should have the following signals inactive (high):
-DB(8), -DB(9), -DB(10), -DB(11), -DB(12), -DB(13), -DB(14), -DB(15), -DB(P1). All other signals shall be
connected as defined.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
23
7.1.3 SCSI cable
Refer to ANSI SPI-4.
7.1.4 SCSI bus terminator
Onboard SCSI active termination feature is not supported. The using system is responsible for making
sure that all required signals are terminated at both ends of the bus cable.
Terminator power
Termination power can be provided by the drive 5V supply through the current limiter and Schottky diode.
This function can be selected by jumper.
The 80-pin SCA-2 models do not support SCSI bus termination power.
7.1.5 Hot plug/unplug
The term 'Hot Plug' refers to the action of mechanically engaging a device to the power and/or bus when
other devices may be active on the same bus. A comprehensive classification of the state of the SCSI bus
during this event is located in the SCSI-3 Parallel Interface Standard.
While every effort was made to design the drive not to influence the SCSI bus during these events, it is the
responsibility of the system to insure voltage regulation and conformance to operational and nonoperational shock limits. During Hot Plug events the non-operational shock levels should not be exceeded. The operational shock levels of adjacent drives should also not be exceeded. The recommended
procedure is to prohibit write operations to adjacent drives during Hot Plug and Hot Unplug actions.
During Hot Unplug the operational shock limit specifications should not be exceeded. If this cannot be
guaranteed, the drive should be issued a SCSI Stop Unit command that is allowed to complete before
unplugging. The basic requirement is that while the drive is operational or spinning down the operational
shock limits are in effect. When the drive has completely stopped, the non-operational shock limits are in
effect. The recommended procedure is to allow the unplugged drive to rest in the drive bay for a minimum
of 15 seconds and then complete the removal. During Hot Plug or Unplug events the power supply ripple
on adjacent operational drives should not be outside the ±5 % regulation tolerance. It is recommended
that the system have current limiter for in-rush current as described in ANSI SPI-4.
Hot plugging/unplugging the 68-pin model drive to the power supply or to SCSI bus connector is not
allowed since provisions are not available to determine which electrical contact is made first. It may cause
glitches on the system SCSI bus and/or electrical over stress that may result in permanent damage of
electrical components of the drive. It is the responsibility of the system to protect the drive from these
situations when the 68-pin model is connected to the power supply or to SCSI bus.
7.1.6 SCSI bus electrical characteristics
Refer to ANSI SPI-4 for bus electrical characteristics.
NOTE: If the drive is connected to an HVD bus, the drive I/O will be permanently damaged.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
24
7.1.7 Auxiliary connector on 68-pin model
In addition to the Option Jumper Block the 68-pin models have an Auxiliary Connector between the power
connector and the 68-pin SCSI connector. The settings at the Option Jumper Block and the Auxiliary
Connector work as a logical OR. The drive conforms SFF-8009, Rev 4.2.
! Pin #1,3,5,7 specify SCSI-ID as -DAS0, 1 ,2, 3. Tie-down to the ground is to assert
! Pin #2,4,6,12 are reserved and should be open
! Pin #8 is for external LED cathode
34
1
68
35
Bit 3
Bit 2
NC
Bit 1
+5V
SCSI ID
Bit 0
11
9
7
5
3
1
12 10
8
6
4
2
(Reserved)
(Reserved)
Ground
LED cathode
(Reserved)
(Reserved)
Figure 21. Auxiliary connector
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
25
7.2 Option jumper block
Two jumper blocks, J4 and J6, are located on the card of 68- and 80-pin models as shown in the figure
below.
J4 has 14 positions numbered #1 - #14 and controls Terminator Power supply.
As described in Section 7.1.7, "Auxiliary connector on 68-pin model" on page 25, some of the jumper pins
on J4 of the 68-pin models can also be controlled through the Auxiliary Connector. These controls work
as logical OR between the Option Jumper Block and the Auxiliary Connector.
As described in Section 7.1.2.2, "SCSI signal connector (80-pin SCA-2 model)" on page 23 some of the
jumper pins on J4 of the 80-pin models can also be controlled through the 80 pin SCA-2 connector. These
controls work as a logical OR between the Option Jumper Block the SCA-2 connector.
J6 has 14 positions numbered #1 - #14.
+5V +5V
Connected to 5V via Polyswitch for 68-pin and
NC for 80-pin models.
Resistor
(150 ohms)
J4
To
transistor
collector
ID bit 3
ID bit 2
ID bit 1
ID bit 0
Force SE mode
Term power (SCSI I/F for 68-pin models
NC for 80-pin models)
To LED pin 8 Aux connector (68-pin models)
To LED out pin 77 (80-pin models)
J6
Reserved
Disable unit attention
TI sync negotiation
Disable parity
Delay start 6/12
Auto start delay
Enable auto spin (68-pin models)
Disable auto spin (80-pin models)
Resistor
68-pin = 150 Ohm
80-pin = 0 Ohm
Figure 22. Jumper pins
Note: J4 pin 3 is connected to 5V via Polyswitch for 68 pin and NC for 80 pin models.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
26
7.2.1 Jumper signal description on J6
7.2.1.1 Position #1-2
! Enable Auto Spin Up (68-pin model)
If a jumper is installed, the drive will spin up automatically after power on reset. If a jumper is not
installed, the drive will not spin up unless a START UNIT command is received.
! Disable Auto Spin Up (80-pin model)
If a jumper is not installed, the drive will spin up automatically after power on reset. If a jumper is
installed, the drive will not spin up unless a START UNIT command is received.
7.2.1.2 Position #3-4 and #5-6: Auto Start Delay & Delay Start 6/12
These pins control when and how the drive spins up with the combination of Position #1-2 on J6. When
both Auto Spin up and Auto Start Delay are enabled, the drive start will be delayed by a period of time
multiplied by its own SCSI address. If Auto Spin up is disabled, these jumpers will be ignored. Placing a
jumper on delay start 6/12 results in a start up delay of 12 seconds times the SCSI ID.
Note: In the table below, 'on' means a jumper is installed and 'off' means that a jumper is not installed.
Model
Auto Start Delay
68 pin
68 pin
68 pin
68 pin
68 pin
68 pin
68 pin
68 pin
80 pin
80 pin
80 pin
80 pin
80 pin
80 pin
80 pin
80 pin
off
off
on
on
off
off
on
on
off
off
on
on
off
off
on
on
Auto Spin
Up
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
on
Delay
Start 6/12
off
off
off
off
on
on
on
on
off
off
off
off
on
on
on
on
Auto Start
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
Delay
Multiplier
0
6
0
12
0
6
0
12
-
Figure 23. Auto Start Delay & Delay Start 6/12 drive b ehavior
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
27
7.2.1.3 Position #7-8: Disable SCSI Parity Check
Installing a jumper disables SCSI Parity checking.
7.2.1.4 Position #9-10: Enable TI-SDTR
Installing a jumper enables Target Initiated Synchronous Data Transfer Request (SDTR) and Wide Data
Transfer Request (WDTR) negotiation. If this jumper is not installed, SSM (Synchronous select Mode) bit
in Mode Page 0 controls Target Initiated SDTR and WDTR negotiation. If this jumper is installed, SSM bit
is ignored.
7.2.1.5 Position #11-12: Disable Unit Attention
Installing a jumper enables control of UAI (Unit Attention Inhibit) bit in Mode Page 0.
7.2.1.6 Position #13-14
Reserved.
7.2.2 Jumper signal description on J4
7.2.2.1 Position #1-2: LED pins
The LED pins are used to drive an external Light Emitting Diode. Up to 30 mA of sink current capability
is provided. The LED Anode must be tied to the current limited + 5 V source provided on the pin for LED
Anode at the Location #1 on J4 jumper block. The LED Cathode is then connected to the pin for LED
Cathode at the Location #2 on J4 jumper block to complete the circuit.
68pin
80pin
+5V
+5V
+5V
150 Ohms
Positions #1,#2 on
J-4 Jumper Block
(pin 1 of J-4) to LED Anode
(pin2 of J-4) to LED Cathode
150 Ohms
620 Ohms
(on board) LED
(pin2 of J-4) to LED Cathode
pin 8 of AUX connector
150 Ohms
Positions #1,#2 on
J-4 Jumper Block
(pin 1 of J-4) to LED Anode
pin 77 of 80pin connector
0 Ohms
Figure 24. LED circuit
7.2.2.2 Position #3-4 on J4: Term Power
Not connected for 80-pin models. If a jumper is installed on 68-pin models, termination power is supplied
to pins 17, 18, 51, and 52 of the 68-pin SCSI interface.
7.2.2.3 Position #5-6 on J4: Force SE mode
If a jumper is installed, the drive functions as a single-ended mode drive.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
28
7.2.2.4 Position #7-8 to #13-14: Device ID
These four lines (-DAS0, -DAS1, -DAS2, -DAS3) define device ID on the SCSI BUS. -DAS0 is the least
significant bit and -DAS3 is the most significant bit. Device ID is defined in the table below.
In the table 'on' means a jumper is installed and 'off' means that no jumper is installed.
-DAS3
(1)
-DAS2
(2)
-DAS1
(3)
-DAS0
(4)
Device ID
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
on
on
on
on
on
on
on
on
off
off
off
off
on
on
on
on
off
off
off
off
on
on
on
on
off
off
on
on
off
off
on
on
off
off
on
on
off
off
on
on
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
on
0 - shipping default of 80 pin
1
2
3
4
5
6 - shipping default of 68 pin
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Figure 25. SCSI device ID
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
29
7.3 Environment
Operating conditions
Temperature
Relative Humidity
Maximum Wet Bulb Temperature
Maximum Temperature Gradient
Altitude
Non-operating conditions
Temperature
Relative Humidity
Maximum Wet Bulb Temperature
Maximum Temperature Gradient
Altitude
5 to 55°C (See note)
8 to 90%, non-condensing
29.4°C, non-condensing
15°C/Hour
–300 to 3048 m
–40 to 65°C
5 to 95%, non-condensing
35°C, non-condensing
15°C/Hour
–300 to 12,000 m
Figure 26. Operating and non-operating conditions
NOTE: The system must provide sufficient ventilation to maintain a surface temperature not to exceed
60 °C at the center of the drive top cover. Non-condensing conditions should be maintained at all times.
Maximum storage period within shipping package is one year.
100
90
36'C/95%
80
31'C/90%
Wet Bulb 35C
Relative Humidity (%)
70
Wet Bulb 29.4C
60
50
Shipping/Storage
Operating
40
30
20
65'C/14%
55'C/15%
10
0
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Temperature (C)
Figure 27. Temperature and relative humidity
7.3.1 Corrosion test
The hard disk drive shows no signs of corrosion inside or outside of the hard disk assembly and remains
functional after being exposed to a temperature of 50°C and relative humidity of 90% for seven days.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
30
7.4 Cooling requirements
Drive component temperatures must remain within the limits specified in the following table. Maximum
component temperature ratings must not be exceeded under any operating condition. The drive may require forced air cooling to meet specified operating temperatures.
Module name
Location
MPU + HDC integration module
DRAM
VCM + Spindle Driver
Channel module
1
2
3
4
Maximum allowable surface
temperature
95°C
95°C
95°C
95°C
Figure 28. Maximum allowable module surface temperature
Figure 29. Module location
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
31
7.5 DC power requirements
The following voltage specification applies at the drive power connector. Connections to the drive should
be made in a safety extra low voltage (SELV) circuit. There is no special power on/off sequencing
required.
Adequate secondary over-current protection is the responsibility of the system. A limit of 10 A is required
for safety purposes.
7.5.1 Input voltage
+5 volts supply
+12 volts supply
During run and
spin up
5 V ± 5%
12 V ± 5% *
Absolute max
spike voltage
5.5 V
15 V
Supply rise time
0-200 ms
0-400 ms
Figure 30. Input voltage
* NOTE: –8% is acceptable during spin up, but the spin up time is not guaranteed.
CAUTION: To avoid damage to the drive electronics, power supply voltage spikes must not exceed
5.5 V.
7.5.2 Power supply current
Note: Seek power is at 50 IOPS and R/W power is at 30 IOPS with 4 KB R/W.
146-GB models
(All values in Amps.)
Idle Average
Idle ripple (peak-to-peak)
Seek average
Seek peak
Start up (max)
Random R/W peak
Random R/W average
+5 Volts
Pop Mean
0.50
0.22
0.55
0.91
1.07
1.40
0.66
+5 Volts
Std. Dev
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.05
0.03
0.10
0.02
+12 Volts
Pop Mean
0.64
0.42
1.10
2.40
2.40
2.40
0.97
+12 Volts
Std. Dev
0.03
0.10
0.03
0.10
0.13
0.10
0.03
+5 Volts
Std. Dev
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.05
0.03
0.10
0.02
+12 Volts
Pop Mean
0.43
0.40
0.92
2.23
2.23
2.23
0.79
+12 Volts
Std. Dev
0.03
0.10
0.03
0.10
0.13
0.10
0.03
Total (W)
10.2
n/a
16.0
n/a
n/a
n/a
14.9
Figure 31. Power supply current of 146-GB models
73-GB models
(All values in Amps.)
Idle Average
Idle ripple (peak-to-peak)
Seek average
Seek peak
Start up (max)
Random R/W peak
Random R/W average
+5 Volts
Pop Mean
0.50
0.22
0.55
0.91
1.07
1.40
0.66
Figure 32. Power supply current of 73-GB models
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
32
Total (W)
7.7
n/a
13.8
n/a
n/a
n/a
12.8
36-GB models
(All values in Amps.)
Idle Average
Idle ripple (peak-to-peak)
Seek average
Seek peak
Start up (max)
Random R/W peak
Random R/W average
+5 Volts
Pop Mean
0.50
0.22
0.55
0.91
1.07
1.40
0.66
+5 Volts
Std. Dev
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.05
0.03
0.10
0.02
+12 Volts
Pop Mean
0.37
0.40
0.86
2.12
2.12
2.12
0.73
+12 Volts
Std. Dev
0.03
0.10
0.03
0.10
0.13
0.10
0.03
+5 Volts
Std. Dev
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.05
0.03
0.10
0.02
+12 Volts
Pop Mean
0.28
0.40
0.77
1.96
1.98
1.98
0.64
+12 Volts
Std. Dev
0.03
0.10
0.03
0.10
0.13
0.10
0.03
Total (W)
7.0
n/a
13.1
n/a
n/a
n/a
12.1
Figure 32. Power supply current of 36-GB models
18-GB models
(All values in Amps.)
Idle Average
Idle ripple (peak-to-peak)
Seek average
Seek peak
Start up (max)
Random R/W peak
Random R/W average
+5 Volts
Pop Mean
0.50
0.22
0.55
0.91
1.07
1.40
0.66
Total (W)
5.9
n/a
12.0
n/a
n/a
n/a
11.1
Figure 33. Power supply current of 18-GB models
7.5.3 Ripple voltage
+5V DC
+12V DC
Maximum (mV pp)
250
250
MHz
0-10
0-10
Figure 34. Power supply generated ripple at drive power connector
During drive start up and seeking 12-volt ripple is generated by the drive (referred to as dynamic loading).
If the power of several drives is daisy-chained, the power supply ripple plus other drive dynamic loading
must remain within the regulation tolerance of ±5%. A common supply with separate power leads to each
drive is a more desirable method of power distribution.
To prevent external electrical noise from interfering with the drive's performance, the drive must be held by
four screws in a user system frame which has no electrical level difference at the four screws position, and
has less than ±300 milivolts peak to peak level difference to the drive power connector ground.
7.5.4 Power consumption efficiency index
Power consumption efficiency
index- idle mode (W/GB)
146-GB Model
73-GB Model
36-GB Model
18-GB Model
0.07
0.11
0.19
0.33
Figure 35. Power consumption efficiency index
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
33
7.6 Reliability
7.6.1 Start/stop cycles
The drive is designed to withstand a minimum of 50,000 start/stop cycles at ambient environment.
The drive is designed to withstand a minimum of 10,000 start/stop cycles at operating environment
conditions specified on page 30.
7.6.2 Data reliability
The probability of uncorrectable data error rate is 10 in 1x1016 bits read.
The following ECC on the fly correction is implemented:
! 1 Symbol : 8 bits
! 3 Interleave
! 15 Symbols, 5 symbols per each interleave, for on the fly correction. This implementation always
recovers 5 random burst errors and a 113 bit continuous burst error.
7.6.3 Seek/ID miscompare errors
A non-recoverable seek/ID miscompare error is defined as a seek operation that cannot be recovered by
the error recovery procedure of the drive. The drive reports sense key 04 and sense code 02 for this
error.
No drive has more than one non-recoverable seek/ID miscompare error per 100 million seek operations
(1 in 1x108) when operated at the full range of voltage and environmental conditions.
7.6.4 Equipment errors
A recoverable equipment error is any error other than a seek/ID mis-compare error or read error that is
detected and corrected by the drive error recovery procedure. Examples are Write Fault, Drive Not Ready
and internal drive errors.
No drive has more than one recoverable equipment error per 108 read, 108 write or 10 6 seek operations
when operated at the full range of voltage and environmental conditions.
Non-recoverable equipment errors indicate a defective drive.
7.6.5 Failure prediction (PFA/S.M.A.R.T.)
The drive supports Informational Exceptions Control Page (1C) defined in the SCSI-3 Parallel Interface
Standard. The function enables the drive to report sense codes of FAILURE PREDICTION THRESHOLD
EXCEEDED to the host system. The Mode page 1C specifies enable/disable, reporting method, and
report count.
If the drive exceeds the failure prediction threshold, the drive returns Check Condition on any command.
Per the specified reporting method in Mode Page 1C, 0/5D/00, 1/5D/00, or 6/5D/00 as sense key/code/
qualifier is then sent to the host as a response of Request Sense command.
As the default the function is enabled but no reporting of informational exception condition is made.
The details are described in Section 8.8.13, "Mode Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control)" on
page 111.
7.6.6 Preventive maintenance
None.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
34
7.6.7 Temperature Warning
Temperature Warning is enabled by setting EWASC (Enable Warning Additional Sense Code) bit to 1 and
setting DEXCPT (Disable Exception Control) bit to 0 in Mode Page 1C. For the mode page setting refer to
Section 8.8.13, "Mode Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control)" on page 111. The warning is issued
as sense data (Sense Key 01h, Code 0Bh, Qual 01h).
The drive temperature can be detected by Log Sense Page 2F. Refer to Section 8.7.11 on page 79.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
35
7.7 Mechanical specifications
7.7.1 Outline
7.7.1.1 68-pin model
Figure 36. Outline of the 68-pin model
7.7.1.2 80-pin model
Figure 37. Outline of the 80-pin model
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
36
7.7.2 Mechanical dimensions
The drive complies with SFF-8301 with the exception of tolerance of width which is ±0.4 mm rather than
±0.25 mm.
Height [mm]
Width [mm]
Length [mm]
Weight [grams - maximum]
25.4 ± 0.4
101.6 ± 0.4
146.0 ± 0.6
780
Figure 39. Physical dimensions
101.6 +/- 0.4
BREATHER
HOLE (*)
LEFT
FRONT
146 +/- 0.6
25.4 +/- 0.4
* DO NOT BLOCK THE
BREATHER HOLE
Figure 40. Mechanical dimensions
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
37
7.7.3 Interface connector
7.7.3.1 68-pin model
51.3 ± 0.5
2.54 ± 0.1
1.27 ± 0.1 TYP
2 ± 0 .1 T Y P
Pin 1
Pin 68
4.5 ± 0.5
10.4 ± 0.5
32.5 ± 0.5 5.08 ± 0.1
2 ± 0.1 TYP
Figure 40. Interface connector for 68-pin models
7.7.3.2 80-pin model
Pin 41
4.6 ± 0.7
Pin 1
Figure 41. Interface connector for 80-pin models
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
38
7.7.4 Mounting positions and tappings
(2X)
41.28 +/- 0.5
(2X)
44.45 +/- 0.2
(4X)
6-32 UNC 2
(2X) 28.5 +/- 0.5
(2X)
41.6 +/- 0.2
(2X)
60 +/- 0.2
(6X) 6-32 UNC 1
(6X) 6.35 +/- 0.2
RIGHT
(2X) 95.25 +/- 0.2
REAR
RECOMMENDED TORQUE
0.6 - 1.0 Nm
1
MAX ALLOWABLE PENETRATION OF NOTED SCREW TO BE 4.5 mm .
2
MAX ALLOWABLE PENETRATION OF NOTED SCREW TO BE 4.0 mm .
SCREW 6-32 UNC
THICKNESS OF BRACKET
1
2
Figure 42. Mounting positions and tappings
Drive mounting
The drive will operate in all axes (six directions). Performance and error rate will stay within specification
limits if the drive is operated in the other orientations from which it was formatted.
The recommended mounting screw torque is 0.6 – 1.0 Nm (6 – 10 Kgf.cm). The recommended mounting
screw depth is 4 mm maximum for bottom and 4.5 mm maximum for horizontal mounting.
To avoid performance degradation, mount the drive in the system securely enough to prevent excessive
motion or vibration of the drive at seek operation or spindle rotation, using appropriate screws or
equivalent mounting hardwares. Consult with the issuer of this specification for actual application if necessary.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
39
Drive level vibration test and shock test are to be conducted with the drive mounted to the table using the
bottom four screws.
7.7.5 Heads unload and actuator lock
Heads are moved out from disks (unload) to protect the disk data during shipping, moving or storage. At
power down, the heads are automatically unloaded from the disk area and the head actuator locking
mechanism will secure the heads in the unload position.
7.7.6 Breather hole
The breather hole must be kept clear and unobstructed at all times. Do not cover the breather hole.
Breather Hole
Figure 43. Breather hole location
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
40
7.8 Vibration and shock
All vibration and shock measurements in this section are made with a drive that has no mounting attachments for the systems. The input power for the measurements is applied to the normal drive mounting
points.
7.8.1 Operating vibration
7.8.1.1 Random vibration
The drive is designed to operate without unrecoverable errors while being subjected to the following
vibration levels.
The measurements are carried out during 30 minutes of random vibration using the power spectral density
(PSD) levels as following.
Random vibration PSD profile breakpoints (operating)
Direction
Horizontal
x103 [G2/Hz]
Vertical
x103 [G2/Hz]
5 Hz
17 Hz
45 Hz
48 Hz
62 Hz
65 Hz
150 Hz
200 Hz
500 Hz
RMS
(G)
0.02
1.1
1.1
8.0
8.0
1.0
1.0
0.5
0.5
0.67
0.02
1.1
1.1
8.0
8.0
1.0
1.0
0.08
0.08
0.56
Figure 44. Random vibration PSD profile breakpoints (operating)
Overall RMS (root mean square) level of horizontal vibration is 0.67 G RMS.
Overall RMS (root mean square) level of vertical vibration is 0.56 G RMS.
NOTE: The specified levels are measured at the mounting points.
7.8.1.2 Swept sine vibration
The hard disk drive will meet the criteria shown below while operating in respective conditions.
No errors
No data loss
0.5 G 0-peak, 5-300-5 Hz sine wave, 0.5 oct/min sweep rate
1 G 0-peak, 5-300-5 Hz sine wave, 0.5 oct/min sweep rate
7.8.2 Non-operating vibrations
The drive does not sustain permanent damage or loss of recorded data after being subjected to the
environment described below.
7.8.2.1 Random vibration
The test consists of a random vibration applied for each of three mutually perpendicular axes with the time
duration of 10 minutes per axis. The PSD levels for the test simulates the shipping and relocation
environment which is shown below.
Random vibration PSD profile breakpoints (non-operating)
Frequency
2 Hz
4 Hz
8 Hz
40 Hz
55 Hz
70 Hz
200 Hz
RMS (G)
[G2/Hz]
0.001
0.03
0.03
0.003
0.01
0.01
0.001
1.04
Figure 45. Random vibration PSD profile breakpoints ( non-operating)
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
41
Overall RMS (Root Mean Square) level of vibration is 1.04G (RMS).
The disk drive does not sustain permanent hardware damage or loss of previously recorded data after
being subjected to the environment described above.
7.8.2.2 Swept sine vibration
! 2 G (Zero to peak), 5 to 500 to 5 Hz sine wave
! 0.5 oct/min sweep rate
7.8.3 Operating shock
The drive meets the following criteria:
! No data loss with 10G, 11 ms half-sine shock pulse
! No data loss with 45G, 2 ms half-sine shock pulse
The shock pulses of each level are applied to the drive, ten pulses for each direction and for all three
axes. There must be a minimum of 30 seconds delay between shock pulses. The input level is applied to
a base plate where the drive is attached with four screws.
7.8.4 Non-operating shock
The drive withstands the following square shock pulse with no permanent damage:
!
!
!
!
Accelerating level of 50 G
Duration time of 11 ms
Rise and fall time of 1 ms
Minimum velocity change of 4.23 ms
The drive withstands the following half-sine shock pulse:
! No data loss with 75G, 11 ms
! No data loss with 225G, 2 ms (146-GB model)
! No data loss with 300G, 2 ms (all other models)
The shocks are applied in each direction of the drive for three mutually perpendicular axes and one axis at
a time. Input levels are measured on a base plate where the drive is attached with four screws.
The drive withstands the following Rotational Shock:
! No data loss with Rotational Shock 30000rad/s2, 1 ms applied around the axis of actuator pivot.
NOTE: Actuator is automatically locked at power-off to keep the heads on a landing zone.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
42
7.9 Acoustics
The upper limit criteria of the A-weighted sound power levels are given in Bel relative to one pico watt and
are shown in the following table. The measurement method is in accordance with ISO7779. Drives are to
meet this criteria in both board up and board down orientations.
Model
A-weighted sound power level
(Bel)
Typical
Maximum
3.7
4.1
4.5
4.8
3.4
3.8
4.5
4.8
Mode
146 GB
all other models
Idle
Operating
Idle
Operating
Figure 46. A-weighted sound power levels
Background power levels of the acoustic test chamber for each octave band are to be recorded. Sound
power levels are measured with the drive supported by spacers so that the lower surface of the drive is
located 25 ± 3mm height from the chamber desk. No sound absorbing material shall be used. The
acoustical characteristics of the drive subsystem are measured under the following conditions.
Idle mode:
Powered on, disks spinning, track following, unit ready to receive and respond to control line commands except approximately once per minute when the idle time function sweeps the disk surface.
Operating mode:
Continuous random cylinder selection and seek operation of the actuator with a dwell time at each
cylinder. Seek rate for the drive is calculated per the formula below:
Ns = 0.4 / (Tt + Tl)
Ns = average seek rate in seeks/sec.
Tt = published random seek time.
Tl = time for the drive to rotate by half a revolution.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
43
7.10 Identification labels
The following labels are affixed to every hard disk drive shipped from the drive manufacturing location in
accordance with appropriate hard disk drive assembly drawing:
! A label containing IBM logo, IBM part number and the statement “Made by IBM Japan Ltd.”, or IBM
approved equivalent
! A label containing drive model number, manufacturing date, formatted capacity, country of origin or
IBM approved equivalent and UL, CSA, TUV, CE, and C-Tick logos
! A bar code label containing the drive serial number
! Jumper setting label
! A user designed label, per agreement
! Interface definition mark, SCSI LVD/SE multimode
SCSI
LVD/SE
Figure 47. Interface definition mark, SCSI LVD/SE multimode
The labels may be integrated with other labels
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
44
7.11 Electromagnetic compatibility
The drive, when installed in a suitable enclosure and exercised with a random accessing routine at
maximum data rate, meets the worldwide EMC requirements listed below.
IBM will provide technical support to meet the requirements to comply with the EMC specifications.
! United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules and Regulations (Class B), Part 15
! IBM Corporate Standard C-S 2-0001-005
! CISPR Publication 22; 1997 (Class B)
! Electrostatic Discharge Susceptibility limits for a Class 2 ESD environment specified in IBM Corporate
Standard C-S 2-0001-034
! Radiated Electromagnetic Susceptibility (RES) as specified in IBM Corporate Standard C-S
2-0001-037
7.11.1 CE Mark
The drive is declared to be in conformity with requirements of the following EC directives under the sole
responsibility of IBM United Kingdom Ltd. or Yamato Lab, IBM Japan Ltd.
Council Directive 89/336/EEC on the approximation of laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility.
7.11.2 C-Tick Mark
The drive complies with the following Australian EMC standard.
Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of information technology
equipment, AS/NZS 3548:1995 Class B.
7.11.3 BSMI Mark
The drive complies with the following Taiwan EMC standard.
Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of information technology
equipment, CNS 13438 Class B.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
45
7.12 Safety
The following shows the safety standards for different countries.
7.12.1 UL and CSA standard conformity
The drive is qualified per UL1950 third edition and CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 950-95 third edition, for the use in
Information Technology Equipment, including Electric Business Equipment. The UL recognition, or the
CSA certification, is maintained for the product life. The UL and C-UL recognition mark, or CSA monogram for CSA certification, appears on the drive.
7.12.2 European Standards Compliance
The drive is certified for compliance to EN60950 and conforms with these requirements for the life of the
product.
7.12.3 German Safety Mark
All Ultrastar 146Z10 models are to be approved by TUV on Test requirement: EN 60950, but the GS mark
is not applicable to internal devices such as these drives.
7.12.4 Flammability
The printed circuit boards used in this drive are made of material with the UL recognized flammability
rating of V-1 or better. The flammability rating is marked or etched on the board. All other parts not considered electrical components are made of material with the UL recognized flammability rating of V-1 or
better. However, small mechanical parts such as cable ties, washers, screws, and PC board mounts may
be made of material with a UL recognized flammability rating of V-2.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
46
Part 2. Interface specification
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
47
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8.0 SCSI Command Set
Summaries of the SCSI commands supported by the drive are listed below.
O = optional, M = mandatory.
Type
Code
M
M
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
M
M
O
M
O
O
O
O
O
M
O
O
O
M
M
O
O
O
O
M
O
O
M
O
M
M
O
O
O
O
04h
12h
4Ch
4Dh
15h
55h
1Ah
5Ah
5Eh
5Fh
34h
08h
28h
3Ch
25h
37h
B7h
3Eh
07h
1Ch
17h
57h
A3h
A0h
03h
16h
56h
01h
0Bh
2Bh
1Dh
1Bh
35h
00h
2Fh
0Ah
2Ah
2Eh
3Bh
3Fh
41h
Description
FORMAT UNIT
INQUIRY
LOG SELECT
LOG SENSE
MODE SELECT (6)
MODE SELECT (10)
MODE SENSE (6)
MODE SENSE (10)
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT
PRE-FETCH
READ (6)
READ (10)
READ BUFFER
READ CAPACITY
READ DEFECT DATA (10)
READ DEFECT DATA (12)
READ LONG
REASSIGN BLOCKS
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS
RELEASE (6)
RELEASE (10)
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER
REPORT LUN
REQUEST SENSE
RESERVE (6)
RESERVE (10)
REZERO UNIT
SEEK (6)
SEEK (10)
SEND DIAGNOSTIC
START/STOP UNIT
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE
TEST UNIT READY
VERIFY
WRITE (6)
WRITE (10)
WRITE AND VERIFY
WRITE BUFFER
WRITE LONG
WRITE SAME
Figure 48. Supported SCSI commands
Note: When it is not necessary to differentiate commands with different length such as READ (6) and
READ (10), a simpler form of READ will be used for both commands.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
49
8.1 SCSI Control Byte
The Control Byte is the last byte of every CDB. The format of this byte is shown below.
Bit
7
6
5
VU = 0
4
3
2
Reserved = 0
1
FLAG
0
LINK
Figure 49. SCSI Control Byte
VU
VU stands for Vendor Unique.
FLAG
The Flag bit specifies which message the drive shall return to the initiator if the link bit is one
and the command completes without any error. If Link is zero, Flag must also be zero. If Link is
one and the command terminates successfully, the drive will send either the LINKED
COMMAND COMPLETE message (FLAG=0) or the LINKED COMMAND COMPLETE WITH
FLAG message (FLAG=1). Typically this bit is used to cause an interrupt in the initiator between linked commands.
LINK
This bit is set to one to indicate that the initiator desires an automatic link to the next command
upon successful completion of the current command. Upon successful completion of the
command, the drive will return INTERMEDIATE GOOD status and then send one of the two
messages defined under Flag above.
Upon unsuccessful completion of the command, the drive will return CHECK CONDITION
status or RESERVATION CONFLICT status and then send the COMMAND COMPLETE
message. No further commands in the chain are executed.
8.2 Abbreviations
These abbreviations are used throughout the following sections:
CDB
Command descriptor block
LBA
Logical Block Address
LSB
Least significant bit
LUN
Logical Unit Number. An encoded three-bit identifier for the logical unit
MSB
Most significant bit
RSVD Reserved
VU
Vendor unique bits
8.3 Byte ordering conventions
In this specification, where it is not explicitly stated, all multibyte values are stored with the most significant
byte first. For example, in a 4-byte field byte 0 will contain the MSB and byte 3 the LSB.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
50
8.4 FORMAT UNIT (04h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
4
5
2
1
0
Command Code = 04h
FmtData CmpList Defect List Format
Reserved
2
3
4
3
VU = 0
(MSB)
Interleave Factor
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 50. FORMAT UNIT (04h)
The FORMAT UNIT command performs a physical formatting of the drive media. This includes handling
defective sectors and overwriting all data areas with a constant data pattern. (Reserved areas of the
media are not affected by the FORMAT UNIT command.)
! FmtData set to one specifies that a Data Out phase follows the Command phase. FmtData set to zero
specifies that no Data Out phase follows.
! CmpList set to one specifies that the G-List (Grown Defect List) existing prior to the format not be
used and is discarded. The drive is formatted with P-List and D-List (if specified). D-List becomes the
new G-List.
Note: The drive manages two internal defect lists and one external. The primary defect list (“P”List) is
created at time of manufacture. The grown defect list (G-List) is built after manufacture by the
Initiators use of the REASSIGN BLOCK command and the Automatic Reallocate functions. The data
defect list (D-List) is an external list. It is supplied by the initiator in the DATA OUT phase of the
FORMAT UNIT command.
! Defect List Format specifies the format of the defect descriptor transferred to the drive when
FmtData bit is set to one. The drive supports three defect descriptor formats for the Format Unit
command as following:
Format Description
000b
Block format
100b
Bytes From Index format
101b
Physical Sector format
If the FmtData bit is set to zero, this field must also be zero. Otherwise the command will complete
with a CHECK CONDITION with a sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and an additional sense code of
INVALID FIELD in CDB.
! Interleave Factor may be zero or one, either of which specifies an interleave of 1:1. Other Interleave
Factors are ignored because of the extensive buffering implemented in the drive.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
51
8.4.1 Defect list
Following is the format of the Defect List Header sent during the DATA OUT phase when FmtData is set
to one.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0
3
2
1
0
Reserved = 0
1
FOV
2
3
(MSB)
DPRY
DCRT STPF=1 IP = 0 DSP= 0 Immed
0
Defect List Length
(LSB)
Figure 51. Format of Defect List Header
The drive has a limited implementation of the Format Option bits located in Bits 2 through 7 of Byte 1 of
the Defect List Header (See Figure 48). If the initiator attempts to select any function not implemented by
the drive, the drive terminates the command with CHECK CONDITION Status. The sense key is set to
ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code is set to INVALID FIELD IN PARAMETER LIST.
! FOV (Format Options Valid) bit of zero causes the drive to verify that the setting for the DPRY
(Disable Primary), DCRT (Disable Certification), STPF (Stop Format), IP (Initialize Pattern), and DSP
(Disable Saving Parameters) bits are zero. If any of these bits are not zero, the drive terminates the
command with CHECK CONDITION Status. The sense key is set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the
additional sense code is set to INVALID FIELD IN PARAMETER LIST.
Note: When FOV bit is one, three combinations of the DPRY, DCRT, STPF, IP and DSP bits are
allowed. Any other combinations return a Check Condition Status With a sense key of ILLEGAL
REQUEST and an additional sense code of INVALID FIELD IN PARAMETER List. The supported
combination is
DPRY=0
DPRY=1
DPRY=0
DCRT=1
DCRT=1
DCRT=0
STPF=1
STPF=1
STPF=1
IP=0
IP=0
IP=0
DSP=0
DSP=0
DSP=0
! DPRY (Disable Primary) bit set to zero indicates that the drive does not use portions of the medium
identified as defective in the primary defect P-LIST for Initiator addressable logical blocks. If the drive
cannot locate the P-List or it cannot determine whether a P-List exists, the drive terminates the
FORMAT UNIT command as described for STPF=1. A DPRY bit of one indicates that the drive does
not use the P-list to identify defective areas of the medium. The P-list is not deleted.
! DCRT (Disable Certification) bit of ZERO indicates that the drive performs a medium certification
operation and generates a Certification List (CList) and the drive adds the Clist to the G-List. A DCRT
bit of one indicates that the drive does not generate a CList (Certification List) nor perform a certification process while executing the FORMAT UNIT Command.
Note: Since the DCRT bit is part of the DATA OUT phase that follows the format command, the
FCERT bit in Mode Page 0 is provided to control certification when the format command is issued with
no DATA OUT phase. If a format command is issued with a DATA OUT phase then FCERT is
ignored.
! STPF (Stop Format) bit must be set to one. If one or both of the following conditions occurs, the drive
terminates the Format Unit command with CHECK CONDITION Status. The sense key is set to
MEDIUM ERROR and the additional sense code is set to either DEFECT LIST NOT FOUND if the
first condition occurred or it is set to DEFECT LIST ERROR if the second condition occurred.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
52
1. The drive cannot locate a required defect list nor determine that the list exists.
2. The drive encounters an unrecoverable error while accessing a required defect list.
! IP (Initialization Pattern) bit must be set to zero. The drive initializes all data with zeros.
! DSP (Disable Saving Parameters) bit must be set to zero. The drive saves all the MODE SELECT
savable parameters during the format operation.
! Immed (Immediate) bit set to zero requests that status be returned at the end of the format operation.
An immediate bit set to one requests that status be returned immediately. GOOD Status is returned
following the CDB validation and transfer of data in the DATA OUT phase. If the immediate format
operation terminates in error, Deferred Error Sense data is generated. With the immediate bit set to
one, the Link bit must be set to zero.
8.4.2 Defect descriptor
The Defect List Length field specifies the total length in bytes of the defect descriptors that follow. The
drive has an implementation limitation for the number of defect descriptors. The number of defect
descriptors shall be less than 128. The defect list length must be equal to four times the number of defect
descriptors to follow for the BLOCK format or eight times the number of defect descriptors to follow for the
BYTES FROM INDEX and PHYSICAL SECTOR format. Otherwise the command is terminated with
CHECK CONDITION STATUS, the sense key is set to ILLEGAL REQUEST, and the additional sense
code is set to INVALID FIELD In PARAMETER LIST. The defect descriptors must specify the defect
based on the current Format Device parameters reported by the MODE SENSE command.
The drive supports three Defect List formats.
8.4.2.1 Block format
The Block format of the defect list supported by the drive is by logical block where the location of defective
sectors is given by their LBA.
Bit
Byte
7
0
1
2
3
4n 4n +3
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
Defective Logical Block Address
(LSB)
Defective Logical Block Address n
Figure 52. Defect descriptor - Block format.
Format of the defect list sent during the DATA OUT phase when FmtData set to one.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
53
8.4.2.2 Bytes From Index format
Each defect descriptor for the Bytes From Index format specifies that the sector containing this byte be
marked defective. The defect descriptor is comprised of the cylinder number of the defect, the head
number of the defect, and the defect bytes from index.
Bit
Byte
7
0
1
2
6
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
3
4
5
6
7
5
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
Defect Bytes from Index
(LSB)
8n 8n +7
Defect Descriptor n
Figure 53. Defect descriptor - Bytes from Index format.
Format of the defect list sent during the DATA OUT phase when FmtData is set to one.
8.4.2.3 Physical Sector format
Each defect descriptor for the Physical Sector format specifies a defect that is the length of a sector. The
defect descriptor is comprised of the cylinder number of the defect, the head number of the defect, and the
defect sector number.
Bit
Byte
7
0
1
2
8n 8n + 7
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
3
4
5
6
7
6
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
Defect Sector Number
(LSB)
Defect Descriptor n
Figure 54. Defect descriptor - Physical Sector format.
Format of the defect list sent during the DATA OUT phase when FmtData set to one.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
54
8.5 INQUIRY (12h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 12h
Reserved
Reserved = 0
2
Page Code
3
Reserved = 0
4
Allocation Length
5
1
VU =0
Reserved = 0
CmdDt
EVPD
FLAG
LINK
Figure 55. INQUIRY (12)
The INQUIRY command requests the parameters of the drive to be sent to the initiator.
! CmdDT bit of one specifies that the drive shall return the command support data information
identified by the Page Code field in the CDB.
! EVPD bit of one specifies that the drive return the vital product data page identified by the Page Code
field in the CDB1.
! Page code specifies which page of vital product data information the drive shall return.
1
The available VPD pages are defined in the addendum provided for each different drive model in the section
entitled Inquiry Data Format.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
55
CmdDt
EVPD
PAGE CODE
Description
0
0
0
The drive returns the standard INQUIRY data.
0
0
Non Zero
The drive returns CHECK CONDITION status with the
sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense
code of INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
0
1
Supported
The drive returns the vital product data of page code
requested.
0
1
Unsupported
The drive returns CHECK CONDITION status with the
sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense
code of INVALID FIELD IN CDB
1
0
Supported
The drive returns command support data of page code
requested.
1
0
Unsupported
The drive returns 2 bytes data ( 0001h as unsupported).
1
1
Any values
The drive returns CHECK CONDITION status with the
sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense
code of INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
Figure 56. Page code descriptions
! Allocation Length specifies the number of bytes that the initiator has allocated for INQUIRY data to
be returned. An allocation length of zero implies that no data returned. The drive will terminate the
DATA IN phase when all available INQUIRY data has been transferred or when allocation length
bytes have been transferred, whichever is less.
If an INQUIRY command is received from an initiator with a pending unit attention condition (before the
drive reports CHECK CONDITION status), the drive processes the INQUIRY command. The unit attention
condition is not cleared by this action.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
56
8.5.1 INQUIRY DATA
Fields with a value shown inside quotes (e.g. Value = 'xyz') are character fields. A value not in quotes is a
numeric value. Character fields are alphanumeric and represented in either ASCII or EBCDIC as stated.
8.5.1.1 INQUIRY data format - CmdDt = 0 EVPD = 0
Bit
Byte
7
0
1
2
3
6
5
Qualifier = 0
RMB=0
3
2
1
Peripheral Device Type = 0
ECMA = 0
TrmTsk Norm RSVD
= 0
ACA=0
= 0
ANSI = 3
Response Data Format
= 2
4
Additional Length = 159 (9Fh)
5
Reserved = 0
6
7
8-15
RSVD EncSer RSVD MultiP MChngr ACKREQ Addr32 Addr16
= 0
= 0
= 0
=0
= 0
= 0
= 0
= 1
REL_A Wb_32 Wb_16
= 0
= 0
= 1
Sync
= 1
Link
= 1
TTD
= 0
CmdQu
= 1
Product ID (ASCII)
32-35
Product Revision Level (ASCII)
36-43
Unit Serial Number (ASCII)
44-52
Reserved = 0
54-95
96-145
146-163
RSVD
= 0
Vendor ID = 'IBM ' (ASCII)
16-31
53
0
Device-Type Modifier = 0
ISO = 0
RSVD
= 0
4
Reserved = 0
Clocking=11b
QAS
IUS
Reserved = 0
Copyright Notice (ASCII)
Reserved = 0
Figure 57. INQUIRY Data - CmdDt = 0EVPD = 0
! Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the IDENTIFY message is currently supported. Qualifier is set to 011b when the LUN specified in the IDENTIFY message is not present.2
! Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access. Peripheral Dev.
Type is set to 1Fh when the LUN specified in the IDENTIFY message is not present.
! Removal Media Bit (RMB) is always set to zero to indicate no removal media exist.
! Device-Type Modifier is set to zero.
2
For all commands, except INQUIRY and REQUEST SENSE, if an invalid lun is specified, a CHECK CONDITION
will be returned.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
57
! ISO is set to zero to indicate that this drive does not claim compliance to the International
Organization for Standardization (ISO) version of SCSI (ISO DP 9316).
! ECMA is set to zero to indicate that this drive does not claim compliance to the European Computer
Manufacturers Association (ECMA) version of SCSI (ECMA-111).
! ANSI indicates the level of the ANSI standard that is supported by the drive. The drive supports ANSI
SCSI version 3.
! TrmTsk (Terminate Task) filed of 0 indicates the drive does not support the TERMINATE TASK task
management function as defined in the SAM.
! NormACA (Normal ACA) field of 0 indicates the drive does not support setting the NACA bit to one in
the Control Byte of the CDB as defined in the SAM.
! Response Data Format is set to two to indicate that the Inquiry Data Format as specified in ANSI
SCSI version 2 is supported by the drive.
! Additional Length indicates the number of bytes of inquiry information that follows.
! EncSer (Enclosure Services) bit of 0 indicates that the drive does not contain an embedded enclosure
service component.
! MultiP (MultiPort) bit of 0 indicates that the drive has a single port and does not implement multi- port
requirements.
! MChngr (Medium Changer) bit is only supported when the RMB bit is one.
! ACKREQQ (ACKQ/REQQ) bit of 0 indicates that the drive does not support a request and acknowledge data transfer handshake on a Q cable.
! Addr32 (Wide SCSI Address 32) bit of 0 indicates that the drive does not support 32 bit wide SCSI
Addresses.
! Addr16 (Wide SCSI Address 16) bit of 1 indicates that the drive supports 16 bit wide SCSI Addresses.
! REL_A is set to zero to indicate that the drive does not support 'Relative Address Mode'.
! Wb_32 is set to zero to indicate that the drive does not support 32-bit wide data transfers.
! Wb_16 is set to one to indicate that the drive supports 16-bit wide data transfers.
! Sync is set to one to indicate that the drive supports synchronous data transfer.
! Link is set to one to indicate that the drive supports linked commands.
! TTD is set to zero to indicate that the drive does not support the CONTINUE I/O PROCESS and
TARGET TRANSFER DISABLE message for this logical unit.
! CmdQu is set to one to indicate that the drive supports command queuing.
! Vendor ID is 'IBM' padded with ASCII blanks.
! Product ID is specified in ASCII characters. Refer to Section 4.3.1, "Product ID" on page 10.
! Product Revision Level indicates the level of microcode. It indicates RAM microcode level.
! Unit Serial Number contains the drive serial number.
! Clocking 11b indicates the drive supports ST (Single Transition) and DT (Double Transition) on
synchronous transfer.
! QAS (Quick Arbitrate Supported) bit of one indicates that the drive supports the quick arbitrate
feature; a bit of zero indicates that the drive does not support the quick arbitrate feature.
! IUS (Information Unit Supported) bit of one indicates that the drive supports information unit; a bit of
zero indicates that the drive does not support information unit.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
58
8.5.1.2 Inquiry data format - CmdDt = 1
Bit
Byte
7
0
1
6
5
4
Peripheral Qualifier
3
1
0
Peripheral Device Type
Reserved
Support
2
Version
3
Reserved
4
Reserved
5
CDB Size = m-5
6
2
CDB Usage Data
m
Figure 58. Command support data format
! Peripheral Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the IDENTIFY Message is currently supported. Peripheral Qualifier is set to 011b when the LUN specified in the IDENTIFY
Message is not present.3
! Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is a Direct-Access. Peripheral
Device Type is set to 1Fh when the LUN specified in the IDENTIFY Message is not present.
! Support indicates the type of command support. The following table defines the values and meanings of the Support field.
3
For all commands except INQUIRY and REQUEST SENSE if an invalid LUN is specified, a CHECK
CONDITION will be returned.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
59
Support
Description
000b
Data about the requested SCSI operation code is not currently available.
001b
The drive does not support the tested SCSI operation code. All data after
byte 1 is undefined.
010b
Reserved.
011b
The drive supports the tested SCSI operation code in conformance with
the SCSI standard.
100b
Vendor-specific
101b
The drive supports the tested SCSI operation code in a vendor-specific
manner.
110b
Vendor-specific
111b
Reserved
Figure 59. SUPPORT values and meanings
! Version indicates the level of the ANSI standard supported by the drive. The drive supports ANSI
SCSI version 3.
! CDB Size indicates the number of bytes in the CDB for the operation, code, and size of the CDB
Usage Data field in the return data.
! CDB Usage Data contains information about the CDB for the operation code. The first byte of the
CDB Usage Data contains the operation code. All bytes except the first byte of the CDB Usage Data
contain a usage map for bits in the CDB. In the usage map, the bit that is all or part of a field in the
CDB is set to one, otherwise it is set to zero.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
60
8.5.1.3 Inquiry data format - EVPD = 1 - Page Code = 00
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
Qualifier = 0
4
3
2
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 00h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Page Length = 03h
4
Supported Page Code = 00h
5
Supported Page Code = 80h
6
Supported Page Code = 83h
Figure 60. INQUIRY DATA - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 00)
! Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
! Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
! Page Code is set to 0; this field contains the same value as in the page code field of the INQUIRY
command descriptor block.
! Page length specifies the length of the following page data.
! The Supported Page Code field contains the Page Codes supported by the drive. The list is in
ascending order.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
61
8.5.1.4 Inquiry data format - EVPD = 1 - Page Code = 80h
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
Qualifier = 0
4
3
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 80h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Page Length = 16 (10h)
4-19
2
Serial Number (ASCII)
Figure 61. INQUIRY DATA - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 80h)
!
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently
supported.
!
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
!
Page Code is set to 80h, and this field contains the same value as in the page code field of the
INQUIRY command descriptor block.
!
Page length is set to 16; this field specifies the length of the following page data.
!
Serial Number gives the drive serial number right aligned.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
62
8.5.1.5 Inquiry data format - EVPD = 1 - Page Code = 83h
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
Qualifier = 0
4
3
2
Page Code = 83h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Page Length = 12 (0Ch)
Reserved = 0
Reserved
= 0
5
Code Set = 1
Association
= 0
Identifier Type = 3
6
Reserved = 0
7
Identifier Length = 8
8-15
(MSB)
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
4
1
World Wide ID
(LSB)
Figure 62. INQUIRY DATA - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 83h)
!
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
!
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
!
Page Code is set to 83h, and this field contains the same value as in the page code field of the
INQUIRY command descriptor block.
!
Page length is set to 12, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
!
Code Set field specifies the code set used for the identifier field. The drive supports binary.
!
Association field specifies the entity with which the identifier field is associated. The drive supports
value of 0h, the Identifier field is associated with the addressed physical or logical device.
!
Identifier Type field specifies the format and assignment authority for the identifier. The drive supports the value of 03h.
!
World Wide ID is a 64-bit unique identification for each drive. The format is 5005076hxxxyyn
where
! xxx is the 12-bit Block assignment defined for each model and manufacturing site. Refer to
Section 4.3.2, "World Wide ID - Block assignment" on page 10.
! yy is the 2-bit Port/Node ID select. This is 11b as for parallel SCSI interface devices.
! n is the 22-bit drive unique serial number.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
63
8.6 LOG SELECT (4Ch)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
2
4
3
2
1
0
PCR
SP
Command Code = 4Ch
Reserved = 0
PC
3
4
5
6
7
8
5
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
9
Parameter List Length
(LSB)
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 63. LOG SELECT (4C)
The LOG SELECT command provides a means for the initiator to clear statistical information maintained
by the drive and reported via the LOG SENSE command.
! PCR The Parameter Code Reset determines whether the LOG SENSE parameters will be cleared
and unit attention posted for all other initiators. A value of 1 indicates that the parameters be cleared,
while a value of zero (except when PC = 11b) indicates that the parameters not be cleared.
! SP The Save Parameters bit value of zero indicates that the page parameters not be saved. A value
of 1 indicates that the page parameters that are savable be saved after they have been changed.
! PC The Page Control field defines the type of parameters to be selected. The PC field set to 11b (and
PCR is then a don't care) indicates that the Default Cumulative values are set to their default values of
0. If the PC field is set to 01b and PCR is set to 1, the Current Cumulative values are also set to their
default values.
! Parameter List Length The Parameter List Length field specifies the length in bytes of the parameter
list that shall be located in the DATA OUT buffer. A parameter list length zero indicates that no pages
shall be transferred.
If one or more fields of the CDB are not set correctly the command will be terminated with a CHECK
CONDITION status. The Sense Key shall be set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code set
to INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
The LOG SELECT command will reset the counter variables to their default values of zero. These variables are listed in the LOG SENSE command.
To indicate that parameters have changed, the drive generates a unit attention condition for all initiators
except the one that issued the LOG SELECT command.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
64
8.7 LOG SENSE (4Dh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
2
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 4Dh
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
PC
3
4
PPC= 0
SP
Page Code
Reserved = 0
5
6
(MSB)
7
8
(MSB)
Parameter Pointer
(LSB)
9
Allocation Length
(LSB)
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 64. LOG SENSE
The LOG SENSE command allows the initiator to retrieve the statistical data regarding the drive.
! PPC (Parameter Pointer Control) bit must be set to zero. This specifies that the drive start transferring
data starting from the field specified in the parameter pointer field for the number of bytes specified by
the allocation length. If the PPC bit is set to 1, CHECK CONDITION status is returned with a Sense
Key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code of INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
! SP (Save Parameters) bit set to 0 specifies that the drive does not save any log parameters. If it is
set to 1, all page parameters that are savable (those pages denoted by a DS = 0 in the parameter
header control byte) are saved.
! PC (Page Control) field defines the type of parameters to be selected. This field must be set to 01b to
specify the current cumulative values. The drive does not support current threshold values, default
threshold values and default cumulative values; therefore any value other than 01h will cause the
command to end with a CHECK CONDITION with a sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and an additional sense code of INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
! Page Code field identifies which page is being requested. This field must be set to the values indicated in Page 0. If the Page Code value is invalid a CHECK CONDITION status is returned with a
Sense Key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
Parameter Pointer Field specifies the beginning field for the transfer. This field is only available for
Page Code = 0Fh. If the parameter pointer field is greater than 3Fh for Page Code = 0Fh, or if the field
is not zero for Page Code other than 0Fh, a CHECK CONDITION status is returned with a sense key
of ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code of INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
! Allocation Length field specifies the maximum number of bytes the Initiator has allocated for
returned Log Sense Data. No bytes are transferred if the length is zero. This condition is not considered an error. The drive terminates the Data In phase when all available LOG SENSE data has
been transferred or when the number of bytes equals the allocation length, whichever is less.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
65
8.7.1 Log Page parameters
Each log page begins with a four-byte page header followed by zero or more variable-length log parameters.
! Page Header
Page Code field identifies which log page is being transferred.
The Page Length field specifies the length in bytes of the following log parameters.
! Log Parameters
Each log parameter begins with a four-byte parameter header followed by one or more bytes of parameter value data.
The Parameter Code field identifies which log parameter is being transferred for that log page.
The Parameter Control field, the 3rd byte of each parameter header, contains several fields:
•
DU (Disable Update) bit is set to 0 which indicates that the drive updates the log parameter value
to reflect events that should be noted by that parameter.
•
DS (Disable Save) bit is set to 1 to indicate the parameter is non-savable and is set to 0 to
indicate that the parameter is savable.
•
TSD (Drive Save Disable) bit is set to zero which indicates that the drive provides a drive defined
method for saving log parameters.
•
ETC (Enable Threshold Comparison) bit is set to 0 which indicates the drive does not perform
comparisons between cumulative and any threshold values.
•
TMC (Threshold Met Criteria) field is not valid because this drive does not perform threshold
comparisons. This field is set to 0.
•
LBIN (List Binary) bit is only valid if the LP is 1. If the LP bit is 1 and the LBIN bit is 0, the list parameter is a string of ASCII graphic code (20h - 7Eh). If the LP bit is 1 and the LBIN bit is 1, the list
parameter is a list of binary information.
•
LP (List Parameter) bit is set to 0 for parameters that are data counters. The LP bit is set to 1 for
parameters that are lists.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
66
8.7.2 Log Sense Page 0
Page 0 indicates the supported log sense pages. This page is used to determine which additional pages
can be requested by an Initiator.
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
Reserved
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page code = 0
1
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 000Ah (Number of Pages Supported)
4
First supported page 0h
5
Second supported page 2h
6
Third supported page 3h
7
Fourth supported page 5h
8
Fifth supported page 6h
9
Sixth supported page Dh
10
Seventh supported page Eh
11
Eighth supported page Fh
12
Ninth supported page 10h
13
Tenth supported page 2Fh
Figure 65. Log Sense Page 0
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
67
8.7.3 Log Sense Page 2
This page contains counters for write errors.
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
2
Reserved
2-3
PageLength = 54h
4-5
Parameter Code = 00h
DU =
0
0
LBIN =
0
LP
= 0
Page code = 02h
1
6
1
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Errors recovered without delay = 0
16-17
Parameter Code = 01h
18
DU=0
DS=0
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC=0
LBIN=0
19
Parameter Length = 08h
20-27
Count of AE write fault errors
28-29
Parameter Code = 02h
30
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
31
Parameter Length = 08h
32-39
Count of sector overrun errors
40-41
Parameter Code = 03h
42
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
43
Parameter Length = 08h
44-51
Total number of soft errors
52-53
Parameter Code = 04h
54
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
LP=0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
LBIN =
0
LP
= 0
55
Parameter Length = 08h
56-63
Total of soft errors and hard errors
Figure 66. Log Sense Page 2 (part 1 of 2)
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
68
Bit
Byte
7
6
64-65
66
5
4
3
2
0
LBIN =
0
LP
= 0
Parameter Code = 05h
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
67
Parameter Length = 08h
68-75
Total bytes written
76-77
Parameter Code = 06h
78
1
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
79
Parameter Length = 08h
80-87
Total number of hard errors
LBIN
= 0
Figure 67. Log Sense Page 2 (part 2 of 2)
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
69
LP
= 0
8.7.4 Log Sense Page 3
This page contains counters for read errors.
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
Reserved
2-3
PageLength = 54h
4-5
Parameter Code = 00h
DU =
0
1
0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
Page code = 03h
1
6
2
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Errors recovered without delay = 0
16-17
Parameter Code = 01h
18
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
19
Parameter Length = 08h
20-27
Count of errors recovered by off-line ECC corrections
28-29
Parameter Code = 02h
30
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
31
Parameter Length = 08h
32-39
Count of ID CRC errors
40-41
Parameter Code = 03h
42
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
43
Parameter Length = 08h
44-51
Total number of soft errors
52-53
Parameter Code = 04h
54
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
55
Parameter Length = 08h
56-63
Times of soft errors and hard errors
64-65
Parameter Code = 05h
Figure 68. Log Sense Page 3 (part 1 of 2)
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
70
Bit
Byte
66
7
6
5
4
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
3
2
TMC = 0
67
Parameter Length = 08h
68-75
Total bytes read
76-77
Parameter Code = 06h
78
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
79
Parameter Length = 08h
80-87
Total number of hard errors
1
0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
Figure 69. Log Sense Page 3 (part 2 of 2)
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
71
8.7.5 Log Sense Page 5
This page contains counters for VERIFY command and the verify portion of WRITE AND VERIFY
command.
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
Reserved
2-3
PageLength = 54h
4-5
Parameter Code = 00h
DU =
0
1
0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
Page code = 05h
1
6
2
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Errors recovered without delay = 0
16-17
Parameter Code = 01h
18
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
19
Parameter Length = 08h
20-27
Count of errors recovered by off-line ECC corrections
28-29
Parameter Code = 02h
30
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
31
Parameter Length = 08h
32-39
Count of ID CRC errors
40-41
Parameter Code = 03h
42
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
43
Parameter Length = 08h
44-51
Total number of soft errors
52-53
Parameter Code = 04h
54
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
55
Parameter Length = 08h
56-63
Times of soft errors and hard errors
64-65
Parameter Code = 05h
Figure 70. Log Sense Page 5 (part 1 of 2)
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
72
Bit
Byte
66
7
6
5
4
3
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
2
TMC = 0
67
Parameter Length = 08h
68-75
Total Bytes Verified
76-77
Parameter Code = 06h
78
DU =
0
DS =
0
TSD =
0
TMC = 0
79
Parameter Length = 08h
80-87
Total number of hard errors
1
0
LBIN
= 0
LP= 0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 0
Figure 71. Log Sense Page 5 (part 2 0f 2)
8.7.6 Log Sense Page 6
This page contains counters for seek errors.
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
Reserved
2-3
PageLength =0Ch
4-5
Parameter Code = 00h
DU =
0
DS =
0
1
0
Page code = 06h
1
6
2
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Error count
LBIN
= 0
Figure 72. Log Sense Page 6
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
73
LP
= 0
8.7.7 Log Sense Page D
This page contains temperature information.
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
Reserved
2-3
PageLength = 0Ch
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU
= 0
DS
= 1
1
0
LBIN
= 1
LP
= 0
Page code = 0Dh
1
6
2
TSD
= 0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 02h
8
Reserved
9
Current temperature (degrees Celsius)
10-11
Parameter Code 0001h
12
DU
= 0
DS
= 1
TSD
= 0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
13
Parameter Length = 02h
14
Reserved
15
SMART threshold for temperature
LBIN
= 1
Figure 73. Log Sense Page D
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
74
LP
= 0
8.7.8 Log Sense Page E
This page contains the start-stop cycle information.
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
Reserved
4
3
2
Reserved
2-3
PageLength = 24h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0001h
DU
= 0
0
LBIN
= 0
LP
= 1
Page code = 0Eh
1
6
1
DS
= 1
TSD = ETC =
0
0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 06h
8-11
Year of Manufacture (4 ASCII characters)
12-13
Week of Manufacture (2 ASCII characters)
14-15
Parameter Code 0002h
16
DU
= 0
DS
= 1
TSD = ETC =
0
0
TMC = 0
LBIN
= 0
17
Parameter Length = 06h
18-21
Accounting Date Year (4 ASCII characters)
22-23
Accounting Date Week (2 ASCII characters)
24-25
Parameter Code 0003h
26
DU
= 0
DS
= 1
TSD = ETC =
0
0
TMC = 0
LBIN
= 1
27
Parameter Length = 04h
28-31
Start-stop cycles for lifetime
32-33
Parameter Code 0004h
34
DU
= 0
DS
= 1
TSD = ETC =
0
0
TMC = 0
35
Parameter Length = 04h
36-39
Accumulated start-stop cycles
LBIN
= 1
LP
= 1
LP
= 1
LP
= 1
Figure 74. Log Sense Page E
The date of manufacture cannot be saved using the LOG SELECT command. The accounting date
specified by parameter code 0002h is blank when the drive is manufactured, it can be saved using the
LOG SELECT command. The start-stop cycles for lifetime is a value of 10000 as the specifications for
start-stop cycle of spindle motor by power on or START STOP UNIT command. The accumulated startstop cycle is the count of start-stop cycle of spindle motor by power on or START STOP UNIT command.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
75
8.7.9 Log Sense Page F
This page contains the Application Client Log.
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
2
1
0
Page code = 0Fh
1
Reserved
2-3
Page length = 4000h
Application client log parameter
4-
First application client log parameter
-4003h
Last application client log parameter
The following table describes the application client log parameter structure.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0-1
2
4
3
2
1
0
LBIN
= 1
LP
= 1
Parameter code
DU
= 1
DS
= 0
TSD
= 0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
3
Parameter length = FCh
4-
First parameter byte
255
Last parameter byte
Figure 75. Log Sense Page F Application Client Log
Parameter code 0000h through 003Fh are supported.
The values stored in the parameter bytes represent data sent to the device in a previous LOG SELECT
command.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
76
8.7.10 Log Sense Page 10
This page contains Self-test results.
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
2
1
0
Page code = 10h
1
Reserved
2-3
PageLength = 190h
Self-test results log parameters
4-
First self-test results log parameter
-403h
Last self-test results log parameter
The results of the twenty most recent self-tests are stored in this Log page. The following table describes
the self-test results log parameter structure.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0-1
2
3
4
3
2
0
LBIN
= 1
LP
= 1
Parameter code
DU
= 0
DS
= 0
TSD
= 0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
Parameter Length = 10h
Function Code
RSVD
Self-Test Results
Value
5
Extended Segment Number
6-7
Timestamp
8-15
LBA of First Failure
16
1
Reserved
Sense Key
17
Additional Sense Code
18
Additional Sense Code Qualifier
19
Vendor specific
Figure 76. Log Sense Page 10 , Self-Test Results
! Parameter Code identifies the log parameter for the log page. The parameter Code field for the
results of the most recent test will be 0001h. The parameter for the next most recent will be 0002h.
! Function Code contains the content of the Function Code field in the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command
that initiated this self-test.
! Self-Test Results Value is described in the table below.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
77
Value
Description
0h
The self-test routine completed without error
1h
The background self-test routine was aborted by the
initiator using a SEND DIAGNOSTICS command with the
Abort Background self-test function
2h
The self-test routine was aborted by the application
client by a Task Management function of a reset
3h
An unknown error occurred while the drive was
executing the self-test routine and the drive was
unable to complete the self-test routine
4h
The self-test completed with a test element that
failed and it is not known which test element failed
5h
The first segment of the self-test failed
6h
7h
8h-Eh
Fh
The second segment of the self-test failed
The third or greater segment of the self-test failed
(see the Extended segment number field)
Reserved
The self-test is in progress
Figure 77. Log Sense Page 10 Self-Test Results
! Extended Segment Number This field will be used to identify the number of the segment that failed
during self-test. If no segment failed, this field will be 00h.
! Timestamp This field contains the total accumulated power-on hours of the drive at the time the selftest completed.
! LBA of first failure This field contains the LBA of the first error where a self-test error occurred. If no
errors occurred during the self-test or the error is not related to a LBA, the field will be
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFh.
! Sense Key, Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier These fields will contain
the additional information relating to the error or exception conditions during self-test.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
78
Extended
Segment
Number
Foreground Test
Background Test
0h
NA
NA
1h
Drive ready check
Drive ready check
2h
RAM test
NA
3h
Spin check
Spin check
4h
Write, read and compare test
Write, read and compare test
5h
ECC circuit test
ECC circuit test
6h
Seek test
Seek test
7h
SMART check
SMART check
8h
Low level format check
Low level format check
9h
Physical head test
Physical head test
Ah
Read scan test
Read scan test
Bh
SMART check
SMART check
Figure 78. LOG SENSE Page 10 Extended Segment Number
8.7.11 LOG SENSE Page 2F
This page contains SMART Status and Temperature Reading.
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
2
1
0
LBIN
= 1
LP
= 1
Page code = 2Fh
1
Reserved
2-3
PageLength = 8
4-5
6
3
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU
= 0
DS
= 0
TSD =
0
ETC =
0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 04h
8
SMART Sense Code Byte
9
SMART Sense Byte 21
10
Current Temperature (degrees Celsius)
11
SMART Threshold for Temperature
Figure 79. Log Sense Page 2F
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
79
8.8 MODE SENSE (6) (1A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
1
0
Command Code = 1Ah
1
Reserved
2
PCF
RSVD
DBD
Subpage Code
4
Allocation Length
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
Page Code
3
5
2
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 80. MODE SENSE (1A)
The MODE SENSE (1A) command provides a means for the drive to report various device parameters to
the initiator. It is the complement to the MODE SELECT command.
If the DBD (Disable Block Descriptor) bit is zero, the drive will return the Block Descriptor. If the DBD bit is
set to 1, the drive will not return the Block Descriptor.
Allocation Length indicates the maximum number of bytes which the initiator has set aside for the DATA
IN phase. A value of zero is not considered an error. If the allocation length is smaller than the amount
available, that portion of the data up to the allocation length will be sent. This may result in only a portion
of a multi-byte field being sent.
Page Control Field: PCF (Page Control Field) defines the type of Page Parameter values to be returned.
PCF
Meaning
00
Report current values. The drive returns the current values under which the logical unit is presently configured for the page code specified. The current values returned are
1. The parameters set in the last successful MODE SELECT command.
2. The saved values if a MODE SELECT command has not been executed since the last
power-on, hard RESET condition, or TARGET RESET message.
Note: The drive will not process the Mode Select command until the completion of spin-up.
Therefore the initiator cannot modify the current values prior to the saved values being read in.
01
Report changeable value. The drive returns the changeable values for the page code specified.
The page requested is returned containing information that indicates which fields are changeable.
All bits of parameters that are changeable shall be set to one. Parameters that are defined by the
drive shall be set to zero. If any part of a field is changeable, all bits in that field shall be set to
one.
Note: For a value field such as the buffer ratios of page 2 the bit field will not indicate the range of
supported values but rather that the field is supported.
10
Report default value. The drive returns the default values for the page code specified. The parameters not supported by the drive are set to zero.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
80
11
Report saved value. The drive returns the saved value for the page code specified. Saved
values are one of following:
! the values saved as a result of MODE SELECT command
! identical to the default values
! zero when the parameters are not supported
The Page Length byte value of each page returned by the drive indicates up to which fields are
supported on that page.
Page Code: This field specifies which page or pages to return. Page code usage is defined in the figure
below.
Page Code
00h - 1Ch
3Fh
Description
Return specific page
Return all available pages
Figure 81. Page Code Usage
Subpage Code: This field specifies the subpage to return. Subpages are supported for Port Control
Mode Page. For other Mode Pages this field should be zero.
8.8.1 Mode Parameter List
The mode parameter list contains a header followed by zero or more block descriptors followed by zero or
more variable length pages.
8.8.1.1 Header
The six-byte command descriptor block header is defined below.
Mode parameter header (6)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0
Mode Data Length
1
Medium Type = 0
2
3
WP
3
2
1
Reserved = 0
Block Descriptor Length (= 0 or 8)
Figure 82. Mode parameter header (6)
The ten-byte command descriptor block header is defined below.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
81
0
Mode parameter header (10)
Bit
Byte
7
0
1
(MSB)
4
3
2
1
0
Mode Data Length
Medium Type = 0
WP
4
5
6
7
5
(LSB)
2
3
6
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Block Descriptor Length
( = 0 or 8)
(LSB)
Figure 83. Mode parameter header (10)
! Mode Data Length. When using the MODE SENSE command, the mode data length field specifies
the length in bytes of the following data that is available to be transferred. The mode data length does
not include the length byte itself. When using the MODE SELECT command, this field is reserved.
! Medium Type field is always set to zero in the drive (Default Medium Type).
! WP. When used with the MODE SELECT command, the Write Protect (WP) bit is reserved.
When used with the MODE SENSE command, a Write Protect (WP) bit of zero indicates that the
medium is write enabled.
! Block Descriptor Length specifies the length in bytes of the block descriptors.
When used with the MODE SELECT command, zero or eight is supported by the drive.
When used with the MODE SENSE command, the drive returns eight to indicate that only a single
block descriptor is available.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
82
8.8.1.2 Block Descriptor
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
0
1
2
3
Number of Blocks (MSB)
(LSB)
Byte 4
Density code = 0
Byte 5
Byte 6
Byte 7
Block Length
Figure 84. MODE Parameter Block Descriptor
The Block descriptor provides formatting information about the Number of Blocks (user addressable) to
format at the specified Block Length.
! Number of Blocks
When used with the MODE SELECT command, the Number of Blocks field must be
- Zero to indicate not to change available blocks
- 0xFFFFFFFF to indicate all available blocks
- The exact number of blocks in the data area of the drive, which can be obtained with the MODE
SENSE
- The number of blocks less than exact one, in order to CLIP the number of blocks
Any other value is invalid and causes the command to fail with CHECK CONDITION status.
When used with the MODE SENSE command, the field contain exact number of blocks.
! Block Length
When used with the MODE SELECT command, the Block length field must contain the value from
512 to 528 (2 bytes step) or zero. Otherwise the drive will terminate the command with CHECK
CONDITION status.
A Format Unit command is required to cause these parameters to become current only if the block
length parameter is different from the current block length.
When used with the MODE SENSE command, the field is dependent on how the media is currently
formatted.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
83
8.8.1.3 Page Descriptor
Byte 0
PS
RSVD=
0
Byte 1
Page Code
Page Length
Byte
2-n
Mode Parameters
Figure 85. MODE Parameter Page Format
Each mode page contains a page code, a page length, and a set of mode parameters.
When using the MODE SENSE command, a Parameter Savable (PS) bit of one indicates that the mode
page can be saved by the drive in the reserved area of the drive. A PS bit of zero indicates that the supported parameters cannot be saved. When using the MODE SELECT command, the PS bit is reserved
(zero).
The drive supports the following mode page code:
Page
Description
PS
00
Vendor Unique Parameters
1
01
Read-Write Error Recovery Parameters
1
02
Disconnect/Reconnect Control Parameters
1
03
Format Device Parameters
0
04
Rigid Disk Geometry Parameters
0
07
Verify Error Recovery Parameters
1
08
Caching Parameters
1
0A
Control Mode Page
1
0C
Notch Parameters
1
19
Port Control Page
1
1A
Power Control Parameters
1
1C
Informational Exceptions Control
1
Figure 86. Page Code Usage
The page length field specifies the length in bytes of the mode parameters that follow. If the initiator does
not set this value to the value that is returned for the page by the MODE SENSE command, the drive will
terminate the command with CHECK CONDITION status.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
84
8.8.2 Mode Page 0 (Vendor Unique Parameters)
Bit
Byte
Default
7
0
PS
6
5
RSVD=0
3
QPE
SSM
Ignored
UAI
ASDPE Ignored CMDAC
1
0
80h
MRG
0Eh
Ignored
Ignored
RRNDE
ARHES
11h
[CPE]
21h
Ignored
5
Ignored
IGRA
FDD
AVERP
00h
Ignored
Ignored
7
8
2
Page Length = 0Eh
4
6
3
Page Code = 00h
1
2
4
CAEN Ignored
12h
QM
00h
ECRC
Ignored
Ignored
Ignore [ADC]
9
Ignored
00h
LED Mode
40h
Temperature
00h
10
Command Aging Limit (Hi byte)
00h
11
Command Aging Limit (Low byte)
30h
12
QPE Read Threshold
0Ah
13
QPE Write Threshold
0Ah
14
15
DRRT
Ignored
Ignored
FCERT
FFMT
Ignored
Ignored
HADR
IRT
00h
IVR
00h
Figure 87. Vendor Unique Parameters - Page 0
Parameters in [] such as [CPE] are ignored. Ignored parameters can take any value. Reserved (RSVD)
parameters should be set to zero.
Fields marked in the table as 'Ignored' are not used or checked by the drive. They will be initialized to zero
but may be set as desired for compatibility with older drives.
! QPE (Qualify Post Error) of one causes the drive to report only those recovered data errors which
exceed the QPE Read/Write Threshold. If QPE is set to one, IRT and IVR should be set to zero. QPE
of zero causes the drive to report all recovered data errors.
! SSM (Synchronous Select Mode) of one enables the drive to initiate an SDTR message and a WDTR
message the first time a LUN is selected with Attention and is in asynchronous mode or narrow mode
if Enable TI-SDTR jumper is not installed. If Enable TI-SDTR jumper is installed, this bit is ignored.
! UAI (Unit Attention Inhibit) is ignored when the UAI jumper is removed from the drive. If the UAI
jumper is added to the drive, then this bit controls the generation of unit attention conditions.
! MRG (Merge G-List into P-List) of one enables the merging the Grown Defect List (G-List) entries into
the Primary Defect List (P-List) during FORMAT UNIT command.
! ARHES (Automatic Reassign Hard Error Sites) of one causes the LBA of a unrecovered read error
internally registered as a reassign candidate and, when a WRITE command is received to the failing
LBA, the data is written and verified if the error still exists. If the error still occurs on the failing LBA, it
will be reassigned. If the error is cleared, the drive will remove the reassign candidate for the LBA.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
85
ARHES of zero indicates the drive will not perform ARHES operation. ARRE and AWRE (Mode
Page 1) do not affect ARHES operation and ARHES works independently.
! ASDPE (Additional Save Data Pointer Enable) is used to control the sending of additional save data
pointers messages. When it is set to one, it will cause a SAVE DATA POINTER message to be sent
on every disconnection. This bit is only used by the drive after the Default Mode parameter values are
overridden with the Saved values which are read from the reserved area of the media as a part of the
motor startup sequence. Before the Saved values are read from the reserved area of the media, the
SAVE DATA POINTER message is always sent to the Initiator prior to disconnection. When ASDPE is
set to zero, a SAVE DATA POINTER message is sent only if the current connection contained a data
phase and a further data phase will be required to complete the command.
! CMDAC (Command Active) works in conjunction with LED Mode. See LED Mode.
! RRNDE (Report Recovered Non Data Errors) controls the reporting of recovered non data errors
(write soft errors) when PER (Mode Page 1) bit is set to one. If RRNDE is set to one, recovered non
data errors are reported. If RRNDE bit is set to zero, recovered non data errors are not reported.
! CPE (Concurrent Processing Enable) is ignored.
! FDD (Format Degraded Disable) of one prevents the drive from reporting Format Degraded. An FDD
of zero indicates that Format Degraded is reported for the TEST UNIT READY command and causes
media access commands such as READ to report a media error if degraded.
! CAEN (Command Aging Enabled) of one causes the Command Aging Limit timer to be used to avoid
commands waiting in the command queue for an indefinite period. When commands have been in the
queue for a period of time greater than Command Aging Limit, they will be reordered to be executed
on a first come first served basis. When CAEN is set to zero, commands are always executed based
on the queue reordering rules.
! IGRA (Ignore Reassigned LBA) of one prevents the drive from processing reassigned LBA when RC
(Mode Page 1) is set to one. The main purpose of IGRA is to avoid undesirable delay in read
operation due to reassigned LBA for Audio Visual application. IGRA of zero enables the drive to
process reassigned LBA even if RC (Mode Page 1) is to one.
! AVERP (AV ERP Mode) determines if Recovery Time Limit (RTL, Mode Page 1 and 7) is a command
timer (AVERP is one) or an ERP timer (AVERP is zero). When AVERP is set to one, the RTL timer
starts when a command is picked up from the command queue, and the timer is running until the command completion or time out. For compatibility with earlier products, when AVERP is set to one, Read
Retry Count and Write Retry Count (Mode Page 1) specify the maximum retry counts for ERP regardless of ECRC. When AVERP is set to zero, the RTL timer runs only during ERP.
! ECRC (Enable Changing of Retry Count) of one enable Read Retry Count and Write Retry Count
(Mode Page 1) as the maximum retry counts for ERP. ECRC of zero specifies that the drive performs
all ERP steps when Read Retry Count and Write Retry Count are set to a non-zero value.
! ADC (Adaptive Cache Enable is ignored.
! HADR (Hide ADR) of one hides G-List entries by Auto Defect Reallocation (ADR) from READ
DEFECT DATA.
! LED Mode controls the behavior of LED. There are 4 types of LED behavior.
Motor Active: LED is turned on when spindle motor is running.
Command Active: LED is turned on a command is under process or in the queue.
Degraded Mode: LED stays on when the drive enters the Degraded Mode.
Command Active/Degraded Mode: LED is turned on for both cases.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
86
- LED Mode = 0h: CMDAC determines the behavior of LED.
CMDAC is one: Command Active
CMDAC is zero: Motor Active
- LED Mode = 1h: Motor Active
- LED Mode = 2h: Command Active
- LED Mode = 3h: Degraded Mode
- LED Mode = 4h: Command Active/Degraded Mode
- LED Mode = other: Motor Active
! Temperature Threshold specifies the threshold value in degrees Celsius for the SMART warning for
temperature. A value of 0 selects the default value (85 degrees Celsius).
! Command Aging Limit controls the maximum time that a command should wait in the command
queue when the CAEN bit is set. Each unit of this timer is 50 ms.
! QPE Read Threshold specifies the additional ERP steps in addition to the default ERP steps before
reporting recovered errors for read operations when QPE and PER (Mode Page 1) are set to one. The
verify operations also use QPE Read Threshold.
! QPE Write Threshold specifies the additional ERP steps in addition to the default ERP steps before
reporting recovered errors for write operations when QPE, PER (Mode Page 1) and RRNDE are set to
one.
! DRRT (Disable Restore Reassign Target) of one disables the reading and restoration of the drive LBA
during a REASSIGN BLOCKS command. If DRRT is zero, the REASSIGN BLOCKS command attempts to restore the drive LBAs data for reassignment. If the data cannot be restored, a data pattern
of all 00's is used.
! FFMT (Fast Format Enable) of one allows the formatting of the drive without writing to the customer
data area. All format operations are allowed including changing block sizes and manipulating defects.
Fast Format operation assumes an data initialization is done later. Read operation without the data
initialization may cause unrecoverable read errors.
! FCERT (Format Certification) of one specifies the certification will be performed during a FORMAT
UNIT command. A FCERT of zero disables the certification.
! IRT (Integration Reassign Threshold) of one specifies the use of lower thresholds for reporting recovered errors and auto reallocation for READ and WRITE commands for the manufacturing test phase
of system. When IRT is set to zero, the default thresholds are used.
! IVR (Integration Verify Recovery) of one specifies the use of lower thresholds for reporting recovered
errors for VERIFY commands for the manufacturing test phase of system. When IVR is set to zero,
the default threshold is used.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
87
8.8.3 Mode Page 1 (Read/Write Error Recovery Parameters)
Bit
Byte
Default
7
0
PS
1
2
6
5
4
RSVD=0
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 01h
81h
Page Length = 0Ah
AWRE
ARRE
TB
RC
0Ah
EER=0
PER
DTE
DCR
C0h
3
Read Retry Count
01h
4
Correction Span (Ignored)
00h
5
Head Offset Count (Ignored)
00h
6
Data Strobe Offset Count
00h
7
Reserved
00h
8
Write Retry Count
01h
9
Reserved
00h
10
(Ignored)
(MSB)
00h
Recovery Time Limit
11
(LSB)
00h
Figure 88. Mode Page 1 (Vendor Unique Parameters )
The Read-Write recovery parameters that will be used during any command that performs a read or write
operation to the medium are as follows:
! AWRE (Automatic Write Reallocation Enabled) of one indicates that the drive performs automatic reallocation of defective data blocks during write operations. AWRE of zero indicates that the drive will
not perform automatic reallocation of defective data blocks during write operations.
! ARRE (Automatic Read Reallocation Enabled) of one indicates that the drive performs automatic reallocation of defective data blocks during read operations. ARRE of zero indicates that the drive will
not perform automatic reallocation of defective data blocks during read operations.
! TB (Transfer Block) of one indicates that a data block that is not recovered by ERP is transferred to
the initiator before CHECK CONDITION status is returned. TB of zero indicates that such a data block
will not be transferred to the initiator. Data blocks that can be recovered are always transferred
regardless of the value of TB.
! RC (Read Continuous) of one requests the drive to transfer the entire requested length of data without
adding delays which would increase or ensure data integrity. This implies that the drive may send
erroneous data. This bit has priority over all other error control bits (PER, DTE, DCR, TB). RC of zero
indicates normal interpretation of PER, DTE, DCR, and TB values. The RC setting is used by the drive
when reporting errors associated with the transfer of the Initiator's data for READ (6) and READ (10)
commands:
Note: The drive implementation of the RC option is to disable error detection of the data fields but
continue normal error detection and recovery for errors occurring in the servo field. If a servo field
failure occurs, normal ERP steps are taken which result in considerable recovery action.
! EER (Enable Early Recovery) must be set to zero, indicating that the drive uses ERP that minimizes
the risk of misdetection or miscorrection during the data transfer.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
88
! PER (Post Error) of one indicates that the drive reports recovered errors. PER of zero disables the
reporting of recovered errors.
! DTE (Disable Transfer on Error) is ignored, but it must be set to zero if PER is set to zero.
! DCR (Disable Correction) of one indicates that the off-line ECC correction is not used for data error
recovery. A DCR of zero indicates that the off-line ECC correction is used.
! Read Retry Count sets a limit on the ERP steps in which the drive attempts to recover read errors. A
value of zero disables all ERP. When ECRC (Mode Page 0) is set to zero, a value of non-zero
enables all ERP steps. When ECRC is one, the value in Read Retry Count sets the maximum steps of
ERP.
! Correction Span is ignored, and the drive always uses its maximum correction capabilities.
! Head Offset Count is ignored.
! Write Retry Count sets a limit on the ERP steps in which the drive attempts to recover write errors. A
value of zero disables all ERP. When ECRC (Mode Page 0) is set to zero, a value of non-zero
enables all ERP steps. When ECRC is one, the value in Write Retry Count sets the maximum steps of
ERP.
! Recovery Time Limit is a timer for the maximum command execution time (AVERP is set to one,
Mode Page 0) or the maximum accumulated ERP time (AVERP is zero). The unit of timer value is
1 ms which must be from 40 ms to 65535 ms (65.5 seconds). If time out occurs, a CHECK
CONDITION will be returned.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
89
The following summarizes valid modes of operation. If an illegal mode is set, the MODE SELECT command will complete successfully but the action of the drive when an error occurs is undefined.
PER DTE DCR TB DESCRIPTION
0
0
0
0
Retries and Error Correction are attempted. Recovered and/or corrected data (if
any) are transferred with no CHECK CONDITION status at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks
containing recovered errors.
hard err Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is not transferred to the initiator. The drive then
creates the CHECK CONDITION status with the appropriate Sense Key.
0
0
0
1
Retries and Error Correction are attempted. Recovered and/or corrected data (if
any) are transferred with no CHECK CONDITION status at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks
containing recovered errors.
hard err Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is transferred to the initiator. The drive then creates
the CHECK CONDITION status with the appropriate Sense Key.
0
0
1
0
Retries are attempted but no error correction (ECC) is applied. Recovered data (if
any) are transferred with no CHECK CONDITION status at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks
containing recovered errors.
hard err Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is transferred to the initiator. The drive then creates
the CHECK CONDITION status with the appropriate Sense Key.
0
0
1
1
Retries are attempted but no error correction (ECC) is applied. Recovered data (if
any) are transferred with no CHECK CONDITION status at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks
containing recovered errors.
hard err Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is transferred to the initiator. The drive then creates
the CHECK CONDITION status with the appropriate Sense Key.
0
1
0
0
Illegal Request-DTE must be zero when PER is zero
0
1
0
1
Illegal Request-DTE must be zero when PER is zero
0
1
1
0
Illegal Request-DTE must be zero when PER is zero
0
1
1
1
Illegal Request-DTE must be zero when PER is zero
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
90
1
0/1
0
0
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries and error correction
are attempted. Recovered and/or corrected data (if any) are transferred with
CHECK CONDITION status and RECOVERED ERROR Sense Key set at the end
of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks containing recovered errors. The information byte in the sense data will
contain the logical block address of the last recovered error.
hard err Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is not transferred to the initiator. The drive then creates the CHECK CONDITION status with the appropriate Sense Key.
1
0/1
0
1
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries and error correction
are attempted. Recovered and/or corrected data (if any) are transferred with
CHECK CONDITION status and RECOVERED ERROR Sense Key set at the end
of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks
containing recovered errors. The information byte in the sense data will
contain the logical block address of the last recovered error.
hard err Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is transferred to the initiator. The drive then creates
the CHECK CONDITION status with the appropriate Sense Key.
1
0/1
1
0
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries are attempted but
ECC is not applied. Recovered and/or corrected data (if any) are transferred with
CHECK CONDITION status and RECOVERED ERROR Sense Key set at the end
of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks
containing recovered errors. The information byte in the sense data will
contain the logical block address of the last recovered error.
hard err Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The unrecoverable block is not transferred to the initiator. The drive then creates
the CHECK CONDITION status with the appropriate Sense Key.
1
0/1
1
1
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries are attempted but
ECC is not applied. Recovered and/or corrected data (if any) are transferred with
CHECK CONDITION status and RECOVERED ERROR sense key set at the end
of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks
containing recovered errors. The information byte in the sense data will
contain the logical block address of the last recovered error.
hard err Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is transferred to the initiator. The drive then creates
the CHECK CONDITION status with the appropriate sense key.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
91
8.8.4 Mode Page 2 (Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters)
Bit
Byte
Default
7
0
PS
6
RSVD=0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 02h
82h
1
Page Length = 0Eh
0Eh
2
Read Buffer Full Ratio
00h
3
Write Buffer Empty Ratio
00h
4-5
6-7
8-9
10-11
12
13-15
(MSB)
(MSB)
(MSB)
(MSB)
Bus Inactivity Limit = 0
(LSB)
00h
00h
(LSB)
00h
00h
(LSB)
00h
00h
(LSB)
00h
00h
Disconnect Time Limit = 0
Connect Time Limit = 0
Maximum Burst Size
Fair arbitration
DIMM
RSVD
DTDC
Reserved = 0
70h
00h
00h
00h
Figure 89. Mode Page 2 (Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters )
The disconnect/reconnect page provides the initiator with the means to tune the performance of the SCSI
bus.
An initiator may use the IDENTIFY message to grant the drive the general privilege of disconnecting. (Disconnect requests may still be selectively rejected by the initiator by issuing a MESSAGE REJECT).
The drive uses the disconnect/reconnect parameters to control reconnection during READ, WRITE, and
WRITE AND VERIFY commands.
! Read Buffer Full Ratio is the numerator of a fraction whose denominator is 256. The fraction indicates how full the drive data buffer should be before attempting to reconnect to the SCSI bus. If the
ratio is set to 0h, the drive will calculate and use an optimal ratio based on the negotiated transfer rate.
! Write Buffer Empty Ratio is the numerator of a fraction whose denominator is 256. The fraction
indicates how empty the drive data buffer should be before attempting to reconnect to the SCSI bus. If
the ratio is set to 0h, the drive will calculate and use an optimal ratio based on the negotiated transfer
rate.
! Maximum Burst Size is the maximum amount of data that the drive transfers during a data phase
before disconnecting if the Initiator has granted the disconnect privilege. This value is expressed in
increments of single block size (for example, a value of 0001h means 512 bytes, 0002h means 1024
bytes when the block size is 512 bytes). Disconnections attempted by the drive are on block boundaries only. For the case when (Maximum Burst Size x Block Size) is less than the Block Length, the
drive will transfer 1 block of data before attempting to disconnect. Value of 0000h indicates there is no
limit on the amount of data transferred per connection. Regardless of the value in Maximum Burst
Size the drive disconnects prior to completion of the data phase if the internal data buffer segment
becomes empty during a Read command or full during a Write command.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
92
! DIMM (Disconnect Immediate) of one indicates that the drive is required to disconnect after receiving
a command prior to starting a data phase. A DIMM of zero indicates that the drive may transfer data
for a command immediately after receiving it without disconnecting. Whether or not the drive does so
depends upon the workload and the settings of the other parameters in this mode page.
Note: Priority commands do not disconnect from the SCSI bus.
! DTDC (Data Transfer Disconnect Control) field defines further restrictions for when a disconnect is
permitted.
- A value of 00b indicates that DTDC is not used by the drive and the disconnect is controlled by the
other fields in this page.
- A value of 01b indicates that the drive shall not attempt to disconnect when the data transfer of a
command has started until all data which the command is to transfer has been transferred. The
connect time limit and bus inactivity limit are ignored during the data transfer.
- The value 10b is reserved.
- A value of 11b indicates that the drive shall not attempt to disconnect when the data transfer of a
command has started until the command is complete. The connect time limit and bus inactivity limit
are ignored when data transfer has started.
Note: If DTDC is nonzero and the maximum burst size is nonzero, a CHECK CONDITION status will
be returned. The sense key shall be set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code set to
ILLEGAL FIELD IN PARAMETER LIST.
! Fair arbitration If the Fair arbitration filed is set to 000b, the drive shall not use arbitration fairness
during normal arbitration. If this field is set to a nonzero value, the drive shall use arbitration fairness
during normal arbitration.
Both the Read Buffer Full Ratio and the Write Buffer Empty Ratio pertain to the current active notch. For
each active notch as defined in page 0Ch there are separate Read Buffer Full Ratios and Write Buffer
Empty Ratios. When the active notch is set to zero, the values are applied in mode page 0Ch across all
notches.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
93
8.8.5 Mode Page 3 (Format Device Parameters)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
RSVD=
PS = 0
0
1
2
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 03h
Page Length = 16h
(MSB
Tracks per Zone
(LSB)
3
4
(MSB)
Alternate Sectors per Zone = 0
(LSB)
5
6
(MSB)
Alternate Tracks per Zone = 0
(LSB)
7
8
(MSB)
Alternate Tracks per Logical Unit = 0
(LSB)
9
10
(MSB)
Sectors Per Track
(LSB)
11
12
(MSB)
Data Bytes per Physical Sector
(LSB)
13
14
(MSB)
Interleave = 1
(LSB)
15
16
(MSB)
Track Skew Factor
(LSB)
17
18
(MSB)
Cylinder Skew Factor
(LSB)
19
20
21-23
SSEC=0 HSEC=0 RMB=0 SURF=0
RESERVED
RESERVED
Figure 90. Mode Page 3 (Format Device Parameters)
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
94
The format device page contains parameters which specify the medium format. This page contains no
changeable parameters.
! Tracks per Zone specifies the number of tracks within the zone. This field is a function of the active
notch.
A value of 0 in the following parameters indicates that they are drive specific.
Alternate Sectors per Zone
Alternate Tracks per Zone
Alternate Tracks per Logical Unit
! Sectors per Track specifies the number of physical sectors within each track. This field is a function
of the active notch.
! Data Bytes per Physical Sector specifies the number of user data bytes per physical sector. The
value depends upon the current formatted block length.
! Track Skew Factor indicates the number of physical sectors between the last block of one track and
the first block on the next sequential track of the same cylinder. This field is a function of the active
notch.
! Cylinder Skew Factor indicates the number of physical sectors between the last block of one cylinder
and the first block on the next sequential cylinder. This field is a function of the active notch.
! SSEC of zero indicates that the drive does not support soft sector formatting.
! HSEC of one indicates that the drive supports hard sector formatting.
! RMB of zero indicates that the media does not support a removable fixed disk.
! SURF of zero indicates that progressive addresses are assigned to all logical blocks in a cylinder prior
to allocating addresses within the next cylinder.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
95
8.8.6 Mode Page 4 (Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
RSVD= 0
1
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 04h
Page Length = 16h
(MSB)
2-4
Number of Cylinders
(LSB)
5
Number of heads
(MSB)
Starting Cylinder Write Precompensation = 0
6-8
(LSB)
(MSB)
Starting Cylinder Reduced Write Current = 0
9-11
(LSB)
(MSB)
12-13
Drive Step Rate (Not used)
(LSB)
(MSB)
14-16
Landing Zone Cylinder (Not used)
(LSB)
17
RESERVED
RPL = 0
18
Rotational Offset = 00 (Not used)
19
RESERVED
(MSB)
20-21
Medium Rotation Rate in RPM
(LSB)
22-23
RESERVED
Figure 91. Mode Page 4 (Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters)
The rigid disk drive geometric page specifies various parameters for the drive.
! RPL = 0 indicates that the drive does not support spindle synchronization.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
96
8.8.7 Mode Page 7 (Verify Error Recovery Parameters)
Bit
Byte
Default
7
0
PS
6
5
RSVD=0
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 07h
87h
1
Page Length = 0Ah
2
Reserved
3
Verify Retry Count
01h
4
Correction Span (Ignored)
00h
5
Reserved
00h
6
Reserved
00h
7
Reserved
00h
8
Reserved
00h
9
Reserved
00h
10
0Ah
EER=0
PER
DTE=0
DCR
00h
00h
(MSB)
Verify Recovery Time Limit
(LSB)
11
00h
Figure 92. Mode Page 7 (Verify Error Recovery Parameters)
The Verify recovery parameters are used for VERIFY command and verify potion of WRITE AND VERIFY
command.
PER, DTE, and DCR settings in page 7 override those of page 1 during VERIFY and verify portion of
WRITE AND VERIFY commands.
! PER. See below for description of bit values.
! DTE must be zero since the drive always continues on recovered verify operation errors.
! DCR. See below for description of bit values.
There are only four valid conditions for the PER, DTE, and DCR bits. All other combinations return
CHECK CONDITION status.
PER DTE DCR
DESCRIPTION
0
0
0
Soft errors are not reported. ECC is applied to recover the data.
1
0
0
Soft errors are reported. ECC is applied to recover the data.
0
0
1
Soft errors are not reported. ECC is not used to recover the data.
1
0
1
Soft errors are reported. ECC is not used to recover the data.
! Verify Retry Count sets a limit on the amount of ERP steps the drive attempts when recovering
errors during processing of VERIFY or WRITE AND VERIFY command. A value of 0 disables all
recovery. A values of 1 enables all steps of ERP. Only the values of 0 and 1 are valid.
! Verify Correction Span is ignored.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
97
! Verify Recovery Time Limit is a timer for the maximum command execution time (AVERP is set to
one, Mode Page 0) or the maximum accumulated ERP time (AVERP is zero). The unit of timer value
is 1 ms which must be from 40 ms to 65535 ms (65.5 seconds). If time out occurs, a CHECK
CONDITION will be returned.
8.8.8 Mode Page 8 (Caching Parameters)
Bit
Byte
Default
7
0
PS
1
2
6
5
4
RSVD=0
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 08h
88h
Page Length = 12h
[IC]
12h
[ABPF] [CAP] [DISC]
WCE
[MF]
RCD
04h
Write Retention Priority
(ignored)
00h
4-5
Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length (ignored)
FFh
FFh
6-7
Minimum Pre-fetch (ignored)
00h
00h
8-9
Maximum Pre-fetch (ignored)
FFh
FFh
Maximum Pre-fetch Ceiling (ignored)
FFh
FFh
3
Demand Read Retention
Priority (ignored)
SIZE
10-11
12
[FSW]
13
14-15
DRA
Reserved
00h
Number of Cache Segments
(MSB)
1Ah
Cache Segment Size
(LSB)
16
17-19
LBCSS
Reserved
(MSB)
00h
00h
00h
Non Cache Segment Size (ignored)
(LSB)
000000h
Figure 93. Page 8 (Caching Parameters)
The caching parameters page defines parameters that affect the use of the cache.
! IC (Initiator Control) is ignored. The drive will always use the Number of Cache Segments or Cache
Segment Size fields.
! ABPF (Abort Pre-Fetch) is ignored.
! CAP (Caching Analysis Permitted) is ignored.
! DISC (Discontinuity) is ignored.
! SIZE (Size Enable) of one indicates that the Cache Segment Size is used to control caching segmentation. When SIZE is set to zero, the Number of Cache Segments is used.
! WCE (Write Cache Enable) of one indicates that the drive may issue GOOD status for a WRITE
command after successfully storing the data to a cache segment. When WCE is set to one, the drive
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
98
operates as if AWRE (Mode Page 1) is set to one. When WCE is set to zero indicates that the drive
issues GOOD status for a WRITE command only after successfully writing the data to the media.
Note: When WCE is set to one, a SYNCHRONIZE CACHE command must be issued to write the data
in cache segments to be written to the media before powering down the drive.
! MF (Multiplication Factor) is ignored.
! RCD (Read Cache Disable) of one indicates that the drive does not use the data in the cache
segments for a READ command. RCD of zero indicates that the drive may return some or all of the
data from cache segments for READ.
! Demand Read Retention Priority is ignored.
! Write Retention Priority is ignored but must be 0h, 1h, or Fh.
! Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length is ignored.
! Minimum Pre-fetch is ignored.
! Maximum Pre-fetch is ignored.
! Maximum Pre-fetch ceiling is ignored.
! FSW (Force Sequential Write) is ignored.
! LBCSS (Logical Block Cache Segment Size) of one indicates that the unit of Cache Segment Size is
logical block. When LBCSS is set to zero, the units is byte.
! DRA (Disable Read Ahead) of one requests that the drive not read into the buffer any logical block
beyond the addressed logical block. When DRA is set at zero, the drive may continue to read logical
blocks into the buffer beyond the addressed logical block.
! Number of Cache Segments is used to select the number of cache segments. This field is valid only
when SIZE is set at zero. It is ignored when SIZE is set to one. The drive supports a value of 1 to 255
as the number of Cache Segment.
! Cache Segment Size is the requested cache segment size in byte or logical block, depending upon
LBCSS. Cache Segment Size is valid only when SIZE is set to one.
! Non Cache Segment Size is ignored.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
99
8.8.9 Mode Page A (Control Mode Page Parameters)
Bit
Byte
Default
7
0
PS
6
3
4
8-9
10-11
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 0Ah
8Ah
Page Length = 0Ah
TST=000b
Reserved
Queue Algorithm Modifier
EECA=0
RSVD=0
Reserved = 0
5
6-7
4
RSVD=0
1
2
5
0Ah
GLSTD=0 RLEC=0
QErr
RAENP
= 0
DQue
00h
UAAENP EAENP
= 0
= 0
00h
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
00h
Ready AEN Holdoff Period
(LSB)
(MSB)
Busy Timeout Period
(LSB)
(MSB)
00h
Extended Self-test Routine
Completion Time
(LSB)
00h
00h
---
Figure 94. Page A (Control Mode Page Parameters)
The control parameters defines parameters for several SCSI features.
! Task Set Type (TST) specifies the type of task set. The drive supports the value of 000b, task set per
logical unit for all initiators.
! Queue algorithm modifier specifies restrictions on the algorithm used for reordering commands that
are tagged with the SIMPLE message.
0h : Restricted reordering. The drive reorders the actual execution sequence of the queued
commands from each initiator such that data integrity is maintained for that initiator.
1h : Unrestricted reordering allowed. The drive may reorder the actual execution sequence of the
queued commands in any manner it selects. Any data integrity exposures related to command
sequence order are explicitly handled by the initiator through the selection of appropriate commands
and queue tag messages.
2h-7h : RESERVED.
8 : Command reordering is disabled
9-Fh : RESERVED
QErr (Queue Error Management) specifies how the drive shall handle blocked tasks when another
task receives a CHECK CONDITION status.
0h : The drive suspends execution of queued and active commands from any Initiator which receives
a CHECK CONDITION status until pending sense data is cleared. Those commands still queued after
the drive has returned CHECK CONDITION status, continue execution in a normal manner when the
pending status is cleared.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
100
1h : All active commands and all queued commands from all initiators are aborted when the drive
returns the CHECK CONDITION status. A unit attention condition will be generated for each initiator
which had commands in the queue except for the initiator that received the CHECK CONDITION
status. The sense key will be set to UNIT ATTENTION and the additional sense code will be set to
COMMANDS CLEARED BY ANOTHER INITIATOR.
2h : RESERVED
3h : All active commands and all queued commands from the initiator to which CHECK CONDITION
status is sent are aborted when the drive returns the CHECK CONDITION status.
! DQue (Disable Queuing) of one specifies that tagged queuing is disabled. Any queue commands for
that I_T_L nexus is aborted. Any subsequent queue tag message received is rejected with a
MESSAGE REJECT message and I/O process is executed as an untagged command. A DQue of
zero specifies that tagged queuing is enabled.
! Ready AEN Holdoff Period is ignored.
! Busy Timeout Period is ignored.
! Extended Self-test Routine Completion Time is the time in seconds that the drive requires to complete self-test when the drive is not interrupted by an initiator and no errors occur during execution of
the self-test.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
101
8.8.10 Mode Page 0C (Notch Parameters)
Bit
Byte
7
0
PS =
1
1
2
ND
= 1
RSVD=
0
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 0Ch
LPN =
0
RSVD = 0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Maximum Number of Notches = 011h
(LSB)
5
6
5
Page Length = 16h
3
4
6
(MSB)
Active Notch
7
(LSB)
8
|
11
(MSB)
12
|
15
(MSB)
16
|
23
(MSB)
Starting Boundary
(LSB)
Ending Boundary
(LSB)
Pages Notched =
000000000000100Ch
(LSB)
Figure 95. Page 0C (Notch Parameters)
The notch page contains parameters for variable number of blocks per cylinder. Each section of the logical
unit with a different number of blocks per cylinder is referred as a notch. The only field that is changeable
is Active Notch field.
! ND of one means that the drive is a notched drive.
! LPN of zero means that the notches are based upon physical parameters of the drive (cylinder #), not
logical parameters.
! Maximum Number of Notches is the number of notches the drive can support.
! Active Notch indicates to which notch subsequent MODE SELECT/SENSE command parameters
pertain. A value of 0 is used for parameter values which apply to all notches. Values from 1 to the
maximum value depending on the model specify the notch number, where notch 1 is the outermost
notch. The following mode parameters are based on the current active notch:
Mode Page 2
- Read Buffer Full Ratio
- Write Buffer Empty Ratio
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
102
Mode Page 3
- Alternate Sector per Zone
- Alternate Track per Zone
- Alternate Track per Logical Unit
- Sector per Track
- Track Skew Factor
- Cylinder Skew Factor
! Starting Boundary contains the first physical location of the active notch. The first three bytes are the
cylinder number and the last byte is the head. The value sent in this field is ignored.
! Ending Boundary contains the last physical location of the active notch. The first three bytes are the
cylinder number and the last byte is the head. The value sent in this field is ignored.
! Pages Notched is a bit map of the mode page codes that indicates which pages contain parameters
that may be different for different notches. The most significant bit of this field corresponds to page
code 3Fh and the least significant bit corresponds to page code 00h. If a bit is one, the corresponding
mode page contains parameters that may be different for different notches. If a bit is zero, the
corresponding mode page contains parameters that are constant for all notches.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
103
8.8.11 Mode Page 19 (Port Control)
8.8.11.1 Short Format of Port Control Page
Bit
Byte
Default
7
0
PS
6
5
4
Long=0
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 019h
99h
1
Page Length = 06h
06h
2
Reserved
00h
3
Reserved
4
|
5
Protocol identifier = 1
(MSB)
Synchronous transfer timeout
(LSB)
01h
00h
|
00h
6
Reserved
00h
7
Reserved
00h
Figure 96. Page 19 (Port Control parameters) Short format
The drive maintains an independent set of port control mode page parameters for each SCSI initiator port.
! Protocol identifier has a value of 1h to indicate SPI SCSI devices.
! Synchronous Transfer Timeout indicates the maximum amount that the drive waits before generating an error by doing an unexpected bus free (see Section 10.3, "Unit Attention" on page 190). The
unit of time is 1 ms. The drive only goes to a BUS FREE phase if one of the following events causes
the timer when started to not reset or reload before expiring.
- If there is a REQ transition when there are no outstanding REQs waiting for an ACK, load and start
the timer.
- If there is a REQ transition when there are any outstanding REQs waiting for an ACK, there is no
effect on the timer.
- If there is an ACK transition when there are outstanding REQs waiting for an ACK, load and start
the timer.
- If after an ACK transition there are no outstanding REQs waiting for an ACK, stop the timer.
A value of 0000h in Synchronous Transfer Timeout indicates that the function is disabled. A value of
FFFFh indicates an unlimited period.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
104
8.8.11.2 Long Format of Port Control Page
Bit
Byte
Default
7
0
PS
6
5
4
Long=1
6
1
0
39h
Subpage code
(MSB)
Page Length (n–3)
(LSB)
4
5
2
Page Code = 019h
1
2
|
3
3
Reserved
Reserved
Protocol identifier = 1h
00h
|
00h
00h
01h
Protocol Specific Mode Parameters
n
Figure 97. Page 19 (Port Control Parameters) Long Format
The drive maintains an independent set of port control mode page parameters for each SCSI initiator
port.
! Subpage Code indicates which subpage is being accessed. The drive supporst the following subpage
codes. If the Subpage Code is not supported, the drive returns a CHECK CONDITION status, the
sense key is set to ILLEGAL REQUEST, and the additional sense code is set to ILLEGAL FIELD IN
PARAMETER LIST.
–
01h: Margin Control Subpage
–
02h: Saved Training Configuration Values Subpage
–
03h: Negotiated Settings Subpage
–
04h: Report transfer Capabilities Subpage
! Page Length specifies the length in bytes of the subpage parameters after the Page Length.
! Protocol Identifier has a value of 1h to indicate SPI SCSI devices.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
105
8.8.11.3 Margin Control Subpage
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
RSVD
1
Driver Strength
Reserved
2
Driver Asymmetry
Driver Precompensation
3
Driver Slew Rate
Reserved
4
|
6
Reserved
7
Vendor specific
8
|
15
Reserved
Figure 98. Margin Control Subpage
The margin control subpage contains parameters that set and report margin control values for usage
between the initiator and the drive on subsequent synchronous and paced transfers. MODE SENSE
command returns the current settings for the initiator.
! Driver Strength indicates the relative amount of driver source current used by the driver. The Driver
Strength field affects both the strong and weak drivers. A larger value indicates more driver source
current.
! Driver Precompensation indicates the relative difference between the weak driver and the strong
driver amplitudes when precompensation is enabled. A larger value indicates a larger difference
between the weak and strong amplitudes.
! Driver Asymmetry indicates the relative difference between the amplitudes of asserted and negated
signals launched from the driver. A larger value indicates a relatively stronger asserted signal compared to the negated signal.
! Driver Slew Rate indicates the relative difference between the assertion and negation magnitudes
divided by the rise or fall time. A larger value indicates a faster slew rate.
! Vendor Specific is reserved and should be zero.
The default value of each margin control field should be 0000b.
The margin control fields indicate absolute conditions centered around their default values. The maximum
supported setting for each field is 0111b and the minimum supported setting for each field is 1000b.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
106
8.8.11.4 Saved Training Configuration Values Subpage
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0-3
RSVD
4-7
DB (0) Value
64-67
DB (15) Value
68-71
P_CRCA Value
72-75
P1 Value
76-79
BSY Value
80-83
SEL Value
84-87
RST Value
88-91
REQ Value
92-95
ACK Value
96-99
ATN Value
100-103
C/D Value
104-107
I/O Value
108-111
MSG Value
112-227
RSVD
3
2
1
0
Figure 99. Saved Training Configuration Subpage
The saved training configuration values subpage is used to report the saved training configuration values
of the drive. These vendor specific values are maintained by the drive when the retain training information
option is enabled.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
107
8.8.11.5 Negotiated Settings Subpage
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Transfer Period Factor
1
Reserved
2
REQ/ACK Offset
3
Transfer Width Exponent
4
RSVD
2
1
0
1
2
Protocol Options Bits
5
RSVD
6
Reserved
7
Reserved
Transceiver
Mode
1: Sent PCOMP_EN
2: Received PCOMP_EN
Figure 100. Negotiated Settings Subpage
The negotiated settings subpage is used to report the negotiated settings of the drive for the current I_T
nexus.
! Transfer Period Factor indicates the negotiated Transfer Period Factor.
! REQ/ACK Offset indicates the negotiated REQ/ACK Offset.
! Transfer Width Exponent indicates the negotiated Transfer Width Exponent.
! Protocol Options Bits contain the negotiated protocol options except PCOMP_EN.
! Received PCOMP_EN contains the value of PCOMP_EN received by the drive.
! Send PCOMP_EN contains the value of PCOMP_EN sent by the drive.
! Transceiver Mode specifies the current bus mode of the drive as defined below:
- 00b: Not used
- 01b: Single Ended
- 10b: Low Voltage Differential
- 11b: High Voltage Differential
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
108
8.8.11.6 Report Transfer Capabilities Subpage
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Minimum Transfer Period Factor
1
Reserved
2
Maximum REQ/ACK Offset
3
Maximum Transfer Width
4
Protocol Options Bits Supported
5-7
1
0
Reserved
Figure 101. Report Transfer Capabilities Subpage
The report transfer capabilities subpage is used to report the transfer capabilities of the drive. The values
in this subpage are not changeable via a MODE SELECT command.
! Minimum Transfer Period Factor is set to the smallest value of the Transfer Period Factor supported
by the drive which is 08h.
! Maximum REQ/ACK Offset is set to the largest value of the REQ/ACK Offset supported by the drive
which is 127.
! Maximum Transfer Width Exponent is set to the largest value of the Transfer Width Exponent
supported by the drive which is 01h.
! Protocol Options Bits Supported indicates the protocol options supported by the drive which is FFh.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
109
8.8.12 Mode Page 1A (Power Control Parameters)
Bit
Byte
7
0
RSVD
6
5
RSVD
Page Length = 0Ah
2
Reserved
3
Reserved
(MSB)
8
|
11
(MSB)
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 1Ah
1
4
|
7
4
[Idle] Standby
Idle Condition Timer
(LSB)
Standby Condition Timer
(LSB)
Figure 102. Page 1A (Power Control)
! Idle and Idle Condition Timer are ignored.
! Standby of one indicates that the drive uses Standby Condition Timer to determine the length of
inactivity time to wait before unloading the actuator. Spindle motor is not stopped. Next media access
command load the actuator. Idle time function does not load the actuator. A Standby of zero indicates
that the drive does not unload the actuator.
! Standby Condition Timer specifies the inactivity time in increments of 100 ms. The minimum allowable inactivity time is 60 minutes. Any value less than this is accepted, but will automatically default to
60 minutes.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
110
8.8.13 Mode Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control)
BIT
Default
Byte
7
0
6
PS
5
RSVD=0
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 1Ch
1
2
4
9Ch
Page Length = 0Ah
[PERF]
3
4
RSVD
[EBF]
EWASC
DEXCPT
Reserved
0Ah
TEST
RSVD
[LOGERR]
Method of Reporting
00h
00h
00h
(MSB)
5
00h
Interval Timer
6
00h
(LSB)
7
8
00h
00h
(MSB)
9
00h
Report Count
10
00h
(LSB)
11
00h
Figure 103. Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control)
! LOGERR (Log Errors) is ignored.
! EWASC (Enable Warning ASC) of one enables Temperature Warning (sense key 01h, additional
sense code 0Bh, and additional sense code qualifier 01h) when the temperature reading exceeds
Temperature Threshold (Mode Page 0). The reporting is controlled by DEXCPT and Method of
Reporting. EWASC of zero disables Temperature Warning.
! DEXCPT (Disable Exception Control) of one disables all information exception operations. DEXCPT of
zero enables information exception operations. The reporting of information exception conditions
when DEXCPT bit is set to zero is determined by Method of Reporting.
! TEST of one instructs the drive to generate false information exception at the next interval time, as
determined by Interval Timer if DEXCPT is set to zero. Method of Reporting and Report Count would
also apply. The false drive failure is reported with an additional sense qualifier of FFh. TEST of zero
instructs the drive to stop generating false information exception.
! EBF (Enable Background Function) is ignored.
! PERF (Performance) is ignored.
! Method of Reporting indicates the methods used by the drive to report informational exception
conditions.
Code
Description
0h
No reporting of informational exception condition: This method instructs the drive to
not report informational exception condition.
1h
Asynchronous event reporting: Not supported.
2h
Generate unit attention: This method instructs the drive to report informational exception
conditions by returning a CHECK CONDITION status on any command. The sense key
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
111
is set to UNIT ATTENTION and the additional sense code indicates the cause of the
informational exception condition. The command that has the CHECK CONDITION is not
executed before the informational exception condition is reported.
3h
Conditionally generate recovered error: This method instructs the drive to report
informational exception conditions, if PER (Mode Page 1) is set to one, by returning a
CHECK CONDITION status on any command. The sense key is set to RECOVERED
ERROR and the additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational exception
condition. The command that has the CHECK CONDITION completes without error
before any informational exception condition is reported.
4h
Unconditionally generate recovered error: This method instructs the drive to report
informational exception conditions, regardless of PER (Mode Page 1), by returning a
CHECK CONDITION status on any command. The sense key is set to RECOVERED
ERROR and the additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational exception
condition. The command that has the CHECK CONDITION completes without error before any informational exception condition is reported.
5h
Generate no sense: This method instructs the drive to report informational exception
conditions by returning a CHECK CONDITION status on any command. The sense key is
set to NO SENSE and the additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational
exception condition. The command that has the CHECK CONDITION completes without
error before any informational exception condition is reported.
6h
Only report informational exception condition on request: This method instructs the
drive to preserve the informational exception(s) information. To find out about information
exception conditions the initiator polls the drive by issuing an unsolicited REQUEST
SENSE command. The sense key is set to NO SENSE and the additional sense code
indicates the cause of the informational exception condition.
7h-Fh
Reserved.
! Interval Timer indicates the period in 100 millisecond increments for reporting that an informational
exception condition has occurred. The drive will not report informational exception conditions more
frequently than the time specified by the Interval Timer. After the informational exception condition has
been reported Interval Timer is restarted. A value of zero in interval Timer indicated that the drive only
reports the informational exception condition one time.
! Report Count indicates the number of times the drive reports an informational exception condition.
Report Count of 0 indicates no limits on the number of times the drive reports an informational exception condition..
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
112
8.9 MODE SENSE (10) (5Ah)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
2
5
4
3
Reserved = 0
PCF
RSVD
DBD
0
4
Reserved = 0
5
Reserved = 0
6
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Reserved = 0
Page Code
Subpage Code
9
1
Command Code = 5Ah
3
7-8
2
Allocation Length
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 104. MODE SENSE (10)
The MODE SENSE (10) command provides a means for the drive to report various device parameters to
the initiator. See Section 8.8, "MODE SENSE (6)(1A)" on page 80 for a description of the fields in this
command.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
113
8.10 MODE SELECT (6) (15h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 15h
1
Reserved = 0
PF=1
Reserved = 0
2
3
Reserved = 0
4
Parameter List Length
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
SP
FLAG LINK
Figure 105. MODE SELECT (6)
The MODE SELECT (6) command provides a means for the initiator to specify LUN or device parameters
to the drive. It also allows an Initiator to specify options the drive uses in error recovery and caching.
There is a single set of Mode Page parameters shared by all initiators.
! PF (Page Format) bit value of one indicates that the data sent by the Initiator after the Mode Select
Header and the Block Descriptor, if any, complies to the Page Format. The drive ignores this field
since it accepts only mode parameters in the Page Format.
! SP Pages. This indicates
0
The drive shall not save the pages sent during the DATA OUT phase but will use them for
all following commands until the power is removed, a reset is received, or a new MODE
SELECT command is received.
1
The drive will save the data in the reserved area of the disk. It will be used for all the
following commands until another MODE SELECT command is issued. This information
is maintained over a power cycle or reset of the drive.
! Parameter List Length specifies the number of bytes to be sent from the initiator. A parameter list
length of zero suppresses data transfer and is not considered as an error.
The MODE SELECT parameter list contains a four-byte header which is followed by zero or one block
descriptor followed by zero or more pages. The pages which are valid with this command are defined in
Sections 8.8.2 to 8.8.13 beginning on page 85.
Application Note
The initiator should issue a MODE SENSE command requesting all Changeable values (see PCF field in
byte two of the CDB in Section 8.8, "Mode Sense (6)(1A)" on page 80) prior to issuing a MODE SELECT
command. This is necessary to find out which pages are implemented by the drive and the length of those
pages. In the Pages of the MODE SENSE command the drive will return the number of bytes supported
for each Page. The Page Length set by the initiator in the MODE SELECT command must be same value
as returned by the drive in MODE SENSE Page Length. If not, the drive will return CHECK CONDITION
status with sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST.
Note: If an initiator sends a MODE SELECT command that changes any parameters that apply to other
initiators, the drive generates a unit attention condition for all initiators except for the one that issued the
MODE SELECT command. The drive shall set the additional sense code to PARAMETERS CHANGED
(2Ah).
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
114
8.11 MODE SELECT (10) (55h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
9
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 55h
Reserved = 0
PF=1
2
|
6
7
8
4
Reserved = 0
SP
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Parameter List Length
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 106. MODE SELECT (10)
The MODE SELECT (10) command provides a means for the initiator to specify LUN or device
parameters to the drive. See the MODE SELECT (6) command for a description of the fields in this
command.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
115
8.12 PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5Eh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
4
2
1
0
Command Code = 5Eh
Reserved = 0
Service Action
2
|
6
7
8
3
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
9
Allocation Length
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 107. PERSISTENT RESERVE IN
When the drive receives a PERSISTENT RESERVATION IN command and RESERVE(6) or
RESERVE(10) logical unit is active, the command is rejected with a RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
PERSISTENT RESERVATION IN command does not conflict with a reservation established by the
PERSISTENT RESERVATION OUT command.
8.12.1 Service Action
The drive implements the following service action codes. If a reserved service action code is specified, the
drive returns a CHECK CONDITION status. The sense key is set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the
additional sense data is set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
Code
Name
Descriptions
00h
Read Keys
Reads all registered
Reservation Keys
01h
Read
Reservations
Reads all current
persistent reservations
02h-1Fh
Reserved
Reserved
Figure 108. PERSISTENT RESERVE IN Service Action Codes
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
116
8.12.2 Parameter data for Read Keys
Bit
Byte
7
0
|
3
(MSB)
4
|
7
(MSB)
8
|
15
(MSB)
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Generation
(LSB)
Additional length (n-7)
(LSB)
First reservation key
(LSB)
:
n-7
|
n
(MSB)
Last reservation key
(LSB)
Figure 109. PERSISTENT RESERVE IN parameter data for Read Keys
! Generation is a counter which increments when PERSISTENT RESERVATION OUT command with
“Register” or “Preempt and Clear” completes successfully. Generation is set to 0 as part of the power
on reset process and hard reset process.
8.12.3 Parameter data for Read Reservations
Bit
Byte
7
0
|
3
(MSB)
4
|
7
(MSB)
8
|
n
(MSB)
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Generation
(LSB)
Additional length (n-7)
(LSB)
Reservation descriptors
(LSB)
Figure 110. PERSISTENT RESERVE IN parameter data for Read Reservations
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
117
8.12.4 Parameter data for Read Reservation Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
0
|
7
(MSB)
8
|
11
(MSB)
6
4
3
2
1
0
Reservation key
(LSB)
Scope-specific address
(LSB)
12
Reserved
13
14
|
15
5
Scope
Type
(MSB)
Extent length
(LSB)
Figure 111. PERSISTENT RESERVE IN Read Reservation Descriptor
! Scope-specific address is filled with 0.
! Scope and Type are described in PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command section.
! Extent length is filled with 0.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
118
8.13 PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5Fh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
Reserved = 0
2
1
0
Service Action
Scope
3
4
5
6
9
3
Command Code = 5Fh
2
7
8
4
Type
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Parameter List Length = 18h
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 112. Persistent Reserve Out (5F)
When a drive receives a PERSISTENT RESERVATION OUT command and RESERVE(6) or
RESERVE(10) logical unit is active, the command is rejected with a RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
! Parameter List Length must be 18h. If not, the drive returns CHECK CONDITION status. And the
sense key is set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense data is set to PARAMETER LIST
LENGTH ERROR
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
119
8.13.1 Service Action
The drive implements service action codes as follows. If a code which is not supported or a reserved code
is specified, the drive returns a CHECK CONDITION status. The sense key is set to ILLEGAL REQUEST
and the additional sense data is set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB. In case of PERSISTENT RESERVATION
OUT command executing a Register service action, this field is ignored.
Code
Name
Description
00h
Register
Register a reservation key
with the drive
Yes
01h
Reserve
Create a persistent reservation using a reservation key
Yes
02h
Release
Release a persistent
reservation
Yes
03h
Clear
Clear all reservation keys
and all persistent
reservations
No
04h
Preempt
Preempt persistent reservations from another initiator
No
05h
Preempt and Abort
Preempt persistent reservations from another initiator
and abort the task set for
the preempted initiator
Yes
06h
Register and Ignore
Existing Key
Register a reservation key
with the drive
Yes
Reserved
---
07h - 1Fh Reserved
Support
Figure 113. Persistent Reservation Service Action Code
Register
This service action may conflict with a successfully established persistent reservation.
If the key specified in the Reservation Key field is not registered yet, a key specified in the
Service Action Reservation Key is registered as new key. If the key is already registered but
the initiator which registered the key is different from the initiator requesting the command, the
drive returns RESERVATION CONFLICT status. If the key is already registered and the key is
for the initiator requesting the command, the key is replaced with new key specified in the
Service Action Reservation Key field.
The drive holds up to four keys at the same time. When four keys are already registered,
PERSISTENT RESERVATION OUT command with Register service action which does not
replace an existing key is rejected with RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
When PERSISTENT RESERVATION OUT command with Register service action completes
successfully, the Generation counter is incremented.
When keys are registered, the drive returns RESERVATION CONFLICT status against the
RESERVE command and the RELEASE command.
Reserve
This service action does not conflict with a successfully established persistent reservation.
If the initiator has not previously performed a Register service action, the command with this
service action is rejected with RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
120
If the key specified in the Reservation key field is already registered but the initiator which
registered the key is different from the initiator requesting the command, the drive returns
RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
If persistent reservation that is being attempted conflicts with persistent reservation that is
held, the drive returns a RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
The established persistent reservation applies to all commands received after the successful
completion of the command.
Release
This service action may conflict with a successfully established persistent reservation.
If the initiator requesting the command has not previously performed a Register service action,
the command is rejected with a status of RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
If the key specified in the Reservation key field is already registered but the initiator which
registered the key is different from the initiator requesting the command, the drive returns a
RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
The drive returns GOOD status when a key specified in Reservation key field is not found.
When the key is found but the scope is different from the registered scope or the type is different from the registered type, the command is rejected with CHECK CONDITION status. The
sense key is set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense data is set to INVALID
RELEASE OF ACTIVE PERSISTENT RESERVATION.
Preempt and Abort
This service action does not conflict with a successfully established persistent reservation.
If the initiator requesting the command has not previously performed a Register service action,
the command is rejected with a status of RESERVATION CONFLICT.
If the key specified in the Reservation key field is already registered but the initiator which
registered the key is different from the initiator requesting the command, the drive returns a
RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
Even if the key specified in the Service Action Reservation key field is not registered, the drive
makes new persistent reservation without preempting if it does not conflict with an existing
persistent reservation.
When the key is registered but reservation for the key is nothing yet and the new persistent
reservation does not conflict with an existing persistent reservation, the drive makes new persistent reservation and clears the key and all commands from the initiator which was
registered the key.
When the key specified in the Service Action Reservation Key is cleared even if a reservation
for the key is nothing yet, the drive makes UNIT ATTENTION condition for the initiator which
was registered the key. The sense key is set to UNIT ATTENTION and the additional sense
data is set to RESERVATION PREEMPTED.
When PERSISTENT RESERVATION OUT command with this service action completes
successfully, the Generation counter is incremented.
Register and Ignore Existing Key
This service action does not conflict with a successfully established persistent reservation.
The key specified in the Reservation Key field is ignored, and a key specified in the Service
Action Reservation Key is registered as new key, regardless of whether or not a key has been
already registered.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
121
When PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command with Register and Ignore Existing Key service
action completes successfully, the Generation counter is incremented.
When keys are registered, the drive returns RESERVATION CONFLICT status against the
RESERVE command and the RELEASE command.
8.13.2 Scope
The drive implements scope codes as follows. If a code which is not supported or a reserved code is
specified, the drive returns a CHECK CONDITION status. The sense key is set to ILLEGAL REQUEST
and the additional sense data is set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB. In case of PERSISTENT RESERVATION
OUT command executing a Register service action, this field is ignored.
Code
Name
Description
0h
LU
Persistent reservation applies to
the full logical unit
1h
obsolete
2h
Element
Persistent reservation applies to
the specific element
Reserved
Reserved
3h - Fh
Support
Yes
- - No
---
Figure 114. Persistent Reservation Scope Code
8.13.3 Type
The drive implements type codes as follows. If a code which is not supported or a reserved code is
specified, the drive returns a CHECK CONDITION status. The sense key is set to ILLEGAL REQUEST
and the additional sense code is set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
Code
Name
Support
RD
WR
NWR
Add
Rsv
No
---
---
---
---
Yes
SH
EX
PH
A1
No
---
---
---
---
Yes
EX
EX
PH
A1
No
---
---
---
---
0h
Read Shared
1h
Write Exclusive
2h
Read Exclusive
3h
Exclusive Access
4h
Shared Access
5h
Write Exclusive Registrants
Only
Yes
SH
EO
PH
A2
6h
Exclusive Access
Registrants Only
Yes
EO
EO
PH
A2
Reserved
---
---
---
---
---
7h Fh
Figure 115. Persistent Reservation Type Code
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
122
RD
READ (6) command and READ (10) command
WR
WRITE (6) command and WRITE (10) command
NWR
Commands except the following:
! READ (6) command and READ (10) command
! WRITE (6) command and WRITE (10) command
! RESERVE and RELEASE command
If any key is registered, the drive returns a RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
! PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command and PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command
SH
SHared: The drive executes the command from all initiators.
EX
EXclusive: The drive executes the command from initiator which holds the persistent
reservation and rejects the command from the other initiators with RESERVATION
CONFLICT status.
PH
ProHibited: The drive rejects the command from all initiators.
EO
Exclusive registrant Only: The drive executes the command from initiator which has
registered a key and rejects the command from the other initiators with RESERVATION
CONFLICT status.
A1
The drive rejects new PERSISTENT RESERVATION on any types and returns
RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
A2
The drive accepts new PERSISTENT RESERVATION with Write Exclusive Registrants
Only type and Exclusive Access Registrants Only type. The drive rejects new
PERSISTENT RESERVATION with Write Exclusive type and Exclusive Access type and
returns RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
1
3
5
6
Write Exclusive (1)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Exclusive Access (3)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Write Exclusive Registrants
Only (5)
Yes
Yes
No
No
Exclusive Access Registrants
Only (6)
Yes
Yes
No
No
New Type
Figure 116. Conflict between new and existing PERSISTENT RESERVATION
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
123
8.13.4 Parameter list
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
|
7
(MSB)
8
|
15
(MSB)
16
|
19
(MSB)
5
4
2
1
0
Reservation Key
(LSB)
Service Action Reservation Key
(LSB)
Scope-specific address
(LSB)
20
Reserved
21
Reserved
22
23
3
(MSB)
APTPL
Extent length
(LSB)
Figure 117. PERSISTENT RESERVATION OUT parameter list
8.13.5 Summary
Parameters
Service
Action
(0)
Register
(1)
Reserve
(2)
Release
(5)
Preempt
and Clear
Scope
Type
Rsv
Key
SvcAct
RsvKey
S-spec
addr
Extent
length
APTPL
Generation
counter
ignore
verify
save
ignore
ignore
apply
+ 1
apply
verify
ignore
ignore
ignore
ignore
---
apply
verify
ignore
ignore
ignore
ignore
---
apply
verify
save
ignore
ignore
ignore
+ 1
Figure 118. Service Action and parameters and generation counter
8.13.5.1 Scope, Type
The Scope and the Type are applied in the process for the Reserve, Release, and Preempted and Abort
service action but they are ignored in the process for the Register service action because they are not
used.
8.13.5.2 Reservation Key
The Reservation Key is verified in each service action process. If the initiator which registered a key is
different from the initiator requesting PERSISTENT RESERVATION OUT command, the drive returns a
RESERVATION CONFLICT status.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
124
8.13.5.3 Service Action Reservation Key
On Register service action, the drive saves the key specified in the Service Action Reservation Key field
as a key of initiator requesting PERSISTENT RESERVATION OUT command.
On Preempt and Clear service action, the reservation which has a key specified in the Service Action
Reservation Key field is preempted.
On other service actions, this field is ignored.
8.13.5.4 Scope-specified address
Parameter in the Scope-specified address field is ignored by the drive.
8.13.5.5 Extent length
Parameter in the Extent length field is ignored by the drive.
8.13.5.6 APTPL
The APTPL (Active Persist Through Power Loss) is valid only for the Register service action. The drive
ignores the APTPL in other service actions.
The following table shows the relationship between the last valid APTPL value and information held by the
drive.
The last valid APTPL value
Information
held by the drive
Registration
0
all keys are set to 0
1
retained
Persistent Reservation all are removed
retained
Generation counter
set to 0
set to 0
Figure 119. APTPL and information held by a drive
8.13.5.7 Generation counter
The drive increments the Generation counter when Register service action or Preempt and Abort service
action complete successfully.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
125
8.14 PRE-FETCH (34h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
9
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 34h
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
Immed RelAdr
= 0
= 0
(MSB)
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
7
8
5
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Transfer Length
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 120. Pre-Fetch
The PRE-FETCH command requests the drive to transfer data to the cache. No data is transferred to the
initiator.
! Transfer length specifies the number of contiguous blocks of data that are to be transferred into the
cache. A transfer length of zero indicates that blocks are to be transferred into the cache until the
segment is filled or until here are no more blocks on the media.
! Immed (Immediate) must be zero. An immediate bit of zero indicates that the status shall not be
returned until the operation has completed. If the Immed bit is set to one, the drive returns a CHECK
CONDITION status. The sense key shall be set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code
shall be set to INVALID FIELD in CDB.
! RelAdr (Relative Block Address) is not supported and must be set to zero.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
126
8.15 READ (6) (08h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 08h
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
2
3
Logical Block Address
4
Transfer Length
5
1
LBA
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 121. READ (6)
The READ command requests the drive to transfer the specified number of blocks of data to the initiator
starting at the specified logical block address.
! Logical block address specifies the LBA at which the read operation shall begin.
! Transfer length specifies the number of blocks to be transferred. A value of zero implies 256 blocks
are to be transferred.
Note: Errors are handled by ERP (error recovery procedure). Rep's are controlled by the error recovery
parameters specified by MODE SELECT command.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
127
8.16 READ (10) (28h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
2
|
5
9
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 28h
Reserved = 0
DPO
FUA
Reserved = 0
RelAdr
= 0
(MSB)
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
7
8
5
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Transfer Length
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 122. READ (10)
The READ (10) command requests the drive to transfer data to the initiator. The larger Logical Block
Address and Transfer Length fields permit greater quantities of data to be requested per command than
with the READ (6) command and are required to access the full LBA range of the larger capacity drives.
! Transfer length The number of contiguous blocks to be transferred. If the transfer length is zero, the
seek occurs, but no data is transferred. This condition is not considered an error. If read ahead is
enabled, a read ahead is started after the seek completes.
! DPO A DPO (Disable Page Out) bit of one indicates that the data accessed by this command is to be
assigned the lowest priority for being written into or retained by the cache. A DPO bit of one overrides
any retention priority specified in the MODE SELECT Page 8 Caching Parameters. A DPO bit of zero
indicates the priority is determined by the retention priority. The initiator should set the DPO bit when
the blocks read by this command are not likely to be read again in the near future.
! FUA Force Unit Access. A FUA bit of one indicates that the data is read from the media and not from
the cache. A FUA bit of zero allows the data to be read from either the media or the cache.
! RelAdr Relative Block Address is not supported. Must be set to zero.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
128
8.17 READ BUFFER (ACH)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 3Ch
Reserved = 0
2
Mode
Buffer ID = 0
3
4
5
(MSB)
6
7
8
(MSB)
9
VU = 0
Buffer Offset
(LSB)
Allocation Length
(LSB)
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 123. READ BUFFER
! READ BUFFER command is used in conjunction with the WRITE BUFFER command as a diagnostic
function for testing the memory of the drive and the SCSI bus integrity. This command does not alter
the medium.
The function of this command and the meaning of fields within the command descriptor block depend
on the contents of the mode field:
MODE
Description
0000
Read Combined Header and Data
0010
Data
0011
Descriptor
1010
Read Data from Echo Buffer
1011
Echo Buffer Descriptor
All others
Not supported.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
129
8.17.1 Combined Header And Data (Mode 0000b)
In this mode a four byte header followed by data bytes are returned to the initiator during the DATA IN
phase. The Buffer ID and the buffer offset field are reserved.
The drive terminates the DATA IN phase when allocation length bytes of header plus data have been
transferred or when the header and all available data have been transferred to the initiator, whichever is
less.
The four-byte READ BUFFER header (see figure below) is followed by data bytes from the data buffer of
the drive.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0
1
2
3
RSVD =
(MSB)
3
2
1
0
0
Buffer Capacity
(LSB)
Figure 124. READ BUFFER Header
The buffer capacity specifies the total number of data bytes that are available in the data buffer of the
drive. This number is not reduced to reflect the allocation length nor is it reduced to reflect the actual
number of bytes written using the WRITE BUFFER command.
Following the READ BUFFER header the drive will transfer data from its data buffer.
8.17.2 Read Data (Mode 0010b)
In this mode, the DATA IN phase contains buffer data.
! Buffer ID field must be set to zero, indicating the data transfer buffer. If another value is specified, the
command is terminated with CHECK CONDITION status. The drive shall set sense key to ILLEGAL
REQUEST and additional sense code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN CDB.
! Buffer Offset specifies the offset of the memory space specified by the Buffer ID. The initiator should
conform to the offset boundary requirements returned in the READ BUFFER descriptor. If the value
exceeds the buffer specified, the command is terminated with CHECK CONDITION status. The drive
shall set sense key to ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN CDB.
! Allocation Length The drive terminates the DATA IN phase when allocation length bytes of data
have been transferred or when the header and all available data have been transferred to the initiator,
whichever is less.
8.17.3 Descriptor (Mode 0011b)
In this mode, a maximum of four bytes of READ BUFFER descriptor information are returned. The drive
returns the descriptor information for the buffer specified by the Buffer ID.
! Buffer ID field should normally be set to zero indicating the drive data transfer buffer. If any other
value is specified, the drive returns all zeros in the READ BUFFER descriptor.
! Buffer Offset field is reserved.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
130
! Allocation Length must be set to four or greater. The drive transfers the allocation length or four
bytes of READ BUFFER descriptor, whichever is less. The READ BUFFER descriptor is defined in the
figure below.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
2
3
4
3
2
1
0
Offset Boundary
(MSB)
Buffer Capacity
(LSB)
Figure 125. Read Buffer Descriptor
The value contained in the Buffer Offset field of subsequent WRITE BUFFER and READ BUFFER commands should be a multiple of two to the power of the offset boundary. The offset boundary is always set
to nine, which indicates Sector Boundaries.
8.17.4 Read Data from Echo Buffer (Mode 1010b)
In this mode the drive transfers data from the echo buffer. The echo buffer will transfer the same data as
when the WRITE BUFFER command was issued with the mode field set to echo buffer.
WRITE BUFFER command with the mode field set to echo buffer should be sent prior to the READ
BUFFER command; otherwise the READ BUFFER command will be terminated with Check Condition
ILLEGAL REQUEST.
8.17.5 Echo Buffer Descriptor (Mode 1011b)
In this mode, a maximum of four bytes of READ BUFFER Descriptor information is returned. The drive
returns the descriptor information for the echo buffer. The Buffer Offset field is reserved in this mode and
must be zero. The drive transfers the lesser of the allocation length or four bytes of following Echo Buffer
Descriptor.
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
3
3
Reserved = 0
1
2
4
2
1
0
EBOS=
0
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
(MSB) Buffer Capacity
Buffer Capacity
(LSB)
Figure 126. Echo Buffer Descriptor
! EBOS (Echo Buffer Overwritten Supported) bit of zero indicates that the echo buffer is shared by all
initiators.
! Buffer Capacity field returns the size of the echo buffer in byte aligned to a four-byte boundary.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
131
8.18 READ CAPACITY (25h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 25h
1
Reserved = 0
2
3
4
5
(MSB)
RelAdr
= 0
Reserved = 0
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
7
Reserved = 0
8
Reserved = 0
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
PMI
FLAG
LINK
Figure 127. READ CAPACITY
The READ CAPACITY command returns information regarding the capacity of the drive.
! Logical Block Address is used in conjunction with the PMI bit.
! RelAdr
A Relative Address is not supported. Must be set to zero.
! PMI
Partial Medium Indicator indicates
PMI
Description
0
The drive returns the last logical block address of the drive.
1
The drive returns the last logical block address and block length in bytes are that of the
logical block address after which a substantial delay in data transfer will be encountered.
This returned logical block address shall be greater than or equal to the logical block
address specified by the logical block address fields in the command descriptor block.
This option provides the information which the initiator needs to determine the amount of
space available on the same track which is accessible without a head switch or seek.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
132
8.18.1 Returned Data Format
The data returned to the initiator in response to the READ CAPACITY command is described here. The
data is returned in the DATA IN phase.
Bit
Byte
6
0
1
2
3
(MSB)
4
5
6
7
(MSB)
7
5
4
3
2
1
0
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
Block Length
(LSB)
Figure 128. Format of READ CAPACITY command reply
!
Block Length specifies the length in bytes of the block.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
133
8.19 READ DEFECT DATA (10) (37h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
Reserved = 0
2
Reserved = 0
3
4
5
6
9
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 37h
1
7
8
4
Reserved = 0
0
P-list G-List Defect List Format
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Allocation Length
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 129. Read Defect Data (10)
The READ DEFECT DATA command requests that the drive transfer the medium defect data to the
initiator.
If the drive is unable to access any medium defect data it will return a CHECK CONDITION status with the
appropriate sense key. The sense key will be set to either MEDIUM ERROR(03h) if a medium error
occurred or NO SENSE(00h) if the list does not exist and the additional sense code will be set to DEFECT
LIST ERROR (19h).
! P-list (Primary Defect List) bit set to one indicates that the drive returns the primary list of defects. A
P-list bit of zero indicates that the drive shall not return the Primary Defect list of defects.
! G-list (Grown Defect List) bit set to one indicates that the drive returns the Grown Defect List. A G-List
bit of zero indicates that the drive shall not return the Grown Defect List of defects.
Note: With both bits set to one P-list and G-List the drive will return both the Primary and Grown defect
lists. With both bits set to zero, the drive will return only a four-byte Defect List Header.
! Defect List format is used by the initiator to indicate the preferred format for the defect list.
The Defect List Format of '100 (Bytes from Index Format)' and '101 (Physical Sector Format)' are supported. If the requested format is not supported by the drive, it will return the defect list in its default format
'101' and then terminate the command with CHECK CONDITION status. The sense key will be set to
RECOVERED ERROR(01h) and the additional sense code will be set to DEFECT LIST NOT
FOUND(1Ch).
The drive will transfer all of the Read Defect Data up to the number of bytes allocated by the initiator.
Note: The drive will terminate the Data In phase when the Allocation Length has been transferred or when
all available Defect Data has been transferred to the initiator, whichever is less.
The Read Defect Data contains a four byte header followed by zero or more defect descriptors.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
134
8.19.1 Defect List Header
Bit
7
Byte
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Defect List Header
0
Rsvd = 0
1
Reserved = 0
2
3
(MSB)
P-list G-List
Defect List Format
Defect List length
(LSB)
Figure 130. Defect List Header
8.19.2 Bytes from Index Format (100b)
Byte
0
1
2
Defect Descriptors
(MSB)
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
3
4
5
6
7
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
Defect Bytes from Index
(LSB)
Figure 131. Defect Descriptors of Bytes from Index Format
Defect Bytes from Index is derived by the following equation:
Bytes from Index = (Physical Sector Number) * N
where N = bytes per sector
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
135
8.19.3 Physical Sector Format (101b)
Byte
0
1
2
Defect Descriptors
(MSB)
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
3
4
5
6
7
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
Defective Sector Number
(LSB)
Figure 132. Defect Descriptors of Physical Sector Format
The Defect List Format field specifies the format of the defect list data returned by the drive.
The Defect List Length field specifies the length in bytes of the defect descriptors that follow. The Defect
List Length is equal to eight times the number of defect descriptors.
Normally the drive will set the Defect List Length field to the amount of space needed to contain the entire
defect list. However, the drive is capable of building a defect list with a such length that the entire list
cannot be transferred using the maximum allocation length. If the defect list grows beyond 8191 entries,
the defect data cannot be transferred with an allocation length of 0FFFFh. The drive will transfer a partial
defect list and return CHECK CONDITION status with the sense key set to RECOVERED ERROR and
the Additional Sense Code is set to PARTIAL DEFECT LIST TRANSFERRED. The defect list length will
be set to 0FFF8h, indicating the maximum number of defect descriptors which can be transferred. Defects
beyond this number can not be read by the initiator.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
136
8.20 READ DEFECT DATA (12) (B7h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
Reserved = 0
2
1
0
P-listG-List Defect List Format
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Allocation Length
(LSB)
10
11
3
Command Code = B7h
2
3
4
5
6
|
9
4
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 133. Read Defect Data (12)
The READ DEFECT DATA command requests that the drive transfer the medium defect data to the
initiator.
If the drive is unable to access any medium defect data it will return a CHECK CONDITION status with the
appropriate sense key. The sense key will be set to either MEDIUM ERROR (03h) if a medium error
occurred or to NO SENSE (00h) if the list does not exist and the additional sense code will be set to
DEFECT LIST ERROR (19h).
! P-list (Primary Defect List) bit set to one indicates that the drive returns the primary list of defects. A
P-list bit of zero indicates that the drive does not return the Primary Defect list of defects.
! G-List (Grown Defect List ) bit set to one indicates that the drive returns the grown defect list. A G-List
bit of zero indicates that the drive does not return the Grown Defect list of defects.
Note: With both bits set to one P-list and G-List the drive will return both the Primary and Grown defect
lists. With both bits set to zero the drive will return only a four-byte Defect List Header.
! Defect List format is used by the initiator to indicate the preferred format for the defect list.
The Defect List Format of '100 (Bytes from Index Format)' and '101 (Physical Sector Format)' are supported. If the requested format is not supported by the drive, it will return the defect list in its default
format '101' and then terminate the command with CHECK CONDITION status. The sense key will be set
to RECOVERED ERROR (01h) and the additional sense code will be set to DEFECT LIST NOT FOUND
(1Ch).
The drive will transfer all of the Read Defect Data up to the number of bytes allocated by the initiator.
Note: The drive will terminate the Data In phase when the Allocation Length has been transferred or when
all available Defect Data has been transferred to the initiator, whichever is less.
The Read Defect Data contains a four byte header, followed by zero or more defect descriptors.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
137
8.20.1 Defect List Header
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Defect List Header
0
Rsvd = 0
1
Reserved = 0
2
3
P-listG-List Defect List Format
Rsvd = 0
4
|
7
(MSB)
Defect List length
(LSB)
Figure 134. Defect List Header
8.20.2 Bytes from Index Format (100b)
Byte
0
1
2
Defect Descriptors
(MSB)
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
3
4
5
6
7
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
Defect Bytes from Index
(LSB)
Figure 135. Defect Descriptors of Bytes from Index Format
Defect Bytes from Index is derived using the following equation:
Bytes from Index = (Physical Sector Number) * N
where N = Bytes per sector
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
138
8.20.3 Physical Sector Format (101b)
Byte
0
1
2
Defect Descriptors
(MSB)
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
3
4
5
6
7
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
Defective Sector Number
(LSB)
Figure 136. Defect Descriptors of Physical Sector Format
The Defect List Format field specifies the format of the defect list data returned by the drive.
The Defect List Length field specifies the length in bytes of the defect descriptors that follow. The Defect
List Length is equal to eight times the number of defect descriptors.
If the Allocation Length is insufficient to transfer all of the defect descriptors, the Defect List Length is not
adjusted to reflect the truncation. The drive does not create a CHECK CONDITION status.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
139
8.21 READ LONG (3Eh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
9
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 3Eh
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
CORT RelAdr
= 0
= 0
(MSB)
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
7
8
5
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Byte Transfer Length
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 137. READ LONG
The READ LONG command requests the drive to transfer one block of data to the initiator. The transfer
data includes data and ECC field data.
! CORT bit of ZERO causes the logical block to be read without any correction made by the drive.
A CORT bit of one is not supported by the drive. (A corrected bit of one causes the data to be
corrected by ECC before transferring the data to the initiator.)
! Logical Block Address field specifies the logical block at which the read operation shall occur.
! Byte Transfer Length. This field must specify exactly the number of bytes of data that are available
for transfer. If a non-zero byte transfer length does not match the available data length, the drive
terminates the command with CHECK CONDITION status, the sense key is set to ILLEGAL
REQUEST, and an additional sense code set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB. The valid and ILI bits is set
to one and the information field is set to the difference of the requested length minus the actual length
in bytes. Negative values are indicated by two's complement notation.
The transfer length is calculated as follows:
transfer length = logical block size + 44
! RelAdr Relative Block Address is not supported by the drive.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
140
8.22 REASSIGN BLOCKS (07h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 07h
Reserved = 0
2
3
4
5
4
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 138. REASSIGN BLOCKS
The REASSIGN BLOCKS command requests the drive to reassign a logical block to an available spare.
The REASSIGN BLOCKS command attempts to allocate spare blocks on a spare track. The logical block
address is transferred to the drive during the DATA OUT phase. One to four blocks may be specified for
relocation per REASSIGN BLOCKS command.
Reassignment is complete upon the completion of the REASSIGN BLOCKS command. At this time the
defective logical block address has been added to the grown (G-List) defect list.
Data contained at the logical block address being reassigned is preserved or filled with a constant pattern
depending on DRRT(Mode Page 0).
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
141
Following is the format of the data sent by the initiator during the DATA OUT phase
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
RSVD =
0
1
RSVD =
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
2
1
0
(MSB) Defect list length = 4/8/12/16
(LSB)
(MSB)
Defect Logical Block Address –1
(LSB)
(MSB)
Defect Logical Block Address –2
(LSB)
(MSB)
Defect Logical Block Address –3
(LSB)
(MSB)
Defect Logical Block Address –4
(LSB)
Figure 139. Format of REASSIGN BLOCKS data
!
Defect List Length must be 4, 8, 12, or 16. Otherwise, the drive returns CHECK CONDITION with
Sense key = ILLEGAL REQUEST.
!
Defective Logical Block Address is 4 bytes in length. The initiator can specify from 1 to 4
Defective Logical Block Addresses according to the Defect List Length from 4 to 16, respectively.
Defective Logical Block Addresses must be ordered in ascending order, otherwise the drive returns
CHECK CONDITION.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
142
8.23 RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS (1Ch)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 1Ch
1
Reserved = 0
2
Reserved = 0
PCV
Page Code
3
4
(MSB)
Parameter List Length
(LSB)
5
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 140. RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC
The RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS command requests that analysis data requested by a SEND
DIAGNOSTICS command be sent to the initiator.
!
PCV (Page Code Valid) bit of zero indicates that the most recent SEND DIAGNOSTIC command
shall define the data returned by this command. PCV bit of one indicates that the contents of the
Page Code field shall define the data returned by this command.
!
Parameter List Length specifies the amount of data to be returned to the initiator. This value may
be zero and this is not considered an error. The drive terminates the DATA IN phase when all available data has been transferred or when the number of bytes transferred equals the Parameter List
Length.
8.23.1 RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS Page 0
This page contains a list of supported pages.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
Page Code = 0
1
Reserved = 0
2-3
4
3
2
1
0
Page Length = 03h
4
First supported page 0h
5
Second supported page 40h
6
Third supported page 80h
Figure 141. RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS Page 0
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
143
8.23.2 RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS Page 40
Using the SEND DIAGNOSTICS command, an address in either physical or logical format is supplied to
the drive. This page is then used to retrieve the address translated into the other format.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0
Page Code = 40h
1
Reserved = 0
2-3
2
1
0
Page Length = 0Ah
4
Reserved =
5
RA
6-13
3
ALTS
0
Supplied format
ALTT
Reserved=0
Translate format
Translated Address
Figure 142. RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS Page 40
! Supplied Format is the value supplied by the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command; it may be one of the
three following values:
- 000b Block format
- 100b Bytes From Index format
- 101b Physical Sector format
It specifies the format in which the address has been supplied.
! Translate Format is the value supplied by the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command and specifies the
format in which the address has been translated into List. If the supplied format is the Block format,
the Translate format must be either Bytes from Index or Physical Sector format. If the supplied format
is the Bytes from Index or Physical Sector format, the Translate format must be Block format.
Otherwise the drive will terminate the command with CHECK CONDITION status.
! RA (Reserved Area) is set to one if the translated block is a reserved area.
! ALTS (Alternate Sector) is set to one if the translated block is in alternate sector area.
! ALTT (Alternate Track) is set to one if the translated block is in alternate track area. This bit is not
used by the drive.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
144
! Translated Address contains the address in the translate format. If it is a logical block address, it is
contained within the first four bytes of the field (bytes 6 to 9) of the page data. For a physical format it
is as follows:
Bit
Byte
7
6-8
9
0-13
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Cylinder Number
Head Number
Sector Number or Bytes from Index
Figure 143. Translated address
8.23.3 RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS Page 80
This page contains the off-line read scan status.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
Page Code = 80h
1
Reserved = 0
2-3
4
3
2
1
0
Page Length = 04h
4
SMART Revision = 03h
5
Off-line Read Scan Ratio
6
7
(MSB) Estimated Completion Time
Figure 144. RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS Page 80
! Off-line Read Scan Ration indicates the progress of the read scan activity. The number is the
numerator of a fraction whose denominator is 100.
! Estimated Completion Time indicates the total time in seconds to complete a full read scan without
interruption.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
145
8.24 RELEASE (6) (17h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 17h
Reserved = 0
2
3rdPty
3rd Party ID
Ext=0
Reservation Identification
3
4
5
4
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 145. RELEASE (6)
The RELEASE command is used to release a LUN previously reserved. It is not an error for an Initiator to
attempt to release a reservation that is not currently active. In this case the drive returns a GOOD status.
Extents are not supported by the drive. The Ext (Extent) bit must be zero. It Ext bit is not zero, a CHECK
CONDITION status is returned with a sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code of
INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
Reservation Identification is ignored.
If the 3rdPty bit is one, the drive releases the LUN, but only if the reservation was made using the thirdparty reservation option and the 3rd Party ID is the ID of the Initiator that made the reservation.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
146
8.25 RELEASE (10) (57h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 57h
Reserved = 0
2
3rdPty
Reserved = 0
Ext =
0
Reservation Identification
3
3rd Party Device ID
4
Reserved = 0
5
Reserved = 0
6
Reserved = 0
7
Reserved = 0
8
Reserved = 0
9
1
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 146. RELEASE (10)
The RELEASE command is used to release a LUN previously reserved. It is not an error for an Initiator to
attempt to release a reservation that is not currently active. In this case the drive returns a GOOD status.
Extents are not supported by the drive. The Ext (Extent) bit must be zero. If the Ext bit is not zero, CHECK
CONDITION status is returned with a sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code of
INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
Reservation Identification is ignored.
If the 3rdPty bit is one, the drive releases the LUN, but only if the reservation was made using the
third-party reservation option and the 3rd Party ID is the ID of the Initiator that made the reservation
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
147
8.26 REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
4
3
Reserved = 0
0
Service Action = 05h
Reserved = 0
3
Reserved = 0
4
Reserved = 0
5
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Allocation Length
(LSB)
10
11
1
Command Code = A3h
2
6
|
9
2
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 147. REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER
The REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER command requests that the drive send device identification
information to the application client.
The ALLOCATION LENGTH field indicates how much space has been reserved for the returned parameter data. If the length is not sufficient to contain all the parameter data, the first portion of the data is
returned. This is not considered an error. The actual length of the parameter data is available in the
IDENTIFIER LENGTH field in the parameter data. If the remainder of the parameter data is required, the
application client should send a new REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER command with an
ALLOCATION LENGTH field large enough to contain all the data.
The REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER parameter list contains a four-byte field that contains the length in
bytes of the parameter list and the identifier of the logical unit.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
148
Bit
Byte
7
0
|
3
4
n
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
Identifier Length = n-3
(LSB)
Identifier
Figure 148. REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER parameter list
The IDENTIFIER LENGTH field specifies the length in bytes of the IDENTIFIER field. If the ALLOCATION
LENGTH field in the CDB is too small to transfer all of the identifier, the length is not adjusted to reflect the
truncation. The identifier length initially equals zero, and is changed only by a successful SETDEVICE
IDENTIFIER command.
The IDENTIFIER field contains a vendor specific value. The value reported is the last value written by a
successful SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER command. The value of the identifier is changed only by a
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER command. The identifier value persist through resets, power cycles, media
format operations.
The drive returns the same Identifier to all initiators on all ports.
The execution of a REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER requires the enabling of a nonvolatile memory within
the logical unit. If the nonvolatile memory is not ready, the drive returns CHECK CONDITION status,
rather than wait for the device to become ready. The sense key is set to NOT READY and the additional
sense data is set as described in the TEST UNIT READY command. This information should allow the
application client to determine the action required to cause the drive to become ready.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
149
8.27 REPORT LUN (A0h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = A0h
1
|
5
Reserved
6
|
9
0
(MSB)
Allocation Length
(LSB)
10
11
1
Reserved
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 149. REPORT LUN
The REPORT LUN command requests that the drive return the known Logical Unit Numbers (LUN) to the
initiator. The Report LUN command should always be available and is unaffected by any reservations.
The Allocation Length must be at least 16 bytes. If the Allocation Length is less than 16 bytes, the drive
will return in CHECK CONDITION status with Sense Key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional Sense
Code of INVALID FIELD IN CDB. If the Allocation Length is not sufficient to contain the Logical Unit
Number values for all configured logical units, the drive shall report as many logical unit number values as
will fit in the specified Allocation Length. This is not considered an error.
The Report LUN command will send the LUN List in the subsequent DATA OUT Phase. The format of the
LUN List is shown in the following table.
Bit
Byte
7
0
|
3
4
|
7
8
|
15
(MSB)
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
LUN List Length = 8
(LSB)
Reserved
(MSB)
LUN = 0
(LSB)
Figure 150. LUN Reporting Parameter List Format
The LUN list length contains the length in bytes of the LUN list that is available to be transferred. The
drive supports only one LUN. Therefore the LUN list length must be set to 8. The only supported LUN is
zero.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
150
8.28 REQUEST SENSE (03h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 03h
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
2
3
Reserved = 0
4
Allocation Length
5
1
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 151. REQUEST SENSE
The REQUEST SENSE command requests the drive to transfer sense data.
The sense data shall be available under the following conditions:
! The previous command to the specified I_T_L nexus4 terminated with CHECK CONDITION status. All
other information (e.g. medium position) is available in any fields.
! The previous command to the specified I_T_L nexus ended unexpected BUS FREE error.
If REQUEST SENSE command with an invalid LUN is received, the drive returns GOOD status and
reports a sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and an additional sense code of LOGICAL UNIT NOT
SUPPORTED.
If the drive has no sense data available to return, it shall return a sense key of NO SENSE and an additional sense code of NO ADDITIONAL SENSE INFORMATION.
The sense data shall be preserved by the drive for the initiator until retrieved by the REQUEST SENSE
command or until any other command for the same I_T_L nexus. Sense data shall be cleared upon receiving a subsequent command including REQUEST SENSE to the same I_T_L nexus.
Separate sense data is maintained by the device for each initiator. Therefore, there is no requirement for
an initiator to expeditiously clear a CHECK CONDITION as this will not affect other initiators in a multiinitiator system.
The drive will return the number of bytes in the allocation length or 32 bytes whichever is less.
The contents of the sense data is defined in Section 12.0, "SCSI Sense Data" on page 215.
4
A nexus which exists between an initiator, a drive, and a logical unit.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
151
8.29 RESERVE (6) (16h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
5
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 16h
Reserved = 0
2
3
4
4
3rdPty
3rd Party ID
Ext =
0
Reservation Identification
(MSB)
Extent List Length = 0
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 152. RESERVE (6)
The RESERVE command is used to reserve a LUN for an initiator. This reservation can be either for the
initiator which sends this command or for the third party as specified by the Initiator.
Extents are not supported by the drive. The Ext bit must be zero. If Ext bit is set to one, CHECK
CONDITION status is returned with a sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code of
INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
The Reservation Identification and Extent List Length fields are ignored.
The RESERVE command requests that the entire LUN be reserved for the Initiator until
! the reservation is superseded by another valid RESERVE command from the initiator that made the
reservation.
! the reservation is released by a RELEASE command from the same initiator.
! a hard Reset condition occurs.
! a DRIVE RESET message is received from any initiator.
! a power off/on occurs.
The 3rdPty bit of zero indicates that the Initiator that issued the RESERVE command is the Initiator for
which the LUN is reserved.
The 3rdPty bit of one indicates that this is a third-party reservation. The 3rd Party ID byte specifies the ID
of the third party for which the LUN is reserved. A reservation made with the 3rdPty bit of one and the 3rd
Party ID byte set to the Initiator that issued this RESERVE command is considered equivalent to a
reservation made with the 3rdPty bit set to zero.
Only the Initiator that issued the RESERVE command for a LUN may release the LUN, regardless of the
3rdPty option. This Initiator may also release the LUN by issuing another RESERVE command. This
superseding RESERVE command releases the previous reservation when the new reservation is granted.
Reservation queuing is not supported by the drive. If a LUN is reserved and a RESERVE command is
issued from a different initiator, the drive responds with a RESERVATION CONFLICT.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
152
8.30 RESERVE (10) (56h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
4
3
2
1
Command Code = 57h
Reserved = 0
3rdPty
Reserved
2
Reservation Identification
3
Third Party Device ID
4
Reserved = 0
5
Reserved = 0
6
Reserved = 0
7
8
9
0
Ext =
0
(MSB) Extent List Length = 0
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 153. RESERVE (10)
The RESERVE command is used to reserve a LUN for an Initiator. This reservation can be either for the
Initiator sending the command or for a third party as specified by the Initiator.
Extents are not supported by the drive. The Ext bit must be zero. If Ext bit is set to one, CHECK
CONDITION Status is returned with a Sense Key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code of
INVALID FIELD in CDB
The Reservation Identification and Extent List Length fields are ignored.
The RESERVE command requests that the entire LUN be reserved for the Initiator until
! the reservation is superseded by another valid RESERVE command from the Initiator that made the
reservation.
! the reservation is released by a RELEASE command from the same Initiator.
! a hard Reset condition occurs.
! a TARGET RESET message is received from any Initiator.
! a power off/on cycle occurs.
The 3rdPty bit of zero indicates that the Initiator that issued the RESERVE command is the Initiator for
which the LUN is reserved.
The 3rdPty bit of one indicates that this is a third-party reservation. The 3rd Party ID byte specifies the ID
of the third party for which the LUN is reserved. Only the Initiator that issued the RESERVE command for
a LUN may release the LUN, regardless of the 3rdPty option. This Initiator may also release the LUN by
issuing another RESERVE command. This superseding RESERVE command releases the previous
reservation when the new reservation is granted.
Reservation queuing is not supported by the drive. If a LUN is reserved and a RESERVE command is
issued from a different initiator, the drive responds with a RESERVATION CONFLICT.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
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8.31 REZERO UNIT (01h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 01h
Reserved = 0
2
3
4
5
5
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 154. REZERO UNIT
The REZERO UNIT command requests that the drive seek logical block address 0.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
154
8.32 SEEK (6) (0Bh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 0Bh
Reserved = 0
2
3
(MSB)
LBA
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
4
5
5
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 155. SEEK (6)
The SEEK command requests the drive to seek the specified logical block address.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
155
8.33 SEEK EXTENDED (10) (2Bh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 2Bh
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
0
(MSB)
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
7
8
9
5
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 156. SEEK (10)
The SEEK (10) command requests the drive to seek the specified logical block address.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
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8.34 SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1Dh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
5
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 1Dh
Function Code
2
3
4
4
PF
RSVD=0 SlfTst Dev0fl Unt0fl
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Parameter List Length
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 157. SEND DIAGNOSTIC
The SEND DIAGNOSTIC command requests the drive to perform its self-diagnostic test or to perform a
function based on a page of information sent in a Data Out phase during the command.
! PF (Page Format) bit set to one indicates the data sent by the Initiator conforms to the page structure
as specified in SCSI-2 standard. This bit must be set to one if the SlfTst bit is set to zero. This bit is
ignored by the drive if the SlfTst bit is set.
! SlfTst set to one indicates that the device performs its internal self test. If SlfTst is one, Function
code field is ignored. If SlfTst is set to zero, the content of Function code is specified in Function code
field values.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
157
Value
Function Name
Description
000b
NA
Value to be used when the slfTst
bit is set to one or if The SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command is not
invoking one of the other
self-test function codes.
001b
Background Short
self-test
The drive starts its short
self-test routine in background
mode.
010b
Background
extended
self-test
The drive starts its extended
self-test routine in background
mode.
011b
NA
Reserved
100b
Abort background
self-test
Abort the current self-test in
the background mode. This value
is only valid if a previous SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command specified a
background self-test function and
that function has not been
completed.
101b
Foreground short
self-test
The drive starts its short
self-test routine in the
foreground mode.
110b
Foreground
extended
self-test
The device server starts its
extended self-test routine in the
foreground mode.
111b
Reserved
Figure 158. SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D)
! DevOfl is ignored by the drive for compatibility.
! UntOfl is ignored by the drive for compatibility.
! Parameter List Length must be 0 when the SlfTst bit is one. Otherwise, CHECK CONDITION status
will be generated with a sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense of INVALID FIELD IN
CDB. If the SlfTst bit is zero, it should be set to the length of the page to be transferred in the DATA
OUT phase of the command. If it does not match the expected length of the page a CHECK
CONDITION status will be also generated with a sense key of ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional
sense of INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
If the motor is not running at the correct speed when the command is received, it is rejected by a CHECK
CONDITION status with a NOT READY sense key.
If a fault is detected during the default or foreground self-test, a CHECK CONDITION is reported as an
end status. If a fault is detected during the background self-test, it is logged in the log page for later
retrieval by a LOG SENSE command.
See Section 11.17, "Diagnostics" on page 212 for detailed listing of operations carried out by SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command and Power on Diagnostics.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
158
8.34.1 SEND DIAGNOSTIC Page 0
This page requests that the drive return a list of supported pages on the next RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS
RESULTS command.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
Page Code = 0
1
Reserved = 0
2 - 3
4
3
2
1
0
Page Length = 0
Figure 159. Diagnostic Page 0
8.34.2 SEND DIAGNOSTIC Page 40
This allows the initiator to translate a logical block address or physical sector address to the other format.
The address to be translated is passed to the drive with the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command and the
results are returned to the initiator by the RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS command.
The drive will read the parameter list from the initiator and, if no errors are detected in the parameter list,
GOOD Status will be returned. The data translation will be performed upon receipt of the RECEIVE
DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS command.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
Page Code = 40h
1
Reserved = 0
2-3
4
3
2
1
0
Page Length = 0Ah
4
Reserved = 0
Supplied format
5
Reserved = 0
Translate format
6-13
Address to Translate
Figure 160. Diagnostic Page 40
Supplied Format may take one of the following three values:
- 000b Block format
- 100b Bytes From Index format
- 101b Physical Sector format
It specifies the format in which the address has been supplied.
! Translate Format specifies the format that the address should be translated into. If the supplied
format is the Block format, the Translate format must be either Bytes from Index or Physical Sector
format. If the supplied format is the Bytes from Index or Physical Sector format, the Translate format
must be Block format. If either of the format fields is invalid or they specify the same format, the
command will terminate with CHECK CONDITION status with a Sense of ILLEGAL REQUEST and
ILLEGAL FIELD IN PARAMETER LIST.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
159
! Address to Translate contains the address to translate. If the logical block format is specified, the
first four bytes of the field (bytes 6 to 9) contain the LBA and the remainder must be zero. For the
physical format the address must be specified as follows.
Bit
Byte
7
6-8
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Cylinder Number
9
Head Number
10-13
Sector Number or Bytes from Index
Figure 161. Address to translate
8.34.3 SEND DIAGNOSTIC Page 80
This requests the drive to perform off-line read scan.
Bit
Byte
7
0
1
2-3
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 80h
Reserved = 0
Page Length = 04h
4
SMART Revision = 03h
5
Reserved = 0
6
7
(MSB) Off-line Immediate Time
(LSB)
Figure 162. SEND DIAGNOSTIC Page 80
! Off-line Immediate Time specifies the delay to start the off-line read scan in seconds. When this
value is zero, the drive immediately starts the off-line read scan.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
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8.35 SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
Reserved = 0
2
3
4
5
1
0
Service Action = 06h
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Parameter List Length
(LSB)
10
11
2
Command Code = A4h
1
6
|
9
3
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 163. SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER
The SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER command requests that the device identifier information be set to the value
received in the SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER parameter list.
On successful completion of a SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER command a unit attention is generated for all
initiators except the one that issued the service action. When reporting the unit attention condition the
additional sense code is set to DEVICE IDENTIFIER CHANGED.
!
Parameter List Length field specifies the length in bytes of the Identifier that is transferred from the
host system to the drive. The maximum value for this field is 512 bytes. A parameter list length of zero
indicates that no data is transferred, and that subsequent REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER commands
return an Identifier length of zero.
The SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER parameter list contains the identifier to be set by the addressed logical
unit.
Bit
Byte
7
0
n
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Identifier
Figure 164. SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER Parameter List
The IDENTIFIER field is a vendor specific value to be returned in subsequent REPORT DEVICE
IDENTIFIER commands.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
161
8.36 START STOP Unit (1Bh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 1Bh
1
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
2
3
Immed
Reserved = 0
4
Power Conditions = 0
5
VU = 0
Reserved
= 0
Reserved = 0
LoEj
Start
= 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 165. START STOP Unit
The START STOP UNIT command is used to spin up or stop the spindle motor.
! Immed bit is to specify
0
1
status is to be returned at the end of the operation
GOOD status shall always be returned immediately after command has been received.
The TEST UNIT READY command may be used to determine when the drive becomes
ready after a spin-up.
! Power Conditions is not supported by the drive and must be set to 0.
! LoEj is not supported by the drive and must be set to 0.
! Start bit is to specify:
0
1
stop the spindle
start the spindle
Note: When the drive has become ready (after a power on), the START STOP UNIT command can be
used without any errors regardless of whether the motor is stopped or spinning.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
162
8.37 SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (35h)
BIT
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
2
3
4
5
9
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 35h
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
Immed RelAdr
= 0
= 0
(MSB)
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
7
8
4
Reserved = 0
(MSB
Number of Blocks
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 166. SYNCHRONIZE CACHE
The SYNCHRONIZE CACHE Command ensures that logical blocks in the cache have their most recent
data value recorded on the media.
! Logical Block Address is to specify where the operation is to begin.
! Number of Blocks specifies the total number of contiguous logical blocks within the range. Number of
Blocks of zero indicates that all remaining logical blocks on the logical unit shall be within the range.
! Immed (immediate) must be zero. An immediate bit of zero indicates that the status shall not be
returned until the operation has completed. If the Immed bit is set to one, the drive returns a CHECK
CONDITION status. The sense key shall be set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code
shall be set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
! RelAdr (Relative Address) must be zero. The drive does not support the relative addressing. If the
RelAdr bit is set to one, the drive returns CHECK CONDITION status. The sense key shall be set to
ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code shall be set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
163
8.38 TEST UNIT READY (00h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
2
3
4
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 00h
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 167. TEST UNIT READY
The TEST UNIT READY command allows the initiator to check if the drive is READY. The SCSI
specification defines READY as the condition where the device will accept a media-access command
without returning CHECK CONDITION status.
The drive will first verify that the motor is spinning at the correct speed. If the spindle motor is not spinning
at the correct speed, CHECK CONDITION status is returned with sense key of NOT READY. If the motor
is spinning at the correct speed, the drive accepts normal media access commands.
The TEST UNIT READY command is not intended as a diagnostic. No self diagnostic is performed by
the device as a result of this command.
The TEST UNIT READY command has special significance for power sequencing using the START
STOP UNIT command with an Immediate bit of one. In this mode the START STOP UNIT command
returns TASK COMPLETE status before the completion of motor spin-up and expects the initiator to issue
TEST UNIT READY commands to determine when the motor has reached the proper speed.
Note: The spindle automatically starts in automatic spin-up Mode. The drive does not execute any
commands other than TEST UNIT READY, INQUIRY, or REQUEST SENSE command until the Power On
sequence is complete. The drive will return CHECK CONDITION status with NOT READY sense key and
IN PROCESS OF BECOMING READY sense code for all other commands during the Power On period.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
164
8.39 VERIFY (2Fh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
9
4
3
2
1
0
Byte
Chk
RSVD=
0
Command Code = 2Fh
Reserved = 0
DO
Rsvd = 0
(MSB)
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
7
8
5
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Transfer Length
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 168. VERIFY
The VERIFY command requests that the drive verify the data written on the media. A verification length
of zero indicates that no data will be transferred. This condition is not considered an error.
! ByteChk bit set to zero indicates that the data is read from the disk and verified using ECC. If an ECC
error is detected in the verify process, CHECK CONDITION status is returned with sense key set to
MEDIUM ERROR. ByteChk bit set to one indicates that byte-by-byte comparison is performed between the data on the disk and data transferred from the initiator during the data-out phase.
If the comparison is unsuccessful, the command is terminated with CHECK CONDITION status and
the sense key is set to MISCOMPARE.
! DO (Disable Page Out) bit of one indicates that the data accessed by this command is to be assigned
the lowest priority for being written into or retained by the cache. A DO bit of one overrides any retention priority specified in the MODE SELECT Page 8 Caching Parameters. A DO bit of zero indicates
that the priority is determined by the retention priority. The initiator should set the DO bit when the
blocks read by this command are not likely to be read again in the near future.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
165
8.40 WRITE (6) (0Ah)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 0Ah
Reserved = 0
2
3
(MSB)
LBA
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
4
5
4
Transfer Length
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 169. WRITE (6)
The WRITE command requests the drive to write the specified number of blocks of data from the initiator
to the medium starting at the specified logical block address.
Logical block address
This field specifies the LBA at which the write operation shall begin.
Transfer length
This field specifies the number of blocks to be transferred. A value of zero implies 256
blocks are to be transferred.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
166
8.41 WRITE (10) (2Ah)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
2
|
5
9
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 2Ah
Reserved = 0
DPO
FUA
Reserved
RelAdr
= 0
(MSB)
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
7
8
4
Reserved = 0
(MSB
Transfer Length
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 170. WRITE (10)
The WRITE (10) command requests that the drive write the data transferred from the initiator. This
command is processed like the WRITE (6) command except for the longer transfer length
! Transfer Length The number of contiguous blocks to be transferred. If the transfer length is zero, the
seek occurs, but no data is transferred. This condition is not considered an error.
! DPO A DPO (Disable Page Out) bit of one indicates that the data accessed by this command is to be
assigned the lowest priority for being written into or retained by the cache. A DPO bit of one overrides
any retention priority specified in the MODE SELECT Page 8 Caching Parameters. A DPO bit of zero
indicates that the priority is determined by the retention priority. The Initiator should set the DPO bit
when the blocks written by this command are not likely to be read in the near future.
! FUA Force unit access. A FUA bit of one indicates that the drive must write the data to the media
before returning GOOD status. A FUA bit of zero indicates that the drive may return GOOD status
prior to writing the data to the media.
! RelAdr Relative Block Address is not supported and must be set to zero.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
167
8.42 WRITE AND VERIFY (2Eh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
2
3
4
5
9
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 2Eh
Reserved = 0
DPO
Reserved
= 0
Byte RelAdr
Chk
= 0
(MSB)
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
7
8
4
Reserved = 0
(MSB
Transfer Length
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 171. WRITE AND VERIFY
WRITE AND VERIFY command requests that the drive writes the data transferred from the initiator to the
medium and then verify that the data is correctly written.
! Transfer Length of zero indicates that no data is transferred.
If caching is enabled, the command performs an implied Force Unit Access (FUA) and an implied
Synchronize Cache before starting the operation. This insures that the medium, not the cache, is
being verified.
! ByteChk bit set to zero indicates that the data is read back from the disk and verified using ECC after
the successful write operation. If an ECC error is detected in the verify process, CHECK CONDITION
status is returned with sense key set to MEDIUM ERROR. ByteChk bit set to one indicates that
byte-by-byte comparison is performed between data on the disk starting the block specified in LBA
field and data transferred from the initiator.
If the comparison is unsuccessful, the command is terminated with CHECK CONDITION status and
the sense key is set to MISCOMPARE.
! DPO (Disable Page Out) bit of one indicates that the data written by this command is to be assigned
the lowest priority for being written into or retained by the cache. A DPO bit of one overrides any retention priority specified in the Mode Select Page 8 Caching parameters. A DPO bit of zero indicates
the priority is determined by the retention priority.
The initiator should set the DPO bit when the blocks written by this command are not likely to be read
again in the near future.
! Relative Block Address is not supported. Must be set to zero.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
168
8.43 WRITE BUFFER (3Bh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 3Bh
1
Reserved = 0
2
Mode
Buffer ID
3
4
5
(MSB)
6
7
8
(MSB)
Buffer Offset
(LSB)
Parameter List Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 172. WRITE BUFFER (3B)
The WRITE BUFFER command is used in conjunction with the READ BUFFER command as a diagnostic
function for testing the memory of the drive and the SCSI bus integrity. This command does not alter the
medium of the drive. Additional modes are provided for downloading microcode and for downloading and
saving microcode.
This command will cause the entire cache to be emptied.
The function of this command and the meaning of fields within the command descriptor block depend on
the contents of the mode field.
MODE
Description
0000
Write combined header and data
0010
Data
0100
Download Microcode
0101
Download Microcode and Save
0111
Download Microcode and Save (Single Binary Chunked)
1010
Write Data to Echo Buffer
No other modes are supported by the drive.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
169
8.43.1 Combined Header And Data (Mode 0000b)
In this mode, the data to be transferred is preceded by a four-byte header.
! Buffer ID must be zero. If another value is specified, no download function is performed and the command is terminated with CHECK CONDITION status. And the drive shall set the sense key to
ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN CDB.
! Buffer Offset must be zero. If another value is specified, no download function is performed and the
command is terminated with CHECK CONDITION status. And the drive shall set the sense key to
ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN CDB.
! Parameter List Length specifies the number of bytes that shall be transferred during the DATA OUT
phase. This number includes four bytes of header, so the data length to be stored in the drive buffer is
transfer length minus four. If the length exceeds the buffer size, the command is terminated with
CHECK CONDITION status. And the drive shall set sense key to ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional
sense code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN CDB.
The four-byte header consists of all reserved bytes.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Reserved = 0
1
Reserved = 0
2
Reserved = 0
3
Reserved = 0
2
1
0
Figure 173. WRITE BUFFER Header
8.43.2 Write Data (Mode 0010b)
In this mode the DATA OUT phase contains buffer data.
! Buffer ID must be set to zero, indicating the data transfer buffer. If another value is specified, the
command is terminated with CHECK CONDITION status. The drive shall set the sense key to
ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional the sense code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN CDB.
! Buffer Offset specifies the offset of the memory space specified by the Buffer ID. The initiator should
conform to the offset boundary requirements returned in the READ BUFFER descriptor. If the value
exceeds the buffer specified, the command is terminated with CHECK CONDITION status. The drive
shall set the sense key to ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN CDB.
! Parameter List Length specifies the Parameter List Length. It must be less than the capacity of the
buffer size and on a sector boundary.
If an invalid value is specified, the command is terminated with CHECK CONDITION status. The drive
shall set the sense key to ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN CDB.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
170
8.43.3 Download Microcode (Mode 0100b)
In this mode the microcode is transferred to the control memory space of the drive. When it is downloaded, the drive will operate with the newly downloaded code immediately until the next power cycle.
! Buffer ID field is used to indicate which portion of the microcode image is being downloaded. The
following Buffer IDs are supported by the drive:
- 00h : Main Microprocessor Code
- 81h : Reserved Area Data
Any other value for the Buffer ID will cause the command to terminate with CHECK CONDITION status.
The drive shall set the sense key to ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN
CDB.
! Buffer Offset must be zero. If an invalid value is specified, the command is terminated with CHECK
CONDITION status. The drive shall set the sense key to ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense
code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN CDB.
! Parameter List Length must be the size of the data set to be downloaded. It may also be set to
0000h in which case no code is updated. If an invalid value is specified, the command is terminated
with CHECK CONDITION status. The drive shall set the sense key to ILLEGAL REQUEST and
additional sense code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN CDB.
This process generates a unit attention condition for MICROCODE HAS BEEN CHANGED for all initiators except the one which sent the write buffer command. Upon the completion of the write buffer
command the new microcode is immediately ready for operation.
Note: The Download Microcode mode described in this specification is to indicate that the drive will accept
a command with this mode, though it is not expected that a user will ever issue such a command. To use
the WRITE BUFFER command with this mode, a special microcode version is required from development.
If such a microcode is released from development, then it will include appropriate instructions on the
function of new microcode and its effect on the drive operations after download.
Note: If the WRITE BUFFER command with this mode is executed and the invalid code is downloaded,
then it is to be expected that the drive will never be complete or hang up the subsequent command. This
condition is normally recoverable by a power on/off cycle, but there is no guarantee of it.
8.43.4 Download Microcode and Save (Mode 0101b)
In this mode the data is transferred to the drive to save into the reserved area on the disk. This is for
functional upgrade and configuration change reflecting the user's requirements or the manufacturer's
reason or both and it is stored in the media as a permanent copy. The newly downloaded code becomes
effective after the drive issues and completes a self-initiated Power On Reset.
Note: It requires up to 30 seconds to update the microcode including the Flash ROM update.
Note: New code to be downloaded to the drive will be provided by development either by request of a
customer for an additional function or as a result of a functional change by development. However please
note that not all possible fixes or new functions can be applied to a drive in this manner and that there is a
very high dependency on the level of ROM code contained within the drive. If an invalid code or a code
not compatible with the ROM code is downloaded, the drive will usually reject this code and will continue
normal operation. However there is a small possibility that an invalid code will be accepted. If this occurs,
the unit usually becomes inoperable and will have to be returned to the manufacturer for recovery.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
171
Buffer ID field is used to indicate which portion of the microcode image is being downloaded. The following Buffer IDs are supported by the drive:
- 00h : Main Microprocessor Code with all others in one (Single Binary or Chunked)
- 01h - 02h : Reserved
- 80h - 82h : Reserved
Any other value for the Buffer ID will cause the command to terminate with CHECK CONDITION status.
The drive shall set the sense key to ILLEGAL REQUEST and additional sense code to ILLEGAL FIELD IN
CDB.
8.43.4.1 Download Microprocessor Microcode and Save (Buffer ID = 00h)
Two types of download function are supported: Single Binary Download and Single Binary Chunked.
Buffer ID is 00h. (Single Binary Download)
The first one is that the data set consist of all necessary code and tables in a one big data set. This is
starting with the special header data followed by tables, RAM code, three Overlay codes, EEPROM data,
and Flash-ROM code. (Flash-ROM code is optional depends on the card type and version if card has update capability.) This download function is available when the drive is running with full function (normal
running) before this WRITE BUFFER is issued.
It requires up to 30 seconds to finish the command. After completion of this type of WRITE BUFFER
command the drive will start as "Power on Reset" and running with newly downloaded code and configuration. Therefore the initiator may need special treatment for this drive.
Buffer ID is 00h. (Single Binary Chunked)
The second uses the same data set as the first (Single Binary). It separates one big binary file into segments of 32 KB and then issues a WRITE BUFFER command with ID=00 repeatedly with the same
number as the segment. The last segment may be equal to or less than 32 KB. (For example, if the single
binary drive size is 426 KB, there are 13 files of 32 KB. Thus 13 continuous WRITE BUFFER commands
with Offset=00 should be issued.) After issuing continuous WRITE BUFFER for all segments, the drive
behavior is the same as the single binary.
8.43.5 Download Microcode and Save (Mode 0111b)
Buffer Offset is 00h. (Single Binary Chunked Mode 7)
The third uses the same data set as the first (Single Binary). It separates one big binary file into segments
of 32 KB and then issues a WRITE BUFFER command with Offset=00 repeatedly with the same number
as the segment. The last segment may be equal to or less than 32 KB. (For example, if the single binary
drive size is 426 KB, there are 13 files of 32 KB. Thus 13 continuous WRITE BUFFER commands with
Offset=00 should be issued.) After issuing continuous WRITE BUFFER for all segments, the drive behavior is the same as the single binary.
8.43.6 Write Data to Echo Buffer (Mode 1010b)
In this mode the drive transfers data into the echo buffer. The echo buffer is assigned in the same manner
by the drive as it would for a write operation. Data will be sent aligned on four-byte boundaries.
Upon successful completion of a WRITE BUFFER command the data will be preserved in the echo buffer
unless there is an intervening command to any logical unit in which case it may be changed.
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8.44 WRITE LONG (3Fh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 3Fh
1
Reserved = 0
2
3
4
5
RelAdr
= 0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
Reserved = 0
7
8
(MSB)
Byte Transfer Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 174. WRITE LONG
The WRITE LONG command requests the drive to write one block of data transferred from the initiator.
The transfer data must include
!
!
User Data
44 bytes of ECC data
Parameters are
! Logical Block Address field specifies the logical block at which the write operation shall occur.
! Byte Transfer Length. This field must specify the exact number of bytes of data available for transfer.
If a non-zero byte transfer length does not match the available data length, the drive terminates the
command with CHECK CONDITION status, then the sense key is set to ILLEGAL REQUEST, and an
additional sense code is set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB. The valid and ILI bits are set to one and the
information field is set to the difference of the requested length minus the actual length in bytes.
Negative values are indicated by two's complement notation.
! RelAdr (Relative Block Address) is not supported and must be set to ZERO.
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8.45 WRITE SAME (41h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
2
3
4
5
9
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 41h
Reserved = 0
RelAdr
= 0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
7
8
4
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
Number of Blocks
(LSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Figure 175. WRITE SAME (41)
The Write Same command instructs the drive to write a single block of data transferred to the drive from
the initiator to a number of sequential logical blocks. This command is useful for writing large data areas
without sending all of the data over the SCSI bus.
!
Logical Block Address specifies the address at which the write begins. The Number of Blocks specifies the number of contiguous blocks to be written. If the number is zero, all of the remaining blocks
on the specified Logical Unit are written.
!
RelAdr (Relative Block Address) is not supported and must be set to be ZERO.
The data for this command is not retained in the cache.
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9.0 SCSI Status Byte
Upon the completion of a command a status byte is sent to the initiator. Additional sense information
may also be available depending on the contents of the status byte. The following section describes the
possible values for the status byte and sense data. All Reserved fields (R) are set to zero.
Bit
7
6
5
4
Reserved = 0
3
2
1
Status Code
0
RSVD
Figure 176. SCSI Status Byte. Format of the SCSI STATUS byte.
STATUS BYTE
Description
00h
GOOD
The command has been successfully completed.
02h
CHECK CONDITION
An error, exception, or abnormal condition has been detected. The sense data is
set by the drive. The REQUEST SENSE command should be issued to determine the nature of the condition.
04h
CONDITION MET
This status is returned when an unlinked PRE-FETCH command has been
successfully completed.
08h
BUSY
This condition is returned when disconnect privilege is not granted while the
drive is BUSY processing the other command for the other initiator. The normal
initiator recovery action is to issue the command at a later time or to reissue the
command and grant the disconnect privilege.
10h
INTERMEDIATE
This status is returned for every command except PRE-FETCH command in a
series of linked commands (except the last command), unless the command is
terminated with CHECK CONDITION, RESERVATION CONFLICT, or BUSY
status. If INTERMEDIATE or INTERMEDIATE CONDITION MET status is not
returned, the series of linked commands is terminated and the task is ended.
14h
INTERMEDIATE CONDITION MET
This status is returned when a linked PRE-FETCH command has been
completed, unless the command is terminated with CHECK CONDITION,
RESERVATION CONFLICT, or BUSY status. If INTERMEDIATE or
INTERMEDIATE CONDITION MET status is not returned, the series of linked
commands is terminated and the task is ended.
18h
RESERVATION CONFLICT
This status is returned whenever a SCSI device attempts to access the drive and
it has been reserved by another initiator. See Section 8.29, "Reserve (16)" on
page 155.
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28h
QUEUE FULL
This status indicates that the drive command queue is full. If a tagged command
queuing feature is enabled and there is no room on the command queue, this
status is returned when the initiator sends a command. For this status sense is
not valid.
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10.0 SCSI Message System
This chapter describes how the message system is implemented on the drive. Included is a functional
description of the supported messages.
10.1 Supported Messages
The messages supported by the drive are listed in the figure below.
MESSAGE
CODE (hex)
TASK COMPLETE
SYNCHRONOUS DATA TRANSFER REQUEST
WIDE DATA TRANSFER REQUEST*
PARALLEL PROTOCOL REQUEST
SAVE DATA POINTER
RESTORE POINTERS
DISCONNECT
INITIATOR DETECTED ERROR
ABORT TASK SET
MESSAGE REJECT
NO OPERATION
MESSAGE PARITY ERROR
LINKED COMMAND COMPLETE
LINKED COMMAND COMPLETE (w/FLAG)
TARGET RESET
ABORT TASK
CLEAR TASK SET
SIMPLE
HEAD OF QUEUE
ORDERED
IGNORE WIDE RESIDUE*
IDENTIFY
IDENTIFY
Key:
IN
OUT
YES
NO
–––
XX
*
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
00
010301
010203
010604
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0A
0B
0C
0D
0E
20XX
21XX
22XX
2301
80-FF
80-FF
Direction
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
IN
IN
IN
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
IN
IN
OUT
Negate ATN
before last
ACK
–––
Yes
Yes
Yes
–––
–––
–––
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
–––
–––
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
–––
–––
No
Drive to Initiator
Initiator to Drive
Initiator shall negate ATN before last ACK of message
Initiator may or may not negate ATN before last ACK of message
Not applicable
Queue Tag
Wide SCSI Only
Figure 177. Supported Messages
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If an unsupported message is received, the drive will send the MESSAGE REJECT message to the initiator. If at the time the unsupported message is received a valid nexus exists, the drive will continue with
the command. If no valid nexus exists, the drive will go to BUS FREE.
10.1.1 TASK COMPLETE (00h)
The drive sends this message to the initiator to indicate that the execution of a command has been terminated and that valid status has been sent to the initiator. After successfully sending this message the drive
releases all bus signals and goes to BUS FREE phase.
10.1.2 SYNCHRONOUS DATA TRANSFER REQUEST (010301H)
Byte
Value
Description
0
01H
Extended message
1
03H
Extended message length
2
01H
SYNCHRONOUS DATA TRANSFER REQUEST code
3
M
Transfer period (M times 4 nanoseconds)
4
X
REQ/ACK offset
Figure 178. Synchronous Data Transfer Request .
A pair of SYNCHRONOUS DATA TRANSFER REQUEST (SDTR) messages shown in Figure are
exchanged between an initiator and a drive to establish the synchronous data transfer mode between the
two devices. The message exchange establishes the permissible transfer period and REQ/ACK offset for
a synchronous data transfer between the two devices. The initiator may initiate a synchronous data
transfer negotiation at any time after the LUN has been identified. A SYNCHRONOUS DATA TRANSFER
REQUEST (SDTR) message exchange shall be initiated by a SCSI device whenever a previously
arranged data transfer agreement may have become invalid. The agreement becomes invalid after any
condition which may leave the data transfer agreement in an indeterminate state such as after
! a Power-on Reset
! a SCSI Bus Reset condition
! a Target Reset message
In addition a SCSI device may initiate a SDTR message exchange whenever it is appropriate to negotiate
a new data transfer agreement (either synchronous or asynchronous).
M
The transfer period (M above) is the minimum time allowed between leading edges of successive
REQ pulses and of successive ACK pulses to meet the device requirements for successful
reception of data. The drive supports transfer period of 50, 100, and 200 ns. In addition to this,
when the drive is working in LVD mode, it supports 25 ns transfer periods.
REQ/ACK Offset
X
The ACK/REQ offset (X above) is the maximum number of REQ pulses allowed to be outstanding
before the leading edge of its corresponding ACK pulses is received at the drive. A REQ/ACK
offset value of zero indicates asynchronous data transfer mode. The drive supports REQ/ACK
offset values in the range 0 through 127.
If ATN is negated before all bytes of a multiple-byte extended message are received, the drive will go to
BUS FREE to signal a catastrophic error.
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10.1.2.1 Synchronous Negotiation started by the Initiator
When the drive responds with REQ/ACK offset value of 0, the initiator shall use asynchronous data
transfer mode.
LVD mode. The drive responds to each Initiator requested transfer period as shown below.
Initiator Request
Target
Response
Target Transfer
Period (ns)
Transfer Rate
0 <= Mi <=
09
Mt = 10
25
Fast-40
10 <= Mi <=
10
Mt = 10
25
Fast-40
11 <= Mi <=
12
Mt = 12
50
Fast-20
13 <= Mi <=
25
Mt = 25
100
Fast-10
26 <= Mi <=
50
Mt = 50
200
Fast-5
51 <= Mi <= 255
Mt = 50
(Asynch mode)
Asynch
Figure 179. Initiator Request/Drive Response (LVD mode)
SE mode. The drive responds to each Initiator requested transfer period as shown below.
Initiator Request
Target
Response
Target Transfer
Period (ns)
Transfer Rate
0 <= Mi <=
11
Mt = 12
50
Fast-20
12 <= Mi <=
12
Mt = 12
50
Fast-20
13 <= Mi <=
25
Mt = 25
100
Fast-10
26 <= Mi <=
50
Mt = 50
200
Fast-5
51 <= Mi <= 255
Mt = 50
(Asynch mode)
Asynch
Figure 180. Initiator Request/Drive Response (SE mode)
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10.1.2.2 Synchronous Negotiation started by the drive
If the drive recognizes that negotiation is required, it sends a SDR message to the initiator with minimum
transfer period on the current receiver mode. The drive interprets the initiator corresponding transfer
period as shown in the figure below.
LVD mode
Initiator Request
Target Transfer Period (ns)
Transfer Rate
0 <= Mi <=
09
Send Mt = 10 to negotiate
10 <= Mi <=
10
25
11 <= Mi <=
12
50
Fast-20
13 <= Mi <=
25
100
Fast-10
26 <= Mi <=
50
200
Fast-5
(Asynch mode)
Asynch
51 <= Mi <= 255
N/A
Fast-40
Figure 181. Target Response to Initiator's Transfer Period (LVD mode)
SE Mode
Initiator Request
Target Transfer Period (ns)
0 <= Mi <=
11
Send Mt = 12 to negotiate
12 <= Mi <=
13 <= Mi <=
26 <= Mi <=
12
25
50
50
100
200
51 <= Mi <= 255
(Asynch mode)
Figure 182. Drive Response to Initiator's Transfer Period ( SE mode)
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Transfer Rate
N/A
Fast-20
Fast-10
Fast-5
Asynch
10.1.3 WIDE DATA TRANSFER REQUEST (010203H)
A pair of WIDE DATA TRANSFER REQUEST messages is exchanged between an initiator and a drive to
establish a data transfer width agreement between the two devices. The initiator may initiate a wide data
transfer negotiation at any time after the LUN has been identified. The drive initiates a wide data transfer
negotiation if the drive has not negotiated with the Initiator since the last time the drive was Reset
(Power-on Reset, SCSI Bus Hard Reset, or TARGET RESET message).
Drive-initiated negotiation occurs either immediately following the COMMAND phase or immediately following the first reconnection. In either case negotiation occurs before any DATA phase between the drive
and the initiator. The drive will negotiate the data transfer width agreement prior to negotiating the synchronous data transfer agreement. If a synchronous data transfer agreement is in effect when a WIDE
DATA TRANSFER REQUEST message is received, the drive will reset the synchronous agreement to
asynchronous mode.
The implied data transfer width agreement remains in effect until the drive is Reset (Power-on Reset,
SCSI Bus "hard" Reset, or TARGET RESET message) or a new data transfer width agreement is negotiated. If a Reset occurs, the drive to eight-bit mode.
Byte
Value
Description
0
01H
Extended message
1
02H
Extended message length
2
03H
WIDE DATA TRANSFER REQUEST code
3
E
Transfer width exponent
Figure 183. Wide Data Transfer Request.
E
The Transfer Width Exponent (E) is two to the transfer width exponent bytes wide. Valid data
transfer widths are 8 bits (E = 00h) and 16 bits (E = 01h). Values of E greater than 01h are
reserved.
10.1.3.1 Transfer Width Negotiation started by the Initiator
If the Initiator recognizes that negotiation is required and sends a WIDE DATA TRANSFER REQUEST
message out, the drive responds by changing to the Message In phase and sending a WIDE DATA
TRANSFER REQUEST message in to the Initiator prior to transferring any additional message bytes (or
any other Information phase bytes) from the Initiator. This provides an interlock during the data transfer
width negotiation.
The drive responds to each Initiator requested transfer width exponent as shown in the following table.
Initiator
Request
Target
Response
Target Data
Transfer Width
Ei = 00h
Et = 00h
8 Bit
Ei > 00h
Et = 01h
16 Bit
Figure 184. Initiator Request/Target Response
If, after the Target response above the Initiator asserts the ATN signal and the first message received is
either a MESSAGE PARITY ERROR or a MESSAGE REJECT message, the drive negates the data transfer width agreement and goes to 8 bits mode. For the MESSAGE PARITY ERROR case the implied data
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
181
transfer width agreement is reinstated if the drive successfully retransmits the WIDE DATA TRANSFER
REQUEST message to the Initiator. For any other message the drive completes negotiation and goes to
the negotiated data transfer width.
10.1.3.2 Transfer Width Negotiation started by the drive
If the drive recognizes that negotiation is required, it sends a WIDE DATA TRANSFER REQUEST message to the Initiator with the transfer width exponent equal to 1 (E = 01h). The Initiator must respond by
asserting the ATN signal prior to its release of ACK for the REQ/ACK handshake of the last byte of the
WIDE DATA TRANSFER REQUEST message. This provides an interlock during the wide data transfer
negotiation. If the Initiator does not assert the ATN signal, the drive goes to 8 bit mode. If the Initiator
asserts the ATN signal, the drive changes to the MESSAGE OUT phase and receives a message from the
initiator.
If the first message received is a WIDE DATA TRANSFER REQUEST message, the Target establishes
the new data transfer mode. The Target interprets the Initiator corresponding transfer width exponent as
shown in the following table.
Initiator Request
Target Data Transfer Width
Ei = 00h
8 Bit
Ei = 01h
16 Bit
Ei > 01h
(8 Bit)
Figure 185. Target Request to Initiator
If the first message received from the Initiator is either a MESSAGE PARITY ERROR or a MESSAGE
REJECT message, the drive goes to 8 bit data transfer mode. In the case of a MESSAGE PARITY
ERROR, the wide data transfer negotiation is restarted if the drive successfully retransmits the
WIDE DATA TRANSFER REQUEST message to the Initiator.
If the first message received from the Initiator is any other message, the Target goes to 8 bit data transfer
mode. The Target assumes that the Initiator does not support wide data transfer and does not attempt to
renegotiate with this Initiator.
The implied agreement for wide data transfer operation is not considered to exist by the Target until the
Target leaves the MESSAGE OUT phase, implying that no parity error was detected. If the Target detects
a parity error while attempting to receive the message from the Initiator, the Target goes to 8 bit data
transfer mode. The Target will attempt to resume the wide data transfer negotiation by retrying the
MESSAGE OUT phase.
Note: If during the MESSAGE IN phase of negotiations (either Target or Initiator started) ATN is asserted
prior to transmission of the last byte of the message and the message is not MESSAGE PARITY ERROR
or MESSAGE REJECT, the drive goes to 8-bit data transfer mode.
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10.1.4 PARALLEL PROTOCOL REQUEST (01,06,04H)
Parallel Protocol Request messages are used to negotiate a synchronous data transfer agreement and a
wide data transfer agreement and to set the protocol options between two SCSI devices.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Extended message = 01h
1
Extended message length = 06h
2
Parallel Protocol Request = 04h
3
Transfer period factor
4
Reserved = 00h
5
REQ/ACK Offset
6
Transfer Width Exponent
7
PCOMP_EN
RTI
RTI
2
RD_STRM WR_FLOW HOLD_MCS QAS_REQ
1
0
DT_REQ
IU_REQ
Figure 186. Parallel Protocol Request.
PARALLEL PROTOCOL REQUEST messages are used to negotiate a synchronous data transfer
agreement and a wide data transfer agreement and to set the protocol options between the initiator
and the drive.
Transfer Period Factor selects the transfer period and determines the timing values for the transfer rate.
When both DT_REQ and IU_REQ are set to one, the following values are used. For the values larger than
9 is received from the initiator when both DT_REQ and IU_REQ are set to one, the drive responds with
these bits set to zero.
Initiator Request
Target
Response
Target Transfer
Period (ns)
0 <= Mi <=
8
Mt = 08h
6.25
Fast-160
9 <= Mi <=
9
Mt = 09h
12.5
Fast-80
Figure 187. Initiator Request/Target Response (DT_REQ = 1, IU_REQ = 1)
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Transfer Rate
If DT_REQ is set to one and IU_REQ is set to zero, the following values are used.
Initiator Request
Target
Response
Target Transfer
Period (ns)
Transfer Rate
0 <= Mi <=
9
Mt = 09h
12.5
Fast-80
10 <= Mi <=
10
Mt = 0Ah
25
Fast-40
11 <= Mi <=
12
Mt = 0Ch
50
Fast-20
13 <= Mi <=
25
Mt = 19h
100
Fast-10
26 <= Mi <= 255
Mt = 19h
(Asynch Mode)
Asynch
Figure 188. Initiator Request/Target Response (DT_REQ = 1, IU_REQ = 0
If both DT_REQ and IU_REQ are set to zero, the following values are used.
Initiator Request
Target
Response
Target Transfer
Period (ns)
Transfer Rate
0 <= Mi <=
10
Mt = 0Ah
25
Fast-40
11 <= Mi <=
12
Mt = 0Ch
50
Fast-20
13 <= Mi <=
25
Mt = 19h
100
Fast-10
26 <= Mi <=
50
Mt = 32h
200
Fast-5
51 <= Mi <= 255
Mt = 32h
(Asynch Mode)
Asynch
Figure 189. Initiator Request/Target Response (DT_REQ = 0, IU_REQ = 0
! REQ/ACK Offset determines the maximum number of REQs allowed to be outstanding before a
corresponding ACK is received at the drive during synchronous or paced transfers. The REQ/ACK
Offset value is chosen to prevent overflow conditions in the reception buffer and offset counter of the
drive. The drive supports maximum offset of 127 (7Fh). A REQ/ACK Offset value of zero indicates
asynchronous data transfer mode and that the Transfer Period Factor and the protocol options bits
except QAS_REQ will be ignored.
! Transfer Wide Exponent defines the transfer width to be used during DATA IN and DATA OUT
phases. If any of the protocol options bits other than QAS_REQ are set to one, then only wide transfer
agreements are valid. The following values are supported.
–
–
00h: 8 bit data bus (Narrow transfer agreement).
01h: 16 bit data bus (Wide transfer agreement).
! PCOMP_EN (Precompensation Enable) is used to negotiate if the precompensation is enabled on all
signals transmitted during DT DATA phases. The drive supports PCOMP_EN.
! RTI (Retain Training Information) is used to negotiate if the saving of paced data transfer training information is made so that the retraining is not necessary on each connection. The drive support RTI.
! RD_STRM (Read Streaming and Read Flow Control Enable) is used to negotiate if read streaming
and read flow control are enabled. The drive supports RD_STRM.
! WR_FLOW (Write Flow Control Enable) is used to negotiate if write flow control is enabled during
write streaming. The drive supports WR_FLOW.
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! HOLD_MCS (Hold Margin Control Settings) is used to negotiate if any margin control settings which
has been set with the margin control subpage of the port control mode page is retained.
! QAS_REQ (Quick Arbitration and Selection Enable Request) is used to negotiate if QAS is enabled.
The drive supports QAS when IU_REQ is negotiated to be effective.
! DT_REQ (DT Clocking Enable Request) is used to negotiate if DT DATA phase is enabled. The drive
supports DT_REQ.
! IU_REQ (Information Unit Enable Request) is used to negotiate if information unit transfer is enabled.
The drive supports IU_REQ.
10.1.5 SAVE DATA POINTER (02h)
This message is sent from the drive to direct the initiator to copy the active data pointer to the saved data
pointer. The SAVE DATA POINTER message is only sent if the initiator has previously indicated the ability
to accommodate disconnection and reconnection via the IDENTIFY message.
The drive will send the SAVE DATA POINTER message to the initiator prior to sending a DISCONNECT
message to the initiator if a DATA phase has occurred and another data phase is required to successfully
complete the command.
10.1.6 RESTORE POINTERS (03h)
This message is sent from the drive to direct an initiator to copy the most recently saved pointers to the
corresponding command, data, and status pointers. Command and status pointers should be restored
to the beginning of the present command and status areas. The data pointer should be restored to the
value at the beginning of the data area in the absence of a SAVE DATA POINTER message or to the
value at the point at which the last SAVE DATA POINTER message occurred. Also see Section 10.4,
"SCSI Bus Related Error Handling Protocol" on page 191.
10.1.7 DISCONNECT (04h)
This message is sent from the drive to inform an initiator that the present connection is going to be broken.
A later reconnect will be required in order to complete the current command. The disconnection serves to
free the SCSI bus while the drive performs a relatively long operation that does not require the bus. These
messages are sent only if the initiator previously indicated (via the IDENTIFY message) the ability to
accommodate disconnection and reconnection.
The DISCONNECT message may also be sent from the initiator to the drive to disconnect from the SCSI
bus. The drive does not support the DISCONNECT message from the initiator. And it always responds by
sending MESSAGE REJECT message to the initiator.
10.1.8 INITIATOR DETECTED ERROR (05h)
This message is sent from an initiator to inform the drive that an error has been detected that does not
preclude the drive from retrying the previous COMMAND, DATA, STATUS and MESSAGE IN phase. The
source of the error may be either related to previous activities on the SCSI bus or may be internal to the
initiator and unrelated to any previous SCSI bus activity
If the initiator intends to send this message, the initiator must assert the ATN signal prior to its release of
ACK for the last byte transferred in the information phase that is to be retried. This provides an interlock so
the drive can determine which information phase to retry.
After receiving this message, the drive may retry the previous phase by sending a RESTORE POINTERS
message to the initiator and then repeating the previous COMMAND, DATA, or STATUS phase.
After receiving this message the drive may retry the MESSAGE IN phase by switching to the MESSAGE
IN phase with asserting REQ and repeating the previous MESSAGE IN phase.
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10.1.9 ABORT (06h)
This message is sent from the initiator to direct the drive to clear the present operation for this initiator and
logical unit including queued command(s). If a logical unit has been identified, then all pending data and
status for the issuing initiator and this logical unit will be cleared and the drive will go to the BUS FREE
phase. Pending data and status for other logical unit and initiators will not be cleared. If a logical unit has
not been identified, the drive will go to the BUS FREE phase without affecting an operation on any logical
unit for this initiator or any other initiator. In either case no status or ending message will be sent to the
initiator for this operation. It is not an error to send the ABORT message to a logical unit that is not
currently performing an operation for the initiator.
Note: It is permissible for an initiator to select the drive/LUN after the drive has disconnected from the initiator for the purpose of sending an IDENTIFY message followed by an ABORT message. This will abort
the command on the specified logical unit.
10.1.10 MESSAGE REJECT (07h)
This message is sent from either the initiator or the drive to indicate that the last message received was
inappropriate or has not been implemented.
If the initiator intends to send this message, the initiator must assert the ATN signal prior to its release of
ACK for the REQ/ACK handshake of the message byte that is to be rejected. This provides an interlock so
the drive can determine which message is rejected.
If the drive intends to send this message, the drive will change to the MESSAGE IN phase and send the
MESSAGE REJECT message to the initiator prior to transferring any additional message bytes (or any
other information phase bytes) from the initiator regardless of ATN signal. This provides an interlock so
the initiator can determine which message is rejected. After the drive sends a MESSAGE REJECT
message and if ATN signal is still asserted, it shall return to the MESSAGE OUT phase. The subsequent
MESSAGE OUT phase shall begin with the first byte of a message.
10.1.11 NO OPERATION (08h)
This message is sent from the initiator to the drive when the initiator does not currently have any other
valid message to send. This message is ignored by the drive and will not affect any operation.
10.1.12 MESSAGE PARITY ERROR (09h)
This message is sent from the initiator to inform the drive that the last message byte received had a parity
error.
If the initiator intends to send this message, the initiator must assert the ATN signal prior to its release of
ACK for the REQ/ACK handshake of the message byte that has the parity error. This provides an interlock
so the drive can determine which message byte has the parity error.
If the drive receives this message under any other circumstance, the drive will change to BUS FREE to
signal a catastrophic error. After receiving this message, the drive will retry sending the previous message
to the initiator.
10.1.13 LINKED COMMAND COMPLETE (0Ah)
The drive sends this message to the initiator to indicate that execution of a linked command (with flag bit
equal to zero) has completed and that valid status has been sent to the initiator. After successfully sending
this message, the drive goes to COMMAND phase to receive the next command.
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10.1.14 LINKED COMMAND COMPLETE WITH FLAG (0Bh)
The drive sends this message to the initiator to indicate that the execution of a linked command with flag
bit set to one has completed and that valid status has been sent to the initiator. After successfully sending
this message, the drive goes to COMMAND phase to receive the next command.
10.1.15 TARGET RESET (0Ch)
This message is sent from an initiator to direct the drive to clear all current commands. This message
forces a hard reset condition which will reset the drive to an initial state with no operations pending for any
initiator. After receiving this message the drive will go to the BUS FREE phase.
10.1.16 ABORT TAG (0Dh)
When the drive successfully receives this message, it clears the current I/O process and go to Bus Free. If
the drive has already started execution of an I/O process, the execution will be halted. Pending status,
data, and commands for other active or queued I/O processes shall not be affected.
10.1.17 CLEAR QUEUE TAG (0Eh)
All I/O processes for all initiators shall be cleared. All active I/O processes shall be terminated. The
drive shall go to the Bus Free phase following successfully receipt of this message.
10.1.18 QUEUE TAG MESSAGES (20xxh, 21xxh, 22xxh)
Byte
0
1
Value
Description
20H
Simple
21H
Head of Queue
22H
Ordered
XXh
Queue Tag
Figure 190. Queue Tag Messages
Queue Tag messages are used to specify an identifier called a Queue Tag for an I/O process which
establish the I_T_L_Q nexus. The queue tag filed is an 8-bit unsigned integer assigned by the initiator
during an initial connection. The Queue Tag for every I/O process for each I_T_L nexus must be unique. If
the drive receives a Queue Tag that is currently in use for the I_T_L nexus, it will respond as "Incorrect
Initiator Response". A Queue Tag becomes available for reassignment when I/O process ends. The
numeric value of a Queue Tag has no effect on the order of execution.
Whenever an initiator connects to the drive, the appropriate Queue Tag message must be sent immediately following the Identify message and within the same MESSAGE OUT phase to establish the
I_T_L_Q nexus for the I/O process.
Whenever the drive reconnects to an initiator to continue a tagged I/O process, the Simple Queue Tag
message is sent immediately following the Identify and within the same MESSAGE IN phase to revive the
I_T_L_Q nexus for the I/O process.
10.1.18.1 SIMPLE (20xxh)
The SIMPLE Message specifies that the current I/O process be placed in the command queue. The order
of execution with respect to other I/O processes received with SIMPLE Queue Tag Messages is up to the
discretion of the drive. The drive will send a SIMPLE Queue Tag Messages after reselection for I/O
processes that were received with either SIMPLE, ORDERED, or HEAD OF QUEUE messages.
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10.1.18.2 HEAD OF QUEUE (21xxh)
Commands with this tag should be inserted into the head of the queue. When a command is being
executed, this tagged command will be inserted to the head of queue to be executed after the command
being currently executed. The previous executed command will not be terminated by this tagged command. This tagged command will wait until the previous command is completed. If plural head-of-queue
tagged commands are received, those command will be executed in LIFO (Last in First out) order.
10.1.18.3 ORDERED (22xxh)
This tagged command is executed in the order received. All commands received before this command
should be executed before this command and all commands received after this command should be
executed after this command.
10.1.19 IGNORE WIDE RESIDUE (2301h)
Byte
Value
Description
0
23H
Ignore Wide Residue message
1
01H
Ignore
Figure 191. Ignore Wide Residue Message Format
The IGNORE WIDE RESIDUE MESSAGE is sent from the drive to indicate that the number of valid bytes
sent during the last REQ/ACK handshake of a DATA IN phase is less than the negotiated transfer width.
The ignore field (always = 01h) indicates that one byte (data bits 8-15) should be ignored. This message is
sent immediately after the DATA IN phase and prior to any other messages. Even though a byte is invalid,
it's corresponding parity bit is valid for the value transferred.
10.1.20 IDENTIFY (80 - FFh)
This message is set by either the initiator or the drive to establish the logical path connection between the
two devices.
The IDENTIFY message is defined as follows:
Bit 7
This bit is always set to one to distinguish the IDENTIFY message from other messages.
Bit 6
This bit is only set to one by the initiator to grant the drive the privilege of disconnecting. If this
bit is zero, the drive will not disconnect unless the initiator instructs the drive to disconnect by
sending a DISCONNECT message to the drive. This bit is set to zero when the drive sends an
IDENTIFY message to the initiator.
Bits 5-0
These bits specify the logical unit number (LUN).
Only one LUN may be identified for any one selection sequence. If the drive receives an
IDENTIFY message with a new LUN after the LUN had previously been identified, the drive will
go to the BUS FREE phase to signal a catastrophic error. The initiator may send more than
one Identify message during a selection sequence in order to toggle disconnect/ reconnect
permission if the specified LUN remains the same.
When the IDENTIFY message is sent from the drive to the initiator during reconnection, an implied
RESTORE POINTERS message must be performed by the initiator.
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10.2 Supported Message Functions
The implementation of the supported messages will also include the following functions.
! Retry SCSI Command or STATUS phase
The retry will be caused by the following error condition.
- The drive detected SCSI bus parity error (COMMAND phase)
- The drive receives INITIATOR DETECTED ERROR MESSAGE during or at the conclusion of an
information transfer phase (Command Data Out or Status Phase)
Note: The initiator may send the INITIATOR DETECTED ERROR message as a result of an initiator
detected SCSI Bus parity error or an internal error.
! Retry MESSAGE IN phase
The retry will be caused by the receipt of a MESSAGE PARITY ERROR message or INITIATOR
DETECTED ERROR message immediately following a MESSAGE IN phase.
Note: The Initiator may send the MESSAGE PARITY ERROR message as a result of an Initiator
detected SCSI Bus parity error during the MESSAGE IN phase. The initiator may send the INITIATOR
DETECTED ERROR message as a result of an Initiator detected an internal error during the
MESSAGE IN phase.
! Receipt of multiple Identify message
- The initiator is allowed to send multiple IDENTIFY messages out in order to toggle the disconnect/reconnect permission bit. This may be used to selectively enable or disable disconnect/
reconnect permission during portions of a command. Note that this function does not affect the
operation of the Forced Disconnect function.
! MESSAGE REJECT during Drive Disconnection
- If the Initiator rejects the SAVE DATA POINTER message, the drive will disable disconnect/
reconnect permission. This is equivalent to receiving an IDENTIFY message with bit 6 equal to
zero. This will cause the drive to inhibit the pending disconnection.
- If the initiator rejects the DISCONNECT message, the drive will not disconnect but may attempt to
disconnect at a later time. This function may be used to selectively disable disconnection during
portions of a command.
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10.3 Attention Condition
The attention condition allows an initiator to inform the drive that a MESSAGE OUT phase is desired. The
initiator may create the attention condition by asserting the ATN signal at any time except during the
ARBITRATION or BUS FREE phases.
The initiator must create the attention condition by asserting the ATN signal at least two deskew delays
before releasing ACK for the last byte transferred in a bus phase to guarantee that the attention condition
will be honored before transition to a new bus phase. This will guarantee a predictable drive response to a
message received during the MESSAGE OUT phase for this attention condition. If the ATN signal is
asserted later, it may be honored in the current bus phase or the next bus phase and then may not result
in the expected action.
After the initiator asserts the ATN signal, the drive will respond with the MESSAGE OUT phase as follows:
Current Phase
Response
COMMAND
MESSAGE OUT phase will occur after part or all of the Command Descriptor Block
has been transferred to the drive. The initiator must continue REQ/ACK handshakes
during the COMMAND phase until the drive enters the MESSAGE OUT phase.
DATA
The MESSAGE OUT phase will occur after part or all of the data bytes have been
transferred and not necessarily on a logical block boundary. The initiator must
continue REQ/ACK handshakes (asynchronous transfer) until it detects the phase
change.
Note: In synchronous transfer the initiator must continue sending ACK pulses to reach
an offset of zero.
STATUS
The MESSAGE OUT phase will occur after the REQ/ACK handshake of the status
byte has been completed.
MESSAGE IN
The MESSAGE OUT phase will occur before the drive sends another message.
SELECTION
If ATN occurs during a SELECTION phase and before the initiator releases the BSY
signal, the MESSAGE OUT phase will occur immediately after that SELECTION
phase.
RESELECTION
The MESSAGE OUT phase will occur after the drive has sent its IDENTIFY message
for that RESELECTION phase. (First the drive tries to complete the reselection.)
The initiator must keep the ATN signal asserted if more than one message byte is to be transferred during
the MESSAGE Out phase. The drive will process each message byte (multiple bytes for an extended
message) prior to receiving the next message from the initiator. The drive will continue to handshake and
process byte(s) in the MESSAGE OUT phase until ATN goes false unless one of the following conditions
occurs:
1. The drive receives an illegal or inappropriate message and goes to the MESSAGE IN phase to send a
MESSAGE REJECT message.
2. The drive detects a catastrophic error condition and goes to the BUS FREE phase.
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10.4 SCSI Bus Related Error Handling Protocol
This protocol is used to handle errors that threaten the integrity of a connection between the Target and
an initiator.
10.4.1 Unexpected BUS FREE Phase Error Condition
There are several error conditions that will cause the drive to immediately change to the BUS FREE phase
regardless of the state of the ATN signal. The drive will not attempt to reconnect to the initiator to complete
the operation that was in progress when the error condition was detected. The initiator should interpret this
as a catastrophic error condition.
If the LUN was identified by the drive prior to the error condition, the drive will abort the active command
for this initiator/LUN and generate sense data for this initiator/LUN to describe the cause of the catastrophic error. The initiator may retrieve this sense data by issuing a REQUEST SENSE command to this
LUN. Note however, that the REQUEST SENSE command may fail if the catastrophic error condition
persists.
If the LUN was not identified by the drive prior to the error condition, the drive will not affect the sense data
or the operation of any currently executing command for this initiator or any other initiator.
10.4.2 MESSAGE OUT Phase Parity Error
The drive will optionally retry the message phase and, if it still fails, abort the current command with
CHECK CONDITION status and sense data of ABORTED COMMAND / SCSI PARITY ERROR. If the
parity error occurs before the ITL nexus is established (on the initial IDENTIFY message), the drive is to
go to the bus free state.
10.4.3 MESSAGE IN Phase Parity Error (MESSAGE PARITY ERROR)
The drive may retry the message phase and, if it still fails, abort the current command and go to bus free,
setting sense data of ABORTED COMMAND / SCSI PARITY ERROR.
10.4.4 COMMAND Phase Parity Error
The drive may retry the command phase after sending a restore pointers message. If it still fails, it will
abort the current command with CHECK CONDITION status and sense data of ABORTED COMMAND /
SCSI PARITY ERROR.
10.4.5 DATA OUT Phase Parity Error
If the drive detects a parity error during DATA OUT phase, the drive will abort the current command with
CHECK CONDITION status and sense data of ABORTED COMMAND / SCSI PARITY ERROR.
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10.4.6 INITIATOR DETECTED ERROR Message
An INITIATOR DETECTED ERROR message is valid after a COMMAND, DATA IN/OUT or STATUS
phase has occurred. If another phase has occurred, the message is rejected. Depending on the model,
the drive will optionally retry the previous phase if it is command or status. If this fails or the previous
phase was a data transfer the drive will generate a CHECK CONDITION status and a Sense key of
ABORTED COMMAND with additional sense code of INITIATOR DETECTED ERROR.
10.4.7 MESSAGE REJECT Message
The drive will take the following actions after receiving the MESSAGE REJECT message in response to
messages listed below.
DISCONNECT
The drive is not disconnected but remains connected.
COMMAND COMPLETE
No error, continue to BUS FREE.
IDENTIFY
Command aborted - enter BUS FREE - Sense data set to MESSAGE
REJECT ERROR.
LINKED CMD CMPLT
Command aborted - link broken - enter BUS FREE - sense data set to
MESSAGE REJECT ERROR.
MESSAGE REJECT
Command aborted - STATUS phase executed with CHECK CONDITION
- sense data set to MESSAGE REJECT ERROR.
RESTORE POINTERS
Command aborted - status set to CHECK CONDITION - sense will be set
with the error that caused the RESTORE POINTERS message to be
issued. (Assuming that error recovery is in progress)
SAVE DATA POINTER
The drive will not disconnect from the SCSI bus and it will not be
considered an error.
No previous Msg
MESSAGE REJECT message is returned in response to initiator's
MESSAGE REJECT message.
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11.0 Additional information
This chapter provides additional information or descriptions of various functions, features, or operating
models supported by the Target that are not fully described in previous chapters.
11.1 SCSI Protocol
There are various operating conditions that prevent the Target from executing a SCSI command. This
section describes each of these operating conditions and their relative priority.
11.1.1 Priority of SCSI Status Byte Reporting
After establishing the I_T_L nexus or I_T_L_Q nexus the Target must first determine whether command
execution is allowed. Execution is deferred until a later time if the command must be added to the command queue. Execution may also be prevented by an internal Target condition that requires the reporting
of a CHECK CONDITION, QUEUE FULL, BUSY or RESERVATION CONFLICT Status. There are several
different internal conditions to be active at the same time. The order in which the Target checks for each of
these conditions determines their priority (highest priority first) as follows:
1. CHECK CONDITION status for invalid Logical Unit Number. See Section 11.1.2 , “Invalid LUN in
Identify Message” on page 194.
2. CHECK CONDITION status for Incorrect Initiator Connection. See Section 11.1.3 , “Incorrect Initiator
Connection” on page 194.
3. BUSY Status or QUEUE FULL Status. See Section 11.1.4 “Command processing during execution
of active I/O process” on page 194.
4. CHECK CONDITION status for UNIT ATTENTION condition. See Section 11.1.5 “Unit Attention
Condition” on page 196.
5. CHECK CONDITION status during Startup and Format operations. See Section 11.1.6 “Command
processing during startup and format operations” on page 197.
6. CHECK CONDITION status for Deferred Error Condition. See Section 11.1.7 , “Deferred Error” on
page 197.
7. RESERVATION CONFLICT status. See Section 11.1.9 , “Command processing while reserved” on
page 203.
8. CHECK CONDITION status for invalid command opcode
9. CHECK CONDITION status for invalid command descriptor block
The highest priority internal condition that prevents command execution is reported by theTarget if there is
no bus error.
For all CHECK CONDITION Sense data is built by the drive provided a valid LUN address is known.
Sense data is cleared by the Target upon receipt of any subsequent command to the LUN from the
initiator receiving the CHECK CONDITION.
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11.1.2 Invalid LUN in Identify Message
There are three different circumstances defined within the SCSI protocol when the response to an invalid
LUN will occur. Each of these result in a different response.
1.1.1 .1 Case 1 - Selection message sequence with Inquiry command
The INQUIRY command is a special case in SCSI. It is used to configure the bus when the drive ID's and
LUN's are not known. The proper response is to return the inquiry data with a peripheral drive type of 1Fh
which indicates that the specified LUN is not supported.
1.1.1 .1 Case 2 - Selection message sequence with any other command
Any other commands except REQUEST SENSE return CHECK CONDITION status when an invalid LUN
is specified in the message sequence following selection. In response to a REQUEST SENSE command
the drive shall return sense data. The sense key shall be set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional
sense code shall be set to LOGICAL UNIT NOT SUPPORTED.
11.1.2 .1 Case 3 - After selection message sequence
It is permissible for the initiator to issue multiple IDENTIFY messages during a single command sequence
provided the LUN remains the same. If the LUN is altered, the drive goes to a BUS FREE Phase.
11.1.3 Incorrect Initiator Connection
Incorrect Initiator Connection error is reported if any of the following conditions occur:
! an Initiator attempts to establish an I_T_L nexus when an I/O process (either queued or active) with
an I_T_L nexus already exists from a previous connection with the same initiator.
! an Initiator attempts to establish an I_T_L_Q nexus when an I/O process (either queued or active)
with an I_T_L_Q nexus already exists from a previous connection with the same initiator.
Note: It is not an Incorrect Initiator Connection to attempt to establish an I_T_L nexus when an I_T_L_Q
nexus already exists or establish an I_T_L_Q nexus when an I_T_L nexus already exists.
But when sense is pending on the logical unit for the initiator and send command is not REQUEST
SENSE, INQUIRY or REPORT LUNS, sense data is cleared upon receipt of the command.
If any of the above errors occur, all queued I/O processes and active I/O processes associated with the
issuing Initiator on the specified logical unit are terminated. The current I/O process is ended with a
CHECK CONDITION status, the sense key is set to ABORTED COMMAND, and the additional sense
code is set to OVERLAPPED COMMANDS ATTEMPTED. Status is only returned for the current I/O
process.
11.1.4 Command Processing during execution of active I/O process
When the Target is not executing any active I/O processes, a new I/O process is permitted to execute
unless execution is prevented by another internal Target condition listed in Section 11.1.1 , “Priority of
SCSI Status Byte Reporting" on page 193.
If an active I/O process does exist when the Target receives a new command, the Target determines how
the new command should be handled based on the following rules:
! CHECK CONDITION Status is returned with Sense Key set to ABORTED COMMAND for an Incorrect
Initiator Connector Condition error. See 11.1.3, “Incorrect Initiator Connection.”
! the command is permitted to execute if the command is an INQUIRY, REQUEST SENSE, or
REPORT LUNS command
! CHECK CONDITION Status is returned with Sense Key set to Logical Unit Not Ready if the bringup
operation or format operation is an active process.
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! the command is permitted to execute if the conditions to execute concurrently are met. (See
Section 11.5, “Concurrent I/O Process.”)
! the command is added to the command queue for an I_T_L nexus under the following conditions:
- no Queue Tag message was received during the connection which established the I/O process,
- disconnection is allowed for the current I/O process
- there is no queued I/O process or active I/O process corresponding to the I_T_L nexus for the
current I/O process
- the command is not linked to a previous command
! the command is added to the command queue for an I_T_L_Q nexus under the following conditions:
-
a Queue Tag message was received during the connection which established the I/O process
Tagged Queuing is enabled (DQue, Mode Page A is set to zero)
an I/O process (either active or queued) exists at the Target for this Initiator
disconnection is allowed for the current I/O process
there is no queued I/O process or active I/O process corresponding to the I_T_L_Q nexus for the
current I/O process
- the command is not linked to a previous command
! QUEUE FULL Status is returned under one of the following conditions:
- the command would otherwise be queued (according to the rules described above) but the command queue is full and all slots are utilized
- the command would otherwise be queued (according to the rules described above) but all of the
available command queue slots not reserved for use by another initiator are utilized
- Tagged Queuing is enabled (DQue is set to zero) and a FORMAT UNIT command was previously
queued but has not yet begun execution
- Tagged Queuing is enabled (DQue is set to zero) and a START STOP UNIT command was previously queued but has not yet begun execution
! BUSY Status is returned under one of the following conditions:
- Tagged Queuing is disabled (DQue = 1) and a FORMAT UNIT command was previously queued
but has not yet begun execution
- Tagged Queuing is disabled (DQue = 1) and a START STOP UNIT command was previously
queued but has not yet begun execution
- the command would otherwise be queued (according to the rules described above) but disconnection is not allowed for the current I/O process.
If a command is queued, command execution may still be prevented at a later time when the command
is dequeued to become an active I/O process. This occurs if command execution is prevented by another
internal Target condition listed in Section 11.1.1, “Priority of SCSI Status Byte Reporting” at the time the
command is dequeued.
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11.1.5 Unit Attention Condition
The drive will generate a unit attention condition for each initiator under the following conditions:
!
The drive has been reset. This includes Power On Reset, SCSI Bus Reset, and TARGET RESET
message.
!
The transceiver mode has been changed.
!
The mode parameters in effect for this initiator have been changed by another initiator.
!
The log page parameters have been cleared by LOG SELECT command with PCR bit. In this case a
unit attention condition is generated for all initiators except the one that issued the command.
!
The registration or reservation made by send PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command is cleared by
another initiator. In this case a unit attention condition is generated for all initiators that the
registration or reservation is cleared except the one that issued the command.
!
The device identifier information is set by SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER command. In this case a unit
attention condition is generated for all initiators except the one that issued command.
!
FORMAT UNIT command has been completed. In this case a unit attention condition is generated
for all initiators except the one that issued command.
!
The microcode has been changed. WRITE BUFFER command has been executed to download
microcode. In this case a unit attention condition is generated for all initiators except the one that
issued the command.
!
Commands are cleared by another initiator. This condition is generated against the initiator that has
queued commands if
!
– CLEAR TASK SET message is received.
– Contingent Allegiance Condition is cleared when Err (Mode Page A) is 01b.
– DQue (Mode Page A) is set to one while queued command exist.
PFA threshold has been exceeded when Method of Reporting defined in Mode Page 1Ch is 2h
(Generate unit attention).
If the drive receives a command from each initiator before reporting a CHECK CONDITION status for
a pending unit attention condition for that initiator, the response of the drive varies with the command as
follows:
INQUIRY
The drive executes the command with a GOOD status and preserves the unit
attention condition.
REPORT LUNS
same as above.
REQUEST SENSE
If the drive has an available pending sense data for the initiator, the drive sends
the pending sense data and preserves the unit attention condition for the initiator.
If the drive does not have an available pending sense data for the initiator, the
drive sends sense data for the unit attention condition and clears the unit
attention condition for the initiator.
Note : the drive sends sense data for the unit attention condition in spite of setting
of UAI jumper or UAI (Mode Page 0).
ALL OTHER
The drive terminates the command with a CHECK CONDITION status and
preserves the unit attention condition.
See Section 11.15 "Contingent Allegiance Condition" on page 209 for the drive responses when it
receives a command from an initiator after reporting a CHECK CONDITION status for a pending unit
attention condition for that initiator.
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11.1.6 Command Processing During Startup and Format Operations
If the drive receives a command from an Initiator while it is executing a startup or format operation, the
response of the drive varies with the command as follows:
INQUIRY
The drive sends INQUIRY data and returns appropriate status.
REPORT LUNS
Same as above.
REQUEST SENSE
Executes the command, returns a Sense key of NOT READY and an Additional
Sense Code of LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY and returns GOOD STATUS.
The Additional Sense Code Qualifier that is returned depends on type of I/O
processes that are active:
For the START/STOP UNIT and the Auto-start operation, the qualifier returned is
LOGICAL UNIT IS IN PROCESS OF BECOMING READY. For the FORMAT
UNIT command, the qualifier returned is LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY, FORMAT
IN PROGRESS, and the Sense key specific bytes are set to return the progress
indication.
ALL OTHER
The drive terminates the command with CHECK CONDITION status. The Sense
data generated is described in Request Sense above.
11.1.7 Deferred Error
Error code (71h) of sense data indicates that the CHECK CONDITION status returned is the result of an
error or exception condition that occurred during execution of a previous command for which GOOD
status has already been returned.
The drive creates an Deferred Error condition when
!
!
FORMAT UNIT command with the immediate bit of one ends with an error.
WRITE command ends with an error when WCE (Mode Page 8) is set to one.
11.1.8 Degraded Mode
There are certain errors or conditions which may impair the ability of the drive to function normally. This
mode of limited operation is called the Degraded Mode.
There are three conditions in the Degraded Mode:
! Spindle Motor Degrade is caused by one of the following conditions:
–
–
–
–
–
Spindle Motor is not started by the option jumper setting (Disable Auto Spin Up)
Spindle Motor is delayed from spinning up by the option jumper setting (Auto Start Delay)
Spindle Motor was started (by POR or START STOP UNIT command) and the Target is under
the bring-up operation
Spindle Motor failed to start
Spindle Motor was stopped by START STOP UNIT command after the drive successfully completed the Self Configuration
! Bring-Up Failure Degraded is caused by one of the following conditions:
–
–
Read failure of RAM code or configuration information from media during the bring-up operation
Invalid RAM code or configuration information
! Format Command Failure Degraded
This condition is caused when FORMAT UNIT command failed or was interrupted abnormally (FDD,
Mode Page 0, controls Format Degraded mode)
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11.1.8 .1 Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode
The following tables show the degraded mode status with acceptable commands and additional sense
codes.
Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The Target may return Sense Key
020402h (NOT READY, INITIALIZE COMMAND
REQUIRED)
INQUIRY
Executed
REPORT LUNS
Executed
TEST UNIT READY
Executed and Check Condition 020402h is
returned with Sense KCQ NOT READY)
(INITIALIZE COMMAND REQUIRED)
START STOP UNIT
(Start)
Executed
- Success: GOOD Status is returned. Spindle
Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Spindle Motor Start Failure: CHECK CONDITION with Sense KCQ 020400h (NOT READY,
START SPINDLE MOTOR FAIL)
- Bring-up Failure: CHECK CONDITION with
Sense KCQ 024080h (NOT READY, DIAG FAIL BRING-UP FAIL) or Sense KCQ 024085h (NOT
READY, DIAG FAIL - RAM CODE NOT LOADED)
START STOP UNIT
(Stop)
Executed. GOOD STATUS is returned. Motor
Degraded Mode is NOT cleared
Other Commands
Not Executed. CHECK CONDITION is returned
with Sense KCQ 020402h (NOT READY, INITIALIZE COMMAND REQUIRED)
Figure 192. Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Disable Auto Start
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Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The drive may return Sense KCQ
020401h (NOT READY, IN PROCESS OF BECOMING
READY)
INQUIRY
Executed
REPORT LUNS
Executed
TEST UNIT READY
Executed and CHECK CONDITION is returned
with Sense KCQ 020401h (NOT READY, IN
PROCESS OF BECOMING READY)
START STOP UNIT
(Start)
Executed
- Success: GOOD status is returned. Spindle
Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Spindle Motor Start Failure: CHECK
CONDITION with Sense KCQ 020400h (NOT
READY, START SPINDLE MOTOR FAIL)
- Bring-up Failure: CHECK CONDITION with
Sense KCQ 024080h (NOT READY, DIAG FAIL BRING-UP FAIL) or Sense KCQ 024085h (NOT
READY, DIAG FAIL - RAM CODE NOT LOADED)
Other Commands
Not Executed. CHECK CONDITION is returned
with Sense KCQ 020401h (NOT READY, IN
PROCESS OF BECOMING READY)
Figure 193. Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Auto Start Delay/Spinning Up
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Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The drive may return Sense KCQ
020400h (NOT READY, START SPINDLE MOTOR
FAIL)
INQUIRY
Executed
REPORT LUNS
Executed
TEST UNIT READY
Executed and CHECK CONDITION is returned
with Sense KCQ 020400h (NOT READY, START
SPINDLE MOTOR FAIL)
START STOP UNIT
(Start)
Executed
- Success: Good status is returned. Spindle
Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Spindle Motor Start Failure: CHECK
CONDITION with Sense KCQ 020400h (NOT
READY, START SPINDLE MOTOR FAIL)
- Bring-up Failure: CHECK CONDITION with
Sense KCQ 024080h (NOT READY, DIAG FAIL BRING-UP FAIL) or Sense KCQ 024085h (NOT
READY, DIAG FAIL - RAM CODE NOT LOADED)
START STOP UNIT
(Stop)
Executed. GOOD Status is returned.
Degraded Mode is NOT cleared
Other Commands
Not Executed. CHECK CONDITION is returned
with Sense KCQ 020400h (NOT READY, START
SPINDLE MOTOR FAIL)
Figure 194. Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Spindle Start Failure
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Motor
Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The drive may return Sense KCQ
020402h (NOT READY, INITIALIZE COMMAND
REQUIRED)
INQUIRY
Executed
REPORT LUNS
Executed
TEST UNIT READY
Executed and CHECK CONDITION is returned
with Sense KCQ 020402h (NOT READY,
INITIALIZE COMMAND REQUIRED)
START STOP UNIT
(Start)
Executed
- Success: Good status is returned. Spindle
Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Spindle Motor Start Failure: CHECK
CONDITION with Sense Key 020400h (NOT
READY, START SPINDLE MOTOR FAIL)
- Bring-up Failure: CHECK CONDITION with
Sense KCQ 024080h (NOT READY, DIAG FAIL BRING-UP FAIL) or Sense KCQ 024085h (NOT
READY, DIAG FAIL - RAM CODE NOT LOADED)
START STOP UNIT
(Stop)
Executed. GOOD Status is returned.
Degraded Mode is NOT cleared
Other Commands
Not Executed. CHECK CONDITION is returned
with Sense KCQ 020402h (NOT READY,
INITIALIZE COMMAND REQUIRED)
Motor
Figure 195. Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Spindle Stopped by START STOP UNIT Command
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Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The drive may return Sense KCQ
024085h (NOT READY, DIAG FAIL - BRING-UP
FAIL) or Sense KCQ 024085h (NOT READY, DIAG
FAIL - RAM CODE NOT LOADED)
INQUIRY
Executed
REPORT LUNS
Executed
TEST UNIT READY
START STOP UNIT
(Start)
WRITE BUFFER
(Download and Save)
Other Commands
Executed and CHECK CONDITION is returned
with Sense KCQ 024080h (NOT READY, DIAG
FAIL - BRING-UP FAIL) or Sense KCQ 024085h
(NOT READY, DIAG FAIL - RAM CODE NOT
LOADED)
Executed
- Success: GOOD status is returned. Spindle
Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Spindle Motor Start Failure: CHECK
CONDITION with Sense KCQ 020400h (NOT
READY, START SPINDLE MOTOR FAIL)
- Bring-up Failure: CHECK CONDITION with
Sense KCQ 024080h (NOT READY, DIAG FAIL BRING-UP FAIL) or Sense Key 024085h (NOT
READY, DIAG FAIL - RAM CODE NOT LOADED)
Executed.
- Success: GOOD status is returned. Spindle
Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Bring-up Failure: CHECK CONDITION with
Sense KCQ 024080h (NOT READY, DIAG FAIL BRING-UP FAIL) or Sense KCQ 024085h (NOT
READY, DIAG FAIL - RAM CODE NOT LOADED)
WRITE BUFFER
Not Executed. CHECK CONDITION is returned
with Sense KCQ 024080h (NOT READY, DIAG
FAIL - BRING-UP FAIL) or
Sense KCQ 024085h (NOT READY, DIAG FAIL RAM CODE NOT LOADED)
Figure 196. Self Configuration Failure Degraded Mode
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Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The drive may return Sense KCQ
023100h (NOT READY, FORMAT CORRUPTED) or
Sense KCQ 033100h (MEDIUM ERROR, FORMAT
CORRUPTED) REQUEST SENSE
INQUIRY
Executed
REPORT LUNS
Executed
TEST UNIT READY
Executed and CHECK CONDITION is returned
with Sense Key 023100h (NOT READY, FORMAT
CORRUPTED)
FORMAT UNIT
Executed
- Success: GOOD Status is returned. Format
Degraded Mode is cleared
– Failure: CHECK CONDITION Status is
returned and Format Degraded Mode is NOT
cleared.
Other Commands
Not Executed. CHECK CONDITION is returned
with Sense Key 033100h (MEDIUM ERROR,
FORMAT CORRUPTED)
Figure 197. Format Command Failure Degraded Mode
Note: This table assumes FDD (Mode Page 0) is set to zero.
11.1.9 Command processing while reserved
A logical unit is reserved after successful execution of the RESERVE command. Each time a RESERVE
command is executed successfully, the Target records the SCSI ID of the Initiator that made the reservation and the SCSI ID of the Initiator that is to receive the reservation. This information is needed to
determine whether subsequent commands should be permitted or if the RESERVATION CONFLICT
Status should be reported. The Initiator to receive the reservation may be either the same or a different
Initiator (third-party reservation).
If the logical unit is reserved when a new command is received, the Target examines the command
opcode and the SCSI ID of the issuing Initiator to determine whether a RESERVATION CONFLICT Status
should be returned based on the following rules:
1. If the issuing Initiator is the one that made the reservation and also the one to receive the reservation, all commands are permitted.
2. If the issuing Initiator is neither the one that made the reservation nor the one that receives the
reservation,
! A REQUEST SENSE, INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS, LOG SENSE, READ CAPACITY, REPORT
DEVICE IDENTIFIER or START STOP UNIT with START bit is permitted.
! A RELEASE command is permitted but is ignored
! Any other command results in a RESERVATION CONFLICT Status
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3. If the issuing initiator is the one that made the reservation but is not the one to receive the
reservation,
! A REQUEST SENSE, INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS, LOG SENSE, READ CAPACITY, REPORT
DEVICE IDENTIFIER or START STOP UNIT with START bit is permitted.
! Any other command results in a RESERVATION CONFLICT Status
4. If the issuing initiator is not the one that made the reservation but is the one to receive the
reservation,
! A RESERVE command results in a RESERVATION CONFLICT Status
! A RELEASE command is permitted but is ignored
! Any other command is permitted
If a RESERVATION CONFLICT Status is not reported and the command is permitted, then the Target
checks the next highest priority internal condition to determine whether execution is allowed. See
Section 11.1.1 , “Priority of SCSI Status Byte Reporting" on page 193
11.2 Priority commands
The following SCSI commands known as Priority Commands always execute without returning a BUSY
Status or RESERVATION CONFLICT Status.
!
!
!
INQUIRY
REQUEST SENSE
REPORT LUNS
These commands do not disconnect from the SCSI bus prior to completion. They are executed prior to
attempting to complete the execution of any other pending command that has disconnected from the SCSI
bus. Therefore, a second priority command cannot be received during the execution of a priority command.
These commands are never queued whether or not the command is sent with a queue tag. However, the
rule for an Incorrect Initiator Connection still apply to priority commands. See Section 11.1.3 , “Incorrect
Initiator Connection" on page 194.
11.3 Command queuing
When the initiator specifies that the drive shall disable command queuing, the initiator must send only
untagged commands. When the initiator specifies that the drive shall enable command queuing, the initiator may send either tagged or untagged command, but shall not use both at the same time.
The following commands are never queued and will be immediately executed without Bus disconnection:
! Priority Commands
! Commands linked to previous commands. These are defined to be part of a single I/O process.
(Linked commands are always executed immediately following the previous command from the same
initiator. No other Initiator's command is allowed to be executed between two linked commands.)
! Commands for which disconnection is not allowed. (These may result in a BUSY Status.)
! Commands in which a SCSI bus error occurred between SELECTION and first disconnection
following the receipt of the CDB.
! Commands for an invalid LUN.
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! Commands which cause an OVERLAPPED COMMANDS ATTEMPTED error. See Section 11.1.3 ,
“Incorrect Initiator Connection" on page 194.
11.3.1 Queue depth
Any initiator can queue at least one command at any time irrespective of the actions of any other initiators
in the system. A single initiator may queue up to 128 commands, if no other initiator has more than one
command in the queue, although at times this maximum may be reduced as the drive can reserve
command blocks for internal use.
11.3.2 Tagged queuing
Commands with a tag message are saved in the command queue. Queued commands will be reordered
by the drive defined rule. See Section 11.4, “Command reordering” on page 206 for details.
11.3.3 Untagged queuing
The drive supports queuing one I/O process from each initiator. If the drive receives an untagged I/O process while executing an I/O process from a different initiator, the untagged I/O process may be queued.
The drive treats untagged I/O processes as though they were received with Simple Queue Tag messages
for purposes of queuing.
11.3.4 Command queuing rule
Commands can be received during an active I/O process if the Bus is free. I/O processes of READ(6),
READ EXTEND(10), WRITE(6) and WRITE EXTEND(10) can be active at the same time. See
Section 11.5 , "Concurrent I/O Process" on page 206 for details.
11.3.5 QUEUE FULL status
This status is returned when a SIMPLE, ORDERED, or HEAD OF QUEUE tag message is received and
the command queue is full. The I/O process is not placed in the command queue. Since one queue element is reserved for each initiator, any untagged command that does not cause Incorrect Initiator
Connection will not cause QUEUE FULL status.
11.3.6 Device behavior on Command queuing
1. Initiators must send a Queue tag immediately after the IDENTIFY message in MESSAGE OUT
phase just after SELECTION. Targets send a SIMPLE queue tag immediately after the Identify message in MESSAGE IN phase just after RESELECTION.
2. Each initiator can issue either a tagged command or an untagged command exclusively at the same
time. Other initiators can exist which operate mutually exclusively with tagged or untagged commands.
3. When DQue (Mode Page A) is set to1, if an initiator issues a tagged command, the drive returns
MESSAGE REJECT message (07h) and receives that command as an untagged command.
4. Queue Tag number does not affect the order of execution.
5. If an initiator issues a command with a queue tag which is the same as the current I/O process or
queued I/O process, the drive may return Incorrect Initiator connection. See Section 11.1.3 ,
“Incorrect Initiator Connection" on page 194.
6. A series of linked commands are a single I/O process and are assigned the queue tag established in
the initial selection. A command received with a HEAD OF QUEUE tag message shall not suspend a
series of linked commands for which the drive has begun execution.
7. If DQue is changed to 1 while queued commands exist, all queued commands for the all initiators
will be aborted. All future commands received from any initiator with a queue tag will be processed
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as untagged commands with a MESSAGE REJECT message being returned immediately after the
queue tag is received by the drive.
11.4 Command reordering
Command reordering function is supported under tagged command queuing enabled (DQue, Mode Page
A, is set to zero). The reorder feature reorders READ/WRITE commands in order to minimize seek time
between commands. This function will improve total throughput of the drive.
11.5 Concurrent I/O Process
The Concurrent I/O process when multiple I/O processes are active (not queued) on the same logical unit
at the same time. The drive may start the data phase of an I/O process while another I/O process is not
completed. The following I/O processes are allowed to execute concurrently:
! Unlinked and untagged REQUEST SENSE, INQUIRY or REPORT LUNS command during execution
of other commands.
! One of the following commands can be executed while another one or the same one of the following
commands is being executed, if those are untagged or simple tagged commands.
–
–
READ(6), READ EXTEND(10)
WRITE(6), WRITE EXTEND(10)
When an I/O process ends in CHECK CONDITION Status, the drive enters the Contingent Allegiance
Condition and other queued I/O processes from all initiators on the same logical unit will not reconnect and
will not complete the execution until the sense data is cleared. See Section 11.15, “Contingent allegiance
Condition,” on page 209 for details. If an I/O process (P-1) encounters an error while another I/O process
(P-2) is active, the drive returns CHECK CONDITION to P-1 and P-2. The drive may continue P-2 until its
convenient point to suspend, but may not send a Status. After the initiator clears the Contingent Allegiance
condition, the drive will resume or terminate P-2 according to QErr bit of Control mode page.
If the drive gets an error on P-1 before suspending the execution of P-2, it will keep the sense data
separately from the sense data for P-1. The sense data for P-2 will be set after the Contingent Allegiance
condition caused by P-1 is cleared.
11.6 Back to Back Write
Back to Back Write allows plural write commands requesting sequential LBA's to be written without losing
a motor revolution.
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11.7 Write Cache
If WCE (Mode Page 8) is set to one, the drive returns GOOD status and TASK COMPLETE message and
goes to BUS FREE immediately after receiving the data of the last sector before actually writing the data
onto the media.
If the drive detects an error after it returns a GOOD status, the drive sets a Deferred Error (Error Code of
sense data = 71h) and a following command will be returned with CHECK CONDITION and the
Contingent Allegiance Condition is established..
11.8 Automatic Defect Reallocation
The drive supports Automatic Defect Reallocation (ADR) for read/write operation. When an ADR occurs,
the read or write command takes longer to complete. This operation is sometimes referred to as auto
reassignment due to its similarity to the operation performed by REASSIGN BLOCKS command.
ADR is effective for read operation for the following commands; READ (6), READ (10), VERIFY, the verify
portion of WRITE AND VERIFY when RARE (Mode Page 1) is set to one. From a certain step of ERP, a
recovered sector during read operation is reallocated to a spare sector. If the recovered ERP step is
considered to be appropriate to rewrite the original sector, the recovered data is rewritten to the original
sector. If the read operation of rewritten data is successful, the ADR is canceled.
When ARHES (Mode Page 0) is set to one, a unrecovered read error is internally registered as a reassign
candidate and, when a WRITE command is received to the failing LBA, the data is written and verified if
the error still exists. If the error still occurs on the failing LBA, it will be reassigned. If the error is cleared,
the drive will remove the reassign candidate for the LBA. RARE and AWRE (Mode Page 1) do not affect
ARHES operation and ARHES works independently.
ADR for write operation is effective for the following commands; WRITE (6), WRITE (10), the write portion
of WRITE AND VERIFY when AWRE is set to one. When a unrecovered error occurs during write
operation, any error sector is reallocated to a spare sector.
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11.9 Segmented Caching
Segmented Caching divides the data buffer into several buffer segments. Size and number of segments
are determined by Number of Cache Segments, Cache Segment Size, SIZE and LBCSS (Mode Page 8).
Number of Segments can be 1 through 255. (256 segments can be used by specifying segment size.)
The Read Ahead is a function that read data that the initiator has not yet requested to the buffer segment.
This function is intended to improve performance for an initiator that frequently accesses sequential data
with successive SCSI read commands. The Read Ahead works for READ (6), READ (10), VERIFY, the
verify portion of WRITE AND VERITY command when RCD (Mode Page 8) is set to zero.
Even if an error occurs during the Read ahead, the error will not be reported to the initiator. The data read
before the error occurred will be stored as valid data by the Read Ahead function.
If SCSI Bus Reset or TARGET RESET message is received, all contents of segmented buffer is flushed.
11.10 Reselection Timeout
If a RESELECTION fails, the drive retries up to 16 times. Between each retry, the drive waits 200 µs.
When all the retries fail, the command is ignored.
11.11 Single Initiator Selection
For single initiator systems it is not an error to have only the drive ID bit present during SELECTION. Disconnection is not allowed for Single Initiator Selection with only one ID bit present during SELECTION.
The initiator must not send an IDENTIFY message with the disconnect permission (bit 6) on.
11.12 Non-arbitrating systems
The drive cannot detect whether other SCSI devices on the SCSI bus use arbitration prior to SELECTION.
As a consequence the drive allows disconnect permission to be enabled by the IDENTIFY message independent of the initiator's use of arbitration prior to SELECTION. A non-arbitrating initiator must ensure that
disconnect permission in the IDENTIFY message is disabled (bit 6=0) for proper operation.
11.13 Selection without ATN
If the drive is selected without ATN signal active, no IDENTIFY message is received from the Initiator. In
this case the LUN is identified as 0 and disconnect permission is disabled. The drive does not perform any
phase retries. The drive still responds to a subsequent attention condition. The drive also knows the use
of linked commands if selected without ATN.
Phase retries may be allowed if a subsequent IDENTIFY message is received.
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11.14 Multiple Initiator Environment
11.14.1 Initiator Sense Data
Separate sense data is reserved for each I_T_L nexus and I_T_L_Q nexus. Each sense data is maintained independent of commands from other initiators.
11.14.2 Initiator Mode Select/Mode Sense Parameters
A single shared copy of the Mode Select/Mode Sense parameters is maintained by the drive. This
includes both the current and saved parameters.
11.14.3 Initiator Data Transfer Mode Parameter
A separate data transfer mode parameters area is reserved and maintained for each initiator.
11.15 Contingent Allegiance Condition
The contingent allegiance condition shall exist following the return of CHECK CONDITION, except for a
CHECK CONDITION caused by Invalid LUN. Execution of all queued commands shall be suspended until
the contingent allegiance condition is cleared.
The contingent allegiance condition can be cleared by the initiator in one of the following ways:
! By issuing a REQUEST SENSE command to the Target and receiving the sense data. This is
the recommended way.
! By issuing any other command to the I_T_L nexus or I_T_L_Q nexus that reported the fault.
! By issuing an ABORT TASK SET message to the I_T_L nexus or I_T_L_Q nexus that reported
the fault. This will also abort the current and queued I/O process from that initiator.
! By issuing a TARGET RESET message to the Target. This will also abort all current and queued
I/O processes.
! By generating a RESET condition on the bus. THIS MUST BE THE LAST RESORT.
By issuing a PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command with Preempt and Clear service action,
Contingent Allegiance Condition for the preempted initiator is cleared..
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11.16 Reset
The Reset condition is used to clear all SCSI devices from the bus. This condition takes precedence over
all other phases and conditions. After a reset condition is detected and the reset actions are completed,
the drive returns to a 'SCSI bus enabled' state that allows the drive to accept SCSI commands.
This device uses the Hard reset option as defined in the SCSI-3 Parallel Interface Standard.
11.16.1 Reset Sources
There are four sources of resets detected by the drive:
Reset Name
Reset Source
Power-On Reset
This is the signal generated by the hardware at initial power-on
Self-Initiated reset
This is a software-generated reset that occurs when a internal logic error is
detected by the microcode.
SCSI Bus Reset
This is a reset generated when the SCSI bus control line RST goes active.
TARGET RESET
Message
This is the reset generated by the TARGET RESET Message.
11.16.2 Power On Reset
At Power On Reset (POR) the following bring-up operation is taken:
1. Validation of ROM and EEPROM
2. RAM test for internal RAM
3. Test and initialize HDC registers
4. RAM test for sector buffer
5. Start spindle motor (if Auto Spin up is enabled)
6. Calibration of actuator
7. Read/Write test for all heads
8. Validation of RAM code and data table (RDM, Log, Mode Page) from the reserved area
If Auto Spin up is disabled, steps 5 - 8 will be executed when the first START STOP UNIT command with
Start bit.
Faults detected before successful completion of the HDC section could prevent the drive from responding
to a selection.
Faults detected after the successful completion of the HDC section will be reported as CHECK
CONDITION status to the initiator on the first command issued after a fault is detected except for the
INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS and REQUEST SENSE command. The INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS and
REQUEST SENSE command will always be responded with a GOOD status. Detecting a fault during POR
will not terminate execution of the bring-up operation.
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11.16.3 SCSI Bus Reset and TARGET RESET Message
These two reset conditions cause the following to be performed.
! If reset goes active while the power-up sequence is in progress, the power-up sequence is started
over.
! If the Auto Spin up is enabled and the bring-up operation has not been completed, the bring-up
operation will be re-attempted from the beginning.
Note: The bring-up operation, having already completed, is not rerun.
! If reset occurs while a physical sector is being written, the write operation is disabled after the current
physical sector is written. Data is not lost as long as power stays valid until the physical sector being
written is completed.
11.16.4 Self-initiated Reset
When the microcode detects an internal logic error, it takes a special bring-up sequence to save the information necessary to analyze the error. After saving the information, the normal bring-up sequence is taken
to start over.
.
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11.17 Diagnostics
The drive will execute the bring-up operation at POR to assure the correct operation of the drive by
validating components (ROM, RAM, Sector Buffer, EEPROM, HDC, Spindle Motor, Actuator), checking
stored information in the reserved area and EEPROM, and verifying fault detects circuits.
Self-test can be invoked by a SEND DIAGNOSTIC command.
11.17.1 Power on Diagnostics
See Section 11.16.2 "Power On Reset" on page 210 for the description of the bring-up operation.
11.17.2 Self-test by SEND DIAGNOSTIC Command
11.17.2 .1 Default self-test
The default self-test is invoked by the SlfTst bit in the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command. The response is
simply a GOOD status if the test is successful or a CHECK CONDITION status if the test fails.
11.17.2 .2 Short and extended self-tests
There are two other types of self-test that may be invoked using the Function Code field in the SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command: a short self-test and an extended self-test. The tests performed in the short and
extended self-tests are described in a later section. The time required by a logical unit to complete its
extended self-test is reported in the Extended Self-test Routine Completion Time (Mode Page A). The
results of self-test can be retrieved by a LOG SENSE command (Log Page 10).
11.17.2 .3 Self-test modes
There are two modes for short and extended self-tests: a foreground mode and a background mode.
These modes are described.below:
Foreground mode
When the drive receives a SEND DIAGNOSTIC command specifying a self-test to be performed in the
foreground mode, the drive will return status for that command after the self-test has been completed.
While performing a self-test in the foreground mode, the drive will respond to all commands except
INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS, and REQUEST SENSE with a CHECK CONDITION status, a sense key of
NOT READY and an additional sense code of LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY - SELF-TEST IN
PROGRESS.
If the drive is performing a self-test in the foreground mode and a test error occurs during the test, the
drive will update the self-test results log page and report CHECK CONDITION status with a sense key of
HARDWARE ERROR and an additional sense code of LOGICAL UNIT FAILED SELFTEST. The initiator
may obtain additional information about the failure by reading the self-test results log page. An initiator
may terminate a self-test that is being performed in the foreground mode using an ABORT TASK, ABORT
TASK SET, or CLEAR TASK SET task management function. If the drive receives an ABORT TASK,
ABORT TASK SET, or CLEAR TASK SET task management function while performing a self-test in the
foreground mode, it will abort the self-test and update the self-test results log page.
Background mode
When the drive receives a SEND DIAGNOSTIC command specifying a self-test to be performed in the
background mode, the drive will return status for that command as soon as the command descriptor block
has been validated. After returning status for the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command specifying a self-test to
be performed in the background mode, the drive will initialize the self-test results log page as follows. The
Function Code from the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command will be placed in the Function Code field in the log
page. The self-test Results field shall be set to 0Fh. After the self-test results log page is initialized, the
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drive will begin the first self-test segment. While the drive is performing a self-test in the background
mode, it will terminate with a CHECK CONDITION status any SEND DIAGNOSTIC command it receives
that meets either of the following criteria:
a) The SlfTst bit is one
b) The Function Code field contains a value other than 000b or 100b.
When terminating the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command, the sense key shall be set to NOT READY and the
additional sense code shall be set to LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY, SELF-TEST IN PROGRESS. While
performing a self-test in the background mode, the drive will suspend the self-test to service any other
command than SEND DIAGNOSTIC (with Function Code field set to 100b) WRITE BUFFER (with the
mode set to any download microcode option), FORMAT UNIT and START STOP UNIT command.
Suspension of the self-test to service the command will occur within two seconds. If SEND DIAGNOSTIC
(with Function Code field set to 100b), WRITE BUFFER (with the mode set to any download microcode
option), FORMAT UNIT or START STOP UNIT command is received, the drive will abort the self-test,
update the self-test log, and service the command within two seconds after the command descriptor block
has been validated. An initiator may terminate a self-test that is being performed in the background mode
by issuing a SEND DIAGNOSTIC command with the Function Code field set to 100b (Abort background
self-test function).
Elements common to foreground and background self-test modes
The Progress Indication field returned in response to a REQUEST SENSE command may be used by the
application client at any time during execution of a self-test to poll the progress. While executing a selftest unless an error has occurred, the drive will respond to a REQUEST SENSE command by returning a
sense key of NOT READY and an additional sense code of LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY - SELF-TEST IN
PROGRESS with the sense key specific bytes set for progress indication. The initiator may obtain information about the twenty most recently completed self-tests by reading the self-test results log page. This
is the only method bu which an initiator may obtain information about self-tests performed in the background mode. The default self-test results are not logged in the log page.
Tests performed in self-test
The spindle motor must be running at the correct speed for a SEND DIAGNOSTIC command to be executed.
no
no
yes
Foreground
Short
yes
yes
yes
Foreground
Extended
yes
yes
yes
Background
Short
yes
no
yes
Background
Short
yes
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
Read LBAs of
error log
yes
Read full
volume
yes
Read LBAs of
error log
yes
Read full
volume
yes
Test
Default self-test
Drive Ready test
RAM test
Spin check
Write, Read and
Compare test
ECC circuit test
Seek test
SMART check
Low level format
check
Physical head
test
Read scan test
no
SMART check
no
Figure 198. Self-test menu for SEND DIAGNOSTIC command
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
213
! Drive ready check is to check the voltage status of 12V.
! RAM test is a read/write test for the whole area of sector buffer.
! Spin check is to check if the spindle motor is running at the correct speed.
! Write, Read and Compare test is a disk read/write test. It writes data to a certain area in the reserved
area and read it from the same area to validate. Head 0 is used for this test.
! ECC circuit test is a test for ECC circuit if errors can be corrected by the circuit.
! Seek test is a test for servo. It seeks random 256 locations out of full volume.
! Low level format check is to check if the media is in the Media Format Corrupted state.
! Physical head test is a disk read/write test using the reserved area on each head.
! Read scan test is a read test. It reads the area specified in the above table.
! SMART check is to check the SMART test logs and results.
11.18 Idle Time Function
The drive performs the following functions to maintain the disk surface:
! At 1 second idle after any media access command, the head is moved to a random cylinder.
! At accumulated nominal 60 times of 1 second idle, the sweep function from a middle of disk to the
cylinder 0, then a middle of disk to the most inner cylinder. The sweep function moves the head
slowly using a series of short seeks. After the sweep function, the head is moved to a random cylinder. The count of nominal 60 has a randomness from 54 to 66 based on the serial number of the
drive to avoid synchronized noise of the sweep in a system box. If a media access command is
received during the sweep function, it is interrupted to service the host command. The next sweep
function after the accumulated 60 times of 1 second idle starts from where it has been interrupted.
! At 1 second idle after 10 days from the power on or previous one, the head is unloaded to sweep the
outside of cylinder 0. The head is loaded by a media access command or by the sweep function, and
it stays unloaded at least for 2 seconds to reduce fluttering. The execution time of sweep function is
about 2 seconds.
In addition, the drive periodically saves the PFA counters to the reserved area of the disks. The information is used by the drive to support various SCSI commands and for the purpose of failure analysis.
The logging is performed at every 1 hour.
11.19 Information Unit Support
The drive supports the information unit of SPI-4 with the following limitations.
! RDDATA and WRDATA in the SPI command information unit should be zero.
! The code 100b of Task Attribute in the SPI command information unit is not supported. The code
100b is to request that the task be managed according to the rules for an automatic contingent
allegiance task attribute.
! The code 40h of Task Management Functions in the SPI command information unit is not supported.
The code 40h is for the task manager shall perform a clear ACA as defined in the CLEAR ACA
message.
! BIDI DIRECTION in SPI L_Q information unit should be zero.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
214
12.0 SCSI Sense Data
12.1 SCSI Sense Data Format
Format of the sense data returned by the drive in response to the REQUEST SENSE command.
Bit
Byte
7
0
1
7
8-11
5
Valid
4
3
2
Error Code (70h or 71h)
0
ILI
0
Sense Key
(MSB) Information Bytes
(LSB)
Additional Sense Length
(MSB) Product Specific Information
(LSB)
12
Additional Sense Code
13
Additional Sense Code Qualifier
14
FRU = 0
15
1
RSVD = 0
2
3-6
6
SKSV
Sense-Key Specific Bits
16-17
Sense-Key Specific Bytes
18-19
Reserved = 0
20-23
Vendor unique Error information
24-29
Product Specific Information
30-31
Reserved = 0
Figure 199. Format of Sense Data.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
215
0
12.2 Sense Data Description
12.2.1 Valid (Bit 7 of byte 0)
0
1
The Information Bytes (byte 3 through 6) are not defined.
The Information Bytes (byte 3 through 6) contain a valid logical block address.
12.2.2 Error Code (Bit 6 - 0 of byte 0)
70h
71h
Current Error. This indicates an error for the current command.
Deferred Error. This indicates that the error is for a previous command that has already
returned a GOOD status. Such commands are FORMAT UNIT command (Immediate bit
is set to one) or WRITE command in cached write.
12.2.3 ILI: Incorrect Length Indicator (Bit 5 of byte 2)
The ILI bit is valid for the READ LONG (3Eh) command and WRITE LONG (3Fh) command only. ILI set to
one and Valid Bit set to one indicates that the requested logical block length does not match the logical
block length of the data on the medium for a READ LONG or WRITE LONG command. The Information
field contains residue information about the error. ILL set to zero indicates there is no incorrect length
condition.
0
1
No Incorrect Length condition.
Incorrect Length Indicated.
12.2.4 Sense Key (Bit 3 - 0 of byte 2)
The sense key provides generic categories in which error and exception conditions can be reported.
Initiators would typically use sense keys for high level error recovery procedures.
0h
NO SENSE
There is NO SENSE key information to be reported for the logical unit.
1h
RECOVERED ERROR
The last command completed successfully with some recovery action performed by the
drive. More detailed information is available in the Additional Sense Code and Additional
Sense Code Qualifier.
2h
NOT READY
The logical unit addressed cannot be addressed. More detailed information is available in
the Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier.
3h
MEDIUM ERROR
The command terminated with an unrecoverable error condition caused by a flaw in the
media or an error in the recorded data. More detailed information is contained in the
Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier.
4h
HARDWARE ERROR
The drive detected a unrecoverable hardware error while performing a command or during a diagnostic test. More detailed information is contained in the Additional Sense Code
and Additional Sense Code Qualifier.
5h
ILLEGAL REQUEST
There was an illegal parameter in the command descriptor block or additional parameter
supplied as data. If an invalid parameter is found in the CDB, the command is terminated
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
216
without altering the medium. If an invalid parameter is found in parameters supplied as
data, the drive might have altered the medium.
6h
UNIT ATTENTION
Indicates that the drive entered in the 'Unit Attention Condition'. (See Section 11.1.5 ,
“Unit Attention Condition” on page 196.)
7h-8h Not used
9h
Vendor Specific
Ah
Not used
Bh
Aborted command
The drive aborted the command.
Ch-Dh Not Implemented
Eh
MISCOMPARE
Indicates that the source of data did not watch the data read from the medium.
Fh
Reserved
12.2.5 Information Bytes (Byte 3 through 6)
This field is only valid when Valid Bit is one.
! ILI = 0 : This field contains the unsigned LBA associated with the sense key. The LBA reported will be
within the LBA range of the command as defined in the CDB.
Note: An LBA other than the command LBA may be reported on the REASSIGN BLOCKS command.
! ILI = 1 : This field contains the difference (residue) of the requested length in bytes. Negative values
are indicated by two's complement notation.
12.2.6 Additional Sense Length (Byte 7)
Indicates the remaining number of bytes in the sense data. (It is always set to 18h.)
12.2.7 Command Specific Information (Byte 8 through 11)
The values in this field vary with products. Please see the individual product specification for more
details.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
217
12.2.8 Additional Sense Code/Qualifier (Byte 12 and 13)
The following table shows the description of the combination of Sense Key / Sense Code / Qualifier.
Key
Code
Qual
Description
0
0
0
No error
0h
5Dh
00h
No sense. Predictive Failure Analysis threshold reached
1h
01h
00h
Recovered write error. No index
1h
02h
00h
Recovered no seek comp
1h
03h
00h
Recovered write error. Write fault
1h
0Bh
01h
Temperature Warning
1h
0Ch
01h
Recovered write error. Auto Reallocated (AWRE=1)
1h
0Ch
03h
Recovered write error. Recommend Reassign (AWRE=0)
1h
16h
00h
Recovered write error DAM not found
1h
17h
01h
Recovered read error with retries
1h
17h
06h
Recovered read error without ECC applied. Auto reallocated (ARRE=1)
1h
17h
07h
Recovered read error without ECC applied. Recommended reassign (ARRE = 0)
1h
17h
09h
Recovered read error without ECC applied. Data rewritten. (ARRE = 1)
1h
18h
00h
Recovered read error with ECC applied. (ARRE = 0)
1h
18h
02h
Recovered read error with ECC applied. Auto reallocated (ARRE=1)
1h
18h
05h
Recovered read error with ECC applied. Recommended reassign (ARRE=0)
1h
18h
07h
Recovered read error with ECC applied. Data Rewritten (ARRE=1)
1h
1Ch
00h
Defect list not found
1h
1Ch
01h
P-List Not Found. Requested Defect List Format is not supported. Default List
Format is returned (READ DEFECT DATA command Only)
1h
1Ch
02h
G-List Not Found. Requested Defect List Format is not supported. Default List
Format is returned (READ DEFECT DATA command Only)
1h
1Fh
00h
Partial Defect List Transferred. Defect list longer than 64KB, 64KB of data
returned. (READ DEFECT DATA command Only)
1h
44h
00h
Recovered Buffer CRC Error in writing data from buffer to media.
1h
65h
00h
Recovered voltage failure
1h
81h
00h
Internal logic error
1h
5Dh
00h
Predictive Failure Analysis threshold reached
1h
5Dh
FFh
Predictive Failure Analysis test Warning
Figure 200. Sense Key / Sense Code / Qualifier combinations (1 of 4)
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
218
Key
Code
Qual
Description
2h
04h
00h
Not ready. Start spindle motor fail.
2h
04h
01h
Not ready. In process of becoming ready.
2h
04h
02h
Not ready. Initializing command (START STOP UNIT command) required
2h
04h
04h
Not ready. Format in progress.
2h
04h
09h
Not ready. Self-test in progress.
2h
31h
00h
Not ready. Medium format corrupted.
2h
40h
80h
Diag Fall - Bring-Up failure or degraded mode.
2h
40h
85h
Diag Fall - RAM microcode not loaded.
2h
65h
00h
Not ready. Voltage failure.
3h
03h
00h
Medium error. Write fault.
3h
10h
00h
Medium error. ID CRC error.
3h
11h
00h
Medium error. Unrecovered read error.
3h
15h
00h
Medium error. Defect in servo area
3h
16h
00h
Medium error. Data synchronization mark error. (DAM error)
3h
19h
00h
Medium error. Defect list error. A defect list error occurs when a data error is
detected while reading the manufacturing defect list or while reading or writing
the grown defect list.
3h
31h
00h
Medium error. Medium format corrupted.
4h
02h
00h
Hardware error. No seek complete.
4h
03h
00h
Hardware error. Write fault.
4h
11h
00h
Hardware error. Unrecovered read error in reserved area.
4h
19h
00h
Hardware error. Defect list error.
4h
32h
00h
Hardware error. No defect spare location available. This sense code indicates
that REASSIGN BLOCKS command fails because all spare sectors have been
used.
4h
3Eh
03h
Hardware error. Self-test failed.
4h
3Eh
04h
Hardware error. Unable to update self-test.
4h
40h
80h
Degrade Mode. Diagnostic Fail. Reserved area validity check fail.
4h
40h
85h
Degrade Mode. RAM Microcode Not Loaded.
4h
44h
00h
Hardware error. Buffer CRC Error in writing from buffer to media.
4h
81h
00h
Hardware error. Internal logic error.
4h
82h
00h
Hardware error. Command timeout.
4h
83h
00h
Hardware error. ID Table parity error.
Figure 201. Sense Key / Sense Code / Qualifier combinations (2 of 4)
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
219
Key
Code
Qual
Description
5h
1Ah
00h
Illegal request. Parameter list length error. The number of parameters supplied
is not equal to the value expected.
5h
20h
00h
Illegal request. Illegal command operation code. This command is also
returned when an unsupported command code is received.
5h
21h
00h
Illegal request. Logical block address out of range.
5h
24h
00h
Illegal request. Invalid field in CDB
5h
25h
00h
Illegal request. Invalid LUN
5h
26h
00h
Illegal request. Invalid fields in the parameter list
5h
26h
02h
Parameter value invalid
5h
26h
04h
Invalid release of persistent reservation.
5h
2Ch
00h
Illegal request. Echo buffer being read before being written
5h
49h
00h
Illegal request. Invalid message error.
5h
55h
04h
Insufficient registration resources.
6h
28h
00h
Unit attention. Not ready to ready transition. (Format completed)
6h
29h
01h
Unit attention. Power On Reset occurred
6h
29h
02h
Unit attention. SCSI Bus Reset occurred
6h
29h
03h
Unit attention. TARGET RESET occurred
6h
29h
04h
Unit attention. Self Initiated Reset occurred
6h
29h
05h
Unit attention. Transceiver mode change to SE
6h
29h
06h
Unit attention. Transceiver mode change to LVD
6h
2Ah
01h
Unit attention. Mode Parameters changed
6h
2Ah
02h
Unit attention. Log select parameters changed
6h
2Ah
03h
Reservations Preempted
6h
2Ah
04h
Reservations Released
6h
2Ah
05h
Registrations Preempted
6h
2Fh
00h
Unit attention. Command cleared by another initiator
6h
3Fh
01h
Unit attention. Microcode has been changed
6h
3Fh
05h
Unit attention. Device Identifier changed.
6h
5Dh
00h
Predictive Failure Analysis threshold reached
6h
5Dh
FFh
Predictive Failure Analysis Test Warning
Bh
1Bh
00h
Aborted command. Synchronous data transfer error. (Extra ACK detected)
Bh
25h
00h
Aborted command. Unsupported LUN. The drive supports LUN 0 only
Bh
3Fh
00h
Aborted command. Echo buffer overwritten
Figure 202. Sense Key / Sense Code / Qualifier combinations (3 of 4)
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
220
Key
Code
Qual
Description
Bh
43h
00h
Aborted command. Message reject error. A message reject error occurs when
an inappropriate or unexpected message reject is received from the initiator or
the initiator rejects a message twice
Bh
44h
00h
Aborted command. Buffer CRC Error in reading from buffer to host.
Bh
47h
00h
Aborted command. SCSI parity error
Bh
48h
00h
Aborted command. Initiator detected error message received. An initiator
detected error occurs when the initiator detects an error, sends a message to
retry, detects the error again, and sends the retry message a second time. The
drive then sets check condition status with Initiator Detected Error
Bh
49h
00h
Aborted command. Inappropriate/illegal message. An inappropriate or illegal
message occurs when the initiator sends a message that either is not supported or is not in a logical sequence
Bh
4Eh
00h
Aborted command. Overlapped commands attempted
Eh
1Dh
00h
Miscompare. Miscompare during VERIFY command byte check operation.
Figure 203. Sense Key / Sense Code / Qualifier combinations (4 of 4)
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
221
12.2.9 FRU : Field Replaceable Unit (Byte 14)
The FRU (Field Replaceable Unit) field value will always be zero.
12.2.10 Sense Key Specific (Byte 15 through 17)
The definition of this field is determined by the value of the sense key field.
12.2.10.1 Sense Key Specific - ILLEGAL REQUEST (Sense Key = 5h)
Error field pointer is returned.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
15
SKSV
C/D
16
17
(MSB) Field Pointer
4
Reserved
3
BPV
2
1
0
Bit Pointer
(LSB)
Figure 204. Field Pointer Bytes
SKSV
Sense-key specific valid
0
1
C/D
Command/Data
0
1
BPV
Sense-key specific field is not valid.
Sense-key specific field is valid.
Indicates that the illegal parameter was in the data parameters sent by the
initiator during DATA OUT phase
Indicates that the illegal parameter in the command descriptor block.
Bit Pointer Valid
0
1
Bit pointer field is not valid.
Bit pointer field is significant.
Bit Pointer
Indicates which bit of the byte number reported in Field Pointer is the bit in error. When a
multiple bit field is in error, the pointer points to the most significant bit of the field.
Field Pointer
Indicates which bytes of the command descriptor block or of the parameter data were in
error. Bytes are numbered starting from zero, as shown in the tables describing the commands and parameters. When a multiple byte field id is in error, the pointer points to the
most significant byte of that field.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
222
12.2.10.2 Sense Key Specific - Recovered (Sense Key = 1h), HARDWARE ERROR
(sense key = 4h) or MEDIUM ERROR (sense key = 3h)
Actual Retry Count is reported.
Bit
Byte
7
15
16
17
6
5
4
SKSV
3
2
1
0
Reserved
(MSB)
Actual Retry Count
(LSB)
Figure 205. Actual Retry Count
SKSV
Sense-key specific valid
0
1
Actual ERP Retry Count
Actual ERP Retry Count is not valid.
Actual ERP Retry Count is valid.
Actual EPR step number used to recover from the error condition.
12.2.10.3 Sense Key Specific - Not Ready (Sense key = 2h)
These fields are defined for the FORMAT UNIT (04h) command with the Immediate bit set to one and the
SEND DIAGNOSTICS (1Dh) command with foreground self-test function. Progress indication is returned.
Bit
Byte
7
15
16
17
6
SKSV
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reserved
(MSB)
Progress Indication
(LSB)
Figure 206. Progress Indication
SKSV
Progress Indication
Sense-key specific valid
0
Progress Indication is not valid.
1
Progress Indication is valid.
Indicates a percent complete in which the returned value is the numerator that
has 10000h as its denominator.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
223
12.2.11 Vendor Unique Error Information (Byte 18 through 19)
This field gives detailed information about errors.
Sense Data
Byte 18
Description
01h
Continued servo unlocks, or servo ID can not be
found during load/unload operation
04h
ADC calibration failure during load/unload
operation
08h
AE failure
0Ch
Motor driver failure
85h
Seek time out
86h
Dummy SSM is used for contiguous 5 servo IDs
Cx or Dhx
Motor driver detected
Bit4: -4V failure
Bit3: 12V failure
Bit2: Over current
Bit1: reserved
Bit0: Thermal shut
(Multiple bits can be
failures.
detected
down detected
set)
Figure 207. Sense Data Byte 18 for Error Information
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
224
12.2.12 Vendor unique error information (Byte 20 through 23)
This field gives detailed information about the error. It contains a unique code which describes where the
error was detected and which piece of hardware or microcode detected the error depending on current
operation (that is, Bring-up operation, Read/Write operation, or SMART Alert).
12.2.12.1 Power On Reset/Initialization Error (Sense Key 02h)
For failures in the bring-up operation the Vendor Unique Error information bytes 20 and 21 will contain
"POR Step" which indicates where the failure was detected, and the Vendor Unique Error information
bytes 22 and 23 will contain "POR Error" which is the reason for failure.
Sense Data
Byte 20
Description
Bit 7
Jumper Setting - Disable Auto Spin-Up
Bit 6
Format Corrupted - Degraded Mode
Bit 5
Soft Reset Occurred
Bit 4
RAM ERP Not Ready
Bit 3
Not Used
Bit 2
Not Used
Bit 1
Start Spinning
Bit 0
Initialization by Usage Table
Figure 208. Sense Data Byte 20 for POR STEP
Sense Data
Byte 21
Description
Bit 7
RAM Table Validation
Bit 6
Head Test Processing
Bit 5
Loading Read-Only Table
Bit 4
Loading Overlay Code
Bit 3
Loading RAM Code
Bit 2
Starting Spindle Motor
Bit 1
Initiate Microcode Loading
Bit 0
Testing Sector Buffer RAM
Figure 209. Sense Data Byte 21 for POR STEP
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
225
Sense Data
Byte 22
Description
Bit 7
Not used
Bit 6
Not used
Bit 5
Not used
Bit 4
Not used
Bit 3
Not Used
Bit 2
Not Used
Bit 1
Spindle Motor Spin-Up Failed
Bit 0
EEPROM Data Validation Failed
Figure 210. Sense Data Byte 22 POR ERROR
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
226
Sense Date
Byte 23
Description
01h
HDC Test Failure
02h
Sector Buffer RAM Test Failure
03h
EEPROM Read Failure
08h
AE Write Failure
09h
Channel Calibration Failure
0Ah
Head Load Failure
10h
POR Only Fail
11h
Spin-Up Failure
12h
Reserved Area Table Failure
13h
RAM Code Read Failure
14h
RAM Code Signature Failure
15h
Overlay Code Read Failure
16h
Read-Only Table Read Failure
17h
Head Test Failure
21h
Primary Defect List Read Failure
22h
Grown Defect List Read Failure
23h
Mode Page Parameter Table Read Failure
24h
Persistent Reservation Table Read Failure
25h
SMART Parameter Table Read Failure
26h
Log Parameter Table Read Failure
27h
Usage Table Read Failure
28h
Disk Side Error Log Read Failure
29h
Host Event Log Read Failure
2Ah
Command Log Read Failure
2Bh
Code Update Log Read Failure
81h
RAM Mapping Failure-Invalid Usage ID
82h
RAM Mapping Failure-Invalid Usage Signature
83h
RAM Mapping Failure-Invalid Table Signature
84h
RAM Mapping Failure-Invalid Table Level
Figure 211. Sense Data Byte 23 for POR ERROR
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
227
12.2.12.2 Read/Write Error (Sense Key 03h/04h)
When an error occurs during a read or write operation, the Vendor Unique Error information will contain
the HDC Registers (Status and Error).
Sense Data
Byte 20
Description (Status)
Bit 7
Sector Count Over
Bit 6
ECC Error on LBA
Bit 5
Not used
Bit 4
Uncorrectable Error
Bit 3
Over Symbol
Bit 2
Correctable Error Preparation
Bit 1
Error On
Bit 0
Drive On
Figure 212. Sense Data Byte 20 for READ/WRITE ERROR
Sense Data
Byte 21
Description (Status)
Bit 7
Memory on
Bit 6
Drive Complete
Bit 5
ID Find
Bit 4
ID Miss
Bit 3
Drive Busy
Bit 2
End of Track
Bit 1
Expected Sector Flag
Bit 0
Event Handler Busy
Figure 213. Sense Data Byte 21 for READ/WRITE ERROR
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
228
Sense Data
Byte 22
Description (Status)
Bit 7
not used
Bit 6
not used
Bit 5
not used
Bit 4
not used
Bit 3
not used
Bit 2
Sector Pulse Missing
Bit 1
Write Abort at ID Miss Sector
Bit 0
Write Fault caused by Servo
Figure 214. Sense Data Byte 22 for READ/WRITE ERROR
Sense Data
Byte 23
Description (Status)
Bit 7
Overrun
Bit 6
Write Abort
Bit 5
Write Fault
Bit 4
DAM Mismatch
Bit 3
Write Parity Error
Bit 2
Write Abort by Channel Error
Bit 1
11 bytes length of Thermal Asperity
Bit 0
1 byte length of Thermal Asperity
Channel Fault Detect (Write)
(Read)
Figure 215. Sense Data Byte 23 for READ/WRITE ERROR
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
229
12.2.12.3 PFA Warning (Sense Code 5Dh)
When PFA Warning occurs (Sense Code 5Dh), the Vendor Unique Error information byte 21 will contain
the following reason code.
Sense Data
Byte 21
PFA Alert Reason
05h
Power On Hour Warning
08h
Thermal Sense Warning
14h
Spare Sector Availability Warning
32h
Read Error Rate exceeding the threshold
43h
Seek Error Rate exceeding the threshold
4Ah
Write Error Rate exceeding the threshold
50h
Load/Unload Cycles Count Warning
56h
Spin Up Time Warning
5Bh
Spin Up Retry Count Warning
FFh
False Report caused by Test (Mode Page 1C)
Figure 216. Sense Data Byte 21 for SMART ALERT Reason Code
12.2.13 Physical Error Record (Byte 24 thru 29)
!
ILI = 1 - This field contains zeros.
!
ILI = 0 - These bytes contain the physical location of the error in cylinder, head, and sector.
Byte 24 and 25 are Cylinder high and cylinder low respectively. Byte 26 is the head number.
Byte 28 and 29 are sector high and low respectively.
Byte 27 is retained for compatibility and will contain the sector number for sector 0 to 254 and will be
set to FFh for sector numbers greater than 254 or if the sector number is undetermined.
If the head is undetermined, its value is to FFh. If the cylinder value is undetermined, byte 24 and 25
are set to FFFFh. If the sector number is undetermined, bytes 27, 28, and 29 are all set to FFh. If
cylinder, head, and sector have no relevance to the error, bytes 24 through 29 will all be set to FFh.
This field is valid with Sense Key 1, 3 and 4 only.
12.2.14 Reserved (Byte 30 through 31)
Reserved fields are filled with zero.
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
230
Index
A
E
Acoustics, 43
Actuator, 7
Altitude, 30
Attention Condition, 190
Automatic Rewrite/Reallocate, 207
Auxiliary connector, 68-pin model, 25
Average latency, 14
Average seek time, 13
ECC on the fly correction, 34
Electrical interface specification, 21
Electromagnetic compatibility, 45
Equipment errors, 34
Equipment Status, 17
Error recovery procedure, 17
F
Failure prediction ( PFA / S.M.A.R.T.), 34
Fixed disk subsystem, 7
Flammability, 46
Formatted capacity, 9
Full stroke seek time, 13
B
Back to Back Write, 206
Block assignment, 10
Breather hole, 40
Buffering operation, 15
G
C
CE Mark, 45
Command overhead, 12
Command Processing During Execution of Active
I/O process, 194
Command Processing During Startup and Format
Operations, 197
Command processing while reserved, 203
Command queuing, 204
Command reordering, 206
Concurrent I/O Process, 206
Contingent Allegiance Condition, 209
Control electronics, 7
Cooling requirements, 31
Corrosion test, 30, 32, 33
CSA standard conformity, 46
C-Tick Mark, 45
Cylinder allocation, 11
Cylinder switch time, 14
D
Data integrity, 17
Data reliability, 34
Data sheet, 9
Data transfer speed, 15
Deferred Error, 197
Degraded Mode, 197
Diagnostics, 212
Drive ready time, 14
German Safety Mark, 46
G-List, 19
H
Head disk assembly, 7
Head switch time, 14
Hot plug/unplug, 24
I
Idle Time Function, 214
IEC Compliance, 46
Incorrect Initiator Connection, 194
Instantaneous buffer-host transfer rate, 15
Instantaneous disk-buffer transfer rate, 15
Interface connector, 38
Invalid LUN in Identify Message, 194
J
Jumper signal description on J-4, 28
Jumper signal description on J-6, 27
L
Labels, 44
M
Maximum Temperature Gradient, 30
Maximum Wet Bulb Temperature, 30
Mechanical positioning, 13
Ultrastar 146Z10 hard disk drive specifications
231
Mechanical specifications, 36
Mounting, 39
Multiple Initiator Environment, 209
N
Non-arbitrating systems, 208
Non-operating conditions, 30
O
Operating conditions, 30
Option jumper block, 26
P
Performance characteristics, 12
Persistent Reservation, 116
P-List, 19
Power connector, 21
Power requirements, 32
Priority commands, 204
Probability of uncorrectable data error rate, 34
Product ID, 10
SCSI Message System, 177
SCSI Protocol, 193
SCSI SENSE DATA, 215
SCSI signal connector - 68-pin, 22
SCSI Signal Connector - 80-pin, 23
SCSI Status Byte, 175
SCSI Status Byte Reporting, 193
Seek/ID miscompare errors, 34
Segmented Caching, 208
Selection without ATN, 208
Sense Data Description, 216
Sense Data Format, 215
Shipped format, 19
Shock, 41
Simple sequential access, 16
Single Initiator Selection, 208
Spindle stop time, 14
Start /stop cycles, 34
Supported Message Functions, 189
Supported Messages, 177
Sustained disk-buffer transfer rate, 15
T
R
Random access, 16
Reassigned format, 19
Relative humidity, 30
Reselection Timeout, 208
Reset, 210
Reset condition, 210
Temperature, 30
Temperature warning, 35
Terminator power, 24
Throughput, 16
U
UL standard conformity, 46
Unit Attention Condition, 196
S
Safety, 46
SCSI bus connector, 22
SCSI bus Eeectrical characteristics, 24
SCSI Bus Related Error Handling Protocol, 191
SCSI bus terminator, 24
SCSI cable, 24
SCSI Commands, 49
SCSI Control Byte, 50
V
Vibration, 41
W
Worldwide ID, 63
Write Cache, 207
Ultrastar 73LZX hard disk drive specifications
232
ibm
®
© International Business Machines Corporation 2002
www.ibm.com/harddrive
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Printed in the United States of America
02-2002
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Document # S07N9742-03
Publication # 3630
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